Search Results

Your search returned 12 result(s).

1 búarach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 búarach or dil.ie/7286
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: búairge, -aig, buorach

n o, n. (bó + árach) n p. búairge. Later with a d s. -aig. b.¤ f. (as crotach g s. croitche, n p. crotcha, g p. crotach), IGT Decl. § 56. spancel for cows at milking-time: b.¤ .i. bo ┐ árach .i. ceangal bhios ar bhoin, O'Cl. buorach gl. lora, V. SS. Hib. i 258 n.9 . focheird crand mbuarach / la gach funghaire solus, Ériu xiii 14.29 . tricha bó . . . co mbuargib créduma, LL 37729 ( RC xiii 40 § 12 ). cūic būairghi in cach inbhi . . . ┐ atgnīed cach banchoic dībh a būaraigh, ZCP vii 300.10 - 11 . caill tón bo can buaraig, Auraic. 5242. co tarat béim dia buaraig ina chlocend co ndernai slicrig dia chind, LL 22259 (cf. Dinds. 86 ) = rothend búaraig 'ma brágait, Metr. Dinds. iv 24.20 . More generally: ort bid buarach . . . / 'got chengal, MR 296.10 . 'na mbuairgib . . . ┐ i ngaistédaib, 316.31 . buarach trom `heavy harness' (of chief), Magauran 4431 .

In transfd. sense milking-time, (early) morning: buarach .i. bó ┐ árach .i. fosta buarach dana bó ergi .i. matan moch. unde dicitur fescor im buarach, Corm. 7 = fescor ┐ būarach, Corm. Y 131. buarach .i. bó éirghe .i. moch mhaidean, O'Cl. ō būarach go nox, ZCP v 487 § 15 (B. na f.). fesccur mbúarach `evening [and] morning´ Ériu xxvi 82 § 9 .

Freq. in phr. i mbúaruch this morning, a short time ago , just now (see Stories fr. Táin Gloss.; Zimmer, KZ xxx 13 - 18 ; Vendryes, Études Celt. ii 127 ; Meid, Stud. Celt. iv 72 - 73 and Celtica xii 108-12 ): himbvarvch `just now', Hib. Min. 3.83 . inn edpairt tucai[s]iu dam-sa i mbúaruc, Lib. Hymn. 87.15 . is hé dorinchoisc dia felmacaib i mbúaruch, LU 5056 = hi fuarach, TBC-I¹ 567. rodos marb . . . ambúaruch, LL 12988 ( RC xiv 428 § 52 ). déna airfide . . . anocht, febh do rignis . . . imbuarach, TFrag. 46.16 . ambúarach tomorrow , Leb. Gab.(i) 146.5 (see bárach).

1 cenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cenn or dil.ie/8622
Last Revised: 2020

 

Forms: cend, ch., cenna, ciunn, cinn, cenda, cinnu, cind, cind, cinnu, cionn, ceann, cionn, cionn, ceinn

n o, n., later m. n p. cend, LU 9385 . ? a p. ch.¤ , Sg. 54a11 . n a p. usually cenna. On d s. ciunn, cinn see GOI 177 . For masc. infl. in pl. cf. a p. cenda, TBC-I¹ 483 = cinnu, LU 4970 . n p. cind, FA 22 LB. cind `chiefs', Laws v 440.23 . a p. cinnu, LL 8132 . In later lang. both cionn (O. Ir. ciunn) and ceann occur in d s. (see Donl., Párl. na mB.), the former mainly in fixed prepositional expressions (ós cionn , etc.). a s. cionn, Beatha S. F. 2567 . g s. ceinn, Párl. na mB. 535 , n p. Keat. i 196.15 . IGT Decl. § 65 .

Note also: for ar ceinn, Vita Br. 24 . in ch.¤ cleasach . . . Tesifóne, MR 168.6 . iar ndenamh creiche chinne maghair (n. loc.), AFM iv 1356.6 .

I The human head, head of an animal .

1 cend a uerbo graeco .i. gennome (γίνομαι) .i. nascor, O'Mulc. 217 . donchind gl. capiti, Gild. Lor. 102 . du-uic in foiltne i ndiad in chínn, Ml. 84c24 . mani roima fora c.¤ ní mema forsna bullu, 89c11 . beim a cinn fri cloich, 139c3 . ammi corp do Crist et is c.¤ som duunni, Wb. 5d2 . airmitiu féid in chinn, 7d14 . cen chaille fora ciunn, 11c9 . in boill dó ass ón chiunn, 22a17 . adart foch., Sg. 198a10 . dim chinn, Blathm. 95 § 17 . oc folcad chinn a athar, Vita Br. 15 . airecc cinn Iohannis, Fél. Feb. 27 . contt cēill ciunn curp in sense, reason, head and body , ZCP vi 258.10 . rochromsat a ccinnu, ZCP xiv 234.5 . imruidbed mo tenga as mo chind, Ériu ii 102 § 9 . madit a shuili inna cinn, 122 § 61 . amhuil chinn ina bhalluibh, Luc. Fid. 3454 . Of a head of hair: ceinn-fhionna (sic) do bhíodh ar fhearaibh Éireann re n-a linn `white heads', Keat. i 196.15 (see cenann).

2 In phrase with follg. gen. forming n. pr.: Coirpri Cind cait Cathead , Cóir Anm. 241 . C.¤ Fáelad Wolfhead , see Corp. Gen. 541 - 2 . Cend Ghegain, IT iii 101 § 183 . Finguine mac Laeghaire Cenngégain, Cog. 18 (see also s.v. cinnchucán). Eochaidh cendmhairc Horsehead , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 6.8 . da ingin dec ailella cind nathrach Snakehead , Rawl. 134b18 .

3 Of the head cut off in battle: fris-cithsead far cenna díb, BDD² 869 . tri laíchcind . . . im chend do chétmeic, LL 13149 (Sc.M2). co fargaibhset xl c.¤ lais, AFM i 498.2 . So in phr. ár c.¤ = ár: co fargaibset ár cend aicce, LL 2536 . cor' ben a ngabala dib ┐ ár cend leo, RC xvii 354.4 .

4 Attrib. g s.: na heónu / cosna ceólu cinn-sin (sic leg.) shrill notes, Metr. Dinds. iv 214.68 . Cf. gotha cinn . . . ag báinealtoin, Ir. Syll. Poetry 71 § 5 . See Études Celt. iv 397 . iter chosa cinn ┐ cos[a] tóna front legs , Thr. Ir. Gl. 26 . nocha bán-bhéim acht cneadh chinn head-wound, serious wound , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 162.9 . ? secht ccumala cinn, Ériu xiii 22.24 . gilla cinn eich gl. auriga, Ir. Gl. 17 . laicce chinn, RSClára 4a . go mbeith rith chinn ré fānaidh aco ar gach n-aon eile would completely outdistance, would utterly rout(?), Párl. na mB. 99 .

Vendryes, Études Celt. iv 397 , cites BDD² 886 and We. parallels in support of a meaning mouth.

5 In various idiomatic phrases: ro héige in ben nert a cind at the top of her voice, SR 3215 . conā fāgad inad a chind for bith that he might find no abiding-place, TBC-I¹ 2214 . o cionn co fonn from tip to toe, Blathm. 152 . nom-loiscc eter chend is choiss completely , Ériu vii 223 § 34 . dia cennaib ┐ cosaib utterly, entirely , LB 115b42 . bein cinn fri hald `striking a head against a cliff' (of wasted labour), RC xii 96 § 127 . co ro benad a tech dia chind `unroofed his house', RC xxiv 46 § 4 . roloiscedh . . . a ndúin . . . ina cendaibh, Ériu v 158.215 . a ndiaidh a gcinn headlong , Donlevy xviii 25 . an ceann fá dhruim head first (coffin lowered into grave), Dán Dé xxix 7 . co mbiat cend ar díb cendaib (of a fierce battle), TTr.² 907 . ar ba `c.¤ i mbolg' . . . do ṡil Adhuimh were in complete ignorance, Ériu ii 98 § 1 = ba-c.¤ a-coim, RC xxiv 369.6 , cf. Études Celt. vi 201 . cend i cotlud a peaceful death(?), Ériu ii 118 § 54 . ? ní bheinn teann ar chlíabh a cill / sní bhíadh mo cheann a cuigind, IGT Decl. ex. 1400 . c.¤ a ngabal `head in fork' (bad behaviour in a horse), Laws iii 180.18 Comm. c.¤ i láp see láp. c.¤ i, fo muine see 1 muine. ? fír, ol Óengus, Fergas cend fo raithin, Trip.² 1495 .

6 Of a single animal, etc.: do mac Loigsiu pa mōr ngō / ar in āincend an cēt mbō, ACL iii 2.12 . Note also: aon bhuaidhreadh amháin . . . an dara ceann, De Imit. 29.23 . ? robii cosnom im oenchend `there may be strife about one head' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 1730 .

7 Various: ceann cait owl , Párl. na mB. 1452 . go dul tar ceannaibh cuan, Measgra D. 48.8 ` billow, breaker ', Gloss.

8 In various idioms with prec. vb.: ni mo tarrthus cend furre no forin gaeth `it was no more possible to get hold of her than of the wind', Aen. 649 . do-fócaib c.¤ appears see do-fócaib (D 269.36 ff.). ? immicurtis iarum cenna sechaiseom darsi ṅGairb sair ┐ siar eter Laigniu ┐ Ossairge, LL 36728 . tug a ch.¤ a n-inisle iomagallaimhe orra `entered into converse', ITS v 112.17 . no indsaiged in Troianda . . . congebead cend in Grecdai ┐ no indsaiged in Grecda . . . co ngebid cend in Tr. ┐ combdis cind ar cind, BB 435b22 .

9 Of buildings roof: ni rabi cenn for tempul Fidnacha in tan-sin, Ann. Conn. 1244.5 . c.¤ co claradh oir for tor dibh, Marco P. 117 . c.¤ Frangcach `a ribbed vault, a groined roof ' (Meyer Contribb.), AU iii 161.8 . don chend luaidhe boí for tempall an bhaile, AFM vi 1956.16 . Note also: roclúdadh na lestra fóa ccennuibh covers, tops , Ériu xiii 24.22 .

II End, end-point, termination.

10 In concrete applications: c.¤ cridi gl. uiscus, uisceris, Sg. 111b5 . nóe cend nine tips(?), LU 9835 . achind dochnama, IT iii 103.19 . a-cinn a-cruibh, RC xxiv 377.1 , .3 . cennæ na ngái, Liad. and Cuir. 12.9 . ceand muilind `the head of a mill', Ériu xvii 70 § 12 gl. 3 ( Laws iv 214.29 Comm. ). laim re ceand in droichid, Ériu xvii 72 § 13 gl. 10 . comrad chindcherchailli, TBC-LL¹ 3 . mó ná cliab co cendaib dés ` sheaves ', Metr. Dinds. iv 138.81 . do bhalad cinn én coinnle, RC xxiv 383.33 . dealg do chennaib óigsgech, IGT Decl. ex. 1082 . Metr. aisde cind tṡinte, IGT Metr. Faults §§ 48 , 49 . co casbairn chinn truim, Decl.ex. 623 (see cenntromm).

11 Of territories: a tá isin chionnsa thes (of a hill), SG 118.10 . isin c.¤ ba nesa dó don tír, AFM vi 2056.19 . i cind Maige Dála at the end of Magh Dala, Ériu i 132.74 . Of journeys: a gceann uidhe their objective, O'Hara 1241 . ceann bhar gcoimhleanga, DDána 74.56 . is iomdha slighe . . . / 's a ceann go magh nimh a-nonn, Dán Dé xxiii 4 .

12 Abstract applications: ceann m'aradhna ná léig lim let me not hold mine own bridle, IGT Decl. ex. 311 . sa chionn cunntuis in the account, Fl. Earls 90.13 . ní ricfa c.¤ scéoil úainne tar tech not a whisper of it will get out of this house, TTr.² 1796 . Of time: ar c.¤ fri c.¤ Enair `our end against the head of January' (i.e. 31 Dec. and 1 Jan.), Fél. Ep. 8 . c.¤ do shaoghail, BNnÉ 293 § 12 v.l. For sa cheann cháol etc. see cáel. do cheann don dáil `what you shall get in this affair', Content. xxvii 15 .

13 Of the end or completion of an affair, etc.: foruirmed c.¤ forsnaib cotarsnaib gl. aduersa nostra . . . constant inpleta, Ml. 74c20 . ni tucthar c.¤ essib gl. genelogís interminatís, Wb. 27d22 . oc tabairt chind for airimmeirt sluaigh ┐ shochaidhi, TTr.² 310 ( LL 400b10 ). cend ┐ forcenn air sin that's enough of that(?), Acall. 5361 . ní bia cend for th'ermitin `there shall be no limit to thy dignity', Celtica iv 16.180 .

III Of persons, chief, head person, leader.

14 Legal: nad cennaib coirib comallat, ZCP xiv 379 § 43 `cond . . . den voll Geschäftsfähigen. Die andern haben einen cond als c. `Haupt' über sich, der sie `unterstüzt', für sie in ihren Sachen spricht, etc. ', 380 . rí bunaid cach cinn, Críth G. 447 `caput, head of family, individual', Vocab. fortét cech c.¤ ba tressa(i) inní bes étressa, 474 . c.¤ caich iar nduinib i fine besid sruithe, ZCP xiv 369 § 31 ( Laws ii 278.21 ). cend cartus a memar a chief who rejects his tenant, Laws v 164.19 Comm. dlegaid cind cuindreach `the chiefs are bound to rectify', 440.23 . cach cind (sic MS) a chonrach, ACL iii 227.31 .

15 In non-legal contexts: cend do ḟeraib Herenn Patraic, Thes. ii 326.32 (Hy. iv gl.). for bélaib a cind ┐ a tigernad, Alex. 274 . M. . . . fa chend ar clēirchib, ZCP viii 120.5 . na cinn clāena cin crābud `the wicked, impious chiefs', Ériu iii 30 § 8 . a cheann féin `his Master', PBocht 11.20 .

16 With follg. noun in gen. indicating category of persons: c.¤ bocht almoner (?), AU ii 32.4 . c.¤ cáid caillech n-Érenn, Fél. Feb. 1 . cend degban is deorad, SG 64.35 . c.¤ fedna see fedan. c.¤ fine head of family or clan: lochdach an Róisdeach achd ón chionn fhine, IGT Decl. 7.14 . da ch.¤ fhine ina ionad, AFM iv 1146.16 . i ndioghail a ccind ḟine, iii 404.z . i ndegaid in chinn manach the abbot, Ériu iii 100 § 25c . c.¤ in réclessa, Ríocht na Midhe viii 15 . c.¤ sluag fer Fáil, Trip.² 1793 v.l. Cf. also: is cend daim for dartoid [.i.] mōrpersan for becphopul, O'Mulc. 753 .

17 With follg. gen. of abstr.: c.¤ athchomairc see athchomarc. ar gceann bāidhei-ne an bhean our chief love (of Mary), Dán Dé ii 29 . cend cathaigthe as chalma ro bai do Leith Mogha battle-leader , RC xviii 11.24 . a Chind, coisc na crích (a chind coisc ?), Ériu vii 221 § 22 . c.¤ comairle cuindrig muintire fri comairle comneirt, ‘a “head of counsel” who controls the household with advice of equal strength’, CL 240.3 . nach ben forsa-mbe c.¤ comuirle, ZCP xiv 375 § 38 . cenn comuirle ┐ adchomairc fer mBregh n-uile, 'chief counsellor and consultant of the men of all Brega', AU² 374.6 . in fer ba húasle ┐ ba mó rath issin túaith iss e ba cend comairle do chách, LL 118 . co tech ar cind comairle, ‘to our counsellor’s house’, Éigse vii 77 §11 . cend crabaid ermoir Erenn paragon of piety, RC xxvi 362.2 . gan chend cundraid na comairle rempo, LL 12344 (TBC). uair robesin cend gaili . . . sluaig, Cog. 194. 29 . c.¤ ecna . . . iartair domain, CS 320.9 . c.¤ cech erais, Fél. Apr. 23 . in bandea ingen Terrae cend scaílti scél in betha chief disseminator of news, LL 31001 (TTr.). a chend sochair slúaig Ulad chief benefactor, MU² 58 . In follg. perh. headquarters, centre : uail (= bhail) itā ceand in cogaidh, ZCP viii 115.18 . baili i mbai cend ídlachta ┐ druídechta na Héirenn, Trip.² 431 . flaitheas Dé is ceann chomhsanta dhúinne, Eochairsg. 98.25 ( end, goal ?).

IV Used in a wide variety of adverbial and prepositional phrases.

18 cinn at the end of (see 33, 40, 52) (ciunn, cinn, dative without preposition, GOI 537 ): cinn rehe gl. secundum hoc tempus, Wb. 4c11 . cinn blíadnae at the end of a year, Fél. Sept. 17 . cind .ix. mís, LU 1662 . cind in tres laí, 7977 (BDD). cind cethri ndíni `at the end of four genera- tions', Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 1 . cind mile bliadan, Ériu ii 132 § 109 .

19 In phr. cinn chomair: nó huachiunn chomair gl. e rigione `or, from before', Ml. 119a9 (`von dem Anfang der Richtung', Ped. KZ xxxv 435 ). fri re mis cind comar, AU ii 88.x . Usually of place (see 28, 31): cinn chomair gl. contra (solem), BCr. 33c17 . for in phurt cind chomair dó `opposite to him', RC xiv 406.1 ( LL 12675 ). cind comair frissin ṁbeist n-amnais, LL 398b18 = cinnchomair, TTr.² 148 . i cinncomair friu opposite them, CCath. 5561 . ro badhusa cind comraic riusom, Acall. 6795 . Cf. i comair chind airtherthuascertaig, LL 3865 = hi comardus cind, etc., RC xv 283 § 29 .

Usually with prec. prep. In the follg. sections the arrangement is according to the preceding preposition, with which an adverbial in addition to a prepositional phrase is frequently formed. In a number of cases meanings under various prepositions coincide.

With A.

20 In sense of ós ciunn (60): asa chind guarding him, Metr. Dinds. iv 358.94 . ata M. . . . asa mo chind-sa oc fúr m'anma, PH 806 . batar a cind na cathrach who were over the city, 2488 . In diff. sense: as a cheann féin `of his own Head' (of his own accord), Donlevy 330.16 . The follg. are obscure (leg. ar for as in one or more of the exx. ?): cen ascur sáitha asa chiunn `without remission of tribulation from His presence(?)' (in store for him ?), Wb. 25d16 . conid ari rogabad al-lam a pardus dochum gortæ ┐ bochtæ . . . ┐ bais ┐ hifirn asa cind `thenceforth', Ériu vii 164 § 8 . ? gidh bé do cuir asa chionn `it matters not whom he drove from his head' (Notes), Duan. F. i 32.20 . Perh. in literal sense: in t-ēolus-[s]a rádi rimm, / ferr duit nā cloisti as do chínn, ZCP xiii 3 § 2 .

With AR (see also 42).

21 ar chenn with vbs. of motion towards, in the direction of, to meet (see 39, 45): ceni esǽrsitis in choirp ara c.¤ `to meet them', Ml. 15c8 . condaáerset do failti ar ch.¤ a rríg to welcome their King, 46a12 . ara cénn gl. occurrentes, 60d5 . do-luid in biail arithissi ar ch.¤ inna samthige came back to the handle, Tur. 131 . techt ar ch.¤ Crist, Wb. 25d25 . co toracht Emain Macha ar cend Conchobair, LU 8073 ( FB 4 ). ní-s-cuirfind techta ar dho chend-sa, PH 450 . canat biet in alltair / ar ch.¤ clocáin don phroindtig at the sound of the refectory bell, Ériu iii 102 § 28 . gearr go dtiocfa teachtaire / . . . / ar do cheann, DDána 56.1 . docuaidh . . . arcinn na conuire a ticcidh aran sliabh `went to the road', ZCP vi 56.8 . Cf. airg ┐ áird-leasdair . . . do chomdhlúthúghadh ar cheann na céd aimsire do thairrngir D. . . . dhóib `against', ML 6.25 .

22 Of going to meet in battle: ara chend dait a Fergus, LU 6698 . rotbīa F. . . . ar ndul ar c[h]end ind ḟir ucut, TBC-I¹ 1247 (LU).

23 In sense of going or coming for, to fetch someth.: is ar ch.¤ focheda dodechommar `to meet suffering', Wb. 25a12 . tecat ar ch.¤ in chon co sochruid to fetch the hound, Sc.M² 4 . dula uaimm ar do chend-su to fetch you, PH 446 . teacht ar ceand cind duine isinn ārmuig, RC xxiv 58 § 18 . in lind ara tánac c.¤ the water for which thou camest, Ériu iv 106.7 . ? ochd bhféinnidhe as ḟearr a n-ágh / ar ceann t'éindighi d'fúarán, IGT Decl. ex. 1333 . socraiti do dol . . . ar cend artraige dochum Domnaill, Ann. Conn. 1248.5 . Note also: do lleblaing int écne ara chend (ref. to ordnasc f.), TBFr. 208 , cf. Meyer Contribb., Fraech p. 35 .

24 In meanings of tar c.¤ (66-70) (confusion of prepp.): cuirtha cumtaige ara cend `buildings were overthrown', KMMisc. 152.62 . ar cinn a chesta ┐ a caingne, Anecd. i 42.9 . tagra . . . do thagras ar cheann Mumhan on behalf of, Content. xviii 12 .

25 ar chiunn of time in the future, afterwards, later : frisnaccai archiunn gl. ad aliquam rem, Ml. 53b23 . artha ciúnn són gl. in posteram, 132a3 (see note). ar chinn gl. adhuc, Wb. 2a9 . archiunn . . . diéis gl. siue ante seu retro, BCr. 31b4 - 5 . ar oman imtormaich ina pecad ar chiund future sins, Ériu xix 58 § 6 . in maith iar cind future good, LU 9889 (for ar ch.¤ ?). rogabsat flaith ar chiund from then on, ZCP viii 313.21 . doairchaintis . . . anno bíth ar chind dóib, Trip.² 327 . ? mod airchiund di lubair a disposition ready for work(?), Rawl. B 512, 40c (Plummer MS. notes).

26 ar chiunn as quasi-adj. of points of time next, following, ensuing (in later lang. somet. with (i)ar in this use): san aidhchi ar chínd, BB 39b6 . co belltaine ar cind, BColm. 92.2 . an bliadhain ar ccionn, Leb. Gab.(i) 56.4 . isin laithe ar ccind, 146.2 . In later lang. also as prep. with poss. in this sense: go medhōn oidhche buī ar a gcionn, Fl. Earls 8.20 . go Bealltaine ar a gcionn till the following May, Keat. ii 3137 . See 38 .

27 ar chiunn in textual reff. below, in what follows; later, following : forsin canoin ar chiunn `on the following Scripture passage', Ml. 54c34 . trachtad . . . forsa nouit ar chiunn `on nouit that follows', 64a7 . in testimin ar chiunn `the following text', 104b3 . titul in dligid ar chinn, Wb. 10a12 . ata ní ar chiunn, Sg. 39b10 .

28 ar chiunn in front of, before (see 19): córus dúne ríg . . . ar chi[u]nn a thúaithe, Críth G. 566 `vis-à-vis', Vocab. bui siom oc huamim ara cind `before her', Mon. Tall. 149.18 . co nacca ara chind in fer, TBC-I¹ 448 . Cf. muir ara cendaib, in nem huasa ṁbennaib, 3006 . amail nobeith beo ar a chind as if he were alive in front of him, ACL iii 5.5 .

29 ar chiunn awaiting, ready for, in anticipation of (someone or someth. arriving): biid ersoilcthi ar chiunn for ríg gl. eliuamini, portae aeternales, Ml. 46a7 . ni farnic-sede nach maid ara chiun isin domun, Wb. 2a21 . ar ar ciunn-[n]i `against our coming', 25a33 . anais ar cionn antsluaigh `waited for', Blathm. 102 § 41 . co fuaratar a cele isind apdaine ara cind `on their arrival', Mon. Tall. 162.30 . aínínbuidh na fuair acht triur ar a chinn thall isin fíne (of a man who has joined or rejoined the tribe from outside), Laws iv 294.26 Comm. ar cinn ṡamraid at the arrival of summer, ZCP vii 310 § 8 . dá rabh a Rí na glóire / . . . / do mhaor ar chionn na coinnmhe / liom if Thy steward receive the company, Dán Dé xiv 11 . ar cinn chamhárach before daybreak, IGT Decl. ex. 1195 . ar cinn in lae, Fier. 135 . With petrified masc. poss.: arna beith ar a chind `in her way', RC xi 452.2 , cf. Meyer Contribb.

30 ar chiunn of time in store for (see 51): a fil ar mo chiunn gl. ad destinatum, Wb. 24a15 . cén bes fine ar a cinn as long as he has descendants, Laws iv 240.19 Comm. a n-airchend fil ar ar cinn the destiny which awaits us, Ériu i 68.12 . fuair Poimp bas ┐ fuair cidh Cesair ara cind afterwards, CCath. 8308 .

31 ci(u)nn ar chi(u)nn face to face, at grips (see 19, 54): atraig cach fer di alailiu . . . co m-bátar cind ar chind is taig, IT i 67 (LMU). fíal tened ┐ fíal d'aigriud . . . cind ar cind, LU 2067 ( FA 14 , cf. RC xxvi 148 § 27 ). inn-uair dobímmis cind ar chind, RC vii 302.1 . as and baoi Laogh ┐ a brathoir ciond ar ciond, ZCP x 295.27 . cind ar cind fri Dunchad, Ériu v 242.153 .

With co.

32 co c.¤ to the end, to completion (see 43): berthi leiss co c.¤ gl. perficiet, Wb. 23a19 . ní dernad in cnocc co c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 44.79 . is co cend in cuidbiud the mockery has come to a head, Ériu i 118 § 10 . Cheville: céim co cend, Metr. Dinds. iv 26.9 .

33 co c.¤ with nouns indicating periods of time till the end of, for the duration of (see 18, 40, 52): co c.¤ blīadne, Thes. ii 319 ( Hy. ii 56 ). co c.¤ cairdi, Críth G. 366 . co cend trédenuis, PH 1859 . go ceann cóig n-aimsear, DDána 6.9 . go ceatra ceand[a] raithi `for four quarter-years', Magauran 804 . Note also: in fer co cind a chéli, MU² 991 `against', Gloss.

With DI and/or DO.

34 di chennaib of poetical composition appar. extemporaneously (see however Thurn. cited below and compare aisnēis do c[h]ennaib a chnāmae, Corm. Y 756 , which may point to a ritualistic procedure of some kind): canad do chennaibh, Ériu xiii 17.5 . ailges do ceanduibh, O'D. 2208 (Nero A vii, 144a). dligedh do feghar saor daor do chennaibh, Ériu xiii 25.30 = fedhair .i. dorenar, ut est dliged dofedhar sóer, dóer dochennaib .i. continuo , O'Dav. 828 . do . . . suid filed for-can di c[h]ennaib `von (seinen Knochen-) Enden', ZCP xvi 175 § 4 ( Laws i 40 , co ndenand rand can smuainedh, 42 Comm. ). is dochennaib . . . ro trial Dallán a duain do denum `extempore', RC xx 122.z (ACC). Also in phr. díchetal di chennaib, see díchetal. cetal do chendaib (a metre), IT iii 61 § 123 . See Ériu xlviii 45 .

35 intan tét a laithe di chiunn `passes away', Ml. 21c3 .

36 di and/or do chiunn in return for, for the sake of, instead of, on condition of, because of, for , etc. (see 68): do chinn a mbíd, SR 3406 . do c[h]inn loghaidh `in return for remission of tribute', Ériu xvii 22 § 16 . dúais do chionn chomáoine a quid pro quo , KMMisc. 346.28 . sgēl do chinn chummaéine, Anecd. i 36.3 . dia chind an tsréin in return for the bridle, BColm. 38 § 40 . nech . . . do cathugud di chend Crist for, PH 789 . do tairgeadh bó aile dí da cind, Imr. Brain 58.30 . berair-siu mac díachinn in its place, Cóir Anm. 133 . do chinn mo claidhem fen instead of my own sword, Fier. 60 . ragtais dia chind i comrac on his behalf, Metr. Dinds. iii 446.88 . do chionn a seachna `on condition of' (notes), Dán Dé x 12 . ró-mhór fuaramar d'a chionn too much we have got from it, Ériu i 96 § 52 . do chionn ubhaill, DDána 26.6 . do chionn an tshaoghail do thréigean through abandoning, Beatha S. F. 748 . dá chionn on that account, TSh. 1942 . do cind ced cennaighechta do denum in order to get leave, ZCP vi 90.15 . ar ngellad a marbtha d'Ulliam Burc do chind luaigi in consideration of, Ann. Conn. 1310.5 .

37 Of soliciting or having intercourse with a woman in spite of or unknown to her husband, etc. (see 70): comrac frim dot chind-so, Fing. R. 114 `in disregard of', Vocab. ben-side Ch. . . . co rustoirrchestar E. do chind a cēile, Corp. Gen. 139.x . a breth di-a chind (another man's wife), PH 833 . luid . . . F. . . . do thochmarc a mnā do chind Oilella, Fianaig. 6.16 . docomraiced-som fria mnaib aili dia cind si in disregard of her, ZCP i 104.10 .

38 Various: cia ruslā dia c[h]ind . . . T. . . . is he rosla(n) dar a chend, ZCP xiii 7.24 . conom thí de chind chúarda till it is my turn(?), LU 6699 ( TBC-I¹ 2158 ). ar chuir dá ceann all he added to it(?) (cf. 48), DDána 91.14 . ó Inid go Cáisg dá gcionn till the following Easter (see 26), Aithd. D. 75.18 . ? nior cuir dha chionn do bhí ag Fionn, Duan. F. i 32.20 .

With FO.

39 fo ch.¤ towards, against, for (see 21, 45): teacht fam cheann `(to) attack me', Content. xviii 1 . éirghid fo cend mo c[h]reiche they go for my booty, ZCP viii 226.22 . Note also: gabh fád cheann mo chonmharccsa `take upon thee my quarrel(?)', Studies 1924, 243 § 12 .

40 Of time within, during (see 18, 33, 52): fo ch.¤ aimsire giorra at the end of a short time, Ériu v 188.456 . fo c.¤ begain aimsiri, Stair Erc. 258 . fo chionn dā lō go n-oidhche, Fl. Earls 10.16 .

41 fo ch.¤ (less freq. chiunn) about, concerning, with regard to, for the sake of, etc. (see 59): ? craed aderum focheann, YBL 149a4 . fuaire a chách a-taoi fám chionn towards me, Dánta Gr. 86.8 . fa a gcionn because of them, DDána 25a1 . déna . . . fá ch.¤ oirbire t'filedh `to thy poet's objurgation make concession', O'Gr. Cat. 402.20 . mar go bhfuair duadh ┐ doghruing fá a ceann `on her account', Keat. ii 2342 . ? alaind a dath / fa ceand na cuach, IGT Metr. Faults§ 68 .

With FOR.

42 for c.¤ , ciunn. Usually = ar ch.¤ , chiunn (21 ff.): an do lotar for cend conaire, Vita Br. 40 `as they were proceeding on their way', Ir. Hist. Stud. i 132 . dochuaid fóncaillid forcend chonnaid for firewood, RC ii 396 § 33 . ro-fhóidestar P. . . . gilla turusa for cend Ísu, PH 2602 . for bar cind, LU 8388 ( FB 26 ). doluid D. for cuinn (leg. ciunn) a sethar do ḟailte frie, Rawl. 134b1 . co tarrla in muir ina clár comréidh . . . for cinn in catha, CCath. 1927 . for a g-ceann awaiting them, ML 44.22 . gusin dia dardaoin buī dō for cionn `until the Thursday following', Fl. Earls 258.4 . Perh. for orig. tar c.¤ (68 ff.) in: du gabail rigi for ch.¤ á athar `in his father's stead', Ml. 44d29 . cach adaltrach do-t[h]et for ceand cetmuintire, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 (`in spite of', note p. 50) ( Laws ii 384.1 ). do accallaim Grigair for cend uird ┐ riagla, LU 3095 (fo ch.¤ ?).

With I.

43 beirid, do-beir i cinn finishes, completes (see 32): doberar opair i cind and sain, LL 32264 ( TTr. 1452 ). maine berthar i cinn, 400b18 . ? focal nāchar thuill a gciond (: rinn), ZCP viii 223.x .

44 do-tuit etc. ina ch.¤ falls down, topples (see 67): a toitim ina chend dorisi, TTebe 1669 . ag tuitim ina ccenduibh do bhedis colamhuin . . . na cathrach, Ériu iv 56.18 .

45 i c.¤ in contexts implying motion (us. with prec. vb.) to, in the direction of, towards, against (see 21, 39): na torcair nemh inna ccent `on them', Blathm. 68 . lotir remib hi cend in Brogo, LU 10575 . co torracht C. i c.¤ in droichit cucu, CCath. 1283 . ben sund i cend for máthar, Metr. Dinds. iii 6.55 . dorat . . . / Conall i cend Chonculaind matched C. against C., Metr. Dinds. iii 446.96 . ro cuired cach i ceann araili dona Romanchaib, CCath. 3159 . an uair chuirid i n-a chionn when they oppose him, DDána 96.33 . connsuine . . . do rachadh na cheann, mur atá so: slat ┐ dearg, slaitearg sin which would be assimilated to it, IGT Introd. 10.2 . do tuit an torc a cend a choss fell forward, BCC 324.30 .

46 i c.¤ with prec. vb. of motion and follg. Vn. etc. in g s. implying beginning or undertaking of an action: o dochotar . . . i c.¤ taispenta ind immuin do G., Lib. Hymn. 63.40 . do chuadar i cend a retha took to their heels, MR 318.4 . notheiged-som ┐ a gilla a cend bleogain na bo, Ériu v 34.22 . ná ragaind i ceand catha ina agaid, FDG² 465 . dochuaid i cend in sceoil (d'innisin, v.l.) `she went ahead with the tale', TTebe 1833 . T. . . . do dol a c.¤ oilithri, Ann. Conn. 1307.18 . lotar . . . i cend séta, TBC-LL¹ 451 . Note also: ra érig in fili ┐ do chúaid i n-a cend ┐ issed ro ráid, LL 39018 ( SG 385.34 `went to work'; `came to them', Stokes, RC xiii 107 ).

47 i c.¤, ciunn in addition to (see 63): foghellta ┐ bleth do dul ina ceand `shall be added', Laws iv 130.27 Comm. Matha a cind Crist ro scrib a shoscéla together with, LB 153a64 . ag flaith Li do chím 'na cheann / ní do gach tír 'na thimcheall also, Ériu v 64.15 . a cc.¤ gach sgéil eile dar innis doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 196.32 . a c.¤ a roibhi aigi, ZCP vi 51.10 . na c.¤ sin in addition, Maund. 15 . hi cc.¤ a chéle together, Hugh Roe² 40.13 .

48 cuirid i c.¤ adds to (see 38): cindus do-chuirfed tuilled i n-a chend, PH 7730 . cuir 'na ceand, O'Gr. Cat. 311.9 . teine do cur a ceann teineadh making bad worse, 23 P 10 ³, 15a30 . Note also: ni fuair Fergus ríam ni do cuirfe a cend Modha do marbadh do Dubthach `anything to compare with the slaughter of M. by D.', Celt. Rev. ii 116.x .

49 i c.¤ in preference to: am cheann do chomóradh 'was given preferential treatment over me', Ériu lxiv 162 § 1.7​​​ . S. . . . do chor i tticcernus . . . hi ccend Ch., AFM iii 360.16 . taisech do denam doib do mac M. . . . ina c.¤ , Ann. Conn. 1262.9 .

50 i ciunn at the head of for purpose of leading: m'anam-sa a Dhé mar budh dall / sé 's an chalann-sa 'n-a cionn, Dán Dé xxiii 13 . bi 'n-a cinn = ducas eum, Smaointe B. Chr. 1050 .

51 i ciunn in store for, destined (see 30): a-tá lá cúirte 'n-ar gcionn, DDána 23.29 . a uilc i gcionn gach chiontaigh his wrongdoings await every sinner (for punishment), Dán Dé vii 15 . i gc.¤ gach baíth a baegul, MR 286.21 . go bhfuil an bás . . . i gcionn gach aoin, TSh. 99 .

52 i ciunn of time at the end of (see 18, 33, 40): a cínd da bliadna onaímsir-si two years ago , RC x 186.1 . hi cind tredenais, ACL iii 309.10 . a cc.¤ a fhichet bliadhna da aois in the twentieth year of his age, Rel. Celt. ii 196.7 . a ccionn trí lá, Desid. 6345 .

53 Various: i mbun na gabla ro boí hi ciund tened over against, LU 9194 ( FB 92 ). a cheann i cind tened, ZCP i 464.33 . gach aon a gceann a dhíre ┐ a dhúthchasa féin in possession of, ML 102.14 . mac S. a cind arrad at the head of nobles, Ériu v 244.194 . in cís d'ícc a cind chruid, LB 133b56 `in respect of', Todd Lect. vi 40.6 .

c.¤ i c.¤ (ceann a cceann is an exception to the rule that the same word may not be used more than once in a line, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.36 ). ? ceann a ceann, .c. o an doilgheas, 55.24 . Also cionn a ccionn (: fionn), 25.1 .

54 c.¤ i c.¤ = ci(u)nn ar chi(u)nn (31): misi do cur c.¤ i cc.¤ / as Cuchulainn, TBC-LL¹ 3151 . cuirid c.¤ hi c.¤ , Fianaig. 60.27 . is and sin . . . do rancadar Leth Cuind ┐ Laigin ceand i cend, RC xxiv 50 § 10 . go g-cómhraiceam ceann a g-ceann, ML 82.25 .

55 c.¤ i c.¤ together; simultaneously : Conchabor, Aedh cend a cend `head to head' (of kings buried together), Ériu ii 166.47 . cia leitir sin c.¤ a c.¤ / dognīad lethfod is lethtenn, ZCP xii 295.8 . nocor thathaigh ceann i c.¤ / na cuic cuicidh na hEirenn, xi 43 § 31 . cred dorad tu c.¤ a c.¤ / a comhaitreab na catcend?, KMMisc. 315.16 . trí Cormaic theas ceann i gceann / im an seang, DDána 91.33 . do dortsed fair cend i cend (of attackers), Ann. Conn. 1405.15 .

56 c.¤ i c.¤ successively (see Aithd. D. Vocab.): gan a ccloistecht cend i ccend / gabhāla airdrīogh [n]Ērenn, ZCP viii 218.30 . fiss gach catha c.¤ a ceand, Anecd. i 29 § 35 . rob ionchuir é, ceann a cceann / is inghean airdrīgh Éireand point by point, KMMisc. 356.7 .

With IMM.

57 is fachain dá gcar um cheann to make them change their attitude(?), DDána 67.4 . (taken by Ed. as i and mo).

58 imm ch.¤ about, around : tarrassaid inn irgal im chend Connacht, LL 12308 (TBC). doiri crannrabhan mad cheann round thee, Magauran 436 . ní ráidhte um cheann gcomhóla during a drinking-bout, O'Hara 146 . radharc um cheann a calaidh `the sight of its shores' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 52.35 .

59 imm ch.¤ about, concerning, with regard to (see 41): rola B. . . . / ilach im cheand Feargaile (perh. in semi-literal sense), RC xxiv 54 § 14 . imcheand cach formaid bai etarru `for all the ill-feeling', Ériu ii 178.16 . an-scél . . . im-c.¤ deilbe . . . in-domain, RC xxiv 369.5 . t'fhearg . . . um cheann do chloinne, DDána 10.22 . um cheann craos-óil in the matter of, TSh. 7446 .

With ós (see 20).

60 ós chiunn (on as cionn beside ós chionn see Desid. p. xxxv ). In more or less literal sense: in tituil robói huas ciunn Crist isin chroich over Christ's head, Ml. 74b1 . ōs chinn sanct-Brigte, Thes. ii 329.2 ( Hy. v 15 ). Over, above: baí . . . ben . . . oc airiuc dont ṡluág os a cind, LL 259b15 . Cuncha cnoc os cind Life, ZCP xi 41 § 1 . nochtais . . . in claidheab os cind na hingeine, RC vi 175.30 . ós chionn mo leabhráin studying, Content. ii 14 . ōs a ch.¤ , Fl. Earls 66.15 .

61 With prec. vb. of motion: tānic . . . ōs ceann N. made for, Celtica i 116.118 . téighim ós chionn a chosnaimh I undertake to defend it, Content. xxi 12 .

62 in control of, in charge of: os chionn Bhanbha, Content. xxx 26 . sdiobhard ós ceann mhórāin maoine, Mac Aingil 568 . ōs cionn in cholāiste, Fl. Earls 68.25 .

63 over and above, in addition to (see 47): ós c.¤ fhichit each, AFM iv 1134.28 . faoi nó ós a chionn `or thereabouts', Corp. Astron. 4.12 . ōs a ch.¤ sin `besides', Fl. Earls 90.15 .

64 Note also: bun ós cionn `upside down', Psalms cxlvi 9 . más bun os cionn atá sé `if he haue any auersion', RSClára 155a . For fuller treatment see 1 bun.

65 With ré: ria cind tri trath in three days, RC xvii 386.2 .

With TAR (see also 24, 42).

66 fo-ceird etc. tar c.¤ (somet. with possess. before c.¤ ) overthrows, upsets, turns upside down : in cor tar c.¤ gl. euersio, Ml. 36d23 . gl. euertando, 72b12 . tochur tar c.¤ , Críth G. 233 . ro lá in slúag . . . tara cend, LU 9760 . fochichret in Trói dar cend, TTr.² 389 . ro-chuir cend dar cend . . . miassa na monotóri, PH 4392 . is e ro-lá dar cend ar forcetul-ne subverted, 1686 . See fo-ceird. Cf. dos-curedar tara cend 'she collapses', CMMucr. 50 § 43 .

67 With do-tuit (see 44): co torchratar . . . dara c.¤ hi suan, ZCP iii 6 § 20 .

68 tar c.¤ on behalf of, for the sake of, in return for, in lieu of, because of, for, etc. (see 36): dufiastar tara c.¤-som `punishment will be inflicted for them', Ml. 27c4 . deich tarm ch.¤ `take vengeance for me', 72d11 . no oircthe . . . tar c.¤ a p[ecthae] ind aile `for its sins', Tur. 110c . taiccéra cách dará chen fessin gl. pro sé, Wb. 6b28 . oc irbáig dar far c.¤-si gl. de uobis, 16d8 . ? mo ort do gabál darm ch.¤ `that my rank should be taken for me', 23b18 . a setig . . . do pennait tar a cend fadesin ┐ dara cendsom on her own behalf and his, Mon. Tall. 163.18 . dar cend na cāna in return for, Cáin Ad. 25 . ciata glinni con-daigi dar cend frithaisceda?, MU² 65 . do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach a hArdmacha dar cend in cuilmin, ACL iii 5.31 . na feicheamna dara tecait cend, Laws iv 60.18 Comm. tarc.¤ gabhála aigi ┐ tacra tar a ch.¤ pleading in his behalf, CCath. 535 . díol tar ceann a chomaoineadh, Content. ix 25 . tar ceann do chloinne, Dán Dé xxviii 29 .

69 in spite of, in violation of; notwithstanding : ba holc lais dith Fergail darceand a shida, RC xxiv 64 § 25 . tar c.¤ Conoill, Duan. F. i 84.8 . tar a cheann sin nevertheless , Desid. 3220 .

70 Of begetting offspring by a woman in spite of or unknown to her husband (see 37): trī meic Medba fri Fergus dar c.¤ nAilella, Corp. Gen. 279.1933 . mac ruc don Dagda . . . / dar cend ḟir na síde, Metr. Dinds. iii 30.75 . is e doroine in toirrcis sin fria dar c.¤ Cathbaid, RC vi 175.51 .

71 As conj. tar c.¤ go notwithstanding the fact that, although : tar ceann go n-abair an Chóir Anmann gur . . . ní mheasaim gurab . . . , Keat. ii 2344 . tar cheann go n-anann tú feadh do bheathadh san olc, Mac Aingil 1040 . tar ceann gur shaoil . . . notwithstanding the fact that, TSh. 541 . tar cheann go bhfuil mórán etc. even though there are . . . , Párl. na mB. 461 .

Compds. (general composition-form in early lang. cenn-. Later also cinn- and ceinn- before palatals).

With nouns.

72 In dvandva-compds. (see Wortk. 130 ): bidh suī lēigind co cendanim head and soul, ACL iii 231.22 . cend-chossach head and feet (of cooked animal), Ériu iv 124 § 2 .

73 With c.¤ qualifying second member: cu nach fácbadh claidem ar cennadairt, Acall. 1632 = SG 129. 29 `pillow' ( -adart, BLism. 212 rb13) . Fig. cennadart fona fertaib inso, Thes. ii 332.27 ( Hy. v 23 gl .). Of a person: O'M. a cceann adhart, Top. Poems 58.18 . oenball dia curp nó da cendagaid `countenance', CCath. 4700 . gráin catha ar mo cheannaghaidh (sic leg.), Content. xxiii 15 . tria cendairde no tria cendísli doníther in taidbhriudh anuasan, O'D. 908 (H. 3.17, 649) = O'Curry 2164 ( Eg. 88, 4(5)d ) (see O'Gr. Cat. 139 ). cennait muilind `the head (site) of a mill', Ériu xvii 76.10 . cennáit `head residence', AFM v 2082.2 . ? Cf. an chríoch nó an cionnaidh is dúthaigh dhó, TSh. 1775 (chianáit, v.l., Gloss.). ar Chrīst ar cennabaid chief lord, ZCP viii 214.6 . do ghabh clogat . . . fa n-a cheann-bhaithios `head', MR xiv 21 . ¤barr see cen(n)barr. ¤bécc see cennbécc. ¤bert see ceinnbeirt. cennbhile oir na n-ardriog (a prince), LL 394.8 . bheith dheit ad chinnbhile ós coill, O'Gr. Cat. 381.22 . súdh ceannbhracha `malt liquor', O'Hara 4076 . in Cennc[h]at[h]ach ina laimh .i. a bachall, Lism. L. 3103 . ¤chléithe = cenn: scothais a chenn clēithi de, ZCP viii 117 § 12 . ní chuirthear ceannchnaipe óir ar phaidrín mhaide, Mac Aingil 1041 `Pater Noster bead(?)', Gloss. lom[r]aid a cendchongraim din mnái headdress, Hib. Min. 77.9 . ceann cosnamach comegin C. `violent groans', MR 260.6 (leg. ¤osnadach ?). for cenn-cumhdach a choroine ` head-covering ', Misc. Hag. Hib. 43 § 62 . capitolauium .i. cenddīunach, Corm. Y 296 . cend-drong filed fó fírda, Metr. Dinds. i 36.93 . inceindetan gl. gigram, Gild. Lor. 82 . donchendfiacail gl. capitali, 134 . ¤ḟochrus see cennḟochrus. cenngalor (in marg. dolor capitis), Wb. 17b25 . Vita Br. 28 . dia ro h-icad don cheann-galar, YBL 174b23 . ? ni tormaig ni fora notrus . . . a cendgelt, Ériu xii 40 § 51 ; 'tonsure' ZCP xlii 48 . caeca echlosc orda co cendimlaib airgid, IT ii2 191.14 (cennpairtib, v.l.) `end knobs'? Plummer MS notes. ¤ísle see cendairde. ¤lá see cennlá. ¤liter capital letter. Usually metaph. of persons and things: cinn-litre ceall `the capitals of the churches', Content. xv 30 , cf. xviii 73 . dún iona cáir cinnlitre, Ériu v 60.4 . ceinnlitir siodha ┐ coccaidh `arbiter', AFM iv 976.3 . snímcha cendmaisse `head- dress', Tec. Corm. xvi 84 . cendmaisse laime glove, Acall. 5971 v.l. ¤míl name of an ornament: coíca acrann . . . co cendmílaib, TBFr. 31 . fuath . . . [na] cendmila tucsat a coscar catha, Aen. 1563 . Of persons: Ísa Críst . . . in cennmíl cumdachta, ZCP viii 204.34 . ní ba cendmíl muinntiri / nech nach fulaing a hécnach, iv 468 § 17 . a fírchlethe a chendmullaig, LU 6475 . brat tlachtgorm corcarrda hi cennfait impe (i.e. thrown over her head?) (cennḟait, MS), TBC-I¹ 2791 . cendpaite imma cenna `fillets', RC ix 484 n.5 . cinnréallna `stars of first magnitude', Ó Bruad. iii 14.7 . cend-róit `highway', CRR 28 . (Auricula Muris) ceinn-sgethrach do ghenam dhe, ┐ glanaidh an inchinn o na salcar, 23 K 42, 367.5 (see sceithrech). fá cheannsmacht, Oss. iv 274.24 . ` paitric' cennsrián, Metr. Gl. 19 `headstall', Plummer MS notes. dotuit ar a cenntruime topheaviness, O'Dav. 200 . cenntruime .i. gin collad, O'Curry 2598 ( Eg. 88, 50(51)d ). cend-urra a slánaigthe `Captain', Heb. ii 10 .

With adjectives.

74 C. chendalaind, ZCP xi 41 § 5 . cendard cassetnach, IT iii 246.80 . dá ech . . . cendbeca, LU 9257 . na dá chendbricc 'the two piebald-headed ones' TBC-LL² 1086 . cnā ceand-buidhi, ZCP v 22 § 16 . tre cnoccuibh corra cenncæla, ZCP vi 290.22 . ic imbirt fidchilli .i. na Cendchaeme (as subst.), LL 8350 (TBC). ingena cendálli cendchassa curly-headed, 31382 (TTr.). do innsaighi cnuic cennchuirr, ZCP vi 60.12 . cendchrom torsech, LL 12064 (TBC). ¤étig freq. as n. pr., see Corp. Gen. etc. trian a scéith chendfhada comdhualaig, ZCP xiii 211.11 . ar coiciud cendḟind Connacht, LL 3224 . See cenann. cheillínill / ceandfolaim, IT iii 92 § 139 . an fer cendgarb, i 273.29 ( FB 40 Eg.). cairrge ceann-gharbha, ML 34.4 . cranngal cheinngér, IGT Decl. ex. 905 . Eoghan an airm cheannghlais, DDána 99.40 . ar taisbenad a craisigi cenn-guirme catha, MR 196.5 . ¤grúcánach see grúcánach. a muinter . . . cendísel Corccaige `hang-head', MacCongl. 29.22 . arocul becc . . . cendisel low-pitched, Todd Lect. vi 42.2 ( LB 134a35 ). laech caem cendlethan, LL 11824 (TBC). cofacca . . . in deilb . . . cennléith, Ériu iv 102.12 . ocbud . . . chendmas, Anecd. i 60.88 . a dhá chraoisigh ceann-reamhra, ML 112.21 . ar ná ba cennscoilte `lest you get your head broken', Tec. Corm. 38.26 . Cuirrín Cheannsholuis, ML 32.18 . dia sephaind céis cenntoll céol, ZCP iii 7.2 . ¤tromm see cenntromm.

Rarely with verbs:

75 ceannlasfaidh a cró coirrshleagh (of warriors), Aithd. D. 16.28 . gu cennlúbdais na clocha na caolsoighdi the stones turned the points of the arrows, Caithr. Thoirdh. 113.6 .

Freq. as second element in compds.

76 See GOI 219 (nochtchenn, ardchenn). Freq. in this use in form -genn, see GOI 87 , O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 140 . See cloicenn, cromcenn, corrcenn, 1 dícenn, táilgenn, tollcend (1 toll). Note further: crothid conchend catha ceirp, LU 3629 ( SCC 31 , see note in SC2). teiti tair fo thalmain trell / i nEgiptacthaib láncend (the Nile), LL 16325 . m. Fiachach Uanchind, Corp. Gen. 88.7 . Baccan mac Brain meic Eircc hUbulchind, Rawl. 126b43 .

77 Very freq. in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

cían

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cían or dil.ie/9003
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cén, cíana, cíana, chíana, ciana, cían, céin, céin, géin

Arch. cén ( Ériu ix 48 § 23 , xvi 146.7 below). The follg. may contain a by-form cíana: ed cíana , Harl. 5280, 42b (cited Meyer Contribb.), TTr.² 499 , hi tir chíana , Trip.² 1438 , if not attrib. gen. of the abstract cíana, q.v. Cf. also cu ciana , LL 13576 ( Irish Texts i 33.10 .).

I As adj. o, ā long, enduring; far, distant : c.¤ .i. fada, O'Cl. Attrib. of time: ho etartetarcur cián `at a long interval', Ml. 88d13 . sechmadachta ṅ-ocus ┐ c.¤ , Thes. ii 229.26 . fri ed cián for a long time, TBC-LL¹ 1846 . íar n-aimseraib cíanaib, Imr. Brain 17.12 . ra charusa in laech út uair chéin for a long time, TBC-LL¹ 4560 . loc dam-sa . . . co hūair chéin, ZCP viii 312.2 . tri rei ciana `for a long time', Ml. 90d14 . iar reib cianaib, Ériu xvi 36.5 . dolodar . . . filid . . . riab cianaib iarsna gnimaib-sea (`a little time'), Auraic. 149 = reib chianaiph, 2452 . roan . . . fri ré ciana = multis diebus, Lat. Lives 4.9 . bui iarum imale fri Fergus re ciana, Ériu xvi 37 § 1 . fria rē ciana, Grail 629 . bai cocad mor etarro fri re ciana iarsin, RC xxiv 186.9 . le headh gcian, Aithd. D. 52.5 .

Of place: i crīchaib cīanaib, ACL iii 224.20 . adclos ua na (fana v.l.) crichaib ciana comaidchi, TTebe 694 . écndairc cian ut ille gl. absenti, Sg. 138a2 . i cendachaib cianaib in domain, PH 5500 . tancatar a tirib ciana, 5497 .

Of persons: Colmān cian of yore, Corp. Gen. 126.2 . Conán máol coinntinneach c.¤ `wearisome (?)', Duan. F. ii 258 § 37 . Corpre comramach c.¤ (: fírian), LL 15741 . Nial c.¤ Caille `old', Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 42 .

Other applications: ce beo i tairisium chian, Airne F. 138 . gidh céim c.¤ , BS 120.15 . faghail chian distant, Magauran 4396 . in cú ch.¤ (: níad), LL 29333 .

Predic. with copula, usually long (of time): ni ba cián ṁbete oca cloinib, Ml. 28a10 . nipi c.¤ a masse in choirp lasting , Wb. 28c25 . ni ba cian mbias in pecthach, Ml. 56c22 . ni ba cián ṁbete and, 66d14 . is cián arfolmas dún in sin, Wb. 21a2 . as cian do rairngredh, Blathm. 127 . is cian bus cuman, TE 9 (Eg.). domun dīan / cia bether fair nī ba cīan, ZCP vii 498.5 . cian bhus bladh, Aithd. D. 21.36 . as cian ata an sean-fhocal, MR 286.21 . Of space: is c.¤ etarru `far', Ml. 119d10 . im fochróib bá c.¤ `whether at hand or afar', Sg. 151b2 . ré nách c.¤ , LU 1992 ( FA 6 ).

In phrases. is c.¤ co it is long till (freq. with neg. shortly, soon): niba ch.¤ (leg. c.¤ ? Edd.) cu forcenn á saiguil gl. instare tempus, Ml. 56d7 . níbí cian conid apail, 91d2 . mad c.¤ co tari a fobdhub if it is not immersed quickly (a spear), BDD² 1237 . nirbo chian co toracht C.C. in sligid cetna, LU 8530 ( FB 39 ). nir-bo chian do Chonchobor . . . co facca, CRR 11 . ní cian . . . co teccema frit-sa é, Grail 2665 . Note also: nir cian d'Ercuil . . . in tan nocunnuic in rí E. soon saw, Stair Erc. 463 .

is c.¤ ó it is long since, far from. Of time: is c.¤ ós accobor lemm far ríchtu I have long wished to come to you, Wb. 7a3 . is cian . . . o rot carus, Grail 2359 . robo cian o nach facca-som iad, 1550 . mairg nach cian ó dchualabhair, Content. xi 4 . cian ód cualadh, Keat. Poems 1357 .

Of place: ni cian huaib imbíat `not far from you where they are', Mon. Tall. 151.9 . ni c.¤ úait here he is, IT i 71.20 . is c.¤ uait . . . airm in-das-fil, TBC-LL¹ 884 .

In disjunctive phrases with gar: cid c.¤ cid gair gl. quanto tempore, Wb. 3c5 . cēn gair cech fān imthéit lēn `sooner or later every wanderer comes to grief', Ériu ix 48.23 . cian gar dom beith it ingnais `whether I be a long or short while away from thee', LL i p. xvi 11 . c.¤ garit co bráth, 307a8 ( SG 386.18 ). gēr c[h]ian gar, ML² 156 . As quasi-conjunction however long, as long as, while : cián gar ro batar for innuropair sin, TBC-LL¹ 2038 . cien goirit boi C. ig a díchur dhe, 2302 . co na baoí tesbhaidh neith . . . cian gairitt battar hisuidhe, AFM vi 2276. 11 . cid c.¤ gairit ro bás . . . atrochair . . . , Acall. 4736 . cian gar co toirset nóim ind until (?), 2673 (cid cian gairit no co tí, v.l.). See 1 gar.

With prep. LA: rochīan limsa anad fri sodain I am not prepared to wait that long, TBC-I¹ 375 = c.¤ lim-sa di shodain, TBC-LL¹ 881 . ba cian lasin righ boi an t-ara tall, BNnÉ 323 § 33 . cian lem . . . / tren tucc fa toirrsi m'aignedh it grieves me(?), 254.21 . fada ar saoghal d'éis na bhFian / ní cneasta ná badh cian linn if I did not find it tedious, Measgra D. 71.22 . cíen liom 's ní ar a ghrádh `I long for', Duan. F. ii 162 § 28 . Note also: is c.¤ dúni beith acot irnaidi, TBC-LL¹ 991 .

Adv.: in ch.¤ gl. diu, Ml. 38b4 . Cf. níbu in c.¤ (níbuncían, MS.) riam gl. non multo ante, 32b17 . ro clos cian son a garma `far', Thes. ii 312.16 (Hy. ii) glossed: fo Herinn. co c.¤ dar éis na haband `till long after', Metr. Dinds. iii 168.20 . co cíen `continuously', Ériu xix 10 § 5 . iar tochaithem a bethad dó . . . co cian i fhechtnaigi, PH 4296 .

II As subst. ā, f. (elliptical for ré c.¤ , Zimmer KZ xxx 26 - 27 ). a long time, period : triasna cíana cotaislia .i. trisin ré cian, LU 985 - 6 ( ACC 90 ). is cian mór ó 'tbaltsa, 9496 . baoi cian d'aimsir ag coimhmeasgadh flaithis na Rómha `a length of time', Keat. i 226.19 . mainistear . . . do bhí cádhasach cian d'aimsir, iii 1345 . In: re cian do bhliaghnuibh, Párl. na mB. 390 and re cian d'aimsir, Parrth. Anma 6000 re (see 1 ré) may be noun and cían adj. le cianaibh for ages, Hackett² 21.15 . Of distance: is c.¤ do thír már do muir / eturru is Imlech Ibair, ZCP viii 327.36 . In cheville: céin n-gle `temps glorieux', RC xvii 282 § 6 .

In a variety of adv. phrases. Without prep. (cach la céin) . . . in céin n-aili: cach la céin aisndís dia throgai in céin n-aili aisndis dind fortacht durat Dia do at one time . . . at another, Ml. 40b8 . in céin n-aili `at another time', Sg. 8a9 . in céin n-aili gl. nunc, Ml. 39d12 . Cuaird Comgi Michíl, Cuaird Comgi Muire a n-ainm laisim i cen n-ale (of Hymn to Michael and Hymn to Mary) `respectively', Mon. Tall. 137.20 . Note also: dī-cechlacēin is diultad, alaill is aidbliugud, Corm. Y 418 . nach céin (with neg. vb.) any long while: arna bether ocu nach cein, Mon. Tall. 164.17 (§ 89) . ní beind nach céin i ndamnad, KMMisc. 212.11 . See also 1 nach. Various: atat connarc cein `long ago ', Blathm. 102 § 38 (if not céin = féin, cf. tá chéin, for M. Milscothach silence a while(?), BDD² 447 ). is cīan mór hūadh ō dac[h]ótar mo chíghi-si i ndīsca, Cáin Ad. 8 . cian mór uadh `long ago ', CCath. 4067 . ro-haidnaiced is cian uad `long ago ', PH 657 . do foillsighed dó c.¤ suil do thicfed long before he was due, BNnÉ 328.22 .

For céin mair (with céin used as preverb, GOI 241 ) see maraid. Note further: cein do mhair, Blathm. 207 and n. to 825 . canais moir, 34 , see n. to 133 . can mair in clercin `long life to the little cleric', Ériu v 236.74 . cēnmair Ulltaib, TBC-I¹ 3424 = bochin Ultu, TBC-LL¹ 5748 . bo chinmaír rissa ṅ-gebat, 5707 = cen mair, TBC St. 4709 . Cf. nī gcēinmair doraa an māin (.i. ní mogenar dochonnaic an eladha), ZCP v 488 § 7 (B. na f.). céin mair seems to have influenced céin móir in later language occasionally giving céin máir (see below).

With CO: co céin móir for a long time, LU 5230 ( TBC-I¹ 752 ).

With DI from of yore, long; from afar : ba di chein `from of yore', Blathm. 98 . do-arrchet di chéin no mbiad adrad dǽ la genti gl. sicut scriptum est, Wb. 6d8 . o Adam co dilind dein / in chet-aimser daib dichen, Lec. 30 vb10 . is do chéin gid so afar, TBC-LL¹ 4689 . can dodeachaig? . . . ní do chein, YBL 174a40 . boi . . . Petur i cómitecht Ísu do chéin, PH 3135 . do chéin mair anall, 7046 (see céin mair above). do ch.¤ nó do c[h]omhfhogus `from far or near', Duan. F. ii 62 § 12 . Also in pl.: robadar cethtri cridiscél liom-sæ de chianaib `I have long had four darling wishes', Mon. Tall. 136.20 . As quasi-adj.: sen-briathar do chéin `from of old', Celtica iv 10.41 . Tuatha De Danann dochein, Lec. 58a10 = BB 31a41 . ar ṡeirc ind óclaích . . . di chéin, LL 31153 ( TTr. 336 ).

With ÍAR: in chaingnímai aili is iar ceín rofinnatar after some time, Wb. 29a30 . iar cein, PH 1024 . iar cein shortly, Aisl. Tond. 105 § 3 . íar cēin móir, BColm. 70.18 . iar ccein máir iarsin, BNnÉ 90.24 (see céin mair above). iar ceín mair, BB 18a49 . iar sin iar cenmair, Ériu viii 174.33 . iar cen mair do Th. . . . co faca, Aisl. Tond. 106 § 5 . ier cēin mhāir `a long time ago ', Fl. Earls 208.30 . Note also: cu-du-boing cein (.i. iar cein) comarba curu, Bürgschaft 21.4 (for féin ?).

With I N-. For variety of forms cf. rachad a ccéin ┐ a ccíana ┐ a ccíanuibh, Bard. Synt. Tr. 26.19 . indtan noteigdis i céin `when they went a long distance', Mon. Tall. 129.21 . taig drochcarad hi céin (proverbial saying), BDD² 58 . fer bis a cein, Anecd. i 15.1 ( SCano 501 ). dā ndeachaid Congal a ccéin, ZCP viii 109.1 . seisrech . . . a toigheacht a gcianaibh cuige, BNnÉ 186.26 . i gcéin 's i ngar, 51.14 . Note also: rolaus cian i cein / ardo charait i mbrón, LL 18615 . As quasi-adj.: créd agaibh aoidhigh a gcéin `from afar', Studies 1924, 241 § 1 . Rarely of time: ní tualaing ionchoisiod i ccéin i gcuimhne for long, Ériu xiii 29.11 . With ocus: imb i céin fa i n-accus beo-sa, Wb. 23b41 . i ceín ┐ i n-ocus, Thes. ii 356.20 (Hy. vii). cid i cein, cid a focus, Laws i 240.17 Comm.

With ó. ó chéin from of old, long ago : iarsindi ro-n-an hua céin di aisndis dun popul gl. tam longum `after he had ceased a while', Ml. 126b1 . F . . . . atbath ó céin, Trip.² 1513 `long ago ', Trip. 133 . is mé ro baeglaiged ó chéin, LU 3921 ( SCC 44 ). Bretain o chéin rodochumdaigset the B. had built it long before, Anecd. iii 70.2 . ós é sin ó chéin ar nós `our ancient custom', Content. xxviii 71 . [Críst] roncuinnig ō chēin chain, ZCP iii 18.27 . o chein mair anall, PH 3422 . ó chíanaibh just now, lately, already: fotdāilfind a nilparttib ō chīanaib acht nīpad Fergus (C.C. to Etarcomal), TBC-I¹ 1198 . mac na trí curad at-rubart a (= ó) chíanaib, MU² 679 . ticbatis Herind o chianaib they would have reached Ireland a while ago , Snedg. u. Mac R 13.9 . leis an íairmbérla adubhart ó chíanuibh just now, IGT Introd. 30.18 . Used as quasi-adj. recent, just mentioned : int urchar o chianaib `the cast just now', TTebe 2087 . is don drochgaidhilg o c[h]ianaibh é above mentioned(?), IGT Metr. Faults287 § 130 . gach re cuidechta a cianaib every other company mentioned, BCC 384.21 .

As n. pr. m. tochomladh Céin a Caisil, Anecd. ii 46.18 . See also Corp. Gen.

III As conjunction

(a) (in) céin (later also i céin , géin ), céine (for) as long as, since, when . Folld. by nasalizing rel. clause in O. Ir. (see GOI 553 ) and in later language also with follg. rel. clause (see Duan. F. iii 44 n.l . ). cein mbith oc ic, Blathm. 39 . cein ba dibh amhatair `since His mother was of them', 103 . ceín rongabus i carcair `so long as I am in prison', Wb. 23b18 . cene ṁ bether in hac uita , Ml. 107d8 . cene conmesarsa olseseom ┐ céne connoither mo thimnasa `as long as I shall give rules . . . and as long as my injunctions are observed', Mon. Tall. 129.29 . cen bai Cormac beo, Ériu xvi 84.101 . céne (cean a, MS.) forcomédaidh fírinni, 65.21 . céin mbete i llucc irnaigdi / céne mbess coic fíal findbalc, iii 104 § 34 . i céin ra búi seom aice-sain, TBC-LL¹ 2956 = an ccein, TBC St. 2564 . hi céin bae Issau ic triall dont ṡeilcg, Celtica iv 8.20 . in cen bes coir dib, Laws i 136.10 Comm. i céin raibh nemh is talamh while heaven and earth last, BNnÉ 314 § 8 . in cein do bas arin cuirt `while this assembly was in session', Ann. Conn. 1228.5 . in gein ronbuí 'na bethaidh, Duan. F. i 55.8 (`a pseudo-archaism', iii 44). géin bhus beo, Content. ii 42 . ? Cf. cen bad buidech, Metr. Dinds. iii 192.35 (leg. céin, Corrig.).

(b) céin co until: cein conid ris `till I reach him', Blathm. 102 § 42 . an frim céin córda sille, LU 3807 ( SCC 37 ). céin co tí . . . don chath, 5872 ( TBC-I¹ 1403 ).? ní béra demon díb nech / cen corop (leg. cor'p) óg nó aithrigech `while they are perfect', BColm. 52.7 . céin co n-ebar in fín nua imalle frib (words of Christ at Last Supper), PH 2995 . céin go dtarrastair .i. no go dtarla, O'Cl. gen gar muig rempu till they won the victory, BNnÉ 310.12 . Exceptionally with art.: in céin co roiscc in ceilebrad, Grail 1790 , ? Cf. cen co tola, Fing. R. 181 (see n.).

COMPDS. With nouns: iar ccianaois, AFM ii 640.12 . cienaimser ria n-a thōgbāil, Fl. Earls 110.15 . a chisde na gcianbhann lúidh (to a prince), DDána 79.27 `O thou who art skilled in the old valour feats', Ir. Monthly 1921, 247 . ? Colla Uais uas chianbla chain, LL 15753 . tochombaig Ciannacht cianbruige, Laws iv 8.17 `C. has recovered distant lands', Celtica vi 227.5 . i cind chían-chóicthigis, TBC-LL¹ 2050 (as two words LL 9331 and so also at 22815 ). ní ro chumaingsiot a chianchosnamh fris in lion sloigh, AFM vi 2026.9 . bud fata bas chianchuman, LL 7822 ( TBC-LL¹ 294 ). co crich cinnte . . . cein-eisergi caich, MR 264.5 . a gcáoile ┐ a ccíaneitche, Ériu v 80.12 . hí cíanfoccus at some little distance, BDD² 626 . dála . . . catha chianfhoghla, DDána 83.8 . clogat . . . cianḟulaing, MR xiv 21 . ar gcabhra i gciainimneadh, Aithd. D. 76.8 . cichsot cēnmuir `shall advance to the distant sea', Ériu xvi 146.7 .

With adjj.: isin set cianfotta, BB 240b15 . tellach dá dechmad / cíanramar `long and solid(?)', Celtica vi 221. 11 ( Laws iv 4.18 ) = cennramar, O'Curry 846 ( H 3.18, 384b ). With adjj. derived from nouns: seanoir cianaosda, MR 42.6 . sein leabar cianáosta, Gorm. p. xviii . a chloidhiomh . . . cianainignech destroying far and wide, MR xiv 24 . clanna cianairgnecha Cuirc, Caithr. CC 81 . do Macc cían clothach `far-renowned', BDD 157 . rosc corrglas cianradarcach, BB 427a36 . níor bhó cianṡaoghlach somh iar ngairm tighearna de, AFM vi 1996.9 . do bhuidhin chuirthe ciainsiublaigh, AFM vi 2318.7 . deaghmhac cian-teasdach Conchubhair far-famed, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 177.w . an chloch cian tuinigte `enormous', AFM vi 2012.11 . ben bhocht chumhthach chíantuirseach, Ériu v 80.5 .

cíana

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cíana or dil.ie/9004

 

n (-ae , f.) (cían) length; distance . Of time: fri ciana móir for a long time. LU 3289 ( SCC 8 ). re ciana, Anecd. i 12.6 = re[e] ciana, SCano 371 (see 1 ré). ro bói i n-essíd fris i c.¤ (fri cíano, v.l.) had long been at war with him, IT i 75.20 . conna rabdis innach ciana ina ecmais gl. non patiebantur diu abesse, Rawl. B 512, 74d cited Plummer MS. notes. nocho ro-fhuirgius . . . iat hi ciana cen almsain do thabairt doib for long, PH 6032 . a mbátar . . . ciana for imlúad, LU 1864 . d'imigh ciana seal `long ago ', Hackett² xlix 13 . Of distance: is garg fri c.¤ cocrích, LU 3642 ( SCC 31 ) `against distant countries', SGS vii 63 . dianot imredinn ciana (in rhetoric), LL 13820 . nodiubraictis . . . i ciana uatha `far away from them', CCath. 6148 . sechtar laithrind . . . a ndul uad imach i ciana, Laws iii 286.4 Comm. téid . . . / . . . i gciana ó ḟéin Uladh, Arch. Hib. i 88 § 30 . céim i gciana, Ir. Syll. Poetry 33 § 4 . ar bá herrderc a cc.¤ (of St. Mochuda), BNnÉ 296 § 30 .

Possibly also in the phrases i cíanaib, ó chíanaib given s. cían.

fergnia

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fergnia or dil.ie/21722

 

Forms: fergnia

n m. f.¤ .i. fortissima femina , gl. virago (analysed as vir + ago ?) Sg. 52a10 . In Mid. Ir. a man-at-arms , apparently one who had passed certain tests and was engaged either in attendance on a king or employed in cases of litigation where the services of a professional champion were needed. ferngnia [fergnia v.l.] .i. mugh, ut est deorad, doermanach ┐ ferngnia .i. doeraicenta no mogh no in t-aire ēchta, O'Dav. 873 = ( feirghnia, Ériu xiii 29.17 , in a list of unsuable persons). triar dia anfine .i. a feargnia ┐ [leg. .i., Thurn., Bürgschaft p. 58 ] a fear leasach, a aircinnech ... ┐ a ceile, Laws v 366.8 Comm. ; the Text is defective, but the passage seems to relate to the recovery of a woman's `coibche' or dowry, in which three of her relatives and three outside her family took part. Cf. caide f.¤ ? .i. fer aga mbi fer gnima (leg. fergnima ?) techta amal do-rime a mBerradh Airechta: dosboingsi a coibche do mnai iar feimed do chach. Ocus ised is f.¤ and .i. ro samaighed .vii. comlaind otha comland deisi goraighi comland morṡeisir. Geibidh fer tara gaisged o gach comland dib go mbid na .vii. fir gabala-sin lais. Is de asber ferghnia, O'Curry 1029 (< H 3.18, 433a ). See Bürgschaft 58 n. 4 . fergnio tri forggaib [leg. forgab ? or fri f.¤ ?] a `fergnia' `of three captures' (personal attendant on King of Tara) Laws iv 336.6 (= Críth G. 554 ). fergnío fri forngairi ndoris, Laws iv 338.15 (= Críth G. 591 ). F.¤, ... f.¤ Temrach la Cormac ua Cuind, Ériu xi 44.18 . ni rechtgi fergniadh .i. ni usadh [omission ?] fris in fir ferdha frisneir muir i n-uair ainftine, O'Curry 470 (< H 3.18, 247 ).

fota, fata

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fota, fata or dil.ie/24135

 

Forms: foto, fota, fota, fotai, rofattai, fottai, foto, fotu, fotti, fote, fota, foto, fodo, fotai, faidi, faidi, ḟotai

adj io-iā (but acc. to Pokorny, ZCP xvi 458 , orig. foto g s. of fut ; see fot. Cf. Ml. 60a10 ; Bruchst. § 96 , cited below) fota, LU 1365 . fota, fotai, Hy ii 56 . rofattai, Mon. Tall. § 21 . a s m. lasind fascad fottai , § 61 . a s n. foto, Ml. 60a10 . d s n. fotu, Ml. 82d10 . g s m. fotti, AU 718 . Cf. cu grenlaich fote , Ardm. 17a2 (= *Grellaig fotae ?). fota, AU 745 , 798 . g s n. foto, 745 . Cf. inge C. fodo (metri gratia) TFrag. 62.4 = Bruchst. § 96.4 . n p. fotai, Sg. 5b1 . In later Mid. Ir. sometimes with slender stem in pl. lúba faidi , Acall. 5201n . g du. f.: cectar in da fleisc faidi , BB 242a34 .

Long

(a) of space or distance : fada (gl. longus) Ir. Gl. 677 . uide foto, Ml. 60a10 . cendidi f.¤ , BDD 82 Y (= LU 7140 ). flesc f.¤ , LB 117b52 . folt ... fata, TBC-LL¹ 213 . ulcha ḟata, Ériu iii 194 § 1 . ni thuca in finn ḟotai a tall fair woman ZCP viii 112.30 . pn As sobriquet : Fercar f.¤ , AU 696 . dom Chummain ... mac find Fotae Fiachnai, Fél. Nov. 12 = Cumain Fota mac F., 242.13 ; Cuimmini fota, Rawl. 90g34 (= LL 351c1 ; Cummeni longus , AU 661 ). C. Foto (: dō), Bruchst. 41 § 4 ). fid f.¤ an extensive wood YBL 109a30 ( Ériu iv 156 ). creacha foda distant forays TD 8.37 . fada ōn Ierusalemh soir far to the east of J. ZCP viii 116 § 26 . In early Mid. Ir. the compar. and superl. seem to be supplied from sír (q.v.) : issía thiagait, TBC-LL¹ 6040 (= as faide St). asna a tháeib bas siriu uaim, 1287 (= bus faidi St). but : san cuid dob foide uadh the part most distant from him BNnÉ 52.21 , faide, Acall. 1866 . foidi, 1865 . With -de : ni ragam do Ierusalem ... ar bid fatite Hiruath uaind Herod will be farther from us LB 139b1 ( Hom. Leg. 72 ). gan aidide dhaodh | Faidide an feur `non obediendo Aodo eo altius gramen' Molloy's Gramm. 212 (ch. xxii) . fatiti, Moling § 19 . faidide, Acall. 6811 .

Of fig. distance : bid fotai chucca far from it! (never !) PH 5247 . fada ó théarnamh dhamh ... da rabh. ... `I have no chance of escape' Dán Dé ix 12 . fada ó im i n-aisgidh é far was it from being a gift of butter TD 37.3 .

(b) of time or duration : f.¤ in gábud sin, LU 1365 . is f.¤ in troscud itai thou art fasting long LL 112a22 ( ScM. 3 ). saegal fotta, Moling § 42 . cid fada cid gairit in re, Laws v 248.35 Comm. ag glacad aimsire girre no faidi, Parrth. Anma 339.13 .

Long-continued, enduring: ferr in cosmail caol fodae moderate persistent routine (oppd. to : saothar obund no remor) ZCP vii 311 § 15 . a ṡlúag na nglond fata ` long-remembered ' Metr. Dinds. iii 348 (: data, perh. imperf. rime). f.¤ int ainmed a lasting blemish, 156 . f.¤ in col ib.

With cop., folld. by clause in apposition : is fata atai i sruth Tigir, LB 112b22 ( MacCarthy 66 ) = is cían, SR 1676 . bud fata bas chian chuman long will the memory endure TBC-LL¹ 294 . uair as fada atú can mo bladh ... do thogbail I am long in raising TTebe 4061 . gid fada gairit bemait ar aenrian whether we be together for long or short Acall. 5478 . gid fata gair bias tír ... fám chois, 5648 . ni fati nā fead ris a mbligfea bó ... bamar and not longer than the time in which a cow could be milked Cog. 182.8 . Loosely used with pers. constr. : Fada mé ar mearughadh sligheadh, Studies 1950, 319 . Cf. the regular use with DO : is fada dam beith a coluinn, it is too long for me to remain ZCP vii 304 § 17 . Fada dhamh druim re hÉirinn, Measgra D. 125 .

(is) f.¤ co : fada go tuigim mo theach, ACL iii 236 § 1 . gid fada gairit co tí whether he come late or soon Fianaig. 74.7 . as fada go dtreicfindsi tusa it would have been long before I would have deserted you TBC-LL¹ p. 509 n. 1 (St). fada co saoilfidis so they were far from expecting this Measgra D. 153 . nirbo ḟata inn irnaide dóib co faccatar ... they were not long waiting before they saw ... LL 175b26 ( CRR 30 ).

is f.¤ limm co (conj. or prep.) I deem it long until ..., I am eager, impatient for: fada lea Rig co ruacht nem, ZCP vii 303y . fada linn gu lá na graifne, IGT, Decl. ex. 1392 .

is f.¤ ... limm I deem ... long, it seems long to me (of something tedious or unpleasant ; often = I think it grievous, am sorry for (without notion of time) : ba fada la hIta beith na ecmais (= erat S.I. tristis de absentia ...) Lat. Lives 103 . ba f.¤ leó rombátár they thought they were a long time away LU 5880 ( TBC-I¹ 1412 ). foda lásan rígh robadur a aos ciuil BNnÉ 107.1 (cf. rex ... contristatus est nesciens quid illis accidit V. SS. Hib. i 223 ). fada leis an bhfear ... gan tocht da thoigh, TD 4.39 . is fada (v.l. fuaith) lim inní docím anois ... isin aér, IT ii2 133.271 . is fada lem do dhol soir, a C. ZCP vii 302 § 6 . fada lim sgaoileadh don sgoil ... foide iná an sgol do sgaoileadh | gan m'oide ag cor chomaoineadh sadder to me than the dispersal of the school is it to have lost my teacher's kindness Studies 1924, 86 . gid goiritt let-sa ... an denus sin ..., as faide le Brían Banba | gan éistecht rem urlabhra, ZCP viii 218 § 2 . gér'bh fada an cath sin, ba foidi le D. [scarad] le[a]choicle, Acall. 1865 .

(c) in prosody, long (in quantity) : pl. bith ḟotai (gl. ... semper longius) Sg. 5b1 . nach tairis acht a sillaib ḟota, IT iii 101 § 180 . tairissium o ḟotaib ┐ cuimrib ib.

(d) adv. (of space or time) : connaca in scath chuci aníar rodarc a sula co f.¤ dond farrci, LU 9059 ( FB 81 ). bui ... co f.¤ ina thost for a long time PH 92 . Absol. : co raibe fada 'na laighe he was for a long time lying (ill) RC xviii 154 . ro fhetutar f.¤ ria ngenemain ... Crist long before PH 6999 . cidh fada bes fair whatever length of time he shall be upon it (viz the land) Laws iv 132.7 Comm. ná bí ní as ḟaide ag anmhain, TD 24.29 . Cf. fad ó riamh long before 23.6 (cf. mod. fad ó shoin, fad ó long ago ). ma fada gearr beirthear é far or near 22.13 .

gratsicum

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gratsicum or dil.ie/26545
Last Revised: 2013

 

ind (Lat. gratias agam, Ériu lix 148 ) thanksgiving : grasticum .i. graziacum .i. atlugud buide Patraic, Thr. Ir. Gl. p. 23 . grazagum .i. athlugud buide la Pātraic, quod Scoti corrupte dicunt .i. is ris aderait Scotic[i] trūailned. Sic autem debet dici .i. is mar so is cōir sin do rādh: grassaigim do Duiu .i. grasias Deo agimus .i. bermait buide n-altaighthi do Dīa, Corm. Y § 684 . Occurs seven times in Lib. Arm. 7a ( Thes. ii 261 ), being twice spelt gratzacham and five times grazacham. grat[s]icum i.e. gratias ago (sic leg.), O'Mulc. 622.

1 ó

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ó or dil.ie/33364
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ó, hó, oa, ua, ualailiu, ón(d), (h)uan(d), ón, ón, on, ón, hond, huand, ond, uandí, huand, onaib, honaib, huanaib, hunaib, óna, (h)uaim(m), óim, (h)uait, (h)uad, ood, ōd, ód, uad, huad, huadh, uada, uadha, uaid(h), uaidh, (h)uadi, úade, huade, uathi, uaithi, hude, (h)uain(n), huann, húan, uanni, huanni, ónni, onni, uann, uainn, úanna, (h)uaib, (h)uadib, uaidib, huaidib, úaidib, uadib, uaidib, uathib, uaithib, úathu, uathu, uathaibh, uatha, uatha, óm, ót, óa, ó, óa, ua, ó, , óa, ua, ó, hoa, hua, hua, ho, ondid, honid, onid

prep. leniting follg. consonant and governing dat.

Forms O.Ir. ó (o); hó (ho), usual form in Ml. oa, Sg. 4b1 . ua, 3b4 ; 112 ( Thes. ii 290.5 ), cf. huaitherrechtaigthib, 32b2 ; ualailiu, 25b12 .

With art.: sing. ón(d), (h)uan(d): ón bunud, Sg. 33b2 . ón chiunn, Wb. 22a17 . on deacht, 9d10 . ón spirut, 15a12 . hond airdbiu, Ml. 55b17 . huand imbud, 56b23 . uand aitherrech- taigthiu, Sg. 32b7 . (with pron. í) ond, 156a1 , 3 , b3 . uandí, 156b1 . huand, 156b2 .

pl. onaib, Sg. 44a3 . Enchir. Aug. 75b ( ZCP vii 482 ). honaib, Tur. 91 , 92 , 93 ( Thes. ii 491 ). Ml. 32b2 . huanaib, Sg. 33b8 . hunaib, 32b6 . hona fuathaib, Enchir. Aug. 76a ( ZCP vii 482 ). Mid.Ir. óna.

With pron. suff.: 1 s. (h)uaim(m). óim, Enchir. Aug. 75a ( ZCP vii 482 ), archaic. 2 s. (h)uait. 3 s m. (h)uad. ood, Cambr. 37 a ( Thes. ii 244.25 ); ? ōd ( ód v.l.), Trip. 238.21 (archaic forms). Mid.Ir. uad, huad. huadh, Hib. Min. 8.271 . uada, TBC-LL¹ 2251 , PH 841 , 908 , 2118 , 7636 , 7682 , 7782 , 8289 . uadha, 7722 . Later uaid(h), mod. uaidh. 3 s. f. (h)uadi. Mid.Ir. úade ( huade v.l.), Hy. v 36 ; uathi, uaithi. hude, Mon. Tall. 150.23 . 1 pl. (h)uain(n); huann, Wb. 4d9 . húan, BCr. 32b3 . uanni, Wb. 12a12 ; huanni, 5a7 ; ónni, 4b19 ; onni, Cambr. 38a ( Thes. ii 246.21 ). Mid.Ir. uann, uainn (uaind). úanna, Mon. Tall. 153.28 . 2 pl. (h)uaib. 3 pl. (h)uadib. uaidib, Wb. 24b29, 27d1, 31d18 . huaidib, Wb. 32a29 . úaidib, Bechbretha 62 § 23 . Mid.Ir. uadib, uaidib, uathib, uaithib; úathu, TBC-LL¹ 3557 , 5092 ; uathu, 3581 , 3630 , 5064 . uathaibh, uatha, Keat.; mod. uatha.

With poss. pron.: 1 s. óm; 2 s. ót (later often ód); 3 s. óa, ó (latter form common); 3 pl. óa; ua mbraithrib, Wb. 34a6 . In late Mid.Ir. -n- is often inserted before the poss. of the 3rd pers.: ó (= óa) , TBC-LL¹ 6159 = óna ó, H., Add.

With rel. pron.: óa n , ua n , ó n : hoa rícc, Wb. 5c16 . hua mbí, Tur. 10. hua n-erbirmis, Ml. 135d3 . hua ndirrudigeddar, Sg. 33a23 . ho n-eroimer, Ml. 17c7 . ho torgab, 32a23 . ó n-aidil- cnigthir, Hib. Min. 8. 245 . cia o-rb halachta, Lat. Lives 65.8 ( LB 62a22 ).

With cop. 3 s.: ondid, Wb. 12d23 . honid, Ml. 51c2 . Mid.Ir., onid, BColm. 32.25 .

In late Irish lenition is arbitrary in stereotyped phrases like: ó sin ale, see TD ii 264 n. § 36 . Occas. folld. by acc. pl. in Mid.Ir.: o marbu, PH 1073 , 1854 , etc.

In meaning, corresponds in general to Lat. a, ab or to the ablative case, in Glosses used to represent either. Hence by analogy after arbeir biuth = Lat. utitur: ho n-erberad biuth (gl. qua oratione sit usurus), Ml. 48a5 , cf. 48b12 . hua n-erbirmis biuth which we spent, 135d3 (gl. ex illo tempore quo degebamus [in Aegypto] `in which we lived'; the glossator perhaps mis- understood the Lat. construction). Cf. also Hib. Min. 13.438 : aranni arbar bith inn aesa dilmain on bethaid shuthain = eo quod scilicet vitâ aeternâ fruitur; `because the lawful people enjoy life everlasting', Meyer, but the construction is not clear. Similarly Enchir. Aug. 79b : ut ratione utatur (.i. o cheill).

I Denoting separation from (lit. or fig.), after vbs.

(a) of motion: tóiniud flatho ó róma[nib], Wb. 26a5 . eirg ón muicc ! get away from, IT i 104.13 , cf. do duit uaim be off! 214.19 . imreitís úathu ┐ chuccu to and fro from them, TBC-LL¹ 3557. na daíne claenus o t'aithnib who swerve from, PH 7303. atracht [Christ] . . . o marbu, 1854 . regaid cech n-olc uaib, 2102 . dochuáid úait in curathmír you have lost, FB 43. go rachadh a thir ┐ a dhúthaidh uaidh, ZCP ii 558.27 . Putting, sending, casting (away), etc.: léic uáit inna biada mílsi put away, Wb. 6c7 . ros-lá úad uli sent them all away, Mon. Tall. 23. sín in láimh uait stretch forth thy hand, Ériu iv 118.13 . focheird a adbena . . . úad, TBC-LL¹ 1076. sróna na n-ech . . . ac súgud grene ┐ gaíthe uathu ┐ chuccu exhaling and inhaling, 5064 .

(b) taking from: oc tabairt tana bó uait carrying off thy herd, IT i 101.24 . dia ructhar ar mna doera uand, TBC-LL¹ 1130 (= úan LU). co mbert a mac huaithi, ZCP viii 310.37 . dobered . . . búaid ṁbáire . . . ona tri cóictaib maccaem, TBC-LL¹ 971. cidh bé doberadh buaidh catha ona naimdib, Maund. 10.

(c) desisting, hindering: anad o pecdaib, PH 3455. in rí tairmisces a chloidem o fhuil (= qui prohibet . . . a sanguine), 4213 .

(d) preserving, delivering, etc.: condanfírianichthi úadib (sc. a peccatis nostris), Wb. 2d14 . dlegar do neuch a chongmail uadi to keep away from her, Mon. Tall. 14. dia coimet on índdirge, PH 1009. ros-glan Dia in tempul on uli élned, 2098 . ro saerait . . . o bas, 412 . ro thuaslaicset . . . popul na ngénnte o fhógnum hídal, 4565 . Similarly after adjs. denoting exemp- tion, etc.: bid slan tú o fholaid Christ `free from the enmity of C.', PH 803. isam nemchintach-sa o fhuil in duine noim, 3282 . Cf. is fáss ó comarbaib féin hí (the steading) is empty of its own inheritors, BColm. 78.14 .

II Origin, source from which someth. comes or is obtained:

(a) after copula or subst. vb., expressed or understood: is húad cach n-ecne all wisdom is from Him, Wb. 7c15 . rop saiget húan fri demnai, Hy. i 20. is ond nemud a n-incoimet `they are to be minded by the "nemedh"-person', Laws iv 180.20 . is eiric tairsce uadaib and `it is the fine . . . that is due from them for it', 138.8 Comm. ná bith fochunn uaimm fein dom aecṅduch let me give no cause to speak evil of me, Wb. 11c1 . gach lá saire er a fhuil cengul on eglais (= which the Church enjoins), PH 7373. na feich uilet uad asa faithchi which are due from him, Laws iv 28.15 Comm. After a noun: furóil serce ho Pool doib-som abundance of love from P., Wb. 14d30 . in fírinne hó hiris (= ex fide iustitia), 4d23 . gním uad feisin foir feisin action from himself on himself, Sg. 209b12 .

(b) after vbs. of motion: comma rí far ṅdígal huaim-se that vengeance for you may happen from me, Wb. 5d37 . ni fil uaidib som o nach ri (ónach ric LU) there is not one of them who cannot do it (lit. from whom it arrives not), TBC-LL¹ 684. ní tharnic úan do rád (= we failed to announce it), TBC-LL¹ 645. rangus ó Iruath 'na diaig (= Herod sent messengers after him), ZCP viii 115.1 .

(c) sending; bringing, taking : foídis E. techta úad fo Erind, IT i 118.32 . leig uait misi d'indsaigi na Teibi send me, TTebe 1025 . berar a n-imchumarcc huáib let a salutation be taken from you to them, Wb. 7b4 . ructha eipistil uad fon uli thalam, PH 1171. doberdis audpartai dosom ó Máolrúoin, Mon. Tall. 10.

(d) receiving, getting: in doínecht araróit som ónni which he hath assumed from us, Wb. 4b19 . ni hetus huaim fess ri fer, IT i 120.22 . fogebtís mor d'ulcc ona naimtiu, PH 4049. ros- cendaig on Iudaide had bought it from, 55 . With ellipse: is ail dona mnáib ind eoin ucut úatsiu the women would like to get those birds from you (= would like you to get them those birds), SCC 5. Analogous: cech bo . . . no-mbligtis da trian blechta d'immarcraid uadib, IT i 72.6 . forodamair guasachtu . . . o latrandaib, PH 1659.

(e) asking, desiring: ro thothlaigset fortacht o Dia, PH 6292 . dom íarraidh úam ar éládh asking me to elope, Ériu ix 4.40 . cid is ailicc dúib húam? what do ye desire of me? iv 140.5 .

(f) hearing, learning, etc.: amal bid o Dia rachlóithe, Wb. 24d21 . cech dírúais ro Columb ó chille cualammar that we have heard from Colum C., RC xx 258 ( ACC 64 ) = o Chollum Ch., LU 866. sochide rodá-scrib húan many have transcribed it from us, BCr. 32b3 . uadh do sgriobhadh i lleabraib it was written down from his teaching, ZCP viii 116 x . is áil a fhis uaib I wish to find out from you, PH 1067. indis do cách creitfes uait, 2395 .

(g) this is prob. the orig. sense after vbs. of giving. In later Mid.Ir. and in Mod.Ir. ó is commonly used with the reflex. pron. after such vbs. damadh leis righe an c[h]uiccidh . . . dobheradh d'eicsibh uado he would give it away to poets, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 21 . da tucadh duine cach uile festa uáidh, Maund. 181. tabraid dam in n-aiscid sin uaib, TTebe 3314 . an cath dobhéaridís uatha nó an braighde whether they should give battle or give hostages, Ériu i 81 § 14. Similarly after vbs. of saying: innis-[s]iu uait dam tell me, Ériu v 26.14 . inneosad uaim daoibh-se sain, Keat. ii 1645 (poem).

(h) to express derivation, descent: [regno] ondí as rex (gl. a rege), Sg. 156a1 . bid titio atinne ┐ titulus huadh ` titio' is a firebrand and `titulus' (is derived) from it, Hib. Min. 8.271 . is úadib Crist (= ex quibus [est] C. secundum carnem), Wb. 4c2 . madgénair ó Mairi, Fél. Prol. 251. in iat a tustige o ṅgenir? PH 2292. saíthi ór chin Ó Caímh from whom O'Keeffe has sprung, Ériu iv 218 § 26. Gaidel glas . . . o tat Gaidil, MacCarthy 288.1 . bid uad Heriu co brath Érin will be (inherited) by his posterity, RC xxiv 192.9 . is húait bias flaith for hÉirinn co bráth, ZCP viii 318.3 . Dondchad ní fil huad D. has left no posterity, 296.18 . dia mbad o Uib Neill . . . in rige if the king- dom were held by one of the O'Neills, Ériu v 232.11 .

(i) after vbs. of naming, calling, after, from: o máthair ro hainmniged (of Concobar mac Nessa), Ériu iv 22 § 1. do- bretha ainm fair o anmum in tsrotha, RC vi 177.110 . an t-én ceileabhrus do chách | uadh sloinnfidher é (i.e. he will be named Lonán from `lon' a blackbird), ZCP viii 109.22 . uait do gairmeadh ainm an taoisigh, Keat. Poems 1530.

(j) in sense hailing from, coming from: fer . . . on Antuaig a man of Antioch, PH 284. on Effis dam I am from Ephesus, 1058 . in sab . . . ó Óendruim, Fél. June 23 . in maccáin ó Bethil, Dec. 28. Occas. after titles: cing o Nuibie king of Nubia, ZCP vi 56.24 . iarla o Barbuicc earl of Warwick, 24.16 . (analogically) iarlacht o Bharbhuicc, ib. 4 .

(k) used with refl. pers. pron. on the part of; of oneself, of one's own accord : ni uaínn fesine ataam for tectiri (gl. non quod sufficientes simus cogitare aliquid a nobis), Wb. 15a13 , perh. rather to be referred to (c). huadib féissna . . . non ab alio , gl. per se [pati demonstrant], Sg. 144b1 . línaid [na dabcha] uatha fein fill of themselves, Maund. 18. osclaigid . . . na doirsi uathaib fein, RC xii 334.3 . Cf. méin mhaith uaibh- se gé do fhuair, | uaidh féin as uaisle flaith Fáil is noblest on his own account, Ir. Monthly 1919, 399.16 .

Analogous are the follg. exx. in which ó is used after an adj.: gebe duine deradh . . . nach fior uaim a raidhim, Rel. Celt. ii 292 y . amhnáirech uan aighed ort it is presumptuous of us to face thee, IGT Dec. ex. 1388. Cf. na daeine onab eolach leabur do legadh who know how to read (?), Maund. 117 (leg. donab?).

III Cause (closely akin to preceding): is o aicniud pectho doforchosalsam it is from (our) sinful nature that we have trans- gressed, Wb. 21b4 . is borb . . . cech duine on gentligecht `through paganism every one becomes rude', PH 725. is ó duthracht a menman badéin dochoid (= ductus voluntate animi), 4742 . relta . . . onid sorcha in bith, BColm. 32.25 . bid subach sind ma dubach ind on aithrigi I shall be happy if I am sorrowful through penitence, ACL iii 234 § 8. an duine chuimetus a run ona aithne de who keeps a secret because bidden to do so, Ériu v 128 § 31. dergfait cloidbe . . . beit úada gan maithius they will gain nothing thereby, ZCP iii 32.18 .

Of persons (regarded as cause of a certain state): cia orb halachta in chumal, Lat. Lives 65.8 . fá torrach uad fein í, TTebe 4800 . is imda ledartha ┐ cuirp tholla annso uadha (= he has left many mangled corpses), ZCP xiii 244.11 . an cúiger druadh . . . an cuigead uadh dob ḟuigleach the province was left a remnant by them, Ériu iv 222 § 38. gan fear 'na bheathaidh aguinne ó Chonn is óa thriathaib, ML 38.2 .

IV Material from which someth. is made: dorigéni Dia corp duini ó ilballaib, Wb. 12a29 . ainmidhi cumuscdha ó dhuine ┐ ó tharb (of the Minotaur), ZCP iv 239.3 . To this head belongs the idiomatic use of do-airissethar with ó = consists of (in), prob. an imitation of Lat. consistere, constare with abl.: is hi ernaigthe thairises ón airem rúnda (= oratio consistens consecrato numero), PH 8026. in tíí tairises . . . o dib n-aicen- taib .i. hon doenacht ┐ o diadacht, 6782 ; cf. 7091 . co tarsidar o .x. tetaib (the harp) consists of ten strings, Hib. Min. 1.20 , cf. 2.25 . is on deda-sa immefolangar cach dune findbathach (= de his duobus beatus homo efficitur), 13.432 . Analogous: o thochaiter . . . in bliadain uile o chóic lathib sescait [leg. -at] ar tri cetaib (= per trecentos . . . dies annus ducitur), PH 4934.

V Instrument :

(a) in strict sense: a n-asberthar ho giun what is uttered by mouth, Wb. 5d14 . ni labrátar uili ó ilbélrib all do not speak with many tongues, 12b22 . in sians ondid accobor limsa ícc cáich by which I wish to save every one, 12d23 , cf. 5c16 . arnaib gnimaib són dungniat som honaib ballaib hisin which they do with those members, Ml. 56b3 . combad ó lémum [léimim] dochúatár . . . tairse by leaping, FB 88. timchillid in coimdiu in cuthi o níul, PH 1223. in tíí rot-biath sib o maind nemda, 2825 . comba soleir duit o shuilib corpardha he, ZCP iv 384.10 . do chomarthaigh ó comhartha na croiche . . . é féin, BNnÉ 275 § 257. ros-eitseat o eirreadaibh dereoilibh clad themselves in wretched garments, CCath. 1073. ro ghabus oca cendsugud o briathraib áilghinaib, Ériu v 148.36 . la- brastar o bérlu aiṅglecdha, Ériu ii 100 § 7.

(b) after vbs. of filling, satisfying and kindred adjs.: in tí nach sástar o brethir Dé, PH 8381. ro línais mo meis o cech maith, 1359 . lan o rath in spiruta noim, 2258 . saithech o began satisfied with little, Ériu v 128.1 . coimlinta o dhaoinibh, Fl. Earls 258.2 .

(c) in adverbial expressions denoting way, manner, atten- dant circumstances: o nach mud etir (gl. omni modo), Sg. 25b11 . o tri modaib ordaigther in sollamainsea, PH 3600. o béss saegulla in secular fashion, Trip. 80.24 . munat ón chéill-si adeirthear in this sense, IGT Introd. § 28. gan shunnradh . . . ó shunnradh in an indefinite sense . . . in a definite one, § 73. as leó o cert an tsealb theirs by right, Leb. Gab.(i) i 254 n. 1 . go bhfuil agam ó dhligheadh . . . léim thar uimhir éigcinnte that I have a right to skip, Content. vi 86 . Rendering a Latin ablative: atbēla ō bhās, ITS xxxiv 58 § 29 (morte morieris, Gen. ii 17 ). na ro aiplium o thircur, ITS xxxiv 66 § 31 (ne forte moriamur, Gen. iii 3 ).

VI Agent (an extension of II):

(a) with passive vb.: cf. Enchir. Aug. 75a ( ZCP vii 482 ): quaestio . . . mihi (.i. dativus .i. óim) enodanda. amal non-nertar-ni ho dia, Wb. 14b13 . intí on gontar nech by whom some one is slain, Ériu iii 140.182 . tinólfaider uanni a muster will be made by us, CRR 22 (p. 32.6) . coro gabad o Iúdaidib ┐ coro crochad o míledu, PH 2363. cethri cinid . . . ó ngabtha rigi in domain, Ériu iv 174.5 . forfemdeass o neoch . . . techt 'na adhuicch none was able to oppose him, RC xiii 8.7 . ro forcóngradh ó Ṡenchan for filedaibh Erenn, ACL iii 4.21 .

Similarly with part. and participial adj.: adib scripthi-si ón spirut ye are written by the Spirit, Wb. 15a12 . ba hada- mraigthi . . . he ona hapstalu admired by, PH 685. Cf. also: peacadh Mhuire . . . ro ba ghlan uile ón Fhíréan, A. Ó Dálaigh li 10 (= ro ba ghlanta). mar tá tú uainne `the state I have brought Thee to', Dán Dé xviii 11.

(b) after verbal and kindred nouns (a later use than that of DO, the prep. commonly employed in Mid.Ir.): adrad in Maic óna trí druídib, Ériu ii 198.20 . arna rád ó tri húgdaraib, BColm. 2.11 . bás Anmchadha . . . ó Mhathghamhna, Ériu i 102.4 . trí conganta na nguthaidhe ó chonnsuinibh three cases in which vowels are reinforced by consonants, IGT Introd. § 18. gním an cét laí on dúilem, RC xxiv 372.10 . ata i cúibrech o ainglib Dé is held in chains by, PH 2038. a dhochar ón drochshaoghal `his sufferings from the cruel world', Dán Dé iv 12 .

VII In partitive sense, generally after an indef. or demonstr. pron. or numeral; in early Ir. only before pronouns, DE being used before subst. la nech huáin any one of us, Wb. 6b20 . cách uáib, 25a34 . rann uáibsi, 14c15 . is aen uaib nom- braithfi-sea, PH 2372. dias uaib two of you, Ériu i 118 § 10. cechtar bhuaind both of us, ZCP xiii 232.15 . antí bus coscrach uaib whichever of you conquers, TTebe 4392 . gibé uaibh lén háil coinntinn, Content. xxviii 59. tuarustal . . . da gach en- brucchaid uathaibh, ZCP viii 116 § 15. cethrar o marcachaib, Anecd. i 10.5 .

VIII Used with a noun to limit or define the application of a preceding adj. or noun:

(a) in respect of, with regard to , gen. after adj.: basa iudide ó écosc . . . nipsa iudide ó béssaib a Jew in appearance . . . a Jew in customs, Wb. 10d34 , 35 . marb hó thoil cholno dead as to the desire of the flesh, 19a17 . it hǽ ata dirgi ho chridiu upright in heart, Ml. 56a20 . cennais o menmain ┐ o fordreich, PH 1974. ba genmnaid o curp he, RC xii 334 z . do bhí . . . láidir ó bhríoghaibh, ITS xvi 2.20 . ro ócc o aeis too young in years, BCC § 63. gerb fada C.C. uatha ó corp . . . do bi sé faríu ó spiraid far from them in body . . . with them in spirit, § 274. cách fria chárus ó [oa, v.l.] thaig | inna árus ard-oenaig `each in due order by rank', Metr. Dinds. iv 150 y (`the house he lived in marked his social standing,' note). Cf. iii 368.41 : Medb ropo thúalnge ó [oa, v.l.] thaig = who was competent by virtue of her rank, descent? Similarly after a vb. or vn.: nech immaruimdethar o banscáil `who transgresses in respect of a woman', Ériu vii 140.1 . ar comaitecht do neuch o pecad `for accompanying someone in a sin', Mon. Tall. § 41. serc De o huilib nerttaib, o chridhi, o gnim, ACL iii 312 § 1. In the follg. exx. the primary sense is locative: don leith ó tír on the land side, CCath. 1740. do leth ón muir, from the sea side, 1909 .

(b) about, concerning : don badbscel ro innis o chelib the tragic tale he told of his companions, FB 70. nídat fíra na scéla sin on fhir út, PH 2668. ná rab tathmet o Blathmac that there should be no memory of B., BColm. 20.10 . nirb ail léo labairt o maith to speak of good, Aisl. Tond. 114 § 2. gan (ó bheith aige) . . . gan (ó bheith na égmhais) `gan' [= O.Ir. ocon] of what one has . . . `gan' [= O.Ir. cen] of what one is without, IGT Introd. § 67.

IX Used of distance (in time, space or order), to denote the initial point of measurement.

(a) of time: ó thossuch from the beginning, Wb. 7b11 . huand uair nundabertatar filistindi from the time the Philistines carried it off, Ml. 82d9 . ón challaind co alaili, Fél. Prol. 325. ón chind bliadna ca chéile from one end of the year to the other, CRR 11. ó luan taite ṡamna co taite n-imbuilc, TBC-LL¹ 2900. in cóicatmad laa o dómnach na hesergi, PH 5414. o Adam co tanic Christ, 3665 . niconfacae óa gein gusan aidchi sin, Mon. Tall. § 67. ni ro gab nech aili rigi nErenn o Niall ille from (the time of) N. on, RC xxiv 202.11 . So in a number of stereotyped expressions: ó chéin long ago , ó chianaib, ó sin (ṡin) amach (anall, ille) from that time forth, ón tráth-sa.

Rarely used to express duration of time: ataat alai[li] feid- ligte ho aimsir who endure awhile, Ml. 21d4 (= ad tempus aliquos manere). ex parte .i. o aimsir bicc . . . .i. tempore tantum , Wb. 5c2 . not-cloifither anosa ┐ scērthar frit do cumachtu . . . o chéin `for long', PH 3890 (elsewhere in PH ó chéin = long ago ; a mistake for co cian?). Of point of time: olaili laithiu (= in die quadam), Lat. Lives 16.13 . olailiu domnuch, 17.10 (= olaili laithi, Trip. 124.16 ; olaili domnach, ib. 7 ).

(b) space: noí n-imdada ó thenid co fraigid, FB 2 ( LU 8051 ). ó ó go erboll, TBC-LL¹ 6159. is cían uait airm in-das-fil, 884 . téora fuithairbi on tig, FB 20. mile ceimenn seachtair o ballaigip na Romha, Fl. Earls 194.16 . atá flaith adamra fri gnúis do gnúis dóib úathib sáerdes south-east of them (lit. from them south-eastwards), FA 5. is fada daine ┐ cathracha buain [= uain], ZCP vi 293.10 . In later Mid.Ir. ó is replaced to a great extent by óthá, q.v.

(b 2) 3 sg. m./n. as adv. since, hence : teora bliadna ūadh, ZCP v 501.w . truagh mo chur i gcolainn ’s gan dul uadh go hinnill 'sad is my incarnation unless I go hence safely' Ir. Syll. Poetry 35 § 11 , Celtica iii 336 n. 4 .

(c) of series of other kinds: ro hinnisidh a scélu o thus co derith, IT i 128.10 . cech olc dogné nech o bic co mor, PH 6432 . réalt is mo shoillsigheas . . . on ghealaigh amach (i.e. next to the moon), Corp. Astron. 80.27 . idir dhéirc . . . urnuighthe aifreann is gach deighghníomh oile ó shoin amach all other good works besides, Keat. iii 3040.

(d) with reflex. pron. after vbs. of seeing, viewing, at (an indefinite) distance from oneself: adchonnairc uadha an dabach he saw before him, Ériu iii 156 x . docunncadur longa uadha furan muir, ZCP vi 294.15 . tiagam . . . do deiscin uainn for fertais Locha E., TBC-LL¹ 602. o thuc aichne air uada when he had recognized him some way off, TTebe 3299 . ba ler disi tochim na sluag uaithi she could clearly see the hosts advancing, 2649 . dochonnarc uaim . . . maighdean, Keat. Poems 410. Similarly after a noun: tecoscis in gilla dó Ulaid ar cach leth úad pointed out (the places in) Ulster on every side, TBC-LL¹ 1212. na maic sin a hÉrnaib úan from the distant Erainn, Metr. Dinds. iii 70.57 . dochonncadar . . . ar chnocaibh uathaibh iad on hills in the distance, ML 62.10 . a léine as leascc leam húaim `his tunic I am loth to behold', KMMisc. 348.9 .

X After noun or vb. expressing want,

(a) of the person needing (an extension of I): nad rabi ní ba esbaid úad that he lacked nothing, FB 4. comtis failtigide [sic leg.] d'fagbail [sic leg.] stelli a hesbaid uathib that they might rejoice the more to find the star because it had disappeared from them, PH 7013. nach tessta do treigib rigachta uadha that he lacked no royal characteristics, RC x 182.4 . In late lang. common after subst. vb.: atá ní uaim I am without; I want : ná bí uaim acht agam `be mine, keep not aloof', A. Ó Dálaigh l 17. biaidh uainne go bráth ag Íor tús ar gcreach we have forfeited for ever to I. the leadership of our raids, Content. xxviii 31. isin laithe . . . in badh móo ro baoi úaidhibh for chalma do dhenomh when they had most need to show valour, Hugh Roe 316.19 (f. 82b) . an ni a bhios uaidhe d'faghail, Luc. Fid. 200.6 . Cf. cia hé an duine . . . do rachadh gan ádhbhar mor uaidh air gusan áit a mbiadh pláigh? without strong reason for it, Mac Aingil 211.8 .

In follg. exx. the prep. is equivalent to the dat. incommodi: duine . . . óna bhfuair moran da cairdib . . . bās many of whose friends had died, BCC § 109. in airdríghan ro bo marbh uadha féin whom he had lost by death, CCath. 1454. gur leor uireas- bhadh Thuaithe R. .i. O Flannagáin do mharbhadh uatha the loss sustained by the T.R. through the fall of O'F., Maguires of F. § 17.

(b) rarely of the thing needed; this construction seems con- fined to the vb. adilcnigidir and may be an imitation of the Lat. constr. of egere, indigere with abl. ata coicthi ón aidilcnig- thir ecna ┐ latar na psalmb five things which the knowledge . . . of the psalms requires, Hib. Min. 8.245 . ni aidilcniget o nach airchisecht, Alex. 851 , cf. 849 . co ro aidilgniged Ísu o fortacht aingel (= indigebat adiutorio angelorum), PH 4841 , cf. 6256 .

ód

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ód or dil.ie/33488

 

Forms: út, úd

late form of the enclitic emphasizing particle út, úd yon (= Lat. ille); chiefly in poetry; acc. to IGT Introd. § 149 , the vowel is affected by that of the preceding syll.: an fearúd 's an fearód 's an fearád, mac an fhiriúd 's an fhireód 's an fhireád. balg . . . an Remuinn-eód, ib. gidh muar an phian ód, Keat. Poems 351. 'san truaill dhaoinne ód, 316 . Inflected: ar Shíobhán óid, Ó Bruad. i 82.22 (so expld. in Gloss.). Added to adv.: aimsir uasód cian `former times', iii 204.2 . Cf. anallód long ago .

taca

Cite this: eDIL s.v. taca or dil.ie/39381

 

n I

(a) prop, support : a's ní bhiadh Oisín fann gan t.¤ cléibh, Oss. iii 254.8 . an dream éisdeas é (Aifrionn) as é air ... leath-luighe re taca ` any thing ,' Donlevy 432.14 . cathair atá suidhte air thacaibh amuigh air thonntaibh na fairrge (Venice), GJ i 289b33 . ba th.¤ maith lem' anacal a lámh 's a ghlór, Hackett xviii 20 . t.¤ lem' cheann, ZCP v 206.34 .

(b) a foothold, stance : is annsin tuc som a chos re tacca na talman, Acall. 6996 = SG 219.26 `gave his foot a solid bearing on the ground.' do druid Cuanna a bhonn re t.¤ ┐ re tiugh na talman, MR 284.25 . aingeal ... | gá mbí troigh re t.¤ , PBocht 4.52 .

(c) rung in a ladder (metaphor.) : t.¤ a n-airde anond, ACL iii 237 § 21 = Studies 1934, 297 § 21 `this step in the ascent to Heaven' ( drēimire, § 20 ). mairg téid a tacaib in chraind `woe to him who slips from the steps of the ladder,' § 22.

(d) a supporter, helper, mainstay : t.¤ é dá gach fhoghlaidh, IGT Decl. ex. 809 . Tadhg ua Baoighill sonus ┐ taccadh tuaiscirt Ereann, AFM iii 202.11 . ar d-t.¤, ar rian, a's ar n-díon, Oss. iv 106.16 . an t-Iarla ó Thallaibh ba th.¤ le comhrac, ITS iii 56.75 .

II

(a) a point of time : ocus is follus gurab .b. do bí an t.¤ sin agad `where you have B for Sunday Letter as is manifest,' O'Gr. Cat. 290.32. conuic an t.¤ a tet an grian a neccinocsium, Ir. Astr. Tr. 54.24 . i dt.¤ a bhraith `in the hour of His betrayal,' Dán Dé xxvi 41 . co t.¤ medon aichi, Ir. Astr. Tr. 54.13 . bliadain go t.¤ so a year ago , O'Don. Suppl. gan t.¤ stáide `without stop or halt,' Oss. vi 108.26 .

(b) In phrase i t.¤ fri near, abutting : i t.¤ fria loch Lir `that abutted on L.L.,' Mélusine iv 298.17 = BNnÉ p. 81 n. . hi tacca frisna múru `attached to the walls,' ZCP xvii 227.8 . Mod. i dt.¤ le, Dinneen .

Various obscure exx.: dod tacca uaimsi dodeacasa o Romanc(h)aib, BB 135a25 . ni contimairc mac duine | acan nech damus tacai no mortal inflicts restraint on the man who submits to it willingly ?, Ériu ii 227 § 6 . ? doib ro bo tacha in maidhm mor (: macha, perh. for maca sons ?), Rawl. 79a21 . ar dhluth ar inneach th'oige | tarla t.¤ banchoige, Content. xxii 17 note 4 . arus is amlaid sin ro lealtar do taccaid dud mullach, BB 497a17 (cf. tocad ?).

tall, thall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tall, thall or dil.ie/39945

 

adv. of place and time. Frequently also as demonstr. with nouns, though never enclitic in verse.

I Of place.

(a) yonder, there, yon, that: a salutes fil t.¤ , Ml. 42b4 . siu ┐ t.¤ , 72c9 . a tadall t.¤ , RC xlvii 304.4 . adeir th.¤ `is said in another text,' Laws v 342.9 Comm. ar Thoraigh th.¤ san tuaisgeart, TD 26.45 . in teintide t.¤ (the star of Bethlehem), ZCP v 25 § 7 . As demonstr.: nín chruth hí th.¤ `not in that manner,' Wb. 26b13 . isin tsalm t.¤ , Ml. 58a11 . intí th.¤ gl. ille, Sg. 197a9 . ind nathir humaithe thal, Tur. 129 . in taisceltai t.¤ , 130 . dond leith t.¤ don talmain, SR 7908 . is tu-sa in t-Ísu t.¤ , PH 3921 . in treide t.¤ , ACL iii 223.21 . ó thá sean Torach taobh th.¤ , TD 17.14 . thart th.¤ , 3.2 .

(b) inside, as opposed to 1 immaig outside: mo chorc-sa th.¤ .i. mo craidesi astigh (B. na f.), ZCP v 487 § 2 . rogart as dorus immaig | ... | `in fail t.¤ mac n-Iessé?,' SR 5984 . co rrabi th.¤ i mmedón na cathrach, LU 9145 (FB). amuig ┐ t.¤ , Aen. 1997 . is cetrúimhe cota cach fir t.¤ do cach fir amuigh within (the `fine') ... outside, Laws iv 294.15 Comm. madh glan an corp don taoibh th.¤ , Dán Dé xxvii 31.

(c) Hence in Laws in fer th.¤ defendant: mad sed a deir an fer amuigh ... ┐ isedh a deir an fer t.¤ ... the plaintiff ... the defendant, Laws iv 72.z Comm. i laim cintaig th.¤ , i 84.15 Comm. Cf. cin dethbhirus amuigh no th.¤ innso `no necessity exists on the plaintiff or the defendant,' ii 60.12 Comm.

II Of time.

(a) long ago , of yore, then: hi th.¤ .i. isind aimsir sin gl. id temporis, Ml. 30b17 . 18c13 . 78d4 . amal duratsat sacaird t.¤ `at that time,' 82c8 . o chein thall, PH 148 . amal rothuitset th.¤ , TTebe 4035 . ag Athairne th.¤ na theach, Content. xxviii 12 . san aimsir th.¤ , DDána 6.34 .

(b) hereafter, in the next world: siu ná t.¤ , Wb. 3d17 . is maith siu et t.¤ gl. uitae, quae nunc est, et futurae, 28d1 . is aire as b(eo) a ainm i fos ┐ a anim th.¤ , Lib. Hymn. 178.9 (ACC). maith in chentair siu ┐ flaith ind alltair ... t.¤ , Ériu ii 202 § 19 . gan molbhtha t.¤ na sonn, AFM i 164.4 . an teach thall heaven , DDána 6.17 .

? To this: dall .i. t.¤ a talpa , O'Mulc. 343 . min na dentar icuib cuilbir nobind siu na th.¤ , IT iii 102.x . indiu is do cendaib colla t.¤ `at this day it is by the ends of his bones (he effects it)' (of imbas forosnai), Laws i 44.1 Comm.

See tallain, tallamuin.

1 tar, dar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tar, dar or dil.ie/40049
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dar, tar, dar, tar, dar, dar, tair, thar, tairis, thairis, tarsin, darsin, tarsa, darsa, tar, dar, tarsna, darsna, dar, darna, tarna, tar, darm, tarmu, dar, tar, darth, tart, tardo, tardot, tara, dara, tara, dararn, darfar, dara, torum, torom, toram, taram-sa, tarumsa, thorum, thoram, torut, torot, thorad, tharad, thort, thart, tarais, taris, tairis, tharis, thairis, tarse, tharse, tairse, thairse, tarsi, tairs, tairrside, tairsi-side, tairrsi, tairsdi, torunn, torunni, torund, thoruind, thoruinn, taraind, tharainn, toraib, thoruibh, thoraibh, tharaibh, tairsiu, tair(r)siu, thairsiu, torrsu, tarrsu, tar(r)sa, tharsa, tarsta, thórsa, ta(i)rsib, thairsib, tarstibh, tar, tairis, tairise, thart, tar ais, tar éis

prep. with accus. See Thurn. Hdb. § 843 . In Mid. and Mod. Ir. also sporadically with dat. : dar broinfeirtsib (sic leg.), TBC-I¹ 2525 . t.¤ ... ferannaib, Laws iv 136.26 Comm. t.¤ a cladhaibh, TD 13.11 . t.¤ esccairdibh, Ó Héodhusa 78.13. Somet. leniting in Early Mod. Ir. : t.¤ chlár, Content. xviii 53 . t.¤ Mhac Dé, DDána 22.1 . t.¤ chonair, Hugh Roe 28.23 . t.¤ thoil nDé, TSh. 2012.

The proclitic form dar is frequent in O. Ir. beside tar. It occurs also in Mid. Ir., but in Mod. Ir. only in the meaning by in swearing, oaths, etc. (see B V). In Wb the more frequent form is dar. From Ml on tar is the more frequent, but dar is the only form in SR. Exx. of dar: Wb. 2a4 . 3c36 . 6b28 . 7b5 . 10c11 . 13a9 . 13a20 . 16b4 . 16d8 . 18a14 . 23b18 . 24a3 . 24d13 . Ml. 64d8 . SR 1162 etc. Mon. Tall. 141.28 . Sc.M² 17.y . BColm. 92.27 . TTebe 4011 . O'Gr. Cat. 590.33 (in swearing). Exx. of tar: Wb. 3c37 . 5d28 . 15c16 . 21a8 . 22b5 . 22b7 . Ml. 2a6 . 16c5 . 47a3 . 49d1 . 60c1 . 61d4 . 88a1 . 105d6 . 109d8 . 127a1 . Sg. 172a3 . 200b3 . 217b2 , 3 , 12 , 16 . 218a6 . Thes. ii 311.1 . Fél. Ep. 66 . Mon. Tall. 137.14 . Laws ii 262.2 . Sc.M² 21 h . tair, Sg. 8a7 .

In Mod. Ir. occasionally with lenited -t- thar: RC xvii 154.z . Eochairsg. 26.13 . Donlevy 186.21 . This form is commonest in forms with suffixed pron., see infra. The form with suff. pron. 3 s. is also occasionally found as simple prep.: tairis ar marbhadh dhiobh, Rel. Celt. ii 192.6 . thairis gach ní, Feis Tighe Chonáin 862.

With article. sg.: tarsin, Wb. 15c16 . Ml. 16c5 . darsin, SR 1529 . tarsa, Mon. Tall. 130.7 . darsa, TBFr. 79 . tar in, PH 718 . dar in, TBC-I¹ 2500 . pl. tarsna, Ml. 122a3 . Sg. 217b3 . darsna, FA 29 ( dar na, v.l.). darna, Sc.M² 17.y . tarna, IT i 42.13 . tar na, Donlevy 384.6 .

With poss. 1 s.: darm, Wb. 23b18 . SR 1396 . ZCP iv 39.5 . tarmu, Thes. ii 241.13 . dar mo, IT i 121.22 . tar mo, PH 3825 . 2 s.: darth 'airmitein, SR 6320 . tart, TBC-I¹ 1047 . tardo, Sc.M² 13.y . tardot shuilib, Lism. L. 1420 . 3 s. tara, dara: Wb. 24a3 . Ml. 101a3 (leg. tara). Sg. 218a6 . BDD² 921 . 1 p.: dararn-essine, SR 1862 . 2 p.: darfar cenn, Wb. 18a14 . 3 p. dara ngnussib, LU 2091 ( FA 16 ).

With rel.: taratoissed, Wb. 33d10 . tarateged, Thes. ii 315.26 . dara gaib, Mon. Tall. 141.28 . tarndotuidisa over which I shall lead you, TBC-I¹ 238 . tarsa tochuirther, Ml. 22c1 . darsa tiagu, TBC-LL¹ 481 . cindus tíri dar-si fuiniud, Ériu iv 140.14 . dars' tic, Metr. Dinds. iv 286.51 .

With pron. suff.: 1 s. torum, TBC-LL¹ p. 241 n. 1 . PH 1154 . torom, TBC-LL¹ 4709 . toram, Dán Dé ix 8 . taram-sa, TBC-LL¹ p. 115 n. 2 . tarumsa, ACL iii 235.1 . thorum, 242 § 6 . Studies 1934, 434 § 6 . thoram, TSh. 4211 . 2 s. torut, Sg. 217b4 . torot, LU 8139 ( FB 10 ). thorad, DDána 114.7 . tharad, TD 2.32 . thort, DDána 52.39 . Corp. Astron. 6.6 . thart, Content. v 186 . Dán Dé ix 11 . 3 s. m. and n. tarais, Wb. 33d10 . Ml. 28c12 (sic MS.). Goid. 94.16 . taris, Mon. Tall. 136.22 . TBC-LL¹ 1644 . tairis, Mon. Tall. 151.15 . LU 5937 . O'Gr. Cat. 442.y . TSh. 2696 . tharis, BDD² 790 . LU 2150 ( FA 22 ). thairis, Anecd. i 3.10 . TD 20.2 . TSh. 4300 . 3 s. f. tarse, BDD² 978 . tharse, RC vi 183.15 . tairse, LU 3794 ( SCC 36 ). thairse, DDána 52.29 . tarsi, TBC-LL¹ 1600 . tairs, p. 359 n. 7 . tairrside (? leg. tairsi-side), 3727 , cf. TTebe 505 . tairrsi, RC xvii 144.4 . tairsdi, ZCP vi 290.15 . 1 p. torunn, Wb. 15a1 . 15d1 . torunni, 27a14 . torund, Thes. ii 299.37 . thoruind, Fianaig. 68.21 . thoruinn, DDána 95.7 . Donlevy 392.1 . taraind, IGT Decl. ex. 664 . tharainn, DDána 24.19 . 2 p. toraib, TBC-I¹ 281 . thoruibh, DDána 7.4 . thoraibh, TD 14.31 . tharaibh, DDána 53.13 . 3 p. With acc. inflexion: tairsiu, Ml. 121b1 . 123d3 . tair(r)siu, SR 4285 . Laws iv 214.6 . BDD² 142 . thairsiu, TBC-I¹ 150 . LU 2167 . ZCP xi 83.7 . torrsu, Laws v 270.y Comm. tarrsu, iii 424.15 Comm. tar(r)sa, Content. xxi 19 . Ann. Conn. 1342.11 . TSh. 295 . tharsa, DDána 18.2 . RC xxix 220.9 . tarsta, Mac Aingil 576.17 . Eochairsg. 36.32 . thórsa, Ó Bruad. ii 226. With dat. inflexion: ta(i)rsib, SR 4297 . LU 2961 . Laws v 382.21 Comm. DDána 107.21 . Fl. Earls 22.4 . thairsib, TTebe 2705 . DDána 30.24 . tarstibh, TD 3.30 v.l.

The meanings of tar may be divided roughly into concrete and abstract. But it is frequently difficult to assign an example or group of examples to one category or the other. For the sake of convenience a somewhat arbitrary division has been adopted in the following.

A In meanings of a concrete or physical nature.

I over, across, covering , implying rest rather than motion (see ZCP viii 60 ), including exx. where the meaning is that of coming and remaining across .

(a) cona roib temel ... t.¤ rosc for nanme, Wb. 21a8 . fri nech tarsa tochuirther sciath, Ml. 22c1 . mar dlúm dar dreich, SR 6959 . fri hōrsnath īar ndēnam a datha dar or nindeōna, TBC-I¹ 2567 . drochet ... darsin nglend, LU 2148 ( FA 22 ). co ro-thib tond tairis `so that a wave laughed over him,' CRR 34.21 . slicht meōir epscoip dar a ucht, ACL iii 307 § 26 . cro[i]theas a lúireach t.¤ a cheann amach brandished his breastplate above his head, Ériu i 88.1 . tuc sciath t.¤ lorg do maithib Muman covered the retreat of, ML² 274.

(b) Of covering with clay, burying: focheird úir ... taris, TBC-LL¹ 1491 . ó doradadh úir t.¤ Aedh, ACL iii 304.z . ní cóir cré na talamh thorum, Studies 1934, 434 § 6 .

(c) Of wearing, being covered by clothes: ind etaig bruinnidi .i. bís t.¤ bruinniu ógae, Ml. 144c7 . in ṁbrat ... roboi tarais, Goid. 94.16 . ragabsat fial falaid tairsib, TTebe 4159 . deich gcéile ... | t.¤ ar shín Éire a hionar, DDána 113.17 .

(d) Of wearing a belt: a cressa dar a n-áirnib, PH 5103 . rogab tairis in cloidem he girt on the sword, D IV 2, 45d4 .

(e) do-beir lám t.¤ seizes, takes hold of: tabraiter láma tairis, TBC-I¹ 1471 . fochertar lama tairis, LU 5941 . Cf. co tarat láim dar hIffern, SR 7772 . lám Emeire ... dar a brāgaid, Ériu i 118.6 .

(f) With cros a cross: dobér-sa anosa | a crosa darm'aigidh, ZCP viii 110 § 5 . Cros Críosd thorad, DDána 114.7 . tabair cros Crist ... tardot shuilib, Lism. L. 1420.

II over, across implying motion (`motion over a space,' ZCP viii 59 ).

(a) ní tirga tara trachtu, `it will not come beyond its shores,' Ml. 121a17 . t.¤ crích innunn, Sg. 217b12 . doloddursom ... tarsa ceim `came over the stile,' Mon. Tall. 130.7 . im cert filid t.¤ crich the right of a poet to cross a territory (?), Laws i 184.17 . is muir dar crícha, TBC-I¹ 3290 . in uair tra nobenadh bainne don gemlóichet dar a aighidh whenever a flash of lightning struck him across the face, ACL iii 4.28 . tairrsech darsa fuineann grían, Ériu iv 140.16 . ní lamdais ... eoin ... cromad dar craebaib na caillead, TTebe 910 . re comhfhlaith t.¤ chlár anonn from across (?), Content. xviii 53 . tugadh léim t.¤ líne leis `he has now crossed the line (i.e. taken his decision to act),' Aithd. D. 30.12 . Gramm. cumscugud e t.¤ i co ndéni ei deogur (e.g. adeibam for adiebam), Sg. 191a3 .

(b) Of crossing rivers, the sea: dia tanic ... | dar Iordanan, SR 6938 . t.¤ sál sidi, Fél. Sept. 10 . comainm ind atha dar a sredestar, TBC-LL¹ 1463 . don fhéin ... tar tuinn `from beyond the wave,' TD 18.36 .

(c) over the wall of a city, rim of a vessel, etc.: cenn meic B. immach | rolad dar múr na cathrach, SR 6988 . ba léim ro leblaingseom tarsin cathraig ammuich, LU 9077 ( FB 82 ). dar bil in sceith, TBC-LL¹ 3779 . t.¤ luing amach `over the ship's side,' RC xv 294 § 5 . in cetna dabach i tét fichid tairse boils over, LU 3794 ( SCC 36 ).

(d) 3 s. tairis as adv. across: tainic neill diamair ... tairis, TTebe 3758 . dognīd oircne ┐ crecha ... tairis sair i crīchaib cīanaib, ACL iii 224.20 . do ghabhas thairis `transiui,' TSh. 4300 . an duine dorinde an glaedh do tabhairt tairis `to bring the man who raised the cry into his presence', BCC 202.32 . Of crossing the Irish Sea: co n-darafnetar Ulaid tairis i crich n-Alban, IT i 73.z . ar ttecht thairis (.i. tar muir), AFM iii 306.4 . Iarla D. demersus est ac dol taris, Ann. Conn. 1357.4 . Hence in Laws Comm. of stranded persons, etc. alien, foreign (opp. to Érennach), `(über die See) herübergekommen,' Ir. Recht 39 . do murchuirthi .i. tairis .i. dair, Laws i 162.1 . cid fodera conid mo doib ina ndaeraib thairis na ina ndaeraib Erennchaib, v 110.12 . trian eneclainni do daor tairis na nisil, ┐ cethraimhe don daor Eirennach, H 3.17 col. 525 ( O'D. 720 ) = tairise, H 3.17 col. 426 ( O'D. 525 ). in da murcurtha ... más do aon chinel tairis dóib, H 3.17 col. 526 ( O'D. 722 ). Cf. bráighaid-comhal, tairis `an hostage, pledge ,' Eg. Gl. 73.

(e) 2 s. thart as adv. past, around: tar thort `come hither,' TD 2.4 . thort thiarain `over west,' 3.8 . tabhair suil thart ar gach taoibh `examine the subject in every way,' Content. v 186 . léigidh thart an tsláinte pass the health round, ITS xvii 114.96 .

(f) In descriptions of fights: conna torgethar sechut na treót na torot, LU 8139 ( FB 10 ). tēt an fer tarat amal tēti bott t.¤ catt, TBC-I¹ 2680 . laóch bas tualaing th'ergaire ┐ techt thorut `overcome thee,' TTr.² 767 . roling darna laechv, 1076 . regaid fer dar fer, Sc.M² 15.8 . do cuatarsom foithib ┐ trithu ┐ tarrsa, D IV 2, 45a44 .

(g) In phrase buille t.¤ : do-rat cách díb builli dar sróin a chēili riam, Sc.M² 7.10 . ro boí trá buille dar áo i suidiu (builli t.¤ cluáis ┐ t.¤ cend, v.l.), 17.8 .

(h) t.¤ sét, slige, etc. astray: ná léig sinn t.¤ an slighidh do not allow us to stray from the path, DDána 25.4 . cuir inn t.¤ eol mearachaidh keep us from a wrong path, 25.1 .

(i) fo-ceird súil t.¤ : caní ralsid súil torunn? `have ye not cast an eye over us?' Wb. 15a1 . do chor súlae taris, Mon. Tall. 136.22 . nī rolāim sūil toraib isin fid, TBC-I¹ 281.

(j) fo-ceird tar cend overthrows, upsets: is mór ríg ralā dar cend, Hail Brigit § 20 . co corastar na daíni ... tar cend, TBFr. 274 . cend dar cend ┐ druimm dar ais, PH 4392 . See 1 cenn.

(k) With certain verbs: cid siu dothised thairis before she met him, Anecd. i 3.10 . tar doirr troide na tairche `come not into the wrangle of battle,' Content. xxii 19.

III past (i.e. leaving behind).

(a) ulcha ... co soiched dar māethīchtar a māethimlenn sīs, TBC-I¹ 2336 . rochechaing iarum tairsiu it then stepped past them (of the sun), Ériu iv 140.12 . beith t.¤ gach anbhuain aige `to be with him beyond all trouble,' Ériu v 54.45 . dochuaid tarrsa ar tarad a lama laitiri got past them (i.e. defenders), Ann. Conn. 1342.11 .

(b) With léicid (frequently in more or less abstract meanings): im legud ina tāna dar Tailtin, TBC-I¹ 2964 . ro léigedar sin thársa go maidin `they let the matter stand over till morning,' RC xxix 220.9 . far léig mé toram dod thoil, Dán Dé ix 8 . nach lēigfidīs tocrādh a tigerna tairsib that they would not leave unpunished, ML² 1527.

(c) With téit misses, escapes: t.¤ rachuimhne ó ghrásaib Dé nar deachaimne `may we never be forgotten,' Studies 1932, 433 § 7 . a ndeachaidh thorainn `all our shortcomings,' Aithd. D. 97.33 . ar an mbás gcorpordha, ┐ gan dul tairis ag aon-duine, TSh. 2696.

(d) do-icc tar mentions, refers to, treats of: tāinic t.¤ brīathraibh Frōich do Mhidhir, ZCP xiii 174.28 . fada ó tángas t.¤ an ainm `long ago has the name been written of,' Content. v 35 . ní tháinig thar dhortadh fola said nothing about shedding of blood, Eochairsg. 26.13 .

(e) With certain other verbs, frequ. in abstract senses. cuirid: uair ni rocuir ... ailges na acobur e t.¤ a modh gnath roclecht cosin did not cause him to deviate from, D IV 2, 78a22 . fan Páis do chur tairis `to put it past Him,' Maund. 87 . mór do chuir don triallsa thort `has driven ... out of thy mind,' Aithd. D. 31.36 . tar ēis forlonn na faichthe do c[h]ur tairsi when she had got beyond, Feis Tighe Chonáin 984 . do-gní: t.¤ nach éidir dénamh which cannot be done without, IGT Introd. 1.11 . 2.y . gaibid: ma gabthair tairis `if a man gets clear of it' (of carnal thoughts), Mon. Tall. 151.15 . trebaid: Muire ó nach treabhann tharainn since she does not neglect us, DDána 24.19 . ni fhuil cumadh ná siosmadh na seoladh | ... nár thimcheall thórsa `every shaping ... he hath compassed completely' (of an expert shoemaker), Ó Bruad. ii 226 .

IV through, out of (an aperture). Cf. II (c) supra.

(a) Of doors, gates, etc.: coro-m[a]idhetur secht srotha do fhuil ... amach darna secht ndoirrsib, Sc.M² 17.y . tanic an bás t.¤ doirsib mo chuirp is-tech, PH 7805 . Bernais Tana bo Cualnge ... dáig taris rucad in tain, TBC-LL¹ 1587.

(b) Of parts of the body, etc.: in mac imlesen. Fand iarom ainm na dére dothaet tairis, LU 3377 ( SCC 17 ). connách tic focal a corai tardo chend so that you cannot speak properly, Sc.M² 13.y . ní ticfa gāire tar a bél co brách, RC xxiv 374.9 . crechta doimne ... ┐ siat ic tipirsin fhola tairsib, D IV 2, 72b10 .

V through (clothes, etc.): co lluid (sleg) tarsin tlacht ... baí im Ailill, TBFr. 238 . bricht comga ... Ro gonadhsan cach tairsí ┐ treithi ┐ séici, TBC-LL¹ p. 359 n. 7 .

VI In phrases.

(a) tar ais back: in ced do cur tar aís to withdraw the permission, RC xix 28.2 . rathsill ... dara ais, TTebe 4011 . gairm thar ais ` appeal ,' Donlevy 186.21 . See ais.

(b) tar éis on behalf of , etc., see 2 éis.

VII Of time.

(a) Prospectively: nat ṡasai aena t.¤ aile `that one day should not be extended beyond two days,' Laws i 120.18 . Cf. 150.17 . má (sic leg.) téis immurgu t.¤ domnuch `if however it pass the Sunday,' Mon. Tall. 137.14 . tairis sin ` from that forth ,' Laws iii 370.2 Comm. go dtéid t.¤ tráth codalta, TD 20.59 .

(b) With téit is imminent, falls due: do-chuaidh thort mo tháirriochtain it is time for you to save me, DDána 11.23 . 52.39 . dá ndeachadh thoruinn if I was put to it, 95.7 . rachaidh thoruibh tráth oile | bláth toruidh na trócoire, 7.4 .

(c) Retrospectively: noco cuirem in bliadhain-si thoruind `till the year is ended,' Fianaig. 68.21 . atáid re hathaigh d'aimsir ... thart thall `for some time past,' TD 3.2 . an bioth go dtairrnge tharaibh till your life is over, DDána 53.13 . na faoisidineadha do chuaidh thort ` past ,' Donlevy 320.4 .

(d) tar éis after , see 2 éis.

B In meanings of a more abstract nature.

I Denoting increase, excess, etc.

(a) in addition to, besides: dá bfuirgedh dia ... | tairis in chuid do chaithemh `yet farther to consume the meal,' O'Gr. Cat. 442. y. tairis ar marbhadh dhiobh `besides those that were killed,' Rel. Celt. ii 192.6 . tairis sin `besides,' Donlevy 218.14 . tairis so, Corp. Astron. 2.29 .

(b) in excess of: rath t.¤ airdig `over-plus food stock,' Laws ii 262.2 . troscad t.¤ dliged `fasting in excess of what is legal,' iv 58.10 Comm. a mbeith t.¤ a riachtanus `aught over and above his needs,' TSh. 7105.

(c) With téit exceeds: ni conraga tairis it will not increase, Laws i 48.10 . co ndechaidh t.¤ airem a n-esbadha `their losses exceeded computation,' RC xviii 173.2 . téid t.¤ fhine Éireamhóin ` excels ,' Aithd. D. 18.26 . do chuaidh mo shúil t.¤ mo chuid, Dánta Gr. 88.1 . Cf. nā ticidh taris do not exceed it (of a stipulated number of men for a fight), ZCP xiii 228.9 .

II Denoting preference, comparison, distinction , etc. between two objects or between one and several others.

(a) excelling, surpassing, beyond: ar Chríst cóem t.¤ folaid (sic leg.?) excelling, Fél. Apr. 10 . debaid dar dā bran `combat fiercer than two ravens,' ZCP iii 45.9 . rainig a theisd t.¤ ghniomh ghaoidheal `excelled,' Rel. Celt. ii 218.31 . thairis gach ní above all, Feis Tighe Chonáin 862 . a neart t.¤ an gcóir do chuir `He has set Her power higher than any rights,' Aithd. D. 86.18 .

(b) in preference to, rather than: ar adradh Dē dó tairsibh in preference to them (the druids), RC xviii 382.19 . do thogh Dia ... gnúis í Néill ... t.¤ féin ... Gaoidhiol, TD 7.43 . a ghnaoi t.¤ nar bh'iarraidh Art (i.e. when we have you we no longer look for A.), DDána 106.31 . diomoladh na neolghach d'fulang, t.¤ a bheith dorcha air chách (of simple writing), Donlevy xxii 17.

(c) Approximating to of in Eng. of all things, persons, etc., above all: do Laighnibh t.¤ tir oile | níor dhligh buain na bóruimhe from Leinster of all countries, Content. vi 236 . buachoill mo bhó féin | t.¤ gach duine dá dtéid uaim `of all those that deserted me,' TD 22.18 . t.¤ gach arm ... dhíobh sin nachar bhfer feadhma do dhéanamh re clogat é `a helmet, above all ... accoutrements whatsoever, he was not the man to use,' O'Gr. Cat. 510.25.

(d) in comparison with: ní fhuil ann acht dia díomhaoin | t.¤ Mhac Dé (of wordly goods), DDána 22.1 .

(e) aithnid x t.¤ y distinguishes x from y: budh feidhm aithne ar an ngréin ghil | tar néimh aighthe gach aingil to distinguish the bright sun from the radiance of the angels' faces, DDána 29.34 . ionnus nach aithnighedh an dubh t.¤ an mbán, ZCP xii 396.22 . fios an sgrioptuir choir ... t.¤ an leabhar nach sgrioptur, Luc. Fid. 257.2 .

III In meanings with the underlying idea of substitution:

(a) on behalf of, for the sake of (?): is tríd trá do rádhusa | ... | t.¤ chach `on behalf of the others,' Content. vii 6 . níom comhghaol níom cara dhuibh | tarsa ná tathaoir Lughaidh `do not blame L. on that score,' xxi 19 . trúag gan mé is taraind ar thuit, IGT Decl. ex. 664.

(b) tar cend on behalf of , see 1 cenn.

(c) tar éis, see 2 éis.

(d) in return for: t.¤ cais cain-denam (in return) `for hate, well-doing,' Lib. Hymn. 173.358 (ACC). lecid in mnai ass ┐ tabar slan dúib taris in return, LL 276a36 . t.¤ gach leathtrom ... | malairt urchair uaim tar ais | do bhéar `in return for the harsh words,' Content. xvii 10 . Note also: is tairside dochuaid A. ua cleith `through her A. went in secret ...,' TTebe 505 .

IV in violation of, against, generally governing a noun meaning law, treaty, etc.

(a) With téit, do-icc, gaibid etc. transgresses (see also tairmthecht): ho luid adam t.¤ réir, Wb. 3c37 . tairmthtecht t.¤ timna, Laws i 10.3 . raghaidh cech recht t.¤ araile every right will run counter to another, ZCP viii 195.6 . berar coma úan don laech, | mad dia ti taris is báeth if he reject it, TBC-LL¹ 1644 . dias doroine cundradh ... is cuimgech cach fer dib masech tiachtain tairis `withdraw from it' (Plummer MS. notes), H 5.15, 8a ( O'D. 1589 ). riasind aurd dara gaib `the orders which he transgressed,' Mon. Tall. 141.28 . dá ngabhthar linn slighe t.¤ a síorghuidhe, Aithd. D. 19.14 . Cf. t.¤ láimh an ríogh ... | do-chuaidh sinn, 66.28 . ni failmet darth'airmitein, SR 6320.

(b) against, in violation of: dar timne recto dognither int immarmus, Wb. 3c36 . dar brethir Colum Cille, BCC² 233.334 . tar breithir an tṡenaire ┐ an druadh, RC ix 462.14 . toirched t.¤ apud `getting a woman with child notwithstanding being forbidden,' Laws i 176.1 . is t.¤ menmin lim `es geht mir gegen den Sinn,' ZCP viii 175.27 . is t.¤ ghealladh do mhaoidhis `against your promise you boasted ...,' Content. v 183 . faill do thabhairt i ngrádh Dé, t.¤ mar budh dlightheach dhó, TSh. 8613 . t.¤ mo shárugud, PH 3825 . dar sāruccud Dē, ACL iii 308.19 .

(c) in spite of: in ti troisces t.¤ taircsin reir do, Laws i 118.4 . a ngabail t.¤ a n-ainme cipē cruth i mbeid taking them in spite of their defects, ZCP viii 113.10 . robudh thochmarc t.¤ lóegh mbeo sin that were a wooing despite a living warrior (her lover Fróech being alive), ZCP xiii 173.5 . t.¤ a mbí dá dhocracht dó, TD 15.22 . Hence tairis sin yet nevertheless: rodlesaighes thairis sin and yet I have befriended thee, BS 20.27 . bíodh nach tabhair an t-aifreann éin-ní nua dona naoidheanaibh ..., thairis sin ... dleaghair a rádh, TSh. 4831.

V In asseveration = Eng. by (perh. from practice of placing hand over object sworn by, Fraser ZCP viii 60 ): ducuitig tarais fadeissin ... nech taratoissed he swore by himself, Wb. 33d10 . t.¤ ioib gl. per Iouem, Sg. 217b2 . dar mo bréthir, IT i 121.22 . tongu-sa fom chumachta ┐ t.¤ in mac n-oengine, Ériu ii 196.18 . dar an bpeann `by the pen,' O'Gr. Cat. 590.33.