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1 acht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 acht or dil.ie/200
Last Revised: 2019

 

(freq. act in O. Ir. glosses). See GOI § 908 . Later ach.

I As prep. with accus. (see Ériu xvii 79 , ZCP xxv 237 , Ériu lx 137-42 )

(a) save, except (lit. outside, Thurn.): cách act tiamthe `every one save Timothy', Wb. 23d5 . bacc de echaib a.¤ serrchu, Laws ii 118.9 . a.¤ cuit naige fine, iv 194.26 . roslechtsat do Patric a.¤ cóicḟir all except five bowed to P., Trip.² 1652 . fiche a.¤ sé bliadna i.e. 14 years, LL 15069 . ar di-legad síl Dubthaig Daīl ... acht claind Moathaire 'for [all] the descendants of Dubthach the Beetle were destroyed ... except for the kindred of Mothaire', Aided Echach 96 §4 (g) (h) . di-legath síl Dubthig Dōeltengath and act cethra conchuiriu, Aided Echach 94 § 1​ . achd ré n-aithrighe d'fhagháil save that there was time for repentance, DDána 64.9 .

(b) More freq. after neg. vb. as in: act aní ropridchussa dúib (nothing) save gl. nihil . . . sapietis, Wb. 20b4 . nand asse díchenglad cor mbél . . . inge (acht, MS) nóe curu it is not proper to dissolve contracts . . . except for nine contracts . . . Ériu xvii 66 §§ 4 , 5 .

(c) Hence in sense of Engl. only, merely , etc. (cf. Fr. ne . . . que): ar ni arilsem-ni act dígail for we have deserved only punishment, Wb. 20d14 . ni bí nach dethiden foir act fognam do día his only care is to serve God, 10b9 . ni gessid . . . act búaid precepte, 26a34 . nicon chloor act for caínscél, 23b41 . connaccon bet a.¤ degnimai less so that he may have only good works, Ml. 129a9 . ní rádat som a.¤ bréic ┐ togaís they speak only lies and deceit, 31a18 . in tan nád techtat a.¤ oin aimsir `when they have only one time', Sg. 5a10 . nī fūar a ssēt a.¤ Maire `I have found not her like save Mary', Thes. ii 349.4 (Hy. v). a.¤ fo thri nico rotroisci M. `that M. never fasted but thrice', Mon. Tall. 157.5 (§ 72) muna bed a.¤ don dornsann ní himtecar la suidaib, Laws iv 158.5 . nach ístais biad . . . a.¤ biad Conchobair, IT i 75.15 . conna-ruc a.¤ oīnchois ūaim, Sc.M² 12 . ni boi arm la Hiruath . ... a.¤ bocṡlaitt moir, PH 850 (a.¤ bocslat mor, v.l., ZCP xiv 147.7 ). na déantar lámh dhearg a.¤let none but her be outlawed(?) Dán Dé ix 9 . nach fuil a.¤ talam ┐ luaith san cholainn daonna nothing but earth and ashes, TSh. 432 . gan a.¤ mac tíre 'na sesamh rena brollach only a wolf standing at her breast (instead of her own calf), BNnÉ 164 § 34 . Note also: dearna a láimhe a.¤ a lámh oile / clár do b'áilne snoidhe sain, DDána 32.22 , where a neg. is implied (see notes).

(d) With emphasising nammá, amáin: a.¤ comparit neutair nammá gl. non inuenitur nisi neutri generis, Sg. 41a8 . act seircc ndée tantum (= nammá) gl. non quaerit quae sua sunt, Wb. 12c2 . a.¤ nammá renders Lat. nisi forte, 9d21 , 12c32 . a.¤ éolas nammá, TBFr. 392 . ní thérna díb a.¤ oenchóicer namá, BDD² 1494 . teach . . . cen dorus . . . a.¤ seinistir ┐ forleas namá a house without any door but a window and skylight only, 81 . a.¤ dá angel amáin ní bátar and, LL 291a3 . ní bhí a.¤ an moladh amháin / ní don domhan a.¤ díoláimh `save praise alone', TD 31.8 . a.¤ trōcaire Dé amhāin, Fl. Earls 134.20 .

(e) So also with follg. mad (cf. acht má as conjunction infra): a.¤ mad a claind `unless it be her (own) children' (gl. docere autem mulieri non permitto), Wb. 28b13 . ni ruc . . . claind . . . a.¤ mad óeningin, IT i 130.14 . nád aithgainethar . . . a.¤ mad indred n-indligthech, Críth G. 564 . noco ria nech dib ar éc . . . a.¤ mad Essu ┐ Caleb, SR 4732 . a.¤ mad aenfer, Anecd. i 63 § 115 . indis dam firindi, riam nucha n-ebartais a.¤ mad guth ceart, Fen. 156.21 . ni bhíodh neach aga ghoire a.¤ madh na hoighe allaid `save only the deer', ZCP i 64 § 57 .

(f) Hence in adv. phrase a.¤ (mad) becc lit. except (but only) a little, hence almost: combo marb a.¤ bec until he was almost dead, LU 3290 ( SCC 8 ). a mboi de ór . . . oca a.¤ becc almost all the gold they had, PH 999 . fāsughudh C. . . . a.¤ becc `almost total devastation', RC xvii 384.23 (Tig.). corloiscit cella fer Midhi a.¤ mad becc, 389.7 .

II As conjunction

(a) In sense save only that, except that (folld. by nasalising rel. clause in O.Ir., see GOI § 503 ) (freq. with nammá): ro legsat canóin amal rundalégsam-ni a.¤ ronda-sáibset-som tantum `they have read the Scripture text as we have read it save only that they have perverted it', Ml. 24d24 . accobor la mmenmuin maid do imradud act nandléicci concupiscentia carnalis , Wb. 3d13 . Borg Emna ro tetha / a.¤ mairte a clocha `save that its stones remain', Fél. Prol. 194 . is bēlra dligthech concanat, a.¤ nat aithgnet cluasa dōine, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . a.¤ nach deachaidh tar muir Manann, riámh ní rosgabh rí ba fearr, Keat. ii 5755 . So also in the following (where rel. not marked): haue a.¤ ro noebad / do Dunlang `a grandson, save that he has been hallowed, of D.', Fél. April 11 . manid caindleóracht in tige as ail duit do chosnamh a.¤ namá bid mó bas loscud don tig oldás bas suillse don tegluch except that the house is more likely to catch fire than its inmates to get light, LU 9197 ( FB 92 ). conrotacht . . . a tech . . . fo chosmailius na Cráebrúadi . . . a.¤ nammá ro derscaigestar a tech so . . . do thigib inna hamsiri, 8046 ( FB 1 ). coro ṡollsigset in catraig na dluma derga . . . a.¤ ni loisctís nech nama without however burning anyone, LB 152b41 .

(b) With má, mani, cé (see Vendryes, Ériu xvi 21f. ). With má except if, unless: act ma chotchela gl. numquid Israhel non cognouit, Wb. 5a9 . act massu made in chretem rochretsid gl. nisi frustra credidistis, 13a34 . act mad melltach lassin fer `unless it be agreeable to the husband', 9d17 . act mad óentu dúib occa gl. ex consensu, 9d22 . tír Cannain . . . / nista . . . / a.¤ ma rannait . . . / for meic iar for n-adnacul unless your sons divide it SR 4735 . ní dligther fothud a thige do neoch . . . a.¤ ma ḟrisnasar a ḟlaith, Críth G. 79 . nocho chumcaid-si imchaisin Críst a.¤ ma blasti bás ar thús, Trip.² 1147 . ní talla a léni de a.¤ mad fria huaim `he may not take off his shirt except it be to stitch it', Ériu vii 140 . Note also: a.¤ má dothísad Arddrí secht nime dó ní reg-sa, Trip.² 1354 .

(c) With mani except if . . . not. So in some early exx., but later = a.¤ má or mani: a.¤ manidchomalnid a rropridchad dúib gl. nisi forte reprobi estis (you show that God is in you except you fulfil not what has been preached to you, Wb. 18b7 . ni ba messi dogena a.¤ manimléicther ind it is not I who will do it unless I am not allowed in i.e. provided I am not forbidden to enter, RC xxv 26.9 . noco mberthar uaimse ait na halma ass (leg. a.¤ Vendryes, loc. cit.) manip aúrderg limsa, LU 5029 (TBC) unless I do not consider them visible i.e. worthy of being seen (Vendryes). a.¤ minab edrud ┐ grian, `provided it be not between thee and the sun', Ériu viii 122.28 . In follg. exx. = a.¤ má, a.¤ mani: ni segar baithis acht menip dóig bes marb in gein unless the child seems likely to die, Ériu ii 208 § 32 . fotdáilfind i n-ilpartib . . . a.¤ manibad F. were it not for F. LU 5673 (TBC). ?is mesi . . . dliges a caurathmir a.¤ mani brister anfír form unless I am treated unfairly, LU 8986 ( FB 74 ). ni raga ass . . . a.¤ manit ainge ben unless a woman protect you, 3352 ( SCC 14 ). ní maith duit imthecht t'oenur a.¤ mani[d] dáil fir no thēig, Fing. R. 91 . acht mana maidi in talam found unless the ground breaks under us, TBC-I¹ 3577 = mono thaeth (muna maidhi, muna maoighthfe v.ll.), TBC-LL¹ 5975 . ni ra cotail C. risin re sin, a.¤ mani chotlad fithisin ṁbic . . . C. did not sleep during that time except for a little while, 2473 = a.¤ mad mani chotlad, LU 6338 . nach fer gentor a.¤ mona bentar a cend de unless his head is cut off, RC xii 88 § 99 . a.¤ mana bera lat in topur so `unless you take away this well', Lism. L. 4669 . a.¤ muna faghbam ní dar cobair orra sin ní bia duine a mbethaid unless we can find something to protect us from them there will not be a person alive, Acall. 6174 . ní dénann urchóitt do neach acht mona derna nech urcóit di, Maund. 33 . nad ḟetar-sa . . . act manip íat in Galían, CRR 11 . a.¤ munab í M. th' iarraidh, Eachtra Uill. 4300 .

(d) With cia even though, even if: act ci nip lour `even though it be not sufficient', Wb. 11d15 . nach facamur riamh roimhi, / a.¤ gér cian ar comnoide though long has been our sojourn, Ériu iv 114.32 . tu easbal dob annsa leis /. . ./ a.¤ ger ionmhuin gach easbal, Dán Dé i 9 . ba menmarc leis co mberadh buaidh a.¤ ge bhadar ced fan fer `he wished to defeat them even though they were a hundred to one', Stair Erc. 1471 . acht gidh mór do maith doronuis co ró-so, ZCP vi 67.8 . for imegla a bhāssaigthe a.¤ ge ro baoi i n-a Pāpa, Fl. Earls 206.20 . a.¤ gér laoch mear even though he was a swift warrior, LBranach 7210 . Samson, a.¤ gér chalma a neart, Éigse iv 188.71 .

(e) In conditional sense if only, provided that (folld. in O. Ir. by perfective subj. except where an impossible condition is implied, see GOI § 904 ): bíth and beos acht ropo i tuil dée `let him still abide therein provided it be in God's will', Wb. 10a25 . act ní arbarat biuth inna túari provided they eat not the foods, 10c1 . bid maith mo menmese act rocloor for cáinscéilsi `my mind will be glad provided I hear good news of you', 23d2 . atá comeisseírge act rocretem oipred dæ, 27a15 . ni imned lim act rop Crist pridches, 23b24 . buí cara damsa isin tírsea . . . a.¤ rofeasmais conair dá thig if only we knew the way to his house, BDD² 262 . a.¤ rop coir ní gellas, Críth G. 505 . a.¤ ropom airdric-se (ropa airdercsa LU), maith lim cen co bend buan acht oenlaa, TBC-I¹ 571 . ata lasna tuati beith lór dóib do ascnam nime acht doratat ní dona hanmchairtib (sic leg.) `the lay folk deem it enough to win a place in heaven if only they have given something to their confessors', Mon. Tall. 141.16 (§ 35) . doémat na trī sailm-sea . . . acht rogabthar gach dīa, ZCP iii 30.23 . With non-perfective vb.: a.¤ ni bed úall and `if only there were no pride in it', Wb. 10b27 . nico mórbrig laisim and a.¤ ní cometestar dond accobar `he counts it no great matter provided there be no yielding to desire', Mon. Tall. 152.7 (§ 63) . a.¤ com-messind-se mo maccu nī diṅgentais do chride chrád if only I were able to control my sons, Fing. R. 498 . Note also: noco nindligthech do gin co tuca abad acht techtugad do breith `provided that he has brought the means of taking possession', Laws iv 4.15 .

(f) Similarly with follg. co n-: ríge láech nErend . . . dait . . . a.¤ co nderna mo chomarlisea provided thou do, LU 8114 ( FB 8 ). a.¤ cor damthar fír fer dam ol sé atbér, 9213 (94) . a.¤ co rabat glinni mo diṅgbála ria provided there are sureties to satisfy me, MU² 64 . a.¤ co nde[r]nat maith / flaith uaidib co bráth, Trip.² 1798 . cretfemit do Christ a.¤ co ro-fhindamm a nert, PH 345 . nis-fil do plāig . . . for bith nachus-bera sin for cūlu, a.¤ corup léir guidter Dia occai, RC xii 430 § 21 . With non-perfective vb.: asbert . . . nod lemad a mbrethugud a.¤ co ndaimtis nammá fora breith, LU 9012 ( FB 76 ). dá fessed a.¤ combad fer ulcach nod ngonad no mairfedsom he ind (mixed constr.) 6110 (TBC). cuma a dteasda uan dom aois / gan suan feasda a.¤ go bhféadmaois, Dán Dé xvii 5 . a cōir féine a.¤ go bhfagha / ni dóigh Éire i n-aontamha, TD 24.1 . Hence as soon as: act arroilgither ind epistilse dúibsi berthir úaib Laudocensibus gl. et cum lecta fuerit apud vos aepistola [haec] facite ut et in L. aeclesia legatur, Wb. 27d13 . aiggelat sa hé a.¤ co roisc int oirned as soon as the ordination is ended, RC xlii 134 § 9 . acht co ndernair hoc rechtair romhat dochum an prainntighe, RC xxvi 374.1 . With non-perfective vb.: ragat a.¤ co fiasur in n-airm atá I will go as soon as I know where he is, LU 3373 ( SCC 17 ). bérthar cainnli duit acht co tumthar, Lism. L. 1996 .

(g) In adversative sense but: énirt a cocubussom . . . act nosnerta in sonirt, Wb. 10c3 . coir irnigde tra inso act ní chumcamni, 4a27 . robatar leosom eter desciplu . . . act dorigénsat in descipuil dechor etarru, 7d10 . cenél Maicc Ercae as tressam . . . a.¤ nochon follamnaiget amal ardrígu, Trip.² 1064 . lánsíth i nHérinn . . . a.¤ buí imneissi chatha iter dá Chorpre, BDD² 230 .

(h) Often introducing a positive clause oppd. to a preceding neg. one or vice versa: ni imdibe dualche . . . act is imdibe colno, Wb. 21b11 . conibé eter in peccato act co beid in pænitentia , 9b2 . ní bo ar seirc móidme act conrobad torbe dúibsi triit, 17a13 . ní dron act is diuit et is glé, 17b4 . ni ar Abracham . . . a.¤ is diar foirbthetuni, 2d2 . ni delb ad-rorsat act is cosmulius delbe, 1b19 . ba torad saithir dúun . . . act ní bad nertad na mbraithre, 10c21 . is hé láech is áildem . . . a.¤ níba s[h]uthain, TBFr. 5 . ni hainfis a.¤ día necar doniam indnos it is not in ignorance, but to set them forth that we proceed in this way, Mon. Tall. 154.27 (§ 66) . co rrabe . . . cen dig cen biad, a.¤ 'co immorchor ón taíb co araile, Sc.M² 3 . In sense at all events, however: mór di ḟertaib . . . doróne . . . acht aisnédfimne úaiti do ilib díb, Trip.² 110 . nī himda persa . . . is fessach crēd . . . in bāss geipit, acht nī thernoighit tar aiss amach go bráth, Fl. Earls 70.31 . Note also: munup do saighe selbha a.¤ for ecin `unless he seizes land by force only', Laws iv 26.16 Comm. nídnanaid a crothad nach a flescad a.¤ a nidi `it is no protection to shake or beat it, but only to wash it', Mon. Tall. 155.2 (67) . ná dearbh as a.¤ go hairech, Content. vi 27 .

(i) On cases where the prec. neg. sentence contains a word meaning only: ni hed a méit nonchretidsi act fodaimid fochidi airi `not only do ye believe it but ye endure sufferings therefor', Wb. 23c7 . nípat hé . . . nammá beite isind inducbáil sin a.¤ bieit cit geinti, 4c40 . nirbo chuit eperte tantum act robatar cid ferte dia imthrenugud, 24c5 . ni namá na duile aicside do chumscugud . . . a.¤ ro-chumscaigit gráda nime, PH 152 .

(j) In the idiom a.¤ ní . . . ní not only not . . . but not (cf. sech): a.¤ ní ructaisseom airesom ní rucadsom foraibsom not only could they not get away from him but he could not catch up with them, BDD² 300 and note. a.¤ nis leicim nis étaim, TBC-LL¹ 2334 (= sech LU). a.¤ ni trebad ni coimge, Metr. Dinds. iv 332.36 . a.¤ ni gonab-sa ni gonfa-sa mo moindter-sa, Ériu v 32.23 . a.¤ ní mó a cách ní lugu `not only is it not increasing but it is not less', Otia ii 81.2 . In positive constr.: acht ba dimdach ba debthach, SR 5688 . atbert in drui: a.¤ saerfaithir do mathair doberthar duit na bú as well as freeing your mother the cows will be given to you, IT i 40.x . Note also: a.¤ ní buaid a denam imbáruch is mó is dimbúaid a denam innocht, TBC-LL¹ 1866 .

(k) With cia: cindas rainnfither in mucc . . . cīa indas . . . a.¤ a-rann ar chomramaib in what other way, Sc.M² § 6 . cid, ol si, acht maillechut-sa tú co sír, PH 8262 . Introducing a phrase: cid fil ann didiu (sic leg.) a.¤ amal itcualae, PH 834 . cid fil ann immorro acht ni dechaidh aonnech ina ndocum, Stair Erc. 449 . Note also: aní ná roich lám, cid a.¤, / is écen dam a dúthracht, LU 3935 (`yet' SCC § 44 ).

(l) As quasi-conjunction in idioms with cen (gan): gan é a.¤ i naois ōiglenaib `seeing he was but of young child's age', O'Gr. Cat. 381.13 . gan lios . . . a.¤ lán do dhoire dharach, TD 28.7 . gan duine a.¤ ag dol ar séad, Dán Dé ix 34 . gan duine . . . do dol faoi . . . acht le custam do dhīol `that no one should go under it without paying custom', Fl. Earls 90.4 . brugh. loch. Lugh inand ghabhaid a.¤ gan illradh ag Lugh, IGT Decl. p. 81 § 29 . Note also: ní fuil mac Gaoidhil ná Goill / a.¤ lán dá éanghrádh uile, TD 17.57 . ní bhí leó a urdail a.¤ d'ór /. . ./ cinn a bhfagha suaine a sleagh / nó truaille tana dtroigheadh `they have not so much as the heads of their javelins . . . but is gold', 9.29 .

In introductory phrases: a.¤ chena is alaind cech nderg, LU 3914 ( SCC 43 ). gabhuis Columcille in salm . . . acht cena ni rolegh-som acht aibghiter namá cosin, Lism. L. 823 . a.¤ nammá atáa mí nád n-imthet rí a.¤ cethrur however there is a month when a king goes about accompanied by four only, Críth G. 535 . acht atá ní chena, bar F., is fiach fola ┐ feola dó-som é, TBC-LL¹ 2989 . See also cena. cid (trá) a.¤, cid fil and (trá) a.¤ etc., see trá II(b). a.¤ (mad) énní however, nevertheless, at all events: achtmadh enní, do marbhadh ceithre fir décc [dibh], AFM v 1328.4 . acht aenni, do bitis debtha dermara eturro, Ann. Conn. 1315.4 . acht aen ni . . . bemitt ar aenconair, 1315.8 .

III As subst. ise cuit in achta ann this is the function of the word `acht' in that passage, O'D. 745 (H 3.17 col. 541) (possibly to be referred to 2 acht).

ad-anaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-anaig or dil.ie/294

 

Forms: atnagar, -adhnas, nommadnaiss, adnastar, adanastais, atomanaste, adnasta, adnocht, adnacht, adranact, adranacht, adnacht, adnacht, roadnachta, adnaicid, adlaicid, annlaicid, adnachte, adnacul

v ( ad-anag-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 456 ). Forms: Indic. pres. pass. sg. atnagar (influenced by vn., Ped. loc. cit.), LU 10472 . Subj. pres. 1 s. -adhnas, RC x 82.22 . 2 s. nommadnaiss, Trip.² 922 . Pass. sg. adnastar, 2991 . Subj. impf. 3 pl. co adanastais , Ml. 100c23 . Pass. s. atomanaste, Wb. 14c20 . no adnasta , Trip.² 2987 . Perf. 3 s. ro adnocht , RC xxiv 182.12 . Pret. pass. sg. adnacht, MacCarthy 150.11 . Perf. adranact, Thes. ii 242.10 (Ardm.). adranacht .i. ro adnacht , ACC § 113 ( RC xx 280 ). ro adnacht , Trip.² 2994 . Pass. pl. roadnachta, Rawl. 79a3 .

Later as simple vb. adnaicid, adlaicid, annlaicid.

Part. adnachte, Sg. 20a4 .

Vn. adnacul.

(a) escorts, conveys, brings: atomanaste gl. uolui . . . deduci, Wb. 14c20 . atnagar Emer hisin Craebrúaid co Concobur E. is escorted into the C., LU 10472 .

(b) buries, entombs: co adanastais gl. ut mandarentur terrae, Ml. 100c23 . atbath som ┐ adranacht hi firt, O'Curry 779 (H 3.18 p. 365b). ar ecnairc a adnacail atranacht i cloich, Ériu i 122.31 . adradnacht cend Conchobuir / for a cholaind i Machi, LU 11060 . acht corom adnaicthi i mmullach T. provided I be buried on top of T., Trip.² 802 . corus adnaic hi talmain Uisneich, Dinds. 7 ( RC xv 297 ). roadnaicset a marbv, TTr.² 1258 . ro-cuindig . . . airm i n-adnaicfidea where she should be buried, Dinds. 18 ( RC xv 311 ). ro-m-uc lais cus-in ádnocul in ro-ádnaicius hé, PH 3735 . fuair bás obann . . . ┐ do hadhnaiceadh i n-ifreann, TSh. 563 . dohadlaiced co honorach hi (i.e. in choland) ┐ dohadnaiced imorro . . . in cend, ZCP xiv 150.14 . adhlaicthear thú . . ./ i n-uaigh chumhaing, Dán Dé iii 26 . gach nech adhlaicfithir am reigleis, BNnÉ 111 § 52 . airi sin nach andlaiccear a nD. . . . caillech, ZCP v 22 § 8 . adēr rib dā n-andlaicther / in cāech a nDruim na n-aingel / iffernd don lucht aindleōchas, § 9. an eclus inar handluicedh Martain, BCC § 255 .

1 adraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 adraid or dil.ie/537

 

Forms: ad-or, -adraimse, adras, -adrat, adorthar, adordais, adram, adrat, adhar, -roadrae, -adraither, adrorad, adrodar, -radrāb, ad-n-orfa, -adrafa, -aderthar, [a]draibther, atror, adrorsat, roaidraiset

v (Lat. adorare, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 450 . GOI p. 576 . Vendryes, Études Celt. viii 311-4 . Marstrander, Lochlann ii 205 .). In O. Ir. generally as a compd. vb. ad-or, with short ŏ, but sometimes also as a simplex. Indic. pres. 1 s. -adraimse, Ml. 132c1 . ? Cf. atnora .i. adhrad, O'Dav. 10 (cf. 1612 ) = ecnaidh cach adnora ughdair aon reir, O'Curry 1606 ( 23 Q 6, 5a ) = ada nora, O'D. 535 ( H 3.17, 432 ) rel. 3 s. adras, Wb. 9c33 . 3 pl. -adrat, Ériu iii 98 § 18 . Pass. sg. adorthar, Fél. Nov. 23 . Indic. impf. 3 pl. adordais, Ml. 36d16 . Ipv. 1 pl. adram, SR 1585 . 3 pl. adrat, Wb. 6d7 . Subj. pres. 1 s. condar adhar , Gael. 50 , 123 ( Blathm. 56 ). 2 s. -roadrae, Trip.² 457 . Pass. sg. -adraither, Rawl. 125b23 . Subj. impf. 3 s. adrorad (sic leg. Ped. adrodar, MS), Ml. 14b4 . Fut. 1 s. -radrāb (: dán), Ériu xvi 164 § 36 . 3 s. ad-n-orfa, Ml. 81d6 . -adrafa, Rawl. 125b22 . Pass. -aderthar (adrabthar, [a]draibther v.l.), RC xxvi 38.3 . pret. 3 s. atror, Ml. 69d3 . 3 pl. adrorsat, Wb. 1b19 . roaidraiset, Trip.² 1016 . Vn. 1 adrad. IGT Vbs. § 45 .

Adores, worships . Folld. by accus.: adrat Dia, Wb. 6d7 . in doini adordais inna idlu, Ml. 36d16 . tūatha adortais síde / ní creitset in fírdeacht, Thes. ii 317.4 (Hy. ii). it hé side ro aidraiset in n-ídal, Trip.² 1016 . si dea tened adraim-se, 584 . ro ráidseom na aidérad clocha ná crunnu acht no adérad intí dosroni, LU 4046 . cia dosruirmend nis adrand, LL 1257 . adraid ainm ind Ríg, 1258 . bid sochaidi do rígaib . . . aidheorus he, Lat. Lives 101.11 . no-adraddis airm ó dáinib isin ré-sin, RC xii 106 § 162 . tearc . . . ní ar talmhain nar adhair é, DDána 17.10 .

Also with prep. DI. In this use prob. influenced by 2 adraid, q.v. In mid. Ir. the two verbs overlap considerably in meaning (see also LEIA s.v. adr- ): in duine adras don dédiu sin `the man that worships these two things', Wb. 9c33 (2 adraid?). dothung mo deo da n-adraim, TBC-LL¹ 143 . don Dia dian-adrann Abrám, SR 3308 . trí nert ind Ríg dia n-adrad, LL 537 co ru-édrur dot deeb-siu, PH 1346 . nī adra do hīdlachtaib, ACL iii 312 § 3 . iodhbartha do dhéanamh don airddia da n-adhradaois, Keat. ii 3827 . is fāid gūach in t-Iosa dia n-adharthai, Marco P. 8 . roadhair do Macametus, 18 .

áer

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áer or dil.ie/633
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: áir, aor, haire, æra, áera, aír, áer

n ā, f. n s. áir, Wb. 16a24 . aor, Corm. Y 606 . g s. na haire , Laws iii 92.15 . æra (: Oeda), Anecd. i 4.1 . a p. áera, Fél. Nov. 8 . aír f., IGT Decl. § 115 . áer m., § 96 .

(a) cutting, incising: in air a primroit . . . in air a forroit, Laws iii 306.16 Comm. = i n-aeradh a prím-róit, O'D. 2017 ( Eg. 90 f. 15(16)d ).

(b) act of satirising, lampooning, defaming; (maledictory) satire, lampoon (for meanings (a) and (b) cf. rindad. On the procedure in general see Jn. Celt. Stud. i 199 ff. ). iss ed lóg [a] enech dia aír, Críth G. 25 . atait secht cinela aire la Feine as a miditer dire, Laws v 228.25 . áer .i. ata v cenela aire, O'Curry 807 ( H 3.18, p. 373b ). lan neineclainne du cach duine . . . ina lanair, ┐ . . . da manchaibh . . . ina lanair na heclaisi bunaidh, O'D. 2310 ( Rawl. B 506 fo. 31b ). ba-sa maith frim aír / basa ferr fri molad, LU 9337 . dede nad carann duine / a aor ┐ a ghuidhe, ZCP vii 298.6 . [taisic a] dhat dia aoir antair aighidh [gach air]gid act go nguaire glantair, Ériu xiii 13.5 `[it] recovers its colour if it be blemished by satire / the face of every silver provided it be polished with a bristle', Watkins, Ériu xix 117. 18-19 . ata eolus iongnadh lasna filedhoibh .i. áor go ndath molta ┐ moladh go ndath áoire, xiii 14.18 . cis lir fodla aire . . . tri .i. aisnes ┐ ail ┐ aircetal, BB 299a6 ( Jn. Celt. Stud. i 201 ). doniad son . . . tri haera disi co ro facaibsit tri bolga for a gruaidib, RC xxiv 278 § 15 . no fhasad ainim don air in tan sin, LB 238d marg. inf. abcan ... / ... / docer la hOengus cen ail / i n-áir Midir morglonnaig because he satirised M., LL 1371 . de gaaib áire ┐ écnaig ┐ imdergtha, TBC-LL¹ 3023 . is móo ba óer oldás ba molad do Patraic amal nochanad, Trip.² 2916 . ní ticc dia ēissi bu duilge āer no molad, MacCongl. 9.5 . díoth don mholadh, olc don aoir / bás Aonghusa mheic Amhlaoibh, DDána 73.19 . file ré haoir nó ré hadhmholadh do dhéanamh, Keat. ii 5335 . ní breis aoire ná oile / acht breis uaisle is ionmhaine, Ó Bruad. ii 238.7 . Múscruidhe gan aoir `the M. without reproach', Keat. ii 4171 .

On the use of satire as a legal weapon to enforce claims and demands, just and unjust, see Críth G. p. 69 ; V. SS. Hib. pp. cii-ciii . Note also the follg. passages: cid fodera breth do breith a deda dun filid? . . . is e doni a molad dligteach do gach grad ┐ is e taidbeas a seodu eigni doib amuig i fail tincaidter renda aer ┐ na tincaiter renda airm , Laws v 12.21 Comm. iar napad dleghar an áir do denom don tí na tabair fecht feile don fili, O'Curry 370 ( H 3.18, p. 207 ). ni dlegar aír do denumh um foichligi sétt, O'Curry 371 ( H 3.18, p. 207 ). in file . . . do ni air indligthech, Laws i 58.18 Comm. dia fhélltair form' fiachaib filid dia n-air ┐ glaim n-dicind . . . minamtísat mo fhéich, MacCongl. 45.z . fuabrais troscud fa chétōir for Brēnaind .i. glámadh digcenn ┐ aera do dhēnum dó, ACL iii 4.31 . fáitte M. na drúith ┐ na glámma . . . ar con derntáis téor[a] ǽra fossaigthe dó, TBC-LL¹ 3018 . fiarfaigis . . . cia díre doberar i n-ainmedh ┐ i n-aoír a chionta, Ériu xiii 46.17 . áora ní díghaltas damh / fírolcas Áodha an t-adhbar, IGT Decl. ex. 1847 . grísadh a ghrúadh cáomh crithreach / manúar dob áor aindlightheach, ex. 1720 .

As n.pr. Aer ┐ Aithis, Anecd. ii 63.1 .

? aiblis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? aiblis or dil.ie/742

 

n [gnid] (gunt v.l., BB 204b3 ) cathraigh airm a.¤ / d'iar ba ainm Pictabis, Todd Nenn. 132.43 . (`with their many weapons'). On the margin of BB translated `glittering arms ' as if connected with 2 oíbell.

aidlenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidlenn or dil.ie/886

 

Forms: faidhlenn, aidhlenn, aidle

n [ā, f.] . faidhlenn, aidhlenn (-gh- v.l.) f. IGT Decl. § 12 . Perh. orig. aidle, g s. -enn, Zimmer, KZ xxx 101 ff. See also Vendr. Lex.

Hook or rack for holding weapons (esp. the `sleg' or 'gae`): roir dam . . . x faidlenda (.i. alcainge co n-imdenum) fo a ngaiscedhuibh, Ériu ii 5.5 . cuna fargaib sleg ar aidlind ná sciath ar berraidi ná claideb ar alchaing i Temair, MU² 495 . ra coraigit / . . . a slega fora n-adlennaib, LL 12965 . co torchratar na gascid dia n-adlennaib, 13777 . gan tocbail airm da aidlind, Irish Texts ii 8.16 . a bheith aonaidhche ar aidhlinn (of a sword), TD 19.8 . ga tuagh is uaisle aidhleann? IGT Decl. ex. 1094 . bráon fola úadh ar aidhlinn / fogha glainṡlim rúadh Raghnuill, ex. 532 . Extended use: gur tuittetar tiagha liubhar Erenn . . . da n-aidhlennaibh so that the satchels of the books of Ireland fell from their racks, Mart. Don. 234.5 . ro fuirmistar ar glan aiglind sceith `boss', MR 234.3 . i cluasaidlind (sic leg.) cathbairr (some projecting part of the helmet covering the ear), MR 298.22 . nach taighlim na trí ceardcha / do shní fhaighlinn mh'aigeanta `wears away the armoury of my mind', Ir. Review 1913, 594 § 4 . Fig. of warriors: a.¤ gaiscid na fiannaigachta hero, Laud 610, 141a2 (Plummer MS. notes). imscarad da a.¤ aíg na Asia, LL 243b26 ( TTr. 1997 ). taoiseach treabh aidhleann airdgliadh, Ó Bruad. iii 54.2 . ropsat aidlenna aimdesa urscailti ar n-athchuma a n-anrad (of wounded warriors), MR 236.15 . scaradh rinn don aidhlinn úir (of a woman), Ó Bruad. iii 226.5 . dá gcuiread tu ar faghloinn féin / madh maol gearr, glacfair oilbhéim (to an old cloak), Hackett lvi 9 . co tracht-aidlennaib bar traiged (of the heel of the foot?), MR 176.z . a.¤ gualann top of the shoulder: co ránic aidlend a gualand, LL 8222 . fri aidleind a gualand, 8449 . fri eglend a da gualann, IT i 271.35 . as haighleannaibh iomdhoimhne . . . na n-oirear (of creeks or inlets), ML 44.27 .

aigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aigid or dil.ie/933
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: -ebla-, ro-da-acht, acta, egar, ægtair, eigid, áin, aige, aiged

v ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 451 ). Fut. stem -ebla-, see GOI p. 403 . t-pret. ro-da-acht, LL 201a37 . (See ZCP xxviii 11 ). Pass. pl. acta, ZCP iii 46.2 . The follg. forms may be influenced by saigid: indic. pres. pass. sg. egar, Laws ii 128.1 Comm. pl. ægtair, LL 11455 . ?3 pl. act. ni eigid (for -agat, Thurn. but context seems to require 3 s.), ZCP xiii 264.4 and note. Conjunct forms in this vb. could also belong to ad-aig which has no prototonic formations. See also Language xvi 209 .

Vn. áin, aige, aiged.

(a) drives, impels: ēiti agathar (agatair, LU) . . . cichi aig, TBC-I¹ 1081 . scéo damaib ágat scéo mnaib berat, LU 5468 = agad, TBC-I¹ 992 . mná bertair bae ægtair, TBC-LL¹ 4722 . is cú airgdech aiges / is carptech glan geibes, 3328 . cid dás in ríg nad aig eochu as a tír, SG 411.6 . dia n-acht na hercca Iuchba, ZCP iii 41.24 . athgabail egar tar crich, airm in agar . . ., Laws ii 128.1 Comm. aig brot for in n-echraid ┐ sneid slaitt forru ply a goad, LL 12742 . acta fri alla argait `they were driven against . . .', ZCP iii 46.2 . a mu Buach / aiges in tond frisin mbruach, Anecd. i 12.19 . aigthi (atchi v.l) in cath for feraib Muman he gains a battle over the M., RC xxiv 184.9 . cuirther cath / bha chossaib aráile / ebhlatt ar réim, TBC-LL¹ 5747 = eblait a réim, 5842 . cia doneidis cronan coir / ni eigid doib a fiachu it does not drive in their debts to them (of old men), ZCP xiii 264.4 (see above under forms). uig in gabair n-uidir `drive the dun horse', RC ix 466.21 (but see uic) ? With cogn. acc. ilmuine ana aiges, Laws ii 72.8 .

(b) celebrates (games, rites etc.): is ē eblas in aige `it is he who shall celebrate the celebration', Ériu xvi 147.3 . cluche . . . aigdit fri fín n-imborbag, Imr. Brain § 41 . agar Tailltin gin cairpi (imthiagor . . . chairpte, v.l.) let T. be held, ZCP xiii 278.22. is céte óenaig agair, Metr. Dinds. iii 270.9 . agait grafaind they hold a horse-race, Anecd. i 54.28 . agtair cluicheda ┐ ferthair graifni ind oenaig, LL 274a12 . agat clesamnaig perform, LU 3242 ( SCC § 3 ); cf. aghaid .i. áonaighid no bíd go subhach, O'Cl. Of funeral rites: rocuindig . . . airm i n-adnaicfidea co n-agtais a hāenach, Dinds. 18 ( RC xv 311 ). cladar a ḟert ┐ sāitir a liaa . . . ┐ aghair a gubae, TBC-I¹ 1231 . roacht a guba ┐ a nasadh la Lug, BB 403a35 . līnfaid caumu (= cuma grief ?) chridi a rigna, tuidicfaid eblaid a samgubae, TBC-I¹ 3450 . ro hagad a ceapog ┐ a cluíchi caenteach ┐ ro-saigidh a lía, BB 259a38 .

(c) raises (a cry etc.): ar écnairc ind rígsa / frisnagar an núallsa, Fél. Ep. 406 . ard a nuall / aiges im Choire da Ruad, Anecd. i 12.25 . ro acht in cloch a torand oc teacht suas, YBL 121b24 .

(d) prosecutes, performs; sets going: roacht marbad in L. `L.'s murder was brought about', ZCP iii 2 § 1 . na da err eblait ēcht ar ēcht who will perform exploit on exploit, Sc.M² § 15 . Cú na cerda boí hi cacht chró / ed rosnacht oc sár-gubo `this it was that set them wailing', Metr. Dinds. iv 220.6 . d'aigh . . . aca nincrechad began to rebuke them, SG 30.15 . ba hóglaochrad . . . achtatar an chomairli sin .i. aisic a chreiche . . . do M. who urged that advice, Anecd. ii 73.1 . cachain in druí détla / cétla imda oraib / sund in cach amm agair `as it is told here at all times', Metr. Dinds. iv 214.51 . pleads (at law): æ aiges, æ mides `ae that sues', Auraic. 408 . Note also: aigh .i. iaraigh, Stowe Gl. 217 . aid .i. iarraid, Lec. Gl. 416 .

(e) a.¤ imm gathers around, surrounds: agait mór a maccáin / imm Ultan . . ., Fél. Sept. 4 . cenmotha dano in gilla urdairc imma n-agat fir Herend .i. Cuchullain, Ériu iv 28 § 20 . coica sémech immi agtait, LL 4980 .

(f) spends time: d'aig innti an aidchi sin, SG 30.33 .

(g) In phrase aig taig see 1 taig.

4 ailid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 ailid or dil.ie/1019

 

v (cf. 1 ail): airm in' rohailed a úag `was built ', Metr. Dinds. iv 176.13 . in cnoc in rohailed úag, 190.53 .

ainichtach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainichtach or dil.ie/1389

 

adj (ainicht) cruel, merciless: don éadtrócaireach ainiochtach, TSh. 4947 . ó'n annbhflaitheas a.¤ sin, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 177.25 . fodhmoir . . . a.¤ , Stair Erc. 238 . As adv. rodhingsead a n-airm . . . go haíniochtach, ML 134.4 .

airbert(n)ugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airbert(n)ugud or dil.ie/1629

 

vn. of airbertnaigid: iar n-a.¤ n-airm (crotadh v.l.) shaking , Alex. 25 . With cath giving battle(?): ba fri luad síd ┐ córa . . . ┐ ni fri hairbertnugud catha, Alex. 762 (ba hoc airbertach cora ní bu og airbertach catha budesin v.l.). oc airbertugud in chathaigthi, 721 (oc tairbert, v.l.). Note also: dosfecait leomain . . . oc airbertnugud na slóg ┐ for díchlannad in catha, Alex. 734 (oc airbertugh (sic) in catha ┐ for dithugud in sluaigh v.l.). feghe ┐ feallsamhnacht ┐ airbertugad miled military prowess , 488b20 (Alex.).

airis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airis or dil.ie/2127
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: aires, aires, irisse, irse, oires, -is, -esa

n Also aires. Form and inflection uncertain. Most forms indicate compd. of air- and 1 fis, whence u and o, m. But n s. aires, LU 6146 and g s. irisse, ZCP iii 243 § 46 , irse, Mon. Tall. 153.23 (§ 66) suggest a fem. ā-stem (which does not occur in meaning (a) below). No doubt two different words have fallen together in meaning (b). Identical with ires(s), Marstrander, Lochlann ii 210 . See LEIA oires (ó dhá chéill) m. (g s. and n p. -is, -esa), IGT Decl. § 38 .

(a) (fore-)knowledge: ro léicsem slóg forru cen airḟius unawares, LU 4784 (TBC). ná tístáis námhait fair cen airius inna chatraig, TTr.² 201 . co mbadar issind arucol . . . cen ḟis cen airḟis, Anecd. i 3.7 ( SCano 50 ). a tabairt do snadud as tualaing a turtaigthi mad cenairis snaite, Laws i 92.3 .i. mad cin fis faesma, 98.14 Comm. athgabail fir tairirid cen a.¤ fecheman toich, 194.21 .i. na fitir athgabail do gabail, 196.16 Comm. Perh. vn. of ar-finnathar.

(b) tryst, assignation, arrangement to meet: doboi iriss (.i. comdal) laiss do Galluib. Luid docum a irisse do Gallaib, ZCP iii 243 § 46 = iress, iresse, Comp. CC 39-40 . foceirtt lamae fair . . . commaranic caradrad irse `intercourse by tryst', Mon. Tall. 156.23 (§ 66) . asbert frie airm iressa `to arrange a place of meeting', Imr. Brain 42.10 . do rinne oiris . . . fa loing do tabairt i n-a aircis co Cend Traga, Celt. Rev. iv 16.16 . ? do N. na ḟir énoiris, IGT Decl. ex. 1031 . i n-a.¤ (with vb. of motion) to meet: tancatar . . . i n-herus C. (i noires v.l.) . . . is aire con deochatar sin i comdail C., TBC-LL¹ 1426 . tocht i n-herus inalta Feidilmthi, 556 . tánaic ind aires aodha uí D. gus an maighin sin came to meet O' D., AFM iv 1928.6 . In phr. a.¤ dála: i n-airius dála, SCano 309 . dogén airius dála frib, PH 3008 . in tan ticfad i n-a.¤ dála di[a] acallaim si. ar baí aires (.i. comdal) dála dissi ara barach fri C., LU 6146 (TBC). ar ní fuarsa co sse ingin follongad i n-airius dala imacallaim fón samail se frim who could hold her own with me in conversation at a tryst in this way, 10317 . tic in t-oclach a cind blíadne i n-a.¤ [a] dala, IT iii 194 § 29 . a.¤ catha meeting in battle, time of joining battle: airisin (for a.¤ in) catha .i. coinne chatha, O'Cl. o tanaic tra a.¤ an cathai moir, RC xii 96 § 127 . lotar do oiris an catha, § 129. co raibe tri la . . . and a noires chath[a] `awaiting battle', xviii 279.2 (Tig.). do thinoilsed Conmaicne ┐ Húi Briuin . . . a n-oiris catha do Thairrdelbach `to give battle to T.', 45.21 (Tig.). ised ro cinnset, anadh i n-a.¤ catha dóibh `to wait and meet them in battle', CCath. 132 . imat na slog dodec[h]atar i n-aires catha dó, 3042 . inn airius in morcatha, 4659

Of the person trysted with: dorala tria gabhra ar iris sainrethach d'fiachoibh ogo . . . ua foilid a iris ┐ a feichemh riamh a special friend owed him three horses . . . his friend and debtor welcomed him, Aisl. Tond. 93 § 2 = tarrla fiacha aige ar cumpanach airide dhó, 120 . In laudatory sense: flaith go roimheas 'gar ghnáth geall / oirios do chách go coitchenn, L. Cl. A. B. 140.32 . Cf. eiris.

Compd. do-rinnedar imram . . . an-athlam oiris-beg expeditious, ML² 658 .

airlechas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airlechas or dil.ie/2191

 

ind = 2 airlech: airm óirleachais, Ó Bruad. iii 86.6 .

airlímaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airlímaid or dil.ie/2216

 

v (límaid) files, polishes: airm i n-airlímthar do déta, MacCongl. 77.2 .

airm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airm or dil.ie/2231

 

Forms: armand

n f. n p. armand, LU 11056 . place: is sruith ind a.¤ indid epiur, Wb. 4b26 . isind airmm gl. ubi, 4d2 . hu a.¤ gl. e rigione, Ml. 119a8 . a.¤ cussu rucad i slait / is í tuc ainm dond Eoraip, LL 16354 . rancatar co a.¤ i mboí F., LU 3350 ( SCC 14 ). acht co fíasur in n-a.¤ atá, 3373 (ib. 16). dia cloisir do guth cosin a.¤ seo, Laws v 190.7 Comm. Compd. 'na harmfocus `near at hand', Ériu xvi 161 § 8 . a.¤ .i. ionadh, O'Cl.

With the interrog. part. cía a.¤, cairm in what place? where?: ni fiastar som cia a.¤ indid immaircide do epert amén, Wb. 12d18 . cairm (.i. ubi .i. cid cairm .i. ubi) i cúala clūas `where hath ear of anyone heard it? Thes. ii 332.5 (Hy. v). cairm in tibre dam? where wilt thou give (it) to me? Trip.² 1939 . cisi a.¤ hi táside?, LU 3346 ( SCC 13 ). indid damse cit n-armand / hi fil chend erred Ul[ad], LU 11056 . ro chanustar C. ca ha.¤ a fuil D., MR 178.17 .

As conj. where (see GOI p. 546 ): a.¤ i fuirsitis in torcc arimbad and furruimtis a praintech there where they should find a boar, there they should put their refectory, Thes. ii 242.4 (Ardm.). a.¤ i naisṅdethat de dubiis generibus `the place in which they treat of double genders', Sg. 70b13 . a.¤ hi foí, BDD² 488 . a marbadh a.¤ ar saraigh comurba Brigde, RC xvii 381.9 . dóig rafetatar a.¤ condricfaitis na da curaid, LL 10234 . a.¤ .i. baile no inad . . . muna bat reille relltecha a.¤ concurtar cuir, O'Dav. 158 . nach a.¤ wherever: nach a.¤ indatochrathar im imséna `wherever they may happen to be concerned about a conflict of evidence', Críth G. 418 and n. nach a.¤ ata homo his isin scriptuir is do tormach aprisce doen da scripthuir, Hib. Min. 13.454 . nach a.¤ im mbid naidm, Laws v 368.12 Comm.

? airmet

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? airmet or dil.ie/2262

 

n a.¤ .i. daingniugad, ut est, airm et in cenn a memuir, O'Dav. 182 .

1 airmitiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airmitiu or dil.ie/2280
Last Revised: 2013

 

n n, f. In phrase a.¤ féid (see 5 fíad). Vn. of ar-muinethar féid. act of honouring, respecting; honour, respect: a.¤ féid in chinn do thabairt donaib ballaib, Wb. 7d14 . 15a19 . amal dombeir in ben airmitin féith don fiur, 11c14 . ermitiu feid, Ml. 22a4 . ind ermitiu feid, 28a21 . inna ermiten feid .i. armbad mou de a.¤ feid ind aithisc, 35c23 . is e . . . ceta tarat airmitan feid do P., Laws iii 28.9 . Note also: airm in na robai fiadh na airmhitiu, Ériu ii 136 § 120 .

Without follg. féid: ní tartisset airmitin Dé `they have not shown the reverence due to God', Wb. 1b17 . 5d16 . tabair uait a.¤ iar sreith / do Adom . . ., SR 837 . ba mór ind a.¤ tra doratsat Ulaid do Chonchobur, LL 12465 . fogebad grad ┐ ermitin, Trip.² 332 . airmitin a aidi, 887 . icá onóir ┐ ica airmhitin, RC xxvii 266 § 9 . co somíad co n-onóir co nairmitin, LU 2460 . ropo máralt airmiten, 4312 ( SG 84.33 ). do altugud na hairmiden ┐ na honora moiri sin tucad do, RC xxiv 64 § 26 . ba mor a.¤ na hingini si oc Dia, Three Hom. 54.10 . fer co n-armitin chelli ┐ crotha hi tuaith ┐ a n-eclais a man admired for his sagacity and beauty, Ann. Conn. 1233.7 . mā beith tra do ūaisle ind ḟir grāid ┐ a airmidin in proportion to the nobility and the dignity of the ordained man, Ériu i 220 § 15 . cion ┐ onóir ┐ airmhidin air, TSh. 2742 . más barr é ar a n-oirmhidin, Content. x 15 . airmidin .i. onóir, O'Cl.

In pl. honours, privileges(?): Pardus . . . / cona huilib airmitnaib, SR 1488 . a hecna, a hairmitniu `her honour' (of Ireland), Ériu iv 148 § 27 . a hordan a hairmidniu (of Paradise), RC xxviii 322 § 51 = a hairmitiu, LU 2484 . aithbe oll ar th'airmitnib, LL 200a34 .

In sense of taboo (? `lit. consideration, caution, reverence for a supposed supernatural sanction ', Plummer MS notes): biaid a.¤ (airmitniu v.l.) fort ḟlaith . . . ┐ bid si do a.¤ (airmitniu dogrés v.l.) .i. do ghes (folld. by list of taboos), BDD 16 . But latter to be read airmit-siu, Celtica xxiii 47-48 . a.¤ .i. geis, H 3.18, 529 . airmide .i. geis, O'Cl. See airmit.

Sense not clear in legal phrase ainrecht (airecht, arracht) airmiten: fortacht co ndeithbire .i. in ni doni d'foirithin neich aile co ndeithbires aice budhein in t-arracht airmiten, Laws v 488.31 Comm. congnum .i. oc a ngabail anrecht airmiten fos, 490.18 Comm. cid fodera sin ┐ co fuil lan fir isin airecht airmidean?, 492.16 Comm. na huili borbgnímraid . . . isa riagal re airrecht airmiten um sláinti, O'D. 1567 (H. 5.15, 4a).

airsclaige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airsclaige or dil.ie/2389

 

n , f. Mid. Ir. form of vn. of ar-clich. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 493 . Wortk. 99 , Lochlann ii 212 . act of warding off and hence with transferred object defending: no linadsom in poll dia liathrotib ┐ ni chumcaitis in meic a ersclaige (of defending a goal), LU 4986 (TBC). d'ursclaigi na n-echtrand ónd airiur, LL 224b21 ( TTr. 545 ). ri airsclaigi na gona díb, 244b4 (2056). ri anfolle na airsclaigi, 226a27 (`defence', 660 ). re diden ┐ re h-imdegail ┐ urrsglaidi dara ceand i n-aigid a mbidbud, Aen. 2446 . caembachall fri hursclaidhe uadh (weapon carried by a maccléirech), Laws iv 360.21 Comm. imnaiscid . . . a mbruttu imoalama clee fri a h-ursglaidi dib i naigid na n-arm, BB 439b7 . d'urscclaighi ┐ d'iomghuin dar a neise, AFM vi 2126.22 . A.¤ re hursclaigi `for resisting', MR 156.12 . d'ursglaighi an aladh to cover or protect the wound, 286.12 . a n-airm ursclaidhe `their defensive armour', 314.28 . cona glés ursclaigi, Comp. CC 104.14 . With engnam: nir-ba tualaing ursclaidi na hengnoma iad . . . re met na morainbthine, TTebe 1969 . fri h-engnamh ┐ fri h-ursclaighi, AFM vi 1962.1 . Cf. airchlige.

airṡlíab

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airṡlíab or dil.ie/2403

 

n (slíab) `district in front of, or facing the mountain' O'Brien, Ir. Hist. Stud. i 348 ; foothills, high land: ní bu airgech airslébe (eirlébe v.l.) / gēnais for medón maige `she was not a milkmaid of a mountain-side', Thes. ii 328.5 (Hy. v). amal tic banni dían dílend a hucht airṡlébi, LL 243b14 ( TTr. 1988 ). i mullach erslēbe, MacCongl. 125.35 . i fail airshlēbi, 95.24 . inn erṡlébe, LU 6909 ( SG 373.4 ). airm i n-adnacht 'sind aursléib, Metr. Dinds. iii 228.34 . mín a achaidh 'sa uirṡliabh, Top. Poems 68.2 . Íbh Eachach . . . idir fhiodhbhaidh is oirṡliabh, DDána 96.19 . re h-úaman a h-imána . . . dá h-íul ┐ d'a h-orlepthib (hoirrsleibtibh v.l.) fir-aithenta fein (of a cow being ejected from its accustomed pastures), Celt. Rev. iv 108.13 . ? boi a mathair ind inbaidsin i nairleba fri togairt, Irish Texts i 4 § 12 (= is amlaid robhui in máthair a n-indlobrai aracind-si, ┐ bui for airghi, Lism. L. 1266 ) (see O'Brien, Ir. Hist. Stud. i 348 . Gwynn, Hermathena xxiii 144 , would read i n-airle ba `in a cow byre').

? aisse

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? aisse or dil.ie/2512

 

ind oc loscud Muman maisse / ba subach don degaisse (of a hero), ACL iii 304.12 ( LL 375a14 ). a.¤ mu [ ] Moninne (: masse), LL 371c22 . Dubgilla . . . airm n-aisse (: snaisse) (of a shield), LL 193b34 = arm naise, Oss. v 258 (B. na f.). ? leoman úr aise (: braise) `the lion of their choice' (of a noble), Caithr. Thoirdh. 55.y .

alchaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. alchaing or dil.ie/2895

 

Forms: alchuing, ailcheng, ealchuing, alchuing

n f. Also alchuing, ailcheng. ealchuing, alchuing f., IGT Decl. § 13 (? 1 al (but see Marstrander, Lochlann ii 215 ) + cuing) rack for hanging weapons, etc.: alcheng ab alligando .i. arma, Corm. Y 97 . alchung quasi arm-chong .i. congbaid arma, 85 . alla .i. ab alligatione equorum. Sic alcheng a ligando arma, O'Mulc. 39 . a.¤ quasi archuing .i. congbail arma, O'Curry 83 ( H 3.18, 63 ). ro ir dom. .. .x. faidlenda (= aidlenda) .i. alcainge co n-imdenum, Ériu ii 5 gl. 87 . rogab in crimall ... anuas da healchaing, Laws iii 82.x . luirecha ara lebarealchaingibh, ML 76.9 . ní thogaibh laoch do leith Cuinn / arm ... dá ealchuing, Aithd. D. 39.22 . ealchuing ar gach slios díobh ┐ a lán bacán ionnta ... ┐ is ar na bacánaibh do chuireadh an seancha sciatha na n-uasal, Keat. ii 3895 . do lámh fan ccráoisigh na cearchuill / as dál fáoisimh d'ealchuing é relieves the a. of its weight(?), IGT Decl. ex. 876 . do chúl cam ní healchuing áer air is no support for(?), ex. 631 . fearg Ríogh na n-uile ar a ha.¤ `though God's wrath be laid aside', Dán Dé xii 3 . Common in descriptions of tumult, clamour etc. in which weapons fall from their racks: conná rabi gai for a.¤ ( ailching, BDD² 498 ) inte, BDD 55 (of the tumult caused by arrival of boats). cuna fargaib sleg ar aidlind ... ná claideb ar a.¤ , MU² 496 . In token of sympathy with death or disaster: co ndechraigsetar ... airm ┐ alchaingi (wounding of Cú Chulainn), LL 22086 . do tuitetar na leabhuir ... don ealchuing ar a rabhutur (a monk's death), ZCP x 246.19 . an adhaigh théighe tar tuinn / raghaidh Éire dá healchuing, Aithd. D. 36.28 . Fig. of a warrior's hands: a.¤ gai glaiss a glacca, LL 15337 . Of a person: Cairbre ... ealcuing congbhala an crábhaidh, AFM iv 670.9 . ealchuing an enigh, IGT Decl. ex. 632 . Cf. mag al cuing (? read chuing, GOI § 825 ), descr. of a girl's bosom , ZCP iii 245 § 52 .

See alchaill.

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