Search Results

Your search returned 20 result(s).

anall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anall or dil.ie/3340

 

adv. stressed on second syll. (exx. of rhyme and alliteration in bardic verse infra). Written anaill, Alex. 579 , Fl. Earls 166.17 . See GOI § 483 . The form anaill, TBC-I¹ 3615 is taken by Thurn., ZCP xii 410 as standing for inn-all thither . Of place from beyond, from the opposite side, híther: tar muir a.¤ , Trip.² 331 . dar glend a.¤ hither over the glenn, MU² 494 . do-lotar trá forsin farci a.¤ hi tír n-Érend, BDD 23 . ro ráthaiged . . . as[in] tig a.¤ Ingcél I. was perceived from the house, 71 . adainter . . . in Bruden . . . ┐ dorróbdad a.¤ co fá thrí the B. is set on fire . . . it was quenched from within, 143 . isind leith a.¤ on the opposite side, 74 . fá cáin a.¤ a tax (imposed) from abroad, Keat. ii 5754 . Extended applications: transitiuum . . . .i. gním dosom i nnach naile innunn ┐ is césad do ṡuidiu gním o nach ailiu foir sem a.¤ , Sg. 209b12 . is bes tra isind libursa briathra na salm a.¤ (written over the line) do erlabrai ánd ┐ bertair dano briathra asin stoir sea innun fo fuillned inna salm innunn to quote (from another book), Ml. 26c6 (verba psalmorum superiorum, Zeuss 611 ). is airi trimirothorndiussa indium inna huilisa asrubartmar ánáll `we have mentioned above', Wb. 8d26 .

In phrases: innonn ┐ a.¤ on all sides: robaí fe 'nund ┐ fe a.¤ in dúsin essgal ┐ tessgal, LL 12961 . na cathaighthe a.¤ 's anonn `temptations on every side', Aithd. D. 51.13 . ar na bhogadh anonn sa nall `tossed to and fro', Proverbs xxi 6 . (di) ṡíu ┐ a.¤ from this side and that, from both sides: cona díchtheth carpat friae di síu nách a.¤ from either direction, LU 4798 (TBC). roferadh cobleng croda etarru dísiu ┐ a.¤ on both sides, RC x 185.3 . imda . . . sruthide fola for toebu trenfer siu ┐ a.¤ do macu I., LB 129b44 . secht mile isseadh torcair idiu ┐ a.¤ ettorrae, AFM i 318.2 .

With the prep. FRI: fri muir robur a.¤ `beyond the Red Sea', Ml. 124c24 . altarach .i. frie a.¤ (gl. nihil ultra) `on the other side of it', Sg. 71b1 . glend lán di thenid fris a.¤ , LU 2145 ( FA 21 ). coromarb nonbur friss a.¤ `on the other side of him', RC iii 178.10 .

With the idea of motion much reduced (here written andall and perh. a separate word): interrogaverunt horam specialem in qua ille effectus est abbas ┐ ba sí húarsom douargaib A. ind soscele andall (i.e. in Scotland; almost = tall, q.v.), Mon. Tall. 162.33 (§ 85) . co cruthaigfea in Comdiu andall curpu na esergi (i.e. in the other world), LU 2594 (edd. suggest reading thall as in l. 2587 ).

Of time of yore, hitherto, heretofore: fo bith an chotuigh a.¤ `from of yore', Blathm. 311 . ní bíd clad . . . i nHére isind amsir a.¤ co tanic remis mac nÁeda Slani, LU 10569 . analadh a.¤ uile / o tus betha, LL 395a17 . a gabala uili a.¤ hitherto, Fen. 48.1 . rí agá ndubrad nert a.¤ a king ever regarded as powerful, O'Gr. Cat. 378.4 . de cheniul Tuathail Techtmhair ┐ Ugaine Mair a.¤ , MR 1.5 . fedh na bliadhna so a.¤ `in the course of the past year', RC xxix 114 § 11 . With various prepp. With FRI: fris an mbliadhain sin a.¤ `during the preceding part of this year', AFM vi 2274.z . With CO: lase foruillecta béoil inchalich di mil cosse a.¤ `when the lips of the chalice have hitherto been smeared with honey', Wb. 7d9 . rob ainfethaig firu Hērenn a n-imthūs Táno cosin a.¤ , ACL iii 3.20 . co gin Mic Maire . . . / a.¤ o tus domain, LL 395a24 . co sin a.¤ till that happens, Críth G. 264 . mani dernat co cenn mís dotíagat for cairdde ná[d] lenat a lepthai cucai a.¤ i.e. the aire échta is not responsible for their protection any longer, 362 and p. 71. With ó: Dathi anall `from the time of D. onward', Ériu ii 186.15 . nī bīad rí ō Ess a.¤ , ZCP viii 223 § 21 . co ro-fíugrad . . . o chein mair a.¤ esergi Crist, PH 3423 . a.¤ ó dhortadh díleann `downwards from the pouring of the flood', TD 28.3 . otha a.¤ `henceforward', Fél. 6.10 .

Extended forms (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 196 - 197 ): ? co Dún Brí anal[l]a over to Dún Brí, BColm. 60.28 . a-nallamhain (: Lughaidh), Ériu ix 165 § 22 . anallamhuin (: mbonaibh) in times of old, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 30 § 8 . a-nalloin (: balloibh), PBocht 5.1 . a-nalloin, DDána 63.27 `already', Ir. Monthly 1928, 156 . a-nallan (: anman), PBocht 10.8 . a-nallan (: fharradh), DDána 64.30 . popul na ngente ro baí i ndorchataid pecaid . . . anallana formerly, Trip.² 50 . cid so or cách. ni bu adas a cóemna rosbai-seom anallana, LL 279a19 . anallana . . ., PH 2244 . analluna (: amudha), Content. ix 23 .

In phr. anois (aniodh) (┐) analla(i)n now and always (of past): congbhaid anos a-nallan, Content. xxviii 3 . t'éighis anois 's anallain, xviii 74 . aniodh 's anallain, DDána 92.4 ; cf. suil tháireas gus a-noise a-nallamhain, 83.6 `from that day till this', Ir. Monthly 1921, 419 . anall-út, -ód: anallút (coming from) over there (of a boat), LU 1869 . Fionn . . . / do bhí neartmhar a-nall-ód, DDána 112.8 . annála na n-ard-fhlaitheadh anall-ód of yore, TSh. 5476 . a nallód of old, Jeremiah xxviii 8 .

Forms with in- for an- (under infl. of prep. i n-): i nallut, Laws ii 94.8 Comm. inallana, PH 4473 . i n-allód (= antiquitus), Keat. i 106.19 . inall, AFM v 1868.14 .

1 ap

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ap or dil.ie/3853

 

Forms: abb, abbaith, apid, -apid, -apthib, ab, abbadh, abbadh, abbaidh, apaid, abb, abbaibh

n t, m. (Lat. abbas, -atis). Frequ. spelt abb. Cf. GOI 575 . a s. abbaith, Thes. ii 242.21 . d s. apid, Wb. 26a8 . n p. -apid, Wb. 12b17 . d p. -apthib, Wb. 19d2 . ab m., IGT Decl. § 21 . Later also with n s. abbadh, AFM i 452.7 ; abbadh , BNnÉ 50 § 36 . abbaidh, AFM i 526.18 . g s. apaid, O'Curry 2415 ( Eg. 88, 32(33)d ); Laws iii 72.13 Comm. d s. abb, PH 583 ; TSh. 3074 . d p. abbaibh, AFM iii 28.14 .

(a) head of a monastery, abbot: ab .i. ab eo quod est abbas , Corm. Y 28 ; cf. ab .i. maith, Stowe Gl. 225 ; Lec. Gl. 458 . gabsi cadessin abbaith he himself took the office of abbot, Thes. ii 242.21 (Ardm.). Esodir in t-epscop / abb ecailse ardae, Fél. Jan. 2 . cell cen abaid, LU 615 (ACC). samud Cíaran cona n-abaid .i. Aédlug . . ., 9594 . cor manaig cen apaid, Laws i 50.z . dia flaith, dia fine, dia abaid, iii 22.7 . fo reir abbad ┐ anmcarat techta, 14.15 . tellach apu (leg. apad ?) for a mancu, v 206.6 . ceall a mbi airchindech laich cen cairiuga do abuid, v 118.4 . cor manaigh . . . sech apa (leg. apaid ?), 356.12 . cor apa (leg. apad ?) sech manacha, 15 . dun abaid .i. dun airchindeach, 22.25 Comm. comeniclann do ┐ in ri no in t-app, 48.z Comm. eneclann apadh na cille, iii 208.13 Comm. co na dingentar appaidh do nach clerech, Anecd. ii 17.7 . no chantais cléir cainabbad, Metr. Dinds. iii 378.12 `the holy abbot's choir' (of Patrick), v p. 232 . mac ind abbad issin cill, LL 18771 . ina suidedaib apad, BColm. 62.20 . eidir abaidh is easbog, ZCP viii 229 § 2 . i gcoimhdeacht abbadh, Keat. iii 1328 . d'abbaidh Í, 1331 . saltair an abadh, IGT Decl. ex. 786 . tánaise abbad prior (see Binchy, Celtica iii 223 ): C. . . . tanaisi abbad C., CS 130.x . tanaiste abadh Cluana maic Nois, RC xviii 23.9 (Tig.).

In phrase a.¤ Rómae the bishop of Rome, pope: Alaxander . . . abb Rómae, Fél. Apr. 27 . Celestinus abb Rómae, Trip.² 302 . co hapaid R., 913 . cu abbaid R., 2827 . Siluester tra abb Roma, PH 362 .

(b) In extended sense of leading person, lord: ab .i. tighearna, O'Cl. gebtit iudei i n-apid `Judaei will receive him as lord' (of the devil), Wb. 26a8 . fora n-apaid .i. for Díabul, LU 2436 . abb popuil, Fél. Apr. 12 . abb míle, Fél. May 24 . Of God: ar n-abb, SR 831 . a Rí na mblat is na mbreth / is tú in t-abb is tu in tóesech, LL 1991 . a.¤ archaingel, Ériu iii 106 § 46 . Uriél lim . . . / int abb co n-ūaisli ardi (of an archangel), ii 92 § 4 . ma coir a.¤ coso `if he be a just head', Laws ii 280.1 Comm. imdich cach corp a memru .i. fuadridh cach coir a.¤ , O'Dav. 1125 . Lugaid . . . is é ba aire ba h-abb, LL 18367 ( ZCP xii 379.22 ). Astiages abb cen ḟell / dar airged Ierusalem, LL 15484 . co rig nasail app druing dein, IT iii 12 § 22 . nír bo roinn abbadh aimhréidh, Anecd. ii 35 § 15 .

Dam-inis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dam-inis or dil.ie/14512

 

ī, f., n.l. Ox- or stag-island : Daiminis inis na ndam, SG i 28. 6 . Devenish in Co. Fermanagh. gen. Ciaran abbas Daiminse, AU A.D. 921 .

Daui

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Daui or dil.ie/14768
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: Daui, [Da]ui, Duiacch, -i, Daí, Dai, Dæ, Doe, Dui, Daua, Dau, Doach, Dauach, Duach, Dauoch, Duaach, Duëch, Duiacch, Duach, Dai, Duaich, Duiacch, Duaich, Duach, Duach, Dau, Dauich, Duaich, Daui, Dau, Dái, Duiach, Dauich, Daui, Dau, Daui, Dai, Duach, Daui, Daui, Rethach, Duach, Duach, Duaich

k, later o and io, npr. m. g s. Duach disyllabic in old poetry: Ferggus Domnall Ainmire: ocus Nandidh maic Duach (: nauch), AU A.D. 562 . gus seiss det toenur cin nech: inn úir Cille mec Duaach, ACL iii 2. 2 . dá bliadain déc réil a rath: ropo rí mac déin Duäch, MacCarthy 174. 10 (LL). fuair Muridach celg tria cath: la hEnna ṅderg mac Duäch, ib. 174. 8 . roscarsat ria gargblaid ṅglain: Duäch Ladgair is Lugaid, ib. 180. 8 . Monosyllabic: n. or a s. Duach, Gorm. Feb. 3 . MacCarthy 172. 2 f.b. ; 174. 2 ; 194. 7 , 9 ; AFM ii 898. 3 (A.D. 1070).

INFLEXION: n s. Daui, AU A.D. 501 . [Da]ui Galach LL 41 a 16 (cf. mic Dhuach Ghalaigh, AU A.D. 576 ). The spelling Duiacch (g s.) CS A.D. 497 also points to a nominative in -i. Daí, BB 234 b 24 . Dai, ib. 69 a 44 . 234 b 25 , 33 . Lism. L. p. 343 at l. 2572 . RC xxiv 182. 3 . Dæ, BB 69 a 43 . Doe, Laud 610 75 b 2 = ZCP viii 295. 8 - 9 . Dui, Rawl. 165 a 42 , 45 . Daua, BB 180 a 32 . Dau, Ardm. 19 a 2 . Trip. 350. 30 (not the numeral). Laud 610, 99 a 1 = Anecd. iii 60. 11 ; ib. 60. 8 , 14 ; 61. 1 ; 62. 21 . LL 319 c 17 . 321 c 49 , 52 . 321 d 15 . Fianaig. 36. 4 f.b. Doach, Cóir Anm. § 88 . Dauach, BB 176 f 2 . Duach, AU A.D. 501 (gl. ad Daui). CS A.D. 497 . MacCarthy 174. 2 (LL); 180. 8 (LL); 194. 9 (LL). LL 182 b 24 . 319 a 48 , 62 . 365 g 8 . BB 47 b 28 . 57 a 42 . 67 b 37 . 84 b 47 . 89 b 9 , 53 . 111 a 48 . 117 b 5 . 118 b 5 . 171 a 31 , 47 . 187 b 14 . 319 a 62 . Misc. Celt. Soc. (Gein. Corca Laidhe). Laud 610, fo. 115 a, col. 3 . AFM i 162. 4 . Cóir Anm. §§ 29 , 88 , 133 , 136 , 138 , 139 .—g s. Dauoch concluded from the rhyme with nauch in the old poem AU A.D. 562 ( nuach : Duach, Tig. A.D. 562 in corresp. passage). Duaach, Acta Sanct. xx 314 ; Clúain D., ACL iii 2. 2 , where the rhyme with nech may point to a reading † Duëch (older than Duäch). Duiacch, CS A.D. 497 (sic leg.). Duach, AU A.D. 560 , 562 , 576 , 582 , 583 , 585 . Fél. 68. 4 at Feb. 3 ; ib. 88. 16 ; 116 at Apr. 18 ; 242 at Nov. 12 . Tig. A.D. 546 , 562 . LL 41 a 17 . 313 c 40 . 320 b 5 , 45 . 321 a 8 , c 37 . 332 a 18 . 350 b 41 . BB 59 b 18 . 81 b 7 . 84 b 6 . 97 a 23 . 115 a 32 . 141 a 9 . 173 a 16 . 176 e 47 . 178 a 20 . 223 e 7 (Duac). Rawl. 151 a - b . Anecd. iii 61. 7 , 10 . Gorm. Feb. 3 . Misc. Celt. Soc. pass.. MacCarthy 174. 8 , 10 . AFM ii 898. 3 (A.D. 1070). Dái, LL 369 a 21 . Dai, BB 234 b 40 , 42 ; but not Dá in Dá Derga, Dá Choca (otherwise Stokes RC xxii 12 n. ). Duaich, Gorm. Feb. 3 n. CS A.D. 497 (v.l. Duiacch). AFM i 162. 2 . —a s. Duaich: slógeth Muman for D. la hOengus colluith Dau hi Scellecc, Laud 610, 98 b 2 . Duach, Cóir Anm. § 29 . MacCarthy 172. 2 f.b. , 194. 7 (perhaps for older Duaich, cf. the rhyme with fuair). d s. Duach, AFM A.M. 4297 . 4307 . 4453 . 4462 . 5032 . 5041 . Cóir Anm. § 29 , § 139 .—n du. dá Dau , Rawl. 149 a 45 .—n p. Dauich, TBC-LL¹ 2681 (LL; Daúith, Stowe). TBC-LL¹ 3496 Y. Duaich, TBC-LL¹ 2681 , H 2. 17.—Hence Dúachan, q.v.

The old inflexion is represented by n s. Daui, Dau, Dái: g s. Duiach (cf. ái poetry: gen. uath): n p. Dauich. In Mid.-Ir. MSS we meet with a double inflexion, one starting from the n s. Daui, Dau, forming the g s. Daui, Dai; the other from the oblique cases (and n p.) forming the n s. Duach. For n s. Daui cf. fili, oígi. Daui is a npr. in -vik like Ogh. DENA-VECA (g s., † Dianach), Ogh. RITTA-VECAS (g s., Rethach). Its Ogh. equivalent would probably be † Ogh. DAVOVECCA or † Ogh. DASU-VECCA (= Dauoch), if, as is not unlikely, it is to be compared with Gaul. DAVOS or Gaul. DASVVIOS. Dau appears to have become obsolete as a npr. as early as the early 7th century; the gen. Duach, however, lingered on throughout the Mid.-Ir. period in connection with síl, 1 dál, clann, Húi, and in place-names with Clúain, Ard ( Ard nDuach, Laud 610, 99 a 1 ), &c.—Derived from Dau is Duichne, q.v.

D.¤ Dalta (dallta) Dedad son of Cairbre Losc, Cóir Anm. § 29 . King of Tara, killed by Fachtna the prophet AFM A.M. 5032 , 5041 . MacCarthy 194. 9 (dalta), 194. 7 (v.l. dailech Dedaid). ITS v 190. 14 , 18 .

D.¤ Dibech Srubech i Cliu, LL 321 c 52 .

D.¤ mac Barrindáin, Reeves Ad. xli n.

D.¤ mac Briúin meic Echach Mugmedóin, usually called D.¤ Galach: Dau mac Briuin, Ardm. 19 a 2 . [Da]ui Galach LL 41 a 16 (and immediately after: mac Duach). Dai Golach, RC xxiv 182. 3 . Duach Galach, AU A.D. 576 . Cóir Anm. § 136 . His descendants are called Clann Duach, Hog. Onom. 241 a .

D.¤ mac Conaill mic Cairbri, Fél. 88. 16 .

D.¤ mac Conaill Gulban, also called Fergus Cennḟota: Dau m. C. G., AU A.D. 585 . Father of Feradach, ib. A.D. 582 , 583 ; of Nainnid, ib. A.D. 560 , 562 . Tig. 543 , 561 , 563 , 586 . Ann. Inisf. A.D. 553 Ninnid is called mac Fergusa.

D.¤ mac Daimin, from whom Dál nDuach in tSlébe, Lec. 177 . Hog. Onom. 333 a .

D.¤ mac Dári Cerbai, LL 319 c 17 . ZCP viii 314. 35 .

D.¤ mac Echach, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 46. 14 . sé meic Echach .i. Dæ Ciarán Feidlimid, &c. BB 69 a 43 ; ib. 44 . ZCP viii 295. 8 - 9 .

D.¤ mac Eirc, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 46. 8 .

D.¤ mac Ennai meic Amalngado, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 18. 6 (Duach). BB 234 b 24 (Daí). cland Dai mic Enna, ib. 234 b 40 .

D.¤ Iarlaithe son of Maine mac Cairpri. Dau I., Anecd. iii 60. 8 , 14 ; 61. 1 ; 62. 21 ; gen. Duach, 61. 7 , 10 ; acc. Duaich, 60. 10 .

D.¤ Ladgrach mac Fiachach Tolgraig king of Ireland, killed by Lugaid Láigde AFM A.M. 4453 , 4462 . ib. ii 898. 3, A.D. 1070. Cóir Anm. § 88 . Cf. MacCarthy 180. 8 .

D.¤ mac Maine mic Cairbri, Fél. 242 at Nov. 12 .

D.¤ mac Macniad, Fél. 116 at Ap. 18 . Miscell. Celt. Soc. 8. 11 ; 24. 13 ; 32. 16 ; 38. 3 , 13 ; 44. 11 , 15 , 17 ; 58. 13 . Fianaig. 36. 4 f.b.

D.¤ mac Oengusso: dá Dau dá mac Oengusa Bruigde, Rawl. 149 a 45 .

D.¤ mac Sétnai, often called D. Find ( LL 319 a 48 ). MacCarthy 172. 2 f.b. (D.¤ Find); 174. 2 , 9 . AFM A.M. 4297 , 4306 (D.¤ Find).

D.¤ Tenga Umai king of Connaught, killed in the battle of Seghais, A.D. 499 AFM , 497 CS , 501 AU ; LL 182 b 24 ; v. Cóir Anm. § 139 . Dui Tenga, Rawl. 165 a 45 .

Dau from Argetros, father of Conchrad, Rawl. 151 a ( ZCP x 375), LL 321 c 49 : Dau Deda Derbeolach i nArgetros, Cóir Anm. § 133 . Cf. Húi Duach, often mentioned in connection with Airgetros, Hogan.

Dau father of Colmán, Fél. 68. 4 . Gorm. Feb. 3 .

D.¤ abbas Aird Macha, Trip. 514. 13 (LL), died A.D. 565.

D.¤ de Húib Turtri, Trip. 542. 13 (LL).

Dedad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dedad or dil.ie/14974

 

Forms: Dedad, Dedhad, Dedhadh, Deadad, Deadadh, Deadhadh, Degad, Deagad, Deaadh, Degug, Dedaid, Deagaidh, Deagaidh, Deaghaidh, debaid, Dedad, Deadhadh, Dedaid, Dedaig, Deadhaidh, Degaid, Deághaidh, Dedadh, Dedad, Dedaid, Dedad, Ded, Dead, Deadh, Deag, Deda, Dedu, Deda, Dega, Dea, Dé

gen. npr. m.

Agen. Dedad (: blad, MR 212. 8 ): LU 51 b 8 . LL 12 a 9 . 14 a 9 . 17 b 15 , 32 . 18 a 27 . 152 a 20 . 319 a 1 , 9 , 15 f.b. 319 b 28 . 319 b 34 . 321 c 6 f.b. 321 c 54 . 324 e 9 . 324 f 15 . Further instances from LL: ScM. § 7 (thrice). TBC-LL¹ 1484 . CRR §§ 16. 17 .— BB 83 b 9 . 139 a 26 . 140 b 43 . 152 d 20 . 153 a 30 . 176 f 14 .— Cáin Ad. 12 . TBC-LL¹ 79 YBL. ZCP iii 44 st 21 . Fianaig. 36. 25 . Dedhad: MacCarthy 304. 2 BB. Dedhadh: Dinds. § 48 . BB 146 e 40 . Deadad: MR 212. 8 YBL. BB 148 c 51 . 153 a 51 . 163 b 7 . 169 a 44 . 176 f 17 . MacCarthy 194. 9 BB. Deadadh: BB 31 b 15 . 176 f 22 . Deadhadh: BB 176 f 5 . 231 b 45 . BS § 68. 1 . Degad: LL 390 a 38 . Fél. 96 at March 12 . Deagad: Lism. L. xvi 12 . Deaadh (disyllabic) BB 30 b 5 (cf. LL 152 a 20 ). Degug, ZCP ix 123. 21 .—acc. Dedaid TBC-LL¹ 4772 LL. Deagaidh, ib., Stowe. Deagaidh, ML 16. 6 . Deaghaidh, Stor. Keat. 69. 2 f.b.

B Extended to o-stem. By the rhyme Dedaid: debaid LL 129 a 24 this inflexion is established for the 11th century (poem by Gilla Coemáin mac Gilla Saer Samthainne † 1072). —nom. Dedad: LL 323 d 36 . 324 e 10 . Rawl. 153 b 17 . Deadhadh, BB 172 a 44 . — gen. Dedaid: LL 129 a 24 ( MacCarthy 194. 7 ). 138 a 46 . 144 b 20 . 170 a 3 . 198 b 34 . 198 b 2 f.b. 336 b 18 . 350 e 47 . 198 a 50 (: sain). Rawl. 147 a 30 ; 158. 21 . Dedaig: LL 129 a 25 ( MacCarthy 194. 9 ). Deadhaidh, BB 172 a 44 . 173 b 45 . Top. Poems 122. 2 f.b. Degaid, SG 280. 17 . Deághaidh, ML 16. 17 .—dat. Dedadh, Dinds. § 48 . —acc. Dedad, TBC-LL¹ 4772 YBL.

C Nom.

(a) Dedaid, LL 319 c 15 , orig. the acc. and dat. of A.

(b) Dedad, v. B.

(c) Ded, Lec. 409 a 49 . Rawl. 149 a 40 , 43 ; 151 a 39 . Laud 610 98 a = ZCP viii 314. 35 . Dead, Lec. 409 a 44 . BB 173 b 49 . Deadh, 173 b 44 , 48 (cf. 176 f 14 ). 176 f 31 . Deag, Lec. 418 a 51 . 586 b 35 . Old nom. of A. A nom. Deda ( Contribb. 599 ; Dedu, MacNéill Pop. Gr. 84 ) does not seem to occur, unless Beda's Deda (`presbyter et abbas de monasterio Peartaneu,' Beda 2. 16 ) comes in here. In Mid.-Ir. frequently confused with Daig (gen. Dega) and Dea, Dé. Thus BB 176 b 40 , 178 d 18 : meic Deadhadh (meic Cuirc) for meic Dega (sic LL 320 e 12 , 20 f.b. Cf. ib. 319 c 32 . BB 172 b 4 . 176 b 27 ). Ireoil mac Degad, LB 20 e 14 = Iriel mac Deaa, BB 223 a 25 . Cf. Daig and 1 Dea.

D.¤ mac Coirpri grandson of Niall of the nine hostages and father of Gemle BB 83 b 9 . D.¤ mac Dáiri Cherba grandson of Ailill Flann Bec. Húi Dedad in Eoganachta traced to him LL 319 c 15 . Brother of Eocho, Fidach, Fiacha, Dau, Dáire BB 173 b 44 . 173 b 48 . Cf. 176 f 31 . Lec. 409 a 44 , 49 . Rawl. 149 a 40 . LL 319 c 15 . Father of Dau, Der, Lugaid , ib. Father of Bracan BB 176 f 14 . D.¤ mac Degluini grandson of Eterscéle mac Degloth and father of Braccán LL 321 c 6 f.b. BB 176 f 17 . D.¤ mac Domnaill grandson of Donn mac Dubṡalach LL 323 d 36 . Rawl. 153 b 17 . Stor. Keat. 69. 2 f.b. D.¤ mac Fiachrach Bruige nó mac Fiachrach o Éle brother of Dau BB 173 b 49 . D.¤ mac Sin grandson of Ro-Ṡin mac Trir , a contemporary of Conchobar mac Nessa and provincial king of Ireland, MacCarthy 304. 2 . Cóiced Sláinge his province BB 31 b 15 . Foster-father of Dau LL 129 a 24 , 25 . 319 a 1 f.b. Rawl. 143 a 17 . 147 a 30 . MacCarthy 194. 7 , 9 . Father of seventeen sons MR 212. 8 YBL. Father of Ailill: LL 144 b 20 . 336 b 18 . 350 e 47 . BB 176 f 22 . Of Braccán, LL 144 b 20 . BB 176 b 22 . Of Conall Anglondach: BB 152 d 20 . 153 a 30 , 51 . Of Echbél: ScM. § 7 . Of Futhi: LL 144 b 20 . 324 e 9 , f 15 . BB 139 a 26 . Lec. 406 a 17 . Of Garbán: LL 198 b 34 . Dinds. § 48 . Of Iar: BB 140 b 43 . 146 e 40 . 148 c 51 . Of Dáire (thus also LL 144 b 20 . 319 a 9 f.b. , b 28 . BB 152 d 20 ), Binne, Ros (cf. LL 152 a 20 . BB 30 b 5 . ZCP iii 44 st 21 ), Forói, Glass, Conganchness (cf. ScM. § 7 . LL 138 a 46 . BB 169 a 44 ) ┐ rl., LL 319 a 15 f.b. Four more sons mentioned BB 152 d 20 , which added to those mentioned above give seventeen, the number given of his sons MR l.c. Father of Daríne, Fianaig. 36. 25 . Brother of Teth LL 324 e 9 . BB 139 a 26 . Of Febra mac Sin, Dinds. § 48 . — D.¤ derg díumsach, ML 16. 6 , 17 . D.¤ , father of Dairne Donn, SG 280. 17 . D.¤ Dian, father of Senach Garb, LL 198 a 50 . D.¤ Dron, father of Echtge LL 170 a 3 . 198 b 2 f.b. Mess Dedaid, Rawl. 158. 21 . O'Deadhaigh, Top. Poems 122. 2 f.b. —In sept-names: Húi Dedad (i.e. Dedad meic Dáiri Cerba): LL 321 c 54 . 390 a 38 . BLism. 45 a 2 . BB 172 a 44 . 173 b 45 . 176 f 5 . Cf. Hogan. Clanna (Clann) Dedad (i.e. Dedad meic Sin): a frequent name for the Érainn; cf. Ernai Muman día mbátar C. D.¤ , LL 14 a 9 . LU 51 b 8 . do chlannaib Dedad meic Sin, TBC-LL¹ 79 YBL. LL 319 b 34 . TBC-LL¹ 1484 . Fél. p. 96 . Recartacha D.¤ , CRR § 16 . —In nom. loci: Luachair Dedad: LL 12 a 9 . 17 b 15 , 32 . 18 a 27 . ScM. § 7 . BS § 68. 1 .

dísert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dísert or dil.ie/16806
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: díserta, disirt

n o, n. (but g s. díserta, MacCongl. 75.27 , 85.25 ), (Lat. dēsertus) solitary place, hence retreat, asylum, hermitage: disiurt .i. disertus locus .i. roboth and riam cia roderacht nunc it was formerly inhabited though now deserted, Corm. Y 433 . ro gabus . . . a ndisert sa, LU 1221 ( Imr. Brain ii 286 ). d.¤ mbec aigi hermitage, MR 10 . atá and beos d.¤ for leic Patraic hermitage (?), place of pilgrimage (?), Trip.² 858 . doc[h]umm in díserta ó tudchad-sa, .i. dísert ind F[h]áthlegai 'retreat in the wilds', MacCongl.² 894 . ba hamra in disiurt i mbadus ann, 87 . co ndarda nach nd.¤ dún sund corrabam i n-ar n-ailithre and some retreat (said by clerics of a nobleman who entertains them on their way to Rome), LL 281a46 . is ē doroindi, a betha do chindead don Choimdid na ndūla, ┐ tuc Bran dissert beac do andsin, YBL 208b16 . taít limsa dom disiurt, LU 1216 ( Imr. Brain ii 285 ). ic Disiurt Tola, AU 1056 . isind disirt i mbiatt in the retreat where they live (of nuns), Mon. Tall. 151 . cu feotar ina dísirt la Mochtae, ZCP viii 106 . g s. abbas disirt Teornoc, AU 818 . Dub dissirt, Rawl. 155a39 . Colum in disirt, 92c39 . Tír an Dísirt, BColm. 56 . i firdorus disirt ind Faithlegai, MacCongl. 119 . for dorus diserta ind Fhathlega, 85 . doc[h]umm in diserta, 75 . ord disirti the Cistercians, ALC i 518.14 . Common in place-names, see Hog. Onom.

Doiméne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Doiméne or dil.ie/17845

 

Forms: Doimheni

n.pr. io, m. g s. Artgal abbas Clochair mac Doimheni , AU 769 . Domeni m. Cairpri, Lec. 103d22 . See Daimén, Doimíne.

Dolcán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dolcán or dil.ie/18011

 

n.pr. o, m. Mochua Chluana Dolcáin of Clondalkin, SG 382.37 . occ Clúain Dolcáin, AFM i 502 . abbas cluana Dolcain, AU 780 . abbas Chluana Dolcan, 800 . Chua ó Chlúain Dolcain, Fél. Aug. 6 .

Dónait

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dónait or dil.ie/18178

 

Forms: D., Donait, Donat

n.pr. m. = Lat. Donatus: D.¤ , Fél. Nov. 9 . D.¤ dagfhial, Gorm. Aug. 7 . la D.¤ nár dáibill, May 8 . Donait, Feb. 4 , 17 ; Aug. 19 , 23 . Donait mac Tohence, abb Corcaighe, AFM 759 . ? gen. Condmach mac Donit abbas Corcaighe, AU 799 . Cellachán Ua Donait, AFM ii 592.3 (or from a nom. Donat?). Cf. a diamraib breithrib Donaide, ZCP xiii 294.5 .

Dorbéne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dorbéne or dil.ie/18290

 

Forms: Dorbbeneo, Dorbeni, Dorbeni

n.pr. io, m. (dorb?) name of scribe of Codex Adamn., Abbot of Iona 713. Latinized pro me Dorbbeneo . . . deprecetur , Thes. ii 280.47 . Dorbeni Kathedram Iae obtinuit et obiit , AU 712 . Dorbeni ( abbas Iae , superscr.), LL 364g41 . Dorbene seng, Gorm. Oct. 28 (.i. abb Iae Coluim cille). Dorbene fada mac Altaine abb Ia Coluim Cille, Mart. Don. Oct. 28 . S. Dorbaine Foda abb Iae décc 28 dOctober, AFM 713 . gen. Faelchu mac Dorbeni Kathedram Columbae suscepit , AU 715 . F. mac Dorbeni abbas Iae dormivit , 723 . Cf. m. Oilella (?) Doirbine, BB 117b51 .

élap

Cite this: eDIL s.v. élap or dil.ie/19928

 

n ` Divine Ruler (?) (`a compound of Hebrew êl "God" and Ir. ap, a loan from Lat. abbas ' K. Meyer, Miscellanea Hibernica p. 29 ): Fiacra fer na feili | ...gērat gluair co nglaine | ēlap sluaigh co saine, IT iii 57 § 108 . Cf. Él.

grían

Cite this: eDIL s.v. grían or dil.ie/26628

 

Forms: grian

n ā, f. sun: grian (gl. lucifer), Sg. 61a25 . titan grian, Hib. Min. 271 . sol .i. grian, Ir. Gl. 973 . Apollo grian, ib. 952 . n s. luid in grian fora culu, Ml. 16c10 . amal as toisegiu grián indáas laithe, 85b11 . in grén tind tóidlech, Hy. iv 2 . anaslui grién foa fuined `when the sun goes away to its setting,' BCr. 33b18 . g s. la cumscugud inna grene, Ml. 118c12 . for desleinn gréne on a sunbeam, Hy. v 34 . a s. is nem im grein, Thes. ii 294.28 . etarru són ┐ in gréin, Ml. 112a8 . dodechuid temel tarsin gréin, 16c5 . d s. hi coimthect du gréin ┐ escu, BCr. 32a6 . v s. a gelgrían forosnai, Fél. Prol. 5 . du. dí gréin airthir Liffi, ib. Dec. 9 .

a n-ed rucc grían do rennaib nime, LU 8245 ( FB 19 ). figur greni ┐ esca, IT ii2 102.27 . a rí gréne gile!, Fél. Prol. 4 . laithe na mís ṅgréine `of the solar months,' ib. 321 . amail doluid grian hi folt ḟeda, TBC-LL¹ p. 882 n. 4 . ac súgud grene ┐ gáithe uathu, ib. 5063 . di grein ... in una die , AU i 422.z (an. 910 ). turgabail na gréine, Thr. Ir. Gl. 42 (sub trogein) . for Ríg fallnathar gríana who rules the suns, ZCP vii 308.y . ingin thaitnigfes amal grein etir renna nime, Lat. Lives 65.12 . o thalmain co grein, MacCarthy 40.6 . nīsfil fo grēin fairind ... basid fēiliu `there is not in the world ...,' ACL iii 297 § 61 . Lucifer do na demnaib, grian do na rendaib, PH 6381 . g p. maith mo dīl la teg Rīg grīan, ZCP vii 307.4 . a luminary: oll natha nime nemgrian, RC xx 418 ( ACC § 144 ). tria gai (?) ngrēine through a sunbeam, O'Mulc. 830e . ó ghoradh na gréine, TSh. 2477 . ga gréine na ngrás, ib. 10736 . luigeacht na gréine, ZCP v 214.365 . Used in pagan oaths: co tart som grein ocus esca friu, MacCarthy 396.12 . in nath dognitis na filid ... do gréin ┐ [do] éscu, RC xx 418 ( ACC § 144 Comm. ). gabaim-si in grian (sic) i n-a fiadain form, PH 2696 . do cheangladar rátha gréine ┐ éasca orra féin `they pledged themselves by the sun and moon,' Keat. ii 1787 . Fig. applied to persons: (Saint Íte) in grían bán ban Muman, Fél. Jan. 15 . pais Guirgi, grían búadae, ib. Apr. 24 . (Moling) in grían án úas túathaib, ib. June 17 . ba grīan manach ... Columb Cille, ZCP viii 198.2 . grian na maighden Máthair Dé, O'Gr. Cat. 377.8 . (Pátraic) grīan gel Gōidel, glére garta, ACL iii 303 i § 8 . mianaiged gréin na fírinde, PH 8065 . dorochair grian na nGáedel (epithet for a chief), Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 35 . In the following exx. grian appears to be an adj. bright, radiant: indred Cormaic, findgen grían, ZCP xi 109 § 15 . a Rí grían, vii 302.24 . an t-iuidic gasta grian `the brilliant learned justice,' Ó Bruad. ii 278.2 . nach grian ros .i. nach follus eōlus (B. na Filed), ZCP v 485 § 1 . n. l. abbas Tomae Greine, AU i 274.6 (an. 793 ). Fictitious npr f. Loch Greine ingine Finn, Acall. 1013.

Compds. ¤ainech sunny-faced: co hOgma ṅ-Grianainech, TBC-LL¹ 4868 . ¤amra: inna chuiriu grianamra | a dá apstal dec imme, SR 8275 . ¤brug a sunny mansion: i ṅgrianbrugaib Parduis, ib. 1868 . soillsi édrocht aingil ac commbrised na n-gríanbrudh uile fútha `les palais du soleil,' RC xxiv 382.13 . Also used to translate the Elysian plains, the underworld generally: gusna grianbhrughaibh iffirn, Aen. 1199 . berid Caron iadsaide ... darin sruth-sa anund isna grianbrughaib, 1326 . grianbruigi iffirn .i. muighi ailli edrochta, 1416 . i tulaigh na trocaire i ngrienbrugib ifirn, CCath. 4274 . ¤bruth solar-glow: co n-acces ... in grianbruth amal gréin n-etraicht, Ériu ii 100 § 6 . ¤chnoc: a fhérmar na ngrianchnoc nglan thou grass abounding one of the sunlit hills, O'Gr. Cat. 476 . ¤chrios: the zodiac , Coneys . ¤dál a sunny meeting place (?): conid isin griandáil ... i Cluain ata taisi Patraic, Fél. 204.27 . ¤érge sunrise: grīan gan a grīanēirge | gidh glan a gnē, ZCP viii 212 § 61 . ¤ga a sunray: ó chuaidh griangha an iarla i dtalamh `the splendour,' Ó Bruad. i 146.17 . bearta gníomha gan ghriangha `deeds of darkness,' Hackett xlii 79 . ¤gnúis sunny, radiant countenance: ni bai soillsi acu acht grianghnuis caich fri araili dibh, RC xiv 56.12 . ¤goradh basking in the sun: gurab ann tigdís eunlaith Éireann dá ngrianghoradh, Keat. i 166.46 . ¤maine blackberries (lit. sun-brake): grianmhuine .i. sméra .i. an ni as grianda bhios isin muine, O.Cl. Corm. Y 690 (s.v. grith). ¤solusta radiantly bright: Dabilla genmnaidh griantsholusta, Ériu v 150.70 . ¤sróll bright satin: ria bhar n-gaillmeirgib griansroill, MacCarthy 126.15 . ¤tairisem solstice: da grientairisem, BCr. 35b1 . la in griantairismi sin, Fél.² cvi 15 . ¤taitnem: grían-taitnem na greine, CCath. 4848.

leth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. leth or dil.ie/30036
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: leth, leith, leithe, leithe, lethe, leithi, lethe, -leithe, leath, leithdeimhin, lethshathach

n o and s, n. Freq. treated as two words, l. o, n. half and l. s, n. side (e.g. GOI, Críth Gabl., BDD). But it is in some contexts difficult to decide between the two meanings, and cf. d s. leth (side), Ml. 51d3 , 128a1 ( leith, 62b13 ), d s. leith (half), Sg. 18a4 (but see note in Thes.), leuth, BCr. 3c , SR 8041 ; g du. leithe, Sg. 25b6 is ambiguous in meaning, and with lethe, Fél. Dec. 4 may belong to the by-form leithe, which latter. however, is more reliably attested in meaning side than in meaning half: a s. lethe, Imr. Brain 49 , leithi, TBC-I¹ 525. d s. lethe (MS.), Críth G. 428 , Grail 2004 . -leithe, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.27 .

In later lang. more usual in meaning half (for meaning side cf. taeb) except in adv. and prep. phrases, in which both meanings are frequent. leath m., IGT Decl. § 31. f. , § 39 .

A in meaning side, direction .

I

(a) side: cia beth cosar do cluim glain / fom dda lethe though I had a couch strewn of down beneath my sides, ZCP xiii 258.11 . a beóil for leith a cind, BDD² 541. Cf. do-berad urcar do cloich fuirre ┐ níba cian o leit[h] a cinn, TBC St. 1311 . tibri da leithe `to laugh on all sides', Laws v 228.27 (a kind of satire) .i. gaire uime . . . do cach l.¤ , 230.13 Comm . ? gur gab cairde fair ona cethre lethaib, asrenar . . . a di chumal cairde gacha leithe dona cethre lethaib, O'Curry 2532 - 3 ( Eg. 88, 44 ). ord cumaisc imorro .i. a cumusc a gabail as a leth deridh `the latter end(?)', Laws v 26.21 Comm . ro-claenad-som . . . cach l.¤ don luiṅg, TTebe 1995 . fal na leiti-si (sic) . . . don longphort, CCath. 5177 . tréd na loidhe ar leith an cnuic, Irish Texts ii 2 § 8 . ruc sí . . . mac forsin faidche ┐ sí fó leith ina dromlaig carrying one side of the pail(?), SG 326.28 ( RC xxiv 190.13 ). ? Page: fec leath 91, 92, MS. Mat. 573.29 (see lethenach). Less freq. direction, region : sechip l.¤ fon ṁbith foguir `on whatever side', Thes. ii 300.4 ( Hy. i ). cid féchai-siu issind l.¤ cían úait, IT i 121.10 ( TE 6 Eg.). mairg lingis lēim in l.¤-sain (i.e. towards Hell), ZCP vi 265 § 15. is i do leath coir tanacais you have done well to come, Aen. 1870. In chevilles: forom l.¤ , LU 3867 ( SCC 38 ). slúaig ós lethaib, Airne F. 288. Obscure: tāinic gaimred co ngainni / rolīnsat lethe linni `die Wasser haben die Flachlande angefüllt', Bruchst. i 67 § 156 (letha, v.l.). da each a laim leath aer sealba `two horses in hand at the border of the land', Laws iv 18.20 (leth saor selba, v.l.).

(b) Of twofold division of a house side (?), part (?); indala l.¤ de crín ┐ araile úr one part of seasoned and the other of green wood, Trip.² 601 . isind le[i]th ailiu, i fochlu on the other side, the north, Críth G. 591 . l.¤ in tige . . . do Conchobur . . . a ll.¤ n-aill do bantrocht Ulad, LU 8159 ( FB 12 ). l.¤ in tige . . . la Connachta ┐ in l.¤ aile la Ulto, Sc.M² 5 . isin leith aile in tigi, TTebe 473 . san leith oile `in the other division', TD 11.16 . an uair do chuiridís tuighe ar leath an tighe . . . chum na leithe oile, Oss. iii 216. 18 - 19 .

(c) Of the sides of the body with dess and clé: atá . . . / a scíath da leith chlíu on his left side, MU² 489 . certláech da leith deis . . . fer bec . . . da leith chlí on his right, on his left, 538 - 40 . don ochtmad asna uachtarach chleib a lethi deis Adaim doronta Eua, MacCarthy 48.12 . dul sa leath chlé dod chridhe / slighe i dteach nDé 'gun duine, DDána 10.25 . ar uaisle an leithe dheis dil, Content. i 10 . dá dheis . . . dá leith chlí, TSh. 4090 . do leith do láimhe deise, DDána 24.23 .

(d) With words indicating points of compass: fri mílid in lethe atúaid `of the northern region', Metr. Dinds. iv 40.7 . forin leith tuaiscertaigh don áth, TBC St. 2869 . don leith thuaidh, DDána 64.36 . leath thúaigh northward, Deuteronomy iii 27 . barsan leith descertach ind átha, TBC-LL¹ 3387 . mad od leith anneas gai[res an drean], Ériu viii 122.27 . ar an táobh theas leath theas on the south side southwards, Exodus xxvi 18 . don leath ṡoir eastwards, 2 Kings xiii 17 .

As acc. of destination, Ériu xli 34 .

(e) In phr. (a) l.¤ with clause containing verb of motion the direction in which, anywhere, wherever : nistá leó l.¤ do-coiset do chuincid neich `they have nowhere that they can go to beg anything', Mon. Tall. 128.10 . in l.¤ bertait sin hí lecidsi dóib wherever they bring her, LU 3125 . l.¤ dia mbí in gaeth is fris bís in chomla facing the wind, BDD² 1312 . hiss ē l.¤ ruc-sum a rēim / co Cenannas, Fing. R. 659 . é l.¤ luidi for tochmarc, Metr. Dinds. ii 2.20 . teis lee alleath gebus remat `you shall go with it whither it will go before you', Ériu v 120.16 . régat a l.¤ dīa tuitched `I shall go whither I have set out', i 116.8 . in leith teid (of a spear), Laws v 30.11 Comm . in leath bearar [in] slúaigead, Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 3 . is é l.¤ do-chuaid Conn ar a imgabāil a mesg c[h]lainni . . . Morna, ML² 1806.

Also with cach: cach led dochoid-som sund wherever he went, Wb. 14c20 . cach l.¤ no théged, IT i 130.23 . cech l.¤ naragdais, ZCP viii 110 § 7.

For the construction is é l.¤ attoíbi . . . co dú, is aentadach fri . . . co dú this is the context of, this is a parallel passage to, etc. see at(t)oíbi, oentadach.

In a large variety of adverbial and prepositional phrases.

II With adverbs of direction: ar in leirg l.¤ ifus, CRR 56. immot breith assa leith adíu `about carrying thee hence', Ériu i 130.34 . isind leith anall on the far side (of the house), BDD² 669 . l.¤ anall don ḟidh `on this side of', Ériu iii 164.29 . leath thall d'Fhinn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 8.27 . lethatshuas dinn `above', O'Gr. Cat. 232.x . da'n dá cical so lethatís dind, 290.27 . don leith amuidh externally, Grail 2621 . leith amuich outside (contr. with astig), Párl. na mB. 2132 . l.¤ amaich d'Eirinn outside I., Acall. 6457 . leath amuigh do uile-theorannaibh na Breataine, Keat. ii 1718 . beith leith amuich don phecadh without sin, ITS xxix 189.13 . leith amuigh don dá chás adubhart apart from, Mac Aingil 4529 . leath amuigh d'aicídibh tura an fhíona except for, Eochairsg. 95.22 . l.¤ amuigh do mnaib not including, BCC 228.35 (§ 237) . leath 'muigh gurab amhluidh . . . apart from the fact that, Luc. Fid. 3765 . l.¤ istich inside, Celtica ii 78.278 . andsa treas alt . . . l.¤ astig `on the third interior joint', O'Gr. Cat. 295.4 . leath istigh dar gcuimhne féin `within our own memory', Keat. ii 423. Cf. also: is uathaib sin l.¤ i fat gach ferann `far and wide', SG 121.31 . In form la-: dobert ferann do laistiar in the west, Rawl. 119a17 . lais tiar iar fuine ngréne, Fél. 112.25 . bóirdréis . . . tímpchioll a ccótaoi lastíos below, Párl. na mB. 538 . d'fhan an marc-shluagh la-amuigh, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 49.4 .

III With pronominalia.

(a) With poss. a his, its : co sceasain cach ball de a leithi (sescaind, lethe, LU) his limbs sprang apart, TBC-I¹ 525. sreith cechtar de a l.¤ he knocked each of them in a different (lit. his own) direction, LL 13983 . tēit in slōg uili for teiched, cach fer a l.¤ , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 34 § 4 . luid cách a lethi each went his way, LL 14308 . téit . . . cechtar de a l.¤ íar sain, TBFr. 169.

(b) With aile. With prep. DO and art. on the other side (freq. of battle, contest, etc.): bite i n-irgail . . . friu duṅdala leith, Ml. 47c3 . dind leith ailiu gl. illinc, BCr. 32a4 ( Thes. ii 16 ). at-raghat side súass, at-raghat didiu Ulaid don leith eile, Sc.M² 18 R . dilluid F. . . . don l.¤ oili a mBōaind entered the Boyne on the other side, ZCP viii 120.14 . tiocfaid leis don leith oile / guais-ṡeabhuic Bheann mBoghoine, TD 4.43 . don dara l.¤ . . . don leith eili (of simultaneous elections to a bishopric), Ann. Conn. 1307.12 . In more general sense on the other hand, alternatively. Cf. ho l.¤ ailiu gl. e regione, Ml. 128a1 . dob'áil liom . . . dob'áil leam dhon leith oile . . . , DDána 5.15 . don leith oile, L. Cl. A. B. 192.73 . don leith oile adeir Críost . . . , TSh. 1642 . In phr. l.¤ n-aill elsewhere, anywhere, etc.: is ferr damsa techt l.¤ n-aill, LU 3347 ( SCC 13 ). ráither fria . . . techt hi l.¤ n-aill n-aile co maitin, RC xxii 393.z . (BDD App.). indtan no teigdis nach l.¤ aili when they used to go anywhere else, Mon. Tall. 129.17 . tucsat a ndorus na huama i ll.¤ n-aill iat `inside of the door of the cave', PH 1018 . cidh ara tucuis in claideb i ll.¤ n-aile? why did you give away the sword? Lism. L. 1326.

(c) With cach: amal . . . asroither uisce for talmain cech l.¤ `on every side', Ml. 44d1 . aurchor snedar cach leth in all directions, Críth G. 219 . fer cach leithe lándligid `a man of full righteousness on every side i.e. dealing justly with all men', 528 and n. 0 (or to be referred to 2 l.?). co rucadur gacha leithi ar A., Fier. 235. Usually with prec. prep. DI (do, dá) or FOR (ar) in, from all directions, sides, everywhere : immib di cach leith, Wb. 17b19 . in talmain n-impu di cach l.¤ , Ml. 51d3 . di cech leith, 62b13 . 66d10 . testiu na fuile . . . for cach l.¤ , 22b1 . for cech l.¤ gl. longe lateque, 53b9 . slúaged . . . / de cach leith dar túatha, Fél. Ep. 35. fogéba do cach leith aci agid n-airegda, LU 2029 ( FA 10 ). for cech l.¤ , LU 2146 ( FA 21 ). ic fégad . . . for cach l.¤ úathu, MU² 364 . eo óir ina brut ro saiged a gúalaind for cach l.¤ on either side, IT i 131.17 . di cech leith gl. undique, Gild. Lor. 67 . in popul imme di cech l.¤ , PH 761 . dá cech leith, 7063 . do gach leith ┐ da gach thaib dib, TTebe 2225 . sneachta seacht traigthe ar gach leath uadha, SG 34.16 . táir dá gach leith ina lenmhain, IGT Decl. ex. 1158 . ar gach leath, L. Cl. A. B. 112.43 . do gach leith do na laochaib sin, ML² 1860 . do cach lethe, Grail 2004 . for cech l.¤ de, 2480 . da gach aen leithe de na timceall, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.27 (leth, v.l.). go ttuccadar gealladh air gach leith mutually, Dhá Sgéal Art. 152. Note also: for cechtar in da leithe `on either side' (of a stream), Laws iv 144.11 . comtar crólinnecha curaid di chechtar na da leithi, LL 224b27 ( TTr. 548 ).

(d) With cid (later cía) where, whither : inchoiscsiu damsa ceth l.¤ atā Emain show me the way to, TBC-I¹ 376 = ced l.¤ , LU 4865 = cía let[h], TBC St. 782 . cia leath reghma? Anecd. i 2.9 ( SCano 25 ). ni fhetar cia l.¤ do-rechaind, acht tucas m'aiged siar I knew not where to go, PH 500 . cia l.¤ their Adam uait?, MacCarthy 52.8 . cia leith ro cuaidh in clu mor-sin? what has become of? CCath. 4546 . cia l.¤ so, a dorman? whither away? Fing. R. 90 . cid l.¤ na mochærgi? why are you up so early? RC xiv 400 § 4.

(e) In phr. do díb le(i)th(a)ib on both sides, mutually : diblethaib .i. cechtar a da leithe, O'Curry 965 ( H 3.18, 415 ). ra theigsetar na slúaig immi-sium do dib lethib, LL 175a42 ( CRR 26 ). ro ferad cath . . . do dib lethib eturro, Ann. Conn. 1256.6 . ro naidmset a ccodach ┐ a ccaradradh do dib leitibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 232.12 . dībh leithibh, Celtica iv 70.209 (l.¤ ┐̇ tib, MS.).

(f) With na(ch) in any direction, anywhere : imned dom na lled dochood wherever I went, Wb. 17d7 . nochon occobrad-si co ndigseth nách l.¤ cen heisium immaróen fríe would go nowhere without him, Trip.² 151 . na digsitís nách leth o Ierusalem, PH 5408.

(g) With óen-: F. . . . ┐ L. for ōenl.¤, M. ┐ D. forsan l.¤ n-aill on the one hand . . . on the other, Rawl. 149a35 . a h-ocht Ailgenan na n-each / co ndeachaid d'eg ar enleath together, BB 61b31 . a óga tigidh d'einleath, Duan. F. ii 68 § 11 . cuirfiter d'éinleith will be put aside, RC xxviii 318 § 30. do rug ar n-omhain d'aoinleith dispelled our fear, DDána 18a.5 .

IV With prepositions (many uses with prepp. are exemplified also under III).

(a) With A: a lleith posessoris by virtue of being possessor, Sg. 198a18 . a lleith atraib gl. extrinsecus, in the matter of possession, 198b1 . a lleith indí atreba, 200b11 . a lleith aittrebthado gl. intrinsecus, 204a1 . biat-sa as do l.¤ I will be at thy side, Alex. 93 . ac urchuitmhe assa leith making excuses on his own behalf, Anecd. ii 68.4 . See also under i l.¤ fri.

(b) With AR (in later lang.): tug fiodh ar leith do lighe made the tree to bend to one side (one of the marks of an auspicious reign), L. Cl. A. B. 224.127 . rachadsa ar do leith `I shall side with thee', Duan. F. ii 244 § 16 . techt ar a leith féin to side with him, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 40.10 . ar mbeith d'Eireamhón ón fhior / ar leith gléimheadhón Gaoidheal `when E. had parted from him amid the Gaels(?), Studies 1920, 98 § 5 . níor luigh ar leith a mháthar did not depend on(?) (of Cú Chulainn), DDána 96.29 (`encroached not on his mother's land', Ir. Monthly 1927, 437 ).

(c) With DO (in some cases perh. DI): do leith dano dó a óenur frisna tri cóectu mac on one side, LU 4914 = TBC-I¹ 429 . ni-s-téged nech do muintir G. secci do leith, do na tabrad sceim némnig to one side(?), PH 7212 . co mba hecin di usce na Temrach da tharraing do l.¤ ┐ cach cumal ar uair 'na haghaidh (i.e. she always carried one side while the others took turns on the other), RC xxiv 190.8 . in Mangartach . . . do leith de ┐ Sliab Cruadha . . . don taob eile, ML² 320 . gach meacain gach lus don leatsoin there, Hackett xlii 59 .

Usually as prep. phrase with follg. gen. In concrete sense in the direction of, towards : iarsin tictís, gním cen chleith, / ind ríg dia leith ó thír thoich to him (`on account of him'), Metr. Dinds. ii 24.74 . do leith na hairde thuaidh facing the north (of a tent), 3 C 19, 51 vb15 . nac[h] racainn do leith mo aigte I would not go forward, TBC St. 1592 . líne do leith a aighthe / do chathaoiribh cumhdaighthe opposite, DDána 85.42 . do leith a aighthe in front of him, CF² 1036 . do leith a ccúil . . . do leith a ndrumann, AFM iii 320.9 , 11 . Of the seat of a disease: go mbi nescoid isna hairnibh uair ann do leith in droma ┐ uair eile do leith a sreabhonn . . . ┐ uair do leith a gcabhán, 3 C 19, 201 rb26 - 28 . Of time: doleith na haidhche towards night, 3 C 19, 73 va 24 . do bi dias do Gaidilaib ann sin do l.¤ in Chimsogaig on C.'s side, Ann. Conn. 1281.4 .

past, by (here DI(?)): romgab do leith losinan the fox avoided, slunk by me, ZCP i 459. 11 . amail sinchān do leith ǣgaire, MacCongl. 85.2 (`approaching a shepherd'). Fig. na hinghena . . . nobitis ic amran ┐ hic duchunn no geibed do leith doib dano imradagh anma Hectoir used to avoid(?), LL 405a19 ( TTr.² 1086 ).

In more abstr. senses. With respect to, as regards, according to: is do leith genelaig fer nGréc doib, Dinds. 128. ? tiucfaidh in cétmuinnter fo coruib ┐ cidh adhaltrach hí ticfaidh a fear .i. do leth in oirechta comtibach, O'D. 2077 ( Rawl. 487, 58 ). a chlú do leith eolasa ┐ eagna, Keat. ii 204 . do leith a athar ┐ a mháthar `both on his father's and mother's side', O'D. 4896 . a n-éagmais a hárdchéme onóra do leith a glúine geinealach `in respect of', Párl. na mB. 3570 . in ratione cibi .i. do leith an bhídh, 23 K 42, 307.15 . do l.¤ dileghtha an adbuir, RC xlix 8.4 . More specifically because of, from, on account of: do leith G. because you are related to G., Irish Texts ii 44 § 35 . do leith ubhaill a fhachain, DDána 10.6 (`an apple caused it,' Ir. Monthly 1929, 211 ). do leith a nemdilegtha pour cause de l'indigestion, O'Gr. Cat. 217.7. na neithi . . . disgaoileas do leith a teasa because of their heat, 3 C 19, 49 ra27 . do l.¤ an fuail from, by means of (in diagnosis), 23 K 42, 151.17 .

(d) With FO separately, severally, individually : cách fo leith gl. singuli, Wb. 5d3 . ní [i]mmalle acht is cach æ fo leith, 17d2 . cechtar nái fo leith, Sg. 63a15 . mórfeser a dám inna thúaith, cóicer fo leith when engaged on his private concerns (as an individual), Críth G. 379 ( fo le[i]th(e), 428 ). ainmnigestár cach fer fó leith cona anmaim diles fein, LU 1811 . ar cach n-ái fo leith díb, TBC-LL¹ 2726 . cech macc fo leth dia maccaib, PH 6613 . sláinte anma is cabhair chuirp / atáid fa leith na labhuirt, Arch. Hib. i 99 § xi . ima leith alternately, Laws iv 372.21 Comm . ┐ mar sin ar na peacadhuibh eile fó leith, Mac Aingil 2061 . an biobla ma leith, .i. leis fein amhain, gan ghluais, etc., Luc. Fid. 4592 . Somet. with FOR in this sense: don oenfer for leith `for one man only', Mon. Tall. 156.28 . oc ainmniugud a ball for leith, PH 7326 . gach pearsa ar leith 'n-a Dhia dhíbh, DDána 25.6 .

(e) With FOR (AR) aside, apart : tēit leo for l.¤ aside, Sc.M² 4 . co-rrala a cholaind for l.¤, ┐ corro-an a chenn i fertais in charpait to one side, 19 (leith, R.) luid īarum for l.¤ a óinur `aside', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 5 . ro bae-side . . . ina throscud i Sliab Sína ar leith `apart', Celtica iv 28.381 . in ticfa ar l.¤ do immacallaim frimsa?, ZCP ii 135 § 9 . gādatar mnā Connacht do Conchobur tuidecht for leith, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 5 . atat acum sund for leith / curaid ri cath . . . (: creich), TBC-LL¹ 516 . ruc leis for l.¤ da mac Z., PH 3024 . tucait aes dána Ulad ar l.¤ , RC xiv 430 § 56 . ar leith gá fhad fhuileongas? `how long will he suffer the affliction of being far away?', Aithd. D. 8.19 . ar leith [ó] dheachmhaidh Dhé `exempt from', PBocht 7.25 . ar leith atám ó theasda laid aside, Studies 1924, 87 § 15 . ar leth nó i ccoitchinne in particular or in common, RSClára 117b . ? in slicht socinelach geinfes for leith on ridiri ┐ on maigdin sin, Grail 2669 . In this sense somet. with FO: ód thriall fó leith, Oss. vi 54.19 . doimthigh a nimh . . . as fo leith, Ériu v 88.34 . ? With TAR: no gur cuir in rig dar l.¤ mathair a cloindi put aside(?), YBL 317b24 (cf. Aided M. Gloss.).

(f) In quasi-adjectival use with both FO and FOR apart, separate, different, special : gnáe far l.¤ gl. separatim, Sg. 73b1 . syllab fo leith, 165b2 . co ndergensat rainn fo leith di gl. separauerunt ab aliis partibus, 187b6 . 188a22 . 188b5 . 212a6 . Of a particular kind of assembly: cis lir cenēla airechta dochusin la Fēne? . . . A cōic: cūlairecht ┐ taebairecht ┐ airecht uirdnidhe ┐ airecht fo l.¤ et airecht fodesin, ZCP xii 359.14 . airecht fo l.¤, is a suidhi bīt nadmand ┐ ratha (sic MS.) ┐ fiadain, 360.1 . torinolta i tech for leith, Trip.² 228. biaid pian for leith er son cech peccaid air, PH 7617 . gabsatt . . . ferann fo l.¤ , BColm. 8.3 . atá i n-airicul fo leith, LU 3374 ( SCC 16 ). rogairm Cond . . . ar fót fo leith `called C. aside', Ériu iii 160.y . trí lá is tri aidche ba leith / bámmar uile i tig Cachir, RC vii 292.53 . dath fo l.¤ a eduigh cach lae, Laws ii 148.6 Comm . cás ar leith an Lúan `Doomsday, supreme danger', PBocht 5.47 . rann ar leith ni dliged dam, Irish Texts ii 41 § 9 . seómra ar l.¤ , RSClára f. 111b . pian ar leith ar an intinn, ┐ pian fá leith ar an gcorp, TSh. 6495 - 6 .

(g) In phr. le(i)th for (ar) le(i)th on both sides, respectively, both of them (usually of two persons or groups): ra fornaidmit na glinni sin leith for l.¤ , MU² 106 . co mbaí . . . nónbur ra hulibásaib eturru l.¤ for l.¤ , 118 . rointer Eri l.¤ ar l.¤ `share and share', Metr. Dinds. iii 358.35 . in cath rolád, l.¤ for l.¤ , iv 250.65 . ro tuit . . . in cath l.¤ ar leith, CCath. 2217 . M. . . . ┐ F. / fríoth a n-árach leath ar leath, DDána 64.25 . táinig a ré leath ar leath / sgol Uladh, éigse Laighneach, 115.2 . forna cathaibh leath ar leath, CF² 1195 . go rangattar . . . da nionaduibh féin l.¤ ar l.¤ respectively, BNnÉ 201.33 . a gcoingheall leath ar leath (aequa utriusque conditio), TSh. 3871. More generally: an tuile dhámh, leath ar leath the throng of companies, side by side, Ériu v 56.67 . an cúiger druadh, leath ar leth `the five wizards, side by side', iv 222 § 38 . In follg. rather in turn, one after the other : fuaradh na mball leath ar leath, DDána 27.6 . ughdair Ghaoidheal leath ar leath, O'R. Poems 1473 . fágbhuim-si fós, leath ar leath / beannacht uaim ag gach aoinneach, Celtica iv 119 § 30 . Note also: as mar sin an cethramadh cric as mesarda ┐ is ferr acu l.¤ ar l.¤ `all things considered', Ir. Astr. Tr. 140.x . Other constructions: di leith for l.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1685 . do leith for leith, MR 222.z . do leith fo leith, 240.24 . leath um leith, PBocht 18.17 . do leith dar l.¤ , TTebe 3122 .

(h) With I in such a wide and subtle variety of meanings as hardly to be amenable to classification. That given here must be regarded as arbitrary, and the ascription of an example to one category or another is in many cases very doubtful.

In physical sense beside, in the direction of, towards : co cualatar guth mbec ina hingini hi leith in tigi, Irish Texts i 2.18 (cf. Bethu Brigte 38) . rothicfa it' lethe-su will come to thee, Imr. Brain 49 (`to thy parts'; `to your country', Murphy Lyrics). Laighnigh i leith do dhroma behind you, DDána 101.53 . i leith leaptha red lennán, BS 46.4 . With follg. DO: a leith don chaislēn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 26.24 . a leith da druim from behind, TTebe 1016 . Cf. forsin marcsluag do bi l.¤ da ndruim behind them, Ann. Conn. 1247.7 . = a leith a ndroma, ALC i 376.18 .

Of kinship, family connection: hua-som Codiáir moir . . . i ll.¤ o mathair on the mother's side, LU 1136 ( ACC § 121 Comm. ). dáermacne . . . a lleth o mathrechaib, TBC-LL¹ 1739. ar ni boi astig nech bad glica a l.¤ o mnaib `weil im Hause auf Seiten der Frauen keine Klügere war', ZCP xiii 270.6 . comdais meic do Mac-Con na trī Fothaid gē beit i leith Sīl Fergusa, Corp. Gen. 263 . sil a leith ciníl do chríadh, Irish Texts ii 35 § 31 . leanfa D. . . . i leith athar rian na Róisteach, Ó Bruad. i 110.3 . ? enmac do fhácuib do chloinn / ina leith do Tuathaib Temra, Irish Texts ii 23 § 12.

téit i l.¤ joins forces with: resorts to, places one's trust in, seeks refuge in: ós éigin dóibh dola id leith `they will surely join thee', Aithd. D. 24.18 . a luas . . . / do-chuas i leith láimhe libh `the speed with which men flocked to thee', 77.22 . dol na l.¤ dí ní digha, Irish Texts ii 57 § 4. Cf. dochóidh . . . / Muire i leith mh'oige d'fhighe `Mary . . . has set about weaving my nature', PBocht 12.28 . leabhair Chaisil is chláir Macha / nír mheiste dhóibh dol 'na leith, L. Cl. A. B. 237.10 . dola a leith na leabhar linn, KMMisc. 174 § 29 . cách i leith a deisi ag dul resorting to force (?), L. Cl. A. B. 193.92 . mar thug láimh fá chreich na Cásg / a leith a grásd do-cháidh Crísd, IGT Decl. ex. 1001 ( DDána 38.6 ). ní a leith a chémend do-chúaidh / an Múaid ag breith lémend lúidh was not content to proceed at its normal pace(?), IGT ex. 1256 .

fo-ceird (cuirid) i leith assigns to, ascribes to: curther a n-ugturas hi lleith Duid a oenur, Hib. Min. 128 (of Psalms). is e Ferceirtni cuires in irad so i ll.¤ na n-ugdar ┐ ite na hugdar (sic) i cuirter l.¤ , BB 299b36 - 7 . ferta . . . meic Dé do chur i lleth Belzebúb to give B. the credit for, PH 6436 . is e fath ara cuirther primhdhacht i lleith na tri mberla sin `superiority is claimed on behalf of', Auraic. 162. Cf. ilmuine mic Dé nacha cuiridhsi i far leth feisin `which claim not ye for yourselves', Laws i 22.22 Comm . Also charges with, lays to the account of, attributes to: is lib-si fessin . . . in chair doralais inar leth-ni, Alex. 946 . Críoch Chonnacht a ndúthchas féin/ na leith ní cuirthe mar chéim `is not to be brought as a charge against them', Content. vi 91 . ar n-éara 'n-a leith na léigidh `let not my rejection ever be brought (as a proof of carelessness) against Thy work', Aithd. D. 77.17 . cuir 'n-a leith do chosg do chean / an rosg do bheith ag briseadh, DDána 27.4 . dá gcuirthear uabhar i leith fir aca, TSh. 9368. Cf. ar an máthair atá id leith `thy supposed mother', Keat. ii 6353.

In phrases with other trans. verbs in sense of committing, entrusting to: nít erpi i lled nach áili `with any one else', Wb. 1d10 . lecam ar ráma úan isa muir ┐ foncerddam i ll.¤ ar Tigernai `let us cast ourselves upon our Lord', Ériu xi 137.8 . cuir hobair a leith an Tighearna `commit thy works unto', Proverbs xvi 3 . lecsiu immurgo i ldeth nDe mess for a menmain-som `leave it . . . to God', Mon. Tall. 148.11 . do ré[i]r is ad l.¤ legmuid, Ériu iv 224 § 48 . caingne in tsenaidh . . . do lecon i lleith na ndea `to trust to the gods', CCath. 4549. ar ndíon 'n-a leith ná leigeadh (of Christ's wounds), DDána 48.8 . cipe leces a furtacht ┐ a cobhair i lleith in Coimdedh, ZCP iv 390.13 .

With vb. to be expressed or understood relying on, engaged in etc.: arn-iumramh a leith Dé under God's protection, KMMisc. 322 § 5 . bím i leith guidhe do ghrás `I trust in imploring Thy grace', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvii 1 . bíom 'na leith i ló an bhrátha / dom dhíon ar eagla an ursgátha, DDána 12.14 . i leith fhaghla ós eadh atá bent on(?), 106.4 . láeich a leith a farchadh `handling their mauls', Studies 1920, 417.20 . Here also perh. gé tú inníu i lleith eiseine (? leg. eisléine), Anecd. ii 22 § 9. Cf. i lleith leinne, LL 18172.

On the side of, along with, in support of: hóre attá innar leid cia conicc ní dúun gl. pro nobis, Wb. 4b11 . robu ferr leu buith hi leith Duaid on David's side (in battle), Ml. 87c4 . robbet inna lobrān leith / ria ndul i ṅgnūis spirta nóib `may they be on the side of her weaklings', Thes. ii 348.5 ( Hy. v 90 ). bīd 'na leith used to be with him, ACL iii 307 § 27 . ? uair is ina leath itá (`since it concerns them(?)'), Leb. Cert.² 260 . ar tí airm do chur ar a chois arís a leith an rí in support of, Rel. Celt. ii 202.29 . sé 'n-a leath acht go léigdís had they allowed Him to help them (the two thieves), Dán Dé xx 25 . Perh. also: fágthar misi a leath a bhfuil sa bhfaithedh let me be left to take charge of all [the foes] who are on the field, 23 I 1, 66.18 . an banntigerna bís orra . . . a l.¤ a lámh bítt na mná so [do]gres `are always obedient to her', Maund. 135.

With respect to, concerning, in the case of: dogniat . . . guchoibsenae do thuildiud indaldeth fadesin do tormuch pende foraib `make false confessions about themselves', Mon. Tall. 153.1 . a cion i leith an leanaibh her crime as regards the child, A. Ó Dálaigh li 21 . cenn Muman i lleith o clercibh `as regards its clerics', CS 1008. Perh. also: mar dhaingean i leith a láimhe `to strengthen his hand', PBocht 1.41 . tlás a l.¤ lamh, Irish Texts ii 31 § 3 . a leth laithe `according to the day', Leb. Gab.(i) 240.y .

Various: in mil . . . do rinne in foguil; is a dul ina leth `it (the beast on which the lot falls) goes for its crime', Laws ii 6.30 Comm . in gell do tuitim i lleth in ti tucustur he `the hostage surety falls upon the person', 136.21 Comm . i leith fheirge is eadh a-tá / nach deirge an cneadh an chéad-lá `owing to his wrath', Dán Dé xxviii 7 . a dtéid duid do na deich genoibh / tuig soin san leith ina libh `think of thy share in the ten nuts only in the aspect in which it is thine', PBocht 7.27 .

(i) In phr. i le(i)th fri, in O. Ir. glosses a ll.¤ fri, where a is a s. neut. of article, cf. later l.¤ re without prep. (below).

In the direction of, towards : a nem hitat aingil i n-uachtar ┐ firmimint a ll.¤ frinnai ille `on the side towards us', Ml. 42b10 . i lleth friusom opposite them, LU 1987 ( FA 5 ). i leith risin muir moir, CCath. 1942 . ni dechaid A. isna crichaib borétaib i ll.¤ fri téchtmuir, Alex. 437 . i nilar comperta i lleith re mnaibh ilarda with, BCrólige 57 gl. 7 . Cf. cidh il-leth in tigi fris even in the other side of the house, Lism. L. 1483. Similarly l.¤ fri: isin rann tuaidh do na Deisibh l.¤ le hEoghanact, ITS xvi 56.4 . leath re Hierusalem towards J., Isaiah vii 1 . Of time: hi l.¤ fri aidchi towards nightfall, RC xxii 394.8 .

More freq. as regards, with respect to, in the matter of, touching : a lled fri Abracham `as regards A.', Wb. 2c3 . a lled friss fadesin, 6c18 . a lled fri spirut gl. spiritaliter examinatur, 8b16 . a lleth frissan ingraim gl. quantum ad praesentem causam pertinet, Études Celt. xl 59 ( Ml. 30b2 ). cidh is fis, ┐ cidh is anfis . . . a leith reisin comairce?, Laws iv 228.15 . i ll.¤ fri do[i]nib . . . i ll.¤ fri Dia, Rawl. 75a47 . i leith re claidem when it comes to a sword, SG 248.17 . ro taiselbad he i leith risin fer `it was ascribed to', Laws i 34.10 Comm . is uasal i lleith re tabuirt `when considered as a gift', v 214.17 Comm . cinntech i l.¤ fri Dia, PH 6218 . i lleith ra hiris Críst, Anecd. iii 64.22 . ní measa fian Chaisil Chuirc / i leith re déanamh gach uilc, Content. ii 3 . ar gheallsad sliocht Éibhir Ḟinn / do chomhaillsead i leith rinn `in our regard,' vi 101 . a leith re hóglách m'aosú for a youth of my age, BS 44.8 . ba mór an techt (écht) hisin i l.¤ re mac taoísigh, AFM iii 648.14 . In BCC and Beatha S.F. often l.¤ re without prec. prep.: leith riu as regards them, BCC 18.13 (§ 33) . l.¤ re Día, 90.4 (§ 94) . leith re haibíd, Beatha S. F. 1397 . leith re sbioraid, 683 . In some contexts with more specific meaning of because of, by reason of, by, through : is ed fodera in comrorcu sin dam i ll.¤ frit-sa `owing to thee', MacCongl. 57.7 . a leith ré huathbhás with awe, Ó Héodhusa 66.z . l.¤ re do glicus fein `according to', Celtica ii 62.22 . do leag Dia a lámh air leith re heasláinte righinn do chur ar a chorp. Beatha S. F. 154 . In follg. perh. against : i dteach nDé do ria an ríoghan / Dia lé i leath ris an saoghal, DDána 99.38 (`against the world', Ir. Monthly 1919, 227 ). guais a lonn-ḟuighle i leith ribh, Content. vii 8. But: tiucfaid Laighin a leith ribh / beith at aighidh ni heidir on your side, Irish Texts ii 98 § 15 . Other exx. with follg. FRI: leath re Fodla fuil Uidhir / Fodla ni fuil 'na aghaidh `auf Fodlas Seite ist Odars Blut', ZCP ii 331.29 . gan neach d'Eirinn 'na aghuidh / is l.¤ re Heirind Ulaigh `sind auf Erins Seite die Ulaten', 332.1 . si-se leath re Lámhach, DDána 98.38 . ní bhiadh . . . / leath ag Dia ris na daoinibh `God would not have come among men', Aithd. D. 98.5 . For Mod. Ir. maidir le, mar le (mad i l.¤ fri) see O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 14.

(j) In phrases replacing earlier ille, immalle: o sin i leith, Anecd. ii 3.8 (= i lle, Airne F. 77 ). ón ló sin i lleath, Dhá Sgéal Art. 1180 . o shin a leath, Smaointe B. Chr. 169. a hAlbain a leith, AFM iii 366.z . Cf. toit cuccum-sa i lletsa `on this side', CCath. 2982 . `rosc' tuigsin gach neich ma le, Metr. Gl. 11 § 10 (maleith, LL).

B In meaning half .

I

(a) a half, the half (of): ni roisset á l.¤-adi gl. mediam aetatem, Ml. 74a11 . ni arindí bed l.¤ ṅgotho no bed indib (ref. to semiuocales), Sg. 5a4 . a ll.¤ o laim deiss gl. dexteram . . . partem, 17b2 . dephtoros dodichsed inna leith chomsuidigthi `would enter as half of the compound', 18a4 . l.¤ ind orpi-so `half of this heritage', Thes. ii 239.16 ( Ardm. 17b ). a lleith n-aill, AU 747 . a leath na cille, 836 . isindara l.¤ in lestair ┐ in l.¤ n-aill dō-sum, Corm. Y 1059 (p. 92.6) . o leuth lathi, SR 8041 . l.¤ fer nAlban, Anecd. i 1.2 ( SCano 3 ). l.¤ nó trían do chruth, TBFr. 224 . l.¤ na haidche, Fing. R. 791. i leith laoi at midday, DDána 42.3 . l.¤ ruith ┐ l.¤ gabra `riders in chariots and riders on horses' (notes), BDD² 460 . ní rabi la Ultu láth gaile rosassad l.¤ méite fair, LU 9184 ( FB 91 ). co n-acca ara chind in fer ┐ l.¤ a chind fair ┐ l.¤ fir aile fora muin, LU 4933 ( TBC-I¹ 448 ). dagénsa dá leth de (a warrior), LU 5306 ( TBC-I¹ 829 ). leca lógmara . . . ┐ a llethe úachtarcha ina lócharnaib, LU 2055 ( FA 13 ). trían nó l.¤ a ḟeraind, Imr. Brain 46.13 . mo trín is luga lethi, LL 11031 ( TBC-LL¹ 4198 ). mo trian is luga lethe, TBC St. 3501 . secib ni foghailther a ndiph randaip raiter in dara rand co rab l.¤ cin cob cudruma, Auraic. 2925 . comortus andso se fer 'na leit[h] secha so híos `in the half below' (scribal note), TTebe xvii 26 . ro-scoilt bend-chapur in tempuil in ṅdíb lethib, PH 2896 . i ngach leith don ló `every hour of the day' ( Ir. Monthly 1927, 551 ), DDána 106.4 . gé atá a leath do Cinedh Conuill although half of it belongs to, Irish Texts ii 42 § 16 . do gheibhinn-si . . . / . . . / t'uille ┐ leath do leabtha, TD 14.17 . ní as lía iná l.¤ na nguth (of votes), RSClára 98a . gur thuit in cath-milid C. ina lethib leadairthi, MR 270.16 . do gerr conuige a l.¤ é `clave him to his middle', Fier. 225 . úachtarán leithe Ierusalem, Nehemiah iii 9. ? am luidset co leth lenna, feimidset imram nach leth `when they had got half way across', Dinds. 5.

(b) In legal contexts: lóg leith ungæ di muccib `half an ounce in pigs', Thes. ii 239.19 (Ardm.). trichait l.¤ n-unga n-argait, SR 3152 . na coic leithe unga, RC x 94.2 . l.¤ .uii. cumal a smacht cana, Ir. Recht 37.16 . coraigecht aenmna re bliadain dam . . . ┐ l.¤ feissi dogrés `half-conjugal society', Acall. 4955 (SG). trian n-urgnama, a l.¤ do mnai do gni half of it (milk) to the woman who does the work, Laws ii 364.23 . l.¤ do fir fodngaib, l.¤ n-aill do faithchi hi fogabar, iv 184.18 (of swarming bees). l.¤ méich tharai a half measure of kiln-dried wheat, Críth G. 111 . l.¤ n-arathair a half share in a plough, 158 . díre a béla colpda(i)ch; a l.¤ dia ḟidbu, etc., 247 . secht fuile cena dia mbeir liaig l.¤ half-fee, Laws v 362.15 . let leithi in trin one-half of one-half, ii 366.2 Comm .

(c) Of territorial divisions: cu ru raind Hérinn dar dó ┐ co tuc in l.¤ ro boí sís d'Hérind do Thúaith Dé Danann et in l.¤ aile do Maccaib Míled, MU² 5 , 6 . leath / indsi móiri Mac Mílead, Leb. Cert.² 263 . rannfa meise . . . / i ndíbh leithibh críoch fhuar Éireann, DDána 111.8 . Domnall mac dā leithi (.i. al-l.¤ tes ┐ tūaid dind Érinn), ZCP xii 236 § 56 , cf. in fíal Fer dá lethe, Fél. Dec. 4 . On the traditional division of Ireland into L. Cuinn and L. Moga see O'Rahilly, EIHM 191 - 2 . Lex aui Suanaich for Leith Cuinn, AU 748 . ruc leth na muici cona druim ó Leith Cuinn, Sc.M² 18 R . Mug Nuadat a quo leth Moga N., Rawl. 147b19 . tairct[h]er leth Érenn uait-si do C[h]onn, ML² 904. Note further: roiniudh for Gallu Locha Cuan re Leith Cathail, AU 943 . leath Branuigh `O' Byrne's half', LBranach 67 . G. . . . ri lethi iarthuraigi Ceneoil Aeda, Ann. Conn. 1224.6 . dala immorro na lethe thess do Chonnachtaib, 1225.14 .

(d) In phr. l.¤ catha, l.¤ gliad (fitting) opponent in battle, adversary: l.¤ catha, TBC-I¹ 3289 (of Celtchar) = TBC-LL¹ 5394. bud leór l.¤ catha do ḟeraib hÉrend siat ac cosnam a tigerna, 5708 . l.¤ gliad, TBC-I¹ 3252 (Rochaid) = TBC-LL¹ 5315. Hence without accompanying gen: is suaill nach leath doib Domnall all but a match for them, Prolegomena 44 § 18 . do budh leath dáibh uile í `she would equal them all', PBocht 9.17 . cath do thabhairt dóibh, gion go bhfuilmíd leath nó trian riú, CRR² 26.

(e) Attrib. g s.: eisinnraic leithi `half unworthy', Laws i 116.3 Comm . a gilla glomhuir amuil a amhus lethe (some kind of a servant), ii 26.5 Comm . roinn leithe ar anbhuain Eirenn a bisection, O'Gr. Cat. 464.12 . do gheall tú roinn leatha dhamh ann do thír, Dhá Sgéal Art. 800.

(f) In vaguer sense part, division : cechtar in da leithe sin `each of those two parts', gl. in duas partes diuidere (of the word uires), Sg. 25b6 . is Persa bar leath share(?), Alex. 191. in leath budh mō da rīge, Ériu iv 178 § 32.

In phrases.

II

(a) In phr. co le(i)th and a half : noichtiche co lleuth 29½ days, BCr. 3c ( Thes. ii 10.5 ). sith mbliadhna co l.¤ , AU 1128 (ii 120.12) . fri ré bliadna co lleith, LU 1279 (H). dí ungi co leith, RC x 62.1 . tri huairi dec co ll.¤ , MacCarthy 46.3 . bliadhain go leith, TD 32.40 . míle go leith, Keat. Poems 1345. Meaning doubtful in: dia tí íasc i n-inbera rot bía hé[u] co lleith araile. Dia tí iall a mmag rot bía caúth co lleith araile, LU 5646 ( TBC-I¹ 1168 ) = co leth arale . . . colleith arailiu, ZCP ix 148 - 9 = dia foígela énflaith . . .co lleith alailiu . . . Día tomna . . . iasc . . . co leith arailiu, LU 5526 = co leith allaile . . . co lleth arailiu, TBC-I¹ 1043 = colleith alailiu . . . colleth alailiu, ZCP ix 145.38 . See TBC-LL¹ 1830 ff ., where Windisch's literal translation (see n. 0 ) with the other half (which makes up the pair) does not seem possible; araile, -iu, etc. may have belonged originally to the beginning of the next sentence (see Fasc. A 119.11 ff ), and hé[u] co l.¤ may be a hyperbole.

(b) In phr. for (ar) le(i)th: fer for l.¤ Connacht `more than half the Connaughtmen', Cóir Anm. 251 . gur cosain . . . treab ar l.¤ Alpan dó, IT, ii2 123.32 . ceall ar l.¤ ceall `one more than half of the churches', RC xiv 30 § 8 . duine ar leith fer nErenn, SG 20.36 . triar for leith a sluag foracbaiset half their army plus three, RC vi 188.13 .

Compds.

In meaning A.

(a) Perh. in sense of -sided in: lethchil .i. lethchlāen, Corm. Y 318 . gruaidh leathchorcra ar lí na subh, L. Cl. A. B. 193.90 . drech lethderg lethgabur (description of Conall Cernach), LU 8636 ( FB 47 ). do Meidbh Lethdeirg, ZCP xi 42 § 28 . do thaeb lethḟas bare, Mart. Tall. 112.1 . druim na leirge leathfholamh, Aithd. D. 20.26 . it é lethgabra amal Conall Cernach, BDD² 1150 , taken in BDD and by Vendryes, Études Celt. iv 397 as subst. ` centaur ', cf. lethghabar .i. lethech, H 3.18, 532.14 ; but cf. gabar .i. solus, Lec. Gl. 536 and see 2 gabor. as aigi-siomh fil in drec[h] lethgabar (of Genonn Gruadṡolus), TBC St. 4500. ag goradh a ghruaidh leithghil, L. Cl. A. B. 90.78 . Luoch Lethglass . . . lethglass e o talmain go mullach a cinn green-sided(?), RC xii 100 § 136. ? Dun da Lethglas, IT iii 40 § 34 (see Hog. Onom.). senchas lethmáel `pointless', Metr. Dinds. iv 24.24 . sluagh lethodar, Leb. Cert. 4.16 . ? bloscad inna gréne frisinna margánu lethrati, ZCP viii 175.24 . cuing leth-remor 'na leth-leirg `broad-flanked', Metr. Dinds. ii 46.10 .

(b) More partic. ¤ard etc. lit. (high) at one side, hence uneven, unequal: measam laidi (leg. lige) lethard lopsided, ZCP xvii 69 § 9 = ACL iii 230.155 . Usually in more abstr. sense unequal, unfair , etc.: claen cach lethard, O'Curry 351 ( H 3.18, 193b ). dire l., BCrólige 5 . tacra la leath-ard n-ae `to plead in support of an unequal cause', Laws v 252.11 . In Laws Comm. freq. lethairde: fo comairdi no fo leithairde `equally or unequally', iii 270.7 . comhroinnter eturru fein fo lethairde unequally, iv 254.11 Comm . ba lethard cundartha / ba tomus lettromm `an unequal contract, uneven measure', MacCongl. 73.29 - 30 . cid lethard a ngrād, BColm. 34.1 . im lethard rainne unfair division(?), ZCP xii 365.2 . ba lethfota a lám one of his arms was longer than the other, iii 218 § 24 . adhaigh is lá go leathfhada `of unequal length', Aithd. D. 61.20 . nī bu leithísel in mám down at one side, Hy. v 56. Hence with certain adjj. of defective rhymes: coic fodhla arē ccuibdes oll: / leathfoda, leathtend, leathtrom, / bruilingicht, nī bec in col, / let[h]garbh gin a lesugud, ZCP xii 295 § 6. See lettrom etc.

(c) Hence with nouns meaning judgement, opinion, contract etc. onesided, partial, prejudiced: ar n-aonbhrath breithimh-ne san Luan ní bu leathaighne partial advocate, Aithd. D. 55.7 . leathbháidh fil agat re hÓ F., Maguires of F. 18 . can lethbreath iter saidbir ┐ daidbir impartial, YBL 167b39 . ar in lethbreth ruc A. imon ubull orda, Aen. 211 . leith-bhreath le báidh ní bhéara Ó Fearadhaigh, DDána 109.20 . leithbr[ia]thar accusation(?), Acall. 7995. masa lethbrostu . . . no masa combrostu setting-on on one side (of dogs fighting), Laws iii 196.1 Comm . cia lethcoimpert i n-airbert breithe (improper behaviour in a judge), O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ) = O'Curry 2271 ( Eg. 88, 20 ), see ZCP xv 355 . arin lethcumaid dorōine sé ara brōgaib fēin sech brōgaib na manach the partial treatment he gave to his own shoes, ZCP iii 33.6 . lethchuma ar Ghilla Dé / ní cuibe do'n té dogní `an injustice to G.D.', SG 284.5 . do leath-chumaidh ar an gcuid oile don mheithil unfairly, TSh. 10134 . lethedargaire, MR 262.23 . is fer lethetrana do chuaid etarru biassed mediator, Laws iii 196.11 Comm . in t-ochtmad aithne:— na dena leth-fhiadnaise false witness, PH 7619. leath-ghrádh oide idir dhaltaibh favouritism, Content. xiv 13 . Cf. (adj.) dá gcor i sochar leith-leasach dhóibh féin to their own advantage, TSh. 7103. ? freagra do lethluith, O'Dav. 1510 . bíd in éudach coitchenn gan lethpháirt ar bioth `partiality' (i.e. particularity), RSClára 73b . Cf. leathrannach partial, unfair, Eochairsg. 11.31 . partial (poetic) knowledge : nemṡós, lethṡós, lánṡós 'no knowledge, partial knowledge, full knowledge' Ériu xxxii 62 § 1 . ro gníd lethinacht (= lethṡmacht) mór fair injustice, LL 217a33 ( TTr. 22 ). Cf. doghnid Ioip lethsmacht aturu, D IV 2, 26rb48 = BB 4a21 = 411b26 . ni dhearnaidh leathtrom na leathsmacht, 23 E 26, 289.11 . Hence: mad fleteg ledmagtach dogneid dind æclis, Wb. 11d16 (`factions', Gwynn, Hermathena xx 63 ). aighi (aigne ?) lethsmachtach partial advocate(?), ZCP xii 364.27 . brethem beris breith for leth tagra cin imaidbi without hearing both sides(?), Laws v 354.1 . See leithscél, etc. With similar shade of meaning in adjj.: ro bátar leithriata uile fri Poimp ar tus [cein] co táinic Césair `on the side of P.', CCath. 1244 (leitreta, v.l.) is mor is lethreta in cined doenna frisiṅ dualaig-sin in ecnaig inclined to, PH 6876.

(d) Pleonastically with words meaning side, edge, border. The following examples properly belong to sense B and should be considered under (f) Ériu liii 179-80 : dar let[h]bord in longpuirt `edge', CCath. 5431 . lámh le leathbhord along the frontier, DDána 96.13 . i leithimeal Mhuidhe Dermuidhe, Flower Cat. 471.32 . fa leithimel Conmaicne, AFM vi 1882.4 . medhōn idir dhā leithimell do chonngbhāil between two extremes, Celtica i 194.1078 . Cf. frém lethimeallach an láidaigáin `the exterior radix of the little finger', O'Gr. Cat. 287.31 . nirbo fota ro bai an cath can dul do lethleth `inclining to one of the two sides', CCath. 5742 . do leith-leith na sligedh `on each side of the road', Fl. Earls 162.4 . leithreadh .i. leithleith. robdar leithreadha .i. dochuadar do leithleith, no dén táobh, O'Cl. `leath-luighe leaning', Eg. Gl. 421. See lettáeb, etc.

In meaning B.

(a) In a variety of compds. in meaning half: fer lethbali, MU² 195 (`half-township', Gloss.). bith for lethbargin `a half-ration of bread', Ériu vii 162.z . ? midben .i. lethben nó lethuagh fobīth in toraind bis iter indalæ ben de, O'Mulc. 823 . samaisc i llethbeirt half a bundle, Críth G. 213. ailid cach ben . . . lethbiathad a ceile di `half the refection', BCrólige 56 . ? for lethblai baíth, LL 211a7 (see Metr. Dinds. ii 20.48 ). leth-chanóin `demi-cannon', AFM v 1732.13 . lethcoir n-urnadma `das halbe Ordnungsmässige der Antrauung', Ir. Recht 37.20 . mad lechur (= leth-chur) .i. forgiallnai, O'Curry 829 ( H 3.18, 380 ). fosuididter in ben lethdam in fir half the husband's retinue, Laws ii 386.6 . lethdei = semidei, Auraic. 2920 . lethdrécht . . . i ngort `a half-day's labour', Críth G. 84 (see note). a ndo[ro]chair . . . de lethdoinib . . . dineoch nad roacht cridiu cathae shirkers(?), RC xii 104 § 148 . Cf. co torchair fer ┐ lethfer fer nÉrenn leis, Comp. CC 109.18 , perh. a mere turn of phrase, cf. ech ┐ letheach fer nÉrenn, 11 . lethfeidm laech `half effort', Arch. Hib. ii 54 § 7 . aire forgill in lethḟira `des Halb Schwurs', Cóic Con. 38 § 52 . do leith fitt `half-ration', Mon. Tall. 156.20 . lethflaithem .i. fer da cleithe, Laws iv 350.12 . Christo tantum seruit .i. cen ledfognam coiugio without partial service coniugio , Wb. 10a24 . ? dlighidh saerbiathad deisi, ┐ boin lethgabala `a cow of the second quality', Laws iv 350.y . geni gaba acht lethgabail de, 212.z . aithgin cona lethgabail diabulta `with double half-seizure', v 168.4 Comm . a lethgabol (-ál ?) étaig do brutt `half of clothes for mantle', Ériu i 220 § 14 . ¤gáe half-length spear, short spear(?) (possibly one of a pair of spears) : i suainem in let[h]ga letartaigh, CCath. 5598 . lethgai londrecha lasamna, TTebe 1400 . do lethgāethib lethna lict[h]i `half-spears for throwing', Fianaig. 90.1 . an tres fross do lethghaibh, TFrag. 182.6 . ¤Gall Of people of the Hebrides ( Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig i 14 ): uainn do Lethghallaibh léig[idh], Celtica x 196 § 11 . abbas Leithglinne, AU 639 . in Leth-innsi, 1412 (iii 64.2) . leathloghadh (opp. to lánloghadh) `partial indulgence', Mac Aingil 6421 . ? fri tōeb in lāir leithlessi (-lisse, v.l.) `half-ruined fort', Ériu vii 2.17 . nocht-aile isin lethmachaire `half (cleared) plain', O'Dav. 963 , cf. Laws iv 72.18 Comm ; 'pastureland occasionally tilled (?)' Landscape Archaeology in Ireland 248 . leathnomen = lesainm, ZCP iii 226.13 , cf. leth-ainm fir annatha, Anecd. ii 52.6 . lethol n-ais ó cach airig, Irish Texts i 19 § 5 . fuillem cacha leth-oile, Laws v 414.1 . cét lóeg ┐ di lethorc half-grown pigs (?), LU 6930 ( BDD 54 ). for hErainn cen lethrainn undivided, SR 2351 (cf. Wortk. vi 949 ). Bicair Leth-ratha, AU 1490 (iii 346.4) . cosc sair ┐ dair ┐ lethair 'half-noble' = lethṡáer, Celtica xxiv 38 . a laim leathaer sealba, CIH i 210.25 . .i. i lethsuir na selba, 211.1 . Cf. CIH v 1861.16, 18 , vi 2020.18, 19 . tri gnuidh do lea[th]scoilteach `half-cleavings', IT iii 196.6 . ic leithṡeolad ┐ ic lánṡeolad ri lethgaethaib with shortened sail (?), LL 236a33 - 4 ( TTr. 1431 ). leith slighidh half way, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 30.24 . emisperium .i. letspeir, Ir. Astr. Tr. 88.12 . ni tairgend a hathair lethtinol le, Ir. Recht 37.22 . cutrumu leth-tochusa in fir gusa teit `half the property,' Laws v 290.6 Comm . ní fhuaras . . . / leath-tail óm chéill chorpardha `I have not found even grudging obedience', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 11 . letorud . . . asin chulid half-produce, Lism. L. 321.16 . ? tech . . . amal bid lethuaim aicenta, ZCP xvii 232.4 .

(b) With names of measures, numbers, periods of time, etc.: leathbhannlá, Párl. na mB. 558 . hi cciunn lethbliadna, RC xxvi 366.18 . tri lethcheat do feraibh Airghiall, 150 men, ZCP xiv 234.12 . fiche bairghen . . . san leithcheathramhain, L. Cl. A. B. 46.15 . adopart teora lethindli trea thír Patricio, Thes. ii 239.6 ( Ardm. 17b ). cetra lá ┐ leith-seachtmuin, Acall. 775 . tigerna na Le[th]-Trian, AU 1538 (iii 620.10) . dond lethtomus, BCr. 31b3 ( Thes. ii 14 ). fri re leth-uaire, PH 2475.

(c) With names of units of value: ledhcethramuine mir a cuidach do chuit S., Trans. RIA xv 19.23 . secht leth-cumala, O'Dav. 746 . leth-cumal i mmuin in tanaise, Laws v 400.x . leithdhéighe ar dhuine ealadhan dá ngealltar eich ┐ ba dhó, L. Cl. A. B. 45.9 . bo ag leth-loige, Laws v 402.z . ledhmharg, Trans. RIA xv 29.4 . lethmiach, O'Curry 1557 ( BB 185bb ). lethpinginn ar lacht caerach, O'Curry 345 ( H 3.18, 191 ). fere obillo dignus .i. ní ferr lethscripul, Sg. 49b10 . screpall cach eledna, no leth-screpall cach nem-eledna, Laws v 334.24 Comm . is let[h]sét inna lóg-side, Ériu xvii 70 § 10. na .v. lethuinge, BCrólige 20 gl. 5 . dorat side .xxx. leth-unga n-argaid da cind, BB 237b22 .

(d) With names of fines, penalties, fees etc.: lethaithgein moíne móges, Críth G. 273 . leth-fir testa leth-arra `half the proof of witness or half-security', Laws ii 92.8 Comm . dligid Ū Gusān cáin a deorad ┐ lethc[h]āin urrad ó ríg Midhi, BColm. 64.25 . a lethdilsi ar .iii. biaduibh co leth mbidh `half forfeiture', Laws ii 264.21 - 22 Comm . lethdire cro otrusa, BCrólige 6 . leithdíri da blāi-neimthib, Cáin Ad. 36 . letheiric otrusa cro gac fir di[a] mnai `half the penalty', BCrólige 6 gl. 4 . laneneclann don mac ina athair, letheneclann do ina senathair, Ir. Recht 40.22 . mād étged nō anfes, lethfīach ind, Cáin Ad. 35 . ioctar lethfiach anfocail ria, O'Curry 2157 ( Eg. 88, 4a ). im aradain ┐ im lethfrichnam na trebaire `half the service of the husbandry', Laws ii 392.12 Comm . leth-fuillem gill cauich (= cuaich) cach rig do chuuch cach airech, v 412.11 . lan gille ┐ lethgille, i 260.19 . na dlegat lethiarra doib `are not entitled to half fosterage-fee', 198.2 . bedidh leth lan (lethlán ?) ngell do tuit for cach, ii 136.17 . lethlóg [n-]enech cach gráid túaithe, Críth G. 217 . direanur lethriaruib beusuib cétgiallna, O'D. 510 ( H 3.17, 415 ). do-beir lethsmacht ina sarugud, Ir. Recht 37.21 .

(e) With names of phonetic and metrical features: leath-aimser for taebomnaib half-length, Auraic. 1211 . áram f la lethguthaigthi `semivowels', Sg. 6a10 . in[n]a lethguta cetus .i. f, l, m, n, r, s, x, Auraic. 2904 . leathgutta ┐ mudi, 344 . it cosmaili a ndī lethc[h]omarc half-quatrains, Corm. Y 574 , cf. O'Mulc. 391 . cati a lethc[h]omarc ?, Corm. Y 1059 (93.9) . lethcuibdius `an internal half-rhyme', Auraic. 3839 . dechnad mór ┐ lethdechnad (a metre), IT iii 6 § 5. lethmíbasc name of a metre, 49 § 89 . ni chuille luthbas lethnath (kind of poem ?), Ériu xiii 18.18 ( O'Dav. 1164 ). in lethrand hīsiu dano .i. imommloiscet mo dā n-ō prūll— caiti a lethrann ? what is its corresponding couplet ?, Corm. Y 1059 (93.20) . ina lethrann tuíseach, IT iii 7 n.3 , see p. 128 . gēb-sa lethrand dús in ba cubaid frissa ṅgēba-som, Fing. R. 119. With rannaigecht of metres with shortened line: leth-randaigecht mor corranach, IT iii 82 § 63 . cumasc leth-randaigechta moiri ┐ rindairde, § 64.

(f) With names of things existing or thought of in pairs. See also examples listed above in section (d). Of parts of the body: lethail (óil) gl. mala, Ir. Gl. 90 . i lleithóil a meic `one of her son's cheeks', Cáin Ad. 12 . flesc . . . . do erissem dia lethlaim furi ┐ lorc isind laim aili `so that their one hand may rest on it', Ml. 45c9 . a lethchoss geidh you one-legged goose (lit. one leg of a goose), IT iii 102 § 190 . for lethcois ┐ letsuil standing on one foot and with one eye closed, RC xii 98 § 129 . co tard a leathgúalainn fria hursaind in tigi, BDD² 542 . dligid in rí a leathgualainn 'the king is entitled to sit beside him', Leb. Cert.² 583 . fó a leth-oscail deis, ZCP v 526.24 . tuc buille ina lethchíg shoiscéla, SG 41.4 . mó ná both leptha a lethchlúas, Metr. Dinds. iv 138.74 . ma ro benad a lethchos, no a lethlam . . . do duine no lethbel, Laws iii 348.11 - 12 Comm . dlighid dno ri A. . . . leathlaimh rig Erend ig ol ┐ ac aenach to be beside, BB 274a4 . ┐ se baccach, leth-roisc, PH 620 . lethsciath `one of thy wings', RC xx 48.6 . ro-s-bensat a leth-shuil ṅdeiss asa chind, PH 553 . gallgha dan lán do leathdorn, DDána 84.45 . a leathára ┐ íth muice, L. Cl. A. B. 45.11 . leathuille dheas Í Dhomhnoill, TD 27.20 . ócc-laech leth-ruisc clí, BNnÉ 94.8 . stuadhus a lethghlún . . . ar bhéaluibh Ḟinn, CF 253 (Eg.) = a glun deas, text. In B. na f.: lethrend .i. lethchos: dā lú is lethrend dībh co losc, ZCP v 484 § 6. Of weapons: 'na leathgrúaidh, Duan. F. ii 224 § 7 . im chechtar a da lethdorn in chlaidib, LL 237b38 ( TTr. 1548 ). Fig. leathlámh, a Dhé, im dhál distress my portion, Aithd. D. 52.1 . ? tríocha laoch gan leathlámha, DDána 86.32 . In deriv. adjj.: misi . . . co leath-lámach, MR 308.7 . tri náimhde . . . lethṡúilecha one-eyed, Acall. 6248. Less exactly with names of other parts of the body: baluid dia lethagid in luirg, TBC-LL¹ 651 . imspelip dano .i. bīd folt cechtar na dā lethc[h]end on each side of the head, Corm. Y 1091 . bit lir . . . renda nime far leithchind ┐ far lethchloigind, BDD² 861 - 2 . lamha leoiti ┐ leithcind letarda, CCath. 3179 . dar leit[h]cenn Sleibi Ois, 4770 . tecmait da sleig inna dib leth-foltaib two tresses(?), LU 4359 . gidh a leathfolt gidh a lanfolt gatar du duine, O'D. 2334 ( Rawl. 506, 36 ). gur leadair in leath-ucht ┐ in leath-bhruinne, MR 300.1 . ro ber[r]tha a lethu[l]chi, SR 6720 (= rasit . . . dimidiam partem barbae, 2 Reg. x 4 ). conda tarla fora lethbeólu lopsided, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). Note also the adj. lethcholpthach of a defective cow injured in a leg, limping(?): mat leth-colpthach, O'Curry 250 ( H 3.18, 145a ). intan . . . ropo lethcolb in set, O'Curry 345 ( H 3.18, 191b ) = O'D. 662 ( H 3.17, 492a ). cid caoch cíd lethcolptach iat, O'D. 855 ( H 3.17, 609 ). cid lecholb, O'D. 1629 ( H 5.15, 16b ). cid lethcolpach iat, O'D. 1646 ( H 5.15, 20a ). Cf. intan roba chaech no crín no bacach in sét, O'D. 1629 ( H 5.15, 16 ).

With a large variety of other nouns in sense of one of two, one of a pair : ní thuc acht lethassa imme `one shoe', Fél. 12.28 . doníter long . . . do lethblaeisc na huidhi (leg. huighe) sin one half-shell, RC xxiv 377.5 . iall lethbraigi (= bróice), IT iii 81 § 59 . gabaid leithchenn na cloiche, Acall. 2176. genelach húa nEchach Coba ┐ is iat-side let[h]chenēl (lethcenelach, v.l.) Dāl nAraidi, Corp. Gen. 326 (162b13) . dobered-sum lethcluiche forra he would win his game from them, RC v 199.27 . lethcnaim a rig, Laws v 354.5 . led-chollbe flatho `one of the two pillars of the kingdom', Wb. 23d31 . lethcholbe flatho .i. Brigit, Thes. ii 326.3 ( Hy. iv 9 ). leathchonchlonn eile an Íobhail `the Jew's companion', Aithd. D. 94.3 . lethchosmailius lesom inso trisa cotarsnae one member of a comparison, Ml. 30d19 . 37d10 . ro gab a leth-chuarán de, Lib. Hymn. i 187.32 . dom leathchuing fhir ealadhna to my fellow-poet, DDána 76.21 , cf. Aithd. D. 13.22 . nochar leathchumthach leanna / A. `no solitary drinker of his feast', Aithd. D. 42.11 . dá leath-dhlaoi an dréimire the two uprights, TSh. 10832 . tainic ar inchaibh a lethemain `his twin brother', CCath. 2068 . lethén in eóin allmaraig the foreign bird's mate, GJ iv 42b22 . claideb lethḟáebair one-edged, TBC-LL¹ 1718 . aos lethḟaobhoir, ZCP x 285.6 . Cf. cletine .i. lethfaobrach, O'Dav. 568 . is lethgabail flatha fri hEoganacht they are entitled to kingship in turn, Irish Texts i 21 § 13 . leithgenelach D. pedigree on the other side, ZCP xiv 70.6 . is do leithgenelaig fer nGréc dóib, Dinds. 128 = do Greccaib a llethcinel, Bodl. Dinds. 14. fria lethéill a bróci do bein de, MacCongl. 47.9 . smacht lethime one side of a boundary-fence(?), Laws v 270.21 Comm .; y Comm . leathlámhann (sic leg.) one glove, Eochairsg. 64.29 . leathmharcach `fellow-horseman', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 406.8 . lethmuincille, RC xxvi 362.6 . a braithre . . . da mharbadh tre leathol fleghi having shared a feast, Caithr. CC 2 (leg. ḟleadhól? But cf. lethdeog fri caindli sorcha, Anecd. i 14.16 = SCano 480 ). Cf. (adj.) iairmeirgi ḟuar leathrannach `nocturns that equally divide (the night)', Acall. 2963 v.l. ( SG ii 178 ) = ZCP vi 271.10 . Indrechtach . . . lethríg Ulad `one of the two kings of U.', Ann. Inisf. 835 . drem na llethríg, Arch. Hib. ii 50 § 32 . leithrí-sede na Mirmidonda `one of the two kings', LL 240a35 ( TTr. 1741 ). i n-aghaidh an fhir do ríoghais / . . . / leithrí má do-ní do námha a rival king, Aithd. D. 31.18 . C. lethrí Ciarraighe do marbadh . . . do ríg na leithe aile do Ciarraigi, RC xvii 397.7 (Tig.). ro chosain Eocho lethrīgi nUlad īar sin fri Muridach, Aided Echach 202 §6 . i leithríge in tsída fri Fiachna sharing the kingdom, SG 57.25 . G. . . . leaththuiseach don cluichi `one of the two leaders', Ériu xii 142.26 . lethorsa gacha tigi oil door-post, Fen. 166.1 .

(g) With various adjj.: fōcra lethamnas, ACL iii 295 § 24. lethbaiti `half-drowned', Aen. 268 . co torchair sís lethbéo, Trip.² 1505 . na daoine leithbheó dying, TSh. 5698 . doroich . . . in ri cusind epscop ┐ se leth-brec half-speckled with fire, RC xxvi 366.18 . lethchaech gl. monoculosus, Ir. Gl. 624 . cailleach lethchāech, ZCP v 22 § 8 . da mbeth fír occa . . . dam[b]adh gó . . . dam[b]ad lethchintach, IT iii 191 § 20 . cith lethchomnart a n-ude half as strong, ZCP xiii 374.13 (= xx 221 ). lethchosgarthai gl. semirutas, Ml. 128b5 . With -chuind (g s. of cond sense) legal of persons non compos mentis: athgabail fir lethcuind, Laws i 200.29 . ainm do amadan . . . in fer lethcuinn, O'Dav. 485 . o murcuirthi leth-cuind, Laws v 82.12 Comm . Cf. co nderna lethincinn di ar mbrisiudh a leithchinn, TBC-LL¹ p. 315 n.2 . in cetraime lethdedenach second last, IT iii 74 § 34. leithdeimhin `almost certain', Mac Aingil 2424 . re h-anaicentacht leis na lend-brat . . . leth-fada half-long, MR 180.13 . Treithne Leth[g]leór, LL 4917 . Eithne lethgleoir, Rawl. 134b12 . is hé lethgleóir leithinchind lamfota, TBC-LL¹ 5400 = TBC St. 4408. leithghléoir .i. leathshúil ghlóire. laoch leithghleoir, O'Cl. a siriti lethguill, LU 8879 ( FB 67 ). Sothṅge lethgot (n. pr. f.), Rawl. 134b19 . Leath-lobar mac Find, RC xvii 340.x (Tig.). ledmarb gl. emortuum, Wb. 2c26 . a brathair ledarthi leathmarb, TTebe 1013 . coin brena lethoma, LU 2200 ( FA 28 ). lethshathach gl. semisatur, Ir. Gl. 403 . fear uirísiol bean uasal . . . clann leathuasal tig uatha, Párl. na mB. 577 . anní do tindsgnadh atá sé leathullamh, Carswell 16.12 . This prob. also the sense in lethtenn, lethtrom and lethḟota of consonants in the poem in ZCP xii 295 ( daur, gort, bethe . . . / do leith for leith is leathtroum, § 2 ). ngetal, luiss, ruis cona rinn, | nin ┐ muin ... | ... | fedha lettenna, ZCP xii 295 § 3 . fern is coll is tinne tra | ... | donī in trīan sin ... | lethtenn lān is lāncuibdes, ZCP xii 295 § 4 . coic fodhla ar ēccuibdes oll: leathfoda, leathtend, lethtrom, ZCP xii 295 § 6 . With adv.: lesdruim .i. leas uait [┐ fris] cucut, no leatarsna darin druim bis aicmi muine, Auraic. 988 (i.e. the Ogam notches of the m-group transverse the ridge).

In legal contexts: a mic ro gialla, ni cuirthe curu leathfas, O'Curry 1751 ( 23 Q 6, 33b ). ni cuirther curu lethfasa, O'Curry 1064 ( H 3.18 , 440a ). medon-lax .i. leth-lax, O'Curry 114 ( H 3.18, 72 ). cia leth coimperta indarbthar breithemnas no airbert ae leth-balbh teanga ┐rl. .i. comaircim cia in lucht comairbertnaigther don dara leth um an ae um an caingin, O'Curry 1608 ( 23 Q 6, 5a ) `halb Stummzungige', ZCP xv 355. Similarly: cia leth coimpert inarbtha brethe no airbert ae .i. comaircim cia an lucht comairbertnaigter don dara leth uman ae uman caingin ┐ inarbtar o airbert fethamhnais ┐ brethemnais iad .i. lethbhalb tengaid ┐ lethloisc n-eoluis ┐ lethanbal n-ae, O'Curry 2271 ( Eg. 88, 20a ), O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ), O'D. 1657 ( H 5.15, 22 ), O'D. 1658 (ibid.). fer medongaite leth-indlidhach in ceile `half-unlawful', Laws v 218.17 Comm . O'Curry 2154 - 5 ( Eg. 88, 4a ), O'Curry 2156 ( Eg. 88, 4a ).

(h) Rarely with verbs (mainly for alliteration): cor ben a heochair dar suil Cormaic co ro lethchaech hé, Laws iii 84.1 (Introd. to Lebar Aicle). Ulaidh leis mar leathghabhaid when the Ulaidh take his side, Aithd. D. 20.20 . rí dá lógh do leathtolladh whose side was pierced, 60.2 . ro leithbrisedh ┐ ro lángabhadh an baile, AFM v 1658.20 .

In many nn. loc., both as subst. and as first element of compds. See Hog. Onom.

? loarn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? loarn or dil.ie/30389

 

l.¤ laas tar leas lond-adbul, KZ xxxiii 83.24 (rhet.) ( .i. snimach, 85 gl. 33 , sic MS. sed leg. sinnach ?). As n.pr. m.: Cinel L.¤ `Fox clan', Mac Culloch, Religion of the Ancient Celts p. 217 . Loarn abbas Clona Iraird, AU i 232.5 .

loinges

Cite this: eDIL s.v. loinges or dil.ie/30536

 

Forms: longas, loingse, long(a)is, loingis, longais, longes

n ā, f. (long) O.Ir. longas, g s. loingse, a d s. long(a)is. IGT Decl. § 54 . Later appar. m. § 53 , g s. loingis but this not clearly attested, though supported by a d s. ¤. longais, LU 6601 = longes, TBC-I¹ 2072 (see also LU 5489 , 6629 , 6644 = TBC-I¹ 1010 , 2090 , 2104 , and RC xviii 179.10 ); later usually -eas, -ius.

(a) fleet; ships, shipping: longas tre ḟichet long di Norddmannaibh, AU an. 837 . long .i. Saxanbērla .i. lang .i. fada, et inde dicitur loṅges, Corm. Y 845 . longus Locha Cuan do ghabail oc Linn hUachaill, AU an. 926 . troid longsi etir longes an tuaisceirt ┐ coblach Con[n]acht, RC xviii 179.10 (Tig.). toisc loiṅgsi `a naval expedition', AU ii 540.23 . an sál lomnán do loingis, IGT Decl. ex. 1370 . is lia do loingius dó innat srotha in betha `it has more shipping' (of a river), Marco P. 134 . i mbeagán do luingeas fhada (= longis navibus non multis), Keat. ii 1717.

(b) naval expedition, invasion by sea : tancutur luinges macc Miled, Laws i 20.31 Comm . toisig na lloṅgse dar ler, LL 1920 . tancatar dar muir morglass, / hi tri longsib . . . / Galiuin, Firbolg, Fir Domnand, MacCarthy 148.7 . for l.¤ a hEaspain co Sceithia, 290.26 . a marl.¤ Aeniass, TTebe 4036 .

(c) banishment, exile (not necessarily over sea), (téit for lo(i)ngis goes into exile): l.¤ .i. indarba, O'Dav. 1177 . luid epscop Fith leo for longis, Thes. ii 240.20 ( Ardm. 18a ). dia luid Duaid for longais re Saul, Ml. 55c1 . īarna longis `nach seiner Vertreibung', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 3 . is 'na haimsir-side tollotar na Deisse for longais, Cymmr. xix 108 n.1 . luid Eochu for l.¤ co Fergus, Ériu xvi 37 § 1 . longus Coirpri mic Foghertaigh re nDonnchad `banishment', AU an. 769 . Cuanu abbas Lugmaidh . . . do dula a tire Muman for longais, an. 818 . cia bemni for l.¤ riam, nī fil ind Ére ōclaig bus amru, TBC-I¹ 372 . longas Fergusa ó Ultaib, IT i 70.15 ( LMU 5 ) (luingius, v.l.). mór do maith fuarais i fus / ar do loṅgais a Ḟergus, TBC-LL¹ 493 . tria longais ┐ carcair, PH 4200. In the titles of tales: Loinges mac n-Uisleand, YBL 109b20 . From the tale-lists: Longus nUlad, Anecd. ii 43.16 . Longes Labrada, LL 189b33 . Tocomlod loṅgsi Fergusa a hUltaib, 190b1 .

In B. na f. as quasi-vn. to drive away : loithēan do loingeas ō bhūal (.i. lacha d'indarba ó uisge), ZCP v 488 § 3.

(d) band of sea-rovers, company of banished men, invaders : cach longas tra rofitir Eithne Huathach la Herind dosreclam cosna Deisse, Cymmr. xiv 122 § 22 ( Rawl. f.73ra4 ). forbrisfet comlund scéo Fergus dánae co loingis Ulad, LU 6629 (rhet.). tricha cét rop é lín na longsi, IT i 77.3 ( LMU 16 ). clú . . . na luingsi ut, Laws i 20.34 Comm . ar húaman a mmórlo[i]ngsi (of the Israelites), SR 4748 . do bhí ag Cathaoir don taoibh theas / slógh Laighean i na loingeas among his forces, DDána 105.30 .

In the sobriquet of Cormac son of Conchobar mac Nessa, Cond Loṅgas head of the exiled bands : Cormac Cond Loṅgas mac Conchobair, LU 4485. 5961 . Condloṅges, TBC-LL¹ 705. Corbmac Con Loinges, TBC St. 162 . do Chormac Con-loinges, Metr. Dinds. iv 276.x . Cf. Cormac, cond na loiṅgse-se, 236.14 . Cormac ba con longas laind, ZCP viii 333.8 .

maer

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maer or dil.ie/31254
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: maor, moer

n o, m., later also ā f., d s. do maeir, Cog. 48.20 , ZCP xlix-l 619 . (Lat. maior) maor, IGT Dec. § 96.6 .

(a) a steward of a king or prince, whose chief duty seems to have been to collect imposts; often coupled with `rechtaire'. m.¤ .i. brethemh, O'Dav. 1275 (a definition not supported by literature). araid mǽir saír . . . i n-iarthur in taige (of the Tech Midchuarta), LL 29b13 = moer, YBL 149b1 . masa aen m.¤ ro huirdnedh acun righ, leth-eniclann in rig do, Laws v 74.24 Comm. maoir no rechtaire in ri iat-sidhe, ii 94.4 Comm. a maír ┐ a fhedmannaig oc crechad chaich (of a `tigerna tuaithe'), PH 7531. bó cach liss i Muman . . . ┐ mær dia tobach, MacCongl. 57.12 . do ordaich rigu ┐ taisechu, maeru ┐ reachtairedu (of Imar the Danish leader), Cog. 48.12 . a maeir ┐ a rectairedha, 84.13 . maor í Dhomhnaill, AFM iii 178. Gilla Crist . . . m.¤ Muman, AU 1072 ; 1073 (moer). ardmaer Oa Neill in deiscirt, 923 . ardmaer oca mbiat ill-tuatha, O'Dav. 1275. ardmhaor sluaigh `chief officer', AFM vi 2024.1 . The steward or collector of dues attached to a monastery (or the collective monasteries of the same foundation): Feidilmidh abbas Cille M. et moer Breg o Phatraic (i.e. collector of P.'s dues in Bregia), AU 813. m.¤ muinteri Patraicc, 887 , cf. 893 . muna íocait . . . fri maoraibh Máodog, BNnÉ 248.10 . dobertsat na Gaoidhil toirbearta . . . da maoraibh [sc. mainistre na Croiche naoimhe] ┐ da manchoibh, AFM vi 2148.14 . (fig.) maor Dé, Ir. Monthly 1930, 516.28 (of St. Michael, common in relig. poetry). maor tobhaigh an Tighiorna, 514.7 . m.¤ na meidhe, 1929, 213.31 (see med).

(b) title given to the hereditary guardians of certain relics , see Plummer V. SS. Hib. i p. cxxix . Solamh hUa Mellan m.¤ Cluig in Udhacht[a] keeper of the Bell of the Testament, AU ii 502.15 (cf. AFM iv 864 and see Trip. 120.11 fg.). ro beanadh an Chathach Coluim Cille . . . ┐ do marbadh a maér, iii 420.19 . muintir Mochain Chille hAthracht .i. maoir na Croisi Athracht, Hy Fiach. 40. mær na bachla cochlaige, BColm. 96.22 .

(c) of officials of antiquity: tria guth challaire no mair, PH 2608. ar Troe murnigh na mær, BB 52b21 . ro ordaigsett [Romáin] mair ┐ airrig for cendadachaib in domain do tabac[h] a cisa, CCath. 3225. at[h]arruch consul ┐ maer ┐ airrigh, 3214 . See méra and mormaer.

Núadu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Núadu or dil.ie/33331
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: Nodonti, Nodenti, Nuadu, Nuado, Nuada, Nuadha, Nuadat, Nuadhat, Nodtat, Núadhat, Nuadhait, Nuadhat, Nuadhat, Nuadhaid, Nodan, Núadha, Núadhait

npr. m. a name borne by more than one mythical king of Ireland and later by some historic persons. The orig. vowel is ō, cf. the dat. forms Nodonti, Nodenti ( Corp. Inscr. Lat. vii 138 , 140 ).

Declined

(a) as d-stem: n s. Nuadu, LL 127a48 , 128a27 . Nuado, 25b13 . Possibly earlier Nuada, AU 780. Nuadha, AU 810 , 811 ; O'Mulc. 665 (one of the three `fáithi fis' of the heathen Irish), and later texts generally. g s. Nuadat, LL 128a26 . Nuadhat, AU 774. Nodtat, Mart. Tall. Feb. 19. a d s. la Nuadait, LL 128a25 . In later Mid. and Mod.Ir. the g s. Núadhat (-ad) continues in use ( Nuaghad, BB 32b38 ); also d s. Nuadhait, Keat. i 218.36 (Nuadha v.l.), but: lé Nuadha, ii 2175 . The n s. Nuadhat (-ad) is occas. found, BB 46b37 (g s. Nuadhat, ib. 36 ); g s. Nuadhaid (: cuid), Content. vi 154.

(b) traces of a parallel n-declension occur in early texts: g s. in oratorio Nodan , AU 808 , cf. ath Dísirt Nuadhat, ii 448.5 (prob. same place, see Hog. Onom. s.v. Disert Nodan). d s. ut impletum est i Nodáin [leg. Nódain] locha hUama [sic leg.], Trip. 144.15 , cf. Nuadha locha hUamae episcopus et ancorita abbas Airrd Machae, AU 811.

Núadha, IGT Dec. § 8.9 (declined like elta, n-stem, but d s. do Núadhait ).

othan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. othan or dil.ie/34107

 

n f. a word of obscure meaning, found in poetic and cryptic lang., perh. stone, (? clay, soil) or burial-chamber, grave? ? otan, uait rugad a ḟot (ḟót?), Corm. Y 1034. Esp. in g s. in the expression: adba othna, a kenning for `grave': adba othna .i. adba huath-uinne .i. uath ūir ┐ ond cloch .i. adba uire ┐ cloiche, Corm. Y 80 = adba othnoe, Corm. p. 5 ; cf. O'Dav. 1323 (othna). na hí bíte fri handgaibh | foce[i]rd i n-adhboidh n-othna he casts into the grave (?), Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 24 . i n[adbai] n-othrai [leg. n-othnai], RC xxvi 26 § 94 ( .i. i n-adbai uath-uinni, LL 187b31 ). etir othain ┐ acenn (achend v.l.), ib. § 95 , glossed .i. itir in cainnell ┐ in tine between the torch and the fire, O'Dav. 1323 ; eter in n-adnacul ┐ in mesrugud, LL 187b33 ; between the grave and the fire [of Doom]?

The (same?) word is found in place-names: abbas Othnae Mōre, AU 773 (place near Fahan, Co. Donegal). Muru Othna more, LL 347c43 . i nOthain mbic, Rawl. 92c51 . for Oithin bicc, AU 717 ; see Hog. Onom. s.v. Othain .

secnap

Cite this: eDIL s.v. secnap or dil.ie/36818
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: tsecnap, secṅdapthib, secṅdapid

n t, m. (but g s. in tsecnap , Lism. L. 2559 ). (Lat. secundus abbas ; cf. Welsh segynnab Celtica iii 223 ) the prior of a monastery (inferior in status to the abbot and apparently also to the airchinnech . On his position and duties see V. SS. Hib. cxvii f . ): secṅdapthib gl. actoribus, Wb. 19d2 . principes nó secṅdapid gl. gubernationes, 12b17 . leath catu caich dia mnai, no dia gormac, no dia rectairi, no dia ṡecnabaid `half of every one's dignity . . . to his prior', Laws v 70.25 (.i. i n-oirchindecht .i. i cill, ib. y Comm.). masa rechtaireda imda ro huirdned acun righ, no ṡecnabaid imda acun oircindeach, 74.10 Comm . is laisin s.¤ cuindrech na memor da reir, iii 36.21 Comm . secnab .i. secundab id est secundus abbas vel secundus abbati. vel secnab sequens abbatem , Thr. Ir. Gl. 40.18 = Corm. Y 1142 . in macclēirech, is ē ba hairchindech ┐ ba s.¤ , Ériu i 44.8 . ced is imgabt[h]ai do duine ettail? brīathra inglano, aggairbiu taithiscc, toirisem fri secnabaid, ZCP iii 449.y . airchinnech, a thānaise | s.¤, coic, cōir cert, | athc[h]omarcthid, ferdaigis, | frithṡecnap for fecht (the seven officers in a monastic settlement in order of rank), v 499 § 3 . ard-secnab Sil Muiredhaigh, CS 296.5 . Ruaidri mac Donnchadha, secundus abbas Cluana Iraird; tanaisi Abb Cluana muc Nois, 142.5 . maircc don abbadh thiocfus sunn, | 's don tseachnap bías na chumann, Irish Texts iv 89 § 22 . secnab .i. prióir, Cluana mic Nóis, AFM ii 792.11 .

sruith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sruith or dil.ie/38847

 

adj i

I As adj. old, senior, venerable, to be revered, honoured, esteemed . Usually of persons: epscop Sanctān Sanctán (sic leg.?) s.¤ , Hy. vi 21 ( Thes. ii 353 ). farácaib epscop C. and ┐ aes s.¤ día muintir . . . ┐ martra sruithi tucc leis tar muir, Trip.² 2115 . cen imcomet aesa s.¤ `persons of dignity', Laws iii 510.2 . ciato chomshruithi `although they are both venerable' (Gloss.), Críth G. 493 . Sáríal s.¤ , KMMisc. 254.13 . cleireach s.¤ sen, Anecd. i 70 § 172 . ar gach senōir s.¤ , ACL iii 232.11 . robdar saera robdur sruithi, Ériu vii 242.5 . epscop Hērenn ┐ sacart, | sruithe sāmtait, ACL iii 303 § 13 . a Rí sh.¤ , Dán Dé xxix 31 . Other applications: is s.¤ ind airm indid epiur `venerable is the place', Wb. 4b26 . fēil s.¤ a principal feast-day, Mon. Tall. 22(135.1) . in litha sruthi `high festivals', Rule of Tallaght 74 § 39 . ba cáid, ba s.¤ . . . a lá-sa (of Sunday), Ériu ii 196 § 14 . foracaib Patraic reilgi sruithiu i lLecain Midi venerable relics, Trip.² 893 . ? na saire sruithe, Laws i 12.17 . is ferr síd sochocad s.¤ , Ériu ix 47 § 18 .

Compar. sruithiu gl. antiquior, Ml. 59d5 . nimbói ní bed sruithiu dara dochtaised `He had nothing nobler to swear by', 78a4 . ni longe co longe céle dé remut nó fer fas (= bas) sruithiu, Thes. ii 258.32 . cía de as sru[i]thiu, in ríi fa thúath? Críth G. 492 . triar . . . nad ailet fuillem a n-airm . . . are (= air is) sruithiu di-suidib a ngobol-lorgga olldate a n-airm `are more valuable to them', Laws v 420.10 . cenn caich iar nduinib . . . besid sruithe, besid nuaisliu who is greater in dignity than he, ii 278.22 .i. i naicniud, 280.12 Comm . ar isruithe beo bethu tortha `for saved provisions are more precious than growing grass', iv 78.5 .i. ar is uaisle, etc., z Comm . sruithe daon diobhadh, 246.14 .i. is uaisle, etc., 20 Comm . cid arfaoma . . . cobsen neich bess siniu nó bess sruithe indas, Mon. Tall. 79 (160.17) . fobith isuidiu (leg. is sruithiu, Edd.) rombói M. quam S.¤ , 61 (150.9) . ni ro-genir mac mna . . . is [s]ruthi oltas Eoin, PH 884 . Superl.: co lan log einech bes sruithem (text?), Laws ii 404.18 (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 72 f . ). do neoch ba sruitheam . . . ina churad of the most senior of the warriors, TBC-I¹ 490 = ba sruthem . . . inna caurad, LU 4979 . in tan ba sruithem ┐ ba fír-aesta he, LB 123b2 = BB 244a15 . sruit[h]em aicdi `most venerable of structures' (name of Ogam letter oir), Auraic. 5602 . conidh arai as [s]ruitheamh cach mur in mur sin, BB 349a25 . is ed . . . is sruitium bioas fort mes (of food), RC xii 64 § 29 . idhedh . . . ailm . . . is sruithe . . . in dedi sin (the vowels a and i, which respectively begin and end the vowel series), Auraic. 2798 . in t-inad ba sruithiu . . . las in rig `deemed most commodious', MR 4.14 .

Adv. co soinmhech co s.¤ , LL 386b43 .

II As subst. m. elder, ancestor, reverend person, sage , etc. In Ml. of the fathers of the Old Testament: inna sruithe .i. Moab ┐ Ammon ┐ Essau gl. maiorum `of the ancestors', Ml. 26b16 . 44b35 . sruthi na fetarlaice .i. Abraam ┐ Isac `elders', 31d11 . inna sruithe gl. patrum, 44b34 . indate mu sruthi `than my ancestors', 88d1 . a sruthe gl. maiorum suorum, 119b11 . ar srutheni, 122d3 . di ar sruithib, 125a13 . lasna sruithi gl. cum maioribus, 128d5 . inna sruthe gl. ueterum, 133c3 . in s.¤ sean Pol, Fél. Prol. 97 n . togairm Semeoin srotha `of S. the sage', Jan. 5 . cóemaite ar srotha, Aug. 24 . rom-shnáidet mo shruithi `may my elders protect me', Ep. 47 . da bairghin for mes srotha `two loaves on the dish (?) of the master (the sick man) (?)', Ériu xii 22 § 27 (BCrólige, see notes). im trefet tigi srotha `of a chief's house', Laws i 126.6 . ? ara naisc finnsruth (-sruith?) findtigha, iv 38.10 .i. is e in s.¤ taitnemach bis, 40.3 Comm . finnsruth fine .i. . . . sruth taithnemach na fine, v 442.6 Comm . Cf. s.¤ fer finntiu `noble is the tribe-land', v 462.1 . C. . . . abatissa tighe sruithe Cille daro abbess of the house of the seniors, AU i 278.9 . T. abbas sruithe Cluana, 298.10 . ? cotombertsa brú sóer | s.¤ dim chlaind comceneoil, LU 8281 ( FB 22 ). misse Fintan Find mac Bochra . . . am s.¤ uasal hÉrend, LL 4b25 . i[s] s.¤ dún a saintly man approaches, Irish Texts i 34.29 . am sruit[h] do Dia mar, ol C., iv 17.24 . étiud bān bēsaib srotha `after the fashion of an elder', Ériu ii 66 § 13 . sruthi ┐ senoire noema, PH 2 . sruthi na petarlaicthi .i. Abram ┐ Isác ┐ Iacop, 7871 . sruithi ┐ seanatoraigh na cathrach elders and senators, CCath. 771 . a mo sh.¤ reverend sir, Lism. L. 2022 . do choimhthionól sruitheadh, Ériu v 92.6 . éanghrádh sruitheadh is seannaomh, Aithd. D. 75.44 . s.¤ .i. eagnaid, Lec. Gl. 317 , cf. M 129 .

Compds. ¤athair: sruith athir gl. patronus, Sg. 12b3 . ¤ ecna: senior sruith-ecna (sic leg.) an old man venerable in wisdom, BCC 392.16 . ¤máthair matron: i n-araili sruth-mathair soicheneoil isin Roim, CCath. 1059 . ? ¤recht: soirche sruithreacht `licht war das Gesetz des Alten', Snedg. u. Mac R 11 § 37 . ¤shenóir: gabaid in sruithsenoir (sic leg.) noem oc a forcetul, PH 245 .