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1 aidech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aidech or dil.ie/864

 

n [ā, f.] (see Vendr. Lex.) milch cow: inand . . . sé aidecha na crithi gablaighi ┐ se buar na cána fuithirbi, O'D. 969 ( H 3.17, c. 679b ). nach tecar ón aidig gan a beith ina lolgich, ib. buachaillí aoidech cowherds, O'Gr. Cat. 121.36 . aidech .i. cumal nó fiach slān do lāimh rathe .i. aidech sies teora aidecha ina baos ban-apad, O'Mulc. 102 . aideach .i. loilgeach, Lec. Gl. 354 . aideach no aoideach .i. lolgach no bó bhainne, O'Cl.

2 aidech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aidech or dil.ie/865
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj harmonious (?) UR 139-40 : aidech (æidheach, v.l.) n-aicetail 'harmonious (?) reciting' 114 § 24 . See also 2 aithche, 2 uidech.

2 aithche

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aithche or dil.ie/2584
Last Revised: 2013

 

n (? 2 aidech ) harmony (?): t[u]csi a.¤ ciuil cuigi (i.e. Fer Diad) d[o toirmesg] amenman, RC xi 320 § 72 (TBC.) tucsi aithchi ciuil cuigi d'urgairdiugud a meanman, ZCP x 307.14 . in uair do cluinid bindius no aithi ciuil, Ériu xi 178 § 3 . In concrete sense, a type of musical instrument : musica insdruminntalis .i. in ceol noch ata is na hindsdruiminntibh ata airid de is na tedaibh mar atait timpain ┐ aithchi ciuil ┐ a cosmaile, Éigse xix 400 .

1 aithech,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithech, or dil.ie/2605
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: athach, athaig

n o, m. (aithe). See LEIA a.¤ (cóir), athach, eathach (lochdach) m., IGT Decl. § 11 , § 55 . Note however, athaig (g s.): athair, Éigse viii 290 § 12 and n. 0

Lit. rent-payer; vassal, peasant .

(a) In legal contexts used of a particular class of tenant and sometimes to describe the commoner as opposed to the noble. See Críth G. p. 74 ; ZCP xv 245 . ethach .i. quasi aithech .i. doniter a aithe for neach, O'Curry 105 ( H 3.18, 70 ). a.¤ .i. fer braith ut est taidhe cach a.¤ .i. is amail gataide in fer braith nó in fer forinaiter féich, O'Dav. 37 . Cf. táid gach a.¤ | a.¤ gach ainbh, Ériu xiii 20.14 . a.¤ = briuga, Harl. 5280, 53b (Plummer MS. notes). athaigh .i. íocaidhe, O'Cl. flaith ┐ a.¤ `lord and vassal', Thes. ii 238.12 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). fri tige cach na.¤ , Ml. 92d15 . athaig ┐ bachlaich domeled sin uile, SCano 345 . flaith athuigh na bid flaith a athair i.e. a noble whose father was a commoner, `Bauer-Herr', ZCP xv 245 § 4 . ní dlig a.¤ mraich cor[o]p flaith, Críth G. 254 . díre n-aithig honour-price paid by an a., 530 . athich cacha slointe di ṡhund huma anechclann the commoners of every family from here on with their e., Rawl. 118b38 . adnacol do cholaind aithich thuaithe a peasant of the tribe (laity?), RC x 82.12 . soifid roúall . . . i mmaccu a.¤ .i. grád fene no chille, LL 188c1 ( RC xxvi 42.1 ). ait[h]ech cách co hEogan húais, ZCP viii 299 z . ísel cech athech, Tec. Corm. § 15.15 . ó a.¤ co righ, ML² 836 . athig i comairli ríg / mairg tír i tic in scél, Ériu ix 48 § 23 . aondath i n-éadach moghaidh, dá dhath i n-éadach an aithigh, Keat. ii 1918 . aithigh Laighion / siad ós maithibh measfuidhior, LBranach 5776 = DDána 117.16 . gach saoirfhear ann badh aitheach, 72.32 . Prov.: as ait[h]ech cāch gan deōladh no one is so exalted but he can do with assistance(?), ML² 162 .

With qualifying clause, gen., etc. a.¤ ara-threba a deich (so called because his stock is numbered in tens, and represented as standing midway between the ócaire and the bóaire, Críth G. p. 77 ): cateat fodlai bóairech? dá ḟer midboth(a) ┐ óccaire ┐ a.¤ arathreba a deich, 17 . a.¤ arathreba a deich, deichde a búar sidi, 132 . a.¤ baitside (baitsid, baitse), meaning doubtful; is é a.¤ baitside inso dia mbé in[n]a enncai cen gait, cen brait cen guin doíne acht láa catha nó nech toṡaig a chenn fair, Críth G. 142 and n. a.¤ forrtha (fortha), one appointed to take the king's place in legal actions against him, see forrtha.¤ im athechu bunaid (.i. na aithig ḟortha) im athechu cis (.i. na doerchele), Cóic Con. 21 § 14 .

(b) In pejorative sense churl, boor, uncouth person: contall a chenn dind aithiuch labar, Ml. 58c6 . in triar a.¤ . . . ro anacht Cú Ch., BDD² 1287 . robo leanamnach int a.¤ ( aidech , LU), TBC-I¹ 1207 . ni thecat da fuapairt / acht [mad] athig mith, TBC-LL¹ 3371 (see meth). is duit dosratsam ┐ ni dont ṡenaithiuch ucat (of Rónán), Fing. R. 67 . ni tú as cóir dia chairigud . . . a.¤ samlut (of Lugaid Mac Con), RC xiii 438 § 9 . bríathra athig churlish words, LU 5450 (TBC). in t-eathach, Acall. 5532 . dias aitheach oc ingairi cairech, YBL 122a2 . cumala ┐ athig na Pers, Alex. 390 . athig ┐ doeraicme, TTr.² 1303 . ar ba haitheach somh a h-ucht treóin `being a plebeian representative of a hero', AFM iii 178.17 . a tigh aithigh ┐ áonmná / caithidh sibh an cáomlá ar cúairt, IGT Decl. ex. 363 .

In phr. a.¤ feda base tree (oppd. to aire feda). Used of letters of the alphabet: athaigh feada, Laws iv 146.19 , 24 . airigh fedha ┐ athaig fedha . . . athaig fedha .i. fern, sail, bethi etc., Auraic. 1151 = aithig, 4249 .

(c) giant, monster: immacomarnaic dó ┐ don scál. tresi cluchi ind athig, LU 8538 ( FB § 39 ). da aitheach forgranna, Aisl. Tond. 98 § 1 . ar neimib a n-arm na n-athach n-uathmar n-agarbh, BB 43b1 . lorg in fhathaigh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1006 . ris an athach darbh ainm Goliath, TSh. 10937 . combarala dam ┐ dond a.¤ (of the Cyclops), Mer. Uil. 56 . ethach ┐ arderrad ┐ fogmoir, Stair Erc. 1290 . is i in [n]aithir neime .i. in t-a.¤ aingide (of the custodian of the Garden of the Hesperides), 254 . tú an aithir sheang . . . / is ceann aithigh uirrei-se, DDána 50.10

COMPDS. ¤-aicme vassal tribe: seacht n-aitheachaicme robadar isin tir re tiachtain de Uib Eachach, ZCP xiv 44 § 6 . ¤-lus lit. churl's herb (protection against the evil eye ? Celtica xxiv 38 ): righlus ┐ tarblus ┐ a. . . . a. do ghradaibh feine, O'D. 2365 ( Rawl. B. 506, f. 43b ). ¤-matad base dog (term of contempt): ni tocrad dam int aitheachmattud [do] gleid (glieid, LU) frisin coin moir, TBC-I¹ 1228 . aithechmadad druthsotal, 1594 . ciarso dúal don athiuch-matud saigid forsin árchoin, TBC-LL¹ 1935 . ¤-phort rent-paying town: trí aithechpuirt (.i. bailte bodaich) Hérenn: Clúain Iraird, Glenn Dá Locha, Lugbad, Triads 33 and note p. 36.

¤-thúath subject people (see Mac Neill, Early Irish Population-Groups, PRIA xxix (C) 59 - 114 , O'Rahilly, EIHM p. 154 ff. ): ro díbdáit uili cland Ugaine Máir la athechthúathaib Herend . . . ┐ ro gabsat athechthuatha Herend flathemnas Temrach, LL 7308 . ba di athechthuathaib Herend dó, 14616 . na haitheachthúatha ┐ Cinél Conaill . . . ag argain an bhaile, Ériu v 76.16 . le daorchlannaibh nó lé hathachthuathaibh Éireann, Keat. ii 3702 . annam lib athechthuatha do tháinsemad bartrenfer, LL 238b25 ( TTr. 1617 ).

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báes, baís

Cite this: eDIL s.v. báes, baís or dil.ie/5136
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: baíse, báos, báois, báosa, báeis, báeise

n ā, f. (1 báeth). Also baíse [, f.]. báos m. g s. báois, báosa, IGT Decl. § 38 (87.17) . báeis f. g s. báeise, § 14 (69.1) .

(a) folly, levity; play, sport; frenzy: inna baise gl. hebitudenis, Ml. 33c2 . in ṁbáis gl. chebitudinem, 124c17 . mōr mbāis, . . ./ mōr coll cēille, ACL iii 215.y . na bid fri baisi ṁbeltrúaig, SR 3890 (to complaining Israelites). baes fomrig folly holds me back, IT iii 12 § 22. gabala báise cis lir ? . . . bretha díana, dúscud ferge, folabra gúach, Tec. Corm. § 14.1 . atái ar báis/a chléirigh ní chanai gáis, SG 26.41 . Cf. Dán Dé ix 8 . is mé ar baois ag caoineadh an áirdfhir distraught, Keat. Poems 423.

(b) Legal, incapacity, lack of judgment: cennib gaeth acht nis n-ellne a baes provided that his incapacity does not defile it (sc. his `fine'), Laws iii 54.5 . tre feirg forrain (leg. feirge forrán ?) sceo baisi buaidred, 112.3 Comm. [ g]aibiut baetha cachta indliged .i. is taidbsi baisi don fir cachtus . . ., ii 76.20 Comm. baes inna mbretheman nad inmedatar a ndalai dligidh, 130.16 Comm.

? baís(e) banapad: siachtatar .ui. haidhicha ina baisi banapadh `six `seds' is the extent of the fine for entertaining a proclaimed person unawares', Laws iii 60.3 Comm. aidech .i. cumal nó fiach slān do lāimh rathe .i. aidech sies teora aidecha ina baos ban-apad, O'Mulc. 102.

Attrib. g s. wanton, frivolous, sportive, playful, appertaining to play; frenzied: gebid a bunsaig ṁbáisi, TBC-LL¹ 888. rith báise a wild rush, 893 . taem báisi risin mbas-crann `the knocker had been smitten with frenzy', Ériu iv 116 § 25. comhrádh baísi, IGT Decl. ex. 633. amhail fhear baoise nó buainghealtachta, TSh. 5957. For phr. baire baíse, see 1 báire.

(c) wantonness, lust: ní ar báes nach ar báegul ro dalus-sae friss, IT i 127.4 = ní ar chul no amles . . ., LU 10769. nach ingen dogníd buís dar cenn aurnaidm, LL 37043. romet a bais intib 'very much lust in them', TBith.² 196 § 77 . baos .i. drúis, O'Cl.

As quasi-vn. an rí 's a rígan . . ./ ic baeis dōib ann, ic búaphud, BColm. 88.21 .

cesnadach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cesnadach or dil.ie/8837

 

adj (-aidech ) o, ā (cesnad) troublous, grievous; `querulous' (TSh. Vocab.): bliadain chalad chessachtoch, acht ger bhó cesnodach, tedhmandach hí `of suffering', ALC ii 230.x . connlán cneadhach ceasnaidheach gan chodhnach, TSh. 6620 .

esbadach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. esbadach or dil.ie/20392
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj o-ā (esbaid)

(a) wanting, lacking, deficient: in Laws, Comm.: mad esbadach ní do fleid if any portion of the feast be deficient Laws i 126.28 . cen cumad esbadach acht in aenmad rann fichit dib though but the one and twentieth part should be deficient in them iii 362.13 . aithgin i[n] neich is esbadach `compensation for whatever is deficient' 460.27 . in tan as chutrumma sesid...is esbadach don chundrud, Cóic Con. 19 § 11 . With ar: is leth-eneclann is esbadach aire `lost to him' Laws v 164. 9 . With ó: cuitig airm is esbudach uathu, iii 510.19 . is easbadach a leth-eniclann uad, v 50.29 ; 34 z ; 164.3 . an phian easbadhach pain of deprivation TSh. 2044 (contrasted with p. ghníomhach, 2025 ). Incomplete, imperfect: a ní iomlán...a ní easbhadhach, 1 Corinth. xiii 10 . sí uime dob easbhadhach, TD 24.7 .

(b) defective, deprived, damaged: cia ro thomail ní don uig easbadhaigh ? (of a partly-eaten egg) MR 24.21 = FDG 178 v.l. cona terna acht aonchath easbadhach `one shattered battalion' AFM ii 1098.18 . RC xviii 173.15 . ba hesbadhach Goill ┐ Gaoidhil `suffered great losses' (in battle) AFM iii 388.5 . vi 1986 . nó in áoinní dob esbhadhach aitherrach 'or any thing which might be otherwise notoriously defectiue' (w.r.t. religious practices etc.) Ériu xv 126 § 15 .

(c) injured, disfigured: ó a mbeith ainmheach easbhadhach, ML 144.4 . go rabhadar taoibh ┐ ochta ┐ aighthe ┐ easnach go heasbhadhach aca on iomghuin, 138.13 .

(d) needy, in want: na druinge bhíos easbadhach = egentium TSh. 4667 . an bocht ┐ an t-easbhuidheach, Psalms xxxv 10 . don duine chráite ┐ don e.¤ , lxxxii 3 . do scrios an bhoicht... agus a neasbhuighidh, Proverbs xxx 14 .

(e) in wider sense lonely, forlorn: ra adlaicsed [an bantrachta] curpu a carad ┐ a cæmceilead ┐ dochuadar...da tigib co cæinteach easbadach, TTebe 4919 .

fochaidech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fochaidech or dil.ie/22414

 

Forms: fochadhach

adj o-ā enduring tribulation, afflicted (standing epithet of the patriarch Job): amail Ioib fochaideach YBL 166b22 . tre Iob foc[h]aidech , Anecd. ii 10.21 . fochadhach, Lism. L. 4500 .

fúasaítech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fúasaítech or dil.ie/24679
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj o-ā (fúasaít) of speech, etc., atbert Flannán go fuasaidech ` explicitly ' Misc. Hag. Hib. 111 (= Betha Naile § 35); perhaps = in prophetic wise, with regard to the nature of the follg. utterance. Cf. (of the roar of the waves at the birth of Conn) ag freagra in da thonn ... ua[s]aīdech oile, ML² 1308 (easlabhar ML 94x ). re foscad fáidhemhail fuasaídech fīr-truag na téd ominous (?) MR 168.23 . do labhair go feargach fuasaideach friu (of one bringing urgent tidings) ML 52.28 . ro ráidh ... go fergach frithir fuasaoídheach, Ériu v 78.16 .

lenamnach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lenamnach or dil.ie/29899

 

Forms: lenmanach, lenmunach

adj o, ā (lenamain). Also lenmanach.

I

(a) Of persons persistent, importunate; enduring: o ropu tromda iarom ┐ ropo l.¤ in t-aidech , LU 5680 ( TBC-I¹ 1206 ). as liosda lenamhnach dhuit ueith dom lenmhuin, BS 42.18 . ? cach flaith . . . / ó Nín co Léo lemnach lang / ro rím co hengach aen Ḟlann, ZCP x 271.3 (leg. lenmnach ? 272 n. l .). Of an animal: ce[tnat] cromm lomm lesc liuntach l.¤ , Ériu vii 6 § 7 .

(b) Of an action, process, etc. protracted, enduring; of enduring consequence(?): cia mesam ái airechta? . . .Ái lonn l.¤ fota, Tec. Corm. § 25.4 . cath Lúachra, ba l.¤ `stubborn', RC xxix 212 § 11. Cf. teidmlenamnachu gl. pestilentes, Ml. 15a9 .

lecc l.¤ see lecc.

II As subst. follower, successor : lenmunach gl. sequester (Ir. gloss prob. suggested by Lat. sequitur), Ir. Gl. 1040. gan papa na Romha bheith . . . na lenamhnach ┐ na chomhairba Pheadair, Luc. Fid. 312.6 .

? órdaigthech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? órdaigthech or dil.ie/33978

 

n gilt ? cetra clāir i n-uillib ordaigh- theacha, BB 241b35 (of the Jewish Tabernacle) = ina hullib forordaib, LB 120b29 . Of. órdaide.

tromda

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Forms: -ae

adj [-ae, io,iā] (3 trom).

(a) oppressive, importunate: nír bommar utmuill oc foigdi inter vos nó nír bommar tromdi, Wb. 26b14 . o ropu t.¤ ... ┐ ropo lenamnach in t-aidech , LU 5680 = thromtha, TBC-I¹ 1206 . robās oc etarguidi fair co t.¤ , 2147 . tromde iarum robúi frisim ind chaillech oc atach dé co mór, Mon. Tall. 130.11 . miscneach cach t.¤ , ACL iii 229.100 . is tromdai atai ... forsin righ, Lism. L. 2573 . is t.¤ atai rim, RC vi 183.12 . gidh tromdha tathaoireach tarchuisneach atáim-se, DDána 111.24 .

(b) heavy, sad, weighty, serious: t.¤, in trath ropo thrú `heavy the hour' (Corr.), Metr. Dinds. iv 122.17 . a chliath chorrgha thromdha thoghdha, IT iii 88.21 . ro-ptar t.¤ a roisc o'n chotlud, PH 3061 . an corp t.¤ talmanda, TTebe 4167 . maith bean i n-eaglais na naomh, | tromdha ar tulaigh dignified , Dánta Gr. 5.50 . breatha tromdha an Tighiorna the weighty judgments of the Lord, A. Ó Dálaigh lii 37. troigh sheangbhán as tromdha i dtreas formidable , DDána 102.41 . fá duine tromdha tuigseach an fear so, Desid. 552 . fer ... gá mbiadh betha ghlan dhiadha tromdha, Mac Aingil 413.12 .

2 uidech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 uidech or dil.ie/42952
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: uidheach

adj o-ā musical, harmonious , P. O'C. uidheach .i. odhach .i. ceolmhar, O'Cl. See also 2 aidech .

Cf. 1 od ?