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acher

Cite this: eDIL s.v. acher or dil.ie/191

x see aicher.

aicher

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aicher or dil.ie/787

adj o, ā (Lat. acer, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 229 , see also Vendr. Lex.). Also achar. sharp, keen, fierce: aicher .i. ab eo quod est acer .i. lainn nō tin[d] nō trēn, Corm. Y 11 . acar .i. aichear ┐ aichear .i. gér, O'Cl. is acher in gáith innocht, Thes. ii 290.4 . nībo fri óigthea acher (.i. fergach no feochur), 328.9 (Hy. v). aithesc aicher, Metr. Dinds. iii 58.46 . siniudh creite impudh a.¤ crocind gergairg, Anecd. i 55 § 40 . acher tra in gres rolaset, LL 403a29 . forgomh amhnas a.¤ do ghae, AFM vi 2216.2 . idu achar (: -athar), Metr. Dinds. iv 2.17 . i nIthu achar (: athar) `in keen [Mag] Itha', Arch. Hib. ii 72 § 30 . gnīm n-achar, 71 § 21 . Of persons: Eogan acher bruth, Rawl. 84a33 . Fiangal find Ailill acher (.i. garg), LL 311c36 . As adv. iachtais co acher ar a sargud do Bresal, LL 358 marg. sup. ba haicher ainmin . . . ro feradh in caitgleo-sin, CCath. 6007 .

1 caín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 caín or dil.ie/7787
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: caindeifriges, cainternais

adj i fine, good, fair, beautiful , etc. Of persons etc.: Bláán cáin Cinn Garad, Fél. Aug. 10 . C. ba cáin áge, July 6 . a phopa ch.¤ Conaire, BDD² 1175 . caínsi ch.¤ corcarda lais, 675 . caín tarb (caintarb, v.l.) (of Cet), Sc.M² 15 . coīn mīlid Ailill fri āgu, Corp. Gen. 8.13 . is cur c.¤ ¤ cathbúadach, LU 8956 ( FB 71 ). it caíni for slúaig, 5531 (TBC). am c.¤ (.i. ni ḟuil luib is chaime andú), LL 1555 . cid cáin lib in laechrad, IT i 77.9 (LMU). cáin cech culēn fó ṡaidh, Cáin Ad. 8 . aged chāin (: sōir), ACL iii 307 § 15 . ingen Chuinn an c[h]rotha caoin, ML² 810 . sé c.¤ ceilligi carthanach, Stair Erc. 1025 . Of an action: is cáin didiu a n-essimthecht `fair then is their going forth', Thes. i 495.19 (Ardm.). ? c.¤ forondar a chorp hi crú, LU 8339 ( FB 24 ) (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 604 ). Of clothes: fúan c.¤ corcra, LU 8601 ( FB 45 ). ad-mestar cáircha assa comthlachtaib cóinib, ZCP xi 85 § 39f. lend bus caoin dath, ML² 513 . Of objects soft, smooth : ail chaoin cumdachta, Ériu xiii 30.29 . im iomdhaidh thaoibh chais chaoin, 28.22 . ag cennghail um charraic cháin, Acall. 858 . mess fás. fidh cáin. olcc bláth `smooth' (i.e. devoid of fruit ?), SG 80.8 . is c.¤ cech ard, LU 3915 ( SCC 43 ). ba c.¤ ind fhidchell, TBFr. 90 . Of speech etc. soft, gentle : guthán c.¤ , Ériu xviii 12 § 6 . caoin fuigheall fri heigsi, Ériu xiii 14.3 . labhra chaoin, DDána 13.4 . d'aitheasg chaoin, 17.15 . cómhrádh caoin gach naoimh, Párl. na mB. 889 . ceól caoin na bhfilídhe, 1633 . ar chruit chaoin, DDána 119.29 . comhairle ch.¤ , ML 6.22 . Of weather fine, clement : sína caíni . . . gaim c.¤ cuisnech (oppd. to sína saiba), ZCP xi 82 § 25 . In chevilles: caoin rath, Blathm. 4 . caoin sgel, 153 . In nn.loc.. crutti Caínbili o Ess Rúaid da n-airfitiud, LL 8816 ( TBC-LL¹ 1449 ). Cf. Cluain caín, Druim caín, Caíndruim etc., Hog. Onom. Adv. co c.¤ cennsa, Stair Erc. 2235 .

Compar. Ailenn . . . / caīnu dūn dindgnai, Corp. Gen. 8.17 . cainiu cach fiach, SR 2485 . cainiu fedaib, Auraic. 5550 . ba cæine side cach fichthill, ZCP iv 35.17 v.l. As superl.: cáiniu di ḟlaithib in domuin, TBC-LL¹ 5171 .

Superl. ǽ drobéssach caínem di thonemaib Heirenn, Trip.² 1695 . Crist ba caoinem clú, Blathm. 247 .

As subst. Of a person: caoin ó a bhfaghair fóirithin (of a bishop), Arch. Hib. i 97 xviii . caíni U. (three harpers), TBFr. 108 . See 2 caín.

Compds. Forms compds. with nouns, adjj. and in adverbial sense with verbs. In composition with verbs treated as unstressed prefix, see GOI § 384 . In later lang. such compds. treated as simple vbs. e.g. caindeifriges, Auraic. 985 ; cainternais (sic leg.), ML 162.22 . Also used to form artificial compds. in etymol. glosses. Some of the compds. included here could belong to cain.

With nouns: ar a chaonairilledh, Leb. Gab.(i) 226.2 . bindḟogur a gotha ┐ a caínurlabra, LL 7740 ( TBC-LL¹ 210 ). trisin cainaisṅdíis (ref. to bene gratias agis). Wb. 12d20 . ar cháinbésaib im chóemchostud na fledi, MU² 211 . a gcrabhadh ┐ a ccáoinbhesaibh, Ériu v 74.13 . cāemdūdracht, cāinbēsa, ZCP viii 215.2 . do cech eclais bís i cāinbéscnu, Cáin Ad. 36 . aitherrach cáinbescna daib fri Dia, Anecd. i 41.20 . ica tá caoin bleith (of metal), O'Dav. 200 . ropo chuiscle chaenbríg, LL 27008 . fo cháinbuide (: óenṡuidi) na ndrong, SR 6055 . atcota becdata cāinbude humility wins gratitude, Anecd. iii 11.7 . ech gach eamhain ina caoincennas coir, Ériu xiii 27.8 ( Laws v 62.21 Comm. ). biaidh bo fó chaoinchethair ar anair n-iorchoraigh, xiii 25.22 `there will be a cow four fair times (i.e. there will be four cows) for a full melodious anair' (verse dealing with the rewards due to various metres), Meyer, Misc. Hib. 22 . ¤-chomrac etc. see separate entries. do-rala caínchomrád etir Coin C. ┐ Emir, MU² 136 . tré . . . caencrabud B., Lism. L. 3330 . atcota cīall cáin-chruth, Anecd. iii 10.18 . Mock n.pr.: Caonchruth mac Caoindhelbha, ii 64.5 . fothughad a caen-daime budein, Laws v 52.17 Comm. ¤-dúthracht etc., see separate entries. céd corn caoinegair, Mart. Don. xxxvi 14 . co cathair na caenḟled, Gorm. Dec. 18 . a chaínfochell asar corp `fair wage', Wb. 15c24 . tabraid . . . cāinforgall, Thes. ii 306.2 (Hy. i). ní raba . . . bá moo eneach na caonfuarascaibh ionás renown, TFrag. 178.1 . ¤-ḟúairrech etc. see separate entries. sin chaóinfresdail ┐ fritheoladh, RC xxix 146 § 72 . nach claistear a gcaoinḟriotal gentle speech, Hackett² xviii 39 . tria caonGhaoidheilg, Hugh Roe² 244.7 (fo. 61a) . Maccæma Túath nDea dom ét iar mo caenghuide, RC xii 60 § 18 . huanaib cainimbedaib ilaigthib gl. multiplicatis benedictionibus, Ml. 105a7 . cāinlāech Luigdech, AID i 53 § 3 , Celtica xi 125 . ar chrábhadh na caoin-léaghan do rádh `to say a prayer(?)', Celt. Rev. x 134.12 . caín-leas, MR 160.5 . fó ṡídh ┐ fo chaoin loisi, AFM ii 1164.6 . triallais . . . caenmag, LL 15762 . naoi ccuill chaoinmhesa, Ériu xiii 26.20 . anruth .i. sruth cain molta uadh, Laws iv 358.21 Comm. concertfa caenrecht for iathu B., YBL 181a11 . act rocloor for cáinscéilsi a good account of you, Wb. 23b2 , cf. b41 . fer ro scríb . . . / cáinscéla Críst chrochthai, Fél. May 6 . rind caein-sholais Chaingcrech, MR 114.2 . gan dire do chreith caoinṡrothaib, Ériu xiii 17.13 . á caintaidlech gl. satisfactionem, Ml. 32b22 . cáinteist diib `good testimony', Wb. 23a23 . ic tabairt chaintestusa, LB 107a24 . caintír toirthech (? cain), SR 963 . déce do caerca caeintlachta, Leb. Gab.(i) 30.15 . teinniu achuinscliu caíntocud, LU 7385 . trí hingena berta seirc do cháinthocud, Triads 110 . iarsin chaíntoil gl. secundum bonum placitum, Wb. 20d19 . do lucht na cain toile, ITS xxix 144.2 . 'na sgéith chreidimh ┐ chaointoile, Parrth. Anma 5064 . cáintoimtiu diib `a fair opinion of you', Wb. 23a22 . adchonncadar . . . isan chaentracht clerech, RC xxvi 160 § 47 . iarna cáintuistin, SR 7999 .

With adjj.

(a) Dvandva compds.: tecait cāinḟinn / corra, ḟāilinn `fair white birds', K. and H. 18 § 27 . cāinmaith slān / Sīrne, Ält. ir. Dicht. i 29.27 .

(b) Adjj. derived from nouns: go cobhsaidh caoin-bhéasach, TSh. 1854 . do reir diancecht cainbrethaig fair-judging, Laws iii 362.4 Comm. ambreith Chaei Chaenbrethaig, Thr. Ir. Gl. 9.2 . Connla Caoinbhriathrach, Keat. iii 518 . Mock n.pr. Feli ingen Caoinchlothaigh, Anecd. ii 64.9 . is caínchomairlechu beith i ssíd, LL 31741 (TTr.). uo cōinchomráitech . . . na fēne re chéle, Fianaig. 64.4 . a sgiath . . . chaoindealbhach, ML 112.19 . in dearc . . . caen-dénmach beneficent, PH 5923 . cros caoindénmhach uas a cind, AFM iii 312.10 . caindénmide gl. benefica est, Ml. 25d4 (caindenminde, MS). caindéinmidi (-deimidi, MS) gl. beneficam, 120b6 . amal as dund chaindénmidiu gl. benefico, 33b9 . nadbi caínfoltach nibi caínfuillmech `he who is not well qualified is not well remunerated', Ériu xviii 47.5 ( Laws v 112.7 ). cluithche caoínmhenmnach, Ériu v 166.56 . easbog cáoinráidhtioch, Párl. na mB. 3794 . labrad uallach ┐ chaintoimtenach dib fadesin `proud and self-complaisant speech', Ml. 31b10 . See caínḟúairrech.

With verbs: cáin-airlice lend graciously(?), LU 3489 ( SCC 26 ). mani cáinairlither `unless thou take good heed', Wb. 5b38 . in tan na cain-biadhtar cain-scarat, Laws v 292.12 . nī bo fri óigthea acher / cāinbói (.i. cáin nobíid) fri lobru trúagu, Thes. ii 328.3 (Hy.v). la Dal Riada cainebar / . . . / lethdeog, Anecd. i 14.15 ( SCano 478 ) (ibid). cáineperr gl. bene dicitur, Sg. 215a3 . caínéra, LU 3489 ( SCC 26 ). caoin éranar muca mbroghtar ina muicthech, Ériu xiii 27.23 = amail atbeir isin bretha nemidh cain erenar muc mbrogtar ┐ rl., O'Curry 1451 ( H 3.18, 647b ) (as-ren). c.¤ feid a rosc, LU 8342 ( FB 24 ). c.¤ fera bodil di fodbaid ríg (rhet.), 6122 (TBC). c.¤ fúalaing fuither glaini sair, 8343 ( FB 24 ). inna caingnethi gl. bene acta, Ml. 22d18 . With in-láidi, see ind-láidi. cumala caínógat a ngnímu `who fulfil their services well', Críth G. 485 and n . caínoís, LU 3489 ( SCC 26 ) (oidid). cain rognatha (gníid), Ml. 39a24 . cáinscríbaimm, Thes. ii 290.11 . caínté im gaí cainte gaithe, LL 1570 (téit). cia tīasam cáin temadar (.i. alaind), Thes. ii 299.30 (Hy. i). in-díu trá cáin-timgarat, Lament 90.5 . inna caintinscantai gl. bene coepta, Ml. 131c18 . caín tintaé chucum, LU 8310 ( FB 23 ). is caintormachtae (do-formaig), Hib. Min. 13.451 . clanda caine caīntuismiter, ZCP xi 92 § 21 . amail bid cainullmaigthe, Hib. Min. 13.448 .

In etymol. glosses on con as conjunction and preverb: caoinberim nó caoinbritheamnaigim gl. conidbiur, O'Dav. 391 (cf. Ériu xiii 21.30 ). conamus . . . .i. . . . ro cainaimsighedh, Laws i 48.18 Comm. conaraig . . . .i. . . . ro chain-airgestair, v 292.14 Comm. ar na conderbathar .i. ar na caindiubarthar, iv 196.23 Comm. (2 do-rorban?).

In later lang. used as occas. alliterating ornament e.g. do chogair ┐ do chaoin-chomhairligh aige féin, ML 26.14 .

With vnn.: cuile iar cainbiathad, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 52.29 ( Laws ii 386.z ). a condaill .i. a caindeligud, Auraic. 1501 . na ro cuindrigther . . . .i. na dentar do caindirech, Laws i 192.8 Comm. (etymol. gl.). in chainepirt gl. benedictio, Ml. 137d6 . tosach cōru cāinepert, Anecd. iii 16.15 . is maith bar caeineiberta, SG 350.1 . ¤-gním, see separate entry.

1 cathair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cathair or dil.ie/8362
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: caithir, caithir, cathair, caithri, chaithrib

n originally i, later k, f. Ériu xxvi 95 . Also caithir (see GOI 202 ). caithir f., IGT Decl. § 120 . n s. cathair marked `lochdach', ex. 1884 (see Duan. Finn iii p. 63). g. pl. clōas crīcha Cathriach, Corp. Gen. 9 (Rawl. 116 c 34) , Éigse xvii 429 . a p. caithri (: aithre), ZCP viii 198 § 18 . d p. do chaithrib (for metre; chathrachaib, MSS), Bruchst. i 4 .

(a) stone enclosure, fortress, castle; dwelling : Acher Foglass / fuirec cēt cathrach, Corp. Gen. 2.42 . frithe cathrach (`church', see (b) below), Laws v 320.8 .i. dogabur isin chathraig thall, 322.9 Comm. ben forcurtar i cathuir, 272.6 . cathuir uasal nemid `dwelling' (in list of places from which distraint may not be taken), 266.23 .i. cathuir uasal neimedh na heclaisi, 268.11 Comm. co cathraig Con Roí, LU 9037 ( FB 79 ). ic comét na cathrach (of fort of Culann), TBC-LL² 869 . fo chaithrecha . . . in talman, Auraic. 167 . fa mó na comla caithreach / clúasa na naithreach dwelling-place , Duan. F. i 78.12 . trī dūin tenna . . . ┐ trī cathracha com-daingne, ML² 1108 . lín catha san chaithirsin, IGT Decl. ex. 885 . ag léim chluidh chathrach, 1882 . daingne imda . . . .i. cathir Cind Chorad, ┐ Inis Gaill Duib . . . , Ann. Inisf. 1012.5 . ar lár cathrag Í Maireathig, 1212.4 . na cúirte cloch aolta ┐ na cathracha, AFM vi 2192.10 . caithir chuanna ceithre mbeann (of Clonfree), DDána 119.16 . lucht deigheoil 'n-a chaithir chuirr (of chieftain's castle), 66.7 . Of animals: do-lotar na bruic amach asa cathraig, Thr. Ir. Gl. xliv 15 . Transf. is cathir do chomét (of the Félire), Fél. Ep. 149 . c.¤ Chuinn (of Ireland), DDána 93.42 . c.¤ chaolaigh dhuinn (of mop of hair), 74.63 . dá rígcórughad . . . ┐ dá caithir crisdaingne (of two divisions of an army), Caithr. Thoirdh. 64.14 .

(b) monastic settlement, enclosure; monastery : for maig arutacht cathir (of St Bridget), Thes. ii 328.4 ( Hy. v 10 ). folamadar . . . P. congabad c.¤ ic A. Ḟ., Trip.² 1270 . bid úasal do chathir (said to Bishop Erc), 473 . comarba cathrach Ciarain, Auraic. 5268 . indliged na heclaisi . . . [mad indliged] na cathrach . . . is dire cathrach fais[e] doib (`cathedral'), Laws v 172.12 , 13 Comm. bid mór do chathir i fus / be manchach for nem, Ériu iii 108 § 54 .

(c) fortified city, city: ro bói isin chaithir, Wb. 13b1 . Crist didiu issí in chathir, 21c5 . dia mbrith huan chadraig `from the city', Ml. 66c14 . immin cathraich, 48d14 . imm oslucud inna cathrach, 46b5 . ro soirad in chathir di lamaib Assar, 61d2 . for longais hua chathir (leg. huan? Edd.), 74a13 . donchathraig gl. in urbem, Sg. 216b6 . tor cathrach, LU 2786 . co cathroigh n-amhræ Luimnech, ZCP vii 304.x . gusan gcarthaigh iona roibhe Aimpírius, ZCP xxxiii 133 § 17 . cúig caithreacha, Dán Dé xvii 25 . a gcaithridh Chorint, Mac Aingil 5784 . For c.¤ attaig see attach, and cf. ZCP xxv 225 .

Of heaven: nói ngrád . . . / cathrach in Ríg romair, Fél. Ep. 236 . in cathir . . . ina fuil in rígsudi, LU 2036 ( FA 11 ). Of hell: im chuaird cathrach Díabail, LU 2421 .

In n. loc.: coro bris Cathraig Conaind (more usually Tor C.), LL 14698 . See Hog. Onom.

Compd.: bean is teachtaire . . . ón chaithirlios (of Mary), Aithd. D. 72.7 .

See catrai.

fairrge, fairge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fairrge, fairge or dil.ie/21164

Forms: foirrce, foirrgae, fairci, fairrgeadha, fairgi

n , f. (Thurn., ZCP xi 312 , suggests the derivation from *foirsge, abstr. of fairsing, q.v. Cf. Fél., Aug. 14 , cited below. See also RC xxviii 14 ; xxxiv 482 , Ériu iii 86 ).

I Extent, expanse (?) : tar fairgi lir longaig, Fél. Aug. 14 .

II The open sea, ocean: foirrce, Sg. 67b9 (gl. Thetis). foirrgae, 124a1 . aigén .i. fairrge, O'Cl. fairrge .i. [a] fervore .i. o bruth, O'Mulc. 492 . fairci (gl. [a]equor), Ir. Gl. 1103 . in fhairghi (gl. abyssus) 575 . is acher in gaíth innocht | fufuasna fairggae findḟolt `it tosses the ocean's white hair' Thes. ii 290.4 . ro rathaig Noe ... ind fairge do imthrāgud, SR 2548 . co mbaí Noe ... cen imcasin | di bith buan acht fairggi fraig, 2579 . fótrond farrci dimóre LU 9099 ( FB 85 ). tíagait ass forsin farrci, LU 6726 ( BDD 22 ). formnae na fairgge, LU 6863 ( BDD 44 ). frithe fairge a waif of the sea Laws v 320.9 . for muir ┐ fairrge, PH 2081 . cia leth i teit an grian ... o thét fon fairrciu ?, RC xiv 36z . muirchomrac forsind [ḟ]arce, AU 1022 . ind ḟairgge ochar-gorm, TBC-LL¹ 5027 . in ḟarggi, 5976 . ro cuiritt . . . tar muir ┐ tar mórfhairrge were sent across the sea Cog. 138.23 . for tonnaibh na trenfairrcciu (: indiu), BNnÉ 100.24 (form due to rime). gér gháibhtheach ... an fhairrge, TSh. 2067 . foghlaighe fairrge pirates 2380 . don leith thall d'ḟairrge, Keat. i p. 72.13 . Rare in pl. : na fairrgeadha the seas Psalms lxix 34 . In n.l. (rare) : in fairgi Ioanda (mare Ionicum) BB 451a7 ( Aen. 181 ). in fairgi nIondae (acc.) BB 451a10 (= Aen. 184 ).

feochair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. feochair or dil.ie/21623

Forms: fechair, feuchair, feuchuir, feochrae, feochar, feocru

adj i (O. Ir. feuchair) rarely fechair, stern, severe ; later fierce, indomitable, wild (gen. but not invariably in unfavourable sense) : feuchair (gl. severus) Ml. 27a19 . feuchuir (gl. severus) 23d24 . huan todail feuchuir (gl. fero haustu) 134b4 . fergach nó feochur (fechuir v.l. ; gl. on ` acher ' Hy v 9 ). Of persons : rí feóchair (= ferox) Lat. Lives 63 . rí fechoir gentlidi ib. 2 . slog ... fergach f.¤ PH 8103 . fer blaith cennais ... f.¤ laind ` vigorous ' (of St. Bartholomew) 1975 . file fechair ` stern ' Metr. Dinds. iii 56 . Ipamedon f.¤ fergach, TTebe 2726 (= ferus, Theb. vii 430 ). fianna feochra, TBC-LL¹ 5683 . féinnidh fiuchair, Ó Bruad. ii 180 . Of animals : fael f.¤ , SR 4816 . ba f.¤ ... féig in beist ... cia chruth fogebad conair d'admilliud A., 1129 . ech f.¤ , LU 8631 ( FB 47 ). nuallān fuinche feochrae (g s f. ?) ACL iii 310 § 9 . anmanna feochra wild beasts CCath. 4320 . Of things, etc.: is f.¤ in frecra ` savage ' BDD 63 . cath fulech ... f.¤ , Cog. 110.11 . fogartha feochrai, SR 48 (feochraib MS. metri gratiâ). In chev. : f.¤ glóir, SR 5443 . (as neut. subst. ?) feochar ṅgal, Metr. Dinds. iii 258.29 . f.¤ ngoile ITS v 40.10 . Compar. : ní fairgēba-su ... leō bus feochra TBC-I¹ 351 = feocru LU. airdri ... as feochru cach ndracoin, Ériu ii 98.4 . Compd. : feochair-galach, ML 134.15 .

foglas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foglas or dil.ie/22767
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: fochan fóglas

adj o-ā (glas)

(a) lit. of a greenish or bluish tint: fochan fóglas `greenish corn-blades' Fél. p. xxv 1 (cf. fochon fonnghlas, Lism. L. 4584 ). dunad foglass, LL 28b2 = d. fondglass, Metr. Dinds. i 28.12 . cf. Cóir Anm. 109 cited s.v. foichne. (As subst.) a minor bruise ( Ériu lii 141 § 2 ): trí seoit a foderg, a f.¤ (of bruises or wounds) O'D. 827 (< H 3.17 c. 591 ). a foglas (.i. iar tain) ib.

(b) fig. specious (?), flourishing, bright (?): dochuaid Iudas ass | co n-ilur mbriathar f.¤ fair, plausible (?) SR 7710 . foglass a ṅgen (ṅgein MS.) tibes duit a maig ... tuaith cricha Cuirc `bright is the smile that smiles on you from the plain' Hail Brigit § 15 ( LL 49b50 ); prob. a play on words, the lit. meaning green being implied; cf. nimbi (nimpui v.l.) f.¤ fonn gean combrass, Anecd. i 71 § 182 (`das gewaltige Gelächter ... war ihm kein Grund zur Freude' Meyer, ZCP xi 164 , reading: nīmbōi f.¤ , but the syntax of this is not clear).

As epithet: Feradach f.¤ , Rawl. 83a40 . Foglas Feredach, Ält.Ir.Dichtg. i 17 § 9 . Cf. Acher F., 40 § 12 .

1 foth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 foth or dil.ie/24153
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: fotha, fuith, futhu

n o, n., m. n p. fotha, fuith (cf. fudha, v.l. fugha, IGT, Decl. § 180 ?), Thurn. held : atait secht fod la Feine, Laws v 264 , to be a misreading of ... secht fodla la F., but the comm. gl. a secht no fothaigedh' suggests foth.

A word of doubtful meaning, freq. in legal tracts; expld. by O'Don. ` claim, right, title, property'; `title, claim', Plummer ; by Thurneysen ZCP xiii 301 - 303 as that which can represent or be substituted for something else owing to similarity of nature or behaviour ; he assigns to it the a p. futhu in Cambr. 37b (see futhu and cf. O'Bruadair cited s.v. foich). a thing which someone else has a claim on, which has been promised to someone else, or is forfeit to someone else ( Ériu lvi 78n ); token, sign (?). The word is glossed by O'Dav. as follows (a) f.¤ .i. dliged nó gnimrad ut est ataat .iiii. anmann dona macaib so ... bid a f.¤ maicne dobertais anmann doib .i. ... o gnimrad nó o dligid maicne, O'Dav. 908 . (b) f.¤ no fod .i. amail, ut est ... for finntedha foth ... ; Ocus ... : fodh macaib sceo i ngenaibh, 878 . (c) f.¤ .i. demin, ut est ar ní aidbriudh for f.¤ forlengar for dilsi, 941 = for fot forlengar, Ériu xiii 54 ( H 3.18 p. 61a , faint dot over -t). Cf. follg. exx. mas indraic ┐ esinnraic dorala iman sēt cidh í in inraic aidhbres cidh aice aidhbrethar ... is cedfaidh gach uair do bheith foth ninais no foth creca co remdilsi ag in innraic, coma hi in esinnraic do dena imdenam, O'Curry 2151 ( Eg. 88, 3ba ). mas da innraic no da esinnraic dorala um an sēt is lais in tí oga tarrus é a imdenam cidh bé foth bus ail les d'imairt air, O'Curry 2151 ( Eg. 88, 3ba ). masa cend co memur, no eclaisdacda co tuata, no innraic co hesinnraic is leosidhe imdenam in gach foth da dtig eliugh uile ┐ i fotha comarda ┐ leitharda ... acht cenmotha da fotha .i. foth creca, go remdilsi, no fo n-inais con esinnraic ┐ fo creca nama og an innraic, is a dhenam don esinnraic conadh foth creca go remdilsi, no gonadh foth ninais di é, ┐ a dhenam don innraic conadh foth creca cin remdilsi di é ..., O'Curry 2152 (= O'D. 1641 - 2 ). duine ... roba lis imdénam a seoit do rer in fuid ro imir air, O'D. 1641 ( H 5.15, 19a ). masa ... cend co memur is leoside imdénam in cach foth a mbia éliugud dóib, ┐ in cach foth uili cid iat aidbres cid aca aidbrither cen mothat da foth foth creca co remdilsi no foth ninais oc in esinraic ┐ fo creca namā con indraic ..., O'D. 1641 - 2 ( H 5.15, 19a = O'Curry 2151 - 2 ). is iat na fuith ( fotha, O'Curry 2152 ) comarda .i. foth n inais aca mar aen, no foth creca co remdilsi ; is iat na fuith (fotha O'C.) lethárda foth n inais con dara de ┐ foth comarda [leg. creca, as in O'Curry 2150 ] co rémdilsi no cen remdilsi con tí eili, no foth creca co rémdilsi no foth creca namá con tí eili ib. O'D. 1642 . set aidbreda aithfégthar sund iter da feichemain a n-urlaim coitchind, ┐ nechtar de don dá fechemain ro fuaitgestar ón urlaim cen airech ón, ┐ is don fir ḟuil aca n-aidbriud rainic a imdénam do rer a fuid, ┐ nocha do féin is aichnid é, acht da bligne no dá buachaill, O'D. 1651 ( H 5.15, 21a ). duine lasi mbia fod (mas indraic ┐ esindraic dorala umun sét. cid im indraic aidbres cid aca aidbrither, is le imdénum cipé foth is áil di de. Más da indraic no da esindraic dorala umun sét, is leis in tí ca tarrus cipé foth bus áil de), O'D. 1653 - 4 ( H 5.15, 22a ). gach innraic aidhbris a set ag eisinnraic, ┐ is foth n-inais [foth n-ínfais, 23 Q 6, 42 ] imrid a ndís, is lais in innraic imdhenamh go fior testa ina diagh, ach muna tairge an antest oga n-aidhbrither fíor Dé, ┐ dia tairge ní bfuil fíor is taire nas in fior tairge (.i. d'imdenam), O'Curry 2288 ( Eg. 88, 21ab ) = 23 Q 6, 4a ( O'Curry 1601 ). atait tri fotha la Feine doberat tuinidhe ┐ dilsi do neoch, .f. n-inais ┐ .f. n-imna ┐ .f. reimdilsi .i. aní fothaighter do dilsi roime riam, H 3.18, p. 208b = O'Curry 2287 ( Eg. 88, 21ba ). See also s.v. inás. ? atait secht fod la Feine nadcon toibget athgabail `seven rights' Laws v 264.11 (see fod). elguin ┐ toiscid, anfis ┐ eitge, acht in eitge iffod fodhal son rop toiscidh roba elguin, i 262 ; expld. by Thurn. loc. cit. `except the eitge which represents, i.e. comprises, the divisions' (i.e. the classes of `eitge,' see Laws iii 88 ).

Cf. na Dessi Muman mor cath ... | Oengus Eogan acher bruth | Rus in Fothad cona foth (: cloth), Rawl. 84a33 .

fuirec

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fuirec or dil.ie/24873
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: fuiric

n o, n., later m. preparation, especially provision for feeding or entertaining ; food, etc. offered in entertainment: condip maith a f.¤ i nnim, Wb. 29c8 (on 1 Timothy vi 19 ; `provision' Thes., `Bewillkommnung' Ped.). nípu du thír nā ferund dó a f.¤ dorigni acht do thorad a da lám ..., LU 4977 . diamad mé douéradh fuiriocc, robadh méth cech manuc, ZCP vii 268 § 4 . atchí an fuirecc mbidh bae occa BNnÉ 301 § 7 . oc indisin dō ind fuiric fogebad, Hib. Min. 46.29 . fichi dabach do cach lind | cona [b]fuireac ós a cind `with the accompaniment of viands' Leb. Cert. 250.6 = co na furigh, BB 281a2 . do luidh a mhathair do breith teneadh i ttigh i mbaoi fuireg i nḟogus ... tiomghart an bhen ... digh don chormaimm, Ériu xiii 24.16 (hence : f.¤ .i. cuirm, O'Dav. 867 ). pl. tri fuiric thige degduni : cuirm, fothrucad, tene mor, Triads 97 . fessa ┐ furic arna ndénam do, LL 172a33 ( CRR 8 ). darónait fessa ┐ fuireca leosum, LL 172aw ( CRR 9 ). se arna breith cuigi ar fuirecc fleide a banquet AU iii 356.28 . tuccadh fuireg fleidhe ... do Ch., ITS v 156.14 . Freq. in association with fled and apparently synonymous : fuireag .i. fleadh no fésda, O'Cl. ac ol a fled ┐ a fuireoc, RC xiii 62.16 . ro chaitdis a bfleadha ┐ a bfuireca, Marco P. 12 . do chaithedar flegha ┐ fureca na nDanar, Caithr. CC § 22 . do bhí a bhfleadh ┐ a bhfuireagh ar a ordúghadh an oidhche sin ML 56.2 (= a fledha ┐ a fuirega, ML² 832 ). síorbhladhach foireacc na ffear hospitality (of Leinster lords) Top. Poems 74.7 ( Top. Poems² 863 ). As technical term (of a due ?) : f.¤ .i. nomen bíd ferthar ria notlaicc ... .i. in banb samna, O'Dav. 978 . ma rometha fuiric .i. in banb samna .i. iter da nodlaic, da .s. ina meath la diablad .n. (= n-aithgena), CIH v 1910.30 . cf. tricha tinne tricha bó | furec ceneoil Fergusso, LU 9584 ( ZCP iii 204 ). Transf. of a pers. or place a provider, entertainer: Acher Foglass f.¤ cet cathrach, Rawl. 115a42 = Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 40 § 12 . ? fuirec fesi fír-Themra, Bondarenko 125.15 .

Cf. fer fuiric, H 3.18, 207a ( O'Curry 370 ) = fer fuiriridh, Ériu xiii 16.11 .

2 gáeth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 gáeth or dil.ie/25098

Forms: gaíth

n ā, f. O.I. gaíth wind : is acher in gaíth innocht, Thes. ii 290.1 . an durinfid gaith when the wind had blown, Ml. 96c4 . cloi gaithe, gl. turbo, Sg. 93a4 . cid gáithe (gaethe v.l.) déne, Hymns ii 39. for láim deis ... don prím-gaíd, BCr. 19c2 ( Thes. ii 13.31 ). Ml. 67d9 . it anman aier níuil ┐ gaitha, 120d11 . Ri roordaig ocht ṅgaetha, SR 45 . rodelb ... na hocht ngaetha, Laws i 26.27 Comm. cairm itat adbai na ṅgaeth, SR 7941 . For colours of winds see 53 - 80 and Laws i 26 . goíth imómain `wind of terror' (?), LU 7446 ( BDD 101b ). ic lécud gáithi ┐ grene fóe letting wind and sun play on him, TBC-LL¹ 1702 . ba samalta ... ra sidi répgaithi erraig, 3382 . lúathidir gaíth n-erraig, LU 3809 ( SCC § 37 ). Cog. 182.7 . grian d' a loscud ┐ gaeth do dula úad (a curse), RC xiii 52 § 40 . ar toirling da each ac ligen gaíthe futhi letting it get wind, xix 262 (Fier.). in feidm rothógad-san ara gualainn ní fuigthi a Temraig nech dobered gáoth eter hé ┐ lar ... anyone who could lift it high enough to let wind blow between it and the ground, ZCP xiii 199 § 11 . Cf. FB 26 . athach gáithe, IT i 131.4 . tri fuasnad ... ngoithe, PH 4117 . Cog. 182.13 . goeth di muir Muiredach, Rawl. 116a48 ( Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 29 § 24 ). ingen gáithe. i. blogh don gaith.i. in anal (a kenning), O'Dav. 1097 . gairm i n-agidh gaíthi (of a fruitless undertaking), ZCP iv 469 § 20 . d' eirigh gaoth idir dá sgód orrainn (i.e. a favourable wind), ITS i 24.9 (see RC xxxix 194 ). iarna fogluasacht don maeth-gáith moved by the soft wind, TFerbe 75 . ic lánṡeolad ri leth-gaethaib, LL 236a34 ( TTr. 1431 ). goetha luatha loisctecha, IT i 190.27 . ar neimhibh na ngaeth `against the poisons of the winds,' Ériu iv 236 § 7 . TTebe 228 . teach ... tre nach cuireann gaoth ghlór, DDána 119.25 . coilech gaithe a weather-cock, Ir. Gl. 510 . gaoth ghuairdeáin a whirlwind , Celtica i 379 . gáeth rúadh a blasting , 1 Kings viii 37 . gruaimín gaoithe (?), 23 G 24, 239.25 (Aodh mac Cuirtín). Gobha Gaoithe (npr m.), Oss. iv 20.19 . Fig. a cholann Iosa fhuair gaoith ... that received the breath of life, Dán Dé xxvi 24 . gaoth na glóire díomhaoine, TSh. 878 . gaoth no sbiorad eigin phriobhaideach, Luc. Fid. 292 . téit re gaíth goes mad (lit. goes with the wind) : co ndeachaigh re gaith ┐ re gealtacht, CF 317 . can tocht re gaith, Cog. 182.22 . Cf. madra gaíthe a mad dog : e féin do ṡeachnadh ar mhadraibh gaoithe (transl. Spanish `can rabiosa'), Corp. Astron. 134 . (Calamentum) a thabhairt ... don duine ghearras madradh gáoithe ... ┐ fóiridh iad, 23 K 42, 380.13 .

Compds. ¤buadartha wind-tossed : is gaoth-bhuadhartha geimhre[adh], Todd Lect. iv 62.2 . ¤garg (?) fierce as the wind (?) : airi raloisc Hercoil ard | daig rogab galar gaethgarg, LL 143b28 ; cf. galar garbgaeth ` sharp disease ,' 127a38 ( MacCarthy 150.10 ). ¤méide ` wind-swept gullies ,' O'Gr. Cat. 459.10 . ¤muir a windy sea : go ttille an ghaothmhuir a geóin, Studies 1921, 74.4 . ¤rian a stormy sea, Metr. Dinds. ii 38 . ¤ṡluagh the fairy host (coming on the wind) : re gredhain gaethsluaigh, Acall. 938 n . ¤ṡnechta wind-drifted snow : garbha gáoithṡnechta, BS 90 § 45 ( BS² 1361 ).

2 grinde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 grinde or dil.ie/26656

n io, m.

I a faggot, a bundle: fasciculum id est ere vel grinne, Reg. 105a11 ( Thes. i 2.16 ). fascud a faisce, ōn grinde, Corm. Y 623 . fascud a fasce .i. ō grinniu, O'Mulc. 496 . Tarclam Ainge grinne nglan | ... cach crand ... | isin grinne buc barr-úr, Metr. Dinds. ii 58.5 , 8 . Of some part of a chariot: rosuidiged in carpat sin for dá n-echaib ... fo grinnib áillib a ḟén, TBC-I¹ 1974 ; 2334 ; 2557 . ? aill is grinne fidlo find, ZCP xi 110.30 . dimin. a pl. amal na grinnenu .i. bite im chrechtu (gl. on fasceolas), Ml. 144c5 .

II a crowd, a company, a troop of soldiers: ingnadh leisin ngrinne ngorm `a marvel to the swarthy host,' Ériu iv 114 § 15 . barclan do ṡlógaib ┐ do grinnib ocus do leigionaibh, CCath. 4965 . tri catha Gaeidilech ┐ grinde Gall do indrudh Con[n]acht, RC xviii 57.17 . armdattus grinni Gaedel `the armed-fighting men of the G.,' Ériu viii 69.52 . doriṅgni cruadchippi grinni bec di she became (as it were) a small hard phalanx (?), IT iii2 514.724 . bheith a ngrinne ghlan, | is gille óga it fharradh `to be in a choice company,' BS 58.11 . grinne a congregatione , O'Mulc. 662 . Acher ... Dondobur dōel, Gabrōn, grinne for Findubair a company [of 3 brothers] over F., Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 13 § 2 . Grinne fairne F rainc, Frig, ib. i 31 § 48 . grindi sengan a swarm of ants, Anecd. i 53 § 20.

2 imm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 imm or dil.ie/27636

Forms: imm[e]cal

used as an intensive prefix. Rare in O. Ir. Becomes very common in Early Mod. Ir. Sometimes appears to add little or nothing to the meaning of the word. It is used with (a) adjectives, (b) nouns, and (c) verbs.

(a) With adjectives: ¤ acher very keen: imscoich ┐ imacher a gnímrad in gillai `very cutting and very keen were the deeds of the lad,' Ériu iv 30.1 . ¤adbal very huge, very vast; very great: as mé Concopur ... for loch Eachach iomadhbhal, TFrag. 98.4 . ar fut Hérenn imaidble, Metr. Dinds. iv 26.14 . aitcesair eill imadhbail, KZ xxxiii 82.36 . for esrassaib imáidble in díthrib, LB 129a47 . As a personal epithet: rop hí in chóiced ben bladmar | Etar étrocht imadbal `Etar the splendid and stately,' Metr. Dinds. iii 112.44 . mór do algib imaidbli ┐ do trenḟeraib tréna `many huge heroes,' TTr. 1137. ¤aebda very beautiful: for arddaib imaebda na hAthaine, TTr. 1147. ¤aesta very aged: ar ráthuibh iomaosta Erenn, MS. Mat. 579.16 . ¤aicbéil very dreadful: alad uroslaicthi imaicbeil `gaping awful wound,' MR 300.3 . ¤aimréid very rough: carracbenna sliaph n-urard n-imaimreidh, CCath. 3804. ¤airdirc very conspicuous, very visible: cathir imairdirc imthend (of Tara), LL 28b16 . ¤álainn very beautiful: Brian mac Echach imáloinn, SG 332.23 . assai immálli, TTr. 1039. ¤amnas very fierce, very harsh: rechmi cath n-imrind n-imda n-imamnas, LU 3423 (rhetoric). dorinnsid gnim n-imamnas, SR 3616. in beist imamnas, 1130 . hóglaochrad imamnus, Anecd. ii 72.18 . bir chruaid fir imamnuis, Anecd. ii 66.16 . batar airrechtaig imámnais a n-airrig, Alex. 636. As subst. it he in so ceithre immamnas imdegla ┐ dirig ratha, Bürgschaft 25 § 68. ¤ard very high: slíab Lecga ... cid imard ní himdorcha, Metr. Dinds. iii 110.20 . rahimthescad andsain fidbad immard imremur, TTr. 126. corrbrōga imarda imthechta, ZCP xiii 168.11 . gus in aitheach nán niomard, Duan. F. i 41.15 . As subst. co himard an flaithis, De Contemptu 160 § 80 n. z . ¤arsaid very old: Ericto aingidh imarsaidh, CCath. 4314. in mucc úathmar immarsaid `the loathly long-lived pig,' Metr. Dinds. iii 158.8 . ¤athlam very dexterous, very nimble: ilar nathrach n-imathlam, SR 896. dorigni firt n-imathlam, 5354 . atá sund Carn uí Chathbath | fors' rimred arm imathlam `against whom a nimble weapon was wielded,' Metr. Dinds. iv 30.2 . Adv.: túargab a lam co immathlam darís, TBC-LL¹ 1998. tarraid C. cruadlann a claidim co himathlam `expertly,' MR 300.22 . ¤chaín very lovely: do luidh ... Fergus fó chonghraim imchain, O'Curry 1307 (< H 3.18, p. 603a ). drumslaitt na heclisi imchaine, LB 121a2 . ¤choimse very convenient ?, closely fitting ?: ro gabh a corrc[h]athbarr ... cona remartinnib imcoimsib dib remartinnib imcoimsib, CCath. 4696. cuarsciath cona sciathrach imcoimsi, 5313 . ¤chrúaid very hard, difficult: madh áil daibh eolus imchruaidh, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 66.13 . ¤dána very bold, intrepid: caeca brat, is breath chána | do righ Ailigh imdhána, Leb. Cert. 124.8 . ¤dánach very gifted ?: la sluag n-imdanach angel `with a gifted (?) host of angels,' ACC 172.14 . ¤dlúith very close, very compact, very firm: ro gab dá asan imdluithi iarainn, CCath. 4667. lúrech imdlúith umaide, TTr. 1855. (liburni) cosna seolchrannaib imdlúithi imremra anfólli uasaib, 1410 . ¤doilig, ¤duilig very difficult; placed in a very difficult position: cid hí ind ascid imduilig `though that is the hard request,' Metr. Dinds. iii 340.48 . Adv. atusa co hiomdoiligh uime sin, TBC-LL¹ p. 163 n. 8 . ¤domain very deep: ra gabastar a ḟuathbróic n-imdangin n-imdomain n-iarnaide, TBC-LL¹ 3729. co ndernai ocian imdomain ... don conair for a n-imthigthis na catha, CCath. 2639. an cholann do chor i n-uaimh iomdhomhain, TSh. 1108. As subst. utmost depth: atconncadur na tri fiaich a fudomain (himdhomain v.l.) in mara, Acall. 7058 v.l. fo indtamail [na] curach gnáthaigther ... imdoimnibh srotha Níl, CCath. 2381. ar aillib ┐ ar im-doimnib an aigēin, ML² 701. ó 'dchonncadar an ród réidh | tre iomdhomhain an aigéin, DDána 74 § 3. rosuiged ┐ rosluiged a rosc ... in n-imdomain a cind, TTebe 201 . i n-iomdhomhain ifrinn, TSh. 928. ¤dochar. As subst. a very rough place: rocoraiged ar forbaib ┐ ar ferannaib iat ... ar imdocraib imfuara ┐ ar cairgib cenngarba, Ériu viii 8.11 . ¤dorcha very dark: rosgab gráin ... frisin tech n-óbéla n-oslacthi n-imdorcha, MacCongl. 15.6 . tír ... ainmin accarb imdorcha, CCath. 3803. inn uam[h]annaip imdorcaibh ṡlebhe Peil, 5632 . retlanda ... inna haidchi imdorcha, TTebe 26 7. ? To this: nī rubai Cuchulaind nech itir na Sailiu Imdoirchi (imdorthi, v.l. LU) i crich Conailli, TBC-I¹ 858. As subst. a dark place: do chuadar lena gcreachaib a ndiamraibh ocus a nimmdhorchaib dá nimchumdach, ALC ii 244.4 . ¤dub very dark, entirely black: costecht ... slúagad n-ímdub, TBC-LL¹ 202. ar biastaib ilardaib | imdubaib imthennaib | ticed domm imdegail, LU 1173. Metaph. very malignant: iodhna beoil, gan aoir niomdhuibh | iodhna fhoghlama gan ghes, MS. Mat. 576.11 . ¤ecal greatly afraid, very fearful: imm[e]cal gl. pauidus, Ml. 58b7 . ba himecail (himecal, v.l. LU) imorro int ara colléic, TBC-I¹ 635. gerva himegoil lais na tairnge as mo ro-vamnaigh tvitim isin loch, Aisl. Tond. 100 § 2. bátir immecal-som (imeaglaigh-sium, imeclai-sium, v.ll.) oc aicsin ind ní-sin, RC ix 480.6 . rop imecul in trét, PH 6723. ba himeccal laissiumh aittreabh ettorra, BNnÉ 87.6 . ba himecul leo a mbiad fen do thinad uadib, LB 157a27 .

¤eclach

(a) very fearful, very timorous: na bid uamnaig imeclaig, SR 4830. a beith meta ocus a beit[h] immecclac[h] `cowardly and timorous,' CCath. 4447. con[a] puplaibh imeclach[a] `to the terrified peoples,' 365 . batar imeclaigh iar n-aicsin an neich adcondcatar, RC i 466.13 . go bhfuilid na fir chogaidh imeaglach, Jeremiah li 32. guth imeclach eccruaidh `a frightened feeble voice,' Stair Erc. 383. Adv. ro imthigh roime co himeclach, ib. 1915 . roerig Ethiocles co haduathmar aindsclech imeclach, TTebe 640 .

(b) causing fear, terrible: tárfás fís imeclach, uathfásach dó, CCath. 1453. Adv. atreachtatar íarum lucht na cathrach co húathmar ┐ co himeclach, TTr.² 1871.

¤éscaid very quick, very alert: rucatar sidhi arnaid athlum imēsgaid, Fianaig. 88.12 . Adv. luidh go hathlamh imésccaidh, AFM v 1314. 15 . ¤eslán very unwell: do bói ... imeslán a haithle na scethrach, Acall. 7175. ¤étromm very light (lit. and metaph.): gebid in rí a ḟiallgud n-imétrom n-imthechta immi, TBC-LL¹ 966. rogab sciamh-luirig nimetruim, CCath. 4680. roráidhis, a Eorann oll | aithesg álainn iméttrom, BS § 32 . Adv. ro lenait e ... co imetrum, Cog. 190.4 . ¤ḟann very weak: ní léim nimḟann, Fél. Dec. 31. As subst. a very weak person: is e noshoerad na bochtu ┐ na hamhfhanna o cumhachtaibh an tsaeguil, Lism. L. 4890. ¤ḟartail very mighty ?: tucsad cend Dornmáir dhaltaidh | is Innasclaind imḟartail `they brought the head ... of imperious Indascland,' Metr. Dinds. iv 300.x . ¤(ḟ)ocus, ¤acus very near, very close, neighbouring: nipu immaccus in taidrius `not very near was the return,' Wb. 18d5 . is imḟocus etruinn cen[i] iman-aci duind, IT ii2 190.2 . fidbuid āluinn imfoccus impe do cach leith, Ériu i 39 § 3. it immaicsi na fuli dobertatar ḟort, TBC-LL¹ 4349. immaicse (iomḟoigse, v.l.) taithlig `ever ready for an excuse,' Tec. Corm. § 16.24 . ? cletha im[m]aicsi cen sēna, ZCP viii 195 § 9. Tond Tuaige Tond Rudraighe | nídat imfoiccsi a n-airde, Anecd. ii 24 § 16. oc na righuibh imfhoicsi `at the neighbouring kings,' Marco P. § 178. ro athchuirset da urchur imfhoiccsi fhir-dhirge eturru, MR 254.16 . Compar. da roiset ann anmcharait | bat imḟoicsi do Dia, Acall. 2616. As subst. nearness, neighbourhood: in fuil uisci a n-imfogus duin, Acall. 1547. is annsin atconncadur férbrug gabala ind imoccus dóib, 4179 . luidh co teach bai i nimfogus na cathrach, Ériu v 122.53 . ro bo cinti crīch i mbethaid i n-imḟogus dóib, Fianaig. 92 § 38. ¤gairit very short: delan ... ┐ ráe imgairit as `a very short rope (?) out of it,' CCath. 4100. ¤gann very confined, very spare: i nIffurn huathmar imgann, SR 934 . i ṅglinn Iosophath imgann, 2006 . bai in bangleo nar' imgann, 3078 . Galión fir na n-orb n-imgand, LL 7a51 . cath Gabra ... ollgus imgand, mebaid ria Fergus `a rare achievement,' Arch. Hib. ii 60 § 18 ( LL 182b41 ). int húath imgann `the lean spectre,' Ériu iv 102.1 . Adv. lá d'Ossín ... inna chumriuch co himgand `in rigid bondage,' Metr. Dinds. iii 248.82 . As subst. nírb é in t-imgand ar ernmass `he was no shirker in the mêlée,' Metr. Dinds. iii 244.34 . ¤garb very rough: slabraidh imgarba iarnaidhe, CCath. 2658. As subst. druimní suithe ... atat da ernail furre .i. imgharbh ┐ anaichnídh, is é so in timgharbh (of metres), IT iii 96.2 . ¤garg very fierce: rochrochad ... do lāmaib Eigius imgairg, Ériu iii 194 § 4. mac Eris uallaich imgairg, BB 229b51 . ¤gel very white, very fair: cach conair dolluid in ben | moslúi in t-usce úar imgel `the cold white water followed,' Metr. Dinds. iii 30.70 . genair o Echtaig imgil, LL 28b50 . mac sin Cainche imghile, Duan. F. i 92.z . ¤gér very sharp, very keen: (scíath) cona bil áithgéir ailtnidi imgéir, LU 6431. manaois mhór ... uilleannach imghéar, CRR² § 26. ¤gerr very short: Aodh imgerr, BNnÉ 254 § 212 . at-condarc-sa triar ... co pudrallaib imgerra urardda, MU² 773. doríne tri hoirdne imgerra dhe, Acall. 1920 v.l. ¤glan very pure, very bright: tri ingena imglana, SR 6520. Étar étrocht imghlan `bright radiant Etar,' Metr. Dinds. iv 264.17 . a clerig ... mac ... meic lemnachtai immglain `son of pure new milk,' MacCongl. 33.19 . ¤glicc very clever, very cunning: ba fond n-orddnide n-imglicc, LL 28b3 . batar amais ana imglicca, Alex. 3. ¤glinne (see 1 glinne) very secure: grecha a bretha ... brigach n-imglindi a chert (of a judge), ZCP xii 364.22 . is foc[h]en breth breithemun brighach nimglinde, O'D. 2212 (< Nero A vii, fo. 146b ). Feargus fergen imglinne, BB 278a2 .

¤grinn

(a) very pleasant: bennacht ... ar ingin Elcmair imgrind, Acall. 7241. iar feiss ri Meill n-imgil n-imgrind, MS. Mat. 489.12 ( LL 45b19 ). Dál nAruidhe uasal imghrinn, Keat. iii 1808.

(b) very strong, very fierce: ro marb Argatmár imgrind, Todd Lect. iii 180.2 . ropa ghníomh écóir imghrinn, SG 367.38 .

¤inóclach very fit for mating ?: dona mnaibh iminóglacha fuair se ar talamh, ZCP ii 292.6 . ¤ísel very lowly: int āes umal imísel, Ériu iii 30 § 6. do rugais é ... a mainnser imíseal inn aendaim ┐ an esail, Études Celt. i 83.21 . Adv. secretly: rothógaibh ... uimi ... co hétrom imísiol ` stealthily ,' BS § 57 .

¤lebar

(a) very long, very tall: imlebor gl. capillo intonso, Sg. 159a6 . cóica gilla n-óc n-aigḟind n-imlebur, LL 253a24 . úathud fri eit n-imlebair (.i. for Táin Bó Cúalṅgi), LU 10358. cóirtus hinair imlibáir `an arrangement of a very long tunic,' Goid. 65.6 . ulcha immlebur fair, PH 1491. ro coraigit aigi troisdi imlebra adbulmora, CCath. 2624. earball imleabhar, AFM iv 1080.12 .

(b) mobile, supple ?: rosc imlebur ina chind, Corm. 38.5 .

¤léimnech restive: nib ocheall nib imleimneach (of a horse), RC xlviii 331.12 (= O'Curry 1863 ). ¤lethan very broad: Aeneas ... fer imlethan aideadh-dherg, BB 427a50 . Uenerius ... imlethain imaird, TTr. 1180. ar an bhfhairge imleithin, Atlantis iv 168.10 . cathbharr ... cona sronlainn imlet[h]ain iarnaidhe, CCath. 5263. ¤lobar very weak, very sick: cumachtach, ciarbo himlobhar, Rawl. B 512, fo. 70d3 (< Plummer, MS. notes). As subst. a sick person: ba slán cech imlobor tarateged int uisce, Thes. ii 315.25 . ¤lomm very bare, bleak: do mes ilarda imlum `with abundant mast without husk,' SCC 515 ( LU 3705 ). fri gáith n-imluim n-errchaide `a bare Spring wind,' MacCongl. 63.9 . mur tsighi gaithi gere ... adhuaire imluime earraithe, ZCP x 298.16 . As subst. bareness, scarcity: tessbaidh etha (.i. gorta) di Maig Cuind, sé bliadna imluim (.i. tercai), ZCP xii 236 § 56. ¤lúath, ¤lúaith very swift: in trenḟer amnas imlúaith (: cruaich) (imluath, v.l.), ITS xli 234 § 24 . atractatar luathghoetha adhuarae imluatha, CCath. 4361. na haquili imluat[h]a ilbreca, 4927 . Adv. ag argain a chéile go hathlamh iomluath, TSh. 6641.

¤nár, ¤náir

(a) (in good sense) very bashful, modest; noble: Ioseph alainn imnar, SR 3314. dond aithiusc airdairc imnair, SR 4792. inmain óclách ard imnair, IT i 79.2 . doirb annir imnair (.i. in tan fegthar in doirb is i n-ichtur ind usci thed), LU 10255 (rhetoric). a óclaig uallaig imnair, FDG 368.

(b) (in bad sense) shameful: dacūaidh ... do marbudh Eōin gerb imnar `though it was shameful,' Ériu iv 180 § 40. ar med is imnair tuismíud clann fri coibhdhelcho, BB 278a15 . ba haimlesc ┐ ba himnár leis na braithribh ... im[ḟ]orrán catha atarru féin, CCath. 2294. imnár lais a corp tretholl ... d'faicsin do neoch, Lism. L. 2962. glár budh iomnáir d'aithris, Content. xx 12.

¤nárach

(a) noble: aen mhac Ailpin imnarach ` valorous ,' Leb. Cert. 226.10 .

(b) or bet (beit, v.l.) imnaraig ar oman etarscartha etarra abashed ? Anecd. ii 55.4 .

¤níabthach (níabad, vn. of níabaid) very provocative: ní hord aicnid imnīabthaig `es ist nicht eine Ordnung von aufreizender Natur,' Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 76 § 10.

¤omnach, ¤úamnach

(a) very afraid, very timid: na herbind immomnacha gl. timidi, Sg. 62a2a . imuamnach cach cintach, Tec. Corm. § 15.18 n. rois cobair Brighitt buadach | 'arsin nir bo himuaimhnach, BNnÉ 86 § 177. Adv. nī folāir do na huilip go ro oirichlit go hairecht imomhnach imchoimhētach in slige sin watchfully , Fl. Earls 158.2 .

(b) very fearful, fear-inspiring: ragat-sa ... a n-oilithri n-imúamnaigh, ZCP xii 392.4 . ¤réid very level . As subst. level country, plain: atait ... conara cumcca ettrat ocus inn imreidh, CCath. 4764.

¤réil very famous: imréil ... cach romag cach rodindgna `illustrious ... is every famous plain,' Metr. Dinds. iii 110.3 . tri mic Agnomain imréil, ZCP xiii 158.4 . ¤remar very stout, very thick: suisti imreamar iarnaighi, CF 680. co n-urnasc imremar iarnaidi air, MR 200.1 . fidbad immard imremur, TTr. 126. cosna seolchrannaib imdlúithi imremra, 1410 . frisna xii bairgin[e] imremra némdescdai, LB 146a57 .

¤rigin

(a) very tough, very stiff (lit. and fig.): is imrighin in tuath, Trip.² 2446. corrán d'iarann imrighim ina láimh, ITS i 72.8 . róindís ... na haithesca ímrighne, ZCP xx 181.11 .

(b) very slow: óna fuairthinghealltoibh imrighne ettarbhacha `slow unprofitable promises,' AFM vi 2140.22 . Adv. ag asccnámh co hionmall imrighin, Hugh Roe 302.14 .

¤ṡlán (imṡlán and imlán became confused in Mid. Ir., as their meanings are rather similar it is not always easy to distinguish between them).

(a) as an epithet quite healthy, quite whole, quite perfect: heirg isinn ethar n-imṡlan very safe , SR 2482. inn Affraic n-uasail n-imslain, SR 2658. usce eochargorm imṡlán, Acall. 3607. tricha bo findfergga | bat imlána óiderrga, LL 299a17 . cid mor cid bec no-chaithind bat imlana iat san beos, PH 514. Applied to persons: Hestra, Osse, Ohel án | ocus Abdias imlán, SR 7454. ordned Iacoib imslain, Gorm. Dec. 27. Englec ... lendán Oengussa imláin `the darling of perfect Oengus,' Metr. Dinds. iii 40.18 . a hingen ālaind imslān, ZCP viii 268 § 39. do chum [bheith] nar nduine iomṡlan, Ephesians iv 13. Compar. gilla iss ó ┐ iss imláne and-so andae, TBC-LL¹ 5994.

(b) quite whole, safe, unscathed: a teacht fen imslan da cric, TBC-LL¹ p. 653 n. 5 . docuatar imṡlán día taig, Trip.² 166. is áil léo a ḟocra dáibsi imthecht imslán, Acall. 6108. gur leicc im[ṡ]lan uadh é `he let him away unhurt,' CCath. 6055. mar do fhuair a chalann crád | a anam narab imlán, Ériu iv 112 § 5. fāna fagháil slán iomlān damh féin arís, Feis Tighe Chonáin 718.

(c) In Law `completely exempt, secure ' (Plummer MS notes): fis edaingne ac fir in tseoit ... i[s] slan dia mbe fo naidm is imslan do in aithne, O'Curry 1252 (< H 3.18, p. 504 ). See also imlán.

¤ṡlemain very smooth: aill ard imslemain, Stair Erc. 233. ¤ṡolus very bright: gním cech cuiri fo chuimsi | condat uili imṡuilsi `so that all are illuminated,' Metr. Dinds. iii 110.8 .

¤thais

(a) very weak, very feeble: ros fúach is ras fuc fria aiss | gided ni hengnam imthaiss, TBC-LL¹ 736. nírb engnam imthaiss `'twas no weakling's feat,' Metr. Dinds. iv 78.22 .

(b) very smooth ? very moist?: lodar ... co brugh maic in Og imtais, BB 396b15 .

¤thana

(a) very thin, very slender: in néll úathmar imthana `the fearful thin cloud,' IT ii² 133.288 . rí ... na n-arm n-edrom n-imtana, BB 280b34 .

(b) very shallow: ba hí a slige ... secht thuind Uairbeóil imthana `along shallow Tond Uairbeoil,' Metr. Dinds. iii 116.86 , and Corr., ib. v 133 .

¤theimen very dark (see teimen): duibithir funchi fedil | culchi cach eóin imthemin `the cowl of each dusky bird,' Metr. Dinds. iii 256.20 . ¤thenn very strong, very firm: cathir imairdirc imthend, LL 28b16 . ar biastaib ... imdubaib imthennaib, LU 1173 (ACC). atraig Brían don tiprait thall | ic a raba in t-uath imthend, Ériu iv 102.1 n. doi reir na n-udar n-imtheand `according to sound authors,' Metr. Dinds. v 119.2 . Adv. rosícc Sinchell slán co himthend `S. cured her whole, soundly,' Metr. Dinds. iii 156.18 . atát 'san reilic bic go himtheann, SG 33.19 . ¤therc very scanty, very short: is imtherc cos ind abcain `very short is the dwarfling's leg,' ACC § 100 ( RC xx 274.15 ). dēna ingeilt ois | narbat timtheirc (v.l. imterc) tais, KMMisc. 262.1 . ¤thláith very soft: ind iall en imthlaith, SR 4066. rí roraid ... athesc n-inclithi n-imtlaith, 5678 . Enoc án imthláith, 7362 . ¤thnúthach very eager, very jealous, or fierce: a shlógh iomthnúthach Oiligh, DDána 75 § 2. rí aingidhí imthnúthach, Stair Erc. 1646. ¤thrén very strong: iarsin rongab galar gér | fri sním calad nirb' imthrén, SR 6230. a Ferguis na n-arm n-imthrén, TBC-LL¹ 3203. cóic eich áilli imthréna, Leb. Cert. 130.12 . Adv. imtrén trómthuinset, LU 8712 (FB). triur dorosern in slúag co imthrén 'coa n-imnertad, SR 5032.

¤thromm

(a) very heavy: áráit ... imtromm, FB § 37 Eg. ro gab dá asan imthroma imdluithi iarainn, CCath. 4667. confacatar na cet[h]a ana imtroma, 4953 . acc diubraccadh ... an ordanais iomthruim adhbail moir, AFM vi 2028.7 . amhail easglanna iomthroma, TSh. 1092.

(b) very troublesome, very oppressive: for greis in aesa imthruimm `under the protection of the Troublesome People' (i.e. the pagan gods), BColm. 90.5 . Of the atmosphere of a place: his tégdais ... il-brein aduair imthruim, PH 8297. munter Edlicon imthruim, Metr. Dinds. iii 276.10 . As subst.: dochuatar a n-ētromuib a n-étach ┐ a n-imthromaib a n-arm `into their ponderous armature,' Fianaig. 78.3 .

¤thrúag very wretched: do fuc Eua in n-ubull n-úag | dond abaill, ba scél n-imthrúag, SR 1286. ¤thuirsech very sorrowful: luid Laeg ... co cendtromm n-imthursech n-anfálid, TBC-LL¹ 2170. ¤úachtarach uppermost, topmost: do imthigh roimpe go baoth ... go hionadh iomuachtarach a h-anta `to the uppermost regions of its residence' (of the wind), ML 48.23 . ¤úallach very proud: ba hóglaochrad imamnus imullach imfaobrach, Anecd. ii 72.18 . ingen Echach imuallaig, LU 3064. abair ... risin ingin n-iomuallaigh, ITS v 82.12 . mád do Láegaire Búadach | tísad ág bád imuallach, LU 3557. ¤úamnach, see ¤ omnach supra. ¤úar very cold: i naidhchi ... iochtair imuair adheitig iffirn `of the lower freezing hideous hell,' BNnÉ 99.7 . do ghéubhsa ionadh imfhúar, Duan. F. i 19.37 . ar imdocraib imfuara, Ériu viii 8.11 .

(b) With nouns: ¤accobar intense desire: imacubur denma uilc gl. esuriem, Ml. 34b10 . ¤aicbéile great terribleness: itir im-aighbhéli na h-uardachta, MR 112.18 . ¤áille great beauty: an déad ag dul i mbáine | 's an aghaidh gan iomáille, DDána 27 § 5. fáistine adbert riu Dáiri | ri mac con co n-imáilli `regarding Mac Con, the comely,' Miscell. Celt. Soc. 76.2 . Fer Becrach co n-imāle (: immarāide), Ériu ii 26.26 . ¤aire great respect: nī scoirtīs cen i.¤ | rīg nā rīgdomna aca `kings and royal princes would not part from him without great respect,' RC xiii 392.23 . ¤aithrechas great repentance: co n-imaithrechus nach fógnand di, PH 8201. ¤attach earnest prayer, entreaty: i.¤ Maic ind Rig, ACL iii 317 § 51. ¤chalma, ¤cholma great bravery: ras-nert imchalma do denam, TTr. 1639. do greis a mic ... imcalma do denam, Celt. Rev. iv 10.15 . dorochair i cath Odba | la Argatmár imcholma, Todd Lect. iii 178 § 3. ¤chreachadh the act of devastating widely: trés an i.¤ do-níthí leó ar na daoinibh budh lugha ioná iad féin, TSh. 9537. ¤déine great swiftness: imthecht dóib co n-i.¤ (: féine) `to be gone with all speed,' Metr. Dinds. iii 452.40 . ¤demnigud the act of confirming: du imdemnigud á epert són `to confirm his sayings,' Ml. 89d7 . ¤druine great skill?: ri richid con-i.¤ ri febda firian fossud, | rí rigḟial 'na rigsossud, SR 566. ¤ecla great fear: cen uamun, cen i.¤ , IT i 185.3 (FA). nosgeib i.¤ móir ┐ ómon, RC x 56.8 . is coir dó i.¤ ┐ faitchius ┐ ra-imchomet, PH 4114. nī ro lēic imegla in pāpa don priōir ... gan a aithne do choimhlínadh, Fl. Earls 142.22 . an oiread soin d'uamhan ┐ d'imeagla air ré fiabhras, TSh. 7967. fer ... for nár lá nách aon imeccla ittir, AFM vi 2296.y . ¤eclugud the act of terrifying: do fhuasnad ┐ d'i.¤ na coimétaigi, PH 3380. ¤esbaid great deficiency: cen érchra cen imhesbaid, SR 988. cen forcraid cen imhesbaid, 4966 . ¤etla great affliction?: dobeir tra timmorlai ┐ immetlai menman di araile an ircraidi ┐ in gairdi bide i n-ainius isin bith frecnairc, IT ii2 107.23 . ¤étrumme great lightness, great nimbleness: nicon berat a drúcht dind fhéor ar áthi ┐ imétrummi im-tháncatar so swiftly and lightly did they travel, MU² 566. raléic cach arachéile frassa tiuga tromaidbli d'immétrommaib a n-arm ┐ d'ilchenélaib a n-imtheilcthi, TTr. 1710. ¤étrommugud the act of making lighter, easing, relieving: barróisc Cuchulaind in claidiub assa intiuch ... d'imscothad na n-arm ┐ d'immetrommugud in scéith fair, TBC-LL¹ 2956. ¤ḟochraicc great reward: a cethair cethrachat ... do immfocraiccib, Todd Lect. iii 42.13 . ¤ḟorlond overwhelming strength, great oppression: in timorlonn namat, is fiach a fátha forru, O'D. 1595 (< H 5.15, p. 9b ). in timarlonn namad, ib. 1596 . choidhche ni barricfa-si | anmforlunn (? read: ammforlunn) 'na dhiaidh, Lism. L. 4822. ¤ḟormat great jealousy: ro linustair idu eóid ocus imformmuit Ailill, IT i 121.15 . rommiscnigsetar fo smacht | a brathir tria imformat, SR 3128. ra gab ét ... ┐ immḟarmat Dubthach Dael Ulad imma mnái, TBC-LL¹ 2749. ro-bhoí éd ocus imformad occ macaibh Moingfinde fri Niall iomon ríghe, ZCP xiv 214.5 . na denaidh adrad idal na edach na imformod, YBL 68b51 (= 294a22 ). ionnsaighis áth an chomhraig | Fear Diadh go ndlús iomfhormaid, DDána 104 § 22. ¤gábud great danger, great fright? iarsain asraracht Adom | assa ṡuan cen imgabud, SR 1066. fota ataid in-imgábud, 3630 . Ulaidh i n-imgabadh gan nech aga n-imgainiudh, TBC-LL¹ p. 250 n. 3 . atágur a imgábud | il-ló brátha búain `I dread great danger from it,' Ériu iii 14 § 1. ré mét in imgábaid a raibi, Fianaig. 82.23 . fa mór a hegla ┐ a himghābud arna slúagaib `great was the fear and fright (caused by the boar) upon the hosts,' 64.34 . dethach a cind iar crabudh | dorad demhna a n-imgabudh, BCC 356.32 . ¤gére great sharpness: co tescfad finna i naigid srotha ar āthi ┐ ailtnidecht ┐ imgēri, TBC-I¹ 1919. ¤ísle great lowness, poor position: gur adhnair les a imisle ro bui sé isin comlunn, Stair Erc. 1134. ¤lainne great keenness: mét inná i.¤ robói dosom im dia (gl. sitivit anima) `the strong craving that he had after God,' Ml. 62a2 . ¤lén great sorrow: Eua féssin cen imlén, SR 2138. dolluid Saul iar sét sen | sé cet míli, cen imlén, 5570 . ¤lot great destruction: co tuccad in diach ┐ inn imlot bad laind le fein fortha, CCath. 4017. ¤lúas great swiftness: ba he tricci ┐ imluas inn imdiubraict[h]i leo, CCath. 5659. ¤náire great shamefacedness, great bashfulness: rogab tra imnári essium co rofhemid in salm ranic dó do gabail `bashfulness seized him,' Three Hom. 102.16 . ni bí nach n-imnáire dóib cid lomnochta beti, RC xxv 244 § 18. doberat a coibsena cen imnāire dia sacartaibh, Anecd. iii 8.7 . o thucsatt a llama chuccu do'n méis ar imnari, PH 5136. rogab athrechus ┐ imnare imma iarraid eter, BB 237a32 . re h-imnaire an chairighthi thuc Cormac fair, RC xliii 80 § 82. ica imcainedh féin comor ar imnaire na hainicne, D IV 2, 73ra16 . ¤omon ¤úamon great fear, dread: ara n-imomon imchissin húath, BDD² 1264. rus-gab ecla ┐ iomomon mor iad risna dainib ingantacha, RC xxvi 160 § 46 . ar iomomhon feirgi a hathar, TFrag. 30.9 . āl cach n-imoman `every terror is fearful,' ZCP xvii 65 § 51. tainic soc[h]t ocus imuamon aiccenta ┐ cumsccughadh menman do, CCath. 5471. do chur uathbhais ┐ iomomhain ar lucht an bhaile, AFM v 1486.13 . reverence, godly fear: comadas lobre et i.¤ forsin mug céin ṁbíis oc fognam dia choimdid, Wb. 8b1 . as firén foirbhthe in fer forsa mbi ecla ┐ imuamon an Coimded, Lism. L. 3306. ¤rígne great stiffness, slowness, hesitation: nusincrech-som fora emilte leis ┐ fora imrígne leis bói icon ḟuigell, PH 4132. ¤ṡláine great perfection?: a samhuil d'oige is d'áillnne | do gniomh d'eagna is d'iomṡláine, 23 F 16, p. 129.19 . ¤ṡláinte complete health: meni thíset uli i n-imṡlánti, TBC-LL¹ 197. boi sailechtu aice sium imslanti d'ḟadbail dia ndernta a leges, LB 143a21 . ised rainic in imslanti leis co tir, BB 445b52 . ¤sláintius perfect health: nodas-forbiledh ar as ┐ ar aitidh ┐ imlaintius, ZCP xix 118 z . ¤ṡlánud the act of making quite healthy: nicon cotluim for colcaid | gē bethear com imslānud `though one were at making me healthy,' K. and H. § 2. ¤ṡlóg great host: ? g s. used adjectively: ro bui comdhail imsloigh for ur in cuain sin `there was a very numerous gathering at that harbour,' Stair Erc. 379. ¤thesbaid great defect, great error: cen forcraid cen imthesbaid, SR 4424. aisneided Arón fo leith | do Moisi cen imthesbaid, 4610 . ¤thréine great strength, firm grasp: as amhlaidh do bhádar agas gach fear dhíobh a gcrioslach a sgiath agas a n-imthréine a n-arm `in the grasp of their arms,' ML 124.20 . ¤thrumma great heaviness: dochúatar a n-etromuib a n-étach ┐ a n-imthromaib a n-arm `they advanced in their light dresses and in their ponderous armature,' Fianaig. 78.3 . a n-aimsir a himtruma `in the time of her pregnancy,' Lism. L. 2511. ¤úabar great pride: iné imuabor immarordus, LL 120a3 . ¤úachtar the very top: atá an cairthe sin ... is í tollta 'na hiomuachtar, Keat. ii 6297. ¤úathad loneliness: luidset laithe for Lúachair | ciarbo thaithbe imúathaid `though it was an infringement of utter seclusion,' Metr. Dinds. iii 246.74 .

(c) With verbs derived from the corresponding noun or adj.: ¤eclaigid fears greatly, becomes greatly afraid: ro imeclaigset a n-epiltin manid chuired Patraic hé i nn-iffernn, Trip.² 1017. ro imeclaigsitar na genti do sein, 486 . duine imeclaiges bás, PH 3821. no-imeclaiged Solam co mor in coimdid, 4129 . do bidg ┐ do imeclaig an macamh go mór les sin, BCC 48.29 . imeagluidh-si an Tighearna `fear the Lord,' Proverbs xxiv 21. ¤glanaid purifies, clears?: fiac nad imglanad .i. fri foglaithe, O'Curry 507 (< H 3.18, p. 258 ). ? to this: cach dia eol imglan rota .i. docom ar neoil fen duin it imglan rota .i. docom ar neoil fen duin it imglan na rota, 623 ( H 3.18, p. 301 ). ¤omnaigid becomes greatly afraid: bidhgais ┐ imomhnaighis ┐ ru-s-lēic a ráon madhma, Fl. Earls 232.2 .

lén

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lén or dil.ie/29889

Forms: liuin, leoin, león, -liuna, len

n o, m. (? orig. n., see n pl. below) g s. liuin(?), Fianaig. 10 § 4. ZCP x 295.31 . leoin, Lism. L. 3206. d s. león, TBC-LL¹ 4939. ? n pl. -liuna, Ériu viii 173.30 . g pl. len, BCrólige 61 . IGT Decl. § 61.

(a) defeat, hurt, injury, misfortune, sorrow : ar srengail nAileollo asin chath mad fair no maidset nō ar guin Conchobair mad fair bad lēn, TBC-I¹ 3540 (= róen, TBC-LL¹ 5880 ). nocho rabadais lá liúin, LL 6861 (cf. lá madma, 6857 ). l.¤ catha, Acall. 4964 . uathmhar magh a mbia léan, Études Celt. iv 123.2 . trí ata mesa do ḟlaith: l.¤, brath, míairle defeat(?), Triads 243 (`sloth'). imonrōiraid, bāg ma liūin, / totim la hóga aniūil fight of my defeat(?), Fianaig. 10 § 4 (leg. immonróirad, ed.). bruig Banba fo l.¤ / ni scél crotha caín, LU 9881 . domrigne losc l.¤ , LL 18583 ( PRIA xix 548 § 26 ). cuibiur Glindi Ridi . . . / on gaeith acher dogeip len, RC xi 131.50 . noco torchair Cormac cas / gan len ar a aireachus `with his sovereignty unimpaired', ZCP xi 42 § 23. ar do ḟlaith cen lēn (to God), ACL iii 232 § 7 . is mairg aṅces a bidbaid / inn inbaid do chora i ll.¤ when he is defeated, LL 18456 ( PRIA xix 544 § 19 ). mo chomergi-sea assin león ┐ assin chess i rraba, TBC-LL¹ 4939 . atchiu ár ar Eoganchaib / atchiu l.¤ ar Aidnechaib, SG 373.23 . cēn gair cech fān imthéit lēn `sooner or later every wandering comes to grief', Ériu ix 48 § 23 (tr. s.v. fán). bad (= bat) frialmach debtha . . . arna tormastar fort iliuna len lighe so that the many sufferings of the sickbed may not be added to you(?) (reading tormasatar . . . il-liuna lēn-lighe), viii 173.30 (cf. phr. lige líuin below). les-ainm lenus .i. inní is len no is lista leis do radha ris `grievous', Laws v 230.3 Comm . Cf. i 192.1 Comm . is fír ég Í Eidirsceoil, / l.¤ na gcrich d'a chomhatmáil, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 328.13 . cen len cen erchra forru, PH 4126 . feasach mé ar bhás Uí Dhuibhne / ní doilghe liom léan oile, Oss. iii 296.10 . cen labra len, Lism. L. 2137 (: scēl). an léan fhuair gé do fhidir though He knew the grief she had suffered, DDána 69.11 . a chros ós chionn na leirge, / tuar leoin dar lucht aoincheirde, 65.10 . Cf. 8.8 . rí . . . / nar airigh léan budh léan dó, PBocht 16.9 . creach ar chreich an t-ég-sin Airt / l.¤ ar l.¤ , L. Cl. A. B. 257.138 . a n-uabhar súd, a rúin, na hagair / ní 'sa mhó ar na leointibh laga, Ó Bruad. i 46 xliv . Attrib. g s. ? a .h. chuind a charbat leanaim leoin acuing etc. injury-inflicting (?), IT iii 85 § 78. oglaich liuin ┐ laich leadartha, MR 288.11 . In phr. lige lén (líuin, léoin) sick-bed, state of being injured or ill : ina otharli(u)g[i]u len `on his sick-bed of pain', BCrólige 61 . ? Cf. liun no len .i. toiscidh lesugtha no leptha ut est na bī meirg miliun (miliuin, v.l.) .i. mitoiscid no milesaighthi no mileptha no milen ┐ faill, O'Dav. 1150 . toirberis maolduirne meince fair . . . ┐ do fagaibh 'na luighi liuin ar lár an atha é, ZCP x 295.31 . ō domrala i llige leōin, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1918, 371 § 1 . na roscurthea int ech . . . / noco lessed lige líuin `till he should lie down forwearied', Metr. Dinds. iv 66.107 . isin luighe liúinn ┐ lanesláinte, Ériu v 88.37 . Cf. viii 173.30 cited above.

In later lang. in phrases expressing grief, dismay: mo léun tu, a Oisín, uaim! alas that I have lost thee, Oss. iv 246.8 . buain na craoibhe, mo lá leóin, Studies 1926, 77 § 2 . mo léan-sa . . . / saobhadh do chéadfaidh, Keat. Poems 557. mo léan nach faicim a shamhailt, 1469 . mo lá léin-se, a Éire . . . / an chréim seo . . . do thárla leat, Hackett xv 1 . tug gan treóir mílidhe is mná / lá leóin ar tírine thú thy loss is our land's calamity, IGT Decl. ex. 1322.

(b) idleness, sloth, inertia (?): féil fir nád char corplén, Fél. June 22 . anmchara ac forcetal scēl, / senchaid lessaiges cen lēn, ACL iii 223.22 . celebram is cuimrigem / cen lobra, cen lēn, 314 § 22. hi teirt roguidset cen l.¤ / na tri mec ┐ Danhél, KMMisc. 148.9 . is ed dlegar don aos gaoth / . . . / . . . airnaighthe nād lēn / ┐ forcedal fann trēn, ZCP vii 298.2 .

(c) Of persons one who is unable to defend himself (or his interests) because of his youth, debility, etc.: nī lūad nach liūin `it is not the praise of any weakling', Misc. Hib. 43 (: Briūin). nochon ḟuilgitis na liūin / buille Fergusa fortriūin, ZCP viii 217 § 9 (cf. meicc beca, § 8 ). In legal context infant, minor : ni haclaidh selb tuinidhi liuin na labra na ainbfis, O'Curry 2470 ( Eg. 88, 38a ) .i. nocha tabair aclaidh ar in liuntach, arin mac bec, O'Curry 428 ( H 3.18, 233a ). Note also: cóic ingena ind láich, nár liúin `of the hero, who was no sluggard', Metr. Dinds. iii 88.17 . mo dhá dhaltán níorsad liúin, Content. i 1 . nirb obair liúin ro-dus-clái `no idle man's work', Metr. Dinds. iii 122.42 .

The follg. exx. could be referred to either (a) or (b): Cormac cen l.¤ , LU 4173 (`free from sorrow', Metr. Dinds. ii 14.57 ). tosach lubra l.¤ , Anecd. iii 16.18 . ferr lēn lubra, 20.2 . cid canat tonna, toirm trén, / cen nach l.¤ (cheville), SR 7898.

Compds. ¤alt: loingsigh co len-alt (: mēlacht) `sorry plight', Misc. Hag. Hib. 28.16 . ¤lige sick-bed, see Ériu viii 173.30 cited above.

1 nocht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 nocht or dil.ie/33221
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: nocht, anocht

n night ; an early word, supplanted in general use by adaig and surviving only in the advbl. phrase i n-nocht tonight , later anocht. nocht .i. aidche, O'Dav. 1285. ?nácht dia, gl. nocte et die, Wb. 17d5 (by Ascoli referred doubtfully to this word). acher in gaíth innocht, Thes. ii 290.4 ( Sg. 112 m. ). ib. 291.3 ( Ml. Poems i 1 ). ad-condarcc ind nocht Mairi I saw this night (i.e. the night which is now over) Mary, Bethu Brigte 3 § 11 . toet chucum a ben hinnocht, IT i 145.8 . feraid for n-aigidacht innocht and, FB 66 = anocht, Eg. geinfidh do rí . . . inocht, Lism. L. 3345 . bid marb tussa anocht, PH 299. isin aidche anocht, 3003 . san oidhche anocht, TSh. 539. anochd féin this very night, Luke xii 20 . With ellipse of prep. (after a preceding vowel in verse): secht ṁbliadna lána o nocht from to-night, TFerbe 787 . rit ita ár súil uli nocht `on thee is all our hope to-night', Cog. 120.28 (leg. rit ita ár súil innocht?).

Compds. ¤adaig: gach nochtai[d]chi sceo dee every night and day, O'Dav. 1285. ¤colba night-bedpost i.e. bed, couch: ní ranaic nochtcholba nemda the heavenly rest, ZCP xiii 363.4 = Leb. Gab.(i) i 174.15 .