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aidilccne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidilccne or dil.ie/877

 

Forms: aidilg(n)e, adailcce, adlaice

n , f. (aidliccen). Also aidilg(n)e, adailcce, adlaice.

(a) what is needful, need, necessity: athgabail trebaire ┐ adhilce .i. ima dliged adhluig, Laws i 254.7, 20 Comm. iar naidilgne uird according to the right order, iii 40.28 . triasin adailgne sin (of the Incarnation), Rawl. B 512 fo. 67d (Plummer MS notes). nach feichim dodaincie illessaib ┐ aidilgib (adalcib v.l.) co cenn mbliadna, Anecd. iii 25.16 . o rob erlamh gach nadhailge, ranaic Golamh a les, Leb. Gab.(i) 222.17 . Of what is needed for war: do chor bhídh ┐ gach n-adhailcce archena isin mbaile, AFM vi 2034. 20 . na baí aidhilcce neith fair ro bhadh lainn lais do cum choccaidh while he wanted nothing which he deemed necessary for war, 2142.19 . lá lón ┐ lá gach n-aidhilcce rangattar a les, 1986.8 . cona congaibh théchta da gach n-aidhailge `with proper equipment' (of soldiers), Hugh Roe 126.10 (fo. 34a) . ic innell ┐ ic imluadh a n-adhelge (adhelcce, adelcce v.ll.) arcena ┐ a n-arm catha o sin amach, CCath. 4644 . ?adhailgne .i. dligheadh, ailghean no mín, O'Cl.

(b) need, strait, difficulty: inna adlicne indigentiae, Enchir. Aug. 77a ( ZCP vii 482.491 ). ?ticfa[dh] rim, manbad m'ōigi / adhalgi na hēnpōigi, RC xxxvii 351 § 14 . omun ┐ uacht ┐ gorta ┐ aigilge, Aen. 1301 . fri airchisecht ar n-adlice, ACC 14 ( RC xx 162 ). ba hádhbhul méd a n-aidhilgni, CCath. 2355 v.l. (adhailgnighi, text). aidhble na haidilgne a mbatar, Leb. Gab.(i) 196.1 . lás in adhailcce ┐ las an ccuimhge a rabhattar d'esbhaidh airberta bith, AFM vi 2252.2 . tria aidilge airberta bith, 2140.15 .

aigne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aigne or dil.ie/937
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: aignath, aignedh, aignid, n-aidhnead, aighneduibh, a., aigni, aigneda, aighnedha, n-aighnedha

n m. Decl. varies. in t-a.¤ , Laws i 92.29 Comm. g s. aignath, ZCP xiii 19.31 . aignedh, Laws ii 80.16 . d s. aignid, ZCP xiii 20.12 . g p. na n-aidhnead , Cóic Con. 59.5 . d p. aighneduibh, Laws ii 80.27 Comm. With g. sg. aigni, ZCP xvii 50 § 19 . d s. a.¤ , Laws ii 80.26 Comm. n p. aigni, O'Curry 812 ( H 3.18, 375a ). With g s. aigneda, Laws i 90.y . n p. aighnedha, ZCP xii 359.22 . g p. na n-aighnedha , O'Curry 1269 ( H 3.18, 515 ).

One learned in law or in the practice of law; lawyer, advocate, pleader (on the functions of the a.¤ see Cóic Con. p. 11 ff. ): a.¤ .i. fer aiges ái; nó fer gníes ái .i. airc[h]etul nō cai[n]gen, Corm. Y 74 . cis lir aigni? . . . a tri: glas-aigni ┐ a.¤ airechta ┐ a.¤ frisinnle brith, O'Curry 812 ( H 3.18, p. 375a ). See glasaigne, 1 airecht, fris-indlea. ma ra foglainnsetar condat aigneda (aighne v.l.) fris n-indle breith . . . mas condat aigni airberta . . . mas condat glasaigneda (-aighne v.l.), Ir. Recht 46.w . See airbert. da trian na cuic set sin do fechemuin toicheda ┐ trian do a.¤ toxuil, dá trian cotuc a.¤ toxuil do a.¤ fechemnuis no dono cunabeth ní do na haighneduibh etir . . . .i. ruinn ar do itir aighne toxuil ┐ a.¤ tagra, Laws ii 80.26 Comm. aigni toxuil ┐ fiadnaisi, i 302.16 Comm. inge tri baegail naigneda, 90.y .i. tri hernaile ima baeglaither in t-a.¤ , 92.99 Comm. secip tacra dogniat na haicneda iar mbreith na brethe . . . ni bid smacht roairdi no roisli . . . and, O'Curry 250 ( H 3.18, p. 123 ). da-bera int aigni aichni forin conair coir the a. must be able to recognise the correct process (of judgement), Cóic Con. 17 § 7 . damad im leas n-eclasa nocho biad eiric arin n-a.¤ edir, 60 § 142. ni haighne nad óenaigedar ai he is no a. who does not unify legal process, ZCP xii 364.14 (see Cóic Con. 11 ). trí cumtaig gáisse . . . dagaigni do airbirt, Triads 178 . gen áigne ic nech 'n-a agaid with no advocate to speak for him, PH 7521 . inmain in fáid F. / ba haigni cáid . . . / . . . / ind ḟir lúaith o Lifechair, Metr. Dinds. iv 320.6 . cáit i bhfuil aighne mh'anma, Dán Dé iv 2 . dom aighne budh éadtarbha / bheith Dé Luain ar mo leas-sa, it will be a fruitless task for my advocate, 6 . a aithearrach mar aighne / it aghaidh ní iarrfaim-ne, DDána 11.33 . is tú bhus aighne, a Dhé, dhúinn, 57.21 . níat breitheamh ann niat aighne, Content. xiv 22 . ?orggain [in]na rīgingen / bid scél bid fhassach naenrē, / bid ōen di neort na flathæ / for haidni na borime, ZCP xiii 376.18 = for haidní, xx 223.6 (Baile in Scāil).

airbert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airbert or dil.ie/1622

 

Forms: oirbeart, -irt, -ta, oirbhirt, -e, -a

n f. Inflected partly as i- partly as a-stem, see GOI p. 449 . Later also m. oirbeart (g s. and n p. -irt, -ta) m., IGT Decl. § 25 . oirbhirt (g s. and n p. -e, -a) f. § 42 . Vn. of ar-beir. IGT Verbs § 83 .

(a) act of using, employing, exercising, practising: epscop dobeir ūasalgráda for nech nā bī tūalaing [a] n-airberta eter chrābud ┐ léigend ( i c. ┐ l., LB 11b46 ), Ériu i 218 § 3 . a.¤ bansgál i n-orgain using women in warfare, Cáin Ad. § 52 . In phrase a.¤ gaiscid: robai C. oc a.¤ (airimbert v.l.) gaiscid hi tuaimim a scēith, TBC-I¹ 1507 . combu thúalaing airbirt gascid, LU 1668 . in tan ro scáig do chách a.¤ a gaiscid, BDD² 1090 .

(b) Hence without qualifying word heroic deed, exploit: intan is mac bec dogní in a.¤ ucut who performs that feat of arms, Ériu i 114 § 3 . Alb na na.¤ , LL 21620 . ro molsat uili maithi na Tr. in oirbert ro triallsat praised the undertaking, Aen. 2087 . do ronsat airbirt tenn treorach attempt, Acall. 3408 . gibé oirbheart do-né neach / ní hoirdhearc é gan eineach `whatever exploit one may do', Studies 1924, 244 § 25 . minic do-rinnis-si . . . oirbheart nā budh nār do neach, O'R. Poems 415 . prowess. valour, courage: a uaisle a oirbheart . . . ag díon clú coróna Saghsan, Aithd. D. 25.17 . an t-Alaxandar . . . tanaiste . . . ar oirbert, Cog. 204.6 . gebtaitt . . . cuicced Ulad re nerbert `by prowess', Fen. 276.16 . imarbaidh einigh ┐ engnamha ┐ oirbearta na h-Erenn . . . d'imradh, MR 94.19 . fer co n-a.¤ , SG 18.33 . an tan ráinig Irial san ríoghacht ┐ doghabh oirbheart ┐ arrachtas ré a ais, Keat. ii 1829 . a.¤ .i. treoir, O'Cl.

(c) Of labour in general exertion, effort: roimigh A. lé oirbert féin `by his own effort', Ériu iii 166 § 22 . acht do rachad rea oirbert fein ina tir duthchais, Ann. Conn. 1315.9 . ni ar a n-a.¤ fein tangatar they did not come of their own will, O'Curry 2536 ( Eg. 88, 44(45)d ). oirbert no imram do denam, CF 57 . tús oirbheart ann mar do éirigh when He began to do things (of Christ), Aithd. D. 77.1 . do-ghéan uime mh'oirbheirt féin I will take my own measures about it, DDána 101.28 . Of making preparation: dēna fēin t'a.¤ colēic (of one being banished), Ériu iii 154 § 8 . In phrase a.¤ catha war equipment (cf. airmert): niba hannsa . . . gabail na nelipint sea fria hairbirt catha sin with that(?) war gear, BB 496a24 (IT ii2 101.) ro gabad . . . airberta in catha, Alex. 575 .

(d) act of practising law, pleading: tar a.¤ faesma in spite of protection being pleaded, Laws i 100.8 Comm. ni tathbongar a.¤ la aneolus, O'Curry 418 ( H 3.18, p. 229b ). dia ndernut serbus oc airbiurt, Laws i 296.4 Comm. recht nairberta .i. cin roairde cin roisli, O'Curry 2280 ( Eg. 88 fo. 21(22)a ). cin astad nairberta, O'Curry 813 ( H 3.18, 375b ). astad airberta ┐ a.¤ aoi iarna hastad, O'D. 560 ( H 3.17, c. 439 ). a ha.¤ feichemnais ┐ breithemnais, Laws iii 90.13 Comm. gan airbhert n-imṡena, Ériu xiii 27.29 ( O'Dav. 161 ). tri cumtaig gáisse . . . dagaigni do airbirt, Triads 178 . aigni airberta (special type of pleader), Ir. Recht 46.x . In phrase bérla n-airberta language of pleading(?): cloch, trī anmann lé .i. onn a īarmbērla, cloch a gnāthbērla, cloech a bērla n-airberta ar inní chlōes cach raod, Corm. Y 213 (or in meaning (e)?).

(e) import, use, application of words: bunad ┐ inde ┐ a.¤ conagar don focul is senchus, Laws i 30.y Comm. eitged . . . a a.¤ .i. a eipert fir ani nach [follus .i.] scoth is in focul [budein], co fagabar and trena tur, iii 90.16 Comm. insci .i. scientia (.i. ecna) a bunadh Laitne. Scothenga a a.¤ , Auraic. 571 . fid fundamentum a bunad Laitne fo edh a hinni fotha no fid ae a a.¤ , 763 . atat da aithfeghad for imchomarc .i. imchomarc iar n-inni thoirni ┐ imchomarc iar n-airbhirt nanairbirenn bith, 1895 . airbheart .i. tuigsi no ciall, O'Cl. cumgi airberta (of women), LL 344d34 . Note also: a.¤ .i. aircetal, ut est a.¤ cin [cil-]ceill .i. do denum cen claon ceille, O'Dav. 49 .

(f) In phrase a.¤ biuth (bith) (d s. of 1 bith world, see GOI p. 162 ) act of using, enjoying: a.¤ biuth comlabrae gl. bonorum ussu `the use of speech', Ml. 59a10 . ind erbert biuth gl. ut ipsarum rerum possit illis manere certa profussio uel functio, 68b14 . Esp. of food: ba ṅdílmain dossom a.¤ biuth di thorud a precepte, Wb. 10d14 . cid tol dó a.¤ biuth inna túare, 11b18 . rann aile do airbirt bith doibsom `another part to be eaten by them', 10d18 . oc airbirt biuth coirp Crist, 11b14 . do erbeirt biuth gl. esui, Ml. 20d1 . ind erbert biuth, 61c9 . ar a.¤ bith don crann urgartha . . . .i. ar na.¤ do roinne da bethughadh im chaithem thora[idh] in crainn, O'Curry 1750 ( 23 Q 6, 33 b ). edam .i. airbirt bith .i. edo , Corm. Y 518 . Hence of sustenance, food-supplies: riagail im aon airbirt bith o noin do noin one meal, Laws iii 14.21 Comm. an ccuimge a rabattar d'esbaidh airberta bith, AFM vi 2252.3 . tria aidilge airberta bith do beith for an mbárda in consequence of the warders' needing food, 2140.15 . do cuingheadh . . . airberta bith uirfheóla, Hugh Roe 272.10 (fo. 72a) . ag goid bhar nathardha ┐ bhar nairbherta bith foraibh, 208.26 (fo. 55b) . Note also: cid saill, cid feoil a a.¤ `whether his repast be . . .', Ériu iii 104 § 34 .

Later also use, custom, habit, mode of life: is ar chol dorímther leo dún ar n-a.¤ bith ┐ ar fógnam do dúilib dé, Alex. 925 . fogníatt dia na.¤ bioth ┐ bestatadh, Hugh Roe 178.y (fo. 48a ). ar deismirecht a betha inmedhonaigh, ┐ a a.¤ bith cach laithi, BNnÉ 19 § 42 . airbheart bith .i. beatha, O'Cl. aen airbeirt bith gl. catholicus, O'Curry 91 ( H 3.18, 66 ).

airmertach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airmertach or dil.ie/2260

 

n collect. of airmert equipment, arms etc.: a.¤ in catha, BB 493a42 = airberta , Alex. 575 .

cloch

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cloch or dil.ie/9550
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cloch, clach, claiche

n ā, f. cloch f., IGT Decl. § 39 . clach f., § 40 (forms claich, claiche proscribed).

(a) stone, rock; stone (as building etc. material): beim a cinn fri cloich, Ml. 139c3 . dambidc Semei di chlochaib `pelted him with stones', 58c4 . din chloich dorigne saland, Thes. ii 338.1 (Hy. v). borg Emma ro tetha, / acht mairte a clocha, Fél. Prol. 194 . c.¤, trī anmann lé .i. onn a īarmbērla, c.¤ a gnāthbērla, cloech a bērla n-airberta , Corm. Y 213 . lapis lasin Laitneoir, c.¤ lasin nGaedel; petra lasin Laitneoir, ail lasin nGaedel: sropula lasin Laitneoir, carrach lasin nGaedel, Auraic. 1086 . c.¤ (no ael) ┐ onn ┐ ailcne . . . is iat sin cenela c.¤ , 1088 - 89 . ro-dluigit na clocha (= petrae scise sunt), PH 3367 . doberat cloich cach fir leó do chur chairnd, LU 7029 ( BDD 67 ). dolleici a cend immon cloich co n-derna brúrig dia cind, IT i 82.3 ( LMU 19 ). c.¤ for fott, no fott for carruig, Laws v 270.26 Comm. (as a fence). c.¤ tarsiu fa tri fiad fiathnaisib, ii 118.10 Comm. (in distraining dry cattle). di chlochaib ┐ carrgib ┐ ailénaib in mara, TBC-LL¹ 1330 . bale i mbia fa chloich, LL 18899 (`where you will be buried', KMMisc. 264 § 22 ). a ch.¤ thall for elaid úair, 19325 . línaiter na builg sin do minchlochaib, RC xiii 68 § 72 . ag tuarcain na Cloichi Barraighi ┐ na c.¤ tuinidhi eile do bī isin trācht rocks, ML² 430 . c.¤ i ninad ugi (prov. of a bad exchange), Cog. 100.24 ; cf. Caithr. Thoirdh. 11.16 . ticdis croind ┐ clocha ua cheol a chruiti . . . co teigdis aran múr (of Thebes), TTebe 851 . co scenaib ┐ clochaib . . . do-rónad ind imdibe, PH 5746 . fuarumar cloich . . . ┐ na hanmund-sa i scríbend indte gravestone, 1581 . samail gach cloiche (of hail-stones), RC xviii 150.y (see c.¤-ṡnechta s. compds.). a c[h]rannghal sa c[h]. aolta `its timber and its lime-washed stone', Ériu v 60.121 . dá cloich tsalainn lumps of salt, Lism. L. 2408 . sirbualadh na tonn fo na clocaib, Ir. Astr. Tr. 42.5 . c.¤ chinn na huilleann corner-stone, Acts iv 11 . ro benadh a chend de for Cloich an Chommaigh i ndorus teampaill Focháirde, AFM i 330.5 (an. 732). Fig. of a chief: ní tráth aithreachais d'ḟuil Conaill / a gc.¤ chúil an gcéin do mhair, DDána 110.1 .

Attrib. g s of stone , less frequ. g pl. composed of stones : for corth[e] cloche, Thes. ii 343.43 (Hy. v Comm.). ata comrar chloche imbi and hi talam, LU 10991 . ail chloche mór, IT i 82.2 ( LMU 19 ). risin carraic clochi, MU² 669 . coro mara choidche / amal choirthe c.¤ , LL 18911 . nertlia cloche, TBC-LL¹ 1570 . colomna c.¤ do thócbáil . . . eturru ┐ in snechta, MU² 309 . ar n-osgladh don iomdhaidh c.¤ (of a tomb), Dán Dé iii 27 . cinnlitir chloiche áille / dúna[dh] flatha Fionngháille `the fortress . . . is a capital letter of beauteous stone', Ériu v 60.109 . rath an Spirata Naim do-rat . . . uisce asin carraic cloiche, Grail 3649 . an cladh clach `stone fence', Studies 1924, 244 § 20 . do chuir . . . a chenn ar adhart cloichi bigi `on a small stone as pillow', Stair Erc. 1910 . .u. ced dég ceim cruaidhdaingen cloichi `stone steps', 633 . cláir chloiche . . . ┐ dligheadh stone tablets, Exodus xxiv 12 . pertaining to stone: duileasg crann nó c.¤ lichen, Párl. na mB. 587 . saoir chruinn ┐ ch.¤ carpenters and stone-masons, 263 .

(b) Of stones used as missiles, sling-stones, etc.: gaibthi cloich isin tailm, LU 3277 ( SCC 7 ). c.¤ throthail . . . i llaímh gach ḟir, IT iii 97.6 . foceird C. cloich assa thabaill, TBC-LL¹ 1558 . do-teilctís lucht in leithi-si na clocha for lucht in leith[i] aili, Sc.M² 17R . gebid lamchloich do lár thalman darbo lán a glacc, LL 8576 (TBC). bolc lán (sic leg.?) di chlochuip d'orcoin, ZCP viii 120.13 . na clocha cruindi comdibhraicthi, TTebe 1984 . Cf. in ti no cinnfedh ar aei cloichi `the winner of the stone-throwing', Stair Erc. 202 .

With defining gen. c.¤ áeil limestone , see s.v. 1 áel. lia .i. corthe . . . .i. in c.¤ criche `boundary stone', Laws iv 8.7 Comm. clocha fothraicthe stones heated in the fire and used for heating bath-water: clocha fotraicthi, Trip.² 873 . ro marb Fergus Durn don cloich fothraicthe, Laws i 68.17 Comm. Cf. fotracud forsin clárudh cen tincur o dhune acht na clocha ind ┐ ass, IT iii 195 § 36 . lothomur . . . cona clochaib, MacCongl. 11.23 . Cf. also: clocha derga red-hot stones, Laud 610, f. 8c (Plummer MS. notes). clocha hi tenid samna (prov. phrase?), LU 7045 (here perh. used for cooking. See O'Kelly, JRSAI 1954, 105 ff. ). na liacc lamh ┐ na c.¤ nglaice hand-stones, CCath. 5859 . iccon cloich impóid itir croiss ō Adrad Moturu súass `turning-stone', BColm. 84.32 . c.¤ marmail, Stair Erc. 1963 . cloch na cloich mheóir 'pebble', Irish Texts i 31 § 50 . clach (sic leg.) ina loighe a ḟlaith Cheóil / ar in claich meóir oile üaibh, IGT Decl. ex. 1123 (incorrect because of form claich). c.¤ muilinn mill-stone : doronta cetheora clocha muilinn di, AU an. 999 . fúaim chloichthe muilinn, Rev. xviii 22 . Cf. c.¤ uachtair upper stone (of a mill), Laws i 140.17 Comm. m'aghaidh amhuil cloich thineadh `flint', Isaiah 1 7 .

(c) Med. c.¤ isna hairnib `a stone in the kidneys', Rosa Angl. 188.7 . clocha na narand, 330.10 . in uair bhenmuid na clocha fuail as an lamhonnán le gerradh, ZCP xviii 274.9 . a riocht na cloiche fuail pro calculo vesicali, O'Gr. Cat. 113.24 . c.¤ no ydoripis, Reg. San. 23.y .

(d) precious stone, gem (somet. c.¤ búada, c.¤ úasal): caoga gemm carrmogail do c[h]lochaib tíre na hInnia, ML² 1481 . c.¤ crisdail gl. cristallus, Ir. Gl. 552 . do cloich búadha re n-abur sardínés, Maund. 249 . feilm áosda chlach ccarrmhogail, O'R. Poems 199 . clocha cuaigh `[stones] suitable for (adorning) goblets', O'Hara 2380 . c.¤ medóin do dhornchla dhét, IGT Decl. ex. 80 . a chorōin . . . ier n-a himchengal do dēmont ┐ do c[h]lochaibh uaissle, Fl. Earls 172.28 . a gcomhraid airgit go n-imat gc.¤ lonnradhach, 80.7 . is c.¤ uasal tiodhlacadh a radharc an tí agá mbí sé, Proverbs xvii 8 .

(e) Hence perh. of the beads of the rosary: is mise Oisín . . . / . . . ag cóireamh c.¤ `arranging stones', Oss. iii 276.10 . Paidir air na clochaibh móra ┐ Fáilte an Aingil air na clochaibh beaga, Donlevy 448. 3 , 4 .

(f) a construction of stone, esp. fortress, stronghold, castle: giodh áille an chlach don taoibh thall `though the fort is lovelier within', Ériu v 60.115 . daingean c.¤ an dúnaidh dhe / loch ar cúlaibh na cloiche `the fortress is strengthened by the lake which lies behind it', 111 - 12 . da ralaig . . . comard ré cloich na cathrach `the stone-walls of the city', TTebe 4224 . c.¤ Corcaigi do loscudh, Ann. Inisf. 1230.1 . c.¤ angcaire an anchorite's cell, AU iii 288.24 . tú do rad dár gcionn an cholann / i gcloich nduaibhsigh `into a gloomy dungeon' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 61.70 . a muir ┐ a mórclocha, Stair Erc. 909 . na franclochaidh ga folach / a n-ardchlochaibh allmorach, IGT Decl. ex. 714 . daingni ná clach áelta íat, ex. 183 . le Cloich Insi na tTorc ar Loch F., AFM iii 360.6 . C.¤ Locha hUachtair do loscadh, 536.4 . ? dar let is c.¤ ar na cengal / an tech os loch lachnach, IGT Decl. ex. 268 . Cf. Luimnech na c.¤ cengail, Caithr. CC 10 .

Frequ. in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

Compds. With noun. clúas re clochadhart `a stone pillow', BS 92.y . a tōebaib clochadba, ACL iii 217 § 3 . clochalla glassa . . . ┐ cairrci rocky cliffs, CCath. 3413 . clochall cairrgidhe, Hugh Roe² 46.15 . lé fúaim chloichbhéimnigh bhonn a each láidir ` stamping ', Jeremiah xlvii 3 . clochcaop lump of stone , Anecd. ii 53.y . do mhaothughadh do chlochroidhe hard heart , Mac Aingil 1134 . ferr beith a ccloch-dinibh ceall stone shelters , ZCP x 30.23 . im ócbail droichitt .i. cid cloch droichit, Laws i 134.25 Comm. in clochdrochat (sic leg.) ō tigh cech clērig dīb dia chēile, MacCongl. 123.22 . a róimh chlaichfhinntreabh Chonnacht of white-stone houses, DDána 68.28 . lottar . . . tré cloch-ród Coradh Finne stone-paved road(?), AFM v 1668.5 . cloch-sairsi ┐ crann-sairsi art of building in stone, Laws v 92.z Comm. cith cloichṡnechta do ferthain hailstones, RC xviii 150.x (Tig.). gaoth tre chlaichshneachta chiothmhar, DDána 113.15 (cf. na clocha sneachta, 2). maith ro cumad in cleathbhaile / sa clochtaighe, IGT Met. Faults § 58 . ? adinnim deargain / a druith chail ar chlochtaigh, IT iii 90 § 119 . ic córgud chastíal fo churadaib di chlochthress, LL 32238 ( TTr. 1427 ). tuitim isin clochtres tíar, ZCP xiii 12.35 .

With adj. do athairg . . . / mhachaire clachaird Conuill, IGT Decl. ex. 9 . legga corra clochbana of white stone, Fen. 188.21 . flaith corn gclochbhán white-jewelled, Top. Poems² 613 . is o cairgib clochdaeraibh Slebi Chugais rod-coimbris . . . `rock-bound', Aen. 829 . cathair clochdaingen, Grail 3286 . scīath clochdond go ccomhraibh óir, ZCP viii 223 § 18 . ar lámhachadh lann gclochdhonn `bright-jewelled(?)', O'Hara 4035 . do mhionn clachórdha cloichfhionn, DDána 97.38 . crios . . . clachghorm, Rel. Celt. ii 262.5 . 'sin charn chlochthrom, LL 29862 .

With adj. derived from noun. droichett clochaelta do dhenamh la Cathal of stone and mortar(?), AFM iii 618.5 . cuirt clochaolta, Hugh Roe² 216.13 . na coirigh chlochaigeantacha bhíos . . . ag leanmhain dá lochtaibh féin stubborn, TSh. 10492 . a chathbarra caem clochbuadhach set with precious stones, Stair Erc. 735 . an rí co coroin . . . clochbuadhaigh fura cenn, ZCP vi 52.7 . gremaigiss . . . an c[h]loch . . . dia coicēilip comadhus[a] cloch-chomharsnach[a] oile `adjoining', Fl. Earls 148.4 . ¤órda: cinnbhirt clochórdha, Oss. vi 128.11 . With Part. an cheinnbheart chlochfhoirfe (1 foirbthe) crowned with jewels, O'Hara 1502 .

cloïd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cloïd or dil.ie/9576

 

Forms: clód

v (somet. also clu-, and with diphthong cloí(d)-, claí(d)-). IGT Verbs § 42 (clói-, clái-, claí-). Cf. Mod. Ir. cloíonn le, sticks to , (Greene, Ériu xxi 29 ).

I Trans.

(a) turns, turns back, repels : conid cloitis asind noibi i mbí `so that they might drive him', Ml. 112b20 . mac Failléin . . . / ní chlóifither for cúlu, SG 388.3 . ni claefidis é uada they could not turn him (part him) from it, TTebe 3446 .

(b) Of weapons turns the edge, blunts : ní for brágtib dam na bó / clóthir colg mo ruanado, LU 9672 . ? immo tarlaicthe cranna imma cloiset gai, LL 13474 . rocloait a cloidme re cailcib na cromsciath, Ériu viii 44.16 . ro chlaiset laighni . . . a taebaib trenmiled, Aen. 2825 . ? gora chloesetar a n-ilchlessarda ra tilib . . . na scíath cliss, LL 10537 ( TBC-LL¹ 3561 ).

(c) overthrows, vanquishes, conquers, destroys : is airi ro cload it has been destroyed, Wb. 3b1 . nob cloifether gl. uincemini, Ml. 67a11 . ro clois-siu gl. uicisti, 43d18 . ro chlói gl. uincente, 37a5 . clóither gl. uinci, 30c1 . cloithir gl. (eadem ruina . . . ) inuoluitur, 16b3 . i ndithrub pardais ro cloi-som Adam i ndíthrub in domuin ra cloi-som Críst, Tur. 18 . ro clui aicme ilclannaigh, O'Dav. 350 . cluidsius borb beolu bennacht `he subdued to benediction the mouths of the fierce ones', ACC 119 ( LU 1125 ). for Conchobar clúais, RC xxix 212 § 17 . con ro cloe demhon, Blathm. 172 . doel oca diul. Medithir orcni cor chlai a letaeb uile `destroyed', Fél.² xxxiv 38 . ma clāid airigu[d] `siegt (durchdringt)', ZCP xiv 348.14 (of testing samples of malt). macne Chathaīr ro cloīset mo brugas búar, Fing. R. 489 . dī cīch mnā no chlōitis leis (of Bricriu), Corp. Gen. 284.15 . ruiri Macha . . . / clōas crīcha Cathriach, 9.1 . is búaid mór do Góedelaib / co clothar in slúag, LU 9473 . nói cluid nís clúi garbdrend `could not demolish', Metr. Dinds. i 30.37 . nirb obair liúin rodusclái `that broke them (of dogs)', Metr. Dinds. iii 122.42 . ro clofinnsi Cesair gan ar gan airlech, CCath. 4581 . denaid frithaire . . . naro cloa diabul sib, PH 3052 . romclaeietar mo dubailce, D IV 2, 67b5 . dot bhais tsheing nār cládh ó chion, ZCP ii 352.26 . triar nach claoidhfidhear choidhche (of the Trinity), DDána 60.14 . sé gnéithe fiabhrusa . . . lé gclaoidhtear an cholann, TSh. 7890 . mairtír nár chló a coing, Celtica iv 125 § 28 . cloch . . . cloech a bērla n-airberta ar inní chlōes cach raod, Corm. Y 213 .

(d) With cath, cathu: cía ro chathu cloí, Trip.² 2530 . Hail Brigit 21 . erred fir cluas catha, LU 9681 . cluim cathu, LL 13864 (rhet.). clōiet na catha co crūaid, Ériu vi 122 § 11 ( Rawl. 83b24 ).

(e) Of the effect of grief: ro claided o galar na cumadh iat, Laud 610, f. 24b (Plummer MS. notes). rodonclái gol ┐ mairg, Metr. Dinds. iii 124.64 . adhbal ecc ecc dom ruacht, / cruaidh romcluidh, Leb. Gab.(i) 260.x (glossed: do thochail no do claoi mo croidi).

(f) With dath, cruth, gnóe changes (for the worse): ro chlai dath, / amal mnai beth ic lamnad, SR 3027 . ra ṅgab guba, ro chlói cruth, 6087 . Conaire caem cruth nár chlaei, SG 151.8 . do-clos tre diumus mo gnaoi `durch Übermut habe ich meine Schönheit verwandelt', ZCP x 416.4 . na hardphuirt-se ór clódh a gcruth, DDána 68.14 .

(g) With cíall, intliucht, etc. perverts, leads astray : nís derban día ṅdáil ind reb sin ┐ ní cluí a n-indtlicht oca ndáil, BDD² 1155 . .uiii. ṁbliadna buí i rrigi . . . cialla ros claí rectaid rán, LL 16618 . coro chluí a brétho a blaid / in t-Eocho, 15763 . nír chlódh mo chiall, Anecd. i 29 § 36 . is í menmai Deicc . . . ro cload ann, PH 1047 . roclaeit cetfada curad a[c] comthoitim, TTebe 2827 .

(h) Of desires, vices subdues, conquers: slan don miandaigh in ní claides a mian `what subdues her yearning', Laws iii 204.9 Comm. an tí chlaoieas a fhearg féin, Desid. 1491 . teagaisgidh mar chlaoieas sí saint na sul, 1195 . an tsubháilce ré gclaoitear an drúis, Donlevy 164.23 .

II

(a) Intrans. turns, returns, turns back : créd ima clofad óa anmianaibh why should he turn from his evil desires? Aisl. Tond. 103.1 . do closed da tigib, Ann. Conn. 1256.8 . ná cló dá hibhe `turn not to drink it', Magauran 2422 . do indtódar ón imresain ┐ do clóadar ón cath, Caithr. Thoirdh. 91.36 . níor chló an bhean do bhí dot iarraidh / gur bhean sí do dhiamhair dhíd (to the Cross discovered by Helena), Dán Dé iii 25 . [do] dhruim cheilge nocha chló, Aithd. D. 8.43 . gu ro clodhsat forculai cusin loingis doridhisi, Marco P. 149 . ra chlóiset cuir caratraid, LL 10521 (rhet.).

? is hed as dilem limm ciacloid gl. ne quis uos seducat, Wb. 26a2 (leg., with Sarauw, ciatloid, edd.) `that ye overcome', Plummer MS. notes. rinnib ris cloífet cnámreda, LU 10365 (rhet.). Bith mac Noe na n-ildrem / cid ro choíl re cladband, LL 521 . cúic claidmi nár chlaí fri cnáim, Leb. Cert.² 863 (? leg. claíset).

Vn. clód.

cumung

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cumung or dil.ie/13923
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: -ang, -ong, -ucc, cumhand, Cumuṅg

adj u, GOI § 358 . Also -ang, -ong, -ucc; cumhand (= -nn), Mackinnon Cat. 90.5 (see Wortk. 68 ).

Narrow; constricted; close; compressed, restricted; constrained: is c.¤ fuirib-si . . . occa nairitin na forcetal gl. angustiamini in uisceribus uestrís, Wb. 16a12 . timmthastaib no cumcaib gl. fixis labris, Sg. 6a17 . drochet cóel ┐ c.¤ , LU 2155 . chumu[n]c, 2160 . ? hi cocill chumucc anxious(?), 5505 (TBC). muinchend cumuṅg, 79 . i mbernaid cumaiṅg, TBC-LL² 1799 . cnú chumang chíar, Metr. Dinds. iii 144.5 . srotha . . . cumhga, Lism. L. 3661 . ger-ua cumgai na doirsi, TTebe 3866 . in dabuch . . . / fairsing ndési, cumang trír, Acall. 3926 . cuimge leo doirrsi na catrach, BB 436b8 . c.¤ . . . sét na bethad, PH 4002 . co ceimeannaibh cumgae, Stair Erc. 234 . 'na gcró-bhuaile chumhaing, TSh. 6696 . Tūadmuma nach cumang cath `not scanty in battalions', Ériu ii 50 § 2 . tír nach cumang móin, Ériu iv 228.7 .

More abstract applications: cumge airberta `close prac- titioners' (of women), Tec. Corm. 32.78 . is cumhang an chumha, Aithd. D. 6.8 . dá cridheise is cumhong, 18.25 . is rian chumhang . . . / teacht d'ḟulang pian i bpríosún, DDána 37.14 . cumhang le cách a chomhtha `too small', RC xlix 171 § 19 . an chomhairle chumhang `small-minded', Content. ii 47 . dream nar cumang ré cliaraibh mean, Duan. F. ii 378 § 29 .

Compar. is cumga . . . quidim . . . quam a inde, Auraic. 3397 . ní is cunga, Isaiah xxviii 20 . As superl. do chleith cró as cumnga, IGT Abstr. Nouns ex. 1004 . gach uair . . . is cumga an ainail `most difficult' (breathing), RC xlix 51.9 . feibh as cuimge conrangattar as tightly as possible (of fetters), AFM vi 1904.9 . Adv. co c.¤ gl. anxie, Laud 610, 24a cited Contribb. 567 .

As subst. nepuid hi cumgaib gl. eluctatus omnes angustias, Ml. 122a11 . tar cumang mo chraois, Ériu iii 148 § 3 . a breith a cumang sraiti `the narrow part of the street', Laws iii 184.19 Comm. ? gabur raith do c.¤ ┐ aitire do raith (process in recovery of a debt) `a competent surety'(?), Laws i 120.2 . Portion (centre loin ?) of meat: a cumang ni turbadach 'not mean the portion' Angus Matheson Essays 121 § 7 . As river-name:pn Cumuṅg, TBC-LL² 3608 .

Compds. With nouns: asin ccumhangcharcair, Hugh Roe² 264.x . asan ccumhang cuimbreach (sic), 328.21 . With adj.: lama lenaim. / cumangtholl, IT iii 77.8 .

See cúac.

3 fras-, frais-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 fras-, frais- or dil.ie/24248

 

Forms: froissdiubraichte

pref in compds. ; common in later poetry and romance, with subst. and less often adj., either with lit. sense of 1 fras or else = copious, abundant , later quick, active .

(a) with subst. : ¤aṁnert : fógra frasaimhnirt (meaning obscure) Aithd. D. 35.6 . frosbrechtrad findruine `a showery sparkling' (of decoration on a robe) RC xxvi 12 . ¤cheol : bruithṡéis taighiúir ḟraisciuil `quick melody' Hackett xxxi 3 . ¤chith : froischetha caor ... a gunnadhaibh showers of balls Hugh Roe 146.7 (f. 39a) . AFM vi 2028.16 . ¤diubrucud : foghar ... [na] bhfogha dá bhfraisdiubhracadh, Todd Lect. iv 94.5 (cf. go bhfraisdiubhraicdís mórḟódaibh -cast showers of clods 74.26 ). pl. na froissdiubraichte ` volleys ' AFM vi 2130.7 . ¤eólus ready knowledge (?) : in t-aigni airberta .i. fraiseolus i fenecus ┐ i filidicht aicgi, BB 364b39 (= fraiseol-, YBL 203a39 ; misprinted frais eoluis, Laws v 100.13 Comm. ). gurab dall nó daoi tug fraiseolas fabhaill dó `a shower of fabulous information' Keat. i p. 74 . ¤fáebar : fri ḟiansgor frasḟaobhar `heroic loosing of showers of blades' Todd Lect. iv 80.23 . ¤imbert : dogab N. ... aga fraisimirt (of playing chess) IT ii2 136 . ¤imram : ac f.¤-imram in mara, TTebe 2003 . ¤línad : tri fichit long ... ar na ffraislíonadh do ghleire galgat ` teeming ' Leb. Gab.(i) i 84x . ¤linn : f.¤ -linnti ... fola, YBL 309b35 ( MR 238y ). ¤mag : an frosmhagh fionn `watered plain' Ir. Monthly 55, No. 650 p. 437 § 29 ( DDána 319 ). ¤nél rain-cloud (?) scattered clouds (?) : fraisnēlla ... na firmaminte, CCath. 4421 . BS 22.6 . a bhfraisnéllaibh ... an aidheoir, Todd Lect. iv 84.9 . ¤sín showery or rainy weather: fulang fraissíne ` rain-storm ' BS 90.25 .

(b) with adj. : ¤garb : a bhfochuasaibh f.¤ -gharbha na firmaimeint `shower-wild vaults' Todd Lect. iv 84.10 . ¤glúinech : frasghlúineach (epithet of hair) `abundantly curved' (see 1 glúinech). Keat. Poems 66 . ¤gonta : feinnidh fraisghonta with many wounds (pierced by volleys ?) ML 134.27 ( ML² 1795 ). TSh. 6609 . ¤linntech : ba guinech ... fraislinntech ... a coimergi causing pool-forming showers (of blood) BB 420a17 .

(c) With verb, see s.v. -diubrucud, above.

fris-indlea

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fris-indlea or dil.ie/24367

 

Forms: frisninnlethar

v ā (indell; cf. frestlaid) in follg. exx. the under-lying sense seems to be meets, answers to, serves (a purpose, etc.), deals with (a piece of work); of persons, waits on, encounters, deals with (both in friendly sense and the reverse): in son frita indle la grecu (gl. interpretatio eorum apud Graecos, i.e. the Greek equivalent for them) Sg. 213a3 . ind .u. consain lasin Laitneoir is fern frisnindleastar [leg. -indlea] lasin nGaoidel ut est uir .i. fer ( i.e. Gaelic f corresponds to Lat. v), Corm. Y 576 . ni cluas donidnaig acht is trea donidnathur ┐ is í frisnindle the ear does not transmit it [the tradition] but it is through it that it is transmitted and it is it that receives and handles it H 3.18, 360b ( Laws i 37n ). dun aigni frisindli breth `the advocate who prepares [`dem ein Richterspruch entspricht' Thurn. Ir. Recht 47n .] judgment' Laws v 92.2 Comm. For the meaning of a.f.b. cf. further: in t-aidhni airberta ic toicid ┐ ac toxal do rigaib ... ┐ in t-aigni frisnindli breth ic feicemnus ima caingin, Laws v 100 Comm. in t-aídni frisnindli breth .i. noco n-uil acht glanadh ┐ cinnedh luig [sic B and Y; H 3.18, 178a has `luic' which is perh. correct, although this text is inaccurate in some places] ┐ aincesa atarru ┐ in t-ollam, Laws v 100.22 where the last sentence, rendered `between him and the ollam = distinguishing him from the ollam' i.e. the `glanad' etc. do not lie within his province, but within that of the ollam . Thurneysen's: `... der bestimmt mit dem Richter zusammen, welche Eide, etc., Ir. Recht 47 n. 8 , if it is a rendering of this passage is not entirely correct.

Of law-students: ma ra foglainnsetar condat aigneda frisnindle breith, Ir. Recht 46w . aigni frisninnle brith fer son taurrig tacrai fri bruinne brithi. asbeir fris aigni adgair: aigni dom air so corraib do lethi lim indiu imm in les[s]a; taurrigsidi tacra ... ┐ adsuidhi cin athcomarc do brethemain ┐ berair breth fair. ise fer in sin beras le[th]trian aroir taccra. belrai feni lais uile acht tulbretha ┐ ainches mbrethe. cuic seotu dec huaid do fiur forid cain ┐ a gairi ┐ a recht. ... ┐ is e in fersa agair o tosach [ = thoísech] tuaithi ┐ o brethemain ┐ o rig acht gnima r[e]achtairi ┐ ni beir baa o brethemain acht a folta. a les ria cach les ..., H 3.18, 375b ( O'Curry 813 ). In Laws i 290.32 : aigne frisninnle imuig represents: aigne f.¤ imuig, H 3.17, 108y (O'D.) = aighne fethamnuis amuigh, O'Curry 2697 ( Eg. 88 59 ).

Crist frisinnle mo chesta, Hy vi 9 , with gl. .i. rofrithaile, .i. dóene [leg. do-né] C. frithindel mo chest `may Christ prepare my pleadings' Thes., `may he draw up the statement of my case' Lib. Hymn. Gloss . deithbir dam ce phrisinliu tuaslugud mo tire a tuinidhiu tarrachtain, H 3.18, 18a ( ZCP xii 364 ). frisindle chaindill do deicse dus in bruithe in tairr, Corm. Bodl. s.v. lethech ( Thr. Ir. Gl. 27 ) = frisnindle, Corm. Y p. 70 .

With pers. obj.: iar céssad ... frisindled la haingliu `was attended by' Fél. May 23 . frisindle in coin cona díb lámaib ( tackles, grapples with ) LU 5012 . a ndosreng fris a laim, fritninnle in ben asin tsid a woman of the elf-mound encountered him (i.e. caught him on the other side ?) RC xxv 344.6 . Pass. impers. frisninnlethar ó ogbhaidh na Saxan ... do granaoibhlibh ... a gunnadaibh (of returning a volley of musketry), Hugh Roe 216.6 (f. 57b) .

Vn. fresndal, cf. frestal.

imdergad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imdergad or dil.ie/27464

 

n u, m. vn. of imm-derga.

(a) the act of causing to blush, putting to shame; shame, disgrace: cen imdergad (gl. (érnais) cen neim) `without putting to the blush,' Thes. ii 328.21 ( Hy. v Comm. ). tāinic Fer Diad leisna techtaib hīsin [ar] ūamun a imderctha dōib for fear of being put to shame by them (as a result of satire), TBC-I¹ 2215. slēchtaitt a cindu dō a cinaid a sáraigt[h]i .i. a imdergt[h]a `that he should have been made to blush,' BColm. 74.18 . corop imdergad deit fía cách, Mon. Tall. 153.29 . mād imdherccad degmnā im drūis `if it be making a gentlewoman blush by imputing unchastity to her,' Cáin Ad. § 51. dornasc d'ór aromthá | thuc dam i llúag m'imdergthá `as the price of my maiden-head,' LU 3978 (SC) (translated SCC (ed. Dillon) p. 47 ). rissi ruada .i. scéla gaiscid ┐ imdergtha cáich riana briathraib (? of blushing as the result of excitement), LL 187b21 . mór dot' imdergadh fuarusa much shaming have I got on account of thee, Moling § 27 ( RC xxvii 274 ). imdergad a gruadh, Ériu iv 214 § 9. clár findlergadh a aighthi | d'imdergadh rob anaithne, IGT Decl. ex. 235.

(b) blushing, a blush: imdergad imadergt[h]ar duine īarna āir nō īarna ēcnuch, Corm. Y 826. ma dia tucthar ruice ruadh-imdergtha fair, O'Dav. 64. dodheachaidh imdherccadh mór d'Aedh `a deep flush came over A.,' BNnÉ 36 § 64. in tan ... adconnairc ... imdergadh na hingine, Aen. 2928. Fig. modesty: a háine, a himdercadh, a gart `her modesty, her hospitality,' Ériu iv 146.11 .

(c) the act of insulting, reviling; insult, reproach: ail .i. imdergad, O'Dav. 64. ruice .i. imdergad, Lec. Gl. 256. eccnach .i. imdheargadh, O'Cl. focul ind imdergthae ┐ āire, Corm. Y 1228. de gaaib áire ┐ ēcnaig ┐ imdergtha, TBC-LL¹ 3024. do beir ruice nimdhergtha for a éiniuch who bring shame due to insulting to his face, Laws ii 26.12 Comm. ni fuilit imderctha na ēcnaige lind, Anecd. v 4.10 . co mbói ic glamud ┐ ic imdergud Brigte, Lat. Lives 83.6 . do gab ac aithisiugud ┐ ac imdergadh ... fer nÉrenn a n-aigid Con C., Comp. CC 106.z . ár is imdergad do C[h]ríst ┐ da eclais a comgráda do thabairt for neoch nā bī tūalaing a n-airberta , Ériu i 218 § 3. Gormlaith ... tanic ar debaid ... i cinta ind imdergtha tuc C. di, LL 52b3 . cen aithis, cen imdergad | cen chúrsachad, Ériu iii 98 § 12. tar éis gach imdheargtha dá dtug th' athair ... ar Eoghan, PCT 544. tuig ... gurab mar imdheargadh do-bheir Dáibhídh `duine' d' ainm ar an bpeacthach, TSh. 6327. do gabh fearg Greagóir ... ┐ tug imdheargadh mór do'n mhanach, Eochairsg. 111.37 . Mac Liag ... | minic tráth tug imdheargadh | do Bhrian, Aithd. D. 34 § 11. luchd imdheargtha ` revilers ,' 1 Corinth. vi 10. do ghabh ag egnach ┐ ag imdhergad na ndee, Stair Erc. 93.

(d) hostility: cred is crich imdergta ann ... in baile a mbi in bidhbanus cidh a crich a medhon cidh i sechtar crich bes in bidbanus, O'Curry 1446 ( H 3.18, p. 646a ).

1 recht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 recht or dil.ie/34898

 

Forms: rect, rechto, recto, rectto, rechta, rechta, recht, recte, racht, reacht

n u, m. O.Ir. n s. in rect , Wb. 13d27 . g s. ind rechto , 15a34 , cf. 1d16 , 21b13 , Ml. 60b12 , 74b7 . recto, Thes. ii 247.15 ( Cambr. 38a ), Wb. 2b26 . rectto, 1d15 , 4d11 . rechta, 18c9 , 21c1 (rccta). Ml. 74b5 . Mid.Ir. rechta. n d. in da recht , Wb. 29a16 . n p. recte, 29a16 . a p. tri dub-rechtu, Thes. ii 357.5 ( Hy. vii ). In Mid.Ir. occas. treated as neut.: n s. recht n-airberta , Eg. 88 f. 21a ( O'Curry 2280 ), Alex. 851 below (perh. to be taken as d s.). Occas. written racht. reacht m. (g s. n p. -a), IGT Dec. § 95 (p. 127.14) .

(a) law , in wide sense of a collective system of prescripts, whether traditional or codified or inherent; in Glosses = Lat. lex (later superseded by dliged). reacht, dlighe, lagh, Eg. Gl. 520 . forcetul recto Dee, Thes. ii 247.15 . iar riaglaib in rechta diada, PH 4227 . rom-soír-sa rect spirto di rect pectho (gl. lex spiritus . . . a lege peccati ), Wb. 3d20 . in rect comaccobuir file i mballaib caích the law of concupiscence , 13d27 . ro taisfen filidecht ┐ brethemnas ┐ recht fer nErend olchéna, RC vi 165.2 ( LU 9777 ). is tre ḟír flathemon cach recht rán, ZCP xi 81 § 12 . recht, ┐ enech, ┐ ainim (foundations of social ordinances), Laws i 230.4 (glossed: recht, .i. flatha. Enech, .i. Feni . . . Ainim, .i. eclasa, ib. 9 ). fer rechta i n-ecosc dilsigh . . . . . . do marbhadh, iii 214.20 (i.e. killing a man who is within the protection of the law, a homo legalis, in mistake for an outlaw). elodhach rechta `an absconder from law', v 174.17 . breth rechta a legal judgement , PH 2810 . mar ar horduigheadh reacht is dlighe . . . ar Éirinn, Keat. iii 2349 .

(b) recht aicnid the law of nature (morality arising from natural instinct): tar recht ṅ-aicnid, gl. cis naturae leges, Sg. 217b16 . Used esp. of the moral law before the Mosaic legislation: recht aicnig ro bai la firu Erind [sic] co tiachtain creitme, Laws iii 26 y . ateoch huile thuicsenchu rechta aicnid, im Aibel, im Sheth, etc., Ir. Lit. 32.15 . ni aidlingcet o nachaib rechtaib nā fúiglib nā brethemnachtaib acht recht n-aicnid namma, Alex. 851 .

(c) in Glosses and earliest rel. lit. used (generally without art.) in special sense of the Mosaic law (later a qualifying gen. or adj. is usual): is he-side ro fiugrad i rrecht et adfiadar i soscelu, Wb. 18c8 . is ed ro boi hi rrecht digal cutrummae frissin peccad, Ml. 54c2 . in recht arsata Muisi, PH 487 . Gamaliél .i. sai rechta, 1649 . aos rechta (those under the Mosaic dispensation), Hib. Min. 7.206 . luid fo recht . . . Críst i callaind Enair was made subject to the law (by circumcision), Fél. Jan. 1 . do fuagradh isin tsenrecht can muic do ithe, Maund. 61 . eagluis an tsean-rachda, Eochairsg. 5 z . ro scríb [Moyse] i llébraib in rechta fáthacda, PH 5731 . ateoch huli thuicsinchu rechta fatha, im Eliam, im Eliseum, etc. the law of the prophets , Ir. Lit. 32.20 . racht faide . . . .i. diriataidh na faistine ro bi ac na faidhib anallut, Laws iii 30.23 .

Of the new dispensation or Gospel law: in da recht . . . uetus et nouum nó na tri recte .i. naturae rl, Wb. 29a16 . on dib rachtaib .i. ho phetarlaicc ┐ nufhiadnaise, PH 6783 . coinneal tóidhius teóra reachta (of Colum C.), ZCP viii 197 § 11 (as fem.). ateoch huile thuicsenchu rechta nuafiadnaise, Ir. Lit. 32.22 . scéla an rechta naeí, RC x 184.3 . seacht sacramuinti an nuai-reacht, Mac Aingil 2.8 Pref. ).

r.¤ litre the written law, scripture: racht n-aicnig ┐ racht litre (.i. tucastar Patraic leis), Laws iii 28.3 , 7 . Cf. ib. 30.31 . ateoch huili thuicsenchu rechta litre, im Moysi, etc., Ir. Lit. 32.18 (where recht. l. is used of O.T.). Similarly: doridnacht recht bérlai báin do Moyse, Ériu iv 136.7 (where bérla bán = Latin, the lang. of Scripture).

In later writers of Scripture or church law: don Choimdi[d] ni comharba | nech nā lega a recht, ACL iii 313 § 14 . a n-aghoidh reachta ┐ chreidimh eguilsi De, Fl. Earls 112.28 . éin-eglas, éun-bhaisdedh ┐ éin-réchd, Parrth. Anma 52.20 .

(d) of a particular law or ordinance : dia ro fuirmed recht Adomnáin for Góedelaib, FA 32 = r.¤ nA., LB. intí téte fo recht n-imdibi the law of circumcision , Wb. 20a12 . do rect fognama do fiur the law of service to a husband , 10b22 . So in pl.: i carnd fhind na racht is na riaghal, Ériu x 84 § 75 (: seacht, leg. reacht). sruth Tibir i rRóim na recht, ZCP viii 106 § 7 . Loosely used in chevilles: innis dúinni tré rechtaib (i.e. as is due?), Anecd. i 29 § 34 .

(e) authority, rule : Maelmorda . . . glorda a ṡét is a recht ríg. LL 30a29 . do chruas rechta ríg Ailig `sway', O'Gr. Cat. 384.7 . níor chanas . . . glór ribh acht do reacht leabhar `according to the books', Content. xxiv 23 . recht n-abaidh iar sein ro gab the authority (office) of an abbot , ZCP viii 115.6 .

(f) in abstr. sense right, lawfulness : racht .i. ceart, Lec. Gl. 116 M . recht .i. cuimsech, O'Dav. 1349 . lucht mo ríartha ba recht lais do beith accom he thought it right that I should have people to serve me (?), ZCP viii 220 § 31 . a ndernadar a daoine | re Dia dh'adhbhar egaoine | reacht lind go dtanaig astegh | ar brághaid ghill na nGaoidheal we deemed it just until it was visited upon the hostage of the G. , Irish Texts ii 105 y . ? ra recht rubad, TBC-LL¹ 1667 (`das Recht der Erstechungen', Windisch). ? fri cach racht cid fiala a flaithe though their chiefs be generous to every claim (?), ACL iii 296 § 38 .

Rare in compds.: mór a recht-blad dar rígaib `his rightful fame', Metr. Dinds. ii 48.34 . dā recht-iarla `two just rulers' ( administrators of law ?), MacCarthy 176 § 5 ( LL 128a51 ).

? taitrisem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? taitrisem or dil.ie/39925

 

n da ngell fri breith .i. im corus nae, ┐ airberta, no fri t.¤ a riara, H 4.22, 25 ( O'Curry 1989 ). ? Leg. tairissem.

úasal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. úasal or dil.ie/42796
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ūassal, uasal, huasil, huasail, úaisliu, húaisliu, huaisliu, huaislimem, uasal, huaisle, huaisli, uasalathair, úasalathraig, huasalfichire, huasalgabáltaid, huasallieig, huasalsacart, huasalterchomrictid

(in pl. as -i- stem) adj. and subst.

adj I o-ā high, lofty ; metaph. noble, honourable : ūassal .i. ūassa fil, Corm. Y 1276 . uasal .i. oirrdric, Lec. Gl. 23 . altus .i. uasal a laidin sin, 235 . is ind athig huasil .i. moir (gl. sublime) `in a high wind,' Ml. 57c12 . huasil (gl. summa), 56a10 . huasail (gl. summates), Sg. 200b2 . frisna duli huaisli `to the high elements,' Ml. 55d8 . Of persons : Germán martir úasal, Fél. Feb. 4 . ri huasal, SR 565.832 . slúag Euagair úasail, Fél. Apr. 3 . athair Iohain uasail Babtaist, SR 7458 . fri hapstal n-ūasal, Corm. Y 1224 . ar in flaithius suthain na da apstal uasli, PH 1627 . Of places : ós Egeipt uasail, SR. 3380 . Ri rothidnacht do chlainn Chaim | in n-Affraic n-uasail, 2658 . Mellán Inse húasle, Fél. Feb. 7 . frisrócaib nem ṅ-uasal he ascended to high heaven, Oct. 24 . Of things : etha aird osil of tall noble corn, AM 73.19 . ind arc huasal, SR 4905 . batar i cachtaib ... | fo smachtaib huaislib Ioséiph, 3162 . Of jewels : le a chloich n-uasoil, `with his precious stone,' TD 22a40 . atáid soimhianuighthe tar ór ┐ tar chlochaibh uaisle, TSh. 10684 . ináid na clocha ūaisle, Proverbs iii 15 . Metaph. : genfedit teora gemma uaisle ... uaib, Trip. 462.16 . Of a tale : atá sgéal uasal eile | agam ar an aithreighe, A. Ó Dálaigh li 13 .

Contr. with ísel : sírid in rindide ṅ-uile ó hisul co huasal, BCr. 33d3 . d'eidirdeliughadh onóra gach aoin ... otha íseal go hu.¤ , AFM i 44.1 . o a fomhámaighthibh o tha u.¤ co híseal, 116y . o u.¤, o isal, Ir. Lit. 14.22 . bid ú.¤ cid ísel, Tec. Corm. § 31.30 . d'fhearaibh Uladh idir íseal agus u.¤ , ITS xxiv 136.28 . ní bfhuilid siad ísiol ná u.¤ (of decayed nobility, PCT 901 . Lordly, haughty (?) : do bhí sé uasal d'uaislibh fíre, do bhí re a thaoibh sin d'íslibh íseal, Keat. Poems 771 . Generous (?) : Ua Ruairc do b'u.¤ le deóruidhibh `who behaved nobly to,' O'Rah. xxii 46 .

Compar. : bad úaisliu cách lialaile oldaas fessin, Wb. 23c15 . is úaisliu cach céitbuid córe, 24b4 . úaisliu són, 19d21 . do eim ... in clī innī besid nīsle, do emar som ōnni besad n-ūaisliu, Corm. Y 275 . uaisliu doib Dia, SR 5852 . húaisliu (gl. eminentior), BCr. 33d9 . is huaisliu cech duil a ndaratad don doinacht `is above every creature,' Ml. 25a1 . it huaisliu cách `Thou art higher than all,' 108d2 (gl. transcendis). at huaisliu oldate nime (gl. celsiorem) 126c9 . is huaisliu a folud saidi ... oldatae in doini `nobler,' 112b20 . huaisliu (gl. sublimior), 32a15 . (gl. sublimioribus) 116a10 . (gl. superior) 71b13 ; (gl. superioris), 32a17 ; (gl. superiore), 49a21 ; (gl. superiores), 113c9 . uasliu cech rád `nobler than any saying,' Ériu ix 46 § 13 ( LL 147b26 ). uaisliu in cend innāit na buill, 48 § 24 . uaisli lē a clann re Cathlán, Irish Texts ii 3 § 15 . is ro uáisle na ór, 1 Peter i 7 . Adv. : indhuaisliu oldáte cedair leuain `more loftily than,' Ml. 48c21 .

Superl. : huare it hé ata huáislem ánd, Ml. 116a11 . huaislimem (gl. altissimum), 28d14 . huaislium rígaib rígda gein, | rí rogenair i mBetheil, SR 7521 . gnim as úaisliu, Fél. Oct. 23 . a Christ as uaisliu, ib. Ep. 319 . is siad féin is uaisle d'ḟuil, TD 17.21 .

n II Subst.

(a) a lofty place : dind .i. cnoc nó uasal nó aibind, Lec. Gl. 83 . is bennachda in t-íí tanic chucaind i n-anmaim in Choimded, ┐ no-n-slanaig is-na huaislib, PH 4386 . Gloir do Dia is-na huaislib `Gloria in excelsis Deo', 4788 . Of incense : ... uair athascnaid a de-side ... i n-uaislib nime, 7020 .

(b) a noble : uasal d'aibigh ó ríghthibh é, O'Rah. xi 17 . fem. an uasal mhaordha, xxxiv 110 . nách raibhe R. acht 'na uasal `a [private] gentleman,' AFM v 1726.16 . pl. na huaisle , TSh. 71 . uaisli ocus ard-mhaithi Erenn, MR 140.3 . droṅg d. d'arbrib aṅgel | na n-uasal, na n-archaṅgel, SR 792 . drong d'uaislibh F., AFM ii 1022.13 . colcaid ... .i. coimēd cādusa ī, ar is la hūaislib bīs, Corm. Y 341 . mó do sceile ég an ḟir | iná céd eili d'úaislib, IGT, Decl. ex. 60 .

See also u.¤ ┐ ísel, above under I.

As npr. f. : Uasal oen-gel, ben Ḟaelain, Metr. Dinds. iv 342.31 . U.¤ ingen Subni, v 144 ( LL 169b marg. inf. ). mors hUaisle filiae Suibni, AU 642 =bass Uasle, etc., RC xvii 186 (Tig.).

(c) Of things : inna huaisli (gl. summa), Ml. 48b7 . is airi asindet som donaib huaislib i ndiad inna n-ísel, 40c20 .

Compds. : úasal-athair m. a patriarch : uasalathair (gl. patriarcha), Ir. Gl. 13 . is Cathair is uasalathair do ṡaerclannaib Lagen ` ancestor ,' RC xx 418.3 . pl. úasalathraig ┐ fáde, LU 1990 ( FA 6 ). Húasalathraig, fáithi, Fél. Ep. 13 . drong fáithe ..., proféta ..., uasalathraig guidme, ib. 243 . i n-ernaigthib hūasalathrach, Thes. ii 355.8 . i n-oentaid úasalathrach, LU 2489 . dilig dam cach cin romgab | ar fairinn na n-húasalathar, SR 7812 . a Isu ... a chrid-serc uasal-aithrech, Ir. Lit. 40.8 ( ¤athrach v.l.). adhnacal inna n-uasalaithrech .i. Adhamh ┐ Abraham ┐ Iacop, Maund. 51 . a cosmailecht cheneoil ... na n-uasalaithrech, MR 116.7 . do húasalathrachaib et fáthib et apstalib, Wb. 30d1 . ¤bráthair noble kinsman : o aimsir bhar n-uasal-brathar, MR 126.14 . ¤chaín gentle and noble : airdrigan uasalchain, Ériu v 146.16 . ¤dechon m. an archdeacon : Trip. 104.25 . ¤eclais : go huasail-eclais S. Iulio `great church,' Fl. Earls 132y . ¤espoc : Cellach comurba Padraic, uasaleaspoc Erenn, RC xviii 52.4 . ¤fích : cusin (n-ua)sal(fích) (gl. ad Areopagum Acts xvii 19 ), Thes. i 497 ( Ardm. 182a2 ). ¤fíchire : huasalfichire (gl. Areopagita, Acts xvii 34 ), Thes. i 497 ( Ardm. 182b2 ). ¤gabáltaid `high-holder' : huasalgabáltaid (gl. arquitenens), Sg. 24a9 . ¤grád high orders : nach epscop dobeir ūasalgrada for nech nā bí tūalaing [a] n-airberta , Ériu i 218 § 3 . Rule of Tallaght § 59 . toitim fo uasal-grad, § 38 . ¤inntlechtach : ier n-a gabāil go glic uassail-inntlechtach (of a besieged city), `with ability' Fl. Earls 30.23 . ¤lieig : huasallieig principal physician (gl. archiater), BCr. 35a1 . ¤martīr : mar uassal-martīr, Fl. Earls 206y . ¤mór noble and great : Almu uassalmór, Acall. 3365 . ¤nóemtha : an sēpēl uassal-naomhtha, Fl. Earls 146.13 . ¤peinntélad : ierna uassal-peinntēladh nobly painted , 178.3 . ¤sacart archpriest, high priest : huasalsacart he, Trip. 8.5 . Calpuirnd ainm a athar .i. uasalsacart, ACL iii 8 § 3 . Arón ... | ba huasalsacart húasaib, SR 4910 . a chethri maicc ... | Aron ind huasalsacairt, 4902 . a uasalsagairt na huile dul ( O High-priest of all creation ), Ir. Lit. 2.30 . ¤terchomrictid ruler of a synagogue : huasalterchomrictid (gl. archisynagogus) Thes. i 497 . ¤techtaire chief messenger : ind Archaiṅgil ... | ithé na uasaltechtaire, SR 692 . ¤toirrchess : gur glacus ... in t-uassal-toirrchess, Fl. Earls 116.16 . ¤tres a noble battle MR 94.12 .