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accomol

Cite this: eDIL s.v. accomol or dil.ie/170

n o, n. Later m. in t-acomul, Laws iii 20.4 Comm. Vn. of ad-comla. act of joining, bringing together; junction, meeting, union: accomol Crist et næcilso, Wb. 22c11 . accumul a déachte ┐ a doenachte, 33b17 (cf. Bergin, ZCP xvii 224 ). ind accumuil gl. consortii, Ml. 15b8 . accomol gl. sinaeresis, Sg. 54a13 . tre accomol gl. per sineresin (συναίρεσις), 32a4 . tresa n-acomol in ddá aimmserda in dá gutae, 32a8 . do accomol inna cairddine ┐ ind oentath `for the junction of the friendship and the unity', 28a9 . filid dogníat a n-accomol in chrut sin ┐ ni midedar cenel n-indib a n-accomol sin, 63a14 . accomol ind óintuisil i persanaib écsamlib `the junction of the one case in the various persons', 208a10 . ius ind accomuil gl. coniunctionis, 212b6 . is trocaire Dé forcaemnacair ar n-ocomul (.i. ar tinol) dorisi, Trip.² 231 . naeim Hērenn do accomul i n-óenmaigin, ACL iii 3.28 . do a.¤ neich etarroscrad `to join together anything that has been separated', Hib. Min. 9.311 . na torothair . . . techtait da chorp i n-óen accomol , LU 2563 . ind eclais nemdai ┐ talmanda do oentaid ┐ do accomul, PH 5339 . inn accomul cairrci slébhe Eimh `adjoining a crag of Mount Haemus', CCath. 4106 . ruccastar Muire mac maith / . . ./. . ./ cen accomhal a hōigi, RC xxxvii 347 § 37 . As a gloss on comallnaid fulfils: fo da comilset .i. is maith in t-acomul sin, Laws iii 20.4 Comm. acomhal .i. coimhcheangal no cruinniughadh, O'Cl. With DO: at-cobraim-si . . . far n-accomal-si do macc ind ríg nemdai, Trip.² 1137 . ro chomarléicc . . . a ingin . . . do ócomul do Chríst, 2080 . With FRI: fidrad freccomail . . . .i. occomol a deirid fri tossach [ar]aile iar fedaib i.e. the joining of the final word of a stanza with the first accented word of the next by alliteration, IT iii 30.27 . dia accomhal fri dligheadh `to bind him by law', AFM vi 2334.15 .

ad-comla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-comla or dil.ie/400

Forms: ad-comla, a-t-comla, ad-ind-chomlat, adcomaltar, -accomoltar, adcomlatar, -acomlatar, adcomaltar, -accomaltar, adchomlatar, adrochomolta, -accomalta, adrochomul, adcomaill, comlasat, ros ocomlad, accomaltae, accomol, accomlaid

v (* ad-com-la-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 509 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. ad-comla, Wb. 3c13 . a-t-comla som, 4a10 . 3 pl. ad-ind-chomlat. Sg. 212b7 . Pass. sg. adcomaltar, Sg. 148b9 . -accomoltar, 188a15 . Pl. adcomlatar, 51b13 . -acomlatar, 198a20 . Subj. pres. pass. sg. adcomaltar, Sg. 63a17 . -accomaltar, 197b17 . Pl. adchomlatar, Ml. 35b2 . Subj. impf. pass. sg. adrochomolta, Sg. 188a16 . -accomalta, ZCP vii 484.30 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. adrochomul, Ml. 58b12 . adcomaill, LL 750 . 3 pl. (with tmesis) ata coraib comlasat , ZCP xii 365.23 . Pass. sg. ros ocomlad, Trip.² 2072 .

Part. accomaltae.

Vn. accomol .

Later as simple vb. accomlaid.

Joins, unites: is in óin persin atacomla `it is in one person that it joins itself', Sg. 208a10 . amal adindchomlat coniunctiones `as conjunctions join', 212b7 . adcomlatar gl. iniungantur, Ml. 35b2 . co roaccomalta gl. copularetur, ZCP vii 484.30 (Enchir. Aug.). innahisiu adrochomul, Ml. 58b12 . tor Conaind co méit airgne / adcomaill col cét milte, LL 750 . is é ro-accomail in eclais cechtardai, PH 7066 . With tmesis: ar conrarcicht selba . . . ata coraib comlasat comdliged mainche morfaeidm flaithemnuis, ZCP xii 365.23 . do etarscarath neich adrocomallnad (leg. adrochomlad?) tria mierlegend, Hib. Min. 307 . Joins to, with (DO, FRI, LA): do genitin articuil adcomaltar in gerind `to the genitive of the article is joined the gerund', Sg. 148b9 . air dianaccomaltar pronomen naill do, Sg. 197b17 . ara chosmili frisa cétnide dia naccomoltar, 188a15 . ró pridach Pátraic dí coros ocomlad don tairgertaig spirtalta, Trip.² 2072 . ronaccomail Eláir do Mártain araile sechtarétsíd dia forcetul, RC ii 390 § 19 . uracomol cis neimid .i. in ní for a firaccomailter a cis do neimed `by which his rent is truly secured to a n.-person', Laws iv 6.y Comm. ro-n-accomailset do'n cháisc `they brought it (Lent) into conjunction with Easter', PH 5006 . o ro-s-accomail do fen when he united it (the Church) to Himself, 4553 . atcomlasom friu ardis lemnethu de do hícc, Wb. 4a10 . adcomla friu fessin in fect so `he joins Himself to them now', 3c13 . adcomlatar sidi fri cach tuisel `these are joined to every case', Sg. 51b13 . ciad- comaltar oppidum friss, Sg. 63a17 . fobith inna cenel . . . frisanacomlatar, 198a20 . ní accomlatar epactae . . . fri riaglóri, Thes. ii 17.27 . (BCr.) atcomlasom híc lasnahí dofuircifea bráth i mbethu `he joins himself híc with those whom the Judgement will find alive', Wb. 25b16 . Note also: mar rohaccomlait mar aen / in t-uiscce is in fīn, RC xxxvii 346 § 33 .

ad-suidi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-suidi or dil.ie/579
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: atsuidhim, adsudi, a-t-suidi, a-ta-suidi, -asstai, ad-suidet, ad-suiter, ad-dom-suiter, -astaider, ad-suidetar, adsuighidter, -astaiter, asta, -astad, adsode, a-ta-sode, -astae, -asta, -astat, roastar, -astatais, adsuife, -astaibther, adrosoid, atrosoid, adsaidh, adrodad, -asta, roasta, astide, astaithi, astad, fastód, astaid, fastaid, fostaid, astaigid, fostaigid, fastóid, -astád

v (* ad-suid-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 637 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. atsuidhim, O'Curry 1066 ( H 3.18, 440b ). 2 s. adsudi, Ml. 114c6 . 3 s. a-t-suidi, Sg. 66a20 . a-ta-suidi, 64b3 . -asstai, Ml. 114a19 . 3 pl. ad-suidet, Sg. 4b15 . Pass. sg. ad-suiter. Ml. 68d5 . ad-dom-suiter, Thes. ii 3.33 . -astaider, Sg. 3a4 . Pl. ad-suidetar, ZCP xiii 22.11 . adsuighidter, Laws iv 142.z Comm. 144.2 Comm. -astaiter, i 30.27 . Ipv. 2 s. asta, LU 2983 . 3 s. -astad, Wb. 10d7 . Subj. pres. 2 s. adsode, Wb. 10a9 . a-ta-sode, 10 . -astae, Ml. 55a19 . 3 s. -asta, Ml. 126a6 . 3 pl. -astat, Wb. 29a16 . Pass. sg. with ro: mad roastar , Ériu vii 154 § 3 . Subj. impf. 3 pl. -astatais, Laws iii 2.2 . Fut. 3 s. adsuife, CMT² 30 § 29 n. Pass. s. -astaibther, Laws i 192.4 Comm. Pret. and perf. 3 s. adrosoid, Ml. 97d16 . atrosoid, 39a16 . adsaidh, O'Curry 469 ( H 3.18, 246 ). Pass. sg. adrodad, Laws i 52.3 . = atroadh, O'D. 19 ( H 3.17, col. 397 = CIH v 1897.11 , Contract Law 222 ). Pl. -asta, Lism. L. 2514 . roasta, LL 22122 . Part. astide gl. adpensum, Ml. 20a22 . Vbl. of necess. astaithi, Laws v 286.11 Comm. Vn. astad, fastód.

Later as simple vb. astaid, fastaid, fostaid. Also astaigid (fastaigid, fostaigid). Cf. fostaid, fostaigid. Occas. with long vowel in second syll.: fastóid, LU 2109 . -astád, TTr.² 1141 (see under fostaid). IGT Verbs § 64 , § 80, 106 . See also assoith.

(a) stops, holds back, detains, hinders: nach nastad in cretmech `let the believer not detain him', Wb. 10a7 . ci atasode lat ar écin `though thou keep her with thee perforce', 10a10 . atrosoid gl. (se mali uicisitudine) suspenderit, Ml. 39a16 . ni astaider ┐ ni timmorcar fri slond nintliuchta gl. quae a nullo affectu mentis proficiscitur, Sg. 3a4 . atomsuide serc Dé, IT iii 51 § 95 . adrodad fri less na túad / isin port co bráth it has been detained for the good of the people, Trip.² 786 . asta dinetan fort cind stop a little while, LU 2983 . timchellaid . . . múr . . . ┐ fastóid (astaid, v.l.) anmand inna pectach, LU 2109 ( FA 17 ). coro asta na heonu cen togairad C. so that the birds were prevented from calling to C., LL 22122 . im amus ceneoil do denam de dus i n-astaibther no tuilithe do radh ris to know whether he will be kept or be regarded as an interloper, Laws i 192.4 Comm. dia mbed da clad íme . . . adsuitear leo `he is restrained by them', iv 158.3 Comm. . . . eoin ┐ énluithe Leithi Mogha do thiachtain cuigi isin crainnsin co n-asta uile acasom, Lism. L. 2514 . o samain co medón erraig ro hast ind imguin ultu, RC vi 188.15 . astaid da n-ag dibh he seizes two deer, v 200 § 12 . mad roastar cach mil díb i mbethu lasin merlech if each of these animals be detained alive, Ériu vii 154 § 3 . Intrans: asdofe (gl. no adsuife) ant ór ina broinn 'the gold will stick in his belly', CMT² 30 § 29 .

(b) Legal fixes, makes permanent or legal, binds, establishes: ni astat nadmann in diupairt bonds do not bind such a fraudulent arrangement, ZCP xiii 22.29 ( Bürgschaft 10 ). cenisnasta naidm na raith adasuidhe dliged law establishes them, 24.1 (§ 39). astud cáich hi coruib bel, ar ro buí in biuth i mbailiuth mani astaitis cuir bél if verbal contracts were not binding, ZCP xvi 176 § 6 ( Laws i 40.24 ). man[i] astat cuir bel . . . cia beth dono cuir bel and adsuidet adi, Laws ii 130.2 Comm. atsuiter cuir bél la Feine amuil ad-rodad Adam ina derbdubairt: at-bath in biuth uile ar aenuball `as Adam was bound by his deception' (i.e. the Fall was considered as a contract whereby Adam exchanged the immortality of man for an apple), ZCP xvi 177 § 13 . fosuid cach aititiu adsuidet folaid, Laws iii 10.8 . cona ndilsi feibh as dech atsaitar (no atsuitar) dilsi, Ériu ii 4 n. 46 . atait .x. nailche annscuichthecha atsuidet cach ndilsi, O'Curry 416b ( H 3.18, 229a ). ?adsuighe crích cadesin . . . ar id comarda criche insin that defines a `crích', Laws iv 142.24 . With FRI and FOR: it e trénailche in sin frisa n-astaiter bretha in betha for those are the strong rocks to which the judgements of the world are bound fast (i.e. which support the law), ZCP xvi 175 § 1 ( Laws i 30.27 ). nī nī nach breth berar . . . nad fri hapstal n-uasal n-astaigther (nascaider v.l.) i.e. no judgement is effective unless a holy apostle guarantees it(?), Corm. Y 1224 ( Anecd. iv 106.19 ). adsuidetar tra frisna [na]dmann so ┐ ni diuprat, is de ata adsuidet naidmann ┐ ni diuprat they are held binding (as valid) by these `naidms' but the latter do not guarantee fraud; therefore it is said `naidms' bind but do not cheat, ZCP xiii 22.11 ( Bürgschaft 9 § 25 ). is misech maine astaithur fri som(m)uine n-aircendcha he is entitled to do this when he is not bound by dues already given, ZCP xv 248 § 6 ( Laws ii 210.15 ). Cf. also: at-chíu a chlaideb . . . ina intiuch . . . conid fri crúaid n-aurrdric n-aister, BDD² 1037 . ni asta rudrad rugnassa . . . manab for ailchib udhpart astaiter, O'Curry 2471 (Eg. 88, 38a2). nach breath nad astaiter fors nach aei (i.e. on `fír' and `dliged'), Laws v 10.4 . Note also: atasuidi for sobus íar córus fine `he holds them (viz. the aforesaid dependents) fast to good conduct (i.e. he must see that they fulfil their legal duties)', Críth G. 341 and note. adsuide fis .i. dia festar for nech olc do denamh adsuidhe fiacha(ib) fair it makes him liable to fines, O'Curry 483 ( H 3.18, p. 251 ). cia met i n-astaither cach dib `to what extent each of them is confirmed in his rights', Laws iv 344.8 . Note also: mani astat in da recht peccad foir unless the two laws convict him of sin, Wb. 29a16 . With IN-: atsuidi neutur isnaib anmannaib in es a n-accomol fri neutur i n-immognom `their connexion with a neuter in construction establishes the neuter in the nouns in -es', Sg. 66a20 .

airaccomol

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airaccomol or dil.ie/1582

n ( accomol ) legal first binding, lien: uracomol cis neimid, Laws iv 6.10 `i.e. a (special) tribute to a `nemed' person is a first charge (on the land)', Plummer MS. notes.

airchomal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchomal or dil.ie/1748

Forms: aurcomla, urchomhal, orchomhal, -ail

n o, perh. orig. n. n p. aurcomla, Laws ii 118.15 Comm. Later m. urchomhal, orchomhal (g s. and n p. -ail), IGT Decl. § 17 . short spancel espec. for the fore-legs of an animal (opp. to langfetir. See Bidrag 23 ): langp[h]eitir . . . itir cois n-īarthair ┐ cois n-airthir biis. non sic aurc[h]omal .i. aur-accomol .i. itir dā c[h]ois n-airthir biis, Corm. Y 812 . erchomul (gl. lucar, see note), Sg. 126a1 . co m-belgib airgdidib ┐ urchomla credumæ fon-echaib, IT ii2 191.59 . oc sním irchomail fo G. .i. gabar D., SCano 238 . treige n-urcomail, Laws v 482.28 .i. in da id ┐ in leithri, 484.18 Comm. muinci, srīan is erc[h]omal, BColm. 50.4 . go ro maidset a n-idi ┐ a n-erchomail, TBC-LL¹ 3825 . curther fóthu a n-urchomail, 3626 . groidhe . . . gan orchumhall, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 160 x . each urchomhuil, IGT Decl. ex. 764 . each i n-orchomhal gan ḟir, 744 . id airchomail see 1 id. Metaph. tamhan file .i. creat cuain na filedh a n-idhe ┐ a n-urcomla fair, O'D. 1206 (H. 2.15, 82 c.2). urchomhall é fá 'n eangnomh he is a check on exploits (of foreigners), Miscell. Celt. Soc. 348.8 .

cairdine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cairdine or dil.ie/7900

n , f. (1 cara) friendship, amity; pact, alliance : do accomol inna cairddine ┐ ind oentath gl. ad confirmandam conjunctionem, Sg. 28a9 . mór in ch.¤ dorignis friu, Ml. 91b12 . ar co do regad anmanna fri c.¤ coibnesa .i. . . . coibinntechus cairdesa, O'Curry 2484 ( Eg. 88, 39(40)c ) = co taragat anmanna fri c.¤ coibnesa, O'D. 1698 (H 2.12, no. 8 p. 1). dobeir Cu Ch. in cartini `the truce' (Faraday 67), LU 5948 ( TBC-I¹ 1482 ). méd in sídha ┐ na c.¤ bói la cách díaroile ind Éire, RC xv 277.17 . gaid cairddine cor glinne, LL 19453 . ba buidheach M. do N. tres an cc.¤ sin, Leb. Gab.(i) i 196.8 . amhail bidh fri sidh ┐ fri c.¤ , AFM vi 2002.8 . hi ccáirdine fri Gallaobh, Hugh Roe² 44.13 .

comaccomol

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comaccomol or dil.ie/10564

n ( accomol )

(a) act of joining together, uniting; union : bach tar cricha comacomal, O'Dav. 304 . a cengal ┐ a comacumal dá ceile, CCath. 1390 . comacomul ceilli ┐ ceneóil `conjunction of sense and species', Auraic. 1901 . comocamal .i. comcudrumugud eidir da cail, O'Curry 963 (H. 3.18, 415). ? By metathesis: ba . . . comaculuim (comhfotal, v.l.) da contrarda (of a battle) a coming together(?), Cog. 178.14 .

(b) Gramm. conjunction: ol ní comacomol que (in plerusque etc.), Sg. 75b5 . in chomaccomuil foaccomailtig of the subjoined conjunction (sc. -que, -ue, -ne), 203a11 . frisna comaccomla-sa, 203a10 . ní comacomol hi suidiv = syllaba est, non pars orationis (of -que in absque), 221b6 . fortórmach . . . ní comacomol airi cia beith in fine , 212b11 . nert comaccomail (of -que), 222b9 . a ndocoisgedar ne c.¤ s `when the conjunction ne follows s ', 15b4 . cen chomaccomla, Ml. 28d6 . sceo ┐ ceo ┐ neo tri comaccomail na Goedelge, RC xx 160 § 9 (ACC Comm.). ainm, pronomen, briathar ┐ dobriathar, randgapal ┐ comacomal . . . lasin nGaidel, Auraic. 2668 . conjunctive (subjunctive) mood: comacumul ar indidit `conjunctive for indicative', Ml. 62a15 . 61a18 .

con-tairisedar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-tairisedar or dil.ie/12342

Forms: comthairisem

v (do-airissedar) remains constant; consists : amal is trí accomol nildule conterissedar indomon `that the world consists', Ml. 145c4 . nad cumsanad .i. . . . na comthairisend, Laws i 134.7 Comm. don lipursu contairisidar o deich tetaib indrechta, Hib. Min. 2.1 (rel. con-?). na conhuistighedhar .i. na contairisidhar, O'Curry 1988 ( H 4.22, 24 ).

Vn. comthairisem.

cumtach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cumtach or dil.ie/13903

Forms: cumtach, -aige

o, n. vn. of con-utaing (see GOI 356 ). n p. cumtach, Ml. 84a11 . Usu. -aige.

(a) act of building; constructing, composing; building, construction : onaib tollaidib bite o[c]cumtuch `building', Ml. 131c8 . c.¤ innacathrach, 133c11 . du chumtuch latir gl. in figendis lateribus, 102d12 . epert in chumtaig forsnaib drummaib `building', 135d5 . conrotacht . . . in gríanan sin do imdenmaib ┐ cumtaigib sainamraib, LU 8064 ( FB 3 ). o togail Trae co cumdach Tempoill Solman, MacCarthy 280.4 . cumdach na Rómha ic Romuil, CCath. 149 . aimser chumtaigh in tuir, Auraic. 38 . cumdach na long, ZCP xxx 55.436 . prīmh-eaclus . . . ar n-a comdach, Fl. Earls 178.16 . c.¤ na n-Iudaide n-ard `architecture', ZCP i 112 § 1 . cuit duine . . . nō con . . . nō cumtaigh `building', Cáin Ad. 41 . in dingnaib .i. hi cumtaigib De Athar, Rawl. 106b31 . do chumhdaighibh uiscce ┐ tire `houses . . . on water and land', AFM iv 1108.y . hi cumhdaighthibh cloch, Hugh Roe² 180.26 . co cumtuch a chuirp chest(?), LL 24888 . In moral sense edification : c.¤ nirisse gl. aedificationem . . . quae est in fide, Wb. 27d24 . is c.¤ caritatis dilectio proximi , 6c26 . do ch.¤ popuil De gl. ad aedificandum Dei . . . populum, Lib. Hymn. 12.86 n. Gramm. a c.¤ gl. constructionem, Sg. 139a4 . issed ac .i. taibsiu gnímo nó chesta gl. huiuscemodi . . . structura, 209b28 . iss ed a cumdach leiss accomol indarann oc slund imperatiui gl. constructio, 148a3 . In wider sense: lucht cumhdaigh na ccaithréimionn `those who compose the battle-rolls', Ériu v 56.64 . tengta in domain . . . ni-fétfadais a-cumdach mét mhaithisa in-dúileman give an account of, RC xxiv 384.25 .

(b) act of protecting, covering, supporting, helping , etc.: is techtta . . a ndinsed oldas a cumdac `protect them' (viz. a druid, a reaver, a satirist), BCrólige 51 . cumdach no coimét, Trip. lii 6 . ri doraiga teglach ṅdil / dia chumtuch eter dóinib to escort him, SR 7582 . a coimded do cumdach, Laws iii 22.7 . bi[d] c.¤ do díbergaib, LU 6614 = TBC-I¹ 2078 . bid tesbaidh do cumtuch in tirese mo dula-sa as `will lessen this land's covert', Dinds. 127 . óenach . . . / co cumtuch cuirp is anma, Metr. Dinds. iv 150.55 . is innte-side ata coilech in Choimded iarna ch.¤ , ZCP xvii 228.y . a trian fri cumdach a mind `to enshrine his relics', RC xxvii 284 § 40 . an ben easlan do cumdach, O'Curry 2307 ( Eg. 88, 23 (24)b ). fear do chumhdaigh your protector, DDána 4.8 . Canoin Pháttraicc do chumhdach lá D., AFM ii 638.3 . iad féin do chumhdach nó do dhíon orra, Keat. ii 6086 . dom chumhdach ar an ccorōin, ZCP xii 380.13 . ar ccumhdach . . . ó pheacadh, Parrth. Anma 559 . cothughadh, cosnadh, cumhdach, Eg. Gl. 137 . ag cumhdach C.C. do chur a n-Albain `helped', BCC 452.10 . ar laoidh féin ní faghthar dath / gan leabhar glan dá chumhdach `to support it', Content. vi 13 . ní fhédaid anós baistidh . . . do chumhdach lé Scriobhtuir diadha = support .. . from Holy Scripture, Carswell 232.9 . a ccomtach a dha ciocch ccorr / do bhiodh naom-cloch na nemhond, Ériu iv 55.17 . cumhdach fallsa feóil mo bhall, TSh. 3313 . Coimheud an Chroidhe, ┐ . . . Cumhdach na Ccēdfadh, Desid. 3049 . do dhealuigh a ccumhdacho riú, Numbers xiv 9 . aer ata ar na cumdach etorra enclosed between them, Ir. Astr. Tr. 18.7 . do urail corp Rolanduis do chumhdach do bhalsaimm ┐ do mirra `to preserve', ITS xix 96.30 .

(c) cover, case, shrine : dubbert P. c.¤ dufíacc idon clocc ┐ menstir `a case (containing) . . . ', Thes. ii 241.16 ( Ardm. 18a ). dianda sera i c.¤ (of valuables), Críth G. 294 . do rig hE. lasandernad acumddachso (of case for book), Ir. Gl. 57.2 . do chuir a chruit ina cumdach, Stair Erc. 659 . ben a cumhdach do chenn na cráisighi, Acall. 1718 . droichet . . . go gcomhdach . . . ōs a chionn `roof', Fl. Earls 86.5 .

Of clothes, apparel, etc.: cumtuch .i. cum thoga bīs .i. co lend, Corm. Y 329 . ? cumthach (leg. c.¤ ?) brunni `a cover for the breast' (of a `lumman'), Metr. Dinds. iv 332.43 . corp ┐ cumthach (comdach, v.l.) a cæmcheili `dress', TTebe 4699 . cumhdach a chuisleann `covering', Aithd. D. 78.25 . cumhdach a cinn `head-dress', TFrag. 66.1 . in cumdach . . . robui fura cenn, ZCP vi 276.25 . cumdach mor d'édach uime, BNnÉ 34.10 . seolbrat . . . impe ┐ cumtaige isind imdæ bed-coverings(?), LU 7354 ( BDD 99 ).

(d) act of adorning, ornamenting; ornament : dia cumtuch `to their adornment', Ml. 36c17 . tre sóinmigi ┐ ch.¤ Sión gl. ut restituas ei ueteris felicitatis ornatum, 72a5 . c.¤ basuisse fri hiriss gl. ornantes se, Wb. 28b9 . gach lí, gach cumhdach, Ériu xiii 39.17 . cumdach mic righ, Laws ii 158.24 .i. c.¤ a netaigh, Laws ii 158.26 Comm. lenid corcra . . . cona cumtuch oir ┐ argait, LL 24233 . do chumtuch ingantach tíri Arabiae, LL 24890 . c.¤ alaind orda ima bragait, TTebe 754 . blatha ┐ cumdaige na so-gnim `adornments', Ir. Lit. 50.4 . c.¤ baindsidhi `wedding ornament', CCath. 1166 .

Of speech, writing etc. embellishing, heightening: trop cucumtuch ┐ chonimbiud briathar gl. propter pompam, Ml. 94b11 . ar thucait cumtaich no molta ho duinib `for the sake of pomp or praise', Ériu vii 174.1 . gur chuirestair . . . glósnaithe filedh fuithe da . . . cumhdach (of poetic composition), BNnÉ 265.26 . C.¤ fír Fircertni (in mock list of treasurers), Anecd. ii 53.10 . cumdach na Paitri commentary, RC xi 400.25 . sluag na sacart, cach díb ┐ a druim fria chlár ic cumtuch na claisse `composing'(?), Celtica iv 34.476 .

(e) Attrib. and predic. g s. in various meanings: a scrin cumtaig protective, Ann. Conn. 1293.7 . leabhar cumhdaigh an illuminated book, ITS xvi 52.16 . dorinde cūpa cumduig da cloicenn, ZCP xiii 181.17 . cloidem cumdaigh ` decorated ', vi 93.2 . coróin . . . cumdaigh, 52.7 . cnú chumhdaigh dar gcrobhuing (of Christ), Aithd. D. 75.40 . clár cumdoigh, IGT Decl. ex. 524 . fri gnim cumtaig cóir cech gráid proper, fitting (?), SR 7131 . etig didiu nī cumtaig cruth well-formed (?), O'Mulc. 462 . In chevilles: clar cóir, cobsaid, c.¤ dind, SR 981 . cumtaig arg, 4757 . cumtaig rath, 7042 . cumtaig grád, 4225 .

Compd. With adj.: ásna cathbarraib . . . cumtachglana, TBC-LL² 4221 .

See cumtacht.

1 do

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do or dil.ie/17096

Forms: dond, donaib, dunaib, donab, dona, dond, donaibhí, dunaibh, donahí, dom, domsa, damsa, duit, dait, deit, det, dit, duid, daid, duitt, duitsiu, deitsiu, detsiu, détso, detsi, dutsi, d, do, dóu, dou, dáu, dossom, dosom, d, di, díi, disi, dúnn, dunn, duún, dúun, dún, dun, duin, dú(i)nn, dúnni, dunni, dúni, dúinniu, dúnai, dúib, duib, duíb, dib, dib, daoibh, dúibsi, dúbsi, dóib, doib, duaib, dáib, doaib, doibsom, dom, dum, dot, dut, dot, dod, do, do, dia, doa, diar, dear, dar, dia n-, doa n-, dua, dá, dia n-, da, dona, donach, do

prep. with dat., leniting (see GOI §§ 435 . 832 ).

Forms: do (usual at all periods); du often in O.Ir., Wb. 5c14 , 33b6 ; Ml. 15a16 , 16a7 , 90a7 , b13 ; Acr. 13b3 ; Thes. ii 240.16 , 241.4 , 242.10 (Ardm.), 294.4 ( SP ii 16 ), 45.29 ; du Chaissil, AU 714 ; du for fogail, SCC § 13 . dó, Ml. 15d3 . dú, Wb. 5d19 .

In Mid and early Mod. Ir. often da, dá, esp. before cech: da cech tráth, LB 261b38 ; dá cech duine, PH 3985 ; dá bar n-óid, 5963 ; da gach nduine, Keat. iii 2087 (poem).

Vowel generally elided before vowel of f: d'agbáil, SCC § 29 . d'is cech réta, § 32 ( do facbail, Laws iv 206.14 ; do foghnumh, 250.6 Comm. ).

Freq. confused with 1 de, di, q.v.

With article: sg. dond irsolcoth, Wb. 22d27 . dond lethtomus, BCr. 31b3 . dund fercach, Ml. 22d13 . Thes. i 498.21 (Ardm.). dund insi, SCC § 17 . dunt foirbthetaid, Ml. 14c8 . dunt imluad, 15a17 . don chomursain, PH 2748 . don fhairind, 4959 . pl. donaib, Wb. 7b1 , Sg. 69b7 . dunaib, Acr. 8a2 . Thes. i 497.16 (Ardm.). dundaib (archaic), Thes. ii 247.12 ( Cambr. 38a ). donab, 33.28 . Mid. and mod. Ir. dona.

With art. and í: dond, Wb. 3c31 . pl. donaibhí, Sg. 156b7 . dunaibh, Wb. 2c10 . donahí, Ml. 46c7 .

With pron. suff.: 1 s. dom (usual in Wb. and Sg.), dam (in Ml.). domsa, Wb. 3c33 , etc. damsa, TBC-LL¹ 1110 . 2 s. duit (usual in Wb. and Sg.). dait common in Ml., TBC-I¹ 1056 , 1209 , 1334 (LU). deit, Wb. 6a11 , 12 ; 28d15 , etc. LL 275a50 . det, Wb. 5b29 . dit, 5b32 . Sg. 179a4 . TBC-I¹ 1056 , 1209 , 1334 (YBL). duid, TBC-I¹ 531 . daid, 1042 (YBL). duitt, PH 7915 . duitsiu, Wb. 6b14 . deitsiu, 30a8 . detsiu, 32c12 . détso, 6c7 . detsi, IT i 130.27 . dutsi, PH 4092 . 3 s. m. and n. commonly d, Wb. 1c12 ; 1d20 , etc. do, 2a2 ; 2c6 , etc. dóu, Trip. 218.24 . dou, Todd Lect. vi 57.10 . dáu, Trip.² 2862 . Trip. 338.22 . Thes. ii 294.3 ( SP ii 15 ). With emphasizing part. vowel usually short: dossom, Wb. 6d10 ; 9d8 . dosom, 3b7 , etc., Ml. 14a4 . f. d, Wb. 11c13 , etc. di, 7b3 . díi, Fél. 4.9 . With emphasizing part.: disi, ACL iii 309.10 . 1 p. dúnn, Wb. 2d13 ; 25c9 , etc. dunn, 26b1 . duún, 3a12 ; 4b10 ; 25c10 . dúun, 4b11 ; 10c21 . dún, 14c8 ; 20d15 , etc. dun, 14c9 . duin, FB § 49 . In later lang. dú(i)nn. With emphasizing part.: dúnni, Wb. 1a3 ; 3c15 . dunni, Ml. 110d12 , 13 . dúni, 121b13 . dúinniu, IT i 129.2 . dúnai (: clūdhai), ACL iii 298 § 58 . 2 p. dúib, Wb. 3b8 , 12 ; 6c25 , etc. duib, 13b3 ; 33b8 . duíb, 24a26 . In Mid. Ir. also dib, PH 761 , 1075 ; dib, 1433 . In later lang. daoibh. With emphasizing part.: dúibsi, Wb. 3b13 . dúbsi, 15d8 (a prima manu). 3 p. dóib, Wb. 6c24 ; 30d8 , etc. doib, 1d6 ; 12b2 . duaib, Thes. ii 238.13 ; 240.17 (Ardm.). dáib, PH 7392 . doaib, Sg. 50a3 . AU 687 , 797 . SR 7272 (sic leg.). With emphasizing part.: doibsom, Wb. 13a31 . ¤sem, 28d19 .

With poss. 1 s. dom: dum, Thes. ii 241.12 ; dumm imdídnaad, 13 . 2 s. dot: dut, Ml. 2d5 . Mid. Ir. dot, dod, do do. 3 s. dia; doa, Anecd. iii 48.5 ; 58.9 . 1 p. diar, Wb. 2d2 . dear (archaic), Thes. ii 245.8 (Cambr.) Mid.Ir. also dar: dár ṅdeeb-ni, PH 709 . 2 p. do far fírianugud, Wb. 3b27 . do bor mbrethugud, FB § 57 . do bar taig, SR 4829 . dia bhar saighidh, BNnÉ 303 § 12 . 3 p. dia n-. doa n-, Fianaig. 34.12 . Mon. Tall. § 59 , 62 . dua, RC xi 452.141 . Later also dá. See ZCP xxiv 227 ; xxv 254 .

With rel. dia n-: indí dia ruchretsid-si, Wb. 8c11 . intí dia ndílgid-si, 14d24 . secht mbráthre dia mbo . . . carcar, Fél. July 10 . dua mberar, Mon. Tall. § 11 . See 1 is. Mid. Ir. also da (dá): dontí da tucus, IT i 124.22 . With neg. dona, donach: dona-robu gnath, Ml. 129d3 . fer . . . dunar-ructhae act oentuistiu, Thes. ii 241.9 (Ardm.). do nach bis on to him who has it not, Laws iv 240 .

With alaile (araile): dialailiu, Ml. 87d13 . IT i 67.8 . díarailiu, FB § 55 . diaroli fir, PH 1483 .

To, for, etc. Used in O.Ir. Glosses (a) to translate Lat. ad, Wb. 3b14 ; 30d10 ; 16b5 (cid do uáir gl. etsi ad horam, the Lat. being literally translated), Tur. 35 . Ml. 15a16 ; 16a8 . Sg. 3b30 ; 67b10 ; 188a18 ; 217a7 . Thes. i 498.23 . (b) to render a dat., Wb. 9b8 ; 18c2 ; 28a5 . Ml. 2d10 ; 15b8b ; 17c11 . Sg. 20a6 ; 41b12 ; 69b7 ; 193a3 ; 209b6 ; 214a3 . Acr. 8a2 ; 13b3 . PCr. 65b2 . Thes. ii 34.29 ; cf. Caeur .i. do Chaieur (Cáieur being explained as dat. of Cáier), Corm. Y 698 . Hence:

A Introducing the terminus ad quem; in phrases expressing purpose, etc.

I Of destination after vbs. of motion, etc.: cumtach don fothu building to the foundation, Wb. 8c18 . téicht do Róim, Thes. ii 296.3 . lotar dia crích, FB § 56 . eirg dot thoigh, BS 44 . ho persin do persin, Sg. 209b12 . o thír do thír, SR 6835 . a inad d'inad, Laws iv 36.12 . With ellipse of vb. of motion: co cúalatar culgaire carpait dund insi (coming) to the island, SCC § 17 . Hence with pron. 3 s. n. expressing motion, see 2 dó. With abstracts: massu thol atomaig do that drives me to it, Wb. 10d26 . adcuiretar do hógi they return to integrity, Sg. 73b2 . Similarly in expressions like téit do applies to, téit do láim, gaibid do láim; dabeir d'a óid, etc. (see 1 téit, gaibid, lám, etc.).

II With follg. vn. in phrases expressing purpose.

(a) Prec. by vb.: is do immarchor chóre dotíagat it is to carry peace they come, Wb. 5a5 . todiusgadar ind anim do dénum maith, 5c18 . ní du for fogail dodeochammar-ni, SCC § 13 . dul d'fhios na sagart dá nglanadh, TSh. 375 . Cf. further: indíi adchobra-som do hícc those whom he desires to save, Wb. 28b1 . cid comarlecther foraib do daul immach that leave should be given them to go out, Mon. Tall. § 53 .

In prayers, wishes, etc., with ellipsis of vb.: Día dom chobair ar cech ṅguasacht (may) God (come) to my aid, Hy. vi 3 . cíall Dé dom imthus, Thes. ii 356.8 . dó (do +3 s. neut. pron.) to that end, for that purpose , anticipating a follg. vn. or clause or referring to a foregoing one: is do arroiéit-sa gratiam, do precept do chách, Wb. 6d14 . dó dobreth biad la Duid, | dia nertad, SR 6450 . acht má dothisad Arddrí secht nime dó ní reg-sa I will not go though . . . should come to force me, Trip.² 1355 . is do dodeochadsa . . . con-écius duib a scel-sa, Ériu ii 104 .

(b) Prec. by noun: dliged remdeicsen do dechrugud etir maithi ┐ ulcu a law of providence to distinguish between good and bad, Ml. 19d2 . huare nád robatar suin do shlund in dúildetad, Sg. 45b1 . nidat uain dia n-airlegunn thou hast no leisure to read them, Anecd. v 2 .

(c) Prec. by adj.: irlaim do dul bais, Wb. 16a3 . gilla comadas do faire dūine ríg, FB § 89 . is saidbir in spirut nóeb do thídnocul cecha maithiusa, PH 5454 . ni bfuil rí . . . is fearr do thabairt tuarustail, Ériu viii 136 . Cf. also: batar inricci du báas worthy of death, Wb. 5c14 .

III In follg. in sense of Eng. as (lit. for the purpose of being, to serve as): bíid-son do thogarthid this then is (for) a vocative, Sg. 78a2 . pauper laṡuide do fhemun he regards p. as a feminine, 64b5 . bíit a triur do anmaim ind eiúin gl. vultur et vulturus et vulturius, 93a2 . non fit do anmimm díles, 31b21 . conid riagolda caro dond ainmmnid c. is regular as the nominative, 93b5 ; 104b5 . mōrthar occa Cathluain . . . do rig foraibh, Todd Nenn. 140 . daine chaithit do biudh they eat human beings as food, RC xxxiv 308 . ó taoi dam' iarraidh d'óglách since you want me for a servant, A. Ó Dálaigh l 16 .

IV With vn. to express the idea of entering upon or continuing in a state or action: a mbátar do lepthugud when they were (on the point of?) going to bed IT i 67 . cid 'mo atai diar lenamuin? why art thou pursuing us? SR 1722 . mun beith cailleach an mhuilinn d'atach Christ frim, BS 122 . Impers.: do muintir in fhir atathar do crochad, PH 3172 . Used redundantly: int Ísu oc a raba Hiruath d'iarraid, 2841 . in banliccerd occatathar d'iarraid, Anecd. iv p. xvi = oc atathar cuingidh, p. 93 .

With poss. in passive sense: an uair bhíos dá chor amach when he is being evicted, TSh. 794 . go raibhe dá ilchéasadh so that he was being tortured, 564 .

V The construction subst. + do + vn. In sentences of the type (a) ansu liumsa ind oís anechtir dia fius it is more grievous to me that the outland folk should know it, Wb. 16d12 (where ind oís is virtual subject of the vn.) and (b) ní date leu in coimdiu do crochad it is not agreeable to them that the Lord was crucified (lit. to crucify the Lord), 8a6 (where in coimdiu is virtual object of the vn.), the O.Ir. construction is identical; in both sentences the case of the nouns oís , coimdiu is determined by their syntactical relation to the whole sentence, that of subject, while do + vn. stands in syntactical relation not to the whole sentence but to the noun, its function being that of a gerund. Similarly in the sentence: cocarad chaingnimu du denum he loved to do good deeds, Ml. 14a8 , the subst. caingnímu is the object of the sentence while du denum has the meaning for the doing, to be done. Exceptions are, however, frequent, see below. In each of the sections 1-4 the subsection (a) consists of exx. where the subst. is the virtual subject of the vn., (b) of exx. where it is the virtual object.

1 Subst. is subject of the whole sentence and therefore nom. case.

(a) dofórmaich fochricc dosom sochude do creittim tria precept that a multitude has believed through his preaching increaseth the reward for him, Wb. 1b5 . issed as brig la Dia menmae do biuth hi figraib that the mind should be in the symbols, Thes. ii 255.13 . saoth lem int aos leigind do dul ind ifern, ZCP viii 470 . ba lonn lais in mnai cuil do bith oc Hiruath he was indignant that the adulteress should be with H., PH 861 . (Infl. of Lat. accus. and infin. constr.?)

(b) is maith int óis éula do accaldam, Wb. 3c4 . is bésad leusom in fid do thóbu, 5b42 . nipu techta in briathar diadhai . . . do scriphund ind oenluc, Hib. Min. 96 . is cóir ind almsu do thabairt, PH 6136 . With accus. of subst. (in first two exx. perh. dat. for nom.): is ferr dó in almsain do thabairt, PH 4969 (= melius est elimosinam dare, LB 47b55 ). dlegar dínn ar n-imcaissin do thimorcain, PH 6870 . ba machtnadh lasna Felistindaibh na fioru nomarbdais d'faicsin do cathughadh friu, Leb. Gab.(i) 146 .

2 Subst. as object of sentence (rarer in O.Ir.).

(a) nisn-águr dom díchill I do not fear that they will neglect me, Hy. v 105 . rocúala in n-eress cetna do fhorbairt, Thes. ii 311 . ni fitir in mnai dia brath he knew not that the woman was betraying him, SR 3207 . rocuala Sattan in uli noemu do shubugud, PH 3819 . With nom. for accus.: cuirfid [diabul] na boill d'fhognum do fén, 7799 . atfét Lucás aingil do thidecht do nim, 3043 .

(b) cocarad chaingnimu du denum, Ml. 14a8 . itconnacabar bar náimtiu do bádud, PH 1713 . forcongair D. cnamu do thabairt hi cuthi, 1219 . With nom. for accus.: atbert fria múintir int apstal do thuarcain, PH 2141 . atbert Ner na hapstail do cúibrech, 1858 . atcondairc-som ind figeill . . . do dílgud, Mon. Tall. § 22 .

3 Subst. is governed by a prep.

(a) for riaguil do buith isnaib anmanaib-se dotėt híc he touches on the fact that there is a rule, Sg. 108a3 . fre terci . . . do tecmung, Mon. Tall. § 12 .

(b) hua anmmaim ailiu do thórmuch friss, Sg. 30b4 . Cain Patraic . . . cen chleirciu do marbad, Thes. ii 306 . tria doirse . . . na cathrach do forbrissiud, SR 5348 . ar meisge ó chaoraibh na fíneamhna d'ithe, TSh. 8421 .

4 Subst. in genitive relation to sentence.

(a) cui[n]chid flaithiusa Dé do thuidecht, PH 7907 .

(b) cen imcabáil `cum nobis' do epirt, Sg. 203a8 . ruc leis tásc a muintiri do marbad do E., FB § 69 . tar cend cissa ┐ indmussa do thabairt do, PH 51 . ré linn choróine do chur ar an impire, TSh. 661 .

5 The construction subst. + do + vn. may be used absolutely with force of the Lat. gerundive: ind .u. do accomol frisin fers ṅdédenach the `u' is to be added, Sg. 136a2 . um do glanad i nderiud ferso `um' is to be elided, 136a1 . Hence in continuation of prec. clause: dia n-oscailter in chomla sa ┐ diabul do ligad istech if . . . and the devil be admitted, PH 7797 . is mairg thic annsa saegul-sa ┐ na huilc-si do thecht trit, 7791 .

6 Subst. + do + vn. replacing finite tenses (esp. in annals): Góidil immorro do rad dib o Goediul Glas they are called G., Thes. ii 316 . Lugaig du gabail rige nErenn took the kingship of Ireland, MacCarthy 306 . bellum do madhmaim for hU Fiachrach, AU 815 .

B Introducing a dative.

I Introducing indirect object (generally name of a person).

(a) With trans. vbs. denoting giving, granting, assigning, offering, etc.: do-beir, daimid, do-indnaig, dálaid etc. (see under individual vbs.). With vbs. of telling, revealing, promising, etc.: in-fét (ad-fét), as-indet, (Mid. Ir. indissid), do-adbat, do-airchain, etc. Under the same head may be placed cases like: hore doninfedam etargne Crist do chách we inspire in all, Wb. 14d32 ; do Christ cachain ailli unto C. he sang praise, Fél. Apr. 26 . Exceptionally with as-beir says: asbert G. do na feoldenmaigib, PH 1432 . With vbs. of ordering, commanding, advising, etc.: lasse forcongur fírinni dúib, Wb. 19d25 . rohordaig in guth dona nemdaib, SR 606 . ro erb don mac mebrugud a aiccepta, Fél. p. 12 . molaid do advises (but molaid + acc. praises ). With vbs.of forgiving, remitting: dorolaig Dia do in n-uaill dorigni, Ml. 50d15 . romaith C. a dá trían . . . dá thigernu, LL 111b40 ( RC xiv 430 ). With vbs. of asking, entreating, praying, etc.: frecre do neoch immechomarcar duit, Sg. 197b10 . condartin do arrogáid dom what he asked of me, 209b26 . cech ní rochuinges do Dia, Thes. ii 318.39 . With vbs. of ascribing, referring, imputing, etc.: a n-adruirmed do Abracham what has been reckoned unto A., Wb. 2d7 . duaisilbi do a scribend, Thes. ii 225.28 . So also with as-beir ascribes; assigns (a name), calls: asbeir-som a n-accobor don spirut, Wb. 4b3 . ní eperr acht hilar dóib do-gres (referring to Gemini), Sg. 73a11 . is airi asberthe emisarius don buc the goat was called `emissarius', Tur. 110e . Similarly with vbs. of naming, gairmid, ainmnigid. With vbs. of allowing: issamlid léicfimmi-ni doibsom aisndis, Ml. 14d10 . nir fulaing d'ēnduine a glacudh, ZCP ix 248 . With vbs. of causing, doing (someth. to someone): imfolngi comrorcain do sochaidi, Ml. 56b9 . dogní trumai ndo causes heaviness to it, 20a19 . Of comparing, adapting, etc.: ithé sidi conṅdelggaddar do persanaib, Sg. 39a11 . dligid is entitled to takes do (later de) of pers. (see dligid).

(b) Freq. in intrans. constr. with vbs. denoting to serve, yield, obey; rule; oppose, injure, offend; satisfy, please; believe, trust; thank (atluchedar buide); assent; greet; answer, correspond; suit; indulge, spare, pity, etc.; deny, refuse (a number of these verbs show other constructions also, see s.v.): bad dú Dia fognem gl. Domino servientes, Wb. 5d19 . roirladigsetar genti do hiriss, 7c16 . sléchtid Isserninus du Pátricc, Thes. ii 241 . Currech Life . . . is terc rí dia rodamain to whom he yielded, Metr. Dinds. iii 234 . tigernaigit ┐ follamnaigit do na cóic gradaib, PH 6242 . cor urchoidigh a truma dóibh, CCath. 2075 . manu toltnaiged do, Sg. 72b6 . rochreitset do precept, Wb. 24d23 . atluchur do Dia, 3b19 . an olcc dia cocéitbani to which thou consentest, 1c10 . co robennach cach díb dia chele, Thes. ii 335 . frisgair in testemin-se dondaib dligedaib, Sg. 193b6 . immidaircet do Christ which are appropriate to C., Ml. 2d4 . arcessi do neoch bes meldach less, Wb. 4c19 . dlomis Fíacc dóib, Thes. ii 242 . Also with vbs. of happening, befalling, meeting, etc. , including certain cases of intrans. vbs. of motion: ni do cach brethir tecming persona not all vbs. have personal inflection, Sg. 161a1 . is ann dorala dosom a denam, Thes. ii 299 . amal forcoémnacair do Loegairiu, FB § 83 . doroacht saegul sír damsa, Ériu iv 132 . intan tanic dó lobrai, Thes. ii 318 .

(c) With many adjs. and abstracts denoting proximity, likeness, equality, identity and their opposites; relationship; figurative relations (fitness, propriety, possession, etc.) and feelings (in sense towards, Lat. erga). In many cases it is hard to decide whether the ex. belongs to this or the following section (II): is nesa do geintib, Wb. 2b17 . fri praenomen cosmail do, Sg. 28a15 . is cotarsne don dúalig in sualig, Wb. 9b8 . immar-bdais meic dó, PH 4097 . húere atta mbrāthir dūnd since they are kinsmen of ours, ZCP viii 316 . combat irlithi geinti do hiriss obedient to the faith, Wb. 7c14 . is do is dír anní is psalmus , Hib. Min. 281 . is foluss dún it is evident to us, Sg. 40b14 . rop trócar rí nime dún, Hy. vi 23 . do bhádar cennsa do Chiarán, SG 3 . serc Dǽ dúibsi et for serc-si do Dia `God's love to you' (rather your love for God, etc. , see III (c) below), Wb. 18b21 . is miscuis do Dia, 3d33 . écennais . . . do na pecdachaib, PH 3478 . do marbadh iad ó esgcáirdib dhóib by enemies of theirs, SG 7 .

(d) After certain interjections: monuar dhamh, BS 40 . ach ach do ail alas for the stone! LL 181a32 . ach do phéin, ACL iii 236 § 10 . uch d'aithis, LB 106b57 . uchachan . . . don gabad fil ar mo chinn, ACL iii 233 . fochen duit a Loig, SCC § 16 (cf. fochen Conall . . . fochen Cet, IT i 103 , 104 ). mochen duib, IT i 99 .

II Introducing the person (or thing) interested in an action, state, event, or circumstance.

1 Dat. of interest in strict sense (including the dativus commodi vel incommodi) after vbs., substantives, and adjs.

(a) fo besad fir trebuir crenas tíir dia chlaind, Wb. 29d23 . condaig indocbáil dia thigerni et non sibi ipsi , 8d20 . roshuidig . . . manistir dó (= sibi monasterium conlocavit), Lat. Lives 91 . tafnetar coin alta dí wolves hunted (it) for her, Hy. v 60 . ni accim maith dúib I see no good for you, TBC-LL¹ 1780 . noco treciub duit . . . immāin tāna bó Cualṅge I will not abandon for thy sake, 1661 . dona hurtroighib rodolba Banba do macaib Miled which B. fashioned for (= against) the sons of M., Corm. Y 949 (dat. incomm.). nech diuscai debuith dia brathair who stirs up mischief against, Ériu vii 162 . cuimnigidh . . . do clandaibh Cuinn a n-anuabhar remember against, ZCP xiv 229 .

Freq. with parts of body, somet. in combination with a poss. pron.: ní forroim cid drisiuc for toind dó, TBC-I¹ 1206 . co rogab sonn in dúne dóib dar sróin, Metr. Dinds. iii 82 . gebid dúrna dar a gnúis dó, PH 2331 .

The dat. incommodi is freq. after vbs. (both trans. and intrans.) denoting a hostile movement, attack, etc.: dosleic dóib he shoots at them, SCC § 7 . focherd N. aurchor dó, TBC-I¹ 1292 . rodibairg in ngai dó, RC iii 178 . atraig cech fer di alailiu, IT i 67 . dús in fagbad . . . taidbsiu (leg. taidbsin?) do thir na talmain, SR 2584 , cf. 5823 . mairfit Ulaid a mblechtach do gressaib ┐ glammaib . . . dar cend a n-enig the U. will kill their milch-kine (to ward off) attacks and lampoons (in Folge von Beleidigungen und Satiren, Wind.), TBC-LL¹ 1737 .

(b) After nouns and adjs.: rop ámm tusmeda do mnái in rig, Lat. Lives 66 . oénach diar n-ócaib a gathering-place for our youths, Metr. Dinds. ii 80 . lx bliadan robo lān do Patraic, Thes. ii 313 . ba terc cach n-adbar dó, Imr. Brain i 52 . in lám is dílmain dom my disengaged hand, Fél. p. 200 . Esp. after a subst. employed as pred. with the copula: sóire do chách ar sóire-ni, Wb. 14b11 . togu damsa aní sin, Thes. ii 225.18 . issi in bānmartre du duiniu, 247 . ní lesainm dait Cuculaind, FB § 11 . anas muir glan don nói . . . is mag meld . . . damsa, Imr. Brain § 34 .

Note also: attroilli dúnn delegi (= diligi) a nobis he deserves of us to be loved by us, Wb. 2d13 . is doib-sin rochan in senchaid of them the shanachie has sung, Fianaig. 4 . sir in baile . . . don litin search the town for the porridge, SG 243 . do bhatur . . . ag iarraidh Erenn do scela Tana, ZCP ix 244 . atcondairc-siom ind figeill . . . do dílgud i Tamlachti do Chaindech excused for (in honour of) C., Mon. Tall. § 22 .

2 After the copula folld. by an adj. or abstract denoting what is desirable, advantageous, usual, fit, lawful, right, indifferent, necessary, etc. , or the reverse, for a person, the virtual subject being generally a vn., infinitive phrase or clause, e.g. is áil (maith, olc, mairg, bés, gnáth, cet, cóir, dliged, geiss, cumme, écen, etc.) dó; further in a variety of expressions such as: is fír (gó) dó; is cian (éim, fota, mithid) dó. For exx. see these words, and cf. further: nír fhírda dó dul don chath, SR 6903 . ba féliu duit th'immfholuch oldás teiched it were nobler for you to hide yourself, TBC-LL¹ 1973 . is col dúin dia foirglem it is a sin for us to assert it, Fél. Ep. 98 . cathugud ceilgi as clē dūind, ACL iii 327 § 30 . ni hidan lais dondhí da taberr a thaechtad he does not consider it clean dealing for the person . . . to keep it, Mon. Tall. § 41 . Contrast: is maith dom it is good for me with is m. limm I deem it a good thing: is lesc lim-sa inní sin, bar C., teiched ria n-oenfer . . . Ni lesc ám duit-siu ón, bar F., dáig techfet-sa remut-su, TBC-LL¹ 2875 . ní ba fochen leu a forcital the teaching will not be welcome to them, Wb. 30d7 . is fochen dóib they are welcome, IT i 99 . is ced dó a bith marb masa ced ra Dia let him die (lit. he has leave to die) if God permits, Moling § 62 . in annso is áil duit airisiumh? — Massedh as áil le Dia, as ann, BNnÉ 17 § 30 . in tol damsa . . . anadh sunn? is it (God's) will for me to remain here? 79 § 152 .

3 Used as the Lat. dativus ethicus (dative of pers. interested in a statement) with an imperative; only with pronouns: an dún we pray thee to wait, CRR § 6 . apair dam fri mac Saráin, Ériu iii 96 § 1 . teilg-su dún orchur forru, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 . ling dūinn lēim dona lēimennuibh sin rolingthea, BS 62 .

4 Used with subst. vb. to denote loosely possession, appurtenances, etc. ; freq. with an adv. of place, in which case it is hardly to be distinguished from cases given under II 1 (a) above: issed file do hodie this is (the form) it has at present, Sg. 140a3 . ataat ilsenman dosuidiu it has many sounds, Wb. 12c46 . dechor inna pían bete donaib pecthachaib, 13c26 . fail a mor-abba dam I have good cause, TBC-LL¹ 219 . ni bia tarba do draidechta duit, PH 2187 . ni be mundteras dó fri banscala let him have no friendship with women, Mon. Tall. § 61 . Exceptionally with copula: ? combed doib foraithmet bed torbach that there should be to them a profitable recollection, Ml. 23a2 . bid duit rige Lagen co brath, Thes. ii 341.19 . céinmair dia mba findchride, Imr. Brain § 28 .

5 With subst. vb. in the idiom: atú dó I am concerned with him, have to deal with him, generally with hostile significance I am angry with him, have something against him; oft. in impers. constr.: ished inso romboth dossom that is why they were angry with him, Wb. 19a9 , cf. 5b31 . is hed dathar dún gl. maledicimur quod speramus, 28d4 , cf. 21c9 . ni nach cin aile notaid dom it is for no other fault you are hostile to me, 19d26 . cid tai-siu don mac? what have you against the lad? TBC-LL¹ 1041 , cf. 940 , 1144 . rohinnisedh dó in fāth 'ma rabas dó, Moling § 51 . cidh 'ma bfuile damh?, ZCP x 10 . tacram a scel . . . atái dam `the matter with which thou reproachest me', Ériu vii 225 . The idiom: cid di atái? what ails thee? LL 202a9 , where do is used with neut. rel. pron., may perhaps rather be explained as an elliptical construction under the head A II; as also the later idiom: gá táim dó (why should I dwell on it?): furtacht Banba . . . gá ttá mé dho . . . ag so an té dar tairrngireadh, 3 C 3, 633.11 .

6 Used with ellipse of copula in the interrogation cid dó . . . ? why (does) he . . . ? (lit. what is it to him? with emphasis on pron.): cid dait gan a gabail aní gabas cách? why dost thou not take . . . ? TBC-LL¹ 3042 . cid dún can techt i n-agid Conculaind? why should we not go? TBC-I¹ 1484 (LU). cid duit mo ṡarugadh-sa do dhenamh?, ZCP viii 553 . cid dait-siu ná bad lat in curathmír why shouldst not thou have the champion's bit? FB § 8 .

7 Often used in impers. constr. after the copula to introduce the virtual subj. when the predicate is (a) an adverbial expression, or somet. (b) an adj., or (c) an interrog. adv.

(a) ní úainni duib-si ye are not from us, Wb. 18b9 . ní i n-óen diaithir doib they are not in one orbit, BCr. 18d5 . fora fóessam dún may we be under their protection, Hy. v 106 . bá doigh leo comad a sídib di, TE § 5 ( IT i 120 ). fa righ ┐ sagart Melcisideic ┐ mar an gceudna do Chríost, Eochairsg. 26 . Especially after DE followed by noun in pl. to denote class to which the virtual subject belongs (see Bergin, Ériu xi 149 ): de Iudéib do Barnaip, di geintib do Thit B. was a Jew, T. a Gentile, Wb. 18d6 . di Grecaib dóib huili, Sg. 31b2 . robo do mnáib glicca in domain di, Acall. 7426 . Note also: is de corpore dissi (i.e. the eye), Wb. 12a26 . Freq. joined with expressions of time, the copula being omitted: bliadain lan dó oc tinól na flede, FB § 1 . for tuili doib . . . cethracha lá ┐ aidche, SR 2523 , cf. 4820 .

(b) ní segda dom, Trip.² 1765 . madh calma duitsiu inā dósom if thou art more valiant than he, Ériu v 152 . conadh treisi don toictiu inas duin that Fate is stronger than we, CCath. 4072 .

(c) can duibse? whence are ye? Sg. 242a2 . can deit a ingen? TE § 5 ( IT i 120 ). cinnas do a rad . . . ? why should he say . . .?, Thes. ii 311.19 . cinnus do sluagh tire Temrach? how is it with the host . . .?, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 .

8 Freq. used after vbs. in impers. construction, esp. compds. with imm- denoting reciprocal action: ní 'manacige dó frim-sa he shall not see me, Ériu ii 194 . comorogaib dóib a ndís the pair grappled with each other, Metr. Dinds. iii 82 . imatarla doib, Anecd. v 11 . imatarraid dūn, ib. immotaéth dóib both sides will fall, LL 275a30 . immacomsinitar dóib, FB § 38 . With intrans. vbs.: ó thánic dóib co dérgud, FB § 80 . ó do chomraic dóib i n-aeninud when they met, SG 360 . anais don Caillin i Tul[aig] C. remained, Fen. 180 . With subst. vb.: fil dún ó thossuch dúle cen áiss we are without age, Imr. Brain § 44 . fochtus Diarmait innus na bé ndi, RC xi 129 . Cf. further: robá-sa i n-imṡnim mor . . . co roglé dam till I arrived at a decision, IT i 98 . co roglé dó a caithim uile, BNnÉ 300 . co tair damh-sai aislingi . . . d'indisin duit till I have finished telling you my dream, MacCongl. 117 . With ellipse of vb.: as tir duit get thee out of the country, RC xx 24 . dún sís dond ath down with us to the ford, TBC-I¹ 1193 . dochum na chuchdiri dóib, Mon. Tall. § 12 .

III Introducing agent after passive (finite), verbal of necess., and (most freq.) vn.

(a) After pass. vb.: imberthar fidcella dún let us play chess, SCC § 3 . toirimt[h]er tōraind in lis don mnái, Corm. Y 502 . doberar dam duid gid ni nar chuindgis thou shalt receive from me, YBL 167a4 . doces do co roba ben he perceived (it seemed to him?) that it was a woman, Todd Nenn. 210 . cumachta na flatha dia tardad in fín, LL 282b3 `by whom the wine was given', Meyer, GJ iv 217 .

(b) After verbal of necess. and participial adjs. compounded with in-: ní tabarthi dímess do neoch for nach n-énirt, Wb. 6c19 . ni denti duib-si anisin, Ml. 82a7 . connarb inríata dó in chonar, FB § 36 . is inchreidte dóibh they ought to believe, Eochairsg. 21.34 .

(c) After vn. both of trans. and intrans. vbs.: airitiu colno do Christ, Wb. 31d2 . tre atlogud buide donaib nóibaib thanksgiving by the saints, 17a3 . slige dund aingiul inna nAssar the slaying of the A. by the angel, Ml. 16c12 . rena richtin du Pool before P. reached it, Thes. i 495 ( Ardm. 107b ). fer do marbad do Moise, SR 3726 . scrin Dochoma do briseadh doaibh, AU 797 . (Intrans. vb.) magthad lasuidiu cretem do geintib, Wb. 5a1 . oc techt dam dar Maig L., SCC § 34 . buid domsa i n-iriss, Wb. 5b20 . iure feidligthe disi i n-ógi by the principle of its remaining in integrity, Sg. 16a14 .

With IAR and vn.: iarna grísad dond araid on being urged on by the charioteer, FB § 43 . iar ndiultad do Petar a thigerna, PH 605 . iar mbeith ceangailte d'ár lámhaibh (= ligatis manibus), TSh. 6762 . ar gclos a anma d'Éirinn, SG 1 .

éilnithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éilnithe or dil.ie/19793

Forms: éilnigthe, éillidi

io-iā (part. of as-lena) later éilnigthe (éilnigid) corrupted, defiled (physically or morally) : is éilnithe a menme (gl. inquinatae) Wb. 31b29 . ni éilnithe accomol Crist et na æcilso, 22c11 . g s m. éillidi (gl. violate (Legis) following the gender of Ir. recht = L. lex) Ml. 63a16 . maith [ = mad] tria chath n-imrati bith elnithi nech `si quis impugnatione cogitationis pollutus fuerit' Ériu vii 144 § 27 . nā ro trēiccem commām...nemhēilnidhe ar cēle...i. Iosa Crist...ar commām n-ēlnidhe a moghadh, Scúap Chráb. § 37 ( Otia ii 100 ). Corrupted, rotted : cuirp élnide, TTr.² 904 . isin corp n-élnide o peccthaib, PH 5333 . in biadh...biaidh 'na otrach éilnidhe, SG 28.41 . níor ḟéd fuirech fair istaigh rá méd rob élneighthe an t-aér isin tigh sin, TFrag. 26.1 .

forcométas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forcométas or dil.ie/23481

n m.

(a) keeping, preserving: f.¤accomol ind óintuisil i persanaib écsamlib, Sg. 208a10 . isind forcometas (gl. in asservatione) Ml. 29c3 . cf. 55d7 .

(b) watching, observing: bottar ... oc forcomedus Con Culainn dūss an raghadh, RC xiii 31.5 ( ZCP iv 177 ).

1 il

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 il or dil.ie/27239
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: iliu, hil, n-ili, il, lia, lia, il, ilága, il, il, il-

adj i (orig. u, GOI § 358 ). As subst. a p. iliu, O'Dav. 621. LL. 119b50 . Sg. form of adj. with pl. noun : nidat glain for n-adbai hil (: dil), SR 7996.

With a noun in pl. many, numerous: atá n-ili dána in spirto `that the Spirit's gifts are many,' Wb. 12a11 . it corp in boill-sin cit íli, 12a13 . arnaib réib ilib, 22a8 . inna leri ili gl. operas multas, Ml. 28c2 . os ní ili `we many', 43a6 . rugil (gl. nonnullo= rug-il `sehr viel'), ZCP vii 488 § 41 , cf. GOI § 366. co mmárbuidin martrae | naptar ili lochtae, Fél. March 18. fertae amrai ili | dogénatar airi, ib. Ep. 175. it ile imda mo anmandsa cheana, BDD² 554. ili insi Mod ... ili tonna mara : liä dāma Domnaill, Bruchst. i § 12 . bātar ili Cothraige | cetharthrebe dia fognad `many were there whom C. ... used to serve,' Thes. ii 309.3 . do flaithib ilib echtrandaib, Laws ii 308.17 . di each dec diamut ili sealbu `if they have belonged to various owners,' v 242.10 Comm. robdar úaite a n-éolaig ┐ robdar ile a n-anéolaich, Ériu iv 126.10 . fíad andrib ilib, LU 3902. ili ceanna, ūatte enech, ZCP viii 195 § 10. bid uaite bar n-airchisechtai, bidt ile bar námait, Alex. 223. go ro chaoininn m'ulca ile, Measgra D. 42.27 .

With a noun in sg. manifold, much, great: cosin taidbse il gl. cum multa ostensione, Ml. 30b11 . in tomais il .i. in toimseo truim (gl. multi ponderis), 20a21 . bith cen ṡeotu | arlicud il | ilar carat `much lending,' Tec. Corm. § 14.29 .

As subst. many, a multitude: tresa n-íccatar híli `through which many may be saved,' Wb. 27c20 . do ṡlund hile `to signify many,' Sg. 28b24 . ní derscaigi in comparit di hilib a cheneiuil feissin, 40a6 . a n-il gl. multum, Ml. 43d23 . aisnefimit uáiti do ilib dib `de multis pauca perstringemus,' Lat. Lives 45.7 . togaethfaid sochaide soifid iliu, LL 119b50 . gellfat-sa de fīad ile in the presence of many, ZCP x 41.22 . co ttangattar ili diabhal ina thimcheall, BNnÉ 6 § 19. tidhnacul mbīdh ... coemthach n-ile, ACL iii 296 § 41. fechtas for iliu oenfer `which one man wreaks upon many,' O'Dav. 621. ar ilib ... ┐ ní ar na huilib dóinib `pro multis .. non pro omnibus,' PH 5227. dú in ro marbhadh íle, AFM i 440.9 . cf. ile .i. iomad, no iolardha, O'Cl.

Equative: con bús lir bommanna ega, TBC-LL¹ 5949. comtar lir gainem mara ... a lleithchind ┐ a llethchloicne ..., RC iii 177.29 . For compar. : comtís lir a mmairb anda a mbí, TBC-LL¹ 6006. at lir turim thrá frassa na saiget past counting, LU 2212. With compar. ending for comparative : is liriu feoir no folt fidbuide `more numerous than ...,' Ir. Gl. p. 70 n . Compar. lia more, more numerous, greater: nabad lia diis no thriur `let it not be more than ...,' Wb. 13a4 . lia gl. plures, Sg. 41a9 . air robtar lia sidi ol mbatar maicc israhel, Ml. 123a8 . ce beth lin is lia do crichaib eturru `a greater number of territories,' Laws i 222.z Comm. lia ceasta canoine nā canoin, ocus lia aicned inā udaras, iii 32.8 Comm. at líu luibni fidbad fann | no ruibni rinndglan retglann, SR 7291. is lia indisi ┐ epirt a ndo ligdath doadbat `beyond telling,' Ériu ii 114 § 39. is lia turem tra ┐ aisneis ina mboí dí degmnáib and, LU 8416. ni ḟil nech is lia seóit ... andú-sa, TBC-LL¹ 59. níba lia in rí is taig andā-side `the king had not more people ...,' ZCP xii 272.30 . bid lia a mairb lais na hoirgne andáta a mbí, BDD² 801. longes ba liu andasaide, Cog. 228.14 . ar mhodh nach liadh da a gceannuibh ina da gceudfadhuibh (=quot capita, tot sententiae), Luc. Fid. 333.4 . iomdha fochuinn as a bfoil | fearg ag Chríosd re cloinn Ádhaimh | ... lia tobar na trócuire ` stronger ,' Dán Dé xxi 12. is lia ná soin daonnacht Dé greater , x 12 . am lia d'ḟios is d'ealadhain `I am richer in knowledge ...,' Content. xiv 10. Ír, ní raibhe laoch ba lia `no warrior was greater,' Keat. ii 747. With de : nocha liauite in biadh `the food is not the more plentiful,' Laws ii 28.17 Comm. is liate in da urlabra `the more lengthy,' Auraic. 635. indar leosom gach imat cruth bias fora ndee is liai-di a cumhachta, Marco P. § 152. liaide duine ag dul 'n-a teach | cor na gcreach ar Muire amach, DDána 21 § 16. lía assa lía more and more numerous: lia sa lia an t-aos ealodhna, Ériu v 52.10 . lia sa lia treablaid is teadhma, Dán Dé xii 2. cóir cungnamh as lia sa lia, DDána 34 § 9. lía assa chách more and more numerous: ┐ ni lia 'sa cach iad ┐ ni huaiti, YBL 85a23 . Superl. issē mac dian lia eōlas i nĒrind, Ériu viii 156.7 . ar an leirg bhus lia duine very numerous ?, DDána 24 § 8. corn lán as lia trócuire, A. Ó Dálaigh ix 1. fód as lia iasg ar abhann, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 8 § 3 v.l. an tráth as teirce an fhéile | 's as lia lucht an toibhéime, L. Cl. A. B. 64.154 . lia toimhdeadh atá don fhior very many , 174.61 .

Adv. ind il greatly: multum .i. is ind il as ferr iudeus quam gentilis, Wb. 2a4 . With de : is lia de creitfess `the more ,' 23b7 .

Compds. il is most commonly compounded with plur. nouns, but may also be compounded with nouns of a collective or abstract character, e.g. il-chésad, il-chonách, il-ecor, il-ḟodlaidetu. ¤adbai many dwellings: dia n-ergnaib, dia n-iladbaib, SR 7264. ¤adbara many materials ? : ri secht nimi, rí talman, | ardruiri na n-iladbar, 7734 . ¤ág manifold combat, many fights: g. (? s. or p.) airm ilága , TBC-LL¹ 4105. ¤aicdi many materials: rasilsat i. adhamrai ann .i. nemaind Locha Lein, Anecd. ii 6.6 . ¤aicmi many races, many families: nicon fogail hilltuathai ┐ hilaicme fear talman, Alex. 236. ¤airdbe many slayings: bé dia mbiat ilardbe | eter Ulto erredaib, IT i 69.9 . ¤airm many weapons: dia n-ilarmib, SR 732. ¤anman many names: ilanman domber doib du(a)id 'many names which David gives to them', Études Celt. xl 65 ( Ml. 48c34 ​). ainmnigud oen folaid húa ilanmmanaib, Sg. 30a5 . ¤arda many heights: dor-riagat ilardae uisscib indberaib, BDD² 455. ¤átha many fords: for ilathaib Boinde, YBL 173b52 . m'oenur dam ar ilathaib, TBC-LL¹ 2336. co mensat (leg. memsat, Ed.) ort forsna ilathu, LU 6097. ¤baill many limbs: dorígeni dia corp ... ó ilballaib, Wb. 12a29 . ¤bélrae, ¤bérlai, ¤bérlada n. later m. many languages: is ferr precept oldaas labrad ilbéelre, 12d7 . ni labrátar uili ó ilbélrib, 12b22 . do fogluim na n-ilberla fon doman, Laws i 20.7 Comm. iar cumasc na n-ilbérlae `after the confusion of tongues,' Ériu iv 140.21 . eoin ... cantai ilcheolu i n-ilbelraib, ii 118 § 54 . áit ionar thiodhnuic Día ilbhérladha an domhain do Neamhrúadh, IGT Introd. 3.12 . ¤benna many horned animals: il-benda, Laws i 64.9 . ¤berta ` many burdens,' many tasks ?: gessa ┐ i. bítis for Coinculainn, RC xiv 398 § 1. ¤blassa see blas. ¤blátha many blossoms: forsnig inna hilblátha, Imr. Brain § 6. ¤blíadnai many years: ecmaing bátir ilblédni, § 62. demun oca himluad fri hil-bliadnu, PH 1990. ¤brecht(n)ugud great diversification, great variegation: hilbrectnugud retland roglan i n-aidchi réoid, TBC-LL¹ 5048. ilbrechtnugud cech datha inti, Acall. 5454 n. ilbrechtugud, 7168 . ¤brechtrad, ¤mrechtrad manifold variety: adiecta cona n-ilmrechtrud, Sg. 29b6 . hilbrectradh ndath n-éxamail na cathsciath, CCath. 1728. as lais tuccadh ilbrechtradh gacha datha i n-edighibh ar tús, AFM i 42.z . ¤bríathra many words: mrechtrad inna n-ilbriathar, Ml. 122d11 . ¤brugai (see mruig) g p. imtiagad breatha ilbruige `the judgments on the various farms vary,' Laws v 466.15 . ¤búada many victories, many outstanding qualities: dia n-ilbuadaib, SR 716. ra bátar ilbuada ilarda ... for Coinculaind, TBC-LL¹ 660. innisidh a iolbhuadha, DDána 67 § 23. ¤búaid great excellence ?: lat mac n-oebind co n-ilbúaid, SR 2864. ¤buidne many bands: na hilbuidni airridrici, TTebe 1444 . ¤chaingni many affairs, many troubles: ba mertnech Moisi ... fri hi., SR 4542. ¤chatha many battles: fri frithalim n-i., 5058 . ¤chathraig many cities: Sg. 13a2 . a n-ilchathrachaib tíre Iúda, PH 3675. ¤chelga many treacheries: a fhír-indilltech na n-il-chelg n-exsamail, 8174 . ¤chella many churches : et fundavit il-cella i nDáil Araidi, Lat. Lives 34.13 . ¤chenéle many kinds: ataat i. bérli isin biuth so, Wb. 12d4 . ¤chennadacha many provinces: do luid ri Eoganachta for creich ┐ innrudh ilchendadhach, YBL 1a16 . ¤chenna many heads: tolaib ilchend (of a beast), SR 882. ¤chéola, ¤chéol many melodies, many harmonies, manifold music: binnithir ilcheólu in domain ..., LU 2034. co srethaib ... ilchéolaib, SR 992. parrthus cona thairthib ┐ cona il-cheolaib, YBL 157a16 . binn leisna harcainglibh ilcēol na hēnlaithe, ZCP viii 199 § 5. seinn i., Studies 1919, 611 § 1 . ¤cherda many crafts, many accomplishments: batar hi. inganta leo, PH 889. go ráith bhfódsgoraigh na n-ilcheard n-éagsamhail, DDána 70 § 14. ioldanach .i. duine lan d'ealadhnaib no d'ilcheardaib, O'Cl. ¤chésad ` act of torturing in various ways' : go raibhe dá il-chéasadh ann (i.e. in Hell), TSh. 564. ¤chéta many hundreds: tríasna hilchéta blíedne, Imr. Brain § 65. co ruc il-chéta bó as, RC xvii 363.8 . ¤chethrai many cattle, cattle of various kinds: isin cumusg n-ilcethra `in the intermixture of various cattle,' Laws ii 4.y Comm. imtar imdai a n-i., SR 4662. ¤chíalla many meanings: na ilchialla asind óinrainn, Sg. 197a17 . o oin inna n-ilchial, 154a1 . ataat ilchialla isint sun ebraidiu, Ml. 37a10 . ¤chinéla many races: na hilltuatha ┐ na hilchinela, LB 122b39 . ¤chlessa many tricks: a ilcleasa neme ar indell aicci, TBC-LL¹ 3931 (Stowe). i n-árach a n-il-chleas `varied tricks,' TSh. 528. ¤choin many hounds: airm i mbiat i. géra, LU 2418. ¤chomarbas manifold heirship: can forbeir coimaithces ? A il-comarbus `from several heirs,' Laws iv 68.19 . ¤chomraic many encounters, many combats: nipa frithenech debtha hit ilchomraicib, LU 3495 (SC). ¤chonách : dochuaidh ilconach do Césair `manifold prosperity,' CCath. 2368. ¤chuir many turns ? many circles ? : línib hilchor (a cheville), SR 166 ¤chrícha many territories: i n-ilchrīchaib comadais, ACL iii 218 § 7. ¤dála many delays: a ben, ná bi ic hildalaib, SR 1698. ¤dána many gifts, many arts, many accomplishments ; sg. ¤dán varied skill, manifold science: nítat ildáni do óenfiur et ní óen dán do sochuidi `it is not many gifts to one man ...,' Wb. 21a16 . tormaigid eneclann du neoch il-dana du beith aigi, Laws v 108.16 Comm. In sg. : fairenn cach ildāna of every varied gift, Ériu iv 163.14 . ? used as adj. iar n-eladnaib ildánaib, SR 2226. ¤dath, ¤datha sg. and pl. many hues, varied colouring: Emne co n-ildath féle, Imr. Brain § 60. co mbrechtaib cach illdatha, SR 56. Loch Riach ..., illatha de gach n-aenlā dath gorm, dath buidhe ..., ZCP v 24 § 14. Attrib. gen.: i mbeirtibh óir ioldatha, TD 7 § 26. ¤dechraib d p. many differences: isnaib i., Ml. 125d7 . ¤delba many shapes, varied shapes: rí rodasgni ... i. na n-anmanna, SR 7270. ¤dírib d p. many fines, many compensations: slan enech ecmaing in il-dirib i n-ordaib il-grad ecsi, YBL 179b13 . ¤draídechta varied enchantments: na hildraidhechta ┐ na hileicne ro imerset draithe Cormaic orro, RC xliii 58 § 58. ¤dúili many elements: trí accomol n-ildule `through the conjunction of many elements,' Ml. 145c4 . ro chainset na hilldúile, SR 7760. ¤échta many slayings, many slain: re himad na n-ar ocus na n-ilécht, MR 240.8 . āra ┐ ilēchta, TTebe 2856 . ¤ecor much decoration, much inlay: etaigi caema ... arna n-ilecur do snath alaind orda, TTebe 2214 . Attrib. gen.: ruithean na cathbarr n-orda n-ileagair, 917 . cloidim cru[a]idgher ... ┐ se ordhuirn ilegair, Aen. 1955. ¤ḟaebair, ¤ḟaebra many weapons, varied weapons: na hairm ┐ na hilḟaebair, Acall. 2031. ní geibhtis renna ná ilfaebra he, RC xliii 46 § 45. gé bhrisim ... beirn le beagán iolfhaobhar, DDána 82 § 2. Metaph. armtha lé hiol-fhaobhraibh na haithrighe, TSh. 10816. ¤ḟodla many divisions: nos deocraigitt i n-ecsamlus na n-ilfodal fil forsin mbairdni, IT iii 6 § 4. ¤ḟodlaidetu manifold division: cid i n-airecar ilfodlaidetu forsin cetardu sin (viz. na cethri primfodla filed forsin bardni), IT iii 6 § 4. ¤ḟolta : fri slond n-ilḟolad `to signify many substances,' Sg. 28b22 . ¤ḟuirech much delay: ní bad muilleóir duit fer ilḟuirig `a man of much delay,' Tec. Corm. § 34.5 . níbat ilḟurig im írad n-echtrand `do not often delay ...,' SCC 272 (= LU 3471 ). ¤gáiri, later ¤gáirthe, ¤gár(r)tha many cries, much clamour: a cuirdís óic ilgáire, Acall. 3094. fodord mor ... ┐ ilgaire troma fergacha, LB 151b37 . iolgháirthe gan méid do mhair, IGT Decl. ex. 1983. iolgháirthe badhbh is brainéan, TD § 31. iolach ┐ iolgarrtha, RC xxix 122.7 . ¤gáirdes much joy: cūis ilghairdis, Fl. Earls 238.10 . ¤gáirdiugud much rejoicing or merrymaking: ticdiss ... d'ilghairdiugadh inntinne dōip `to make amusement for them,' 58.15 . ¤gessa many spells, many enchantments: mar mhná na n-ilgheas oile, TD 1 § 17. ó do imdhigh a n-ilgheasa `their great prerogatives,' Aithd. D. 45 § 3. ar eól amhra i n-ilgheasaibh, Hackett l 8. ¤géill many hostages: a p. huaire do-foxla ilgiallu, Laws iv 330.4 Comm. ¤glésa many arrangements, manifold equipment: im thalmain co n-ilglessaib, SR 90. re hil-gles a hoirfideach, MR 102.17 . ¤gné many kinds, varied appearances: bieit i. indi són, Ml. 97a1 . Lucifer linib hilgne, SR 1690. nocon fetarsa indat ilgnae do-chuirither in folt fair fo indat trí fuilt failet fair, BDD² 1125. ¤gníma many deeds, various deeds: nicond ailet il-gnima `various works,' Laws v 414.x . a ghríobh na n-ilghníomh n-orrdhuirc, DDána 92 § 40. soidheach il-ghníomh n-amhghlan inn, Aithd. D. 73 § 3. tar eis na n-ilgnim sin do denum, Stair Erc. 1223. ¤gotha : ba uisse ce notectad ilgotha ` many sounds ,' Sg. 197a11 . ¤grád(a) many orders, many grades: ni do thoimsib na n-hilgrad, SR 714. cona ecalsib i n-ilgradaib, ZCP iii 223 § 4. ¤gréssa many ornamentations, many illuminations (of a MS.) : in sgribenn n-amrae ... cona ilgresaib aillib examlaib, Fél. 90.6 . ¤imad very many, a great quantity: maille re hiolimad dona págánachaibh, Ériu v 192.530 . ioliomad édála léo, 194.564 . fer saidhbhir ... co n-ílimad gacha maithusa, RC x 187.14 . Ionas, Iob, ┐ il-iomad oile, TSh. 8434. go n-ilimat bād ┐ ethor, Fl. Earls 86.12 . ¤innéirge : ilinnerghe ineragar o ecluis bunuidh `many desertions are made from an original church,' Laws iii 64.20 . ¤intliuchta : sluindes ilsésu ┐ ilintliuchtu `that signifies many senses and many meanings,' Ml. 37a10 . ¤lanna many blades: ar fich arm il-land ngorm, LL 43a13 . ¤liuna a p. : arna tormastar fort iliuna len lighe `lest there be added to thy numerous sorrows the sorrows of a sick bed,' Ériu viii 173.30 . ¤litre many letters: ar it lia sillaba o illitrib quam ó oinlitrib, Sg. 71a18 . ? ¤lúamand : ? roīr dam ... deich tallima taroeda il-luamand, Ériu ii 28.31 . ¤luicc many places: dorata i. dáib, Trip.² 1185. ¤maicni many tribes, many families: frisna iltuathaib ┐ frisna ilmacnib ┐ frisna ilmílib, TBC-LL¹ 453. ¤maín(e) much wealth, many treasures, many gifts: ladiri ocus ilmuine mic Dé `manifold powers,' Laws i 22.22 Comm. ar id ilmaoine moighter comarbaib, iv 266.24 . fuath lais ór is iolmhaoine, Aithd. D. 20 § 21. do bhronn d'filidh ilmhaíne, IGT Decl. ex. 1173. Fig. (see maín (c)) ; im ṡeirc Dé ba hilmain, Fél. Feb. 11. taimthiu Ióib ilmain (? in app. to taimthiu), June 30 . ¤mara many seas: tíre is iolmhara eadroinn, Studies 1918, 453 § 15 . ¤mairb many dead: ro-thóduscastar hil-marbu ... lais a bás, PH 3747. ¤míana many desires: cin nach n-uiressbhaidh dia n-ilmianaib, Stair Erc. 624. ¤míla many animals: Adam, sruth is ilmílaib, SR 1642. cona huilib hilmilaib, 1632 . ¤míli many thousands: i fil ilmíli brecc mban, Immrama 11 § 19. bíaid ... cath for ilmilib, IT i 131.39 . cid oenfer do hilmilib, SR 4024. co ruca hilmíle lett dochum Nime, Lat. Lives 82.11 . do caithedar ... ilmilti do liagaibh lámh, Stair Erc. 1549. ¤mílid many soldiers: in coica curad ... ┐ na hilmili[d], TTebe 3259 . ¤mná many women: cell a ndentar imot adaltrais ri hilmnaib, Laws v 122.6 Comm. ¤moda many ways: roptar cosmaile hó ilmodaib .i. Moyṡi ocus Pátraic, Trip. ii 474.20 . ¤nathraig many snakes, various snakes: co n-immud a hillnathrach, SR 4684. ¤phairti many parts: cor bloidh in cathbarr a n-ilpairtibh, Stair Erc. 354. ¤phectha many sins: acht ro pennead a n-ilpeacta, Laws v 448.2 . a lloss ilpeacadh cloinde n-Adaim, Leb. Gab.(i) 8.11 . ¤phersain multiplicity of persons, many persons: ní tre ilpersa sed per filium dei (? leg. ¤persana, Edd.), Wb. 32b2 . ¤phíana many pains, varied pains: coro innithmigtís hiffer[n]d cona ilphíanaib, LU 1960. ag ingheilt ar il-phianaibh ifrinn cropping the varied pains of hell, TSh. 1963. ¤phíanad act of torturing in many ways: tuc co port Rig da riagad | na hiuidail, da n-il-pianad, Metr. Dinds. iii 416.34 . dá il-phianadh go síordhaidhe, TSh. 9165. pl. varied tortures: imat ilpianad itfrinn, RC xxviii 320 § 37. ¤phíasta, ¤phésti many or varied beasts, many reptiles: eisc ┐ ilpiasta ichtair in aiceoin, Ériu v 20.12 . no-chodlad a oenur eter na hilphiasta ┐ ni erchoitigitis do, PH 875. tearc ann do na hilphiastaibh, DDána 112 § 16. ¤phíast, ¤phéist (= oillphíast, see s.v. oll) s. monster, serpent: an dubh-loch ... irraibhe an il-péist fraochdha, BNnÉ 135. iiib. 14 . ilphiast 'na hinbhearaibh, TD 13 § 10. ¤ranna many parts, various parts: comsuidiugud o ilrannaib uil composition from all the many parts, O'Mulc. 100. ¤ratha many graces, many blessings: is liriu feor nó folt fidbaide i. in marbnaid noeb siu, ZCP iii 225.4 . ¤rechta many shapes: is de atberthe in siriti ara met no delbad i n-ilrechtaib, LU 9009 (FB). domrat ... rí na nuli i n-ilrechtaib, 1290 . ar a immat d'ilr[e]achtaib a téiged sí, Acall. 2402. bean bhroit úaine a n-ilreachduibh, IGT Decl. ex. 1587. ¤rechta ? : fiu a heire éara dá hilreachtaibh, DDána 83 § 1. ¤ríana many paths, many ways: a n-ifurnd na n-ilrīan, ACL iii 216 § 3. échta ┐ ilriana in ármhuighe sin, MR 318.30 . ilriana urbadacha eli ic fostad ... fhoirne dá n-ógbhadhaibh, 316.28 . many floods, many seas ? : atraachtatar a róin ... ┐ a chenandain ┐ i. in mara, CRR § 10. ¤rind many stars: firmiminti na n-i., SR 274. ¤rith manifold course ?, many courses ? : srethaib ilretha rétlann, SR 718. ¤rúna, ¤rún many mysteries, varied mystery ? : ri rooirdnistar mac Nún | Essu, co n-immud hilrún, SR 5006. d'aisneis ocus d'ḟiadhnughadh aignidh ocus illruine na n-oghbriathar, MR 92.1 . ¤ṡailm many psalms: it ilsailm hi tadbadar foisitiu a pecthae do duaid, Ml. 32b18 . ¤ṡésu a p. : sluindes ilsésu ┐ ilintliuchtu `that signifies many senses ...,' 37a10 . ¤ṡelb many possessions: ag nach fuil gradh ilṡelba, Imr. Brain 88.5 . ¤ṡenman : cosmulius tuib arataat ilsenman `many sounds,' Wb. 12c46 . ¤ṡétchi many wives: adellad ilsétchi `that frequent various mates,' Mon. Tall. 132.1 . ¤ṡlúaig many hosts : a p. inna ilslogu, Tur. 110a . is mortcend do ilslúagaib, LU 8958 (FB). ¤tegdaisi many dwellings: ... catrach ... ┐ iltegdaisi i medon indde, Hib. Min. 221. ¤tintudai many translations: ataat i. leu cene, Ml. 3a14 . ¤tíre many lands: for túathaib, for iltírib, SR 6620. ¤toimtin many meanings: de dliguth inna n-iltoimdden, Sg. 26b7 . ¤tóisigh : dorochratar i. rothréna di cechtar na dá ṡlóg, TTr.² 1120. ¤treba : etir iltrebu `between many tribes,' Ml. 37d10 . ¤túatha many peoples: for hinnilib na n-iltuath, SR 2346. fo hill-tuathaib in domain, PH 6452. na hilltuatha ┐ na hil-chinela, LB 122b39 . ¤uisci many waters: amal tondgur n-iluisce, SR 608.

With adjj. It has been found convenient to take together adjj. compounded with il- and those derived from compound nouns of which il- is the first element, e.g. ilchenélach, ilainglech, ilmíanach, as it is not always easy to distinguish between them. There seems to be a distinction in meaning. il-, in the true compounds, having for the most part merely intensive force, e.g. il-bind, il-chrúaid, il-gránda. With those adjj. which clearly derive from compound nouns no hyphen is used here. ¤adbal very vast: ō Muir Icht álaind iladhbail, ACL iii 231.21 . ilainglech surrounded by many angels: co ríg n-il-ainglech n-ūasal, Thes. ii 300.8 ( Hy. i ). ilarmach many-weaponed: ger'bo raith óc i., Acall. 2741. ¤bind of manifold sweetness: sluag ... i., ilchaem, ... co claiscedal aingel, YBL 163b17 . ¤blasta very sweet, very tasty: cruithnecht i., LB 139a52 . ¤bras very eager, very quick: a bil-[l]aburthach ilchlesach i., PH 8181. a il-geranach ... il-ceolach i., YBL 162a20 . ¤brecc much variegated, very spotted: inar do s[h]rōll ilbreac ingantach, ML² 1471. ba hi in nirmamint ilbrec, Cog. 178.19 . forsna sciathaib ilbrecca, LB 152b31 . na haquili ... ilbreca `the speckled eagles,' CCath. 4927. ua (= ba) hilbrecca illathach na moigi ... risna cethaib comgela cubair, TTebe 2340 . As subst. : díallait órdha co n-ilbrecaibh, Imr. Brain 68.21 . ¤brechtach much variegated: sciath oirderc ilbreachtach, TTebe 3576 . ¤brén very foul: slog mor dub dorcha i. ... do démnaib, PH 8101. hi tégdais ... tenntige il-brein, 8297 . ¤brethach of many judgments, critical: an fhlaith ríoghdha il-bhreithech, RC xliii 280.z . il-geranach imchosaitech i., PH 8180. ¤bruthach very fiery: slog ... i. ... do démnaib, 8102 . ¤búadach of many victories, having many outstanding qualities: a nda sciath ailli ilbuadhacha, CF 295. conaca in tiprait ... n-ilbúadaig `endowed with many virtues,' Ériu iv 100 § 34. clanna ilbuadacha na hErend, Cog. 52.2 . gluaisis mac Ruaidhrí an ruathair iolbhuadhaigh, Aithd. D. 4 § 3. As an epithet : Oscar ilbuadhach, CF 786. ¤chaem very beautiful, possessing many charms: sluag ... il-bind i., YBL 163b17 . ilchenélach of many races: na hAdam-clainni ilcenealaichi, Cog. 166.6 . ilchenélaigthe peopled with many races: clanna ... na hErend ilcenelaigthi, 52.2 . ilchennach many-headed: in pheist irdairc úathmar i., LU 2429. pesti ... ilchennacha, RC xxviii 318 § 36. ¤chéolach of many melodies ?, very melodious ? : fail coll n-écsi n-ilcheólach ` music-haunted ,' Metr. Dinds. iii 286.24 . i nÉirinn ilcheolaigh, Aithd. D. 4 § 5. ag éisteacht ré hoirfideadh il-cheólach, TSh. 10916. uttering many complaints ? : a ilgeranach ... ilceolach ilbras, YBL 162a20 . ilchéolta : in fhailti ilceolta `many melodied,' RC xxviii 322 § 49. ilcherdach skilled in many crafts, very skilful, skilfully made: ionann iomorro ioldánach is ilcheardach, Keat. iii 666. ón mhúr ḟoirbhthe ilcheardach, TD 16 § 40. ilchessach : glic an éigse ilcheasach `of many problems,' Dánfhocail § 66. ilchíallda of many meanings: focail i., Content. v 43. ilchlannach having many descendants, having many divisions: clann .i. fodhail, ut est ro clui aicme ilclannaigh (v.l. ilclannach) `a tribe of many subdivisions languished,' O'Dav. 350 (? read he overthrew a tribe ...). go hAdhamh ... n-ilchlannach, MR 98.9 . possessed of many qualities or qualifications ? : iar n-urd eolais ilclandaigh, Leb. Cert. 236.7 . is ferr aicni ilclannach as a mbuaidh bretha berdar .i. asa mberar in brethemnus co buadach, O'Curry 2276 (< Eg. 88, fo. 20c ) = aiccnedh i., O'Curry 1610 (< 23 Q 6, p. 5b ). ilchlessach of many feats, of many tricks: an fear fionn iolchlesach, TBC-LL¹ 5466 (Stowe). Aengus ilclessach, Acall. 2732. a bil-[l]aburthach il-chlesach il-bras, PH 8181. ag aimsighthibh ilchleasacha an aidhbhirseóra, TSh. 10489. ¤chlóen very wily ? : as subst. : co Sencha mac Coscra, co ilcloin, Ériu i 116 § 5. ¤chodach ? : i. airchetail, IT iii 105 § 208. ¤chonda very wolfish, very fierce: cāinḟāel i. `ein ... vielgrimmer Wolf,' Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 25 (a) . ¤chossáitech very quarrelsome, much given to complaining: a ilgeranach, ilchossaidech, YBL 162a19 . ¤chráibthech very pious: betha Fharannain iolcraibtigh, Anecd. iii 1.5 . ¤chréchtnaighthe having many wounds ?, very badly wounded ?: cuirp ... ilcrechtnaigthe, LB 207a16 . dofuit ... M. ilcrectnaigte la hAicil, BB 439a21 . ¤chrothach very shapely ?, of many shapes, of varied beauty ? : ba hingen cumachtach i. hi (of Caer Ibormeith who had power to change into a bird), Aisl. Óeng. 19.7 . i mmag n-Árach n-i., Metr. Dinds. iv 28.46 . na heoin ailli il-chrothacha, KMMisc. 316.15 . i [bh]feidhm eolais ilchrothaigh, Leb. Cert. 236.3 . A common epithet of Juno : Iunaind ilcrothach, TTebe 2621 . in t-anmann ilchrothach-side (of Juno transforming herself into many shapes of animals) `this many-formed animal,' Stair Erc. 87. in rigan og alaind i., 929 . ¤chrúaid very hard: iombualadh ... iolchrúaidh, Atlantis iv 212.y . ildánach very gifted, skilled, accomplished, having many gifts or accomplishments (frequently used as subst.) : is amlaid bái in Dond Cualgni dubdond diumsach...illanach, IT iii 245.77 . ioldanach .i. duine lan d'ealadhnaibh no d'ilcheardaibh, O'Cl. Of the heads of crafts appointed by the ollamhs at the Feis of Eamhain ┐ the Feis of Cruachan to preside over the industries of the country : do gairthí ioldánaigh dona saoithibh-se. Ionann ... ioldánach is ilcheardach, Keat. iii 664 - 6 . tráighfidh muir ... go hiongantach ioldánach, DDána 29 § 6. fear ... ioldanach i lLaidin, AFM v 1584.9 . ioldánach `a jack-of-all-trades ,' O'R. As sobriquet of Lugh Lámhfada (cf. Samildánach) : ó armmuib in Illdhánaigh, Anecd. i 31 § 49. Superl. amail is illdanaighe dofuaramar according to the most expert knowledge we could find, BB 38a9 . ildathach many-coloured: co n-étaigib ildathachaib, TBFr. 36. in tuaig nimi n-illdathaig, SR 2628. cóeca ingen [n-]illdathach `arrayed in many colours,' SCC 803 (= LU 3980 ). meirgi ard ill-dathach, ML² 1181. barr i. in talman, O'Mulc. 201. a hearr iol-dathach (of a peacock), TSh. 2352. Name of a mythical country , as ā, f. : techt in-Ildathig i.e. nomen regionis, Imr. Brain § 24. ildathaigthe many-coloured: meic ... Israeil na thErend illataigthi, Cog. 160.18 . ildelbach having many shapes, adorned with many figures; beautiful ? : Emne i. fri rían, Imr. Brain § 19. amal cach scrin n-ildelbaig, SR 4212. issind dluim chruind ildealbhach `in the round, multiform cloud,' Ériu ii 108 § 22. in maccamh óg ildealbach, Acall. 1680. lēine il-delbach ōr-s[h]náith, ML² 1690. treabh na n-earradh n-ildealbhach `with varied vestures,' TD 21 § 26. saorchorn óir ildealbhaigh `of variously wrought gold,' 31 § 7 . ildelbda many-shaped: hilerda na n-anman n-án | is na n-i. ndermár creatures of varied shape, SR 310. ildionnach many-hued ? : don mhoigh eangbhláith i. (: Teamhrach), TD 24 § 37. ildírech : beas ill-danach, bid ill-direach he will have many fines (of one to whom because his honour-price is high, large fines are due for injury suffered), Laws v 108.12 . Aurard ilgradhach ildanach ildirech, Anecd. ii 65.6 . ¤ecairthe much adorned, adorned in various ways: cathbarr ... d'or alaind ilecairthi, TTebe 3205 . ilḟaebrach armed with many weapons: don druing fhuiligh iolfhaobhruigh ` sharp-sworded ,' Aithd. D. 3 § 17. ilḟoclach containing many words: in gach aen ebert ilfoclaig, Auraic. 1558. ilgáirdeach agreeable, pleasing: ru-s-taispein ē fēin go supailceach ilghairdeach dōib, Fl. Earls 38.x . ba lūthghāireach ilgairdeach lasin rīg ..., 222.25 . ¤geránach : a il-geranach `[thou soul] full of complaints,' PH 8180. ilgessach possessing many powers or enchantments: an líg n-ilgheasaigh n-áluinn ` many-virtued ,' TD 22a § 41 . ilgnéthech of many kinds: ilghnétheach, iolradh, eugsamhla ` Divers ,' Eg. Gl. 416. ilgnímach skilled in the performance of many deeds: uair nirb óc, rop i., Metr. Dinds. iii 242.12 . ind Aige ḟíal i., ii 66.8 . ilgnúisech ? : firmarius (read formarius) .i. ilghnuiseach ` many faced ,' Auraic. 811. ilgonach many-wounding: ardcomrac aigmeil i., CF 666. ilgothach many-voiced: re haltrom én [n]-ilgothach, Ériu i 39 § 3. ¤grádach very distinguished: Aurard ilgradhach ildanach ildirech, Anecd. ii 65.6 . As an epithet : Eicsi il-gradhach inghen Dána, 50.16 . ¤gránda very hideous, very ugly: led dhoirr n-iolghránna n-aidhbhsigh, Content. xxii 19 n . ilgrésach adorned with much ornamental work: chóig imlenda āilli ilgrēsacha `variously wrought,' Fianaig. 58.22 . fā Bera uasail ilghrēsaigh of varied accomplishments, ML² 578. ¤imda very numerous, manifold: ciarsat ailimda a clanna, Cog. 52.1 . deacair foghnamh do thoil dá thighearna | foghnamh iliomdha soin ..., Studies 1932, 140 § 1 . ilmaínech very wealthy, possessing varied treasures: Uisnech álainn iolmhaoinech, ZCP viii 221 § 44. don árus fhairsing ... iol-mhaoineach, TSh. 2729. ¤míanach very covetous: ní bad rannaire duit fer i. `a man of many desires,' Tec. Corm. § 34.4 . ¤níamach very splendid, very bright: na n-edaighi n-ilniamach, Stair Erc. 224. ilphíastach abounding in monsters: ar muir úathmuir ilpíastaigh, Anecd. i 32 § 57. glend aigméil, ilpiastach, uathmar, BNnÉ 131.17 . i gcarcair il-phiastaigh ifrinn, TSh. 802. goibél úathmhar ilphíasdach, IGT Decl. ex. 933. ¤rathach abounding in grace: it riched ilrathach, Fél. Ep. 466. ¤rechtach many-formed ? ; very frenzied ? : is i. in tí 'sa tuarascbáil, MU² 635. is and so cétríastartha im Choin Culaind co nderna úathbásách n-i. n-ingantach ... de, LU 6443. do-rinne fuath n-i. n-anaithnid de, Comp. CC 102.17 . To a woman who had changed appearance : is ilreachtach sin, a bean, ol in mac, RC xxiv 200 § 15. i Ráith ilreachtaigh Eochuill, TD 40 § 21. ilríanach : san éigse il-rianaigh `in the mazy land of poesy,' Content. xxii 14. ¤ṡínach with much bad-weather: gamh ilṡíonach, gaethach ` changeable ,' AFM ii 1100.12 . ¤tairthech very productive, very fertile: morthír ... iltairthech, SR 4702. ¤tríathach very lordly, very princely: mac Edlicon iltríathaig (v.l. imtriathaich) `head of many chiefs,' Metr. Dinds. iii 276.6 .

1 nem-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 nem- or dil.ie/33072
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: neph-, neb-, neph-, neb-, neph-, neph-, neph-, nem-, neph-, nem-, nemth-, neamh-, neamh-, neimh-

(neb-, neph-) neg. prefix used in composition with nouns and adjectives in temporary formations, serving merely to negate the positive sense of the word or denote the absence of the object (action, quality, etc.) expressed thereby, without adding any new meaning as do the prefixes an-, é-, mí- (e.g. nebchretem = not believing; anchretem = unbelief). In O.Ir. the forms neb- and neph- are used; in Wb. neb- before a vowel or voiced consonant, neph- before a voiceless cons.; in Sg. and Ml. only neph- (often written as a distinct word). In early Mid.Ir. neph- (nef-) and nem- are used, before voiceless and voiced consonants respectively; during the Mid.Ir. period neph- is ousted by nem- (also written nemp-, nemth-). Before a palatal vowel in the follg. word the final consonant is affected (later expressed by the spelling neim-). Mod.Ir. neamh-, (before palatal vowel) neimh-. Lenites follg. consonant; occas. (in late texts) eclipses a follg. b: nemhmbith, Ériu ii 64 n. 31 ; neimmbind, ZCP iii 32.2 ; neimmbisid (leg. -mbisig), O'Gr. Cat. 289.32 ; neamhmbáidh, Keat. i 50.22 ; neambocht, Keat. Poems 30. nemtsomainech, ZCP x 306.34 is due to analogy of cases in which lenited s prefixes t after the article; cf. nemtsos.

In Glosses common esp. with verbal abstracts, participles and nomina agentis. With vn. commonly used in O. and Mid.Ir. in the sense not to (do someth.), to refrain from (doing someth.), where in Mod.Ir. the prep. gan would be used. With adj. in Glosses freq. renders Lat. in-.

With nouns and adjs. often used to express an alternative or contrast to a foregoing corresponding positive: imdibe Tít nó a nebimdibe Titus' circumcision or his non-circumcision, Wb. 18d9 . eter gess ┐ nemgess, BDD 59. ní ébairt riu a chathim ┐ ní ebairt a nemchathim to eat it . . . not to eat it, TBC-LL¹ 137. ni tharat aichne for charait nā for nemcharait, FDG 238. o na comarsannaib ┐ ó na nemchomarsannaib, PH 7576. náire fri maith, nemnáire fri holc, PH 8228. ara hingin do tabairt do Aenias ┐ ara nemtabairt do Thuirn, Aen. 1644. do ced Gall ┐ do neimhchet Chloinne Taidhg, AFM v 1708.7 . an laphuirt ┐ a[n] nemhlabhuirt speech and silence, Ériu v 130 § 47 . ri ro gni cach ṅdūil . . . aicseid ocus nemaicseid, SR 330. cia lasmad laind nō nemlaind in sluagad, TBC-LL¹ 413. longa na cenntur foicsi ┐ nemhfoicsi near and far, Marco P. 5.

In many cases compds. with nem- come to be stable and assume a more or less positive meaning; cf. marbum na nemcaraid ud Crist those foes of Christ (i.e. the Saracens), RC xix 164.2 , with FDG 238 quoted above.

In later Bardic poetry compds. of neamh-, neimh- somet. serve mainly to supply a rhyme.

In later Mid.Ir. occas. compounded with finite forms of verb.

The following lists are illustrative only:

(a) with subst. ¤acallam: ba himned la F. nempaccallam ina hingine not to converse with, ZCP iv 38.4 = cen acallaim na ingine, LL 249b 26 ( TBFr. 155 ). ¤ accomol : dliged nephaccomoil inna teora liter of not joining the three letters, Sg. 7b9 . ¤ág ill luck: ZCP ii 354.24 (nemagh). neamhágh, Keat. Poems 1033. ¤airchóit harmlessness: istait na nemurchoite, PH 7773. ¤áirem: hó nephairim, gl. innumero, Ml. 17d6 . ¤airitiu: tri nebairitin lóge not accepting pay, Wb. 11a12 . nemfairitiu, Mon. Tall. 35. nephairmid a non-computer , Ml. 50d2 (gl. incompotem, connected by glossator with compoto = computo) ; cf. Sg. 67b16 . nephascnaidid, gl. impos, Sg. 106a1 . neimbiathad laech a tri corgusaib na bliadna no refection of laymen, Anecd. i 44.10 . ¤breth: fochund a facbála ┐ a nembrithi leis of not bringing her, TTr.² 15. ¤buith not being: n s. nebud, Wb. 24d11 . nébeth, 9b17 . i nepbuith dia réir in not being subject to his control, 14a16 . ón nepuid hi cumgaib from not being in straits, Ml. 122a11 . Ériu ii 64 § 6. nemhchaint holding one's tongue, Ériu v 130 § 50. nemchaithem, TBC-LL¹ 137 (see above). tre neamhchaitheamh bídh abstaining from food, Keat. iii 2096. ¤chara, FDG 238 (see above). O'Gr. Cat. 384.17. ¤cenél: hi nephchenéil, gl. in non gentem, Wb. 5a14 . neimhcert wrong (injustice), KMMisc. 174.9 . neimhchert gaoidhilghi incorrect Gaelic, Mac Aingil Pref. 8 . ¤chet, AFM v 1708.17 (see above). neimchin (< cin guilt) guiltlessness, ZCP vi 277.12 . neimchin (< cin regard, affection), BCC 304.4 . ¤comainsid: g s. ind nephchomainsedo of the non-trampler, Ml. 42b28 (gl. inculcatoris, in- taken as neg.). ¤comairle: rena nemcomhmairle do denamh by heeding not his counsel, BCC 246.34 . nebchomaitecht non-indulgence , Wb. 6c12 . as crād don cach . . . nemchomaitecht doib im caomclód praindi not to be indulged with a change of diet, Mon. Tall. 64. nemchomall non-fulfilment , PH 7951. nebchomalnad not fulfilling, Wb. 19c4 , cf. 14a15 . ónd nephchomḟogur, gl. inconsonantia, Sg. 152b3 . nebchongabthetu, gl. incontinentia, Wb. 9d24 . nemchotlud not sleeping, TBC-LL¹ 1703. nemcolladh insomnia, RC xlix 18.4 ; 23.9 ( ¤codladh). nebchretem a n-ad[f]iadar di Crist not believing, Wb. 27a10 . ¤crích: ar neachrích (= unsettled, aimless), Measgra D. 64.48 (neimhcrich v.l.). nemhchuimhne not remembering; an amnesty, AFM vi 2182.1 . nephcuimsighe incapacity, O'Gr. Cat. 222.9. nephchuindchid anmae Dáe not seeking, Ml. 104c1 . neamhchuid non-participation, indifference , TD 16.10 . nephchumsanad not resting, Ml. 33d20 . nephchumscugud immutability , Sg. 10a14 . LL 38b37 (nem-). ¤déicsiu not looking, g s. nephdéicsen, Ml. 50d11 . ¤déine lack of vigour , see CCath. 4417 ; Dán Dé xiii 8 . nephdéirge not deserting , Sg. 209b26 . Ériu iii 106 y . nephdēnum neich di ulc not doing any evil, Ml. 23c20 . nebdénum, Wb. 5c23 . fil ara nemdénam de | maíle is meth the penalty of not doing it is baldness, Metr. Dinds. iii 24.313 . nephdiall absence of declension, Sg. 75a1 . nemhdileghadh indigestion , O'Gr. Cat. 207.11. a leth an nemdileghtha, RC xlix 8.5 . nemduine, gl. nemo, Ir. Gl. 954. nephetarcnae inna timnae non-discernment, Ml. 58a20 . -fagbá(i)l not finding, PH 3699. ZCP viii 543.17 . nemagbail in measa, ACL iii 240 § 3. ¤faicsin (= O.Ir. aicsiu): fer a nemhfhaixena gusin tan sin one who had never seen it till then, Fl. Earls 188.12 . Cf. i nemfecsiu inda gnuis `without looking on their faces', Mon. Tall. 62. nemfheodaigecht unfadingness, LB 221b65 . ¤fis(s) ignorance: nephis, Ml. 58a20 . ¤ḟonn indifference : toirsi ┐ nemhfhonn fā neithibh diadha, Celtica i 192.1032 . nemhforbunn, Lism. L. 4617 (of the Law of Moses, oppd. to forbann = heathen law). némfreccra epistle not answering, Alex. 826. ¤fuigell: nemfugell do chiunn fria membru that the head should not pass judgement on the members, ZCP xv 331 § 23. ¤gabál: is ferr a nemgabail not to accept it, Mon. Tall. 35. nephgabaltaid, gl. incapax, Ml. 117a1 . ¤gess non-taboo, BDD 59. nemhghlóir ingloriousness, O'Gr. Cat. 466.19. nephícc non-salvation, Ml. 88b8 . neimhiocht lack of trust, suspicion , Keat. ii 2504. nebimdibe, Wb. 18d9 . nemimniche (.i. cen imnedh do beth air) freedom from care, Anecd. v 25.4 . nephinotacht non-entrance , Wb. 33b5 . ¤insce impersonal form ( Phil. Soc. Trans. lxiv (1965/66) 153 ): tigther, tegar as .c. ar a neminscne sin, IGT Verbs § 5 (174.19) . nephithe, gl. inedia, Ml. 127c18 . nemláthar `mean spirit', Metr. Dinds. iii 56 z (: derbráthar). ¤lécud: bui comairli . . . im nemlegodh Logai isin cath not to let L. into the battle, RC xii 88 § 95. neamhlón lack of support, Content. xxix 14 (: mearshlógh). ní lour in nebmaldachad mani bendachae it is not enough not to curse, Wb. 5d23 . ¤marbtacht, gl. immortalitatem, RC xxviii 320 § 47. ¤marbdacht immortality : nemmarbtach[t] gl. im[m]ortalitatem, RC xxviii 320 § 47 . tlacht na nemmarbdachta ┐ na nemtruaillnidechta, PH 3520 . nebmess for nech not judging any one, Wb. 8d26 . nebmoídem not boasting, ib. nephmolad Dáe not praising, Ml. 145c3 . nemnáire lack of diffidence, boldness , LL 400a22 . 187a24 ( ¤nári). PH 8228. nemnerte want of strength, Aen. 2889. ¤ní see neimní. ¤olc: o nach ulc nó nephulc, ZCP vii 481 ( Enchir. Aug. 74a ). ¤opair, O'Mulc. 446. ¤pecad, ib. 97 . hond nephpiandatu, gl. impunitate, Ml. 28a11 . ¤praind: g s. nepproinde la geinti of not dining, Wb. 19a10 . ¤ríar: dá neimhréir against his will, Dán Dé xxviii 13 . ¤sástid (lit. a non-satisfier): ind nephsastid, gl. inexplebiliter, Ml. 62a7 . nephscríbend omitting to write, Ml. 94a1 . Alex. 826 (nem-). nemhshén misfortune, ill luck, AFM iii 226.20 . nephthabart, Ml. 51d2 ; 54b22 . tre nebthabirt dígle fuirib, Wb. 18b13 . nephthairmthechtid an intransitive verb, Sg. 189a7 . ¤tathaige: o ro airigh sidhe a nemhtathaighe asa sccoraibh `that they were not in the habit of going outside their encampments', AFM vi 2192.21 . nemhthathaidhe deuosioin, Fl. Earls 120.1 . ¤techt: dogena nephthecht dia cungid thou shalt not go to look for them, LL 251b36 ( TBFr. 360 ). neimhtheacht ré chéile discrepancy, variance, Keat. i 86.65 . nebthobe non-circumcision, Wb. 1d18 . nephthoimtiu bed peccad són not supposing that it was sin, Ml. 43a15 . ¤tol: asa ndérnad nemthoil Dé ┐ toil ar máigistrech-ne, PH 8142. toil ┐ nemtoil na naturae, O'Gr. Cat. 235.33. do nemhthoil Rígh Saxan against the wishes of, AFM iii 200.11 . nemthomailt fheola abstention from eating meat, PH 6542. nebthórtrommad not pestering, Wb. 27c24 . ¤tráth: codla nemhthrátha `unseasonable sleep', Ériu i 32.4 . ¤trúaillidecht incorruptibility : tlacht na nemmarbdachta ┐ na nemtruaillnidechta, PH 3520 . ¤tuath: bid tuad dom-sa mo nebtuad (= non plebs mea), Wb. 4d1 . ¤tuidecht: nephtuidechd do Dia not coming, Mon. Tall. 21. PH 5462. ¤uall: a dhuine doní neamhuaill `who art humble', Dán Dé vii 31 .

(b) with adj. (in O.Ir. chiefly participial formations rendering Lat. compds. with in-): ¤acnatae unnatural: nephacnataib, gl. insolitis, Ml. 129d3 . nephadnachtae unburied , Sg. 20a4 . ¤aerda `non-aerial', material, gross, YBL 161a21 (of demon host). ¤aicside invisible: aicseid ocus nemaicseid, SR 330. i rétaib nebaicsidib, Wb. 4a24 . na huli dúli aicsidi ┐ nemaicsidi, Trip. 120.2 . iarndligud nemaicsidi, LU 2557 ( RC xxv 238 § 9). tuirsi inmhedónach nemhfhaicsidhe, Parrth. Anma 352.3 . slainte nemaidilcnech o legessaib not in need of medicines, Alex. 844. ¤airchóitech harmless, innocent: nepherchoitecha, gl. innocuos, Ml. 74c6 . fuil nemurcóidech, Maund. 86. i mbéalaibh na leanbh neamhurchóideach, Keat. iii 1596. ¤airchradach: cēt guth nemircradach never-failing, Cog. 50.17 . ¤airdirc: marbhta nemhoirderca `not illustrious', AFM vi 2230.7 . nephaithimfolṅgidi, gl. inefficaces, Ml. 80c12 . nephanmanaigthi, gl. nec spiritu viventium animati, 124c20 . nephanmandi, gl. inanimata (a p n.), 60b5 , cf. 130a3 . ¤arsaid not old: co nemarrsaid with fresh vigour, ZCP vi 41.27 . nephatdānaigthe, gl. inremuneratus, Ml. 138a5 , 116b7 . sluag . . . neambāid unloving, unkind, YBL 161a20 . ¤básaigthe(ch) immortal : Día do bhī nemmbāsuighthe, Celtica i 169.240 . a mbethaidh shuthain nembāsuighthe, 170.268 . nemmbāsuighthech, 170.258 . ¤bec: nephbic, Ml. 39d21 (gl. immodicae [laudis]; the glossator uses gend. of `molad'). ¤bind, ZCP iii 32.2 (neimmbind). ¤boc[h]t, Thes. ii 351.37 (gl. díbocht, Hy. vi 8 ). ¤bras(s): triath n. (of Christ), Anecd. i 39 y . Metr. Dinds. iii 360.2 (`mild'). ¤brisc infrangible , MacCongl. 105.17 . nephchainchomracacha, gl. impacata (neut. pl.), Ml. 26b13 . nephchathaigthe, gl. in bellum (taken as compd. adj.), 126c22 . ¤cetaigthech unallowed: mian nemhcedaighteach, ITS xvi 12.21 . go neamhcheaduightheach without leave, Keat. iii 3185. nephcētbatai, gl. inanimata (neut. pl.), Ml. 130a4 . ¤cintach guiltless , see ZCP vi 277.19 . AFM ii 1138.25 . ¤clóithe: nephchloithi, gl. invicti, Ml. 83b7 . is nemchlóti Dia, PH 799. cenél nemclaeti, Aen. 2752. ¤coiceltach unsparing : gleo neimnech nemchoigeltach, Caithr. Thoirdh. 8.26 . nemhchoigealtach, Fl. Earls 198.9, 18 . cineadh bhíos ... neamhchoigealtach ar a bheathaidh = prodiga, Keat. i 64.53 . ¤coimse(-ch) immeasurable, beyond reckoning: is nemchoimsi mét anóra na mainistrich, Maund. 183 , cf. 162 . nemchoimsigh, 78 . is nemchoimseach do mōrchomachta, Fl. Earls 138.18 . neamhchoimsigh ` incomprehensible ', Eg. Gl. 764. nephchomtetarrachti incomprehensible , Ml. 55d11 (n p.). nephchorpde (= incorporalis), Sg. 59b16 . nepchostae footless (gl. apes), 102b4 . ¤creitmech: isin tír ngentlighi neimchreitmidh unbelieving , Ériu v 156.3 . ¤chríchnuigthe infinite : mur chumhachta neimhchrīochnuighthe, Celtica i 165.80 . in mhaith nemhchrīochnuighthe, 167.169 . ¤chrín unwithered, unfading , CCath. 4717. craind nua nemchrína, LL 218b32 . ¤chrínda id., LL 295b7 = RC xiii 40 § 10 . ¤chumscaigthe immovable; unmoved, unchanged (?): nephchumscaigthe immovable, Ml. 40d23 . nemcumscaighthi (= immobiles), Trip. 4.24 . baitsidhe .i. nemsumscaighthi, ... is é beraid in lucht agata na bretha nemcumscaigthi, O'Dav. 271 . nephchutmaide, gl. illapsam, Ml. 89d4 . ind nephdeithbir, gl. immerito, Ml. 38d10 . 94a8 . ¤dermatach not forgetful, PH 8254. ¤desctha unleavened: arān n., SR 4352 , cf. PH 5073. hi cét-ló na némdescata (= azymorum), 5028 . nephdiachtae (= inultus), Ml. 111b6 . ¤diada: ar tír a ndéé nemṡuthain nemdiadai Neptúin not divine, LL 224b10 ( TTr. 535 ). duine neimhdhiadha ungodly , Proverbs xvi 27. co sollsi némdibaide inextinguishable , LB 138b5 . ¤dil not dear: nir bo n. la Dia hé acht robo dil, LU 1110 (gl. ni andil, ACC 116 ). arccain a n-eccrat ┐ a neimhdheala foes, Hugh Roe 188.18 (f. 50b) . ¤díles: in nephdílius, gl. improprie, Ml. 28d4 . duine neimhdhílios unfaithful , Proverbs xxv 19. nephdilledach indeclinable , Sg. 91b5 , cf. 35a13 . ¤dimde (< dim `thing') unreal: it nephdimdi .i. nidat ní, gl. nihil, Ml. 130d7 . ¤dingbala ( ¤bálta) unworthy: cidat nemdingbal-su [sic] do thabairt onora, LB 236a1 . nemdíngbala, 233b34 . airdeaspog neamhdhiongmhálta, Keat. iii 51. nephdíte, gl. indefensus, Ml. 103c5 , cf. 85d13 . ¤dligthech irrational , see Ml. 16b12 . ¤dorcha: neithe nuaidhe nemhdoirche clear, manifest , ZCP x 6.23 . nephdudrachtach (= ¤duth-) gl. indevotus, Ml. 49c1 . nephecailse, gl. indiscussum, 56c8 , cf. 114b4 . ¤élnide (élnigthe) undefiled , PH 2390 , 2391 . o'n ōig nemelnigthe, 176 . in t-Uan neimelnidi, Lism. L. 1119 . nephǽrnaidi (< ess-ro-snī-) not escaped, Ml. 134b9 (g s f.), gl. invasae (in- taken as neg.). neimheasbadhach without want, Ériu v 64.13 . nephéscide moonless , Ml. 29d14 , cf. 30a1 , 5 . neamhfhann not feeble , BS 26.19 . ¤féig not keen-sighted: n p m. nephfegi, Ml. 42d8 . nemfegtach unobservant, unheeding: co hanbḟaitech n.¤ , LB 234b23 . neimhfhealltach free from treachery, see Fl. Earls 92.22 . neimfhirindech untruthful , Acall. 3903. neimhfhírinneach unrighteous , Proverbs xiii 5. nephfodlaide indivisible , gl. impertitum (taken as = in-partitum), Ml. 26a9 . gl. insecabilem, Sg. 189b6 . nephḟodlaidi, gl. atoma, 28b23 . nephḟograigthi, gl. inconcinna (neut. pl.), Sg. 138a8 . ¤foirbthe imperfect , see Fl. Earls 126.22 . íodhbairt neamhfholamhail bloodless, Eochairsg. 24.9 . ¤forcennach boundless (of the ocean), Ériu iv 142.10 . murbrucht nemḟorcnedach, LL 168b10 . neph[ḟ]repthae, gl. immedicabile, Ml. 58a17 . neph[ḟ]rept[h]anaigthe, gl. immedicabilem, 76a17 . nepfrescastae unexpected ; gl. insperatus in Ml. 36b9 ( ¤frescestu), 56d1 ( ¤rescastu), 40b10 ( ¤rescastib). nephfrithgabthe, gl. ineffrenata (n s f.), Tur. 114. nephfrithortae, gl. inlaesum, Ml. 39a4 . ¤fhuirechair, gl. [im]provigil, Ir. Gl. 985. neamhfhuirithe unprepared , AFM v 1430.8 . neamhghann ample, unstinted , Dán Dé xxvii 21 . ¤gel not fair, swarthy: re cois nglúine neimhghil Néill, IGT Dec. ex. 1233 , cf. KMMisc. 170.7 . cathugud neimgēr can arm not keen, spiritless, BColm. 2.25 . nebglan, gl. inlustratus, Thes. ii 234.13 . an dá ghuthaidhe neamhghlana impure vowels (i.e. the semi-vowels u and i), IGT Introd. § 9. Nemglan, rí énlaithi, BDD 145 . neimhghlic unwise , A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 8. nephglidi (part. of gelid), gl. intonsi, Thes. ii 46.21 (Philarg.). ¤glinne not secure (?), see Thes. ii 352.41 . ¤gnáth unusual, unwonted , LB 234b40 . nephgnatha, gl. insoliti, Ml. 40d15 . ceardacht neamhghnáth rare, Dán Dé vi 39 . ¤gnáthach id.; Fl. Earls 236.34 , AFM vi 2226.24 . neimhiarmartach regardless of consequences, reckless , CCath. 5904. nephícthe, gl. immedicabilem, Ml. 76a17 . nephimmaircide, gl. inconveniens, 17b6 . nephimfolngidi, gl. inefficaces, 17a5 . nephimgabthi unavoidable , 40b9 . neimhionann not the same, different , Fl. Earls 100.8 . go neimhionann unevenly, irregularly , TSh. 1655. nephindlachtae, gl. inscissus, Ml. 96a8 ( ¤indlachtu d s m.). nephinducbaide, gl. ingloriosus, 139d2 . neimhiongnadh not strange , Keat. ii 4878. cocad . . . nemlac not weak, Cog. 100.26 . ¤laind unenergetic , TBC-LL¹ 413. nephlesc, gl. impiger, Ml. 106c7 . nebleisc, gl. non pigri, Wb. 5d17 . go neimhlescc, AFM v 1658.13 . brúti nemliterdhai illiterate , MacCongl. 29.21 . ¤lochtach faultless , see LU 4250 , PH 2399. ¤lochtaigthe unblamed, blameless , SR 592. nem[m]aithmech unforgiving , Fianaig. 82.13 . cunntas nemmhaithfech inexorable , Ó Héodhusa 172.7 . ¤marbda not mortal , IT i 191.26 ( FA 30 LB). ní mhuirbfitis in nemhmarbdhai, LB 229a54 . ¤meirgide unrusting: d'uma nemergidi, Cog. 152.10 . nemergdi, 50.16 . nem[m]ertnech unflagging , Cog. 100.26 , cf. 160.7 . neimmertnech, LL 224b14 . nephmesse, gl. inexaminatum, Ml. 117a2 . ¤munnterdha unfriendly , RC xxviii 316 § 26. ¤nár unabashed, bold, shameless: LU 5253 = TBC-LL¹ 775 (neph-). co nefnar, LL 3b23 = co nemnár, Leb. Gab.(i) 212.2 . ¤nechtardae neutral, see nemnechtardae. ¤opthach non-refusing? n.¤ fri hernail cech uilc ` consenting to', PH 8181. ¤pecthach sinless , see BNnÉ 196.29 . ¤pudrach harmless , Alex. 837. neamsádhal ` ungentle ', Ériu iv 114.10 . AFM v 1314 y . nephsaithrach, gl. inlaborata, Ml. 103b4 . neamhsgaoilteach ` niggardly ', Ériu v 52.2 . ¤scélach not given to tattle, ZCP iii 29.14 . neimhsciamhach unsightly , Fl. Earls 36.22 . ¤scíth unwearied , LL 224b14 . ¤scíthach id., LB 137b1 . nephsētaigthi, gl. invias, Ml. 126a13 . ¤snímach unanxious , PH 5923. AFM v 1756.2 . ¤somaínech unprofitable , ZCP x 306.34 (nemts-), cf. 289.1 (nemhsh-). nephsuande, gl. insomnis, Ml. 95d12 . nephsūilig, gl. minus oculati, 42d8 . neamhshunnartha indefinite , IGT Introd. 7.20 . ¤suthain transitory, mortal , see ¤diada. ¤thairberta unsubdued , Alex. 524. nephthairismech (gl. instans. . . . quod vix stare potest), Sg. 147b1 . nephteipirsnechaib, gl. influidis, Ml. 129d4 . neimtim ` undaunted ', CCath. 3356. nemhtindisnech, gl. infestinosus, Ir. Gl. 617. ¤tláith, Ériu iv 222.10 . nephthoachtae, gl. inbellum, Ml. 126c22 (part. of to-fich-). nepht[h]oimtiu (d s m.), gl. insperatâ, 56d1 (< to-muin-). nephthort[h]ech unfruitful (?), Ériu iii 6.1 . nemhthonnach waveless , Ériu ii 112 § 34. ¤threbtha uncultivated , viii 8.13 . neimhthréith not weak, strong , BNnÉ 280.24 . ¤thremeta, gl. impenetrabilis, Gild. Lor. 66. ¤throeta unconquered , ib. ¤thrócar unmerciful , PH 7627. ¤tromm: hua Néill nemthruim, LL 182a8 = Arch. Hib. ii 49 § 27. ¤thrúailnide uncorrupted : isuisse intoichther andruailnitheso honnebdruailnithiu, Wb. 13d20 . cia n-dechsad hi curp nem-thruaillnide, PH 6750 . in tan taitnigfes amal gréin nemthrualnide a chuirp ┐ a anma, BCC² 243 § 65 . neamhthuitimeach not liable to fall. Luc. Fid. 333.16 . ? ¤uis bold, insolent: dochodar co nemuis niata namdemail . . . dar in mbadun, Ann. Conn. 1236 § 8. Cf. uiss .i. umhal, O'Cl. ¤ulach beardless: glabrio .i. moit ł nephulach, Études Celt. xi 115 (Paris Latin 10290 15 b 15) .

(c) in late Mid.Ir. occas. with verbs: croch Chríst . . . 'com dhín anois nemhcheilter be it not hidden, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 338. 14 . do neimchreit se do recht Dé believed not, PH 7770. do neimhmheirtnigh iad encouraged , ML 82.12 . neamhmúchaidh ghlóir na nGaoidheal quench not, Ir. Monthly 1919, 341.44 . dontí neamhonóruigheas a anam féin (= exhonorantem animam suam), TSh. 1385. ara nemrenar enechcland on which honour-price is not paid, O'Mulc. 403. nemhtaisigh [mo phectha] deal not gently with (?), Ir. Lit. 8 n. 14 . ? atat cóic dualiche co nemthiagat in aíne i nfhóimtin, PH 8386 ; leg. conimthiagat there are five vices which accompany fasting to be guarded against?

occamal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. occamal or dil.ie/33413

x see accomol .

oentu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oentu or dil.ie/33548
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: oéntu, óentid, n-ointaid, n-óentid, oíntaid, n-óentu, óentad, oentath, áenta, áontadh, áentaidh

n d, m. and f. (oen) n s. int oéntu , Wb. 7c8 . a s. óentid, 12b12 . in n-ointaid , Ml. 25c9 . d s. (a) i n-óentid , Wb. 7d7 , cf. 27a4 . oíntaid, Ml. 118a2 , cf. 66b7 . (b) i n-óentu , Wb. 9c28 , cf. 26b27 . g s. óentad, Wb. 27b21 . ind oentath , Sg. 28a9 . In Mid.Ir. often fem. áenta f. (g s. -dh, d s. -idh), IGT Dec. § 7.4 . áontadh f. (g s. aont-adha, -aidhe), § 12.19 . áentaidh f. (g s. -e), § 13.4 .

(a) oneness, unity : gl. unio, Ml. 66b7 , unitas, 25c9 . int oéntu inna ǽccalsa, Wb. 7c8 . oéntu forcitil unity of teaching, 13b9 . dofoirndea són oíntaid inna tríndoti, Ml. 2d2 . i n-oentaid diadachta ┐ doenachta maic Dé, FA § 34 LB. oenta na heclaisi cechtarda, nemda ┐ talmanta union, PH 4362. In moral sense, concord: irbága robatar leo-som eter desciplu . . . óentu immurgu eter a magistru, Wb. 7a10 . .4. flatho nime .i. aenta ┐ soma, sláinti ┐ sochraidi, ZCP iv 234.18 . Of things, agreement, correspondence : oenta ┐ coibnes na liachtanu-sa for cúla `unity and connexion of this lesson with the context', PH 2985 , cf. 4733 . ollbairdní . . . ata a haentu sen fri deachnad cumaisg .i. da ḟelis ┐ da bricht íntib dib línaib. IT iii 11 n. 2 .

As quasi-vn., to unite : ind eclais nemdai ┐ talmanda do oentaid ┐ do accomul, PH 5339.

(b) association, fellowship, alliance : huamm óintaid (= a meo consortio), Ml. 118c2 . do accomol inna cairddine ┐ ind oentath (sc. between the Romans and Sabines), Sg. 28a9 . rop fris . . . mo oenta-su isin bethaid tall, PH 3682. da naisc ar mummi . . . ar cró cotaig is óentad, TBC-LL¹ 4135. fó chori ┐ óentaid fri Ultu, LU 1551 = MU 54.17 . ni biat i n-oentu muintire nime (= regnum Dei non possidebunt), Wb. 9c28 . éirged . . . i n-óentaid aingel, LU 1385 ( RC xxi 380.15 ). rob tu rom-togba a n-aontaig aingel, Ériu ii 89 § 6. dona Saxanaib robatar na n-oentaid fein, Anecd. iii 68.24 (= genti Saxonum . . . secum Brittaniam incolenti, Bede, Beda i 22 ). i n-aentaig a manach together with his monks, Anecd. i 43.12 . bheith 'na n-aontoigh ní luinn lat you do not care to be in their company, KMMisc. 242 § 7. This expression was prob. con- taminated with: i n-oentig `in the same house'.

Used of the community or parochia of a saint or founder of a church: lucht oentad Maelruain inso, LL 370a43 , cf. b57 .

(c) often of a covenant between two saints or heads of religious foundations: a Brenaind . . . cinnus dogēnam aen- taidh?, ZCP vii 302.4 . dogniat a n-aentaid . . . ┐ dobeir Martan do Senán i comartha a n-aentad in soiscéla ro scribh, Lism. L. 2053. dogniatt oentaid Mocholmoc ┐ Colman, BColm. 92.17 . luid Ciaran . . . co Colman do chuncid aenta ┐ cen- nachta fair, 86.6 . m'aentu-sa is Colm . . . ocus [sic leg.] Corbmac . . . bid hí an áenta airmittnech, Anecd. ii 28.11 (poem ascribed to S. Moling).

(d) consent, co-operation, participation : ni roibe cuit nā comairle nā hoentu dámsa indsin, LB 229a47 . gan h'aentaidh fein d'fagbail docom an catha, CCath. 4553. do bhí aonta ┐ togha an tíre do chongnamh . . . ag Lasair ┐ ag Ronán dochum na cioschana sin, Ériu v 94.10 (= L. and R. had the voluntary co-operation of the land to aid them in raising the tribute?). ni tuc an rí áonta imlán dó ┐ ni tuc éra fair, Expugn. Hib. § 12. tug Naoise aonta leis consented to this, Keat. ii 2968. doratt T. aonta ┐ umhla dó, AFM vi 1934.11 . cen oentaidh phecaid [sic leg.] fir graidh without abetting, RC xxxvii 346 § 27. d'aonta na nÉireannach (= de consensu Ibernorum), Keat. iii 2903 . gur thoghadar . . . d'aon-aonta Maoilseachlainn 'na airdrígh with one consent, 2868 . dochóidh fein ┐ a brathair d'aon-aonta i n-acchaidh Gall, AFM v 1744.20 . d'én-toil ┐ d'én- aontaidh, iii 232.14 . do ghluaiseadar d'aon-aitheasc ┐ a [om.] d'aon-aonta, Maguires of F. § 43. Of a single person: do gabh an t-oglach aen-aenta ag luamhairecht an curaigh `all alone(?)' (? with a will), Ériu iii 156.9 .

(e) of sexual union: nā findfad [Muire] oentaid fherscail, PH 2012. tainic d'iarraidh Osnaidhe | flaith Oirbsen, fuair a haentaidh, ZCP xiii 18.18 . doronsat aenta iarsin .i. Cond ┐ an ingin, Ériu iii 154.7 . Cf. Aen. 733. tarraid Ailill Fergus ic techt i n-oentaid Medba, TBC-LL¹ 2868.

2 so, su

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 so, su or dil.ie/38192
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: su-, so-, su-, sonairt, soibheart, soifer, soicheneol, sogh-, soth-, soghthengaid, soighidirdhealbhtha, sothbiadach, sothchroidheach, suacubuir, sochenēuil, sochoisc, soacallaim, soāig, Sodelbi

prefix leniting the follg. initial. In hiatus usually su-; in other positions so- and su- alternate without regard to the quality of the vowel in the next syll., GOI § 365 . In old compds. with follg. neutral consonance: sonairt (nert), solus (lés), ib. § 166 . Later felt as an autonomous element of the compd. and adopts the quality of the vowel of follg. syll., e.g. soibheart, Dánta Gr. 41.27 . soifer, Leb. Gab.(i) 156 n. 4 . soicheneol, MR 96.6 . Occasionally spelt sogh-, soth-: soghthengaid, O'Curry 444 . soighidirdhealbhtha, Luc. Fid. 375.1 . sothbiadach, Laws i 42.4. Comm . sothchroidheach, Donlevy 62.24 . Used in composition with nouns, adjectives, participles, verbals of necessity, and rarely with verbs. When prefixed to nouns to form adjj. the resulting formations, when from o- and ā- stems, generally assume i-inflexion: suacubuir, Ml. 67c8 (accobor). sochenēuil, 101d12 (cenél). sochoisc, Wb. 30b28 (cosc). (Note, however, sásad sognass, Anecd. i 60 § 84 . a slesaib saerclann socineol, Stair Erc. 894 ). The usage in the case of u- stems varies: bad sochrud, Wb. 6a30 . fer sochraid, SR 5751 . mad . . . socomais (socomas, v.l.), ZCP xiv 369 § 30 (commus). On the model of compds. of o- and ā- stems compds. are freely formed in the later language by prefixing so- to the gs. of any noun, the resulting formations being treated as attrib. genitives and left uninflected (see Bergin, Ériu xii 229 ): ben . . . soacallma, MacCongl. 97.3 . lind . . . soóla, TBC-LL¹ 3025 . saerṡloinnti soicheneoil, MR 96.9 . Nouns formed by prefixing so to o- and ā- stems usually retain the declension of the simplex. Note, however, soacallaim (soacallma, soacallmacht, v.ll.) `affability', Tec. Corm. § 1.5 . soāig (ág), Ériu i 118 § 8 .

Freq. used to form artificial compds. in etymological glosses: so-abb gl. sab, ACC 26 . so-acomol gl. socomul, Laws ii 362.4 Comm . so-ána gl. sona, i 42.7 Comm . soth-cedach .i. socothach .i. sothbiadach, 42.4 Comm . so-raidid gl. saeraid, 92.z Comm . Note also: fer . . . sofer a saerughudh, Auraic. 1797 .

The follg. list is illustrative only. Words no longer felt as compds. of so-, e.g. solus (so+lés), sonairt (so+nert), etc., are given as separate articles.

(a) With nouns to form nouns in meaning good . . ., excellent . . . (sometimes with merely intensive force, or for alliteration). With verbal nouns in certain constructions the force is adverbial ( well ). ¤aicsinae comeliness : cia an ghein ba samalta ris . . . ar shofhaicsina `in good looks', Leb. Gab.(i) 98 n. 8 . ¤acallaim affability, ease of address : s. (soacallma, soacallmacht, v.ll.) cen mórdataid `affability without haughtiness', Tec. Corm. § 1.5 . ¤aice a good fosterage, upbringing : aurail coimperta i soaici sochraiti is cor cach techta `das Anbefehlen von `Zeugung' (Kindern) in eine wohlbefreundete (?) gute Erziehung ist ein Vertrag nach aller Gebühr', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 26.4 (= Laws ii 360.28 ). ¤áig: nī soāig nā soairle coimērgi frit mac `it is not fair fight nor wise to rise up against thy own son', Ériu i 118 § 8 . ¤áilgis a good request, suit, claim : bes no soailgis, O'Dav. 1432 . ¤aimser a prosperous time: nō go tāinic s. ann (as oppd. to a period of famine), ML² 112 . go rug sí ar an soaimsir `so that she survived to the period of prosperity', TD 15.34 . ¤airlabra eloquence : .uii. so-urlabra súadh in gach tengaidh díb, RC xxiv 381.11 . ¤airlabraid an eloquent man, an orator : Sencha mac Ailella . . . soirlabraid (saerlabhraidh, erlabraid v.ll.) Ulad, TBC-LL¹ 5233 . ¤airle good counsel : fri sorecht, fri s., Laws iii 22.9 . ¤airm a noble place : túargaib tar cach s. sair | tomaidm locha Léin lindmair, Metr. Dinds. iii 262.43 . ¤aithesc a favourable reply : adfet nach fuair Antenor s. uaidibh, BB 423a32 . ¤altar good fosterage : s., mialtar, . . . ro-altar, Laws i 168.1 . ¤balad good smell, fragrance : boltanugud ┐ s., Laud 610, fo. 25b (Plummer MS. notes). ¤ball a healthy limb : ac Diancécht na s. slán, Metr. Dinds. iii 438.3 . ¤bard: memur fri cach s. sen, Auraic. 1996 . ¤ben: tosach sodcha s. the beginning of fortune is a good wife, Anecd. iii 16.20 . ¤bert a good action, a noble deed : le brath soibheart cuaine Cuinn, Dánta Gr. 41.27 . táinic leo a los a soibheart | cosnam clú do . . ., Miscell. Celt. Soc. 370.26 . ¤bérla: is Sencha . . . ar síd ┐ ar ṡo-berla he is a Sencha for peace and good speech, CRR 27 . ¤bérlaid a good or skilful speaker : Sencha . . . s. fher in talman ┐ fer sídaigthi slúaig Ulad, MU² 757 . Sencha s., LU 10285 . ¤bérlaige pleasantness of speech : do solabarthai ┐ do soberlaigi, YBL 86a53 . ¤blad good fame : cona slóg co s. sain, Metr. Dinds. iii 268.27 . ¤brón cheerfulness : ge dha bhi subha ┐ sobron ┐ somenma ar Ulltaibh desin, ZCP viii 539.19 . ¤brostugud the act of stirring up effectively : flesc arggit . . . i lláim ind arad ic s. na hechraide, LL 189b39 . ¤charthainne: do bí síth ┐ sáime ┐ s. rena linn `amity and peace and quiet', Caithr. Thoirdh. 2.22 . ¤charthannaige charity : do bfollus búidhe ┐ socharthanaighe in epscop naemhtha Déclan, ITS xvi 34.7 . ¤chéimm joyful step : mithigh soicheim go síol gCárthaigh, Ó Bruad. iii 200.1 . ¤ chinded good determination or settlement?: cach socindiud dib sin d'eachaib ┐ srianaib (gloss on saescuir), Laws iii 22.31 Comm . ¤chlann: dobert doib la sidhe (leg. sídh, Ed.) is sochlainn righe Raithlinn `with peace and goodly children', Lism. L. 2143 . ¤chocad easy or successful warfare : ferr sīdh s., Anecd. iii 19.5 . ¤chomairle good counsel : ar fogebadh slainti ┐ sochomairle tria senmam (leg. senmaim) a buinne degabail, D IV 2, 53va29 . ¤chomét: sochomet .i. daghcometas seanchas ┐ a cuimniud, O'Curry 2022 ( H 4.22, p. 49 ). ¤chonách good success, good fortune : mét soinmigi ┐ so-conaigh Poimp, CCath. 5023 . ¤choisce docility : tréde immi-foilnge gáis do baeth, ecna, fosta, s., Triads 194 . treidhe glanus cride duine .i. sochoisci ┐ miscais in cendtair ┐ serc ind alltair, O'D. 992 ( H 3.17, col. 855 ). ¤choiscithe: re bhreith-cheirt a breitheamhan, re s. a soithchern `regularity', MR 102.16 . ¤chostud: a sobés a s. `her good custom, her good manners' (of Ireland), Ériu iv 148.3 . ¤chumtach: neoch mar imḟuaíg snathat d'ór iarna írbrunniud, no d'argut arna ṡ., LL 189a50 . ¤dáil: in buidi, in derg, derb dána | nisgaib fergg fri sodála (of the winds), SR 60 . D. fri gach sodhail soin `D. born to every happiness', Mart. Don. 290.23 . ¤dám a good or proper retinue : caite ceathar sodam gacha gráidh?, O'D. 981 ( H 3.17, col. 779 ). ¤damna good material : dotrua comarda uaim | bid sodamna (bidsodomna, MS.) frit banbúaid, SR 6118 . cach sodomna ríg, LL 147a46 . ¤dath: go s. firinne, O'Curry 2599 ( Eg. 88, fo. 51a ). ¤deibech successful strife : itir sith is tṡodeibech, Irish Texts i 61 § 51 . ¤delb: trí héitich docelat cáin . . . s. cen tothucht `three ugly things that hide fairness . . . a fine person without substance', Triads 85 . a sos, a s., a sulbairi (of Ireland) Ériu iv 146.10 . As npr. eiter G. ┐ Sodeilb ingein Chormaic, ZCP xii 375.16 . g s. Sodelbi, ib. 1 . Sodealb is Cummain, Irish Texts iii 67 § 174 . ¤dindgna a strong fortress : Temair . . . forsmbít sosta sodindgna, Metr. Dinds. i 10.66 . ¤duine inhabitant of a sid : conbuiretar i caomthach na s., ZCP viii 104.19 . ¤fhégad act of seeing well, of observing carefully : dena ar s. riasiu dogné feirg rind, RC xxvi 17 n. 3 . ¤fheithem great attention : ba hadbar galair disi an soi-feithemh do roinne ar Lugaidh ┐ é gan édach, Leb. Gab.(i) 272 n. 5 . ¤fhíadu a good witness : co sorathaib ┐ sofiadnaib, O'D. 820 ( H 3.17, 586 ). ¤fhilltiugud act of making flexible : do sofilltiugud a adbair, CCath. 5218 . ¤fhis see sous. ¤fhostad act of holding well, firmly : each . . . cona srian . . . ima ceand da sofosdad do reir cora, Laws v 62.22 Comm . ¤fhrecra: múchadh feirge soifhreagra `a soft answer turneth away wrath', Ir. Prov. 84 . ¤gaes great wisdom : im sogáes mac Sen-Garmna, Metr. Dinds. iii 244.36 . maith treoir a so-ghaoise so, Content. xxv 12 . ¤gairm act of praising; a pleasant name: eól dam fri s. snaitte | comainm Crúachna comnairte `known to me by smooth-spoken eulogy', Metr. Dinds. iii 348.17 . s. sóer sléibe sen-Míss, 240.20 . ¤gein: soighein bha ré san ríoghacht a noble person, L. Cl. A. B. 257.160 . Of animals: sogein .i. daggin .i. bo maith, ut est cona seasga sogin sét, O'Dav. 1441 . ¤gemm: Saran s. .i. gemm maith, Gorm. Sept. 21 . Cf. soigheam .i. geam maith .i. cloch uasal mhaith, O'Cl. ? ¤gen(n)acht pride, spiritedness : do hotlacht ┐ do hoghenacht su, ZCP viii 549.16 . ¤gnás good manners, custom, usage : trí seithir sotcaid: sognas, sochell, súarcus, Triads 210 . trí seithir sognáise: feidle, soithnges, cuinnmíne, 208 . móithfe sognáiss cach síde `he will delight the company of every fairy knoll', Imr. Brain 52 . ¤gním: sógnim maithiusa virtuous act, LB 156a13 . bheith seadhmhar ré saothrughadh na subháilceadh ┐ na soighníomh, TSh. 1811 . toirmeascc do chor ar shoighniomhaibh muinntire an bharúin . . . isin ffearonn sin `to prevent the Baron's people from working on those lands', AFM vi 2040.z . ¤gnímrad good works, virtuous acts : suidfither gach aon duine . . . ar miadh ┐ ar dligedh ┐ ar a sognim[r]adh, RC xxviii 322.11 . ¤goídelg (lit. good Irish) eloquence : áilgine, saidbres, sogóidelg (among the requirements of a noblewoman), Tec. Corm. § 54.20 . ¤grád great love : Secundin co s. very affectionate S., Gorm. Feb. 21 . rob tuar soghráidh a silleadh, Studies 1921, 74 § 6 . good degree or rank : fri srethblaid ┐ s., LL 146a9 . ¤imól good drinking-round : Fig. maidith . . . in sluag forna doirsi[u] co-rralsat soïmōl for lár ind liss, Sc.M² 18 . ¤insce, inscne good speech, eloquence : cach soinnsce solam, Cóic Con. 22.16 . a senchas, a soinscni (of Ireland), Ériu iv 162.7 . ¤istad good habitation : oga ndecsain dar a soistud, Laws iv 176.z Comm . ¤labairt good speech, eloquence : da mbeitís secht tengtha im cind ┐ secht solabarta súadh cecha tengad dib, Acall. 7551 . ¤labarthae eloquence : do solabarthai ┐ do soberlaigi, YBL 86a53 . ¤labarthaige: da ṡolabartaigi da labradaís `however eloquently they might speak', RC xxiv 383.8 . ¤laech a good warrior : ba buaid solaích, LL 32 marg. inf. ¤lorg a brave troop : robái Echaid . . . | for srethaib saidbre a ṡoluirg, Metr. Dinds. iii 352.66 . ¤maise beauty : rogabastar int ara . . . a chathbar . . . ba somassi dosom sin, TBC-I¹ 1878 . re somaisi na mergedh ┐ na minn rigda, CCath. 4987 . somhaise ┐ sláinte a chuirp, TSh. 7963 . ¤marbthacht mortality : ag bioth-chuimhniughadh an bháis ┐ shomharbhthachta an duine, TSh. 135 . ¤méin a good disposition : Suuithun co soimein, Gorm. July 2 . ¤menma: rodhúisigh fó somhenmain `he awoke refreshed', Ériu iii 158 § 10 . dorad seitrichi ┐ somenmain don tshlogh . . ., Aen. 2088 . an trath leicces a leabra | do cach as cúis tsoimenma, Irish Texts ii 52.18 . ¤míad great honour, respect, glory : gairmebtair . . . co s. . . . na naím, LU 2460 . dligid athair s., ZCP vi 261.23 . ni ḟuair do ṡomíadh acht cuirp Ua Cendselaig (of the results of a battle), RC xviii 268.4 . Nodlaig do bhádhas ag Brían | gum shochar is gum shoimhíadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1649 . ¤mind a goodly diadem; Senan s., Gorm. Sept. 30 . ¤oígidecht good entertainment, hospitality : rodfia suaighidheacht aidchi sunn anocht, RC xv 206.1 . ¤ráith good surety : arach for soraith nad elai .i. for dagraith, Laws i 118.6 , 21 Comm . fal fir fosaither dagnadmann co sorathaib, O'D. 820 ( H 3.17, p. 586 ). ¤recht good law : fri s., fri soairle, Laws iii 22.9 . ¤réidiugad act of smoothing out, making easy : rogab for guidi an Choimded ina croisfigill ma soreidachadh dó, D IV 2, 57va34 . ¤shén good or lucky sign : cia s. ┐ solud búi for in ló i mbátar, TBC-LL¹ 1072 . ¤shíd good peace (?): cen sosid fri toirsi atraig | tarmairt Dauid a haidid, SR 6443 . ¤shín fine weather : co haimsir tsamraid ┐ sosini, CCath. 1361 . ¤shlúag a good or brave host : d'fhir imdích s. sadha, Auraic. 5333 . ¤spirut: amal a s. gl. a Domini Spiritu, Wb. 15b7 . ¤thecosc good instruction : ferrdi sluag sothecusc, MR 158.13 . ¤thengthaid a good speaker, an advocate : airecht fodesin . . . suitengtaidh nodofethaigthear, ZCP xii 360.11 . ¤thinmige sharpness : geraither cloidem senta sothinmiche cach serra, TBC-LL¹ 5602 .

(b) With nouns to form adjectives (on inflexion see above). Here, with nouns other than verbal nouns, the force of so- is as in (a) ( ¤chenéil lit. of, having a good family). With verbal nouns and other nouns implying action the meaning good, fit for, worth is often present ( ¤óil good to drink), but most freq. so- here conveys the idea of ease, facility, possibility , etc.

¤accallma affable, sociable : atcondarc and in suid sulbair s., LL 116a33 . ¤aithne easily known, intelligible, recognizable : adeir Aristotul nach s. an íle ach do leith na hanalogia, O'Gr. Cat. 254.18 . ¤aitrib easily inhabited : in dara crich s., Ir. Astr. Tr. 138.24 . ¤béoil: Sencha sobeóil eloquent, LL 123b5 . re foiléim t'eich ṡing ṡoibhéil sensitive, Aithd. D. 15.15 . ¤blegoin in good milk (of a cow): soilbech .i. s., O'Dav. 1439 . ¤búair rich in cattle : Araba saidbir s., D IV 2, 53vb16 . ¤chaithme: ubhla s. sirmhillsi, BNnÉ 239 § 170 . ní sgéal sochaithmhe sin `imperishable story', PBocht 23.39 . géag úr nach so-chaithmhe sibh `fresh ever-green branch' (of the Blessed Virgin), A. Ó Dálaigh xxvi 10 . ¤charthana worthy of love, lovable : gradhaigis in rí Mochuda oir bá s. hé, BNnÉ 292 § 8 . ¤chlainn well-born?: ba soalt sochlaind ní súail, Metr. Dinds. ii 28.43 . ¤choisc docile, easily instructed or governed : s. gl. docebilem, patientem, Wb. 30b28 . s. cach so-thengtha[id] `every well-spoken person is tractable', Triads 251 . acht bidis soc[h]oisce, ZCP iii 451.28 . As subst. sái cech s. `every docile person is sage', Tec. Corm. § 15.36 . ¤chomais capable, effective : im-dich cach corp a meamra ma[d] socorp . . . sofoltach s. (socumas, v.l.) `mit richtiger Macht', ZCP xiv 369 § 30 (= Laws ii 278.20 ). ¤chomráid conversable, sociable : roba s. Iubdán, SG 239.1 . ¤chonáich prosperous, successful : ua saidbir sochonaig d'erraib ┐ d'armaib . . . int olen sin, TTebe 1927 . fear síothchanta sochonaigh `a peaceable affluent man', AFM iv 858.4 . ¤chorp of good body: mad s. sognimuch, ZCP xiv 369 § 30 . ag loige . . . slan s., Laws ii 246.1 . ¤chu- handsome : más masla bheith sorcha sochumaidh, Ó Bruad. iii 218 § 6 . ¤chumainn lovable : mor ngiolla saor sochomainn | dom lucht chumainn, TD 36.1 . soercland suairc . . . sochomaind, Cog. 178.13 . — dath finely coloured : la slúag slán sóer s., Fél. Aug. 10 . ¤dedla: foghnamh . . . ris nach soidheaghla which is difficult to relinquish, Studies 1932, 140 § 1 . ¤delba comely, handsome : a bhall sliombog soidhealbha, TD 21.6 . ¤déinme: laoich ren soidhéinmhe síodh ban `warriors with whom women readily make peace', TD 9.30 . laoich na ngreagh soidhéinmhe seang `warriors with sleek shapely steeds', 2.25 . ¤deraid: gnúis chorcra ón soidhearaidh síodh `ruddy cheek by whom peace is readily rejected', TD 13.46 . ¤derc visible: compar. airm bes . . . soderci . . . nó bes forréil ann, O'Dav. 1276 . ¤dígail easily avenged (?): lathris solchend sodigail soisilgeneth (rhetoric), ZCP viii 307.4 . ¤díla easily satisfied, requited : soidhíola do Mhac, a Mhuire, Dán Dé x 26 . ¤dula: ro líon an mhuir isin ffersait tarsa ttangattar . . . co nár bhó sodhula tairsi idir so that one could not traverse it, AFM v 1614.22 . an sruth do bhí sodhola dá shluagaib, SG 10.2 . ¤eólais easy to know or follow : glacfaid an slighidh shaobh shoieóluis ┐ casán claon na colla, Mac Aingil 403.5 . ¤fhaicse easily seen, visible : don eagluis shofhaigse, Luc. Fid. 268.z . ¤fhaicsina, ¤fhaircsina visible: an Papa a cenn sofhaicsiona ar talmhuin (of the Church), Parrth. Anma 98.1 . gér bhó soilléir sofhairccsiona luisne ┐ lasracha an bhaile, AFM vi 1956.17 . ¤fhéchain easy to see : co mba sofechain do Nestoir inni sin, BB 434a38 . ¤fhorcetail of good teaching : in morbriughaidh sona sofhoircetuil (of St. Senán), Lism. L. 2469 . ¤fhulaing: cēin bói int aingel forsin cloich ba rothē dó, intan téged for imaire ūad bā s. do tolerable, MacCongl. 31.15 . ba brigh bhecc (sofuluing, sofulaincc, v.ll.) le muintir Césair sin, CCath. 1875 . suilig .i. sofulaing, O'Curry 1298 ( H 3.18, 539a ). ráod sofuluing susceptible (of milk), Rosa Angl. 112.9 . ¤gabála: ó a mbeith an teanga saidhbhir so-ghabhála ar na neithibh maithi atá sna teangthaibh eile, Desid. 32 (see Gloss.). o thicc ailghes an choblighe ni soghabala fris `it is not easy to hold out against it', Leb. Gab.(i) 30.8 . ¤garma ready at call, easy of access : ní maor so nach sagharma, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxi 1 . ¤geis having good `gessa' (?): rop sogeis [in flaith], Tec. Corm. § 6.3 . ¤gnáis, ¤gnás well-bred, sociable : rop sognais [in flaith], Tec. Corm. § 6.17 . for a slóg sochraid sognáis (: mbáis) `among the seemly orderly host', Metr. Dinds. iii 452.42 . See sognas. ¤gráda of good degree or rank : niba ceim soer sograda | tecait druing duba demna, SR 8283 . ¤ gráid lovely : manbad ruirig nimi nair | conic cach suilig s. noble, SR 4182 . an thaobh s. slis-gheal slim, Studies 1928, 676 § 19 . ¤gráid of good degree or rank : for topur s. Segsa `upon the honoured well of S.', Metr. Dinds. iii 288.35 . ¤guide attentive to prayer : soghuidhe an rí tres an ríoghain, DDána 30.27 . ¤id easily yoked, submissive : feil inghen séim soid (disyll.), Gorm. Oct. 26 . ¤imberta easily wielded: compar. bendachais P. na íarnda comdar soimmbertu . . . de, Trip.² 2594 . ¤impóid easily changed or turned : losa grennuidhes in fual ┐ in tallus, curob soimpoigh a linn ruadh e, Rosa Angl. 88.11 . ¤imrim, ¤imrime: cach rudh so-imrim penetrable, O'Curry 734 ( H 3.18, p. 351 ). ech . . . soimrime manageable, O'Curry 1864 ( 23 P 3, 20a ). ¤imthechta easily traversable : claonus an choill do gach leith go ndearnadh bealach socar s. thrithe, BNnÉ 159.9 . ¤lámachtaige palpable : dorogart in draí demnu co tuc dorchai sholamachtaige darsin mag, Three Hom. 26.7 . ¤lámaig dexterous : tucc sidhe sanntach solamhaigh dia shaighidh, AFM vi 2114.22 . ¤leptha: fir lén clúmh cuilte sneachta | gasradh ṡuirgheach ṡoileaptha `amorous ardent youths', TD 21.7 . fa neamh do bhrú a bhanaltra | do budh tú a theagh soileabhtha `thou wert His (Christ's) comfortable dwelling', PBocht 19.14 . (?) ¤lomraid good shearing, yielding much wool : cairaich . . . sochraid solomra[i]d, O'Curry 251 ( H 3.18, 145b ). ¤marthain abiding, permanent : an seanoir s., Skene, Chronicles of the Picts and Scots 101.8 . ¤mesc, ¤mesca intoxicating : ra dáled lind soóla socháin somesc fair, TBC-LL¹ 3025 . midh . . . somesca, Acall. 4961 . leanna somesca, Lism. L. xxxvii 31 . ¤naisc well bound : coir n-athcomairc do-eclannar im cach solam s., Cóic Con. 22 § 18 . ¤óil, ¤óla good to drink : do choirm ṡomlasda ṡo-óil, DDána 85.37 . ra dáled lind soóla . . . fair, TBC-LL¹ 3025 . fleadha somhilsi soóla, Maguires of F. 35 . ¤pháirte: luit báis Dé nach dochaointe | ón pháis is sé s. `twas His Passion that made Him so easy to love (?)', PBocht 19.3 . ¤radairc fair to see : fona minnaib sliptha so-radhaircc, ZCP i 366.3 . ¤ronna kindly, affable : go mbí sochroidheach s. ris gach n-aon, TSh. 8085 . ¤shnadma easily bound: fir ris nach soshnadhma síoth, DDána 106.18 . ¤thacmaing, ¤thacmaig enveloping : inar sroill sothachmaing, Acall. 5808 v.l. gabsaid rigi siar co sir | na caim fa sothacmaig saer, Lec. 204ra25 (= cia sochomtaic, BB 45a1 ). ¤thecoisc, ¤thecuisc docile, teachable : bidh sotheguiscc amailled re comairled duine oile, Ériu v 134 § 79 . atá sí glan . . . sotheaguisg, James iii 17 . ¤thaíb fair-sided: do frithóil sgor seang sothaíbh, IGT Verbs ex. 610 . ¤thinchoisc amenable to instruction. As subst.: is súi cech sothinchoisc slán, Ériu ix 48 § 23 . ¤thuicse intelligible: compar. mínigh dhamh ni as sothuigsi, Desid. 3138 . ¤thuicsena intelligible : atá aní ann féin sothuigseana, TSh. 2900 . ¤thuitme: ata sé s. urusa chum cach uilc = proclivis, ITS xxix 150.35 . ¤urfhuigill easily persuaded, gullible : is s. hi docum a h-aimlesa, De Contemptu 673 .

(c) With adjectives to form adjectives. In a few cases only ( ¤bocc, ¤breg, ¤chaín, ¤lethan, ¤thig, ¤thoirsech, ¤ullam) merely intensive. Freq. in adjectives derived from nouns, a formation based on (a) above. Also in compds. where the second element has the form of a participle or verbal of necessity. Here so- has the same meanings as with verbal nouns in (b) above, and possibly this formation, which is on the whole late, may have originated in cases where the participle had the same form as the gs. of the verbal noun. ¤ac(c)allmach fair-spoken, affable : rop soacallmach [in flaith], Tec. Corm. § 6.7 . ¤accobrach: ūair ba sánntach s. mbánbíd in scolaige, MacCongl. 9.15 . rop s. [in flaith] `let him have good desires', Tec. Corm. § 6.6 . ¤accobraiti desirable : ni ba so-accobraite on `she will not be desirable then', Ériu v 209.25 . ¤acmaingech of good means, affluent, liberal: ba soacmuingech tuarusduil . . . doib, ALC i 276.4 . ¤áirmide easily reckoned : do marb ní nach soairmidhi díbh, Fier. 233 . ¤airmitnech very honorable : bá sruith s. in saerphopul, Alex. 460 . ¤aithenta: i do bheith soghaitheanta (of the church), Luc. Fid. 375.1 . ¤aitrebtha habitable : dona . . . crichaib soaitrebta, Ir. Astr. Tr. 6.1 . ¤aitribthide habitable: suaitribthidi gl. habitabiles, Ml. 126a12 . ¤astaide see saitside. ¤bethuigthe well nourished, well fed. Adv. do chaithiodar . . . a n-aimsior . . . go subach somheanmnach soibheathuighthe, PCT 100 . ¤básaigthe subject to death, mortal : créutúir réusunta sobhasaighthe (of man), Parrth. Anma 68.2 . ¤beirthe easily brought : dá lár is soibheirthe sionn, DDána 45.3 . ¤bésach having good manners or morals : imdich cach corp a meamra ma[d] socorp sognimuch sobesuch `wenn er in gutem Zustand ist inbetreff . . . der Sitten', ZCP xiv 369 § 30 (= Laws ii 278.20 ). a sleasaibh segaindi soibesacha saerclannta, Aen. 2824 . ¤bocc pliant, accommodating, gentle : sē sām[fh]ind s., MacCongl. 87.8 . ¤bogtha easily moved : dochum nach bhíadh éunduine . . . sobhogtha 'sna buaidhearthuibh se, 1 Thessal. iii 3 . ¤breg very fine: a crichaibh seghmura sobreagha Saxan, ZCP vi 68.30 . ¤brígach very strong, mighty : ba sobrioghach nertmar Fergus don gniomh sin, Leb. Gab.(i) 108 n. 5 . ¤briste brittle: soibhriste snáth ar saoghail, Dánta Gr. 16.60 . ¤brónach cheerful, glad : nirdar subaig . . . sobbronaig . . . rapsat dubaig dobbrónaig, TBC-LL¹ 3242 . gur'bhat subaigh sobrónaigh uili iat, Acall. 2303 . Adv. ro chaithedur ind adhaig sin co subach s., 2457 . ¤brostuigthe easily stirred up or provoked : ní sobhrosduigh[th]e é chum feirge, 1 Corinth. xiii 5 . ¤buidech very grateful : atá siad . . . sobhuidheacha grádhach (of a people), Corp. Astron. 84.11 . ¤búalta easily struck : do land is sí s. | cam dhí doba dodhénta, IGT Decl. ex. 1282 . ¤chaín very good, excellent, choice : lind soóla sochain somesc, TBC-LL¹ 3025 . coma s. ri sillad, TTebe 3742 . ¤chairdech very friendly : aurail coimperta i soaici sochraiti glossed .i. aurail . . . clainde a ndagaice be[s] s. sochur doibh, Laws ii 362.2 Comm . (= a clann co deghaite deghcairdech, O'Dav. 137 ). ¤charthanach lovable, amiable, friendly, kind : is suairc s. he ┐ is urusa serc do thabairt do, BB 456a42 . Of inanimate objects: muigi . . . in tíre solusta, suaichnid, sochartanaig `famous, lovable' (of Tír Tairngiri), Lism. L. 3856 . gurbo . . . seimidhe s. in fairrgi, CF 55 . compar. níis socarthanaigh[i] gl. amabilior, Ir. Gl. 1125 . ¤charthe easily loved, attractive : is e . . . suairc s., Mackinnon Cat. 199.18 . ¤chétfadach: ar is soc[h]etfadach cech duil i lleth fria duilem for every separate creature is very sensible of its Creator, Todd Nenn. 51.4 . ¤chlaechlaigthe, ¤chlaechlaithe easily changed : atā corp in duine ēgsamail sochlaechluigthi, RSláinte 77 . [cúig] féilti soclaecloithi `five moveable feasts', O'Gr. Cat. 309.9 . (?) ¤chlaíte: oibrighidh mar leigius fuar oir ata brigh ṡochlaoite innti, 23 K 42, 436.18 . ¤choimhlíonta easily fulfilled : go bhfuilid a aitheanta-som . . . s. maillé re na ghrásaibh, Donlevy 52.9 . ¤chomairlech giving good counsel (susceptible of advice?): fer mórmenmnach . . . sídhamail s. é, CCath. 328 . ¤chorach capable of making a valid contract : s. cach saer `every saer-person may make a contract', Laws iii 8.14 . ¤chortha easily fatigued : dá dtig an reathaidhe do bheith aillseach s., TSh. 10727 . ¤chreitmech credulous, believing : adeir go mbíd Éireannaigh chomh soichreidmheach sin ionnus cibé nídh adéaradh a n-uachtarán . . . go measaid a bheith 'na fhírinne, Keat. i 62.12 . ¤ chreitte easily believed : conadh esdibh-sin uile as soichrete iliomad eōlach Ēreann, Celtica i 93.183 . ¤chridech good-hearted, kind : mar do díochuir Conaire ár gcáirdeas le briathraibh sochraoidheacha `good-natured conversation', ML 118.12 . go mbí sochroidheach soronna ris gach n-aon = caritas . . . benigna est, TSh. 8082 . Adv. taisbén dúinn, a thigherna, go sochroidhech do thrócaire, Parrth. Anma 304.1 . ¤chumscaigthech mobile, agile : ind uili nanmand mbeothach ┐ socumscaightheach, BB 15b26 . ¤delbach well shaped, beautiful : ri sochraidh sodhelbach, Aisl. Tond. 137.21 . cleirech seghdha soidhealbach, KMMisc. 317.22 . As subst.: déana eidirdhealughadh . . . idir an soidhealbhach ┐ an doidhealbhach = discerne . . . pulcrum a deformi, TSh. 7734 . ¤delbda shapely, comely : ocon buidin ṡ. ṡaerchenélaig sin, ZCP xi 62.4 . As subst.: an tsoidhealbhdha ág áluinn, DDána 112.7 . ¤dénta easily done, practicable : ata soidhéanta ag Dia, BNnÉ 12 n. 11 . go ndeuna taithíghe líonmhar an deighghníomha sa soilléir soidheunta é, Donlevy 472.1 . ¤derctha easily seen : co . . . narbo soidercctai oenball dia curp, CCath. 4699 . ¤dergtha: gnúis shoidheargtha ag an óigh aingligh `the blushing face of the angelic maiden' (of Mary), PBocht 4.25 . ¤dílegtha easily digested : co ndliginn oileamain na sean-daineadh beith s., RSláinte 845 . ¤diubraicthe easily thrown, suitable for hurling : roghabh a dhá ṡleagh . . . gona semanuibh soidhiubhruc[th]e, RC xxix 128 § 38 . ¤dolbtha: focheird . . | airchur . . . | segda sodalbtha, SR 6155 . ¤érmach very lively, spirited : robai a ech socair soermach, TTebe 1384 . ¤erráidech prone to error, easily mistaken : soimheallta, sothuitimeach, soighearraideach, Luc. Fid. 334.1 . ¤eterdelbtha easily distinguished : soighidirdhealbhtha o uile sheict ┐ coimhthinol earraideach (of the church), Luc. Fid. 375.1 . ¤fhaicsenach fit to look at, pleasing : dena tú fein so-fhaicsianach do Dhia, ITS xxix 198.10 . ¤fhaicsigthe easily seen, visible : is re haghaidh an duine do cruthuigheadh an saoghul s.-se go léir, Donlevy 476.22 . ¤fhégtha: s. air nach fuil ainm = visibilia innominata, Mackinnon Cat. 40.14 . ¤fhillte easily bent, pliable : an uair bhíos (sc. slat) cruaidh . . . ┐ nách bí soifhillte, Desid. 2175 . ¤fhilltech pliable, easily folded : ro gab inar suairc suata s., CCath. 4674 . claidem . . . sithrigin sohfillteach, 4688 . ¤fholmuigthe easily emptied : an tan as ail an corp do phurgoidiugadh as eigin . . . a dhenamh sofholmhuighthe = fluidus, 23 K 42, 15.1 . ¤fholtach of good qualifications or deeds. Used of a `flaith' and `céle' who rightly observe their reciprocal duties: im-dich cach corp a meamra, ma[d] socorp . . . slan s. `wenn er ist von gutem Gehaben', ZCP xiv 369 § 30 (= Laws ii 278.20 ). nach cele s. ┐ mad anfoltach in flaith, ZCP xiv 391 § 58 (= Laws ii 332.10 ). tobert doib taisiuc na flatha ┐ ni bo s. friu disin, RC xii 70 § 40 ; 'he was not able to discharge his obligations to them' Peritia v 149 . As subst.: is a reir in sofoltaig as-renar `nach der Bestimmung des Wohl-Qualifizierten', ZCP xiv 391 § 58 . ¤fhorfáilid very glad, cheerful : rodailedh lind ┐ biadh doib . . . co mbadar subhaigh soforbailig (soforfailig, v.l.), IT iii 197.20 . ¤fhulachta endurable : ba soolachta dam iartain fulang a brotha, RC xlvi 230.10 . ¤gabálta easily handled, managed : corrc[h]athbarr círach . . . sronach so-gabaltae do iarann `capacious', CCath. 5262 . Freq. as an epithet of horses: for dá n-echaib . . . sogabalta, TBC-I¹ 1974 , `well-yoked' Faraday. tri cóecait gabur . . . itt é beólaide, s[o]aitside, sogabáldai `easily yoked', BDD 51 . ¤gabáltach: for dib echaib . . . denmecha suntrigsigh sogabaltaich, TBC-I¹ 2333 . leth don cholaind sogubbhaltaigh `well-conditioned' (of a fattened pig), Laws ii 414.2 . ¤gabtha easily accepted (?): in dub . . . | in temen . . . | ind odar, doirchi datha | nidat soirchi s., SR 64 . ¤gelta well grazed : sochorp subaid s. `gut im Futter' (of a bullock), ZCP xiv 351 § 9 (= Laws ii 246.1 ). ¤genda (gein) well born; spirited, proud : oglach sotal so-ghenna eisin, TBC-LL¹ p. 301 n. 2 . Adv. dochōdai-siu co soindim sogenda remond isin teach, TBC-I¹ 2498 . ¤gerrtha: sinech shármór s. | loch Rugraide rithestar (rhetoric) vulnerable (?), SG 251.24 . ¤gessi: bid saidbir, bid sogeisse (sogessi, sogheis, v.ll.) `leicht zu erbitten', ZCP xi 87 § 52 . ¤glactha that may be felt: áit 'na bhfuil . . . dorchadas s. = palpabiles, TSh. 6596 . ¤glúaiste easily moved, movable : inmobilis (leg. mobilis) a Laitin, sogluaisti a Gaidilg, O'Curry 1284 ( H 3.18, 535 ). dá madh ní soghluaiste an Eire sin, ML 44.4 . bíd soghluaiste chum feirge fo bheag-adhbhar, Corp. Astron. 70.19 . a huile shealbha sogluaiste, AFM vi 2148.4 . doréidhidh íad go socair sóghlúaisde `he broke them in until (they were) quiet and easily-ridden' (of horses), Ériu v 190.483 . mul socair sogluasta `a comfortable, easy-riding mule', ZCP vi 283.21 . ataid a slíghthe soghlúaiste `her ways are moveable', Proverbs v 6 . i maitheas shoghluaisde an tsaoghail se transient, TSh. 343 . ¤gnásach, ¤gnásaich having good manners (?), sociable (?): robo ṡoghnasach ┐ ba hailghin ac a haltrum, RC vi 174.9 . bud sognasaig soacallma, SG 253.31 . ¤glan very pure : a c[h]omrād ba s. sēim (of Colum Cille), ZCP vii 303 § 4 . ¤gnímach of good deeds, beneficent, virtuous : im-dich cach corp a meamra ma[d] socorp sognimuch sobesuch `wenn er in gute Zustand ist inbetreff . . . der Handlungen', ZCP xiv 369 § 30 (= Laws ii 278.20 ). do Shinell shoigniomhach, Misc. Hag. Hib. 111 § 33 . Adv. luid roime . . in rí . . co subach s., LB 236a18 . ¤gonta easily wounded, vulnerable : co narbo s. . . . oenball dia curp, CCath. 4699 . ¤grádach very loving; lovable, pleasing : rosc socraidh sogradach lais, BB 427a45 . go raibhe 'na Rígh .. . ro-shoghrádhach, Desid. 6879 . mac Domhnuill ṡaoir ṡoghrádhaigh, TD 32.53 . Adv.: tiagaid co subach sogradach dia tir, BB 238b31 . ¤guiti easily entreated : Fiacha Súigthi .i. soghuithe, ar bá hurusa a etarghuide, Cóir Anm. 168 . ¤impóithech: is i so dani na plained co soimpaidtec ┐ an talam co dogluasta easily revolvable, Ir. Astr. Tr. 120.9 . gurub soimpoitheach a leann ruadh e easily convertible, 23 P 10, 15a9 . ¤lámhachtach easily handled, palpable: compar. ba solamachtaige [cuirp na hesergi] iar fhirinde in aicnid chorpda, PH 6747 . ¤lámaigthe easily handled (?): do éirgidar ceithre hollchúigidh Érenn a crislaighibh . . . a lúireach saidhbhir solámaigthi, Comp. CC 102.1 . ¤lámda, ¤lámaide easily handled, manageable : arm solámhdha, O'Gr. Cat. 510.26 . sitheadh . . . solāmaidhe dexterous, Feis Tighe Chonáin 389 . As subst. excellent handiwork, dexterity (?): érlam scolárda do scríb | dérgadh rígh solámhda súadh, IGT Decl. ex. 184 . ¤lecctha easily brought down : ní soileagtha thú tairsibh `thou art not likely to be overthrown in despite of them', TD 2.18 . ¤légtha legible: compar. nías soleghta gl. legibilior, Ir. Gl. 1126 . ¤leónta easily wounded : tuig gurab éadaingean soileónta do bhí an cholann daonna i nÁdhamh, TSh. 2547 . ¤lepthach luxurious, wanton (?): s. cech suirgech `every lover likes a dainty bed', Tec. Corm. § 13.29 . As subst. finechur gach solebach, Laws iv 374.23 = finichair gach solepaid, O'D. 1007 ( H 2.15A, p. 15a ). ¤lethan very wide, spacious : go himlibh Locha soileathain Ríbh, BS 118.5 . ¤lesaigthe well prepared : fled . . . solum s., SG 238.7 . ¤límtha well polished or whetted : de fhaobharaibh colg . . . solíomhtha, ML 128.19 . ¤logtha easily forgiven, venial : tréna bpeacadhaibh sologhtha, TSh. 4366 . ¤logthach easily forgiven : peacadh marbhthach ┐ peacadh sologhthach, Eochairsg. 73.29 . ¤maisech very beautiful : inar sroill s., Acall. 7267 v.l. na subháilce somhaiseacha chailleas a los an pheacaidh, TSh. 1456 . gurb ardmaigistir isna secht n-eladhnaibh somaisecha saera `seven elegant liberal arts', Stair Erc. 970 . ¤marbtha mortal : ní fhuil ionainne acht daoine so-mharbhtha mar sibhse, TSh. 150 . corp somharbtha, Romans vi 12 . ¤mellta easily deceived, beguiled, enticed : daoine iad uile soimheallta, learab eidir breaga do radh, Luc. Fid. 267.12 . ¤menmnach in good spirits, cheerful, courageous : iarum rancatar dia taig | soera, slana, somenmnaig, SR 3518 . nirdar subaig sámaig . . . somenmnaig lucht puible Fir diad, TBC-LL¹ 3242 . ¤mescda intoxicating : cach lind s., Alex. 869 . ¤míadach very honourable : caecca sruth go soimhiadhach | or bhen sé iascc a linne, BNnÉ 80 § 158 . ¤míanuighthe desirable: lán d'ór ┐ d'airgead ┐ dá gach maoin shoimhianuighthe oile, TSh. 2724 . ¤molta easy to praise; laudable, praiseworthy : erlam uasal adamra s., SG 17.1 . Adv. cionnus do fhéadfadh a bheatha do thabhairt as go subháilceach s., TSh. 651 . compar. níis s. gl. laudabilior, Ir. Gl. 1127 . ¤morgtha, ¤morgaigthe easily corrupted : an oileamain do-gabur ō na torthaib geinid sī fuil shomorguigthi, RSláinte 5016 . doni gach uile thoradh fuil uisgemail somorgtha, Reg. San. 25.21 . ¤mothaigthe palpable, tangible : comharrtha somhothaighthe do chedfadhaibh corparrdha, Parrth. Anma 189.14 . an eaglais . . . sofhaicse, somhothuidhthe, Luc. Fid. 356.12 . ¤mudaigthe perishable, mortal : duine 'na Dhia ┐ uilechumhachtach ┐ Mac Dé 'na dhuine ┐ somhudhaighthe, Desid. 6218 . ¤múinte teachable (?): atait inntleachtach somuinti `refined', Ir. Astr. Tr. 138.26 . ¤óentadach accommodating, agreeable : s. é co sír ┐ bá suilbir dogrés, Cóir Anm. 168 . ¤oscailte dissoluble : gach ni as s. ┐ is laigi dageibh is in talmain beirid se . . . isna srotaib (of rain), Ir. Astr. Tr. 34.15 . ¤oibrigthe excitable (?): in dechmad la fithed . . . is sooibrithe in ti geinter and, C IV 2, 10va1 . ¤ráthaigthe: in iondsma na sleagh semnech sithfoda so-ráthaighthe `wohlbemerkten (?)', TBC-LL¹ 5600 (St.). ¤shásaigthe easily satisfied, moderate, reasonable : léaghthóir comhthrom s., Keat. i 94.15 . ¤shercach very loving : condacomarthar fria feli na sar-rigna sosercaide, YBL 177b35 . ¤shiublach easily travelled : an bóthar réidh só-shiúbhlach, ITS i 4.17 . ¤thaithmigthe easily dissolved or annulled : cor sotaithmithe, O'D. 787 ( H 3.17, 565 ). ¤thecoscda docile, teachable : bid sogradhach soteccuscda, D IV 2, 54ra18 . ¤thillte easily turned : run nach soithillte go síor, Studies 1933, 139 § 6 . ¤thoglaide easily assailable : ua senta sothoglaidi muir a cathrach, TTebe 1597 . ¤thogtha: duine sográdhach s. `sensible', Corm. xli 20 . ¤thoirsech very lamentable : srotha . . . sotoirsech (of hell), Lism. L. 3660 . ¤thorchuitbide: sē sām[fh]ind sobucc sotorchutbide `easily moved to laughter', MacCongl. 87.8 . ¤thregta easily pierced or penetrated : biaidh ruithenda, lúthmhar, sothreghdtha (of bodies at the Resurrection), Parrth. Anma 117.19 . ¤thrúaillithe corruptible: ag soláthar na séad sothruaillithe saoghalta, TSh. 10613 . ¤thuicsech, ¤thuicsenach easily understood, intelligible : flichidheacht ro shéimh nach sotuicsinech, O'Gr. Cat. 249.7 . superl. is i an ghaoidheilg is sothuigsighthe . . . do cuireadh síos ann, Donlevy xxii 14 . Adv. muna mínighthear dhóibh go sothuigsionach, Donlevy viii 28 . ¤thuisledach causing to stumble, slippery : drochet . . . nī thalla nemdīrgi dó air nā ba sothuissledhach, Corm. Y 434 . ¤thuitmech inducing a fall, leading into error : ata bhar ngluais . . . soimheallta, sothuitimeach, Luc. Fid. 334.1 . ¤ullam well prepared, thoroughly ready : slúag sénta s., ALC ii 294.6 .

(d) With verbs: ¤chenélaigidir ennobles : co sochenelaigidir, Ml. 138c4 . ¤dheisigid arranges dexterously, adjusts : gur shodesigestar [lainn a chlaidim] . . . ina haltaib, MR 300.23 . ¤legaid: ní fód súd nach soileaghtar, DDána 27.1 . ¤ráidid: freq. in Laws Comm. as a gloss on saeraid: ro saeradh la Feine .i. ro soraidedh do reir in feinechais cen ni d'ic ann sin, Laws i 92.z . saerta la fine a forcomol .i. soraidter a fir accomol a ferand na fine amlaid sin, iv 16.23 , 18.11 . soerthair .i. soraiter no soradh, ut est mac cor mbel berar i seilb soertha uccu .i. soraiter in ferann ro soraidhedh do iarna togha .i. in ferann donti toghthar ann iar bfir `exempted is the land which has been exempted by him according to his option', O'Dav. 1470 . do gobainn no cerda no umaidi saertar la tuaith .i. soraiter eneclann doib isin tuaith, Laws v 114.x Comm . ¤réidigid smoothes: as laidir do soiredighedh . . . a coill de, Leb. Gab.(i) 102 n. 3 .

socamail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. socamail or dil.ie/38226

Forms: socamal

n i (2 so+ accomol , Thurn., Stud. in E. Ir. Law p. 26 ) cheerful, pleasant, easy : ba bron di suidib m'aicsin in imniud iar mbuith socumail `it was a grief to them to see me in trouble after being happy', Ml. 44c6 (see Ériu vii 79 ). esparta suairc soccomail | uaim re toirsi theind, Acall. 2961 . ech . . . s.¤ i laim easy to manage, O'Curry 1863 ( 23 P 3, 20a ). Compar. co mbad t-shoccomlaite do Ísu marcachus do denum forru, PH 4455 .

As subst. i,[n]. Later socamal o, m. happiness, comfort, ease, convenience : cid in imniud cid hi socumail beusa gl. tam aduerso quam prospero tempore, Ml. 53b8 . aurail coimperta i soaici sochraiti, is cor cach techta, do-ber socomu[i]l a (leg. i, Ed.) cumt[h]us a comaitreib `er bringt (oder, welcher bringt) Wohlbefinden in die Gemeinschaftlichkeit ihres Zusammenwohnens', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 26.4 (= Laws ii 360.z ). ar socomhail roinne for convenience of division, O'D. 2348 ( Rawl. B. 506, 39c ). ni ro for coibnius collaide nách ar shoccomul n-aimserdai acht ar bóide, PH 5810 . 's ní ar dhocamhal dá dhocra | ná ar shocamhal shaoghalta, Measgra D. 52.52 . is follas as na neithibh so gurab air ar socamhalne do fhech se ┐ nach he a shocamhal fein, ITS xxix 222.15 . an bhfuil sócamhail pianta ag duine seacha duine eile?, ZCP iv 434.10 . do réir mar theid an easlainte i socamhal thar an easláinte ghéir `quanto morbus extremis est mollior', 23 K 42, 5.16 . nach fuighbhe sochar ná socamhal ná suaimhneas, TSh. 1134 . ruiber ón fhairrge ar a ttathaigit báid gusin mbaili re socomhol ┐ comfhortacht na fairrge, Fl. Earls 30.12 . acht an seachtmhadh lá sé Sábóid an tsocamhuil é, Exodus xxxi 15 . socamhal beag dfagháil, Job x 20 . do aithin sé . . . socamhal do thabairt do, Acts xxiv 23 . dochum socamhuil do bheith ag daoinibh eile, 2 Cor. viii 13 .

taccomol

Cite this: eDIL s.v. taccomol or dil.ie/39394

n (see accomol ) union : inbanna ruad roglach | t.¤ glond claidbech `a union of feats of the sword,' Arch. Hib. ii 55 § 8 ( LL 182a37 ).

1 tre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tre or dil.ie/41608
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tri, tre, tri, tre, tré, trí, -i, thr, thrempi, tria, trie, tríd, tríd, trit, trit, tres, tre, tres, tresin, tresind, tresan, trésan, trisin, trissin, triasin, triasand, triasan, tresa, tressa, tres, trisa, trissa, triasa, tresna, trésna, trisna, triasna, trium, tríom, triut, triut, trit-su, treot, treót, thréodsa, thriodsa, tríod, triit, tríit, tríit, triitt, trit, tríd, th-, thrít, thríd, tree, trée, treæ, trea, tre(i)the, -i, trithe, trithi, tríthe, th—, thríthi, thríthe, triunni, tríonn, trín-ne, th-, thrínn, thrín, triib, triuib, tribh, treu, tréu, treo, tréu, tréo, treothu, treotho, treotha, tretho, tretha, trithu, tritha, tríotha, thríotha, trithibh, treamhum, tréamham, treamham, tremut, tromud, tromhat, tre(i)m(h)it, -d, treimheit, treimhid, trempi, troimpi, thrempi, trempu, treampa, treampa, treompo, trompa, triomhtha, tríom, tromham, treamham, tríod, tríot, tromhad, treamhad, tromhat, treamhat, tríd, troimhe, treimhe, tríotha, trithe, troimpe, treimpe, troimhid, treimhid, troimhit, treimhit, trínn, tromhuinn, treamhuinn, tríbh, tromhuibh, treamhaibh, tríotha, trompa, treampa, trem, trim, triam, trit, triat, tret, tred, trét, tria, tría, triánn, trea, tr, thre, tré, triana, trena, trina, tréna, treimhid, trīd, triar, trear, tre, trénar, tri, tri, tre, tre, tre, trialaile, trinaroile, trenaroili, trít, tremi-, tris-, tre-

prep. with acc. (later also with dat. Cf. tri suidib, Ml. 56b15 ), leniting (see GOI § 856 ). Apart from Ml, tre is the commoner form in the O. Ir. Glosses. tri, however, is frequent in Wb, and is the usual form in Ml (tre, Ml. 16a25 , 96a6 ). It is also found (much less commonly than tre) in Sg. (27a2 , 188a8 , 189b2 , 195b1 , 197b4 , 201b3 , 213b8 ). tré is written with length-mark at Sg. 159a1 , and frequently in the later language. trí (with length-mark) occurs at Wb. 12c34 , Tur. 103 , Acr. 11c5 , Ml. 2d5 , 14c16 , 22b1 , 30a9 , etc. The form in -i is infrequent after the Old Irish period ( tri, Sc.M² 5 , Rosa Angl. 196.23 , ZCP vi 63.12 , 70.8 ). With lenition of t- thr, LU 10606 (cf. thrempi, PH 268 , and the Mod. Ir. forms with pron. suff. infra). The form tria is fairly common in all periods outside the O. Ir. Glosses: Thes. ii 300.9 , 331.4 , Hib. Min. 244 , Laws ii 374.12 , Mon. Tall. 154.4 , IT i 19.37 , PH 7431 , BDD² 1295 , Maund. 57 , and is the usual form in SR (168 , 1926 , 3128 ). trie, IT i 267.24 . The form with pron. suff. 3 s. tríd is used as simple prep. in Mod. Ir.: tríd fhear, IGT Introd. 19.5 , trit stól, 23 K 42, 404.19 , trit na scelaib-sin, ZCP vi 72.21 , most usually with article and possessives, see infra. Note also tres gach, DDána 66.1 ; cf. tre gach bhfear .l., tres gach bhfear .c., Bard. Synt. Tr. 3.6 .

With art.: sing. m. and f. tresin, Wb. 20d13 , 30a13 , Sg. 59b18 , 138a1 , 161b1 , 188a26 , 201a2 , BCr. 32a8 , 34c2 , TBFr. 238 , PH 8086 . tresind, Mon. Tall. 141.z . tresan, TBC-LL¹ p. 837 n. 5 , IGT Decl. ex. 1121 . trésan, TSh. 190 , Ó Héodhusa 46.1. trisin, Wb. 5b20 , 10b19 , 12d20 , Tur. 43 , 48 , 55 , 68 , Sg. 209b31 , Ml. 19b11 , 29b8 , 33d13 , 37a22 , etc. trissin, Wb. 12d39 . triasin, SR 7580 , Sc.M² 22.6 , PH 5137 . triasand láim, BDD² 1511 . triasan, ZCP viii 114 § 14 . neut. tresa, Sg. 32a8 , 197b2 . tressa, Wb. 32c20 , tresṅgné `by the species,' Sg. 73b1 . trisa, Wb. 13a10 , Ml. 20a6 , 30d19 , 37b7 . trissa, Wb. 4d33 , Ml. 15a13 , 37d16 , 42c23 , 54c15 , etc. triasa, BDD² 1435.

Note also trit an firt, BColm. 88.2 . tríd an sgéal, Dán Dé xxviii 31 . trit an talmain, Maund. 8.

Plur. tresna, Hib. Min. 445 , PH 4164 , Feis Tighe Chonáin 779 . trésna, Fél. Prol. 44 , TSh. 601 . trisna, Wb. 4a6 , Tur. 65 , Ml. 25b7 , 36c19 , 38d18 , etc. triasna, PH 4657 , BColm. 106.2 .

With pron. suff. 1 s. trium, Wb. 23b30 . tríom, DDána 3.16 . 2 s. triut, Ml. 44c11 , 88a16 , 17 , Sc.M² 9 (tréot, v.l.), Fél. Ep. 438 , IT i 70.14 , Ériu iii 137.55 . triut, LU 3255 . trit-su, PH 2664 . treot, RC xxvii 276.3 . treót, LU 8139 ( FB 10 ). thréodsa .i. thriodsa , O'Cl. tríod, TD 14.20 , DDána 110.47 . 3 s. m. and n. triit, Wb. 1d4 , 2b15 , 8d11 , Ml. 51b10 , Sg. 73b7 , 76b7 , Críth G. 549 , SR 172 , IT i 76.6 . tríit, Ml. 51d1 , Sg. 43a3 , 148b7 . tríit, TBC-LL¹ 1184 . triitt, BColm. 66.12 . trit, Wb. 27c2 , Mon. Tall. 156.10 , PH 7792 , Laws i 44.1 Comm. , Rosa Angl. 40.3 . tríd, DDána 32.35 , Content. vii 15 , TSh. 9831 . With lenited th-: thrít, TBC-LL¹ 3264 . thríd, Ériu ix 165 § 25 , TSh. 10785 . 3 s. f. tree, Wb. 2c4 , 5c17 . trée, Sg. 25b14 . treæ, Ml. 88b15 . trea (trethe, v.l.), BDD² 1231 . tre(i)the, -i, Sc.M² 1 , ZCP viii 104.18 , TBC-LL¹ 1946 , Laws i 144.2 Comm. , 24 P 8, 196.y (IGT), tréthi, PH 2385 . trithe, Fél.² lxxvii 29 , Maund. 80 . trithi, Stair Erc. 2493 . tríthe, TBC-LL¹ p. 651 n. 5 , DDána 54.28 . TD 10.25 (condemned in IGT, see citation below). With lenited th—: thríthi, TD 13.8 . thríthe, IGT Decl. ex. 1065 . 1 pl. triunni, Wb. 14c16 , Ml. 129d20 . tríonn, Dán Dé x 9 , DDána 40.17 . trín-ne, 40.28 . With lenited th-: thrínn, Dán Dé xxvii 32 . thrín, Studies 1921, 589 § 7 . 2 pl. triib, Wb. 3b22 . triuib, TTr.² 1766 . tribh, DDána 30.15 , TD 14.37 . 3 pl. treu, Wb. 28c18 , 30c13 , Ml. 42b13 , 42c11 . tréu, 42d2 . treo, Sg. 4b4 , 138a4 , Críth G. 540 , BDD² 1278 (treu, tréu, v.ll.). tréo, TBC-LL¹ 3448 . treothu, SR 327 , 4311 , PH 1216 . treotho, AU i 578.7 . treotha, Laws i 44.10 Comm. tretho, iii 362.22 . tretha, Ériu xii 190.y . trithu, PH 4637 , MR 194.15 . tritha, Marco P. 145 . tríotha, TSh. 8342 . thríotha, A IV 3, 771.x . trithibh, BNnÉ 324.6 .

In Mid. and Mod. Ir. also with infixed -m-, and -o- instead of -e- (infl. of ré n-): 1 s. treamhum, DDána 39.23 . tréamham (: dhéanamh), Ó Bruad. iii 22.5 . treamham .i. thriom, O'Cl. 2 s. tremut, PH 2424 . tromud, YBL 149b7 . tromhat, SG 69.34 . 3 s. m. tre(i)m(h)it, -d, PH 2645 , BColm. 78.23 , Laws v 172.z Comm. , DDána 101.8 (: dtig), AFM iii 128.x , CCath. 3944 . treimheit (: dheit), Content. ix 7 . treimhid .i. trid, O'Cl. 3 s. f. trempi, TTebe 3287 , MR 202.1 . troimpi, IGT Decl. ex. 1124 (treimpi, v.l.). With lenition thrempi, PH 268 . 3 pl. trempu, PH 8155 . treampa, Hugh Roe 94.18 . treampa .i. triotha, O'Cl. treompo, TTebe 1909 . trompa, 24 P 8, 196.y (IGT), Leb. Gab.(i) 104.16 , Lism. L. 4609 . triomhtha, Ó Bruad. ii 190.10 .

The following forms are given for syllabic verse in Bard. Synt. Tr. 7.21 : tríom, tromham, treamham; tríod, tríot tromhad, treamhad, tromhat, treamhat; tríd, troimhe, treimhe; tríotha, l. a ghearradh, trithe, l. a shíneadh, troimpe, treimpe; troimhid, treimhid, troimhit, treimhit ...; trínn, tromhuinn, treamhuinn; tríbh, tromhuibh, treamhaibh; tríotha, trompa, treampa.

With poss. adj.: 1 s. trem, Wb. 17b33 , 23b23 , 30a25 , TBC-LL¹ 3132 , TD 39.2 . trim, Ml. 44b29 , 89a2 , 127a3 . triam, RC vi 176.59 . 2 s. trit, Ml. 62d4 , 87a9 . triat, SR 1484 , 1727 , TBC-I¹ 2811 . tret, Sc.M² 11 (triat, v.l.), DDána 101.8 . tred, TBC-LL¹ p. 617 n. 10 , DDána 56.9 . trét, PH 2599 . 3 s. and pl. tria, Wb. 1b5 , Ml. 37b23 , Sg. 211b5 , Críth G. 214 ; f. Wb. 10a3 ; pl. Wb. 8a14 , Ml. 28d15 , Sg. 3a11 . tría, Ml. 30c5 . triánn drochgnímu, 84c14 . trea, Wb. 29d29 , 33c7 , Hib. Min. 214 ; f. TBFr. 234 (treda, MS.); pl. Wb. 19a12 , 29a7 , Fél. Jan. 4 (tria, v.l.). tr, TTebe 1017 . thre, Ériu i 28.193 . tré a, TSh. 472 . triana, SR 5201 , BDD² 1164 ; f. IT i 125.24 . trena, LU 3292 ; f. DDána 16.6 ; pl. PH. 7056 . trina, Maund. 44 ; pl. TBC-LL¹ 3616 . tréna, TSh. 8343 ; f. Dán Dé xxv 49 ; pl. Studies 1924, 242 § 11 . treimhid a tromaibh, TBC-LL¹ p. 315 n. 2 . trīd a (sic MS.), Feis Tighe Chonáin 1705 , O'Cl. s.v. tré. 1 pl. triar , Ml. 83c11 , 100d14 . trear, Wb. 26a27 . tre ar, DDána 10.5 . trénar, Dán Dé xxv 18 . 2 pl. tri bar, Wb. 9d24 . tri far, Ml. 115b8 . tre bar, Wb. 14c17 , 27a1 . tre far, 23d16 . tre bhar, DDána 95.22 .

With aile: trialaile, Wb. 10a4 . trinaroile, Stair Erc. 2156 . trenaroili, 809 .

With rel.: trisa mbí, Wb. 3d21 . trissa nétatsat, Ml. 57a3 . trisnansoirthae, 124a8 . trisá netar, 126b19 . trisin-damrobae, 126d11 . tresa mbí, Wb. 23b5 . tresindippiat, tresindabia, 25d8 . tressa naithnuigther, Thes. ii 253.12 . tresambed, Mon. Tall. 164.7 . tres-in iumfhoilngither, PH 6250 . trias-a roichet, 5904 . triasradībdad, Cáin Ad. 21 . tríasa n-agailledar, RC xiii 269.13 . tre' tig, PH 7792 . tré dtuillmid, Donlevy 152.12 . tre a bhfuil, DDána 107.6 . tre ar fhás, 10.17 . tré nach faghar, Content. xvi 85 . trina tic, ZCP vi 272 § 11 . trinar marbh se, 279.2 . tríd nar bh'oircheas, DDána 46.1 . thríd nach fuighinn, 25a.4 . tremit ar harced, Ann. Conn. 1236.12 .

I In local senses.

(a) through . Of countries, territories, etc.: dia luid duaid ... tri glenn iosofád, Ml. 58c4 . rethid ... tré airechtu athluma, | tre buidnib ban ..., | tre cholltib, tre chathracha (of the writer's thoughts), Ériu iii 14 § 3 . do hionnarbadh inn | tre Chlár ... bhFéilim, TD 15.9 . along roads, across bridges, fords, etc.: trisna cemmen i nandais beus gl. hii psalmi graduum dicuntur qua in ascensu Templi canebantur per ea interualla ... `through the steps on which they continued to halt,' Ml. 133b4 . trisna foirthiu ailitherdi gl. peregrina per marmora `through the foreign fords (?),' Tur. 65 . ni bhaoi conair ... act trésan droichet, Hugh Roe 94.18 . triall ... tré bhealach bhriste na cána, TSh. 2589 . Of apertures, doors, etc.: ol in spiurt noib tri giun in fatho, Ml. 74d13 . do aircechain tria ginu na fer fireon, Laws i 16.6 . cethri drolaim ... | asind airc ... | dá drol treothu, SR 4311 . bid indtechta tria críathar n-átha bar ṁbrúar, BDD² 1295 . tria tholl na comla, ACL iii 308 vi 20 . nos tairnged tria ladraib a choss, TBC-LL¹ 1408 . trit in dorus sin, ZCP vi 284.32 . through the midst of a crowd of people, army, etc.: acht mad treo docoí `except he have gone through them (the enemy)' (note), Críth G. 540 . culu tria neit ... .i. amal teit carpat ... tria chath, ACC 2 . dolen Sir Heront trit in cath e, ZCP vi 69.22 . dol trempa gan airisiumh, AFM vi 2162.x . Of buildings: cóic shéoit i ndul tria thech tria lías, Críth G. 214 . ragaid ... tria choimtig inn rígthaigi (a sword), BDD² 1248 . secht sligeda trethe (of a bruden), Sc.M² 1 . Of garments, shields, etc.: co tregda in fer tria scíath, Críth G. 555 . atconnairc Cu Chulaind ... a gualaind tresin cochull, LU 3788 . ro gonadhsan cach tairsí ┐ treithi ┐ séici (bricht comga), TBC-LL¹ p. 359 n. 7 . Of the body or parts of the body: ? rog[lan]ad són tria deis gl. arcton [dextra tenet] (simile of the four parts of the Cross and the four cardinal points), Tur. 142 . bróenán fola ... | tria thóebán, Fél. Ep. 352 . triam taebh, RC vi 176.59 . triana chend, TBC-LL¹ 1268 . budh iomdha ... tre chneas ... | soighead, TD 16.66 . Of a surface, skin, the earth etc.: cach luib tricc ticc tria thalmain, SR 1926 . nocha bhí clúmh trés an gcreig | nach creid ... dhuid `there is no verdure on the rock but trusts ...,' Dán Dé xxix 26 . Cf. co faisctis a drucht ┐ a uanfadh tremit so that its dew and foam were squeezed from it (of the moon), CCath. 3944.

Various: anadchither tri themel, Wb. 12c12 . ni forcmat óin chomsuidigud trea nuili aimsera `through all their tenses,' Sg. 157b9 . arbeittet bairtni bindi | tri laith linni ainm nAeda `melodious bardisms modulate through pools of liquor the name of Aed,' Thes. ii 295.17 . condelgdar tresna thri grad `it is compared through the three degrees,' Hib. Min. 445 . atracht iarom trena chotlud, LU 3292 , `he arose then out of his sleep,' SCC² 82 . ionmhuin taidhbhse táinig sonn | aréir trem chodladh chugom, TD 39.2 . íar ndul triit after it has leaked (of a cauldron), Críth G. 549 . comhradh leanb ar luaidheadh thrín `all that we uttered was childish talk' (lit. all that was mentioned among us), Studies 1921, 589 § 7 . re dul thríd in going through it (a book), Donlevy iv 11.

(b) Implying mixture, mingling, etc.: imchomarc co naithisib triit `a question with revilings through it,' Ml. 54c13 . snechta tria shín lūades gáeth `through a snowstorm,' Thes. ii 331.4 . fuair Dia ... | domblas aoi tre fhíon arsuidh, Aithd. D. 98.30 . fuaim a sruth ... | tre ghuth ainglidhe a healtan, TD 13.5 . an clúmh ┐ an luaith do chor tréna chéile, TSh. 174 . In phrases corresponding to the Mod. Ir. tré theine on fire: atā trē doiger derg-lasrach donn-ruaide (of a burning wood), ML² 958 . cáer theinntidhe dfaicsin tre lasadh ó mhullach an tighe, ITS xvi 8.28 . fuair a réghlés féin tré choirthir smáil teineadh ┐ tennáil, Ériu v 76.24 .

(c) Personal forms ref. to object of verbs of cutting : co treghdfad in tsleg trithi hī (a pig), Fianaig. 66.12 . gur comraind in imdaig ... trempi co talmain and cut clean through the couch, MR 202.1 . roscris in t-eideth ara druim ┐ rogerr in dilat aluind oraighi trithi cut through the saddle, ZCP vi 70.28 .

(d) 3 s. trít in adverbial phrases. t.¤ sís, anuas, siar throughout: ┐ a n-illradh tríd sís, IGT Decl. § 42.11 . greagh, cert lethan tríd sís as .c. aige, § 45. inann ghabaid [uile] tríd anúas (of nouns declined in same way), § 37 . a lán féinneadh feadh an tighe, | tríd siar `all through the house,' TD 11.17 . t.¤ amach absolutely, completely: aderim gurub é is lan and trit amach `absolute fulness,' Rosa Angl. 40.3 . Note also : ni triit tarsnu toimsideir not diametrically is it measured (the earth), SR 172.

(e) téit tre lit. goes through (of an attack, battle-charge): rachthair thairsiu is tréo, TBC-LL¹ 3448 . docuatarsom foithib ┐ tríthu ┐ tarrsa, D IV 2, 45ra44 . is trithu nach tiaghar, MR 194.15 . violates, breaks (an oath): arna te nech tria lugae, Ml. 36a23 . dul tria aitiri, Críth G. 306 . Cf. nach ccuirfeadh féin ... trīd a mhionnuibh é (sic leg.), Feis Tighe Chonáin 1705 . ? cid fín bárc do-téised treut (treu, treothu, v.ll.), BDD² 740 (see note).

II In temporal senses.

(a) tri rei ciana `for long times,' Ml. 90d14 . condib tria nuile ṁbethaid ón dano ┐ nib cuit ree `that it should be so through their whole life,' Tur. 71 . do toscelad áiss aescai ... tri bliadni incholnigtheo `through the years of the Incarnation,' Thes. ii 41.24 . isintt urtt chetna biae tre cach oena `(thou) shalt continue under the same rule through each fast,' Mon. Tall. 154.3 . tres-in sechtmain-sea throughout this week, PH 461.

(b) In adverbial phrase tre bithu, tre bith sír, etc., for ever, everlastingly: tre bithu, Fél. Mar. 31 . do gress doib, ... tria bithu coa airfitiud, SR 684 . tria bitho, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 52 . tria bitha sír, ZCP viii 108.17 . tre bhiotha síor, TD 15.18 . tria bith sir, PH 1938 . tre bhioth síor, TD 13.39 . tria bithu betha, TBC-LL¹ 2704 . tre saeghul na saegal, Ev.Inf. (LFF) 171 § 24 . tré shaoghal na saoghal in saecula saeculorum, TSh. 2052.

III Indicating the medium or attendant circumstances of a communication, action, etc. (in many of the follg. exx. the meaning approximates to that in tre IV infra).

(a) tri insci redi ... duadbat som ... `through speech ...,' Ml. 51c11 . dufornditer ... a ngnimae inna rig sin tri delba ban, 65c16 . tri throp ` figuratively ,' 65b14 . in moltai dogniín se tri bindius ┐ chlais, 136a8 . rosluinter ... tre rangabáil in persan hisin, Sg. 189b2 . doasilbthaer triit som gníim ... do neuch (of the word sui), 209a1 . in tre prois ... roceta int[ṡ]ailim, Hib. Min. 175 . titul do scribend ... tria litrib Ébra, PH 2877 . cennsa ... ┐ 'áilgeni tuicther tres-in snechta is understood by, 3386 . cōic anmand dēc tre blaid mbinn | fil d'anmanaib for Bōïnn, ZCP viii 106.1 . tuic let ... na Tiabanda taetencha i sidh in[a] cathrachaib ... trésna helaib understand by the swans ... the Thebans, TTebe 1233 . coic cetfada ... rotidhnaicedh o Dhia don cinedh doenna ... d'fegad De trompa, Lism. L. 4609 . nolabraidis na ceithri tre glor ndaenda with a human voice, CCath. 886 . adbeart ... trē bhogāssaigh urlapra ┐ trē dhānacht glōir ... go raghadh, Fl. Earls 50.3 . Note also: ata dedi ara scribhtar in tituil tria derg in red ink, Hib. Min. 241.

(b) Introducing the particular language of a communication: trí ilbélre gl. linguis loquens, Wb. 12c34 . co n-epistlib immdaib ... tria Goedeilg, IT i 19.37 . berla na filed, triasa n-agailledar cach dib a chele, RC xiii 269.13 . bennaighes tre n-a thengaid fein doib-sen, KMMisc. 317.12 .

(c) With abstract noun indicating the attendant circumstances of an action: isber Mói[d]ógc tria ocla móir `in great wrath,' BColm. 74.7 . do sloind tre medhair mhileis `told with sweet gladness,' Ériu iv 116.16 . roboi cinniud tria chombáig `a comrades' covènant,' RC iii 183.7 . adeirid cách liom tré rún | go bhfuil ..., TD 22.20 . "cuin do bhí againn t'éara" | cantar uainn tré aithmhéala, DDána 29.25 . do gluais fein tre mire ┐ tre mormenmain ... roime in anger and haughtiness, L. Chl. S. 4.1 . Cf. adeirim ris an saoghal cromadh trésan déirc to resort to almsgiving, TSh. 190.

(d) Introducing the authorisation of an action, the person or thing invoked, etc.: is tri ísu predchimse, Wb. 1d9 . guidmit-ne ... tu-sa ... tré-t miadamla, PH 2599 . soghuidhe an rí tres an rí tres an ríoghain, DDána 30.27 . do bheannaigh[ea]dur damh tresna déibh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 779.

IV Instrumental and causal. These two meanings merge into each other, and in O. Ir. particularly many exx. will bear either interpretation (cf. Fraser, ZCP viii 61 f. ).

(a) Instrum. through, by means of: condagaibtis int ais amprom tria nintleda `through their snares,' Ml. 31c6 . adchotadsam triar saithar, 92c5 . amal is trí accomol nildule conterissedar in domon sic imfolangar oínmolad do dia tri chocetal inna nule ṅdule, 145c4 . á híc tria fuil, Wb. 2b11 . ce rudglanta tri bathis, 4a6 . in tan dombeir in dea aithesc tre chomthoud talmaidech, Sg. 162a4 . tre airde ┐ firto, Thes. ii 253.4 . is tre trocuiri ... dotaegar hi cresiniu, Hib. Min. 356 . ro promtha tré martrai, Fél. June 27 . donrat fri saeth tria aslach, SR 1342 . niba hicc deitsiu tre Findio `thou shalt get no cure through Findio,' Mon. Tall. 154.15 . do sarughadh tria firta ┐ mirbaile `overcome by the great signs and miracles,' Laws i 14.19 . tri neim ... no-bíata co-ralta ár fer n-Ērenn impe (of a pig), Sc.M² 5 . cia ... nách greisfider im dénum maithiusa trias-na mírbulib-sea, PH 4657 . rob ingnadh le cāch a ceird | ... | triasa fa[g] badais crodh cain `whereby they won goodly treasure,' Ériu iv 174 § 9 . co findud slondud trit beos `he discovers the name by this means,' Laws i 44.1 Comm. braighde Ēirenn ... | gabhais tre rīghe is tre nert, ZCP viii 108.22 . foillsighthir do triana eochraib écsi ... E. do bith i sith B.L., IT i 129.22 . do fhionnfuinn thríd do threisi `I should learn thy strength by it,' Ériu ix 165 § 25 . dá raibhe ní sa mheasa ... dheallruigheas tréna ghné specie sui, TSh. 8343 . Cf. rohicait a crecha ris dona buaib tremi⃛ ar harced he in the matter of which he had been plundered, Ann. Conn. 1236.12 .

(b) Causal on account of, by reason of (frequent with follg. vn.): combad mou de la dia a serc tri epert dosom adruthreb side indib, Ml. 92c4 . amal dundechutar doinmecha dunni triar pecthu, 111c14 . is tria hiris rambái cach maith, Wb. 2c13 . is hed dotheít de tre ilar na ndáne i nilur na persan `through the multitude of the gifts in the multitude of the persons,' 22a11 . tre thesbaid naich baill dind deilb, Sg. 5a5 . cid tre étged rop othar, Críth G. 61 . tré chin drochmna, IT i 75.6 . co n-éigit na haingil co sérb ... tria mar dho-míllset na dáine in gáel glaine do-bí doib ríu, PH 7431 . tresna ceōlaib sein ar sein | do creit Grigair in Comdid, ZCP viii 114.18 . is treothu na mortlaidi (faults of a prince), ACL iii 315 § 36 . do chogadh tre chloinn nUisnigh `to avenge,' Aithd. D. 6.31 . tre bheith do shluagh flatha Fáil | re luadh gcatha, TD 4.37 . is glór tré dhlús dighe soin `they (i.e. words) are inspired by hard drinking,' Content. xxv 4 . ba cara do-sam cech oen dib trena athair ┐ tremit fein on his father's account and on his own, Ann. Conn. 1225.6 . adubairt go crochfadh a muinntir uili tre bas in dithrebaig, Maund. 128 . is í cúis uma dtáinig Partholón ... tré mar do mharbh sé a athair `because he had slain his father,' Keat. i 160.74 . na sagairt ghlacas leagáid ... tre ghuidhe orra in return for, on condition of , TSh. 4513 . tángadar teachta ó rígh Laighean ... do thairgsin séad ┐ maoine dhóibh ... ó Laighnibh tré thilleadh don Mhumain tar a n-ais `if they returned,' Keat. iii 3146 . In phrase trít sin therefore: as tridsin do impoatar Ulltaigh ... airsium, RC xviii 268.24 . tríd sin, Keat. ii 654 . treimit sin, Fen. 302.15 . tremit-side, Ann. Conn. 1284.2 . do-icc tre is brought about by, is due to: is triuib tháníc cech n-olc, TTr.² 1766 . na huilc-si do thecht trit, PH 7792 . nó go ndéanann mo chlí cionnta | ní fhéaghann sí a dtiocfa tríd, Dán Dé x 5 . is tromhat táinic lot ... mu ríghisea, SG 69.34 .

In compds. tremi-, tris- with vbs., tre- with nouns and adjj. (often as intensive prefix), see separate articles.

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