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2 bennach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bennach or dil.ie/5657
Last Revised: 2013

adj o, ā (benn) pointed, peaked; horned: b.¤ gl. cornutus, Sg. 60a5 .

(a) Of animals, etc.: arbūaib bendachaib (rhetoric), TBC-I¹ 1002. a mmil mbeannach dobert an mhuir `horned beast', Ériu ii 118 § 57. bó bendach, TTebe 36 . guna búar b.¤ , BNnÉ 287.5 . a énín bhrat-ghlas bh.¤ `sharp-beaked', SG 56.34 . Note also bó binnech (beinnech, v.l.), Triads 85 .

(b) Other applications: ra gabastar a da ṡleig chendchritháncha bennacha, TBC-LL¹ 4604. a gabáil ṡréin brainig bennaig (of a bridle) edged with points (?), Murphy Metrics 69 § 75 ; `ornamented with horn (?)´ EIS 217 . fithchell cona foirind bláith bric bendaig, MacCongl. 118.29 . ailgim bairc mbennaig, YBL 16b28 . dá mac Taidg na mbarc mb.¤ ` sharp-prowed ', O'Gr. Cat. 360.27. ceoltigi béndacha ` pinnacled ', Trip. 34.11 . múr roidhil síthbheannach sliom, DDána 117.4 . do ibhinn fíon . . . / as barr a mbuabhall mbeannach `horn goblets', KMMisc. 352.20 . tucus-sa cúach mbendach mbán `pointed', Metr. Dinds. iii 120.13 . mo shaltair bennach bordbrecc `decorated (?)´ Celtica xxiii 309, 311 . See trebennach.

As subst. bendac[h] .i. gobal fork, Corm. Y 189. O'Cl. Temair cech mb.¤ mbirda `every peaked and pointed hill', Metr. Dinds. i 10.19 . (name of a bull) Findbennach the White-horned, LU 10401. (of a cross) a bheannach bhuadhach, DDána 41.31 .

1 cía

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cía or dil.ie/8965
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cía, ci, cá, gá, cá, gá, cár, cá, cía, citné, cia, ciodh, cisne, cipé, cipé

interr. and indef. pron. Given in list of interrogatives, Laws v 6.1 ff. Comm. ; for forms permitted and prohibited in classical verse see IGT Introd. § 16 . See GOI §§ 456 - 460 , Strachan, Ériu i 6 ff. , Bergin, Ériu xii 205 ff.

A As interrogative.

I General form cía (ce, ci) (`unstressed or weakly stressed,' GOI § 456 ) without indication of gender. In later lang. freq. cá, gá (cf. gia, TBC-LL¹ 56 , giá, 730 etc.). who? what ? (in direct and indirect interrogation).

(a) With dependent verb (as conj. part. or in accordance with Bergin's Law). As subject of vb.: cia beir búar o thig Temrach who takes? LL 1566 . cía rét Brega?, LU 9306 . ? cia saig do rús Herind. . .?, LL 1787 . cía taisiu?, LU 6307 . cia bátar do bésa?, Tec. Corm. 7 . ní fitir R. cía-rraba / crích `whose was', Metr. Dinds. iv 4.45 . immoscoemorcuir ceptar hé, Corm. Bodl. 34.21 . As object: ce róich `how far . . . extends', Sg. 26a11 . cia roich eneclann?, Laws iii 536.1 . cia-roig dire? Ir. Recht 13 § 14 . cia fairneac?, Ériu xi 44.3 . cia acca whom didst thou see? LU 7135 . bec a ḟis duid cia do ordo, Anecd. i 7.5 ( do(o)rdo, SCano 198 `what I croon', Gloss.). So also in cíar(r)icc (separate article). Rarely cid in this use. Nom. cid dernad?, LL 251a18 . Accus. cid dernais?, LL 251a39 .

With inf. pron. usually cich-: cichib foruireth? . . . fon-roireth imned what has been caused to you? TBFr. 399 = ZCP iv 45.28 . cichib-roerad? what has been prepared for you (i.e. how have you fared?), IT iii 237.62 = cichib roér ol Bodb. Nin foruireth nammaith olse, LL 246b24 . mnā brataiter . . . cichi brata? cichi aig? cichi goin? who abducts them? TBC-I¹ 1081 (cicen, cíche, ciche, LU). ? ciche bárogell a regg / sonend ┐ dubdonend, LL 376a4 . Exceptionally: ar feisidh ciab dergeine `who has made you', Blathm. 91 § 6 . fir gontair, mnā brattar, bai agthar . . . cistabrata, cisdagata, cisdabeir? TBC-I¹ 2989 . See ZCP xxii 29 .

With copula: innaní asbertis cipad a déne ind hesséirgi `that used to say what would be the swiftness of the resurrection', Wb. 25b27 . conid fessed cia bed flaith inna diad, Ml. 89b7 . For cía ba chan see can.

Hence in various adverbial meanings. (b) how ? cia Ulto ána acca?, LL 13439 . cumma cīa-thōetsat imbi, Sc.M² 3 (`how', Gloss.). cía festa `how should ye know?' Metr. Dinds. iii 48.12 . cia ḟacci ar sluág?, TBC-LL¹ 223 . is cuma dó c.¤ eipli, Liad. and Cuir. 20.17 `how he dies', Contribb. 363 . With deut. form: cía dorochair Cróeb Dathi?, Metr. Dinds. iii 148.1 . Note also: cīa tairicc? Tairic hi cind teora mblīadna when? ZCP viii 312.29 .

(c) where ? In later lang. cá, gá (nasalizing), with narrative tense cár. cá `lochdach', IGT Introd. § 16 . Orig. with téit: ni fetatar cia deochaid where he went, LU 3329 ( SCC 12 ). nocon ḟess cia deochatar, LL 290a27 . With deut. form of vb. cia dochuatar ass? where did they go? TFerbe 565 . In later lang.: cá ngabhaid?, Oss. iii 232.5 . Keat. Poems 1545 . cá bhfaighion tú an raidhirc so?, ZCP v 215.419 . cā ndearnais do c[h]ēadc[h]reach?, Feis Tighe Chonáin 145 . cár ghabh, 490 . cá ar fríth é?, ZCP v 215.418 . carbh ail les dul, Stair Erc. 981 . With attá: ga ffuil maithe na Féine?, Duan. F. ii 322 § 15 (see iii 151). ga bhfuil suim . . . na naitheantadh `what is the abridgment?' Donlevy 52.22 . ro fhiarfaigh I. ca rabe A., Stair Erc. 25 . do f[h]iafraigdur dī cā raibhe sí whence she was, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1666 . Note also cia racha, ITS xvii 188.1526 etc.

(d) With fíu glossing Lat. quam, how (great, etc.): cia fíu .i. mór ní gl. quam admirabile, Ml. 17b12 - 13 . gl. quam (sollicite), 23a10 . ce fiu gl. quam maxime, Sg. 114a3 . See Dict. Fasc. fíu and compare cia fiú me bheith beó etc. how can I remain alive? ITS xvii 159.963 .

(e) With follg. noun (often as antecedent of rel. clause). With masc.: ciachruth gl. quomodo, Sg. 212a1 (see 1 cruth). cia dune ind inni-sseo gl. qualem . . . hominem, Ml. 35c33 . cia mod .i. imba do gres . . . `what measure', Ml. 100d4 . Perh. also in the follg.: dús cia port indib maith óigedacht `in what place', Wb. 26b24 . cia salmscribdid conicfed són `what psalmist?', Ml. 14a6 . amal nad finnatar sidi cia loc sainriud dia regtais, 99b10 . cia randdatu bis indi, Sg. 27a12 . cía cethrar? Rí ┐ brithem etc., Críth G. 536 . cia file ar secht ccumhaluibh dlighidh what poet . . .? Ériu xiii 18.4 . cia fot atúsa isin chotlud sa how long? LU 6359 . gá fad?, TSh. 1618 . ca sén dob ferr?, Ériu iv 224.13 . ca ræt in muirn . . . ar-at-cluineam?, TTebe 1901 (see crét). ca hinad?, LB 137b51 . gá cara don uile as fhearr?, A. Ó Dálaigh xv 5 . DDána 50.12 . gá fhios nach . . . (ḟ = bf?), O'Gr. Cat. 456.10 . gá chúis fá . . ., 12 . cár bh'iongnadh?, Hard. i 204 .

(f) With fem.: cia airm `what place', Wb. 12d18 (see cairm, cáit). ceseirc gl. quam caritatem habeam, 14d15 (differently GOI 289 ). ce meit gl. quanto, 33a1 . ce mét aimmser bes indi `what times may be in it', Sg. 25b16 . ce méit a[s] sinu aís quam A. `how much older', Wb. 34a5 . See méit. cia dú gl. quo, Ml. 40c7 . cia inni soas `how He turns', 123d8 (see note). cá huair díscáeilter in doman nó cá tráth thiucfus Dia?, RC xxiv 382.32 . ca delb rogabais? Ériu iv 104.15 . cia ben is mesa do mnáib?, ZCP viii 113.11 . cá slat is slimghile bas?, O'Gr. Cat. 332.27 . ga hobar dhíbh nach doiligh?, Studies 1921, 588 § 1 . gá breath rug féin ar an bhfear? Dán Dé xxv 16 .

(g) With neut.: cia eret mbete oc m'ingraimmim-se `how long?' Ml. 33a9 . cia airet bis micomus etc., Laws ii 186.6 . cia hairet, PH 1501 . See airet, cairet. anfis ca cinel aire nos beir etc., Laws i 188.6 Comm. cia forcenn doberthar foraib, Ml. 33a9 . na fetar . . . ca galar . . ro-t-básaig, CRR 3 . cia indas conaittechtatar a n-íc, Ml. 90b16 . décaid . . . a arm cia indas rundgabsat, 55c1 (see indas, cindas). cia leath reghma?, Anecd. i 2.9 ( SCano 25 ). cia tír, ZCP viii 318.33 .

(h) cía with follg. prep. and noun or pron. rendering oblique cases of Lat. pronn. (see GOI 228 - 229 ): cia ar neoch gl. ad quid, Sg. 217a5 . Cf. cia erneo gl. quam ob rem, Ml. 101a4 . ci erniu gl. quamobrem, 47b1 . cairhe biit, Sg. 242b1 leg. ciairneo = quamobrem, n . ciarrét gl. quamobrem, Ml. 48c2 . cide gl. de quo (cia de? cid de?), Sg. 3a9 . cia du neuch gl. ad quem . . .? Ml. 16a9 . cia dunaib hi do foirmsed gl. de quibus adderet? 35a17 . cia du forcunn gl. quem ad finem, 33a9 . cia du rét gl. cui rei? 121d1 . cia isnaib hí gl. in quibus, 49c13 . cia in n-erbirt ṁbiuth gl. in quem ussum, 46b28 . cia i n-olcaib gl. in quibus malis, 23b2 . ci onaibhi, gl. quibus, 47a10 . cio ainmnid dixnigidir gl. ex quo sit nominatiuo? Sg. 207b3 . ciofut gl. usque quo, Ml. 20a17 . 93a15 . ci ho fothaib són gl. quibus (dementiae facibus accensi sunt), 16b19 . ci o retaib gl. quibus rebus, 35c35 . gl. ex quibus rebus, 44d24 . cio thomus gl. qua libra etc., 55d16 . So also probably in later lang.: cia chuige a ndírighmid ar nurnuigh, Donlevy 364.16 . ca as a tangadar, Stair Erc. 1412 . casa ticit siat, Ir. Astr. Tr. 146.1 . Hence perh. in later phr. gá d'ulc what is the harm of? (see olc, Bard. Synt. Tr. 45.z ). gá d'ulc bogur an bhása?, IGT Decl. ex. 758 . gá d'ulc mé gan mothugadh?, ex. 224 . gá d'ulc óigrí eslobar?, O'Gr. Cat. 470.9 . Cf. 2 cair. See Éigse xii 136 .

(i) In phrase cíadono why (then)? (see GOI 289 See further Éigse xii 136 .): ar cia dono gl. ut quid autem, Wb. 2d10 . hóre ro-n-ortigestar dia cedono tuidecht friss `why then?' 6a4 . ce dono rigne occo `what, then, is the good of prolixity in it?' 8d15 . cepu dono adrad dǽ do thabirt do Pool?, 7d16 . ciapu dono dún indarpe geinte `why should we then expel the Gentiles?' 19a14 . ? ēludh ann for romhuir / nícon fess cia dona, ZCP x 344.13 .

(j) In various constructions with adjj. In early legal texts with superl.: cia measom do cain ts.? `what is the worst of . . . ?' Laws ii 194.1 . cia dilsiumh d'ḟiledhoibh, Ériu xiii 31.2 . cía háithemh eó? acais dlighidh, etc., 25.6 . Prob. also: cia so do rinnibh etc. 20.30 = ciaso do ninnaib, O'Dav. 1289 . In later lang. in phrase gá beag is it not enough? ga beag mur ḟáth duilghis, IGT Decl. ex. 1057 . cá beag d'fhiadhnaise? Studies 1920, 97 § 2 . gárbh fhearr céim, 98 § 6 . gá bheag dhúinn dá dhearbhadh ort is it not proof enough for you? Content. vi 25 . Freq. with compar. in rhetorical questions. Cf. ga meisde ┐ ga c[h]an ┐ ca d'ulc, Bard. Synt. Tr. 45.z . gá cruaidhe ceisd what more difficult question (is there)? DDána 12.1 . ga deacra ní do neithibh?, IGT Decl. ex. 938 . car doilge [le] inghin Taidg / éc Aodha aird . . . / inā d'Echtaigh a bás bróin / Corbmaic hūi Cuinn . . . , ZCP vi 269 § 4 . ca ferr duind ar mbeandacht do chur . . . go fer in liubair sea na a fágbail aigi?, LU 2769 (colophon). gá fearr m'áis-se ná m'aindeoin how is it better to get my consent than to constrain me? Dán Dé i 5 . ga feirdi me do m[healladh]?, Bard. Synt. Tr. 45.2 . cá bud fherrde, PH 7582 . gá misde don cholainn chriadh / an t-anam d'faghbháil ilphian what harm? Dán Dé xxv 41 . m'uabar gá mó mínáire?, O'Gr. Cat. 346.33 . do Mhuire gár mhó guasocht?, Dán Dé xx 47 . Note also: cá minic do chionntaidh sé `how often', Donlevy 320.28 . an lícc dimor uccat fil forsan tulaigh, cía mó atá i ttalamh dhi na uása how much more of it is in the earth than above it? BNnÉ 8.16 .

II Inflected (`more fully stressed', GOI § 456 ) cía, cisí cid, citné etc. In classical verse the forms cia and ciodh are stressed, see DDána 12.1 , 58.35 . `cía, can, cúich . . . were in direct interrogation used with the copula *esti (cf. mod. Ir. cé h-é) . . . ', O'Brien, Féil. Mhic Néill 88 .

With indep. form of verb (a) cía m.: cia beraid doib a remeperthe `who will refer to them the aforesaid?' Ml. 37a9 (perh. transition from I(a) above). Usually with rel. clause: cía rédes ruind?, BDD² 294 etc. cia dib gebus t'forba?, RC xxiv 194.1 . cía de as sru[i]thiu?, Críth G. 492 . cīa nād cūala?, ZCP xi 109 § 7 . Prob. also in follg., where there is no mark of rel.: cia con-icc ní dúun?, Wb. 4b11 . cia folínfea? 12d14 . cia dobera íc do Sión?, Ml. 34d5 . dús cia atrebea isin chathraig `to learn who will dwell in the city', 35b24 . cia de dogega `which of them I shall choose', Wb. 23b33 . dús cīa díb do-ngegad, Sc.M² 19 . caidi bad ferr la hUltu, a mmarb nō a mbeo . . . ?, TBC-I¹ 681 (cia dé, LU). do fiarfaidh A. de cia dá cloind do beith etc., ZCP xi 128.34 . quis est horum qui vicit . . . .i. cia ro blaiss bethaid?, LL 281a32 . cia aca is rogha leat?, Hard. i 274.y .

(b) cid n. (rel. frequently marked): cid aem no-dom-bera-sa cucuibsi, Wb. 1a8 . cid atobaich cen dílgud cech ancridi `what impels you . . . ?', 9c20 . nícon fitir cid asbeir, 12c22 . ro fitid cid aridfuirig a foilsigud, 26a11 . dús cid forchomnacuir indi `to learn what hath happened therein', Ml. 16c5 . cid du-gén-sa osme `what shall I do, even I?', 30b9 . ní fintar cid attrebthar and `what is possessed there', Sg. 200b13 . niconfetadar cid fodruair `they . . . knew not what had caused it', Mon. Tall. 147.13 . asbert nicon feddur cid fil do sirgabail na biaide I do not understand your continual singing of the Beati, 127.2 . cid dogén?, ZCP viii 113.9 . cid tuccais ō Guaire what hast Thou got from G.? ACL iii 2.10 . With subst. vb. in nasalising rel. clause what ails, what is the matter with? see attá. With copula: nad fes cid as maith no as olc [do] denum, Ml. 51b7 . dober Dia aithesc cid as denti no cid as imgabthi, 51b8 . cid as dech do mnáib? what is the best type of wife? ZCP viii 113.5 . Note the variation in: na cóig guthaidhe, cía dhíobh as glan no as neamhghlan, no ciodh as cáol no as leathan da bfeadhuibh oireaghdha, ┐ créd atá na ndefhoghrachuibh etc., IGT Introd. 1.10 .

With nouns in sense who is? what is?

(c) m. cía (also occasionally with other genders, and regularly with ainm, see Ériu i 9 ): cia haes esca?, SR 7964 . cía méit in gill?, Críth G. 282 . cía [a] míad sidi?, 586 . cia th'ainmsiu?, LU 10774 . cía hainm? what's your name? BDD² 264 . cía hainm dá mnaí?, 365 . cia n-anmand what are their names? TFerbe 357 . cīa cétliaigh robūi ind-Ēirinn?, ZCP viii 105.12 . cía bar lín-se is[in] indsi-se?, Ériu iv. 142.21 . nī hētur cia hainm in maic aile, ZCP viii 293.24 . cia don teora crannsa an chroch, Dán Dé iii 27 . cia an monghar mór-sa?, DDána 85.6 . cia an duine bhias beó = quis est homo? TSh. 3125 .

Forms in -so, -su etc. (cf. indic. pres. 3 s. of 2 cía. See Celtica vii 38-42 ): ciaso baili ata in crann?, SR 7931 . ciaso buaid duinne?, Bodl. Dinds. 27 . cia so gním what deed? TBC-LL¹ 958 . cíasu anmann bai for suidiu?, IT ii2 195.153 . nī fetar-sa ciasu adba etc., Fing. R. 969 . ciasa bas . . . do bean . . . in bas-crann?, Ériu iv 116 § 26 (`whose hand?'). ciasa fogealtad son? .i. miach cacha mis, Laws iv 106. 15 Comm. ím comirc doib ciasa hairm ín ro scuirsid, 106.22 Comm. ciasa run, Auraic. 5210 (císi, v.l.). ciarsat comainm celisiu what's your master's name? LL 9041 (TBC). carsat comainm?, Acall. 390 . ciarso choma no bértha dó?, LL 8937 (TBC). garsa gním sain?, 9990 (TBC).

(d) cía with pron. who is? cia tussu díxnigedar who art thou? Wb. 4c24 . cia hé nu-n-dixnaigther-siu gl. qui sis, Ml. 75c9 . ciahé gl. qui (sit), 14d14 . cia hé `who is it?' 46c17 . ce hé roscríb `who it is that has written', Sg. 197a19 . cinní sin frisnaiccai siu `whom dost thou expect?', Thes. ii 227.30 (from intí-sin, GOI § 460 ). cia so who is this? Anecd. i 8. 23 ( SCano 257 ). cía so?, Sc.M² R 10 . cīa and-so?, 11 (for inso?). cia tusu?, RC xxiv 200.9 . fochtuis Feilis scela de, ce he budein, ZCP vi 25. 18 . cīa pad cīa . . . acht . . . Condere . . . who should it be but C.? Ériu i 114 § 3 . beag a fhios agad . . . / cia misi d'fhearaibh Eireann, Studies 1924, 243 § 17 . With -so, -su: cía so thú?, LU 10768 = ciasu tu, Ériu xii 170.3 . cársa cúich thú?, Mer. Uil.² 90 . cársa cía[s]ib-si etir?, 250 .

(e) cía with follg. prep. as antecedent of rel. clause (cf. I (h) above): cia dia fiachaigedar gl. ad quem debeat, Ml. 44b3 . cia forsa tiagat? `on whom do they fall? Laws ii 178.3 . nicon-fes cīa ō-tucad, Sc.M² 3 . cia ar nach tug a thrócuire? Dán Dé xxv 46 . cor dib Painiel dian / Gabriel cia ar nach cor?, KMMisc. 254.14 . d'iomad rogha ag Día dá dhiomda / fola cía dá ttiobhra ar tós, IGT Decl. ex. 109 .

(f) cisí, ces(s)í with f. noun: cisí chomairle ǽm `what indeed is the counsel?' Ml. 34c18 . cissi slabrai in díscer sa? LU 5162 (TBC). cissi gáir seo?, 4475 . císí (sic) suillse mór sucut?, BDD² 591 . áil dūn a ḟis . . . cisī rāth so, Ériu viii 157.6 . Freq. with follg. rel. clause: cessi aimser hi rogbath `at what time it was sung', Ml. 24d10 . cisi aimsir hi for-comnactar in gnimai, 97a5 . cisí digal didenach dumberaesiu a Dǽ, 100d5 . co n-eperthae cia aiccent ┐ cisi aimser derb thechtas, Sg. 26a6 . cisi rann dogéntar di, 27a13 . cesí aram gl. ad quod genus uel numerum refertur, 197b3 . cisi chiall bís indib `what is the meaning that is in them', 217a2 . cisi muime bat tualoing what fostermother could have? Blathm. 100 § 32 . cisi mathair con bert / an geinsi? ib. (MS. cisi in, text). cisi gnuis . . . forta napsalmo?, Hib. Min. 3.76 . cise noail noclanna `by what oath shall it be settled?' Laws iv 142.3 . cisi airm hi tá L.? LU 3620 (SC. 31). rāidh frim cisé (ciséd, v.l.) dāil di ṡund dogénum, ACL iii 294 § 13 . cisi breth rucais?, Rawl. 113a2 . cissí dichuimni rod dall?, LL 21767 . fég darisse . . . cisi chonar dotháet `look again, what road is he coming', RC iii 183.33 . inderb . . . cisi uair no cisi aimsir regthair, Ériu v 120.3 . cisí hairle do beradh, Hugh Roe² 292.14 . With ellipse of rel. clause: tair limsa . . . co ndérais. Cisí dígal?, MU² 1034 . Also somet. with other genders: ciasi animnairme (ainm n-áirme) fil . . ., Hib. Min. 2.41 . ciasi ord fil forna psalmu, 6.196 . ra iarfaig . . . cissi log conattaig, LL 30975 ( TTr. 156 ). occa scrúdadh . . . cisi cruth no aithfedh, Hugh Roe² 96.15 . Note also: atbertsat cipsi magen i ferfaithe in cath, Dinds. 188 ( RC xvi 274 ).

(g) cid with n. noun. In sense what is? cid aes ṅ-esci? BCr. 32a9 . cidh dire Mac-ḟuirmidh?, Ériu xiii 25.27 . cid an ní seo?, BDD² 242 . cid damhna bar ndocesaid?, ACL iii 310 viii 3 . ciodh achd ar ghrádh no ar ghrádsa / clár págsa d'fhior ón Aodhsa?, IGT Decl. ex. 137 .

With follg. rel. clause: imrádat imráti cid maith as déntí `as to what good is to be done', Wb. 1d7 . cid ḟolad ṡluindes, Sg. 25b17 (see note). ce torad gl. quem . . . fructum habuistis? Wb. 3b29 . cid chenél gl. quod genus . . . refertar, Sg. 197b3 . Perh. also: cidechor (= cid dechor) gl. quae sit differentia, 23a2 . In difft. constr. (cf. II (c) above): ced torbe doib etarscarad . . . fria tola what does it profit them? Wb. 13c6 . ce torbe dúib-si . . . in fogur-sin, Ml. 12d5 . ced slīab inso thall?, TBC-I¹ 614 .

(h) cid with pronoun: ced ed tra `what is it then?' Wb. 3b28 . cid so?, Mon. Tall. 130.15 ; YBL 118a23 ; ZCP xiii 179.3 . cid sin?, BDD² 448 . cid ón `what is that?' RC iii 184.25 . ceadh sibh acht na seacht dtroighthe what do you amount to? DDána 53.21 .

(i) cid with DO. With follg. neg.: cid dait-siu . . . nád bod latt curadmir, etc. why shouldn't you have? LU 8139 ( FB 10 ). cid daib . . . nach mair[b]fed sib?, TTebe 1865 . cidh damhsa cen dul d'iarraidh a maithme why should I not go, etc.? RC xxvii 294 § 38 . Note also: cidh duibsi what think ye of it? (?), RC xxvi 366.13 . cidh dhúinn déanamh a bhfeasa `why need I tell of them?' Content. iv 27 .

(j) cid with DI: cid de ón what does that matter? LU 6361 . cid de-side why so? TBC-LL¹ 5580 .

(l) cid with prep. and rel. clause: cid asa fordailtea grád túa[i]the on what basis have the lay grades been laid down? Críth G. 6 . Sliab B. cid diata whence is it named? RC xv 301.5 . cídh día ndearnadh Adhamh, 23 E 26, 5.18 .

(m) In similar construction in meaning why? With AR: cid arind epur frit why do I say it to thee? Wb. 5a31 . cid ara ndluthid caratrad friu iterum?, 27a30 . cid ara todlaigther inso, Ml. 32a5 . cid ara fodaim int ais firian inna fochaidi? 55d11 . cid armad machdad etc.? Sg. 167a4 . cid arṅdid huathuislib ildaib disruthaigedar?, 198b3 . cid ar bad?, Thes. ii 227. 34 . cid ara n-eperr Críth Gablach?, Críth G. 1 . cidh ar a fhuil Cuncha ar in inadhso?, ZCP xi 40.35 . With DI: cid dia leícid cundubairt for drecht uáib?, Wb. 13b12 . cid dia n-éirena(i)tar?, Críth G. 121 . rofiarfaig . . . desim cid dia mboi fora iarrair, Grail 1522 . With IMM (later FÁ): finnaid . . . cid imma ndernad in t-id, LL 8053 (TBC). cidh ma tancais alé `why hast thou come . . . ?' Ériu iii 158 § 11 . cid 'ma n-iarthai?, TTebe 1700 . cid . . . 'mara loirgis, TFrag. 118.15 . ciodh far dhoilghe trí thairnge?, DDána 40.10 . innis dúinn ciodh fa ttánghuis, Duan. F. i 78.16 . ciodh fa ttiobhradh, IGT Decl. ex. 1311 .

(n) cid as adverb, why ? cid no mbetha . . . on what account shouldst thou be . . . ? Wb. 4c24 . cid na déccaid?, Fél. Prol. 201 . ced nach maith?, Trip.² 1968 . cid nabsin Fedelm-sa . . . cichsed, LU 8296 ( FB 22 ). Tond Chlidna cid aréracht?, Metr. Dinds. iii 214.54 . cid éige, a bean?, Celtica iv 16.154 . cidh tāi a[g] gul?, ZCP viii 559.5 . cid . . . na caithi do chuidich? Ériu v 36.19 . do chách ciodh nach aithréasda?, DDána 58.35 . cidh na ro chomaillis an gealladh doradais?, BNnÉ 295 § 22 . Cf. cid ane . . . meic na mbachlach . . . do chomram cucum what business have the sons of rustics to be contending with me? Sc.M² 12 .

(o) where ? whither ? With téit: co n-at[h]comaircter nde cid ted, RC xiii 222.5 . cid nothēigid ?, ZCP xiii 176.8 . co fesamar úait . . . cid thége whither thou goest, Ériu iv 140.5 . ní fedar festa cidh rachad, Anecd. i 77.9 . cid lotar ?, LL 12826 . cid ghébmoe ?, BDD² 245 . Exceptionally with attá: d'iar[r]aidh fhessa . . . cuith a roiphi in ingen where, TTebe 33 (leg. cáit ?).

(p) In phr. cid tra acht, see trá.

Plural forms.

(q) citné, citni (prob. from cia ata n-é ` who, what (is it) that they are?', Thurn., ZCP xx 372 , GOI § 456 ). assindet sunt tra citné cumacte diandid cóir infognam what are the powers, Wb. 6a9 . citne gl. (sí . . . quaeritur) quae (gentes), Ml. 16b13 . cit né briathra robatar `what were the words?', 61b7 . cit né robatar `what were they?', 8 . asindet ón ciné (leg. citné? edd.) fochainn . . ., 101a3 . citni rig reachta . . . / robatar 'sind amsir sin?, SR 2347 . citni trenfir dotiarmórsetsu?, LU 10261 . cit n-é uisce . . . do-ríadhad?, BDD² 456 . ni fetar citne briga / mo dul i teach cor-riga I do not know what good there is in my going into the house to kings, Ériu v 30.2 . citni cenela na fuillet, Rawl. 69a29 . indis . . . dam . . . / citne clerig notrefet, / citne oic notndeirget, Three Hom. 110.16 , 17 . citne tire in geinseadar?, Leb. Gab.(i) 234.20 = Keat. ii 741 . Without follg. noun: citné foruar what are they which He has prepared? Wb. 8b5 . citne and dī rott eblatar?, LU 10284 . citn-éisidi?, BDD² 555 . ? citne in ferand?, LL 15993 = Todd Nenn. 222.3 (ceisi urrand, v.l. 223 n.).

(r) cisne (described as an `iarmberla', Auraic. 1308 ): cis n-é amuis ata chórai?, Críth G. 578 . cisne lesa . . . tascnat . . . ?, Laws i 230.21 . cisne tri leaca robaid?, v 450.1 . cisne sgéith sguirde caithche?, Ériu xiii 17.15 . cisne trí gealla nád fuilled . . .?, 33.28 . cisne tri horba doranaiter la Féne? O'Curry 2167 ( Eg. 88, 5(6)a ). cisne a trí a nemtiger cléirech, O'D. 2209 (Nero A vii, 144b). cís ní doghair oes eiscí? IT iii 262.12 . cia on cotagair æsa escai?, 61.18 = cis non dogar eassa uiscci?, Leb. Gab.(i) 264.13 . Exceptionally with pl. ending: cisneíd side ? . . . baes ┐ aneolus ┐ eitges, ZCP xii 363.2 .

(s) cis (see ZCP xx 372 , Ériu xiv 140 ): cis tána? ZCP xx 372.19 . cis n-dithle `welches sind Entwendungen?', 17 . cis duirn díolmhuine dlighther?, Ériu xiii 23.5 = O'Dav. 584 . cis dúar dían drongaighther . . . ?, Ériu xiii 26.2 = cis [i] duar etc., O'Dav. 883 . cis daghmaine domain dingnaith? O'Curry 2460 ( Eg. 88, 37(38)c ). cis rechta na gaibter a fiadhnaisi? 2600 ( Eg. 88, 51 (52)b ).

(t) Phr. cis lir how many (are) ? See Bergin, Ériu xiv 140 ff. cislir .i. cia lear no lin na sochaidi, Laws v 4.x Comm. cis lir tairgsin cach fine `how many are the . . . ?', 463.13 . gabála báise cis lir `the ways of folly, what is their number?' Tec. Corm. 14 (24.2) (gabail, v.l.). With follg. noun and rel. clause: cis-lir fir for a nasgar how many men are there who are bound? Ériu xiii 31. 21 . cis lir lanamna docuisin la feine? Laws ii 344.1 . cislir fodhla fil forsan mbron?, Anecd. v 24.16 . With follg. rel. verb: cis lir ata chóra[i] do ríg do giull how many (things) are legal . . . ? Críth G. 505 . cis lir congellait? Laws i 230.3 . cair cis lir dos-liad . . . ?, Ériu xiii 30.33 . Rarely with pl. -t: cesc citlir topuir, O'Curry 505 ( H 3.18, 257 ). See 2 lir.

(u) c(i)ata: ciata glinni con-daigi?, MU² 65 . cata cuir con-daigi-siu?, 72 . ciata builg itir ón?, RC xiii 66 § 67 . ni fedadar ceta inada . . . no indsechtais, CCath. 776 . Note also: cialín nasluag . . . / . . . ceti arbair, SR 7907 .

B As indef. in a variety of phrases.

(a) cía with noun: cia port i mbai a mathair wherever her mother was, Vita Br. 4 . cía baili i ffod as iatt sin / oidheadha na n-ócc eistidh `whatever place they may sleep' (reading i ffaoíit with note), Leb. Gab.(i) 188.3 .

(b) cía with vb. (conj. and prot.): cia tīasam wherever we go, Thes. ii 299.30 (Hy. i). cia bronntar indi, Críth G. 234 . cia taccra(i) whoever may claim (them), 425 (see 398 n.). cía denar cia therar whatever I do, whatever I say, Ériu i 227.5 . nocha n-érlai asin chathraigh acht cía térnai do rind gai, TTr.² 158 . a n-athair rempu cia thé `where'er he went', Ériu iv 100.2 . In chev. with adverbial force: cia bé however it be, LL 382 , 15039 . cia bia, Rawl. 137a38 . cia de do teacomnacair whichever it happened to be, Blathm. 98 § 25 (see notes). Cf. ciade gl. uter, Sg. 242a1 . ? is derb ní báes cia 't bera, Metr. Dinds. i 36.95 .

(c) cía with indic. of attá: cia bai dia chalmacht . . . bái dia nertmaire however brave he was, TBC-LL¹ 773 . niconibdis bandai cormmai . . . cia bith ara tecmainged dóib `they used not to drink a drop of beer whomsoever they might happen to meet', Mon. Tall. 129.19 . ( Ériu xii 209 ). cipia frisa ferthar tnú whoever shall be an object of envy, Ériu v 211.69 ( Ériu xii 209 ). cía búi de `whatever came of it' (cheville), Metr. Dinds. iii 396.23 . cía baoi dhe .i. gibé dobhi dhe, O'Cl.

(d) cip, cib with noun: cib cenél tra diaro scribad ind epistil to whatever people, Wb. 3b20 . cip port i ndēntar, Cáin Ad. 36 . Usually with cruth however it be, at all events: cipcruth bíid páx libsi etc., Wb. 5d33 . cipcruth tra, 12d24 . ni confetor cib cruth ind aingel fa dia, Blathm. 100 § 31 . See cipindus.

(e) cecip with noun (see Contribb. s.v. cech ): cecip maighean i raegbadh wherever, AFM i 30.3 . cecib tan tiostaois, v 1552.4 . tre bithin gona, no fiabhrasa cecib diobh whichever it was, vi 2024.5 . cecib nech tairisnighes iniort an coimdheadh, 2126.1 . cecip cruth foghabhtais, Hugh Roe² 86.2 . In follg. the use is strictly speaking interrogative: ní feas cecip tucht i tudchaidh, AFM iii 286.3 .

(f) cipsi with noun: cipsi aitt i loich dosfail, Rawl. 127a44 . cepsi cruth, BB 22b13 ( for cip c.¤ , Ériu xii 208 n. ). cipsi cruth `no matter how', Hugh Roe² 290.22 . cipsi mbith dáil for congra, Hard. ii 292.y . airlim n-eicne cipsí whatever it may be, Laws iv 92.z .

(g) cissí: ro geall Sir Persaual di sin cidhsi cor ara fetfad, Grail 1979 . case chruth i mbet, TBC-LL² 348 .

(h) cía bé, cipé, cid bé etc. with noun ( Ériu xii 208 ): cia bé a mmet `however great it may be', Ml. 61b28 . cipé leth tiasam, Thes. ii 299.42 . gidhbe an smólach ní chodhlann `even the thrush does not sleep', Duan. F. i 84.30 . cipe cruth, LU 3870 ( SCC 38 ). cipé rí bes hi Caisiul, ZCP viii 315.27 . ce-b e nech and do-neth . . . , PH 478 . cipé tan bud ríg tusa for Érinn 'whenever', FDG² 11.327​ . cipé a léire baistither in duine however devoutly, Ériu i 218 § 3 . gidh bé neimhdhéine do neinn, Dán Dé xiii 8 . cidh bé dhíobh staid, TSh. 3986 .

(i) cía bé, cipé etc. with verb: ciphéade (sic leg.) asberam `whichever', Ml. 25d11 ( Ériu xii 209 ). cipé da mbad áil etc., MU² 560 . céb é uabsi comallas frimsa hé, LU 9013 ( FB 76 ). atú ar bhaois gidh bé nach fuil, Dán Dé ix 8 . gidh bé ara geall, 16 . cibé labhras, TSh. 1781 . acht gidh bé éistios riomsa, Proverbs i 33 . gidh be ar bith bheanas ría `whosoever', vi 29 . Note also: mairbt[h]eim coich bē a dīe, Corm. Y 419 .

(j) cipé as adv. at all events , etc.: cipé gl. ubilibet, BCr. 31c2 . do gessaib ríg T. . . . / . . . cocad ruind co bráth ce bé `howsoever it be', CRR 54 . fiū cōicait cumal cipē, Fianaig. 50 § 27 . is maith liom a theacht gidhbé, Oss. vi 166.12 . ciphe de, BB 398b6 .

(k) cíabed, bad, beith etc.: ciabed ammet inna fochaide however great, Ml. 39a13 . cia beith a lin na noged however numerous the guests, Vita Br. 7 . ce bad hé frisa ndénte to whomsoever ye should do it (so Ériu xii 210 ), Wb. 9c24 . ciabadh hé richt a mbeith `in whatever shape she might be', Ériu xii 154 § 18 (TE). cebedh si maigen . . . a mbeith `in whatsoever part of Ireland she might be', ibid. cé beth da lánáille, ZCP viii 208.29 (but see Ériu xii 206 ). ge do beith do méit a tindenuis, Mer. Uil.² 146 . ciabadh e, Blathm. 96 § 20 , restored as ciabad de `whichever it be'. cia beith no co bia-so fó mebail whatever happens, LMU 10 .

(l) ciped (see Ériu xii 208 ): ciped techtas nech `whatever it is that anyone has', Wb. 12d41 ( Ériu xii 210 ). gip ed no raditís, TBC-LL¹ 152 . cipead dommaire `whate'er befall me', Ériu ii 90 § 16 . gibedh o ttíosadh whencesoever they shall come, TFrag. 190.16 . ciped mac díb no gabad gasced, TBC-LL¹ 1089 . giped chuin at some time or other, 3338 . ciped laa . . . forsa m-be notlaic mór (cidped, cipe, gebe, cip, MSS.), Ériu ii 208 § 28 . cip ed de at all events, CRR 4 .

(m) cid: cidh urrunnus nodleisead in t-athair `whatever proportion . . . the father is entitled to', Laws iv 60.24 Comm. cidh dergoine daon, O'Dav. 585 = cib dergona daon, O'D. 2199 ( Ériu xii 206 ). cid dusgní whatever he do, BColm. 100.9 . Cf. cidh ead dogneth hEchtair do calma imon Troi whatever brave action . . . , BB 433b24 .

(n) cid cía: cid cía bes inti whoever be in it, BColm. 52.21 . seanfhocal súd solus a chiall / ciodh cia do chum, Ériu xvi 132 § 2 . cidh cia ro chodail and 'san aidhchi sin nochur' chodail Didho, Aen. 873 . cidh cía donī, ZCP x 51.7 . na cionnta gidh cia 'gá mbeid whosoever shall have (i.e. commit) sins, Dán Dé v 13 . ? gidh cia frí senadh atúaidh, Duan. F. ii 166 § 44 . Note further: cia bad cia dia theilcfead (sic) sop, Ériu v 34.8 . cid bé cia thú `whoever thou art', TTebe 4720 . ciped chia díb nomarbtha artús, RC iii 183.8 . gidh créd do íar Aitheirne, IGT Decl. ex. 1377 .

See 2 cía and 3 cía, 1 cóich.

1 cubal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cubal or dil.ie/13387

Forms: cubhal, cumhal, cíallaibh

n (cubail < Lat. cubile, Wortk. 89 ). cubhal (cumal, v.l.) m., IGT Decl. § 11 (53.29) . cumhal (ó thrí cíallaibh ) f., § 12 (61.23) .

(a) apartment, cell, sleeping-chamber : a ccubhail uaignig, Ériu iv 51 § 11 . loighe a c.¤ nochar chlecht (a poet ?), IGT Decl. ex. 349 . ? achd beart chubhuil do c[h]luinsin / fa churaidh an chubhuilsin, ex. 483 .

(b) small boat : cubhul .i. long, O'Curry 510 ( H 3.18, 258.26 ). caem in curach c.¤ Taidg , SG 353.35 . co trichait cuile, co tricha lanamain cach cul (c.¤, v.l.) = ciula, Todd Nenn. 54.12 , 13 and note k. See 1 ciúil. ben le hó gCuind a gcumhail / fer churaigh dhuinn na deghaid, IGT Decl. ex. 556 . ? cubhal (cumhal, v.l.) fa láech Locha in sguir, ex. 498 , cf. M. . . . dol co caislen Locha in Scuir . . . ┐ a mharbhadh . . . ag teacht as a choite, ALC ii 70.9 - 12 . See 2 c.

do-ecmaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-ecmaing or dil.ie/17523

Forms: do-nd-ecmaing, do-n-ecmaiṅg, tecmaiṅg, tecming, décmaing, tecmoing, doecmungat, thecmoṅgat, tecmainged, do-n-ecmai, do-t-eccme, do-ecma, do-m-ecma, nach-an-tecma, tecmai, tecma, dosnecmaither, doecmoised, do-nd-ecmised, thecmaised, tecmoncuir, teccomnocuir, to-nd-echomnuchuir, do-m-chaomnacuir, doecomnacair, do-coemnacair, teccomnacuir, docoemnacair, tegmocair, tecmongur, dorecmacht, dorecmaiṅg, forecmaing, barecmaing, rotecmaing, dorecmaingetar, doeccaim, doeccaimh, doecaiph, teccaim, fristegaim, teaguimh, tecmaid, teagmhuidh, nothecmad, tecmaitis, tecmadh, tegmad, dorécaim, doreccaim, doreagaim, barrecaim, barrecaib, arrecaim, tecēma, tegéma, teigeomha, do-ecmaic, doecmaic, da-ecmaic, do-nn-ecmaic, tecmaicc, tecmaicid, doecmaittsium, tecmang, tecmáil, d-an-ecmaing, tecmongar

v (* to-in-com-icc-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 555 ) Indic. pres. 3 s. do-nd-ecmaing, Ml. 54a7 . do-n-ecmaiṅg, Sg. 40a16 . tecmaiṅg, 9a11 , 29a1 . tecming, 161a1 . décmaing, LL 291b3 . tecmoing, AFM ii 596 , etc. 3 pl. doecmungat, Ml. 63c8 . thecmoṅgat, Sg. 2a10 . Impf. 3 s. tecmainged, Mon. Tall. 129.19 . Subj. pres. 3 s. do-n-ecmai, Mon. Tall. 146.19 . do-t-eccme, 160.10 . do-ecma, Laws iii 252 , ii 114 . cid do-m-ecma , IT iii 63 § 129 . nach-an-tecma, Fél. Jan. 10 . dia tecmai , Laws v 372 . dia tecma , v 166 , etc. ? dosnecmaither, O'Curry 2006 ( H 4.22 32 ). Impf. 3 s. doecmoised, Wb. 5d26 . do-nd-ecmised, Mon. Tall. 143.6 . thecmaised, 133 . Pret. 3 s. (depon.) tecmoncuir, Mon. Tall. 153.19 . teccomnocuir, Wb. 10a4 . to-nd-echomnuchuir (ch = cc), Cambr. 38a ( Thes. ii 247 ). do-m-chaomnacuir, Mon. Tall. 144 . doecomnacair, Trip. 390 . do-coemnacair, BDD 157 . teccomnacuir, Corm. Y 1018 = docoemnacair, Laud 610 . tegmocair, ZCP xiii 262.13 . Pass. pres. s. tecmongur, Mon. Tall. 162.11 . ?pret. s. dorecmacht, LL 273b5 .

Secondary formations. From pres. stem, pret. 3 s. dorecmaiṅg, TBC-LL¹ 2025 , cf. 1292 and Lism. L. 135 ; forecmaing, ib. barecmaing, LL 264b32 . rotecmaing, Lism. L. 175 . 3 pl. dorecmaingetar, IT iii 185 ( BB 260b49 , YBL 181b31 ). From subj. stems. Indic. pres. 3 s. doeccaim, CCath. 4907 , 5005 ( dos-feccaim, 3661 ). doeccaimh, AFM v 1870 , Hugh Roe 294 . doecaiph, Auraic. 4323 . teccaim, BB 435a44 . fristegaim, YBL 167b5 . teaguimh, IGT Introd. § 22 (9.14) . Later tecmaid, mod. teagmhuidh. Imperf. 3 s. nothecmad, LL 168a4 . 3 pl. tecmaitis, CCath. 5730 . Subj. impf. 3 s. ma tecmadh , ZCP viii 111 . da tegmad , BColm. 94 , etc. Perf. 3 s. dorécaim, TBC-LL¹ 116 ( LL 54b36 ), doreccaim, Hugh Roe 192 . doreagaim, MR 178 . barrecaim, CRR 23 , 36 , cf. TBC-LL¹ 4758 . barrecaib, TBC-LL¹ 2897 , 4631 . arrecaim, 2 . Fut. 3 s. tecēma, TBC-LL¹ 1265 , 1285 . tegéma, ZCP viii 213.5 . teigeomha, Proverbs xii 21 . A mod. variant of this stem is teangmh-.

Also do-ecmaic, giving indic. pres. (pret.?) 3 s. doecmaic, RC ix 456 . da-ecmaic, LU 1540 . do-nn-ecmaic, Fél. Dec. 24 . tecmaicc, LL 161a35 . tecmaicid, LB 158a53 . 3 pl. doecmaittsium, Anecd. ii 23 .

Vn. tecmang, tecmáil.

See IGT Verbs § 2 .

I As trans. vb. hits (a mark, etc.), strikes ; this is possibly the original meaning, cf. 2 ecmaing (see 1 ad-cumaing), or may be borrowed from the latter verb: gabais L. cloich . . . ┐ díbaircid dí conda ecmaic tar a luthain struck her, MU² 1049 . ba erchor tecmaicc, Metr. Dinds. iii 108 . conid-ro-marb ┐ décmaing a chend dé, RC xiii 460 .

II Like do-cuirethar, used as impers. vb. with accus. and follg. adverbial phrase or equivalent: d-an-ecmaing he happens to be (in a place, condition, etc.). Later the impers. constr. passes into a personal one, and in cases where the noun is sing. it is often impossible to decide whether it is subj. or obj. of vb.

(a) is menic dondecmaing it is often the case is such, Ml. 54a7 . acht dond-ecmaing a ní-siu gl. fortunae casu, Sg. 137b5 . doecmaic aní sin that may be so, RC ix 456 (do fomaing, v.l.). la dēcsin a chrotha gil | la cach n-ōin is indeithbir, | mina tegma (degma, MS.) . . . cēill n-āith n-airetraim n-imglain unless . . . sense be there (along with beauty), ZCP vi 267 . bid fāilid frim dām(īn]e | cia do-mecma cēt marcach though I should happen to be (accompanied by) a hundred horsemen (cét m. dat. of accompaniment?), IT iii 63 , cf. Bruchst. i § 166 . cingit chorma didiu intan do-n-ecmaic ni hebar deog di when it happens to be at hand (?), LB 9b40 . lom medc-usci ind domnaich ma tecme if it is forthcoming (?), Mon. Tall. 143 . da fítt chert chutrume cid mín cid anmín dondecme whether it happens to be delicate or coarse fare, 161 . conad air[e] nach lamaid daene a tadall acht mines-tegmad troich unless they should be persons doomed to death, Todd Nenn. 210 ( BB 256b49 ). bid na sūili dūnta muna tegmaidh osguilti go haicideach iad, 3 C 19, 72 va 11 . antand do-n-ecmaing aircend praindo when it is the end of a meal, Mon. Tall. 148 . ma teccmai lith laithe if it happen to be a festival day, Laws v 396 . mani teccmai Lugnasad, 406 . mad immalde fris doteccme if thou happen to be beside him, Mon. Tall. 160 . barrecaim Conall ir-remthús resna sluagaib, CRR 36 . is and barrecaib-sium in-airthiur Ái, TBC-LL¹ 2897 . gach cor nochuiredh dhe, nothegmadh frais do dhealgaibh sgiach ann there would be a quantity of thorns in any part of the bush he might move into, BS 22 . acht ma tecmadh secht tengta filed i cinn aenduine though there were seven tongues of poets in one man's head, ZCP viii 111 . ni roleicceadh tathamh . . . dona Spáinneachaibh doeccaimh i Rinn Chorráin who happened to be in R., Hugh Roe 294 (prob. impers.). da tegmad a Carnn ingine Briain he, Lec. 167a note. a n-aón-ionadh ina tteigeobhadh é, Ériu v 100 . isin deidendáil thennta i tecomnaccair a mbiodhbhadha aca in the strait difficulty in which they had their enemies, AFM vi 2280 . isin ccúil chumhaing i teacomhnagair i teannta occa n-esccairdibh, Hugh Roe 148 . Folld. by prep. denoting motion: muna dteagmha chuige catha coimthiugha, ML 134 . na déra dolécet . . . is amlaid hi tecma i n-ucht in Duileman they fall into, Ériu ii 194 (v.l., LB 202b55 ). co ttecomhnacair an ccraoisicch ccruaidhrighin hi tula édain don eoch, Hugh Roe 256 . condaecmaing dar leic a hochta do Ecsi (of a missile), Anecd. ii 54 . is edh dosfeccaim-si, i mmullach a sūlu cli do S. (of an arrow; saiget, f.), CCath. 3661 . a tecmadh isin muir dibh whatever (missiles) fall into the sea, 2014 .

(b) In follg. exx. vb. appears to be in pers. (and hence intrans.) constr.: combad i n-aimsir na nAed . . . no thecmad int anmanna sin this creature lived in the time of, LL 168a4 ( SG ii 480 ). co trascair . . . cach ni teccaim ar a ceann overthrows all before it (of a flood), BB 435a44 . an tan teaguimh .th. a ndiaigh .n. when `th' happens to follow `n', IGT Introd. 9 . feudaidh an sagart eile theagmhas do láthair an tAifrionn do chríochnughadh who happens to be present, Eochairsg. 122 . docoemnacair coirthe cloche fo chossaib Maicc C., BDD 157 (impers.?). gur gemel . . . doreagaim itir cāch dā curaid there was a fetter between each two heroes, MR 178 . cách hi crích a thíre fesin nó hi crích ina tecmai (hi tecma, v.l.) or any (other) territory he may chance to be in, Ériu ii 206 , cf. Anecd. iii 21 . itharna | mad dia tecma i l-lithadba should it perchance be in a feasting-hall, Corm. Y 69 . muna theagmadh lucht a freastail ina focraibh da ḟoiridin had not . . . been near to help him, CF 51 . teccomnacuir Find fecht n-and i Tethbai cona féin ┐ luid for cuairt selgae, Corm. Y 1018 (= tanic, LB). dorecmaingetar maithi fear nErenn ic ól fesi Temrach, IT iii 185 ( BB 260b49 ). intan tecaim in lán mara ac diraim, CCath. 1971 . doreccaimh díreim dia mharcslogh occ sireadh na n-oirer happened to be reconnoitring, Hugh Roe 62 . cidh be aga thegmonn fiabras whoever has a fever, 24 P 22, 183.4 . dá dteagmhadais airm agom if I had arms, MR 278 . co tecmaitis na marcaigh foena fo a cossaib were prostrate, CCath. 5730 . conid tecmaing cucci in fennid cétna, Ériu iv 22 ( LL 106a20 ). mongēnair ecclas . . . gos tecmaig fer grāidh eccnaid, RC xxxviii 346 . in tecmait dochum ifirn? are we going to hell? RC xiv 48 . gébé againn chum a teigémadh macám, SG 302 . tracht i tecaib tond, LL 147a11 (PRIA xix 546). imaseach doecmaitt-sium they come down in turns (of ebb and flow), Anecd. ii 23 . tecema il-laind a scéith will alight (of a missile), TBC-LL¹ 1265 . dia mad me notecmad tair, BB 407a41 . In follg. instances perh. pass.: fecht robaoi tecmongar celdag hi Cluain mac Nóis `there arose a contention', Mon. Tall. 162 . dorecmacht aenach i Taltin lais a fair was held by him, LL 273b5 .

III As intrans. vb.

(a) happens, occurs, takes place (pers. and impers.): ol donecmaing gl. quod accidit, Sg. 40a16 . donaib hí thecmoṅgat gl. de accidentibus, 2a10 . tecmaing amin it happens thus, 29a1 . dia cóicc mbliadhna seasccat . . . tecmoing sin, AFM 917 (ii 596) . riasiu tecma bēt nó pudar, Hy. vi 10 Comm. ( Thes. ii 351 ). mar 'tberad Midir, maith dit, | dia tecma if it come to pass (is done) as M. said, Metr. Dinds. iii 456 . madh ona cūsibh so tecmus an íta if the thirst arise from these causes, 23 P 10, 33a4 . gurob o spasmus . . . tig ┐ teagmaidh se (i.e. grinding the teeth), 3b54 . accidunt . . . morbi .i. tegmaidh a foirimill an cuirp galar, 58.1 . truag, a Dé, do tecgmais it has turned out ill, ACL iii 240 (= do-t-ecgmais?). Folld. by vn. phrase or subord. clause: tecmaing buith briathar huadib-sem it happens that verbs are (derived) from them, Sg. 156a2 . tecmaing a buith hi comsuidigud, 212b9 . doeigemud a mbeth ar in espuc a aenur it might happen that (these grades) were (united) in the bishop, Laws v 54 . mas re deithbiris doecma rucadh sis hi if it were through accidental necessity it was taken down, iii 252 . dia tecma comadh calma do S. inās duitsiu if S. should prove to be braver than you, Ériu v 152 . adubairt go ndeachatar . . . ┐ dia ttegmhadh nach raghdaoiss, Fl. Earls 24 . tecomnacair gur ro iadh nathair nemidhe ina timchell, Leb. Gab.(i) 196 . rotecmaing gur ben mu cheann re cloich, Lism. L. 175 .

With infd. dat. pron. happens to: ced donecmai bás ind if he chance to die for it, Mon. Tall. 146 . náchantecma drochrann, Fél. Jan. 10 . gidh dom thegmadh, ZCP viii 544 . domchaomnacuir airisem hi fothrucud I chanced to stay in the bath, Mon. Tall. 144 . dus in fesad int imned do-sn-eacmaing, RC vi 174.22 (YBL), in n-imniuth do-tocoemnacair, ib. (Eg.). ciped dosnecmad on tráth co araile whatever should befall her, RC viii 150 . is ē beirius a domuine ma dosneacmu, Laws ii 284 Comm. (if it fall to him? but perh. -sn- is here fem. accus. pron. referring to domuine, vb. being impers.; cf. ib. 114 : ma dosnecma dí, i.e. dont ṡáire).

Generally folld. by DO (FRI): foditu chruche . . . am[ail] tondechomnuchuir dundaib abstalaib, Cambr. 38a ( Thes. ii 247 ). amal bid dúib doecmoised as though it had happened to you, Wb. 5d26 . inna fochaide ┐ inna n-ingramman doecmungat dūnni gl. accidentium, Ml. 63c8 . ni do cach brēthir tecming persona not every verb is personal, Sg. 161a1 . tecmaing dond folud hísin gl. qualitatis (i.e. the category of quality is added as determinant to that of mere substance), 30a17 , 18 . maith in cherd gaiscid donecmaic do Choinc[h]ulaind, TBC-I¹ 1699 . go tteacmhann do gach aon dip in fortūn . . . bhus toltanach la Dia, Fl. Earls 180 . budh maith tegmas dí good shall befall her, ZCP i 125 . do innis dóibh . . . gach nidh do theangmhadh dhoibh, ZCP ii 550 . um gach éinchinnemhain notheigēmadh dhóip, Fl. Earls 60 . d'egla go tteigeómhadh a leithéid so do chás dhuinn, Mac Aingil 109 . do thionnsgain sé na neithe do theigéumhadh dhó d'innisin dóibh, Mark x 32 . teicēmaid toirc[h]es duit ┐ bēra dā ingen, ZCP vii 308 . na mna . . . do nach tecmand clann, 23 P 10, 35a60 . ní teagmand clann di, 23 Q 5, 46.38 . mac cleiriuch dia tecmai oen inna cinath-sa who happens to commit one of these sins, Ériu vii 170 . is and barecmaiṅg dóib sin bith ar múr Temra, MU² 362 . da tegmad dam dul ar leth, BColm. 94 . tocaomnacair do Diarmaid ┐ do Blathmac . . . conid eiter a lāmaib rothathamir Cúrui, Mon. Tall. 153 . da tecma don curp allus do teacht de if the body should happen to perspire, 23 P 10, 6a25 . With FRI (RE, LE): urcoid teagmus re bunait na fethedh which occurs to, 23 P 10, 4a16 . cipé tan no tecmudh frit amal dorala do-som, ZCP iv 390 . do digail an anndligid forsin foirind fris tegaim ferg De, YBL 167b5 .

(b) Esp. is or comes in the way of, meets with DO, FRI, AR (FOR). As in the case of do-cuirethar the construction here seems to have been orig. that of a trans. impers. vb., cf. the follg. exx.: cach inad a tecmad clanna Néill dá chéili ┐ Connacht[a] wherever the Clan N. and the men of Connacht met each other, SG 50 . nā tegmad thū do nech inā nech duit, RC xii 348 . cia bith ara tecmainged dóib, Mon. Tall. 129 (do-ecmaing dom ar . . . I meet). doregaimh araill (sic leg.) don gasraidh tul i tul do he encountered a band . . . face to face, Hugh Roe 156 . robeired coscar do na huilib rígaib nothecmad ris, SG 391 . romuigheadh rompa for na sluaghaibh teagmhadh riu, Hy Fiach. 22 .

With personal construction: teit in fer . . . ┐ tecmhaing rón dó he came upon a seal, Lism. L. 1640 . in lucht tiagait tar dorus Dúid amach . . . tecmaicid drochut doib, LB 158a53 . is dóigh leo . . . gurab í an comuirle is ferr tecmus dóib `that the best counsel befalls them', Maund. 21 . aroile ridire . . . tegmaic doib-sen forsan sét, Fl. Earls 134 . tecmaid . . . Muire mór do mnai Jacim, ACL iii 244 . an t-ionnad at-teagmha dhuit ailbhín do thorcaibh, ZCP ii 552 . co rothecaim dó annsin tor he chanced to come to a tower, Lec. 602b24 . iss andsin barrecgaim echlach . . . do Chonchobar, TBC-LL¹ 4758 . doecomnacair dremm do Bretnaib doib, Trip. 390 . doreccaim dhó for a chinn aroile duine, Hugh Roe 192 . dorecmaingetar triar do-sum ag im[decht] na conairi, YBL 176b1 . teichemhaid laech dhuit ar an sligid, Lism. L. 3456 . teccemhaidh occ-laech . . . don ti bherus mo chorp-sa lais, BNnÉ 94 . an céadchrann do theigéamhadh dhó the first tree he should find, Keat. ii 2686 . beannughadh do chrois ┐ don comharsain an tan theigéumhaid dhúinn, Parrth. Anma 17 . secip foradhchnoc . . . i n-a tteicemadh imat snechta ┐ oigridh dó on which he should find a quantity of snow and ice, Fl. Earls 192 . With FRI: tegmaid gilla Bríain . . . re gilla Taidg , ZCP viii 231 . doeccaimh cobhlach na bainrioghna friú, AFM v 1870 . gerbó mor an glenn nothegmadh fris, BS 176 . teigemhad sa friut iar ttriochad bliadhan, BNnÉ 103 . teagmhadh mathghamhuin ré duine let a bear meet a man, Proverbs xvii 12 . dá teagma riut duine maith, O'Gr. Cat. 119 . do ghalaraibh le at-teagmhaidis diseases they might meet with, ZCP ii 550 . With AR (FOR): ní cian dochuaid innte in tan tecmaic ar in ndúil diablaide, SG 290 . na srotha . . . an trat[h] tegmas talam lac soscailti orra when they come to loose soluble soil, Ir. Astr. Tr. 40 . nó cu teagma ort nuimir óir na bliadna-sa until you hit on the golden number, O'Gr. Cat. 303 . nó co teagmad ort an silla atái d'iaraidh, 300 . imthigem in cruindi . . . co tecema forn an maigden till we find the maiden, Grail 3248 . ná cotail . . . dia tegmad drem folaid ort lest an ambush fall upon thee, ZCP vi 272 .

2 fúath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 fúath or dil.ie/24716

n u, m. (late development of 1 úath `horror'). Cf. 1 fúath (u, m.) IGT Decl. § 95 . Hatred, abhorrence. is aire ... dogairthe Uathach di side uair feoil lenam doberthe di co tabraitis na lenaim fuath di, LL 316c48 . tugsad fuath d'ḟailghibh `gave up' Aithd. D. 23.20 . ní thiubhra fuath d'éinní, TSh. 8056 . cion an fhuatha (one of the capital sins), Dán Dé xxxi 38 . diol grádha nó fuatha = an odio an amore dignus sit (cf. Ecclesiastes ix 1 ) TSh. 1155 . spioraid an fhuatha, Párl. na mB. 962 (= s. na fuatha, 3006 ). dúisgidh an f.¤ imreasuin, Proverbs x 12 . With obj. gen.: méad a ḟuatha ag ógbhaidh danar the hatred of the foreigners for him TD 16.47 . ... gé do chuir | a fhuath fá aicme Chellaigh `inspired C.'s race with hatred for [i.e. great discontent with] him' O'Gr. Cat. 365 ( Aithd. D. p. 36 ). f.¤ agallmha dislike of mere talk ZCP ii 349.26 . With DO: coimhéid do dhúthracht do Dia ┐ t'fh.¤ do chách (= odium) TSh. 3536 . a chnuic ..., f.¤ dot oirear im inntinn, Gofraidh Fionn, DDána p. 192 . IS F.¤ LIMM I hate: bá f.¤ le hArt mac C. é, ó romharbh sé dá brathair Airt, Cóir Anm. 167 , Keat. ii 4190 . (See another explanation s.v. 1 fúath). gach ní budh f.¤ lé, TSh. 6511 . grādh Taidg leis nach f.¤ sind who does not hate us (a litotes) ZCP viii 222 § 5 . Cf. lā sīde sin ... la firu Erenn ┐ ni bī neach a ḟuath [ = i bhf.] a chēili and `none is at enmity' Ériu xii 144.29 .

See 1 úath.

? Compds. fuathnél: fuathnell foirtchide a lowering cloud YBL 309b40 ( MR 240 ) (= 1 úath horror, dread ?). ¤redgach o-ā furious: fiadmil fuathréadgach fomórda fairgi, YBL 310b4 ( MR 248 ) (see redg, redgach).

gemel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gemel or dil.ie/25619

Forms: geimheal, -il, -li, -li, gemlecha

n m. and f. geimheal m., IGT Decl. § 53 (n p. -il or -li); f. § 54 (g s. and n p. -li): In pl. also gemlecha.

(a) a gyve, a fetter, a chain: glas no gemel no geibenn no slabrad, Laws i 110.11 Comm. frith cech glas ┐ cech gemel ┐ cech foriata ... oslaicthi, LB 133a6 . tabair gemeal (geimil v.l.) cruaid for cimbid, KMMisc. 270 § 8 . Ériu iii 14 § 7 . gemel ... glasiaraind, MR 178.12 . nír cuireadh gíall a ngeimhil, IGT Decl. ex. 1376 . LL 141b3 . mar bhráighid bhíos i ngeimhil, Dán Dé xv 17 . cin scáiliud glais nó gemli, Ériu ii 200.10 . pl. noco maith geill cen geimhle, LL 146b35 = PRIA iii 542 § 17 . mar do beitís gemla iairn ... fái, SG 243.24 . dothoitedur na geimlecha ... de, ZCP vi 287.10 . glais no geimlecha itir cach dá n-ánraid, MR 176.4 , 24 . d'folach ... na saer-geimlech, MR 178.1 . tucait iat hi ṅgémlib cus-in rig, PH 982 . Ériu x 80 § 43 . as bhar n-geimlechaib ... glas-iaraind, MR 178.4 . dochuirsiot a nglais ┐ a ngeimhle díobh, AFM vi 1992.3 . Often captivity: rochuinig Colman ... Maelodrán a geimhel dó asked for M.'s release, BColm. 68.13 . E ... do gabail do Donncadh ┐ a lecan a gemil do arís, RC xviii 196.x ; ib. 15.24 . do éludh a geimheal, AFM iii 134.7 . iatt i ngeimhlibh isin Mumhain, ii 950.16 . With subj. gen.: i ngeimel Taidg , ZCP viii 225 § 42 . i ngeimiul Néill, xiv 258.10 . Fig. ... co mēt teimil truim | mo dā rosc i ngeimil (ngeimel MS) grinn, ZCP vi 263 § 8 . cuirfead do chos a ngeimhiol isna liontuibh, Luc. Fid. 344.4 . a ngeibhlibh an pheacaidh, 241.4 . an ré 'san ghrian i ngeimheal, TD 21.40 .

(b) In specific sense of chain : batar ... geimli asin ær sin, slatine argait 'arna fighe ... asna geimlibh sin, Aisl. Tond. 117 § 2.

(c) Transferred of captives, hostages (by poetic licence) : Ní dúal cairde ar creich ngeimhil, Ériu ix 162 § 1 . do-ghénsa ... chreich ngeimhle, 163 § 3 . fine Néill na náoi ngeimiol, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 18 § 27 ; Cf. TD 8.8 .

Compd. ¤trom, IGT Decl. ex. 536.

graifnech, grafnach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. graifnech, grafnach or dil.ie/26485
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: Graiphnech

adj (grafand) o,ā fond of horse-racing ; as a noun a rider : graiphnech Cruachan, ZCP xii 234.9 . ba graiffnech ar Femen-maig, Metr. Dinds. iii 202.32 . gid gāeth, gid grinn, gid graifnech, | in lāech cid finn, cidh feithmech, ZCP vii 299.1 . ech ... Taidg ghil ghraifnig, O'Gr. Cat. 488.13. a ua Duach Galaig grafnaig (: tarthaig) 'o descendant of Duí Galach who was given to horse-racing' Celtica xix 46 § 28 . As npr m. Graiphnech, AU i 194.2 .

immad, immaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. immad, immaid or dil.ie/27649
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: imadh, imaidh, imtha, iomaidh, iomtha

(?<imbuith vn. of imm-tá) m. and f. imadh g s. imaidh, imtha m. IGT Decl. § 49. iomaidh g s. iomtha f., ib. § 189.

the act of contending ; envy, jealousy, rivalry, strife: iomadh ┐ iomaidh .i. tnúth, lucht iomtha .i. lucht tnútha, O'Cl. buidhen choisge einfhir iomtha `a company to bridle any one at all that seeks to rival them,' O'Gr. Cat. 510.10. tech n-imtha do sechna, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912, xxv 489.5 (obscure; ? leg. ce tech nimthā do ṡechna, Éigse xiii 96 § 5 ). ní fuil d'écsib Innsi Fáil | fear imtha ac áibill tSoláin `the spark of Solán does not possess an opponent amongst the bards of Innisfáil' Ériu iv 220 § 30. Niall Ó Néill is fear fromhtha | is léir ar a fhear n-iomtha `Niall O Néill is a proved warrior—this is shown by the state of his foe,' Aithd. D. 15.16 . an daonnacht ... gan uabhar gan iomaidh, Ó Bruad. ii 178.10 . sluagh Luighne, nár loc iomuidh (: Gaileanguigh) `who never shrank from combat,' TD 32.24 . mh'fhoghlaidh agus mh'aingeal | fan anmain ag iomadh, Dán Dé viii 8. rosaí mar na lilí ... ag iomadh fá bhórd a béil, ITS xvii 233.1 . ? To this : ben imtha gl. pellex, Sg. 68b9 . atconnuic dano a ben imtha-si aislingi `her serving-woman,' Lism. L. 799. ? re hingin Taidg in taibh gil | ader os damh is aithnidh | do bean imtha a bean beartha | ní fhindfa hfear einleaptha, 23 E 29, fo. 121b9 .

mocol

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mocol or dil.ie/32426

Forms: mogal, mogall

n o, m., (Lat. macula, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 193 ) mogal, mogall, IGT Dec. § 17.22 .

(a) a mesh, network, web . This may be the sense in O.Ir.: mocoll lín, Sg. 63a12 = mocol, PCr. 28b ( Thes. ii 226.35 ), gl. subtel `the hollow of the foot', by glossator prob. confounded with tela. dolluid in curach . . . trena mocoll ind lín, RC x 60.12 ( LU 1928 ). for a mormocoll in lína, Anecd. i 67 § 150. mogall don lín, RC xiv 44 § 51. co tarla brattan cach tres moccuil isin lin in every third mesh, Moling § 23. bratan cach mucail, ib. brattán . . . íarna gabháil i llíon aenmhogail a net of one web, BNnÉ 16 § 25.

(b) a globe, sphere, round mass: ? mocoil ┐ fithisi óir im cach ndual dia fult, Tochm. Becfola (R.I.A. Ir. MSS. Ser. i 176.22 , transld. `bunches and weavings of gold'; allusion may be to spherical ornaments attached to plaits of hair). Of the eyeball: mocol-ṡúli móra oengela (i.e. goggle eyes?), LL 267a33 = MU 34.34 . ré mogal a ṡúl the apple of his eye, Zechariach ii 8 . Cf. also: a mugaill do bheith pallida (= genae pallent), R.I.A. 23 K 2, 190.17 (= cheeks?).

(c) a husk (of corn), shell (of fruit), pod, etc. gort fán mongbuidi moguill where the grain is yellow and bearded (?), Hy Fiach. 280.14 . maethbárr mela ar a moglaib, 184.12 . co ndrucht meala ar gach mogoll, Top. Poems 132.12 . ón scellán gonuige an mogall from the kernel to the husk, Numbers vi 4. a tobuir . . . moguil folma a n-imdada `empty husks were the beds of their streams', Ériu iv 222.28 . Fig. dá mac Taidg . . . dá craíb aonmhogaill two branches springing from the same seed-pod, O'Gr. Cat. 360.28.

(d) a globular mass or cluster (of fruit, nuts, etc.): cnu beo mogail ar muini, ACL iii 246.6 . do thuit frasa mora do chnoibh asa mogallaibh, BNnÉ 14 n. 21 . In poetry often fig.: cnú mullaigh do mogal ríogh of a cluster of kings (a royal stock), ZCP ii 341.20 . ar sáir-shliocht mhogail Mhíleadh, Keat. Poems 38. cnú dá mogal mé a nut of her cluster, PBocht 20 § 3 . a gcnú mhoguil (i.e. their darling), O'Rah. xiv 38. táinic díth in trommoguil (of the death of a chief), Caithr. Thoirdh. 4.15 .

(e) a compact body of persons, troop, band: mogal marcslóigh, AFM vi 2034.24 . an mogall do chrunnsluagh, v 1626 x . go nglan-mhogal gallóclach, 1670.1 .

molad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. molad or dil.ie/32490
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: molad, molath, molto, molta, moltai, mmoltu, molthu, molta, moltae

n u, m., vn. of molaid. n s. in molad , Wb. 8d22 . molath, Sg. 59b4 . g s. in molto , Ml. 126b18 . molta, 145c2 . n p. moltai, 115 b 4 . a p. tris na mmoltu , 115b2 . molthu (.i. molada T, .i. molta F), Hy. vi 17. LL 132b14 . g p. inna moltae , Ml. 122b9 .

(a) the act of praising; praise: gl. laudare, Ml. 53b13 , Sg. 59b4 ; psallere, Ml. 24a3 . moladh, gl. adulatio, Ir. Gl. 902. in m.¤ doínde human praise, Wb. 8d22 . m.¤ Dǽ, Ml. 24a4 . m.¤ Pátric, Fél. Nov. 27. fer certa fri m.¤ ┐ aír, Laws i 18.8 . dúan molta, LU 327. ind m.¤ ┐ ind nemeli no ferfad frisind rig, Mon. Tall. § 1. Cet mac Matach ria molod | ro la in cloich for Conchobar to win praise (?), LL 48b20 . bás meic Loeguire Lugdach | cen moltho thall na sund de | de forchu thrum thentide winning thereby praises neither in the world to come nor this world (?), 132b14 = gan molbhtha, AFM i 164.4 . íodhbhartha an mholta, Psalms cxvi 17. molta Dé the praises of God, TSh. 10264.

(b) a song of praise; a panegyric: gl. hymnus, Ml. 55b14 , 83b9 ; psalmus, 122b9 ; carmen, 115b4 . asbert Sechnall fri Pátraic: Ciachiuin dogen-sa molud duitsi?, Trip. 242.14 . ro fiarfaigh cach do Dallan . . . an raibe moladh aicce do C.C., BCC § 336. gonadh `amhra' ainm an molta, ib. doroine [David] tri coícait molta do Dia, PH 1092. canfa mé molta, 2 Samuel xxii 50.

(c) approbation, approval; decision, fiat (late): m.¤ druadh, Irish Texts ii 66 § 25. do mholadh hÍ Neill according to the decision of, ALC ii 242.26 . molumh [= moladh] Taidg I Ceallaigh ` adjudication ', Hy Maine 161.23 . This is possibly the orig. sense of the phrase: do m.¤ na hEclaise (= fortified by the rites of the Church): do lesaidh C.C. Becc do m.¤ na heclaisi, BCC § 129 (128.5) , cf. p. 106.22 . fuair bas do moladh De ┐ na heguilsi, Fl. Earls 238.24 .

(d) gramm. an adjective: ar mholadh ┐ ar fhocal, IGT Introd. § 19. re hucht . . . molta ┐ bfocuil, § 16.

scáinid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scáinid or dil.ie/36279

v bursts, cleaves, parts. Trans.: maircc a haithle in ḟleachaid láin | do sgáin Eachaid ┐ Aedh woe to him who severed, ACL iii 305.5 . nachar sgáin fearg Fh. iad `and thus stopped F.'s anger from destroying them', Studies 1948, 319 § 20 . Intrans.: scainfid rompa in cath cernach | clanda Taidg fá Th. will scatter before them, Caithr. Thoirdh. 101.35 . do scáin in comla 'na cend `the door burst in', Ériu iv 118.3 . sluagh tré n-a sgaoilid nár sgáin, Irish Texts iv 53 § 32 . Part. na hóig ón mBántsrath scáinte i gcoigcríochaibh dispersed, Keat. Poems 48 . Vn. dobeir scailid ┐ scainid forro du gach leith scatters and disperses them, BB 433b39 . an torann . . . do-rinne an charraic air sgáineadh ó chéile dhi, Dhá Sgéal Art. 1222 .

sním

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sním or dil.ie/38167
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: -a

[u, m.] vn. of sníïd. Cf. don rat fri snim saethraich séis, SR 1319 , where, however, the adj. may qualify séis. m., g s. -a, IGT Decl. § 95 (127.8) . Verbs § 37 .

I Act of twisting, bending, shaping .

(a) act of spinning : iar na thoirithniugad di o laim da snim `in spinning', Laws ii 372.19 Comm . fertas snīmae a distaff, O'Mulc. 524 . sním casil, Mart. Tall. 104.21 = ic figi chasil, Mart. Tall. 19 . augtair . . . na elathan . . . ic s.¤ a seólbratt weaving (?), LL 219a5 ( TTr. 138 ). bean ag snim an tsnaithi, TTebe 1322 . é ag sníomh choigíle, TSh. 5482 . cuiridh sí a lámha air an maide sníomha `spindle', Proverbs xxxi 19 . In humorous n.pr.: Tap ingen tSnima, Anecd. ii 56.3 . Fig.: na tri Parci ifernaide bite icc snim saeguil gac[h] aen duinne isin domun, CCath. 4180 .

(b) Of shaping withes, sticks, etc. (usually in proverbs): fer og snim ghaid, IT iii 36 n. 7 . ní fhulaing seanshlat a snímh an old rod cannot be bent, IGT Decl. ex. 656 . áiseach slat ó a sníomh `pliable is a sapling by being twisted', PBocht 5.55 . Cf. slat doishníomha an duine man is an unbending rod (i.e. intractable, unrepentant), IGT Decl. ex. 1699 . Perh. n. loc. in: re snim slat, BB 23a4 .

(c) Various applications. Of filigree work in gold: bretnas banbras . . . | d'arged amra | cona ecor dé ór fo shnim | gním as cadlu, Anecd. i 61 § 91 . do adaimh sníomh na nedh nóir | an fedh do chóidh ó chígh cuain the working of golden necklets (?), Rel. Celt. ii 226.3 . coro lád snim tenn . . . i mbarr uachtair na fidhbuidhe so that the top of the wood was twisted tightly together, CCath. 668 . go nár fhágaibh an ainbhthine . . . slat gan sníomh `a yard untwisted', ML 48.18 . ag sníomh tairngeadh `driving . . . nails' (i.e. in horseshoes), TD 6.9 (see Notes). a folt hi snim dar a aiss his hair plaited behind, Rawl. 81a45 ( Otia ii 87 ). fri s.¤ snúad in blending of colours, Metr. Dinds. iv 92.19 . Cf. sniomhsnúa .i. snamh srothann, O'Cl. ní fann in feidm ríog | sníom im gach crann cruaid to twist round every tree (of woodbine), SG 245.17 . Of poems: iomdha drécht . . . | da shníomh le mac súadh, L. Cl. A. B. 249.11 . ag sniomh a glac wringing his hands, 23 G 24, 391.23 . dóid-chleatha . . . is tréithe sníomh hands . . . most gently moulded, Keat. Poems 102 . ar bruach an t-srotha ro bhá ag sníomh tre lár an t-sléibhe which wound its way, Oss. iii 96.26 .

(d) In bardic verse freq. in sense of twisting or wrenching (perh. twirling or brandishing) weapons, hence fighting, doing battle: ar sníomh a airm d'fheirg Murchaidh | maidhm san leirg ar Lochlannchaibh when M.'s anger made him ply his weapons, DDána 85.25 . le sníomh goirmreann, 110.10 . sníomh do dhornchla i ngurt ghábhaidh `the labour of thy sword hilt', TD 10.29 . días fa sénamla ag snim crann (of two chiefs), Irish Texts ii 32 § 10 . go sníomh dornchar, go dáil crann, L. Cl. A. B. 239.66 . adeir in rí teile an túagh | crúadh a shleighi isí ar na s.¤ , IGT Decl. ex. 1084 (or to (b) ?). nī raibhe ag rīg . . . | muinnter mar muintir mo rīg | Taidg ūi Cheallaigh re snīomh slegh, ZCP viii 224 § 35 .

II Trouble, care, grief, anxiety .

(a) sniomh .i. tuirsi, O'Cl. s.¤ gl. cura, Ml. 89b7 . nísé snim fil forn `this is not what distresses us', Trip. 10.15 ( Trip.² 117 ). s.¤ lobrae, Fél. Prol. 223 . farith asin tsh.¤-sa | in pauperán, Ep. 407 . ar med a shnima, Sc.M² 3 (R) . hi sir-galur ┐ hi sírshnim, IT i 121.18 ( TE 7 Eg.). dia lem fri cech snīomh, Ériu iv 236.1 . saire cen sáethar cen sh.¤ , LU 2470 . ba s.¤ fri sáethar in sel it was a time of grievous labour, Metr. Dinds. iii 378.7 . comad lugaiti snim na saersluag re saethar ind imrama might be the less distressed by the labour of rowing, TTebe 1947 . cidh mor saet[h]or sin dano as dingmala do degmhnai mar tusa a snim do tabairt fris to devote her care to it, CCath. 4058 . is fair boi s.¤ lá dethitiu na n-uli n-eclaise, PH 1663 . turcbhaid | in s.¤ nítha `die Sorge um den Kampf', TBC-LL¹ 5796 . snim ┐ sirimradud an chatha . . . ar a menmain, TTebe 4329 . sníom cogaidh nó ceilge anxiety at the thought of war or treachery, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 15 § 7 . atbath cen nach snimh, Lism. L. 3689 . fer . . . | ar nach gcuirenn snīom slap[h]raid a man untrammelled by care, ML² 820 . ní aithrigh síon séis mbuinne | nach sníomh dot éis oruinne `without bringing anguish upon me', Studies 1921, 75 § 14 . sníomh intinne, L. Cl. A. B. 211.14 . a Chaitir fhíona . . . | nar mhór sníomha san saoghal `who didst care so little for', PBocht 14.30 .

(b) In phrases with verbs: don rat fri snim has brought us into sorrow, SR 1319 . na tabrad a snímh sibsi sin `let not that trouble you', RC xiv 54.18 . na tabrad t'aicned i s.¤ , YBL 314a25 . nat-cuired i snim ni bus mó, Fél. 56.8 . nior chuir sinn i sníomh go se | th'éara-sa, Dán Dé xxv 14 . ní sin . . . | . . . romla a snim which has grieved me, Irish Texts i 60.44 . na dena snim don melladh tugadh fort, Aen. 1189 . 'ar cur shnima in catha dibh `having put from them the anxiety of battle', CCath. 2259 . fer ro lá sníomh . . . an tsaoghail de, AFM vi 2220.2 . ba s.¤ ri cuane Chnuic Breg | éc ríg T., MacCarthy 190 § 3 . bid s.¤ leisna dáini do fhulaṅg-su, Ériu iv 142 § 19 . sníomh liom-sa th'Aonmhac `I lament thy son', Dán Dé xxvi 37 .

(c) As vn. caitte don tí da dtiocfa | a sníomh le srían n-oirbhiorta it must be subdued with the bridle of action (prosperity compared to a steed), L. Cl. A. B. 172.10 . sniom a neinigh ni hiongnadh, Rel. Celt. ii 266.12 . fuidheall áir . . . | 'gá sníomh ó chróluighe a gcneadh tortured by their wounds, Measgra D. 54.7 . atáid croidhe sonn gá sníomh | le trom n-oire gach airdríogh `straining', Studies 1921, 75 § 12 . teisd mar sin ag sníomh oram, expld. by Ed. as: ag breith greama orm impressing itself on me (?), DDána 85.11 . gin go mbé an saoghal da sníomh though the world is untroubled, L. Cl. A. B. 211.11 . 'san saoghal dár sníomh `while the world afflicts me', PBocht 5.51 .

Compds. ? dála sníomholla (second element oll? olann?), DDána 83.8 . ¤thoirse: claochládh sníomhthoirsi relieving of anxious sorrow, L. Cl. A. B. 149.106 .

taebach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. taebach or dil.ie/39455

adj o, ā (taeb).

(a) sided, having (many) sides: a huillib talman toebaig, SR 8090 . rig Temra toebaige, LL 132b6 . nirbo thráig a tor tóebach, Metr. Dinds. i 28.9 . Tailltiu t.¤ , RC xlvii 292.6 . Cf. also: lamh laifeas odba | i tir Tomhair toghaigh taebhaigh, IT iii 87.12 .

(b) Of persons: is truagh an tí is annsa liom san bhioth ... nach taobhach leis mé `trusts me not,' Keat. iii 2104 . ingen Taidg tarudha taoudha[ig] (taebdaigh ?, taebhaidh v.l.), Anecd. ii 69.13 .

teglach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. teglach or dil.ie/40338

Forms: techlach, t., teaghlaigi, dteaghloigheadh, —aigh, —aighe, teaglaigh

n o, n. (tech) techlach, IT i 145.5 . a t.¤ n-uli, LU 8726 ( FB 54 ). n p. teaghlaigi, CF 29 . g p. na sé dteaghloigheadh , Studies 1932, 140 § 5 . m., g s. —aigh, n a p. —aighe, IGT Decl. § 55.

I

(a) inmates of a house, household, family, following : óis teglig `folk of (His) family,' Wb. 7b13 . a buith isin teglugsin .i. mortuorum `in that household,' 21a11 . ri doraiga t.¤ ṅdil | ... | dá fer dec do apstalaib, SR 7581 . t.¤ mo trebi, Mon. Tall. 131.17 . t.¤ n-Ailella ┐ muinter in Dagdai, Aisl. Óeng. 58.12 . bid mó bas loscud don tig oldás bas suillse don tegluch, LU 9198 ( FB 92 ). dís i tteghlach thighe, Ériu xiii 52.5 . coíca mac ríg rop é lín a teglaich, TBFr. 8 . teaghlach Póil, Dán Dé xxvi 54 . ní raibh do theaghlach na thig | acht madh uathadh dia éigsibh, Content. xxviii 12 . Note also : la teghlach na crichi sin `the populace of that country,' Stair Erc. 837.

(b) In g s. as attrib. : pertaining to the household, domestic : aide teaglaigh household fosterfather, Anecd. ii 77.2 . is í a lorg theglaig fail úasa household baton (for keeping order), BDD² 800 ( dubchrand már húasae, 794 ). rechtaire teglaig Conaire domestic steward, LU 7184.

(c) Of heaven and hell: tuarasgbháil teaghlaigh nimhe, DDána 37.28 . ? Cf. Saorṡlat na sé dteaghloigheadh (of Christ), Studies 1932, 140 § 5 . teaghlach tighe Lúisifir, DDána 5.11 .

II household troops, following, supporters, army : ár atú-sa sund mo saint.¤ díb tríchtaib cét, LU 4639 (TBC). na socraide linmára ┐ na teaghlaigi taibsemacha sin, CF 29 . do t[h]acradar na teglaig sin ... rē chēili, ML² 221 . nir threicseat t.¤ a thurrachta C. `the attendants of C. in this sally,' MR 248.28 . slogh ┐ teghlach, Stair Erc. 984 . teaghlach rígh Eireann, ML 16.3 . Hence also retinue, train (of a king, etc. on a journey) : ceitri barca lin a teaglaigh | lodar tar muir, BB 19b22 . líon tecchlaigh Fergail | go port Maodhócc, BNnÉ 287.23 .

In n.pr. : im H. Taidg an Teglaigh, CS 332.8 = AFM iii 240.15 . Note also T.¤ Fallasar =Tiglath Pilesar, LL 144a22 ( Wortk. 150 ).

testach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. testach or dil.ie/40611

adj o, ā (teist) witnessing (?) ; famous, renowned: an sláb sáer-th.¤ `witness of noble deeds,' Metr. Dinds. iv 254.38 . oirrigh buainteasdach, Top. Poems 70.7 . dála Taidg ... degmeic chiantestaig Ch., Caithr. Thoirdh. 3.2 .

1 tírech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tírech or dil.ie/40953

adj o, ā (1 tír) possessed of lands, wide-ruling: Muiredhaigh tréin tírigh, Ériu v 86.6 . Mael [S]eachlaind mac Taidg tíri[g], ZCP viii 226 § 14 . Muirethach T.¤ ... bá ... ag gabail tíre ar eigin ... is de bá tírthech, Cóir Anm. 116 . fer trén t.¤ , Todd Nenn. 242.2 . fer ... diarmbu lan Temair thirech (: Mīled), AU i 394.13 . trebsat Temair tírig, LL 21a30 . Muileach is Īleach ar-áon | tíreach muirech an mácaomh, IGT Decl. ex. 1169 . do bhí sé múrach túrach tíreach, Hackett xxxix 160 . ? badh buidach gurba tírach (airech v.l.), Anecd. iii 13.15 . ? uisci trom tirech, Lism. L. 2127.