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airdíbad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airdíbad or dil.ie/1834

n (díbad) act of extinguishing completely, quenching: airdibadh im in mbriugad ini da ndenann a enech taitnemach is na tuathaib , Laws i 234.19 Comm. (glossing: bancloth briugad . . . do eirdidbud, 232.2 ). soillse cen erdibad, MacCarthy 42.2 = cen ṡirdibad, SR 482 . bennacht . . . gan urdiobhadh, Misc. Hag. Hib. 22.7 . fledhucchad cen airdhibhadh, BNnÉ 78 § 150 . Of slaking thirst: do a.¤ híttad, Alex. 869 . tortromad na hittad . . . cen erdíbad, PH 4330 . gan airdhibhadh a níotadh, AFM v 1766.y .

(b) (cf. díbad II): is maic airdībad a athar i.e. a son has prior right to his father's inheritance, ZCP xv 310 § 5 .

See airdíbdud.

airtherach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airtherach or dil.ie/2433

adj o, ā (airther) front; eastern: rann oirtearach an chinn the front part of the head, 23 K 42, 168.14 . icon tenei (tenid v.l.) airtheraig, BDD² 1350 and n. on dumu airterach síartúaid, LL 3850 . ainm in dumai airtheraig, 3849 . tánic ón Gréic airtheraig, Metr. Dinds. iii 322.54 . cusin forind oirtheraig, Alex. 369 . ón uli tuathaib hoirrtherachaib, 372 . Bertlacha airthercha, Trip.² 1584 . cineda airtheracha in domuin, CCath. 1573 . a cind artherach Bratsleibi, Ann. Conn. 1256.5 .

as-indet

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-indet or dil.ie/4441
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: aisnéidid, assindet, asinedat, -aisndedat, asindedar, assindethar, asindetar, aisndid, aisnid, aisneid, isnith, aisneidem, atindided, asindiset, aisnindised, asidindissed, -aisṅdius[s]a, assinde, asindisem, asindisset, asrindid, aisnéidid, faisnéidid, aisndís

v ( ess-ind-fiad-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 520 ). See GOI 394 , ZCP xxix 102 . Later also as simple vb. aisnéidid. Declares, tells, relates ( about, of DO, DE). Indic. pres. 3 s. assindet gl. explicat, Ml. 95d3 . Wb. 6a9 . is do assindetsom inso `it is for this purpose that he declares this', Wb. 19b14 . assindet a sians isindí siu, 11a18 . ní lugu asnindet lathar inna ndule do dia `not less does the disposition of the elements set forth concerning God', Ml. 42b18 . asindet (adindet MS) dond ésergu, Hib. Min. 26 § 196 . feib asindfét Círine, ZCP iii 21.6 . ni bas coitchen inso dianaisndet duaid, Ml. 54a20 . dú in asṅdét de cithara `where he speaks of the cithara', Sg. 103a1 . nir aisndet tengae no tongue can relate, Blathm. 363 . 2 pl. asnindidid (MS as nindid), Ml. 115b11 . 3 pl. asnindetat, Ml. 42b7 . asinedat, Laws v 58.2 Comm. -aisndedat, Ml. 31a19 . airmm inaisṅdethat de dubiis generibus , Sg. 70b13 . asnidet . . . seachtdealbaigh inna delmann . . . ┐ asneidet iarsaide in fogail sechtmogtaig na pian, Ériu ii 128 § 95 . asnidet donaib adamraib rúndaib `they tell of', § 93. Pass. sg. asindedar gl. inseritur, Ml. 17a9 . assindethar gl. discribitur, 90b18 . amal asṅindedar i ssoscélu `as is declared in the Gospel', Wb. 13a36 . slicht asinnither alt mog mocoire .i. is é seo dliged aisnēidhim orro, no i sloinded asronaisnēidhter aircetal, Anecd. v 23.5 . ní aisṅdedar, Ml. 119c1 . fobíthin fobenad . . . menmain iond caich día naisnedtar `to whom it was told', Mon. Tall. 127.19 . aidhid briughad dian-ḟasnetar damo fair ana tig when he is told that guests have come to his house, ZCP xiii 270.17 . Pass. pl. asindetar gl. retexuntur, Ml. 92c9 . asindattar triar .i. . . . do déna aisneis ar triar, O'Curry 1972 (H 4.22, 16).

Ipv. 2 s. aisndid gl. amplica, Ml. 70c8 . asndíth cía cruth arrálad a thabairt ass, TBFr. 328 . aisnid, 384 . aisneid, SR 3313 . isnith, LU 3331 ( SCC 12 ). 1 pl. aisneidem, LL 1269 .

Indic. impf. 3 s. atindided, Ml. 123b15 .

Subj. pres. 2 s. ? me domciallfaithar caidh iar n-eraic nairc nairc aisndei (aisṅde; aisneide, v.ll.) (.i. ernai) (B. na f.), Ériu ii 3.7 . Taken to be ipv. sg. 2 by Joseph, Ériu xl 179-80 . 3 s. ? asn ind gl. sé adserere (mistaken lit. transl. of Latin, cf. as-indiut), Ml. 23d2 (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 516 ). 3 pl. asindiset gl. ut . . . explicare non ualeant, Ml. 23a19 . Subj. impf. 3 s. aisnindised, Ml. 31a22 . asidindissed, , 42b18 .

Fut. 1 s. -aisṅdius[s]a, Sg. 47a13 . 3 s. assinde, ZCP vii 483.30 (Enchir. Aug.). adgēn-sa cid ainm asind `I know what name he will tell', Ériu i 118 § 8 . See Hull, ZCP xxix 102 . 1 pl. asindisem gl. quid nos ad haec adferemus? Ml. 35a6 . 3 pl. asindisset, Ml. 45b19 . Wb. 30d8 .

Perf. 3 s. asrindid, Ml. 58a8 ; 25a10 (asrind MS). Críst as rúna rindaid `declared the mysteries of Christ', Fél. Jan. 12 . Pass. sg. as rindes gl. expresa est, Ml. 104c8 .

As simple vb. aisnéidid, faisnéidid: ní aisneidfind tria bith sír / cétmad adamra m'ardríg, SR 827 . ni aisneisea, LU 3482 ( SCC 25 ). coro aisnídem dona .vii. tuathaib rogabsat Herind rempo, LL 388 . ní aisnébet sin na senchaid dul damsa ónd orguin, BDD² 720 . ēirgidh Senchán co fert Fergusa . . . co raḟaisneide do scēlaib na Tāna dhó, ACL iii 5.6 . bid fír . . . a n-aisnédiub do tesmaltaib in ceneoil, Alex. 834 . issí a rúin ind anmannai sin no aisnided Colum cille do chách, LL 167b49 . bad lēir nosaisnēidfe dōib, Ériu vi 121 § 1 . ó ro aisnedhsem do ghabháil Ceasra cettus, Leb. Gab.(i) 190.1 . gur fhaisnéidh do Phádraic é, Keat. i 150.20 . Of the mention or non-mention of a subject in legal authorities: nochon aisneidh fuillem leo, Laws v 418.20 Comm. atait ceithri súltaig da naisneiginn in Feinechas, i 242.14 Comm.

Vn. aisndís. IGT Verbs § 83 .

atharda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. atharda or dil.ie/4648

(athair)

I Adj. io, iā paternal, ancestral: selb fini athardai, Laws i 260.5 . bát seichmech ríagla athardai, LU 3492 ( SCC 26 ). i n-agaid in rechta a.¤ , IT i 170.10 . cíarb' a.¤ rop aneól though he took after his father(?), Metr. Dinds. iv 160.208 . ó a n-iathaibh athardha, ML 102.4 .

II Subst. fatherland, patrimony; native land: notbera cot athardu, Rawl. 82b22 . ardotchiat cach dia indálaib t'athardai eter du gnathu inmaini, LU 10028 (`in den Versammlungen deines Vaterlandes', ZCP xvii 203 ). in fil a.¤ aile acum acht so ?, RC xxvii 274 § 26 . Oenfer Aife ciarba du / do diclith 'na athardu that he went unrecognised in his native land, Dinds. 95 . biaidh amal índiubarta i tuathaib . . . cin adhbaidh na atharrdha, LL 386b20 . im ardadh in agidh na hathardha, CCath. 101 . béim ar inchaib na ha.¤ , MR 302.1 . cisi slonnud no hainm no hatharrdai do, Stair Erc. 1298 . dá gach fhior a athardha, DDána 74.46 . iturus eris ad patriam tuam .i. raga . . . cot athardai fodein, Three Hom. 12.4 . fer roba mór teist . . . do réir a athardha `considering his patrimony', AFM vi 1984.20 . críoch d'athardha fan seang sriobh / um cheann atharrdha a aithriotth, O'Hara 2717 . Of heaven: ro fhaidh sein a spirat co a athardha etir coraidh aingel, AFM ii 1136.14 . óna athardha dhílis .i. flaitheas Dé, TSh. 6357 .

Further uses: airrdena na n-athardha d'aithris ancestors , MR 150.12 . ar socar d'fadbail da athardaib, TTebe 4170 . co n-urraind dā n-athardha umpa kinsmen, ML² 1775 . dochuaid Ailill Flann Bec i n-a.¤ co Ailill Flann Mar became the adopted son of A., Rawl. 148a10 . Flaithbertach . . . do dul a n-athardha co hAedh, RC xviii 19.5 (Tig.). Cf. athargad.

aurradus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aurradus or dil.ie/5033
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: urradus

n u and o, m. (aurrae).

(a) native law . `The common law obtaining between members of the same `túath', oppd. to `cáin', a law imposed by a king (perhaps an over-king) or by the Church', Ériu xii 69 . See also Bürgschaft 75 n. a.¤ (urradus) ' current law' signifies the ordinary law current at the time of writing, whereas cáin 'book law' refers to the earlier state of affairs found in the commentaries of old law books Ériu lii 136 n. 39 , Literature and Politics in the Celtic World 199-200 , The Irish Jurist xxxiii 359 . See cáin. fēich erradais liabilities within the kin, Cáin Ad. 40 . nac[h] tan . . . bīt[h]er cen rīg isnaib tūathaib is brāthcāi fognī[at] etorra .i. fria urradus, Corm. Y 144 . Cf. tigradus .i. tigurradus, 1230 . ni coirpdire cana na urraduis é, O'Curry 1443 ( H 3.18, 644b ). coirpdire deisi i nurradus no aen duine a canaid . . . cid ima ndebert sin? . . . uair ni haicinta coirpdire cana d'fognam i nurradus cein fogabar i nurradus in coirpdire, 650 (ib. 314 ). saire ar fiachaib ata sin i nurradus ┐ nocho nuil saire ar biadh i nurradus amail ata a cain; ise fath fodera sin ar teirce bidh urraduis ┐ ar imad bidh a cain, 695 (ib. 336 ). da secht cumala eisein no cethre secht cumala urradhuis, 995 (ib. 426a ). inund ropdach na narm ┐ ropdach na slibri i nurradhus . . . acht in deithbhir uil eturro is i cain ata injury by weapons and by animals count equal in native law, O'D. 2319 ( Rawl. B 506, 33b ). is mo cumal cana na cumal urraduis . . . nocha mo seoit cana ina seoit urraduis, O'Curry 1207 ( H 3.18, 482ab ). coirpdire cairde ind . . . eraic . . . urradais ind, 1005 (ib. 428a ). brethamnus urraduis imurro in tan na bí rí sundradhach isin crích judgment according to native law, O'D. 632 (H 3.17, c. 470).

(b) the state of being an `aurrae'; leadership, supremacy: ? is deora nech ina crich urraduis ┐ is urra neach ina crich deoraidheachta, O'Curry 2334 ( Eg. 88, 26(27)a ). hi tir nad bi urrathus duit in which you have no standing, 2026 (H 4.22, p. 52) = urrus, 468 (H 3.18, p. 246). cach urrudus co deoraidecht / cach deoraidecht co hurradus, ACL iii 227.56 . ca tír a ḟuil t'urradhus?, Anecd. i 34 § 71 . dligim a hurradus d'iarraidh, / bunadas diamair a dind (of Banba), Ériu x 76 § 3 . ní trén th'urradhus, BS 16 . ar Mhagh Luirg . . . / dá n-áirmhinn a urradhas his supremacy, DDána 82.32 . Ó Briain ga mbí ar n-urradhus who rules over us, IGT Decl. ex. 1038 . ní dar íribh nó ar ábhacht / d'urradhas nó dh'éadánacht `in assurance or timidity', TD 17.60 .

(c) suretyship; guaranty: antí théid a ráithiges nó a n-urrughas, Triads 39 § 139 . ni laimter arratas ar cin a leten `responsibility', BCrólige 34 . Aedh epscop . . . in urradhas mna do shaoradh, Mart. Don. Feb. 7 . fúaslaicter di Mac Conglinne for errudus Picháin, MacCongl. 117.18 . gach dimain da leigfi rig (leg. ris?) beith a tír gan a cur ar urrudus without requiring him to find security(?), O'Curry 290 (H 3.18, p. 159). urradus .i. cin, 1478 (H 3.18, p. 654) `i.e. the liability of a surety', Plummer MS notes. cró ó inn dano, is hēisidh[e] saighes fine ar urradhas ar athathgabáil (sic), Ériu i 214.26 . ciniud sin do nach dlegar cis no cain . . . no ediri, no irradas . . . acht atitiu nama, Cog. 54.7 . biaidh misi a nurrudhas duit air, Gen. xliii 9 . má bhíonn tú a nurrugas ar do charaid if thou be surety, Proverbs vi 1 .

(d) Various: urramhas nachar dhluigh dhó / do chuir d'urradhas orra obliged them to show a respect (?) which was not his due, DDána 74.26 = IGT Decl. ex. 1026 . ? in cath ní heol nirradais, LL 276b32 = ní hórd i., SG 396.31 . ? clú . . . nó mórurradhnós (órnós v.l.) do bheith orm `reputation', ITS i 6.21 . Cf. lean d'urradhus ┐ d'éifeacht, MS. Mat. 565.24 . Perh. also with this meaning in: ar n-iomthus-ne ┐ ar n-urradhas, ML 112.27 .

béim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. béim or dil.ie/5566
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: béime

(-mm) n, n. vn. of benaid, see GOI § 735. b.¤ m. and f., g s. and n p. béime, IGT Decl. § 45 (g s. ex. 572, d s. ex. 693).

(a) act of striking; cutting, hewing, taking (off, away), removing, stripping (clothes, etc.): beim a cinn fri cloich gl. capita petrís inlidant, Ml. 139c3 . la beim dom churp cuimnech `at the smiting of my mindful body', Fél.² Ep. 363. fo-loimetar a b.¤ cosna claidbib they threaten to smite him, BDD² 1206. ba b.¤ cride fri cliab leis (of fear), TBC-LL¹ 1038. iarna beím dó asa fremaib (of an oak), Sc.M² 18R . oc bēim ḟeda, TBC-I¹ 778. fertais carpait do bēimim (béim, LU), 780 . a chenn do bēim (bein, v.l.) de, Sc.M² 7. dixit cend Lomnae drūith īarna bēimeim de, Corm. Y 1018 (87.4) . iar mbeim a chind do Ch. `after striking off C.'s head', Ériu ii 30 § 13. a ndrisi ┐ a ndraigne do beim dib (of land), Laws i 128.9 Comm. im beim adbar droichit `cutting the materials for a bridge', 134.27 Comm. b.¤ .i. búain, O'Cl.

Special applications: sesem ic beim in cluic, Thes. ii 346.38 . oc b.¤ tened, BDD² 480. b.¤ spréde, 487 . tene an aonbeime .i. Aodh (see áed), Anecd. ii 52.1 . iar mbēim eiti when he flaps his wings, ZCP vii 310 § 7. dóṡuidigthi .i. cechtar nái foleith cen b.¤ foscdæ innalaill (gl. apposita) without (the one) casting a shadow on the other (of genders of oppidum and Suthul), Sg. 63a15 . íar bēim dei a lēned having taken off his tunic, TBC-I¹ 1387 . a etach . . . do beim do na corpaib, Laws i 176.7 Comm. ní maith lim-sa a manaig do bēim ar L. `to deprive L. of his monks', BColm. 84.16 . ? ni fess mo bunad ria beím `I know not my race to proclaim it', Ériu vii 225.19 .

(b) blow, stroke; cut: bemmen gl. ictús, Ml. 39c17 . bémen dígle . . . nímmalle act is cach ae fo leith .i. coic cethorchuit béimmen `blows of punishment . . . five forties of blows', Wb. 17d2 . ind mbemmi a glancing blow, LL 11091 ( TBC-LL¹ 4285 ). fer benas dam óenbeímmim `at a single blow' (Vocab.), Críth G. 557. is ē nobenfad a crand ōen bēim (óenbéimim, LU) dia bun, TBC-I¹ 339. b.¤ búirid fri teora sústa iarnae they strike a blow with three iron flails, BDD² 1270. co tarat beim ( la tabairt beimen, FB 39 Eg.), LU 8536. dobert b.¤ dind echfleisc dó, 3287 ( SCC 8 ). benaim bēimend ágmara / for slōg síabra, TBC-I¹ 1686 ( LU 6170 ). roben a teora mǣla Midi da thrī bēmennaib, TBC-I¹ 3603. in treas beimennd Fergusa . . . .i. na tri maola Midhi, it e na tri beimenna, Anecd. ii 52.13 . dá cét mbéimen for láma (of penitential exercises), Ériu i 197.5 . cin coisi, di bemium `crime of foot, by kicking', Laws i 238.11 . doradad iarsin b.¤ dara munel cor beanad a cheand de, RC xxiv 56.1 . beim co commus (one of Cú Chulainn's feats), Ériu iv 30.12 . beim fo clos `some kind of military exploit' (Plummer MS. notes), BB 488b22 . co mbeim léoman (rhetoric), LU 5442 , TBC-I¹ 966. bēimm dobeir nathair do neoch an adder's sting for someone, Bruchst. 22 § 48 ( IT iii 78 § 48 ). fri b.¤ n-aéla thrust (of a fleshfork into a cauldron), LL 38376 ( RC xiii 58 ). ráinic b.¤ ǽile fon choire do Conall, RC xxix 219.19 . B. breo betha buadaig / beim in æl airimh ænuigh, Lism. L. 3464. rus-bean bem da heirr `struck . . . with a stroke of its tail' (of a serpent), TTebe 2074 . gearraidh sí (i.e. a scythe) d'aon-bh. an feóithne ┐ an fochnagán, TSh. 2644.

Extended applications: Bemenda Branduib i mBreghaib (i.e. ` seven battles', ed.), RC xvii 163.12 . Bemenna B. i mBreaghaibh, AFM i 222.6 . brogais Bernsa b.¤ don maig `advanced a pace', Metr. Dinds. iii 92.39 . bēim graece bemandro .i. pasus (leg. passus), O'Mulc. 140. bēim didiu .i. césad nó foditiu (through confusion with Lat. passio ?), ibid. b.¤ .i. céim, O'Cl. bēim, cēim `a step', Eg. Gl. 717 (see Ériu xi 119) . beim beg do breathaibh crolighi annso (title of passage consisting of extracts from commentaries on Bretha Crólige, see Ériu xii 2 ), O'Curry 305 (H 3.18, 167). Cf. beimm cenelach lessom anisiu `this is a general remark (?),' Thes. ii 39.22 .

(c) In legal contexts determination, decision, definition, rule, statement (?): b.¤ .i. cinneadh, O'Cl. beim tuathi do nartaiched aicne .i. in cinnedh doní in tuath on aigne dia toirithín, O'Curry 444 (H 3.18, 238b). beim naillech nad nertad tuatha deter- mination, assertion (?) by oath, Laws i 232.1 (and 234.6 Comm.). beim nailliuch . . . .i. noill cinnti . . . .i. in luighe cinnedh (in tuath), O'D. 105 (H.3.17, 86). b.¤ sét ro slanaige tuathband, 576 (443). beim .i. cinne (leg. cinned, Stokes), beim sochaidi ro sluagaigh (leg. slanaigh) tuathbann .i. is cinne sochaidhi, O'Dav. 311. beim sochaidh ro slanaigh tuathbann .i. ro slanaigh in dliged so co obund is na tuathaib. Cail mar cuirfidh in bec sin re cheile. In beim annsa roscadh inand he ┐ in dliged ata sa fasach. In tobonn ata sa fasach is inand ┐ in beim mar in cetna, O'Curry 2113 (H.4.22, 79a). beim sochuir ro slánaigh tuathband ┐ do garar nos la curaibh cosmailsi, O'D. 533 (H. 3.17, 431) `the striking [?] of a good contract which public law validates', Plummer MS. notes. beim tairbe na tarrathar .i. bem so tairben cluais na tarruith nech adidceth, O'Curry 879 ( H 3.18, 394a ).

(d) In various special phrases: b.¤ n-asclaing see asclang. b. císa a rate (?) (levying ?) of tribute: ben do beim císa orainn, Lism. L. 3195 . Cf. (c) supra. b.¤ n-écndaig, cf. (e): ba ussa . . . a dilgud sein oldaas beim n-ecnaich for Dia `blasphemy of God', Ériu ii 122 § 63. See écndach. b.¤ forais (see forus): b.¤ foris inso sís uile all that follows is a laying down, or statement, of rules, Wb. 25c18 . aphorism: forus .i. forismus graece sermo breuis latine ipocrāit (?) no excerptio interpretatur unde dicitur adcomced beim foruis fair (see Gwynn, KMMisc. 183 ), Rawl. 108b36 , O'Mulc. 578. b.¤ súl(a) (see s.v. súil): gebis galur Dauid . . . tria béimm súla ┐ tria aídcell anfhoill, LB 129a15 . treisi an b.¤ súla iná sin the evil (?) (envious ?), eye can go further (lit. is stronger) than that (?), Bard. Synt. Tr. 219.17 .

(e) Fig. blow, stroke of feeling, emotion; reproach, offence (with FOR, AR); blemish, fault, disgrace: beim di omhon, Ériu ii 134 § 118. in bem dimecin dorat L. fair, BB 416a16 . dorat . . . aithis ┐ beim forsan coicedh n-uili, Sc.M² R 14 . benais M. b.¤ n-aisce fair reproached him, TBC-LL¹ 472. beim ar a ecna `offence à sa science', RC xxiv 377.29 . b.¤ .i. égnach no toibhéim, O'Cl. , Eg. Gl. 718. is b.¤ ar inchaib na h-atharda, MR 300.31 . fagail beime ni dual di she should not receive reproach, ZCP ii 337.22 . ní b.¤ ar Bh. `no reproach to B.', TD 6. 17 . le a dtréithibh gan bh.¤ ar bioth, Hackett lv 13 . ná bíodh 'na bh.¤ air ar n-obadh, IGT Decl. ex. 693. buain béime ar mo bhogha-sa `that you have undertaken to revile my bow', Content. xxiv § 22 .

Compd. ¤scrisad: do bhéimsgriosadh . . . le tréan-thuile mhóir violently snatched away, O'Rah. 44.5.

belgaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. belgaid or dil.ie/5623

n also belgod (Lat. Belgae) name of a language, the Belgic (?) language : Grec ┐ Laiden ┐ Bretnais ac Fearaib Bolc ┐ B.¤ acu i nErinn, Lec. 181 va 49 . (of the languages of pre-Milesian invasions) Gréc . . . / ac feraib bolc . . . / ┐ b.¤ bérla binn / rosfognadh dóib . . . / Germáin ac tuathaib dé dron / laiten gréc gaeidelg belgod, SG 348.8 , 9 . Fir Bholg Grēcc, Laidin, Breathnuis ┐ Bealgoth leō; Tuatha Dē Danann Gearmāin, Laidin, Grēcc, Gaoidhelg ┐ Bealgoth leō, Celtica i 99.7, 9 .

bráth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bráth or dil.ie/6579

Forms: brách, -áith, -átha, bratha

n u and o, m. See GOI 198. 1 - 3 . Wagner, Beiträge 294 n.13 , ZCP xxviii 238. Also brách. b.¤ m. g s. -áith, -átha, no pl. inflexion, IGT Decl. § 38.

Judgment, esp. the last Judgment, Doom, Doomsday: brath .i. combrec din donni is braut .i. judex. is la brethemain din a ænur in laethesin in brátha .i. Jesu Christi , Corm. 6. brāth a bratio, ar is ed būaid dēdenach bīas .i. lāithe mbrātha. Bratiium didiu mind doberar for cend mīled iar coscar: sic breth brātha iar forcinn gnīma cāich, O'Mulc. 123. bairesc .i. forcend mbrātha, 179 , cf. O'Dav. 308. lasnahí dofuircifea b.¤ i mbethu `the Judgment', Wb. 25b16 . isamlid dorriga dia do b.¤ `even so God will come to judgment', 28 . co iar mbrath `until after Doom', Ml. 128b1 . immi co tíssat do brāth (:cāch) that led by him (sc. Pátraic) they may come to Judgment, Thes. ii 316.4 (Hy. ii). donnesmart i mb.¤ a brithemnacht .i. arin brithemnas bratha, 322.9 , 28 (Hy. iii). dogoa bethaid no brath he chooses life or doom, LL 19069 ( Misc. Hib. 17 § 3 ). baramhail ar bh.¤ (of a futile attempt), ML 98.12 . sgela . . . an bhracha, KMMisc. 316.27 . smál borb an brátha, IGT Decl. ex. 993. ar cinn bráith (: -tráith), ex. 994 .

Legal: brath .i. bríad .i. fuigheall. ┐ fuigheall on mbreithir brath, O'Cl. b.¤ Cai Judgment of Cae (name of a mythical lawgiver, see Laws i 20 f. Introd. to Senchus Mór), a legal precept , O'Mulc. 125 cited infra; hence law inherent in such a precept, customary law ( Bürgschaft 75.16 ): ba Cai ba breithem laisin luingius uile (sc. luinges macc Míled). Inde dicitur Brethcath no brath Cai . . . brath amh inn cach brethi . . . amuil asberur brath . . . don brath deighinuigh beirius Dia for a duile, Laws i 22.4 - 7 Comm. bráthchæi .i. brethcheo ǽi. aliter quod est verius .i. Cǽi Cænbrethach . . . nach tan bíther can ríg isna tuathaib is bráthchǽi fogniad forru fri hurradus. dia mbe imorro rig is rechtge són amail as maith lais, Corm. 7. Cf. a mbreith Chæi Chaenbrethaig, 9 s. clithar sét. nach tan din mbithe cin rí is na hib (sic) tuathaib is brácai fogni eturra fria urradus dia mbe imorro, ri is rechtgi son amail is maith lais is aire din isberar Cae caoinbrethach de fo bith it bretha rachta no beri, O'Curry 2278 ( Eg. 88, 20bb ). brathcae .i. breth .i. aithgin ae .i. dire, 2757 (81a1), O'Dav. 244. brathchai .i. bretho Cai, ainm aicepta bēlri, O'Mulc. 125. amail isbeir a mBrathchae: anad cach athgabala, etc., Laws i 210.28 . it cetheora urrathas docuisin: urrathas bratha cai, ┐ urrathas cana, ┐ aurrathas cairdi, ┐ aurrathas fri neimtiu, 260.14 .i. a cin a brethemh[n]acht Cai Cainbrethaidh urris .i. is fair aratus a cin is in riaghuil, 274. 29 Comm. it cetheora arag fristobngiter na ceithri aurathais; aithgabail fri brat[h]a Cai, giall fri cain, aitire fri cairddi, gell fri neimthiu, 260.16 (see Bürgschaft loc. cit.). See Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 195 - 199 , ZCP xxxi 39 , Celtica x 51 .

In phrr. día (lá) brátha, see 3 día, : fri laa brátha gl. ad iudicium, Wb. 29a28 . cu llae .m.brátho, Thes. ii 239.14 (Ardm.). b.¤ bennachtan a sentence of blessing (precise application in TBC not clear): bia foind animsin co roseacha brāth bennacht ( bennachtan, LU 6100 ) fort, TBC-I¹ 1629 (Cú Ch. to the Morrígu). dombertsom brāth bennachtan furi, 1752 = b.¤ bennachtan, LU 6254. is é brath forgell (compound bráthḟ. ?) bennachtan Domnaill . . . ro briathraigestar as á bheol `it was in reality the influence of the blessing of . . . D.', etc. MR 298.8 .

In adverbial phr. co b.¤ , co dé mbrátha (see 3 día) till Doomsday, for ever; in neg. sentence never: cech nóeb bói, fil, bías / co b.¤ . . . `up to Doom', Fél. Ep. 290. méraid co dé ṁbratha (: rrátha), Prol. 174. adopart Áed aidacht . . . du P. cu bb.¤ , Thes. ii 242.19 (Ardm.). co brāch nō īar mbrāch, ZCP x 345.2 . ni ba fer dam-sa co brach thú, vi 34.6 . 'na ainbheas go b.¤ ná bíod let them never be ignorant of it, Dán Dé ix 21 . co dtī an brāth, ML² 163.

In wider sense doom, destruction: brath .i. milleadh, O'Cl. ō thuc b.¤ do Ch. `dealt doom to C.', Hail Brigit 5 . is bēimm do brāth (: āth) ma robīth destruction (Meyer), Bruchst. i 55 § 123 ; AFM ii 648.24 . co mbi brāth do thúathaib ┐ do ecailsib `ruin to peoples and churches', Ériu i 218 § 3. brāth for buidne (of a warrior), TBC-I¹ 353. b.¤ ┐ digal, LL 32665 ( TTr. 1873 ). fá díothúghadh deagh-dhaoine . . . an brath céad ┐ ceann ┐ colann `the loss in men', etc. ML 130.25 . daíg ni b.¤ dar brúach, LL 10333. an brath tar bruachaibh `the (man of) destruction over the border', CF 307.

Attrib. g s.: tene bratha `the fire of Doomsday', Mon. Tall. 129.37 . In vague general meaning great, terrible, awful: blascbeim brátha (in collision of fighting bulls), LL 12372. tonn bhrátha an talmhan ar troimnimh (of Vikings), SGS iv 66 § 28.

Compds. With nouns and verbal nouns: aga buaidred, ┐ aga bhrath-aimsiugad, MR 268.30 . brath-airlech na mbuiden, 238.9 . bráithbemenna mára deadly blows, LU 10459. bar a bráthbalcbemmennaib, LL 107846 (TBC). o brathbuilleadaib mora mileta `lethal blows', TTebe 2531 . noco cumgaid . . . a aisneis in brathlai bodba dorocair ar lar na Troi day of doom, BB 444b4 . in brathlecc bidbad, LL 8220 `the des- tructive stone of enemies' (sc. Fergus), TBC-LL² 657 . ro fotraicsidar . . . an mbrathluirg `the lethal club', TTebe 1003 . U. cona brathsluagaib `destructive horde', Caithr. Thoirdh. 45.17 . cona bhrathsocraite, 49.34 . leis an mbráith-theine with the fire of Doom, TSh. 4003.

With adjj. derived from nouns: beithir . . . braithbéimniuch, MR 278.25 . braithbheartach .i. mórbhuilleach, no móirbhriathrach, O'Cl. buarach brath-bodb[d]a `mighty', MR 296.10 . mac Aeda bratbuillig (sic) `warlike', 292.11 . a bráthbullig Midi (subst.), LU 8111 ( FB 8 ). buidni brathgonacha, ZCP xxx 114.31 .

dliged

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dliged or dil.ie/17034
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: dlíged, dligeth, dleged, dligid, dligud, dliguth, ndliged, dligetha, dligeda, dliged, dliged, dligedaib, dligedib, dlige, dligid, dligid, dliged, dligetha, dligedaib

n o, n. n a s. dlíged, Wb. 10d16 , 19 . dligeth, Sg. 26b7 . dleged, Ml. 50d2 . g s. dligid, Wb. 3c7 , 13a29 . d s. dligud, 5d8 . Ml. 19d10 . Sg. 71a6 . dliguth, 26b7 . frisa ndliged , Wb. 23c11 . a pl. dligetha, Wb. 6a23 ; 13a29 . dligeda, Ml. 35b1 . dliged, 18c11 . g pl. dliged, 35b17 . d pl. dligedaib, Ml. 16b6 . dligedib, Sg. 193b6 . Later often dlige.

Charles-Edwards, Celtica xxiv 75-78 , proposes the following ordering for the O.Ir. senses: I (a) an individual’s entitlement, right. (i) a right in respect of fair contract as opposed to naidm ‘binding surety’. (ii) name of the second of the five paths to judgement chosen by a plaintiff who is the creditor in a contract, whereas the third path, cert, is chosen by someone arguing that the terms of a contract were unfair, Cóic Con. § 8-9 (R/E Recension) . (iii) Of the judicial settlement of a claim which follows upon the defendant’s decision to accept legal process, the right as upheld by a judicial verdict. Hence (iv) rightful state or condition. (b) (collectively) body of rights. (c) thing or action to which someone is entitled; debt, obligation. (d) g s. as attrib.: rightful. (e) As adverb: rightfully. II (Latin usage) (a) = ratio: (i) calculation (ii) argument (iii) reason (iv) grammatical process, mode or method of forming derived (v) rational order, intelligible structure (b) = sententia or dictum (sometimes ‘correct statement’ in contrast to toimtiu ‘wrong opinion’). (c) = intellectus . To which add (d) form: amal rochumtaig thall i céttustin na ndúl na curpu dermara den dligud nemaicside ┐ den dligud nemchorptha ro techtsat co hinchlithe intib na dúli dia ro tusmidea na cu[i]rp sin '… as He (God) had fashioned then in the primal creation of all the elements the vast bodies from the invisible form and from the incorporeal form which the elements out of which those bodies were generated possesed latent within them' Medium Ævum lxxviii 219 (LU 2598, Scéla na esérgi) .

I In O.Ir. Glosses in various senses of the Lat. ratio which it freq. glosses or translates ( Wb. 5d8 , cf. 24b21 , Ml. 19d1 , 27d7 , 54a4 , 111c17 , Sg. 40a7 , 61a9 , 63a9 , 75a1 , 181a8 , BCr. 3c ). Transl. ius, Ml. 98c8 , cf. Sg. 11b2 ; dictum, Ml. 35b1 . Acr. 6a1 . placitum ( maxim, rule ), Sg. 7b9 .

(a) In sense of Lat. ratio, guiding principle, law, or theory (regarded as basis of belief or action): iár ṅdligud hirisse gl. secundum rationem fidei, Wb. 5d8 . ni fel nech lasa mbed d.¤ remdeicsen do dechrugud etir maithi ┐ olcu, Ml. 19d2 . d.¤ buithe in boicht fo mam int sommai the principle that the poor should be under the yoke of the rich, 27d7 . ba nephimmaircide nad techtadsom d.¤ coimdemnachtae isnaib dulib doforsat gl. ut nihil iuris haberet in his quae ipse consederat, 17b6 . conna biad d.¤ n-erchissechta la dia gl. miserationis ius, 98c8 . ní coméicnigedar na d.¤ insin gl. nulla ratione cogente, Sg. 61a9 . ní chen d.¤ a nephdiall gl. non absque ratione non declinatur, 75a1 . do chloud in dligid sin view, theory, gl. ad huiusmodi depellendum errorem, Ml. 56b16 .

Hence (b) principle, rule, norm ; common in Sg. of laws of grammar, etc.: d.¤ lechtha .n. post .m. the law of the liquidation of n after m, Sg. 11b2 . d.¤ nihelsa rule of nullity, 14a2 . conforcmat d.¤ inna ṅdiuite so that they (components) preserve the law of uncompounded words, 21b4 . a nd.¤ cruthaigtheo genitensa this norm of forming the genitive, 113b3 . d.¤ rimae law of calculating, 181a8 . ised slánd.¤ salto, noichtiche col-leuth du árim i n-éscu the sound law of the leap (gl. salva ratione), BCr. 3c . dlighi gl. rhetorica, Ir. Gl. 87 .

(c) dictum, authoritative statement: ni ed a met demnigmi-ni ar ndligeda ho testimnib screptaire gl. dicta nostra, Ml. 35b1 . ní fail ní nád tái mo dligeth-sa fair (Priscian is the speaker), Sg. 26b7 . inna dligeda anúas roráitsem, Thes. ii 2.34 ( Acr. 6a1 ). dofuit im lín chéin d.¤ ndoraid, Thes. ii 293.21 (SP ii). atta ni forsatæt a nd.¤ sa which supports this statement (that David alone sang the psalms), Hib. Min. 5.149 . More loosely of a statement or saying in general: adrimfem . . . cech n-oin d.¤ fil in psalmis , Ml. 14d5 . trisna dligeda mrechtnichti inna aisndissen `varied expressions', 44d11 . 76a13 .

(d) reason, argument: n-armtar (sic leg.) condegdligedaib dia frithtuidecht with good reasons to oppose them gl. his obiectionibus . . . poterint armari, Ml. 16b6 . ata d.¤ ann there is reason for it, PH 5207 . ata ni do dligudh and, Anecd. ii 17.8 . in dligedchetil so gl. ratiocinationis, ZCP vii 480 ( Enchir. Aug. 71a ).

(e) reckoning, computation (?): intan as conguin dligid hua dligud ailiu `the violation of a reckoning by another reckoning' gl. de ratione (computation, referring to calendar), Sg. 181a8 .

(f) nature, condition, kind, manner: ní ó ógai tantum acht is . . . ó dligud lanamnasa the lawful state (?) of matrimony, Thes. ii 3.34 . is he sin dlige (leg. dliged) demin tresa tanic an imagin-se Crist . . . co Siria, PH 232 .

II Hence law in wide sense, of a prescript, code, or tradition based on authority of some kind and demanding obedience; `both law in general and a subjective legal right', Críth G. p. 84 . See also Cóic Con. 8 , Stud. in E. Ir. Law 13 , 16 . duni conái dligid (= dliged?) Dé, SR 449 . iar ndligud Dé, 4447 . dliged a n-ecailse, 4920 . iar ndliged rechta Moysi, PH 5110 . comedait d.¤ na fírinde diada, 4063 . iar ndligud chardessa no chondalbais according to the law of gossipred or relationship, RC xxv 248 . is do chóicid Connacht iar ndlighed roindi coicid in ferann sin according to the law of the division of a province (or in sense I (f) above ?), RC xxiv 186 . Esp. of civil law: ata i ndlige na fēine buachaill oc cach cethra it is (enacted) in the law of the F. that, Laws iv 96.22 . issed adeir dligedh this is what the law says, 48.9 Comm. dlighe frithe the legal regulations regarding waifs, v 336.9 Comm. fail lim d.¤ is damna, | senchas sliged sóer-Banba ` legal lore ', Metr. Dinds. iii 278 . ní mheasaim go bhfuil cine . . . is mó do bhiadh umhal do dhlighe ionáid Éireannaigh dá roinnti comhthrom an dhlighidh riú, Keat. iii 5751 . gur chumadar dlighthe . . . dhóibh féin contrárdha do dhlighthibh . . . na hanma, TSh. 2929 . reacht, dlighe, Eg. Gl. 520 . fear dlighidh lawyer , Hy Fiach. 50 . dochtúirí an dlighidh, Luke v 17 . dliged Canona, AU 1336 . saoi foircthe isin dá dhligheadh .i. ciuil ┐ canóin, Hy Fiach. 74 . ard maighistir dlighid nua ┐ sendlighidh hi lex ┐ canoin, ALC i 600.x = ardmhaighistir dlighidh nuifhiadnaisi ┐ shenreachta, AFM iii 526 . ? isin cet bliadin den dlegaid in the first year of the (penitential) rule (i.e. of my life as an incluse), MacCarthy 15 . Passing into sense of judgement or jurisdiction: (Michael) is e dobera d.¤ tar cend na noem ┐ na fhiren il-lou bratha, PH 6272 . lá an dlighidh (i.e. Doomsday ), A. Ó Dálaigh xxxv 6 . ro cuireadh dliccheadh fair go ro daoradh dochum báis, AFM vi 1906 . ina mbáoi fo dliccheadh ó Bhoinn co Comar all who were subject to the laws (of England), v 1730 . adubhairt nach rabhadur sin fa na ndlighe féin, Gadelica 234 ( PCT 1746 ). Cf. also: do bhreith fhiledh craoi Cuinn | do bhí a ndlighedh í Dhomhnaill subject to O'D. (?), Book of O'Conor Don 182b5 . In sense of abstract justice, right: fir ┐ d.¤ (sic leg.), cert ┐ techta, Cóic Con. 15 § 1 ( Laws i 258.19 ). intí tí a seilbh gan d.¤ unlawfully , iv 270.24 Comm. damad cinnte leis na demtha d.¤ do, 4.14 Comm. nírbo cam in d.¤ (of a just retribution), Corm. Y 698 . g s. as attrib.: a fer dligid her lawful husband, Wb. 3c7 . co cétmunteras dligid, Críth G. 339 . ma daime dáil ndligid dún, Ériu vii 227 § 64 .

III What is lawful or incumbent, duty, obligation . Cf. Ml. 54a4 : is d.¤ leu tabart inna fochaide foraib they deem it a law that (gl. ratione patientes). arna dich cách assa dligud i nadaltras lest everyone go out of his duty, Wb. 9d24 . d.¤ cach epscoip so (gl. cuius . . . opus est scire, etc.), RC viii 367 . is é d.¤ na mban beth i tāi, Anecd. v 23 n. 13 . Cf. further: ni bit i ndligud fri nech, ni bi nech a ndligudh friu they are indebted to nobody (?), Laws i 206.6 Comm. (or in meaning V?). As pred., is d.¤ (dom) it is right (for me), it is (my) duty: mar so is dligedh a radha .i. mui[n], etc. this is the right way to say it, Corm. Y 850 . is ed ba d.¤, fer grāid cecha chille, Ériu i 220 § 16 . BB 192a35 . is dligead duit an féar-sa do cur ar t'altaib, O'Gr. Cat. 294.27 . atáit ceithre féilti . . . ana dligeadh do parráisdeach tiacht chum eagailsi, 318.14 . adeir Ipocras gurab dligedh don liaigh beth co hinntleachtach (= oportet . . .), 23 P 10, 10a1 . Often in combination with dír: is dír ┐ is dlighedh duinn . . . briathra fíri do chantain, CCath. 630 . laidh . . . is dir ┐ is dligeadh d'éicsib d'aisnéis, MR 92.4 . g s. as pred.: ni dluig ┐ ni dligid duit-siu, MR 154.1 . as dior ┐ as dligid do, 264.11 . But in these two exx. perh. simply for dliged.

IV What is right or due (to someone); due, right, prerogative: dlíged sacairt i tempul a priest's right in the temple, Wb. 10d16 . dligetha gl. reddite omnibus debita, 6a23 . cid nodasóera? A ndéis a nd.¤ cach áe according to the legal right of each (of the grades of nobility), Críth G. 319 . fri d.¤ tuise claim to leadership, Cóic Con. 16 § 3 . sreth failsigthi na conaire fugill is d.¤ , 18 § 8 . ? tabair dam inad it churp | iarmo dliged, iarm' intliucht, SR 1154 . ? co n-indised a ndíre ┐ a nd.¤ doib, PH 824 . da n-ícat mo screpul-sa | is mo dlighed, Anecd. ii 34 . ma beith do uaisle ind fhir grāid . . . doformagar a dligid, Ériu i 220 § 15 . nico raga bairgen dot dligiud so you shall not lack a loaf of your due, Anecd. i 11 . caire ainsic . . . .i. iarsinni aisices a d.¤ do gach ae, Corm. Y 361 . With DO: ni gébed Ioseph nach fiach | óna tuathaib acht mad biad . . . dia dligiud (sic leg.: ciniud) do ríg Egept J. would not take any debt . . . of what was due to the king unless paid in provisions, SR 3392 . don laech ucud diar ba dlighed an smior who was entitled to the marrow, MR 70.11 . inní nach dligedh don Rígh . . . ná sír seek not aught that is not due to the king (?), ZCP vii 301 § 13 . In pl.: rofiadaiged ar grádaib ┐ dánaib ┐ dligedaib according to (their) rights (?), TBC-LL¹ 997 . ? ro ordaigh a cuit coir ar dāinib is ar dligedaib . . . do gach duni, Cog. 82 (possibly conditions , cf. I (f) above). Folld. by AR (FOR): asberit conad ferr a nd.¤ forsin righi annāi-si that their right to the realm is better than thine, Marco P. 54 .

V Due, tax, tribute: domeled Clothru dligeda Connacht the tribute of C. (?), LL 125a1 . ba cu comorbu Peaduir . . . teghedh cis ┐ d.¤ Erenn, Ériu vii 244.10 . tuctha císai ┐ dligedai o fheraib domain do rigu na Pers, Alex. 208 . ni thabrum císa na d.¤ do demnaib, 903 . dligheadha righ Ereann, AFM ii 662.13 . dlighe an mhuilinn do thabhairt don tighearna, TSh. 10074 .

VI Faculty of reason (an extension of I (d) above): dlighedh gl. ratio (distinguished from intellectus), Ir. Gl. 879 . ídail cen cheill cin d.¤ , PH 2520 . iar comairle a menman ┐ a dligid, 4745 . ó scrútán inmedonach a ndligid ┐ a n-intliuchta, RC xxv 248 § 28 (LU). amail betis dóine co ndligud aicenta iat (of foxes), LB 127a42 .

VII As vn. of dligid deserving: dia nderna nech . . . gnim gin dliged a oidedha dhe any deed not deserving of death, Marco P. 41 . dia marbthur nech do d.¤ bais (for an offence) deserving death, 51 .

do-fócaib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-fócaib or dil.ie/17646
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: túargab-, tecbál, tócbáil, tocbál, tucbál

v (* to-uss-gab-, GOI pp. 341 , 526 . Otherwise Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 530 - 1 ). On vowel of second syll. (short in O.Ir.) see GOI pp. 52 , 526 , and IGT Verbs § 108 and exx. 960 ff. Perf. prot. stem túargab-, later as basis for new present-forms. Vn. tecbál (?), tócbáil (incl. tocbál, tucbál). See do-furgaib.

I Trans.

(a) lifts up, raises (of literal motion): ergc a uerbo erigo .i. tōgbaim, Corm. Y 549 . benaid . . . in sruth co fleisc . . . co tocaib ina hanmand suas do chind na flesci, FA 18 (LB) = co tócband, LU. omna nā tūargaib in slūag, Hy. v 69 . co tuargaib in cloch, Thes. ii 344.18 . ní thuargaib a cend dia glún, IT i 77 (LMU). tanōcaib asin c[h]lud lasodain lifts him, TBC-I¹ 459 . tōcbaid in scīath fris, 3579 . tanócaib súas . . . in cuach n-dercóir, FB § 74 . con tocba clod cechtar a da roth rocharpait, § 34 . tuargabsat a lénte co mellaib a lárac, § 20 . do-fúargaib side fair a gasced uas gaiscedaib in t-shluaig he raised aloft his weapons, IT i 100.20 . dafuarcaib a thré[n]fher dar doraid, Trip.² 2042 . domōcbaid ol sé fria a muinntir lift me up, ZCP iv 41.25 . dohuargaib a dé laim hi crosfigill, Mon. Tall. § 61 . tuarcaib M. airrdhe croiche Crist ina agaid, Lat. Lives 94.1 . tócaibtís ind anmannai a cenna asa fochluib, RC ix 474 . rothocbaidhsed (togaibsid, v.l.) a n-armu, xxiv 202.1 . tocabair amach lasodain ┐ berar chucca, 149.32 . (of malt) co tuargabar ina fotaib `until it is raised in sods', .i. resiu tocbaiter hi ina fotaib, Laws ii 240 , ib. Comm. togtar a slabraid let the chain be taken up, 118.19 Comm. (pres. with ro- of possibility) a lesdar tuargaib fear go glun which a man can raise, iv 166.4 . tuarga[i]b epscop dano a glún ria ríg a bishop raises his knee, Críth G. 605 . a ben tocaib do gnúis nglain, SR 2117 . figuir Crist . . . tuargabad fri crann, 4171 . conúargaib (dothócaibh, v.l.) in mac bec a gnúis ó thalmain, TBC-LL¹ 1254 . tuargaib C. a chend, TBC-LL¹ 2968 . tuargabtar a cind . . . assa n-imdadaib they raised their heads, CRR 15 . tuarcaib a rosc dochum nime, PH 766 . tócbaid do thalmain hi, 7202 . cindus tócbas in genntligecht a cend . . . tar in Cristaigecht, 717 . tócbaid bhar ndoirrsi . . . co ndechsad astech rí na gloire, 3891 . tōcaibther mergi rīg Érend d'indsaigid rīg Ulad, Ériu ii 180.5 . robarta tond tūargabar (tuarcabann, v.l.) heavy seas are lifted up, vii 2.24 . Iudas Semor . . . rotōgaib croich in Coimdeadh iarna cleith fon talmain, iii 198 § 26 . nothōcbadh builcc chorcra fair it used to raise crimson blisters on him, ACL iii 4.28 . dia taethsad nem notogébad naem Cholmán 'na sosad for cúl, BColm. 70.12 . tócbhais a ben féin isin leabaigh leis, Imr. Brain i 65.16 . rothogaibhsead a n-da sciath . . . a n-aicill a cheli, CF 294 . rotógbadar as in coire . . . Iubdán, SG 244.5 . rothógsud . . . mac an diūice ┐ docuirsit ar sdét ele é, ZCP vi 34.26 . tuargabhsat tri bruta . . . i náirde, AFM ii 866.7 . (Of the sun) togaid si suas na fliucadain ┐ an fertain draws up, Ir. Astr. Tr. 26.22 . rithid an taer seimh rompa ┐ togaidh se gaeth it raises wind, 148.3 . dothogbhasdair Dia in n-dluimh teneadh, Hy Fiach. 20.9 . anuair togtar sgaile na ndeathach cum na hincinne (of a fever-patient), 23 P 10, 4b12 . sec[h]nadh na suiper ┐ na hoileamna o togtur dethaigi cum na cinn, 93.8 . seasfuidh gaoth anfadhach ┐ tóigfe suas a thonna sin, Psalms cvii 25 . a neart mar neart Hercules dothóigeadh na sléibhte, GJ iv 18a20 . in tan dotógthar suas ant Abhlann Coisreagtha at the Elevation of the Host, Donlevy 434.5 . dá d-tóigeadh an tighearna easboig-si lámh ós mo chionn, Hard. i 246.y . togfuid nathrach neimhe, Luc. Fid. 380.10 . Of hoisting sails: tuarcaib a seol creda fora churach, RC xvi 31 ( Dinds. 81 ). go dtógbhann an bás . . . a sheólta suas, TSh. 2389 . tógbhaid a seōlta, Fl. Earls 8.7 . Of lifting a boat or ship to or from land: do fócbat a coblach hi tir, Corm. Y 1059 v.l. dia tuicēbat barca for Ess Rúaidh, ZCP xii 238 § 62 . togbhais C. an long leis ó thír, Ériu viii 139.24 . an tōigēb mo c[h]urchān cīar | ōs aigēn uchtlet[h]an ān?, ZCP x 46.5 . Draws up (water): a dtógthar d'uisge as an sruth, Eochairsg. 58.32 . takes up (from the fire): berbtar cerc . . . co ndeachad a trian fo bruith ┐ tágaib ann séin, O'Gr. Cat. 197.17 . digs up, excavates: aer na log asa ttogtar mianach, 3 C 19, 142 vb 10 . With reflex. inf. pron. rises: cioth rodtógbhuais dot choilcthaib? why did you rise from your couch? ITS v 20.10 . tosnúargaib súas . . . isin n-aer, LU 9102 ( FB § 85 ).

Note also: túargabad fornn aire fochide nád tuárgabar nert gl. quoniam supra modum gravati sumus supra virtutem, Wb. 14b22 (leg. tuárgab ar nert, Sarauw).

(b) takes, takes up; brings: is e seo a med togbus in tinde sin do gran cruithnechta this is the amount the t. takes up in grains of wheat, Laws v 18.5 Comm. do gnimuibh risi tocbatur na geill of the deeds by which the pledges are taken, ii 118.5 Comm. rosuidighset a longa ┐ rothocsat a forni leo, Aen. 984 . tócbaid-si lib hé ┐ berid breth . . . fair take him with you, PH 2745 . tuargaib leiss cona arm ┐ cona erriud . . . dar áth fa thuaid é, TBC-LL¹ 3965 . tógaibh leat aní is leat féin ┐ imthigh, TSh. 1013 . tóg do chros ┐ lean misi, Mark x 21 . tógbhuidh mo chuing-si oraibh take upon you my yoke, Donlevy 215.8 . an dtoigeubhaidh misi boill Chríosd chum ball sdríopaidhe do dhéunamh dhíobh?, 1 Corinth. vi 15 . an uile easbog . . . tógbhathar . . . as na daoinibh eile (= omnis pontifex ex hominibus assumptus, Heb. v 1 ), Eochairsg. 25.31 . Of food: sechnadh na nethte o ngeinter linn derg ┐ toctur iad le hursaill let them be eaten with . . ., 23 P 10, 127.12 . Note also: cí bé . . . comhluadar no gnothuigh do thógas suas sinn occupies us, Donlevy 400.12 .

(c) takes away, lifts off, removes: ri dosfúargaib triana nert | a dóire huathmair Egept, SR 5201 . ac so uan Dé nech tócbus pectha in uli domain, PH 3795 . tuargabtar leo Cairpre they carried off C. with them, CRR § 50 . tócbait in tech-sin leo . . . co triall dōibh doridisi (of a temporary hunting lodge), ZCP i 272.2 . galar .i. togbhus an t-olc ┐ fhágbus an mhaith, Triads p. 42 gl. 224 . toc an bir úd co luath ar si as an inadh a fuil se . . . Ni tóicebad ar in to-oclaech take away that stake, BCC § 297 . an tan tógbhaim daorchrios diuide when I take off the . . . girdle, Ó Bruad. ii 70.11 . (Of the amount of wine to be drunk) in méid dodhenad subacus ┐ dotoigebhadh a imshniom, 3 C 19, 82 va 20 . With DE: co rostócuibh in cathair don taeb araill don tsruth removed, Marco P. 68 . gach daoirse da raibhe ar Ghaedhealaibh . . . do thógaibh Brian díobh uile í, Keat. iii 4108 . tógbhaidh sé a n-aire dona neithibh saoghalta (of the eyes), TSh. 9272 . tocaid salcur do suilib, 24 B 3, 109.20 . With ó: adeirim ribh go dtoigéobthar rioghachd Dé uaibhsi, Matthew xxi 43 . tog uait na himshnioma troma, 3 C 19, 161 va 2 . dotóccbhadh a ndúthaigh gusan rígh `were transferred', AFM v 1496.18 .

(d) raises, sets up (of stones, buildings, etc.): tuárgabad lais . . . primchathir mac n-Israhel, SR 6657 . tuargabad leo forsin maig . . . | carnn comluga is comchotaig, 3039 . togabar a coirthe ┐ a liagan, IT i 122.15 . radis M. ara tuargabtha a lía, TBC-LL¹ 1572 . secht cét cell . . . dosnócaib do lár he raised them from the foundation, Trip. 552.8 . rotocbaisit . . . mur derg ind agaid Ulad, Ériu viii 179.1 . ba dōich lim bad Cland Deadhaid donuargaibset, 156.23 . tócaibther leis in cnocc crúaid | fo chosmailius tuir Nemrúaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 44 . ó Thaltin i tócab (tocaib, MS.) tein raised a fire, 50 . rotōgbad a lia ┐ a lecht ann, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 30.13 . goill dothógaibh badhbhdún an longphuirt, Hy Fiach. 122.7 . dotógbhadh le Brian iomad droichead ┐ tóchar ┐ slighthe móra, Keat. iii 4117 . dothógaibh Teamhair dá sliocht, Content. iv 33 . go dtógbhaidh tú teach ┐ nár áitighe tú é, TSh. 9706 . i mbás Aman san gcroich do thógaibh féin, 779 . tóg dhamh annso seacht naltóra, Numbers xxiii 1 .

Fig. sets up, establishes: is inti tōsech tuarcgabad an t-ord in it the order was first set up, BColm. 24.26 . dotóccbadh nós ┐ dlicched i naimsir Thoirrdealbaigh, ZCP x 8.7 . ar eacht go dtóigeobhadh an creideamh dobhí ar lár so that he might raise up, Keat. iii 5433 . tógbhait suass . . . gnē dēe they set up a supposed God, Fl. Earls 112.30 .

(e) exalts, uplifts, elevates, extols: tocbaid lobru | tairnid triunu, LU 3417 ( SCC § 18 ). ba léir P. co mbebae . . . is ed tūargaib a fheba . . . suas de sech treba dóine, Hy. ii 24 ( Thes. ii 314 ). rí dorúargaib Héle fáith, SR 7109 . rí . . . os túathaib túargaib Dauid, 6764 . as amlaid sin toicebus Brénainn a mhancha a n-airdi, Lism. L. 3328 . tocbad fírinne . . . notocēba, ZCP xi 88 § 6 . a Dé, rothōcba shinni, ix 468.11 . ro-thócaib cu honorach o ingaire choerech in tí Dauid, PH 6497 . is and romtócbad co mblaid there I was exalted with fame, Metr. Dinds. i 4.43 . dosfuargaib a dímus n-án `her noble pride uplifted her', iii 30 . ni hed as dech doní nech innocbail . . . ferr do co mbad ed dogneth inísli dofoicebad, LL 271 marg. sup. blad a teglaigh tóigéba, Hy Fiach. 192.10 .

(f) draws up, arranges, brings into action (of forces), begins (of a battle): tóccbaigh cuccainn lucht bar ttrebh, Cog. 86.16 . in cath sin rothogbaisiu, MR 172.20 . tuarccabtha tri cath crodha, Mórthimch. Erenn (ed. Hogan) § 25 . tuargabad cath croda a bloody battle was begun, Ériu v 238.100 . rotuarcbaid trommgressa for sciathaib, Alex. 270 . tuargaibsiot a n-iodhna catha forra `put on their arms', AFM vi 2132 . tuargaibset a tindrem | sund a n-inber Bonni they set about their expedition, Todd Nenn. 146.155 .

(g) furnishes, prepares, lays (a table): ní tócaibhter cuach ná cupa dia freasdul, Marco P. 87 . rotógbad buird altacha . . . ann, Fianaig. 56.1 . dotócbad aco blēdedha bánairgit . . . ┐ rotógbad ann corn Finn féin, ┐do thógaibh an eagna teach . . . do thógaibh sí bord = proposuit mensam, TSh. 8812 .

(h) rears, brings up, fosters: in triath romtógaibsea, MR 218.10 . ar is iad Catraighi tuargaib e, BB 250b24 (= rusail e, H. 3.18). da mac Medbi . . . oenben rostuargaib cen tár, Ériu v 225.107 . ba hand rodnalt ┐ tuargabat as a aetidh, Auraic. 235 . ba hannsin rotogbadh Niul i foghloim na nilbherla, Leb. Gab.(i) 192.26 . is aca teagaiscther ┐ tōgoipther suass . . . iad, Fl. Earls 180.30 . Note also: pósfuidh a dhearbhrathair a bhean . . . ┐ tóigeabhuidh sé síol dá dhearbhráthair, Matthew xxii 24 .

(i) With DE, FOR exacts, levies, raises (a tribute or tax): toicebhut-sa mu thinnscrai dhit, Lism. L. 1158 . rothoccaibh a chíos ríoghda forra, Cog. 40.3 . rothócaib dib giallu, Metr. Dinds. iii 44 . T. O Mailconaire do tóg in cis sin do'n Iarla, O'Gr. Cat. 220.38 . dothógbhadar an éiric soin ar Laighnibh, Keat. ii 3572 .

(j) shows, exhibits: tocbaid in corrbolg . . . do ┐ atfet a scela, RC v 201 § 17 . tuargabatar an-nochta ┐ an-náre uile dó, TBC-LL¹ 1361 . túarcaib do indsin in uli flathiusa in domain, PH 4719 . tuárcaib do slicht in gói, 6778 . taispenfa, toigēba . . . a t[h]aob don tsochaidhe, ZCP iii 210.23 . rothocaib a chrechta ┐ a ilgona dona sluagaib, TTebe 2765 . níor thóg M. a aghaidh dhóibh M. did not show his face to them, Caithr. CC 55.y . rotogbadh dosidhe ┐ mar adconnuirc, Lib. Flav. i 11vb32 . condatuárgabusa 'till I have manifested (revealed) it' Wb. 26 d 10 , Celtica xii 15 . tuargab cenn ind rún-sin 'that mystery is manifested (lit. has revealed itself)' Wb. 26 d 11 , Celtica xii 15 . Note also: co tuargaib a argat isin chathraig offered, LL 361 marg. sup. In pass. appears: is amhloidh togaibhthe do na nāimhdip bean uassal there appeared to the enemy a lady, Fl. Earls 48.17 . Also in phrase do-fócaib cenn appears: co tuarcaibh Brēnaind cenn in oidhchi sin dí araile cēile Dē, ACL iii 4.31 . tuargabsat chend in dā trian robátar isin talmain, Fianaig. 34.16 . rothogaib Anachis cend do Aenias A. appeared to Aeneas, Aen. 1193 . a Cháimgin . . . ra báig Molling tócaib cenn, SG 389.26 . dia rothógaibh spirat na hécsi cenn do, Cóir Anm. 272 = torcaib, Lec. 446b41 . duid dothógbhus ceand anocht to thee I have revealed myself, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 74.23 . tri locha ingantach[a] tuargabsat ceand i nErinn anocht, Anecd. ii 5.21 . (Of a river) 'san India tocbhais cenn ar tus, Marco P. 122 .

(k) awakens, rouses, excites: conom-thūarcaib as mo ches | au[r]chor maic Comáin, Fianaig. 40.3 . in ní dothoigébad ferg Dé, PH 7747 . ná tóg fercc Dia, SG 43.33 . ní thóigeba tnúth aoinfhir | . . . th' óirdnedh . . . mar áirdríg, O'Gr. Cat. 470.19 .

(l) utters (a cry or shout), raises (the voice): rothócbatar banntrochta a n-gáiri guil, IT i 128.20 . co ttuargaibhset tri tromghaire ós aird, BS 14.3 . do thogadar na tonna tromghair truaghadhbal da sirchaineadh, CF 736 . rotōcbad muirn ┐ medair na bruidhni, Fianaig. 64.1 . tuárgabad in chlas | do molad De, SR 4037 . tuargaib Balam a guth ngluair, 4805 . tocbus B. a ghuth cu hard, Lism. L. 3621 . tóigfe tú do ghuth suas, Proverbs ii 3 . tógbhaidh bhar n-uaill raise your cries of joy, Content. xvi 72 . tógbhaid na haingil . . . aontsiúin cheoil, xviii 155 n.

(m) takes up, acquires: ? is tre fhír flathemon donfócbat dúili dúsi ili órdai airgdidi, ZCP xi 82 § 21 . do léigeamur bhur gclann le ar gcloinn chum sgoile ionnus gur thógbhadur beagán foghluma, PCT 1717 .

(n) accepts: ionnus gurab moide toigebait a muna uait so that they will the more accept instruction from you, Ériu v 138 § 116 . tógbhaim í (viz. sdair an tsluaigh) mar fhiadhnaise, Content. v 179 . ante . . . nach ttógbhann súas míochlú in aghaidh a chomharsan (= opprobrium non accepit . . .), Psalms xv 3 .

(o) raises (a point), challenges (a statement): is fada atáim ag trácht . . . seach an gcúis ar dtúis do thógbhas away from the point I raised at first, Ó Bruad. ii 234 . ní maith do thógbhais mar bhréig | go dtug it was not wise of you to challenge as false that . . ., Content. xiii 17 .

(p) sets up, causes: as minic togus crupan ┐ toghairmeas an bás, 23 P 10, 24a55 . is i an leisgi ┐ an druis da ní do thog locht isna corpaibh sa Gréig, 24 P 3, 135.12 .

(r) With various nouns: in t-ánius romōr tuargabais fort, Ériu viii 157.32 . dothógbhais béim ar an bhfear, Content. xiii 2 . rothógbatar . . . clesa curad, Fianaig. 96.26 . coscur . . . trén tuargaib, SR 5581 . Nemruad . . . tuargaib a gleo co mórgráin, 2698 . dothógbais . . . iomarbháigh a hucht Muimhneach, O'Gr. Cat. 534.5 . do tógbád imarbhágh uaibh | a éigsi Bhanba, 535.15 . gé dothógbhais air mar oil though you blamed him, Content. xv 50 . bid aithrech leó an triall tóccbaitt, Cog. 86.25 . Note also: tógbhaid anocht ortha . . . | cor gortha don ghalldacht `they undertake to set the Pale ablaze', Studies 1920, 417.19 .

II Intrans.

(a) rises: dofuargaib Adam astsruth, SR 1883 . intan donórcaib grīan, TBC-I¹ 3443 . bás cethorchat . . . dia túargaib . . . grían, Fél. March 9 . túargaib dóib gáeth, Anecd. i 52 § 18 . dufuargabsat huisci moro robuir intan rombói popul dǽ fora muir, Ml. 96c1 . tuarcaib abann Liphe friu, IT i 45.2 . co tuargab ind ob friu tria nert Dé, Lat. Lives 19.12 . túargaib . . . tomaidm locha Léin lindmair, Metr. Dinds. iii 26 . ? Of a muster for battle: do thógbhadar leis an ordughadh Clann Mhuirigh, RC ii 178.9 .

(b) appears: túargaib co sluagaib, SR 6901 . tuarcaib grian na fírinde dóib dá cech leith, PH 7062 . ni tuargaibhset na cōic rōid sin for Erinn gusa anocht, Anecd. ii 5.1 .

(c) betakes oneself, makes off, rides aloft, soars (with various prepp.): do thógaibh Oilill Finn air . . . tresan sluagh siar, Ériu viii 139.1 . in tan fa hollam in fhled . . . thógbus Cathal O Céin air, SG 282.9 . tógbhais Bricni roimhe ó Cruachain siar, Ériu viii 135.22 . rothóguibh rompa da gach muine for a chéile he flew from thicket to thicket, BS 176.32 . ro tógaib Suibhne uime co háithétrom, 16 § 15 . rothógaibh S. uimi co hétrom do ind gach aird, 114 § 57 .

(d) Miscellaneous: tógbhait na nāimhde ōn mbaili raise the seige of the town, Fl. Earls 48.26 . rothōcoibset na doctūiridhe de gave him up, 144.17 .

do-fúarat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-fúarat or dil.ie/17698

Forms: tua(i)rth-, donurteit, dufuairthed, tiruairsit, tuairsid, difuairsitis, condiuair, duruarid, doruarthatar, dorruairthetar, diuradte, díurad

v (*dí-uss-reth-) See GOI 526 . In Mid.Ir. influenced in pres. 3 s. by 1 téit (see exx. below) and with prot. stem tua(i)rth-, perh. from a compd. *to-uss-reth- (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 600 ) remains over, remains. Indic. pres. 3 s. intan d.¤ ind .e. timmorte in deoguir when the short e of the diphthong remains, Sg. 12a3 . d.¤ latt . . . gl. remanent, Thes. ii 37.14 . nícon diurat ní diib dia ǽs nothing of them remains, Ml. 72b17 . co leth in edh dohurrtéit ann, Ériu i 215.19 . a ndourrtéit ann. . . forsna trēinibh, 23 . co ná túarat ní de etir, 214.27 . masa ingin nama do ruairtéit di cloinn in athar, O'Curry 1406 ( H 3.18 635 ). dofuairthét molta maini, RC xx 44 (ACC pref.) = dofúarthet .i. marit, LU 359 . bo ┐ tri screpaill issedh tuarteit ann, Laws i 246.3 Comm. aingi in trúagh nát túartéit ní, ZCP vii 269 § 11 . teora pinginne dec . . . isedh tuartet, Laws i 246.6 Comm. na comarbada donurteit ann (pl. ?), ii 212.21 Comm. ní tuairthet and iarsin acht se lathi trichat, PH 4933 . Impf. dufuairthed gl. cum superesset, Ml. 97d12 . dufuairthed ní leu fora saith din main some of the manna over and above their fill used to remain over, 10 . dotuairthed boimm leis dé .u. panibus, Trip.² 2860 . Subj. pres. 3 pl. mad dia tiruairsit na cinta forna coimétaib, O'D. 749 ( H 3.17 452 ). Impf. 3 s. comadh air tuairsid in fhingail so that on him might remain the guilt of the murder, RC xvii 29 (Tig.) = tuairseadh, AFM i 122 . 3 pl. difuairsitis dia æs that might have remained after him, Ml. 57d3 . Fut. 3 s. ní condiuair ní do foraithmiut etir there will remain nought of memory at all, gl. nulla signa remanere videas, 56d2 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. doberae digail forsan dered duruarid dib, 44a20 . ní deruarid lannech gl. apud nullum remansit, 31a6 . is hé lin doruaraid díb | dia tuathaib , SR 4985 . do threon na trúag ni thuaraid | oenfer dona morslúagaib, 5071 (leg. th[r]uaraid, Stokes, Academy No. 584 ). cotarfuaraid léo . . . | dá chliab déc dia fuidlechaib, 7627 . psalterium . . . ised ainm doruaraidh forsin lepur-su, Hib. Min. 30 . dorūaraid (doroaraid, v.l.) Lomna i bfus, Corm. Y 1018 . mad ed do claind nama doruaraid ann ingen, O'Mulc. 327 . a ndoruaraid (sic leg.) do nat[h]rachaib, Alex. 716 . is aca aonur doruaraid an berla dorad Die do Adam, Auraic. 2501 . a ndotuaraid dib rosdibaid T., Dinds. 9 ( RC xv 300 ). an doruaraidh (sic leg.) dhiobh ro teichsiot ria tTúathaibh Dé, Leb. Gab.(i) 150.21 . don terúairsi doruaraidh (sic leg.) aca dia ffíon, Hugh Roe 8.22 . do neoch rothiruarthestar din churp doenna . . . ar cind báis, RC xxv 242.8 . toruarith Mac Caiss a horbu obtained (? Cf. do-airret), Anecd. iii 62.23 . 3 pl. doruarthatar gl. remanserunt, Sg. 5a13 . dorruairthetar, 18a6 . See 2 diruais. Part. diuradte gl. residuus, Enchir. Aug. 77a ( ZCP vii 483 ). ? cach rét mbec diurtha, O'Dav. 689 .

Vn. díurad. See also tiruairse, túairse.

1 do-midethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do-midethar or dil.ie/18106

Forms: du-mmidethar, domidet, toimdet, dumestar, dumessatar, du-m-messur-sa, da-mídair, dorumadir, doroemaidir, dos-ruimdemar, duruimdetar, domitte, toimse, tomus, diruirmisem

v (* to-mid-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 579 ) Indic. pres. 3 s. du-mmidethar, Ml. 82a3 . 3 pl. domidet, SR 99 . Ipv. 3 pl. toimdet, ZCP xi 95 § 47 . Subj. pres. 3 s. dumestar, Ml. 68d1 . 3 pl. dumessatar, Enchir. Aug. 86b ( ZCP vii 485 ). Fut. 1 s. du-m-messur-sa, Ml. 78a11 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. da-mídair, TBC-LL¹ 2901 . (With -ro-) dorumadir si, Ml. 16c11 . doroemaidir, SR 2709 , cf. 7955 (form due to analogy of ¤roemaid from maidid, see Strachan, VSR 65 ). 1 pl. dos-ruimdemar, Fél. Ep. 6 . 3 pl. duruimdetar, Ml. 87c4 . Impf. pass. s. domitte, Corm. Y 606 . Part. toimse.

Vn. tomus. See also 1 toimsid, toimsigid.

Weighs, measures, estimates: gl. pendere, Enchir. Aug. 86b , adpendere, Ml. 82a3 , perpendere, 68d1 , ponderare, 87c4 , metiri, 78a11 , emetiri, 16c11 , 25a18 . Oft. with prep. FRI (or A) of standard of measurement: rí tadban tomus . . . o firmimint co talmain | fris domidet . . . fri tiget na talmanna, SR 99 . flesc idaith domitte (donmitte, LB) frisna collnai ┐ frisna adnacula which used to be measured to (i.e. by which bodies and graves used to be measured), Corm. Y 606 . fri cathardu ┐ eclaisi domiditer luicc by cities and churches places are estimated, Fél. 2.5 . taircella tomus conid iar n-a durn toimdither by his hand it is measured, Laws iv 344.x . lutu laime fir dod(o)-midi(gh)t[h]ur measures it = is the measure of it (?), ZCP xiv 345 § 6 ( Laws ii 232 ). is a dealt domiter recomrac from a syllable a disyllable is reckoned, Auraic. 1953 . a med Lugbae cerd[a] dorumidir (doirumidir, v.l.) Fachtna a n-argat ar na bu F. weighed the silver, Corm. Y 811 . cia doroemadair . . . coemchathir ind rig?, SR 7955 . doroemaidir bith . . . tirib | tuathaib . . . milib stadib he measured the world . . . by countries, peoples, miles, stadia, 2709 . buiden cech óin laithi | dosruimdemar remain we have measured them out above, Fél. Ep. 6 (dosrimemar, diruirmisem we have enumerated them, v.l.). arán toimse (a hermit's ration), Ériu ii 56 § 8 . Guesses, solves a riddle: niméte ni thormassid, 'no doubt you can solve it' Thes. ii 292.21 , Ériu xxxiv 195 . Adjudges: mou álib imdergadh emna; domider (leg. domidiur?) de secht cumala I adjudge for it seven cumals, Corm. 29 s.v. mánd (= admiudar, Laud). In fig. sense weighs, deliberates: damídair-sium a chomairle ra muintir, TBC-LL¹ 2901 . Calculates, plans, attempts: dammidethar . . . dia lémaim ┐ forémid (lit. he measures it for his (its?) leap), FB § 88 = domidethar an leim he calculates (attempts) the leap, Eg. damídhair a thrí brathbémmenda da béim bar Ultaib, TBC-LL¹ 6005 . mór gním do mnái brath a fir | dóig is friss rodasmidir `it was against him that she aimed it', Metr. Dinds. iii 254 , cf. Ériu ii 30 § 15 . Deems, judges, considers: is d' aimsir Adhaimh domidhter in gabhail so Ceasrach C.'s invasion is assigned to the age of Adam, BB 22b39 . toimdit áes na críche sin nach fil for bith inis is ferr inás, Marco P. 169 .

dorus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dorus or dil.ie/18427

Forms: doros, doros, dorus, doruis, dorais, doirseo, doris, doiris, doirsea, doirsi, doirsi, dorse, dorsi, doruis, dorais, torus, doirsi, doirsea, ndoirsea, doirsib, dorsib, doirrsech, dorus, doirsib

n u, n. later o, m. (cf. 1 dor). n s. a nd.¤ , Ml. 132d2 . doros, Thes. ii 292.6 (Mil. Cod.) d s. don doros (: foss), SR 1180 . Usually dorus. g s. doruis, SR 357 , 410 . dorais, LL 200b58 et pass. doirseo, Críth G. 592 = doris, Laws iv 338.15 . doiris, i 144.7 Comm. n p. doirsea, Ml. 46a19 . doirsi, SR 8189 . cetheora doirsi , TBC-LL¹ 5604 . dorse, LU 9386 . dorsi, 2338 . doruis, SR 405 ; Triads 173 . dorais, LL 277a24 ; ZCP viii 108.13 . a p. fris na torus , Ml. 46a12 (see RC xx 114 ). doirsi, SR 412 , 2152 . voc. p. a doirsea , Ml. 46a14 . g p. inna ndoirsea (= ndoirse), 46a16 . d p. doirsib, 46a19 ; SR 358 . dorsib, Gild. Lor. 245 ; PH 6905 . In later lang. pl. occas. shows a guttural stem: g p. doirrsech, BCC § 296 . dorus m., IGT Decl. § 53 .

Gateway, doorway, opening or entrance (in earlier lang. usually distinguished from comla door-valve): gl. porta, Ml. 46a16 , Ir. Gl. 124 ; limen, Ml. 132d2 ; fores, Gild. Lor. 245 . dorus lis porticus, Ir. Gl. 580 . co rancatar . . . doirrsi Eamna, RC xviii 294 . co d.¤ na Trói, LL 238b5 ( TTr. 1601 ). tar doirsibh na Rómha, TSh. 3088 . isin stuag-d.¤ . . . don chathraig arched gateway, TTr.² 1129 . comla d'argut . . . cech doruis, SR 410 . tegdais . . . inna fil act oendoros, Thes. ii 292 . co d.¤ na huamhan, ZCP ii 24 . d.¤ an tuaim, ACL iii 310 . úaimh dorais a cave with an entrance (?), Imr. Brain i 63 . fert aendoruis d'fir . . ., fert co ndib doirsib for mnai, feart cen doirrsi . . . for maccu, for ingena, BB 403b34 (cf. TSh. 5766 ) = rath oendorais, LL 200b58 . for d.¤ a uaigi, PH 2932 . d.¤ in ádnacthi, 2965 . tre dhoirsibh élaidh an bhaile `postern doors', AFM vi 1956 . dorass na heguilsi . . . d'aonchloich amháin itir dī ursain is fordhorus, Fl. Earls 250 . d.¤ puple, TBC-LL¹ 1928 . More specifically door, gate (that which is closed): dorse ia[i]rn for cach slis, LU 9386 . dorsi glainidi, RC iv 248 . ita d.¤ orda for tempull in choimded, YBL 169a24 . rocuirset glas iarnaigi for doras na cubacla, PH 2952 . doirsib foriatta (dat. abs.) with closed doors, PH 6672 , 6685 , 6742 , etc. dorsib foriattaib, 6905 . doirsi na firmiminte, SR 2152 . co mba dúntai . . . doras na flatha nemda, PH 6906 . a d.¤ nime! (of Mary), LB 74a20 . dóirse ifrinn d'iadhadh orra, SG 15 . Aperture, entrance, passage in general: atáit nái ndoirsi ar Ghleann in Scáil passes leading into, Oss. v 48 . as amlaidh ata Glenn mB. ┐ ceithre doirsi ag an ngaoith ann, BS 22 . an d.¤ dorinne an t-aingel tresan teine, RC xxv 394 . ic iarraid a dorais trying to force a passage, TBC-LL¹ 5137 . gur bo doirsi debtha diancrechtacha bruinneada na mBretnach, MR 264 . senistri ┐ doirsi debhtha fair portholes (of a siege-tower), CCath. 1816 . t'iorradh daingen . . . nach éider aond.¤ air in which no opening can be found, O'Gr. Cat. 376 . cetheora doirsi . . . ar cach roth, TBC-LL¹ 5604 . muirlan glas cruind mór ┐ gan doras fair itir, acht 'na certle comchruind, GJ iv 88 ( D IV 2, 50b1 ). do bhris d.¤ ar a bhraghaid, Eochairsg. 102 . Med. le neichib togas lesa ┐ doirsi aran mball openings, incisions , 23 P 10, 150rb22 . doirrsi in c[h]uirp openings of the body, ACL iii 239 § 31 . tanic in bás tar doirsib mo chuirp istech, PH 7805 . ó-doirrsi éistechta ear-passages , MR 232 . coimhéad d.¤ mo phuisíneadh, Psalms cxli 3 . is ime sin tuites [in fuil] cum doruis na nadúire, 3 C 19, 183ra28 . Fig. ar bernadaib baegail no ar doirrsib aideda, BB 446a23 . as d.¤ báis beagshluagh, ML 104 . gurbho doras báis gach cneadh dhíobh, 132 . tri doruis gúa, Triads 173 . doras faghlama in fissin, IGT Decl. ex. 1140 . déanaid doras ar an obair enter on the work, Ó Bruad. ii 70 .

i nd.¤ (with gen.) in front of (see ZCP viii 348 - 9 , BBCS viii 20 ): tánaic óclaech iondoras lis, RC xii 78 . oc cros ind d.¤ lis, Mon. Tall. 151 . i nd.¤ lis, TBC-I¹ 445 (YBL) = i nd.¤ ind lis, LU. for beind chroisse i nd.¤ chille, LL 286b50 . co ndechur am' carpat a nd.¤ in lis, ZCP i 105 . ar in tiprait atá a nd.¤ na ratha, Acall. 4527 . atchonnairc carthe cloiche a nd.¤ in tsída amuich, 7802 . tarrasair in cenn i nd.¤ Hierusalem, SR 2238 . Crist rocrochad . . . i nd.¤ Ierusalem, Ériu iii 194 § 1 . troscem . . . i nd.¤ na cathrach, Thes. ii 311 = Trip. 418 . dia raibe F. ag proigept dona tuathaib a nd.¤ na mainistrech, RC xii 328 . isin oribert dobi a nd.¤ a phalais, Fier. 113 . an tobar bhí i ndoras na hinse, Keat. ii 3289 . in dorusa uerbi at the beginning of a word, Auraic. 1286 . ar d.¤ id.: co n-acadar in aelraith moir . . . ┐ cethror oclach . . . ara d.¤ , Ériu viii 157.4 = ina d.¤ , 15 . roscart maccu na curad . . . ar d.¤ a lis, TBC-LL¹ 949 . rachuir M. . . . cath fri F. for d.¤ Dúni Sobairchi, 2049 .

Compd. ¤bél opening, entrance, passage: im dorusbel na huamha, CCath. 4109 . d. uama, ZCP vi 102 . roléiged d. mór dó isin chath, Fianaig. 92 . d. mór chum na bésti, 66 .

drem(m)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. drem(m) or dil.ie/18631

Forms: drem, dream

n ā, f. (in later lang. a d s. also drem, dream). Indefinite number of people, band, company: drem .i. diairimh, O'Dav. 698 . atat drem dermár aile and, FA § 29 . drem timairciter ar ecin, § 23 . mórdrém (leg. -drem) Dé, Fél. May 21 . sardrem a great throng , Gorm. 13 . munter Padraic . . . drem ca roibi roLaiden, Lec. 92d12 . dream nó táin dod shluagh, Oss. vi 26.16 . co romarbsat dreimm moir, AU 1018 . romarb Dubthach in dreim cáem, LL 153b28 . co ndréim aile do mathib Ulad, LU 2900 . in dara drem . . . in drem aile (two teams in a game), Laws iii 252.5 . bud sgiath dítin do gach dreim, SG 18.34 . amus do tabairt ar drem do coblach Sil M. on (some of) the people of the fleet, RC xviii 166.4 (Tig., cf. CS 1145 ). d'oendreim dóib they were of one company, BColm. 90.11 . iar barbad (= marbad) dremmi, LU 4348 . ar luad cacha láechdreimme heroic folk, Metr. Dinds. iv 24 . dá trian na dreme dorochair do nimh, O'Dav. 698 . ar marbhadh dréime móir (sic) do muinntir L., TFrag. 148.21 . mac Noe na n-il-drem, LL 520 . Murend ingen C. . . . eter dremmaib gualand nglan among bands of white-shouldered women, 140b12 . ní rondegtherb dia dremmaib he did not well to separate from his troops, Metr. Dinds. ii 48.30 . tiaghaid amach iona ndreamaibh by bands, Proverbs xxx 27 .

Of definite individuals: romarb Fer diad, duairc in drem, | Dam ndreimed is Dam ndilend, TBC-LL¹ 4128 . ceithri meic B. ba drem dil, Lec. 439b6 . is iad an dias ban úd ┐ an dá dhraoi dream ba táscamhla d'fhine Ghaedhil, Keat. ii 1398 .

Freq. with partitive DE some of: fóidit úadib dreimm . . . dia túathaib , SR 4651 . rofhóid drem do na Farsaidib imalle fris, PH 2175 . adbathadur drem díb, ZCP viii 274.23 . bualadh T. do drem dia muindtir fén, RC xviii 35 (Tig.). In absol. constr.: doní dream denam aile some give another version, Metr. Dinds. iii 362 . drem . . . drem some . . . others: drem díb-sin nocha dlegur . . . drem eile diub dlegur . . ., Laws ii 86.5 , 8 Comm. drem díb dan anaithnigh | drem díb dan eól, ZCP viii 216.7 . drém uainn 'na cotlud, drém oc faire, drémm oc cantain chiúil, Todd Lect. vi 54.2 . Cf. trí tráth . . . doréir foirne ┐ sechtmain doréir dreimi eili, SG 50.22 . Folld. by defining rel. clause, of a particular class of people: mellaid demun . . . in drém na techtait in fír-Dia, PH 1950 . an dream do léighfeadh anmanna na dtreabh soin whosoever should read, TSh. 452 . an dream ag a maithfidhe a bpeacaidhe dhóibh (= quorum remiseritis peccata), Eochairsg. 7.6 . da dhearbhadh cia an dream lér thuiteadar, Keat. ii 1474 . So with gen.: do dreim na heiséirgi resurrection-folk , ZCP viii 211.18 . cian a drem inguire uad those who would have tended him, O'Gr. Cat. 361.16 . dream an teagaisc teachers , Gadelica 4.17 .

Rarely of animals or things: marbaid dam dreim de lochdaib kill me some mice, SG 313.18 . atbert E. dreim dona briathraib-se, BB 422a37 .

Cf. dramm.

1 dron

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dron or dil.ie/18803

adj o,ā Primary meaning solid, firm, substantial , hence fig. downright, thorough, emphatic, vigorous: d.¤ .i. daingen, LL 311b18 . d.¤ .i. direch no daingen, O'Dav. 733 . d.¤ .i. daingean, O'Cl. .i. drocht(e) nó díreach, Lec. Gl. 233 .

Of things: nosirfed in domon nd.¤ , LU 3566 ( SCC § 29 ). 'mon dorus nd.¤ , SR 4233 . triasin drummslait druin, 4277 . drochte dronai, 476 . múr d.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 256 . dún d.¤ , 226 . in derc d.¤ `the deep hole', 344 . coire d.¤ , SG 371.20 . lán secht ndabhach nd.¤ , MR 128.23 . dron-aicde, ACL iii 220.25 . dron-fhert, Metr. Dinds. iii 6 . dronmind dergóir (of bells), SR 4506 . ór d.¤ solid (?) gold, 4309 . dual dergóir druin, Fianaig. 14 § 36 . sciath d.¤ , 259.23 . arm dric d.¤ , LL 146b22 ( PRIA xix 542 ). dracon . . . d.¤ a chrí, Metr. Dinds. ii 82.34 . each dron-chara strong-haunched , TBC-I¹ 3390 . cia no[m]beth cét tengad d.¤ fri sirlabra, SR 825 . sére d.¤ strong meat (of flesh dressed as venison), 2857 . doinenn d.¤ , Acall. 675 v.l. diliu d.¤ , Rawl. 76a24 .

Transf. and fig.: ní sulbir in briathar .i. ní d.¤ gl. sermo contemptibilis, Wb. 17b4 . atberim frit aithesc nd.¤ , SR 1873 (cf. 825 quoted above). dliged ndoraid co ndronchéill `a difficult dictum with hard meaning' ( pithy?), Thes. ii 293.21 (SP ii). ar dēin co ndroncōiri a `dian'-poem with sound construction, Laws v 58.27 , cf. O'Dav. 849 . naoi mbliadhna atfes, arimh d.¤ a sound computation (?), AFM 923 (poem). tria drungo drona dagdrēcht, ZCP xii 246 § 18 . Germáin oc Tuathaib De d.¤ (epithet of the language or possibly adv.), SG 348.9 . dronchetal, ACC § 115 (`steadfast song', RC xx 282 ; resonant, forcible?). co mbad druine cech cetal in cetal sa, ib., Comm. deilm as druiniu (druine, MS.), ZCP viii 561 § 2 . co Drobáis dron-garm, LL 8b42 . drongáir na lúirech din , TBC-LL¹ 5075 ; Fianaig. 90.16 ; SG 322.12 ( ¤ghaire). Clann Colmāin do triall dronbāig in gech dāil stout fighting (?), BB 45a8 . dímus d.¤ , BColm. 78 . dronfhuirech `strong durance', Metr. Dinds. ii 26.18 . dí bliadain ceithri deich d.¤ (a mere expletive?), Arch. Hib. ii 86 § 49 . do chungid digi drune ( invigorating?), LL 34a52 ( Ériu iv 102 § 42 ).

Of persons: Dia d.¤ , SR 4049 , cf. 2409 , 7825 . in Dagda d.¤ , Ériu vii 220.29 , cf. 226.18 . Dáire dímer d.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 134 . a dalta d.¤ , LL 152b13 . cóiciur dírmach (sic leg.) d.¤ , Ériu iv 100 § 31 . cona chléir ind ḟírdhruin, Fél. Dec. 3 . for dirmaib dronaib, LL 273b11 . saer d.¤ durrtaigi (drond.¤?), Laws v 102.24 , cf. O'Dav. 733 . drongemm (of a pers.), Gorm. July 7 .

Used adverbially: file nach d.¤ dechraighfas sochur, dochur . . . who will not firmly (?) distinguish, ZCP iv 237 . d.¤ forfuirmedh `have been put firmly', Fianaig. 14 § 35 . dia mben crann co docht d.¤ frisin cnocc, SR 2003 . doní co d.¤ a drúidecht, Metr. Dinds. iii 44 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns, see exx. above.

(b) With adjj.: ¤adbul, Metr. Dinds. iii 338 . ¤ard, ii 44.32 . ¤bude, FB § 45 . ¤mas, SR 6890 . ¤oll, 343 .

(c) With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤altach with massive cliffs (?): i cind d. Deilgthen, LL 133a12 . ¤cherddach of sound craftsmanship, RC xxvi 20 § 46 . IT iii 31.17 . ? ¤chobach: pl. -chobcha (of horses), LL 189a10 . ¤chóchech strong-haunched (of a horse), FB § 50 . ¤argda of solid silver, § 45 . ¤órdae, § 50 , cf. TBC-I¹ 2331 .

dúthchas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dúthchas or dil.ie/19311

n u and o, m. (dúthaig) IGT Decl. § 38 .

(a) hereditary right, claim by descent, birthright: cid asa ngaibther flaithemnas for túathaib? . . . a feib dúthchusa, Tec. Corm. § 5 . ní d.¤ fa deara dháibh | ríoghacht Gréige do ghabháil . . . dhóibh nír bh'athardha an oighriocht, 3 C 13, 781.5 . ni tre cheart duchais rogobsad acht ar eicin, Lec. 169a20 . gor trēig C.C. righacht Erind . . . fa dual dō ō duthcas ┐ o folaidhecht hi, BCC § 74 . nach raibhe ceart ná d.¤ aige ar bheith innte (i.e. a territory), Keat. iii 5103 . cúigeadh Laighean do léigeadh do Dhiarmaid, amhail fá d.¤ dó, 5115 . senchuidhe ó oific ┐ ó dh.¤ hereditary shanachie, Mac Aingil 543 . engnamh Ulad . . . tré dúthchus a dheghmathar . . . a Conall C. inherited the valour of the Ulstermen through his mother, MR 312 . ar duthchus a mathar dodhechaidh sidhe re hēiccsi (of Fland mac Lonáin), ZCP viii 110 . na somharbhthachta atá san gcolainn do dhúthchus ón talmhain by virtue of its descent (origin) from the earth, TSh. 187 .

(b) claim, privilege, custom due to heredity or established by tradition: gach aon a gceann a dhíre ┐ a dhúthchasa féin, ML 102 . nach biaidh d.¤ nó daor-chíos ar mo fhine ó chineadh oile, 118 . na rechta ┐ na roduchusa rofágadar bar n-aithreacha agaib, MR 150 . ag leanmhain dlighidh na dúthchasa `according to the laws of the country' (acc. to traditional custom?), Keat. iii 2769 . do réir dúthchais is reachta hereditary custom and law, O'Rah. xxxii 58 . tabhraidh na mionna duthchais atá againn annso the traditional oaths, Maguires of F. § 80 .

(c) In concrete sense inheritance, patrimony, territory: a nduthchus ní géba a clann his children shall not obtain their inheritance, Fen. 80 . a roga tuaithi dia duchus (privilege of any chief of line of Dubda m. Condmaig), Lec. 165c35 . nir tréigius . . . mo tir no mo ducus, Cog. 172 . ic teasargain a tuath, ic dírgad a duthchusa, MR 100 . iar ndith a duthchais after the loss of his patrimony, Hy Fiach. 62 . gur easguin Garalt Caomhan co n-a shíol .i. gan ríogha for a ndudhchas go bráth, 140 .

(d) native place or land: Cuil Cernoga . . . nemdona an drong dan duchass, Lec. 171b17 . roinnis dó a duthchus ┐ a cenél, Moling § 26 . ba he (sc. Caisel) a m[b]unadus ┐ a senducus badein, Cog. 70 . dochuaid Abratham ass[a] d.¤ , SG 48 . intan n[on-]índarbtar sinn asin Roim ┐ asar ndúchus féin, CCath. 607 . scrisfuither asa ndutchus ┐ asa n-athardha fen iad, BCC § 127 . Hence in Bedell nativity, birth: go tír ar ndúthchuis, Jeremiah xlvi 16 . is do thír Chanaan do bhreith ┐ do dhuthchus, Ezekiel xvi 3 .

(e) connexion, affinity, or attachment due to descent or long standing (oft. folld. by RE = FRI): doluid C. do rochtain cloindi Cein risin mbrathairse ┐ risin duchus do bi do riu, Lec. 125a1 . no dh.¤ riu recfa me, Prolegomena 49 . fiú m'ollamhnacht ó'm aes gráidh, | fiú ár nd.¤ riú 's ár robháidh (a bard speaking of fellow-bards), Miscell. Celt. Soc. 380 . mo dh.¤ red dhreich mhínréidh, 3 C 12, 402.15 . ní . . . ar dh.¤ re Corc Caisil | tuc toirbearta do Thorna | acht ar oirdearca a ealadhna, 3 C 13, 481.18 . lén is uilli ḟuarasa | ég mo dhuine duchusa . . . cuimhne ar dhúthchus Diarmada | mo dhuthracht an duthchus-sa, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 336 .

(f) inherited instinct or aptitude, natural (as oppd. to acquired) tendency or bias: uasalṡenōir togaidhe . . . ar deilbh ar duthcus ` disposition ', AU 1203 (ii 240) . ba duthaich . . . — Cia duthchus ón?, Anecd. i 4 . a dh.¤ re draoidheacht his native turn for wizardry, Content. vi 121 . d.¤ re gaisge, a Aodh, | atá agaibh as bhar ngaol, xviii 32 . daer in duine da duthchus, ACL iii 238 § 9 . ar colla acht gid bailc i bus | is pairti donda a nduthchus nature, constitution (heritage?), § 6 . is diall réd duthchusaib dilsi bodesin duit-siu na hábaisi ┐ na hairrdhena sin `clinging to thy true ancestorial nature', MR 302 . níl cinnteacht 'n-a chroidhe ná cáim air, | acht d.¤ maith a shean ag fás leis, O'Rah. xviii 80 . ar ógaibh nach dubh d.¤ whose nature is not melancholy, Ó Bruad. ii 92 . léig diot . . . na bearta as dúthchus duit, PCT 817 . as beg na coisgid siad (sc. remedies) an flux doreir duchais, 23 P 10, 143rb17 . Hence in Hy Fiachr. hereditary holder of a territory, line of hereditary possessors (?): céd dúchus adearar and | ó Dún Fhíne . . . | Ó' Duiblerga the first inheritor who shall be mentioned here . . . is O'D., 218 . ná fágbam Ceara na clad | can a dúchus do dénam, | can beith co seim 'cá snaidi | d'á breith 'sa réim rigraidi without mentioning its inheritors, 186 . Note also: do dhúthchusuibh Jerusalem inhabitants , Isaiah viii 14 .

(g) Attrib. gs. hereditary, pertaining to a certain territory or people, native: a ttighearnus do ghabail da nGhaoidhelaibh duthcassa bhudhdhéin ar ndíochur a nGall esdibh, AFM iii 562 . fineadhoigh dudhchusa an Bhaic hereditary tribes, Hy Fiach. 10 . meic Gilli E. a taisich duchisa, Lec. 349d19 . fir dúchais hereditary followers, Hy Maine 86 . a bhfecmais mo tíri . . . ┐ m'atharda duthcais fein, BCC § 67 . do bi an oiret sin . . . do gradh ag C.C. ar a tír ┐ ar a athardha duthchusa, § 192 . san bhfonn ndúthchasa, TSh. 6020 . óna dtír dhúthchais, 6364 .

écht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. écht or dil.ie/19544
Last Revised: 2013

n u, n.? ( Todd Lect. iv 205 ), later m. The original meaning seems to be slaughter, slaying , and this is generally implied, under all extensions of meaning.

I A slaying, slaughter ; usually of slaying an enemy in battle, but also in the senses of murder, manslaughter (with gen. of agent or obj.): écht Maind the slaying of Mand (obj. gen.) TBC-I¹ 2181 = Metr. Dinds. iv 278 . ferais ēcht ndochla ndobail | guin Fiachach, TBC-I¹ 2068 = TBC-LL¹ 2784 . naco ndernat echt fon innas(s)a nidat tualngi comram until they accomplish such a killing as this LL 123b51 (= Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 4 ). Anecd. i 13.5 . do commaoidhimh an echda mhoir dorinde (viz. the slaying of Fer Diad) ZCP x 296 y . is mór in t-écht doringni rí L., bás mo dam ingen do thuidecht trina cheilg, LL 295a23 = RC xiii 38.18 . saebécht doróni L. for mnai Conchobair, Metr. Dinds. iv 32 . ēchta Lagen for Leth Cuind slaughters (inflicted) on L.C. by the Leinstermen LL 48b7 . dorigne P. echta ar na Tiauandaib, TTebe 2835 . nir bo echt cen aithi not an unavenged slaying TTebe 3523 . mairg cathraig i ndernad in t-échtsa (viz. the Crucifixion) PH 3306 . lucht an echta those who had wrought the murder KMMisc. 313.13 . Dán Dé xxvi 33 . tír an echta `the land on which the crime had been committed' BNnÉ 313.5 . adchondairc A. na tigri...a haithli na n-echt sin do denam daib (after the tigers had killed a charioteer and his steeds), TTebe 2780 . trésna háraibh ┐ trésna héachtaibh do-bhéaradh ar a easgcáirdibh, TSh. 2763 . Here may belong: ech cumal echta, Laws v 414.21 with gloss: .i. go n-a duine, 416.1 , possibly = gona duini of slaying a man; then ech c.e. might mean a horse worth a blood price (?). aircet échta, Acall. 789 (`silver taken as spoil from the slain' SG ii 120 ) cf. 1 echta. Attrib. g s.: aire échta noble of death-deeds, the designation of an officer entrusted with the duty of exacting blood-vengeance, Laws iv 322. 20 . See PRIA xxxvi C 16 § 109 (cf. ib. 269.31 ). ZCP xv 319 . airi echta in tAengus G., ac dígail greisi ceniuil a tuathaib Luigne, Laws iii 82.6 . neoil éachta clouds of (i.e. presaging) death Ir. Monthly 1920, 108 .

II By extension a slain person , occasionally somewhat in the sense of Engl. casualty, loss (in battle) but some of the follg. exx. may belong to I (see SGS iv 94-95 ); cf. eacht pity, grief, sorrow, mourning P. O'C. : ard cach n-écht dorochair and every (warrior) slain there Metr. Dinds. iv 44 . rob echt mór fer dibhsin gérbhó maith an dias n-aile (of three slain warriors) AFM v 1636.6 . dorónadh écht mór annsin ō Ghallaibh .i. Pattraiccín C. there was a serious loss on the English side, viz. P.C. 1646 y . dorochrator échta móra ó Máguidhir M. suffered some serious losses Hugh Roe² 30. 27 (17a) . ni hinnister echt oirdearc diobh do thuitim, AFM vi 2106.8 . L. Chl. S. § 54 . echta a n-airech the slain of their leaders Leb. Gab.(i) i 270 . nír bhó hionairimh a n-échta, AFM vi 1936.12 . Marco P. 63 . mór n-éacht gcuradh do chaillsead, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 352 . ba doimtheachta an maighen la hioliomat na n-écht ina bhfaoínlighibh, AFM v 1278.11 .

The use of écht may be anticipatory: dús in tetarthad écht n-amra d'Ultaib do marbad if he could succeed in slaying a famous champion of the U. LL 124a8 = Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 4 (rendered: i ndóigh éachta do dhéanamh ar Ulltachaibh, Keat. ii 3106 ). is amlaid forcoemnacair cach oen for erchomhair a échta facing the man he was to slay ZCP xi 61.17 . ni fiu lium echt anuasal nā gillanrach do marbadh, vi 278.30 . ML 100.12 . gu nderna mé écht Ídhail, IGT, Decl. ex. 426 . Probably of this type is: demin leis gia no thachrad écht dó nā lécfadh C. dó a dénam even though he should get the chance of slaying (a champion) TBC-LL¹ 1180 .

III Exploit, prowess, deed of valour ( echt ab actu , O'Mulc. 365 , may belong here): eachd, gaisge prowess Kirk = ACL iii 154 . eacht `a feat, exploit, achievement' P. O'C. imchongbail echta ocus enig ocus engnuma na hErenn, MR 148.21 . géaga gionalaidh gach fir | éachda iongantais is aisdir, Studies 1923, 598 . síothamhla a héachta an athuair more peaceful her deeds TD 39.15 . téid...d'éisteacht Aifrinn Dé...éacht nár thais don treonruire, Ó Bruad. iii 84 . In pejorative sense: olc echt … mind righ fo ceann druag and so, Anecd. ii 79 .

IV Of a hurt inflicted: níor leigheasadh...éachta...a chuilg the wounds from his blade were never healed Ir. Monthly 1920, 265 .

V ?: ni fuil écht do choite féin inti `to do thee alone a skiff's office his capacity is all too scant' SG 242.32 .

Compds.: échtbrug dwelling of champions (?): clár na n-eachtbhrugh, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 342.11 . ¤chor: tárrais éachtchor iongantach thou hast met with strange disaster (to a ruined abbey) Ir. Monthly 1921, 508 . ¤chú deadly hound, ep. of a warrior: éachtchuin tseanga, Ó Bruad. ii 54 . ¤chur death-dealing champion, valiant warrior: síol na n-éachtchuradh, Ó Heódhusa, Ir. Monthly 1921, 330 . ¤ḟoirenn: ó éachtḟuirinn A. `A.'s daring tribe' Ó Bruad. ii 156 . ¤ḟrém valiant stock: bile échtfhréime Uidir, O'Gr. Cat. 471 . ¤minic given to performing valorous deeds: Sir A. armdherg échtmhinig, Rel. Celt. ii 186.6 .

eter, etir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eter, etir or dil.ie/20789

Forms: eter, etir, etar, eada, itar, hitar, idir, etrom, etrum, adrumsa, etrut, etrutsa, adru, adrud, adrad, eadra, etir, etronn, etrunn, étrunn, eadrainn, eadroinn, atruinn, etrunni, etruinde, eadruinn, etruib, etruibsi, eadruibh, eadraibh, atraib, etarru, ettarru, etarro, etorro, eturra, atarru, eatorra, etarruib, etoroi

prep. with acc. Lenites in Mid. Ir. Forms: eter, Wb. 10b21 . 12b12 . 13c26 . 14b10 . 15a29 . 21b15 . 26d5 . 27c15 ; 36 . 28d27 . LU 11a36 ; 41 . Rawl. 48bz . 25b37 . 71a19 . etir, Wb. 28d25 ; 31 . Ml. 18d24 . 19d2 ; 20 . 25d1 . 34d20 . 35a19 . 37d10 . 38b1 . 38d13 . 39a7 . 39c12 . 47c18 . 53d12 . 56b33 . 58a11 . 69a18 . 76c5 . 92a13 . 97a7 . 102a7 . 103b15 ; 16 . 103d14 . 114b17 122d7 . 136c1 ; 3 ; 4 . 137c8 . 140a2 . Sg. 72a2 . LU 3a11 . LL 220b42 . 230a11 . Rawl. 49b37 . etar, Sg. 212a11 . eada, Mon. Tall. § 30 . itar, Sg. 203a16 . hitar 203b9 . 212a15 . idir, BB 289a24 . YBL 401a26 .

With pron. suff.: 1 s. etrom, Sg. 217b11 . etrum, Hy vii 48 . adrumsa, BCC § 179 . 2 s. etrut, TBC-LL¹ 884 . etrutsa, LB 174a43 . adru, Ériu iii 164.26 . adrud 164.25 . adrad, IGT, Decl. ex. 2060 . eadra, Matthew xviii 15 . 3 s. etir, Wb. 28b3 . LU 44a28 . 1 pl. etronn Wb. 15a32 . Rawl. 65a21 . etrunn, Wb. 31a11 . étrunn Ml. 38c28 . eadrainn, YBL 401b2 . eadroinn, TD 15.1 . atruinn, IT iii 242.242 . With emph. suff.: etrunni, Wb. 12b12 . etruinde, YBL 276c10 . eadruinn, Acts xv 9 . 2 pl. etruib, Wb. 24c22 . 27b18 ; 21 . LU 107b42 . LL 260a39 . etruibsi, LB 223bx . eadruibh, IGT, Decl. ex. 1041 . eadraibh, TD 2.47 . Matthew xvi 8 . atraib, CCath. 1669 . 3 pl. etarru, Wb. 7d10 . Sg. 163b6 . 200b7 . 209b33 . 217b9 . Ml. 72c9 . 78b11 . 112a8 . 119d10 . LU 6b9 . LL 402b27 . ettarru, Wb. 33b18 . etarro, Sg. 150b6 . 151b5 . LU 27b24 . 30a17 . etorro, LU 43b33 . eturra, LB 223b52 . atarru, 236b6 . eatorra, TBC-LL¹ 2214 . TD 9.13 . Matthew xv 7 . etarruib, IT i 76.18 v.l. etoroi, Hib. Min. 17.291 .

I Between (two individuals or groups)

(a) of spatial, also of personal, moral and reciprocal relations. For convenience of reference the exx. in this subsection are classified as follows: (a) the objects of the prep. are denoted respectively by the suff. or independent pron. and a subst.; (b) the objj. are denoted by suff. pron.; (c) each of the objj. is a subst. (sg. or pl.) or each is a pron.; (d) the objj. are denoted by a dual subst.; (e) a pl. or collect. subst.

(a) ni fil fiál etronn et Crist, Wb. 15a32 . Corm. Y 989 . etir fessin et doíni (gl. mediator Dei et hominum) Wb. 28b3 . robbet etrom ocus phein, Hy v 96 . daratailc itir ┐ a brat TBC-I¹ 1278 . sliab Ḟ. etrut ┐ Emain, TBC-LL¹ 884 . ná léig edrom as mfeithiomh, LB 200.21 . ná leig beind...adrad ┐ Eire, IGT, Decl. ex. 2060 . cindus edrud ┐ an Cristaidhi? how goes it between thee and the Christian? ZCP vi 287.4 . lig edruinde ┐ cāch leave us to settle with everybody 36.2 . ná léig eadrainn is aoinneach do not leave me to contend alone with any TD 30.4 (see léicid). ro suid eidir e ┐ rig Ulad, MR 66.8 . tarla imresain iter se ┐ mac rechtaire na T., BCC § 168 . do bi fairce itir se ┐ an t-inadh sin § 271 . The pl. pron. is often used idiomatically, including by anticipation the second obj. with the first: dorigne Ioib leathsmacht mor etarru ┐ Mercuir between him and M. BB 4a20 . releic comdílsi etarru ┐ in snechta between him and the snow Moling 7.67 . tuc [an ingen] a láimh etorra ┐ a léinid, Acall. 3710 (`between herself and her smock' SG ii 198.5 ). ro suid eturru ┐ rig Ulad between him and the king FDG 583 ( = eidir e ocus r., MR 66.8 ). atorchair eturra ┐ Coin C. he and C. fought Ériu i 124.18 . iii 166.37 . contudchaidside etarru ┐ cranna `came between her and [her] spearshafts' iv 22.20 . tic M. do saigid a brathar ┐ doroinde sith celgi etarro ┐ a clann between him and her children RC xxiv 178.12 . cein robúi A. a nirt comoralta epistle etorru ┐ D., Alex. 802 = Anecd. v 1.6 . In O. Ir. the subst. immediately following the conjunction is regularly nom. Only when the article precedes is it acc. ( etarru ┐ ingréin, Ml. 112a8 ). See KZ liii 83 ff .; In: is e comartha robui etarru si ┐ Coin C., Ériu, ii 22.19 , the scribe may have considered si ┐ C. as explanatory of the pron. (b) ber brith étrunn (inter me et inimicos meos) Ml. 38c28 . dorigénsat dechor etarru, Wb. 7d10 . Hib. Min. 8.276 . roboí commant n-etarru du denum uilc, Ml. 78b11 . is cían etarru 119d10 . ni cian etruib, TBC-LL¹ 1652 . cuing airgit etarru (of two birds) CCC 2 LU. is bec duit etorro they are much the same (in relation) to you 7 LU. atá Slíab F. etruib (i.e. between thee and Emain, but this may belong to the idiomatic use noted below) LU 4866 . nothogfaindse etruib far ndís between you both IT i 72.18 . ar in ccompantas fil edrainn, TBC-LL¹ 2220 . nocho betis beóil bána | etraind is airm ilága there would not be white lips and weapons between us 4105 . ní maith etraib re haitrib aeninaid `you do not find it easy to live together' Ériu viii 4.27 . gan aoinneach ann eatorra, TD 9.12 ; 35 . bágh na healadhna eadruinn, 23.5 . fearr...iná' lot eadroibh than that it should be destroyed (in the contest) between you 2.43 . suil bheas aimhréidh eatarra lest there be disagreement between them 24.3 . Cf. runn dergōir itir suidiu between these latter (two) IT i 137.15 ( CCC 2 Eg.). With ellipse of second obj.: cisalpina... .i. in Gallia cenalpande. cen Alpai ṅ-etarru, Sg. 217b9 . (cis Rhenum) .i. cen Rian ṅ-etrom 217b10 . tocuiriur etrum indiu inna huli nert so, Hy vii 48 . ní gar dogebhthar an ingin...fuil muir ┐ tír adrud sea and land are between thee (and her) Ériu iii 164.25 . ata fairgi mor adrut, ib. 26 . With a slightly different construction: consáiter etrunni mad tú between me and thee IT iii 244.1 (see KZ xlviii 52 ). See also end of c below. (c) in maceries roboí eter Dia et duine...et roboí eter corpu et anmana, Wb. 21b15 . dechur fil eter lanamnas et ógi 10b21 . dechur itir doíni ┐ idlu, Ml. 138c1 . triasin imresain fil etrum ┐ tu, MacCarthy 70.6 . rocroth M. a brat eter Coin C. ┐ Faind, IT i 227.1 ( = LU 50b ). cathir fil etir Ninues ┐ Thala, LU 1b25 . co torchair eter Ailill ┐ Medb, FB 61 . facbail obele itir bu ┐ laega, Laws i 232.5 . tainic itir in ingin ┐ a hédach, RC vi 175.6 . tiocfa an lán eadruibh is é, IGT, Decl. ex. 1041 . ná leig eadrainn agus inn protect me from myself Dán Dé xxii 17 . na hoiléinsi thoir | atá idir Ḟódla is Alboin, TD 24.6 . imthigh agus spreag é eadrad féin agus é féin amháin tell him his fault between thee and him alone Matthew xviii 15 . éidirdhealughadh eadruinne ┐ iad, Acts xv 9 . naoi n-iomaire eatorra agus é, Keat. ii 5202 . Of disputes, etc. cumusc...etir cenel nEogain ┐ Ultu, AU 892 . scanner etir ḟiru M. ┐ Airghiallu, 1050 . rofhás...cosnam eter na Gregaib ┐ na Latintu, PH 322 . RC xviii 167.23 . BB 12a4 . cath eter Tuathaib D. ┐ Fomoraib, 11b38 = MacCarthy 292 . a fil eter findruini ocus dergór as gold exceeds findruine FB 58 . a mbí idir ór is umha, TD 7.21 . idir mhéid meanma is mhíne | bhios aicill na hairdrighe 20.4 . The subst. may be represented by a vn. phrase: idir bheith ard is ísioll | do-chuaidh (i.e. he took a mean course) TD 20.38 . With omission of second obj. before the dependent gen. which distinguishes it from the first: dechur etir deacht maic ┐ athar, Ml. 24d25 . dorronad síid eter muntir nime et talman, Wb. 26d5 . do denamh sithe itir feruib Erend ┐ Alban, BCC § 318 . With idiomatic ellipse of second obj.: romboí fial amirisse eter a cride between their hearts and him Wb. 15a29 (see also end of b above). (d) atá coitchennas itar indi brethir so, Sg. 203a16 . in criss tessaigthe... | eter na da mesraigthe, SR 160 . súil cháirech eter da rethi, IT i 82.1 . crandcaingil eter cach da claiss FA 13 LU. rond argit eter cach dá en, CCC 2 LU. ro crochad Crist eter na dá latrand, PH 1209 . an sruth... idir in dá sluagh, BCC § 174 . co ruc itir a dha laimh air 309 . ass eter dā thēcht `milk of medium thickness' MacCongl. 101.9 . (e) C. ro crochad eter na latrandu, PH 2257 . cid atá etir na clarlestraib, LU 3a11 . urba itir fēraib, Laws i 232.6 . filleadh bruit edir dheimhis, IGT, Decl. ex. 1374 . Cf. an t-eidirdhealughadh ata idir pheannaide gach droinge, Rule of Tallaght § 52 .

(b) of intervals of time: atá etarro immedon, Sg. 151b5 . dos ánic dunebad eter da domnach, LU 15b26 . it cóic deich lathe airmither eter cháisc...┐ sollamain in cengcaigis, PH 5415 . robatar indsin etir da thráth din ló, LL 122b8 = RC iii 184 . eadar dí nodlaic, Mon. Tall. § 30 . canith M. etir cach [da] salm ...`sancte M.' § 8 . etir theirt ┐ medhoin laei, AU 916 . ca med lā | idir m'ēg san tē thesdā between my death and his who has gone YBL 401a26 .

II Among (the members of a group) with pl. or collect.: óentad etruib immanetar, Wb. 27b21 . amal file óentid eter baullu coirp duini, 12b12 . a ndorogbid etruib, 27b18 . cinirbo etruib robammarni, 24c22 . etir tuaith among lay- folk 28d25 . etir na trogai (gl. inter aerumnas) Ml. 38d13 . eter tonna [t(h)onnaib v.l.] trethain, Fél. Nov. 23 . atá imfrecrae etir inna cethri fersu, Ml. 58a11 . hua[n] chomchétbaid són roboí etir inna cenéla du ulc frit, 103d14 . ní berat fírbrithemnachta etir in n-aís dutiagat inna reir 103b16 . eter libru (.i. ...eter lebraib), LU 11a36 (ACC). eter scolaib, 11a41 . dot fastad eiter tuaid ;...nit bera-sam eiter tuaid to detain thee among the laity. He shall not carry thee off among the laity Mon. Tall. § 66 . in tan doberthar in cauradmir etruib, FB 59 . dá charpat rempe ┐ da charpat na diaid ┐ da charpat cechtar a da tǽb ┐ carpat eturru ar medon, TBC-LL¹ 696 . luid...etorru ar medón went into the midst of them 900 . tarrustar [Ísu] eturra [sic leg.] ar medón, PH 6673.6823 , etc. fáid eter fháidib... apstal eter apstalu, 879 . atbertsat etarru buden, LB 2a46 (= PH 118 ). ba hed atberdis-sen atarru fessin, 236b6 . co tucam aichne fair iter [itir?] cách that we may recognise him among all others 175b28 = PH 1965 . dorat imcossaít eter na mná, FB 21 . dodeochatar na noib so... i n-ógbrathirsi etir na cenela, ZCP viii 315.19 . a mbith i scrin eturru that they might have them in a shrine (a saint's relics) BColm. 96.7 . do tocbatar a muindtir fen an duine ...etorra ass in luing, BCC § 259 . bai imchosnum...eter a coic macaib, RC xxiv 176.7 . robad astrach...eter sídaib would journey among fairy-mounds IT i 215.22 . eatorra do hoileadh mé, TD 3.47 . eidir ṡaorchlannaibh ṡíol N. | do bhínn, 28.21 . ré bliadhna...dúinn...idir ḟiadhaibh Éirionn `in the wilds' 15.10 . rorand in doman a tri eter a triur mac, BB 11a19 (= MacCarthy 286 ). do randad Eriu eter na coigeadhachaib BB 13a5 = MacCarthy 304.1 . itir gach ní da raibhe scribtha and, adubhairt se..., BCC § 243 § 216 . With rel. part. before verb: ond áes tuaithe eterarrobæ, Wb. 28b32 .

III Followed by two or more objj. connected by ocus (or is) both...(and), including...(and) (cf. trian dib fria clais, trian fria croit, trian etir clais ┐ croit, Hib. Min. 9.280 ): with a s.: etir maith et saich both good and bad Wb. 8c20 . eter ógi et lanamnas, 9d26 . cense fri cách eter carit et escarit, 30b27 . eter soír et doír, eter mug et coimdid, 27c15 . cech rét...etir glan ┐ anglan, Ml. 69a18 . ɔdib innon in fogor hitar hothad ┐ hilar, Sg. 203b9 . a n-étguda eter chorcair ┐ gorm ┐ dub..., buide ┐ brecc, etc. TBC-LL¹ 66 . a tairbirt uili...eter mnaí is fer, SR 5648 . lucht na cathrach etir ṡen ┐ óc, LL 230a7 (= TTr. 944 ). PH 186 . no churfed in Troe fó gin gai...etir ḟer ┐ mnaí mac ┐ ingin, LL 229b38 (= TTr. 928 ). Studies 1920, 566 . slán eter chorp ┐ anmain, PH 419 . na cressa...eter úacht ocus tess, FA 26 . rofegsatar in tír | etir min ocus anmín SR 4670 . roderscaigestar a tech so eter adbur ┐ elathain, etir cháimi ┐ chumtachtæ, FB 1 . oc iarraid mna do dinguala etir cruth ┐ deilb ┐ ecuscc, IT i 119.1 . Ériu i 218.15 . ro sirsit hErinn ule itir thes ┐ túaid, IT i 119.6 . rodalaitseom etir anair ┐ aniar, 99.7 . Content. xxviii 8 . dolluid [in sindach] fon caillid ┐ sloig Laigen eter chois ┐ ech ┐ choin inna degaid, IT i 46.27 = LB 65b55 . as tú an beó... | do-ní idir eó ┐ énlaith, IGT, Decl. ex. 651 . idir éasga is ghaoith is ghréin | ...ag diall ruibh, TD 21.43 . co ro lládh a n-ár etir ergabail ┐ marbadh, RC xvii 355 . ag breith breithe eter beth a tocht ┐ ag labhra, BNnÉ 123.11 (in: a thindscra...itir ingen ┐ decelt, etc. YBL 32a25 = TBC-I¹ 1635 , ingen may be a scribal slip). Cf. tinne da mer do miter itir a tiug ┐ a tana, da dorn itir ┐ a tiug, a do itir ┐ a tana, da mer itir ┐ eipe a droma, ocht nduirn a fot ┐ ceithri duirn a leithit, Laws ii 246.3 , where: itir ┐ a tiug, itir ┐ a tana, lit. between it and its fat (lean), may mean including its fat (lean). tinne tri mer itir a tiug ┐ a tana, 248.10 . Cf. however ZCP xiv 352 . With a p.: etar fileda ┐ aís ndénma sairse chenæ, Sg. 212a11 . trian in tsluaig... | eter angle is archangle, SR 1838 . airnisi in gobann huili etir bulgu ┐ urdu ┐ indeoin, ZCP viii 304.36 . dia mbetís eter biu ┐ marbu Ulaid i n-oenbali the U. both living and dead LL 109b3 . marbad in tslóig archena etir maccu ┐ ingena, senóre ┐ sentuinne, 230a 11 = TTr. 947 With d p.: eidir themploibh ┐ mhainistrechoip ...tri tempaill is dá fichit, Fl. Earls 98.12 . With a p. and a s.: eter mo chuimregasa et líin dia pridchimm, Wb. 27c36 . Cf. oc imarbaig eter a feraib ocus siat fesni, FB 29 , where the construction is loose (see ZCP iii 418 ).

IV In: etir in n-inilligud (gl. intra tutum) Ml. 47c18 , the prep. is used = Lat. intra `within'; but this is an isolated case and prob. due to confusion betw. intra and inter on part of glossator.

étla(id)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. étla(id) or dil.ie/20875

Forms: edlaigh-si, edla, edla, étlaitis, étlais, atrula, étla

v (from the prototonic forms of a compd. of -tlen (?), but apparently influenced by élaid, with which it is synonymous in I. Cf. do-étla, tétlaid)

I Steals away, escapes, makes off: imperat. pl. 2 edlaigh-si as fo ḟedhaibh slip away TBC-LL¹ 5678 St. ind. pres. (?) s. 3 is annsin edla [leg. ro edla , perf. ?] R. anair...do fogra imana ar Tuathaib D. `sped westward' Ériu viii 28.24 . imperf. pl. 3 ra étlaitis lucht a frestail...ar oenḟeraib uathu stole away one by one MU 44.14 < LL 268b25 . pret. s. 3 étlais úadib, Metr. Dinds. iii 194.17 (tetlais, teltais v.l.). perf. ra étla óenḟer díb úad im-munigin a retha escaped from him TBC-LL¹ 2980 (rodnelo St). in soiser ro etla uad arecin .i. Ionas, BB 245b1 (= ro éla, YBL 296a11 . atrula, SR 5317 ). ro étla [in macc bec] ar a lamhacan do ṡaighi na con crept on its hands and knees Cóir Anm. 71 = BB 254a16 . ra étlá a treiset assa thrén-lámaib (of a wounded warrior) LL 244b3 = TTr. 2056 .

II In middle sense, with infixed pron. betakes oneself stealthily: mos-etlannsi cuci immach steals out to him IT i 72.14 (mosetlánsi, nosetlannsi, nusétlannsi v.l.).

III Trans. steals away, takes away: pres. subj. pass. madia n-adbul-etlaiter ni on uasal (gl. on: dithle duind damaig) `if anything...is pilfered from the noble' Laws v 440.26 Comm. past subj. pass. acht nabeth rúad-daire ... ┐ ra étlaithé a cháel...ass, CRR 34 .

Cf. co n-adbul-etlaidenn uad `that it takes away from him' (ed. refers this gl. to co mbe dithle, but it may belong to adapail), Laws v 450.18 Comm.

1 fell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fell or dil.ie/21551

Forms: fiull, fiull, fell, fell, fell, fhill, fill, ḟill, fell, feall, ḟeill, fill, bhfeill, fill, feill, feille, feille, feille, fill, feil—, feilbhearta, feilghníomha, feloig

n o, m. and ā, f. masc. d s. a fiull , AU iii 348 . i fiull AFM iii 6y . iar fell , RC xviii 154.8 . a fell , xvii 403.3 . a s. cen fell , LL 110b27 ; 34a54 . g s. in fhill , Fianaig. 72.3 . fill, RC xvii 285.26 . an ḟill , Hackett xlii 11 . g p. fell, Metr. Dinds. iv 90 . fem. feall f. IGT Decl. § 39 . d s. do ḟeill , LB 38a46 . PH 4192 . i fill , ZCP viii 119x . i bhfeill , Keat. ii 4158 . a s. fill, Rawl. 165a55 (: fīrgrinn). 156b22 (: Ailill). feill, IGT, Decl. ex. 1102 . g s. na feille (filli v.l.) IGT, Decl. ex. 1068 (: fírinde). feille, AU iii 442 . na feille Keat. ii 4062 .

(a) deceit, treachery: f.¤ a verbo fello (= fallo ?) Corm. Y 634 . Equated with comchocur conspiracy clúain, mealltóireacht, Kirk ( Eg. Gl. 143 , 354 ). do ḟeill ┐ fingail PH 4192 . lucht in chogair ┐ in ḟill, Fianaig. 72.3 . cech olc ... itir ḟell ┐ duinebad, LB 132a1 . oc Síd Buidb ná fóelsad fill who would not endure treachery Metr. Dinds. iii 272.39 . Guaire na faemad fill, Rawl. 165a55 . is fírdlighed deit ní fell, IT iii 45 § 66 . cuach d'argut ... cen ḟell ` un-alloyed ' Ériu iv 102 § 43 . do himreadh ort feall, Hackett xlii 5 . With prep. FOR (AR), esp. in phrase do-gní f.¤ for betrays: dia mbad bés damsa f.¤ for echlacha to practise treachery towards couriers TBC-LL¹ 147 . iar f.¤ dona Tuathaib fair after being betrayed by the T. RC xviii 154.8 . feall la D.. for M ... go romarbh ina airiucht, AU 1026 . ni dechaidh a hairi-si fri feall furri do A. she did not perceive that A. was deceiving her Aen. 788 . ag feall ar Finn do Chormac betraying F. to C. CF 64 . feall ar a einech (i.e. betraying one who is under his protection) Laws v 368.8 . munbad fell ar einech damsa drai ... do dichennad, MR 190.8 . feall ar eineach `a breach of hospitality' ITS v 74.28 . feall ar abhaill na haithne to steal from the forbidden tree Dán Dé xxi 17 . ro smuain feall ... do denam air, Fianaig. 70.5 . Iarla L. ... do marbadh ar ndenum feille da muinntir fein air, AU ii 442 . go ndearnadar Clann Ch. feall ar Íoth, Keat. ii 1185 . i fi(u)ll (fell) treacherously: Tadg ... do marbadh do mac A. a fell, RC xvii 403.3 (Tig.). T. ... do marbadh la E. ... a fill, xviii 285.10 . romarbadh m'athair a fell, ZCP vi 277.32 . Donn Sleibe do marbadh ... i fill, AU 1227 . a marbadh le M. ... i feall, 1310 . captin F. ... do marbhadh i ffiull la a muintir fein, AFM vi 1986 . As quasi-vn.: ar fellad (v.l. fiull) d'A. fair, Cog. 46y (47 n. 19) . g s. as attrib. : cen utmaille fill `shifty treachery' Metr. Dinds. iii 270y . crech fill `a treacherous raid' RC xviii 285.26 (Tig.). nipo fócrach fagla fill `it shall not be with proclamation of a treacherous foray' Ériu vii 219 § 2 . fobairt felli, Ann. Conn. 1291 § 7 .

(b) renders homicidium Stapleton's Catechismus p. 82 . Compds. (usually fel—, feil—) : ¤bert a treacherous action, treachery: fer na fillberte, BNnÉ 161.26 . i ndíoghail na feilbheirte dorinneadar ar Íoth, Keat. ii 1190 . pl. feilbhearta gráineamhla, TSh. 5383 . i ndíol na bhfeillbheart do-rinnis ar mh'athair, 9109 . ¤bráge : a pledge given in false homage: felbraighde `deceptive pledges' AU ii 374 . ALC 1291 = felbraigti, Ann. Conn. 1291 § 4 . ¤breth treacherous award: fa ḟeilbhreathaibh eachtrann `treacherous enactments' TD 18.3 . ¤cherdach having (using) treacherous arts; wily: trētūrach ... feilcerdach, ZCP vi 91.3 . ¤chrúaid treacherously stern: Sillan flaith nach felcruaid `evil and cruel' Gorm. Oct. 21 . ¤fer traitor: ni f., Gorm. July 29 . ¤gním a treacherous deed; abomination: pl. feilghníomha deanachta cathrach Ierusalem, TSh. 704 ( Ezekiel ix 4 ). lucht furáilmhe feilgniomh, AFM v 1850 . dīden cōra, cosg feilgnīomh, ZCP ii 350.8 . ¤óclach : foirbhḟir ┐ feall-oglaoich `aged men and recruits' (sham soldiers, shirkers ?) Todd Lect. iv 102.15 ¤óg false virgin: Scoth, Femmor nit feloig (∴ onōir), Gorm. Jan. 18 , where the masc. n p. may be metri gr. ¤rád deceptive speech: in chev. : ni fellrād (: sengbān), BB 52b36 .

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