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1 ben

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ben or dil.ie/5644
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: bean, bean, bein, mnái, mna, mnāi, mnai, mná, mnaa, bein, mnáoi, mná, mnaa, mná, mn, mban, ban, mnaibh, mnáib, mnaib, mnaaib, mnaibh, mhnaoi, mnai, ban-, banab, -aigne, -airchinnech

n ā, f. GOI §§ 190 , 291 , Lohmann ZCP xix 63. bean aithnidh, f., IGT Decl. § 170. See also Ériu xvii 108.

I

(a) woman : n s. in b.¤ , Wb. 11c14 , Imr. Brain 1 , PH 5720. bean, CCath. 1140. in bhean, Duan. F. ii 130 § 23. v s. a b.¤ , LU 3420 ( SCC 19 ). a s. bein ( KZ xlviii 65 ), Laws ii 382.15 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 § 23 ), Metr. Dinds. iv 178.w (: Celetir), Ériu vi 136.78 , Auraic. 1835. mnái gl. mulierem, Wb. 10a10 , Imr. Brain 2 , CCath. 1141. mna, Críth G. 125 , mnāi, ACL iii 308.13 , mnai, Trip. 86.24 . g s. mná, Críth G. 124 , Imr. Brain 26 , PH 857. mnaa, LL 7558 , TSh. 5773. d s. bein, Auraic. 1833 , 5020 . mnáoi, Mon. Tall. 143.10 . n pl. mná (monosyll.), Imr. Brain 41. mnaa (monosyll.), LL 44. mná, TSh. 5718. a pl. mn, LU 8265 ( FB 21 ). g pl. mban gl. mulieres, Wb. 22c10 . ban, Ml. 65c16 . d pl. `somet. disyllabic in verse,' GOI § 291 , mnaibh (disyll.), Blathm. 586. mnáib, LU 3266 ( SCC 6 ), RC xiii 36 § 2. mnaib (monosyll.), LU 3950 ( SCC 44 ). mnaaib, LL 2919. mnaibh, ZCP xvi 225.4 . n du. dī mnái, Cáin Ad. 25. dá mhnaoi , Dán Dé iii 15 . di mnai dec, BCrólige 32 .

As dist. from a virgin: ni finntar in b.¤ fa nac si, Ir. Recht 5 § 3 . femen . . . .i. femur .i. sliasat, air is and is b.¤-si intan fognaithir dia sliasait, Auraic. 609. Of a bird: ben a lleinn co londath, Murphy Lyrics 10 § 10 , Ériu xxii 51 .

(b) With following defining word. With adj.: b.¤ gáelmar, see gáelmar. b.¤ uasal `a lady', BNnÉ 121 § 56 . With part. b.¤ pósta. With gen. of definition or description: b.¤ áirge woman of the milking place, dairymaid : in b.¤ airge, Ir. Recht 9 § 11. b.¤ aititen, see aititiu. b.¤ chengail wife: nach béidh fear ’gā mhnaoi cheangail, Celtica iv 109 § 10 . b.¤ crislaig: is i in b.¤ c. .i. is le fein in coimpert sin (lit.) woman of the womb, Laws v 202.13 Comm. See crislach. b.¤ chraí (chruí) the wife of a deceased relative; a forbidden woman: nír ben chrábaid ach ben chraí `not a holy wife but an unlawful one´ Celtica x 105 § 3 . ’na grádaig mnaí craí ná col `do not love a woman forbidden to you´ 105 § 5 . ro bui inna mnoí crui, icá derbrathair … conid hi sin cetben crui ro hincrechadh riamh, 111 (King’s Inns MS. 10) . ar a bith ben crui .i. oca derbrathair, ibid. (NLS MS. 72.1.5) . b.¤ chuil (cholach) : ’na grádaig mnaí craí ná col `do not love a woman forbidden to you´ Celtica x 105 § 5 . dā ccionntuighthea ré mnaoi chuil, Mac Aingil 3002 . ben chuil 'concubine', PH 867 . mna cúil ┐ cairdeasa dionnarbhadh ó fheraibh 'to put away concubines and lemans from men', AFM ii 1100z (s.a. 1152) . mnai cuínnceda betrothed woman, BB 442b4 . an bhean chuinghedha, IGT Decl. ex. 1198. b.¤ ḟir married woman: fóemad serce a mban fer, Ériu lix 70 . b.¤ ḟúataig an abducted woman (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 90 ). b.¤ gáeil kins-woman : is í a b.¤ gáeil fen phósas, PH 7790. See 1 gáel. b.¤ grésa embroidress : coeca ban [n]gressa is ferr bói a nEirinn `sempstress' (Gloss.), Acall. 5537. See 1 grés. b.¤ imtha see immad. b.¤ oéntama single, unmarried woman (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 107.10 ). slān slithi mnā oēntama `immunity for overcoming a single woman by stealth' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 107.13 ), ZCP xv 351 § 40. See oentam, 1 oentama. b.¤ síde, see 1 síd. b.¤ tanaisi lanamnusa `second [subordinate] woman of union', BCrólige 56 . ag mnaoi Mháighe by the lady of the Maigue, DDána 99.37 .

(c) In g s. with prec. noun female, -ess, etc.: aoighe mná nách mair a fear `a stranger woman', TD 11.32 . dalta mna `a foster-daughter', BNnÉ 120.16 . Bóann, fāigh mnā prophetess, ZCP xiii 166.9 . ni thaghuill b.¤ no leanobh og mna a reileg `no woman or young female child', Mart. Don. 400.25 .

II wife : mo bensa `my wife', Sg. 61b14 . Tea b.¤ Ermoin meic Milid, Thes. ii 314.24 . leth díri cach gráid túaithe fora mnaí, Críth G. 125. cetharda[e] ndíllat(a) leis ┐ a ben `he and his wife have' (note), 199 . orca[e] lia be[i]n, 408 . coblaith dia mnai fri bein in rig equal rank with the king's wife for his wife, Ériu vi 136.14 . b.¤ dagḟir, LL 7554. ro theacht mhnaoi a dhingbhāla `he had a worthy wife', Fl. Earls 132.22 . tré mhnaoi Thighearnáin Uí Ruairc do bhreith leis, TSh. 5471.

Compds. ban- is the normal composition form (for gender of compds. see GOI § 254 , O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 16 ff.). When prefixed to a noun (1) denoting a male person or animal it makes a corresponding female form; (2) it has adj. force and means female, pertaining to a woman .

With nouns. ¤abb abbess : banab gl. abatissa, Ir. Gl. 22. Finnguala . . . banab Chille Craebnat, Ann. Conn. 1301.2 . banab m., IGT Decl. § 21 , g s. an banabadh, ex. 788 . mar bhanabaidh ndlighthigh `Abbesse', RSClára 98a . ¤accaid (see aiccid) female tenant, farmer : (contemptuously of Medb) cid ra mer in cali ┐ in b.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1934. ? ¤aicde woman's handiwork : ar cirtha adbullom banaicdigh, Laws ii 394.10 Comm. banaicidh (but leg. -aicdi, Stud. in E. Ir. Law, 35.1) uaidhsiumh `feminine implements' (supplied by her husband to the woman worker described as a beccdéntaid), Laws ii 410.22 Comm. ¤aiced (collect. cf. prec.) woman's implements, tools : comad urlam a frichnam ac ban-aicidhibh, O'Curry 661 (H.3.18, 323). ¤aided woman's death (i.e. in child-birth): cen mna décaib de banaidid, Dinds. 161. -aigne female advocate: mar bhanaighne is ort anaim, PBocht 14.36 . -airchinnech female erenagh ; abbess : b.¤ gl. antesta, antestita, Sg. 66a17 . tanic an banairchindeach do béin cluig, YBL 1a19 . co banairchinnig Lainne, BColm. 26 § 28. b.¤ na hecalsa `prioress', Lism. L. 1436. ¤airfitech female musician : banairfidech Thíre Tairnngaire uli hí, Acall. 7205. ¤airle woman's counsel : Adham Samson Solum rí / romersat a mbanairlí, Ériu ii 229.9 . (in rhetoric) b.¤ betha (báetha, LU) nacha auchaide heed not the foolish words of women, TBC-I¹ 2092. ¤aite: ó bhanoide na gcuradh .i. Scáthach `instructress', Keat. ii 3390. ¤aitire: b.¤ tainic tar cend banbidbad (sic leg.) re laim a banfecheman and `a female surety', Laws i 148.24 Comm. apad naile ┐ anadh naile o ban etere for banbidhbaidh, O'Curry 988 (H. 3.18 424b) = Laws i 148.28 Comm. ¤ammait witch, hag (with magic power): robai banamaid i tig in rig . . . ┐ dobert a mathair Corc for faesam na hamaide, BB 251a35 . ¤amus woman-servant, female hireling: mad feramus nó b.¤ noda-mela (of grinding with a quern on Sunday), Ériu ii 204.22 . b., a folac a incaib maicc no celi `a hired woman', Ériu xii 85 § 4. mac banamsa, ZCP xvi 215.33 . rucus comaltar do banamuis, xv 310 § 6 . sóeramais ┐ banamais ic roind ┐ ic dáil dóib, Ériu iv 124.27 . ¤augra: máth b.¤ co sārtairbirt trī muilt ind `a fight among women', Cáin Ad. 44. ¤augtar: Bridhe banughdar, Keat. iii 498.

¤breth female judgment, judgment of (concerning ?) women: banbrethaib glossed bretha ban, O'Dav. 994. b.¤ briugu female briugu EIF 417 : batir banbrugaid sōn, Corm. Y 87.12 (§1018) . Becnait banbhrugaid ainm (na) mná maithe si, Acall. 1876 . ¤búachaill herdswoman: sech ba bard, ba b.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 22.20 .

¤cháem: banchōem de Alpa female noble, Celtica iii 182.3 . ¤chaingen female question, case: nocha n-ē an banc[h]aingen / berar ar cúl, ZCP viii 216.32 . ¤cháinte female satirist, lampooner: ba banchainte (viz. Lebarcham), IT i 71.12 ( LMU 6 ). cont-ric fri Richis mbancháinti, MU² 1029 ( LU 1528 ). a comlebaid na banchainti, Cóir Anm. 54. ¤chara woman friend: do uc Mane banscál n-alachtai b.¤ dó `a concubine of his', Trip. 86.19 . b.¤ in dorchaduis (= amica tenebrarum, ed.), Aisl. Tond. 95 § 2. bretha in mac . . . cúa bancharait, LU 1663 ( RC ix 454.10 ). ¤chath: conid b.¤ Rochada insin `Rochad's Woman-fight' (Faraday), LU 5945 ( bān-, TBC-I¹ 1479 ). ¤chéile female companion, mate, wife: a bancheli díngbala diabuil, PH 8175. as i fa banchele dó .i. Eithne Taebhḟada his wife (of a king), Ériu iii 150 § 1. ¤chenn female ruler: (of B.V.M.) tú bain-cheann brogha nimhe, A. Ó Dálaigh xi 5. ¤chimbid female captive: co mbanchimidh lais i n-ergabhail, Anecd. ii 12.15 . ¤chlíamain female relative-in-law: a bhainchlíamhuin Sárai bean a mhic Abram = daughter in law, Gen. xi 31. go ma malluigh an té luighios léna bhainchlíamhuin = mother in law, Deuteronomy xxvii 23. ¤choairt female land-holder: b.¤ mnā, ZCP vii 300.2 . ¤choic female cook: bancoig gl. presena (sic), Ir. Gl. 247. atgnīed cach b.¤ dībh a būaraigh, ZCP vii 300.9 . ¤choimdiu female ruler, mistress, lady: inna banchoimded gl. dominatricis, Ml. 84c4 . isin banchoimdid gl. in domina, 129c7 . ¤choimétaid ( ¤aige) female guardian, custodian: a bhuime ┐ a bhancoimedaidhe, BNnÉ 192 § 9.5 . banchoimedaith do chiraib ┐ do clioirib `keeper of . . . combs and caskets', Dinds. 80. See banchola. ¤chomairlid female adviser; woman councillor: banflatha ┐ banchomairlighe, Anecd. ii 64.7 . ¤chomarba heiress (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 103 f .) glossing be togai: .i. b.¤ las-mbi fer for bantinchur, Ir. Recht 8 § 9. female coarb, successor (as head of religious community): bancomurba Brighdi, RC xviii 31.30 . ¤chorr female heron: in b.¤ , Triads 237 . ¤chró: lánéraic a mb.¤ of their female stock, Cáin Ad. 29. ¤chú bitch: ba banc[h]ú tra in t-orci ┐ ba torrach, Corm. Y 883.39 . b.¤chuire woman-troop: cichit biet b.¤chuire, Études Celt. xv 539 . ¤chumal bondwoman: b.¤ dit muntir atamchomnaic, LL 7749 ( TBC-LL¹ 219 ). ro gonais cride . . . do banchumale fen, LB 233a58 .

¤dálem waitress: b.¤ gl. caupona, Sg. 63a3 (see Études Celt. xi 128 ). ¤dalta: ónmid b.¤ doib a female ward, ZCP viii 308.31 . ¤dechon see dechon. ¤día goddess: Brigit . . . bandēa no adratis filid . . . eam deam uocant poetarum , Corm. Y 150. bándǽ iffirnn gl. Parcas, Sg. 53b1 . Ceres bandea hetho, 60a4 . bandia Cimodocia `the goddess Cymodoce', Aen. 2410. a meic na baindea, 2411 . ¤deiscipul female disciple: doronai Patraic combo bandescipul dó, Trip. 178.11 . ¤delb: nói mbain-delba (-delbda, (mná) remhra, v.ll.) dluth-chóema `nine female forms', Metr. Dinds. ii 28.4 . ¤deoraid woman-stranger, woman outsider: cumad miach sliged do bandeoraidh, Laws ii 390.26 Comm . Fig. (of a flag) bratach mheic éachtaigh Eoghain / minic bhíos n-a baindeoraidh, DDána 85.7 . ¤dialt feminine declension, Auraic. 1830. ¤druí druidess; female skilled in magic arts: tri ferdruid ┐ tri bandrúid, TBC-LL¹ 2402 = dī (leg. tri) drúid insin ┐ a teóra mná, TBC-I¹ 1767. bandrai ┐ bancumachtach mē, ZCP xii 252.14 . a mhaca na bandrúagh = of the sorceress, Isaiah lvii 3.

¤ech mare: (description of a camel) anmann iongantach . . . ionsamhail bhaineich, AFM iv 1080.11 . ¤echlach female horse-messenger: cuiris E. a baineachlach arcend Meadba co Cruachain `female messenger', Ériu ii 178.20 . ¤écht: ni dernnsat banechta ban `have never committed woman-slaughter', MR 212.9 . gan bainéacht do dhéanamh lé `not to slay a woman with it' (one of three `geasa' on a spear), Keat. ii 4389. ¤éices poetess: baneices, LL 1110. ¤én hen bird: ise in mintan cid banen (i.e. the word `mintan' is masc. though it denotes a female bird), Auraic. 541. ¤ernastaid female spouse, wife: (in spiritual sense of Christ and the Church) in fáilte fil do'nd ernastaid spirutalda i n-a mb.¤ , PH 3987. ba sí síur ind Oedha roba bainernustaidh don tí Niall `Hugh's sister was N.'s wife', Hugh Roe 252.2 . ¤esba woman's wantonness: condot ellat / eter briga banespa, LU 3525 ( SCC 28 ).

¤ḟáith, ¤ḟáid woman seer, prophetess: a Feidélm banḟaith co acci in slúag?, LU 4530 ( TBC-I¹ 43 ). Feidelm banḟáid . . . atamchomnaicse, LL 7750. M. bhanfháigh, Exodus xv 20. ¤ḟéinnid woman warrior, amazon: N. . . . ro bith and la hE. mbanfeinded `E. the championess', Dinds. 105. na banḟéndi, TTr.² 1698 . ¤ḟeis(s) see banais. ¤ḟigige woman weaver: bacan na bainfighidh, BNnÉ 191.4 . ¤ḟili poetess: Fedelm banfili do Chonnachtaib mo ainmsea, LU 4525 (TBC). Quies Huallaige . . . banḟile Herend, Ann. Inisf. 934. ¤ḟlaith princess, sovereign lady: banflaith .i. ben . . . amal Meidb Cruachna, Ir. Recht 4 § 1. iar nairdbiu inna banflatha sin gl. Athalia, `queen', Ml. 14a2 . ¤ḟuine baking, kneading done for a woman hence (in opp. to fer-ḟuine) baking of a smaller size, quantity or measure: ceitheora bairgena fichet do banfuine, ZCP xiv 356.7 .

¤gaiscedach female champion: banghaisgedach do mhuinn- tir Ghuill, ML² 412. ¤gal woman's feat of arms: b.¤ (sic leg., ed.) banuallach and-so ale, TBC-LL¹ 4312 ( LL 11116 ). ¤galgat female champion: for slicht na bangalgaite, Airne F. 29. ¤geis: nā gabaidh na baingesa let them not touch forbidden things (i.e. have dealings with a woman), ZCP xii 394.4 . ¤gíall female hostage: (of Mary) ba bangīall (sic leg.: Gabhrīal) Rīgh in rīchidh, ZCP viii 562 § 3. ¤glór: tuath-bhanglór tásclabartha troch `perverse woman-like talk', MR 294.21 . ¤gním: do chuaidh b.¤ tar fergním ag C. the action of a female overcame C.'s action of a male, Comp. CC 116.13 . With 1 grád female rank: teora cumhala cach bangradh do neach is ingen graidh sechta, O'D. 2397 ( Rawl. B 506, 49 ). With 2 grád love for a woman: laigi fri b.¤ , LU 3590 ( SCC 30 ). ¤grés woman's work, needlework; in comic name: Brecan mac Bangresa, Anecd. ii 55.15 . Cf. baingrésach, Acall. 5537 v.l. ¤Gúaire female counterpart of G.: a bhanGhuaire Chláir Chormaic, Dánta Gr. 16.24 .

¤impir empress: do chúala in bhainimpir sin .i. Saphia, ZCP xiii 181.27 . ¤inne women's mind, intuition (?): tic b.¤ don banmíl, LL 375a43 . ¤insce, ¤innsgne feminine gender: gach banindsci, Corm. Y 1219. ferinnsci ┐ banninsci (banindsge, 3024 YBL) . . . lasin nGaidel .i. mascul ┐ femen . . . lasin Laitneoir, Auraic. 521. gobhar gabhar . . . indscne bainindsci innta they take a feminine pronoun, IGT Decl. § 17.23 (usually contracted to b.¤ ).

¤ auspicious day for women: trí banlae: lúan, mairt, cétaín, Triads 216 . Cf. trí ferlae, 217 . ¤leiccerd, ¤lethcerd poetess (see leiccerd): Etan ingen Dīancēcht, banlethcerd ( bannlicerd, Corm. 37 ), Corm. Y 537 . Cf. -éices supra. do Sampait . . . buachail dī ┐ banlicerd isen, BB 393a46 ( Dinds. 86 ). Cf. (of S.) sech ba bard, ba ban-búachail, Metr. Dinds. iv 22.20 . co comfarnaic frie Gris banliccerd ingen Ricisi, BB 368a25 . ¤lennán mistress: at banlendan ┐ at menmarc fer n-domain uli, LU 8237 ( FB 18 ). a baínleandan ┐ a mnai cuínnceda, BB 442b4 . luidh i riocht bain-leandain Conoinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 82.6 . ¤léo, léoman lioness: banleu, Études Celt. xi 125. fer-léo ┐ bain-leo, BNnÉ 84 § 171 . dealbh bhainleomhain, Keat. iii 2002. ¤liaig woman physician, leech; A. b.¤ (daughter of Dian Cécht), LL 1110.

¤mac(c), ¤mac(c)án female infant, a girl-child (see O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 16 ff .): it brestai in bainmaicc `the woman-children', Fél. July 20 . intan asberar ise (= is é) in banmhac-sa (of a masc. noun used for a female), Auraic. 531. Lende banmac ben ba Tuathail / . . . / Báne a hainm, LL 4888. dia mbad missi in banmacan, / nocechrainn cach faelmacan, Auraic. 533 (= banmacam, 3163 ). ¤máer: banmhaor . . . ag tabach na cána soin seachnóin Éireann `a female steward', Keat. i 182.3 . ¤maigister: ingena . . . ┐ do bí banmaighister accu `a governess', Fier. 93. ¤mug bondwoman: cride . . . do ban- chumale fen ┐ do banmogad, LB 233a58 . caoca fermhogh ┐ caoca banmhogh, BS 104.31 .

¤náma(e) female enemy: bannamae gl. inimica, Ml. 26a4 . a bannámu diabuil, PH 8327. ¤noéb(-m) holy woman, female saint: sarucchadh na bannaoimhe, AFM v 1668.7 . ag naomh nó ag bannaomh, TSh. 1048.

¤óclach: go léigfeadh . . . gach uile dhuine a bhanóglach sáor = maidservant , Jeremiah xxxiv 9. amhail banóglaoich, Keat. ii 4699. ¤óg virgin , BNnÉ 189 § 38 . ro tuirn ar mullach cinn na banóighi 'alighted on top of the virgin's head', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 187 § 37 . do-ṡaoileadar . . . gur loisgeadh an banoigh ionrac, Ériu v 76.30 . tar an mbanoigh, 32 . ¤oígi: banoegi (banogi, MS.) `female guest', Sg. 66a15 . ¤othrus: annsom i mbrithemnacht otrusa la Fēne banotrus `nursing of women', BCrólige 30 .

¤rechtaire: rechtairi ┐ banrechtairi . . . ic dáil dóib side ` stewardesses ', Ériu iv 124.19 . dís bhanrachtaireadha `two dairymaids', ITS xvi 118.1 . ¤ríga(i)n queen: is si robad banrígan in chóicid uli, LU 8259 ( FB 20 ). inghean rígh thír na mbéo / is bainríoghain fós, Oss. iv 250.10 . ¤rígnacht queenship: b.¤ úas bantrocht, LU 8231 ( FB 17 ). ? ¤rothán: banrothan (: ¤ṡrothán ?) (name of a metrical stanza), IT iii 101 § 181. -rún: ni dat maithe banrúna, IT i 123.18 . ( TE 9 Eg.)

¤ṡáer: bansaer `a woman wright', BCrólige 32 . -ṡacart priestess: bansagart Iunaindi iside, Aen. 1673. ¤ṡégonn, ¤ṡégainn a distinguished, accomplished lady; consort of a ségainn: manad-fuil . . . nac mbainsedoind lib-si nad gubansedonn (Find asks Cormac for a bride), ZCP xiii 268.19 . cach rí cona rígain, . . . cach ségaind cona banshégaind, MU² 198 . ¤ṡéitig ( ¤ṡéitche) wife: is ecoir do sailisi misi d'fhaghail do bainseitci `as wife', ZCP vi 26.22 . ¤ṡelgaire huntress: i ndelb bansealgairi (viz. Venus), Aen. 293. ¤ṡenchas history, traditions of (celebrated) women: b., buidne, bága (recited at the Fair of Carmun), Metr. Dinds. iii 20.15 . bainṡenchas Erind anso siss, BB 282a11 (title. See RC xlvii 282 ). Leabhar Bainseanchuis, Keat. i 80.5 . ¤tṡeomratóir, ¤ṡeomróir female chamberlain: do goir cuice a bainseomróir (bantṡeomradoír, v.l.), Fier. 92. ¤ṡídaige female dweller in a síd, fairy woman: is é dochoid in n-ectra . . . re Náir b.¤ , LL 2898. conid si aided Moingfinde bansidaige `so this is the death of M. the Banshee', RC xxiv 178.18 . ¤ṡlecht: co hAth mbannslechta to the Ford of Woman-Slaughter, Ériu v 212 n. 92 - 96 .

¤tairchetlaid prophetess: bantaircetlaid Críst (said of St. Brigit), Lism. L. 1704 . ¤tairngertaid prophetess: is hī seo bantairrngertaig Chrīst, ZCP xii 293.31 . ¤tairismid: banterismid gl. obstetrix, Sg. 69a18 . bantairsi (leg. tairismidi?), Lism. L. 1201. ¤tellach: techta cach banteallaig `every woman's entry', Laws iv 8.22 . dethbir in baintellaigh ┐ in feartellaigh .i. anus dechmuide dfir anus cethruime do mnaoi, 14.22 Comm. ¤teolaid see teolaid. ¤tigerna lady; mistress; female ruler: b.¤ Clainni Connmaig re linn tri tigerna `Lady of Clanconway' (first as wife and then as Dowager, n. 3), Ann. Conn. 1411.30 . dobudh baintighearna dhó féin (the soul) that was his (i.e. the body's) own mistress, TSh. 9678. an sólās do bhí ar ar mbaintighearna ghlórmuir (viz. Muire), Parrth. Anma 3792. uinge dor ag an mBaintiagarnain . . . a neaghmais amantuir Tiarna; ┐ tri huinge san mbliaghain do chios Bantiarnain . . . a neaghmais, etc. `Lady's rent', Trans. RIA xv 43.z , 44.2 . ¤tinchor the property brought by a woman on marrying: fer for bantincur, Laws ii 356.7 . acht do bithsiu ar bantincur mnaa supported by a woman, LL 7558. ¤tindnacul = prec. ? fer ratchuir ar bantidnacul mna who has made you dependent on a woman's bounty, LL 12250 ( TBC-LL¹ 5998 ). ¤toísech: bantaisech ingenraid[e] na Cruachnai ` chieftainess ', Dinds. 80. ¤trebthach see baintrebthach. ¤túath: ag na bantuathaibh seo bhádar an dá ríoghdhámh `noble females', Keat. i 218.16 . ¤túathaid (supernatural) woman with magic power: ar ba cumachtach sidhe ┐ bantuathaíd cen bai a colaind, BB 264a7 ( SG 332.9 ). ¤tuilg (a d s.) applied (? only) to wife, consort of a briugu: (of Feast of Tara) ni teded dia hol . . . brudidh gin bantuilg leis, ZCP xiii 260.14 . briuga cin bantuilcc, 268.13 . cach briugu cona bantuilg each hospitaller with his consort, MU² 196.

¤úa female descendant: ag banua Iarla Uladh, DDána 99.10 . banua niece Plunkett s.v. neptis , Celtica xix 138 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤éccoscda of womanly kind, form: onni as feminina, femina .i. banda no banecoscda, Auraic. 612. ¤gnéthech(-ach): bangnethach no bangnimach `of womanly activities', Auraic. 612. ¤úallach: (of a woman's feat of arms) bangal (sic leg., ed.) banuallach and-so ale, TBC-LL¹ 4312 ( LL 11116 ). As subst. ¤áirgech milkmaid: an bhanairgheach, BS 177.27 . ar na cocairibh ┐ banairghibh `dairy-maids', Rule of Tallaght 8.12 . ¤bachlach gl. leno, Sg. 52a5 . pn As epithet: ¤Bretnach British woman, Anecd. iii 57.6 . ¤cháintech female satirist: bancháinteach Chonchubhair da ngairthí Leabharcham, Keat. ii 2952. ¤chumachtach woman possessing magic power: Cáoineocc ban-cumachtach sithe `a fairy witch', BNnÉ 151.33 . (epithet of Venus) imthusa Beniri banchumachtaighi, TTebe 1046 . ¤grésach (1 grés): baingrésach, Acall. 5537 v.l. ¤Laignech Leinster-woman: ropo beoda in b.¤ , Rawl. 87a35 . ¤túaithech witch, wise woman: bantuathecha (sic, bantuatha, banthuach, v.ll.) Tuathe de Danand, LL 16545. woman of Túatha Dé Danand: .iii. híngeana Earnmhais na banthuathaíghe, BB 33a38 . Be Chuille ┐ Dianand na dí bantuathig, LL 1112. Badb ┐ Macha ┐ Anand . . . tri ingena Ernbais na bantuathige, 1121 . female chief: ionann . . . tuathach ┐ tighearna . . . do beirthear dá bhantuathaigh ar Bheuchuill ┐ ar Dhanainn, do bhí 'na mbaintighearnaibh aca, Keat. i 214.25 .

Rarely with form ben-. ¤Ebrach: mas eabhrach nó air beineabhrach = Hebrewess, Jeremiah xxxiv 9. ¤gág wrinkled woman, hag: a bh.¤ , BS 86.28 . ¤geilt madwoman: co ttarla bengheilt dó ann, BS 108.6 . ¤impire empress: Henri mac na Beinimpire, Mart. Don. xxix 29.

See banais, banaltra, bantrocht, banscál.

clé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clé or dil.ie/9397
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: clí, clé, clii, clí, clé, clí, chlīu, chlí, cléa, cléi

adj io, iā. lámh chlé . . . (lámh chlí lochtach), IGT Decl. § 139 . n s. f. lám chlíí, PH 5950 . a s f. clí, 523 . g s m. in chatha clé , LL 364 . g s f. a lama clii , Laws v 80.3 Comm. do riged clí , TBC-LL¹ 46 . na righedh clé , Stair Erc. 352 . láime clí , IGT Decl. ex. 1933 . d s m. for clār chlīu , Corp. Gen. 281.12 . d s f. for laim chlí , Thes. ii 13.31 ( BCr. 19c3 ). n pl. a llamha cléa , CCath. 6140 . d pl. ina lámaib cléi , TFerbe 237 . See GOI p. 61 .

I

(a) left : cle gl. sinister , Ir. Gl. 387 . clē a clypeo (, clepio MS.), Corm. Y 225 . clae a clepio , O'Mulc. 215 . maraid slicht inna bachla in a leith clíu, Lat. Lives 52.8 . cepp ina láim chlí . . . bíail ina láim deis, LU 9190 ( FB 91 ). dofil in carpat . . . ┐ dorala clār clē frind (an insult or challenge), TBC-I¹ 1192 ( LU 5668 ). tossoísom iarom clár c.¤ a carpait fri hEmain, LU 5194 (TBC). ardaslig tar fonnad c.¤ / cotagoin in ríastarthe, 4574 (TBC). tuc-sam a glun c.¤ rissin carpat, Acall. 6940 . colg dét iarna chossliasait chlí, TBC-LL¹ 5288 . tuc a ulli ch.¤ fáe i Taltin (implication not clear), 4641 . tonindnaig ind ammait leithi in chon dó assa laim chlí (to bring misfortune upon him), LL 13890 . dul ar an dtaoibh gc.¤ `to be condemned on the Day of Judgment', Dánfhocail 48 . docomhlat as . . . laimh clí frisan loch, Hugh Roe² 64.9 ( láimh clé, 60.29 ). beannacht na láimhe clí do M., TSh. 9909 (regarded as less efficacious than beannacht na láimhe deise, 9908 ). ar an láimh ndeis ná ar a' láimh cclí, Párl. na mB. 2041 .

(b) Fig. malign, inauspicious, ill-omened, sinister; bad, perverse: c.¤ .i. cláon, O'Cl. da ainm don chlaoine colaigh / `ciol' is `cle', Metr. Gl. 28 § 41 . a ḟlaith Cermna can ni c.¤ `without partiality', LL 23250 ( CRR 54 ). aided ind Ḟind chétna ch.¤ / la Sétna perverse(?), LL 14931 . luid uadib cen chísal c.¤ / co tísad afrithise `without wrongful offence(?)', Metr. Dinds. ii 28.39 . robo c.¤ mana in marc-ṡluag `that array of steeds was an evil omen', iv 128.68 . Hence: c.¤ .i. olc. c.¤ mhana .i. olc, urchóid no adgall, O'Cl. (who seems to regard it as a compd but mana: braga). Cf. cle is mana fort a Chithruadh, BLism. 1731b17 . beith 'ga cāi robad clē dam, / ō do bī toil Dē 'na dul I should do wrong to mourn him, ZCP vii 303 § 6 . cathugud ceilgi as clē dūind / ┐ mē fa meirgi in Rīg, ACL iii 237 § 30 (`dangerous', Aithd. D. 62 ). iarsin curp cle-su `after this wayward body', Ériu xix 12 § 6 . do chath-cliu na Conallach, MR 188.8 . fa taom c.¤ anadh re hágh `a perilous act', Celtica ii 169 § 48 . acsin [saer]chlanna Dairi / ní comhairemh c.¤ no wrong estimation(?), Miscell. Celt. Soc. 32.9 . sén Dé duit is dúin-ne / ní c.¤ duit ar nduain-ne not inauspicious (inaugural ode to chief), Caithr. Thoirdh. 31.22 . don phubal is c.¤ do chosc / an té thugadh dá tegusc, IGT Decl. ex. 737 . gidh c.¤ an chúis laghaidh tho' the case for pardon is unfortunate, 20 . an chuideachta ch.¤ `evil com- panions', Aithd. D. 52.9 . gér thréan do ba taom c.¤ an ill-starred effort, 17.33 . an chraobh nachar ch.¤ mbreath `the straight-judging hero', 30 . go fail blodh dib co soirb imcubaid da dainib maithi ┐ blodh co doirb cle . . . da drochdainib inauspicious, Ir. Astr. Tr. 70.14 . modha claona an chreidimh ch.¤ , Keat. Poems 1266 . measuim gur c.¤ an ceart d'áoneach . . . , Párl. na mB. 3683 .

Freq. in chevilles: tuitset na cróeba, nár ch.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 148.7 . Tea, nar ch.¤ / ben Erimóin `never unjust', i 4.31 . Cf. Fen. 54.1 . seólsat curchán, créd nad c.¤ `of flawless metal', Metr. Dinds. ii 30.65 . nī clē, RC xxxvii 347 § 39 . clu nad ch.¤ , xx 44.5 (ACC Comm.). nochar chaingen c.¤ , Mart. Don. 162.11 . ní hiúl c.¤ `'tis no erroneous report', SGS iv 144 § 29 .

II As subst.

(a) left side, left hand : a c.¤ ra Berna M. . . . a ndes ri Slíab nÉ., MU² 262 . ro impa in t-ech a ch.¤ friss, LL 13814 . cf. 13818 . co tuc a c[h]. re Coill Ruaidh, ML² 2066 . na findad do ch.¤ a n-a díngne do deis, PH 6081 .

for (ar) clíu on the left side : claideb . . . bar a chlíu, TBC-LL¹ 2737 . beir mo scíath . . . / . . . / co rraib ar cliu Chormaic Cais, LL 18383 . craeba cailce for a clīu (of a shield), ZCP viii 227 § 1 . sciath mor . . . ar cli cach oen ḟir, Cog. 74.17 .

by the left side, to the left expressed by dat. without prec. prep.: nī rubai neach diib clīu do Āth Firdiad, TBC-I¹ 3429 ; but more frequently by do chlíu: atconnairc M. . . . foscud salach dorcha dia chlíí, Lat. Lives 93.9 . Medb . . . do chlí Ailella, LL 7871 (TBC). suidid airdrī Ailig / dia c[h]liu, ZCP viii 108.5 . Brigit form deis . . . / Colum do chlíu, LL 4817 . latrand dia deis .i. D. . . . ┐ latrand dia clíí .i. G., PH 3326 . dorat sé bualadh . . . forra dia dheis ┐ dia clí, Stair Erc. 475 . cláona as an slíghe dár ndeis nó dár cclí, Párl. na mB. 4061 . Somet. also by for clíu: forud a rig for deis ri[g] Carmun: forud ri[g] Hua Failge fora clíu, Dinds. 18 . leoghan fora dheis ┐ alaile fora clí, Stair Erc. 400 . Cf. also: do Ṡean-ghoill fein ar clé ag cruadh-ghol `on the left i.e. neglected', Keat. Poems 1383 .

(a 2) (the) north : túath in chlé 'the Northern tribe' Ériu xxiv 27 . Cf. 1 fochla.

(b) Fig. ill-luck : ort do ch.¤ ┐ do chol dúabhais (an imprecation), RC xxix 116 § 11 . 146 § 70 . Cf. 132 § 45 . fuair sé a dhódh ar c.¤ his trouble went for nothing(?), Measgra D. 8.27 .

Compds. With noun. siol gCárthaich nach ndeárnaidh clé-beart evil deed , Hard. ii 334.1 . ic tabairt a bossi deis[e] fria gin fodén, ┐ a chléboss fria gin Cathail left palm of the hand, MacCongl. 103.15 . ar cle-corpaib na curadh on the left sides, CCath. 5450 . a deiscin tar clegualainn [oc toidecht uaithi] (one of the gesa of Tailtiu), Dinds. 99 . don ḟir cuil dobo cléguin `an unjust wound', Ériu iv 112 § 2 . gabais a chúach na chleláim, LL 4573 . go bhfuil clélámh an chéle nemhdha fá bhar ccenn, RSClára f. 51a . ar folāiremh aingil na clēláimhe `the devil', Fl. Earls 50.15 . dīrgit a gcūrsa clēlāimh re Tīr C. on the right of, 8.y . clēlāmh re fairrgi, 108.10 . na cáde cen cléréim `evil course', Gorm. May 24 . Nov. 24 .

With adj. ? recoecha uile comtar tuath coecha (.i. láncacha no clécacha blind in the left eye), Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 15.18 ; 'malign, inauspicious, ill-omened, sinister; bad perverse' CMCS xliii 9 .

deccair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deccair or dil.ie/14860
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: decair, , decair, decrai, deccra, decra, deacra, deacraidhe, deacraí, deacracha, deccraib, decraib, deacraib, decrachaibh, decra, deacra, deacra, deacaire, deacraide, Deccair, deacraí, deccar-brat, fír-deccair, lán-deccair, sír-deccair

i, adj. and subst. Usually deccair in old MSS: Ériu iv 104 2 LL. SR 5823 . LL 192 b 11 f.b. Ériu v 221. 12 LL. TFerbe 439 . Acall. 6593 . decair, LB 272 b 23 . RC xi 131. 4 . SG 217. 27 . Snedg. u. Mac R xi 3 . Rawl. 165 b 12 . CCath. 4508 . Mod. MSS deacair.—g s. decair SG 275. 2 f.b. Now pronounced diŏcair with the same open o-sound as in beag. SUBST. g s. decrai, LU 131 b 16 . n p. deccra, LL 44 b 4 ; 201 a 13 . Dinds. § 9 . decra, LL 30 a 34 . deacra, Ériu i 20. 8 . Mod. deacraidhe, deacraí ( Aesop ii 100 b ). a p. deacracha, Lib. Flav. ii 10 b 2. 5 . d p. deccraib, LL 152 a 3 . decraib, Gorm. Sep. 25 . Lism. L. xxx 2 . deacraib, YBL 326 b 2 . Laws v 232. 23 . BS § 39, l. 23 . decrachaibh, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 334. 1 (early 16th-century poem).—COMP. decra, SG 260. 32 . Reg. San. 28. 1 , 2 f.b. deacra, Ériu i 95 § 50 . Miscell. Celt. Soc. 344. 8 . Donlevy 156. 10 . MOD. deacra and deacaire ( Páidín 14. 9 f.b. ). With -de: deacraide, TSh. 257. 26 . BS 54. 10 .—Deccair rhymes with lepaid, TFerbe 439 ; LL 194 b 36 ; Ériu v 221. 12 (LL).

ORIGIN: Regularly developed from †di-accair, i.e. privative di + †accor (compare tacar and cuirithir `places'); cf. decmaing, 2 deithbir, deinmne. Cf. socair, doccair.

I Difficult, troublesome, hard ; often connected with doilig, díchumaic, díchumaing ( LL 192 b 53 ) and doccair ( BB 305 a 30 ). The opposite of 2 assa(e), airassa ( Donlevy 418.25 ).

(a) usually with the copula, of actions: hard to perform , &c.—qui oblationes...cum difficultate reddunt .i. an dream ...réna deacair a dtabhairt uatha, TSh. 130. 2 . ba decair ┐ ba doilig la clannaib Néill beth oc fulang anforráin Eogain forru, LB 272 b 23 . decair dréim re Pennaibh Pó hard to climb Benbo RC xi 131. 4 . is decair dul i Mantribil, ib. xix 264 § 181 . ní ḟuil ní as decra liom iná gilla do bheith agam, SG 260. 9 f.b. ib. 3 f.b. dobudh dheacra la Doṁnall D. found it harder Ériu i 95 § 50 . ní budh deacra do dhéanaṁ, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 344. 8 . is uime sin is decra a ndealughadh ón tes, Reg. San. 28. 2 f.b. — dobudh deacraide dhó, TSh. 257. 26 . is decair dhom labhairt do lomm, Midnight court 391 ; ib. 421 , 845 . an deacair sin do dheunadh? ní deacair atá se coṁfuras sin ┐ &c., Donlevy 418. 25 . ib. 156. 10 ; 180. 10 ; 430. 12 ; 452. 11 ; 456. 3 , 5 f.b. OCT 27.1 f.b. ; 28. 3 f.b. Romans v 7 . MOD. is d., nach d., Finck ii 87. 2 . is deacra ná san maireachtaint a gceart a bhfus, W.K. deacair, P. O'C. Lhuyd (deacar, deaclach sic). Sc. id. HSD. Macd.

(b) attributively to a subst. difficult, troublesome : in gilla decair, SG 260. 3 , 5 f.b. ; 262. 6 , 11 . ní dalb decair, Rawl. 165 b 12 (chev.). foccail doccair deccair, IT iii 65 .

II Hard, hard to bear, grievous , esp. is deccair lim I feel sorry = is doilig lim: fá doiligh ┐ fa deacair leo Goll do bheith san éigean sin, ML 136. 21 . fosglais an buachaill an doras...acht gér dheacair leis é though he was loth to do so Each. Iol., 15. 10 . Cf. Sc. is d. leinn 'achṁasan his reproofs are grievous to us Macd. 314 a 5 . 's d. a Chola brí do sgeoil , HSD s.v. In Mod.-Ir. is d. liom only means `I think it hard.'

III Subst. a difficulty, an embarrassment, a trouble; hardship, distress, affliction . Often connected with such words as ainces, díchumang, doilgius, dúad, 1 esbaid, imṡním, &c.— mór decrai ┐ mór aingcessa do thabairt form, LU 131 b 16 . táthum domna bróin...bith ar lepaid na llæch is deccair is díchumang, LL 192 b 11 f.b. Mo Doe fri decraib, Gorm. Sept. 25 . nír dligh mé méid mo muirni. féch a Dé ár ndecuir ni, O'Gr. Cat. 347. 8 . ní bíth duag ná deccair ar nech intan dochluined in ceol sin, Acall. 6593 ( ib. 6565 n. ) = SG 217. 27 . Alex. 639 . tine dá marbad dá ttáinig a móirdheacra, Ériu i 20. 8 . me um Dhiarmuid lem dhecrachaibh, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 334. 1 ; ib. 19 . mé a ndecair sa ndrochonóir le hesbaidh Í Eidirsceoil, 332. 1 . cidh mór nesbaidh fuaramar is mó in decair déighenach, 334. 1 f.b. truagh áṁ nach...romṁarbadh sa resíu nobheinn isin deacair si, BS § 20. 10 . ib. § 39. 1 , 23 . deacair (sic leg.) ┐ doilgheas, TSh. 136. 15 . MOD. deacraí troubles Aesop ii 100 b .

IV Hard to accomplish; strange, rare, wonderful, cf. V. érim ndecair a wondrous course, Snedg. u. Mac R xi 3 (chev.). réim ndeccair, LL 201 b 41 (chev.). ná bad séim do deog deccair, Ériu iv 104. 2 LL. Cf. Sc. is ní deacair a ta an righ ag iarruidh, Dan. ii 11 .

V Subst. a wonder, a marvel (now obs.). deacair .i. iongnadh O'Cl. P. O'C. a mbídh do dhecraibh ┐ do buadhuib i ríghdhúinibh Éirenn, BLism. 96 a . Lism. L. xxx 2 = B. Fermoy 24 a 1 ; cf. Anecd. ii 1. 4 . na deccra na degbúada LL 44 b 4 . Cuan hua Lothchán...eolach i ndeccraib hÉrenn, 152 a 3 . ceti trí deccra rostecht. fer cen chend air, &c., 201 a 13 . trí decra iṅganta i suidiu .i. lathrach ind rígthaige Chormaic lathrach ind Foraid...Múr Tea , 30 a 34 . cf. Dinds. § 9 (deccra). is do deacraib in domuin, Laws v 232. 23 . do deacraib ríg in richid, YBL 326 b 2 . ba deccair taidbsen dia drech, SR 5823 ; cf. ib. 717 . ní dam nā déine deccair, TFerbe 439 ; 'it is something to me which does not cause wonder' ZCP x 380 . dorónsat sluaig deccra de (= ferta), Metr. Dinds. iii 44. 71 . gona dánaib go ndecraib (Lec., sic leg., : Bretnaib), Todd Nenn. 136. 3 . BB 204 b 18 .—Subst. or adj. : conárb ingnad ┐ nár decair fer a maithiusa do ḟreccra ríg, CCath. 4508 . dobíd Buide nír deccair: ┐ Estiu i noenlepaid, Ériu v 221. 12 LL. as suaill daṁna a ndeacra, Hy Fiach. 174 (not `act of wondering' as suggested in Contr.).

VI COMPD. (a) deccar-brat ā, f.: gur scaipeadar mo dheacarbhroid a tír nÉireann, Gadelica ii 109. 8 . dochailleamair mo dheacarbhroid ar bḟírleogain, ib. 110.15 ; v. 1 brat. (a) fír-deccair: cid scél fromtha is f., LL 194 b 36 . lán-deccair very marvellous, a great marvel : Loch Léin is lándeacair leam: ceithri creasa na timcheall, ZCP v 24 st 12 (one of the wonders of Ireland). oen-deccair: a fagaind ón rígraidh sin do buar do brat do bíud: dobéraind ar aendecair daenfear do cét do tríur, ZCP v 23 st 28 . sír-deccair constant hardship, trouble : ní gnáth co menic nach saigthech cen sírdecair, Alex. 639 .

MOD. only usual in the sense of I and III.

ro-cluinethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ro-cluinethar or dil.ie/35401
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: rocluiniur-sa, rocluinethar, nís-cluinethar, rochluinemmar, rochlúinetar, cluinte, cluinnte, cluinti, cluin, cluinem, rochluined, chluined, rocloor, chloor, clór-sa, clor-sa, condam-cloither-sa, ro-cloither, ro-domchloathar, cloodar, rocloammar, cloamar, rocloatar, cloadar, clóra, clórat, ra-cload, ro-das-cload, cloath, cloimmis, cloitis, ro-clótís, rot-chechladar, rond-cechladar, nos-cechla, ceclos, concechlabat, con-cechlafat, cechlaind, rochualae, rochualai, rochuala, rochúala, rocuala-su, rochuale, rom-chualae, ronda-cu[a]lae, níscualae, conid-chuale, cúala, rochualammar-ni, racualid, cualaid-si, rochualatar, cú[a]latar, rocluinter, rocechlastar, concechlastar, cechlaiter, rocechlastai, rochlos, roclos, closs, rachlas, rochlús, roclossa, rocloth, cloth, cloith, chlothi, clúas, chluas, chluais, cloistecht, cloistin, cluinsin, rus-clousa, rus-cl

v depon.

Early forms: pres. 1 s. rocluiniur-sa, LU 6899 ( BDD 50 ). 3 s. rocluinethar, Wb. 12c22 , cf. 12c46 . TBC-I¹ 2973 , 3603 . nís-cluinethar, Ml. 21b2 . 1 pl. rochluinemmar, Ml. 112b13 . 3 pl. rochlúinetar, Wb. 11b6 . imp. 2 s. cluinte, Ml. 136a10 . SR 1842 , 2480 . Fél. Ep. 314 , 365 , 425 . LU 5493 ( TBC-I¹ 1014 ). cluinnte, Corm. Y 100 . cluinti, SR 3334 . cluin, 2441 (common Mid.Ir. form). 1 pl. cluinem, 3315 . impf. 3 s. rochluined, LL 260a27 ( IT i 72.5 ). nod chluined , ib. 28 . subj. pres. 1 s. rocloor, Wb. 23d2 . nicon chloor , 23b41 . na clór-sa , LL 280a18 . dia clor-sa , 147a2 . 2 s. condam-cloither-sa, Ml. 21b6 . ro-cloither, Mon. Tall. 136.15 . 3 s. ro-domchloathar, Thes. ii 358.2 ( Hy. vii ). cloodar, Ériu i 118.12 (Aided Áenfir Aífe). 1 pl. rocloammar, Ml. 112b12 . co cloamar , CCath. 4520 (archaism). 3 pl. rocloatar, Ml. 70a2 . dia cloadar som, Mon. Tall. 137.6 . Later forms: 3 s. dá clóra , Ériu i 130.37 ( LL 46b8 ). 3 pl. co clórat , TBC-LL¹ 4939 ( LL 95a18 ). subj. impf. 3 s. ra-cload, Ml. 43c13 . ro-das-cload, Hy. v 53 . ni cloath , Ériu iii 104 § 40 (Rule of Ailbe). 1 pl. mani cloimmis , Wb. 26b23 . 2 pl. r-a-chlóithe, 24d21 . 3 pl. coni cloitis , 5a8 . ro-clótís, LU 6898 ( BDD 50 ). fut. 3 s. rot-chechladar, Wb. 28d16 . rond-cechladar, Ml. 53b27 . nos-cechla, LL 47a12 ( RC xxix 211 § 6 ). rel. ceclos, Blathm. § 135 (MS) . 3 pl. concechlabat, TBC-LL¹ 1055 . con-cechlafat, 802 (late forms with b- inflexions). cond. 1 s. ar na cechlaind , Anecd. ii 7 z . pret. 1 s. rochualae, Mon. Tall. 140.22 . rochualai, 132.6 . rochuala, 157.4 . 2 s. rochúala, Wb. 28c22 . rocuala-su, Ml. 50d7 . 3 s. rochuale, Wb. 5a7 . rom-chualae, Ml. 130b11 . ronda-cu[a]lae, 124d6 . níscualae, 59a13 , cf. 95c9 . conid-chuale, 20a2 . co cúala , LU 1954 ( FA 2 ). 1 pl. rochualammar-ni, Wb. 5a7 . 2 pl. racualid, 22a23 . innád cualaid-si , 5a21 . 3 pl. rochualatar, 30a11 , cf. 5a8 , 12d28 . ní cú[a]latar , Ml. 102d7 . Pass. pres. s. rocluinter, LU 2199 . PH 3755 . fut. s. rocechlastar, TBC-I¹ 3379 = concechlastar, TBC-LL¹ 5583 ( LL 100a25 ). pl. cechlaiter , LL 47a11 ( RC xxix 211 § 6 ). cond. s. rocechlastai, LU 7180 ( BDD 85 ). pret. s. rochlos, Wb. 23c11 . Thes. ii 292 . 17 ( Ml. Poems ii ). roclos, TBC-LL¹ 2611 , cf. 1020 . noco closs , 3673 . rachlas, 2786 . rochlús, SR 769 (metri gratiâ). ? pl. roclossa, LL 23a22 . A Mid.Ir. sing. formation from the participle is rocloth, LU 1464 , 6595 ; co cloth , LU 5445 , 5499 , 5453 , 5470 , 5473 (= con cloith , TBC-I¹ 998 YBL), 5483 . Part. g s m. in chlothi , Ml. 48b3 (gl. exauditi). Vn. O.Ir. clúas; dat. do chluas , Wb. 23c2 . acc. cen mu chluais without hearing me , Ml. 130b11 . Later cloistecht, cloistin, cluinsin.

In the Mid.Ir. period treated as an active vb. of regular conjugation; the stem cluin- appears in subj. and fut. (for late formations from clo- see above). A curious perf. is 1 s. rus-clousa, LB 35a68 ( PH 1579 ); cf. the stem clois- in later language; 3 s. rus-cl, LB 62a17 ( Three Hom. 52.30 ). The perf. forms act. and pass. continue in use down to the Mod.Ir. period. The preverb ro- is commonly replaced by ad- (at-, it-) or do-.

Hears (a sound, tidings, etc.): auchide .i. cluinnte quasi aure accipe , Corm. Y 100 . rocluinethar cách in fogur, Wb. 12c22 . an rochluinemmar hua chluasaib, Ml. 112b13 . dia cluintis in fogur sin nos gébad ule crith, FA 14 . mani cloimmis for ndrogscéla unless we heard ill reports of you , Wb. 26b23 . airm in nā closs guth, Ériu ii 136.8 . benait cluig . . . go gclos fon mbaile uile iad, Fl. Earls 52.3 . With pers. obj. (often = listens to): cách rot-chechladar oc precept, Wb. 28d16 . nom cluin-se anosa, a Dé!, PH 1209 . cenel . . . nach adrann ┐ nach cluin ar ṅdee-ni, 1403 . Folld. by LA or ó of the person heard: clunem-ni latt let us hear [it] from you , TBC-LL¹ 3176 . is hed rochuala la Crundmael, Mon. Tall. 72 , cf. pp. 132.6 , 133.18 . mar dochluinim las cach cléir, Ériu ii 50 § 1 . cluineam uait, TBC-I¹ 2361 . Occas. with LA and reflex. pron.: cluinte lat, á Íssu, do deórudán lobur, Fél. Ep. 365 , cf. 425 . Folld. by a statement in oratio recta: rocualai, ol sessem, is hi figil . . . la Duiblitir, Mon. Tall. 129.12 . With vn. phrase: dia cloadar-som indí sin do denam dúini if they hear that we perform it , Mon. Tall. 137.6 . roclos fón tír uli a thoduscad-side a bbās, PH 4467 . do clos fon cathraigh uili Gyi do beith gallrach, ZCP vi 25.35 . ní closs terce brait ná bíd ar Dáil Chais, Metr. Dinds. iii 310.105 . ní clos a druim fria eccraittibh ittir, AFM vi 1874 y .

Hears of: Brega Tea . . . rocluinter úair ba haird-ben `B.T. is famed', Metr. Dinds. i 6.18 . nech bad chalmu noco closs, TBC-LL¹ 3673 . nocha cuala a comháluinn I have not heard of its equal for beauty , Ériu iv 112 § 1 . ní chuala thech | isin glind-sea I never heard of a house in this glen , RC vii 296.103 . acht go ccluinit an cíos so aga iarraidh, BNnÉ 248.8 . a chatha 's a chongala | úaim nos cechla cách, RC xxix 211 § 6 .

róm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. róm or dil.ie/35515

Forms: róim

n ā, f. and róim (Lat. Roma) strictly `the city of Rome' (see above), hence used in early Ir. relig. lit. of a saint's settlement in which he was buried and hence of a burial-ground in general; the full term for the latter being r.¤ adnaicthe. Brega Tea . . . in róm relgech ná rairged `the burying ground that was not rifled', Metr. Dinds. i 6.20 . 'sna roim arrsaig adlaici `in the ancient place of burial', iii 422.20 . is é . . . Glen da lacha in cethramadh Roimh adhlaicthe as ferr i nErinn one of the four greatest burial-places , BNnÉ 128 § 23 . trian ele an chiosa . . . tucc Maodócc . . . da Roimh aoibhinn adhlaicthe, 259.16 (of Ros Inbhir, Maedóc's settlement). is e bud roimh adhlaicthe do sloghaib iarthair domhain, BCC § 156 (of Aran). go róim adlaicte a shenathar, Caithr. Thoirdh. 130.31 . an rómh adhnaicthe in ro dheónuigh an Coimdhe a adhnacal .i. an Rómh cenn na Criostuidhe, AFM vi 2372 y - z 0 . i rróimh adhnacail Shíl Aodha, 2048.3 . ro badh ádhbha aineoil . . . robtar rómha adhnaicthe dóibh, 2298.24 . béarthar thú le céathrar ar ghuailníbh id róimh, Keat. Poems 357 . Cf. Bk. of Landaff pp. 1 , 83 : insula Enli que more britannico uocatur Roma Britannie . . . cum xx millia sanctorum ibi iacent corpora confessorum.

In bardic poetry freq. also of a frequented centre of resort, chief's residence, etc.; cf. bennán cét ríg, róim aile a second Rome (of Tara), Ériu iv 92 § 4 ( LL 33b18 ; ro mbaile, Rawl.). Colum Cille . . . oghdar dían ardrōm [sic MS.] airdnem whose high sanctuary is heaven , ZCP x 340.8 . a rómh na ríogh !, Measgra D. 56.67 (of castle of Donegal destroyed in 1595). an róimh nósmhar so fúibh, 57.34 (of a ruined castle). róimh eighreachta an eangnomha `valor's inherited capital', TD 3.4 . sen-róimh na naom 's na neimead (of Ireland), O'Gr. Cat. 466.19 (Eochaidh Ó Heodhusa). trí rómha a ngabhmaois grádha (of the bardic schools' rooms of study), Ir. Review 1913, 594 § 8 .

Compd. Daimhinis . . . is i rōim-inis na renn | ocus ōig-inis Ērenn, MacCarthy 436.4 ( BB 51a47 ).

2 tascar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 tascar or dil.ie/40181

Forms: Tascur

n o, m. Cf. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 615.

(a) company, band, retinue, particularly of a king or other dignitary: tasgur .i. muinnter, O'Dav. 1606. tascor .i. tionól, muinntear, no imirce, O'Cl. ní bu brónach int oscur `the company was not sorrowful,' Thes. ii 334.2 (but cf. Ped. ad loc. cit.). log n-einech cacha tascair co tri tascuru, Laws v 240.10 Comm. ri tuaithe co tascraib, H 3.18, 247 ( O'Curry 473 ). [e]slān taurbad[a ?] tascuir rīg `der Entschuldigungsgrund durch die Ankunft des Königs macht nicht bussfrei,' ZCP xv 332.y . Cf. O'Dav. 1501. ni fuilngiter taurrana ┐ tascuir ri[g], Ériu xii 12.5 (the transl. `arrival' (see note) does not seem supported by the exx.). athgabail briugaid ar lin a tascair, Laws i 194.z . ba búaid tlossa ocus tascair, Metr. Dinds. iii 54.19 . ar méd do tarscuir ┐ ar lin do daine (? leg. dáme), Hib. Min. 66.7 .

(b) company, band of soldiers: fair tuc cen táth a thascur | Rí na ráth `upon it Rí ... brought his cavalcade,' Metr. Dinds. iii 452.23 . tasccar albanach do theacht i ttír, AFM vi 1974.10 .

(c) an expedition from across the sea, hence frequ. glossed by coblach fleet: tascor .i. cobhlach, O'Cl. im dingbail tascuir lir, keeping off sea raiders, Laws i 122.15 . tascor mara, Harl. 5280, 46b (Plummer MS. notes). ticc tasccar (.i. coblach) air, co morbruth, | d'fine ferrdha Fomoruch, Leb. Gab.(i) 50.7 . tasccar murchoblach, Hugh Roe 94.29 . Of the invasion of Meic Míled: iar tascur mac Miled, LL 167b9 . tascor mac Miledh tar muir (.i. coblach. tasccur .i. do muir. dám .i. do thír), Leb. Gab.(i) 272.8 . tarrscur tireach ... | mac Mileadh, BB 36b32 . gach dana ... gach calma ... tasgar Mac Milidh `is of the colony of,' MS. Mat. 580.11 .

As n.pr. Tea ┐ Tascur ┐ Tualaing, TBC-I¹ 1678.

Téa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Téa or dil.ie/40250

n. pr. of the legendary foundress of Tara: Temair .i. te múr múr T.¤ ingine Lúgdach maic hItha, Corm. 42 . roclaitea clad imma tech | ac T.¤ móir ingin Lugdech | ... | conad uaithi atá Temair, Metr. Dinds. i 4.33 . Tea, ingen Luighdheach, mic Ithe, AFM i 30.1 . Múr Té Tara , TD 8.18 .

temair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. temair or dil.ie/40480
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: Temro, Temrae, Temair, Teamhair

n i, later k, f. g s. Temro, Thes. ii 263.31 . Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 16 § 1 . Temrae, BColm. 72.11 . ? Temair, Metr. Dinds. i 46.1 . IGT § 151 . Latinized Temoria, Thes. ii 259.3 .

(a) any high place, eminence, hill ; in some of these exx. we have to do with a metaphorical use of the placename (e.g. t.¤ feda), EIF 382, 654 , The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 427 : grec rotruaillned and téomora (? Θεώρημα, Θεωρέω, τιμωρέω, , CMCS xv 15 n. 68 ) i.e. conspicio. t.¤ din cach loch (locc, Y) ba hurgna decsin iter mhag ┐ tech ut diciter t.¤ na duath .i. grianan no tulach. t.¤ in tige .i. grianan, Corm. 42 . a verbo Greco temoro .i. conspicio. úair is t.¤ ainm do cech inad asnid soirb fegad radairc. unde dicitur t.¤ na tuathe t.¤ in tige, LL 159a9 . t.¤ cech n-ard cech n-irgna | ... | t.¤ cech mbennach mbirda | acht mad Emain, Metr. Dinds. i 10.65 . omnis locus conspicuus et emineus sive in campo sive in domo sive in quocumque loco sit, vocabulo quod dicitur t.¤ nominari potest ... ut dicitur t.¤ na tuaithi et in toighi ..., RC xv 278 § 4 . doglinn glasaib temrach .i. tinóltar é a glaisinib na tulach, t.¤ tulach da reir sin, O'Dav. 616. for t.¤ ┐ dingna na cathrach, TTr.² 205 . ? dianforba t.¤ telchaind, IT iii 17.15 . in t.¤ feda, crann is áirde bís isin fídh eside, H 5.15, 28a ( O'D. 1676 ). temhair .i. gruaidh, ut est niam temra rosa .i. is í t.¤ th'aighthi do gruaidh, O'Dav. 1546. Cf. Ériu xiii 14.13 . ? To this: teamair .i. aibhinn, Stowe Gl. 126 = Lec. Gl. 27 , 191 . See túaithebair.

(b) n. loc. Tara in Co. Meath. See Metr. Dinds. i 1 - 45 , Rennes Dinds., RC xv 277 ff. T.¤ .i. te múr múr Téa ingine Lúgdach maic hItha, Corm. 42 . ac Tea móir ingin Lugdech | ...conad uaithi atá T.¤ , Metr. Dinds. i 4.36 . According to Met. Dinds. originally called T.¤ Breg: T.¤ Breg, cid ní diatá | ... | cuin do dedail frisin mbruig | cuin robo T. T.? `when did the place come to be called T. (instead of T.B.)' (notes), i 2.1 . But the opposite seems implied in: T.¤ diatá T.¤ Breg, i 20.105 . óclach do thuaith Temra Breag, Acall. 2001 . T.¤ tuathi ┐ tigi | ... | mathair anai cech fhine, Metr. Dinds. i 10.69 . lengait Temuir, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 41 § 29 (temraig, v.l.). seach Theamair, BDD² 174 . co Temraig, Thes. ii 354.8 . doirrseóir Temra, Corm. 28 Milgitan. feis Temra, IT i 118.26 . bid fās tír Temrach túae, Thes. ii 314.3 . go rabus ag impod na Temrach, Laws i 6.14 . o Themuir, Thes. ii 241.5 . día tíagad do Th.¤ , BDD² 155 . hi Temraig, Thes. ii 307.7 . co Teamraig na Righ, CF 519 . dessel Temra, RC xv 284 § 38 . Saltair Temrach, Metr. Dinds. i 14.10 .

Also in other nn. loc.: i T.¤ Chualṅge, TBC-LL¹ 1492 . Teamhar hEirionn, CF Eg. 198 . T.¤ Érna, IGT Decl. ex. 2160 . T.¤ Lochrae, LU 6928 (BDD). T.¤ Luachra, RC xv 444 § 50 . tangadar co T.¤ Luachra, Acall. 5629 . ó Theamhar Luachra Deagha, CF Eg. 65 . See Hog. Onom. As name of an Ogam letter: aicme huatha: hOchae, Dindrigh, T.¤, Cerae, Quorann (Dinnogam), Auraic. 5689 . As n.pr. (of a woman) : Teamhair, inghean Ui Mhuirgheasa, Hy Fiach. 120.11 .

túalaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. túalaing or dil.ie/42198
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: túalang, tuailnge, Tualang

adj Perh. i- stem, but O. Ir. n s. túalang. s- stem, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 117 , but tuailnge, Wb. 17b5 , cited as n p. by Ped., seems to belong to túailnge, q.v. (*to-fo-long-) able to, capable of .

I With follg. gen.: am tualang dano a hétarcerta, Wb. 12d22 . is tualang for ṅd[íten], 26b4 . is and is tualáng a nerta `then is he effective in his exhortation,' 31b11 . combi t.¤ saintrebtha ┐ gabála[e] se(a)lb, Críth G. 78 . ni tualuing toile, Laws v 132.7 . óba t.¤ labartha, BDD² 55 . uair nír tualaing catha, LU 3206 . am tūalaing mo daltai capable of rearing a fosterchild, ZCP v 503.21 . tualaing tachair, TTebe 1541 . cia bhus tualaing teichidh?, Dán Dé v 14.

II With follg. acc. (usually a vn.)

(a) bá (leg. bad) tualang cách forcital alaili `let each be fit to instruct another,' Wb. 6d13 . as tualang deacht todiusgud crist, 13c15 . ni tualaing toxal, Laws i 102.23 . is tualaing som forgell for cach recht, 78.19 . gurub tualaing slan ┐ freiteach, O'Curry 1591 ( 23 Q 6, 2a ). ní t.¤ nech ... a chosnam frit, LU 8152 ( FB 11 ). ni tualaiṅg mór nad ḟulaiṅg no nad geib in ṁbec they who cannot endure or accept a little are not capable of much, RC iii 176.35 . tualaing ferann able to possess land, LL 387a1 . nī tūalaing nech mo marbad, ZCP vii 302.28 . nach geba Cruachain d'á éis | rí budh tualaing a aisnés `a king of reputation equal to his,' Celt. Rev. iv 24.31 . cor-bam tualaing-se a chomet, Anecd. i 10.18 . is tūalaing Dīa sin God can do that, ZCP vii 306.34 . do Bhanbha ... ní tualaing | rí ... an tuaraim thug no king can give such hope to Ireland as he did, DDána 94.12 . fear nach tualaing a tógbháil (croch), PBocht 23.1 . níom tualaing suan, TSh. 2144 (quot.). ni tualuing mhé beith ica bhfegadh, Caithr. CC 21.1 . Impers.: cur mná tairse nach tualaing | a-tá d'aidhbhse ar Fh. `that no woman can be set above her,' Aithd. D. 18.20 . cathair dhithoglaidi ... nir'bhá tualaing n-amais fuirri could not be attacked, Marco P. 131.

(b) With vn. constr. of the type: ni t.¤ trá nach ndúil in chétmad rand ... d'innisin, LU 2484 . conidam t.¤ airer críchi d'imditin, 10294 . Cf. corbo tualaing fogla do denum, 3194 (fogla gs. ? ap. ?). re lind Ugaini viii. ur fo tualaing bir D[eichen] do imcoimet eight men could look after the spit of D., Celt. Rev. viii 75.14 . gach ród nach iongabhtha d'fhior ... | tualaing gach aon lé mbudh áil | raon ré ghualainn do ghabháil every road not to be taken ... he who wishes can take the one beside it, Dán Dé vi 2 . triúr nach tualaing mé | do chosg dhíom, DDána 5.9 . nír' bo thualaing gnimrad míled do frecra, CCath. 329.

(c) Occas. also in Laws with follg. finite clause: ni tualaing rod gaba athgabail na di fornaisc `he is not capable of taking distress who is not able to bind it,' i 84.9 . ni tualaing roda selba sanna nech no do ren `one who has sold land cannot unbind it,' 202.5 .

III In constructions with prepp.: dar gcoimhéidne is tú is tualuing, TD 41.17 . dar gcomairce is tú as tualaing, DDána 67.3 . o nach t.¤ thú féin do dhol ann, Ériu v 194.554 . bhur gcosnamh cia dar tualaing?, Aithd. D. 39.1 . cia dán tualaing a thuigsin?, Dán Dé xiv 25 . targaidh nemh —is air ba tualaing only he could make such an offer, BNnÉ 138.1 . gorbo tualaing catha Cuinn ar maithib Muman ar in mag sin, ML² 294. ar niba tualaing fri forbba (tualaing orba; tuailing oirb, v.ll.) ara ōetid, Corp. Gen. 71 (124a39) .

As n. pr.: Téa ┐ Tascur ┐ Tualang , TBC-I¹ 1678 = TBC-LL¹ 2021 . In n. loc.: Magh Tualaing, ML² 296.

tuilltech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tuilltech or dil.ie/42345
Last Revised: 2013

adj o, ā (tuilled ?): Brega Tea, treb t.¤ `a teeming home,' Metr. Dinds. i 6.17 (tuillmech, v.l.). co fil fo thráig thruimm thuilltig `under the heavy high-piled strand,' iv 82.43 . ? [t]uilldech diamebtar breig like a flood (?) The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 86 § 33 (MS.) .

tuinnem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tuinnem or dil.ie/42358

n u, m. vn. of do-sní. ` struggle, anguish ,' Metr. Dinds. Gloss. , `Antrieb, Anstrengung,' Pokorny, ZCP xx 404 . See also Wortk. 223 . dindgna ... | forsmbiad lecht Tea iar t.¤ , Metr. Dinds. i 6.11 = cen t.¤ , LL 161b43 . Cf. manar .i. scaileadh ┐ tonn .i. bas in fragm. of a glossary, O'Curry 1175 ( H 3.18, 467 ), citing this stanza. See Petrie's Tara 133.12 . toinneamh .i. bás, O'Cl., with same citation. See tonnad.