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adás

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adás or dil.ie/317

x see atás .

1 adas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 adas or dil.ie/318

predicative adj. folld. by accus., see Thurn. Gramm. § 249 (5) . according to, proportionate to; in keeping with, fit, suitable: bid a.¤ far mbáich it will proportionate to your struggle (Thurn.), Wb. 5d35 . nibu ádas far mbraisse it wasn't in accordance with your boasting, LU 5300 = TBC² 824 . ni bu adass māthair bōid / cath hi Cenindass consōid, ZCP xii 237 § 60. in troscud tráth bas n-a.¤ Ériu ii 65 § 9 . With prep.: bid a.¤ dait . . . in chocélisi fil dait la hUltu, LU 5537 (TBC). ar ní ba hadhas disidhe, Anecd. ii 51.5 . a.¤ quasi ad-as quod ad uisum pertinet , O'Mulc. 72 .

Cf. comadas.

2 adas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 adas or dil.ie/319

conj. (prob. a use of 1 adas , see Thurn. ZCP xx 249 ). Glosses siquidem, utique, quamuis etc., as isolated words. gl. siquidem, Ml. 57b9 ; utique, 76c6 ; quamvis, Sg. 7a7 , 7b7 , 16a1 , 88a1 , 193a2a (adaas), Enchir. Aug. 69a ( ZCP vii 479 ); quanquam, Sg. 17a3 ; si, Thes. ii 48.25 . Before cía, má; a.¤ cia dagnéo gl. si autem quod nolo illud facio, Wb. 3d2 . adascia citabé, Ml. 68d15 . a.¤ ma beit `although they are', Sg. 40a21 .

adḟlaith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adḟlaith or dil.ie/442

n .i. adas-flaith, O'Mulc. 21 .

adgaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adgaire or dil.ie/454

Forms: a(i)thgaire

Meaning doubtful; Thurneysen translates sorcery (Beschreiung, Behexung) ZCP xxi 286 . Thurn. Ir. Recht 36 suggests vn. of ad-gair <*ath-gar-, but no form a(i)thgaire occurs. Cf. dith n-aee, dith n-a.¤ nad hi suilib sinemoin `ineffectualness in claiming back' (Thurn.), Bürgschaft 20 § 60 . Usually associated with ainem, referring to injury or damage of some kind: cin on cin ainem . . . cin a.¤ , O'D. 2226 (Nero A vii 152b). foceird in drúi . . . cúic essa imdegla fair ar guin, ar báduth, ar thein, ar a.¤ ar cach nolc, ZCP viii 310.35 . (Laud 610 96b1). mad ina aighe asrenar comlethet a aighthe do argat . . . ┐ a.¤ nainme i sochaide co cenn teora mbliadan `he sues him for every time that he is reproached with the blemish' (of the wounding of a bishop), Laws iv 364.1 . ruc fath-brithem Almaine / a.¤ cen inmaine Met. Dinds. iv 322.40 (`a loveless summons'). bersa atgaire mo lam feoire fir, LL 209b8 . a.¤ .i. adas-gair, O'Mulc. 23 (see adgair).

anall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anall or dil.ie/3340

adv. stressed on second syll. (exx. of rhyme and alliteration in bardic verse infra). Written anaill, Alex. 579 , Fl. Earls 166.17 . See Thurn. Gramm. § 483 . The form anaill, TBC² 3615 is taken by Thurn., ZCP xii 410 as standing for inn-all thither . Of place from beyond, from the opposite side, híther: tar muir a.¤ , Trip.² 331 . dar glend a.¤ hither over the glenn, MU² 494 . do-lotar trá forsin farci a.¤ hi tír n-Érend, BDD 23 . ro ráthaiged . . . as[in] tig a.¤ Ingcél I. was perceived from the house, 71 . adainter . . . in Bruden . . . ┐ dorró- bdad a.¤ co fá thrí the B. is set on fire . . . it was quenched from within, 143 . isind leith a.¤ on the opposite side, 74 . fá cáin a.¤ a tax (imposed) from abroad, Keat. ii 5754 . Extended applications: transitiuum . . . .i. gním dosom i nnach naile innunn ┐ is césad do ṡuidiu gním o nach ailiu foir sem a.¤ , Sg. 209b12 . is bes tra isind libursa briathra na salm a.¤ (written over the line) do erlabrai ánd ┐ bertair dano briathra asin stoir sea innun fo fuillned inna salm innunn to quote (from another book), Ml. 26c6 (verba psalmorum superiorum, Zeuss 611 ). is airi trimirothorndiussa indium inna huilisa asrubartmar ánáll `we have mentioned above', Wb. 8d26 .

In phrases: innonn ┐ a.¤ on all sides: robaí fe 'nund ┐ fe a.¤ in dúsin essgal ┐ tessgal, LL 12961 . na cathaighthe a.¤ 's anonn `temptations on every side', Aithd. D. 51.13 . ar na bhogadh anonn sa nall `tossed to and fro', Prov. xxi 6 . (di) ṡíu ┐ a.¤ from this side and that, from both sides: cona dích- theth carpat friae di síu nách a.¤ from either direction, LU 4798 (TBC). roferadh cobleng croda etarru dísiu ┐ a.¤ on both sides, RC x 185.3 . imda . . . sruthide fola for toebu trenfer siu ┐ a.¤ do macu I., LB 129b44 . secht mile isseadh torcair idiu ┐ a.¤ ettorrae, FM i 318.2 .

With the prep. FRI: fri muir robur a.¤ `beyond the Red Sea', Ml. 124c24 . altarach .i. frie a.¤ (gl. nihil ultra) `on the other side of it', Sg. 71b1 . glend lán di thenid fris a.¤ , LU 2145 ( FA 21 ). coromarb nonbur friss a.¤ `on the other side of him', RC iii 178.10 .

With the idea of motion much reduced (here written andall and perh. a separate word): interrogaverunt horam specialem in qua ille effectus est abbas ┐ ba sí húarsom douargaib A. ind soscele andall (i.e. in Scotland; almost = tall, q.v.), Mon. Tall. 162.33 (§ 85) . co cruthaigfea in Comdiu andall curpu na esergi (i.e. in the other world), LU 2594 (edd. suggest reading thall as in l. 2587 ).

Of time of yore, hitherto, heretofore: fo bith an chotuigh a.¤ `from of yore', Blathm. 311 . ní bíd clad . . . i nHére isind amsir a.¤ co tanic remis mac nÁeda Slani, LU 10569 . analadh a.¤ uile / o tus betha, LL 395a17 . a gabala uili a.¤ hitherto, Fen. 48.1 . rí agá ndubrad nert a.¤ a king ever regarded as powerful, O'Gr. Cat. 378.4 . de cheniul Tuathail Techtmhair ┐ Ugaine Mair a.¤ , MR 1.5 . fedh na bliadhna so a.¤ `in the course of the past year', RC xxix 114 § 11 . With various prepp. With FRI: fris an mbliadhain sin a.¤ `during the preceding part of this year', FM vi 2274.z . With CO: lase foruillecta béoil inchalich di mil cosse a.¤ `when the lips of the chalice have hitherto been smeared with honey', Wb. 7d9 . rob ainfethaig firu Hērenn a n-imthūs Táno cosin a.¤ , Arch. iii 3.20 . co gin Mic Maire . . . / a.¤ o tus domain, LL 395a24 . co sin a.¤ till that happens, Críth Gabl. 264 . mani dernat co cenn mís dotíagat for cairdde ná[d] lenat a lepthai cucai a.¤ i.e. the aire échta is not responsible for their protection any longer, 362 and p. 71. With ó: Dathi anall `from the time of D. onward', Ériu ii 186.15 . nī bīad rí ō Ess a.¤ , ZCP viii 223 § 21 . co ro-fíugrad . . . o chein mair a.¤ esergi Crist, PH 3423 . a.¤ ó dhortadh díleann `downwards from the pouring of the flood', TD 28.3 . otha a.¤ `henceforward', Fél. 6.10 .

Extended forms (see Ped. ii 196 - 197 ): ? co Dún Brí anal[l]a over to Dún Brí, BColm. 60.28 . a-nallamhain (: Lughaidh), Ériu ix 165 § 22 . anallamhuin (: mbonaibh) in times of old, Gleanings 30 § 8 . a-nalloin (: balloibh), PBocht 5.1 . a-nall- oin, DDána 63.27 `already', Ir. Monthly 1928, 156 . a-nallan (: anman), PBocht 10.8 . a-nallan (: fharradh), DDána 64.30 . popul na ngente ro baí i ndorchataid pecaid . . . anallana formerly, Trip.² 50 . cid so or cách. ni bu adas a cóemna rosbai-seom anallana, LL 279a19 . anallana . . ., PH 2244 . analluna (: amudha), Content. ix 23 .

In phr. anois (aniodh) (┐) analla(i)n now and always (of past): congbhaid anos a-nallan, Content. xxviii 3 . t'éighis anois 's anallain, xviii 74 . aniodh 's anallain, DDána 92.4 ; cf. suil tháireas gus a-noise a-nallamhain, 83.6 `from that day till this', Ir. Monthly 1921, 419 . anall-út, -ód: anallút (coming from) over there (of a boat), LU 1869 . Fionn . . . / do bhí neartmhar a-nall-ód, DDána 112.8 . annála na n-ard-fhlaitheadh anall-ód of yore, TSh. 5476 . a nallód of old, Jer. xxviii 8 .

Forms with in- for an- (under infl. of prep. i n-): i nallut, Laws ii 94.8 Comm. inallana, PH 4473 . i n-allód (= antiquitus), Keat. i 106.19 . inall, FM v 1868.14 .

atás

Cite this: eDIL s.v. atás or dil.ie/4573

Forms: addaas, adaas, adas, adoa(sa), ataí, atæ

v (see Thurn. Gramm. 478 ) than is: addaas, Ériu ii 144 § 159 . adaas, Sg. 190a4 . adas , 16a1 (see ÉC xi 112 ). With other parts of verb: adoa(sa), Thes. i 485.31 ( Tur. 25a ). ataí, LU 8751 . atæ, IT ii2 213.18 . See daas, indaas, 3 ol.

bág

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bág or dil.ie/5152

Forms: -aib

n ā, f. Perh. not orig. distinct from báid, q.v. for reff. to IGT Decl.; ascription of certain exx. doubtful.

(a) boast, threat, promise, undertaking, declaration: bagh .i. geall—ut est do bert . . . bagha . . . for sluaigeadh, Thr. Ir. Gl. 58 s.v. barr. baghi (sic). .i. gnim [ut est] baghas ar mbagha finda, O'Dav. 324. bagh .i. briathar, O'Cl. bag ┐ maidhem a threat (to inflict an injury) and a boasting (of injury inflicted), O'C. 2422 ( Eg. 88, 33b ). bagh .i. ria ndenam chinaidh .i. an bagh re séd sundradach a specific threat (?), ibid. Cf. 2571 . Cf. maidhem iar ndenam cina, 2424 (33c). faisneis fir iar mbagha esamna .i. iar mbagha dó do dén olc frit ┐ adeir go lasamail, do den olc. Ocus is de ata, `ni bera fiacha fear bagha lasaman,' 2595 (50e). rom-ṡóerae, á Íssu,/ ar écnairc do báge, Fél. Ep. 490 (: pláge). ar na ructha do bag it cend that your boasting might not be turned against you, LU 8990. ar ngníma ropsat mára/ar mbága rapsat beca, Ériu i 72 § 4 ( LL 29430 ). ro bruiset baig ┐ brethir i cend demuin, LL 364 marg. sup. na briss brethir [na briss] baíg, TBC 3509. eipstil co mbágaib ┐ tómthaib ┐ ironaib innti, Alex. 782. Cf. PH 1131. borrfad is báig, SG 65.13 . cidat mora bar mbága frimsa . . . ni chumaic nech uaib ni dam, LB 115a32 . nó maided for hUltaib. . . . Nī collad bāg hi suidiu (i.e. the undertaking was fulfilled), ZCP viii 319.8 (Laud Gen.). ní ba bréc in bágh it will be no idle boast, SG 88.2 . do regra na bagi sin to answer that challenge, Cog. 74.23 . cend mic Conaing ina láimh, / do bháigh for ionchaibh mic Taidhg, FM i 504.z (`to exhibit it before the face of'). anat for mbriatra bági boastful words, LU 8425 ( FB 29 , rhet.). ? sgiath an bhádha mar do bhual, Aithd. D. 63.23 (`the shield of His love'). ? ba b.¤ ám dait-siu ga (= cía) dobertha do greimm catha gan díchill lind i[n]diu (Medb to Fergus), TBC 5942 = ba coir duit-si, TBC St. 4812. ba bāg dōibsom an toitim oc tesorcain a n-eiti, TBC² 3435. Cf. ba slúagad baga (buadha, v.l.) dó in sluagad a hosting in fulfilment of an undertaking, TBC 463.

As vn. E. oc báig mo marbtha frim threatening to kill me, RC xiii 377.10 . inn ingen asatái oc báig boasting , TBC 3497. do chualaigh . . . na fineadha ag báidh dá bhuan- dhíochur threatening to expel him, ML 80.22 . bátar occ báigh ┐ acc baccar dul do indradh Tíre Conaill, FM v 1812.4 .

(b) fight, contest, striving; act of contending, etc.: comrama et baga Poil `P.'s conflicts and battles' gl. bonum certamen certaui, cursum consummaui, Wb. 30d12 . bid adas far mbáich, 5d35 (`proportionate to your struggle', Thurn. Gramm. § 249.5 ). a sgel nglan / di bagaib Dhe `contests', Blathm. 93. rugais mac friom baigh to contend on my behalf (?), 156 (`of whom I vaunt'). robūi oc bāid fri Conchobar, Ériu ii 26 § 7. fri báig is búnad prímda `for battle he is a pre- eminent stock', Thes. ii 295.14 . ciṅg báge, Fél. July 24 . bagh .i. cath, O'Cl. ni comtig beó da mbágaib, TBC 4390. nonbur 'sa mb.¤ ri Bregmag, Met. Dinds. iv 340.6 . oen tarb . . . rempu / . . . / oca mbáig ar búaraib defending (?), 70.27 . fri (= frim, TBC² 1212 ) baga berai fri náimtiu ascada cen claideb fa allud, LU 5686 (rhet.). a cléth bága fría naimtiu, TTr.² 1621. fer bagha ┐ buancosanta Lethi Cuind, RC xviii 285.6 (Tig.). ar bid tresi ar mbagi anāit baga Foraind, BB 240a18 . buadugad cacha bágha, MR 258.23 . déd ban ┐ bel corcra / dán trén bágh an banntrochta, Prole- gomena 45 § 25 . báigh 'na n-aighidh to fight them, Aithd. D. 33.16 . gabhaidh báigh gach aoinfhear undertakes battle (?), 38.23 . i nDruim Ríg . . ./ luid b.¤ for macc nDomnaill the fight went against, Arch. Hib. ii 55 § 13. is maith chosnaidh a Briain do báidh, Cog. 78.5 . Cf. Caithr. Thoirdh. 111.3 . Aithd. D. 39.6 . báidh d'eas nó d'aol do d'fhaoilinn / red chnes chaoilshlim competes (in whiteness) with (the foam of) the waterfall, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 216.35 . iarna luathletradh . . . do bagaid (leg. -aib) bidbad, ZCP xxx 69.1368 ( LL 408az ).

lá bága day of battle; a day's fighting: sind ló baga sa, TBC 444. as usa limsa aisg d'fulang na gan cungnam le mo cairdib is in lo bágha sa aniu, MR 284.23 . naoimh . . . an bheatha / . . . / go dteagaid linn i lá bágha, DDána 25A. 31 . do thabairt a lai bágha lea bunadh ceineoil, MR 284.17 . thugais linn do lá bágha you fought on our side for a day, DDána 30.16 . Cf. fri huair ṁbáge the threatened hour (?), the day of conflict (?), SR 5115.

With various verbs: slúag romaith ind rígsa / lasa tá mo bágsa `along with whom is my fight', Fél. Ep. 162. lámh oirbheartach ré mbí ar mbágh, A. Ó Dálaigh xviii 4. bágim báig for Laignechaib, LL 6343. na fer báig a Fergus ar buaib sceó mnáib Ulad, LU 6623 (rhet.). na fer baig . . . dit díth claidib, 5429 (rhet.). ni math d'ferus baíg / darochar a Chú (Fer Diad speaks), TBC 3962. a Ḟlaind . . . / nocho lind beri do báig, LL 7531. in oen-ḟecht dobertis a mbaig, CRR 57. cet cia théis fri báig, Fél. 4.14 . fuair a dochar dol re mbaigh (leg. baigh), Anecd. ii 39 Poem 23 § 3 . doconnarc-sa F. ag slaidhe slúagh ar ar bris báigh, Fianaig. 80.22 . do-ní in fer ´s a síd so | báig im a rígaib rompa `boasts (or `contends´) about its kings´ Celtica xix 40 § 2 .

(c) warlike qualities (?), boldness: at mathi . . . Fir Breg . . . im blad im báig im cridechairi, LU 4267. bar mbaid ┐ [b]ar mbeodacht fen, TTebe 2710 . eter . . . gráin ┐ báig ┐ chostud, TBC 5172.

? nach b.¤ forsa torchair / mo menmae múad medrach `battle,' Fél. Ep. 361 (promise ?). nir ba h-aitherrach báigi na bisig, MR 314.23 . do bhrígh a báigh / le mnáibh síl gCuinn contending (in generosity) (?), L. Cl. A. Buidhe 236. 143 . deochain bunaid baga, Gorm. Jan. 23 (`warlike'). Petrus co mbaig mbunaid, Aug. 27 (`blessing').

Freq. in chevilles: brígach b.¤ , LU 4135. oen-ri bethad bag cach noib, Rawl. 84b37 . bāig go mbloidh, ZCP viii 114 § 15. ní baid briathrach, BB 273b30 (= bágh, LL). Cf. MR 264.6 . báigh briathar, Aithd. D. 8.22 .

In n.pr. Cú Bage, LL 322f1 .

Compds. With noun: M. bagfer, Gorm. March 31. teichis . . a nertaib bághfear as hard as he could go, RC ix 470.x (ICM). With adj.: co lathe brātha bāgmōir, ZCP iii 18.20 .

braise

Cite this: eDIL s.v. braise or dil.ie/6516

n , f. (bras)

(a) daring, boldness (in favourable and unfavourable sense); quickness; nimbleness: co ṁbraissi, Fél.² June 19 .i. co slatra no co solam, xcvii 19 = bras[e] .i. slatratu nó calma . . . fia sluaighedh co mbraisi `with bold- ness', O'Dav. 263. b.¤ gl. lasciuia, Ir. Gl. 36. cen bráth mb.¤ `no sudden destruction', Met. Dinds. iii 452.15 . déine buirbe is b.¤ violence, cruelty and intemperate haste (?), Caithr. Thoirdh. 55.39 . ann adbeba co mb.¤ then she died suddenly, Metr. Dinds. iii 58.3 . (rhet.) gai bolcai ┐ bai brasi (feats of Cú Chulaind), LU 8443 ( FB 30 ). ? noco mor a ghere / noc dene for b.¤ , IT iii 90 § 120.

(b) vaunting, boasting, boastfulness: níbu ádas far mbraisse (mbresi, TBC² 824 ) it wasn't in accordance with your boasting, LU 5301. ni di braisse ni di baithe / bec tasse na Tuathe, LL 1305 = Leb. Gab. 176.15 . gan bhréic mbraissi, SG 21.37 . adeirim rib cen brassi, LB 96 marg. inf. As quasi-vn. robui ac braisi ┐ ac bocasaich uasa cind (i.e. over a prostrate opponent), TTebe 2569 . See bél compds.

coicéile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coicéile or dil.ie/10048

Forms: coicle, coicne, coimchéile, cocéle

n (com + céile). Also coicle, coicne (see Ériu ii 57 n. 2), coimchéile.

(a) Orig. perh. vassal, bondsman (cf. céile). cocéle gl. cliens, Sg. 51a9 . cia diar bo chocéle, LU 5601 (TBC).

(b) companion, fellow, friend (v. freq. with allit. words of similar meaning): ni arddu feisin quam a chocéle `comrade', Sg. 161b9 . camaib caonibh coiccele, Ériu xiii 14.4 . do chomrac re charait re chocle ┐ re chomalta, Táin 2620 . ra n-adnaic a cocni ┐ a chara, LL 31567 (TTr.). co ruc . . . armgaisced a coceli leis, LU 8549 ( FB 40 ). ? bāi grāin for mo choicne má[i]r (: dáil), Fianaig. 10.11 . a clemnu ┐ a coicceliu, CCath. 5559 . mo chomthach mo choceile, TFerbe 532 . do chaoineadh a gcoigcéile, DDána 46.46 . muirnín mic . . . caomhthaigh nó coigéile, TSh. 8621 . marbad mo chomchéli, LL 14136 ( RC iii 184.16 ).

(c) friendship, fellowship : bid adas dait . . . in chocélisi fil dait la hUltu, LU 5537 = in cocēlesi, TBC² 1055 (cf. coicéilsine). nīrbu chres coicne / coimchnis brāithre `winzige Genossenschaft', Ält. Ir. Dicht. 42 § 47 . comar cocless (coicle, v.l.) clemnas, Triads 125 . cia coicne ro bai edraibsi, YBL 138a40 . tri fir choigle `for the sake of true friendship', CS 10.1 . cona dernsad coibnius na coicele `companionship', TTebe 378 . gniseat cogle . . . / E. ┐ E., (`contention'), Mann. and Cust. iii 241 n. Cf. coicell.

comadas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comadas or dil.ie/10573

adj o, ā ( adas ) suitable, fitting, proper , etc. Sometimes written comdas (cf. 1 comdes?). comhdhas .i. comhadhas no coimhdhlightheach, O'Cl. comadassaib doib gl. laudibus `adequate to them', Ml. 88c13 . a[ḟ]orcital c.¤ do chách `suitable teaching', Wb. 8b13 . frecrae c.¤ `a fitting answer', Ml. 30b10 . cétmuinter dligthech comcheníuil c.¤ (comdas v.l.), Críth Gabl. 347 . ben ch.¤ do Máel D., LU 1819 . o Ch. comdas na cned `C., mark for wounds', Met. Dinds. iii 8.95 . C. . . . meic Cairpri comdais, Corp. Gen. 118 x . lan fir c.¤ , Laws iii 118.z Comm.

Predic.: c.¤ lobre et immomon forsin mug `meet (is) weak- ness on the slave', Wb. 8b1 . ind aimsir ba[d] ch.¤ dó `that was fitting to him', 21a1 . is hed ón dano as ch.¤ `fitting', Ml. 90c12 . ni c.¤ du aisndís inna mmaraisndisen-so acht in spiurt noib `only the Holy Spirit is fit' etc., 64d2 . . . . long- um est ut quanta dignum (.i. cómadas) est, tanta dicantur , ZCP vii 483.28 (= Enchir. Aug. 81a ). is c.¤ cauradmír do thabairt dait, LU 8784 . donrig batar uissi (.i. batar uiss no umla no innraice no comadais), Ir. Gl. 41.6 . fornn ba c.¤ friar cloenré (of divine punishment), SR 3618 (where comdas required by metre, cf. 4778 ). cinnas bad chomdas in sluagad do thecht, LL 7920 ( TBC 456 ). narbo comadhas leo in mac amra ut do beth etir dainib, BB 414a39 . imdaidh bud comadhas do flaith `a couch fit for a prince', Grail 2856 .

Compar. ben budh comadhaise dō inā B. (comadhais v.l.), ML² 582 .

As subst. o that which is fitting; suitability etc.: atait ceithre comadhuis cacha raithe la Féine `Gehörigkeiten', Bürgschaft 41.7 . tainig a comhadhus Croich[ne cr]u ima Elge airbhe (see O'Dav. 388 ), Ériu xiii 20.19 . ?do gair dire dia comhadhais Croichne file, 26 . ar dlighidh gach gradh as a mámaibh techta, saorus a nemhthes a cóir a comhadhus, 33.16 . trī randa dorigne don lind .i. bunad ┐ tānaisi ┐ īarlind ┐ can ní díb-sin dia comadus without any of them being fit for them, BColm. 74.26 . taet cach grād ria ch.¤ , Arch. iii 314 § 24 . maithi na h-arm-se omm . . . is é so mo ch.¤ this is the one that is right for me, TBC 109 ( LL 8502 ). Moc[h]omōc comadusa (= -us-sa) don C[h]oimdidh cōimidh, ZCP xiii 15.10 . cech fer cíuil cona ch.¤ with his instruments(?), MU² 197 . ropad léor lem gilla a chomadais dom muntir na agid, LU 5961 . ō nach bfaghann bean ar banais / acht éinfhear a comhadhuis only one man to suit her, KMMisc. 356.2 . See com-.

Attrib. g s. cor comadais `a meet covenant', Laws iv 34.2 . amal coir comadais Caisil proper, Ériu xvi 65.36 . in-ilchrichaib comadais, Rawl. 107b6 . a clíar comhadhais, IGT Decl. ex. 964 . hattreb chomadais do'n spirut nóeb, PH 5600 . mo ceile comadais `lawful spouse', Grail 1722 . lan fir comadais eturru `full appropriate denial upon oath', Laws iii 118.8 Comm. cona congaibh comadhais `with suit- able equipment', Hugh Roe² 342.6 .

Predic.: ni comadhais dún diblinaib cunnrad na hingine- sea, Lat. Lives 71.8 . ba comtrom comadais a comlonn, MR 246.2 . ní comhdhais (.i. dliged nó cóir) do mhac gan ferann ┐ ríghe nÉrenn lat, ZCP v 523.31 . narbo comadhais do `that it was not fitting for him', Grail 1339 . arm is coma- dhais do `a weapon befitting him', Laws v 134.1 Comm. im roba comadais lais, Hugh Roe² 244.12 .

2 dar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 dar or dil.ie/14628

Forms: da, ata, atá, atar, adar, attar, dar, tar, inda, in da, anda, indar, in dar, andar, an dar, anndar

in dar lim adv (dar lat, &c.) methinks, methought ; adverbial phrase of unexplained origin (in spite of Stokes, Lism. L. 385 a ). Synonymous with da, ata, atar, inda, indar, with which it should also be etymologically connected. The following is a synopsis of the forms occurring:—

A da: Wb 31 d 5 : noch daleinn ba fírinne yet we supposed it was righteousness. Carm. Mil. i st 2 : dalim rugenair iarsin. LL 251 a 46 : dalei.

ata: Wb 25 b 17 : atalat rabad assu a todiusgud ade. Siaburch. Conc. Eg. ( Anecd. iii 50. 7 ): ata lim is bó rodlelaig; v.l. ita lim, BM Add. 33. 993, fo. 2 b .

atá lim LU 113 (Siab. charp. Conc.). ib. 122 b 18 (Tochm. Emere).

atar: LU 85 b 27 ; 87 b 14 . LL 262 b 39 ; 264 b 37 . Lism. L. 795 . 799 . 1628 . CCath. (15th century MS) 1502 (v.l. dar). 2951 . 3059 . 3310 . 3695 . 4418 . 5295 . Laud 610, 98 b . Aisl. Tun. xviii 3 . FM i 502. 1 (atar la cách).

adar: BDD § 6 . CCath. 405 . 1455 . 2181 . IT iii 15. 10 . BB (v.l. andar). Acall. 5046. 5672 .

attar: Anecd. iii 59. 21 . FM vi 2298. 7 : attar lá gachaen atascíodh.

dar: SR, LU, LL, &c., in all Mid. and Mod.-Ir. MSS. See below.

tar: tar leo, Rel. Celt. ii 186. 27 ; 190. 5 ; 198. 16 .

B inda, in da: Mil 39 c 4 : in da leu som ní, &c. 96 a 6 : inda lasin menmain ní. Carm. Mil. st 4 : indalim ba bráthir dam. ib. st 6 : ba lán ortain indalimm (:barrfind). Trip. 196. 10 , Eg. (15th century MS). Cf. ZCP vii 305 : indollais biodh saoph.

anda: MT 150. 25 ; 152. 28 . Trip. 196. 10 (Rawl.).

indar, in dar: SR 6079 . LU 55 b 2 , 3 . 58 a 35 . 108 b 31 (FB). LL 68 b m. 79 b 36 . 89 a 26 . TBC Ind. TTr.² 1846 . CCath. PH.

andar, an dar, anndar: LU 26 a 15 . LL 55 b 39 . 72 b 17 . 81 b 47 . 91 a 31 . 95 b 46 , 47 , 49 , 52 . 175 b 10 . 371 a y (andar and dar are the usual forms in LL). Anecd. i 48 st 12 (YBL). TFr. 14. 4 ; 26. 10 ; 78. 11 &c. Acall. 4207 . 6202 . Three H. 100. 12 ; 102. 23 . LB 152 a 55 . 238 b 11 (anndar lat). IT iii 17. 4 . FM i 158. 10 ; 470. 10 f.b. ; iii 24 .

Attar in the old text Anecd. iii 59 = atar (i.e. addar) as the frequent writing adar proves. Ata (i.e. adda) and inda are parallel forms; but they do not, as Quiggin (Vorton. Wörter p. 10) thinks, both render a spoken †edàr. The interchange between Wb ata: Mil inda recalls that be- tween Tur, Sg, Laws, LU adás : Mil indás (adoasa, Tur 25a ; adaas quam est Sg 190 a 4 ; adas , Laws v 370. 1 f.b. ; ná bad lia a chénel ata buiden, Trip. i 148. 7 ; am anáithiu atæsiu LU, IT ii2 213 l. 18 ). For the use of in compare perhaps Wb 5 b 34 : si enim Deus naturalibus ramis non pepercit, gl. .i. indat iudei (the branches) which the Iudaei are (which the I. form). The short form da may be original or shortened from ata, the stress falling on the ultimate (noch da lim, Wb, almost as is-na-naicci, cach-la-sel and the like); in the Carm. Mil. it interchanges with inda to suit the metre; similarly dar and indar in SR. The usual ex- planation of the Mid.-Ir. indar as influenced by the deponent verb is wrong, as the form seems to have arisen at a time when the deponent was already on the wane. Early occurrences are SR 1674 : dar lia ba dia airchisecht, and 6079 : indar la; it is quite possible, however, that the original had `da lia ba dia a.' and `inda.' The r originates from the Mid.-Ir. preposition ra, ri = Old-Ir. la, fri, the r becoming an integral part of the preceding da; indar la, then, is a contamination of inda-ra and inda-la: comp. indarra Loegaire in the LU-version of the FBr. § 64 . A similar development is shown by Mod.-Ir. dóigh, maith and aice, which in common speech often become dóil, mail and aicil: an dóigh leat? Is dóil; an maith leat? Is mail (Kerry); i naicil = i naice.

Usually at the head of the sentence, sometimes preceded by `ocus,' or an emphatic `ised' referring to the following sentence as PH 2693 : ised dar lind is ara deggnímradaib rop áil leo olc dfagbáil dó. At the end of the clause: is cosmuil aicned na redland uile dar leinn, TBith., Ériu ii 126. 5 . Also parenthetically: sé míli bliadan ó dénam na ndúl dar lem gur fégadh run rí Éirenn, MacC. 434. 3 (BB). táinig mithid dhúinn dar liom sgaradh OCL 16. 5 . gidheadh a chontrardha sin theagṁas don pheacthach bhíos beó dar leis féin ag bogḟás a mbladhmann, &c., TSh. 239. 5 f.b. Often, when connected with lim or linn, followed by an emphasising particle like ém, ám. In Mid.-Ir. always followed by a principal clause, esp. by an assertive clause with is, ba, ní, &c.: dar liumsa is anocht áidchi tṡamna, Acall. 7653 . dar limsa fuarais furtacht ┐ fóirithin, ib. 7177 . dar le hIúdaidib imorro connicfitís a ḟastad ó bás PH 2044 ; cf. dalim rugenair, Carm. Mil. In the old quotation FM i 502. 1 : atar la cách co mbo páirte cro, the co m- is a late addition of the copyist.

1 sg. dar lim: MacC. 434. 3 . OT § 16 . OCL § 35. 56 . dar liumsa, Acall. 7177 . 7653 . dar lim ám TBC 1412 . 2 sg. dar lat: darlat YBL 149 a 8 . 3 sg. m. dar leis: TBC 4255 (v.l. in dar les). TSh. 106. 23 ; 239. 5 f.b. 3 sg. f. dar lia: SR 1674 . 1 pl. dar linn: dar leinn, TBith., Ériu ii 126. 5 . dar lind: PH 2593 . 2693 . 2767 . dar lind ém TBC 1931 . 3 pl. dar leo: dar leó féin, TSh. 119. 17 . dar leó san, ib. 129. 29 .—dar la: dar le hIúdaidib PH 2044 .

MOD. dar liom, &c. dar liom gob eadh; parenthetically: dairigh sé ciscéim duine dar leis féin gach uair díobh, Séadna 72. 8 ; similarly 56. 26 (dar leó féin). In Waterford `aid' is used instead of `dar.'—Cf. da, ata(r), inda(r).

dlúm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dlúm or dil.ie/17076

n ā,f. mass, nucleus, aggregation: is oénd.¤ índ rándgábál depostfetantes (i.e. the words de post foetantes, Ps. lxxviii 70 , are to be taken together as a compd. participle), Thes. i 5.29 . asberar corp don dlúim máir sin inna pecthach, Wb. 9d5 . dluimm inna senpecthe . . . dluim inna sualche (a s.), 22a25 , 27 . ri rodelb dlūma iartain, | hūra co derb im thalmain, SR 37 . ilar ṅd.¤ ndlomtha, 903 . rodelb [Dia] dluma ┐ uir in talman, Laws i 26 . Ri . . . roscōraig | inna ndlumaib dermōraib | sreith na sliab, SR 222 . Issac . . . ba dluim deg-óir, 2831 . ba sui . . . ba dluimh óir os Erinn, FM 990 . Esp. of a mass or cloud of flame, vapour, etc.: dlum theinedh, AU 916 . tanic dluim sholusta cu S. . . . ut dixit in guth asin neol, LB 238[d]a 58 , cf. Lism. L. p. 313 . ruc Dia úadib F. ina dlúim thened, LU 2791 . ní aicfea delb ndune . . . acht 'na dlúim thentide for lassad, FA § 10 . gnúis rígh Tethbha . . . conus tarla 'na dlúim ndericc (i.e. blazed red with shame), BNnÉ 36 . tuccad in dún . . . fo dluim diad ┐ dergtened, Cog. 80 . batar carpait . . . oscind na catrach . . . co ro shollsigset in catraig .i. na dluma derga noscenntis estib, LB 152b40 . dluma dergga teintide, SR 8085 . co ndessid mar d.¤ dar dreich | immon dún do cach oenleith like a cloud (?) (of beseiging a city), 6959 . ro loiscsit a mbarca ┐ is don dluim ciach bai dib ica loscad . . ., Lec. 24a12 . cech adhaig as dorcha a dlúimh | ó doradadh úir tar Aedh darkness, pall , Arch. iii 304 . dlúimhe donn-ruadha drithleacha ag dearg-losgadh, TSh. 6627 . Fig. atchúaid Ioseph . . . do Ḟorainn a haislingge | cona dlumaib dluthaib dēin | is co rúnaib . . . obscurities , SR 3367 . Cf. dluimh .i. nēll nō dorc[h]adas , O'Cl. Of water: balda quasi bullu .i. ina dluim uisci tuargaibed in topur, Fél. 102 ( Mar. 30 ), cf. O'Dav. 259 . ria ndluim dilend `denseness of the flood', Leb. Gab. 58 . Of a crowd, throng: d.¤ d'iasc ar gach inbhior, Arch. Hib. i 92 . bedid anmanna na pecthach a ndlumaib dubaib disscnemne- chaib, YBL 168b31 . ro-innsaigeadar in dā oll-broinig ina ndlúmaib dicra . . . debtha, MR 222 . Hence dluim .i. imad, O'Dav. 609 . dlúmh .i. iomad, O'Cl. ; Stowe Gl. 111 ; Lec. Gl. 101 .

Compds. ? ¤aicde: admestar humae asa daingnib . . . dlu- maicdib, ZCP xi 94 . ¤cheó: an dluimhcheó diadh ┐ dethaighe dense cloud, FM vi 1962 . ¤grinde: doirrseoracht . . . cacha dlum-grinne duaibsig deabtha phalanx , MR 224 .

Cf. dloim, dlom.

pennaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. pennaid or dil.ie/34271

Forms: pennid, penance, cenispendid

v ā. occas. with i-st. pennid (peinn-, pinn-), does penance (gen. of penance imposed by the Church); with acc., expiates. pres. peindith dī bliadain deac, Ériu vii 140.2 . inti nad penni do reir anmcharut, Rule of Céli Dé § 37 . pen- nind manaich . . . issi pennes (= he does the penance of a monk), Ériu vii 142.7 . in lin bes hi comchetfaid . . . is malle phendait hi pein iffirn, LB 261a53 = moalle peinnit pein hiffirn, Arch. iii 318 § 64 . impf. no ciedh ┐ na [= no] pendedh a pecad, Lism.L. 2738 . subj. pres. nāro faomae coibsena neich mani pendea, Mon. Tall. § 54 . mani penda, ib. cenispendid though they do no penance, § 23 . mani penne do reir apad, Ériu i 218 z . coro pinne ┐ coro erce in t-olc doronsat `till they do penance and pay eric', Laws v 120.11 Comm. subj. impf. acht ro pennead a n-ilpeacta, v 448.2 (text). fut. ó peinnfes ┐ ó éircfes, H. 3.17 c. 537 ( O'Don. 738 ) = o finnfes ┐ o ércfius, Laws iv 292.12 . condit. in pendit no peinebad the penance which he would have performed, Mon. Tall. 86 . o ro pindfead ┐ o ro eircfead, Laws v 448.14 Comm. perf. ro phend in gilla ┐ doroine aithrige, Lism.L. 1635 . cid a ndoronad and do baís bes niro phendsemmar ind, LL 280a10 . Generally impers. in pass.: coiscther menip dethbirius, pendither iar sin, ZCP xiii 30.6 (peindither v.l.). ni pennither fri nach duine `no penance is imposed in respect of any man', Ériu vii 162.8 . cethardha nā pennither hi tir nErenn which are not liable to penance, Rule of Céli Dé § 38 . In wider sense? is mo pentar adas adgairethar `he is more liable to fine than suit', Laws v 370.23 (text).

See pennait, which is used as vn.

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