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forad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forad or dil.ie/23278
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: furad, foruth, foraid, foraid, forid, foradu, foirthiu, fortha, faraidh, f., f., f., f., fureth

n o, m.; earlier perhaps n., cf. n s. furad n-aircdidi, YBL 116a19 = IT ii 178 , a s. forsa foruth , AU 822 . g s. ind foraid , LL 30a37 . See Hogan, Todd Lect. iv 138 . n p. foraid, SR 502 . ind forid (gl. phari) BCr. 33d10 . a p. foradu, LL 220b44 ( TTr. 272 ). Cf. foirthiu, Tur. 65 , fortha, O'Cl. g s. faraidh, Aithd. D. 64.34 .

(a) a mound or platform , prob. in most cases of earth, used as a seat or stand for spectators, but also as a post of outlook; it varied in size and shape, being often large enough to accommodate a number of persons, but sometimes apparently intended for only one; it may in some cases have been circular; at the great interprovincial assemblies each king had a special f. and there seems to have been a f. set apart for women. There was sometimes a f. in or close to a chief's `dún.' There was a f. at Tara, identified by Macalister with a large circular mound still existing (see Temair Breg, PRIA xxxiv C 244 - 246 ). fortha .i. foradha .i. ionaid suidhe, O'Cl. failet ann ... foraid forōrdai (of the celestial city) SR 502 . lathrach in forraid hi taeb latraige tigi Cormaic (at Tara) Dinds. 1 § 9 = l. ind foraid, LL 30a37 ; cf. Narne .i. Tema[i]r .i. do anmaim in foraid robai inti, O'Mulc. 831 . Oenach Tailten do cumusc oc foradhaib im scrin Mic C. ... condid aptha ili de a disturbance broke out among the `forads' of the O.T., AU 830 . ro hordaigit ... fir Herend for foradaib ind oenaig, LU 4217 ( SG 82 ). cf. cōrus aonaig .i. a glanad ┐ a forada do denum, H 3.18, 391 b ( O'Curry 870 ; see Laws v 474.13 , 476.18 ). baí dano forud ar leith oc na mnáib, LU 4219 . cen techt fer i forud mban, | cen mná i forud fer, Metr. Dinds. iv 150 . fiche forud ríg Temrach ... fiche forud a rígna `twenty seats', ib. 154 . foradh righ Airghiall láimh re foradh righ Erind i [d]Tailltin ┐ a n-Uisneach, Leb. Cert. 136 . Artt hua Ruairc in rigḟoraid `of the royal seat' ZCP ix 466 § 28 . a mbátár inna ingena i sudiu for forod áenaig in dūini, LU 10194 (= forad, ZCP iii 232 ). Of a post of observation or part of a rampart: dorónadh ... foradh leis for temair ┐ dingna na cathrach ... d'fordécsin ┐ do dibricud námhat tairis sechtair, TTr.² 204 (= forath, LL 399a38 ). robai ... tor ard ┐ forudh fo mur in dunaidh, Aen. 2218 (= turris ... vasto suspectu, Aeneid ix 530 ). ro línsatar múru ┐ dindgnu ┐ foradu na cathrach, LL 220b44 ( TTr. 272 ). in forud i mbíd ic comét na cathrach (of station of a watch-dog) TBC-LL¹ 1009 . Used as a repository for weapons, etc.: doratad iarum forsin forud fora mbíd do grēs ind inchind, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 4 § 3 . In follg. ex. seems used of a vallum or rampart: ba hairegda ind inis ... furad n-aircdidi impe, IT II 178z . fureth, 182.214 . furad n-aircdidi impe 'there was a silver rampart around it' Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 56 § 23 .

(b) transf. of a fort, residence or place of meeting (common in poetry), cf. Lat. sedes: Druim C. cete na noem, forod na ḟenned, RC xx 136 . f.¤ na rig (of Tara), Metr. Dinds. i 4 . Dun mB. ... ba f.¤ find-dond, Anecd. i 13.13 . Eichtge ard | forud na Fían, LL 198b57 = adba, Metr. Dinds. iii 304 . cf. Forudh na Féine; Forud na fiann, Acall. 3339 , 3364 . a crích Comul ... a forud fíal Oengossa, Metr. Dinds. iii 134 . co forud Fótla (i.e. Ireland) 194 . Mide magen clainne Cuind | forod clainne Néill, LL 184b20 ( Arch. Hib. ii 82 ). tene di nim forsa foruth n-abbadh i nArdd Machae `the Abbot's mansion', AU 822 . f.¤ fessi ┐ fledaichthi airtir in talman (of Priam's palace) BB 443b2 Cf. a fisig ┐ a fir-eolaig ... ar foradaib fis ag denam a ndraidechta, Ériu viii 42.6 , where f.¤ is prob. used in a technical sense (cf. clíatha fis, expld. Keat. ii 5448 ff .).

(c) brow, forehead (?): co minnaib ... rigmaisecha ar foradh gacha flatha, Celt. Rev. ii 208.22 (Glenmasan MS. = for-, B IV 1 134 ).

Compds. ¤chnoc: i forudhchnoc urard bui. for lar in muighi ` a high, mounded (flat-topped ?) hill ' CCath. 2476 . caisslen ... ar foradhchnoc ard uas an gcathraigh (of Namur citadel), Fl. Earls 74.16 . ¤mag: seiss Conchobar ..., co mmathaib Ulad imme, for forodmaig ha hEmna `place of presidency' (assembly ?) LL 109a43 ( RC xiv 412 ). co forodmag na hEmna, TBC-LL¹ 897.1326 . ¤mullach: foradhmullach tṠleibe Mis, Acall. 6182 . ¤múr: ar foradhmúraib an dúnaid ` ramparts ' Celt. Rev. ii 208y . dobí sí ar foradhmúr na hEmhna gach laí ac feithim in muighe uaithe, Comp. CC 114 § 44 .

tuile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tuile or dil.ie/42319

Forms: t., t.

n io, n. vn. of do-lin. f. in: an t.¤ dhámh, Ériu v 56.67 . le t.¤ dhásachtaigh, Donlevy xviii 23.

I

(a) act of flowing, coming in (of the sea); full tide, flood tide: dicsi[gi]dir a thuliu la cetemun co tet for a tbe la gemredh. Leth-bliadain for tuiliu, al-leth aili for aithbhiu, Ériu ii 112 § 35 . conar airidhsid in muir ag tuili, BB 26b22 . cein nobid muir for tuili, 357b38 = for línad, LL 159b2 . muir ... atá ac t.¤ ┐ ac traghadh do shír, RC xxiv 373.15 . hi tuiliu gl. mare ... affluit, BCr. 34c3 . teora cethramdin huare aequinocht indid mailliu a t.¤ ar cach óenlaithiu `by which the flood is slower,' 25c1 . fail mór do muirib moa múr, | hIffirn co tuilib tromthúr, SR 906 . rí conic traig is t.¤ , 2538 . t.¤ aithbe etla nemtiger deoghbuire, O'D. 2209 ( Nero A vii, 144b ). lá 's adaig, tráig, trom-th.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 10.116 . is tearc t.¤ nach téid as, DDána 56.4 . co n-acind a tráig 's a tuli | ina réimim, ZCP v 497 § 6 . dula is teachta don t.¤ `the tide's ebb and flow,' Dán Dé vii 24 . Of a river: fri t.¤ gl. retrorsum ( Psalms cxiii 3 ), Thes. i 3.34 . Fig.: in tí gá táit sin uile | idir tráigh ┐ t.¤ `both at low water and at flood (i.e. in their entirety),' SG 112.13 . Cf. moille a tráig iná a th.¤ (of a drinking-cup), 97.14 .

(b) act of flowing, flooding; flood, inundation, etc.: on tuiliu gl. enundatione, Ml. 51b2 . Íssu úas tuinn tuili above the swelling wave, Fél. Prol. 250 . in ben di thonnaib tuli, LU 2978 . is snám i tuinn ro-th.¤ (of a dangerous undertaking), SG 362.z . for tuili doib ... | cethracha lá ocus aidche (the deluge), SR 2523 . ? corrice sin rim' thule | nocon acca-sa dune (in passage on deluge) LL 376b46 . nocho bí tuli cen tart, Ériu ix 47 § 21 . áes ina gnáth t.¤ fleochadh isēn dogrés `when abundant moisture is usual,' CCath. 450 (leg. as compd. ?). t.¤ srotha S. (of a river that had overflowed its banks), 2375 . tuili falcmar fala, TTebe 858 . ro fhobratar in Glais, ┐ nior fedsat teact tairsi la met a t.¤ , TBC-LL¹ p. 195 n. 6 . ceadh acht t.¤ gan tarbha (of a shower), DDána 75.21 . Tonn Chliodna thríd ag t.¤ , A. Ó Dálaigh lii 15. C. ... do bathadh do t.¤ retha `by a rushing flood,' ALC ii 142.5 . dóirtfidh mé ... tuilte ar an ttalamh ttirim, Isaiah xliv 3 . ruibēr ... go tt.¤ ro-lāidir with a very strong current, Fl. Earls 76.10 . gluaissis mēide ēiccin t.¤ isna mionaib[nib] `a certain amount of thaw set in in the small rivers,' 64.13 . fo dáig roptar é tri mór-th.¤ h-Erend .i. Tuli Clidna, T.¤ Ladrand, T.¤ ṁBale, LL 168b12 . See tond. Note also: roba tairptech a tuili | cu traigh ... n-E. (of a person), Lism. L. 4783 . a dtabhair do th.¤what a cow gives of her milk, Dán Dé xxvii 36 . See intuile.

II In phrases indicating abundance, plenty , etc.

(a) ainm Póil ... | attá són for tuiliu, Fél. Prol. 124 . cit úallaig ríg talman | ... | atbélat iar tuiliu `after abundance,' 247 . do bhisech atá ar tuili, SG 60.6 . ro boí in cóiced ina thopor thuli ┐ téchta ac C. ` abundance ' (Gloss.), MU² 131 . óclig for topur thuli | ní bí errach senduni `in the heyday of his strength,' Fianaig. 26.4 . nói cóicait stáb a roga, | ba sí dál, toga a t.¤ `a plentiful choice for all,' Metr. Dinds. i 34.74 . in óen-fhecht n-a t.¤ thrumm | turcbat uile ... | duille ┐ bláth ┐ mess, iii 288.29 . mo glor na th.¤ ara thi (in panegyric), LL 394.z . a ben croidhe caroim-si, | dobeir do thoil na t.¤ , ZCP i 121.16 . a searg go mothuighe mé | fearg Dé dá roth.¤ `God's overflowing wrath,' Dán Dé xxvii 1 . an t.¤ gach tráth a ndán do'n tuata riamh ` flood tide' (i.e. of prosperity), O'Gr. Cat. 618.28.

(b) With follg. gen.: t.¤ mar muirne `a great abundance of spears,' O'Dav. 1235. ón t.¤ tharaidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1089 . trí th.¤ | ticed a dún árd Ruide | t.¤ ógán t.¤ ech | t.¤ míolchon `three things in great plenty,' SG 104.1 . t.¤ ... fiaprassa, Fl. Earls 240.17 . ? co fárgsat cen tuili ṅdala | huili cruid a ṅgabála, SR 6459 . With abstract nouns: t.¤ feirgi .i. iumat feirge, O'Curry 1887 ( 23 P 3, 22a ). tráigh ar tt.¤ mímheanma `make my flood of depression to ebb,' Studies 1919, 611 § 2 . t.¤ nó tráigh a dtinn-se the ebb and flow of their power, cited Content. xxx 11 n. 8 . tarla i gceilg na tuile thnúidh, Studies 1927, 437 § 6 . t.¤ tuirse, DDána 65.12 . ro bhaoí ... i tt.¤ a aoise `in the bloom of youth,' AFM vi 1988.8 . M. ... do écc isin triochadmhadh bliadhain a aoisi ... hi tt.¤ a ratha, ii 1114.12 .

(c) Of persons: is é in t.¤ glonn ri gail, SG 385.21 . Cuculainn na nGaedhil, t.¤ ordain ┐ oireachais na hErind, RC xvii 407.20 . G. ... t.¤ ordain airtir Eireand, AFM ii 768.15 . Mac A. airdbretheam Aird Macha ┐ t.¤ eolais Erenn, RC xvii 381.4 . a th.¤ lán do ghrásaibh (Mary), DDána 18.1 . Note also t.¤ tréinfhir `O torrential hero,' TD 34.18 .

Also in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.