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2 achtaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 achtaigid or dil.ie/209

 

v (3 acht, 6 acht).

(a) In Laws Comm. in etymol. glosses on passages containing 1 acht stipulates as a condition: achtaigim co ndliginn glossing acht is pennuit ailes otrus, Ériu xii 16 § 20 . acht dlegar .i. achtaigim gu ndleagar . . ., Laws iv 172.y Comm. da n-achtaigthea re airithe orra `if a certain time had been specified for them', i 146.4 Comm. is achtugadh ro achtaigestur (leg. -setar) . . . na hicfaidis a cinuidh, ii 170.7 Comm. is amlaid ro hachtaiged a nic sein, iii 152.15 Comm. ma ro achtaighedh eiric urraid ind bodein ┐ nir achtaig a beith ina claind, 390.19 Comm. a'r achtaigsit orra `as they had agreed', v 488.19 Comm. See echtaigid.

(b) decrees, ordains: achtaighim cach dara duine nochonatdothid ann é, Anecd. v 24 n.4 . achtaighim conamuigh terbertar na hie íso ina coire, 25 n.26. do achtuigh . . . nach laimheóbha . . ., Ériu xv 84 § 4 . orduigheann, achtuigheann ┐ fuaralann oruinn a ghuidhe, Trompa na bhF. 8298 . actuighidh féin gan . . ., Párl. na mB. 2621 .

2 aí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aí or dil.ie/715
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: aui, uith, uath, úad, uaidh, n-uath, ái, ai, , aibh

n t, m. (? Orig. neut. Celtica x 83 ). Earliest form aui (monosyll.), GOI 206 and ZCP x 446 . Later f. a s. uith, IT iii 5 § 1 . g s. uath, ib. in úad , O'Dav. 6 . d s. uaidh, O'Curry 370 . (H 3.18, 207a). g p. na n-uath , LL 5088 . With non-dental inflection a s. ái, Corm. Y 74 . g s. inna ai , RC xxvi 21 note 5 . n p. , Auraic. 742 . d p. aibh, IT iii 87 § 96 .

Poetic inspiration, learning; metrical composition: Dlighedh sesa, a treatise on the genesis of aí, Ériu xiii 35ff. (See notes and Corthals, Akten Linz 127-47 ). itat coic æ and .i. æ ailes ┐ æ chanas ┐ æ aiges æ mides ┐ æ suides, Auraic. 408 (see Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 65 ). caill crithmon . . . .i. caill asa tāet cless na uadh (clesa n-uad LB) ind airc [h]etail, Corm. Y 237 . felmac .i. mac ūad; fel .i. ái, 599 . ái .i. airc[h]etul, 74 . felmac .i. fel ai ┐ seis . . . .i. mac sesa ┐ mac uadh .i. airceta[i]l, O'Dav. 880 (see Ériu xiii 35 ). ái no áoi .i. éigsi no éolcha, O'Cl. féth .i. áoi no ealadha, ib. ic fethugud ai, Rawl. 108b34 = LL 187a11 . aithne damh homa re hæi .i. re heladain, ZCP v 483 § 1 (B. na f.). dochanaid aoí do cretaibh féth, Ériu xiii 17.11 . tiasg aoidh no uadh anmain Dé, 38.2 (= tiasc (sic leg.) ai i n-anmain Dé, O'Dav. 1564 ). tuarustal n-úadh ann so, 18 . ara theintemhlacht na mbríathar úadh ar is nemhnech bríathra in dána iter, Cóir Anm. 240 . cetharda condegar co hæs nuath do airic 'ma nuith, IT iii 5 § 1 . is fis o menmuin amh in ae, O'Dav. 991 . alt .i. aircetal, ar is alt in úad for it is a division of poetry, 6 . comiditer alta uad fri haltaib ín duine the divisions of prosody are compared to the joints of a person, IT iii 122.24 . cia halt huad . . . alta nan huad, Auraic. 1577 . tlachtga na n-uath dub a n-aerthar etc. , 5234 . acht mad æ roscichestar inna menmain .i. dliged gotha . . ., 488 = in aei, 2985 . fri comuaim n-uad, 3538 . dia coibdealachas a (=ó) huaidh on account of his artistic kinship with him, O'Curry 370 ( H 3.18, 207a ). sai uadh a sage of poetry, Laws iv 358.4 Comm. cain teasbann teim essgal sceo ni ain ni hain ai is mo hae is moam mo ain (.i. mo rosc ar focus no hai is lim indi as moo dom ainius) (the poet Dallán finds compensation for loss of sight in inner hearing and his art?), ZCP iii 224 § 13 (Amra Senáin). almsana is aoi / dá ndáil don lobhar is don lag, Measgra D. 59.14 . d'fhior go n-aoi, TSh. 5766 . Of Muses: da comfoirti na naoi nae, Celtica ii 71.45 . tomus a.¤ measure, quantity in verse(?): caide tomus cach hae a illabaibh? IT iii 24 § 6 . tomus nae [anal] ┐ innsci do cach iar na miad, Laws i 18.y Comm. tommus n-ai, IT iii 187 § 6 . trefocal . . . cen áe for anae (apparently some kind of metrical fault), ACL iii 293.10 ( Auraic. 1935 ). See Celtica vi 215-6 .

In names of metres: dona haibh freslige, IT iii 87 § 96 . aí idhan, 101 § 183. As n.pr. Aoí mac Ollamain, Ériu xiii 38.y . cia ainm regas ar in macsa . . . tabair Aí fair . . . conid assain . . . ro ainmniged aí airchetail .i. ó Aí mac Ollaman, LL 14611 ( ZCP xx 194.6 ).

áilid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áilid or dil.ie/1021

 

v (áil)

(a) In forms of address: a Chommdiu non-áiliu `o Lord whom I entreat', Fél. Ep. 559 . Osualt nóeb ṅáilme `holy Oswald whom we implore', Aug.5. epscop Iacob . . . non-áilem, July 14 . not álim a Chorán, LU 10011 . ailiu (.i. cluintí) Dia, dirged mo set, Laws i 10.15 . ailiu (.i. alim) iath ṅHerend, LL 1634 . Eber alius (.i. ro alius), 1653 . See 4 aill.

(b) requests, entreats: sic ailes som fordiuclaim . . . inna námat, Ml. 104b5 . ailme trocoiri [De], Trip.² 3092 . áilsi P. . . . ara tailced maccu C. `P. besought him to let back C.'s sons', Thes. ii 240.22 (Ardm.). āilfithuss F. `F. shall demand it', Ériu xvi 146.17 . ailsius A. A. demanded it, Ält. Ir. Dicht. 17 § 8 . áiltius n-écces go líon bertus, Ériu xiii 41.7 .i. guidhe in t-eces iar [n]imat a briathar, O'Dav. 246 . áile laith go meala maith, Ériu xiii 40.20 = ailiu laith lam co meild maith .i. guidhimsi, O'Dav. 1218. 1199 . costud sída .i. álim síd do chách .i. brithemnas do chach, LL 187a41 (cf. RC xxvi 24 ). alid in fer / concerta do chách, LU 8475 ( FB 33 ). concertfa fír foraib / feidm airg ailfes alid, 8487 (ib.). tiagam . . . co ro aileam ar n-eolus i tig ar n-athar, YBL 181a32 . almini a n-itge / náchan tecma drochrann `we pray a prayer to them that an evil lot may not happen to us', Fél. Jan. 10 . ailim th'itchi a Mhaodhoíg mhais, SG 29.34 . aílit na naeimh anti Ruadhan . . . ar co tairsiudh co cutrama friu, BNnÉ 321 § 23 . ailiu uisce co torair muir, O'Dav. 569 . ro ailestar he co ro leced dond arrucht labrad, RC xlvi 236.5 . ail dún co rodilgaithe triut ar tarmthect trogh intercede for us, Ériu i 122.7 . á.¤ x im y asks x for y: áliss P. Dubthach im damnæ nepscuip, Thes. ii 241.7 (Ardm.). ailthus Eogan imm esomon E. prays them for a truce, ZCP viii 313.5 . á.¤ x for y asks y for x: ben Adaim alainn nadchres / furri alim mo lanles, SR 1192 . ális Patraic fair ócláig n-álaind, Trip.² 2221 . ronáil fair cona tormaigfed `bound him not to add', Mon. Tall. 150.3 (§ 61) . ised rusáil Finn fuirri, RC xi 129.27 . ro ailsiot na cloimh almsain fair, BNnÉ 325 § 44 .

(c) is entitled to, deserves, requires: ni alet na daine so acht log a notrusa (.i. ni dlegaid), BCrólige 12 . atat .iiii. airig i tuaith alid annlunn . . . amal no[n]dalett miad a fer . . ., 26 . ailid carnai cach aire `every freeman . . . is entitled to fresh meat', ibid. ata .iii.[ar] i tuaith nad ale (.i. na dlig) otrus na fiachu `there are three men . . . who have no right to either nursing or fines', 43 . atá fóessam . . . nad áili acht tri séotu ara c[h]uru bél, Ériu xvii 64 § 4 . ailid nemed trian tora[i]d, Laws iv 186.1 .i. airiltnigid, x Comm. ailid gach rath a somaine, 376.19 . alidside taurgille nairib (bees), 162.1 . ma dosraid nech do gort ┐ ma alaid aithgin `? if it (the trespass) is entitled to restitution', (Plummer MS. notes), i 182.9 Comm.

1 ailid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ailid or dil.ie/1016
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: oilid, -ail, ailes, ailit, -alad, ailde, -alar, -aile, rod-alad, no-n-almais, -ebla, -eabla, -eblae, -ai, -ebela, -eblaba, ebeltar, ailebthair, ailf-, -ebelad, -ebalta, ebelta, ron-ailt-siu, romm-alt sa, alta, rodotaltammar, rosn-altadar, alta, alte, altae, ebail, eblatar, eblad, altai, altram, ailemain, oilemuin

v also oilid. Indic. pres. 3 s. -ail, Wb. 5b28 . rel. ailes , Laws ii 184.15 . 3 pl. ailit, Laws v 198.8 Comm. -alad, Marco P. 183 rel. ailde, 202.2 . Pass. sg. -alar, ZCP xiv 347.z . Subj. pres. 3 s. -aile, Laws ii 178.2 . Subj. impf. 3 s. rel. rod-alad, Blathm. 100 § 32 . 1 pl. no-n-almais, Ml. 104d0 . Fut. stem -ebla ( GOI § 649 ; see further Hull, ZCP xxix 173-4). 3 s. -eabla, Laws v 200.20 and n.4 . -eblae, -ai, IT i 141.18 . -ebela, LU 10627 . -eblaba, ZCP v 503.19 . Pass. sg. ebeltar ( ébéltair, LU 5026 ), TBC-I¹ 537 . Later ailebthair, IT i 71.6 . Also ailf-, exx. below. Condit. 3 s. -ebelad, LU 10614 . Pass. sg. -ebalta, BB 397a16 = ebelta, Dinds. 142 ( RC xvi 154 ). Pret. and perf. 2 s. ron-ailt-siu, Blathm. 722 . 3 s. romm-alt sa, Ml. 45c3 . alta-si dano na dá mac 'she reared the two sons', Sex Aet. 87 § 51 (pass. for active). 1 pl. rodotaltammar, ZCP viii 313.4 . 3 pl. rosn-altadar, BDD² 106 . Pass. sg. alta, TBC-I¹ 366 . alte, ZCP viii 311.17 . rel. altae, LU 10602 . With infl. of fut. stem 3 s. rom ebail , LU 10285 . 3 pl. rott eblatar , LU 10284 . Pass. sg. rom eblad , 10278 . Later with s-pret., exx. infra. Cf. roaltsat, O'Curry 127 ( H 3.18, 76 ).

Part. ailte (q.v.), O'Curry 57 ( H 3.18, 20 -1). Pl. altai, Ml. 121c10 .

Vn. altram, later ailemain, oilemuin. IGT Verbs § 73 .

Nourishes, rears, fosters: sund rom altsa . . . atrebom sund, LU 4400 . rom ebail Sencha sobérlaid conidam trén, 10285 . is messe nod n-ailfea, 10627 . ro mbaist ┐ ro n-ail ┐ ro forcan, 256 . ? cia dé delbas faebru. a ndind ailsiu (.i. a ndind itú). cáinté im gaí cainte gaithe, LL 1569 = cia dia dealbus faebra andiond. indiond ailes cainte, Leb. Gab.(i) 266.4 . ní halar o marbcru, Laws i 140.30 Comm. don re ronailestar, ii 186.4 Comm. ma ro ail co aes diailtri . . . manar oil, iii 504.11 Comm. nosnaltatar for feolaib maccoem mbec they fed her on . . ., Ériu iii 138.2 . dlomais . . . a muime fri F. ┐ adbert nad ebalta lee he for lacht, BB 397a17 (= Dinds. 142 ). berthair lim-sa ind ingen . . . ┐ ailebthair (ailibthar, ailfithir v.l.) dom réir fein, IT i 71.6 (L. mac nU.). a incaib caich nodeail, BCrólige 7 . is dilus uaithe di eagluis notnail, Laws iii 70.24 Comm. is mé ro-ailisiu, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 43.25 . ro lesaiges ┐ ro-s-ailius intí N. co lathí a bais, PH 1529 . Gailéoin roalsat Labraid for a loinges, Dinds. 9 (RC xv 299). is mairg ailter cen riagail, ACL iii 215 § 3 . a foghluim óirdhirc a n-oiltí Francuigh, Mac Aingil 6292 . mad ingena nos-berat non-alad fri druine ┐ gresa, Marco P. 183 . an chíoch ar ar oil an ógh / oidhre Dé, Dán Dé xvii 29 . 'na iomdhaidh rod-aileasdar, i 9 . ní ro oil in t-áirdrí in esláinte sin did not nurse (i.e. pay attention to) that illness, Caithr. Thoirdh. 58.10 . Note also: in e a macc oilfaigther na huile si filium eius nutrierunt multi, Trip.² p. 61 n. 1120-23 . Of rearing animals: is hé ro-alt muicc Meic Dathó, Sc.M² 23 . ebeltar cuilēn din chūain cétna leamsa duit, TBC-I¹ 537 . aidhid frisi-n-alar (of a calf), ZCP xiv 347.z . cuilen con ro h-ailed lais, MR 8.2 .

ainmech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainmech or dil.ie/1439

 

adj o, ā (ainim) having a blemish, disfigured, maimed: ni dligidh fer ailes ni diarraidh mad a.¤ , Laws ii 180.5 Comm. ecnaithi gach nainmhech, iv 384.27 Comm. dímhes gach n-ainmhech, Ériu xiii 15.15 . bit a.¤ cech duni every man will be blemished, RC xxvi 36 § 180 . ō mbeith fēin ainmhech easbadhach, ML² 1948 . gé mad eslán a.¤ hé, RC xxiv 375.29 . is fearr linn . . . ar rí do bheith ainmheach ioná a éag, Keat. ii 3138 . combtar bithainmhigh go an écc, Hugh Roe 288.15 (fo. 76a) . brosna bodhbha biothainmheach `permanently spoiled' (of wounded men), MR 274.9 . In cheville: mod n-a.¤ (: Laignech), LL 6224 . As adv. go hainmeach, Laws v 202.y Comm. bia in t-anum co ha.¤ de, ZCP vi 268.12 .

(b) In active sense pointing to a blemish, insulting (causing a blemish?): cosc n-a.¤ .i. ainimh dferthain uirri, O'D. 928 ( H 3.17, c. 658a ). doer cach daor a.¤ , 878 (ib. 393b). radh n-ainbeach, O'Curry 457 ( H 3.18, 243ab ). labrad n-a.¤ , Laws v 146.8 Comm. intamail a.¤ aithisech `reviling comparison', MR 124.13 . rusn-esert co nglamaib anmechaib (sic leg.), Dinds. 32 ( RC xv 335.4 ).

altram(m)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. altram(m) or dil.ie/3039
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: t-altrum, altruim, altraim, altrumu, altruma

n orig. n, n., see GOI § 731 . Later o, m. in t-altrum , Laws v 134.12 Comm. g s. altruim, DDána 105.5 . Note d s. altraim, Fél. 44.8 . n s. also altrumu, Laws ii 168.z. 170.1 Comm. altruma, 146.21 Comm. Vn. of 1 ailid.

Act of nurturing, fostering; nurture, fosterage . On the custom of fosterage see the treatise Cáin Íarraith, Laws ii 146 ff. Cf. Stud. in E. Ir. Law 187 ff. altram .i. ab eo quod est alo .i. ōn brēthir is alo ailim atā, Corm. Y 9 . breth et altram, Wb. 10b1 . amal dorígensat sidi a altram si, 28d19 . fri altrum mic in ais araile, Laws ii 172.14 . trian fir altrumu .i. fir ailes , 184.14 . altrum cen ainmi ar dlighedh cacha altruma diainme, 150.6 . altrumu seirce cen iarraith `fosterage of affection without fosterage-fee', 168.z . cia lin altrum . . . a do . . . ite . . . di altruma, 146.5 Comm. am tualuing mu dalta altrammo do rig I am able to give my fosterchild the fosterage suitable for a king, IT i 142.5 = am tūalaing altrama do rīgh, ZCP v 503.24 . alltramm mac rig ┐ rignui, IT iii 239.148 . dogniu dochor cach thríuin tri altram Fergusa form, LU 10296 . ar inn airer ┐ ar inn altrom ra bertus-sa fort, TBC-LL¹ 2874 . gabais mac n-altrama ō D., Fianaig. 28.6 . do chuindchid á altrama, Thes. ii 291 § 3 . ni haltrum, ni hiarrathuis, Cog. 54.23 . ro chuiris ben dot' chenel . . . dom' altram sa, MR 34.8 . lucht altruim Chuinn ┐ Conn, DDána 105.5 . amhuil . . . buime ag altrom a cloinne, 1 Thessal. ii 8 . Altrum Tige Dá Mhedar (title of a tale called `Oileamuin' in l. 13 ), ZCP xiii 17.1 . In phr. do-beir for a.¤ co gives in fosterage (to): conid é doratsat Ethni cucu for altrom, LU 4436 . With DO: tucad side ar altram do Choin Ruí, MU² 351 . Mac . . . do thabairt ar altram d'Art, Ann. Conn. 1261.15 . do-beir (or other vb.) do a.¤ (do) gives for rearing (to): co tuca [a Mac] . . . dia altraim, Fél. 44.8 . tuc do lucht na Tebi da haltrom. TTebe 1724 . atnoí do epscop B. día altrum, Trip.² 1611 . nís-léicide C. dia máthair di altromm, BDD² 73 . In abstract sense: altram dualchi nourishment of vice, Mon. Tall. 152.12 (§ 63) . altrom glaine `a fostering of purity', Ériu ii 66 § 12 . ar tí altruim fhaladh bent on cherishing a grudge, Dán Dé vi 21 . ni d'furtacht na d'altrom al-lassar, CCath. 4422 . a.¤feeding the poor, ZCP xii 291.14 = GJ iv 107a . In concrete sense fosterling, child : arindī folongat na mnā cach altrom fora rigtib 'because women support every child on their forearms' O'Mulc. § 114 , CMCS i 46 .

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bó or dil.ie/6201
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: boin, bou, bo, boin, baí, b, báu, b, bao, Báu, b, búaib, bai, báe, boin, boin, bó, ba, bai, baei, búaibh, b

n f. See GOI § 60 , § 72 , § 340 . a s. boin, Corm. Y 1103 , Vita Br. 24. g s. bou, Thes. ii 278.2 . bo, Vita Br. 24. d s. boin (cf. a mboi leó do bhú, Hugh Roe² 36.4 ). n p. baí, LL 33395 (TBFr.). ba, ML² 34 (see O'Rahilly, EIHM 462 n.2 ). b, Hugh Roe² 46.y . a p. báu, TBFr. 395. b, Ériu ii 20 § 1. g p. bao, Sg. 22b11 , Báu, LU 5373. b, Thes. ii 335.1 (Hy.v), bó, LL 33391 (TBFr.). d p. búaib, LL 22315. n du. di bai , Ml. 2b11 . a du. dí báe , TBFr. dā boin , Corm. Y 1082 (prob. a neologism, GOI § 340.2 ). b.¤ f., d s. boin, g s. g p. bó, n p. ba, bai ( baei: cnai, ex. 1623 ), d p. búaibh, a p. b, IGT Decl. § 86.

Ox, cow: inna mbao (innabao, MS.) gl. boum, Sg. 22b11 . bō nomen de sono factum suae uocis .i. ainm arna dēnam d'foghar in gotha uodēin, Corm. Y 134. b.¤ gl. vacca, Ir. Gl. 159. buachaill b.¤ gl. bubulcus, 583 . bō a boue .i. is coitcenn aní as bós, ut est duo juga bouum, non enim uaccas dixit , O'Mulc. 161. domaincheass ainm do boin .i. dammainchess .i. mainchess bō, ar is cotcend do ceniul a mbos, 321 . dicitur . . . redg frisin boin mir, Corm. Y 1103. coro dart boin dia búaib, LL 22315 ( Dinds. 113 ). rocuinnig seom boin co B., Thes. ii 340.17 (Hy. v Comm.). blegon inna mbō fo thrī, 335.1 (Hy. v). co tucad na bu co Loch L. . . . dia mblegon, 334.43 (Hy. v Comm.). carais forglu inna mbō, 340.1 (Hy. v). bo blegar fri fit, bo co ngalur, bo ciss flatha no eclasa, bo brothcain, Laws v 260.2 - 4 . turcreic bo cona timtach tricha set, ZCP xiv 361 § 19. ite ainmead bo ara n-athchuir etc., O'Curry 250 (H. 3.18, 145a). trí aithgine in domuin: brú mná, uth b.¤, ness gobann, Triads 148 . eacmaing a bhái ana . . . do breith dolēic, ZCP xiii 172.18 . oc tabairt tānae b.¤ húait, Sc.M² 11. i rrechtaib b.¤ ┐ dam ┐ ech (rhet.), LU 8367 ( FB 24 ). rucad láeg mo bo fadéin . . . uaim-se, CRR 3. co mblighfidhe ó na buaibh / sáith f[h]er n-Ēirenn re h-aon-uair, ML² 138. cethracha b.¤ mbreithi mbalcc `forty strong milch cows', Celtica iv 12.21 . buachaill ag na buaib, Laws iv 86.3 Comm. gur f[h]āgaib gach bō 'gā bōthar, ML² 1255. no-chennachtís na bú, PH 4494. no-chennaigitis na bai . . . isin tempul, 4510. ar boin cach naidche ailes `for he deserves (i.e. claims) a cow every night', Laws ii 136.8 . ansom . . . bai briugad . . . teora bae i muin na trissi bo cows of a briugu (of interest due for use when given as pledge), v 400.20 . trí haige bruithi and, a dauim, no a boin, co na timthach di saill no charna, i 48.3 Comm. cuic ba imorro in gach indligedh athgabala `five cows . . . (is) . . . (the fine) for illegal distress', ii 100.4 Comm. in t-airi ard .i. da ba deg a eniclann, v 46.11 Comm. Bríg . . . is lé tomlachta na bae fothrí i n-oenló, Fél. 56.15 . cain Daire ga[n] bú do marbad, 210.33 . lenaid b.¤ odar eisium, ┐ corbo isin in Odor Ciarain (hence the name of the Codex Lebor na Huidre Book of the Dun Cow), 202.33 . intan dono no gesed in tarb bai ocaib no thiagdais ba in tire comfoco[i]s, Dinds. 142. ro ghad boin o Ciaran . . . ro innto an buin go Ciaran doridhisi, BNnÉ 109 § 38 . ní bhean boin do baintrebhthaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 509. luaith na b.¤ do bheith ar n-a hiodhbairt, TSh. 437. i gcuibhreann na mb.¤ fán bhféar (of Nabuchadonosar), 3464 . ó tharlais gan bhrat gan bhú, Measgra D. 27.34 . mairg nach tabhair bloigh na b.¤ / [san] chró [a d]taraidh 'n-a boin bheo alas for him who does not give (to God) a portion of the cow (i.e. some of his wealth) for it will be a whole cow in heaven, DDána 42.39 . ná bíodh aca choidhche, daimh, ba, ná tréuda cáorach = kyne, RSClára 108a . b.¤ sa bhoin `a cow for cow', Eg. Gl. 739. In legal contexts frequently a unit of value (Plummer MS. notes), see Binchy, Críth G. (p. 106 ): secht seoit sin da tecait ceithre ba .i. bo mór and ┐ se samaisce ar trí buaib, in bo riu, conid ceithri ba, O'Curry 195 - 196 (H.4.22, 8). naoi marg xxit do bhuaibh no darget `29 marks . . . in cows or in money', Trans. RIA xv (1826) 33.25 .

Of land: ined da boo deac di thir, AU i 288.11 (see Mac Neill, PRIA xxxvi 286 n. 2 ).

In phrr. in various applications: b.¤ bainne, Laws ii 176.16 Comm. b.¤ blicht, Lat. Lives 103.2 . ár mbadh bhí bleacht, ZCP v 214.368 (Midn. Court). in bo derba `milch cow', Laws ii 162.8 Comm. (`cow of the (milk)-pail' (Thurn.), ZCP xx 199 n.7 ). b.¤ ḟind óderg white red-eared cow `often mentioned in early Irish literature as a choice breed of cattle,' Bergin, Ériu xiv 170 and Peritia xix 239-55 : roerbad iarom b.¤ find audercc dia taiscid ┐ ba slan di, Vita Br. 5. bo find ó. leo, LU 4410. secht mba finna ō-derga, ML² 34. dobert a máthair dí báe déc dó assint shíd, it é finda óiderga, TBFr. 5. b.¤ bháthair a stray cow , IGT Decl. ex. 1354. Note also: bo fri blícht, Laws i 122.10 .i. i n-aimsir lachtha isin tsamradh, 126.19 Comm. bó allaid (`stag', Plummer MS. notes), perh. hind: tuc fer boin allaid leis dia hidpairt, LB 152a58 . b.¤ féich: tighail .i. (sic leg.) crīch dédenach tairic in bō fēich cow paid as last payment of debt due (?), O'Mulc. 862. b.¤ ḟeisi (see Bürgschaft 66 , 78 ): ised slan ngell .i. ba fesi gell, tricha a lin . . . ┐ diabludh fiach for bidbuid cows of spending the night (part of compensation payable by defaulting debtor to his surety, kept in captivity by creditor), Laws ii 136.5 Comm. cu nícand dech mbu feisi ┐ logh einech, O'D. 87 (H.3.17, 73). b.¤ indláeg see indláeg and, Ériu xx 231 - 2 . b.¤ gabála a (beef-)cow levied as a due (see gabál): bo g. .i. mart, no in b.¤ méth, ut est athgabail b.¤ gabala . . . .i. in bo marta nó atgabail gabair im boin marta, O'Dav. 284. b.¤ lethgabála (expld. by O'Curry, Manners and Customs iii 519 n. 580 as `rate in aid of a cow (perh. half the cow's value) levied to meet the requisition of the officer for the relief of the poor' (i.e. the huaitne fonluing, etc.). dlighidh . . . boin lethgab[ala], 519.17 . b.¤ marta beef-cow , see 2 mart. b. threlóeg a cow having had three calves: .i. cuinnid co hobonn boin treloegh , Bretha 42 § 33.6 . .i. ni truma na inni ata ina thoirsiugud umpu na bo trelaog , 44 § 34.9 . tri ba inlaega ar da m-buaib tre laega , Laws i 102.19 Comm . b.¤ thúir see 2 túr.

In nn. loc. (see also Hog. Onom.): Campulus Bouis . . . Ached bou, Thes. ii 278.2 . o Inis bo finne, Fél. 184.18 . Bernas ṁ Bāu (= Báu, LU 5373 ) Cūailnge, TBC-I¹ 897.

Compds. With nouns: cin boainmead without bovine defect(justifying, if present, the cancellation of a purchase, Plummer MS. notes), O'Curry 250 (H.3.18, 145). bó-ár name of a cattle-disease, RC xii 428 § 17. boár .i. sgamach nó maolgarb (see bódíth infra) no galur righín, O'Dav. 291. iar dteacht do bh.¤ nó do bhó-dhíth chuca i n-aimsir C[h]ormaic mic Airt, Ériu i 89 § 36. bóbard seventh class of sóer bard, IT iii 5.10 . bobard dō, suithi ndebidi scarta la sen etir fod ┐ cuimri, etir trebrad ┐ sned, 28 § 67 . aisti bobaird . . . .i. debidi nimrínd ┐ debide scailti etir fot ┐ gair, 45 § 66 . Dond Cúalnge . . . / co ndernsat imme in mbó-brait ` Cattle-Raid ', Metr. Dinds. iii 370.8 . screpul cach bóbotha ` cow-shed ', RC xiv 430 § 56. Dari [.i.] bóchana, fedb, Gorm. Nov. 2. Cf. cain Darí, cen bú do gait, Thes. ii 306.28 , see Thurneysen, ZCP xviii 386. ro metadh blicht cacha bo-cheathra, MR 100.20 . See bóchar. go ndeachaidh do chosnamh a bhóichreche orra `to protect his cows against them', AFM iii 224.6 . crecsluaighedh . . . d'ar comairmedh secht cata deg do bochrudh of property in cattle, AU ii 506.20 . leisin mbréid sróllchon sénta / bóchrodh téid dá thaiscélta, IGT Decl. ex. 71. bruach do bhiadhfadh bóchuingir a yoke of oxen, Ó Bruad. iii 88.16 . ? ba flaith os chuan cach curaich / fo bái slúag in bo-chumaid, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.8 . ina bai bit a mbodaingen `cows should be in a cow-fastness' (i.e. at nightfall), Laws iv 96.25 . See bódela. at crothle garmilíne / at búanaind bodelbae in the shape of a cow (?), LU 8366 ( FB 24 ). bodibad mor fo Erind destruction of cattle, AU i 470.22 . doroine bo-dhibadh mór (of an invad- ing chief), ii 118.21 . (as epithet) Bresal Bodibadh, MacCarthy 302.9 . bo-dhíth mhór ind Erinn, dá ngoirthí Maolgarbh `murrain', AFM ii 1044.11 . earrach an bhó-dhíthe, ALC i 494.15 . bó-dún see badún. moch i.e. bo-erge lit. cow-rising (gl. buaroch), O'Dav. 215 (see Ériu xiii 14.29 ). no sechmallad . . . in ṁbeoḟeoil `the beef ', RC xx 262.19 (ACC Comm.). co tuc boghabhail moir a great prey of cattle, AU i 526.4 . nía boidb bógeimnech (rhetoric), LU 5326 (TBC). bōger ` beef- lard ', MacCongl. 79.23 . bogeltach faithche .i. fer meite coimse na teit tar crich . . . bogeltach .i. fer fogelta a bu a faithce ar cach nach déis etar coin allta ime . . . ni dligh dire na saire ` cow-grazier ', Laws iv 344.5 , 352.18 , 21 Comm. bóguin, see Wortk. 146 : (g s. as epithet) Enna Bōguine (B. ōtāt Cenēl m Bógaine, v.l.), Corp. Gen. 163.2 . Cf. Boguinig `the descendants of Enna Boghuine' (note), MR 156.10 . co ro slecht in buar uile, co n-ebert: "Is bo-guine andso ┐ bid [sed] (?) ainm na benni[se]." Unde . . . Beann Bogaine `a cow- slaughter', Dinds. 142. ingen in righ .i. Boguine a ainm-siden, ACL iii 324.7 . sinum lactis .i. genus uasis .i. bomilge `of cows milk', Thes. ii 48.30 . boogam .i. lilgach ar aicme bethi . . gamnach ar aicme huatha . . . samaisc ar aicme muine, Auraic. 5759. bō-otrac[h] cow-dung , Corm. Y 196. conamailt saill ┐ bōṡaill foa corned beef (?), Corm. Y 883 (76.11) . ethar bec . . . bōshaille `of beef-fat', MacCongl. 85.10 . boseiche ` cow-hide ', Laws iv 148.19 Comm. it séoit bóṡlabra[e] direnatar dó, Críth G. 120. tri cóecait cét boslabraidh ` dower-kine ', RC xvii 214.4 (Tig.) = bó ṡlabhra, Keat. iii 2243 . bo-ṡlechta `the law concerning cows', Ann. Inisf. 810. rith cana boileachta `des Rinder betreffenden Gesetzes', ZCP xviii 383.14 . cain boiliuchta (i.e. `the law that treats of cow-killing, cow stealing, etc.' n. 1), Laws iii 110.4 Comm. seacht cumala lana for fer nurradais mboslechta .i. iar marba buachalla, no airamhain. No is comlaithred deisi iar ngait, O'Curry 2440 ( Eg. 88, 36 ra. ) ` cattle-tracking ', O'Gr. Cat. 97 § 42. bosluaiged lit. host of cattle gl. mammona, Ir. Gl. 300. botheach ` cow house ', Laws v 514.35 Comm. bótháin cow raid : rohir dam . . . .x. mbuachailli botana, Ériu ii 3.14 . ron-íurusa im chét mbó bódána, BDD² 267 = bóthána, LU 6763. co n-immad ech ┐ bótháinte, LU 3911 ( SCC 42 ). no geibed Flidais . . . do bóthorud of livestock, TBFlidais 88 . co tí in bo dia botreib, BB 397b2 . in a bo-tuar (`cow dung ', Plummer MS. notes), Laws v 464.13 Comm.

With adjj.: bo-abartach, abairt amail in mboin `behaving like the cow', O'Dav. 316 ( Ériu xiii 29.10 ). brucchaid bó-cédach, BNnÉ 137.9 `with hundreds of kine', Keat. ii 4682. Bernngal Bóchétach, Acall. 5322.

With bú-: ? maccaim beca buaigelta (buaidhghela, v.l.), TTebe 1372 . Cf. bógeltach. a ccreachghabhala cruidh ┐ cethra broide ┐ búalmha, Hugh Roe² 204.32 . for buageltach ṁBreg (of Cú Chulainn), LL 12569 ` guardian ', RC xiv 398 § 1 . Buagelltaig, LU 9084 ( FB 83 ), cf. BDD² 1209.

See bárach, bóaire, bóbath, bólacht, bómlacht, bóraime, 1, 2 búarach.

? cuicliunn, cuclann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? cuicliunn, cuclann or dil.ie/13482

 

n cuicliunn .i. cóic leth-uinge five half-ounces , H 3.18, 67ay (wrongly (?) listed in compds. of cóic). cuiclanna (sic leg.?) seoit .i. seoit lana nó lainnecha, ut est is pennait ailes othras cach fir eclaisi acht cuclanna set, O'Dav. 474 .

déide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. déide or dil.ie/15152

 

Forms: déda

adj io,iā. Later also déda (through influence of óenda, cetharda).

I Adj. double, consisting of two: it deidi gl. bini, BCr. 32d1 . cuin is aenda in beithi . . . cuin as deda . . . cuin as treda, Auraic. 424 . ind árim déda, PH 4428 .

II Subst. io, n.

(a) two things, pair of things: déidhe .i. dá ní, O'Cl. co mbed a ndede sin im labradsa .i. gáu ┐ fír, Wb. 14c23 . dualis .i. áram inchosaig dede, Sg. 28b13 . fer congeb dede no trede, Laws v 104.17 .i. da dan examla, 18 Comm. ferr déda ho óin better two things than one, MacCongl. 49 . in déda-sin . . . .i. a chredo ┐ a phater, PH 4180 . rorannadh Eiriu i ndedha in two, RC xviii 377 (Tig.).

(b) pair of persons: dede ṁbaccoen ṁbraiglide | a da maccaem ingine, LL 28a38 . Eocho ┐ Aeblend . . . nirb uathud don dedu dil, 152b43 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 64.81 ). 'n-a déda ro-thog Ísu a apstalu two and two, by twos, PH 4429 . 'n-a dédaib rofhoid uad, 4430 . dede ailes he, a aite ┐ a muime, Laws ii 348.4 Comm.

(c) Of animals, etc.: eoin Bale . . . a dó díb . . . in deda aile, LL 166a24 ( Dinds. 117 ). nach mil conbeiris dedi . . . .i. da uan twins , Laws i 146.13 Comm.

3 día

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 día or dil.ie/15848
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dia, die, dee, de, dé, dei, die

n (disyll. Fél. July 16 ) (see GOI § 340 ) day: n s. Diu luna, Ériu xxxii 98 . díu sroll .i. dies solis, Thr. Ir. Gl. 40 = Corm. Y § 1134 . dia, Hib. Min. 66 . die, Corm. Y 419 . dee, Fianaig. 6.4 . a s. de, Wb. 6a30 . Hy ii 20.28 . dé, LL 36b4 . dei, Wb. 9a5 . die, Mon. Tall. § 55 . ZCP ix 148 (TBC, Eg.). dia, Trip. 114 . g s. (?) dee, O'Dav. 1285 . die .i. laithe, Corm. Y 419 . dia .i. lá, O'Cl. Both dé and día are common as gen. of time, GOI § 250 : tresin fuil . . . adoparar cach dia forsind altoir, Wb. 20d13 . Fél. July 16 . na tri .l. salm . . . cach dia, LL 283a46 . cach nochtai[d]chi sceo dee `every night and day', O'Dav. 1285 . am irlam . . . cach dia always , Wb. 13c8 . Espáin . . . muir ina timchell cech dia, PRIA xix 246 ( LL 136b7 ), Rawl. 78b47 . Cf. ar [is] étarbae n-inderb n-indless etir cach ar uair ar cach die in bith-sa `von Tag zu Tag', ZCP xi 85.2-3 . Cf. is bith cáich ar uair an bith so, Irish Proverbs § 284 . fri dé by day, in daytime: fri de gl. interdiu, BCr. 36c3 . fri de (.i. i lló), Hy. ii 28 . is fri de imtiagam, Wb. 6a30 . suánemuin do dénum i n-aidchi . . . precept fri dei, 24d14 . mad fri dé . . . mad i n-aidche, LL 287a36 . TBC-I¹ 1128 LU = fri die, ZCP ix 148 . follongadar lais co dé na maidne (if this means day here), Lec. 227b37 . mēraid co dē (.i. co bráth), Hy. ii 20 (cf. go deó).

Freq. with qualifying gen.: dia brátha Doomsday , d.¤ domnich Sunday , etc. ó die Ṡathairn initi co dia Ṡathairn Cásc, Trip. 114 . co dé ṁbratha till Doomsday , LL 36b4 . co dé domnaigh, SG 396.21 . Generally adverbial: tecmallid dia domnich on Sunday, Wb. 14a1 . i tarcud indocbalæ domsa dia brátha, 23c29 . LL 280b14 . in die ante sabatum .i. dia oine didine, Ml. 113c1 . Críst . . . asréracht ó marbaib dé domnaig, Ériu ii 194 . dia Samna at samain-tide , Metr. Dinds. ii 64 . die Samnae, AU 780 . is de haine do-rigne Adam, Laws i 26.15 . nativitas Sancte Brigita dia cetaine . . . de cetaine gabaid caille, LB 220 marg. inf. ó tráth espurta die (de, dia, v.l.) Sathairn, Ériu ii 194 . Anecd. iii 21 . With laithe: isin cháisc dedenaig, is inund ón ┐ dia laithe brátha, PH 5012 . ticubsa dia laithe bratha, BNnÉ 306 . día bliadna, d.¤ mís, d.¤ sechtmhaine after a year's time, etc.: bai bandal forsin D. dia bliadnae, RC xii 84 . on losin gusind la alaili dia bliadna, RC xii 82 . dīgal dia secht mbliadan, AU 516 . RC xvii 127 . cath uaimsea duid dia mis ondiu this day month, Ériu v 234 . LU 10839 . a lla sa i cind mís do-téis . . . ba fír son . . . condrecat dia mís, RC xiii 440 . Mon. Tall. § 27 . ragadsa dia sechtmaine, IT ii2 189 . adbelad do béoil dia tres lai `on the third day hence', RC x 82 . dia in tres laoi, Fl. Earls 144 . dia tri la ┐ teora n-aidchi . . . dollotar, FB § 42 . ZCP iv 160 . dia trisse for mis after a month and three days, Laws v 402 . dia cuicti; dia dechmaide `in five days'; `in ten days', iv 70 . dia teóra nómad ba slán, TE 11(Eg.) . ba marb re ndé nōmaide, TBC-I¹ 1488 . issed on ailes cetsaithe deolaid dia teora mbliadan (.i. i cind tri mbliadan), Laws iv 172 . Cf. dia secht mbliadnaibh (.i. cacha viimad bliadna), Anecd. v 25 . aithrus ind anmcharat dia bliadna visiting the confessor once a year, Mon. Tall. § 44 . fo dia a F. (a greeting), Hib. Min. 66.3 . Cf. fo dia .i. fo ┐ dies, O'Mulc. 590 .

Cf. 1 indé, indiu.

fuisceta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fuisceta or dil.ie/24917

 

adj sudden ; n suddenness, summary procedure (?) : f.¤ .i. obond, ut est fon fíach f.¤ ailes .i. in fiach fasc obond, O'Dav. 925 . ro suidhidh i fuisceata britheman .i. brithemnus dligid obuinn ib.

1 sech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 sech or dil.ie/36742
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: sechum, seacham, seocham, sechut, seachad, seochad, [se]chae, secha, sechai, seochu, seacha, secci, seicce, seice, sechoinne, sechond, seochainni, sechund, sechoind, seachoinn, sechaib, seccu, seocu, seoca, secco, secha, sechat

prep. folld. by acc.: secach (= sech cach) ṅguidi, Wb. 25a28 . sech alaili dliged `apart from other sayings', Ml. 18c11 . sech ilar mban, IT i 80.13 ( LMU § 18 ). seach mór-fhairrge gcoimhleathain . . . A., Fl. Earls 120.8 . In later lang. also by dat.: sech lecnaib, Bruchst. § 84 (= IT iii 90 § 119 ). sech rennaib, MU² 410 . seach orāistidhip, Fl. Earls 250.1 . Lenites a follg. initial: sech thenlach, Bürgschaft 28 § 76c . sech thegdais, Lat. Lives 65.4 . seach Theamair, BDD² 174 . sech bhilibh, ML² 1720 . seoch dhula, Keat. ii 2606 . With rel.: inna lloc secha retham, Ml. 120b2 . na daire . . . secha táncamar indé, MU² 371 . seach ar leagadh . . . i gcré, Keat. Poems 611 .

With suff. pron. s. 1 sechum, TBC-LL¹ 1172 . seacham, TFrag. 6.11 . seocham, BNnÉ 86 § 176 . DDána 101.41 . TSh. 551 . s. 2 sechut, LU 8193 . seachad, DDána 101.4 . seochad, 65.5 . 3 s. m. and n. [se]chae, Wb. 24a17 . secha, LU 9065 . TBC-LL¹ 975 . sechai, BDD² 1498 . LU 8225 ( FB 17 ). seochu, Laws iii 70.14 Comm . seacha, DDána 113.18 . f. secci, Lat. Lives 82.6 . PH 7211 . seicce, Ériu iii 164 § 19 . seice, DDána 39.33 . 1 pl. sechoinne, Thes. ii 325.2 ( Hy. iv pref . ). sechond, IT i 72.15 ( LMU 9 ). TBC-LL¹ 1143 . seochainni, LU 3991 ( SCC 45 ). sechund, TBC-LL¹ 646 . sechoind, CRR 21 . seachoinn, DDána 121.8 . TD 17.16 . 2 pl. sechaib, LL 304b1 ( SG 380.15 ). 3 pl. seccu, Wb. 23b13 . Laws iv 176.22 . TBC-LL¹ 1327 . PH 2937 . seocu, Laws iv 214.28 Comm . LU 3280 (H) ( SCC 7 ). seoca, Anecd. ii 78 § 6 . Stair Erc. 61 . secco, TBC-LL¹ 2433 .

The general sense is past, beyond (lit. and fig.).

(a) after words expressing or implying motion: ní aírmi a mbís iarna chúul dind séit [act a] mbis ara chiunn condid tar[la se]chae until he comes past it, Wb. 24a17 . a fide nó s.¤ hiriss (gl. circa fidem exciderunt), 29c12 . s.¤ gl. (quod hunc lunae progressum) ultra (solem), Thes. ii 22.39 ( BCr. 33d2 ). ronsnādat a nnōebitge | hi flaith nime s.¤ pīana `may her holy prayers protect us into Heaven's Kingdom past pains', Thes. 348.7 ( Hy. v 92 ). cipe inruiret oc dul seccu iar na chonair, Laws iv 176.22 . amal bid do thecht secha, IT i 72.14 ( LMU 9 ). slige dano, doscuet carpait s.¤ alaile, Corm. Y 1082 . s.¤ Dun Delca dar Mag Slicech, LU 8510 ( FB 36 ). addaci Briccriu sechai, LU 8225 ( FB 17 ). nis arlaic s.¤ ard a glúne súas ┐ nis arlaic s.¤ a adbrond sis, TBC-LL¹ 901 - 2 . taidlech a cniss ┐ a colla s.¤ a timthach sechtair, 211 . ra chomérig grían s.¤ comchruinni in talman, MU² 454 . bēim . . . s.¤ cimais an c[h]roim-sgēith, ML² 1250 . intan raide int shillaib toisich, todachaiche chugut int shillab dedenach ┐ seachmadhato seachat int shillab thoisenach, Auraic. 92 . co ṅdechsad in sapoit seccu, PH 2937 . ro-s-cuirset assin sinagoig ┐ s.¤ in cathraig himmach he, 110 . ascnait seach mōrfhairrge gcoimhleathain gcomfhairsing Adriatica, Fl. Earls 120.8 .

With the sense of avoiding, eluding, escaping: tre ghoimh míleadh Mhuighe Fhloinn | gach duine ag síneadh seachoinn, DDána 121.8 . dá dteagmhainn duid ar druim róid | seocham do ghéabhtha, a Ghearóid, 101.41 . neach nach tréig báire an bheatha | téid beatha as sáimhe seocha, Dán Dé vii 3 . ní fhuair E. baeghal in tuir seocha `was unable to effect an entry past it (sc. a gate) into the tower', Stair Erc. 1193 .

léicid secha, léicid sech (láim) omits, passes over: in triar is taire do lecon s.¤ laim con cranncur `to be set aside from the lot-casting', Laws iii 40.7 Comm . léigim na secht Kallanda sin seacham, TFrag. 6.11 . léigeam seachoinn seal eile | . . . | gan bheith re cuma a gcána `I forbear for a space . . . to recount their tributes', TD 17.16 . léig sin seachad let that pass, Maguires of F. 90 .

(b) freq. with suff. pron. referring to subject of preceding verb of going, looking, putting, etc., somet. adding very little to the meaning of the vb., and to be translated, if at all, out, forth, up (cf. 6 ré II (b)): slan don cumail dair a lec ┐ a losat do chur seici, Laws iii 274.19 Comm . dale sechut ol se a curadmir n-ugut do L., LU 8193 ( FB 14 ). cech inocba secha sūas | conitnaice dotuit sīs, ZCP vii 311 § 16 . ragatsa sechum fo des I will proceed, TBC-LL¹ 1172 . tair sechut sís ar in lind come away down, 1297 . tuc a laimh seicce `she put out her hand', Ériu iii 164 § 19 . as a haithle sin adbert Fer D. seaca re araidh, ZCP x 285.11 . déch sechat dia fhis cret itcife `look yonder', iv 384.18 . guruho measca meadhair-caoin uili iat, gur thuit gach aon dīobh seacha, Feis Tighe Chonáin 858 . in silliud rosill secha ar na sluagaib, TTebe 3288 . demhan . . . | do chuires, a náoimh-chléirigh, | 'sa móin secham soir, Irish Texts iv 91 § 3 . tug súil seacha ┐ atchí an machaire lán do mharcshluagh, Keat. iii 1019 . don chomhrádh do chanus ribh | focal seachad san slighidh | féchthar libh nar léig tusa, L. Cl. A. B. 65.10 . is mar sin téid seacha glóir an domhain, TSh. 421 . Cf. do-chuaidh mo shláinte seocham amhail néall (pertransiit), 551 . ticc dá theacht . . . | mo chur sechum ar sáobh-chéill, Ériu ix 6.54 .

Probably from this usage secha (3 s.) and sechat (2 s.) came to be used as adverbs meaning away, by , past, beyond : ? secha sís, ZCP v 501.3 . doléigedar sin seachad seal `they let that pass for a while', Ériu v 172.159 . atá súil agum ré sibhse dhfaicsin ag gabháil seacha dhíbh, Romans xv 24 . dochuadar so uile seocha amhail sgáile (transierunt . . .), TSh. 946 . triall seacha mar aoighidh (transi, hospes), 3706 . ní theilgfe mé seachad íad I will not cast them aside, Levit. xxvi 44 . ag rioth seachad ar R. `running past R.', Rel. Celt. ii 188.29 . ? To this: an drong do chuáidh a seachad a ttír na Hassíria `which were ready to perish', Isaiah xxvii 13 .

(c) after vbs.¤, etc., of growing, increasing: forbairt s.¤ a frecndairc `increase beyond the present', Sg. 167a3 . efficiunt s.¤ a mmascul (of some feminine nouns), 114a5 . forbeir s.¤ aní as anchises gl. Anchisiades, 32a1 . s.¤ positi na conparite oa mbiat `beyond the positives of the comparatives from which they are' (gl. augent), 45a8 .

(d) in preference to, rather than, more than, instead of : æit leu precept domsa seccu `they are jealous that I preach rather than they', Wb. 23b13 . conicsom . . . nad labrathar de se s.¤ nach persin ind ṡainriuth `it is able not to speak de se rather than any person especially', Sg. 199b5 . cia doberat onóir duit sechoinne `rather than us', Thes. ii 325.2 ( Hy. iv pref . ). necessitas metri tuc sund Iuda s.¤ Iudea instead of, Goid. 63.21 . ised on ailes cach cet la deolaid s.¤ na cricha olchena `in preference to the other districts', Laws iv 206.4 . in saine [sin] isin cochull . . . s.¤ a beth for oen dath instead of its being, Trip. clxxxviii 15 . iss é no ndlig s.¤ ócu Ulad archena, LU 8194 ( FB 14 ). cia maith fogniat, in tan moltair s.¤ cách, TBC-LL¹ 416 . is do grásaibh an Spioraid Naoimh douí an bisech sin ar Lasair s.¤ gach adhbar eile da raibhe ag Molaise rather than on any other student, Ériu v 74.34 . cid dia tancatar do Ierusalem s.¤ Bethil Iúda?, PH 6973 . cid ara ndentar celebrad isna trathib-sea sechna trathib ele, KMMisc. 144 § 1 . rugadar Dál Riada do rogha Scotia do thabhairt ar Albain seoch Hibernia do thabhairt uirre, Keat. ii 5801 . adhbhar . . . fá ndeachaidh don Fhraingc seoch dhula i dtír oile, ib. 2606 .

(e) different from, other than: hua sainbás s.¤ cách `by a special death different to all', Ml. 73d7 . cib é dianid sháil delb do gabail de s.¤ amal ata, is brécaire, PH 6052 .

(f) as against, as distinct from: coná baí aithgne neich s.¤ alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . cairm i fetar fīr s.¤ gō, ZCP vii 307.6 . ní fes a béo seach a marb, RC x 70.11 (ICM). ní hurusa . . . | aithne ar fhear seach araile, DDána 85.19 . bīt na cōic cnapāin sin forsna horāistidhip sin . . . seach orāistidhip oile an domain, Fl. Earls 250.1 . comharthadha . . . lé n-aithéonam an aithrighi fhírindech seoch an aithrighi mbreguigh, Mac Aingil 133.3 .

(g) more than, to a greater degree than, above, beyond, in addition to: s.¤ na huili predicta gl. super omnia, Wb. 27b20 . s.¤ mo chomáessa gl. (proficiebam . . .) supra multos coaetaneos meos, 18c16 . secach (= s.¤ cach) ṅguidi `beyond every prayer' (gl. abundantius orantes), 25a28 . du-farcai s.¤ cach ndíne he excels beyond any generation, ZCP lxi 1-3 ( Thes. ii 295 § 2 SP v) . aradéni són s.¤ cach sruth, Ml. 93b10 . do doinib ┐ do iudeib s.¤ cách, 51c12 . s.¤ gl. (si enim) super (omnes alias partes orationis finit personas pronomen), Sg. 197a10 . nem insin nad chonrícthar s.¤ nem nathrach, Ml. 33d10 . cóic ṡenchléthe forcraid laiss s.¤ airig forggaill, Críth G. 436 . cun ngealut da dartuid fri ro dam, ┐ cungelut da dartuid s.¤ ro dam `as much as . . . more than the great ox', Laws ii 74.18 Comm . aon biadh imurail ogasidhe s.¤ a tochus riam `in addition to', i 60.27 Comm . ita trian forcraid . . . in mulieribus s.¤ na firu, Mon. Tall. 149.13 . ālad . . . .i. fola-dath .i. dath fola fair s.¤ in slán, Corm. Y 87 . intlecht i ndreich s.¤ cech raind intellect (is situated) particularly in the countenance, ACL iii 223.8 . berid in bo atúaid trian mblechta s.¤ in mboin andeas, Dinds. 60 ( RC xv 458 ). is e do-rat seirc sainredaig dó, s.¤ cech n-apstal, PH 1923 . ní fiú é an bheatha do bhir | gidh bé do shir seacha soin whosoever seeks anything more than that, Dán Dé ix 33 . cidh do maith . . . doghní-si do Dia seochamsa? BNnÉ 86 § 176 . nir leic ind n-itu . . . labra secha sin don rig, TTebe 1775 . ar an méd as pearsuin di seach a hanmannuibh subsdainnteacha apart from, IGT Introd. § 2 (2.10) . ar a n-áille seoch mh'inghean féin `so far do they excel my daughter in beauty', Keat. iii 2801 . seach ar leagadh riamh i gcré, | doilghe dhuit thú féin, Keat. Poems 611 .

(h) without : huare rombí cechtar de s.¤ alaill because each of the two can exist apart from the other, Sg. 29b16 . co forcongar forsna bechaib fobith is annsa athgabail neich diib seich ind aile `how are the bees made liable, since it is so difficult to seize upon any one of them beyond another?', Laws ii 120.24 Comm . s.¤ .i. leith amuith, O'Curry 2066 ( H 4.22, fo. 67 ).

Implying without (the consent, knowledge or co-operation of), independently of, in disregard of: ni s.¤ comairli dáe `it is not without God's counsel', (gl. per uoluntatem Dei), Wb. 29d1 . nach comairle dong[ní] duine s.¤ dia, Ml. 51b27 (contrasted with la fortacht dae). nīmthairle erchor amnas | s.¤ Macc Dé medras bodras without the consent of, Thes. ii 352.3 ( Hy. vi 13 ). atait secht cuir foceird mac beo-athar s.¤ a athair, Laws v 284.25 . mac donither do cumail i tothla s.¤ flaith `secretly unknown to the chief', 198.3 . lanamnus comtincuir . . . ni bi cor cor nechtar da lina s.¤ araile, ii 356.z . bean fri tabar coibche indichligh (= i ndíchlid) seach a athair (i.e. without the knowledge of her father), iv 60.11 . sigh do denum seoch Cairpri fria Mac Con, Anecd. ii 77 § 4 . Cf. dogníat dona indmasaib selba sainrudcha s.¤ aígedu . . . in Comded (i.e. in disregard of the rights of), LU 2178 . melair blethe s.¤ mulleóir, Metr. Dinds. iii 96.16 . cora gaib cairddes s.¤ Dia fri B. in disregard of God, Rawl. 79b3 . do gen-sa mo dail secha, MR 70.7 = mad áil dogentar seacha, FDG 620 . robratad flaith M. seccu, ZCP viii 309.3 . Muire . . . | ní daorfuidhear sinn seice, DDána 39.33 .

immasech (imb+a n- (poss. pron. 3 pl.)+sech, see GOI § 841 D . ). Also 'masech, 'mosech, fosech. in turn, (each) in (his) turn, one by one: ní corathar a ḟlaith eter rindi gaí; ó do-coīset rind i., nī fess coich less coich amless, ZCP xi 84 § 32 (seach aroile, v.l.). immon Michil lasin crosfigillso immon Muiri lasind crosfigell naile i., Mon. Tall. 28 (137.z) . foscerd īarom imonsech fo c[h]osmailess lūathrinde ┐ do-cuireadar cach āi i tūaim alaile (of three currents meeting and forming a vortex), Corm. Y 323 (27.24) . rochind . . . cipe tan atbalad epscop Doruuernensis epscop Caire do hordned neich na inad ┐ in fer aile masech, Anecd. iii 75.16 . roraid cach dib ris 'mosech . . ., SR 3111 . cechtar dé i. cucai beus día bualad, LU 3289 ( SCC 8 ). coíc srotha . . . ┐ na sloigh imaseach ic ol a husci, IT iii 195 § 35 ('maseach, v.l.). teít in crod a seilb cach áin | . . . teít masech in saegul suail, LL 306b27 ( SG 385.28 ). ras-cuir imma sech i n-urairdi ┐ i n-ísli, MU² 543 . frecraid in challech fósech | ┐ frecraid in méidech, RC vii 298.139 . i. fris-sin on the other hand, PH 4048 . Petar . . . imasech dogníd-som hicc clam in (his) turn, 1734 . ri is mo fuair do thubaisib . . . ┐ ro tocbad Dia estib imaseach one after another, Ann. Conn. 1224.2 . ro-n-gonadh, ro gonsam nech, | ro chuirsim ār sluaig fā sech, ML² 234 . do-chuaidh . . . | lucht na cruinne . . . | fa seach uile go hIofronn, DDána 20.12 . ní bhí an saoghal acht fa seach this life lasts only its turn, Dán Dé xxvi 18 . do fechadh fa seach boill a cuirp, Smaointe B. Chr. 774 . atáid imriosna Ultach, | atáid cogtha Connachtach, | fa seach 'gá n-iomaithbhear ort `severally', TD 21.2 . eich an dúin . . . | do-chiú arís a rioth fa seach `one by one', 11.12 . Cf. fetur an tabur do dilegad aris, ┐ ma sech tar eis a ceile `separately', Rosa Angl. 262.4 . an t-ór 's an t-airgead dá spíonadh, | do bhronn, do scaip fá seach, Keat. Poems 846 . ag so suidhte fá seach orra here in turn are the proofs of them, TSh. 6518 . deabhtha meince uadha for Ghallaibh ┐ imaseach ó Ghallaibh fairsiomh, AFM iii 278.6 . creacha eile do dhénamh lá macaibh Aodha ar Ghallaibh ┐ ar a nesccairdibh Gaoidhealda co ro loitedh an tír eatorra imáseach amne, 284.22 . cath i. seems to mean a battle in which there was a return to the fight after an interval: bellum imesech in campo Singittae . . . ubi Flann . . . et Dubduin . . . ceciderunt in altera congressione belli, et Colgu et Aedh . . . in prima congressione , AU i 162.15 = cath immesech, RC xvii 224.2 (Tig.).

cuirid fo sech leads astray, upsets : is mairg cuirit sein fo sech | briathra millsi na meirdrech, ACL iii 239 § 19 . romcuir Áth Senaig fa sech | rom-deagail is mo duaisbreth, Irish Texts ii 11 § 7 . Domhnall ua Néill . . . | sgél do chuir na slóigh fa seach | go bhfuair bás i nArd Soileach, L. Cl. A. B. 25.y . Cf. imásech dano doralatar .i. ní hinund slighi roghabhsat na Troiannae dochum na long, ┐ rogab Ercoil . . . dochum na Trói, TTr.² 152 .

Of position: saidis fodén ina shuide, ┐ a dí choiss imasech `crossed', MacCongl. 65.4 .

torad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. torad or dil.ie/43360

 

Forms: torith, t., torud, toirthi, toruid, toraid, toirthiú, toradh, taradh

n o, n. (Originally toreth, Ériu xii 215 ; cf. g s. torith, Mon. Tall. 159.16 ). n s. t.¤ ngelglas, Ériu ii 116 § 50 . n pl. torud, Ml. 46c8 . toirthi, 46c14 . Later forms: a pl. toruid, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . toraid, PH 7661 . toirthiú, Todd Nenn. 148.2 . toradh, taradh, IGT Decl. § 53.

I

(a) produce, increase: t.¤ a láam is hed dodtoisged, Wb. 9a6 . immdae .i. hi toirthib són, Ml. 37d22 . it hesidi torud bele, 46c8 . it hé in toirthi amal sodin, 46c14 . bátár mesaite a torthe, LU 4403 . ar tomailt torith na muindtiri `about eating the produce of the monastery,' Mon. Tall. 159.16 . dús ind gebad ní do th.¤ ionda cildi huadaib, 128.16 . ni corpat torud ind erlamai, 21 . rechtge fri tuar toraid `produce,' Críth G. 523 . tuc gach tír a th.¤ trom, ZCP viii 109.5 . co ndruni ┐ lamda ┐ lamthorud, LU 3910 ( SCC 42 ). ní búi ní ba terc dóib leesi di cach thorud eter biad ┐ etach ┐ indbass, LL 125b50 . ni chaithfem t.¤ in caitt (i.e. the fish it caught), LL 283a27 . in bech oc tecclamad a thoraid, Laws iv 164.9 . mo mac ... .i. t.¤ mo brónd, LB 141a10 . trian cach toraid do tir, Laws ii 362.22 . admestar triur asa tindremaib hi torath tecail, ZCP xiv 176.8 . ni rabe ... accese acht torud co lleith, Thes. ii 333.5 . roraind in torod ... letorud tra tuic si asin chulid, 20 . t.¤ cu leith maistertha, Lism. L. 1281 . tuc leathtorad maistirtha aniar, 1296 . t.¤ in oenmheich bracha `the produce of one measure of malt,' 1361 . Of fish: feda cin mes | muir can t.¤ , RC xii 110 § 167 . co tochrad a murthorud, MacCongl. 37.4 . toradh na Berba, Dinds. 36 . gu fégha tharadh in tráicht | béra ó bháirc a caladh chúairt, IGT Decl. ex. 1005 . dúntar coirthe chláir Ḟeóire | toirthi dháibh is doirseóire, ex. 1304 . ar isruithe beo bethu thortha, Laws iv 78.6 . .i. is uaisle iní dobeir beatha dona buaib isin géimre na iní do beir toru dóib isin tsamhradh, 80.1 Comm. seoid Ghréag ón domhan 'na dhál | na dtoradh chéad ag claochlódh `hundred-fold increase,' TD 13.41 . do gabhatur in palas cona torthaibh (tor, v.l.) co himlan, RC xix 152 § 133 . ag gabail creach ┐ turthedh (sic leg.) ┐ airgid, CF 119.

(b) result, profit: ise grethe cen torad do gni, Laws iv 36.5 . tir inid taidle muilenn, co tabair t.¤ , Laws iv 214.7 . do tairgetar in chóir sin ┐ cuir na mbarún le t.¤ do tabuirt uirre to give effect, Caithr. Thoirdh. 137.34 . ní tarodh gaoil do-gheibhthir, DDána 48.12 . fregra in mheic, maith a thoradh, O'Gr. Cat. 470.9. is mó a tharadh do chloinn Connla | Goill d'anadh re colbha cuain, Aithd. D. 26.28 . ar ghuth Muire a-tá toradh, 98.8 . ní fhuil taradh n-a dtuirim, Aithd. D. 6.50 . maithim ... énbhonn feasda dá thoradh ` payment ,' Studies 1918, 617 § 4 . d'éag a stór a dtreoir sa dturadh, Ó Bruad. il 178 v . ni dán gan turadh, 72 xlvii .

(c) In phr. do-beir t.¤ ar sets store by, heeds: ni tuc toradh ar minn da tuc dó he set no store by, Expugn. Hib. 69 . ní thug toradh na tarbha ar chomhrádh na caemrighna, Études Celt. i 79.23 . ní thug sisi toradh ar an tromfhala sin, 30 . da ttugadh th' athair aithne dhuit do bhíadh a n-aghuidh an mhaith ... na tabhair toradh uirri, Mac Aingil 275.16 .

(d) In phr. do thorud by the use of; as a result of: ni pu da thir ... a fuirec dorigne, acht do th.¤ a da lam ┐ a tharnguir, TBC-I¹ 489 . lenfaid clēirigh naemchell | adhaltras is écāir | nī fāghat dá taradh | ní asa faghat étáil, ZCP iii 31.34 . roimigh ... do thoradh a retha rindlūaith, vi 57.15 . di thorath inna bendachtan doratsat fir hErenn fair, viii 313.11 . tic Conall 'n-a rith roimhe ... co ndechaidh Conall uadha do thoradh a retha, RC xxix 219.y . is don Breas sin do bean Sreng mac Sengaind coiced Conacht do tharad chomroindi ar eicin, Lec. 188va13 . do brissidar (sic leg.) ... in lecht-sin iar trill do toradh namatais, Ann. Conn. 1244.5 . Lochlainn mac Conchobair do dallad doib iarom ┐ a ecc du thorad in dalta-sin, 1296.6 . ocus a brissed ass a haithle do thoradh na comairle, ALC ii 268.12 .

(e) In phrase ar thorad living by: se ar torad a lann 's a gha, Caithr. Thoirdh. 136.30 . cairt eile ní iarrfa sibh | acht tú ar thoradh do ghaisgidh, Aithd. D. 30.33 . olc an tslighe go Dia dhamh | bheith ar thoradh mo theangadh, DDána 57.16 . gé tú ar thoradh mo theangadh, 101.31 . Also by dint of (cf. (d)): ranic O. roime ... ar toradh a engnuma ┐ a eisimail, Celt. Rev. iv 18.1 . do cuaidh ar toradh a retha ass, RC xix 136.9 . dochuaid tarrsa ar tarad a lama laitiri, Ann. Conn. 1342.11 .

(f) fruit (of tree, etc.): ce t.¤ gl. fructum, Wb. 3b29 . primiti a clainde ┐ primite a torud, Ml. 99b5 . inna primiti inna torud, 123c8 . anmmann a toraid inna crannsin, Sg. 61b3 . ni don torud, 61b13 . torad ngelglas a t.¤ toisech, Ériu ii 116 § 50. intan is apuid a cetna t.¤ , ib. secht toruid docuiredar, 118 § 54. is as gabsat Albain | ardghlain ailes toirthiú, Todd Nenn. 148.2 . uair gerraid sí 'n-a cínd toraid ┐ guirt ┐ fínemain, PH 7661 . dorata in talam a thoirthi, Ériu iii 4.12 (YBL). cróeb co trí toirthib ina laim deis, iv 138.30 . itté trí toraid robádar fuirre, ib. ubla ┐ toirthi parrdhais nomelit, ZCP i 250 § 10 . torthae in tire, Stair Erc. 482 . a chroinn úir an taraidh thruim, A. Ó Dálaigh xii 7. fa thoirthibh na talmhan, TSh. 3442 . Crop of fruit: trí toirthi fair cecha bliadne .i. ubla ... ┐ cnōe ... ┐ derccain, Dinds. 160.

In phr. fo thorud bearing a crop of fruit: fo thorud cech degmoine, SR 4336 . úraigfes foa lantorud, 4486 . rígaball fó rīgthorad, TBC-I¹ 1954 . co mbet fo thorud, PH 1255.

g s. as adj. fruitful: in corp criad nī crand toraid, ACL iii 238 § 14 . bíadsum gach tonn toraidh, ZCP x 347 § 15 . gēigbheangān blāidh buantaruidh, xii 380 § 7 . craobh tharaidh do thairrngir tonn, SGS iv 140 § 11 . gan degfonn, gan chúil turaid `fruitful nook,' Caithr. Thoirdh. 136.26 .

Metaphorically: cen nách torud deg-gnima, PH 4920 . tabhradh Doiminic re ndul | dúinn toradh na dtrí slabhradh, Dán Dé iv 17 . trí toirthe na mídheamhna, Donlevy 452.10 .