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1 adb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 adb or dil.ie/326

 

Forms: aidhbhe, adhbha, adhbha

n in phrase a.¤ chiúil. adhbh (chiúil) f. (g s. aidhbhe, adhbha , n p. adhbha ), IGT Decl. § 39 . musical instrument: badar . . . timpana et clairsiocha ┐ gach adbh ceóil . . . ag a seinm inntib, Aisl. Tond. 114.6 . orgáin ┐ adhbha ciúil, Desid. 2639 . an adhbh chiúil do bí na bhois / carbh gan sdiúir í na égmais, IGT Decl. ex. 1077 . cor adbh ciúil gan crand glesta . . . an tuath tar eís Coluim Cille, BCC § 366 (= an doman as cruit gan ceis in poem ib.). go n-dechaid an cráisich tres an aidhbh ciúil ┐ tre uchtbruinne an oirfidich, Celt. Rev. iv 112.11 .

Cf. 2 adba, adbann.

1 adba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 adba or dil.ie/329

 

Forms: adhbha, -aidh, adbad, adhbhadh

n , f. Vn. of *ad-fen (see Lochlann ii 203 ). Later also t, f. adhbha f. (ó dá chéill an tráth téid a réim asda. d s. -aidh. g s. -adh n p. -tha), IGT Decl. § 4 . Also adbad: adhbhadh (: adhbhar), A. Ó Dálaigh xxxviii 5 .

Abode, dwelling place: Beccán . . . hi Cluain aird a adbae, Fél. May 26 . díambá ha.¤ ind a.¤ sin, LU 2458 . robad á.¤ daíscarsluaig, Trip.² 2399 . it adbai do demnaib indsin `these are abodes of the devil', Rule of Tallaght 74 § 42 . a a.¤ bunaid his original home, PH 7302 . isind adbai n-iffernaidi, Ériu ii 142 § 158 . téged cách díb iarom dia adbuid, LB 110b9 . as imdha aitti ┐ a.¤ aili ocon Coimdhi, Lism. L. 3703 . re h-innarba h-anma---in adbaid a n-aigérthar uirre a h-uilc MR 294.2 . i n-adhbhaidh fhalaimh, DDána 17.10 . go hadhba Poil is Pedair, (i.e. Rome), BNnÉ 283.4 .

Of the lairs of animals, etc.: a.¤ ron abode of seals (kenning for the sea), Bruchst. i 65 § 149 ( IT iii 38 § 24 ). ? do berlaib cech mil bladmair / dia n-ergnaib dia n-iladbaib, SR 7264 (could also be referred to 1 adb or 2 adba). a.¤ én, LU 3046 . condaberat leo dia n-adbai (adba, adbaid v.ll.) (locusts carrying away grapes), Ériu ii 192 § 3 . a n-adhpaid con, RC xi 130.38 . i n-a.¤ oss ┐ fíadmíl ┐ sinnach, TBC-LL¹ 5996 . dober-sa cach bó ┐ cach ben díb . . . co aitte ┐ co adbái fadessin, 4757 . gur charas an adhbhadh so tream' oileamhuin uirthe (a stag of the oak in the forest near which he was reared), Celt. Rev. x 136.16 .

Various applications: is a.¤ ega an ni atciam abode of death (i.e. a dangerous place to enter), RC xiv 54 § 66 . iar n-adbai escai .i. rofitir in n-a.¤ i mbí in t-ésca il lo ┐ in grían i n-aidchi RC xxvi 18 § 37 . rop a.¤ sciath ┐ scen, Metr. Dinds. iii 314.5 . Of the grave: in ben mór in Dagda dond / ní duachnid a n-a.¤ and, LU 4140 . a techt i n-hūire a.¤ `the abode of clay' (i.e. the grave), Fianaig. 10.16 . See also under othan. Of the body: inghnadh eagla gum anmain / mo dul as[in] drochadh- phaigh, ZCP xii 367.4 . a ádbai na ndoel (voc.), PH 8256 . iar ndenumh ádbai indat, 8278 (the body to the soul). Of a warrior: adhbha na gcraoiseach, LL 394.29 . an fer bhus adhbha sochaidhe coiseóna féin Righe `rallying-point', ITS v 26.6 . In Laws translated property: amboi (= ambua) adba .i. domo (= doma) seoit, Laws v 182 n.2 . fobith bana.¤ taisic `because female possession reverts', Laws iv 16.24 .i. fon fath is a.¤ dar coir aisec in feraind, 18.12 Comm. In kennings: Adhbha Ír Ireland, TD 19.16 . adhbha . . . chuaine Chuirc Cashel, 5.10 . Of ship: nach raibh aco lóng gan leónadh ná athbha gan fosgla, CF Eg. 22 .

2 adba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 adba or dil.ie/330

 

n in phrase a.¤ chiúil. f. IGT Decl. § 4 . Prob. same word as 1 a.¤ musical instrument: co bfogur mbinn os gach . . . vil[e] adba ciuil, Aisl. Tond. 114.22 . Perh. also: m'tabhra fa dheóidh gan deóra / d'adhbha cheóil an chláirseóra, IGT Decl. ex. 1300 . i n-adhbhadhaibh ceoil amháin (= in musicis solum instrumentis), Keat. i 40.11 . an tan do thaighleadh a lámh / a nadhbhuidh chiúil go cómhlán, Manners and Customs iii 273.40 . noch . . . gléasas dóibh fein adhbhadha ciúil, `instruments of musick', Amos vi 5 . Without qual. gen. guth adhbhadh viols, Isaiah xiv 11 . ar adhbha dheich ttéad, Psalms xcii 3 . Cf. adb, adbann, aidemm. In meaning of adbann: dob' í a adhbha ciúil / . . . / seinm a each, síonghlór na sriobh, L. Cl. A. B. 156.73 .

adma

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adma or dil.ie/491

 

adj io, iā knowledgeable, skilful, dexterous: duni conái dligid De / . . . / co ngnim a.¤ nad chlithe, SR 451 . Adiar a.¤ irdaig múr, 4191 . F. . . . ri Ulad a.¤ , LL 17123 . fer ard a.¤ ro-bíd co amra / in cech berlu, Todd Nenn. 228.3 . la grain . . . a ngallarm ar narbhó hadhma eolaig Erendaigh ríamh gósin `for the Irish had no knowledge of them before this', Hugh Roe² 34.3 (fo. 9b) . ba ha.¤ eolach Ercail isin ceird sin, CCath. 2938 . o rop adhma som isin ealadhain, Hy Fiach. 78.9 . sil nAeda a.¤ i ndebaid, Rawl. 84a49 . guidhim an slógh mór manach / im Bheinidheacht . . . / gach manach bhus adhma (adhbha v.l.) orm / do thabhach mh'anma a hIofarnn, `every monk who is known to me' (who knows about me?), Dán Dé xxv 64 . Of an instrument: cen garmna cruind co ndruine / cen chlaidbe a.¤ fige, Metr. Dinds. iv 332.30 ( LL 193b50 ). adhma .i. eolach, O'Cl. See also under aidme.

adnúall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adnúall or dil.ie/526

 

adj (núall): ar n-adhbha ceōil fhirbhinn adhnūall sweet of sound , Butler Poems 605 .

1 áel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 áel or dil.ie/618

 

n o lime, chalk (See ZCP xxiv 93 ): di á.¤ ┐ chrieid gl. onera, Ml. 102d9 . doronad in mur do ael berbthi, Rawl. 74b1 . múr gel . . . amal bad du á.¤ chombruithiu dognethe, LU 1701 . ael Erend all the lime in Ireland, 3147 . á.¤ ná eimer (sic leg.), Cóir Anm. 146 . tuc a inchind latt et cummaisc ǽl air (of preserving the brain of an enemy in lime as a trophy), RC viii 62.18 ( LL 13545 ). findnél na cailce ┐ ind ǽil . . . asnaib sciatha, RC xiii 456.19 . clocha ┐ ael tigi spitel na Trinnoite, Ann. Conn. 1245.3 . foirind ic suathad aeil, `mixing lime', Aen. 305 . clocha chum aoil do denam, ZCP x 22.1 . lucht aoil do losgadh lime-burners, Eochairsg. 114.26 . a dath amar dath an aeil, SG 111.26 . In comparison: aol (aoil MSS.), is rós . . . . . . bhíos ar nós lóchrainn n-a gruaidh do ghnáth, Hackett xxi 34 . g s. as attrib. cloch aeil limestone: cendach na ccloch náoil, ZCP x 22 n.l . cnes amal clochael gen chrūais, ACL iii 308 § 33 . Of a limestone castle: am chloich áoil. Anecd. ii 72.10 . clach aoil, DDána 119.12 . a mhúir ḟinda áoil, IGT Decl. ex. 688 . tene aoil `lime-kiln' AFM ii 1076.9 .

Compds. ¤chinn n.pr. A. Cruachna, CF 857 . ¤-chloch limestone: go ro gabsat acc athnuadhucchadh a n-aitreabh aolcloch built of limestone(?), AFM vi 2186.12 . a n-adhnaice an Ard Mhacha / Ulltaibh as a n-aelchlacha, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 148.6 . ¤-chnes having skin as white as lime: árrachta áluinn aoilchnis, Hackett xxxix 150 . ¤-dorus: ráith na n-ael-dorus n-alaind, ` lime doors (white-washed with lime, or perhaps built of lime-stone)', Hy Fiach. 254.12 . ¤-ecor: gach ceall i bhfuair áladhdoirse / uaidh as fhearr a haoilegair-se every church in which he found gaping doors he was best at repairing it with limestone(?), DDána 89.27 . ¤-gorad lime-burning . Fig. deatach díomusa ag éirghe ón aolghoradh uabhair, TSh. 7938 . ¤-grennad: ní mhar aoilghreannadh th'aighthe (of a ráth), DDána 68.3 . ¤-lis: a hamharc an aoilleasa, DDána 70.11 . ¤-losgad. Fig. teannáil na toile, bhíos ag aol-losgadh na hanma, TSh. 1857 . ¤-mag: n.loc. Aolmhagh, AFM i 50.2 . ¤-ráth: conacadar in aelrāith mōir [ar] a cind, Ériu viii. 157.3 . ¤-tech: aíl-tech emir `lime-white house of granite', Metr. Dinds. iv 108.2 . ¤-tor: gan áoltor ngeal no gan gharrdha / nar legh aentadh t'faghla iad, IGT Decl. ex. 544 . With adj.: ¤-chethach: do chíd adhbha aoilcheathach . . . ar ochtaibh áilne an aieóir a building made of gleaming showers, L. Cl. A. B. 180.2 .

áelta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áelta or dil.ie/625
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj (1 áel) limed, limewhite, made of lime(stone): colamu áilda ┐ colomu légda 'eine Säule aus Kalk und eine Säule aus Stein', Sex Aet.² 287 § 15 . in hí in colama áelda no lecda .i. in choluma áelda éim ro-mair ann, Sex Aet.² 287 § 15 . usce loch aelta .i. ni maith do dig ní maith do indlut limy, LL 283b27 . caisil ard aelta, BB 442b22 . co mhúraibh aelta `plastered', Marco P. 49 . áen-balla íseal á.¤ , Expugn. Hib. § 32 . a c[h]loch aolta `its lime-washed stone', Ériu v 60.17 . na cúirte cloch aolta, AFM vi 2192.9 . i gclochaibh aolta Éireann castles, DDána 100.12 . biaidh sgim aolta don adhbha / biaidh dhi dealradh corcardha, L. Cl. A. B. 185.141 . Of persons: clann aelta Amlaib, Prolegomena 44.16 . sduaidh chneasaolta go ngné ghloin, DDána 87.12 . a leacan aolda mar shneachta `lime-white', O'Rah. xxix 13 .

aidbden

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidbden or dil.ie/828

 

Forms: aidben

Also aidben? Vn. of ad-feid (see Bürgschaft 23 , ZCP xviii 380 ).

(a) act of leading to, towards; setting something in motion: nach dal, nach a.¤ tonut-fuichfither any preparation, Bürgschaft 22 § 65 (b) (Veranstaltung?). frisna gnimu sin ┐ na haidbdena, 23 § c .

(b) Used of a person belonging to a noble grade whose function is to represent his kin in dealings with a higher lord, especially the king, or with members of an outside túath (see Bürgschaft, etc. above): combi lánchongnam i túaith do aidbdenaib, do noillechaib, do gi[u]ll, do gíall, do chairdiu tar cenn ceníuil tar crích i tech flatha, Críth G. 412 . do-beir cenel a slan na n-aidbhean .i. in tan nach biadh tobach. boaire medonach sin ┐ is edh gabus do laimh, dul tar ceann na tuaithe re cach nduine amach ┐ dul re laimh im cach ní dlighfit amuigh do tobach doibh the family pays the fine of the a. when a seizure has not taken place (i.e. when the a.¤ has not been able to recover the debt and has paid himself) O'D. 2287 ( Rawl. B 506, 26v1-2 ) ( ZCP xviii 380 ). Classed amongst the etarḟlaithi: rannait aitiri an da trian n-aile i tri .i. trian do flaith, trian do fine, trian do etarflaithib ┐ do iteraibh. trian na n-etarflaithe ┐ na n-etere, ranntair trian de do muire rechtgi doda-fet a tegh ri[g], a trian do aitiribh, a trian n-aill do aidhbenaibh na tuaithi do roinn co haenscrepall (of property of a deceased person), Bürgschaft 62.7 (Ériu i 215). ata aithech eirnis amal flaith fer son iii n-aidben, fer do-rata athair ┐ a senathair gell tar cenn a aicme, O'Curry 885 ( H 3.18, 396a ). tathat lim . . . logh do sinnsire tūs aidhbdhen tus ea[r]labhra, ZCP xii 365.14 ( tusn-aidbsina, Laws iv 372.12 . See aidbsiu). aidhbhean .i. adhbha dhíona, O'Cl. adhben .i. itercian bit dono adbena uasal .i. taoisich na tuaithe cach uais araile coruici righ, O'Dav. 185 (hence: aidhbeil (leg. aidhben, ed., aidh bhen, v.l.) .i. cian, Metr. Gl. 19 § 59 . aidhbhean .i. imchían nó fada, O'Cl.).

(c) the leading troops, vanguard (of an army): rushudhigsed sudhiugud fir fria n-aidpheana / fria sluaghadha fri cuanghala fria chaipdeana, Ériu xvi 180 § 9 . nicon reilgi a hiath aidhben / cūan nō caibden dia horgoin advance troops . . . to plunder her, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. v 1919, 93 § 31 (`aus fernem Land'). cengsat siar . . . ond Athain, aidben anair a troop from the east, Metr. Dinds. iii 4.35 (cf. aidhmen .i. deoraid, citing this ex., Ériu xiii 63 § 30 ). ?ciarb aidben leó fácbat sund / Cairmen . . ., Metr. Dinds. iii 6.63 . aidhbhean .i. olc no deoraidh, O'Cl. Hence as synonym of écht slaying, slaughter: mor d'echtaib ┐ d'aidbenaib, H 3.18 , 726.15 . slan a mhenman dechtaib ┐ daidhbenaibh dfhaghbháil forra, ITS xlii 302.y . robtar mince iomda a ccatha . . . a n-aidhbena for a mbiodhbhadhaibh, AFM vi 2280.9 .

(d) of Cú Chulainn's toys, playthings (cf. aidemm?): focheird a adbena uile riam acht a liathroit nammá, TBC-LL¹ 1018 . focheird a adbena ániusa uli úad, 1076 . gab icc athgarddigud na sliged reme da adbenaib ániusa, 1017 . mar benar a aidhbhena āiniusa ┐ imāna a lāmhaibh mic bhig, RC xiv 265 § 59 . Note also: ni haidhbhen etraib im Glend Ochaine sund, TBC(C) 425 (= cian, TBC-LL¹ , TBC St.

airdirc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airdirc or dil.ie/1842
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: airdairc, -erc, airdr(a)ic, urrdraic, urrdhairc, uirrdhreic, uirrdhearc

i(2 derc). Also airdairc, -erc and later airdr(a)ic. urrdraic, urrdhairc, uirrdhreic, uirrdhearc, IGT Decl. § 170 , oirdherc (see below).

I Adj.

(a) well-known, obvious, manifest: is airdircc í cach thír rocretsisi do día `it is well-known in every country', Wb. 1a3 . is irdirc for n-iress i cach lucc, 24c15 . hóre is irdircc far clúu `because your renown is conspicuous', 7c3 . erdairc gl. celebre, Ml. 25a13 . ruclé .i. erdarcai gl. conspicui, 36a10 . a ligi no a lecht and so / ni bad airdairc a Chruacho, LU 2846 . is e side romarbad la athair tria het amal as irdairc, Rawl. 124b51 . amhail as errderc ina beathaidh fein `as is evident in her own Life', AFM i 172.3 . brethnaigit . . . gur uo droch-spirut buī ag inotacht innti amoil ba hoirrderc i n-a dheghaidh `and that became evident afterwards', Fl. Earls 132.30 . cach éan mar a adhbha / oirrdhearc so is ['s] é leantar, DDána 98.1 . an sgēal-sa, do bhí rofhollus óirdheirc a Saxain an uair sin, Mac Aingil 1376 . In cheville: aurdairc rád, SR 5553 . airdirc scél, 5121 . Adv. ro cinded . . . do co urdairc, Laws i 238.17 Comm.

(b) renowned, famous, celebrated: Éndae airdirc (erdairc, irdraic, airderc v.ll.) Árne, Fél. Mar. 21 . in macc amra airdirc, Trip.² 2670 . is airi ni hairdeircc in F., 855 . úair bíd airdairc ic feraib . . . an dá gein sea, LU 4254 . bid airrdric (airdairc, LU) inti gebas gaisced and, TBC-I¹ 569 . ic taffund na hailiti urdaircc út .i. Conculaind, TBC-LL¹ 1404 . na hilbuidni airrdrici, TTebe 1444 . macoem án aurdairc, TTr.² 1582 . ceithre uaithne oirdraca oirechais A., MR 248.9 . saii fial urdaircc aithesach, Ann. Conn. 1412.11 . dochum an uasail fhíoroirdheirc Tomáis de Rís `right honourable', O'Gr. Cat. 667.9 . ód ghairm onóraigh orrdhairc (to a bishop), DDána 90.15 . trí pearsain aoinDia oirrdheirc, 25.13 . canam molta don mhac oirrdhearc, 17.31 . dīa n-dernad in marbnaid erdraice, MacCongl. 91.26 . an bhfuil éinní oirrdheirc eile san mainistir as fíu a fhaicsin, Desid. 3217 . sosadh orduirc oiregda na hEirenn (i.e. Tara), `noble', Ériu iii 150 § 1 . In pejorative use notorious: in pheist irdairc úathmar, LU 2428 . ro brised in cath irrdairc uathmur ar O., RC vi 178.134 . an fhoghail ordhruic, Desid. 3681 . na .x. plága . . . irdraca, LB 118a25 . in lá erdraicc .i. lathi bratha, PH 3616 . Compar. airdercu laechaib Loegaire, LU 8294 ( FB § 22 ). cia bad irdarcu a mbeó . . . no a mmarb? . . . airdarcu a mbeó, LL 8709 (TBC). is airdarcu dúin sanas ná da neoch aile éigem, MU² 280 . nocun urdraca in air oldas in molad, O'Curry 1878 (RIA 23 P 3, 21(23)b). airdarcu epirt (lit. clearer than speech) perfectly obvious: is irdurcu epirt lim són air rofetar ní biedsi hi cobodlus la suidiu, Wb. 9b17 , cf. 28b32 . 31b4 . Ml. 122d7 . Sg. 23b3 . Superl. ni hiad is lanorrdraicea (of names), BB 39a9 .

II Subst. famous person or place: in t-airdirc (terrdraic, taurdairc v.ll.) a hAfraic (St. Augustine), Fél. Aug. 28 . a n-aird ┐ a n-airdirc `their celebrities', CCath. 4409 . adfēd dō . . . a nīathu ┐ a nāthu, a nairdrici (a nairdirci, LU) ┐ a treba famous places, TBC-I¹ 622 . Perh. also: ardharc .i. suaitheantas, O'Cl.

2 aite

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aite or dil.ie/2535

 

Forms: aitti

n [f. ? n s. in aitti , BNnÉ 327 § 53 ]. abode, dwelling: aidde ┐ aittreb díabail (of hell), LU 2235 ( FA § 30 ). co aitte ┐ co adbái fadessin, TBC-LL¹ 4757 . dia modaib amraib aildib / dia n-aitdib dia n-ilarmib, SR 732 . dorime an mac a.¤ ile lasin n-athair, Anecd. i 51 § 3 (= mansiones multae, John xiv 2 ). ba handsin ro suidigit aidi ┐ aitreba doib, Aen. 1298 . bid fás t'aitti siu, BNnÉ 325 § 41 . dochuaid cach dib dia addi ┐ adbuid budessin, PH 648 . tempul ┐ tégdais ┐ addi ┐ inad Dé, LB 234a43 . loscind . . . do linad na naiti ┐ na nínad fithisi ┐ fotoll in tiri, BB 240a45 . ba bec a n-a.¤ ┐ a n-adba i n-dunaid ind rig, RC xxv 34 § 6 . beich tectaid ait no aide i mbun craind, Laws iv 180.27 Comm. ní lamhadh én na hethaid a aidi (aiti v.l.) na adhbha do dénam i mbarr crainn, CCath. 1770 . bregthar asa aiti is enticed from its den (of a serpent), 3088 . ba haitte (háit, v.l.) cumhsanaidh dósam eisidhe (of a bear in the hollow of a tree), BNnÉ 317 § 5 . gur bó h-aitte ┐ gur bho h-adbha do chonaibh allta, AFM v 1654.1 . ? tar áthu tar inberu tar aittiu (rhet.), LU 8627 ( FB § 47 ). ? scéo aitti ailmi fri etnai eocrith (rhet.), LU 5511 (TBC).

andúthchas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. andúthchas or dil.ie/3530

 

n (dúthchas): fá handúthchus . . . sbéis ag M. san M. `it was not to be expected . . . that M. should pay heed to M.', Ériu v 66.1 . d'a.¤ allmhardha `strange foreign land', TD 24.11 .

Attrib. g s.: ádhbha aineoil ┐ eccalsa andúthchasa, AFM vi 2298.25 . re ceird n-andúthchais d'ḟoghluim `to learn a strange calling', TD 1.33 . a bplannda anduthchais degenerate plant, Jeremiah ii 21 . d'ég andúthchais `by an un-natural death', O'Gr. Cat. 391.3 .

cáerchaide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáerchaide or dil.ie/7648

 

Forms: cáirchuide

adj io, iā (cáera) sheep-like : cáirchuide gl. ouinus, Sg. 37b8 . mainnear . . . / adhbha an anma chaorchaidhe, Aithd. D. 50.11 .

ceól

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ceól or dil.ie/8701
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ceul, cíuil, cíul

n o, n., later m. n s. ceul in Ml. Monosyllabic, g s. cíuil, d s. cíul, GOI 68 , 178 . IGT Decl. § 75 (g s. (?) céola unauthorized form, ex. 1578).

(a) musical instrument : cenelae ciuil gl. psalterium, Ml. 2b14 . gl. cyneram, 15 (see Thes. Suppl.). air cech ceneliu ciuil . . . dober som ani as chithara , 51c2 . ciuil són gl. huius . . . generis organa, 116c7 . is organum isainm cenelach do gach chiul, Hib. Min. 1.15 . bid psaltis anim ciuil, 2.35 instrumentum musicum, Gloss. ? a g-ciúil ┐ a g-codail-tighthe, ML 76.13 .

(b) music : inna aidmi in chiuil gl. instrumenta musica, Ml. 75c4 . 89a9 . á ceul ┐ in molad, 126c1 . comopair cach ciul (sic), Laws i 122.12 . inspirut naem dorinfidh . . . inciul . . . fil isintpsalm, Hib. Min. 6.174 . aceol (n s.), 1.24 . Imr. Brain 2 . ceol crott, LL 29055 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 368 ). oc cantain ciúil, PH 7700 . atá . . . / fréamh an cheóil a muigh Mhumhan of the art of music, Studies 1920, 98 § 8 .

(c) In pl. musical performances, compositions; tunes, songs: inna ceul nephgnatha gl. inusitata carmina, Ml. 115b2 . nó cantais céola bindi dó, Trip.² 1310 (ceula, v.l.). a ceóil binni, Hail Brigit 11 . binnithir ilcheólu in domain, LU 2034 ( FA 10 ). na ciuil arda .i. stocairecht no cornairecht loud kinds of music, Auraic. 1477 . a Ch. na cc.¤ , ACL iii 304.24 . ceóla crota ┐ cuisleanna ciúil, CF² 844 . ciuil ┐ adhmolta, Smaointe B. Chr. 5968 .

(d) Of birds, etc.: c.¤ enlathe muintire nime, LU 1993 ( FA 6 ). ceōla fer mbrundederg, K. and H. 24 (emended to c.¤ ferán, Murphy Lyrics 16 ). ? mar búdh inntsecd é o eón / se le ceol ag imdh[e]cht uaidh, Rel. Celt. ii 224.z . ceol in uirc, O'Curry 947 ( H 3.18, 411 ).

(e) Attrib. g s musical, sweet-sounding, melodious : ádhbha ciuil, Oss. iv 4.y . a nguth na n-aighthe ciuil musical instruments, Smaointe B. Chr. 5918 . adhbhar ceoil ar gcomhlabhra `sweet subjects', Content. xxv 1 . ardopetet . . . a n-áes ciúil, LU 8181 ( FB 13 ). iomdha aingel ciuil 'na port, ZCP x 24.4 . is eisrechta cerda c[i]uil, LL 386a21 . coiccetul ciuil, RC iii 347.1 (Aisl. Óeng. 14). ? ro tṡuidhimar ar colba chíuil issin tṡíd, Acall. 5058 ( 5527 , 5667 ). mo chruit ciuil, LL 18578 ( PRIA xix 548 § 24 ). cruit, is e aen dan ciuil . . . dliges sairi, Laws v 106.27 . cuislenna ciuil, Grail 5 . tri meic Dornmair Cheóil, LU 9084 ( FB 83 ). fer cíuil, MU² 197 .

(f) With defining gen.: labhra a hén . . . / ní beag do cheól chodolta lullaby, Studies 1920, 568 § 23 . ? darōnsat aingil 'ga thig / ceōla comarle don chomdid, ZCP viii 114.15 . céol side, LU 3802 ( SCC 37 ).

(g) Rarely as vn.: oc cíul doibh singing to them. RC vi 187.18 . ic ceol . . . reime, Grail 1453 .

Compds. With nouns: Cond dan ceóladart Codal (: Eoganacht) pleasant dwelling(?), LL 2845 ( Fen. 30.7 ). ceoilbinne a ngotha gnatha melodiousness (birds), Anecd. ii 23 § 5 . do cheólbhroghaibh, L. Cl. A. B. 11.22 . cét n-itte, cét ceolcliaraib (sic leg.) in musical companies (of birds), SR 1026 . leig don cheólchroidhe cuislinn `from music's heart', Studies 1919, 611 § 2 . le ceol-chruit, Keat. Poems 107 . cocur ceól-éicse, Metr. Dinds. iii 288.40 . is ciall dá gceolfhoghar `they mean by their melody', Aithd. D. 76.18 . ceoloide master musician, Ó Bruad. iii 190.5 . ó cheoloireacht Ghabhra, DDána 70.7 . le ceolṡeinm téadmhar, Keat. Poems 111 . tir . . . na ceolsuthaine, LB 256b73 marg. ceoltigi béndacha choir-houses(?), Trip.² 348 . With adjj.: dā ngadhraib croma ceólbinna, Fianaig. 64.9 . mor cet ceolcalad (sic leg.) loud-singing (of birds), SR 1027 . conacruittib céolgrinnib, 6670 . cliara caine cet ceolmaith (of birds), 1024 . C. na cruite ceól-míne, Metr. Dinds. iii 224.2 . With adjj. formed from nouns: gan cruitire ciūil-phortach, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) iii 161.14 .

cláen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cláen or dil.ie/9306
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: Cuilín

adj o, ā

I

(a) uneven, crooked, sloping; aslant, bending, stooped; curving, curved : dosroraind . . . cona deilg. Sīa īarom rosīacht a dealg ūaithe sair a bēlaib oldās dar a hais sīar. Is aire is clōen ind less, Corm. Y 502 . clóen ind ráth dind leith adiu, RC xiii 462 § 65 . in chuirn chláoin curved(?), IGT Decl. ex. 356 . a bheith claon nochar chás duid `its laying low troubled thee not' (of a severed head), PBocht 14.35 . ? Fig. mo chiall ata claon, Atlantis iv 180.31 .

(b) Freq. of hair waving (?) flowing (?): folt claon, DDána 96.33 . ciabh dhaghcruinn n-a cuaichleirg claoin, Magauran 1001 . is camarsach claon . . . / a carn-ḟolt, Keat. Poems 65 .

(c) Of eyes, squinting: Finan Cam . . . .i. cloen a rosc, Fél. 112.23 , Gorm. Apr. 7n. dā mac imleasan . . . ┐ sīat clǣna, TBC-I¹ 2612 . gura bhris in suil claein, MR 36.13 .

As epithet: a trian ro charsat Conall Cloen batis cloín cot acallaim, LL 13522 (Thurn., ZCP viii 72 ff. q.v., would translate hump-backed ). Conghal Caoch, no Claon, AFM an. 624 . co tard beach . . . a neim for mo leth-rosc-sa, gura claen mo ṡuil. Congal C. mo ainm ar sin, MR 34.12 . an Giolla claon Ua Ciardha, tigherna Coirpri, AFM ii 1092.11 .

(d) In moral sense, iniquitous, perverse, unjust, biassed: cil .i. claon no cutruma, O'Dav. 467 (? leg. écutrumma). nate ni clóin gl. (numquid iniquitas apud Deum?) Absit, Wb. 4c17 . in miscuis clóin, Ml. 46d10 . inna mbritheman cloin, 103b17 (brithem, MS.). adbar inna combartae cloine, 71c6 . is gó flatha do-ber sína saíba for tūatha clóena. ZCP xi 82 § 25 . scítha láma indrosc (sic leg.?) cloína unjust demands(?), LU 10884 (TE rhet.). ingena cloína Cain, LL 17437 . nírbat santa[ch] immun mbith / nō for ind nim (leg. indiub) chlóen, ACL iii 312 § 6 (indium, in nem, v.ll.). gan beith fa chomadaib claena `unjust conditions', MR 120.26 . freasdal a gcor gclaon `crooked wiles', Aithd. D. 52.3 . ainic nach claon do chathaoir `lest your poet's chair be partial', Content. v 186 .

(e) c.¤ fri (chum, do) prone to, inclined to: atá ar gcolann claon ré déanamh an uilc = prona est ad malum, TSh. 2916 . an drong beirthear faoi stiúradh na plainéide so bíd . . . geala, claon chum beith fionnchrothacha, Corp. Astron. 70.8 . biaidh an bhliadhain sin claon chum síothchána, 3 . na peacaidhe is mó d'a bhfuilmíd claon, nó tugtha, Donlevy 270.24 . atá sí laig-bhrígheach ┐ claon chum uilc, 210.26 .

(f) In metrics, uneven; without accordance, imperfect : is airi didiu asberar clōinrē, fobīth is clōen ma doberthar um nī, ūair it troma a trī oldati a dóu, ar it chōic dīalta fuilet a clōinré, amail rongab fīanamailechar, Corm. Y 447 (p. 37.21) . dunadh c.¤, amail ata . . . ar Muiri ┐ ar Martain (final line of a poem which began with `tangadar'. -tain does not adequately echo tan- therefore the conclusion is c.¤ or lochtach), IGT Met. Faults § 145 . áenghuthaighe is í fa dhó ... bidh cláen 'the same vowel occurring twice ... it will be incorrect', Celtica xxvii 58 § 3 . See also cláenaid and comardad (c).

Adv. in fer fodrácaib co claen the man who has left it crooked, uneven (of a house), LU 8391 ( FB 26 ) (opp. to co diriuch). is amlaidh ata Stodiaca gu claen ┐ an speir lan mor go direach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 126.13 . an tṡlat iarainn ṡaighes go claon `which goeth ouerthwart', RSClára 125a .

II As subst. o, m.

(a) stoop, slope, slant, inclination : sleagh do chur 'na chroidhe, / claon do bheith 'na bhrághaid (of Our Lord), Ir. Syll. Poetry 36 § 17 . do filleadh call tar a chláon, IGT Decl. ex. 910 . is binne donál na bhfaol / ná gach claon chuireas tú id ghuth (to a snoring bed-fellow) every twist(?), Measgra D. 5.24 . for c.¤ slanting, inclined : is for clóen in pars ochtarach for laim clii `the upper part is inclined on the left hand', Thes. ii 254.19 (Stowe M.).

(b) iniquity, obliquity, deception, injustice; perversion, error : inda leu som nis roissed imned na erchrae dogrés a soinmigi a cloinaib `though they are wicked', Ml. 39c34 (cf. Pedersen, ZCP ii 379 ). ara tintarrad ō chlóen / tūatha Hérenn do bethu `from iniquity', Thes. ii 314.1 ( Hy. ii 18 ). tír . . . / inná ráiter gó ná cloen, LU 3742 ( SCC 34 ). etarscara fri cach claen `severance from every obliquity', Laws v 118.7 . dia scarad fri clóen fri col, Metr. Dinds. ii 14.72 . ar cech óen ro chí / a chlóen for bith ché `his wrongdoing', Murphy Lyrics 27.6 = a chin, ACL iii 232 § 6 . bī-siu do rēir Chrīst cen claon, 313 § 9 . dia mbat rī bit rīghcerdach / ní oirdni nach claen, 314 § 30 . bothan derrit diamarda / do dilgud gach claoin, Ériu i 138.3 . ní bhí claon na cheirt-bhreathaibh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxi 9 . gan claon n-agra tar eolus `without partiality of argument in violation of fact', Content. viii 7 .

(c) Very common in names of metrical faults in the sense of any departure from the correct form: na lochta is coitc[h]eand teagaid in gach aisdi don dan .i. c.¤ comhardudh ┐ c.¤ uaitne ┐ ataid na claenreanda romhaind . . . ┐ c.¤ airmh[e] ┐ c.¤ airde ┐ c.¤ comhaimsearda ┐ c.¤ crichadh loc[h]tach ┐ dunadh loc[h]tach, IGT Met. Faults § 1 . trefhocul gan chlaen dona trí claenaib .i. c.¤ creiti .i. . . . c.¤ cuibdiusa . . . c.¤ ceille, O'Curry 1031 ( H 3.18, 433 ). Cf. cobfighe celli .i. co rob inunn ciall día nasneis o thosach co diaid in raind .i. na raib claen and, IT iii 30.7 . c.¤ áirme an irregularity in enumerating : c.¤ airmhi, amail ata . . . a tri no cuig no ceathair (because of the perversion of the natural order), IGT Met. Faults § 31 . c.¤ comardud a faulty internal rhyme: c.¤ comhardudh (leg. -daidh? Or claenchomhardadh? ed.), ann seo: Nocho n-oil agh ara orcur / re grain act ge cromthar ceann (i.e. the rhyme between agh and grain is faulty and it is the presence of the `i' in grain that makes it so), § 2 . c.¤ creitte error in the framework of the stanza: c.¤ creite i ndian oireng, amail ata: flaithe niamdha / daine sgiamda cland Conchobair. Lochtach sin, uair ní dleseadh focul beith edir sgiamdha ┐ Conc[h]obhor, § 39 . (On cláen creitte see Stud. Celt. ii 178 .) c.¤ cuibdiusa faulty end-rhyme: [trefhocul] can cloen cuibdiusa. Gabiam la seise soirche / Seotu sochraide soirthe / Ria ndul issin fargge / Gleam ar lessu re n-aidche. .i. soirthe ┐ aidche exemplum, Auraic. 5086 . c.¤ senchais error in historical fact: c.¤ seanc[h]ais, amail ata o Cuind no o Colla no o rRoigh no o Nell no o Duach do dhenaibh do righ d'fearaibh Muman ach duine beas gael riu. O Mogha no o hEmir no o Cais no o Bloid no o Tail do denaibh do dhuine do Leith Cuind acht do dhuine bheas gael riu, IGT Met. Faults § 98 . nir chan gó na c.¤ senchais (sic leg.) riam, MacCarthy 408.8 . c.¤ úaitne error in consonance: c.¤ uaitne, amail ata Bean do gebhadh ara gradh / geal a lamh leabhar a lem. C.¤ uaitne sin ┐ idir lam [leg. gradh] ┐ lem ata, ┐ edhudh claenas re n-ailm, ┐ i lem ata, IGT Met. Faults § 3 .

(d) With other qualifying genitives: airbert cin [cil-]ceill .i. do denum / cen claon ceille, O'Dav. 49 . tuccus cath, gēr c[h]lāon cēille / do fhlaith Temhra a departure from good sense, Ériu ix 178 § 11 . ar fochal-cae, ar claen conair, Laws v 470.27 Comm. saor dhiongbhas claon na córa perversion of justice, DDána 48.28 . gan chláon n-irsi `pervert not my faith', Ériu ix 6.67 . níor áirmheas le claon sligheadh `in perverse method', Content. vi 140 .

(e) Of people, iniquitous, unjust person : oc ingrimmim inna cloen `the persecution of the wicked', Thes. ii 247.14 (Camb.). fri bás inna clóen `of the wicked', 320.1 (Hy. ii 59 ). ni aurfóemha dana na cloen `the gifts of the unjust', O'Dav. 1610 . a claín trúaig . . . ro scáig do gal, LU 8569 ( FB 43 ).

Compds. With nouns. i gcéibh na gclaonalt `curling hair', Aithd. D. 11.6 . bellum for Cloenath, AU an. 704 (see Ériu xiii 176 ). croidhe gan claon-bheart, ZCP v 208.117 (Midn. Court). Attrib. g s. gan cionnta claon-bhirt, 209.180 . in tan no beiredh claonbreith unjust judgement, Laws i 24.13 Comm. (opp. to breth ḟīr). imon cclaoinbhreith rucc Diarmait ar Colom Cille im liubar Findén, AFM i 192.z . breitheamh breabóideach . . . rug claoinbhreath, TSh. 6788 . ¤-chaingen: claenferta í ngaeldais aíndre / claenferta na claencaingne, BB 351b32 . ¤-chéimm: can ethar nā chlōenchēmim / cingid tar cech ler `without . . . a false step', Ériu iii 14 § 5 ('na chlóenchéimmim `in their perverse path', Murphy Lyrics 17.5 ). linfaid cloencheo cairechda / cech rind reil co rian ruided, SR 8095 . le claoinchealgaibh an aidhbhirseōra, Beatha S. F. 1962 . earrla na gclaoinchleacht waving tresses, Magauran 965 . ni ellastar cloenchleir, LU 1002 (ACC) (.i. . . . na cliara ni-dligtecha, `for indligthecha', edd.). ¤-choma unjust stipulation : cisdi coimeta celg . . . ┐ claenchomhad, MR 260.2 . Eoganachta . . . Áni Loch Léin Casel Cloendabair, LL 16124 . ¤-derc (2 derc): an uair éagfair-se . . . / claonfaidh do chlaon-dearc, Keat. Poems 342 . i comarddus na Cloenfertai tuascertchi, LL 3876 . ataat na dí Chloenḟerta fri Ráith Granni aniar, 3877 . ro marbtha uili i Cloenglais, 28840 . Cuilen na cláenglaise, RC xviii 303.8 (Tig.). claonglonna in gille `wicked deeds', Metr. Dinds. iii 58.65 . Cloenloch. Unde nominatur. Cloen mac Iṅgair, LL 22459 . Cath Claenlocha, RC xvii 136.5 (Tig.). a chionnta ┐ a chláonmhianna, Párl. na mB. 3210 . ¤ míl hare (?) : tosessa lais clóenmíla Cernai, LU 6748 (BDD). geis dō clōenmīla Moighe Sainb do tophand 'it was taboo for him to hunt the hares (?) of Mag Sainb', BDC 106.30 . claennadmanna tolla, O'Curry 1069 ( H 3.18, 441 ). ōn chlaenrāith co Cenannas, Fing. R. 732 (? leg. Chlaen-). dul . . . do Cathair na claenratha bodes, Acall. 6387 . 1 -ré (see 1 ré) wicked life : ciambad lonnbrass digal Dé / fornn ba comadas friar cloenré, SR 3618 . (Cf. Lochlann ii 51 .) 2 -ré (see 3, 4, 5 ré) word or verse of five syllables (so called because it cannot be divided into two equal parts): it chōic dīalta fuilet a clōinré, amail rongab fīanamailechar, Corm. Y 447 (p. 37.x) . claenre . . . is a dho ar indara leith ┐ a tri forin leth n-aili, Auraic. 1422 . clóenré dā inso sis: A rí oirdnide / uasail atamhra / bet suairc do comairli / cuairt cen balamna, IT iii 21 § 63 . See Lochlann ii 51 - 2 . ¤-recht (see 1 recht): concertfa c. for iathu Banba, SG 254.29 (rhet.). ¤-rind (see 1 rind) incorrect end-rhyme : c. i ndebide sgailti, amail ata Mor in sgel Don[n]- do dhul / i nErinn is a nAlbain / bedid mna Gaidheal c[h]adh is Gall / ga c[h]aineadh arna comraind. Ataid da c. ann sin .i. c. isin leathrand tosaich . . . edir dul ┐ Albain ata ┐ c. i[n] deridh edir Gall ┐ comraind ata . . ., IGT Met. Faults § 85 . c. i [n]debhi[dhe] imrind, amail ata . . . righ (g s.): Cuirín, fín (a s.): Cuilín, § 86 . rand idir c. ┐ drochgaidhilg Ata triar conchar ag Cund / Niall is Donnc[h]adh is Domnall (i.e. Cund: Domnall is a faulty rhyme but Domnull would be ungrammatical), § 140 . ataid na claenreanda romhaind, § 1 . ¤-ró (see 1 ró): noem in chotaig ni cloenró it was not an excess due to partiality(?), LL 25382 . claon-rosc, Keat. Poems 319 . ¤ṡirite: cidh don cláenṡíridi ṡiabardha mo ṡárugadh do dhenamh, TBC-LL¹ p. 251 n.3 . Cormac a clōen-Temraich sloping Tara, ZCP viii 264 § 22 . ó phór chaithreach claoinTé, DDána 121.32 . ¤tinn d s.?: tug a cainnt dá chlaointinn ghéir `let loose the bitter tongue of his iniquity', Ó Bruad. iii 212.18 . ¤úall (1 úall): cēim cen chlóenúaill ō Dīabul `without wicked pride', Ériu ii 64 § 7 .

With adjj. th'fholt cas claonbhuidhe, DDána 114.25 . Conall Cloentruag t'ainm festa `the wicked wretch', ZCP i 104.18 .

With adjj. derived from nouns. dfheólaibh . . . ccethnatmolt . . . cclaonadharcach, Hugh Roe² 284.15 . Conall Claenbhraigdech Cernach, Cóir Anm. 251 . egoir Calcuis corpthi claenbhreathaigh unjust in judgment, Stair Erc. 2041 . a Shabhdain colaigh, claenbreathaigh, ZCP vi 59.19 . daoine . . . malluighthe claoincheárrdach `having an evil way of life' (Gloss), Párl. na mB. 1835 . Creon claencholach perverse sinful C., TTebe 4655 . cosin cathraig claincolaig, 251 . ¤dairech of bending oak-trees: san adhbha chlaondairigh ós Bóinn bhraoinealaigh, DDána 109.18 . ó Éirne . . . challghloin chlaondoirigh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 74 § 9 . ar a ccorpuibh corpthe cláonmhíanacha having evil desires, Párl. na mB. 2579 . ar Īsa in ḟuilt c[h]laenrāthaigh, ZCP viii 563 §27 . ó chéimniughadh chealgach chlaonrúnach of evil intent, TSh. 8301 .

With verbs. do-s-claencoraigenn icin aclaid `who makes a false representation at the suit', Laws v 462.13 Comm. claonmharbhfaidh mé m'ainmhianta `I shall mortify', Donlevy 190.16 .

With vnn. claonchorrughadh beag suarach don aithrighe, Trompa na bhF. 2433 . ¤díbirciud: drochcostud . . . do chloīndībircthib la drochdaīni, Sc.M² § 17.4 . iomshlán na míorbhuilleadha . . . do chlao[i]ndhéanamh to counterfeit, Trompa na bhF. 2630 . go ndéin an tsúil amharc aindlightheach, ┐ an chluas claoin-éisteacht biassed hearing, TSh. 3039 . gach cosg ┐ claon-mharbhadh na colna `mortification', Donlevy 126.14 .

cláirseóir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cláirseóir or dil.ie/9346

 

Forms: -eóir, -eóra, -eórach

n m. (cf. cláirsech) g s. -eóir, -eóra, -eórach, IGT Decl. § 50 . harper : cruitire .i. cláirseoir, Triads 122 n. (p. 39). m'ḟabhra fa dheóidh gan deóra / d'adhbha cheóil an chláirseóra, IGT Decl. ex. 1300 . fúaim chláirséorach ná luchda cíuil, Rev. xviii 22 .

dúra(i)s

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dúra(i)s or dil.ie/19271

 

n dwelling, habitation: dúras .i. adhbha no áras, O'Cl. doimchellaind mo durais . . . ludsa iar sin dom durais dilis do grés, LU 1313 , 1321 ( Imr. Brain ii 290 ). robúi dúras lim beós . . . loth-sa dom durus, ib. (Laud). rofidir cāch durais die c[h]arait, Corm. Y 883 (Mugheme). nosdoirtend forro . . . in duibsin . . . cona fedatar durus dia mbethaid, BB 451b5 (dúrais `shelter for their lives', Aen. 225 . ) ni ba durais ar aig-baig ón, LL 249a5 (emended to turas, TBFr. 87 ). duras coible (= cobéle) cach taige, IT iii 11 § 16 .

feidm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. feidm or dil.ie/21472

 

Forms: ḟedma, fedmuim, fedman, fedmand, fedma, fedmand, feidhm, feadhma, fedhmanna, ḟedhma, fedmanda

n n, n. later m. n s. féidm n -úag, SR 6837 . g s. ind ḟedma TBC-LL¹ 2967 . d s. fedmuim, Laws v 488.35 Comm. n p. fedman AU 821 . fedmand, LU 10816 (M). a p. fedma, LL 216a31 . g p. fedmand, LL 146a5 . feidhm, m. g s. n p. feadhma, IGT, Decl. § 41 . pl. also fedhmanna (canamain) ib. ex. 1134 . 1143 . The primary meaning seems to be load, stress, strain, passing into the senses of utmost effort, effort, exertion; burden, service, function . The transition may be illustrated by such an example as: buí f.¤ cuinge sesrige ina samthaig there was the load of a plough-team in its handle = it would take a plough-team to move ... LU 9191 ( FB 91 ). carraig ... a roibi f.¤ seisrigi do tharraing, TTebe 942 . Cf. fri ētnu dam bátár fedmand la firu Herend cosin n-aidchi sin. co n-aicces la lucht in tsíde fora formnaib. dogníth samlaid la E. ... is aice toísech tucad cuing for muinélaib dam, LU 10816 . is leis doradadh cuing for muinélaibh damh ar tús, ar is fria n-édnu na ndamh do bhíth a feidm gó sin, Cóir Anm. 103 . dam ro boí fon feidm, LB 60by . a n-ingeilt fo fedmu[i]m (of oxen) grazing while at work, under the yoke Laws iii 266.23 . .x. damu dagfedma ten oxen able for a heavy load (?) Ériu ii 4.7 . ba he feidm toisech doriacht an eclais a fh.¤ his (ox-drawn) load (of timber) was the first to reach the church Lism. L. 2558 . co ructha graige ┐ eti ┐ fedman iarmaib so that steeds and flocks and loads could be brought along them (of frozen streams and lakes) AU 821 . [doghniat] fedmunna ramhōra do thinol ... cu nach lugha inās in cnoc ... in dumha chonnaid fil aca they are gathering together great loads (of firewood) RC xliii 106.13 .

(a) strain, stress, effort, exertion, undertaking: f.¤ as mo, | comrac re Coin Culainn, TBC-LL¹ 3117 St. adfét scéla in mórfedma atconnairc enterprise (i.e. labor of constructing a causeway) LU 10826 . fri deiscin ind feadma dobertatar do dénam an tochair `the effort they put forth' Ériu xii 178.7 . Cf. TBC-LL¹ 758 St cited under feirtche. bíd féidm ferrda ocaib be of good courage PH 6504 . tresim fedma strongest of effort Auraic. 5556 . fedmanna ós niurt `exertions beyond one's strength' Tec. Corm. § 21 . da mbe in corp athach san uaig | a dhēchsain (sic leg.) is f.¤ firchruaid, ACL iii 239 § 27 . beg a f.¤ da degbois De | deilb dā tegdais small the effort for God's hand (?) 236 § 8 . ba f.¤ adbal d'oeinfer ... triall cosnama na cruinne, CCath. 4740 . tucsat f.¤ ferrda cacha fir furri cor chuirset assa tuinide in tromchloch, Acall. 2810 . tucsat a lāma ... chum na cloiche da tarraing ... ┐ ni raibe tarba issin trenfeidm ór nir ḟētsat a becc di, 2754 . briathra forránta, f.¤ tim `violent verbiage followed by feeble effort' O'Gr. Cat. 556.17 . dol re [a] gcosg ... fa feidhm ós cionn a bhfuluing, Content., xviii 71 . Folld. by qualifying subj. gen.: f.¤ cēt and do nirt he has the strength of a hundred TBC-LL¹ 1006 (= atā nert cēd ann, St). gegnaid banb ... ┐ nusberaid leo dia fuini ┐ a ḟ.¤ uili ann it was as much as they all could do = it took the whole of them (to carry it) ICM xiii Harl.

(b) work, service, duty, function (cf. d): ro forcongair ... for dam n-allaid ... in f.¤ sin do denam `ordered a stag to do that work' (i.e. to take the place of an ox at the plough) Fél. 72.28 . imāin na ndam dochom a fedhma dlighthi[gh] budein .i. a n-oibre, Laws v 136.15 Comm. ni f.¤ flatha nā fīrlaich duitsi aiscc feicheamnais do thabhairt ... `it is not the act of a prince in thee' MR 284.15 . na grāda do c[h]othugud | is f.¤ uasal mor aonfir, ZCP x 45. 4 . atá f.¤ ar leith ac cach aenḟer acaind a separate function Acall. 5460 . cret t'ḟeidm-si what is thy service ? 5465 . drong ... ic na bia f.¤ aili san cath acht a ngaire catha do tabairt, CCath. 5514 . bídh a ḟis ac [gach] aenduine díb cred is f.¤ dó, Maund. 202 . gach fear ag freagra a fheadhma, GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 106 . no geibhdis betha gan f.¤ ndaonda leó acht ernaigthe ... BNnÉ 320.22 . gan feidhm ndaor ar mhnaoi servile occupation Content. v 77 . do rinneas ... feidhm díbh I have done you a service xxix 4 . déanaidh feidhm don Tighearna = servite Domino TSh. 6767 . is é feidhm do-níodh an coileach dó, iarmhéirghe ... do choimhéad, Keat. iii 1120 . gurab contrárdha na feadhma iarras Dia ar na daoinibh ┐ an feidm iarras an saoghal (comm. on non potestis Deo servire et Mammonae) TSh. 9881 . do fedhmaim anmcharat function (obligations) of a confessor YBL 408a marg. sup. fer fedma steward (?): Finn .h. C., fer fedma ┐ ferannuis moir do righ Connacht ` agent ' ALC 1223 (p. 266z) .aes, lucht fedma soldiery; servitors, attendants: dochuir a glaslaith ┐ a aes fedma ... d'argain Aeda g., SG 66.28 . IT ii2 135. 325 . Oss. iii 162.7 . lucht fedhma an dunaigh, L. Chl. S. 11 . Folld. by defining gen.: denasa f.¤ gabunn act as smith Lism. L. 3783 . f.¤ a ngreagh uatha orra | longa lūatha ... on the swift ships they impose the function of their steeds (?) IGT, Decl. ex. 2140 . feidhm na gcogthach re cois long, | feidhm teanchaire i dtigh ghabhonn | ... tarla oraibh `god airdrígh, TD 19.16 . do bhamur ... a bhfeidhm ollamh in the capacity of ollaves KMMisc. 56 § 5 . ní fili ... | hí f.¤ eoluis ilcrothaigh in the practice of various kinds of knowledge ZCP iv 237. 11 = Leb. Cert. 236 . ni faict[h]e ise fri f.¤ a lēiginn ┐ a grēsa, ACL iii 308 , VI 12 . f.¤ n-eclastacda, YBL 166b5 . i bfeidhm na súiste `wielding the flail' O'Gr. Cat. 532.7 .

(c) of a warlike effort or strain (often in broad sense of attack, onset, defence, etc.): cach f.¤ catha ┐ comlaind ... dingebatsa díb uile sin, Acall. 5462 (corresp. to: eigen catha v.l.). do réidhighedh láithir iombuailte dona ... miledhibh sin ar go bhfesdís fein f.¤ comhlainn a chéile, B IV 2, 146b19 . feidhm na leirge a aonar air, GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 104 . ar a angbaigheacht i n-ionadh fedhma `his valour in the field of conflict' AFM v 1778.15 . lá feadhma day of stress, battle Ir. Monthly 1927, 552 ( 23 L 17, 81b ). an bhuidhean ... bhíos iomad i n-am ḟeadhma `in time of stress' TD 21.6 . re hinnarba cach fedma ┐ cach foreigne `to repel every attack and violence' MR 160.23 . f.¤ catha `exertion of battle', duty of service of a warrior in battle: dober-sa m'ḟ.¤ catha ... la P. I will exert my battle-strength with P. CCath. 1121 . do tabairt a fedma catha ┐ comluind leo `to give them their help in battle' Cog. 74.24 . rogabsat ... a ffedhmanna catha forra, ZCP xiv 231.16 . ro ba cruaidh in comthuargain ... doronsat ... ic gabail a fedmann catha forru, CCath. 5907 . ro láa ... fortocbhail a fedhma catha forru, 2016 . mongur na curad ac comghabail a bḟedhmann catha, Marco P. 61 . (for gabáil fedma cf. co ngabad feidm fois that it should undertake the duty of stillness (?) Ériu iii 14 , but in the instances above there may be the notion of standing up to the stress of battle, taking punishment). cia dib no laccadh a fedm catha whose battle force was weakening CCath. 5975 . roba gairit in caill comarchi uathaib iat, ┐ a feidm catha forro, ┐ a ndruim riu, Cog. 176.23 . ro-ordaigh C. a ffedhmanna catha for na curadaibh assigned to the warriors their duties ZCP xiv 240.4 [or does this belong to (b) ?]. Cf. cur fedma: ní lamh cách ... luadh cogaidh ná cur feadhma, TD 21.39 . cur feadhma dóibh risan druing | sluagh T. ní budh tualuing, 2.11 . g s. as attrib.: nertlia do chloich ḟedhma , ZCP viii 543.8 . bertais a eire fedma leis da trelamh ghaisgidh (i.e. as much as he could carry) TBC-LL¹ p. 303 n. 5 . tuc fuirmed fedma do gae ... air `a strenuous thrust' TTebe 2817 . tuc fuirmeadh feadhma ... fuirre (lifting a heavy stone) ML 2y . is fis fedma `a labour it is to learn' Metr. Dinds. ii 62 . pl. tucad leo fedmanda fillti for bogadaib bending strains (i.e., they strained bows to test them ?) TTebe 1275 . re haidhbhliu na fedmann no fuilngitis of the stresses CCath. 5872 . ag airiúghadh an ḟeadhma sin perceiving their labor (of men lifting a stone) ML 2.20 . Common in chevilles: f.¤ n-úag, SR 6837 . f.¤ as uaisliu, Fél. Jan. 21 . f.¤ ngle, BB 51a30 . f.¤ as détlu, ACL iii 297 § 52 . f.¤ ngialla, MR 204 . Transf. of persons: in Congenchnesach ..., in f.¤ nach fuiliṅgther, TBC-I¹ 2205 . gurab é an feidhm nach fuloingther ... .i. Fer Diadh, ZCP x 276.7 .

(d) use; efficacy, cf. (b): mór a bhfeidhm i n-aimsir the | d'fionnḟuaradh ceathra is daoine (of rivers), Content. vi 71 . Cf. ní feidhm do an Ghaoidheilg do léaghadh ... gan a bfios do bheith aige do mheabhair `without having them by heart it is a vain effort for him to attempt [he will not be able for] the reading of Irish' O'Gr. Cat. 630.24 . bíd drong ... doitheagaisg ann, ionnus nach bí feidhm ... an bás do bhagar orra so that it is no use threatening them TSh. 554 . dogní f.¤ de (re), makes use of: is é feidhm do-nídís do sheicheadhaibh na dtarbh, Keat. ii 5441 . nachar bhfer feadhma do dhéanamh re clogat é the man to use a helmet O'Gr. Cat. 510.26 .

benaid f.¤ de makes use of; causes to work: ag buain fheadhma dá eachraidh, RC xlix 173 § 33 .

atá f.¤ ar there is use for; need of: ní ḟuil feidhm ar th'iomarbháigh your arguing is needless (useless) Content. xxii 31 . dá mbeadh f.¤ ar .ae. do leathnughadh if it were needful to broaden `ae' IGT, Decl. Introd. 7.6 . ní haige an muinntir a tá slán a tá feidhm ar an líaigh, Matthew ix 2 . ort o nach bfuil a bfeidhm since they have no use for thee Carswell 24.11 . an uair nach roibhe f.¤ ar chlogat ag énduine, agus dá mbiadh nach aigesion do bhiadh f.¤ riu, O'Gr. Cat. 510.24 . fuair feidhm ar a ghuidhe `he found his prayer efficacious' A. Ó Dálaigh 50.28 . Without AR: is móide ata féidhm againn Dia do ghuidhe, Eochairsg. 17.21 . d'ḟ.¤ of use, needful (with AR of pers.): go bhfoighe an ghloir ṡiordhaidhe ┐ gach ní atá d'ḟeidhm air dochum a faghala, Ó Héodhusa 224.10 . na neithi do bhí df.¤ orra do bhreth leo, Mac Aingil 64.17 . éin-rí ... dob ḟearr d'ḟ.¤ d'Éirinn ná Niall of greater service to Content. v 70 . Cf. má do chuireas d'ḟ.¤ orra cuaird ... if I have constrained them to search xiv 19 . Hence with obj. gen. need, necessity, occasion: ní bhí feidhm lóirghníomha air, Mac Aingil 303.13 . do gach duine do beith 'na feidhm who might need it BCC p. 132.16 . Cf. mainnear i bhf.¤ a faire adhbha an anma in need of guard (?) Studies 1931, 81 . ag so an fáinne i bhfeidhm na ndrol ib. cor faesma .i. in cor curtar risin mac faesma ... ┐ ní ar feidm gaire o geilfíne, Laws iv 62.4 .

Compds. ¤láidir strong of effort, energetic: fuirmeadh feidmlaitir, TBC-LL¹ p. 95 n. 1 St. fer foirtill feidhmláidir, AFM vi 2258.9 . gluasacht ... go foisdineach f., ML 64.17 . -nertmar id.: a fhlaith ... fedmnertmhar `mighty in enterprise' Aen. 1850 . a fiodhbhacaibh ... feidhmnertmara, AFM vi 2130.5 .

1 féth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 féth or dil.ie/21819

 

n u, m. in the expression: f.¤ fíada (fíad, fía), also fé f.¤ , fía f.¤ fégh fía (m.) IGT, Decl. § 95 p. 127 (where `fé fía' though it occurs, is proscribed as incorrect). A magic mist, veil, which renders those under it invisible (Cf. the Germ. Tarnkappe), the secret of which was possessed by the Tuatha D.D.: do orduigh Manannan doibh [.i. do mhaithibh Tuath Dé D. tar eis chatha Taillten] adhbha dileas gach deghfir, ┐ dorinneadh in feth fiadha ... dona mileadhaibh .i. in feth fiadha tar nach faic[th]í na flaithi, Ériu xi 188 . See Atlantis iii 386 ff . , D'A. De Jubainville, Cycle Myth. 277 , Joyce Soc. Hist. i 246 . The name fáeth fiada ( Hy vii pref ., Thes. ii 354.10 ; fáed f.¤ , Trip. 48.7 ) given to the hymn composed by St. Patrick after his escape from Loeghaire's ambush is prob. the same expression; due to the legend that P. was invisible to L.'s men, cf. dodechaid dícheltair tairsiu co nár árdraig fer dib, Trip. 46.28 . See faíd. dichealtair .i. fé fiadha no duaithniughadh, O'Cl. (from Trip. 46.28 , cited above?). féidh fiadh `a mask, vizard, hood; a disguise that rendered the wearer unknown or invisible , ... defectively written fe fiadh, ... feidh fia,' P. O'C. Tuatha De D. fo diamair (.i. ... ara mbiodh an fee fía), Leb. Gab.(i) i 172 n. 1 . dá ttaisbentar in f.¤ fiadha ... do nech do macaibh Miledh, nocha bia gabail re diamair no re draideacht ic nech do Tuathaibh Dé D. (Cú Chulainn refuses to show his friends among the Sídhe to Fer diad) TBC-LL¹ 3845 St = an fé fía, RC xi 323.29 . an fé fiadh, ZCP x 294.16 . druid .i. doniat in feth fia no in [ḟ]aisdinecht, Laws v 90.27 Comm. co n-accai in dā sid osluicti ... iar scithlim a fe fia dibh (i.e., after their enchantment had been dispersed) RC v 202.23 . ro eirig fia fiad (féth fia, fédh fia, fé fiadh v.l.) umaind, co nar leir sind, Acall. 5235 . ní léir ar úaigh mér na mná | atá ar a húaim in fégh fía what the woman has sewn is not manifest, the f.f. is over her seam IGT, Decl. ex. 1674 . do chuir Mac G. an féith fiadha tar an fidradach sa innus nach fuighbhed ēnduine hé, L. Chl. S. § 9 . bhur bfé fía, ní fearrde dhuit, | aithnim thú d'aimhdheóin th'iomluit, Ériu ix 8.81 . ni buadha cloch, ní fégh fiagh | chaomhnus cuanta a críoch n-imchian, TD 13.13 . Cf. further: ní folaig acht feth (fecht v.l.) fithnais, Acall. 7916 (`magic veil' SG ii 262 ). féth fithnaisi, v.l. of fethana fithnais, Acall. 722 . Cf. rachaid in fiad draídechta atá urri di (i.e. the well will be revealed) 7505 . See 3, 4 féth. donfe for fiada fe, IT iii 53 § 97 (for feda fé v.l.). Also fig. : atá ar a rún an fé fia, IGT, Decl. 1681 . masa ceas eoil an fé fiadh | do-chiam ad dheóigh é ar an dán, TD ii 245 . depression, gloom: ceilt a grádha ar an ngruaidh bḟaoilidh | fada ar inghin 'na ḟégh fia ib.

fidba(i)d

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fidba(i)d or dil.ie/22009

 

Forms: fidbadh, fidhbaid, fidbuth, fiodhba, fiodhbhuidh, fighbhuidi

n ā, i, f. (fid + vn. of subst. vb., Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 14 ) fidbadh IGT, Decl. § 12 . fidhbaid, § 13 . fidbuth, Anecd. i 69 § 167 (Im. MD). d s. fiodhba (: diomdha), PBocht p. 20 § 1 . Trees (coll.), a wood or forest: is mo diri in craind bis i n-etarbib a thire oldas in crann bis a fidbaid cidh aonfidh, O'Curry 890 (< H 3.18, 377 ). ba fidbad tunc it was a wood then Dinds. 27 ( BB 365b11 ). fidbaidae fál ` hedge of trees ' Thes. ii 290.7 . tigither fál fidbaide, Alex. 739 . ind [ḟ]idbad (: fidrad), SR 1389 . cach caill, cach fidbaig, Anecd. i 19.13 . fidbuth uase cain a bolath toradh fuirre, 69 § 167 . tir fidbaige woodland Laws iv 102.4 Comm. druim fidbaidhe ` wooded ridge ' Dinds. 43 ( BB 373a35 ). in crand is ardi isin ḟidbuid, PH 4116 . ní slicht sinnaig ... i fasaig nā fidbaid LL 264b9 ( MU² 336 ). os mincrandaib fidbaidi, TTebe 2563 . snadmait a n-eochu don fhighbaid to the trees Marco P. 113 . Mac Aedha na Fidbaidhi hUi N. `A. Ó N. of the wood' AU ii 506 . fiodhbhuidh (synon. with diothramh, 2 fásach), Kirk = Eg. Gl. 214 . pl. teora fighbhuidi nofhasat imon cathraig, Marco P. 95 . idir ḟairrge is ḟiodhbhuidhe TD 28.34 . gaeth ... ro bris taighe ┐ fíodhbhadha, AFM ii 984.21 . claide fidbad uprooting woods Metr. Dinds. iii 332.1 . Transf. of timber: adhbha chiúil d'fíodhbhadh giumhuis of fir-wood 2 Samuel vi 5 . Fig. of spears: risna fidbadaib ... di ṡlegaib, LL 239b25 ( TTr. 1693 ). Cf. na hocht catha ... ina cro catha ... cona tuighi do clethcoilltibh āigh ┐ d'fidbadaib neime (2 fidba?), CCath. 4981 . fiodhbhaidh chraoiseach `spear-forest' (armed warriors) TD 29.39 . Of masts: ótchondaic in fidbaid imremair, LL 235b2 ( TTr. 1366 ). Of hair: f.¤ roás triana chenn, Ériu iv 94 § 12 . Of the skeleton: fiodhbhaidh chríon cnámha mo cholna, TSh. 3312 = Dánfhocail 127 . Of a genealogical tree, a family: síol A. ... craobha d'ḟiodhbhaidh inleanta, Content. xxix 24 . Of a person, scion: a ḟiodhbha úr don ḟréimh ríogh, A. Ó Dálaigh xii 8 .

1 foss, fos

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 foss, fos or dil.ie/24107

 

Forms: fos, fos, abhus, fos, bos, anosa, anois, anoise, fossaib

n o, m.

(a) rest (oppd. to motion) ; remaining quiet or stationary ; a state of rest or quietude: eter foss no utmailli whether at rest or in motion Hy i 3 ( Thes. ii 300 ). mithig fos iar tairerad, ACL iii 311 § 4 AFM 926 . is tre ḟir flathemon foss slāne sīd ..., ZCP xi 81 § 13 . Cf. fos mbéil, Ériu xiii 35.23 . Remaining (in a place), continuing (to do something) ; perseverance, steadiness: Here probably : caraim se fos ... oc mo lebrān `I love to rest' (persevere ?) Thes. ii 293.16 . f.¤ ós cind na manach to stay and superintend the monks BNnÉ 4 § 9 . Halting, stopping ; a halt: ni ḟil f.¤ dún co Herind, LL 4a12 . [onni] na denandsom fos acht a n-étaigib ilib [leg. lígdaib ?], Corm. s.v. legam , Thr. Ir. Gl. 26 . ni dernsad fos nā fuirech go rangadur co c., ZCP vi 64.7 . ní dhearnadar fos ná comhnuidhe go rochtain Teamhrach dóibh, Keat. ii 5627 . ni dhernamur f.¤ nó comhnuidhe no go rangamar ..., BNnÉ 50.23 . rogab f.¤ os Boind came to a stop (of Cormac's burial, cf. Keat. ii p. 346 ) LU 4175 . rogab f.¤ issind lind (of a stone thrown), Metr. Dinds. iv 38 . ro ghabh f.¤ hi senchuan Súilighi (= came to anchor) AFM v 1860 . do rochair F. ... la firu Roiss ro gab f.¤ inn uir a adhbha , YBL 13a27 ( Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 48 ). ní ro fhaelsat fos forsna heilifaintib could not stop [stay on ?] the elephants Marco P. 115 . ní ḟuair grádh ná eagla t'ḟos neither love nor fear could restrain you Content. viii 9 . In moral sense : fit f.¤ figell ` perseverance ' Mon. Tall. § 47 . cipé dán ara coratar neuch laímh, ised as dech dó f.¤ occa to persevere in it Mon. Tall. § 76 (= fos do dheunamh aice Rule of Tallaght § 67 ). fos oc etli, Mon. Tall. § 19 ( Rule of Tallaght § 68 ). foss oc etlai, ZCP iii 449.10 . Ériu i 193 . f.¤ fiss feidle ZCP xi 86 § 42 . fos (a virtue in woman) ZCP viii 112.24 ; 113.19 . go ffos ┐ go ffollamhnacht flatha ` firmness ' Hugh Roe 54.16 (f. 15a) . gurb fos (.i. comhnuidhe) ball don chleirceacht ar nachccuala locht da fhaghail riamh, Rule of Tallaght § 67 (= Mon. Tall. § 76 ).

(b) used in gs. as attrib. after noun and as pred. : dond oís foiss i nhIerusalem `the folk that abide in J.' Wb. 19a4 . raithe fo foiss fogamar, Ériu vii 197 (= ib. 2 : `a good stay-at-home season is autumn'). saccart fois Cluana mic N. resident priest AFM ii 844.12 . int aes fuis no bitís ina aigid BB 493a4 = IT ii2 98 , cf. Alex. 544 . raith fuis (.i. raith bis a fosaighecht i forus), Bürgschaft 41 . Cf. boim ... do lucht fuis. Mas duine tinn é do gheibheadh se da boim (diet for monks), Rule of Tallaght c. 28 ; `persons in sound health', possibly residents or sedentary folk . In fig. and moral sense immovable, steady: Ailend ... álaind fál fuis, LL 49b26 ( Hail Brigit § 7 where Meyer would read : álaind fius). fer feidhil foiss i fulung fochaidhi ... amail Iob, Lism. L. 4499 . With cop. : ni fois acht utmall, Corm. Y 988 . nidom fois o thig aghaidh I rest not when night comes BS 30.5 . fear ... nacharbh fhois who did not seek his ease A. Ó Dálaigh lv 6 . ? ní lúan tratha foiss | acht lúan brath braiss (of Moling's `Lúan') LL 307a9 ( SG 386.21 ). ni cuimnech-sum | co ngabad feidm fois that it should undertake the duty of waiting (?) Ériu iii 15 § 7 . See also under (c) below.

(c) in adverbial expressions : i foss (i fus, i bhus, abhus) in a state of rest ; stationary, remaining in a (certain) place, hence here, on this side, often nearly = at home: ní bíad mac D. i fos co fagbad drui would not rest till he found LU 3550 ( SCC 29 ). meni digset ammach ┐ nad anat i fos if they neither set out nor stay where they are TBC-LL¹ 429 . bí i fuss oc irnigthi, Ériu i 199.4 . maith do chleireach beith abus (no i ffoss), BNnÉ 311 = ZCP iii 33.8 . ní rabi Cú Roí hi fus ar a cind (= they did not find C. at home) LU 9040 ( FB 79 ). luid S. do Ard Machae ┐ ni raibi Patraic hi foss, Trip. 240.22 (2849) . in airett battar hi ffoss in dú sin `stationed at that place' AFM vi 2276.10 . Here, on the spot, in this place (often oppd. to another adv. of place) : rochrúfemne ... i fus ind pennit we will settle here and now the penance Mon. Tall. § 7 . mór de maith fuarais i fus ar do longais here (among us) TBC-LL¹ 492 . Cf. an trath is ferinnsgne na seacht bhfocail sin abhus, IGT, Decl. § 108 . is eside cétrí rogab ... i fós ... fri Umbra atuaid here ... north of the Humber LU 288 (v.l. fos, bos, LBretnach § 43 ). hi fus ... sechtair, Alex. 967 . in lucht a fus ... in lucht a tuaith, Laws i 76.23 . Patraic ás hErinn hi foss, Brigit ... oas hErind a ndess, ZCP xi 110 § 31 ( LL 52a46 ). don taeb abus do mhuir Grecc ... don táob thair, Maund. 26 . Often here, in this world (oppd. to `tall') : dosbera Dia dún síd ... i ḟoss isin tṡoegul ┐ flaith nime ... iar mbás LB 180b9 ( PH 2544 ). dogéba tú betha garit abus ┐ bás suthain tall, LB 243b59 ( PH 7411 ). thall ... i fuss, LB 197b52 ( PH 6900 ). [amail be]thi abhus beithi thall ... iar mblaisecht bhāis, Marco P. 12 . isin ecclais abhus the church on earth BNnÉ 23 § 1 . abhus ┐ thall `in this world and the next' RSClára 150b . With art., in dat. or gen., ind ḟ.¤ sa, ind ḟois se (later anos, anosa, anois, anoise) now . See indossa.

(d) pl. in distrib. sense ? biait brain for branfossaib (: chossaib), LU 6612 (zu Rabenaufenthalt Wind. TBC-LL¹ p. 402 ) = branḟesaib, TBC-I¹ 2077 , buind fri brannusa, TBC-LL¹ 2801 (cf. 2757 ). cēm co fosaib i crūithib a ech, TBC-I¹ 2571 (leg. fosaid ?).

Compds. ¤muinter : gach fos-mhuinntear ... pheacaidh bhíos i n-árus na hanma `abiding folk (?)' TSh. 8736 . ¤mullach a summit: i fosmhullach Sléibi Fuait, Acall. 2313 ; 3438 ; see fossad. See also fosairchinnech, foscemel, foslongphort.

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