Search Results

Your search returned 102 result(s).

2 adaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 adaig or dil.ie/257

 

n In phrase a.¤ etarba. Perhaps originally same word as 1 adaig. Used in concrete sense of something which divides, separates , see Thurn. ZCP xx 359 . fiad cacha feda a.¤ eadarba co ndeith bire, feam cacha trachta (in a list of things suitable for everyone (ada comdilsi do cach recht), Laws v 482.z .i. in adaigh bis etarru, itir na ferandaib, co ndeithbirius aici for imirge .i. for teithed, 484.22 Comm. slabrad for chimig, adaigh eatarba i nglas, 484.5 (? some kind of obstruction between the legs to prevent quick movement). ingraide tire .i. ingraid a hindi a comaititin in comaithchi ina thir .i. da aichi no a trí etarbai itir do ceili, Laws iv 48.19 = ingrege .i. innretha .i. di a.¤ etarbai no theoir hi tir do cheli, O'Curry 859 ( H 3.18, 388b ) (? a boundary barrier).

1 adrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 adrad or dil.ie/533

 

u, later o, m. Vn. of 1 adraid. act of adoring, worshipping; adoration: dom a.¤ , Wb. 5a27 . a.¤ dǽ, 6d8 . etarcnae ṅdæ ┐ a.¤ gl. cultura [divina], Ml. 129c13 . ní fíra.¤ . . . bís leu du dia., 42a14 . mor do rat . . . du læri frit a.¤-su, 136c11 . adrada idal gl. profanitate, 49a23 . adartha gl. adorandi, 116b4 . occ t-a.¤-so, Wb. 5a25 . do a.¤ bachal `to worship Baal', 5a29 . dia molad ┐ dia a.¤ , Ml. 67b24 . conna dechsam i n-adradu idal, 62d1 . condechuid-som isna adradu hisin `so that he came to those adorations', 65d12 . o a.¤ ind idail áin, SR 7045 . conscerthar ar n-a.¤-ni ┐ ar ngentlecht, Trip.² 352 . sollamon n-adratha .i. Casc no Nollog, Laws v 398.11, 17 Comm. aes . . . adhartha idhul, Ériu ii 114 § 38 . lucht adhairthe an anma-so Iosa, Parrth. Anma 3913 . ar son a adhartha, DDána 37.42 . deuna gníomh adhraidh `make an act of adoration', Donlevy 406.2 . ag adhradh do Chrom Chruaidh, Keat. ii 1923 . In phrases. dia adartha: Coll, Cécht ┐ Grian fá déé adartha dhóibh, Keat. i 222.25 . asé is dia adhartha dhó `the god whom he worships', Marco P. 161 . do bheannaigeas dhōibh treasna dēibh adharthae, Feis Tighe Chonáin 167 . ail adartha rock of adoration: ail adrada (as a landmark), Laws iv 142.16 Comm. cranncor no airisem iman ailig nadhartha (as means of decision), O'Curry 2569 (Eg. 88, 48(49)a) = 2587 (49(50)d) with added comment: ar ni tualaing nech duine ro mestar fir d'anteist acht inti uma aici menma na nuile. Perh. a christian explanation of some heathen mode of divination (= incubation), Plummer MS. notes. fir n-airisme fri haltoir .i. in t-airismetu im ailig n-adartha, Laws v 470.34, 472.21 Comm. (where text has substituted the Christian analogue while the comment preserves the heathen aspect, Plummer). ?As n.loc. rocumsat a.¤ and conid de asbert A.¤ ingene Lūachāin, BColm. 18 § 17 .

aicce

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aicce or dil.ie/753
Last Revised: 2013

 

n , f.

(a) nearness, proximity: a.¤ ab accula (leg. accola , Meyer, ZCP xiii 185 ), O'Mulc. 13 . ?rom gab B. . . . cucai for aicci (aicti v.l.) a treibe cor ferad mo théchtae oca because of the nearness of his people(?), Comp. CC 29.12 ( LU 10289 ) (cf. 1 aicde?). In phrase i n-aicci near, beside: his i nn-accai muilenn echtránd no beitis co bráth, Trip.² 2456 . co mbeth mís i n-acci cech fir díb, LL 315b53 . a naici a namat gl. a namait naici, 393a44 . eirigh ar h'ech ┐ cuir in t-ech maith-so a t'aici `take . . . beside thee', ZCP vi 73.34 . airc an Tighearna . . . ┐ an cófra do bhí na haice, 1 Sam. vi 15 . ceiltear neimh glaice gonta / libh i n-aice th' óghachta `in presence of thy virginity', Aithd. D. 59.32 . aice .i. i n-aice. Acall araice Teamhair .i. in aice Teamhrach atá, O'Cl. See ar-aicci. besides, in addition to: geanmnaidheacht i n-aice umhla, PBocht i 6 . is beag an tiomsughadh laidhnea fhoghnus a n-aice an bhromurruis nadurtha very little Latin suffices if added to . . ., 23 I 1, 109 .y . guin an chló do-chuaidh 'n-a throighidh / trom re híoc i n-aice ar ngníomh, DDána 30.11 . ? Also ina aicci in a short while (?): níba hannsae duit són … ’na aicci 'that will not be difficult for you [to know] presently' Immrama 50.837 , ZCP xxxii 121 . With follg. LA: nec[h] ris ar b[f]iu each do breith inaci leis who thought it worth while to bring a led horse with him, Cog. 132.11 . As adv.: ech acam dúib i n-aicce `I have a horse for you hard by', Metr. Dinds. iii 454.49 .

(b) fosterage: hore is na n-aicci atái since it is fostered with them that thou art (`near them', Thes., see O. Ir. Par. and Glosses, 3rd and 4th edd., Vocabulary), Wb. 5b27 . altrom a meic eter [t]heora a.¤ , BDD² 105 . atnoad (ailed, v.l.) Conchubur . . . ol is cét-a.¤ Finnchóem, Comp. CC 8.17 (text?). icht aicce (.i. gnim) ar iss i n-aicci bis in descipul icon aidi, Auraic. 1112 (cf. ZCP xvii 289.21 ) = Corm. Y 88 . bi a mic inmhuin . . . i n-aice do braithrech co mba seitrech (a dying father to his youngest son), LL 386b24 . atat dano da mbaegal naltrama baegal donn athair dia rogha laim dia mac iarna tabairt i naice corop altar manip deithberus, H 3.18, 19aw . dianduca as cin dethbeirus nimbera isin naice sin aitherrach, z. aice .i. aiti nó altrum, ut est urail coimperta i sóaici sochrait . . . ┐ aderr fos trian n-airir i tres n-aici , O'Dav. 137 . aici .i. ucht, ut est conad ragbad mac nó ingen de asa aici , 63 . log na haici, O'Curry 1989 (H 4.22, 25). aice .i. oileamhain, O'Cl.

1 aicde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aicde or dil.ie/769
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: aice

n also aice , f. perh. vn. of ad-guid see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 551 . bond, surety, security: a.¤ .i. trebaire ┐ desmirecht air, a.¤ mac .i. mac nascaire, O'Curry 2077 (H. 4.22, f. 67). cu na dleiste do dune gumud cuma a epert ┐ a a.¤ acht do grádh sechta i.e. certain grades made themselves liable by simply giving verbal undertakings(?), O'D. 943 ( H 3.17, 660 ). duine bud cuma epirt ┐ a.¤ i.e. a man whose word is as good as his bond, Laws iii 326.26 Comm. ; 4.15 Comm. Cf. O'Dav. 795 . isit esinnricc manib cuma a n-epert ┐ a n-aice, Laws v 358.20 Comm. (cf. innann a nepert ┐ a narach, O'Curry 535 ( H 3.18, p. 265b = CIH iii 795.33 )). cred é cuma epert ┐ aige? . . . .i. commór a apart do féin ┐ ba huca thoghaidhe leis trebaire aire, O'Curry 1383 ( H 3.18, p. 629a ). aicc macu hi fiacha . . . do neoch imme fuigle in aicdiu from someone who gives decisions in matters affecting security, Laws ii 130.10 . dairt for a roach (.i. for a fiadnaise), colbdach for a aiciu (leg. aicdiu Thurn. ZCP xv p. 366 ) (.i. for a naidm) bo for a aitire, ZCP xiii 24.6 . ni direnaiter ni herenaiter aigde, O'Curry 824 ( H 3.18, p. 379a ). ni saigh ni a aicdiu .i. . . . ni astait ní na aitire, O'Curry 1990 (H. 4.22, p. 25). nach fer aici ┐ comit[h]echta, Anecd. iii 24.23 . mar do beith araind urradh / fan cunnradh do chenglamair / as i aice as annsa ann / damsa is caite re chomhall, 23 E 29, 81.4 . aicdhe .i. comhall, O'Cl. Note also aice .i. treabh (for trebaire?), ib. ?fochraic aicidi .i. log na haici ma diubart iar fis ┐ trebaire, O'Curry 1989 (H. 4.22 , 25 ). ? haice .i. ecaidhe nó deroil no eraise, ut est haice cach rath co rath tire .i. . . . is deroil cach ni doberar isin rath co tir, O'Dav. 1069 .

aidacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidacht or dil.ie/827
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: audacht, idacht, udacht, edocht, aidachta, aidechta, udhacht, udhaicht, udhachta, udhachda, udaichd, hudhachda, udhachtain

n (Lat. ēdictum, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 209 . See LEIA Perh. rather adoptare, Marstrander, Lochlann ii 206 . Not a loan-word, O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 161 n. 4 and see also ZCP xxxix 53 , Ériu xxiv 183-85 , xxix 154 ). Also audacht, idacht, udacht, edocht, aidachta. Decl. varies: as m. g s. in aidechta , AU i 54.2 . udhacht m. (g s. and n p. udhaicht, udhachta), IGT Decl. § 25 . udhachda m., § 2 . Also ā, f. a s. udaichd, Parrth. Anma 5688 . g s. na hudhachda , 5875 . Note also a s. udhachtain, RC xiv 62 § 77 .

Will, testament, bequest: issí inso coibse Fétho Fio ┐ aedocht di bliadin re mbas dáu du manchuib Drommo Lías `this is his bequest two years before his death to the monks of Druim Lías', Trip. ii 338.21 ( Thes. ii 238.18 (Ardm.)). ba hésin a hedacht adbul / dia chlaind, LL 16091 ( Todd Nenn. 248.203 ). Audacht Morainn, name of a tract, precepts to a young king given by Morann at his death, ZCP xi 73 . udhucht Aithirne ann so do thairchedal gheine Criosd, Ériu xiii 18.24 . fáidis Morand in n-audacht sa chuice, ZCP xi 80 § 1 . a n-aimsir ar mbáis; ar n-udhachd do dhéunamh gan mho[i]ll, Parrth. Anma 5864 . do réir udhachta Oiliolla Óluim, Keat. iii 3118 . lá an udhochta day of my death(?), PBocht 17.22 . ge ratuillsium mallachtain / nir' millsim ar n-udhachtain we have not perverted our confession(?), RC xiv 62 § 77 . In strict law a name for a will made in articulo mortis (3 imna name for one made in bodily health), Plummer, Ériu ix 31 . The distinction, however, is not always observed: cach n-ord iarna cirt . . . ┐ a nudacht a nimna co rabat don eclais iar netla uird, Laws iii 32.z . a nudacht .i. fri bas, 34.14 Comm. is amluidh sin ranntar a imna ┐ a udacht, 68.4 Comm. cuit neclaise fris a mbi audacht, iv 194.26. mád espug cin uducht, i 202.y Comm. ro fag mac Seain a nudacht nar gabudur . . . cóir na cert uaid timcell Anaidh moir `Mac S. provided in his will that they should derive no title to Annaghmore from him' (Plummer MS. notes), O'D. 1961 ( Eg. 90 fo. 7(8)c ). muna tarraid ughacht itir é a denam donti ro marb he co nach roibe caomthachta a fhastaithi aici , O'Curry 1651 (26 Q 6 p. 21a) i.e. if he (the slain thief) died without confessing, the slayer must prove that he had no other means of stopping the thief than by killing him, Plummer MS. notes. Attrib. g s. doḟagaib in scrin ac a comarba udachta testamentary successor, ZCP xiv 152.13 . cloc in aidechta, AU i 54.2 (a famous bell at Armagh said to have been bequeathed by St. Patrick, see Reeves Ad. pp. 205 , 323 ). i ndigail sharaighthi cluicc ind edechta, 582.12 . cleirig an Chluig n Udachta do marbad ann, RC xviii 268.18 (Tig.). Solamh . . . maor cluig an edhachta, AFM iii 608.13 . delg aidechta, a brooch bequeathed to Iona by Colum Cille, Reeves Ad. 205 .

The thing bequeathed, bequest, legacy: Epscop Aed bói i Sléibti luid du Ardd Machae. birt edoct cu Segéne du Ard Machae. dobert Segene oitherroch a.¤ du Áid ┐ adopart Áed a.¤ ┐ a chenél ┐ a eclis du Pátricc cu bbráth. fáccab Aed a.¤ la Conchad Aed was bishop in Slebte . . . he brought a bequest to Segéne in Armagh. Segéne gave the bequest again to Aed and Aed offered his bequest and his kin and his church to Patrick forever. Aed left his bequest with Conchad, Thes. ii 242.17 (Ardm.) ( Trip. ii 346.22 ). audacht ceneoil a tribal heirloom, IT iii 199.29 .

In phrase fri a.¤ (báis) at the point of death: robái fri feba cach thucht / a ben Eua fria iducht i.e. at his deathbed to receive his last words, SR 2028 . dollotar fir . . . / . . . fria hedacht `to receive her last behest', Metr. Dinds. iv 148.40 . cach bean fri hudacht mbais, Laws v 454.28 Comm. nā bad marb hé co mbeith-som fria hudacht a báis that he should not die till C. should be at his deathbed, BColm. 46.16 . erbaidh do A. co mbeth F. ria udhacht, Lism. L. 2885 . in tan robui Alax. fria hidhacht a bais i mBáibiloin when A. was dying, Alex. 1108 . fā[g]bhuim-si an peacthach bochd reum udhachda báis, Parrth. Anma 5877 . Note also: audacht .i. uath fri feacht .i. antan tēte in duine fri fecht n-ūatha .i. bāis, Corm. Y 38 .

In more general sense: do ním d'udhachta ar a fhuil / a cumhachta gur cubhuidh `I solemnly attest his race', Arch. Hib. i 91 § xv . fa hí ughachta mhóráin / nár dhíol róghráidh ar ndáinne `many protested', Studies 1918. 617 § 3 . ?budh árus ócch d'udhachtuibh, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) i 218.3 .

aidme

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidme or dil.ie/894

 

n = aidemm: gach aidhme ba hadailg ind eallmha las an luing ` equipment ', Hugh Roe 6.13 (fo. 1b) . aidhme .i. uradh trealamh, uirnis no culaidh, O'Cl. ?As adv. cinn na secht n-eladhan saer ro bui co haidme eolach aici `the seven liberal arts in which it was skilled and accomplished', Stair Erc. 1366 . Cf. adma.

aincesach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aincesach or dil.ie/1191

 

adj o, ā (ainces): cúpla ilphiastt aincisioch, Desid. 4292 , ` venomous ', Gloss. As subst. n is aici is doigh in tainceasach do bith i.e. to him (the king) the doubtful case should be referred, Laws iv 50.20 Comm. Meaning obscure in: an tiasg so don a.¤ , O'Curry 756 ( H 3.18, p. 358a ). beridh ar cach cumal forcraidh .i. cumal an anchesaigh, O'Curry 1477 (653).

3 airer

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 airer or dil.ie/1932

 

Forms: areir, a.

n Apparently o, but n s. also areir, etc. Some kind of fine apparently equal in value to one-seventh of a person's honour-price (eneclann) except in the case of kings. See Ir. Recht p. 15 . ZCP xv 247 . cia roig dire ┐ areir (leg. arer or airer, ed.) ┐ enecland? Saigid dire co .uii. cumala. Saigid areir co cumail, Ir. Recht 13 § 14 . x mba ┐ samaisce ata dó ina eneclann ┐ bo ┐ samaisce ata do ina a.¤ . . . uair sechtmad eneclainne ata do ina a.¤ , O'Curry 650 ( H 3.18, 314 ). seachtmad eneclainne a.¤ cach graid co gradh seachta ┐ cumal a.¤ seic; cumal a.¤ cach graidh o sin suas co ri cuicigh no Erenn ┐ di cumal cid do seic, 347 (192a). cisne lesa . . . tascnat treise . . . a.¤ .i. ar sechtmadh .i. la eneclann, what cases last for three days? . . . a case of a.¤ i.e. the seventh (of the `eneclann'), Laws i 230.25 , 232.27 Comm . E. . . . ro marbad ar cumuirce F. . . . ┐ righ cuicidh hé ┐ ro dligustur ocht cumala décc itir irar ┐ eneaclann ina sárughadh, 76.12 Comm. athgabail airir ni teit fuirri acht airir cob thri, co bo tri cach nai acht airir rig, dligid side secht cumala inna airir i.e. a king may distrain up to the amount of seven `cumals' for his a.¤ , ii 126.7 , Ir. Recht p. 15 n.l . brigter a.¤ erenar i cnocbeim col, Laws iii 536.16 . cia roich eneclann? Ro saich enech-gríss air i mbánbém, a.¤ i cnocbém, O'D. 903 ( H 3.17 c. 645 ). laneneclann don rig ┐ a.¤ isna híib so, O'Curry 459 ( H 3.18, 243b ). a.¤ enechruice compensation for causing `face-reddening' (insulting), ZCP xv 246 § 5 ( Laws ii 204 ). trian n-airir i tres n-aici `a third of the `a.¤' for the third fosterage', O'Dav. 137 . ni hictar dire na airiur na eneclann . . . oga.¤ i nogaltram, O'D. 1014 (H. 2.15, p. 17a). ní dligh airchindech aireir a manchu na dligh díre a ṡeoit, O'D. 990 ( H 3.17 col. 854 ). tabair da .vii. cumala dib do Conchobar i nairear, O'Curry 2089 (H. 4 22, p. 71b). a.¤ nairdbidh . . . .i. isi eiric ata don flaith ina [biadh] uasal . . . .i. eneclann, 443 ( H 3.18, 238b ). file nába fia thuaith taisilbhe, ni direnar dire na a.¤ na eneclann, Ériu xiii 17.24 .

airnaide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airnaide or dil.ie/2294

 

Forms: urnaidhi, urnaithi, furnaidhi, furnaide, funnraighe

n vn. of ar-neät. urnaidhi, urnaithi (urnoighthi etc.) furnaidhi f., IGT Decl. § 3 . furnaide, funnraighe, Verbs § 83 .

Act of waiting for. Usually with gen. Occas. with prepp. bui alaili caillech doim oc ernaide D., Mon. Tall. 130.9 (§ 7) . bádar trí rígh . . . oca urnaideseom, BDD² 155 . matā Fer Diad ac ar n-irrnaidi, TBC-I¹ 2516 . ocot airnaide, RC xxvii 278 § 31 . oc ernaide lai brátha, LU 1845 ( RC ix 494.14 ). oc írnaidi ṡeóin, LU 4504 ( TBC-I¹ 21 ). urnuide ngill waiting for the delivery of a pledge, O'D. 102 ( H 3.17, 90 -1). ic urnaidhe in morcat[h]a, CCath. 4322 . ót urnuide, IGT Decl. ex. 198 . 'gum urnaidhe gá fhad bhia?, DDána 94.4 . cen irnaide `without pause', Metr. Dinds. iv 322.34 . urnaide co foltaib, co fiadnaise .i. urnaide do risin folaidh sin a fiadnaise fiadan, O'D. 749 ( H 3.17, 452 ). ga eadarguidi im anad ┐ im urnaidi aici `to halt and make a stand', MR 318.13 . cathir . . . ca tá Eriu ernaide on which all Ireland attends (of Tara), LL 4441 (= fo ḟail Héiriu aurnaide, Ériu iv 92 § 4 ).

With FRI: ic irnaide ra sétaib, TBC-LL¹ 6134 . nir' léicc a ferg do ernaidhe re a slogha, CCath. 3729 . i n-a.¤ : nir bo cian i n-irnaidiu di she was not long waiting, IT i 126.8 . nir bo chían in n-irnaide do Domnall co n-acca chuci . . ., TFerbe 671 . sciath fri homna i nernaidhe didean Brogha mac Míleadh perpetually defending(?), AFM i 524.16 . ? tri catha meic ardEchthach / cu Aed inna urnaide, LL 6891 ( SG 372.35 ).

Various. In sense of holding out, enduring(?): forusta fri hurnaide somuíne ┐ domaoine, ZCP xiv 369 § 31 ( Laws ii 278 ) (`um richtige und (auch) drückende Leistungen auszu- halten (?)'). do'n ti is fearr tochus fri hurnaide a mbiata, Laws v 440.11 Comm. ` act of attending to, furnishing, providing ', Plummer MS. notes.

See furnaide.

amail, amal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amail, amal or dil.ie/3057
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: amail, amal, amál, amail, amaltsa, amlut

Prep. and conj. like, as . Unstressed form of d s. of 1 samail ( GOI § 178 , § 826 . But rhymes and alliterates in classical verse, e.g. IGT Decl. ex. 607 ). As a rule contracted to am̄ in MSS. Archaic amail ( GOI § 168 ) ( Wb. 21c10 , 22c14 , both a prima manu, Críth G. 461 , Hib. Min. 188 ). Usual form in O. Ir. glosses amal ( Wb. 6a30 , 10c12 , Ml. 107c8 , Sg. 217a8 . amál, Thes. i 5.37 ). In later lang. amail. Leniting ( amal chlanda, Ml. 123c8 . amal chon-degam, 107c8 ). Glosses Lat. quasi, Wb. 11a11 , Sg. 9b11 , etc.; sicut, Wb. 2a11 , 6a30 , 14c17 , Ml. 34b6 , etc.; tamquam, Wb. 9a3 , etc.; uelut, Ml. 23c9 ; ut, Wb. 10d19 , 22c14 , Ml. 54a21 .

I As prep. with accus. For forms with suff. pron. see 2 samail. Note also: amaltsa, IT i 72.35 = amal tussu, 18 . amlut, TBC(C) 575 . Later somet. with independent pron.: amal tussu (supra), amhail é, DDána 116.5 . Eventually replaced by mar (see immar): amar (amal, v.l.), TTebe 929 . Cf. amair, Laws ii 202.9 Comm. See Bergin, Ériu xiv 142 . like, as, similar to: amal tuthle no ailsin gl. ut cancer, Wb. 30b13 . ní amal inní asóircc gl. non quasi aërem uerberans, 11a11 . amal nahí nadchrenat gl. tamquam non possedentes, 10b7 . amal in n-altain gl. sicut rasorium, Ml. 72b8 . amal in lochairnn ṅaḟfracdai gl. quasi lanterna, Sg. 24a16 . amal inna anman asrubartmar `like the nouns', 188a29 . amal na heliu, 9b2 . amál chócúll dercon no chno, Thes. i 5.37 . amal nathracha bodra sicut , 485.19 ( Tur. 11 ). amal airig ndésa, Críth G. 367 . intan mbete renna nime amail éscai ┐ éscai amail gréin, Ériu ii 200.18 . amal firu cathacha, Trip.² 803 . feil . . . docuiridar echdar corgus . . . amail chaindech `the feast of a saint that falls outside Lent, as for instance Cainnech's', Mon. Tall. 135.2 (§ 22) . amhuil a cinaidh féin `like his own crime', Laws iv 88.8 Comm. nocha tánic amail a samla . . . nocha tánic . . . buiden amail a lethide, Celt. Rev. ii 220.26 (omission before first amail?). amal aig n-allaid, TTebe 1881 . amhail gach nduine oile, TSh. 254 . With dat. amal ruithnib grene, TBFr. p. 15 § 3 . amhail cherdcadaiph, BNnÉ 71 § 123 .

In phr. amal sin, so, ṡodain thus, so, in that case see 1 sin, 1 so, 1 suide.

II As conj., freq. but not invariably with follg. nasalizing rel. clause ( GOI § 498 , § 505 ).

(a) As comparative conj. with verb in indic. as, like as: amal ṅguidess athir a macc gl. tamquam pater filios deprecantes, Wb. 24d19 . amal fondrodil in coimdiu do chách gl. sicut diuisit Dominus, 10a11 . amal nonda thorisse frissintectairecht gl. tamquam misericordiam consecutus sum, 10a28 . amal nát anse dúib, 17c11 . amal arindchrin dǽ ┐ asindbail gl. uice fumi, Ml. 57a10 . amal nach fuar fessin inneuch, 57d3 . amal as toísegiu grián . . . ┐ is laithe foilsigedar . . . sic is toissigiu, etc., 85b11 . amal as inna ngnimae gl. ut a sé profecto iure factorum, 17b3 . amal is na nassar gl. sicut Assiriorum, 54a22 . amal ṅ-dond-foirde ainmm `as a noun signifies it', Sg. 26b12 . amal addaas `as it is', Ériu ii 144 § 159 . amal as n-airdirc clearly, Trip.² 2066 . ro chí fora muime amal is bés do naídenaib, 115 . amail nach dentar dia domnaich `just as such things are not done on a Sunday', Mon. Tall. 148.3 (§ 55) . amail bis mes in feóir in ḟamfucht (sic) fa i ngemfucht `according to the appraisement of the grass in the hot or in the cold season', Laws iv 146.15 Comm. dligidh . . . / a bhrondadh amhail chuinghes, ZCP viii 109.13 . dobérthar . . . dia tuca tinnscra amal asbérthar, TBFr. 177 . as-bert in so huile amal rom-múin dó in fer, BDD² 168 . amail indises canóin, ZCP viii 114.2 . amail ba bes di . . . `as was her wont', RC vi 175.1 . amhail thógaibhthear an cháith uas an ghrán, Desid. 2918 . In later lang. combined with ┐, mar: amhuil ┐ chromas an géadh a cheann, Desid. 1923 . amhail mar stiúrionn ┐ mar oibrighionn siad, Corp. Astron. xxiv 10 . amhail ┐ mar atá, 2.7 . amhail mar do rinne Iudas, Donlevy 254.13 .

Folld. by second member of comparison (as . . . so): amal nondubcairimse carad cách uaibsi alaile gl. eandem caritatem habentes, Wb. 23c12 . amal nád robe . . . ní bia, 1d2 . amal as corp do crist æclesia is corp mulier uiro , 22c13 . amal as ndian . . . mbis is denithir sin . . ., Ml. 57c12 . amal durigni . . . dogena . . . `as He has done . . . so also will He do', 50d10 . amal fōides in naingel . . . doróiter dún . . . `as he sent the angel . . . may he be sent to us,' Thes. ii 304.1 (Hy. i). amal soite a shlúaig úad soid a grád ┐ a gráin for cúlu, ZCP xi 86 § 45 . With follg. clause introduced by an adv. (samlaid, etc.): amal nadngaib lius di suidiu is samlid insin nisgaib som lius di . . . , Ml. 34b6 . amal rombói ingnae cáich is samlid . . ., 26b8 . amal fongníter ídil síc fogníther donaib ánib, Wb. 27b9 . amál nád ṅdéni neutur dindí as tiberis . . . síc ní déni, Sg. 63a17 . amuil is etarbach grech na cno faisi cen torad aici is amlaidh is etarbach na neiche sin do denam, Laws iv 36.17 Comm. amal do-rala . . . thall . . . is amlaid do-rala sund, PH 146 . amail adcondarcais misi co granna . . . ar tús ┐ alaind fadeoid, is amlaid sin in flaithius, RC xxiv 200.17 . amail teit . . . is amhlaidh sidhe as . . . so, Stair Erc. 499 . amal is e cet lá na sechtmaine in domnach . . . is amal-sin . . . is e is ochtmad lá . . ., PH 3585 . After compar.: is mesu andas amuil robui, Laws iv 156.12 Comm. do badh líonmhaire da n-édálaibh . . . inás amhail ro fhédsat a ttiomáin, Hugh Roe 88.8 (fo. 23b) . bá moa a n ainm ┐ a n oirdearcus inas amhail tangattar, AFM v 1848.z .

In PH with ellipse of verb. (cf. the Lat. construction): co mbí in t-í dobeir hí i n-a shímontaig amal in t-í gabus, 7595 . do thabairt ascad amal rig do as (on) a king, 2838 . fofhuaras duine amal mo chride a man after my own heart, 6479 . Prob. also in: me-si tra amal mo brathri tindnacimm mo chorp . . ., 6640 . Note also: amal alanaile ndoine gl. ut caeterorum, Ml. 54a21 , a literal transl. of the Lat.

(b) With impf. subj. in meaning as if, as though (in this constr. not as a rule followed by rel. clause, see OIPG 209 ): ro pridchad dúib céssad Críst amal ad-cethe `Christ's passion has been preached to you as though it were seen', Wb. 19b6 . is amal bid fri Crist frisorthe `it is as though ye offended against Christ', 10c12 . amal ninfessed cách et ronfitir calléic gl. sicut qui ignoti et cognoti, 16a2 . amal ni bimmis cutrummi frib gl. quasi non pertinguentes, 17b16 . amal ni cuimsimmis a denum gl. quasi [nos] infirmi fuerimus in hac parte, 17c18 . amal ni risinse do bar cosc si gl. tamquam non uenturus sim ad uos, 9a19 . amal nombemmis érchóilti gl. tamquam morti destinatos, 9a3 . amal fid a fondamtis gl. quasi longam famem passi `as (though) it were when they suffered', Ml. 34b11 . amal bid do íc a galair gl. velut in doloris solacium, 23c9 . amal bid ind aimsir feisin, Sg. 188a26 . amal ni bed ad and, 217a8 . amal bith do chonsain, amal as ṅ-dí `as though it were to a consonant, (or) as it is to it', 9b11 . amal bid oc caíned in guḟorgaill, Trip.² 87 . no lastais in aidche amal betis ruithni gréni, TBFr. 27 . amal ní acced is ní cloath ní `as if he saw not and heard not anything', Ériu iii 104 § 40 . amhoil búdh fear fiadhoigh thú, Desid. 3183 . With condit.: amhail do bhiadh gráin . . . aca air, TSh. 4255 . Later a.¤ ┐: amhuil ┐ do bheith riachtanas aguinne réna seirbhís, Desid. 5244 . The following may be elliptical, but could also be referred to I: otconnairc a gnúis amal aingel as (though it had been that of) an angel, PH 1313 . ni hairmither amal duin-orcuin do sin it is not counted as manslaughter, 4208 . atchīam-ne tú amail catharda díless hi neim, BColm. 106.6 . amal tofunn dotṡéstae as though it were a pursuit wherewith thou wert pursued, Ériu i 200 § 25 (supply bid?).

(c) As temporal conj. expressing simultaneousness, while, when: amal immind-ráitset con-accatar F. cuccu `as they were talking about it they saw F. coming towards them', Thes. ii 241.11 (Ardm.). amal batar ann . . . co n-accatar in tene, Trip.² 445 . amail notreigtis addurtaig `when they left the oratory', Mon. Tall. 132.12 (§ 12) . amal atib in dig nirbo chumain laiss F., LU 4030 ( SCC 48 ). amal batar and . . . ico'n ol, PH 76 . amal itcualae . . . H. . . . . a beth i n-oentuma, 834 .

(d) As explicative conj. with adverbial force how, in what state, manner; how in sense of (the fact) that: bá foderc dó . . . amal ro both and how things were there, LU 8219 ( FB 16 ). a scrutan i n-a menmain amal doragad airi, 8223 (17). ni chumaic . . . innisin inna n-airecht sin amal itát what they are like, 1997 ( FA 6 ). indēsad dáib madh āil libh / amhail fūaradar oidhidh how they died, ZCP viii 119 § 1 . atchifet amal digeltar forru, PH 2806 . tabhair an taiplis don tigh / gu faicmis amhail imrid, IGT Decl. ex. 607 . do ordaigh Tairrdelbach . . . do lucht túaisceirt amal no raghdais dia taig, RC xviii 55.1 (Tig.). ro indis in echtra ┐ amail dochuadar for iar[r]aid usci, xxiv 202.4 . innister dó amhail ro escain Espuc E. . . . in fled, MR 24.18 .

(e) Doubtfully causal in: amal is i lóu bad sochrud ar n-imthecht gl. sicut in die honeste ambulemus 'since it is in the day', Wb. 6a30 . amal is tre bar tabirtsi dochum nirisse gl. sicut et uos nostra (gloria) . . ., 14c17 . In both cases the use of amal is no doubt due to the Lat. sicut. Possibly also: amail is tre metur ro cet in chantaice, Hib. Min. 6.188 .

Miswritten (am̄) for amlaid (aml—) in: is amal ro-batar in corp ┐ in cend oc tepersain fola, PH 1881 . is amal bói I. oc ernaigthi, 2202 . is amal fo-s-gébtái it é eroslacthi, 3753 .

In IGT Introd. 2.14 , 33.6 in phrase samhlughadh amhuil of adjectives in -amuil derived from nouns.

2 anarrachta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 anarrachta or dil.ie/3365

 

(arrachta) adj very strong: fiacla a.¤ áithe aici , SG 251.17 .

? 1 bair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 1 bair or dil.ie/5219

 

n ? suith de ollorb adhmall adhmolta .i. samhaighther, no ordaidhther do na hadhmoltaibh is aga mholus, no is dlighthech molus ica tá ball don b.¤ bairdne do clí .i. triur aici a tigh in righ, mar oen ris, ┐ dís a tigh in teghlaigh amuigh, ┐ ni dligh ní tairis, O'D. 1221 (H. 2.15, 86a). má rucustar fer na focreca a báir, slán de re ré na focreca islán do, ┐ ma rucustar fer bunaidh in ferainn erni don b.¤ air iar ré na focreca, is a dilsi do, 1562 (H. 5.15, 3a).

bal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bal or dil.ie/5276
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: bol, bail, boil, bail, bál, Builiath

n ā, f. Also bol. Later bail. b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 96. boil bail f., § 14 . b.¤ feirinnsgne, bail baininnsgne, Introd. 21.19 .

(a) state (of affairs), condition, situation: noi ṅgrad nime noebda a mb.¤ , SR 553. ros plage b.¤ immarbois sinful con dition, 1438 . monuar b.¤ alas the circumstances, 1425 . gan bheith íseal, olc an bhail, Dán Dé ix 33 . dar lat nocha b.¤ beandacht / damh ceandacht don mhac mhallacht, IGT Decl. ex. 1710 = b.¤ bheannachd, ex. 849 . ag so an bhoil do bhaoi uirthe / go bhfoil na mnaoi [meathl]uighthe, A. Ó Dálaigh liii 16 . dia do bhail what a state of affairs, Dánta Gr. 16.73 . ? Prov. boil an dá ḟíach, IGT Decl. ex. 692. b.¤ ri re etymol. gl. on blaidhre, O'Dav. 299. ? b.¤ beg d'ḟastadh brethe so sis (folld. by a list of maxims), O'Curry 2280 ( Eg. 88, 21a ). fri bualad ṁb.¤ , SR 6485.

(b) In favourable sense, prosperity, good luck, good effect: biaid a soborthan ┐ a bail ┐ a blath form (of a blessing), Fél. 154.20 (= b.¤ , Goid. 180.2 ). sech is bol is blathugud (of Colum Cille), Trip.² 1747 (b.¤ , v.l.). mór fodb asa fordercc bol (: c[h]an) `luck', Fianaig. 16 § 41. Druim Bethach fo baile bríg, Metr. Dinds. iv 260.22 . lais bail .i. as lais an maith sin do bith aici , O'Curry 1887 ( 23 P 3, 22 a ). ar ni nách bi b.¤ / ar croes is ar chol, LB 262b34 . díobh an craos . . . / an treas cúis ar nach cóir bail, Dán Dé xxxi 36 . inntleacht ar nach bí bail, O'R. Poems 3742. is fearr bail ná iomud, PCT 375. dá thopur . . . B.¤ ┐ Dimbal a n-anmanna, Lism. L. 2522. ? is craeb chumra cona blath /. . ./ is lia lógmor cona bail, Fél. 156.6 .

(c) Of the efficacy of a sacrament or judgement: do bhíadh bail ar an absolóid, Mac Aingil 4584 . gan buil ná ēiffeachd do bheith san bhreith, 1922 . bídh buil ar an bpósadh gan fhios, gan fhiadhain a clandestine marriage is valid, Parrth. Anma 3125.

(d) With prec. vbs. is (? leg. in) b.¤ dober Dia for mac ngar, LB 248 marg. inf. dobēra Día b.¤ (bál, MS.) fair God will prosper it, BColm. 60.19 (of milk which was afterwards miraculously increased). ar sgéalaibh cáigh cuireadh bail what men have said has been made good (?), PBocht 24.20 . dá gcuirthí ar na briathra bail if the story be put to good effect (?), 13.23 . bail nó caoi chneasta do chor ar éin-ní, TSh. 5118. ar an gcrábhadh do chuir bail perfected (of St. Augustine), DDána 59.15 . is adhuathmur in bail doberidh aina sluaghaibh, ZCP vi 101.3 . den-sa do bail fein re hiarla Ionutas `do thy will with Earl J.', 88.4 ; 49.2 .

(e) With prepp. ní bhiadh sé ar bhail . . . / gan tail nDé dá dheónaghadh he would not really be successful, thrive, Measgra D. 68.15 . ag seo chugat colann mheirligh,/ a Mhaic Muire, go mbé ar bail, Aithd. D. 70.26 . ar buil ┐ ar bissech in good case, BCC 302.20 . an chairt, mo chrādh! biaidh ar bail | ´s an lámh, ’na criaidh, ag crumhaibh intact, in good condition Celtica iv 115 VI . bídh a bpósadh ar bhail valid, Ó Héodhusa 200.y . bhar bhfreagra do-bhir gan bhail ineffective , Measgra D. 68.19 . dobail .i. cen bail, O'Mulc. 322. o'tconncatar meic Ruaidri cen bail orru `that fortune was against them', Ann. Conn. 1237.2 . cá huair bhíos an fhaoisidin gan bail ?, Donlevy 318.5 . Iordanen co mboil (: duilemhain) fortunate , Blathm. 171. a bé co mbail, IT i 70.17 ( LMU 5 ). F. . . . go mbail is go mblat[h], Anecd. ii 32.y . caingen co mbail [.i.] co maith, O'D. 1685 (H. 5.15, 29b). breatha co mbail, Ériu iv 138.9 . tech n-áiged na mbocht fo bail prospering , BColm. 100.21 . cupa nach bí lá gan fhleidh / cupa atá 's do bhí fá bhail, Aithd. D. 9.16 .

Compds. flaithbeandacht, balbeandacht, būanbeandacht, ZCP viii 560.20 . ? In n. loc. Builiath, Metr. Dinds. ii 32.91 . pn In epithet: Ceirbil Balmaith ingen Etair, Dinds. 158.

banb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. banb or dil.ie/5330

 

Forms: bainmh

n o, m. young pig: trét mucc . . . gegnaitsom b.¤ bec díb, LU 1742 (ICM). in b.¤ samna (the pig eaten at Samhain), O'Dav. 978. bainb beca, Laws i 190.16 Comm. crud .i. na laegh, ┐ na mbanabh, ii 366.25 Comm. ceithri maim cach bainb; . . . is lugu forsna banbu, iv 98.20 , 23 Comm. bainmh, 21 Comm. crain fhind co xxx b.¤ aici , Aen. 1805. In nn. loc. i nDaire Bainb i n-oirther Bladhma, Sc.M² 23. Druim Bainb, LL 27430. epscoip . . . Cluana Bainb, Gorm. March 4.

blegon

Cite this: eDIL s.v. blegon or dil.ie/6115

 

Forms: bleogan, blegan, mlegon, bleghan, blegain, bleaghuin

n bleogan, blegan o, m. later form of mlegon q.v. bleghan, m., IGT Decl. § 17. Later also blegain. act of milking; yield of milk, milking: iar mblegan na bó = vaccam . . . mulsit, Lat. Lives 86.2 . co tucad na bu . . . dia mb.¤ , Thes. ii 334.44 . oc blegón bó triphne, LU 6248 = oc blegan, TBC-I¹ 1748. b.¤ sé fichet bó, LL 1832. dobretha-si b.¤ sine dó, TBC-LL¹ 2415. a aithli bleogain a būair `after milking her kine', ZCP viii 266 § 34. bleogan na n-earc nIuchna `milk', Ériu ii 22 § 4. mná blegoin nísbligtís `no milk-maid milked them', Metr. Dinds. iv 70.29 . ag bleoghan nó ag crúdh na seacht mbó, Keat. ii 4702. doomlacht fo tri ōl nais caich m-bleguin (of a marvellous cow), AU i 188.8 . screpall cacha bleogain mista `of each monthly milking', Laws v 344.3 . bleghna a bó, IGT Decl. ex. 731. cet bleogun na mbo `first milk', Laws iii 38.29 Comm. an mart is mó géim is greadhan / is aici bhíos an bleaghan beag, Dánfhocail 52 . bleaghuin `to milk', Eg. Gl. 734. acht gu toirsidis do bleogain a mbo i meatraib, Laws v 276.23 Comm. I. mo derb mbleoghan budhessin (term of endearment ?), ZCP iv 31.9 .

briugu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. briugu or dil.ie/6874
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: bruga, brugaid, bruighi, brigu, brughaidh, brughaidhi, brughaidh

n d, m. (see Celtica xxiii 172-73 ) Also bruga. Later brugaid. Note n s. bruighi, Blathm. 773. brigu, LU 7096 (BDD), brígiu, Ériu iv 124.11 . brughaidh m., IGT Decl. § 21 ; n p. brughaidhi, ex. 781 , is a proscribed form, but brughaidh, ex. 782 , is correct.

Landowner, hospitaller, in later sources also farmer, yeoman. In legal texts the b.¤ is a rich landowner with a public function of dispensing unlimited hospitality to all persons in his hostel, which must be in an accessible position. For this he is given the same honour-price as the king of a túath , Críth G. p. 79. The tract Uraicecht Becc gives the b.¤ the same grade as the flaith or ruling noble if he has twice the qualifying wealth of the noble's grade, Laws v 76.1 cited below. He must further be hundredful (1 cétach), 10 , see Mac Neill, PRIA xxxvi C 16 (1923) 276 n. 2, 3 . comgraid b.¤ fri flaith dimbe diablad ceana lais gach graidh de tir ┐ trebad, Laws v 76.1 . ni bi b.¤ nad bi cedach; . . . Is e b.¤ andsin is coimdiri fri rig tuaithe, 12 ( ZCP xvi 176.1 ). comdire do rig . . . ┐ do briuga[i]d direnar cetaib, oca mbi caire ansic co na thochus techta, i 40.17 Comm. cach briuga ramatach every `b.¤' must have roads to his house, iii 112.12 . dleagar don brugaid, fer ar gach rod uad amach, co nach roisedh neach secha gan a digbail fris, no gan a tairscin do, v 16.13 Comm. airligud do briugaid nad e fulgadar folaith (one of seven borrowings that are not restored), 372.3 . saland tighe briugad (one of the inherent rights of every túath, due to every person), v 484.4 . na briugaid, ma gabait do láim in briugamlachta (sic) do congbail . . . is [s]aer iat ar cinaid a mbid ┐ ar cinaid inbleogan, iii 114.7 Comm. díḟolaig . . . br[i]ugaid i ngrádaib túaithe, Críth G. 480 `among the lay grades . . . hospitallers are not maintainable i.e. are excluded from othrus,' Ériu xii 86. ár is etargaire coitcend na briughadha do grés in cach crích a mbít (b.¤ recognized as common intervener in disputes , Plummer MS. notes), O'D. 1584 (H 5.15, 7). Note also: blai brugai im cach n-oenach, LL 37558 exemption of a `b.¤' (?) (from liability for noise) = blaī mescae, etc., ZCP xi 83.1 = blaī āne ech n-oenaig, 93.17 . an brugaid = vir dives, Lat. Lives 102 § 97. ingen ríg no roflatha no briugad, LU 10171. briuga ┐ aire desa / . . . / loargg dia sásad, LL 3734. a ceathair i nedoighibh brughadh four (colours) in the clothes of briugu's (the entry puts the b.¤ 's. rank between an ógthigerna's and that of a tigerna túaithe), AFM i 44.3 . dobreth biad dō ōna brigadaib, TBC-I¹ 3428. brugaid bíata dám, Fing. R. 496. creach brughadh, DDána 73.10 . ro ordaigh . . . brughaidh ar gach baile, AFM i 54.1 = singulis Burgis praefectum constituit (Lynch, Cambrensis Eversus), note q. baileda gen brugudu `yeomen', TTebe 3049 . doronta a ccoindmedh for choartaibh ┐ brugadhaibh, Hugh Roe² 98.30 . brughaidh broinn-teasgtha (rich) farmers (?) (denizens of hell), TSh. 6611. As pejorative: mac an bhodaigh nó an bhrughadh, Ó Bruad. i 134.2 . brugha boigbheolach, 21 .

With qual. adj., gen. etc. basa brugaid bíata dám , Fing. R. 496 . b.¤ cétach, in Laws Comm. understood as a b.¤ who kept a hundred men, a hundred cows, etc., see also Hy Fiach. 238 note h.: in b.¤ cedach, uair dlegur de ced fer i mbesaib mogad aici ┐ ced(h) cacha cethra lais, Laws v 76.15 Comm. in briugu cedach .i. ced cacha ceathra aigi, 26 Comm. Cf. also: do briuga[i]d direnar cetaib, i 40.17 Comm. cited supra. briuga cetach atacomnaic, LL 12753. b.¤ leitech see leitech. Note also: bo-briugaidh cedach. Ferbriugadh, tir imdha lais. Righ-briughadh, tuatha fo mam. . . Briugadh conaire .i. ri bis ac seilg. Briugadh dorn chliach, dornnchlaidh imdha lais, O'Curry 981 (H. 3.18, 423a). in brigu feda ┐ in abull fir cumra . . . ceithri ba . . . ina mbunbéim, O'D. 1676 (H.5.15, 28a).

pn As epithet: cend Blai Briugad, LU 11064. co Blai ṁBriuga, TBC-LL¹ 4884.

1 buith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 buith or dil.ie/7435

 

Forms: both, boith, buid, bith, bid, bith, bith, beith, bith, beith, bu(i)the, be(i)th, beith, beith, b. cen æccne, buid, buithe

n (orig. both ā, f. ? See GOI 170 , 186 ). both, Wb. 25a13 , 26b21 , Thes. ii 344.4 (Hy. v), LU 10943. boith ( a s.), Hail Brigit 13 . buid 9 times in Wb., once in Ml. bith, Wb. 5a13 (d s.), 11c10 (n s.), Thes. ii 329.36 (d s.). bid (d s.), Wb. 15a20 . Usual mid. Ir. form bith (b.¤ occurs 3 times in LU Táin as against 7 exx. of bith and 2 of beith, Ériu xvii 127 . In Trip. bith occurs 9 times, beith once, ZCP xvi 446 ). g s. bu(i)the (bithe cited GOI 450 ). In later lang. be(i)th (cf. nébeth = nebbuith, Wb. 9b17 (1 nem-), beith, Fél. Ep. 172 , BDD² 260 ). See PH. On LU Táin and Trip. see above. See beith, Desid. p. 270 § 28. an bheith, cert ar a comair aici (med na bethe (beithe) aice, v.l.), IGT Verbs § 7.

Vn. of attá. (a) being, existing. Occas. as vn. where finite form would be copula (see GOI 493 ): b.¤ nochtchenn, Wb. 11c12 . iar mb.¤ socumail, Ml. 44c6 . forṁbith iarmui do A., SR 3498. a mbith cobsaid, Trip.² 41. ar mbeith ollamh n-ealadhan `when he was perfected in his art', TD 3.9 .

Folld. by prep. governing accus. or dat. (see attá ff. and the several prepp.) nom. b. cen æccne, Wb. 2a17 . buid and `to be there', 5b43 . b.¤ i mbethid noib, Ml. 74d9 . b.¤ re lechdachaib, Sg. 6a8 . b.¤ (beith, bith, v.ll.) i ngéillius maicc Maire, Thes. ii 321.4 (Hy. ii). manitcoiscea son bith for usci ┐ bargin `if this do not check thee, then thou shalt put thyself on bread and water', Mon. Tall. 142.12 (§ 37) . bith dia deis hi flaith nime, Trip.² 284. ní rēith b.¤ fris it is difficult to cope with him, TBC-I¹ 1490. ní heól do B. bheith le cóir `knows not contentment with justice', TD 29.14 . accus. and dat. foruar buid cen engne, Wb. 2a18 . tri b.¤ isna fochaidib doib, Ml. 46c11 . asrubartsom b.¤ cen anland `he told (me) to go without condiment', Mon. Tall. 144.9 (§ 45) . at-bert na ragad, acht bith oc frithálim, etc. but that he would be, MU² 43 (see note). gan bheith le Dia, Dán Dé x 27 . i gcoimmeas ré bheith i n-éagmais, etc., TSh. 4436. gen. buithe innadiad `in that it is after it', Ml. 35b23 . buthe for longais gl. cum metu, 39a5 . ré hucht bheithe ag déanamh crábhaidh, TSh. 424.

With subjective gen. a mb.¤ immallei `that they should be together', Wb. 10a4 . is airchen á buid, 11d3 . for mb.¤-si in iriss, 14c43 . ar mb.¤ fo mám pectho, 21b5 . mo b.¤ i carcair, 23b21 . dliged buithe in boicht fo mam int sommai, Ml. 27d7 . a b.¤ ind remṡuidigtheo fodeod, Sg. 212a10 . a buitsem hi comsuidigud, 216b2 . a bheith conad fidh neimhidh e `its being a "nemedh" tree', Laws iv 170.14 Comm. bá córu a bith combad aegairi he should have been, Trip.² 210. madh ro cinnedh ré fair, is a beith for in ré `it shall be according to the time', Laws iv 132.18 Comm. a mbith ule that they should all be (so) (of list of precepts), LU 3508 ( SCC 27 ). innat-ḟail tall ?—Cosmail mo bith it looks as if I was, Fing. R. 977. do bith-siu ar bantincur mnaa, TBC-LL¹ 8. a beith-si 'ga iarraid, TTebe 2752 . ar sgáth a beith pósta aige, TSh. 5506.

With logical subject introduced by DO: buid domsa in iriss that I am a believer, Wb. 5b20 . buid dond ingin inógi, 10b20 . buithe dúibsi i peccad, 14d7a . ní eperr b.¤ cen peccad doib, Ml. 76a6 . bith má de do b.¤ daitsiu hi coimthecht oco `from thy being associated in it', Sg. 2a7 . b.¤ donaib ócaib cen bíad, Fraech 126 . bith, 129 . fuarais ó Dhia . . . bheith saoghlach dúinn, TD 14.35 . bheith don Bhanbha . . . / 'na héantuinn ḟaghla, 7.28 . ar mbeith slán dóibh when they are whole, TSh. 904. go beith ar meisge dhó, 2006 .

With prec. DO expressing purpose: do b.¤ in óentid coirp crist gl. uocati estis in uno corpore, Wb. 27b23 . do buid fom chumachtu gl. quos mihi dedit Deus, 32d7 . it hé atá chórai do b. i foitsiu thaige ríg, Críth G. 584. na tri .xl. aidchi do bith for usciu ┐ bargin, Mon. Tall. 143.22 (§ 42) .

In dependent construction x do b.¤ that x is, should be : ni coir descad pectho do b.¤ i sollumun agni , Wb. 9b13 . cumtubart do b.¤ isindí as quis , Ml. 46c 18 - 19 . ba compes ba riagoldae do b.¤ `that there should be c.', Sg. 57b8 . menmæ do b.¤ hi figraib in offrind, Thes. ii 255.13 (Stowe M.). far coin . . . / do buid la far n-echtrata, AU i 138.12 . Ísu a (leg. do ?) beth 'n-a mac mna pósta, PH 2677. ní háil linn sibh do bheith ainbhfiosach = nolumus vos ignorare, TSh. 8629. cionnas is féidir sin do bheith ?, Donlevy 246.14 .

Life, material existence : ar mbeith ┐ ar mbeatha, Parrth. Anma 2450. grádh do thabhairt . . . don bheith = el ser (Gloss.), Desid. 2362.

1 cáem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cáem or dil.ie/7590

 

Forms: cáomh

adj I o, ā

(a) dear, precious, beloved; belonging to the family : gaibid immib a n-etach macc cóimsa amal no ndad maicc cóima gl. sicut electi Dei, Wb. 27b16 ( GOI 224 ). im chorpu aiso coim `of their loved ones', Ml. 65c3 . inna gell choima .i. in maicc són `the dear pledges', 123c9 . co Críst coem tar dili `dear beyond affection', Fél. Ep. 66 . caem cách co hÉtain, BDD² 44 . caem incele coimshearcach, IT iii 12 § 19 . carthannacht cháomh, Párl. na mB. 2726 . ba caeom (coem, v.l.) do chlu, TTebe 3383 . In sense of noble (see II (a) below): beritt a n-aithbíu ┐ a marbu cóemu condicce airther R., Ériu iii 141.204 . In n. pr. Echtra Condla Chaim (title of a tale), LU 9991 . Conla Cáem, LL 13447 . mael caem, name of a metre, IGT Metr. Faults § 92 . Of objects dear, precious, valuable : cid cóem cid dichóem (of furniture). Críth G. 225 . sét cáeim, TBFr. 330 . cet[h]ri dorais ind cen brōn / bith oc ōl tria bitha sír / turib ciprib ūair is cæm / cōel fo tuighib d'itib en (of a house), ZCP viii 108.14 . ro dilaitriccsiot a ttemplu caemhu cumhdachta, Cog. 40.27 . cathbarra caem, Stair Erc. 735 . Of clothes: tlacht caom, ML² 499 . lenti . . . coema, Cog. 160.30 co n-edaigib caema . . . ar[a] eochaib, TTebe 4437 .

In phrase is c.¤ la: la Crist . . . / . . . it cóimseom they are beloved by Christ, Fél. Sept. 2 . nipo chóim less frinn gl. qui etiam proprio Filio non pepercit, Romans viii 32 , Wb. 4b12 . doberar fīn dō . . . corbo mesc ┐ asber fris, ba cōem leōsom a llindsin, nī tobrad acht ere .l. fēn leō they considered that wine precious, they had only brought a load of fifty carts(?), TBC-I¹ 1536 ( LU 6004 ); whence, mistakenly, caem .i. beg, ut est: ba caem leósum in linn, Ériu xiii 67 § 79 . coemh no caomh .i. beag, O'Cl. caomh .i. beag, P. O'C. Note also: caem .i. terc ut est inti dia mbi caeimiu in cethra .i. is terci, O'Dav. 484 , corresp. to: dia mbi caime in cethra, Laws iii 464.4 Comm. O'Curry 1388 ( H 3.18, 630ab ) adds: uair caem gach diuir ┐ diuir gach terc etc. = 230 ( H 3.18, 125 ).

(b) fair, beautiful, lovely : it cóema na heich am cóemsa dano a maccán ol Cu., LU 5070 (TBC). mo chú ch.¤ chain, TBC-LL¹ 530 . laoch caomh, TBC St. 4228 . cuirp coema, Cog. 178.12 . a M. in c[h]rotha caímh, ML² 47 . caomha na cláir ad-chífe lovely the lands, DDána 66.4 . fuinn chaomha Caisil, 74.14 . rath na cathrach caoimhe, Keat. Poems 1508 . grís chaomh ar car a smáile, IGT Decl. ex. 1066 . an mhaidin chaomh, ML² 1670 (see also , compds. infra). Of speech: coil ┐ cóim `simple and beautiful', Sg. 26a10 . briathra cóema cúmtaigthe, PH 314 . fitting, suitable, appropriate : ma do ti dam caem, Laws i 122.7 Comm. Of gender: aicned caemh . . . is i a sron no a suil na mna. Aicned n-eitigh . . . is i a fhiacail no a bhel na mna i.e. a.c. occurs when the parts of the body cited agree in gender with the sex of the person, Auraic. 598 , 3129 . ruidlius do indsge aiccenta caom. Dilius do indsge aiccenta euccaom, 3708 . Adv. ríg Connacht c.¤ doscomort `well he smote them', Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 50 , cf. coemh .i. coimhéimh .i. coimhésgaidh, O'Cl. caomh prompt, ready, willing , P. O'C.

Compar. ingen ríg bad chaímiu oldás, BDD² 79 . dírimm bas choímiu, TBFr. 47 . .ix. mna comiu mnaib, BB 355a19 . ben robo caoime cruth . . . inas, Stair Erc. 5 . Superl. ba sí . . . as caemeam . . . de mnáib domain, BDD² 41 . fer . . . as caíme di laechaib Hérenn, 959 . daoine . . . is caoimhe cruth, Measgra D. 16.13 .

II Subst. o, m. cáomh m., IGT Decl. § 96 .

(a) friend, relation; comrade : cach óen scaras . . . fria chóem ┐ a charait, LU 4506 ( TBC-I¹ 23 ). dia chaim no dia charait, SR 4144 . ni aithgnead cóemu na cairdiu, LU 5921 . dia ch.¤ .i. dia chloind ┐ dia shetchib, LB 143a35 . cen choim cen gilla, Rawl. 142b1 . d'furtacht chaeím, na coiccele, AFM vi 2266.17 . síol gCéin ba caomh d'éileachaibh, Content. xxix 26 . Cf. sainchóim ind ríg gl. maxime fidelium, Wb. 28d5 .

(b) noble, aristocrat : caemh .i. uasal, ut est caiti faill caem? . . . .i. in t-uasal cen fiallus manchuine ica comét, O'Dav. 521 . coem .i. comes .i. coemtechtaige rīg .i. nī bī fer dond rīg quam illi unde caem dicitur , O'Mulc. 235 . coim Ereand, Anecd. i 3.10 ( SCano 53 ). eter rígu ┐ chaemu, BDD² 53 . in tan con-gair Fīnsnechta / cucai a chōemu huile, Corp. Gen. 77.17 . do rochair for rí ┐ do rochratar for coím, LL 276a35 . oc togerad c.¤ nErenn, Dinds. 117 ( RC xvi 68 ). na diamra ro chrech in c.¤ , LL 4364 . áilim Mothairén in breo / tabrad ceo darm' chaemusa (: Aengusa), SG 389.42 . blaī būaid cuirmthige co coīmaib the privilege of the ale-feast with nobles (one of the occasions on which a lord is exempt if subjects are hurt), ZCP xi 93 § 28 . Hence used of company, entertainment : caem .i. fledh (quoting the prec. ex.), Ériu xiii 66 § 68 . caomh .i. fleadh, P. O'C. banchóem female noble , see 1 ben. By inference(?): cóem .i. fili [ut est] a chóemu cláir Cuinn cóemfind. O'Dav. 363 . caomha .i. eolaidh no uaisle, O'Cl. ni coí crábaid diar caemaib, LL 591 ( .i. d'eolchaibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 66.16 note). Cf. maccoím.

(c) fair or beautiful object or person: 'sin choem chomardach, LB 124b11 = 'san chaomh chomhordhach, Keat. iii 2054 (of a flag). 'na chaomh béime a beauty of a stroke, Párl. na mB. 3261 . baili na cluinter caem na failti na cumsanad, YBL 86a8 . teacht i gcaomh chaomhnach ar gcairdis ghrinn, Hackett² xxvii 2 . Of a person: rap í in ch.¤ a chetmunter the beautiful one was his wife, LL 17766 . Maodócc an caomh cneis-réidh `M. the fair', BNnÉ 261 § 221 .

Compds. Of family relationships: caomhathair, caomhmathair, caomhaide, caomhmuime, caomhbhrathair, caoimhsiur, caomhaindear, caoimchele, caomcomalta, go mba hógh go lúi lethdire, dia mbeid aoinbheóil aoinchiche etc.., Ériu xiii 16.14 . ben cen caemchéile spouse, CCath. 2233 . dia chaomh chenel fein, AFM iv 1374.1 . ní fhágfadh ben dinn 'ga coimhfher mate, Ériu i 16.12 . ón ti is comfocus do da caimfine, Laws ii 284.15 Comm. accomul a comuir doib re caemfine, 358.19 Comm.

General. With nouns: ar a chaomhairilleadh, ┐ ar a deighbhésaiph, Hy Fiach. 76.2 . caembachall fri hursclaidhe uadh (weapon for a cleric), Laws iv 360.21 Comm. at soer im cach coemcha[i]ṅgein / amal iasc bis hi trethain, SR 8195 . addeoch-sa na coemcainle (caindel) saints, LL 1021 . Cirine cruit coemhchiuil, Gorm. 30 . manid gau dó tria choemcheilg because of his lucky snaring(?), SR 2866 . tria choemchēil, Fing. R. 660 . tucsat ar coemching hi cacht, LB 228 marg. inf. cliath ra heclais mairg dogní / do neoch danáil a chaimchlí, LL 19301 . ata muir imma coemchness, Rawl. 77b32 . fri inmescad cóemchóecat, LU 8889 ( FB 68 ). mo shaoth a chaomh-chorp i gcróchor, Keat. Poems 19 . im chóemchostud na fledi fair arrangement of the feast, MU² 211 . ferr cīall inā cæmchruth (prov.), ZCP vi 260.23 . in cú ruadh . . . / comad táisech caemchuaine leader of a fair pack (used ironically), SG 57.2 . oslaicfitir coemdoirsi, SR 8189 . dúthracht cennsa ┐ . . . / cāemdūdracht, ZCP viii 215.2 . cupáin aici is caeimeascra, Acall. 783 . A. cóemfer, Gorm. Apr. 16 . ar fedh caomh-fód (fhóid, v.l.) a chrioch féin, BNnÉ 259 § 218 . ar egnairc na caom-geine (of Christ). Ir. Lit. 98.1 . As n.pr. do Chaemgen, LL 27272 . coro chuired re Cond cóemgleó, 3252 . car an chaoimh-láoi, RC xxix 112 § 7 . Flaith Fáil car an cháomhlaithi / ag car áir na hénlaithe, IGT Decl. ex. 132 . i fhorbtha . . . in chaem-laithi cedna, MR 106. 12 . Eua co coemlí, SR 2082 . caomhloisi .i. caomhlasair, O'Cl. amal timsaigit oíc . . . ceatra for carrcib co cáemlucht cruaid, Alex. 358 . dho chaomhmaisi an chlobhsdra `decency', RSClára 44.14 . coemrád, SR 2750 . nírop seóta sír-thaiscius / sernas do cách caémhratha `who apportions good grants to everyone', Leb. Cert.² 150.24 . a Chú cosin caemriagail, TBC-LL¹ 3672 . co mbad chennach dia cóemréir, LU 4296 ( SG 84. 25 ). no co cumad a caemrus (:tūs) `compact', Fen. 362.2 (see rús). in ghleiri caemshluaigh (of a poetic company). Auraic. 2229 . domun cona choemsoillsi, SR 8191 . dorochair di a coemthlacht, 1296 . nogegainn mo chōimthoga, ZCP vi 267 § 11 . oenanart tairsiu anechtair / coemthoracht cia comnertaid, SR 4286 . coemthuicsin cach neich, 8000 . cáomh-thúarasgbhail na banoighe, Ériu v 88.24 .

With noun forming adj.: Cathbad cóemainech, IT i 68.14 . coemainech cloth bán, 70.2 .

With adjj.: inghen cruthach caomhaluinn, RC xxix 140 § 61 . rigon . . . chaemcasto, IT i 145.5 (corresp. to cæmgasta, ZCP v 502.16 ). mac d'Airectonius caemcialla Tros, BB 412a21 . Críst cóemdil, Trip.² 1631 . Cirill crinna caemdruin, Gorm. March 9 . cathmīlid cōemḟata, Corp. Gen. 8.10 . fer cáemḟuar, Mer. Uil. 250 . in ingen chéilligh c[h]oimghenmnaigh, Ériu v 148.30 . carn-ḟolt caomh-ghlan, Keat. Poems 68 . cen gúasacht coemnar, SR 1037 . co coimsolom, BB 45a16 . banscal cruthnach coemtrebar, SR 6296 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: a Ch. chaemchlessach, TBC-LL¹ 3542 . ar miasaib coimdenmacha cruindi, TTebe 468 . o chloidheamh . . . coimealtach, IT iii 12 § 19 . Caillin caemfertach, Fen. 194.15 . Ō C. caemhfhuighlech, Caithr. CC 85 . cáemgnéach (of a hero), LL 6700 ( RC xxix 211 § 2 ). coemhichtaig .i. coemgnimaig gl. cumachtaig, ACC 42 ( RC xx 176 ). taidiu corach caemlindtech. Acall. 2674 v.l. a ccuanta caomhthurcarthacha, AFM vi 2362.19 .

With verbs: .vii. ṁbliadna a coic ro chaemchaith, LL 14962 . cororcoemchinni co gle / nitgluase, nitchumscaige, SR 1619 . cia crabud nar caemfhuill `did he not lovingly increase', Gorm. Sept. 23 . naomhcathir . . . cus caomhthathaig an muir mall, ZCP x 53.12 . With partt. fon sruth coemcoisrectha duly consecrated, TTebe 3608 . sciath . . . go ttri rothaibh caoimhdhentha credumha, ZCP x 279.21 .

2 cáemdae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cáemdae or dil.ie/7608

 

n , f. (com + immdae) prob. double bed, large bed, but not clearly dist. from immdae: coemda .i. lepaid, ut est nó coemda tairsig fri dorus tighe .i. nó i lepaid a farrad tairsigi i leth re dorus tigi, O'Dav. 420 . clár ndara iter cach dí chóemdai, Críth G. 102 . bean doguidtar (dogoaithur, v.l.) caemda, Laws v 292.22 `a woman whose couch is rejected' (reading diguathar with H 3.18 ) (of a class of women entitled to separate from their husbands), Binchy, Jn. Celt. Stud. i 150 - 51 . In etymol. glosses: nesam comaitribh doib a leith ina caemda naitreib, Laws i 80.10 Comm. a comaitreib .i. . . . a caema da (sic) naitrib, ii 362.4 Comm. (cf. Stud. in E. Ir. Law 26 ).

Of cohabitation : ar chuit choemdha `in the matter of cohabitation', Blathm. 154 . fer forindit caemdu, Laws v 132.5 .i. . . . claenan, 134.20 Comm. O'Dav. 511 . sec[h]mal caemdha uil aici , O'D. 2374 (Rawl.B 506, 45a). ben aidhes a caemdha dia tairngirther a coibche, O'Curry 981 ( H 3.18, 423a ) = oides a corp, Laws v 272.4 . Cf. cáemtha.

cír

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cír or dil.ie/9187
Last Revised: 2019

 

n ā, f. See also s. cuirrél.

(a) comb, rake : c.¤ nó slind gl. pecten, Sg. 63b12 . cir chuirréil aircit connecor di or aici , IT i 119.12 ( TE 3 ). mac in chírmaire a llus ch.¤ let the comber's son follow combs, Ériu ix 49 § 33 . cirmairi . . . do niat na cira, O'Curry 2131 (H.4.22, 86½). slicht a chíre ina ḟolt (one of the signs of a fop), Triads 103 . c.¤ aga cur a cend Adhna / míl seng dubh gach ladhra lé, IGT Decl. ex. 967 . ? Cf. a chir i cuile / a chreabhair cuiligh, IT iii 91.12 ( BB 293a14 ).

Transf. set of teeth : in uair is aimser dona fiaclaib fás dlighid na banaltranna im do coimilt do cir in leinim, Irish Texts v 46 § 30 . ? fiacla cirí cleth icurghais, IT iii 101.5 . is mé do coguin fam ch.¤ / dá én lánméthi Léithín, Eg. 1782, 49a2 (cited Meyer Contribb.). beathadhach . . agá rabhadar trí cíora fiacal, TSh. 1025 . Hence cognaid in c.¤, a ch.¤ chews the cud : ac cognam a cīre, Corm. Y 603 . gach uile bheathach . . . chognas an ch.¤ , Deuteronomy xiv 6 = chognas a chíor, Levit. xi 3 . Of honey-comb: is cíor mheala bríathra millsi, Proverbs xvi 24 . cuid do ch.¤ mheala, Lk. xxiv 42 .

(b) crest, tip : cóica urla . . . amal chir ṁbethi no amal brethnasa bán óir, TBC-LL¹ 1376 (see n.). cunid samalta ra c.¤ ṁbethi ra dered fagamair . . . glantaitnem a fhuilt (of warrior), MU² 586 . c.¤ draigain fair `blackthorn crest' (of a hedge), Laws iv 112.15 . fo urcomair na ciri draigín, 114.4 = círe draighin, O'Dav. 868 . erbi imme oc imaire / fo ch.¤ blonci bratgile `under a blossom of white-mantling lard', MacCongl. 37.34 . Of helmet: co facaidh cira na ceinnberta, ZCP vi 35.x . do tulaibh na scíath ┐ do círaibh na cathbharr, CCath. 1878 . In phrase c.¤ thuathail: go ndiongnadh féin cíor thuathuil don teagh that he would turn the house topsy-turvy, PCT 644 . Cf. ac cumtach c.¤ im chorraib na luṅgi, LL 30952 = c[o]ír (untranslated), TTr. 134 .

As n.pr. m. dá Ch., LU 6521 . In nn. loc. see Cúl Círe, Hog. Onom. Cf. a C.¤ a Currel na mná `the Comb', Metr. Dinds. ii 22.53 .

Compds. (see also cír). With nouns. ¤baccán see círach. scéith . . . co círbachlaib, TBFr. 39 (`crest-stave ? some ornament on the shield, apparently rods (of metal ?) inlaid with bronze', Gloss.) = ZCP iv 33.x (cirbaccanaib, v.l.). a cuicela ┐ a cirbolga ` comb-bags ', Laws iii 290.3 Comm. is and rogab a chírchathbarr . . . im a chend crested helmet, LU 6434 ( TBC-I¹ 1921 ). ar cir-ciomsaib cathbharr ` crest-borders ', CCath. 3617 . batar fo chircolggaib cath / i crinchumgaib na catrach (of Paul and Silas in prison), SR 7415 . banchoimhedaid do chir comraraib Meadba comb-caskets , Folklore iv 58 § 56 = do cirib ┐ do chleraibh, BB 391a23 . cét cailches círchrotha, Airne F. 101 . tairthe . . . ar gcíordhubhadh (: míon-Mhumhan) ` dark-crested ', Aithd. D. 4.7 .

With adjj.: co ccathbharraibh cíorchroma ` curve-crested ', Hugh Roe² 148.31 . do bháindéad eagair 'na chaiseal tiugh cíor-dhruidthe, Hackett² 16.41 . a gcorráin cama cír-ghéara, DDána p. 382.27 . See círdub, círgal.

Load More Results