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2 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 a or dil.ie/3
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: á, e, a, a

In O.Ir. also á (see Celtica ii 339 - 40 ), e ( GOI 285 ). Poss. pron. (proclitic form of , q.v.) of 3 s. m. and n. (leniting), 3 s. f. (geminating) and 3 pl. of all genders (nasalising). When a numeral intervenes between poss. and noun the usage fluctuates. The older is represented by a nda ara. LU 4729 , the later by a da nduma, LL 1541 , where the initial of the noun is mutated independently of the numeral. The poss. of the third person is also used in combinations such as adám my two, adád your two, adár our two. Similarly with trí. See Ériu xi 146 ff. and the numerals , trí.

For the forms in combination with prepositions see the several prepositions.

I Denoting possession, ownership, relationship, connection, etc.

(a) a thuaithe of his folk, Wb. 5a23 . a bullu `His members', 9d4 . a chnámi, 4d15 . á luum `their pilot', 4a14 . irroimed cách a chéele, 6d4 (see céile). ní diá geneluch, Trip.² 78 . a hétach her clothes, TBFr. 232 . a mmod ┐ a fit `her portion', Mon. Tall. 149.14 (§ 60) . inna mbossán, LU 3231 ( SCC § 2 ). al-lorga ┐ a mbachla their croziers, PH 5103 . gan fios a gcéille, Donlevy vi 9 . co cend a seacht mbliadan till he was seven, ZCP xi 134. 31 .

With adjj. used substantivally. iss é a fír `that is the truth of it', BColm. 100.7 . ēill ngēisi . . . cia de bud ferr la hUltu a mbeō na a mmarb do brith dōib, TBC-I¹ 692 (perh. to be referred to II). bit lía a mairb and andat a mbí, LU 8266 ( FB 21 ).

(b) With copula in relative clauses expressing genitival relation ( GOI 321 - 2 ). Cf. issa gl. quorum, Ml. 90c3 . intí asa ainm bís isnaib titlaib, 2c3 . Tenobi ata (= ata a) scél ro-c[h]lotha `of Tenobius whose tidings have been heard', Fél. Aug. 24 . in fer asa erbaid aire, Trip.² 408 . bennachais in ríg bá (= ba a) gaisced he blessed the king whose armour it was, LU 5048 (TBC). an mhaighden-so 'sa hainm an Tnūith this maiden whose name is envy, Desid. 1652 . Occasionally also with intervening adj.: na féle assa fortrén taitnem `of the feasts whose radiance is mighty', Fél. Prol. 330 . ata (= ata a) n-aidbli bríga `whose vigours are vast', Ep. 34. nocon ḟetar cúich in Cu/Culaind asa caini clú, LU 4561 (TBC). Note also: a bronnad aineclann cháich as a aí the honour price of each person who owns it (of a mill), Críth G. 240 , ( GOI 322 ).

With dat. of accompaniment, a oenur, a ndíis, a triur etc., see these words. On the construction tá sé ina ríg see Dillon ZCP xvii 307 ff. and prep. i.

(c) With nouns indicating quantity, portion (of something), likeness, etc. (for fuller treatment see the nouns concerned): ni ro-pheccaig . . . a becc in the smallest degree, PH 2622 . a bheag nó a mhór do thoirthibh, TSh. 3751 . denum-ne a choibes ┐ a macsamla, PH 119 . a thri chomméit three times as much, LU 8248 ( FB 19 ). nochon accasa riam a chutrumma anything to equal it, TBFr. 50 . ní áirmhim a leth nó a thrían gach a fúaras ó sin siar, ZCP viii 220 § 22 . tria tharmcruthugud a letheti `the like of it', PH 3091 . ara lin do gablaibh i fodlait(h)er grā[d] túa[i]the, Críth G. 4 . is e a mét ro-s-lín oman, PH 1121 . a shamail-seo do clochad, 7328 . dā dabaigh décc do lionn maith/a thrí urdāil do deghbraith, ZCP viii 116.1. i n-urmhōr the greater part of them, ML². 1825 . So also with adjj. compounded with com- e.g. a chomglan so, Maund. 22 .

II As objective gen. with vnn. of transitive verbs: á híc `his salvation' (that he has been saved), Wb. 2b11 . a marbad `killing them', 4a12 . ní arilset geinti a fírianugud, `the gentiles have not deserved to be justified' 4d10 . a chomalnad `to fulfil it', 5d10 . ma ad-ced torbe inna thec[h]t `if ye should see benefit in its going' (i.e. in so going), 11b22 . a bronnad, Críth G. 240 . a indarpae `he must be banished', Mon. Tall. 147.32 (§ 54). dénam-ne an degaithris, let us worthily imitate them, ZCP viii 216.15 . dutracht lim a nguidhe I wish to pray to them, Ériu i 226. § 1 . ro-gab Petar uad-som a chairiugud Peter accepted his reproval (of himself) from him, PH 5892 . ada fis . . . araen . . . ada nanfis . . . imaraen, the knowledge . . . ignorance of both of them, Laws iii 276.18 . Hence in construction OC + vn.: occá sirḟegad imme anair, LU 2028 ( FA 10 ). aga thabhairt fo dera coimhéud na bochtaine, RSClára 41a .

With DO introducing agent: massu ed béso mó a fius dúibsi `the knowledge of it that ye have', Wb. 19b11 . act cuit a scribint domsa, 13a23 . ní fitir nech díb for araile a n-imchossait do Bricrind, LU 8251 ( FB 20 ). in pendit nopeinebad ind laoch . . . a denam do a mac tar a cend, Mon. Tall. 163.17 (§ 86) . With LA: ro aduim Sinoip a claí la hErcuil `that she had been defeated', Stair Erc. 1138 . With ó: ro-p áil dó a aimsiugud o diabul, PH 2020 .

With other nouns (with wide variation in the force of the poss.): a lóg the reward for it, Wb. 5d35 . a lúach soin don rí ní rug, IGT Decl. ex. 1271 . ricfaither a les do gille, Sc.M² § 7 (see less). dommanic amh a hadbur cause for it, Ériu v 72.15 . go dtugsad a rige do D. they gave the kingship of it to D., Ériu i 102 § 60 . bid lia turim a chath the combat for him, Sc.M² § 3 . nī cōir a chuma to grieve for him, ACL iii 221.24 . a húamun fear of him, ZCP viii 218 § 20 . co naca fir Erenn . . . a reir uaimsea so that the men of Ireland may see me submitting to him, Ériu v 240.132 . d'fulair a grádh ar hIrúath by imposing love for herself on Herod, Ériu iv 178 § 29 . ferr les a sidh na a cocudh `that he would rather be on peaceful than on hostile terms with them', Stair Erc. 1859 . a aitherrach sin do fregra, Maund. 27 . aenduini nach fuair a soludh who did not profit by him, CCath. 1188 . pontifex a grēc p. is the Greek for it, ZCP viii 113.25 .

As subjective gen. with vnn. of intrans. vbs.: á buid `that it is', Wb. 11d3 . a mbith samlaid, Laws iv 212.2 . a éc he died, Ann. Inisf. 1075.2 . a ndul coríg Locha Léin that they should go, ZCP viii 316.7 . in gabul tirimm a beth fo blath, PH 1317 .

III In prolepsis.

(a) With follg. noun in gen. a dénum in maid sin, Wb. 1d7 . a masse in choirp `its, the body's, beauty', 28c25 . a n-athir inna fer, 4c1 . a ndírmann / in tríir imrádam, Fél. Oct. 11 . a cathim na raod sin, Mon. Tall. 132.22 (§ 13) . a n-andord mac n-Usnig, IT i 72.4 . dia fholcud a chind, TBFr. 256 . romórad dano a ainm Dé ┐ Colmáin, BColm. 54.6 .

Later also with nom.: nipa mor a glanad deitsiu ind chomairle dobeir Findio deit, Mon. Tall. 154.5 (§ 67) . mairg dá dtig a seac[h]na so / an teaghdhais i dtá Íosa, Dán Dé v 31 . a innisin . . . na hoibreacha, RSClára 19a . With follg. DI (partitive): a foróil bess lib dinaib anib, Wb. 16c22 . is mór a thorbe de dúnni, 1a3 .

(b) With abstract noun forming adverbial phrase modifying verb of follg. rel. clause: is e a erat fritammiurat `that is the (lit. its) length of time they will hurt me', Ml. 33a1 . a lére ropridchissi, Wb. 24c17 . ba sed a barbardacht atraachtatar, MU² 494 . ara ḟoillsi ┐ ara imchuibde ro indis scéla Crist, Trip.² 13 . a imisle ro bui sé isin comlunn, Stair Erc. 1134 . a dhoimhne do chuaidh an cló, Dán Dé xxiii 24 . fo bhīthin a onōraighi airmitnighi rothaisspēin a s[h]upāilce mōrthrōcairecha dhōip, Fl. Earls 170.22 . In the follg. the phrase is adjectival rather than adverbial: a lomnachtaighe fhágbhas an bás iad, TSh. 657 . a threise atá an chlí, Dán Dé xxiii 10 .

(c) Anticipating a following clause. With finite verb: is mó a fius deitsiu a ndo-rigeni di maith, Wb. 30a8 . a dérbad co n-id fír na hí atberimsi, PH 2036 . a lorgairecht cionnus congbhaidhther . . ., RSClára 135b . a mheas gur dlisdionach, Donlevy vi 20 . Note also: aní rongéni ho gnimaib á epert, Ml. 31b24 . With vn.: dorucadar a buideachus risna deithib Ercuil d'iaraidh a n-ingine, Stair Erc. 937 . a thecht dim bas d'faghail don te, 2549 . a theacht de sin é do chailleamh an ghill, TSh. 10638 .

Common in compd. prepp., see dáil, 1 degaid, 1 deóin, dochum, éis, 1 muin, 1 son, etc.

1 acht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 acht or dil.ie/200
Last Revised: 2019

 

(freq. act in O. Ir. glosses). See GOI § 908 . Later ach.

I As prep. with accus. (see Ériu xvii 79 , ZCP xxv 237 , Ériu lx 137-42 )

(a) save, except (lit. outside, Thurn.): cách act tiamthe `every one save Timothy', Wb. 23d5 . bacc de echaib a.¤ serrchu, Laws ii 118.9 . a.¤ cuit naige fine, iv 194.26 . roslechtsat do Patric a.¤ cóicḟir all except five bowed to P., Trip.² 1652 . fiche a.¤ sé bliadna i.e. 14 years, LL 15069 . ar di-legad síl Dubthaig Daīl ... acht claind Moathaire 'for [all] the descendants of Dubthach the Beetle were destroyed ... except for the kindred of Mothaire', Aided Echach 96 §4 (g) (h) . di-legath síl Dubthig Dōeltengath and act cethra conchuiriu, Aided Echach 94 § 1​ . achd ré n-aithrighe d'fhagháil save that there was time for repentance, DDána 64.9 .

(b) More freq. after neg. vb. as in: act aní ropridchussa dúib (nothing) save gl. nihil . . . sapietis, Wb. 20b4 . nand asse díchenglad cor mbél . . . inge (acht, MS) nóe curu it is not proper to dissolve contracts . . . except for nine contracts . . . Ériu xvii 66 §§ 4 , 5 .

(c) Hence in sense of Engl. only, merely , etc. (cf. Fr. ne . . . que): ar ni arilsem-ni act dígail for we have deserved only punishment, Wb. 20d14 . ni bí nach dethiden foir act fognam do día his only care is to serve God, 10b9 . ni gessid . . . act búaid precepte, 26a34 . nicon chloor act for caínscél, 23b41 . connaccon bet a.¤ degnimai less so that he may have only good works, Ml. 129a9 . ní rádat som a.¤ bréic ┐ togaís they speak only lies and deceit, 31a18 . in tan nád techtat a.¤ oin aimsir `when they have only one time', Sg. 5a10 . nī fūar a ssēt a.¤ Maire `I have found not her like save Mary', Thes. ii 349.4 (Hy. v). a.¤ fo thri nico rotroisci M. `that M. never fasted but thrice', Mon. Tall. 157.5 (§ 72) muna bed a.¤ don dornsann ní himtecar la suidaib, Laws iv 158.5 . nach ístais biad . . . a.¤ biad Conchobair, IT i 75.15 . conna-ruc a.¤ oīnchois ūaim, Sc.M² 12 . ni boi arm la Hiruath . ... a.¤ bocṡlaitt moir, PH 850 (a.¤ bocslat mor, v.l., ZCP xiv 147.7 ). na déantar lámh dhearg a.¤let none but her be outlawed(?) Dán Dé ix 9 . nach fuil a.¤ talam ┐ luaith san cholainn daonna nothing but earth and ashes, TSh. 432 . gan a.¤ mac tíre 'na sesamh rena brollach only a wolf standing at her breast (instead of her own calf), BNnÉ 164 § 34 . Note also: dearna a láimhe a.¤ a lámh oile / clár do b'áilne snoidhe sain, DDána 32.22 , where a neg. is implied (see notes).

(d) With emphasising nammá, amáin: a.¤ comparit neutair nammá gl. non inuenitur nisi neutri generis, Sg. 41a8 . act seircc ndée tantum (= nammá) gl. non quaerit quae sua sunt, Wb. 12c2 . a.¤ nammá renders Lat. nisi forte, 9d21 , 12c32 . a.¤ éolas nammá, TBFr. 392 . ní thérna díb a.¤ oenchóicer namá, BDD² 1494 . teach . . . cen dorus . . . a.¤ seinistir ┐ forleas namá a house without any door but a window and skylight only, 81 . a.¤ dá angel amáin ní bátar and, LL 291a3 . ní bhí a.¤ an moladh amháin / ní don domhan a.¤ díoláimh `save praise alone', TD 31.8 . a.¤ trōcaire Dé amhāin, Fl. Earls 134.20 .

(e) So also with follg. mad (cf. acht má as conjunction infra): a.¤ mad a claind `unless it be her (own) children' (gl. docere autem mulieri non permitto), Wb. 28b13 . ni ruc . . . claind . . . a.¤ mad óeningin, IT i 130.14 . nád aithgainethar . . . a.¤ mad indred n-indligthech, Críth G. 564 . noco ria nech dib ar éc . . . a.¤ mad Essu ┐ Caleb, SR 4732 . a.¤ mad aenfer, Anecd. i 63 § 115 . indis dam firindi, riam nucha n-ebartais a.¤ mad guth ceart, Fen. 156.21 . ni bhíodh neach aga ghoire a.¤ madh na hoighe allaid `save only the deer', ZCP i 64 § 57 .

(f) Hence in adv. phrase a.¤ (mad) becc lit. except (but only) a little, hence almost: combo marb a.¤ bec until he was almost dead, LU 3290 ( SCC 8 ). a mboi de ór . . . oca a.¤ becc almost all the gold they had, PH 999 . fāsughudh C. . . . a.¤ becc `almost total devastation', RC xvii 384.23 (Tig.). corloiscit cella fer Midhi a.¤ mad becc, 389.7 .

II As conjunction

(a) In sense save only that, except that (folld. by nasalising rel. clause in O.Ir., see GOI § 503 ) (freq. with nammá): ro legsat canóin amal rundalégsam-ni a.¤ ronda-sáibset-som tantum `they have read the Scripture text as we have read it save only that they have perverted it', Ml. 24d24 . accobor la mmenmuin maid do imradud act nandléicci concupiscentia carnalis , Wb. 3d13 . Borg Emna ro tetha / a.¤ mairte a clocha `save that its stones remain', Fél. Prol. 194 . is bēlra dligthech concanat, a.¤ nat aithgnet cluasa dōine, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . a.¤ nach deachaidh tar muir Manann, riámh ní rosgabh rí ba fearr, Keat. ii 5755 . So also in the following (where rel. not marked): haue a.¤ ro noebad / do Dunlang `a grandson, save that he has been hallowed, of D.', Fél. April 11 . manid caindleóracht in tige as ail duit do chosnamh a.¤ namá bid mó bas loscud don tig oldás bas suillse don tegluch except that the house is more likely to catch fire than its inmates to get light, LU 9197 ( FB 92 ). conrotacht . . . a tech . . . fo chosmailius na Cráebrúadi . . . a.¤ nammá ro derscaigestar a tech so . . . do thigib inna hamsiri, 8046 ( FB 1 ). coro ṡollsigset in catraig na dluma derga . . . a.¤ ni loisctís nech nama without however burning anyone, LB 152b41 .

(b) With má, mani, cé (see Vendryes, Ériu xvi 21f. ). With má except if, unless: act ma chotchela gl. numquid Israhel non cognouit, Wb. 5a9 . act massu made in chretem rochretsid gl. nisi frustra credidistis, 13a34 . act mad melltach lassin fer `unless it be agreeable to the husband', 9d17 . act mad óentu dúib occa gl. ex consensu, 9d22 . tír Cannain . . . / nista . . . / a.¤ ma rannait . . . / for meic iar for n-adnacul unless your sons divide it SR 4735 . ní dligther fothud a thige do neoch . . . a.¤ ma ḟrisnasar a ḟlaith, Críth G. 79 . nocho chumcaid-si imchaisin Críst a.¤ ma blasti bás ar thús, Trip.² 1147 . ní talla a léni de a.¤ mad fria huaim `he may not take off his shirt except it be to stitch it', Ériu vii 140 . Note also: a.¤ má dothísad Arddrí secht nime dó ní reg-sa, Trip.² 1354 .

(c) With mani except if . . . not. So in some early exx., but later = a.¤ má or mani: a.¤ manidchomalnid a rropridchad dúib gl. nisi forte reprobi estis (you show that God is in you except you fulfil not what has been preached to you, Wb. 18b7 . ni ba messi dogena a.¤ manimléicther ind it is not I who will do it unless I am not allowed in i.e. provided I am not forbidden to enter, RC xxv 26.9 . noco mberthar uaimse ait na halma ass (leg. a.¤ Vendryes, loc. cit.) manip aúrderg limsa, LU 5029 (TBC) unless I do not consider them visible i.e. worthy of being seen (Vendryes). a.¤ minab edrud ┐ grian, `provided it be not between thee and the sun', Ériu viii 122.28 . In follg. exx. = a.¤ má, a.¤ mani: ni segar baithis acht menip dóig bes marb in gein unless the child seems likely to die, Ériu ii 208 § 32 . fotdáilfind i n-ilpartib . . . a.¤ manibad F. were it not for F. LU 5673 (TBC). ?is mesi . . . dliges a caurathmir a.¤ mani brister anfír form unless I am treated unfairly, LU 8986 ( FB 74 ). ni raga ass . . . a.¤ manit ainge ben unless a woman protect you, 3352 ( SCC 14 ). ní maith duit imthecht t'oenur a.¤ mani[d] dáil fir no thēig, Fing. R. 91 . acht mana maidi in talam found unless the ground breaks under us, TBC-I¹ 3577 = mono thaeth (muna maidhi, muna maoighthfe v.ll.), TBC-LL¹ 5975 . ni ra cotail C. risin re sin, a.¤ mani chotlad fithisin ṁbic . . . C. did not sleep during that time except for a little while, 2473 = a.¤ mad mani chotlad, LU 6338 . nach fer gentor a.¤ mona bentar a cend de unless his head is cut off, RC xii 88 § 99 . a.¤ mana bera lat in topur so `unless you take away this well', Lism. L. 4669 . a.¤ muna faghbam ní dar cobair orra sin ní bia duine a mbethaid unless we can find something to protect us from them there will not be a person alive, Acall. 6174 . ní dénann urchóitt do neach acht mona derna nech urcóit di, Maund. 33 . nad ḟetar-sa . . . act manip íat in Galían, CRR 11 . a.¤ munab í M. th' iarraidh, Eachtra Uill. 4300 .

(d) With cia even though, even if: act ci nip lour `even though it be not sufficient', Wb. 11d15 . nach facamur riamh roimhi, / a.¤ gér cian ar comnoide though long has been our sojourn, Ériu iv 114.32 . tu easbal dob annsa leis /. . ./ a.¤ ger ionmhuin gach easbal, Dán Dé i 9 . ba menmarc leis co mberadh buaidh a.¤ ge bhadar ced fan fer `he wished to defeat them even though they were a hundred to one', Stair Erc. 1471 . acht gidh mór do maith doronuis co ró-so, ZCP vi 67.8 . for imegla a bhāssaigthe a.¤ ge ro baoi i n-a Pāpa, Fl. Earls 206.20 . a.¤ gér laoch mear even though he was a swift warrior, LBranach 7210 . Samson, a.¤ gér chalma a neart, Éigse iv 188.71 .

(e) In conditional sense if only, provided that (folld. in O. Ir. by perfective subj. except where an impossible condition is implied, see GOI § 904 ): bíth and beos acht ropo i tuil dée `let him still abide therein provided it be in God's will', Wb. 10a25 . act ní arbarat biuth inna túari provided they eat not the foods, 10c1 . bid maith mo menmese act rocloor for cáinscéilsi `my mind will be glad provided I hear good news of you', 23d2 . atá comeisseírge act rocretem oipred dæ, 27a15 . ni imned lim act rop Crist pridches, 23b24 . buí cara damsa isin tírsea . . . a.¤ rofeasmais conair dá thig if only we knew the way to his house, BDD² 262 . a.¤ rop coir ní gellas, Críth G. 505 . a.¤ ropom airdric-se (ropa airdercsa LU), maith lim cen co bend buan acht oenlaa, TBC-I¹ 571 . ata lasna tuati beith lór dóib do ascnam nime acht doratat ní dona hanmchairtib (sic leg.) `the lay folk deem it enough to win a place in heaven if only they have given something to their confessors', Mon. Tall. 141.16 (§ 35) . doémat na trī sailm-sea . . . acht rogabthar gach dīa, ZCP iii 30.23 . With non-perfective vb.: a.¤ ni bed úall and `if only there were no pride in it', Wb. 10b27 . nico mórbrig laisim and a.¤ ní cometestar dond accobar `he counts it no great matter provided there be no yielding to desire', Mon. Tall. 152.7 (§ 63) . a.¤ com-messind-se mo maccu nī diṅgentais do chride chrád if only I were able to control my sons, Fing. R. 498 . Note also: noco nindligthech do gin co tuca abad acht techtugad do breith `provided that he has brought the means of taking possession', Laws iv 4.15 .

(f) Similarly with follg. co n-: ríge láech nErend . . . dait . . . a.¤ co nderna mo chomarlisea provided thou do, LU 8114 ( FB 8 ). a.¤ cor damthar fír fer dam ol sé atbér, 9213 (94) . a.¤ co rabat glinni mo diṅgbála ria provided there are sureties to satisfy me, MU² 64 . a.¤ co nde[r]nat maith / flaith uaidib co bráth, Trip.² 1798 . cretfemit do Christ a.¤ co ro-fhindamm a nert, PH 345 . nis-fil do plāig . . . for bith nachus-bera sin for cūlu, a.¤ corup léir guidter Dia occai, RC xii 430 § 21 . With non-perfective vb.: asbert . . . nod lemad a mbrethugud a.¤ co ndaimtis nammá fora breith, LU 9012 ( FB 76 ). dá fessed a.¤ combad fer ulcach nod ngonad no mairfedsom he ind (mixed constr.) 6110 (TBC). cuma a dteasda uan dom aois / gan suan feasda a.¤ go bhféadmaois, Dán Dé xvii 5 . a cōir féine a.¤ go bhfagha / ni dóigh Éire i n-aontamha, TD 24.1 . Hence as soon as: act arroilgither ind epistilse dúibsi berthir úaib Laudocensibus gl. et cum lecta fuerit apud vos aepistola [haec] facite ut et in L. aeclesia legatur, Wb. 27d13 . aiggelat sa hé a.¤ co roisc int oirned as soon as the ordination is ended, RC xlii 134 § 9 . acht co ndernair hoc rechtair romhat dochum an prainntighe, RC xxvi 374.1 . With non-perfective vb.: ragat a.¤ co fiasur in n-airm atá I will go as soon as I know where he is, LU 3373 ( SCC 17 ). bérthar cainnli duit acht co tumthar, Lism. L. 1996 .

(g) In adversative sense but: énirt a cocubussom . . . act nosnerta in sonirt, Wb. 10c3 . coir irnigde tra inso act ní chumcamni, 4a27 . robatar leosom eter desciplu . . . act dorigénsat in descipuil dechor etarru, 7d10 . cenél Maicc Ercae as tressam . . . a.¤ nochon follamnaiget amal ardrígu, Trip.² 1064 . lánsíth i nHérinn . . . a.¤ buí imneissi chatha iter dá Chorpre, BDD² 230 .

(h) Often introducing a positive clause oppd. to a preceding neg. one or vice versa: ni imdibe dualche . . . act is imdibe colno, Wb. 21b11 . conibé eter in peccato act co beid in pænitentia , 9b2 . ní bo ar seirc móidme act conrobad torbe dúibsi triit, 17a13 . ní dron act is diuit et is glé, 17b4 . ni ar Abracham . . . a.¤ is diar foirbthetuni, 2d2 . ni delb ad-rorsat act is cosmulius delbe, 1b19 . ba torad saithir dúun . . . act ní bad nertad na mbraithre, 10c21 . is hé láech is áildem . . . a.¤ níba s[h]uthain, TBFr. 5 . ni hainfis a.¤ día necar doniam indnos it is not in ignorance, but to set them forth that we proceed in this way, Mon. Tall. 154.27 (§ 66) . co rrabe . . . cen dig cen biad, a.¤ 'co immorchor ón taíb co araile, Sc.M² 3 . In sense at all events, however: mór di ḟertaib . . . doróne . . . acht aisnédfimne úaiti do ilib díb, Trip.² 110 . nī himda persa . . . is fessach crēd . . . in bāss geipit, acht nī thernoighit tar aiss amach go bráth, Fl. Earls 70.31 . Note also: munup do saighe selbha a.¤ for ecin `unless he seizes land by force only', Laws iv 26.16 Comm. nídnanaid a crothad nach a flescad a.¤ a nidi `it is no protection to shake or beat it, but only to wash it', Mon. Tall. 155.2 (67) . ná dearbh as a.¤ go hairech, Content. vi 27 .

(i) On cases where the prec. neg. sentence contains a word meaning only: ni hed a méit nonchretidsi act fodaimid fochidi airi `not only do ye believe it but ye endure sufferings therefor', Wb. 23c7 . nípat hé . . . nammá beite isind inducbáil sin a.¤ bieit cit geinti, 4c40 . nirbo chuit eperte tantum act robatar cid ferte dia imthrenugud, 24c5 . ni namá na duile aicside do chumscugud . . . a.¤ ro-chumscaigit gráda nime, PH 152 .

(j) In the idiom a.¤ ní . . . ní not only not . . . but not (cf. sech): a.¤ ní ructaisseom airesom ní rucadsom foraibsom not only could they not get away from him but he could not catch up with them, BDD² 300 and note. a.¤ nis leicim nis étaim, TBC-LL¹ 2334 (= sech LU). a.¤ ni trebad ni coimge, Metr. Dinds. iv 332.36 . a.¤ ni gonab-sa ni gonfa-sa mo moindter-sa, Ériu v 32.23 . a.¤ ní mó a cách ní lugu `not only is it not increasing but it is not less', Otia ii 81.2 . In positive constr.: acht ba dimdach ba debthach, SR 5688 . atbert in drui: a.¤ saerfaithir do mathair doberthar duit na bú as well as freeing your mother the cows will be given to you, IT i 40.x . Note also: a.¤ ní buaid a denam imbáruch is mó is dimbúaid a denam innocht, TBC-LL¹ 1866 .

(k) With cia: cindas rainnfither in mucc . . . cīa indas . . . a.¤ a-rann ar chomramaib in what other way, Sc.M² § 6 . cid, ol si, acht maillechut-sa tú co sír, PH 8262 . Introducing a phrase: cid fil ann didiu (sic leg.) a.¤ amal itcualae, PH 834 . cid fil ann immorro acht ni dechaidh aonnech ina ndocum, Stair Erc. 449 . Note also: aní ná roich lám, cid a.¤, / is écen dam a dúthracht, LU 3935 (`yet' SCC § 44 ).

(l) As quasi-conjunction in idioms with cen (gan): gan é a.¤ i naois ōiglenaib `seeing he was but of young child's age', O'Gr. Cat. 381.13 . gan lios . . . a.¤ lán do dhoire dharach, TD 28.7 . gan duine a.¤ ag dol ar séad, Dán Dé ix 34 . gan duine . . . do dol faoi . . . acht le custam do dhīol `that no one should go under it without paying custom', Fl. Earls 90.4 . brugh. loch. Lugh inand ghabhaid a.¤ gan illradh ag Lugh, IGT Decl. p. 81 § 29 . Note also: ní fuil mac Gaoidhil ná Goill / a.¤ lán dá éanghrádh uile, TD 17.57 . ní bhí leó a urdail a.¤ d'ór /. . ./ cinn a bhfagha suaine a sleagh / nó truaille tana dtroigheadh `they have not so much as the heads of their javelins . . . but is gold', 9.29 .

In introductory phrases: a.¤ chena is alaind cech nderg, LU 3914 ( SCC 43 ). gabhuis Columcille in salm . . . acht cena ni rolegh-som acht aibghiter namá cosin, Lism. L. 823 . a.¤ nammá atáa mí nád n-imthet rí a.¤ cethrur however there is a month when a king goes about accompanied by four only, Críth G. 535 . acht atá ní chena, bar F., is fiach fola ┐ feola dó-som é, TBC-LL¹ 2989 . See also cena. cid (trá) a.¤, cid fil and (trá) a.¤ etc., see trá II(b). a.¤ (mad) énní however, nevertheless, at all events: achtmadh enní, do marbhadh ceithre fir décc [dibh], AFM v 1328.4 . acht aenni, do bitis debtha dermara eturro, Ann. Conn. 1315.4 . acht aen ni . . . bemitt ar aenconair, 1315.8 .

III As subst. ise cuit in achta ann this is the function of the word `acht' in that passage, O'D. 745 (H 3.17 col. 541) (possibly to be referred to 2 acht).

ada(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ada(e) or dil.ie/254

 

adj I Adj. io, iā due, fitting, suitable: nephadae gl. nefas, Ml. 119a11 . adæ .i. ad-dee .i. dīr do Dīa, Corm. Y 67 . níbá hada rí co n-anim hi Temraig, LU 4056 . [n]i hadha (.i. dliged) dom anmuin apairt romnett `not due to my soul is the deed that has quelled me', Ériu ii 3.3 . teacht mís Marta a M. . . ./ do rígh Uladh ní hadha, Leb. Cert. 24.4 . cus in iarumdighe is adha dlechtuin don fir fine, Laws ii 282.29 Comm. areir in caich dana hadha in riaradh, i 286 z Comm. = agda, 288.1 . nir ba hadha do beith i Temair, MR 4.13 . ní hadha dhúin biadh ind fhir genntlidisea do tomailt, Lism. L. 1462 . ni hadha leosum fir a n-áeintig fria dathugud édaig, 4065 . noca nadha pennaid leo do liaigh, Ériu xii 16 § 20 n. 6 . cor imm Crúachuin día Samna / ní hadha acht is éttarba, PRIA liv (C) 18.104 . luid Odras 'na hiarn-gait / iarmairt nárbu ada, Metr. Dinds. iv 198.38 . Used attributively: rochind a aided n-ada / fo chlaideb in Galgatha, SR 5675 . delm n-ada, 4069 . ai eadha `lawful case', Ériu xvii 72.14 n. 1 . ?no sceinm a.¤ na suisti `the proper bound of the flail', Laws v 158.19 Comm.

adj II Also subst. io, [n.] that which is fitting .

(a) Of the prerogatives and perquisites of a king (as opposed to airgart): cúig aurgarta rígh Laighen . . . at iatt a adha immorro: mess Almuine . . . these, however, are his dues the mast of Allen . . ., PRIA liv (C) 12.4 . dénatt désheircc ar Día ndil / is léor d'adhaib cach óeinfhir, 22.148 . cadeat ada flatha ┐ cuirmthige costud im dagḟlaith, lassamna do lochrannaib, Tec. Corm. § 4.1 . adha ┐ aurgarta na rígh, ZCP iv 237.36 . fili . . . nach fiasara adha . . . na rig so, Leb. Cert. 6.24 . aga .i. buada, O'Curry 969 (H 3.18, 416). adha .i. buadha, Stowe Gl. 226 . Note also: ni ro hingabad geis leo ┐ ni ro hadradh ada they did not avoid taboos or cleave to customary dues, CCath. 1166 . ro imbir fair dano cach ada aili ba dir do imbirt for tarb idparta, 959 .

(b) In more general sense of appurtenances, accoutrements etc.: cach n-ada as ada do ócaib oc comruc, MU² 966 . dofuctha adai na fleidi the appropriate things for a feast, IT i 311.34 . atberim frib . . ./ ada, buada, belltaine / coirm, mecoin . . ., Hib. Min. 49.4 . carna, cuirm, cnoimes, cadla / it e ada na Samna, .20 . is iat a ada olla / stuic, cruitti cuirn chróes-tholla (of an oenach), Metr. Dinds. iii 18.233 . Note also: ada usce nosbera, LB 228 marg. sup. (see Pref. p. 39).

ad-annai

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-annai or dil.ie/297
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: adannaí, asidannai, adannat, ad-andaither, adantar, adaind, adhannaitis, -adandad, -rohadanta, adandaba, adand, adnai, adrann, and, atrandsat, adrannad, hadnad, adannaid, adnaid, adannta, adannad, adnad, adaint

v ( ad-and-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 457 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. adannaí, Trip.² 451 . rel. asidannai, Trip.² 458 . 3 pl. adannat, Triads 86 . Pass. sg. ad-andaither (adainter, v.l.), BDD² 1408 . adantar , Anecd. iii 34.9 . Ipv. 2 s. adaind, Corm. Y 825 . Indic. impf. pass. pl. adhannaitis, Ériu ii 100 § 4 . Subj. impf. 3 s. -adandad, TTebe 582 . Pass. sg. -rohadanta, Anecd. iii 34.6 . Fut. 3 s. adandaba (atandafa v.l.), ZCP xiii 379.10 . pret. and perf. 3 s. adand, Gael. 50, 124 ( Blathm. 113 ). adnai, BB 414b27 . adrann, SR 7921 . ro and , LL 184a15 . 3 pl. atrandsat, Immrama 54 § 7 . Pass. sg. adrannad (adrandad v.l.), Fél. Apr. 5 . ro hadnad , Ériu xii 190 .y (TE2). Later also as simple vb. adannaid, adnaid.

Part. adannta.

Vn. adannad, adnad and later adaint. IGT Verbs §§ 45,46 .

(a) kindles, lights (usually trans.): im burach do thene . . . .i. cin in tenid (? -ed) adannai, Laws i 170.21 Comm. de aibritiud atarann in tene muindtir cluana mac Nois from the moment when the fire burned the monks of C.(?), Mon. Tall. 162.25 (§ 85) . conid on tene sin ro hadnad cach primtene i nHérinn, Dinds. 7 ( RC xv 297 ). adantar tene coisecra leo, Anecd. iii 34.9 . acloid adannuigh caindle, O'D. 2192 ( Nero A. vii fo. 134a ). bruth aeoir . . . no adannfad in domun, CCath. 1030 . amal diaid thúsi adantar i n-edpairt duit, PH 7109 . Nás aga do hadhnadh `he has burned Naas', Studies 1920, 418.16 . teine . . . ní hé Día adhnas í, Párl. na mB. 3296 . adhantor ┐ shoillsigther . . . ē (of a torch), Fl. Earls 34.z . causes to blush: créad lér hadhnadh a ghruaidh ghlan, TD 8.31 . gruadh adhanta nár hadhnadh `a glowing cheek that never was made to blush', 27.42 . illuminates, inspires: recht(t) crettme adannai amail ron(n)gab recht Adamnáin, Críth G. 524 . ra hadnad é . . . o fhis ┐ o fhaistine, TTebe 4144 . ? adainter fri cuimne senchad indraice, Laws iv 140. y .

(b) stirs up, incites: tri oible adannat seirc, Triads 86 . tumais rínd a roisc . . . índ ┐ adnai a serc ina cridiu, BB 414b27 . adantair serc . . . ind oclaich fá hucht din ingin, LL 221a12 . ( TTr. 284 ). fearg ro hadnad tretha de, Ériu xii 190. y (TE2). ro hadh[an]nadh bruth ┐ brígh i cridib na M., CCath. 1884 . rahadandait ferga . . . isna feraib, TTebe 4488 . ro and brónbríg in tan ro dall mōrríg Mide, Arch. Hib. ii 72 § 32 ( LL 184a15 ). gan éinní . . . do adhainfeadh mh' anthoil, Desid. 1099 . glár far hadhnadh oirbhire, DDána 90.16 . Aodh mag Uidhir adhnus goimh `kindler of grief', Gadelica 13 § 16 . osna charad . . . aoibhil adhanas anbhuain `spark enkindling restlessness', Ó Bruad. ii xvi 1 . . ná hadhain troid, Dánfhocail 176 . roghaimh Dé do hadhnadh as the great anger of God was kindled from it (of Pharaoh's destruction in the Red Sea), DDána 31.12 . laogh ar shlabhradh ghlas 'n-a ghlaic / ar hadhnadh as do b'orrdhraic i.e. what resulted from it was famous, 80.26 .

(c) sets going, begins (cf. ad-aig): baithes Pátraic prímdae / adrannad i n-hÉre, Fél. Apr. 5 . .i. ro tindscnad, Fél.² lxxi gl. 5 . ro hadhnadh a cluichi caintech `his funeral games were started', RC xxiv 184.16 . adrand (atrann, adhrann v.l.) a theora eigme ass, Fing. R. 562 ( LL 270b44 ). But see ? ad-ranna.

(d) Intrans. cia lin na retlann adrann how many stars shone? SR 7921 . in trath adnus in re, Celtica ii 75.171 . adhnaidh teach don toigh re a thaoibh, TD 1.46 . is andsan alt cétna adnus an tesga, O'Gr. Cat. 300.37 . ár is hí an aibhill assa nadhana breo (of a poet), O'D. 1217 (H 2. 15, p. 85a). adannaid ann . . . accobar na flatha nemdai, PH 5466 . ro aghain ┐ ro áirdéirigh cogadh, ALC i 2.15 . Perh. also: m'athair ba húa do Abrám / int Abram adrann o chein / nir bunad fann do Challdéib, SR 3303 . cain adrann cach tucht rothecht / intan ruc in primchinnecht (of Jacob), 2919 .

Cf. andaid.

ad-cí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-cí or dil.ie/391
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ad-rodarcar, atchíu, adcíu, atchim, -accu, -accim, -airciu, -airchiu, adchí, atch, -accai, -aci, adchí, adcíi, atobc, adcí, asidc, -aicci, adciam, adchiam, asidciam, -accam, -aciam, atchíd, -accid, adciat, -acat, -aiccet, adcither, adchither, -acastar, -accastar, -aiccesdar, ad-rodarcar, adroarcar, atchiter, -aicind, atchíd, asitchid, atcitis, atchíthe, -aictea, atcítis, ad-cear, atcheur, -accur, -accar, -aicer, -aiccither, -aiccther, -accadar, -acathar, -accamar, adced, adceter, -accatar, adcethar, atcethar, -accastar, -accaister, -arcastar, atcheind, -accinn, atchethe-su, madattceththae, madhcethea, adcheth, atchet, -aiced, -accad, adcethe, adchetis, -accaitis, adcethe, -aiccitis, -accus, condas-chichi, dom-chich, -accigi, at-chichset, -aiccichet, atatchigestar, atchichestár, atcichead, -aiciged, acciged, adcichitis, -acca, -acca, adcita-acae, -acae, -acce, -aicci, -accai, -accamar, -accatar, adchess, adchess, matcias, -aiccess, -acus, atchessa, -aicessa, atchondarc, atconnarcsu, atcondarccaisiu, atchonnarcaisthi, ad-condairc, adus-connarcmar, adchondarcid, atcondarcatar, atchonnarctar, o'tchondarcatar, dochiu, dochim, -bhfaicim, -feicim, dochi, -ḟacci, -bhfaice, -feicenn, dochi, -acend, -fhaccend, -faic, dochiam, atchiamait, atciamaid, dochímíd, atchíthi, do-chíthí, -facthi, atcíat, atchíd, adchiad, dochíd, dochiat, -faicit, dociter, -aicter, -bhfaicthear, rocíter, nachataicim, faiceam, faicthear, do-chíodh, -faiceadh, adcíadhmais, -bfaicmís, -bfaicti, dochíthe, -faicte, -faictis, do-chear, -bhfaicear, -accar, -faccur-sa, -accara, -faccara, -accera, -acatar, -faicea, -facaid, -bhfaiceam, -acat, -faicit, -fhaicet, -feictea, atchised, -bhfaiceadh, -faicsimmis, -faicmis, -faictis, -aiciste, -haicesda, atchicera, atíchera, -aircechasa, adidracacha, atcichfe, chíchsiom, adachichisthi, atichistisi, atchichither, -aicigther, atcithsead, chichsiodh, atchichesta, chíeabh, -aiciub, -feiceab, nodcífi, do-chífe, atchífir, dochifir, -faicfe, dochífe, -aicfe, -acéb, ḟaiccbe, -faccéga, -faigfe, -faicfe, -faicfid, attcífem, -faicfeam, dochífide, -faicfide, atchífit, docífitt, -ffaicfit, atcífider, -accfither, -aicfider, dochífear, adcíthfend, dochífeadh, atchífeadh, -aicfed, dochífidís, -faicfitis, itcífea, dacitfidhi, atconnac, dochunnuc, dochonnarc, idconnarcos, -facca, -faccu, -facus, -facadhas, atchonnarcais, adconnacuis, daconncadais, atchonncais, doconncais, -faccais, -facadais, -acaghois, diconnairc, atchonnaic, rachonnaic, -facca, -faccae, -facae, -facai, -facaid, -accaig, -agaid, -facais, atchoncamar, choncamar, -facamar, atconncabar, -facabar, -faccabair, atconncatar, dochoncatar, -facadar, -acaiset, doces, doconnarcas, atcondcas, cunncus, condcas, -aices, -facas, -accas, -facus, -facessa, aicsiu, (f)aicsin

v sees. Frequ. (outside O. Ir. Glosses) at-c(h)í with meaningless infix. pron., in rel. with inf. pron. sometimes also as-. Prot. stem -a(i)cc-. In O. Ir. with depon. inflexion in subj. pres. and with redupl. future. For active inflexion in subj. see Celt. Verb 138 . In pret. active prot. forms only are found, the conjunction co n- being used where no other conjunct particle is present (deuterotonic forms occur in pass.). In perf. deut. with root -derc- and perfective -com- (ad-condarc etc.). There is no special perf. form after conj. particles. Note also ad-rodarcar can be seen , Sg. 172a2 . In later lang. ad- (at-) is gradually replaced by do- and the conj. stem acquires inorganic f-, giving the forms do-chí, -faic-, both with b-fut.. In past tense the general independent form is ad-(do-) chonnai(r)c (from the perf.), the form after conj. particles -(f)ac(c)- (from the pret.), both with endings of the s-pret..

Early forms: Indic. pres. 1 s. atchíu, LU 4535 . adcíu (3 syll.), ACL iii 297 § 46 . atchim, Ériu ii 166.50 . -accu, MU² 1011 (LU). -acciu, LU 5347 . -accim, 6117 . With ro, -airciu, 6213 (? leg. -airchiu, GOI § 535b ). 2 s. adchí, Fél. Prol. 150 . atch, IT i 81.18 . -accai, Ml. 17b17, 25b14 . -aci, Sg. 15b6 ; Thes. ii 21.37 . 3 s adchí, Wb. 4a25 . adcíi, 12c11 . atobc, 25a26 . adcí, Sg. 149b6 . With inf. pron. 3 s. m. in rel. constr. asidc, Ériu ii 208 § 27 . -aicci, Ml. 94c3 . 1 pl. adciam, Wb. 6a30 ; Ml. 16c5; 112b12 . rel. adchiam, Ml. 42b22; 112b13 . With inf. pron. 3 s. asidciam, Ml. 2b4 . -accam, Ml. 111d1 . -aciam, Thes. ii 31.23 . 2 pl. atchíd, LU 9987 . -accid, Ériu ii 106 § 19 . 3 pl. adciat, Ml. 69b2; 103b13 . -acat, 93d14 . -aiccet, LL 13853 . Pass. sg. adcither. Wb. 1b15 . adchither, 12c12 . -acastar, 25b28 . -accastar, 26a12 . -aiccesdar (-aiccestar v.l.), ACC § 34 . (See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 488 and GOI § 609 ). Note also ad-rodarcar, Sg. 172a2 . Laws i 230.11 Comm. adroarcar, O'Curry 2294 ( Eg. 88, 22 (23)a) . Pl. atchiter, Ériu ii 106 § 19 .

Indic. impf. 1 s. -aicind, Metr. Dinds. iii 310.84 . 3 s. atchíd, TBFr. 217 . With inf. pron. 3 s. in rel. constr. asitchid, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 91.16 ). 3 pl. atcitis, Mon. Tall. 147.14 (§ 52) . Pass. sg. atchíthe, LU 3452 ( SCC § 23 ). -aictea, RC xlvi 239.3 . Pl. atcítis, CCath. 873 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. ad-cear, Thes. ii 293.6 . rel. atcheur, Ériu ii 89 § 2 . -accur, Fing. R. 95 . -accar, ZCP viii 120.16 . -aicer, TBFr. 21 § 22 . 2 s. -aiccither, Anecd. iii 57.19 . -aiccther, TBC-I¹ 1556 . at-ce-su, Ériu xix 12 § 6 . 3 s. -accadar, Wb. 16d6 . Ml. 53a6 . -acathar, 68b9 . 1 pl. -accamar, TBFr. 195 . 2 pl. adced, Wb. 11b22 . 3 pl. (unless pass. pl.) adceter, Ml. 3a4 . -accatar, TBFr. 294 . Pass. sg. adcethar, Ériu iii 104 § 39a . atcethar, vii 150 § 20 . -accastar, Ml. 50a5 . -accaister, LU 6889 . ?With ro: -arcastar, O'Dav. 109 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. atcheind, TBC-LL¹ 4142 . -accinn, Trip.² 2436 . 2 s. atchethe-su, Trip.² 269 . (with má) madattceththae, IT i 144.21 = madhcethea, ZCP v 501.34 . 3 s. adcheth, Ml. 38c9 . atchet, Ériu v 30.17 . -aiced, LU 3733 . -accad, 4616 . 2 pl. adcethe, Wb. 19b6 . 3 pl. adchetis, BDD² 446 . -accaitis, Ml. 32d12 . Pass. sg. adcethe, Ml. 77d8 . Pl. -aiccitis, BDD² 627 .

Fut. 1 s. ? -accus, RC xii 110 § 167 . 2 s. condas-chichi (sic leg.: Liphi, see GOI § 655 ), Ériu vi 122 § 6 . 3 s. ?dom-chich (domcife, cotomchichfea v.ll.), ACC § 143 ( RC xx 416 ). -accigi, Trip.² 1503 . 3 pl. at-chichset, Ériu iii 30 § 10 . -aiccichet, Trip.² 1841 . Pass. sg. atatchigestar, Ml. 59c12 . atchichestár, LU 2760 .

Cond. 3 s. atcichead, BDD² 125 . -aiciged, TBC-I¹ 813 = acciged, LU 5336 . 3 pl. adcichitis, Wb. 7a2 .

Pret. 1 s. -acca, IT i 120.24 . 2 s. -acca, Sc.M² § 11 . 3 s. adcita-acae, Tur. 60 . (see Thes. i 488 n. b ). -acae, Ériu ii 222.27 . -acce, BDD² 156 . -aicci, Trip.² 264 . -accai, 265 . 1 pl. -accamar, Mon. Tall. 148.6 (§ 55) . 3 pl. -accatar, Wb. 26b11 . Pass. sg. adchess, Wb. 23c11 . adchess, Ml. 96d1 . ? matcias, Mon. Tall. 141.27 (§ 36) . -aiccess, Thes. ii 253.2 (Stowe Missal). -accas, TBFr. 258 . -acus, BDD² 238 . Pl. atchessa, Thes. ii 354.9 (Hy. vii). -accassa, TBC-I¹ 1413 . -aicessa, LU 10058 .

Perf. 1 s. atchondarc, Ml. 113b6 . 2 s. atconnarcsu, LU 5142 = atcondarccaisiu, TBC-I¹ 659 . atchonnarcaisthi, Trip.² 223 . 3 s. ad-condairc, Thes. i 488.23 (Tur.) ad-chondairc, 493.21 (ib.). 1 pl. adus-connarcmar, BDD² 473 . 2 pl. adchondarcid, Anecd. i 43.z . 3 pl. atcondarcatar, Laws ii 326.13 . atchonnarctar, Trip.² 1017 . o'tchondarcatar, 2641 .

Later forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. dochiu, Ó Bruad. ii 56.5 . dochim, ZCP vi 36.12 . -bhfaicim, -feicim, Acall. 6771 . DDána 6.6 2 s. dochi, CF 790 . -ḟacci, TBC-LL¹ 233 . -bhfaice, Keat. ii 5398 . -feicenn tú, ZCP vi 56.25 . 3 s. dochi, Lec. 185rb11 . -acend, LU 3988 ( SCC § 45 ). -fhaccend, MU² 640 . -faic, ZCP vii 303 § 11 . 1 pl. dochiam, PH 8130 ; DDána 26.2 . atchiamait, Acall. 5555 . atciamaid, BNnÉ 60 § 77 . dochímíd, DDána 54.12 . 2 pl. atchíthi, Anecd. i 35.78 . do-chíthí, TSh. 2818 . -facthi, MU² 947 . 3 pl. atcíat, Acall. 1562 . atchíd, TSh. 753 . adchiad, DDána 31.16 . dochíd, 17.12 . dochiat, SG 346.12 . -faicit, PH 7740 . Pass. sg. dociter, RC xlix 9 § 4 . -aicter, Lism. L. 495 . -bhfaicthear, Keat. i 82.21 . rocíter, Marco P. 42 .

Ipv. 1 s. nachataicim, Lism. L. 2297 . 1 pl. faiceam, DDána 119.28 . Pass. sg. faicthear, 60.37 .

Indic. impf. 3 s. do-chíodh, TSh. 4225 . -faiceadh, Dán Dé vi 30 . 1 pl. adcíadhmais, Duan. F. i 10.4 . -bfaicmís, O'Gr. Cat. 508.5 . 2 pl. -bfaicti, BNnÉ 67 § 103 . Pass. sg. dochíthe, Dán Dé xi 29 . -faicte, CCath. 897 . Pl. -faictis, ACL iii 224.y .

Subj. pres. 1 s. do-chear, -bhfaicear, DDána 37.39 . -accar, ZCP viii 120.16 . -faccur-sa, TBC-LL¹ 4061 . 2 s. -accara, PH 4960 . 3 s. -faccara, 6006 . -accera, RC xiii 440.18 . 3 pl. -acatar, PH 1352 . With active endings. 3 s. -faicea, PH 7402 . -facaid, Maund. 261 . 1 pl. -bhfaiceam, DDána 81.19 . 3 pl. -acat, TBFr. 21 § 22 . -faicit, Acall. 2246 , -fhaicet, PH 7678 .

Subj. impf. 2 s. -feictea, ZCP vi 87.29 . 3 s. atchised, TTr.² 641 . -bhfaiceadh, DDána 37.38 . 1 pl. -faicsimmis, RC x 92.10 . -faicmis, IGT Decl. ex. 607 . 3 pl. -faictis, IT i 175.10 . Pass. sg. ? -aiciste, Ériu ii 106 § 16 (perh. to be referred to ad-guid). -haicesda, Lism. L. 2302 .

Fut. and condit. Traces of the reduplicated fut. remain, sometimes with endings of the b-fut. The b-fut. is however the usual formation. With reduplication 2 s. atchicera, Fing. R. 118 . atíchera, PH 1182 . With ro: -aircechasa, LU 6098 . ? adidracacha, O'Dav. 123 . 3 s. atcichfe, Anecd. ii 27.16 . 1 pl. do chíchsiom , Content. xxii 22 . 2 pl. adachichisthi, TFrag. 180.8 . atichistisi, LB 223b19 . Pass. sg. atchichither, LU 3889 ( SCC § 40 ). -aicigther, 6119 (TBC). atcithfither, Acall. 5362 . Condit. 3 s. atcithsead, MR 112.6 . do chichsiodh , Desid. 2147 . Pass. sg. atchichesta, RC xlvi 239.5 . (See also Aithd. D. Gloss.). Without reduplication. 1 s. do chíeabh , IGT Introd. 28.15. (§121) . -aiciub, IT i 80.8 . -feiceab, ZCP vi 85.15 . 2 s. nodcífi, Ériu viii 123.1 . do-chífe, DDána 66.4 . atchífir, Keat. iii 2800 . dochifir, BNnÉ 82 § 164 . -faicfe, DDána 6.6 . 3 s. dochífe, TSh. 1089 . -aicfe, ZCP viii 332.24 . -acéb, LU 309 = ḟaiccbe, RC xx 38.14 . -faccéga (-aigfe, -faigfe, v. ll.), TBC-LL¹ 5581 . -faicfe, Acall. 6310 . -faicfid, ZCP x 342 § 8. 1 pl. attcífem, ZCP viii 207.15 . -faicfeam, TSh. 8624 . 2 pl. dochífide, Dán Dé xxv 31 . -faicfide, Ériu v 242.166 . 3 pl. atchífit, BS 6.3 . docífitt, -ffaicfit, BNnÉ 267 § 235 . Pass. sg. atcífider, RC xxv 390 § 4 . -accfither, LL 14280 . -aicfider, Ériu ii 144 § 161 . dochífear, DDána 12.4 . Condit. 1 s. adcíthfend, Ériu iv 220.8 . 3 s. dochífeadh, TSh. 6056 . atchífeadh, 6008 . -aicfed, Todd Lect. vii 6.68 . 3 pl. dochífidís, TSh. 305 . -faicfitis, Ériu ii 134 § 115 . Pass. sg. itcífea, Ériu ii 198.9 . dacitfidhi, Ir. Astr. Tr. 28.30 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. atconnac. MU² 745 . dochunnuc, ZCP vi 29.2 . dochonnarc, TSh. 4298 . idconnarcos, ML 4.19 . -facca, SR 1336 . -faccu, TBC-I¹ 870 . -facus, Maund. 260 . -facadhas, Desid. 430 . 2 s. atchonnarcais, LL 13591 . adconnacuis, Lism. L. 1509 . daconncadais, ITS xiv 22.9 . atchonncais, Acall. 4612 . doconncais, 3320 . -faccais, 5143 . -facadais, Sc.M² § 11 . -acaghois, ZCP x 284.19 . 3 s. diconnairc, Ériu ii 15.19 . atchonnaic, TBC-LL¹ 3969 . rachonnaic, 2969 . -facca, 3374 . -faccae, 5099 . -facae, Mon. Tall. 155.11 (§ 67) . -facai, 135.5 (§ 22) . -facaid, 164.6 (§ 88) . -accaig, TBC-LL¹ 2827 . -agaid, Aen. 1396 . -facais, RC xxiv 196.14 . 1 pl. atchoncamar, LU 2331 . do choncamar , 3 C 19, 6 va17 . -facamar, Stair Erc. 2017 . 2 pl. atconncabar, PH 1711 . -facabar, 3360 . -faccabair, Acall. 5770 . 3 pl. atconncatar, Laws iii 168.8 Comm. dochoncatar, PH 6295 . -facadar, TBC-I¹ 311 . -acaiset, ZCP x 410.15 . Pass. sg. doces, RC xvii 416.30 . doconnarcas, ZCP ii 552.8 . atcondcas, Ériu iii 196 § 12 . do cunncus , RC xii 332 § 24 . ra condcas , TBC-LL¹ 2748 . -aices, -facas, IT iii 189.11, 12 . -accas, LL 14172 . -facus, Lism. L. 3804 . Pl. -facessa, TBC-LL¹ 5009 .

Vn. aicsiu, (f)aicsin, etc. IGT Verbs § 4 .

(a) sees, notices, observes: atobcí side `he perceives you', Wb. 25a26 . ní aicci ní lia mescai `he sees nothing for his drunkenness', Ml. 94c3 . do soí dond orient conaci a næscae, Thes. ii 21.37 . isin domnach atcess in cétna sollsi in lái. Ériu ii 198.1 . ranic iath nad adaig aiccesdar (aiccestar, accestar, acastar v. ll.) `he reached the country where night is not seen', ACC 34 ( RC xx 172 ). con-idn-acar ┐ co nidn-arladar that I may see him, Irish Texts i 13 § 40 . ni facaid deilb ┐ ni cumman lais ní do faicsin, Mon. Tall. 164.6 (§ 88) . nach álaind atchíd ba háildiu lee Fróech do acsin, TBFr. 217 . nā tēig, co n-aiccther in frithi fonnuar-sa, TBC-I¹ 1556 . dorala . . . do M. condacaid aislingi, Trip.² 220 . amail boí sí and conḟacaig in lochtobur, RC vi 174.26 . ní confacus beó aéin neich diobh osin alle, AFM vi 2092.5 . do chibh mo Shlanaigtheoir maille rium, ITS xxix 185.3 . rí na ndúl cá chuin do-chear / an dún i bhfuil go bhfaicear, DDána 37.39 . With various prepp.: arnachab-accastar as tír that you may not be seen from land, BDD² 435 . atcess immorro asin Temraig inni sin moreover that thing was seen from Tara, Anecd. iii 34.9 . telach ása n-acastar in tuath fri Luimnech antuaith, Trip.² 2412 . adcí . . . uad debrad na diadachta he sees in the distance . . . ACL iii 245 § 24 . ro-chidisium uathib . . . tigi arda, Celt. Rev. x 106.16 . Folld. by clause: atcondarccaisiu (atconnarcsu, LU) . . . indus imatiag-sa in lind, TBC-I¹ 659 . co n-aiced immar ita / in tech mór atchonnarcsá, LU 3733 . tabhair an taiplis don tigh / gu faicmis amhail imrid, IGT Decl. ex. 607 . With preposition indicating motion: co n-accatar C. . . . is' tech they saw C. coming into the house, Sc.M² § 15 . intan docunncus Fechín docum in dūnaid `when F. was seen coming . . .', RC xii 332 § 24 . atací in slóg cucu tarsa mag, TBC-I¹ 1440 . ó 'tchóndairc epscop Mél P. cuce día chairigud, Trip.² 982 . nir airigedur Cenel Conaill iat co facadur chuctha iat, Ann. Conn. 1247.7 . Cf. an tan atchídís ag triall chuca é, Keat. iii 1591 .

(b) Of mental processes perceives, discerns, realizes: ma adced torbe inna thect `if you should see profit in so going', Wb. 11b22 . da faicea ainfhis . . . ann a múnad, PH 7402 . truagh nach bfacas libh bhar locht, Ir. Review 1912 472 § 11 . atchíu rogabsat ar clanna ililtiugud, ZCP viii 318.31 . mar dobínn 'ga gruaidh gelbuic / docím úaim nach indermaid looking back I perceive that the treatment I got with him . . . is not to be forgotten(?), Prolegomena 45 § 24 . do citer corob i cuis in fiabrusa dlegar do leiges ar tuis, RC xlix 9 § 4 .

(c) Pass. in sense of appears, seems (DO to): atchessa fiad lucht na netarnade comtis aige alta they seemed to those lying in ambush to be wild deer, Thes. ii 354.9 (Hy. vii). ge daciter gorob maille Saturnus nan re . . . as comtrom a ngluasacht though Saturn appears to be slower than the moon their motion is equal, Ir. Astr. Tr. 114.16 . an tan bis an taer dorea tiugh ┐ docitear cum feartana e ┐ nach denann hi, 3 C 19 , 20 ra9 . atchíthe dó i n-aslingi innas ind ḟir no rígfaide and, LU 3452 ( SCC 23 ). is amlaidh doces do mac Gilla Lughan iat, RC xvii 416.31 . doces do muinntir co n-erbalus it seemed to people that I died, Todd Nenn. 210.4 . atcess dóib . . . múr na Rómae the wall of Rome appeared to them, BColm. 78.19 . atces doib tor oir for an muir, Leb. Gab.(i) 72.14 . do condcuss sin dó ina spiraid, gin go faca sé o suilib corpardha é, BCC 362.5 . mar do connarcas d'uaislibh Éireann an dochar do bhí ag teacht, Keat. i 66.19 . doconncus doibh a oirett shin ele d'airde do beith ann, BNnÉ 71 § 121 . pecadh aga bhfaicther dhó maith éigin do bheith ann a sin in which it seems to him there is some good, Ó Héodhusa 181.5 . do connarcus don Pháirlement gurab annteasbach bídh ┐ éadaigh do-rin sin uile, PCT 1677 . Note also: is mar sin dociter Galen aga tuicsin so G. seems to understand it, 3 C 19, 219 ra14 . By extension seems good to (cf. Lat. videtur): cidh anaill atcither duit acht a marbad? what else seems good to you except to kill them? Anecd. ii 12.18 . créad fa bhfacas dhíbh . . . na braighde . . . do chongbháil i ngéibheann, Maguires of F. 55 . déanaidh mar chífighthear dhíbh, 74 . dochonnarcus do'n Spiorad Naomh . . . gan ualach do chur orraibh . . . (visum est Spiritui sancto, Acts xv 28 ) Eochairsg. 14.26 . do connarcus don ōigh . . . eachtra . . . in tsēipēil . . . d'foillsiughadh . . . don naomh-priōir `it seemed good to her to make known', Fl. Earls 114.33 . do-connarcas damh trácht ar éiclipsigh na gréine it seemed good to me to treat of eclipses of the sun, Corp. Astron. 152.4 . do chonncas dhúinn . . . an leabhrán-sa do sgríobhadh, Mac Aingil 50 .

(d) Occas. in sense of do-écci, fégaid: o do conncamair do leighiusaibh uilidhi . . . na ptisisi since we have treated of, 3 C 19, 129 vb23 . da facaid le feirg no le fich ar duine if he look angrily at, Maund. 261 .

admat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. admat or dil.ie/498

 

n o, m. vn. formation from *ad-moin-, see Celtica iv 46 and i 339 .

(a) invention, contrivance; device, artifice: bid hé corp ar n-aicde / a.¤ na ba tíamdae, Fél. Prol. 293 . gnim tanaissi . . . a.¤ adfét in scriptúir . . . bacc iairnn cech oenfir the second thing they made, an object which Scripture tells of, was an iron hook for each man, SR 4202 (of the construction of the Ark) (= is é gním tánaise dorigned ann . . . baccán iarinn cech aenduine, Celtica iv 30 ). glé ni hinunn seis na smacht / gne na hintliucht, na a.¤ craft (of the animal creation), SR 7266 . isochma do Día coro cumtaige cen adbar . . . cech n-a.¤ no cech n-aicde bes áil dó, LU 2601 . suí cech admait conna rabi riam . . . goba bad ferr, LL 13566 . greas for indeoin, admad a ceardca, tirad a n-aith, Laws v 474.2 . aithgabail goband . . . gat im indeoin ┐ apud nad derna atmat fuirri, ii 118.23. Comm. ingean Mhuireadha Meas fial-nar / ca hadmad caem ar nar' chlis, Ériu x 84 § 79 . Hence material esp. timber: atá an t-adhmat benta isin coilledh aguind (for building a church), BNnÉ 237 § 163 . ag tarraing an adhmaid on coilled, 238 § 164 . rugadar clocha . . . ┐ an tadhmad, 1 Kings xv 22 . In follg. passage glossed .i. foglaim (falso inference?): adhmad .i. foglaim . . . deismirecht aile ann gurab inann adhmad ┐ foglaim, amail adeir isin Breisligh . . . Cuin do raghtar fris? . . . co nderntar tri gaiscid linne . . . .i. adhmat sechtmaine. Is mithig duin . . . erfuagra uan for firu Erenn. Nocha mithigh . . . uair adhmad sechtmaine is adhmad secht mbliadna .i. aon la cacha bliadna . . . fri denam na ngae, O'Curry 977 (H. 3.18, 422) (from Aided Con Culainn). So also Thurn. Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 15.28 (from H. 3.18, 601) `Stoff für eine Woche' etc., `material for study practice', Plummer MS. notes.

(b) poetical composition, poem: Flann mac Lonán . . . .cc. in t-adhmadsa isin lo iarna marbad, Irish Texts i 24.18 . do nithi leisiom an laoidh / an drecht sa t-adhmad d'entaoibh ZCP ii 352.11 . airligud in dine (.i. in diune) cach fir dana, dian prim-a.¤ no prim-cerdd i n-aga a erco, Laws v 372.x . is mithigh anes o eigsibh / a meic, sguir d' adhmhad tre aiebh, Ériu x 88 § 109 . ní thuillfeadh san adhmad-sa / an deachmhadh cuid dod chaithréim in this composition, DDána 120.37 . aithris dí na mharbhlaoidh más adhmad dúinn, Ó Bruad. iii 226 § ii . dá ndeachoinn do dheilbh adhmoid, Studies 1920, 263.11 . adhmad beag andso do rinde M. Séon Carsuel (a poem directing his book on its course), Carswell p. 24 . ní marbhnaid bud dáothan dó / mar ṡaothar adhmaid énbhó, IGT Decl. ex. 649 .

2 ág

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ág or dil.ie/673

 

Forms: ag, t-agh, áig, ága, ág, n-ag, ágaib, ágh

n o and u, m. a s. ag, SR 4814 . an t-agh , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1811 . g s. ind áig , LU 2812 . inn ága , TBC-LL¹ 3056 . d s. ág, Wb. 25a3 . g p. na n-ag (: Colmán), Rawl. 163a6 . d p. ágaib, SR 4688 . ágh m. IGT Decl. § 38 , § 96 .

(a) fight, battle, contest: cen á.¤ n-ergarb, SR 2014 . ic mórad chath ┐ chongal ┐ áig, MU² 11 . do diogail a aigh et a irgla ar in Donn C., TBC-LL¹ 6175 . nā hinguib nā hindsaig ágh do not avoid or seek strife, ZCP vi 272 § 10 . gan rún troda gan triall n-áigh, TD 26.40 . a haithle an ágha, 10.42 . fir marbha d'athghuin san ágh, IGT Decl. ex. 1115 . Dia Domhnaig déis an ágha / bhearfas Dia breith an bhrátha Armageddon(?), Celt. Rev. x 133.22 . ollband ága mebaid / for Domnall mac Aeda, LL 182b48 ( Arch. Hib. ii 60 § 22 ). do mhnaoi do cinneadh d'agh é was doomed to strife because of a woman (of Troy), DDána 119.23 . tar cheann a bhreith d'aitheas áidh / le Feardiadh, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 374.9 . ar luas a n-ádh nó a n-égin, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 372.19 . samhail síl Anmchadha an áigh, DDána 85.35 . ?saig brot n-áig forsan echraid, MU² 253 . ro claitti a n-uaga ága soldiers' graves, Metr. Dinds. iv 342.4 . Fig. in phr. referring to warriors: imscarad da aidlen áig na Asia, LL 243b26 ( TTr. 1997 ). da rind aga ┐ urlaimi, Cog. 56.24 . rinn áigh caithfhréimhe Ó gCuinn, DDána 79.21 .

(b) prowess, valour: a á.¤ a gal a gaisced, LU 8449 ( FB 30 ). hUa A. . . . is a h-agh ┐ echt . . . indister ann so, MR 100.1 . d'úaisli ┐ d'āgh ┐ d'orbert, ZCP viii 111.12 . méaraidh m'fheidhm ┐ m'ágh, ML 100.17 . int aenduine . . . roba mo ag ┐ engnam, Ann. Conn. 1306.2 . drong F. nar bh' olc n-áigh, DDána 90.11 . rem n-aga (cheville), LU 3602 ( SCC § 30 ).

aga

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aga or dil.ie/675

 

n (with unlen. -g-) f. space of time: uair na tairnic in acu cinter do'n chind `because the period fixed by the head had not expired', Laws v 380.4 Comm. an neach bhus sia a.¤ ón éag `whose hour is farthest from death', Dán Dé xiv 2 . madh gearr m'a.¤ , O'R. Poems 3895 . is gerr inn a.¤ gan imthecht `short is the time', Studies 1920, 417.1 . aicme gan a.¤ ar a neart / an mhaicne ar aba a n-aithcheacht, DDána 60.5 . ó nach bí a.¤ aca ar leóirghníomh do dheunamh san mbeatha so (of those who repent on their death-beds), Eochairsg. 117.13 . gan a.¤ ceaselessly, Keat. i 172.3 . Of space: is meádhan an raon atá idir an dá ghualainn do'n a.¤ idir an éadan ┐ an imliocán the line from shoulder to shoulder bisects the space between forehead and navel, Eochairsg. 38.32 . daigheadh .i. eadh maith .i. a.¤ mhaith. do bheirim daigheadh don ghaoith .i. do bheirim a.¤ mhaith don ghaoith, O'Cl.

Cf. 3 áige.

ága(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ága(e) or dil.ie/680

 

x see áige.

aidbirseóir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidbirseóir or dil.ie/835

 

Forms: adba(i)rs(e)óir, aibirseóir, airseóir

n m. Also adba(i)rs(e)óir, aibirseóir, airseóir (Lat. aduersarius, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 215 . See Vendr. Lex.)

(a) adversary, enemy: ab aduersario .i. ōn adbirseōir, Corm. Y 16 . diuersarius .i. aibhirseoir, Ir. Gl. 517 . cred uma rucais do cumachta buaim nach marbaim in t-aiberseoir so?, Fier. 47 . a aidhbheirseoir na n-uile (i.e. the world), DDána 53.3 . ar clai a n-aibheirseor, Smaointe B. Chr. 5967 .

(b) an t-a.¤ the devil: dochím an t-aidberseoir aga furail aran tríur bratar . . . gadaighecht do dhenamh, BNnÉ 55 § 56 . tainec an t-aibirseoír i ndeilb duine, BCC 222.16 . fuascladh an chinidh dhaonna a hanbhroid an aibhirseora, Keat. ii 3178 . meallann an t-airseóir le temptásiūnaib, Párl. na mB. 1748 . ná buaireann an t-ādhbharsóir an t-anam, Trompa na bhF. 4297 . ar ilchleasaibh an ādhbharsōra, 4017 . an diabhal ┐ an t-ādhbhairseōir, 4407 . Note also: d'fhir claite na n-aibirseoradh `demons', BCC 224.30 .

aidgell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidgell or dil.ie/873
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: aidcell, adgall

n o Also aidcell, adgall. act of damaging, injuring; damage, injury, hurt: tussu 'ca adgell ┐ 'ca admilliud, MU² 177 . in Morrighu iga adhgall ┐ aga adhmilliudh, TBC-LL¹ p. 319 n. 8 . fillead catha ┐ adgall ardratha, Leb. Cert. 10.6 . ad-beirdis foirenn dib conadh aidhghell aimsighthi rohimred fair, Grail 3811 . gach olc da tuirmim / ba dóib bus aidhgeall `to them it shall be destruction', Fianaig. 82.8 . gebis galur David . . . tria béimm súla ┐ tria aidcell anḟoill, LB 129a14 . adhgall ┐ easlainte (Life of Cuimine Fota c.l, cited from Plummer MS. notes). do bīthin adhgaill ┐ urchōide, Fl. Earls 52.19 . Attrib. g s. ina harracht aidhgill `phantom of destruction', Fianaig. 66.4 . na dá n-ugh n-urchoidech . . . n-aidgill, MR 110.4 . in úir . . . aidgill, 168.1 . amati adgaill, Cog. 174.10 . aidcleadh .i. aidhceall no urchóid, O'Cl. (see aidcgled). See also éccell.

1 áige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 áige or dil.ie/916

 

Forms: ága(e)

n also ága(e). n., Críth G. Vocab . m., IGT Decl. § 2 . joint, member, part of the body: cach mball ┐ cach n-alt . . . ┐ cach n-áge, LU 6445 (TBC). cech n-alt ┐ cech n-aighe dhe, RC xiii 5.11 . corbó lán cech n-alt ┐ cech n-ága and dia grád, TTr.² 492 . fail sund á.¤ do churp ríg, Metr. Dinds. iii 190.1 . na fer fogla fri haga . . . .i. an gae do denum fri a memru, O'Curry 454 ( H 3.18, 242a ). cor trascair M. . . . coro scor i mminagib, LU 6721 . ní ricfad acht do chnámi mintai ┐ t'aigi fodailte arís dochum longphuirt, TBC-LL¹ 1856 . co ro-cuir úad i n-a n-ágaib minta, CRR 50 § 47 ( LL 10029 ). condaralsat é na ágib, LL 22396 . nambrethed i n-aigib, Dinds. 42 ( RC xv 433 ). roscáil a chnáma 's a chorp / ruc cach n-ága co hard-phort, Metr. Dinds. iii 372.78 . ni roan don beist conderna aighedha fogalta feolscaeilti di, Grail 2040 . gerraidh a cuirp ┐ doní aighedha ega dibh, Stair Erc. 2314 . ?gur fhobair aghaidh fhoghladh ┐ fheolsgaoilte do dhenamh de (of a young bird attacked by the mother bird), Celt. Rev. x 138.26 . ní faca ball nā aidhi di cen crechta, Grail 1776 . ciat imdha ágha mo chuirp . . . biaidh cell im gach n-ágha díbh, ZCP xii 391.14 . ar lár gach áighe . . . dhíom, DDána 42.16 . Of a joint of meat: míach . . . fri haithchumba[e] n-á.¤ dia chethrai, Críth G. 190 . no rannad cech n-ágae cona chlaidiub, TBFr. 126 . trí haige bruithi and, Laws i 48.2 Comm. creic aige carrnu i n-a tech, v 284.30 . tuc ága ar cach mbir fosech, RC vii 300.159 .

2 áige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 áige or dil.ie/917

 

Forms: ága(e)

n also ága(e) io, m. Perh. same word as 1 á. post, prop, pillar: braga .i. bir-āga. āige ainm bir, Corm. Y 161 . aighe .i. sail no gabhal, O'Cl. dún . . . dorus umaide fair ┐ ágai umaidi and, LU 1793 . bertais . . . inna hágu umaidi, 1799 . cach aga cach airenach (of the Tech Midchuarda), LL 3704 . Extended uses. Of a person: cach óen nad beir genelach cosna cethrib agaib arddaib seo .i. co Niall la Hu Nēill, co hEochaid Mugmedoin etc., Rawl. 140b28 . imme, maith in taighe, / suides flaith cech tiri (of the king of Tara), Ériu v 232.16 . ba háge immairic cach fer dib seo pillar of battle, LU 1602 ( IT ii2 214.52 ). ?dal armairc gan all n-āighi / as tairgsin āirmhe ar nionaibh, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 33 . inmain áighe sútt `beloved chief', BColm. 36.16 . Frequ. in Fél. of saints: Pól apstol, ard áge, Fél. Prol. 119 (.i. calma, Fél.2, where Stokes suggests reading colma. Hence aighe .i. calma, O'Dav. 69 , O'Cl. citing Fél.). Benedict balc áge (: Árne), March 21 (.i. tuir, ib.). Pátraic prímdae áge, Nov. 2. comdíre do rig ┐ epscop ┐ agu rechta litre ┐ suid filed an authority in literary matters, ZCP xvi 175 § 4 . age rechta dilgetha .i. int og-ae aca mbi dirgidetu dilgeda, in fer leiginn .i. sai chanoine, Ériu xii 12.2 . a.¤ fine head of the family: cor focerdcar (leg. -tar) seach aga fine ada cora do beith oga, Laws iv 60.12 . co tuca cach a cond .i. a aige fine, i 80.29 Comm. leth coibche cach ingine dia haighe fine, iii 314.9 Comm. a.¤ réire judge: aighe rere .i. brethem, O'Dav. 19 . aighe réire ag breith fírbhreath (glossed aighe .i. sail no gabhal; réire .i. aosda .i. sail sheanoirde re breitheamhnas), Hard. ii 294.8 . Of a high place: fil dam aichne áige . . . benn B., Metr. Dinds. iv 70.1 . rodharcbla . . . isi cric domídigear rosc ┐ adsuighaidter criche frisin, ma rofeisear in da aighe derba bidé iman raind sin `this is the district estimated by the eye, boundaries are defined by these if the two certain heads which are to this division be known' (i.e. the eye fixes the boundary if two points of it remain i.e. by running a straight line between these points), Laws iv 144.5 Comm. is ed tainic a n-aige ┐ a n-ardde ant srotha co rochuired uadha na cairci commora, TTebe 3623 (Ed. takes as 1 aige). aighe .i. cnoc, O'Cl.

3 áige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 áige or dil.ie/918

 

Forms: ága(e)

n also ága(e). io, m. Perh. same word as 1, 2 áige time, fixed period: mithisse .vii. mbliadna . . . tanic de in t-áge hísin LU 11034 . ní laimthea a sarugud co tísed áigi na bliadna sin (i.e. the Feis Temra or Óenach Tailten), 4214 . rochuinigh . . . an ben a tochra i n-āge a gellta `at the time for which it had been promised', BColm. 92.3 . ó ocht calne Apréile . . . co hOctimbir á.¤ (: ráde) `until the period of O.', Ériu iii 104 § 39 . in treas cath i n-aga aimsire int sannruth, BB 491a19 . i cinn an á.¤ , Aisl. Tond. 93 § 2 . ní fil m'á.¤ ní bas sía `my span of life lasts no longer', Metr. Dinds. iv 28.47 . cach ági at every season, Imr. Brain 13.3 . . dcccc. age selbai, ZCP xii 363.28 . oin co aige .i. casc no nollac a loan until a definite day, Laws iii 492.11, 12 Comm. attat secht n-airligthe do-sliat loig n-einech mani thoirsait (leg. thairsit) a n-agai dia tecmai gabud i n-agui a n-eurca `if they are not returned at the speci- fied time', v 372.12 . airligud do fiur adbaill re n-agu a erce, 370.y . on (= ōn) fri hanairchenn, ni nasccar, ni cinnter a agae, 368.16 . in tan cindter aigi dithma forro when the time of their forfeiture is fixed, 246.8 Comm. ni forsna fuirmither aige a thing for which no period is fixed, i 146.6 Comm. co mbere [in bó] laeg isin aige ro gellad, O'Curry 653 ( H 3.18, 316 ). cidbe aige gnath no ingnath berius, 654 (ib. 318).

Cf. aga .

áilgen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áilgen or dil.ie/1003

 

adj o, ā. See LEIA soft, mild, pleasant: lenis .i. ailgen, LU 936 (ACC). ailgen no slemon gl. leuem, Ml. 87b13a . amal bróin nailgen sniges hi cnai, 89c15 . in dealb alainn ailghen, TBC St. 2409 . do thaisbenad a chrotha álgin alaind do mnaib, LU 6536 (TBC). a dhreach áilghin, SGS iv 138 § 7 . a gilldai umail ailgein `gentle', Cáin Ad. § 18 . Erne á.¤ imchubaid (: -báided), Metr. Dinds. iii 462.z . lorg . . . cend anbthen fhurri ┐ cend álgen, MU² 629 . ceól meldach n-á.¤ , LU 1800 . lēnis cantus .i. canamain mīn ālgen, ZCP v 497.20 . re séisibh . . . ailgeana . . . oirfidech, MR 110.22 . ro cendsaich M. o briathraib ailgenaib E., TTebe 3180 . aithescc ailgen in t-slanicceda, PH 6137 . bolad ailgen, LB 230b33 . Compar. biad bis ailgini, Ériu vii 150 § 19 . Used predicatively: is á.¤ doneprinn. Tráctairecht forsa liquitur insin gl. pedetemptim desolvitur, Sg. 145a4 . mám in Choimded is á.¤ , Ériu i 197 § 14 . is cennais ┐ is á.¤ (of a person), LU 1941 ( FA 1 ). airchinnech glan, cráibdech / algen fri cech ndlicht `gentle in every determinat- ion', Ériu iii 106 § 41a . uair ro bo ṡoghnasach ┐ ba hailghin oc a haltrum, RC vi 174.3 . dob áilghen a gciall fa ól, L. Cl. A. B. 118.100 . Adv. gu hailghen mesarda pleasantly and moderately, Ériu v 134 § 73 . go cennuiss áilghen, Fl. Earls 48.22 . co hinmain ailgen aga hagallaim, TTebe 1069 . a hiarraidh go háilghean (of heaven), DDána 37.40 .

n Subst. huare as serb ┐ nad ṁbí ní du ailgen indi, Ml. 94c8 . ba h-algen curmthigi, is ba dúr debtha he was the darling, TFerbe 309 . 's as tú a-bháin, a bhean Cheara / fat fhear lenb áil t'ailgheana `who lovest to exercise thy charms on thy spouse', O'Hara 3234 .

? 4 aill

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 4 aill or dil.ie/1040
Last Revised: 2013

 

ind hear Ériu xl 39 : a.¤ .i. cluinti, ut est a.¤ mo Coirpri clú .i. farsan .i. faillsigh nó cluinti, O'Dav. 14 = O'D. 2203 (Nero A vii, 141a). a.¤ .i. cluin, O'Cl. a.¤ mo Morann mo coscc duit it cluais, cluinti clothuib lana, O'D. 2210 (Nero A vii, 145a); 'hear … my admonishing of you in your ear, hear with full tidings [i.e. retain all you hear]' Ériu xl 39 (Bretha Nemed Toísech) . ? Ulaid acot gairmsiu / ra ṅgabastar aillsiu, TBC-LL¹ 3446 = rotgabsad ar tfaillso, TBC-I¹ 2645 . ? canam alam aisneidim / . . . / cia ága . . . / dobeir do cac oen, LL 3710 . Cf. áilid, aille, aillóir?

ainṡerc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainṡerc or dil.ie/1524
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ainseirc, ainserg, ainseirg

adj Also ainseirc and ainserg, ainseirg (cf. serc and 1 serg?). unfriendly, hostile, cruel, merciless: anserg .i. annsa a serg nō a ferg. Nō a naso (nasa, MS.) .i. srōn, Corm. Y 17 = andseirg, Thr. Ir. Gl. 1 . ail .i. aindserg, Stowe Gl. 201 . annsearg .i. as doilidh a shearg, O'Cl. ba angbaid . . . anseirg andiaraid in fégad, LL 244a4 ( TTr. 2020 ). borb ┐ anseirc in mac fil sund, RC xiv 424.5 ( LL 12911 ). do himdergadh . . . Fer D. aga faicsin, ór ba hainnserg allata e, ZCP x 293.2 . óccbaidh ainnsercc ainmin, CCath. 5381 . rīgfēndidh crōdha aindseirc, ACL iii 224.13 . ri crodha anserg, Stair Erc. 452 . As adv.: ba haicher . . . ainsercc ro feradh in caithgleo-sin, CCath. 6007 . rosfeg co hainserg ainniardhai, Lism. L. 2213 . ro iacht co ainsercc aichear, AFM v 1776.4 . As subst. tria lunne ┐ anseirc, TBC-LL¹ 4743 ( LL 11470 ) tre luinne ┐ tre ainnseirg, BDC 242.309 .

airchor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchor or dil.ie/1753

 

Forms: airchair, aurchora

m. Vn. of ar-cuirethar. g s. airchair, LU 5093 . aurchora, 5764.

(a) act of putting forward, extending; extens ion: ni haurchor saegail damsa in breath ron-ucus, BDD² 216 `it is not an extension of life to me', p. 76 . dommí aurchur amsere, IT iii 53.22 ( FS Mackay 230 ). sutrall . . . for lassad co léir / . . . / iarna terchur fri dídnad / cen herchur cen airdíbdad, SR 4372 (for airchra?).

(b) cast, shot: focheird N. . . . aurchor dó, LU 5764 (TBC). focheird . . . airchur trén forsinn-ailig, SR 6154 . guma cuigi budein no berad in t-urcur, Laws i 6.8 . tārlaic urchor do gaī mór form-sa, Sc.M² § 10 . do-leci . . . tri haurchuru forru ┐ is traidiu dusfanic int erchor dedenuch quam in tossiuch, ZCP xx 219 § 5 . co táirthed . . . in n-urchur dollécéd asa thailm, LU 5160 (TBC). bla liathroit urcur faichi prim cathrach, Laws iii 252.17 (perh. in sense (c), Plummer MS. notes). bud aurchor deoraid sin ┐ ni ba hicht urraid, TBC-LL¹ 1288 . meni arrais din chétbulli no din chéturchur, 1282 . ro gab int inar ┐ tuc urcur isin tened de threw it into the fire, Cog. 142.16 . tuc rogha n-urchair di masterly shot, Comp. CC 121.16 . guro cuir in tond urcur dib . . . ic calad na hEperi `the wave cast them into the harbour of E'., CCath. 3360 . snidis urchor d'ōenuball dó, MacCongl. 51.3 . ro athchuirset da urchur . . . eturru, MR 254.16 . téid crann ó Dhonnchadh fa dheóigh / bann tar orchar in áirseóir, IGT Decl. ex. 1309 . aga imdhiden ar urcuraibh a escarnamud, ZCP vi 57.6 . toisech M. do marbad annsin d'oenorchur tsoigti, Ann. Conn. 1288 § 5 . díc uiscidhi co n-urchur saigte a fidhbac fora lethi `an arrow-flight in breadth', Marco P. 123 . gur tolladh . . . d'urchor d'ubhall í i bparrthas (of the human race as represented in Adam), TSh. 2549 . a.¤ imruill a shot that misses, see imroll. In proverbial expressions: orchar re haill a shot in the dark(?), DDána 93.6 . urchor i n-aghaidh ruaige flogging a dead horse(?), 101.29 . Fig. d'urchar aithrighe, DDána 58.6 . Of a person: slat an urchair ioldánaigh `scion of artistic cast', Arch. Hib. i 91 § xvi .

(c) As measure of length: aurchor snedar cach leth is é córus a airlise, Críth G. 219 . an turcar cuires uadha an boaire dhí sin (i.e. the cnairseach) ┐ aé na tsuighi a ndorus a tighi ┐ así maigin digona in boaire um a setaib, Laws iv 226.11 . teora foirge ┐ urchar flescaidh, 126.10 Comm. da cuaid M. ed urcair re cach advanced the length of a cast in front of the rest, Cog. 168.27 . ruc Créide . . . edh urchair do mnáibh Eirenn, SG 112.14 . See 2 ed. fot n-aurchora on cathraig a stones' throw. LU 9136 ( FB § 88 ). no téigtis fot n-ahurchara riam, BDD² 138 . buí fot n-ahurchara etarru, 300 . rót n-airchuir see 1 rout.

(d) Concrete, the dart or weapon discharged: honnaib cetnaib erchuraib gl. primis telis, Ml. 34a13 . erchoraib gl. iaculís, 75b8 . Note also: airchur arathir (air chura rathir MS.) gl. temo, Thes. ii 48.35 .

(e) ni dlegar fochruic na urcor dib, O'D. 560 ( H 3.17, col. 439 ) (`? contribution, cf. English shot', Plummer MS. notes).

aircsiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aircsiu or dil.ie/1786
Last Revised: 2013

 

n vn. of ar-aicci. act of looking on. In Laws technical term for the negligence or indifference of a spectator who suffers an illegal act to be performed in his presence, and thereby incurs a certain liability, Ériu xii 81 n. dingaibh cen faill cen airgsiu, 80.22 ; 'without indifference' Ériu xii 81 . atach no aircsi no taircsi dligid . . . ised is aircsi and .i. faicsin na comairce re cois in uair sin no reime, O'Curry 2034 (H. 4.22, fo. 57a). mas ar comairce atat na daine resa ndernadh in foghail . . . is aircsi ┐ atach ┐ taircsiu dligidh du riagail i lleith risin comairghe ann, O'D. 2352 ( Rawl. B 506 fo. 40a ). atach ┐ aircsi ┐ taircsin dligid ag dilsech, atach ┐ aircsin ag indilsech ┐ nocho nfuil taircsin, O'Curry 1485 ( H 3.18, p. 662b ). cetharda dhaoras gach flaith . . . baos ┐ uaiti ┐ anglonnas ┐ aircsi ar is . . . aititnech gach aircsinach, 2292 ( Eg. 88 fo. 22(23)a ). fiach sula suidhe gu trian tresairgsi .i. is é in tres ni asa fuil fiach dunacathi air, beith aga fechain ┐ faill naididin legu go lighi, 1002-3 ( H 3.18, p. 427b ). di aircsiu di aititiu, Laws i 64.7 . ni dilsigar airgse na haitidiu iudail (= iubail) na tren-lide neirt, v 496.4 . ni fuil airgsiu na aididiu itir fine imaneitir manib uile .i. braithirsi, O'D. 1960 ( Eg. 90, fo. 7(8)b ). ni fil a[i]rcsiu na aititiu eter brathraib na finibh fri faenel flaithemhnais, ZCP xii 365.3 . fir oircsin (leg. aircsen, ed.), 361.24 . ? nech aircsiu nó nech airgiu neo[ch] in fia[ch] aithgeine .i. nocha n-airgither o neoch sin ní is mó inas fiu na haithgina, O'Dav. 934 . duine caithce . . . fothla ┐ an ┐ a.¤ , Laws iv 146.17 Comm. airgsiu, 98.18 Comm. lethsét a tairrecht no aircsin gan a rér (in a list of fines etc. due to a lord), O'D. 511 ( H 3.17, c. 415 ). See also under airgsin.

airdubad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airdubad or dil.ie/1879

 

n (dubad) act of blackening, darkening; obscuring: urdhubhadh na gréine (at Crucifixion), Keat. ii 3146 . urrdhubhadh do theacht ar an ngealaigh nó ar an ngréin, Ó Héodhusa 156.2 . no go tainic ur-dhubadh na h-oidchi, Celt. Rev. iv 210.29 . Fig. saoí gan urdubhad . . . i nealadhnaibh, AFM v 1464.30 . ní thuigim . . . / . . . / nach ur-dhubhadh é ar mh'ḟios / mé d'umhlughadh dot oidios, Content. ix 5 . urdhubhadh aigeanta, TSh. 7947 . lé hurrdhubhadh urchóideach an fhormaid, 10731 . ní ghabhaim fo-ríor robhadh / díom ní fhaghaim mh' urdhobhadh I do not get rid of what obscures my good will, DDána 20.16 . buaidh ngaisgidh . . . do bhreith leis ar cháir gcuradh / gan gheis áigh gan urdhubhadh without seeking fight or remaining too obscure(?), L. Cl. A. B. 135.12 . olc ┐ úrdhúbha do-ní an chuid dínn agá mbí dúil a raingce harm(?), Párl. na mB. 3691 .

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