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acarthóir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. acarthóir or dil.ie/126

 

n (acra) plaintiff, pleader: in trath nach derbhann in tagartoir a agra , O'D. 542 (H.3.17, 434). derbhadh an agarthóir is don cintach léigther, 847 (603). budh beag dtaraidh an tulchóir / it aghaidh don agarthóir, DDána 101.23 . breitheamh . . . cosantach . . . agarthoir, Luc. Fid. 273.3 .

acra(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. acra(e) or dil.ie/232

 

Forms: acre, accrai, acru, agra, acrad

n io, n. Later f. vn. of ad-gair. a s. acre, Wb. 9c20 . g s. accrai, Laws v 372.7 . d s. acru, LL 353a76 . agra f. IGT Decl. § 3 . Verbs § 47 . Later also acrad.

Act of suing, prosecuting, bringing an action, urging a claim; action, suit, process (with gen. of the matter of the suit and FOR (AR) of the person sued): tagra quasi dagra .i. dā n-agra bīs ann, Corm. Y 1259 . acra gl. actio, Ir. Gl. 869 . ní bethe fria acre, ye should not be seeking redress for it, Wb. 9c20 . ce na (= no) betha ac acra ar nech dul ara nurlainn, Laws iii 252.19 . gu nach urasa cin d'agra for a tigernaib `it is not easy to sue their lords for trespasses', iv 222.1 Comm. cach foghail do genu se . . . ciamad ail a nacera for aite `though one should wish to sue his fosterer for them', ii 170.4 Comm. ni bi acraidi faesam .i. nocha bi a.¤ athgabala don ti bis ar faesam neich . . . .i. fer bis for faesam ní tualaing acra the person who is under protection may not be sued? i 102.x , 104.24 Comm. ticfa d'acra a dala `to prosecute his cause', 6.22 . do buing agru ericc suing exacts compensation, ii 14 z . featactain agra na ratha `attempt to sue the surety', v 226.31 Comm. fethem . . . agamsa dot agra sa, i 294.7 Comm. ma docuaid in grad feine d'acrad in graid flatha, 112 y . acrudh do dénum ┐ indliged do denum oc in agra sin, ii 66.9 . ni tuasluce nach suire . . . bes isle agra bes uaisle enech, 36.z. ac acra uatha suing from them, v 120.30 . ai naccrai the matter of the suit, 372.7 . fuil setaibh acrai inerce `a wound (inflicted) in the cause of levying a payment due', Ériu xii 50 § 63 . ag agra goidi ┐ braidi when suing a case of theft and plunder, Laws v 42.18 Comm. acra bor[b]luchuis, ii 16.7 Comm. cuir ┐ cundartha . . . d'acrau forin conair fugill is cert, Cóic Con. 20 § 13 . fer na hagra the plaintiff, O'D. 570 ( H 3.17, 440-1 ). di ēis ind fir acrai, ZCP xv 322 § 15 n. 1 . ae an fir acra, Laws v 306.10 Comm. soiri domnaig . . . gin acrai gan brethemnus, Anecd. iii 21.4 . nócon ainfe ingrimm ┐ acrae dííbh ca bráth, Trip.² 2218 . frithchuires dím accra olcu amhuinsi, ZCP vi 258.4 . gabais M. . . . ic acra a cor, LL 221b27 ( TTr. 330 ). itú ic triall a acrai ḟort I am suing thee for it, LL 14136 . lucht a éaraca dá agra orra to sue them for his eric, ML 132.7 . badur . . . og agra a comairci ar in rig they were demanding the king's protection, YBL 172b20 . teid dagra a shlana ar O'nDomnaill to make claim on O'D. for violating his surety, L. Chl. S. § 17 . dolluid . . . Lactain . . . do acru in gníma sin co flaith to complain of that deed, LL 353a76 . gan a bhás d'agradh ar neach `not to demand retribution from anyone for his death', Keat. ii 5192 . d'agra airdchíosa ar Chúigeadh Laighean `to exact', iii 3082 . ag agra fhiach claiming a debt, Dán Dé xxvi 12 . ro bhaoí ua N. ag agra blaidhe don dúthaigh fuair Niall ó Domhnaill on righ, AFM vi 2350.7 . ná ro cumhaing Ua N. an fearann dagra ó chert, .14 . an lá thiocfas triath na n-aingeal d'agra a chéasda sa chroich, A. Ó Dálaigh xliv 9 . oca agra (sic leg.) gurbhó dalta dhósom ó Domnaill `urging', Hugh Roe 48.10 (fo. 13a) . do brud . . . in domain . . . is d'acra ar a cend `to take vengeance on it', Cog. 180.4 . iomdha agra nach admhaim `many charges I confess not' (i.e. do not plead guilty to), Dán Dé iv 3 . gach agra dá bhfuil againn ┐ gach leathscéal dá bhfuil agaibhsi, Maguires of F. 74 . báttar . . . ag aighnes ima naccarthaibh for aroile they were disputing as to their claims, AFM vi 2166.z. teit accra ann, an action lies in that case, PH 7612 . Cill Baird i Laignib ní agra i.e. undoubtedly Mart. Don. xxxix 16 . Of the thing claimed: re h-iarraid na hagra, MR 264.11 . Of challenging in battle: cenn cosnama . . . Erenn ar uaill ┐ ar agra , MR 96.3 .

ad-gair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-gair or dil.ie/453
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ad-gaur, adgair, adgair, -acair, atgairith, adgairet, -acrait, adgairther, -agarthar, -acarthar, -acarar, -agartar, -acair, ad-gaura, -acrai, -aigera, -aicerat, -aigérthar, ad-gérad, adobragart, adrograd, agartha, acrae, acraid

v ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 533 ). Forms: Indic. pres. 1 s. ad-gaur, Thes. ii 228.30 (PCr.). adgairim, LU 10289 . 2 s. adgair, Laws ii 118.24 . 3 s. adgair, Laws v 100.21 . -acair, Laws i 102.x . 2 pl. atgairith, Wb. 9c22 . 3 pl. adgairet, O'Dav. 136 . -acrait, Laws v 118.10 . Pass. sg. adgairther, Críth G. 61 . -agarthar, Cóic Con. 29 § 12 . -acarthar, Ériu xvi 181 § 20 . -acarar, Ériu ii 206 § 26 . Pl. -agartar, Cóic Con. 29 § 12 . Ipv. 2 s. -acair, KMMisc. 262.13 . Subj. pres. 3 s. ad-gaura (ad-gara v.l.), Anecd. iii 26.6 . -acrai (acro, v.l.), 22.22 . Fut. 3 s. -aigera, Laws i 272.11 Comm. 3 pl. -aicerat, Laws i 116.26 Comm. Pass. sg. -aigérthar, MR 294.2 . Condit. 3 s. ad-gérad, Ériu xvii 70 § 13 . ( Laws iv 220.7 ). Perf. 3 s. adobragart, Wb. 19b5 . Pass. sg. adrograd, Wb. 3c22 .

Verbal of necess. agartha, O'D. 546 (H 3.17, 436).

Vn. acrae.

Later as simple vb. acraid. IGT Verbs § 47 .

(a) adgaur no duttluchur gl. conuenio, Thes. ii 228.30 ( PCr. 60a5 ). adgairim firu chóicid Chonchobair immá rig, LU 10289 . is and adragart Sencha . . . ``na curid cor díb'' or se called out(?), IT i 67.9 . adrograd cath uadib impu battle was offered(?), LL 22531 ( Dinds. 158 ). doberthar in cath acruim `the battle will be fought which I proclaim', Fen. 376.19 .

(b) sues, prosecutes, impleads, accuses: ní dilgaid a n-ancride dogníther frib act atgairith `but ye complain of it (i.e. make it a cause of action)', Wb. 9c22 . sech ni acrathar ni tacrathar `neither suit nor levy is made against them' Ériu xvi 181 § 20 . deoraid bis for snadugh ni acuir ni acurthur i.e. he has no ordinary legal status O'D. 48 (H 3.17, c.43). fer adgair ┐ adgairther, Triads 161 . ni agarur nach cintuch acht do roith logh fiach adroillithur, Laws ii 14.y . ni agraid filidh acht fioruibh fer fatha, Ériu xiii 17.26 . a[i]r ad-gérad cách di threbairi mani dénta[e] ruidles de `for everyone would sue on the ground of the owner's responsibility', Ériu xvii 70 § 13 ( Laws iv 220.7 ). is co nog-dire . . . atgairter `it is impleaded with full díre', Ériu xii 83.23 . nach coimdedh beas mo logh ne[i]ch adgair fri hinbleoghuin of that which he claims against the surety-kinsman, Laws ii 14.19 . in file . . . acras in mhed na dlighenn, i 58.17 Comm. is e in lin coibdelach acerus in rath, ii 208.25 . curub grad sechta ac aidbred a sét ac duine is isli inás ┐ curab nech ni adagara, O'D. 1632 (H 5.15, 17). is ed adgair o rigaib `this is what he sues from kings', Laws v 100.21 . ite cealla ind-so o nach acrait airchindig a leasa, inge ma deoru De atgaru uadaib ar etgo i n-eclais De, 118.10 . rohagrad Cúchulaind annsin ó Ultaib C. was then sued by the Ulstermen, Ériu i 126.1 . re foraithmet na fala ro haccradh etorra that was a matter of dispute AFM vi 2266.6 . aigeóraidh sé an domhan, John xvi 8 . dá n-agra coir 'n-ar gcoinne / tagra ni fhoil agoinn-ne if thou urgest sin against us, DDána 25.4 . . . . dá ngéar-agra / an troigh 'san taobh `if Thou bringest against me the wounding of Thy foot and side', Dán Dé xvi 15 . d'éigsibh Éireann is anait / ionnmhus dā n-agraid Bréithnigh if the men of B. should demand wealth, O'R. Poems 2054 . agrais Muire . . . / mar nar dhiúlt dí o thosach he implored Mary, A. Ó Dálaigh l 28 .

(c) Various: adobragart gl. [quis] uos fascinauit [non obedire ueritati], Wb. 19b5 . ( Galatians iii 1 ) leg. fascenauit 'he [the Devil] has seduced you ' Ogma 239 , 'bewitched' LOIG 39 . In phrases, a.¤ x imm y sues x for y: mas a naenfecht ro hacrad he im fiach a laime, Laws iii114.z . créad an chóir . . . fa n-aguir inis Alban, TD 24.4 . a.¤ x i(n-) y: nech donair for imdecht . . . cén mbes sorchu al-lá ní hacarar ind he is not sued for it, Ériu ii 206 § 26 . ná hagair inn sa gcánaidh, DDána 24.24 . do agradaois a ghaol isan gcion `they would sue his kin for the crime', Keat. i 68.16 . agraim ad ghealladh thú I earnestly beseech you in virtue of your promise, Mac Aingil 320 . aigéoram in gach gellad dibh-sin é, BCC 116.33 . a.¤ x for y sues y in the matter of x: sechipe tra adgaura in cain-si in domnaig gid fora athuir, Anecd. iii 26.6 . co nderna cert frit do neoch adgair fair `in what thou suest him for', Laws ii 118.24 . ni acuir in fechiumh for in cintuch in aithghin, 16.9 Comm. ná hacair for cill (chill v.l.) `do not sue the clergy', KMMisc. 262 § 15 . nī ba hē cētní aicēras demon form-sa īar n-dul anúnd, MacCongl. 25.3 . in adbaid a naigérthar uirre a h-uilc (of the soul) MR 294.2 . ni h-anagra acht fir flatha agairther oirne, 160.11 . mairg ar a n-aigeora a ḟuil, Aithd. D. 68.12 . agraigh sé orra a choingheall `forces his terms upon them', Content. v 102 . agrais E. . . . / a chunnradh ar Coin gCuluinn, DDána 82.24 . do agair a fhīch ┐ a aimréir ar Ulltaibh vented his anger on, ML² 1199 . mun agaradh a fhuaith ar bhoin `unless he vented his hatred on a cow', Ó Bruad. iii 170.12 . looks after, tends (cf. ar-gair): i tig fir adgair búar maige Tethrai, Comp. CC 26 § 17 . ni tualaing ben ro-ria ni sech oen a cenn: ada-gair a athair i-mbe (leg. mbi) ingen . . . ada-gairet a mme[i]cc i-mbi be clainne .i. urgairid a athair hi ínas (leg. anas) ingen do hi her father looks after her when she is a maiden (un married), Ir. Recht 35 § 38 . forbids, prevents: rafetarsa as peccad comaccobor hore adrograd gl. nam concupiscentiam nesciebam nisi lex diceret: non concupisces ( Romans vii 7 ), `I know that concupiscence is sin because it has been forbidden', Wb. 3c22 . adgairet .i. urgairet, ut est dechmada ┐ primiti ┐ almsana argairet ré cuaird dunebath i.e. tithes etc. prevent the plague, O'Dav. 136 .

agra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. agra or dil.ie/704

 

x see acra(e).

aidbred

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidbred or dil.ie/841
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: aidbreda, aidhbriudha, aidhbridh

n u and o, [m.] Vn. of ad-fíri, g s. aidbreda, O'D. 1631 (H. 5.15, 17a). aidhbriudha, 2423 ( Rawl. B. 506, 55a ). aidhbridh, O'Dav. 111 . For the meaning act of publicizing, drawing attention to see Ériu xx 62 . act of suing, claiming: nech nád cumangar do aidbriud nó do díriuch `who cannot be sued', Ériu ii 208 § 27 . aidbriudh .i. agra, ut est eitiri rig, ar ní cach is tualaing a aidhbridh .i. a agra , O'Dav. 111 . ar ni tualaing nech acrai na aidbriudai domnaig, Anecd. iii 23.9 . es coitchend di cech oen a aidbriud ┐ a tobach, 3 . is fo līn n-aidbriudui tēid an fiach-so do neuch dib dodboing, 22.20 . ni bi aidbriud carud no coibdelchae mani acrai . . . cen dīc[h]ill, 21 . diamat do fir in aidbreda no léicfithea a imdénma, O'D. 1631 (H. 5.15, 17a). ac a.¤ a sét ac duine is isli inás, 1632 (ib.). uar aidhbriudha, 2423 ( Rawl. B 502 , 55 a). in sét aidhbriudha the `sét' which is the subject of a claim, 2418 (ib.). in bó aidbriudha, Laws ii 42.17 Comm. mana ti aidhbred, iv 236.11 Comm. bera aidbriudh taidhbi cor `a suit will set aside an unfair contract', 268.15 Comm. in neimidh uil acon aidbredh, v 216.10 Comm. aidhbriugh .i. indilsiugud ut est ar ni haidbriugh for foth(?) forlengar for dilsi, Ériu xiii 54 § 1 = O'Dav. 941 . Cf. aidbriudh .i. inndilsiugud, ut est aidbriudh molta .i. inndilsiugud, O'Dav. 56 . aes aidbredha ainme for incaibh ind rig, Laws i 72.29 ; 'people who would publicize the blemish on the king's face,' Bretha 62 = arna beth druth na hoinmid ann arna toirbeitis a ainme ina inchaib, Ériu xvi 38 § 7 ; 'lest they should taunt him with the blemish in his face' Bretha 62 . ar aithbriuth a anmae, O'Curry 64 ( H 3.18, 23a ). is lethiu enech ríg aidbriud `for a king's honour is wider than any claim', Triads 235 . aidbris . . . in claideb ┐ dorigni tecta n-adbriuda occa he made their claim according to law, IT iii 200 § 65 . cen guin gan aibriud gan atgabail, BB 370b36 . óenach . . . / cen chron cen aidbriud cen dáil, Metr. Dinds. iv 150.59 . ? for ar dianarlib / Dia dom aidbresa (adhbred-sa, aithbresa v.ll. , ZCP x 345.z ) / Crist dom ditisea, LU 1165 . aidhbriudh .i. cronughadh, O'Cl. Drawing attention to a blemish and thus shaming the victim in public Bretha 62 : coirpdiri cacha cneidi cacha aidbrida co rici ocht naidbridha dec cen etirimdibe baill ┐ ma ta eitirimdibe baill is a.¤ ar fichit, Laws iii 346.5 Comm. in rann othrusa no aithgina uil and is ar oenach reithes no ar tri haidbredaib ┐ nucon ar daigin tuba na hainme do rine fer aidbrida a iarfaigid and, 19 Comm. mas ar aidbriudaib is ar da aidbriud dec ┐ ma ta imdibe baill is ar .u. dec rethis, O'Curry 232 ( H 3.18, 126 ). la set cach aidbriuda ima ruide rus 'a sét for every advertisement for which [his] cheek blushes ' Bretha 40 § 31 .

aithdliged

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithdliged or dil.ie/2601

 

n (dliged) retrospective claim(?): ar n-uilc re n-éag / admham do Dhia ó daighcridhibh, / ní tráth tagra / ar mbráth ag agra ar n-aithdlighidh, Aithd. D. 61.32 .

arc(h)aingel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. arc(h)aingel or dil.ie/4000

 

Forms: archaingeal

n o, m. (Lat. archangelus) archaingeal m., IGT Decl. § 53 . archangel: i frestul na narchaingel, Thes. ii 355.6 . drong árchaingel nime, Fél. Ep. 233 . Míchél arcaingel, LU 2085 (FA). guth ind árchaingil Michil, 2512 . ona harcainglib, 2012 . fri harchangliu, Ériu ii 194 § 8 . a uile náomhaingle ┐ archaingle, Parrth. Anma 4020 . os cinn na n-uile aingeal / don chuire ḟind archaingeal, IGT Decl. ex. 1347 ( Dán Dé xiv 4 ). ní dóigh agra an t-archaingeal, DDána 11.27 .

ar-lúaidi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-lúaidi or dil.ie/4183

 

v only in Laws Comm. in etymological glosses: ro hairled .i. is in Senchus ro heraluaided, Laws i 40.25 , 126.13 . it teora eirce airliter (? for airilter = inairaltar, O'Curry 833 , H. 3.18, 381ab) .i. eraluaidhter na teora eirce seo, iii 26.25. dilmain do baethaib na nairliter gaith .i. is dilmain dona baethaib mana eraluaiter gaith and, O'Curry 684 (H 3.18, 333). slicht eitgedh airligter .i. eraluaiter, Laws iii 536.35 . eraluad gl. airilliud, 10.13 . ni mor airilliud .i. uair nocha mor in torbu eraluaidter, v 250.11 . ní diles ni fona bí airille .i. nocha diles agra do neoch aní ná erluaiter aige, O'D. 547 (H 3.17, c. 436). roniatha a comal anairle .i. . . . o bias in teraluad seo sis, O'Curry 446 (H 3.18, 239a).

atúd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. atúd or dil.ie/4970

 

Forms: ataidi, (f)adádh, (f)adódh, (f)adúdh

n ? g s. ataidi, Laws iii 264.17 Comm. Vn. of ad-daí. (f)adádh, (f)adódh, (f)adúdh, IGT Verbs § 64 . act of kindling, lighting: oc a.¤ tened, BDD² 488 . tene do ḟatóg, Ériu iii 141.194 . ba hadud n-aird-grise fo fidnaig, Anecd. ii 48.y . ag fodógh ┐ ag fritheóladh na tinneadh sin riu, ZCP iv 422.13 . ar adhnudh ┐ ar fhadudh `kindled and set on fire', vi 26.11 . loscid in tene in crand úr / o fageib a ardda.¤ , LL 19321 . atá teine ar nach téid smál / i mbrugh ifrinn ar adádh, TSh. 6239 . adúdh .i. teine chreasa `a circle-fire', O'Cl. Eg. Gl. 651 .

Freq. in fig. sense of emotions, quarrels, etc.: ag fadádh is tigh fam thuinn / iomdha agra nach admhaim, Dán Dé iv 3 . fatud . . . deṡerce, Lism. L. 592 . lucht na himreasna d'ḟadúdh, TD 18.20 . fadódh fírḟeirge, 16.13 . adudh do chor i ccoiccill an choccaidh, AFM v 1792.17 . do ghnaoi a fionnmhaicne is fadógh `she is the renewal of her fair race's glory', Magauran 4176 . ? tidnucul atai in glefisa, Laws i 36.28 Comm. caindell atai in gléfisa, 29 Comm. glossing tidnacul cluaise diaraile (one of the ways of transmitting oral learning).

With FO: cuisle an gráidh ag fadódh faei, IGT Verbs ex. 529 . dfadógh fa shúilibh a ghlóire, Isaiah iii 8 (`to provoke the eyes of').

In proverbial sayings. Of a hopeless undertaking: tigedhas . . . gan mnáoi . . . as adudh re hénoires trying to light a fire with a single faggot, BS 36 (54.24) . ba hatod ri hoen-tenid, Metr. Dinds. iv 52.146 . Prob. also in: bid atōd fri hairis (Fer D. to Cú Chulaind) (or you will be an easy prey?), TBC-I¹ 2621 . ná séid aoibhil gan ḟadúdh = do not flog a dead horse, Content. xxii 27 . gríos is urusa d'fhadódh (: clódh), Studies 1924, 88 § 25 .

boingid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. boingid or dil.ie/6314
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: bongaid, buingid, buing, boing, buich, -bocht, boing-, boin-, bain-, -buṅg, bongar, bóus, bibhsa, biba, bibhsiutt, -bobig, buich, baichsead, bibsat, -bocht, bochta, búain, boing

v also bongaid, buingid. See Vendryes, Études Celt. v 240. With non-radical -n-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 339 , 477 , GOI § 550. For long ō of subj. stem (bōss-) postulated by Thurn. Hdb. § 616 note ex. bóus cited infra. For future see § 657 , 666 , 667 . buing, boing, IGT Verbs § 76. Pret. 3 s. buich included here may acc. to Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 477 belong to another stem buig: see also GOI § 694 (c), Thurn. KZ xlviii 65 - 66 and Celtic Verb 117 n. For pass. pret. -bocht see GOI § 707. The stem boing- becomes obsolete in mod. Ir., but its vocalism seems to have influenced boin-, bain-, late forms of benaid.

Pres. indic. 1 s. -buṅg, Corm. Bodl. 34.26 . Pass. s. rel. bongar, Mon. Tall. 132.19 . Pres. subj. 3 s. rel. bóus (B. na f.), ZCP v 486 § 6. Fut. 1 s. bibhsa, O'Cl. ? 3 s. biba, Trip. 88.1 . 3 pl. bibhsiutt, RC xii 106 § 155. Pret. 3 s. -bobig, RC xi 446.y . buich, LU 352 (ACC) (arch. by-form, GOI § 694 ). ? -baig , Celtica xxi 119 § 6 . 3 pl. baichsead, O'Cl. ? fut. as pret. bibsat, LU 6194. Pret. pass. -bocht, Thes. ii 334.3 (Hy.v). part. bochta, RC v 201 § 20 . See also 1 bocht, -bochtae. Vn. búain, boing.

(a) breaks, smites, strikes: (rhet.) fortut brágit bibsatar, LU 10361 = beufsatar (bebsatar (St.), n. 16), ZCP iii 255.y . boingidh méin in uma `they (i.e. `in lucht') break up the copper-ore', Hermathena xxi 4.z. craitsiusa conbobig a mmer ( co mbobig, Contribb. 239 `so that he broke her finger'), RC xi 446.y . Cormac cain buich (.i. ro bris) neoit (.i. gainne), LU 352 (`destroyed niggardliness, Stokes RC xx 44.18 ). ro ches gair co mbuich (.i. . . . co ro brissistar cath for Demun ┐ domun) `until he routed', ACC 39. Cf. bach .i. brisedh, O'Curry 972 (H. 3.18, 416). ruthid hedh baeth foa mbi / do fuit co mbuich a chnami, ACC 39 Comm. buich, bugh .i. briseadh, O'Cl. bibsat ind fir na bú tairis `drove the cattle across' (Faraday), LU 6194 ( TBC-I¹ 1711 ). comboing in cethri darsna slúagu sair, 6207 . luighiu mac int soihfesai | ron buich tres bēim uí Rossa 'the oath of the children of poesy, one of the three blows of the grandson of Ros ... has broken it', Ériu lix 126 § 8​ .

(b) cuts, reaps; plucks, gathers; ceso femmuin mbolgaig mbuṅg (: sund), Corm. Bodl. 34.26 (s.v. prull) bung, mung, bug, mbuing, v.ll., Wind. Festschr. 17.47 , 12.44 . lathe búana dí madbocht (.i. maith ro boiṅged), Thes. ii 334.3 , 27 (Hy. v). ? nescietur cóich biba coich beba who shall cut down, who shall die, i.e. who shall reap and be reaped (by death), Trip. 88.1 . Cf. beg bríga bebsat bibath (bi bath, text) midlách, MR 170.8 . bert bond bochta blaith, RC v 201 § 20 (bochta[i] bláith `flowers were reaped', Ériu xxii 42 § 5 ). methel ón ní is meato (sic, Lat. meto) .i. boingim, O'D. 520 (H. 3.17, 422). bibhsiutt buain cech raithi `they shall reap a harvest', RC xii 106 § 155. luss bongar ind domnuch . . . nó cnoi bongar dia domnaich `that is cut . . . that are plucked . . .', Mon. Tall. 132.19 , 21 . biorar bhuingim-si, BS 94.13 . ma ro boinged `if (the fern) has been cut' (Gloss.), Laws i 172.13 Comm. ní bia . . . .i. ar na boinge fid a feraind, iv 124.18 Comm. ro boingeadh damna in cleib no na cleithi `were cut', v 474.24 Comm. lus cech galair . . . / boinghcter uile a n-ocht kalaind, Ériu ix 66.12 . a cnúas ni buing dalta dhó `no fosterling . . . breaks off', KMMisc. 174 § 31. (? B. na f.) ní bhoingfedh (.i. fásfadh, 379.15) cairche as anad `he would not harvest', ZCP iii 378.5 .

(c) exacts, levies: bongur eiric dít isin agra nindlighthech, O'D. 546 (H. 3.17, 435). B. na f. tor (.i. triath) bóus (.i. toibhgis), ZCP v 486 § 6. Note also: ughdar bleacht na mbeart (mbreath v.l.) gan bhréag do bhuing `of . . . judgments framed without mendacity', Ó Bruad. ii 200.z .

(d) With prepp. ní bhuingeadh gaoth cairche a hindlibh ó mheadhon foghmair go meadhon Earraigh `did not take a hair off the cattle', AFM i 90.7 . do bhoing sé a hanumhla inn, IGT Decl. ex. 320. sé líne do bean a broid, ex. 297 . mór do bhoing dím gu drásda / grásda rígh an chroinn chésda, IGT Decl. ex. 38. nar bhuing d'fhiliodhoibh urroim `who have not refused respect to poets', O'Hara 1308. do bhuing do Thadhg ar thagair `he refuted his (T.'s) contention', Content. xx 10 . re síth Duirn buide buinges `lying close up against the side of D. B.', SG 179.12 . Tuatha De . . . / for Thuaith mBolg baichset righi (glossed: do bensat T.D.D . . . righi Erenn do Feraibh Bolcc íar mbrisedh orra), Leb. Gab.(i) 158.2 . ? slad croinn na deachmhaidhe dhí / do bhoing mear-chraidhe ar gach mnaoi, Dán Dé xxvii 23 . níor bhoing sliocht an álaidh ort did not wipe away (?), 14 . do bhoing lubhghort an Ríogh ruinn `God's garden has become ours', 24 . is cumae fiach neich adchi ┐ na naidhbhridh, ┐ nad boing iarum fri nech chuilles soíre in domnaig who does not exact (a fine) against (?), O'D. 1938 ( Cod. Clarend. 15, 6c ). Part. precise (?), complete (cf. becht): triochadh bliadain mbochta (.i. iomlana), 23 E 26, 140.15 = bai triocha bliadhna mbochta (glossed: triocha bliadhna móra, nó móaightheacha (sic leg.), no iomlana, no on mbochta (`of poverty'), Leb. Gab.(i) 68.9 .

borblachas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. borblachas or dil.ie/6402

 

n o, m. (borb) fierceness, harshness, rudeness, violence: ni denad b.¤ , LL 19213. a mbrigh ┐ a mborblachus ┐ a morghal ṁiled, BB 419a44 . tre borblachus ` violence' (of injury to oxen by ploughmen), Laws iii 268.18 Comm. imain borblachuis `boisterous driving' (of cattle, etc.), v 140.3 Comm. ni bid borbl[ach]us do and `it is not any impropriety in him', ii 52.4 Comm. is sedh is agra borblachais do, ueth ag agru fiach air, ┐ cinnte aige na dlecht ni de `unjust suing', 142.5 Comm. isedh is comairci borblachais and, neimdeitin dligid in comairci damaging protection (?), O'Curry 2034 (H. 4.22, 57a).

ceilt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ceilt or dil.ie/8466

 

f. Vn. of ceilid. IGT Decl. § 14 . Verbs § 34 . Act of hiding, concealing : is aire dorigni si sin in ch.¤ sin, BB 237a24 = ceilcg, Celtica 12.81 (of Rachel). c.¤ gach thaoibh leabhair fa lic, Dán Dé xxv 13 (cleith, v.l.). ag c.¤ a gcreidimh, TSh. 3548 . With AR: mo pheactha nach éidir liom do ch.¤ ort, Parrth. Anma 4625 . an fhírinne do ch.¤ air ar nUachtarán dlisdionach, Donlevy 72.y . With CEN: is cóir cen a chelt it is proper to make it known, LL 370b25 = chleith, Arch. Hib. iv 205 § 10 . With FO: fo ch.¤ `outlawed', Oss. iii 82.15 . fá ch.¤ déar blinded by tears, Keat. Poems 704 .

Act of setting aside, suppressing , etc.: agra nach éidir do ch.¤ , Dán Dé xiv 7 . ag c.¤ fuardochta in adhóir dispelling , O'Gr. Cat. 452.9 . ag c.¤ dobróin driving away sorrow, Oss. iii 260.19 . In chevilles: nocha c.¤ riaghla reidhi it is a plain statement, etc., Ériu ii 228.9 . gan c.¤ (sic leg.), BNnÉ 144.11 . os da neimh-cheilt to put it plainly, 228 § 133 .

See 2 cleth.

cengal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cengal or dil.ie/8609
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ceangal

n o (Lat. cingulum). m., IGT Decl. § 17 .

(a) bond, tie, binding, fetter, fastening , etc.: c.¤ gl. junctura, Ir. Gl. 149 . gl. compilacio, 911 . nosbeir i n-oen-cheṅgul lé iat co hUltu, LL 2549 . ar n-ergi do A. . . . asa ch.¤ , TTebe 2570 . imrulae Críst fessin asin chengul foríata immbái la hIudaide `captivity', Ériu ii 200.9 . na cnaip, ┐ c.¤ , Cog. 194.12 . itir a chneas ┐ a cheangal catha, MR 286.11 . crios ┐ ceangal, TSh. 10403 `girdle', Gloss. i cenglaib a cuirp in the ligatures of his body, CCath. 3984 . an tan . . . druidius re ceangal na leisi the joint of the hip(?), 23 K 44, 77.11 . da ccenglaibh = compages (of boats), BNnÉ 52 § 44 . noum testamentum, go cc.¤, airgid bound in silver, Mart. Don. xl 20 . idh lúptha um c.¤ céchta, IGT Decl. ex. 959 . c.¤ na [m]búidel the band of the flasks, Fier. 48 .

Med. constipation : inti ara mbí cengul ann tobuir clister dó, Rosa Angl. 34.19 . ró ch.¤ costiveness, O'Gr. Cat. 198.z . Of blood : o mnai ga roibhi tochd fola mista re .x. misaibh ar linadh an cuirp go huilide mailli re ceangal na fola, Irish Texts v 16.22 .

Of the last verse or `envoi' of a poem: ceangal, Aithd. D. 98.27 . Keat. Poems p. 22 . O'Rah. 10.68 .

Fig. bond, lien, contract etc.: cen c.¤ flatha uirre (ráith) `the chief having no lien upon him', Laws v 499.26 Comm. ar ní dligh righ Teamrach agra na ceangul forru, BB 249b18 ( Cóir Anm. 144 ). an diabhal lé ndérna ceangal a n-aimsir an pheacuidh, Mac Aingil 356 . c.¤ nā cunnradh, RSClára 66a . ceangal doéilighthi ┐ deismeireachd iomdha . . . orra sin a secure grasp (of metrical rules), IGT Introd. § 2 . eachd, ceangal, aonta, Eg. Gl. 259 .

(b) As vn. act of binding, tying, fixing, contracting : merdrech . . . .i. mer ┐ drech iarna c.¤ joined together (in a compound), Corm. 29.8 . co ruc S. lais L. iar n-a cheṅgul in fetters, LL 21191 ( Dinds. 155 ). a chosa ┐ a lámha do ch.¤ don chroich le tairngeadhaibh, Parrth. Anma 1440 . cloch ar na c.¤ , IGT Decl. ex. 268 (cf. cloch chengail below). ag ceangal cairdis is ṡídh, Content. xiii 30 . a sidh do cengul re Gyi, ZCP vi 77.24 . robhadar ag ceangal na cómhronna an aidhche sin confirming the division, ML 68.3 . ro mothaig co mor Gaill oca c.¤ dochum becnerta restricting his power, Ann. Conn. 1310.7 . Without obj. gen. (or leg. i c.¤ ?): tusa a Dhé ag ceangal don chroich `hanging on the cross', PBocht 24.19 . druim na baise / do bhí ag ceangal do chlár bhrioc, Dán Dé iii 20 . o nach a[g] ceangal do M[hoir] a-ta since (the name S.) is not closely connected (grammatically etc.) with M., Bard. Synt. Tr. 95.37 . Cf. gai . . . hi cengul dá chréit cróncharpait, LU 10228 . i c.¤ ua na taisib tied around. Fen. 110.6 .

Attrib. g s.: nach béidh fear 'gā mhnaoi cheangail / . . . gan búai[dh]readh his wedded wife, Celtica iv 109 § 10 . Luimnech na cloch cengail of the riveted stones, Caithr. CC 10 (5.15) . ? pípaí, fidli, fir cengail `gleemen', Metr. Dinds. iii 20.257 (cf. Manners and Customs i dxl and Gloss.). giobuil cheangail swaddling clothes, Luke ii 7 . ? tighe ceanguil na gcompán, Ir. Review 1913, 594 § 8 .

cinadus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cinadus or dil.ie/9108

 

n o, m. (cin) liability, guilt : agra borblachais in cinedais `a vexatious suit to prove liability' (Plummer MS notes), O'D. 642 (H.3.17, 477). dearbhfoirgeall cinadhuis do dhénumh fuirri(dh), 385 (H.3.17, 292). cach dicenn cínadais ┐ breithemnais, Laws iv 50.19 Comm. ? altram for ch.¤ natbé drochmenma iaram, Corm. 15 (s.v. díburdud).

cláen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cláen or dil.ie/9306
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: Cuilín

adj o, ā

I

(a) uneven, crooked, sloping; aslant, bending, stooped; curving, curved : dosroraind . . . cona deilg. Sīa īarom rosīacht a dealg ūaithe sair a bēlaib oldās dar a hais sīar. Is aire is clōen ind less, Corm. Y 502 . clóen ind ráth dind leith adiu, RC xiii 462 § 65 . in chuirn chláoin curved(?), IGT Decl. ex. 356 . a bheith claon nochar chás duid `its laying low troubled thee not' (of a severed head), PBocht 14.35 . ? Fig. mo chiall ata claon, Atlantis iv 180.31 .

(b) Freq. of hair waving (?) flowing (?): folt claon, DDána 96.33 . ciabh dhaghcruinn n-a cuaichleirg claoin, Magauran 1001 . is camarsach claon . . . / a carn-ḟolt, Keat. Poems 65 .

(c) Of eyes, squinting: Finan Cam . . . .i. cloen a rosc, Fél. 112.23 , Gorm. Apr. 7n. dā mac imleasan . . . ┐ sīat clǣna, TBC-I¹ 2612 . gura bhris in suil claein, MR 36.13 .

As epithet: a trian ro charsat Conall Cloen batis cloín cot acallaim, LL 13522 (Thurn., ZCP viii 72 ff. q.v., would translate hump-backed ). Conghal Caoch, no Claon, AFM an. 624 . co tard beach . . . a neim for mo leth-rosc-sa, gura claen mo ṡuil. Congal C. mo ainm ar sin, MR 34.12 . an Giolla claon Ua Ciardha, tigherna Coirpri, AFM ii 1092.11 .

(d) In moral sense, iniquitous, perverse, unjust, biassed: cil .i. claon no cutruma, O'Dav. 467 (? leg. écutrumma). nate ni clóin gl. (numquid iniquitas apud Deum?) Absit, Wb. 4c17 . in miscuis clóin, Ml. 46d10 . inna mbritheman cloin, 103b17 (brithem, MS.). adbar inna combartae cloine, 71c6 . is gó flatha do-ber sína saíba for tūatha clóena. ZCP xi 82 § 25 . scítha láma indrosc (sic leg.?) cloína unjust demands(?), LU 10884 (TE rhet.). ingena cloína Cain, LL 17437 . nírbat santa[ch] immun mbith / nō for ind nim (leg. indiub) chlóen, ACL iii 312 § 6 (indium, in nem, v.ll.). gan beith fa chomadaib claena `unjust conditions', MR 120.26 . freasdal a gcor gclaon `crooked wiles', Aithd. D. 52.3 . ainic nach claon do chathaoir `lest your poet's chair be partial', Content. v 186 .

(e) c.¤ fri (chum, do) prone to, inclined to: atá ar gcolann claon ré déanamh an uilc = prona est ad malum, TSh. 2916 . an drong beirthear faoi stiúradh na plainéide so bíd . . . geala, claon chum beith fionnchrothacha, Corp. Astron. 70.8 . biaidh an bhliadhain sin claon chum síothchána, 3 . na peacaidhe is mó d'a bhfuilmíd claon, nó tugtha, Donlevy 270.24 . atá sí laig-bhrígheach ┐ claon chum uilc, 210.26 .

(f) In metrics, uneven; without accordance, imperfect : is airi didiu asberar clōinrē, fobīth is clōen ma doberthar um nī, ūair it troma a trī oldati a dóu, ar it chōic dīalta fuilet a clōinré, amail rongab fīanamailechar, Corm. Y 447 (p. 37.21) . dunadh c.¤, amail ata . . . ar Muiri ┐ ar Martain (final line of a poem which began with `tangadar'. -tain does not adequately echo tan- therefore the conclusion is c.¤ or lochtach), IGT Met. Faults § 145 . áenghuthaighe is í fa dhó ... bidh cláen 'the same vowel occurring twice ... it will be incorrect', Celtica xxvii 58 § 3 . See also cláenaid and comardad (c).

Adv. in fer fodrácaib co claen the man who has left it crooked, uneven (of a house), LU 8391 ( FB 26 ) (opp. to co diriuch). is amlaidh ata Stodiaca gu claen ┐ an speir lan mor go direach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 126.13 . an tṡlat iarainn ṡaighes go claon `which goeth ouerthwart', RSClára 125a .

II As subst. o, m.

(a) stoop, slope, slant, inclination : sleagh do chur 'na chroidhe, / claon do bheith 'na bhrághaid (of Our Lord), Ir. Syll. Poetry 36 § 17 . do filleadh call tar a chláon, IGT Decl. ex. 910 . is binne donál na bhfaol / ná gach claon chuireas tú id ghuth (to a snoring bed-fellow) every twist(?), Measgra D. 5.24 . for c.¤ slanting, inclined : is for clóen in pars ochtarach for laim clii `the upper part is inclined on the left hand', Thes. ii 254.19 (Stowe M.).

(b) iniquity, obliquity, deception, injustice; perversion, error : inda leu som nis roissed imned na erchrae dogrés a soinmigi a cloinaib `though they are wicked', Ml. 39c34 (cf. Pedersen, ZCP ii 379 ). ara tintarrad ō chlóen / tūatha Hérenn do bethu `from iniquity', Thes. ii 314.1 ( Hy. ii 18 ). tír . . . / inná ráiter gó ná cloen, LU 3742 ( SCC 34 ). etarscara fri cach claen `severance from every obliquity', Laws v 118.7 . dia scarad fri clóen fri col, Metr. Dinds. ii 14.72 . ar cech óen ro chí / a chlóen for bith ché `his wrongdoing', Murphy Lyrics 27.6 = a chin, ACL iii 232 § 6 . bī-siu do rēir Chrīst cen claon, 313 § 9 . dia mbat rī bit rīghcerdach / ní oirdni nach claen, 314 § 30 . bothan derrit diamarda / do dilgud gach claoin, Ériu i 138.3 . ní bhí claon na cheirt-bhreathaibh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxi 9 . gan claon n-agra tar eolus `without partiality of argument in violation of fact', Content. viii 7 .

(c) Very common in names of metrical faults in the sense of any departure from the correct form: na lochta is coitc[h]eand teagaid in gach aisdi don dan .i. c.¤ comhardudh ┐ c.¤ uaitne ┐ ataid na claenreanda romhaind . . . ┐ c.¤ airmh[e] ┐ c.¤ airde ┐ c.¤ comhaimsearda ┐ c.¤ crichadh loc[h]tach ┐ dunadh loc[h]tach, IGT Met. Faults § 1 . trefhocul gan chlaen dona trí claenaib .i. c.¤ creiti .i. . . . c.¤ cuibdiusa . . . c.¤ ceille, O'Curry 1031 ( H 3.18, 433 ). Cf. cobfighe celli .i. co rob inunn ciall día nasneis o thosach co diaid in raind .i. na raib claen and, IT iii 30.7 . c.¤ áirme an irregularity in enumerating : c.¤ airmhi, amail ata . . . a tri no cuig no ceathair (because of the perversion of the natural order), IGT Met. Faults § 31 . c.¤ comardud a faulty internal rhyme: c.¤ comhardudh (leg. -daidh? Or claenchomhardadh? ed.), ann seo: Nocho n-oil agh ara orcur / re grain act ge cromthar ceann (i.e. the rhyme between agh and grain is faulty and it is the presence of the `i' in grain that makes it so), § 2 . c.¤ creitte error in the framework of the stanza: c.¤ creite i ndian oireng, amail ata: flaithe niamdha / daine sgiamda cland Conchobair. Lochtach sin, uair ní dleseadh focul beith edir sgiamdha ┐ Conc[h]obhor, § 39 . (On cláen creitte see Stud. Celt. ii 178 .) c.¤ cuibdiusa faulty end-rhyme: [trefhocul] can cloen cuibdiusa. Gabiam la seise soirche / Seotu sochraide soirthe / Ria ndul issin fargge / Gleam ar lessu re n-aidche. .i. soirthe ┐ aidche exemplum, Auraic. 5086 . c.¤ senchais error in historical fact: c.¤ seanc[h]ais, amail ata o Cuind no o Colla no o rRoigh no o Nell no o Duach do dhenaibh do righ d'fearaibh Muman ach duine beas gael riu. O Mogha no o hEmir no o Cais no o Bloid no o Tail do denaibh do dhuine do Leith Cuind acht do dhuine bheas gael riu, IGT Met. Faults § 98 . nir chan gó na c.¤ senchais (sic leg.) riam, MacCarthy 408.8 . c.¤ úaitne error in consonance: c.¤ uaitne, amail ata Bean do gebhadh ara gradh / geal a lamh leabhar a lem. C.¤ uaitne sin ┐ idir lam [leg. gradh] ┐ lem ata, ┐ edhudh claenas re n-ailm, ┐ i lem ata, IGT Met. Faults § 3 .

(d) With other qualifying genitives: airbert cin [cil-]ceill .i. do denum / cen claon ceille, O'Dav. 49 . tuccus cath, gēr c[h]lāon cēille / do fhlaith Temhra a departure from good sense, Ériu ix 178 § 11 . ar fochal-cae, ar claen conair, Laws v 470.27 Comm. saor dhiongbhas claon na córa perversion of justice, DDána 48.28 . gan chláon n-irsi `pervert not my faith', Ériu ix 6.67 . níor áirmheas le claon sligheadh `in perverse method', Content. vi 140 .

(e) Of people, iniquitous, unjust person : oc ingrimmim inna cloen `the persecution of the wicked', Thes. ii 247.14 (Camb.). fri bás inna clóen `of the wicked', 320.1 (Hy. ii 59 ). ni aurfóemha dana na cloen `the gifts of the unjust', O'Dav. 1610 . a claín trúaig . . . ro scáig do gal, LU 8569 ( FB 43 ).

Compds. With nouns. i gcéibh na gclaonalt `curling hair', Aithd. D. 11.6 . bellum for Cloenath, AU an. 704 (see Ériu xiii 176 ). croidhe gan claon-bheart, ZCP v 208.117 (Midn. Court). Attrib. g s. gan cionnta claon-bhirt, 209.180 . in tan no beiredh claonbreith unjust judgement, Laws i 24.13 Comm. (opp. to breth ḟīr). imon cclaoinbhreith rucc Diarmait ar Colom Cille im liubar Findén, AFM i 192.z . breitheamh breabóideach . . . rug claoinbhreath, TSh. 6788 . ¤-chaingen: claenferta í ngaeldais aíndre / claenferta na claencaingne, BB 351b32 . ¤-chéimm: can ethar nā chlōenchēmim / cingid tar cech ler `without . . . a false step', Ériu iii 14 § 5 ('na chlóenchéimmim `in their perverse path', Murphy Lyrics 17.5 ). linfaid cloencheo cairechda / cech rind reil co rian ruided, SR 8095 . le claoinchealgaibh an aidhbhirseōra, Beatha S. F. 1962 . earrla na gclaoinchleacht waving tresses, Magauran 965 . ni ellastar cloenchleir, LU 1002 (ACC) (.i. . . . na cliara ni-dligtecha, `for indligthecha', edd.). ¤-choma unjust stipulation : cisdi coimeta celg . . . ┐ claenchomhad, MR 260.2 . Eoganachta . . . Áni Loch Léin Casel Cloendabair, LL 16124 . ¤-derc (2 derc): an uair éagfair-se . . . / claonfaidh do chlaon-dearc, Keat. Poems 342 . i comarddus na Cloenfertai tuascertchi, LL 3876 . ataat na dí Chloenḟerta fri Ráith Granni aniar, 3877 . ro marbtha uili i Cloenglais, 28840 . Cuilen na cláenglaise, RC xviii 303.8 (Tig.). claonglonna in gille `wicked deeds', Metr. Dinds. iii 58.65 . Cloenloch. Unde nominatur. Cloen mac Iṅgair, LL 22459 . Cath Claenlocha, RC xvii 136.5 (Tig.). a chionnta ┐ a chláonmhianna, Párl. na mB. 3210 . ¤ míl hare (?) : tosessa lais clóenmíla Cernai, LU 6748 (BDD). geis dō clōenmīla Moighe Sainb do tophand 'it was taboo for him to hunt the hares (?) of Mag Sainb', BDC 106.30 . claennadmanna tolla, O'Curry 1069 ( H 3.18, 441 ). ōn chlaenrāith co Cenannas, Fing. R. 732 (? leg. Chlaen-). dul . . . do Cathair na claenratha bodes, Acall. 6387 . 1 -ré (see 1 ré) wicked life : ciambad lonnbrass digal Dé / fornn ba comadas friar cloenré, SR 3618 . (Cf. Lochlann ii 51 .) 2 -ré (see 3, 4, 5 ré) word or verse of five syllables (so called because it cannot be divided into two equal parts): it chōic dīalta fuilet a clōinré, amail rongab fīanamailechar, Corm. Y 447 (p. 37.x) . claenre . . . is a dho ar indara leith ┐ a tri forin leth n-aili, Auraic. 1422 . clóenré dā inso sis: A rí oirdnide / uasail atamhra / bet suairc do comairli / cuairt cen balamna, IT iii 21 § 63 . See Lochlann ii 51 - 2 . ¤-recht (see 1 recht): concertfa c. for iathu Banba, SG 254.29 (rhet.). ¤-rind (see 1 rind) incorrect end-rhyme : c. i ndebide sgailti, amail ata Mor in sgel Don[n]- do dhul / i nErinn is a nAlbain / bedid mna Gaidheal c[h]adh is Gall / ga c[h]aineadh arna comraind. Ataid da c. ann sin .i. c. isin leathrand tosaich . . . edir dul ┐ Albain ata ┐ c. i[n] deridh edir Gall ┐ comraind ata . . ., IGT Met. Faults § 85 . c. i [n]debhi[dhe] imrind, amail ata . . . righ (g s.): Cuirín, fín (a s.): Cuilín, § 86 . rand idir c. ┐ drochgaidhilg Ata triar conchar ag Cund / Niall is Donnc[h]adh is Domnall (i.e. Cund: Domnall is a faulty rhyme but Domnull would be ungrammatical), § 140 . ataid na claenreanda romhaind, § 1 . ¤-ró (see 1 ró): noem in chotaig ni cloenró it was not an excess due to partiality(?), LL 25382 . claon-rosc, Keat. Poems 319 . ¤ṡirite: cidh don cláenṡíridi ṡiabardha mo ṡárugadh do dhenamh, TBC-LL¹ p. 251 n.3 . Cormac a clōen-Temraich sloping Tara, ZCP viii 264 § 22 . ó phór chaithreach claoinTé, DDána 121.32 . ¤tinn d s.?: tug a cainnt dá chlaointinn ghéir `let loose the bitter tongue of his iniquity', Ó Bruad. iii 212.18 . ¤úall (1 úall): cēim cen chlóenúaill ō Dīabul `without wicked pride', Ériu ii 64 § 7 .

With adjj. th'fholt cas claonbhuidhe, DDána 114.25 . Conall Cloentruag t'ainm festa `the wicked wretch', ZCP i 104.18 .

With adjj. derived from nouns. dfheólaibh . . . ccethnatmolt . . . cclaonadharcach, Hugh Roe² 284.15 . Conall Claenbhraigdech Cernach, Cóir Anm. 251 . egoir Calcuis corpthi claenbhreathaigh unjust in judgment, Stair Erc. 2041 . a Shabhdain colaigh, claenbreathaigh, ZCP vi 59.19 . daoine . . . malluighthe claoincheárrdach `having an evil way of life' (Gloss), Párl. na mB. 1835 . Creon claencholach perverse sinful C., TTebe 4655 . cosin cathraig claincolaig, 251 . ¤dairech of bending oak-trees: san adhbha chlaondairigh ós Bóinn bhraoinealaigh, DDána 109.18 . ó Éirne . . . challghloin chlaondoirigh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 74 § 9 . ar a ccorpuibh corpthe cláonmhíanacha having evil desires, Párl. na mB. 2579 . ar Īsa in ḟuilt c[h]laenrāthaigh, ZCP viii 563 §27 . ó chéimniughadh chealgach chlaonrúnach of evil intent, TSh. 8301 .

With verbs. do-s-claencoraigenn icin aclaid `who makes a false representation at the suit', Laws v 462.13 Comm. claonmharbhfaidh mé m'ainmhianta `I shall mortify', Donlevy 190.16 .

With vnn. claonchorrughadh beag suarach don aithrighe, Trompa na bhF. 2433 . ¤díbirciud: drochcostud . . . do chloīndībircthib la drochdaīni, Sc.M² § 17.4 . iomshlán na míorbhuilleadha . . . do chlao[i]ndhéanamh to counterfeit, Trompa na bhF. 2630 . go ndéin an tsúil amharc aindlightheach, ┐ an chluas claoin-éisteacht biassed hearing, TSh. 3039 . gach cosg ┐ claon-mharbhadh na colna `mortification', Donlevy 126.14 .

coinsians, coinsias

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coinsians, coinsias or dil.ie/10371
Last Revised: 2019

 

m m. (ME (< OF) conscience Celtica xiii 110 ) conscience : do-dhēnadh ar gcoinsians féin ar n-agra , Carswell² 44.1494 . inar gcoinsiansuibh, Carswell² 27.869 . do thiucfadh lot a ccoinsians de sin, RSClára 98b . do sgrúdadh coinsiansa, RSClára 82a . ag forchoimhéad choinsiais a ccloinne, Desid. 3457 . ó ch.¤ conscientiously , 3927 . ag sgrūdadh a choinsēis, Rial. S.F. 459 . doruis do chonsiasa, Mac Aingil 470 . ag tabhairt cead r[e]atha dá gcoinnsias, Trompa na bhF. 3348 .

comardugad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comardugad or dil.ie/10751

 

u, m. vn. of comardaigid.

(a) act of levelling, making even : da chomhardúcchadh thuas ┐ teach dímhor do denamh ann (of a mountain), TFrag. 14.9 .

(b) In Laws Comm. adjustment of a claim, balancing of claims, compensation (cf. comardad): cidhbe fogail etgidh tresa n-ernaighther na cinta, o bias c.¤ folad and, is a n-agra for cirt `Ausgleichung', Cóic Con. 53 § 111 . c.¤ itir in leth dlegair de ┐ in coibche ┐ in eneclainn dligis `a balance is struck', Laws iii 294.6 Comm. tre fuiririud comardaithi cned (of the compensations for wounds), 406.24 Comm. comardugadh ro bui sund itir in sarughudh ┐ in mnaí do marbhadh, i 68. 27 Comm. is ann atá in comárdughadh co frithaighidh in inbaid do rine in cét fer foghail ┐ ní targaidh dlighedh ┐ do rignedh foghail ris ind ┐ a sláinti don fir deidinach co trian, O'D. 1402 (E. 3.5, 31a). is ann atá in comardughadh cen frithaighidh in inbhaidh do rine fogail in cét fer ┐ targaid dlighedh ┐ nir gab uad acht fogail do dénam ris dar a cenn, O'D. 1402 (E. 3.5, 31a). comardughudh itir in mbiathadh ┐ in mancuine . . . ┐ cibe dib acá tá in imarcraidh icadh re ceile, O'D. 2250 ( Rawl. B 506, 18d ). tri cumula décc ar ḟichit sin ro acrutur in lucht a fus, ┐ secht cumula fichut no acrutur in lucht a tuaith, ┐ do righnedh comardughadh eturra, 30 ( H 3.17, 28 ). Note also: cúitiomh ná comaoine (cómhárdughadh v.l.) do thabhairt do Dhia compensation, Párl. na mB. 4 .

(c) Metr. act of making correspond, correspondence : iar comhardugud n-airchetail ata `according to poetic correspondence', Auraic. 1015 (cf. iar comardadh n-airchetail, 1009 ). metuir .i. comardugh[ud] in dana, O'Dav. 1219 . in fid conicc c.¤ fuit ┐ gair indib, Auraic. 1353 .

críchnaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. críchnaigid or dil.ie/12920

 

Forms: críchnaid, críchnugad, críchnaigthe

v (crích). Also críchnaid. fulfils, completes, ends : leis crichnaidter inganta an talman so are achieved, Grail 33 . cor' crichnaig a betha, RC xvii 418.7 (Tig.). gach fiabrus critech (crichnaiter, v.l.) tri faethugadh i.e. ends, RC xlix 28 § 6 . iomdha cóir nach críochnaighthior is not fulfilled, Aithd. D. 71.4 . cerd . . . do críchnóbadh í (i.e. casket), BCC 148.29 . críochnuigheadh sibh an siol-soin `bring . . . to perfection', Timth. 1918, 13 § 32 . do crīochnadh miana F. were acceded to, Beatha S. F. 2770 . Intrans. níor chríochnuigh agra an ubhoill `was not settled', Dán Dé xv 16 .

With comairle decides : as í comhairle do crichnaiged acu, ríghḟéinnidhecht . . . do tabairt d'Find, Acall. 1757 . Note also: do críchnaiged in comairle sin put into action, 182 . Without comairle: ro crīchnaigsit Finn . . . do marbad `they determined', Fianaig. 70.18 . an aimsir i ccríochnóchaidís . . . créd budh indéunta decide , RSClára 69a . críochnuighthear ┐ dearbhthar gurab a fhad . . . is proved, Corp. Astron. 24.19 .

Vn. críchnugad. Part. críchnaigthe. See críchaid.

cron

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cron or dil.ie/13107

 

Forms: -cruin, cronu, cernu

n o, m. (n p. -cruin, Laws ii 354.6 Comm. a p. cronu, BDD² 1041 = cernu, LU 7424 ).

(a) crime, blame, fault : c.¤ .i. cronughadh, O'Cl. ni roleic omun in righ dhoibh c.¤ fair `prevented them reproaching him', Marco P. 17 . ni c.¤ la neach . . . da bhfaie a ben la fer n-aile, 106 . In phr. cen ch.¤ : tri Fothaid Elgga cen ch.¤ (: Garbchon), Corp. Gen. 264.5 . flaith Ch. . . . cen gait, cen ch.¤, cen galar, Airne F. 339 . gen gait, gen c.¤ neich, 368 . fēga lat cen ch.¤ (: col) `honestly', KMMisc. 268 § 40 . lucht loṅg mac nElloith cen ch.¤ , LL 366 . mo chnama gan ch.¤ `stainless', AU i 318.10 = crón, AFM i 434.6 .

(b) (hardly difft. wd.) property, possession; claim : ar ṡeisiodh seghad a sain-ch.¤ saoirdhilsi, Ériu xiii 32.4 . ro det a c.¤ iarsin do mend `he granted his possession . . . to Menn (?)', O'Dav. 1362 . c.¤ .i. sealbugud . . . sainc.¤ .i. selbugud neich coitcinn, 339 . ni fuataghar acht . . . co ruice lias bes nesam do fri c.¤ ┐ coimge, O'D. 649 ( H 3.17, 483 ). cen chaṅgin cruin, LL 17232 . crón .i. a chur a c.¤ no sainigenn i n-urlaim coitcind, O'D. 1631 (H 5.15, 16b). saine c.¤ sain seirce `peculiar possession of peculiar affection', Laws iii 50.27 .i. sainiugad cruid, 52.3 Comm. cetharda re mu téit in aidbriud .i. remud ┐ lamugad, c.¤ ┐ breth, O'D. 1630 (H 5.15, 16b). óenach . . . / . . . cen ch.¤, cen aidbriud, cen dáil `challenge of property', Metr. Dinds. iv 150.59 . c.¤ .i. coitchenn sainchron .i. nemhchoitchenn, O'Curry 1463 ( H 3.18, 650b ). Cf. cen sainc[h]ron, cen indíri, ACL iii 320 § 89 . c.¤ cuilid c.¤ adhuail (adbail, v.l.), Anecd. ii 59.4 . sé scribaill for nech do gní gú-agra nó gúc.¤ `fraudulent claim', O'Gr. Cat. 99.23 ( O'Curry 2103 ). ? tall 'na glé-medóin hi crunn (: sund) `in the midst of her portion', Metr. Dinds. iv 176.22 `for cron possession (?)', Gloss. ? C. . . . do dergiu co c.¤ ┐ co leir i.e. entirely, completely (?), AU i 440.w .

3 dál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 dál or dil.ie/14346
Last Revised: 2013

 

n The forms below belong properly to 2 dál Ériu xxxi 146 . dáil .i. moille no cáirde; gan dáil immediately P. O'C. Wb. 13 b 13 : is gnáth inso dond óis glicc dolléicet forru in dáil ┐ fobenat iarum inna deud ...co mbi remib rethith iarum; 'they let the crowd catch up on them,' LOIG 266 . don cách is dail treisi (= anad treisi, 1. 3 ), Laws i 156. 4 . doberar dál treisi do, O'D. Supplem. atlathar dal, Laws ii 130. 19 . cach dail (n sg.) téchta, ib. 130. 20 . forlaim ndála, 130. 21 . baes inna mbretheman nád inmedatar a ndalai dligidh, 130. 17 . cid arnach for daluib dligid ata cetharslicht indiu, 130. 15 . ná bí ic hildálaib, SR 1698 . ellamh .i. a láim ┐ ní for dáil, Corm. Tr. 67 . cath can chardi dó can dáil, RC ii 90. 26 . nír bo chuman lass dal a daltai inna díaid, LU 60 b 23 . dobérthar dal di, IT i 145. 12 . óndiu cotí domnach ní ba dál bha sía, TBC-LL¹ 3103 . bid dál ḟota hí ní ba dál dar aiss, LL 307 a 10 . mairg dorat in dáil dorat, 307 b 19 . dobérad bó dó acht coro-leigad dail impi. Adbert in taitheach noleicfeadh dail, Anecd. i 46. 2 . tugthar dál go maidin don chime seo, Craos-d. 37. 4 f.b. Followed by cen: dál commatain cen crochad don tróg út, LB 214 b 64 . dál damsa cen mastúd, Bor. 49 . tabair dáil dam fadechtsa cen maimsiugud, PH 4886 . tabair dáil don eclais cena hingréim, ib. 4887 . (For na dála dédencha, ib. 6602 , see 2 dál IV.) issé ná tabrad dáil do neoch...gin agra fóchétóir, Cóir Anm. 88 . —COMPD. attáil, LL 147 a 53 . faddáil, TSh. 5405 . —Probably identical with 2 dál.

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