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áilges

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áilges or dil.ie/1007

Forms: á-, ailgess, ailgis, ailgais, algis, algais, hālgese, algessi, algaisse, ailgeasa, t-álgas, áilgi[o]s, algiusa, ailciusa, alghusa, álghais

n ā, f., later (?) u and o, m. The meaning and earlier inflection are against analysis as deriv. of álaic (cf. Desid. Gloss.) though the rhyming exx. ( Metr. Dinds. iii 62.107 and bardic verse passim) indicate long á-. The length-mark is not usual in early exx., and Heldensage 69 , on the basis of Corm. Y 62 , takes as compd. of 2 ail and geis `Schimpf-Bitte' (note that geis in general sense of request is poorly attested). Desid. Gloss. suggests compd. of áil and geis. In later verse with unlen. -g-, as shown by the rhymes quoted infra.

As ā, f. n s. ind ailgess , Corm. Y 62 . a s. ailgis, Thes. ii 339.5 . ailgais, 47 . algis (: Pictavis), Fél. Jan. 13 . algais, LU 9727 . g s. na hālgese , ZCP ix 449 § 2 . algessi (: deissi), Metr. Dinds. iii 138.18 . algaisse, Folklore iii 503 § 40 . n p. ailgeasa, Laws v 352.1 .

As o and u, m. n s. in t-ailges , Laws i 300.12 Comm. in t-álgas (: thángas), DDána 7.36 . a s. áilgi[o]s (: fáidli[o]s), Metr. Dinds. iii 62.107 . g s. algiusa, LU 2809 . ailciusa, LB 155b16 . alghusa, Desid. 6523 . álghais (: ccais, leg. chais, ed.), O'Hara 3180 .

(a) In legal sense demand, request (usually made by poet): ailgess . . . .i. geis guide, ┐ is ar ail didiu nammā doberar in gude sin, nī har a molad. sechtmad dano lōge enig indī cosa connegar ind algess; is ī ind ailgess tēchta, Corm. Y 62 (cf. Heldensage 69 cited above). ni diles in t-ailgeis do berar don file ar eagla aoire, O'D. 541 ( H 3.17, c. 434 ). tri ruidles ollaman ailges ┐ anamhain ┐ glaimh dicend, O'D. 2319 ( Rawl. B. 506 , 33b2 ). ailges do ceanduibh an extempore demand, O'D. 2208 (Nero A vii fo. 144a). atait secht n-ailgesa breithe la Feine .i. secht n-oll-geisi no secht is tairmisge ar in mbrethemain, Laws v 352.1 . in tailges dligthech .i. ris in ti na damann dlighedh do iar tabairt ailgesa air, i 300.12 Comm. ini gellus in ben tar cenn a heinig .i. in ailges indligthech, v 216.5 Comm.

(b) General sense (importunate) wish or request: in clam gáde ailgis (.i. a itge) dí, Thes. ii 339.5 (Hy. v). ni dlegar dím acht oenailgis isind losa, RC iii 179.6 . tar ēsse na halgese forfuirmis the boon thou hast requested, ZCP ix 449 § 2 . trí hailgesa (haisgeadha v.l.) étúalaing `three impossible demands', Triads 113 . In special phrases. gaibid a.¤ DE: demands: co rragbat algis dia gaibseom . . . atá i tairṅgere dia gaiseom rí do marbad de mani gabthar algis de let them demand his spears, LL 13941 . Crechmael drúth Énnae . . dorochair and oc gabáil algessi do ingin macdacht through desiring a girl, 22255 . rogabsat na mná ailgis do Chonchobur, 14328 . rogab algais de im athchuingid fair demanded a request of him, LU 9727 . Cridenbél Cáinte gaphais algas dim . . . im na tri mirionn as dech dim cuibrind demanded of me the three . . ., RC xii 64 § 27 . tarla clamha dhó . . . gabhsat ailgius de cu tart a chasal doibh, Lism. L. 2389 . gnim nailgesa .i. á.¤ do gabail de tre ngnim ndraighechta, O'Curry 457 ( H 3.18, 243a ) (ref. to geis in sense of magic). do-beir a.¤ FOR demands of: is e dorat algais for F. `who made demand of F.', Folklore iii 469.5 . tobert ailges forsind rīg im ḟeis laiss, Anecd. iii 57.7 . fo-ceird a.¤ FOR: íarna chur do feraib Herend algiusa fair immo fis cáit ro adnacht D. after the men of Ireland had requested of him to know, LU 2809 . ro laisi trá fo deoid algis fair sium co tudchad for aithed léi she begged him to elope with her, 2930 . do cor algusa for Lucc ōn `this was a challenge to Lugh', RC xii 78 § 72 . As quasi vn. oc a.¤ FOR: og áilghes fair importuning him, Hugh Roe² 78.6 (fo. 20b) . ro gabsat ic saint ┐ ac ailcius debtha for Troiandu, BB 429b20 .

(c) strong desire, wish: tercci in bíd ┐ met a ailciusa and the greatness of their appetite, LB 155b16 . gan ailges bīdh gan bethaid mēth, ZCP viii 231.21 . cor-gab saínt ┐ ailgius catha . . . na curaid, TTebe 2610 . acht gníther tol ┐ áilgius ┐ accobur Priaim and, LL 229b 44 ( TTr. 932 ). ar accobor ┐ ar ailgius leo na timna . . . diadha do comhallad, Lism. L. 3312 . na neithe da ttabhratais lucht aingcisi . . . miana ┐ áilghesa, BNnÉ 128.28 . re h-ailgius na h-ingabala eagerness to escape, MR 318.25 . ó uile ālghas do chroidhi with all thy heart, Desid. 4819 . ní dáilghes a hionnmhais, AFM v 1652.5 . tic algis . . . on croidhi appetitus, Ériu ix 64.29 . mé gan m'álghas d'iongabhail (: rángas), Dán Dé xxii 16 . ní don bhaile do bhí m'álgus (: fhágbhus), L. Cl. A. B. 83.43 . an t-álgas fhuair an bhean / uaim, DDána 7.36 . damh fa álgus a oirimh (: fádghlas), IGT Decl. ex. 1319 . fa álgas ḟir m'ḟiadhaighthi (: tángas), ex. 1292 . Note also: re frepta do liaig .i. in re bis in ailges `the time that he is in illness', Laws v 308.y Comm. áilgheas `the dysentery', Celtica vi 68 .

airríge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airríge or dil.ie/2369

n (airrí) errige Herend, LL 12691 ` governorship ', RC xiv 407 . rogab airrígi n-Egept (: glaindírge), SR 3372 . dorat . . . Foraind a.¤ nEgipt d'Ióseph ` lordship ', Celtica iv 16.3377 .

1 ais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ais or dil.ie/2466

n back, hinder part: for a.¤ in slebe on the ridge of the mountain, RC v 200 § 12 (cf. a .i. cnoc, O'Cl.). ? do treabaidh a.¤ na muire, Leb. Gab.(i) 36.11 . Cf. colla tha.¤ be off, Mon. Tall. 130.12

Frequ. in phrases with prepp., with or without poss. referring to accompanying noun or subj. of verb.

With AR, FOR: dena coinmed cruaid do shlūaig ar cech aiss (: tais) `on every side', KMMisc. 262.2 ar cach a.¤ co roicher Róim (: mhais) that somehow or other I may reach R., SG 29.34 . ar a.¤ back: tērnoidhiss ar a.¤ , Fl. Earls 130.33 . miana an chuirp do chur ar a.¤ to drive back, Dán Dé xix 8 . an séad-sain ar a.¤ d'fhagháil to get back, DDána 102.33 . do bhuain na hinghine ar a.¤ `to recover the maiden', TD 20.51 . ar a.¤ ní fhuighbheam do mhóid /cóig glais muna fhuilngeam uaid `I shall not set back Thy anger', Dán Dé ix 3 . With poss.: luid S. for a a.¤ S. went back, Trip. ii 394.17 . tángadar ar a n-a.¤ , Maguires of F. 22 .

With FRI: a.¤ re ha.¤ together, DDána 90.14, 38.10 . Frequ. in phr. gaibid fri ha.¤ (fria a.¤). Prob. in literal sense in: ra gab-sum a charpat re aiss he took his chariot on his back, TBC-LL¹ 6048 = fria ais, TBC-I¹ 3622 . In later lang. sets about, undertakes, takes over, takes charge of: crann snais do char ar mo cheanaibh / gabh ret a.¤ 'n-a aghaidh `set about plying an adze on my sins', PBocht 4 § 36 . g abhaim re ha.¤ clódh do ghníomh, Content. xxvii 12 . gabhaidh (sic leg.) re a.¤ . . . gach neach takes charge of, Dán Dé xiv 5 . cia ghabhas m'anmain ré a.¤ `who will take charge of my soul?' iv 1 . aire rogab ainm ria a.¤/ara altrom a Cromglais therefore he took the name, RC xvii 150.14 (Tig.). a leigheas ní ghéabh rem a.¤ I shall not undertake, Dánfhocail 210 . doghabh ré a a.¤ cádhas ┐ onóir do thabhairt don fhír-Dhia, Keat. ii 5370 . rogabh re a.¤ nach ligfedh aenduine tairis isin conuir, ZCP vi 56.9 ro gabh fein an oifficc sin fri a a.¤ , AFM vi 2020.5 . Note also: ro chuiredar ra haiss aris she is sent back again, LL 7482 .

Further uses (in some exx. in literal sense): dambeir ria aiss tarsin n-uisci he brings it on his back (brings it with him?), TBFr. 216 . mo dhuanaire tabhair ret a.¤ bring along with you, Studies 1923, 598 § 5 . Rí na hinogbála cona chroich . . . re a.¤ carrying His cross, RC xxviii 316 § 24 . an chroch d'iomchur ré a.¤ féin / do Chríosd dob éigin ei-séin, Dán Dé xx 22 . go n-iomchram an chroich ret a.¤ along with you, Aithd. D. 92.17 . fuarusa re ha.¤ an fhir / seal dob áoibhne dárbh fhéidir by his side . . ., Studies, 1918, 452 § 8 . fuireann d'fhíoruaislibh a chúigidh féin re ha.¤ gach ríogh dhíobh together with, Keat. iii 571 . re ha.¤ gcearcaill na cruinne in addition to the circle of the universe, Studies 1918, 281 § 12 . Cf. in dan Laidni ata uaidh le hais na bethadh do scriobh i Laidin follows (goes with?), Mart. Don. xxv 9 . ria a.¤ in addition, Leb. Cert. 32.z .

With TAR. Usually with possessive: ro chachain . . . laíd dó dara a.¤ over his shoulder, LU 6789 . fil suil ṅglais / fégbas Erinn dara ha.¤ , 308 . ro-ling isin carpat īar cūl C. co rragab a chenn dara aiss seized his head from behind (him), Sc.M² 20 . co rop ar m'agid sair toethus ┐ na rap dar m-aiss síar backwards, TBC-LL¹ 2310 . co torchair faon fortarrsna dara a.¤ isin luing, RC x 185.22 . trilis tara haiss síar over her back, LU 4519 (TBC). rolā a moing dar a ha.¤ , Fianaig. 16 § 43 . ní racha sibh tar bur n-a.¤ you will not go back, Fier. 79 . ni tiucfa beó tar th'a.¤ as súd `thou wilt not come back alive', ZCP vi 72.30 . na huili uisci do dhul ina certinadh . . . féin tarana.¤ arís, RC xxviii 310 § 3 . ros-láset ind ḟairend daranaiss behind them (oppd. to arambelaib), LL 219b34 ( TTr. 192 ). Without poss. cuirfe tar a.¤ a n-iomshníomh you will dispel their anxiety, DDána 74.57 . fógairthear tar a.¤ na huile `wrongs are repealed', TD 32.67 . iar dteacht tar a.¤ do Dhiarmaid, Keat. iii 2160 . nach féidir gairm thar a.¤ do dheunamh air cheachtar don dá bhreitheamhnas to revoke, Donlevy 186.21 . In phr. druim tar a.¤ (falling) over backwards, head over heels, upside down: co tarrla druim tar a.¤ dochum in tsrotha, RC vi 177.108 . an long d'impodh druim tara.¤ capsized , ZCP vi 294.20 . cuirfid se in cride druim tar a.¤ , PH 7798 . do theilgis mo ráitte-se druim tar a.¤ = retrorsum, TSh. 1596 . Note also: bid dál ḟota hí ni ba dál dar aiss (: brais) (of Doomsday), LL 307a10 ( SG 386.20 ).

aithisiugad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithisiugad or dil.ie/2722

vn. of aithisigid(ir) act of reviling, blaspheming, insulting: robá occa n-aithisigud, Wb. 28a9 . ro boí hic aithisiugud Patraic, Trip.² 1160 . blasfemia .i. dremm dia aithisiugud, Fél.² clxxxvii 17 . condearndáois a glamadh et a aorad ┐ a aithisughadh, TBC-LL¹ p. 441 n.2 . for athisiugud in chlérig, LU 324 . rogab Persaual fora aithaisechadh féin began to revile himself, D IV 2, 75b10 .

álaind

Cite this: eDIL s.v. álaind or dil.ie/2881
Last Revised: 2013

adj i lovely, fine, splendid . Attrib.: briathra aildi, Ml. 31a24 , 55a11 . ális ... óclaig n-á.¤ , Trip.² 2221 . Ioseph ... / aite á.¤ Íssu, Fél. Mar. 19 . gnúsi alle etroctai, LL 12055 (TBC). léni á.¤ óengel, MU² 747 . tochim fossad n-á.¤ , LU 8252 ( FB § 20 ). echrada ... áilde, BDD² 452 . fo grinnib áillib a ḟén, LU 6488 (TBC). Diardaoin aluinn , Eochairsg. 118.22 ; 'Feast of Corpus Christi' Éigse xiv 121-22 , xvi 238 . is annsa Cedaoin ria nDardaoin álainn chuirp Chrisd torchuir Cathal óg, ALC ii 444.8 (s.a. 1581) . Of a place: Clúana álne (alle, aille, alaind v.l.) hEuis `of beautiful C.E.', Fél. Apr. 4 . i fiad móralaind Masten, LL 4126 . a crichaibh glanaille ... na Gréige, ZCP vi 290.28 . 'na thealaigh áluinn aonuigh, TD 28.9 . Of weather: lá n-á.¤ i n-amsir samrata, LU 10791 . lá áluinn don oidhche gheimhridh / do-ghéanta cheana ..., DDána 2.13 .

Pred.: ni alind in ball nád chometig don chorp, Wb. 22a13 . is alind sen sobrich, 31b35 . alind á óiph in forcitil, 7c1 . cid álind cid etig, Sg. 28b6 . alind son, 138b3 . ciaptar áilli ili / maic D., Fél. Prol. 133 . caírthend ... it áildi limm a cháera, TBFr. 214 . gurab álainn oireaghdha bhíos anam an fhíréin, TSh. 1328 . sódh ní hálainn gan fochain `a return purposeless is uncomely', O'Gr. Cat. 352.24 .

Equative: aillither snechta noenaidche, MR 64.z . See also under áilligid. Compar.: is áildiu a mmág rogab súil oldósa, Wb. 12a25 . áilliu cach dath alailiu, BDD² 999 . nach álaind atchíd ba háildiu lee Fróech, TBFr. 217 . aille an aittreabh gusa tteighim (Maedóc Ferna of his approaching death), BNnÉ 272 § 244 . With de: ba háillide sidhe bláth fuirre (of an apple tree), BNnÉ 293 § 14 . Superl.: is hé láech is áildem ro buí, TBFr. 4 . ba sí ... as áildeam, BDD² 1003 . With form of compar. is tú is áilliu i ndeilb duine thou art the fairest in human form, Ériu iv 104.z . clár do b'áilne snoidhe sain, DDána 32.22 . ailli de laechuibh dia slōgaib ┐ dia n-ainndribh `the fairest of fighting men', Marco P. 152 .

Adv. tancatar as co halaind cin daine do marbad dib excellently , Ann. Conn. 1225.10 . doromailt uile co fosadh ┐ co halainn (of eating spoiled food as if it were good), BNnÉ 300 § 3 . is é m'éara go háluinn that is refusing me effectively, DDána 11.31 .

alchaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. alchaing or dil.ie/2895

Forms: alchuing, ailcheng, ealchuing, alchuing

n f. Also alchuing, ailcheng. ealchuing, alchuing f., IGT Decl. § 13 (? 1 al (but see Marstrander, Lochlann ii 215 ) + cuing) rack for hanging weapons, etc.: alcheng ab alligando .i. arma, Corm. Y 97 . alchung quasi arm-chong .i. congbaid arma, 85 . alla .i. ab alligatione equorum. Sic alcheng a ligando arma, O'Mulc. 39 . a.¤ quasi archuing .i. congbail arma, O'Curry 83 ( H 3.18, 63 ). ro ir dom. .. .x. faidlenda (= aidlenda) .i. alcainge co n-imdenum, Ériu ii 5 gl. 87 . rogab in crimall ... anuas da healchaing, Laws iii 82.x . luirecha ara lebarealchaingibh, ML 76.9 . ní thogaibh laoch do leith Cuinn / arm ... dá ealchuing, Aithd. D. 39.22 . ealchuing ar gach slios díobh ┐ a lán bacán ionnta ... ┐ is ar na bacánaibh do chuireadh an seancha sciatha na n-uasal, Keat. ii 3895 . do lámh fan ccráoisigh na cearchuill / as dál fáoisimh d'ealchuing é relieves the a. of its weight(?), IGT Decl. ex. 876 . do chúl cam ní healchuing áer air is no support for(?), ex. 631 . fearg Ríogh na n-uile ar a ha.¤ `though God's wrath be laid aside', Dán Dé xii 3 . Common in descriptions of tumult, clamour etc. in which weapons fall from their racks: conná rabi gai for a.¤ ( ailching, BDD² 498 ) inte, BDD 55 (of the tumult caused by arrival of boats). cuna fargaib sleg ar aidlind ... ná claideb ar a.¤ , MU² 496 . In token of sympathy with death or disaster: co ndechraigsetar ... airm ┐ alchaingi (wounding of Cú Chulainn), LL 22086 . do tuitetar na leabhuir ... don ealchuing ar a rabhutur (a monk's death), ZCP x 246.19 . an adhaigh théighe tar tuinn / raghaidh Éire dá healchuing, Aithd. D. 36.28 . Fig. of a warrior's hands: a.¤ gai glaiss a glacca, LL 15337 . Of a person: Cairbre ... ealcuing congbhala an crábhaidh, AFM iv 670.9 . ealchuing an enigh, IGT Decl. ex. 632 . Cf. mag al cuing (? read chuing, GOI § 825 ), descr. of a girl's bosom , ZCP iii 245 § 52 .

See alchaill.

? altdus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? altdus or dil.ie/3029

n rogab . . . a mathair Lugaid ina.¤ ar a sgath, H 3.17, 765.4 (in altus `to nurse', MS. Mat. 508.5 ). Leg. i n-altrandus?

anál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anál or dil.ie/3335
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: anál

n ā, f. Orig. vn. of anaid. Celt. Verb p. 186 . Pedersen, Litteris ii 77 - 94 (Best Bibliogr.), LEIA anál f. IGT Decl. § 149 . n. sg. anáil, Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 58 § 31 . act of breathing; breath: donanáil gl. anele, Gild. Lor. gl. 123 ( anhela, Du Cange , see Ascoli xxxiii ). ic egmig impu . . . fot a n-anali till out of breath, LU 1902 ( RC x 56.15 ). anála fer ┐ ech, 9246 . anáil nathrach, 5442 (TBC). rob imda airech . . . ica urgabail ar n-urnaidm a anala air through shortness of breath (of fleeing men), MR 318.11 . tocbaid bar n-anála i núachtur bar cléib du bar n-étrummugud tairis, Mer. Uil. 65 . tromtínfed a mbrenanala, BB 495a8 . bolad fína lía anóil (: óir), LU 3640 ( SCC 31 ). a.¤ mnáa lat ingin breathes like a woman, Fing. R. 373 ( ZCP iii 5 § 14 ). omun iar sin hi cride / iss a.¤ hi trommchride (on the situation (in the body) of the passions and propensities), ACL iii 223.10 . lán dom anáil ón uabhar puffed up with pride(?), Studies 1924, 87 § 16 . cuir mar thúis anáil th'ochta / fam ghnúis d'fhagháil fhurtochta, DDána 67.30 . goill dom athchur 'sdom arguin / . . . / rug a hanáil óm inntinn, 90.5 . do-bhir dá ḟine a n-anáil `who gives life to his kinsfolk', TD 32.80 . lé anáil na nél um nóna / fér ag fagháil chóra a críaidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1153 . d'anáil óirmheirgeadh the breeze caused by the waving of ensigns, L. Cl. A. B. 100.200 . lé séideadh nó lé súghadh a anáile, TSh. 1896 . oiret anala géoid the slightest breath, RC xxiv 381.18 . táinig d'anáil chuaigh fa Chormac `such fumes arose from the goblet', TD 29.34 .

In various phrases. do-beir a.¤ fo breathes on: a ndorat a anáil foí when he blew under it (of a fire), Trip.² 132 . tuc a a.¤ fai iarsin `the Devil breathed on him them', BCC 454.28 . do-beir a.¤ for: dobeir an sacart secht n-[an]ála Dē for a muin the priest breathes seven breaths of God on his back (significance obscure, apparently a form of appeasement), BColm. 96.27 . dobeir íarum an t-airchindech secht n-anāla Dē for a muin corigci an lic i ndorus a tighi apad, 29 . gaibid ar (for) a.¤ : no co ngaba for thrí ara anáil till he thrice holds in his breath, Mer. Uil. 135 . rogab for a anáil, CCath. 2072 . do léici, léicid a.¤ exhales breath: crét tái cen t'anál do lécud immach? PH 8136 . ro teilgedh a anál, CCath. 2164 . aithinne dubh . . . léicis Mlaise a anáil foillsigh / fúithib gur shoillsigh, SG 27.33 . dia ttealccat an lucht úd a n-anala get breathing time, AFM v 1766.24 . do-léici, léicid a.¤ do: ma tarlaic a nanala doibh if he gave them a breathing space (of driving cattle), O'Curry 2325 ( Eg. 88, 25 (26)b ). ro léc a tri nanala doib, O'Curry 2341 (ib. 26 (27)c ). intan dorelced mo anāl damsa provided I can breathe, TBC-I¹ 2192 . nír léig Gall ort a anáil 'no foreigner breathed upon you', Giolla Brighde 40 § 5 .

In descriptions of heroes' feats (precise application not clear): rothchless ┐ otar ┐ cless for análaib (of Cú Chulainn), LU 5972 (= gless (cleas St.) for a.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 2111 ). eter chles for análaib ┐ ubullchles ┐ siaburchles, 8442 ( FB 30 ). léim tar neimh ┐ cleas fur anala, RC xxix 128 § 35 . ro clisius for analaib / uasa uíb ( ? uas aúib) na n-ech, LU 9345 . immasleig cach la beirt immin n-araid gabáil na n-ésse biid uasaib ┐ análaib, 9294 . Cf. in descriptions of fighting: is amlaid bís mo chú . . . oc imguin ós analaib, TBC-LL¹ 531 . arfich ó aíb ech ┐ analaib fer, LU 8347 ( FB 24 ). atrácht a én gaile osa anáil co m-búi for folúamain imma chend (of Hercules), LL 225a48 ( TTr. 600 ). rachomaicsigsetar na catha da ceile . . . co raeirgetar a n-eoin gaile ósa n-analaib, 239b42 ( 1706 ).

Of recitation, ref. to the number of words, etc. to be spoken in one breath: intan ba roscadh . . . cindas nothomsidhe? . . . do focul forba anaile no-taispenta don choiceadh focul, uair is coic focail romesadh i n-anail in filed by a word completing a breath which was indicated by the fifth word . . ., Auraic. 930 = 3860 . dilius do bair[d]ne a tomus et coir n-anala their measure and correct phrasing (lit. breathing), 3528 . is é cóir nanála .i. narop sia las in bfer nít gaib (= nodgaib ?) ó aná[i]l cen (leg. cech ?) leth ┐ gach cethruma inás a céile, ar na roib cam .i. cin claen dona claenaib . . . that the man who recites it in (one ?) breath may not prolong any one couplet or any one line more than another(?), O'D. 1222 (H 2.15, 86b). Of the chanting of psalms: a sailm iar fersaib ┐ linib ┐ adhantaib ┐ analaib, Laws v 24.9 Comm. oc cetul a shalm . . . for aillib ┐ annalaib ┐ ernalib, MacCongl. 13.11 . Of the recitation of a magic formula: D. doroine dic[h]etal do cennaib for enanail do cuingidh feraind for C., LL 392b53 . Similarly: for óenchoiss ┐ óenláim ┐ óenanáil rachain dóib insin uile, LU 6983 = BDD² 562 . Legal: tucait mbinniusa .i. a foclaib ┐ a nanalib diction and enunciation (of speaking in court), O'D. 849 (H 3.17, c. 603). fot naen anala do boaire, ┐ .u. focuil inti, a dó do filid . . . a tri do flaith . . . a secht do eclais, ┐ nai focail cethrachat indtib, O'Curry 698 (H 3.18, 337). go deich do foclaib ┐ vii nanala don eclais ┐ vii focail in cach anail . . . da anail don fili ┐ v focail in cach anail, 227 (122).

On the connection between a.¤ and poetic art (aí), see Celtica vi 215 ff. do glaine n-anáile, Ériu xiii 37.15 . do-glind anáil / ailibh caoinibh / inghen gaoithe . . . eisimh teisimh / eallaing, teallaincc, 16 . a hainm (i.e. aí) i ccaoimthecht fria hanail, 39.24 .

Compd. anal-utmall of quick breath, panting , CCath. 4956 .

angbaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. angbaid or dil.ie/3623

adj Mid. Ir. writing of an(d)gaid, O'Brien, Ériu xi 157 . Distinct word, LEIA (andach). wicked; fierce, ruthless: angbhaidh .i. peacadh, O'Cl. angbhaidh .i. cruaidh an gaisgeadh, ib. lorc didiu a.¤ nó lainn-fordiuclandtaid, Dinds. 9 ( BB 357a46 ) = O'Mulc. 780 . droch-mac Iesse aṅgbaid (Saul of David), SR 6138 . i cin for nidal naṅgbaid, 5483 . Ailill angbaidh (he was guilty of rape), Anecd. i 51 § 8 . a lucht in sceoil scithaṅgbaid (of wicked women), Rawl. 72a26 . Adam is Eua aṅgbaid, LL 17402 . rīgh rogabh in doman thair / dar comainm Irūath anbaig, Ériu iv 174 § 3 , xi 157 . duine angbuid nobid oc slat, Trip. 482.2 = andgaid, Trip.² 2612 . ailgisach angbaidh in fear dana, BB 259b6 . Aithirni aṅgbaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 106.53 . on droing a.¤ anniartha, Cog. 50.22 . in cath-milid . . . a.¤ , 194.18 . d'Éireamhón angbaidh, Content. v 32 . Of animals: fúargg ind eich a.¤ amnais, Metr. Dinds. iii 456.82 . romarb ind leoman n-aṅgmaidh, LL 397b7 . ar cach naen anmand nangbuidh, uair angbaidh cach míl a comaiches trespassing animals(?), Laws iv 82.2 Comm. ba . . . angbhuidh adhuathmhar an míl, Lism. L. 2216 . Of a place: sīraitreb ifirn a.¤ , Ériu iii 30 § 16 . o Drobaís dianaṅgbaid, LL 1023 . mac on Echtgi aṅgbaid, Anecd. i 49 § 16 . Of actions, fights, etc.: cuibleng a.¤ , SG 333.25 . tumha . . . n-angmoigh nainnsercoch a violent kick, ZCP x 292.24 . ba haṅgbaid a ṅgním ṅgle, LL 22299 . In cheville: lotar .vii. cét armach / uadib aṅgbaid dulad, Arch. Hib. ii 55 § 10 ( LL 182a40 ).

In favourable sense valiant, brave(?): ó Adam ḟírbind aṅgbaid, LL 665 . laich angbaide . . . / gon(a) danaibh go n-dechraibh `valiant', Todd Nenn. 136.1 . a.¤ in raind, MR 210.1 . ? atteoch frit a n-usce / ┐ in n-áer n-angbaidh, ZCP viii 232 § 6 . As adv.: creanadh a gnúis ghlé gan ghairge / ré go hongbhuidh `opportunely' (boldly?), Ó Bruad. i 104 xxvi .

As subst.: in taṅgbaid Lucifur, SR 1512 . a a.¤ anfhéil (to Satan), PH 3930 . cech echtach cach aṅgbaid / i slabraid ros nass, LL 18633 . fan a.¤ n-irgalach, fa Osgur, Fianaig. 60.20 . ō rogab talmain na tor / nī fūair a.¤ in tobor, ZCP vii 498.z .

Cf. angadh, Gadelica 70 .

See also an(d)gaid.

ánrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ánrad or dil.ie/3757
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: anrada, anrai, ánradh, ánrath

n o, m. Note also g s. anrada, Laws v 112.28 Comm. and perh. n p. anrai, Celt. Rev. iv 206.13 . ánradh, ánrath m., IGT Decl. § 11 .

(a) poet of the second order, next in rank to an ollam (see Bürgschaft 14 ): ānrud nomen secundi gradus poetarum .i. srut[h] án in chāinmolta ūad ┐ sruth ina mmōine chuige tar a n-ēisi, Corm. Y 40 . anruth .i. sruth cain molta uadh ┐ sruth indbais do, Laws iv 358.21 Comm. rigbard ┐ anruth bairdne, IT iii 5.9 . seacht ngradha filedh: ollamh, anradh . . ., 112.14 . secht ngraid file .i. éces, ansruth, cli . . ., Laws iv 356.28 . anruth . . . ar cetharda asberar .i. ar aíne a forcedail etc., 4 Comm. fichi set do anrud ┐ biathad da fear dec, ┐ turtugud cuig la dec, v 68.17 . .xxx. i cléir cac olloman ┐ a xu. i cléir cach anraid., LU 302 . ní h-ármiter na fosceóil sin acht do chethri grádaib tantum .i. ollam ┐ anrath ┐ cli ┐ cano, LL 189b51 . adbretha anraidh, IT iii 31.20 . craeb airgdide uaso, uair issed no bíd uasna hanrothaib. Craeb óir . . . uasna ollamnaib, RC xxvi 10.z . do scoil ollaimh nó ánraith (:dánboith), IGT Decl. ex. 354 . Compd. ? ¤-bard: anruth bairdne (anradhbhard v.l.), IT iii 5 § 2 .

Of other professions: umaide ┐ cerda ┐ lega . . . nochanuil ni dia nansrothaib, O'Curry 323 ( H 3.18, 178a ) = da tanaisdibh, Laws v 94.y Comm. in tollam cruitiri ┐ timpanaidh ceithre bai a neineclann cechtarde dib ni fil ni dia nansrothaib acht screpall, O'Curry 324 (ib. 178b ).

(b) Name of noble next in rank to king (see Bürgschaft loc. cit.): cadeat tra imdegla fechemon ar nadmaim . . . ? Ata triar dod-n-eim la Féniu . . . .i. ansruth ┐ daul (= dál) ┐ a[e]nach. is é ansruth imid-ndich .i. ansruth a athir ┐ a tsenathir ┐ ansruth fadesin. ar ní ansruth cert oinfer hi si[n] the kind of a.¤ who protects him is one whose father and grandfather were a.¤ 's and who is himself an a.¤ , for a single man (one generation) is not a sufficient a.¤ for this purpose, Bürgschaft 13 § 45 . ansruth .i. fer imdith a mennut ┐ a crich an a.¤ is a person who defends his home and the territory of his people, Laws iv 348.20 Comm. ( Bürgschaft 14 ). anruth .i. ardnaiscidh, ni nascar fair, amail ro gab rig erenn, 358.19 Comm. (he binds but is not bound as is the case with the king of the Érainn, Thurn. Bürgschaft 14 ). airi fine [idna, ansruth], dae, 344.3 .

(c) hero, warrior, champion: bress Elggae, anblod ānruth, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 22 § 2 . anblod, anreth (.i. anruth), § 3. duthain cach ānroth, ACL iii 229.z . archu anrath (leg. ánruith), CIH iv 1390.24 . arcu ánrada, 1522.25 . ac marbad in arcon anraith, i 320.17 ( EIF 116 ). inanchinged .i. inanroith (g s.), Fél.² xlv gl. 25 . Ailech ágmar rogab ānrath airech Eōgan, Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 1 . la ánrathu, LL 31033 ( TTr. 214 ). eter erredaib ┐ ánrathaib, LU 10281 . ní rega . . . condit roib cáemtecht di ánrodaib Ulad, 4863 = ānrothaib, TBC-I¹ 375 ( TBC-LL¹ 879 ). re hucht na n-ánrath, Studies 1921, 419 § 12 . óig ┐ anraidh na h-Easpáine, ML 44.6 . damhsaibh ┐ danradhaibh, AFM vi 1876.13 . co ndruing do anradaibh ┐ maithibh oile amaille fris, ii 1026.10 . As n.pr. Ánruth Mór macc Amairgin, CRR 46 § 40 . See Jn. Celt. Stud. i 130 - 131 .

aradnacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aradnacht or dil.ie/3940

n (aradu) charioteership: Lóeg . . . i n-a farradnacht ┐ Cu Chulaind i n-a erredacht, LU 9287 = ina aradacht , Anecd. iii 51.14 . rogab a fíanerred aradnachta immi, LU 6384 (TBC). bátár téora búada aradnachta forin n-araid, 6407 (ib.).

Cf. araidecht.

ar-ding

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-ding or dil.ie/4070
Last Revised: 2013

v (dingid or later variant of for-ding Echtrae Chonnlai 180 ) crushes, compresses: arsilsither lāich, diroirpiter coin, ardidsiter eich horses will be crushed, TBC-I¹ 3089 . consāid in rī rūad oirb / ardingg (perh. for arusding, ed.) doibsius the strong king fought for the inheritance, he crushes them . . ., Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 18 § 18 . ? arding a fir mescetlaich .i. bis a cumas a chetuil, O'Dav. 1226 , cf. ar dhiden a ḟir meischedluigh mhuintire for droichbhesaibh, Ériu xiii 18.6 . In Auraic. in phr. airnin a.¤ deḟid lit. n which compresses two letters (the examples are mostly of monosyllables in -nn (-nd) with `middle' quantity of prec. vowel, and the reference is to the change of -nd to -nn. See further s. airnin and 2 forbaid. The reason for the inclusion of leacc in the following ex. is not clear): ernin arding dead amal rogab leacc ┐ ceand ┐ rl., Auraic. 1357 ; 1546 .

ar-reith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-reith or dil.ie/4267

Forms: arriuth, ararethi, arareith, arrethat, -aratha, -arrais, -áirsed, -arrais, -arraid, aroírachair, arroerachair, -arrass, -arrus, airrecht

v ( air-reth-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 598 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. arriuth, Thes. ii 228.31 . 2 s. ararethi, Wb. 6b22 . 3 s. arareith, O'D. 2212 (Nero A vii, 46a). 3 pl. arrethat, Ml. 56d12 . ? Indic. impf. pass. sg. -aratha, Laws ii 128.2 Comm. Subj. pres. 2 s. -arrais, TBC-LL¹ 1282 . ? Subj. impf. 3 s. -áirsed, RC xxii 402.1 . Fut. 2 s. -arrais, TBC-LL¹ 1283 . Pret. 3 s. -arraid, Hib. Min. 70.20 . Doubtfully as depon.: aroírachair, Trip.² 727 , arroerachair, 1169 , 1179 (see GOI 432 ). Pass. sg. -arrass, LL 3828 . -arrus, Dinds. i § 14 ( RC xv 281 ).

Later somet. with f- in prot. forms.

Vn. airrecht. Cf. árrachtu.

In O. Ir. arriuth gl. adorior, Thes. ii 228.31 ( PCr. 60a6 ). arrethat gl. quare peccatores aduersus iustos arma corripiunt, Ml. 56d12 . Perh. with meaning accuses, brings to trial in: ní latt aní ararethi et ní lat in cách forsammitter, Wb. 6b22 (assails, OIPG Vocab.). ? fer arareith fer arareither, O'D. 2212 (Nero A vii, 146a).

Usually sets out for, captures, overtakes: aroírachair . . .F. . . . in n-abdaine = tenuit . . . principatum, Trip.² 727 . aire coisring iss esidhe arareith tus tuaithi who is head of the túath, O'Dav. 92 (where glossed by fóirethin). ní arraid a gabair ó D. did not get his horse from, Hib. Min. 70.20 . rogab cach ṅdiriuch . . . fo digas na Temrach síar co n-arrass and, LL 3828 . saig brot dún forsin n-echraid dús ar con n-ársimmís (dá ḟios in n-gepmaois v.l. St.) ní díb to see if we can capture any of them, TBC-LL¹ 1321 . meni arrais din chétbulli . . . ní arrais eter chaidche [ar] a amansi . . ., 1282 ( mani thetarrais issin chetforgam . . ., LU 5134 ). nim farraid gaeth, RC x 90.4 . nafairthet (nosfairset; nos fairsidh; nostarrtat; gabaid he v.ll.) 'con tiprait tall, Metr. Dinds. iii 174.83 . ? nos leici uaidib asin tig ina diaid cona harrus, Ir. MSS. Ser. i 182.8 . With FOR (AR): conarraid . . . comrád ḟorru he joined in their conversation, TBC-LL¹ 123 . ro arraid orto `overtook them', Cog. 148.10 . ? muna adma neach asreith (? leg. ar-reith) ar na litheachaibh it accrues to the accused(?), O'Curry 290 ( H 3.18, 1593 ).

asaítid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. asaítid or dil.ie/4373

v (asaít) brings to bed: batar . . . na da mnai i combuid . . . assaitir andis anenaithchi, YBL 128a4 = astuidet i n-oenaidchi, ZCP ii 134 § 2 . anaid . . . co romaisaithiur, Ha. 5280 f. 54a (cited from Plummer MS notes). olc na po matain imbárach not-assáitither `that thou art delivered', RC xiii 452 § 42 . ind aidchisin ro assaíted in ben, LL 13321 . ro hasaited ind ingen iar tain ┐ bert mac, LU 3192 . assaighthear in rioghan réidh, Duan. F. ii 116.1 . rogab for guide na mná / rodusasáit re hóen-lá `he brought her to the birth in a single day', Metr. Dinds. iii 36.32 .

athaig, athach, athad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athaig, athach, athad or dil.ie/4619

Forms: othaigh, athaigh, othach, athach, othadh, athadh, buic

n Form and infl. vary. othaigh athaigh f., IGT Decl. § 13 . othach athach m., § 55 . othadh athadh m., § 11 .

Interval, space, usu. of time, and as a rule in adv. phrases. Distinct from 1 adaig and 2 adaig, Thurn. ZCP xx 358 ff. nir gerr in athuig, Fen. 124.22 . ? ni ar talmain ar nathaidh ni = uiae nostrae non sunt super terram, Laud 610, 8c (Plummer MS notes). ferr ind athaich cen ḟogail / flaith C[h]athail meic Conchobuir `better the time without spoil', ZCP ix 466 § 27 . Dubinrecht mac Cathail C[h]ind / rogab athaich iar n-Ailill `for a while', 464 § 18 . athaidh oile at other times, Dán Dé xii 11 . a hathair i n-ucht Mhuire / athaidh i gcurp cholluidhe, DDána 9.4 . aithidh éigin for a while, Aithd. D. 13.15 . athaidh d'aimsir, Content. v 106 . taet lemm athaig biuc (buic MS), BColm. 16.z . cu n-imthig athach leo he went for a while with them, MU² 672 . codail athach becc, Aen. 1229 . c íís T. . . . athach (: chathach), Metr. Dinds. ii 74.33 . do bhí an Táilgeann ann athach, IGT Decl. ex. 1421 . athadh dár ndéanaimhne dhó he spent a time like us, PBocht 25.24 . is buain áil lachan do linn / athadh ó íbh Táil téigim, IGT Decl. ex. 351 . athadh imchían for a long time, AFM iii 562.18 . iar mbeith athuigh imchian a nualghubha dhó, Desid. 6128 . iar m-beith atha fhada amuith, IT ii2 142.508 . co cenn athaidh do ló iar sin, AFM vi 2072.25 . tig chugainn i gcionn athaigh after a while, TD 8.12 . air nataig aimsiri, BB 238b37 . fri hathaidh m-bic, MR 34.20 . fria hathadh for a while, Oss. v 88.1 . re had ┐ re hathaig, TTebe 2871 . re hothaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 616 . re hethadh fada imchéin d'aimsir for a very long period of time, Ériu v 84.10 . lé hathaidh imchein, AFM vi 1886.17 . athach .i. tamall, O'Cl.

Of space: oclach a cuibrech athach uad a short distance from it, Aen. 426 ( ZCP ii 438.1 ). tar lic T. . . . athach nár bh'fota `a little distance past L. T.,' SG 63.9 .

1 att

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 att or dil.ie/4925
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: ait, atai, aitt, a.

n g s. in atta, LB 142b47 . ait cited Meyer Contribb. p. 155 . n p. atai, Laws iv 16.10 Comm. aitt, H 3.18, 84 b4 . Swelling, protuberance, tumour: a.¤ gl. tuber, Sg. 61b16 (see Études Celt. xi 128 ). co roráith at a cend furi her head began to swell, Vita Br. 42 . con attaibh swollen, Blathm. 443 . go ros lín a.¤ ┐ infithsi mar anáil i llés. TBC-LL¹ 3803 . ro lín tra a.¤ a tengaid, Three Hom. 68.18 . beim facaib feith . . . 'na glas no 'na at no 'na derg swollen, Laws iii 360.23 Comm. cor loigsetar atai na (= no) bolga for a gruaidib, iv 16.10 Comm. rogab iarum a.¤ in n-ingin ┐ ro dún a comlaich con dostacht a hanál, LL 200a36 . atraachtatar Lagin . . . i cúslaigib (sic) a scíath i n-attaib al-lúrech rounded parts(?), RC xiii 90 § 111 . at bronn, O'Cl. s.v. comhaille. at no gearb, Levit. xiii 2 . is inund opostema ri rād ┐ a.¤ boill = dicitur enim apostema . . . tumor, Rosa Angl. 162.5 . haitt glun, name of a disease of horses, H 3.18, 84 b4 . ? ilbheadhgadh is at na bhfear `wounding', Content. xii § 8 . ? in Dond Mide bebais aitt, ZCP xii 234.3 (see Celtica iii 264 n.1 ). ? regaid éc aitti, 238.z. a.¤ dícenn see 2 dícenn. sarcia (= sarcoma) .i. at idhan, ACL i 337 § 130 . Fig. a.¤ ┐ annini na curadu sin `swelling and fury', TTebe 380 . astān cen at `ohne Vermessenheit', Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. xix (1918) 372 § 11 .

As vn. act of swelling: mili reith ar n-a nat d'olaind, Leb. Cert. 48.11 . iar n-at ┐ ionbholgadh fris an reódh, Hugh Roe 24.5 (fo. 7a) . do-bhéra . . . ar do bholg at, Numbers v 21 . nach bfaicenn tu a cíoch ar nat, O'Gr. Cat. 629.23 . go tarla in muir . . . ag at ┐ ag ēirghe, ML² 693 . an t-anbhfann lag ar n-at amuigh (of Lazarus full of sores at the gate), Hackett xxiv 7 . cum atta a n-aithchi (d'at a n-aichtedh v.l.), De Contemptu 2225 . Fig. atá dream . . . 'ar nat súas, 1 Corinth. iv 18.19 .

See atchomall, athchomlacht.

báid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. báid or dil.ie/5167

Forms: báigh, bádh, bágh, bāide, buide, bagha, bagha

n báigh f., IGT Decl. § 42 (95.14) ; bádh m., § 96 (130.17) ; bágh m., § 38 (87.15) . g s. bāide, Corm. Y 878 (= bóid, Thr. Ir. Gl. 29 s.v. Munnu, buide, Corm. Bodl. 16 ). bagha, AU i 318.11 (an. 824 ). Orig. perh. not distinct from bág, q.v.

(a) affection, fondness, attachment, partiality (obj. of affection expressed by gen., FRI (LA), I, IMM): b.¤ Ulad ann `the affection of the Ulstermen for him', Stud. Hib. iv 74 § 74. rogab aen baid uili lucht na hEtaili im . . ., Aen. 1758. baidh ┐ connirchle, D IV 2, 73va33 . fam dhúthchus déunaidh(-se) báidh, KMMisc. 56 § 2. Cf. DDána 90.6 . baidh ar n-aicmeadh rer-oile, 90.23 . ar gceann báidhei-ne an bhean our chief love (of Mary), Dán Dé ii 29 . tug a cheann (c., MS.; ? leg. i c.) báidhe na mban / dhamh tar ceann mo náire neamh as well as the love of women (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1220. a los báidh (: éagcáir), Content. x 10. báidh re healadhain, Keat. i 92.5 . Note also: do ghabh bágh re Manainn mé, Aithd. D. 23.1 (: grádh).

In phr. is b.¤ la is pleasing to: báidh lem chroidhe an cleas ra-niad, Magauran 4298 . báidh leam bhar dteisd ar thuir Chua, DDána 91.14 . tú urlamh gidh bé len báidh / is é ar dturnamh do thógbháil, 65.1 (to the cross over his son's grave).

ar b.¤ for love: ar Dia, no ar baid ri eclais, Laws v 128.11 Comm. ar baig no ar blait, TBC-LL¹ 2339. ar connailbhe ┐ ar bhaidh brathairsi, Lism. L. 3277. Cf. ML² 1573. ZCP viii 214.11 . ar báig ┐ chondalbdus i forithin P., LL 32275 ( TTr. 1464 ). Cf. abraid ris ar in mbaid mbunaid dul lib, TTebe 4660 .

In phr. breth le b.¤ partial judgement: breith le báidh, Content. iv 2. nach inmheasta go mbéarainn breath le báidh, Keat. i 76.46 . Cf. ní rug . . . breith mbágha `a biased award', TD 10.17 .

As quasi-vn. cách mar sin ag rabháidh ruibh, Magauran 2066 .

Attrib. g s. Benncor bagha , AU i 328.11 . brun-dalta baidhe, MR 112.3 . inntinn mbáidhe `a friendly disposition' (Note), O'R. Poems 1649. ár n-aon-leannán báidhe, Keat. Poems 524 (some of these may belong to baíde, q.v.). Cf. tonn bháidh an bhéine (bhéinne, v.l.) bráthar / báthadh féine Chláir Chrúachan, IGT Decl. ex. 1004.

(b) In some exx. with suggestion of pact, alliance etc.: luid E. i mbáigh I. . . . co comtisadh le do digail a sceoil for D., Dinds. 24. dia [gcomhaille] báidh go bráth, ML 92.16 . a sochraide ┐ a mbáidh Ghall, ALC i 4.6 . lucht baidhe ┐ bith-chadaigh, BNnÉ 251 § 206 . is iad rocengal a mbaidh ┐ a mbraithres re cele, Aisl. Tond. 118.3 . TD 26.17 . Ir. Review 1913, 623 § 6 . na Góidhil atrachtatar (sic leg.) in bar mbáigh, Hugh Roe² 130.2 . aga mbeith buain no báidh le Saxancoibh, AFM vi 2056.4 .

bailiugad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bailiugad or dil.ie/5195
Last Revised: 2019

vn [u, m.] act of going mad (?): dolluid iarum for bailegud meraigthi, LL 22214 (= for builiugud a mescdha, BB 388b4 , bailiudh, Dinds. 75 ). rogab Dia deiliugad rogab demon dairigad rogab cidh gaoth golugad rogab bith baoth bailiugad, ZCP vii 309.4 . Cf. bailiud.

1 béimnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 béimnech or dil.ie/5567

Forms: béimennach, bémneach

adj (-mmn-) o, ā (béim). Also béimennach. smiting, dealing blows, cutting: nathir bémnech brecc, Thes. ii 327.18 (Hy. v). bairnech b.¤ balcbuilleach ` blow-dealing ' (Gloss.), BDD² 809. scíath brec b.¤ fit for blows, LU 8602 ( FB 45 ). cethach, .i. beimnech .i. buillech, Cóir Anm. 204. is fris conbith bemmennach búredar, LL 37616 (2 b ?). rogab éd in rí co racht / gurba bēimnech do Nuadad angry , ZCP xiii 222.8 . tarnic in bith bēmendach the violent world, ZCP v 23 § 29 . ó ráith bhéimeannaigh Bhreagh ` battlesome ', TD 33.10 . is tú an bheithir bhéimeannach ` destructive ' (Vocab.), TSh. 2121. bémneach `quick of pace', `apt to walk', P. O'C. Cf. béim (b). See gat- s.v. 1 gat. glond- s.v. 1 glond. `bro' beimneach ┐ `ur' olc, Metr. Gl. 32 Eg. 7 (2 béimnech ?). bro .i. beimnech, Stowe Gl. 250 (2 béimnech ?).

bél

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bél or dil.ie/5607
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: beoil, beóil, beolu, beula, beulu, belu, bélib, i mbeolu

n o, m. g s. beoil, Sg. 14a16 . n p. beóil, Wb. 7d9 . a p. beolu, Wb. 3b11 , beula (gl. ora), Ml. 19c9 . beulu, 35d22 . belu, Thes. ii 251. 16 . d p. bélib, Wb. 7d10 . b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 61.

I

(a) In some exx. explicitly lip , in pl. lips, but here usually mouth: don b.¤ gl. labio, Ir. Gl. 107. Gild. Lor. 139 § 40. tri beulu dlútai gl. fixis labris (17), Sg. 6a18 . ni radi ní trí thalmaidchi, amal dundchuirethar inna beulu as it rises to his lips (`as he takes it into his lips'), Ml. 35d22 . anasberaid hó bélib `what ye utter with (your) lips', Wb. 7d10 . anasbérat mo beiúil, 12d12 . (of a hag) tacmaicced a b.¤ íchtarach coa glún, LU 6828 (BDD). i socraidi labrait biuil (: Iúil), 3875 ( SCC 38 ). niamdai a beóil partardeirg (partuingdeirg, v.l.) her crimson lips, IT i 69.8 . ( LMU 4 ). co ṅditned a srona ┐ a beolu `so that it protected his nostrils and his lips' (but perh. transl. nose . . . mouth), CCath. 5265. folcuit a n-aighti uile lena mbélaib úachtair upper lips, Maund. 176. beoil lethna thick lips, Marco P. 187. cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh `sweet piping from her lips', Ériu iv 174.15 . maille siabhradh beóil ( = labium . . . pervertatur), 23 K 42 , 54.14 . do scoltad an croimbeoil ┐ in béil iocht[a]ir of chapping of the upper and lower lip, O'Gr. Cat. 191.z . baile .i. maith . . . digbail dubha baile bel .i. is maith í o belaib no i mbel `from lips or in mouth', O'Dav. 224. (in application of an incantation) imbir in da mér . . . it bélaib, Thes. ii 249.11 . doberar in salann i mbelu `the salt is put into the mouth', 251.16 . asoilgg a bēolu . . . combo ecna a [g]inchrāes, TBC-I¹ 396. (of a witch) a beóil for leith a cind her mouth in the side of her head, BDD² 540 . gebid dano cenn in tarra ina béolu, Sc.M² 17.6 . do-lleblaing int éicne ara chend, ┐ gabsus inna béulu took it in its mouth, TBFr. 209. an tan immoro no berid an leg laun ina beolu `when he used to put the ladle full into his mouth', RC xii 86 § 91. nicon acca beolu eich / amal beolu ín liathainigh, IT iii 68.2 . inbat budig do bēoil do shainól ┐ do shainait, MacCongl. 77.4 . secht traigid eter a ó ┐ a beolo . . . ┐ secht n-artim inna bélaib, Ériu iv 26.9 , 10 . acht nad neibre dod belaib nama `although thou hast not said so by word of mouth', Laws iv 108.1 Comm. cuit mo b.¤ (term of endearment), LL 18576.

(b) mouth in sg.: sróin súil b.¤ , Ardm. 434a marg. (220va). i cinaid do laime, do sula, do thengad, do beil, Laws i 156.32 . issin ṁb. tacras sin in the mouth that asserts that, MU² 369. laech . . . belmar . . ., meit a beil beolu eich, TBC-LL¹ 5400 n.4 . fuil rochuiread tara bel ┐ dara sroin, TTebe 2414 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . Note also: na beula gl. ora, the mouths (?), Ml. 19c9 . Fig. gá tarbha an béal do bheith lais / 's an intinn in-a éagmhais, Dán Dé xxii 20 . an b.¤ dúnta as eadh budh ḟearr better be silent, IGT Decl. ex. 1285. Prov. is binn beál ó bheith iadhta, Dánfhocail 55 . By metonymy person : cerd cach ṁb. .i. eladu cech duni do ḟoglaim ar dáig forcitail caich (`art for every mouth', RC xxvi 22 § 62 ), LL 24410. crochadh ar bh.¤ na bréige! `perdition (lit. a hanging) to him who tells the lie' (Gloss.), LBranach 1072 . b.¤ na psalm (nickname of St. Fintan), Mart. Don. Mar. 27. Grigoir Béil óir `Gregory the golden-mouthed', BNnÉ 172 § 16 .

(c) In phrases: derg-mír i mbélaib lit. red (raw) morsel in (the) mouth apparently of property illegally acquired or attached: atait tri deirg-mireanda naidet usa a mbelaib cacha hecalsa (glossed: is indligthech do'n eclais a ngabail cuichi o belaib, 432.3 Comm. ), Laws v 430.22. at-ballat, ¤bailet (a) béoil with poss. or foll. subj. gen., see at-bail(l): co n-aplat a beoil i mmbron (leg. mbrōn ?) ┐ toirrsi `they perish', Ériu ii 114 § 38. Note also: bás fort béolu, Fing. R. 72 `death on your head!' RC xiii 378.11 .

(d) Of the mouth as the source of speech: iss ed bói i mbēlaib cáich this was the common talk, ZCP viii 317.26 . go rabhadar na lán béil ┐ buanteanga ag gach aon that they were a continual subject of conversation to everyone, RC xiv 28 § 6. lán beóil don ríoghfhuil Bhranoigh, LBranach 3581 . budh lán beoil an Brianachsoin, Studies 1925, 253 § 6 .

By extension word(s) ; subject of talk : fer na ropeccaig o bel na o gnim `in word or deed', Ériu v 20.2 . idna beoil integrity of speech, LL 3901. roiarfaided o Fiachroig Muillethan . . . dia belaib his advice was asked by F., ZCP xiv 156.14 . gurab mó do theagascdaois . . . ó theagasc beoil ioná ó scríbhinn by traditional instruction, Keat. ii 976. (explanation of the name of Eogan B.) b.¤ cach tuaithi ina thimchell `the mouth [i.e. the acclamation] of every country round about', SG 64.z . b.¤ cach flatha ina lenub / ar ó Fiachrach foltlebur, 65.2 . In phr. breth a b.¤ féin self-judgment, -doom: atetha breth do b.¤ (sic leg.) féin duit, RC xiv 430.8 . co tucsat Gaill breth a beoil fein d'O Neill, AU ii 270.8 . In adv. phrase ó óen-b.¤ unanimously: o aen bel, PH 7233. dh'aoinbheul, Luc. Fid. 2856. Legal. cor b.¤ , see 1 cor 12.

II Applied to various things resembling lips or mouth .

(a) edge, rim ; mouth of cavity, orifice, opening : b.¤ gaili, a mbél an gaile ( = orificium stomachi), RSláinte 3698. do fínégra ar b.¤ an gaile `on the pit of the stomach', O'Gr. Cat. 193.25 . b.¤ cridi (used as term of endearment): a bél mo chraidi, ACL iii 243 § 24. edge, opening of wounds: bador beoil na ccneth ag claoi a cheile, ZCP x 292.9 . a lomma cro ic teprisin dar belaib na n-alad batar fair, Grail 685 . rucc b.¤ na cneidhe chum a chéile ┐ ticc sele fuirre, ITS xvi 42.13 . Other applications: co fil āit a beōil isin c[h]loich fóss ann `the mark of its rim (i.e. of a bell) is still there in the stone', BColm. 64.9 . sileadh deór rúadh ar ruisgne / mur uisge a beól (mbéol v.l.) úar eisci like water out of a vessel (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1081. mé is b.¤ na cróine ar mo chind, ex. 81 . lase foruillecta beóil in chalich di mil, Wb. 7d9 . īadais indala sūil . . . asoilg alaile comba mor bēolu fidchōich as large as the orifice of a wooden bowl (?), TBC-I¹ 395. b.¤ dabcha ele 'na b.-si anúas (of one vat turned over another), BColm. 72.6 . (of a bag for chess-men) a ferbolc, is amra sceúil / de ór imdernta a beúil opening (`rim'), Fianaig. 14.22 . go bhfuilti claoidthe . . . a mbeul an tsaic (of opponents silenced in controversy), Luc. Fid. 4127. béil a ngunnadh `the muzzles of their guns', Rel. Celt. ii 194.11 . (of prongs of pincers) do briseadh teanncuir an ghobhann, ┐ an t-īarann dearg 'na beal `with the red-hot iron in its jaws', ZCP ii 562.30 . beola crot ┐ bolg ┐ buinne `mouths of harps and bags and pipes', RC xii 108 § 163. the eye of the upper millstone (Studies on Early Ireland 16 ) : iss e sin doberimsi a mbel in muilinn si, RC xiv 52 § 62. upper of shoe: bróg tar teach do teilgeadh leam . . . nar bhean tall a b.¤ fa a bonn `a shoe whose upper was detached from its sole was thrown at me' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 2.z.

(b) Further extended applications: mén mara .i. bel na mara, O'Cl. ( mēn .i. bēl, Corm. Y 948 ). fri beolu mara, Trip.² 1581 ( = in sinu maris, Lat. Lives 33 § 25 ). dá thraigid .x. lethet a b.¤ the width of its opening (an earthwork), Críth G. 571. (of Tara) deis fri Banba, b.¤ fri Bóin `her front towards the Boyne', Ériu iv 92 § 3. tir cen beula without entry, Corm. Y 674 ( Corm. 22 ). tir cin toin cin beolu bis itir da ferunn cin conair `ingress', Laws iv 158.14 Comm. cuiris comla dar a b.¤ (a well), Metr. Dinds. iii 326.19 . triall istech tar beolu na hecuilsi `threshold of the church', Marco P. 173. léigthear suas beoil na bruighne `portcullis', Aithd. D. 3.19 . siar go b.¤ na sráide `the entrance of the street', AFM ii 900.2. Of gunwale of a ship: chuir iad am beòil mhòr re chèile, SGS xviii 107.1 .

III In phrases with prepp.

(a) prepositional. With A: crithre sin a beól (mb. v.l.) bhruithne sparks from boiling heat (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1296.

With AR (FOR): huare romboi ar belaib tempuil `in front of the Temple', Ml. 48d8 . ar beolu diabuil `before the Devil', Wb. 3b11 . gontai Cūchulaind, co tabrad a marb ara (ar, LU) bēolu a brāthar, TBC-I¹ 1637. ar belaib ind ríg ( = in conspectu regis), Lat. Lives 10.8 . arbelaib (.i. a fiadnaise) fer nErenn, ACL iii 14 § 31. finta cia as toisech fodla ┐ ar a ndentar bélaib `before whom it is made', RC xiii 446 § 26. cathair . . . for bel ḟasaigh dhimhoir `at the edge of a great desert', Marco P. 20. dán bog ar bh.¤ na slighiodh `on the open road', Studies 1918, 617 § 5 .

Freq. of replacing in kingship, headship, etc. one who had the normal claim, before, in preference to, in place of : rogab F. righe ara belaib, RC xvii 233.32 (Tig.). gabais C. flaith ar belaib a athar, Ériu iii 142.4 . an crioch do ghabail for a belaibh `to snatch . . . the country away from him', Leb. Gab.(i) 226.5 . mar tugadh ceannas na slógh / ar bhéal Éibhir d'Éireamhón `to Ê. rather than to Ê.', Content. xvi 33. With verbs of coming, etc. do-tét indḟine ar beolu de(i)rbḟine `the ` indḟine' comes in front of (i.e. is preferred to) the `derbḟine', Ériu xvii 64 § 3 ( Laws iv 206.7 ). D. . . . do beith ag dol ar bélaibh a athar `attempted to depose', AFM vi 1891.1 . an tánaiste do theacht ar beulaibh mic tighearna an fhuinn `that the tanist takes precedence of', Keat. i 66.6 . dul fora mbelaibhsiomh `to anticipate them', Hugh Roe² 172.2 .

With FRI (RE) before, at, close to; on the point of : fri beolu báis on the point of death, Fél. 74.19 . cen bith ria mbeolu oc airiuc thuili dóib not to be close to them, Fing. R. 432. ag so anois an bás rem bhéal close to me, Dánta Gr. 63.15 . re béal a theachta don toigh `before its reception' (of the Blessed Eucharist), Dán Dé xviii 2 . cosg fiabhrasa re b.¤ mbáis, Studies 1919, 613 § 12 .

With I N- i mbeolu, i mbeól, i mb.¤ before : in bo boi 'na beola sin `that was in front of her', Dinds. 142.10 . a mbeol an dunaidh `in front of the fort', BNnÉ 187 § 27 . do-chífe bárc a mbeól chúain `in the harbour's mouth', Ériu ix 168 § 46. towards, to : do-bhir im béal teachtaire `He sends a messenger to fetch me', Aithd. D. 83.3 . sgath dealg 'na beol muna bheath `had not the thorn-points been in the way', 95.20 . over, across : seolais iarsin Brenainn . . . i mbéolu (a mbhél, v.l. , = for beluibh, Lism. L. 3590 ) in aiccéin iongantaigh, BNnÉ 97 § 5. Note also: ro herbad da oclach lais da chur i mbeolu na tuinne to cast it (an infant) upon the sea (?), LL 14623 ( ZCP xii 273.17 ). do chur a mb.¤ mara ┐ mor-fhairrge set adrift on the open sea, KMMisc. 313.13 . a mbēl na h-oibre at the beginning, ML² 1.15 . i mbeol airechtais at the very beginning of sovereignty (?), Ann. Conn. 1410.2 . ni ḟuil amuigh gidh seól síth / crích nach fuil a mbeól a bláith, IGT Decl. ex. 992 . i mbéal a tharbha do thoigheacht, Aithd. D. 25.4 .

With TAR: tar béolu out of : adre amach dar beolu in duin, Marco P. 23.

(b) Adverbial. With FOR (always with possessive) on the face, face downwards : for a mbeulu gl. prone, Ml. 131b6 . tairniud form béolu bend face downwards, LL 36766 = Goid. 180.10 = Fél.² cv 8. an corp bis ina rogad ar in talmain for a beolu, RC xv 491 § 31. tolduid iarum taurtaim fair fora beolu `a trance fell upon him, as he lay on his face', Mon. Tall. 155.15 . (of a collapsing house) amal ro clóenad a thech conda tarla for a lethbeólu uli, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). (of a cup) rohimpa iarum Patraic in copan fora beolu upside down (?), Anecd. iii 35.9 . b.¤ ar b.¤ , ó bé(o)l go b.¤ face to face : truagh gan sinne bel ar bel, TTebe xv 7 (scribe's note). (of a bird-decoration) ealta 's a mbeoil béal ar bhéal, Aithd. D. 9.7 . ag labhairt libh beul ar bheul (os ad os, 3 Joh. 14 ), Eochairsg. 15.30 . go labradh se riss ó b.¤ go b.¤ `face to face', ZCP xi 118.2 ( BCC 236 ). meic ollamhan Innsi Fáil / . . . / god choimhreic ó bheól go b.¤ `repeating thee from mouth to mouth' (i.e. the contents of a manuscript Gaelic Miscellany), Studies 1919, 440 § 12 . adeirid o bheol go beul they say so currently, Luc. Fid. 4088.

With IAR N- iar mbélaib (contrasted with iar cúlaib): i ngilfine iar mbelaib, amuil atá athair ┐ mac ┐ ua ┐ iarmua ┐ innua co cuicer; ┐ geilfini iar culaib .i. brathair thathar, ┐ mac co cuicer beos `in the direct line', Laws ii 160.z Comm.

(c) In fig. phrase do-ní a b.¤ re turns to, seeks help from : do-ghén . . . mo bh.¤ ré seabhcaibh Saxan `I will turn my face to', Studies 1924, 242 § 11 .

Note also: muna thí dhíom bas rem béal unless I can keep a guard on my lips, Dán Dé ix 4 . a-tá 'gan chol bas rem béal `raises its hand against me', xxiii 31 . In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom.

Compds. With nouns. ¤braise: feib atféd mo bhélbraisi `eloquence', Leb. Cert.² 164 § 9. ¤deirge: beildeirge redness of lips, Prolegomena 43 § 26 . ¤étan: (of a charioteer) dara béletan mouth and forehead (?), LL 24905. ¤mod manner of speaking (?): caistidh ria bēlmod, ACL iii 307 § 28 ( Measgra Uí Chl. 153 ). ¤proicept traditional teaching, tradition : bēalphroceapta nó teagusg bheōil na n-absttal, Mac Aingil 5949 . béulphroicheapta asbaltha ┐ eagalsa, Desid. 4942. With vnn. ¤chengal: ar mbélcengal a mbeochréchtadh when their fresh wounds had been sewn up, Caithr. Thoirdh. 124.7 . ¤tuidme: fiacuil .i. fia figo . . . fiacuil didiu bēl-t. fastening for the mouth, O'Mulc. 507.

With adjj. ¤balb: do piastaibh bel-balba `dumb-mouthed', Ériu iii 164 § 20. ¤binn: longphort . . . bíthe bēilbhinn melodious (?), Butler Poems 556 and n. ¤blasta of excellent sound : (of `Gaedelg,' the language) in berla b.¤ bind, LL 17716. B. blaith belblasta well-spoken (of a hand-maid), BB 237a2 . ¤buide yellow-lipped : (of a famine-stricken appearance) ina n-ímágib b.¤ nochtḟiaclacha, LB 154b61 . In n. pr.: Eochaid Bēlbuidi, ZCP viii 274.1 . ¤chamm crooked-mouthed : la hUnchi mbrúachda mb.¤(-mall, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. iii 98.6 . ¤cherr: in senBodb Barchi b.¤ `wry-mouthed', Metr. Dinds. iv 338.20 . ¤chert: mo dhaltán búilid béilchert `right-spoken', SG 190.7 . ¤chorcra crimson, red-lipped : belchorcra banamla detgela, TTebe 730 . ¤chráibhthech hypocritical : Content. vi 270. ¤chumang narrow-mouthed, having a narrow opening, entry : a crocan (leg. corcán ?) belchumang narrow-necked, Lia Fáil iii 122.20 ( 23 P 10 ³, 11b7 ). ar na bernadhaibh bélchumhgaibh, AFM v 164.22 . ¤derg red-lipped, red-mouthed (in good and bad sense): buriud berna Baidbi béldergi, LL 10872 ( = TBC-LL¹ 4024 ). na brithemain bēilderga `red-mouthed brehons' ( = severe in judgement ?), Ériu iii 30 § 7. cáinead in barrchais béilderg `the curly-headed red-lipped fellow', iv 216.20 . F. file m. Oengusa Bēlde[i]rg, ZCP viii 326.1 . ¤dub black-mouthed : comairge b.¤ becenech `a black-mouthed guarantor of small honour', Tec. Corm. § 33.2 . a curaig blaithe belduba `black-prowed', Ériu viii 10.36 . sgéala libh go báirc mbéalduibh `tidings to your black-decked barque', RC xlix 173 § 32. ¤ḟairsi(u)ng wide-mouthed, having a wide entrance : .l. bléide buabaill belḟairsiuṅg, LL 7292. ro cóirged bruidin brotla bélfairsing `wide-doored', Fianaig. 70.31 . ¤ḟota long-lipped : D. b.¤ , LL 354c64 . a mbíala belfhoda `wide-edged', Hugh Roe² 174.24 . ¤ginach: na trī badhbha bēl-ginacha three witches with gaping mouths, ML² 1585. ¤glicc: mo bhreath bheilghlic gan bhine `my skilled oral judgement', Keat. ii 1287. ¤lethan broad-doored : ós bruidin béllethoin, SG 230.24 . ¤lúath hasty of speech : 'ná bheith baoth beul-luath aig teagasg cách, De Imit. 13.24 . ¤maith: C. b.¤ `C. Fair-lips', Metr. Dinds. iii 324.11 . ¤mall slow of speech : la hU. mbruachdha mbelmhall, BB 365b37 . ¤remor thick-lipped, big-mouthed : belremur bolcsuilech, LU 8516 ( FB 37 ). badhbh béil-reamhar, TSh. 6623. ¤ṡalach foul-mouthed : Badb birach belsalach, RC xxiv 52.1 . ¤scaílte wide open; split open ; scattered : i mbrudin bronnḟarsing bélscailti, RC xiv 414 § 28. ina mbuidhnib bega bélsgāilte, Fianaig. 54.4 . (of a cast-up ship) go ndéantar blogha béal-sgaoilte dhi, TSh. 735. ¤tais with soft, moist lips : an chuideachta chuanna bhuadhach bheóltais (of fair women), Hackett xxvi 57 . ¤tana: go mbiailibh blathsnaoighte b.¤ `thin-edged battle-axes', AFM vi 2126.25 . ¤tirim: bérla breganta beoiltirm (spoken) with a dry mouth, O'Gr. Cat. 518.30. ¤trúag: na bid fri baisi ṁbeltrúaig poor-mouthed (?), SR 3890.

See béillic, bélaites, bélscál, bélscálán, bélscáth.

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