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adailc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adailc or dil.ie/261

x see adlaic .

adlaic

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adlaic or dil.ie/479

Forms: ad(a)ilc, a(i)l(l)ic, álic

adj i. Also ad(a)ilc, a(i)l(l)ic, álic. desirable, agreeable; needful: tuä intan bas n-a.¤ `silence when it is necessary', Ériu ii 64 § 4 . gach aidhme ba hadhailg ind eallma las an luing everything that was necessary, Hugh Roe 6.13 (fo. 1b) . buí idh . . . fri a tarraing chuca . . . an tan badh adhlaic, AFM vi 1898.6 . In attrib. use: a dlighedh adhluig, Laws i 254.20 Comm. (etymol. gloss on adilce. Cf. a dliged aidalic glossing aidilgne, iii 40.28, 42.12 Comm. ). ollamuin aidilge, O'D. 2215 (Nero A vii 148a) = ollamuin aidhilgne, ib. traighlethan adluigh dealbh[dh]a / Rathbuidhe tuir thrénTemhra, Geneal. Tracts i 17.9 . In phrases is a.¤ DO, LA: cid is ailicc dúib húam `what do ye desire from me?', Ériu iv 140.5 . robo a.¤ dó a aithi do P. aní dorigne fria fer comtha, Trip.² 541 . sec[h]ip rēt bas maith lasin filid ┐ bas a.¤ dó d'foillsiugad, Corm. Y 756 . ( bud á.¤ , Corm. 25.27 ). Fand ic dul la Manannán mac Lir ar nocorb álic duitsiu hí because she is not pleasing to you, LU 4020 ( SCC § 47 ). masat seoit rig . . . ad (adat, ata, v.ll.) adhailge (aidilci v.l.) daib, Anecd. ii 53.3 . nach nī is a.¤ ┐ is laind la duine, Corm. Y 1201 . masa a.¤ lib chena, LU 1566 . déna . . . amal as a.¤ let fessin, 8831 ( FB § 62 ).

Compar. alcu dún (ba cora duinne v.l.) fuligud ┐ fordergad for nech we prefer, LL 8073 (TBC). áillcge dit inda midól / . . . / tú it luing . . ., Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912 xxv 439 § 9 ( LL 369 marg. inf. ). bes ailciu arailiu, Laws iii 42.12 Comm.

n As subst. desire, necessity; necessary thing: donrimmart gorta . . . / . . . / fri ar n-a.¤ uaig . . . to supply all our need, SR 3487 . dénad a.¤ (adoilcc v.l.) cech lobair `the need of every sick person` (rule for religious life), Ériu iii 96 § 2 . nícon ticfa ri moín no a.¤ . . . in sét connegar and (nicontarrtar fri main na torad(h) na a.¤ v.l.) by wish or desire, TBFr. 308 . aire ard oll airbrech ernes cach nolla.¤ / do buidnib balc Banba who grantest every large desire, Bruchst. i 24.7 ( IT iii 57.5 ). adhailg (aid(a)ilc v.ll.) fir urgnama .i. coire i.e. a cauldron is a necessity for a man who prepares food, Anecd.. ii 52.8 . ic imluadh a n-adhelge . . . ┐ a n-arm catha moving what was necessary for them, CCath. 4644 . a ffurtain do bhiúdh ┐ da gach naidhilcc aca, AFM v 1496.10 . = adhailcce, 1550.11 . ?róimh aoibhinn ar n-adhlaicne (: aicme), Studies 1920, 566 § 4 (perh. form of adailcne, see aidilccne). adhailg .i. mian, O'Cl. aidilg .i. mian .i. dliged, O'Curry 1970 (H. 4. 22, p. 15). = aidilg .i. main dligid, 569 (H 3.18, 284). In pejorative sense, demand(?), improper desire(?): con innisenn dó cen len / adlaice macc n-Israhél, SR 4608 = adlaice ┐ indliged mac nI., LB 122a36 . adlaici ┐ eccora inndligeda mac nI., BB 243a10 . ní hadlicgi álsidi / a ḟasnís do ócaib Ulad (ni hadlaic ailseda, St.) it is not a necessity of shame(?), TBC-LL¹ 4768 ( LL 11488 ).

adnacul

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adnacul or dil.ie/509

Forms: ad-anaig, annlacad, adlacad

n o, n. Later m. Vn. of ad-anaig. Later also annlacad (-an), adlacad. See adnacad.

(a) act of burying; burial, funeral: intain diagma-ni fo baithis is cosmulius a adnacuil ┐ a báis dúnni, Wb. 3a15 . im nemtiachtain do a.¤ na flatha, Laws i 186.19 Comm. a n-airet beas ac adhnacul ┐ ac idhnacul adhaltraighi, v 308.5 Comm. dia timna a adhnucal la athuir, iii 66.13 Comm. logh a adhnaccail díc funeral fees, O'D. 2341 ( Rawl. 506 fo. 38 ). ba bes lasna geinti a n-adnacal fo n-armaib, Trip.² 803 . a chuid dona cluichib do denam, comad moidi onoir ind n-adnocail, TTebe 2581 . na cuirp d'annlucudh, Stair Erc. 2200 . comberim linn ē don Brugh / ann is coír a annlucud, ZCP xiii 245.8 . a adlacad a Slicech, Ann. Conn. 1386 § 2 . ar cionn chorp . . . dá nadhlacan, SG 8.10 .

(b) grave, sepulchre: a.¤ nersoilcthe gl. sepulcrum patens, Ml. 22a11 . amal da marb i n-a.¤ , Wb. 20c26 . frisna fíradnacla, Ml. 83d3 . sírbuith i nadnaclaib, 69a8 . fri taeb adnacuil Abeil, SR 2224 . scailtir in carnd, taidbegar int a.¤ , Trip.² 1872 . frisna adnacula i n-adnaictis, Corm. Y 606 . ni chumdaigem adnocla na duma for marbu, Alex. 902 . ní eli ata san andlacadh, ZCP xi 140.8 . ca raibe an t-andluicedh sin, 6 . a timcill an adlaic[th]i comcruind, Maund. 69 .

(c) dirge, funeral song: ba hé a hannacol Maic Con indíeid a drúith, RC xiii 460 § 61 . ba hé a hannacol Saidbe . . . `mairg damsa de', § 62. Cf. annḟocal.

(d) Various: tri ced bairghen co ma tri / cios cairpri sin don airdri / gacha bliadhna lith gan locht / 'sa adhlacadh coa ardport and that it should be conveyed (?) to his chief residence, ZCP viii 116.5 . cach nadnacal cona urtechta imnai do eclais `grant', Laws iii 42.14 . caite techta cach adnacail o thuaith . . . imna ocairech tri seoit . . ., 18 (cf. idnacul).

aidilcc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidilcc or dil.ie/876

x see adlaic .

aidlic

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidlic or dil.ie/890

x see adlaic .

aidliccen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidliccen or dil.ie/891

adj [o, ā?] (cf. adlaic ) needy, poor . As subst. n : amal aidlicen gl. egens, Ml. 36c12 . sech níta aidlicen `for I am not in need', 70b7 . ardon-bath ba ar n-airchenn adlicen (adilcen, adilg, adilgen, adailgean, aidilgen, aidilcen v.ll.) . . . intí bá airchenn fri airchisecht ar n-adlice atbath `our chieftain of the needy', ACC 14 ( RC xx 162 ). friseillget troigh ┐ aidheilgen, Laws iv 350.25 .

ailicc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ailicc or dil.ie/1015

x see adlaic .

ailig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ailig or dil.ie/1025

x see adlaic .

1 aithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithe or dil.ie/2602

Forms: aithi, aithi, aithi

vn. of ad-fen. a.¤ n-imrime, Cóic Con. 47 § 84 . a s. always aithi in Wb. (unless the obscure cenathe, Wb. 18a25 , contains this word); n s. aithi, Sg. 111b3 , Thes. ii 227.21 , Trip.² 541 . See GOI § 725 . aithi f., IGT Decl. § 3 .

(a) Act of requiting; requital, recompense; payment, quid pro quo: ní ar lóg na aithi pridchimmi soscéle, Wb. 14c8 , 9 ; 15b11 ; 24d1 . precept soscéli cen lóg cen aithi, 14c10 . aithi gl. foenus, Sg. 111b3 . aithi usura, Thes. ii 227.21 . aithi .i. cum[m]ain, ut est cach rath co n-aithi .i. biadh ┐ manchuine, O'Dav. 168 . caite a.¤ .i. log meich, Laws iii 328.8 . caiti in a.¤ cumaine, 9 Comm. ni fuil aithfe gin iubaile do gelluib, O'D. 706 ( H 3.17, 516 ). a.¤ n-imrime .i. in aithe comaine no logh do-berar ar imrim int searraigh .i. ara riarugud i.e. recompense for breaking in a horse, Cóic Con. 47 § 84 ; Laws v 212.3 . gin aithi gin fochraic . . . gin a.¤ .i. focetoir, gin fochraic .i. iardain, O'Curry 2460 ( Eg. 88, f. 37(38)c ). a.¤ fiach .i. ic fiach, 766 ( H 3.18, 360b ). mac duine timghair a.¤ a mhaoeine i.e. he does not confer benefits for nothing, ZCP xii 296.5 . ratha fiala a.¤ ṡlána, LL 343b55 = aithi ṡlána `full compensations', Tec. Corm. 3.27 . ferr athe opad, LL 345c41 = ithe, Anecd. iii 19.14 . fuilled ro-imarcraid ind aithi, MacCongl. 21.5 .

(b) act of retaliating; revenge, retaliation: nech bud ḟerr leis dá athe no da dígail, TBC-LL¹ 4419 . tene . . . oc athi bar col, PH 3637 . nech da tísad aithi na gona sain who should avenge that slaying, LL 244a47 ( TTr. 2051 ). fear a.¤ a an-fhalta `to revenge his animosities', MR 262.12 . nir-bo echt cen aithi, TTebe 3524 . aithi in uilc, IGT Decl. ex. 166 . a.¤ x DO y avenging x (an action) on y: robo adlaic dó a aithi do Pátraic aní dorigni, Trip.² 541 . More usually with FOR: d'a.¤ a n-indligid foruib to punish them for their rapacity, ACL iii 3.16 . d'athi ar n-écora for Troiánu, LL 224a6 ( TTr. 494 ). dia aithiu fair in dimhicin dorad fornd, Marco P. 31 . d'a.¤ a anffoladh ar a eassccairdibh, AFM vi 2146.15 . Of a person: d'aithi ┐ d'fír-dígail Oilella Finn ar fheraib Erenn, Celt. Rev. iv 204.13 .

álaic

Cite this: eDIL s.v. álaic or dil.ie/2875

x see adlaic .

coma

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coma or dil.ie/10558

Forms: comad, comaidh, comthaighi, comthach, -aid, comaid, comaid, cumha

n orig. , f.? Later with dental inflexion (but cf. ` comad jünger coma f.' Thurneysen, ZCP xv 337 ). m., IGT Decl. § 2 . f., § 4 . g s. comaidh, Lism. L. 118 . a p. comthaighi, Caithr. CC 4 § 9 . g p. comthach, RC xvi 140.6 . Later freq. cu-. Appar. also with n s. -aid: comaid (ón choimhde) f., IGT Decl. § 10 .

General meaning gift, offer, of something given or offered in return for a favour, concession etc., hence freq. consideration, bribe, ransom; in military contexts of something offered as an alternative to battle, hence condition(s), term(s), peace-overture(s) (see RC xliv 178 ). Freq. in pl. comhadh, cennach, bríb, tairgse, dearlaice, Eg. Gl. 135 . ? si pro scientia furti inter orientem et dextera portata est is c.¤, et [in] promptum est et mox scietur , Thes. ii 237.11 . fiach gona fir chāna i comaid (leg. comai?) catha `in ausgemachter Schlacht', ZCP xv 336 § 28 . berar imarchor comai úan dó (folld. by list of things offered in exchange for truce), LU 5586 . na comadha mora `onerous conditions', Ériu xii 182 § 11 (TE2). araba na cómha (sic MS.) sin, Imr. Brain 60.19 . buith fo riaguil mo chomae (-a, MSS.), Ériu i 202 § 29 . ar na comadhaibh celcci, TBC-LL¹ 503 n. 6 . i[n] fail c.¤ gabas is he prepared to accept terms? 1771 . imm airisium ar na comai sin, 1794 . ? ferr c.¤ coimtid, LL 345c40 ( RC xlv 86 § 67 . comaid, Anecd. iii 19.13 ). a ch.¤ nīrsat gūacho, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 93 § 18 . ná diṅgnitis less no adlaic no comai no caṅgin, LL 31893 (TTr.). ? missi ac crábud 'sa comaid / tussu ic éirge ra folaid, 38367 . na gabaid comaid n-aile, PH 901 . cath tar comaidh, ML² 1416 . cumhang le cách a chomhtha `everyone will think his (?) recompenses too small', RC xlix 171.19 . an domhan . . . / ar son gur chuir fa chomhthaibh though he held the world in subjection, Ir. Syll. Poetry 37 § 2 . slata nach claon re comhaidh (: arodhain), DDána 102.7 `who yield to no compromise', Ir. Monthly 1928, 35 . ? cóig comha rú ag réidhioghudh `the Five Provinces' (see notes), O'Hara 135 . gé madh gearr cairde na comha, IGT Decl. ex. 108 . nach berad . . . ar c.¤ sa bith under any circumstances, Cog. 186.10 . go tucta cumha eli do `other rewards', Laws i 4. x Comm. no-char gab si c.¤ cruid / is í 'ca toga ag triathuibh bride price, Hy Fiach. 206.13 . duine eiccin da bur muindtir do tabairt do comhaidh don peísd `to propitiate that beast', BCC 196.12 . E. do fhuaslaccadh . . . d'eallach do eachaibh ┐ do comhtaibh ele `ransomed', AFM iv 854.11 . do aontuigh G. cumhaidh nó breab do ghlacadh ó Naaman, Eochairsg. 64.1 . comtha . . . tar cend an tsíodha, Hugh Roe² 128.4 . cumha = gift, Deuteronomy xvi 19 . tucad cuma ┐ tuicse dó in gach tenga, BCC 100.22 . ? lia chomha, RC xliv 162 § 92 .

Díadlaic

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Díadlaic or dil.ie/15888

n.loc. (adlaicc): di tipraid indsin Adlaic ┐ Diadlaic, Dinds. 1 § 42 . Metr. Dinds. i 22. 65 .

do-fúarascaib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-fúarascaib or dil.ie/17697

Forms: tuarascbat, tuarascbait, rotuarascaib, rotuarascfat, túarascbáil

v (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 528 ) discloses, reveals, describes, makes known, characterizes. Indic. pres. 3 s. imbass forosnae .i. d.¤ sec[h]ip rēt bas maith lasin filid ┐ bes adlaic dó d' foillsiugad, Corm. Y 756 . cach deidbli fil i mbērlae is -ān no -ēne dofuarusccuib characterizes, 1301 . d.¤ a soas, Laws i 42.36 Comm. is de dofuarasgaib in flaith, O'Dav. 822 . 3 pl. nís tuarascbat feisin cen gutai they do not express themselves without vowels gl. consonantes sine vocalibus immobiles sunt, Sg. 7a11 . trí tuarascbait cach ngenmnaide three things that characterize every chaste person, Triads 187 . Cf. also 189 , 190 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. rotuarascaib ind echlach disi et roinnis scéla . . . dó-som, TFerbe 515 . ? ised a cenel-sin dofhorgascaib in indsi-sea diar ceneol-ni (of the Síl Nemid), Lec. 350a25 . ? Pass. co rotuarascfat adi i mBuirind Connacht, ACL iii 326.6 .

Vn. túarascbáil. IGT Vbs. § 100 .

do-gní

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-gní or dil.ie/17752
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: dogníu, dogni, dogní, dugn, dogniam, dogníith, du-nd-gniid, dogniat, dugníat, denim, nis-denaim, ara-ndeni, déni, n-nad-denam, ndenid, dénat, dogníu, dogním, domgníis, dogní, dogníd, dogníthit, dénaim, ndéin, dogn-, don-, doni, doniam, dénus, dernim, dergenaim, derni, dernat, dernat, dene, da-n-g[n]íid, dénad, do-sn-gniith, dénid, déne, déni, déna, dén, dénad, dénam, dénaid, dénat, dugníth, dugnítis, dognitis, dognínn, dénainn, dognéo, dugneu, dogn, madesgne, dogn, du-n-gné, do-s-gnem, dogneid, dogneith, dogned, dugnet, déne, dena, denae, nad-ndenam, nis-ṅ-denaith, dogner, dogneor, do-neor, donear, dogné, dogéne, dóene, don, dénar, ndiaghnair, ndiaghnum, do-nd-rón, dorón, dorronai, doróna, dorónam, dorónaid, dern, dern, ndern, nderne, derna, ndernam, ndernaid, dernat, d-a-gnenn, dugnén, dognein, dugnitha, dognetha, dogned, dogneth, dugnemmis, dognethe, dugnetis, ndenmis, frisan-dénte, conna-dentis, dendis, tentis, duróininn, duronad, doróntæ, derninn, ndernain, dernad, derṅmis, dernainn, dén-, dern-, dugén, dugene, do-n-genae, dogéna, du-n-genam-ni, do-n-génid, dogénat, digén, digen, digenam, dignem, ndignet, dogén, dian, dogénus, dingén, dingn-, dingnea, dingniam, ndingnair, dergían, dergenat, drónfat, dogenainn, dogenad, dogenmis, digned, digénte, dorigenmais, da-rigente, digéni, degēni, dogéni, dogénsat, dogensatar, dogniset, dognisetar, ndigni, digni, ndénsat, densat, dorigenu(a)s, dorignius, do-m-rignis, do-nd-rigéni, dorigni, dorigénsam, do-d-rigénsid, dorigéensat, dorigénsat, deirgenus, deirgéni, dergéni, ndergini, ndergensat, dernus, dorignius, dorindius, dorinnus, dorigni, dorigne, derigne, dorinne, dorin, dogrinn, dorigénsat, dorigensatar, dorigniset, dorinnsid, dorigéntar, dorinnetar, doringnis, doringne, doringset, do-rig-, dorigsem-ne, dorigset, dergenus, dergene, dergena, deirgeini, ndergensat, rodergenset, dernus, derna, nderna, ndernsat, ndernatar, ndearnadar, ndernaisit, dorónus, do-d-róni, do-s-róna, doróne, doróine, doróigne, doróinde, dorogn, dorónsat, dorónsatar, dogníther, dogníter, in-déntar, ndéntar, ndénatar, déntar, derntar, dogníthe, ndentae, dogníthe, -a, dognether, dugnetar, ndentar, dénatar, dorontar, dorróntar, derntar, dognethe, dognetis, dente, ṅdenta, dorónta, doróntais, derntá, ndernta, dogentar, dogénatar, dogenaiter, dingentar, dignestar, dogénta, dignesta, dogníth, dugnitha, durónath, dorónad, dorónta, dernad, dorónad, dorónait, dorigned, dorigenadh, dorinded, dorinnead, ndernad, ndernta, dénti, dénta, dénum, do-gní, dogní, dogní, dogní

v (* di-gnī-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 541 ). See ZCP i 350 ff . Indic. pres.— O.Ir. 1 s. dogníu, Wb. 17c11 . 2 s. dogni, 6c16 . 3 s. dogní, 6a8 ; dugn, Ml. 39b2 . 1 pl. dogniam, Wb. 15d9 . 2 pl. dogníith, 9c15 , cf. 25c14 ; amal du-nd-gniid , Ml. 103b13 . 3 pl. dogniat, Wb. 30c14 ; dugníat, 14b17 . 1 s. ní denim , Wb. 12c9 ; nis-denaim, Ml. 75a9 . 2 s. ara-ndeni, 55d21 . 3 s. nad déni , Thes. ii 294.28 , Wb. 31d12 . 1 pl. a n-nad-denam , 16a24 . 2 pl. dia ndenid , 8c11 . 3 pl. ni dénat , 12b20 . Mid.Ir.—1 s. dogníu, dogním. ? 2 s. domgníis, BB 350a23 (cf. Dinds. 1 § 14 ). 3 s. dogní; dogníd, Mon. Tall. 128 , 129 . 3 pl. dogníthit, LB 260a59 . 1 s. ní dénaim , etc. 3 s. co ndéin , Maund. 137 . In this, as in other tenses, the stem dogn- is freq. written don-, doni, doniam, etc. 3 s. rel. dénus (for dogní), Fl. Earls 220.2 . With -ro- of possibility. 1 s. ní dernim , RC xxv 24 § 4 , cf. IT iii 47.12 ; ni dergenaim , TBC-LL¹ 4387 . 3 s. nach derni , Ml. 128c3 . 3 pl. ni dernat , Wb. 22d3 ; nad dernat , Tec. Corm. p. 34 .

Ipv. O.Ir.—2 s. na dene , Ml. 55a1 . 3 s. da-n-g[n]íid, Wb. 8d9 . dénad, 28d19 . 2 pl. do-sn-gniith, 24b12 . dénid, 25c17 . Mid.Ir.—2 s. déne; déni, SR 1183 , 5680 , TBC-LL¹ 1495 ; déna; dén. 3 s. dénad. 1 pl. dénam. 2 pl. dénaid. 3 pl. dénat.

Impf. O.Ir.—3 s. dugníth, Ml. 30a3 . 3 pl. dugnítis, 62c13 . dognitis, 22a4 . Mid.Ir.—1 s. dognínn ( donin, TBC-LL¹ 3403 ). ní dénainn .

Subj. pres. O.Ir.—1 s. dognéo, Wb. 17c20 , cf. 3d2 ; dugneu, Ml. 23c24 . 2 s. dogn, Wb. 5d39 . 3 s. madesgne, Thes. ii 246.29 (sic leg., ZCP xiv 8 ). dogn, 12c46 . du-n-gné, Ml. 129b1 . 1 pl. do-s-gnem, Wb. 21b9 . 2 pl. dogneid, 5d30 ; dogneith, 12d7 ; dogned, 25d22 . 3 pl. dugnet, Ml. 120c1 , cf. 83b14 . 2 s. mani déne , Wb. 10a17 . 3 s. mani dena , Ml. 35d14 . ceni denae , Mon. Tall. 138.30 . 1 pl. nad-ndenam, 23c6 . 2 pl. nis-ṅ-denaith, Wb. 6b29 . Mid.Ir.—1 s. cia dogner , K. Sächs. Gesell. Ber. xlii 83 . dogneor, Lec. 531a . sul do-neor , TBC-LL¹ 3078 = siu donear , TBC-I¹ 2276 . 3 s. dogné; dogéne, PH 770 . dóene (= dogéne?), Thes. ii 346.35 , 351.41 . don, 300.30 . 1 s. cia dénar , Ériu i 227 . 2 s. cu ndiaghnair , Lib. Flav. i 36ra23 . 1 pl. cu ndiaghnum , 36ra34 . With -ro- 1 s. do-nd-rón, Wb. 5b18 . dorón, ACL iii 298.16 , Fél. Prol. 269 . 2 s. dorronai, Wb. 32a24 . 3 s. doróna, Thes. ii 1.27 , Mon. Tall. 132.28 . 1 pl. dorónam, Metr. Dinds. iii 448 . 2 pl. dorónaid, Fél. Prol. 186 . 1 s. na dern , SR 1583 . ní dern (dernd, MS.), Ériu vi 116 . co ndern , LU 10644 . 2 s. dia nderne , Mon. Tall. 142 . 3 s. arna derna , Wb. 4a5 . 1 pl. co ndernam , Wb. 22a12 . 2 pl. co ndernaid , 13d30 . 3 pl. ar na dernat , BDD § 94 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. d-a-gnenn, Wb. 10d31 ; dugnén, 10c16 ; dognein, 10a27 . 2 s. dugnitha (leg. dognetha), Ml. 103d16 . 3 s. dogned, Wb. 17a13 ; dogneth, Sg. 21b6 . 1 pl. dugnemmis, Wb. 10c21 . 2 pl. dognethe, 9d25 . 3 pl. dugnetis, Ml. 74a1 , cf. 73d1 . 1 pl. dia ndenmis , Sg. 203a6 . 2 pl. frisan-dénte, Wb. 9c24 . 3 pl. conna-dentis, Ml. 124c20 . mani dendis , 75d2 . mani tentis , 35c18 . Forms with -ro-: 1 s. duróininn, Ml. 46b13 (reading doubtful). 3 s. duronad, Wb. 8a4 . 2 pl. doróntæ, 16a23 . 1 s. nach derninn , Wb. 8a5 . co ndernain , PCr. 2a2 . 3 s. na dernad , LU 8155 . 1 pl. arna derṅmis , Sg. 203a6 . Mid.Ir. ní dernainn , etc.

In later lang. the prot. stem dén- is almost entirely replaced by dern- throughout the subjunctive ( IGT Verbs § 1 ).

Fut. 1 s. dugén, Ml. 30b9 . 2 s. dugene, 41b4 . do-n-genae, Wb. 32a25 . 3 s. dogéna, 26a20 . 1 pl. du-n-genam-ni, Ml. 111d3 . 2 pl. do-n-génid, Wb. 17a6 . 3 pl. dogénat, 13a13 . 1 s. in digén , Wb. 9d4 ; ni digen , Ml. 69a21 . 1 pl. ni digenam , Ml. 30c9 . ni dignem , Wb. 17b9 . 3 pl. nad ndignet , Ml. 56b15 . Mid.Ir. dogén (dodén) etc.; ní dian , Lib. Flav. i 17rb24 . 3 s. rel. dogénus, SG 290.13 . ni digén (ní digeón, TBC-I¹ 1647 ). ni dingén , FB § 31 . Most usually with stem dingn-: 3 s. ní dingnea . 1 pl. nocho dingniam , FB § 6 . 2 s. dep. co ndingnair (fut. for subj.), ZCP vi 64.26 . Forms with -ro- are rare:? 3 s. ni dergían , TBC-LL¹ 2808 ; 3 pl. ni dergenat , Ml. 80a9 . Cf. 3 pl. drónfat (= dorónfat), BColm. 50 . Condit. 1 s. dogenainn, TBC-I¹ 2874 . 3 s. dogenad, Wb. 26a12 . 1 pl. dogenmis, Sg. 203a6 . 3 s. ni digned , Ml. 14b4 . 2 pl. nicon digénte , Wb. 9d9 . With -ro-: 1 pl. dorigenmais, TBC-I¹ 177 (LU). 2 pl. da-rigente, Wb. 13b3 ; 11d5 .

Pret. 3 s. digéni, Thes. ii 239 ( Ardm. 17b1 ). degēni, RC xxv 344 (see ZCP xiv 8 ). dogéni, Sg. 185b4 , TBC-I¹ 1732 LU (= dogena, YBL). 3 pl. dogénsat, Trip.² 1380 . dogensatar, Rawl. 142a55 . dogniset, Hugh Roe 102 . dognisetar, ZCP viii 544 . 3 s. nad ndigni , Ml. 23b10 . na digni , SR 6146 . 3 pl. co ndénsat , FB § 77 . ni densat , SG 234.14 . Pret. forms (i.e. without -ro-) seem confined chiefly to 3 s. and pl. and become rare in Mid.Ir.

Perf. 1 s. dorigenu(a)s, Ml. 2a6 . dorignius, Wb. 24b12 , cf. Ml. 23c27 , Fél. Ep. 111 , TBC-I¹ 937 (LU). 2 s. do-m-rignis, Wb. 4c27 ; Fél. Ep. 506 . 3 s. do-nd-rigéni, Wb. 6d2 , cf. 11a30 , Ml. 54a4 ; dorigni, Wb. 4c32 . 1 pl. dorigénsam, 14b26 . 2 pl. do-d-rigénsid, 20d3 , cf. 33d5 . 3 pl. dorigéensat, 5a24 ; dorigénsat, 7d10 . 1 s. nad deirgenus , Wb. 24a14 . 3 s. nad deirgéni , 13b17 . ni dergéni , Ml. 114b12 . nad ndergini , 23c15 . 3 pl. co ndergensat , Sg. 187b6 . 1 s. ni dernus , Ml. 39a11 . In Mid.Ir. and later lang. 1 s. dorignius, etc., cf. Auraic. 651 ; dorindius, Imr. Brain i 65.25 ; dorinnus, CF 98 . 3 s. dorigni, dorigne ( derigne, Hib. Min. 276 ), dorinne, dorin (late). dogrinn, ZCP v 489 § 13 (B. na f.) (see Celtica xiii 25 ). 3 pl. dorigénsat, dorigensatar, SR 5929 ; dorigniset, TBC-LL¹ 2249 ; dorinnsid, SR 3616 , dorigéntar, 6052 ; dorinnetar, -edar (late). Stem do-ring-: 2 s. doringnis, TBC-LL¹ 5778 . 3 s. doringne; cf. 3 pl. doringset, LL 354e5 , Metr. Dinds. iii 16 . Stem do-rig-: dorigsem-ne, Rawl. 142b5 ; dorigset, SR 3533 , 3660 , 3957 , etc. 1 s. ni dergenus , Leb. Gab.(i) 30.2 . 3 s. nochon dergene , TBC-I¹ 2067 . nocho dergena , TBC-LL¹ 2982 . ní deirgeini , AFM vi 2120 , 2142 . 3 pl. co ndergensat , AFM 960 . rodergenset, RC xvi 156 . More usually 1 s. ní dernus , 3 s. ni derna , co nderna , 3 pl. co ndernsat , co ndernatar (go ndearnadar ). co ndernaisit , AU 1101 . Further 1 s. dorónus, etc. 3 s. do-d-róni, BDD § 26 ; do-s-róna, SR 295 ; doróne, doróine, doróigne, doróinde, dorogn, Trip.² 1038 . 3 pl. dorónsat, BDD 134 , 168 . dorónsatar, MR 142.1 .

Passive. Pres. s. dogníther, Wb. 10c11 . pl. dogníter, Sg. 35b13 . in-déntar, PCr. 66a1 ( Thes. ii 230 ); ara ndéntar , Wb. 2a10 ; pl. lassa ndénatar , Ml. 84a11 .

Ipv. déntar; (with -ro-) derntar, Ériu ii 200 .

Impf. s. dogníthe, Wb. 15a18 . i ndentae , Ml. 24d9 . Mid.Ir. dogníthe, -a.

Subj. pres. s. dognether, Wb. 29a21 ; pl. dugnetar, Ml. 112d8 . ara ndentar , Ml. 30d13 ; pl. mani dénatar , Wb. 8a11 . (With -ro-) dorontar, Mon. Tall. 146.31 . dorróntar, Wb. 13d21 . arna derntar , Ml. 93a1 . Impf. s. dognethe, Wb. 9c20 ; pl. síu dognetis , SR 7853 . s. mani dente , Ml. 29a6 ; co ṅdenta , Sg. 9b2 . dorónta, 65a1 ; pl. doróntais (?), Corm. Y 324 . na derntá , TBC-LL¹ 5758 ; co ndernta (usual prot. form in Mid. Ir.).

Fut. s. dogentar, Wb. 4d1 ; pl. dogénatar, Fél. Ep. 176 ; dogenaiter, LU 4256 . Mid.Ir. ní dingentar ; ní dignestar , MacCongl. 35.11 . Condit. s. dogénta, TE 9 (Eg.). na dignesta , MacCongl. 45.15 .

Pret. dogníth (Mid.Ir.); pl. dugnitha, Ml. 73a19 . Perf. ced durónath , Wb. 33a15 ; dorónad, 15a33 , BDD § 133 . pl. dorónta, Sg. 216a1 , Fél. Prol. 239 . lasan dernad , Thes. ii 289.5 . In later lang. dorónad (Keat.), dorónait; dorigned, BDD § 133 ; dorigenadh, Corm. Y 685 ; dorinded, dorinnead. co ndernad ; co ndernta .

Vbl. of necess. dénti, Wb. 12d41 . Part. dénta. Vn. dénum. IGT Verbs § 1 .

The meanings of do-gní fall under two main heads, does (I) , and makes (II) . As both these senses are often implicit in the Irish, the classification given below is to some extent artificial. Examples in which the notion of activity seems predominant are referred to I, those in which that of formation is uppermost to II; but often only the context can decide to which head an instance belongs, e.g. dogní comairle takes counsel (I) , or forms a plan (II) ; dogní dliged administers justice (I) or makes (promulgates) a law (II) .

I

(a) does , implying action in the widest sense: a ndugniat ar magistir, is ferr dún a dénum, Wb. 14b17 . a nāt denat ar magistir, ni dignem-ni, 15d6 . cach óin dodgéna samlaid whosoever shall do thus, Thes. ii 235 . níb ar adbchlos do dóinib, ba ar Dia gacha ndene let all thou doest be (done) for God, Ériu ii 172 . 'n-a forcongrai do cach aen, co ndosróna fodhein what thou ordainest for others, do thyself, ACL iii 316 , cf. LB 261a30 . cid dogní-siu sund, a gillai?, TBC-LL¹ 1401 . cid dogén mana fagar . . . iat?, ZCP viii 113 . ronertat nád dernat they strive after what they cannot do, Tec. Corm. p. 34 . ní fil ní bad toil ria cóemchéle na dingned, LU 3912 ( SCC § 42 ). cid ed ón dorigenmais-ni we could have done even that, TBC-I¹ 177 LU (glossed .i. rofetfaimmais a denom). damad messe Finnachta . . . nocho dingenaind 'na nderna, LL 307b19 . a n-atchondcamár dorigénsam, LU 1780 = RC ix 486 . ma dorontar ón if it can be managed, Mon. Tall. 146 . ni derntar isin cath ni nad fesur uaid let nothing be done . . . without my learning it from you, TBC-I¹ 3527 . Often in response to a command: guidh in Coimdhi[dh] lem . . . Dagēntar, ZCP iii 33 . With DE, FRI, DO of pers. or thing, does with (to): ised dognith de was done with him, IT i 142 . ní fhetar . . . cid dernad de, TBFr. 295 . an ro chara, dagné dímsa, 303 . cid má ndénai-siu damsa sain? TBC-LL¹ 218 . cid dogenam friu-so[m]?, Hy. ii 10 Comm. ( Thes. ii 311 ). cid dogéin (leg. dogén) frit chorp coemdil? what shall I do with thy body? SR 2050 . cid dogéntar friu?, TBC-I¹ 173 (LU). In neg. phrases with acht and cen: asbert ni digned acht sid, BB 193b24 . drong nach déin acht droichdhíol fiach, TSh. 4650 . aderaid . . . na denaid na leagha acht biadh do bacail don othar that physicians do nothing but prevent the sick from eating, 23 P 10, 152vb36 . is demin nach dingin-sea gan in comrac-sa do denam that I shall not refrain from fighting, Aen. 2931 . ní dingnuind-si ar ilimud maithesa gan dul ann, ZCP vi 72 . In passive often happens, takes place: in talamscugud dognither and, CCath. 1015 . amhail dorónta cidh iarttain, Hugh Roe 256 . doridned . . . co n-edbrad Cain māine (= factum est ut offerret C., Gen. iv 3 ), Lec. 530b38 . doridned laitheada Adaim iar tusmed Seth do .i. ocht cét bliadan (= facti sunt dies Adam . . . octingenti anni, Gen. v 4 ), 531b49 . cf. 532a1 , 27 , 32 , 43 , in all of which the pass. of dogní is an artificial translation of Lat. fieri.

(b) Used to avoid repetition of another vb., like Eng. do (see Celtica i 318 ): — báidhter ón, ar Mac an D. — Ni dingnum itir, ol M., Imr. Brain i 64 . — imrem fithchill. — Ni dernus riam, ar C., Ériu v 30 . do slechtadar . . . damsa ┐ doghenaid duitsi mar sin, CF 215 . dia hingreim doridhisi amail dorighni fecht n-aill, BS 122 . rocomroic Ioib riasi . . . amal danid re hIunaind, TTebe 782 . sechain toil na drúisi amail dodhenta tiagarna fuar as you would (shun) an unfeeling master, Ériu v 138 . smachtaigh do ben amail dodhenta do mac, 114 . damad maith lat a losccadh, dogéntae, Moling 42 .

(c) fulfils, executes, carries out (a wish, command, etc.): dénaid mo réir-se, FB § 16 . dén reir do mathar is t'athar, ZCP vi 272 . in airet donet mu reir, Lism. L. 3522 . ní dingna réir do lethéid he will not obey the like of thee, Fianaig. 74 . co ndernur do reir, Ériu iii 14 . is noeb cach oen dugní toil ind ríg, Thes. ii 294 (SP iv). is lestar fás . . . nad déni thoil ind ríg, ib. doní toil a menman ria, Imr. Brain i 65 . ní dingnum do comairle we will not take your advice, IT ii2 134 . da ndernair-se mo comhairle-si, Ériu v 98 . dia mbadh mo chomairli-si do-gneithi ann if my advice were followed, Leb. Gab.(i) 252 . nephetarcna inna timnae ndiade ata deinti that are to be carried out, Ml. 58a20 . Cf. further: dorinde C.C. an t-abur docum ar cruthaigh Dia é accomplished the purpose for which God created him, BCC § 376 .

(d) Freq. with object either directly expressing or implying activity of some kind.

(i) With an accus. of kindred meaning: is gnim anecni dogníu, Wb. 17c11 . dorinnsid gnim n-imamnas, SR 3616 . truag lim-sa in gnim dognither isin maidin-sea, TBC-I¹ 2314 . co ndernsat gníma móra, IT i 76 . dorigéni gnímrada gaile forro, TBC-LL¹ 1967 (dorinde, St.). ní dern (dernd, derd, MSS.) sáithar cen ḟochraic may I do no work without reward, Ériu vi 116 . ar nā dendáis gním no mugsaine isin domnaig, Ériu ii 200 . in muid dungní cach oen láu of the work he does every day, Thes. ii 294 (SP ii). síu donear mo mudu | i fiadhnaisi int sluaig, TBC-I¹ 2276 = TBC-LL¹ 3078 . amail dogéntais in mbeirt, Ériu iv 110 . ní dénat firtu they do not work miracles, Wb. 12b20 . dogníth mór fertae he wrought many miracles, Hy. ii 33 . a ndorigne do ḟertaib, v 67 . cumbad for Martain dogneth Dia in mirbuil-sin, RC ii 388 = Lat. Lives 89 . ni dernad ┐ ní dingentar mirbuil bud mō, Todd Lect. vi 71 . in torand-chless dogní-siu, TBC-LL¹ 1756 . a cleas dorigniusa fiada the feat I have performed before him, TBC-I¹ 1270 . it e dorigensat ind abairt sin, 1425 (LU). cid mór do chomramaib gaili ┐ gaiscid dogné nech, 1862 . ni fo cian . . . co nderna-som béit n-aile, 486 . ni dernnsat ban-echta ban, MR 212 .

(ii) With an abstract subst. as obj., to express a moral action or a feeling: ainmne do dénam to exercise patience, Ériu i 196 . cé dogénsam ainmne uime, ACL iii 295 . na dene ainmnit show not patience, Ml. 55a1 . amarus dogní forom-sa he suspects me, SG 80 . dia mbad athirge dognéth Adam if A. repented, SR 1409 . ac Rígh corpgil doron athirge dim phecthaib may I be penitent, ACL iii 298 . co ndernur aithrigi is fedbdacht, 243 . digal ind ancridi dogní nech frit, Sg. 181a6 . dentar anlecht let-sa fri hA., TE 8 (Eg.). adubairt . . . co nderrna si brég ara gelladh, ZCP vi 277 . conadh becc mbuada nó mbuadhnaisi badh denta do Poimp de P. had little reason to exalt, CCath. 5096 . dognidh buidechus mor, 6000 . dénaid chalma be valiant, LL 225a23 ( TTr. 581 ). cein dogeni calma, TBC-I¹ 1267 . is í tra celg dosgní Guaire, SG 64 . in ceasacht do[g]niad na mná the niggardliness which women practise, Ériu v 24 . ní dhénadh cert nā dligedh uime would not do right or justice, TTebe 832 . dēni (déne, LU) cōir ngaiscid frim give me fair play, TBC-I¹ 1288 . masa chonnalbai dogni, 234 . do-nídís crábhadh, TSh. 8928 . dogni mo chumtabairt thou art doubtful of me, SR 2888 . is coir dáibh-si . . . deghmenma do denamh to be of good courage, CCath. 1692 . co ndenad deirc móir dend airliud used to perform great charity, Hy. v 25 Comm. ( Thes. ii 332 ). maircc doní díomas as ór who is proud of gold, KMMisc. 364 . gan a dhiomdha do dénomh without grudging, ZCP viii 221 . co n[d]ingen-sa díth ┐ dochar duit, vi 49 . dogní dormuine, SG 373 . adrubairt A. riu gen drochciall do denam not to act foolishly, TTebe 416 . cid ben dognē drūis, KMMisc. 272 . rium-sa na déna duilghe be not harsh to me, BS 88 . mór d'eniuch dorigne much hospitality did he exercise, ZCP viii 272 . fer . . . na derna espa riam, YBL 164a5 . a fhir doghni an t'éad who art jealous, O'Gr. Cat. 604 . cid fáilte . . . dungneu `though it be joy I . . . make' (feel?), Ml. 92a17 . déni fatchius be on thy guard, TBC-LL¹ 1495 , cf. 1419 . ferg fri suide ní dernaim I cannot get angry with it, IT iii 47 . ni denad fearg fri nech, YBL 155b47 . nar cóir dó ferg do denamh re F., BCC § 160 . ni dū d'fir an fiabrais fearg do denam a fever patient should not get angry, 23 P 10, 153vb23 . a ben, ní dēn fingail fort, SR 1539 . go ndiongnadh fírinne might speak truth, Keat. ii 3667 . nach iad na mairtirigh amháin dorinde an foidhidi-so who displayed this patience, BCC § 7 . an tí doni foighinne 'n-a bochtaine who is patient in his poverty, Ériu v 130 . ná dern féin forcraid lest I be guilty of excess, SR 1583 . an gairdechus dorinne, Fier. 179 . denaidh gliccus deal cunningly, 189 . doní da gaib gus achieves valour with his spears, Imr. Brain ii 288 . dénatt idna let them practise purity, BColm. 98 . ni denta iongnadh dom faicsin-si andso let no one wonder, ZCP x 285 . doním iongantas I am surprised, Keat. iii 5485 . má día bfaghainn-se bás de, | dá fhios ní dingninn leisce, SG 64 . dogním less na n-anm[ann]a, SR 1196 . an té doní les a cheli, assé a les fene doni, BCC § 202 . cia . . . ná digni m'amles, SR 6146 . ni dhernus-sa th'aimhlessa I have done you no hurt, BS 146 . truid . . . .i. on luas doni from its speed, Corm. Y 1236 . doriṅgnis maith reme sut ┐ dogéna 'n-a diaid, TBC-LL¹ 5778 . níchon dergeni nach maith, TBC-I¹ 2067 . nā hindis fein maith da ndingne do not tell any of the good you do, ZCP vi 272 . co ná dernad orm mebal, SG 57 . doghníd méirdreachus, craos ┐ droichbhearta eile, Eochairsg. 10 . meisge do dhenamh, Luc. Fid. 118 . denaidh míne ris deal gently with him, RC xxix 122 . nert ni dernim strength I cannot exercise, xxv 24 . aindre áille uchtgheala, | ettorra doniodh a óighe he kept his virginity, ZCP i 64 . do neoch na dene olcc nach annrecht friu, Laws iv 176 . co brath nocha dingned olcc, Ériu v 26 . cach olc donithea fri hUltu, ZCP v 504 . ni fuil olc nar dernsamar riu, TBC-LL¹ 5697 . dogniat cach pecad, Wb. 30c14 . da mionca doghnídh duine peacadh marbhthach, Eochairsg. 12 . an tí nach denand peccadh, BCC § 182 . denam pennait buan, SR 1573 . atibset in linn . . . ┐ ni dernai pudar doib did them no harm, Hy. iv Pref. ( Thes. ii 323 ). mór an pudhar do ronsaidh, Leb. Gab.(i) 32 . dogné sáiri na sruithe, Ériu i 198 . dogniat subachas ┐ somenma, SG 346 . ma dogné tarba if you make use (of it), Ériu v 116 . na dena tnuth re duine envy not, 126 . doróine trocaire riu, Metr. Dinds. iii 386 . cad é an fáth as a ndéanfá-sa trom ar mhnaoi that you should be so hard on (another) woman, O'Gr. Cat. 620 . trom oirne níor déanta dhuibh, Ó Bruad. ii 134 . tuirsi oca cia donéo though I grieve thereat, Ériu vii 240 . cach úabar dogensat all the pride they have been guilty of, Ériu i 201 . int aenmacc ríg is mó dorinne d'uaisli ┐ d'agh ┐ d'orbert, ZCP viii 111 . uamun brátha . . . cia dogneimmis ba cooir 'twere right for us to be in fear of Doom, SR 8052 .

(iii) Esp. with a vn. or equivalent, as periphrasis for finite tense of vb. (see Celtica i 318 ): denaid anmain stay , KMMisc. 313 . doroine Rónan altugadh buidhe do Dia, BS 176 . intan ba hāin phuill dognitis, TBC-I¹ 496 . tugas fom bréithir . . . nach diongnainn ár that I would do no slaughter, ML 114 . is leis dorignead cet-ar ┐ cet-buain ar tus he was the first to plough and reap, Lec. 66b5 . an beannachadh dorigne Bóas ar a mheithil, Eochairsg. 41 (cf. do-beir bennachtain for . . .). an duine doni moran cainnti who talks much, Ériu v 130 . denam cennach let us make a bargain, BS 88 . co ndénsat cennach fris, FB § 77 . in codlud doniat na fir, Aen. 2069 . d'éis an chodalta-sa dorinnus, CF 98 . go ndéana mé suan beag codhlata till I take a nap, 144 Eg. in comerge dorigni in phéist, FB § 85 . dorinne coimerghi romuinn he rose up, Fianaig. 58 . ni deinim comnaidhe i n-áon áit I do not abide, BS 177 . go ndingnadh oirissemh ┐ comhnaighe issin gcathraigh, Fl. Earls 142 . doberim dom bréthir . . . nach dingnum comól that we shall never drink together, Fianaig. 78 . déna creidemh gan mhirún believe , Duan. F. i 74 . cumann cleithe nocha ndernus I have had no secret amour, Ériu i 20 . gé dognéi-si dioghal dhe, BS 150 . doní faisnéis, Triads 141 gl. (p. 39) . dogen fireolas duit I will guide thee, CF 26 . ná dén escar do not fall, O'Gr. Cat. 662 . dorinde doib faistine, BB 21a17 . in fégadh doróine Diarmaid darsan bhféice on D.'s looking across the ridge-pole, SG. 72 . do dheanamh foghlamtha to get training, RC xxix 110 . co nderna an ríghan a fáisidin till the queen make her confession, Imr. Brain i 65 . forcetol ba menciu dogníd Petar, FA 32 (LU). doronsat frithaire, Todd Nenn. 82 . doní Lassair araile gaitt irisech commits a certain pious theft, BColm. 84 . dognither guin galann d'Ailill a wound is inflicted on A., RC xxiv 186 . ní dergenaimse icc andso I cannot effect a cure, TBC-LL¹ 4387 . an tí nach deanann idhbuirt dona deibh, RC xxxiv 322 . dorinneadar imram they rowed, CF 32 . doronsad iomrámh, ML 44 . déna imthecht depart , SG 60 . déna ingeilt ois practise pasturage, KMMisc. 262 . an lucht doní ingreim don phobul who attack, RC xxxiv 308 . maoladh do dhenam to become bald, 3 C 19, 53 rb 1 . dodéna an mesrugud he will do judgement, ZCP viii 211 . cia dognéo móidim, Wb. 17c20 . isund dognither int ongath here the anointing is done, Thes. ii 251 . precept doroine S. abb Roma, FA 32 (Eg.). ronnaire .i. ronnad doni don biud, Corm. Y 1124 . slond gnimo dogni indidit the indicative conveys the signification of the action, Sg. 153a3 . dorinneadar sealbh dár mbuinne sriobhmall took possession of, 3 C 13, 897.13 . is me dorigni in seilgc séig who hunted the deer, SR 2869 . dorónsat selgad, SG 328 . doronsad sealga, RC xxiv 196 . ni derna riamh thochus he never scratched himself, Mart. Don. Oct. 21 . dénum ar sibal let us pursue our course, Hy Fiach. 218 . is écoir an smuaineagh (leg. -eadh) dorindius I was mistaken in my thought, Imr. Brain i 65 . doni se snam ar in olaid it floats on oil, 24 B 3, 94.24 . rón i. animal, on roṡnam doni, Corm. Y 1115 . tecmáil rim ge dorinde though he encountered me, Ériu iv 216 . dentar teichedh linn let us flee, BS 104 .

With obj. gen.: huare nach derni a adamrugad he cannot (express) admiration of him, Ml. 128c3 . dobretha M. filid ara chend, co nderntais a aerad ┐ a aithised that they might satirize and revile him, TBC-I¹ 2213 . ascnam ind ecna . . . dognitis, Alex. 807 , cf. Anecd. v i . is Patraic dorigne a mbaitsed P. baptized them, Hy. ii 16 Comm. ( Thes. ii 313 ). doníat a berbhudh ┐ a thomailt they cook and eat it, Marco P. 152 . doni bisec a dhorchadais increases , Ir. Astr. Tr. 90 . caemc[h]ód bachall dorónsatt they exchanged croziers, BColm. 84 . déni mo chobair, RC viii 152 . asbertatar fri Coinculaind dognithi (dognithe, LU) a chuitbed isin dunad that he was being mocked, TBC-I¹ 1639 . dermad na luirighi-sin dorondad, oir ni thuc leis o Ailich that corslet was forgotten, YBL 209a28 . dorag-sa co nderna-su mo dichendad, TBC-I¹ 1299 . dorigni in diliu a ndilgenn, SR 2724 . ní dénad écnach neich, Hy. v 5 Comm. ( Thes. ii 327 ). darónais a n-etargaire, LL 120b43 . dogéan-sa a ḟaillsiugad don rig I will reveal it, Todd Nenn. 96 . dena fothrucud, SR 1598 . ni dernai glanadh a gnúsi nó tonach a lāmh, CCath. 1170 . a gerrad dorindead a broind a mathar he was excised, Ériu ii 176 . trénfir dodigenat m'íarmoracht who will follow on my track, LU 10261 . dūs in foigebtais . . . nech doneth (sic leg.) a n-imditin anyone to protect them, SR 5564 . dena a impodh turn it, Moling 47 . doni mo ghnuis incosg mo chineoil my face proclaims my race, RC xxxiv 312 . mad indscuchud donead lucht na saith if . . . have gone away, Laws iv 174 Comm. dentar irgnam bid ┐ lenna, CRR 23 . dogentar liumm do leigheas, TE 10 (Eg.). dorinne a marcaighecht he rode it, Ériu v 190 . dognít a n-oegidecht la fer n-amra they stay with, LL 281a40 . atbertsat . . . na dingnetís a n-oirfited would not entertain them, PH 895 . doronad a n-orddugud, SR 82 . na léic uait in dana bocht | nó co nderna anocht a riar till thou have attended to his wants, SG 20 . dorinne M. ár seachna has abandoned us, ML 118 . rí dorigni scail int sluaig who scattered the host, SR 2769 . dén-sa do slondadh dhamh-sa tell your name, BS 102 . ronsnādat .i. donet ar sóerad, Hy. v 92 Comm. ( Thes. ii 348 ). dēca in ba teclaim na fertus dogena fá [a] n-imscothad whether you are to select the shafts or strip them, TBC-I¹ 782 . dena mo theagosc instruct me, ACL iii 241 . dena mo thinchosc, SR 1581 . dorigni tochmarc inna ecailse do Chríst he had wooed the Church, Tur. 48 . cibe uair dogentai tochmharc a hingine, Ériu iii 168 , cf. TE 9 (Eg.). dentar trial mo berthasa let an essay be made to tonsure me, Hy. ii Pref . ( Thes. ii 307 ). ní fail doruirme .i. doné a thurim, v 67 Comm. ( Thes. ii 344 ). Note also: do[g]ním-se . . . bheth ag denamh mo chloise (leg. chless?) ngoile, RC xxix 114 .

(iv) With nouns indicating sounds: crandord dogníd cacha nóna he used to bellow (of a bull), TBC-LL¹ 1538 . da nderna fogur . . . le n-a fiacla (of a sick person), 23 P 10, 3b42 . a dhoimh do[g]ni an fogharán that lowest, BS 80 . dorinneadar na cineadhacha fuaim, Psalms xlvi 6 . cad fá ndernais in gáire sin? why did you laugh? SG 239 . dorinne int aitheach geanus grainemhail gāire, Ériu v 180 . doronsat guba mor, Metr. Dinds. iii 483 . an úall-so doghniad na sluaig, Ériu i 103 .

(v) With bás or similar subst.: ni diṅgnea bás doibsiut acht intí dogéna bás dam-sa no man shall kill them unless he kills me first, TBC-LL¹ 432 . taiscter lib in cloidem so, | arm dá ndingantar ernmas, SG 252 . co rodergensat a aided killed him, RC xvi 156 ( Dinds. 144 ). co ndergenai a haided 'sin loch út she perished in that lake, SG ii 468 . déanam éag (= moriamur), TSh. 2371 .

(vi) With ceist discusses (an argument), pleads (a cause): ná derntar isin domnach ceist ná caingen, Ériu ii 200 . isi cet-ceist ┐ cet-imcomarc dorigm diabul isin domum, BB 16b45 . is ann doníatt gach ceistt cruaidh ┐ cach documal comairle, Maund. 21 .

With comairle takes counsel, holds a council: co ndernadh comairle ag maithib Dhál A. cia dorachadh, etc., BS 50 . g u ndernadh Aengus in ri | rena chairdib comhairli, BB 30b28 . ni mhaidh for Laigniu da ndearnat a comairle ann (sc. in a certain spot), RC xxiv 50 . Cf. (c) supra and II (d).

(vii) With cath or similar subst.: doronsad cath fearrdha they fought, ML 18 . ni digéon-sa comrac fris, TBC-I¹ 1647 ; 1304 , 2439 . coná dernum deibech, 2671 . dognítis forbais . . . ar oirrighaibh Erenn, SG 36 . nocho dentais gleic, LL 142b24 . dorinnetar gleó fíchda, Fianaig. 90 . dorinneadar an irghail co hingantach, CF 883 . dorín Brian . . . sluagh Mumhan made a hosting of Munster, O'Gr. Cat. 521 .

(viii) With subst. denoting agreement, compact, etc. (rather to be referred to this head than to II, such a subst. being regarded in Irish as a quasi-vn.): doronsat aentaig re Cruithnib, Todd Nenn. 42 . dogénsat bráthirse frisna túatha made an alliance with, ZCP viii 315 . dorondad brathairse iter firu Erind ┐ Alban, YBL 126b13 . dogeni cairdes fri suidiu, TBC-I¹ 2967 . rofrecart-sidhe . . . in dingne[d?] cairdes dosidhe would she grant him a truce, Anecd. ii 51 . dia ndernam caratrad, Imr. Brain i 43 . dogniat cōrai make peace, TBC-I¹ 1426 . denamm cotach is cardes, SR 1150 . na dénaid friu . . . cuibdi, cardes no clemnas, 4843 . doróine a chatach fria naomu Arann, SG 40 . digensat essomon, Anecd. iii 60 . dorigensatar síd, SR 5929 . mina dēnair sidh ris . . . dodhēn cogudh rit-sa, ZCP vi 49 . ní denta lá sída céin ba beo never a day's peace was made (with them), SG 49 . daróine ar síth . . . gan díth óige donn' inghin he wrought peace between us, ZCP viii 562 .

(ix) With nouns indicating respect, favour, etc.: dorinnidar gloire do Críst gave glory to, Lib. Flav. i 2ra2 . Ri dorigne . . . humalloit dia apstalaib, SR 7697 . fiadhaighis riasna clerchib ┐ dorona umhaloid doib, Hy Fiach. 38 . dorinne umhla dhó, Ériu i 93 . i n-ainm an aird mhic doghní grása, O'Gr. Cat. 545 . dorigne grása ar an duine uasal showed favour to, Eochairsg. 113 .

(x) With cáin, etc. = dobeir c. (for) levies: bid fáid . . . dingenai (dogenai, v.l.) soerc[h]ain for slabri, ZCP ix 453 . co nderna rí Locha L. cáin for cach tūeth, viii 316 . dorinneamarne seacht gcéad loiligheach ar mhuinntir F. we assessed . . . at seven hundred milch-cows, Maguires of F. § 78 .

(xi) Of a calling, art, etc., practises, plies, performs: ba hesnad ainm in chiuil dignitis na fianae, Corm. Y 562 . do[g]nídh Neiptis . . . cúiseach bind, Ériu iv 174 . is álaind, a macáin, in cluichi dogní, Ériu i 118 . oés dogní dán artists, Triads p. ix . dénaidh bhar nd(h)ána perform vour arts, Ériu iv 178 . dogénadsa elada, SG 274 . doronsat na hingena éladna inganta, PH 897 . etar fileda ┐ áis ndénma sairse artists, SG 212a11 .

(xii) holds, celebrates (a festival, etc.), observes, performs (a rite): feis Temrach gach tres bliadain . . . dognithi in tan sin go tenn | ag rígaib amra Eirenn, O'Gr. Cat. 578 . is leis dorónad feis Temrach ar tús, ZCP viii 325 . is amlaid dognithe in tarbfes, LU 3450 ( SCC § 23 ). oenach dogníthe la Ultu cacha bliadna, 3222 (§ 1). aenach Taillten do denom la rí[g] Erenn, RC xviii 275 . co ndernad mor-thinol clerech nEorpa co Torinis, Todd Nenn. 188 . dogníed mórdál Dromae Ceta la rígaib Éirenn, BColm. 54 . co ndéntais a n-airechta saidbre sédacha, Ériu iv 163 . mairg fearu Eirenn na denann feil Patraic, Lib. Flav. i 25rb38 . na hIudhail, as é lá doníd an féil, O'Gr. Cat. 309 . doní secht n-aifrinn ann, BColm. 82 . dogníat ord in domnaig etir salmu ┐ precept, Imr. Brain ii 285 . is cóir degurd do denam ann indiu to perform the proper service, Ériu i 44 . is lais dogníad urddu téchtai (of monks), 219 . acht co nderna se a trātha provided he observe the canonical hours, ACL iii 222 . is ann dogen mo trátha-sa, RC xiii 98 . antan dogni-som figild performs a vigil, Mon. Tall. 128 . ceni denae crosfigill, 138 . dogníd-som immon Michil lasin crosfigill he performs (recites) a hymn to Michael, 137 . l(o)nd sailm aurnaigi déulái . . . .i curp lai dusgnid-som the evening psalms of prayer he performs in the middle of the day, 129 . déna soiscél dúind read a gospel lesson to us, Imr. Brain 164 . as innte dorónsat an Chaissc celebrated Easter, AFM 1201 (iii 130) .

(xiii) Miscellaneous exx. in which there is either transference of obj. or extension of the meaning of the vb.: int shūil dogen-sa fris the look I will give him, TBC-I¹ 705 . dolotar na daimh fon dithreb . . . ┐ doronsat a[l]-lá ria n-aidhche did their day's ploughing, BNnÉ 39.13 . dorigset sét . . . do Ramissa journeyed , SR 3957 ; 4073 . donim slighi . . . ga n-iaraidh sin, Lib. Flav. i 21rb17 . fios na slighe[dh] dorinne Cúchullainn the road C. took, RC xxix 116 . do chaora dhuit . . . do[g]nim do bhreith breitheman I award thee thy sheep, ZCP xii 382 . doníd-sium a daithin gach n-oidci eats his fill, ZCP i 103 . cid indhí nad caodet (= chaithet) feoil dogres, dogniad pars isind Chaisc de feoil take a piece of meat, Mon. Tall. 132 . dochum na chuchdin dóib co ndenad cách díob and pars de feoil, ib. ní derna sé a shuipér farusan did not eat his supper with them, BNnÉ 114 . go ndernsat a medhon laoi took their midday meal, Fl. Earls 28 . doni na briathra-sa utters , Lec. 611a27 . doronsad . . . cainbriathra do righ Érenn, KMMisc. 313 . ised dorígne Alaxandir i n-a eipistil comdar casa . . . iat A. said in his letter that . . ., Alex. 719 . cid fogním cid fochésad dorróntar in hoc uerbo one can express oneself both in the active and the passive, Wb. 13d21 . an branar gan déanamh that the fallow-land was not upturned, PCT 1826 . mairg doghní branradh go bráth | is ann a dtráth gan chur shíl (`leaves land fallow'; upturns the fallow without sowing seed?), O'Gr. Cat. 614 . go bplannduighidh tú fíneamhain, ┐ nár dhearnaidh tú foghmhar uirre (= non vindemies eam, Deuteronomy xxviii 30 ), TSh. 9707 . in tan is ar logh dognithar dān doibh `when it is for a fee they are taught the art', Laws iv 236 . doróni Collanach légenn do Thaircell C. put T. to study, Moling 12 . dodhénuinn leighionn ┐ lánḟoghluim duit I would give thee learning and instruction, Ériu v 98 . an uair tainec am legind do denamh do Mhunda when the time came for M. to receive instruction. BCC § 161 . doníd áit leabhar dona tuat[h]adhaibh (images) take the place of books for the laity, Ó Héodhusa 143 . lochdach `maith' no `olc' a ttús chomhfhocuil; `deagh' ┐ `dagh' ┐ `droch' doní a n-ionadh, IGT Introd. § 97 . go ndearnadar bhur n-ionadhsa dhamh, 1 Corinth. xvi 17 . Note also: grian i n-Aquair . . . doróined im-mís Enair the sun has been placed (?) in Aquarius, SR 234 . ni den ciall uaim péin isin canóin `I will put no sense of my own into the canons', MS. Matthew 530 ( Lib. Flav. i 11va ).

(e) With vn. phrase, e.g. do-gní a láma do nige = do-gní n. a lám (the older construction, see (d) (iii) above): do chin huair nach atamar, | dogénat do clanna iar tain | dogres a cin d'imresain, SR 1407 . déntar leo . . . uan d'idpairt, 3899 . dorigni Iob . . . in slóg do rím J. numbered the host, 6817 . donidis a righ fein do marbad, KMMisc. 312 . go ndiongnadh críoch Laighean uile d'argain, Keat. ii 6341 . an altóir ar a ndeárnadh sé corp Chríost d'ofrálughadh, Eochairsg. 19 . in mac doróine d'idhpairt whom he offered up, RC xxxvii 348 . dá ndéanmaois ceart d'imirt oraibh, Maguires of F. § 61 . dorinne Flann aonach Tailltean do chommóradh, Keat. iii 3014 . an ndénta eich do reidhiughadh? would you break in horses? Ériu v 190 . dorine Carn Amhalgaidh do thochailt, Hy Fiach. 100 . nach ndéanair sinne bhéoghudh arís? wilt thou not revive us again? Psalms lxxxv 6 . a ferand lais in fer donither and do orgain the man who is trespassed upon, Laws iv 92 Comm. intan donither nōs nó dliged do nuaidiged, Marco P. 96 . dorónadh in lúithech catha sin do cumdach ac Brutus B. caused . . . to be constructed, CCath. 1809 . dorighneadh leo raona leathna do reidhiughadh they cleared broad passages, ML 130 . in ferann ima ndernad mac rig do marbad, RC xxvi 134 .

(f) With substantival clauses as obj.: dorigne Dia corbo mag mínscothach in móin, Hy. v 15 Comm. ( Thes. ii 329 ). dorigni Moisi. . . dia fleisc co mba glé-nathir turned his rod into a bright snake, SR 3853 (cf. II (g) below).

II Makes .

(a) creates, forms, constructs: doriṅgne Dia nem ┐ talmain, LL 1 . do thalmain do-t-riṅgned (said to Adam), 22 . in saer-denmaid domrigni, SR 2060 . si[u] dognetis aingil uais before the angels were created, 7853 . toingim don Righ domroighne, ZCP viii 221 . is and doronta in[n]a dúili, Ériu iii 116 . fria muindtir dorrigena the household He has made (i.e. the angels), Ériu ii 140 . oroit ar Thurcain lasa ndernad in [c]hrossa, Thes. ii 289 . digéni Cummen cétaig `made a mantle', 239.20 (Ardm.). is leis ar thus doronait failge óir, Rawl. 147a27 . dogní claideb craind, TBC-I¹ 940 . dogníat druidi ind rig . . . nathracha, SR 3849 . doroindi side armu doib, RC xxiv 196 . co ndernsat na héoin a n-nitu, Hy. v 19 Comm. ( Thes. ii 331 ). is e mod frisa mbitis cumala riasiu dorontais muilind before mills were made, Corm. Y 324 . fer dénma bairgine a baker, Sg. 184b3 . gu ndérna longphort ic druim nG., O'Gr. Cat. 5 . Breoghain . . . leis dorondadh Brigandsia Brigantia was founded (built), BB 21a40 . dogensad botha and, TBC-I¹ 903 . dena tegdais don Chomdid, SR 6880 . co nderndtais dóib eclais nglain, 4187 . dognithit eclais don clerech, LB 260a59 . oroit do Ultan . . . dorigni in caissel, Thes. ii 289 . caislen Cenanduis do denom la Gallaib, RC xviii 301 . drochet .i. drochsét .i. ara olcas int seta darsin-dentur across which it is built, Hy. vi 4 Comm. ( Thes. ii 350 ). doringset leasa (liassu, LU) fora loegaib, TBC-I¹ 908 . dognisedar liasa fa n-innilibh, ZCP viii 544 . is leis doronad clad Saxan, Todd Nenn. 62 . doronta a n-airlisi ┐ a rrigdúine ann, Corm. Y 883 . The name of the material, etc., of which something is made is introduced by DE: dorigne smirchomairt di chnamaib, TBC-I¹ 2869 . dia nderna don chriaid cheir when he made a plaster of the clay, SR 7683 . is di lus bīs forsnaib caircib dognither in chorcur buide, Tur. 115 ( Thes. ii 492 ). cid delg ni der[n]tar de not even a skewer can be made of it (wood), Trip.² 2284 . co ndernait limsa de secht ndabcha I made seven vats with it, Ériu iv 134 .

Under this head may be classed further: ní dene tenid ratha do not make a fire of fern, Ériu i 194 . co ndernai tenid dam, TBC-I¹ 461 . fobith doṅgníat cercol ocond ocbáil they make (i.e. describe) a circle, BCr. 18d2 ( Thes. ii 13 ).

(b) forms (by aggregation of units), constitutes, makes up: dorigne T. cath dia mhuintir formed his men into a battalion, SG 321 . doronsatar aen-cath dib, MR 142 . Mod. often with súas: déanamh nuimhre suas, Content. v 124 . a mesg . . . na leabhar . . . da ndearnadair suas a mbiobla of which they made up their Bible, Luc. Fid. 282 .

(c) prepares, gets ready: dorondad imda Domnaill for lár in righthaigi, Ériu v 232 . iomdha Ghiolla Íosa do dhéanam in-aon seomra ris féin, Maguires of F. 28 . gidh maith gach leaba . . . dorighnes seachnóin Eirenn each spot I have slept in, BS 154 . co ndernsat (argniat, v.l.) a muinter biadh doib, RC vi 174 . dentar praind ┐ tomaltus (a command), CRR 23 . tomaltas bídh ┐ leanna do dhénum do na cléirchib, SG 68 . denam seillne ind domnuch ni cóir laisim acht a ndenam riam he does not think it right to prepare an extra course on Sunday, Mon. Tall. 145 . fer dogní fleid, fer dia ndéntar he who gives a feast and he to whom it is given, Triads 94 . co ndernad fled do Brenaind, Hy. v 33 Comm. ( Thes. ii 335 ). doroindeadh coibflead mor do la ri dia thuathaib, YBL 138a8 .

(d) Of mental or abstract construction, makes, devises, frames: a ndliged dogniat gréic the law which the Greeks make, Sg. 40a7 . is i comairli dorigni Ioib, a mac . . . do chur a n-ifren the plan (resolution) Jove formed, TTebe 580 . conid hí comairli doroindi, tiachtain, etc., ZCP viii 276 . is olc . . . in comairli doníthi .i. ar marbad-ni, Ériu v 152 . dorinde an manuch drochcomairli an uair sin, BCC § 248 . Cf. exx. under I (c), (d) (vi) above.

(e) Of literary composition: Fland fer légind . . . issé dos-róna (author names himself in final stanza of poem), LL 184b19 ( Arch. Hib. ii 74 ). isind áer dorighne Nede mac A. do rig Connacht, Corm. Y 698 . dorónus doibh dua[i]n mbinn mbairdne, ACL iii 296 . dena dam doibh focra lethamnas, 295 . Fiacc Sleibte dorónai in n-imun-sa do Patraic, Hy. ii Pref . ( Thes. ii 307 ). dorigniset lāid, TBC-I¹ 2249 , cf. 2615 , etc. Níníne écess doríne in n-orthainn-see, Hy. iii Pref . ( Thes. ii 322 ). psaltar na rann . . . dorigni Oengus, SR title . is and doringni Conchobar in rethoric-se, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10 . dodhendais draidi tinchealda druad na n-agaid, BB 40a45 .

(f) Of linguistic or grammatical formation: ní Antoniolus dogní gl. Antonius, quod Antoniaster facit diminutivum, Sg. 49a5 . ní contulitus dogni gl. contulatus, 74a3 ; cf. 46a7 . 93b7 , 104b6 , 105b3 , etc. a nomine Aiax . . . co ndeni Aiacides, PCr. 15a1 ( Thes. ii 225 ). ní in -um dogní a neutur it does not form its neuter in -um, Sg. 206a3 , cf. 46b10 . is cumtubairt ced dogní a ngenitiu what their genitive makes (i.e. how . . . is formed), 99a2 .

(g) dogní x de y makes x of y = turns y into x: do gach bíud maith doni neim | a c[h]ur isin cli caithmig, ACL iii 238 . cindus fer dia ndenid-si deu? of what kind of men do you make gods? Wb. 8c11 . airchinnig . . . dogniat dona indmasaib selba sainrudcha who convert treasures into personal property, FA 25 (LU). trí sóir dogníat dóeru díb féin, Triads 167 . bid demon dogénai bec do mór, dogéna mór do biuc, ZCP ix 451 . din chloich dorigne saland, Hy. v 40 ( Thes. ii 338 ) (perh. the stone became salt, see (h) below). amal dorigne Dia dil | do fleiscc Moysi derbhnat[h]raigh, RC xxxvii 346 . doroighne dairmes do dhoire `caused mast to grow in the oakwood', KMMisc. 168 . dochotar triat chridi . . . co ndernsat crois de indut, TBC-I¹ 2811 . dogníter anmann dilsi díib amal doṅgnither dindhí as Romanus they become (are used as) proper names (`proper names are formed from them'), Sg. 35b13 . cach fear . . . da ndentair fochlac who is made a fochlac , Lec. 126b40 . dorighnedh uisce searbh da lionn, SG 28 . dorinneadh Pápa do Anastasius, Keat. iii 739 . dorigned duini dit thou becamest a mortal, ACL iii 242 . braighde Eirenn . . . secht rígh acht co ndernta de that they might become seven kings, ZCP viii 108 . Seldom with adj. (in subst. use?): mairg doni lán don lestar who fills the vessel, ACL iii 240 . dogéna sin fáilid díot-sa, SG 403 . With AS: as in Magnus dogníthær a ndede-sin .i. diles ┐ doacaldmach `Magnus' is used both as a proper name and appellative, Sg. 29a11 . With extension of meaning: gadaigi dogni dimsa you make me out a thief, Ériu v 234 .

(h) In Mid.Ir. the vb. in the preceding construction comes to be used impersonally: dogní x de y = y is turned into, becomes x . Possible exx. from the O.Ir. glosses are: amal nád ṅdéni neutur dindí as tiberis cia doberthar flumen fris as t. does not become a neuter even though f. be put beside it (?), Sg. 63a17 (`it does not make a neuter of T. that f. is put with it', Thes.). is bésad na mmuimme dogní deidbleán di oc munud á dalti, Wb. 24d11 (`it is the custom of the nurse to make a weakling of herself', Thes. For the construction in general cf. Wb. 4d15 ). brister na rama ┐ doni gadrach dia longaib, Aen. 243 . do oluind cillches dia ndene pell of which a blanket is made, Corm. Y 239 (= dia ndénat, LB). atá do mét a seca . . . co ndéin cristal da huisci its water turns to crystal, Maund. 137 . da curthaidi sliabh teinedh ann, doghénad oigre ┐ snechta de (= in glaciem verteretur), RC xxviii 320 . dorigni troich ṅdorchaid dé | co torchair i cath Giluáe, SR 6397 . doreprendset cóic bainne a méraib Pátraic ┐ dorónai cóic oíbli dib, Trip.² 121 . is dona deoraib romuidsedar uaithi dorindi in loch, RC xvi 146 . dorigne tir tairngire d'Erinn a n-a ré Ireland became the Land of Promise, CF p. 73 , cf. SG 90 . cor rothuit in ballán . . . co nderna brioscbhruar de, SG 403 . dochim . . . go nderna balbhan dibh that you have become mute, Luc. Fid. 284 . Éireannaigh díbh go ndearna so that they became Irishmen, Ériu v 62 . Muire don deilbh ar ndéanamh when the statue had turned into Mary, A. Ó Dálaigh l 28 . With adj. (in subst. use?): co nderna uathbásach n-ilrechtach n-ingantach de, TBC-I¹ 1928 (LU). doní degbhlasda deghbhalaidh dhibh, 23 K 42, 416.4 .

(i) dogní x i n- y = makes (changes) x into y (less common than the two preceding constructions): ní .o. in .i. dogní son it (`caro') does not change o into i (in obl. cases), Sg. 93b3 . dorignedh in duine i n-anmain na beoaigheadh (= factus est homo in animam viventem, a lit. transl. of Gen. ii 7 ), BB 16a15 . roloisc Roimh . . . is dorigne i lechtu converted it into a graveyard, Lec. 47a1 . an t-uisge do bhí déunta 'n-a fhíon, John ii 9 . an lá sin dorinneadh Ioruaith ┐ Píoláid 'n-a gcáirdibh dha chéile Herod and Pilate became friends, Luke xxiii 12 . an lucht doní | leithrígh orra 'n-a thréinrí[gh] who make out a half-king to be a perfect king, Content. xiv 46 .

(j) do-gní mór (bec, etc.) de makes much (etc.) of, accounts as: . . . ni denaim-sea baa desin I set little weight on that, TBC-I¹ 361 . ní dénaim deccair do ní | acht rodeónaig int airdri I count nothing too hard, Metr. Dinds. iii 386 . mogenair duine doni don tṡaegul uile neimní who holds the world as naught, ACL iii 221 . ní denam robríg de, TBC-LL¹ 859 = TBC-I¹ 361 . mór do-ghníd daoine dhíob féin, O'Gr. Cat. 555 . co tucat Laigin d'éislis sinn ┐ co ná dernat ní dinn, SG 410 . With AS: 'gan druing as a ndéine a lán the race of which you make such a lot, Content. v 67 .

(k) With adj. or equivalent as complement of pred., makes, renders (= Lat. reddit): do-m-ní driamail makes me melancholy, LL 146b49 ( PRIA xix 544 ). cid do-t-gni torsech?, TE 12 (LU). as é ni doni an t-aer cruinn, Ir. Astr. Tr. 18 . do-m-rigne losc lén sorrow has made me blind, LL 147a30 ( PRIA xix 548 ). gé go ndearnais geal é andé, | atá ina ghual féin aniugh though yesterday you made it white, O'Gr. Cat. 607 . dorinne sé ullamh é, Psalms vii 12 . ní dhernsam . . . dorcha lé dealradh briathar . . . briathra dealraighthe an Duilimh I have never obscured, Ó Héodhusa 4 . dorinneadar nocht mé, TSh. 9217 . nír chian go ndernadh an rig balb became dumb, SG 12 . With extension of meaning: méid na maslughadh dobheirid do Dhia an mhéid go ndéanuid breugach é make him out a liar, Eochairsg. 11 . With adverbial complement: nirbu cognomen acht darigni amin he made it one, Sg. 31b22 . co n-acca in tromchiaich . . . co nderna na tulcha amail insi il-lochaib, TBC-I¹ 3111 . is i so doni na plained co soimpaidtec makes the planets inclined to revolve, Ir. Astr. Tr. 120 . doní sé na dáine go conáigh makes prosperous, O'Gr. Cat. 259 .

(l) appoints, ordains, arranges: dorindi [Erimón] coicedaich ar Erind made provincial kings, Todd Nenn. lxv . a mbadar Laigin . . . oc denam rig a Temraig, Lec. 217a28 . doronsat inad coinne re chéile fixed a meeting-place, SG 11 . ar ndéunamh láe ris dóibh, tangadar mórán chuige when they had appointed him a day, Acts xxviii 23 .

(m) do-gní (claind) begets (FRI on): dona tri ballaib [f]uil acut da ndene cloind, Lec. 612a36 . Fachtna a athair ┐ is e dorigne Conchobur dar cenn Cathbaid, RC vi 178 . is iad dorigni Lugaid-tri-riab-nderg rena ṡiair, Ériu ii 174 . doroigne Mairt inn ingin Ermione re Uenir, TTebe 762 . is é dorinne an toirrches úd ría, Ériu v 164 . is e doroine in toirrcis sin fria, RC vi 175 . co ndernae da mac friu (of Lot), Rawl. 72a24 . fo clith doronad la Mac N. iat fri Fuinche, Fianaig. 4 . corob tre meirdreochas dorigned thusu, YBL 142a29 . hinn aidchi sin . . . dorigned rí na n-ech n-ard, ZCP viii 270 ( Rawl. 87b41 ). do nuimir clainni Dauida ┐ do hurd a ndenma the order of their begetting, Rawl. 73b7 . Rarely in meaning conceives: ingen dodngéna (sic leg.) fria hathair, ZCP viii 196 . ni hi cland na coluime, | cland fa deōid do dénam di | ar fēgad inn eoin eli, ACL iii 238 . Hence more widely breeds, increases (trans.): do greghoip . . . dogni eachraidh mór dona Rōmānchaibh, Fl. Earls 182 . fēr dogēna sil ┐ crann . . . dodēna torad (= herbam facientem semen et lignum faciens fructum, Gen. i 11 ). Lec. 528a27 . fuaratar cráin ┐ dā bhanbh dēcc . . . ionnus go ndernatar go lór do mhucaibh dīb bred, raised (?), BNnÉ 119 .

(n) produces, brings forth: déra dogníaad-san go dímór they shed abundant tears, ZCP viii 216 . cíamtis déra fola dognetís, FA 34 . roimhe nocha dherna neach | leth a nderna do dhéraibh, ZCP i 64 , cf. Mart. Don. May 14 . gibe doní fuil re n-a fual (= quicumque sanguinem mingunt). 23 K 42, 62.8 . doni an mac tire guth cíochanach, 3 C 22, 24a1 . guth fiaich leo ┐ as a n-adarcaib dognidis, Corm. Y 731 . Of natural phenomena: ceatha troma | doníd tonna thulcha Lēis the showers which the waves of the hill of L. make (?), CF 1024 (cf. 1004 ). nuchu dearna Dia fearthain for talmain (= pluerat, Gen. ii 5 ), BB 16a10 . ní dhearnadh fearthuin . . . feadh thrí mbliadhan it rained not, James v 17 . (fuinneóc) dusgni soillsi d'uile altoirip gives light to, Fl. Earls 250 .

(o) causes, gives rise to: mor doni domenma dhamh | an dogra roghabh an gheis causes me great sorrow, CF 1029 . idu ab idor (= ὕδωρ) .i. on fliuchaidecht doni a ngalar sin (of dropsy), Corm. Y 770 . doní mo deora duba | cruma ar tí m'feola (the thought) that worms shall eat my flesh begets my tears, ACL iii 216 . doní anāl maith ag neach (of a medicament), 23 K 42, 444.9 . asé in fín . . . is luaithi doni mesce causes intoxication, O'Gr. Cat. 216 . ní denann tart does not provoke thirst, 194 . acht go ndenuid tromdhacht isin cheann, 23 K 42, 72.13 . gach duine atchíodh iad, doníodh galar dhóibh it would make them ill, Keat. iii 3403 . dia ndeine galar gabail ara fual, Mon. Tall. 147 . dogénad galar duit sirligi lying abed would make thee ill, LU 3590 ( SCC § 30 ). dodhéan-sa míodhuaill ar sin I shall cause horror thereat, Ériu i 18 . gach easlainte donithear o lionadh caused by repletion, 23 K 42, 17.14 . neasgóit doníter o adhbur neimneach, 23 P 10, 4a31 . isé ní o ndentur an crith sin ┐ in spasmus , 4a15 . adeir G. co ndenter stranguiria o moran do modhaibh, 30b36 . Cf. do-gní domenma is dejected , do-gní mesce becomes intoxicated , II (d) above.

(p) wins, gains, obtains: doronsat Gaedil . . . bruid ┐ creith took captives and spoils, Todd Nenn. 172 . a ccreacha ┐ a n-edála arna ndénamh ┐ arna ccruinniughadh, Ériu v 76 . doni sin ríghe da réim secures the sovereignty for his line, Rel. Celt. ii 230 . gurbh' usa dhóibh cíos do dhíol ┐ do dhéanamh to `raise' the rent, PCT 1757 . mithigh duid dénamh carad time for thee to make a friend, IGT Decl. ex. 414 . Cf. further: dénasa in dara leth don Mide co mbad tairise . . . duit i (`so handle the one half of Meath'?), SG 403 .

(q) In sense of imm-déni proves, demonstrates: cid dogní latsu . . . conid breg he?, IT iii 201.9 . dogniat fiadhuin co follus cunud . . ., Laws ii 62.8 Comm. imdenat . . . .i. doniat, 326.23 Comm. ge daniter ar naill though they are proved by oath, iv 288.9 Comm. co nderntá enech na Troianda, TTr.² 1236 . do ní nonmar la heisinnraic a fuil for innraic, O'Curry 307 ( H 3.18 169 ).

III As intrans. vb.

(a) Used as extension of I (a) does, acts: déna amal as adlaic let, FB § 62 . amail rocinnsemh . . . is amlaid dognem, RC xiii 29 . ronertais dam-sa co ndernain hi cutrummus frim cheliu thou hast encouraged me to do like my fellows, PCr. 2a2 ( Thes. ii 225 ). meni dérntais dar fócra lest they should act against (beyond) the decree, Ériu iv 94 . dodhéanmaoid-ne uime sin amhail doghníomaoid re gach docamhail oile, MR 62 . doronsat fon n-indus[s]in, Todd Nenn. 96 . dogniset amhail conaitecht Ó Domhnaill, Hugh Roe 102 .

(b) With AR (later also FOR) obeys, acts according to the wish or advice of. Orig. trans. as in first two exx.: as dénti ní airriu they are to be obeyed, Wb. 15a23 (see Thes. p. 51 ). dogéntar airiut, BDD² 215 . dia n[d]ernta-su form-sa if thou wouldst take my advice, TBC-LL¹ 1802 . da ndeirnta orm-sa, Cog. 200 . da ndearndais orm allmaraig, do fuicfidís do in conair, MR 174 . ní derna an rechtaire fair, BColm. 58 . dlomaid dóib asind ferunn ┐ ni densat fair, SG 234 . ma dogneithi eram-sa, Anecd. ii 53 . ni dingentar fort-sa, 50 . creud ma ndubhairt linn deunamh uirre to obey her (the Church), Luc. Fid. 365 .

(c) With LE (RÉ) deals with, acts towards (mod.): déan réd' shearbhfóghantuigh do réir thrócaire, Psalms cxix 124 . dorinne tú go maith léd' shearbhfóghantuigh, 65 . deun go mín leis an mbocht, GJ v 85 .

(c 1) With TAR does without, neglects : do-ghéanadh cách tar an gcois 'men would overlook the foot' Éigse xxxvii 98 § 5 . móide as deacair déanamh thort, DDána 99 § 17 . deacroide dhúinn déanamh thairis, O'Hara 2863 . mithidh dhúinn gan déanamh thort, Aithd. D. 153 § 7 . ní héidir dhúinn déanamh thort, 292 § 18 . aithne an neith tar nach éidir leis dénamh do shíor, IGT Introd. § 3 . déanamh thort ní tualaing sinn, Dán Dé 32 § 8 .

(d) Folld. by prep. or adv. denoting motion, makes for, goes (orig. with ellipse of vn. expressing motion, see O'Rahilly, Celtica 1 318 ff . ): dogeni L. for a āth came on to his ford, TBC-I¹ 836 (dagéini .i. tic, LU). Common in later Mid.Ir. and mod. lang.: tréig do thalamh duthchais, déin ar choiste Lundain, O'Rah. xxiv 26 . dénam dár ttoich, Ériu iv 54 . denum d'innsaighi Serluis let us go to meet, Fier. 117 . denum isteach da fēgain, Lib. Flav. ii 6ra35 . déanam thairis don taobh budh thuaidh let us cross, ML 72 . déanam súas go slíabh an Tighearna, Isaiah ii 3 . déunuigh romhaibh ar an ndubhaigéun, Luke v 4 . dogene atúaid came from the north, RC xiii 221 (B. na f.). go ndearnadar go réimdhíreach gus an bhfásach, Keat. iii 1013 . dorónsad na cathmhílidh a gcoinne ┐ a gcomhdháil a chéile, PCT 551 . léicit amach sa ffairrge iat do denomh ar in Spainn gach ndīrech, Fl. Earls 10 .

(e) Various uses with prepp.: congaib-side a chrícha cen choscru, cen chernu; ní déni di neoch, ní déni nech de he takes from none, ZCP xi 86 . secnadh gach uili fin . . . ┐ denadh re huisci meala let him be satisfied with, 3 C 19, 94 ra 4 . aithne an neith tar nach éidir leis dénamh which cannot be done without, IGT Introd. § 3 . gan bheithe bogtha do rádha innti tar nach éidir dénamh san ogham, § 1 .

fili

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fili or dil.ie/22070
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: fili, filid, filid, filed, filid, ḟilid, fileda, filed, file, fileadha, filidh, filed, fili, fili

n t, m. n s. fili, Wb. 31b19 . Sg. 29a3 . LU 10942 , etc. a s. filid, 10944 . d s. filid, Sg. 140a1 . g s. filed, 71b16 . n p. filid 63a14 . ind ḟilid , 162a3 . Ml. 26b10 . a p. fileda, Sg. 63b4 . 212a11 . g p. filed, Rawl. 124a46 . n s. file, LU 10941 . Rawl. 156b5 . IGT, Decl. § 21 . n p. fileadha ( Keat. iii 1239 , etc.) is proscribed as incorrect, IGT Decl. § 21. ex. 784 .

Orig. seer, diviner (cognate with Welsh gwelet, see Thurn. Heldensage, 66 ), and in earlier documents generally implies occult powers or knowledge : fili gl. propheta, , Wb. 31 b 19 . imbass forosnae .i. dofuarascaib sechip ret bas maith lasin filid ┐ bes adlaic dó d'foillsiugad, Corm. Y 756 . is a Senc[h]as Mar ro airled comdire do rig ┐ epscop ┐ aige rechta litre ┐ sua[i]d filed for-can di cendaib, Laws i 40.16 ( ZCP xvi 175 ), with gl. : .i. in sui file[d] ... da faillsigend imad a sofesa ... co ndenand rand can smuainedh .i. cen imradud, Laws i 42x Comm. firt filed (a miracle wrought by a poet) AU 1024 . See also ZCP xix 163 , IT iii 96 § 155 , Imr. Brain i 46 , Corm. s.v. Mug eme , Coire Brecain ; RC xxvi 8 . For `fili' and `drui' as interchangeable terms see Plummer V. SS. Hib. i clxi , clxii . Poet (historian, panegyrist, satirist), man of learning (the `fili' in early times was not always sharply distinguished from the `breithem' and `senchaid,' and seems originally to have united all three functions : ni dhligh cúairt no cennaighect | ar ni fili fíreólach | hi feidm eoluis ilcrothaigh | manip co fēigh fessara | cīsa tenna is tuarustla | ... ; ni dlig cuairt ... | file nach dron dechraighfes | sochur dochur dílmaine | drēcht cech tīre thic, ZCP iv 237 . Leb. Cert. 236 . on uair dona ronuc Aimirgin Glungel cetbreth i nEre robu la filedhu a n-oenur breithemnus, cusin Imacallaim in da Tuar i nEmain Mache .i. Ferceirtne file ┐ Nede mac Adna ... Ba dorcha didiu in labrad ro labairset na filid [sic leg.] isin fuigell sin ┐ nirbu reill donaib flaithib in brethemnus ronucsat ... Do allad didiu brethemnus [sic leg.] ar filedhaib iar sin, acht a nduthaigh de, ┐ ro gab cach d'feraib Eirenn a drecht don breithemnus, Laws i 18 Comm. Cf. dichetal filed, one of the things by which law is preserved in tradition, ZCP xvi 175 = Laws i 30 . canaid in breithem fassach firaicnid ┐ roscadh filed, da cois ina brethe in sin, Corm. Y 1224 . See also the tract on The Privileges ... of poets, ed. E. J. Gwynn, Ériu xiii p. 2 ff .) : amal as ho molad ┐ adamrugud in choimded intinscana in salm sa [isamlaid] forcentar dano amal dundgniat ind filid linni cid in sin, Ml. 26b10 . filidh (gl. poeta), Ir. Gl. 1 . Of Latin poets Sg. 63a14 . fili .i. fī a n-aoras ┐ lī a mmolas ┐ brecht a fuacras in file, Corm. Y 600 . f.¤ ... .i. seircid foglamo. nó ... fī fora aeir ┐ lī fora molad, O'Mulc. 537 . duarfine ... ainm d'filethaib .i. fine duar .i. fine foccul, Corm. Y 445 . rosiachtus glún Amargin filed coro molaim ríg as cach feib i mbi, LU 10298 . rātha eturru secht ṅdruid, secht filid, secht n-ócthigirn. na secht ṅdruid dia rímsad tría brichtu, na secht filid dia ṅglámad ┐ dia n-erḟuacra (`the seven druids to bewitch (?) them by means of spells; the seven poets to satirise them and denounce them') Dinds. 161 . nemed .i. fili ... ar is a fidnemedaib fognitis filid a ngressa, O'Mulc. 830 . nem-uath fri filedaib iarsinni aerait nech co n-epil de, 830 f . asbert in fili nodnaírfed ... ┐ no áerfad a athair ┐ a máthair ┐ a senathair ┐ docechnad fora n-usciu conná gébtha iasc ina inberaib, LU 10946 ( Imr. Brain i 46 ). Applied to Virgil , Sg. 29a3 ; Epimenides Wb. 31b19 . ar ba faith, ar ba file (of David), Hib. Min. 5. 157 . ro can in filid ┐ in faith .i. Bec mac Dé, Cog. 10.22 . Find fili, mac Rosa, LL 311b53 . c56 . Rawl. 118b30 . gen. Find filed m. Rossa, 117e28 . Faifne file, LL 160b11 . Ferchertne file, Rawl. 156b4 . ZCP viii 326.1 . The `filid' was commonly attached to the house-hold of a chief. The calling was hereditary and the office of `fili' to the head of the clan was, in later times at any rate, often the prerogative of a particular family : fili Conchobair in tAed, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 22 . Fergus Fínbel, file Find, Dinds. 52 . Fergus Fínbél, fili na Féinde, Acall. 3017 . file Chon Raoi, Feircheirtne a ainm, Keat. ii 3524 . clann Fhir bhisigh .i. fileadha Ua nAmhalghaidh ┐ Cloinne Fiachrach, Hy Fiach. 10 . adubhairt ris file do bheith 'na ardollamh aige féin ar aithris na ríogh roimhe, Keat. iii 1465 .

duais ḟiled is ruidles .i. a ndoberr [sic leg.] i logh natha acht rop iar firinde ┐ choir mbeith in nath the poet's fee is absolutely conveyed, that is, what is paid for a poem, provided the poem be truthful and correct ZCP xiii 20.19 ( Bürgschaft 7 ). coic gne in berla tobaidi .i. berla fene ┐ fasaige na filed ┐ berla etarsgarta ┐ berla forttide [fortcide v.l.] na filed triasa n-agaillit cach dib a chele, Auraic. 1303 . berla na filed, part of the sixth year's course of the student-`fili' IT iii 38 .

From early times the `filid' formed an important and highly organized corporation classed among the `saer-nemed' (privileged classes) : tri nemid uaisli ... .i. espoc ┐ flaith ┐ file, O'D. 1631 (< H 5.15, 16b ). it e saernemead filead and .i. ecalsi, flatha, filidh (.i. graid filedh), feine, Laws v 14.10 . There were seven grades of fili, of which the highest was the ollam filed : in t-ollam filedh iarna uirdned ag rig tuath the fully qualified poet when appointed by the king of territories Laws i 42z Comm. ollamh fileadh ` master poet ' Studies 1919, 74 . Cf. O'D. 1214 ff ( H 2.15A, p. 84 ). in t-ollam sair ... adeitig lasin ugdar ni bud mo do na cutruma risin ollamain filed, no risin ollamain mberla no risin fear legind, Laws v 92x Comm. secht ngrad filed : ollam, ansrut[h], cli, canae, dos, mac fuirmid, focluc, O'Mulc. 537 . IT iii 96 § 155 . RC xii 119 . See also Laws iv 358 - 60 . v 26 ; 56 ff . is a ndanaibh defrighet ┐ dearscaighit gach grad filedh o raile i sos ┐ i segda ┐ i n-aircedal BB 296b29 ( IT iii 6 n .). sé dá rádh go riacht tusa | ... seacht ngradh na bfilidh ar fad ..., Gofraidh Mac an Bhaird, 23 L 17, 148b . The fili was at all periods distinguished from the bard (q.v.), whose qualifications and status were inferior (in: a bhfilidh, dá ngairid báird, Keat. i 70 , he is rendering Camden : poetas, quos bardos vocant) : cescc cidh dlighedh i ffil an bhairdne lasna filedhoibh ... ? amhail roghabh rithim arradh Mettuir, as amhlaidh ataid na báird cona mbairdne arradh na ffiledh, Ériu xiii 42.4 . dichlannaigfiter filid cona biat filid etir acht baird tantum , Rawl. 111b14 ( RC xxvi 44 - 5 ). is aire tra na dlegait baird acht letheneclann na filedh uair na frithgh[n]at, uair ni [di]reanar a ngradhaibh filedh neach na frit[h]gnat no o nach frit[h]ghainter the reason bards are entitled to only half the honor-price of poets is that they do not serve [ = practise their art], for `dire '-fine is not paid for any in the grades of a poet who do not serve or are not served BB 296b33 . Amal forber cach gradh filed seach araile im mod soís in oircidail toimside, forber ... cach gradh dibsom [viz. the bards] seach aroile IT iii 24 . fogluim na .uii. mad bliadna .i. brosnacha suad .i. bairdne na mbard ┐ dlegair dond ḟilid a ḟis, ar is he accept na sechtmad bliadna don ḟilid, 39 . ni dír báird acht dír fileadh | fis cach righ is a dhlighedh, Leb. Cert. 182 . The fili in his twelve-year course of study ( IT iii 31 ff .) had to master the various metrical tracts and oghams, memorize a mass of verse and prose tales, and learn certain methods of incantation : is hi ... foglaim na hochtmaide bliadna .i. fiscomarca filed .i. duili berla ┐ clethchor choem ┐ reicne roscadach ┐ laíde .i. tenm laída ┐ immas forosnai ( ZCP xix 163 ) ┐ dichetal do chennaib na tuaithe ┐ dín[n]ṡenchus ┐ primscéla Hérend olchena fria n-aisneis do ríghaib ┐ flaithib ┐ dagdhoínib. Ar ni comlán in fili chena, sicut dixit poeta : ni ba dúnad cen rígu. niba fili cen scéla, IT iii 49 - 50 . in-feded in fili scél cacha aidche do Mongán, LU 10942 .

Sometimes in sense a learned man, one skilled in literary composition in Irish, dist. from the Latin author on one hand and the unlearned Irishman on the other : a ngrad con-deilg lasin Laitneoir is eatargoiri a n-ainm lasin filid `the comparative degree of the Latinist (writer of Latin) is named inflection by the [Irish] poet' Auraic. 640 . possit ┐ comparait ┐ superlait lasin Laitneoir .i. fothugudh ┐ forran ┐ formoladh lasin filid : maith ┐ fearr ┐ fearrson lasin nGaedeal, 645 . maith, etc. (.i. lasin nGaedel coitchend a n-ecmais in filed, fothugad immorro lasidhe) 657 . ocht ndeich tra atrimet filidh na Goídilce the Gaelic poets reckon eight (metrical) feet Corm. Y 447 .

1 íarraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 íarraid or dil.ie/27061

Forms: íarraidh, iarrad, n-iarraid, iarrta, íarrata, íaruta, híarrata, íarradha, iarraidh, ierradh, iarraigh, iarra, iarraighe

n i, f. Used as vn. of 2 íarraid. n s. íarraidh, IGT Decl. § 149.7 . a s. iarrad, Laws i 284.12 Comm. ri cach n-iarraid , TTr. 171. g s. iarrta, Laws i 234.13 Comm. íarrata, CCath. 2159. íaruta, IGT Decl. ex. 243. na híarrata , § 149.7 . íarradha, ex. 1969 . d s. d'iarraidh , IT i 129.13 . d'ierradh , TBC-LL¹ p. 143 n. 14 . d'iarraigh , Ériu iii 152.33 . ac iarra , Laws i 154.13 Comm. d'iarraighe , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 412.13 .

(a) act of seeking, seeking (to get), searching, examining: ro chuirestair E. eclacha ... fo hErinn d'iarraidh a mnae, IT i 129.13 . rainic A. 'san dunagh (=dúnad) robí d'iaraigh `which he was in quest of,' Ériu iii 168.19 . dul da n-i.¤ to go in quest of them, Laws i 66.7 Comm. cia forsa taid d'iarraid? whom are ye seeking?, PH 3103. ic i.¤ a ṡelga tracking his game, TTr. 364. bái oc i.¤ na borama ┐ nis fuair, LL 296a45 . ata sunn trenfer ... ag iaraidh comhlainn, CF 195. cairde do lēcud dō fri hiaraidh in scēoil sin in order to search for that tale, ACL iii 4.16 . ag íarraidh (v.l. íaruidh) bhric do bhí sin, IGT Decl. ex. 2025. oc i.¤ gu-forgill i n-agaid Ísu `seeking false witness against Jesus,' PH 3143. d'iarraidh ealadhan `to study his art,' TD 3 § 8. tug amus d'iarraidh milse na meala, TSh. 584. aithreach dhamh nach dearna mé | toil Íosa d'iarraidh sláinte, Dán Dé xiii 6. doluid ... for i.¤ usci in search of , RC xxiv 198.9 . beitit flaithe ... for iarraidh na hoirgne, Anecd. ii 50.5 . dia thúr ┐ dia i.¤ o lamaib `to probe and to investigate it with his hands,' PH 6775. ic iarraidh gach raeta examining everything?, Laws i 36.8 Comm. act of seeking in marriage : mor fer ro boí com i.¤ , LU 3937. mh'ingen-sa d'iarraidh, ML² 586.

(b) act of demanding, asking ; a seeking, an asking, a search: ise sin atusa d'ierradh fort, TBC-LL¹ p. 143 n. 14 . boi oc i.¤ dilguid fair, PH 2323. ná fágbhadh fód gan iarraidh, Aithd. D. 16 § 18. d'iarraidh fuaslaicthe do Ruaidhri ... ara athair to demand of his father the release of R., RC xviii 162.18 . nirbo maisi les ... gan a aincridi do i.¤ for Grecaib `not to demand of the Greeks [redress for] his wrong,' Aen. 27. ro-bás oc i.¤ forru co ndernatís idpurtu it was being demanded of them ..., PH 2342. ag iarraidh na hionnsaighthi `calling for the charge,' O'Gr. Cat. 346.23. gan a iarraidh ar nech aile `without having to ask them of any other person,' Laws i 80.10 Comm. ferr fairi (leg. aire, Ed.) inā i.¤ , ZCP vi 261.1 . dot iarraidh `at Thy command,' Studies 1931, 662 § 21 . ó na fuairsiot an ní for a ttardsat iarraidh, AFM vi 2214.13 . mó as lag an iarraidh garma `weaker still as a claim to title,' Content. v 105. re iarrata na feicheman i crich `the period for seeking defendants in a territory,' Laws i 80.22 Comm. gen espad .i. iarrad, 284.12 Comm. mana fogra co tora a iaraidh ┐ co roich i.¤ `if he has not proclaimed it until it is searched for; and the search has come to him,' v 324.4 Comm. can comus a n-iarrata d'á n-aindeoin `there is no power to ask them against their will,' Hy Maine 66.4 . cach ní ... ba adlaic ri cach n-i.¤ for every requirement, TTr. 171. foirni íarradha eallaigh companies seeking for cattle, IGT Decl. ex. 1969. fear tuir ┐ iarruta na screptra naeime `a man who searched and scrutinised Holy Scripture,' Ériu v 20.2 .

ar iarraid sought for, missing, astray : re re teora n-aidhchi ar iarraigh, Laws v 324.9 Comm. gurab ed sin ruc tain amugha ┐ ar iaraidh in fad ro boi, TBC-LL¹ p. 197 n. 4 . ma fuair boin nó each ar iarraidh, KMMisc. 174 § 34. damh ó elbaidh ar íarraidh a stag missing from the herd, IGT Decl. ex. 339. tú Ó Duibhne ... | tú do bhí ar iarraidh ó Ḟionn, Aithd. D. 8 § 39.

(c) the subject of a search, something sought for, something difficult to obtain : fuarais t'iarraidh `thou hast thy request,' O'Gr. Cat. 357.1. co mba hiaraid iat fein arin ndith ragus forro ind so that they will be to seek (i.e. there will be no trace of them) through the annihilation that will overtake them, RC xliii 68 § 67. cu mba hiaraidh en bho i Finnib ┐ Luaidnib that one will have to look to find a single cow, 10 § 3. a shíoth nach iarraidh d'fhagháil `O pardon not hard to get,' PBocht 23 § 45.

(d) an attempt, a trial ; an attack : dobhered ierraidh meinic ar a himfholach `he often endeavoured to conceal it,' Fl. Earls 62.28 . ní fhuil éiniarraidh nar chuir `he left nought untried,' Aithd. D. 65 § 37. 'mun iarroidh sin do thabairt ar in reclés `for attacking the church,' Fl. Earls 50.20 . marbhtar naonbhar ... don iarraidh si `in this onslaught,' AFM iii 410.z . tug iarraidh ar Albanchoibh, L. Cl. A. B., 159.182 . ní thugsad iarraidh dh'Éirinn, 97.106 .

1 lainn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lainn or dil.ie/29425

Forms: loinn, luinn, lainnfordiuclandtaid

adj i, also loinn, luinn.

(a) Of persons keen, eager: ata lainni gl. avida sunt, Ml. 33d5 . 34b9 . boi obeid .i. auidus .i. laind, LU 931 ( ACC 80 ). l.¤ gl. acer, Sg. 64b7 . acer .i. l.¤ nō tin[d] nō trén, Corm. Y 11 (= Thr. Ir. Gl. 1 ). nidam laindsea lánbrostud ar nech etir da indsaigid I am not eager to urge anybody to assail it, LL 230a27 ( TTr. 959 ). mac l.¤ luchair lātha ar gail, ZCP viii 334 n.l. in tí as laind ┐ is escaid, gresed in lesc, alacer et impiger, PH 5825. Also joyful: in tí is láind ┐ is failid don fháilte spirutalta qui spirituali laetitia hilaris est, 5830 . láind . . . ┐ subach forbaelid, 5920 . With n.pr.: Lugaid l.¤ , ZCP xiii 5.15 . Adv. co laind ┐ co héscaid, PH 6029.

With copula and prep. is l.¤ la desires, delights in: nach ní . . . is adlaic ┐ is laind la duine, is ed isbeir `is toisc', Corm. Y 1201 = toisc .i. voluntas hominis .i. inní is laind la duine, Thr. Ir. Gl. 41 . cía lasmboth scīth ┐ lasmboth laind techt int slōgaid, TBC-I¹ 155 ( LU 4617 ) = cia lasbad lesc ┐ lasbad laind, TBC-LL¹ 408 . tairsi linne . . . mad l.¤ libh, Leb. Gab.(i) 198.9 . bheith 'na n-aontoigh ní luinn lat, KMMisc. 242 § 7 . ní loinn lemsa comhlonn . . . do denam ritsa, TBC-LL¹ p. 245 n. 10 ( nī accobar lem, TBC-I¹ 1194 ). ba loind les techt, CCath. 360. maircc chuindges ni for carait / minab l.¤ l[e]is a tabairt, ZCP iv 469.16 . coim tar an anam lér fhaoi / an chalann ní budh loinn lé `the body is not anxious to protect the soul', Dán Dé ix 9 . Mág Suibne dá madh l.¤ lais / do thairg O Domhnaill . . . do gairm de `had it had attraction for him', O'Gr. Cat. 386.10. leis nach loinn uabhar d'éisdeacht, DDána 100.3 . gion gur luinn leis `not anxious', Content. xiii 22 . ge madh l.¤ leó anacal dfaghbail nocha nfhuairsiot idir (`they expected'), AFM v 1846.6 . Also with DO: congnamh dan loinn treabh do tháth `helpmate ever eager to weld the land together' Magauran 2770 . With FRI, in different sense: rob rolaind frinn gnúis Rígh réil may the glorious king greet us with a smiling face, ZCP vi 266 § 10 . With compar. and superl. lainne prefers, likes more, most : robu luinne lim do thuitim leis nā lim fēin, Fianaig. 96.19 . cona bui da Románaib aenduini lasar' lainni gnim in catha catharda innás (i.e. Brutus), CCath. 1131 . lúdh n-a coinne dá mbé ar bhochtaibh / loinne lé rochtain dá réir `she is still more anxious to meet them', Magauran 1522 . h'foghnam as e as loinne linn, Irish Texts ii 44 § 31 . With proleptic -de: co mad laindite leo in forcetul do gabail do laim ut libentius a[u]diatur, PH 6759.

(b) In a variety of other applications bright, pleasant, etc.: ingen Araind fort lár luind (of Brug na Bóinne), LU 4129. am lis loinn, Irish Texts i 55 § 5 . int-aislingthe laind landes (of dream of Pharaoh), SR 3350 . sínus Ádam in láim luinn `eager', Ériu iv 118 § 31 . clandais Buide a liic laind `his keen stone', Metr. Dinds. ii 24.77 . Cf. fuil gormlaind don grein it gris `the bright sheen of the sun illumines thee', Cog. 124.2 .

As subst.: l.¤ .i. solus no taithnemach, . . . annlesach cach l.¤ lochta gáisse `very helpful is every bright one of the folk of wisdom', O'Dav. 1184.

Compds. With nouns. ¤eólas: loinn-eolas, Lism. Lives Gloss. ¤ḟordiuclandtaid: lainnfordiuclandtaid avidus devorator, Dinds. 9. With adjj. ¤chréchtach: iomdha laoch loinnchréachtach, CRR² 76.26 (lonn?). ¤gnímach: in lainnghnimach Lighan, Caithr. CC 7 . ¤réid: an tuath lainréidh Luighnisi, O'Hara 3310 , where Ed. suggests cpd. of lonn-.

See also lonn.

maín, moín, muín, maen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maín, moín, muín, maen or dil.ie/31345
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: moín, main, maín, muin, maini, moini, muíni, maíni, moíni, muíne, maine, máoin, -i, maoin, muin

n i, f. n s. in moín , Ml. 87d9 . d s. deg-main , 103a9 . n du. dā maín , Corm. p. 15 s.v. doman = dē muin , Corm. Y 415. n p. inna degmaini , Ml. 27a6 . moini (: doíne), SR 7855. fīr-muíni , ZCP xi 80.14 . a p. maíni, Wb. 23d4 . dagmoíni , 28a17 . muíne, LU 3393 ( SCC 17 ). g p. deg-maine , Ml. 102d17 . máoin (f., g s. n p. -i), IGT Dec. § 14.14 .

(a) a gift, a benefit (primary sense): transl. Lat. munus, Ml. 87d9 , donum, 84c12 ; (in pl.) beneficia, 27a6 , 90a14 , 102d17 , 103a9 . Often with pref. dag-, deg-: is eícrichnichthe don-indnig-som a dagmoíni without limit he bestows his benefits, Wb. 28a17 . The sense gift is frequently implied in Mid.Ir. muíni [sic leg.] doberthar o thuatib, Mon. Tall. § 35. tucsat maíne ┐ ascadha dho (= munera ei obtulerunt), Lat. Lives 108. tabair maíne bid ┐ etaig do bochtaib, PH 451. tucsat na tri maíne-sea dó .i. ór ┐ tuss ┐ mir, 7017 . nicon ticfa ri moín nó adlaic . . . in sét connegar and the gem asked for is not to be had for love or money (lit. for [counter-]gift or request), LL 251a32 (TBFraích) = ZCP iv 43.17 . muín i commaín ber[r]tha a reward in exchange for shaving, LL 167b10 , cf. RC xv 461.6 .

(b) a valuable article or possession, a treasure ; in pl. treasures, possessions, wealth . ri ro thidnacht do doenib | domun cona degmoínib, SR 1978. in sét (.i. in main), Hy. v 77 ( Thes. ii 346 ). ni ar séuti na máini robcarsi Tíamthe, Wb. 23d4 . ni ḟil nech is lia seóit ┐ moíne ┐ indmassa andú-sa, TBC-LL¹ 59. febus mo chommain sét ┐ maíni ┐ indmassa foraib, CRR 11. tidhnacal seot ┐ moeíne, AU ii 120.23 . bárc mao[i]ne a treasure-laden vessel, ZCP viii 197 § 13. is tre ḟír flathemon . . . maíne mor mbárc hi cinn cach thíre tathigedar, xi 82 § 20 . co ro [s]latsat in longport etir doine ┐ moine, AU 850. munceda . . . .i. muin-maíne .i. maíne for munelaib, LL 18b28 . luid ina rígthech ┐ a ór ┐ a argat lais . . . conid-loisc co n-ógus a muini with the whole of his treasures, Trip. 38.8 . ō tho[th]acht (.i. na mbeodile) ┐ muín [maine v.l.] .i. in oir ┐ in airgit, O'Dav. 1568. maissiu máenib more beautiful than treasures, Thes. ii 295.7 ( SP v 3 ). guidhe . . . is ferr maoinibh, ZCP viii 198 § 22. Sing. in collective sense: ni fhil mo m.¤ fén acht a nim, MacCongl. 57.22 . re deoraibh bá maith a mhaoin good was his wealth to wanderers, AFM i 146.13 (poem). misi nochan ḟuil mu mh.¤ | ó rom-maidh an scél (`for me prosperity exists no more' O'Gr. Cat. ), Acall. 862. a loch chlaein . . . festa nocha bfuil do mhaein `thou prosperest no more', SG 58.33 . do réir a mháoine according to his substance, Job xx 18. nac roibhi aici do maín na do mhaithus acht a hétach, Études Celt. i 81.26 . m.¤ ar mug treasure (bestowed) on a slave (i.e. wasted): muín ar mug, rūn do mnai, | mairg dogni cechtar n-ai, RC vi 188.24 (see mug for other exx.).

In Laws sometimes used of cattle, stock: cúic seoit in muin a cinaidh gach sochuinn gaibius tar ceart, ii 70.1 , glossed .i. cuic seoit isna mainib sin `five "seds" of these cattle'. mor muin mrugrechtai `an increase of cattle on the land', iii 340.12 . mana fuil acht coland nama, nocon-uil nach ní, uair noco m.¤ marta he `it is not a beef-carcass' (i.e. it is not value as beef, of a mare's carcass), iii 372.8 , cf. 378.17 .

(c) often fig.: is maith main mesrugud, ZCP vii 297.17 . firmuíni mo briathar, xi 80.14 . moíni na hēcisi, RC xxvi 17 n. 7 . Of persons: ba muin [maín LB, maoin, H 2.15A ] mait[h] in mac sin, Corm. Y 863 ; cf. asbert in ri . . . doragad ēm main . . . don mac sin (= that that boy would prove a treasure?), IT iii 190.5 (both exx. refer to Morand m. Maín). Muresc cen tassi maith maín, LL 137b8 . ? aue Muirne muin, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 25 ('Enkel Muirenns der würdigen' Meyer, taking `muin' as g p. of a noun denoting ` honour, dignity ', but perhaps n s. in apposition to aue). Uncan in m.¤ maerda, Gorm. Aug. 21. In abstr. sense: máoin ocus muaidh, ionann sin is maith nó miadh, Forus Foc. 43. main [maoin v.l.] grádh, ib. 34 . maoin .i. grádh; .i. maith, O'Cl. Cf. 6 muin.

(d) in Bérla na f., knowledge, science, art: doraa in main (.i. dochonnaic an eladha), ZCP v 488 § 7. don maoin (.i. don eladain), 489.1 .

mall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mall or dil.ie/31479
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: maull, maill, maill

adj o, ā. d s m. maull, Sg. 183b3 . d s f. maill, ib. n p m. (as noun) maill, Ml. 20a26 .

(a) slow (in movement or action), generally implying slugishness or inertness . m.¤ nó doe, gl. tardus, Sg. 66a7 (cf. Ml. 20a26 ). m.¤ nó baéth, gl. hebes, 66a5 . gl. morantem, 64a5 . cumscugud m.¤ , Wb. 25d26 . dosnicfa cobir cid m.¤ , 5c5 . m.¤ .i. mollis .i. maoth amail nā beth cnāim and, Corm. Y 906. manip m.¤ beti occae if they do not loiter over it, Mon. Tall. § 53. ba m.¤ lais dogein in ben in folcadh he thought the woman was slow in preparing the bath, Laws i 72.34 . rethid is ní ro-máll, TBC-LL¹ 3361. inghen . . . fá m.¤ troigh, Irish Texts ii 70 § 14. m.¤ a ccomhrádh slow of speech, Exodus iv 10. seal go luath ┐ seal go m.¤ , TSh. 1656. a theacht 'sa neart, m.¤ do thriall he was slow in attempting it (?), Content. vi 230. mall-bha chíochlána slow-moving kine with full udders, Studies 1929, 594 § 11 . Compar. mailliu, Thes. ii 14.35 ( BCr. 25c1 ). nirbo mailli dolotar olmbatar in charpait, TBC-I¹ 3537. is gnáth mirr do thabairt im chorpaib . . . conid maillite thinaid that they may waste away more slowly, PH 7023. nír moillitte a rúaig none the slower was his rush, BNnÉ 139.42 . ? Superl. mol ┐ hond, ar issed déide as maillem i mmuilend, Corm. p. 29 s.v. muilend (= is muilend i mmuilend, Corm. Y 874 ). (cryptic) mainiciall .i. mall, Goid. 78 § 225 (Dúil Laithne) , ZCP xlix-l 613 .

Freq. in composition with vn. etc., expressing motion or action: ic mall-ascnam in mara, CCath. 2871. ag maillcheimniuccadh, AFM v 1760.21 . a Diarmait, a mallchobair slow in help, ZCP iii 204.4 . atbath Fintan . . . do m.¤-chrine slow decay, MacCarthy 144. long m.¤-rāmach slow-rowing , IT iii 89 § 115 = Bruchst. i § 80 . an maillthriall doghníodh slow pace, TSh. 7626.

In sense late, tardy: in mall-aithrige, LU 2410 ; PH 8203 (= sera poenitentia). mo i nnemdhdhenum ł inna malldenumh 'a greater [fine] for non-manufacture than for its late manufacture', Mar. Dis. 28 § 4 . cóilis mhall late cabbage, Corp. Astron. 54.22 . co m.¤ co moch late or early, SG 245.53 .

(b) freq. as epithet of sea, slow-moving, sluggish (? but cf. (c) below). meirge mara maill, SR 4003. immar thuile mara maill, Metr. Dinds. iii 176. anfad in mara moill, ZCP x 345 § 9. Cog. 10.1 . Of rivers, etc.: gér mh.¤ an tSiúir, Keat. Poems 1517. i gcrích Ulad na n-es mall `placid (i.e. not swollen unduly)', O'Gr. Cat. 384.11. So in compd.: 'sa Midhe mallaibhnidh `of the gentle rivers', Ériu v 54.22 .

(c) of places, perh. in sense massive, broad, vast , Meyer, Bruchst. i § 20 n. Mide m.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 52. for Midi m.¤ , LL 185a22 ( Arch. Hib. ii 84 § 32 ). co Maistin maill, IT iii 9 § 10 = Bruchst. i § 20 . in m.¤-mag, Cog. 122.23 .

Cf. further: adlaic damsa ech m.¤ moṅgach, LL 45b20 = MS. Mat. 489 , RC xxxvi 263 § 21 (where `ech' denotes figuratively a stretch of territory). nasc m.¤ mná nāre Etair, Metr. Dinds. iii 104 (where `nasc' seems used of a stretch of coast or reef of rocks). dar muir ┐ dar mallcladh, Anecd. ii 41 § 17. adrochair Aillen . . . tairnic a mhaill-néill heavy clouds, i.e. stupor (?), Acall. 1749. tugadh a mallthréda muc, TBC St. 67 . m.¤-tréad muc `a large herd of swine', Atlantis iv 170 . maill-tréada muc ┐ caorach, Each. Iol. 7 . fá mhallbhruachaibh na motharmhala (of eyebrows), Todd Lect. iv 96 § 38.

(d) common epithet of the eye, always complimentary (cf. Dante, Purg. vi 63 ), slow-moving, steady, gentle? rinn roisc a minchinn is m.¤ , ACL iii 308.5 . mall-rosc mór meicc ríg Hérenn, Ériu iv 96.2 . as a derc ra-mhoill ra-glais, 112 § 7 . súl-mall ` soft-eyed ', 116 § 19 . ríoghan an ruisg mhoill, A. Ó Dálaigh i 4. matal ríogh mallṡúilech Múaidhe, KMMisc. 170.14 . maighdean mór mílla mallrosgach, Ev.Inf. (LFF) 235 § 68.1 . In dwanda-compd. with other adj.: a ruisc mhaillréid, SG 265.6 .

(e) used of women or young persons, in complimentary sense, implying dignity, gentleness or modesty of demeanour: Eaba in m.¤ mhór, Ériu iv 112 § 8. [ac tab]uirt duit mna moilli, ZCP xiii 17.17 . mná malla, SG 65.16 . mo chean don mhoill úir iodhain, Gofraidh Fionn v 24 ( Ir. Monthly 1919 ). macān m.¤ secht mbliadan, ZCP vi 266 § 2.

óg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. óg or dil.ie/33562
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: úag, ógae, óge, óige, ógh, ógán, ógbán, ógdiles, ógfind, ógslán

adj o,ā (or u, Celtica xxiv 172 ) also úag, a form common in Mid.Ir. but not found in Glosses. The stem-consonant appears to be non-palatal in all cases in O.Ir.: g s f. ógae, Ml. 144c7 . óge, Sg. 6b28 ; later generally óige.

(a) whole, entire, integral : ogh .i. comlan, O'Dav. 1315 , cf. Corm. Y 65. ogh .i. imṡlan, Lec. Gl. 102 M . uli (nō uile nō ogh), Corm. p. 2 (amnas). rann óg complete part (of speech), Sg. 6b28 . n du. da n-óg (gl. cuiusquam, i.e. a compd. contain- ing two integral words), 157b6 , cf. 75b3 , 98a2 . comsuidigthe o dib n-ógaib (gl. altera utera), 98a1 , cf. 75a5 . loiscis in garmain . . . matan ba óg in garman was whole (again), Hy. v 76. mo chorp úag i n-úaig entire (? uncorrupted) in the grave, LU 9945 = PRIA iii 536 § 29. a n-ol n-úag . . . na ruirech . . . triche dálem nos dáled the entire amount of drink, LL 28b32 . etir imrad uag | nar bo luad don Flaith all converse wherein there was no word of the Lord, ACL iii 222 x . donrimmart gorta . . . a críchaib Cannáin fri ar n-adlaic uaig to supply all our need, SR 3487. dilegfat claind Ádaim huaig the entire race of A., 2429 . lethat Tuadmuman . . . is ē a dāil fri hErinn hōig `compared with the whole of Ireland', Ériu ii 50 § 3. féich ogha full fines, Laws i 286.36 Comm.

Passing into sense of complete, perfect(ed): ro frestuil . . . gumbut oga a n-ocobair till their desires were satisfied, ACL iii 3.12 . manibat óga a frithḟolaid `unless the reciprocal obligations be fully discharged', Ériu i 219 § 9. This is prob. the sense in chevilles: erim n-úag, LL 258b36 . óg in t-anfad, 183b11 = Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 32 (`a tempest outright').

compar. with DE: ogthach .i. oigh-thech .i. oguide a tech dia buith fair, Corm. Y 1016 (see ochtach). superl. céim as úagu `step most perfect', Fél. Nov. 30. Adv. don c[h]reitmech c[h]reitfes co hogh entirely, absolutely, RC xxxvii 346 § 22. ro forruimedh co hogh ann hé la righ C. he was lodged with all his retinue (?), ZCP viii 102.4 (B. na f.).

(b) used as subst. in neut. sing. folld. by part. gen., the whole : a ṅ-óg no ráidiu `all that I say', Fél. 358 (a n-uag, ind óc v.l.). ogh n-airbid `full food', Laws v 432.19 . og n- arathair, iv 310.14 (`full ownership of a plough', MacNeill, MacNeill, Law of status 291 ). tuc Patraic óg ndilguda dóib plenary forgiveness, LU 9764 = RC vi 164.26 . ronbiat . . . huag córe complete peace, Ériu iii 137.1 . faicebthai leis óg far cend all your heads, TBC-LL¹ 291. óg bar carat all your friends, LL 239a19 = TTr. 1650. óg n-ell `all the kine', Metr. Dinds. ii 62.11 . go ffargaibhsett ogh a long . . . ag Ua M., AFM ii 936.9 , cf. 1050.14 . ratha i n-ogh na saire seo, Anecd. i 42.16 = `the inviolability of this freedom', Ériu iv 43 z . uile n-óg `all entire', `all told', used as adv.: doratsat sin uile n-óg `gave all these completely', Metr. Dinds. iii 10.117 . ro ort uile n-óg in énlaith, 258.33 . dosfangator cenél C. uile n-ógh came in all their strength, Hugh Roe 300.4 (f. 78b) .

(c) untouched, intact, inviolate : in talam dia ṅdernad Adam, óg e-side, ar ní ro helned ó iarnd nách o fhuil, PH 2024. sméra áille uagha `fresh', BS 110.7 .

Often of places (prob. the orig. meaning of the epithet as applied to Ireland, though later the country came to be personified as a virgin): o ruirig nimi noeb-uáig, SR 5878. a íath n-énach n-indsech n-úag `virgin mead of birds and islands', Metr. Dinds. ii 10.8 . a tig righ na hindsi uaighi, Snedg. u. Mac R 11 z . Eri ogh inis na naemh, MacCarthy 408 § 1 . apstal Hérenn óge `virginal', Fél. Mar. 17 (of S. Patrick, possibly = of all Ireland). cein bes Ere uagh, Anecd. ii 71.11 .

Of abstracts: fofuair . . . mor n-ecnai uaigh co n-ógrath, SR 3810 (= pure? complete?). sruaim ecna uaigh, ACL iii 220.15 .

(d) of persons, the primary meaning may be complete, lack- ing in nothing, or unsullied, pure: duine óg iar fírinne, SR 450. nem n-aṅgel n-uag, 635 . a Míchíl archaingil uaig!, SG 389. 19 . rucad Helíí uag | ina charput don bith buan, KMMisc. 150.45 ( LB 247b13 ); `the chaste Elijah', but possibly intact, i.e. in the body.

In Mid.Ir. and later lit. (esp. relig.) generally in restricted sense celibate, chaste : óg eter ógaib (of John the Baptist), PH 880 . as eissen . . . cet martir ┐ cet sagart ┐ cet og do bai do sil Adaim, MacCarthy 286 (a) . nís aitrebat acht nóemóig nó ailitrig dútrachtacha, FA 12. forcetul do na lánómnaib ┐ do na hógaib to married and single, PH 1670. ba húag ba hidan a maicc, LL 370b51 .

Common epithet of the Virgin Mary: Maire óg ingen, FA 6. féil Maire húage, Fél. May 3. In late lang. indecl. in this con- nexion: Muire Ógh, do Mh. Ógh, mac M. Ógh, IGT Dec. § 126 .

Hence (e) as subst. ā, f. a virgin : ógh, IGT Dec. § 39.16 . uirgo . . . .i. og, Corm. Y 178. tar bruinniu ógae over a maiden's breasts, Ml. 144c7 , cf. 100a3 . berid og mac, PH 2262. mac na hóige .i. Crist, 2022 . dond óig Iulianae, Fél. Feb. 16 (uaig, oigh v.l.). ar cech noebuaig, SR 7817. dī óig, FA 15 (n du.). muinter nime eter nóemu ocus nóemóga, ┐. nóeb [leg. noíb] is nuíbhuaga, SR 441. ticdis a ndruíde ┐ a n-óga coisecartha, PH 335. for érlam Brigti co n-ogaib Érenn impe, Hy. i 51.

Occas. of a man: do coimeit se n-a oigh ro-naemtha kept himself a virgin, BCC § 353. an dream nár salchadh ré mnáibh óir as ógha iad, Revel. xiv 4.

(f) exceptionally as subst. f. in abstract sense, chastity, purity : easpog go n-óigh n-intinne `virginal in mind', Arch. Hib. i 98 § ii . So also in pl.: crí co n-uagaibh `body of purity', AFM ii 582.13 (poem). fer co n-occaibh, ii 600.7 (poem).

Common in compds.,

(a) with subst.

(1) in sense entire, complete , often in legal and techn. terms: ógh-aisecc cruidh full restitution, AFM ii 1114.19 . la taob og-aisic dá creith (= creich), Anecd. ii 76.1 . rucus og-altram do mathair a oenur entire upbringing, Rawl. 113a22 (das ganze Aufziehen fällt der Mutter zu, ZCP xv 320 § 13 ). dodeochatar na noib i n-ógbrāthirsi [sic leg.] etir na cenela, ZCP viii 315.19 (cf. óg-síd). lethcaichach a tairsce ocaichach ma caichach naiche 'full penalty' CIH i 72.4 , EIF 136 . dorat dó a uagcommus full authority, SR 3172. co ndernad a ogdilcenn it was completely destroyed, CCath. 2590 ; cf. AFM ii 652.5 (óghdilgeann). dorat a ogdilsi fein cona uile maithius dó `absolute ownership', RC xii 332.6 , cf. 348.13 . oghdiriu (= ¤díre) do cech eclais full due, Cáin Ad. 36. ogflaithem .i. fer tri seincleithe cona comorbaib 'the ógflaithem ('full lordly-one'), i.e. a man of 3 hereditary tenants with their proper successors' CIH ii 584.21 (Míadṡlechta) , ZCP xlii 76 . incomalltar ogime (leg. ógimbe) dia mis 'full hedging is completed in a month' CIH i 65.5 (Bretha Comaithchesa) , The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 105 § 4 . don oghlaithi aigeanta the full natural day (i.e. 24 hours), MR 106.11 . raithi . . . a n-oghlesaigte Emine, Anecd. i 42.13 (`guarantors . . . for the full satisfaction of E.', Ériu iv 43 ). is ogleith in sin, ni certleath `a virtual half, not an exact half', Auraic. 1728. ógleth, IT iii 66.23 . oglinath ind firinnigthe full accomplishment, Wb. 3d22 . oghlosgadh, AFM iii 554.7 . ier n-oghroinn Insi hErenn dividing the whole island of Ireland, Leb. Gab.(i) i 274 z . ógríar (see below). dogniat ógsíd .i. Diarmait ┐ Guaire are fully reconciled, ZCP iii 218.11 . co ndearnsat oghsídh fo bachaill Iosa, AFM ii 1086.14 . co ndearnsat óighsidh fri aroile, iv 930.5 . co ndernsad ógṡith na hErenn a general peace, RC xviii 164 z . ógthatchur, see below. ní ógthindnacal . . . óre ro tectsat ní de riam not alto- gether a gift, Wb. 1a9 .

(2) in relig. and later lit. generally in sense perfect or pure, chaste: co n-úagbail `perfect goodness', Fél. Dec. 3. ogben, Gorm. Nov. 15. ó ghenair Crist dind oghbhreith, AFM ii 648.5 . oghbriathra ána `pure, noble words', MR 160.7 . ógcéssad (= martyrdom), Fél. June 5 . ar aithne . . . in ógh-espuicc `virgin bishop', BNnÉ 265 § 229. ógfer (of a saint), Gorm. May 2 , cf. June 23 . oiginis Erenn, MacCarthy 436 § 5. cen óg- naith `without perfect song', Metr. Dinds. iv 150.52 . ógrath, SR 3810 , cf. 7499 . ógrí, Fél. Prol. 92.

(b) with adj., either in sense entirely, perfectly , or forming dwanda-compds. ógán ` virginal, splendid ', Gorm. Aug. 3. mind ṅ-úagbailc `virginal, strong', Fél. Aug.16. ógbán, Gorm. Mar. 8. caega n-urla n-ogbuidhe pure yellow, ZCP viii 539.1 . ógdérg a fonnaid all red, FB 24 ( LU 8345 ). ógdiles belonging in fee simple (to), Thes. ii 239.16 ( Ardm. 17b1 ). ógfind, Ériu iv 32.12 . a chruth cith uagfind though wholly fair his form, ZCP vi 267 § 1 . beich óghlána `laden bees', TD 18.24 . ógslán entire, intact, perfectly sound : co roichet o. tarsin nglend tentide, FA 22. ní dígbad ní día ubull . . . acht ba ógṡlan beus, LU 10022. iss é úagṡlán cen on cen anim., LL 250b43 ( TBFr. 268 ). ba hoghshlan he o churp ┐ o anmain, PH 468.

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