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1 árach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 árach or dil.ie/3926

 

Forms: arag, airge

n o, n. n p. arag, Laws i 260.15 . airge, Cóic Con. 15 § 2 (see GOI § 280 ). Later m. Vn. of ad-rig, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 592 .

(a) act of binding, tying; bond, fetter: res in coin na fetar d'arach, Laws iii 416.16 Comm. cibe inad . . . i nderna fer araigh arach `wherever the man who ties [the cow] performs the tying', 228.13 Comm. fot in araig, 412.21 Comm. airge con anaithne, O'Curry 2510 ( Eg. 88 41b ) = erge con, Laws iii 416.6 - 11 (see eirge). būrach .i. bō ┐ ārach, Corm. Y 131 (cf. bárach). a druith na halla / sen araigh corra / croma cama fodchossaigh bindings, shoes(?), IT iii 99.1 . cú áraig `a chained hound', Triads 168 . loman áraig leash , see loman and cf. cona.¤ dog-chain, leash , TBC-LL¹ 1003 .

(b) act of binding, guaranteeing (a contract or other legal obligation or transaction); bond, guarantee: ailid cac otrus a arag hi coraib bel `every sick-maintenance entails its binding (i.e. must be secured) by contracts', BCrólige 55 . a harach: arach fir fri firgilli the binding of evidence takes place with proper pledges (Thurn.), Cóic Con. 17 § 4 . issed coir cach troiscthe . . . arach for soraith nad elai `the security of a good surety who would not evade', Laws i 118.6 . faill . . . do feichemnaib lecud a naraig do derna dar a cenn `breaking their bond', Laws iii 512.1 ( O'Dav. 169 ). mad tuc arach re airisemh uirre, O'D. 538 (H 3.17, c. 433) `if he gave surety to abide by the decision', Plummer MS notes. gell ria narach geall iar narach, O'Curry 2719 ( Eg. 88, 61(62)a ). breth gin dilsi gin arach, 2290 ( Eg. 88, 21(22)d ). inann a nepert ┐ a ná.¤ , 535 (H 3.18, 265b) `their word is as good as their bond', Plummer MS. notes. ? dul do chennach gin airrchi, Ériu xiii 62 § 7 ( Triads § 74 ) (cf. airrach). If certain relatives of a dead man have all pre-deceased him then the person who inherits his `díbad' is: in fear uasal a.¤ in geilfine, O'D. 740 (H 3.17, c. 538).

In literary texts: dogen-sa aní . . . acht nar milter úaib-si a n-arach on condition that the pledge be not violated by you, LU 5849 (TBC). ní géb-sa gan á.¤ / dáig nim láech gan lámach I will not undertake it without security, TBC-LL¹ 3044 . tan nad rabe naidm nó á.¤ nó aitire acht fiadnaissi namma, LL 4996 . do tarlaic dar ārach uad `in violation of a bond', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20.3 . gan urradha gan á.¤ , AFM vi 1988.16 . ro naidhm árách (sic) ┐ rátha fair, 2046.18 . fonaiscis fair araige, ZCP iii 247.6 . ocht dtrátha ar atach á.¤ / [. . .] na n-ocht ndubhálach `to implore safeguards', Dán Dé xxiv 2 . fagaibh-si Teamhraig . . . re bliadain . . . dóigh tarrus á.¤ orum-sa uime sin `I have pledged myself to this', Ériu iii 154 § 8 . is andsin tarroidh Meadhbh modh n-aroidh ar Fer nDiag um an comhrag do dhénamh, ZCP x 278.8 = ra siacht M. máeth n-áraig bar F., TBC-LL¹ 3163 . táirthis baéth n-araig fair, RC xiii 106.8 ( LL 306b15 ) (see maeth).

(c) favourable opportunity, advantage, opening (frequ. with for (ar) of dat. incommodi): ōtconncatar dā mac Sgōrāin . . . á.¤ comlainn uirri `a chance of fighting against it', Fianaig. 64.19 . iarras do námhaid á.¤ ort seeks an opportunity against thee, TSh. 7762 . iarrais a.¤ ar an rígh gur marbhadh leis é `sought an opportunity and killed the king', Keat. ii 660 . mná i n-iodhnaibh . . . / gan á.¤ ar sgur dá mbrón, Measgra D. 5.34 . do-chuaid d'iarraidh áraigh air to get a chance to reform him(?) (Monica and Augustine), DDána 59.10 . á.¤ na humhlachta d'iarraidh to seek an opportunity to practise humility(?), TSh. 185 . fo-gaib (gaibid) á.¤ for (ar): ní faghthar, ní fríoth, á.¤ / orra fa Art Chaomhánach no chance was found to attack them under Art, DDána 100.24 . fuaradar Fionnlochlonnaigh . . . á.¤ ar bheith ag aithmhilleadh Éireann, Keat. iii 2911 . á.¤ ní fhaghaim ar shuan, Measgra D. 5.45 . nir gabadh á.¤ oruinn osin alé, ZCP i 131.24 .

Note further: in uair na raibhe á.¤ acut fén ort `when you had no power over yourself', PH 7391 . gidh nach bhfuil arach air though there is no help for it, Fen. 69 n.7 . ríodhamhna saor somholta / ar nach bhfuil neart nō á.¤ , O'R. Poems 1090 . an uair is mó bhíd i n-á.¤ a n-ilchleas rely on, TSh. 528 . conid he arach a raíníg . . . a cor a tenid ┐ a losgadh plan, BB 417a16 .

See also árad.

argat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. argat or dil.ie/4140

 

Forms: argad, airgead, argad

n o, n. Later m. argad, airgead m., IGT Decl. § 11 . argad: slabhradh, IGT Decl. ex. 471 . : damnadh, PBocht 7.24 (see note).

(a) the metal silver: a n-a.¤ nglan, Ml. 31d10 . amal slaidred ṅargait gl. reprobum argentum, 85b7 . arged ab argento , Corm. Y 18 . gasne arggait (of a person), Thes. ii 295.15 . in sét argait, 345.1 (Hy. v) = arggait, 346.4 . ríthæ in tech sin . . . ar chumil n-arggit, 240.2 (Ardm.). cumal do or ┐ a.¤ , Ériu xvi 37 § 3 . gell . . . di arggut, Críth G. 283 . a.¤ n-án n-oigthiagerna (arget (arcat) n-ard v.l.), Anecd. ii 58.12 . ra mbiad arcat ┐ ór, LU 3318 ( SCC 11 ). ór nó airccet, Trip.² 1120 . míleach argit, BDD² 673 . cassán gelairgit isin brot, LU 6295 (TBC). tricha escra do airgiut oengil Espáne, TFerbe 404 . loc i mbi mein airgit, Laws i 170.17 Comm. conn-esnaduib oir ┐ arccuid, IT iii 238.107 . arget ar crannaib, LL 13869 . a lámha d'airgead (of an image), TSh. 56 . a.¤ beó quicksilver: detach in airgit beó, Rosa Angl. 258.6 . Cf. airgat.

(b) As object of value, currency etc. (cf. airgeint): cia duberat a.¤ daitsiu nulla argenti . . . permotatione , Ml. 73d12 . du fuillem argait gl. ad usuram, 36a24 . cim .i. arget ┐ don argat dobeirt[h]i i cís d'Fomorib atroille ainmniugud, Corm. Y 304 . cimb .i. airget, O'Dav. 354 . cerb .i. argad, Corm. Y 381 . unga arcait for fer imthéit co n-eri, Ériu ii 204 § 23 . ni nais uma na hairgead na hor, Laws iv 36.1 . triar brathar dia tart a n-athair tini argaít, Irish Texts i 17 § 50 . sena.¤ fil acut , LL 361 marg. sup. d'athchuinnge airgeit, ZCP viii 201 § 12 . d'iarraidh airgid, DDána 13.3 . airgead croise caoile nó salfás, L. Cl. A. B. 42.18 .

Of money: monad nua . . . do denam ind Erinn ┐ trecad in arcit do bi inte air-sin, Ann. Conn. 1252.2 . argiod fállsa counterfeit money, Párl. na mB. 3907 . drochairgiod, 1862 .

(c) Of special types of silver: lan ind [ḟ]innfaidhig Patraicc do argut gil o cheniul E. do Patraicc `the full of Patrick's F. (name of a bell) of white silver', AU i 464.z . Cf. tri lan cluicc na rig d'ofrail arcit, Ann. Conn. 1244.5 . cuit in cét fir . . . ungi dargut gil, Cog. 94.6 . tri ficit uinge d'airget ghil, AFM ii 818.4 . LL 312a9 ff. mentions three grades: arggat bruthi (refined), argget mar bess (average) and arggat.

Compds. Mainly in nn.pr. and nn. loc. -án: macc Airgetáin, Trip. ii 514.2 (perh. deriv.). ¤-bran: fid nallabrach ┐ arggatbrain, Thes. ii 293.1 . ¤-dán, see Loth, Rev. des Études Anciennes xxi 263 - 270 . ¤-ibar: mac Argatibair, LL 312a55 . ¤-lám: Nuodai Aircetlaum, RC xii 100 § 133 . Núadha Airgettlamh, Leb. Gab.(i) 148.y . la Nuadat n-argetlaim, LL 981 (cf. airgetlam). ¤-már: Argatmár, LL 2508 . Sīrlām mac Argatmāir, ZCP viii 303.6 . ¤-nia: admuiniur m'argetnia I invoke my silver champion, Misc. Hib. 19 § 2 . ? ¤-ṡrón: tri meic Argatroin, LU 7623 . ¤-glenn: i n-Argatglind, ZCP iii 42 § 8 . ¤-nél: isin maig tess Arggatnéul, Imr. Brain 8 . ¤-ros: Argetros, LL 2287 .

ball

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ball or dil.ie/5299
Last Revised: 2019

 

n o, m. (see ZCP xxiii 300 , LEIA B-12 , Études Celt. xxvii 187-88 ). Treated as n. in: cach ṁb.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 5950.

(a) limb, member, organ (used of any portion of the body): is b.¤ di crist in fer, Wb. 22c9 . hore adi[b] boill crist, b10 . báll, Wb. 12 a 18 . tria huili baullo ┐ gnímo, Thes. ii 252.16 (Stowe M.). in gét a bullu ar crist . . . ? Wb. 9d4 . far nuili baullu gl. membra uestra, 3b26 . 12b12 . tre thesbaid naich baill, Sg. 5a5 . cach súg bís isnaib ballaib gl. sucum membrorum, Ml. 44d8 . innam (inna, MS.) b.¤ tuisten gl. locorum genitalium, 58b2 . clam dia tuititis a baild, Vita Br. 25. fo comdecsain in boill in roclannadh in crécht, Bretha 30 n. 5 . issé b.¤ fo a taet imdergæ (the face), O'Mulc. 403. is b.¤ cēta-geinit[h]er (the head), 217 . cach b.¤ de, LU 5014 (TBC). cor bo b.¤ da ballaib a mac, TBC-LL¹ 2931. iar mballaibh limb by limb, BB 365bz . ni boi b.¤ de cen pian fo leith acht a thenga nama, PH 2871. ní fhaca aon ball de gan éideadh acht a shúile ┐ a chosa, Ériu i 88 § 35. le comailt na mb.¤ foirimillach `the extremities', O'Gr. Cat. 193.32. na mb. oilemhnach `of the organs of nutrition', 206.22 . Reg. San. 30.15 . ona ballaibh ainmidhi . . ona ballaibh spirutalta `the animal parts . . . the spiritual parts', 8 , 11 . teid dindsaige … na mball spirudalda `goes to … the organs of respiration´ Ériu x 146 § 2 . boill Dé . . . do thabhairt to swear by God's limbs, Donlevy 74.5 . baill do dénam di to dismember: dogentar boill dítt, Fier. 116 . boill bheacca do denamh da corp, AFM iv 658.z. Of male and female genitalia : b.¤ ferda membrum virile. labrum anois mar is coir in ball bannda d'fairsingiugad i n-aimsir na nidhan, Irish Texts v 36 § 19 . osa minca ghallraighter iad o chuis na geineamhna ┐ co lanmor gallraighter iad timcheall na mball nadurdha, Irish Texts v 12.23 (of women). See ferda . Cf. do b.¤ feili pudendum tuum , YBL 208ax . coro benta do láim dona trí ballaib filet acut da ndeine do chlaind, RC xiii 66 § 64. ? Fiachra Cassán . . . / da biach bar baill bróe atróe, LL 6075.

(b) Fig. member of community (cf. mem(m)ar, 1 cenn): o thair in b.¤ eineclunn . . . a dualgus in cind `the follower', Laws i 62.23 Comm. ; glossing memmar, iv 196.23 , v 360.1 . a crochad do ballaib diabuil .i. do Iúdaidib, PH 4870. boill don aoinEaglais, Desid. 4074. arna cennaib, ┐ ar na ballaibh, RSClára 29b . ? gidh eadh níor theith, níor thuill guth / go breith gach bhoill don Bharrach, DDána 87.8 `but won the approval of every side (?)', Ir. Monthly 1928, 549 .

(c) Of inanimate objects part, portion, piece; article, object: im ocht mbullu arafognat muillond `eight parts', Laws i 124.17 . go ffuil ina b.¤ coimesa token, testimony, ZCP x 20 v.l. (go ffuil sin ar cuimhne, text). do bud b.¤ cruaidh coimessa, Irish Texts ii 11 § 10. ballorb .i. ball do forbau na filideachta aicce, Auraic. 1305. b.¤ éigin dom ealadhain `a small example of my art', Aithd. D. 40.21 . b.¤ oibri, IGT Decl. ex. 54. re cois gach boill don leine, Stair Erc. 2513. b.¤ óirnéisi = instrument, Isaiah liv 16. b., dadum . . . `an atom, point, spot ', Eg. Gl. 80. In abstract sense, quality, faculty: cía bald ba dech dó nógébad di cleircecht `which attribute of the clerical character', Mon. Tall. 158.30 (§ 76) . ? ball einigh, Magauran 4381 (`a point of generosity'). Gramm. of part of a verb: fríssin bréthir as sum no fria baullu, Thes. ii 228.36 ( PCr. 61b2 ). sum coná ballib, Sg. 193b8 . cia b.¤ in brethir?, Auraic. 322.

(d) place, spot; of a book, passage: an b.¤ na ted sé a ferann na fine where, in the event that, O'Curry 2233 ( Eg. 88, 17a ). ní cuala me an oiread sin do ghuithibh daoine ar aonbh. riamh, CF Eg. 150. a ngach uile bh.¤ (= in every place), Proverbs xv 3. ag míniughadh an bhoill úd 'san tsean-reacht, Eochairsg. 10.30 . contrardha dhó féin a niomad do bhallaibh (of a heretic), Ó Héodhusa 34.11 .

ar (an m)b.¤ immediately, forthwith, at once: ar b.¤ d'eís an t-anam da fhagbhail, Rule of Tallaght § 29. táinig an cléireach ar b.¤ , Oss. iii 278.11 . mo chur ar an mb.¤ go hifrionn, Desid. 1168. air b.¤ (= straightway ), Proverbs vii 22. air a mb.¤ , Donlevy 186.26 . duine bhreathnuigheas a ghnúis a sgáthan . . . ┐ dhearmadas air b.¤ a chruth féin, 220.18 .

(e) spot, mark, blemish: Echu Ballderg . . . co rabai in b.¤ sin inna churp do chomurthu ind ḟerta, Trip.² 2419 - 20 . do ballaib bithchorcra co ndeirgi fola laíg, BDD² 37. ní fuil / b.¤ ar an flaith romferguigh, Ériu iv 220 § 28. madh glan an corp don taoibh thall / b.¤ ar a chaoin níor locht liom, Dán Dé xxvii 31 . do bhídis na baill chorcra / ortha d'éis gach ionnalta, A. Ó Dálaigh li 18. tí nó b.¤ dearg ar a láimh, Keat. ii 2265. ? sreath do chaolach bhán go a barr / clár ball gcraobhach ós a cionn, DDána 119.28 (from a description of a castle).

Compds. With adjj.: a bé barrbude balbán (read ballb., n.) white-limbed , TFerbe 798 . ba bradanaib becca ballbreca speckled , TTebe 3520 . bradán ballc[h]orcra, ML² 498. Eochaid Scandail .i. ballderg red-spotted , LL 322e36 . Colman Baldub, 366g29 . in ballgel Baluíne, Fél. Oct. 4. Bran Berba ballglaine `fleckenreinen', Bruchst. 8 § 9. in ballglandu, . . . / Moire Magdallda fair-limbed, ZCP x 46.21 . tond ban ballglass bright-flecked , Anecd. i 54 § 30. ben bán ballmass, 69 § 163 .

With nouns: calmach um nach faghar fuacht / a bhalbhruth gan bladhadh mbharc (sic) `the fire from his limbs', Magauran 1660 . ag flaith ballDaile of the speckled Dail (a river), DDána 83.11 .

With vnn.: an talamh ar baill-chrioth ┐ bioth-luasgadh, TSh. 1039. gan a mballghabháil ní bhíd `they put forth ever fresh growths', Magauran 340 (`branching', note).

In compd. serc-ball, see serc compds. Cf. phr. ball seirce (in oral tradition), ITS xlviii Introd. xxvii.

cáttu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáttu or dil.ie/8395
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cátaid, cattaid, cátai

n t, m. (cáid). n s. cátaid, Aen. 812 . With f. adj. a s. cattaid moir, PH 691 . cátai móir, RC xxv 28 n.13 (see O'Brien, Celtica ii 346 ). dignity, honour, esteem; value ; sanctity (?): cataidh .i. eneaclann no uaisle, O'Cl. ro bámarni . . . co cátaid acut (Emir to Cú Chulainn), LU 3917 ( SCC 43 ). fobithin in chatudh robui forsint sabbait `on account of the honour paid to the sabbath', Mon. Tall. 156.15 . co cátu ríg `with due respect for a king', Tec. Corm. 2.20 . lat chátaid it chrí chena `with honour from thee', Metr. Dinds. iii 178.151 . glōir is cāta is caondūthracht / . . . / do Rīg nime `glory and honour', Ériu iv 120.5 . ar do cátaidh ag Dia dil / na faccaibh do mhallachtain, Anecd. ii 37 § 4 . michata cuirp, catu do anmain, Hib. Min. 41.25 . dober cátuidh da gach cloind `nobility', Fen. 240.w . gu cataidh (-igh, MS) ┐ gu n-ordan, Lism. L. 1765 . for cech noen mórfas cadus ┐ cháttaid (sic leg. for cháthaid) na hedpartu `respect and veneration for this grant', Misc. Arch. Soc. 132.4 . ro hadhnacht . . . go n-onóir, ┐ cátaidh (of nobleman), AFM iii 102.13 . cró cadat ┐ caradraidh `a covenant of honour and friendship', RC xxix 138 § 58 .

Legal: [inti] is mo cata dignity , Laws ii 280.15 Comm. ara cata[i]d, na [a] saoire, 18.15 Comm. a tesband de foltaib caich, tesbaid dia cataid, v 70.9 .i. . . . a leth eneclann uadh ar a scath, 13 Comm. ? cátaidh gach fis. Ériu xiii 52.2 = cataig caich `dignities of everyone', O'Dav. 347 . in brethem . . . a catadh . . . fo cataigh rig lais imbi i comriar, O'Curry 276 ( H 3.18, 151 ). i n-airechus ┐ foirbiata ┐ cattu, 833 ( 381 ). duine saer i n-a cataid coir ar secht cumalaib ┐ a n-a micataid ar cumail with his full legal standing(?), Laws v 392.20 Comm. bo ina cataid coir ar uingi, O'Curry 2306 ( Eg. 88, 23 (24)a ). oland in-a cataid coir `proper value', Laws v 80.25 Comm. ? To this: immarcraid catat uil aran olainn 'over-valuation (?) of the wool' Bretha 30 § 13.11 .

2 co

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 co or dil.ie/9787

 

Forms: cu, ca, go, cosind, cossin, cusan, cus-in, cosnaib, gusna, com, cut, cot, cona, cua, co, co, conar, cono, conu, cona, condaib

prep., nasalizing, with dat. See GOI 274 , 503 . Perh. in complementary distribution with la, 495 . Also cu ( Ml. 94b11 , PH 132 ). ca, ZCP xi 109 § 16 . In later lang. go ( gu, i 408.2 ). With len. ch- (see GOI 111 ), Wb. 13a26 , Ml. 35d17 . With art. cosind, 133a4 ; cossin, TBC-I¹ 454 ; cusan, Anecd. i 4.21 ( SCano 106 ); cus-in, PH 1412 . cosnaib, Ml. 37a10 ; gusna, Ériu v 20.7 . With poss. com, Fél. Ep. 52 , TBFr. 364 . cut, Wb. 10a29 , cot, Blathm. 230 . In 3 pers. cona passim (later gona, Ériu i 24.135 etc.). Perh. also in: cua rǽr, Ml. 100b16 (oc ?), co rigid with his arm, TBC-I¹ 424 (cá, LU), co a ndibad, Laws iv 44.16 Comm. (1 co ?). With rel. Part. an talamh go n-a dtig de, DDána 37.30 . conar mhair, Stair Erc. 1182 . Rare with pron. suff.: 3 s. m. cono, BCrólige 39 . neut. conu, ZCP viii 310.24 . ?cona as well, Todd Nenn. 144. 152 . 3 pl. condaib, Auraic. 954 . Occas. with accus.: co llín n-ingen, LU 8714 ( FB 53 ). co . . . noemu, PH 3941 etc. go ndícheall ndofhaisnéise, TSh. 1852 . See Magauran 1010 n.

With , most freq. with words indicating accompaniment, attendant circumstances, etc., less freq. of instrument. In uses 2 and 3 somet. with additional preposition limiting the meaning.

1 Glossing Lat. cum: cosin taidbse il gl. cum multa ostensione, Ml. 30b11 . Wb. 28c19 , 30a26 ; Tur. 127 ; Ml. 23a13 , 26d10 , Sg. 39a2 . Note also: conoén guth gl. ex eadem uoce, Sg. 203b12 .

2 With nouns indicating persons (together) with, accompanied by, and ; massu cut séitchi ro cretis, Wb. 10a29 . Saul cona muntair, Ml. 30a3 . 26a8 . 34a22 . 55c1 . as tu cot mac, Blathm. 230 . co maccaib flaithi fer nÉrenn impu, BDD² 205. 469 . C. . . . cona tri nonbaraib, RC vi 174.9 . co-m brathrib, PH 1072 .

3 With nouns indicating objects with, having, carrying, etc.: na tri druide co ndanoibh `bearing gifts', Blathm. 12 . dobert C. for a bois cona luingin `together with his boat', RC vi 183.5 . ó B. . . . / co cétaib cúan, Ériu iv 152.25 . With additional prep.: sengobi cona indeuin fora muin, Mon. Tall. 184.4 . .lll. ngabar ... cona trí coectaib srían . . . friu, BDD² 466 . fer . . . co n-oenṡúil lais, 1351 . gabail (a s.) . . . co cethri cennaib forri, TBC-LL¹ 710 . caisslēn . . . gusin ruibēr ar n-a chomhtharraing 'n-a mhōirthimchioll, Fl. Earls 40.7 .

4 With nouns of less concrete meaning (together) with, provided with, and: dofil Crist cona soscelu, Wb. 4d29 . 26a18 . co pecad in popuil (the scapegoat), Tur. 110c . a laithe . . . cosnaib gnimaib . . . gniter and, Ml. 21c3 . adiecta cona n-ilmrechtrud, Sg. 29b6 . sum conáballib, 193b8 . 209b28 . niurt gene Crist cona bathius, Thes. ii 354.30 . cond neoch noduslen `together with the part which follows', Mon. Tall. 129.2 . sē bliadna . . . co mbloidh do blíadain, ZCP viii 111.27 . lá go n-oidhche, Ir. Review 1912, 517 § 1 . san ló go n-oídhche, Párl. na mB. 3554 . See 1 cet (151.55), leth (L 130.75).

5 With vnn. and similar words indicating the attendant circumstances of an action: bad samlith sulbairichthe co n-etarceirt gl. qui loquitur . . . oret ut interpretetur, Wb. 12d8 . co tabairt taebadh friu `trusting to them', Laws iv 74.22 Comm. gin tairgsin dlighi . . . go tairgsin dlighi, 234.21 Comm. acht mina gabad co fresabra unless he took it (the kingship) with opposition, RC xxiv 202.13 . meabhaidh maidhm forra gusan tenn ┐ gusan tairisiomh baoi leo in spite of, Hugh Roe² 166.1 .

6 Freq. with abstract etc. forming adjectival phrase: cosmulius co n-écsamlus gl. per hominem mors . . . per hominem resurrectio mortuorum, Wb. 13b25 . imbresna co lluindi gl. pugnas uerborum, 29b6 . 27c6 . guth formúigthe co trummai thinfid heavily aspirated, Sg. 9b18 . Ml. 30d18 . 37a10 . 92b10 . lasa senadh condimbrigh `the ignoble assembly', Blathm. 52 . do intliucht co saichi `a bad under- standing', Fél. Prol. 298 . fer corrath `a man of grace', Mon. Tall. 131.26 . ro bámarni . . . co cátaid acut you held me in esteem, LU 3917 ( SCC 43 ). ataí co ngalur ḟúail you are suffering from, Sc.M² 13 . P. . . . co llí, ZCP viii 107.16 . atā . . . in mac-caillech co n-idnaib in labour, KMMisc. 210.3 . ri . . . co fill a treacherous king, Stair Erc. 434 .

7 Similarly after verbs with adverbial force: is co [m]burpi asbéram na aill diar ṅgnímaib, gl. ut minus sapiens dico, Wb. 17c23 . co nhuailbetaid gl. tumultuarie, Ml. 63b8 . 124c2 . co llondas gl. dedignanter, 130a9 . Cf. Wb. 6c6 . 13a1 . .27 . in spirut . . . di-ar snádud co solma / ar gábud, Lib. Hymn. 159.7 . mad cumscaidech co ndeithbire justifiably, Laws iv 62. 12 Comm. do ēirigh sūas co sotla arrogantly, ZCP viii 220.25 . go bhfios damhsa, is mór etc., TSh. 1101 `to my knowledge, I am sure,' Gloss.

8 Of instrument with, by means of, through: co mbreic ┐ togais gl. disimulat, Ml. 61a6 . dia goin cosin laighin, Blathm. 55 . ? cocorib gl. congruentibus (uerbis), Enchir. Aug. 81a ( ZCP vii 483 ). frisinle in coin cona dib lāmaib, TBC-I¹ 523 . co torchair .l. leis cona fhiaclaib killed 50 with his teeth, RC iii 181.35 . madia ndeicennaigter e gus an creic loige ita do reir dligid `if this be purchased for the price which is prescribed according to law', Laws iv 214.13 Comm. rogell si cona luga she promised on her oath, FDG 663 .

cotut

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cotut or dil.ie/12700
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ca-, -at, catat

adj pl. caidi ( cotata, Hib. Min. 66 § 6 ). go suaighneadaibh lancadaith, ZCP x 303.2 . go suanemnaib lín lanch., LL 10550 `of hard flax', TBC-LL² 3111 . Also ca-, -at, catat (infl. by calad, O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 160 ). hard, severe, harsh: cotud .i. cech secda ab eo quod est cotis , Corm. Y 326 . c.¤ .i. a cote [.i.] lie forcid, O'Mulc. 247 . crandscíath . . . co mbil ch.¤ chondúala, BDD² 811 . da clobuinne caiti . . . do iarann, CCath. 5273 . arm cruaid catut (: acut), TBC-LL² 2781 . do thabairt chatha crúaid codait, TTr.² 1775 . dobert crothad cotud furri, LL 12864 . is crūaid codut in cosc `severe', MacCongl. 75.1 . sceith chaidi cathbuadacha, TTebe 1279 . is catad in scel bec he `it is a hard little story', Ériu ii 224.11 . sciath catat comdaingen, Acall. 6955 . cro cad(h)at, MR 262.11 . crandscíath . . . co mbil chothut condúala, LU 7195 = ch.¤ , BDD² 811 . Of persons stern, harsh : nirbat c.¤ arnabat dothcherna, LL 345b4 . É. is C. chatut (: —fuc) `hardy C.', Metr. Dinds. iii 350.30 .

Compar. as cruaidhe no cloch, as caide no cnáimh, F V 3, 189 cited St. Ercuil Gloss. s.v. caid . ? trian iar na cet codad; leth mad co taide, Laws ii 374.3 Comm. ? leth mad coitethe (of cloth), 372.17 . Adv. co cadut cruaid, LB 156b57 .

As subst.: eter dá cotot feda dense woods(?), LU 10244 = cotadh, ZCP iii 240.9 . cottud .i. sliabh, O'Cl. Gramm. of a word in unaltered form: fer a chotud (of the noun fer), Goid. 73.27 . bein a coutud (of the word ben), Auraic. 5025 . fer a codud, feear a mallrugud, 4986 . a cotot (.i. timorcain fri aicnead no i cind), 5292 . Later delenition and devoicing Phil. Soc. Trans. lxiv (1965/66) 151 , IGT Introd. p. iv . an cadad . . . .i. ceilt an tshéimhighthi bhíos ar tús an fhocuil déigheanaigh don chomhfhocal (itte, diúltta, etc.), § 49 . ag so cadad le ceiltear séimhiughadh an fhocuil bhíos na dhíaigh (bean throm, bean trom, etc.), § 50 . ní fhuil cadad eatarra le mbéradh crúadhughadh uirthe (lusfort, etc.), § 30 .

Compds. With nouns: na teora catadcaladhcathbhuailedh, TBC St. 4605 . tri ruadh roth fo chotat cosmhailes, TBC-LL¹ p. 809 n. 3 . cenn Fhailbhe chodat-chinn, Duan. F. i 84.12 . In n. pr. in Cruadín Catutchend (a sword), LL 12720 . CRR² 42 . re cotut-congmail in sceit[h] `hard upholding', CCath. 4731 . ? c.¤ curaid cellfetar, LU 10360 (rhet.). a chathcriss . . . do chotutlethar crúaid, 6416 (TBC). re codudrigni in glais-iarainn ` hard-stiffness ', CCath. 2679 . ? anmin cotat tír raithen mag, Laws iv 276.18 Comm. With adjj.: do glaisiarann cruaidh cotat-rigin, CCath. 4678 . léine . . . cotat slemun do ṡita, IT i 119.17 (TE Eg.). léne . . . isí chotutlemon, BDD² 9 .

1 deired

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 deired or dil.ie/15251
Last Revised: 2019

 

n o, n.

(a) remainder, residue: doberae digail forsa ndered duruarid dib Thou wilt inflict vengeance on the remnant that is left over of them, Ml. 44a20 . tabar in d.¤ fledi fail acut do mathib Lochlainne, CRR 14 .

(b) end, rear, conclusion: is dered mbetho nso, Wb. 10b3 . in glóir ic na fil deriud na tossach, PH 7468 . fescor .i. dered lái, 1699 . a ndeiredh in churaig in the stern of the boat, Acall. 1903 . anais tosach in tsluaig fria d.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 690 . ó thús co dered from beginning to end, FA 22 . adfet do scela o tus dered, BB 418a14 . i nderiud in tsailm so, Ml. 102c5 . dered fersa, Sg. 101a2 , 136a1 . i nderiud domain, PH 7269 . fo dered at last , LL 184b46 . ma deired, 10b19 . is é Conn do chóid fá dh.¤ ann who last passed into it, SG 348 . cosa deiridh an eich the hind legs of the horse, Keat. iii 3250 . erball .i. ball derid, Corm. 18 . ar a huathneduib derid on its hind legs, Fianaig. 66.17 . deireadh cogaidh mhac Míleadh 'rearguard of the sons of Míl', Celtica xxvi 107 § 56 . docuirethar deiredh for oen díbhside one of them fell behind, Hugh Roe 102 = ro cuireadh deireadh, etc., AFM vi 1978 . do ghabh Íoth féin deireadh ar a mhuinntir defended the rear, Keat. ii 851 .

1 derb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 derb or dil.ie/15547
Last Revised: 2019

 

I As adj. o, ā. sure, certain, fixed, determinate: nipi fírd.¤ a n-adchither tri themel, Wb. 12c12 . ni ssluindi . . . aimsir deirb, Sg. 66b18 . do slund aimsire deirbbæ, 15 . dofoirṅde persain deirb a determinate person, 72a1 . nídad fessa ┐ nídad derba scela ┐ senchasa fher nErenn conigi Cimbaeth, MacCarthy 280.27 ( BB 9b21 ). bás d.¤ aimser inderb, LL 371a12 . gnim d.¤ a certain fact, Metr. Dinds. iii 376.6 . dá bráthair derbha `two own brothers' (= dá derbráthair), CCath. 2050 . Sure, steady, firm: hi tempul d.¤ dímais, Fél. Feb. 2 . Of persons: Findlug d.¤ , ib. Jan. 3 . Compar. indad fil slondudh bas derbu have you any more exact appellation? TBC-I¹ 1120(LU). With cop. in asseverations, absol. or folld. by clause (generally direct): is d.¤ is fír on, Wb. 25d10 . is d.¤ ni biaidh ith i n-úir, ZCP viii 111.25 . is d.¤ nacha-t-acut , PH 4663 . With cop. omitted: dearbh as misi Suibhne, BS 38.17 . d.¤ na celtar in comlund, LL 199b10 (Met. Dinds. iv 24.22). is d.¤ limm I am (feel) sure , gl. spero, Wb. 14c13 . is d.¤ linn nonsoírfea, 24c18 . ní d.¤ linn . . . in senchas we are not certain as to the story, Ml. 52 . gur dhearbh leis buaidh do bhreith he felt sure of winning, TSh. 42 . is dearbh dhó bheith saor he is sure to be free, 8154 .

Adv. in deurb (gl. inquam used in asreveration), Ml. 18d25 , 70b2 . co d.¤ , CRR 5 .

Frequent in chevilles, with or without cop.: is d.¤ de, SR 159 . d.¤ la cach, 4889 . dearbh dhuibh, Keat. ii 440 .

II As subst. (cf. ar d.¤ gl. pro certo, Ml. 39b4 ): ata a dherbh agad nach foil trócairi fád choinne thou knowest for certain, Mac Aingil 69.6 . ni thsailim ach ag Dia a derbh | an téid oinmid a n-ifern only God knows, B. Fermoy (23 E 29) 117.23 . a n-aiccenta ┐ a nderbha their natures and characteristics, CCath. 4631 .

Compds. Used largely to form compds. of more or less stable nature.

(a) With adjs. surely, really, truly, or as mere intens. prefix: ¤deimin downright certain, CCath. 4822 . ¤dethidech circumspect: ó duthrachtaib dilsi . . . derbhdeithidecha Domnaill, MR 300.18 . Dia -dil, SR 1502 . ¤dub pitch-black , Rawl. 78b4 . ¤glan (of the Trinity), SR 7570 . ¤irisside: roba deirbhirisidhe dia thuistidhibh truly faithful, attached , Hugh Roe 4.14 (fol. 1a) . fálti -thairisi, Rawl. B 512 111a .

(b) With substantives sure, certain, reliable; genuine; own, special; freq. with words denoting kindred, etc. , with which it forms stable compds. (treated below as distinct words). ¤ḟis scéoil sure tidings, SR 1958 . ba -rēt a certainty , 2270 . in -chlann . . . is diless do Patraic, Trip. 68.9 ( Trip.² 717 ). ni gnáth -gul gan dérguba genuine grief, MR 238.21 .

With vbs. in sense of adv. really, actually: ro -dilod, Laws i 94.5 (etym. gl. on dia nderlaither, 90.z ). anī deirbcennaiges budēin 'which he "certainly purchases" himself', CB 176 § 55 gl. 3 .

didiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. didiu or dil.ie/16223

 

Forms: diṡuidiu, didiu, didu, didhu, dídu, diu, dī, din, dino, diu, dino, dano, d(h)e, Didiu, dī, dō

particle of transition = diṡuidiu (which is used for it FB § 6 ), see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 189 . Written in full, didiu: Wb. 1a9 ; 4a27 , c23 , d27 ; 8a4 ; 11b17a ; 15d20 ; 32c13 . didu: Wb. 8a5 . Hib. Min. 356 , 418 . LL 202a18 (: ¤ligu). BB 397a33 . IT iii 67.3 . didhu, BB 16b20 ; 355b30 = Metr. Dinds. ii 32 (: firu). dídu, SR 1224 . LL 102b38 (= TBC-LL¹ 6019 ). diu: TBC-I¹ 3564 . Hib. Min. 134 , 227 , etc. (reading of Harl.). Death-tales of the Ulster heroes, 12 . Corm. Y 1154 . RC xii 74.3 , 8 . Anecd. iv p. xii . BS § 3 . In Ml. and later MSS. however nearly always contracted dī and by earlier editors generally expanded as din (so always in PH) or dino (through confusion with dano), or somet. diu (SG); dni, AFM v 1552 . Expanded as dino in TBC-I¹ 422 , 428 , 434 , 462 , 469 , 472 , etc., where LU reads dano. Later also apparently d(h)e, see Ériu x 155 .

Didiu never begins a sentence. It always has reference to something preceding. Exceptions are only apparent, e.g. Corm. Y 1053 (where puincern has been introduced in the preceding article) and 568 (cf. 519 ). It generally follows a more or less emphatic word, often a noun or pron., but occasionally comes after ocus or nó at beginning of clause (esp. in PH); no dī may however = nō dō (= dano, q.v.).

(a) In logical sequence therefore, hence = Lat. ergo: nitat torbi . . . is diliu lemm didiu aní as torbæ, Wb. 11b17a , 4c24 . d27 , 8a4 , 15d20 . is mōir sléb[e] fírinne Dæ: cid ara fodmaisiu, a Dúaid, didiu a ndu imnedaib fodaimi? `why then dost thou suffer . . .?', Ml. 55d11 . biror .i. bir tibra . . . or .i. mong; biror didiu mong tiprat, Corm. Y 121 . Corbmac .i. corb .i. carpat. Cormbmac didiu mac carpait, 204 , cf. 519 , 851 , 875 , etc. do suidhiu ind erred isin charput as nomen a fochlæ . . . Fochla didiu cach suidiu n-a[i]rechda hence `fochla' means any exalted seat, 698 . cech fia[d?] . . . acht oenchrann ata dídu for riaguil every food therefore but one tree is under (our) control, SR 1224 . ba miscais lasin righain inti N., ar is dara ceand dorinde in rí fri Cairind he. Ba mor didu dochraidi Chairinde oc in rigain therefore C. was very harshly treated by the queen, RC xxiv 190 . omnia ergo quaecunque vultis, cech maith din is ail lib, PH 5772 . Hence freq. in drawing a conclusion or moral: conid aire sin didiu napo chóir do neoch uabur . . . do denam, LL 279a33 . connach cóir d.¤ lenmain do sholud nó shénairecht, 281b29 . conid ferr do neoch d.¤ a edprait don Chomdid andás dona dóinib, 286b40 (all concluding sentences of tales).

(b) Referring to someth. preceding, introducing an explanation or additional detail (freq. after a noun): rún inna cruche . . . Crúx didu ainm do gním in chrochtho, Wb. 8a5 . mali bare gare . . . Maile didiu .i. olc, Corm. Y 698 (p. 59) , cf. 604 , 860 . bói máthair mac Conaire la Neimed . . . In Nemed hé sin didiu bá ríg-briuga side now this N. was a hosteller, LL 292b1 ( Ériu vi 147 ). tanic aroli fer . . . Marcellus din ainm in fhir sin, PH 950 , cf. 2177 , 3114 , 3342 . is dó ranic inar Ísu . . . corccra d.¤ dath an inair sin, 2861 . Often nearly = for , Lat. enim: cruimther .i. goidelg indi as prespiter. Premther d.¤ a combrec sidie, Corm. Y 211 . Cathal nomen Britonis .i. combrec inn sin .i. catell. Cat d.¤ isin chombreic is cath in scotica Cathal is the Welsh name Catell; for cat in Welsh corresponds to cath in Irish, 206 , cf. 124 .

(c) As a particle of transition in looser signification: bói rí amra . . . Dagan a ainm. Ba mór d.¤ a chumachta, LL 245b43 . is amlaid doraiga intí Ísu Crist . . . Bid mór d.¤ a slóg . . . Is ar bēlaib int ṡluaig-sin d.¤ do aspenfa cách a gnímu, 280b26 - 27 . Common in sequences (often alternating with tra and other particles) = also, moreover, further: is andsin tancadar ina ferchuidreda . . . Is ann d.¤ sin thānic ind nōi carpait di ḟéindidib, TBC-I¹ 3536 . mōr do chētaib . . . mōr do churadaib . . . mōr do buidnib d.¤ robātar oca, 3408 . almsu dia anmain cetus . . . almsu din dia churp, PH 5977 . Ram a ainm ria tusmed chlainde do Abram imorra a ainm iar tusmed . . . Abraham din a ainm in tan dochuaid fo recht n-imdibe, 5684 , cf. 2267 follg., 6233-49 . rucsat bentachtain les on aide ┐ rofacsat bennachtain aice didiu, RC xxxv 204.20 . After ocus: ni bia fortamlus a namut fair . . . ┐ din nisbia tedmunna i n-a ḟlathius, PH 4284 . diar fhulang ┐ diar lessugud fodéin . . . ┐ din do shásad bocht, 6121 . ocus din fáth aile, 5473 ; 5187 . After nó: dia mbé do náma i ngorta . . . nó din dia mbé a n-ittaid, 6043 . doforne sin .i. na tri hetargna . . . no din na trí dána, 7082 . demin leo co mbad comthoitim dóib nó d.¤ inní robíad de co mbad hé a tigerna fén dofáethsad ann, TBC-I¹ 2433 . cia conualaind-se mo charpat ┐ Oen ara Conaill d.¤ ina charput and O. in his chariot as well, 3525 . docer la M. dā fer dēac dīibsom ┐ dā fer dēac dia muinter-som d.¤ , 2904 . adcomaing cach fer dīb biur n-indam-sa, adcomchusa a mbiur-sa tria cechtar de -seom d.¤ , 2826 . nicon bia a mbethaid, or seiside. Nicon bia-so d.¤ it bethaid, ol C. then you will not live either, 2771 . ni maith dait, or C., na leigi da marbad . . . Ni maith doibsom d.¤ epert ind uilc frimsa, 2780 . nir lam [Cairend] in mac do gabail cuici . . . ┐ nir lam didu nech do feraib Herenn a breth leis, RC xxiv 190 . In adversative sense, however: dolēicsed dūnad iarsin do M. ┐ ní gegain-side d.¤ nech dībsom, TBC-I¹ 2906 . dorad seirc dia leasmac .i. do Chorc; ro op d.¤ Corc a coimlebaid, Lec. 454c15 . Muineamon mac Cais . . . Is de sin aderar Muineamon .i. main for muinclaib. Maine Mór d.¤ robe a cétainm, Cóir Anm. 10 . Confirming a foregoing statement: dóig lim rombad hē Cethern mac Fintain; ┐ ba fīr sōn d.¤ and this was indeed the case, TBC-LL¹ 2761 . doringelt Cūrūi dōsom nād bīad . . . Dognith d.¤ and he kept his word too, 2967 . bid les . . . in forlāmus ┐ rīgi nĒrenn ōn uair-se amach. Ba fīr ón didu it turned out true too, RC xxiv 202 . an fil ceithern acut? Atát diu I have (indeed), SG 62 . tabraid cáirde na haidche anocht damsa! Dobéram diu, 56 . Common in statement, question, or command to connect with something already expressed or implied: Mait[h] didiu, a Bélchú well now, B., Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40 . airg d.¤, ol M., conris Síth Lethet go then, Imr. Brain i 53 . cid dia tutchad diu? why then hast thou come? RC xii 74 . cest diu, caidhe mo airrle-si l(u)at? ib.

(d) Often used to denote temporal sequence, then, thereupon: is iarum foruirmed mind nAileillo forsin coirthi. Fōbair-som d.¤ in coirthi, TBC-I¹ 2883 . is iarum conmelt foroib . . . Focheird d.¤ a sciath ina diaid . . . Roiadh in slōg imbi-som iarum, conmelt som d.¤ foraib, 2889 , 2891 . gabaid L. ríge nhErenn . . . Gabaid ríge nAlban iarsin . . . Gabaid d.¤ L. ríge Gall, LL 311b1 ff. rofoildsic Dia dosam sin . . . condubairt sa rann-so d.¤ , RC xxxiii 354 . etha ó hAilill co Ferchess . . . Fóidis d.¤ Ferchis, Fianaig. 38 . fri re Aeda genfius Tibraiti . . . Et cid bīas and d.¤ (iarsin, v.l.)? ol B. and what will follow? ZCP ix 457 .

do-gní

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-gní or dil.ie/17752
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dogníu, dogni, dogní, dugn, dogniam, dogníith, du-nd-gniid, dogniat, dugníat, denim, nis-denaim, ara-ndeni, déni, n-nad-denam, ndenid, dénat, dogníu, dogním, domgníis, dogní, dogníd, dogníthit, dénaim, ndéin, dogn-, don-, doni, doniam, dénus, dernim, dergenaim, derni, dernat, dernat, dene, da-n-g[n]íid, dénad, do-sn-gniith, dénid, déne, déni, déna, dén, dénad, dénam, dénaid, dénat, dugníth, dugnítis, dognitis, dognínn, dénainn, dognéo, dugneu, dogn, madesgne, dogn, du-n-gné, do-s-gnem, dogneid, dogneith, dogned, dugnet, déne, dena, denae, nad-ndenam, nis-ṅ-denaith, dogner, dogneor, do-neor, donear, dogné, dogéne, dóene, don, dénar, ndiaghnair, ndiaghnum, do-nd-rón, dorón, dorronai, doróna, dorónam, dorónaid, dern, dern, ndern, nderne, derna, ndernam, ndernaid, dernat, d-a-gnenn, dugnén, dognein, dugnitha, dognetha, dogned, dogneth, dugnemmis, dognethe, dugnetis, ndenmis, frisan-dénte, conna-dentis, dendis, tentis, duróininn, duronad, doróntæ, derninn, ndernain, dernad, derṅmis, dernainn, dén-, dern-, dugén, dugene, do-n-genae, dogéna, du-n-genam-ni, do-n-génid, dogénat, digén, digen, digenam, dignem, ndignet, dogén, dian, dogénus, dingén, dingn-, dingnea, dingniam, ndingnair, dergían, dergenat, drónfat, dogenainn, dogenad, dogenmis, digned, digénte, dorigenmais, da-rigente, digéni, degēni, dogéni, dogénsat, dogensatar, dogniset, dognisetar, ndigni, digni, ndénsat, densat, dorigenu(a)s, dorignius, do-m-rignis, do-nd-rigéni, dorigni, dorigénsam, do-d-rigénsid, dorigéensat, dorigénsat, deirgenus, deirgéni, dergéni, ndergini, ndergensat, dernus, dorignius, dorindius, dorinnus, dorigni, dorigne, derigne, dorinne, dorin, dogrinn, dorigénsat, dorigensatar, dorigniset, dorinnsid, dorigéntar, dorinnetar, doringnis, doringne, doringset, do-rig-, dorigsem-ne, dorigset, dergenus, dergene, dergena, deirgeini, ndergensat, rodergenset, dernus, derna, nderna, ndernsat, ndernatar, ndearnadar, ndernaisit, dorónus, do-d-róni, do-s-róna, doróne, doróine, doróigne, doróinde, dorogn, dorónsat, dorónsatar, dogníther, dogníter, in-déntar, ndéntar, ndénatar, déntar, derntar, dogníthe, ndentae, dogníthe, -a, dognether, dugnetar, ndentar, dénatar, dorontar, dorróntar, derntar, dognethe, dognetis, dente, ṅdenta, dorónta, doróntais, derntá, ndernta, dogentar, dogénatar, dogenaiter, dingentar, dignestar, dogénta, dignesta, dogníth, dugnitha, durónath, dorónad, dorónta, dernad, dorónad, dorónait, dorigned, dorigenadh, dorinded, dorinnead, ndernad, ndernta, dénti, dénta, dénum, do-gní, dogní, dogní, dogní

v (* di-gnī-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 541 ). See ZCP i 350 ff . Indic. pres.— O.Ir. 1 s. dogníu, Wb. 17c11 . 2 s. dogni, 6c16 . 3 s. dogní, 6a8 ; dugn, Ml. 39b2 . 1 pl. dogniam, Wb. 15d9 . 2 pl. dogníith, 9c15 , cf. 25c14 ; amal du-nd-gniid , Ml. 103b13 . 3 pl. dogniat, Wb. 30c14 ; dugníat, 14b17 . 1 s. ní denim , Wb. 12c9 ; nis-denaim, Ml. 75a9 . 2 s. ara-ndeni, 55d21 . 3 s. nad déni , Thes. ii 294.28 , Wb. 31d12 . 1 pl. a n-nad-denam , 16a24 . 2 pl. dia ndenid , 8c11 . 3 pl. ni dénat , 12b20 . Mid.Ir.—1 s. dogníu, dogním. ? 2 s. domgníis, BB 350a23 (cf. Dinds. 1 § 14 ). 3 s. dogní; dogníd, Mon. Tall. 128 , 129 . 3 pl. dogníthit, LB 260a59 . 1 s. ní dénaim , etc. 3 s. co ndéin , Maund. 137 . In this, as in other tenses, the stem dogn- is freq. written don-, doni, doniam, etc. 3 s. rel. dénus (for dogní), Fl. Earls 220.2 . With -ro- of possibility. 1 s. ní dernim , RC xxv 24 § 4 , cf. IT iii 47.12 ; ni dergenaim , TBC-LL¹ 4387 . 3 s. nach derni , Ml. 128c3 . 3 pl. ni dernat , Wb. 22d3 ; nad dernat , Tec. Corm. p. 34 .

Ipv. O.Ir.—2 s. na dene , Ml. 55a1 . 3 s. da-n-g[n]íid, Wb. 8d9 . dénad, 28d19 . 2 pl. do-sn-gniith, 24b12 . dénid, 25c17 . Mid.Ir.—2 s. déne; déni, SR 1183 , 5680 , TBC-LL¹ 1495 ; déna; dén. 3 s. dénad. 1 pl. dénam. 2 pl. dénaid. 3 pl. dénat.

Impf. O.Ir.—3 s. dugníth, Ml. 30a3 . 3 pl. dugnítis, 62c13 . dognitis, 22a4 . Mid.Ir.—1 s. dognínn ( donin, TBC-LL¹ 3403 ). ní dénainn .

Subj. pres. O.Ir.—1 s. dognéo, Wb. 17c20 , cf. 3d2 ; dugneu, Ml. 23c24 . 2 s. dogn, Wb. 5d39 . 3 s. madesgne, Thes. ii 246.29 (sic leg., ZCP xiv 8 ). dogn, 12c46 . du-n-gné, Ml. 129b1 . 1 pl. do-s-gnem, Wb. 21b9 . 2 pl. dogneid, 5d30 ; dogneith, 12d7 ; dogned, 25d22 . 3 pl. dugnet, Ml. 120c1 , cf. 83b14 . 2 s. mani déne , Wb. 10a17 . 3 s. mani dena , Ml. 35d14 . ceni denae , Mon. Tall. 138.30 . 1 pl. nad-ndenam, 23c6 . 2 pl. nis-ṅ-denaith, Wb. 6b29 . Mid.Ir.—1 s. cia dogner , K. Sächs. Gesell. Ber. xlii 83 . dogneor, Lec. 531a . sul do-neor , TBC-LL¹ 3078 = siu donear , TBC-I¹ 2276 . 3 s. dogné; dogéne, PH 770 . dóene (= dogéne?), Thes. ii 346.35 , 351.41 . don, 300.30 . 1 s. cia dénar , Ériu i 227 . 2 s. cu ndiaghnair , Lib. Flav. i 36ra23 . 1 pl. cu ndiaghnum , 36ra34 . With -ro- 1 s. do-nd-rón, Wb. 5b18 . dorón, ACL iii 298.16 , Fél. Prol. 269 . 2 s. dorronai, Wb. 32a24 . 3 s. doróna, Thes. ii 1.27 , Mon. Tall. 132.28 . 1 pl. dorónam, Metr. Dinds. iii 448 . 2 pl. dorónaid, Fél. Prol. 186 . 1 s. na dern , SR 1583 . ní dern (dernd, MS.), Ériu vi 116 . co ndern , LU 10644 . 2 s. dia nderne , Mon. Tall. 142 . 3 s. arna derna , Wb. 4a5 . 1 pl. co ndernam , Wb. 22a12 . 2 pl. co ndernaid , 13d30 . 3 pl. ar na dernat , BDD § 94 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. d-a-gnenn, Wb. 10d31 ; dugnén, 10c16 ; dognein, 10a27 . 2 s. dugnitha (leg. dognetha), Ml. 103d16 . 3 s. dogned, Wb. 17a13 ; dogneth, Sg. 21b6 . 1 pl. dugnemmis, Wb. 10c21 . 2 pl. dognethe, 9d25 . 3 pl. dugnetis, Ml. 74a1 , cf. 73d1 . 1 pl. dia ndenmis , Sg. 203a6 . 2 pl. frisan-dénte, Wb. 9c24 . 3 pl. conna-dentis, Ml. 124c20 . mani dendis , 75d2 . mani tentis , 35c18 . Forms with -ro-: 1 s. duróininn, Ml. 46b13 (reading doubtful). 3 s. duronad, Wb. 8a4 . 2 pl. doróntæ, 16a23 . 1 s. nach derninn , Wb. 8a5 . co ndernain , PCr. 2a2 . 3 s. na dernad , LU 8155 . 1 pl. arna derṅmis , Sg. 203a6 . Mid.Ir. ní dernainn , etc.

In later lang. the prot. stem dén- is almost entirely replaced by dern- throughout the subjunctive ( IGT Verbs § 1 ).

Fut. 1 s. dugén, Ml. 30b9 . 2 s. dugene, 41b4 . do-n-genae, Wb. 32a25 . 3 s. dogéna, 26a20 . 1 pl. du-n-genam-ni, Ml. 111d3 . 2 pl. do-n-génid, Wb. 17a6 . 3 pl. dogénat, 13a13 . 1 s. in digén , Wb. 9d4 ; ni digen , Ml. 69a21 . 1 pl. ni digenam , Ml. 30c9 . ni dignem , Wb. 17b9 . 3 pl. nad ndignet , Ml. 56b15 . Mid.Ir. dogén (dodén) etc.; ní dian , Lib. Flav. i 17rb24 . 3 s. rel. dogénus, SG 290.13 . ni digén (ní digeón, TBC-I¹ 1647 ). ni dingén , FB § 31 . Most usually with stem dingn-: 3 s. ní dingnea . 1 pl. nocho dingniam , FB § 6 . 2 s. dep. co ndingnair (fut. for subj.), ZCP vi 64.26 . Forms with -ro- are rare:? 3 s. ni dergían , TBC-LL¹ 2808 ; 3 pl. ni dergenat , Ml. 80a9 . Cf. 3 pl. drónfat (= dorónfat), BColm. 50 . Condit. 1 s. dogenainn, TBC-I¹ 2874 . 3 s. dogenad, Wb. 26a12 . 1 pl. dogenmis, Sg. 203a6 . 3 s. ni digned , Ml. 14b4 . 2 pl. nicon digénte , Wb. 9d9 . With -ro-: 1 pl. dorigenmais, TBC-I¹ 177 (LU). 2 pl. da-rigente, Wb. 13b3 ; 11d5 .

Pret. 3 s. digéni, Thes. ii 239 ( Ardm. 17b1 ). degēni, RC xxv 344 (see ZCP xiv 8 ). dogéni, Sg. 185b4 , TBC-I¹ 1732 LU (= dogena, YBL). 3 pl. dogénsat, Trip.² 1380 . dogensatar, Rawl. 142a55 . dogniset, Hugh Roe 102 . dognisetar, ZCP viii 544 . 3 s. nad ndigni , Ml. 23b10 . na digni , SR 6146 . 3 pl. co ndénsat , FB § 77 . ni densat , SG 234.14 . Pret. forms (i.e. without -ro-) seem confined chiefly to 3 s. and pl. and become rare in Mid.Ir.

Perf. 1 s. dorigenu(a)s, Ml. 2a6 . dorignius, Wb. 24b12 , cf. Ml. 23c27 , Fél. Ep. 111 , TBC-I¹ 937 (LU). 2 s. do-m-rignis, Wb. 4c27 ; Fél. Ep. 506 . 3 s. do-nd-rigéni, Wb. 6d2 , cf. 11a30 , Ml. 54a4 ; dorigni, Wb. 4c32 . 1 pl. dorigénsam, 14b26 . 2 pl. do-d-rigénsid, 20d3 , cf. 33d5 . 3 pl. dorigéensat, 5a24 ; dorigénsat, 7d10 . 1 s. nad deirgenus , Wb. 24a14 . 3 s. nad deirgéni , 13b17 . ni dergéni , Ml. 114b12 . nad ndergini , 23c15 . 3 pl. co ndergensat , Sg. 187b6 . 1 s. ni dernus , Ml. 39a11 . In Mid.Ir. and later lang. 1 s. dorignius, etc., cf. Auraic. 651 ; dorindius, Imr. Brain i 65.25 ; dorinnus, CF 98 . 3 s. dorigni, dorigne ( derigne, Hib. Min. 276 ), dorinne, dorin (late). dogrinn, ZCP v 489 § 13 (B. na f.) (see Celtica xiii 25 ). 3 pl. dorigénsat, dorigensatar, SR 5929 ; dorigniset, TBC-LL¹ 2249 ; dorinnsid, SR 3616 , dorigéntar, 6052 ; dorinnetar, -edar (late). Stem do-ring-: 2 s. doringnis, TBC-LL¹ 5778 . 3 s. doringne; cf. 3 pl. doringset, LL 354e5 , Metr. Dinds. iii 16 . Stem do-rig-: dorigsem-ne, Rawl. 142b5 ; dorigset, SR 3533 , 3660 , 3957 , etc. 1 s. ni dergenus , Leb. Gab.(i) 30.2 . 3 s. nochon dergene , TBC-I¹ 2067 . nocho dergena , TBC-LL¹ 2982 . ní deirgeini , AFM vi 2120 , 2142 . 3 pl. co ndergensat , AFM 960 . rodergenset, RC xvi 156 . More usually 1 s. ní dernus , 3 s. ni derna , co nderna , 3 pl. co ndernsat , co ndernatar (go ndearnadar ). co ndernaisit , AU 1101 . Further 1 s. dorónus, etc. 3 s. do-d-róni, BDD § 26 ; do-s-róna, SR 295 ; doróne, doróine, doróigne, doróinde, dorogn, Trip.² 1038 . 3 pl. dorónsat, BDD 134 , 168 . dorónsatar, MR 142.1 .

Passive. Pres. s. dogníther, Wb. 10c11 . pl. dogníter, Sg. 35b13 . in-déntar, PCr. 66a1 ( Thes. ii 230 ); ara ndéntar , Wb. 2a10 ; pl. lassa ndénatar , Ml. 84a11 .

Ipv. déntar; (with -ro-) derntar, Ériu ii 200 .

Impf. s. dogníthe, Wb. 15a18 . i ndentae , Ml. 24d9 . Mid.Ir. dogníthe, -a.

Subj. pres. s. dognether, Wb. 29a21 ; pl. dugnetar, Ml. 112d8 . ara ndentar , Ml. 30d13 ; pl. mani dénatar , Wb. 8a11 . (With -ro-) dorontar, Mon. Tall. 146.31 . dorróntar, Wb. 13d21 . arna derntar , Ml. 93a1 . Impf. s. dognethe, Wb. 9c20 ; pl. síu dognetis , SR 7853 . s. mani dente , Ml. 29a6 ; co ṅdenta , Sg. 9b2 . dorónta, 65a1 ; pl. doróntais (?), Corm. Y 324 . na derntá , TBC-LL¹ 5758 ; co ndernta (usual prot. form in Mid. Ir.).

Fut. s. dogentar, Wb. 4d1 ; pl. dogénatar, Fél. Ep. 176 ; dogenaiter, LU 4256 . Mid.Ir. ní dingentar ; ní dignestar , MacCongl. 35.11 . Condit. s. dogénta, TE 9 (Eg.). na dignesta , MacCongl. 45.15 .

Pret. dogníth (Mid.Ir.); pl. dugnitha, Ml. 73a19 . Perf. ced durónath , Wb. 33a15 ; dorónad, 15a33 , BDD § 133 . pl. dorónta, Sg. 216a1 , Fél. Prol. 239 . lasan dernad , Thes. ii 289.5 . In later lang. dorónad (Keat.), dorónait; dorigned, BDD § 133 ; dorigenadh, Corm. Y 685 ; dorinded, dorinnead. co ndernad ; co ndernta .

Vbl. of necess. dénti, Wb. 12d41 . Part. dénta. Vn. dénum. IGT Verbs § 1 .

The meanings of do-gní fall under two main heads, does (I) , and makes (II) . As both these senses are often implicit in the Irish, the classification given below is to some extent artificial. Examples in which the notion of activity seems predominant are referred to I, those in which that of formation is uppermost to II; but often only the context can decide to which head an instance belongs, e.g. dogní comairle takes counsel (I) , or forms a plan (II) ; dogní dliged administers justice (I) or makes (promulgates) a law (II) .

I

(a) does , implying action in the widest sense: a ndugniat ar magistir, is ferr dún a dénum, Wb. 14b17 . a nāt denat ar magistir, ni dignem-ni, 15d6 . cach óin dodgéna samlaid whosoever shall do thus, Thes. ii 235 . níb ar adbchlos do dóinib, ba ar Dia gacha ndene let all thou doest be (done) for God, Ériu ii 172 . 'n-a forcongrai do cach aen, co ndosróna fodhein what thou ordainest for others, do thyself, ACL iii 316 , cf. LB 261a30 . cid dogní-siu sund, a gillai?, TBC-LL¹ 1401 . cid dogén mana fagar . . . iat?, ZCP viii 113 . ronertat nád dernat they strive after what they cannot do, Tec. Corm. p. 34 . ní fil ní bad toil ria cóemchéle na dingned, LU 3912 ( SCC § 42 ). cid ed ón dorigenmais-ni we could have done even that, TBC-I¹ 177 LU (glossed .i. rofetfaimmais a denom). damad messe Finnachta . . . nocho dingenaind 'na nderna, LL 307b19 . a n-atchondcamár dorigénsam, LU 1780 = RC ix 486 . ma dorontar ón if it can be managed, Mon. Tall. 146 . ni derntar isin cath ni nad fesur uaid let nothing be done . . . without my learning it from you, TBC-I¹ 3527 . Often in response to a command: guidh in Coimdhi[dh] lem . . . Dagēntar, ZCP iii 33 . With DE, FRI, DO of pers. or thing, does with (to): ised dognith de was done with him, IT i 142 . ní fhetar . . . cid dernad de, TBFr. 295 . an ro chara, dagné dímsa, 303 . cid má ndénai-siu damsa sain? TBC-LL¹ 218 . cid dogenam friu-so[m]?, Hy. ii 10 Comm. ( Thes. ii 311 ). cid dogéin (leg. dogén) frit chorp coemdil? what shall I do with thy body? SR 2050 . cid dogéntar friu?, TBC-I¹ 173 (LU). In neg. phrases with acht and cen: asbert ni digned acht sid, BB 193b24 . drong nach déin acht droichdhíol fiach, TSh. 4650 . aderaid . . . na denaid na leagha acht biadh do bacail don othar that physicians do nothing but prevent the sick from eating, 23 P 10, 152vb36 . is demin nach dingin-sea gan in comrac-sa do denam that I shall not refrain from fighting, Aen. 2931 . ní dingnuind-si ar ilimud maithesa gan dul ann, ZCP vi 72 . In passive often happens, takes place: in talamscugud dognither and, CCath. 1015 . amhail dorónta cidh iarttain, Hugh Roe 256 . doridned . . . co n-edbrad Cain māine (= factum est ut offerret C., Gen. iv 3 ), Lec. 530b38 . doridned laitheada Adaim iar tusmed Seth do .i. ocht cét bliadan (= facti sunt dies Adam . . . octingenti anni, Gen. v 4 ), 531b49 . cf. 532a1 , 27 , 32 , 43 , in all of which the pass. of dogní is an artificial translation of Lat. fieri.

(b) Used to avoid repetition of another vb., like Eng. do (see Celtica i 318 ): — báidhter ón, ar Mac an D. — Ni dingnum itir, ol M., Imr. Brain i 64 . — imrem fithchill. — Ni dernus riam, ar C., Ériu v 30 . do slechtadar . . . damsa ┐ doghenaid duitsi mar sin, CF 215 . dia hingreim doridhisi amail dorighni fecht n-aill, BS 122 . rocomroic Ioib riasi . . . amal danid re hIunaind, TTebe 782 . sechain toil na drúisi amail dodhenta tiagarna fuar as you would (shun) an unfeeling master, Ériu v 138 . smachtaigh do ben amail dodhenta do mac, 114 . damad maith lat a losccadh, dogéntae, Moling 42 .

(c) fulfils, executes, carries out (a wish, command, etc.): dénaid mo réir-se, FB § 16 . dén reir do mathar is t'athar, ZCP vi 272 . in airet donet mu reir, Lism. L. 3522 . ní dingna réir do lethéid he will not obey the like of thee, Fianaig. 74 . co ndernur do reir, Ériu iii 14 . is noeb cach oen dugní toil ind ríg, Thes. ii 294 (SP iv). is lestar fás . . . nad déni thoil ind ríg, ib. doní toil a menman ria, Imr. Brain i 65 . ní dingnum do comairle we will not take your advice, IT ii2 134 . da ndernair-se mo comhairle-si, Ériu v 98 . dia mbadh mo chomairli-si do-gneithi ann if my advice were followed, Leb. Gab.(i) 252 . nephetarcna inna timnae ndiade ata deinti that are to be carried out, Ml. 58a20 . Cf. further: dorinde C.C. an t-abur docum ar cruthaigh Dia é accomplished the purpose for which God created him, BCC § 376 .

(d) Freq. with object either directly expressing or implying activity of some kind.

(i) With an accus. of kindred meaning: is gnim anecni dogníu, Wb. 17c11 . dorinnsid gnim n-imamnas, SR 3616 . truag lim-sa in gnim dognither isin maidin-sea, TBC-I¹ 2314 . co ndernsat gníma móra, IT i 76 . dorigéni gnímrada gaile forro, TBC-LL¹ 1967 (dorinde, St.). ní dern (dernd, derd, MSS.) sáithar cen ḟochraic may I do no work without reward, Ériu vi 116 . ar nā dendáis gním no mugsaine isin domnaig, Ériu ii 200 . in muid dungní cach oen láu of the work he does every day, Thes. ii 294 (SP ii). síu donear mo mudu | i fiadhnaisi int sluaig, TBC-I¹ 2276 = TBC-LL¹ 3078 . amail dogéntais in mbeirt, Ériu iv 110 . ní dénat firtu they do not work miracles, Wb. 12b20 . dogníth mór fertae he wrought many miracles, Hy. ii 33 . a ndorigne do ḟertaib, v 67 . cumbad for Martain dogneth Dia in mirbuil-sin, RC ii 388 = Lat. Lives 89 . ni dernad ┐ ní dingentar mirbuil bud mō, Todd Lect. vi 71 . in torand-chless dogní-siu, TBC-LL¹ 1756 . a cleas dorigniusa fiada the feat I have performed before him, TBC-I¹ 1270 . it e dorigensat ind abairt sin, 1425 (LU). cid mór do chomramaib gaili ┐ gaiscid dogné nech, 1862 . ni fo cian . . . co nderna-som béit n-aile, 486 . ni dernnsat ban-echta ban, MR 212 .

(ii) With an abstract subst. as obj., to express a moral action or a feeling: ainmne do dénam to exercise patience, Ériu i 196 . cé dogénsam ainmne uime, ACL iii 295 . na dene ainmnit show not patience, Ml. 55a1 . amarus dogní forom-sa he suspects me, SG 80 . dia mbad athirge dognéth Adam if A. repented, SR 1409 . ac Rígh corpgil doron athirge dim phecthaib may I be penitent, ACL iii 298 . co ndernur aithrigi is fedbdacht, 243 . digal ind ancridi dogní nech frit, Sg. 181a6 . dentar anlecht let-sa fri hA., TE 8 (Eg.). adubairt . . . co nderrna si brég ara gelladh, ZCP vi 277 . conadh becc mbuada nó mbuadhnaisi badh denta do Poimp de P. had little reason to exalt, CCath. 5096 . dognidh buidechus mor, 6000 . dénaid chalma be valiant, LL 225a23 ( TTr. 581 ). cein dogeni calma, TBC-I¹ 1267 . is í tra celg dosgní Guaire, SG 64 . in ceasacht do[g]niad na mná the niggardliness which women practise, Ériu v 24 . ní dhénadh cert nā dligedh uime would not do right or justice, TTebe 832 . dēni (déne, LU) cōir ngaiscid frim give me fair play, TBC-I¹ 1288 . masa chonnalbai dogni, 234 . do-nídís crábhadh, TSh. 8928 . dogni mo chumtabairt thou art doubtful of me, SR 2888 . is coir dáibh-si . . . deghmenma do denamh to be of good courage, CCath. 1692 . co ndenad deirc móir dend airliud used to perform great charity, Hy. v 25 Comm. ( Thes. ii 332 ). maircc doní díomas as ór who is proud of gold, KMMisc. 364 . gan a dhiomdha do dénomh without grudging, ZCP viii 221 . co n[d]ingen-sa díth ┐ dochar duit, vi 49 . dogní dormuine, SG 373 . adrubairt A. riu gen drochciall do denam not to act foolishly, TTebe 416 . cid ben dognē drūis, KMMisc. 272 . rium-sa na déna duilghe be not harsh to me, BS 88 . mór d'eniuch dorigne much hospitality did he exercise, ZCP viii 272 . fer . . . na derna espa riam, YBL 164a5 . a fhir doghni an t'éad who art jealous, O'Gr. Cat. 604 . cid fáilte . . . dungneu `though it be joy I . . . make' (feel?), Ml. 92a17 . déni fatchius be on thy guard, TBC-LL¹ 1495 , cf. 1419 . ferg fri suide ní dernaim I cannot get angry with it, IT iii 47 . ni denad fearg fri nech, YBL 155b47 . nar cóir dó ferg do denamh re F., BCC § 160 . ni dū d'fir an fiabrais fearg do denam a fever patient should not get angry, 23 P 10, 153vb23 . a ben, ní dēn fingail fort, SR 1539 . go ndiongnadh fírinne might speak truth, Keat. ii 3667 . nach iad na mairtirigh amháin dorinde an foidhidi-so who displayed this patience, BCC § 7 . an tí doni foighinne 'n-a bochtaine who is patient in his poverty, Ériu v 130 . ná dern féin forcraid lest I be guilty of excess, SR 1583 . an gairdechus dorinne, Fier. 179 . denaidh gliccus deal cunningly, 189 . doní da gaib gus achieves valour with his spears, Imr. Brain ii 288 . dénatt idna let them practise purity, BColm. 98 . ni denta iongnadh dom faicsin-si andso let no one wonder, ZCP x 285 . doním iongantas I am surprised, Keat. iii 5485 . má día bfaghainn-se bás de, | dá fhios ní dingninn leisce, SG 64 . dogním less na n-anm[ann]a, SR 1196 . an té doní les a cheli, assé a les fene doni, BCC § 202 . cia . . . ná digni m'amles, SR 6146 . ni dhernus-sa th'aimhlessa I have done you no hurt, BS 146 . truid . . . .i. on luas doni from its speed, Corm. Y 1236 . doriṅgnis maith reme sut ┐ dogéna 'n-a diaid, TBC-LL¹ 5778 . níchon dergeni nach maith, TBC-I¹ 2067 . nā hindis fein maith da ndingne do not tell any of the good you do, ZCP vi 272 . co ná dernad orm mebal, SG 57 . doghníd méirdreachus, craos ┐ droichbhearta eile, Eochairsg. 10 . meisge do dhenamh, Luc. Fid. 118 . denaidh míne ris deal gently with him, RC xxix 122 . nert ni dernim strength I cannot exercise, xxv 24 . aindre áille uchtgheala, | ettorra doniodh a óighe he kept his virginity, ZCP i 64 . do neoch na dene olcc nach annrecht friu, Laws iv 176 . co brath nocha dingned olcc, Ériu v 26 . cach olc donithea fri hUltu, ZCP v 504 . ni fuil olc nar dernsamar riu, TBC-LL¹ 5697 . dogniat cach pecad, Wb. 30c14 . da mionca doghnídh duine peacadh marbhthach, Eochairsg. 12 . an tí nach denand peccadh, BCC § 182 . denam pennait buan, SR 1573 . atibset in linn . . . ┐ ni dernai pudar doib did them no harm, Hy. iv Pref. ( Thes. ii 323 ). mór an pudhar do ronsaidh, Leb. Gab.(i) 32 . dogné sáiri na sruithe, Ériu i 198 . dogniat subachas ┐ somenma, SG 346 . ma dogné tarba if you make use (of it), Ériu v 116 . na dena tnuth re duine envy not, 126 . doróine trocaire riu, Metr. Dinds. iii 386 . cad é an fáth as a ndéanfá-sa trom ar mhnaoi that you should be so hard on (another) woman, O'Gr. Cat. 620 . trom oirne níor déanta dhuibh, Ó Bruad. ii 134 . tuirsi oca cia donéo though I grieve thereat, Ériu vii 240 . cach úabar dogensat all the pride they have been guilty of, Ériu i 201 . int aenmacc ríg is mó dorinne d'uaisli ┐ d'agh ┐ d'orbert, ZCP viii 111 . uamun brátha . . . cia dogneimmis ba cooir 'twere right for us to be in fear of Doom, SR 8052 .

(iii) Esp. with a vn. or equivalent, as periphrasis for finite tense of vb. (see Celtica i 318 ): denaid anmain stay , KMMisc. 313 . doroine Rónan altugadh buidhe do Dia, BS 176 . intan ba hāin phuill dognitis, TBC-I¹ 496 . tugas fom bréithir . . . nach diongnainn ár that I would do no slaughter, ML 114 . is leis dorignead cet-ar ┐ cet-buain ar tus he was the first to plough and reap, Lec. 66b5 . an beannachadh dorigne Bóas ar a mheithil, Eochairsg. 41 (cf. do-beir bennachtain for . . .). an duine doni moran cainnti who talks much, Ériu v 130 . denam cennach let us make a bargain, BS 88 . co ndénsat cennach fris, FB § 77 . in codlud doniat na fir, Aen. 2069 . d'éis an chodalta-sa dorinnus, CF 98 . go ndéana mé suan beag codhlata till I take a nap, 144 Eg. in comerge dorigni in phéist, FB § 85 . dorinne coimerghi romuinn he rose up, Fianaig. 58 . ni deinim comnaidhe i n-áon áit I do not abide, BS 177 . go ndingnadh oirissemh ┐ comhnaighe issin gcathraigh, Fl. Earls 142 . doberim dom bréthir . . . nach dingnum comól that we shall never drink together, Fianaig. 78 . déna creidemh gan mhirún believe , Duan. F. i 74 . cumann cleithe nocha ndernus I have had no secret amour, Ériu i 20 . gé dognéi-si dioghal dhe, BS 150 . doní faisnéis, Triads 141 gl. (p. 39) . dogen fireolas duit I will guide thee, CF 26 . ná dén escar do not fall, O'Gr. Cat. 662 . dorinde doib faistine, BB 21a17 . in fégadh doróine Diarmaid darsan bhféice on D.'s looking across the ridge-pole, SG. 72 . do dheanamh foghlamtha to get training, RC xxix 110 . co nderna an ríghan a fáisidin till the queen make her confession, Imr. Brain i 65 . forcetol ba menciu dogníd Petar, FA 32 (LU). doronsat frithaire, Todd Nenn. 82 . doní Lassair araile gaitt irisech commits a certain pious theft, BColm. 84 . dognither guin galann d'Ailill a wound is inflicted on A., RC xxiv 186 . ní dergenaimse icc andso I cannot effect a cure, TBC-LL¹ 4387 . an tí nach deanann idhbuirt dona deibh, RC xxxiv 322 . dorinneadar imram they rowed, CF 32 . doronsad iomrámh, ML 44 . déna imthecht depart , SG 60 . déna ingeilt ois practise pasturage, KMMisc. 262 . an lucht doní ingreim don phobul who attack, RC xxxiv 308 . maoladh do dhenam to become bald, 3 C 19, 53 rb 1 . dodéna an mesrugud he will do judgement, ZCP viii 211 . cia dognéo móidim, Wb. 17c20 . isund dognither int ongath here the anointing is done, Thes. ii 251 . precept doroine S. abb Roma, FA 32 (Eg.). ronnaire .i. ronnad doni don biud, Corm. Y 1124 . slond gnimo dogni indidit the indicative conveys the signification of the action, Sg. 153a3 . dorinneadar sealbh dár mbuinne sriobhmall took possession of, 3 C 13, 897.13 . is me dorigni in seilgc séig who hunted the deer, SR 2869 . dorónsat selgad, SG 328 . doronsad sealga, RC xxiv 196 . ni derna riamh thochus he never scratched himself, Mart. Don. Oct. 21 . dénum ar sibal let us pursue our course, Hy Fiach. 218 . is écoir an smuaineagh (leg. -eadh) dorindius I was mistaken in my thought, Imr. Brain i 65 . doni se snam ar in olaid it floats on oil, 24 B 3, 94.24 . rón i. animal, on roṡnam doni, Corm. Y 1115 . tecmáil rim ge dorinde though he encountered me, Ériu iv 216 . dentar teichedh linn let us flee, BS 104 .

With obj. gen.: huare nach derni a adamrugad he cannot (express) admiration of him, Ml. 128c3 . dobretha M. filid ara chend, co nderntais a aerad ┐ a aithised that they might satirize and revile him, TBC-I¹ 2213 . ascnam ind ecna . . . dognitis, Alex. 807 , cf. Anecd. v i . is Patraic dorigne a mbaitsed P. baptized them, Hy. ii 16 Comm. ( Thes. ii 313 ). doníat a berbhudh ┐ a thomailt they cook and eat it, Marco P. 152 . doni bisec a dhorchadais increases , Ir. Astr. Tr. 90 . caemc[h]ód bachall dorónsatt they exchanged croziers, BColm. 84 . déni mo chobair, RC viii 152 . asbertatar fri Coinculaind dognithi (dognithe, LU) a chuitbed isin dunad that he was being mocked, TBC-I¹ 1639 . dermad na luirighi-sin dorondad, oir ni thuc leis o Ailich that corslet was forgotten, YBL 209a28 . dorag-sa co nderna-su mo dichendad, TBC-I¹ 1299 . dorigni in diliu a ndilgenn, SR 2724 . ní dénad écnach neich, Hy. v 5 Comm. ( Thes. ii 327 ). darónais a n-etargaire, LL 120b43 . dogéan-sa a ḟaillsiugad don rig I will reveal it, Todd Nenn. 96 . dena fothrucud, SR 1598 . ni dernai glanadh a gnúsi nó tonach a lāmh, CCath. 1170 . a gerrad dorindead a broind a mathar he was excised, Ériu ii 176 . trénfir dodigenat m'íarmoracht who will follow on my track, LU 10261 . dūs in foigebtais . . . nech doneth (sic leg.) a n-imditin anyone to protect them, SR 5564 . dena a impodh turn it, Moling 47 . doni mo ghnuis incosg mo chineoil my face proclaims my race, RC xxxiv 312 . mad indscuchud donead lucht na saith if . . . have gone away, Laws iv 174 Comm. dentar irgnam bid ┐ lenna, CRR 23 . dogentar liumm do leigheas, TE 10 (Eg.). dorinne a marcaighecht he rode it, Ériu v 190 . dognít a n-oegidecht la fer n-amra they stay with, LL 281a40 . atbertsat . . . na dingnetís a n-oirfited would not entertain them, PH 895 . doronad a n-orddugud, SR 82 . na léic uait in dana bocht | nó co nderna anocht a riar till thou have attended to his wants, SG 20 . dorinne M. ár seachna has abandoned us, ML 118 . rí dorigni scail int sluaig who scattered the host, SR 2769 . dén-sa do slondadh dhamh-sa tell your name, BS 102 . ronsnādat .i. donet ar sóerad, Hy. v 92 Comm. ( Thes. ii 348 ). dēca in ba teclaim na fertus dogena fá [a] n-imscothad whether you are to select the shafts or strip them, TBC-I¹ 782 . dena mo theagosc instruct me, ACL iii 241 . dena mo thinchosc, SR 1581 . dorigni tochmarc inna ecailse do Chríst he had wooed the Church, Tur. 48 . cibe uair dogentai tochmharc a hingine, Ériu iii 168 , cf. TE 9 (Eg.). dentar trial mo berthasa let an essay be made to tonsure me, Hy. ii Pref . ( Thes. ii 307 ). ní fail doruirme .i. doné a thurim, v 67 Comm. ( Thes. ii 344 ). Note also: do[g]ním-se . . . bheth ag denamh mo chloise (leg. chless?) ngoile, RC xxix 114 .

(iv) With nouns indicating sounds: crandord dogníd cacha nóna he used to bellow (of a bull), TBC-LL¹ 1538 . da nderna fogur . . . le n-a fiacla (of a sick person), 23 P 10, 3b42 . a dhoimh do[g]ni an fogharán that lowest, BS 80 . dorinneadar na cineadhacha fuaim, Psalms xlvi 6 . cad fá ndernais in gáire sin? why did you laugh? SG 239 . dorinne int aitheach geanus grainemhail gāire, Ériu v 180 . doronsat guba mor, Metr. Dinds. iii 483 . an úall-so doghniad na sluaig, Ériu i 103 .

(v) With bás or similar subst.: ni diṅgnea bás doibsiut acht intí dogéna bás dam-sa no man shall kill them unless he kills me first, TBC-LL¹ 432 . taiscter lib in cloidem so, | arm dá ndingantar ernmas, SG 252 . co rodergensat a aided killed him, RC xvi 156 ( Dinds. 144 ). co ndergenai a haided 'sin loch út she perished in that lake, SG ii 468 . déanam éag (= moriamur), TSh. 2371 .

(vi) With ceist discusses (an argument), pleads (a cause): ná derntar isin domnach ceist ná caingen, Ériu ii 200 . isi cet-ceist ┐ cet-imcomarc dorigm diabul isin domum, BB 16b45 . is ann doníatt gach ceistt cruaidh ┐ cach documal comairle, Maund. 21 .

With comairle takes counsel, holds a council: co ndernadh comairle ag maithib Dhál A. cia dorachadh, etc., BS 50 . g u ndernadh Aengus in ri | rena chairdib comhairli, BB 30b28 . ni mhaidh for Laigniu da ndearnat a comairle ann (sc. in a certain spot), RC xxiv 50 . Cf. (c) supra and II (d).

(vii) With cath or similar subst.: doronsad cath fearrdha they fought, ML 18 . ni digéon-sa comrac fris, TBC-I¹ 1647 ; 1304 , 2439 . coná dernum deibech, 2671 . dognítis forbais . . . ar oirrighaibh Erenn, SG 36 . nocho dentais gleic, LL 142b24 . dorinnetar gleó fíchda, Fianaig. 90 . dorinneadar an irghail co hingantach, CF 883 . dorín Brian . . . sluagh Mumhan made a hosting of Munster, O'Gr. Cat. 521 .

(viii) With subst. denoting agreement, compact, etc. (rather to be referred to this head than to II, such a subst. being regarded in Irish as a quasi-vn.): doronsat aentaig re Cruithnib, Todd Nenn. 42 . dogénsat bráthirse frisna túatha made an alliance with, ZCP viii 315 . dorondad brathairse iter firu Erind ┐ Alban, YBL 126b13 . dogeni cairdes fri suidiu, TBC-I¹ 2967 . rofrecart-sidhe . . . in dingne[d?] cairdes dosidhe would she grant him a truce, Anecd. ii 51 . dia ndernam caratrad, Imr. Brain i 43 . dogniat cōrai make peace, TBC-I¹ 1426 . denamm cotach is cardes, SR 1150 . na dénaid friu . . . cuibdi, cardes no clemnas, 4843 . doróine a chatach fria naomu Arann, SG 40 . digensat essomon, Anecd. iii 60 . dorigensatar síd, SR 5929 . mina dēnair sidh ris . . . dodhēn cogudh rit-sa, ZCP vi 49 . ní denta lá sída céin ba beo never a day's peace was made (with them), SG 49 . daróine ar síth . . . gan díth óige donn' inghin he wrought peace between us, ZCP viii 562 .

(ix) With nouns indicating respect, favour, etc.: dorinnidar gloire do Críst gave glory to, Lib. Flav. i 2ra2 . Ri dorigne . . . humalloit dia apstalaib, SR 7697 . fiadhaighis riasna clerchib ┐ dorona umhaloid doib, Hy Fiach. 38 . dorinne umhla dhó, Ériu i 93 . i n-ainm an aird mhic doghní grása, O'Gr. Cat. 545 . dorigne grása ar an duine uasal showed favour to, Eochairsg. 113 .

(x) With cáin, etc. = dobeir c. (for) levies: bid fáid . . . dingenai (dogenai, v.l.) soerc[h]ain for slabri, ZCP ix 453 . co nderna rí Locha L. cáin for cach tūeth, viii 316 . dorinneamarne seacht gcéad loiligheach ar mhuinntir F. we assessed . . . at seven hundred milch-cows, Maguires of F. § 78 .

(xi) Of a calling, art, etc., practises, plies, performs: ba hesnad ainm in chiuil dignitis na fianae, Corm. Y 562 . do[g]nídh Neiptis . . . cúiseach bind, Ériu iv 174 . is álaind, a macáin, in cluichi dogní, Ériu i 118 . oés dogní dán artists, Triads p. ix . dénaidh bhar nd(h)ána perform vour arts, Ériu iv 178 . dogénadsa elada, SG 274 . doronsat na hingena éladna inganta, PH 897 . etar fileda ┐ áis ndénma sairse artists, SG 212a11 .

(xii) holds, celebrates (a festival, etc.), observes, performs (a rite): feis Temrach gach tres bliadain . . . dognithi in tan sin go tenn | ag rígaib amra Eirenn, O'Gr. Cat. 578 . is leis dorónad feis Temrach ar tús, ZCP viii 325 . is amlaid dognithe in tarbfes, LU 3450 ( SCC § 23 ). oenach dogníthe la Ultu cacha bliadna, 3222 (§ 1). aenach Taillten do denom la rí[g] Erenn, RC xviii 275 . co ndernad mor-thinol clerech nEorpa co Torinis, Todd Nenn. 188 . dogníed mórdál Dromae Ceta la rígaib Éirenn, BColm. 54 . co ndéntais a n-airechta saidbre sédacha, Ériu iv 163 . mairg fearu Eirenn na denann feil Patraic, Lib. Flav. i 25rb38 . na hIudhail, as é lá doníd an féil, O'Gr. Cat. 309 . doní secht n-aifrinn ann, BColm. 82 . dogníat ord in domnaig etir salmu ┐ precept, Imr. Brain ii 285 . is cóir degurd do denam ann indiu to perform the proper service, Ériu i 44 . is lais dogníad urddu téchtai (of monks), 219 . acht co nderna se a trātha provided he observe the canonical hours, ACL iii 222 . is ann dogen mo trátha-sa, RC xiii 98 . antan dogni-som figild performs a vigil, Mon. Tall. 128 . ceni denae crosfigill, 138 . dogníd-som immon Michil lasin crosfigill he performs (recites) a hymn to Michael, 137 . l(o)nd sailm aurnaigi déulái . . . .i curp lai dusgnid-som the evening psalms of prayer he performs in the middle of the day, 129 . déna soiscél dúind read a gospel lesson to us, Imr. Brain 164 . as innte dorónsat an Chaissc celebrated Easter, AFM 1201 (iii 130) .

(xiii) Miscellaneous exx. in which there is either transference of obj. or extension of the meaning of the vb.: int shūil dogen-sa fris the look I will give him, TBC-I¹ 705 . dolotar na daimh fon dithreb . . . ┐ doronsat a[l]-lá ria n-aidhche did their day's ploughing, BNnÉ 39.13 . dorigset sét . . . do Ramissa journeyed , SR 3957 ; 4073 . donim slighi . . . ga n-iaraidh sin, Lib. Flav. i 21rb17 . fios na slighe[dh] dorinne Cúchullainn the road C. took, RC xxix 116 . do chaora dhuit . . . do[g]nim do bhreith breitheman I award thee thy sheep, ZCP xii 382 . doníd-sium a daithin gach n-oidci eats his fill, ZCP i 103 . cid indhí nad caodet (= chaithet) feoil dogres, dogniad pars isind Chaisc de feoil take a piece of meat, Mon. Tall. 132 . dochum na chuchdin dóib co ndenad cách díob and pars de feoil, ib. ní derna sé a shuipér farusan did not eat his supper with them, BNnÉ 114 . go ndernsat a medhon laoi took their midday meal, Fl. Earls 28 . doni na briathra-sa utters , Lec. 611a27 . doronsad . . . cainbriathra do righ Érenn, KMMisc. 313 . ised dorígne Alaxandir i n-a eipistil comdar casa . . . iat A. said in his letter that . . ., Alex. 719 . cid fogním cid fochésad dorróntar in hoc uerbo one can express oneself both in the active and the passive, Wb. 13d21 . an branar gan déanamh that the fallow-land was not upturned, PCT 1826 . mairg doghní branradh go bráth | is ann a dtráth gan chur shíl (`leaves land fallow'; upturns the fallow without sowing seed?), O'Gr. Cat. 614 . go bplannduighidh tú fíneamhain, ┐ nár dhearnaidh tú foghmhar uirre (= non vindemies eam, Deuteronomy xxviii 30 ), TSh. 9707 . in tan is ar logh dognithar dān doibh `when it is for a fee they are taught the art', Laws iv 236 . doróni Collanach légenn do Thaircell C. put T. to study, Moling 12 . dodhénuinn leighionn ┐ lánḟoghluim duit I would give thee learning and instruction, Ériu v 98 . an uair tainec am legind do denamh do Mhunda when the time came for M. to receive instruction. BCC § 161 . doníd áit leabhar dona tuat[h]adhaibh (images) take the place of books for the laity, Ó Héodhusa 143 . lochdach `maith' no `olc' a ttús chomhfhocuil; `deagh' ┐ `dagh' ┐ `droch' doní a n-ionadh, IGT Introd. § 97 . go ndearnadar bhur n-ionadhsa dhamh, 1 Corinth. xvi 17 . Note also: grian i n-Aquair . . . doróined im-mís Enair the sun has been placed (?) in Aquarius, SR 234 . ni den ciall uaim péin isin canóin `I will put no sense of my own into the canons', MS. Matthew 530 ( Lib. Flav. i 11va ).

(e) With vn. phrase, e.g. do-gní a láma do nige = do-gní n. a lám (the older construction, see (d) (iii) above): do chin huair nach atamar, | dogénat do clanna iar tain | dogres a cin d'imresain, SR 1407 . déntar leo . . . uan d'idpairt, 3899 . dorigni Iob . . . in slóg do rím J. numbered the host, 6817 . donidis a righ fein do marbad, KMMisc. 312 . go ndiongnadh críoch Laighean uile d'argain, Keat. ii 6341 . an altóir ar a ndeárnadh sé corp Chríost d'ofrálughadh, Eochairsg. 19 . in mac doróine d'idhpairt whom he offered up, RC xxxvii 348 . dá ndéanmaois ceart d'imirt oraibh, Maguires of F. § 61 . dorinne Flann aonach Tailltean do chommóradh, Keat. iii 3014 . an ndénta eich do reidhiughadh? would you break in horses? Ériu v 190 . dorine Carn Amhalgaidh do thochailt, Hy Fiach. 100 . nach ndéanair sinne bhéoghudh arís? wilt thou not revive us again? Psalms lxxxv 6 . a ferand lais in fer donither and do orgain the man who is trespassed upon, Laws iv 92 Comm. intan donither nōs nó dliged do nuaidiged, Marco P. 96 . dorónadh in lúithech catha sin do cumdach ac Brutus B. caused . . . to be constructed, CCath. 1809 . dorighneadh leo raona leathna do reidhiughadh they cleared broad passages, ML 130 . in ferann ima ndernad mac rig do marbad, RC xxvi 134 .

(f) With substantival clauses as obj.: dorigne Dia corbo mag mínscothach in móin, Hy. v 15 Comm. ( Thes. ii 329 ). dorigni Moisi. . . dia fleisc co mba glé-nathir turned his rod into a bright snake, SR 3853 (cf. II (g) below).

II Makes .

(a) creates, forms, constructs: doriṅgne Dia nem ┐ talmain, LL 1 . do thalmain do-t-riṅgned (said to Adam), 22 . in saer-denmaid domrigni, SR 2060 . si[u] dognetis aingil uais before the angels were created, 7853 . toingim don Righ domroighne, ZCP viii 221 . is and doronta in[n]a dúili, Ériu iii 116 . fria muindtir dorrigena the household He has made (i.e. the angels), Ériu ii 140 . oroit ar Thurcain lasa ndernad in [c]hrossa, Thes. ii 289 . digéni Cummen cétaig `made a mantle', 239.20 (Ardm.). is leis ar thus doronait failge óir, Rawl. 147a27 . dogní claideb craind, TBC-I¹ 940 . dogníat druidi ind rig . . . nathracha, SR 3849 . doroindi side armu doib, RC xxiv 196 . co ndernsat na héoin a n-nitu, Hy. v 19 Comm. ( Thes. ii 331 ). is e mod frisa mbitis cumala riasiu dorontais muilind before mills were made, Corm. Y 324 . fer dénma bairgine a baker, Sg. 184b3 . gu ndérna longphort ic druim nG., O'Gr. Cat. 5 . Breoghain . . . leis dorondadh Brigandsia Brigantia was founded (built), BB 21a40 . dogensad botha and, TBC-I¹ 903 . dena tegdais don Chomdid, SR 6880 . co nderndtais dóib eclais nglain, 4187 . dognithit eclais don clerech, LB 260a59 . oroit do Ultan . . . dorigni in caissel, Thes. ii 289 . caislen Cenanduis do denom la Gallaib, RC xviii 301 . drochet .i. drochsét .i. ara olcas int seta darsin-dentur across which it is built, Hy. vi 4 Comm. ( Thes. ii 350 ). doringset leasa (liassu, LU) fora loegaib, TBC-I¹ 908 . dognisedar liasa fa n-innilibh, ZCP viii 544 . is leis doronad clad Saxan, Todd Nenn. 62 . doronta a n-airlisi ┐ a rrigdúine ann, Corm. Y 883 . The name of the material, etc., of which something is made is introduced by DE: dorigne smirchomairt di chnamaib, TBC-I¹ 2869 . dia nderna don chriaid cheir when he made a plaster of the clay, SR 7683 . is di lus bīs forsnaib caircib dognither in chorcur buide, Tur. 115 ( Thes. ii 492 ). cid delg ni der[n]tar de not even a skewer can be made of it (wood), Trip.² 2284 . co ndernait limsa de secht ndabcha I made seven vats with it, Ériu iv 134 .

Under this head may be classed further: ní dene tenid ratha do not make a fire of fern, Ériu i 194 . co ndernai tenid dam, TBC-I¹ 461 . fobith doṅgníat cercol ocond ocbáil they make (i.e. describe) a circle, BCr. 18d2 ( Thes. ii 13 ).

(b) forms (by aggregation of units), constitutes, makes up: dorigne T. cath dia mhuintir formed his men into a battalion, SG 321 . doronsatar aen-cath dib, MR 142 . Mod. often with súas: déanamh nuimhre suas, Content. v 124 . a mesg . . . na leabhar . . . da ndearnadair suas a mbiobla of which they made up their Bible, Luc. Fid. 282 .

(c) prepares, gets ready: dorondad imda Domnaill for lár in righthaigi, Ériu v 232 . iomdha Ghiolla Íosa do dhéanam in-aon seomra ris féin, Maguires of F. 28 . gidh maith gach leaba . . . dorighnes seachnóin Eirenn each spot I have slept in, BS 154 . co ndernsat (argniat, v.l.) a muinter biadh doib, RC vi 174 . dentar praind ┐ tomaltus (a command), CRR 23 . tomaltas bídh ┐ leanna do dhénum do na cléirchib, SG 68 . denam seillne ind domnuch ni cóir laisim acht a ndenam riam he does not think it right to prepare an extra course on Sunday, Mon. Tall. 145 . fer dogní fleid, fer dia ndéntar he who gives a feast and he to whom it is given, Triads 94 . co ndernad fled do Brenaind, Hy. v 33 Comm. ( Thes. ii 335 ). doroindeadh coibflead mor do la ri dia thuathaib, YBL 138a8 .

(d) Of mental or abstract construction, makes, devises, frames: a ndliged dogniat gréic the law which the Greeks make, Sg. 40a7 . is i comairli dorigni Ioib, a mac . . . do chur a n-ifren the plan (resolution) Jove formed, TTebe 580 . conid hí comairli doroindi, tiachtain, etc., ZCP viii 276 . is olc . . . in comairli doníthi .i. ar marbad-ni, Ériu v 152 . dorinde an manuch drochcomairli an uair sin, BCC § 248 . Cf. exx. under I (c), (d) (vi) above.

(e) Of literary composition: Fland fer légind . . . issé dos-róna (author names himself in final stanza of poem), LL 184b19 ( Arch. Hib. ii 74 ). isind áer dorighne Nede mac A. do rig Connacht, Corm. Y 698 . dorónus doibh dua[i]n mbinn mbairdne, ACL iii 296 . dena dam doibh focra lethamnas, 295 . Fiacc Sleibte dorónai in n-imun-sa do Patraic, Hy. ii Pref . ( Thes. ii 307 ). dorigniset lāid, TBC-I¹ 2249 , cf. 2615 , etc. Níníne écess doríne in n-orthainn-see, Hy. iii Pref . ( Thes. ii 322 ). psaltar na rann . . . dorigni Oengus, SR title . is and doringni Conchobar in rethoric-se, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10 . dodhendais draidi tinchealda druad na n-agaid, BB 40a45 .

(f) Of linguistic or grammatical formation: ní Antoniolus dogní gl. Antonius, quod Antoniaster facit diminutivum, Sg. 49a5 . ní contulitus dogni gl. contulatus, 74a3 ; cf. 46a7 . 93b7 , 104b6 , 105b3 , etc. a nomine Aiax . . . co ndeni Aiacides, PCr. 15a1 ( Thes. ii 225 ). ní in -um dogní a neutur it does not form its neuter in -um, Sg. 206a3 , cf. 46b10 . is cumtubairt ced dogní a ngenitiu what their genitive makes (i.e. how . . . is formed), 99a2 .

(g) dogní x de y makes x of y = turns y into x: do gach bíud maith doni neim | a c[h]ur isin cli caithmig, ACL iii 238 . cindus fer dia ndenid-si deu? of what kind of men do you make gods? Wb. 8c11 . airchinnig . . . dogniat dona indmasaib selba sainrudcha who convert treasures into personal property, FA 25 (LU). trí sóir dogníat dóeru díb féin, Triads 167 . bid demon dogénai bec do mór, dogéna mór do biuc, ZCP ix 451 . din chloich dorigne saland, Hy. v 40 ( Thes. ii 338 ) (perh. the stone became salt, see (h) below). amal dorigne Dia dil | do fleiscc Moysi derbhnat[h]raigh, RC xxxvii 346 . doroighne dairmes do dhoire `caused mast to grow in the oakwood', KMMisc. 168 . dochotar triat chridi . . . co ndernsat crois de indut, TBC-I¹ 2811 . dogníter anmann dilsi díib amal doṅgnither dindhí as Romanus they become (are used as) proper names (`proper names are formed from them'), Sg. 35b13 . cach fear . . . da ndentair fochlac who is made a fochlac , Lec. 126b40 . dorighnedh uisce searbh da lionn, SG 28 . dorinneadh Pápa do Anastasius, Keat. iii 739 . dorigned duini dit thou becamest a mortal, ACL iii 242 . braighde Eirenn . . . secht rígh acht co ndernta de that they might become seven kings, ZCP viii 108 . Seldom with adj. (in subst. use?): mairg doni lán don lestar who fills the vessel, ACL iii 240 . dogéna sin fáilid díot-sa, SG 403 . With AS: as in Magnus dogníthær a ndede-sin .i. diles ┐ doacaldmach `Magnus' is used both as a proper name and appellative, Sg. 29a11 . With extension of meaning: gadaigi dogni dimsa you make me out a thief, Ériu v 234 .

(h) In Mid.Ir. the vb. in the preceding construction comes to be used impersonally: dogní x de y = y is turned into, becomes x . Possible exx. from the O.Ir. glosses are: amal nád ṅdéni neutur dindí as tiberis cia doberthar flumen fris as t. does not become a neuter even though f. be put beside it (?), Sg. 63a17 (`it does not make a neuter of T. that f. is put with it', Thes.). is bésad na mmuimme dogní deidbleán di oc munud á dalti, Wb. 24d11 (`it is the custom of the nurse to make a weakling of herself', Thes. For the construction in general cf. Wb. 4d15 ). brister na rama ┐ doni gadrach dia longaib, Aen. 243 . do oluind cillches dia ndene pell of which a blanket is made, Corm. Y 239 (= dia ndénat, LB). atá do mét a seca . . . co ndéin cristal da huisci its water turns to crystal, Maund. 137 . da curthaidi sliabh teinedh ann, doghénad oigre ┐ snechta de (= in glaciem verteretur), RC xxviii 320 . dorigni troich ṅdorchaid dé | co torchair i cath Giluáe, SR 6397 . doreprendset cóic bainne a méraib Pátraic ┐ dorónai cóic oíbli dib, Trip.² 121 . is dona deoraib romuidsedar uaithi dorindi in loch, RC xvi 146 . dorigne tir tairngire d'Erinn a n-a ré Ireland became the Land of Promise, CF p. 73 , cf. SG 90 . cor rothuit in ballán . . . co nderna brioscbhruar de, SG 403 . dochim . . . go nderna balbhan dibh that you have become mute, Luc. Fid. 284 . Éireannaigh díbh go ndearna so that they became Irishmen, Ériu v 62 . Muire don deilbh ar ndéanamh when the statue had turned into Mary, A. Ó Dálaigh l 28 . With adj. (in subst. use?): co nderna uathbásach n-ilrechtach n-ingantach de, TBC-I¹ 1928 (LU). doní degbhlasda deghbhalaidh dhibh, 23 K 42, 416.4 .

(i) dogní x i n- y = makes (changes) x into y (less common than the two preceding constructions): ní .o. in .i. dogní son it (`caro') does not change o into i (in obl. cases), Sg. 93b3 . dorignedh in duine i n-anmain na beoaigheadh (= factus est homo in animam viventem, a lit. transl. of Gen. ii 7 ), BB 16a15 . roloisc Roimh . . . is dorigne i lechtu converted it into a graveyard, Lec. 47a1 . an t-uisge do bhí déunta 'n-a fhíon, John ii 9 . an lá sin dorinneadh Ioruaith ┐ Píoláid 'n-a gcáirdibh dha chéile Herod and Pilate became friends, Luke xxiii 12 . an lucht doní | leithrígh orra 'n-a thréinrí[gh] who make out a half-king to be a perfect king, Content. xiv 46 .

(j) do-gní mór (bec, etc.) de makes much (etc.) of, accounts as: . . . ni denaim-sea baa desin I set little weight on that, TBC-I¹ 361 . ní dénaim deccair do ní | acht rodeónaig int airdri I count nothing too hard, Metr. Dinds. iii 386 . mogenair duine doni don tṡaegul uile neimní who holds the world as naught, ACL iii 221 . ní denam robríg de, TBC-LL¹ 859 = TBC-I¹ 361 . mór do-ghníd daoine dhíob féin, O'Gr. Cat. 555 . co tucat Laigin d'éislis sinn ┐ co ná dernat ní dinn, SG 410 . With AS: 'gan druing as a ndéine a lán the race of which you make such a lot, Content. v 67 .

(k) With adj. or equivalent as complement of pred., makes, renders (= Lat. reddit): do-m-ní driamail makes me melancholy, LL 146b49 ( PRIA xix 544 ). cid do-t-gni torsech?, TE 12 (LU). as é ni doni an t-aer cruinn, Ir. Astr. Tr. 18 . do-m-rigne losc lén sorrow has made me blind, LL 147a30 ( PRIA xix 548 ). gé go ndearnais geal é andé, | atá ina ghual féin aniugh though yesterday you made it white, O'Gr. Cat. 607 . dorinne sé ullamh é, Psalms vii 12 . ní dhernsam . . . dorcha lé dealradh briathar . . . briathra dealraighthe an Duilimh I have never obscured, Ó Héodhusa 4 . dorinneadar nocht mé, TSh. 9217 . nír chian go ndernadh an rig balb became dumb, SG 12 . With extension of meaning: méid na maslughadh dobheirid do Dhia an mhéid go ndéanuid breugach é make him out a liar, Eochairsg. 11 . With adverbial complement: nirbu cognomen acht darigni amin he made it one, Sg. 31b22 . co n-acca in tromchiaich . . . co nderna na tulcha amail insi il-lochaib, TBC-I¹ 3111 . is i so doni na plained co soimpaidtec makes the planets inclined to revolve, Ir. Astr. Tr. 120 . doní sé na dáine go conáigh makes prosperous, O'Gr. Cat. 259 .

(l) appoints, ordains, arranges: dorindi [Erimón] coicedaich ar Erind made provincial kings, Todd Nenn. lxv . a mbadar Laigin . . . oc denam rig a Temraig, Lec. 217a28 . doronsat inad coinne re chéile fixed a meeting-place, SG 11 . ar ndéunamh láe ris dóibh, tangadar mórán chuige when they had appointed him a day, Acts xxviii 23 .

(m) do-gní (claind) begets (FRI on): dona tri ballaib [f]uil acut da ndene cloind, Lec. 612a36 . Fachtna a athair ┐ is e dorigne Conchobur dar cenn Cathbaid, RC vi 178 . is iad dorigni Lugaid-tri-riab-nderg rena ṡiair, Ériu ii 174 . doroigne Mairt inn ingin Ermione re Uenir, TTebe 762 . is é dorinne an toirrches úd ría, Ériu v 164 . is e doroine in toirrcis sin fria, RC vi 175 . co ndernae da mac friu (of Lot), Rawl. 72a24 . fo clith doronad la Mac N. iat fri Fuinche, Fianaig. 4 . corob tre meirdreochas dorigned thusu, YBL 142a29 . hinn aidchi sin . . . dorigned rí na n-ech n-ard, ZCP viii 270 ( Rawl. 87b41 ). do nuimir clainni Dauida ┐ do hurd a ndenma the order of their begetting, Rawl. 73b7 . Rarely in meaning conceives: ingen dodngéna (sic leg.) fria hathair, ZCP viii 196 . ni hi cland na coluime, | cland fa deōid do dénam di | ar fēgad inn eoin eli, ACL iii 238 . Hence more widely breeds, increases (trans.): do greghoip . . . dogni eachraidh mór dona Rōmānchaibh, Fl. Earls 182 . fēr dogēna sil ┐ crann . . . dodēna torad (= herbam facientem semen et lignum faciens fructum, Gen. i 11 ). Lec. 528a27 . fuaratar cráin ┐ dā bhanbh dēcc . . . ionnus go ndernatar go lór do mhucaibh dīb bred, raised (?), BNnÉ 119 .

(n) produces, brings forth: déra dogníaad-san go dímór they shed abundant tears, ZCP viii 216 . cíamtis déra fola dognetís, FA 34 . roimhe nocha dherna neach | leth a nderna do dhéraibh, ZCP i 64 , cf. Mart. Don. May 14 . gibe doní fuil re n-a fual (= quicumque sanguinem mingunt). 23 K 42, 62.8 . doni an mac tire guth cíochanach, 3 C 22, 24a1 . guth fiaich leo ┐ as a n-adarcaib dognidis, Corm. Y 731 . Of natural phenomena: ceatha troma | doníd tonna thulcha Lēis the showers which the waves of the hill of L. make (?), CF 1024 (cf. 1004 ). nuchu dearna Dia fearthain for talmain (= pluerat, Gen. ii 5 ), BB 16a10 . ní dhearnadh fearthuin . . . feadh thrí mbliadhan it rained not, James v 17 . (fuinneóc) dusgni soillsi d'uile altoirip gives light to, Fl. Earls 250 .

(o) causes, gives rise to: mor doni domenma dhamh | an dogra roghabh an gheis causes me great sorrow, CF 1029 . idu ab idor (= ὕδωρ) .i. on fliuchaidecht doni a ngalar sin (of dropsy), Corm. Y 770 . doní mo deora duba | cruma ar tí m'feola (the thought) that worms shall eat my flesh begets my tears, ACL iii 216 . doní anāl maith ag neach (of a medicament), 23 K 42, 444.9 . asé in fín . . . is luaithi doni mesce causes intoxication, O'Gr. Cat. 216 . ní denann tart does not provoke thirst, 194 . acht go ndenuid tromdhacht isin cheann, 23 K 42, 72.13 . gach duine atchíodh iad, doníodh galar dhóibh it would make them ill, Keat. iii 3403 . dia ndeine galar gabail ara fual, Mon. Tall. 147 . dogénad galar duit sirligi lying abed would make thee ill, LU 3590 ( SCC § 30 ). dodhéan-sa míodhuaill ar sin I shall cause horror thereat, Ériu i 18 . gach easlainte donithear o lionadh caused by repletion, 23 K 42, 17.14 . neasgóit doníter o adhbur neimneach, 23 P 10, 4a31 . isé ní o ndentur an crith sin ┐ in spasmus , 4a15 . adeir G. co ndenter stranguiria o moran do modhaibh, 30b36 . Cf. do-gní domenma is dejected , do-gní mesce becomes intoxicated , II (d) above.

(p) wins, gains, obtains: doronsat Gaedil . . . bruid ┐ creith took captives and spoils, Todd Nenn. 172 . a ccreacha ┐ a n-edála arna ndénamh ┐ arna ccruinniughadh, Ériu v 76 . doni sin ríghe da réim secures the sovereignty for his line, Rel. Celt. ii 230 . gurbh' usa dhóibh cíos do dhíol ┐ do dhéanamh to `raise' the rent, PCT 1757 . mithigh duid dénamh carad time for thee to make a friend, IGT Decl. ex. 414 . Cf. further: dénasa in dara leth don Mide co mbad tairise . . . duit i (`so handle the one half of Meath'?), SG 403 .

(q) In sense of imm-déni proves, demonstrates: cid dogní latsu . . . conid breg he?, IT iii 201.9 . dogniat fiadhuin co follus cunud . . ., Laws ii 62.8 Comm. imdenat . . . .i. doniat, 326.23 Comm. ge daniter ar naill though they are proved by oath, iv 288.9 Comm. co nderntá enech na Troianda, TTr.² 1236 . do ní nonmar la heisinnraic a fuil for innraic, O'Curry 307 ( H 3.18 169 ).

III As intrans. vb.

(a) Used as extension of I (a) does, acts: déna amal as adlaic let, FB § 62 . amail rocinnsemh . . . is amlaid dognem, RC xiii 29 . ronertais dam-sa co ndernain hi cutrummus frim cheliu thou hast encouraged me to do like my fellows, PCr. 2a2 ( Thes. ii 225 ). meni dérntais dar fócra lest they should act against (beyond) the decree, Ériu iv 94 . dodhéanmaoid-ne uime sin amhail doghníomaoid re gach docamhail oile, MR 62 . doronsat fon n-indus[s]in, Todd Nenn. 96 . dogniset amhail conaitecht Ó Domhnaill, Hugh Roe 102 .

(b) With AR (later also FOR) obeys, acts according to the wish or advice of. Orig. trans. as in first two exx.: as dénti ní airriu they are to be obeyed, Wb. 15a23 (see Thes. p. 51 ). dogéntar airiut, BDD² 215 . dia n[d]ernta-su form-sa if thou wouldst take my advice, TBC-LL¹ 1802 . da ndeirnta orm-sa, Cog. 200 . da ndearndais orm allmaraig, do fuicfidís do in conair, MR 174 . ní derna an rechtaire fair, BColm. 58 . dlomaid dóib asind ferunn ┐ ni densat fair, SG 234 . ma dogneithi eram-sa, Anecd. ii 53 . ni dingentar fort-sa, 50 . creud ma ndubhairt linn deunamh uirre to obey her (the Church), Luc. Fid. 365 .

(c) With LE (RÉ) deals with, acts towards (mod.): déan réd' shearbhfóghantuigh do réir thrócaire, Psalms cxix 124 . dorinne tú go maith léd' shearbhfóghantuigh, 65 . deun go mín leis an mbocht, GJ v 85 .

(c 1) With TAR does without, neglects : do-ghéanadh cách tar an gcois 'men would overlook the foot' Éigse xxxvii 98 § 5 . móide as deacair déanamh thort, DDána 99 § 17 . deacroide dhúinn déanamh thairis, O'Hara 2863 . mithidh dhúinn gan déanamh thort, Aithd. D. 153 § 7 . ní héidir dhúinn déanamh thort, 292 § 18 . aithne an neith tar nach éidir leis dénamh do shíor, IGT Introd. § 3 . déanamh thort ní tualaing sinn, Dán Dé 32 § 8 .

(d) Folld. by prep. or adv. denoting motion, makes for, goes (orig. with ellipse of vn. expressing motion, see O'Rahilly, Celtica 1 318 ff . ): dogeni L. for a āth came on to his ford, TBC-I¹ 836 (dagéini .i. tic, LU). Common in later Mid.Ir. and mod. lang.: tréig do thalamh duthchais, déin ar choiste Lundain, O'Rah. xxiv 26 . dénam dár ttoich, Ériu iv 54 . denum d'innsaighi Serluis let us go to meet, Fier. 117 . denum isteach da fēgain, Lib. Flav. ii 6ra35 . déanam thairis don taobh budh thuaidh let us cross, ML 72 . déanam súas go slíabh an Tighearna, Isaiah ii 3 . déunuigh romhaibh ar an ndubhaigéun, Luke v 4 . dogene atúaid came from the north, RC xiii 221 (B. na f.). go ndearnadar go réimdhíreach gus an bhfásach, Keat. iii 1013 . dorónsad na cathmhílidh a gcoinne ┐ a gcomhdháil a chéile, PCT 551 . léicit amach sa ffairrge iat do denomh ar in Spainn gach ndīrech, Fl. Earls 10 .

(e) Various uses with prepp.: congaib-side a chrícha cen choscru, cen chernu; ní déni di neoch, ní déni nech de he takes from none, ZCP xi 86 . secnadh gach uili fin . . . ┐ denadh re huisci meala let him be satisfied with, 3 C 19, 94 ra 4 . aithne an neith tar nach éidir leis dénamh which cannot be done without, IGT Introd. § 3 . gan bheithe bogtha do rádha innti tar nach éidir dénamh san ogham, § 1 .

2 étarisse

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 étarisse or dil.ie/20722

 

n n, f. (taraissiu) unfaithfulness, disloyalty; distrust: creted cen amarcus ┐ cen etaraisi without doubt and without wavering Todd Lect. vi 24.5 . cuic bliadni deec pende fo bithin na etorisen sin `for that unfaithfulness' Ériu ii 222.19 . ar n-etairisi-ne acut that you hold us untrustworthy CCath. 633 .

fecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fecht or dil.ie/21408
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fecht, fectae, fechta, fecta, fecht, infectso, ind[ḟ]ectsa, indectso, fodechtsa, fhecht

n ā, f. later also m., sometimes n. (? 1 fichid Bretha 60 ): n s m. in fecht (Ib) CRR 15 ( LL 173b ). g s f. na fectae , Wb. 33a20 (Ia). m. or n. ind fechta , SR 6447 .

I A course, journey, expedition , usually one in which a number of persons participate and often of a hostile enterprise.

(a) In general sense: feacht .i. turas, O'Cl. fecht a uecho (= veho ?), O'Mulc. 505 . hore rombu thoissech na fectae (of Moses leading the Israelites) Wb. 33a20 . dorala drem do Bretnaib Sratha C. for f.¤ dochum a mbráthar .i. co Bretnu Armuirc Letha, Trip. 16.8 . luid Srú sair for f.¤ dochum na Scithia, LL 130b45 . is baeth do ḟeacht | isin maigin i ta do ḟert, TBC-I¹ 1565 . dochúaid feacht buadha ... | suas go tech an Duilemhan, BNnÉ 287.1 . eser ní re ndol ar f. ¤ , ZCP vii 269.21 ; 'you shall eat something before going on a journey', ZCP xxix 104 . ros-biadh mor do scelaib atfesedh for a f.¤ (the sun) would have many tales to tell on its course Ériu ii 126.1 . roslín mertain ... dia fechtaib o tir diles, SR 3446 . f.¤ féile a journey of (free) entertainment, visit of hospitality (properly an occasion of hospitality belonging to II below UR 122 ), mentioned as an example of `fled deoda,' O'Dav. 954 . (dist. from the customary entertainment which was due to the lord according to terms of service): biatha fechta féile .i. aoidhechta aonaidche, no aon lae doberar do gradh uasal in leth nach táinic riamh, ┐ a techt le toisc deithbhire ┐ a biathadh iarna lín ┐ iarna dáimh ┐ iarna uaisle, O'D. 679 ( H 3.17, 497 ). Laws iii 18y Comm. biad fechta feile, i 126. 23 Comm. ii 26.13 Comm . is fri gnathles do in cethrurso, ar is ochtar do for a daim fechta feile, Irish Texts iv 23.13 . curup ed tig in grad flatha da tig .i. fer for a lan-daim .i. in tan is for fecht feili, no fer for a leth-daim, in tan is fria gnāith-leasa, Laws v 42.16 Comm. a lan-dam maraen re gach nduine ... for fecht feli do tig a comgraid ib. 20 . Cf. asrimgaib in fili dāma (.i. fechta fēle) asa thig, ZCP xv 334 ( xvi 222 ). Rendered `a (one) night's entertainment' Laws Transl. pass. srethugud a dáme for fecht féle .i. cétadaig aigidechta duni do thig a cheli conid lánbiathad dliges iarum in n-aidchisin acht corop deithbir no n-imluade. ┐ a biathad iarna dáim ┐ iarna grad ┐ iar n-úasli ┐ iarna lín. Gnáthless im. dó cech tan rachas o sain immach. ni dlig acht lethbiathad ┐ ni dlig cid éside menip ra deithbir dig, LL 187a44 ff . cia līn dām na firfhiled | for feacht fēili, for caī cuir | for gnathlessaib, for fledaibh?, Auraic. 2221 . ceathrur ar fichit ... fecht feili ollaman righ, 2224 .

(b) a raid or hosting: a fecht ┐ a slóged la firu Erend ... a cāin ┐ a cobach la firu Alban (of the obligations of the Scottish Dál Ríata) LU 375 . ro saertha clerig Erenn ar f.¤ ┐ sluagad, Fél. 4. 7 . mnāu do hsoerad ... ar fegt, ar sloagath, Cáin Ad. 6 . techt ar cenn catha ..., fechta ┐ slōgaid, 3 . Lúagni ... | cen dola ar fecht lem, LU 9949 . ... is he sin ... fecht dia romarbad Saól the hosting whereby Saul was slain SR 6432 . fer d'aes ind fechta one of the invaders 6447 (cf. d below). ba fās fri fianna fecta warrior-bands (g s. as attrib. ?) LL 6a6 = Keat. i p. 168 .

(c) a fight, attack, assault (? original meaning Bretha 60 ): fíchset co ferda a fechta `their fights' Metr. Dinds. iii 150.7 . Fintan ... fecht fland `of bloody battles' ii 12.45 = LU 4161 . gai ... feras feochtu, LL 12b44 = feachdo, BB 39b30 ( IT iii 61 , 62 ).

(d) transf. of persons making a foray, a (marauding) band: Cland Meic D. do teacht feacht Albanach ar tarraing Meic U. `with a band of Scots' AFM v 1488.7 . ro tionoil [Ó N.] ... fecht adhbhal Albanach, 1352.17 . tanaicc go ffeacht mor Albanach lais, 1540.7 .

(e) in chevilles, course, proceeding (?): baí Dauid ... inna thig fo míad, f.¤ ṅgúr, SR 5947 . co mbái i nOchain, f.¤ co n-uaill, Metr. Dinds. ii 20 . aeinis Senan tes ind-ailen Ard N. ... ba feacht feidhil `an enduring battle' Lism. L. 2105 . (f) military service ( The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 111 ): is la rīg Laīchsi Rēta trā a fecht, Corp. Gen. 93 (Rawl. 127 b 13) . cen chobach cen fecht cen [sh]luaged, Notitiæ as Leabhar Cheanannais 10.10 .

II A time, occasion = Fr. fois, Germ. Mal; cf. similar use of W. gwaith and in later Ir. of dul, turas; in this sense appar. always neut. or masc. For transition of meaning cf. is é-seo mo chétḟecht latsu; bud é mó ḟ.¤ dedenach co mbrunni ṁbrátha, TBC-LL¹ 1207 (mo cetturus et mo cetfeacht St), where Wind. translates mein erstes Mal ... mein letztes Mal, but the sense may perhaps be `expedition, chariot-ride.' Usually as adverb or in stereotyped phrases, rarely with prep. (except when compounded with an adj.: isin cetfecht, PH 3630 ; i n-oénfecht, see below): frithṡecnap for f.¤ an alternate vice-abbot (?) on occasion ZCP v 499 § 3 . fecht (absol.) on a single occasion, once: Cluain ... do argain fo thri; ... f.¤ o Síl nA. ┐ fo dó hó Callraidhi once by S.A. and twice by C. RC xvii 390.25 . ar na hathleagad fecht for a sé resmelted seven times CCath. 4679 . once (on a time) = Lat. olim, quondam: robámarni f.¤ co cátaid acut LU 3917 ( SCC 43 ). bali i teigtis f.¤ fir whither men used once to resort IT i 158 ( LL 154a46 ). cathair oirechuis isidhe do Thartraidibh fect riam formerly Marco P. 28 . ni raibhi rí forro fect riam ` theretofore ' 29 . denaid umhla ... isin bethaidh n-aili amail doronsabair feacht riamh ` before ' 35 . o do marbad P. Seon fecht riam doberat, etc. `ever since P. John was killed' 46 . Similarly in the phr.: f.¤ roboí (folld. by main clause): f.¤ robai luid araile manoch once upon a time a certain monk went Mon. Tall. § 66 . f.¤ ro búi damsae domchaomnacuir airisem I once chanced to stay § 45 . Cf. fechta for nia nem (.i. in tan noragad in trenfer for nem) `at the time the champion (should go) to heaven', (`may be g s. ... as advb.', Stokes) ACC 115 ( RC xx 282 ). f.¤ n-and (n-óen) once upon a time, on one occasion = Lat. olim (see Thurneysen, KZ lvii 72 ff ): dorochoir f.¤ n-and iarum do B. denam na fledi, IT ii 173.9 . f.¤ n-and baí ... oc fennad loíg, LL 260a16 ( IT i 71.14 ). f.¤ ann testa tarb do indilib Gargain, PH 6301 . f.¤ and foidid ... a manchu do buain choeluig, Lat. Lives 110 . fecht n-and do Ultaib i nEmain Macha once when the Ulstermen were in E. LU 9177 ( FB 91 ). fect and do Mártain ina recles taet demun chuci, RC ii 396.21 ( LB 60b56 ). búi C. ... ind Emuin M. fect n-oen ann, IT i 136.17 (Eg.). feacht n-aen da roibhhe Cond ... a Teamraig, Ériu iii 150.3 . fect n-oen do Ailill ┐ do Meidb ... arrecaim comrad ... eturru, TBC-LL¹ 2 . f.¤ n-aile (n-aill) another time, on another occasion: fecht n-ali luid S. do A., Trip. 240.21 . f.¤ n-aill forréccaig Mac R. in mag a second time TBC-LL¹ 5041 . fect aile do M. ina recles taet demun chuci, RC ii 396.27 ( LB 60bz ). f.¤ and is lethan, f.¤ aile is cumung at one time ... at another PH 3996 . dála an chléirigh eacht eile 'like the cleric on another occasion', Giolla Brighde 34 § 21 . On a former occasion (= Fr. autrefois): atchuala lib in mac ṁbec sain f.¤ n-aill i Cruachain, TBC-LL¹ 844 . rí rogabustar rígi for Erinn fecht n-aill, Anecd. v 17.22 = Ériu ii 174.3 . faidhis Magnus C. fecht n-aill techta, Marco P. 24 . do bi rí uaibrech ... ara tir sin f.¤ n-aill, Maund. 131 . cidam bocht ... indiu baam bannrighan ... echt ele, D IV 2, 71[61]r a 3 . With art: in cetna f.¤ ... in f.¤ n-aili the first time ... the second time TBC-I¹ 3106.09 . imun Michíl inddalae f.¤, immon Muiri a f.¤ n-aild, Mon. Tall. § 30 . nolinged i n-arddi in f.¤ n-aile ... no theiged in f.¤ n-aile isin talmain at one time ... at another LU 9138 ( FB 88 ). indara f.¤ ... in f.¤ n-aill at one time ... at another LU 1978 . Cf. atracht Isu indala f.¤ isin pelait a second time PH 2638 . an dara feacht, TSh. 316 . an dara feacht, is follus ... in the second place; again Eochairsg. 22.28 . ba marb aenfhecht ... atbela in f.¤ tanaise a second time PH 1245 .

in (a, ind) f.¤ sa (the word is in the adverbial case, in, being acc. of the art., ind the dat.; a (hi, i) is apparently the neut. acc. art., though hi, i, may be prep. Cf. the exx. below without art.), on this occasion, now, passing later into sense henceforth: in f.¤ sa this time, now Sg. 11a4 . BCr. 18b10 , PCr. 62a2 . in f.¤ so, Sg. 20b4 , 153b3 . in fectsa (nunc) Wb. 9b20 . infectso, 3c13 . 7c5 . ind[ḟ]ectsa, 3a7 (opp. to `riam') 3c22 . nitat pecthi collnidi híccatar and indechtso, cebtar hé riam, 4a8 . indectso, 4d3 . (opp. to `cosse'). tecat don chomram a fecht-sa, IT i 105.1 (LL). 128.28 ( LU 10785 ) = fodechtsa, Eg. hi fecht-sa cinnas dothíagat, LU 8703 ( FB 53 ). BColm. 56.22 . is rí Ulad Conchobar i fechtsa, MU² 108 ( LL 262b17 ). TBC-LL¹ 1168 . i fectsa, 718 . congab i fechtsa forsind fit sin cot'ēc henceforward Mon. Tall. § 60 . iar tiachtain do Adamnan hifecta ni gatar a forgall, etc., Cáin Ad. 4 . Maithi tra, a A., or sí, hifechta is duitsiu doratath mnā ... do hsōerath, 11 . ērigh suas hifecta as t'ochlach, 15 . a bfechtsa, BColm. 62.21 . cid dogena fecht-sa what wilt thou do now? LU 3372 ( SCC 16 ). nā bíd ar n-airfitiud fechtsa ... i n-arsaidecht na tol collaide henceforth PH 5280 . misi dobēra bíathad duit ... fechtsa co bráth, BColm. 62.9 . is ed ráides Foachtach i fechtso, Ériu xi 45.11 = i bhfechtsa, Ériu xiii 46.24 . See festa and fo-dechtsa.

cach f.¤ each time, every time: Laws iii 282.24 . gach feacht, Keat. Poems 1598 . cach la (re, ra; see 1 aile) f.¤ every second time, alternately: rannfaider in rigi cach re f.¤ eter a clannaib the kingship will be held by their (Brian's and Fiachra's) children in turn RC xxiv 174.20 . comdūchus cirt Casil cach ar (leg. ara or ra) f.¤ doibsin, Cog. 54.12 . gac re ffecht, 212.19 . gurab dóibh ... budh chóir ríghe M. gach ré bhfeacht, Keat. iii 4362 .

oínḟecht once for all; on one occasion (only): used in Glosses to transl. Lat. semel Ml. 138b8 . 34a9 (oinecht). oinecht a ppecad amal [as] n-oinecht rombebe colinn Crist (gl. mortuus est semel) Wb. 3b3 . mad oenfecht tra nom-gairfea, ni fhrecer-sa dó if he calls me only once PH 1495 . is aenfhecht rochés Crist, 5203 . mad daríus Emain oenḟecht if once I reach E. TBC-LL¹ 1208 .

i n-oínḟecht at the same time, simultaneously = Lat. simul: nach ḟacfed a da céili for talmain i n-oenḟ.¤ , IT i 81.23 ( LL 261b19 ). naro epled sib uli i n-oenfhecht, PH 2832 . co ndechudar a n-enfecht ┐ na T. isin Teibh they and the Thebans entered Thebes together Stair Erc. 741 . go mbiadh dúil ag duine i gcraos ┐ i ndrúis ... ┐ a rádh go mbiadh grádh do Dhia i n-aoinfheacht riú aige that he would love God along with them TSh. 399 . i n-aoinḟeacht sin is biadh da ḟreastal ... táinig ... at the same moment that food was served Keat. iii 1009 . cruinnighid ... a naóinḟeacht am aghaidh gather themselves together against me Psalms lix 3 .

Seldom in pl.: is mor fhecht rom-sáraig many a time PH 3823 . .xl. míle tighidis, xl. fect is aitreabhthaigh don chathair forty thousand forty times is (the number) of inhabitants Marco P. 139 . teora f.¤ gach aonaighidh three times every night Stair Erc. 122 . teora f.¤ ro thrascair E. ... hé, 2400 .

fégad, féc(h)ad, dégad, déc(h)ad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fégad, féc(h)ad, dégad, déc(h)ad or dil.ie/21448

 

Forms: féchain, fécsain, feghad, fegtha

n u, o, m. (vn. of fégaid). Other forms which occur are fégain ( féchain ), fésgain (fésc(h)ain), fécsain, etc., q.v. See IGT, Verbs § 93 . Cf. déicsiu.

(a) looking at, beholding, scanning, (often implying close observation or examination), with obj. gen. or FOR: na treoit chairach ... | ic fegad na flesc, SR 2962 ( Gen. xxx 39 ). in fegad fégfatsa for na echaib, TBC-LL¹ 1343 (= an ḟechain dobersa St). pa forgranna an fegadh ┐ an frithailiom dorat cach dib for a celi (of two combatants) FB 40 Voss. ( ZCP iv 170 ) = feghad , Eg. ( IT i 273n .). ba foruallach ... an feogad (feghadh, feccad v.l.) dobertsat ... for a mbidbadaib, CCath. 2841 . ros fuc leis ... do fegad flatha nime, LU 1968 ( FA 3 ). rogab etere ... in n-ingin oc fegad Manandán, LU 3958 ( SCC 45 ). ní caomhnactar a feughadh ... leisna ruithnibh ZCP v 495y . ragab C. ac fegad Fir D., TBC-LL¹ 4059 . atnaig in cáinte ica ḟégad the satirist fell to looking at it (or him) LL 300by ( Bor. 51 ). do bhí ... ica ḟégad co fada gazed at it a long while Acall. 2268 . is ferr damsa dúl d'ḟegad in tslúaig, LL 302a31 ( Bor. 73 ; do dechain v.l.). t'imthacht fria f.¤ co fír | doridnacht Dia do Dauid to be looked upon (?) SR 6503 . cinnas atú-sa acut frim ḟegad ? what is your opinion of me from looking at me ? TBC-LL¹ 1850 (= cret í do doic[h]si asam ar mfechain duit St). ro líon ferg | in merrdhamh ... | re fegadh chon ngeal, Duan. F. i 32.13 . iar lessugud a llong ... ┐ iar fegad in mara im ḟéth ┐ im ḟostacht ┐ im glaini gaíthi, LL 230b12 ( TTr. 982 ). tancas asin sídh dá ḟégad gá lín do bádar, Acall. 1782 . gainem Mara Romair ... ┐ gainem Maro Rúaid | iarna fégadh sin uli, do dénam na tāthluimi after being examined (sifted) ZCP v 504.17 . Cf. mad ... dallṡinechus is a leith do īc gidbe aīs a mbia mana blicht for a seilb hi. Ocus ni uil in fegad sa for dairti no colpthaigh itir (of compensation for defects in cattle), O'Curry 1040 . 1099 (feghadh). 651 ( H 3.18, 435 . 446 . 315 ). g s. dar trealmaib timtirechtae ... a fegtha `the gear that served his sight' (i.e. the opening in the vizard for seeing) CCath. 4702 . fuigheall feagtha firinne `a sentence founded on the examination of truth' ML 108.4 . laoich nách faghthair fear a bhféachaidh `whom no man is found to face' TD 10.10 .

(b) transf. of that which is seen: aingil, apstail, ard fegad (: sénad) a noble sight (.i. is ard in fegad fegad angelorum ) Hy i 44 . inann finde ┐ f.¤ their fairness and their looks were alike Metr. Dinds. iv 232.15 .

(c) considering, taking into account ; here, perhaps: adropart Noe ... edpart ... don Coimdid, fri fegad cach druing dorhell in consideration of (?) all who had erred SR 2619 . cen fegadh muigi na inbleogain `without regard of place or kinsman' Laws i 192.24 Comm. cf. da ba dec orro sin ... ┐ a fet[h]amlac[h]us do ḟeghadh ar na danaib ele, v 94.2 Comm . i (ic) f.¤ (with gen.) in view of, in comparison with: is nemni sin i condiulg ┐ i fegad na péni fessin, LU 2752 ( RC xxv 254 ). i fégad ┐ i coṅdiulg cech dána rothídnaicc Dia ... is diasnéte in tidnacul tuc indíu ..., PH 5450 . nír bo ní trá in teclamad-sa ... ic fegad in tinóil dariacht a hinsib Mara T., LL 232a41 .

frithissi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. frithissi or dil.ie/24509

 

Forms: (f)ridis(s)i, ris(s)i, rís, dorissi, dorithisi, frithisi, frithisi, ḟrithissi, dorís, aḟrithissi, arís, doridise

n later also (f)ridis(s)i, and with contraction ris(s)i, rís. a s. of fritheis < frith-éis ` return track ' (see Strachan, ACL i 230 ).

I In O.Ir. used with poss. pron. corresponding to the subject of a vb. of motion: 1 sg. co tīs ... mo f.¤ till I come back RC iii 346x ( Aisl. Óeng. p. 63 ). co ndechus mo risi TBC-I¹ 1304 (= mo rísi Eg.; dorissi LU). 2 sg. do téis dorissi thou shalt return LU 5772 (= dorisi, TBC-I¹ 1301 , dorithisi Eg.). toi ... do frithisi, LU 5667 . 3 s. m. tintaí a frithisi he returned LU 5664 . doluid in biail a rithissi ar chenn in[na] samthige, Tur. 131 . huand uair nunda bertatar co tanaic á f.¤ till it [lit. she, arca] returned Ml. 82d9 . 1 pl. ara tísam ar frithisi that we may return LU 4509 . 3 pl. a tabirt a f.¤ as in doiri their being brought back from the captivity Ml. 131c17 . Amhlaiph ┐ Imar do thuidecht a frithisi do Ath C. a Albain `A. and C. came again to Ath C. from Alba' AU 870 . conrictís a ffrissi, LU 5700 (= a frithsie Y, hi frithisi, Eg. with conf. of i n- and a n-. Cf. last cit. in II a, below).

adv II Middle Irish forms and uses.

Both do ḟrithissi (dorísi, dorís) & aḟrithissi (arísi, arís) early become petrified forms used indiscriminately without regard to number, person or gender. When f, or ff is written it is seldom certain, and in later MSS. unlikely that any specific personal form is intended by the scribe (any more than in modern times it is felt in `arís'). In consequence of the general confusion of unstressed final -e, -i the final when retained is often written -e ( doridise : glé, SR 1412 ). The original meaning of the phrase is lost sight of, and mere repetition is commonly expressed.

(a) in the reverse direction, back (to the same place), used with verbs of motion: no forcongrad furre co n[d]igsed ar cúlu doridisi cosin corp ... asar escomloi, LU 2251 ( FA 31 ). for a chulu ... ni thanic doridise, SR 2556 . toi forsna heochu ... dofrithisi turn the horses back LU 5667 . dothoet ina frithlurg afri[t]hisi i tir nU., Trip.² 412 (= convertit iter suum ad regiones U. Ardm. 5a ). dolotar ... dochum nErind doridis fora culaib, Lec. Facs. 276ra42 . tecait ... secht srotha ... dorís isin topur, Metr. Dinds. iii 288 . Similarly with other vbs. to denote a reverse process: in Rí dorósat a chrí | ro fuirim a frithisi, Metr. Dinds. iv 242 = hi f.¤ , BB 410a46 . Cf. doeth [impers.] chucai hi f.¤ TBC Eg. ( ZCP ix 148.4 = a f.¤ , TBC-I¹ 1126 , a fridisi, LU 5607 ; cf. 5700 cited at end of I).

(b) again, once more (of repetition) : dodilgfitis dō ... a chinta doridise, SR 1412 . robamar ni fecht co cátaid acut ┐ no bemmís dorisi dia mbad ail duit, LU 3917 ( SCC 43 ). nocon imbēra som for Ultu a cles sin dorísse, LU 5136 (doríisi Y doridisi Eg.). dosrimchell aridisi fa thrí in cruth sin, 6511 . samail in catha catharda ro gníead etir M. & S. do gnim doridisi, CCath. 912 . co ro hathcumdaiged Hierusalem ... doridise les, Lec. Facs. 25vb38 = co ro chumtaiged ... aridisi, Rawl. 74a10 .

(c) again i.e. subsequently, afterwards: conid uaithib sin rogeineastair tri saerclanda Erind doridisi (after they had been nearly exterminated), Lec. Facs. 186ra21 . doriṅgni in tres gním isin bliadain ar cind doris, TBC-LL¹ 1069 . dorinneth Papa ... don treas Bonefacius ... don cethrumad Bonefacius aris, ZCP xiii 184.18 . gach ní atchluinim ... fá bhfuighinn guais ... arís anything ... which might be dangerous to me afterwards Dán Dé ix 6 .

Passing into sense in addition: tri bliadnai xxx tri mís ┐ ix lathi dorís ... soegal Meic De, LB 146 marg. inf. Cf. is mór a lobra ... Mad a máthair ... is lobru sidi doridisi she is even feebler (than her daughter) Trip.² 269 .

With added implication of in return, in requital: romarb Aed Sláini Suibne, ro fhácaib sen mac .i. Conall ... conad é sin romarb Aed S. doridisi, SG 75.2 = YBL 171b44 . marbaid side a brathair ... ┐ romarb a mac side doridhise (i.e. his brother's son killed him) Lec. 36b40 .

gaibid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gaibid or dil.ie/25119
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: gaibim, gabimm, gaibiu, gaibid, gaibthi, gaib, gaibit, gabit, gaibde, gaba, rogba, gebaid, gebat, gabsu-sa, rongabus, gabais, gabis, rogab, gaibthir, rogaibther, gaibtir, gabthar, gabthe, rogabad, rogabath, rogabtha, gabthi, gabaid, gebsa

v see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 527 . O.I. Pres. ind. 1 s. gaibim, Thes. ii 2.35 . gabimm, Wb. 16d4 . gaibiu, Trip. 54.14 . 3 s. gaibid, Wb. 9a3 . Ml. 64c12 . (with pronom. suf.) gaibthi, Sg. 26b7 . ni gaib , Wb. 3d8 . 3 p. gaibit, Sg. 200b10 . gabit, Ml. 38a8 . rel. gaibde, 76a16 . Pres. Subj. 3 s. gaba, Wb. 28a20 . rogba, 15d40 . Fut. 3 s. gebaid, Wb. 8a7 . 3 p. ni gebat , 4c8 . Pret. and Perf. 1 s. gabsu-sa, Thes. ii 291.7 . (ceín) rongabus , Wb. 23b18 . 3 gabais, Thes. ii 238.16 . gabis, i 495.1 ( Ardm. 77a1 ). rogab, Wb. 2c21 . Pass. Pres. ind. s. gaibthir, Wb. 16d7 . (hó) rogaibther , 13b13 . p. gaibtir, Thes. ii 295.16 . Subj. s. gabthar, Wb. 29b5 . Pret. and Perf. s. gabthe, Ml. 55c1 . rogabad, 14a14 . rogabath, 24d13 . p. rogabtha, 133b2 . verb. necess. gabthi, 76d4 . Vn. gabál, q.v. For later forms see IGT Verbs § 23.

I Trans. lays hold of, grasps .

(a) takes hold of, possession of ; passing into sense receives, accepts . With co and reflexive pron. takes to oneself : admits of, allows . Ní gaib cen (acht) insists on. Supports, upholds (= congaib) ; sometimes almost = fogaib.

(b) With pers. obj. receives, admits . g.¤ nech in receives as : g.¤ ar considers as.

(c) takes by force, captures ; takes away ; g.¤ lám, g.¤ búaid.

(d) More rarely holds, maintains (against an enemy).

(e) affects, takes hold of (lit. seizes, possesses) of a mental condition, etc. ; affects injuriously (illness, etc.) paralyses, bewitches .

(f) puts, applies .

(g) puts on, assumes : g.¤ arm assumes warrior status ; g.¤ caille, colann, étach, etc. With imm and reflexive pron. puts on (clothes), cf. inf. V (g).

(h) g.¤ cuan, port, etc., reaches (a destination).

(i) g.¤ dúnad, longport pitches a camp .

(j) chooses, fixes (a day, meeting, etc.).

(k) sets about, begins (an employment, etc.).

(l) conceives (a passion, etc.).

(m) thinks, infers . (m 2) takes down from dictation; edits (?).

(n) conceives (offspring).

(o) With for and reflexive pron. takes on oneself (responsibility, etc.).

(p) With co and refl. pron. assumes .

(q) takes a path, traverses, reaches .

(r) ? celebrates (a festival).

(s) suits (late).

(t) A legal idiom (?)

II Intrans.

(a) goes, proceeds .

(b) lands, settles, takes up one's abode (esp. of starting a community).

(c) holds out, remains .

(d) Gram. is declined ; also is subdivided.

(e) holds sway, reigns .

(f) takes hold or effect .

III Perfect forms= subst. vb.

IV sings, chants, recites , etc.

V Further uses with preps. :

(a) g.¤ ar (1) holds back, restrains (2) distrains (rare).

(b) g.¤ de hinders, holds back : also g.¤ ní de neuch.

(c) g.¤ do (1) sets about . (2) attacks . (3) covers, fits .

(d) g.¤ fa attacks, charges at.

(e) g.¤ for (1) assails . (2) begins, sets about . (3) overtakes . (4) outshines .(5) includes .

(f) g.¤ fri (1) holds out against . (2) warns (doubtful). (3) receives, welcomes (late). (4) commences, begins .

(g) g.¤ imm (1) refuses, refrains from, conceals, withholds . (2) distrains . (3) makes good, compensates . (4) adheres to. (5) dresses, arrays oneself.

(h) g.¤ in assails .

(i) g.¤ la accepts, sides with.

(j) g.¤ oc. (1) sets about, begins . (2) sides with, stands by ; passing into sense is partial to, lets off.

(k) g.¤ ós gains supremacy over .

VI Used in phrases with nouns to which references are given.

I Trans. In widest sense lays hold of, grasps .

(a) takes (hold of, possession of) ; passing into sense of receives, accepts (with mat. obj.) : amal náṅgabimmse didiu ni gaib Lucas, as I do not take it (of a payment), Wb. 16d4 . rogabad gabáal dóib leu, 7a7 . gebid A. in n-id inna láim, TBC-LL¹ 581 . focherd a bunsaich ... condagebed re toitim ... so that he would catch it before falling, TBC-I¹ 518 . gab a Eba in t-uball-sa, Ériu iv 114.2 . rogab ... in mac ina ucht, RC xxiv 192.1 . adubradar nach gēbdais coma ina sārugud, ZCP viii 274.18 . Giabud-sa coma uaib, xiii 240.14 . dogab Buinne na comhadha sin, IT ii2 140.445 . `in ngēbthái cís no cáin uatha ? ' ... `ní giabthar,' ZCP xiii 226.9 - 11 . do-ghéabhainn ... eineaclonn, TD 3.52 . Analogous : roghabhsat a ndíorma `they sent out their squadron' (i.e. took and got together), AFM v 1812.15 . geibid Brigit e fri baithis `B. holds him at the baptism,' Fél. 110.27 . g.¤ ech gets (and makes ready) a horse : gabhthar a ghabhar do Ghuaire, RC xxvi 374.22 . gebid ar n-eich co escaid, vii 296.114 . is gabtha indiu in gabar bán, SG 243.32 .

With non-mat. obj. : gēbaid a ainm dim anmaim[-se] he will take his name from mine, ACL iii 231.16 . ro gab ratha grene ┐ esca `took guarantees of the sun and moon,' MR 2.5 . caibdhi (caibghi v.l.) ler geab sí suirgi a bride-price for which she accepted wooing, IGT Decl. ex. 176 . geb as do thoil fen bás accept death, PH 6631 . gab maithim n-anacail accept protection, TTebe 1030 . níor ghabh umhlocht `did not receive homage,' TD 17.43 . ro ghabh a n-airi cur fir a ndobratar a ndraidhe fein riu it was borne in upon them, RC xliii 76 § 76 . g.¤ sossad (suide, etc.) : rogab á sossad he hath taken his station, Wb. 4b18 . gabsat ... a suide, BDD 59 . gaib do chuil isin charcair take thy corner in the prison, Thes. ii 290.8 . g.¤ ríge, tír, etc. takes possession of, takes over (an office, dignity, property, etc.) : ataat da n-orpe rogab A., Wb. 2c21 . cia dib gebus t'forba, RC xxiv 194.1 . resiu rogabtis tír tairṅgeri, Ml. 123a1 , or under (c) ? tria chumachta na hingine nogebtais tír, Ériu iii 138.2 . doguidhetar ... fá mhac ... dogébhed a nionad dia neisi, BNnÉ 190 § 1 . iar ndul adíu nogabad Tír an Dísirt `that he set up in T.' (of a bishop), BColm. 56.30 . i mbechbrethaib bech ... gaibte crann `bees that have taken up their lodging in the tree,' Laws iv 180.16 . gabaid M. rīge nEírenn, ZCP viii 318.11 . ... nar gaba rath na righi, Fen. 120.11 . Ri do gabustar righi, BCC § 141 . Cf. in lin rig rogab hErind, Fen. 58.14 . ar ghabh dá gcineadh Bóinn Bhreagh, TD 8.17 . géba apdaine ┐ cumachta fors-in domun, PH 2272 . Domnall o Conaill do gabh uadha e a nGaidhilg `took it down in Gaelic from him' (i.e. from his dictation), Plummer Colophons 16, n.4 . Often with co and refl. pron. takes to oneself, undertakes : ma ro gabsat daine aile cuca ar comairce, Laws iv 228.25 . gab chucat sind, a Christ, PH 183 . gabh chugat mo chomairche undertake my defence, Dán Dé 1.3 . blāith rogabais cucut corp, ACL iii 242 § 16 . dogab Serlus sin cuige co mor, C. took that greatly to heart, RC xix 278 § 204 (Fier.). níor gábh Eóghan chuige go maith an t-urfhuighioll sin, ML 44.9 . takes to witness : rogab neam, ┐ talam, Todd Nenn. 126.9 ; lxx 11 . admits of, allows : ni gabait etir na lestair lána a tórmach, PH 5480 . Ni gaband sí a cumdach le h-or no le h-airget, BCC § 52 (of a stone). beac ma gabann leighes quasi non recipit curationem, O'Gr. Cat. 205.21. Cf. dá ngébha an focal chuigi if the word will allow of it, IGT Introd. § 3 . ní ghéabhainn dol go clannaibh séaghainn Saxon I would not consent (?) to go, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 8 § 5 . ná gabh toirmeasg `admit no hindrance,' TD 2.3 . Ní gaib cen (acht) will take only, insists on : ní ragaib cen chuit cána, LL 376a35 . nī gēb cen sē curu, TBC-I¹ 2274 ; 2260 . na geb-si cen cath insist on a battle, MR 42.19 . adubhairt nach gebhadh gan meisi dḟaghail mar mhnaoi, Ériu v 182.360 ; 209.21 (v.l.). adubairt nac hgébadh gan éraic d'fagáil, BNnÉ 89.9 . Nír gap uaidip gan bangcēd, Fl. Earls 68.25 . ní ghéabhaidh ód ghruaidh gan bheith feithmheach ..., TD 19.6 . ni ragab acht a anmnigud o anmaim (of Lifea and Mag Life), LL 159a31 . ni ro-gabsat uada acht a bréthir do comallad friu, PH 908 . nir gabhsat uadha gan a athchur, BNnÉ 236.31 . ni rogab acht oentech do denam imme, Anecd. i 9.11 . Also ní gaib co : nī rogaib A. co tarta rātha ┐ gremand fris `A. did not rest satisfied till securities and bonds were given to him,' Cáin Ad. § 22 ; § 26 . supports, upholds (?) glossed congbann : in tí na gaibh rechtge, ni tuilledh rechtge dó .i. in tí na congbhann in díretad, O'D. 712 ( H 3.17, c. 520 ). concerns, affects : comaithces ... is cuma no do gaib aire fri aithech, Laws iv 68.4 . In some cases nearly = fo-gaib : ni gaib airechas it does not get leadership, Wb. 3d8 . canas a ngabar índ aile dec `whence is the twelfth derived ?' Laws iv 198.1 Comm. 16.11 Comm. rogab lige n-úar i n-úir, Metr. Dinds. ii 36.4 .

(b) With pers. obj. receives, admits : manumgaibi ar charit (= Si ergo habes me socium), Wb. 32a16 . na gaph tescariut mar caruid, Ériu v 126.8 . rogabad som hirige, Ml. 14a4 . conadragaib ina munteras, IT i 74.5 . arroeta[t]ar (.i. ro gabadar) he co fáilti, ACL iii 30 § 81 . ro gabadh go honórach hé ón rígh, RC xxv 388.6 . sí ar feadh na gorta níor gheabh `throughout the famine he disowned her' (i.e. would not have her), TD 15.31 . g.¤ nech i n- takes, receives as (in the quality of) : gebtit iudei i n-apid `Judaei will receive him as lord,' Wb. 26a8 . Cf. gabsi cadessin abbaith, Thes. ii 242.21 . co ro-n-gabthar i n-ar mbraithrib do Christ, PH 7883 . do gab se 'na la ciunaiss dó fén é `he took it for a day of rest,' BCC 408.12 . A somewhat different idea with ar : gebidh in aimsir frecnairc arna huilib aimseraib he takes the present time for all times, Auraic. 84.

(c) takes by force, captures . duairci bas dun chach ṅgaibde whom they seize, Ml. 76a16 . condagaibtis intais amprom trianintleda that the wicked used to seize them through their snares, 31c6 . damsa bed gabthi (gl. nihil defuit ad capiendum me), 76d4 . fer gaibes fer beogabail, Laws iv 336.8 . Na mna ... rogabad la Creon rofhosclad dibh la Teis, TTebe 4907 . romgab in críne m'imlúad old-age has deprived me of my power of motion, Ériu iv 154.15 . co[r] gabatar tech fuirre they stormed the house in which she was, RC xv 323 ( Dinds. 23 ). Ro gabhadh an droichet forra, AFM vi 1992.5 . gébtáit ar tír frind, TBC-I¹ 172 . gabsit tír and ar chlaideb, ZCP viii 313.21 . gabsat tír im Themair Breg, Hail Brigit § 18 ( LL 50a10 ). For g.¤ láim expels, g.¤ láim for enjoins, see lám and s.v. gabál. Fig. dede huangaibter in descipuil oc eitsecht inna preceptorae `... whereby disciples are taken,' Ml. 122c2 . A Eua, cid arnotgeib ? (= ar-ṅdot-geib ?) what is the matter with thee ?, SR. 1693 . g.¤ buaid wins a victory: ní ba unus gebas a m-buáid, Wb. 11a6 . isóinfer gaibes buáid diib, 11a4 . gabsat búaid, Fél. Jan 28 ; July 6 .

(d) More rarely holds, maintains (against an enemy, etc.): ro gabsat co setrech ... in tech commatain, TFerbe 339 . Cf. ré fer ná ré mnái ... ní gabtar in t-aracul the little house is never closed against man or woman, SG 245.8 .

(e) affects, takes hold of (lit. seizes, possesses) of a mental condition or the like; more commonly affects injuriously (of disease, danger or other evil influence); esp. bewitches, paralyses: nachinrogba derchoíniud, Wb. 15d40 . nachas-ragbad torsi díachessadsom, RC iv 246 § 3 . gabaidh toirrsi mor M.E., Ériu v 72.13 . rom gab trist, TBC(C) 1058 . conidrogbad huall, Ml. 39d22 . nísgaibed tart nā līae, Hy. ii 29 . conidgaib codlad de, TBC-I¹ 371 . do gob ita iarsin iad 'thirst seized them', ITS xxxix 38 § 233 . ro gobustair ferg mor he 'great wrath seized him', ITS xxxix 38 § 233 . romgab imtholta im erscéluib Tāno do ḟaisnēis dam, ACL iii 3.18 . gabsai format, ZCP xi 108.2 . ní-dom-geibend ecal, Metr. Dinds. iii 152.18 . ma rangba crith, Ériu vii 168.30 . rongab failte, BB 493b30 . do gab gengairi ... é, BCC § 98 . in corrmíl bá in sengán nom-gaib isin crecht `that nips me in the wound,' BDD 162 . ni-mragba nathir, Misc. Hib. 20.1 . nin geib rind, TBC-LL¹ 3209 . nachumgabat gái, KMMisc. 256 § 28 . ní geibhtis renna ... he, RC xliii 46 § 45 . Ni báid usce he ... ┐ ni geba iarn, PH 7278 . ni gabad arm é, Ériu iii 166.36 . ros gabsat idain Moncha, CMMucr. 50 § 42 . re siu ro gobad galar `before disease took hold on him,' Ir. Review 1912.250 . RC iii 177.7 . gabais buidre a cluasa 'deafness seized their ears', Blathm. 96 § 21 . nis ragaibh lugha dighe thirst did not oppress them, AFM i 382.7 . Ro chansat-side brechta druidechta ina agid, co ro gabait a chossa ocus a láma so that his legs and arms were stricken, SCC 48 ( LU 4028 ). Cf. do gabhadh a chosae ┐ a lamha fair, ZCP x 14.4 . Lism. L. 3043 . rogabtha a cossae cona dernae figild, Mon. Tall. § 34 . gabtar cassa na n-each (i.e. by the power of St. Molasius), SG 26.19 .

(f) puts, applies: gabais iarom a mér ina bēolu, RC xxv 344.z . geibh ind uisqui put it in water, Lism. L. 2676 . gabhais minn ... fa a cheann, CF 903 . in t-aire rogabsabair foraib, ZCP viii 318.25 . ro-gabsat étach corcorda imme, PH 3295 . rogobad ola ... da churp oil was applied to his body, TTebe 2560 . geibid na claidhmi dar a n-aigthib doip `slash the swords over their faces,' CCath. 5163 . conid hé gebes claideb dó, RC xxi 386.14 . gabais tabaill dōib, TBC-I¹ 1100 . gaibthi dō he plies it on him, 1735 . `gebid dúrna dar a gnúis dó,' PH 2330 . RC xliii 28 § 25 . ord don Chrumm rogab he plied a sledge hammer on C., Metr. Dinds. iv 22.9 . geibidh otrach ... ┐ clocha dó, BNnÉ 34.14 . Idiom: Ní raghatt ... ar nach gabat in sluagh imchumhang an toighi form `lest the army pen me in the house,' BS § 55 ( BS² 1660 ).

(g) puts on, assumes: gaibid mod ṅargumint it takes the form of an argument, Ml. 64c12 . Ca delb rogabais ?, Ériu iv 104 § 53a . rogabsi delb fhir do Grecaib fuirri she assumed the form of a Greek, TTebe 3449 . Ar ghabhabhair do ghné an chróigh the ruddy hue you had assumed, IGT Decl. ex. 318 . g.¤ caille puts on the veil (i.e. becomes a nun): gabais caille la Patricc Lassar, Thes. ii 238.16 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). g.¤ arm (gasced) assumes warrior status: romoch lind ra gabais armu, TBC-LL¹ 1163 . `in gaisced gebis (gebes LU) in gilla ?', TBC-I¹ 562 . g.¤ colaind takes flesh: ro-gabais colaind ndoenda, PH 164 . g.¤ étach, etc. (usu. with imm and refl. pron.) puts on clothes: gaibid immib a n-etach macc cóimsa, Wb. 27b16 . lasse gabas immbi, 13d22 . dond fíanerred ... rogabastár-som immi, TBC-I¹ 1870 . 2038 . gab etach ... pendaite umat, PH 452 . gabhuis a éideadh aithfrinn, Irish Texts i 38.18 . do ghabh fa na ghealghlacuibh á lamhanna, Rel. Celt. ii 262.25 . Fig. na daoine ghabhas orra grádh do bhriathar-sa do bheith aca `such as appear to reverence ... thy word,' Carswell 61.

(h) g.¤ cuan, port, etc., gains, reaches (a destination): gur ghabhsad cuan they put into port, Keat. i 142.51 . ro gabhsat caladh, Leb. Gab.(i) i 224 § 150 . gabuis port curuch C.C., Mon. Tall. § 66 . in tan ro gabsat na curaig tír, LU 6922.

(i) g.¤ dúnad, longport fixes, pitches (a camp): gabthe dunad les fris, Ml. 55c1 . co ro gab longphort oc Muaid, RC xxiv 178 § 6.

(j) chooses, assigns, fixes (a day, meeting, etc.): Do ghabh sé tráth rer teibi he has assigned a time for our destruction, IGT Decl. ex. 160 . gabsat la catha, BNnÉ 10.7 . do gabhsad ... lā cuinne, Duan. F. i 13.23 . do gabatar lá a cend mís do fhregra chatha da cheile, L. Chl. S. § 12 . rogabadh coinne, Expugn. Hib. § 76.

(k) takes up, sets about, begins (an employment or occupation), usu. with vn.: gabais eigsi corbo sui, ZCP xiv 154.11 . Nás rogaibi gním cen gáis, Metr. Dinds. iii 48.13 . Ó rogabsat ... tochmarc Túaige, iv 58.17 . is é cles do ro ghabh an ingen ... dona hógaibh, RC xxix 110 § 4 . gabais cluche arísi, LU 1715 . gabaid ... imbirt a dornn foraib, TBC-I¹ 431 . gaibig (gabaid , LU) immān līathrōide riam darin nārmaig, 455 . rogab formalad na sin (sic leg.) began to extol the weather (Four Old Irish Songs), Rawl. 107a3 ; ni ragab si labrath cid acht, Irish Texts i 2 § 3 ; 14 § 42 . dianragabsa dībrugud isin tailm, 1054 . gebid cách díb ... leod ┐ letrad, TFerbe 728 . ro gab ... scaindred ... int ṡluáig, 732 . geibid glanad na hadba, Metr. Dinds. iii 246.61 . Cid imma ngabthar trebad ?, ZCP viii 112.17 . rogab torad tercugad, rogab talam olcugadh, ZCP vii 309.9 . do ghabadar na díbfergaig teichedh, SG 10.11 . o ro gabhus fogail, Moling § 16 . gabur aile do denam the fence is begun, Laws iv 70.24 gl. With infixed pron. anticipating the object of the vn.: romgab mo thēdi toghaois my wantonness has commenced to beguile me, Ériu ii 16 § 5 . Is labar tonn mara mair. rusgab in gaim comgabáil winter has begun to arouse it, Otia i 125 . Rosngap an mpachlach griseth the churl began to upbraid them, ITS ii 124 § 98 . (Cf. atároí astód he fails to stop them, LU 6793. ) Also gaibid for gaibid oc and gaibid fri, qq.v.

(l) conceives (a passion or emotion) the mental state being the obj. of the vb., a later construction than (e): gabaid feirg Cathal, MacCongl. 51.27 . geibhis aitricche ndiochra inn, BNnÉ 323 § 35 . rogab ét ingen R., Metr. Dinds. iii 94.13 . dogob nairi an ingen, iv 12.13 . gor gabh risin Fhein format, ZCP xi 43 § 44 . na gabh ... crith re gríoghail, ML 100.20 . an ní fá ngabhaim gúasacht, Studies 1921, 419 § 10 . co ngebtais ... ecla reimi, TTebe 2390 . ro gabustar-som uaill ... de-sin, RC xliii 14 § 7.

(m) thinks, infers . Sometimes with oc and refl. pron.: rogab a menma-sum robad budi la Grécu, LL 231b18 ( TTr. 1057 ). rogab a menma conad e Ænias in fer, Aen. 1591 . ni gebad delb eli dib acht `... would form no other conception of them but,' CCath. 782 . conid assin rogabad a tichtain a nelaip ciach, RC xii 58.9 . nī asa ṅ-gabtha, anything from which might be inferred, Rawl. 75a49 . ar mírbuil dino as gabtha do churp in Choimded dul isin tegdais foriatta, LB. 195a42 . Very frequent in Laws Comm. in this sense, e.g. Is ass gabar sin it is from this that that is deduced, Laws passim . na gebed ... nech aicce co mbad ... (= nemo putet ...), PH 6144 . na ragbam accaind ar dhíles na hindmusa do-ratait dúin (= ea non debemus retinere privata ...), 6123 .

(m 2) takes down from dictation; edits (?): Nicol hua hIceadha do gabh a nGaeidilg, NLI G2 248 . Ua Dubthaig do gab ┐ do scríb, NLI G5 f. 5v . See Angus Matheson Essays 88-89 .

(n) conceives (offspring). Common in later Church language. sul ar ghab sí C. ina broinn, SG 1.9 . Géabhair mac ón Athair, A. Ó Dálaigh i 7 . do bhrigh nach gabhthar ón Spiorad Naomh acht Mac Dé, Eochairsg. 120.5 . do gabhadh ón Sbiorad naomh, Ó Héodhusa 7. With object unexpressed: Gabhais an ógh ón Athair, A. Ó Dálaigh i 1 .

(o) g.¤ for, with refl. pron., takes (a burden, responsibility on one's self), undertakes . geibid foraib faisam in meic, TBC-LL¹ 934 . geib-siu ḟort na ticfa d'ḟortacht ... fer n-hErend, 4668 . gabaim-si immorro form ōn Coimdhe co nā ba lugaite di (= do) rath, ACL iii 309.14 . gabhuid sin ortha fein they undertake to do that, BNnÉ 159 § 16 . gabait forro ferta ... nach fétat do dénam dóib, FA § 28 . gabh ort mo choimhéad, Dán Dé iii 19.

(p) g.¤ co, with refl. pron., takes to oneself, receives, cf. TSh. Glossary. Leg. assumes (?): gabaimse cugam a breitheamnaibh nach tarrus aos láime, O'D. 1700 ( H 2.12, No. 8, p. 1 ).

(q) takes a path, etc., traverses, reaches: Is mair[g] mairg ... gabus in athgairit-si dochumm n-iffirn, PH 7608 . conar inna aithrige dia mbeth nech nodagabad, Ériu i 200 § 24 . rogabhsat an clochán astech, v 94.2 . an t-eolass comcoitchenn gabus cach docum an oilen, BCC 234.23 . gabhait in fhairrgi, Fl. Earls 8.19 . With neut. aff. pron. as cognate obj.: gaibte (.i. teit) Moling, Fél. 152.13 . gaibt[h]i sīar she goes west, ACL iii 1.15 . gaibthi inund, Ériu ii 24.7 . gaibhthe ... docum na meithle, Lism. L. xii 2.

(r) provides for, holds, celebrates (a festival): is de sin no geibed Flidais cach sechtmad láa di feraib Herend do bóthorud dia thoscid ocon Táin, LU 1631 . Conchobar ... fessin no gaibed in samuin dóib, Ériu iv 26 § 14 ( LL 106b30 ). a menain si con-gabaind an Chaisc dōib, Irish Texts i 7 § 23 .

(s) becomes, suits (late): is olc ghabhus tú h'atán `badly doth thy hat become thee,' TD 38.48 .

(t) ? legal phrase: is mor nodcuri ┐ nodgabai fein id dhalaib `greatly dost thou put thyself and take thyself (?) in thy causes,' IT iii 201.1 .

II Intrans.

(a) goes, proceeds, extends: gaibid in rí condeissid forsin cholcaid, SG 414.7 ( LL 279b10 ). gebid ... sair, RC vii 300.1 . car ghabh an crodh ?, xxiii 10.6 . rogab remi ar ammus mara, TTr.² 146 . ar fágcbail tslebi San C. ... gebair ... co mainister manach, Maund. § 49 . cualli iairn isin brutt ... co n-geib on gualaind go araile dó so that it extends, TBC-LL¹ 5387 . gaibid ind ōcben chucu draws near, RC xiii 375.18 . cor' gabh in clais sin ó imell an longphuirt co caladh in mara sís, CCath. 1740 . gabhaidh iar sin anfadh for an ath a tempest passes over the ford, RC xliii 86 § 87 . gabh go dún Í Dhonnchadha, Gofraidh Fionn i i 15 ( Ir. Monthly 1919 ). An ruibēr gabus go Louāine, Fl. Earls 64.15 . doirsi tré ngabhann an Críostaidhe, Ó Héodhusa 14. With imm surrounds: coro gabsat immut uli `es hatten dich umgeben alle,' TFerbe 47 6. Fig. dogabsat ara coradaib `they turned to their sureties,' Ériu v 116.47 .

(b) settles, lands, takes up one's abode (esp. of the founder of a religious community): co ragbaiset hi trácht Fuirbthi they landed on F. strand, LU 6921 ( BDD 53 ). co ro gabsat i mBrēntrācht, ITS xliv 12 § 379 = gabsat Brentracht, LL 1466 . gur' gab isin bruach eli, CCath. 2616 . anadh ait a ngabadh fom mo c[h]urach, Anecd. i 72.203 . ara ṅgabtais i purt Semeonta, LL 219b46 ( TTr. 200 ). gabsat ... hic Temuir, ZCP viii 305.25 . mad beich rogabat and `if it be bees that have taken up their abode there,' Laws iv 168.27 . sruth. ... ro gab for brú amnis (of an anchorite), Fél. 42.36 . is é gebhus i rRind Ruis B. `it is he who will found a community at R.,' RC xxvii 274.4 . Asi sin aimsir roghabhasdair F. ... a Sliabh Ealpa, Hy Fiach. 18.7 . a ndíochur as in maighin i raghbhaiset (of troops encamped), AFM iv 902.26 . gabsat ann-sin co mucha lai ara barach, RC xliii 62 § 63.

(c) holds out, remains: ro gab ina chind co maeth-tráth éirgi arnabarach (`behauptete [das Haus],' Wind.), TFerbe 393 . gabus C. ina righi ... cu tainic in bodhith, RC xliii 12 § 5.

(d) Grammat. t. is declined: ionann ghabhuid (i.e. fine, aicme, etc.) d'úathadh ┐ d'iollradh, IGT 37 n. 6 . A fig. use of (a) ? Cf. Clann Charthaigh 's gach gné i ngabhoid `each of its species,' TD 32.15 .

(e) holds sway, reigns: dia éis ro gab C., Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 48 . ro gab ós Mide, 82 § 6 . na ríg rogabsat ō Chimbaeth co C., ZCP viii 326.17 . espoc S. .i. cetna comharba roghabh iar Finnén, Lism. L. 2633 . gebaid mac in duinn nadeig, Fen. 150.16 . BNnÉ 254.10 .

(f) takes hold, takes effect: as tene gabus gu grod `a spark that kindles quickly,' Ériu iv 212.11 dinin disail for gair gabhaidh takes effect on a short [syllable], Auraic. 1547.

III Perfect forms with neut. inf. pron. (ron[d] gabus, ron[d] gab, ron[d] gabsat) are used in O.I. and survive in Mid. I. as periphrases of the pres. ind. of subst. vb. in nasalising relative sentences, esp. after `amal' or its equivalent. In origin an idiomatic use of I (a), i.e. `I have taken it,' GOI § 781. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 436 . Phil. Soc. Trans. 1899, p. 12 . nobiad chách amal rongabusa as I am, Wb. 9d25 . ceín rongabus i carcair as long as I am in prison, 23b18 . ni fitetar amal rongab they know Him not as He is, 27a11 . [ita] rongab scientia lib as there is s. with you, 6d12 . rongab remcaissiu Daé dinaib dulib, Ml. 20c3 . fobíth rongab torsum ┐ tortum, Sg. 172b1 . amal rongabsat in túisil olchenæ hi tuiter, 71a11 . co ceoluib ┐ ligbothaib amal rongab fo[r]na seacht ndealba ind richid, Ériu ii 106.14 . anruth ... ni nascar fair, amail ro gab rig Erenn, Laws iv 358.19 ; 334.6 . atat araile pectha ... sicut rongabsat fingala, RC xv 488.5 . is maith rongabus fritt I am good to thee, LL 249b1 . is si in derbhfine amuil ro gab bruinne in duine, O'D. 548 ( H 3.17, c.436 ). mar ro gab mét a sochraiti because of the number of their host, Cog. 66.23 . Cf. amail ro gaba (pres. subj.) as it may be, as for instance , O'Curry 2298 ( Eg. 88, f. 22 [23c] ).

IV sings, chants, recites; declares (cf. similar use of canaid). Oc cormaim gaibtir dúana, Thes. ii 295.16 . nosgaibtis for clais they used to sing them in choir, Ml. 2b7 . tre ailli gaibther re proinn, Wb. 28c20 . gabis ailli (gl. benedixit), Thes. i 495.1 ( Ardm. 77a1 ). gabais doib inna rundu sa sis, LU 3307 ( SCC § 11 ). gébdait mecc beca na runda sin, MacCongl. 17.16 . ro gab ceol, Fél. Nov. 27 ; Ep. 114 ; 173 . dogabsat gloria glan aingil, ZCP viii 114.7 . Aedh ... do ghabadh moran dana, AU iii 196.21 . is de gaibthi igitur it is of this that he says `igitur,' Sg. 26b7 . dorumenatar combad fou nogabthe isint faithsini (sic leg.) they thought it was uttered in prophecy, Ml. 35b18 . gaibthir tra déde isin testiminse two things then are treated of in this text, Wb. 16d7 . gabar in pater i sanais, PH 7995 . in tan gaibther ecnaircc neich, Rule of Tallaght § 21 . In leigenn gabur co hard, Ériu v 22.9 . geib t'aiccept, a mic `repeat thy lesson,' Fél. 12.19 . cidbe gabus sin for nim no liun ní bia irchoit de (of an incantation), Laws i 2.22 Comm. `Rogaub an rand sa dam dia gabāil doid-se.' `Gab!' ol sé, ACL iii 1.16 .

V Further uses with preps.

(a) g.¤ ar

(1) holds back, restrains . connā gebethar ar lúamairecht lám dó, TBC-I¹ 1872 = TBC-LL¹ 2528 . na maidid in t-echt, noco ngaba fo thrí ar a anáil until he thrice holds in his breath, Mer. Uil. 135 . neach nach gabhann ar a ghuth, Ir. Monthly 1927, 308.3 . ar mh'osnaidh an uair ghabhuim, Ir. Monthly 1927, 361.41 . gabail ar a fual, Mon. Tall. 147.21 . gabam ar ferge (ḟergaib MS) fīrbruth, ACL iii 321.5 . aithchim ... gabháil díbh ar bhar ngáiribh ... restrain your laughter, Content. xvi § 88 . distrains: gaibter ar a fine comfocus do, co nimcuimet aire, O'D. 2180 (cf. Laws iv 128.5 ). g.¤ for = g.¤ ar: ni raigebthar fort you will not be stopped (i.e. from giving largess), LL 277b6 . dia ṅgabad forsin rúin if he tried to hold in the secret, Ériu iv 32.2 . dia roghabhduis inniu fora n-ítaidh ..., Lism. L. 4404 . Cid forsna geib glas na slabrad ?, ZCP xiii 274.3 . nach gebhtha forra tocht an conair, Hugh Roe 36.20 (10a) .

(b) g.¤ de hinders, holds back: nī gēbasa (gebsa LU) dīt ēm I shall not stand in your way, TBC-I¹ 1588 . ní gebam dít trí ḟornert, TFerbe 83 2. mani gabtáis na mórchoicthi díib, TTr.² 1092 . ma dethbir gabus de if necessity prevent him, Laws ii 58.16 Comm. mine gabad naire dim, Aen. 680 . Also with direct obj.: ní boi ní nogabad díbsom tabart fochaide foir, Ml. 33a5 . Nicongebsa ón dítsu ón cid cossin n-echaire théisi I shall not hold you back, TBFr. 314 ( LL 251a40 ). nī gabt[h]ar dím dul cech conair, ZCP iii 33.18 .

(c) g.¤ do:

(1) sets about, undertakes: do gab dá admolad, SG 309.5 . rogabh A. ... do comrag la F., ZCP xiii 174.33 .

(2) attacks, `goes for': dobeir cesti do chách et ni maith less cia gabthar do, Wb. 29b5 . rogabsat dó ar gach taeb, ZCP vi 79.26 . gabar doib co taethsat ann let them be pressed, MR 128.1 . ra gabhadh dhóib ... do chlochaibh, TFrag. 146.15 . ib. 186.7 . mad gabtha gāi dūaine dō, Bruchst. no. 28 .

(3) covers, fits: con-gebethar dóib o thaul co aurdorn (of mail-clad horses), TBC-LL¹ 2544 . con-gabad do o thana thaib co tiug a oxaille, 2561 . clíabinar ... co ngebethar dó co barrúachtar a dondfúathroci, LU 6557 . go ngabhadh dhó ó fhosadh-mhullach a chinn go a cholpa, ML 112.

(d) g.¤ fa attacks, charges at: ro ghabh fotha amhail faol fo chaorchabh, TFrag. 166.8 . ra ghabhsat ... fo na Loclannaibh, 174.13 . ? gébthir fo mac n-imraichni, Imr. Brain 27 § 57 (see EIL 217 ).​

(e) g.¤ for

(1) assails; attacks: ar gebaid in scol for aréli `one school will attack another,' Wb. 8a7 . gabsait do lorcuibh ... forro, Marco P. § 148 . gebtait forn, Rawl. 132a53 ( Cymmr. xiv 114.13 ). ra gabastar de chlochaib ... bar feraib hE., TBC-LL¹ 4618 . (ar = for) roglac bata ... ┐ rogab orra, ZCP vi 57.26 . Keat. iii 1430 . gabhaidh dá earball air, TSh. 2608.

(2) begins, sets about: gabsat for ól ┐ for aibnius, TBC-LL¹ 999 . ro-gab for toirsi moir, PH 3025 . doghabh for tairchetul, Lism. L. 929 . Marco P. § 114 . (ar= for) rogab ... ar buain in ghuirt, Ériu v 116.2 .

(3) overtakes: gabaid adaig forra, BColm. 78.1 .

(4) outshines, beats, defeats: rogab do chlú for a chlú, LL 50a31 ( Hail Brigit § 25 ). gebthar oirb a dtir nEireand you will be defeated, MR 62.20 .

(5) includes, comprehends: cia hænfocul gebes forna ceit[h]ri ernaili ind Auraicepta, Auraic. 1260.

(6) rules over: gebaid do ṡil ar Erinn, YBL 329a12 ( TMoméra 152.9 ). gēbaid for Liphemaigh, B. in Scáil § 31 . gabhaiss foraibh finnuibh coruibh, ZCP viii 197.6 . gabais for dōine domnaib, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 5 . mór ríg ro gab for Mide, Arch. Hib. ii 82 § 2.

(f) g.¤ fri:

(1) holds out against, prevails over: ni gebat frib ... i cathaib, SR 4835 . ni gébat frit' gnuis ṅgargdai (sic leg.) buidni borba barbardai, 5015 . ni gébad fri feta in serriti óc amulchach sain, TBC-LL¹ 1961 . ni ragbad riss no resistance was made to him, TFerbe 322 ( LL 255b27 ). nícon gébtar cath no comlonn frit, RC vi 183.10 . xviii 181.z (Tig.). gebaidh side fri dam (of a fence) `it will be a defence against oxen,' Laws iv 112.6 . claideb ... frisna gabtís lúirecha, TTr.² 1000 . ni gabtha friu ar a n-aicenta (of women) they should not be impugned (?) for their natures, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 20 § 11 . gabhaid sealad fri ḟeoil ... ar crabhudh they abstain from meat, TFrag. 124.10 . an tan no-gabdais caingni fer nErenn fris when the affairs of the men of Ireland were too much for (i.e. harrassed) him, ZCP xiii 262.15 . nocho ragaib Find ra ech `F. did not rein in his horse,' RC vii 294.87 . do chogainn crann a chraois[i]dhe (sic leg.) ... go a hionnsma, ionnas gur ab é a cró cruaid ... do ghabhastair re a gheal-dhéadaibh that offered resistance to his teeth, ML 62.19 . nochor béo-sa īarum oc gabāil fris nī bas sīriu, RC xiii 383.8 .

(2) warns, threatens (?): rogebad frind dia caithmis co fuidbemis bas ( LB 110b51 ), MacCarthy 52.15 .

(3) receives, welcomes (?): ro ghabh O Ferghail fris, ┐ do rad ferann dia cethraibh, AFM iv 1018.17 .

(4) commences: gabais fri grisad Cuind, LU 3169.

(g) g.¤ imm

(1) withholds, hides, conceals, refuses, refrains from: is annssa do dāinib gabāil im rūnaib rodochtaibh, Otia iii 49 § 9 . ba galar ... don gillu gabāil im a rūn, 48 § 5 . mian mna torrcha ... ocus ar daigin secdachta ro gabadh im in mbiadh, Laws i 180.6 Comm. ma ro chuindigh sí in biadh, ocus ... is e a fer ro gob im in mbiad, iii 550.14 ; 552.4 . doni eisinnroic don airchindech, mas e gabus uime, v 120.15 . duine do fédfadh maith do dénum ocus gabus uime gan a dénum, SG 40.33 . táinic in fer ros-buail (sc. in liathróit) ina diaidh. Rogab in cerd uimpi, the craftsman refused [to surrender] it, ZCP iv 240.10 . mad ro gabustar gataide im in fiadnaise if the thief withheld evidence, O'Curry 536 ( H 3.18, 265b ).

(2) Leg. distrains (in the matter of) : gaibead imme co n-ímcua `let him be distrained until he fences,' iv 128.4 = gaibet aire, O'D. 2180 ( Rawl. B 487, 66a2 ).

(3) Leg. makes good, compensates, condones (?) : o gebus iman fogail sin, Laws iv 16.13 Comm. foghal no fuaibread duine do denam, o bus cara no coibdeileach do no gebad uimpe, conad ínann do ocus no gabad budein ímpe, 16.18 Comm.

(4) adheres to (?) : mas tria comraiti rucustar ... in gu-breth (sic leg.) ocus ata ac gabail impi if he deliberately gave the false judgment and persists in it (?), Laws iii 304.8 .

(5) refl. dresses, arrays (oneself): lasse gabas immbi (gl. cum ... induerit), Wb. 13d22 . gabais Fráech immi cona muntir, TBFr. 351 ( LL 251b27 ). geib imut is imthigeom, SG 363.28 . Ériu v 156 , 178 . corragbat impu that they may dress, iii 100 § 24 .

(h) g.¤ in assails, belabours : ni gebthar inniut ... rotbia falti, RC viii 52.16 . tallsat in slaitt as a láim cor gabsat ina chend di, PH 3299 . gabhuid do ṡnáthaduibh i súilibh Lionóideach, Hy Fiach. 336.11 . gur ghabhadar da ngaothaibh ann, Keat. iii 3255.

(i) g.¤ la

(1) accepts, sides with, stands by : co ragbatar fir Alban leō ar connalbus, Otia ii 88.1 . gabhaim-si ... let (in answer to an offer of marriage), ZCP vi 283.3 . gab lind mar bar bfilidh féin, ii 348.19 . gin go gabhthasa leam, x 286.9 . gabhaidh Dia leis tar a locht `God forgives him spite of his sins,' A. Ó Dálaigh l.3 . feadh mo ghalair níor ghabh leam Pádraig ... P. did not help me, Dán Dé xiii 5 . ro ghabh an tír ... la Tepoitt, AFM vi 2012.28 . mo rí Gabhra an ngéabhadh lam, TD 12.11 . do ghabh ré n-a dhearbhráthair mar mhac `adopted ... as a son,' Keat. ii 5008 . gabhuimsi lé Pádraig (i.e. instead of the Reformers), Mac Aingil 4333 . prouensi ... gabhus le rīg na Fraingce, Fl. Earls 12.13 . Cf. 190.24 (fri).

(j) g.¤ oc (1) sets about, begins : ro gab ic fostud ... in t-ṡlúaig, TBC-LL¹ 470 ; ib. 1494 . gabaid oc neméle moir, ┐ oc aithrige, PH 814 . gabaidh ... ac snechta, SG 35.8 . gabhmaoid ... ag iompódh a intinne `we attempt ... diverting his mind,' TD 8.27 . (2) sides with, stands by ; passing into sense is partial to, lets off : gab got c[h]omarsain mad fann, ZCP vi 272.3 . dlegar ... co ro-gaba ... ic na fannaib, PH 4157 . a Césair ... ro gabhsum acut , CCath. 541 . sellach slan ... gaibes oca cach nirt ocus cach folud an onlooker (at a deed of violence) is exempt if he comes to their support (i.e. of the injured parties) with all his strength and substance, Laws i 242.7 . gabuid ac lucht mo cille, BCC § 277 . a thigerna, gab agum forgive me, ZCP vi 94.30 . TSh. 3593 . nach gabhann an bás ag druing ar bioth dona daoinibh (i.e. does not pass over), TSh. 50 . gur geb (v.l. gab) gá gáeithib | fúair gach fer a dháeithin díbh till he spared (?) his darts, IGT Decl. ex. 644.

(k) g.¤ ós gains supremacy over : mórrí ... ro gab os Herind, LU 4041 . ro gab ós Mide mongréid, Arch. Hib. ii 82 § 6.

VI Is used in combination with a number of nouns. See achmusán, áilges, aiss, athgabáil, cairdes (alliance), 1 cath, 1 cet, cíall, coinne, comairle, commairge, desimrecht, fáilte, flaithius, forbais, geis, gnáth, goim, 1 grád, 1 gráin, greimm, inad, lám, leithscél, maidm, merg (rust), nert (also trén, 1 treise), ríge, tech, 1 tír, tuinide.

galrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. galrach or dil.ie/25331
Last Revised: 2020

 

adj (galar) o,ā

(a) sickly, ill, diseased: ba saethrach ba gallrach in mathair, IT i 40.9 . i pendit ind áosæ galrich, Mon. Tall. § 52 . asbert roptis galraig `sickly,' Trip. 234.27 (v.l. gallraig). bliadhain ghalrach, eslán, ALC ii 288.x . ar an mball bhíos g.¤ , TSh. 7677 . . As subst. atracht in galarach ┐ se slan, PH 2320 . claim ... ┐ baccaig ┐ coss-gallraig, PH 4399 . im oidigecht do duine bocht, no im thorruma na ngalarach, PH 7155 . ní bhfuigheadh ... an galrach a b[h]ainne, Keat. iii 2759.

(b) uneasy, troubled, sorrowful (cf. W. galar): eclach gallrach dóibh in áidche anocht, RC xix 120.z . eccla ifirn ... 'na minic fóidh guil gallraigh, ACL iii 216 § 3 . do bádhus ciamair gortach gallrach acut aicsin, LB 278b19 .

ímáigin, ímágin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ímáigin, ímágin or dil.ie/27279

 

Forms: imágin, himaigine, imagni, iomhaighnibh, ímáighin

n f. (< oblique case of Lat. imāgo) a s. imágin, LB 226a30 . g s. na himaigine , PH 53. n p. imagni, CCath. 946. d p. iomhaighnibh, Parrth. Anma 156.20 . ímáighin f. IGT Decl. § 143.

Same meaning as ímáig supra: choimetait ínntib do gres cosmailius ocus hímáigin Dé, IT i 170.9 . ní uil acht mh'ímháighin ann | a thuir mínḟáilidh Mhanand, IGT Decl. ex. 1944. cid fodera duit-se ... delb ┐ himagin Isu Nassarda do beith acut ?, PH 81. delba ┐ imagni na ndei do tabairt ina timcell leó, CCath. 946 . an ccluinid, no an bhfaicid na hiomhaighni no taisi na naomh, Parrth. Anma 156.8 . See also ímáig, ímáigen.

immarcradach, imḟorcradach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. immarcradach, imḟorcradach or dil.ie/27745

 

adj o, ā (immarcraid, imḟorcraid) excessive: ainbtine imforcradach `an exceeding great tempest,' CCath. 4339. tucad ár imfarcradach for muntir Cesair, 2464 . saint i.¤ do beth acut , PH 7717. is arna hadhbaraibh sin ata an mhéid imarcradhach útt forra `that excessive size,' BNnÉ 57 § 66. gallra imarcrádacha `most tormenting diseases,' RC xviii 35.5 . grad imarcradach ind indmais, LB 145b56 .

lám

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lám or dil.ie/29507
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: laám, láme, láam, láim, láma, láime, nondalámgaba

n ā, f. n s. ind laám , Wb. 12a23 (see GOI 20 - 1 ). g s. láme, Sg. 68a1 , 68b13 . g p. láam, Wb. 9a6 . n s. later also láim, and g s. láma, láime. IGT Decl. § 192.

I

(a) hand: gnúis et láma et cossa, Wb. 12b4 . is sochrudiu láam oldōsa ol coss, 12a21 . precept dosom fri dei et saithar ho lámaib in nocte gl. operantes manibus nostris, 9a5 . ine láim nú ine méraib, Thes. ii 245.37 . ind l.¤ gl. manu, Ml. 36b1 . lam, 131b4 . torad a láam is hed dodtoisged `it is (the) fruit of his hands that used to support him', Wb. 9a6 . orddu lámae gl. pollex, Sg. 68b13 . dunecomnacht Dia inní saúl inna lama som delivered S. into his hands, Ml. 55c1 . ro bendach Pátraic asa dib lámaib in Machai, Trip.² 2799 . conid eiter a lamaib rothathamir cú rui (leg. Cú Roí) `in their hands that C. expired', Mon. Tall. 65 . idna láme (one of the `streams of poetry'), LL 3900 ( IT iii 58.2 ). bud bhinn lam ┐ bel a fine instrumentalist and vocalist, AU iii 340.7 . claidhemh gacha lamha, Cog. 252.9 . ro-gab . . . lān a lām do c[h]ochall an c[h]lērig, BColm. 36.10 . líon mo lámha `the full of my hands', Dán Dé xxx 7 .

With adj. or attrib. gen.: l.¤ bennachtan as opposed to l.¤ soscéli right hand v. left hand (see Stokes, Ériu iii 11 - 12 ): in ferand ar do láim soscéla ic dola sís . . . no ar do laim bennachtan anís, Ériu iii 11.14 - 15 . See soiscélae. l.¤ choitchinn: airgitur langilli na bo iar fir i llaim coitchinn ra aichne `in gemeinsame (neutrale) Hand', Cóic Con. 17.2 . lámh chlé (lámh chlí prohibited form), IGT Decl. § 139 . ros-mugaig, ros-mill, ro tracht / trí coecat barc co laim clí, Fél. 200.28 . na findad do l.¤ chlíí an a n-dingne do l.¤ dess, PH 5950 . lámh deas right hand, IGT Decl. § 137 . bennuch, a Dhe, . . . / cot laim dheis mo cuili-se, Lism. L. 1287 . fíréin láma deise Dé, PBocht 26.34 . l.¤ doí see lámdoé s.v. 1 doé; l.¤ (in) scéith left hand or arm; see 2 scíath and cf. ar laim congmala a sgeith, Ériu xi 189.30 .

In l.¤ des, l.¤ chlé of directions; in a variety of uses: a lleth o laim deiss dexteram ejus partem, Sg. 17b2 . for láim deis aníartúaid . . . for laim chlí anairtuáid, BCr. 19c2 , 3 . éla fort láim ṅdeiss `decline ab eis in dexteram partem', Lat. Lives 80.15 . Fir Domnand co trí rígaib / lam des fri hErinn n-íraig `up the west coast', MacCarthy 148 § 3 ( LL 14718 ). impoit . . . for a láim chlí they turn to the left, AU ii 120.7 . ro ghabsat iaramh laimh cli fris an loch `with their left to the lake', AFM vi 1940.18 . do chuaidh . . . hisin . . . long . . . lamh dhes frí hérinn soirttuaidh, 1966.z . dia lāim deis on his right, ZCP viii 108.3 . Note also: is í so slighe ina ttáinig . . . .i. láimh sgéith re Ráith Ḟionnchaoimhe, Ériu viii 135.24 .

In a number of idioms with vb. gabaid: gabaid láim x seizes, abducts x: nis gebh do laim . . . ar med do nóimhe, BNnÉ 304.17 . gabais laim ingine Foraid . . . ┐ fordoscarastar, Rawl. 131b24 (Cf. Ériu iii 135.4 ). dodechaid in chaillech do béim chluic . . . gabais Ailill a láim, ┐ dos tascar, ┐ dogéni a coblige seized, RC ix 452.14 . See gabál. Cf. ní má ar gabáil ar lámha / úaind, ZCP viii 219.36 . M. . . . do gabail . . . l.¤ Huí L. . . . asint ṡuide apad `expelled', Ann. Inisf. 1052.5 . gabaid láim x dochum leads x to: gabais a chomalta a laim dochum mara led, Anecd. iii 59.9 . gabthe mo laim mattin dochum mara, 1 . With follg. prep. AS expels: ni ragh sa adiu . . . go ro gaba ri no espoc mo laim as, BNnÉ 302.4 . gebatt sa . . . do lamha sa asin suidhi righ ittaoi, 305.13 . conid ari rogabad al-lam a Pardus `on this account they were driven out of Paradise', Ériu vii 164.7 .

(b) arm : cumgabail inna lam i crosfigill is sí briathar l.¤ insin, Ml. 138a2 . tócaib do dí láim i n-airdi frisin Coimdid, MacCarthy 64.10 = suidig do da laim cech thrath / fri ruirig nime, SR 1605 . doe láme gl. lacertus, Sg. 68a1 . a di láim tri derca ṡedluch allenith immach, TE 4 ( IT i 119 ). gur ben in lamh des aga gualaind de, ZCP vi 36.18 . lámh on gualuinn a fad, ALC i 184.20 . láma caolrigthecha, Caithr. Thoirdh. 104.27 . Of clothes, sleeve : lēinte lainneardha lāimhgheala lín 'brilliant, white-sleeved linen tunics', BDC 226.57​ .

(c) Of the hand used in measuring length: on fir do ní in tomus o laimh, Laws ii 232.22 Comm . ocht nduirn a fot, do toimsib laime techta fil fri mesu ┐ toimsiu, Laws ii 246.8 . tinne tri mer a mbun laime, Laws ii 250.2 . See 2 tinne. is í sin is áis do'n ésga do réir láime (of calculating the moon's age by disposing the verses of the Golden Number upon the finger-joints), O'Gr. Cat. 300.14. Of the whole arm as measure: fád láimhe laoich do chrann, Keat. ii 5200.

(d) Attrib. g s. cennach láime: fuair . . . na seacht Laoighise dó féin . . . mar cheannach láimhe i ndíol an cheannais do rinne `handsel', Keat. ii 4812 . cin láime distinguished from cin coise, tengad, etc.: cin laime de guin, no gait, no mi-imirt, Laws i 238.11 . cís láime: ní cíos láime atá acutsa orra acht rígféinnidecht ┐ maer choiméta atá acut innte tribute of the hand i.e. won by force(?), SG 338.22 , 337.17 . triatha uaisle dho i mbuannacht do bhíodar / a chíos láimhe mar ránaig ar ríoghraidh, Hackett² 30.290 . See dígbál. fer láime: fer láma ríg Themra thair / Illand ergna mac Erclaim `henchman', Metr. Dinds. iv 88.13 . Legal perpetrator, distinguished from sellach spectator : mas lethbrostu ┐ ro fes in cu do rigne in fogail is amuil fer laime tigerna in con do rigne in fogail the master of the dog which did the injury is taken to be the perpetrator (of liability for dog injured in a dog-fight), Laws iii 194.y Comm . noco fo lan fir laime icus sellach a lan, 100.z Comm . See sellach. Also áes láime guilty persons: is iat is aes laime ann lucht in combaiti (`hand-party'), Laws iii 252.13 Comm . flesc láime see 1 flesc. liacca lamh, CCath. 5657 (see 1 lía). rogad láime, see rogad.

Extended meanings: gesce ┐ lama imda branches (of tree), RC x 74.3 v.l. gur teig lamh na lainne dā lethtaoibh handle, ZCP xiv 233.1 .

II In various abstr. and fig. applications.

(a) prowess, valour, accomplishment: ar eagla a laime ┐ a dighultu[i]s, ZCP vi 273.9 . ni caithimsa sin noco fagar do laim iat (do nert laime, v.l.), RC xix 34.2 . do chuaidh A. a llos a láma as by his own valour, ALC i 302.23 . Cf. CCath. 68 . ba fearr lamh na luighe `one better in deed or word', Duan. F. ii 176 § 5. clú láimhe, Hugh Roe² 104.5 . fer . . . go lán ainm láimhe ┐ tighe aoidhed, AFM v 1628.18 . fear . . . ro ba maith lamh ┐ oineach brave and generous, 1692.10 . teist ┐ tuarasccbháil láimhe ┐ einigh, 1684.18 . Sir Gyi ┐ sir Heront rob ferr lam ar gach taebh acu, ZCP vi 45.29 . ní fuil . . . ridiri is ferr lamh, 52.2 . ni frith fear mo laimhe riam `a man to match with me', Duan. F. i 63 § 33 . l.¤ láitir might: techt do fein ar los a lame laitiri as, Ann. Conn. 1373.5 .

(b) control, power : is he nert Dé ┐ l.¤ Dé, LB 138b46 . san tír dar ghoire do ghrádh / lámh ag rígh oile mon-uar another king rules, DDána 45.6 . as é dob fearr eineach is ágh / ní deachaidh lamh ós a cionn `never was he overpowered', Duan. F. ii 218 § 8 . adubhairt riu gan an rigacht do chur as a laimh, BCC 246.34 .

In phrase l.¤ i n-úachtar upper hand, conquering arm : rapo doss díten ┐ rapo buinne bratha ┐ rapo l.¤ i n-uachtur leo Conall, CRR 44.1 . go dtug Dia an lámh i n-uachtar ag Scotaibh is ag Pictibh orra, Keat. ii 6144 . In legal phr. lám gabálae forcible seizure : do-beir in fer ada-gair comrac forsin mil sin co tét i lláim gabálae 'the man who brings a claim against them causes a confrontation over that honey so that it (the honey) passes by forcible seizure', Bechbretha 186 (e) .

(c) Legal active part in crime : icad fer tairce trian . . . a dualgus a tairci; ┐ cutruma re aenfer don dá trian aile a dualgas a láime the inciter pays a third due because of his incitement . . . because of his share in the deed (of fine for killing by soldiers), Laws iii 114.x Comm . asren cāch a chinta ar a láim `for his own hand', Cáin Ad. 43 . im fiach a laime, ┐ im fiach a tairci, Laws iii 116.1 Comm . See tárcud. ? síoll Eoghain ní hosadh ghealloid / ní ghébdís duit díol i láimh, L. Cl. A. B. 223.106 . In phr. l.¤ derg murder, murderer (cf. We. llawrudd) (in latter sense more commonly fer láime deirge): cumal aithgina fo fer laime dergi laes na gona and, Laws i 244.2 Comm . bid fir lāma dergi ina suidedaib apad, BColm. 62.19 . ba comeirque laime derce nach bruidhen an asylum for a murderer, RC xxi 314.6 . bud í in phláig dibse is a bedg / in l.¤ derg dimbert oram murder, SG 55.37 . ná déantar lámh dhearg acht dí / ar ghrá na dtrí ndealg a Dhé `that my body alone be treated as a foe', Dán Dé ix 9 . atú mar láimh ndeirg ag Dia, ii 30 .

(d) In metonomy, pars pro tota . Of warrior: dob iomdha lamh áthasach do Dhom[n]allachibh ┐ Ghordonchib do bhi san lathair sin, Rel. Celt. ii 192.13 . ni roibi . . . aenlamh fa crodha coscur a cathaibh, ZCP vi 43.33 . lámh ar nár cheisd an cheisd chrúaidh, L. Cl. A. B. 265.9 . marbthar lais Conn O Concobhair in aen lámh mharcaigh as lugha rob olc i cConnachtaibh, AFM vi 2040.11 . With descriptive gen. of generous person: in l.¤ tidnaicthi (of Cú Chulainn), LL 7962. da láim thidnaicthi ratha (Cú Chulainn and Fer Diad), 10729 . lámh chothaighthe deibhléin Dé she who supported God's orphan, DDána 32.24 . Of help: don bocht a tibred laim, PH 6145 . a lámh nach lámh tar threise `o arm unsurpassed in strength(?)', PBocht 23.49 .

(e) In phrases ref. to plighting of troth, wedlock, etc.: dobhi ar fes laimhe ┐ leaptha ag an inghin an oidhche sin, RC xxix 134.18 . roḟai ar laimh ┐ ar leabaid le, RC xliii 24 § 22 . See foaid. sáith ríogh ar leabaidh 's ar láimh / gach inghean ard álainn óg, Dánta Gr. 5.31 . tug mná cneasta i bhfeis leabtha ┐ láimhe married, Hackett² 53.106 . Cf. mé th'éadach láimhe is leaptha (said by cloak to its owner), 32.33 . nascis . . . for láim ind fúatha sin `bound that (boon) on the Spectre's hand', Moling 20 .

(f) In proverbial expressions: ba lam i net nathrach . . . insaigid fair `a hand into an adder's nest', LL 225b7 ( TTr. 608 ). ba luam a net natrach . . . cor fri sluag na Fomoire, RC xii 96.17 . lámh an eirr easguinne unsafe grip, IGT Decl. ex. 587 . l.¤ déoraid (status of) a person whose protection and rights had been forfeited ( ZCP xxxiii 87 ): bid l.¤ déoraid dó, LU 5137 ( TBC-I¹ 654 ); 'he is as good as dead' ZCP xxxiii 87 . See deorad. l.¤ latrainn ba l.¤ latraind i n-árbaig la Hercoil isin chath sain, LL 226a15 ( TTr. 651 ). conid de sin ata `lam clé Ulltain in agaid in uilc', Fél. 200.19 . cach lāimi a lāindīrgi, ACL iii 226.21 (see ZCP xviii 48 ). mairg do loitfeadh láimh eadruinn `it were pity for any to hurt his hand (intervening) between us', Studies 1921 589 § 6 . Legal maxim: ni fognai lam laim, Laws i 228.16 .

III In phrases with follg. prep. (in most cases also with prec. vb.).

(a) DI: dothongusa . . . conna get-sa láma dib, conastarddur uile fo thalmain that I shall not release you, TBC-LL¹ 943 . nír' scar lámha díbh cor' ḟalaigh díden na coilltedh íat fair, CCath. 195. See scaraid. ní thall in gáeth láma de / co foraim bága in bile `the wind withdrew not its hand until it brought down the Tree's pride' (of Bile Tortan), Metr. Dinds. iv 244.51 .

(b) FO: do-beir láim fo undertakes : ni-s-tibrea liaig doenna laim fo-m leiges-sa, PH 424 . in ni fo dard láimh, CCath. 1795. lámh do tabhairt fán marbh ndíocháirdeach (sic leg.) bhíos i bpurgadóir, dá ḟóirithin as, TSh. 4752 . tabhair mar thugais roimhe / lámh fúm `deal with me', Dán Dé vi 33 . l.¤ fo act of undertaking : ba l.¤ fámórobairsin, TBC St. 3830 . lām fo crābud deduirn dūr, ACL iii 306 § 4 . lámh fá othar mádh áil leo / is beo ar n-a chrochadh dháibh [Dia] `if men wish to touch his wounds', but perh. rather if men wish to attack the wounded, Dán Dé xxvi 34 . Prov. of impossible undertakings: as trágadh lacha as a lār / lámh fa bhádhadh ratha an rígh, IGT Decl. ex. 1036 . is lámh fa chraoibh nach cromann / bheith réd chumann, DDána 4.5 . ríomh réadlann nó gainimh ghil / . . . lámh fa ríomh a sochar sin, Content. xxviii 24. Cf. tabraidh mo lamh fa comhall sin, ar Corbmac. ┐ donaisc orra amlaid sin swear by my hand, Irish Texts iii 8.25 .

(c) FOR: l.¤ for áirithe an undertaking certain of success : níor bó lámh for airidhe a n-ionnsaighidh muna luigheadh líon lam . . . forra, AFM v 1826.8 . ni bad lam ar airgthi doibsium sin mana deonaiged in toichthi, Fen. 138.20 . foceird láma for: foceirtt lamae fair she laid hands upon him, Mon. Tall. 66. Cf. ro láiset láma do they arrested him, PH 3101. Of ordination: cuirfid . . . a lámha arna Lebhítibh, Numbers viii 10. Cf. ni comairleiced . . . dó cor lamha aire (.i. dul do sacarbaic) cin foghlaim `put hand upon him' (i.e. on Christ in the Eucharist), Trip. xlix 11 . atgeall in filidh lāmh for a dān to attempt, ZCP vii 305.6 . do-beir láim for (ar) proposes, attempts : do beartsatt . . . laimh for imdhecht, AFM vi 1900.10 . gabaid láim (láma) for: si dobeir phoíc la cech n-oendig dó, isí geibes láim for a chuit arranges, TBC-LL¹ 2180 . Gaileoin . . . .i. an trian nó ghebadh lamha for an dá trian oile fo ghail fon airredh (leg. airrigh) excelled, Leb. Gab.(i) 118.16 . Of course of action undertakes: do ghabh lam for an Easpain d'fágbhail, ML 44.2 . do gab E. lámh for imtheacht d'fágbhail na h-innsi, ML 36.9 . Of persons enjoins upon, the action enjoined usually being denoted by imm: rogab A. lama (lam, v.l.) ar Perelass im ergi dochum in cluichi sin ordered P., TTebe 2474 . in tan gaba lam forainn, BB 418a51 gabais lāma for in úathad slúaigh robúi ina ḟarrad im calma do dēnom, Fianaig. 86.23 . rogabhagh lamh ar an oglach im dul dochum na teneadh, Ériu iii 156.31 . Also petitions : ragabsad T. uili . . . lama air um thuilleadh fhís do denam doib `entreated that a further vision should be made', TTebe 4156 . ní rigise a les lam do gabail forainn there is no need to ask us (to protect you), Celt. Rev. iii 314.6 . Note also: ragab láim ar a araid (itbert re a giolla, v.l.) ara ngabad a eochu, TBC-LL¹ 3252 . ní ḟedabair an lá no an uair i ngebthar lamh foraibh `a hand will be laid upon you', RC xxv 388.17 . imm-beir láim for practises violence on, see imm-beir. Med. operates on: ro himred lámu . . . for Eogan co mbí ina chinnte bás d'fhaghbáil do, SG 50.25 . Note also: a thaoibh-se ar a dtá mo lámh on which I rely(?), Dán Dé xxv 43 .

(d) FRI: l.¤ fri act of avoiding, renouncing : lam fri idal ṅglethech ṅgal (command against idolatry), SR 4845 . lāim fri lochta, ZCP vi 264 § 9 . lam fri cath fri cēilide, Ériu ii 56.9 . lámh fri turbhaidhe domhnain cé, AFM ii 618.18 . As prep. beside : tainic laim re fiannbhoith mac mBrocain, ZCP xi 40.11 . ealba fhiadh is eadh at conncas / cealga Laoghaire láimh ria, PBocht 10.16 . rohadnaicedh laim re haltóir (sic leg.) Chiarain, RC xviii 182.4 . tarr láimh riom, Gen. xxvii 21 . muna raibh do dhearbhrathair láimh riot, Deuteronomy xxii 2. Also of motion along by (see also under I (a) above): lodar . . . laim re muir siar co rangadar Teach nDuinn, Anecd. i 18.5 . doberat a lam fri h-Etail `skirted', Aen. 138 . tar Dūn ac Loduin . . . / lāim re gach loch go Loch Rīach, ZCP viii 222 § 3 . a lam re fairrge co hAth Cliath, RC xviii 51.26 = laimh fri faircce co rocht co hAth Cliath, AFM ii 1028.x . Note also: tug Muire láimh ris an leas / an uile sháidh do shaidhbhreas `besides salvation', A. Ó Dálaigh l 39. Also compared with: láimh re hAodh ó fhior eile / mion gach taom dá thaidhbhsighe, L. Cl. A. B. 64.159 . ionnus nach fuil i n-uile ṡeanchus . . . láimh re seanchus na hÉireann, Keat. i 44.22 . do-beir láim fri refuses, rejects : na tabair laim frim (Potiphar's wife to Joseph), SR 3182. Of renunciation of world, sin, etc: dia mba maccleirech fa mām / tapuir lām fri holc, ACL iii 319 § 87 . na hulca imgabamít, is e in ecnai erailes ornn laim do thabhairt friu, PH 6867 . do rad láimh ris an saoghal, TFrag. 204.2 . fo-ácaib fri láim excepts: facbaim Concobur fri láim . . . dáig a rige, LU 9217 ( FB 94 ). dochta do neoc[h] dáles dāil / fācbas (?) dáil n-éco fri lāimh, Fianaig. 10 § 3 . Note also: fa-rácbaisemne fri láim deitsiu . . . nád ṅ-íurmais orguin we stipulated, BDD² 659 . scaraid láma fri desists from: roghabh acc timchelladh in chaithmhīledh co nāro-scar lāmha fris go ro eiderdelaigh a cenn rea chúilmēidhe, ZCP xiv 232.12 . ni rosccarsat lamha fris go ragbhatar an caistiall ar eigin, Hugh Roe² 100.16 . Cf. dochuaid re láim he went security, O'Curry 2157 ( Eg. 88, 4a ).

(e) I: do budh dána dul le bréig / do chur lámh 'n-á (leg. 'n-a) leithéid `to resort to guile in attempting such a thing(?)', Dán Dé xxi 21 . cuiris lámh i Mochuda ┐ tug go heasaontach as an mainistir amach é seized, Keat. iii 1948 . dobeir láim i láim neich becomes someone's vassal: ní thug a lámh a láimh riogh occlach dob'fhearr treisi gniomh, ITS v 176.20 . ri Uladh na n-iath solus / . . . dobhera se a lamh ad laimh / gidh be len b'ál gan t'anair, Irish Texts ii 98 § 14. Hence accepts the protection of someone : tuc al-laim il-laim Ḟind, Acall. 5972. Also shakes hands : nach tarmchillend Heriu óclách do neoch do-beir a láim i llaim tigerna nach aichnid damsa, CRR 16.x . tuc a lam in a laim in la sin, Cog. 132.13 . go dtugsad uile a lámha iona láimh, ML 54.31 .

(f) ÍAR: l.¤ íar cúl reserve force : gan lámh ar gcúl uile againn / Muire dhún go n-agaill é `none of us having any support', Dán Dé xix 18 . With cúlu: cusna buidnib medonc[h]aib . . . ┐ cusin laim ar culu, CCath. 5771 . cinnas as áil duit techt i ndáil Medba . . . atágur l.¤ ar cúl aci, LU 6154 ( TBC-I¹ 1669 ).

(g) IMM: gaibid láim imm manipulates : do ghabhadar na fóirne . . . lámha um na leabhar-líontaibh, ML 46.24 .

(h) LA: do-beir láim la helps: is olc in lam tucadar na dee . . . linn, Fier. 106 . móide do-bhéara láimh linn the more wilt thou help me, Dán Dé xi 9 . ag tabhairt láimhe liom féin / a-tá meise, xxii 17 . ní fhuil duine agam do-bhéaradh lámh liom, TSh. 4735 . fo-ceird láim la with same meaning: nach áil cur lámha lat `they will not help thee' (of Mary and mankind), Dán Dé xix 25 . dlighidh cur a láimhe linn, L. Cl. A. B. 251.52 . nior chuir an samhradh lámh linn, Rel. Celt. ii 232.35 . Cf. lámh muna chuire re a gcosg, PBocht 15.5 . l.¤ la help, assistance to: lámh linn ar do bhreith ní bhia `to save me will not be in thy power', PBocht 13.38 . do ghuidh é (sic leg.) fa lamh leis chum síobhail ró mhóir do bhí na éigean air do dhéanamh, ZCP ii 558.22 . as maith an tráth láimhe linn / is cách ré'r ndáin[n]e ag doichill, Ériu v 52.15 .

(i) TAR: fochertar lama tairis they seized him, LU 5941 ( TBC-I¹ 1475 ). do-beir láim tar takes possession of usually by force: co tarad láim dar Corco Loígi, Anecd. i 13.21 . co tarat laim dar hIffern (of Christ harrowing hell), SR 7772 . tuc-som laim tarsan tir ┐ do lomarced leis . . . hi, Ann. Conn. 1249.2 . dochoid A. . . . do índriudh innd idhoiltige ┐ doberait laim tairis, LL 402b31 ( TTr.² 505 ). tugad l.¤ tar na luathcrechaib soir go slioschlár sluag Mhaonmaige they were carried off. Caithr. Thoirdh. 53.39 . do rat lá[i]m dar a longphort, Arch. Hib. ii 72 § 31 . tuc sisi lamh tar an mbiorar báoi for an sruth, BS 82.22 . Note also with pl. láma: tabraiter láma tairis let him be seized, LU 5937 ( TBC-I¹ 1471 ). do-beir láim tar a agaid. Of person waking from sleep: itraacht C. . . . asa chotlud ┐ dobert l.¤ dar a agid, TBC-LL¹ 2495 . do-icc tar láma violates, disobeys : ticcedh thrá Suibhne tar lamha an chleirigh, BS 175.20 .

IV In phrases with preceding prep. (and freq. vb.):

(a) DI: ceb é tan no ghebhudh dia lámh fair `whensoever he should receive the eucharist from him', Lism. L. 2886 . rogab comaind ┐ sacarbaic do laim Tassaig espoic, IT i 22.2 . Of reception of viaticum: téit Comhgall docum nimhe . . . do laimh Ailbhe, Lism. L. 2883 . co nabail dia laimh (i.e. Mochuda) iar mbreith buadha o dhemhan ┐ ó dhomhan (i.e. he died after receiving viaticum from M.), BNnÉ 295.9 . sáeraid di lámaib liberates from : amail soersai Abram / de lamaib na Caldae, Fél. Ep. 456 . rosoirad in chathir di lamaib assar, Ml. 61d2 . See saeraid.

(b) DO: gaibid do (orig. di ?) láim undertakes : ro erb M. fris frestal na hatha. Ro gab-sum sin do laim undertook, Fél. Pref. 12.10 . ro ghabh do láim . . . athaghidh [in muilind], Lism. L. 1969 . rogab Cuipidh do laim o Uenir inni sin, Aen. 387 . do gab . . . Domnall . . . do laim é, Cog. 174.18 . gabhmaitne do laim iatsom `we shall take them in hands', Caithr. CC 63 . do gab du laim cin toidecht i n-agaid mac Ruaidri aris, Ann. Conn. 1225.17 . gabh do láimh i ló na héigne / . . . bheith ós ar gcionn mar chrann díona, PBocht 10.49 . sibh-se . . . gabas do láim an t-eolas who profess learning, Content. xviii 10. Note also: do ghabhadar do láimh dhó nách roichfeadh . . . tochradh a dtigearna tairsibh `they pledged themselves to him', ML 116.8 . rogab H. do láim ón tṡiair sein, LL 226b40 `accepted that charge', TTr. 707 . téit (do-icc) do láim goes to communion : oc techt do laim at the Communion, Thes. ii 254.14 (Stowe Missal). in tan na tiagar do láim dia domnaig, tiagar dia dhardaín ina dhegaid, Rule of Tallaght 15 . fecht n-aill do B. ic techt do Laim in epscuip quadam die accessit B. ut Eucharistiam sumeret de manu episcopi, Lat. Lives 84.15 . gab do lāim / cen tabairt ngotha ar fer ngráid / . . . lēic don churp bīs ina lāim, ACL iii 222.18 . ni dlegar escómlad cen dol do lāim (`without being shriven'), MacCongl. 23.9 . as mitidh a n-anmain De techt do laim `it is time . . . to go to communion', RC xxvi 374.11 = do thāed do lāim `for you to take food(?)', Ériu i 44.24 . ic techt do láim in epscuip (`confess'), Three Hom. 80.21 . téit . . . Gillas . . . do churp Crist annsin do laimh Brenainn, BNnÉ 84.14 . sacairt ic dol do laim celebrating mass, Grail 1326 .

(c) FO. In various uses with téit: téid an bhuidhen fó láimh `submitted', ALC ii 350.12 . otcondai[r]c . . . na hairberta móra sin do thecht fo laim lé Césair being undertaken, CCath. 2389 . gur bhó heiccen do . . . dul fa lámhaibh legh (of surgical operation), AFM vi 2232.21 . See síned. téit fo láim n-epscoip receives confirmation : ní thic comlāine in spirta nóim mane tē fó láim n-epscoip īar mbathus, Ériu i 218.24 . confirmatio, no dul fa laimh easpuig, Luc. Fid. 3688 . Cf. Siluestar ap na cathrach / eirg fo [a] laim ar is rathmar, Fél. 46.29 (where however penance may be intended).

fo láim in the power of, at the discretion of: baí sé seachtmuine ina othairlighe fo lamhaibh legh, AFM vi 2116.2 . tug Dia fád láimh féin lesúghadh do thabhairt uait nó gan a thabhairt, Mac Aingil 3521 . fuair bás fánar lámhaibh, TSh. 5591. Hence subordinate to: guibernōir ar leith fo lāimh in ierla uassa, Fl. Earls 96.14 . Of swearing : gebatsa a luige fó láim Chiaráin by C., LL 274a16 ( SG 416.5 ). lúghu fo láim rig Caisil `by the hand of', Leb. Cert. 70.3 .

(d) FOR. for láim x beside x: asber fris suide for láim Findabrach, TBC-I¹ 1532 ( LU 6001 ). robéosa fort láimsiu, Fél. Prol. 273 . fer buí for láim Airt, ZCP viii 310.7 . Cf. alaile for laim n-ainsedo `another agreeing with(?) the accustive', Ml. 23c21 . Hence of possession, control: nach raibh ar láimh ní fa nimh in his possession, A. Ó Dálaigh 1(50) 10 . do bhí ar a láimh é d'fheithimh it was in His power to watch it, PBocht 21.33 . a bailte móra ar a láimh, Rel. Celt. ii 182.14 . do-beir for láim places at the disposal of: dos bert for láim Eogain, IT i 81.20 . tug a' Gen. na caisléin an boili ┐ na braighde ar lāimh a' Ninntius, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 46.13 . an tan tug ar láimh na heaguilsi eochracha cengail ┐ sgaoilte cháich, Mac Aingil 179 . Note also: beir an dall ar láimh libh `take the blind man by the hand with thee', A. Ó Dálaigh vi 9. Of imprisonment: do cunnbhad ar laimh é gur fháguibh a dheic bhliaghna fichead d'aois, Rel. Celt. ii 162.21 . do bhi an ri san nam sin ar laimh aga naimhdibh .i. Parlameint Shagsan, 202.31 . Cf. dan-indnacht ar láim `by the hand', Blathm. 90 § 3.

(e) FRI. fri láim on behalf of, deputizing for: is e Niall . . . ro gab rigi nErenn . . . acht cheana is é Brian ba tuairgnid catha fri[a] laim side `in his stead', RC xxiv 180.7 . tigerna airthir Connacht fri lāimh a athar acting for his father, AFM ii 836. 10 . With difft. meaning: nochar gabhadh re lāimh T. T. was unassailable, ZCP viii 225.2 . nech padh calmai fri laim imbertai cloidib when it came to swordplay, RC xii 72.22 .

(f) I: gaib id lāim mo fāesam airtho undertake, TBC-I¹ 409. i láim captive, subservient (to): i láimh atú i ttalmhain, Dán Dé xii 7 . minic mē a láim acc dreasaibh, KMMisc. 352 § 7. do marbad U. isin lam-sin `captivity', Ann. Conn. 1270.7 . mé mar bhráighid bhíos i láimh, Dán Dé iii 32 . Aedh . . . do bí illiamh (leg. illáimh) sa chaislén, AU ii 466.18 . grádh mná 'ga bhfuilim i láimh, Dánta Gr. 8.5 . is fiacha i láimh / na féich ar a bhfuil admháil as good as paid, L. Cl. A. B. 162.13 . do thuaslucud chimmeda bai illāim oc ríg qui erat in vinculis apud regem, Lat. Lives 80.11 . Also in pl.: ro gabad annsin Marcus Crasus, ┐ tucad il-lámhaibh é docum airechta na Partecdha, CCath. 136. Also with gen.: cá láimh ataí, a rioghain? I láimh Anadail mic Rí Conchend . . . ar sí, ITS v 54.8 . tugas grádh éagmhaise d'Eoin . . . / 'na láimh tharla an rí [dá] réir `he can make the Lord obey him', PBocht 27.1 . caide . . . an bean i rroibe mo mac sa laim (na laim, v.l.), TTebe 2125 . tuc i lláim Michil . . . in imerci sin, Ériu iv 118 § 36 . With same meaning: a leith a lámh bítt na mná so [do]gres `are always obedient to her', Maund. 135.

In extended sense: ón bhan-óigh do bheith im láimh / budh dáigh breith ar anóir [uainn] my winning regard is likely, the Virgin being on my side, Dán Dé xxiii 39 . do bhí sise im láimh gach laoi she has always been by my side, 40 . beid go luinneach im láimh thall `shall be active for me' (of saints), xxv 69 .

(g) IMM: atbert int aingel friu ni de min do chummisc doib ar an im . . . arna toitsitis an aes penda immallama die on their hands, Mon. Tall. 73.

(h) SECH: léim sech láim false leap(?) LL 307a12 ( SG 386.23 ). nichat léicfider sech láim (of a sword) thou wilt not be laid aside, RC xx 12 § 21 . ná léicetsom sech láimh neglect, LL 301a48 ( SG 373.y ). ? conralta dibh sech laim, Anecd. ii 63.10 .

(i) TAR: tar láim. In oaths by: dar láimh do chinn ┐ do choise, Gadelica i 44.302 . dar láimh Moling, Ó Bruad. i 54 § 5 . tar láma(ib) in spite of: ro chongaibh an Breifne gan baoghlucchadh tar lamhaibh a chomharsan, AFM v 1804.15 . Legal: i slanuibh dochuaidh an duine . . . ┐ tar a lama tecar . . . tiachtain tara lamuibh, O'Curry 393 ( H 3.18, 220a ). tiachtan fo'n cundrad tar do láma `in violation of thy security', Laws v 508.16 Comm . is e dogab Eirinn dar lamaib Chormuic uí Chuinn (ni th[ar] a lamhaib dogab uair fa gilla og Cormac an tan sin), CGSH § 142 n. k-k​ .

V Adv. phrases. a láim i láim from hand to hand : á tinnacul a llaim hillaim, Ml. 96d6 . l.¤ (láim) ar láim equally balanced : dá mbeith an ní láimh ar láimh / idir Eoghan is Conn cáidh, Content. xviii 35. Also: comhraicis Iollann ar a' traigh / Maghnus lamh ar laimh `hand to hand', Duan. F. ii 326 § 31 . d'óenláim together, unanimously : d'oen láim, LL 296b30 . érgit slúaig Ulad innáig / ┐ a n-ardrí d'oenláim, 299a1 ( SG 368.1 ). nach maithfidhe le Dia dháibh / go ria a n-aithrighe d'énláimh, O'Gr. Cat. 467.4 . fo láim secretly: co ndechaid fein as fo laim, Ann. Conn. 1278.6 . maidhm for Maghnus dana ┐ é fén do dul [as] fo laim `secretly effected his escape', AFM iii 452.17 . gabais reime fó láim for lergaib in tsléibe `privily', SG 381.2 ( RC xiii 92.20 ). l.¤ fri láim side by side : in cailli selga noghabhdais dosreathdais 'na uirtimcill lamh fria laim, Marco P. 89. Note also: lecit sírthi fo cricha na Camandi ┐ in lamh ag aroile dhibh `keeping near one another', Marco P. 10 . (ó) láim do (co) láim one and all : do chuala a chloinn láimh do láimh, DDána 46.10 . leis na haingle ó láimh go láimh, 38.20 . tucsam lughi lámh do láimh / fian meic Cumuill einechnair, Acall. 1443 . l.¤ tar láim: do chuirsead fós lámh tar láimh clú a bh-feadhma ar fud an domhain `upon all hands', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 374.17 .

cacha láma (láime) on either side : secht cumala gacha laime go tri nonbura, Laws iv 234.9 . annam lend aithled cecha lama itiaid-siu, LL 286b15 . Gall faoi ┐ Gall gacha láimhe dhó, Ériu i 87.14 . gadaidhe gach láimhe leis, Dán Dé xx 24 . breac beó gacha lámha leis / dála an dá eó nír indeis, IGT Decl. ex. 2135. Cf. in literal sense: do bheredh cend gacha láma would take a head in either hand, Caithr. Thoirdh. 75.30 .

In nn. pr.: Lām-fri-hēc, Mug láma, see Corp. Gen. Lámh Ghábhaid, Cóir Anm. 280 . L.¤ Luath, Acall. 7476. Cf. Lám áed `hand Aed' (as nickname), Trip. 200.7 .

COMPDS. With nouns: ¤aire, see separate article. ¤anart napkin : teagh budh lonnraighe lámhanart, Studies 1924, 244 § 22 . ¤arm, used of small weapon which a warrior took to bed with him for use in emergency: lámh-arm gach laoich ar a leabaidh, ML 76.10 . ¤brat: lambrat gl. mantile, Sg. 172a3 . gl. gausape, 128a1 , 3 . ¤bréit towel : nipsa lambreid lamhglanta, Anecd. ii 60.7 . ¤bró handquern: ni meath log-einech ar ithlaind ┐ lambroin, Laws v 88.11 Comm . ¤chartad ` masturbation ' O'Dav. 1474 . in sesmac pectac imorro le lamhcartad dogeibh a toil, BCrólige 29 . ¤chlaideb: cen arm occaib . . . acht lamcloidmi becca bidis ina lamaib, BB 439b2 . ¤chloc: iseal a treoir in tan is lamclog (gl. aistreóir), Laws v 22.8. Comm . ¤chloch: gebid lamhcloich do lár thalman dar bo lán a glac, TBC-LL¹ 1181 . ¤chomart clapping of hands in grief, lamentation : darindidar lam-chomairt mor ┐ nual-guba dearmair, YBL 147b8 . lámchomairt . . . ┐ basghari do mathrechaib, LB 141a3 . lamcomairt .i. basgaire, O'Dav. 1193 . oenach ina lamcomarthae in quo ignis ┐ tonitru similitudine die judicii. ind lamhcomart hi feil Michel dianepred in tene di nim, AU i 240.1 - 2 (A.D. 771) = AFM i 370.15 . in chantaicc Solomon ┐ ind Lámchomairt libuir Ieremiae Book of Lamentations, Hib. Min. 26 § 186. ¤chongnam: gan lāmh-chongnamh ar doman, Fl. Earls 72.15 . ¤chor: lámhchara .i. lamhchora .i. cur láimhe ar ní, O'Cl. (cf. BB 419a25 below). corugud (sic leg.) cach cuaille iar n-uachtar, ┐ lamcur doib co nach urfaema in (sic leg.) talam `they are pushed down by the hand', Laws iv 112.11 . dorinne lamhchur air laying on of hands, Keat. iii 1603 . ¤chorrán: rolá . . . lāmhcorrán iarnaidhi [uada] d'fastudh na luinge `grappling-irons' CCath. 2083 . ¤chrann. Of part of a harp: olc a l. olc a corr, Measgra D. 7.121 . ¤chruit: a lámh-chruit do leiséaghuinn, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 115 § 12 . ¤déraigthe (cf. 1 dérgud). In phr. ar feis leptha ┐ láimdéraighthe in cohabitation : do berdais a ndaermná (sic leg.) ar feis lepta ┐ láimhdhéraidhthi daib, ZCP viii 545.21 = TBC-LL¹ 1738 - 40 . is and sin ro ḟaietar (sic leg.) in lánamain sin ar feis leaptha ┐ láimhdheraighthi, Acall. 821. Cf. 7842 . ¤día household god, idol : tuc lea lámdeo á athar (of Rachel), SR 3016 . beir leat t'athair Anachis ┐ do mac ┐ do bean ┐ do laimdea, Aen. 578 . tabhraidh láimhdhia chugaibh, ┐ adhraidh dhó, Keat. i 142.43 . ¤dóe (dóit): lámdoti na laechraidi, LL 235a22 ( TTr. 1345 ). ¤écht: an t-iarla ó Lúcan . . . / triath is iomdha láimhéachta, Ó Bruad. iii 144.z . ¤fheidm manual effort : tar lám-fheadhmannaib na laoch, ML 46.26 . ¤ḟile: Feidhlime Ruadh . . . / gá togha is dírighe do luadh gach láimhfhile poet with a patron(?), Hackett² 43.4 . ¤ḟrestal: láimhfhreastal sámhghasda saoitheadh, Hackett² 28.234 . ¤ḟritheolad: do láimh-fritheoladh Choncubhair `to deal with C.,' CRR² 82.x . ¤gaí: gur tholl an lamh-gai an luireach, MR 286.1 . ¤gésca twig : lamgesca mora, RC x 74.3 . ¤glanad: lambreit lamghlanta, Anecd. ii 60.17 . ¤glés wringing of hands : mor lámchomart ┐ láimglés . . . fógensat cumala, Alex. 389 . ro crochtha oca he isin laimgles doroindi, YBL 172b18 = SG 74.4 . ¤lecc: imbertside na lamlecca foraib, LU 4966 ( TBC-I¹ 479 ). ¤nert: re cumas láimhneirt, Oss. iii 264.14 . ¤maide: na soighde, ┐ na lámhmhaideadha, Ezekiel xxxix 9. ¤raite by-road, secondary road : madh for laimraitib beacaib, is i nde randait, CIH v 1549.37 . lamraiti .i. iter di sligid 'by-road, i.e. between two highways' EIF 538 . See also ¤rót(a) below. ¤ rinda: lamrinda nó luathrinda .i. ligatura inter diversas picturas gl. plectas ( 1 Kings vii 29 ), Thes. i 1.30 . See lúathrinde. ¤rót(a) (? properly ¤raite, perh. confused with 1 rót, rota) by-road: lamróta .i. iter da ṡligid, Thr. Ir. Gl. 38 = lāmrotae, Corm. Y 1082 = lomrottea, laimroitea, Corm. Bodl. 36.38 . lamhrod .i. ród láimh le ród eile, O'Cl. mad for rot mor . . . mad for laim raitib becaib, O'Curry 2004 ( H 4.22, 31 ). ¤scaíled manumission: mic mhuinntire, ar nach déantar lámhsgaoileadh, TSh. 5121 . ¤scíath small shield : tú ar láimh-sgiath lá an ghuasochta, A. Ó Dálaigh xix 4. trí chéud láimhsciath, 1 Kings x 17 . ¤scor: gursad . . . lúthmhar ar lámsgor `till our hand teams are . . . spirited', CRR² 62.12 . ¤smacht: na mic nach bí sgaoilte ó lámh-smacht a n-aithreach, TSh. 5122 . ¤thapadh: tuc in t-iarla lamtapadh laechda . . . fora cloidim, ZCP vi 274.32 . As name of Conall Cernach's shield: Lamthapad Conaill Chernaig, LL 12508. ¤thargair .i. oirchi beg no mesan `i.e. a small hound or lapdog', O'Dav. 1153. Cf. lamtairrṅgir, O'D. 2226 ( Nero A vii, 152b ). ¤thoca. As comic n. pr. Lonidh mac Lamthoca, Anecd. ii 55.x , perh. for ¤thoccad. ¤thomus lit. hand-measurement : tugador dhá fhorghomh . . . do na leabhar-armaibh lámh-thómais with their weapons at arm's length(?), ML 136.7 . ¤thorad handiwork, what is produced by weaving, sewing, etc. as opposed to frithgnam: abras . . . .i. lamt[h]orud inailte, Corm. Y 90 . ben lamtoruid `a woman of profitable handicraft', BCrólige 31 . leath do mnai a etach no lamtorad snithiu handiwork consisting of spun material (of what is due to a woman when separating from husband), Laws ii 372.15 . See Thurn., ZCP xv 340 - 1 . See also sníthe. As comicn. pr.: Lenn ingen Lamthora (Lamthoraid v.l.), Anecd. ii 56.2 . ¤thúag: lámtuag gl. hoc manuale, Ir. Gl. 857 . ¤thort. Fig. of warrior: lamtort n-irgala uae beolaig Bressail, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 22 § 2 . meic Labradha lamhtort n-irghalach, LL 393a54 .

With adjj. (many of the follg. are applied to individuals as sobriquets). ¤daith nimble-handed . Of Cú Chulainn: an lāmdhait[h], Fianaig. 42.y . ¤derg: Lugaid lámderg, MacCarthy 176 § 6 . RC xx 136.20 . Frequ. of Leinster and Leinstermen: ri coicid lámdeirg Lagen, CRR 26.7 . DDána 100.26 . ¤des: Loarn laimdheas, Todd Nenn. cv.z . As n. pr. = Manus Dextera, Reeves Ad. 136.z . ¤dóitech. As comic n. pr.: Lámdóiteach mac Lethircind `Wristy-hand', MacCongl. 77.22 . ¤échtach: Mac Lugach [lámechtach], Acall. 227 . re Lúghaidh lámhéachtaicc Lágha, Flower Cat. 401.z . ¤ḟíal: ó C[h]orc . . . lāimhf[h]īal, Ériu ix 177.4 . ¤ḟind: Lugóir . . . lámfind, LL 2428. As n. pr. Láimhḟionn is Lámhghlas, Keat. ii 523 . ¤ḟota: is hé . . . leithinchind lamfota, TBC-LL¹ 5400. In n.pr. Lug(aid) Lámḟota: airemh Logha Lamhfoda for na Fomhoraibh, TBC St. 570. As nickname: Osbrit lamfota, BDD 116 . ¤gel: Lughach laimgheal, Duan. F. ii 72 § 22. Fiachaidh láimh-gheal, ML 86.24 . ¤garb: Mani L., RC xiv 426.10 = xxiv 276.16 . ¤gerrtha: laochraidh láimh-ghearrtha, TSh. 6610 . ¤glan: a degmic lāmglain Lūachāin, BColm. 50.17 . ¤glas: Láimhḟionn is Lámhghlass, Keat. ii 523 . ¤grod: go lámh-ghrod dian, Oss. iv 132.22 . ¤idan: d'Aengus Laimhiodhan, Anecd. ii 37 § 2 . ¤licthe: nadh bi lamlicthi (of a food-rent), O'Curry 880 ( H 3.18, 393b ). ¤nertmar: go m-biadh sé láimhneartmhar go leor, Oss. iii 268.19 . ¤rúad: Lugaid Lamruad, RC xx 136.24 . ¤thapaid: ina laem loinrech lasamain lamthapaid, Ann. Conn. 1256.6 . go leidhmheach lámhtapaidh, AFM vi 2072.15 . ¤thenn: fear láimh-theann, Oss. iv 110.2 . ad lamchara laímhtheanna . . . bar trenmilídh, BB 419a25 .

With vb. gaibid in artificial formation: nondalámgaba gl. mancipare, Ml. 43a2 .

1 los

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 los or dil.ie/30698
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: loise, lois, loss, losa

n o, m. Appar. also ā, f. g s. loise, ZCP ii 556.21 , d s. lois, RC xvii 383.12 (Tig.) (= los, CS 274.16 ; loss, AFM ii 842.21 ), n p. losa, O'Curry 827 ( H 3.18, 37a ).

I

(a) end, butt, foot, point (of a staff, stick, etc.): focherded a bunsach ríam conda gebed ar loss resíu dorótsad a bun for lár, LU 4869 . co lois na Bachla Issa, RC xvii 383.12 (Tig.). do sgeinn tobar uisge a ndiaig loise na bachaille, ZCP ii 556.21 (= cos, see 19 ). gurab tré bhonn Aonghusa do chuir Pádraig l.¤ a bhaichle, Keat. iii 361 (= rinn, 363 ). buille do l.¤ a throsdain with the butt-end of his staff, ZCP x 10.10 . sciath . . . co n-a loss imthróm iarnaide, LL 189b2 . croch . . . a mbel na piasta, ┐ a cros rena carpat uachtarach ┐ a ll.¤ rena carpat ichtarach, Laud 610, fo. 8a (Plummer MS. notes). tucadur leó he co l.¤ na croichi (pes crucis), Smaointe B. Chr. 3999.

(b) stem of a drinking-horn(?): go n-a naoi gcornaibh do (leg. co?) losaibh óir, Ériu i 95.3 . Of altar vessels: ceithri corn (g pl.) . . . robris imorro ┐ tall a n-innmusa ┐ a lasa[d] (leg. losa) dibh, AU ii 226.9 = lossa, AFM iii 110.4 .

(c) tail of an animal; tip of the tail(?): l.¤ .i. erball, O'Cl. iss ithi lochad co a llos. Slucid iarum erboll na llochad, RC xiii 446 § 30 . luchóg go n-a l.¤ do shlogadh, Keat. ii 2521 . nuimir mor do deilgnibh iarnaidhe ar a losaibh, Aisl. Tond. 104.15 . By extension, of a cloak: bruitt dubglassa fá loss i forcipul impu, TBC-LL¹ 4359.

(d) By transf. gain, increase, result : dober . . . luth ┐ nert céit in gach fer acuibh . . . ┐ dober loss ┐ solad daibh arnach bid urcra, RC xiv 36 § 28. ? crābud in buirb co n-indmus, l.¤ diūit nit goire a grīs, ZCP vii 311 § 16.

(e) In particular, produce or young of cattle , usually in contexts where the cattle, through having been stolen or temporarily forfeited, have been in the possession of others not their owners, and during this period have calved: l.¤ .i. fas, Lec. Gl. 326 (M 139) . l.¤ .i. na laigh, O'D. 1122 ( H 2.15A, 56 ). ní fo-roxla taide no cnet . . . as-renar cona fuillem co ndiablad aithgine, mad marbdile; mad beodile co n-as ┐ l.¤ ┐ fuilled ┐ fuillem `Jungen', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 38 § 18 . as ┐ l.¤ ┐ geart `Junge (die Kälber)'. ZCP xv 240 § 3 . icuidh aithgin a chota gan l.¤, gan as, gan inorbairt he pays the exact amount of his share without the natural increase, Laws iv 256.15 Comm . (of one who had absconded without payment of his share of a debt but his `fine' had paid it for him. On his return he must pay simply the original amount of his liability). techta fuillema gill dobeir ben bo-aireigh ┐ occaireich la Feine; ni taibret . . . acht lusaib a cethra `they give but in the produce of their cattle' (something omitted before lusaib?), v 386.26 . madh geall do berur fri fiachuibh ┐ bidh l.¤ for in fiach, dia mbe fonuidm in luis is a ícc, i 280.13 , 14 Comm . muna be fonuidm . . . ní híctur acht colunn náma; ┐ taisiuc in gill, cid geall luis, 17 Comm . co fuillem .i. mblechta, no losa .i. innuth, O'Curry 827 ( H 3.18, 379 ) (see indad). cona buar bera acht leth loss, . . . .i. . . . leith in neich ro losustar acut . . . , O'Curry 440 ( H 3.18 237a ). scaile[d] a set arin los, Laws v 438.12 Comm . (? = `alienating the principal for interest on it', Plummer MS. Notes).

II In prepositional phrases and compounded with oen has the meaning end, purpose, consequence (perh. also in: cáit assa tecait? . . . nó co lus tíagait `to what end?', Acall. 6285 ): oen-lus (see also ar oen-lus, below) intention, set purpose : guach cach brathum, aen-lus ┐ taige (= táide) `intentional or with concealment', Laws v 458.5 . it comarda a n-eiric aen-lus ┐ taige, 10 .

ar óen-lus intentionally, deliberately : nach ar ealguin . . . na ar aonlus, O'Curry 1770 ( 23 Q 6, 37a ). im cāinte . . . ┐ gona . . . cid ar aon lus dognethur ni digbunn a laneineclunn ium nech, Laws i 58.14 Comm . benaimsi in cluiccīn sae / . . . ar ōenlus / co nā hesboi Doelgus daith, Cáin Ad. 18 . as mor na coirthe do chomaentaigh sibh do denam ar oen l.¤ gl. mor bar ccionta comraite, Leb. Gab.(i) 32 n.7 . mad ar oenlus asbera nech in goi `deliberately', Ériu vii 158.7 . banbeim ar aenlus, . . . sarughudh ar aenlus, Laws iv 364.4, 6 Comm . ? Amloṅgaid ān Ōengus / attreb tōeba Temro, dosnort aridn-ōenlus (? leg. arind o.), Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 4 (`by his sole strength', Hail Brigit p. 7 ). Also d'óenlus: ba fora iarair d'aonloss do dheochattar, Hugh Roe² 10.13 .

a l.¤ , ar l.¤ , di l.¤ , i l.¤ l. (a) in consequence of, as a result of, on account of: a l.¤ a carut, Laws ii 280.16 (see ZCP xiv 369 § 31 ). l.¤ .i. son, as bhar l.¤ .i. as bhar son, O'Cl. a láimh gach [aoin] aigérus asa l.¤ who shall sue on their account, O'D. 547 ( H 3.17, 436 ). ba cara doib Gorthigern a l.¤ a mna, LU 232. ro gab eacla . . . Find assar l.¤-ne on our account, Acall. 6506 . a ll.¤ crochi Crist didiu nach ecail lind gorta, LB 233b48 . ro mallachtastair Noe Cam a ll.¤ a nderna, BB 5a2 . saiget do chur i Maoilechlainn . . . ┐ a écc as a l.¤ in consequence, AFM iv 800.11 . ar l.¤ corbaidh mhna Cuind `because of the depravity', Ériu iii 154.29 . ar l.¤ aimlesa `on account of a false charge', Ann. Conn. 1254.7 . tú ós ar gcinn-ne, a chros Eoghain, / m'inmhe ar a l.¤ laighdeobhaidh, DDána 65.4 . Similarly, ar losaib: ar losaibh dhoirre Domhnaill `because of D.'s anger', Studies 1924, 242 § 8 , cf. ar losain [leg. losaibh ?] an trír do thuit / an tír fa chosaibh Cormuic for the sake of (the sons of Uisnech). Aithd. D. 6.31 . truagh a Mhuire ar lén da l.¤ , L. Cl. A. B. 142.99 . cf. 138.95 . do thromluigh ceas lonn dā l.¤ , Hackett liv 24 . a marbad i llos na n-eladhan sin do beith acco, Acall. 6094 . 'na l.¤-sain 'na loighe atá, DDána 79.12 . go gcailltear a l.¤ an bháis an onóir shaoghalta leis na daoinibh bhíos mórdha ré linn a mbeatha (? simply after), TSh. 916.

(b) by means of, by dint of, by virtue of: a ll.¤ a lín is a craind / Beoan iascairi Comgaill / dosrat, LU 3071 . ceṅglaidsi in fersain a llus nirt, LL 2545 . ro briss a ll.¤ chlaidib chróin / for síl n-airdairc ṅHerimóin / cath Éle, 2000 . nocor' gabh Iúil Césair . . . a l.¤ a lámha, CCath. 68 . gur tairrnccedar . . . an chruit as a lambuibh a los éiccin by main force, Ériu iv 61 § 52 . tairccsin mheallta muinntire Brenainn don diabhal hi llos ítan, BNnÉ 63 § 90 . dochuaid as ar l.¤ a lama, Ann. Conn. 1230.7 . ni claidhfidis fir in talman . . . ar l.¤ nirt na nidhecais é, ZCP vi 44.29 . ar lus na lethláim (sic) using one hand only(?), TBC-LL¹ 2123 (see Études Celt. iv 317 ). dia mbēraind hi lloss retha hí don ḟēin uile, ZCP xii 375.12 . bith a deimin accutt nach i lus ghaile inā gaiscid rachu isin inad naobh sin, Grail 3745 . ? dorala Arcomenus . . . a lloss claidib fri Hechtoir `came to blows with', TTr.² 960.

(c) Of dragging by: a ngabail a l.¤ a mullaig eiste, . . . a tarrung a l.¤ a putrull mun dighsit cena (of an abbot expelling monks), Laws v 208.26 - 27 Comm . coro thairṅgiset . . . chucu in ṁboin sin loch a llus a herbuill, LL 21197 . a tócbail a ll.¤ a fuilt `by the hair of her head', PH 1394 . rotharraing Concubar Ilbreach a l.¤ a chinn chuigi, Caithr. CC 45.15 .

(d) about, concerning : ro doilbit sceoil bregi imda . . . a llus Cesair, CCath. 750. cf. Hugh Roe² 236.21 . scēl lem a llus na mbennacht / fa ḟūair Muiri mōrchendacht concerning(?), ACL iii 244 § 3 . cidh drochcelmaine atcluinim asa loss, CCath. 4051 . a ll.¤ tuarastail, RC xviii 271.30 (Tig.). sith do denam . . . risna hespocaib . . . ar lus feraind Patrisius hi Connachtaib, Ann. Conn. 1241.12 (`on account of').

(e) in charge of, concerned with (cf. i mbun): mac in chírmaire a llus chír, LL 18797 . da m-bammar ac Scathaig / a llus gascid gnathaig, TBC-LL¹ 3466 . in t-aél a llus in bíd / iss ed as chubaid ra hardríg, LL 300ay . fiarfaighis de in bó lonn leis beith a ll.¤ proinne na manach, BNnÉ 28 § 31 .

(f) about to: in tan adconnairc Lusus a athair do thoitim, ┐ Aenias a l.¤ a chind do buain de `about to shear off', Aen. 2631 . truagh fós, gan faicsin t'fhiodhbhadh / liom, ar l.¤ mo cheiliobhradh, Celtica iv 116 § 8 .

Compds. (i) With adj. ¤ard: ? scoirpioin In[d]ecda ba l. side luagh a n-iarcomlai foraib, BB 494b36 = scorpíon Indecda dorala for a iarcómla a mboi ina sesum, Alex. 705 . ¤chael: mil . . . / liath luath loscael, IT iii 43 § 56 ( ¤chlaen, v.l. 14 § 30 ). ¤glan: cethri cuirnd losglana im loinn fair-shanked, Fen. 370.16 . ? ¤ḟinn white-tailed, white-tipped(?): cet ndart flann, cet ndairti loisinn, O'Curry 784 ( H 3.18, 367a ).

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