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1 aisc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aisc or dil.ie/2470
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: a.

n treated as neut. in a.¤ nDē, O'Mulc. 316 . Later f. a.¤ , aithis (ó énchéill) (aisg on aithis v.l.) f. IGT Decl. § 14 . Vn. of *ad-sech, Marstrander, Lochlann ii 213 ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 621 ). act of reproaching; reproach, blame: a .i. aithis, H 3.18, p. 632 . .i. imdheargadh, O'Cl. dinim .i. mebal nó a.¤ , O'Mulc. 335 . rogapsat ic a.¤ ┐ ic tobeim . . . for in n-airdrigh, CCath. 4445 . ni ha.¤ dot inchaib ┐ ni táir dot gasciud, LU 6373 (TBC). slán imreisc dúibsi (.i. rop slán sibsi ó cach a.¤), 10240 and n. fri ha.¤ mo on, Anecd. ii 71.6 . mesci .i. mó do a.¤quam in c[h]iall, Corm. Y 916 . cen a.¤ ┐ ingabáil (imgabail v.l.) / cen écnach nach bí `calumny', Ériu iii 104 § 40 . nach díon ar éag aisg ná iomghabháil `disgrace or desertion', ML 100.18 . a.¤ for (cosc air, cosc na v.l.) fell, Ériu ix 47 § 17 . súi cech ainb a.¤ `a sage is the reproach of every ignorant person', RC xxvi 16 § 11 . ben astoigh nár chaisc do chaí / a.¤ don mnaí nachar oil é, IGT Decl. ex. 678 . ní thug aisg nach uair toibhéim `no man uttered abuse but was afterwards chidden', Aithd. D. 74.3 . 's im aiscibh nach deachaidh athnamh éislinge, Ó Bruad. ii 28 xi . ? ni ha.¤ atát tair na fir / eter Eufrait is Tigir, LL 16220 = Rawl. 77b50 (`without doubt', PRIA xvi (1884) 235 ). ni ha.¤ atá fóir na fer / ó Muir Chaisp cussin n-airther, LL 16246 = Rawl. 78a13 . béim n-aisce shower of abuse: benais M. béim n-aisce fair, TBC-LL¹ 472 . og bem aisgi for L. heaping reproaches on, Aen. 3093 . In chevilles: ní céim a.¤ , LU 2825 . nir bo a.¤ , LL 306 . can aisg, AFM i 138.5 .

In sense of disgrace (as result of a deed): Coirpri Musc .i. mo a a.¤ (.i. miaisc) indaite a bhraithre aili (he was guilty of murder), Cóir Anm. 62 . dobudh aisg ar m'fhine tar m'eisi sin, ML² 1413 . a.¤ feichemnais do thabairt ar mac degfir, MR 284.15 . a.¤ .i. foghail, O'Cl. ní a.¤ do it is not a disgrace to, one may: ní aiscc dó dretli, Críth G. 408 `he may have a d.' p. 35 . ungae i mbánbéim ... dia n-aicestar aisc 'if the insulting act is seen', Ériu lii 139 . Cf. ní a.¤ duit guairiugad frium-sa, Anecd. ii 54.10 .i. ni dliged, ZCP viii 107.7 .

2 aiscid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aiscid or dil.ie/2475
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ascaid, asgaidh, aisgidh

i, f. vn. of ad-saig, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 606 . Also ascaid (perh. orig. separate word. Cf. escaid and see O'Brien, Celtica iii 171 ). See also LEIA asgaidh, aisgidh f. IGT Decl. § 149. Verbs § 71 .

(a) act of seeking, requesting; request, boon, favour: ag aisgead aithne bis i cill, O'Curry 268 ( H 3.18, 151 ). tucad disi ind ascid sin, LU 3151 . fálti fir connaig ascid sin, MU² 61 . conatuigh di ascaidh cusin righ, Lism. L. 1541 . rosgáid im ascaid andsin, Metr. Dinds. ii 70.49 . aisceadh bháis iarruim anocht, KMMisc. 368.1 . ba lond la H. in ascaid sin (the request for head of John the Baptist), PH 906 . ni ha.¤ charad ar charaid that is no friendly request, MR 306.16 . do shir mar aisgidh oram / sibh d'fhaigsin, DDána 58.14 . a n-iarraim gidh aisgidh dhoirbh, Dán Dé iii 21 . ní ro héradh eisiumh imon aisccidh sin, AFM vi 2232.4 .

(b) gift, present: tabar ascid dún . . . di búaib, LU 1561 . ros-b ía lind ┐ biad ┐ ascada, Sc.M² 4 . ránic cucum-sa . . . do chuingid aisceda, BDD² 266 . toirg dóib . . . aiscidi, 323 ( aisceda, LU 6803 ). ní . . . de ascedaib síde, TBFr. 16 . níba hascid a tharb trén / moa mbia comrac arm ṅgér, LL 8239 (TBC). bidh ascaid cluichi la Cesair sin ┐ bid nairi . . . daibsi, CCath. 5528 . etir eru ┐ aisced, RC xii 72 § 42 . do thabairt ascad . . . do, PH 2838 . ferr damh (dám?) asgath, ZCP x 51.10 . rucad tra in t-immun-sa . . . i commain na n-aisceda tuctha huad, Lib. Hymn. 63.36 . mar asgaidh . . . dhuid, Dán Dé xv 22 . do riodhnacht asccadha ioṁdha d'eochaibh . . . dó, AFM vi 2136.10 . an asgaidh chruidh, TD 3.39 .

Of a special type of gift for which a return had to be made at the end of a year (see Cóic Con. p. 73ff. ): dedhbir itir in cumain ┐ in a.¤ ┐ in urgais ┐ in tabairt . . . is ed is a.¤ and .i. ae scidh .i. scith lais inti do beir gan ni 'na haigid co cenn mbliadna, O'Curry 1209 ( H 3.18, 483 ab). ar id tri tidnacuil for sétaib cinmotha coibche .i. rath ┐ a.¤ ┐ aurgais . . . nach a.¤ no nach urgais nad [ic]aitir co cend mbliadhna is rat[h] iar mbliadhain co somaine iar sétaib, Cóic Con. 73 § 50 . comuin, ascada l[anam]nais, [ur]gais, 19 § 11. aisceda lanamnais .i. doberat na lanamna di araile, no do-beir cechtarde dib di araile .i. siur no ingen, 51 § 106. do commainibh ┐ do aiscedaibh ┐ d'urgais, Laws ii 192.1 Comm. (glossing cach idnucul). Cf. O'Dav. 164 . See airgais.

In phrase i n-a.¤ without payment, gratis, for nothing: athgabail ro gabadh ann i n-aiscidh . . . cin fogeltadh cin bleith bo, Laws i 228.25 Comm. ar comlogh no a n-aisci, ii 86.20 Comm. i ndeoladchaire [.i.] i n-aiscidh, iv 166.19 Comm. ro ḟáidh le bur n-inghin i n-aiscidh .i. le Fiondabair et ní tuc tindscra no coipche dhi, TBC-LL¹ p. 761 n. 10 . ní a naiscced dogeibhther anni iarrthar, Ériu v 138.125 . múnadh na n-ealadhan i n-aiscidh aca, Keat. iii 1486 . is ór i n-aiscid sút `that is gold thrown away', Mer. Uil. 139 . do reacabhair . . . a n-asguidh for nought, Isaiah lii 3 . ár fo-géba i n-ascid `thou shalt overcome him easily', MU² 1038 and Gloss. do gabhadh a chosae ┐ a lamha fair, go ffrith i naisccidh é so that he was captured easily, ZCP x 14.5 . Without requital, in vain, etc.: nár tháeth i n-ascid that he may not fall in vain, LU 6202 (TBC). goro marbtar a n-a.¤ , RC xii 90 § 109 . tuitfet-sa anaisci don each `I will fall on purpose from my horse' (i.e. fall without giving fight), Fier. 32 . ní cubaidh rinn ar faghail a n-aisgi (said by a leader exhorting his followers against superior numbers), ZCP vi 46.19 . gidhedh nocar marbhadh in asccaidh sin uair fuairsium feisin bás, AFM iii 522.5 . mac iarla . . . do thuitim in aisccid lá a easccairdibh `unrevenged', v 1778.5 . sūaill a n-aiscidh rohsīress I made few requests in vain, ZCP vii 305.30 . ná sireadh sé i n-asgadh (: asbal) oram `in vain', PBocht 26 § 35 . nocha racha an flaithius a n-aiscidh o P. can a digail, TTebe 1143 . In phr. léicid i n-aiscid goes to waste : nā léig fuil Chríosd i n-aisgidh 'do not let Christ's blood go to waste', Ériu lxiii 58 § 38 .

(c) act of seeking (esp. for lice) (cf. 2 escaid); examining: dorala ic ascaid chinn a brathar, Fél. 70.z . robai ina suidhe oc ascaid (ic aisce v.l.) a bruit, Corm. Y 502 . rosc ┐ rúsc .i. ōn ro-aisced bīs forru asberthar, 1122 .

aisicid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aisicid or dil.ie/2489

 

Forms: aiscid

v (aisec). Also aiscid. IGT Verbs § 65 . returns, gives back, restores: na (= no) aiscebad uadsum in cutruma do berad don coibche, Laws iv 64.8 Comm. = no aisicfed, O'D. 426 (H 3.17, c. 327). cach uair a.¤ in aithgin uad, Laws iii 490.3 Comm. aiscthir no icthair cach ni berair tre ernail dib sin, ii 390.4 Comm. conaisceba a fintiud, ZCP xii 365.6 . aisigí[d] cona fiach gaide an selbugh inndlighthech, Laws iv 270.9 Comm. mani aisce úait ind ordnaisc, TBFr. 301 . is e noaisicedh ┐ nothidhnaicidh a mbiadh dingbala do cach daim, IT iii 187.y . gach taisi tucus on Roim lium aiseogat iat, Fier. 63 . aiscis a mac do Diarmait he restored his son to D., LL 358 marg. 74 . asiges a braigde dó, RC xii 332 § 21 . roaisig a maithus uili don iarla, ZCP vi 103.20 . aiseoga mé comhfhurtachta dhó, Isaiah lvii 18 . aiséchthar olc na hÉireann, Studies 1919, 257 § 14 .

at-bail(l)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. at-bail(l) or dil.ie/4577
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: at-bail, atabail, adbaill, asindbail, -epil, conidapail, atballat, -abbalar, -apallar, eiplet, aipleat, atbailedh, atbaildis, asindbelsa, atbela, asinbela, -eple, -eplet, atroible, -érbala, -érbalam, -ærbalam, -herbalat, atbelainse, asindbelainse, asindbelad, -aipled, -epled, atbelmaisni, at-beltais, -epéltais, -epíltis, conid-erbalad, adbēlsa, atbelai, atbéla, ad-béla, -epéla, -ebbēla, at-belam, -hepelam, atbelaidsi, atbélat, atbelat, -epelat, atbela[d], atbélmis, ó 'tbaltsa, atrubaltsa, átrubalt, adrubalt, -erbalt, attrubaltar, -erbaltatár, epeltu, adbalair, atbailet, ad-bala, -abla, -aplait, -érbalur, aiplium, atbalad, -ablad, -epletis, -aipiltis, -eipeltaisi, -ebelaind, -eibelad, -hapladh, -ebailt, -eipilt, -erbailt, -eplemar, -epletar, abladur, -erbailtar, -erbalus, -erbaltais, -abuil, -eibil, inidabbaill, apail, -atrubull, -erbail, -eurbhail, aplastar, atbailset, hitbath, rotbath, ad- bath, atbath, atbath, ardatmba, arbath, apad, abbad, -abad, apu, -apaidh, asindbathatar, atbathadar, adbathadar, adbatar, adbáithit, apthatar, -apatar, atbatha, aptha, n-aptha, atbathsat, atbathsatt, apthu, eplaid, ablaid, aplaid, eples, eplit, ablur, aplad, aiplemait, aplis, d'éibil

v (*ess-ball-, normally with inf. neut. pron., Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 459 ; GOI 267 ). Dies .

Early forms. Indic. pres. 3 s. at-bail, Wb. 4d15 ; Sg. 4b6 . atabail, O'Curry 834 (H 3.18, 381b). rel. adbaill, Wb. 16b11 , Ml. 108a3 . amal . . . asindbail , Ml. 57a10 . -epil, Wb. 30d14 , Sg. 28b20 , 30a3 . Ml. 73d7 . conidapail, Ml. 91d2 . 3 pl. atballat, Wb. 9d5 . Pass. sg. -abbalar, Cáin Ad. 45 . -apallar, 46 . Ipv. 3 pl. eiplet, Ml. 73d7 . aipleat, Ml. 104b2 . Indic. impf. 3 s. atbailedh, Cóir Anm. 72 . 3 pl. atbaildis, BDD² 126 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. asindbelsa, Ml. 48a14 . 3 s. atbela, Sg. 30a3 . Thes. ii 7.29 . asinbela, Ml. 38b6 . -eple, Sg. 181a5 . 3 pl. -eplet, Ml. 77a13 . With ro: 3 s. atroible, Cáin Ad. 41 . -érbala, Thes. ii 7.30 . 1 pl. -érbalam, Wb. 4d19 . -ærbalam, Ml. 107d4 . 3 pl. -herbalat, Ériu vii 140.23 . Subj. impf. 1 s. atbelainse, Ml. 54c33 . asindbelainse, 131b13 . 3 s. asindbelad, 110b9 . -aipled, Ml. 85d8 . -epled, Sc.M² 3 . 1 pl. atbelmaisni, Ml. 96a10 . 3 pl. at-beltais, Ml. 36d16 . -epéltais, 99b2 . -epíltis, 121d16 . With ro: 3 s. conid-erbalad, Fianaig. 36.11 .

Fut. 1 s. atbél, Wb. 10d24 . adbēlsa, TBC-I¹ 1300 . 2 s. atbelai, Irish Texts i 35.23 . atbéla, Trip.² 617 . 3 s. ad-béla, BDD² 1380 . -epéla, Comp. CC 7.23 . -ebbēla, ZCP xii 232 § 43 . 1 pl. at-belam, SR 1556 . -hepelam, 2748 . 2 pl. atbelaidsi, Ml. 29c4 . 3 pl. atbélat, Wb. 1d4 . atbelat, Ml. 57a3 , 102b10 . -epelat, SR 4168 . Condit. 3 s. atbela[d], Ml. 16c10 . 1 pl. atbélmis, Wb. 4d9 .

Pret. 1 s. ó 'tbaltsa, LU 9496 . Perf. 1 s. atrubaltsa, LU 9514 . 3 s. átrubalt, Ml. 144d3 . adrubalt, Vita Br. 31 . -erbalt, SR 5417 . 3 pl. attrubaltar, Ml. 100a1 . -erbaltatár, LU 6288 .

Vn. epeltu.

Later forms. Indic. pres. pass. sg. (or 3 s. depon. act. ?) adbalair, O'D. 1217 (H 2.15, 85). 3 pl. atbailet, RC xiii 452.10 . Subj. pres. 2 s. ad-bala, Anecd. i 7.9 ( SCano 205 ). 3 s. -abla, Ériu iv 64 § 62 . 3 pl. -aplait, O'D. 1691 ( H 5.15, 31a ). With ro: 1 s. -érbalur, SR 1260 . 1 pl. na ro aiplium , BB 16b51 . Subj. impf. 3 s. atbalad, -ablad, LL 14045 . -epletis, LB 156a62 . -aipiltis, CCath. 3480 . Fut. 2 pl. -eipeltaisi, BB 16b52 . Condit. 1 s. -ebelaind, RC xxiv 198.6 . 3 s. -eibelad, MR 74.2 . -hapladh, Lism. L. 921 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. -ebailt, RC xvi 416.20 (Tig.). -ebelt, ZCP viii 307.2 . -eipilt, Lism. L. 2327 . -erbailt, SR 5344 . 1 pl. -eplemar, PH 7949 . 3 pl. -epletar, LB 118a45 . gur abladur , RC xii 342 § 36 . -erbailtar (-erboiltídar v.l.) Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 23.26 . With endings of s-pret. 1 s. -erbalus, Todd Nenn. 210.4 . 2 s. -erbaltais, Trip. 458.23 . 3 s. -abuil, Laws i 186.7 . -eibil, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 43.14 . inidabbaill, ZCP xii 233 § 46 = init apail , AFM i 378.5 . -atrubull, O'D. 1637 (H 5.15, 18a). -erbail, LB 127a44 . -eurbhail, Hy Fiach. 310.5 . as-eubhuil, Celtica iv 148 § 152 . ro aplastar , O'Curry 395 (H 3.18, 220b). 3 pl. atbailset, AFM i 276.7 .

Narrative tense supplied by suppletive verb ad-bath (see GOI 437 , 468 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 460 ). 2 s. (as quasi-fut.) hitbath, Stair Erc. 1308 . rotbath, ZCP xiii 216.10 . 3 s. ad- bath, Laws i 250.27 . atbath, LU 9805 . ar don bath .i. atbath airund, LU 592 ( RC xx 162 , ACC). ? ardatmba (ardatbath v.l.), Corm. Y 323 . arbath, LL 6698 ( RC xxix 211 § 1 ). conid apad , LU 4916 (TBC). -appad, 5356 (ib.). conid abbad , LL 250b25 . -abad, LL 15936 . conid apu , RC xii 68 § 34 . -apaidh, Leb. Gab.(i) 14.8 . Cf. rotbath, Ériu iv 64 § 63 . 3 pl. asindbathatar, Ml. 36d10 . atbathadar, RC x 72.9 . adbathadar, Laws iv 266.13 . adbatar, Aen. 1368 . ? adbáithit, AFM i 500.22 . conid apthatar , LU 6665 (TBC). -apdatar, LL 238 . -apatar, RC xiv 243.37 . With forms of pret. pl. pass. atbatha, Ml. 98b8 (but see note). condid aptha , AU i 328.9 ; RC xi 450.119 . co n-aptha , YBL 58b4 . With ending of s-pret.: atbathsat, LU 3568 ( SCC 29 ). atbathsatt, Hugh Roe 318.17 .

Vn. apthu.

As simple vb. eplaid, ablaid. Indic. pres. 3 s. aplaid, IT iii 322.19 . rel. eples, LB 150a53 . 3 pl. eplit, LB 159a26 . Subj. pres. 1 s. ablur, Aen. 856 . Subj. impf. 3 s. no aplad , LL 22296 . 2 pl. na ro eiblead sib, YBL 144b37 . Fut. 1 pl. aiplemait, RC xxiv 249.20 . Pret. 3 s. aplis, LU 7923 . d'éibil, Ó Bruad. ii 184 xxiv .

Special uses. Of things: vanishes, perishes, disappears: amal arindchrin dǽ ┐ asindbail gl. omnis eorum elatio . . . deperit, Ml. 57a10 . esba .i. es a báa .i. roheplad a maith, Corm. Y 517 . manid epled ní airi though nothing of it should perish(?), Sc.M² 3 . adbath fir Feiniu, Laws i 250.27 . atbath borg tromm Temra / la tairthim a flathe `T . . . . has perished', Fél. Prol. 166 . atbail dliged a creidme, Ériu i 218 § 2 . inid apad Oreb de, SR 5307 . co n-erbalat . . . a haccobrai, PH 7111 .

In legal sense lapses, is forfeit: intī troisces tar taircsin reir[e] do, at-baill a dligid a fuighiull Fene i.e. his suit is no longer actionable, is ipso facto quashed, ZCP xv 261 § 5 . rucus aithni cen taisec . . . ba deithbir ar ba la indile cāich las-mbōe ind aithne atrubalt `ist . . . untergegangen', 352 § 41 . atbaill leth ó ḟaill (n)éc(s)macht (of a payment), Críth G. 275 . tri ái nad eplet faill which do not lapse from neglect(?), Triads 153 . trí féich nad eple faill, 256 . atbath in bith uile ar aen uball, Laws i 52.4 ( ZCP xvi 177 ). cisne tri haimsera i n-adapail (inád a.¤ ?) a torad ar cach flaith ? v 450.12 . adbaill a dire ma forfollangtar a gresa, O'Curry 2313 ( Eg. 88, 24 (25)a ). for secht nanala epeltur ae eculsa, 2205 ( Eg. 88, 8(9)d ). dia nurthuaisi [in ben] co fa tri atbaill fiach a sleithi, 618 (H 3. 18, 299). ni apuil nech ní ar nos .i. nochon eiplenn ni o neoch ara nos nindligthech, O'D. 576 (H 3.17, 443). adbathadar ar Aengus a thire, O'Curry 2300 ( Eg. 88, 22 (23)c ).

In pl. with beóil in sense dies: at-baildis a beóil in tan ad-beiread gaí, BDD² 126 . atbélat do béoil meni aisce úait, TBFr. 304 . nach fer díb do-n-écucus-sa at-bélat a béoil, MU² 976 .

With accompanying acc. or dat. of cause of death: atbelam gorte we shall die of hunger, SR 1556 . ni epéla faill ná ésliss he will not die from neglect or contempt, Comp. CC 7.23 . ad-baill fingail móir . . . for Dollud, ZCP xx 227 § 36 . Also with prep. DI: atbelsa gortai . . . ni erbailt céle Dé riam de gortai ná huacht, Irish Texts i 35.10 ( atbelai gortaide, 23 ). mani eple de, Sg. 181a5 . atbathatar dend aine sin sruithi `old men died of that fast', Mon. Tall. 156.5 . go n-ablator cach do luathcchair so that everyone died from joy, Ériu iv 54 § 24 . atbail ar feile indsein she died from shame, TBC(C) 2497 . With éc: conappad éc n-úalle fort `died in thee a death of pride', Metr. Dinds. ii 12.40 . éc atbath, LL 3060 . éc atbathatar don Budi Connaill, 3068 . is éc at bath rí in Broga `a natural death died the King of the B.', Arch. Hib. ii 84 § 28 . Note also: immusapt[h]atar . . . / re cách ar ndā deogbaire `perished by each other's hand', Fianaig. 12.16 . imapt[h]a dūn `we perished mutually', 12.23 .

béim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. béim or dil.ie/5566
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: béime

(-mm) n, n. vn. of benaid, see GOI § 735. b.¤ m. and f., g s. and n p. béime, IGT Decl. § 45 (g s. ex. 572, d s. ex. 693).

(a) act of striking; cutting, hewing, taking (off, away), removing, stripping (clothes, etc.): beim a cinn fri cloich gl. capita petrís inlidant, Ml. 139c3 . la beim dom churp cuimnech `at the smiting of my mindful body', Fél.² Ep. 363. fo-loimetar a b.¤ cosna claidbib they threaten to smite him, BDD² 1206. ba b.¤ cride fri cliab leis (of fear), TBC-LL¹ 1038. iarna beím dó asa fremaib (of an oak), Sc.M² 18R . oc bēim ḟeda, TBC-I¹ 778. fertais carpait do bēimim (béim, LU), 780 . a chenn do bēim (bein, v.l.) de, Sc.M² 7. dixit cend Lomnae drūith īarna bēimeim de, Corm. Y 1018 (87.4) . iar mbeim a chind do Ch. `after striking off C.'s head', Ériu ii 30 § 13. a ndrisi ┐ a ndraigne do beim dib (of land), Laws i 128.9 Comm. im beim adbar droichit `cutting the materials for a bridge', 134.27 Comm. b.¤ .i. búain, O'Cl.

Special applications: sesem ic beim in cluic, Thes. ii 346.38 . oc b.¤ tened, BDD² 480. b.¤ spréde, 487 . tene an aonbeime .i. Aodh (see áed), Anecd. ii 52.1 . iar mbēim eiti when he flaps his wings, ZCP vii 310 § 7. dóṡuidigthi .i. cechtar nái foleith cen b.¤ foscdæ innalaill (gl. apposita) without (the one) casting a shadow on the other (of genders of oppidum and Suthul), Sg. 63a15 . íar bēim dei a lēned having taken off his tunic, TBC-I¹ 1387 . a etach . . . do beim do na corpaib, Laws i 176.7 Comm. ní maith lim-sa a manaig do bēim ar L. `to deprive L. of his monks', BColm. 84.16 . ? ni fess mo bunad ria beím `I know not my race to proclaim it', Ériu vii 225.19 .

(b) blow, stroke; cut: bemmen gl. ictús, Ml. 39c17 . bémen dígle . . . nímmalle act is cach ae fo leith .i. coic cethorchuit béimmen `blows of punishment . . . five forties of blows', Wb. 17d2 . ind mbemmi a glancing blow, LL 11091 ( TBC-LL¹ 4285 ). fer benas dam óenbeímmim `at a single blow' (Vocab.), Críth G. 557. is ē nobenfad a crand ōen bēim (óenbéimim, LU) dia bun, TBC-I¹ 339. b.¤ búirid fri teora sústa iarnae they strike a blow with three iron flails, BDD² 1270. co tarat beim ( la tabairt beimen, FB 39 Eg.), LU 8536. dobert b.¤ dind echfleisc dó, 3287 ( SCC 8 ). benaim bēimend ágmara / for slōg síabra, TBC-I¹ 1686 ( LU 6170 ). roben a teora mǣla Midi da thrī bēmennaib, TBC-I¹ 3603. in treas beimennd Fergusa . . . .i. na tri maola Midhi, it e na tri beimenna, Anecd. ii 52.13 . dá cét mbéimen for láma (of penitential exercises), Ériu i 197.5 . cin coisi, di bemium `crime of foot, by kicking', Laws i 238.11 . doradad iarsin b.¤ dara munel cor beanad a cheand de, RC xxiv 56.1 . beim co commus (one of Cú Chulainn's feats), Ériu iv 30.12 . beim fo clos `some kind of military exploit' (Plummer MS. notes), BB 488b22 . co mbeim léoman (rhetoric), LU 5442 , TBC-I¹ 966. bēimm dobeir nathair do neoch an adder's sting for someone, Bruchst. 22 § 48 ( IT iii 78 § 48 ). fri b.¤ n-aéla thrust (of a fleshfork into a cauldron), LL 38376 ( RC xiii 58 ). ráinic b.¤ ǽile fon choire do Conall, RC xxix 219.19 . B. breo betha buadaig / beim in æl airimh ænuigh, Lism. L. 3464. rus-bean bem da heirr `struck . . . with a stroke of its tail' (of a serpent), TTebe 2074 . gearraidh sí (i.e. a scythe) d'aon-bh. an feóithne ┐ an fochnagán, TSh. 2644.

Extended applications: Bemenda Branduib i mBreghaib (i.e. ` seven battles', ed.), RC xvii 163.12 . Bemenna B. i mBreaghaibh, AFM i 222.6 . brogais Bernsa b.¤ don maig `advanced a pace', Metr. Dinds. iii 92.39 . bēim graece bemandro .i. pasus (leg. passus), O'Mulc. 140. bēim didiu .i. césad nó foditiu (through confusion with Lat. passio ?), ibid. b.¤ .i. céim, O'Cl. bēim, cēim `a step', Eg. Gl. 717 (see Ériu xi 119) . beim beg do breathaibh crolighi annso (title of passage consisting of extracts from commentaries on Bretha Crólige, see Ériu xii 2 ), O'Curry 305 (H 3.18, 167). Cf. beimm cenelach lessom anisiu `this is a general remark (?),' Thes. ii 39.22 .

(c) In legal contexts determination, decision, definition, rule, statement (?): b.¤ .i. cinneadh, O'Cl. beim tuathi do nartaiched aicne .i. in cinnedh doní in tuath on aigne dia toirithín, O'Curry 444 (H 3.18, 238b). beim naillech nad nertad tuatha deter- mination, assertion (?) by oath, Laws i 232.1 (and 234.6 Comm.). beim nailliuch . . . .i. noill cinnti . . . .i. in luighe cinnedh (in tuath), O'D. 105 (H.3.17, 86). b.¤ sét ro slanaige tuathband, 576 (443). beim .i. cinne (leg. cinned, Stokes), beim sochaidi ro sluagaigh (leg. slanaigh) tuathbann .i. is cinne sochaidhi, O'Dav. 311. beim sochaidh ro slanaigh tuathbann .i. ro slanaigh in dliged so co obund is na tuathaib. Cail mar cuirfidh in bec sin re cheile. In beim annsa roscadh inand he ┐ in dliged ata sa fasach. In tobonn ata sa fasach is inand ┐ in beim mar in cetna, O'Curry 2113 (H.4.22, 79a). beim sochuir ro slánaigh tuathband ┐ do garar nos la curaibh cosmailsi, O'D. 533 (H. 3.17, 431) `the striking [?] of a good contract which public law validates', Plummer MS. notes. beim tairbe na tarrathar .i. bem so tairben cluais na tarruith nech adidceth, O'Curry 879 ( H 3.18, 394a ).

(d) In various special phrases: b.¤ n-asclaing see asclang. b. císa a rate (?) (levying ?) of tribute: ben do beim císa orainn, Lism. L. 3195 . Cf. (c) supra. b.¤ n-écndaig, cf. (e): ba ussa . . . a dilgud sein oldaas beim n-ecnaich for Dia `blasphemy of God', Ériu ii 122 § 63. See écndach. b.¤ forais (see forus): b.¤ foris inso sís uile all that follows is a laying down, or statement, of rules, Wb. 25c18 . aphorism: forus .i. forismus graece sermo breuis latine ipocrāit (?) no excerptio interpretatur unde dicitur adcomced beim foruis fair (see Gwynn, KMMisc. 183 ), Rawl. 108b36 , O'Mulc. 578. b.¤ súl(a) (see s.v. súil): gebis galur Dauid . . . tria béimm súla ┐ tria aídcell anfhoill, LB 129a15 . treisi an b.¤ súla iná sin the evil (?) (envious ?), eye can go further (lit. is stronger) than that (?), Bard. Synt. Tr. 219.17 .

(e) Fig. blow, stroke of feeling, emotion; reproach, offence (with FOR, AR); blemish, fault, disgrace: beim di omhon, Ériu ii 134 § 118. in bem dimecin dorat L. fair, BB 416a16 . dorat . . . aithis ┐ beim forsan coicedh n-uili, Sc.M² R 14 . benais M. b.¤ n-aisce fair reproached him, TBC-LL¹ 472. beim ar a ecna `offence à sa science', RC xxiv 377.29 . b.¤ .i. égnach no toibhéim, O'Cl. , Eg. Gl. 718. is b.¤ ar inchaib na h-atharda, MR 300.31 . fagail beime ni dual di she should not receive reproach, ZCP ii 337.22 . ní b.¤ ar Bh. `no reproach to B.', TD 6. 17 . le a dtréithibh gan bh.¤ ar bioth, Hackett lv 13 . ná bíodh 'na bh.¤ air ar n-obadh, IGT Decl. ex. 693. buain béime ar mo bhogha-sa `that you have undertaken to revile my bow', Content. xxiv § 22 .

Compd. ¤scrisad: do bhéimsgriosadh . . . le tréan-thuile mhóir violently snatched away, O'Rah. 44.5.

benaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. benaid or dil.ie/5647
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: benim, benaim, benai, benith, benaid, bennaid, benid, bentai, -ben, benas, benait, -benat, -rubaim, benair, benar, -bentar, -benad, -bentais, ben, benad, benaidh, benat, benar, -bia, -ruba, -rubai, -bethir, -ruibther, betir, -rubad, -rubaitis, -rubdais, no-m-bethe, bīu, biëd, bíthus, bias, bifas, -biter, bethir, -bífad, -bífed, mbíthe, beo, bii, b, bissis, bisius, bië, -beotur, -rubha, -ruba, -rubai, -rubi, rodmbi, ros-bae, robéotar, robeotar, robeobdar, -rubatar, -rubhradar, bíth, -rrubad, bíthi, bitha, -bítha, ro-bīthe, bethi

v See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 369 , 461 , GOI §§ 551 , 654 , 691 (a) , KZ xlvii 159. Indic. pres. 1 s. benim, Thes. ii 42.7 . benaim, LU 6170. 2 s. benai, TBC-I¹ 3592. 3 s. benith, Thes. ii 250.11 , benaid, Ml. 46d4 , LU 6206 , bennaid, 5213 . benid, TBC-I¹ 397 , bentai, 1201 (with suff. pron.). bentus, Airne F. 2.17 . -ben, 424 , Blathm. 98 § 26. Rel. benas, Corm. Y 1235 , Críth G. 556 , TBC-I¹ 3605. 3 pl. benait, Fél. Jan. 31 , June 30 , -benat, MU² 544. With ro-: 1 s. -rubaim, LU 6230. Pass. sg. benair, Ériu ix 47 § 19. Rel. benar, Thes. ii 254.3 (Stowe M.). 3 pl. -bentar, Ml. 91b3 . Indic. impf. 3 s. -benad, LU 9137 ( FB 88 ), 3 pl. -bentais, TBC-I¹ 30. Ipv. 2 s. ben, TBC-I¹ 3593. 3 s. benad, Wb. 20c8 . 2 pl. benaidh, Ériu ii 120 § 58. 3 pl. benat, TBC-LL¹ 5834. Pass. sg. benar, Ml. 93d16 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. -bia, Laws iv 124.10 . With ro-: 2 s. -ruba, TBC-I¹ 1596. -rubai, Críth G. 581. Pass. 3 s. -bethir, Ml. 36a5 . -ruibther, CRR 54. 3 pl. betir, Ml. 54a17 . Subj. impf. (with ro-) 3 s. -rubad, TBC-I¹ 2769. 3 pl. (?) -robeotais, Cymmr. xiv 118 § 19 ( Rawl. 132b35 ). -rubaitis, TBC-I¹ 806 , -rubdais, Metr. Dinds. iii 104.24 . Pass. sg. no-m-bethe, Ml. 39a19 .

Fut. 1 s. bīu, TBC-I¹ 3592. 3 s. biëd, Celtica xxi 200.6 . bíthus (with suff. pron.), LU 10481. Rel. s. bias, TBC-LL¹ 3453. With -f-: bifas, Rawl. 132b36 . Pass. pl. -biter, Anecd. i 44.4 . Rel. s. bethir, Blathm. 957 . Condit. 3 s. no bīad, TBC-I¹ 2942. -bífad, SR 5812 , -bífed, TBC-LL¹ 744. Pass. s. no mbíthe (nom bithe, MS.), Blathm. 506.

Pret. and perf. 1 s. beo, TFrag. 108.6 = AFM i 302.9 . 3 s. bii (disyll.), Blathm. 98 § 25. b, LU 1750 (ICM). -bí (= -bai, TBC-I¹ 696 ), LU 5176. Note also (with suffix. pronoun and intrusive -s-) bissis, RC xii 68 § 34 , bisius ib. Rel. s. bië (disyll.), Blathm. 279. 3 pl. -beotur, Corm. Y 698 (59.5) = -beodutar, Corm. 24 (gaire). With ro-: 1 s. -rubha, AFM i 242.9 (= RC xvii 177.2 ), 2 s. -ruba, Wb. 13d25 . 3 s. ro bi, Rawl. 88a30 , -rubai, LU 5334 , -rubi, BDD² 187 , rodmbi, Laws iv 176.26 . ros-bae, CRR 56. 3 pl. robéotar, LU 5110 (= TBC-I¹ 625 ). robeotar (beóatar, robeobdar, ro hortsat, v.ll.), Metr. Dinds. iii 98.3 . -rubatar, TBFr. 60 , BDD² 695. Note also: go n-da-rubdatar, TBC-LL¹ 4384 (see Ériu xiv 118.1 ). -rubhradar, ZCP i 464.29 . Pass. sg. bíth, Metr. Dinds. iii 94.23 . ro bíth, RC xxiii 308.33 . -rrubad (sic leg.), Fianaig. 10.21 . pl. bíthi (bithi, MS.), Blathm. 203. bitha, RC xxiii 308.33 , -bítha, Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 52. ro bitha, Ml. 100b2 , TBC-I¹ 1373. ro-bīthe, ZCP xi 62.4 .

Part. see bíthe. vbl. of necess. bethi, Ml. 114c12 . Vn. see béim, bíth. Later with stem ben-, boin- (cf. boingid), bain- throughout (with ā-subj., f- future and s- pret.). See rubaid.

I

(a) beats, strikes: in O. Ir. gl. pinso, Thes. ii 42.7 , perculsus, Ml. 45d6 , pulsat, 46d4 , iecta, 123c17 . beanaim .i. buailim, O'Cl. b.¤ in t-aingel in sruth co fleisc, LU 2117 ( FA 18 ). bi ind ala slabrad suil ind rig, Ériu iii 136.2 . co mbensom dia durnn inna ētan, TBC-I¹ 423. fer benas dam óenbéimmim who fells an ox with one blow, Críth G. 556. bentai Cuc[h]ulaind cona claideb, TBC-I¹ 1201. b.¤ in talum o chois deis he strikes the ground with his right foot, PH 1337. benith galar (a charm), Thes. ii 250.11 . araile fer . . . robenad on crithgalur was stricken by, Lat. Lives 98 § 93. benfat na demna o phianaib examla me, PH 2231. (of a head of hair) b.¤ braine a dá imdae it strikes against (i.e. touches) the edge of his hips, BDD² 963. drud rú asa mbearna bheanaid `whose gap they strike at' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 859. an mheadh as lán dom lochtaibh / bean a clár dod chumhochtaibh `strike up . . . the scale weighted with my sins' (?), Dán Dé xxii 12 . Transfd. casts (a shadow): co mbentais foscod i medōn a dā gruaide (eyelashes), TBC-I¹ 30. reaches: benaidh immorro inis Breatan seach hErinn saerthuaid co cian (`extends', Todd Nenn. 31.2 ), BB 203b40 .

Of hand-clappers, bells strikes, rings: ben do chlocc, Trip.² 1370. clocán bind / benar i noidchi gaithe that is struck, IT iii 16 § 40 . benais Sencha bascrand, MU² 923. robenadur na cluic `sounded', ZCP vi 285.1 . benait cluig ┐ ceōlāin . . . uaidhip fēin `the bells and chimes . . . of themselves rang', Fl. Earls 52.2 . In phr. b.¤ (cloc) FOR (? AR), see II infra.

Strikes (fire), lights: co bethir gl. inuratur, Ml. 36a5 . roben in tenid Chascae = incendit ignem, Lat. Lives 5 § 4. do benusa teine ┐ doronus a fadodh, BNnÉ 69 § 114 .

Note also: F. féigbind ro ben bríg mbreth who passed weighty judgments (Thurn.), ZCP x 271.4 . With galar: benaim galar `I slay the disease´ Celtica xxv 252 . benim a galar, Thes. ii 249.7 . benith galar, 250.11 . See also 1 fris-ben.

(b) hews, cuts down, off: bíi Ququlaind a dī ord lāma ┐ a dī ortt coisse, ZCP viii 120.21 . bennaid Cu Chulaind omnae, LU 5213. do benuit leō roga ro-chleth . . . ┐ mīne mōirf[h]eda, ML² 1064. benat scíathu let them slash shields, TBC-LL¹ 5834. (of breaching, knocking down a wall) dia robenad in t-ochtmad múr, PH 8014.

(c) slays; wounds: beosa L. an[d] do chailg, TFrag. 108.6 (= AFM i 302.9 ). ra mbeótar i n-ecomlond, LU 6680 (= TBC-I¹ 2138 ). intī bifas nō genfas (sic) nech do slōg araile . . . arthús, Rawl. 132b36 . nad ro marb in bech rodmbi (glossed: ro gonastar e, 178.7 Comm. ) `the bee which stung him', Laws iv 176.26 . Eoin . . . do thriall tar sáil / is mó bhíth mé is do ghríos mé ná is mian do rádh `what has wounded me more sorely', O'Gr. Cat. 581.10.

(d) Of crops cuts, reaps; gathers: (of Adam) co n-aireadh ┐ co mbenadh gan allus, BB 16b2 ( ITS xxxiv 58.15 ). benaid in gort uile `they reap the whole field', Ériu v 116.14 . glenn . . . ina mbenaid dáoine ímforcraidh spísraid, Maund. 54. an chnú ní 'na bláth beantair, Dán Dé vii 15 . luibh leighis re báidh beanais with love (for us) He plucked a healing herb, DDána 48.1 . (of turf-cutting) mani bentar hi ina haimsir coir, Laws i 132.7 Comm.

(e) incises, engraves: ise in luathrindi sin robenadh i sciath C. that is the `luathrindi' (lit. ash-point) that was cut in the shield of C., Ériu v 72.23 . (of drawing Ogam characters) no da mbentar uile, LL 5338 ( Auraic. 5449. )

(f) takes (away), carries off: bensat giallu iar congail, RC xvii 145.14 . Of tax, tribute, etc. exacts, levies: mili dam mili bo benaim `I exact', 49.9 .

II With follg. adv. do ben a claidheamh amach drew his sword, ITS xix 44.4 . lér bhain sé a fhlaitheas . . . amach arís `recovered', Keat. ii 1089. do benadh luirech an ridire sin amuig `was captured', L. Chl. S. 38. do bean Úa B. . . an gealladh . . . ar aiss retracted, Expugn. Hib. 69. do benatar ar lár laim ris `they fell to the ground', BCC 132.

With prepp. With A takes from: in pars benar a hichtur in lithe `the particle that is cut off', Thes. ii 254.3 (Stowe M.). ercōit benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308.z. is tu rogab misi . . . ┐ roben fhuasgailt asum `got ransom from me', ZCP vi 285.8 . (of a rescue from a castle) go mbendaís an tiarla as d'áis no d'eiccen, AFM vi 2172.25 . do bheanadar as . . . they inferred that . . ., PublicRecords Appendix 40.22 . eunuchi . . . .i. na daoine as a mbeantur, 23 K 42, 94.18 . na h-ainmhíntidhe a mbaintear asta which are gelded, Corp. Astron. 90.21 . as e as adbur as a mbainter na catraca `that is the material from which cities . . . are formed', Ir. Astr. Tr. 36.7 . do benadh comnuidhe asainne forsan muir we were stayed, BNnÉ 7 § 22 . robenus lēim luthmur . . . as mo sdét made my steed leap, ZCP vi 65.9 . beantur fiuchad as `bring it (i.e. milk) to the boil', Rosa Angl. 94.2 . b.¤ custam as levies toll on: bentor custam as a n-eachroidh in gach baile dip, Fl. Earls 86.1 . b.¤ greim a see greimm. ? gan mo bhac, a Dhé, i ndeacraibh / ná beantair lat é as m'olcaibh, DDána 61.6 .

With DE takes from: robenaitt a lama ┐ a cosa donti dorone were cut off, Ann. Conn. 1224.3 . benuis screapall beg . . . de `broke off', Fl. Earls 34.17 . dobenadh a ceimniughudh de the power of walking was taken from him, Aisl. Tond. 107.3 . Of covering, clothing, etc. ben a erriud ┐ a étgud de take off his equipment and his clothing, TBC-LL¹ 4061. bensat a chroicend de `stripped his skin from him', PH 2146. bean an dá bhliadhain déag . . . do na hocht gcéad déag bliadhan úd `deduct . . . from', Keat. ii 1160. do ben minna da ṡíair fa marbad uile `he made his sister swear that she would kill them all', Maund. 82. go mbeanfaidhear cúntas 'na smuaintighthibh dhe an account of his thoughts will be demanded of him, TSh. 7304.

Various phrases. b.¤ céill, súil de, see cíall, súil. b.¤ cert de, see cert. do bhean Ír díobh . . . tosach `outstripped [them],' Content. xxx 4 ; cf. ag béin túsa d'íbh Táil, IGT Introd. § 38. ris an mbréig níor bhean dá mhóid he did not break his vow (?), A. Ó Dálaigh l 31.

With DO: lucht an bheatha dá mbeanfadh on whom it would fall (i.e. a deluge of rain), DDána 75.22 . do ben escor don nech the person fell, BCC 452.27 . do bhain a mhaoith (sic MS.) do gach fior affected everyone, Ériu i 98.32 . ro bhen a droch-dhiach dhó oir fuair a righedh ar carr `his evil destiny awaited him', AFM v 1818.12 . ní bhean th'aigneadh d'Eóghan thy opinion did not effect E. (i.e. E. was not of thy mind), Ir. Review 1912, 471 § 5 . dom anmain is eadh bheanas / an mac do bhí i mbraighdeanas the child . . . is my soul, DDána 7.21 . gidh cúich mé, a bhean, beanfad daoibh / madh áil leat leannán macaoimh I shall be yours, 67.14 . Caiter ḟíona .i. an chailleach dhubh do ben dó who adhered to him, Ó Héodhusa 42.8 . ní bheanann dúinn trāchdadh orra annso it is not our business to . . ., Mac Aingil 2586 . ní bheanand doibh offic Chriosd do ghabhail chuca `they have no right to', Carswell 225.

With FO: b.¤ foo (in ras. H) attacks them, LU 4874. bean far dtoirmisg-ne far dtoil try to prevent us from achieving our wish, DDána 95. 24 . má bheanann faoi ag mionsmuaineadh . . . ar na neithibh si if he happens to be thinking, Mac Aingil 360 .

With FOR (AR): forom-sa co m-benfat a n-osnaid ┐ a mmallachtain it is at me their sighs . . . will be directed, TBC-LL¹ 197. benais Medb béim n-aisce fair reproached him, 472 . benfait Ulaid form do lecud th'oenur sin cocrích, 1176 . ní bheanfa aimhleas no olc / ormsa inghean Con Connocht `Cú Ch.'s daughter will not charge me with hurt or harm' (?) Studies 1921, 589 § 8 . ro ben cotlud na haidhchi forro deprived them of, CCath. 2439. ni bhenabh sa a chuid don tsaogal fair, BNnÉ 182.15 . ar neach do bhean a mbúaludh / uabhur h'each mear dhā mūnadh `the mettlesomeness of your swift steeds . . . deprived a person of (the need of) beating them' (Notes), O'R. Poems 2535. nā benaidh amhiris for Dia imm immut a mirbhol do not visit God with disbelief (?), Ériu ii 120 § 58. b.¤ (cloc) for (? ar) lit. rings (a bell) against, hence excommunicates: gabais salmmu escaine foraib . . . B. a chlocc foraib, Trip.² 1303. cor benadh an Bernān Ciarāin (i.e. the saint's bell) fair, RC xvii 383.11 . benait co mBríg . . . / barr find for slúag enair they, together with . . . B., bring the host of January to a good end, Fél. Jan. 31. See 1 glas.

With FRI (LA): traig . . . isī benas fri lār touches the ground, Corm. Y 1235. is béss didu ind liacc benir (sic MS.) ilbeim friss gl. lapidem offensionis et petram scandali, Wb. 4d15 . fuair fearthain . . . / nochar bhean re brat an naoimh, Dán Dé iv 22 . in Brug risa mbenand tond, Ériu vii 219 § 6. ? co Luimneach lethanglas / frismbarca ben, iv 154.2 (see F 428.56). benum . . . frisna catrachaib filet fri toeb mara let us visit, LB 142a29 . acht co mbeantai (toccaibti, v.l.) mur friu `if only a wall were set up against them', Ériu viii 179.9 . inud in ro ben in nathair fris 'the place where the serpent had stung him', ITS xxxv 34 § 119 . Fig. touches, affects; is concerned with, meddles with: benad fria chubus fessin gl. opus suum probet unusquisque, Wb. 20c8 . benaidh rind labhairt ar aesaib(h) an domhain, Leb. Gab.(i) 2.7 . ná bean ris, Proverbs xx.19. Ronán . . . / Colman fria mbaig benaim `whom I entreat for their blessing', Gorm. Aug. 18 (? modelled on late Lat. use of pulsare in sense of rogo, see Du Cange s.v. 1 pulsare ). ara mbaig fris mbenab, Nov. 4. gach ní dar bhean le Tepoitt `all the possessions of T.', AFM vi 2146.19 . an té do-ní adhaltrannas . . nō bheanas ré mnaoi neamhpósda, Parrth. Anma 2495.

With I: b.¤ side sleg n-ind, LU 1522. suil beanfuighthear innte = before it be meddled with, Proverbs xvii 14.

with ó forms, derives from (gramm.): cia an t-éntuillréim dég iollraidh ó nach beantur samhlughadh amhuil, IGT Introd. § 2. ? aer o bard benar, Laws v 228.28 .

2 escaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 escaid or dil.ie/20414
Last Revised: 2013

 

n (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 606 ; Vendryes, RC xlv 167 - 170 ; Celtica iii 171-72 ) cleansing (esp. of removing vermin): oc escaid a lēne, TBC-I¹ 1118 . ní talla a leni de acht mad fria...nighi nó eascaith, Ériu vii 140.19 . ben ic aiscid a chind, IT ii1 181.196 . Ériu ii 22.23 . can aisce coisi na chinn (on Sunday), O'D. 1948 .

1 glám

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 glám or dil.ie/25963
Last Revised: 2013

 

n ā, f.

I Abstract

(a) satire, a lampoon, a censure : glām ... ab eo quod est clamor .i. escaine, Corm. Y 695 . indsa glām de doiduine, 450 . glam gér .i. ainmedh i t' agaid ┐ ecnairc, O'Dav. 1430 . Aer ocus Aithis ... Glam ocus Griss ocus Goirturiathar (fictitious names), Anecd. ii 63.1 . Cf. RC xxiv 280.19 . trí gáire dimbuaid do ḟlaith: gāir glám dia guin ... `the shout of satires to wound him,' Ériu ix 46 § 10 . da saoradh ar ghuth na glaimhe sin, BNnÉ 163 § 30 . glāime gonadh, ACL iii 297 § 50 . fa ma roluinne fria ngrōmadh | gusnaib glāmaibh ? 294 § 3 . dreach Mhogha fá ghrís ghlámha, ML 144.19 . trí drude denma glam ngér, LU 10547 . rosnesart co nglamaib ainmhechaibh, BB 368a27 . Glám dícenn (dígenn) an extempore satire, a kind of metrical malediction, which was believed to produce a blemish or blister on the face of the person satirised, see RC xx 421. For the manner of its composition see IT iii 96 - 7 ; Manners and Customs ii 216 seq . Each class of poets had its proper glám dícenn, see RC xii 120 - 1 ; IT iii loc. cit. It was composed in the metre of the `laíd': laid ... no leódh .i. gerradh ... ar is fuirre dogníther in glamh digind, O'D. 1202 ( H 2.15A, p. 81b ). IT iii 96 § 155 . dognī Nēide glām ṅdicend dō, co toralæ teoræ bulgæ for a grūaidibh, Corm. Y 698 . ar con derntáis téor(a) ǽra ... ┐ teora glamma dícend, go tócbaitís teora bolga bar a agid, TBC-LL¹ 3019 . in glaim dicend .i. in tuba n-ainme no in lesanmad, Laws i 240.20 Comm. tri ruighlis ollamhan filidh .i. glám diginn ┐ glas gabháil ┐ tobach do tuathaib, O'D. 1196 ( H 2.15A, p. 79b ). glamfa iman nglaim ndigend, Laws iii 92.12 . ┐ in glam diccind, v 234.8 Comm. g s. ro fhoslaic D. a bél do denamh gláimhe díginn d'Aedh, BNnÉ 37 § 66 . na glaime dicinde, RC xii 307 - 8 ; xx 421.16 . filidh dia n-āir ┐ glāim n-dícind, MacCongl. 45.z . See further RC xii 90 § 115 ; xxiv 278 . LL 187b10 . LB 238(c)b21 . O'Curry 2134 - 6 .

Compds. ¤aithisach reviling: goirt-bhriathra gera glám-aithisecha geoin, MR 124.2 . ¤gabáilche: fallscadh glam-gabailchi Aibartaich, BB 259a4 = YBL 178b48 .

(b) outcry, clamour:

(1) of persons: atá sunn cen nach ngláim ṅglé | eter da láim th'inginé, SR 5995 . bae in ri, fo glámaib gne | do dálaib a aisliṅgthe (of Pharaoh's dream), 3277 . cen gláma gné, 263 . fri glamma gné, 6383 .

(2) of animals and things: ba samalta ri gláim con allmaraig barking, yelping , LL 266b18 ( MU² 611 ). Gláimh (name of a dog), Oss. iv 210.6 . As vn.: ag gláimh goláin gac[h] neóin (of dogs), Oss. iv 174.6 . cluig ag gláimh 's ag beícidh dinning, iii 260.2 .

Compd. ag glamghoil gach maidin (of a dog), iv 174.19 . See also gloimm.

II Of persons, usu. pl., a satirist: fáitte Medb na drúith ┐ na glámma ┐ na crúadgressa, TBC-LL¹ 3017 . Cf. 1737 . glámma ┐ cliara, RC xiv 412 § 25 . glamha gruaide, SG 28.8 ; 27.37 . a foirghneamha forslaicthe ar chinn cliar ocus coinneamh, greas ocus glamh, MR 102.z . a scold: glámh garbh-ghothach greadhnach grod-fhoclach, TSh. 6626 . In late texts used like `dám' of a company or group of people in general: ris an ngláim nglifidhigh, nglonnmair `by that howling, furious crew,' Cog. 114.24 . dream nach diultadh gláimh uim aisce , Ó Bruad. ii 52.7 . With defining gen. : glāim gilla ūasail a satirical youngster, MacCongl. 87.4 .

1 les

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 les or dil.ie/29990

 

Forms: lessu, leas, lesmac, lesmac

n u, m. a pl. lessu, Wb. 27a28 . leas m., IGT § 95 (127.14) .

(a) The earliest meaning, exemplified particularly in the Laws, seems to be relief, redress, remedy . les(a) airechta redress obtainable through court proceedings. Hence also cause, case; affair, matter : is dithre o lesaib airechta is excluded from redress in the assembly, Laws i 84.12 . is luga ro sailter leas airechta an aide do denam di iar n-aís diailtre (a reason why fosterage fee is higher for a girl than for a boy), O'Curry 281 ( H 3.18, 151 ). athgabāil arindī atgaib cāch a less treithe, Corm. Y 50 . no ainfaind-se al an dalai n-ai, acht is andsa dondni do-boing; is he a l.¤ anas it is his relief that is delayed, Laws i 250.22 . im saige lesa suing for redress (after a killing), O'D. 563 ( H 3.17, 440 ). ní gaibiut athgabháil ima lesa, O'D. 183 ( H 3.17 150 ). secht n-athgabala . . . nacon toibget lesa which do not exact redress, Laws v 254.2 . fris tobug cach a l.¤ .i. resi toibgenn nech in ni dligius, i 256. 6 , 10 Comm . na deoradha ┐ na murchuirthe . . . nocha n-indlighthech nemurfaemad a toicheda . . . cid ima l.¤ uodein, cid im l.¤ neich eile whether it be for their own relief or for the relief of another, 86.23 Comm . cach duine um a l.¤ fadeisin, v 284.5 . less coitchenn la F. insin do cāch, a less fesin immurgu dognī F., ZCP vii 300. 26 - 27 = Ériu xiii 46.22 . arda-lesaib labrait(h)er cirt coir `die für ihre Sache reden', ZCP xiv 379 § 43 ( Laws ii 306.4 ). asbér fris do lesu amuil bid leam fén in ceist I will plead your case, O'D. 945 ( H 3.17, 662 ). tacrait-si far less! ol olldam state your case, Anecd. iii 27.17 . cealla . . . o nach acrait airchindig a leasa `do not sue for their claims', Laws v 118.10 . tacra im leas mna nad eta urlabra, tacra la fear nad airbir a leass a n-airecht who does not plead his own case, 252.10 - 11 . atat .iii. [meth] fesa do rig, a fuirired, a faigthe, a dligid . . . a dliged adsuidet lesa . . . co nach mbi ┐c. his due which claims establish(?), O'Curry 805 ( H 3.18, 373a ). ríi túaithe di[b] feraib deacc do lessaib túaithe i.e. when he is engaged on the affairs of the `túath', Críth G. 598 (opp. to fria thaiscidi `for his private affairs'). gell slógad, gell rechtge, gell cairddi; ar it l(i)essa túaithe huli insin, 507 . dá ḟer deac dano dám epscuip do les[s]ib ecalsa ┐ túaithe, 600 . breithem tuaithe fri l.¤ tuaithe, ┐ breithemh fri l.¤ eclaisi, O'D. 535 ( H 3.17, 432 ). cisne lesa donaibh sen tascnat treise? Sloged, cis . . . fuba ┐ ruba, meth feise la rig . . . rot, ramat . . . matter, affair(?), Laws i 230.21 . ni daim enecland anadh cach l.¤ bes dir aurfognum ┐ imchongnum, 228.17 . ba imned la Fráech cen acallaim na ingine, sech ba hé less nod ṁbert, TBFr. 156 . o rogleset in l.¤ frisa tancatar when they had settled the matter for which they came, Lism. L. 2030. Cf. leas .i. cúis no caingean . . . gléodh gacha leasa .i. criochnughadh, no glanadh gach cúise, O'Cl.

In phrases with vbb. do-gní l.¤ x acts in the interests of x, looks after x: ach be nach aile dorona a lesa .i. . . . ni fagbuit neach eile dfechiumnus a caingin i n-aisce , Laws ii 86.y . dognim less na n-anm[ann]a I look after, SR 1196 . ingen Echdach oc báig mo marbtha frim . . . uair nach dēnaim a ll.¤ frit-so, Fing. R. 50 . rap áil do Choin Chulaind less Ulad do denam, LL 9942 ( TBC-LL¹ 2881 ). indis scēla dūinne, ar siat, ┐ dodēnum do l.¤ in cach conuir ambeir, RC x 180.18 . tri fichit rigan . . . / bátar acum i n-aoinḟecht / do[gh]nínn a leasa uili, Acall. 504. Cf. ar nī dēin a l.¤ intī saltras in lā dognī he who walks (thereon) does not prosper the day he does it, ACL iii 225.31 . gé go ttainic mé as / ní dearnadh mo leas san lá, Duan. F. ii 368 § 26 .

Also do-gní do x: Corr Derce . . . / do Ḟothud dogní ard-less, Metr. Dinds. iv 122.14 . do rinne leas nó díoth dhúinn `for our weal or woe it was', PBocht 27.11 .

ro-icc l.¤ see s.v. ro-icc. Add: In RSClára the phr. is usually ro-icc do l.¤ Also once in Carsw.: gach uair dá rigfe sé do leas é whenever he shall need it, 156 . na halmsana . . . do roinn . . . ar an druing ricces do l.¤ (unto those who have need), RSClára fo. 110a . an tan regar do l.¤ leis na Sethruibh a ṡamhail so do ṡáothar do dhénamh, fo. 116a . innach rigend an bhanab náid na Sethracha bráithre túata do l.¤ (where the Abbesse and the Sisters have no need of lay Brothers), fo. 90a . Cf. also ro-s-furic a less in coimdiu (Dominus his opus habet), PH 4373.

Cf. ríachtanas a l.¤ : gidh sochaidhi ita ina riachtanas a leas, Laws iv 162 n . in duine bís it riachtanus do lesa who needs you, O'D. 676 ( H 3.17, 495 ). ro-riachtanus a leas an bídh, O'D. 521 ( H 3.17 423 ). See also s.v. ríachtanas.

fri l.¤ x engaged upon x's affairs : gad ar techtaire .i. re l.¤ fir bunaid rucait on the business of the owner(?), Laws v 492.4 - 5 Comm . ceit[h]re trīr, trī cet[h]ruir, / cuibde re gach l.¤ no matter what activity they are engaged on(?), Ériu i 39 § 6 (`fit for every need'). Ualer lem rom lessaib, Gorm. 14 . mad cumma ech ┐ ech, / . . . / madat comlūatha frim l.¤ , ZCP viii 217 § 2 . ní lim-sa nach carthair, / uair it ráe rem léas (: a ndeas), RC vi 177.100 . inmain triar . . . / ragus lemsa ar chenn in bhuair / inmain triar . . . / do ragat lemsa rom (leg. rem) l.¤ , SG 382.9 . a nglacadh go lompuisneach re na l.¤ , (to take the bare use of them), RSClára fo. 147a . ? inniss dam gach dal ret leass, / co nderntar lim do leges, IT i 123.13 ( TE 9 Eg.).

(b) advantage, good, benefit, profit, interest : ni ar less ro bói and gl. quod erat contrarium nobis, Wb. 27a18 . ni táirci lessu utmille `restlessness causes not benefits', 28 . is oc bar less ataat `they are benefiting you', 25c16 . ni aurdallat dāna sona na maíne mára na lessa for lubra léim, ZCP xi 94 § 31 (Audacht Morainn). nī fess coich less coich amless, 84 § 32 (do.). ni fes cuich l.¤ cúich amles, LU 10822 . aithne eich techtaire fri himrim a leasa `for his [sc. the owner's] benefit', Laws v 190.18 . cech airchindech fritái in[na] (sic leg. ?) lessa who opposes (the granting of) these benefits (ref. to the cleaning of oratory and graveyard and the supplying of altar vessels), Ériu i 219 § 7 . is í dias as dech fail i nHerind im less a tigernae, LU 7692 ( BDD² 1220 ). na tiagat ceím forddail acht ammar as dess ┐ as less, LL 189b41 . na légid bar leas do lot `your interests', Cog. 122.28 . cen chessacht lessa begrudging (another's) good fortune(?), Ériu iii 96 § 5 (`wailing after prosperity'). ar daig lessa sochaide, PH 7991 . robé l.¤ Dē ┐ a choimnesa isna cosaib-sea, ACL iii 232.x . mās é a leas a luadh go grod if it is to her advantage(?), Celtica iv 120 § 39 . eochoir leasa `the key of profit', Studies 1918, 98 § 2 . ar tí mo leasa intending my good, Dán Dé xix 2 . madh é a aimhleas, madh é a leas, TD 4.40 . l.¤ ┐ líth advantage and prosperity : ic tairdeilb do lessa-su ┐ do lítha, TBC-LL¹ 216. o thanic mo ṡiur aness / nocon ḟétaim less na líth, LL 208b26 . as cómhairle ar l.¤ ┐ ar lith Uladh an chomhairle sin, ITS v 8.20 . dia forroghena rīghdha ēcnairc / hi lantt leasaibh (? = hi lesaibh lann on behalf of churches), ZCP viii 198 § 23. ? ní léir leo leas a fighe / aos aitheanta ar gceirdi-ne, Content. xxii 17n .

ar l.¤ x for the benefit of x: leasaighthear libh ar leas cháich / sguird gheal an ghréasa neamhghnáith, Aithd. D. 3.2 . ar a leas nó i n-aghaidh Airt, DDána 100.26 . bheith dé Luain ar mo leas-sa `to defend me on Doomsday', Dán Dé iv 6 . na biodhbhaidh nach bia ar mo leassa `the band set to ruin me', PBocht 24.5 . go ngabhann fearg . . . an liaigh ris, ar a leas, an tan bhíos ag diúltadh aneith budh mhaith dhó do ghlacadh, TSh. 8250. Also ar l.¤ do x; [is] ar leas doib icar tar a ceand `for their good', Laws v 184.1 Comm .

In moral sense: tol Meic Dé cech a ndena / iss e do less rochuala, LL 19086 . do inchoisc a lessai dóib, Mon. Tall. § 23 (135.15) . a n-imtheacht do badh hé ar leas / na seacht róid-se . . . (of ways leading Heavenward), Dán Dé vi 12 . nach creidfeadh briathra Dé ná teagasg a leasa, TSh. 1653.

Especially l.¤ anma: ní l.¤ anma ar sui ardon condíath .i. ni fil ocund nech lessaiges . . . ar n-anmain, LU 583 ( ACC 12 ). bad less do anmae dogné, ná bad less do chuirp, Ériu iii 106 § 48 . ar ghrádh Dé . . . ┐ ar l.¤ a hanma (for the health of her soule), RSClára fo. 67a . Cf. Sentainne ┐ Senbachlach / rop seis srofais a crínḟess / acht nocon adrat Mac Dé / nocon ḟagbat a primless, LL 22273.

Attrib. gen. rop soraid in sét-sa, / rop sét lessa im lámaib profitable, Ériu vi 112 § 1 . lucht lesa supporters, advocates : gémadh maith mo lucht leasa / t'ucht deassa ní mhaith meise, PBocht 21.15 . lucht leasa don bhanḟáidh `favorers', TD 21.23 (votaries ?). mo lucht leasa, DDána 30.9 . For lóg lessa see lóg.

(c) usual hospitality provided for guests (as opp. e.g. to `fled' for special guests): boi leor l.¤ oiged .i. robo leor no lesaiged aegedu, LU 928 ( ACC 79 ). boi l.¤ lán .i. boe-seom co tabrad a lánl.¤ do cach, LU 926 - 7 ( ACC 78 ). ceathrur do dus . . . / is triur fri fleada filed, / dias for coe, . . . / is fria leass a aenuran, Auraic. 2246 . dias for fleadhaibh, . . . / oen coe, oen leas roghnathach, 2250 . cétadaig aigidechta duni do thig a cheli conid lánbiathad dliges iarum in n-aidchi-sin . . . Gnáthl.¤ im̄. dó cech tan rachas o sain immach. ní dlig acht leth-biathad, LL 187a48 . cia lin dam na firfhiled / . . . / for gnathlessaib, for fledaib, Auraic. 2222. See also s.v. gnáth.

(d) care(?); manure(?) (see Dinneen , s.v. leas): an treabhadh ar nech téid leas / ní hé trá as taosga gheineas, DDána 121.3 (`the uncared field', Ir. Monthly 1923, 586 § 3 ).

The follg. exx. are obscure: ar cid a lles issa llūam nott-lūathar air, ZCP viii 104.2 . nam iarrair cosin nalaide cúlaid di maith (.i. dirorben) lessa ar fechtaib, LU 5500 ( TBC-I¹ 1020 rhet.). ré bliadna nir luaid l.¤ / cruaid lé ┐ tiamda a torrches good fortune did not move it(?) (of a delayed birth), LL 7110 (line one syllable short). timpān ri cotlud! ar cách, / l.¤ cecha samna, gním gnáth the special advantage(?), Fianaig. 46 § 6 (`the practice at each Hallowe'en'). lesdruim .i. leas uait [┐ fris] cucut, no leatarsna darin druim bis aicmi muine, Auraic. 988 . sona go ttigit leasa `all is well till claims arise'(?), Duan. F. ii 134 § 40.

Compds. These seem to suggest the meaning substitute, not properly belonging(?) (usually with pejorative sense): ¤ainm nickname, sobriquet : gach frithainme .i. l. a n-aighi a cheile, O'Curry 1763 ( 23 Q 6, 36a ). mifocul mna dia raile .i. in drochfocul do beir in ben ar a cheili im a l., Laws i 148.6 Comm . im on lesanma, 236.28 . tubu n-ainme no l., ii 156.19 Comm . l. lenus (one of the seven kinds of satire for which `díre' was exacted), v 228.26 . mac na mbachlach cusna lesanmannaib, LL 13153 ( ScM. 12 ). ní l. dait . . . Cú Chulaind inappropriate name, LU 8146 ( FB 11 ). ó tócbhail a nGulban gairb / lenaidh don laech an l. / Conull . . . Gulban, Irish Texts ii 6 § 4 . ¤anmad vn. formation from preced.: in glaim dicenn, .i. in tuba n-ainme, no in l., Laws i 240.21 Comm . ¤athair: lesathair ┐ lesmāthair, Corm. Y 798 . ¤chlann stepchildren: raba miscais léside a leschland, LL 218a26 ( TTr. 86 ). idir fhiorchlainn ┐ leaschlainn na heagluisi, Luc. Fid. 2815 . ¤macc stepson: lesmac gl. priuignus, Thes. ii 231.13 . l. .i. prius genitus gl. priuignus, Sg. 38b6 . lesmac, Corm. Y 798 . robo lesmac di é, LU 319 ( ACC Introd. ). lesmac ecalse an undutiful son, ACL iii 313 § 13 . feochoir mo luan rem lesmac, 310 vii § 1 (B. na f.). Tiberius .i. l.¤ Augusti , Rawl. B 503, fo. 7a (Plummer MS. notes). ¤máthair stepmother: lesmāthair, Corm. Y 798 . l.¤ gl. nouerca, Ir. Gl. 48 . huairi cotusaisi a les-mathair on nogatad si cach ni isin thig do cheilib Dé (of Brigit), Irish Texts i 5.9 . breth lettrom lesmathar, LL 4531. Fig. leasmháthair na subháilceadh an conách (noverca), TSh. 8337.

sreth(n)aigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sreth(n)aigid or dil.ie/38807
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: sreth(n)ugad

v (sreth)

I Trans.

(a) Glossing sernaid, sreth (sense in some exx. obscure): ar ind hi as ceatharda fo fera son, Laws i 258.16 .i. ar in ni is cethardha srethnaidhther uirri ann so `because four things are charged upon it here', 270.x Comm . (misreading of text or text now faulty?). cach sreth . . . cach ni srethnaigter and do mindlestraib na cerdcha, iii 192.1 Comm . (in meaning (b) infra. See sreth). enechlog, | iar slechtaib saer sernar, iii 536.13 .i. logh enech do fo indrucus iar naisneis in tair ro sr[e]athnaiged air after the relating of the insult which has been laid on him (?), 538.13 Comm . (with tár as subj. instead of enechlóg as in text). is é ní sre[th]nai[g]ther d'faillsiugh forin conair fuigill is fior `zugrunde gelegt wird' (is listed, adduced?), glossing sreth faillsigthi na conairi fugill is fir, Cóic Con. 16 § 3 . siachdudar sin bretha sertatar do ciolur .i. ro sreathnaighsed na deo daile (beodaile?) bas anaighid araile, O'Curry 2254 ( Eg. 88, 18 (19)d ). ar cach saeth sretha[ib] sina .i. rom-didna ar cach ṅgalar intí riasa ro-[shr]ethnigtis na sina, ACC 107 ( RC xx 278 ). sāerbrud imberbthar bunad cach sofis searnar īarndliged . . . .i. . . . bunad cacha deghfesa .i. imhas na Bōindi sretnaighther īaram co dligthech is spread abroad (?), Anecd. v 26 n. 22 . Cf. ailiu seinm sernair [imbed] n-imbais . . . .i. srethnaighther no gabtair imad sofis dun, O'Dav. 1444 (cf. Ériu xiii 40 , and sreth immais s.v. sreth). coire sofis sernar dliged cacha dāna .i. srethnaithir dliged cacha dána as, Anecd. v 23 n. 19 . aracain aracanair .i. is cāintsrethnaighter sium gellad do cách ┐ cāintsrethnaighter gellad dō ō cāch, 27 n. 19 . foraig foragar .i. intī fuirghius in filid fuirgitsim oca .i. is taithnemach srethnuighes a aisce cōir do denum do cách, 27 n. 20 . Neimhedh rosern (ros-ern?) im ratha .i. nó íocadh no sreathnaigheadh tuarastal forra imposed a stipend on them, Leb. Gab.(i) 100 n. 1 . ro sern cech sín .i. ro sreathnuigh no ro sccaoil, 162 n. 6 (in meaning (b) infra).

(b) In general sets in order, disposes, spreads out, disperses, scatters : ro srethaig sosad . . . do aes . . . athirge arranged a dwelling for the repentant, SR 577 . rosrethaig tolgdail triath tenn | . . . | os cech dándíne (David) convened (?), 6701 . sīrechtach rosrethnaiged | a seōl ndobrōin for Ēre the veil of woe has been spread over Ireland, Bruchst. i 47 § 105 . .xl. is a cheathair coir | ro sreathaigh Breassail settled (of a colony), BB 56a11 . rath i cuitriud .i. rath do beir flaith cuidridh sr[e]athnaighes a rath for curu who distributes his fief according to contracts (?), O'D. 1007 ( H 2.15A, 15b ). a sreathnaighther in t-ith in which the corn is spread out (saball), Laws i 140.10 Comm . ? is impusin sretha[ig]set in re ciata imairget `that the first battlefield ever fought was assembled', 154.25 Comm . dosuidhighedh ┐ dosrethnaigedh in tsealg leó fo fheadhuibh ┐ fo fhāsaigib was distributed, Fianaig. 52.9 . ro shern ┐ ro shrethnaigh a amhsa . . . for bernadhaibh baoghail `distributed and stationed', AFM vi 2326.25 . do shr[e]athnuigh sé ór air na cherubinibh `spread', 1 Kings vi 32 . sreathnocha mé íad, Jerem. ix 16 .

II Intrans. spreads, settles : is ann do srethnuidhdar sa cclann dhá neisi | an fonn sin ionnar sretnuidhdar | is uatha h-anmnither na Deisi, LL 396.13 . do sreathnuigh sinn ar gach gleann, Oss. vi 102.11 . don tshluagh ro shreathaigh 'mun trāigh, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) i 243.7​ . dosrethnaigedh in tsealg leó fo fheadhuibh ┐ fo fhāsaigib, Fianaig. 52.9 .

Note also: donn .i. cuirm, ut est siris donn dibeoil .i. srethnaigi[d] in donn .i. in linn, do urlabra do neoch `serves (?)', O'Dav. 666 . ri rosrethaig, sróenaib slamm, | do rethaib roenaib retlann arranged, disposed, SR 269 .

Part. go cineadh sreathnuighthe `scattered', Isaiah xviii 2 . ? cethir chét cethirriad sernta srethnaigt[h]i co serraib iarnaidib `Sensenwagen', Alex. 566 (perh. g s. of vn.).

Vn. sreth(n)ugad.

stáinse

Cite this: eDIL s.v. stáinse or dil.ie/38887
Last Revised: 2013

 

n (AN estanche, Risk 644 ) staff, shepherd's crook : fuair ó Phan gach aisce b'fhéidir | s.¤ stiúrtha chúig cúige i n-éinfheacht `a staff', O'Rah. xxvi 134 .

2 úr

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 úr or dil.ie/43210
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: úr-colann

adj o-ā fresh, new :

(a) of fields, hills , etc.: loiscther ... na guirt úrai, PH 4242 . cnuic úra `green hills,' TD 26.46 . i bParrthas na mbile n-úr, DDána 38.8 . gur chrann úr an t-athchrann éadtrom, 41.21 . a chroinn túis, gér bh'úr, do críonadh, Keat. Poems 1516 . Fig. a chroinn úir an taraidh thruim (addressed to Virgin Mary), A. Ó Dálaigh xii 7 . leis an ghrian 's an ḟiodhbhadh úr, DDána 38.19 . Fig. a ḟiodhbha úr don ḟréimh ríogh, A. Ó Dálaigh xii 8 . coróin de ḟeor úr, Todd Lect. vi 66 . fige thrébraid fos forri do ḟéraib úra, 67 .

(b) of buildings and places, fair, bright : i gcúirt úir na n-abhall bhfionn, TD 36.10 . a phuirt úir na ngoirmeas nglan, DDána 68.24 . gus an ngormráith n-úir, Ir. Monthly 1919, 283.3 . san ráith ḟoirfe dob úr niamh `bright-hued,' TD 25.2 . abb Achaidh uir (`the Fresh Field, now corruptly Freshford'), AFM i 244.12 . i Lundain úir aigmhéil, TD 36.9 .

(c) of persons (a) noble, generous , (b) fair, active : (a) ionann `úr' ┐ uasal, Metr. Gl. D. 29 . ur .i. uasal, Lec. Gl. M 53 ; O'Cl. an géigbhile úr uallach `active,' Studies 1928, 69.20 . ar sduaigh n-úir ... mBreagh, TD 15.5 . do mhnaoi úir na haislinge `generous,' ML 10.16 . (of an infant) níor léir don bharrthais óg úr | narbh ḟód Parrthais an príosún, DDána 37.11 . an fear úr a shúil do shíneadh, Hackett xxxix 198 . laoich úra ba tréine teisd, Begley-MacCurtin, Introd. poem, § 9 . a bhráthair úir na mBúrcach éachtach, O'Rah. xxxv 49 . Iarla ní'l aici 'en chloinn úir, viii 13 . `inghean úr `fair,' ITS xxiv 110.10 . úr fa generous as regards: úr fá eachaibh is fá ḟíon ... úr fá ór gan suim i gcrodh, D. MacCarrth. 30.21 - 3 . (b) ar mbeith dhó (sc. man) úr re linn a bheatha, TSh. 3802 .

As subst. m.: v s.: a Ghearóid ..., a úir dhóidleabhair dhearccuirr, DDána 67.1 .

(d) applied to various parts of the body, fair, bright : an bhas úr dob fhéile um fhleidh, L. Cl. A. B. 266.23 . a chiabh ... úr, TD 40.9 . fad dhreich n-úir, 2.8 . a ḟabhra úr, DDána 19.2 . fa fholt úr, Ir. Monthly 1919, 400 § 31 . gruaidh úr, TD 25.39 . d'anáir dá ghruaidh ḟaoilidh úir, DDána 17.30 . bile búidh ... | de chuislinn úir Bhrúnach, O'Rah. xiii 108 .

(e) of food, fresh, unsalted (of meat): ūr cech nūa, unde dicitur imm úr, Corm. Y 1270 . im ur do macuibh airiuch, Laws ii 148.21 . do íosadh Odhrán sa tsiuir | a dha measgan ime úir, Ériu v 43z . screpall ar tinde muici, screpall ar muic uir, Laws iii 328.21 . co mucca úra, MacCongl. 99.11 . an t-iasc úr, Corp. Astron. 64.11 ; 70.2 . an roinn úr ba bhreaghtha blas (sc. the manna), Hackett xlii 44 . srubhán úr ... prácáis, O'Rah. 278z = PCT 495 . Of ale : olc an bhraich dá bhfuil | olc a shean 'sa úr, Measgra D. 8.15 . gan fleadh úr, Oss. iii 266.10 .

(f) of clothes, new, bright or fair : mar a bhforáileann Dia ar Chloinn Israel ... éadaighe úra éadtroma do chur iompa ┐ a n-éadaighe arsanta d'fhágbháil, TSh. 6957 .

(g) of wounds, fresh, recent : crann comhachtach na gcneadh n-úr `mighty tree of fresh-bleeding wounds' (sc. the Cross), A. Ó Dálaigh xxxiii 2 . airet bít úra a letartha, CCath. 2500 .

(h) various other applications: ainmne fri cech ndaidbre n-úir unexpected , ZCP vii 498.2 [but perhaps we should read ndúir]. ac Nemed co neim n-úr `of the stark valour,' Metr. Dinds. i 2.7 . tréithe ... úra, O'Rah. xv 270 . geinealach úr an airdríogh, TD 7.49 . gidh fola úr an fholasa `though this is a fresh sin,' PBocht 6.15 . cuaird úr ḟada, TD 34.39 . an séd úr, Studies 1926, 605 . badh iomdha sompla úr ar óireangaibh `a fair figure' (in embroidery), Ir. Monthly 1920, 651 § 15 . gad úr, PCT 609 . comhla d'iarunn úr imreamhar leis, ITS xxiv 130.31 . do-rinne cathraigh ... 'na léibheann úr ghlan gan ghairbhe, DDána 41.5 . longa muinteri C. ... bátar troma, úra, inmalla iatsén, CCath. 1977 . cláir úra a gcomhlaidh ga cur | ag foghlaidh Dhúna D., IGT, Decl. ex. 1262 . drong ar spallmaibh úra ag guidhe `on cold flags,' O'Rah. x 15 .

(i) of horses, fresh, active : mac Aodha na n-echradh n-úr, IGT, Decl. ex. 540 . Cf. dobérsa tré dia na ndúl | ainim it eachaib co húr anew (?) SG 26.35 .

(j) contrasted with crín withered: auis linga .i. ur ┐ crin, ACL i 336.117 . See 3 úr.

Compar. and superl.: bíaidh a fheóil ní is ūire ná feóil leinibh, Job xxxiii 25 . ó nach féadaimsi aisce is úire | i n-íoc ar n-ósta `any fitter present,' Ó Bruad. i 92.17 . an grás achd gidh é as úire `latest,' PBocht 3.33 .

n (l) Compds.: with subst.: ¤arm a new weapon : búdh slán é ó úr-armaib, Misc. Hag. Hib. 113.1 . ¤barr fair-(tree) top (fig.): a Mhoire ... a chraobh bheatha, a úrbharr fhiar, DDána 19.1 . ¤bert bright garb : gabh umad th'úir bheart iarainn, DDána 97.34 . ¤bethe a fresh birch tree: ō rāncus sealad sīs isin tochailt frīth fuil ┐ duille ūrbethe ann, ZCP viii 559z . ¤bríathar fair word: treascartha gan aithne gan úirbhréithre, Ó Bruad. iii 2z . ¤brúcht: do-bheir bolaidh bog dreoighte ar a úrbhrúchtaibh, O'Rah. xxxviii 40 . ¤charna fresh meat : Ériu viii 122.14 . ¤chlocat a bright helmet : sciath nirt, is úrchlogad óir (fig. of a chief), O'Rah. xxxvi 20 . ¤chnó a fair nut : (fig.) tri húrchna is uaisle mogail, Studies 1925, 253 . ¤chnoc a fair hill : go roicheadar ur-chnoc Liadhais, Oss. vi 20 . ¤choll green hazel : is stúaga urchuill congabat mo bratt torom, TBC-LL¹ 4708 . ¤cholainn a fair body : úr-colann, `frisch von Leibe,' ZCP i 123.16 . ¤chrann a green tree: ar an úrchrann ttoraidh, Parrth. Anma 393.14 . meathaidh mes ar úrchrannuibh., L. Cl. A. B. 263.158 . ¤chré verdant clay : craobh chnuais do fhás a húirchriaidh, 257. 146 . ¤chride a generous, noble heart : do laoch Liathmhuine as oighir ar úrchroidhe, 147.38 . ¤chulenn green holly : co bfhuil na crand úrcuilind, BCC § 132 . ¤chuma: air na heagar ┐ ar na h-úrchuma do líoguibh, ITS xxiv 44.28 . ¤ela a fair swan : (fig.) a úir-eala, a Aibhilín (: clúimh-fheadha), Ir. Monthly 1919, 343.67 . ¤feóil fresh meat : cona betis cen hurfeóil, SR 4628 . la heasbhaidh úirḟeola, AFM vi 2210.3 . ¤fled a noble feast : a bhfeacas riamh ag P., | do úirḟleadhaibh, Oss. iii 266.16 . ¤fuil noble blood : d'úrḟuil ríogh, O'Rah. xxvi 179 . ¤géc a green branch : ar úirghéig ... an bhile, Oss. iii 154.4 . ¤gort a green field : don úr-ghort Ír seo, Keat. Poems 850 . ¤gruth fresh curds : Hib. Min. 49.6 . ¤iarann, ¤iarn new iron : gabhal trom úiriarruinn fair, Feis Tighe Chonáin 650 . an lorg-fhearsad úriarainn, ITS xxiv 120.15 . ag barredh úirierna a n-each, ZCP ii 359.6 . ¤imm fresh butter : brechtan urimme `a roll of fresh butter' Hib. Min. 49.22 . etir mescana urimme, MacCongl. 121.38 . ¤lethar untanned leather or hide : fuath-rog ... urleathair, CF 199 . bróga bréana úirleathair, PCT 105 = O'Rah. 268.22 . ¤lúachair fresh rushes : feis ar osarleabaidh urluachra, ZCP viii 550.22 . cossair leptha úrluachra, TBC-LL¹ 3586 . ra hecrait áine ┐ urluachra fóthib, 114 . ro esráit tigi ... do áin ┐ do úrlúachair, RC xiv 414 § 28 . ¤mac noble, generous son : a úr-mhic d'ḟulaing sciuirse ... nár dtaobh, S. Clárach 1012 . ¤mag a green plain : O'Dunghalaigh, ... | d'urmagaibh a buird blaithréidh, Top. Poems 110.20 . ¤máille a bright coat of mail : lí an óir ar a húrmháille, L. Cl. A. B. 98.144 . an deisi ara mbí ór no urmháille, 46.5 . ¤manchaine (?) : cenel F., tra, is la Cormac a n-urmaíncínní, BB 234b16 = Irish Texts iii 5 . ¤móin fresh turf or peat : dā fhót do úrmónaid, MacCongl. 15.3 . in dí fōt úrmónad, 20 . ¤nenaid fresh nettles : dlai do hurnenaid, Hib. Min. 72 . ¤ór raw, unprocessed (?) gold ( Studies on Early Ireland 116 ): fine Chrecraige ind úr-óir, Metr. Dinds. ii 46.21 . ¤saill fresh bacon : enbruithe n-úrshaille, TBFr. § 19 . toocht senshaille ┐ toocht ursaille, MacCongl. 117.26 - 7 . ¤scríbad fair writing : in recht ... ar na hecur ┐ ar n-a húrscríbad do laim ... in Duilemun, BB 241a38 . ¤scoth a fresh flower : (fig.) an plúr-bhruinneal bínn d'úr sgoth na nGaoidheal, Munster Poets (1860) 58.2 . ¤slat a green branch : (fig.) in úrshlat do fhreaimh F. `the green scion,' Hard. ii 288 . ¤stiall: úirstiall straipe a dhúibh-liath teangan, O'Rah. xxxviii 41 . ¤súglach: úrshughlach, `a fresh secretion,' O'Rah. xxxviii 30 . ¤thalam: ni faichter ... | ... fás áir [leg. air ?] ar úrthalmhain, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 19.33 . ¤theine a bright fire: samalta ... ra oíblib úrtheined a gnúis, LL 266b1 ( MU 30 ).

(b) with adj.: ¤ard fresh and tall : essair úrard úrluachra, LL 253b24 . ¤bláthach: aránach, úrbhláthach, PCT 771 . ¤chas fair and curly : ulcha úrchas, LL 237b11 . ¤chraíbach fair and curly : sreabh re labhra léghthórach | do ḟer th'abhra úrchráobhach, IGT, Decl. ex. 1302 . ¤chroidech stout-hearted : taoibh le fearaibh úrchroidhech, Munster Poets (1860) 164.4 . aigeantach urchróidheach, Hard. i p. 20 . ¤fedmach: léigid úaidhi in sleigh seadhmhair | go mac Oisín úirfheadhmaigh, Duan. F. ii 52 § 74 . ¤garb: arán omh úrgharbh eorna, PCT 52 . ¤gégach having fresh branches : slán ó Albain úir-ghéagaigh, Studies 1927, 89.22 . ¤glas fresh and green : go mbiodh ... luibhe iomda ... ur-glas fedh na bliadna, BNnÉ 165.31 . go mbiodh creamh ... ur-glas fedh na bliadna, ib., § 39 . é úr-ghlas ar maidin sul bheantar é (sc. the grass), TSh. 3801 . táid scaoth bheach ag túirling ar ghéagaibh is úrghlas, O'Rah. xxx 5 . ¤nocht bright and unsheathed : muinntir Fhinn na n-arm n-úrnocht, Duan. F. ii 62 § 9 . ¤oíbind fresh and pleasant : a n-oiléan áluinn úraoibhinn, ITS xxiv 94.7 . sléibhte ... úraoibhne, 2.9 . ¤thesctha freshly cut or severed : a heirscibh urtescthaibh, CCath. 963 . eirrsci omha úirtescdha, 6085 .

(c) rarely with vb.: ¤lúachraid strews with fresh rushes: pret. pass.: do hesradh ┐ do húrlúachradh in tech n-óla ar a gcind, Fianaig. 54.32 . do hurluachradh Sidh ... an Bhrodha, Ériu xi 189.6 . vn.: an tigh sin ar na eagar ┐ ar na úr-luachradh de chaonnach an tsléibhe, ITS i 112.4 .