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airfitid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airfitid or dil.ie/1967

 

n (airfitiud) i, [m.] musician: baí már do immud cach thurchomraic . . . ┐ do airfitib adamraib, LU 10133 . in tan . . . dobertís na hairfiti di is and atbered si, IT i 77.8 (LMU). cia dobertais airfite in domain chuice, LL 278b35 . ni hairfidig in mer `the madwoman is not a minstrel', Laws i 138.1 Comm.

ar-peiti

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-peiti or dil.ie/4244
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: arabeiti, airfitiud

v (* ar-sét, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 627 ). Presumed short vowel of root due to infl. of prot. forms, ib. Initial p- (somet. b-) usual in deut. forms, f- in prot. forms, see GOI 124 . Freq. also with -tt- in deut. forms. Cf. also peited, peitid. Somet. treated as simple verb airfitid (see also airfitigid).

For the orig. literal meaning blows or sounds before see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 627 , 480.3 . In the exx. us. sounds to, plays for, entertains, etc., with subject meaning music, entertainment , etc.: arpeti cech díne it entertains (edifies?) every group, Fél. Ep. 79 (of the Félire). aruspeittet céola ┐ airfiti music and entertainment perform for them, TBFr. 287 . fūaim na gāithe frisin leman ardonpeiti makes music for us, ZCP vii 310 § 7 = ardos peti, Reeves Ad. 274.19 . arpetitis rīgu . . . ceōl na n-ēn . . ., ZCP iii 39 § 12 (ceōl neut. pl.?). don fir roairfitset uili whom all amused, xii 291.3 (of musical instruments, etc.). is tṡenchoss ardospeitted `in the legend that chanted to them', Metr. Dinds. iii 104.11 . dáig nosoerfeted a medar because their mirth used to entertain them, Ériu iv 124.y . is ed no-arfitedh Connachtai gach lai, eisin ac a indisi doip . . . this was what used to amuse, ZCP i 103.y . atat . . . brechtrad fors na cetfadaib ┐ fors na h-ulib ailib arpetet do duine which give pleasure to man, Alex. 998 . atat araile . . . arpetet o ṡúilib i fégad cumtach gémm . . . ┐ nis oirfitet diar cluassaib ná sróna, arpetet caínbolud . . . ┐ nirpetet (= ni arpetet) o ṡúilib, 1001-4 . Note further: arbeittet bairdni bindi / . . . ainm nAeda sweet poems extol (`modulate') the name of A., Thes. ii 295 § 8 . arrospetti mael an animal's head is their portion (at a feast), LL 3773 (see 1 mael (f)). arpéite na hócasa (of the head of a dead warrior), SG 412.15 . Exact application uncertain (and vb. perh. redundant) in: bao sūan ┐ ālgeni arapete in mac dēgenuch ar thrumma ina brithi, ZCP iv 36.19 = arabeitte, TBFr. 115 . See Études Celt. ii 16 . In TBFr. 114 , where MS has arbíth = ara bith, ZCP iv 36.17 , and where ed. has emended to arabeiti, the verb should perh. be referred to ar-tá.

Later (?) with subj. meaning musician(s), etc.: aruspettet (.i. sennit) a n-áes ciuil their musicians play to them, LU 4736 ( TBC-I¹ 250 ). ardopetet iarom a n-áes ciúil ┐ airfite, 8181 ( FB 13 ). cāine ailme ardommpetead `the bravest band makes music to me', K. and H. 30 . arrospedet ceól . . . na mna maithe the good women play music to them, Anecd. i 61§ 98 . airfid Laigniu anocht feib roairfedis do thigerna o chianaib `amuse the Leinstermen . . . as thou amusedst . . .', RC xxiv 62 § 21 . airfided nech aili thu anocht `let someone else amuse thee', 50 § 7. ? arpetend carbach fo chruch, LL 20178 ( Oss. i 49 . Leg. -ind?).

Vn. airfitiud. IGT Verbs § 83 .

clíar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clíar or dil.ie/9479
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cléir, cléir, cléire, clíara, cléire, clíara, cléiri, cliara, clíar, clíaraib

n f. Also cléir (see GOI § 925 ). (Lat. clerus. Gender perh. influenced by a native word). a d s. cléir (d s. cléire, Párl. na mB. 2288 ). g s. clíara cléire ( cliaro, Ériu i 215.y ). n p. clíara cléiri a p. cliara, LU 1001 . g p. clíar. d p. clíaraib.

(a) clergy, the clerical order : in chlass in chleir, SR 4393 (ref. to aes óg, sacairt, leignidi, 4389 ). anns an gcléir níl mo spéis, Oss. iv 2.8 . togairmt[h]er an c.¤ , Aisl. Tond. 94 § 2 . cliar nó daoine saoghalta (clerici vel saeculares), TSh. 4636 . ris an gcléir adeir Críosd `is sibh-se solus an domhain', Donlevy 334.24 . coing na cléire, ZCP v 220 ( Midnight court 587 ). Cf. do rīoghdhrongaibh . . . clēre, fileadh ┐ naoimh-chlēre canōnta, Celtica i 88.16 .

(b) company, band, train, troop (especially of a poet's following), group of professionals (poets or lawmen); somet. perh. choir: ni ellastar cloenchleir .i. ni ailed na cliara nidligtecha (for indligthecha), LU 1001 ( ACC 94 ). Ciriacus / cona chléir cháin chathlaic, Fél. Aug. 28 . forcennat cléir n-Apréil `they end the train of April', Fél. Apr. 30 . á chliar nime, Ep. 373 (chleir, v.l.). Dionis in t-epscop / ata cléri cóema, Fél. Mar. 14 (cliara, cleire, v.ll.). cliar aesa dana, Lat. Lives 55.12 . concanat . . . / fo chliaraib, fo chlaschétlaib, SR 2166 . ar chleir na n-apstal . . . / ar sluag na n-uag ṅdeiscipol, 7813 . glámma ┐ clíara. fiallach ciúil ┐ airfitid , LL 12771 . clīara ciūil, cornaire, ZCP viii 208 § 46 . no bīdis in chlīar sin . . . oc clīaraighecht lassin dūain sin, xii 291.8 . is bec linne beith duitsiu i clēir chlerig `in a cleric's retinue', RC xiii 102 § 132 . mé Mac Coissi cend na ccliar, ACL iii 305 iv § 8 . do chliaraibh no do eigsibh, MS. Mat. 574.9 . cliar chille na tuaithe any (organized) band either of churchmen or laymen MS. Mat. 575.37 . cruinnighis Loard Seomarlin ┐ a mac ┐ clíar tShaxan ina nagaid, ALC ii 216.22 (an. 1513). Muirenn . . . ben Dalláin ┐ in chliar caillech, Tromd. Guaire 215 . gáir chrot is chliar, KMMisc. 50.6 . cliar téad harpers, DDána 85.45 . cothughadh cliar . . . / riar na héigse, Keat. Poems 1409 . tar chléir an fhuinn Éirionn-sa 'despite the lawmen of this land of Ireland' Ériu lviii 150 § 39 .

(c) hunting-party : gidh taoi ársadh, . . . / is maith do riarfá cliar ar chnoc, Oss. iv 2.13 . ná gártha cliar n-a dhiaidh am nóna ` hunting-bands ', O'Rah. 72.28 .

(d) Of birds: coistid cleir na n-én do cheín, LL 356 marg. sup.

(e) By transference, poem, song : nōnbor āesa cerdd[a] ina sessam imbi oc cur na clīara, Corm. Y 141 (= oc cantain na cléri, LB). docain . . . / ind enlaid . . . / cliara caine, SR 1024 . tosach na cléri no na duaine, LB 238(c)b40 .

Compd. With noun. na héigsi . . . , / na cléirche, na cliarsgola bardic schools , Ir. Syll. Poetry 70 § 1 .

fíanlach, fiallach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fíanlach, fiallach or dil.ie/21955
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fíanláech, fiallach, fiallaig, fianlaighi, fíanláech

n o, s, m. (fian + sluag, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 14 ). Also fíanláech (cf. óclach, —lách, —láech). n s. in fiallach n-isin BDD 56 Eg. d s. fiallaig, TBC-LL¹ 4007 . n p. fianlaighi, AU 817 .

(a) a fian-band ; a band or troop of warriors: (1 ) fiallach .i. fian laoch no foireann laoch, O'Cl. in fíanlach aile the other champions LU 9169 ( FB 90 ). bá inmain in fianlag BDD 56 . ba he fiallach seng subach (sic leg.), Fianaig. 10 § 11 . toghal innsi L. for fianlach mār di maccaib bāis Luigne, AU 846 = AFM i 474.1 . da innisin dún tuarascbail ... a curad ... ┐ a fíallach feraind, TBC-LL¹ 5148 . leth fiallaig half a troop RC xiii 454.16 . f.¤ na toghla the attacking party Leb. Gab.(i) i 82 .

(b) later used in wider sense of a number or set of persons connected in some way or merely present together, commonly with pl. vb. : fíallach bátár úallchu .i. secht maic Ailella, BDD 42 . eocho in ḟiallaig sin (of four people) TBC-LL¹ 683 . co doruachtatar in fiallach aile cucai (= all the others), Thes. ii 328.44 = IT i 39 . don ḟialluch bite for a lar to those within Marco P. 49 . curpu ind fienlaig marbt[h]a of the slain CCath. 3585 . nuall an ḟiallaigh imneadhaigh (sinners on Judgment day), Ir. Monthly 1927, 263 . cid forbann le fiallach though some deem it excessive MR 240.15 . in fiallach fil oc gabail ime `the party who were suing him' Laws ii 256.19 Comm. crech fiallach [leg. —aig ?] bescna `plundered from people ... who have a `bescna' compact' iii 368.9 Comm . (cf. f. cāna, O'Dav. 1002 ). Oft. with qualifying gen. (like aes, lucht) : fiallach comair ... no fiallach an umaloiti `a co-ploughing, ... a good-will party ; Laws v 138.7 . fiallach ícci ┐ legis physicians TBC-LL¹ 3587 . imomhain for ainnribh ┐ for iallach n-ēadrum 'great fear for women and delicate people', BDC 248.394 . f. foraire watchmen 5091 . fiallach cíuil ┐ airfitid minstrels LL 109b11 . is o cheol atá nemhte[n]chus don fiallach airfitid , O'Mulc. 830d . cusin bhfialluch ngaiscid bui 'na mbroinn `with the armed men therein' Marco P. 114 . (2 ) inmain fianloech formnai gil, YBL 127b47 ( W.S. Festschr. 5 ) (alliteration not regular in this poem, but seems intended here). Cf. fianlaech mór, LL 333a47 (= f. mora, ZCP viii 319.1 . Rawl. 142b19 ). Probably fían láech, LU 6136 should be read fíanláech, with TBC-I¹ 1649 .

neimthenchus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. neimthenchus or dil.ie/33053

 

Forms: ne(i)mtenchus, nemsenchus

n o, m. also written ne(i)mtenchus (perh. correct form), -tṡenchus and -ṡenchus. Legal privileges due to status, position, social standing: ar nimtenchus don filigh, Laws i 62.6. gell don eclais ar ata nemtsenacus, 276.1 . ara nemhtsenchus, ii 20.10 . nemsenchus, v 14.4 . mesemnaighther ní don uasal sin ara nemthenchus, O'Dav. 1220 (nemsenchas v.l.). is o cheol atá nemte[n]cus don fiallach airfitid , O'Mulc. 830 d , cf. 830 g . do geibtis neimthenchus no onoir ar gloine an ealadhan, Leb. Gab.(i) i 158 n. 4 , cf. 160 n. 2 . fer congmhala a neimthenachais iarna chóir d'urdaibh ┐ d'eccalsaibh, d'filedhaibh ┐ d'ollamnaibh `their termon-lands' (? privileges), AFM v 1438.16 . Of cattle: is o lacht ata nemtenc[h]us do cethra valuation , O'Mulc. 830 e .

Cf. also: is sochaide . . . co ndeimnigthur a neimtsenchaidh sidhe `many . . . attest his eminence' (of a sage or author), Laws i 22.27 Comm. (passage seems corrupt).