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1 bárc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bárc or dil.ie/5400

 

n ā, f. (cf. Lat. barca) b.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 39 (91.21) .

(a) bark, ship: bārcc a barca, Corm. Y 108. i mbāirc, 115 . barc .i. long, O'Cl. saer lerlong ┐ baircc (? leg. barcc) ┐ curach, Laws v 104.1 , glossed: .i. for na bi imrum .i. na serrcinn, 4 Comm. lucht na bairci, i 128.15 Comm. ind oenbarcc (of the Ark), SR 2536. barc fri beithi (in `Ogam n-eathrach'), Auraic. 6133. i mbraine na báirci, BDD² 515. cetheora barca .xxx. . . . ┐ tricha in cech báirc, LU 1278 (H.). cid as dech do ríg ? . . . bárca do thochor i port, Tec. Corm. § 1.25 ( LL 343a24 ). a fín b.¤ (sic leg. ?) for tondgur fland, LL 7189 (`wine-barque', Hail Brigit 11 ). do chriaid ḟir na báirci (of Tuathal Techtmar), 37770 . barcc gu muinib, IT iii 241.215 . na bárca bronnfairsinga, CCath. 1445. Luimneach lethanglas / frismbarca ben `which beats against barks', Ériu iv 154.2 . coblach mor do longaib ┐ do barcaib, Ann. Conn. 1338.4 . i n-urlár éinbháirce (: tráichtte) on the deck of one ship, DDána 107.1 . In nn. loc. Inber na mB., LL 24169. Rinn na Báirci, CF² 97.

(b) Fig. of (perh. boat-shaped) structures on land: a barc brainech na tor tromm / . . . / ba tu relec na fian find (to Brug na Bóinde), Metr. Dinds. ii 12.41 ( LU 4157 ). Barc Crimthainn Nia Nair (one of the Dindgnai in Broga, the others being Long ingine Foraind etc.), Dinds. 4. Long na Láech / frisanabar Barc Ban mbáeth, Metr. Dinds. i 18.58 . Ailech nImchill os cech áit / dia do báirc bir-chinn. . . . `sharp-crested stronghold ', iv 96.46 . romúrsetar Báirc ṁBresail. Báirc-sede feda nemchrínda doringned ic Bresal, RC xiii 40 § 10. Of a territory: Tir da Locha . . . / barcc reil ro hetrocht, Auraic. 5107.

? Moisi minn os betha barc (: Isaac), SR 3865. fo betha barc, 2819 . Note also: a hadbai Ailig / . . . / a bairc moir Mide / . . . / a crich Breg, Ériu viii 68.33 .

Of a prince or warrior: Aed Ailig uill / . . . / barc hordain áin, IT iii 21 § 62. Brandub barc i mbatar sluaig, LL 7239. Bran Berba ballglaine, / bārc thacid thriūin, Bruchst. 8 § 9 ( IT iii 14 § 31 ). greit ríg / . . . / barc bodbae (of Lóegaire B.), LU 8608 (rhet.). Cf. Húa Conaill . . . / bá b.¤ maone bá muir neccna (of Colum Cille), ZCP viii 197 § 13.

Compds. With noun: bárccuideachta ship's company, DDána 89.9 .

With adj.: tar muir mbarcláin (barcglan, v.l.), BS 30.9 . barr būadach bárclethan / lethas dar sōerchlanna of wide ships (?) (of Colum Cille), ACL iii 218 § 8.

With adj. derived from noun or vn.: barcbhuailteach (?), IT iii 97 § 158. sluagh . . . bárclibernach `ship-possessing', MR 214.y .

cíamair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cíamair or dil.ie/8999

 

Forms: cíamail

adj i (cf. cíabair) Sometimes also cíamail (cf. variants dermár, dermáil and Wortk. 11 ). sad, gloomy, thoughtful , etc. Of persons: etla .i. ciamail (of a saint), Fél.² xxx.x . Césair ciamair, Gorm. Nov. 1 . biaidh sí ciamhair cumhach, Dánta Gr. 49.15 . flaith Cró nár chiamair cabhlach `who had great fleets' (of Fráech), Celtica ii 159 § 8 (whose fleet was not sad?). dream chúmhachtach chiamhair `mysterious', Atlantis iv 124.34 . In other applications: ba bronach . . . ciamair geranach in t-imscaradh sin, Aen. 1213 . Glais Cró . . . doigh ro bo chiamhair do cru ┐ d'ḟuil murky (a stream), TBC-LL¹ p. 337 n. 3 . ochna . . . ciamra toirsecha, LB 140b58 . relec Cruachna ciamaire, Manners and Customs iii 530.15 . cíamhair do c[h]lú, Celt. Rev. iv 20.29 .

Adv. co ciamail toirrsech, Acall. 4916 v.l. co serb . . . ciamair, PH 407 .

COMPD. tria ḟagaib na crand ciaburderg dark red, LL 24903 .

clithar, clethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clithar, clethar or dil.ie/9513
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cluthar, clothar, cluthair

o, ā (clith). Later also cluthar, clothar, cluthair.

adj I sheltering, protective : ro scucsat iarsin i nglend ┐ i fidbaid clicair, BB 496a39 . cuan cluthar, comdaingen, ZCP vi 294.23 . fidh cluthur caointortach, Grail 3695 . lucht na mbrat gclúmhach gcluthar, Hackett lvi 49 . suadhach shámhghlan shármhaith shearccluthair (epithet of a woman), xii 11 . an treabh chumhthach . . . / cluthair a grádh liom go luan `will by me be warmly loved', Ó Bruad. ii 130 xviii . ? roir dom . . . .x. mbruit cuinsce c.¤ , Ériu ii 4.17 (cheville?). Adv. protectively, closely(?): bīaid relec d'arc[h]anglib / im c[h]lūain co clothur (clothaib, MS.), BColm. 30.22 (: atlochur). dfhagháil cumainn go cluthar ó dhaoinibh, Hackett xxxix 188 . clothar .i. toghaidhe no toghtha, O'Cl.

II As subst. o, m.

(a) shelter, covert, fastness : mor fer ro boí com iarraid / eter chlitar is diamair, LU 3938 ( SCC 44 ) (`both roof and hidden place', SC2 n.). gáir na Gairbe, c.¤ fid, SG 366.3 ( LL 297b50 ). gēsid ōs caille c.¤ above the fastness of the wood, IT iii 67 § 2 . i clithor .i. i mbuaile, O'Curry 1464 ( H 3.18, 651 ). c.¤ mbaiscaill .i. buaili, Auraic. 5551 . c.¤ boiscell kenning for quert apple-tree in Bríatharogam , Auraic. 5552 (cf. clithc[h]ar boscill .i. eilit nó geilt, Anecd. iii 43.16 ). fidbuid . . . / re haltrom én [n-]ilgothach / ria c.¤ dia cleith `hiding it with its shelter', Ériu i 39 § 3 . ō c[h]luthraib crīc[h] ┐ ō f[h]osgaduib iath, ML² 666 . do-rataid a long ar feisted a cluthur an cuain, Grail 3298 . as cluchar a coillte, BCC 282.17 .

In n. loc. ro láiset a nernail búair ┐ braite seoco fodess i C.¤ Bó Ulad, TBC-I¹ 1774 . hi C.¤ Fidbaidi hi Commur Cetharsliged, LU 8510 ( FB 36 ). pl. Clothrén i maigh Chliach atá. is úadh Cluithri Chlíach, Cóir Anm. 195 . in tan bátar hi Cluichrib, LU 5403 (TBC) = cluithrib, TBC-I¹ 926 .

(b) Fig.

(i) protection, shelter : is ruca don righ olc do dhenumh . . . is ina chlit[h]ur imteit cach, O'Curry 478 (H. 3.18, 249). fer gonur fia sochuide, cia tuilledh for slogh fiadh ndéntur, no as a clithor a ndéntur, O'D. 545 ( H 3.17, 435 ).

(ii) Of a prince, protector, refuge: clet[h]ar sēt .i. rī[g]-sēt, ar is ainm do rīg isin Dūil Feda Māir c.¤ , Corm. Y 209 . is e in t-ard-ḟlaith hUa Ainmirech c.¤ dana craeb coibneasa ro raidsiumar romaind, MR 98.x . ata triath os cionn Ruarcach / . . . / isse cleathar is cuibhdhe, H 3.18, 766.22 . ? c.¤ .i. urachill, ut Udhacht Morainn: ar clitharsidhe (? sīdhe) sgeó thuatha, Ériu xiii 67 § 69 ; cf. ZCP xi 97 § 60 .

In phr. c.¤ sét appar. the `sét' of highest value, a milch-cow, an in-calf cow or a ploughing ox. `sheltering sét' or `insurance sét' Plummer MS. notes (comparing gell tóirithnech). clithar sēt. Alii dicunt do mbad ainm do boin inlāig .i. arindī doceil a llōeg n-inde [quod non est uerum, sed uerius] Clet[h]ar sēt .i. rī[g]-sēt, Corm. Y 209 . clithear set, slaindte forgu na nuile .i. cleithe ar set .i. loilgech, Laws iv 28.4 , and 16 Comm. c.¤ sed .i. laulgach no daum timchella aratar no buo inlaoge, O'Curry 852 ( H 3.18, 386b ). Also sét clithair (attrib. g s.): ro saig set clithair enech bo-airech coruicce cumal n-uinge no boin nu-da-craid, Laws v 392.1 . set clithair gill ainech boairech inna muin, 390.z . .i. clethe or na sed, gellas tinchaib (= do inchaib) in boairech mailli ris imuig .i. in lulgach, 392.14 Comm.

Compds. With noun. a cliotharchuan D. sheltered harbour, Hugh Roe² 6.11 . do clithardiamaire (sic leg.) an inuid, Acall. 2332 v.l. (do dhiamhair, text).

With adj. cuan cobhsaidh. cluthardaingen, ZCP vi 28.y . in cheirt combrec clithar-diabultae (sic leg.) bui uime, Anecd. iv xiv 27 (`? folded as a covering', Plummer MS. notes). tresna coilltib clithirdiamraib `with their secret shelters', TTebe 312 . tug corn . . . a clithardíamuir a édaig `hidden shelter', Fianaig. 58.17 . rotheichset fo clithárdiamraibh in tíri, CCath. 1249 . fo chailltib clithardlúithe `close-sheltering', Fianaig. 52.11 . mo chroinn . . . cliothardhlúithe, Buile Ṡ. 82.x . imdatuigethar celt clithargarb finna, LU 7732 (BDD). cuan cluthar-mīn Celga, ML² 721 . a da sgiath corcra clithir mora, ZCP x 306.23 .

do-foirndea

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-foirndea or dil.ie/17657

 

Forms: dofoirndea, dofoirnde, dofoirṅdet, tofhóirndet, tóirndet, dofhoirde, dofhoírdet, tornebad, tororan-som, dosrorann, dosrorainn, dofoirndither, thórnter, dufornditer, tórann, toirndide, toirndithi, dufoirndither, rothairind

v (* to-fo-rind-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 603 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. dofoirndea, Ml. 2d2 . dofoirnde, Sg. 59b1 . 3 pl. dofoirṅdet, Sg. 26b16 . tofhóirndet (rel.), 72b5 . nád tóirndet , 25b12 . With omission of ¤n-, dofhoirde (3 s. rel.), Sg. 203b4 . dofhoírdet, 203b11 . Condit. 3 s. tornebad, ZCP viii 306 . Perf. 3 s. tororan-som, Ml. 29b8 . dosrorann, SR 4422 . dosrorainn, 152 . Pass. pres. s. dofoirndither, Tur. 55 . thórnter (rel.), Sg. 59b18 . pl. dufornditer, Ml. 65c16 . Vn. tórann.

(a) expresses, signifies (usual sense in O.Ir.): gl. significare, Sg. 59b1 , 18 ; exprimere, Acr. 11c3 ( Thes. ii 5 ). inna trisecht tra dofoirndea sin in treodataid, Ml. 2d2 . dufornditer a ngnimae inna rig tri delba ban the deeds of the kings are represented by figures of women, 65c16 . tororan-som trisin doit in gním gnís in do[i]t, 29b8 . is aimser derb dofoirnde inna hilur (the word `dies') expresses definite time in its plural, Sg. 66b10 . dofoirnde in son ┐ a folad inchoisig expresses the sound and the substance which it signifies, 9a12 (`it determines the sound'). is he candadas inna ndegnimae són . . . dofoirndither trisin mbrat find, Tur. 55 . in brat-sa is ed doforne co mbēra-sa mac (interpretation of a dream), Lism. L. 798 . imrum Maelidūin dofóirne rūin richid rāin, Anecd. i 74 § 223 . ised doforne na .v. bairgena iar sians .i. na .v. oessa in domain, LB 149a6 . cid doforni sin, a chleirigh? what do you mean? BNnÉ 306 . cid toirnes gāir gāithi, Hib. Min. p. 39 . tucad int ainm sin iarsin n-inde thoirnes, PH 6934 . na dā descipul . . . issed dofornet sin, 4551 . atat cethri forcométésa . . . asa tórniter rúin ┐ sians, 3510 . amal rothoirned comach a chuirp . . . tria brissed na bairgine, 5315 . ? a cossa ┐ a llama in .l. eolach dosruarannsom which he indicated, BB 495a42 .

(b) traces, marks out, delimitates (a design, site, etc.); common meaning in Mid.Ir.; for transition cf. follg. exx. from glosses: toirndide (part.) gl. templum auro et argento distinctum, i.e. marked out, Ml. 143c1 . toirndithi descriptos (toros), well-defined (muscles), Acr. 26v3 ( Thes. ii 8 ). dufoirndither gl. (tuum mihi nomen . . . in contumeliam pudoris) impingetur, is brought against one as a disgrace (the Ir. may mean is made to express or possibly glossator connected impingere with pingere = paint, portray), Ml. 86a2 . Hence: dofornde P. crois isind licc cona bachaill, Trip.² 857 . dobert C. a sleigin do ┐ doforne ogum n-ind, IT ii1 178 . indelba .i. anmand na n-altora . . . arindi dofornitis intib delba na ndūla adortais, Corm. Y 752 . co roroind (toroind?) sigin na crochi i fragid in tempuil, PH 2095 . With transference of obj.: gabul ina laim ┐ da beind eisti ┐ doforni oen na n-aisill isin luaith he traces out (a circle with) one of the legs (of the fork), Ériu v 72 . Esp of a site for building: tair cuccum . . . ┐ toraind in reclés, Trip.² 970 . dororaind Patraic Ráith nAirthir, 953 v.l. (doraind, text). in glóruill . . . | dosrorainn i coic [c]ressaib marked it out into five zones, SR 152 . bid amne ind eclas . . . | feib dosrorann int ardrí, 4422 . daroraind fot ┐ lethet ┐ airde ina heclaisi, PH 6352 . is e toirrnebhus mu relec (= cemiterium designabit where meaning seems rather will retrace, point out ), Lat. Lives 112 = ise foillsigfides moligisea, ┐ tórindfess morelicc, Three Hom. 100. 8 . eirgid in clerech ┐ tornid in chill, ZCP xiii 26 . conid he roclaidh ┐ rothorainn (dororaind, v.l.) an cill, BNnÉ 300 § 2 . toimhsis ┐ tóirnis a tempull, 207 . rothórainnsett an chill ┐ an relecc, 14 . co rothóraind si dóib in dún cona heo, RC xvi 281 ( Dinds. 161 ). Macha, is lē rothornedh Emoin, 45 ( Dinds. 94 ). rochum cathraig . . . dia luirg rostorna is dia deilg, Metr. Dinds. i 6 . tóraindter rátha . . . lib damsa, RC xxvi 132 § 2 . dofóruinn impi tóraind na ratha, ACL iii 326 . toirneas an tiprait, Lism. L. 967 . for Feicc doroirned ar lecht, Fianaig. 10 § 4 . Occasionally confused with do-airindi lowers: co rastocaib ┐ co rastoraind he took it (the statue of Saturn) up and set it down again (for rastairind), LL 230b1 ( TTr. 975 ). rothoraind a rosc forsna huigib, MR 24 = rothairind, FDG 171 . See also do-rinda.

férach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. férach or dil.ie/21671

 

adj o-ā (fér) grassy, grass-grown: rob f.¤ ind relec , Lat. Lives 15 = Trip. 228.15 . co f.¤ fornocht (of a forsaken `dún') Metr. Dinds. iii 96z . ar in faichthi féraig, Acall. 7104 . magsliab mór ... cen fraech, isse ferach, slemoin, RC x 62.12 . samail fidbad féraigi, ZCP v 22§15 .

i

Cite this: eDIL s.v. i or dil.ie/26891
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: isin, isint, isind, isind, sind, issa, is, sa, isteampull, ansan, isnaib, isnaib, isna, ands[n]a, annsna, issinn, isa, issa, is, isin, insa, ionnsa, sa, isna, annsa, istech, istig, immach, immaig, indium, innium, ionnam, iondam, indiut, inniut, iniud, ionnod, ionnat, inneat, and, ant, and, ann, annt, indi, hindae, indti, inde, inti, inte, ind, inn, inte, innte, indiunn, indiun-ni, annainn, indib, innibh, ionnaibh -se, indib, indeb, intib, innta, ionnta, annta, intiu, inntu, ionntadh, im, inna, inná, innar, inar, 'nar, i bar, hi far, in far, ina, inna, ana, ann, i, i, san, i, ann

nasalising prep., folld. by dat. and acc. Usually written i or í when eclipsis is shown : i nÍsu, Wb. 3b6 . i ngiun, 4d33 . í n-éutt, 6b2 . i nneurt, 6d11 . i ndegaid, 30b14 . i mbiam, Ml. 21c3 . i ndia, 29d5 . i mbí, Tur. 9. i n-oénṡillaib, Sg. 120b2 . i llathiu, Thes. ii 319.2 ; but cf. hi n-iriss, Wb. 10b28 . hi rrecht, Ml. 54c2 . hi llaim, 96d6 . hi ndóiri, 125a9 . hi rriucht, Tur. 85. hi mbítis, Sg. 5a15 . hi ndilsi, 28a4 . hi mbrethir ... hi ngním, Thes. ii 253.11 . hi nDruim, 260.21 . hi mbrot, 290.9 . When eclipsis is not shown, most freq. written hi or hí : hi noibad, Wb. 3b31 . hi rect, 3d14 . hí crist, 4d21 . hi far n-irnigdib, 7a12 . hí flid, 9b14 . hi tosuch, Ml. 2a6 . hí tintud, 2a15 . hi rogabad, 24d14 . hí libur, 16c10 . hi cairptib, 43d3 . hi far crichaib, 115b10 . hi fers, Sg. 6b23 . hi roṡoithe, 73a11 . hí frecndairc, 204a5 . hi rogénair, Thes. ii 291.11 ; but : í cach thír, Wb. 1a3 . i corpu, 2b5 . í rúnaib, 2b10 . i tuil dée, 5c20 . (no exx. available of this from Ml.). i persin n-aili, Sg. 189a8 . i fogur, 6b1 . í titul, PCr. 15a3 . i comus, Thes. ii 244.30 (Camb.). In Ml. and Tur., frequently written inn before vowels : inna diad, Ml. 17c6 . inn aithchi dorchi, 30a4 . inn echaib, 43d3 . innar neurt, 43d3 . inn ecin, Tur. 134. In Wb. freq. inn before proclitic beginning with vowel : innar leid, 4b11 . inna chridiu, 10b20 . inna corp `in their body', 11d11 . inn aláil, 12a10 . In Mid. and Early Mod. Ir. i n- is often written a n- : a n-inad, PH 203. a persainn, 7577 . a sendataid, 3977 . a ngaire, BNnÉ 168.10 . a bus, SG 135.6 . cáit ambí in fer sin, 135.36 . a mmedón, TBFr. 103.

With article :

(a) dat. sg. isin chrud sin, Wb. 8b10 . isint senmim, 13d18 . isind óin uáir, 25b16 . isind laithiu, Ml. 21c3 . sind ló, TBC-LL¹ 444. issa baile-seo, Acall. 3360. is tir, BNnÉ 301.15 . is' taig, ScM. § 6.12 . is tig, BDD² 525. is’ tilaig, ITS l 38.13 . is tulaig, LL ii 13336 . is dorus, i 7318 . is tṡenchoss, iii 21254 . is treairiut 'in the three periods' UR 114 § 24 . 'sa dorus, Feis Tighe Chonáin 75. isteampull 'in the temple', Stair Nic. 32.602. Cf. 28.524 (v.l.) . ansan ūair-sein, Ériu iv 178 § 31. pl. isnaib fochidib, Wb. 14b19 . isnaib innib, Ml. 28a7 . isnaib sechtaib, Críth G. 303. isna airigthib, TBC-LL¹ 3552. ands[n]a... dúilib, O'Gr. Cat. 233.23. annsna righaibh, CF 922.

(b) acc. sg. issinn aíar, Wb. 25b24 . isa n-indarbae, Ml. 23c8 . issa suthin, 21d4 . is' tech, ScM. § 15.2 . isa tech, TBFr. 124. isa ndún, Trip.² 1464. isin ngnimrad, BCrólige § 37 n. 1 . insa curach, Feis Tighe Chonáin 920. ionnsa bhfiadh, 1173 . 'sa mboin, Fianaig. 72.18 . pl. isna bithu, Wb. 4c4 . isna lucu, Ml. 23d23 .

Distinction between dat. and acc. lost : annsa chéill, TSh. 3219. annsa gcéill, 2532 . neimhsheadh do thabhairt san tsaoghal, 339 . nach raibhe seadh san saoghal aice, 1866 . The distinction remained however in istech, istig ; immach, immaig, qq.v.

With pron. suff. ; s. 1 indium, Wb. 8d26 . Ml. 74d7 . innium, TBC-LL¹ 4382. ionnam, iondam, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1912 , 410 . s. 2 indiut, Ml. 106c15 . inniut, TBC-LL¹ 4350. iniud, TTebe 3673 . ionnod, TD 40 § 2. ionnat, DDána 2 § 11. inneat, 68 § 38 (: mbreac). s. 3 dat. m. + n. and, Wb. 1a5 . Ml. 45d15 . Sg. 3b5 . ant, Ml. 48c29 . and, Críth G. 100. ann, ML² 45. BDD² 91. annt, ZCP vii 481.29 (Enchir. Aug.). f. indi, Ml. 21c3 . Sg. 18a3 . Críth G. 105. BDD² 745. Laws iv 112.9 . hindae, BDD² 513. indti, 661 . inde, Laws iv 112.10 . inti, TBC-LL¹ 5211. TBFr. 200. inte, BDD² 498. acc. m. + n. ind, Ml. 22b1 . Críth G. 93. BDD² 196. Laws iv 136.x Comm. inn, 250. 5 Comm. f. inte, Sg. 6a6 . Críth G. 219. innte, DDána 1 § 9. pl. 1 indiunn, Wb. 5d18 . indiun-ni, Ml. 44d3 . annainn, Luc. Fid. 225.x . pl. 2 indib, Wb. 14c18 . Ml. 122c3 . innibh, DDána 68 § 23. ionnaibh -se (: fionnsoillse), 122 § 12. pl. 3 dat. indib, Ml. 30c17 . Sg. 216b4 . BDD² 475. indeb, 1468 . intib, TBC-LL¹ 174. TBFr. 35. innta, ML² 75. ionnta, DDána 122 § 17. annta, Luc. Fid. 285.10 . acc. intiu, Ml. 21a8 . Sg. 7a10 . inntu (for dat.), Ériu iii 160.24 . ionntadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1065.

With poss. : s. 1 im hulcc-sa, Wb. 2a8 . im chuimriug, 30a5 . iom giolla, TBC-LL¹ 5662 (St.). am f[h]ochair, ML² 774. am chlaidim, TTebe 1309 . s. 2 it senmathir, Wb. 29d11 . id ḟlaith, BDD² 178. id chémanduib, ML² 1654. at rēimennuib, 1655 . ad ruire, 1450 . it olcaibh, Studies 1933, 310 § 27 . s. 3 m+n. inna suidiu, Wb. 13a12 . inna thechtu, 13a28 . inda sesam, Mon. Tall. 129.13 . inna chumbu, Críth G. 111. ina suide, ScM. § 10.10 . 'na adhbar rīg, ML² 30. f. inná loc, Sg. 17a5 . pl. 1 innar leid, Wb. 4b11 . inar n-óccaibh, BS 112.18 . 'nar mbél-ne, Ériu iv 118 § 37. ionur ttríar, RC xxix 112 § 7. pl. 2 i bar tolaib, Wb. 3b8 . hi far selbad-si, 8d26 . in far n-Ultaib, TBC-LL¹ 1636. i bar (v.ll. in for, in bur) ngnáis-si, Fél. Ep. 375. i nbhar láimh, DDána 100 § 5 ; but cf. 'nar lámhaibh `in manibus vestris', TSh. 8579. pl. 3 ina ndúm, TBFr. 244. inna mbrucc, BDD² 1282. ana n-usci, Maund. § 136.5 .

With rel. : before a rel. i n- is not folld. by the demonstrative particle a n- as is the case with the other prepp., but is folld. directly by the verb which it eclipses : i mbiam, Ml. 21c3 . ind aimser hi rogabad, 24d14 . i mbí, Tur. 9. hi mbítis, Sg. 5a15 . indat sláin, Ml. 76a6 . aní i táa cuntubart libsi `that as to which there is doubt among you', Wb. 13a35 . intí i mbíi in spirut, 8b10 . arná torthaiset isnaib sechtaib hi tuitet enech cáich, Críth G. 303. i mbí toirm cech thempuil, Fél. May 10. cairm indom-acca ?, ScM. § 11.5 . triasand láim a mbaí an scíath, BDD² 1511. i mbiat smachta ni biat caiche ; i mbiat caiche ni biat smachta `where the requisites commanded by law are observed there are no penalties ...,' Laws iv 70.3 . cā háit a bfuil an fear feasa, Feis Tighe Chonáin 811. In Mod. Ir. on the analogy of the other prepp. i n- came sometimes to be folld. by the demonstr. particle: tuar neith ina dtú tacha | bheith gan bhú ..., Dán Dé vii 3. cath ... inar' thuitetar sochaidhi, RC xvii 377.22 . an dara halt 'na gcuirthear i gcéill ..., TSh. p. 13. (cf. san áit i bhfuil do thriall, TSh. 7137 ). an ait ann ar hiomchuibhthe an urnaighthe do dheanamh in which it were fittest, Luc. Fid. 73.1 . In Mod. Ir. also, i n-+ro frequently appears as ar : a thruaill chriadh-sa ar cuireadh mé, Dán Dé xi 4. áit ar marbhadh C., Keat. iii 2545. In the O. Ir. glosses the form of the prep. before ro was (h)i. Later in came to be used : irrufollnastar, Wb. 13b29 . hi roba, Ml. 62a13 . hi roṡoithe, Sg. 73a11 ; but : in ro lád, TBFr. 307. With neg. rel. : ainmnetach ret ... cride rig nime in nach dortai in doman ... i fudomnuibh pian `in that He doth not ...', Ériu ii 118 § 56. in gach uile ní 'snach cuirthear lá `in quibus dies non ponitur', TSh. 5175. trí neithe ... is nach raibhe an Tighearna, 9859 .

Before cach, cech : in glosses (h)i, later somet. in : i cach réit, Wb. 20c11 . hi cach ceniul, Sg. 2a2 . in cech úair, Fél. Dec. 29. in cach coiri, ScM. § 1.12 . in cech áis, PH 7115. in cach thrāth, Hail Brigit § 11. in gach errach, Fen. 286.x . in gach aon-duine, TSh. 2545. in gach en focal, BCC 436.29 . Occasionally is : is gach sochar, TSh. 798.

I Place .

A. Folld. in O.Ir. by dat.

1 Denoting place where (in both abstract and concrete meanings) :

(a) in : i mballaib caích `in everyone's members', Wb. 13d27 . attósa i sslabrid, 23a2 . i bar tolaib marbdib `in your mortal desires', 3b8 . Of an author's works : i nAmbaucu `in Habakkuk', 19b17 . amal donairchet hí fáithib et rofiugrad i rrect et amal asnindedar i ssoscélu, 13a36 . amal bid hi frecndairc no beth `as though he were present', Ml. 24c15 . i n-óen ṡosuth ṡillabe `in one position of a syllable', Sg. 7a3 . air thechtaid cach gutae a guth n-indi, 18a3 . comdire cach fri aroile i nnos chana `every person has equal dīre with another in cāin regulation', BCrólige § 5 . ni lugae mbis ind menme hisin cheill `the thought is no less occupied with the meaning', Mon. Tall. 142.23 . dam ocus tinne in cach coiri, ScM. § 1.12 . secht ndoruis isin bruidin, ib. 11 . bíann n-erbbad impu a mmedón, TBFr. 103. secht mílchoin i slabradaib argait, 33 . ar robōi Fergus fēin isin gliaid sin, ACL iii 5.7 . co facbath fuillecht ┐ eis (.i. lorg) a cos isin cloich, 10.12 . in raibhe i fāistine nó i ttaircetal accaibh ..., RC xxvii 294 § 58. nocho roibe dath nad beith inntib, xxiv 144.5 . uaitne dib i ndath snechta ┐ araile a ndath fhola, D IV 2, fo. 42c14 . adeir Auicenna go ndéntur céd comshuidigud na ndáine ands[n]a ceithri dúilib `that the primary composition of men is of the four elements', O'Gr. Cat. 233.23. go ndingnaid ... foslongport im chellaib `will besiege my churches', BCC 156.7 . a mac bec fein ina laim `leading her little boy by the hand,' Celt. Rev. viii 296.17 . Denoting the possession by anyone of certain qualities or characteristics : furrthain ó gCais san choghnach the chief is sufficient to succour the seed of Cas, IGT Decl. ex. 1125. ní ḟoil ionnod acht ionann `thou art exactly similar,' TD 40 § 2. ionnus gu mbiadh innta an righe do sdiurad `that they may know how to govern the kingdom,' Ériu v 132 § 67. ní raibhe ionnta acht buannadha do ríoghaibh Éireann `they were nothing more than ...,' Keat. ii 5079.

(b) among : a comgraidh isin tuaith `their equals in rank among the laity', BCrólige § 4 n. 3 . fuair a chrochad hi Parthib `met his crucifixion among the Parthians,' Ériu iii 196 § 12. easáonta ... na ndáoineadh ... ina bfuil sé `among whom he is,' v 92.9 .

(c) at, on, upon : hí flid Crist `at Christ's feast', Wb. 9b14 . huare is hi tilchaib ardaib no bitis, Ml. 14a9 . menme isind aurnaigti `mind fixed on prayer,' Mon. Tall. 151.19 . i mmulluch Usnig, Ériu iv 152.15 . Domhnall ... do bhualadh ... do chloidheamh i mbun ordóige, i 102 § 63 . dortad donnfala do shiltin as in aeer i cennaib na curad on to the warriors' heads, viii 26.15 . ro-an a chenn i fertais in charpait, ScM. § 19.7 . robenta corne ina cendaib `tonsures were shorn on their heads,' BColm. 26.6 . a mbun Cart[h]i na nGīall `at the foot of the pillar-stone ...', 72.20 . gelscíath co túagmílaib argait inti, TBC-LL¹ 5211. gemel crūaid i (v.ll. ar, um) coiss a hard fetter on the foot, KMMisc. 270 § 43. i n-erblib ech at the tails of horses, Fen. 66.4 . súil i gcuid mo chomhursan, A. Ó Dálaigh xxviii 5. o smuaintighib ... na mairtirech a crechtaib Crisd `thinking on the wounds', BCC 4.17 . ro baí ballán ... isan adart `on the pillow', Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 7 . i n-imiul in baile on the edge of the town, RC xxvii 292.10 . i mbruach alltorach in tsrotha, CCath. 459. atci buidin moir chuici isin drochat bui tarsin sruth, FDG 715. is file [i] gcois ma-raon ris ` on foot ,' A. Ó Dálaigh lv 5. an chroch ... do Chríosd ... 'gá chrochadh innte, Dán Dé xx 22. is aibind duit, a thuir, ... is aibinn in radarc fuil innud (to a tower), ZCP vi 26.31 . cuirid láimh i seizes : co nachar' lamh nech... lamh do chur ann durst lay hand upon him, RC xix 288 § 225. cuiris lámh i Mochuda ┐ tug ... as an mainistir amach é, Keat. iii 1948.

2 Denoting state or condition in which : hor bi accobur láe nebud dó i nnoidenacht `that he should not be in infancy', Wb. 24d11 . isind inducbáil sin `in that glory', 4c40 . i lláni etargni `in the fulness of knowledge,' 24c6 . ind fir bíis inna suidiu `who is sitting', 13a12 . bíid cach gnim inna thechtu `in its proper order', 13a28 . inna imned-sin i mbiam isind laithiu, Ml. 21c3 . in i comsuidigud fa hi comasndís bíit `in composition or in apposition', Sg. 217a1 . i bar ngnáis-si `in your company', Fél. Ep. 375. dol asa eol a richtaib con `to stray in wolf-shapes', BCrólige § 32 n. 13 . cach ['la] gabal i ssuidiu araile hi sesam `every [other] division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 . conna-ētai focul fort chenn i córai properly , ScM. § 14.7 . ataat inna mbrucc in a state of dejection, BDD² 1282. tusu ad c[h]ollad, ACL iii 234 § 6. minub ina duthracht bes if it be not with good will, Ériu v 20.y . is é timairg for cech eclais co raib a durrthech ┐ a relec hi nglaine `to have its oratory and its burial-ground purified', i 219 § 6 . fororbart a cland-side ... co mbatar i mmílib so that they were thousands, LL 649 . tainic ... i n-uaite ṡloig `with a small company', Fen. 144.y . do bhī in Pelagius sin ... a nāemthacht foirbthe ┐ a mbethaid inmolta, ZCP xiii 179.21 . batar a n-itaid ┐ i tart mor, RC xxiv 196.11 . bai sidhe hi cocadh fri Find, xiii 7.z . in duine nach biadh isnna dubhailchibh marbhthacha, Études Celt. i 78.15 . ro bo cinti crīch i mbethaid i n-imḟogus dóib `certain end of life' (taking place of the more usualgen.), Fianaig. 92.29 . a thabairt i rricht feola aili `in the guise of other flesh', TTebe 1861 . bu gairid bía ad bethaid risna cathaib, 1030 . ar bhfaicsin Críost i gcruth bháis, DDána 16 § 5. cor fhoscail C. C. a suile ... ┐ e 'sa mbas `and he dying', BCC 414.3 . gach mac ... | dá raibhe i n-aois an airdríogh, Studies 1934, 90 § 22 . 'san luas na ttreigfitt as quickly as , BNnÉ 148.25 .

With poss. before certain vnn. : comtha ... ad lenamain, Prolegomena 27 n. 2 . an tṡlat oile 'na adrad the other youth worshipping him, ZCP viii 563 § 28. ion bhur lenmhuin, ML² 331. as-bert fria ina sloindiud `as he named himself (?)', BDD² 47.

3 Denoting manner in which : by means of, through, by : direnar hi comdire ... fri grada ecalsa `is paid for by equal dīre with the church grades', BCrólige § 7. nad airnaidet a tir ina frithfoltaib coirib `who does not sustain his land by performing the proper corresponding duties', § 16. ailid cac otrus a arag hi coraib bel `every sick-maintenance entails its binding by contracts', § 55. i mbommannaib arberad bith ind lítain a cuid uli `he used to consume all his portion of porridge in morsels', Mon. Tall. 135.9 . Cairbre ... do mharbhadh i bhfeill by treachery, Ériu i 101 § 55. forbhfáiltigter : an radhorc a ndath uaine, an t-eistecht a bhfoghor éttrom `gratification is afforded: to the sight, by the colour of green ; to the hearing, by a `light' sound', O'Gr. Cat. 277.27. rofersum failti friu ina n-anmannaib uadéin by their own names, D IV 2, fo. 45c5 .

4 Apposition.

A noun in apposition may be preceded by the prep. i n- (governing dat.) + poss. This was a development of the older use of the dat. without prep., e.g. is bés dúibsi far n-Ultaib, ScM. § 9.4 . ro bámarni .xu. feraib ┐ ar cúic súili déc desa do chaechad dó, BDD² 1130 and note. Hence with prep. : dúinni nar nUltaib, LU 4637. is bés dúibsi in far n-Ultaib, LL 112by . cid ma ta in mhorc[h]oinne seo acaibh in bhar nGeistedhaibh why have ye, Gesteda, ..., Ériu v 148.56 . dobudh nár dhúinn ionur ttríar Ulltach `to us three Ultonians', RC xxix 112 § 7. ní iomdha dhúnn i n-ar ndaoinibh `not many of us men ...', Dán Dé xii 1. do bhríogh gurab ennádúir amháin dhiadha gan roinn atá ionnta na ttriúr, Ó Héodhusa 25.5.

5 In predicates

(i) with subst. verb : itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra, ACL iii 239 § 34. 'na bidbuid no go mbí fear until a man is an enemy, Ériu iv 212 § 2. dia mbadh mo chomairli-si do gneithi ann ... is 'na chath no biadh, Leb. Gab.(i) 252.23 . do bī 'n-a adhbar rīg, ML² 30. Feidhlimid mac Toirdelbaig ... ina Húa Conchubuir `... was the Húa Conchobair', Maund. 6. tét sé a comlaidir sin ... co mbí sé 'na uiscci mhilis .xx. míle 'sa fairrcci móir (of the Danube), 7 . is dearbh go bhfuilim-se im dhuine shomharbhtha, TSh. 143.

(ii) with other verbs : tanic in mac i n-a aenur, RC v 199 § 6. doberad ingen prinnsa da muindtir fein dam ina mnái, Maund. 47. tanac-sa im baidb buaidertha `I came a troubled ghost', TTebe 1899 . tarla ... an mac ... 'n-a dhalta foghluma ag Ciarán ar tí bheith 'n-a mhanach, Keat. iii 826.

6 After verbs of dividing, changing, putting, ending, etc. somet. folld. by dat. (but see infra B. 4) : trí traigid .x. a [a]ircha[e] ara rorandathar bés a thige indi, Críth G. 105. i nniarcomrucc ... forcenda ollbairdne, IT iii 11.2 . do-roinded a chorp i cethri blogaib, PH 1856. rocúmscaig i ndelbaib brechtnaib, 1740 . gur claechló an t-ór ina ghran ... eorna, BNnÉ 233.9 . timarcad i llige chro `after he has been forced into blood-lying', BCrólige § 1 n. 1 . aca cur hi cís ┐ a foghnam dermar, ZCP xi 65.10 . do c[h]uiredur insna reachtuibh-si mē, Feis Tighe Chonáin 437. nár chuirthe seadh sna sealbhaibh saoghalta, TSh. 364.

7 Various abstract meanings.

in the matter of, in respect to, in regard to : adib éolig and `ye are knowing therein,' Wb. 26b12 . cosmili fri Adam ngnímaib et accobraib, 13d12 . aní i táa cuntubart libsi `that as to which there is doubt among you', 13a35 . ar nebmóidem hi magistrib `our not boasting as to masters', 8d26 . i ndiad nach aili aridfe(i)t i llugu over whom he takes precedence in swearing, Críth G. 42. annsom i n-otrus la Fēne `most difficult in regard to nursing', BCrólige § 15. brithem eola(i) i mbiadaib `a judge who is knowledgeable about refections', § 31. ni fil bríg laisiom hisind accobar sin `he considers that such desire is no great matter', Mon. Tall. 151.13 . rosuidiged cutramas eneclainde ... isna bechaib `equal honor-price was fixed for the bees', Laws iv 200.8 Comm. i pendit ind áosae galrich `in the case of penance laid on sickly persons,' Mon. Tall. 146.27 . indat mebhair-siu ... isna airigthib gascid, TBC-LL¹ 3552. nīmda cuimcech-sa hi suidiu I am not capable of that, ZCP viii 310.11 . do agra Fechín isin saer `to expostulate with F. about the wright', RC xii 346 § 39. a n-abar ann dámadh fíor if what is said in this regard be true, Dán Dé xxvi 17. gurab eigin don liaigh éolus do bheith aige i naduir na heaslainte-si, 23 K 42, 186.3 .

according to : nach fer ... folongar i fenechus `who is being maintained according to native law', BCrólige § 22. rocoraidhid ... cách fo gradaib ┐ i ndanaib ┐ a ndligemnus `everyone was seated according to rank, profession and lawful claim', Ériu v 234.35 . a fīraicned screptra ┐ chuibsi according to the true nature of scripture and conscience, i 214.6 . adeir N. 'na ugdaras fēin on his own authority, ZCP xiii 181.20 .

instead of, in compensation for : inni uil do chach ... i crolige bais d'fertain air `that which is due to each for inflicting a mortal blood-lying upon him', BCrólige § 1 n. 6 . eiric in gac gruaid iarna brisidh `wergild for every cheek after it has been broken', § 64 n. 1 . cidh bias isin beoguin `for the life-wound', Laws iv 232.21 . in bur cintaib for your crimes, Anecd. i 44.2 . is olc an t-íc dhamh thu annsna righaibh... do thuit leat a poor compensation for the kings, CF 922. déirc sin (sic leg.) saint `almsgiving instead of greed', Dán Dé xxiv 9. beag an éaraic iarrfa id ghuin, DDána 30 § 16.

in contrast with, as against : is étrum in digal i mméit in pectho `the punishment is light for the greatness of the sin', Ml. 126b6 .

for the purpose of, with a view to : d'imcoimet na mna doberar isin ngnimrad `who is given to do the work', BCrólige § 37 n. 1 . a ndilgud chinad, PH 2993. i comartha dilguda, 3117 . i ndíoghail a athar in revenge for his father, Ériu i 101 § 56. rogabus ben ar eicin. Cid indaragbais ? why did you seize her ?, ZCP xii 362.18 . cf. bat becda fri becdataid, i ndēntar do thol that your will may be done, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 18 § 8.4 . bat tó fri tó[i], i n-étsider aisnēis, ib. 6 .

In expressing the specific extent by which one thing exceeds or falls short of another : to the extent of : corop máa i n-óenṡillaib in comparit, Sg. 40b7 . a nnád foirpret i n-oenṡillaib `when they do not increase by one syllable', 48b5 . teora cethramdin huare aequinocht indid mailliu a tuile ar cach óen laithiu `by which the flood is slower day by day', Thes. ii 14.35 (Bcr.). a coic indid óa (of the moon) `by which it is less', 20.41 . mad i ndib n-uarib deac nammá bas laigu cach mí ..., 10.4 .

8 ann 3 s. dat. m. and n. form of i + pron.

Freq. to be translated there, therein : bid [prec]eptóir cách and `every one will be a teacher there', Wb. 13a13 . maní bé est ánd tuas ┐ mad argumento bes ant, Ml. 14d1 . issed inso nád chumaing ara-n-ísar and ` 'tis this which cannot be found there', Sg. 209b13 . robatar indsin (rectius and-) etir da tráth din ló, RC iii 184.28 . teid Conán onn (=ann), Duan. F. i 67.29 . feirinnsgne sáoi ┐ flaith : an sáoi, an flaith as cóir ann, IGT Introd. 9.7 .

Used predicatively

(i) with subst. verb expressing existence and in identification clauses : ma beith nech and tra labrathar ilbélre `if there be anyone who speaks many languages', Wb. 13a4 . tuc an ingin aithne gurbh 'e righ Eirenn do bí ann, Ériu iii 152 § 6. rofiarfaig Fechin don rigain scéla in claim ┐ ro innis do gur 'uo he Isu ro ui ann, RC xii 344.15 . is é droch-nós do mhothaigh do bheith ann, TSh. 359.

(ii) with other verbs : fagham saor ann dá mbudh eol let me find an artificer who would know, Dán Dé ix 24. is tú thug na haibhne ann | 'sna maighre ar fhud na habhann, vi 38 .

Used pleonastically :

(i) with clauses introduced by áit : Cath Bhealaigh Féile ... áit ar thuit iomad do Mhuimhneachaibh ... ann, Keat. iii 2338.

(ii) anticipating a follg. adv. or adverbial phrase : is and rogab ar tús tes it began in the south, RC xvii 416.24 . is and ata mo chumachta comlai[n]d am chlaidim, TTebe 1309 . is ann batar dá dhuirb isin uisci there were two worms in the water, RC vi 175.44 . = is amlaid: is and ro boí Cu Chulaind iar mbéim dei a lened ┐ in snechta immi, LU 5856 . is and ra buí Finnachta oc imbirt ḟidchilli, LL v 39060 . is ann buí-seom: oc sním irchomail fo Grip, SCano 238 . ? atá ann = atá amlaid, Celtica xii 190 : atá and iarom conid hé ainm in cnuic Forgemen, LU 5830 .

(iii) in a rel. clause expressing identity : as é as faoisidin ann, gerán tuirsech doní an pecach, Mac Aingil 165.10 . is eadh is treas bás ann .i. bás na péine, TSh. 1948. Contrast : issí poetica licentia and tormach inna á , Sg. 31b12 .

B. Folld. in O.Ir. by acc.

1 Denoting place whither : i nníulu `into the clouds', Wb. 25b23 . tri dul isna lucu arda, Ml. 23d23 . dulluid Pátricc o Themuir hi crích Laigen, Thes. ii 241.5 (Ardm.). aratesed b isin sillaib tánaisi `that b should pass into the second syllable,' Sg. 21b9 . corop si cetathe ... hi tech n-óil that she go first, LU 8825. tecmaltar a insce dó hi teora bríathra his statement is gathered into three words, Críth G. 40. a guin inna dí chúlaid, 538 . snáidsiunn in sab slúagach | i sossad n-ard n-óiblech `into the high sparkling station,' Fél. Sept. 21. arna tailctis isa ndún, Trip.² 1464. do ḟeitheam a long ... as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in,' RC xvi 142.6 . cloictheach ... ┐ eoin duba diairme índ ┐ as `passing into and out of it,' xvii 394.32 . ar dhol ionnsa bhfiadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1173. gan dul isin mbelach mbodhba sin, ML² 337. éirg i férmaig Taillten tall, Ériu iv 106.2 . a chroch dhearg i ndeachaidh Íosa, DDána 2 § 15. dat. for acc.: arna digsed i nUlltaib, Ériu viii 175.3 . rachaidh i sosadh aingeal, TSh. 801. téidheadh isteach i bpurgadóir Phádraic, Keat. i 48.65 . ná heirg i slánaibh síotha, TD 15 § 45.

2 Denoting state into which : ar cor hi far selbad-si `into your possession', Wb. 8d26 . dotháod som im muindterus ndé, Mon. Tall. 134.31 . ros-lá i socht na h-Ulto, ScM. § 9.1 . is inna réir tíagait `they submit to him', BDD² 791. dol ina troid `go to fight him', Duan. F. i 79.3 . go ndeach mo chorp i gcaoile, Dán Dé vii 23. do chuaidh i dtarbha don tsagart (of a prayer), L. Cl. A. B., 20.12 . Apparently folld. by dat. : co ndechaidh i muinighin Brighte (? or read mBrighte), RC xxvii 292.y . docuadur a millsi brīathar ┐ a cāine comrāidh re chéile, ZCP vi 105.9 .

3 After words denoting hope, trust, belief, respect, liking, attention, etc., and their opposites: ní intiu fadesin dorecachtar `it was not in themselves they hoped', Ml. 53b11 . do neuch no-dn-eirbea ind `that shall trust in Him', 51b10 . tri chretim i n-Ísu `through belief in Jesus', Wb. 3c2 . gan cás at anam agad `not to care for thy soul', Ériu viii 195 § 4. tuigther dhún ... gurub faill tug 'nar tegmáil `that he has neglected our quarrel', iv 216 § 17 . ni raibh cadhas aige i gcill no i dtuaith `he recked naught of ...,' ZCP iv 398.5 . a menma indeḟeithmech dogrés i nDia, RC ii 400 § 42. in midochus dobi acu annsa tor do cosnum, xix 282 § 212 . uair is iniud ata mo tairisi ┐ ni ha caruit cumachtaig ele, TTebe 3673 . san tsúil ... ná cuir suim (dat.), DDána 8 § 5. déin trocaire orainn do réir ar ndochais ionnad, Parrth. Anma 9.2 . d'egla go ccuirfidhe amharas na bhas, Ó Héodhusa 63.8. dimbríogh do thabhairt san uile ní, TSh. 343. dúil ag duine i gcraos ┐ i ndrúis, 396 .

4 After verbs of changing, putting, dividing, ending the acc. is more common (but see supra A. 6) : cona tintuuth i mbélre n-aill `with their translation into another language', Wb. 13a1 . in tan domberam ar menmain intiu co lleir `when we give our mind to them diligently', Ml. 21a8 . fodailter i cóic libru `is divided into five books', Hib. Min. 46. forceinnfitis anmmann inte `nouns would be ended in it', Sg. 6a6 . co ro-deglad a ndeich renda, PH 1212. gurb i luaithreadh do claochlódhthaoi é, TSh. 300. do chuir sin do thuicsin innti curbé Gaibriel aingil ticced do labairt ris `made her understand ...', Maund. § 126. i n-am cruais dá cur im chúis `will be brought against me in my day of trial', Studies 1933, 140 § 12 .

5 Various abstract meanings.

for, on account of : nimbia durata ind `he will have nothing to give for it', Ml. 57a13 . connabáe níi indid n-ingaba á chocubus `for which his conscience may reprehend him', Wb. 11d8 . i ngabál (sic) lóge `for taking pay', 16d4 . bó i ndéicsin [n-]ind for looking into it, Críth G. 211. ca hindeochad do-bérad in rí forru ind (in punishment) for it, BDD² 196. do-gníth in chomairle hísin ┐ do-bertatar glindi ind di síu ┐ anall on both sides securities were given for it, 421 . esrócartha isan ngním sin | seasca lanamna, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 50. dobértar dā boin 'sa mboin ┐ dā cháirigh 'sa gcāeirig, Fianaig. 72.18 . doté(i)t aitire ar ḟer feras in fuil i córus [n-]othrusa, i mboin (`an aitire goes surety for the man who inflicts the wound for [his due observance of] the rule of sick-maintenance, [i.e.] for a cow [as penalty for non-observance ?]', tr. Ériu xii 83.26 ), Críth G. 53. ainmnetach ret ... cride ... rig nime i nnach dortai in doman ... fudomnuibh pian `in that He doth not ...', Ériu ii 118 § 56. Contrast : tucc buidechus do Día in a tindlaicibh, ZCP xi 128.26 .

Cf. indid Niall ... ro malart since it is N. ..., AU i 438.26 . faelid-sem ... hi nglen luch inna gerchrub, Thes. ii 293.24 ( SP ii ). indid Alend is dún fás, Hail Brigit § 14. inid mo athair ... ortabairsi, BDD² 737. olc i n-a ndligend bás d'fhagbail `for which he deserves', PH 2719.

as (see GOI §249.2 ) : tabeir i taurchreicc céile as a fief for a client, Críth G. 252. fáccaib in .vii. maid mboin ... i fochraic in tíre as payment for the land, 94 . gebtit iudei i n-apid, Wb. 26a8 . dobreatha i n-asgaidh dhó as a gift, TBC-LL¹ p. 367 n. 6 . i llóg a batsi `in payment of his baptism', BColm. 10.17 . dia ndechadh ... iom giolla fo[glamma] i n-Espain `als Lehrling', TBC-LL¹ 5662 (Stowe). ar is īatt robói ana farrad ann a fían a saert[h]a `as his protecting fian', BColm. 94.8 . a screbull a todúsc[th]e as fee for bringing him back to life, ACL iii 226.2 (= i screpall, RC xxvi 370.27 ). gur marbhadh é féin 'na éiric, Ériu i 102 § 63. go dtug Brian fáinne óir ... i n-almsain ar altóir Árda Macha, 82.3 . i comhardha na mīrbaile in token of the miracle, RC xxvii 300.14 . ro íarr a n-impidhe `as a request', Fl. Earls 50.23 . co tarttsat a mbú ... i lón sloigh día n-amhsaibh `as provisions', Hugh Roe 68.14 . dat. i forciull ar cainte `as a testimony of', PH 1576. a n-eisimplair ogachta na hi Muire, D IV 2, fo. 45c37 .

II Time.

1 With nouns of time : (a) with dat. to express point of time, (b) with acc. to express duration.

(a) isind óin uáir, Wb. 25b16 . hi cach láo, 4b21 . hi tossuch, 5c16 . i n-aimsir in tindnacuil-sin, Ml. 55c1 . i n-aínib ┐ domnachaib ┐ chorgasaib, Críth G. 145. isin blíadain, Fél. Prol. 281. fíach n-aidci lúoin do tabairt isind Sathurn, Mon. Tall. 137.3 . isin laithiu i rrogénair, BDD² 111. a láoibh áille `on fine days', Ériu ix 168 § 44. lim congébat sind ló baga, TBC-LL¹ 444. i n-aimsir thēchtai at the prescribed time, Ériu i 218.22 . a[n] nemlabhuirt a n-aimseraibh airithe, v 130 § 47 . i ló an mheasa `on Judgment Day', Dán Dé x 6. re sidi ... ngaithi inn a[i]msir gairb, TTebe 2403 . i ndeireadh bheatha, TSh. 885.

(b) is dia bendachthe isna bithu `He is God, blessed for ever', Wb. 4c4 . ní tremfeidliget immurgu issa suthin `(they) do not endure for ever,' Ml. 21d4 . i flaith Conaire in the course of C.'s reign, BDD² 229.

*1 (With verb) when : inraptar lán[a] a c[h]óic blíadna 'when he was five years old' TBC-I² 537 . hi nglen luch 'when a mouse sticks' Murphy Lyrics 2 § 6 . hi tucu cheist 'when I understand … a problem' ibid . imsa naídiu 'when I was a child' 86 § 5 . imbu macán when He was a small boy Blathm. 90 § 1 . inde-cluinethar ... inden-aici 'when he hears it ... when he sees it' AM 18 § 59 . i mbi 'when it is' CIH ii 529.20 , Pagan Past and Christian Present 26 . Succat a ainm i tubrad 'Succat (was) his name when he was carried off' Thes. ii 308.18 , Ériu lvi 41 n. 58 . 2 ann = then, in that case :

in tan mbís diabol n-airech désa lais is and is aire désa dia n-eper[r] ..., Críth G. 258. is and is rí(g) in tan dodnimmchellat dréchta[i] gíalna[i], 569 . ar fochraic tucustar duine a fearunn ann-sin, Laws iv 136.7 Comm. is and dixit in ben thereupon , ScM. § 3.4 . in tan ro ngabsat na curaig tír, is and robuí Mac Cécht oc béim tened i mBruidin Dá Derga, BDD² 479. is ann sin trá do-luid Conaire íar Slighi Chúalann, 429 . ba forpthi, anōraigthe a lá-sa ar na mirbuilib imdaib-si forcóemnacair and, Ériu ii 196 § 14. cuirid daeine úaisle comurtha ... ara n-aighthib, óir ann is dóig léo fein co ra bíattis uáisle 'sa doman `for then they think ...', Maund. § 158.

Pleonastically after nouns denoting time, when these are used adverbially :

do-luid feachtus n-ann dar aenach mBreg Léith `once upon a time', BDD² 2. a mbūi-seom laa n-and for Bendaib Bairchi one day, Ériu ii 22.5 . luid C. fecht n-aen ann do accalldaim in ríg, RC vi 175.52 .

III With nouns denoting occasion or circumstance : i cach caingin `in every dealing', Wb. 25b5 . isin tsenmim dedenach `in the last call', 13d18 . ar mu sémi-se ... isnaib fochaidib, Ml. 22d1 . foghlaim ad lenph when thou art a child, Ériu v 134 § 82. co mbo ḟortachtaigthid do Pátraic ┐ co mbo dítnith in cach guasacht ┐ co mbo comdídnad iarsna saethraib, ACL iii 10.13 .

IV Frequently forming prepositional and adverbial phrases, e.g. i n-agaid against, opposed to : gē mōr do shluaguibh ... biadh ionn bur n-aghaidh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1907. armad treisiti a nert ind aghaid a namhat, Ériu viii 174.15 .

i cend

(a) against : do scáin in comla 'na cend `the door burst in towards them', Ériu iv 118 § 28. nach tuigit a nguasacht no go tecat lucht innill na sás-sin i n-a cend, PH 7739. coimēirghi na cōig cōigedach i n-a c[h]enn, ML² 1136. ná digis t'aenur | i cenn ríg Temra, SG 365.10 .

(b) as well as, in addition to : cech cúmsanad hi cend a chele, PH 3647. do-chuirfed tuilled i n-a chend, 7730 . cion Eabha i n-aghaidh an Dúilimh | doirbh téarnamh ó théid 'na cheann `when others are added to it', Dán Dé iii 16 .

i cinn at the end of : hi cind nói mblíadan, Ériu iv 94 § 12. conarba luga hí hi cind mis oltás orcc cránai, PH 7210. hi cind Ruis Omna `at the head of ...', BColm. 82.19 . i ndead after : i ndead innanísin, Sg. 1a5 . regad i nbar ndīaid, TBC-I¹ 509. amal atberum i n-ar ndiaid, PH 63. i ndegaid after : cech consain i ndegaid araile, Sg. 7a4 . foraindi ┐ for ar maccaib i n-ar ndegaid, PH 2731. i ndochum towards : ronfáid ... i ndochum n-Iffirn, SR 1856. i ndorus in front of : for-ránaicc ... a ndorus a lis, BDD² 1514. i ndorus do thige, ScM. § 11.5 . ro cing Poimp indorus a pupaill for in eac[h] sin, CCath. 4738. i ndorus Ierusalem, ACL ii 144.22 . suidis Cáilte ar in carn i ndorus in dúin, SG 139.10 . i fochair along with, in the company of : is it fhochair-siu bed-sa, CCellaig 789. am f[h]ochair, ML² 774. i fus here : in slog biid i fus, SR 4537. in tan nad bi Adam hi fos, 1193 . fad gairit bias Cáilte ibhus, SG 139.x . Somet. of this world as opposed to next : na da bethaid iarsa fhognann (MS. ḟogh-) cech iresech i-fhos (MS. i ḟos), PH 3547. do nirt a shúalach i-fhus (leg. i ḟus) i nnert a fhochraice forórda ┐ a bethad suthaine thall, 4674 . i lleth with, in the company of : ní-terpi illed nach áili `thou dost not trust thyself with anyone else', Wb. 1d10 . hóre attá innar leid `because He is with us', 4b11 . Colmān ... im leth `by my side', BColm. 94.23 . dire so fuil i leth inneic is dir do biadh along with what is due ..., BCrólige § 17 n. 4 . i leth fri in regard to, with : batar ... i nilar comperta i lleith re mnaibh ilarda `in many unions with several women', BCrólige § 57 n. 7 . is cinntech i leth fri Dia ┐ ecinntech i leth fria dainib `finite to God, infinite to men' (of the number of the angels). PH 6218. cen co derntar gabail ... i lleth friu `though an attack be not made.in regard to them', BCrólige § 37 n. 2 . iss ed fodera in comrorcu sin dam il-leth frit-sa that caused me to doubt you, MacCongl. 57.6 . i tossuch at the beginning : i tossoc[h] ná epistle, Wb. 14b2 . i tosach nach lae, CCath. 3807. adv. a n-as irchride is hed doralad hi tossuch, Wb. 13d8 . i tús at the beginning : indroet som sochaidi hi tús `at first he had received many', Mon. Tall. 135.17 . i suidiu then, thereat : ro-boí buille dar áo i suidiu, ScM. § 18.4 .

mainche

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mainche or dil.ie/31351
Last Revised: 2013

 

n , f., (abstr. from manach, or perhaps <monachia `cella seu obedientia ab Abbatia dependens', Du Cange ).

(a) a monastic family or community: cach m.¤ (.i. fine manach), Laws iii 36.1 , 6 . sléchtid Iserninus du Patricc for a manchi ┐ a andoóit, Ardm. 18a1 = Thes. ii 241.3 , Trip. 344 (but here in sense service according to Byrne, Peritia iii 316 ). biaid relec d'arc[h]anglib im c[h]luain . . . do dín ma degmainc[h]e `to preserve my good services' (? to protect my community), BColm. 30.23 . loc a hadnaicthi 'n-a húir mainche dilis `in its own conventual (?) mould', RC xii 424.18 .

(b) service (gifts, tribute) rendered to a monastic community or its head: cuir na saermanach . . . gin cindu do techt fuithib acht giallna ┐ mainche, Laws ii 218.2 Comm. focerd a mainche fri eagluis, iii 68.5 (i.e. becomes a `manach' or ecclesiastical tenant?). is eadh is ail damh, mas airichthe mo dhuthracht curub airichte mo m.¤ la Senán (i.e. that S. may perceive not only my zeal but these tangible proofs of it), Lism. L. 2363. im ba ar ndilsi co n-ar claind a mainche duit-si? Anecd. i 41 (`shall we and our descendants be in servitude to thee?' Ériu iv 43 ).

reiclés

Cite this: eDIL s.v. reiclés or dil.ie/34939
Last Revised: 2013

 

n m. g s. n p. -a. Not found in O.Ir. Etymology doubtful; Stokes in preface to Three Hom. suggests a formation from Lat. reclusum, i.e. a recluse's cell; later in Lism. Lives Index, from ro-eccles (< ecclesia), i.e. a large church. Also written reglés: rigles, BColm. 18.21 , ZCP xii 393.33 ; reidhglés, Ériu v 84.16 .

(a) orig. an oratory or small church built by an Irish saint for his own use; sometimes used to include the plot or enclosure about it. ó tharnic in recles do chumtach ┐ ro fhás a fér, rucc gilla Dáre a ech isin recles (= ecclesiam), Lat. Lives 61.12 ( LB 28a57 ), cf. tuctha dá ech Dare inna recles for fér, ar rob férach ind relec (= in oraculum), 15.2 . do bhúain crand do cumhdach reclesa, Lism. L. 2585 (of an oratory built by St. Findian). teora bliadna boí cen lés | Colum ina dubreclés, LU 652 ( ACC 24 Comm. ). Cainneach a nDoire do grēs | is Brenaind 'sa duibriglēs, ZCP xii 393.33 . pl. mo roilge, mo roiglēs-[s]a, ib. 34 .

Hence a monastic cell , the hut occupied by an Irish monk in a coenobitic settlement, and in general an anchorite's cell: is uathad nech díb téged as a recles acht mad don eclais (= extra cellulam suam), Lat. Lives 92.16 , cf. 96.13 , 97.3 . issé [Oengus] no chanad a thṡalmu . . . .l. isind abhaind . . . .l. dano fón ṁbile feissin ┐ .l. ina reicles, Fél. 10 z . reccles diamhuir derrit . . . oen-mac [ec]ulsa . . . ic cantain a urnuighthe innti, RC xiv 58 § 72 . it' recles (reiclis v.l.) oc ernaigdi, Ériu iii 108 § 49 (Rule of Ailbe). téid an inghen la Mochuda ┐ dogní reclés di hi cCluain Dalláin, BNnÉ 296 § 29 (= construxit cellam, V. SS. Hib. i 185.33 ). dochuadar fo hErind . . . ┐ ro gabsatt cellae ┐ reclesae, BColm. 8.23 . Loosely used to include buildings and ground of a community: ni tharla bó isin recleis ind inbhaidh sin (of Brigid's community), Lism. L. 1369 . In fig. sense: reclés Hérenn Glenn Dá Locha `Abbey-church' (i.e. monastic centre), Triads 11 .

Later used generally of a church connected with a monastery or of the monastery or abbey itself. ? In annals, a small conventual reliquary church ( Peritia xiii 259-75 ): gur bennaigh reiccles riaghalta, Anecd. iii 3.3 . gan leabhair náid mionna i reighléis ná i mainistir `abbey-church', Keat. iii 2768 . don recles re nabarthar Senboth Átha, BNnÉ 216.1 = ad monasterium, V. SS. Hib. ii 149 x . Dunadhach in reiclesa Coluim Cille i nArd Macha, AU 1010 . la aba[i]d reiclesa Poil ┐ Petair i nArd Macha, ii 242.5 . celloir mor-reiclesa Daire `manciple of the monastery of D.', 256.6 . Ard Macha do losccadh . . . idon na huile reiclesa ┐ in[n]a huile tempaill . . . cenmotha reicles Brighti, 194.18 (`the houses of Canons Regular', MacCarthy); cf. AFM iii 48.1 . Ecclesiastical enclosure, subsiduary enclosure within a larger settlement: in reclés .i. in n-eclais mbicc, Trip. 970 . conaitigir Pátraic ined a reclésa fair, 2700 . dair mor Reglesa Fingin, CS 256.2 (s.a. 1013) .

In wider sense of a church or chapel in general: reigless onorach, Fl. Earls 40.11 (of a chapel in a castle of the king of Spain). reccles, 34.20 = sepel, ib. 6 .

(b) in follg. exx. used of a tomb (perh. through influence of reilec): isin ecluis tucad inud a reclésa do . . . ┐ is and ro hadnuiced é, Laws i 204.15 . bid tosach deg-[g]rēsa dam | reclēsa na rig-apstal, ZCP xii 397.12 (poem on the graves of the Apostles, called `reilgi' elsewhere in it).

reilic

Cite this: eDIL s.v. reilic or dil.ie/34955

 

Forms: reilce, relec, -reilce, reilg, roileg, reileag, relgi

n f. (Lat. reliquiae) n p. reilce. g p. relec , LU 4040 . -reilce, Fél. Oct. 1 (in sense b). Later forms are roileg and reilg. roileg reileag f., IGT Dec. § 54.11 . g s. relgi, ex. 1404 .

(a) a burial-place , used both of pagan and Christian cemeteries: fecerunt fossam rotundam (in) similitudinem fertae, quia sic faciebant (Scotici) homines. Nobiscum hautem reli(c) uocatu(r) id est reliquiae, et feurt, Trip. 317.18 ( Ardm. 12b1 ). relic .i. a reliqui[i]s sanctorum , Corm. Y 1096 . reilic, gl. coemeterium, Ir. Gl. 691 . rupu sí a rreilic, gl. quorum cadavera prostrata sunt in deserto, Wb. 33a22 . combad he bad reilec adnaicthi dó ┐ día chlaind in Brug, LU 4109 . for son reilgce, `nach Art eines Friedhofs', Wortk. 201 ( SR 4411 ). iat tri réilce idlaide relec Thailten . . . relec Crúachan . . . ┐ relec in Broga, LU 2875 (= BB 249a5 ). rob í Tailltin tres primh-reileag na hEirenn, Ériu iii 150 § 2 . tempaill Dea ┐ relci idal, CCath. 5647 . i rrelgib idhol, 4008 . a chorp do léigean i reilg iodhal, Keat. ii 5412 .

Usually of Christian cemeteries attached to a church or oratory, somet. including the latter: in scuap bís immon corp ica thabairt do chum relggi, LL 161a marg. sup. roileg uasal Oireachtaigh | innte rob áil lem loighe, ZCP xii 393.24 . nach itge gigestar do Dia oc relcib nóemaib, Ériu ii 196 § 12 . dolluid desel relci, MacCongl. 11.3 . iar ccoisreaccadh tempall ┐ relgeadh, AFM iii 8.16 . In Laws allusion is made to the custom of taking oaths in cemeteries: dombeir fo secht relgaib he proffers it (an oath) at seven cemeteries , v 454.32 Comm. diablad luchta fira docum reilgi doubling the number of testators in the cemetery , Cóic Con. 37 § 50 . See ib. p. 64 and Ériu ix 114 . etach reilge (a funeral-due to the church), Laws v 432.14 Comm.

In follg. exx. seems used of the enclosure round a saint's `reiclés' (which became later a burial-place): tuctha dá ech Dare chuca ina regles . . . ar rubu [ḟ]érach ind reilec, Trip. 228.15 . rucc na bu do lār na reilcce, BNnÉ 315 § 10 (of Rahen). co cloisind núall ri táeb reilcci, fuam na fairrge, ZCP v 496 x (poem attributed to Colum Cille on an island). In follg. exx. of the church itself: almsa menic maith | don relic dian toich, KMMisc. 264.7 . guth an c[h]luicc in gach roilig buig, ZCP xii 395.4 . cf. ACL iii 233.20 (where read: in cach reilic mbuig). do chumdaigh se imat reilg . . . .i. tempall Anacis Granis . . . ┐ tempall a n-anoir San Sem, etc., ITS xix 12.20 (eclasa v.l.). Cf. basil[i]ci .i. relci, ar batar rig tantum no adnaictis intib, O'Mulc. 128 . Freq. in place-names, s. Hog. Onom. s.v. relecc .

(b) in pl. relics (of a saint): im reilcib Póil ┐ Petair, Lat. Lives 20.3 . cona reilgib (.i. cona taisib), ACL iii 20 § 47 , cf. Trip. 84.18 . notabar fercubat fir isind adnacal ar nā tucaiter do reilci ┐ do thaisi ass, Trip. 252.29 . ? foracaib P. reilgi sruithiu i lLecain Midi `relics of elders' (? ancient relics ), 82.5 . itat a relce ┐ a thaisi . . . i talmain, Lism. L. 2775 . reilci Patraic do tabairt i scrin, AU 552 . féil nóebreilce ṅ-úasal, Fél. Oct. 1 .

(c) in B. na f. a body (of a living person): mo c[h]orc am reilic (.i. mo chraidhe am chorp), ZCP v 487 § 1 .

1 tír

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tír or dil.ie/40940
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tíorthann

n s, n. Later m. and f. ( IGT Decl. § 45 ). Later inflexion: tíorthann, Ezekiel 5.5 .

I

(a) earth, ground (opposed to water): tīr i.e. a terra , Corm. Y 1251 . bai for tir co tirmugud, SR 1686 . co fáoi .ix. n-oidhci la cach mnoi for tir tartha, Dinds. § 5 . mac in trebthaig issin (cusan, cusin v.ll.) t.¤ , Ériu ix 48 § 27 . a Dé doní in muir | a Dé doní in t.¤ , LU 9870 . cuiridh na tulcha isna fantaib corop t.¤ flat, arable land, RC ix 16 § 4 . a t.¤ buic `in soft land,' Laws iv 130.18 Comm. dotháet dochum tíri, TBFr. 210 . fosceirdside issa t.¤ súas in slig, 236 . íar t.¤ dochuatar, iar muir tancatar, PH 7038 . fáiltighis tonn ┐ t.¤ roime, ML² 536 . ba fāilid muir ┐ tīr da thoidhecht, 1582 . ro gaibh tīr ocus caladhport, RC xxvi 272.14 . gur ghabhadar t.¤ i n-oileán, Keat. ii 517 . ar tir on land , Fl. Earls 58.9 .

(b) portion of land: is ed tīr insin bas óenach cluchi dod claind-siu céin bes flaithius hi Temraig, ZCP xiii 372.21 = is í an tīr sen, iii 459.3 . ba mór leo do t.¤ aurland Temrach they thought the green of T. took up too much land, Ériu iv 124.5 . is i rogha rugsadar cuairt: trian da thir ocus gusna hearnailib bide malle ria, Laws iv 216.20 Comm. atait tri tire aile nadat usa for Feinaib na breithamnaib do tinntogh, v. 428.2 . do teit fer tiri co fiadnaib leis owner , ii 120.24 Comm. comnattacht tir a athar fair, CRR § 53.

(c) territory, province (cf. talam I (c), (d)): in rí conic aingliu | is coimmdiu cech thíre, Fél. Prol. 160 . ni mesa indas talam for tire si, Ml. 34a5 . [trúagh] sin, a magh mBregh mbuidhe | a tir n-alaind n-adguide, AU i 438.21 . cen a t.¤ i fail do rúaim, Hail Brigit 26 . t.¤ ṅdorcha ... dianid comainm Iffern, SR 871 . i tirib anheoil, 3180 . dar mór tíri, dar mór tuath, 5474 . cinnas in tíre doráncamar ? t.¤ ndúaig n-úathmar, TBFr. 385 . buí cara damsa isin tírsea, BDD² 262 . cía raghas dond éitseacht isa t.¤ , 438 . Temair ... imme, maith an t-āighi | suides flaith cech tiri, ZCP viii 108.2 . lacht ┐ iascc, mil is mes | in cech t.¤ thuaith ┐ tes, 109.4 . atád trí tuatha 'na t.¤ | cíos no cāin ní dlegar dhíbh, 116.14 . na treba ┐ na tirthi, ML² 90 . uair gērbo tenn in teidm sin in gach t.¤ eile a n-Erinn, dobo mó isin Mumhain hé, ML² 92 . do dhealbh ar rí-ne an mhuir mór | do shnoigh na tíre gan tál, DDána 42.31 . a-tá re hathaidh d'aimsir | 'n-a t.¤ dhorcha dhoghailsigh, 73.3 . na cúig tíre im Fhonn nUisnigh, 107.25 . na tíre a téighe sna tráighe | míne réidhe áille iad, IGT Decl. ex. 1155 . díbh a rí cál ar críchne | trí tírthi san n-ágh uáighfe (lochdach), 1243 . san bhferann mín cráobhach gcrosach | a t.¤ bhráonach dosach Dé, 1245 . lucht an tire, Fl. Earls 92.22 . do mhuintir na tíre sin, Rel. Celt. ii 178.7 . ar tholchaibh uaigneacha na tíre, TSh. 6033 . ? To this: fechtas dolluid rí Eoganachta for tiri hi crích ┐ hi cendathaig n-aile, LU 1649 = for creich ┐ innrud ilchennadach, Immrama 26.9 . ? Leg. for creich tīri.

Sg. (and sometimes pl.) with following gen. of description: dús in rista t.¤ na mban Land of Women, Otherworld , Imr. Brain § 30 . ní chían co t.¤ inna m-ban, § 60 . dodeochad-sa ... a tírib beó áit inna bí bás nó peccad Land of the ever-living , LU 9996 . oc ascnam tíre tairṅgiri inna mbēo Heaven , Wb. 11a19 . cu bhfaghbhu-sa faeilti ac muinntir nimhe i T.¤ na mBeo, Lism. L. 2578 . do chorcair tíre na finn country of the fair, SG 239.38 . a tírib na Fomóire, BDD² 918 . a tir mac nisrael, Hib. Min. 92 . tir na nóeb Heaven , SR 575 . Lobhais, righ Franc, ┐ Ioán a mc. d'éc ac dul isin Tír Naímh 'Louis, king of France, and Johan his son, died on their way to the Holy Land', AI 370 (s.a. 1270.10) . go righeam tair ais go T.¤ na n-óg, Oss. iv 240.z . dia lot i tir Sgāidh (: lāim, cf. ZCP ix 234 n. ), Anecd. iii 54.20 . ag bainrioghain Tíre an tsnechta, RC xxix 126.2 . ríghdhacht tíre an tsnechta ` Livonia ,' Maund. § 7 . t.¤ tairngire, see tairngire (b). co rup hi a fhirinde ┐ a chumachtu fógnus det-siu isin t.¤ tall in the next world, PH 2773 . Of actual countries: cathraig tíre iudae insin, Ml. 17c10 . gabais Mac Con t.¤ mBanba, RC xiii 466.12 . co mboí i tírib Connacht, Aisl. Óeng. § 10 . atdob-rarbadse a t.¤ Hérenn, BDD² 416 . do c[h]lochaib tíre na h-Innis, ML² 1481 . a tírib hIndia do, PH 820 . clár buidnech mar th.¤ Temrach, Metr. Dinds. ii 46.4 . rop nem thened t.¤ Húa Neill immi, BDD² 240 . Hence people of a territory: do bhátar an tir uile i naoinionad, Misc. Hag. Hib. 36.29 .

II With qualifying adj. or gen., of measures or kinds of land: t.¤ mbó measure of land: is ed t.¤ mbó la Féniu insin, foloing .vii. mbúu co cenn mblíadnae, Críth G. 92 . t.¤ claidim land won by the sword: isse dorigni t.¤ claidimh di ar eigin, Cóir Anm. § 76 . `gebid óen na tire' ... `Ca t.¤ as assu lat do thabairt dunni ... co ndernam t.¤ claidim dé,' LL 333a42 . t.¤ cumaile measure of land: ceithri bai fichit ar tir cumaile don etham is ferr, H 3.18, 3 24 ( O'Curry 662 ). da forraig dec i tir cumaile dia fot, se foirrge din lethet, ma beith ina toimsib techtaib, Laws iii 334.22 Comm. ocht traiged fichit ┐ .vii. ced (ar míle, add. later) troigh fod tiri cumaile, H 3.18, 490b ( O'Curry 1224 ). ocht traighthi fichit ara a x. ┐ cethre fichit do fichtib traigh a fod tire cumaile ┐ a leith dia lethat, 651 ( O'Curry 1466 ). tir cumuile og na ogaireachuibh ocus tir cumuile d'imarcuidh ag gach gradh o tha sin co righ tuaithe, Laws ii 12.14 Comm. tir cumaile oc na ocairechaib, tir da cumal ac na boairechaib, H 3.18, 332 ( O'Curry 681 ). t.¤ ndibaid coitchinn land of a deceased person which reverts to the fine: tir ndibaid coitchenn , Ir. Recht 7.25 . intan is tir dibaid coitcinn tainic do cum na fine, is amlaid ranntar hi, H 3.18, 478a ( O'Curry 1199 ). t.¤ ndiguin inviolable land: sé ba i n-oen athghabáil ina thir diguin, O'Dav. 1185. t.¤ domaisi ? : `tir domhaisi' cach sliab slán, Metr. Gl. 3.7 . t.¤ dúthaig homeland: seacht dtroighe mo th.¤ dhúthaigh, PBocht 21.1 . t.¤ linde the land of the pond, part of mill: tir linde, Laws i 124.18 . tir linde .i. aenraed .i. bhis i n-ind in ena in uisci, 140.16 Comm. t.¤ mór mainland: iter Toraig ┐ t.¤ mór, BCC 104.8 . t.¤ tretholl hollow land, churchyard: t.¤ tretholl .i. relec , ACC § 93.

III In adverbial phrases

(a) is tír, in, into the land: Doirb is Maeith is Cuma in comlaind | comanmann mac Tlachtga is t.¤ , Ériu x 77 § 12 . ┐ nir gabsat do thenn istir acht mad sin nama, Ann. Conn. 1276.2 . Aed mac Torrdelbaig do athrigad ┐ Mac Branain dia tabairt istír, 1353.4 . tuc leam hi is-tír-so, PH 231 . aithris a ndearna is t.¤ thall, Aithd. D. 29.26 . suairc an sgéal-sa tarla is t.¤ , Dán Dé xxix 12 .

(b) In phr. do-icc a dt.¤ lands: is iad Clanna Mhíleadh tug an t-ainm sin [ar Éirinn], sul rangadar i dt.¤ innte, Keat. i 100.67 . iar dteacht i dt.¤ dóibh i dtuaisceart Éireann, 212.55 . tig an leac tre lár na mara | leat mar budh clár tana i dt.¤ , PBocht 10.46 . go ttāngatar ... a ttīr sa fFraingc, Fl. Earls 24.14 . Hence survives, exists, subsists: féuch féin ... an éidir leat teacht a tt.¤ gan an ní, Desid. 5647 . na neithe as riachtanas damh dochum teachta a tt.¤ , 1220 . é féin do thabhairt a tt.¤ (he) to live, 6953 . a teacht a tt.¤ ar smeara, F V 3, 116 ( Gadelica 64.39 ). baintreabhach ┐ dílleachtaidh tigheacht i dt.¤ air gach lá, ITS xvii 167.1120 . uim úr eolais an sceoil se thig i dt.¤ which is coming to pass, xviii 112.1 . Also tugaid i dt.¤ spends, passes (time): thugadar a n-aimsir i dt.¤ i bhfochair an Rígh ag muirn agus ag macnas, ITS i 164.2 . tugamaid an chuid eile dhar saóghal a tt.¤ anois mar a diarfadh gach duine againn do dhéanadh, Gadelica 65.9 .

Frequent in placenames, see Hogan Onom. .x. treith tire iacih, Ériu ii 4.7 =Tīr Īath Tiree , Wortk. 160.

Compds. tírfhrecor, tírfhrecuirthe (?).

tretholl

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tretholl or dil.ie/41859

 

adj (tre + toll) pierced: in tan asat t.¤—sa, TBC-I¹ 3632 . techfetsa remut-su inbaid bus chrechtach crólinnech t.¤ tú bar cath na Tána, TBC-LL¹ 2879 . robo truag torrsech t.¤ ... Fir Bolg an aidche sin, Ériu viii 56.5 . conách dechaid éladach betha uada díb ceinmothā ēntriar tre tholl crechtnaigthe, ZCP xiii 207.5 . comtar tretholla táib trenḟer, TTr. 1715 . a corp t.¤ ... iarna tholladh do dhaeluibh, Lism. L. 2962 . gurbho h-oirbedha tretholla ... na troim-sgēith, ML² 1818 . sé t.¤ treghdighthe, Hugh Roe 226.18 . isin charraic threthuill ` hollow ,' Metr. Dinds. iv 218.11 .

In phrase tír t.¤ graveyard: tir t.¤ .i. relec , RC xx 270.13 ( ACC 93 ). tir treatholl (sic leg.), Lism. L. p. 317.16 . tír tré tholl .i. reileacc, O'Cl.

2 úam, úaim, úama

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 úam, úaim, úama or dil.ie/42730

 

Forms: úamh, úaim, úama, huam, úaim, úaimh, uai, uaim, uama, uaimh, uai, huai, uaimh, uama, uam, uamaid, uamhaigh, n-uamaidh, huamai, huama, úamh, húama, húaime, huamad, uai, húaim, uaim, úaimh, uamai, uamaidh, uamadh, uamhaidh, uamhaigh, uam, úama, uamh, uamanna, uamh, uamanna, n-uamhadh, uamann, huamai, uamhoibh, uamannaib, huaim

n three forms are found : úamh ā, f. ( IGT, Decl. § 39 ). úaim i, f. ( IGT, Decl. § 42 ). úama d, f. ( IGT, Decl. § 4 ). Sometimes n in pl., see. exx. below. n s. huam Sg. 52b6 . úaim, IGT, Decl. ex. 436 ; ex. 1438 . an úaimh , ex. 124 , ex. 478 . uai, ZCP viii 106.29 . Todd Lect. vi 44 . in uaim , PH 523 . in uama , Todd Lect. vi 48 . a du. an da uaimh , BNnÉ 68 § 109 . a s. uai, Ml. 39a3 . PH 447 . huai, SR 6350 . uaimh, TD 16.38 . in uama , PH 350 . uam, 1083 . uamaid, 1036 . Todd Lect. vi 49 . uamhaigh, Ériu i 28.177 . 183 . a n-uamaidh , Fl. Earls 208.8 . g s. na huamai , SR 6354 . na huama , PH 351 . Todd Lect. vi 47 . úamh, IGT, Decl. ex. 55 . na húama , IGT, Decl. ex. 616 . na húaime , ex. 1165 . na huamad , PH 6367 . Todd Lect. vi 48 . d s. uai, SR 6382 . PH 6282 . Études Celt. i 87.7 . a húaim C., LU 8762 . uaim, PBocht 124 § 18 . TD 16.41 . úaimh, IGT, Decl. ex. 578 , ex. 1336 . uamai, PH 1003. 1005 . O'Gr. Cat. 357.25 . uamaidh, ZCP vi 93.9 . RC xi 129.5 . asin uamadh , [leg. -aidh?] BNnÉ 68 § 109 . i n-uamhaidh , AFM vi 2260.13 . a n-uamhaigh , ZCP xi 122.21 . uam, PH 957 . n p. úama, TBC-LL¹ 5044 . uamh, TSh. 8118 . uamanna, PH 7746 . a p. uamh, Ir. Monthly 1920, 596 § 27 . Cog. 253.11 . uamanna, Cog. 188.2 . g p. na n-uamhadh , Dán Dé v 41 . uamann, LB 154b48 . d p. huamai, SR 1896 . uamhoibh, L. Cl. A. B. 112.28 . uamannaib , LU 1328 .

(a) a cave : huam (gl. specus), Sg. 52b6 . is inann antrum tri Laidin ┐ umha (v.l. uama) no clais a Gaedilg, Rosa Angl. 210.7 . trí dorcha Hérenn: úam Chnogba, ú.¤ Slángae, dercc Ferna, Triads 42 . Uaimh Pádraig (i.e. St. Patrick's purgatory), TD ii 288 . Uaimh Letha ib. (i.e. `The Sibyls' Cave,' S. Leslie, St. Patrick's Purgatory, 1932, p. 165 ). Uaimh Achaidh Alda ..., uaimh Cnoghbhai, uaimh Fert Bodain ..., ┐ Uaimh mnā an Gobhand ... d'orgain lasna Gallaib, AFM i 496 = AU 862 . For other exx. of n.l. see Onom. uaim becc co crú asaine innte, Todd Lect. vi 44 . ro gair in úama, Mer. Uil. 76 . a s. fofúair ... huaim , SR 6350 . in tan ro-sia in uama, PH 350 . dochoid ... Ioseph isin uamaid, Todd Lect. vi 49 . fri huamaid anair, PH 6338 . tar isin uamhaigh, Ériu i 28.183 . a breth a n-uaim (of a distress), Laws ii 128.15 . g s. is amlaid tra bói in tech sin ┐ cóir uama bice ann, Todd Lect. vi 42 . cloch búadha i ndédchnáim do dornchla | sbécláir úamha dorcha duid, IGT, Decl. ex. 55 . tochailt uaimhe, Keat. ii 3541 . inotacht na huamad-sin, PH 6367 . d s. dochuaid Saúl immach asind uaim, SR 6382 . badhbh ag búain chrú dod chrúisigh | do dhúisigh thú a n-úaimh ḟásaigh, IGT, Decl. ex. 578 . tucsat ceand Eoin leo as in uama a mbói, PH 957 . o mbatar na fir noemu isind uamaid, PH 1003 . n p. andar leis bátar úama ursloicthi atchonnaic and, TBC-LL¹ 5044 . Metaph.: uamanna accu (i.e. the devils) i n-a híchtar, PH 7746 . a p. a shluagh an domhain déanaidh | uamha doimhne i ndroibhéalaibh, Ir. Monthly 1920, 596.27 . ro sir ... uamanna na Fotla, Cog. 188.2 . d p. basa i n-uamannaib dorchaib, LU 1320 . inn uam[h]annaip ... ṡlebhe Peil, CCath. 5632 . i nhuamaib tírmaib talman, SR 1896 .

(b) a den, wild beast's lair : cuirfidh leanabh a lámh ar úamhuigh an chocatrís, Isaiah xi 8 . do dhéna mé Ierusalem, na cárnuibh, ┐ na húamhuigh dhragún, Jeremiah ix. 11 . do bhádhbhair ... at uaimh fhaolchon allmhardha `a den of foreign wolves' (of Enniskillen Castle), Studies 1922, 409 . ar ndul d'amharc uamha an leómhain, TD 16.37 . i n-imeal na huamha, ib. 38 . do theilgiodar é a n-úaimh na leomhan, Dan. vi 16 . a fox's earth: atáid uamha ag na sionnchaibh = `foveas' TSh. 8118 . do chuaid sé [viz. an sinnach] ... dá uamhaidh féin, SG 3.33 . go huaimh an tsinnaig, ib. 37 . a robber's den, a den of thieves : baile eisidhe baí i na uaimh lattronn, ┐ i na mhuine meirle (of a castle), AFM vi 2106.21 . da-ronsabar-si imorro di innossa co n-id uaim latrand ┐ cennaiged hi (: Matthew xxi 13 ) PH 4397 . ní heclas, acht úam latrand ┐ tádat a hainm la Críst, Ériu i 219z . Rule of Tallaght § 57 . ceall dia ndentar uaim tadhut, Laws v 118.3 . tech dia ndentar uaim tadhut, 160.3 .

(c) a cellar; crypt, vault : iar siriud a tiged ┐ a n-uamann, LB 154b48 . co rucad maithes na cathrach ... co muoi isin úaimh, Anecd. ii 54.17 . fo altōir mōir na heguilsi uaimh i n-a ffiuilit taisi ┐ adhnacal deich mīle martīr, Fl. Earls 210.10 .

(d) an underground passage or souterrain : uaim élaid ro bói acum-sa assin cathraig immach fon talmain ... (lit. cave of escape ), Mer. Uil. 222 . dorighneadh uaimh talmhan go roibh [ag] tarraing faoi in c[haislēn], Cín Lae Ó Meall. 16.3 . (for the confinement of prisoners:) sarcomrac cip no cuithe no uamha for inndilsech, O'Curry 2385 ( Eg. 88 f. 30 (31)a ). a catacomb : eirgit a n-uamaidh thalman ... .i. relec Calisti, Fl. Earls 208.8 . isan uamaidh sin tra ro bhíttiss apstail ... an Tigherna for imgabāil ┐ for teithedh na n-anchristaigedh, ib. 11 .

(e) a grave, tomb : ullmaigthe in uamh fám comair `the grave,' O'Gr. Cat. 347.3 . ní cúis uabair a Dé dam | mé sin uamhaid am aonar `in the tomb', ib. 4 . an cholann do chor i n-uaimh iomdhomhain urghránna, TSh. 1108 . laoich ... i n-uamhoibh criadh go cumhang, L. Cl. A. B. 112.28 . do éirigh tusa an treas tráth | ón uaimh gérbh éachtra ionghnáth, A. Ó Dálaigh xlvii 10 . an t-aonmhadh lá déag a-droigh | cách a huamhaibh 's a hallaibh, DDána 29.16 .

(f) a pit : an tan do fhuilngeadar a bheith tarnocht san uaimh thalmhan (i.e. Joseph), TSh. 4688 . nó-go tuitenn se i n-uamaid in báis (metaph.) PH 7734 . Of hell : do-ní Dia an uaimh ifreannda gona pianaibh do bhagar ar na peacthachaibh, TSh. 6783 . mairg ricfad uaim ifirn áin, Ériu ii 229 § 6 . gin i n-uaimh Ifeirn ... gan omhan trés an uamhaidh, Studies 1936, 67.25 . do chreachthóir úamha ifirn (i.e. Christ), IGT, Decl. ex. 1312 . a n-íchtar uaime ifrinn, SG 45.25 . (Cf. gríos na n-uamhadh gach re n-am | bhíos na fhuaradh dom anam, Dán Dé v 41 . gríos na huamhadh gach ré n-am | bhíos 'na fhuaradh don anam, TSh. 6220 ).

(g) of a pool : atá uaimh uiscci do lethtáob na hecailsi `a pool of water,' Maund. 153 . Cf.: fodhomhain, -uaimh, eas, slugán, a gulf , Kirk ( Eg. Gl. 340 ).

(h) of an oven : a cur a nuamhaigh no ar tine no go nderrna min de, Irish Texts v 8.5 . a mbeal na huamha at the oven's mouth , ITS xvi 120.14 . re haghaidh aráin dollmhúghadh is an uamha, 10 . sluasad iaruinn aco le ttógbhaidís an tarán as an uamha, 13 . Cf. 1 úamain .

(i) in Laws: fortoing cach uaim cach ulaid .i. uillidhe na iath in ulaidh cumdacht .i. airde na in ferann a mbidhsi, O'Curry 1384 ( H 3.18 629a ) i.e. `the superior (ulaid) swears upon the inferior (uaim),' Plummer MS notes. oll uaim bis fo aill (etym. gl. on ollam), Laws v 28. 16 .

Compds. ¤choimetaide warden of a cave : uamchoimetaide thige Mail M., Anecd. ii 54.18 . ¤dorus a cave-door, entrance : is edh ba tegdais ┐ ba leaba ligi do, uamdorus dilenn mór fil isin carraic-si, CCath. 2908 . oslaicter bar n-uamdoirsi pianta ┐ riagta, 4261 . ina mbattor d'uamdoirsib iffirn i tir na T. ro hosslaicit in adaigh sin, 4317 . ¤ḟochla a pit : clasacha ┐ úamhḟochladha talmhan ro claidhset an Gaoidhelsluagh for ciund na nGall, Hugh Roe 170.15 (f. 45b) . ¤poll: Gráinne ... do mheall sí Diarmuid ... go ndeachaidh lé i n-uamhphollaibh, Gadelica i 241.15 . ¤scailp a cave-cleft : uaimscailp (v.l. uamscailp) urgranna ... inn accomul cairrci slébhe E. `a cavernous cleft,' CCath. 4106 . ¤thech f. a cave-dwelling : i n-uamthig (v.l. uamaibh) thalman, TTebe 148.179 (v.l. uamaid). Of a fox's earth : go ndechaidh [an sinnach] for teithed ana uaimthigh, BNnÉ 104 § 7 . ¤tholl a cavern, cavernous hole : ro ansomh budhein ... i n-uarbhothaibh uaiccneacha, ┐ i nuamhthollaibh talman `caverns underground,' AFM vi 2260.11 . i scailpib carracc ┐ i n-uamtollaib talman, CCath. 3083 , 3960 .