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attá

Cite this: eDIL s.v. attá or dil.ie/4927
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: attá, Fil, fil, faeilfit, fil, fil, atóo, attó, attóo, ató, -táu, -ttóo, -tó, atái, atái, -tái, adta, ata, at, atáa, attáa, ataa, att, -tá, -ta, -táa, -dathar, ataam, attaam, ataid, ataaith, ataaid, ataad, -taid, ataat, ataat, -tat, -taat, tathum, tathut, táithi, táthus, táthunn, taithiunn, tathuib, tás, fil, fil, feil, fel, fail, fil, file, fel, fele, feil, fail, biuu, -bíu, -bí, biith, biid, bíid, -bii, -bí, robīi, -rubi, -rubai, -ruba, bíis, biís, bis, bís, bithir, bither, -bither, -rubthar, bímmi, -biam, bimme, biit, bíit, robiat, -biat, -bíat, -rubat, bíte, -bíinn, -biinn, -bíid, -bíth, -bid, -bith, bithe, -bímmis, -bitis, -bítis, b, bíth, bíith, bíid, biid, bíd, bithom, biid, bith, biat, beo, beu, -béo, bee, b, -bee, robhe, beith, beid, bed, beth, -b, -bée, bethum-sa, rob, robe, rubé, rob, robbé, -roib, bess, bes, bethir, bether, -bether, bemmi, beimmi, -bem, -robam, beithe, bethe, -beith, -beid, -robith, beit, rubet, be(i)t, -bet, -robat, bete, -beind, -beinn, -betha, nobed, nobeth, -bed, -beth, -robad, -rabad, -bethe, -bemmis, -beimmis, -bemis, -bethe, -betis, -[ro]ibtis, bia, bie, bieid, bied, -bia, -bia, -bia, -bía, bethiumm, bethib, bias, bies, beithir, -bether, bemmi, beimmi, -biam, -piam, bethe, bethi, -bied, -bieid, biet, bieit, biet, -biat, -bíet, bete, beite, nombeinn, nobiad, -bíad, nobemmis, nobetis, b, -bá, bói, bái, -bói, boie, boithius, boíthi, baísu, both(a)e, botha, -both(a), bamar, bámar, -baid, bātir, -batar, batar, rob, -roba, -raba, rob, robói, rambái, robui, -robae, -robe, -rabae, romboth, rombod, -rabad, robámmar, -robammar, rubaid, -robaid, robatar, robbátar, -rabatar, -robatar, -rabtar, buith, buithi, atáu, atú, itu, it, atú, ataim, -t, -tái, -toi, taoi, -t, atá, attá, ata, at, atáthar, dáthar, atass, -das, itám, tám, ataum, ataim, atamaoit, atámaoid, atám, -taum, -dtám, atathai, atathi, atáithi, -táithi, -dathai, -taidh, itāt, atáit, ataut, táid, -táit, itat, atat, fil, -fhile, -fhuile, -fuili, -ḟoili, -ḟuile, fail, fail, fuil, -fail, -fuil, -uil, -ḟil, -ḟuil, -ḟoil, fil, fail, fail, filter, -fuiltear, fuilemm, -failmet, -ḟuilmíd, -ḟuilmíd, -ḟoilmíd, -ḟuileam, -ḟoileam, -bhḟuilti, failet, filet, fuilet, -failet, -filet, -fileat, -fuilet, -fuilid, failet, failet, fuilet, filet, bim, bím, -bím, -ruibim, -bi, bíd, bíd, -bí, -bíonn, -bind, bídh, -b, bither, -bithar, bímit, bídmaid, bímíd, -bímíd, -bíom, bíth, bīd, -bíat, -bít, -bíd, bit, bít, bhínn, nobīth, robíth, bhíodh, bhíoth, bithi, -bithi, bithea, naboitis, nobīdis, beitis, bitis, bhítís, bhídís, bír, b, bīdh, bíodh, bíoth, bíom, bíthe, bídh, bidhí, bíod, ber, uér, beor, bheith, bur, -rabor, -rabhus, rabasa, bear, rabhar, -bear, -rabhar, bé, beir, -rab(a)i, -rabha, -rabhair, -mbéis, -beis(se), -rabais, beis, rabais, -beis, -rabais, beth, -b, -raib, -rab, -raibhe, rabh, raibh, -bé, -raibh, -rabh, bess, beas, bethur, beme, bemmit, bemait, -bém, -beam, -ruibem, -rabum, bheam, rabham, bethi, rabthai, beit, -bet, -beat, -rabat, -rabut, -rabhait, -rabhaid, -rabheid, beinn, rabainn, beithi, beithe, bethe, beitheá, beith, nobith, mbeadh, -mbeath, -rabad, -bethe, -bette, rabtha, mbiadh, nobeitis, nobeidis, mbeith, bíat, biat, biad, bhead, bed, bét, bett, -biu, -bhiú, biad, -bi, bía, biae, biaidh, bía, -bía, bethair, bied, biaid, biáid, -bia, bíes, bés, bes, bess, bhias, biass, beither, beithir, bemit, bemait, -bem(ni, beimíd, -biam, -biaim(ne), -ben, bethi, beitte, bete, -bed, biait, biat, beit, beiti, beti, betit, beidid, -bīat, beidíd, beid, -bíad, no-béind, dobeind, do beinn, -beinn, bheitheá, biadh, -bied, bífad, rot-fiadh, biath, bhiadh, bethe, bheidīs, ro-bádus, bhádhus, bhí, -rabus, -rabhas, -rabadhus, bá, -raba, bádhus, -rabadhas, basa, bhádhuis, bhí, -rabadais, -rabhais, bhádhuis, -rabhadhuis, bae, bóe, baei, búi, -bae, -buí, robai, robae, robói, bí, robuidh, bí, bhói, bhaoi, -rubai, -roibe, -roibi, -roba, -raba, -raibhe, -rabha, -robha, bí, -raibi, baí, -rabha, -rabhustair, boí, bāi, būi, bae, buí, baí, boí, both, rombatha, robās, rombas, robás, -rabus, rabas, -bádus, -bás, bás, bas, -rabas, bas, bhás, bāmur, bámar, bhámair, -rabamar, robabair, -babhair, robadbair, bhábhair, -rabhuir, -rabhabhair, bādar, -bátir, badar, bádar, bídur, -rabadar, -rabhadair, baisit, -rabhsad, bátar, bátar, bheith, beitte

(ad-tá) subst. vb. is . The distinction betw. subst. vb. and copula is in the first place syntactical, and cases are found where there is no distinction of form. Cf. the type, common in ACC: boe sab he was a leader, ACC 26 . See further below, and the discussion by Bergin, Ériu xii 208 - 211 (cia taísiu, cia bé, etc.), who refers to cases like: is uera pictura ro bai sin, Thes. ii 6.32 as emphatic. See also Ériu xvi 46 , GOI 475 . For nimtha laám, Wb. 12a21 , nímptha fírion, 8d24 (copula ?) see GOI 487 . Note also the form of the pron. in (later): matait tall iat, Laws iv 86.8 Comm. , atá ar conair é, ACL iii 216.z . bí N. eices cecinit, RC xvii 175.14 is perh. a mistake. In follg. use of subst. vb. perh. due to infl. of Latin: mar nobéind athair doib = pater eram pauperum, PH 6107 . ata in innsci ordugud etc. = oratio est. . ., Auraic. 591 .

Apart from the ordinary indic. pres. all forms of subst. vb. are from a root beginning with b-. In indic. pres. the stem tá (in absol. position attá) is used in non-rel. sentences without conj. particle, after conj. particles with inf. pron. dat. and when the conj. particle consists of a preposition and rel. (s)a n-. Absolute inflexion of tá- is found in oldaas, indaas, etc. than (is), in meaning is angry, and with follg. suff. pron. The uninflected form fil (with accus.) is used after conj. particles where no dat. inf. pron. is present, in leniting rel. clauses and often in answers to questions containing subst. vb., and in archaic texts in absol. position in meaning there is . For fuller details see GOI 476 - 483 and exx. below. See also Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 419 ff. , Strachan, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1899, 1 - 82 , Ó Máille, Ériu vi 1 ff. , Études Celt. xxxiv 143-44 . Forms of gaibid, do-coissin, díchsnigidir and 1 ad-cumaing also have the force of the subst. vb. in certain uses, see separate entries.

Note further that attá is usual after hóre (see Wb. 19a19 , 22d14 and compare GOI § 781 ) and occurs later after amal ( LU 7072 , Laws iii 90.18 ). Fil is somet. found in sense there is in mid. Ir.: fail crois d'ór in cach dorus, SR 361 . TBC-I¹ 2561 . Note also: fil derg it is red, Marco P. 173 .

The use of accus. after fil continues into the classical period, see IGT Introd. § 129 , Bard. Synt. Tr. 92 - 93 . A few exx. of forms other than fil with accus. occur: ni raibi deilb, TTr.² 1664 , ní raibi . . . mhnái, 370 , ní bhiadh mnaoi, Ó Bruad. ii 252.z (with assonance). Note also with inf. pron. rosṁbai inna tass, SR 5107 . ? nim tha maith . . . do chath fri firu, LU 3343 ( SCC 13 ). From the mid. Ir. period on fil takes personal endings except in 3 s., and occurs occasionally as an independent verb: faeilfit (fut. 3 pl. absol.), Caithr. Thoirdh. 120.26 . In rel. function attá is found side by side with fil from an early period: is heiside attá hi S., Trip.² 534 , a lucht atá istig, RC vii 298.131 , the form fil finally disappearing in this use.

In mid. Ir. fil occurs for earlier -tá with dat. inf. pron.: nichar fail tlacht , SR 1560 , ni-s-fil biad, PH 1310 . Also in rel. clause after prep.: bale hi fail, LU 7516 , fors fil, Imr. Brain 43 (see also Strachan, Stories fr. Táin 3rd ed. p. 1 note).

The consuet. pres. 1 s. conj. -bíu has in classical Ir. the force of a future: biad ní biú, IGT Verbs § 7 , see also TBC-LL¹ 882 , Acall. 6179 , Duan. F. i 43.4 .

Early forms (for fuller lists see Strachan loc. cit.). Indic. pres. 1 s. atóo, Wb. 12a21 . attó, 21c19 . attóo, 26d8 . ató, 26d17 . -táu, 32a10 , -ttóo, 17d24 , -tó, Ml. 92b8 . 2 s. atái, Wb. 5b27 . atái, Ml. 110d15 (sic MS, see Ériu xiv 30 ). -tái, 5b38 . 3 s. adta, Laws v 390.10 (see ZCP xxv 247 ). ata, Wb. 13c26 , at, 27a11 , atáa, 6a19 , attáa, 32a6 , ataa, 26b31 , att, 4b11 . -tá, 31c7 , -ta, 2b12 , -táa, 13a35 . Impers. -dathar (see GOI 477 - 478 ), Wb. 21c9 . 1 pl. ataam, Wb. 15a13 , attaam, 32a28 . 2 pl. ataid, Wb. 4a4 , ataaith, 20b16 , ataaid, 23c28 , ataad, 22d14 . -taid, 19d26 . 3 pl. ataat (trisyll.), Blathm. 471 . ataat, Ml. 55d11 , 37a10 . -tat, 42b10 . -taat, Sg. 71b3 .

With suff. pron. tathum, Metr. Dinds. iv 284.3 . tathut, Fél. July 24 . táithi (tathai, v.l.), Críth G. 197 . táthus, Fél. Feb. 5 . táthunn, Prol. 217. taithiunn, Thes. ii 293.19 . tathuib, Rawl. 88b51 .

For rel. s. without preverb (taas, tás) see atás, indaas, 4 ol.

The form fil, etc. As conj. form: fil, Wb. 16b9 , Ml. 92a8 , Sg. 193b7 . feil, Wb. 24c4 . Ml. 60b2 . fel, Wb. 3c38 , Ml. 27d10 . fail, 44b10-11 , Sg. 32a1 . As rel.: fil, Ml. 121c8 , file Wb. 23a5 , Ml. 51d11 , Sg. 151b7 . fel, Wb. 4c1 , fele, Ml. 93c7 . feil, Wb. 33b18 . fail, BCr. 18c4 .

Consuet. pres. 1 s. biuu, Wb. 16d8 . -bíu, 20a3 . 2 s. -bí, Ml. 135d1 . ACL iii 312 § 4 . 3 s. biith, Wb. 29a26 . biid, 4d33 . bíid, Sg. 150b4 . -bii, Wb. 28b25 , -bí, Ml. 103c3 . With ro: robīi, TBC-I¹ 1730 . -rubi, Wb. 11c17 , -rubai, Ml. 20d4 , Sg. 7b3 . -ruba, 3b28 . Rel. bíis, Wb. 13a12 . biís, 28b28 . bis, Ml. 61a33 . bís, Sg. 140b2 . Impers. bithir, Ml. 56b15 . rel. bither, 108b4 , -bither, 100c21 . -rubthar, cited GOI § 784 . OIPG 69 . 1 pl. bímmi, Ml. 15a4 . -biam, Wb. 16a8 . Rel. bimme, Wb. 12c11 . 3 pl. biit, Wb. 29a28 . bíit, Sg. 217a1 . robiat, 138a5 . -biat, Ml. 59d7 . -bíat, Sg. 148a4 . -rubat, 138a5 . Rel. bíte, Wb. 9d28 .

Indic. impf. 1 s. -bíinn, Ml. 108b1 , -biinn, 58d9 . 3 s. -bíid, LU 5080 (see Ériu xvii 121 ), -bíth, Sg. 148b6 . -bid, Ml. 33a5 . -bith, Vita Br. 12 . Impers. no bithe , CCath. 3971 . 1 pl. -bímmis, cited GOI § 785 . 3 pl. -bitis, Ml. 86d6 . -bítis, Sg. 5a15 .

Ipv. 2 s. b, TBC-I¹ 2391 . 3 s. bíth, Wb. 10a8 , 25 , bíith, 8d9 , bíid, 5d33 , biid, Ml. 74d3 . bíd, Wb. 3a14 . With suff. pron. bithom, Fél. Ep. 404 n.17 . 2 pl. biid, Wb. 23c11a . bith, 22b26 . 3 pl. biat, Ml. 51d13 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. beo, Wb. 23b41 . beu, Ml. 53b8 . -béo, Fél. Prol. 273 . 2 s. bee, cited OIPG 70 and see GOI 482 . b, ZCP viii 311.z (see xxiv 122 ). -bee (perh. absol.), ZCP vii 494 (Enchir. Aug.). -bē, Fing. R. 82 . With ro: robhe (restored as ro-bé), Blathm. 92 § 9 . 3 s. beith, Ml. 108a11 . beid, Wb. 14c23 . bed, 3c10 . beth, Thes. ii 245.34 (Cambr. Hom.). -bǽ, Wb. 22b14 . -b, Sg. 29b14 . -bée, Wb. 12c43 . With suff. pron. bethum-sa, Fél. Ep. 384 n.14 . With ro: rob, Wb. 5d30 , robe, 18c4 , rubé, Ml. 20d4 , rob, Wb. 28a23 , robbé, Sg. 169a1 . -roib, Wb. 16c24 , Ml. 118c5 . Rel. bess, Wb. 5d14 . bes, Ml. 77d3 . Impers. bethir, Wb. 5d33 . rel. bether, Ml. 107d8 . -bether, Wb. 10a18 . 1 pl. bemmi, Wb. 31c11 . beimmi, 19a16 . -bem, 24a10 . -robam, 26c10 . 2 pl. beithe, Wb. 18b16 . bethe, 24b13 . -beith, Ml. 46a10 . -beid, Wb. 27c9 . With ro: -robith, Wb. 26a28 . 3 pl. beit, Wb. 10b5 . rubet, 26a23 . ro be(i)t , Vita Br. 35 . -bet, Wb. 9d27 . -robat, 11d9 . Rel. bete, Wb. 10c22 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. -beind, TBC-I¹ 1856 . -beinn cited GOI § 787 . 2 s. -betha, Wb. 4c24 . 3 s. nobed, Wb. 3b10 . nobeth, Ml. 27b1 . -bed, Wb. 9d1 . -beth, Ml. 88b15 . -robad, Wb. 17a13 . -rabad, 34a4 . Impers. -bethe, Trip.² 2828 . 1 pl. -bemmis, Wb. 9a3 . -beimmis, 29d23 . -bemis, Vita Br. 23 . 2 pl. -bethe, Wb. 9c20 . 3 pl. -betis, Sg. 138a9 . -[ro]ibtis, Wb. 28a1 .

Fut. 1 s. bia, Ml. 137b7 . 2 s. bie, cited GOI § 788 , OIPG 70 . 3 s. bieid, Wb. 4d6 . bied, 14c1 . -bia, 5d35 . -bia (disyll.), Blathm. 572 . -bia and -bía, GOI § 788 . With suff. pron. bethiumm. Ériu xiii 20.6 . bethib, ZCP viii 316.5 (see xxix 174 ). Rel. bias, Wb. 23b38 . bies, Ériu iii 102 § 32 . Impers. beithir, TBFr. 248 . -bether, MacCongl. 61.4 . 1 pl. bemmi, Wb. 9c10 . beimmi, 21b7 . -biam, 15a1 . -piam, 30b17 . 2 pl. bethe, cited GOI § 788 . bethi, Trip.² 1589 . -bied, Wb. 9a21 . -bieid, 26d26 . 3 pl. biet (disyll.), Blathm. 472 . bieit, Wb. 4c40 . biet, 9d27 , Sg. 198b6 (also bíet, GOI § 788 ). -biat, 9c28 . -bíet, 40b14 . Rel. bete, Wb. 13c26 . beite, 4c40 .

Condit. 1 s. nombeinn, Ml. 59a22 . 3 s. nobiad, Ml. 32d5 . -bíad, Wb. 9d1 . 1 pl. nobemmis, Ml. 134b3 . 3 pl. nobetis, Ml. 100c7 .

Pret. 1 s. b, LU 9407 . 2 s. -bá, cited GOI § 789 , OIPG 71 , see perf. 2 s. below. 3 s. bói, Wb. 31c18 . bái, 27a16 . -bói, 17d17 , Ml. 78a4 . Rel. boie, Thes. ii 242.11 (Ardm.). boīe (MS. ba), Ériu xvi 46.10 (see n. 0 and Celtica vi 223 ). boíë (MS. baoí), Ériu xxvi 67, 85 . Cf. cech nóeb bói, fil, bías, Fél. Ep. 289 (where six sylls. required). With suff. pron. boithus, IT i 137.8 = boithius, 21 . boíthi, Sc.M² 3 . ? baísu, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 37.5 . Impers. *both(a)e, postulated GOI § 789 , botha, TBC-I¹ 1572 . -both(a), Vita Br. 33 . 1 pl. bamar, SR 1558 . bámar, 3286 , Imr. Brain i 48.5 . 2 pl. -baid (baïd ?), cited GOI § 789 , OIPG 71 . 3 pl. bātir, TBC-I¹ 217 . -batar, Ml. 55c2 . Rel. batar, Ml. 123b5 . See GOI § 789 .

Perf. 1 s. rob, Wb. 28a9 . -roba, Ml. 44c4 . -raba, TBC-I¹ 3068 . 2 s. rob, LL 14442 . 3 s. robói, Wb. 5c10 . rambái, 2c13 . robui, Ml. 93c3 . -robae, Ml. 41a5 , -robe, Wb. 18d7 , -rabae, Ml. 28d3 . Impers. romboth, Wb. 19a9 . rombod, 5b31 . -rabad, Ériu iv 146.4 . 1 pl. robámmar, Wb. 20d12 . -robammar, Ml. 105b16 . 2 pl. rubaid, Wb. 3b19 . -robaid, Ml. 46a8 . 3 pl. robatar, Wb. 24c5 . robbátar, Sg. 57b1 . -rabatar, Ml. 100c11 . -robatar, Sg. 45b1 . -rabtar, Ml. 37a16 .

Vn. buith.

Vbl. of necess. buithi.

Later forms (see also Ó Máille, Verbs of Existence in Irish, Ériu vi 1 ff. ; Mulchrone, Verbalformen der Vita Tripartita, ZCP xvi 440 ; Falconer, Verbal System of LU Táin, Ériu xvii 116 ; Strachan, Verbal System of SR, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1895, 1 - 76 ; O Daly, Verbal System of LL Táin, Ériu xiv 80 ; Mac Eoin, Verbalsystem von Togail Troi, ZCP xxviii 125 ; Sommerfelt, Le système verbal dans In Cath Catharda, RC xxxviii 41 ; Nuner, Verbal System of the Agallamh na Senórach, ZCP xxvii 272 ; PH Glossary; Lloyd, Impersonal passive forms of the Irish substantive verb, Ériu i 49 ff. ; TD Introd. lxxv ; IGT Verbs § 7 ).

Indic. pres. 1 s. atáu, Trip.² 1412 . atú, 2578 . itu, SR 1187 . it, TBC-LL¹ 434 . atú, IGT Verbs § 7 . ataim, Fier. 14 . -t, Acall. 4516 . 2 s. -tái, SR 3102 . -toi, TBC-I¹ 937 . taoi, TD 15.48 . cia doaisiu mac?, RC xxvi 30 § 128 . 3 s. -t, Trip.² 744 . atá, IGT Verbs § 7 . Rel. attá, Trip.² 534 , ata, SR 7708 etc., at, Acall. 429 . Impers. atáthar, TBC-LL¹ 3316 . dáthar (: máthar), IGT Verbs ex. 99 . atass, Ériu iv 114 § 17 (:as). -das (: as), IGT Verbs ex. 104 . 1 pl. itám, SR 1727 . tám, 3493 . ataum, PH 1556 . ataim, TBC-LL¹ 874 . atamaoit, TBC St. 121 . atámaoid, atám, IGT Verbs § 7 . -taum, PH 1506 . -dtám (: ár), IGT Verbs ex. 111 . 2 pl. atathai, PH 2734 . atathi, 597 . atáithi (: fáithi), IGT Verbs ex. 105 . -táithi (: sáithi), ex. 96 . -dathai, Alex. 190 . -taidh, Ériu ii 118 § 53 . 3 pl. itāt, TBC-I¹ 3132 . atáit, CCath. 1215 . ataut, PH 1064 . táid, TD 8.5 . -táit, CCath. 1701 . Rel. itat, Trip.² 882 , atat, SR 7949 . For later forms in meaning than (is) see atás, indaas, 4 ol. See also II (d) below and daas.

The form fil. 1 s. ni ḟuilim, ni ḟoilim, IGT Verbs § 7 . 2 s. -fhile, PH 8116 . -fhuile, 3335 , -fuili, Acall. 3217 . -ḟoili, -ḟuile, IGT Verbs § 7 . 3 s. fail, TBC-I¹ 60 , SR 353 etc. ro fail , TBC-LL¹ 263 , fuil, 3072 . -fail, Trip.² 2764 , -fuil, 872 , -uil, PH 3181 , -ḟil, Acall. 3709 . -ḟuil, -ḟoil, IGT Verbs § 7 . Rel. fil, Trip.² 842 , fail, SR 392 , no fail , 933 . With impers. ending: filter, MacCongl. 31.25 . -fuiltear, TD 2.42 . 1 pl. ra fuilemm , TBC-LL¹ 2971 . -failmet, SR 6320 , -ḟuilmíd, Acall. 5101 . -ḟuilmíd, -ḟoilmíd, -ḟuileam, -ḟoileam, IGT Verbs § 7 . 2 pl. -bhḟuilti, Acall. 962 . 3 pl. failet, SR 345 . filet, 477 . fuilet, TBC-LL¹ 4739 . -failet, Trip.² 1119 . -filet, TBC-I¹ 1848 , -fileat, CCath. 1270 . -fuilet, 427 . -fuilid, TD 7.23 . Rel. failet, SR 400 . ra failet , TBC-LL¹ 5225 . fuilet, 4709 . filet, PH 435 . See also do-fil.

Consuet. pres. 1 s. bim, PH 6393 . bím, -bím, IGT Verbs § 7 . ? -ruibim, SG 373.29 . 2 s. -bi, SR 2035 . bí, ní bí, IGT Verbs § 7 . 3 s. bíd, TBC-I¹ 1453 (LU). biid, SR 4537 . bíd, 4588 . -bí, TBC-I¹ 472 . -bíonn, TD 22.12 . -bind, RC xlix 37.13 . bídh, -b, IGT Verbs § 7 . Impers. bither, PH 7441 . -bithar, Laws iv 234.2 Comm. 1 pl. bímit, Acall. 886 . bídmaid, 5481 . bímíd, -bímíd, -bíom, IGT Verbs § 7 . 2 pl. bíth, Acall. 6139 . 3 pl. bīd, TBC-I¹ 1075 (bít, LU). -bíat, TTr.² 330 . -bít, PH 4189 , -bíd, TD 5.5 . Rel. bit (= bíït), SR 7259 . bít, TBC-LL¹ 1320 .

Indic. impf. 1 s. do bhínn , TD 23.7 . 3 s. nobīth, TBC-I¹ 593 (nobíid, LU cited above). robíth, TBC-I¹ 1903 (LU). do bhíodh , TD 14.23 . do bhíoth , 26.12 . Impers. bithi, Auraic. 5286 = -bithi, RC xx 150.y (ACC Pref.). no bithea , Acall. 156 . 3 pl. naboitis, TBC-I¹ 855 LU (nobitís, Y). nobīdis, 3621 (Y). bítís, 1898 (LU). no beitis , LL 407a27 . ro bitis , PH 1957 . do bhítís , Acall. 830 . do bhídís , TD 15.18 . Rel. tri cnuasa bítís ann, Acall. 455 .

Ipv. 1 s. bír (: gním), IGT Verbs ex. 94 . 2 s. b, Parrth. Anma 3871 . 3 s. bīdh, ZCP vi 271.z . bíodh, TD 16.2 . bíoth, 17.1 . 1 pl. bíom, Dán Dé xiv 17 . 2 pl. bíthe (: -chíthe), IGT Verbs ex. 95 . bídh, ex. 109 . bidhí, Luc. Fid. 3430 . 3 pl. bíod, TD 16.19 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. ber, SG 172.15 . uér, Ériu ii 92.9 . beor, v 222.46 . bheith mé, TD 8.9 . -ra bur , TBC-LL¹ 1112 . -rabor, ZCP xii 401.30 . ? -rabhus, ZCP v 523.27 = rabasa, Ériu xii 144.12 (TE). -rabar, ZCP iii 32.37 . bear, rabhar, -bear, -rabhar, IGT Verbs § 7 . 2 s. bé, SR 1607 . beir, BNnÉ 288.29 . Acall. 592 . -rab(a)i, BDD² p. 80 . -rabha, Irish Texts iv 75 § 16 . -rabhair, Fing. R. p. 13 note 86 . -mbéis (: Céis), IGT Verbs ex. 100 . -beis(se) (: meise), Dán Dé xiv 20 . -rabais, Fing. R. 86 , BDD² 363 (see ZCP xxvii 75-8 ). beis, rabais, -beis, -rabais, IGT Verbs § 7 . 3 s. beth, TBC-I¹ 270 (beith, v.l.), IGT Verbs ex. 101 . -b, TBC-I¹ 1671 . -raib, Trip.² 2753 . -rab, TBC-I¹ 1430 . -raibhe, Parrth. Anma 2616 . rabh, raibh, -bé, -raibh, -rabh, IGT Verbs § 7 . Rel. bess, TBC-I¹ 1104 (beis, Y). beas, IGT Verbs § 7 . Impers. bethur, Laws ii 36.20 Comm. 1 pl. beme, Snedg. u. Mac R 9.14 . bemmit, TBC-LL¹ 2137 . bemait, Acall. 5478 . -bém, CCath. 1124 . -beam (: leam), Dán Dé xii 10 . -ruibem, SR 5540 . -rabum, PH 7899 . bheam, rabham, IGT Verbs § 7 . 2 pl. bethi, SR 1233 . rabthai, PH 1977 . 3 pl. beit, Trip.² 1653 . -bet, TBC-I¹ 1053 . -beat, Lism. L. 4702 . -rabat, Laws iv 42.29 Comm. -rabut, PH 994 . -rabhait, BNnÉ 269.4 . -rabhaid, Parrth. Anma 2836 . -rabheid, RC xxix 136 § 51 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. do beinn , do rabainn , IGT Verbs § 7 . 2 s. no beithi , Trip.² 2972 . no beithe , 2983 = no bethe , Trip. 252.21 . do beitheá , TD 1.44 . 3 s. no beith , Trip.² 2967 . nobith, TBC-I¹ 3543 . dá mbeadh , TD 29.6 . -mbeath, IGT Verbs ex. 97 . -rabad, RC iii 184.24 . Impers. -bethe, Trip.² 2828 . -bette, Metr. Dinds. iii 382.19 . rabtha, TBC-LL¹ (C) 1675 . 1 pl. dá mbiadh sinn, TD 28.25 . 3 pl. nobeitis, SR 7855 . nobeidis, TBC-I¹ 3557 . dá mbeith siad, TD 26.36 .

Fut. (see Bergin, Ériu ii 46-8 ) 1 s. bíat, TTr.² 89 . biat, PH 1244 . biad (bíatt v.l.), CCath. 5137 . bhead, Parrth. Anma 6378 . bed, ZCP vi 41.10 . bét, 69.2 . bett, BNnÉ 52 § 42 . -biu, TBC-LL¹ 882 . -bhiú, Dán Dé xiv 20 . biad, -bi, IGT Verbs § 7 . 2 s. bía, Trip.² 1593 . biae, SR 1599 . -bíai, BNnÉ 291 § 2 . biaidh tú, TD 1.26 . bía, -bía, IGT Verbs § 7 . bethair, ZCP ii 225.4 . 3 s. bied, LU 10362 . biaid, Trip.² 1071 . biáid, TBC-I¹ 169 (LU). biaidh, -bia, IGT Verbs § 7 . Rel. bíes, Trip.² 2671 . bés, CCath. 300 , bes, 657 . bess, PH 4666 . bhias, TD 3.50 . do biass , L. Chl. S. 1 . Impers. beither, Acall. 5259 . beithir, ZCP x 415.11 . 1 pl. bemit, LU 9753 , PH 1501 . bemait, CCath. 1467 . -bem(ni, LU 9753 . beimíd, -biam, IGT Verbs § 7 . -biaim(ne) (: siairni), ex. 108 . ? -ben, BCC 396.19 . 2 pl. bethi, SR 3083 . beitte (: eiti) (beththi, bete v.l.), IGT Verbs ex. 102 . -bed, Trip.² 1590 . 3 pl. biait, Trip.² 2665 , TBC-I¹ 2057 (beite, LU). biat, Trip.² 1288 . beit, TBC-I¹ 80 . beiti, TBC-I¹ 2078 . beti, SR 8157 . betit, SR 853 . TBC-LL¹ 246 , TTr.² 760 . beidid, ZCP x 338 § 1 . -bīat, TBC-I¹ 1132 . beidíd síad, BCC 290.12 . beid, -bíad, IGT Verbs § 7 .

Condit. 1 s. no-béind, PH 6107 . dobeind, 7489 . do beinn, -beinn, IGT Verbs § 7 . 2 s. do bheitheá , TD 19.13 . 3 s. no biadh , CCath. 3754 . -bied, TBC-I¹ 504 . ro bífad , TBC-LL¹ 5112 . rot-fiadh, IT iii 320.4 ( Cóir Anm. 70 ). do biath (: sgiath), IGT Verbs ex. 97 . do bhiadh , TD 2.54 . Impers. no bethe , TTr.² 533 . 3 pl. do bheidīs , Parrth. Anma 5227 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. ro-bádus, PH 699 . do bhádhus , TD 23.6 . do bhí mé, 5 . -rabus, Acall. 7913 . -rabhas, 1584 . -rabadhus, 356 . do bá , -raba; do bádhus , -rabadhas, IGT Verbs § 7 . do basa ( : bádusa; proscribed form), ex. 103 . 2 s. ro bhádhuis , CCath. 553 . do bhí tú, TD 28.6 . -rabadais, PH 3725. 8121 . -rabhais, Acall. 123 . do bhádhuis , -rabhadhuis, IGT Verbs § 7 . 3 s. bae, SR 7608 . bóe, 6265 . baei, BDD² 127 . búi, CCath. 95 . -bae, SR 4975 . -buí, Trip.² 1505 . robai, SR 2229 , robae, 2262 . robói, PH 2572 . ro bí , CCath. 1302 . robuidh, Ériu iii 198 § 22 . do bí , CCath. 278 . do bhói , Acall. 58 . do bhaoi (: draoi), Dán Dé xii 22 . -rubai, SR 1241 . -roibe, BDD² 498 , -roibi, 1393 . -roba, 251 . -raba, 1533 . -raibhe, TD 2.25 . -rabha, 8.36 . -robha, 1 . do bí , -raibi, do baí , -rabha, IGT Verbs § 7 . With depon. ending -rabhustair, BNnÉ 322 § 31 . Rel. boí, Trip.² 626 . bāi, TBC-I¹ 1277 . būi, 630 . ro bae , Trip.² 288 . ro buí , BDD² 287 . ro baí , 1451 . ro boí , 1517 . Impers. both, Trip.² 2264 . rombatha, Ériu ii 20 § 3 (-a added later). -rabad, iv 146.4. robās, TBC-I¹ 2147 . rombas, SR 7564 , robás, TTr.² 151 . -rabus, Trip.² 54 . rabas, Laws iv 212.22 Comm. , -bádus, MacCongl. 43.22 . -bás, 61.3 . do bás , do bas , -rabas, IGT Verbs § 7 . do bas (: as), ex. 98 . do bhás (: fhás), Dán Dé xxvi 9 . 1 pl. bāmur, TBC-I¹ 399 . do bámar , Acall. 1283 . do bhámair (: Ádhaimh), Dán Dé xv 17 . -rabamar, TBC-I¹ 2495 . 2 pl. robabair, Anecd. ii 14.9 . -babhair, Blathm. 23 (see notes ). robadbair, TBC-I¹ 2502 . do bhábhair , TD 22a.1 . -rabhuir, Acall. 114 . -rabhabhair, TD 22a.2 . 3 pl. bādar, TBC-I¹ 472 . -bátir, TTr.² 1308 . ro badar , CCath. 573 n. ro bádar , Acall. 75 . do bídur , 5942 . -rabadar, TBC-I¹ 3108 . -rabhadair, TD 26.10 . ro baisit , O'Dav. 728 . -rabhsad, TD 16.21 . Rel. bátar, Trip.² 591 . BDD² 505 . ro bátar , 543 . Vn. an bheith , IGT Verbs § 7 . Vbl. of necess. beitte, TD 28.30 .

Cf. cenmothá, íarmothá, óthá.

Used in meaning is in a large variety of contexts. Normally replaced by copula (see 1 is) in certain fixed syntactical patterns (classification, identification, etc.), and when used in these cases exceptional (see above and II below).

I Expressing existence.

(a) Used absolutely is, exists, there is, etc.: ata in coimdiu gl. Dominus in cælo sedis eius, Ml. 30b27 . nabad hed a méit nádmbǽ `let it not be only that it is not' gl. nec nominetur in uobís, Wb. 22b14 . ní fil aimsir nad mbed ref. to fuit et est semper, Ml. 17a15 . ní torménmar-ni ara mbetis in gnimai sin gl. præter spem nostram, etc., 115b1 . ni fil chumtubairt gl. indubitabilia, etc., Sg. 154b2 . ma nubed `if it existed', 31b21 . ro baoi siomh re tuisdinsiú `he existed', Blathm. 632 . as e as soithcerndomh fil, 773 . ma rombe is maith if it is, it is well, Laws iv 2.14 Comm. ni rabi uair . . . nad ro bai `there was no hour . . . that He existed not', Ériu ii 106 § 16 . a cin for athair .i. uair na bí mac, Laws iv 240.16 Comm. Columb [ro]baoi, Columb bīaas, ZCP viii 198 § 20 . tar ēis a mic . . . / nī raba acht dā aenbliadain `was alive only two years', Ériu iii 198 § 24 . as a rad ata a nadmaim cin co be by saying there is a covenant though there is not, Laws iv 52.30 Comm. ni tha . . . ní a ngeimre in winter there is nothing, 90.1 (with petrified inf. pron. 3 s. n. in dat. sense?). ní bía terca bíd there will not be a scarcity of food, BColm. 52.5 . bid dno maith, ┐ ni bi derrscugud de `yet there is good, and nothing to surpass it', Auraic. 703 . is tré ómun bíid serc, Ériu i 195.1 . céin beti neóil im gréin ngil, Metr. Dinds. ii 38.z . i céin raibh nemh is talamh as long as . . . endure, BNnÉ 314 § 8 . bai cocad mor etarro, RC xxiv 186 § 19 . In phrase (acht) atá ní (chena) but, moreover, see 1 ní (e).

In periphrasis when emphasis on some element other than the verb is required: bieid nach dréct diib hícfider, Wb. 4d6 . bieid bes ferr de, 32a13 . do budh cusmail rit co robuis uair ecin, ┐ co n[d]ingenta rét feramail `that thou wert once such an one that thou couldst . . .', ZCP vi 87.13 . ba-sa tan / nī folabrainn ilach gamh, Ériu ii 95 § 3 . ata[a]t .iii. cáini nad chumgat comarbai do chumscuchud, Ériu xvii 68 § 9 ( Laws iv 210 ). Note further: atāit teora brīathra / ata lōgmaire for nim, ZCP vii 312 § 25 .

With words expressing time: bieid aimser nad creitfider, Wb. 28c14 . aidchi robuī `one night', Ériu ii 222.25 . fecht robai `once', Mon. Tall. 147.2 (§ 52) . biaidh uair 's . . . a time will come when, Dán Dé vii 31 .

Introducing a statement: cia beith ara rogba bóairechas riasíu ropo chúairddulchach though it be that he assume, Críth G. 67 . dá mbeith fós go mbiadh an Fhraingc comh líonmhar ┐ adeir seisean `granted that', Keat. ii 933 . má tá go seachnoid síol Éibhir . . ., TD 29.7 . ci(d), gi(d) bé whatever, whoever (see Ériu xii 210 ): ria flaithaib, .i. rias na flaithib, cibe flaithe iat `whatever chieftains they be', Laws iv 154.17 . gidh bé lá cheannghar an chairt, Dán Dé xiv 17 . cidh bé do bhean díbh an dúthaigh, DDána 26.1 . bíd (ipv. 3 s.) co n- although: admhuim . . . mo pheactha . . . bīodh gomadh é mo mhīan a bhfolach though I should wish to hide them, Parrth. Anma 4625 . bīodh nach gcaoifithea go spesialta fá gach peacadh though you might not weep specially for each sin, Mac Aingil 235 . bíth gur gheallas . . . though I promised, Ó Bruad. ii 212 § xiv . In constr. manibed x ní bíad y were it not for x y would not be, see má II (b).

(b) The subst. vb. is usual with predicates consisting of adverbial phrases of all kinds (prep. and noun, adjj. and nouns used adverbially, etc.) and thus enters into a large and varied corpus of idioms. A select list follows. Reference should in all cases also be made to the nouns, adjj., adverbs and prepositions concerned.

With CO: atáthar sund chucut your adversary is approaching, LL 10300 ( TBC-LL¹ 3316 ).

With CO N-: atúsa com thegluch there is myself and my household troop, TBC-LL¹ 437 .

With DI: im chaingin robui de muintir Tamlachti friss `about a business that arose between the monastery of Tallaght and him', Mon. Tall. 157.7 (§ 72) . masu de chlaind Echdach aird / atāi, ZCP xi 108 § 1 . ní bia debaid . . . de, Ériu iv 108 § 69 . Of materials: an crann dobí na sesam ... dobí sé do cepresus was a (lit. of) cupressus, Maund. 9 . In phrase a.¤ di such is: roboi du meit a pecthae `so great were their sins', Ml. 98c6 . má beth tra do hūaite ind āessa gráid `if the ordained folk be too few', Ériu i 220 § 13 .

With DO: biid do anmmaim cathrach `(Samnis) is as the name of the city', Sg. 104b5 . nád robatar suin do ṡlund in dúildetad inchoisget `there were not words (enough) to signify . . .', 45b1 . manusbeth tenga dia relad `if (the sun) had a tongue', Ériu ii 126 § 81 . ata eric a fogla do dul a ruradh o duine, Laws iv 50.5 Comm. Expressing possession, etc.: con roib core dúib fri cách so that you may be at peace with all men, Wb. 26b30 . in fochricc file do i nnim, 29b29 . cach ngrád asid n-ísliu bíid dó i céilsini, Críth G. 374 . robi timna in ríg don Comdhe, RC xviii 182.5 . nico mbái dó acht bás there was nothing for him but death, Vita Br. 32 . fecht robúi damsae domchaomnacuir `once it happened to me', Mon. Tall. 144.7 (§ 45) . atá damhsa ris an dáimh / gan ísliughadh neith dá gcáil it is my duty in regard to the sages not to belittle . . ., Content. xiv 8 .

With FOR (later AR): as ṅdath glas roboi forsind sl[é]ib the mountain was green, Ml. 84d4 . cech dath is maith ré neach bid forro, RC vi 183.9 . cēin beó ar in mbith mbuide, Ériu ii 92.16 . nocha cuinnghim bethaid mbí / ōtú ar sīth mo Rīgh amuigh since I am outside the palace of my king(?), ZCP vii 301 § 10 . scríbend menmman .i. robbói for a inndṡliucht-som `it had been in his mind', Sg. 178b4 . in sét atá form aire on which I am intent, Ériu vi 115 § 6 . a mhacnas orm gidh eadh raibh though I greatly desire to do so, Dán Dé xix 6 .

With FRI: nobiad fri femen `it would be (used) with the feminine', Sg. 207b2 . ní biat remsuidigthi friu `there are no prepositions with them', 215a5 . ni humhal robabair rim cen erghe rónn you were not submissive to me, Anecd. ii 14.9 . ba [mait]h ro mboth friu they were well treated, TBFr. 145 . is throit ra bass risin fer út that man was quickly dispatched, TBC-LL¹ 2986 ( LL 10035 ).

With I: is hi tuaisciurt slebe sióin ata in chathir, Ml. 67d8 . ataam ar ndiis i cuimriug, Wb. 32a28 . is and . . . bieid finis, 13b29 . is sunt bia-sa i n-eilithri, Ml. 137b7 . nach dú i mbí isnaib salmaib iustitia, 109a2 . bēti a scēla illāidib, ZCP iii 37.32 . dēna torba airm i mbī, vii 311 § 9 . ro-bas i lurg an madma la clannaibh Néill the Clanna N. pursued the rout, xiv 234.16 . adh bes fiu da trian na samuisce atá isín focreic, issed ata isin fogail doníther ris na ferandaib cétna i fuacht an geimridh `a calf which is worth two thirds of the `samhaisc'-heifer which is paid for the rent, it is it that is paid for the trespass', Laws iv 92.16 Comm. cínta do niad na cethra . . . leth a mbia ina nairlim isedh bias ina tairsci `half of that fine which lies for their `airlim'-trespass . . .', 74.8 Comm. cod a midídar ruire trachta ┐ raite? Nin; co rabadar ocht nurcora dec and do fhleascach, 138.4 Comm. ní bhíadh na ghoin é d'oighedh / toil Dé muna deónaighedh His wound would not be enough to cause His death, IGT Decl. ex. 378 . Common in form with suff. pron. 3 s. n. ma beith nech and tra labrathar ilbélre if there be anyone, etc., Wb. 13a4 . ar atá brithem and cenut-su `a judge is there apart from thee', 6b25 . ataat alaaili interiecta and it coitchena do cach ceniul, Sg. 10a1 . attaad teora bliadna and. Niconcomracamar díoblíonaib `it is three years since we two had intercourse', Mon. Tall. 134.26 (§ 21) . For phr. cid fil and trá see trá. In idiom tá sé i n-a fhear he is a man (see Dillon, ZCP xvii 307 ff. ): is amlaid . . . atá in rigsudi sin inna chathaír chumtachta, LU 2005 ( FA 7 ). cidead bes ina bibdaid `even though he be a caitiff', Ériu v 22.20 . gu raibhe 'na cholum ghel, Acall. 1080 . ce raib se i n-a fhír, PH 7324 . do bí 'n-a mnaí grádaig ac Find, Acall. 2018 . do rígh gion go rabhthá id mhac, DDána 91.15 . Note also: tuc . . . aithne gurbh e righ Eirenn do bí ann that it was in fact the king, Ériu iii 152 § 6 . ro innis do gur 'uo he Isu ro ui ann, RC xii 344.15 .

With IMM: ni baitir, ni loisctir cein beit immo `he is not drowned or burnt as long as they are on him', RC vi 183.8 .

With LA: gan bheith le Dia is ann bhus aithreach if we are not on God's side, Dán Dé x 27 . Expressing possession and related ideas: is lib atá a rogu, Wb. 9a23 . is derb lium attá latsu gl. certus sum autem quod et in té, 29d14 . ainmm ninchoisc cenéuil issed file la laitnóri, Sg. 30b8 . is airi nobíth digaimm leo ante ρ. sin, 9b10 . ni fil bríg laisiom hisind accobar sin `he considers that such desire is no great matter,' Mon. Tall. 151.13 (§ 62) . is dé atá lem, fobíth, etc. this is why I think so (of an assertion), TTr.² 343 . itá a rīgan la cach ríg sund, TBC-I¹ 190 . fail leis secht nimi, SR 629 . ar ní ḟil acht oenlám lim, LL 14150 .

With ó: báoi alaile anchoire antuaid o sláne `there was a certain anchorite from Slane in the North', Mon. Tall. 159.8 (§ 77) . cech lennánacht fil isin domvn is úadhi atá originates with her, TTr.² 370 . Bressal Ó Tressaig ō' tāit / Hī Tressaig `. . . from whom are sprung', Ériu ii 50 § 7 . ni fil[et] o neoch ┐ ni filter uaidibh `they are not derived from anything, and nothing is derived from them', Auraic. 1507 .

With OC: ar notéighed dīa sathairn init co mbídh oc Cnocc Droma Coblai, ZCP viii 106.29 = Trip.² 2858 . ma no bith . . . mo c[h]laideb acom if I had my sword, TBC-I¹ 3543 . co rabat aidmi oc cech altōir . . ., Ériu i 219 § 9 . in ti ac na biat ba, Laws iv 36.10 Comm. in fhil biad ocaib sund? PH 6709 . ná raibh agad ar n-éra `refuse me not', Studies 1918, 99 § 16 . In impers. constr. cindas atathar occat? how are affairs with thee? RC xxvi 368.9 . a.¤ y oc x x has the power to do y: ní bhía . . . ag boigṡín / mo chor tar creich Phádraigín, Ériu ix 163 § 7 .

With adverbs and adv. phrases: céin bett abus `while they are here below', BColm. 98.28 . ní rubai nach cruth ailiu `it cannot be otherwise', Sg. 7b3 . ataat ám in chrut sin, 140b1 . hóre nád robe Tit ar mo chiunn, Wb. 14d29 . na muindtire bís id choimidecht `of the monks that live with thee', Mon. Tall. 128.8 (§ 3) . dá rabh mé ar éanmhagh is í, Dán Dé ix 12 . is bether go hīsiul de, ZCP x 51.6 . bidh co mín michuir ret c[h]airdibh, vi 272 § 3 . is samlaid insin robói a flaithemnacht indibsi, Ml. 18a8 . nī hamlaid beitid na nāimh . . ., ZCP xiii 9.26 . dobadus co subhach rompa, KMMisc. 319.27 . léig mar atāit tall, ZCP viii 202.4 . trath atusa sund, TBC-LL¹ 2379 . ionmhuin uan nar fhás ó mhnaoi / do bhás go truagh ar a thí, Dán Dé xxvi 9 . Note also: dá mbem a-moigh `if we win forth', Ériu ix 162 § 2 . With interrogatives: ceth leth atā E., TBC-I¹ 376 . can ata? whence is it? Hib. Min. 8.270 . cāit atā do t[h]igerna?, TBC-I¹ 789 . ciatā inso?, ZCP viii 311.13 . a Findtain, arse, ┐ Éri cía gabad ca rabad inde? `where have things been therein?' Ériu iv 146 § 23 .

(c) Used with inf. and suff. pron. to express possession. With inf. pron.: rosmbia a lóg `they shall have payment for it', Wb. 5d35 . ind indocbál no-b-tá in futuro, 14c16 . ro-n-da-biad cech maith, Ml. 33b13 . rombia-sa la dia . . . a day will come for me when, Vita Br. 12 . roborbē (roburbe v.l.) which is yours, Cáin Ad. 27 . nīmthat asnai I have no ribs, TBC-I¹ 2871 . gell cóic sét di neoch rodmbí `of whatever he has', Críth G. 283 and n. uair nach tá tír dia fhulung fri re napuidh because he has no land to support him (?), Laws iv 30.19 Comm. rom be nem may I have heaven, Snedg. u. Mac R 14 § 76 . Femen intan rombai rí . . . when it had a king, RC xvii 148.19 . cia luag nomtha?, SR 1165 . rombí lethbairgen, Anecd. i 73 § 211 . atbert Cathair nimthasa ní dhuit I have nothing to give you, LL 386b22 . Note also: nintha do imtecht liumm `I have (lit. we have) no news', RC xiii 222.20 . With cumang (or similar word) and prep. DO has the power to: nímtha cumachtæ ṅdo, Ml. 140b7 . ní-s-ta som . . . cumang domm orcuin-se, 60d3 . nísmbói didiu do chumacc a mmbo do imain they hadn't the strength to, Vita Br. 24 . sáerthar lat in domnach cech cumang rotbé (rodbe, rotbia, v.ll.) dó `with all your might', Ériu ii 204 § 22 . nícom thása cumang dia tabair[t], TBFr. 302 . apraind nachimbai-si nert do theacht cucu alas that I had not strength . . ., TBC-I¹ 3439 . Used independently is able: nīmt[h]a a dechmad d'indisin / nech doní do maith `I cannot tell a tithe of all the good he does', BColm. 70.6 . nimta-sa sin . . . uair da caithius mo dan re sciathaib Ulad I cannot do that . . ., Ériu v 72.8 . Note also: ango dano for Ingcél adfía basa lecht bas briscium `peradventure I shall be the frailest corpse', BDD 102h ( RC xxii 211 ) = at-mbia basa lecht bas brisceam, BDD² 716 (leg. ro-t-bia?).

With suffixed pron. taithiunn . . . / ni fris tarddam ar n-áthius `we have . . . something to which to apply our acuteness', Thes. ii 293.19 . táithi caire umai he has a bronze cauldron, Críth G. 197 . tathum rūn, TBC-I¹ 848 . bethib sūirsi lim-sa dano ye will enjoy freedom with me, ZCP viii 316.5 . tathat lim logh do áes, logh do sinnsire thou hast with me = I accord thee, xii 365.13 . baíthium anfud mílach mend, LU 3018 . tathuib comram, Rawl. 88b51 . tathum o día praind, Anecd. i 64 § 120 . tāthud ochtar la suidiu / airm hi fail a crōlighe `thou wilt find eight men . . .', Fianaig. 12 § 16 . tathai eolus maith, ZCP vii 310 § 1 . tatos subhae `they have happiness', Blathm. 82 . Pleonastically: tathai erouidh . . . bithbron `Herod . . . has eternal sorrow', 83 .

(d) In nasalising rel. clauses to denote has something the matter, is ailing: ced das in ben maith? `what ails the good woman?', Thes. ii 329.48 . cidh tás do sūil, a clērich? what is the matter with your eye? RC xxvii 280 § 35 . Oengus mac in Dagdai hisiurcc di bliadan. Cid tas or Bodb, RC iii 345.9 . ra[fh]etur sa . . . an daas ind ingen what is wrong with the girl, Vita Br. 5 . ni fetarsa cid no-tó I do not know what is the matter with me, ZCP viii 176.5 . cid no-taí? Sc.M² 3 . roḟetarsa a n-attath[a]i. Ni taam ni or Cano, Anecd. i 9.25 ( SCano 293 ). cid tāthaí, a maccu? . . . oc imresain atām . . ., Ériu viii 157.16 . ni confetatarsin cid rombui hissennath, RC iii 344.10 . dia ḟis cid robái (rombui, v.l.) grían to find out what was the matter with the sun, Ériu iv 140.13 .

With prep. DO feels (inimically) towards, is angry with, worries: propter incredulitatem fracti sunt .i. cani airi .i. badochu lem són is [hed] romboth doib that is the fault found with them, Wb. 5b31 . cren dímsa m'ingin . . . Cid dathir di? . . . Is dichmarcach what cause of annoyance has she given? Vita Br. 13 . fiarfaig Conchobar scēla dō. —Cidh tāi di ṡodain? ol Bricriu why do you bother with it? ZCP v 502.15 . cadai-siu duind?, TTebe 424 . In good sense treats in a special manner: ca tāthar dúin do domnach des / sech gach laithi lāndiles? `why do we hold Sunday above . . .?' Ériu iii 143 § 7 . With added prep.: cidh 'ma bfuile dam? ZCP x 10.11 . ná bí réd chathrachaibh dhúinn `talk not to us of your forts', Content. vi 31 . See further s.v. daas. Frequ. in class. verse in phrase gá dtá, dás (acht) what is the use? in short. Either gá dtá or gá tá may be used to suit alliteration, see Ir. Syll. Poetry 86 . fogus orchra don éigsi / gá ttás cur ré coiméidsi `how can she be saved?' Studies 1923, 421 § 1 . gá dás luadh imdheachta an ḟir? `what need to recount', TD 13.40 . gá dás mé dá mīrbuile / acht sé d'fás ó ÓghMuire, IGT Decl. ex. 200 . gá dtám? —acht torchuir bu dheas in short, TD 3.10 . With follg. prep.: gá dtám ris . . . / acht meise féin foidhidneach, TD 3.41 . ga dtú ris, a rí L.? / ort chuirim mo chomuirghe, 30.12 . ní bhiú ris acht, Dán Dé vi 31 . ní fhuilim dó, xi 30 .

(e) With words indicating number, quantity in sense of accompanied by, having: bí[i]th a th[a]urchreicc cóic ṡétaib, Críth G. 71 . baei Conairi a ceithri cairpthig il-Lifiu, BDD 12 (a cethror cairpdech, v.l.). itó-sa lín do gona, TBC-LL¹ 434 . denam d'ḟiadach na muice in lín Feinde atámait, Acall. 2223 . atáthaoi líon a n-ithte, Keat. iii 4439 . atú-sa caegait fer, MR 248.17 . Later: bed-sa ┐ mili ridiri maraen rium ad diaig, ZCP vi 41.9 .

II Expressing state, condition, kind, etc. with pred. consisting of noun, pron. or adj. (usage more usual with copula, see introd. section above).

(a) With noun pred.: boe sab suithe cech dind, ACC 26 ( RC xx 168 ). boe saegul sneid, 24 . boe dind oc libur leigdocht, 27 . biait betha airchind they will be chieftains of the world, Rawl. 125b9 . With subj. standing between the vb. and pred.: atá dia atach ṅ-dún-ni ais dethrebo God is a refuge to us the people of the two tribes, Ml. 66d1 . bói Fíachnae Lurga athair Mongáin, Imr. Brain 42.1 . Cf. Sg. 20b3 .

(b) With adj. pred.: boe seim sáth, ACC 25 . biat slana, SR 4167 (copula?). feib atam nocht, 1347 (copula?). bía slan, LU 3344 ( SCC 13 ). Cf. habe . . . (.i. sana sis .i. slán bee), Enchir. Aug. 82a ( ZCP vii 484 ). dlegar doibsium na be lobtaigh cor ( ar dlegar doibsium na bed lobthaig cor, O'Dav. 1191 ) (Atk. in Glossary emends to be[t]), Laws iv 54.10. atámait ainmfesach, RC xxiv 371.7 . bítíss meth (leg. methi, ed.) occ tinntúd, IT iii 235.z . co filim garbliath i rricht, LU 1272 . ro boísium imnedach i tossuch a bethad, LL 7305 . ro-bádus-[s]a dronnach, PH 2788 . céin beorsa beó as long as I am alive, Ériu v 222.46 . is follus co fuilti eaclach, Fier. 69 . maith dīghōltar ant andlocht / bethar taoblom tarrnocht trūagh folk will be, ZCP xii 395.23 . With subj. betw. vb. and pred.: is trissa ndede sin biid duine slán et fírian, Wb. 4d33 . amal mbís tegdís fás [amm]edón ┐ scópthe gl. sicut domus uacans et scopata, Tur. 14 ( Thes. i 485.23 ). arrobói a rígthech lán de rígaib, Imr. Brain 1 . amal no beithi féin béo and, Trip.² 2972 . co mbatar na hádnaicti óbéla, PH 676 . bis an puls tonnmur lethan, Rosa Angl. 272.8 . oir dobi se crodha do laim ┐ mor do mét, Fier. 2 .

(c) With part. as pred. Immediately follg. vb. (see GOI 475-6 ; OIPG 147 ): amal nombemmis érchóilti gl. tanquam morti destinatos, Wb. 9a3 . biid ersoilcthi ar chiunn for ríg `be ye opened before your king' (of doors), Ml. 46a7 . co rabais (rabhdais, v.l.) marbtha mudaigthi, TTebe 854 . With subj. standing between vb. and pred.: ataat mesai Dǽ nephchomtetarrachti the judgements of God are incomprehensible, Ml. 55d11 . céin nombetis inna saigtea tuidmithi inna feuil `as long as the arrows were fixed in his flesh', Ml. 58a9 . órobatar ind liss dúntai, Imr. Brain 1 . co ra-bi in uli demnaigecht fomamaigthi dó, PH 2796 .

(d) In sentences where the vb. stands in a nasalising rel. clause and refers to a pred. expressed in the principal clause: is faittech rond-boi som, Ml. 21d4 . ni ba cian mbias in pecthach, 56c22 . fer . . . nadip romar bed a sommæ a man . . . whose wealth should not be too great, Thes. ii 241.9 . is-gáibthech atátur i-sin-magh sin, RC xxiv 378.12 . is trog robas isin chotlad sin, Ériu v 34.z . ní cás duid madh diomdhach raibh / grása Dé . . ., Dán Dé xix 22 . [is] slán do bhaoi an brat-sain, xii 22 .

(e) In the type of sentence where the description constitutes an independent sentence with copula: ego sum uermis et non homo .i. atāim-si conad cruim mē ┐ nāch duine, Corm. Y 211 . ro boi Victor co mbo ḟortachtaigthid do Pátraic, ACL iii 10 § 8 = Trip.² 217 . unus non est . . . .i. nochon fhil int aen co mbad airim, acht ata conidh fotha airim, Auraic. 689 . dom dóigh . . . robadhuis uair ecin ┐ roba díl anora tú `it seems to me . . . that there was once a time when thou wert worthy of honour', ZCP vi 99.5 .

biad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. biad or dil.ie/5813

 

Forms: bíad, bíad, biith, biid, biud, biada, bíadh, biadhna, biadhann, biadandaib, biadh

n Early forms disyll. o, n., later m. GOI § 105. n s. (disyll.), IT i 78.2 (LMU 17). bíad nErend, LU 9044 ( FB 79 ). a s. bíad, Wb. 6b24 . g s. biith, 9b23 , biid, 29b13 . d s. biud, Thes. ii 335.29 . a pl. biada, Wb. 6c7 . bíadh, m., IGT Decl. § 76. n pl. biadhna, IT i 6.30 . g pl. biadhann, Rosa Angl. 22.1 . d pl. biadandaib, BB 241a50 .

(a) food: biad graece bia (βίος, ed.) .i. uita , Corm. Y 176. biadh gl. cibus, Ir. Gl. 477. b.¤ .i. sath, O'Mulc. 156. is airi ni b.¤ doratus dúib gl. non escam, Wb. 8c6 . inna ndig et a mb.¤ gl. in cibo, 27a24 . ní tormult far mbíad, 18a10 . brothchán as chóir duib ní b.¤ bes [so]nairt `not strong meat', 33c15 . rogíuil a mb.¤ inna mbragait, Ml. 98b8 . donaib biadaib somailsib, 64c21 . cía . . . as téchtae do dénum biid ríg ? Críth G. 553. ní do bíad dorochtamar it is not thy food we have come for, LU 5650 (TBC). in tan bá mithig tabairt biid dóib, 10585 ( IT i 137.13 ). ni doid a sáith do biud she did not eat her fill, LMU 17.2 . fa baltnugud in bíd ┐ in lenna, MU² 671. cen dig, cen b.¤ , MacCarthy 60.20 . (disyll.) ronbáe b.¤, ronbai tlacht , SR 1557. airchra bíid no etaig, 4064 . (monosyll.) nicharfail tlacht no dagbíad, 1560 . do luaig bíd i tír n-Egept, 3440 . do būar, do brat, do bīudh (: trīur, disyll.), ZCP v 23 § 28. aire .uii. n-ech do braich ┐ biud, Irish Texts i 35.32 ( LL 36986 ). fer fo lind leis ┐ fer fó bíud ? `butler and pantler' (Plummer MS. notes), LL 7672 (TBC). biadh ┐ bitaille leis `food and drink', Stair Erc. 1777. caitiat a mbiadu ? Lite doib uile . . . inund a mbiathu uile . . . gruitin, im nuadh . . . mil, Laws ii 148.20 Comm. atat dún tra biada brechtnaigt[h]i, Alex. 1007. biath na nGall, Ériu iii 140.21 . ecad .i. saith ēcca .i. biad n-ēcca .i. pisci perishable (?) food, O'Mulc. 355. gléasuigh sí a bíadh `provideth her meat', Proverbs vi 8. beatha gan bhiadh (i.e.) immortal life, DDána 19.8 . ní mhothaigh bél blas ar bhiúdh (: iúl), IGT Decl. ex. 1591. biadh bríoghmhar do dhíleághadh `solid food', Donlevy vii 1. fodder of animals: slan dona robaib . . . in b.¤ caithid, Laws iii 262.17 Comm. biadha . . . don asal (= cibaria . . . asino, Eccles. xxxiii 25 ), TSh. 1873.

In phr. arbar biid corn for food, fodder (as opp. to malt): di grán arbae biid, Críth G. 254. da chess lana do braich ┐ do arbur biid, Irish Texts i 35.31 .

(b) Legal refection, food(-rent) due from client to lord; food-levy, tribute of food (see ZCP xiv 336 and bíathad): meth mbid na flatha failure (to fulfil an obligation of supplying) food to the `flaith', ZCP xviii 405.6 . cach mb.¤ cuna dilsi, Laws ii 234.13 ( ZCP xiv 346 § 7 ). i[s] saer iat ar cinaid a mbid `exempt from the liability of (supplying) food', iii 112.19 Comm. airligud bid dia tecmai daim i n-agoi a erco (one of the seven `borrowings' that may involve honour-price if not repaid in time), v 372.14 . bīadh ūathaib gacha rāithe, ZCP viii 16 § 4. do chísaib ┐ do bhiathaib Laigen and so `refections', Leb. Cert. 216.15 . nochaḟuil saoire ar biadh i n-urradus amail ata a cain. Ocus is uime ata sin, tusca biadh i n-urradus na biadh cana, Cóic Con. 66. 17 . See aurradus, céilsine.

Compds. With nouns. bidhcheardcha (`leg. biadh-ch. lit. food-forge ', ed.) `a tavern or tipling house', Eg. Gl. 726. gaphann (henbane) .i. bīad-guin .i. bīad gonus amal gāi, O'Mulc. 613. biadogam .i. bairgen, leamnacht etc., `Food Ogham,' Auraic. 5805. With adj. a fhlaith Bréifne biadhbhuige `food-lavish land', Magauran 843 .

1 cáem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cáem or dil.ie/7590

 

Forms: cáomh

adj I o, ā

(a) dear, precious, beloved; belonging to the family : gaibid immib a n-etach macc cóimsa amal no ndad maicc cóima gl. sicut electi Dei, Wb. 27b16 ( GOI 224 ). im chorpu aiso coim `of their loved ones', Ml. 65c3 . inna gell choima .i. in maicc són `the dear pledges', 123c9 . co Críst coem tar dili `dear beyond affection', Fél. Ep. 66 . caem cách co hÉtain, BDD² 44 . caem incele coimshearcach, IT iii 12 § 19 . carthannacht cháomh, Párl. na mB. 2726 . ba caeom (coem, v.l.) do chlu, TTebe 3383 . In sense of noble (see II (a) below): beritt a n-aithbíu ┐ a marbu cóemu condicce airther R., Ériu iii 141.204 . In n. pr. Echtra Condla Chaim (title of a tale), LU 9991 . Conla Cáem, LL 13447 . mael caem, name of a metre, IGT Metr. Faults § 92 . Of objects dear, precious, valuable : cid cóem cid dichóem (of furniture). Críth G. 225 . sét cáeim, TBFr. 330 . cet[h]ri dorais ind cen brōn / bith oc ōl tria bitha sír / turib ciprib ūair is cæm / cōel fo tuighib d'itib en (of a house), ZCP viii 108.14 . ro dilaitriccsiot a ttemplu caemhu cumhdachta, Cog. 40.27 . cathbarra caem, Stair Erc. 735 . Of clothes: tlacht caom, ML² 499 . lenti . . . coema, Cog. 160.30 co n-edaigib caema . . . ar[a] eochaib, TTebe 4437 .

In phrase is c.¤ la: la Crist . . . / . . . it cóimseom they are beloved by Christ, Fél. Sept. 2 . nipo chóim less frinn gl. qui etiam proprio Filio non pepercit, Romans viii 32 , Wb. 4b12 . doberar fīn dō . . . corbo mesc ┐ asber fris, ba cōem leōsom a llindsin, nī tobrad acht ere .l. fēn leō they considered that wine precious, they had only brought a load of fifty carts(?), TBC-I¹ 1536 ( LU 6004 ); whence, mistakenly, caem .i. beg, ut est: ba caem leósum in linn, Ériu xiii 67 § 79 . coemh no caomh .i. beag, O'Cl. caomh .i. beag, P. O'C. Note also: caem .i. terc ut est inti dia mbi caeimiu in cethra .i. is terci, O'Dav. 484 , corresp. to: dia mbi caime in cethra, Laws iii 464.4 Comm. O'Curry 1388 ( H 3.18, 630ab ) adds: uair caem gach diuir ┐ diuir gach terc etc. = 230 ( H 3.18, 125 ).

(b) fair, beautiful, lovely : it cóema na heich am cóemsa dano a maccán ol Cu., LU 5070 (TBC). mo chú ch.¤ chain, TBC-LL¹ 530 . laoch caomh, TBC St. 4228 . cuirp coema, Cog. 178.12 . a M. in c[h]rotha caímh, ML² 47 . caomha na cláir ad-chífe lovely the lands, DDána 66.4 . fuinn chaomha Caisil, 74.14 . rath na cathrach caoimhe, Keat. Poems 1508 . grís chaomh ar car a smáile, IGT Decl. ex. 1066 . an mhaidin chaomh, ML² 1670 (see also , compds. infra). Of speech: coil ┐ cóim `simple and beautiful', Sg. 26a10 . briathra cóema cúmtaigthe, PH 314 . fitting, suitable, appropriate : ma do ti dam caem, Laws i 122.7 Comm. Of gender: aicned caemh . . . is i a sron no a suil na mna. Aicned n-eitigh . . . is i a fhiacail no a bhel na mna i.e. a.c. occurs when the parts of the body cited agree in gender with the sex of the person, Auraic. 598 , 3129 . ruidlius do indsge aiccenta caom. Dilius do indsge aiccenta euccaom, 3708 . Adv. ríg Connacht c.¤ doscomort `well he smote them', Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 50 , cf. coemh .i. coimhéimh .i. coimhésgaidh, O'Cl. caomh prompt, ready, willing , P. O'C.

Compar. ingen ríg bad chaímiu oldás, BDD² 79 . dírimm bas choímiu, TBFr. 47 . .ix. mna comiu mnaib, BB 355a19 . ben robo caoime cruth . . . inas, Stair Erc. 5 . Superl. ba sí . . . as caemeam . . . de mnáib domain, BDD² 41 . fer . . . as caíme di laechaib Hérenn, 959 . daoine . . . is caoimhe cruth, Measgra D. 16.13 .

II Subst. o, m. cáomh m., IGT Decl. § 96 .

(a) friend, relation; comrade : cach óen scaras . . . fria chóem ┐ a charait, LU 4506 ( TBC-I¹ 23 ). dia chaim no dia charait, SR 4144 . ni aithgnead cóemu na cairdiu, LU 5921 . dia ch.¤ .i. dia chloind ┐ dia shetchib, LB 143a35 . cen choim cen gilla, Rawl. 142b1 . d'furtacht chaeím, na coiccele, AFM vi 2266.17 . síol gCéin ba caomh d'éileachaibh, Content. xxix 26 . Cf. sainchóim ind ríg gl. maxime fidelium, Wb. 28d5 .

(b) noble, aristocrat : caemh .i. uasal, ut est caiti faill caem? . . . .i. in t-uasal cen fiallus manchuine ica comét, O'Dav. 521 . coem .i. comes .i. coemtechtaige rīg .i. nī bī fer dond rīg quam illi unde caem dicitur , O'Mulc. 235 . coim Ereand, Anecd. i 3.10 ( SCano 53 ). eter rígu ┐ chaemu, BDD² 53 . in tan con-gair Fīnsnechta / cucai a chōemu huile, Corp. Gen. 77.17 . do rochair for rí ┐ do rochratar for coím, LL 276a35 . oc togerad c.¤ nErenn, Dinds. 117 ( RC xvi 68 ). na diamra ro chrech in c.¤ , LL 4364 . áilim Mothairén in breo / tabrad ceo darm' chaemusa (: Aengusa), SG 389.42 . blaī būaid cuirmthige co coīmaib the privilege of the ale-feast with nobles (one of the occasions on which a lord is exempt if subjects are hurt), ZCP xi 93 § 28 . Hence used of company, entertainment : caem .i. fledh (quoting the prec. ex.), Ériu xiii 66 § 68 . caomh .i. fleadh, P. O'C. banchóem female noble , see 1 ben. By inference(?): cóem .i. fili [ut est] a chóemu cláir Cuinn cóemfind. O'Dav. 363 . caomha .i. eolaidh no uaisle, O'Cl. ni coí crábaid diar caemaib, LL 591 ( .i. d'eolchaibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 66.16 note). Cf. maccoím.

(c) fair or beautiful object or person: 'sin choem chomardach, LB 124b11 = 'san chaomh chomhordhach, Keat. iii 2054 (of a flag). 'na chaomh béime a beauty of a stroke, Párl. na mB. 3261 . baili na cluinter caem na failti na cumsanad, YBL 86a8 . teacht i gcaomh chaomhnach ar gcairdis ghrinn, Hackett² xxvii 2 . Of a person: rap í in ch.¤ a chetmunter the beautiful one was his wife, LL 17766 . Maodócc an caomh cneis-réidh `M. the fair', BNnÉ 261 § 221 .

Compds. Of family relationships: caomhathair, caomhmathair, caomhaide, caomhmuime, caomhbhrathair, caoimhsiur, caomhaindear, caoimchele, caomcomalta, go mba hógh go lúi lethdire, dia mbeid aoinbheóil aoinchiche etc.., Ériu xiii 16.14 . ben cen caemchéile spouse, CCath. 2233 . dia chaomh chenel fein, AFM iv 1374.1 . ní fhágfadh ben dinn 'ga coimhfher mate, Ériu i 16.12 . ón ti is comfocus do da caimfine, Laws ii 284.15 Comm. accomul a comuir doib re caemfine, 358.19 Comm.

General. With nouns: ar a chaomhairilleadh, ┐ ar a deighbhésaiph, Hy Fiach. 76.2 . caembachall fri hursclaidhe uadh (weapon for a cleric), Laws iv 360.21 Comm. at soer im cach coemcha[i]ṅgein / amal iasc bis hi trethain, SR 8195 . addeoch-sa na coemcainle (caindel) saints, LL 1021 . Cirine cruit coemhchiuil, Gorm. 30 . manid gau dó tria choemcheilg because of his lucky snaring(?), SR 2866 . tria choemchēil, Fing. R. 660 . tucsat ar coemching hi cacht, LB 228 marg. inf. cliath ra heclais mairg dogní / do neoch danáil a chaimchlí, LL 19301 . ata muir imma coemchness, Rawl. 77b32 . fri inmescad cóemchóecat, LU 8889 ( FB 68 ). mo shaoth a chaomh-chorp i gcróchor, Keat. Poems 19 . im chóemchostud na fledi fair arrangement of the feast, MU² 211 . ferr cīall inā cæmchruth (prov.), ZCP vi 260.23 . in cú ruadh . . . / comad táisech caemchuaine leader of a fair pack (used ironically), SG 57.2 . oslaicfitir coemdoirsi, SR 8189 . dúthracht cennsa ┐ . . . / cāemdūdracht, ZCP viii 215.2 . cupáin aici is caeimeascra, Acall. 783 . A. cóemfer, Gorm. Apr. 16 . ar fedh caomh-fód (fhóid, v.l.) a chrioch féin, BNnÉ 259 § 218 . ar egnairc na caom-geine (of Christ). Ir. Lit. 98.1 . As n.pr. do Chaemgen, LL 27272 . coro chuired re Cond cóemgleó, 3252 . car an chaoimh-láoi, RC xxix 112 § 7 . Flaith Fáil car an cháomhlaithi / ag car áir na hénlaithe, IGT Decl. ex. 132 . i fhorbtha . . . in chaem-laithi cedna, MR 106. 12 . Eua co coemlí, SR 2082 . caomhloisi .i. caomhlasair, O'Cl. amal timsaigit oíc . . . ceatra for carrcib co cáemlucht cruaid, Alex. 358 . dho chaomhmaisi an chlobhsdra `decency', RSClára 44.14 . coemrád, SR 2750 . nírop seóta sír-thaiscius / sernas do cách caémhratha `who apportions good grants to everyone', Leb. Cert.² 150.24 . a Chú cosin caemriagail, TBC-LL¹ 3672 . co mbad chennach dia cóemréir, LU 4296 ( SG 84. 25 ). no co cumad a caemrus (:tūs) `compact', Fen. 362.2 (see rús). in ghleiri caemshluaigh (of a poetic company). Auraic. 2229 . domun cona choemsoillsi, SR 8191 . dorochair di a coemthlacht, 1296 . nogegainn mo chōimthoga, ZCP vi 267 § 11 . oenanart tairsiu anechtair / coemthoracht cia comnertaid, SR 4286 . coemthuicsin cach neich, 8000 . cáomh-thúarasgbhail na banoighe, Ériu v 88.24 .

With noun forming adj.: Cathbad cóemainech, IT i 68.14 . coemainech cloth bán, 70.2 .

With adjj.: inghen cruthach caomhaluinn, RC xxix 140 § 61 . rigon . . . chaemcasto, IT i 145.5 (corresp. to cæmgasta, ZCP v 502.16 ). mac d'Airectonius caemcialla Tros, BB 412a21 . Críst cóemdil, Trip.² 1631 . Cirill crinna caemdruin, Gorm. March 9 . cathmīlid cōemḟata, Corp. Gen. 8.10 . fer cáemḟuar, Mer. Uil. 250 . in ingen chéilligh c[h]oimghenmnaigh, Ériu v 148.30 . carn-ḟolt caomh-ghlan, Keat. Poems 68 . cen gúasacht coemnar, SR 1037 . co coimsolom, BB 45a16 . banscal cruthnach coemtrebar, SR 6296 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: a Ch. chaemchlessach, TBC-LL¹ 3542 . ar miasaib coimdenmacha cruindi, TTebe 468 . o chloidheamh . . . coimealtach, IT iii 12 § 19 . Caillin caemfertach, Fen. 194.15 . Ō C. caemhfhuighlech, Caithr. CC 85 . cáemgnéach (of a hero), LL 6700 ( RC xxix 211 § 2 ). coemhichtaig .i. coemgnimaig gl. cumachtaig, ACC 42 ( RC xx 176 ). taidiu corach caemlindtech. Acall. 2674 v.l. a ccuanta caomhthurcarthacha, AFM vi 2362.19 .

With verbs: .vii. ṁbliadna a coic ro chaemchaith, LL 14962 . cororcoemchinni co gle / nitgluase, nitchumscaige, SR 1619 . cia crabud nar caemfhuill `did he not lovingly increase', Gorm. Sept. 23 . naomhcathir . . . cus caomhthathaig an muir mall, ZCP x 53.12 . With partt. fon sruth coemcoisrectha duly consecrated, TTebe 3608 . sciath . . . go ttri rothaibh caoimhdhentha credumha, ZCP x 279.21 .

1 cain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cain or dil.ie/7783

 

i adj. similar in meaning to 1 caín: a chul ch.¤ (: máthair), ACC 51 ( RC xx 248 ). sgel c.¤ (: ioain), Blathm. 166 . Crīst c.¤ (: Ādaim), Ériu iii 144 § 20 . fo gne ch.¤ (: airmitein), SR 1499 . cainig C. (: timmarcain), 3753 . 'sin chamair ch.¤ (: anmain), 6323 . cétemain c.¤ cucht, Ériu xvii 89 § 1 . Colum ón chill ch.¤ (: menmain), Metr. Dinds. iv 84.65 . in carn coin (: imgoin), iii 356.3 . na cleas coin (: tanaid), 362.97 . cairddes c.¤ (: Cruachain), 244.31 . crann c.¤ (: barraib), 146.1 . coic cét c.¤ / . . . do bliadnaib, 8.81 . tlacht corcra c.¤ (: Romhair), ML² 509 . a tenga ba cupris c.¤ (: titail), ZCP viii 107.13 . cogadh c.¤ (: Choncobair), Leb. Cert.² 1838 .

Compd. na doirsi chaindelbdai (: lainderdai), SR 457 . For other possible compds. see Bretha 30 , 31 , 35 and Introd. p. 9 .

comthlacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comthlacht or dil.ie/11863

 

n ( tlacht ): ad-mestar cáircha assa comthlachtaib fleeces , ZCP xi 85 § 39f.

1 derscaigthe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 derscaigthe or dil.ie/15718
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dergscaigthe, dercscaigthe, derscaigthi, derscaigthiu, -dearscaithi, derscaigthiu, derscigthu

adj io, iā part. of do-róscai (also dergscaigthe, dercscaigthe) distinguished, excelling, conspicuous, excellent: gl. praelatus, Ml. 109c8 ; praestans, 110d8 . pl. derscaigthi (praelati), 100c26 ; na derscaigthiu (praestantes), 37b22 ; inna nd.¤ (praestantium), 123a7 . etach ṅd.¤ , Ml. 120d2 . delb d.¤ , LL 284a49 . delb rod.¤ , TBC-I¹ 1610 (LU) = -dearscaithi, YBL. con n-ecusc derrscaithe, RC iii 344 . edaighe d.¤ , Alex. 888 . léni derscaigthi, TBC-LL¹ 5402 . léne dergscoithi, TBC-I¹ 3344 ; ib. 3354 . tlacht d.¤ , LL 117b29 . tonach d.¤ , TTr.² 496 . cathluirech d.¤ , CCath. 5212 . claideb dercscoithi, TBC-I¹ 3345 . ceol d.¤ , RC xx 40 . dá dam Dile d.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 198 . ina maighistir foirccthe derrscaighthe, AFM iii 644 . di ingein .i. da óig derscaigti, PH 2533 . co triur derscaigthi rempu, MU² 583 . ina ndlúmaib dicra derscaigthi (of troops), MR 222 . Compar. derscaigthiu (gl. conspectior), Ml. 78b1 ; (praestantior), 119d4 . in t-arm is derscaidti bai dib, RC xxiv 196 (YBL), dersciddu (gl. potiora), Wb. 23b3 (prima manu, = derscigthu?).

díth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díth or dil.ie/16842
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: díth, -a, díith

n orig. neut. n s. díth n-etha, LL 28a33 . dith n-aenmaic, Dinds. 42 . m. (g s. and n p. -a), IGT Decl. § 95 . In chronological order, the different senses are loss, absence, lack, need, desire ZCP xxxiv 48 .

(a) loss, destruction, ruin, damage: díith gl. detrimentum, Wb. 8d3 . ba dursan do d.¤ thy loss, TBC-LL¹ 3472 . iar nd.¤ Conaire i mBrudin dá Derca, LU 3442 . iar far nd.¤ uile when ye are all destroyed, TFerbe 97 . deich mili mōra, mōr d.¤ | dorochratar oc Dauíd, SR 5911 . cen meth, cen ditha (: cricha), 1015 . slecht la mac Con . . . Art Oenfher | a d.¤ rodámair sin chath, LL 132a26 . d.¤ leis ríg Loegaire, 184a50 ( Arch. Hib. ii 73 ). atbath Longarad . . . is d.¤ lēgind ┐ scol, 371b69 . tánic d.¤ do búaib connā terna díb acht tarb, 23a29 . flaith cen d.¤ cen díbad (of heaven), FA 35 . gach dochar ┐ gach d.¤ dár himreadh leat air Chonnachtaibh, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 42 . rothógbatar clesa curad do d.¤ ┐ do dílgend araili, Fianaig. 90 . co trialta a nd.¤ co mmenic frequent attempts were made to kill them, IT i 73 . an d.¤ fuair muinntir Briain, Cog. 62 . iar nd.¤ dona rigaib after the fall of the kings, MS. Mat. 618 . as mé an nathair ag d.¤ slúagh . . . an leomhan ag d.¤ cruidh, BNnÉ 285 . fa hadhbhal d.¤ Albanach andsin slaughter , AIC ii 392 . co tanic d.¤ mór isin tír .i. marbad na maccraide la Hiruath, PH 2660 . rogenair [Isu] ó Muire óig cen d.¤ n-óige, 5179 . cet[nat] . . . esbadach íarna d.¤ ima tlacht having been robbed of its fleece, Ériu vii 6 . (prov.) d.¤ Ulad le d.¤ Ulad, ZCP i 106 . do denum dithi donn imper, vi 55 . noco tí in brath dithi in betha the judgement which will destroy the world, Acall. 7283 . fada atá rún . . . rodhítha ina gcroidhibh the desire of extirpation, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 352 . ag cor díthe ar Earr Ghaoidheal, Rel. Celt. ii 202 . cēt ridiri . . . dith H. ann what H. destroyed there, ZCP vi 42 . Criomthann . . . d.¤ doratt for Dealbhna, AFM 751 . neach | lé budh dil díoth an ollaimh the destruction of the o., Content. xx 13 . Of food: ata bar cuid ullamh ┐ da rab ní bus sía rachaidh si ar d.¤ it will be spoilt (go to loss ?), RC xix 144 . Folld. by AR: īar ndīth Conchobair 'after the death of Conchobar' BDC 104.2 . ba dirsan d.¤ ar in mac 'twas sad that destruction should overtake the youth, LL 44b41 ( MS. Mat. 482 ). ni techta anfine d.¤ ar fine `it is not lawful for an extern to encroach on the tribe', Laws v 438 . In cheville: d.¤ gen cheas, BB 279a48 . guin Meis Dead d.¤ co feirg, ZCP viii 117 § 15 . Note also: dith deiredh, Forus Foc. 67 ( Metr. Gl. 20 ). d.¤ .i. crich . . . domuin dith .i. dith no finis in domuin, O'Dav. 726 .

Legal `expiry of a period of grace' (Plummer MS. notes, cf. díthim): ria ndechmadh dith .i. . . . riasiu dithmas as in dechmadh, O'Curry 2407 ( Eg. 88, 32 (33)a ). in dith ndermait .i. . . . inti dermatas a ferann . . . co ndithmonn uadh é, 418 ( H 3.18 229b ).

(b) privation, want, absence: d.¤ charath nó coibdelach, Ériu vii 172 . masa dhith ōir no ilmāine fil fort, Marco P. 25 . ní fuil neach a nd.¤ bidh ná étaig innti, RC xxiv 383 . ag ēg do dhigh ┐ do gorta, Lib. Flav. ii 9 va 20 . díoth lóin ar lucht na heachtra | ní cóir, A. Ó Dálaigh xxx 6 . más d.¤ leat mo leithéidsi, Ériu ix 2 . do d.¤ : is do dith na flatha Find atá int selg-so oca denam in the absence of F., Acall. 3979 . feoil d'ithe do dhith a haithearraigh for want of an alternative, Rule of Tallaght § 73 . cartramhan gu leth fearuinn . . . acht acra dá díoth short of an acre, Public Records 29, report 42 . do dh.¤ an teasa nádúrtha, TSh. 1577 . créad do ghéanadh cách dá nd.¤ how should we all get on without them ? (of women), Dánta Gr. 3.16 . Folld. by neg. clause: do d.¤ nach bhfacaidh an tighearna because he did not see, Maguires of F. 50 . With prec. AR: ar dhí suain, Rel. Celt. ii 306 . dáoine ar dhíth creidimh unbelievers, 1 Corinth. xiv 23 .

(c) what is needful, necessary: ba d.¤ in fiadhnaisea roraidhisa frisseom there was need of . . ., Aen. 587 . líg as d.¤ dūin ┐ ní máine 'tis the flagstone we want, ZCP i 256 .

Compds. díth-ár destructive slaughter , Fél. Ep. 104 . bar ndún-si do díthḟaglad (dithḟoglad, v.l.) 'to despoil your fortress', Leb. Cert.² 1740 . Fer D. dithmilidh mac Damain death-dealing warrior, ZCP x 304 .

? dithnenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? dithnenn or dil.ie/16886

 

ind d.¤ tlacht , Ériu vii 199 = iarna dith ima t., ib. 6 .

do-acmaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-acmaing or dil.ie/17109

 

Forms: tacmaingid, tachmaingid, -tacmaing, tacmoing, tacmaingheas, -tacmongar, doacmongat, thacmainget, dan-accmaic, tacmaic, tacmungad, tacmainged, tacmaicead, tacmaicced, doacmaised

(* to-ad-com-icc-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 554 ) Later as simple vb. tacmaingid, tachmaingid. IGT Verbs § 65 . Indic. pres. (a) 3 s. -tacmaing, TBC-I¹ 2552 . Moling § 18 . tacmoing, BDD § 91 . Auraic. 1960 . rel. tacmaingheas, BB 16c48 . Pass. -tacmongar, ZCP xii 364.33 . 3 pl. doacmongat, Ériu ii 130 . ni thacmainget , TBC-I¹ 1465 . (b) 3 s. dan-accmaic, LL 237b40 . tacmaic, Corm. Y 586 . Impf. 3 s. (a) tacmungad, Tur. 127a ( Thes. i 493 ). tacmainged, BDD 61 ( tacmaicead , v.l.). (b) tacmaicced, BDD 38 . Condit. 3 s. doacmaised, LL 117b22 .

(a) Intrans. with co, coricci, or similar prep. reaches (as far as), extends (to): tacmungad [cu] a adbran[n] which reached to his ankle, Tur. 127a . tacmoing in mong . . . dóib co braine a n-imdae, BDD 91 . tacmaicced a bél íchtarach co a glún, 38 ; 61 . doacmongat a n-ulchi conicce a n-imlinda, Ériu ii 130 . ní thacmainget dó ind ōic acht corici a gūalni, TBC-I¹ 1465 . dia follaigthe . . ., doacmaised a múrtraide dó cotice a dī leiss would have reached to his thighs, LL 117b22 . contacmaing in carpat sin . . . co luas faindle tar cend machairi maigslēbe traverses , TBC-I¹ 2552 . amail tacmainges barr in craind tar bun in craind, Laws i 32 . Occas. trans. in this sense: tacmaic snechta ferna fer, Corm. Y 586 . ni tacmaicet a beoil lar tige, Laws iv 412.21 . cairge na tacumainget tir, v 484.27 Comm. Of sense of touch: ní tachmuingter acht ní substaintech, O'Gr. Cat. 237 .

(b) Trans. encompasses; includes, comprehends: issed mod danaccmaic glacc fir inraic in crand a man's grasp can barely reach round the shaft, LL 237b40 ( TTr. 1550 ). nír tacmhaic a glac é re[a] mhét, SG 18 . ise in sruth sin timcellus ┐ tacmaingheas uili talmain nAtheoipe, BB 16a48 . bi tinnes ann tacmhuinges in cenn uili, 3 C 19, 60 vb 30 . tacmhainngidh mí na gréine spás .30. lá, O'Gr. Cat. 246 . Fig. conas tacmaing tlacht in trefocuil `the protection of the Trefocul encompasses them', Auraic. 1960 . ni thacmaingend in chanoin acht triur do macaib Adaim the Canon contains (i.e. mentions) only three sons, Lec. 66a9 . Hence used exceptionally as intrans. is included, contained, finds room: co nach tuilleadh ┐ nach tacmaingeadh i n-ichtar aibheisi na habhann, MR 102 .

do-formaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-formaig or dil.ie/17679
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: doformaig, dofórmgat, tórmaig, tórmais, dorórma(i), doforma, thormassíd, tormaisead, duforma, dofoirmsed, dorormacht, dorormachtatar, doformagar, tórmagar, doḟormmagddar, tormastar, dufórmastar, doformastar, durormacht, tórmachte, tórmachtai, tormachtai, tormach, tormaigid

v (* to-for-mag-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 573 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. doformaig, Ml. 55c20 . 3 pl. dofórmgat, Sg. 53a11 . Ipv. 2 s. tórmaig, Ml. 105d4 . Subj. pres. 2 s. mani tórmais , Sg. 208a2 . 3 s. cia dorórma(i) , Críth G. 263 (with -ro-). curab an-othrus doforma , Laws v 150.18 Comm. 2 pl. ni thormassíd , Thes. ii 292 . Subj. impf. 3 s. cia tormaisead , BDD § 2 . Fut. 3 s. duforma, ZCP iii 451.23 . Condit. 3 s. dofoirmsed, Ml. 35a17 . Perf. 3 s. dorormacht, Hib. Min. 337 . 3 pl. dorormachtatar, O'Curry 783 ( H 3.18 366b ). Pass. pres. s. doformagar, Sg. 67a12 . ní tórmagar , 202a2 . pl. doḟormmagddar, 28b18 . Subj. pres. s. dia tormastar , Ml. 20a19 . Fut. s. dufórmastar, 105a8 . doformastar, LU 3345 ( SCC § 13 ). Perf. durormacht, Ml. 90d1 . Part. tórmachte, Sg. 208b13 . pl. tórmachtai, 53a11 . See tormachtae. Vbl. of necess. bed tormachtai gl. amplianda, Ml. 88a14 . Vn. tormach. In later Mid.Ir. as simple vb. tormaigid.

(a) increases, amplifies (trans. and intrans.), somet. with DO of pers. affected: dofórmaich (sic leg., -maith, MS.) fochricc dosom sochude du creittim tria precept, Wb. 1b5 . doformagar pendait do suidib la diri (i.e. ecclesiastics have both penance and `díre'-fine), Laws v 52.24 . Cf. Ériu xii 6 § 4 . doformaig ar less, Arch. Hib. iv 204.20 . doformaig a ánae it increaseth his wealth, Fél. Ep. 195 . prímmartir donformaig `who enlarges us', Fél. Oct. 18 . d.¤ sāiri (.i. tormaigid eneclann du neoch), Laws v 108 (text and Comm.). cid mor in tepersain ┐ in fleochad, ni thormaiget na bainde, PH 6366 (intrans.?). notchrínat, ní thormaiget (= nít-th.) they waste you instead of increasing you, Triads 223 . dia tormastar a mét, Ml. 20a19 . ni rothormacht a llín nāch a n-āiriumh, Ériu ii 128 § 92 . ó doérghedh a ferg . . . nótormaighedh a gnimradha gaile, CCath. 358 . Oppd. to do-gaib (-dígaib): cipé bess hi manistir . . . ná dí[g]bad, ná tormaiged | a riagail nó a recht, LB 234 marg. sup. is sain-recht i ndigabar, | i tormagar cuit there are special conditions for diminishing and increasing rations, ZCP xiii 28 . conā tormaigfed nó nā digebad cid a oen fhocul dia briathraib, Mon. Tall. § 61 (or in meaning (b)?).

Intrans.: dofórmgat isin dírruidiguth which increase in the derivation (of derivatives formed by a suffix), Sg. 53a11 . ce doformaighsaid gradha, ni tormaig sét biata, O'Curry 783 ( H 3.18 366b ). acht cia tormaisead feoil na fortchi foraib unless the flesh . . . should increase on them (?), BDD § 2 . rothormaighetar na toirthe the fruits multiplied, MR 100 . tórmaiget techta o tuscurntib messengers exaggerate through their inventions, Anecd. v 2 = tormaigit techtaire, Alex. 833 . . . . ceilibh tormaigheas do gradaibh flatha `tenants that advance (= enhance?) the grades of chiefs', Laws iv 382.10 Comm. In follg. cases the construction may be impers.: mani torma selbh unless there is an increase of stock, Laws iv 288.y Comm. muna tormaigea bithbinchi, iii 172.16 . mani torma tlacht .i. muna roib étach aige aga thoirithin, O'Dav. 1505 = Laws iv 36.4 .

(b) adds (with FOR of that which is added to, less often FRI): nach ní dorormacht septin . . . dorat Cirine obail fair whatever the Septuagint added, Hib. Min. 337 . genmotha inni rothormachtatar filid except what poets added, Auraic. 21 . doformaig cech peccad for alaile ndo, Ml. 55c20 . durormacht cech n-olc for alaill, 90d1 . dufórmastar cech fechtnaige for araili doib, 105a8 . noco tormaigenn ni ar muic oirc do breith it adds nothing to (the value of) a pig, Laws iii 244.4 . ni tormaig sin fiacha ormsa that lays me under no additional obligation, Ériu viii 56 . tormaig cumaid form, Festschr. Stokes 4 . is dialt duformaidh gach n-ae dib for alaili each adds a monosyllable to the preceding one, Auraic. 776 . im tri cēd cruimther n-ōgh | fors-tormag grādh on whom he confers orders, Mart. Don. Mar. 17 = forsa dtormaigh gráidh, Keat. iii 282 . tormaighter dam traig gach bliadain for and inis, Anecd. i 63 . arna tormastar fort iliuna, Ériu viii 173 . leth dorormacht elada ┐ frichnum uirri, amail tormaiges ar gach n-oigi the half that art and diligence have added to its value as they add to the value of all artistic work, Laws v 82.5 Comm. a-n-as tórmachte ipse fris when `ipse' is added to it, Sg. 208b13 . ní tórmagar frisuidi gl. additur, 202a2 . in dā fidh doformaighet (doformaigitar, v.l.) frisna cūic feda the two vowels which they add to the five (original ones), Auraic. 260 .

do-indnaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-indnaig or dil.ie/17889
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: doindnaich, do-n-indnig-som, tonindnaig, tinnagat, do-ndn-indinsin-se, duindainsed, tindnised, do-dn-indnasti-se, do-n-indin, -tidnastis, duécomnacht, do-n-écomnacht, tecomnacht, dorindnacht, doindnagar, tindnagtar, doindnastar, doindnasatar, doindnastar, doinnasatar, doindnacht, doécomnacht, teícomnacht, do-r-rindnacht, thinnachtae, tindnacol, doidnais, do-ridnacht, dorignacht, doeccomnacht, doridhnacht, rot(h)idnacht, tidnastar, doridnacht, tidnaicid, doridnaic, tidnacad, tindlaig-, dosrindlacht, doninnlaic, tindlacan, tidlaig-, tidlacad, tidnais, tidnais, t[h]idnuis

v (* to-ind-anag, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 456 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. doindnaich, Sg. 27b12 . do-n-indnig-som, Wb. 28a17 . tonindnaig, LL 13889 . 3 pl. rel. tinnagat, Ml. 93a20 . Subj. impf. 1 s. do-ndn-indinsin-se, Wb. 9b7 . 3 s. duindainsed, Ml. 78b18 . mani tindnised , Wb. 4b13 . 2 pl. do-dn-indnasti-se, 9b7 . Fut. 3 s. lasse do-n-indin , 13b29 . Condit. 3 pl. -tidnastis, Fing. R. 896 . Perf. (with -com-) 2 s. duécomnacht, Ml. 77c5 . 3 s. óre do-n-écomnacht , Wb. 1a1 . rel. tecomnacht, 26d23 . (with -ro-) dorindnacht, SR 124 (see GOI § 533 ).

Pass. pres. s. doindnagar, Wb. 16d14 . pl. rel. tindnagtar, 15c2 . Subj. pres. s. doindnastar, Ml. 142d1 . pl. doindnasatar, Wb. 17a2 . Fut. s. doindnastar, Ml. 46c20 . pl. doinnasatar, 30c17 . Pret. doindnacht, ACL iii 296 § 43 . Perf. (with -com-) doécomnacht, Wb. 14c33 . frisa teícomnacht , 19c8 . (with -ro-) do-r-rindnacht, 20d15 (see GOI § 533 ). Part. thinnachtae, Ml. 126d12 . Vn. tindnacol.

In Mid.Ir. the above stem is generally replaced by follg.:

(a) do-idnaig-: Fut. 2 s. doidnais, ZCP iii 210.12 ( LU 9633 ). Perf. 3 s. do-ridnacht, SR 1469 , 2020 , etc., dorignacht, 2672 . doeccomnacht .i. doridhnacht , O'Dav. 792 . rot(h)idnacht, SR 1977 , 2633 , etc. Pass. fut. s. tidnastar, ZCP ix 454.26 . PH 5144. 6918 . Perf. doridnacht, Ériu iv 158.18 . Fél. Nov. 12 v.l., Anecd. ii 9.5 . Later as simple vb. tidnaicid (note also perf. 3 s. doridnaic, Alex. 632 ). Vn. tidnacad.

(b) tindlaig-: Perf. dosrindlacht, IT iii 64.6 (= dosrinnlach, 22 ); doninnlaic (dotnindlaic, v.l.), O'Dav. 1522 ; usually as simple vb., vn. tindlacan.

(c) tidlaig-, treated as simple vb., vn. tidlacad.

(d) tidnais-: ipv. 2 s. tidnais comarli dam, MacCongl.² 29.892 . pret. 3 s. tidnais oen dó, MacCongl.² 20.613 . messi t[h]idnuis robud duit araír, MacCongl.² 27.852 .

See IGT Verbs § 56 .

(a) gives, bestows, grants, hands over (with DO of recipient): translates Lat. largiri, Ml. 93a20 ; contribuere, 78b18 ; distribuere, Sg. 27b12 ; tradere, Wb. 4b13 , 9b7 , 13b29 . Ml. 126d12 . mrechtrad inna ndáne tindnagtar do chách, Wb. 15a2 . in soinmigi duécomnacht dun, Ml. 77c5 . dorindnacht soas do Chummain, Fél. Nov. 12 . rí doridnacht talam tlacht | do Adaum, SR 1469 . rí rothidnacht do doenib | domun cona degmóinib, 1977 . ni tidnaic deorad De what a pilgrim bestows, Laws v 438.16 . co nus-tidnaicce Dia duit bethaid suthain, PH 6631 . i n tan na tidnaicc do bochtaib a chuit áine, 8373 . in spirut nóeb . . . tínaiced a rath in bale is áil dó, 5493 . tidnaig a dig do, Anecd. i 14.19 . tindlaicc dam aeib is eolus, BB 399a31 . caith a ndothidnacht Dia duid, Ériu i 46.9 . cid mor maithiusa notidnaiced in toictiu dó, CCath. 1090 . soilse ind Righ thidnaicis in flaith; soilse na noeb dia tidnacar, Ériu ii 144 § 161 . With omission of obj.: acht mad doene anforbthi . . . dōib-sede nī thidnaice, ACL iii 316 § 44 = doib noco comtidnais, LB 261a55 . Rarely with accus. of pers.: bendac[h]fuid cāch, cac[h] oc a bennochad; tidnocfaid cāch, cāch oc a t[h]idnocol, ZCP ix 455 . With FOR of pers.: méit donindnagar fornni fochith, Wb. 14b15 . Of offering in sacrifice: muirfidhter da fer .x. gach lai ┐ tidnaicfidhter dona deib, Ériu v 154 . Delivers up, hands over: [du]ecomnacht Dia in cathraig hi lāma Cald, Ml. 54c18 . morfessur clainne Saóil | dosridnacht Dauid . . . | i lamaib Ammoníta, SR 6747 . mani bed drochduine he, ni thindlécmais-ne det-siu he, PH 2699 . mairc . . . don tí triasa tídnustar mac duine fri croich, 5144 . do tionnlaicedh O Donnabhán do M., Cog. 88.2 . go dtiodhlaicidh an Tighearna thú ar dtuitim do láthair do námhad (= tradat te Dominus corruentem ante hostes tuos), TSh. 9705 . Hands down (of tradition, etc.): is é rotomais ina fuil itir firmamint ┐ grēin ┐ doridnacht do rimairib, Laws i 28.12 ( SR 124 ). tidnaic sen do tsin one senior conveys (tradition) to another, 36.19 . isuide dodnidnaig cluais do cluais do comceniuil (of a claim regarding tenure of land which is based on family tradition), iv 286.1 .

(b) brings, conveys, conducts (this sense seems confined to stem tidlaic- or tindlaic-): co ba trí do hinnlaicedh don Róimh eiséin thrice it was taken to Rome, SG 31.37 . ratinnlaicidh ar amus Comghaill iat, KMMisc. 321 v.l. § 4 n. 1 . guidh an Coimdhiu . . . co rotidlaici tu cusan creidem, RC x 184 .

do-meil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-meil or dil.ie/18087
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tomil, -thoimled, do-m-meil, du-melam, d-a-melat, dorromiul, tormal, d-a-romle, doroimle, -toroimle, tormala, -thormalat, d-a-melad, thoimled, doromlad, do-s-melmais, domeltis, -tomel, -thoiméla, doromult, tormult, dus-ro-mailt, dorumalt, tormailt, doromaltatar, toml-, toiml-, tomel-, toiml-, tormal-, rothormala, toimél-, doróimless, doromel, tarmaltad, tormalt-, tomailt

v (* to-mel-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 577 ). Ipv. 2 s. tomil, Wb. 6c7 . 3 s. -thoimled, 11b18 . Indic. pres. 3 s. rel. do-m-meil, 6c7 . 1 pl. du-melam, 13c12 . 3 pl. d-a-melat, 10c3 . Subj. pres. 1 s. dorromiul, LL 285b38 . arna tormal , Ml. 119b6 . 2 s. d-a-romle, FB § 62 . doroimle, § 17 . 3 s. -toroimle, Laws ii 374.11 . cia tormala , 342.3 . 3 pl. -thormalat, ZCP xiii 28 § 4 . Impf. 3 s. d-a-melad, Wb. 10d3 . nach thoimled , 11b18 . doromlad, Ml. 36a29 . 1 pl. do-s-melmais, Ml. 111b15 . 3 pl. domeltis, Wb. 10c3 . Fut. 1 s. -tomel, LL 285b38 . 3 s. -thoiméla, FDG² 8.229 . Perf. 1 s. doromult, Corm. s.v. fogamur . ní tormult , Wb. 18a10 . 3 s. dus-ro-mailt, IT i 109.4 . dorumalt, SR 2909 . dia tormailt , 2804 . co tormalt, 6171 . 3 pl. doromaltatar, PH 5109 . In Mid.Ir. often treated as simple vb., stem toml-, toiml- (somet. tóiml- in LB); subj. tomel-, toiml-, tormal- ( co rothormala , PH 5080 ); fut. toimél-; s.-pret. (by back-formation 1 s. doróimless, Fél.² cxl gl. Sept. 8 . 3 s. doromel, MacCongl. 7.3 ). ná tarmaltad , LU 4281 , is perh. a pret. pass. formed from stem tormalt-.

Vn. tomailt (see also tormailt).

Spends, consumes, uses up: quia luna tomel diem solis 'since it is the moon which consumes the solar day' Ériu lvii 13-14 (Munich Computus) . toimhéla .i. caithfidh, O'Cl.

(a) Esp. of food eats: edo .i. domeilim, Corm. Y 774 . edo toimlim, 619 . léic uait inna biada milsi et tomil innahí siu dommeil do chenél, Wb. 6c7 . ce dumelmis cech tuari, 10c21 . tomail in séire, SR 2905 . gebid in mbairgin-sea ┐ tómlid hi, PH 2989 . cip é thóimles bairgin in choimded, 5342 . toiméldait . . . corp ┐ fuil in choimded, 2998 . mine thomhlidh m'fuil 's mo c[h]orp, RC xxxvii 345 § 7 . atbél-sa . . . mani tomliur in lus sin, Trip.² 2349 . rotbia fiss uilc ┐ maithiusa acht co tomli aen uball don chrund, MacCarthy iii 52.25 . ceand cach mbíd int iesc, ar do tomail Isu é, Corm. Y 736 . toimleth in ingen (= bibebat), Lat. Lives 68.8 . ni thoimlit fín tria bithu, Marco P. 175 . feoil ┐ bainni notomuiltea leo, 36 . co tormolaind mo lór dona lendaib somillsi, MacCongl. 83.11 . nír thóimless mír no banna, 23.23 . lansoer in sealb domelar fer ┐ arbur; letsaor int sealb na tomelar acht fer no arbur nama the grass and corn of which is used for pasture or food, Laws iv 20.24 Comm. bundsacha . . . do chur os na lothraib asa tomlitis na coerig a cuitig, LB 114a24 . immalle dathómlitís a próind, RC ii 392 § 22 . co tormalaind praind, Metr. Dinds. iii 390 . is annsin domeilti feis Temrach, RC xv 283 § 26 . doroimliur in fleid dot méis may I partake of, ZCP i 497.11 . an bord dia rothomail in Slanaightheoir in suiper deigenach, Fl. Earls 200.10 . ind fhairend rotomlithea ó biastaib, RC xxv 236 § 6 . Used absolutely: nir thomail ┐ nír suan C. co matain, FB § 57 . ní choitél, ní thoimél, MacCongl. 61.25 . in clar ar ar thomail Naem Muiri, YBL 169a50 . rothomailset comdar doithenaich, RC xxiv 196.10 . Ruminates: na raip domela[t] na ba . . . na ruip na toimela[t] na capuill . . ., O'D. 585 ( H 3.17 446 ).

(b) Of time: ar ná tormal mo saigul n-uile i ndóiri that I may not spend my whole life, Ml. 119b6 . is amlaid domel Conchobar a fhlaith: a trian ind lái oc decsain, etc., TBC-I¹ 369 . toimlid for rē mar cach sruith, SR 4739 . dorumalt Moysi . . . ann tres raind a aimsire, 3783 . collá dot daim . . . uaire doromailt do ré thou hast spent thy time (thy time is up), LL 246a8 . co tormalta di bliadain ar míle (co rochateá, LU), Imr. Brain ii 286.35 . conadh amlaid sin domhelit a mbethaidh, Marco P. 183 . nin-toiméla leth a sháiguil he will not live out half his days, ZCP xii 236 § 55 . romarastair C. co tormail .ix. ndine a nÉrinn he outlived nine generations, IT iii 193 . co tomaltus (co tormalt, co rormalt-sa, v.l.) na cenéla sin uli, Imr. Brain ii 292.3 .

(c) Of clothing: ní tormult . . . for n-étach, Wb. 18a10 . techta fuillema gill étaig fognama . . . domelar cach dia of the working-dress that is worn every day, Laws v 398.1 . domelair tlacht cen corcair let us wear, ZCP xiii 278.21 .

(d) In various applications makes use of, enjoys, exercises: maisse dóine nístoimled of men's wealth he used not to partake, Hy. ii 5 (glossed nís-caithed). dorumalt Dauid . . . a horddan, a hairechass, SR 6989 . doroimle banrígnacht úas bantrocht Ulad mayst thou enjoy . . . the sovranty of queenship, FB § 17 . doromla Banba mbarrbricc he shall enjoy (i.e. possess) B., LL 4513 . ba cōir cen co tomled E. in ferand it was right that E. should not possess the land, 1539 . ma ratocad damsa as me domelad and argat-sa it is I who should use, Anecd. i 5.18 . cia tormala dia fuillium though he consume somewhat of its interest, Laws v 520.3 ( .i. cid gu n-a somuine caithes e, 12 Comm.) ( Ir. Recht 66 § 9 ). rige dorumaltsa .l. mbliadan I have enjoyed (exercised) kingship, RC xxv 24 § 4 . toimled . . . ord saer na sacerdóte let him exercise, SR 4487 . ro toimli breith na físi se mayst thou experience (the fulfilment of) the interpretation of this vision, RC xv 429 § 6 . mairg dorumalt a n-imned dorumalt-sa who has experienced (taken) the trouble I have, FB § 88 . da mbeth . . . ingen ar chóicait acum dobertha duit-siu co tormalta ben díb that thou mightst have (enjoy) one of them for thy wife, RC xiii 38 § 4 . ni thomel-sa mo mnai, D IV 2, 53va33 . cachtsus rosacht ind rígain | . . . | úair ná tarmaltad a suth | co tarmartad a lécud since no offspring from her had been enjoyed (?), LU 4281 ( SG 84.18 ). gein bad chumma fri Cormac, | a Dé, in tormalt domun? has the world known any offspring like C.? Metr. Dinds. i 36.112 (`hath the world devoured'? cf. follg. section).

(e) Occas. with specific sense of wears out, wastes, consumes (but this perh. *dī-mel-, CMMucr. 119 n. 370 ; cf. dímelte): cia dosroimli aes ┐ fognam though age and service may have wasted them (of cattle), Laws ii 316.18 ; 314.36 Comm. domail a déda frisin ngai it wears out (?) its teeth (of a bear), CCath. 3668 (or from meilid grinds).

dorchaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dorchaigid or dil.ie/18309

 

v (dorchae)

(a) Intrans. grows dark; is eclipsed: radorchaigh th' fholt indiú, TBC-LL¹ 3652 . ro-dhorchaid ┐ ro-forruamnig (of an animal), PH 7209 . mar rodorchaig in tene, LL 210b12 . ro-dorchaidsetar ar n-gnuisi, Mer. Uil. 106 . dorchaighit (-aidhit, MS.) na neoill, Aen. 102 . rodorchaid in grian, KMMisc. 144 § 3 . o rodhorchaigh an adhaigh, GJ iv 106 . acht co ndorchaiged agaid (= adaig) forru, SG 62.20 . do dhorchaidh gné an aoil | bheith re taoibh do chnis, 3 C 12, 42.11 . do dhorchuigh an ré, Keat. Poems 495 . Vn. iar ndorchugud a rosc, Alex. 28 . atá an taér . . . ag dorchughadh ` lowring ', Matthew xvi 3 . slighi gan dorcadugad, Lib. Flav. i 32rbz . iar ndorchogud F. after F.'s death, ZCP ix 466.13 (cf. dorchad).

(b) Trans. darkens, makes dark: dar an rígh . . . do dorchaigh anocht mo niamh, Ériu i 97.22 . rondorchaig éc anapaig, Arch. Hib. ii 84 § 26 . in t-ēg gor dhorchaid a dreach, BB 61a29 . dorchuidhid síad a naighthe, Matthew vi 16 . an néall . . . do dhorchuigh tlacht na cathrach caoimhe, Keat. Poems 1575 . Reflex. co rosdorchaig grian the sun darkened, PH 675 . Vn. dobered . . . crē uime do dorchugud a datha, Lec. 442b38 . arna tīsad diamrugud (no dorcugudh, St.) dia timthaigib na rígmac dirtying , TBC-LL¹ 573 . dims (the sight): da caiter hi . . . dorcaidhi an radharc, 23 O 23, 21a2 . doníd . . . nél air (i.e. the cornea) ┐ dorchaidhidh in radarc, 3 C 19, 104va4 . dorchuidhthear a súile iondus nach bhfaicfid, Psalms lxix 23 .

Fig. obscures: tabhar th'aire nach dorchuigheann . . . sin ar meas air phais ar ttigherna, Luc. Fid. 221.9 . is fusa an ghrian do mhúchadh iona an Eagluis do dhorchughadh, Eochairsg. 13.15 (perh. intrans.). Clouds, depresses: imdugud lenna deirg noch dorchaidhus ┐ buaidrius na spirta, 23 F 19, 17vb5 . lionn dub . . . ag dorchugad na hanma, 3 C 19, 77vb11 .

2 éim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 éim or dil.ie/19800
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj prompt, ready, timely : éimh .i. ésgaidh, luath, ullamh no maith, O'Cl. airlicud éim `ready hiring' Tec. Corm. § 3.33 . corop éim ar cobair úaib, LL 308b3 = SG 389.20 . corbo éim ┐ corbo ellam, MU 8.32 = LL 262b46 . Boand ainm ind usci éim ( : reim), Ériu vii 229.23 . ferais failte uasail ēimh, ZCP viii 219 § 16 . ina toraind eolaich éim (: rēidh), BB 162a17 . As adv. : taric éim (v.l. eim, em, emh) frit toscai comes quickly Fél. July 19 ; cf. Metr. Dinds. ii 10.11 . Ériu vii 223.13 . érig suas co héim, LL 307a11 = SG 386.23 . inmis E. go héimh | ann soin cealg n-aghmhar n-aigmhéil, 3 C 12, 198 . is é dom it is timely, opportune, for me : it tromda na fuli formsa, ba héim dam mo íc, TBC-I¹ 1807 . is é.¤ lim I deem it timely, seasonable (?) : ni cotalta co mba ēim lat (until you are drowsy?) ZCP iii 29.36 . eim .i. maith, ut est tain ba heim leis imghabail na sleige, O'Curry 1366 ( H 3.18, 625 ). badid nemhethar (leg. n-éimithir), TFrag. 44.7 .

i néim, anéim (< ind éim?) timely, prompt, opportune: is téoir ineim...bar C. Cid teoir ineim duitsiu é, ní ba teóir anéim dúnni it is timely aid, said C. Though timely for thee, it is not so for us TBC-LL¹ 2970 ( = tóir anemh, St ; is cobar in inneimib, TBC-I¹ 2189 ). dom ficibsa [sic] cobuir cōir | fo bithin is tōir a n-ēimh ( : réil), ZCP x 47.22 . rop slán aneim damsa so, TBC-LL¹ 2416 . inéim rop slán 2417 = iniam bid slán, TBC-I¹ 1750 . (The expression in-éim must be distinguished from the adj. anéim untimely, unready : an-, am-, diultadaig...amal rongab nath ┐ annath, eim ┐ aineim, Corm. Y 23 ). ba émh tar anem, CCath. 552 . (na hob eim nachit-tair aneim reject not the timely lest thou be overtaken by the untimely. vl. add.) Freq. in etymological glosses, e.g. mani toir etach co héim, gl. on : muna torma tlacht , Laws iv 36.16 . ni himaircide .i. ni heim airechta, Auraic. 3159 . See Laws vi 295 .

etsad, estad, autsad, itsad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. etsad, estad, autsad, itsad or dil.ie/20933

 

Forms: isdadh, estadh, -aidh

n u, o, n., later m. isdadh estadh (g s. -aidh) IGT, Decl. § 11 .

(a) treasury, storehouse: fo chosmailius...daingnigther imm etsad n-infolgide about a hidden treasury (gl. ad instar thesauri abditi) Ml. 51d8 . tegdasi adamra co scrinaib...co n-itsadaibh mbrechtnaighib, Hib. Min. 7.226 (co n-istodoib, Harl.). Fig.: audsud n-ecnai amal Solmhoin a treasury of wisdom (of a saint) Trip. 62.4 . etsud n-ecnai, 256.19 . istud ecnai 482.24 . estud n-eccna, Anecd. ii 19.8 . estud ecnai, iii 42.20 . ro ḟaillsigestar a histadu uli do A. (a ṡeodu v.l.), Alex. 794 .

(b) an abode, dwelling-place, residence; retreat: Temair Luachra...iss inti atát na histoda ┐ na forgnama, LL 264b15 = MU 18.22 . istudh flatha...in cathair sin an abode of sovereignty (of Babylon) CCath. 21 . ba dúnárus adhamhra ┐ iostadh flatha dia cenél-somh an caistíall, Hugh Roe, 32.12 (f. 9a) . iostadh aoibhind airerda (of Tower of Breogan), Leb. Gab.(i) i 208.30 . léicc in cathraigh ina histudh coitchenn atraibh as a common dwelling-place between you CCath. 1669 . Parrthus talmhaidi...doberta foran n-istadh sin that abode was called the Earthly Paradise (of a palace) Marco P. 12 . leth an istudha robai ocin Féind in comfat robítis a Temraig, Acall. 5310 n. sé histudha flatha (i.e. Assyria, Media, Persia, etc.), CCath. 1 . doronad istada re broinn seilgi lais a ndiamhair in ḟeda...do boicshimnibh hunting-lodges Marco P. 49 . robatar fasaighe foda mon cathraig...gin duinti gin istada leo, 28 . inmhain tlacht a hisdadh n-úr `of its bright apartments' O'Gr. Cat. 474.17 . Fig.: dob é a esdadh do bhrú bháingheal, IGT, Decl. ex. 355 . istudha na hanma .i. áe ┐ inchinn ┐ craidhe..., CCath. 2094 . re hinnarba h'anma a cuas-istadaib do chuirp, MR 294.2 .

Cf. dligid cach tir autsad di neoch suidigthir fris every territory should have [i.e. provide] an abode Laws iv 188.11 . autsa[d] .i. aiti soidh ut est cidh forsa suighedh techta cana tafuinn do autsudhaibh thuaithe .i. aite soidh nó aitib na mbritheman, O'Dav. 101 . etsad .i. eitsoad, O'Mulc. 459 . COMPD. istad-loc place of treasure, treasury: dabach humai, istudloc, SR 4198 . ní thalla ar mataidecht ar ndís isin istadluc-sa `in this treasure-house' (humorously of the stomach) MacCongl. 101.16 = LB 219a72 . istu[d]loc toghaidhi do ecna Dé (of a saint), BColm. 104.26 .

ferdacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ferdacht or dil.ie/21706
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ferdhacht, ferthacht, —a

n ā, f. (ferda) ferdhacht, ferthacht, g s. n p. —a, IGT, Decl. § 26 (sometimes wrongly used for feracht, q.v.)

(a) manhood; virility, manliness : la firu ferdacht, la mná mifre, LL 119b18 . fri f.¤ findcháid ` heroism ' Metr. Dinds. iii 164.2 . ge airmid dliged chendachta acan ḟir ar ferrdacht ł ar foruaisle 'though the man may be reckoned to have the rule of headship on account of [his] manhood or on account of superior rank', CL 100 xviii . inghean acc Fionn, fearrdha an bhean, | ... | fearrdhacht ro thríall, tōla tlacht, | ┐ ro thréicc a bandacht, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 110.17 . Cf. fearrdhacht fionnchoir .i. neart eolais O'Cl. manhood, man's estate: aos ógáin, feardhacht ┐ seanórdhacht TSh. 5277 .

(b) the male pudenda: co n-acaidh si fearrdacht a fir, BB 39b55 . Metr. Dinds. iii 156.11 v.l. bandacht na mban et ferdachta na fer, Aisl. Tond. 104.23 = ferrdocht, 130.15 .

forgabál, forngabál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forgabál, forngabál or dil.ie/23649

 

Forms: forngabail, forngabáil, forgabhala, Forgabail, Forngabhail

n ā, f.

I

(a) in physical sense grip, clutch: .uii. meóir ... co ngabáil ingni sebaic co forgabáil ingne griúin ar cach n-aí LU 6552 (= forgobail, TBC-I¹ 2036 ). TBC-LL¹ 2725 . Holding fast, keeping back: lie forgabail aru fual constriction RC xii 90 . Of a dam: do sgaoil ar in sruth ┐ ro ḟosgail an ḟorgabail , TBC-LL¹ 3888 St. co hionadh na forgabala, 3878 St (preparations for launching the Gae Bolga).

(b) in Laws forcible or illegal seizure, esp. of exacting a due already paid: ina gabail etechta no ina forgabail (.i. firgabail uimpi dar gellaib ┐ dar airgib), Laws i 90.29 ; cf. i ngabail aithgabala ettechta no inna forngabail , Ir. Recht p. 9 (`Zurückbehalten'). athgabail tar cert a forrngabail, Laws v 256 . is i a forngabail cach athgabala ... cin dia ruicter a breith ... do imluad aitherrach ib. forngabail, O'Dav. 958 . cin gaiti ... ó biudbuidh ina forngabail do fechemuin ina breth tar crich ` recapturing ' Laws i 222.14 Comm. cf. ii 76.22ff. Comm . For ma forngabhaid, ma forngabadh, Laws i 220 the MS ( H 3.17, c. 83 ) has ina forngab- which prob. should be read forngabáil as in Laws i 222.9 , 14 , where MS has same suspension. ar dofuslaicthi fīr cach forrgabail .i. fuaslaicter a firgabail on tī bīs oc gabail ime co inndligthech , H 3.18, 233a17 .

(c) in wider sense seizing by force, capturing: ferann creiche ... ┐ forgabhala, Cog. 40.24 ; 70.7 . la forgabhala Briain `in addition to the capture of B.' AU iii 342 [but the form is either gen. or pl.; leg lá f.¤ ?]. As allegor. npr. m.: Forgabail (one of `sē maccu Mīenich') RC xxiv 280 § 20 = Forngabhail, Anecd. ii 63 (hence, prob.: fornghabhail .i. cruas, O'Cl.).

II Of a method of spear-throwing: fosceirdside issa tír súas in slig, ┐ a mmíl inna tháeb. léciud ón co forgabail, [i.e.] cenéle n-imberta gaiscid, co lluid tarsin tlacht ... ┐ tresin léine baí im A., LL 250b8 ( TBFr. § 18 ).

Cf. 1 forgab.

fortlacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fortlacht or dil.ie/23999

 

Forms: f.

n ( tlacht ) an outside wrap or garment (?) : folt fada ... ┐ forthlacht buidi bocálaind tar a formna siar ... dó, Acall. 3642 n . Here folt and f. may mean the same thing, cf. fortí.

? frithlacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? frithlacht or dil.ie/24510

 

n (frith-tlacht ?) a coiffure, mode of hair-dressing (?): is ed bai ar a cenn f.¤ mná .i. folt fada fathmandchaol ... fo cléith a chinn, Anecd. i 76 . glan a f.¤ osin lind (of a woman) Acall. 7241 n .

ídaltae, ídolde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ídaltae, ídolde or dil.ie/27178

 

adj io, iā, (ídal, ídol)

I pertaining to an idol, magic: don tlacht idhalta the magic robe, TBC-LL¹ p. 367 n. 5 . [i]na tempull Vestallda (v.l. iudalta), CCath. 423. ? To this: a cuic dec Finnachta find | ni ró idalta a [ ], LL 32b39 = nirb idhalt[a] a mhed sa moirn, BB 56b6 .

II As subst., an idol-offering: is cumme doib bid idalte domeltis as though they ate an idol-offering, Wb. 10c3 . is cumme doib bid ídolde gl. quasi idolothitum manducant, 4 .

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