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ad-gnin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-gnin or dil.ie/463
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: -athgniniu, adgniatt, -aithgnintar, -aithnentar, atgnied, -aithgnead, conatcomgeontais, -athgneorsae, -aithgné, -aithgnet, atgnead, adgneth, asaithgned, atagensa, -aithgéna, atatgentar-su, -athgnitae, adgén-sa, -athgén, -aithchéin, -aithgein, ad-geúin, ad-id-geúin, -aithgeuin, -aithgiuin, atgeóin, aithgeóin, adgenammar, adrogenmair, -orgenamar, -aithgenamar, -athgénmár, atgenatar, -athgéntar, atgensat, aichensat, aithgensat, aithgeonadh, aithne, ætgnithi

v (* ath-gni-n-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 546 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. -athgniniu, Liad. and Cuir. 16.4 . 3 pl. adgniatt, O'Dav. 156 . Pass. sg. -aithgnintar, Sg. 29b10 . -aithnentar, Triads 188 v.l. . Indic. impf. 3 s. atgnied, ZCP vii 300.11 . -aithgnead, LU 5921 (TBC). Cf. 3 pl. conatcomgeontais `so that they knew not', CCath. 4777 , cf. 4800 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. -athgneorsae, BDC 126.354 . 3 s. -aithgné , LU 5870 (TBC). 3 pl. -aithgnet, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . Subj. impf. 3 s. atgnead, LU 10323 . adgneth, O'Curry 2165 ( Eg. 88, fo. 4(5)d) . With inf. pron. in rel. clause asaithgned, LU 8384 ( FB § 25 ).

Fut. 1 s. atagensa, Ériu xii 186 § 18 (TE2). 3 s. -aithgéna Liad. and Cuir. 22.4 . Pass. sg. atatgentar-su, Ml. 121d22 . Condit. 2 s. -athgnitae, IT i 144.21 .

Pret. and perf. (in early lang. frequ. with meaning of present) 1 s. adgén-sa, Wb. 12c13 . -athgén, LL 274b32 . 2 s. -aithchéin, TBFr. 206 . -aithgein, RC iii 345.25 . 3 s. ad-geúin: ad-id-geúin, Wb. 12c13 . -aithgeuin, Ml. 52 . -aithgiuin, Ériu ix 48 § 26 . atgeóin, Metr. Dinds. iii 224.11 . ro aithgeóin , Ériu iv 94 § 11 . 1 pl. adgenammar, Wb. 14d28 . adrogenmair, O'Curry 1887 (23 P 3, fo. 22a). Cf. also -orgenamar, CRR 17 , 33 ? -aithgenamar, RC xiii 222.33 . -athgénmár, LU 10800 . 3 pl. atgenatar, Ériu ii 102 § 10 . LU 8384 ( FB § 25 ). -athgéntar, RC xxv 348 § 3 . With s-pret.: atgensat, AFM vi 2214.11 . ro aichensat , CCath. 5558 . ro aithgensat , 5560 . ? Pass. sg. aithgeonadh, SG 121.33 .

Later as simple vb., see 2 aithnid.

Vn. aithne. Part. (pl.) ætgnithi (corrected from angnithi), Wb. 1b14 . See also as-gnin.

See con-gnin.

(a) knows, recognises: air nicon bia-som manibé aní hua n-aithgnintar ┐ hua n-ainmnigther, Sg. 29b10 . atatgentarsu gl. cognosceris, Ml. 121d22 . ni naithgeuin ┐ leicsi huad `he did not recognise him', 52 . ni rabi la Ultu fer asaithgned amal ro salchad, conid i n-a labrad atgenatar there was not . . . anyone who recognised him . . . so that it was by his speech that they recognised him, LU 8384 ( FB § 25 ). ecmaic atgeoin-sium for erlabrai ind fir co mbo druth he knew by the man's speech, LU 5874 (TBC). atgéoin ba doib forruised in praind, 1715 . aithgin a athair and ornasc imma meor, his father recognised . . . the gold ring, RC xii 72 § 44 . Pret. frequ. used with pres. meaning: adgenammar a séis `we know his meaning', Wb. 14d28 . a mbelra-sa no labraimsi . . . atgenatarside they know it, Ériu ii 102 § 10 . ? nis fuighli nad ergeouin, Laws i 296.20 . atatgen, is tú rommalt I know thee, it is thou who fostered me, SR 2887 . atgénammár asa samail in fer sin we recognise, LU 8605 ( FB 46 ). aithgén ar a mbernaib beit mairt ili, LU 6623 (TBC rhet.). atgeon-sa isat filid, MR 68.3 .

(b) perceives, is aware of: ataat tri laa . . . o atam-ni ic imbirt na fidchille acht nat aic[h]enmar lasin mbansoillsi, TBFr. p. 18.10 . atgniat na Gaill gur bhó celg rohinnledh, Hugh Roe 84.17 (fo. 22b) . atngneadh i n-aghad hin duine in galur no-m-bid fair atgnied . . . al-lín no-mbid conn galur ann (of a physician), RC iii 344.11 . roaithgeóin (conaithgéoin, v.l.) smacht féig fíadnach he experienced keen well-known discipline(?), Ériu iv 94 § 11 . Of knowing sexually: nír forfáemusa mnaí atgnead fer, LU 10323 .

ad-guid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-guid or dil.ie/467
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: aicde, adguidhi, -aic[d]im, -aicde, ad-guid, ad-guidet, ad-guidter, -aic[d]ither, ad-guiter, -aicditer, aicc, ciatgeis, adrogestar, -argesatar, -aiciste, adrogesta, atgaith, adrogatsa, adrogaid, adroegaid, adraeghaid, -urguid, -árgaid, atraegatar, atrogessa, aicde

v (* ad-(ath-?)-guid, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 551 ). Palatal quality in pres. forms prob. due to the influence of the vn. aicde, see GOI p. 355 . Indic. pres. 1 s. adguidhi, RC xvii 230.15 (Tig.). aicdiu (prot. for deut.), Bürgschaft 15 § 51 . -aic[d]im, O'D. 2330 (Rawl. B 506, 35c). 2 s. -aicde, Bürgschaft 28 § 75 . 3 s. ad-guid, Laws v 272.8 . 3 pl. ad-guidet, Laws iv 346.17 Comm. Pass. sg. ad-guidter, O'Curry 853 (H 3.18, 386b). -aic[d]ither, ZCP xiii 22.8 . Pl. ad-guiter, -aicditer, ZCP xiii 22.16, 17 . Ipv. 2 s. aicc (see GOI § 588 ), Laws ii 130.9 . Subj. pres. 2 s. ? ciatgeis, ZCP iii 37.33 . Pass. pl. (with ro) adrogestar, O'Curry 2396 (Eg. 88, 31a). -argesatar, Laws v 366.1 . Subj. impf. pass. sg. -aiciste, Ériu ii 106 § 16 . With ro: adrogesta, Laws iv 210.8 . Pret. 3 s. atgaith, Ériu ii 4.6 ? Perf. 1 s. adrogatsa, O'Curry 876 (H 3.18, 393a). 3 s. adrogaid, AU i 368.18 . adroegaid (cf. ad-goa), LU 9810 . adraeghaid, Anecd. i 42.15 . -urguid (leg. -árgaid), Laws v 476.24 . 3 pl. atraegatar, Anecd. i 42.16 . Pass. pl. atrogessa, Anecd. i 42.18 .

Vn. aicde.

Used with 2 macc, naidm(m), 1 ráth as obj. in sense of invoking sureties or guarantees for the fulfilment of legal obligations: dlega[i]r do cach déorad dé saigid a nadma[e] amal ad-rogesta[e] ind `for every exile of God is obliged to invoke their suretyship as though he himself had been invoked for it', Ériu xvii 66 § 7 ( Laws iv 210.8) . ní i n-aiccditer fir nime ┐ soscéla[e] Crist, ib. adrogatsa macu id gialli, O'Curry 876 (H 3.18, p. 393a) `i.e. I bound pledges [binding myself] to thy service', Plummer MS. notes. fiach dleghar dim . . . ad-guidiu macu inna híc, Bürgschaft 17 § 53 . `aicdiu' ol in feichem dia ndligther I give a guarantee, 15 § 51 . cadet tri gnima nadma? . . . imc[h]oimet neic[h] a n-aicdither, 13 § 43 . at-guidh in feichem ara-téit nadmen hi slan i.e. the debtor (on whose behalf the surety acts) invokes suretyship as a guarantee of compensation, 26 § 74 . aicc macu i n-ogslan co n-oghicc in[n]a raithe so furnish guarantees for complete compensation . . . of this surety, ib. atait tri nadmanda la feine nad roithead ní a n-aicaidter, Laws iv 56.26 . nit nadmanna na ratha adguidter ina dilsi, O'Curry 1767 (RIA 23 Q 6, p. 36b). atait secht nadmand segta ce ni argesatar . . ., Laws v 366.1 . lethnadmann . . . nadmann són ad-guiter dond ala leth ┐ ni aicditer dind leith eli i.e. suretyships which are invoked by one side but not by the other, ZCP xiii 22.16 , Bürgschaft 10 § 27 , ZCP xv 366.11 . lethslan fir (leg. fair?, ed.) .i. lethslan forsan mbidba[i]d, a lleth n-aill forsan flaith ad-guid in giall, Bürgschaft 77.26 . flaith atnuguid (leg. at-nguid, Bürgschaft 77 ), Laws ii 136.22 Comm. saigid feich a naicditar o mnai i.e. claiming a debt for which he has been invoked as surety, Laws v 308.18 . im coimet neich a naicdicher ar na tormastar ni fair, O'Curry 58 (H 3.18, p. 21a). is tar folta adguidet armaic friu, 803 (H 3.18 p. 372a). aic maccu dó samlaid 'appoint sureties for it thus', Cáin Ónae 38 § 2 . ? ben adguid aitire De no duine i fomatu a cuirp (of a woman for whose violation a man is not fined), Laws v 272.8 ( O'Dav. 913 ) (`eine Frau, die die `aitire' Gottes (eines Geistlichen) oder eines Menschen erbittet unter Darbietung ihres Leibes', Bürgschaft 73 ). ? nocu naicim imm[f]oichid air imma scuicthib acht maine tistar fo dochor chunnartha, O'D. 2330 (Rawl. B 506 fo. 35c). adguiter fír hOengasa (leg. nO.) . . . fris ┐ fir flatha na nDéisi `the pledge of O. and of the princes of the Déisi is requested as a guarantee for it', Ériu iii 140.170 . adraeghaid . . . Bran . . . ratha i n-ogh na saire seo, atraegatar na flaithi olchena airriu fadeisne . . . it é na ratha atrogesa sunn, Anecd. i 42.15 . conidh and do dechaidh Osraighi i n-dilsi fri leth Cuinn ┐ adrogaidh Maelgualai ri Muman a dilsi, AU i 368.18 `it was there that O. was alienated to Leth Cuinn, (i.e. came into direct dependence on the king of Tara), and Mael Gualai king of Munster warranted this alienation (i.e. pledged himself to renounce all claims to overlordship)', Binchy PICCS I p. 130 (1962). imroraid ni bad shairiu ara n-aiciste a chumachta that his power should be invoked, Ériu ii 106 § 16 . Note also: duli Dé adroegaid raith / tucsat dal bais forsin rig which he invoked as sureties(?), LU 9810 .

ad-reith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-reith or dil.ie/544

 

Forms: adreth-, ad-reith, ad-rethar, matrorais, matroiris, ad-roir, ad-rorasdar, atroraisitar, -arustar, -aristar, -airsed, adroreasta, -arraid, ataroirthet[ar, adrartatar, atarethusa, adrethsat, adreithset, árad

v (* ad-reth-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 598 . The form adreth- is perh. in some exx. to be taken as perf. of at-etha . See also ind-reith and ZCP xxv 246-7 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. ad-reith, ZCP xi 97 § 62 . Pass. sg. ad-rethar, ib. Subj. pres. 3 s. matrorais, O'D. 1564 (H 5. 15, 3b) = matroiris, O'Curry 512 (H 3.18, 259). 3 s. ad-roir, Laws ii 122.3 . Cf. atomrai .i. domfainic, RC xxi 401.24 Pass. sg. ad-rorasdar, O'Dav. 91 . atroraisitar, 1372 . -arustar, Laws iv 240.11 . -aristar, 114.27 . ?Subj. impf. 3 s. -airsed, RC xxii 402.1 . pass. sg. adroreasta, Laws iv 104.3 Comm. pret. and perf. 3 s. -arraid, BDD² 300 . 3 pl. ataroirthet[ar, TBC-I¹ 2951 . adrartatar, ZCP viii 313.20 . With s-pret. 1 s. atarethusa, LU 9394 . 3 pl. adrethsat, 5444 . adreithset, Rawl. 84b24 .

Vn. árad?

Cf. ar-reith.

(a) runs towards, attains to: adreith richid réde, Fél. Prol. 120 . adreth (adreith, atreith, v.ll.) riched rúnach, dunad Adriáni, Nov. 6. adreth (adreith, v.l.) buaid úas búadaib `the reward above rewards she has attained', Aug. 30. ?conid iar sin adrith (no rogabh) A. eired . . . alaile miled imbi, BB 495b1 = Alex. 765 .

(b) attacks: dollotar . . . in slōig ataroirthet[ar] araid Ulad the charioteers of Ulster attacked them, TBC-I¹ 2951 . iar sin atarethusa / cíar adbol a ndrong / co ndernus a n-ordnecha I attacked them . . . and crushed them to pieces, LU 9394 . adreidset leirg Liphi láin, Rawl. 84b24 . atreithsid biodhbhaidh fríu fria hedail forta, BNnÉ 106 § 22 . Of attack in chess: gabsait imbirt na fer fithchille . . . adrethsat (adresad v.l., TBC-I¹ 968 ) na firu oír ┐ argait tarsin clár crédumae, LU 5444 .

(c) overtakes; arrests: téit ina ndíaid . . . ┐ nisn-árraid he did not overtake them, BDD² 300 . luid dono Conall Cernach . . . connarruith Ailill ┐ Meidb hi Tailltin, ZCP iv 47.9 . odhilse neich adrorasdar isin ceatramad feis i.e. full forfeiture of whatever shall be caught in the fourth trespass, Laws iv 104.4 Comm. eirlim acht adroirisdair a ndiaid riasiu ro drengad taris, 8 Comm. dilsi neich adroir diib inna thir `such of them as he shall catch', ii 122.3 Comm. mana arustar for a lepuidh, iv 240.11 .i. mana tarrtaither, 242.6 Comm. mas rullatside cona [a]rustar forra `if they have absconded so that they cannot be caught', 240.9 . ?riasiu co narustar co derbḟine, 242.2 . i.e. before a claim is made on the `derbfine', Plummer MS. notes. nechtar da lina adrorastar a crich a cheili, O'Curry 804 (H 3.18, 372b) = hitrorustar, O'Curry 22 (ib. 10 a). ?ní áirsed augra in dá túathmáil `that he should not settle(?) the quarrel. . . ', RC xxii 402.1 . Cf. ní ahurrais augra . . . (ar-fuirig), BDD² 181 n. ?aic-siu macu imin smacht so . . . co neoch adroirter fort di nasc a rer brethaman .i. do neach is adha do tharrachtain do dhlestin dit, O'Curry 2729 (Eg. 88, 61b).

Cf. atnúarat.

2 aicde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aicde or dil.ie/770
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: aice, oigi, oigdhe

n Also aice. f. oigi, oigdhe (if same word) f., IGT Decl. § 3 . Prob. same word as 1 aicde.

(a) material, substance: sruithium a.¤ .i. feirius, Anecd. iii 44.3 . sruithem aicdi .i. o[i]r, Auraic. 5602 . ferr uma cech aicdi aird, Ériu ix 48 § 26 . ad-mestar humae asa daingnib denib dlūthaib dlūmaicdib, ZCP xi 94 § 40 . sug na srona robo i aicdhe ina tinne oir `the mucus which had become the material of the golden chain', RC xii 344 § 38 . suifid a.¤ i n-órdathu, xxvi 48 § 257 . tre-fot .i. tri foide meini (menn, MS.) dibertae as cach tir dib co ndenta oena.¤ dib tre druidecht, Corm. Y 1265 . da aic[dhi]i sechtmogat eter ael ┐ bitumain, etc. `building materials', Auraic. 266 . aigdi, 2580 . ni frith . . . oenchrand . . . na hoicdhe bud chúibde do chumm in tempuil, LB 222a19 . cia du tarclamtais a trelmu ┐ a naicdida tools and materials, ZCP iii 7.13 . aicdi in duine ac[a] denum (of the foetus forming in the womb), O'Curry 557 (H. 3.18 p. 275a).

(b) structure, building, manufactured article: a.¤ .i. ecdoe graece, aedificium latine, .i. cumtach, Corm. Y 84 . aicdhe .i. cumhdach, O'Cl. isochma do Día coro cumtaige cen adbar . . . cech n-admat no cech n-a.¤ bes áil dó, LU 2602 . nách n-a.¤ do dénam . . . do adbar, 2728 . adram in coimdid / cusnab aicdib amraib, IT iii 43 § 54 . cluined mo glanitgi / coimde na ndron a.¤ (aigde MS.), ACL iii 220 § 6 . ro rádi P. nád mbíad a.¤ dognethi di fiuth na cailli sin that nothing could be made from, Trip.² 2283 . amal ní confil ní arachoat a nargat nglan acht á techt in aicdi, Ml. 31d10 . cach dán dogní aicdi flatha nó ecalsa, folongar lethḟolug a míad cháich asa a.¤ dogní, Críth G. 486 . batar gobaind Chonchobar oc denam aiccde don rig, IT ii1 178.122 . teora primaig[d]i Erenn . . . barr Breoin . . . fi[d]chell Crimt[h]ain . . . ┐ mind Laegaire, Anecd. ii 3 § 5 . techta fuillema gill a.¤ airgit, Laws v 396.8 . in tuma ina cloithib ar cuicthi na tanalaig ar treisi na aicdib urluma ar aine finished products, i 188.36 Comm. cid ina tanailgib, cid na aic[d]e urrlaim, iii 204.1 Comm. aisic in ethair co na ramadaib ┐ cona aicdib urrlama fittings, 212.9 Comm. in goba acht mo (= má) do rigni in oigdi do gach coimaitech, v 14.y Comm. in soer . . . do rinne in aice . . . dfiur na hoige, ii 36.5 Comm. in bendachadh na haicdi, i 132.26 Comm. a tri ranntar an aice .i. trian d'adhbar ┐ trian do biúdh ┐ frichnam in fir lais i ndentar the cost of an a. is made up of three things, a third for materials, a third for sustenance and a third for the work of the man by whom it is made, O'Curry 2083 (H. 4.22, 70a). na uli aicdi ica recar a les fiallach borbfrithgnama, O'D. 937 ( H 3.17, c. 658 d). ro-fitir intí ro rec in n-aicdi ┐ ni fitir intī ros-cennaig, ZCP xv 307 § 2 . trí ná dlegat turbaidi: athchor maic, aicdi cherdai, gíallaigecht, Triads 156 . mac cerdai no fir fo gní nach aicdi éicin di ór, MR 78.19 . Various applications: bid hé corp ar n-a.¤ / admat na ba tíamdae, Fél. Prol. 293 (of the structure of the Martyrology). radharc ar aicce an fheallsaimh (ar aittibh feallsamh MS.) / fhuair an t-am fa céidleanbhsain the work of the philosopher, L. Cl. A. B. 176 § 113 . ba coemi esium a oenur inat doine in t-shaegail . . . cid oen a.¤ amra dognithea dib (of Christ), LB 148b32 . Coiri da Ruad in roglas / a.¤ sruthaidi senbras (of a whirlpool), Anecd. i 12.y .

(c) literary composition, poem (see also oige): feirrde an aigdhe (oige v.l.) a cur i ndlús, Content. v 48 . n-a oigdhe d'uaim, DDána 38.13 . a fighe d'oige iomshláin (of a `marbhna'), 118.17 . gach oige dar innigh mé, Content. ii 212 n.4 . oige dána ib. snáith th'oige, ib. do bhí . . . / . . . / geall gach oide 'gá ucht ṡlim / a hucht a oige n-inghill, DDána 73.33 .

Compd.: ar gcall a n-oigeaghaoil / gan rann dá oigealaoidh `after losing their poetic lover . . . they got no stanza of his artistic work', Aithd. D. 19.8 .

Note also a.¤ menman .i. doréir menman cáich nom molaim, RC xxvi 24 § 82 . O'Cl. Cf. aiced.

3 aithnid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 aithnid or dil.ie/2763

 

(2 aithne)

I As adj. known, acquainted, familiar. In attrib. use: bean aithnidh, IGT Decl. § 170 . an t-aos aithnidh acquaintances, Dán Dé xxv 12 . ret éigeas n-aithnidh, Aithd. D. 40.17 . éol aithnidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1299 . In pred. use: nitat achinti indiu ar ro chloemcoiset [a n-] anmand, LU 65 . Note also: rob aithnidh eólach etorra, Hugh Roe² 26.8 `he was a familiar acquaintance among them', Gloss. Superl. gidh tú as aithnighe i nÉirinn, DDána 101.38 . With DO: na bad achnid do Choin Ruí . . . tuarascbála Ulad would C. R. not know, MU² 518 . a.¤ dam eich na féinne, SG 100.11 . nirbh' aithnigh disi Art gur ba lendan dí é she did not know that A. was her lover, Ériu iii 152 § 5 . sochaide . . . do neoch roptar aithenta dó féin, RC xxv 394.9 . Note also: do bhí an deisgiobal sin aithnidh don easbog, TSh. 3204 . Of carnal knowledge: nírbh aichnid dhi fer romham, SG 5.17 . Compar. ni haic[h]enta damh . . . ina daib fein, CCath. 5169 . Adv. co h-aithnidh inntlechtach expertly, ML² 684 .

II As subst. one who is known, acquaintance, friend: ni boi cara no aichnid doibsium innte acquaintance, LB 142a39 . etir aichnid ┐ anaichnid both known and unknown (persons), PH 4152 . sochaide dia aichintib fen, Aen. 1329 . tuccsat aic[h]ne for aighthib na n-aichenta, CCath. 5557 . cuid da n-aithentoib, Aisl. Tond. 111 § xvii 1 . ? is faill cech n-aichnid, LU 3916 ( SCC § 43 ).

Perh. in sense of aithne in: da inadh ar aithnit duinn ar talmain = duo in terra loca esse novimus, Ir. Astr. Tr. 142.4 .

bris(s)id

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bris(s)id or dil.ie/6848
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: brisde, bris(s)ed

v (bres ? See Thurneysen, Keltoromanisches 94 s.v. (Fr.) briser; Pisani, Jn. Celt. Stud. i 50 - 51 ; cf. also Études Celt. xxv 129 ).

I Trans.

(a) breaks, smashes; destroys; gl. benaid, 1 bronnaid, con-boing: rosbriss no roben (gl. rosṁbī), Thes. ii 346.31 (Hy. v Comm.). ronbris, ronbrúi, O'Mulc. 830 g. na robris gl. nádchombaig, Thes. ii 346.30 (Hy. v Comm.). brisi . . . cia robria ord for inneoin `breaks', O'Dav. 300. brisid scíathu lenna laech, LU 3632 ( SCC 31 ). brisus (brissis, LU) Fergus . . . .iiii. carptiu dēac, TBC-I¹ 325. ro brisiset cleith di clethaib ind rightige, LU 8371 ( FB 25 ). brister in carbat, Laws iii 264.23 Comm. gur mhionuigh ┐ gur bhris iad, TSh. 821. anbthine . . co ro-bris a longa ` wrecked ', PH 7040. Of bread breaks (into parts); cuts up: tuccad (bairgen eorna) . . ., ┐ ro-bris, PH 1771. Of inflicting physical injury breaks, fractures; injures (bones, limbs, etc.): brí ([ro] bri[athar], ed.) .i. brisster . . . diablad n-aithgina neich ro briathar .i. diablad sin boin bristi ┐ bó laisin mboin slain, O'Dav. 287. ro brise Cochlán gilla Léith, Ériu xiii 66 § 61. Cf. co ro brised leo C. gilla L., Dinds. 126. go róebriss (curro bris, Stowe 5021) cnáim i n-a chind, TBC-LL¹ 6138. brister coss erēne circe, Fing. R. 310. tothfond foro co mbrister `until they (sc. horses) are injured', Laws i 164.14 Comm. In more abstr. sense. na briss . . . mo chride, LMU 18 ( IT i 81.37 ). ro brissed (rus-bris, v.l.) co mór `he was greatly broken', RC xiii 60 § 55. nīr bris a hōigi in t-Ardrī did not violate, ACL iii 244 § 10. In poetry, causes imperfect rhyme (by not employing corresponding consonant classes): snaidhm gaídhilge agus a glas | créad bhriseas 'what causes the binding of pronunciation and its clasp to be imperfect', Celtica xxvii 58 § 1 . bristear aghaidh i n-aghaidh | comhardadh ag cosanaibh 'consonants corresponding to one another make rhyme imperfect', Celtica xxvii 58 § 2 . See also comardad (c).

(b) With following prepp. etc. cid nodmbrisi in fer so a bóairechas? what deprives this man of, etc. (?), Críth G. 145. brissis gésca din chrund, Fraech 196 .

(c) defeats, puts to rout; overthrows; gl. maidid, sraínid. Absol. and with FOR (AR) usu. with obj. cath, irgal, etc. Also with DI: muna má .i. muna mbrisi, O'Cl. rosroena .i. robrisse gl. roróina ( reunn cathu, 18 ), Thes. ii 325.36 (Hy. iv Comm.). ? brissid úath n-adarccna (rhet.), LU 8354 ( FB 24 ). brisid Cūc[h]ulaind tricha lōech dīb cosin tailm C. overthrows (injures ?) thirty . . . with the sling, TBC-I¹ 1075. brississ tola he (sc. C. Cille) subdued desires, ZCP viii 197.5 . brister immairecc fairsom gl. conterat, Wb. 7c4 . cach immarec . . . is M.F. nod ṁbrissed, Fing. R. 61. ro brisius aurgala / for triunu na túath, LU 9349. noí catha ro brissitár rempu, 2797 . oenḟer ro bris for cach, Sc.M² R 8 . Note also: an tí dobrisfeadh uirre gan an chain ┐ an cadhus sin do dhíol `whosoever should refuse to pay (her) that tax', etc. Ériu v 94.17 . brisis Mogh Nuadhat de `M.N. defeated him', Keat. ii 4077. brisfighear díot fá uile ríoghachtaibh an dómhain (= dispergaris per omnia regna, Deuteronomy xxviii 25 ), Eochairsg. 80.5 . Fig. go mbrisfimni (mbrisimni, MS.) . . . / don ríoghraidh ghil `we (sc. poets, with our . . . praise) shall put to rout', Ériu ix 164 § 14.

(d) Of an oath, pledge, justice, etc. breaks, violates, transgresses with prep. FOR (AR) prec. indirect obj.: dia brisistair na reanna aicsidi ┐ nemaicsidi fair when he violated the stars, visible and invisible, Dinds. 81. bristir fír fer for Coin C., LU 5839 (TBC). ni ba me brisfes firindi fair lit. (that will) infringe justice on (him), Aen. 2744. do briseadh cunnradh ar cách, DDána 21.1 . Conn . . . nár bris bóid, IGT Decl. ex. 680.

II Intrans.

(a) breaks; breaks down, fails, comes to an end: ni robris (= non est fractum), Lat. Lives 80 § 73. ge nār brissetair leaca oigridh na prímhabhann, Fl. Earls 64.14 . do bhás uí Ch. . . . / druim ratha Banbha do bhris, SGS iv 66 § 27. brisfidh do dhearc your sight will fail (in death), DDána 43.8 . With AR: brisidh uirre re lo conoidhche it opens (of an abscess), 23 K 42, 434.18 . fa dheoigh air ass iad (sc. bronnta) do bhris `the gifts . . . failed him at last', O'Hara 950. With amach: brisfid do chantaóirighe amach le fíon nuadh = thy presses shall burst out, Proverbs iii 10. no gur bhris síad amach a harm an Priustúnidh `they broke away from', Rel. Celt. ii 206.6 .

Part. dar bernadaib brisde , CCath. 4104. for comardad briste imperfect rhyme see Murphy Metrics 1 , Ir. Syll. Poetry 8 - 9. bristi, na bi a n-aic[d]e ` broken (silver), not made up', Laws v 396.19 Comm.

Vn. bris(s)ed.

See bristid.

cingciges

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cingciges or dil.ie/9130

 

Forms: cingideas, cengcaigis, Cengcagis, Chencaigis, -ise, cinquidies

n (Lat. quinquagesima, see GOI 569 ). Form, gender and inflection variable. Gen. na cingideas (: c[h]es), Ériu iii 144 § 18 , cengcaigis, LU 9605 (perh. treated as pl., cf. casc, GOI 570 ), na Cengcagis , PH 5399 , in Chencaigis , 5405 . Later f., gen. -ise. Perh. infl. by cóicthiges. cinquidies, Flower Cat. 298.w . and Cincthídidhies, AFM ii 798.2 have been influenced by Latin.

Pentecost, Whitsuntide, Whitsunday : cingcices a cinquagīsima .i. in cōecatmad laithi ō c[h]áisc, Corm. Y 268 . sollummun in Ueteri cengiges `quinquagesima', Thes. i 495.35 (Ardm.). inobli casc ┐ notl aic ┐ cheṅṅcigis `in the Host of Easter and Christmas and Whitsunday', ii 254.18 (Stowe Missal). ar notlaicc ┐ caiscc ┐ cengciges, Ériu vii 150 § 36 . pruind chethruir ar notlaic ┐ chaisc ┐ chingcís, i 220 § 14 . is-in Cengcigis (of the Apostles), PH 5434 . o chaiscc go cingtigis, BNnÉ 67.3 . co hochtáib na cingtighisi, 57.24 . ó qinqís co haidiumeint, O'Gr. Cat. 314.16 . ó fhél Brighde co cinctidis, AFM v 1320.x . fá Nodlaig, fá Cháisg, ┐ fā Chingcighis, Rial. S.F. 385 . agaid cingcdise is i . . . rosiacht vigil of Pentecost, Lism. L. 1008 . Satharn cinctidhisi `the Satur- day before Whitsuntide', AFM iii 56. 13 . Dia Domhnaigh Cing[c]idhisi, Grail 1683 . fésta na cingcisi, ZCP vi 25.7 . lá na Cingcise, Acts ii 1 .

didil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. didil or dil.ie/16220

 

ind didil .i. adhbhal-dil nó grádh mór, O'Cl. (as if = dí + dil). ba d.¤ a chli chonaid (dilid, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. iii 352 (: Midir). cor char in d.¤ nar dui | ingin Midir m aic Indui, BB 408b50 . Oilean d.¤ , Reeves Ad. 428 .

díth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díth or dil.ie/16842
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: díth, -a, díith

n orig. neut. n s. díth n-etha, LL 28a33 . dith n-aenmaic, Dinds. 42 . m. (g s. and n p. -a), IGT Decl. § 95 . In chronological order, the different senses are loss, absence, lack, need, desire ZCP xxxiv 48 .

(a) loss, destruction, ruin, damage: díith gl. detrimentum, Wb. 8d3 . ba dursan do d.¤ thy loss, TBC-LL¹ 3472 . iar nd.¤ Conaire i mBrudin dá Derca, LU 3442 . iar far nd.¤ uile when ye are all destroyed, TFerbe 97 . deich mili mōra, mōr d.¤ | dorochratar oc Dauíd, SR 5911 . cen meth, cen ditha (: cricha), 1015 . slecht la mac Con . . . Art Oenfher | a d.¤ rodámair sin chath, LL 132a26 . d.¤ leis ríg Loegaire, 184a50 ( Arch. Hib. ii 73 ). atbath Longarad . . . is d.¤ lēgind ┐ scol, 371b69 . tánic d.¤ do búaib connā terna díb acht tarb, 23a29 . flaith cen d.¤ cen díbad (of heaven), FA 35 . gach dochar ┐ gach d.¤ dár himreadh leat air Chonnachtaibh, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 42 . rothógbatar clesa curad do d.¤ ┐ do dílgend araili, Fianaig. 90 . co trialta a nd.¤ co mmenic frequent attempts were made to kill them, IT i 73 . an d.¤ fuair muinntir Briain, Cog. 62 . iar nd.¤ dona rigaib after the fall of the kings, MS. Mat. 618 . as mé an nathair ag d.¤ slúagh . . . an leomhan ag d.¤ cruidh, BNnÉ 285 . fa hadhbhal d.¤ Albanach andsin slaughter , AIC ii 392 . co tanic d.¤ mór isin tír .i. marbad na maccraide la Hiruath, PH 2660 . rogenair [Isu] ó Muire óig cen d.¤ n-óige, 5179 . cet[nat] . . . esbadach íarna d.¤ ima tlacht having been robbed of its fleece, Ériu vii 6 . (prov.) d.¤ Ulad le d.¤ Ulad, ZCP i 106 . do denum dithi donn imper, vi 55 . noco tí in brath dithi in betha the judgement which will destroy the world, Acall. 7283 . fada atá rún . . . rodhítha ina gcroidhibh the desire of extirpation, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 352 . ag cor díthe ar Earr Ghaoidheal, Rel. Celt. ii 202 . cēt ridiri . . . dith H. ann what H. destroyed there, ZCP vi 42 . Criomthann . . . d.¤ doratt for Dealbhna, AFM 751 . neach | lé budh dil díoth an ollaimh the destruction of the o., Content. xx 13 . Of food: ata bar cuid ullamh ┐ da rab ní bus sía rachaidh si ar d.¤ it will be spoilt (go to loss ?), RC xix 144 . Folld. by AR: īar ndīth Conchobair 'after the death of Conchobar' BDC 104.2 . ba dirsan d.¤ ar in mac 'twas sad that destruction should overtake the youth, LL 44b41 ( MS. Mat. 482 ). ni techta anfine d.¤ ar fine `it is not lawful for an extern to encroach on the tribe', Laws v 438 . In cheville: d.¤ gen cheas, BB 279a48 . guin Meis Dead d.¤ co feirg, ZCP viii 117 § 15 . Note also: dith deiredh, Forus Foc. 67 ( Metr. Gl. 20 ). d.¤ .i. crich . . . domuin dith .i. dith no finis in domuin, O'Dav. 726 .

Legal `expiry of a period of grace' (Plummer MS. notes, cf. díthim): ria ndechmadh dith .i. . . . riasiu dithmas as in dechmadh, O'Curry 2407 ( Eg. 88, 32 (33)a ). in dith ndermait .i. . . . inti dermatas a ferann . . . co ndithmonn uadh é, 418 ( H 3.18 229b ).

(b) privation, want, absence: d.¤ charath nó coibdelach, Ériu vii 172 . masa dhith ōir no ilmāine fil fort, Marco P. 25 . ní fuil neach a nd.¤ bidh ná étaig innti, RC xxiv 383 . ag ēg do dhigh ┐ do gorta, Lib. Flav. ii 9 va 20 . díoth lóin ar lucht na heachtra | ní cóir, A. Ó Dálaigh xxx 6 . más d.¤ leat mo leithéidsi, Ériu ix 2 . do d.¤ : is do dith na flatha Find atá int selg-so oca denam in the absence of F., Acall. 3979 . feoil d'ithe do dhith a haithearraigh for want of an alternative, Rule of Tallaght § 73 . cartramhan gu leth fearuinn . . . acht acra dá díoth short of an acre, Public Records 29, report 42 . do dh.¤ an teasa nádúrtha, TSh. 1577 . créad do ghéanadh cách dá nd.¤ how should we all get on without them ? (of women), Dánta Gr. 3.16 . Folld. by neg. clause: do d.¤ nach bhfacaidh an tighearna because he did not see, Maguires of F. 50 . With prec. AR: ar dhí suain, Rel. Celt. ii 306 . dáoine ar dhíth creidimh unbelievers, 1 Corinth. xiv 23 .

(c) what is needful, necessary: ba d.¤ in fiadhnaisea roraidhisa frisseom there was need of . . ., Aen. 587 . líg as d.¤ dūin ┐ ní máine 'tis the flagstone we want, ZCP i 256 .

Compds. díth-ár destructive slaughter , Fél. Ep. 104 . bar ndún-si do díthḟaglad (dithḟoglad, v.l.) 'to despoil your fortress', Leb. Cert.² 1740 . Fer D. dithmilidh mac Damain death-dealing warrior, ZCP x 304 .

do-acmaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-acmaing or dil.ie/17109

 

Forms: tacmaingid, tachmaingid, -tacmaing, tacmoing, tacmaingheas, -tacmongar, doacmongat, thacmainget, dan-accmaic, tacmaic, tacmungad, tacmainged, tacmaicead, tacmaicced, doacmaised

(* to-ad-com-icc-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 554 ) Later as simple vb. tacmaingid, tachmaingid. IGT Verbs § 65 . Indic. pres. (a) 3 s. -tacmaing, TBC-I¹ 2552 . Moling § 18 . tacmoing, BDD § 91 . Auraic. 1960 . rel. tacmaingheas, BB 16c48 . Pass. -tacmongar, ZCP xii 364.33 . 3 pl. doacmongat, Ériu ii 130 . ni thacmainget , TBC-I¹ 1465 . (b) 3 s. dan-accmaic, LL 237b40 . tacmaic, Corm. Y 586 . Impf. 3 s. (a) tacmungad, Tur. 127a ( Thes. i 493 ). tacmainged, BDD 61 ( tacmaicead , v.l.). (b) tacmaicced, BDD 38 . Condit. 3 s. doacmaised, LL 117b22 .

(a) Intrans. with co, coricci, or similar prep. reaches (as far as), extends (to): tacmungad [cu] a adbran[n] which reached to his ankle, Tur. 127a . tacmoing in mong . . . dóib co braine a n-imdae, BDD 91 . tacmaicced a bél íchtarach co a glún, 38 ; 61 . doacmongat a n-ulchi conicce a n-imlinda, Ériu ii 130 . ní thacmainget dó ind ōic acht corici a gūalni, TBC-I¹ 1465 . dia follaigthe . . ., doacmaised a múrtraide dó cotice a dī leiss would have reached to his thighs, LL 117b22 . contacmaing in carpat sin . . . co luas faindle tar cend machairi maigslēbe traverses , TBC-I¹ 2552 . amail tacmainges barr in craind tar bun in craind, Laws i 32 . Occas. trans. in this sense: tacmaic snechta ferna fer, Corm. Y 586 . ni tacmaicet a beoil lar tige, Laws iv 412.21 . cairge na tacumainget tir, v 484.27 Comm. Of sense of touch: ní tachmuingter acht ní substaintech, O'Gr. Cat. 237 .

(b) Trans. encompasses; includes, comprehends: issed mod danaccmaic glacc fir inraic in crand a man's grasp can barely reach round the shaft, LL 237b40 ( TTr. 1550 ). nír tacmhaic a glac é re[a] mhét, SG 18 . ise in sruth sin timcellus ┐ tacmaingheas uili talmain nAtheoipe, BB 16a48 . bi tinnes ann tacmhuinges in cenn uili, 3 C 19, 60 vb 30 . tacmhainngidh mí na gréine spás .30. lá, O'Gr. Cat. 246 . Fig. conas tacmaing tlacht in trefocuil `the protection of the Trefocul encompasses them', Auraic. 1960 . ni thacmaingend in chanoin acht triur do macaib Adaim the Canon contains (i.e. mentions) only three sons, Lec. 66a9 . Hence used exceptionally as intrans. is included, contained, finds room: co nach tuilleadh ┐ nach tacmaingeadh i n-ichtar aibheisi na habhann, MR 102 .

éscaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éscaid or dil.ie/20415
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj i prompt, willing, alert, quick, eager; speedy, swift (cf. esceth .i. nepscith, Corm. Y 521 . esced .i. es[s]cith .i. ni scith ar aurlataid, O'Mulc. 435 ): am escid-sea for atha, FB 35 . laech alaind escaid, TBC-LL¹ 5335 . intí is laind ┐ is escaid, gresed in lesc ( = alacer et impiger) PH 5825 . laind ┐ escaid iar toil ┐ iar comairle a menman 4744 . athlum i n-imguin ┐ esgaid a n-eangnam, Fianaig. 76.11 . ní ba roescaid ar ná ba dáiscuir do not bustle too much (be not over-officious) Tec. Corm. 19.33 . IT i 214.10 (roescid). oclaich escaidhe uretroma utmalla, CCath. 5371 . re sliasdaibh eich ésgaidh of a swift (or spirited?) steed IGT, Decl. ex. 1225 . for a ngabraibh escaidi, D IV 2, 57 [55]vb11 . le taidhlibh each n-ésguidhe, IGT, Decl. ex. 838 . dá mbeinn éasgaidh n-aigeanta `if my spirits were nimble' Ir. Review 1913, 624 . ná bí éasgaidh ar h'aimhleas, Dánta Gr. 105.2 . eusgaidh fá na gcuid do thabairt uatha, 1 Timothy vi 18 . grása le a ndiongnam toil Dé coimhéusgaidh re hainglib nimhe, Parrth. Anma 125.5 = Luc. Fid. 77.4 . an rosg atá aneasgaigh | geárr ó budh easgaidh isi a short time since it was lively Miscell. Celt. Soc. 340.19 . Adv.: dunad do gabáil co hellom ┐ co héscaid, TBC-LL¹ 431 . co laind ┐ co héscaid as taburtha ind almsu, PH 6030 . bidh co humal éscaid indr aic , humble, willing, upright ZCP vi 272.16 . ergid a ogu...co hescaid, MR 122.1 . do freccradar Goill go soinnimh sair-ésccaidh é, AFM iii 232.1 . aithech...gebid ar n-eich co escaid, LL 207a4 = RC vii 296.114 . Duan. F. i 29.16 (hésgaidh). ní ro étadh anísin co héscaid `was not readily got' TTr.² 1443 . docuaidh...co prap, primescaid, ZCP vi 45.15 . is é.¤ lim I am ready, eager for: nír escaidh le B. in cuid rainic do féin do roinn re nech B. was loth to share Acall. 920 . ni rabusa lá nach budh éscaid lém labra riut, 7913 . aister ba ésgaidh linn a journey we took readily O'Gr. Cat. 352.25 . adhbhar béime don taoibh theas | éasgaidh libh é mar aighneas anything dishonouring to the south you are ready to use as argument Content. xvii 9 . na heirgead uaib d'innsaigid na himreasna acht cach aen ris a héscaidh a hindsaighidh let none of you go...save such as are eager to approach it MR 126.8 . Compar.: nach éasga chríochnuigheas an reathaidhe a réim...ioná mar chríochnuigheas an duine a bheatha, TSh. 7634 . As superl.: robtar iatt...teachta robtar eallmha ésccaidhe dia erḟuagra [sic leg.] the speediest messengers Hugh Roe 290.11 (f. 76b) .

fochraic

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fochraic or dil.ie/22497
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: fochricc, fochricce, fochraice, fochricci, fochrici, fochraca, fochreca, fochraice, fochraig, fochraic, fochruici, fochroigi, fochreic

n f. (orig. ī-st. ? See Thurn. KZ xxviii 146 ). (vn. of fo-cren). n s. ind fochricc , Wb. 16a13 . g s. fochricce, 10b1 . 13b27 . fochraice, Ml. 15d6 . n p. fochricci, Wb. 3c1 , 25d8 . fochrici, Mon. Tall. § 25 . Later g s. na fochraca , na fochreca , Laws iv 134.10 , 11 Comm . g p. fochraice (-ge v.l.) Hy vii 59 . fochraig fochraic, IGT, Decl. § 13 . g s. fochruici ib. ex. 655 . fochroigi, 663 .

(a) a reward, recompense, payment: focrici gl. stipendiis, Mittelalterliche volkssprachige Glossen 10 (Usserianus Primus) . transl. Lat. merx Wb. 2b26 , stipendium 3c1 , remuneratio 16a13 . Ml. 15d6 ; praemium 18c5 ; oppd. to `pían' ib., Wb. 13b27 , 25d8 . fochreic (= fochraic, Ériu xiii 22.16 ) .i. focheill, O'Dav. 865 . fochraic .i. luaighidheachd, O'Cl. mad fochricc som [for `som' here see Thurn. Hdb. § 403 ] nípa deoladacht (gl. non secundum gratiam sed secundum debitum) Wb. 2b26 . nach oen tra lasa legait na meic ... dlegaitside f.¤ ┐ dulchinde i n-aimseraib corib .i. loilghech i fochraicc na .lll. cona n-imnaib, etc., Rule of Céle Dé § 62 ( LB 12a17 ). Esp. of heavenly reward: condomthair ilar fochraice, Hy vii 59 . cid latsu bithbetho talman ... is ferr óenfocr aic i nnim, LU 9530 . ragait a aithle a mmessa dochum focraice, 2382 . is and sin icfas in Comdiu ... fochraice dona fírenaib ┐ píana dona pecdachaib 2287 ( FA 34 ). ragait ... dochum nimi ┐ focraici fororda LU 2391 . ni thuille fochraicc acht doslí péin, PH 8380 . tuilled fochracci, 4981 . doslī fochraigi, ZCP iii 448.25 . serc Dé ... doformaig fochruic [fochraicce v.l.] ib. 21 . Muire ógh as ard focruig `of great bounty' [merit ?] A. Ó Dálaigh l la . iar n-airilleadh fochraicce ó Dhia tria déighghníomhaibh AFM i 366 . as é dorat a chuit fochraicce do N. ar claomhclodh ech do thabhairt dhó `that gave the viaticum to N.' [lit. his share of (heavenly) reward] ii 596 . coimēt mh'einigh ar talmain | fochraig dom anmuin ar nimh, ZCP x 51 § 1 .

Fee, hire: f.¤ lego a physician's fee Laws iv 300x ( Críth G. 48 ). focruic leada, BCrólige § 19 . do mna fochraice of thy hired woman Laws i 156.30 . ní dern saethar cen ḟ.¤ ZCP vii 309.1 . Fig. heaven: inann beith fo guth a cluig | do neoch is beith a fochraig, Laud 615, p. 30 .

(b) purchase-money, rent, esp. in Laws. in fēr dobeir ar focraic ... ce beith nech a naititin a fochreca cen a acra ... noco lugaiti dligus a fochraic d'īc ris, Laws iv 48.22 (Comm. on: besaib fochructa ib. 14 ). creic cētmuintire ┐ f.¤ tire, Caratnia § 7 . f.¤ tíre (.i. fearunn do cennach), Laws ii 358.3 , 24 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 19 ) = focreic tire, Laws v 284.27 . fáccaib in .vii. maid mboin ... i f.¤ in tíre, Críth G. 94 ( Laws iv 304.15 ). tír fochraice no airbiata, Laws iv 48.2 Comm. = Stud. in E. Ir. Law 156 (`land on lease'). Orba for set n-imfaebair, as direnar lethdire ... orba for set focraici, as direnar triandire .i. in ferand dobeir neach ar conair a focreca essidec, Laws v 34.8 Comm. ; Stud. in E. Ir. Law 156 ff . in inbaid ata in t-urradh ar ferann fochraca, in deoraid buna[i]d ruc leis anunn, is trian frichnama dobeir leis amach, ┐ trian tíre facbas thall. f.¤ actaigthi uil itir in deoraidh ┐ in t-urradh and sin, uair damad f.¤ do reir dligidh is e urradh bunaidh in feraind ro berad in trian `stipulated hire ... hire according to law' Laws iii 130.3 Comm. na boin focreaca itir da selb (.i. a coluinn laisin dara fer ┐ a lacht ac in fer eile), ii 42.15 (16) . can miter caiche tire ? As a fochracaib `how are land-trespasses estimated ? From its rents' iv 94z . ar f.¤ on hire, for rent: mas e a ferand bodéin tucustar duíne ar fochruic, iv 134z Comm . co tucat dilsi in feoir ar f.¤ , 128.23 Comm . co ceann mbliadna .i. ar rē na fochraca ib. 24 Comm .

(c) compensation: cia forruastur friu is focruic focrenaither dia ḟinib, BCrólige § 12 . is focruic focrenaiter na mnā so dia finib it is by a fee to their kin that these women are compensated § 32 .

(d) by extension, of that which deserves reward, a merit: is fochric immurgu ma gabthair tairis `it is meritorious if a man gets clear of it' Mon. Tall. § 62 . is hí tra in ḟochraicc dia ndígba nech ní ... din choemna connic do thomailt, Alex. 973 .

foclach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foclach or dil.ie/22527
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj o-ā (focal) having, pertaining to or consisting of words: deilidi f.¤ faebrach keen verbal metathesis Auraic. 2133 . gan filidh faobhrach foclach, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) iii 161.13 . Generally in composition with a preceding defining adj. = Engl. `worded': rocansat ceol ... ┐ can[t]aic cainfoclaig BB 240b43 = YBL 290b9 . Fēcin finnfocluch fair-worded RC xii 320 § 1 (see finn-). in tres tuirmech trénḟ.¤ powerfully-worded MR 94.14 .

fo-gella

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-gella or dil.ie/22730
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: fuigl-, fuigill-, fuigl-, fuiglidis

v (gell `pledge') protot. fuigl-, whence later stem fuigill-, fuigl-.

(a) as leg. term ` gives a pledge to accept a legal decision from an authority ' (Atk. Laws Gl.), hence appeals to the judgment of, submits (a case) to , with acc. of pers. and IMM of subject-matter. fogella risiu imgona (.i. gurub tusca dechar a fuigeall in britheman ...), O'Dav. 1403 . Sencha ... fon-gelltais Ula[i]d, Laws i 150.16 . fogellat iarum an Dagda, Ériu xii 146 § 8 . fogellsat imbi ... Conchobar ┐ bertside ... they appealed to C. and he awarded Laws iv 6.2 Comm. atait secht mbreitheamain nad fuigliter la Feine who are not consulted (for an opinion) v 352.17 (cf. ollamh gaisi, sai cach eoluis ima fuighlither, iv 358.11 ). cia fogelmais ríg na túath, Ériu v 213 . fogellsat in ri[g] imbi, BDD 20 . mo thri finndni fomgeillsat .i. imm ailt nEochach, Bodl. Corm. s.v. pain (= fom gellsat, Corm. Y 1052 ). co fuigillsit ... breithemna Erend imma comaltrom, O'D. 986 (< H 3.17 c. 849 ) = con fuiglessat ollomuin brethemuin nErind imme comaltor, Anecd. iii 27.16 . fuigillfithir Morunn uimi, IT i 142.12 (= co fuigle, ZCP v 503.30 ). fuigillsit Morunn iarum ... ┐ ispert sidi ... ib. IT i 142.14 . Cf. fomruigled .i. fuigell, ut est ... a Corm aic fomruighled .i. tangais im fuigell, H 3.18, 286.13 ( O'Curry 574 . ni fuiglea co ngoí cathroí (he shall not appeal to combat to decide a false claim ?) ZCP xi 83 § 31 . ni forgell Dau friu, Anecd. iii 60.14 , PMLA lxii 899 .

(b) pronounces a verdict, decides, gives judgment concerning, with acc. or IMM of matter decided: ni fornasc nadi(d) fuidhli `he cannot bind who is not able to pass judgment' Laws i 266.12 . nis fuigli nad ergeouin na bi mesach slan ib. nis fuigli nad oigi gnim fir fiachaib ib. 14 . immanad in roe ... acht ni fetatar ciabad airet ara curthe co fuigled Conchubur imbi till C. should decide 250.24 . in: conna fuiglidis fiacha na feitheamnasa na coicearta cosin feis n-aili they pronounced no decision on Leb. Cert. 6.19 either meaning would suit; the form may be pass. fuighliset fri maccu Miled co mbad leo ind inis, LL 13a31 = fuighellsat, Leb. Gab.(i) i 252.20 . ni fuigledar nach fuigled no case is adjudicated ZCP xi 82 § 19 (leg. with L: ...nach fuiglid no judge shall be appealed to ?).

(c) asserts, declares , freq. in parenthetic assertion on part of an author: fuighlim .i. ráidhim, O'Cl. a echlach ... nā fuigill ach(t) firinne!, ZCP xiii 170.16 . fuiglim, is ní fuigell gaī, vi 260.14 . Eochaid ... delbas a degrand ... for fis na fian dia fuiglend, LL 10b41 (= ZCP xiv 178 ). seanchas fíor a bhfuighlim dhaoibh, Content. xxviii 67 . indis duinn ... na hilchinela rann do ḟuidhlis of which you have spoken RC xxiv 378 § 15 . ro fuighillsit na braithre gur bhó ina mainistir féin, etc., maintained AFM vi 2046.6 . fāl findchuill ... fuiglis re tuathaib ... Temhra (= he called the tribes of T. a hedge of white hazel) MR 124 .

Vn. fuigell, q.v.

forbach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forbach or dil.ie/23337
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: forbach

(-bech) (vn. of for-boing ?) the instances suggest an extraordinary levy, `surtax'; e.g., when a client is wounded and the victim or surviving kindred is powerless to enforce the legal penalty, the lord (flaith) intervenes and levies it. As a result, his lord is entitled to a third of the fine, so not only can the lord levy his own coirpdire but also a proportion of another's; the latter is a forbach ( O'Curry 1623 , cited below. This third, however, is apparently levied out of the amount due to the injured man, so does not increase the payment due from the defendant) (see Stud. Hib. xvi 23 ): f.¤, forbuain ` exaction, extortion, additional fine exacted by the chief', O'Don. Suppl. forbag .i. for fiach, O'Mulc. 581 . f.¤ .i. cuid na marbh: cumal fhorbaigh do mhuinntir Dhe, O'Cl., folld. by P. O'C. with definition ` donations or legacies left by the dead for charitable uses' (cf. Cáin Ad. 43 , cited below). In following exx. seems used of a due or tribute (possibly a supplementary one): nach forbech dliges rí Locha Léin de Chorco Tri ┐ Orbrigu ... is rand i ndē etir ríg Eoganachta ┐ rí Ciarraige ┐ nach forbech bis la ríg Ciarraige do righ Locha Léin fācabar la Ciarraigi ┐ la rig ┐ is hoén inna foltaib o rig Locha Léin ZCP viii 316.11 (see folud). gabhla flatha forbach .i. ate forbuain gablaighthear don ḟlaith sech cach duine is isle inás: a beochoirpdire fein dó, ┐ trian beocoirpdire a daorceile dó, etc. O'Curry 1623 (< 23 Q 6, p. 76 ) = O'Gr. Cat. 81.6 (where the text is rendered `Reparations due to a chief are in excess [of those payable to others]'). cuit forbaig (.i. ... cuid tobaig) `Eintreibungsanteil' Ir. Recht 34 § 36 (but see Stud. Hib. xvi 23 n. 20 ). (`der Anteil der in dem forbach besteht' p. 35 ). imcengair flaith a foltaib forbuigh forgeall .i. as eimh cheimnigther a foltaib risna flathaib do ní forbuain n-indlighthech tre forg[ell] imdenma for a ceilib, no eimceimnighther i reir nach aile on flaith do ní forgell is forbuain n-indligthech ima foltaib cona nach aile is brethemh for a ceilib, H 3.18, 241b ( O'Curry 452 ). cf. imcengair ┐ rl. .i. cona berir [benir ?] lan forbhach ina miḟoltaib, H 3.18 246.29 ( O'Curry 468b ). na foachta fo[f]echar i Cáin Adomnan, dligith munter Adomnain f.¤ dé [leg. Dé, Plummer, but that does not suit the constr.] ... .i. cumal forbaich do muntir Iae airm i n-icatar secht cumala ┐ lethchumal di leth secht cumal. se seuit fon trichoit sét any injury that is inflicted in [violation of] Cain A. the family of A. are entitled to an over-levy (?) from it, ... i.e. a `cumal' of over-levy (?) [is due] to the family of Hy when seven `cumals' are paid, etc. Cáin Ad. 43 (see Thurn., ZCP xviii 394 ). banbeim aic nid ro ferustair ... ar nech do muindtir na heclaisi ... is da eclais fein ro soich in f.¤ sin conadh ocht screpaill fichit tic as in cumal sin, H 3.18, 426b ( O'Curry 997 ). Here it evidently means a proportion of the fine exacted. oirggis Insi Gall in gargri ... nirbo dograch tuc a f.¤ i tír Temrach `their trophies' (tribute wrung from them ?) Arch. Hib. ii 73 § 50 ( LL 184a45 ). Franc forbbaig `an extorting Frank') Arch. Hib. ii 71 § 18 ( LL 183b52 ). Form and meaning doubtful in these two passages. See also O'Curry 1756 (ferr frestal f.¤ ). O'D. 686 , 638 , 873 . ( H 3.17, c. 503 , 474 , 624 ).

Cf. bid f.¤ dond imgail `eine Vermehrung(?)' TFerbe 912 .

2 mac(c)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 mac(c) or dil.ie/31167
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: m.

n o, m., a bond, surety, also m.¤ nascaire (see Thurneysen, Bürgschaft, 4 ). atait secht taburta la Feine . . . ata dilsim cin m.¤ cin raith (.i. . . . cin m.¤ nascaire ┐ cin raith trebuire), Laws v 212.2 , 7 (transl. `son'); cf. Cóic Con. 46 § 80 ; 47 § 81 . cia ro nascar for m.¤ ┐ raith (.i. . . . for m.¤ nascaire ┐ raith trebuire), 214.27 , 216.2 . aic macu domm-icfasa-sa huait in n-athgabail so bind securities that you will pay me this distress, ii 130.10 , cf. 116.13 . Bürgschaft, 55.23 . mac .i. mac nascaire, H 3.18 p. 661 ( O'Curry 1483 ). iar ndul inech mic nascaire ┐ raith trebaire, ib. 443 a ( O'Curry 1081 ). cisne cuir fors ná hiadha m.¤ nā raith la féine? Cor tobaig, cor tola, etc., H 3.17 c. 467 , ( O'D. 627 ) = H 3.18 p. 193a ( O'Curry 348 ). for m.¤ ┐ raith, O'Dav. 1338. mac cor mbel 'sureties to contracts' O'Dav. § 910 , Peritia v 86 § 5 .

osaic

Cite this: eDIL s.v. osaic or dil.ie/34052

 

Forms: ósaic, as(s)aic, fosaic, fósaic

n f. (Lat. obsequium), occas. ósaic, as(s)aic , fosaic, fósaic. In strict sense a service; in religious lit. washing of the feet (of the poor, strangers) as a ceremonial or religious duty (for use of Lat. obsequium in this sense see Plummer Bede ii 238 ), later as an act of hospitality. i fesscur dorigne Crist osaic [a] apstal, KMMisc. 154.86 . ro gab [Ísu] for ósaic ┐ indlat dia apstalu, PH 5244. procept na fhossaice [sic] the Sermon on the Washing, Rule of Tallaght § 20. ra gab Brigit for ósaic dia dardain cendla dona senorib, LB 63b36 . dena . . . ósaic ┐ nige th'fir chumtha, 65b22 ( Lat. Lives 84.10 ) = fosaic, Lism. L. 1622 . tech glan donaib oígedaib . . . ossaic is indlat doib, Ériu iii 106.4 (Rule of Ailbe). suidmít ar in cholbu . . . doní ar n-ósaic, LL 207a8 = ar n-ossaig, Duan. F. i 29.18 . dogniter a nfhosaigh a hocht síothluibh d'airged, 42.11 . déntar assaigc fair, BColm. 74.7 . tainic ingen . . . d'umalḟos- saic duind, Acall. 5059. dogniat osaic gach laithe `they wash themselves', Marco P. 175. In wider sense of attendance (on guests), entertainment: ro fáccaibh [Pátraic] . . . buaidh fosaici ┐ fritholma fair (sc. on Maedoc), BNnÉ 194.6 . gu n-aomdais . . . anadh ag in uasalbarún da n-umalosaig fá nodlaig to be entertained, Caithr. Thoirdh. 77.4 .

petarlaic(c)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. petarlaic(c) or dil.ie/34304
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: fetarlicce

n f. Mid.Ir. variant form of fetarlaic = O.Ir. fetarlicce

(a) the Old Covenant or Testament : hi petarlaicc ┐ i núfhiadnaise, PH 1102 . sruthi na petarlaicthi, 7871 . do dúilib petarlaicthe, 4491 . in eclais chechtarda petarlaice ┐ nuafhiadnaise, 6493 , cf. BColm. 2.3 (petarlaeici) and IT i 169.15 (phetarlaicthi). aenta petarl aic i fria nuifhiadnusi .i. rechta fria soscéla, Lism. L. 4618 .

(b) Old Law (of Irish paganism): iar peddarlaig sin 'that is according to the Old Law' CIH ii 552.5 , Ériu xlviii 54-55 .

saerdatu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. saerdatu or dil.ie/35907

 

Forms: saordataid

n t, m. (2 saerda) artificiality, conventionality; conventional or technical usage: is ed onn iar n-aicneadh ail, | is i in cloch iar saerdataid (i.e. by grammatical gender), Auraic. 555 = íar sáirdataid, RC xx 264.17 = saordataid, Corm. Y 80 . iar saerdataid . . . iar n-aic[niud], IT iii 27.30 .

smacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. smacht or dil.ie/38009

 

Forms: smaicht, smachtu

n u m. Cf. also n. p. smaicht, O'Curry 903 ( H 3.18, 401 ). IGT Decl. § 95 (127.14) .

I

(a) rule, ordinance, regulation, command, stipulation (freq. in pl.): tect fo smachtu rechto `to go under the rules of the Law', Wb. 19d11 . pridchibid smactu rechto fetarlicce `institutes', 26a8 . nachib berar i smachtu rechta fetarlicce `be ye not borne into the institutions of the Law of the Old Testament', 27a24 . isnaib smachtaib hisin gl. (cur) in illis pactis (non manserunt quae apud patres in lacrimarum ualle firmata sunt) under those conditions (i.e. in that state), Ml. 105a5 . inna smachtu gl. (uictis) condiciones (pacis dabunt) conditions (of peace), 135c3 . In sg.: do chosnam in smachta gl. habundantius aemulator existens paternarum mearum traditionum `to contend for the rule', Wb. 18c18 . huan s.¤ gl. ea pactione (ut omnes Iudeos in Gentilium scita traduceret) on this condition, Ml. 73b6 . huan s.¤ gl. á condicione (foeni) (prob. a misunderstanding of the Latin text, where conditio means a state of being), 113a1 . uair do-chuabar dar mo s.¤ since you have transgressed my commandment, MacCarthy 58.21 = recht, SR 1443 . dorónta cluiche chointe dó amal robái i smachtaib ┐ besaib na Troiandae according to the institutions and customs of the T., TTr.² 1230 . do dímicin a smachta som ┐ a rechta ┐ a mbésa, LB 144a17 . ní ro gabhadh uadh an taons.¤ sain na Cascc . . . go nuige am bliadhainsi (Adamnán) that ordinance regarding Easter, TFrag. 114.14 . s.¤ an Choimdheadh . . . | . . . mairg do bhris, DDána 26.6 . With follg. vn. constr.: tucatur maigestri na sersenach s.¤ cen duine do marbad gave orders that none should be killed, Ann. Conn. 1235.14 . is é cets.¤ rigi doordaigh-sium andsin .i. can duine . . . d'adlucadh . . ., TTebe 4586 .

(b) sway, dominion, rule (of a king, chief, etc.): na túatha cen s.¤ rig, LU 3440 ( SCC 21 ). a bhfuil dod s.¤ | . . . ar ichtar Chonnacht, Irish Texts ii 101 § 37 . laoich fhearchonta as fhíorghlan s.¤ , Studies 1920, 566 § 9 . beir do bhreith smachta, smuaintig do recht rig give judgement according to thy power, MR 160.8 . mac Coisi ar nách cúala s.¤ `sway over whom I have not heard of', Ériu ii 168.71 . Commonly with prep. FO: dorad iathu Erenn ┐ Alban fo s.¤ flaithiusa Muman subjugated, RC xxiv 186.7 . osnadu na n-iltuath bitís fo s.¤ ┐ dáire ocaib, Alex. 40 . do-s-ber diabul fo s.¤ fen iat, PH 2356 . ríghe Érenn árdaoibhne | cuirfet fo s.¤ a bfine, Irish Texts iv 86 § 47 . fo s.¤ ┐ fo geilsini, Cog. 48.10 .

(c) control, restraint, discipline; punishment : s.¤ féig fíadnach `government', Ériu iv 94 § 11 . ón ghrás do ghabh s.¤ He allowed mercy to overrule him, PBocht 5.22 . aingeal re haghaidh smachta (Michael), Dán Dé xiv 4 . Usually with follg. prep. AR: ár ní thabratsom s.¤ no recht no ríagail ar denam a peccaid they sin without restraint, LU 2377 . s.¤ ar colainn, snige dēr (duties of ascetic life), ZCP vii 297.11 . s.¤ ón ghaoith ar a ghruaidh, RC xlix 173 § 28 . ar an uisge gur fhéad s.¤ , PBocht 20.31 . go s.¤ uaidh ar chach, Atlantis iv 160.29 . In chevilles: dían in s.¤ , LL 27a32 . borb an s.¤ , Irish Texts i 39 § 22 . an té fhúathuighios s.¤ `he that hateth reproof', Proverbs xii 1 . s.¤ an Tighearna `chastisement', Deuteronomy xi 2 . nach gabhann beadhgadh tré s.¤ dá ndéanann Dia orra are unmoved by God's punishment, TSh. 1928 (cf. 1922 ).

II

(a) In Laws penalty, fine for breach of law, trespass, non-payment of debt, etc. See Cóic Con. 6 . Bürgschaft 38 . In some passages the amount of the s.¤ is fixed in terms of bó, cumal, sét: aic macu ara-[m]bera boin smachta ┐ imdechta `die Kuh der Tarifbusse', Cóic Con. 14 . in tan is trian eneclainne is trian smachta . . . in tan is lan eneclainne is lan smachta .i. leth secht cumala, O'D. 833 ( H 3.17, 595 ). But cf. secht cumala do s.¤ . . . dona huaisli a marbadh for a comairci a s.¤ of seven cumals to nobles for killing of persons under their protection, Laws iv 232.7 . is inann . . . a smachta .i. cuic thseoit, ii 20.12 Comm . noca nairilltnighinn feich ann .i. s.¤ metha gi(a)n co ructhar iad for folach notrus[a] `the penalty for omission (to provide nursing)', Ériu xii 10 § 8 gl. 2 (BCrólige). cach [n-]ecubus cona dire ┐ a fuilliud ┐ a smachtaib, ZCP xiv 346 § 7 (here = s.¤-ētaim `feste, in ihrer Höhe unveränderliche Busse', Thurn. ib. See also § 29 , and cpds. below). In Cóic Con. Fug. the s.¤ for offences during the hearing of a law-suit is fixed at one `bó' (see Cóic Con. p. 62 , 63 , 81 ): inannus smachta riu uile . . . is é int inannus smachta in bo i nemaithne na conaire, 23 § 22 . inunn in s.¤ fil i-nne[ma]ichni [na] conaire re ngabail tacrai, 15 § 2 . Cf. bo sin in (leg. isin) tuisled don conair fora [c]ele for lapsing into a different form of legal procedure, 58 § 137 . s.¤ urchlaidhe (leg. urchrai?) `Tarifbusse des Vereitelns des Termins', 14.17 . Cf. ZCP xv 259 , xvi 210 . In other cases the s.¤ appears to have been variable: gaimorgain mbruigrechta da trian a fochraice is e a s.¤ `for winter trespass . . . two thirds of the rent is the s.¤-fine', Laws iv 88.2 . smachta cacha raithe, ni cuma dono s.¤ samfuachta ┐ gaimfuachta . . . it truma smachta geimrid oldaiti smachta samraid, ar i[s] sruithe bes (sic leg.) beatha na mbo oldas a ngeart, ar it geinither fer i samradh. ni tha imurro ní a ngeimre (i.e. the s.¤ varies according to season), 88 - 90 . smachta samraidh; miach cach airlime . . . leth meich ma fri athbrondad . . . it da miach . . . fri geamfuacht, 90.16 . In a table given O'Curry 1022 ( H 3.18, 431b ) of trespasses by pigs the s.¤ is always double the aithgin. re s.¤ cāna (sic leg.) `inbetreff der Tarifbusse für (Verletzung der) cāin (des gesetzten Rechts)', Cóic Con. 19.2 . Cf. 49 § 95. 73 . cia meid smachta fil a comiceas?—a dó; s.¤ ime ┐ ceathra genmota caithe, Laws iv 138.20 .i. cenmotha in s.¤ uil o na dainibh do niat ris in ferand .i. brised in aile, 140.15 Comm . cia lin fris a tabar smachta i comaithces `how many things are there for which `smacht' fines are paid in the co-tenancy?', 140.11 Comm . s.¤ comhaithchiusa do rith riu iar tabairt na ngeall so amail ceathra eile (of bees), 162.24 n . do lomrad smachta ┐ cáiche, 68.3 .i. na méich, 12 Comm . s.¤ a fidh neimhedh no co mbentar uile, ┐ eneclann ind o bentar (of the cutting down of trees in co-tenancy), 150.16 Comm . cach bail is dám beag ┐ s.¤ mor . . . cach bail atá in dámh mór ┐ in s.¤ beag, O'D. 521 ( H 3.17, 423 ). comdiles cach s.¤ fri colainn a feich `gleich "eigen" sei jede Busse wie der Gegenstand der betreffenden Schuld', Bürgschaft 15 § 51 (b). caite s.¤ .i. trian cach féich, O'D. 776 ( H 3.17, 556 ) (according to the Comm., if a debt was not paid at the stipulated time, a s.¤ equal to one third of it was inflicted for every three days' delay, so that at the end of nine days the debt had doubled). fon indus sin dona gradaib feine fo uaisle a smachta, O'Curry 1008 ( H 3.18, 428b ). cach uair is [s]macht ictar ann, is a ic fo aicned in ti icas, Laws iii 496.8 - 10 Comm . munu muintiur na neche sin doib, da trian na hiaruta ar s.¤ ann don aithir `a fine of two thirds of the price of fosterage', ii 152.14 Comm . smachta tairgilli . . . Treidib miach miter cach nethemain, miach i nathlumpaire, lethmiach fri monai ar airlim, iv 78.1 ff .

In the follg. exx. taken as meaning requirement, requisite (i.e. the tools which tenants of land must have for fencing): smachta ime, rama fri clais, soc fri coraid, biail fri dairime, fidbad fri felmad `the requisites for the fences are . . .', Laws iv 72.1 .i. is e ní smachtaigther acu ac denum na híme, 13 Comm . cateat smachta imi . . .? .i. rāma fri clais, etc. `Erfordernisse', ZCP xv 314 § 8 Comm . (Caratnia), see p. 315 . But note: smacht ime, Laws iv 138.21 .i. in ní smachtaigter i ndul tar an ime `'smacht -fine of fence, i.e. the thing which is commanded to be paid for going over the fence', 140.12 Comm .

Used apparently of the offence itself in: iss é in(n)sin im[m]a-thoing smachtu m(b)ruigrechta, Críth G. 38 `breaches of m.', p. 100 . See Ir. Recht 84 .

(b) penalty, fine, tribute in general: cána ┐ smachta ┐ císa fer nErend, LU 4207 . gnim, nad lugu s.¤, | orggain Eogain for which the penalty is not less, IT i 70.19 . oc tobhach a císsa ┐ a smachta rígh, CCath. 740 . cradh Cindfaelaid in smachta, MacCarthy 416.y . naomhad gacha toraid . . . d'idhnacul . . . gan dul a nairiumh chána ná smachta and not to be counted as rent or fine, RC xliii 54 § 55 . cīsa Mumhan . . . .i. s.¤ ┐ biathadh ┐ turgnumh ┐ faesamh, Leb. Cert. 60.14 . cid ar nar cinded s.¤ loigi ar na h-aistibh sea? fixed payment (?) (for bardic compositions), BB 297a2 . an s.¤ ríogh rug ar an bhféar | . . . | do ghlac mé an crodh dá c[h]omholl the fine imposed for the eating of the grass (story of Mac Con), L. Cl. A. B. 62.89 .

Compds. ¤bann: smachtbhann .i. smachd dlighidh, O'Cl. tucsat s. imruma forra `a regular oar-stroke', CCath. 1931 . ¤cháin disciplinary law, sway : smachtchain . . . na hairdríghi Etalta, CCath. 288 . ar trebhurdaingne na smachtcána [sída] bói occo, 484 . robhaoí dna cóicceadh C. . . . fó s. síodha don dias `under the peaceable government', AFM vi 1934.15 . ¤chomartha sign of discipline : ar in cloich sin ro bói in smacht chomarta sida is fearr ro bói a nEirinn, Acall. 4467 `official test', SG ii 209 . ¤chumachtaid a keeper of discipline : smacht-cumachtaighi in tsída, Acall. 6900 v.l. ¤etaim (étaim?). According to Thurn., ZCP xiv 346 § 7 n . a fine or penalty of fixed amount : cenmotha smacht-etaim meth n-aigillne `neben der Tarif-Busse für die "Ausfälle" der Unfrei-Genossen', 386 § 51 = Laws ii 320.4 . See also under II (a) supra. ¤gille. Exact meaning not clear. Perh. pledge for payment of a fine or penalty (see Cóic Con. 63 , 75 f . ). Usually folld. by the attrib. gs. sechtmaid, and therefore prob. one-seventh of the fixed `smacht' ( Cóic Con. 9 ): s. .uii. maid na bo (.i. a n-urlaim coitcinn) fri cert, Cóic Con. 23 § 21 . glethir cert [co s]machtgilli ` cert wird mit einem s. (Siebentel-Unterpfand) geklärt', 20 § 12 . cid fotera . . . conid inunn in smachtgilli ria ṅgabail tacrai [┐] iar ṅgabail tacrai? `Tarif-busse-Unterpfand', 17 § 7 . Laws Comm. draws complicated distinctions between s. and other types of pledge: it cetheora fodlai fil for gellaib: langille, ┐ lethgille, triangille, ┐ s., Laws i 260.19 , and see p. 276 - 8 . In fasting (see troscud) apparently the pledge given by the debtor to the creditor as a guarantee that his claim will be attended to, and which brings the fast to an end: s. sechtmaidh do scur troisci im nesam, 276.6 Comm . s. ecinntecha do sgur troiscte, s. cinntecha ria mbreth, ┐ triangille iar mbreth, 23 Comm . na ceithri s.; s. sechtmaid do scur troisci feich nesaim toiscide urradais i nurfuigell ┐ s. sechtmaid i nuirfuigell i cain patraic, . . . s. sechtmaid do scur troisci i cain adomnain . . . s. sechtmaid ar treis don filid . . . Fuilledh risin s. sechtmaid co roib langille iar mbreithemnas, iii 324.1 ff . See ZCP xv 267 .

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