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1 abra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 abra or dil.ie/77

 

Forms: abrat, abra, abrait, abraid, abrait, abrat, abhra, fabhradha, abhra, abrachtaib

n nt, m. Later frequ. with inorganic f- (see also fabra). n s. abrat (leg. abra? Or for abrait?), Laws v 250.4 . a s. abraid, LL 208a16 . n p. abrait deirg, LU 7763 . g p. abrat, ZCP vii 299.17 . Later as vocalic stem (also with pl. forms in -dh-) g s. an abhra mhoill, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 404.9 . n p. fabhradha, Keat. ii 3636 . g p. abhra, DDána 99.30 . Note d p. abrachtaib gl. palpebris, Gild. Lor. 120 .

Orig. perh. eyelash(es) which seems to be the usual meaning in compounds, but eyelid suits a number of exx. The meanings cannot always be sharply distinguished, and the follg. classification is to some extent arbitrary.

(a) eyelash(es): palpebra .i. fabhra, Ir. Gl. 79 . ? aere mor aah bruit, IT iii 91 § 126 ( BB 293a11 ). a mailghi ┐ a abraid, 186.15 . abrait duib daín, LU 4515 . (cf. abhraid .i. fabhradha. a.¤ dhubhdhaimh .i. fabhradha amail daol, O'Cl.). iter clethchor ndub ndóelabrat, 7386 . abrait fo daildath, IT i 80.16 . an dara ha.¤ dubh, aroile fionn. TBC-LL¹ 5551 (Stowe). ma robenad a.¤ uachtair a sul do duine, Laws iii 352.11 Comm. da ḟabra dubha, Ériu iii 152 § 5 . With mong: abra dubmall nach daor mong, IGT Decl. ex. 521 . Cf. lia sgor an mhongabhraigh mhóir, DDána 106.5 . Fig. cróib dind abaill a hEmain / . . ./ gésci findarggait fora / abrait glano co mbláthaib, Imr. Brain 3 . láimh re habhradhaibh Eoraipe `hard by the fringes of Europe's shore' Ó Bruad. iii 70 x .

(b) eyelid: abrait fri nem (i.e. in prayer?), Ériu ii 64 § 4 . sruth serb saile i sūilib saigh, / aslocha fraigh n-abrat n-ūar, ZCP vii 299.17 . im fabra mil moir do chobraind, Laws i 124.7 . Cf. 250.4 . deor tromthoirsi co ti tar a.¤ ar n-aighti-ni, ACL iii 234.18 . fabra uachtarach a súl, O'Gr. Cat. 77.38 . cladmailgi . . . forbrit tar a fabradaib, MR 186.3 . eadrom is eatoil ghlana / muna n-iadhoinn m'aphradha, Studies 1920, 263.10 . In phrases corresponding to Engl. in the twinkling of an eye: feadh an abhra d'osgoladh, DDána 21a.2 . re turnamh an abhra, Ó Héodhusa 28.19 . ar feadh iadhaidh m'fhabhra even for a brief moment, DDána 32.12 .

In n.pr.: Fand . . . ingen Áeda Abrat .i. áed tene is hé tene na súla in mac imlesen, LU 3375 ( SCC 17 ).

In composition abrat-, later also abra-. ¤-chaín having fair eye-lashes: o ri Erend abradchain, BB 274a33 . Ailill abratchaen, Rawl. 83a36 . ¤-donn: an tóg abhradonn (: agam), TD 1.26 . fad ghruaidh abhradhuinn (: Conuill), 2.36 . ¤-dub: mar ráith gCuinn abhradhduibh fhinn (: charmhoguill), DDána 119.2 . ¤-gorm: ar int aithech abratgorm, Rawl. 87a45 . da óclach aigḟinna abratgorma, TBC-LL¹ 4346 . ¤-mall: crann céasda an óig abhramhoill, DDána 54.24 . ¤-rúad: C. abratruad of the red eye-lashes Rawl. 83a44 = C. Abhrad-rúadh .i. rosc rúadh co mailgibh rúadha ro thecht, nam brai mala dicitur , Cóir Anm. 190 . U. abradruad, RC xxiv 274 § 7 .

See abratchor.

ad-noí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-noí or dil.ie/522
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: atnoim

v (* ath-no-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 586 ). entrusts, commends to (DO): Indic. pres. 1 s. ?atnoim .i. fulang, O'Curry 1300 ( H 3.18, 539b ). 3 s. atnoí do epscop Brón día altrum he entrusts (entrusted?) him, Trip.² 1611 . Aed atnoe (atnoi, adnai, adnaoi, att naoe v.ll.) huile oll doene dronchetal .i. . . . ┐ ro aithnistar Aed do Dallan . . . co mbad druine cech cetal in cetal-sa, ACC 115 ( RC xx 282 ). aithni timna . . . .i. timna in tí ad noi don tír, O'D. 939 (H 3.17, col. 659a). Pass. sg. sruith in aicdhi (ind aithne v.l.) adnur duit `noble is the knowledge that is imparted(?) to thee', Arch. Hib. iv 207 § 19 . ?adnuither cert (`let justice be dispensed'), Laws ii 130.19 . Ipv. 3 s. atnoad Concobar eim . . . ol is cetaicce Fionncoimiu let C. hand him over, IT i 142.15 ( Comp. CC 8.17 ). 2 pl. tairngid lib a aingliu . . . in anmain n-écraibdig sea ┐ aititnid (leg. aithnid, Ped. = tabraid, LU) i lláim Lúcifir dia bádud give it in charge to Lucifer, 183.22 . ?Subj. 3 s. (see Ped. loc. cit.) adnoodur gl. reseruare, Thes. i 714.11 . rodbo dia adroni et connói a rrad file andsom no is hésom adroni do dia in fochricc file do i nnim `either God has committed and preserves the grace that is in him . . .', Wb. 29d29 . uair ini ada chuir bel atbelat an ti adrona .i. icfa so in aithgin atrona, O'Curry 676 (H 3.18, p. 330).

With de: atnóe díobh gan tochar fris na Gallaibh he enjoins them, Hugh Roe 100.30 (fo. 27b) .

Vn. 1 aithne. Later as simple vb., see 1 aithnid. Cf. as-noí

adomnae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adomnae or dil.ie/528

 

n (ad + omnae great fear , Wortk. 131 , but see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 169 . adamnae: adamra, Thes. ii 300.8 (Hy. i) but rhyme not strict in this poem): a.¤ mor for hErind n-uile .i. robudh plaige `great fears', AU i 322.4 . Nōe ┐ Abraham . . . immuntísat ar thedmain / náchantairle adamnae, ` famine ' Thes. ii 300.6 (Hy. i) .i. adamní (adamnai v.l.) .i. gorta .i. quia per Adam uenit dolor , 35 . In n.loc.: i Rāith Adomnae atbath Aed i nArd Macha roadnachtt, ZCP xii 235 § 51 . Cf. omna(e) as n.loc., Hog. Onom. (but see omna).

áed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áed or dil.ie/613

 

Forms: aed, áeda, Áid

n [n.?] mo da n(h)ed, ZCP iii 224 § 10 (Amra Senáin). a s. aed , LU 8895 ( FB § 68 ). g s. áeda, Fianaig. 4.6 . Note d s. Áid, Thes. ii 242.18 (Ardm.) See Vendr. Lex.

Fire: aod .i. tene is imaircide sōn cid tria delidin an anma as aod .i. dea .i. bandéa, ipsa est Uesta .i. bandea tened, Corm. Y 33 (on the connection of aed with a god of fire, see Duan. F. iii p. lxviii ). dir aod īside .i. a losgad bad dir quia fit aodh .i. tine, 473 . fí áeda .i. olc teine .i. teine neimnech, Fianaig. 4.6 . amal aed (.i. tenid [H]) tria fithicén, LU 8895 ( FB 68 ). `aedh' ┐ `tnu' teine tra, Metr. Gl. 9 § 5 . Dealbaed .i. delb aeda .i. tened no dolb aedh .i. teni doilbthi doroine, BB 251b15 . rongeilt in gāeth feib geiles / nemāed forderg fidnaige as the red fire of heaven consumes twigs, Bruchst. i 67 § 155 . cetho aodho ona mbelaib, Aisl. Tond. 100.7 = cetha tinedh, 126 § 1. ēta duit ced mogad ndaor / re dēnam aodh co nirt c[h]ruaidh. ML² 2006 . curt[h]ir ar aed īarnlestar, Ériu vii 4.4 . fér forglass for laich lilestai áed ág asa mag, LU 5326 (TBC) (rhet.) Fig. aodh go ffeile (of S. Maedóc, in a poem), BNnÉ 240 § 172 . Also expld. as eye , the pupil being regarded as the fire of the eye: aedh .i. súil, O'Cl. aodh ┐ derc ┐ cais / tri hanmann in ruisg rionnghlais, Metr. Gl. 16 § 39 . ingen Áeda Abrat .i. áed tene is hé tene na súla in mac imlesen, LU 3375 ( SCC 17 ). mo da nhed .i. mo da suil, ZCP iii 224 § 10 . adám aed .i. adám ṡúil, Ériu i 72.17 . Frequ. as n.pr.

áeraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áeraid or dil.ie/639

 

Forms: áerad, áertha

v (áer): ce nonmolid ce nonairid `whether ye blame us' (gl. per gloriam et ignobilitatem), Wb. 16a1 . satirizes, lampoons: nir' áerad lia muintir / Cenn-faelad abb Bennchuir, Fél. Apr. 8 . cein mair molthiar . mairg áerthiar Áed , LU 355 (ACC). mairg in íath ecnairc airthíar, 357 . ni romaerad-sa . . . riam i cinaid mo drochthidnacuil, RC iii 178.8 . asbert in fili nod naírfed dia áithgiud ┐ no áerfad a athair. . ., LU 10947 . ba dībech in rī frisna filedu: ranaersat co tarla teora bolga corcra for a grūaid, ZCP vii 300.17 . ( Ériu xiii 46 ). diabul n-eirce feib aighthe aertar, Laws v 228 x . ni aora, ní áorthar munab tar toirgsin ngill día ghruaidhe gris, Ériu xiii 17.18 . fili .i. fī a n-aoras ┐ lī a mmolas . . ., Corm. Y 600 = filidh .i. ani ærais, Auraic. 669 ; ani aorus, 3308 . nus-oerub ┐ nus-anfialub, RC xii 90 § 115 . no āerad ┐ no molad cach, MacCongl. 9.3 . ro aorsat iaramh muintir Uiginn, AFM iv 818.6 .

Vn. áerad. Part. áertha, Tec. Corm. § 7.16 . IGT Verbs § 80 .

agad, aiged

Cite this: eDIL s.v. agad, aiged or dil.ie/678
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: aiged, aigeth, agad, aghadh, aiged, aigead, aideadh, aghaidh, aighidh, agid, aigid, agaid, aghaidh, acchaidh, adhaigh, adhaid, aghaigh, agad, aiged, aigthi, aichthi, aighthe, aighid, aigthi, aichthib, aigthib, agthib, aghadh, aighedh

n f. aiged, Thes. ii 254.4 (Stowe Miss.) , aigeth, ibid. 5 . Not found in O. Ir. glosses (see enech). n s. agad, LU 4514 . aghadh, Dán Dé vii 35 . ind aiged , TBFr. 219 . aigead, Ériu xiii 58.1 . aideadh, BB 427a50 . aghaidh (: samhail), DDána 42.6 . v s. aighidh, ZCP xiii 174.9 . a s. agid, TBFr. 223 . aigid, Trip.² 313 . agaid, Lism. L. 2968 . aghaidh, Aithd. D. 61.21 . acchaidh, AFM v 1640.16 . adhaigh, Ériu v 190.480 . adhaid (sic MS.), ZCP vii 301 § 6 . aghaigh, Laws iv 258.1 Comm. agad, Dinds. 18 ( RC xv 312.15 ). aiged, Maund. 257 . g s. aigthi, CRR § 17 . aichthi, TTebe 930 . aighthe, DDána 85.1 . Proverbs vii 15 . d s. aighid, ACL iii 4.28 . n p. aigthi, Sc.M² 5 . d p. aichthib, Rawl. 163b13 . aigthib, TTebe 4115 . agthib, TBC-LL¹ 4210 . aghadh, aighedh f., IGT Decl. § 4 .

I

(a) face, countenance: mad i nadaid ri[g] 'if it be [a wound] in the face of a king ' Bretha 26 § 9 . mad a naigid rig tuat roferta(i)r fuil graine 'if a one-grain wound has been inflicted in the face of a king' 28 § 12 . niba diles a aighidh do aoir, Ériu xiii 13.20 . agad ḟochoel forlethan, LU 4514 (TBC). ind aiged do chumtachtai the face for its comeliness, TBFr. 219 . eter in ṁbrágit ┐ in n-agid ṅgil, 223 . aged ethiopacda slemangorm aci, MU² 689 . niptar aigthi carat im ḟleid, Sc.M² § 5 . comleithet a aigthi do derg-ór, CRR § 17 . ag ínred a aichthi `tearing his face', TTebe 930 . dob iomdha aighthe giall ngonta, TD 11.32 . deōr tromthoirsi / co tī tar abra ar n-aigthi-ni, ACL iii 234.18 . dar a aighid, 4.28 . a.¤ fedil see fethal.

By metonymy of persons: a haighidh fhīr woman of the true countenance, ZCP xiii 174.9 . fer ard uas aichthib Emna / diar chomainm Tadg . . ., Rawl. 163b13 .

(b) surface: aigead gach airgit, Ériu xiii 58.1 (See xix 117-8 ). ordlach i tiget cech lainde dib . . . co m-ba haiged oir uli lais ár medon, Alex. 581 . dar aigthib sciath, TTebe 4115 . mar chaoin aighthe cupa ó cheard, DDána 119.34 . ar aighidh mhín Mhaonmhuighe expanse , Ériu v 66.8 . a haghaidh ghléigheal . . . (of a hill), TD 4.5 . ?ria n-aidche agaig (leg. agaid), Ériu iv 162 § 25 . fa aghaidh na firminnte across the face of the firmament, Aithd. D. 61.21 . ag cur bhairr ┐ aighthe mo bhaisi deisi . . . palm of my right hand, Parrth. Anma 1020 . ar aighthibh . . . an aigein, ML 48.10 .

(c) front: meitheal dar bh' aghaidh sinn súd we were in advance of that working-party, DDána 42.6 ; cf. baluid dia lethagid in luirg, ┐ tanic dia lettáib, TBC-LL¹ 651 ( LL 8103 ).

(d) shape, form, appearance: aen dib a fuath duine, ┐ aroile a ndeilb dhuim, ┐ anaill a naigid ilair, Grail 3399 .

(e) honour (see 1 enech II): dar cend aigthe Conculainn `for the sake of C.'s honour', RC xiv 428 § 52 . tuc Eochaidh a aenrosc do dar ceann a aigti, BB 383a35 . ar son a einich .i. ar son a aighthe, O'Cl. s.v. eineach. Cf. do tabairt aighti doib giving countenance to them, ZCP v 42.30 ( BCC 123 ).

Note also: ic fóbairt aigthe a feirgge for Troiánu, LL 236b22 ( TTr. 1458 ).

II In phrases implying motion, intention etc. (a) With follg. FOR, FRI etc.:

(a) dob aghaidh ar éttualang (of an impossible undertaking), AFM v 1646.1 . agaid for Ath Cliath to attack A. ALC i 2.19 . is tráth aighthe ar Allmhurchaibh, DDána 85.1 . fa neimhleasg liom aghaidh air `I was in no wise loth to approach it', TD 11.7 . ní hésgaidh linn ort aigheadh, IGT Decl. ex. 826 . a n-aighthe ar in sen-fhairrgi making for the sea, Fl. Earls 58.7 . aghaidh dhamh-sa do fhios Bhriain, Hard. ii 202.11 . déne prostrait ┐ t'aiged fri talmain face downwards, PH 454 . a agaid fria lochtaib, PH 8227 .

(b) With attá: ni bḟuil bur n-aighedh le clesaibh riderachta, RC xxix 112 § 8 . is indess ro boí a aged [.i. do Temraig], Trip.² 1011 . Note also: aghaidh gach droichsgéil amach! all evil away from us! Dánta Gr. 9.1 .

(c) do-beir a.¤ co, fri turns towards, makes for: tucsat agaid a long gu . . . turned their ships towards, Lism. L. 2968 . mad cucainni dobera Conch. ┐ Ulaid a n-agaid if C. and the U. make for us, CRR § 21 . tugaisse aghaidh ar Ifearnn, Aithd. D. 70.21 . do bhert a aghaidh ar uaithnibh `he directed his course by Uaithne', AFM vi 2144.20 . tuc an toiced a haghaidh ar in rí, fortune turned her face towards the king, Expugn. Hib. § 64 . tug R. / aighidh ar an lucht rosling `R. has turned to the people who had defeated him', Studies 1919, 256.3 . tucsat a naigid innaenfecht for Leth Cuind attacked, SG 369.2 . ( LL 299b1 ). tugadar a n-aighthe ar airgne ┐ ar éadála . . . do thiomsughadh turned their attention to, Maguires of F. § 13 . ro thriallsat . . . aghaidh do thabhairt ar dhol a nulltoibh `attempted to effect their passage', AFM v 1854. 13 . gibe ealadha ara ttiobhra duine aghaidh whatever science a person may turn to, Rule of Tallaght § 67 . tug a aghaidh res an uile he faced everybody, DDána 15.9 . Note also: tar Carrthaigh . . . / cuir aghaidh na himeirche tar cuan L. face the band over the shore of L., DDána 74.49 .

III In prepositional phrases.

(a) before, in front of (with AR, FOR, FRI, I N-, LA): nemhsgathmhar ar a.¤ a eascarad `undaunted before his enemies', Rel. Celt. ii 196.6 . an tan curtar ar aigid na gréne é when it is exposed to the sun, O'Gr. Cat. 259.8 . magh . . . do bī ar a n-agaid before them, ML² 1039 . ercid is-in less ar bar n-agaid, PH 4371 . for agid Tripolim, Rawl. 71b6 . Eoin re haghaidh an leanaibh in the presence of, Dán Dé xi 18 . fuair cricha na hEtáile re [a] aghaidh before him, CCath. 1225 . dogní munterus fri-a n-aichthibh they pretend friendship to their faces (opposed to behind their backs), PH 7704 . rucait i n-agid ríg Lochlainne they were brought before the kings of N., CRR § 13 . Peadar abstal na aghaidh / do shéan Iosa `in His presence', A. Ó Dálaigh li 11 . do radh go im agaid `to my face', MR 76.14 . Cf. an president . . . do shuidhe lé hacchaidh Sruthra `laid siege to S.,' AFM v 1640.16 .

(b) towards, in the direction of (with i n-): tainic . . . N . . . ana aigid-seom, Trip.² 313 . na daine do rala do na aigidh who met him, Laws iii 178.12 Comm. erigid-siu 'na agaid go to him, TTebe 4179 . dodechaid bó dasachtach ina agaid `came towards him', RC ii 398 § 37 . guais don tí nach tabhair lón / i n-aghaidh na dtrí dtionól (of Judgement Day), Dán Dé xxii 32 .

(c) against (with FRI, I N-): táinic Seth . . . is misi ann re aguidh `where I was awaiting him', Ériu iv 116 § 21 . do ordaigedar . . . a forairedha do c[h]ur re h-agaid Eōgain on the watch for E., ML² 445 . roeiridh an abhond ré aigid the river rose against him, TTebe 3582 . ba tearc d'Ultaibh re a aghaidh `few of the Ulaid would resist him', Aithd. D. 8.4 . ro chansat-side brechta druidechta ina agid, LU 4028 ( SCC § 48 ). in fer ro bai ina adaig i.e. his opponent, Laws iii 218.7 Comm. i n-agthib na srotha sain against the current, TBC-LL¹ 4210 . ata comaimserdhacht ina adhaigh sin there is a synchronism contradicting that, Ériu iv 144 n.19 . is amlaidh ata in leiges a n-aiged na nadura, RC xlix 25.z .

Up (of a slope, steps, etc. with I N-): cloch mulind do chur ana agaid shlebe to roll a millstone up a hill, TTebe 1669 . a n-aghaidh in staigri upstairs, Fl. Earls 218.16 . anagaid aird uphill, Maund. 31 . cuirid i n-a.¤ opposes, contradicts: doirbh leis an gcorp cor 'n-a aghaidh, Dán Dé xix 3 . doreir baramhla na ndaeine nglic nach fuil cur ina agaid accamsa `to which I do not object', Maund. 157 . gan ar breith do neach dhíobh freasabhra ná cur 'n-a aghaidh, Keat. iii 102 . ro chuir ina acchaidh a aindliccheadh ┐ a eccóir fair `upbraided him', AFM vi 1972. 10 . do-icc i n-a.¤ : na tecait i n-agaid in rechta atharda, IT i 170.9 . ní fetar teacht a n-agaid chainti an chumachtaigh sin, TTebe 1075 . tāinic O . . . . i n-a aghaidh sin O. disputed that, ML² 612 .

(d) for (with FRI, I N-): iasg i n-aibhnibh re a aghaidh `for him the fish fill the rivers', Aithd. D. 36.3 . aingeal re haghaidh gach aoin, Dán Dé xxiii 3 . dogēn-sa in cētna at agaid I shall do the same for you, ZCP xiii 181.z . i n-aghaidh mo dhísle dhuid / m'ḟaghail is tríbhse tánuig in return for, TD 14.37 .

(e) for the purpose of (with FRI, LA): fri agad bretha ┐ cocerta, Dinds. 18 ( RC xv 412.15 ). aingeal re haghaidh smachta an angel to correct (Michael), Dán Dé xiv 4 . fri h-aighid a biata `to prepare food for them', MR 50.18 . go mbeittis i náon ionadh re hacchaid báis an fhior-naoimh, BNnÉ 273 § 246 . lé haghaidh Somhairle do cennsucchadh, AFM v 1820.12 .

(f) on the point of, about to (with FRI and vn.): atámúid re hadhaigh catha do chur we are about to give battle, Ériu v 190.480 . do bí M. . . . le haghaid sil éorna do chur, BNnÉ 232 § 146 . re haiged techta duinne cum in gleannasa `before we entered', Maund. 257 .

(g) as an offset to, corresponding to, instead of, etc. (with I N-): ro badur bessa ac na mnáib sin a n-aghaid mathusa na fer sin as a counterpart to, Acall. 7310 . cid fodera foimeilt in ferainn do dul a n-aghaigh na eineclainni annsin? `what is the reason that the use of the land goes (is set) against the honor price in that case?' Laws iv 258.1 Comm. 'na aigid sin in compensation for that, TTebe 1633 . Aed mac T. do athrigad . . . ┐ Aed mac F. do rigad doib ina adaig in his place, Ann. Conn. 1350.9 . luagh i n-aghaidh th'anshóigh, Dán Dé xii 12 . bliadhain i n-aghaidh na h-uaire a maireann an t-éiclips uirre féin a year for every hour, Corp. Astron. 158.4 . i n-aghaidh a ndearna dhóibh / do shaothar is do sheanmóir in return for, Dán Dé xi 24 .

(h) In Laws in phr. ar a a.¤ féin on one's own, in one's own right: ara aigid fen a ænur, CIH vi 2281.13 (Uraicecht Becc) . no ara aigidh fein, UR 102 § 2.11 . o bus orgain airlechta in druith ar a aigid fein a aenar, cin adhbar, cin bidbanas `of his own accord', iii 158.8 . a lan dic ar a aighidh fein, 244.y. eneclann don triur is uaisli bis and ar a naigid uodein `on their own account', i 164.21 . .x. samaisci ar a n-aigid bodein `at their own natural value', v 66.28 .

IV In adverbial phrases.

(a) a.¤ i n-a. (FRI, AR, DO etc.) face to face (with). atáit dá clar-cisdi mora ann in n-agaid a n-agaid, Todd Nenn. 94.x . ragab tilaig agid i n-agid dona sluagaib, TBC-LL¹ 4557 . agid fri agid is Glenn Mamra directly facing, Rawl. 73a31 = is and ata sein aigid d'aigid fri glend Mambra, BB 6a9 . ag feitheamh na Tríonnóide aghaidh ar aghaidh face to face, Ó Héodhusa 54.16 . In Laws Comm. of things set off against each other: a da nindlighedh aghaidh inaghaidh, Laws ii 140.12, 78.29, i 114.5 .

(b) ar a.¤ forward, ahead: buille air aghaidh a step forward, Donlevy vi 19 . do chum gnothuighe móra ar nanama do chur air aghaidh `to help on the great affair of our salvation', 444.19 . ag dul ar aghaidh going forward, TSh. 10793 . Sometimes with poss. referring to subj. of prec. vb. toircidh . . . ar bar n-aghaidh, `right a head', Cog. 86.14 . triall do b'áil ar a haghaidh, Aithd. D. 81.2 . ara aghthib ┐ ara culaib forwards and backwards, CCath. 3612 .

(c) In Laws Comm. do a.¤ , for a.¤ of improper motion of flail: in cet sceinm do leth da aghaidh forwards, Laws iii 222.8 Comm. ata leth aithgin ann for a aighidh when it slips forward, y. noco naithfegtar acht aighidh nama account is taken only of slipping forward, 224.2 .

Compds. With adjj.: abach . . . agedban, CCath. 4099 . occlaech . . . agedchain fairfaced , CCath. 6026 . Aeneas . . . fer imlethan aideadhdherg red-faced , BB 427a50 . gach inad uiscidhe, agaid-fhliuch flooded , MR 256.15 . da óclach . . . agaidhgeala, TBC-LL¹ 4346 v.l. in allchnocoip agadlethnaibh broadfaced, CCath. 5634 . ind fir athlaim agedmóir broad-faced , LL 20345 . With noun: dá lethantrosdán . . . ag imachar a haighedhcnám front bones (shin-bones?), Caithr. Thoirdh. 104.y .

aidacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidacht or dil.ie/827
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: audacht, idacht, udacht, edocht, aidachta, aidechta, udhacht, udhaicht, udhachta, udhachda, udaichd, hudhachda, udhachtain

n (Lat. ēdictum, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 209 . See LEIA Perh. rather adoptare, Marstrander, Lochlann ii 206 . Not a loan-word, O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 161 n. 4 and see also ZCP xxxix 53 , Ériu xxiv 183-85 , xxix 154 ). Also audacht, idacht, udacht, edocht, aidachta. Decl. varies: as m. g s. in aidechta , AU i 54.2 . udhacht m. (g s. and n p. udhaicht, udhachta), IGT Decl. § 25 . udhachda m., § 2 . Also ā, f. a s. udaichd, Parrth. Anma 5688 . g s. na hudhachda , 5875 . Note also a s. udhachtain, RC xiv 62 § 77 .

Will, testament, bequest: issí inso coibse Fétho Fio ┐ aedocht di bliadin re mbas dáu du manchuib Drommo Lías `this is his bequest two years before his death to the monks of Druim Lías', Trip. ii 338.21 ( Thes. ii 238.18 (Ardm.)). ba hésin a hedacht adbul / dia chlaind, LL 16091 ( Todd Nenn. 248.203 ). Audacht Morainn, name of a tract, precepts to a young king given by Morann at his death, ZCP xi 73 . udhucht Aithirne ann so do thairchedal gheine Criosd, Ériu xiii 18.24 . fáidis Morand in n-audacht sa chuice, ZCP xi 80 § 1 . a n-aimsir ar mbáis; ar n-udhachd do dhéunamh gan mho[i]ll, Parrth. Anma 5864 . do réir udhachta Oiliolla Óluim, Keat. iii 3118 . lá an udhochta day of my death(?), PBocht 17.22 . ge ratuillsium mallachtain / nir' millsim ar n-udhachtain we have not perverted our confession(?), RC xiv 62 § 77 . In strict law a name for a will made in articulo mortis (3 imna name for one made in bodily health), Plummer, Ériu ix 31 . The distinction, however, is not always observed: cach n-ord iarna cirt . . . ┐ a nudacht a nimna co rabat don eclais iar netla uird, Laws iii 32.z . a nudacht .i. fri bas, 34.14 Comm. is amluidh sin ranntar a imna ┐ a udacht, 68.4 Comm. cuit neclaise fris a mbi audacht, iv 194.26. mád espug cin uducht, i 202.y Comm. ro fag mac Seain a nudacht nar gabudur . . . cóir na cert uaid timcell Anaidh moir `Mac S. provided in his will that they should derive no title to Annaghmore from him' (Plummer MS. notes), O'D. 1961 ( Eg. 90 fo. 7(8)c ). muna tarraid ughacht itir é a denam donti ro marb he co nach roibe caomthachta a fhastaithi aici, O'Curry 1651 (26 Q 6 p. 21a) i.e. if he (the slain thief) died without confessing, the slayer must prove that he had no other means of stopping the thief than by killing him, Plummer MS. notes. Attrib. g s. doḟagaib in scrin ac a comarba udachta testamentary successor, ZCP xiv 152.13 . cloc in aidechta, AU i 54.2 (a famous bell at Armagh said to have been bequeathed by St. Patrick, see Reeves Ad. pp. 205 , 323 ). i ndigail sharaighthi cluicc ind edechta, 582.12 . cleirig an Chluig n Udachta do marbad ann, RC xviii 268.18 (Tig.). Solamh . . . maor cluig an edhachta, AFM iii 608.13 . delg aidechta, a brooch bequeathed to Iona by Colum Cille, Reeves Ad. 205 .

The thing bequeathed, bequest, legacy: Epscop Aed bói i Sléibti luid du Ardd Machae. birt edoct cu Segéne du Ard Machae. dobert Segene oitherroch a.¤ du Áid ┐ adopart Áed a.¤ ┐ a chenél ┐ a eclis du Pátricc cu bbráth. fáccab Aed a.¤ la Conchad Aed was bishop in Slebte . . . he brought a bequest to Segéne in Armagh. Segéne gave the bequest again to Aed and Aed offered his bequest and his kin and his church to Patrick forever. Aed left his bequest with Conchad, Thes. ii 242.17 (Ardm.) ( Trip. ii 346.22 ). audacht ceneoil a tribal heirloom, IT iii 199.29 .

In phrase fri a.¤ (báis) at the point of death: robái fri feba cach thucht / a ben Eua fria iducht i.e. at his deathbed to receive his last words, SR 2028 . dollotar fir . . . / . . . fria hedacht `to receive her last behest', Metr. Dinds. iv 148.40 . cach bean fri hudacht mbais, Laws v 454.28 Comm. nā bad marb hé co mbeith-som fria hudacht a báis that he should not die till C. should be at his deathbed, BColm. 46.16 . erbaidh do A. co mbeth F. ria udhacht, Lism. L. 2885 . in tan robui Alax. fria hidhacht a bais i mBáibiloin when A. was dying, Alex. 1108 . fā[g]bhuim-si an peacthach bochd reum udhachda báis, Parrth. Anma 5877 . Note also: audacht .i. uath fri feacht .i. antan tēte in duine fri fecht n-ūatha .i. bāis, Corm. Y 38 .

In more general sense: do ním d'udhachta ar a fhuil / a cumhachta gur cubhuidh `I solemnly attest his race', Arch. Hib. i 91 § xv . fa hí ughachta mhóráin / nár dhíol róghráidh ar ndáinne `many protested', Studies 1918. 617 § 3 . ?budh árus ócch d'udhachtuibh, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) i 218.3 .

? áilte

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? áilte or dil.ie/1080

 

ind Aed Allán álte raen rath / fris ráte in tAed Uairidnach, LL 15838 .

1 áine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 áine or dil.ie/1261

 

Forms: Áne, nÁne

n [, f.] (án. See Vendr. Lex.)

(a) brightness, glow, radiance: áne thened, Thes. ii 355.26 . áne in teined, Ériu ii 134 § 114 . di etrachtu ┐ ane ┐ soilse a gnuisi, 142 § 152 .

(b) brilliance, wit: Aed oll fri andud nane ` Aed great at kindling of brilliance', Thes. ii 295 § 1 . ar aíne a forcedail, Laws iv 356.4 . ar gaís ar á.¤ ar amainse ar chirt, LU 10299 . for mac n-á.¤ eras céille adnad fír, SG 253.28 . Perh. also: áne la dóer, ecna la dodelb, Triads 84 .i. saidhbrios (as if = anae) ag daor neimhnidh, p. 38 . aine .i. ái án no aoi án .i. ealadha mhaith no fios maith, O'Cl.

(c) splendour, glory, fame: arrochiúir a n-á.¤ `their splendour has perished', Fél. Prol. 67 . ar adbud ar áni atronnai . . . .i. ara ainmni ┐ ara áini . . . nó ar adbchlos ┐ ar áini, LU 1132 ( ACC 121 ). is mór a á.¤ in Chassan sin hi fertaib, Trip.² 830 . at banlendan . . . ar do á.¤ ┐ t'urdarcus, LU 8237 ( FB § 18 ). ba comadhais dó ar . . . á.¤ ┐ oitidh ┐ aerdarcus, Ériu xii 164.4 (TE2). ar ḟebas a ṅgascid, ar a n-ani, LL 217b49 ( TTr. 68 ). beandacht orda[i]n, beandacht ā.¤ foraib uili, ZCP viii 560.9 . In bad sense pomp, vainglory: cen úaill n-úabair, cen áni `without pomp', Ériu iii 96 § 4 . ní hane fodruair (.i. ni forbas fodera a denum), Fél. Ep. 97 . Cf. O'Dav. 73 . beauty: díar gáet Luchet co n-áni (: Dáiri), LU 3180 . ba bind mo chocert áni / eter andrib co n-álli, 1303 . a há.¤, a himdercadh, a gart `her beauty' (of Ireland), Ériu iv 146.11 . eagna, ōghdhacht is á.¤ , O'R. Poems 3179 . delight: a mo aine gl. o . . . meum sabium (leg. sauium), Sg. 204b2 . is adbar á.¤ do t'eascairdib `cause of delight', MR 294.8 . aine .i. áineas, O'Cl.

(d) play, sport, amusement: co facaid na cuiléna oc á.¤ , SG 254.15 . ferr lubair āine work is better than play, Anecd. iii 18.20 . airiasacht ar aíne fir anfine ac na bi uiriasacht fir cota . . . [.i.] dul do neoch ar ainechas fein `for his amusement . . . for sport', Laws iii 424.5 , 11 Comm. ; aine .i. aibnes (quoting prec. ex.), O'Dav. 108 (`delight, ut est, if there be a consent for pleasure'). ní bhfuaradar uadh á.¤ nó aoibhneas, ITS xxiv 18.18 .

Note also: iar n-áne iar n-imḟorráin contest, fight (?), LL 15943 (or to be referred to áin ?).

(e) swiftness: ara deni ┐ ara ani in charpait, LU 10179 . aine .i. lúas no déine, O'Cl.

Of one of the grades of bard: bard aine in tochtmhadh bard ┐ ni fil dan laisidhe, IT iii 5.10 v.l.

As n.pr. Áne, LL 3318 . See also O'Rahilly, EIHM p. 288 f. In n.loc. Belach nÁne , LU 5217 .

Cf. áinius.

airbaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airbaid or dil.ie/1608
Last Revised: 2013

 

n f. (see Vendr. Lex.) bane, harm, destruction: cen on cen olc cen erbaid, SR 3430 . in fer asa erbaid aire, Trip.² 408 . ca hurbaid mór ar-nom-thá a Chathbuid . . ., TFerbe 141 . nā tīsad airbuid de muir na tir, Cáin Ad. 2 . aurbaidi mruigrechtai huili go cech turbaid techtai conmestar brit[h]im i.e. matters of husbandry which involve distress (and to which attention is permitted on Sunday), Anecd. iii 22.10 (but see Ériu xx 173 , cf. EIF 606 ). Cf. turbaid II. todernama iffirn ┐ erbada lathe bratha, LU 2278 ( FA § 33 ). na sin maithe a Murmaig / fri hurbaid in t-óenfál, Gorm. March 31 . ar ágh is ar erbhaidh / ar demhnaibh dom dinsa, Ep. 7. ág ┐ urbaid na haidchi innocht, TFerbe 179 . cath fri cach n-erbaidh, ZCP vi 264 § 7 . fri tinol nguasachta ┐ imned ┐ urbada, LL 229b41 ( TTr. 930 ). co mbad leriti na hairgni ┐ co mbad moti na hurbada, CRR §§ 3 , 15 . urbaid mór im Albanchaib i cath Roth . . ., LL 6271 . ?int Aed aurbaig (.i. cath Focharta in which he was defeated), ZCP xii 232 § 43 (Baile in Scáil). d'aithe a n-uaradair d'urbhuidh, L. Cl. A. B. 270.52 . aincios mē ar urbadhaibh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1510 . do sgé an fhirminnte a hurbhuidh, Studies 1921, 418 § 3 . Attrib. g s. Capaneus robai 'na stuaig bodba aduathmair urbada, Celt. Rev. x 24.8 . evil, malice: cen [n]ach n-erbaid ina anmain (of Colmán), BColm. 22.14 . tosach uilc is urbhoidhe, ZCP xiv 257.4 . a n-anreachtaibh uilc ┐ urbhadha, ML 130.27 . Note also: derb loma .i. de urbaigh donīt[h]er í no dī-ṡerb, Corm. Y 454 .

airnaide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airnaide or dil.ie/2294

 

Forms: urnaidhi, urnaithi, furnaidhi, furnaide, funnraighe

n vn. of ar-neät. urnaidhi, urnaithi (urnoighthi etc.) furnaidhi f., IGT Decl. § 3 . furnaide, funnraighe, Verbs § 83 .

Act of waiting for. Usually with gen. Occas. with prepp. bui alaili caillech doim oc ernaide D., Mon. Tall. 130.9 (§ 7) . bádar trí rígh . . . oca urnaideseom, BDD² 155 . matā Fer Diad ac ar n-irrnaidi, TBC-I¹ 2516 . ocot airnaide, RC xxvii 278 § 31 . oc ernaide lai brátha, LU 1845 ( RC ix 494.14 ). oc írnaidi ṡeóin, LU 4504 ( TBC-I¹ 21 ). urnuide ngill waiting for the delivery of a pledge, O'D. 102 ( H 3.17, 90 -1). ic urnaidhe in morcat[h]a, CCath. 4322 . ót urnuide, IGT Decl. ex. 198 . 'gum urnaidhe gá fhad bhia?, DDána 94.4 . cen irnaide `without pause', Metr. Dinds. iv 322.34 . urnaide co foltaib, co fiadnaise .i. urnaide do risin folaidh sin a fiadnaise fiadan, O'D. 749 ( H 3.17, 452 ). ga eadarguidi im anad ┐ im urnaidi aici `to halt and make a stand', MR 318.13 . cathir . . . ca tá Eriu ernaide on which all Ireland attends (of Tara), LL 4441 (= fo ḟail Héiriu aurnaide, Ériu iv 92 § 4 ).

With FRI: ic irnaide ra sétaib, TBC-LL¹ 6134 . nir' léicc a ferg do ernaidhe re a slogha, CCath. 3729 . i n-a.¤ : nir bo cian i n-irnaidiu di she was not long waiting, IT i 126.8 . nir bo chían in n-irnaide do Domnall co n-acca chuci . . ., TFerbe 671 . sciath fri homna i nernaidhe didean Brogha mac Míleadh perpetually defending(?), AFM i 524.16 . ? tri catha meic ardEchthach / cu Aed inna urnaide, LL 6891 ( SG 372.35 ).

Various. In sense of holding out, enduring(?): forusta fri hurnaide somuíne ┐ domaoine, ZCP xiv 369 § 31 ( Laws ii 278 ) (`um richtige und (auch) drückende Leistungen auszu- halten (?)'). do'n ti is fearr tochus fri hurnaide a mbiata, Laws v 440.11 Comm. ` act of attending to, furnishing, providing ', Plummer MS. notes.

See furnaide.

airtharsna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airtharsna or dil.ie/2427

 

(tarsna) usually as adv. across, athwart, crossways, obliquely, transversely: tucastar béim tanaise dó urtharsna obliquely, TBC-LL¹ 1900 . ro ghon L. urtarsna é tre compur a cleb, 2301 . With ar cind facing, to intercept: ba sisi bai urtarrsna ar cind na n-ech, YBL 211b44 . a chur ar cind urtharrsna T. to intercept T., TTebe 892 . dochuaid Aed . . . ┐ Eogan . . . ara cind urtharsna A. and E. crossed their path, Ann. Conn. 1225.17 . As quasi-adj. re h-imad . . . na n-arm n-edarla n-urtharsna, MR 316.18 .

aistrech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aistrech or dil.ie/2523

 

Forms: astrach

adj o, ā (astar). Also astrach.

(a) journeying, roving: robad astrach aidchi is lá / eter sídaib Setantá, LU 3562 ( SCC § 29 ). da righdanna (sic) oga aistreacha, KMMisc. 312.29 . drem d'ainglib bas astaraigh, ZCP viii 217.7 . ba a.¤ Albain leis he travelled throughout Scotland(?), Skene, Chronicles of the Picts and Scots 89.9 (`Scotland was unsettled in his time(?)', Plummer MS. notes). ciodh ná ba déanta dhamh-sa / gémadh aisdreach oram-sa . . . dámadh tarbha d'Eoghan though it would mean a journey for me, DDána 65.32 . do sdéd astrach ochttairrngech, IGT Decl. ex. 730 . eass . . . a.¤ , MR 104.13 . aistreach ré triall i slighe na subháilceadh fit to travel, TSh. 9359 . In vaguer eulogistic sense: in aigtibh na n-anradh n-astarach `toiling', CCath. 4992 . anraidh . . . aistreac[h]a antrenta, 5368 . téid . . . go géig n-aisdrigh nEochaille, DDána 86.15 . na ngnímh n-aisdireach n-inghill, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 374.20 . ? `aisdrech' umal, Metr. Gl. 32 § 7 . Compar. . . . ba luaimnighe láin aisttrighe `who was more energetic in his expeditions', AFM v 1736.1 . Adv. slóigh Uladh . . . ┐ iad go h-aisderach éadalach, ML 84.3 . As subst. a astruigh . . . / in-iath aineoil, Skene, Chronicles of the Picts and Scots 93.5 . a aistrigh an toirbheirt truim, Studies 1921, 257 § 1 .

(b) restless, unsteady: do beith na foghlaidh aisttreach essadhal, AFM v 1748.3 . saoí . . . móraiccentach aisdreach essadhal, vi 2366.7 . ba . . . aistreach essadhal ro thochaith Aéd Rúadh an cheitt-bliadhain sin restlessly, Hugh Roe 58.5 (f. 15b) . Of a house: aisdrich (sic) ar Lon-letrich cró rickety(?), RC xi 131.2 .

aithbeóaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithbeóaigid or dil.ie/2556

 

Forms: aithbeódaigid, aithbeó(a)gad

v (aithbeó). Also aithbeódaigid

(a) revives, comes to life again (intrans.): adbeuaiged gl. reualescentis, Ml. 48b4 (treated as compd. vb.). do aithbeodhaigh mu spirat anma, Laud 610, fo. 24c (< Plummer MS notes). co roaithbeōaig Cairbri ō marbaib, ACL iii 225.y .

(b) revives, revivifies (trans.): is Patraic dodrathbeogastar (of horses), LU 9506 . Aed . . . ro athbeóaigh P., Acall. 1231 . aithbheóaigh mé ó mharbhuibh, Parrth. Anma 4642 . is annsa tír-sin do aithbéogaig Elías fáidh mac na bantrebthaige, Maund. 40 . triúr ar n-éag do aithbheodhaigh `he raised three dead folk to life', Dán Dé iv 25 . aithbhéoghuidh sé anam `he refresheth the soul', Proverbs xxv 13 . aithbheodhuigh hobair, Habakkuk iii 2 . a chaithleómhain . . . aithbheóghaidh gasraidh Ghaoidheal `revivify', TD 1.49 . Vn. aithbeó(a)gad.

aithle

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithle or dil.ie/2724

 

Forms: aithliu, atlu, a., aithliu

n [io, n. Cf. d s. aithliu, Mon. Tall. 161.4 , atlu, Laws iv 346.7 ] Vn. of ad-len, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 565 . consequence; remainder, vestige, track: ar niba maith a áidlea (leg. a.¤ , edd.) dúib a n-étsecte `for not good will be the consequence to you of listening to them', Wb. 18c11 . im chath Chind chruaid n-a.¤ `of stern consequences', Arch. Hib. ii 54 iii § 6 . a Rí richid reidig dam / . . . / a.¤ na cesta ṅdúr ṅdub the solution of the hard questions, LL 17729 . aithenne .i. aith-tene nō a.¤ thened remnant, remainder, Corm. Y 76 . foilmen .i. nomen do aithli bruit, 590 . a.¤ .i. seanbhrat, O'Cl. (see Hermathena xxiv 57 ). a.¤ .i. ath-ḟolae .i. is mesae cid indās fola, Corm. Y 45 . ciarbo airmeirb lend aithli / aithforgaib maic M. `the leaving of the weapon' (of men slain in combat), Fianaig. 12 § 16 . ro chuindichset in dias do bi thall a.¤ a ronna `i.e. the other two claimed the reversion of his share' (Plummer MS. notes), O'D. 2288 ( Rawl. B 506, f. 26d ). olc a.¤ do sochaide, Laws iv 266.8 `an evil heritage to many', Plummer MS. notes. hathle an eich rugscat namaitt `the enemies took the track of the (other) horse', BColm. 90.11 . ? na beth i n-athbe isse air / richt a les athle ard rig, LL 376a32 .

Common in prep.and adv. phrases, where presumably orig. d s. aithliu. D s.(?) as prep. with gen. after; in consequence of, as a result of: ithle (d'a.¤ v.l.) inn echta doringnius, TBC-LL¹ 3983 . athli ar n-orcni ┐ athli ar taichi . . . do loscud in consequence of our ruin and the burning of our houses, KZ xxxi 254.x . ragait a.¤ a mmesa dochom péné, LU 2369 . Aed A. a.¤ Fergail / isse ro gab for Temraich, Rawl. 163a7 . itt é ata nessom d'Uib Néill athli Condacht next after C., ZCP viii 317.5 . hi tír Grec a.¤ ind ilair / luid Semion, LL 761 . With co: co ha.¤ na treisi `till after three days', Laws ii 380.16 Comm. gl. co iar nde treise, 13 .

With prec. prep. With A(S): aidchi cenlai a aithliu na cetaoine `the eve of Maunday Thursday after the Wednesday', Mon. Tall. 161.4 (§ 80) . a ha.¤ a gabala, Laws ii 352.22 Comm. a haithli sechtmogat bliadan do forba after completing seventy years, ZCP viii 111.29 . a haithli na crech mor-sin do denam do, Ann. Conn. 1262.6 . as m'a.¤ `after me', BCC 284.19 . Note also: luidh a athaithli in cata sin, BB 489b43 = luid A. a.¤ in choscair sin, Alex. 152 . athaithli marbtha Cír, BB 7a45 (cf. a ha.¤ infra). With I N-: lá éigin 'n-a a.¤-so, after this, Dán Dé v 25 . 'n-a a.¤ sin, Aithd. D. 38.30 . With D' (= DI or DO): d(o) a.¤ thogla thuir Conuing (heptasyll. line), Todd Nenn. 274.2 . d'a.¤ oidedha m'oide . . . do chur, ZCP xiv 241.9 . d'a.¤ a imshníma, LB 129b34 . chóig céd bliaghan d'aithli Chríostt, Desid. 4108 . mar altain d'a.¤ a hoirnimh `as sharp as a razor after whetting', Dán Dé xxv 22 . gach learg dhlúthta d'a.¤ a hord (of the wall of a building), DDána 119.34 . Adv. phrase asa a.¤ with 3 s. n. poss. afterwards: ar nípam comchirtisea do neoch asa aithli, LU 4248 . assa a.¤ then, TBC-LL¹ 138 . In later lang. asa ha.¤ (with h- from the prep. phr. a ha.¤ ?): ro imthigh fein asa haithli, Stair Erc. 81 . asa haithli, ZCP viii 111.22 . as a ha.¤ `afterwards', Fl. Earls 8.21 (cf. athaithli supra). See aithilte, also under athlad

aititiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aititiu or dil.ie/2815

 

Forms: aididi

n, f. vn. of ad-daim. aididi (ón umhla) f., IGT Decl. § 3 . act of acknowledging, admitting; acknowledgement .

(a) Legal meanings. Of recognition of ownership of property: deit[i]u didiu saegal comarba, a.¤ saegal a dó . . . is ann as rudradh o rosaigh co cuiciur, ZCP xii 363.19 i.e. when heirs to land succeed one another d. is the name of a claim to ownership made by the first, a.¤ by the second, see ZCP xv 347 . Cf. aiditiu .i. aith-dēti .i. dētiu iterum īar n-aditiu la nech ele prius , Corm. Y 36 . fuaslaicthi cach rudrad forsna hiadha aititiugh every prescriptive right that acknowledgement does not close is annulled, O'Curry 425 (H 3 18, 232a) = Laws v 496.2 . gellta dib . . . la C. . . . di detiu di comdetiu di aircsiu di a.¤ i.e. pledges were given for them by C. in regard to the various forms of claim (of stolen cattle), Laws i 64.8 . air naisc[id] re ┐ a.¤ ┐ degbal . . . is de ata . . . dilsighther for aititin, ZCP xiii 24.2 `Anerkennung (von der andern Seite) . . . bindet . . . festgehalten werde auf Grund von Geschehen-Lassen (von der andern Seite)', Bürgschaft 12 § 39 . nī bbuī dīlse na a.¤ la fer for n-ecrad `der Mann, gegen welchen (as) besetzt wurde, hatte weder Eigentumsrecht noch Zugeständnis (des Eigentümers)', ZCP xv 346 § 37 . dechmaid na aititin i.e. a testing period of ten days during which the defect in a purchased article could be brought to the notice of the seller, O'Curry 261 (H 3.18, 151). Of recognising a transaction: is iubaile aititen saire in sain (of the expiration of the term of agreement between lord and tenant), ZCP xv 240 § 3 . baeth cach crecas fri mac mbeoathar i necnairc a athar cen forgaire cen aititin i.e. it is foolish to deal with a son whose father is absent without securing a prior direction or acknowledgement (of the transaction) by the father, Laws iii 8 y . a n-aititin tighi fithi do denam ar a ferand, v 316.9 Comm. duine ro bai a naiditain fogla . . . do denam fris `who was cognizant of the commission of a trespass . . . against him', iv 50.7 Comm. sena iar na.¤ denial after acknowledgement (of a crime), iii 108.8 .

Technical term for a type of marriage where a simple acknowledgement (a.) by the father or family of the girl sufficed. A woman married in this way was known as ben (or bē) (n-)aititen and her status was lower than that of the cétmuinter. See Stud. in E. Ir. Law 109 f. , Ir. Recht 27 f. ben aittiten aranaiscc fine, Ir. Recht 27 § 30 . ben aiteten nad aurnascar nad forngarar, 28 § 31 . mad iarnu urnadmaim no aititen dia finib, 64 § 4 . aititen .i. ad-daimther i nn-aithig tigi ┐ ni bi primben ┐ ni haurnascar, 4 § 2 .

G s. as attrib.: aithne n-aititen, a special kind of deposit , SM Facs. 55b40 ( Laws v 196.3 ). ? eoin aititin (leg. -en) `domestic fowls', Laws v 166.6 .i. cerca ┐ geodh, 19 Comm. aenach n-aiditan (sic) `an acknowledged fair-green,' 484.3 .

(b) In general sense: senae iar naititiu, Gael. 50, 129 ( Blathm. 396 ). co sid ┐ co tairisi do ┐ co n-aididin clemhnusa fris, Aen. 1610 . ferr atitiu acsin, RC xlv 23 § 25 = ferr aicsi aitidin, 86 § 72 . ? a.¤ (aidide v.l.) cech indraic, Tec. Corm. § 15.37 .

(c) act of submitting (do to); recognition, submission: fo dáigh a naitide do M. `because they had submitted to M.,' AFM ii 640.x . gan umhla gan aittidin, vi 2034.10 . do rinne gach uile aiditte ┐ umhla dó, ITS xvi 34.25 . cinuid sin do nach dlegar cis . . . acht atitiu nama `but were bound to give recognition only', Cog. 54.8 . do-beir a.¤ do submits to: tabhraidh aitídín dam-sa ┐ dober ceandus daibh, BB 22a27 . cia toíseach . . . da ttiubrattais umhla no aidide, AFM iii 366.13 . aen ammait . . . da tabratis uile aitite ┐ uaisle (Erictho), CCath. 3954 . ní thabuir cách aididi d'Áed , IGT Decl. ex. 186 .

1 amsach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 amsach or dil.ie/3219

 

adj o, ā (amsae) hired out as a mercenary, on military service: alaile ócláech a.¤ , LU 1672 . As subst. o, [m.] = amus: Cathal . . . riga.¤ Erend the leading mercenary of I., Cog. 82.12 . amsaig Conchobhair immi, IT i 75.20 (LMU). inneoch ro marbsatar d'ocaib ┐ d'amsachaib, LL 241b30 ( TTr. 1853 ). Aed . . . na n-abasach (a.¤ v.l.), Acall. 3643 . mór n-a.¤ cóem, Metr. Dinds. iii 148.2 . amsaig ┐ anraid Alban, MR 48.15 . tigerna a.¤ Erend, Cog. 168.23 . gan do shluagh aige acht amhsuidh ┐ giollanraidh, Keat. iii 1107 .

andud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. andud or dil.ie/3526
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: andod, annad

vn. of andaid ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 457 ). Also spelt andod, annad.

(a) act of lighting: fri annad caindle, SR 4535 . fri hannud sutrall solus, Metr. Dinds. i 32.55 . ? la hannud cach[a] ree, Ériu v 212.110 .

(b) Fig. act of inspiring, kindling: do a.¤ a menman són `to kindle their minds', Ml. 131d14 . Aed oll fri a.¤ nane `at kindling of brilliance', Thes. ii 295 § 1 . cudu a.¤ indbais huaigh where is the grave of the inspirer of wealth(?) (of a dead abbot), AU i 442.16 = caitte annadh inn mais uaigh `where is the waiting place', AFM ii 602.20 . im a.¤ ┐ im elscud déaircci, Trip.² 647 = im andadh . . . deserce, Anecd. ii 19.13 . annadh fēile ropad ūathib, ACL iii 298 § 65 .

(c) o andod co diles `from beginning to end', Laws iii 318.11 Comm. = o annudh co diludh, i 294.9 Comm. a annag co digleod . . . o annog co digleod, O'D. 1693 (H 5.15, 31a).

(d) farrowing, giving birth: na muca andaigthe .i. na muca in tan bit ag annad ag breth orc 'farrowing sows, i.e. sows when they are farrowing, bearing piglets', O'Curry 343 (H 3.18, 190b), EIF 532 .

Cf. adannad.

anfud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anfud or dil.ie/3608
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: anbod, tanfad, ainbthe, ainbthe, anfaid, anfod, anfaid, ainbthib

n earlier anbod (intens. of 2 féth or neg. of 3 féth, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 628 , LEIA s.v. anboth). Gender and inflexion doubtful. n s. in tanfad , LL 183a11 . g s. (or g p.) ainbthe, RC xvii 143.21 (Tig.). a s. (or a p.) ainbthe, LU 2980 . g s. anfaid, LU 8498 ( FB 35 ). a s. anfod, LU 9429 . d s. anfaid, Anecd. ii 41 § 17 . d p. ainbthib, Thes. ii 352.5 (Hy. vi). Mod. anḟaithe, O'Rah. 26.3 .

Tempest, storm: féth no anboth gl. navegantium . . . inaequalitas, Ml. 125d11 . ar cech néclind bas eslind / dom chorp co nainbthib hūathaib, Thes. ii 352.5 (Hy. vi) .i. fil co nanbthib, 43 . acht nip forlucht no anfuth (of taking out a boat), Laws iii 210.24 . for feth . . . for anfuth, 212.7 Comm. cia do f[u]air anfad for muir, v 190.y Comm. is mac ainbthe notusmairn `son of storm', RC xvii 143.21 (Tig.). fossod a tond medrach mend / mandra sál fri ainbthe hír, LU 2980 . baíthium a.¤ mílach mend, 3018 . ardomneat anfuth úar, 3019 . báite fairind mo churaig / lasin n-anfod crúaid, 9429 . talgud (= tailciud ?) inna fidbadh . . . la a.¤ tentide di cech le[i]th, Ériu ii 138 § 128 . a.¤ mara, LL 190c30 . Finnai cid lethan a loch / ┐ cid mór a anfod, Metr. Dinds. iv 306.14 . do éirigh anfadh orra, Keat. ii 531 . muir ar n-éirghe anfaidh, DDána 74.19 . do cuir an peisd an uired sin d'anfadh ┐ do combuaidhredh ar an fairce, ZCP xi 144.18 ( BCC 233 ). can tocht re gaith no ar feanfud, Cog. 182.22 . Attrib. g s. Tú mhínigheas an mhuir anfaidh the stormy sea, DDána 13.10 . ? As fixed phrase: a liuthad sodar mhuir anfaidh, SGS xviii 106.27 . go Loch n-anfaidh nUachtair, TD 16.53 .

Fig. in phrases descriptive of a hero, etc.: tonn anfaid, as í a shamhoil, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. v (1919) 93 § 29 . ard-anfud dond dílinne / décsiu Cerbaill chóe[i]m, RC xxix 211 § 4 . tonn is treisi anfadh `wave mightiest in fury', Studies 1920, 418.32 . a réim aithbhe dá hanfadh course of an ebb-tide in its storminess(?), DDána 92.44 . Cf. the compd. do léim tar fhál anfadhaithbhe across the barrier of a stormy ebb-tide(?), DDána 89.7 .

(b) turbulence, fury, rage in general: co ucht anfaid irgaile / re n-ocaib Ulad, LU 8498 ( FB 35 ). cosin flaith find fil fri a.¤ / i fil Dondchad, LL 4992 . cath F. / for coímu in chóicid . . . / og in t-anfad / irrubad Aed Rón is Chonchath, Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 32 ( LL 183a11 ). anfadh cogaidh mhóir i nErinn, AFM ii 1024.11 . aister is fherr anfadh `a most dashing raid', Studies 1920, 418.12 . dín a Dé A. . . . / ar iffern co méit anfaid, LL 199b58 . tainic anfadh an bais chum na baindtigherna = semimortua facta est, Smaointe B. Chr. 3936 . ra érig . . . a.¤ anfóill ecíalla isna ardrigaib, LL 240a14 ( TTr. 1724 ). re hanfadh a ffercc, ZCP viii 224 § 31 . le hanfadh aigeanta, ML 128.14 . mínigh fraoch anfaidh an ḟir, TD 15.50 . íslig . . . grísnimh anfuid th'intinne, O'Gr. Cat. 457.13 . fulang hanfaid, Prolegomena 42 § 9 .

(c) In name of a weapon: lorg anfaid inna láim, LU 5596 (TBC) = lorc anfaith, TBC-I¹ 1113 . tainic in Dagdha ┐ a lorg anfaidh 'na laim, Metr. Dinds. iv 294.22 . Cf. ainbthen.

1 apa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 apa or dil.ie/3855

 

Forms: apae

vn. of *ad-ben, see LEIA Cf. also Celtica i 337 § 6 . Orig. apae io, n. Later m. an t-aba, Bard. Synt. Tr. 17.16 . reason, cause: cid uma bfuilti dubach ? . . . a aba ┐ a adhbar againn, Acall. 963 . in t-aba ó ccantar Ceilbe, Metr. Dinds. iii 54.16 . cid són ar M. fail a morabba (damna v.l.) dam, TBC-LL¹ 149 . fail a mór abba ám dóibsium . . . ciarsat . . . torsig, LL 12066 . fil a abba dó, PH 1961 . cuirfidh go fada soir sinn / ni fhoil ar n-aba a n-Éirinn there is no reason for our being in Ireland, Bard. Synt. Tr. 17.17 . ? it e abbae donacht (abai danocht v.l.) C. . . . di A. i nErend, ZCP xiv 62.12 (cf. 72.7 ). aba .i. adhbhar, O'Cl.

In phrases. i n-a.: ata in aba duit-siu sin do radh you have reason to say that, BB 426b39 . ar a.¤ prep.and adv. phrase. Alliterates with vowel in classical verse (cf. ar aí s. 3 aí). As prep.phrase not to be used in class. verse with a poss. pron. except when a demonstr. follows, see Bard. Synt. Tr. 17.18-25 . Usually folld. by gen. or vn. clause, but may also be folld. by nom., Bard. Synt. Tr. loc. cit. Because of, on account of, for the sake of, etc.: ar a.¤ comruicc fri hēnḟer, TBC-I¹ 2438 . ara.¤ a māthar dīb because his mother was of them, 2247 . ar a.¤ chomlund (comlainn v.l.) oenḟir by dint of, TBC-LL¹ 3197 . foraba ḟledoil, LB 273b69 ( SG 54.28 ). ni arabba a hadartha, 235b1 . ar aba a ḟialusa fris, AFM v 1812.z . dá ngada dhíom ní dhlighe / síodh ar aba th'oirbhire, DDána 67.43 . ar aba an aba (? leg. adbair) shuthain / mór caomhna an chuirp fhréamhdhuthain, Aithd. D. 50.33 . ar aba a huilc, Studies 1921, 76 § 22 . ar aba anma aon deise `to save the lives of any two', ML 106.14 . ná bídh aire énduine . . . re anmuin ar aba ingabála dona huaislib in hopes that these nobles will quit the field, Caithr. Thoirdh. 103.12 . robtar subhaigh . . . ar aba a ttérnuídh tar gach mbaoghal, AFM vi 1922.11 . ar a.¤ a ndernais de drúis, Ériu vii 223 § 35 . Folld. by nom.: ara.¤ a fath tancammar because of the reason we have come(?), TBC-LL¹ 2136 . aicme gan aga ar a neart / an mhaicne ar aba a n-aithcheacht, DDána 60.5 . ? eisdeacht fada as fada dhamh / ar aba an eisdreachd abadh, IGT Decl. ex. 844 . leagar deoch ar áth aga / deoch ar aba cách chuga (sic leg.) he puts aside his drink because his foes are approaching him, Bard. Synt. Tr. 17.22 and notes. snáith t'oige ar aba iomrádh (: ngrádh), 141.20 . Folld. by vn. clause: nach fuighbead bo ar aba in chatha do chur as a result of fighting the battle, SG 50.13 . Note also: ar aba an cheathrair do theacht . . . níor beanadh etc. if the four had not come, Content. vi 89 . ge ead arabba sin tanic confad catha . . . `and yet for all that a rage of battle came . . .', TTebe 1599 .

As adv. phrase nevertheless, however . Perh. orig. ar apu, cf. ar-abu, MU² 1007 ( LU 1510 ). With possess. ara aba, ZCP xiv 214.6 (late). Also ar apaide (resolved by Zimmer, KZ xxx 5 as: ar a.¤ side. Cf. ar aí, araíde under 3 aí). ba mōr a uathmaire ind ḟir; fanōpair-seom araba, TBC-I¹ 467 (= ar apu; arapa, araba, arappaide, MSS, Stories fr. Táin 6 ). comalta ┐ fer bithchotaid dam Cūchulaind. Ragadsa ara.¤ ara chend imbārach, 1539 . nobered cach-ra-cluchi for C. . . . ar a.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1812 . atbert ar abba a ádnocul uair ba rí he, LB 236a12 . cid ed ar abba is duine démnacdu he, PH 2688 . ba comlund cét cirthi cráeb / ara.¤ raforraig Aéd , Ériu v 223.60 (= Metr. Dinds. iv 360 ). ní fhuighe ar aba ní achd neamh, DDána 42.12 . d'fhuiling . . . anfadh fada, / armchladh é ar aba dóibh, Ó Bruad. ii 274.12 . ar apaide: ni[b]-farc[h]elsam a ócu olse ar apaide is mochen dūib nevertheless you are welcome, Sc.M² 5 . iss é óenfer ar apaide adroinni drochternam úadsom, LU 6079 (TBC). aropaidi (sic) roás ind n-imguin foraib, Ériu ii 30 § 15 . arapaidhe (arapaiti, v.l.) is menma comarba, TTr.² 182 . arapaidhe tra rosochtsat in churaid, Anecd. ii 56 § 18 .

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