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anae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anae or dil.ie/3271

n io, m. (the expl. as * ad-no-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 585 would require a form *ánae. See the rhyming exx. infra). On conn. with mod. in ann, i ndan, indon etc. see Éigse xi 85 - 88 . In early lang. usually in pl. wealth, riches, prosperity: ana [.i.] saidhbhrios, Metr. Gl. 14 § 26 . anae graece .i. sursum, unde dicitur an. Anōs datur feib ┐ ana caich, quod indicat nomen hominis .i. antropus .i. suas-deicsid, O'Mulc. 86 . aninae .i. dapes, unde a.¤ , 87 . ana .i. sonas no saidhbhrios, O'Cl. lase rombatar a n-anai inna lamaib, Ml. 95a13 . imforling anu dúnni a paupertas gl. habundauit in diuitibus, Wb. 16c2 . nach accuis trissanétatsat som inna anu, Ml. 57a3 . is hé as topur inna n-ane gl. qui prestat nobís omnia abunde, Wb. 29c7 . ar thercai inna n-ane ndomundae, Ml. 56d14 . im chuindchid inna n-a.¤ nerchradach, 59d3 . honaib imbedaib inna n-a.¤ , 45b8 , 56b24 . inna n-ánæ gl. opum, 28a3 . donaib ánib, Wb. 27b9 . a foróil bess lib dinaib anib gl. uestra habundantia, 16c22 . ho anaib gl. diuitiis, Ml. 36a9 . doformaig a ánae, Fél. Ep. 195 . a.¤ ┐ suthaine dóib, Trip.² 2213 . nach tech suidigthir amlaid sin . . . ní bia can ana and, LL 3798 (= Dinds. RC xv 280 `treasures'). imrōl tocaidh ┐ ordan ┐ anai, ACL iii 298 § 64 . tri hana antreinn: tipra i sléib . . ., Triads 147 . ferr ana inā ancis, ZCP vi 261.3 . mathair anai cech ḟini, Metr. Dinds. i 10.71 . a linn na n-uile n-ana (: eangnamha), Dánta Gr. 41.107 (to a person). gér mór a ana / a einech 's a almsana (of Maedóc Ferna), BNnÉ 282 § 268 . sonas ná ana ná ágh, TSh. 9319 . In sense of provisions: nolethad a n-a.¤ tar[na] tire, Corm. Bodl. 28 ( orcc tréith) = Corm. Y 1018 . aná mblechta, Ériu viii 69.70 = ana lachta, RC xx 250.20 . fácbaid tra rath ┐ bendachtu for deoradu Imblechu, ┐ ana mhinaráin i n-Imblig, MacCongl. 55.14 . ana cuile, ZCP x 50.4 . ? is tre fír flathemon cach ana lán cach lestar lán imma ḟlaith, ZCP xi 88 § 11 = cach recht rán, 81 § 12 . Fig. of a person: T. O Baighill ana thuaisceirt Erínn (sic), AU ii 270.16 . ó theasda mh'ana eisd mh'uch (: cara), DDána 90.25 . Ultan ana (.i. fertach) `U. a treasure', Gorm. Apr. 16 . As mock n. loc. Ana ┐ Indmas ┐ Brugas a tri ṅdúine, LL 3914 .

Compd. ¤-dénmaid: dind anedenmid gl. opifice, Ml. 25a19 . innanadeinmid gl. opificem, 42b17 .

bec

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bec or dil.ie/5512
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: lugimen, beag

adj o, ā small, little, of size, quantity, extent, physical and moral: b.¤ quasi ec ebraice paru[u]s interpretatur, , Corm. Y 151. duine beg gl. homunculus, Ir. Gl. 436. magnus et minus . . . mor ┐ beg, Auraic. 676. natat beca gl. non parua, Ml. 18b6 . cid na olc mb.¤ `even any little evil', 35d9 . atá debe m[b]ec nand, 40a20 . ma beth na galar b.¤ for corp duini, Thes. ii 245.34 (Cambr.). na brithemnachta becca `petty judgements', Wb. 9c8 . both b.¤ gl. umbraculo, Ml. 100c21 . inna mmacc ṁbecc, 123b12 . cid b.¤ cid már gl. quantitas, Sg. 28b7 . immar fa b.¤ `whether it be great or small', 73a16 . huan suidiu biuc gl. modica sesione, Ml. 135a14 . o aimsir bicc `for a little time', Wb. 5c2 . is becc rand aos túate ┐ lucht na sencheld mór ucut `the laity and the people of the great old churches yonder are of little worth', Mon. Tall. 137.4 nibo b.¤ in tech, Sc.M² 5. fri ré iúbili bicci .i. uii mbliadna, LU 4044. cansit ceól mb.¤ , LU 3274 ( SCC 7 ). ar thoirsi in meic bic do chosc, MU² 186. atchi tenid mbic `a little fire', RC xxiii 418.25 . id-bert an laoidh mbig si ann, ML² 1151. b.¤ cech glōr is cech gredan, Bruchst. i 62 § 143. dogní na briathra beca sa (of some lines of rhetoric), SG 371.18 . faillsighis . . . doibh-siumh an talamh mbiucc dia mbattar iarraidh .i. tir thairrngire, BNnÉ 77 § 148 . lethad baisi bigi (of a measure of bread), ZCP vi 286.10 . beag nglóire thú i dtalmhain (lit.) small as regards glory, Dán Dé viii 13 (but ex. may belong to subst. use below). más beag mór ar mbéim `all our sins, great and small', Aithd. D. 85.2 . ní fhuil dá éis dom scéimh acht scáil bheag, Keat. Poems 516. do chrích Banbha is beag re maoidheamh `small credit to B.', Aithd. D. 28.6 . b.¤ b.¤ very small, Ériu v 22.21 . becc nāt beg `not too tiny', K. and H. 10 (See Bull. Board of Celt. Stud. xxiv (1972) 484).

Compar. and superl. supplied by root *lug (cf. ). b.¤ ┐ lugum ┐ lugusomh, Auraic. 659. Compar. laugu (sic leg. laugi, MS), Wb. 6b12 . lugu, 16c26 , Ml. 23a13 . laigiu, 17c7 , Sg. 120b2 . lugha gl. minor, Ir. Gl. 1115. dleagait mic leigind . . . saire ada lugu a free status that is less (than that of higher-ranking men of letters), Laws v 102.6 . gnim nad lugu smacht for which the penalty is not less, IT i 70.19 . co nar ba luga hí . . . oltás orcc cránai it was no smaller than a young pig, PH 7210. ni lugu is machtnaigthi lim-sa I have no less reason to marvel, 1758 . gerba lugu d'ais ┐ do airrdi in gilla sin `of lesser age and height', TTebe 393 . Scotia Minor nó Scotia ba lugha, Keat. ii 5797. With DE: combad lugaite a nert i n-agid ríg Lagen that their strength might be the less, LL 6423. his laugudi a pennit, Ériu vii 154 § 2. ba lugaide a galarsom ón do suidiu `thus his sickness was alleviated', Ériu xii 166.7 . ro ba lughaide ro heccaoíneadh a oidheadh go ro thionnsccain sé dol ar bélaibh a athar `was the less lamented', AFM v 1778.1 .

Superl. : lugimen gl. minimam, Ml. 14c10 . is ē dēach is laigem, Corm. Y 447. cia luigem i fuillemaib gell, Laws v 376.1 . With form of compar. : ūair is é mer is lauga isin lāim é (the little finger), Corm. Y 809. na tri fira is luga a fenechus the three smallest (least in value), Cóic Con. 42 § 63 . i coneilg in neich is lughu, Auraic. 677. in aen lámh mharcaigh as luga rob olc `by no means one of the least expert horsemen', AFM vi 2040.11 . In adverbial phrases: na rachthai . . . co cend .x. ṁbliadan a n-as lugu de `at the least' ( TTr. 1776 ), LL 32574. in mēide is lugha dhe, Fl. Earls 178.z . adeirim nī sa lugha cúig Paidreacha at least , Parrth. Anma 777. muna rabha sí ann go follus, ní as lúgha de, bíodh sí a bhfolach none the less, Mac Aingil 2210 .

As adv. in d s. (in) biuc little, a little ; a while?), in some exx. perh. merely expletive: ma conatil biucc `if it has slept a little', Wb. 29d15 . in biucc gl. paulatim, Sg. 12b1 . cid in biucc `even in small measure', 39a25 . in biuc iarum gl. paulo post, Ml. 19b6 . in biuc `to a small degree', 122b7 . seōl bic romaind 'sa rōt cētna / a choss truag-sa, ACL iii 243 § 27. an biuc, a L. corot-aiciller, Sc.M² 9. tair bic ille, LU 3724 ( SCC 33 ). Compar. as adv. ind lugu gl. minus, Ml. 123c12 .

As subst. of persons and things small, petty, unimportant (of state, rank, possessions, etc.): ataat cetheora sabuid tuaithe noda-desruithetar i mbecaib who are degraded to small people, ZCP xvi 177 § 14 (= Laws i 54.8 ), see 184.23 . a becco, ol Fer Rogain, BDD² 888. nān .i. b.¤ ut dicitur, nanus .i. abac nō lucharbān, O'Mulc. 828. dona beaguibh (= paruulis, Psalms 118 ), Parrth. Anma 9 (title-page). In phr. o b.¤ (biuc) co mór both small and great i.e. everybody: tabhach cíosa ┐ cána Maodhóg o bhecc go mór `from small and great', BNnÉ 203 § 44 , cf. v.l., n.3. na coiglidh enduine acu o b.¤ co mor, Fier. 131. donangatarsidhe ó bhiug co mór, Hugh Roe 108.10 . Cf. etir b.¤ ┐ mór both small and great, Ml. 114b17 .

As subst. o, n. a little, a little while, etc., smallness, fewness : beag, m. IGT Decl. § 65. cid a mb.¤ gl. uel paululum, Ml. 29b12 . b.¤ gl. paulum, Sg. 14a11 . Études Celt. xi 110. iṁforling hícc a mbeicc rochreti `of the few of them', Wb. 5b21 . is becc rofitemmarni i rrúnaib dǽe, 12c5 . cid beicc daucbaid si `of little worth', Wb. 21c12 . is hed a mbeccsin nammá dogníu di maith, 24a12 . cid b.¤ ṅdi ulc, Ml. 46a1 . cid cen na b.¤ ndo síd and `even without a little of peace there', 51a5 . ní b.¤ dia ndergeni forcenn a sailm `it is no small thing', 69c7 . corrobu b. du essarcnaib furodamair, 131b12 . becc torbai little profit, Thes. ii 296.4 . a mbecc mín `the small light diet', Mon. Tall. 152.20 . a mb.¤ arathá . . . doṁsaegulsa during the little that remains of my life, RC iii 179.9 . edrad fota do biuc (bicc, v.l.) buair `long the milking time for a few cattle', Ériu v 116.8 . dochóidseom trá i nnem arin ṁb. sin do maith, LL 36833. don ti rucc becc h'innmusa, RC xxvi 366.4 . beg dá hioth do-chúaidh ar gcúl, IGT Decl. ex. 1093. as beag do geabhthar do dhaoinibh fíréanta a small number, Desid. 2257. beag ga bhfoil an ceart ar chuimhne ` few ', Aithd. D. 38.5 . ar uathadh sluaigh ┐ ar beg mbuidhne, AFM v 1662.3 . Of time: ni bia do m'fhuirech-sa anosa mar-oen frit . . . acht b.¤ bet oc tuba h'uilc . . . i t'agaid, PH 8230. dar thrachtsam beg roimhe so `a short time', Geneal. Tracts 53.5 .

With prec. possess. 3 s.: rochotail a becc slept a while, TBC-I¹ 2513. nír codail a b.¤ an aidhchi sin he did not sleep at all, ZCP x 307.18 . ni rucsat a beg ar a m-buidnib they quite failed to overtake, Celt. Rev. iv 206.20 . dá leigeadh a lámha síos a bheag nó a mhór, Eochairsg. 54.5 . hi tōeb na conaire anair a bic `a little to the east', Dinds. 20. gan a bheg `not a whit', Duan. F. i 53.20 . dubhairt-sean nach raibhe a bheag `he said it was nothing', Keat. ii 5272.

With neg. verb and follg. DI anything at all, the smallest quantity: ní romill a becc din chasail (= permanente cassula tantum intacta quod ignis non tetigit), Lat. Lives 11.12 . na beiridh a bhecc da bhar nettaighibh libh asin luing, BNnÉ 54 § 55 . ní haithristear a bheag da scéalaibh `no tidings whatever are given of them', Keat. ii 2571. Cf. nochon do biuc bae dia brīg not slight was his power, ZCP viii 217 § 5.

In phr. acht b.¤ almost, nearly: fri re tri n-uairi acht b.¤ , PH 550. dia bualad co mbo marb acht b.¤ so that he was nearly dead, LU 3290 ( SCC 8 ). roscarsatur ar cuirp fri ar n-anmannaib acht b.¤ `have all but separated', MacCarthy 66.23 . acht madh beac, Fl. Earls 168.23 . b.¤ ná, b.¤ nach almost, nearly (i.e. little but that): b.¤ nachamralae i nderchóiniud ón `I have almost fallen into despair', Ml. 90c17 . b.¤ nád múchtha doíne impu were nearly stifled, TBFr. 272. beag nach brisiodh mo chroidhe / gach dán roimhe da gcumainn, Studies 1918, 618 § 11 . beg do Tuadmumain nár thrían / do bí ag M. M. held almost a third of Thomond, Caithr. Thoirdh. 136.15 . go raibhe trian bhfear nÉireann ré filidheacht beagnach, Keat. iii 1462. So also: is b.¤ mā dorinnus ariam gnīomh . . . badh doilghe liom do dhēanamh hardly , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1469. is beac ma ba oirrdearca C. `C. . . . was scarcely more illustrious', CF 411. Cf. is b.¤ cid dia fesstar a chenél `his kin will be almost unknown', RC xxiv 176.5 .

With copula and follg. prep. is b.¤ do it is little, insufficient (for): ba becc duitsiu cometecht dossom `it were little for thee (sic leg.) to be indulgent to him', Wb. 10c10 . ba b.¤ ṅdamsa mad buith cen chotlud tantum , Ml. 95d13 . Hence with neg. it is enough; an bhraid-sin nochar bheag dí `grief enough for her', Dán Dé ii 23 . ní beag dó dá chora i gcéill / an fhola féin i ló an Luain, Aithd. D. 100.33 . ní beag seal don bhaois, Dánta Gr. 102.2 . níor bheag aon aifrionn amháin do rádh ar gach n-anam a single mass would suffice, Eochairsg. 51.20 . cá b.¤ do ? is it not enough (for) ?: ca beag dóibh so do robhadh?, KMMisc. 352.3 . cár bheag dhuid aithmhéala inn ? `would not repentance satisfy thee ?' Aithd. D. 34.5 . cá beag sin dá chur i gcéill ? isn't that enough to make it clear ? Dánta Gr. 85.8 . is (ní) b.¤ la deems insufficient; thinks little of: is beic (g s.) lim in bríg sin ced molad ced tatháir domberaidsi domsa is beicc limsa a bríg `little do I care', Wb. 82d1 . as becc lem slechtain dó I think it beneath me to make obeisance to him, BNnÉ 13 § 13 . mó as beag lé burba na bhfear `small account did she (viz. Eamhain) make of', Content. xxx 35. fá beag leó . . . iad féin ┐ a sochar do bhuain don duine `they did not hesitate' (Vocab.), TSh. 3065. ní beg limm do biadh gu bráth / balad mo chráibi cáimhe, Anecd. i 34.23 . ná bad begc la hingin ríg hErenn feis lais that the daughter of the King of Ireland should deem it no small honour to sleep with him, BColm. 88.8 . doraid in saer nar' beg lais do shaegul usci do thoidecht docum in muilinn (= sufficit mihi vivere donec), RC xii 344 § 39. adubradarsan nar beg leo féin a fheabhus sin they thought that excellent (i.e. an offer of billeting), L. Chl. S. § 9.12 . is b.¤ ar thinks little of, considers insignificant; despises, dislikes: sgéal is beag ar a mbuachail, Ir. Syll. Poetry 29 § 3. is beg oram cáil na mban, Duan. F. i 85.31 . beg air imurro caingean na namad . . . uair ra dhlighsiot `he thought little of the doings of the enemies . . . for they were entitled to it', TFrag. 154.13 . is bec orumsa gach uile leiges lagtach isin cuis so acht clisteri (= abhorreo), Rosa Angl. 288.16 . gidh beg ormsa S., Ériu v 184.1 . an tí do dhéanadh math . . . dhóibh, go madh é budh lugha orra, Gadelica 38.65 . is lughaidi orum tú beth a t-[S]axanach . . . uair is don talam-sin in dias is lugha orum tainic riam, ZCP vi 87.21 . gidh ard thú ó threibh fhola, / dola i gclú leibh ní lugha you are just as intent on becoming famous, L. Cl. A. B. 215.20 .

In nn. loc.: in herinn bicc bebais `in Becc-Eriu', Fél. Apr. 23. Augustin Insi Bice, Lat. Lives 42.2 . See Hog. Onom.

In n. pr.: feil Brain Bic, Fél. May 18 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns. .x. mbuair . . . mbecalma, Ériu ii 4.11 . ¤baile: go mbeg-bailtip `villages', Fl. Earls 82.20 . ¤brat ina becbrataib `in his swaddling clothes´ Blathm. 34 . ¤déntaid `small worker ' (one of categories of wives with specific activities, see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 34.32 ): masa beccdentaidh, gunudh seiseadh no nomadh gnimha a fir aiccisi ann sein, Laws ii 410.7 Comm. issed da ní beccdentaidh dissi banaicidh (sic) uaidhsiumh ina aighidsi `what makes her a small worker is to have feminine implements supplied by him', 22 Comm. ¤dolb: (in rhetoric) iba srúaim sruthborr slán lam broind begdolb crú, LL 13860. ¤ecla of little fear . pn As epithet: Conaing B., ZCP viii 337.20 . ¤enech of small honour: comairge béldub b.¤ , Tec. Corm. 33.2 . ¤ḟola, small stock, cattle: .x. mbuair mbecfolad . . . glossed: .i. cáirigh nó gabhair nó dairt, Ériu ii 4.10 . ¤grend short-beard: Tuirenn Beggreann, Cóir Anm. ii § 159 . ¤a small thing, a trifle: dorindi in ridiri bagar ┐ becni do briathraibh Sir Gyi, ZCP vi 32.26 . ¤popul little (lowly) people: is cend daim for dartoid [.i.] mōrpersan for becphopul, O'Mulc. 753. ¤ṡaegal short life: gan uamhan báis nō begs[h]aogail, ML² 1189. ¤ṡed little interest, heed: teirce a-cách an creideamh cóir / beigsheadh ag cách san chanóin, DDána 57.1 . ¤ṡelb: i lennmhain a mbegṡelbha bó `their few cattle', Hugh Roe 84.20 . ¤ṡluag a small company, host: is doras bāls beg-s[h]luag, ML² 1384. With vn. ¤carthain: gan bhríogh i mbeag-charthain séad `paltry love of treasures', Content. xxix 13.

(b) With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤cíallda having little sense, weak-witted: boathán builidh beig-ciallda, TSh. 1721. ¤cosach short-stalked: (of a plant) luib b.¤ , ACL i 330 § 11 . ¤cridech small-hearted, hard-hearted: aderthar gurab duine cruaidh no beccchroidhech thu, Ériu v 138 § 124. ¤dígbálach of little harm: neithi iat sein . . . begdighbalacha, Irish Texts v 2 7. ¤eclach fearless: Conaing B., LL 2491. ¤ḟoltach having little substance, `inops': sochla brīg b.¤ , ZCP v 503.1 . ¤lachtach yielding little milk: comét in buair bec-lachtaig, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.26 . ¤menmnach dispirited: dobhí se go brónach begmhenmnach, Ériu v 196.33 . ¤náirech impudent, shameless: m'iaraidh-si do bhancheile led' bogbhriathraib begnaracha, ZCP vi 26.16 . ¤nertach having little strength, weak: biaid in bhuidhe becnertach (of a plague), SG 21.4 . ¤nertmar: don chriosdáidhe óg bhíos maoth beignertmhar, Ó Héodhusa 195.13 . ¤thuicsech feeble-witted: an téigentach bocht begthuigsech sin, Ériu v 166.34 . ¤uiscech: biaidh . . . an geimhreadh . . . beag-uisceach `scarce of water', Corp. Astron. 64.7 . Note also artificial compd. ¤máo: in b.¤ máo (? leg. becmáo) .i. is b.¤ as máo oldáusa .i. is b.¤ in derscugud gl. paruo maior quam ego, Sg. 45a15 .

Note also: muiti .i. mifothai . . . .i. b.¤ caithte a foghur, Auraic. 467.

brúchtaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brúchtaid or dil.ie/7066

Forms: brúchtad

v (brúcht) bursts, belches forth; springs forth, pours, overflows : brucht .i. sceith . . . bruchtaid co sal co salaib .i. bruchtaid sim co salcaraib, O'Dav. 250 , Ériu xiii 44.22 . robrúcht in talum `the earth burst open' (at Crucifixion), KMMisc. 144.21 . a n-aen uair bruchtais a meas ┐ a mblath ┐ a nduilli `break forth', Dinds. 59. airm asa mbrūchtat Ollar ┐ Ollarba whence spring forth O. and O. (rivers), Corp. Gen. 121.24 . in ni bruchtas de (sc. claide) what overflows from it, Laws v 488.25 Comm. T. . . . asa ṁbrucht srúaim soïs `out of whom burst a stream of knowledge', Fél. Apr. 4. Ainle . . . / fris ṁbruchta muir mílach, June 21 . ? brūchtait bith / Fiachu Labrainn, / Smirguil, Smrith, Corp. Gen. 6.19 . brúctaidh fri híath nAnann, Ériu xiii 40.25 . flaith . . . brúchtas roimse robartai (rhet.), BDD² 1012. sāer sāerus broind bēlra bēil brūchtus ūad (rhet.), Anecd. v 22.17 . ro bruchtsat lucht na cathrach na urtimcill `crowded round him', Stair Erc. 467.

Trans. ro bruchtsatar eassa ┐ aibne . . . mur-bhruchta . . . cacha moir eisc `poured forth . . . shoals of', MR 102.1 . ? brúchtis bí a croith innallaili combu ógslán, LU 10610 = bruitis (bruigis, bruitisbe, brutisife, v.ll.), Comp. CC 6. orcc brecc brondḟinn bruchtas de magur fo muirib, Corm. Bodl. 26 (see magar ). brūchtaid in būar bódela (rhet.), ZCP viii 105.3 . gur bhrúcht sí (an Fhraingc) foirne uaithe d'áitiughadh críoch oile, Keat. ii 927.

Vn. brúchtad.

columa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. columa or dil.ie/10548
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: colum, colamain, columan, colún, cholumasin, colamu, colomain, columna, colamain, cholomain, columu, colamhuin, columan, columain, colún, colamain, cholomain, cholūin, cholaman, columna, colamna, colamain, collamhuin, Coloman, colomna, columna, coloman, columan, columa, colomnaib, colamhnaibh, cCollamhnach

n n, f. Later also m. colum, Fél. 66.11 . Later colamain, columan, colún m. (Lat. columna? columen?). n s. conid hi in cholumasin . . . , LB 158a50 . colamu, a39 . colamhuin dhaingion, Mac Aingil 5340 . a s. colomain móir, LU 1923 (ICM). g s. na columna medonchi, PH 6356 . d s. 'na colamain coimhdirigh, CCath. 4201 . n du. dí cholomain , LL 3133 . As m. n s. columu tenntide, Three Hom. 66.3 . an colamhuin , Parrth. Anma 5580 . a s. in columan , BNnÉ 71 § 122 . columain mór, § 121 . colún, Stair Erc. 2158 . g s. an colamain , BNnÉ 71 § 122 . in cholomain , Fl. Earls 134.18 . in cholūin , 216.25 . d s. annsa cholaman , BNnÉ 71 § 122 . n p. columna, Fianaig. 88.16 . colamna, Corm. Y 322 . colamain, O'D. 590 ( H 3.17, 447 ). collamhuin, CRR² 29 (86.6) . Coloman, Hy Fiach. 172.3 . a p. colomna, TBC-I¹ 3135 . columna, PH 4125 . g p. coloman, Fianaig. 78.5 . columan, CCath. 4776 . columa, Alex. 578 . d p. colomnaib, LU 2005 ( FA 7 ). colamhnaibh, RC xliii 16 § 9 . Note also g p. na cCollamhnach , CRR² 19 .

(a) column, pillar, prop : atracht c.¤ tenntide dia cind (columna ignis), Lat. Lives 71.y . na colomna cloch filet i ndorsib na rígráth, MU² 379 . ic columhain criadh ná a liubhur annálta `column of clay', CCath. 1612 . a cliath do torrachtain ar treise, a comobair ar cuicthe, a colamain ar dechmaidh `the uprights of a hurdle(?)' (Plummer MS notes), O'D. 590 ( H 3.17, 447 ). c.¤ roard . . . ┐ nocho chuirend foscud uaithi i llo in griantairisme ṡámruta, ZCP xvii 229.24 . cethir chét c.¤ . . . oc a fulang (of a house), Alex. 578 . c.¤ niúil i llou ┐ c.¤ tenntigi i n-oidche, PH 1714 - 15 . sé fan gcrois 'n-a cholamhuin (of the upright of the Cross), DDána 23.16 . colamhain, a colony (leg. column), a pillar, Eg. Gl. 144 . In n.loc, of the Pillars of Hercules : o rían Deprofane an-air | síar [co] colomnaib Herccail 'from the sea of Taprebane westwards to the Pillars of Hercules', SR (Greene) 2643 . co hIndsi Orcc ┐ co Colomna Hercoil, TBC-I² 3583 .

Fig. (b) Of warriors, champion, defender, support , particularly in term colomain na Temrach (see Knott, Ériu xiv 144 ff.): na deich cēt . . . curad . . . ro bātar columna na Temrach, Fianaig. 88.16 . do Cholomnaib na Temrach, LL 19535 . co colomnaib Crohinni, 29164 . collamhuin congmhála ┐ laoich goile, CRR² 29 . Ui Flannghaile ┐ O Tarpaigh, Coloman na Sgríne, Hy Fiach. 172.3 . lucht mar cholumhna Chláir Bhreagh (of the crew of the Argo), DDána 107.35 . As territorial designation: bodhith do thiachtain a seacht colamhnaibh ┐ i primhphortaibh na Temhrach, RC xliii 16 § 9 .

(c) More generally, supporter, upholder : saoglonn .i. brithem ┐ senoir ┐ columna, ut dicitur: Saoglonn brithemh, buan a blad, / saoglonn senōir sīr-saoglach, / saoglonn cech rī fora dū, / ┐ saoglonn columnu, O'Mulc. 857 . saeghlonn .i. seanoir no colomna, O'Dav. 1424 . colomnaib .i. ollum, ut est, . . . columan breithem, buan a blad, O'Curry 569 (H. 3.18, 284). colamhuin dhaingion dhoibhrisdi na fírinde (of the Church), Mac Aingil 5340 . colamhain ┐ firminte na fírinne ( 1 Timothy iii 15 ), TSh. 3269 . seise suadh colamhain cliar the support of the learned, Ó Bruad. iii 54.1 . colamain na heglaisi mar tá Ambrós Augustín . . . , Ó Héodhusa 41.1 .

(d) Of divisions of time: colamna āis .i. aimsera āis .i. naoidendacht ┐ macdacht, gillacht ┐ ōglachass . . . , Corm. Y 322 . os tussu a mmo sruith can dollod. Ni handsa. Iar colomnaib aíse .i. iar colomnaib sé áes in duni, LL 24333 - 4 ( RC xxvi 18.32 ).

cráin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cráin or dil.ie/12738

Forms: Cráinchrín

n f. IGT Decl. § 201 . sow: cēd c.¤ cona crú, Ériu viii 139.18 . céd bo . . . ┐ céat cránadh, Leb. Cert. 42.13 . orcc cránai, PH 7211 . seacht [g]céat c.¤ . . . céat crán, Leb. Cert. 64. 20 - 22 . adhba crana in cluain clethach, Acall. 498 v.l. frisin c.¤ círduib (one of the inmates of Hell), SG 48.4 . an [ch.¤] ó thuinn do thuinn porpoise(?), Aithd. D. 1.17 . doruc crain acu bainb, ZCP vi 275.32 . ál gach crána coigcríche, Keat. Poems 40 .

Compds. Cráinchrín (n. pr. of sow), Dinds. 71 . crónanach cránṡúilech (of Dond Cúailnge), IT iii 246.81 .

cúaille

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cúaille or dil.ie/13317

Forms: cúalne, chúalle, chualli, cuaille

n earlier cúalne (cúal), dí chúalle , LL 12975 , da chualli , 14423 . stake, pole, post : cūaille .i. de an cūal, nō caoile quam alia , Corm. Y 328 . cuaillne fernae (rhet.) `a stake of alder', Corm. Bodl. (28.17) orcc . cuaille gl. palus, Ir. Gl. 495 . Common as material of (wooden) structures, fences, etc. cor cuálne, ZCP xii 365.33 ( Laws iv 340.14 .). bla cuaille airbi `a stake in a fence', Laws iii 290.10 . ar cūaillib cell, Bruchst. 30 § 67 . etir chúalle ┐ cháilach `both pole and palisade' (of a `ríg-thech'), Metr. Dinds. iii 80.z . buna na cuailled `butts of the stakes' (remains of war camp), CCath. 2997 . se duirn isin chuaille, Laws iv 140.6 Comm. amuil in cuaili, iii 176.22 Comm. in cert for cuaille `the rag upon the pole' (to scare the timid), i 178.2.Comm. an crann chuirthear 'n-a chuaille the tree that is put down as a stake (does not last long), DDána 57.8 . bliadhuin don chuailli a year is the life of a stake, Lism. L. xli 5 . is Lagin rosmarbastar / nirbo chualle i (sic leg.) Cind Tíre (of one of many heroes slain by Leinstermen), ZCP xxiv 141 § 37 . cuaille feda see s.v. felm . bērat do chend co rraib for cuailli ar bēlaib R., Fing. R. 96 . do thabairt a chind ar an cuaille ḟolam atā 'mon dūn, Ériu iii 168 § 25 . cuaille cuilinn na coradh tríd `the holly-stake of the weir (of Clúain Tarbh) through him', Cog. 257.11 . ar cuaille na himdhaide, ALC i 8.25 . sibh ar dhá chuailli do chor `on two poles' (of a bier), O'Hara 3577 . M. . . . do marbad . . . d'orchor chuailli, Ann. Conn. 1408.10 . an cuaille Fáil `the flag-staff of F.,' Miscell. Celt. Soc. 156.119 . cūailli īaraind fora brut, TBC-I¹ 3284 . LL 11977 `an iron stake', TBC-LL² 4485 , `stake-brooch', Contribb. 542 . cóirighios a sgiath . . . ina cuailli comhraic, Leabh. ó Láimhsgr. xix 6249 . Smiting the c.c. (`pole of battle') was a challenge to fight, ZCP xxiii 309 § 5 , Plummer MS notes. cuailledha trēna Tuathail (of warriors), ML² 1362 . meraidh uaim tre laidhibh leat / in cuaille ma comhraigeat the axis where they meet (sc. cōic cōicid Ērenn), BB 31b21 ( ITS xli 72 § 1 ).

In name of metre: berrídhi ar rind chuailli so, IT iii 101 § 179 .

In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom.

fo-ricc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-ricc or dil.ie/23696

Forms: for-icc, fuircim, forricc, foricc, forecat, forrecad, foirsed, fórsed, -fuirsitis, fo-ricfa, fo-m-ricfa, fuircéba, fuaircife, -faircbitís, -faircibdis, fosfairnec, fo-n-airnicc, -farnic, forránic, fosrainic, -fornic, -farnaic, fóndráncamár, foráncatár, -furecar, -fuiresta, forricht, -furecht, -fuirecht

v ( Ascoli xcvi , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 552 ; fo-ro-icc, Thurn. Reader, s.v. icc ; GOI 374 ; some instances show signs of confusion with ar-icc. for-icc, Hessen ZCP ix 5 ). Ipv. 1 s. fuircim, Bürgschaft p. 13 § 44 . pres. 3 s. forricc, Corm. Y 883 ( Anecd. iv 76.8 ) = foricc, Harl. (ib. p. xii ). 3 pl. forecat TBC-I¹ 591 (= forreccat, LU 5078 ). forrecad, TBC-I¹ 679 (= forrecat LU 5161 ). past subj. ( for co foirsed , TBC-I¹ 227 = fórsed LU 4700 , which could be by-form belong to this, see fo-reith). 3 pl. -fuirsitis, Thes. ii 242.4 ( Ardm. 18b1 ). fut. 3 s. fo-ricfa ZCP xi 85 § 39 . fo-m-ricfa, LU 5747 (= TBC-I¹ 1274 ). fut. 2 s. -fuircéba su, LU 4843 = -fuaircife sa, TBC-I¹ 354 . sec. fut. 3 pl. -faircbitís, LU 5010 = -faircibdis, TBC-I¹ 521 . pret. and perf. 1 s. fosfairnec, LU 5409 . 3 s. fo-n-airnicc, Wb. 16b2 . -farnic, 2a21 . forránic, LU 7985 ( BDD 165 ), LU 10180 . fosrainic, ZCP iii 243 w . -fornic, LU 10692 = Ériu xii 158 . -farnaic, Corm. Bodl. s.v. orcc trēith . 1 pl. fóndráncamár LU 5795 . 3 pl. foráncatár, 10580 . Pass. pres. -furecar LL 346b27 ( ZCP xi 89 § 21 ). past subj. -fuiresta, RC xii 66 § 30 . pret. and perf. forricht, LU 7712 ( BDD 129 ). -furecht, -fuirecht, Ériu xiii 15.12 (? fo-rig). Hy v 80 ; 88 .

(a) comes across, finds: forricfe faelte and thou wilt find welcome LU 11012 ( Imr. Brain i 53 ). forricc failte, Corm. Y 883 (foricc, Harl.). cach oen fodriced, Dinds. 19 . tic F. don uarboith ... co farnic in colann cen cend, Corm. Y 1018 (co farnaic, Bodl.). is amlaid fosfairnec sa hi comlepaid I found them sleeping together LU 5409 . fosrainic ... issuide noi mbaindelbae, ZCP iii 243w . uair fomairnecsa oc coe since thou hast found me weeping LL 275a11 ( Mór M. § 6 ). tiscaither a tarr ... dūs in fuirestar ind or ann, RC xii 66 § 29 . ind Lúin Cheltchair ... forricht hi cath Maigi Tured, LU 7712 ( BDD 129 = frith, Eg.). f.¤ ara chiund finds before one, finds on arrival: ni farnic sede nach maid ara chiun isin domun found none good Wb. 2a21 . hore fonairnicc ara chiunn desiderium ..., 16b2 . fuircim si cobach lat sa armo chind, Bürgschaft p. 13 § 44 . co fargbaid mo thech sa amal fondrancaibar for bar cind until you leave my house as you found it LU 8388 ( FB 26 ). co farnactár Coin Culaind for áth ara cind, LU 1534 ( MU² 1039 ). ros-fairnic in t-airdespog ar a chinn gan neimh gan galar, Fl. Earls 148.10 .

(b) ni forrainicc lais soadh for ccúlaibh, Hugh Roe 60.7 (f. 16a) = ní ránicc, etc.

Cf. rosfuric a less in coimdiu has need of them PH 4373 (see ro-icc).

Some of the exx. cited under for-rig may belong to this.

? fourt ?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? fourt ? or dil.ie/24219

n f.¤ cethra ac touth, Laws v 268.21 , a trespass (?) of cattle for which no fine or compensation is due; glossed: firt doniat na cethra, 270.9 . Cf. fuil ferda muca ma four induited amuig ac gabail a n-orcc , H 3.18, p. 382a ( O'Curry 836 ). cf. fuil muc a foir, Laws v 152.4 . fonnad .i. four no fochlaid (for lemma see s.v. fo-tlen, last cit.), O'Dav. 847 (printed by Stokes: fo ur).

i

Cite this: eDIL s.v. i or dil.ie/26891
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: isin, isint, isind, isind, sind, issa, is, sa, isteampull, ansan, isnaib, isnaib, isna, ands[n]a, annsna, issinn, isa, issa, is, isin, insa, ionnsa, sa, isna, annsa, istech, istig, immach, immaig, indium, innium, ionnam, iondam, indiut, inniut, iniud, ionnod, ionnat, inneat, and, ant, and, ann, annt, indi, hindae, indti, inde, inti, inte, ind, inn, inte, innte, indiunn, indiun-ni, annainn, indib, innibh, ionnaibh -se, indib, indeb, intib, innta, ionnta, annta, intiu, inntu, ionntadh, im, inna, inná, innar, inar, 'nar, i bar, hi far, in far, ina, inna, ana, ann, i, i, san, i, ann

nasalising prep., folld. by dat. and acc. Usually written i or í when eclipsis is shown : i nÍsu, Wb. 3b6 . i ngiun, 4d33 . í n-éutt, 6b2 . i nneurt, 6d11 . i ndegaid, 30b14 . i mbiam, Ml. 21c3 . i ndia, 29d5 . i mbí, Tur. 9. i n-oénṡillaib, Sg. 120b2 . i llathiu, Thes. ii 319.2 ; but cf. hi n-iriss, Wb. 10b28 . hi rrecht, Ml. 54c2 . hi llaim, 96d6 . hi ndóiri, 125a9 . hi rriucht, Tur. 85. hi mbítis, Sg. 5a15 . hi ndilsi, 28a4 . hi mbrethir ... hi ngním, Thes. ii 253.11 . hi nDruim, 260.21 . hi mbrot, 290.9 . When eclipsis is not shown, most freq. written hi or hí : hi noibad, Wb. 3b31 . hi rect, 3d14 . hí crist, 4d21 . hi far n-irnigdib, 7a12 . hí flid, 9b14 . hi tosuch, Ml. 2a6 . hí tintud, 2a15 . hi rogabad, 24d14 . hí libur, 16c10 . hi cairptib, 43d3 . hi far crichaib, 115b10 . hi fers, Sg. 6b23 . hi roṡoithe, 73a11 . hí frecndairc, 204a5 . hi rogénair, Thes. ii 291.11 ; but : í cach thír, Wb. 1a3 . i corpu, 2b5 . í rúnaib, 2b10 . i tuil dée, 5c20 . (no exx. available of this from Ml.). i persin n-aili, Sg. 189a8 . i fogur, 6b1 . í titul, PCr. 15a3 . i comus, Thes. ii 244.30 (Camb.). In Ml. and Tur., frequently written inn before vowels : inna diad, Ml. 17c6 . inn aithchi dorchi, 30a4 . inn echaib, 43d3 . innar neurt, 43d3 . inn ecin, Tur. 134. In Wb. freq. inn before proclitic beginning with vowel : innar leid, 4b11 . inna chridiu, 10b20 . inna corp `in their body', 11d11 . inn aláil, 12a10 . In Mid. and Early Mod. Ir. i n- is often written a n- : a n-inad, PH 203. a persainn, 7577 . a sendataid, 3977 . a ngaire, BNnÉ 168.10 . a bus, SG 135.6 . cáit ambí in fer sin, 135.36 . a mmedón, TBFr. 103.

With article :

(a) dat. sg. isin chrud sin, Wb. 8b10 . isint senmim, 13d18 . isind óin uáir, 25b16 . isind laithiu, Ml. 21c3 . sind ló, TBC-LL¹ 444. issa baile-seo, Acall. 3360. is tir, BNnÉ 301.15 . is' taig, ScM. § 6.12 . is tig, BDD² 525. is’ tilaig, ITS l 38.13 . is tulaig, LL ii 13336 . is dorus, i 7318 . is tṡenchoss, iii 21254 . is treairiut 'in the three periods' UR 114 § 24 . 'sa dorus, Feis Tighe Chonáin 75. isteampull 'in the temple', Stair Nic. 32.602. Cf. 28.524 (v.l.) . ansan ūair-sein, Ériu iv 178 § 31. pl. isnaib fochidib, Wb. 14b19 . isnaib innib, Ml. 28a7 . isnaib sechtaib, Críth G. 303. isna airigthib, TBC-LL¹ 3552. ands[n]a... dúilib, O'Gr. Cat. 233.23. annsna righaibh, CF 922.

(b) acc. sg. issinn aíar, Wb. 25b24 . isa n-indarbae, Ml. 23c8 . issa suthin, 21d4 . is' tech, ScM. § 15.2 . isa tech, TBFr. 124. isa ndún, Trip.² 1464. isin ngnimrad, BCrólige § 37 n. 1 . insa curach, Feis Tighe Chonáin 920. ionnsa bhfiadh, 1173 . 'sa mboin, Fianaig. 72.18 . pl. isna bithu, Wb. 4c4 . isna lucu, Ml. 23d23 .

Distinction between dat. and acc. lost : annsa chéill, TSh. 3219. annsa gcéill, 2532 . neimhsheadh do thabhairt san tsaoghal, 339 . nach raibhe seadh san saoghal aice, 1866 . The distinction remained however in istech, istig ; immach, immaig, qq.v.

With pron. suff. ; s. 1 indium, Wb. 8d26 . Ml. 74d7 . innium, TBC-LL¹ 4382. ionnam, iondam, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1912 , 410 . s. 2 indiut, Ml. 106c15 . inniut, TBC-LL¹ 4350. iniud, TTebe 3673 . ionnod, TD 40 § 2. ionnat, DDána 2 § 11. inneat, 68 § 38 (: mbreac). s. 3 dat. m. + n. and, Wb. 1a5 . Ml. 45d15 . Sg. 3b5 . ant, Ml. 48c29 . and, Críth G. 100. ann, ML² 45. BDD² 91. annt, ZCP vii 481.29 (Enchir. Aug.). f. indi, Ml. 21c3 . Sg. 18a3 . Críth G. 105. BDD² 745. Laws iv 112.9 . hindae, BDD² 513. indti, 661 . inde, Laws iv 112.10 . inti, TBC-LL¹ 5211. TBFr. 200. inte, BDD² 498. acc. m. + n. ind, Ml. 22b1 . Críth G. 93. BDD² 196. Laws iv 136.x Comm. inn, 250. 5 Comm. f. inte, Sg. 6a6 . Críth G. 219. innte, DDána 1 § 9. pl. 1 indiunn, Wb. 5d18 . indiun-ni, Ml. 44d3 . annainn, Luc. Fid. 225.x . pl. 2 indib, Wb. 14c18 . Ml. 122c3 . innibh, DDána 68 § 23. ionnaibh -se (: fionnsoillse), 122 § 12. pl. 3 dat. indib, Ml. 30c17 . Sg. 216b4 . BDD² 475. indeb, 1468 . intib, TBC-LL¹ 174. TBFr. 35. innta, ML² 75. ionnta, DDána 122 § 17. annta, Luc. Fid. 285.10 . acc. intiu, Ml. 21a8 . Sg. 7a10 . inntu (for dat.), Ériu iii 160.24 . ionntadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1065.

With poss. : s. 1 im hulcc-sa, Wb. 2a8 . im chuimriug, 30a5 . iom giolla, TBC-LL¹ 5662 (St.). am f[h]ochair, ML² 774. am chlaidim, TTebe 1309 . s. 2 it senmathir, Wb. 29d11 . id ḟlaith, BDD² 178. id chémanduib, ML² 1654. at rēimennuib, 1655 . ad ruire, 1450 . it olcaibh, Studies 1933, 310 § 27 . s. 3 m+n. inna suidiu, Wb. 13a12 . inna thechtu, 13a28 . inda sesam, Mon. Tall. 129.13 . inna chumbu, Críth G. 111. ina suide, ScM. § 10.10 . 'na adhbar rīg, ML² 30. f. inná loc, Sg. 17a5 . pl. 1 innar leid, Wb. 4b11 . inar n-óccaibh, BS 112.18 . 'nar mbél-ne, Ériu iv 118 § 37. ionur ttríar, RC xxix 112 § 7. pl. 2 i bar tolaib, Wb. 3b8 . hi far selbad-si, 8d26 . in far n-Ultaib, TBC-LL¹ 1636. i bar (v.ll. in for, in bur) ngnáis-si, Fél. Ep. 375. i nbhar láimh, DDána 100 § 5 ; but cf. 'nar lámhaibh `in manibus vestris', TSh. 8579. pl. 3 ina ndúm, TBFr. 244. inna mbrucc, BDD² 1282. ana n-usci, Maund. § 136.5 .

With rel. : before a rel. i n- is not folld. by the demonstrative particle a n- as is the case with the other prepp., but is folld. directly by the verb which it eclipses : i mbiam, Ml. 21c3 . ind aimser hi rogabad, 24d14 . i mbí, Tur. 9. hi mbítis, Sg. 5a15 . indat sláin, Ml. 76a6 . aní i táa cuntubart libsi `that as to which there is doubt among you', Wb. 13a35 . intí i mbíi in spirut, 8b10 . arná torthaiset isnaib sechtaib hi tuitet enech cáich, Críth G. 303. i mbí toirm cech thempuil, Fél. May 10. cairm indom-acca ?, ScM. § 11.5 . triasand láim a mbaí an scíath, BDD² 1511. i mbiat smachta ni biat caiche ; i mbiat caiche ni biat smachta `where the requisites commanded by law are observed there are no penalties ...,' Laws iv 70.3 . cā háit a bfuil an fear feasa, Feis Tighe Chonáin 811. In Mod. Ir. on the analogy of the other prepp. i n- came sometimes to be folld. by the demonstr. particle: tuar neith ina dtú tacha | bheith gan bhú ..., Dán Dé vii 3. cath ... inar' thuitetar sochaidhi, RC xvii 377.22 . an dara halt 'na gcuirthear i gcéill ..., TSh. p. 13. (cf. san áit i bhfuil do thriall, TSh. 7137 ). an ait ann ar hiomchuibhthe an urnaighthe do dheanamh in which it were fittest, Luc. Fid. 73.1 . In Mod. Ir. also, i n-+ro frequently appears as ar : a thruaill chriadh-sa ar cuireadh mé, Dán Dé xi 4. áit ar marbhadh C., Keat. iii 2545. In the O. Ir. glosses the form of the prep. before ro was (h)i. Later in came to be used : irrufollnastar, Wb. 13b29 . hi roba, Ml. 62a13 . hi roṡoithe, Sg. 73a11 ; but : in ro lád, TBFr. 307. With neg. rel. : ainmnetach ret ... cride rig nime in nach dortai in doman ... i fudomnuibh pian `in that He doth not ...', Ériu ii 118 § 56. in gach uile ní 'snach cuirthear lá `in quibus dies non ponitur', TSh. 5175. trí neithe ... is nach raibhe an Tighearna, 9859 .

Before cach, cech : in glosses (h)i, later somet. in : i cach réit, Wb. 20c11 . hi cach ceniul, Sg. 2a2 . in cech úair, Fél. Dec. 29. in cach coiri, ScM. § 1.12 . in cech áis, PH 7115. in cach thrāth, Hail Brigit § 11. in gach errach, Fen. 286.x . in gach aon-duine, TSh. 2545. in gach en focal, BCC 436.29 . Occasionally is : is gach sochar, TSh. 798.

I Place .

A. Folld. in O.Ir. by dat.

1 Denoting place where (in both abstract and concrete meanings) :

(a) in : i mballaib caích `in everyone's members', Wb. 13d27 . attósa i sslabrid, 23a2 . i bar tolaib marbdib `in your mortal desires', 3b8 . Of an author's works : i nAmbaucu `in Habakkuk', 19b17 . amal donairchet hí fáithib et rofiugrad i rrect et amal asnindedar i ssoscélu, 13a36 . amal bid hi frecndairc no beth `as though he were present', Ml. 24c15 . i n-óen ṡosuth ṡillabe `in one position of a syllable', Sg. 7a3 . air thechtaid cach gutae a guth n-indi, 18a3 . comdire cach fri aroile i nnos chana `every person has equal dīre with another in cāin regulation', BCrólige § 5 . ni lugae mbis ind menme hisin cheill `the thought is no less occupied with the meaning', Mon. Tall. 142.23 . dam ocus tinne in cach coiri, ScM. § 1.12 . secht ndoruis isin bruidin, ib. 11 . bíann n-erbbad impu a mmedón, TBFr. 103. secht mílchoin i slabradaib argait, 33 . ar robōi Fergus fēin isin gliaid sin, ACL iii 5.7 . co facbath fuillecht ┐ eis (.i. lorg) a cos isin cloich, 10.12 . in raibhe i fāistine nó i ttaircetal accaibh ..., RC xxvii 294 § 58. nocho roibe dath nad beith inntib, xxiv 144.5 . uaitne dib i ndath snechta ┐ araile a ndath fhola, D IV 2, fo. 42c14 . adeir Auicenna go ndéntur céd comshuidigud na ndáine ands[n]a ceithri dúilib `that the primary composition of men is of the four elements', O'Gr. Cat. 233.23. go ndingnaid ... foslongport im chellaib `will besiege my churches', BCC 156.7 . a mac bec fein ina laim `leading her little boy by the hand,' Celt. Rev. viii 296.17 . Denoting the possession by anyone of certain qualities or characteristics : furrthain ó gCais san choghnach the chief is sufficient to succour the seed of Cas, IGT Decl. ex. 1125. ní ḟoil ionnod acht ionann `thou art exactly similar,' TD 40 § 2. ionnus gu mbiadh innta an righe do sdiurad `that they may know how to govern the kingdom,' Ériu v 132 § 67. ní raibhe ionnta acht buannadha do ríoghaibh Éireann `they were nothing more than ...,' Keat. ii 5079.

(b) among : a comgraidh isin tuaith `their equals in rank among the laity', BCrólige § 4 n. 3 . fuair a chrochad hi Parthib `met his crucifixion among the Parthians,' Ériu iii 196 § 12. easáonta ... na ndáoineadh ... ina bfuil sé `among whom he is,' v 92.9 .

(c) at, on, upon : hí flid Crist `at Christ's feast', Wb. 9b14 . huare is hi tilchaib ardaib no bitis, Ml. 14a9 . menme isind aurnaigti `mind fixed on prayer,' Mon. Tall. 151.19 . i mmulluch Usnig, Ériu iv 152.15 . Domhnall ... do bhualadh ... do chloidheamh i mbun ordóige, i 102 § 63 . dortad donnfala do shiltin as in aeer i cennaib na curad on to the warriors' heads, viii 26.15 . ro-an a chenn i fertais in charpait, ScM. § 19.7 . robenta corne ina cendaib `tonsures were shorn on their heads,' BColm. 26.6 . a mbun Cart[h]i na nGīall `at the foot of the pillar-stone ...', 72.20 . gelscíath co túagmílaib argait inti, TBC-LL¹ 5211. gemel crūaid i (v.ll. ar, um) coiss a hard fetter on the foot, KMMisc. 270 § 43. i n-erblib ech at the tails of horses, Fen. 66.4 . súil i gcuid mo chomhursan, A. Ó Dálaigh xxviii 5. o smuaintighib ... na mairtirech a crechtaib Crisd `thinking on the wounds', BCC 4.17 . ro baí ballán ... isan adart `on the pillow', Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 7 . i n-imiul in baile on the edge of the town, RC xxvii 292.10 . i mbruach alltorach in tsrotha, CCath. 459. atci buidin moir chuici isin drochat bui tarsin sruth, FDG 715. is file [i] gcois ma-raon ris ` on foot ,' A. Ó Dálaigh lv 5. an chroch ... do Chríosd ... 'gá chrochadh innte, Dán Dé xx 22. is aibind duit, a thuir, ... is aibinn in radarc fuil innud (to a tower), ZCP vi 26.31 . cuirid láimh i seizes : co nachar' lamh nech... lamh do chur ann durst lay hand upon him, RC xix 288 § 225. cuiris lámh i Mochuda ┐ tug ... as an mainistir amach é, Keat. iii 1948.

2 Denoting state or condition in which : hor bi accobur láe nebud dó i nnoidenacht `that he should not be in infancy', Wb. 24d11 . isind inducbáil sin `in that glory', 4c40 . i lláni etargni `in the fulness of knowledge,' 24c6 . ind fir bíis inna suidiu `who is sitting', 13a12 . bíid cach gnim inna thechtu `in its proper order', 13a28 . inna imned-sin i mbiam isind laithiu, Ml. 21c3 . in i comsuidigud fa hi comasndís bíit `in composition or in apposition', Sg. 217a1 . i bar ngnáis-si `in your company', Fél. Ep. 375. dol asa eol a richtaib con `to stray in wolf-shapes', BCrólige § 32 n. 13 . cach ['la] gabal i ssuidiu araile hi sesam `every [other] division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 . conna-ētai focul fort chenn i córai properly , ScM. § 14.7 . ataat inna mbrucc in a state of dejection, BDD² 1282. tusu ad c[h]ollad, ACL iii 234 § 6. minub ina duthracht bes if it be not with good will, Ériu v 20.y . is é timairg for cech eclais co raib a durrthech ┐ a relec hi nglaine `to have its oratory and its burial-ground purified', i 219 § 6 . fororbart a cland-side ... co mbatar i mmílib so that they were thousands, LL 649 . tainic ... i n-uaite ṡloig `with a small company', Fen. 144.y . do bhī in Pelagius sin ... a nāemthacht foirbthe ┐ a mbethaid inmolta, ZCP xiii 179.21 . batar a n-itaid ┐ i tart mor, RC xxiv 196.11 . bai sidhe hi cocadh fri Find, xiii 7.z . in duine nach biadh isnna dubhailchibh marbhthacha, Études Celt. i 78.15 . ro bo cinti crīch i mbethaid i n-imḟogus dóib `certain end of life' (taking place of the more usualgen.), Fianaig. 92.29 . a thabairt i rricht feola aili `in the guise of other flesh', TTebe 1861 . bu gairid bía ad bethaid risna cathaib, 1030 . ar bhfaicsin Críost i gcruth bháis, DDána 16 § 5. cor fhoscail C. C. a suile ... ┐ e 'sa mbas `and he dying', BCC 414.3 . gach mac ... | dá raibhe i n-aois an airdríogh, Studies 1934, 90 § 22 . 'san luas na ttreigfitt as quickly as , BNnÉ 148.25 .

With poss. before certain vnn. : comtha ... ad lenamain, Prolegomena 27 n. 2 . an tṡlat oile 'na adrad the other youth worshipping him, ZCP viii 563 § 28. ion bhur lenmhuin, ML² 331. as-bert fria ina sloindiud `as he named himself (?)', BDD² 47.

3 Denoting manner in which : by means of, through, by : direnar hi comdire ... fri grada ecalsa `is paid for by equal dīre with the church grades', BCrólige § 7. nad airnaidet a tir ina frithfoltaib coirib `who does not sustain his land by performing the proper corresponding duties', § 16. ailid cac otrus a arag hi coraib bel `every sick-maintenance entails its binding by contracts', § 55. i mbommannaib arberad bith ind lítain a cuid uli `he used to consume all his portion of porridge in morsels', Mon. Tall. 135.9 . Cairbre ... do mharbhadh i bhfeill by treachery, Ériu i 101 § 55. forbhfáiltigter : an radhorc a ndath uaine, an t-eistecht a bhfoghor éttrom `gratification is afforded: to the sight, by the colour of green ; to the hearing, by a `light' sound', O'Gr. Cat. 277.27. rofersum failti friu ina n-anmannaib uadéin by their own names, D IV 2, fo. 45c5 .

4 Apposition.

A noun in apposition may be preceded by the prep. i n- (governing dat.) + poss. This was a development of the older use of the dat. without prep., e.g. is bés dúibsi far n-Ultaib, ScM. § 9.4 . ro bámarni .xu. feraib ┐ ar cúic súili déc desa do chaechad dó, BDD² 1130 and note. Hence with prep. : dúinni nar nUltaib, LU 4637. is bés dúibsi in far n-Ultaib, LL 112by . cid ma ta in mhorc[h]oinne seo acaibh in bhar nGeistedhaibh why have ye, Gesteda, ..., Ériu v 148.56 . dobudh nár dhúinn ionur ttríar Ulltach `to us three Ultonians', RC xxix 112 § 7. ní iomdha dhúnn i n-ar ndaoinibh `not many of us men ...', Dán Dé xii 1. do bhríogh gurab ennádúir amháin dhiadha gan roinn atá ionnta na ttriúr, Ó Héodhusa 25.5.

5 In predicates

(i) with subst. verb : itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra, ACL iii 239 § 34. 'na bidbuid no go mbí fear until a man is an enemy, Ériu iv 212 § 2. dia mbadh mo chomairli-si do gneithi ann ... is 'na chath no biadh, Leb. Gab.(i) 252.23 . do bī 'n-a adhbar rīg, ML² 30. Feidhlimid mac Toirdelbaig ... ina Húa Conchubuir `... was the Húa Conchobair', Maund. 6. tét sé a comlaidir sin ... co mbí sé 'na uiscci mhilis .xx. míle 'sa fairrcci móir (of the Danube), 7 . is dearbh go bhfuilim-se im dhuine shomharbhtha, TSh. 143.

(ii) with other verbs : tanic in mac i n-a aenur, RC v 199 § 6. doberad ingen prinnsa da muindtir fein dam ina mnái, Maund. 47. tanac-sa im baidb buaidertha `I came a troubled ghost', TTebe 1899 . tarla ... an mac ... 'n-a dhalta foghluma ag Ciarán ar tí bheith 'n-a mhanach, Keat. iii 826.

6 After verbs of dividing, changing, putting, ending, etc. somet. folld. by dat. (but see infra B. 4) : trí traigid .x. a [a]ircha[e] ara rorandathar bés a thige indi, Críth G. 105. i nniarcomrucc ... forcenda ollbairdne, IT iii 11.2 . do-roinded a chorp i cethri blogaib, PH 1856. rocúmscaig i ndelbaib brechtnaib, 1740 . gur claechló an t-ór ina ghran ... eorna, BNnÉ 233.9 . timarcad i llige chro `after he has been forced into blood-lying', BCrólige § 1 n. 1 . aca cur hi cís ┐ a foghnam dermar, ZCP xi 65.10 . do c[h]uiredur insna reachtuibh-si mē, Feis Tighe Chonáin 437. nár chuirthe seadh sna sealbhaibh saoghalta, TSh. 364.

7 Various abstract meanings.

in the matter of, in respect to, in regard to : adib éolig and `ye are knowing therein,' Wb. 26b12 . cosmili fri Adam ngnímaib et accobraib, 13d12 . aní i táa cuntubart libsi `that as to which there is doubt among you', 13a35 . ar nebmóidem hi magistrib `our not boasting as to masters', 8d26 . i ndiad nach aili aridfe(i)t i llugu over whom he takes precedence in swearing, Críth G. 42. annsom i n-otrus la Fēne `most difficult in regard to nursing', BCrólige § 15. brithem eola(i) i mbiadaib `a judge who is knowledgeable about refections', § 31. ni fil bríg laisiom hisind accobar sin `he considers that such desire is no great matter', Mon. Tall. 151.13 . rosuidiged cutramas eneclainde ... isna bechaib `equal honor-price was fixed for the bees', Laws iv 200.8 Comm. i pendit ind áosae galrich `in the case of penance laid on sickly persons,' Mon. Tall. 146.27 . indat mebhair-siu ... isna airigthib gascid, TBC-LL¹ 3552. nīmda cuimcech-sa hi suidiu I am not capable of that, ZCP viii 310.11 . do agra Fechín isin saer `to expostulate with F. about the wright', RC xii 346 § 39. a n-abar ann dámadh fíor if what is said in this regard be true, Dán Dé xxvi 17. gurab eigin don liaigh éolus do bheith aige i naduir na heaslainte-si, 23 K 42, 186.3 .

according to : nach fer ... folongar i fenechus `who is being maintained according to native law', BCrólige § 22. rocoraidhid ... cách fo gradaib ┐ i ndanaib ┐ a ndligemnus `everyone was seated according to rank, profession and lawful claim', Ériu v 234.35 . a fīraicned screptra ┐ chuibsi according to the true nature of scripture and conscience, i 214.6 . adeir N. 'na ugdaras fēin on his own authority, ZCP xiii 181.20 .

instead of, in compensation for : inni uil do chach ... i crolige bais d'fertain air `that which is due to each for inflicting a mortal blood-lying upon him', BCrólige § 1 n. 6 . eiric in gac gruaid iarna brisidh `wergild for every cheek after it has been broken', § 64 n. 1 . cidh bias isin beoguin `for the life-wound', Laws iv 232.21 . in bur cintaib for your crimes, Anecd. i 44.2 . is olc an t-íc dhamh thu annsna righaibh... do thuit leat a poor compensation for the kings, CF 922. déirc sin (sic leg.) saint `almsgiving instead of greed', Dán Dé xxiv 9. beag an éaraic iarrfa id ghuin, DDána 30 § 16.

in contrast with, as against : is étrum in digal i mméit in pectho `the punishment is light for the greatness of the sin', Ml. 126b6 .

for the purpose of, with a view to : d'imcoimet na mna doberar isin ngnimrad `who is given to do the work', BCrólige § 37 n. 1 . a ndilgud chinad, PH 2993. i comartha dilguda, 3117 . i ndíoghail a athar in revenge for his father, Ériu i 101 § 56. rogabus ben ar eicin. Cid indaragbais ? why did you seize her ?, ZCP xii 362.18 . cf. bat becda fri becdataid, i ndēntar do thol that your will may be done, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 18 § 8.4 . bat tó fri tó[i], i n-étsider aisnēis, ib. 6 .

In expressing the specific extent by which one thing exceeds or falls short of another : to the extent of : corop máa i n-óenṡillaib in comparit, Sg. 40b7 . a nnád foirpret i n-oenṡillaib `when they do not increase by one syllable', 48b5 . teora cethramdin huare aequinocht indid mailliu a tuile ar cach óen laithiu `by which the flood is slower day by day', Thes. ii 14.35 (Bcr.). a coic indid óa (of the moon) `by which it is less', 20.41 . mad i ndib n-uarib deac nammá bas laigu cach mí ..., 10.4 .

8 ann 3 s. dat. m. and n. form of i + pron.

Freq. to be translated there, therein : bid [prec]eptóir cách and `every one will be a teacher there', Wb. 13a13 . maní bé est ánd tuas ┐ mad argumento bes ant, Ml. 14d1 . issed inso nád chumaing ara-n-ísar and ` 'tis this which cannot be found there', Sg. 209b13 . robatar indsin (rectius and-) etir da tráth din ló, RC iii 184.28 . teid Conán onn (=ann), Duan. F. i 67.29 . feirinnsgne sáoi ┐ flaith : an sáoi, an flaith as cóir ann, IGT Introd. 9.7 .

Used predicatively

(i) with subst. verb expressing existence and in identification clauses : ma beith nech and tra labrathar ilbélre `if there be anyone who speaks many languages', Wb. 13a4 . tuc an ingin aithne gurbh 'e righ Eirenn do bí ann, Ériu iii 152 § 6. rofiarfaig Fechin don rigain scéla in claim ┐ ro innis do gur 'uo he Isu ro ui ann, RC xii 344.15 . is é droch-nós do mhothaigh do bheith ann, TSh. 359.

(ii) with other verbs : fagham saor ann dá mbudh eol let me find an artificer who would know, Dán Dé ix 24. is tú thug na haibhne ann | 'sna maighre ar fhud na habhann, vi 38 .

Used pleonastically :

(i) with clauses introduced by áit : Cath Bhealaigh Féile ... áit ar thuit iomad do Mhuimhneachaibh ... ann, Keat. iii 2338.

(ii) anticipating a follg. adv. or adverbial phrase : is and rogab ar tús tes it began in the south, RC xvii 416.24 . is and ata mo chumachta comlai[n]d am chlaidim, TTebe 1309 . is ann batar dá dhuirb isin uisci there were two worms in the water, RC vi 175.44 . = is amlaid: is and ro boí Cu Chulaind iar mbéim dei a lened ┐ in snechta immi, LU 5856 . is and ra buí Finnachta oc imbirt ḟidchilli, LL v 39060 . is ann buí-seom: oc sním irchomail fo Grip, SCano 238 . ? atá ann = atá amlaid, Celtica xii 190 : atá and iarom conid hé ainm in cnuic Forgemen, LU 5830 .

(iii) in a rel. clause expressing identity : as é as faoisidin ann, gerán tuirsech doní an pecach, Mac Aingil 165.10 . is eadh is treas bás ann .i. bás na péine, TSh. 1948. Contrast : issí poetica licentia and tormach inna á , Sg. 31b12 .

B. Folld. in O.Ir. by acc.

1 Denoting place whither : i nníulu `into the clouds', Wb. 25b23 . tri dul isna lucu arda, Ml. 23d23 . dulluid Pátricc o Themuir hi crích Laigen, Thes. ii 241.5 (Ardm.). aratesed b isin sillaib tánaisi `that b should pass into the second syllable,' Sg. 21b9 . corop si cetathe ... hi tech n-óil that she go first, LU 8825. tecmaltar a insce dó hi teora bríathra his statement is gathered into three words, Críth G. 40. a guin inna dí chúlaid, 538 . snáidsiunn in sab slúagach | i sossad n-ard n-óiblech `into the high sparkling station,' Fél. Sept. 21. arna tailctis isa ndún, Trip.² 1464. do ḟeitheam a long ... as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in,' RC xvi 142.6 . cloictheach ... ┐ eoin duba diairme índ ┐ as `passing into and out of it,' xvii 394.32 . ar dhol ionnsa bhfiadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1173. gan dul isin mbelach mbodhba sin, ML² 337. éirg i férmaig Taillten tall, Ériu iv 106.2 . a chroch dhearg i ndeachaidh Íosa, DDána 2 § 15. dat. for acc.: arna digsed i nUlltaib, Ériu viii 175.3 . rachaidh i sosadh aingeal, TSh. 801. téidheadh isteach i bpurgadóir Phádraic, Keat. i 48.65 . ná heirg i slánaibh síotha, TD 15 § 45.

2 Denoting state into which : ar cor hi far selbad-si `into your possession', Wb. 8d26 . dotháod som im muindterus ndé, Mon. Tall. 134.31 . ros-lá i socht na h-Ulto, ScM. § 9.1 . is inna réir tíagait `they submit to him', BDD² 791. dol ina troid `go to fight him', Duan. F. i 79.3 . go ndeach mo chorp i gcaoile, Dán Dé vii 23. do chuaidh i dtarbha don tsagart (of a prayer), L. Cl. A. B., 20.12 . Apparently folld. by dat. : co ndechaidh i muinighin Brighte (? or read mBrighte), RC xxvii 292.y . docuadur a millsi brīathar ┐ a cāine comrāidh re chéile, ZCP vi 105.9 .

3 After words denoting hope, trust, belief, respect, liking, attention, etc., and their opposites: ní intiu fadesin dorecachtar `it was not in themselves they hoped', Ml. 53b11 . do neuch no-dn-eirbea ind `that shall trust in Him', 51b10 . tri chretim i n-Ísu `through belief in Jesus', Wb. 3c2 . gan cás at anam agad `not to care for thy soul', Ériu viii 195 § 4. tuigther dhún ... gurub faill tug 'nar tegmáil `that he has neglected our quarrel', iv 216 § 17 . ni raibh cadhas aige i gcill no i dtuaith `he recked naught of ...,' ZCP iv 398.5 . a menma indeḟeithmech dogrés i nDia, RC ii 400 § 42. in midochus dobi acu annsa tor do cosnum, xix 282 § 212 . uair is iniud ata mo tairisi ┐ ni ha caruit cumachtaig ele, TTebe 3673 . san tsúil ... ná cuir suim (dat.), DDána 8 § 5. déin trocaire orainn do réir ar ndochais ionnad, Parrth. Anma 9.2 . d'egla go ccuirfidhe amharas na bhas, Ó Héodhusa 63.8. dimbríogh do thabhairt san uile ní, TSh. 343. dúil ag duine i gcraos ┐ i ndrúis, 396 .

4 After verbs of changing, putting, dividing, ending the acc. is more common (but see supra A. 6) : cona tintuuth i mbélre n-aill `with their translation into another language', Wb. 13a1 . in tan domberam ar menmain intiu co lleir `when we give our mind to them diligently', Ml. 21a8 . fodailter i cóic libru `is divided into five books', Hib. Min. 46. forceinnfitis anmmann inte `nouns would be ended in it', Sg. 6a6 . co ro-deglad a ndeich renda, PH 1212. gurb i luaithreadh do claochlódhthaoi é, TSh. 300. do chuir sin do thuicsin innti curbé Gaibriel aingil ticced do labairt ris `made her understand ...', Maund. § 126. i n-am cruais dá cur im chúis `will be brought against me in my day of trial', Studies 1933, 140 § 12 .

5 Various abstract meanings.

for, on account of : nimbia durata ind `he will have nothing to give for it', Ml. 57a13 . connabáe níi indid n-ingaba á chocubus `for which his conscience may reprehend him', Wb. 11d8 . i ngabál (sic) lóge `for taking pay', 16d4 . bó i ndéicsin [n-]ind for looking into it, Críth G. 211. ca hindeochad do-bérad in rí forru ind (in punishment) for it, BDD² 196. do-gníth in chomairle hísin ┐ do-bertatar glindi ind di síu ┐ anall on both sides securities were given for it, 421 . esrócartha isan ngním sin | seasca lanamna, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 50. dobértar dā boin 'sa mboin ┐ dā cháirigh 'sa gcāeirig, Fianaig. 72.18 . doté(i)t aitire ar ḟer feras in fuil i córus [n-]othrusa, i mboin (`an aitire goes surety for the man who inflicts the wound for [his due observance of] the rule of sick-maintenance, [i.e.] for a cow [as penalty for non-observance ?]', tr. Ériu xii 83.26 ), Críth G. 53. ainmnetach ret ... cride ... rig nime i nnach dortai in doman ... fudomnuibh pian `in that He doth not ...', Ériu ii 118 § 56. Contrast : tucc buidechus do Día in a tindlaicibh, ZCP xi 128.26 .

Cf. indid Niall ... ro malart since it is N. ..., AU i 438.26 . faelid-sem ... hi nglen luch inna gerchrub, Thes. ii 293.24 ( SP ii ). indid Alend is dún fás, Hail Brigit § 14. inid mo athair ... ortabairsi, BDD² 737. olc i n-a ndligend bás d'fhagbail `for which he deserves', PH 2719.

as (see GOI §249.2 ) : tabeir i taurchreicc céile as a fief for a client, Críth G. 252. fáccaib in .vii. maid mboin ... i fochraic in tíre as payment for the land, 94 . gebtit iudei i n-apid, Wb. 26a8 . dobreatha i n-asgaidh dhó as a gift, TBC-LL¹ p. 367 n. 6 . i llóg a batsi `in payment of his baptism', BColm. 10.17 . dia ndechadh ... iom giolla fo[glamma] i n-Espain `als Lehrling', TBC-LL¹ 5662 (Stowe). ar is īatt robói ana farrad ann a fían a saert[h]a `as his protecting fian', BColm. 94.8 . a screbull a todúsc[th]e as fee for bringing him back to life, ACL iii 226.2 (= i screpall, RC xxvi 370.27 ). gur marbhadh é féin 'na éiric, Ériu i 102 § 63. go dtug Brian fáinne óir ... i n-almsain ar altóir Árda Macha, 82.3 . i comhardha na mīrbaile in token of the miracle, RC xxvii 300.14 . ro íarr a n-impidhe `as a request', Fl. Earls 50.23 . co tarttsat a mbú ... i lón sloigh día n-amhsaibh `as provisions', Hugh Roe 68.14 . dat. i forciull ar cainte `as a testimony of', PH 1576. a n-eisimplair ogachta na hi Muire, D IV 2, fo. 45c37 .

II Time.

1 With nouns of time : (a) with dat. to express point of time, (b) with acc. to express duration.

(a) isind óin uáir, Wb. 25b16 . hi cach láo, 4b21 . hi tossuch, 5c16 . i n-aimsir in tindnacuil-sin, Ml. 55c1 . i n-aínib ┐ domnachaib ┐ chorgasaib, Críth G. 145. isin blíadain, Fél. Prol. 281. fíach n-aidci lúoin do tabairt isind Sathurn, Mon. Tall. 137.3 . isin laithiu i rrogénair, BDD² 111. a láoibh áille `on fine days', Ériu ix 168 § 44. lim congébat sind ló baga, TBC-LL¹ 444. i n-aimsir thēchtai at the prescribed time, Ériu i 218.22 . a[n] nemlabhuirt a n-aimseraibh airithe, v 130 § 47 . i ló an mheasa `on Judgment Day', Dán Dé x 6. re sidi ... ngaithi inn a[i]msir gairb, TTebe 2403 . i ndeireadh bheatha, TSh. 885.

(b) is dia bendachthe isna bithu `He is God, blessed for ever', Wb. 4c4 . ní tremfeidliget immurgu issa suthin `(they) do not endure for ever,' Ml. 21d4 . i flaith Conaire in the course of C.'s reign, BDD² 229.

*1 (With verb) when : inraptar lán[a] a c[h]óic blíadna 'when he was five years old' TBC-I² 537 . hi nglen luch 'when a mouse sticks' Murphy Lyrics 2 § 6 . hi tucu cheist 'when I understand … a problem' ibid . imsa naídiu 'when I was a child' 86 § 5 . imbu macán when He was a small boy Blathm. 90 § 1 . inde-cluinethar ... inden-aici 'when he hears it ... when he sees it' AM 18 § 59 . i mbi 'when it is' CIH ii 529.20 , Pagan Past and Christian Present 26 . Succat a ainm i tubrad 'Succat (was) his name when he was carried off' Thes. ii 308.18 , Ériu lvi 41 n. 58 . 2 ann = then, in that case :

in tan mbís diabol n-airech désa lais is and is aire désa dia n-eper[r] ..., Críth G. 258. is and is rí(g) in tan dodnimmchellat dréchta[i] gíalna[i], 569 . ar fochraic tucustar duine a fearunn ann-sin, Laws iv 136.7 Comm. is and dixit in ben thereupon , ScM. § 3.4 . in tan ro ngabsat na curaig tír, is and robuí Mac Cécht oc béim tened i mBruidin Dá Derga, BDD² 479. is ann sin trá do-luid Conaire íar Slighi Chúalann, 429 . ba forpthi, anōraigthe a lá-sa ar na mirbuilib imdaib-si forcóemnacair and, Ériu ii 196 § 14. cuirid daeine úaisle comurtha ... ara n-aighthib, óir ann is dóig léo fein co ra bíattis uáisle 'sa doman `for then they think ...', Maund. § 158.

Pleonastically after nouns denoting time, when these are used adverbially :

do-luid feachtus n-ann dar aenach mBreg Léith `once upon a time', BDD² 2. a mbūi-seom laa n-and for Bendaib Bairchi one day, Ériu ii 22.5 . luid C. fecht n-aen ann do accalldaim in ríg, RC vi 175.52 .

III With nouns denoting occasion or circumstance : i cach caingin `in every dealing', Wb. 25b5 . isin tsenmim dedenach `in the last call', 13d18 . ar mu sémi-se ... isnaib fochaidib, Ml. 22d1 . foghlaim ad lenph when thou art a child, Ériu v 134 § 82. co mbo ḟortachtaigthid do Pátraic ┐ co mbo dítnith in cach guasacht ┐ co mbo comdídnad iarsna saethraib, ACL iii 10.13 .

IV Frequently forming prepositional and adverbial phrases, e.g. i n-agaid against, opposed to : gē mōr do shluaguibh ... biadh ionn bur n-aghaidh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1907. armad treisiti a nert ind aghaid a namhat, Ériu viii 174.15 .

i cend

(a) against : do scáin in comla 'na cend `the door burst in towards them', Ériu iv 118 § 28. nach tuigit a nguasacht no go tecat lucht innill na sás-sin i n-a cend, PH 7739. coimēirghi na cōig cōigedach i n-a c[h]enn, ML² 1136. ná digis t'aenur | i cenn ríg Temra, SG 365.10 .

(b) as well as, in addition to : cech cúmsanad hi cend a chele, PH 3647. do-chuirfed tuilled i n-a chend, 7730 . cion Eabha i n-aghaidh an Dúilimh | doirbh téarnamh ó théid 'na cheann `when others are added to it', Dán Dé iii 16 .

i cinn at the end of : hi cind nói mblíadan, Ériu iv 94 § 12. conarba luga hí hi cind mis oltás orcc cránai, PH 7210. hi cind Ruis Omna `at the head of ...', BColm. 82.19 . i ndead after : i ndead innanísin, Sg. 1a5 . regad i nbar ndīaid, TBC-I¹ 509. amal atberum i n-ar ndiaid, PH 63. i ndegaid after : cech consain i ndegaid araile, Sg. 7a4 . foraindi ┐ for ar maccaib i n-ar ndegaid, PH 2731. i ndochum towards : ronfáid ... i ndochum n-Iffirn, SR 1856. i ndorus in front of : for-ránaicc ... a ndorus a lis, BDD² 1514. i ndorus do thige, ScM. § 11.5 . ro cing Poimp indorus a pupaill for in eac[h] sin, CCath. 4738. i ndorus Ierusalem, ACL ii 144.22 . suidis Cáilte ar in carn i ndorus in dúin, SG 139.10 . i fochair along with, in the company of : is it fhochair-siu bed-sa, CCellaig 789. am f[h]ochair, ML² 774. i fus here : in slog biid i fus, SR 4537. in tan nad bi Adam hi fos, 1193 . fad gairit bias Cáilte ibhus, SG 139.x . Somet. of this world as opposed to next : na da bethaid iarsa fhognann (MS. ḟogh-) cech iresech i-fhos (MS. i ḟos), PH 3547. do nirt a shúalach i-fhus (leg. i ḟus) i nnert a fhochraice forórda ┐ a bethad suthaine thall, 4674 . i lleth with, in the company of : ní-terpi illed nach áili `thou dost not trust thyself with anyone else', Wb. 1d10 . hóre attá innar leid `because He is with us', 4b11 . Colmān ... im leth `by my side', BColm. 94.23 . dire so fuil i leth inneic is dir do biadh along with what is due ..., BCrólige § 17 n. 4 . i leth fri in regard to, with : batar ... i nilar comperta i lleith re mnaibh ilarda `in many unions with several women', BCrólige § 57 n. 7 . is cinntech i leth fri Dia ┐ ecinntech i leth fria dainib `finite to God, infinite to men' (of the number of the angels). PH 6218. cen co derntar gabail ... i lleth friu `though an attack be not made.in regard to them', BCrólige § 37 n. 2 . iss ed fodera in comrorcu sin dam il-leth frit-sa that caused me to doubt you, MacCongl. 57.6 . i tossuch at the beginning : i tossoc[h] ná epistle, Wb. 14b2 . i tosach nach lae, CCath. 3807. adv. a n-as irchride is hed doralad hi tossuch, Wb. 13d8 . i tús at the beginning : indroet som sochaidi hi tús `at first he had received many', Mon. Tall. 135.17 . i suidiu then, thereat : ro-boí buille dar áo i suidiu, ScM. § 18.4 .

íarthar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. íarthar or dil.ie/27086

n o, m. IGT Decl. p. 54.z .

(a) the back, the further part: in fili i n-íarthur in tige `in the back of the house,' Imr. Brain 47.19 . ... i n-aursain n-íarthair thige, Críth G. 217. tainic in nait[h]ir nemhnach a hiartar na huama ... co ndeilbh torathair o híartar co hóirther `issued from the depth of the cave ... of the appearance of a monster from head to tail,' Celt. Rev. vii 110. 20 - 23 . is a íarthur carpait ro lád co n-óenláim, LU 4813. bánsuile mora a n-i.¤ cind, Acall. 1871 n . do lár a grúade a hiathor a clocaind, LU 6455 ( a iarthor, TBC-LL¹ 2604 ). gherrus leth iarthair in duine ┐ dogní munterus fria n-aichthib `that bite the back parts of a man, while they pretend friendship to his face,' PH 7703. uacca ... da corp iar n-íarthur, oen chenn sair, AU i 188.7 . dorn leithet a crai a niarthur `a fist being the breadth of its fork behind' (of a pig), Laws ii 238.15 . glossed: .i. itir a da cois tona, 240.4 . Of the pelican: tré ghuin a iathair uasnaig (tre ghuin iathair asnaig, A IV 3, p. 640 ) | biathaid d'fuil in t-énach sain `from that wound within her opened breast ...' (? leg.: tré ghuin iathair a asnaig of the innermost part of her breast ?), O'Gr. Cat. 461.17.

(b) the west, the western part: is (leg. assa, Ed.) airthiur inda iarthur ┐ asa tuaisciurt inda deiscert from the east to the west of it and from the north to the south, Mon. Tall. 133.22 . bruden Da-Choca i n-īarthur Midi, ScM. § 1.10 . a n-i.¤ domain otha Greciae ┐ Sceithiae siar co hIndsi Orcc ..., TBC-LL¹ p. 722 n. 1 . rígan iarthair Elgga, 3109 . is rúam iarthair betha | Glenn dálach dá locha `the cemetery of the west of the world is multitudinous Glendalough,' Fél. Prol. 195. naim íarthair in domain dano i n-iarthur in tire cetna, LU 1973. fir ind iarthair ┐ ind fhunid, PH 5385. in locharnn loinnerdai ro inṡorchaig i.¤ mbetha .i. sanctus Patricius , ACL iii 8 § 2. iter in muir nIond iar n-airthiur ┐ muir nEig ar n-iarthur, TTebe 2605 . In pl., the western regions: Magh Foithin sna hIartharaibh `in the west,' Keat. ii 1838

the people living in the west: la hEoganacht Lacha Lein ... ocus la iartur Erend ar cena, Cog. 32.6 .

? By dissimilation, íathar: íathar, IGT Decl. p. 55.1 . fir tarla a mbun a mbríathar | d'í.¤ Banbha, IGT Decl. ex. 453 . is tréigthe ar iathaibh as fhearr | sléibhte iathair na hÉireann, DDána 74 § 43. Irrus iarthar innsi Fáil, O'Gr. Cat. 332.23. (iathar, MS.)

COMPDS. (íathar)-chró (cró fold, enclosure): ar feadh iatharchraoi Fhéidhlim, DDána 117 § 51. ¤desscert the south-western part: i cinn sleibi uraird Isper iarthairdeiscirt Afraicthi, IT ii2 108.18 . iartardesscert in domain o Easpain aníar, CCath. 116. ¤desscertach south-western: isin leth īarthardescertaig, MacCongl. 55.15 . ¤thuaiscert the north-western part: hi n-hUib Amalgada i n-iartartuasciurt Connact, Trip. ii 420.31 . oclaich ... na n-insi ┐ airir inn occiain fuineta ┐ iarthartuaiscirt an talman, CCath. 5373. The follg. exx., in spite of the inflexion of íarthar, may also belong here, the slender -r being modelled on exx. such as iarthairdeiscirt, IT ii2 108.18 , above, where it may be due to the quality of the initial d: da laím thidnaicthi ratha ... iarthair thuascirt in domain, TBC-LL¹ 3770. Brian mac Cenneitigh ... August iartair tuaisceirt Eorpa uile, AU i 532.17 .

1 inis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 inis or dil.ie/28744
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: inis, insi, indsi, indse, insi, innsi, indsi, inse, índis, inse, inseo, insi, insi, indsi, inis, indsi, inse, inseda, innseadha, insi, insiu, indse, inseadha, inse, insi, innsi, indsedh, inseadh, insib, innsib, indsibh, innsibh, insedhaib, innseadhaibh, insibh, inis, nInis

n ī, f. In Mid and Mod. Ir. freq. inflected in pl. as dental stem. n s. inis, Corm. Y 744. Imr. Brain § 4. LL 13a31 . insi, Anecd. i 1.4 . Laws i 16.12 LL 13a20 . indsi, Anecd. i 1.7 . indse, Metr. Dinds. iv 92.15 . a s. insi, Imr. Brain § 61 . LU 3358. innsi, Lat. Lives 107.8 . indsi, Laws i 78.12 . Anecd. i 1.7 . inse, Thes. ii 299.7 ( Hy. I pref. ). LL 181a38 . índis, LL 395a31 . g s. inse, Thes. ii 241.18 (Ardm.). Imr. Brain § 61. Fél. July 7 . inseo, Thes. ii 241.18 (Ardm.). indse, LU 3356. insi, Trip.² 2427. LU 9150. d s. insi, SR 4008. LU 3379. indsi, Anecd. i 1.6 . SR 4009. Laws i 12.z Comm. inis, Anecd. i 1.3 . Fél. Aug. 8. Laws i 16.6 (sic leg., Stokes, Laws Crit. p. 22 ). Acall. 6558. n p. indsi, IT i 190.31 . inse, Todd Lect. vi 2.13 . inseda, Cog. 140.3 . innseadha, AFM i 564.6 . a p. insi, Ml. 89d18 . Trip.² 2424 ( insiu , v.l.). indse, Alex. 884. inseadha, Keat. i 200.59 . g p. inse, Ml. 89d18 . Imr. Brain § 25. insi, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912, xxv 439 § 7 . innsi, AU i 512.x . indsedh, i 490.13 . inseadh, TD 20 § 49. d p. for insib , Thes. ii 299.15 . innsib, 312.1 ( Hy. II ). indsibh, SR 3396. innsibh, Aithd. D. 29 § 18. insedhaib, SG 64.x . innseadhaibh, Dán Dé xxviii 39. insibh, AFM iii 326.x . n du. di inis , ZCP i 420 § 183. See IGT Decl. § 150.11 and KZ xxviii 146 § 3.

an island (very common in place names, see Hog. Onom., Indexes to FM., AU, etc.). i.¤ ab insula , Corm. Y 744. inis .i. nesos graece, insola interpretatur , O'Mulc. 734. cen muir dia etarscarad fo chosmailius n-inse, Ml. 89d18 . lasinn uile talmuin ón file im na insi imacuairdd, ib. dul for insib mara immach, Thes. ii 299.15 . muchatócc inse fáil augustín inseo bicae, 241.18 . immeraad in n-i.¤ immecúairt, Imr. Brain § 61. Manandān mac Lir, cendaighe amra robūi a nI.¤ Manann, Corm. Y 896. Máel-rúain ... grían án inse Góidel, Fél. July 7 . maicc Nessáin ónd i.¤ , Fél. March 15. corogab tir ... | i n-insi Deprofane, SR 4008. i n-insib i mmedón in mara tened, LU 2193. ingen ríg Insi Fer Falga, 9150 . la tri cenela saera randsat in indsi so, Laws i 78.12 . muirinis mara ina beir ceathra (one of the places into which distress is not taken), iv 6.10 . Siuchraidh mac Loduir iarla Innsi orcc of the Orkney Islands, AU i 532.10 . a n-indsib Orcc ┐ Catt 'Orkneys and Shetlands' Celtica xiii 4 , Peritia xii 315 n. 85 . Ragnall mac Gothraidh, rí na n-innsi `Lord of the Isles' (i.e. of the Hebrides), 512.x , Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig i 14 . rí Innsi Gall, AU 989.4 . a hInnsib Gall, CMT² 38 § 51 . tri longa do longaibh Gall na n-Innsi do shlat do Ulltaibh, ii 58.17 . inghion Rígh innsi Fionnghall, Caithr. CC 24 . a hinsib Mod muirech `sea-girt islands of Mod' (i.e. the islands in Clew Bay), Metr. Dinds. iii 408.5 . as na hindsib .i. a Créit, a Cicir, a Sicil, a Corsic, PH 5388. atat di i.¤ a fudomhuin in mara sin, ZCP i 420 § 183. Cathal ... do mharbadh la Cénel Eogain na hInnsi (i.e. of Inishowen), ALC i 70.10 . an bhréiginsi lér fhaoi Art (of Ireland), Studies 1921, 75 § 18 . dá ghimhis don ghoirmṠinainnsi | uman n-i.¤ adhmholaimsi, IGT Decl. ex. 1395. for insedhibh uisccidhe no for olénibh mara, Hugh Roe 178.14 . As nom. loc. Ennis, co. Clare: dá bhrághaid uaim i nInis , DDána 77 § 1. mainistir Inse i ttuadhmhumhain, AFM iii 326.6 .

an island (often artificial) used as a storehouse or fort: 'na duinib trénaib daingnib | inna indsib eradblib, SR 3396. daroclasa a n-indsi ┐ a nduini ┐ a ndingnada, BB 500b35 . ni chumdaigem mura na paláti na tegdaise rígda na indse for uscib, Alex. 884. ro daingnit leis ... dúin ocus daingni ocus inseda, Cog. 140.3 . M. ... do indradh Condacht ┐ do thoghail a híndseadh `M. harried Connaught and destroyed its (artificial) islands,' RC xvii 344.13 .

In many poetic names of Ireland , e.g. rannsadar a maic ... | i.¤ n-Airt, Metr. Dinds. ii 38.46 . i.¤ Bhanbha na ttrí ttonn | do ṡlonn sí trí hanma sin, IGT Decl. ex. 1152. mór antrom inse Banbha, Keat. Poems 981. i.¤ Bhreagh, TD 1 § 2. i.¤ Ealga, eadhon, oiléan uasal, Keat. i 98.23 . go hi.¤ aoibhinn Ealga, Keat. Poems 10. Gnia ... cenn crabhaidh insi hEmhir, AFM i 514.20 . tilid Éirinn gan ainimh | a héineing d'I.¤ Ḟuinidh `they rule Ireland without reproach, from one corner to the western land,' TD 10 § 11. cid mesc lib coirm inse Fáil, IT i 133.1 . is ferr d'andrib Inse Fáil, Metr. Dinds. iii 202.45 . an seachtmhadh hainm (i.e. of Ireland), I.¤ Fáil, Keat. i 100.52 . fata srúm gimhsi gach gille | ag súr Innsi finne Fáil, IGT Decl. ex. 1405. ar fhud Innse Laoghaire, DDána 77 § 8. an ceud ainm tugadh ar Éirinn, I.¤ na bhfiodhbhadh, eadhon, oiléan na gcoillteadh, Keat. i 96.11 . an t-ochtmhadh hainm, Muicinis, 100.66 .

1 orc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 orc or dil.ie/33948
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: orc, arc

n o, m. orc arc, IGT Dec. § 96.3 . arc a cró coimideach (: smacht), IGT Decl. ex. 837.

(a) a young pig (archaic and poetic): cumlachtaid nomen do orc muice, Corm. Y 306. orc .i. muc, O'Dav. 1308. orc (.i. banb), ACL iii 310 § 5 (B. na. f.). torc .vii. mbliadna . . . o ro [bo] orc becc, FB 9 (= oro léorc, LU 8119 ). orcc cránai, PH 7211. ni horta laeg . . . ní horta uan nā orc, LL 374c28 . ní harc a ccró chomhoidheach a pig in a neighbour's stye (= someth. in the wrong place), IGT Dec. ex. 1752. oircc peata .i. in peta ro bi ina urc, Laws iv 108.18 . an t-arc nár fhás, Irish Texts i 27 § 19 . taisec[h] na n-orc | nocharb e in t-arc, Irish Texts i 27 § 20 . i dteach moghaidh ... dár bhuidhean cat is arc is óinseach, Ó Bruad. ii 224 . i cru isil uirc, O'Dav. 1368 . pl. ní tíaghad oirc nā huain a comingaire, Laws iv 100.6 . nai n-oirc firenna, Tromd. Guaire 622. foxla [séig] orcu ┐cerca, O'Dav. 1480. meas dímhór . . . coro mheth orca na n-orc, AFM ii 834 z (expld. in note as `the last pigs farrowed'). eistrecht na n-arc, Irish Texts i 28 § 29 . Fig. as names of vowels in a species of Ogham (muc-ogam): orc a cru finni (a), orc a cru lēithi (o), etc., Auraic. 5674.

(b) of the young of other animals: orc trēith .i. ainm do mac righ . . . Oenach n-uirc trēith .i. biadh ┐ edach loghmar, etc., Corm. Y 1018 (see 2 tríath). See 2 orc.

(c) Fig., of children : im chrú nochar fhuirigh aonarc 'no young one has stayed in my house', Giolla Brighde 220 § 28 . rob é a huan-orc Rí na ríogh her young lamb, Dán Dé xxvi 8 (of the infant Christ).

As npr. m. or sobriquet: Orc allaid O Rúadhachán, ALC i 40.4 . E. do marbad don Urc .H. Ruadacan, AU 1030.

2 orc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 orc or dil.ie/33949
Last Revised: 2013

n cf. 3 erc a salmon orcc nomen do bradan unde dixit . . . orc brec bronnfind bruchtas do magar fo muirib, Corm. Y 1018 ( Anecd. v 87.4 ) = oirc brec, ib. (88.10) ; perh. same as 1 orc (b) but see Études Celt. xxiii 49 , LEIA O-28 .

orcda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. orcda or dil.ie/50440
Last Revised: 2019

adj io, iā (1 orc) of or belonging to a young pig : cidh dorala dhuit? ... Orcc allaith ... Bid Lugaid Orccdhai (Oirci, Orcde, v.ll.) th'ainm 'what did you meet? ... a wild young pig ... Lugaid Orcda will be your name', Cóir Anm.² ii 22 § 72 = Lugaid Orc (Torc, Orca, v.ll.), Cóir Anm.² i 102 § 104 . See also orcde.

trét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. trét or dil.ie/41842
Last Revised: 2019

n o, m. IGT Decl. § 62.

(a) flock, herd: orcc conranda cindta fri tret `a small pig that shares the fines with the herd,' Laws iv 108.8 . cé thúirtir a thréta `if his flocks are scrutinized,' Fél. Prol. 230 . dobert secht multu úade | a t.¤ ni-s-dígaib al-lín, Lib. Hymn. 118.72 . atchíat tréta móra di chairib inti .i. t.¤ dub ... ┐ tret gel, LU 1728 . na treoit chairach, SR 2961 . cen tróetu (leg. treótu ?) muc for oenróen, 5650 . scailfidir in tret co glé, 7715 . truid .i. ōn treōd i mbī asberad, Corm. Y 1236 . teit din fo thrédu Gargán, PH 7227 . mo lennán mo thoga tréoit, IT iii 498 § 11 . is iat treda bís oc an edpairt, LB 257a87 . do rithus a Témraig na tréd, Acall. 7365 . treóid mhalla táinte troma, IGT Decl. ex. 968 . caora as gach tréid (form ?), Keat. iii 628.

(b) host, band (of people): do Chloinn Néill don tréad taoibhgheal 'of the Sons of Niall from amongst the white-sided troop', Giolla Brighde 86 § 16 ​​​. tréd do ba shaoire re saighidh `a community, the noblest for the onset,' O'Gr. Cat. 472.5. tréad is éadána ar ḟilidh `a company most modest towards poets,' TD 42.3 . tréad dob uamhain d'iongabháil `a band dangerous to oppose,' 26.33 . tréad féinneadh gan cruas um chradh, Keat. ii 1525.

1 úar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 úar or dil.ie/42762
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: úa

adj o-ā (later also with prothetic f-) fúar úa, IGT, Decl. § 96.23 .

I

(a) cold, cool : is húar allaa nísiu, ZCP viii 175 . a ttosach oidhche fúaire, Duan. F. ii 70 § 17 . gach adhaigh uar, Dán Dé iv 15 . Feabra fúar, IGT, Decl. ex. 84 . do bhí an aimsear fuár, John xviii 18 . san aimsir fhuair, L. Cl. A. B. 164.70 . madh fuar am na hIairmhéirghe, Dán Dé xxviii 37 . is hé sain int-aear huar, SR 109 . Ri dorigne aéar n-uar, 313 . dar aer n-úar, 7932 . isin aher n-úar, 7936 . rith ... | ind aeor uair uscide, 40 . Ri c(ria)thras usce n-an, n-úar | for iathmass na n-al n-ollmuad, 41 . Ri thuc doib sruam usci uair, 4629 . Ri robennach ... | na secht lestru usci úair, 7602 . cupán duisge ḟúar, Matthew x 42 . immun n-usce n-uar, SR 3763 . tar gormṡáile n-úar (: túar), IGT, Decl. ex. 638 . tar in ffairrge ffúair, Duan. F. ii 40 § 34. uar cech ler, MR 48.3 . fogar esa uair ra hall, SG 366.12 . ardomneat anfud uar | fri uar fairrci duilgi fál, 235.27 . mun eo fhuar, 24.25 . ó bhonnaibh craobh n-uar n-iobhair, Ir. Monthly 1919, 226.18 ( DDána p. 332 ). i n-áit ḟuair, Corp. Astron. 34z . i dtalamh ḟuar, 52.6 . mur uisge a beól (v.l. mbéol) úar eisci, IGT, Decl. ex. 1081 . imdadh úar (v.l. fuar, ḟúar), ex. 541 . is amlaidh bói an inis, ┐ secht ccosa fúara fuithe, BNnÉ 90 § 194 . is é is cáilidheacht dí (sc. the moon) [a bheith] fuar, Corp. Astron. 88 § 32 . uaraib adbaib, `in cold dwellings,' Auraic. 5585 . a dhá chaomthach re feadh bfaghla | cáolshruth sean is adhbha fhúar, Studies 1919, 75.21 . fúar liom an adhaighsi dh'Aodh, 1921, 417.1 . Adv.: sul bheas mo rosg go fann fuar, A. Ó Dálaigh xli 12 . a rí thuc Emain co húar | iarna dedail ria deg-shlúag, `that broughtest E. to desolation' Metr. Dinds. iv 130.105 (cf. c, below).

(b) freq. as epithet of wine, etc., cool, refreshing : fín fúar finnmer, IGT, Decl. ex. 184 - 5 . ibhe thunnaill bfíonduinn bfúair, ex. 520 . fíon fuar finngheal, Ir. Monthly 1920, 166.31 ( DDána p. 397 ). tulach na bhfíon bhfuar, A. Ó Dálaigh lii 48 . mór bhfleadhtunna bhfúar, IGT, Decl. ex. 1088 . ar Mac L. na bhfleadh bhfuar, Ériu i 98.26 .

(c) of places, freq. in sense bleak, unfriendly : fuaramar tir n-uar n-aiṅbtech, SR 4681 . i Lundain ḟuair allmhardha, TD 36.7 . is cosmhuil ré Beinn ḟuair Éadair | gruaim Í Ghrádaigh, 34.22 . a chuit ar ṡléibh úair Ealpa | fúair ..., IGT, Decl. ex. 296 . do mnai na n-airer nad uar, ZCP xiv 161.15 . i nOcha fhúar, L. Cl. A. B. 117.61 . budh fuar do dhruim a ndéanann | ráth séadChruachan ... | fa éadnuachar ... nGaillmhe, `his own deeds shall make comfortless the rich castle,' Ir. Monthly 1921, 329.18 ( DDána p. 303 ).

Cf. also Metr. Dinds. iv 130 , cited above.

(d) esp. of hell : Ri dofuc brait hIffirn uair | a pein, ..., SR 7777 . teach fuar an-aoibhinn Ifrinn, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxv 5 . i nIfearn fhuar, Dán Dé xxvii 8 .

(e) of pain : i píanaib úaraib Iffirn, SR 8330 . uara idna `cold pangs' ( shivering fits ? ) etym. gl. on Aedh Uaridhnach, Cóir Anm. 121 .

(f) of weapons : lann ḟúar ḟéinidh Ch. ..., IGT, Decl. ex. 1085 . budh iomdha colg fuar is fagha, TD 16.66 . do marbhadh M. d'arm uar, Dán Dé xxvi 49 . Cf. Eochaid Uarches .i. úar-ghaiech nam cess gai dicitur , Cóir Anm. 30 (see also úarchess below under Compds.).

(g) of clothing : i croicnib hūaraib, ZCP vii 498 .

(h) of persons, in uncomplimentary sense, implying coldness of disposition, sometimes = cruel (see Compds., below): brissiud cride úair Aichle, LL 161a49 (= Metr. Dinds. i 46 ). don rachēim rucc Eachtair án | dar' gabh fa gāibh Aichēil ūair, ZCP vi 269 § 10 . an corp fuar-sa i bhfuile a Thríonóid, A. Ó Dálaigh xvii 5 . Étar úar, cruel Metr. Dinds. iii 324.7 ; 326.25 . (fig.) onchu uar airgneach Erend, BB 51a42 (of Tigernán Ó Ruairc). Conall mac Etersgeoil fhuair, Ériu x 81 § 45 . nách fuil tú fuár na té, Rev. iii 15 . gu bfhuile fuar, gan fhonn gan dúthracht, Desiderius 1709 (80) . an uair do bhíodh fuar 'na chrábhadh, 5189 (249) .

(i) in technical legal expression mac húar (lit. cold son), a son who has failed to provide filial service and obedience and so is rendered legally dependent on the father ( GEIL 80 , see Ériu xlvii 195 ) : atait tri mic beoathar la Fene .i. mac huar ┐ mac De ┐ mac ailte. mac huar, as isidhe bis ina hocht i ngnae helotha athar, co n-oponar a lepaith ┐ a apuith, ZCP xiii 23.12

(j) atá (is) fuar fa (imm) is cold, indifferent towards: ag so an tí fa bhfuile fuar, `whom Thou lovest not,' A. Ó Dálaigh xx i . do tholl a thaobh | do chloinn fa a n-athair dob fhuar, `whose love for their Father was cold,' Aithd. D. 63.36 . ná rabh Peadar umam fúar, Studies 1919, 75.22 . do bhuime a rí is truagh nach tuilleam | ná budh fhuar í uman, PBocht 4.20 . gémadh fuar umainn th'aigneadh, Ir. Monthly 1921, 114.18 . nach truagh na trí geallta | ar an tí as fhuar iompa, PBocht 22.12 . ní meise an bráthair nach bí | go fuar im dheaghmháthair nDé, Dán Dé ii 1 . dá mbeath go dtuillinn gan triall | san teach fa bhfuilim go fuar, `for which I feel so little desire,' Aithd. D. 95.13 .

(k) in sense of ineffective, unprofitable, vain (cf. Mod. Ir.: tá sé f. ag, etc.): fuar don dul sa a daltacht the | d'Art Chliach, do Chormac Bhóinne, `vain now is her kindly rearing of Art,' Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 29 § 5 . gach céim sochair | dar áirmheas ar Ulltachaibh ... | ní sochair ḟuara d'Éirinn, `no useless benefits,' Content. xxx 27 . ní hí an tuigse ḟallsa ḟuar | duid-se as dual damh-sa mo dhán, `it is no idle vain idea' A. Ó Dálaigh xxxiv 2 . mo smuaineadh fuar fada ó chéll, Dánta Gr. 63.18 . guidhe na mná bhus dhíon damh-sa | ó tá mo ghníomh fallsa fuar, `ineffective,' A. Ó Dálaigh xliv 11 . idir gach comhrádh fuar, `stupid talk' Content. xvi 93 . muna ndiulta sibh... as th'ughdarás féin go fuar, `vainly' xvi 21 . Cf. acht muna mbeith go gcuala | uait féin it ḟuighlibh fuara, 69 . sgéal fuar ar a bhfionntar bréag | ní cóir a chreideamh go h-éag, `an unlikely tale,' vi 124 . Here perh. belongs: as úar náoidhe an t-iongnadh é, Studies 1919, 72 .

(l) of poetic composition, stately (?): laoithe fuara suadh dhá séisghabháil, Hackett xix 15 .

Of a welcome: rún m'anma, fáoilti nach fúar, Studies 1919. 75 . nírbh í soin an fháilte fhúar, ib.

Compar. and superl.: fuairiu ina sírsnechtu, FA 30 (LB). iss é is fuaire and, uisce an uarain, O'Dav. 669 . (of warriors) as iad ba fuaire ... ris na forgomhaibh `the coolest ... for the thrusts,' ML 132.13 . Compar. with de: ce roib re snechta ┐ re gaith ni fuairidi the colder , YBL 83b10 . ciar' gabthar i ngaethuibh ┐ aigredaib ┐ shnechta ni fuairi-de fris, Ériu ii 114 § 44 .

n II Subst. a cold thing : tri húar fíchte: tipra, muir, núae corma `three cold things that seethe,' Triads 145 (v.l. huara). As name of a spring: Uar ainm a tiprat, Fél. p. 86 . mar uar dom `I am very cold' (a scribal note), Thes. ii xx ( Sg. 114 ). Cf. mor uar dam `woe is me,' Otia i 126 § 22 . As npr. m.: Is Loch nÚair, cía hÚar 'sa loch? | cía díb in t-Úar ronúarchroth?, Metr. Dinds. iv 230 x . airm Uair mheic Th., Ir. Monthly 1921, 331 § 41 (leg. uair-mheic? For the sons of T. cf. Atlantis iv p. 171 ; ZCP xii 241 ff. ).

Compds.:

n (a) with subst.: ¤álach? cóirigter cosair d'úib Ch. ┐ fuarálach d'úib O. `a cold lair' Caithr. Thoirdh. 121.4 (cf. ¤ḟalach). ¤astar a useless journey : fa ríor! is é an fuar-astar | mionca ar dturas dot fhéachain, Dánta Gr. xxxiii 9 . ¤bert a cool garment, i.e. mail (?): slán ann dá súainleabthuibh sróil | fóir Ghall na bhfúairbheartuibh féin, IGT, Decl. ex. 1112 . ¤both f. a hut, habitation, dwelling, bothy, hunting lodge (cf. airboth): andord Andle dia uarbaith, LL 261a31 ( IT i 78 ). tic iarom F. doṅd huarbuid, Corm. Bodl. (s.v. orcc ) = don ḟuarbóith, Thr. Ir. Gl. 34 . don ūarboith, Corm. Y 1018 . Énan na húarbothi, LL 298a43 ( RC xiii 48 )=E. na fuarboithi Lec. facs. 300vb 22 . ro lingsiot an ḟuarbhoth fair captured the hut in which he was AFM v 1794.3 (where f.= fianboith folachtae, ib. 1 ). a ḟuarbhoth oidhche saighnéan, Ir. Monthly 1920, 208.9 ( DDána p. 374 ). ¤chécht a bare plough-share : sía indás uarchécht arathair, Metr. Dinds. iv 138.80 . ¤chess: slúag Banba fo bét 'mon mbress | diarb adba éc is úarchess, Metr. Dinds. iii 370.54 (`death and savagery' v 138 ). co torchair in dáilem diss | la Fergna n-áir-mer n-úairchiss `barbarous,' iv 88.28 . pn As sobriquet: Eocho hÚarches, ZCP viii 303.5 . Eochu uarches, Fen. 26.7 . la hEochaid n-airdirc n-uairces, BB 46bz . Eochaid Uarches ... ceasa uara bádur aigi ina chobhlaighibh, Cóir Anm. 30 . is uime ghairthear Eochaidh Uaircheas dhe .i. ceasa fuara do bhíodh aige mar loingeas, Keat. ii 2242 . ¤chinnsel: fuairchinnsel nach fiu pinginn `dull aspersions' O'Gr. Cat. 556.17 (cf. cendsal, Contribb. ). ¤chioth a cold shower : do sgéith fúair-chioth gach flaithis, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 19 § 32 . ¤chóir: fiu an crannsa clódh fuarchóra `stern justice', Aithd. D. 60.13 . ¤chrábud m. hypocrisy : lucht in fhuarchrabuidh, Lism. L. 4579 , ZCP iv 389.3 . fuar-chrádhbhadh, Donlevy 158.5 . ¤chreitem: tar ēis an fhuar-chreidimh do chur ar gcūl 'after abandoning the false faith', Carswell² 1.9 . ¤chride a cold (unfeeling?) heart : fo chen a scíth búagnigi | ... | úarcraidi taiscea, LU 10352 . ¤chúis: ag iarraidh taise 's budh fuarchúis dáibh `scant cause,' Ó Bruad. iii 224.14 . ¤dúsccad a cold awakening (common in the Annals of surprising the enemy): tuccad fuar-duscad namat for lucht na cathrach isan aidci sin, BB 442a38 . fuardhúsccadh namat do thabairt forra, `gave them a hostile awaking' AFM iv 1242.17 . do radadh uardhúsccadh námhat for an lucht báttar go sóinmheach suanchodaltach, v 1652.8 . dobert uardhúsccadh namhatt for fianlach an bhaile `awoke the soldiers of that town with the sword' vi 2362.4 . ¤errach cold Spring : ba hadud n-aird-grise for fidnaig n-uarerraig Marta mis, Anecd. ii 48z . ní thiobhrainn do chléir cheannaigh | mo chliath fosgaidh fhuairearraigh, Studies 1926, 238 . ¤ḟairrge cold sea : tar sruthrabhartaibh ... na fuar-ḟairrge, ML 46 z . ¤ḟalach (ḟolach) m. a cold hiding-place : amhail chréachtacha 'na gcodladh 'na bhfuar-fhalchaibh ar nach bí cuimhne ó shin amach `in sepulcris' TSh. 4709 . ¤ḟéchain `a lukewarm regard': dá ghaol féin ní fuairfhéaghain, Aithd. D. 65.37 . ¤fiafraige a stupid question : do bferr mo fhreagra go glan, ina bheith leis na fuairḟiafraighthibh sin, Luc. Fid. 367.6 . ¤gam mid-winter (?): isin mís īar n-úargaim (: Brain), ZCP xii 234 § 47 . cf. ic ō[u]l isinn uargaim (: Brain), ZCP ix 338 . ¤gaol sódh fuilngthe gacha fuarghaoil `a disaffected kinsman' Measgra D. 26.62 . ¤grés: firfid cath T. la teora húargrēsu hÚ Māil, ZCP xiii 375.13 . ¤gus: cengait celga úargossa | fri ág erred anglonnach, TBC-I¹ 1693 (in a rosc). ¤ifrenn cold hell : ar n-argain ḟūarifrinn, ZCP viii 206 § 37 . ¤lámach: a thiaghanaigh etigh aitigh uarlamhaigh cold-handed (i.e. inhospitable? ) IT iii 103 § 198 ( Bruchst. § 74 ). ¤ledrad: do fuaratar a bfuair-ledrad, Caithr. Thoirdh. 25z . ¤leitir: créad fá mbeinn re fuairleitribh?, Measgra D. 53.7 . ¤lommann: nī lua úar-lommann fola for úarmírenn crōdai, ZCP xi 85 § 37 . ¤a cold month : gné shéimhlí a aighthe i n-uairmhí, L. Cl. A. B. 217.64 . ? ¤neim: see fúairneim. ¤scailteóc: fuarscaoilteog `a cold winding sheet,' Keat. Poems 356 . ¤scél a silly story, fiction : dobheir fuair-sceul fabhaill leis, Keat. i 62.23 . ¤scoth: dar cend Fhebrat na n-uarscoth, LL 198b19 (`cool flowers' Metr. Dinds. iii 227 ). ¤sioc: adhbha úairsheaca, BS § 45 . ¤sliab a cold mountain : 's is guth adhradh d'fuair-shléibhtibh, Ir. Monthly 1919, 284.13 ( DDána p. 229 ). ¤sreb a cold refreshing stream : fúairsreabh dá hól ag aoighidh, IGT, Decl. ex. 1337 . a n-ibheadh d'fhuair-shreabhaibh, Ir. Monthly 1921, 421.13 ( DDána p. 267 ). ¤sruth a cold stream : fuar-shruth Finne, 68.12 ( DDána p. 315 ). ¤thress a cruel fight : dar Mag nAilbe na n-úarthress, Metr. Dinds. iii 148.12 . ¤thingell deceitful pledge : ó na fuairthinghealltoibh imrighne ettarbhacha no geallta dó, AFM vi 2140.22 . ¤uisce cold water : féar a gcuilt, fuaruisge a bhfleadh, TD 21.9 . teora dabcha úarusci, LU 3794 ( SCC 36 ), 8719 ( FB 54 ). ¤urnaigde (airnaigde) f. lukewarm prayer : fuarurnuighe, Donlevy 390.6 .

adj (b) with adjectives: ¤angbaid cruel and ruthless : dām ifrinn ḟúarangmaid (v.l. úarangbaid), ZCP viii 211 § 56 . ¤choíl cold and narrow : leabaidh fhuar-chaoil dómhain, Keat. Poems 358 . ¤chráibthech hypocritical : drong thógbhálach, fhúar-cráibhtheach, Donlevy 128.15 . ¤chr(a)idech cold-hearted : nipat úarcraidech im chardiu, LU 3493 ( SCC 26 ). ag éisteacht re briathraibh fuar-chraoidheacha, ML 102.3 . do laochaibh fuar-chraoidheacha na h-Aisia, 116.7 . ¤derg cold and red : co Muir nIcht n-uarderg, Rawl. B 502 83a52 . ó fhíon fhuairdhearg, Ir. Monthly 1919, 403.54 ( DDána p. 301 ). ¤fliuch cold and wet : fa chlár ndíllidh bhfuairḟliuch bhFáil, TD 7. 48 . fan gclár bhf., 28.4 . idir dhorchladh bhfúairfhliuch bhfeóir | is confadh úaibhreach aieóir, Studies 1921, 418 . a inis fh., Keat. Poems 1356 . ¤foirfe cool and complete : a mbeirt fhúarfhoirfe iairn, Studies 1921, 418 . ¤glan cold and clear : tofil in matin n-uairgloin, ZCP viii 418.9 . re taeb Eoire uarglaine `the cold-pure Nore,' Fél. p. xxiv . ¤glas cold and green : i n-achadh fhuarghlas Eireann (: dualghas), Studies 1925, 403.1 . ¤idnach: Aed úaridnach, LL 304b44 . Cóir Anm. 121 (where it is variously explained as `cold pangs' or `cold weapons'). ¤lebor cold and long : tonn ... fhuarleabhar, ML 94.16 . ¤mer cold and stimulating : ní d'iarraidh chlú ... | do cheannchaidis fíon fuair-mhear, Ir. Monthly 1921, 374.16 ( DDána p. 258 ). ¤thondach having cold waves : go Loch n-úarthondach aAindind, ZCP viii 220 § 32 .

(c) prefixed to vbs. (rare): ¤chrothaid shivers with cold: andsin romemaid in loch | fosin fedain, ronúarchroth `quaked with cold' Metr. Dinds. iii 462.42 (v.l. ronuacrot; romarbchroth). cía díb in tÚar ronúar-chroth?, `who stirred its cold waters' iv 230 x . Cf.: an Ruachtach ag fuarghol go brónach, O'Rah. xxii 129 .