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aidlenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidlenn or dil.ie/886

Forms: faidhlenn, aidhlenn, aidle

n [ā, f.] . faidhlenn, aidhlenn (-gh- v.l.) f. IGT Decl. § 12 . Perh. orig. aidle, g s. -enn, Zimmer, KZ xxx 101 ff. See also Vendr. Lex.

Hook or rack for holding weapons (esp. the `sleg' or 'gae`): roir dam . . . x faidlenda (.i. alcainge co n-imdenum) fo a ngaiscedhuibh, Ériu ii 5.5 . cuna fargaib sleg ar aidlind ná sciath ar berraidi ná claideb ar alchaing i Temair, MU² 495 . ra coraigit / . . . a slega fora n-adlennaib, LL 12965 . co torchratar na gascid dia n-adlennaib, 13777 . gan tocbail airm da aidlind, Irish Texts ii 8.16 . a bheith aonaidhche ar aidhlinn (of a sword), TD 19.8 . ga tuagh is uaisle aidhleann? IGT Decl. ex. 1094 . bráon fola úadh ar aidhlinn / fogha glainṡlim rúadh Raghnuill, ex. 532 . Extended use: gur tuittetar tiagha liubhar Erenn . . . da n-aidhlennaibh so that the satchels of the books of Ireland fell from their racks, Mart. Don. 234.5 . ro fuirmistar ar glan aiglind sceith `boss', MR 234.3 . i cluasaidlind (sic leg.) cathbairr (some projecting part of the helmet covering the ear), MR 298.22 . nach taighlim na trí ceardcha / do shní fhaighlinn mh'aigeanta `wears away the armoury of my mind', Ir. Review 1913, 594 § 4 . Fig. of warriors: a.¤ gaiscid na fiannaigachta hero, Laud 610, 141a2 (Plummer MS. notes). imscarad da a.¤ aíg na Asia, LL 243b26 ( TTr. 1997 ). taoiseach treabh aidhleann airdgliadh, Ó Bruad. iii 54.2 . ropsat aidlenna aimdesa urscailti ar n-athchuma a n-anrad (of wounded warriors), MR 236.15 . scaradh rinn don aidhlinn úir (of a woman), Ó Bruad. iii 226.5 . dá gcuiread tu ar faghloinn féin / madh maol gearr, glacfair oilbhéim (to an old cloak), Hackett lvi 9 . co tracht-aidlennaib bar traiged (of the heel of the foot?), MR 176.z . a.¤ gualann top of the shoulder: co ránic aidlend a gualand, LL 8222 . fri aidleind a gualand, 8449 . fri eglend a da gualann, IT i 271.35 . as haighleannaibh iomdhoimhne . . . na n-oirear (of creeks or inlets), ML 44.27 .

airnise

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airnise or dil.ie/2326
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: oirnisi, oirneisi

n f. collect., later oirnis, oirnéis; oirnisi f. IGT Decl. § 3.17 (oirnis proscribed as incorrect), n s. oirneisi, IGT ib. ex. 190, cf. 219 . implements, tools; vessels, utensils; means, expedient: ness a ainm, is uime dognīther ind aurnaisi criadh round it the earthen vessels are made, Corm. Y 975 ( Anecd. iv 83.24 ). ness ainm don aurnaisi chriadh feisin, ib. (84.3). rucus airnisi ṅgobann la hoscor (.i. cen goibnecht) i.e. the tools of a smith belong to one ignorant of smithcraft, ZCP xv 310 § 5 . gabais airnisi in gobann huili etir bulgu ┐ urdu ┐ indeōin cona cip, viii 304.36 . eneclann a ngoid a oirnisi (of the smith), Laws v 16.3 Comm. im airnisi tsair im airnisi gobann, i 124.3 . ní fuil crodh agum acht ma[d] m'oirnis gaibneachta 'the tools of my smith's craft', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 225 § 62.5 . órd nó túagh nó ball óirnéisi íarruin, 1 Kings vi 7 . don oirnis to thogh Críost ré básughadh bháis, TSh. 8472 . do ghléus sé dhó oirnéis an bháis, Psalms vii 13 . pl. is iad na boill fá hoirnisi ris na holcaibh do dhéanamh, TSh. 6735 . oirneise ḟola an Aird-ríogh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxiv 9 (of Christ's wounds). bhail a rabhadar a foirnisi draoithechta, Ériu iv 51 § 10 .

Cf. airnéis.

bíail, biáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bíail, biáil or dil.ie/5823

Forms: biáil, biail, bíail, bieil, biel, bela, béla, bela, bealaib

n i, m., later also f. (see LU 9031 , Tur. 131 cited below); Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 311 , ii 54 , GOI § 106 , § 302 (fem.). n s. biáil, Sg. 46b6 , biail, 67a6 , Tur. 131 , bíail, LU 9015. bieil, LL 13608 ( Irish Texts i 34 § 6 ). biel, Ériu i 44.3 . g s. in bela , Ml. 112b12 . béla, LL 13582 ( Irish Texts i 33 § 2 ). a pl. bela, O'Mulc. 809. d pl. bealaib, Aisl. Tond. 101 § 2.

Axe, hatchet; battle-axe: gl. securis, Sg. 46b6 , 67a6 , biáil .i. bithail .i. bí fæbar, Thr. Ir. Gl. 7. im biaill .i. bis ina ail ina aititin; no aill ni isin bith, no bith hail le ni na hail .i. in tuath conadh, Laws i 124.14 , 138. z Comm. docer in biail dia samthig, Tur. 131. Of working implements: fidba[e], biáil, gaí gona cethra[e], Críth G. 180. ogam tirda . . . .i. biail, loman, fidba, strathar, Auraic. 5725. nech immaber biail i n-domnach . . . dílsi a bela (belu, beeola, v.ll.), Ériu ii 206 § 27. doḟoíd . . . a gilla . . . co Ecet Salach (i.e. a smith) do chor béla i tenid, LL 13582 ( Irish Texts i 33 § 2 ). co laignib ┐ bacaib ┐ belaib, Dinds. 20.4 . cia buailter do bielaib ┐ ordaib, Ériu ii 114 § 44. cárna samaisci do indarggain fo thál ┐ béuil (biail, v.l.), Fraech 227 . i fomailt do bela, do fidbai `for wearing down thy hatchet', Laws i 166.25 . sair ┐ thuithait ┐ cach aes tail ┐ beili, gad ima beli, ii 118.25 Comm. biail imfaebur, for lar rig treibi, iii 272.23 .i. slan don mogaid ma beir ime faebur ac a beil, 25 Comm. = bíail .i. tuagh . . . .i. is [s]lán don mogha faobur a biaile d'imirt ar lar tighi in righ, O'Dav. 313. tairnid . . . in mbial fora munél ┐ a cul rempi, LU 9031 ( FB 78 ). iar cor dó brechta hi fáebur in bélae, 9027 note ( FB 77 ). ider díul an biala, RC xiii 30.9 . beim do biail, 10. fuaim biaili ic brudh bidbadh, CCath. 6077. ro ghabhadar do beimennaib borbnertmara . . . fair do biailibh bellethna `broad-bladed axes', Stair Erc. 2188. rongabh biail mbithgéir ina laimh, AFM iii 178.18 . eatham frichnama, Laws iv 276.5 .i. tir in bela som `axe-land', 15 Comm. In n.loc.: ó Thulaig Béla buide (: ména), Metr. Dinds. iv 226.15 .

cula(i)d

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cula(i)d or dil.ie/13753

Forms: culatha, culadh, culaidh, anchulaidh

n f. at TD 44.8 (and BCC 328.18 ?) cited infra. n p. culatha, Aisl. Tond. 133.z . culadh m., IGT Decl. § 11 (54.5) , culaidh proscribed form, ibid. (22) , so also 'na (sic leg.) chulaidh do-chuaidh rompa, ex. 360 , anchulaidh, ex. 361 .

Equipment, gear; attire, suit: Eochu Raithlinne cen droṅgad / cáin culad, Todd Nenn. 258.272 . ar chlū 's ar chulaidh, O'R. Poems 2005 . eidir chulaidh ┐ deilbh (: bunaidh), PBocht 11A.27 . ger mhór culad ┐ daoine ambói ann equipment(?), ALC ii 238.15 (`guards'). recless . . . cona chulaighe (= -aidib) imme hangings(?), MacCongl. 123.10 . culaigheacha anaithenta iompa, TBC St. 3662 . a threlamh ┐ a culaidh (of carpat serda), 2248 . a culaidh fherrda ris, 3862 . ni fhuil culaidh aguinn do caiplibh ina d'feraibh equipment, BNnÉ 237.30 . gan culaidh a niomchair aicce (of bodies), 117.11 = vehicula, Plummer MS. notes. na culatha le píandís na hanmanna, Aisl. Tond. 133.16 . le daingne na culaidech . . . do bi uime, BCC 328.18 (g s. ? g p. ?). desigh na haltóra ┐ cuir a culaidhecha orra furnishings , 228.23 . easbaidh culaidh is costtais (: pudhair), Bard. P. 39.17 . dob í culaidh an treas troch / seangha ┐ tuagh `munition', TD 44.8 (see n.). i cculadh, i ccosttus, ┐ in armail, AFM vi 2086 . x. mo chulaigh aifrinn mass vestments, Ériu v 98.2 . culadh bróin fa Bhanbha Bhriain, DDána 93.31 . ina ndeisedaib debtha ┐ ina culadaib catha armour , Grail 3318 . sir do chuladh gcaithmhílidh, DDána 97.33 . culaidh chumha, TSh. 5598 . gach uile chulaid eclaisi church furnishing, BCC 98.12 . culaidh gaisgidh, TBC St. 960 . a cculaidh mheirdrighe = with the attire of a harlot, Proverbs vii 10 . an culaidh tshaírse `labouring suit', BCC 60.25 .

Note further: Sean mac E. . . . sáoi dhuine uasuil ara chuladh féin `in his own capacity', ALC i 190.19 . ? is in cath for cula coir so `fought in a proper manner', Laws i 176.23. Comm.

See culad.

dé-ḟaebrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dé-ḟaebrach or dil.ie/15030

Forms: dá-ḟaobhrach, ḟaobhar

adj o-ā (dá + faebur). Two-edged, of swords and axes. tuairgnighe na tuagh ndaingen ndefaebrach (v.l. ndegfaebrach), CCath. 5865 . tuag déáebrach (sic) na láim, TTr.² 1857 . fidba defaebrach ina láim, YBL 208 b 22 . Eg. 1782, 6 a . co claideb ṅd.¤ , PH 4138 . pl. cloidbe deḟoebracha, PH 1205 . go cclaidhmibh défaobhracha, AFM 2126. 5 f.b. — MOD. dá-ḟaobhrach, Coneys. O'R. Dinneen Macd. HSD (c.s.). There is no dáfaobhar two-edged , as Coneys supposed ( dā ḟaobhar , Psalms cxlix 6 , g du).

do-cuirethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-cuirethar or dil.ie/17442
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tochraid, dorala, tarla, tachraid, tochur, tachar, docuire, ducuiredar, du-nd-chuirethar, dochuirethar, docorethar, docuiretar, dochuiret, tochre, tocraid, corathar, -tochrathar, -tochra, dochora, rathochra, -dochrat, tochorad, docorad, nothachrad, -tochratis, ducorastar, dochorastár, tochrastar, rothocair, tochuir, tachair, tochratar, tochradar, tochar, tochuirther, dofocuirther, docuirither, tochradar, docuirter, docuired, tochrad, tuichred, ndichret, tuichret, dofóichred, toichred, docuirfed, tochērat, doceradh, tacerad, dofoicherthar, dindrala, torala, tairle, tarlam, doralus, darolus, tarlus, torlus, tairlius, doralais, fris-tarlais, dusrale, toralae, con-darraile, dorala, tarla, tarlathar, daralsat, doralaighset, doralatar, tarlatar, doralad, duralad, ceta-tarlad, do-t-ralaid, tarlaid, dutárlid, doralta, docuiriur, tochuiriur, tochuirim, docuirethar, dochoirethar, docuiredar, tocuiredar, tócurid, tócuired, tocuirid, docuirifar, dorochurestar, dorochuiristar, rothochurestar, ro-s-tochuir, rothochuir, dorochuirsemmar, rom-tochuirseat, dofocuirther, tocuirfiter, tochuiribthe, tocuiredh, tochuired, rodocuirit, tochur, tochuired, tocuread, do-m-cuirethar, dorala, doscuirither, con-tachrad, tocraid, dorala, dorala, tarla

(* to-cuir-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 501 ), in O.Ir. a deponent vb. used in the senses (1) puts and (2) invites . For the development of meaning (2) see Gaidoz, RC xxiii 91 . In O.Ir. (1) occurs chiefly in 3 s. , often in impers. construction; in subj. and pret. the root la- is used side by side with cuir- and the fut. is supplied by *to-(fo)cherr- (cf. 1 cuirid); in (2) all forms are supplied by *to-cuir-. In later Mid.Ir. *to-cuir- comes to be represented by tochraid (tachraid), treated as a simple vb. and often forming an ē-fut. (see TBC-LL¹ 5707 , Cog. 225.18 = LL 309b3 , Acall. 1137 , Aen. 290 ), while dorala or tarla (the former of which survives as late as the 17th cent.) exists independently in the sense met, happened . The form tachraid may be regarded as a lineal descendant of do-cuirethar, dochuir[id], -tochraid rather than as a distinct denom. vb. formed from the vn. tochur, tachar, the syncopated form (common already in Mid. Ir.) being probably due to the need for distinguishing it from tochuirid invites, in which syncope does not as a rule occur. See GOI § 762 . IGT Verbs § 95 .

Forms.

I In sense puts

(a) Forms from *to-cuir-: Indic. pres. 2 s. docuire, Corm. s.v. taurthait . 3 s. ducuiredar, Thes. ii 19.36 . du-nd-chuirethar, Ml. 35d22 . dochuirethar, BDD 71 . docorethar, 106 . 3 pl. docuiretar, Fianaig. 84 . dochuiret, Metr. Dinds. iii 292 . Ipv. 2 s. tochre, LU 10881 . 2 pl. tocraid, 1486 . Subj. pres. 3 s. do corathar , O'Curry 1999 ( H 4.22 29 ). -tochrathar, Críth G. 418 . -tochra, O'D. 739 ( H 3.17 ( H 3.17, 537 ). dochora, LL 146b . co rathochra , Triads 117 . 3 pl. -dochrat, MacCongl. 99.4 . Impf. 3 s. tochorad, Ml. 44a19 . docorad, BDD 54 . nothachrad, TBC-LL¹ 1180 . 3 pl. -tochratis, RC ix 468.6 . Pret. 3 s. ducorastar, Ml. 52 . dochorastár, LU 5366 (TBC). co tochrastar , IT ii1 184 . rothocair, Metr. Dinds. iii 234 . tochuir, tachair. 3 pl. tochratar, LL 293b25 . tochradar, BB 33b22 , etc. Pass. pres. s. fora tochar (= tocharr, an archaic form), Tur. 14 ( Thes. i 485 ). tarsa tochuirther , Ml. 22c1 . cf. 80b7 and dofocuirther, 18c10 ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 301 ). docuirither, Laws i 170 Comm. Ériu ii 120 § 58 , etc. forsa tochradar , BB 330b22 . pl. docuirter, Anecd. v 24 n. 25 . Pass. pret. docuired, PH 7767 . Imr. Brain i 88 . co tochrad , MacCongl. 37.4 .

(b) Forms from to-(fo-)cherr-: Fut. 3 s. ? in (ní?) tuichred , BB 298a24 ( IT iii 15 ). 3 pl. co ndichret , Ml. 44a16 . ? ni tuichret , IT iii 15.4 . Condit. 3 s. dofóichred, Sg. 130b2 . toichred, ZCP i 66 § 113 . Later formations from *to-cuir-: docuirfed, Lec. 458c7 ; tochērat, TBC-LL¹ 5707 , etc. Cf. doceradh, BB 298a25 = tacerad, IT iii 15 (H)?). Pass. fut. dofoicherthar, BDD § 81 .

(c) Forms from *to-ro-la-: Subj. pres. 2 s. dindrala (= dia ndrala?), Bvi 74 ( Thes. ii 37 ). 3 s. torala, Ml. 43b15 . tairle, Ériu iv 24 ( LL 106a ). 1 pl. co tarlam , Fél. Prol. 319 v.l. Perf. 1 s. doralus, Fél. Prol. 15 . darolus, ZCP iv 44.12 . tarlus, LU 3863 ( SCC § 38 ). torlus, SR 1872 . ? tairlius, BS 48.24 . 2 s. doralais, Alex. 946 . fris-tarlais, ZCP iii 206 . 3 s. dusrale, Ml. 23c16 . co toralae , Corm. Y 698 . con-darraile, LL 272b21 . Mid. Ir. dorala, tarla; tarlathar, TBC-LL¹ 2069 . 3 pl. daralsat, LL 169a15 . Cf. doralaighset (they) happened to be, Fl. Earls 188 . doralatar, tarlatar, PH, etc. Pass. perf. s. doralad, Wb. 13d8 , Ml. 14b12 . duralad, 67d9 . ceta-tarlad, LL 515 . do-t-ralaid, SR 1307 . ni tarlaid , 3668 . ? dutárlid, LU 10938 (perh. fr. *to-ad-ro-luid). pl. doralta, Ériu ii 106 § 19 .

II In sense invites. Indic. pres. 1 s. docuiriur, Sg. 16b8 . tochuiriur, Thes. ii 357.1 . tochuirim, Corm. Y 77 . 3 s. docuirethar, Sg. 61a7 . dochoirethar, Ml. 29b1 . docuiredar, tocuiredar, ZCP xii 364 . tócurid, FA § 1 . Ipv. 3 s. tócuired, PH 5829 . 2 pl. tocuirid, 5614 . Fut. 1 s. docuirifar, Ml. 3a1 . Perf. 3 s. dorochurestar, Ml. 16c6 . dorochuiristar, 25c13 . ní rothochurestar , 18d16 . ro-s-tochuir, Leb. Gab.(i) 234 . rothochuir, PH 4413 . 1 pl. dorochuirsemmar, Sg. 6b18 . 3 pl. rom-tochuirseat, CCath. 983 . Pass. pres. s. dofocuirther, Ml. 18c10 (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 501 ). Fut. pl. tocuirfiter, PH 4346 . Condit. s. ni tochuiribthe , Ml. 128a2 . Pret. co tocuiredh , BB 10a4 , tochuired; rodocuirit (= rotochuiritt), Cog. 74.8 .

Vn. tochur, tochuired.

I As trans. vb. in personal construction

(a) puts, deposits, places , often used as synonym of do-cuirethar or do-beir: is tre ḟír flathemon docuiredar ildelba muir the sea casts up creatures of divers form, ZCP xi 82 = is tré ḟír flatha ildelba il-míli . . . for tráchtaib téchtaib tochratar are deposited (cast up) on shores, LL 293b25 . di[a] ndrala huait if thou put from thee (gl. tolle), Thes. ii 37 . inna hí batar buthi ar thuus, dusrale fodiad he put them last, Ml. 23c16 . is hed doralad hi tossuch, Wb. 13d8 , cf. Ml. 14b12 . in tascair docuirither do tuinn which is deposited by a wave, Laws i 170 Comm. , cf. iv 194 . nech tarsa tochuirther sciath over whom a shield is placed, Ml. 22c1 . ro-tarlait a teinti their fires were placed (i.e. built up), Mer. Uil. 17 . torala Dia ar chēill do degnimu-su may God bring to mind gl. revocetur, Ml. 43b14 . doralus ar m'airi | gréschi occa nguidi, Fél. Prol. 15 . ó doralaim ar m'aire . . . lecca huara (pres. formation based on perf.), AU 877 (poem). tachraid for cēill dāib . . . senscēlai bar muinntire call to mind the traditions of your people, Alex. 191 . Cf. Ériu ii 136 : ar cid aingil nimhe, rosbi crith ┐ uamun intan forathmentar ┐ docuredar ar cēill (leg. forathmenatar ┐ docuretar . . . when they remember and call to mind). dochurusdar Cond an macamh ar comairci Airt placed under A.'s protection, iii 160 . ducorastar Dia deilb mordraige . . . forsinní Dauid, Ml. 52 . tegdais forsa tochar deg-lí anechtair is placed, Tur. 14 . nocon fetur-sa indat ilgné docuirther in folt fair (lit. different ways [in] which the hair is put on him, cf. RC xxiii 91 ), BDD § 105 . forsa tochratis tonna an mara na héicne, RC ix 418 . go rotochuir [an piast] ainbthine dermair forsan muir, BNnÉ 6 . co tocuir tāmnēll fuirri, RC v 199 . doconnairc . . . prinnsa in dorchuttois . . . da tochrad cét cenn fair there were (lit. had been put) a hundred heads, Aisl. Tond. xiv 1 . focherdsat na draoithe gaotha draoidhechta . . . co ttochradh an muirgrian iochtarach for úachtar an mara, Leb. Gab.(i) 256 . cia dám . . . ceta-tarlad for hErend? was first landed, LL 515 . nir tocrad Cessair for rig o sein amach no king was styled Caesar, Lec. 300b49 = ni rotocrad, 304a46 . co ndichret a ndruim fria naimtea will turn their back, Ml. 44a16 , cf. 44b19 . tocraid for ndrommand fri fraigid uli, LU 1486 . dofil in carpat . . . ┐ dorala clār clē frind it has turned its left side to us, TBC-I¹ 1192 (perh. impers.). cléirchin fris tarlais tinne `to whom thou hast shown stiffness', ZCP iii 208 . ni tocrad dam int aitheachmattud glēid frisin coin mōir should not have engaged in fight with, TBC-I¹ 1228 . do-curead cath Ruis F. re Nemed, Lec. 357b2 . rofich cath Naisi fri hEochaid . . . iar cath Chomair fri hEochaid n-eolach trén doralad, 592a26 (cf. do-beir cath). domchurithar Dia isinn abainn, Imr. Brain ii 292 . gidbead dochuirear-sa deit isin dig, nā hob a ōl whatever I put into thy draught, Lec. 155b27 . toichredh a chenn 'sa chuithe he used to plunge his head, ZCP i 66 . rangabusa in n-éicni . . . darolus i lláim na hingine, TBFr. 342 . co ndaralastar (leg. -ralatar) na halma i talmain a chorp the herds trampled his body into the ground, TBC-LL¹ 2056 = gur cuirsit, St. cid ar dotralaid hi cacht? why hast thou been put into durance?, SR 1307 . is i cruinne dorraladh cach dūil . . . is i torachta chruinne doralta na nime, Ériu ii 106 . doscorad (duscorat, v.l.) a triur isin muir plunge into the sea (reflex.), RC ix 460 . is lib-si fessin . . . in chair doralais inar leth-ni the fault you have brought against us, Alex. 946 = Anecd. v 5 . feib leir donralaid do nim | missi ┐ tussu, SR 1787 . conab-torlus a Phardus that I have put you out of Paradise, 1872 . con-dacuired dar cenn was overturned, SG 316 . con-daralsat é 'n-a ágib (i.e. tore him asunder), LL 169a15 .

(b) deposits, produces, brings forth: crann . . . docuiridar tri toraid cacha bliadne, Ériu ii 116 . nói cuill Chrimaill . . . dochuiret tall fon tiprait `drop their fruits', Metr. Dinds. iii 292 (docuredh, tocuread, v.l. perh. pret. pass. have been set, planted round). ba hinund brú rothocair | Fothad ┐ cóelChuirrech the same womb bore, 234 .

(c) throws, casts, sends: tochrae uait cast it from you, TBC-I¹ 1557 (LU) = tochra, YBL. docuire urchar úait, Corm. s.v. taurthait = focheirdi, Corm. Y 1229 . Cf. IT iii 16 § 37 . ni tharlus dom chirt | urcur anfis, LU 3863 ( SCC § 38 ). dochorastair Dochae ga for Fiachaid, TBC-I¹ 2110 . a arat dia tochuirther the distance from which it is shot, Ml. 80b7 . fochres [a c[h]end] isin mBrudin . . . ┐ dorralad eiste, BDD² 1405 . dochorastar echlacha uada, Anecd. iii 65 . dochuiretar sut a comuirli chugat-sa send thee their decision, Fianaig. 84 . docuredh Conall for a lurg, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 36 . docuirethar bedc throws, i.e. makes a start, bound: docuridar bedg de fodes starts off southwards, RC iii 176 . doscuiret[h]ar bedc as fa thuaid, IT ii1 175 . tathchuireathar bedg ar a ceand, BDD² 357 . tacurethar, YBL = docuirethar, Eg. = ta-cuirethar beadg ón tig, 645 . toschuirther beadc a Tracht F. they make a start from, 620 (the constr. here suggests that `beadc' is either nom. or else adverbial accus., the vb. being used impersonally). dochuirethar bedg anís, LL 281b13 ( GJ v 64 ). Cf. foceird b., ZCP viii 104.z .

II As trans. vb. in impers. constr. folld. by prep. phrase or other complement of pred., e.g. do-m-cuirethar lit. it puts me (in a place, condition, etc.), i.e. I happen to be (come). This construction is esp. common with the perf. dorala (tarla) and continues into the Mod. Ir. period.

(a) Of rest: dorala ind aimsir geimrid it happened to be winter, Trip.² 112 . focheirdi erchor uait . . . Docuirethar obonn anmannae ar a chind an animal chances suddenly to be in its way, Corm. Y 1229 (docuirither, LB). dī ōene sechtmaine . . . feib docorathar ind recht | do neoch las mbē nert as it is (laid down) in the law (?), ZCP xiii 29 . dia tarla Cond C. ┐ Eogan T. i comflaithis fo Erind, RC xvi 136 ( Dinds. 132 ). gon domrala crechtach ngarb so that I am wounded, TBC-LL¹ 2338 . cona-tarla faen so that he fell prostrate, Mór M. 267 . nach n-esconn rotmblaisi . . . dorala inna chunn slān became sane, Ériu ii 116 . ó domrala il-ligi leóin, ZCP vi 263 . co na-tarlai ina ṡuidi so that he fell on his haunches, LL 272b21 . dorala in tech ina ráithsechaib briathar, FB § 29 . ro-imthigset i frithsēt Grēg co nustarla tul fri tul i medhon in ṡéta, BB 419a35 . is and dosralai sede tunc, ic Ross na ferta she chanced to be at, Hy. v 65 Comm. ( Thes. ii 343 ). bái mesca mór for Ulto . . . Docuiridar immarbága móra . . . eturro there arise, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 4 . Cf. further: ni chuincem colcthi . . . acht in talam cona sraith trit nó lomm amal docuirether (leg. docuirethar) covered with grass or bare as it may happen to be, Alex. 874 = Anecd. v 3 .

(b) Folld. by prep. denoting motion: doscuirethar as co trāig in baile, IT ii1 178 ; 'they set out' Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 100 § 20 . conacca . . . dorrala inna huili fiadmila asin fidbaid that all the wild animals had come out of the wood, TBC-I¹ 3108 . domrala don áith I came to the kiln, Fél. p. 12 . dosrala do Dún na mbarc they came to, LL 4b33 . inis diandorala iar n-imram, Anecd. i 53 . toscuirethar dochom tíre they come to land, BDD § 55 . con-domrala dochum slúaig, Metr. Dinds. iii 120 . nirbo chian . . . condarraile (leg. dasraile) dochum indsi till they happened on, LL 283a21 . doluid in gilla . . . conusstarla dochum thopuir till he chanced upon a well, RC xxiv 196 . dotrala f[o] aineolass thou art ignorant, ZCP xiii 3 . [a]n du[c]uiredar bissext for nói kl. when bisext falls on . . ., BCr. 32c10 ( Thes. ii 19 ). fēil docuiredar for Sathurn, Mon. Tall. 135 , cf. intan doscuirither-si for áin, LB 9b10 (pass. ?). rocloenad a thech, con-datarla for a lethbeolu so that it inclined to one side, FB § 25 . ind eclas i tarla grada for Brigit, Hy. v 15 Comm. ( Thes. ii 330 ). dogní Neide glām ndicend dō, co toralae teorae bulgae for a gruadaibh, Corm. Y 698 . docorastar cess ┐ huamhon for na slúagho gloom and fear fell upon the hosts, Ériu ii 100 . co tarla a dí bond bána fair (he fell) with upturned soles, MU² 987 (LU). dichetal for ochtraig, co rathochra a mbi ina íchtur for a úachtar all that is below comes to the top, Triads 117 . dorala ana mbui . . . a n-íchtar an loch[a] co raibi forúachtar, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 . co tarla ind ní bāi ina hichtar co mbōi for a hōachtor, Anecd. ii 57 . con-tachrad cach ní nobith a n-ichtur na fairrgi 'na fuachtur, Lec. 569a7 = gu tocraid , BB 40b8 (pret. pass. instead of the impers. constr.). con-dasrala for combáig comimrama they began to race each other in rowing, LL 235a20 . doscuridar iarum for a rith cētnai they resume their course, Ériu ii 126 . documlaiset for fairgi ┐ docorastar a lūi fri tir their stern was turned to shore, Corm. Y 1059 . feib donrala fri comrád as we have fallen into conversation, SR 1214 . fri tala ind ríg . . . domrala tria tinninas I have crossed the king's will through my hastiness, 6188 , cf. 6013 . ní rádi ní tri thalmaidchi, amal dundchuirethar inna beulu as it rises to his lips (`as he takes it'), Ml. 35d22 . cia dotochra a robaegal though thou fall into great danger, BCC § 348 (poem). docuiredar cach ai i tuaim alaile each of them comes into another's place (of three currents meeting in a whirlpool), Corm. Y 323 = docuirither, LB. dotrala i mbeirn baegail, TBC-I¹ 2648 . dotrala ind, RC vi 183 . doscuiredar i cess they fall into sadness, Ériu ii 112 . darrala tar romuir who came over the great sea, Fél. Dec. 8 (darralad, doralaid, donralad, v.l.). focheird rout n-urchair din liathróit, conastarla dar gincraes a bragat dond archoin so that it went past the watchdog's gullet, TBC-LL¹ 1025 . na cōic mnā nostachair tra | maraen ria n-athair suna came here together with their father, BB 408b16 . atnaid id im choiss indaro fi(u)r . . . Docuirethar iarum ina deguid aitherruch (the withe) comes back after him, i.e. springs off (?), RC x 214 .

Later with indep. pron.: co tarla co Beind E. hí she came to, Ériu iii 152 . co ttarla é go Magh Line, BS 104 . tarlu go teach Laidchinn é, Keat. ii 6282 . co tarla Cormac ┐ isi ar oentaig fo cleith, Lec. 366b25 . lucht in feruinn cusa tárla é (of one cast on shore), Laws i 204 Comm. dorala he (Cain) a mbroind Euba in tan do thomail int uball was conceived, Lec. 385a20 ; ? cf. ba hé tatharla inna broind, IT i 139 (LU) = is he tathlai it bruinn, Eg. dusrala iad a n-ailén aili, RC xxvi 138 . mar dorala a n-imfhoixe chomraic na Fraingce íad as they approached the frontier, Fl. Earls 30 . rothimchill cach a chēle dīb . . . ┐ dorala 'n-a comracaib iad they engaged in combat, Celt. Rev. x 314 . ó tharla gan chroidhe dho é seeing he hath no heart to it, Proverbs xvii 16 . durson damsa . . . na mígníma sin do dēnam dam, gid tre anfhis ┐ aneolus dorala iat they have come to pass, Celt. Rev. vii 116 .

(c) do-m-cuirethar do (ar, fri) lit. it puts me to (on, towards), hence I meet, come upon, come across: docuirethar Banba doib i Sleibh M., Leb. Gab.(i) 250 (possibly pers. constr.). docuiridar simind dóib, RC xxvi 10 (LL). conustarla do díb latrandib he met two robbers, Lat. Lives 90 . tarrla ríg Laighen dóibh, Imr. Brain i 66 . co tarla do sē meic dēg Amalgaid, Lec. 124b26 . tarla dhóib a n-esgcaraid, SG 8 . tárla dh'a chéile iat, ML 16 . tarla da chēli . . . clanna Neill ┐ clanna Chaeman, Lec. 171b41 . ni tharla dia muinntir badēin é, Fl. Earls 28 . go ttárla Carbre ┐ rígh bhfear gC. air a chēile, CF 276 (Eg.). go dtarla é ré moghaibh came upon slaves, Keat. iii 2146 . In reciprocal sense: conustarla do Meidb ┐ do Thindi M. and T. met, Ériu ii 178 . tarla do and ┐ d'Adhamhnan, BB 233b3 . co tarla dō ┐ do Dairi ingen Cathair, 6 . dorala do Césair féin ┐ do lucht innsi Bretain C. and the people . . . encountered each other, CCath. 182 . batar maic Miled bliadain i comrige . . . co tarla doib im na trib druimnib until they quarrelled about, Lec. 30b4 . dorala dam arair fri muintir C. I had a quarrel with, MacCongl. 53 . Cf. further: dorala fri Connacht co mór, ōir do marbsat-som a brāithri he was in feud with C., ZCP i 103 , where the construction may be personal (as in III (b) below).

(d) do-cuirethar form (dul, etc.), lit. it puts on me, hence it is incumbent on me, I must: docorastar fair dul do acallaim na hingine it behoved him (?), TBFr. 13 (but perh. pers. constr. `he took upon himself', Gloss.). docorustair fair techt a Manaind, Corm. Y 1059 . co tarla fair techt i n-ailithre (of Colum C.), Lec. 369b9 .

(e) do-cuirethar etarru they fall out, quarrel: cēin co tochra etraibh fein until you quarrel, BNnÉ 90 . tachair eter na mnaibh, ib. darala eturru ic imbert ḟidchilli ┐ Fergus F. and he quarrelled, LL 103b39 . dorala eturru ┐ Munramar, Ériu i 124 . dorala etorra ┐ clann ócc iarla D., AFM v 1718 . 1874 . dorala itir Luicet ┐ Aed . . . isin chath engaged each other, RC v 197 . go tarrla iter Aichlech ┐ Oedh B. gur fersat comlann fria chēli, Fianaig. 94 . go tarla itir in ríg ┐ in rígain, SG 250 . co tarla eatorro im na tri ndromandaib, BB 42b34 = co tarla doib, Lec. 30b4 . tarrla eturru immon n-es, Acall. 7286 . conad impi sein tarla eturru, LL 242a40 .

III During the Mid. Ir. period, when the infixed pron. began to lose its significance, do-cuirethar and esp. the perf. dorala came to be regarded as an intrans. vb. in personal construction in sense of happens to be (come); it is, however, impossible to decide whether the vb. is pers. or impers. in the sing. except in cases where the accompanying noun has distinct forms for nom. and accus.

(a) Of rest, condition: bid hé dochorad and, BDD § 66 YBL = comad he notocrad and, Eg. = co mbad sé nobeth and, LU; ib. § 54 . ní tharla bó isin recleis ind inbhaid sin, Lat. Lives 72 . ní faca riamh abhann ann, ┐ ó tharla an abhann ann, as greama mur tharrla in droichid tairsi as the river is there, it is well there is a bridge across it, Imr. Brain i 64 . is ann dorála in rí ind uair sin, fó bun darach, SG 413 . an eich dorala foa on which he was mounted, AFM vi 2216 . tug . . . urchor do cloich tarla ina láimh which chanced to be in his hand, iv 788 . dorala ambassadóir righ S. sa gcathraigh in tan sin, Fl. Earls 22 . tarla an uair sin duine uasal . . . i bpríosún ag an bprionnsa, Keat. iii 5027 . tarla an tan soin neach cumhachtach 'n-a bhíodhbhadh ag C., ii 4847 . dorala ben an oirchinnigh ag gabail secha . . ., BS 50 . is ann doralae Onchu mac S. marb sechtmain reimhe O. had happened to die a week before, BColm. 46 . doralatar in dā hapstail [déc] uile i n-oen tegdais, PH 5560 . tarladar ceathrar do chloinn C. 'n-a ngiallaibh ag Niall, Keat. ii 5956 . tarladar triúr mac aige he had three sons, 4844 . do chidhfedh mar tharla an tír he would see the country's plight, O'Gr. Cat. 466 .

(b) With prep., etc., denoting motion: is annsin dorala Becuma amach ar an ḟaithche chanced to come out, Ériu iii 162 . ised dorala anair he came from the east, RC xiii 379 . co tacradh ass a bhiadh cōir do chāch, IT iii 188 . co tocraitis asa tíribh do décsain . . . crotha Hectoir they would have come, TTr.² 1091 . doluid A. for iarraid usci ┐ dorala cosin tobur cétna, RC xxiv 198 . dia tarla sí cusin mbandtrebthaig, IT i 48 . ni thacēra d'iarmēirge, Cog. 225 (LL) = ni ticfa don ērmēirge, 10 . araili ailitir dorala do Toirinis, Todd Nenn. 212 . rosirius Magh Fáil . . . tairlius do Cill Uí S., BS 48 . docurethar in lia forru anair the stone lights on them, TBC-I¹ 1415 (LU). doleig side in gae bulgae . . . co tochrastar annuass for a chathbarr, IT ii1 184 . dorala menma Faelain fuirri, RC xxvii 262 . dorála menma a mátha(i)r uirre, RC xxix 120 . conidh hí comairle forsa tarrla the plan he hit upon, CCath. 1378 (perh. impers.). (With reflex. pron.) dosraladar for merugud they began to wander astray, RC xxiv 196 = SG 328 . is mairg ances a bidbaid | in n-inbaid dochora il-lén when he falls into misfortune, LL 146b38 ( PRIA xix 544 ). lēicid C. in gae fair . . . conid anuas docorastar (tocorastar, LU) in-a mullach, TBC-I¹ 1296 . Cf. 3664 . docoras[tar] casal di nim i n-ucht Pátraic, Trip.² 1228 (impers.?). rotheilg L. in ngai . . . co tarlai il-Laeg, RC iii 178 . tharla tuagh Bhrodair i gceann Bhriain, Ériu i 88 . tus in tochrad i m-aigid to see whether she would meet me, Aen. 626 . dochear Lugaid Riabnderg do chumaid a mna . . . ┐ man a claidem fodein dorala he fell on his own sword (?), Lec. 588a43 . cia tochra int espach eturru though the onlooker should come between them, Laws ii 294 Comm.

(c) Folld. by DO (also AR, FRI) meets, comes upon, falls in with (in some of the follg. exx. the earlier meaning of the vb., not that of an intrans. vb. of motion, is still apparent): dogabh ag luamhairecht an curaigh co tarrla oilen ingnadh dō, Ériu iii 156 . docuir Nae an colum da fis an faighbeadh talamh . . . ┐ tarla dō an talumh ina roibhe, etc., Lib. Flav. i 10a30 . docurastar dam lethbarghen cruithnechta ┐ ordu ēisc = I found, got, RC x 90 (perh. impers.). tarla int ailen-sa ar A., ZCP ii 298 . docuiridar Bricriu dóib forsind ḟaithche, LL 186a42 = RC xxvi 12 . tachraid bocht dó ar in conair, Lism. L. 4305 (docuirethar, v.l.). tús . . . in taichēradh dō aen duine, Aen. 290 . dorala dam forsin sét mo choimdiu Ísu, PH 1892 . doralai dias fer n-arsatai dóib, SG ii 467 . co tarla do in bantrebtach, Hy. v 73 Comm. ( Thes. ii 345 ). co ttarla ben-gheilt dó ann, BS 108 . do bhrígh nach dtárla dhamh mo dhearbráthair T., 2 Cor. ii 13 . dochuir Banba doib, Lec. 28a30 . do-ralatar a námaitt dó, BColm. 94 . tarladur na trí righdha so da chéle, ZCP ii 38 . is mairg ar a tocherat, TBC-LL¹ 5707 . tárla bean air, Proverbs vii 10 . go dtarladar trí mic C. orra, Keat. ii 1300 ; 1273 . amail doraladar forsin topur, RC xxiv 202 . dorála a chos fri cloich, SG 403 . tárla trócaire ┐ fírinne ré chéile, Psalms lxxxv 10 . do mharbhsat gach a dtarla riú do lucht an bhaile, Keat. iii 5242 . doraladar a triur frisin n-uasal, YBL 191a16 . go dtarladar ladrainn ris, TSh. 1450 .

(d) With FRI encounters, opposes (this use is spec. frequent with the late form tachraid): roḟācaib [Fiacha] a clanna dia ēis . . . do thochar ria Padraic . . . ┐ ni tharla neach aile do cloind Ḟiachach fris acht Fothad F. amain, Lec. 143a37 . ni thagraim leat, a L., | ná re Tadg ré dtarlabhair with whom you are engaged in dispute, Content. xi 15 . mairg thochras ri clērchib cell, LL 149b26 = thochrus fri, SG 70 , 78 . gach nech tochrus ré rí[g] réil, Fianaig. 80 . tachraid re chele, Caithr. CC 52 . ba tresi nā gach trēn rotac[h]rad fris, BB 488b24 . baoi do mhéd a mhenman . . . go ttochairfedh friú, AFM v 1766 . ēcoir d'Fathod tachair frim . . . | ní do deoin Luighdech Meic Con | do thaichérad frim Fathod, Acall. 1137 . gomtis ionchatha ┐ co ttochraitis friu, Leb. Gab.(i) 144 . i mbeilgibh bélchumhgaibh i ttoc[h]raittís re aroile, AFM vi 2112 .

(e) With DO falls to the lot of, happens to, befalls (rarely in this sense with infd. dat. pron. instead of do): nachustarla anfaitchess may negligence never come upon them, BColm. 50 . dorala cōir gāithi doib fochedoir, Lec. 569a25 . co tarla anfud mór doib, Hy. v 13 Comm. ( Thes. ii 328 ). co tarla doib imsreang curad (i.e. they engaged in struggle), Lec. 352a44 . Fiacha Fear dā liach . . . .i. liach do cach echt dorala do, 337b42 . cia imned dorala duib?, ACL iii 225 . dorala gnim n-ingnad do he happened to do a strange thing, Ériu v 114 . o tharla dhuit an gním olc, SG 29 . gia nothachrad écht dó, TBC-LL¹ 1180 . cia and do ná tochradar | bét no bine nó baeghul?, ZCP iv 468 . do Chonall dorala imdegail in chóicid it fell to C. to guard, TBC-I¹ 592 LU. rolaesead dā mac Miled crandchar iar sin forsan aes dāna .i. file ┐ cruitire . . . do Erimon dorala in file, BB 42b13 . certar crandchor léo dūs cia do thoc[h]radh dul . . . Dochuir (dofuit, v.l.) son don tres comalta, RC x 78 . rolaset chrandchor . . . conid don dull dorala tec[h]t sis, Hy. v 13 Comm. ( Thes. ii 328 ). is ann dorala dosom a denam, Hy. i Pref . ( Thes. ii 298 ). is grad epscuip dorala do epscop Mél do thabairt for Brigit, Hy. v 15 Comm. ( Thes. ii 330 ). condarala di turgnom catha Findchorad she happened to be preparing for, Ériu ii 184 . as ag an mbile sin dorala do Dhomhnall do ueith, BS 16 . dia tochrad dó Hectoir do thuitim leis, TTr.² 973 . as maith tarrla dúind an chailleach do marbudh it is well for us that we have killed, Imr. Brain i 65 . dorala do B. beith ag saigdeoracht, Todd Nenn. 38 . is amlaid dorala do C. beith ┐ ingen alaind aici in tan sin C. happened to have a beautiful daughter, Lec. 168b16 . condusrala do Meidb dola co Boind, Ériu ii 178 . dorala intan sin do M. condacaid aislingi, ACL iii 10 . tarla dona beachuibh co ndeachadur . . ., Ériu ii 82 . tarla do beirt saighdiuir go ndechator astech i n-aroile egluis, Fl. Earls 60 .

(f) Hence in general sense of comes to pass, happens, takes place (chiefly in perf. dorala, tarla). With noun as subj. often in sense of there was , or in impers. constr. with inf. phrase or subord. sent.: forcaemnacair (.i. tarla), ACL iii 10 . in tan dorala in scēl-sa and when this event took place, PH 46 . cethracha rig dorala frisrohicad borama | o aimsir Thuathail . . . there were forty kings, Lec. 40b28 (perh. rather to be referred to II (a) = dorala cethrachait r.). ní tharla il-leitrib na lāidib . . . aen-triar ban neither in books nor songs is found a trio, 395a13 (II (a)?). go ttárla sneachta mór fán am sin ann, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40 . tárla méad meanman na bhfoireann ar gcriothnughadh na long the courage of the crew was aroused, ML 46 . tarla iomchaineadh . . . eitir M. ┐ mhnáoi oile a dispute arose, BS 142 . tarla imressan eturru, Acall. 2717 . an ferand fa tharla imresuin adrum-sa ┐ C., BCC 179 . darala debaigh mor etarru, YBL 164b10 . tohruid (sic) frithnois fuigill etorro an altercation arises, Cog. 142 = tohraid (sic) frithnos, 144 . gidh bedh tochrus do bar comhrag-si whatever be the issue of your combat, Aen. 2968 (= quo res cumque cadent, Aeneid xii 203 ). maith tharla it is well, Keat. ii 4725 . dorala . . . Gortigernd mac G. do gabail airdrigi Breatan, Todd Nenn. 74 . amal dorala na dūile do chumscugud oc cēsad Crist, PH 1078 . dorala conid si sein aimser . . . (= contigit quod), Lat. Lives 5 . dorala co ndechsat immach (= casu accidit ut . . .), 76 . conid tairle co n-ebarthar mac ríg frim mac may it come to pass that, Ériu iv 24 . gé tharla gur fhōbair . . ., Fl. Earls 68 . dorala iar n-ég Gorthemuir . . . doronsat Saxain meabail for B., Todd Nenn. 102 .

IV Invites, summons (this sense may have arisen out of the meaning puts in cases where the vb. was folld. by co): gl. adsciscere, Ml. 25c13 , Sg. 6b18 , 16b8 , 61a7 ; arcessere, Sg. 184a2 ; citare, Ml. 3a1 ; exciere, 16c6 , 18d6 ; invitare, 29b1 , O'Mulc. 527 ; postulare, Corm. Y 77 . tocuiriur etrum indiu inna huli nert-so fri cech nert I summon today all those powers (put . . . between me and?), Hy. vi 48 ( Thes. ii 357 ). docuirethar cétna persan sin persana aili chucae takes other persons to it, Sg. 191a2 . docuiredar gōi, inairben fīr; tocuiredar ēcert, inarben cert, ZCP xii 364 . tócurid [in comdiu] dochum nimi chuci lucht na deirce, FA 1 (LU). tocuirid na sualchi, dichurid na dualchi, PH 5614 , cf. 4992 - 5 . intí is cendais . . . tócuired in fergach co mín (= revocet), 5829 . muna tocuirit fein chuca iat, Laws v 458 Comm. rotochuir an tír chucca, Hugh Roe 36 . rostochuir ┐ rostiomairg fine Gaoidil, Leb. Gab.(i) 234 . rotocuirisdair G. cuice dā druid dēg, Todd Nenn. 90 . romtochuirseat ina ndocum, CCath. 983 . tochuirter iatt gusin gcaislēn, Fl. Earls 70 . co tocuiredh Eoin . . . ó Ispís ad Bathmos, BB 10a4 . rotochuiredh do a brathair, LL 402b52 . rotocuiret dia indsaighidh a slōigh, 404b39 . rodocuirit (ro tochuiritt, v.l.) Dailcais uli cucu, Cog. 74 .

fáebar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáebar or dil.ie/20997

Forms: fáebra, fáobhar

n o, m. (but n p. fáebra, LU 9617 ). fáobhar, IGT, Decl. § 17 .

I

(a) a sharp edge (of a sword or blade, also of a shield; seldom of pointed weapons): faobhar sgeo rinn, Ériu xiii 21.10 . mesir arm iarna ḟaobhruibh, 41.30 . hi fáebur in bélae the axe-edge LU 9027 (gloss) ( FB 77 ). ise in biail innraic ... tri meoir lethed a foebuir ..., O'Curry 884 (< H 3.18, 395b ). cromsciath co foebar condualach fair, TBC-I¹ 1158 = faebur chonduala, LU 5637 . cosmuiles in cloidim ar a mbitt in da faebur like a two-edged sword Laws v 222.25 Comm. dobert D. beim do faebur a gae tar mocoll ind lín, LU 1929 . la fáebru na ngaí, 8202 ( FB 15 ). meilid faebra, TBC-I¹ 3446 = melat fáebair, TBC-LL¹ 5831 . d'faebraip na tuagh ┐ na claidem, CCath. 5876 . faobar na sgene no na tuaighe, O'Dav. 1009 . mar ḟáobhar sgían mbearrtha IGT, Decl, 2043 . cuirfe sé fáobhair [sic] air a chloidheamh whet his sword Psalms vii 12 . gér amhuil cloidheamh dhá fáobhar, Proverbs v 4 . Of a bone: gérithir altan ... faebur a lurgan MR 20.3 .

(b) a sharp-bladed weapon: faibur .i. claideb (gl. machera) Ml. 75b11 . bla faebur `the exemption as to an edged weapon' Laws iii 236.23 . amal tregdas anmain duine foebur tria corp, ZCP iii 26.27 . dosoi foebar fri Fergail, RC xxiv 54.12 . grith faebair, Rawl. 124az = Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 17.4 . i mbiat fáebra fri fáebra, LU 9617 ( ZCP iii 208 ). níngabat renna no airm no faebair itir, TBC-LL¹ 1263 . ni ba heccal dó faobhra nád gallra, BNnÉ 293.1 . (faobhair v.l.). rop scíath fri fóebra fégi, Hy v 97 . cen armu, cen fáebru, MU² 644 ( LL 266b44 ). cen inad rend ┐ arm ┐ fáebur do dénam de, MU² 331 ( LL 264b5 ). faibraib derggaib with red sword-blades Rawl. 115a45 = Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 40.12 . iarna fóebraib fennad `after flaying them with sword-edges' Fél. Prol. 48 .

(c) a sharp-edged tool: saer istig ┐ faebhur, BB 25b33 = Leb. Gab.(i) i 46 . faebar la soer, Leb. Gab.(i) i 30 .

II Fig. keenness, sharpness; hence apex: faobhar ann ara fhertoiph `there is the acme of his mighty works' BNnÉ 284.32 . gan freagra faobhair without keen retort. Ó Bruad. iii 4 . an chruinne ar a fáobhar fúm, IGT, Decl. ex. 15 . Metaph: ? cis duar dían drongaighther i bfaobhraibh foimhdin, Ériu xiii 26.2 = i foebuir foimdib, O'Dav. 883 . in Laws, Comm.: orba for set n-imfaebair .i. ferann do-berar for conair .i. ime ada faebur, foebra la fine a cuingid cucu, foebrach léisi a aisec uaithi, Laws iv 46.25 . cuich in imaebur adeir ann? .i. ... faebur laisin fine im aisic don ingin ... ┐ faebur laisin ingin a aisic aris don fine (an explanation of im(f)aebair `double-edged, equivocal,' see Thurneysen, Ir. Recht 81 , 82 ), Laws iv 48.9 . fri (re) f.¤ coincidently with, at the time of: ni dernad do ulcc hi Connachtaib re faebar gabala rigi dosom achtmad oenslat ar sligid na Cruaiche, Ann. Conn. 1224 § 3 (= ALC i 268 ; corresp. to: re hucht gabhala, AFM iii 214.6 ).

III As npr. m.: Nemnuaill maic Faebair (a progenitor of Míl) Fianaig. 30.3 . o Chonand mac Febair, LL 6a45 . o Conaing mac Ḟaebhair, BB 27a9 . Conaing mac Faobhair, Keat. i 178 .

Compds. With adj. ¤derg: Cethern mac fial foebuirderg Fintain, TBC-I¹ 2760 = faebarderg red-bladed Ériu i 116.15 . Echaid faeburderg, LL 127b34 . Eochaidh Faeburderg, MacCarthy 296.2 . ¤gér sharp-edged: coibleng ... fuilech foebargher, Aen. 2371 . ¤glan clean- or bright-edged; epithet of javelins: i suaineamnaiph a fogad faebharglan, CCath. 5552 . ¤glas: gai fota faebarglas blue-bladed TBC-I¹ 2047 . As sobriquet, Eochaid Faeburglas, Rawl. 147a16 . LL 127b32 . ¤glicc skilful in wielding weapons: flaith na fian faebairglic, Acall. 664 . ¤nocht: bare-bladed (with unsheathed sword): a ḟlaith na fian faebharnochd, Acall. 1441 . ¤the: hot-edged, keen-edged: colg faobhairthe, TD 19.8 . sluagh f. ` keen-bladed host ' 3.21 . With subst.: ¤béim stroke with the edge of a weapon (?) TBC-LL¹ 1890 . ¤chless ` edge-feat ' name of a warlike feat: fáeborchles, LU 9291 . Ériu iv 30.9 . the edge of a weapon (?). TBC-LL¹ 1890 . ¤chless `edge-feat,' name of a warlike feat fáeborchles, LU 9291 . Ériu iv 30.9 . faeborcless, LU 5969 = TBC-I¹ 1501 . imma chromscíath ... cona bil áithgéir co tescfad finna i n-aigid srotha ... inbaid fogníth ... fáeborchless di is cumma imthescad dá scíath ┐ dá sleg ┐ dá chlaideb, LU 6433 = TBC-I¹ 1919 . dogni ... faeborchles don claidiub imma chend, BDD 148 . uii. bfaobhairchleasa, ZCP x 287.2 . ic faebarchless chlaideb uastu LL 266a10 ( MU² 541 ). Fig. in faebarchles feichemnais sin `this feat of accusation' MR 298.8 . Hence adj.: fálairbi ferrda ... faebar-clesach Frangc ` sword-dexterous ' MR 214.17 . ¤gal keen valour: rī ... co faebargail, Rawl. 85a5 . ¤gleó combat with sword or weapons TBC-LL¹ 3213 . ¤glond exploit or deed of arms: fri fúam febda faebarglonn, SR 6790 . ¤nél an edged, i.e. lightning-shedding cloud: re feirg bfaoboirnél bfuiglech `of the armed ( jagged ?) vociferous clouds' O'Gr. Cat. 451.11 .

feóil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. feóil or dil.ie/21641

Forms: feúil, feóil, feóla, feolo, feulae, feolae, feolai, feól, feoland, feulae

n i, f. n s. ind feúil , Ml. 22d7 . feóil, IGT, Decl. § 149 . g s. feóla, TBC-LL¹ 3616 . IGT, Decl. § 149 . feolo, Laws v 138.3 Comm. g p. inna feulae , Ml. 97d10 ( [f]eulae, 47c4 , feolae, Mon. Tall. § 51 , feolai, § 6 seem misspellings of g s.). feól IGT, Decl. § 149 . feoland, PH 6547 . Flesh, both of living and dead bodies, often of meat: distinguished from cooked flesh: carnae ... is brisc uair is bruithi, ar is rigin intan is feoil, Corm. Y 261 ; but this distinction is not always observed. ho rudeda ind feúil forsnaib cnamaib, Ml. 22d7 . céin nombetis inna saigtea inna feuil in his flesh 58a8 . feoil na fiacal (gl. gingiva) Ir. Gl. 150 . co torchair a fuil ┐ a feóil de, LU 10780 . eter feoil ┐ chnam ┐ chroicend, TBC-LL¹ 2188 . do chuir tú feoil ┐ lethar mar étach umam, PH 7457 . óenfer do cathim a sātha dia eóil ┐ da enbruthi, LU 3451 ( SCC 23 ). dogniad pars isind Chaisc de feoil, Mon. Tall. § 12 . roptar gallraigh ... las an ffeoil saillte serbhgoirt, ┐ la hesbhaidh úirḟeola salt meat ... fresh meat AFM vi 2210.2 . In abstr. sense: gaol fola nó feola kinship of flesh and blood Keat. Poems 1331 . atá anuile ḟeóil mar an ṁféur, 1 Peter 1.24 . pl. (gen. of flesh-meat, to denote flesh of different carcases): todlugud inna feulae demanding flesh-meats Ml. 97d10 . co caithdís feola mucc, PH 6569 . ethait féolo na cairech, RC x 90.20 . for féolai fine `auf das Fleisch seiner Verwandten' ZCP xi 85.2 . imberad a mblichtach do ḟeolaib they will use their milch-kine for meat TBC-I¹ 1135 .

Compds.

(a) with subst.: ¤béim flesh-cutting, butchery: so cuala in féolbéim issin glind, RC xiv 420.9 . feoilbeimenna na tuagh , CCath. 5920 . ag cómhmhaoidheamh na bhfulacht ┐ na bhfeoilbhéimeann, ML 84.9 . ¤chombach id.: dogniat fulacht ┐ feolchombach, Hugh Roe² 23 (f. 35b) . feolchumach slaughter Ó Bruad. iii 72 . ¤choscar id.: ag feoilchosgar a chéile hacking each other Oss. vi 98.12 . ¤étáil flesh-spoil: re fairsinge na féoilédála, ML² 1741 . ¤fogail: ar fheolfhogail ndeilg ` flesh-laceration ' O'Gr. Cat. 449.5 . ¤fuil (dwandwa compd.) flesh and blood: d'ḟeolḟuil an leinbh A. Ó Dálaigh li 16 . Gen. in fig. sense: gidh ionann feolfhuil dí is dún, Dán Dé ii 2 . t'fheólfhuil naoidhean the babe of thine own flesh and blood Hackett xix 42 (cf. fuil-feóil, s.v. fuil).

(b) with adj.: ¤gerrtha mangled: ina ffaoinlighe ... ḟeoilgherrta, AFM vi 226 y . ¤minraigthe: blogha ... feoil-mhionraighthe ` flesh-besmeared ' ML 132.16 . ¤scaílte flesh-scattered, hacked to pieces: aighedha ... feolscaeilti, D IV 2, 73[63]v a 43 .

See also feólbach, —char, —dénmaid.

indsma

Cite this: eDIL s.v. indsma or dil.ie/28544

Forms: ionnsmad, insma

Used as vn. of indsmaid. In Mod. Ir. a form ionnsmad arose.

(a) act of setting, riveting, thrusting in, inserting: dobidgad Goibne asin tenchair na gāi go nglentais isin ursain. Dolēiged Luchtaine saor na crunda ina ndīaid ┐ ba lōr n-i.¤ dōib. Dobidgad īarom Creidne cerd na semanda a bēlaib na tenchuire ┐ ba lōr n-i.¤ dōibh, Corm. Y 975. dena a hi.¤ na sleighe anois, ... sáidis cenn na sleighe issin colba ┐ ro gab fein crann na sleige ina laim ┐ tucastar ró n-urchair dochum in chind ┐ aimsig hé co comnert co tarrla ina halt ┐ ina hinadh féin, Acall. 4901 - 6 . bui Conall ac i.¤ gai forsin raith, ZCP i 104.33 . as é budh ferr do ghlés each ┐ do i.¤ slegh ┐ d'fighe folt, RC xxiv 46 § 3. gói in míled diar gonad cride in Choimded iarna i.¤ isin croich thrust into the cross, ZCP xvii 229.5 . ro bladhastair cró ionnsma na craoisighe `broke the socket of the javelin,' AFM vi 2216.5 . gaoi dá n-ionnsma, eich dá ngníomh `fitting of javelins, exercising of steeds,' TD 11 § 20. is gnáth gúiste ag a ionnsmadh re adhmadaibh a gouge is usually driven in with mallets, Ó Bruad. i 72.y . ní thuigim-se buinge dod mhaothionnsmadh `I know of their braves none so mad as with Thee to engage in fight,' ii 4.y . insma `a push, thrust, cast ,' O'R.

Fig.,

(i) of the insertion of a syllable : comindsma .i. í.¤ in iarcomairc isin tsillaib tuisig nama, ut est .i. do .i. donnchad the fitting of the conclusion as regards the first syllable only ?, IT iii 30.4 .

(ii) applied to the marriage union : bā tinnsccra īar n-i.¤ (of a foolish thing), MacCongl. 73.6 .

(b) Of weapons, in a concrete sense, the socket: o erlond gó i.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 5193. romebh[d]adar a laigni ┐ a craisecha ina n-innsmaib `in their fittings,' CCath. 2125. co cethrachait semmend hi suidigud a hi.¤ , TTr. 1551. tuagh ... ina laim ┐ ionnsma na samtaigte ina medhon (of a double axe), Cog. 202.20 . do shaitheadar da shleagh ... i Cellach gur bo leir indsmadha na n-arm tre erranaib na n-áladh, MR 272.5 . ro claíit a cloidme in indsmadhaibh a n-urdorn ro sníit a slegha da semannaib, Manners and Customs ii 241 n. an seasga ... do bhí a n-ionnsma na craoisighe `in the setting of the spear,' CRR² § 26.

2 lorg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 lorg or dil.ie/30683
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: lorc, lorg, lorg

n ā, f. but d s. lorc dromma, Ml. 51a8 . a s. lorg catha, Todd Nenn. 184.4 . lorg f., IGT Decl. § 158.

(a) staff, stick; rod or wand of office: lorc isind laim aili is samlid insin imme[t]ét . . . int ais lósc, Ml. 45c9 . dobert-side in loirc do bai 'na laim do (a king's sceptre?), Ériu v 36.22 . rechtaire teghlaig C. . . . Isí a lorc teglaig fail úasa, BDD² 800 ( LU 7186 ). slicht a luirge ina diaid, Triads 103 . ba híat a slegha ba lorga fosaighthi doibh `props', CCath. 2312 . a llorga ┐ a mbachla ina lámaib, PH 5103 . beir mo luirg [fessin] lat . . . ┐ rega gach conair bus ail duit, 2232 . rogerr a slegh ┐ dorindi l.¤ di (of a warrior turning pilgrim), ZCP vi 84.32 . an l.¤ no an baitín do bí n-a laimh (of Colum Cille), xi 142.33 . . . . mic Flaithbhertaigh an trostáin .i. a l.¤ Rómha (i.e. a pilgrim's staff), L. Cl. A. B. 3.9 . na daine . . . threigis an saeghal uile, ┐ gabus sgriptha ┐ l.¤ do ghradh Dia (virga). Smaointe B. Chr. 6071 . colg ara clúimh / sa l.¤ na láimh (of a dead pig, because he was setting out like a pilgrim on his last journey?), Irish Texts i 31.47 . l.¤ dromma the spine : hó lorc dromma [nō] delc gl. spina, Ml. 51a8 (see Études Celt. xl 65 ). na lorgdromma gl. spinas (? leg. lorg[a] d.), Gild. Lor. 169.

Used in some kind of proof or ordeal for determining the paternity of children of madwomen who have not been affiliated during the lifetime of the (putative) father: meic na mban mear so ┐ nucur astadh iat i mbeathaidh a n-athar, ┐ isedh dlegar dib a n-astudh ar a ligi (= luigi) go loirg no go mbreithir no go sulgnais, O'Curry 2295 ( Rawl. B 506, 28 ). tri fira is luga a fenechas .i. l.¤ ┐ briathar ┐ sulgnais .i. a l.¤ on mir gan urlabra, a briathar on mir co n-urlabra, a sulgnais on ciall maith gin urlabra, O'Curry 603 ( H 3.18, 295 ) = Cóic Con. 42 § 63 (`Spur'). a mhiond loirge mar luighe / gu ngoirge Ḟinn ḟalmuire, IGT Decl. ex. 2021.

(b) club, cudgel : l.¤ gl. claua, Ir. Gl. 52 . l.¤ .i. lúi airg .i. lāich í, Corm. Y 805. quia regem laginensium occidit .i. din tomad tuc fair dia luircc, Fél.² clxx 2 . .ix. slabrad iairn a cind cacha luirgi, BDD² 1280 . co trí lorggaib íarnaidib ina lámaib clí, MU² 775 . ethaid in luirg n-āairn ro bae triasin slabraid iron bar, Otia ii 86.16 . nir bo sop i n-inad largi [sen], Cog. 100.23 (of Brían Bóruma, a proverbial phrase). fuaim luirgi re luirigh, CCath. 6078 . gona ruibhne rena ghualainn / gona luirg fa luath a ngoil, ML 20.26 .

l.¤ áne hurley: tíagait tri coecait mac leis cona lorcaib áni, LU 5907 . a bunsach ┐ a l.¤ áne, 4868 . focherdat dano an tri .lll. lórg ána fair, 4877 . turcbaid . . . a oenluirg n-ániusa ┐ dícuris na trí coicait l.¤ , 914 . Without áne: bla liathroide l.¤ ┐ poll ┐ log . . . donti buailis in liathroid da luirg, Laws iii 554.3 - 4 (Text and Comm.). focheirdseom ūad a līathrōit ┐ a lloirc, TBC-I¹ 523.

l.¤ anfaid (anfad fury): atchíu fer chucund . . . l.¤ anfaid inna láim. Calg dét fóa choim (of Mac Roth), LU 5595 ( lorc anfaith, TBC-I¹ 1112 ). co táinic in Dagdha ┐ a lorg anfaidh 'na laim, Metr. Dinds. iv 294.20 (cf. ZCP iii 240 § 34 ). Cf. lorg adúathmar íarnaidi 'na láim, cend anbthen fhurri ┐ cend álgen . . . fuirmid in cend n-anbthen for cendar na nónbor condas-marband . . . Fuirmid in cend álgen forru condas-bethaigend, MU² 628.

(c) handle or shaft of an implement, etc.: for teora[ib] lorggaib a[i]thich—lorgg ḟorcha, lorgg ṡamthaige, lorgg rám(m)ai, Críth G. 531.2 . co na fuil aici acht rigi na tri larg; l.¤ a suisti, ┐ l.¤ a bela ┐ l.¤ a fidba (of an aithech), Laws iii 106. 14.15 Comm . caire cona inbiur(b) cona lorggaib, Críth G. 174 . a lorga maela (of hurleys), Ériu v 28.17 . tócbais a thēig libair for a luirg isin fraigid `on the peg in the wall', MacCongl. 11.27 .

(d) the membrum virile : secht nartim ina luirg (of Fergus mac Roig), Ériu iv 26.11 . tintā Fergus do debaid fri Coinculaind. `Olc dait . . . mo dīguin; is gairit mo lorc lat', TBC-I¹ 1210. See O'Brien, Études Celt. iii 369 f .

(e) g s. used attributively in several phrases (meaning is not always apparent) (i) áe loirge (áe lawsuit): ? ceas[c] co taet ae in-airecht la Feine? Nī. Ae loirge ar as ae lobair andsin, ae gacha bannsgaile, O'Curry 1614 ( 23 Q 6, 6a ) = cesc co ted ae i n-airecht la fene. Ae luirgi ar is ae lobuir annsin, ae cach bannscaile na fil folta (.i. na feine) na iardin (.i. iarmbrethemnus) le na turbaid, O'Curry 1269 ( H 3.18, 514 ). (ii) bard loirge name of one class of the dáer-baird, IT iii 110 § 8 , anmand na ndóerbard . . . culbard ┐ srutbard ┐ bard lorge ┐ drisiuc, IT iii 5.y . bard loirgi gan aisde ndilis the b. l. has no characteristic metre, iii 23.5 . bard lorce, .i. lorc ria hucht 'he has a staff in front of him', UR 51 n . do-eimh bard loirge lár 'a bard loirge protects a floor', UR 49.14 . (iii) bé loirge: direnar be luirge landire be loisde luineatha alaile, O'D. 2228 ( Nero A 7, 153b ) (`a distaff woman is entitled to full compensation-fine; she of the kneading-trough and churn-stick to the same assessment', O'Gr. Cat. 145 ).

(iv) cú loirge: cu loirge [.i.] cu ris na gabann greim lorg, Laws iii 414.26 Comm . (`a club dog i.e. a dog on which a club takes no effect', Plummer MS. notes); but perh. tracking dog. Cf. confusion between 1 and 2 lorg, O'Dav. 1155 s.v. 1 lorg (b). in cu loirgi . . . lan fiach ina cet cinaid seic, mad fri duine foglaidh, mad fri rubu, is aithgin; ar ni riagailter lorg fri rubu, 416.5 Comm .

Compds.

(i) With noun. ¤ḟertas (later by metath. ¤ḟersat) club or cudgel; iron bar : doghlac a lorg fersat catha .i. túagh thailc throm, Ériu v 174.200 . rabert C. béim d'a lorgḟertais bar na sluagaib, CRR 44 . muadhbemnech na loirc-fersat n-uiriarainn, TBC St. 4653 . luirgfhearsad imreamhar iarnaidhe trés an dá lúib do bhí ar cheann an tslabhra, Keat. ii 6300.

(ii) With adj. ¤remar thick-staved : do rinnetar leibenn lethann loirgremar . . . a timcell Oilella, Celt. Rev. iv 12.10 .

See maglorg.

2 ord(d)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ord(d) or dil.ie/33967
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ord

n o, m. ord, IGT Dec. § 67.

A sledge-hammer : ordd, gl. malleus, Sg. 49a4 . ord `a hammer', Eg. Gl. 378. bla [sic leg.] ord indeoin (.i. i[s] slán don tí imris in t-órd for in indeoin), Laws iii 186.6 , 7 . tuaircfet-sa . . . o urd iarnaide, PH 8024. a uird ┐ a indeona (property of a smith), TBC-LL¹ 962. ? co llín uird `with hammers in plenty', Metr. Dinds. iii 260.13 (expld. as = uird co llín, p. 524 ; perhaps = 1 ord(d)). airnisi in gobann etir bulgu ┐ urdu, ZCP viii 304.37 . oc tuarcain brotha forsind inneoin co n-ortaib, LU 1866 = RC x 52.5 . iondus nach clos órd nó túagh . . . annsa tigh, 1 Kings vi 7. órda, Hackett xxvi 8 (a p.). Fig. do leadradh lé hord na haithrighe, TSh. 829.

In heroic lit. often of a warrior: ord essorgni, TBC-LL¹ 776 , cf. 852 , 1852 , TBC-LL¹ 352 , Aen. 1774. tri uird essargni, LL 225b19 TTr. 616 ). ro thinoilit dochum E. . . . a shuind chatha ┐ a fhuird irgaili, TTebe 2637 (in vocab. assigned to 1 ord(d)). Nél, ba hord úatha, Metr. Dinds. iii 406.25 (see note). la Ellim ord imamnass, LL 129b2 ( MacCarthy 200 z ). rob é . . . an t-órd bhrúite bíodhbhadh, Cog. 253.21 .

As n.l., a place in central Ireland near the river Indeóin: for Ord . . . for Indeóin, TBC-LL¹ 254 , cf. TBC-LL¹ 95. mad mattain foraib imbárach i nUrd [sic leg.], Ériu iii 140.181 , cf. 186 (Expulsion of Déssi). a hOrd slaitir Indeoin (a pun on the two place-names), 141.198 . Cf. LU 4461.

scamanta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scamanta or dil.ie/36314

adj divided, severed (?): 'na cinedaibh scailti scamhanta, CCath. 4968 . do cailc na sciath s.¤ 'arna scris d'faebraip na tuagh `cloven', 5875 . `branchy', Stokes Gloss.¤, comparing Lat. scamnum (ramnorum).

sleg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sleg or dil.ie/37884

n ā, f. IGT Decl. § 39 . a javelin, spear, lance : ro gabustair a sleig, Laws i 6.2 . dolléici a hathair sleig cóicrind dí anúas . . . co lluid trea triliss ┐ condo ragaib Fróech inna láim in slig, TBFr. 234 . sleg ḟota thredruimneach reimithir cuing n-imechtair a crand fil indti, BDD² 968 . tarlucus urchur dom sleig | i ndúnad Eogain Inbir, LU 3859 ( SCC 38 ). fosnessa sleig culind ina bond traiged, TBC-LL¹ 2187 . ra gabastar a da ṡleig chendchritháncha bennacha isin charpat, 4604 . slegha slindlethna for crandaibh midhsenga ina lamaibh, 5537 (Stowe). tuc slinn na sleigi ┐ a forgraín re a édan, Acall. 1725 . bi in chomlaid co n-ev a slige co luid trea, RC xi 446.61 . ro cotar na curaidh . . . for a slegaib senta ┐ for a ruadhgaib remra, CCath. 5854 . do ghabh a tsh.¤ . . . ┐ do rad crecht adhbhal ar taebh dhes an Tigherna lancea, Smaointe B. Chr. 4277 . is í an tsleagh úd do sáthadh tré Absolon, TSh. 1009 . adeir in rí teile an túagh | crúadh a ṡleighi isí ar na sním, IGT Decl. ex. 1084 . ceann do ṡleighe ar gcora a croinn, TD 29.24 . tromghontar Eogan conad for crannu sleg ro himairced hé, SG 50.21 .

COMPDS. ¤aicbéil: cenn do c[h]ur in gach mbróin sesmuigh sleg-aigbēil dīb, ML² 1712 . ¤daire a wood of spears : s. slindgér na ngái, TTr. 1447 . ¤oll: Breogan . . . is a shil sleagoll sneidseang, BB 36b33 . ¤rann spear-point : Siol Semeoin sleithi slegrann (.i. do niodh sloidhe re rendaibh sleg), Leb. Gab.(i) 124.5 . ¤tholl pierced by a spear : gur fhagaib a sleasa go sleaghtholl, MR 272.7 .

slipre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. slipre or dil.ie/37959

n rod, stick, stake , etc. (in some exx. perh. collect.): rogabtha suind ┐ s.¤ doib `stakes and wattles were taken from them', Three Hom. 78.1 . ni denand fir na mna esorgain debtha . . . do dornaib na do slibrib `with fists or rods', Ériu xii 48.25 . s.¤ ┐ echlusca do gabáil dō `to lay scourges and horsewhips on him', MacCongl. 17.20 . robadh arm cona truaille ┐ robadh arm nocht ┐ robadh slibre, O'D. 569 ( H 3.17, 440 ). inund esge na n-arm ┐ eisce na slibri i n-urradhus, 2319 ( Rawl. 506, 33b ). gid gu narmaibh gid gu slibribh gattair, 2334 (ib. 36c ). tre robach slipred (sic leg.) ro feradh na cneda andsin, O'Curry 2091 ( H 4.22, 72a ) = tre robach slibri, O'Curry 592 ( H 3.18, 291 ). no gabtís glés do chloídmib cruadi . . . ┐ do sliprib ┐ do ṡabaib troma, LB 155a15 . do tshamachaibh tuagh ┐ slibre, B. Fermoy 62a6 . Fig. nár chuibhe dhi snaidhmeadh le slibire slímbhuaidheartha `a lanky person, a churl', O'Rah. iv 26 .

snigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. snigid or dil.ie/38165

Forms: senaig, shenaig, senaich, sinis, snige

v i Orig. with redupl. pret.: senaig, Fél. May 15 (cited O'Cl. s.v. seanaidh). ro shenaig , Trip.² 2841 . ro senaich , 2060 . A redupl. fut. is perh. to be seen in sinis, TBC-I¹ 3090 (rhet.). IGT Verbs § 74 . Vn. snige; cf. also 3 senad.

(a) pours down, flows, drips, drops : snidhfidh .i. silfidh, O'Cl. amal bróin nailgen sniges hi cnai `as the gentle rain that droppeth into a fleece', Ml. 89c15 . snegdatar sruamma do nim (the Deluge), SR 2521 . snigis fleochad a muig Life it rained, IT i 41.36 . coro snig flechud mór isin talmain sin, Trip.² 1420 . cene snigess snechta finn, O'Mulc. 110 . snigid snechta do cech róen, LL 298a26 ( SG 366.23 ). Cf. snigis ┐ legais in snechta `ran liquid' (Gloss.), MU² 507 . snigid gaim, LU 852 . sair snighes Tibris the Tiber flows eastwards, YBL 157a19 . rosnig Sūr im glūn a graige the S. rose round the knees of their horses, RC xxxvi 262 § 8 . co snigdis [uile] seoch in cathraigh isin muir `flowed', CCath. 1743 . snigid banna aile la taeb na columan trickles, PH 6358 . snigfid fuil [a?] formna fer, TFerbe 103 . snigfid crú a cnesaib curad blood will flow, LU 4586 (TBC). ro snigseat sruamandai . . . saerfholai dar curpu, Alex. 253 . co nusnigdis srotha fola . . . asa trillsib, TTebe 1034 . rus-snigestar frasa . . . der dar gruadib dí, 2176 . ro snigestar rath in spirita sechtanaig . . . forsna hapstalu, Fél. May 15 gl . on: rath in Spirto . . . | senaig for cléir. folt fochas . . . fair co sniged co brainni a imda hair . . . which flowed down over his shoulders, TFerbe 40 . amal rosnigset monga ┐ fuilt . . . do corraib na tuagh `the way . . . the hair . . . dropt from the beaks of the axes', CCath. 5897 . con sníghsead im flaithus na S. .i. clanna Niuil overran, BB 18b20 . a snigh do bhraonaibh le feadhaibh fannáille, DDána 83.17 . cenglait a croinn cu snighenn sugh friu amail chuslenna uiscidhe `so that juice drops from them like watery pipes', Marco P. 163 . amhail shnigheas gainimh na huaire san urláisde as the sand runs down in the hour-glass, TSh. 112 . gurab éasgaidh shnigheas ┐ shileas sáimhrighe na colna ón toicceach slips away from, 947 . snigfedh dioghal an Choimdhedh foraibh ind, BNnÉ 325 § 40 .

(b) Somet. also in pass. or with follg. accus. (cf. snige (b) supra) causes to flow, pours out: cú na cerda crithrib cró | snigfid fairne ferga fó will rout companies (?), TBC-LL¹ 539 . ? is tre fír [flathemon] aibne usci iasc a tonnaib de snamaib snegtar swimming fish are poured from the waves of the water of the river, ZCP xi 89 § 17 = segar, 82 § 23 , cf. p. 100 . snigtis tenid a meóir maith `his noble fingers used to drip fire', Metr. Dinds. iii 332.25 , but cf. co snigtis richsi teined a suilib a mér `poured out of', Dinds. 62 ( RC xv 460 ). roptar dera folai rosnighed it was tears of blood he shed, RC xxi 392.12 . ? Cf. sni[g]it, ciit, golait, Anecd. i 59 § 77 . nir snighedh on crand dúinn aniu acht daethain ar manach (of a tree which distilled nectar), BNnÉ 321 § 22 .

sním

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sním or dil.ie/38167
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: -a

[u, m.] vn. of sníïd. Cf. don rat fri snim saethraich séis, SR 1319 , where, however, the adj. may qualify séis. m., g s. -a, IGT Decl. § 95 (127.8) . Verbs § 37 .

I Act of twisting, bending, shaping .

(a) act of spinning : iar na thoirithniugad di o laim da snim `in spinning', Laws ii 372.19 Comm . fertas snīmae a distaff, O'Mulc. 524 . sním casil, Mart. Tall. 104.21 = ic figi chasil, Mart. Tall. 19 . augtair . . . na elathan . . . ic s.¤ a seólbratt weaving (?), LL 219a5 ( TTr. 138 ). bean ag snim an tsnaithi, TTebe 1322 . é ag sníomh choigíle, TSh. 5482 . cuiridh sí a lámha air an maide sníomha `spindle', Proverbs xxxi 19 . In humorous n.pr.: Tap ingen tSnima, Anecd. ii 56.3 . Fig.: na tri Parci ifernaide bite icc snim saeguil gac[h] aen duinne isin domun, CCath. 4180 .

(b) Of shaping withes, sticks, etc. (usually in proverbs): fer og snim ghaid, IT iii 36 n. 7 . ní fhulaing seanshlat a snímh an old rod cannot be bent, IGT Decl. ex. 656 . áiseach slat ó a sníomh `pliable is a sapling by being twisted', PBocht 5.55 . Cf. slat doishníomha an duine man is an unbending rod (i.e. intractable, unrepentant), IGT Decl. ex. 1699 . Perh. n. loc. in: re snim slat, BB 23a4 .

(c) Various applications. Of filigree work in gold: bretnas banbras . . . | d'arged amra | cona ecor dé ór fo shnim | gním as cadlu, Anecd. i 61 § 91 . do adaimh sníomh na nedh nóir | an fedh do chóidh ó chígh cuain the working of golden necklets (?), Rel. Celt. ii 226.3 . coro lád snim tenn . . . i mbarr uachtair na fidhbuidhe so that the top of the wood was twisted tightly together, CCath. 668 . go nár fhágaibh an ainbhthine . . . slat gan sníomh `a yard untwisted', ML 48.18 . ag sníomh tairngeadh `driving . . . nails' (i.e. in horseshoes), TD 6.9 (see Notes). a folt hi snim dar a aiss his hair plaited behind, Rawl. 81a45 ( Otia ii 87 ). fri s.¤ snúad in blending of colours, Metr. Dinds. iv 92.19 . Cf. sniomhsnúa .i. snamh srothann, O'Cl. ní fann in feidm ríog | sníom im gach crann cruaid to twist round every tree (of woodbine), SG 245.17 . Of poems: iomdha drécht . . . | da shníomh le mac súadh, L. Cl. A. B. 249.11 . ag sniomh a glac wringing his hands, 23 G 24, 391.23 . dóid-chleatha . . . is tréithe sníomh hands . . . most gently moulded, Keat. Poems 102 . ar bruach an t-srotha ro bhá ag sníomh tre lár an t-sléibhe which wound its way, Oss. iii 96.26 .

(d) In bardic verse freq. in sense of twisting or wrenching (perh. twirling or brandishing) weapons, hence fighting, doing battle: ar sníomh a airm d'fheirg Murchaidh | maidhm san leirg ar Lochlannchaibh when M.'s anger made him ply his weapons, DDána 85.25 . le sníomh goirmreann, 110.10 . sníomh do dhornchla i ngurt ghábhaidh `the labour of thy sword hilt', TD 10.29 . días fa sénamla ag snim crann (of two chiefs), Irish Texts ii 32 § 10 . go sníomh dornchar, go dáil crann, L. Cl. A. B. 239.66 . adeir in rí teile an túagh | crúadh a shleighi isí ar na s.¤ , IGT Decl. ex. 1084 (or to (b) ?). nī raibhe ag rīg . . . | muinnter mar muintir mo rīg | Taidg ūi Cheallaigh re snīomh slegh, ZCP viii 224 § 35 .

II Trouble, care, grief, anxiety .

(a) sniomh .i. tuirsi, O'Cl. s.¤ gl. cura, Ml. 89b7 . nísé snim fil forn `this is not what distresses us', Trip. 10.15 ( Trip.² 117 ). s.¤ lobrae, Fél. Prol. 223 . farith asin tsh.¤-sa | in pauperán, Ep. 407 . ar med a shnima, Sc.M² 3 (R) . hi sir-galur ┐ hi sírshnim, IT i 121.18 ( TE 7 Eg.). dia lem fri cech snīomh, Ériu iv 236.1 . saire cen sáethar cen sh.¤ , LU 2470 . ba s.¤ fri sáethar in sel it was a time of grievous labour, Metr. Dinds. iii 378.7 . comad lugaiti snim na saersluag re saethar ind imrama might be the less distressed by the labour of rowing, TTebe 1947 . cidh mor saet[h]or sin dano as dingmala do degmhnai mar tusa a snim do tabairt fris to devote her care to it, CCath. 4058 . is fair boi s.¤ lá dethitiu na n-uli n-eclaise, PH 1663 . turcbhaid | in s.¤ nítha `die Sorge um den Kampf', TBC-LL¹ 5796 . snim ┐ sirimradud an chatha . . . ar a menmain, TTebe 4329 . sníom cogaidh nó ceilge anxiety at the thought of war or treachery, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 15 § 7 . atbath cen nach snimh, Lism. L. 3689 . fer . . . | ar nach gcuirenn snīom slap[h]raid a man untrammelled by care, ML² 820 . ní aithrigh síon séis mbuinne | nach sníomh dot éis oruinne `without bringing anguish upon me', Studies 1921, 75 § 14 . sníomh intinne, L. Cl. A. B. 211.14 . a Chaitir fhíona . . . | nar mhór sníomha san saoghal `who didst care so little for', PBocht 14.30 .

(b) In phrases with verbs: don rat fri snim has brought us into sorrow, SR 1319 . na tabrad a snímh sibsi sin `let not that trouble you', RC xiv 54.18 . na tabrad t'aicned i s.¤ , YBL 314a25 . nat-cuired i snim ni bus mó, Fél. 56.8 . nior chuir sinn i sníomh go se | th'éara-sa, Dán Dé xxv 14 . ní sin . . . | . . . romla a snim which has grieved me, Irish Texts i 60.44 . na dena snim don melladh tugadh fort, Aen. 1189 . 'ar cur shnima in catha dibh `having put from them the anxiety of battle', CCath. 2259 . fer ro lá sníomh . . . an tsaoghail de, AFM vi 2220.2 . ba s.¤ ri cuane Chnuic Breg | éc ríg T., MacCarthy 190 § 3 . bid s.¤ leisna dáini do fhulaṅg-su, Ériu iv 142 § 19 . sníomh liom-sa th'Aonmhac `I lament thy son', Dán Dé xxvi 37 .

(c) As vn. caitte don tí da dtiocfa | a sníomh le srían n-oirbhiorta it must be subdued with the bridle of action (prosperity compared to a steed), L. Cl. A. B. 172.10 . sniom a neinigh ni hiongnadh, Rel. Celt. ii 266.12 . fuidheall áir . . . | 'gá sníomh ó chróluighe a gcneadh tortured by their wounds, Measgra D. 54.7 . atáid croidhe sonn gá sníomh | le trom n-oire gach airdríogh `straining', Studies 1921, 75 § 12 . teisd mar sin ag sníomh oram, expld. by Ed. as: ag breith greama orm impressing itself on me (?), DDána 85.11 . gin go mbé an saoghal da sníomh though the world is untroubled, L. Cl. A. B. 211.11 . 'san saoghal dár sníomh `while the world afflicts me', PBocht 5.51 .

Compds. ? dála sníomholla (second element oll? olann?), DDána 83.8 . ¤thoirse: claochládh sníomhthoirsi relieving of anxious sorrow, L. Cl. A. B. 149.106 .

taile, tele

Cite this: eDIL s.v. taile, tele or dil.ie/39601

Forms: tile, teli, teile, t.

v etc. ipv. 2 s. (prob. Germ. loanwd., Thurn. Hdb. § 586 ). give, bring hither: tale damsa a log, Ml. 36a32 . dalei co ndercar, TBFr.² 321 . tele damh in chloch, IT iii 83.21 . taili in mbairgin, Laws v 64.25 Comm. = tuc in mbair, IT iii 65.10 . tela ... ní tibér, H 3.17, col. 344 ( O'D. 488 ). dale póic dam, LU 373 = tile, RC xx 424.9 (ACC) = teli, BCC 196.36 . ? is fearr tele a lamh na teli a athair no mathar no athar gibe acu ara n-iarfa achuingi, Ériu xi 191.19 . t.¤ dam mo thiompán, TFrag. 220.10 . teile, Aithd. D. 51.2 . teile an tuagh , IGT Decl. ex. 1084 . tile dhom ... cumhachta, Ó Bruad. ii 262.

? As ipv. 1 p.: t.¤ ar n-ucht ar fein F. let us turn to F.'s band, Top. Poems 112.11 .

taistel, taistell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. taistel, taistell or dil.ie/39863

Forms: taisdiol, taisdioll

n o, m. taisdiol, taisdioll, IGT Decl. § 11 (55.6) . travelling, traversing, visiting : iarna t.¤ tair, LU 3073 = SG 236.10 . fhir ... in tastil tréin, RC xlvii 299.4 . `con taistiul-sa, xx 270.1 . co lín a treb taistil `wandering from home to home,' Metr. Dinds. iv 72.42 . rém do thastiull, Todd Nenn. 222.10 . ó righ Tuagh Mumhan taistill `of the marchings,' Leb. Cert. 260.18 . triasin ré cian roboi oc taisselbad hi fhoss .i. oc crabud .i. is fota icon taistel-sai[n], LB 239a13 . do fir taistil `thy messenger,' Laws i 156.30 . gilla taistill, ii 24.z. Comm. bé thastil, TFerbe 64 = echlach, 515 . Cf. for echlacha no for aes ... tastil sliged, TBC-LL¹ 148 . céli taistil messenger (?), Corm. 19.7 , see ZCP xv 247 . déanam taisdeal ceall is cros ` visit ,' Dán Dé xxix 9 . fear taisdil Teamhrach re ar d-tuathaibh `a man to lead us to Tara,' ML 78.5 . do thaisdioll an doire `to search out the wood,' Oss. iii 66.14 . ag t.¤ mar lucht braith timcheall an duine hovering , TSh. 7013 . ar eagla na fola do dhortadh le taisdiol lámh na dtuathadh in passing from hand to hand (of the cup of the sacrament), Eochairsg. 93.21 . iar tastill na talman do when he reached the ground, Stair Erc. 2399 =o no thaidhledh, xxvii.

taitnemach, taithnemach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. taitnemach, taithnemach or dil.ie/39917

Forms: taithneamnach, tatnemnach

adj o, ā (taitnem). taithneamnach, Ir. Gl. 800 . tatnemnach, Cog. 54.1 .

(a) bright, resplendent, glistening : t.¤ gl. laindrech, Fél.² xcvii June 9 . topor t.¤ , LU 2096 (FA). étach t.¤ , PH 1491 . isin lo fint.¤ , Laws i 66.4 Comm. topair gela ┐ srotha taitnemacha rivi lactis novi , Lat. Lives 79.x . a trillsi taitneamacha, TTebe 3457 . tuagh ... thaitneamhach, TD 16.66 . tlacht taitneamhach na ngrás, TSh. 1334 . Metaph. of exploits (cf. Engl. brilliant) : na tighernadha do ghniodh goil t.¤ , Leb. Gab.(i) 154 n. 4 .

(b) bright, splendid, beautiful : co tulaich ... taitnemaich, TTebe 2731 . co n-a srian t.¤ gl. i n-a chaen-chendus (of a horse), Laws v 62.22 Comm. 'na báirc thaitneamhaigh, TD 7.38 . re cōistigib taitnemhacha, Fl. Earls 32.16 . culaid thaitneamhach, Gen. xxvii 15.

(c) pleasing, pleasant, agreeable : a ban-chara t.¤ in choimded, PH 8328 . ini da ndenann a enech t.¤ is na tuathaib, Laws i 234.19 Comm. iar cainbiathad ... .i. iar mbiathad neich ... co taithnemach, ii 388.6 Comm. conail ... .i. is taithnemach ailtir `pleasantly is granted,' v 360.x Comm. caem ... .i. is taithnemach ... .i. is inmuin, O'Dav. 689. in maind t.¤ , Ériu ii 198.13 . a degchlann tsaer th.¤ , SG 349.36 . gach gníomha bhíos taitneamhach a láthair Dé, Donlevy 192.7 .

1 tana

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tana or dil.ie/40005

Forms: tanae, tanu

adj (tanae io, iā) thin, slender : tanae gl. tenue, Ml. 29b7 . séim t.¤ gl. exilem, Sg. 14a8 . Compar. combi tanu de `so that he is the thinner,' Ml. 34a27 . brat is tanoide a thilleadh a shawl which is the thinner for its folding, TD 23.8 .

(a) In general sense of thin, slender, narrow . Of persons : cēli t.¤ tōebtaisi, Ériu ii 16 § 4 . clērchīn t.¤ trūag, ZCP vii 297.5 . Of parts of the body : gan bhais dt.¤ ... | i slabhradh, TD 9.24 . bél t.¤ derg, Ériu iii 152.22 . t.¤ a troigh, PBocht 9.14 . Of arms, clothing, etc. : fiad a chlaidib th.¤ deirg ( sharp ?), LU 3630 ( SCC 31 ). tuagh th.¤ `slender,' TD 16.66 . sgian th.¤ , DDána 50.1 . truaille t.¤ a dtroigheadh `fine greaves,' TD 9.29 . in brat tiug (sic leg. ?) no in t.¤ , IT iii 94.9 . earr th.¤ mhíonshróill (a banner), DDána 85.8 . Of flat objects : ar in leic t.¤-sa, ZCP viii 562 § 2 . clár t.¤ , PBocht 10.46 . Various : in loim tanae thin milk, O'Mulc. 827 . cach treb th.¤ , Rawl. 77a8 . secht ndíasa t.¤ , Gen. xli 6.

(b) Of the sea, rivers, etc. shallow : etir muir t.¤ as tēcht-fhairgi, ACL iii 235 § 18 = Aithd. D. 61.18 . ruisg | ón t.¤ muir, TD 28.25 . on tsruth t.¤ , SR 5167 . for tonnaib t.¤ , LB 124a52 . ní heó linneadh t.¤ thú, IGT Decl. ex. 468 .

(c) sparse, scanty, scattered : masa chaill ... th.¤ , MU 24.32 . nochar t.¤ silcur na tragha ona fearaibh 'na faenluighi, CF 810 (cf. ZCP vi 30.33 ). an tí shíolchuireas go t.¤ , 2 Cor. ix 6 . dia tartam-ni .xxx. d'ar ndegdoinib immach ... bid tanaite ar clíath gabala sund, LL 283a4 . tríd slógh Teamhrach badh t.¤ , DDána 85.52 .

(d) As subst. : tré th.¤ na caillead thin part , TTebe 917 . o th.¤ a thaíb co tiug a ochsaille waist , LU 6417 (= TBC-LL¹ 2563 ). Acall. 76 . the narrow part of a pig's back (i.e. the front ribs): tinne dā mēr, domiter itir a tiug ┐ a t.¤, dā dorn itir ┐ a tiug, a do itir ┐ a t.¤ a side of bacon must measure on the average ..., ZCP xiv 351 § 9 ( Laws ii 246 ), see p. 352 . Cf. cona rāma do tiug t.¤ tuirc, MacCongl. 119.33 .

Compds. ? laighne tiugha tanfaobracha narrow-edged , ZCP viii 205 § 32 . tanaslaidi óir inna mbrataib thin strips of gold, BDD² 681 (see Gloss.).

Frequent at end of compounds (see under first components), e.g. Mac C. ... arm-th.¤ , BNnÉ 229.15 . a bhraont.¤ (of a place), DDána 68.27 . go creit chraest.¤ (of a chariot), TBC-LL¹ 3375.

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