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ad-cí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-cí or dil.ie/391

Forms: ad-rodarcar, atchíu, adcíu, atchim, -accu, -accim, -airciu, -airchiu, adchí, atchí, -accai, -aci, adchí, adcíi, atobcí, adcí, asidcí, -aicci, adciam, adchiam, asidciam, -accam, -aciam, atchíd, -accid, adciat, -acat, -aiccet, adcither, adchither, -acastar, -accastar, -aicces- dar, ad-rodarcar, adroarcar, atchiter, -aicind, atchíd, asitchid, atcitis, atchíthe, -aictea, atcítis, ad-cear, atcheur, -accur, -accar, -aicer, -aiccither, -aiccther, -accadar, -acathar, -accamar, adced, adceter, -accatar, adcethar, atcethar, -accastar, -accaister, -arcastar, atcheind, -accinn, atchethe-su, madattceththae, madhcethea, adcheth, atchet, -aiced, -accad, adcethe, adchetis, -accaitis, adcethe, -aiccitis, -accus, condas-chichi, dom-chich, -accigi, at-chichset, -aiccichet, atatchigestar, atchichestár, atcichead, -aiciged, acciged, adcichitis, -acca, -acca, ad- cita-acae, -acae, -acce, -aicci, -accai, -accamar, -accatar, adchess, adchess, matcias, -aiccess, -acus, atchessa, -aicessa, atchondarc, atconnarcsu, atcondarccaisiu, atchonnarcaisthi, ad-condairc, adus-connarcmar, adchon- darcid, atcondarcatar, atchonnarctar, o'tchondarcatar, dochiu, dochim, -bhfaicim, -feicim, dochi, -ḟacci, -bhfaice, -feicenn, dochi, -acend, -fhaccend, -faic, dochiam, atchiamait, atciamaid, dochímíd, atchíthi, do-chíthí, -facthi, atcíat, atchíd, adchiad, dochíd, dochiat, -faicit, dociter, -aicter, -bhfaicthear, rocíter, nachataicim, faiceam, faicthear, do-chíodh, -faiceadh, adcíadhmais, -bfaicmís, -bfaicti, dochíthe, -faicte, -faictis, do-chear, -bhfaicear, -accar, -faccur-sa, -accara, -faccara, -accera, -acatar, -faicea, -facaid, -bhfaiceam, -acat, -faicit, -fhaicet, -feictea, atchised, -bhfaiceadh, -faicsimmis, -faicmis, -faictis, -aiciste, -haicesda, atchicera, atíchera, -aircechasa, adidracacha, atcichfe, chíchsiom, adachichis- thi, atichistisi, atchich- ither, -aicigther, atcithsead, chichsiodh, atchichesta, chíeabh, -aiciub, -feiceab, nodcífi, do-chífe, atchífir, dochifir, -faicfe, dochífe, -aicfe, -acébá, ḟaiccbe, -faccéga, -faigfe, -faicfe, -faicfid, attcífem, -faicfeam, dochífide, -faicfide, atchífit, docífitt, -ffaicfit, atcífider, -accfither, -aicfider, dochífear, adcíthfend, dochífeadh, atchífeadh, -aicfed, dochífidís, -faicfitis, itcífea, dacitfidhi, atconnac, dochunnuc, dochonnarc, idconnarcos, -facca, -faccu, -facus, -facadhas, atchonnarcais, ad- connacuis, daconncadais, atchonncais, doconncais, -faccais, -facadais, -acaghois, di- connairc, atchonnaic, rachonnaic, -facca, -faccae, -facae, -facai, -facaid, -accaig, -agaid, -facais, atchoncamar, choncamar, -facamar, atconncabar, -facabar, -faccabair, atconncatar, dochoncatar, -facadar, -acaiset, doces, doconnarcas, atcondcas, cunncus, condcas, -aices, -facas, -accas, -facus, -facessa, aicsiu, (f)aicsin

v sees. Frequ. (outside O. Ir. Glosses) at-c(h)í with meaningless infix. pron., in rel. with inf. pron. sometimes also as-. Prot. stem -a(i)cc-. In O. Ir. with depon. in- flexion in subj. pres. and with redupl. future. For active inflexion in subj. see Celt. Verb 138 . In pret. active prot. forms only are found, the conjunction co n- being used where no other conjunct particle is present (deuterotonic forms occur in pass.). In perf. deut. with root -derc- and perfective -com- (ad-condarc etc.). There is no special perf. form after conj. particles. Note also ad-rodarcar can be seen , Sg. 172a2 . In later lang. ad- (at-) is gradually replaced by do- and the conj. stem acquires inorganic f-, giving the forms do-chí, -faic-, both with b-fut.. In past tense the general independent form is ad-(do-) chonnai(r)c (from the perf.), the form after conj. particles -(f)ac(c)- (from the pret.), both with endings of the s-pret..

Early forms: Indic. pres. 1 s. atchíu, LU 4535 . adcíu (3 syll.), Arch. iii 297 § 46 . atchim, Ériu ii 166.50 . -accu, MU² 1011 (LU). -acciu, LU 5347 . -accim, 6117 . With ro, -airciu, 6213 (? leg. -airchiu, Thurn. Gramm. § 535b ). 2 s. adchí, Fél. Prol. 150 . atchí, IT i 81.18 . -accai, Ml. 17b17, 25b14 . -aci, Sg. 15b6 ; Thes. ii 21.37 . 3 s adchí, Wb. 4a25 . adcíi, 12c11 . atobcí, 25a26 . adcí, Sg. 149b6 . With inf. pron. 3 s. m. in rel. constr. asidcí, Ériu ii 208 § 27 . -aicci , Ml. 94c3 . 1 pl. adciam, Wb. 6a30 ; Ml. 16c5; 112b12 . rel. adchiam, Ml. 42b22; 112b13 . With inf. pron. 3 s. asidciam, Ml. 2b4 . -accam, Ml. 111d1 . -aciam, Thes. ii 31.23 . 2 pl. atchíd, LU 9987 . -accid, Ériu ii 106 § 19 . 3 pl. adciat, Ml. 69b2; 103b13 . -acat, 93d14 . -aiccet, LL 13853 . Pass. sg. adcither. Wb. 1b15 . adchither, 12c12 . -acastar, 25b28 . -accastar, 26a12 . -aicces- dar (-aiccestar v.l.), ACC § 34 . (See Ped. ii 488 and Thurn. Gramm. § 609 ). Note also ad-rodarcar, Sg. 172a2 . Laws i 230.11 Comm. adroarcar, O'C. 2294 ( Eg. 88, 22 (23)a) . Pl. atchiter, Ériu ii 106 § 19 .

Indic. impf. 1 s. -aicind, Met. Dinds. iii 310.84 . 3 s. atchíd, TBFr. 217 . With inf. pron. 3 s. in rel. constr. asitchid, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 91.16 ). 3 pl. atcitis, Mon. Tall. 147.14 (§ 52) . Pass. sg. atchíthe, LU 3452 ( SC § 23 ). -aictea, RC xlvi 239.3 . Pl. atcítis, CCath. 873 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. ad-cear, Thes. ii 293.6 . rel. atcheur, Ériu ii 89 § 2 . -accur, Fing. R. 95 . -accar, ZCP viii 120.16 . -aicer, TBFr. 21 § 22 . 2 s. -aiccither, Anecd. iii 57.19 . -aiccther, TBC² 1556 . at-ce-su Ériu xix 12 § 6 . 3 s. -accadar, Wb. 16d6 . Ml. 53a6 . -acathar, 68b9 . 1 pl. -accamar, TBFr. 195 . 2 pl. adced, Wb. 11b22 . 3 pl. (unless pass. pl.) adceter, Ml. 3a4 . -accatar, TBFr. 294 . Pass. sg. adcethar, Ériu iii 104 § 39a . atcethar, vii 150 § 20 . -accastar, Ml. 50a5 . -accaister, LU 6889 . ?With ro: -arcastar, O'Dav. 109 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. atcheind, TBC 4142 . -accinn, Trip.² 2436 . 2 s. atchethe-su, Trip.² 269 . (with má) madattceththae, IT i 144.21 = madhcethea, ZCP v 501.34 . 3 s. adcheth, Ml. 38c9 . atchet, Ériu v 30.17 . -aiced, LU 3733 . -accad, 4616 . 2 pl. adcethe, Wb. 19b6 . 3 pl. adchetis, BDD² 446 . -accaitis, Ml. 32d12 . Pass. sg. adcethe, Ml. 77d8 . Pl. -aiccitis, BDD² 627 .

Fut. 1 s. ?-accus, RC xii 110 § 167 . 2 s. condas-chichi (sic leg.: Liphi, see Thurn. Gramm. § 655 ), Ériu vi 122 § 6 . 3 s. ?dom-chich (domcife, cotomchichfea v.ll.), ACC § 143 ( RC xx 416 ). -accigi, Trip.² 1503 . 3 pl. at-chichset, Ériu iii 30 § 10 . -aiccichet, Trip.² 1841 . Pass. sg. atatchigestar, Ml. 59c12 . atchichestár, LU 2760 .

Cond. 3 s. atcichead, BDD² 125 . -aiciged, TBC² 813 = acciged, LU 5336 . 3 pl. adcichitis, Wb. 7a2 .

Pret. 1 s. -acca, IT i 120.24 . 2 s. -acca, Sc.M² § 11 . 3 s. ad- cita-acae, Tur. 60 . (see Thes. i 488 n. b ). -acae, Ériu ii 222.27 . -acce, BDD² 156 . -aicci , Trip.² 264 . -accai, 265 . 1 pl. -accamar, Mon. Tall. 148.6 (§ 55) . 3 pl. -accatar, Wb. 26b11 . Pass. sg. adchess, Wb. 23c11 . adchess, Ml. 96d1 . ?matcias, Mon. Tall. 141.27 (§ 36) . -aiccess, Thes. ii 253.2 (Stowe Missal). -accas, TBFr. 258 . -acus, BDD² 238 . Pl. atchessa, Thes. ii 354.9 (Hy. vii). -accassa, TBC² 1413 . -aicessa, LU 10058 .

Perf. 1 s. atchondarc, Ml. 113b6 . 2 s. atconnarcsu, LU 5142 = atcondarccaisiu, TBC² 659 . atchonnarcaisthi, Trip.² 223 . 3 s. ad-condairc, Thes. i 488.23 (Tur.) ad-chondairc, 493.21 (ib.). 1 pl. adus-connarcmar, BDD² 473 . 2 pl. adchon- darcid, Anecd. i 43.z . 3 pl. atcondarcatar, Laws ii 326.13 . atchonnarctar, Trip.² 1017 . o'tchondarcatar, 2641 .

Later forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. dochiu, Ó Bruad. ii 56.5 . dochim, ZCP vi 36.12 . -bhfaicim, -feicim, Acall. 6771 . DDána 6.6 2 s. dochi, CF 790 . -ḟacci, TBC 233 . -bhfaice, Keat. ii 5398 . -feicenn tú, ZCP vi 56.25 . 3 s. dochi, Lec. 185rb11 . -acend, LU 3988 ( SC § 45 ). -fhaccend, MU² 640 . -faic, ZCP vii 303 § 11 . 1 pl. dochiam, PH 8130 ; DDána 26.2 . atchiamait, Acall. 5555 . atciamaid, BNnÉ 60 § 77 . dochímíd, DDána 54.12 . 2 pl. atchíthi, Anecd. i 35.78 . do-chíthí, TSh. 2818 . -facthi, MU² 947 . 3 pl. atcíat, Acall. 1562 . atchíd, TSh. 753 . adchiad, DDána 31.16 . dochíd, 17.12 . dochiat, SG 346.12 . -faicit, PH 7740 . Pass. sg. dociter, RC xlix 9 § 4 . -aicter, Lism. L. 495 . -bhfaicthear, Keat. i 82.21 . rocíter, Marco P. 42 .

Ipv. 1 s. nachataicim, Lism. L. 2297 . 1 pl. faiceam, DDána 119.28 . Pass. sg. faicthear, 60.37 .

Indic. impf. 3 s. do-chíodh, TSh. 4225 . -faiceadh, Dán Dé vi 30 . 1 pl. adcíadhmais, Duan. Finn i 10.4 . -bfaicmís, O'Gr. Cat. 508.5 . 2 pl. -bfaicti, BNnÉ 67 § 103 . Pass. sg. dochíthe, Dán Dé xi 29 . -faicte, CCath. 897 . Pl. -faictis, Arch. iii 224.y .

Subj. pres. 1 s. do-chear, -bhfaicear, DDána 37.39 . -accar, ZCP viii 120.16 . -faccur-sa, TBC 4061 . 2 s. -accara, PH 4960 . 3 s. -faccara, 6006 . -accera, RC xiii 440.18 . 3 pl. -acatar, PH 1352 . With active endings. 3 s. -faicea, PH 7402 . -facaid, Maund. 261 . 1 pl. -bhfaiceam, DDána 81.19 . 3 pl. -acat, TBFr. 21 § 22 . -faicit, Acall. 2246 , -fhaicet, PH 7678 .

Subj. impf. 2 s. -feictea, ZCP vi 87.29 . 3 s. atchised, TTr.² 641 . -bhfaiceadh, DDána 37.38 . 1 pl. -faicsimmis, RC x 92.10 . -faicmis, IGT Decl. ex. 607 . 3 pl. -faictis, IT i 175.10 . Pass. sg. ?-aiciste, Ériu ii 106 § 16 (perh. to be referred to ad-guid). -haicesda, Lism. L. 2302 .

Fut. and condit. Traces of the reduplicated fut. remain, sometimes with endings of the b-fut. The b-fut. is however the usual formation. With reduplication 2 s. atchicera, Fing. R. 118 . atíchera, PH 1182 . With ro: -aircechasa, LU 6098 . ?adidracacha, O'Dav. 123 . 3 s. atcichfe, Anecd. ii 27.16 . 1 pl. do chíchsiom , Content. xxii 22 . 2 pl. adachichis- thi, TFrag. 180.8 . atichistisi, LB 223b19 . Pass. sg. atchich- ither, LU 3889 ( SC § 40 ). -aicigther, 6119 (TBC). atcithfither, Acall. 5362 . Condit. 3 s. atcithsead, MR 112.6 . do chichsiodh , Desid. 2147 . Pass. sg. atchichesta, RC xlvi 239.5 . (See also Aithd. D. Gloss.). Without reduplication. 1 s. do chíeabh , IGT Introd. 28.15. (§121) . -aiciub, IT i 80.8 . -feiceab, ZCP vi 85.15 . 2 s. nodcífi, Ériu viii 123.1 . do-chífe, DDána 66.4 . atchífir, Keat. iii 2800 . dochifir, BNnÉ 82 § 164 . -faicfe, DDána 6.6 . 3 s. dochífe, TSh. 1089 . -aicfe, ZCP viii 332.24 . -acébá, LU 309 = ḟaiccbe, RC xx 38.14 . -faccéga (-aigfe, -faigfe, v. ll.), TBC 5581 . -faicfe, Acall. 6310 . -faicfid, ZCP x 342 § 8. 1 pl. attcífem, ZCP viii 207.15 . -faicfeam, TSh. 8624 . 2 pl. dochífide, Dán Dé xxv 31 . -faicfide, Ériu v 242.166 . 3 pl. atchífit, Buile S. 6.3 . docífitt, -ffaicfit, BNnÉ 267 § 235 . Pass. sg. atcífider RC xxv 390 § 4 . -accfither, LL 14280 . -aicfider, Ériu ii 144 § 161 . dochífear, DDána 12.4 . Condit. 1 s. adcíthfend, Ériu iv 220.8 . 3 s. dochífeadh, TSh. 6056 . atchífeadh 6008 . -aicfed, Todd Lect. vii 6.68 . 3 pl. dochífidís, TSh. 305 . -faicfitis, Ériu ii 134 § 115 . Pass. sg. itcífea, Ériu ii 198.9 . dacitfidhi, Ir. Astr. Tr. 28.30 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. atconnac. MU² 745 . dochunnuc, ZCP vi 29.2 . dochonnarc, TSh. 4298 . idconnarcos, ML 4.19 . -facca, SR 1336 . -faccu, TBC² 870 . -facus, Maund. 260 . -facadhas, Desid. 430 . 2 s. atchonnarcais, LL 13591 . ad- connacuis, Lism. L. 1509 . daconncadais, ITS xiv 22.9 . atchonncais, Acall. 4612 . doconncais, 3320 . -faccais, 5143 . -facadais, Sc.M² § 11 . -acaghois, ZCP x 284.19 . 3 s. di- connairc, Ériu ii 15.19 . atchonnaic, TBC 3969 . rachonnaic, 2969 . -facca, 3374 . -faccae, 5099 . -facae, Mon. Tall. 155.11 (§ 67) . -facai, 135.5 (§ 22) . -facaid, 164.6 (§ 88) . -accaig, TBC 2827 . -agaid, Aen. 1396 . -facais, RC xxiv 196.14 . 1 pl. atchoncamar, LU 2331 . do choncamar , 3 C 19, 6 va17 . -facamar, St. Ercuil 2017 . 2 pl. atconncabar, PH 1711 . -facabar, 3360 . -faccabair, Acall. 5770 . 3 pl. atconncatar, Laws iii 168.8 Comm. dochoncatar, PH 6295 . -facadar, TBC² 311 . -acaiset, ZCP x 410.15 . Pass. sg. doces, RC xvii 416.30 . doconnarcas, ZCP ii 552.8 . atcondcas, Ériu iii 196 § 12 . do cunncus , RC xii 332 § 24 . ra condcas , TBC 2748 . -aices, -facas, IT iii 189.11, 12 . -accas, LL 14172 . -facus, Lism. L. 3804 . Pl. -facessa, TBC 5009 .

Vn. aicsiu, (f)aicsin, etc. IGT Verbs § 4 .

(a) sees, notices, observes: atobcí side `he perceives you', Wb. 25a26 . ní aicci ní lia mescai `he sees nothing for his drunkenness', Ml. 94c3 . do soí dond orient conaci a næscae, Thes. ii 21.37 . isin domnach atcess in cétna sollsi in lái. Ériu ii 198.1 . ranic iath nad adaig aiccesdar (aiccestar, accestar, acastar v. ll.) `he reached the country where night is not seen', ACC 34 ( RC xx 172 ). con-idn-acar ┐ co nidn-arladar that I may see him, Ir. Texts i 13 § 40 . ni facaid deilb ┐ ni cumman lais ní do faicsin, Mon. Tall. 164.6 (§ 88) . nach álaind atchíd ba háildiu lee Fróech do acsin, TBFr. 217 . nā tēig, co n-aiccther in frithi fonnuar-sa, TBC² 1556 . dorala . . . do M. condacaid aislingi, Trip.² 220 . amail boí sí and conḟacaig in lochtobur, RC vi 174.26 . ní confacus beó aéin neich diobh osin alle, FM vi 2092.5 . do chibh mo Shlanaigtheoir maille rium, ITS xxix 185.3 . rí na ndúl cá chuin do-chear / an dún i bhfuil go bhfaicear, DDána 37.39 . With various prepp.: arnachab-accastar as tír that you may not be seen from land, BDD² 435 . atcess immorro asin Temraig inni sin moreover that thing was seen from Tara, Anecd. iii 34.9 . telach ása n-acastar in tuath fri Luimnech antuaith, Trip.² 2412 . adcí . . . uad debrad na diadachta he sees in the distance . . . Arch. iii 245 § 24 . ro-chidisium uathib . . . tigi arda, Celt. Rev. x 106.16 . Folld. by clause: atcondarccaisiu (atconnarcsu, LU) . . . indus imatiag-sa in lind, TBC² 659 . co n-aiced immar ita / in tech mór atchonnarcsá, LU 3733 . tabhair an taiplis don tigh / gu faicmis amhail imrid, IGT Decl. ex. 607 . With preposition indicating motion: co n-accatar C. . . . is' tech they saw C. coming into the house, Sc.M² § 15 . intan docunncus Fechín docum in dūnaid `when F. was seen coming . . .', RC xii 332 § 24 . atací in slóg cucu tarsa mag, TBC² 1440 . ó 'tchóndairc epscop Mél P. cuce día chairigud, Trip.² 982 . nir airigedur Cenel Conaill iat co facadur chuctha iat, Ann. Conn. 1247.7 . Cf. an tan atchídís ag triall chuca é, Keat. iii 1591 .

(b) Of mental processes perceives, discerns, realizes: ma adced torbe inna thect `if you should see profit in so going', Wb. 11b22 . da faicea ainfhis . . . ann a múnad, PH 7402 . truagh nach bfacas libh bhar locht, Irish Review 1912 472 § 11 . atchíu rogabsat ar clanna ililtiugud, ZCP viii 318.31 . mar dobínn 'ga gruaidh gelbuic / docím úaim nach indermaid looking back I perceive that the treatment I got with him . . . is not to be forgotten(?), Prolegomena 45 § 24 . do citer corob i cuis in fiabrusa dlegar do leiges ar tuis, RC xlix 9 § 4 .

(c) Pass. in sense of appears, seems (DO to): atchessa fiad lucht na netarnade comtis aige alta they seemed to those lying in ambush to be wild deer, Thes. ii 354.9 (Hy. vii). ge daciter gorob maille Saturnus nan re . . . as comtrom a ngluasacht though Saturn appears to be slower than the moon their motion is equal, Ir. Astr. Tr. 114.16 . an tan bis an taer dorea tiugh ┐ docitear cum feartana e ┐ nach denann hi, 3 C 19 , 20 ra9 . atchíthe dó i n-aslingi innas ind ḟir no rígfaide and, LU 3452 ( SC 23 ). is amlaidh doces do mac Gilla Lughan iat, RC xvii 416.31 . doces do muinntir co n-erbalus it seemed to people that I died, Todd. Nenn. 210.4 . atcess dóib . . . múr na Rómae the wall of Rome appeared to them, B Colm. 78.19 . atces doib tor oir for an muir, Leb. Gab. 72.14 . do condcuss sin dó ina spiraid, gin go faca sé o suilib corpardha é, BCC 362.5 . mar do connarcas d'uaislibh Éireann an dochar do bhí ag teacht, Keat. i 66.19 . doconncus doibh a oirett shin ele d'airde do beith ann, BNnÉ 71 § 121 . pecadh aga bhfaicther dhó maith éigin do bheith ann a sin in which it seems to him there is some good, O'Hussey T.C. 181.5 . do connarcus don Pháirlement gurab annteasbach bídh ┐ éadaigh do-rin sin uile, PCT 1677 . Note also: is mar sin dociter Galen aga tuicsin so G. seems to understand it, 3 C 19, 219 ra14 . By extension seems good to (cf. Lat. videtur): cidh anaill atcither duit acht a marbad? what else seems good to you except to kill them? Anecd. ii 12.18 . créad fa bhfacas dhíbh . . . na braighde . . . do chongbháil i ngéibheann, Maguires of F. 55 . déanaidh mar chífighthear dhíbh, 74 . dochonnarcus do'n Spiorad Naomh . . . gan ualach do chur orraibh . . . (visum est Spiritui sancto, Act. xv 28 ) Eochairsg. 14.26 . do connarcus don ōigh . . . eachtra . . . in tsēipēil . . . d'foillsiughadh . . . don naomh-priōir `it seemed good to her to make known', Fl. Earls 114.33 . do-connarcas damh trácht ar éiclipsigh na gréine it seemed good to me to treat of eclipses of the sun, Corp. Astron. 152.4 . do chonncas dhúinn . . . an leabhrán-sa do sgríobhadh, Mac Aingil 50 .

(d) Occas. in sense of do-écci, fégaid: o do conncamair do leighiusaibh uilidhi . . . na ptisisi since we have treated of, 3 C 19, 129 vb23 . da facaid le feirg no le fich ar duine if he look angrily at, Maund. 261 .

aicce

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aicce or dil.ie/753

n , f.

(a) nearness, proximity: a.¤ ab accula (leg. accola , Meyer, ZCP xiii 185 ), O'Mulc. 13 . ?rom gab B. . . . cucai for aicci (aicti v.l.) a treibe cor ferad mo théchtae oca because of the nearness of his people(?), Comp.Con C. 29.12 ( LU 10289 ) (cf. 1 aicde?). In phrase i n-aicci near, beside: his i nn-accai muilenn echtránd no beitis co bráth, Trip.² 2456 . co mbeth mís i n-acci cech fir díb, LL 315b53 . a naici a namat gl. a namait naici, 393a44 . eirigh ar h'ech ┐ cuir in t-ech maith-so a t'aici `take . . . beside thee', ZCP vi 73.34 . airc an Tighearna . . . ┐ an cófra do bhí na haice, 1 Sam. vi 15 . ceiltear neimh glaice gonta / libh i n-aice th' óghachta `in presence of thy virginity', Aithd. D. 59.32 . aice .i. i n-aice. Acall araice Teamhair .i. in aice Teamhrach atá, O'Cl. See ar-aicci . besides, in addition to: geanmnaidheacht i n-aice umhla, PBocht i 6 . is beag an tiomsughadh laidhnea fhogh- nus a n-aice an bhromurruis nadurtha very little Latin suffices if added to . . ., 23 I 1, 109 .y . guin an chló do-chuaidh 'n-a throighidh / trom re híoc i n-aice ar ngníomh, DDána 30.11 . ? Also ina aicci in a short while (?): níba hannsae duit són … ’na aicci 'that will not be difficult for you [to know] presently' Immrama 50.837 , ZCP xxxii 121 . With follg. LA: nec[h] ris ar b[f]iu each do breith inaci leis who thought it worth while to bring a led horse with him, Cog. 132.11 . As adv.: ech acam dúib i n-aicce `I have a horse for you hard by', Met. Dinds. iii 454.49 .

(b) fosterage: hore is na n-aicci atái since it is fostered with them that thou art (`near them', Thes., see O. Ir. Par. and Glosses, 3rd and 4th edd., Vocabulary), Wb. 5b27 . altrom a meic eter [t]heora a.¤ , BDD² 105 . atnoad (ailed, v.l.) Con- chubur . . . ol is cét-a.¤ Finnchóem, Comp. Con C. 8.17 (text?). icht aicce (.i. gnim) ar iss i n-aicci bis in descipul icon aidi, Auraic. 1112 (cf. ZCP xvii 289.21 ) = Corm. Y 88 . bi a mic inmhuin . . . i n-aice do braithrech co mba seitrech (a dying father to his youngest son), LL 386b24 . atat dano da mbaegal naltrama baegal donn athair dia rogha laim dia mac iarna tabairt i naice corop altar manip deithberus, H 3.18, 19aw . dianduca as cin dethbeirus nimbera isin naice sin aitherrach, z. aice .i. aiti nó altrum, ut est urail coimperta i sóaici sochrait . . . ┐ aderr fos trian n-airir i tres n-aici, O'Dav. 137 . aici .i. ucht, ut est conad ragbad mac nó ingen de asa aici, 63 . log na haici, O'C. 1989 (H 4.22, 25). aice .i. oileamhain, O'Cl.

aiccid, accaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aiccid, accaid or dil.ie/760

n tenant, farmer(?): atrocratar acaide in tire leis, CCath. 2901 . accaidi do gabhail, 1227 . muintir Rabhar- taigh . . . Coloman an Sgríne ┐ acaid[e] rígh ó bhFhiachrach, Hy Fiachr. 172.3 . acaidheadha .i. aittreabthaigh nó tionónt- aige, O'Cl. Freq. found in association with the name Fiachu, youngest son of Cathaír Mór: attreib Cathāir / cōecait mbliadne būanḟlaith / a.¤ Fiacha fīrmaith / flaith ḟechair ḟūam- daith F. was a peasant, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 17 § 16 . sil Fiachach ba ha.¤ , Rawl. 124a22 . Fiachu ba ha.¤ can as roainmniged, 36 . Cathaer Mar mandrad Brega / Fiachu fer ba haicceda, 83a48 . Fiaca Baiccida .i. ba ha.¤ .i. in aicce a brathar, BB 253b4 . Fiachu baccid, LL 315b54 . ro bai [Fiacha] . . . a [bh]fail a bhráithreach . . . conidh de sin ro lil F. Fa hAicidh de ar a bheith a n-aicci a bhráithreach, BR 202.y . Cf. 1 aicde?

? 2 aice

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 2 aice or dil.ie/775

n a.¤ .i. ucca, togha no mían, O'Cl. Prob. from mis- understanding of uccu .i. aicci a ōenar atā sē, Corm. Y 1295 .

aircsiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aircsiu or dil.ie/1786

n vn. of ar-aicci . act of looking on. In Laws technical term for the negligence or indifference of a spectator who suffers an illegal act to be performed in his presence, and thereby incurs a certain liability, Ériu xii 81 n. dingaibh cen faill cen airgsiu, 80.22 ; 'without indifference' Ériu xii 81 . atach no aircsi no taircsi dligid . . . ised is aircsi and .i. faicsin na comairce re cois in uair sin no reime, O'C. 2034 (H. 4.22, fo. 57a). mas ar comairce atat na daine resa ndernadh in foghail . . . is aircsi ┐ atach ┐ taircsiu dligidh du riagail i lleith risin com- airghe ann, O'D. 2352 ( Rawl. B 506 fo. 40a ). atach ┐ aircsi ┐ taircsin dligid ag dilsech, atach ┐ aircsin ag indilsech ┐ nocho nfuil taircsin, O'C. 1485 ( H. 3.18, p. 662b ). cetharda dhaoras gach flaith . . . baos ┐ uaiti ┐ anglonnas ┐ aircsi ar is . . . aititnech gach aircsinach, 2292 ( Eg. 88 fo. 22(23)a ). fiach sula suidhe gu trian tresairgsi .i. is é in tres ni asa fuil fiach dunacathi air, beith aga fechain ┐ faill naididin legu go lighi, 1002-3 ( H. 3.18, p. 427b ). di aircsiu di aititiu, Laws i 64.7 . ni dilsigar airgse na haitidiu iudail (= iubail) na tren-lide neirt, v 496.4 . ni fuil airgsiu na aididiu itir fine imaneitir manib uile .i. braithirsi, O'D. 1960 ( Eg. 90, fo. 7(8)b ). ni fil a[i]rcsiu na aititiu eter brathraib na finibh fri faenel flaithemhnais, ZCP xii 365.3 . fir oircsin (leg. aircsen, ed.), 361.24 . ?nech aircsiu nó nech airgiu neo[ch] in fia[ch] aithgeine .i. nocha n-airgither o neoch sin ní is mó inas fiu na haithgina, O'Dav. 934 . duine caithce . . . fothla ┐ an ┐ a.¤ , Laws iv 146.17 Comm. airgsiu, 98.18 Comm. lethsét a tairrecht no aircsin gan a rér (in a list of fines etc. due to a lord), O'D. 511 ( H. 3.17, c. 415 ). See also under airgsin.

ar-aicci

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-aicci or dil.ie/3947

Forms: aircsiu

v (*ar-ad-cí) (a) observes, witnesses: nech aridaccai `any one who witnesses it', Cáin Ad. 35 . fer tailge a ceathra a nathbothar a ceile no ar-do-aice and, Laws v 464.7 (`the man who lets his cattle into the winter grass of his neighbour or who observes them there', Ériu ix 113 ). tigradus cach sellaig (sic leg.) ar-aice midenum .i. intan atcí nech mil oc dul i nocus do chuithe, O'C. 328 (H 3.18, 180b) ( ZCP xv 344 ). ardosfaicce (atchi v.l.) ri O. . . . iar ndenam a n- aittreib `the king of O. observed them . . . after they had built their dwellings', Y Cymmrodor xiv 114 § 14 . Achall araicci (sic leg., Corr.) Temair which confronts T., Met. Dinds. i 46.1 , 20 (cf. conid i nAchaill ar Themair ro boí, LU 4378 ). Cf. for-aicci .

Vn. aircsiu.

? atha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? atha or dil.ie/4603

n a cuic taidhbe .i. fogail ┐ fuigill ┐ imguin ┐ a.¤ ┐ feimed a cobra, O'C. 2311 ( Eg. 88, 24(25)a ). fa gheasaib a.¤ ┐ aidhm- hillte, Oss. iii 54.20 . ? gol ard con a.¤ aicci / dar cuired cath confaiti, SG 96.24 ( Acall. 102 ).

brethnaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brethnaigid or dil.ie/6765

Forms: brethnugad

v (breth)

(a) judges, decides, examines, determines : is ed do brethnighedar nach facadar riamh nech budh āille inā E., ML² 581. do réir ecna ┐ eolusa no brethnaig-som cach, CF 73.8 . bendacht Dé ar in sruth / nār brethnaig do bás `that has not determined', BColm. 16 § 14. ro breith- naigustar Sencha asa cetbreithemnus in techtugad banda amuil ín techtugad ferda `S. adjudged', Laws iv 16.4 Comm. is trite (sc. Muire) do bhrethnaidh mhe slainte an chinidh daenna d'oibriughadh (= decernere, Gloss.), Smaointe B. Chr. 197. on cluais conuic an inchinn noch brethnaiges idir an fogar is mo ┐ in fodar is luga `which distinguishes between', Ir. Astr. Tr. 154.28 . do bhreathnuigh (sic leg.) A. . . . an Cineadh Iúdaigheach . . . do dhithcheannadh, Eochairsg. 87.10 . ro brethnaidh (sic leg. for bernaidh) an aisling interpreted the vision, Grail 2196 .

(b) thinks of, plans, designs: ro brethnaigh-siumh aicci fein dol dia fis can as tainic an dellrad . . . sin `he made up his mind to go', Grail 3772 . do brethnaighetar . . . na hedaighe sin do bhreith leo, L.Chl. Suibhne 6. do brethnaighetar na carthanail do bí faris an Papa an cros do togbail, BCC 215.

(c) observes, considers, meditates, reflects (with AR upon): ann dobrethnaig Finn file / . . . / céilide 'ca cháim-ṡethair (sic leg.) `noticed' (Gloss.), Met. Dinds. iii 56.5 . breathnuigh cia an saidhbhir (= vide . . . quis dives), TSh. 7732. duine bhreathnuigheas a ghnúis a sgáthan `who beholds his count- enance in a glass' (James i 23), Donl. 220.16 . brethnaighi- maid-ne gurab d'Eoin suibhisgel do-rindedh hi (sc. mirbuil na baindsi) (= meditare, Gloss.), Smaointe B. Chr. 1525. gur bhreathnaighset a mharbhadh fo chettóir `who meditated', FM iii 634.17 . breathnuighim 'na dhiaigh sin an ghráin . . . atá ag Dia ar an bpeacadh-sa, Desid. 1128.

Vn. brethnugad.

See brethaigid, brithemnaigid.

cen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cen or dil.ie/8581

Forms: cin, can, gen, gin, gan, chen, cen suidib, cen(a)e, cena, cenut, c(h)enae, cenuib, cenaib, c(h)ene, c(h)ena(e), ceni, cheana, cenae, cenco

later cin, can, gen, gin, gan (usual modern form). Prep. with accus., leniting. See Thurn. Gramm. 111 , 273 , 501 . chen, Sg. 75a1 , 78b2 , 147b3 (so also chen(a)e (see below) regularly in Sg. as against c- in Wb. and Ml., see Thes. ii 154 ). With dat. cen suidib, Ml. 20d3 , and cf. cenaib with 3 pl. suff. pron. below. With accus. in class. lang.: a bheith gan bhú (: chlú), O'R. Poems 252 . In later Vn. constructions of the type: gan an bás . . . do dhol, TSh. 2703 takes noun in nom. (`takes art. + noun in the form of nom., as verbs do', TSh. Gloss.). See TD 3.15 and note. Duan. Finn iii s.v. gan.

For usage of late MSS. in matter of follg. lenition see Aithd. D. s.v. gan. cuiridh `gan' séimhioghadh, gion go ttuigthear do gháoidheilg ┐ gion go habuirthear (sic) d'ogham é, IGT Introd. § 7 . In class. lang. does not prefix t to ṡ, §§ 67 , 70 . Note alliteration in: mé gan ṡeise ó ṡain a-nall, DDána 77.3 , gan ḟolta gan imreasainn, 70.16 .

With suff. pron. in O.Ir. only (apart from 3 s. cen(a)e, cena, for which see below), and rare even here with no forms occurring for 1 s. and pl. 2 s. cenut, Wb. 6b25 . 3 s. m. and n. c(h)enae. 2 pl. cenuib, Wb. 9c2 . 3 pl. cenaib, Ml. 20d4 . Later with follg. indep. pron. (in 3 pers. é, í, iat).

Orig. on this side of (see Thurn. Gramm. 501 , Ped. ii 197 ), hence apart from, besides etc. (see I(a) and III below). The usual meaning at all stages of the language is without, deprived of, not having, -less. Freq. with follg. Vn. with which, in its verbal function, it serves as neg. particle (see II).

I

(a) apart from, besides, except : atá brithem and cenutsu gl. omnes enim stabimus ante tribunal Dei, Wb. 6b25 . atá brithem lasuidib cenuib-si gl. Deus iudicabit, 9c2 . tāthut bith[ḟ]laith . . . / cen a tír i fail do rúaim apart from, Hail Brigit 26 . cé atchetha óinchairptech / . . . / fil mór d'echaib . . . / cen suidi (-e, v.l.) nad aicci-siu besides him, Im. Brain 39 . ni ettis nech cena domanches except in the case of, LU 3488 ( SC 26 ). i n-atconnarc . . . / bes atcoad cena slúag in the absence of his army(?), 3323 ( SC 11 ). cen airitin a cobsen `short of receiving his confession', Mon. Tall. 147.30 .

(b) without, not having, -less (of things, objects, persons): buith cenchlaind, Ml. 23d12 . buith cen chomaccomla, 28d6 . buid cen sétchi, Wb. 10a17 . cen intertpersin, Sg. 161a4 . ni farcbad nech cen dire la Fēne, BCrólige 56 . ro sai cen usci `returned without water', RC xxiv 198.11 . nī anab gan é fēin, Fianaig. 80.4 . bheith don Bhanbha gan bhuachail, TD 10.19 . cin cennaib, cin tsúilib, Maund. 174 .

(c) With noun as in (b) and follg. prep. indicating position, accompaniment, possession: cennech n indib són `without anyone in them', Ml. 131d7 . cenchaille fora ciunn, Wb. 11c9 . cengutai ṅetarru, Sg. 7a4 . cen chonsin re n-os , 105b5 . cen- briathra leo, 215a6 . cona rabi aithles . . . cen mac i n-inad a athar, MU² 133 . gan cheó ortha acht aghaidh each, TD 11.12 .

(d) With abstracts (incl. vnn.): cennach n-astud, Ml. 15a15 . cen fodrúbu gl. sine deflexionum moris, 22a6 . cennach n-indlach gl. sine ulla interruptione, 32a1 . centosach cenfor- cenn, 110d15 . cen chumsanad gl. sine intermisione, Wb. 25c23 . trechosc conacarbi cenchinta, 27c6 . cen ḟortacht indanmma aili (with subj. gen.), Sg. 30a2 . eitir codlad ┐ cen cotlatt `whether he be asleep or awake', Mon. Tall. 152.4 . dia lleictir can imcoimet `if (such women) be let go without guarding', BCrólige 37 . In sense of unimpaired by, untroubled by etc. see LU 2294 - 99 ( FA 35 ). cen nach tairmesc netir, Hib. Min. 9.279 . bás . . . cen bethaid, PH 4320 . tilid Éirinn gan ainimh, TD 10.11 . 'n-a adhbar rīg gan [fh]resabra, ML² 30 . gan í without it (umhla), RSClára 158a . gan iad, 104b . gan amhrus undoubtedly , Párl. na mB. 6 . gan mhoill immediately , 164 .

(e) With fis: cen fius scél uáibsi `without tidings from you', Wb. 25a5 . cenfius dúib, 25c4 . cen ḟis cen airḟis, Anecd. i 3.8 ( SCano 50 ). cen a fis doibsom `without their knowledge', Mon. Tall. 146.31 . gan fhios do féin unknown to himself, unwittingly , Párl. na mB. 1385 . gurab gan fhios do ionnsuidh Samson na Filistínigh unexpectedly , TSh. 767 .

(f) Freq. in verse in chevilles and quasi-adj. phrases: ind fir cen uaill, Blathm. 13 . slóig Íssu cen escur, Fél. Prol. 63 . regmi cen nach díchiul, 291 . ceithre fedha, fāth gin gheis . . . , ZCP viii 107.10 . slōg ōss a ucht cen nach socht, 108.15 .

(g) With abstr. and follg. preposition: cen fortacht nachaili oco, Ml. 53a9 . cenfochraic n dam gl. infructuosse, 91b5 . cenchol, fair, 93d1 . nā bī gan gart at gnīomh nglē, ZCP viii 109.9 . cen smacht ríg forro, LU 3441 ( SC 21 ). ó dho bhí tuigse . . . ag an duine . . . ┐ gan í anois aige, TSh. 2909 . dia mbeth gan do righe la C. acht na nai righa . . . `if C. had no realm save . . . ', ZCP i 402.19 .

II In a variety of constructions with vnn.

(a) With Vn. with verbal force, the whole phrase having the value of an adj. or adv.: nísechmalfam ní and centadal, Ml. 25a3 . canim[ebol] lib ambuid [li]b cenprecept doib ref. to ignoran- tiam enim Dei quidam habent, Wb. 13c17 . it cairigthi inmaicsi et intuistidi cendethidin dissi `when they do not take care of her', 28d22 . cen tairmthecht opersin dialaili gl. intransitiuum, Sg. 189a7 . uar rombi ind fit . . . cin cumscugud, Mon. Tall. 147.14 . téora bliadna doib . . . cen teacht as, Anecd. i 11.24 ( SCano 356 ). fada an treimhse ataid re a chois / gan tocht dá dtíribh, TD 4.38 . soinend no doinend na haimsire do bidh gan techt, BCC 416.18 . fá h-ár gan áireamh it was a slaughter incalculable, ML 130.24 .

(b) With Vn. and obj. gen.: cenaéitsecht gl. non . . . audire, Ml. 21b11 . batrom foraib són centíchtain átíre fadesin they were distressed at not reaching their own land, 34d12 . cen foraithmet ananmae . . . dam gl. ut etiam uocabula eorum obliuioni tradam, 37c13 . cen a chomallad gl. sub Lege (fuerunt), 76a15 . cid atobaich cendílgud cech ancridi gl. quare non magis iniuriam accipistis? Wb. 9c20 . cena aetarcne riam gl. sine praeiudicio, 29a20 . cenacomol naich aili do gl. `ipse' quoque in tertia persona per se, Sg. 197b17 . cen imcabáil . . . cum nobis do epirt, 203a8 . cia beith cen (gin, MS) gabáil n-orbai, Críth Gabl. 69 . cen a coisecrad `without being reconsecrated', Mon. Tall. 153.15 . ō ro-gabus gāi im láim nad-raba cen guin duini I have never failed to slay a man, Sc. M² 16 . bi gan a thabairt do not swear it (an oath), PH 7343 . gan oba gliadh, TD 26.40 .

(c) With follg. noun or pron. and prep. DO with Vn. (for case of noun in later lang. see above): foilsigthi feisin cen ainm dothórmuch fris `without the addition of a noun to it', Sg. 211a8 . ma ro látar ce[n] ní do ḟacbáil leo, Ériu xvii 66 § 4 . afuine . . . / cenachnáma dobrissiud, SR 3904 . in fer nār c[h]otail énoidchi ríam gan maithes Gall da innluccud da dúintib, ZCP viii 111.13 . ata recht ocaind .i. cen luige do thabairt, PH 2684 . can T. . . . do thegmail dó, TTebe 987 . gan é d'áireamh oramsa, TD 14.9 . Similarly, without vn.: trágh. ráth . . . , inann ┐ so sís acht gan so sís do bainindscne except that the following are not feminine, IGT Decl. § 38 . gan mé aniogh san mhín mhaighrigh since I am not(?), Studies 1921, 568 § 23 . With follg. acht in sense of except that, only , etc.: gan acht coibhche . . . do dháil di `provided he gave her a marriage-portion', Keat. ii 4642 . gan é acht i naois óiglenaib still of tender years, O'Gr. Cat. 381.13 . gan acht neart aoidheadh orra, Content. xxx 26 . do-ghéubha tú sail ad tshúil féin 's gan achd brodh a súil Pharaon only a mote, Mac Aingil 904 .

In a number of exx. in the early lang., and with increasing frequency in the later, the clause introduced by cen assumes the character of a nominal clause functioning as the subject or object of a verb, as a case governed by a preposition, and occasionally even as a genitive depending on a noun. For class. lang. see the analysis in TSh. s.v. gan.

(d) As subject of a verb: isingir lem cenchretim dúib, Wb. 4b28 . isaithiss doibsom cid anísiu .i. cenprecept dondaís anfiss their failure to preach . . . discredits them, 13b11 . cen buith i bar ṅgnáissi / is mór fodom-glúassi, Fél. Ep. 375 . ba imned la F. cen acallaim na ingine F. was anxious to speak with the girl, TBFr. 155 . fonascar fair can tudecht, LU 5943 . mad dia m-beith at cumang, a ben, ol C., in ghein fil fat bruindi gan a breith có abhárach, RC vi 175 § 55 . ba dogessib conculainn cenadall fulachta diachathim, iii 176.17 . ba col cen a choemna not to protect him, Gorm. March 15 . ata is-in recht cen mnái do gabail i fhiadnaise, PH 2794 . nár dhamhsa gan dol red chois, TD 14.32 . an cóir gan síodh d'fhagháil uadh? Aithd. D. 63.5 . is truag duind gan E. acar n-imdidin, St. Ercuil 745 .

(e) As object: fobithin adrimet som deit su armelacht cen arṅ ditin ni `not to protect us', Ml. 129d22 . madh ro achtaigh cín ar, ┐ rohairedh, Laws iv 132.25 . fonaiscid C. forrosom cen curadmir do chosnam, LU 9025 ( FB 77 ). na lécob d'Ultaib cen taidecht lim, MU² 182 . foracaib . . . can a n-uilc do dígail dóib, LU 3117 (see Duan. Finn iii 8 - 9 ). cid fodera . . . cen Crist do-t furtacht-su? PH 738 . asbert an file fris cen ní don bradan do tomailt, RC v 201.23 . gan chrích Néill fút ná fulaing, TD 6.16 . do cheannuigh Dia . . . / gan mo bheith i mbrugh Ifeirn, Dán Dé v 45 . mar do chonn-cadar cliatha na Cruithnigh gan iad féin líon cathuighthe ris that they were not strong enough to fight him, Keat. ii 1779 . orduigh- mid . . . gan labhairt dona Sethrachaibh `that the Sisters keepe silence', RSClára 102b .

(f) With vbs. of forgetting, preventing , etc. the prep. merely reinforces the meaning of the main verb: arnabé anfochell leu cenatlugud buide diasoirad so that they may not neglect to return thanks, Ml. 117b7 . cenasechim gl. uestigia relinquere, Sg. 30a20 . rothairmisc . . . in scel sin fa P. . . . gan sid re brathair, TTebe 2767 . a Bhē-binn, bean ar do mac / gan mhnāi trīallfas dó tochmarc, ZCP xiii 167.1 . léigfeamaoid dínn . . . gan teacht tarsa, TSh. 294 `which we shall avoid treat- ing of', Gloss. tug i ndearmad gan maith na n-Éireannach do mhaoidheamh he has forgotten to, Keat. i 56.25 . nīr dhermait . . . in doirseóir gan in custam d'iarraidh ┐ d'fagáil `the keeper did not neglect demanding and receiving it', Fl. Earls 90.5 . Cf. Ml. 25a3 cited under (a).

(g) As case governed by prep.: tré gan rabhadh do chur dho through failing to warn him, Content. xvi 71 . fá gan fearthuinn do dheanadh, Donl. 440.30 . déinig faire . . . chum gan tuitim a ttemptásion so as not to enter into temptation, Párl. na mB. 789 . maille ré gan é d'fhaigsin, TSh. 6387 .

(h) As gen.: d'easbaidh gan an creideamh do bheith aca because they have no faith, TSh. 4784 (where gan merely reinforces meaning of easbhaidh). The phrase introduced by gan is technically gen. also in: rún do ghlacadh gan tuitim to resolve not to fall, Donl. 448.19 .

III With suff. pron. 3 s. m. n. c(h)ene, c(h)ena(e), ceni, cheana (usual mod. form). On O.Ir. cene, cenae see Ped. i 346 . In class. verse may be stressed or unstressed, Aithd. D. 25.19n.

(a) In more or less literal sense in addition to it, without him or it, besides, apart from this. As shown by occas. exx. of cenae referring to f. or pl. nouns the word had even in O.Ir. begun to have the force of an indep. adv. besides, in addition, moreover, anyway . In literal sense: huare is lán chiall indib chenae gl. uerba non egent casu, Sg. 140b3 . ní laimtis cena they dared not omit to do it, Sc.M² 20 , cf. ní étaim-sea chena I cannot help it (gan a dheanamh, v.l.), TBC 6080 . cía nocarainn cách chenae besides him, Liad. and Cuir. 24.21 . nícon bíad cenae, 24 `without him . . . it will not live', Murphy Lyrics 35.10 . ceni beth nach aili isin tig cenae acht hé a oenur, BDD² 1086 `any other save he', Gloss. ní fuil aurlabraidi . . . leo chenae besides him, MU² 986 .

(b) In more general sense: cenitormastar homéit istrom cenae ho aicniud in any case, Ml. 20a20 . bamór fechtae cenae `there were many times besides', 39a3 . legi enim Dei non est subiecta (of sapientia carnis) .i. atá dethiden fuiri cene `besides', Wb. 3d34 . barafie dúib darígente cene cenimmormus nachmór, 11d5 . apronomen asberr eiusdem ┐ cach pronomen dono chene `besides', Sg. 203b1 . os me chene am faelid `I too', Thes. ii 293.25 . at-béla chenaeo (sic), BDD² 1438 `in any case', Gloss. sáeilim nem cena I am looking forward to heaven as it is, BColm. 68.22 .

Following f. and pl. nouns: ni reccar ales dano epistle uáibsi arrofitemmar cene `without it' (ref. to epistil, f.), Wb. 15a5 . runsluinfemni didiu cene fanisin (ref. to epistolis), 15a4 . etar fileda ┐ áis ṅdénma sairse chenae `and other artists', Sg. 212a11 . atethatár eóin damsa chena other birds will be caught for me, LU 3276 ( SC 7 ). ní lamhat eonu na fiadhmhilu cena beth for an sliab sin `nor other wild animals', ZCP i 254.6 .

(c) Hence of actions and states of being already, previously : nírecat . . . les tintuda . . . ataat iltintudai leu cene, Ml. 3a14 . tanice-side céne `He hath come already', Wb. 4d26 . adib eolaig and cene, 33c19 . ar biid iouis cene nominatiuo , Sg. 99a3 . ar ní thucad dó chena hí, LU 3168 . ag feoilgherradh in ridiri ata marbh chena, St. Ercuil 758 . cheana `alwaies' (= hitherto, Ed.), RSClára 81a . ? Cf. cheana no archeana .i. o sin amach, O'Cl.

(d) More vaguely as adv. of asseveration moreover, indeed, of a truth, then, so (see PH, TSh.): ni réid chene, Sg. 238b1 . saībse, céni, i m-bith chē, Im. Br. 45 `moreover', Murphy Lyrics 39.13 . ní boí isin bith frisa samailte chena there was indeed nothing with which it could be compared, LU 3378 ( SC 16 ). ceist cena . . . cid as áil dúib? MU² 332 . ó racuala in maith cena, cid ar ná cechlaind in saith? Airne F. 237 . cia airm itá do thigerna-su chena ale? TBC 1418 . ní fitir in challech nach do fhoigdi chena tánic in giIla that it was not simply to beg the servant came, Ériu i 132.81 . leicem as ar n imram . . . acht in chonair beras ar curach sind cheana, YBL 87a44 . nocha lám chena ná cos / do géba, O'Gr. Cat. 367.17 . an chloch cheana . . . on the other hand, TSh. 64 . gidhedh chena, BCC 124.30 . With ocus at beg. of sentence: ┐ chena bid lat ┐ lad chlaind co brath in rigi, RC xxiv 200.14 . ┐ cena ni . . . , TTebe 4293 . V. freq. with prec. acht: acht chena is . . . , LU 3914 ( SC 43 ). acht chena ro-diultais etc., PH 601 . acht cheana do ghabhadar etc., Párl. na mB. 3947 . acht atā ni cena moreover, ZCP viii 111.14 .

Cf. archena, oIchena.

IV Freq. with follg. co as conjunction without that, though . . . not, in some uses replacing O.Ir. ceni. Not found in O. Ir. glosses. See Strachan, Subjunctive Mood 56 . cenco is perh. rather to be explained from *ceni-co, O'Rahilly, Celtica ix 113 - 34 . In class. Ir. gion etc. go (see DDána), which appar. no longer felt as containing the prep. cen (gan). Form somet. influenced by cían (céin), q.v.

(a) without that, apart from the case that, because of the fact that not (with indic. and subj.): bid messu dúib . . . céin co tísaid lim it will be the worse for you if you do not come with me, LU 8082 ( FB 6 ). ní eicsind uile cenco cumhsanaind icca aisneis ria mbrath I could not relate it all short of keeping at it till doomsday, Ériu ii 136 § 120 . gén cu taibre ar hanmuin / let a talmain nisbera short of giving it (worldly goods?) for your soul, 228.17 . cumma lem etir / cen co tīas ilLaighnib I care not at all if I go not into L., ZCP viii 110.8 . cóir, cen co beth biad ocut `right then is it that food should fail thee', PH 1312 . nír bó toil do A. sin, gen gur triall la hI. do Roimh A. was unwilling not to go with I. to Rome, BNnÉ 4.25 .

Usually though . . . not.

(b) With indic. Rare in older lang.: cenco n-acatár though they did not see (her), LU 10010 . cín co fetar cia tu though I don't know who you are, RC v 200 § 15 . achd gin gur fheith iad, DDána 3.29 . comhla gen go bī (sic leg.) rem baeis, Arch. iii 236 § 9 . gion gur chomhmaoidh sin though she boasted not of it, Dán Dé ii 5 . gion go ttuigthear do gháoi- dheilg ┐ gion go habuirthear d'ogham é, IGT Introd. 5.1 . gin co fuil, CF² 585 . cin co híbhitt na Serrisdínig fín, Maund. 61 . gin cur chaith . . . caithfet-sa `though no one has eaten', Ériu iii 158 § 10 . génco faicidhisi é, RC xxiv 371.26 . gion go ffaicfit mo chorp . . . docífitt m'fiorta ┐ mo miorbuile, BNnÉ 267 § 235 (fut. replacing subj.?). Cf. gion go bhfaicfear (-cthear, v.l. ). Dán Dé v 35 .

(c) With subj.: acht ropom airdricse, maith lim cen co bend būan acht ōenlāa even though I should live only one day, TBC² 572 . cen cop mōr mo thuasa, Mór M. 6 . cen co pat comṡáeglaig, Airne F. 19 . cenco n-essara though you eat not, Sc.M² 3 . as a rad ata a nadmaim cin co be saying untruth- fully that it is . . . , Laws iv 52.30 . cian combat lia iar n-umir though they be not more in number, Rawl. 70b22 . ra raidsebair cenco tucaind ar áis doberaind ar écin that I would take it willy-nilly, LL 7685 ( TBC 150 ). cia fogabad cenco fagbad whether he got it or not, 7328 . cen co dernad, CRR 18 . cinco dernadais na Masilecdha do maith . . . acht . . . if the M. did no other good than . . . , CCath. 1751 . gion go dtí riomsa . . . / Dia do dhearmad, Dán Dé xxv 9 . do rígh gion go rabhtha id mhac even wert thou not a king's son, DDána 91.15 .

Occas. with loss of negative sense: gion go mbiadh gnúis gheanamhail . . . ag fear na ceilge though the deceiver should have. . . , TSh. 8965 (see Vocab.). atá ár sáith d'íoc againn gin gurab deired dúinn féin taréis na deithbire so `though immediately upon termination of this quarrel we ourselves too made an end', Caithr. Thoirdh. 119.24 .

clisid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clisid or dil.ie/9505

v (cles) performs feats; springs, leaps, starts : clisis iarom uasna huaitnib (of a cat), Anecd. i 57 § 53 . clissis Cú Ch. for rind in bera hísin, LU 5729 (TBC). no clistís errid Ulod for súanemnaib tarsnu on dorus diarailiu, 10138 . ro clissisit hisund eirrid aithi . . . im sciathu croda, BB 443a9 . ro clisseat co croda cruiseacha a corpaib caemcland, 432a13 . lingidh annsa loch . . . / nír chlis a thaobha re tuinn / nó gur bhris craobha an chaorthainn, Celtica ii 167 § 42 (tr. `did not fail against the wave'. Perh. no sooner did he touch the surface than he plucked a branch . . . ). ro clisestar a craide re grod- bidgad na genidechta, MR 232.10 . clisedh in cú chuigi, 200.5 . roclisestar Congal fá na cathaib, 248.10 .

c.¤ (ar, tar) excels, surpasses; prevails over, brings down, brings to naught : mer ro-chlis ar sluagaib suilt, Stud. Hib. iv 68 § 40 . clisit tar caladhLaighnibh / cíndit tar cuanfatUltaibh, IT iii 91 § 131 . rochliss for Caissel (of attaining kingship), Rawl. 163b12 . terc aicci cara ar nach clis, Fen. 150.x . ingean Mhuireadha Meas fial-nar, / ca hadmad caem ar nar' chlis? Ériu x 84 § 79 . cuirim suas don ghrádh / . . . / do chlis sé ar a lán, Dánta Gr. (1916) xiv 4 (do bhris sé ar a lán, Dánta Gr. 90.4 ). do chleisfeadh oruinn, dar ttreigean ┐ dar léigean gan fios . . . , Luc. Fid. 5338 . For phr. clisid for anáil (análaib) see s.v. anál.

Note also: clisit curaid daig abtha, Anecd. i 14.16 (clisit cuirn arccoit abhthæ, v.l., SCano 481 `warriors perform feats', `silver horns leap (i.e. circulate swiftly'), note). eirr chain chumachtach . . . uas do chlíu nad chliss crichbrugi Macha, LL 14223 (rhet.). clisidh catha cruaidh-chleasa / cinidh ar a chomhaosaibh, CRR² 35 .

coimse

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coimse or dil.ie/10281

Forms: comsae, cuimse

[io, iā] part. of con-midethar. Earlier comsae, cuimse (see Thurn. Gramm. 49 ). suitable, fitting, appropriate, due : sāethor coimsi, ZCP vii 311 § 14 . ní buidhean chuiridh ch.¤ it is not a convenient company to invite, Ériu v 52.12 . ní cumha chuimse moderate, DDána 73.6 . ní foghar a cló c.¤ to describe her fitly is not possible, A. Ó Dálaigh xv 13 . ? foaitreib innsce focomar coimsi, Anecd. v 28.1 .

Predic.: condib cuimse less a meit `appropriate', Wb. 14a3 . amal rombo chuimse la dia do chách gl. secundum mensuram, 22a2 . ní cuimmse limm . . . mu mét sufficient, Trip.² 1770 . co mbo cuimsi dō a tess (a vat of water) neither too hot nor too cold, TBC² 725 . nir ch.¤ a cuma their grief knew no bounds, Met. Dinds. iii 364.120 . at coimsi do cech duine `they fit any man' (garments), RC vi 183.7 . is nemchoimsi a mbídh do clainn aicci `he has a vast number of children', Maund. 162 . Note also: coimsi .i. com[b]air nó beg, ut est bé togairle . . . ar ma[d] coimsi tochus in fir lasa mbí, O'Dav. 537 . co cummair comse, LL 1987 .

As subst. suitable amount, adequacy : īar comso clūm ┐ cēol (: roghso), ZCP x 45 § 1 `sufficiency', Henry, Early Engl. and Celt. Lyric 58 , comsa .i. cuanlacht citing this passage, Ériu xiii 67 § 71 . nī comsi gand (chev.), Anecd. i 58 § 67 . gním cech cuiri fo chuimsi fittingly, Met. Dinds. iii 110.7 . c.¤ nimhe is talmhan thú (: soillse), DDána 26.20 (in sense of coimsech? Notes). c.¤, tomhas, Eg. Gl. 153 . With CEN excessive(ly), immoderate(ly), abundant(ly): roscloi aciall cenchoimsi (: -thoirsi), SR 2111 . cenchoimsi ṅgle, 2151 . in caur cían cen ch.¤ , Met. Dinds. iv 70.74 . a Iosa, a mhaith gan choimsi, Parrth. Anma 3860 .

Legal ` partnership, joint husbandry ', Críth Gabl. (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 14 ): túal[a]ing co(i)mse, 96 . cach c.¤ a cuindrech, Laws iii 36.4 . fer meite c.¤ , iv 352.18 Comm. amus . . . na bi fear coimsi acht a corp gnima fadeisin man in partnership(?), O'C. 2446 ( Eg. 88, 36 (37)c ). coru cach comsa, ZCP xiv 372 § 34 . ma beith cach comsa cen imamainsi . . . co soc[h]omsa, co soc[h]ubus. Stud. in E. Ir. Law 27 § 8 . dag dhuine dingartar o anmaim gradh no comsa (in glossary), O'C. 476 ( H. 3. 18, 248 ). bá sí a chomsae a mboth samlaid ó samuin co béltaine this was the arrangement (between the two), LU 10943 . Perh. also in: ar gháol, ar chrodh, nó ar choimsi, Ériu ix 8.91 . a lucht coimsi ┐ coimhitechta, BNnÉ 222.28 v.l. reim iond áosa coimsi, Mon. Tall. 128.1 (leg. -ig?).

comcaisiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comcaisiu or dil.ie/10847

n, f. vn. of con-aicci . Somet. with -chí- (infl. of simple vb. ?), -g-. On Mod. Ir. cóngas etc. see Éigse xiv 54 - 5 . act of examining, viewing; examination, diagnosis, opinion, advice ; remedy, cure: i comcisi[n] aisli i clanntar crecht `after(?) inspection ', Bretha 30 .i. comdecsain, gl. 5 = a comcisnib aisli, O'Dav. 90 . coimcisnib cainbreth, O'C. 68 ( H. 3.18, 24b ). co coimhcisi caoinmesa, 2407 ( Eg. 88, 32(33)a ). mani riastais [na légi] chucaisom do c[h]om- chisin, TBC² 2768 . do choimchisin C., 2777 . ga cumcaisi . . . doberi ḟormsa? prognosis, TBC 4403 . isí sein cumcaisín etc., 4406 . comchissi cen ainchiss `a painless examination' (a doctor), Triads 119 . do choimcighsin a choss to have his feet looked after, Hugh Roe² 36.18 . conad hí ar comcisiu . . . naco ṅgebthar . . . our view is that, LL 32429 ( TTr. 1624 ). dobēr-sa cumgaisiu duit . . . cīa cumgaisi ōn? Aisl. MC 125.29 , 31 . dligthi-si dul tar cumgaisi chaich d'forrach Ulad against everyone's advice(?), MR 142.14 . ? ro ling in fūir . . . .i. Tesiphone, a cumgaise a chride, do chuimh- niugadh . . . dó, 32.6 (see TBC p. 628 ).

con-aicci

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-aicci or dil.ie/11966

Forms: cotumaicisi, comcaisiu

v (*com-ad-cí-): cotumaicisi examine me (medically), TBC² 2786 . Cf. cia cuimacci? `how do I appear to thee ?' Ériu xvi 38 § 6 (read co-m-acci? or cia-comci? note). Vn. comcaisiu.

confaite

Cite this: eDIL s.v. confaite or dil.ie/12106

adj (deriv. of confaid, Festschr. Stokes 11 n. 18 ) = confadach in phr. cath c.¤ : cath confaiti (: aicci), Acall. 102 . cath Conpaiti, 3621 (treated as n. loc.). cath confaide (: aicme), ZCP iii 434.2 = conphatte, LL 29388 .

crann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crann or dil.ie/12753

Forms: cruinn, crunn

n o, n. later (LU) m. g s. cruinn (later (LU) crainn), d s. crunn (see Thurn. Gramm. 50 ). c.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 74 .

(a) tree : crand .i. crē a fond, Corm. Y 234 . as máthir aṡotho feissin cach nóen ch.¤ , Sg. 65a6 . luib ┐ ní c.¤ gl. siler, 65a9 . inchruinn toirthig fruit-tree , Ml. 15b13 . dochrunn fessin gl. arbuta, Sg. 61b8 (leg. don . . . ?, Edd.). 61b13 , 65a7 . cranna doiscairi gl. lignorum uilium, Ml. 92d6 . etir anmmann innac.¤ ┐ anmmann atoraid innac.¤ sin, Sg. 61b3 . a (sic MS.) crand mór, Vita Br. 35 . dober donchraunn inn-ubull (Satan to Eve), SR 1272 . no benfad a crand, LU 4829 (TBC). Nath Coirpthe occá chrannaib, 5814 . tri chrand co torud, LL 32927 . ní lassamain cech n-óenchrand `a single log does not flame' (prov.), Táin 2041 . fear fongaib c.¤ mbech hi faithchi `a man who finds bees in a tree', . . . Laws iv 194.18 . na aidérad clocha ná crunnu, LU 4046 . tregort c.¤ tre c.¤ cu `stake', Ériu xxi 130.13 . crand dond ḟīnemain find, Arch. iii 238 § 10 . mac in chraind a parrdus a seedling from the tree . . . , Airne F. 53 . mór do chuid do na crannaibh, PBocht 11.24 (prov.(?), Ed.). fá tharr chroinn under a tree, TSh. 9000 . ? nach fuirmhithe do chodhnach c.¤ occ cuimreach a chórusa, Ériu xiii 21.29 . See F 147.42 .

With qual. gen. of particular types of tree: eccla croinn áis an áraidh, Arch. iii 216.17 `quick-set tree', P. O'C. im gcrand ngabala appropriated tree, Laws i 202.2 .i. in c.¤ crosta, 206.8 Comm. a chroinn mheala `honey-laden trees', O'Hara 4069 . tria crand in tairmtechtais (tree of knowledge of good and evil), PH 3934 . co crand an imarbois, 2393 . c.¤ na haithne, DDána 10.4 . crand in báis, PH 2392 . crann bethe, Eg. Gl. 705 . coirt croind critaig `aspen', Rosa Ang. 260.17 . crand figed, Grail 1458 . c.¤ fir `test-tree' (1 fír), Laws iv 146.27 . crand gíus gl. hec pinus, Ir. Gl. 563 . crand greni ┐ crand esca, ZCP xxx 136.z (Alex.). crand lauír gl. laurus, Ir. Gl. 564 . duilléag chroinn ola, Gen. viii 11 . dulli crand palmi, PH 872 . ? crann sálais, Keat. Poems 532 . c.¤ Sédair cedar, Ps. xcii 12 . c.¤ teile lime, Is. vi 13 . ris a nuile ch.¤ túise, Cant. iv 14 .

Transfd. crand gel is tīr (of ray of sun), Four Songs 12 § 13 . Of persons: ón chronn chnuais, DDána 103.29 . Cairbre an c.¤ fa tiogh dtaraidh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 69 § 13 . crainn tug cúl re cáin chléire ` blockheads ', Ó Bruad. iii 150.22 . crann bagair a ghaolta protector , Párl. na mB. 183 .

(b) wood (material), timber: c.¤ cruínd immuambiat ocuan denum gl. rotæ, Ml. 18b4 . c.¤ condid gl. lignum `fire-wood', Thes. ii 226.33 . c.¤ a mbís de ós usce . . . íarann a mbís i n-usci, Airne F. 165 . etir cloich ┐ crand (a building), RC xviii 39.31 (Tig.). Cf. a laithe an chrīarta / bud c.¤ leo a cinn wood, ZCP viii 208.32 .

Attrib. g s. claidiub craind wooden sword, LU 5417 (TBC). 5641 . coss chraind, LL 38614 . each croinn (of Cross), Aithd.D. 65.36 . airm crainn, Maund. 161 . caislén crainn, 162 . Note also: saoir chruinn ┐ chloch carpenters and stonemasons, Párl. na mB. 262 .

(c) staff, pole, bar, stock, plank, beam, axis; article or tool of wood: crand tochartaigh, see T 203.25 . cen garmna cruind `beam of loom', Met. Dinds. iv 332.9 . c.¤ tara tech (sic leg.) (let) a piece of wood (be placed) over their coop (hens), Laws ii 118.13 Comm. a chrand cromchend crozier (of Patrick), Trip.² 341 . croind croma, SG 44.25 . mo ch.¤ bassa walking staff , Aithd.D. 1.29 . mind lestraib . . . eiric . . . isin crand handle(?), Laws iii 192.2 Comm. dairt i c.¤ n-airidi rail, Críth Gabl. 223 . o crund co fraig, LU 7376 `wooden rail (or partition?)', BDD² Gloss . doratad c.¤ ar chleith (sic leg.) airi the house was firmly secured (i.e. by a wooden bolt?), Trip.² 604 . ni baí crand dond indsi fri aroile beam , Anecd. i 2.5 (SCano). c.¤ mbith see 2 bí. a llos a lín is a craind fishing-rod , LU 3072 ` boat ', Fél. 52.31 . dá chrand cháela (of bier), Bard. P. 53.13 . an c.¤ baoi tresen idh ` bar ', Hugh Roe² 14.17 . glaisíarna . . . / do cuireadh leo for crannoibh frames , Duan. Finn i 92.1 . c.¤ crithir `unsteady plank', Dán Dé viii 6 . c.¤ mna fighi distaff , BNnÉ 191.24 . c.¤ suaite na braisce ` mixing-stick ', Lism. L. 302.18 . do ch.¤ tealaich fire-raker , Oss. ii 38.w . doiligh léimeanna c.¤ gceart (of steps of ladder), Aithd.D. 62.20 . c.¤ snais, 27.34 (`some weaver's tool(?)', note).

Of spearshaft, spear : for crund a duirnd Diarmató, LU 9690 . gai . . . gormrúadh . . . fora chrund, 7202 (BDD). la crand for scīathu banging spearshafts on shields (in driving a bull), TBC² 1357 . núall fri crunnu sleg, Met. Dinds. iii 22.287 . síodh fan gc.¤ do chuaidh treimhit ` lance ', Dán Dé iv 9 . croinn fhoghadh spearshafts , O'R. Poems 15 . sróll taisgreanta ar c.¤ (um ch.¤ v.l.) ga chur (of battle- standard), IGT Decl. ex. 1227 .

Of Cross (calque from Lat. lignum Deutsche, Kelten und Iren 99 ): crist coc[runn achr]uche foir gl. cum lignis, Tur. 123 . conidainm dunchrunn gl. crux Christi, Wb. 8a5 . dul sa ch.¤ going on the cross, Dán Dé vi 15 .

Mast, steering oar : dorat . . . c.¤ fri tír he pushed off, Trip.² 359 . ar[r]o-tógaibseat . . . na séola for na crundu, BDD² 477 . seólad crand dar muir ` ships ', ZCP i 112.z . nuair a shuidheadh iad air a crann cèille 'mast (?)' SGS xviii 106.25 .

Of bed or part thereof: Conall . . . etir ┐ crand, LU 3299 (SC). nonbur for craund siúil, 7607 (BDD). See S 183.40 . luid do crunn ┐ do uaitni (of childbirth), Thurn. Zu ir. Hdschr. 43.34 .

Of axis in ogam writing: is amlaid imdreangair crand . . . saltrad fora freim in croind ar tus, Auraic. 949 .

Of wooden musical instrument: cuisle .i. c.¤ ciuil, O'C. 963 ( H. 3.18, 415 ). trí duirn isin crand chiuil (of harp), Acall. 617 . téda do chroinn, Bard. P. 25. 3 . crand glesta gl. plectrum, Ir. Gl. 719 . Laws i 126.32 Comm. in c.¤ cíuil aicci . . . a thimpan, Acall. 3456 .

Note also: crand airgit post (?), LU 3700 ( SC 33 ). sdiall ar chapur a cc.¤ ┐ a ccrannoca airgid `bars and ingots of silver', TFrag. 8.10 .

(d) wooden piece used in casting lots; lot, destiny, fate: di chorcruinn gl. de ligno sortis, Tur. 132 . tri craind do cur a n-usci .i. crand na flatha ┐ crand in ollaman ┐ crand in lít[h]igh (that belonging to the guilty party sank, etc.), IT iii 192.7 - 8 . a leith craind cuirithir, O'C. 437 ( H. 3. 18, 236a ). co[r] c.¤ fors in lestrai naile (leg. n-uili) lots are to be cast between all the hives (to determine liability for a bee-sting), Laws iv 178.10 . focherdsam crandchur . . . Mo chrandsa . . . taet ass ar tús . . . is cétchrand co torud chraind dedenaig, LL 12684 - 6 `a first lot with fruit of a last lot', RC xiv 407 . forcerdar c.¤ eturru, Laws iv 172.9 . ni bia . . . na ccrand cóir in their true destiny, Cog. 98.10 . do thuit an crand for righ Midhe, BNnÉ 298.6 . Cf. is e crand t'fhir phosta . . . an gradh, mar is e c.¤ an diabhail an fuath, Smaointe B. Chr. 1888 - 90 (see n.).

Compds. With nouns: bolg as ambid crannbelan little wooden opening, Laws i 152.27 Comm. im crandbolg `leather scoop', 150.9 . delbsat crann-búar cobsaid `stout kine of wood', Met. Dinds. ii 218.41 . crandc[h]aingel .i. crann- c[h]līath andsin .i. clīath isin c[h]rann eter laocha ┐ clēirc[h]u, Corm. Y 371 , see C 38.65 ff. O'Cl. acc imordughudh crann- caistiall `wooden stands', St. Ercuil 142 . ní rucsat úaim acht crandchert `justice dealt by a spear', Táin 3052 . an chrannchruit, Hackett² 17.w . croicionn crannchon na coille, Duan. Finn i 33.23 ` pine-martin ', iii 332 . crannchú bís ic roduine, Acall. 5573 . crandord do gnídh, Mann. and Cust. 376 n. (cf. c. fri scíathu supra). crann dordan .i. crónán ┐ dordán, O'Cl. cranndretel cuirn (in list of dis- pensers), Triads 231 . lorg na crannlachan, SG 264.12 ` teal ', Meyer Contribb. 506 . don chronnlaoch `decrepit old man', Ó Bruad. i 106.21 . ? gur éirig in grian ina crandmill cró, CCath. cited Meyer Contribb. 506 . mors . . . Conaill Chrand- omnai, RC xvii 211.6 (Tig.) (leg. -domna ?). cloch-sairsi ┐ crann-sairsi carpentry, Laws v 92.z . do crannsciathuip, CCath. 4949 . ? deadlaid craisech re crand-scem (leg. -éim: thréin), Met. Dinds. iii 358.44 . ó rinn crainn-shleighe ` spear-point ', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 9 . With adjj.: a chrao- isioch crann-adhbhal his large-shafted spear, MR xiv 31 . an bachlach crandbriathrach of dull (?) speech, BNnÉ 305 § 19 . go sleaghaibh crann-bhuidhe, CRR² 25 . ablach crannchaem having beautiful trees, Acall. 2738 v.l. doire crannrabhán (= crann + ro + bán), Magauran 436 . cath . . . crann-ruad, ML² 1182 . With vb. gur crannbrissedh a craiseacha, CF 130 .

Deggell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Deggell or dil.ie/15078

Forms: Decull, Decell, Degell, Deigell, Deichell, Deighell, Decull, Decuill, Decill, Deigill, Deichell, Deighill, Decell, Degell, Dechell, Degell, Deghell, Deighell, Deggill, Deigill, Deggell, Decell, Decill, Deighill, Deichill, Degel, Decill, Decill, Deichill, Degel, Decell, Decill, Decell, Decell, Decill, Decell, Decell

o, npr. m. Also spelled Decull, Decell, Degell, Deigell; Deichell, Deighell. Possibly a cpd. of deg + gell, though in an old npr. like this one would expect rather †Dag-gell.—Oldest spelling Decull: g s. Decuill, Arm. 19 a 1 : Cairell mac Ferguso maic Decuill; a Fergus mac Deichill is mentioned BB 200 b 43 ; meic Decuil, Thes. ii 281. 14 = Decill, Vita Columbae 247 n.f. = Deigill BB 212 b 24 . For the broad -gg- cf. -accai sees (beside -aicci ). Mid.-Ir. Deichell and Deighill are, at least partly, to be judged as corrupt renderings of older Decell, Degell, which as a npr. had become obs. long before the Mid.-Ir. period. A genuine Ir. †Dechell or †Degell (i.e. Deghell) is not sufficiently supported.

Deggell mac Nadṡluaig father of Coirpre, the bishop. Deighell LL 384 b 28 , 29 . g s. Deggill, Trip. 166. 19 (Rawl.). Decill LL 348 f 34 . mac Deigill BB 218 b 9 . Deggell, Adamn.

Decell mac Caitt brother of Oengus and Conall and grandson of Fothad. n s. Decell LL 313 a 59 , 61 . Rawl. 120 b 37 . BB 124 b 25 , 26 (Decell a quo .h. Rechtabra). g s. Decill LL 385 a 56 . 351 g 2 . Deighill: Brecán mac D.¤ meic Caitt BB 222 b 44 = LL 351 g 2 .

Decell mac Brain father of Cellach and grandson of Suibne mac Blatchon. g s. Deichill BB 145 b 35 . Degel (sic), 149 d 4 .

Decell mac Gaithi father of Locán. g s. Decill BB 154 c 17 .

Mac Decill mac Meic Fintain BB 228 b 51 .

Mac Decill mac Meic Laisri grandson of Fiachan. g s. Decill BB 144 c 50 . Deichill, 145 b 40 . Degel (sic), 149 d 9 .

Mac Dechill .h. Labrada BB 144 f 19 , 48 .

Decell father of Fiacan BB 144 f 25 (g s. Decill).

Decell father of Fintan. F. mac Decill, Rawl. 92 h 35 .

Decell father of Molaisse Rawl. 93 d 35 (g s. Decill).

Decell father of Maernoc and Caiscéne : dá mac Deigill .i. Maernoc ┐ Cascēne BB 212 b 24 . Cf. Cuimne mater filiorum Meic Decuil qui nominantur Mernooc et Cascene et Meldal et Bran, Adam. Vit. Col. 246. 6 (= Thes. ii 281. 14 ). Husband of Cumán, sister of Colum Cille: Mernocc mac Decill derbhráthair do Chaisín mac Decill ┐ Cumán siúr Colaim Cille a máthair, ib. 247 n.f .

Decell: vii meic Aengusa .i. Maine &c....nó meic Deichill ut alii BB 200 b 43 . n.l. Cella Septem Filiorum Degilli, Tr. Thaum. 478 a. n. 3 ( Vita Columbae 246 n.f. ).

Deicell Find Aithech Érand LL 48 b 44 .

Further instances: Mac Decill is mac Bresail BB 144 f 25 . mac Deichill, 148 b 8 . tar cenn Dechill déin ITS vii 84 st 7 . ar ndíth Déicill, Acall. 4988 .

2 elta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 elta or dil.ie/19996

n (< ON hjalt, pl. hjǫlt, `the boss or knob at the end of a sword's hilt; also the guard between the hilt and the blade.' See Marstrander, Bidrag 77 , 44 ). Usually the guard between the hilt and the blade; the crosspieces at right angles to the blade and hilt, apparently always pl. (see Marstr. l.c.); the Norse pl. is used in ref. to the two guards, confining the hand above and below; in Ir. the upper knob is perhaps distinguished in mul-elta (q.v.), but elta in one instance clearly means the guard next the blade; in the others there is nothing to define the location: sádis C. a chlaideb co ránic conici a elta trisin tech LL 268 bx = MU 44 x . claidheamh co n-éltaibh óir BR 146.14 = BB 275 b1 . claidem ...cona eltaib snaidtib slemonsoilsib do raighnib na lecc lógmar, CCath. 4689 . no láetis na saignena...a cobradha da sciathaib ┐ a n-elta da claidhmibh 4779 . bai claideb la S., orduirnn a elta, airgidi a fulang, forordha a comet, breachtfaebrach a éo IT iii 199 § 59 . inad elta a claideb TBC 2995 . e.¤ dét = ON tannhjǫlt, claideb co n-eltaib dét = tannhjaltat sverd Marstrander, Bidrag 44 . claidib debennacha co n-eltaib dét co n-imduirnib airgdidib, TFerbe 4 . coica claideb n-órduirn n-intlaisse co n-eltaib dét ecoir óir ┐ argit 35 . claideb co n-eltaib dét TBC 1718 (= calc ded TBC² 1113 ). 5196 . colga det (.i. claidme co n-eltuibh déd), Ériu ii 3.12 (n. 32) . cloidhiomh...go n-a altaibh do chnáimh eileaphaint, Todd Lect. iv 80.14 (CRR2). bai claidium Murchaid ar na insma, ┐ elta det batar aicci rolegsat re rotesbach im[b]ualta, Cog. 196.2 .

fetán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fetán or dil.ie/21810

Forms: —a, fedán, feadán, f., fetana

n o,m. pl. somet. —a, see below (dim. of fet).

(a) a hiss or whistle: v.s. a fhetán néimnech na nathrach PH 8248 . an tan thogbhas S. a fedán cinn bhraghad `sends forth a whistle' ITS v 134y . fear feadán `whistling man' TD 34.16 .

(b) a pipe or tube: fedán (gl. fistula), Ir. Gl. 46 . feadán (synon. with duisiol, sumaire), Kirk ( Eg. Gl. 235 ; re guth do dhuisioll uisgeadh `noise of thy waterspouts' Ps. xlii 7 ). f.¤ (tube used for sucking pus from sores), Acall. 7222 . A musical pipe: fedan for a muin, Aen. 173 (= de collo fistula pendet Virg. Aen. iii 661 , an interpolation). fedán fogurbinn, Acall. 1718 . fedan do boí aicci, ┐ fir in domain do choiteldais ris gemad mor a ngalur 6100 . Med. (a) in pl. pipes, of the lungs, bronchi: feadain an sgamain = canna pulmonis Reg. Sláinte 1591 . (b) fistula: deoch ... cum an ḟedain YBL 347a14 . ceirin ... bacas don cneid dul a fedanaib linnidan, Ir. Texts v 10.20 . do cosg fola na fedan linnidhan ib. 27 . A pipe for conveying water, etc.: doróigne ... fetana luaide do chur ... fo thalmain ... ┐ no leicead na husci estibside LB 235a57 . can usce acht a tairngther a fedánaib o Ghlend Ébrón, Maund. 65 . an t-uisgi teid tri fedanuibh, Ros. Angl. 66y . mur uisge tre ḟedanuibh, Luc. Fid. 120.13 = O'Hussey T.C. 188 (ḟédán- aibh). tollaid ... crann suaiti na praisci co raibe ina ḟetan ┐ no doirted in n-im tresan fetan, Fél. 146.25 . Transf. of a liquid: teora fetana fola spouts of blood D iv 2, 53ra14 (treated as fem.).

(c) a brooch(?) (prob. a penannular brooch with hollow or cylindrical ring): f.¤ finduma issin brat, Acall. 7600 (`hollow pin' Stokes; who adds in Notes: `hollow fibulas of gold have been found in Ireland'). fedana finduma isna brataib 2441 .

for-aicci

Cite this: eDIL s.v. for-aicci or dil.ie/23286

Forms: foircither, foranacca

v I Overlooks, surveys, hence is hard by (a variant of ar-aicci , q.v.): fer ... foraicce dul noí ndrong who watches the motion of nine bands BDD 109 . ? pass. pres. foircither (.i. fírdechar, O'Dav. 881 ) mairc maithe macaibh ... Ériu xiii 23.8 . isin glind | foraccai Finddabur ḟind `near to fair F.' RC xxiii 310 § 26 ( LL 31b39 ) = foracai Finnabair RC xxiii 322 (Laud); foraicce F. 328 § 28 (Eg. with gl. .i. ac Ath Ruis na righ fri hAird Findabrach anall). Lia Fail i n-uachtar Bruidne | lia foraccai ilbuidne `a stone near many bands (? which looks down over many bands) 306 § 7 = foranacca 319 (Laud, omitting lia). atá lecht Máil i nDruim Gam | foracca ēca imnam 312 § 36 . Contem- plates (?): anti bias i firinde, as betha foraccai cēin bīs i curp ┐ as betha 'na mbia, Otia i 115x . is ed inso foraccat a n-anmain ┐ as airchenn ardatá this is what their souls behold and is in store for them, ib. 28 .

II As legal term, apparently of equivalent value (Thurn. ZCP xvi 409 ): Of dues paid from a trading ship to the owner of the land where it puts in: in tan is fo tomus flatha urdalta tainic in barc, sét foraice uingi d'fir tire, O'D. 1605 (< H 5.15, 11 c. 2 ). sēt sé screpall dō ar connad ... do lecad di, masa seichida ... atā indti, no sēt foraici uingi, masa cnō gnae ┐ cuirnd, Laws iii 426.19 . in roder- caidh, ma darighni a dlighedh ro dercaid set foraca ┐ [sic] di uinge do ... ┐ sēt foraice sé scripla do masa iarand ..., O'Don. 2354 (< Rawl. 506, 40d ). Cf. sét foraice uinge .i. is fiu uinge re firdechsain, O'Dav. 105 . grian foraga set land worth a `sed' (?) O'Don. 787 (< H 3.17 c. 565 ). In: bid ceart im cotomus folad: folaid cudruma, forsaide forṡlan forlinad forbais: foraicce ceart creicce cundartha etc. (.i. a firdechsain do reir chirt) ZCP xix 170 (= Cóic Conara § 11 ), Thurneysen takes the meaning to be: is valid for, extends to: [the judgement-path] `cert' serves for sales, contracts, etc. see ZCP xvi 410 . ni fiach foraich aos, Laws iv 376.20 = ni fiacail foraice aes (.i. nocha rem- techtaige lium a dul isin ferann cemad aesmar a fiacail), H 3.18, p. 350 ( O'C. 732 ); it is not a tooth which is the equivalent value of old age (see Thurn l.c.).

Cf. forcsiu (geall foircsean uinge), for-cí.

forcsi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forcsi or dil.ie/23505

Forms: farc-, foirc-, fairc-, -siu, faircsiu, forcsen, forcsin, faircsin, faircsena, faircsi, dha, fairgsin, fairgsi, forcsin, for cis

n (farc-, foirc-, fairc-, O.Ir. prob. -siu ; no occurrence in Glosses, cf. faircsiu MR 24.10 below). f. (vn. of for-aicci , ? also for-cí, Bretha 56 ) g s. forcsen, BCrólige 65 (but see below). forcsi LU 5404 . d s. oc forcsin 7004 . Later also n s. faircsin, g s. faircsena BDD 65 Eg. faircsi (g s. ¤, n p. ¤, ¤dha) IGT, Decl. § 3 . fairgsin, fairgsi (= faigsin) III § 4 .

(a) surveying, overlooking, beholding (often from a vantage- point or post of observation): dond aes bátar oc forcsin o na longaib LU 7004 ( BDD 65 = aes na deiccsin Y). co tanicc ... do ḟaircsi in oenaig IT i 128.16 . táeit nech d' ḟarcsin maigi Mide da ḟiss in tecat U. ind TBC 5018 . rogab ic forcsi ┐ ic fordescain in tíri, CCath. 3423 . ag midhemain ┐ ag fairgsin na ceatharairde, Leb. Gab. i 242 . luid ... d' [ḟ]arcsin Elena isin cnoccdindgna LL 231a28 ( TTr. 1027 ). gin faircsi neich do neoch dia denumh no one seeing anyone doing it Marco P. 52 . With FOR: ag faircsin for nellaib aeoir MR 76.20 . fer forcsi spy, scout LU 5404 (cf. fear fairgsi IGT, Verbs § 4 ). fer fairgsena LL 235b5 ( TTr. 1368 ). buaid farcsena TBC 663 . lucht a faircsena those who saw it Fl. Earls 120.22 . edh fairccsiona range of vision FM vi 2092.6 . dar fuinneógaib ... faircsena (i.e. eyes) MR 270.12 . cona clodmailgib ... ic folach ... faircsena na feinned `obscuring their vision' 180.12 . sliabh na Fairgsiona, Ériu viii 135.25 . Faculty of overlooking (?): eirg, ... do dhéch- sain na fledhi ... ár at maith do thaidhbhriudh ┐ tḟaircsiu for nách ní atcífithea MR 24.10 .

In Laws, of witnessing or being passive spectator of some occurrence or action, involving in some cases legal liability : slán fairgse mbrogaid mbruidrechta ... (.i. slanti aithgena a feoir ... on ti bis ac firdechsin) Laws iv 48.12 , 16 (of looking on at illegal grazing). saer fairgse (an eye-witness having `saer' status) v 442.20 . gell foircsen ... issed gell forccsen ... bis i llaim neich bessa set co brith no deroscc, Laws v 376 , see ZCP xvi 409 n. 2 .

(b) examining, inspecting: cis forcsen fola ? `what belongs to the surveying of a wound ?' BCrólige 65 (but Thurn. suggests that forcsin (n p.) may be the true reading here, ZCP xx 372 ; for cis with n p. see also Bergin Ériu xiv, 140 ff ).

(c) aspect, appearance: faircsi tri folt fair the appearance of three kinds of hair LU 6541 = TBC² 2563 . foircsi gruamdh- achta foruib do gres, Lism.L. 4463 . linnti ... co faircsi neamglaini ... forro, CCath. 964 . mesu isí fein inas a forcsi she herself was worse than her looks 4035 . ha hadbul ... f.¤ ┐ frithaileam na ndrong sin for muigib mac nI., Alex. 473 . re forgrain a faircsena with horror at the sight of them, MR 180.16 . ba haoibhinn ... faircsin chathrach R. don fforadh- chnoc, Fl. Earls 26.24 .

(d) geall forcsean uinge = a pledge equivalent to an ounce acc. to Thurn., ZCP xvi 409 . See for-aicci (II).

(e) (g.) of equal value; equivalent (?): lulaicce indruicce tar eisi inngither (?) .iiii.orai lulaca forcsin 'in place of a perfect milch cow, four equivalent milch cows are given' CIH vi 2231.15 , EIF 75 n. 61 . doberar do suide caura forcsen don liaig 'a young (?) sheep is given to the leech for this' Bretha 26 § 8 . mad bruider cairiu forccsen do suidiu 'if it be a bruider, a young (?) sheep for him' 30 § 13 .

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