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1 alt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 alt or dil.ie/3016
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: a., alta, altæ, altu, alta, ailt, a.

n Orig. u, m.? ( cech a.¤ , Ml. 44d2 , but ald n-airge, ACL iii 293.z , cech n-a.¤ ┐ cech n-ága, TTr.² 492 and pass.). g p. -altæ, Corm. Y 41 , alta, RC xv 487 § 1 = altæ, Ériu xix 58 § 1 . Note also a p. altu, Fél. Ep. 323 (alta, v.l.). Later with g s. alta and ailt, n p. id., g p. a.¤ , IGT Decl. § 96 .

I

(a) joint, articulation (in human beings and animals): don a.¤ gl. jugulum, Gild. Lor. 69 gl. 201 . a.¤ día altaib = iunctura membrorum (of a serpent), Aisl. Tond. 109 § 4 . rolaad cach a.¤ asa choir dam gl. ita totus resolutus sum, Ml. 44d2 . mér airindí bīs ina aonar isin a.¤ i mbī, Corm. Y 890 . robīth Cūchulaind co ndec[h]aid a altaib dō so that his joints were dislocated, TBC-I¹ 2962 . For a different use with verbs see below. cach mball ┐ cach n-a.¤ ┐ cach n-ind ┐ cach n-āge, LU 6445 (TBC). lamh airgíd . . . edír mér ┐ a.¤ , BB 32b40 . tri halta atat isin meor, PH 6837 . cen tescud alta na feithe, Laws v 488.5 Comm. ar a.¤ a dhroma, RC xxix 138 § 56 . d'altaibh in droma, Rosa Angl. 98.19 . do benadh a throigh on a.¤ amach do mhac U., AFM vi 1884.15 . an deaslámh do dhol dá ha.¤ , DDána 21a. 22 . Fig. no gur sguch mh'annsa dha ha.¤ `till my heart left its wonted place', Ériu ix 6.55 . cíoch rér tairngeadh a fhíoch dá a.¤ , PBocht 2.4 . Cf. TBC-I¹ 2962 cited above. Occas. perh. limb: an dara dairt . . . / feoil is ailt ar a hionchuibh flesh and limbs are entrusted to it (of an arrow), DDána 78.13 . gan ghoin ag Dia ní fhoil aon-a.¤ / is lia ná soin daonnacht Dé, Dán Dé x 12 , cf. Keating's use of alt, goin below. Note also: chomhdhubh re gúal gach n-ailt dhe o bhonn go a bhathus, RC xxix 114.10 .

(b) Extended applications. Of the socket of a weapon: co tarrla [in sleg] ina ha.¤ . . . féin, Acall. 4905 . ro lingiustar in lann . . . as a altaib ┐ as a imdornnchur, MR 300.9 . Of some part of a sword: da claidim deg co n-altaib, BB 280b15 . tucustar tri tren beimenna do cruadaltaib in claidim `hard knobs', MR 300.24 . Note also: co n-a.¤ imrind, Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 37 . Of curls in hair: i n-earla na n-a.¤ , DDána 91.30 (of a hero).

II In literary contexts.

(a) Used by Keating (Keat., TSh.) of a subdivision of a book (leabhar), with further subdivision goin punctum, see guin, and cf. Dán Dé x 12 cited above. Perh. also in: mé dot ath-ghoin san a.¤-sa, Content. xxiv 4 (`now').

(b) Of the division between the syllables of words: indleas do dhialt . . . air ni fil a.¤ and i.e. it is improper to apply the name of any polysyllable (` recomarc ', etc.) to a `dialt' (monosyllable), inasmuch as there is no a.¤ (juncture) in it, it is a unit, Auraic. 779 , 3582 . a.¤ ┐ dialt ┐ recomarc , O'Dav. 428 . a.¤ in anma prosta in re n-aimsire bis eter in da shillaib a inni, Auraic. 830 . in gne no in cenel int a.¤? Is cenel ecin, ar itat tri gnee fai .i. a.¤ saerda ┐ a.¤ aicenta ┐ a.¤ co feser, 890 . cate esse alta? . . . in toe tengadh fil don filid a[c] ceimniughudh don litir for araili mad a.¤ saerda no don sillaib for araili mad a.¤ aicenta artificial division (within a syllable), natural division (between syllables), 909 .

(c) metre (type of composition?): cia ha.¤ dona seacht n-altaib ind aircetail, Auraic. 925 . domiditer alta uad fri alta duine, 1237 . alta uad, IT iii 128.2 . co fesear cia ha.¤ huad, 3 . ca ha.¤ don maoin nachar mēin? (.i. ca haiste don eladain nachar foghlaim?) (B. na f.), ZCP v 489 § 10 . is dīlsiu don a.¤ airc[h]etail īsiu, Corm. Y 41 . do ṡluind na n-ilaltæ, ib. a.¤ .i. aircetail, O'Dav. 6 . ae a.¤ , 160 . co n-a ollaltaib cen ail (of poets), LL 18266 ( SG 84.44 ).

III Abstract applications.

(a) juncture, point (of time, etc.): ra ha.¤ na h-uaire sin, CRR 18 § 12 . a.¤ in lai sin `this very day', CCath. 5110 . i na.¤ in inaidh-sea `the nick or juncture of this place', 502 (see O'Cl. in (c) below). rob indethbir a gabail do láim a.¤ na huaire sin, O'D. 1588 (H 5.15, 8a).

(b) shape, form: an choill aig eirghe ina ha.¤ féin, BNnÉ 159 § 14 . in n-óige ailt in completeness of form, RC xxxvii 348 § 57 . Cf. Colmán . . . / la hógi a.¤ légend `with perfection of high studies', Fél. Sept. 26 . Luacair ard i toethsat fir / fuithi ata a.¤ in buanfir, Fen. 374.14 . ?tug an tAthair na a.¤ féin / a mhac (`in His stead'), A. Ó Dálaigh viii 3 .

(c) kind, sort: cia haltt delbi, PH 440 . cía ha.¤ con etir, Mer. Uil. 282 . cia ha.¤ dáine cia n-anmand, TFerbe 564 . cia ha.¤ airgne agat?, Metr. Dinds. iv 212.40 . ? ni ha.¤ coindircle maith do denam fria n-aen duin ┐ olc fri cach, YBL 168a14 . a.¤ .i. leithéid. in a.¤ an ionaidhsi .i. a leithéid an ionaidhsi, O'Cl.

(d) state, condition, circumstance: iarom bá halacht in ben / ropo mára.¤ airmiten, LU 4312 . ? nirbu mall marb-a.¤ don mnái, Metr. Dinds. iii 50.23 (` death-dirge '). gillai Chonnacht co caími / dáini ra troma.¤ truagi, TFerbe 626 . lén-a.¤ `sorry plight', Misc. Hag. Hib. 28 § 42 . ? a a.¤ a olcc / a chacht a chorp, IT iii 84 § 75 . Perh. also: créad do ghéandais san a.¤ (: falt) úd `in that case', PBocht 13.41 . Hence in phr. i n-a.¤ with gen. in a position to, able to: ná tathaoir T. / 's gan é i n-a.¤ bhur n-agallmha `as he cannot answer you', Content. iv l . ó taoi-se i n-a.¤ mh'agallmha, v l. gan é i n-a.¤ a agallmha it was impossible to speak to him(?), DDána 100.25 .

(e) way, manner: atat tri altai leusom for ind gabail i.e. they have three ways of chanting the psalms, Mon. Tall. 140.28 (§ 33) . noco n-a.¤ dōib taurcbāil a coss do neachtar de seach araile it is not their way (of two who always kept in step), TBC-I¹ 3312 . a.¤ mog mo coire (.i. is ē so gnīmrad mo coire), Anecd. v 23.5 . is ucht ra mórdílind a.¤ neich mar sein i trad-sa `action of anyone', CRR 40 . is essarcain cind fri hallib a.¤ neich mar sain, 42 . Freq. with prep. FO: nod slaid fón a.¤ cétna in the same manner, LU 3287 ( SCC 8 ). fond a.¤ sin, LL 280a23 ( SG 415.16 ). Also in phr. as cech a.¤ : cóir áli riu as cach a.¤ , LL 374c60 . fuaradar eg as cach a.¤ , MacCarthy 434 § 4 . But see: a Muire, mo bennacht ort | as cech n-alt 'O Mary, my blessing on thee in every part' Ériu xix 13 § 1 . ? a.¤ dár séan an binnse bláth `this brilliant Bench (sc. of justice) hath been our welfare's hinge', Ó Bruad. ii 276.20 .

Very common in chevilles: a.¤ cen imresain, SR 6038 . a.¤ co mbuadhaib, Anecd. i 73 § 215 . ald n-airge, ACL iii 293.z . drong tria a.¤ , IT i 78.31 . cen altu áig, Metr. Dinds. iv 98.91 . aichre a.¤ , Rawl. 148a3 .

Compds. ¤-bisech: th'earla bhíos ag breith ailtbhisigh increasing in length (?), DDána 114.6 . ¤-chaín: mānāis leathanglas fordūal altchāin uindsenn, TBC-I¹ 3346 `on a fair shaft of ash', Faraday. ¤-cháem: dfoghadhaibh altchaémha uinnsionn beautiful ash-handled javelins, AFM vi 2130.4 . ¤-chóir: aenmac altc[h]ōir, RC xxxvii 348 § 60 . ¤-géimnech: alt-gheimnech a n-a. `cracking of their joints', MR 256.20 . ¤-gorm: cloidhme altgorma, CF 880 . ¤-lethan: Echaid a. big-limbed, Fen. 28.22 .

comréim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comréim or dil.ie/11658

 

n (réimm) equal course, rate; contemporaneity : fogelt ┐ bleth do rith ria a coimhreim ris in athgabhail `at the same rate', Laws ii 74.5 Comm. a coimreim atait na .iiii. hernaile sa, O'Curry 1041 ( H 3.18, 435b ). alt ┐ dialt ┐ recomarc i comreim, O'Dav. 428 . Ériu xiii 43.27 . mac . . . a c.¤ re nathair contemporary with, O'D. 756 ( H 3.17, 545 ) = O'Curry 2473 ( Eg. 88, 39b ). fo coimrem ┐ comluas `in the same course', Aen. 995 . bás na deise rem dhul féin / meise gá gcur fa choimhréim `I count as my own death', Magauran 778 . g s. as adj.: gur ob croda . . . comremi bar gcuraid, MR 126.3 .

deach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deach or dil.ie/14810
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: deach, déach, deich, deach, deich, déich, deachaib, deuchu, deochu, deachu

n o, m. A syllable (`dialt') or a combination of syllables up to octosyllables (`bricht') as a metrical unit, a verse-foot . deach .i. siolla, Gloss. no. 1, O'Curry It answers to Lat. pes (rendered by Ir. traig, which latter, however, is not in general use as a metr. term): is traig lasin laitneóir in dech lasin filid, IT iii 129. 1 . BB 327 a 24 . deach dno troich a bunad laiten, BB 321 b 32 . By the native grammarians explained

(a) as de-ḟuach: deach .i. defuach .i. deḟocul. fuach focul .i. comrag focail .i. dialt fri dialt i.e. two words (`fuach' means `word'), i.e. a union of words, namely a syllable with a syllable Corm., s.v. deeach .i. défuach .i. comrac dá sillab .i. traig ┐ cip lín sillab conrísat and iarsin is deeach a ainm beos, H 3.18, 68 a .

(b) as deg-ḟuach: deach... degfuach nó defuach dano a hinni, BB 321 b 32 .—Deach possibly an old derivative of dá (cf. dé-de and dé- in cpds.) and originally applied only to a verse-foot of two syllables ( comrac dá sillab, H 3.18 l.c. ). Deach i.e. disyllabic dĕ-äch with shortening of dē- in hiatus. Mir. déch.

n s. deach: ceist cia cruth suidigthir in deach. ni hansa. nach son oencongbálach dochuissin is dealt a deach. nach son dechongmálach dochuissin is recomrac a deach, ACL i 160. 10 sq. recomarc in deach tánaise iarcomarc in tress deach...bricht in tochtmad deach, Corm. s.v. Thr. Ir. Gl. 16. 4 f.b. sq., ib. 11 f.b. is deach is luigem ar ciatberar déach don dialt ní hirasa (= hirusu) sin, ib. 10 f.b. indles do dhialt deach, BB 321 b 40 . fid ┐ deach letter and verse-foot ib. 321 b 2 . in gné nó in cenél in deach, ib. 322 b 5 . co festar cia deach dona .viii. ndeachaib daroig in aisti, ib. 323 a 4 . deeach H. 3. 18, quoted above. déach: Corm. l.c. 16. 10 f.b. feilis in cethramad déach, ib. 1 f.b.g s. deich: is fotha ṅdeich (sc. in dialt) the dialt is the foundation of `deach' Corm. l.c. 16. 8 f.b. sreatha deich (name of a metre) IT iii 95. 8 f.b.a s. d s. deach: fri fid ┐ deach ┐ réim, &c. LL 37 a 18 . cenmotha fid ┐ deach, IT iii 6 § 3 n. BB 296 b 32 . desmirecht ar gach deach fo leith óthá dialt cotrici bricht, IT iii 20. 18 . dialt ...is aire at berar deach fobíth is fon deach, Corm. l.c. 16. 8 f.b. don deach fil ina dhíaidh .i. in cóiced deach, ib. 17. 5 .—n p. deich (i.e. deïch): ceist cislir deich docuissin BB 327 a 24 . 321 b 38 . IT iii 47. 20 ; 48. 1 . déich: ocht ndéich tra atrímet filid na nGædel, Corm. l.c. 16. 6 f.b.d p. deachaib: is ó dheachaib sluintir alta na nhuad, BB 328 b 21 . deach dona .vii. ndeachaib ele, ib. 321 b 40 isna deachaib, ib. 321 b 35 . ní dlegar dona bardaib eolus i fedaib ná i ndeachaib, O'Dav. 771 . do deachaib, IT iii 20. 18 .—a p. deuchu: genmotha tomus fri fidiu ┐ deuchu, ib. 24. 15 . deochu, BB 321 a 7 . deachu: cenmotha fidu ┐ deachu, IT iii 6. 4 .

díalt, dealt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díalt, dealt or dil.ie/15925

 

Forms: dealt, dialt, dialta, diailt, dealt, dialt, dialta, diailt, dialt, dí-alt

n u and o, n. n s. dealt, ACL i 160 . dialt n-etarléime, Auraic. 1802 . g s. dialta, Lec. 314 . diailt, Corm. Y 447 . d s. Auraic. 1953 , 5362 ? n pl. dealt, dialt, Corm. Y 447 . dialta, ib. diailt, ib. IT iii 7.6 . g pl. dialt, IT iii 10.12 . Analysed by the early glossators as dí-alt jointless , Auraic. 1417 . Corm. Y 447 .

Syllable, monosyllabic word: comrac didiu diailt fri dialt, is ē deach is laigem (sic leg.) the joining of one monosyllable with one other, that is the smallest verse-foot, Corm. Y 447 . recomarc . . . .i. dialt fri dialt, ut est Corb-mac, ib. it choic dialta fuilet a cloīnrē, amail rongab fianamailechar, ib. nach son oencongbalach do-chuissin is dealt a deach, ACL i 160 . fer . . . dialt a diach .i. son oencongbalach cen alt etir, Auraic. 1534 . fer-dialt masculine monosyllable , Auraic. 1828 . deimdialt neuter monosyllable , 1858 .

d.¤ n-etarléime

(a) unstressed syllable (prep. or particle) preceding a stressed word: e, es . . . sech fer a d.¤ n-e. e, es . . . sech fer is the d.¤ n-e.of fer, Auraic. 1803 .

(b) More precisely, in prosody an unstressed monosyllabic word separating two alliterating words, explained as: remshuidigud óenshillaibe eter da chomfhuaim fhidraid, Auraic. 5362 . d.¤ degléime, 2140 .

for-fen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. for-fen or dil.ie/23605
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: forfiun, forfen, farfia, forfiat, forthui, -chui, forruchui, fororba, forfenar, -forbanar, burorbaither, forcuad, farrochuad, foirbthe, forbe, forba, forb-, forbait, forban-

(*fen-, BBCS xxvi 447 ) O.Ir. forms: ind. pres. 1 s. forfiun (gl. anclo = perficio) Sg. 143a4 . 3 s. forfen Ml. 64c2 . pres. subj. 3 s. co farfia (gl. ut ... impleat) 55c16 . 3 pl. forfiat, 23a19 (gl. explicare). pret. 3 s. (with perfective -com-) forthui (leg. -chui) 33a18 . forruchui 121c24 (gl. conficit). Later fororba, Trip.² 355 (34.17) . Pass. pres. s. forfenar, Tur. 45 . -forbanar, Wb. 14d27 . Sg. 148a11 . (perfective) ho burorbaither , Ml. 15a6 (see GOI 379 ; Pedersen Vgl. Gr., l.c. ). perf. s. (with -com-) forcuad Tur. 49 . farrochuad (gl. confecta est), Enchir. Aug. 67b . part. 1 forbaide q.v.; as adj. foirbthe. vn. forbe, forba (later also forbad). Later treated as simple vb., stem forb- (3 pl. pr. forbait, Tec. Corm. xvi 86 ), occas. forban-.

(a) finishes, completes, brings to an end: gl. conficere, consummare, perficere. biid intinnscann ... and ┐ ní forbanar, Sg. 148a11 . forcuad [ó Christ] in gním tindarscain Iohain, Tur. 49 . in crut[h] forcuad crochad Crist, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 12 § 2 . o fororbaí P. a immram (= consummato navigio) Trip. 34.17 (355) . ro fhorbustar tra G. a martra i n-ocht Kalaind Mái, PH 1438 . indiu ... ro forbsatar ... a cath, 1919 . o ro forb ... Achil in ngním-sa, TTr.² 1199 (= ro forp, LL 406b6 ). ríasíu no forbaitáis ... brath na cathrach, TTr.² 1784 . caín cing fororba a ré ended his days LL 132a36 . ... roforbai a bethaid ó gasti = qui sibi laqueo vitam extorsit Lat. Lives 91 . is annsin ... ro forbhanadh an la aca, BNnÉ 24 § 7 . fororbaide laithi inna caínti (= consumpti sunt) Trip.² 1163 . ro thinnscain ... in Félire ann sin ... i Tamlachtain immorro ro forbad, Fél. 10.9 . as les ro tionnscnadh teampal tobair P. ┐ roforbaidh, AFM iii 218.6 . In pass., ends, terminates: cia son in nach forbaider focol ? what sound is it in which no word ends ? Auraic. 253 . ni a nguthagoiph forpaigter they do not end in a vowel-sound 3007 . Intrans.: is i ndialt forbanus duan, BB 297b24 (= forcenda, IT iii 11 § 15 ). a recomarc forbanait, BB 297a47 (= forcennat, IT iii 9 § 10 ).

(b) fulfils, achieves (a duty, task, etc.): suthain cach flaith lasa forbaithear fír, ACL iii 230.146 . ba tria gaisced ... co forbeth a [ḟ]laith fuiltiugh `his ... rule was achieved' Fianaig. 30.12 . fell ḟinghal ná forbat sum orm-sa, MR 304.22 . ? ro orbsat in da Aed a n-imbualad, 244.6 , cf. debaid ro orbsadar de, 246 [ = roḟobairset, -sedar ?]

(c) puts an end to, uses up, destroys (but the following may belong rather to for-ben: ro forbad a fōir is rotoglad Babiloin its garrison was destroyed ZCP iii 19.8 ( Rawl. 74b25 ). L. is C. ... díb ra forbad Flathbertach, LL 130a46 .

4 ré

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 ré or dil.ie/34867

 

n a syllable ? recomarc . . . .i. re-chomrugad [ré-comracud LB] fri araill no re do c[h]omrug frie n-aill .i. dialt fri dialt, Corm. Y 447.10 s.v. deach; i.e. a ` recomarc ' or disyllable is the meeting of one syllable with another? cloenré, is airi asberar cloinre, fobith is . . . cloen ma doberthar um ni, uair it troma a tri oldati a dóu, ib. 15 ; i.e. a word of five syllables is called `cloín-ré' because it is unevenly divided (3 + 2 syllables) as in fianamail-echar, the example given? Possibly an extension of 1 ré ` time, space '.

recomrac, recomarc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. recomrac, recomarc or dil.ie/34922

 

Forms: recomarc, recomraig

n o, m. (compd. of comrac `meeting, juncture') a disyllable : recomarc in deach tanaisi .i. rechomrugad fri araill . . . .i. dialt fri dialt, ut est Corbmac, Corm. Y 447 s.v. deach. dialt ┐ recomarc , O'Dav. 428 . cis lir dech docussin? Ni ansa: a ocht, dialt ┐ recomrac, etc., Auraic. 1214 . recomarc , 1240 . n p. recomraig, 1501 . cetri randa . . . ┐ i recomrac forba cacha rainde, IT iii 7 § 6 (i recomarc , BB). A metre with disyllabic verse-endings : recomarc .i. deṡillabach ina rennaib, is fuire-side daroine Oengus in Félire, Fél. 4.29 (treated as fem.? but the fem. pron. may refer to rinnaird previously mentioned).

1 rind

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 rind or dil.ie/35318
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: rinnd, rind, rind, renda, renna, renna, rindi, rinni, rinna, rínd, rend, rinnib, rennaib, rind, -a, rind, rind, rinn, rinn, gabalrínd

n i, m. n s. in rinnd , Wb. 13d25 (but: rind n-āga, TBC-I¹ 3269 = r.¤ āig, TBC-LL¹ 5330 ; rind n-imgona, TTr.² 828 ). g s. renda, Ériu xiii 74 § 175 . renna, Ériu v 72.23 . n p. renna, TBC-LL¹ 1263 . a p. rindi, Thes. ii 294.15 ( SP iii ). rinni, LU 3363 ( SCC 15 ). ? rinna, LL 328b53 . g p. rínd, BCr. 18d3 . rend, LU 1271 , 6418 ( TBC-I¹ 1903 ), TBC-LL¹ 2562 . rinde, Blathm. 11 . d p. rinnib, LU 10365 . rennaib, 1255 . TBC-LL¹, 1284 . rind m. (g s. n p. -a), IGT Dec. § 41.3 . rind f., § 149.11 .

(a) in general sense, a point, tip, apex : rind scine, Corm. Y 1119 . rind a (no i) crann a point in (of) a shaft , 1105 . rind, gl. cacumen , Ir. Gl. 1008 . rinn `a point', Eg. Gl. 227 ; synon. with corr, adharc, beann, corn, 119 . rinn `an atom, point, spot', 80 . Hence the point (of a weapon or sharp instrument): gl. aculeus, Wb. 13d25 . gabalrínd a pair of compasses (gl. circinus), BCr. 18d3 . rind snáthaite, TBC-LL¹ 4710 . coica bera ar a mbái rind, RC vii 300.157 ( LL. 207a26 ). eter rindi gaí, ZCP xi 84.1 (renna v.l.). tricha sleag ba rúadh reanda, viii 230 § 19 . reanna sleagh, IGT Dec. ex. 1042 . Hence used for a spear or pointed weapon (esp. in pl.): maigen na áigder rindi spear-points , Thes. ii 294.15 . nín-gabat renna nō airm nō faebair, TBC-LL¹ 1263 . ni geibtis renna no il-fhaibair e, Cog. 194.5 . na fir-sea thecait anair cona rendaib, LU 1255 ( Imr. Brain ii 288.2 ). ro ringthea co rrindib, Fél. Prol. 37 . bás di (do) rind `death by point', a violent death; cf. docer in rí de ruadrind, LL 129a28 ( MacCarthy 194 § 2 ). gura[b] bás do rind nos-bera, LB 273a20 , cf. CCellaig 117 . fuair bás do rinn, BNnÉ 226 § 126 , cf. 121 § 59 . go fuair a raghuin do rinn, Irish Texts ii 14 § 28 . tre rind ┐ faebar `by point and edge', by force of arms : ba tria rinn ┐ fhaebhar dus-fucc Ó D. ina mhuinteardhas, Hugh Roe 56.12 (f. 15b) . an tí dorad [Ó D.] ina chéillsine tria rinn ┐ fhaobhar, 274.14 (f. 73a) .

In wider sense, of pointed things: da beind for tri fichtib rend two antlers with three score points , LU 1271 ( Imr. Brain ii 288.18 ). tenga co n-imut renn fuirri prickles , Marco P. 162 . lé rinn diamond a diamond point , Jerem. xvii 1 . sech rennaib na ndairi branch-ends , LL 265a20 ( MU 22.16 ). nir bo lia gainem mara no reann[a] feada, ZCP xii 294.2 . do rind ind ḟeóir, FB 88 ; cf. rinne .i. fear (= féar), H 4.22, 67a ( O'Curry 2065 ), and rindfeoir, Ériu x 84 § 78 . masa ní da hal (.i. da rinnib) `of her litter (i.e. of her teats )', Laws iii 372.19 (of a sow), cf. 378.21 . ic déol na cethra . . . co faisctis na fola tar a rinnibh squeezed the blood over the teats (?), CCath. 2527 . rind aurlabra (i.e. tongue ), LU 3231 ( SCC 2 ). rindadh rindibh tengadh, ACL iii 294 § 5 (prob. a play on double meaning). Hence in B. na f. a tongue : is uairedh dom rind (.i. is imrāite dom tengaid), ZCP v 485 § 3 . (fig.) sinn ón cās-sa go cuiredh | rinn a ghrāsa gēruidhedh let him sharpen the point of his grace , Irish Texts ii 88 § 13 ; cf. 92 § 11 c . rinn mblasa do cur ar gach mbiadh piquant flavour , Ériu xi 196.9 .

(b) end, extremity : mell ōir for rinn cech dúail, IT i 119.22 . rind a n-úae the tips of their ears , BDD 91 . ó thaig Themra . . . co rrind Banba, Metr. Dinds. iv 60.44 (leg. co hor Banna, Metr. Dinds. Corr. v 142 ). co rind mara `brink', TTebe 698 . a rrind mothair edge , RC xviii 159.1 . gur ghabhadar cuan ag rinn Sléibhe Rife extremity , Keat. ii 542 . ó sháil go rinn from heel to head , Hackett xxxvi 4 (roinn MS.).

(c) a cape, promontory : rind ┐ belat, Laws i 160.5 . otha in rind corici in glind, Ériu ii 26.5 . trethan rinde Pilóir Cape Pelorus , TTr.² 1084 . Cf. a rennaibh órathach [leg. Ó Rathach?], Cóir Anm. 32 . Of inlets of the sea: amal renna mara for tír no tíri for muir like fiords or headlands , CCath. 5844 .

(d) fig. apex; climax : feidhm láimhe . . . i rinn ghliadh `in battle-front' (? in stress of combat ), Content. xxx 35 . fo rinn armi ┐ enig, Ann. Conn. 1244.12 . Cathal . . . do écc fo rinn airmhe ┐ oirrdearcais `at the pinnacle of prosperity and renown', AFM iv 698 v . i rinn iorghaile, TSh. 5743 . i rinn troda, L. Cl. A. B. 155.57 . i rinn coimheasgair cairdeadh, Ir. Monthly 1930, 297 § 12 . Freq. of persons in this sense: rind āig ┐ imgona fer nHerend, TBC-LL¹ 5330 . tri rainn āgha, 5540 St. = rinn, H (note pl. form). dā rind aga ┐ urlaimi, Cog. 56 y . rind n-imgona fher mbetha, TTr.² 828 . rinn chosanta ┐ chalmachta an chóiccidh, AFM iv 862.18 . comorba Ronan rind ciuil, ACL iii 308.3 .

(e) point, acumen, keenness ; freq. of eyes (cf. Lat. acies): rínd a roisc ┐ a menman, BB 414b25 . rinn roisc a min-chinn is mall, ACL iii 308.5 = AFM ii 870.12 (`pupil'). rinn a radairc ┐ a ruisc, MR 270.4 . in rinn ruisg (name of a plant), ACL i 326.29 , cf. 336.120 . rinn ruisc euphrasia, eyebright , P. O'C. (plant good for eyesight). is e in condnach inti techtas rinn cēille, O'Mulc. 236 . rinn an réasúin, TSh. 2902 . rinn fheirge, A. Ó Dálaigh vii 1 .

(f) in prosody the final word of a verse-line : is i recomarc forbanait a renda, IT iii 7 § 6 (BB). recomarc .i. deṡillabach inna rennaib, Fél. 4.29 . rinn .i. co cuibdius ina aghaidh with a rhyme answering to it , O'Dav. 1342 , cf. 1430 . aithne reanna ┐ úaithne ┐ úama, IGT Introd. § 2 . For rinn and airdrinn in debide (in which one of the final rhyming words is a syllable longer than the other), see IT iii 148 and E. Knott, Ir. Syll. Poetry 18 . See also 2 rind.

(g) do rind by dint of, by means of; a later use, for orig. meaning see (a). ní terna duine . . . acht mina dechaid fer do rind gona no builli unless he got off by (dealing) wound or blow , ZCP xiii 213.14 . do rinn ruaga do gonad no do marbadh é would wound or slay him by a sudden onset (?), Celt. Rev. iv 18.9 . racha sinn . . . dá dhíol do rinn mholta mhōir, O'Gr. Cat. 486.26 (< Gofr. Fionn Ó Dálaigh). [dochuaidh] do rind retha as, ZCP vi 65.30 .

(h) miscellaneous exx.: corthi cumdachta . . . co rinnib ┐ delbú ┐ fuathu ingantu, Alex. 596 = co ríndaib, BB 493b19 ; `Spitzen' ( points ), Meyer, but perh. engraved marks or devices, cf. vb. 1 rindaid and 2 rind = signum in Glosses. dá rinn d'inneall i n-aghaidh dhíolmhaineach Chríost a double line of battle (= duplicem aciem . . . contra milites Christi), TSh. 7061 ; a translation of Lat. acies.

See also cóicrind, s.v. cóic, gabulrind.

For compds. see rind-.

salchubaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. salchubaid or dil.ie/36088

 

n Metr. rhyme at end of first and third lines of a quatrain; see IT iii 130 ; Meyer, Meyer Prim. 6 § 10 . imafrecradh . . . a da s.¤ ┐ a da lanchubaid duaine cenelaighi, IT iii 12 § 22 (v.l.) = immafrecrat a dá sadcubaid, text, cf. 13 § 23 , § 24 and v.l. a recomarc forbanait salcuibdi ┐ lanchuibhdhi, 9 § 10 v.l. = sadcuibdi, text.