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cláen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cláen or dil.ie/9306
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: Cuilín

adj o, ā

I

(a) uneven, crooked, sloping; aslant, bending, stooped; curving, curved : dosroraind . . . cona deilg. Sīa īarom rosīacht a dealg ūaithe sair a bēlaib oldās dar a hais sīar. Is aire is clōen ind less, Corm. Y 502 . clóen ind ráth dind leith adiu, RC xiii 462 § 65 . in chuirn chláoin curved(?), IGT Decl. ex. 356 . a bheith claon nochar chás duid `its laying low troubled thee not' (of a severed head), PBocht 14.35 . ? Fig. mo chiall ata claon, Atlantis iv 180.31 .

(b) Freq. of hair waving (?) flowing (?): folt claon, DDána 96.33 . ciabh dhaghcruinn n-a cuaichleirg claoin, Magauran 1001 . is camarsach claon . . . / a carn-ḟolt, Keat. Poems 65 .

(c) Of eyes, squinting: Finan Cam . . . .i. cloen a rosc, Fél. 112.23 , Gorm. Apr. 7n. dā mac imleasan . . . ┐ sīat clǣna, TBC-I¹ 2612 . gura bhris in suil claein, MR 36.13 .

As epithet: a trian ro charsat Conall Cloen batis cloín cot acallaim, LL 13522 (Thurn., ZCP viii 72 ff. q.v., would translate hump-backed ). Conghal Caoch, no Claon, AFM an. 624 . co tard beach . . . a neim for mo leth-rosc-sa, gura claen mo ṡuil. Congal C. mo ainm ar sin, MR 34.12 . an Giolla claon Ua Ciardha, tigherna Coirpri, AFM ii 1092.11 .

(d) In moral sense, iniquitous, perverse, unjust, biassed: cil .i. claon no cutruma, O'Dav. 467 (? leg. écutrumma). nate ni clóin gl. (numquid iniquitas apud Deum?) Absit, Wb. 4c17 . in miscuis clóin, Ml. 46d10 . inna mbritheman cloin, 103b17 (brithem, MS.). adbar inna combartae cloine, 71c6 . is gó flatha do-ber sína saíba for tūatha clóena. ZCP xi 82 § 25 . scítha láma indrosc (sic leg.?) cloína unjust demands(?), LU 10884 (TE rhet.). ingena cloína Cain, LL 17437 . nírbat santa[ch] immun mbith / nō for ind nim (leg. indiub) chlóen, ACL iii 312 § 6 (indium, in nem, v.ll.). gan beith fa chomadaib claena `unjust conditions', MR 120.26 . freasdal a gcor gclaon `crooked wiles', Aithd. D. 52.3 . ainic nach claon do chathaoir `lest your poet's chair be partial', Content. v 186 .

(e) c.¤ fri (chum, do) prone to, inclined to: atá ar gcolann claon ré déanamh an uilc = prona est ad malum, TSh. 2916 . an drong beirthear faoi stiúradh na plainéide so bíd . . . geala, claon chum beith fionnchrothacha, Corp. Astron. 70.8 . biaidh an bhliadhain sin claon chum síothchána, 3 . na peacaidhe is mó d'a bhfuilmíd claon, nó tugtha, Donlevy 270.24 . atá sí laig-bhrígheach ┐ claon chum uilc, 210.26 .

(f) In metrics, uneven; without accordance, imperfect : is airi didiu asberar clōinrē, fobīth is clōen ma doberthar um nī, ūair it troma a trī oldati a dóu, ar it chōic dīalta fuilet a clōinré, amail rongab fīanamailechar, Corm. Y 447 (p. 37.21) . dunadh c.¤, amail ata . . . ar Muiri ┐ ar Martain (final line of a poem which began with `tangadar'. -tain does not adequately echo tan- therefore the conclusion is c.¤ or lochtach), IGT Met. Faults § 145 . áenghuthaighe is í fa dhó ... bidh cláen 'the same vowel occurring twice ... it will be incorrect', Celtica xxvii 58 § 3 . See also cláenaid and comardad (c).

Adv. in fer fodrácaib co claen the man who has left it crooked, uneven (of a house), LU 8391 ( FB 26 ) (opp. to co diriuch). is amlaidh ata Stodiaca gu claen ┐ an speir lan mor go direach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 126.13 . an tṡlat iarainn ṡaighes go claon `which goeth ouerthwart', RSClára 125a .

II As subst. o, m.

(a) stoop, slope, slant, inclination : sleagh do chur 'na chroidhe, / claon do bheith 'na bhrághaid (of Our Lord), Ir. Syll. Poetry 36 § 17 . do filleadh call tar a chláon, IGT Decl. ex. 910 . is binne donál na bhfaol / ná gach claon chuireas tú id ghuth (to a snoring bed-fellow) every twist(?), Measgra D. 5.24 . for c.¤ slanting, inclined : is for clóen in pars ochtarach for laim clii `the upper part is inclined on the left hand', Thes. ii 254.19 (Stowe M.).

(b) iniquity, obliquity, deception, injustice; perversion, error : inda leu som nis roissed imned na erchrae dogrés a soinmigi a cloinaib `though they are wicked', Ml. 39c34 (cf. Pedersen, ZCP ii 379 ). ara tintarrad ō chlóen / tūatha Hérenn do bethu `from iniquity', Thes. ii 314.1 ( Hy. ii 18 ). tír . . . / inná ráiter gó ná cloen, LU 3742 ( SCC 34 ). etarscara fri cach claen `severance from every obliquity', Laws v 118.7 . dia scarad fri clóen fri col, Metr. Dinds. ii 14.72 . ar cech óen ro chí / a chlóen for bith ché `his wrongdoing', Murphy Lyrics 27.6 = a chin, ACL iii 232 § 6 . bī-siu do rēir Chrīst cen claon, 313 § 9 . dia mbat rī bit rīghcerdach / ní oirdni nach claen, 314 § 30 . bothan derrit diamarda / do dilgud gach claoin, Ériu i 138.3 . ní bhí claon na cheirt-bhreathaibh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxi 9 . gan claon n-agra tar eolus `without partiality of argument in violation of fact', Content. viii 7 .

(c) Very common in names of metrical faults in the sense of any departure from the correct form: na lochta is coitc[h]eand teagaid in gach aisdi don dan .i. c.¤ comhardudh ┐ c.¤ uaitne ┐ ataid na claenreanda romhaind . . . ┐ c.¤ airmh[e] ┐ c.¤ airde ┐ c.¤ comhaimsearda ┐ c.¤ crichadh loc[h]tach ┐ dunadh loc[h]tach, IGT Met. Faults § 1 . trefhocul gan chlaen dona trí claenaib .i. c.¤ creiti .i. . . . c.¤ cuibdiusa . . . c.¤ ceille, O'Curry 1031 ( H 3.18, 433 ). Cf. cobfighe celli .i. co rob inunn ciall día nasneis o thosach co diaid in raind .i. na raib claen and, IT iii 30.7 . c.¤ áirme an irregularity in enumerating : c.¤ airmhi, amail ata . . . a tri no cuig no ceathair (because of the perversion of the natural order), IGT Met. Faults § 31 . c.¤ comardud a faulty internal rhyme: c.¤ comhardudh (leg. -daidh? Or claenchomhardadh? ed.), ann seo: Nocho n-oil agh ara orcur / re grain act ge cromthar ceann (i.e. the rhyme between agh and grain is faulty and it is the presence of the `i' in grain that makes it so), § 2 . c.¤ creitte error in the framework of the stanza: c.¤ creite i ndian oireng, amail ata: flaithe niamdha / daine sgiamda cland Conchobair. Lochtach sin, uair ní dleseadh focul beith edir sgiamdha ┐ Conc[h]obhor, § 39 . (On cláen creitte see Stud. Celt. ii 178 .) c.¤ cuibdiusa faulty end-rhyme: [trefhocul] can cloen cuibdiusa. Gabiam la seise soirche / Seotu sochraide soirthe / Ria ndul issin fargge / Gleam ar lessu re n-aidche. .i. soirthe ┐ aidche exemplum, Auraic. 5086 . c.¤ senchais error in historical fact: c.¤ seanc[h]ais, amail ata o Cuind no o Colla no o rRoigh no o Nell no o Duach do dhenaibh do righ d'fearaibh Muman ach duine beas gael riu. O Mogha no o hEmir no o Cais no o Bloid no o Tail do denaibh do dhuine do Leith Cuind acht do dhuine bheas gael riu, IGT Met. Faults § 98 . nir chan gó na c.¤ senchais (sic leg.) riam, MacCarthy 408.8 . c.¤ úaitne error in consonance: c.¤ uaitne, amail ata Bean do gebhadh ara gradh / geal a lamh leabhar a lem. C.¤ uaitne sin ┐ idir lam [leg. gradh] ┐ lem ata, ┐ edhudh claenas re n-ailm, ┐ i lem ata, IGT Met. Faults § 3 .

(d) With other qualifying genitives: airbert cin [cil-]ceill .i. do denum / cen claon ceille, O'Dav. 49 . tuccus cath, gēr c[h]lāon cēille / do fhlaith Temhra a departure from good sense, Ériu ix 178 § 11 . ar fochal-cae, ar claen conair, Laws v 470.27 Comm. saor dhiongbhas claon na córa perversion of justice, DDána 48.28 . gan chláon n-irsi `pervert not my faith', Ériu ix 6.67 . níor áirmheas le claon sligheadh `in perverse method', Content. vi 140 .

(e) Of people, iniquitous, unjust person : oc ingrimmim inna cloen `the persecution of the wicked', Thes. ii 247.14 (Camb.). fri bás inna clóen `of the wicked', 320.1 (Hy. ii 59 ). ni aurfóemha dana na cloen `the gifts of the unjust', O'Dav. 1610 . a claín trúaig . . . ro scáig do gal, LU 8569 ( FB 43 ).

Compds. With nouns. i gcéibh na gclaonalt `curling hair', Aithd. D. 11.6 . bellum for Cloenath, AU an. 704 (see Ériu xiii 176 ). croidhe gan claon-bheart, ZCP v 208.117 (Midn. Court). Attrib. g s. gan cionnta claon-bhirt, 209.180 . in tan no beiredh claonbreith unjust judgement, Laws i 24.13 Comm. (opp. to breth ḟīr). imon cclaoinbhreith rucc Diarmait ar Colom Cille im liubar Findén, AFM i 192.z . breitheamh breabóideach . . . rug claoinbhreath, TSh. 6788 . ¤-chaingen: claenferta í ngaeldais aíndre / claenferta na claencaingne, BB 351b32 . ¤-chéimm: can ethar nā chlōenchēmim / cingid tar cech ler `without . . . a false step', Ériu iii 14 § 5 ('na chlóenchéimmim `in their perverse path', Murphy Lyrics 17.5 ). linfaid cloencheo cairechda / cech rind reil co rian ruided, SR 8095 . le claoinchealgaibh an aidhbhirseōra, Beatha S. F. 1962 . earrla na gclaoinchleacht waving tresses, Magauran 965 . ni ellastar cloenchleir, LU 1002 (ACC) (.i. . . . na cliara ni-dligtecha, `for indligthecha', edd.). ¤-choma unjust stipulation : cisdi coimeta celg . . . ┐ claenchomhad, MR 260.2 . Eoganachta . . . Áni Loch Léin Casel Cloendabair, LL 16124 . ¤-derc (2 derc): an uair éagfair-se . . . / claonfaidh do chlaon-dearc, Keat. Poems 342 . i comarddus na Cloenfertai tuascertchi, LL 3876 . ataat na dí Chloenḟerta fri Ráith Granni aniar, 3877 . ro marbtha uili i Cloenglais, 28840 . Cuilen na cláenglaise, RC xviii 303.8 (Tig.). claonglonna in gille `wicked deeds', Metr. Dinds. iii 58.65 . Cloenloch. Unde nominatur. Cloen mac Iṅgair, LL 22459 . Cath Claenlocha, RC xvii 136.5 (Tig.). a chionnta ┐ a chláonmhianna, Párl. na mB. 3210 . ¤ míl hare (?) : tosessa lais clóenmíla Cernai, LU 6748 (BDD). geis dō clōenmīla Moighe Sainb do tophand 'it was taboo for him to hunt the hares (?) of Mag Sainb ', BDC 106.30 . claennadmanna tolla, O'Curry 1069 ( H 3.18, 441 ). ōn chlaenrāith co Cenannas, Fing. R. 732 (? leg. Chlaen-). dul . . . do Cathair na claenratha bodes, Acall. 6387 . 1 -ré (see 1 ré) wicked life : ciambad lonnbrass digal Dé / fornn ba comadas friar cloenré, SR 3618 . (Cf. Lochlann ii 51 .) 2 -ré (see 3, 4, 5 ré) word or verse of five syllables (so called because it cannot be divided into two equal parts): it chōic dīalta fuilet a clōinré, amail rongab fīanamailechar, Corm. Y 447 (p. 37.x) . claenre . . . is a dho ar indara leith ┐ a tri forin leth n-aili, Auraic. 1422 . clóenré dā inso sis: A rí oirdnide / uasail atamhra / bet suairc do comairli / cuairt cen balamna, IT iii 21 § 63 . See Lochlann ii 51 - 2 . ¤-recht (see 1 recht): concertfa c. for iathu Banba, SG 254.29 (rhet.). ¤-rind (see 1 rind) incorrect end-rhyme : c. i ndebide sgailti, amail ata Mor in sgel Don[n]- do dhul / i nErinn is a nAlbain / bedid mna Gaidheal c[h]adh is Gall / ga c[h]aineadh arna comraind. Ataid da c. ann sin .i. c. isin leathrand tosaich . . . edir dul ┐ Albain ata ┐ c. i[n] deridh edir Gall ┐ comraind ata . . ., IGT Met. Faults § 85 . c. i [n]debhi[dhe] imrind, amail ata . . . righ (g s.): Cuirín, fín (a s.): Cuilín, § 86 . rand idir c. ┐ drochgaidhilg Ata triar conchar ag Cund / Niall is Donnc[h]adh is Domnall (i.e. Cund: Domnall is a faulty rhyme but Domnull would be ungrammatical), § 140 . ataid na claenreanda romhaind, § 1 . ¤-ró (see 1 ró): noem in chotaig ni cloenró it was not an excess due to partiality(?), LL 25382 . claon-rosc, Keat. Poems 319 . ¤ṡirite: cidh don cláenṡíridi ṡiabardha mo ṡárugadh do dhenamh, TBC-LL¹ p. 251 n.3 . Cormac a clōen-Temraich sloping Tara, ZCP viii 264 § 22 . ó phór chaithreach claoinTé, DDána 121.32 . ¤tinn d s.?: tug a cainnt dá chlaointinn ghéir `let loose the bitter tongue of his iniquity', Ó Bruad. iii 212.18 . ¤úall (1 úall): cēim cen chlóenúaill ō Dīabul `without wicked pride', Ériu ii 64 § 7 .

With adjj. th'fholt cas claonbhuidhe, DDána 114.25 . Conall Cloentruag t'ainm festa `the wicked wretch', ZCP i 104.18 .

With adjj. derived from nouns. dfheólaibh . . . ccethnatmolt . . . cclaonadharcach, Hugh Roe² 284.15 . Conall Claenbhraigdech Cernach, Cóir Anm. 251 . egoir Calcuis corpthi claenbhreathaigh unjust in judgment, Stair Erc. 2041 . a Shabhdain colaigh, claenbreathaigh, ZCP vi 59.19 . daoine . . . malluighthe claoincheárrdach `having an evil way of life' (Gloss), Párl. na mB. 1835 . Creon claencholach perverse sinful C., TTebe 4655 . cosin cathraig claincolaig, 251 . ¤dairech of bending oak-trees: san adhbha chlaondairigh ós Bóinn bhraoinealaigh, DDána 109.18 . ó Éirne . . . challghloin chlaondoirigh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 74 § 9 . ar a ccorpuibh corpthe cláonmhíanacha having evil desires, Párl. na mB. 2579 . ar Īsa in ḟuilt c[h]laenrāthaigh, ZCP viii 563 §27 . ó chéimniughadh chealgach chlaonrúnach of evil intent, TSh. 8301 .

With verbs. do-s-claencoraigenn icin aclaid `who makes a false representation at the suit', Laws v 462.13 Comm. claonmharbhfaidh mé m'ainmhianta `I shall mortify', Donlevy 190.16 .

With vnn. claonchorrughadh beag suarach don aithrighe, Trompa na bhF. 2433 . ¤díbirciud: drochcostud . . . do chloīndībircthib la drochdaīni, Sc.M² § 17.4 . iomshlán na míorbhuilleadha . . . do chlao[i]ndhéanamh to counterfeit, Trompa na bhF. 2630 . go ndéin an tsúil amharc aindlightheach, ┐ an chluas claoin-éisteacht biassed hearing, TSh. 3039 . gach cosg ┐ claon-mharbhadh na colna `mortification', Donlevy 126.14 .

línaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. línaid or dil.ie/30237

 

Forms: linfider, nolínfed, línad

v (1 lín). With palatal ending in: fut. pass. rel. linfider, Ml. 103a10 , condit. 3 s. nolínfed, 25a8 , 11 (see GOI § 636 ).

I Trans.

(a) fills: l.¤ gl. impleat vel implet, Ml. 38d9 . non-líntarni gl. implemur, 18c3 . a nundlina gl. implente, 19b5 . no-líntae gl. solebat repleri, 32b6 . rolín gl. implevit, 64d16 . nomlinfithersa gl. explebor, 40a18 . línsai co luath co beolu, Anecd. i 72 § 198 . amail linas gaoth onchú, TBC-LL¹ 3868 . da lestar . . . / ni linad hiat ar oengne, Fing. R. 738 . lan línas múru, Anecd. ii 23 § 2.

Of water fills, floods, covers : clad bis fás conid lína tóla[e] n-uisci, Ériu xvii 70 § 12 . ro lion in lind, TBC-LL¹ 3879 ( TBC St. 3206 ). gur linastair na linti, TBC-LL¹ 3886 ( TBC St. 3213 ). co linit na fangleanna . . . dib (of torrents), TTebe 3137 . da linfaide gan aimsir airithe cum a linta (of Nile), Ir. Astr. Tr. 50.5 . dí neoch línas imadh uisci `overwhelmed', Laws iv 222.9 Comm . Of honey: fuinn lánshocra do líon mil `covered with honey', O'Hara 1071.

(b) With prep. DI fills with: líntar lán di fín, Wb. 11b13 . no linadsom in poll dia liathrotib, LU 4985 ( TBC-I¹ 496 ). ro-línsat na hIúdaide lestar do fhín-eccra, PH 2868 . rolinastar do gul . . . na hinlesa rig[d]a (of tears), TTebe 517 . línfaid dia bruth sen Mag Sainb , Airne F. 255 . ionnas gur líonsad do bhiadh . . . iad, ML 6.27 . do líonadar a n-ochta dá n-análaibh, 30.5 . rolinaid leis iad do chaerchaib, TTebe 1643 .

(c) Extended applications. Of odours permeates: rolín in bith n-uile . . . bolad inna idbairtesin, Wb. 22b13 . co rolín in recles ó bréntaid, Lat. Lives 97.11 . Of emotions: ón machdad líntair gl. completur, Ml. 25a9 . ro linustair idu eoid . . . Ailill was consumed with jealousy, TE 7 . línfaid cuma cridi rígan, TBC-LL¹ 5847 . ro-s-lín oman, PH 1121 . mor m-borrfad . . . ro linsat muintir A., Alex. 392 . línuidh reacht hí ara n-oman, Ériu iv 214 § 12 . linis cumha ┐ éolchaire Gaill ┐ Gaidhil, Expugn. Hib. 84 . linais omhan a oirecht, Irish Texts ii 2 § 13 . 's do líon uabhar Athairne, DDána 84.12 . rolín gorta sinn `has overcome', ZCP vi 293.8 . líontar d'iomad d'amhgaraibh é, TSh. 10020.

Of a kingdom, extends throughout : ro lín flaith Dé Athar / nem talam, Fél. Prol. 215 . glóir a gharma iarrfaidh Aodh / . . . líonfaidh beannBhanbha na mBrian, DDána 93.7 .

Of preaching of the gospel: nolínfed preceupt a soscela innule cuaird in talman gl. completura sit, Ml. 25a8 .

In spiritual sense: linfider do gin ho rath in spiurta noib, Ml. 103a10 . ronlín di rath in spirto, Wb. 20d11 . ro lín in spirut nóeb in gilla, PH 5584 . nos linand da cech maith, 5583 . linfuidhthear tu o acfaind a n-uili ghras, ITS xxix 216.9 . Of strength: ro lín luth . . . a huilea ballai, Stair Erc. 1257.

Of crowds fills, covers : línsat airer na trága, d'imfastud na gabála, Metr. Dinds. iii 212.27 . líontar leo Tlachtgha is Taillte, Aithd. D. 16.45 . l.¤ Glend . . . Madhair . . . allmaraigh, Irish Texts ii 2 § 12 . an cill do linadh linne / ac righad cinn Creiblinne, 5 § 36 . Muirchertach do líon gach learg, L. Cl. A. B., 115.2 .

In certain contexts satiates, feeds : linais Mia . . . / slogaib cach mairrig archoin, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 18 § 2 . ce nodailtis ind huile feba in betha nicon rulínpiti, Ériu vii 152.13 .

II Intrans.

(a) In strict sense. Of tide, fills, flows: an tan ba haithbe an muir . . . an tan do lionadh, Leb. Gab.(i) 72.13 . cach uair línus an mhuir sin gusan macraid, RC xxiv 378.12 . muir mór . . . línus ┐ traighes, Maund. 244.

Of rivers, streams, lakes, wells, fills up, floods: inn uair linas in loch lan, ZCP v 24 § 11 . líonfaidh gach áth, DDána 29.7 . linaid ┐ traigid na tobraca, Ir. Astr. Tr. 42.1 . líonaid re hucht na n-ánrath / brúaigh ísle na n-úaránshroth (líonadh v.l.), Studies 1921, 419 § 12 .

Note also: líonuid na drochdhaoine `are multiplied', Proverbs xxix 16 . ar n-achlán do lín dá ló, IGT Decl. ex. 412.

(b) Fig. of emotions is filled with, overcome by (DI): go ro líon dfeircc ┐ dinnire, AFM ii 2360.4 . rolionsomh d'ferg ┐ do lonnus, Hugh Roe 92.23 (f. 25a) . líonais d'uabhar, A. Ó Dálaigh 50.7 . do líonus lán d'annsa, L. Cl. A. B. 279.13 . ni tharla / ri rathmhar na rídhamhna / nar líonadair sein da seirc, Irish Texts ii 106.25 . Cf. go líonuid do chloinn na ccoimhthigheach `please themselves in the children', Isaiah ii 6.

(c) With follg. prepp. With AR: rolín rath in spirita nóib ar Ióin, KMMisc. 144.7 . líonfuid Saxain ar fheadh nÉireann, SGS iv 140 § 13. With ETER fills the space between : ni dichtim dano sech in dam árolín a congna eter di fert in carpait, LU 5182 ( TBC-I¹ 703 ). rolinsat . . . aingil idir nem ┐ lar i frithshét a anma-som, Lism. L. 4458 (both . . . and?). With FO: ro lín clú E. fon uili domun, Stair Erc. 210. With I: do lionator is na gleanntaibh fo beandaibh an talmhan, Leb. Gab.(i) 64 n. 10 . do líonsad catha . . . go Gleann Lára ionár leanamhain, ML 26.8 = lingsiod, ML² 330 . co rolionsat cách ina timchioll, Ériu iv 64.5 . ro línadar sluaigh na cathrach a timchill Hercuil, Stair Erc. 2161. With ó: rolinsad na Greic uile o feargaib . . . risna Tiauandaib, TTebe 2768 . With OC: ro linsat Eoganacht . . . acco `gathered unto them', Cog. 70.15 .

Vn. línad.

sanb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sanb or dil.ie/36179

 

adj.? See Pokorny, KZ xlvii 169 . Lugaid lōig, lond | Labraid, s.¤ Sētne, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 7 § 3 . s.¤ Soält, 14 § 2 . As n.pr. m. S.¤ .i. mac Ūgaine Māir, unde Magh Sainb , Corm. Y 1164 . an corn a mbídh sedh ac Sanbh, IGT Decl. ex. 1260 .