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acarb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. acarb or dil.ie/120

 

Forms: aggarb, adgarb, adhgharbh, agharbh

adj o, ā (ad + garb). aggarb, Desid. Gloss. Later also adgarb ( Celtica i 338 ). adhgharbh, PCT 332, 533, 1049 . agharbh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 499 , 544 .

Very rough, very fierce: acer .i. agarb, Ir. Gl. 385 . accra .i. ai agarb, O'Mulc. 14 . caillech . . ./ is sí acgarb écosmail, Metr. Dinds. iv 138.72 . robdar scairbigi acgarba in coicer sin, Anecd. i 46.15 . in cend attnech a.¤ mór út, RC xiv 428.5 ( LL 12977 ). na n-athach n-uathmar n-agarbh, BB 43b3 . slíabh cairrcidhe acarbh, CCath. 1338 . in tsrotha aggairp, Fl. Earls 88.4 . inna haidchi imdorcha acgairbi, TTebe 267 . cech finna sescnidi imluati a.¤ (of hair), RC xiv 404.7 ( LL 12638 ). agastar agarb iarrain a rough bridle of iron, SG 260.15 . lán an eascra aghghairbh iairnaidhe, Feis Tighe Chonáin 544 . cath . . . agarb, Cog. 110.12 . conid eccenais accarb do na pecdachaib, PH 3478 .

Compar. and superl.: acairbiu hé . . . andá tír na pían (of a wall of fire), LU 2221 ( FA 29 ). mas re fiadh is acairbi nas is aithgin isin coin a deer that is fiercer than he, Laws v 194.24 Comm. slíabh . . . is accairbhi do ṡleibhtibh, CCath. 1202 .

Adv.: co áigthide ┐ co ha.¤ , LU 2131 ( FA 20 ). secib ni raiter co hacgarb, Auraic. 466 = co hacarp, 2931 .

Cf. athgarb.

aicher

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aicher or dil.ie/787

 

adj o, ā (Lat. acer , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 229 , see also Vendr. Lex.). Also achar. sharp, keen, fierce: aicher .i. ab eo quod est acer .i. lainn nō tin[d] nō trēn, Corm. Y 11 . acar .i. aichear ┐ aichear .i. gér, O'Cl. is acher in gáith innocht, Thes. ii 290.4 . nībo fri óigthea acher (.i. fergach no feochur), 328.9 (Hy. v). aithesc aicher, Metr. Dinds. iii 58.46 . siniudh creite impudh a.¤ crocind gergairg, Anecd. i 55 § 40 . acher tra in gres rolaset, LL 403a29 . forgomh amhnas a.¤ do ghae, AFM vi 2216.2 . idu achar (: -athar), Metr. Dinds. iv 2.17 . i nIthu achar (: athar) `in keen [Mag] Itha', Arch. Hib. ii 72 § 30 . gnīm n-achar, 71 § 21 . Of persons: Eogan acher bruth, Rawl. 84a33 . Fiangal find Ailill acher (.i. garg), LL 311c36 . As adv. iachtais co acher ar a sargud do Bresal, LL 358 marg. sup. ba haicher ainmin . . . ro feradh in caitgleo-sin, CCath. 6007 .

feorus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. feorus or dil.ie/21660

 

Forms: fersen, feorus, feorus

n (< ferus, a by-form of erus ?) g s. fersen ? Cf. O'Dav. 931 cited below. Name of a tree or plant, probably the spindle-tree: gl. acirus (= acerus < acer "maple" or acorus `galingale' ?) Ir. Gl. 582 . feorus ` spindle-tree, sweet flag, galingale ' Hog. Luibhl. feorus (one of the `fodla feda' or `shrubs') Laws iv 146.26 . Auraic. 1155 ; also called `oir' 1196 . sruithium aicde .i. feirius (a kenning for the Ogham diphthong oi), Anecd. iii 44 ; cf. sruitem aicdi .i. o[i]r, Auraic. 5602 . feirius .i. fiar-ses .i. do fēri in chraind from the twisted form of the tree Corm. Y 578 . Cf. co fríth herus [ferus; ierus, v.l.] chuca ... asin muine mesta, Metr. Dinds. iv 214.57 ( Dinds. 117 ). fersen .i. feorus .i. set in dire fersen .i. samaisc a dire, O'Dav. 931 ; cf. samaisc ┐ dairt ... ┐ dartaid ... tri diri na fodla feda, Laws iv 150.23 Comm.

grúamda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. grúamda or dil.ie/26714

 

Forms: gruamda

adj (grúaim) io,iā gloomy, morose, sullen, sour : gilla gruamda ferggach, TBC-LL¹ 1741 . gruamda (gl. acer ), Ir. Gl. 384 ; 1065 . is gruama gráineamhail an ghasradh thig in bhur n-aghaidh, Todd Lect. iv 82.18 ( CRR² 28 ). gleo fraochda furánach fíor-ghruama, ib. 100.9 ( CRR² 40 ).

1 ír

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ír or dil.ie/29031

 

Forms: hír

n (Lat. íra) g s. (? or g p.) hír, Metr. Dinds. ii 50.2 . anger, ill-feeling: í.¤ .i. suithin no ferg, ut est cesfaid i n-ilphianaib | i n-ifern hír (.i. in ifern fergach no suthain), O'Dav. 1103. mer .i. mō a ír .i. a ferg, Corm. Y 907. `ír' deabaidh, Metr. Gl. 19 § 56. ir .i. fearg. O'Cl. ferchach fechuir no acer .i. ac hir .i. ira , Lib. Hymn. i 113 n. 17 . trí ara n-aichnider cach fergach : í.¤, crith, imbánad `an outburst of passion,' Triads 188. ri rosáer Samson cen hí.¤ | do lámaib na Filistín, SR 7353. fuaratar co lór cen hí.¤ | fáilti ..., 3541 . dorat fo hí.¤ for cāch smacht angrily , 3879 . hí.¤ is ḟerg, 921 . mandra sál fri ainbthe hí.¤ (glossed : .i. firinni), LU 2980 (= SG 235.7 ). la demon co ní.¤ , 9442 . Crimthand ... co nuaill co ní.¤ co nernbass, LL 150b35 . cen cosnum, ... cen ī.¤, cen ingreim, ACL iii 320 § 90 = cen fír, LB 261b17 . nech marbus a brathair cen imradud cen debaid cen i.¤ , Ériu vii 168 § 10. ni muir trethnach tailgither re n-aibnib ir .i. ris na haibnibh fergacha, no suthaine, MS. Mat. 617.32 . benaid semanna chleath cáol | gremanna a táobh each fá íor, IGT Decl. ex. 1142. ind Ír (name of a shield), Ériu iv 28.8 .

1 lainn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lainn or dil.ie/29425

 

Forms: loinn, luinn, lainnfordiuclandtaid

adj i, also loinn, luinn.

(a) Of persons keen, eager: ata lainni gl. avida sunt, Ml. 33d5 . 34b9 . boi obeid .i. auidus .i. laind, LU 931 ( ACC 80 ). l.¤ gl. acer , Sg. 64b7 . acer .i. l.¤ nō tin[d] nō trén, Corm. Y 11 (= Thr. Ir. Gl. 1 ). nidam laindsea lánbrostud ar nech etir da indsaigid I am not eager to urge anybody to assail it, LL 230a27 ( TTr. 959 ). mac l.¤ luchair lātha ar gail, ZCP viii 334 n.l. in tí as laind ┐ is escaid, gresed in lesc, alacer et impiger, PH 5825. Also joyful: in tí is láind ┐ is failid don fháilte spirutalta qui spirituali laetitia hilaris est, 5830 . láind . . . ┐ subach forbaelid, 5920 . With n.pr.: Lugaid l.¤ , ZCP xiii 5.15 . Adv. co laind ┐ co héscaid, PH 6029.

With copula and prep. is l.¤ la desires, delights in: nach ní . . . is adlaic ┐ is laind la duine, is ed isbeir `is toisc', Corm. Y 1201 = toisc .i. voluntas hominis .i. inní is laind la duine, Thr. Ir. Gl. 41 . cía lasmboth scīth ┐ lasmboth laind techt int slōgaid, TBC-I¹ 155 ( LU 4617 ) = cia lasbad lesc ┐ lasbad laind, TBC-LL¹ 408 . tairsi linne . . . mad l.¤ libh, Leb. Gab.(i) 198.9 . bheith 'na n-aontoigh ní luinn lat, KMMisc. 242 § 7 . ní loinn lemsa comhlonn . . . do denam ritsa, TBC-LL¹ p. 245 n. 10 ( nī accobar lem, TBC-I¹ 1194 ). ba loind les techt, CCath. 360. maircc chuindges ni for carait / minab l.¤ l[e]is a tabairt, ZCP iv 469.16 . coim tar an anam lér fhaoi / an chalann ní budh loinn lé `the body is not anxious to protect the soul', Dán Dé ix 9 . Mág Suibne dá madh l.¤ lais / do thairg O Domhnaill . . . do gairm de `had it had attraction for him', O'Gr. Cat. 386.10. leis nach loinn uabhar d'éisdeacht, DDána 100.3 . gion gur luinn leis `not anxious', Content. xiii 22 . ge madh l.¤ leó anacal dfaghbail nocha nfhuairsiot idir (`they expected'), AFM v 1846.6 . Also with DO: congnamh dan loinn treabh do tháth `helpmate ever eager to weld the land together' Magauran 2770 . With FRI, in different sense: rob rolaind frinn gnúis Rígh réil may the glorious king greet us with a smiling face, ZCP vi 266 § 10 . With compar. and superl. lainne prefers, likes more, most : robu luinne lim do thuitim leis nā lim fēin, Fianaig. 96.19 . cona bui da Románaib aenduini lasar' lainni gnim in catha catharda innás (i.e. Brutus), CCath. 1131 . lúdh n-a coinne dá mbé ar bhochtaibh / loinne lé rochtain dá réir `she is still more anxious to meet them', Magauran 1522 . h'foghnam as e as loinne linn, Irish Texts ii 44 § 31 . With proleptic -de: co mad laindite leo in forcetul do gabail do laim ut libentius a[u]diatur, PH 6759.

(b) In a variety of other applications bright, pleasant, etc.: ingen Araind fort lár luind (of Brug na Bóinne), LU 4129. am lis loinn, Irish Texts i 55 § 5 . int-aislingthe laind landes (of dream of Pharaoh), SR 3350 . sínus Ádam in láim luinn `eager', Ériu iv 118 § 31 . clandais Buide a liic laind `his keen stone', Metr. Dinds. ii 24.77 . Cf. fuil gormlaind don grein it gris `the bright sheen of the sun illumines thee', Cog. 124.2 .

As subst.: l.¤ .i. solus no taithnemach, . . . annlesach cach l.¤ lochta gáisse `very helpful is every bright one of the folk of wisdom', O'Dav. 1184.

Compds. With nouns. ¤eólas: loinn-eolas, Lism. Lives Gloss. ¤ḟordiuclandtaid: lainnfordiuclandtaid avidus devorator, Dinds. 9. With adjj. ¤chréchtach: iomdha laoch loinnchréachtach, CRR² 76.26 (lonn?). ¤gnímach: in lainnghnimach Lighan, Caithr. CC 7 . ¤réid: an tuath lainréidh Luighnisi, O'Hara 3310 , where Ed. suggests cpd. of lonn-.

See also lonn.

tíachair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tíachair or dil.ie/40666

 

Forms: diachair, diachair

adj i

(a) sharp, grievous: tiachair ┐ serb, Ml. 94c6 . tichair lainn, gl. hic acer , Sg. 41a10 . serb no tiachair, O'Dav. 1030. tiachair .i. feargach no teinn, O'Cl. ba tiachair le a cenn, Lism. L. 1383 . in gním talchair tiachair, Metr. Dinds. iii 408.3 . As subst.: nír airigh ... doigh na tiachair, BNnÉ 101.33 . Later diachair: peannaid ná pian ná diachair bháisbhruid, ITS iii a 104.60 . diachair ` sorrow, grief ', O'R.

(b) clever, prudent: tiachair .i. glic, O'Dav. 441.

Compd. ¤thaeb wounded in the side : atú tursech tiacharthaeb, TBC-LL¹ 2330.

tinn, teinn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tinn, teinn or dil.ie/40875

 

adj i severe; sick, sore: derb doforfua digal tinn, SR 5487 . aicher .i. ab eo quod est acer .i. lainn nō tin[d] nō trēn, Corm. Y 11 . mían leisan laoch lúaiter linn | cluiche ó nách biad duine tinn, Triads p. 54 . s.v. tend. robo thind (: cind) int athchomarc, Metr. Dinds. iv 80.36 . corop tind (: ind) in timmargain, 328.36 . rem chorp is rem chenn is tind, IT i 124.1 . atāim-si teinn tromgaeta, ZCP vi 46.15 . as teinn lem chraide a choimde, SG 356.13 . níor theinn go heasgar an fhir | níor theidhm achd teasgadh mar sein, DDána 79.7 . ar sgoltadh an taobha thinn, A. Ó Dálaigh xxx 14. ní beag doilghe an troighigh thinn, Aithd. D. 59.7 . done duine theinn, Luc. Fid. 138.1 . Cf. teinne.