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Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-suidi or
Last Revised: 2019


Forms: atsuidhim, adsudi, a-t-suidi, a-ta-suidi, -asstai, ad-suidet, ad-suiter, ad-dom-suiter, -astaider, ad-suidetar, adsuighidter, -astaiter, asta, -astad, adsode, a-ta-sode, -astae, -asta, -astat, roastar, -astatais, adsuife, -astaibther, adrosoid, atrosoid, adsaidh, adrodad, -asta, roasta, astide, astaithi, astad, fastód, astaid, fastaid, fostaid, astaigid, fostaigid, fastóid, -astád

v (* ad-suid-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 637 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. atsuidhim, O'Curry 1066 ( H 3.18, 440b ). 2 s. adsudi, Ml. 114c6 . 3 s. a-t-suidi, Sg. 66a20 . a-ta-suidi, 64b3 . -asstai, Ml. 114a19 . 3 pl. ad-suidet, Sg. 4b15 . Pass. sg. ad-suiter. Ml. 68d5 . ad-dom-suiter, Thes. ii 3.33 . -astaider, Sg. 3a4 . Pl. ad-suidetar, ZCP xiii 22.11 . adsuighidter, Laws iv 142.z Comm. 144.2 Comm. -astaiter, i 30.27 . Ipv. 2 s. asta, LU 2983 . 3 s. -astad, Wb. 10d7 . Subj. pres. 2 s. adsode, Wb. 10a9 . a-ta-sode, 10 . -astae, Ml. 55a19 . 3 s. -asta, Ml. 126a6 . 3 pl. -astat, Wb. 29a16 . Pass. sg. with ro: mad roastar , Ériu vii 154 § 3 . Subj. impf. 3 pl. -astatais, Laws iii 2.2 . Fut. 3 s. adsuife, CMT² 30 § 29 n. Pass. s. -astaibther, Laws i 192.4 Comm. Pret. and perf. 3 s. adrosoid, Ml. 97d16 . atrosoid, 39a16 . adsaidh, O'Curry 469 ( H 3.18, 246 ). Pass. sg. adrodad, Laws i 52.3 . = atroadh, O'D. 19 ( H 3.17, col. 397 = CIH v 1897.11 , Contract Law 222 ). Pl. -asta, Lism. L. 2514 . roasta, LL 22122 . Part. astide gl. adpensum, Ml. 20a22 . Vbl. of necess. astaithi, Laws v 286.11 Comm. Vn. astad, fastód.

Later as simple vb. astaid, fastaid, fostaid. Also astaigid (fastaigid, fostaigid). Cf. fostaid, fostaigid. Occas. with long vowel in second syll.: fastóid, LU 2109 . -astád, TTr.² 1141 (see under fostaid). IGT Verbs § 64 , § 80, 106 . See also assoith.

(a) stops, holds back, detains, hinders: nach nastad in cretmech `let the believer not detain him', Wb. 10a7 . ci atasode lat ar écin `though thou keep her with thee perforce', 10a10 . atrosoid gl. (se mali uicisitudine) suspenderit, Ml. 39a16 . ni astaider ┐ ni timmorcar fri slond nintliuchta gl. quae a nullo affectu mentis proficiscitur, Sg. 3a4 . atomsuide serc Dé, IT iii 51 § 95 . adrodad fri less na túad / isin port co bráth it has been detained for the good of the people, Trip.² 786 . asta dinetan fort cind stop a little while, LU 2983 . timchellaid . . . múr . . . ┐ fastóid (astaid, v.l.) anmand inna pectach, LU 2109 ( FA 17 ). coro asta na heonu cen togairad C. so that the birds were prevented from calling to C., LL 22122 . im amus ceneoil do denam de dus i n-astaibther no tuilithe do radh ris to know whether he will be kept or be regarded as an interloper, Laws i 192.4 Comm. dia mbed da clad íme . . . adsuitear leo `he is restrained by them', iv 158.3 Comm. . . . eoin ┐ énluithe Leithi Mogha do thiachtain cuigi isin crainnsin co n-asta uile acasom, Lism. L. 2514 . o samain co medón erraig ro hast ind imguin ultu, RC vi 188.15 . astaid da n-ag dibh he seizes two deer, v 200 § 12 . mad roastar cach mil díb i mbethu lasin merlech if each of these animals be detained alive, Ériu vii 154 § 3 . Intrans: asdofe (gl. no adsuife) ant ór ina broinn 'the gold will stick in his belly', CMT² 30 § 29 .

(b) Legal fixes, makes permanent or legal, binds, establishes: ni astat nadmann in diupairt bonds do not bind such a fraudulent arrangement, ZCP xiii 22.29 ( Bürgschaft 10 ). cenisnasta naidm na raith adasuidhe dliged law establishes them, 24.1 (§ 39). astud cáich hi coruib bel, ar ro buí in biuth i mbailiuth mani astaitis cuir bél if verbal contracts were not binding, ZCP xvi 176 § 6 ( Laws i 40.24 ). man[i] astat cuir bel . . . cia beth dono cuir bel and adsuidet adi, Laws ii 130.2 Comm. atsuiter cuir bél la Feine amuil ad-rodad Adam ina derbdubairt: at-bath in biuth uile ar aenuball `as Adam was bound by his deception' (i.e. the Fall was considered as a contract whereby Adam exchanged the immortality of man for an apple), ZCP xvi 177 § 13 . fosuid cach aititiu adsuidet folaid, Laws iii 10.8 . cona ndilsi feibh as dech atsaitar (no atsuitar) dilsi, Ériu ii 4 n. 46 . atait .x. nailche annscuichthecha atsuidet cach ndilsi, O'Curry 416b ( H 3.18, 229a ). ?adsuighe crích cadesin . . . ar id comarda criche insin that defines a `crích', Laws iv 142.24 . With FRI and FOR: it e trénailche in sin frisa n-astaiter bretha in betha for those are the strong rocks to which the judgements of the world are bound fast (i.e. which support the law), ZCP xvi 175 § 1 ( Laws i 30.27 ). nī nī nach breth berar . . . nad fri hapstal n-uasal n-astaigther (nascaider v.l.) i.e. no judgement is effective unless a holy apostle guarantees it(?), Corm. Y 1224 ( Anecd. iv 106.19 ). adsuidetar tra frisna [na]dmann so ┐ ni diuprat, is de ata adsuidet naidmann ┐ ni diuprat they are held binding (as valid) by these `naidms' but the latter do not guarantee fraud; therefore it is said `naidms' bind but do not cheat, ZCP xiii 22.11 ( Bürgschaft 9 § 25 ). is misech maine astaithur fri som(m)uine n-aircendcha he is entitled to do this when he is not bound by dues already given, ZCP xv 248 § 6 ( Laws ii 210.15 ). Cf. also: at-chíu a chlaideb . . . ina intiuch . . . conid fri crúaid n-aurrdric n-aister, BDD² 1037 . ni asta rudrad rugnassa . . . manab for ailchib udhpart astaiter, O'Curry 2471 (Eg. 88, 38a2). nach breath nad astaiter fors nach aei (i.e. on `fír' and `dliged'), Laws v 10.4 . Note also: atasuidi for sobus íar córus fine `he holds them (viz. the aforesaid dependents) fast to good conduct (i.e. he must see that they fulfil their legal duties)', Críth G. 341 and note. adsuide fis .i. dia festar for nech olc do denamh adsuidhe fiacha(ib) fair it makes him liable to fines, O'Curry 483 ( H 3.18, p. 251 ). cia met i n-astaither cach dib `to what extent each of them is confirmed in his rights', Laws iv 344.8 . Note also: mani astat in da recht peccad foir unless the two laws convict him of sin, Wb. 29a16 . With IN-: atsuidi neutur isnaib anmannaib in es a n-accomol fri neutur i n-immognom `their connexion with a neuter in construction establishes the neuter in the nouns in -es', Sg. 66a20 .

? for-tabair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? for-tabair or


Forms: fortabhraidsi

v overbears, overcomes (?) : baidhidh drochleigniuda fortabhraidsi co n-ailchib testemna `he drowns bad scholars whom he confounds with rocks of testimony' Laws iv 356.13 . [overwhelm ... overcome (?) ; -ta- may be an infixed pron. The vbs. are evidently pl. 2].


Cite this: eDIL s.v. léignid or
Last Revised: 2019


n i, m. (léigenn) learned man, scholar : clēthe Laigen lēgnide, / suī slān chief among the learned men of the Laigin, Bruchst. 106 § 2 (of Cobthach abbot of Cill Dara d. 870, called sapiens ┐ doctor, LB 101b63 ). lēgnidhe na mBretan, Corm. Y 211. ? sruth do aill . . . baidhidh droch-leighniudha fortabhraidsi co n-ailchib testemna ┐ cedfaidhi, Laws iv 356.13 . aes óg, sacairt, leignidi, SR 4390 . do menmannaib inna legnidhi, Hib. Min. 1.3 . adcós úaim dhuib, a legnicch (? leg. -nidi), nach fo lim saotar an tslecda so do graiffnedh orum, CS 8.y . do réir in légnid légas, Metr. Dinds. iv 246.4 . ba hollom berla Féne, / ba leigind leire mebra, 344.84 . leignidh ┐ fellsamh roglic, BB 488b15 . morleighnidh primhcoitcheann amail Origin, Lism. L. 3322 . ben bui ina legnidh i lLadin ┐ i mBerla ┐ i nGoidhilc, AU iii 348.9 . léighnidh dhúinne do dheimhnigh / Hibernus ainm an gheimhridh, Content. iv 14. ? tri chaegait Rom, tri chaegit Francc, | cae(g)a (d)o Breatnaib fo tri, | tri caegait do Lugair legnaidi, CGSH § 737.3 .