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fritháilem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fritháilem or dil.ie/24418
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: frithalim, frithailem, frithalim, frithalmi, friothailme, frithálam, frithólam, frithalma, friothólamh, -álamh, -a, frithólamh, -álamh, frithóileamh, -áileamh, -óilimh, -áilimh, -álam, -ólam, -áilem, -óilem, -álaim, -aim, -ólmha, -áilte, frithailme

n ā, f. ; later also o, m. (vn. of fris-áilethar). a d s. fri frithalim , SR 5058 (but : fri frithailem , LU 8043 ). ic frithalim , SR 1187 , TBC-LL¹ 1088 , etc. g s. frithalmi, SR 1200 , cf. friothailme, Leb. Gab.(i) i 34.6 . In later manuscripts also frithálam, or frithólam (-um) ; g s. frithalma, LL 107b13 . friothólamh, -álamh (f. ; g s. n p. -a) IGT, Decl. § 37 ; frithólamh, -álamh (m.) § 100 ; frithóileamh (-eolamh v.l.), -áileamh (m.) § 101 ; -óilimh, -áilimh, f. § 150 . As vn. -álam, -ólam, -áilem, -óilem, m. Also -álaim etc. f., Verbs § 70 . g s. -aim ib. ex 612 . -ólmha, 613 , -áilte, 609 (see fritháiled).

Often found in association with frestal and influenced by it.

(a) expecting, looking out for (orig. sense) : ra thoegat saide ... co fáitar i nEmain ... ra frithalim comergi Conchobair (i.e. in expectation of, to attend the rally of the Ulstermen) LL 95a6 ( TBC-LL¹ 4928 ). atbert na ragad acht bith oc frithalim lochta a chríchi fodesin (Cú Chulainn refuses to go to the feast because he has invited his own people to one) LL 262a15 ( MU² 44 ). boi oca ḟrithalim co cend mis. ni thanic, LL 278a48 . oc frithalemh cia aimser nó reghad, TTr.² 222 . robatar uile ina tost ... oc frithalum na scel no indisfed, Aen. 409 (= conticuêre omnes, intentique ora tenebant Aeneid ii 1 ).

(b) catching (something thrown) : na nóe slega rodibraiced air a frithalum 'na laim clé ┐ na .ix. líathroiti ... a fritholum 'na laim deis = catching the nine spears that were cast at him in his left hand and the nine balls in his right Acall. 5834n .

(c) anticipating, making provision for, preparing , with gen. of thing : tegdas ... fri frithailem tomalta na fleda LU 8043 (FB). tanic Culand connice a dun ... do frestul ┐ frithalim lenna ┐ bíd, TBC-LL¹ 964 . fer frithalma mōre ... .i. Bricriu `a man of great management' [of making great preparation, provision] Ériu iv 30 y ( LL 107b14 ). Abram ... ro chennaig in n-inad ... i frithalim a adnaicthi as a burial-ground for himself (= Gen. xxv 10 ) Rawl. 73a33 = ic fritholum, BB 6a11 .

(d) waiting on (a person), ministering to the needs of, supplying: ic frithalim ... na n-anmanna, SR 1187 . ní dlegait lōn leo for sét acht ... ri Érenn da bfriothailimh the king of E. supplies their wants ZCP viii 116 § 12 . na cethri airm déc batar ic Conchobur ... ic frithalim na maccáem ciped mac díb no gabad gasced, TBC-LL¹ 1088 (= fri hagaid frithailme St. cf. ... fri gabáil ngasced do neoch LU 5046 ). coic tret ... ┐ cét n-arathar ag frithalum a tigi for the service of his household Aen. 1727 . baí faill fritholma ra [leg. ar] in clerech ag in chailligh , BB 233b7 . ni lemtha airbernad ar a cudich no ar a [ḟ]ritholmu (sic) `his share or his supply durst not be lessened' Cog. 50.6 . tair ... linne co nderntur do frestal ┐ do fritholum acoinne, CCath. 1667 . ag denam friochnama ┐ fritheolma fair, BNnÉ 104.9 . Cf. friochnamh ... ┐ fritheolmha do dhenamh, RC xxix 219 . rena mnai fritholmha, Oss. v 74.2 ( Tromd. Guaire 685 , where -mha, like -mu in Cog. 50 , may indicate a late vn. form : -ólmhadh). Of service or attendance in wider sense : ica frestal ┐ ica fritalam amal gach cumail, CCath. 1149 . caeminailt fritholmha Oilealla ┐ Medhbha, ZCP viii 542.10 (= c. comaitechta, TBC-LL¹ 1554 ). ionad mna friotháilmhe d'fhagháil, Desid. 1257 . ... gillai ritholmha dó féin of one of his own attendants AU 1168 . gilla friothalmha, Oss. v 42.22 . gan digh ... dh' aithiaraid | ad tigh re feadh frithálaim during the dispensing IGT III ex. 612 . In a special sense : díl fritháilti an fear 'ca mbí | do bean ḟritháilte a Ruaidrí ib. 609 .

Of things, functions, etc., attending to, looking after, discharging: co nach raibi cáithlech ātha i nErinn gan Gall dáer ica frithalom fair `to work it' [attending it for him ? But cf. Cog. 116.9 ] Fianaig. 86.16 . friothailemh eaglusdachta, Todd Nenn. ciii . na tratha do frithalum to observe the canonical hours Laws v 124.18 Comm. lucht fritholma an aifrind , BCC § 69 (= ministri altaris Reeves Ad. 104 ). aonmhaiccléireach amháin do bhíodh ag friothólamh an aifrinn dó serve him at Mass Keat. iii 999 . friotháileamh sollamainte na n-uile shacramainteadh, Desid. 4963 . Cf. dul ... do dhénamh an ḟritheóilti si `for this administration' (i.e. to communicate the sick) RSClára 88a . do dhénuid friothólamh dhó minister (to the Tabernacle) Numbers i 50 .

Esp. of attendance on the sick: do iarra mna do frithalum na mna bis ... fri idhna, Laws i 300.5 . sir bean frithámhla di 'look for a midwife for her', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 233 § 67 . fritheólamh na n-esslán, RSClára 112a . aos galair cona lucht fritheólmha 78b0 . Cf. cona ffritheolmhaibh oireamhnacha amhail iarraid a n-aicíde, 111b0 (an inaccurate rendering of the Engl.).

Of treatment : ise an t-adhbhar morgaithe is coir do rithaileamh ar dūs it is the corrupt matter we must attend to first 23 P 10³, 16b31 . In pl. ministrations (?) : tri firtorithne no tri frithailme (gl. teora frither) Laws v 452.7 Comm.

(e) in hostile sense coping with, withstanding (an enemy or an attack) : [secht mūir] fri frithalim n-ilchatha, SR 5058 (of Jericho). ba handsa ... fulung a fergi ┐ frithalum a mha[c]comlaind, Aen. 2570 . nach aitni damsa i nErinn sluagh fritolma Uladh a host able to withstand the Ulstermen TBC-LL¹ p. 747 n. 5 (St). co na betis i n-etarlēn frithalma ar cind a bidbad, LL 172a45 ( CRR 9 ). nior bho urusa fritheálamh a bhforráin, ML 134.2 . Cf. ro buí slógh ... for bruachaibh in tsrotha ica fritholumh (of the British resistance to Caesar), CCath. 187 . ni mo chean ... tarrla re freastal no re fritholamh na fairrgi ... sin unhappy those who had to tackle that sea CF 42 . adnaig ag drem frisi mūr ┐ na Troīandaigh ica frithōlum dona mūraib, Aen. 2233 . robui a comair frithōlma na foirne fīrnāmat tānic ... cugi was ready to tackle Fianaig. 72.7 .

Absol. : in frestal ┐ in frithólum dobertsat forro, CCath. 1711 . in fritholum tucsat Danair ... fri Dal Cais, Cog. 188.11 . dobeir frithalum fair in conair tainic, Aen. 2622 (= speculatus in agmine ... obuius ire parat, Aeneid x 769 ). Transf. of a person : ni fil for Eirinn ... frithailem Chuind a match for C. Anecd. ii 7 .

gredáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gredáil or dil.ie/26567
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: gredháil

n (Med. Latin gradāle, Celtica xiii 135 ) gradale (i.e. book of antiphons): hoc gredale gredháil, Ir. Gl. 854 . Domnach Aibinti tosach gabas in gredail ┐ in lebar aifrind , Lec. 170vb6 ; rocum Grigair gredāil glan | isan aiffrend ard ūasal | da facaibh 'na inad ān | dar cum Grigair in gredāl, ZCP viii 115 § 29.

pápanach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. pápanach or dil.ie/50606
Last Revised: 2019

adj o, a (pápa) Roman Catholic : an t-aifreand Pāpānach, Carswell² 19.623 . nós an aifrind phápānaidh, Carswell² 107.3771 . san Eagluis phāpānaidh, Carswell² 107.3748 . As subst.: go ndénaid na Pāpānaigh ... sgeth a scandaile am adhaigh féin, Carswell² 112.3944 .

1 tonn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tonn or dil.ie/41386

n ā, f.

I

(a) wave: ba teipirsnige aicned inna t.¤ , Ml. 129d5 . ba sī in tond dar cach n-ald, Hail Brigit § 24 . fo thonda searba sāile, Ériu ii 26 § 9 . ni cluichi mad tind ri ruind, ix 48 § 24 . Íssu úas tuinn tuili, Fél. Prol. 250 . úas. tuind trilis `over a sparkling wave,' Fél. Apr. 23 . co tachim thuinni, IT iii 246.85 . co rus báidh t.¤ tuile ann hé, Acall. 55 . Hence foam: cnes mar thuinn, Rel. Celt. ii 220.x . As a measure of distance: diles i muirbrethaib airi ruanada dar nae tondaib, Laws iii 422.1 .

(b) outpouring: teora tonna torunni, Wb. 27a14 (of baptism). is ann sin tucad t.¤ baitsi Críst tairsibh ac Pátraic, Acall. 317 . d'fhuil a baisde ┐ a bhonn | tond baisde do chuir bar ceand, IGT Decl. ex. 1989 . cét cell co comlantus tuinne cailig aifrinn, Lism. L. p. 317.14 . tri tonna luigi ... tri tonna in chailidh aifrind draughts , O'Curry 989 ( H 3.18, 425a ). o taisbentar na tri tonna and .i. tond sceithi ┐ t.¤ fola ┐ t.¤ comna `vomiting and haemorrhage' ( Ériu xii 130 n. 2 ), O'Curry 2100 ( H 4.22, 75 ). cor rethitar da thuind as a sliss, PH 2874 . uchán adrochair Aillén | táncatar a tri tonna, Acall. 1746 . [aghadh] ar thuinn cneadh gcroidheadh, DDána 40.7 . go smuainim ar tonnaibh an taobhochta, Aithd. D. 55.5 .

(c) in figurative expressions: fri toind t' eólchaire oḟadib wave of homesickness, LU 10043 . tangadar na tri borbtonna dó .i. t.¤ fergi ┐ t.¤ éoid ┐ [t.¤] ainmfesa, ZCP xiii 204.14 . cf. conda-dic intond inburbi chétna, MU² 673 . rob é sin ... in lám anuachtar ┐ in t.¤ báis os borbbuidnib, Acall. 5930 . t.¤ báis bá romh rod báidhe, AFM i 472.11 . dom thanic tond diummais, LL 273b42 . rolínustair t.¤ danatais a criche, Lism. L. 3043 . tic iarsin t.¤ diadhachta co Finnchua, 3045 . tond do diúmus, Anecd. ii 68.10 . do cuireadh fa cráibh mBeithbhi | tonn sceoil bregi buaiderthi, Ériu iv 214 § 7 . nī cōir crē nā talam thorum | acht tond brātha, beg in ḟerg, ACL iii 242 § 6 . an t.¤ brátha ráidhtir ribh, Aithd. D. 2.8 . co toirtea tuind mbroin ar B. `wave of woe,' Cog. 120.25 . i ttuinn fhichidh mh' aigeanta, Studies 1921, 75 § 13 . a th.¤ bháidhe as ann do éirigh | clann táidhe arna déinimh dhínn, IGT Decl. ex. 1209 . do dhoirt tuinn dá thrócuire, Dán Dé xx 29 . i n-ainm ... toinne an teasbaigh ... tug ar lasadh guth na n-apstal, Ó Bruad. iii 78.5 .

(d) sea: co ro gésetar tri tonna hErend, TBC-LL¹ p. 866 n. 1 . síl qind co traig tuinde, IT iii 14 § 27 . im chaithem tascair do thuinne, Laws i 166.25 .i. in tascair do cuirither do tuinn, 170.12 Comm. síothmhagh gá tarbha na thuinn, Content. xxx 28 . do ní tráigh do thuinn leabhair, Dán Dé xxviii 39 . Erind tuath o thuind co tuind from sea to sea, Laws iv 344.19 . Hence: conid tregdad o thuind co tuind teachtas ` from end to end ,' Auraic. 1726 . fáiltíghis tonn ┐ tír roimhe, ML 40.3 . ní thuigim, ar tuinn ná ar tír, Dánta Gr. 3.14 . for tuind ro élai a lluing a athar, Arch. Hib. ii 72 § 30 . asbert ... téssed for tonna, Thes. ii 310.1 . ro ḟacaib hi forsin tuind, Metr. Dinds. iii 206.13 . fos-raemet ind eóin forsin tuind, BDD² 141 . seantraigead fo tuind `an old bridge under the water,' Laws iv 142.27 Comm. ar thóchim do thír fo thuind, Metr. Dinds. iii 236.22 . gá goire dhúinn dul tar tuinn across the sea, DDána 60.40 . fer tuinne salmon (?): fil cend fir tuinde foltcha, Hib. Min. 47.19 . fer tuinn[e] .i. brattan, ut est fil and cenn fir tuinne, O'Dav. 1014. torc na tuinne porpoise?: stáec thuirc na tuinne, RC xiii 46.15 .

(e) abundance: cáin tonna [tige] hui Eogain, Corm. Bodl. 20.5 . a th.¤ do cheōlaib clērig, Bruchst. i § 83 . atbath ar t.¤ indmais, § 129. bruiden t.¤ ┐ tened, § 144.

(f) bog, swamp: cuithecha ┐ tonna crithe, O'D. 1570 ( H 5.15, 5a ). cechair .i. tonda crithir, O'Dav. 514. fo cechair .i. tondach for a huachtar .i. tonn crithech .i. crandach, Laws v 138.18 . an tan thuiteas an t-asal i dtuinn, TSh. 4400 . Cf. 2 tonnach.

II

(a) surface: gach deghnáemh ro-chés | os tuind talman tíos, Ériu iv 236 § 10 . ón ló ro thuit ar tuinn talmhan, ML 86.26 . t.¤ ḟeóir tar a himdhadhaibh, IGT Decl. ex. 1655 . ná tuadaig tond talman torut, LU 9302 = ná tudchaith tont talman tarat, Anecd. iii 52.2 . fo thuinn talman, SR 4124 . a cur fo tuind talman, RC xxiii 428 § 50 . fo tuinn uill ūire, ZCP vi 265 § 19 . atāid anu do nos Ailella ... na tri trēighe fad thuind menma, ZCP ii 341.2 .

(b) land, earth: ala t.¤ ... .i. alaili tir .i. ala ferann, O'Curry 416b ( H 3.18, 229a ). bíadsum gach t.¤ toraidh, ZCP x 347 § 15 . lecht meic Cuind atchíd | co tuind dar a thaíb, LU 9988 . ocht n-ech ocht carbait ar tuinn, BB 28a37 . a pheacaigh atá ar an dtuinn on the earth, A. Ó Dálaigh xlii 8.

(c) With gen. of description: gu raibi Eiriu na h-aéntuind crithigh da'n coimeirghi sin, Hy Maine 137.3 . baoí Ére for a chiontt na héntuinn choccaidh ┐ cendaircce, AFM v 1680.19 . na h-én tuinn fhiataile ┐ fasaigh, 1784.3 . coicceadh Uladh ina linn lain ... ┐ ina thuinn teccle, vi 2142.11 . ina h-en tuinn bróin ┐ basgaire, 2264.3 . bheith don Bhanbha ... 'na héantuinn fhaghla, TD 7.28 . atá sé ó sin i le | fa aontuinn fhíochmhair fheirge, 8.29 . do bí Ere 'na tuinn técht, Anecd. i 33 § 63.

(d) skin: nosdītin ... conná riacht toind nó foéschum fair, TBC-I¹ 1681 . nī forroim cid drisiuc for toind dō, 1206 . tri fuilt batar air, donn fri toind ..., 2025 . allus tiug ar toind cen tinne, Corm. Y 179 . māt .i. muc, unde est isna Brethaibh Nemed: forrūachtatar māta mo t[h]uinde torgabāil, 876 . ┐ ní aidleth toinn ná féoil, TBFr. 127 . brissiud cnama cumma tuinne, LL 119b52 . do thógoibh tonna mo chinn | faídh in gadhoir is binn guth, Duan. F. i 83 § 16 . ro chuir a thuind ┐ a srebhann úadh, Sc.M² § 17 (R) . lith ┐ tond lanamain (.i. gene) na traiged, Auraic. 1816 . prionnsa dearbhtha é t.¤ is tairbhfhéith `hide and sinew,' Ó Bruad. iii 80.5 . fo thuind under the skin, secretly: mebal fo tuind fosluide | cid fiada fuilt ḟindbuidi, ZCP vi 267 § 3. is serc bo báidiu fri bliadain mo sherc | is cuma fo thuinn, IT i 124.11 ( TE § 9 ). do shearc go dtara fam thuinn, DDána 60.18 . Conall Cernach, crúas fo thuind, Metr. Dinds. iii 442.31 . a-tá an gol is-tigh fam thuinn | ag cor libh gin go labhruim, Aithd. D. 10.14 . ag fadádh istigh fam thuinn | iomdha agra nach admhaim, Dán Dé iv 3 . atá an tuirrsisi fam thuinn | mar thoirrcheas n-elphant aguinn, Studies 1918, 453 § 16 .

Compds. ¤aile fence against the sea, dyke: atait secht n-aile ... tond aile, tracht aile, Laws v 270.14 . tond aile .i. donither risin tuind mara, 23 Comm. ¤balc strong of surface: cein bidh leo talamh tonnbalc, Anecd. ii 35 § 10 . ¤bán white, fair-surfaced: im thoebu talman tonnbain, SR 6162 . dorigned talum tondban, KMMisc. 154.102 . roleblaing talam tondbán, LL 169a50 . ¤band sea exploit (?): bioth nir bo toi a tonnbann .i. nír bo tostach a buille for tuinn, Leb. Gab.(i) i 60.1 . ¤benn wave top: rith tar tuinnbennaibh Duine Sobhairce, BS 92.17 . ¤bláth of fair surface: Temair tonnblath, Fél. 226.23 . ¤blechtach with waves of milk: um chlar toinnbhleachtach Tailtion, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 18 § 26 . ¤borb of fierce waves: ana treithibh taibhtheanna tonnbhorba, CF 200 . ¤bras of strong waves: co haigen na ttroscc ttonnbras, Leb. Gab.(i) i 96.4 . ¤búan firm surfaced osin Temraig tailc tondbúain, LL 129a45 . ¤buide yellow; surfaced: rosmarb in teidm tondbuide (sic leg.), Arch. Hib. ii 92 § 6 . dāeine in talman tonnbuidhe ` yellow-visaged ,' Ériu iii 144 § 10 . ¤chith copious shower: na toinncheatha bréana briomstóin, TSh. 6198 . ¤chlár surface: tonnchlár in talman, CCath. 1116 . ¤chrithid trembles like a wave: do thonnchrith m' inchinn, ITS iii 110.5 . ¤ét wave of jealousy: do neartuigh ... i gceannaibh na toinnéada, Ó Bruad. iii 16.9 . ¤gáeth wave-wind: mar thrasgarthar an teach le tonn-ghaothaibh tréana, TSh. 9137 . ¤gairthe bright-skinned: dá ghnúis thonnghairthe, Studies 1918, 452 § 3 . ¤gel bright-skinned, bright-surfaced: Dauid tonngel, SR 6270 . ocon tsāle thondgel, Arch. Hib. ii 83 § 13 . traighthi toinnghelu, IT i 120.7 ( TE § 4 ). ar aonach Teamhrach toinnghile, Studies 1929, 593 § 1 . ¤glan pure-surfaced: tipra tondglan, Anecd. i 61 § 93 . im Themraig tond-glain, Metr. Dinds. iii 442.34 . a thoebh go tonnghlaine Acall. 1476 . ¤gnúis surface: tar dreich in domuin ┐ tar tondgnuis in talmun, BB 236a6 . ¤luascad act of tossing in waves: ag tonnadh ┐ ag tonn-luasgadh mheanman an pheacthaigh, TSh. 9497 . ¤maigrech salmon-waved: a lind báin tonn maigrigh thigh, Ériu iv 224 § 43 . co Drobhaois ttorcharthaigh ttonnmhaighrigh, AFM v 1590.11 . ¤mín smooth surfaced (?): cona ffiodhbhacaibh tailce toinnmhíne, Hugh Roe 212.28 = AFM vi 2126.19 . ¤phort wave-bank: ar in slis os tonn-port des, Celt. Rev. iv 218.14 . cen time fri tonnportuib | os grian mara, RC xiv 62.13 . ¤thaidbsenach wave-displaying: comsiledh comramhach tonn-táibhseinach, CCath. 265.