Search Results

Your search returned 36 result(s).

1 acht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 acht or dil.ie/200
Last Revised: 2019

(freq. act in O. Ir. glosses). See GOI § 908 . Later ach.

I As prep. with accus. (see Ériu xvii 79 , ZCP xxv 237 , Ériu lx 137-42 )

(a) save, except (lit. outside, Thurn.): cách act tiamthe `every one save Timothy', Wb. 23d5 . bacc de echaib a.¤ serrchu, Laws ii 118.9 . a.¤ cuit naige fine, iv 194.26 . roslechtsat do Patric a.¤ cóicḟir all except five bowed to P., Trip.² 1652 . fiche a.¤ sé bliadna i.e. 14 years, LL 15069 . ar di-legad síl Dubthaig Daīl ... acht claind Moathaire 'for [all] the descendants of Dubthach the Beetle were destroyed ... except for the kindred of Mothaire', Aided Echach 96 §4 (g) (h) . di-legath síl Dubthig Dōeltengath and act cethra conchuiriu, Aided Echach 94 § 1​ . achd ré n-aithrighe d'fhagháil save that there was time for repentance, DDána 64.9 .

(b) More freq. after neg. vb. as in: act aní ropridchussa dúib (nothing) save gl. nihil . . . sapietis, Wb. 20b4 . nand asse díchenglad cor mbél . . . inge (acht, MS) nóe curu it is not proper to dissolve contracts . . . except for nine contracts . . . Ériu xvii 66 §§ 4 , 5 .

(c) Hence in sense of Engl. only, merely , etc. (cf. Fr. ne . . . que): ar ni arilsem-ni act dígail for we have deserved only punishment, Wb. 20d14 . ni bí nach dethiden foir act fognam do día his only care is to serve God, 10b9 . ni gessid . . . act búaid precepte, 26a34 . nicon chloor act for caínscél, 23b41 . connaccon bet a.¤ degnimai less so that he may have only good works, Ml. 129a9 . ní rádat som a.¤ bréic ┐ togaís they speak only lies and deceit, 31a18 . in tan nád techtat a.¤ oin aimsir `when they have only one time', Sg. 5a10 . nī fūar a ssēt a.¤ Maire `I have found not her like save Mary', Thes. ii 349.4 (Hy. v). a.¤ fo thri nico rotroisci M. `that M. never fasted but thrice', Mon. Tall. 157.5 (§ 72) muna bed a.¤ don dornsann ní himtecar la suidaib, Laws iv 158.5 . nach ístais biad . . . a.¤ biad Conchobair, IT i 75.15 . conna-ruc a.¤ oīnchois ūaim, Sc.M² 12 . ni boi arm la Hiruath . ... a.¤ bocṡlaitt moir, PH 850 (a.¤ bocslat mor, v.l., ZCP xiv 147.7 ). na déantar lámh dhearg a.¤let none but her be outlawed(?) Dán Dé ix 9 . nach fuil a.¤ talam ┐ luaith san cholainn daonna nothing but earth and ashes, TSh. 432 . gan a.¤ mac tíre 'na sesamh rena brollach only a wolf standing at her breast (instead of her own calf), BNnÉ 164 § 34 . Note also: dearna a láimhe a.¤ a lámh oile / clár do b'áilne snoidhe sain, DDána 32.22 , where a neg. is implied (see notes).

(d) With emphasising nammá, amáin: a.¤ comparit neutair nammá gl. non inuenitur nisi neutri generis, Sg. 41a8 . act seircc ndée tantum (= nammá) gl. non quaerit quae sua sunt, Wb. 12c2 . a.¤ nammá renders Lat. nisi forte, 9d21 , 12c32 . a.¤ éolas nammá, TBFr. 392 . ní thérna díb a.¤ oenchóicer namá, BDD² 1494 . teach . . . cen dorus . . . a.¤ seinistir ┐ forleas namá a house without any door but a window and skylight only, 81 . a.¤ dá angel amáin ní bátar and, LL 291a3 . ní bhí a.¤ an moladh amháin / ní don domhan a.¤ díoláimh `save praise alone', TD 31.8 . a.¤ trōcaire Dé amhāin, Fl. Earls 134.20 .

(e) So also with follg. mad (cf. acht má as conjunction infra): a.¤ mad a claind `unless it be her (own) children' (gl. docere autem mulieri non permitto), Wb. 28b13 . ni ruc . . . claind . . . a.¤ mad óeningin, IT i 130.14 . nád aithgainethar . . . a.¤ mad indred n-indligthech, Críth G. 564 . noco ria nech dib ar éc . . . a.¤ mad Essu ┐ Caleb, SR 4732 . a.¤ mad aenfer, Anecd. i 63 § 115 . indis dam firindi, riam nucha n-ebartais a.¤ mad guth ceart, Fen. 156.21 . ni bhíodh neach aga ghoire a.¤ madh na hoighe allaid `save only the deer', ZCP i 64 § 57 .

(f) Hence in adv. phrase a.¤ (mad) becc lit. except (but only) a little, hence almost: combo marb a.¤ bec until he was almost dead, LU 3290 ( SCC 8 ). a mboi de ór . . . oca a.¤ becc almost all the gold they had, PH 999 . fāsughudh C. . . . a.¤ becc `almost total devastation', RC xvii 384.23 (Tig.). corloiscit cella fer Midhi a.¤ mad becc, 389.7 .

II As conjunction

(a) In sense save only that, except that (folld. by nasalising rel. clause in O.Ir., see GOI § 503 ) (freq. with nammá): ro legsat canóin amal rundalégsam-ni a.¤ ronda-sáibset-som tantum `they have read the Scripture text as we have read it save only that they have perverted it', Ml. 24d24 . accobor la mmenmuin maid do imradud act nandléicci concupiscentia carnalis , Wb. 3d13 . Borg Emna ro tetha / a.¤ mairte a clocha `save that its stones remain', Fél. Prol. 194 . is bēlra dligthech concanat, a.¤ nat aithgnet cluasa dōine, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . a.¤ nach deachaidh tar muir Manann, riámh ní rosgabh rí ba fearr, Keat. ii 5755 . So also in the following (where rel. not marked): haue a.¤ ro noebad / do Dunlang `a grandson, save that he has been hallowed, of D.', Fél. April 11 . manid caindleóracht in tige as ail duit do chosnamh a.¤ namá bid mó bas loscud don tig oldás bas suillse don tegluch except that the house is more likely to catch fire than its inmates to get light, LU 9197 ( FB 92 ). conrotacht . . . a tech . . . fo chosmailius na Cráebrúadi . . . a.¤ nammá ro derscaigestar a tech so . . . do thigib inna hamsiri, 8046 ( FB 1 ). coro ṡollsigset in catraig na dluma derga . . . a.¤ ni loisctís nech nama without however burning anyone, LB 152b41 .

(b) With má, mani, cé (see Vendryes, Ériu xvi 21f. ). With má except if, unless: act ma chotchela gl. numquid Israhel non cognouit, Wb. 5a9 . act massu made in chretem rochretsid gl. nisi frustra credidistis, 13a34 . act mad melltach lassin fer `unless it be agreeable to the husband', 9d17 . act mad óentu dúib occa gl. ex consensu, 9d22 . tír Cannain . . . / nista . . . / a.¤ ma rannait . . . / for meic iar for n-adnacul unless your sons divide it SR 4735 . ní dligther fothud a thige do neoch . . . a.¤ ma ḟrisnasar a ḟlaith, Críth G. 79 . nocho chumcaid-si imchaisin Críst a.¤ ma blasti bás ar thús, Trip.² 1147 . ní talla a léni de a.¤ mad fria huaim `he may not take off his shirt except it be to stitch it', Ériu vii 140 . Note also: a.¤ má dothísad Arddrí secht nime dó ní reg-sa, Trip.² 1354 .

(c) With mani except if . . . not. So in some early exx., but later = a.¤ má or mani: a.¤ manidchomalnid a rropridchad dúib gl. nisi forte reprobi estis (you show that God is in you except you fulfil not what has been preached to you, Wb. 18b7 . ni ba messi dogena a.¤ manimléicther ind it is not I who will do it unless I am not allowed in i.e. provided I am not forbidden to enter, RC xxv 26.9 . noco mberthar uaimse ait na halma ass (leg. a.¤ Vendryes, loc. cit.) manip aúrderg limsa, LU 5029 (TBC) unless I do not consider them visible i.e. worthy of being seen (Vendryes). a.¤ minab edrud ┐ grian, `provided it be not between thee and the sun', Ériu viii 122.28 . In follg. exx. = a.¤ má, a.¤ mani: ni segar baithis acht menip dóig bes marb in gein unless the child seems likely to die, Ériu ii 208 § 32 . fotdáilfind i n-ilpartib . . . a.¤ manibad F. were it not for F. LU 5673 (TBC). ?is mesi . . . dliges a caurathmir a.¤ mani brister anfír form unless I am treated unfairly, LU 8986 ( FB 74 ). ni raga ass . . . a.¤ manit ainge ben unless a woman protect you, 3352 ( SCC 14 ). ní maith duit imthecht t'oenur a.¤ mani[d] dáil fir no thēig, Fing. R. 91 . acht mana maidi in talam found unless the ground breaks under us, TBC-I¹ 3577 = mono thaeth (muna maidhi, muna maoighthfe v.ll.), TBC-LL¹ 5975 . ni ra cotail C. risin re sin, a.¤ mani chotlad fithisin ṁbic . . . C. did not sleep during that time except for a little while, 2473 = a.¤ mad mani chotlad, LU 6338 . nach fer gentor a.¤ mona bentar a cend de unless his head is cut off, RC xii 88 § 99 . a.¤ mana bera lat in topur so `unless you take away this well', Lism. L. 4669 . a.¤ muna faghbam ní dar cobair orra sin ní bia duine a mbethaid unless we can find something to protect us from them there will not be a person alive, Acall. 6174 . ní dénann urchóitt do neach acht mona derna nech urcóit di, Maund. 33 . nad ḟetar-sa . . . act manip íat in Galían, CRR 11 . a.¤ munab í M. th' iarraidh, Eachtra Uill. 4300 .

(d) With cia even though, even if: act ci nip lour `even though it be not sufficient', Wb. 11d15 . nach facamur riamh roimhi, / a.¤ gér cian ar comnoide though long has been our sojourn, Ériu iv 114.32 . tu easbal dob annsa leis /. . ./ a.¤ ger ionmhuin gach easbal, Dán Dé i 9 . ba menmarc leis co mberadh buaidh a.¤ ge bhadar ced fan fer `he wished to defeat them even though they were a hundred to one', Stair Erc. 1471 . acht gidh mór do maith doronuis co ró-so, ZCP vi 67.8 . for imegla a bhāssaigthe a.¤ ge ro baoi i n-a Pāpa, Fl. Earls 206.20 . a.¤ gér laoch mear even though he was a swift warrior, LBranach 7210 . Samson, a.¤ gér chalma a neart, Éigse iv 188.71 .

(e) In conditional sense if only, provided that (folld. in O. Ir. by perfective subj. except where an impossible condition is implied, see GOI § 904 ): bíth and beos acht ropo i tuil dée `let him still abide therein provided it be in God's will', Wb. 10a25 . act ní arbarat biuth inna túari provided they eat not the foods, 10c1 . bid maith mo menmese act rocloor for cáinscéilsi `my mind will be glad provided I hear good news of you', 23d2 . atá comeisseírge act rocretem oipred dæ, 27a15 . ni imned lim act rop Crist pridches, 23b24 . buí cara damsa isin tírsea . . . a.¤ rofeasmais conair dá thig if only we knew the way to his house, BDD² 262 . a.¤ rop coir ní gellas, Críth G. 505 . a.¤ ropom airdric-se (ropa airdercsa LU), maith lim cen co bend buan acht oenlaa, TBC-I¹ 571 . ata lasna tuati beith lór dóib do ascnam nime acht doratat ní dona hanmchairtib (sic leg.) `the lay folk deem it enough to win a place in heaven if only they have given something to their confessors', Mon. Tall. 141.16 (§ 35) . doémat na trī sailm-sea . . . acht rogabthar gach dīa, ZCP iii 30.23 . With non-perfective vb.: a.¤ ni bed úall and `if only there were no pride in it', Wb. 10b27 . nico mórbrig laisim and a.¤ ní cometestar dond accobar `he counts it no great matter provided there be no yielding to desire', Mon. Tall. 152.7 (§ 63) . a.¤ com-messind-se mo maccu nī diṅgentais do chride chrád if only I were able to control my sons, Fing. R. 498 . Note also: noco nindligthech do gin co tuca abad acht techtugad do breith `provided that he has brought the means of taking possession', Laws iv 4.15 .

(f) Similarly with follg. co n-: ríge láech nErend . . . dait . . . a.¤ co nderna mo chomarlisea provided thou do, LU 8114 ( FB 8 ). a.¤ cor damthar fír fer dam ol sé atbér, 9213 (94) . a.¤ co rabat glinni mo diṅgbála ria provided there are sureties to satisfy me, MU² 64 . a.¤ co nde[r]nat maith / flaith uaidib co bráth, Trip.² 1798 . cretfemit do Christ a.¤ co ro-fhindamm a nert, PH 345 . nis-fil do plāig . . . for bith nachus-bera sin for cūlu, a.¤ corup léir guidter Dia occai, RC xii 430 § 21 . With non-perfective vb.: asbert . . . nod lemad a mbrethugud a.¤ co ndaimtis nammá fora breith, LU 9012 ( FB 76 ). dá fessed a.¤ combad fer ulcach nod ngonad no mairfedsom he ind (mixed constr.) 6110 (TBC). cuma a dteasda uan dom aois / gan suan feasda a.¤ go bhféadmaois, Dán Dé xvii 5 . a cōir féine a.¤ go bhfagha / ni dóigh Éire i n-aontamha, TD 24.1 . Hence as soon as: act arroilgither ind epistilse dúibsi berthir úaib Laudocensibus gl. et cum lecta fuerit apud vos aepistola [haec] facite ut et in L. aeclesia legatur, Wb. 27d13 . aiggelat sa hé a.¤ co roisc int oirned as soon as the ordination is ended, RC xlii 134 § 9 . acht co ndernair hoc rechtair romhat dochum an prainntighe, RC xxvi 374.1 . With non-perfective vb.: ragat a.¤ co fiasur in n-airm atá I will go as soon as I know where he is, LU 3373 ( SCC 17 ). bérthar cainnli duit acht co tumthar, Lism. L. 1996 .

(g) In adversative sense but: énirt a cocubussom . . . act nosnerta in sonirt, Wb. 10c3 . coir irnigde tra inso act ní chumcamni, 4a27 . robatar leosom eter desciplu . . . act dorigénsat in descipuil dechor etarru, 7d10 . cenél Maicc Ercae as tressam . . . a.¤ nochon follamnaiget amal ardrígu, Trip.² 1064 . lánsíth i nHérinn . . . a.¤ buí imneissi chatha iter dá Chorpre, BDD² 230 .

(h) Often introducing a positive clause oppd. to a preceding neg. one or vice versa: ni imdibe dualche . . . act is imdibe colno, Wb. 21b11 . conibé eter in peccato act co beid in pænitentia , 9b2 . ní bo ar seirc móidme act conrobad torbe dúibsi triit, 17a13 . ní dron act is diuit et is glé, 17b4 . ni ar Abracham . . . a.¤ is diar foirbthetuni, 2d2 . ni delb ad-rorsat act is cosmulius delbe, 1b19 . ba torad saithir dúun . . . act ní bad nertad na mbraithre, 10c21 . is hé láech is áildem . . . a.¤ níba s[h]uthain, TBFr. 5 . ni hainfis a.¤ día necar doniam indnos it is not in ignorance, but to set them forth that we proceed in this way, Mon. Tall. 154.27 (§ 66) . co rrabe . . . cen dig cen biad, a.¤ 'co immorchor ón taíb co araile, Sc.M² 3 . In sense at all events, however: mór di ḟertaib . . . doróne . . . acht aisnédfimne úaiti do ilib díb, Trip.² 110 . nī himda persa . . . is fessach crēd . . . in bāss geipit, acht nī thernoighit tar aiss amach go bráth, Fl. Earls 70.31 . Note also: munup do saighe selbha a.¤ for ecin `unless he seizes land by force only', Laws iv 26.16 Comm. nídnanaid a crothad nach a flescad a.¤ a nidi `it is no protection to shake or beat it, but only to wash it', Mon. Tall. 155.2 (67) . ná dearbh as a.¤ go hairech, Content. vi 27 .

(i) On cases where the prec. neg. sentence contains a word meaning only: ni hed a méit nonchretidsi act fodaimid fochidi airi `not only do ye believe it but ye endure sufferings therefor', Wb. 23c7 . nípat hé . . . nammá beite isind inducbáil sin a.¤ bieit cit geinti, 4c40 . nirbo chuit eperte tantum act robatar cid ferte dia imthrenugud, 24c5 . ni namá na duile aicside do chumscugud . . . a.¤ ro-chumscaigit gráda nime, PH 152 .

(j) In the idiom a.¤ ní . . . ní not only not . . . but not (cf. sech): a.¤ ní ructaisseom airesom ní rucadsom foraibsom not only could they not get away from him but he could not catch up with them, BDD² 300 and note. a.¤ nis leicim nis étaim, TBC-LL¹ 2334 (= sech LU). a.¤ ni trebad ni coimge, Metr. Dinds. iv 332.36 . a.¤ ni gonab-sa ni gonfa-sa mo moindter-sa, Ériu v 32.23 . a.¤ ní mó a cách ní lugu `not only is it not increasing but it is not less', Otia ii 81.2 . In positive constr.: acht ba dimdach ba debthach, SR 5688 . atbert in drui: a.¤ saerfaithir do mathair doberthar duit na bú as well as freeing your mother the cows will be given to you, IT i 40.x . Note also: a.¤ ní buaid a denam imbáruch is mó is dimbúaid a denam innocht, TBC-LL¹ 1866 .

(k) With cia: cindas rainnfither in mucc . . . cīa indas . . . a.¤ a-rann ar chomramaib in what other way, Sc.M² § 6 . cid, ol si, acht maillechut-sa tú co sír, PH 8262 . Introducing a phrase: cid fil ann didiu (sic leg.) a.¤ amal itcualae, PH 834 . cid fil ann immorro acht ni dechaidh aonnech ina ndocum, Stair Erc. 449 . Note also: aní ná roich lám, cid a.¤, / is écen dam a dúthracht, LU 3935 (`yet' SCC § 44 ).

(l) As quasi-conjunction in idioms with cen (gan): gan é a.¤ i naois ōiglenaib `seeing he was but of young child's age', O'Gr. Cat. 381.13 . gan lios . . . a.¤ lán do dhoire dharach, TD 28.7 . gan duine a.¤ ag dol ar séad, Dán Dé ix 34 . gan duine . . . do dol faoi . . . acht le custam do dhīol `that no one should go under it without paying custom', Fl. Earls 90.4 . brugh. loch. Lugh inand ghabhaid a.¤ gan illradh ag Lugh, IGT Decl. p. 81 § 29 . Note also: ní fuil mac Gaoidhil ná Goill / a.¤ lán dá éanghrádh uile, TD 17.57 . ní bhí leó a urdail a.¤ d'ór /. . ./ cinn a bhfagha suaine a sleagh / nó truaille tana dtroigheadh `they have not so much as the heads of their javelins . . . but is gold', 9.29 .

In introductory phrases: a.¤ chena is alaind cech nderg, LU 3914 ( SCC 43 ). gabhuis Columcille in salm . . . acht cena ni rolegh-som acht aibghiter namá cosin, Lism. L. 823 . a.¤ nammá atáa mí nád n-imthet rí a.¤ cethrur however there is a month when a king goes about accompanied by four only, Críth G. 535 . acht atá ní chena, bar F., is fiach fola ┐ feola dó-som é, TBC-LL¹ 2989 . See also cena. cid (trá) a.¤, cid fil and (trá) a.¤ etc., see trá II(b). a.¤ (mad) énní however, nevertheless, at all events: achtmadh enní, do marbhadh ceithre fir décc [dibh], AFM v 1328.4 . acht aenni, do bitis debtha dermara eturro, Ann. Conn. 1315.4 . acht aen ni . . . bemitt ar aenconair, 1315.8 .

III As subst. ise cuit in achta ann this is the function of the word `acht' in that passage, O'D. 745 (H 3.17 col. 541) (possibly to be referred to 2 acht).

ad-ais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-ais or dil.ie/272
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: -ais, aghus

v In dep. position usually -ais, see GOI § 543 (a) By Hull, Language xxiii 422 - 3 and ZCP xxviii 258 - 9 taken as meaning fears: ess ann is etoil duiniv an tan is lān dērcae imthēd co ndēirc, adnais (atnas v.l.) cech n-olc, cartha cech maith hates (?), ZCP iii 448.5 . aghus Dia, 7 (contaminated with ad-ágathar; aghais, ais, v.ll. , Language xxiii 422) . a n-adais ïer mbās, 454.19 . cia t'ainmsiu . . . nachit ais nachit chara, LU 5797 (TBC). isbert Lug . . . nachadais nachadcaru, ZCP xii 404.4 . on do ḟiur adnaiset gruaidi, Laws v 370.6 `lit. a loan to a man whom cheeks fear i.e. a man whom honour fears, a dishonourable person', Hull, ZCP xxviii 258 ; specifically a cáinte 'satirist', Cáin Ónae 42 . ni ais tenid na midhnais / cene snigess snechta . . ., O'Mulc. 110 = ni aiss t. na mid nais, H 3.18, 75 a20 . rolā a moing dar a hais / cride maith recht nodaais, Fianaig. 16 § 43 .

airrainn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airrainn or dil.ie/2351

Forms: airrind

n also airrind (1 rind?) fore-part(?). Common of weapons in phrase co rucc (gaí, claideb, etc.) urraind tre pierced and protruded (came out) on the other side, pierced through and through: gomdaseasairg insleigh culind inaculadhaib do gorghabasdair urraind ind agabhel, RC xiv 261.2 = co ndechaid trina bel dochum talman, TBC-LL¹ 2191 = co ndeochaid fora béolo sair co torchair tara aiss issa nglend, LU 6026 . co ndeachaid triana chridhi . . . co ruc a urraind asa ucht (of a spear) went through his heart and out through his breast, Aen. 2134 . gur gab arrind anmin . . . tremit, Cog. 184.5 . co tuc forgam for Hectair co ruc urraind triana ṡlíasait, LL 240a43 ( TTr. 1749 ). pl. dodibraig . . . faga . . . cor-gab urraindi tré brathair robai iter a da láim, TTebe 1017 . co ruc arrinni triit ón táib díaraile, TTr.² 730 . Note also: gur bho h-urranna ina reangaibh na ruadhchrainn, ML 88.2 . Hence perh.: tre erranaib na n-áladh `extremities', MR 272.5 . Cf. Gilla B. ... | tug na harrainde gu hard, BB 56b49 . Of a ship prow(?): dreibreang eraind, BB 39a25 = dochoid sin seólchrand, LL 1526 .

Cf. errend, airrinde.

áis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áis or dil.ie/2468

Forms: óis, áise

n Also óis. g s. áise. See Celtica vi 62 - 3 . free-will, consent: masa targud eicne . . . ma targud aisi, Laws iii 114.23 Comm. na tarta oircne i ṅdail na in á.¤ na i comáin . . . do Ghaedelu, Thr. Ir. Gl. 30.4 . = i n-áil nó a n-ascaid, Corm. Y 883 . ceannach an nighei-sin ar nimh / tabhair oram ar éigin / ná heirg i gceann áise a Eoin / gá fearr m'áisse ná m'aindeoin do not consult my wishes (a plea for intercession), Dán Dé i 5 . triallais in ben forecin fairsim uair forḟemid ais (the wife of Potiphar), LB 115b11 (= f. reme, Celtica iv 14.z ; f. hi chena, YBL 286b4 , but foremidh he chena, 63b29 , BB 237b43 ). maith a n-aís, olc a n-écen, BCC 284.z . Eire d'fhaicsin re ar n-ais ┐ re ar n-órdúghadh féin at our will and dis- position, ML 78.2 . d'eagla an bháis do bhí 'n-a dháil / achd gér bh'í a á.¤ a fhagháil, PBocht xxiii 10 . nách gabhann á.¤ gan éigean, Measgra D. 26.63 . ais .i. deoin, O'Cl.

In phr. ar á.¤ willingly (opposed to ar éicin unwillingly, see éicen): ceni thaisid ar ois daregaid ar ecin, Ml. 33b15 . ar oas, Ml. 83b15 . Saxain náró trebat Héirinn ar áiss nach ar éicin, Trip.² 1336 . daig cen co tucthá ar aís dobértha ar écin, TBC-LL¹ 132 . do chuinchid I. ar écin húair na hétar ar oais no ar charatradh, TTr.² 306 . noch an ar ais ro fríth an fear `the man's death was not cheaply obtained', ML 22.1 . cosnadh ar éiccin no ar á.¤ let him contest at all costs, Ériu iv 228 § 57 . mairg do raghadh uadh ar á.¤ , Dán Dé xxvi 42 . d'á.¤ willingly: in phoc ais acht mas d'ais on tuccadh pocc di, O'D. 2367 ( Rawl. B 506, 43 ). d'éigin nó d'á.¤ , Dán Dé ix 6 . ní fhuigheadh acht dá á.¤ é, xxiii 21 . dober lium d'ais nō d'ēcin ē, ZCP vi 47.19 . d'á.¤ an chaoimhniadh chomhachtaigh, Ó Bruad. iii 88 xix . Cf. also ní h-ás duit a n-aeninad, `thou shalt have no ease', De Contemptu 2390 (saer, v.l.) Leg. as (prep.)?

1 ais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ais or dil.ie/2466

n back, hinder part: for a.¤ in slebe on the ridge of the mountain, RC v 200 § 12 (cf. a .i. cnoc, O'Cl.). ? do treabaidh a.¤ na muire, Leb. Gab.(i) 36.11 . Cf. colla tha.¤ be off, Mon. Tall. 130.12

Frequ. in phrases with prepp., with or without poss. referring to accompanying noun or subj. of verb.

With AR, FOR: dena coinmed cruaid do shlūaig ar cech aiss (: tais) `on every side', KMMisc. 262.2 ar cach a.¤ co roicher Róim (: mhais) that somehow or other I may reach R., SG 29.34 . ar a.¤ back: tērnoidhiss ar a.¤ , Fl. Earls 130.33 . miana an chuirp do chur ar a.¤ to drive back, Dán Dé xix 8 . an séad-sain ar a.¤ d'fhagháil to get back, DDána 102.33 . do bhuain na hinghine ar a.¤ `to recover the maiden', TD 20.51 . ar a.¤ ní fhuighbheam do mhóid /cóig glais muna fhuilngeam uaid `I shall not set back Thy anger', Dán Dé ix 3 . With poss.: luid S. for a a.¤ S. went back, Trip. ii 394.17 . tángadar ar a n-a.¤ , Maguires of F. 22 .

With FRI: a.¤ re ha.¤ together, DDána 90.14, 38.10 . Frequ. in phr. gaibid fri ha.¤ (fria a.¤). Prob. in literal sense in: ra gab-sum a charpat re aiss he took his chariot on his back, TBC-LL¹ 6048 = fria ais, TBC-I¹ 3622 . In later lang. sets about, undertakes, takes over, takes charge of: crann snais do char ar mo cheanaibh / gabh ret a.¤ 'n-a aghaidh `set about plying an adze on my sins', PBocht 4 § 36 . g abhaim re ha.¤ clódh do ghníomh, Content. xxvii 12 . gabhaidh (sic leg.) re a.¤ . . . gach neach takes charge of, Dán Dé xiv 5 . cia ghabhas m'anmain ré a.¤ `who will take charge of my soul?' iv 1 . aire rogab ainm ria a.¤/ara altrom a Cromglais therefore he took the name, RC xvii 150.14 (Tig.). a leigheas ní ghéabh rem a.¤ I shall not undertake, Dánfhocail 210 . doghabh ré a a.¤ cádhas ┐ onóir do thabhairt don fhír-Dhia, Keat. ii 5370 . rogabh re a.¤ nach ligfedh aenduine tairis isin conuir, ZCP vi 56.9 ro gabh fein an oifficc sin fri a a.¤ , AFM vi 2020.5 . Note also: ro chuiredar ra haiss aris she is sent back again, LL 7482 .

Further uses (in some exx. in literal sense): dambeir ria aiss tarsin n-uisci he brings it on his back (brings it with him?), TBFr. 216 . mo dhuanaire tabhair ret a.¤ bring along with you, Studies 1923, 598 § 5 . Rí na hinogbála cona chroich . . . re a.¤ carrying His cross, RC xxviii 316 § 24 . an chroch d'iomchur ré a.¤ féin / do Chríosd dob éigin ei-séin, Dán Dé xx 22 . go n-iomchram an chroich ret a.¤ along with you, Aithd. D. 92.17 . fuarusa re ha.¤ an fhir / seal dob áoibhne dárbh fhéidir by his side . . ., Studies, 1918, 452 § 8 . fuireann d'fhíoruaislibh a chúigidh féin re ha.¤ gach ríogh dhíobh together with, Keat. iii 571 . re ha.¤ gcearcaill na cruinne in addition to the circle of the universe, Studies 1918, 281 § 12 . Cf. in dan Laidni ata uaidh le hais na bethadh do scriobh i Laidin follows (goes with?), Mart. Don. xxv 9 . ria a.¤ in addition, Leb. Cert. 32.z .

With TAR. Usually with possessive: ro chachain . . . laíd dó dara a.¤ over his shoulder, LU 6789 . fil suil ṅglais / fégbas Erinn dara ha.¤ , 308 . ro-ling isin carpat īar cūl C. co rragab a chenn dara aiss seized his head from behind (him), Sc.M² 20 . co rop ar m'agid sair toethus ┐ na rap dar m-aiss síar backwards, TBC-LL¹ 2310 . co torchair faon fortarrsna dara a.¤ isin luing, RC x 185.22 . trilis tara haiss síar over her back, LU 4519 (TBC). rolā a moing dar a ha.¤ , Fianaig. 16 § 43 . ní racha sibh tar bur n-a.¤ you will not go back, Fier. 79 . ni tiucfa beó tar th'a.¤ as súd `thou wilt not come back alive', ZCP vi 72.30 . na huili uisci do dhul ina certinadh . . . féin tarana.¤ arís, RC xxviii 310 § 3 . ros-láset ind ḟairend daranaiss behind them (oppd. to arambelaib), LL 219b34 ( TTr. 192 ). Without poss. cuirfe tar a.¤ a n-iomshníomh you will dispel their anxiety, DDána 74.57 . fógairthear tar a.¤ na huile `wrongs are repealed', TD 32.67 . iar dteacht tar a.¤ do Dhiarmaid, Keat. iii 2160 . nach féidir gairm thar a.¤ do dheunamh air cheachtar don dá bhreitheamhnas to revoke, Donlevy 186.21 . In phr. druim tar a.¤ (falling) over backwards, head over heels, upside down: co tarrla druim tar a.¤ dochum in tsrotha, RC vi 177.108 . an long d'impodh druim tara.¤ capsized , ZCP vi 294.20 . cuirfid se in cride druim tar a.¤ , PH 7798 . do theilgis mo ráitte-se druim tar a.¤ = retrorsum, TSh. 1596 . Note also: bid dál ḟota hí ni ba dál dar aiss (: brais) (of Doomsday), LL 307a10 ( SG 386.20 ).

aiss

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aiss or dil.ie/2511

n fruit of the oak: no eó aisse .i. crand messa .i. dair ut dicitur a.¤ mes forsmbít mucca amne, LL 358 marg. sin.

1 as

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 as or dil.ie/4358

Forms: asa, assa

n o, n. Later m. g s. asa, TD 1.54 , Laws v 484.20 Comm. assa, Acall. 4761 v.l. milk: ailmis .i. as `lac', Goid. 76 § 90 (Dúil Laithne). a.¤ .i. bainne, O'Cl. P. O'C. ní hed mo ass, ZCP viii 310.14 ( Laud 610 fo. 99a ). ass n-uanfadach do buaibh bendacha, Leb. Gab.(i) 32.5 . laith find . . . .i. as na mbo, Laws i 66.3 Comm. in domnachaib . . . degass (.i. loim), LU 1856 . ass ┐ grús, Críth G. 27 . bíathad deise . . . di a.¤ ┐ grús, 115 . ian óil aiss trib asaib—óchtar ┐ lemlacht ┐ draumce, 75 `a vessel holding an `ól' measure of milk with three kinds of milk', p. 27 . dí laulgaich deec ó mmeltar ól n-aiss , TBFr. 180 . doomlacht . . . ol naiss caich mbleguin, AU i 188.8 . bochtan ais maith `a ``bochtan'' of good milk', Mon. Tall. 155.z (§ 68) . ass a mmathar atib, LL 285b31 . ni tucad do acht ass ┐ arán, 200a32 . cid ma ndenai-si . . . in tass do chomraind, 271a17 . uiscce iarna claochmodh i n-ass, BNnÉ 297 § 33 . immat buar terc ass, SG 80.9 . d'ass chōerach, MacCongl. 33.z . ros-biath d'a.¤ ┐ d'fírleamhnacht, Acall. 829 . ēta duit cēt ferb re ha.¤ (fria hais, fri hais v.ll.), ML² 1997 . damna loinida .i. crosan in asa `the cross-stick for churning the milk', Laws v 484.20 Comm. ba hass for sechid `milk on a hide' (in a list of foolish things), MacCongl. 73.19 . ? ar assaib rigthier `for delights (in heaven) he is crowned', ACC 70 ( RC xx 262 ) (cf. 1 ás, áis ?). In n. loc. Loch in Ais .i. Loch Leamhnachta, Lism. L. 1687 . dar ler Locha Ais, MacCongl. 39.25 .

benaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. benaid or dil.ie/5647
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: benim, benaim, benai, benith, benaid, bennaid, benid, bentai, -ben, benas, benait, -benat, -rubaim, benair, benar, -bentar, -benad, -bentais, ben, benad, benaidh, benat, benar, -bia, -ruba, -rubai, -bethir, -ruibther, betir, -rubad, -rubaitis, -rubdais, no-m-bethe, bīu, biëd, bíthus, bias, bifas, -biter, bethir, -bífad, -bífed, mbíthe, beo, bii, b, bissis, bisius, bië, -beotur, -rubha, -ruba, -rubai, -rubi, rodmbi, ros-bae, robéotar, robeotar, robeobdar, -rubatar, -rubhradar, bíth, -rrubad, bíthi, bitha, -bítha, ro-bīthe, bethi

v See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 369 , 461 , GOI §§ 551 , 654 , 691 (a) , KZ xlvii 159. Indic. pres. 1 s. benim, Thes. ii 42.7 . benaim, LU 6170. 2 s. benai, TBC-I¹ 3592. 3 s. benith, Thes. ii 250.11 , benaid, Ml. 46d4 , LU 6206 , bennaid, 5213 . benid, TBC-I¹ 397 , bentai, 1201 (with suff. pron.). bentus, Airne F. 2.17 . -ben, 424 , Blathm. 98 § 26. Rel. benas, Corm. Y 1235 , Críth G. 556 , TBC-I¹ 3605. 3 pl. benait, Fél. Jan. 31 , June 30 , -benat, MU² 544. With ro-: 1 s. -rubaim, LU 6230. Pass. sg. benair, Ériu ix 47 § 19. Rel. benar, Thes. ii 254.3 (Stowe M.). 3 pl. -bentar, Ml. 91b3 . Indic. impf. 3 s. -benad, LU 9137 ( FB 88 ), 3 pl. -bentais, TBC-I¹ 30. Ipv. 2 s. ben, TBC-I¹ 3593. 3 s. benad, Wb. 20c8 . 2 pl. benaidh, Ériu ii 120 § 58. 3 pl. benat, TBC-LL¹ 5834. Pass. sg. benar, Ml. 93d16 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. -bia, Laws iv 124.10 . With ro-: 2 s. -ruba, TBC-I¹ 1596. -rubai, Críth G. 581. Pass. 3 s. -bethir, Ml. 36a5 . -ruibther, CRR 54. 3 pl. betir, Ml. 54a17 . Subj. impf. (with ro-) 3 s. -rubad, TBC-I¹ 2769. 3 pl. (?) -robeotais, Cymmr. xiv 118 § 19 ( Rawl. 132b35 ). -rubaitis, TBC-I¹ 806 , -rubdais, Metr. Dinds. iii 104.24 . Pass. sg. no-m-bethe, Ml. 39a19 .

Fut. 1 s. bīu, TBC-I¹ 3592. 3 s. biëd, Celtica xxi 200.6 . bíthus (with suff. pron.), LU 10481. Rel. s. bias, TBC-LL¹ 3453. With -f-: bifas, Rawl. 132b36 . Pass. pl. -biter, Anecd. i 44.4 . Rel. s. bethir, Blathm. 957 . Condit. 3 s. no bīad, TBC-I¹ 2942. -bífad, SR 5812 , -bífed, TBC-LL¹ 744. Pass. s. no mbíthe (nom bithe, MS.), Blathm. 506.

Pret. and perf. 1 s. beo, TFrag. 108.6 = AFM i 302.9 . 3 s. bii (disyll.), Blathm. 98 § 25. b, LU 1750 (ICM). -bí (= -bai, TBC-I¹ 696 ), LU 5176. Note also (with suffix. pronoun and intrusive -s-) bissis, RC xii 68 § 34 , bisius ib. Rel. s. bië (disyll.), Blathm. 279. 3 pl. -beotur, Corm. Y 698 (59.5) = -beodutar, Corm. 24 (gaire). With ro-: 1 s. -rubha, AFM i 242.9 (= RC xvii 177.2 ), 2 s. -ruba, Wb. 13d25 . 3 s. ro bi, Rawl. 88a30 , -rubai, LU 5334 , -rubi, BDD² 187 , rodmbi, Laws iv 176.26 . ros-bae, CRR 56. 3 pl. robéotar, LU 5110 (= TBC-I¹ 625 ). robeotar (beóatar, robeobdar, ro hortsat, v.ll.), Metr. Dinds. iii 98.3 . -rubatar, TBFr. 60 , BDD² 695. Note also: go n-da-rubdatar, TBC-LL¹ 4384 (see Ériu xiv 118.1 ). -rubhradar, ZCP i 464.29 . Pass. sg. bíth, Metr. Dinds. iii 94.23 . ro bíth, RC xxiii 308.33 . -rrubad (sic leg.), Fianaig. 10.21 . pl. bíthi (bithi, MS.), Blathm. 203. bitha, RC xxiii 308.33 , -bítha, Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 52. ro bitha, Ml. 100b2 , TBC-I¹ 1373. ro-bīthe, ZCP xi 62.4 .

Part. see bíthe. vbl. of necess. bethi, Ml. 114c12 . Vn. see béim, bíth. Later with stem ben-, boin- (cf. boingid), bain- throughout (with ā-subj., f- future and s- pret.). See rubaid.

I

(a) beats, strikes: in O. Ir. gl. pinso, Thes. ii 42.7 , perculsus, Ml. 45d6 , pulsat, 46d4 , iecta, 123c17 . beanaim .i. buailim, O'Cl. b.¤ in t-aingel in sruth co fleisc, LU 2117 ( FA 18 ). bi ind ala slabrad suil ind rig, Ériu iii 136.2 . co mbensom dia durnn inna ētan, TBC-I¹ 423. fer benas dam óenbéimmim who fells an ox with one blow, Críth G. 556. bentai Cuc[h]ulaind cona claideb, TBC-I¹ 1201. b.¤ in talum o chois deis he strikes the ground with his right foot, PH 1337. benith galar (a charm), Thes. ii 250.11 . araile fer . . . robenad on crithgalur was stricken by, Lat. Lives 98 § 93. benfat na demna o phianaib examla me, PH 2231. (of a head of hair) b.¤ braine a dá imdae it strikes against (i.e. touches) the edge of his hips, BDD² 963. drud rú asa mbearna bheanaid `whose gap they strike at' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 859. an mheadh as lán dom lochtaibh / bean a clár dod chumhochtaibh `strike up . . . the scale weighted with my sins' (?), Dán Dé xxii 12 . Transfd. casts (a shadow): co mbentais foscod i medōn a dā gruaide (eyelashes), TBC-I¹ 30. reaches: benaidh immorro inis Breatan seach hErinn saerthuaid co cian (`extends', Todd Nenn. 31.2 ), BB 203b40 .

Of hand-clappers, bells strikes, rings: ben do chlocc, Trip.² 1370. clocán bind / benar i noidchi gaithe that is struck, IT iii 16 § 40 . benais Sencha bascrand, MU² 923. robenadur na cluic `sounded', ZCP vi 285.1 . benait cluig ┐ ceōlāin . . . uaidhip fēin `the bells and chimes . . . of themselves rang', Fl. Earls 52.2 . In phr. b.¤ (cloc) FOR (? AR), see II infra.

Strikes (fire), lights: co bethir gl. inuratur, Ml. 36a5 . roben in tenid Chascae = incendit ignem, Lat. Lives 5 § 4. do benusa teine ┐ doronus a fadodh, BNnÉ 69 § 114 .

Note also: F. féigbind ro ben bríg mbreth who passed weighty judgments (Thurn.), ZCP x 271.4 . With galar: benaim galar `I slay the disease´ Celtica xxv 252 . benim a galar, Thes. ii 249.7 . benith galar, 250.11 . See also 1 fris-ben.

(b) hews, cuts down, off: bíi Ququlaind a dī ord lāma ┐ a dī ortt coisse, ZCP viii 120.21 . bennaid Cu Chulaind omnae, LU 5213. do benuit leō roga ro-chleth . . . ┐ mīne mōirf[h]eda, ML² 1064. benat scíathu let them slash shields, TBC-LL¹ 5834. (of breaching, knocking down a wall) dia robenad in t-ochtmad múr, PH 8014.

(c) slays; wounds: beosa L. an[d] do chailg, TFrag. 108.6 (= AFM i 302.9 ). ra mbeótar i n-ecomlond, LU 6680 (= TBC-I¹ 2138 ). intī bifas nō genfas (sic) nech do slōg araile . . . arthús, Rawl. 132b36 . nad ro marb in bech rodmbi (glossed: ro gonastar e, 178.7 Comm. ) `the bee which stung him', Laws iv 176.26 . Eoin . . . do thriall tar sáil / is mó bhíth mé is do ghríos mé ná is mian do rádh `what has wounded me more sorely', O'Gr. Cat. 581.10.

(d) Of crops cuts, reaps; gathers: (of Adam) co n-aireadh ┐ co mbenadh gan allus, BB 16b2 ( ITS xxxiv 58.15 ). benaid in gort uile `they reap the whole field', Ériu v 116.14 . glenn . . . ina mbenaid dáoine ímforcraidh spísraid, Maund. 54. an chnú ní 'na bláth beantair, Dán Dé vii 15 . luibh leighis re báidh beanais with love (for us) He plucked a healing herb, DDána 48.1 . (of turf-cutting) mani bentar hi ina haimsir coir, Laws i 132.7 Comm.

(e) incises, engraves: ise in luathrindi sin robenadh i sciath C. that is the `luathrindi' (lit. ash-point) that was cut in the shield of C., Ériu v 72.23 . (of drawing Ogam characters) no da mbentar uile, LL 5338 ( Auraic. 5449. )

(f) takes (away), carries off: bensat giallu iar congail, RC xvii 145.14 . Of tax, tribute, etc. exacts, levies: mili dam mili bo benaim `I exact', 49.9 .

II With follg. adv. do ben a claidheamh amach drew his sword, ITS xix 44.4 . lér bhain sé a fhlaitheas . . . amach arís `recovered', Keat. ii 1089. do benadh luirech an ridire sin amuig `was captured', L. Chl. S. 38. do bean Úa B. . . an gealladh . . . ar aiss retracted, Expugn. Hib. 69. do benatar ar lár laim ris `they fell to the ground', BCC 132.

With prepp. With A takes from: in pars benar a hichtur in lithe `the particle that is cut off', Thes. ii 254.3 (Stowe M.). ercōit benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308.z. is tu rogab misi . . . ┐ roben fhuasgailt asum `got ransom from me', ZCP vi 285.8 . (of a rescue from a castle) go mbendaís an tiarla as d'áis no d'eiccen, AFM vi 2172.25 . do bheanadar as . . . they inferred that . . ., PublicRecords Appendix 40.22 . eunuchi . . . .i. na daoine as a mbeantur, 23 K 42, 94.18 . na h-ainmhíntidhe a mbaintear asta which are gelded, Corp. Astron. 90.21 . as e as adbur as a mbainter na catraca `that is the material from which cities . . . are formed', Ir. Astr. Tr. 36.7 . do benadh comnuidhe asainne forsan muir we were stayed, BNnÉ 7 § 22 . robenus lēim luthmur . . . as mo sdét made my steed leap, ZCP vi 65.9 . beantur fiuchad as `bring it (i.e. milk) to the boil', Rosa Angl. 94.2 . b.¤ custam as levies toll on: bentor custam as a n-eachroidh in gach baile dip, Fl. Earls 86.1 . b.¤ greim a see greimm. ? gan mo bhac, a Dhé, i ndeacraibh / ná beantair lat é as m'olcaibh, DDána 61.6 .

With DE takes from: robenaitt a lama ┐ a cosa donti dorone were cut off, Ann. Conn. 1224.3 . benuis screapall beg . . . de `broke off', Fl. Earls 34.17 . dobenadh a ceimniughudh de the power of walking was taken from him, Aisl. Tond. 107.3 . Of covering, clothing, etc. ben a erriud ┐ a étgud de take off his equipment and his clothing, TBC-LL¹ 4061. bensat a chroicend de `stripped his skin from him', PH 2146. bean an dá bhliadhain déag . . . do na hocht gcéad déag bliadhan úd `deduct . . . from', Keat. ii 1160. do ben minna da ṡíair fa marbad uile `he made his sister swear that she would kill them all', Maund. 82. go mbeanfaidhear cúntas 'na smuaintighthibh dhe an account of his thoughts will be demanded of him, TSh. 7304.

Various phrases. b.¤ céill, súil de, see cíall, súil. b.¤ cert de, see cert. do bhean Ír díobh . . . tosach `outstripped [them],' Content. xxx 4 ; cf. ag béin túsa d'íbh Táil, IGT Introd. § 38. ris an mbréig níor bhean dá mhóid he did not break his vow (?), A. Ó Dálaigh l 31.

With DO: lucht an bheatha dá mbeanfadh on whom it would fall (i.e. a deluge of rain), DDána 75.22 . do ben escor don nech the person fell, BCC 452.27 . do bhain a mhaoith (sic MS.) do gach fior affected everyone, Ériu i 98.32 . ro bhen a droch-dhiach dhó oir fuair a righedh ar carr `his evil destiny awaited him', AFM v 1818.12 . ní bhean th'aigneadh d'Eóghan thy opinion did not effect E. (i.e. E. was not of thy mind), Ir. Review 1912, 471 § 5 . dom anmain is eadh bheanas / an mac do bhí i mbraighdeanas the child . . . is my soul, DDána 7.21 . gidh cúich mé, a bhean, beanfad daoibh / madh áil leat leannán macaoimh I shall be yours, 67.14 . Caiter ḟíona .i. an chailleach dhubh do ben dó who adhered to him, Ó Héodhusa 42.8 . ní bheanann dúinn trāchdadh orra annso it is not our business to . . ., Mac Aingil 2586 . ní bheanand doibh offic Chriosd do ghabhail chuca `they have no right to', Carswell 225.

With FO: b.¤ foo (in ras. H) attacks them, LU 4874. bean far dtoirmisg-ne far dtoil try to prevent us from achieving our wish, DDána 95. 24 . má bheanann faoi ag mionsmuaineadh . . . ar na neithibh si if he happens to be thinking, Mac Aingil 360 .

With FOR (AR): forom-sa co m-benfat a n-osnaid ┐ a mmallachtain it is at me their sighs . . . will be directed, TBC-LL¹ 197. benais Medb béim n-aisce fair reproached him, 472 . benfait Ulaid form do lecud th'oenur sin cocrích, 1176 . ní bheanfa aimhleas no olc / ormsa inghean Con Connocht `Cú Ch.'s daughter will not charge me with hurt or harm' (?) Studies 1921, 589 § 8 . ro ben cotlud na haidhchi forro deprived them of, CCath. 2439. ni bhenabh sa a chuid don tsaogal fair, BNnÉ 182.15 . ar neach do bhean a mbúaludh / uabhur h'each mear dhā mūnadh `the mettlesomeness of your swift steeds . . . deprived a person of (the need of) beating them' (Notes), O'R. Poems 2535. nā benaidh amhiris for Dia imm immut a mirbhol do not visit God with disbelief (?), Ériu ii 120 § 58. b.¤ (cloc) for (? ar) lit. rings (a bell) against, hence excommunicates: gabais salmmu escaine foraib . . . B. a chlocc foraib, Trip.² 1303. cor benadh an Bernān Ciarāin (i.e. the saint's bell) fair, RC xvii 383.11 . benait co mBríg . . . / barr find for slúag enair they, together with . . . B., bring the host of January to a good end, Fél. Jan. 31. See 1 glas.

With FRI (LA): traig . . . isī benas fri lār touches the ground, Corm. Y 1235. is béss didu ind liacc benir (sic MS.) ilbeim friss gl. lapidem offensionis et petram scandali, Wb. 4d15 . fuair fearthain . . . / nochar bhean re brat an naoimh, Dán Dé iv 22 . in Brug risa mbenand tond, Ériu vii 219 § 6. ? co Luimneach lethanglas / frismbarca ben, iv 154.2 (see F 428.56). benum . . . frisna catrachaib filet fri toeb mara let us visit, LB 142a29 . acht co mbeantai (toccaibti, v.l.) mur friu `if only a wall were set up against them', Ériu viii 179.9 . inud in ro ben in nathair fris 'the place where the serpent had stung him', ITS xxxv 34 § 119 . Fig. touches, affects; is concerned with, meddles with: benad fria chubus fessin gl. opus suum probet unusquisque, Wb. 20c8 . benaidh rind labhairt ar aesaib(h) an domhain, Leb. Gab.(i) 2.7 . ná bean ris, Proverbs xx.19. Ronán . . . / Colman fria mbaig benaim `whom I entreat for their blessing', Gorm. Aug. 18 (? modelled on late Lat. use of pulsare in sense of rogo, see Du Cange s.v. 1 pulsare ). ara mbaig fris mbenab, Nov. 4. gach ní dar bhean le Tepoitt `all the possessions of T.', AFM vi 2146.19 . an té do-ní adhaltrannas . . nō bheanas ré mnaoi neamhpósda, Parrth. Anma 2495.

With I: b.¤ side sleg n-ind, LU 1522. suil beanfuighthear innte = before it be meddled with, Proverbs xvii 14.

with ó forms, derives from (gramm.): cia an t-éntuillréim dég iollraidh ó nach beantur samhlughadh amhuil, IGT Introd. § 2. ? aer o bard benar, Laws v 228.28 .

cnáim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cnáim or dil.ie/9712
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cnáimh, cnámh, chnámh

n i, m. cnáimh m., IGT Decl. § 41 . a s. cnámh, TSh. 6193 . d s. chnámh, Butler Poems 1478 . bone : intí dothuit foir con-boing a chnámi, Wb. 4d15 . ind feúil forsnaib cnamaib gl. ossa, Ml. 22d7 . ní ticed scís mo chnamai, 41d9 . ho aisndis inna cnamae, 44d3 . armu chnamaib, 58a11 . o ch.¤ gl. ex osse, Sg. 106a4 . seisid ... isin nerball go cnaim, Laws iii 370.9 . fubta[d] ... dia cuimgither cnamu, v 138.14 .i. brisiud cnam tic de, 23 Comm. dognid comrac do ... do cendaib a cnama (of díchetal di chennaib), i 44.4 Comm. im com[r]orguin cnama, 202.1 .i. ac tabairt a smera eisib do upthaib, 31 Comm, ? ni fuillend cond cnaima (sic), 102.24 . da chnaim gortai ┐ cethri cóidh . . . aiss (meaning uncertain), O'Curry 880 ( H 3.18, 394b ). cuímm ch.¤ see 1 coim. conna deochaid cnaim de friaraile hi talam (of diseased person), LU 9642 . srengais in n-ól don ḟídba chnáma jawbone, 6458 (TBC). a c[h]naim senbuide (St. Patrick to his tooth), Trip.² 1625 . adnaid in ben aithni fria chnāmaib recognised him by his figure (of long-lost husband), ZCP xiv 156.11 . dobeired a māthair criaid fo chnāmai (of Colla Fochrí), ZCP viii 319.33 . snám, léim ... / ... cluiche cnáma (in list of games), ZCP iv 468 § 9 . cnáimh gan smúais, IGT Decl. ex. 1076 . fithcheall ... do chnámh (: dán) (of bone as material), Butler Poems 1478 . daonnacht Mic Dé bhí / is cnáimh dár gcnáimh, PBocht 2.2 . cnámha an scéilsi skeleton of this story, Flower Cat. 353.19 . ro raith fothúaid a nnirt a cnám as fast as his legs could carry him, LL 22021 . adacht F. tren foa chnāmæ sech F. (do.), Corm. Y 1084 . in c.¤ i m-bel na con (prov.), MR 40.20 .

Hence body : ar cnaimh / do lecciud ind úir, Ériu xix 10 § 3 . aisiuc in cnamha, ... ┐ as é cnam atbeir sund rí báiter for srothuib, Laws i 204. 21 Comm.

With follg. gen.: cnāim bratāin, Corp. Gen. 121.40 . c.¤ cocaidh bone of contention, Ann. Conn. 1315.8 . an saorbhrugh ... / 'na chnámh spairnne aca, Keat. Poems 1572 . 'n-a cnáimh choingleaca, Keat. ii 1210 . gabhthar geall ag [na] mnáibh muile / re cnáimh coire, DDána 111.25 . no falaigead cnaime cuile / caine caíde, IT iii 78.4 . cnaim craidhi in fiadha `bone of stag's heart', Rosa Angl. 100.15 . do chámaib elefinnte ... dorónta na doirsí of ivory, Alex. 591 . ibar .i. ab ebore .i. ō cnaím elefante, O'Mulc. 700 . cnaim imoire ivory, Rosa Angl. 286.7 . cen ch.¤ lessi . . . do brisiud thigh-bone, LU 6530 (TBC). cnaim mullaich `top-bone', Auraic. 1825 . c.¤ smeara marrow-bone, MR 70.2 .

In compds. not always readily distinguishable from cnám q.v. With nouns: ata[t] .uii. cnamcoma(i)gh as sruithiu `fractures', Bretha 2B . cnamhcomach arna curadaib, Caithr. CC 74 . dubchrecha ┐ chnáimchrói, Cáin Ad. 46 (for -chnaí?). pisoca isin lepuidh .i. cnam cosait, Laws i 180.24 Comm. a cnaimeruic body- éric, L. Chl. S. 25 . pípai, fidli ... / cnámḟir ┐ cuslennaig `bone-players', Metr. Dinds. iii 20.258 . fosceird in cnamfros sin inde ... [unde] Cnamros dicitur , Dinds. 31 ( RC xv 333.16 ). dom chognam ┐ dom chnaimhgearradh, Ériu v 80.18 . béim ... crūadh cnáimletartha, Fianaig. 96.12 . an Fraoch ... / isan charn 'na chnámhluighe, Celtica ii 157 § 4 . cnamrébaidh, CCath. 2108 v.l. (-brétaigh, text). cnaimhrédheadh ... do dhénamh dia chnamhaibh la cúl tuaighe, AFM v 1818.13 (cf. cnáimredach?). in mac ... / bái 'n-a charnail chnám-rossa ... `was made like a heap of scattered bones', Metr. Dinds. iii 128.16 (see Dinds. above). spadumus, ┐ cnaimspetan bone-spavin (?), Celtica ii 38.94 . labrum anois don cnaimspedac (cnamspedan, v.l.), Celtica xvii 115 § 2 . ceol is cnámhthoirt `joints of meat', Ó Bruad. ii 82.12 . With adjj.: a dtrí muinéil chnámhaltacha, SG 307.2 . corp cnámharrdhachta, Párl. na mB. 37 . gomba cnámhathchumtha a ccuraidh, Hugh Roe² 336.8 . mac ... / cnáimfhéil meic cnó-messa (comic n. pr.), MacCongl. 34.5 . a[c] cruinniugudh ... na curp cnámgerrtha, ZCP vi 57.5 . cosa ... cnámh-loma, ML 120.10 . ima chorp cnáimhremhar curata, Ériu v 174.199 . ina chotchoibh cnamhroinnte, AFM v 1776.3 . With vb.: an lámh chédna do chnáim[h]theasg (of hand of Fráech), Celtica ii 171 § 56 .

córaigid, cóirigid, cóirgid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. córaigid, cóirigid, cóirgid or dil.ie/12420

Forms: córugud, córaigthe

v (cóir) arranges, sets in order, sets up , etc. with a wide variety of objects: coros córaigea in brithem . . . isna sostaib, LU 1999 ( FA 6 ). amal ros-córaigset tair / na túatha, Metr. Dinds. iii 442.33 . coraigis comlaid . . . / forin tiprait, LL 19908 . ro-chóraigset a n-etaige for in sligid, PH 4618 . docoirged co dingbala hē he was fittingly lodged, ZCP xiv 147.2 . racoraig L. a moiṅg dar a aiss , RC iii 182.1 . do chóirig a línta, Acall. 4428 . inti choruidus in cloch o durn `who dresses', Laws ii 232.13 Comm. gur cóirigheadh lé leaba, DDána 120.19 . choiréchat-sa mo catha `that I will array my battalions', MR 178.22 . coraighther na cuislenna the pipes are tuned, Manners and Customs iii 215 n.

With objects denoting more abstract ideas: ro chóirgetar . . . in feall, Fianaig. 70.22 . in baill ar coraiged teascad in tarra, Laws ii 240.3 Comm. córaigium . . .uile ord ar mbethad, PH 7882 . do cóirged mar is cubaidh / an cóirged d' U Ch., IGT Verbs ex. 475 . go ccóraighthear inn go hinnmheodhanach that we may be justified inwardly, Luc. Fid. 3407 . cōirigim co teastaiginn an cuingill dēiginach dīb sin = ponamus quod deficiat etc., RSláinte 3154 .

Of making peace: córaigmitni . . . ┐ sídaígmít in macraid friseom iar sin, LU 4921 . ? ro chóraig cach caṅgin ┐ cech n-imresain. ro boí acco settled, LL 1477 .

Vn. córugud. Part. córaigthe.

3 dál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 dál or dil.ie/14346
Last Revised: 2013

n The forms below belong properly to 2 dál Ériu xxxi 146 . dáil .i. moille no cáirde; gan dáil immediately P. O'C. Wb. 13 b 13 : is gnáth inso dond óis glicc dolléicet forru in dáil ┐ fobenat iarum inna deud ...co mbi remib rethith iarum; 'they let the crowd catch up on them,' LOIG 266 . don cách is dail treisi (= anad treisi, 1. 3 ), Laws i 156. 4 . doberar dál treisi do, O'D. Supplem. atlathar dal, Laws ii 130. 19 . cach dail (n sg.) téchta, ib. 130. 20 . forlaim ndála, 130. 21 . baes inna mbretheman nád inmedatar a ndalai dligidh, 130. 17 . cid arnach for daluib dligid ata cetharslicht indiu, 130. 15 . ná bí ic hildálaib, SR 1698 . ellamh .i. a láim ┐ ní for dáil, Corm. Tr. 67 . cath can chardi dó can dáil, RC ii 90. 26 . nír bo chuman lass dal a daltai inna díaid, LU 60 b 23 . dobérthar dal di, IT i 145. 12 . óndiu cotí domnach ní ba dál bha sía, TBC-LL¹ 3103 . bid dál ḟota hí ní ba dál dar aiss , LL 307 a 10 . mairg dorat in dáil dorat, 307 b 19 . dobérad bó dó acht coro-leigad dail impi. Adbert in taitheach noleicfeadh dail, Anecd. i 46. 2 . tugthar dál go maidin don chime seo, Craos-d. 37. 4 f.b. Followed by cen: dál commatain cen crochad don tróg út, LB 214 b 64 . dál damsa cen mastúd, Bor. 49 . tabair dáil dam fadechtsa cen maimsiugud, PH 4886 . tabair dáil don eclais cena hingréim, ib. 4887 . (For na dála dédencha, ib. 6602 , see 2 dál IV.) issé ná tabrad dáil do neoch...gin agra fóchétóir, Cóir Anm. 88 . —COMPD. attáil, LL 147 a 53 . faddáil, TSh. 5405 . —Probably identical with 2 dál.

1 dercaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dercaid or dil.ie/15587

v (2 derc) IGT Verbs § 105 . looks (at), gazes, beholds:

I Trans. dercoim rompa ród an iobhair, Book of O'Conor Don 273b8 . anddar lais nocha ndercadh ní acht iad, RC xxxi 449.11 . dercais cach a cele dib, FB § 40 Eg. do dercusttoir I. an saothur sin, ZCP x 295.6 . ro dercsat na moli mora they espied, CCath. 2654 . do dercsad rind Femin, Lec. 540a40 (facs. 270va40). in seol ro dercadh that was seen, Laws v 300.20 Comm.

II Intrans. with FOR (AR): cech oen no dercfad for a gnuis, Ériu ii 142 § 154 . dia ndercaitis . . . for etrochta a ghnuisi, ib. marro deircc (sic leg.) Adam . . . for Eua, SR 1705 = amal rodercc A. for E., MacCarthy 66.15 . dercais in rígfennid for a chonaib, RC xiii 46.z . air do chēddearcus don cloind | da raib ēgentus oroinn, H 2.17, 230a . Absol. ra-dercastar C. dar a aiss et ra-chonnairc . . . M.D., CRR 40 . in tan ro dercsat dia neís ní facatar in tír, SG 354.1 . Cf. further ZCP viii 114 § 3 : do drec (sic MS.) Iruaith . . . | do marbudh Ísu ardmōir Herod looked (= intended) to kill (leg. do derc?).

derg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. derg or dil.ie/15626
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: derc, derg, deirg, derg, d.

adj o, ā.

(a) Of colour, red, ruddy (used of colour of blood, flame; also of orange or tawny hue as of ale, gold, etc.): d.¤ gl. luteus, Sg. 49a3 , gl. lutea, 7 . derc gl. rufus, 37a5 . flann gach nd.¤ , ZCP ix 167.z . tene d.¤ , SR 8294 . dobiur lim cóer ndeirg do ibur, Ériu iv 134.4 . folt d.¤ lais, LB 181a11 . fil lenid ndeirg . . . immi, TBC-I¹ 61 . braena fola derge, Todd Nenn. 206.7 . suile derga eyes red with weeping, PH 584 . Cf. A. Ó Dálaigh viii 10 : bríogh a guidhe 's a déar ndearg `her blood-red tears' (= ardent ). Of animals: ech d.¤ , LU 8630 ( FB 47 ). hirricht bó deirgi, Ériu iii 141.2 . guth gadhair dheirg, Duan. F. i 83.28 . mor ndamh ndearg (of stags), ib. mucca derga, Metr. Dinds. iii 150.14 . Of liquors: lind d.¤ .i. flaith d.¤ red ale, Thes. ii 337 ( Hy. v 38Comm.). um chomhól ndeoch ndearg, TD 20.55 . Cf. derglaith. Of gold: di or d.¤ , SR 529 . dind ór d.¤ , 4150 . d'ór dhearg, TD 17.36 . Of earth or clay turned up, dug up: reilge derga (portent of the end of the world), ZCP viii 196 § 18 . do-chífe dearg druim tar ais | . . . | gach leath dot ghormfhaithche ghloin, | ó chomhghraifne each, Studies 1922, 411 § 11 . Cf. don taobh thiar thuaidh d'Eirinn dheirg, Atlantis iv 122.z . do cherdaib in domnáin deirg `the vile rude world's estates', SG 51.y . Hence of persons, of ruddy complexion or red-haired: oclach . . . d.¤ = iuvenis rubicundus, PH 7030 . ben d.¤ cona dib braaib dercaib, IT ii2 242.17 . red ghnúis ndeirg, TD 3.19 . Equative: deirgither losa liac, TTebe 479 . dergithir re corcair, Acall. 6636 v.l. brecdergithir síon spotted with crimson like a foxglove, BDD § 97 . Compar. nir bo dírga grís inna ind aiged (sic leg.), IT iii 298 § 34 (Cóir Anm.). As subst.: scripthar int psailm tria dub ┐ in tituil tria derg in red (ink or pigment), Hib. Min. 244 . derg g s. deirg, d s. derg, IGT Decl. § 15 . dearg a grúaidh the red of his cheek, ex. 1240 .

(b) Transf. red with blood; bloody, sanguinary: imatuarcat doib combo d.¤ cach dib di arailiu till each was red with the other's blood, YBL 118b17 . fuidel fir deircc di duinib of one red with (the blood of) men, Ériu vii 150 § 17 . atre in rí . . . cona chroich deirg . . . fria aiss , SR 8269 . red-handed (i.e. a shedder of blood): náma ┐ esgcara láime deirge do, SG 268.33 . atú mar láimh ndeirg ag Dia God looks upon me as His foe, Dán Dé ii 30 . claidebderg red-sworded , Metr. Dinds. iii 340.38 . Of a criminal: dul dá guin eisi (i.e. asin chill) no taidhecht d.¤ indti red-handed , O'Curry 985 ( H 3.18 424b ). Hence of meat bleeding, raw, fleshy (as oppd. to fat): d.¤ cach n-om, Laws v 432.2 Comm. dergcarna ┐ saill, ii 202.19 . da mer dia d.¤ `two fingers in the lean of it', 254.11 .

(c) red-hot, incandescent: iarnn d.¤ = candens ferrum, Lat. Lives 96.1 . cloch d.¤ a ndabhaigh fhuair, 3 C 12, 6.13 . lecca derca fo chossaib (of hell), RC iv 252 . co slabradu derga . . . tentigi, PH 8309 .

(d) In fig. sense, full-blooded, flushed with pride, overbearing (?): fri dīmmus nd.¤ ndocht (one of the capital sins), ZCP vi 271.11 . derg . . . cach n-indligthech, Laws i 54.2 Comm. , v 432.2 Comm.

As subst. o . d.¤ , m., IGT Decl. § 15 . don d.¤ redness , ex. 701 . gan crecht . . . gan d.¤ wound , TBC-LL¹ p. 387 n. 5 . math glas nō d.¤ 'if it be a bruise or an abrasion' Cáin Ad. 28 § 44 , Ériu lii 127 (Di Ércib Fola) . In phr. derg dásachtach a blood vessel located in the head: bídh a fis agad co fuil inadh (sic) ann nach dlegar do crechad mar atáit .. dergdásachtach ocus ruadhrasach ocus gach uile a mbí gluasacht ocus bualad in pulsa know that there are places which may not be cauterised such as the derg dásachtach and the rúad rasach and everywhere in which there is movement and a beating pulse​, O'Gr. Cat. 269.11 . derg dasachtach ┐ rúadh fhrasach, Ériu lxiv 6 n. 22 ( G11 289b28 ). cidh fodera duine do thērnamh ōn derg dāsachtaigh dā letarthar eidir ūainibh an cinn, et duine ele gan tērnamh? 'why does one person recover from the derg dásachtach if it [he?] is wounded between the sutures of the head, while another person does not recover?', Ériu lxiv 7 ( 72.1.2 fo. 59v7 ). in derg dāsachtach, Ériu lxiv 10 ( 72.1.2 fo. 62v14 ). muna baca an derg dāsachtach no cuislí ele 'if the derg dásachtach or another vein does not prevent it', Ériu lxiv 11 ( E 4.1 120b28 )​​​​.

pn In names: na trí Deirg do thig Deirg, BDD² 296 . in Derg Drúchtach, name of Colum Cille's curach , Reeves Ad. 274.13 . forsin Deirg Drúchtaig `the Dewy Red' (of Conall Cernach's horse), RC iii 183.30 . dofeccai secha a gabuir .i. in Deirg ṅdruchtaig, 184.30 .

Compds.

(a) Of colour, in sense (a) above. With adjs. ¤aigthech red-faced : ba derrscaithec (deargaighteach, v.l.) a delb, Cóir Anm.² i 95 § 72 . ¤buide reddish yellow: taraill a lám leiss in gipni ndergbudi, TBC-I¹ 1879 . ¤chorcra crimson: dí gáe d., Ériu iv 102 § 43 . ¤domal dark red: alaile dath cruanda ┐ alaile dergdomla, ZCP xxx 124.3 . ¤lethan broad and red: claideb . . . d.¤ , TBC-I¹ 2341 . ¤ruad: dairedha dergruadha do slegaib ` rud-red ', CCath. 5345 . dragún dearg-ruadh, TSh. 7856 . With adjs. derived from subst.: ¤dathach red-hued: Lomna druth d., LL 48b18 . ¤órda: drochte . . . dergórdai, SR 476 . cosna delbaib dergórdaib, 4360 .

With subst.: ¤ainech red-face (as sobriquet): Maeldúin d., Rawl. 144g42 . ¤chodal red (i.e. tanned) hide: curach nua co ndergchodail, RC x 84.5 . ¤derc: scéo mnáib dergdercaib with eyes red (from weeping), ZCP iii 256.15 . ¤ibar red yew: cét ndabach ṅdergibair, LL 51a22 . ¤lasad: luinech . . . 'na láim ar derglassad glittering like a red flame, LL 120a44 . a dhá shúil ar d. ina chenn, SG 295.14 . ¤lasair red flame: g s. doigh derglasrach, ZCP viii 212 § 60 . ¤loscad: ag dearg-losgadh, TSh. 6627 . ¤ór (see Études Celt. iv 314 ) purified gold (by a de-silvering process) ZCP xxxviii 246-47 n. 13 , Medieval Archaeology xlviii 37 : rond derc-óir, LU 3273 ( SCC § 7 ). ¤rót: a threabh . . . na ndearg-ród red clay roads , Ir. Monthly 1919, 456 § 8 ( DDána 97 ). ¤scé red hawthorn: imar cráibred ndergscíach, TBC-I¹ 1953 = ṅdercscíath, TBC-LL¹ 2617 . ¤theine: i carput dergthened, SR 7136 . ¤thes: d. fola, Ériu ii 102 § 12 . ¤uma red bronze, copper: scieth . . . co mbocoidibh derccuma, TBC-LL¹ 5477 .

(b) In sense (b) above. ¤ár bloody slaughter , SR 5648 . LL 375b27 . ¤béim a blow that draws blood, Laws iv 364.22 ; 'a blow that inflicts bruising or swelling or loss of skin' Ériu lii 125 (Di Ércib Fola) . ¤ḟine family group that has been guilty of `fingal', O'Don. Suppl. derggfine issede cruess, Laws iv 284.10 . deirgfine .i. indiḟíní fíngalach, 286.10 Comm. ? ¤ḟochor: dergfochuru do tuit i ndilsi, O'Curry 881 ( H 3.18 394b ). ¤martra red martyrdom (involving death): dercmartre, Thes. ii 246.31 (Cambr. Hom.). irlam fri dergmartrai, ZCP iii 29 § 9 . Bloody death, slaughter (in general): ilar nderggmartra dogni (of Cú Chulaind), ZCP ix 122.y . derccmartra ┐ dortadh fola, AFM vi 2178.5 . ¤ruathar a bloody onset: dergruathur, TBC-LL¹ 4344 .

(c) As a mere intensive. ¤lomnocht stark naked , TBC-LL¹ 4253 . TSh. 3674 . ¤maith, LL 128b34 . ¤náma a bitter foe: iar ṁbádud a ndergnámat, SR 4036 . do dergnamait, 6368 . amail dergnamait, CCath. 5164 . ¤náimdenas fierce enmity: dobudh créachta gan dúnadh a ndeargnaimhdeanas, ML 30.2 . ¤thruag: rotoccbadh an cenn . . . ina scath dhearccthruagh do Ghaoidhealaibh `a spectacle of intense pity', AFM 1172 (iii 4.6) .

Cf. further: dergfilliud erred náir, LU 9290 and : dergindledhaidh errid nair, BB 248a16 (both names of one of Cú Chulaind's feats). ¤mír `red morsel'. Apparently technical name for property illegally acquired. See Laws v 430 - 4 . amail deirgmir, 434.10 Comm. cach manach . . . dosli disli do eclais a aicsi lee samlaid manup dergmir, O'Curry 871 ( H 3.18 , 391b ). deirgmireanda, Laws v 430.22 ( .i. mirenda omha indligthecha, 432.1 Comm. ).

1 do

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do or dil.ie/17096

Forms: dond, donaib, dunaib, donab, dona, dond, donaibhí, dunaibh, donahí, dom, domsa, damsa, duit, dait, deit, det, dit, duid, daid, duitt, duitsiu, deitsiu, detsiu, détso, detsi, dutsi, d, do, dóu, dou, dáu, dossom, dosom, d, di, díi, disi, dúnn, dunn, duún, dúun, dún, dun, duin, dú(i)nn, dúnni, dunni, dúni, dúinniu, dúnai, dúib, duib, duíb, dib, dib, daoibh, dúibsi, dúbsi, dóib, doib, duaib, dáib, doaib, doibsom, dom, dum, dot, dut, dot, dod, do, do, dia, doa, diar, dear, dar, dia n-, doa n-, dua, dá, dia n-, da, dona, donach, do

prep. with dat., leniting (see GOI §§ 435 . 832 ).

Forms: do (usual at all periods); du often in O.Ir., Wb. 5c14 , 33b6 ; Ml. 15a16 , 16a7 , 90a7 , b13 ; Acr. 13b3 ; Thes. ii 240.16 , 241.4 , 242.10 (Ardm.), 294.4 ( SP ii 16 ), 45.29 ; du Chaissil, AU 714 ; du for fogail, SCC § 13 . dó, Ml. 15d3 . dú, Wb. 5d19 .

In Mid and early Mod. Ir. often da, dá, esp. before cech: da cech tráth, LB 261b38 ; dá cech duine, PH 3985 ; dá bar n-óid, 5963 ; da gach nduine, Keat. iii 2087 (poem).

Vowel generally elided before vowel of f: d'agbáil, SCC § 29 . d'is cech réta, § 32 ( do facbail, Laws iv 206.14 ; do foghnumh, 250.6 Comm. ).

Freq. confused with 1 de, di, q.v.

With article: sg. dond irsolcoth, Wb. 22d27 . dond lethtomus, BCr. 31b3 . dund fercach, Ml. 22d13 . Thes. i 498.21 (Ardm.). dund insi, SCC § 17 . dunt foirbthetaid, Ml. 14c8 . dunt imluad, 15a17 . don chomursain, PH 2748 . don fhairind, 4959 . pl. donaib, Wb. 7b1 , Sg. 69b7 . dunaib, Acr. 8a2 . Thes. i 497.16 (Ardm.). dundaib (archaic), Thes. ii 247.12 ( Cambr. 38a ). donab, 33.28 . Mid. and mod. Ir. dona.

With art. and í: dond, Wb. 3c31 . pl. donaibhí, Sg. 156b7 . dunaibh, Wb. 2c10 . donahí, Ml. 46c7 .

With pron. suff.: 1 s. dom (usual in Wb. and Sg.), dam (in Ml.). domsa, Wb. 3c33 , etc. damsa, TBC-LL¹ 1110 . 2 s. duit (usual in Wb. and Sg.). dait common in Ml., TBC-I¹ 1056 , 1209 , 1334 (LU). deit, Wb. 6a11 , 12 ; 28d15 , etc. LL 275a50 . det, Wb. 5b29 . dit, 5b32 . Sg. 179a4 . TBC-I¹ 1056 , 1209 , 1334 (YBL). duid, TBC-I¹ 531 . daid, 1042 (YBL). duitt, PH 7915 . duitsiu, Wb. 6b14 . deitsiu, 30a8 . detsiu, 32c12 . détso, 6c7 . detsi, IT i 130.27 . dutsi, PH 4092 . 3 s. m. and n. commonly d, Wb. 1c12 ; 1d20 , etc. do, 2a2 ; 2c6 , etc. dóu, Trip. 218.24 . dou, Todd Lect. vi 57.10 . dáu, Trip.² 2862 . Trip. 338.22 . Thes. ii 294.3 ( SP ii 15 ). With emphasizing part. vowel usually short: dossom, Wb. 6d10 ; 9d8 . dosom, 3b7 , etc., Ml. 14a4 . f. d, Wb. 11c13 , etc. di, 7b3 . díi, Fél. 4.9 . With emphasizing part.: disi, ACL iii 309.10 . 1 p. dúnn, Wb. 2d13 ; 25c9 , etc. dunn, 26b1 . duún, 3a12 ; 4b10 ; 25c10 . dúun, 4b11 ; 10c21 . dún, 14c8 ; 20d15 , etc. dun, 14c9 . duin, FB § 49 . In later lang. dú(i)nn. With emphasizing part.: dúnni, Wb. 1a3 ; 3c15 . dunni, Ml. 110d12 , 13 . dúni, 121b13 . dúinniu, IT i 129.2 . dúnai (: clūdhai), ACL iii 298 § 58 . 2 p. dúib, Wb. 3b8 , 12 ; 6c25 , etc. duib, 13b3 ; 33b8 . duíb, 24a26 . In Mid. Ir. also dib, PH 761 , 1075 ; dib, 1433 . In later lang. daoibh. With emphasizing part.: dúibsi, Wb. 3b13 . dúbsi, 15d8 (a prima manu). 3 p. dóib, Wb. 6c24 ; 30d8 , etc. doib, 1d6 ; 12b2 . duaib, Thes. ii 238.13 ; 240.17 (Ardm.). dáib, PH 7392 . doaib, Sg. 50a3 . AU 687 , 797 . SR 7272 (sic leg.). With emphasizing part.: doibsom, Wb. 13a31 . ¤sem, 28d19 .

With poss. 1 s. dom: dum, Thes. ii 241.12 ; dumm imdídnaad, 13 . 2 s. dot: dut, Ml. 2d5 . Mid. Ir. dot, dod, do do. 3 s. dia; doa, Anecd. iii 48.5 ; 58.9 . 1 p. diar, Wb. 2d2 . dear (archaic), Thes. ii 245.8 (Cambr.) Mid.Ir. also dar: dár ṅdeeb-ni, PH 709 . 2 p. do far fírianugud, Wb. 3b27 . do bor mbrethugud, FB § 57 . do bar taig, SR 4829 . dia bhar saighidh, BNnÉ 303 § 12 . 3 p. dia n-. doa n-, Fianaig. 34.12 . Mon. Tall. § 59 , 62 . dua, RC xi 452.141 . Later also dá. See ZCP xxiv 227 ; xxv 254 .

With rel. dia n-: indí dia ruchretsid-si, Wb. 8c11 . intí dia ndílgid-si, 14d24 . secht mbráthre dia mbo . . . carcar, Fél. July 10 . dua mberar, Mon. Tall. § 11 . See 1 is. Mid. Ir. also da (dá): dontí da tucus, IT i 124.22 . With neg. dona, donach: dona-robu gnath, Ml. 129d3 . fer . . . dunar-ructhae act oentuistiu, Thes. ii 241.9 (Ardm.). do nach bis on to him who has it not, Laws iv 240 .

With alaile (araile): dialailiu, Ml. 87d13 . IT i 67.8 . díarailiu, FB § 55 . diaroli fir, PH 1483 .

To, for, etc. Used in O.Ir. Glosses (a) to translate Lat. ad, Wb. 3b14 ; 30d10 ; 16b5 (cid do uáir gl. etsi ad horam, the Lat. being literally translated), Tur. 35 . Ml. 15a16 ; 16a8 . Sg. 3b30 ; 67b10 ; 188a18 ; 217a7 . Thes. i 498.23 . (b) to render a dat., Wb. 9b8 ; 18c2 ; 28a5 . Ml. 2d10 ; 15b8b ; 17c11 . Sg. 20a6 ; 41b12 ; 69b7 ; 193a3 ; 209b6 ; 214a3 . Acr. 8a2 ; 13b3 . PCr. 65b2 . Thes. ii 34.29 ; cf. Caeur .i. do Chaieur (Cáieur being explained as dat. of Cáier), Corm. Y 698 . Hence:

A Introducing the terminus ad quem; in phrases expressing purpose, etc.

I Of destination after vbs. of motion, etc.: cumtach don fothu building to the foundation, Wb. 8c18 . téicht do Róim, Thes. ii 296.3 . lotar dia crích, FB § 56 . eirg dot thoigh, BS 44 . ho persin do persin, Sg. 209b12 . o thír do thír, SR 6835 . a inad d'inad, Laws iv 36.12 . With ellipse of vb. of motion: co cúalatar culgaire carpait dund insi (coming) to the island, SCC § 17 . Hence with pron. 3 s. n. expressing motion, see 2 dó. With abstracts: massu thol atomaig do that drives me to it, Wb. 10d26 . adcuiretar do hógi they return to integrity, Sg. 73b2 . Similarly in expressions like téit do applies to, téit do láim, gaibid do láim; dabeir d'a óid, etc. (see 1 téit, gaibid, lám, etc.).

II With follg. vn. in phrases expressing purpose.

(a) Prec. by vb.: is do immarchor chóre dotíagat it is to carry peace they come, Wb. 5a5 . todiusgadar ind anim do dénum maith, 5c18 . ní du for fogail dodeochammar-ni, SCC § 13 . dul d'fhios na sagart dá nglanadh, TSh. 375 . Cf. further: indíi adchobra-som do hícc those whom he desires to save, Wb. 28b1 . cid comarlecther foraib do daul immach that leave should be given them to go out, Mon. Tall. § 53 .

In prayers, wishes, etc., with ellipsis of vb.: Día dom chobair ar cech ṅguasacht (may) God (come) to my aid, Hy. vi 3 . cíall Dé dom imthus, Thes. ii 356.8 . dó (do +3 s. neut. pron.) to that end, for that purpose , anticipating a follg. vn. or clause or referring to a foregoing one: is do arroiéit-sa gratiam, do precept do chách, Wb. 6d14 . dó dobreth biad la Duid, | dia nertad, SR 6450 . acht má dothisad Arddrí secht nime dó ní reg-sa I will not go though . . . should come to force me, Trip.² 1355 . is do dodeochadsa . . . con-écius duib a scel-sa, Ériu ii 104 .

(b) Prec. by noun: dliged remdeicsen do dechrugud etir maithi ┐ ulcu a law of providence to distinguish between good and bad, Ml. 19d2 . huare nád robatar suin do shlund in dúildetad, Sg. 45b1 . nidat uain dia n-airlegunn thou hast no leisure to read them, Anecd. v 2 .

(c) Prec. by adj.: irlaim do dul bais, Wb. 16a3 . gilla comadas do faire dūine ríg, FB § 89 . is saidbir in spirut nóeb do thídnocul cecha maithiusa, PH 5454 . ni bfuil rí . . . is fearr do thabairt tuarustail, Ériu viii 136 . Cf. also: batar inricci du báas worthy of death, Wb. 5c14 .

III In follg. in sense of Eng. as (lit. for the purpose of being, to serve as): bíid-son do thogarthid this then is (for) a vocative, Sg. 78a2 . pauper laṡuide do fhemun he regards p. as a feminine, 64b5 . bíit a triur do anmaim ind eiúin gl. vultur et vulturus et vulturius, 93a2 . non fit do anmimm díles, 31b21 . conid riagolda caro dond ainmmnid c. is regular as the nominative, 93b5 ; 104b5 . mōrthar occa Cathluain . . . do rig foraibh, Todd Nenn. 140 . daine chaithit do biudh they eat human beings as food, RC xxxiv 308 . ó taoi dam' iarraidh d'óglách since you want me for a servant, A. Ó Dálaigh l 16 .

IV With vn. to express the idea of entering upon or continuing in a state or action: a mbátar do lepthugud when they were (on the point of?) going to bed IT i 67 . cid 'mo atai diar lenamuin? why art thou pursuing us? SR 1722 . mun beith cailleach an mhuilinn d'atach Christ frim, BS 122 . Impers.: do muintir in fhir atathar do crochad, PH 3172 . Used redundantly: int Ísu oc a raba Hiruath d'iarraid, 2841 . in banliccerd occatathar d'iarraid, Anecd. iv p. xvi = oc atathar cuingidh, p. 93 .

With poss. in passive sense: an uair bhíos dá chor amach when he is being evicted, TSh. 794 . go raibhe dá ilchéasadh so that he was being tortured, 564 .

V The construction subst. + do + vn. In sentences of the type (a) ansu liumsa ind oís anechtir dia fius it is more grievous to me that the outland folk should know it, Wb. 16d12 (where ind oís is virtual subject of the vn.) and (b) ní date leu in coimdiu do crochad it is not agreeable to them that the Lord was crucified (lit. to crucify the Lord), 8a6 (where in coimdiu is virtual object of the vn.), the O.Ir. construction is identical; in both sentences the case of the nouns oís , coimdiu is determined by their syntactical relation to the whole sentence, that of subject, while do + vn. stands in syntactical relation not to the whole sentence but to the noun, its function being that of a gerund. Similarly in the sentence: cocarad chaingnimu du denum he loved to do good deeds, Ml. 14a8 , the subst. caingnímu is the object of the sentence while du denum has the meaning for the doing, to be done. Exceptions are, however, frequent, see below. In each of the sections 1-4 the subsection (a) consists of exx. where the subst. is the virtual subject of the vn., (b) of exx. where it is the virtual object.

1 Subst. is subject of the whole sentence and therefore nom. case.

(a) dofórmaich fochricc dosom sochude do creittim tria precept that a multitude has believed through his preaching increaseth the reward for him, Wb. 1b5 . issed as brig la Dia menmae do biuth hi figraib that the mind should be in the symbols, Thes. ii 255.13 . saoth lem int aos leigind do dul ind ifern, ZCP viii 470 . ba lonn lais in mnai cuil do bith oc Hiruath he was indignant that the adulteress should be with H., PH 861 . (Infl. of Lat. accus. and infin. constr.?)

(b) is maith int óis éula do accaldam, Wb. 3c4 . is bésad leusom in fid do thóbu, 5b42 . nipu techta in briathar diadhai . . . do scriphund ind oenluc, Hib. Min. 96 . is cóir ind almsu do thabairt, PH 6136 . With accus. of subst. (in first two exx. perh. dat. for nom.): is ferr dó in almsain do thabairt, PH 4969 (= melius est elimosinam dare, LB 47b55 ). dlegar dínn ar n-imcaissin do thimorcain, PH 6870 . ba machtnadh lasna Felistindaibh na fioru nomarbdais d'faicsin do cathughadh friu, Leb. Gab.(i) 146 .

2 Subst. as object of sentence (rarer in O.Ir.).

(a) nisn-águr dom díchill I do not fear that they will neglect me, Hy. v 105 . rocúala in n-eress cetna do fhorbairt, Thes. ii 311 . ni fitir in mnai dia brath he knew not that the woman was betraying him, SR 3207 . rocuala Sattan in uli noemu do shubugud, PH 3819 . With nom. for accus.: cuirfid [diabul] na boill d'fhognum do fén, 7799 . atfét Lucás aingil do thidecht do nim, 3043 .

(b) cocarad chaingnimu du denum, Ml. 14a8 . itconnacabar bar náimtiu do bádud, PH 1713 . forcongair D. cnamu do thabairt hi cuthi, 1219 . With nom. for accus.: atbert fria múintir int apstal do thuarcain, PH 2141 . atbert Ner na hapstail do cúibrech, 1858 . atcondairc-som ind figeill . . . do dílgud, Mon. Tall. § 22 .

3 Subst. is governed by a prep.

(a) for riaguil do buith isnaib anmanaib-se dotėt híc he touches on the fact that there is a rule, Sg. 108a3 . fre terci . . . do tecmung, Mon. Tall. § 12 .

(b) hua anmmaim ailiu do thórmuch friss, Sg. 30b4 . Cain Patraic . . . cen chleirciu do marbad, Thes. ii 306 . tria doirse . . . na cathrach do forbrissiud, SR 5348 . ar meisge ó chaoraibh na fíneamhna d'ithe, TSh. 8421 .

4 Subst. in genitive relation to sentence.

(a) cui[n]chid flaithiusa Dé do thuidecht, PH 7907 .

(b) cen imcabáil `cum nobis' do epirt, Sg. 203a8 . ruc leis tásc a muintiri do marbad do E., FB § 69 . tar cend cissa ┐ indmussa do thabairt do, PH 51 . ré linn choróine do chur ar an impire, TSh. 661 .

5 The construction subst. + do + vn. may be used absolutely with force of the Lat. gerundive: ind .u. do accomol frisin fers ṅdédenach the `u' is to be added, Sg. 136a2 . um do glanad i nderiud ferso `um' is to be elided, 136a1 . Hence in continuation of prec. clause: dia n-oscailter in chomla sa ┐ diabul do ligad istech if . . . and the devil be admitted, PH 7797 . is mairg thic annsa saegul-sa ┐ na huilc-si do thecht trit, 7791 .

6 Subst. + do + vn. replacing finite tenses (esp. in annals): Góidil immorro do rad dib o Goediul Glas they are called G., Thes. ii 316 . Lugaig du gabail rige nErenn took the kingship of Ireland, MacCarthy 306 . bellum do madhmaim for hU Fiachrach, AU 815 .

B Introducing a dative.

I Introducing indirect object (generally name of a person).

(a) With trans. vbs. denoting giving, granting, assigning, offering, etc.: do-beir, daimid, do-indnaig, dálaid etc. (see under individual vbs.). With vbs. of telling, revealing, promising, etc.: in-fét (ad-fét), as-indet, (Mid. Ir. indissid), do-adbat, do-airchain, etc. Under the same head may be placed cases like: hore doninfedam etargne Crist do chách we inspire in all, Wb. 14d32 ; do Christ cachain ailli unto C. he sang praise, Fél. Apr. 26 . Exceptionally with as-beir says: asbert G. do na feoldenmaigib, PH 1432 . With vbs. of ordering, commanding, advising, etc.: lasse forcongur fírinni dúib, Wb. 19d25 . rohordaig in guth dona nemdaib, SR 606 . ro erb don mac mebrugud a aiccepta, Fél. p. 12 . molaid do advises (but molaid + acc. praises ). With vbs.of forgiving, remitting: dorolaig Dia do in n-uaill dorigni, Ml. 50d15 . romaith C. a dá trían . . . dá thigernu, LL 111b40 ( RC xiv 430 ). With vbs. of asking, entreating, praying, etc.: frecre do neoch immechomarcar duit, Sg. 197b10 . condartin do arrogáid dom what he asked of me, 209b26 . cech ní rochuinges do Dia, Thes. ii 318.39 . With vbs. of ascribing, referring, imputing, etc.: a n-adruirmed do Abracham what has been reckoned unto A., Wb. 2d7 . duaisilbi do a scribend, Thes. ii 225.28 . So also with as-beir ascribes; assigns (a name), calls: asbeir-som a n-accobor don spirut, Wb. 4b3 . ní eperr acht hilar dóib do-gres (referring to Gemini), Sg. 73a11 . is airi asberthe emisarius don buc the goat was called `emissarius', Tur. 110e . Similarly with vbs. of naming, gairmid, ainmnigid. With vbs. of allowing: issamlid léicfimmi-ni doibsom aisndis, Ml. 14d10 . nir fulaing d'ēnduine a glacudh, ZCP ix 248 . With vbs. of causing, doing (someth. to someone): imfolngi comrorcain do sochaidi, Ml. 56b9 . dogní trumai ndo causes heaviness to it, 20a19 . Of comparing, adapting, etc.: ithé sidi conṅdelggaddar do persanaib, Sg. 39a11 . dligid is entitled to takes do (later de) of pers. (see dligid).

(b) Freq. in intrans. constr. with vbs. denoting to serve, yield, obey; rule; oppose, injure, offend; satisfy, please; believe, trust; thank (atluchedar buide); assent; greet; answer, correspond; suit; indulge, spare, pity, etc.; deny, refuse (a number of these verbs show other constructions also, see s.v.): bad dú Dia fognem gl. Domino servientes, Wb. 5d19 . roirladigsetar genti do hiriss, 7c16 . sléchtid Isserninus du Pátricc, Thes. ii 241 . Currech Life . . . is terc rí dia rodamain to whom he yielded, Metr. Dinds. iii 234 . tigernaigit ┐ follamnaigit do na cóic gradaib, PH 6242 . cor urchoidigh a truma dóibh, CCath. 2075 . manu toltnaiged do, Sg. 72b6 . rochreitset do precept, Wb. 24d23 . atluchur do Dia, 3b19 . an olcc dia cocéitbani to which thou consentest, 1c10 . co robennach cach díb dia chele, Thes. ii 335 . frisgair in testemin-se dondaib dligedaib, Sg. 193b6 . immidaircet do Christ which are appropriate to C., Ml. 2d4 . arcessi do neoch bes meldach less, Wb. 4c19 . dlomis Fíacc dóib, Thes. ii 242 . Also with vbs. of happening, befalling, meeting, etc. , including certain cases of intrans. vbs. of motion: ni do cach brethir tecming persona not all vbs. have personal inflection, Sg. 161a1 . is ann dorala dosom a denam, Thes. ii 299 . amal forcoémnacair do Loegairiu, FB § 83 . doroacht saegul sír damsa, Ériu iv 132 . intan tanic dó lobrai, Thes. ii 318 .

(c) With many adjs. and abstracts denoting proximity, likeness, equality, identity and their opposites; relationship; figurative relations (fitness, propriety, possession, etc.) and feelings (in sense towards, Lat. erga). In many cases it is hard to decide whether the ex. belongs to this or the following section (II): is nesa do geintib, Wb. 2b17 . fri praenomen cosmail do, Sg. 28a15 . is cotarsne don dúalig in sualig, Wb. 9b8 . immar-bdais meic dó, PH 4097 . húere atta mbrāthir dūnd since they are kinsmen of ours, ZCP viii 316 . combat irlithi geinti do hiriss obedient to the faith, Wb. 7c14 . is do is dír anní is psalmus , Hib. Min. 281 . is foluss dún it is evident to us, Sg. 40b14 . rop trócar rí nime dún, Hy. vi 23 . do bhádar cennsa do Chiarán, SG 3 . serc Dǽ dúibsi et for serc-si do Dia `God's love to you' (rather your love for God, etc. , see III (c) below), Wb. 18b21 . is miscuis do Dia, 3d33 . écennais . . . do na pecdachaib, PH 3478 . do marbadh iad ó esgcáirdib dhóib by enemies of theirs, SG 7 .

(d) After certain interjections: monuar dhamh, BS 40 . ach ach do ail alas for the stone! LL 181a32 . ach do phéin, ACL iii 236 § 10 . uch d'aithis, LB 106b57 . uchachan . . . don gabad fil ar mo chinn, ACL iii 233 . fochen duit a Loig, SCC § 16 (cf. fochen Conall . . . fochen Cet, IT i 103 , 104 ). mochen duib, IT i 99 .

II Introducing the person (or thing) interested in an action, state, event, or circumstance.

1 Dat. of interest in strict sense (including the dativus commodi vel incommodi) after vbs., substantives, and adjs.

(a) fo besad fir trebuir crenas tíir dia chlaind, Wb. 29d23 . condaig indocbáil dia thigerni et non sibi ipsi , 8d20 . roshuidig . . . manistir dó (= sibi monasterium conlocavit), Lat. Lives 91 . tafnetar coin alta dí wolves hunted (it) for her, Hy. v 60 . ni accim maith dúib I see no good for you, TBC-LL¹ 1780 . noco treciub duit . . . immāin tāna bó Cualṅge I will not abandon for thy sake, 1661 . dona hurtroighib rodolba Banba do macaib Miled which B. fashioned for (= against) the sons of M., Corm. Y 949 (dat. incomm.). nech diuscai debuith dia brathair who stirs up mischief against, Ériu vii 162 . cuimnigidh . . . do clandaibh Cuinn a n-anuabhar remember against, ZCP xiv 229 .

Freq. with parts of body, somet. in combination with a poss. pron.: ní forroim cid drisiuc for toind dó, TBC-I¹ 1206 . co rogab sonn in dúne dóib dar sróin, Metr. Dinds. iii 82 . gebid dúrna dar a gnúis dó, PH 2331 .

The dat. incommodi is freq. after vbs. (both trans. and intrans.) denoting a hostile movement, attack, etc.: dosleic dóib he shoots at them, SCC § 7 . focherd N. aurchor dó, TBC-I¹ 1292 . rodibairg in ngai dó, RC iii 178 . atraig cech fer di alailiu, IT i 67 . dús in fagbad . . . taidbsiu (leg. taidbsin?) do thir na talmain, SR 2584 , cf. 5823 . mairfit Ulaid a mblechtach do gressaib ┐ glammaib . . . dar cend a n-enig the U. will kill their milch-kine (to ward off) attacks and lampoons (in Folge von Beleidigungen und Satiren, Wind.), TBC-LL¹ 1737 .

(b) After nouns and adjs.: rop ámm tusmeda do mnái in rig, Lat. Lives 66 . oénach diar n-ócaib a gathering-place for our youths, Metr. Dinds. ii 80 . lx bliadan robo lān do Patraic, Thes. ii 313 . ba terc cach n-adbar dó, Imr. Brain i 52 . in lám is dílmain dom my disengaged hand, Fél. p. 200 . Esp. after a subst. employed as pred. with the copula: sóire do chách ar sóire-ni, Wb. 14b11 . togu damsa aní sin, Thes. ii 225.18 . issi in bānmartre du duiniu, 247 . ní lesainm dait Cuculaind, FB § 11 . anas muir glan don nói . . . is mag meld . . . damsa, Imr. Brain § 34 .

Note also: attroilli dúnn delegi (= diligi) a nobis he deserves of us to be loved by us, Wb. 2d13 . is doib-sin rochan in senchaid of them the shanachie has sung, Fianaig. 4 . sir in baile . . . don litin search the town for the porridge, SG 243 . do bhatur . . . ag iarraidh Erenn do scela Tana, ZCP ix 244 . atcondairc-siom ind figeill . . . do dílgud i Tamlachti do Chaindech excused for (in honour of) C., Mon. Tall. § 22 .

2 After the copula folld. by an adj. or abstract denoting what is desirable, advantageous, usual, fit, lawful, right, indifferent, necessary, etc. , or the reverse, for a person, the virtual subject being generally a vn., infinitive phrase or clause, e.g. is áil (maith, olc, mairg, bés, gnáth, cet, cóir, dliged, geiss, cumme, écen, etc.) dó; further in a variety of expressions such as: is fír (gó) dó; is cian (éim, fota, mithid) dó. For exx. see these words, and cf. further: nír fhírda dó dul don chath, SR 6903 . ba féliu duit th'immfholuch oldás teiched it were nobler for you to hide yourself, TBC-LL¹ 1973 . is col dúin dia foirglem it is a sin for us to assert it, Fél. Ep. 98 . cathugud ceilgi as clē dūind, ACL iii 327 § 30 . ni hidan lais dondhí da taberr a thaechtad he does not consider it clean dealing for the person . . . to keep it, Mon. Tall. § 41 . Contrast: is maith dom it is good for me with is m. limm I deem it a good thing: is lesc lim-sa inní sin, bar C., teiched ria n-oenfer . . . Ni lesc ám duit-siu ón, bar F., dáig techfet-sa remut-su, TBC-LL¹ 2875 . ní ba fochen leu a forcital the teaching will not be welcome to them, Wb. 30d7 . is fochen dóib they are welcome, IT i 99 . is ced dó a bith marb masa ced ra Dia let him die (lit. he has leave to die) if God permits, Moling § 62 . in annso is áil duit airisiumh? — Massedh as áil le Dia, as ann, BNnÉ 17 § 30 . in tol damsa . . . anadh sunn? is it (God's) will for me to remain here? 79 § 152 .

3 Used as the Lat. dativus ethicus (dative of pers. interested in a statement) with an imperative; only with pronouns: an dún we pray thee to wait, CRR § 6 . apair dam fri mac Saráin, Ériu iii 96 § 1 . teilg-su dún orchur forru, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 . ling dūinn lēim dona lēimennuibh sin rolingthea, BS 62 .

4 Used with subst. vb. to denote loosely possession, appurtenances, etc. ; freq. with an adv. of place, in which case it is hardly to be distinguished from cases given under II 1 (a) above: issed file do hodie this is (the form) it has at present, Sg. 140a3 . ataat ilsenman dosuidiu it has many sounds, Wb. 12c46 . dechor inna pían bete donaib pecthachaib, 13c26 . fail a mor-abba dam I have good cause, TBC-LL¹ 219 . ni bia tarba do draidechta duit, PH 2187 . ni be mundteras dó fri banscala let him have no friendship with women, Mon. Tall. § 61 . Exceptionally with copula: ? combed doib foraithmet bed torbach that there should be to them a profitable recollection, Ml. 23a2 . bid duit rige Lagen co brath, Thes. ii 341.19 . céinmair dia mba findchride, Imr. Brain § 28 .

5 With subst. vb. in the idiom: atú dó I am concerned with him, have to deal with him, generally with hostile significance I am angry with him, have something against him; oft. in impers. constr.: ished inso romboth dossom that is why they were angry with him, Wb. 19a9 , cf. 5b31 . is hed dathar dún gl. maledicimur quod speramus, 28d4 , cf. 21c9 . ni nach cin aile notaid dom it is for no other fault you are hostile to me, 19d26 . cid tai-siu don mac? what have you against the lad? TBC-LL¹ 1041 , cf. 940 , 1144 . rohinnisedh dó in fāth 'ma rabas dó, Moling § 51 . cidh 'ma bfuile damh?, ZCP x 10 . tacram a scel . . . atái dam `the matter with which thou reproachest me', Ériu vii 225 . The idiom: cid di atái? what ails thee? LL 202a9 , where do is used with neut. rel. pron., may perhaps rather be explained as an elliptical construction under the head A II; as also the later idiom: gá táim dó (why should I dwell on it?): furtacht Banba . . . gá ttá mé dho . . . ag so an té dar tairrngireadh, 3 C 3, 633.11 .

6 Used with ellipse of copula in the interrogation cid dó . . . ? why (does) he . . . ? (lit. what is it to him? with emphasis on pron.): cid dait gan a gabail aní gabas cách? why dost thou not take . . . ? TBC-LL¹ 3042 . cid dún can techt i n-agid Conculaind? why should we not go? TBC-I¹ 1484 (LU). cid duit mo ṡarugadh-sa do dhenamh?, ZCP viii 553 . cid dait-siu ná bad lat in curathmír why shouldst not thou have the champion's bit? FB § 8 .

7 Often used in impers. constr. after the copula to introduce the virtual subj. when the predicate is (a) an adverbial expression, or somet. (b) an adj., or (c) an interrog. adv.

(a) ní úainni duib-si ye are not from us, Wb. 18b9 . ní i n-óen diaithir doib they are not in one orbit, BCr. 18d5 . fora fóessam dún may we be under their protection, Hy. v 106 . bá doigh leo comad a sídib di, TE § 5 ( IT i 120 ). fa righ ┐ sagart Melcisideic ┐ mar an gceudna do Chríost, Eochairsg. 26 . Especially after DE followed by noun in pl. to denote class to which the virtual subject belongs (see Bergin, Ériu xi 149 ): de Iudéib do Barnaip, di geintib do Thit B. was a Jew, T. a Gentile, Wb. 18d6 . di Grecaib dóib huili, Sg. 31b2 . robo do mnáib glicca in domain di, Acall. 7426 . Note also: is de corpore dissi (i.e. the eye), Wb. 12a26 . Freq. joined with expressions of time, the copula being omitted: bliadain lan dó oc tinól na flede, FB § 1 . for tuili doib . . . cethracha lá ┐ aidche, SR 2523 , cf. 4820 .

(b) ní segda dom, Trip.² 1765 . madh calma duitsiu inā dósom if thou art more valiant than he, Ériu v 152 . conadh treisi don toictiu inas duin that Fate is stronger than we, CCath. 4072 .

(c) can duibse? whence are ye? Sg. 242a2 . can deit a ingen? TE § 5 ( IT i 120 ). cinnas do a rad . . . ? why should he say . . .?, Thes. ii 311.19 . cinnus do sluagh tire Temrach? how is it with the host . . .?, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 .

8 Freq. used after vbs. in impers. construction, esp. compds. with imm- denoting reciprocal action: ní 'manacige dó frim-sa he shall not see me, Ériu ii 194 . comorogaib dóib a ndís the pair grappled with each other, Metr. Dinds. iii 82 . imatarla doib, Anecd. v 11 . imatarraid dūn, ib. immotaéth dóib both sides will fall, LL 275a30 . immacomsinitar dóib, FB § 38 . With intrans. vbs.: ó thánic dóib co dérgud, FB § 80 . ó do chomraic dóib i n-aeninud when they met, SG 360 . anais don Caillin i Tul[aig] C. remained, Fen. 180 . With subst. vb.: fil dún ó thossuch dúle cen áiss we are without age, Imr. Brain § 44 . fochtus Diarmait innus na bé ndi, RC xi 129 . Cf. further: robá-sa i n-imṡnim mor . . . co roglé dam till I arrived at a decision, IT i 98 . co roglé dó a caithim uile, BNnÉ 300 . co tair damh-sai aislingi . . . d'indisin duit till I have finished telling you my dream, MacCongl. 117 . With ellipse of vb.: as tir duit get thee out of the country, RC xx 24 . dún sís dond ath down with us to the ford, TBC-I¹ 1193 . dochum na chuchdiri dóib, Mon. Tall. § 12 .

III Introducing agent after passive (finite), verbal of necess., and (most freq.) vn.

(a) After pass. vb.: imberthar fidcella dún let us play chess, SCC § 3 . toirimt[h]er tōraind in lis don mnái, Corm. Y 502 . doberar dam duid gid ni nar chuindgis thou shalt receive from me, YBL 167a4 . doces do co roba ben he perceived (it seemed to him?) that it was a woman, Todd Nenn. 210 . cumachta na flatha dia tardad in fín, LL 282b3 `by whom the wine was given', Meyer, GJ iv 217 .

(b) After verbal of necess. and participial adjs. compounded with in-: ní tabarthi dímess do neoch for nach n-énirt, Wb. 6c19 . ni denti duib-si anisin, Ml. 82a7 . connarb inríata dó in chonar, FB § 36 . is inchreidte dóibh they ought to believe, Eochairsg. 21.34 .

(c) After vn. both of trans. and intrans. vbs.: airitiu colno do Christ, Wb. 31d2 . tre atlogud buide donaib nóibaib thanksgiving by the saints, 17a3 . slige dund aingiul inna nAssar the slaying of the A. by the angel, Ml. 16c12 . rena richtin du Pool before P. reached it, Thes. i 495 ( Ardm. 107b ). fer do marbad do Moise, SR 3726 . scrin Dochoma do briseadh doaibh, AU 797 . (Intrans. vb.) magthad lasuidiu cretem do geintib, Wb. 5a1 . oc techt dam dar Maig L., SCC § 34 . buid domsa i n-iriss, Wb. 5b20 . iure feidligthe disi i n-ógi by the principle of its remaining in integrity, Sg. 16a14 .

With IAR and vn.: iarna grísad dond araid on being urged on by the charioteer, FB § 43 . iar ndiultad do Petar a thigerna, PH 605 . iar mbeith ceangailte d'ár lámhaibh (= ligatis manibus), TSh. 6762 . ar gclos a anma d'Éirinn, SG 1 .

dodúalaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dodúalaig or dil.ie/17508

ind atré in rí . . . cona chroich deirg dodúalaig | fria aiss , SR 8271 . do+dúalig? Or cf. 2 dúalach, tredúalach?

do-érni

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-érni or dil.ie/17581

Forms: doérnai, doérnói, ternó-, térnam, ta-érna, ternóidhthear

v (* to-ess-ro-snī-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 635 ), pret. 3 s. doérnai, doérnói. Later treated as a simple vb. with stem terná- or ternó-, mod. téarnuigh-; IGT Verbs § 11 . Vn. térnam.

(a) gets away, escapes: marbthair rí Lagen sin cath, | ┐ térnaid rí Temrach, LL 299a38 . meinic térnus . . . sochaide dá mbí i ngábod, SG 345 . ternóidhit tar aiss ōn Eigipt, Fl. Earls 112 . da ternar . . . asin cath if I escape, CCath. 4046 . guidim-se . . . co rotherna indiu Molling, | ní thaeth do rinn ná d'faebur, SG 388 . ternam uile (.i. roérnam) may we all escape, Thes. ii 349.100 (Hy. v). ternam a baes let us escape from folly, Ériu ii 66 . ar nach omon risam tisam ternamar, ZCP x 345 = Rawl. 106b41 . ní gonad C. nech ar a térnád from whom he escaped, TBC-LL¹ 2413 . do-érnaba fessin, BDD § 102 g . = ta-érna (fut. 2 s.), BDD² 728 . toernae . . . assin orguin, BDD § 80 . piana . . . o nach ternaife tré bíthe, Aisl. Tond. xiii 3 . ternaife-sa féin ┐ térnaifeat do géill, Lism. L. 310 ; Lat. Lives 63 . is æn do cétaib nama do neoch dib doernaba, LB 242b86 . gid bed uaind ternabus asin comrug, Aen. 3122 . ní thernábad nech uad, TTr.² 1171 . dobérab scandir for in sluagh conná ternáifed béo dib uad, 1173 . ba dóigh lais nach tternaifedh gan troid ón dá tíghearna, AFM v 1570 . eirg, a mic . . . for muncind mara | cain ternais thou hast got safely through, ML 162 . ar aba écca an aoinfhir sin daérna uadhaibh, AFM vi 2298 . co napatar . . . cenmotha deichneabhar doérná, Leb. Gab.(i) 208 . amail sóersai Samsón | térnae (ternai, terno, terna, v.l.) assin chathir who escaped, Fél. Ep. 544 . térnai Dair iarna guin, Alex. 278 . térnai do rind gái, TTr.² 159 . muir nemthonnach . . . nach n-ethar rotnánic nocho ternoi ass, Ériu ii 112 . bertaigis forro, connā terna (ternó, LU) ní dona cóic gaiscedaib dēc, TBC-I¹ 556 . conna terno nech dia muinter, 2896 . ionnus nach teurnó do chlannaibh N. acht lucht aon-bháirce, Keat. i 184 . ni ḟeadamair-ni an terna ass nō nach dterno, MR 276 . in ternam terna Ionas fáid the escape which I had, PH 3432 . térna tuath Dé dá tír, Todd Nenn. 230 ( LL 134a2 ). ni therna don tromdígail . . . óen fer dona mórslúagaib, SR 5070 . ni terna cidh sciula orcne ass, Corm. Y 323 . ni terna dib acht lucht aen-ethair, AU 755 . terna Daniel o na leomnaib, Rawl. 74a17 . amail ternais D. asan cuithe leoman, Grail 2377 . a ndoernáttar ass, Hugh Roe 318 . ni slán térnatar they did not escape unhurt, TFerbe 429 . is cuntabair[t] in térnatar na oegaire, LL 283a2 . ternatar slán i tír, BColm. 94 . doérnaisiot la luas a n-ech, AFM vi 1976 . do ernaidhset, Leb. Gab.(i) 218 . Pass. (impers.) ní ternóidhthear beo on beim sin, CF 768 . mad coscrach cathbuadach thérnáidhter de, TTr.² 104 . Of passing out of one state into another: focherd in laech síde lossa ┐ lubi íci . . . i n-ilgonaib Conculaind, co ternó Cúch. ina chotlud, TBC-I¹ 1827 LU = co terno, TBC-LL¹ 2480 (hence tearnódh .i. thuitim: go tternó ina chodladh .i. gur thuit na codladh, O'Cl. ). Esp. of recovery from illness, etc.: dogní ernaighthi lais ┐ térnaidh fo céttóir, Moling § 61 . drong eile ternus ┐ drong eile geibh bas, 3 C 19, 19b19 . is luath bid ar meisce ┐ is luath ternaighit re, O'Gr. Cat. 216 . cia notherna do nach galar, Laws i 280 Comm. fios do bheth agad an tternochaidh fer na tissise, 24 P 3, 222.20 . na fiabrais o ternuighter nó ina bhfaghthar bas, 162.2 .

(b) goes away, vanishes, disappears: téarna mo lúth a's mo neart have failed, Oss. vi 152 . do thearnóig fuil mo mheair, CF 138 Eg. gidh int-én la ar aba úi Chuinn | fada go dtérná thoruinn even a single day . . . passed slowly by, O'Gr. Cat. 453 . is cosmhuil mo laethe re scáile noch théarnuighios, Psalms cii 11 . gnáthugud Fursu . . . tri mírenna sáille do ithe co rothérnad gail na piasta, Fél. p. 44 (`that he might abate', as if from do-airindi). an tráth do théarnaigh Donnchadh departed (this life), O'Gr. Cat. 596 . nechtar no ternoithe ar tús whichever should die first, Lism. L. xi 8 = dig, LL 278a42 .

(c) Various exx. With transference of meaning to an obj. following: minic téarnó teach nimhe | neach le héan-ló aithrighe has often escaped [and got to] heaven, A. Ó Dálaigh li 5 . gréagach an glé-ghille . . . do théarnuigh ó éacht ḟuirinn Áine i gcairt `who sprang from', Ó Bruad. ii 156 .

do-scara

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-scara or dil.ie/18443

Forms: doscara, toscara, do-da-scara, tascrat, [na]chib-tascrad, do-n-scera, notaiscérad, nothascérad, tascrais, rotascair, do-s-tascar, rothascairset, doscarthar, toscarthar, doscarad, toscartha, tascr-, trascr-, trascērthar, rothrascrus, dorascrad, do-t-rascair, do-s-rascair, doroscarsuid, dorascrad, romtresgair, threasgair, trascrad

v (* to-scar-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 614 ) Indic. pres. 3 s. doscara, LU 4885 = TBC-I¹ 398 ; TBC-I¹ 1039 YBL. toscara, LU 5239 , 5522 = TBC-I¹ 763 , 1039 . do-da-scara, YBL 121b11 . 3 pl. tascrat, O'Dav. 1526 . Ipv. 3 s. [na]chib-tascrad, Wb. 22b1 . Fut. 3 s. do-n-scera, LL 288b42 . Condit. 3 s. notaiscérad, SR 3116 . nothascérad, TTr.² 852 . Pret. 3 s. tascrais, LL 108a14 . rotascair, SR 858 . With doubling of prefix, do-s-tascar, LU 1654 . 3 pl. rothascairset, TTr.² 1869 . Pass. pres. s. doscarthar, LU 4937 = TBC-I¹ 452 . toscarthar, O'Mulc. 573 . Pass. pret. s. doscarad, TBC-LL¹ 3959 . pl. toscartha, LU 10574 . Later treated as simple vb. with stem tascr-, trascr-, the latter being the established form in late Mid. and in Mod.Ir. Pass. fut. trascērthar, PH 6063 . Pret. 1 s. rothrascrus, LL 146b45 . Hence the back-formations impf. 3 s. dorascrad, TBC-I¹ 499 (LU); pret. 3 s. do-t-rascair, TBC-I¹ 1716 . do-s-rascair, RC xxiii 330.2 (perh. also condarsgar, AU 891 ); pl. doroscarsuid (= doroscarsat), Ériu ii 3.4 ; pret. pass. dorascrad, Metr. Dinds. iii 144.13 . Also with stem tresc-: romtresgair, TBC-LL¹ 2368 . do threasgair , O'Gr. Cat. 571.35 . Vn. trascrad. IGT Verbs § 95 .

I Trans. overthrows, knocks down, lays low . In lit. sense: gabais A. a láim ┐ dostascar ┐ dogéni a coblige, RC ix 452 . bec . . . nach aram-trascair dar m'aiss , TBC-I¹ 3115 (leg. nacham-t.). benid fona maccu . . . doscara .l. macc dīb, 398 . roscāich do bruth, brattān bec dotrascair has laid thee low, TBC-I¹ 1716 . do bhuail in fer . . . gur thresgair go lár é, SG 278 . foceird caer clis asa tabhaill . . . co rustascair dia chonair, BB 365a37 . is minic do trascarthaidh sa sligid sin sinn le toirnigh we were often beaten down, Maund. 257 . rotrascair hidalu ┐ arrachtu, PH 536 . trascraid omna, O'Mulc. 809 . ni he trascras in crand, Laws v 474 Comm. fogur gaeithe . . . indar lem nothascérad (sic leg.) fidbada in betha, TTr.² 852 . gaeth notrascrad in toradh, RC xv 429 ( Dinds. 40 ). isí in gáeth . . . rothascair na toirthe anúas, Metr. Dinds. iii 182 . cor trascair griánan Bricrend fri lár talman, FB § 25 . gaoth mhór . . . go rothrasccar iol-chumhtaighthe ┐ teghdaisi, AFM 986 (ii 720) . mar fhál thrasgarthar síos, Psalms lxii 3 . tairbirid ┐ trascraid dochum n-iffir[n]d comtinól na mac mallachtan, FA § 1 . rotrascrad Lucifer de nim, MacCarthy 44 . With extension of meaning, lays low, defeats, destroys: do-n-scera a bruth, RC xiii 440 . dias righ-miled rothascair Aeneas . . . ar galaib úinfir, LL 404a4 . a n-rothascair reme do sluagaib Ulad, RC xiv 420 . co rothascairset ilmíli dona slúagaib, TTr.² 1869 . gur trasccoir treona, MR 284 . co trascra Dia a dá láim (an imprecation), 134 . trenfir trascairthi, 238 . corthascair a seilb huile .i. a oenboin, ZCP iii 4 § 8 v.l. (R). rotascrad Emain la hUltu, ZCP viii 335 . is missi rabái ar in chirt, | cia romthrascrad is tre ḟert (Diarmait m. Cerbaill), LL 149b27 . rotrasccrait ┐ roclaidhmit gan choigill la a mbiodhbadhaibh, AFM vi 2146 . rotascair a chomthocbáil subdued his insurrection, SR 858 . Fig. trasgraid in tinneas na briogha, 3 C 19, 62vb36 . traisgeorthar a bhetha sbioradálta, Ó Héodhusa 13 .

Lowers, lets down; lets fall: do trasgradh a pupula their tents were struck, Fier. 185 . droichet fo ngabhait longa dimhora cen trascradh seoil dibh without lowering sail (without their sails being knocked down?), Marco P. 136 . a ghlún go talamh do threascaradh bhiocont even a viscount would bend the knee, Hackett xxxix 286 . do threasguir a deóra ar an dtuinn she poured her tears, O'Rah. xvi 42 .

Doubtful cases: tascrat .i. astat . . . fer lobhas ria nadhmaim tascrat .i. . . . co fastaid[-er] fiadain `they bind' (?), O'Dav. 1525 (a misunderstanding? see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 614 ). is mairg ances a bidbaid | in n-inbaid do chora il-lén, | ní hí in chomairle mada, | issed rodoscara in scél, LL 146b ( PRIA xix 544 ) (`that gives rise to the tale', p. 562 ). scuris L. in carpat ┐ tascrais ind echraid `loosened the horses' (separated? Cf. the command above: fodail in n-echraid ┐ discuir in carpat), RC xiv 402 ( LL 108a14 ). gidh é an sgrioptúir dosgara (dá s., MSS) `even the Scriptures you pull to pieces', Content. vi § 17 .

II Intrans. with AR (FOR) falls on; assails, subdues, oppresses (?): cóeca ban tánac ille . . . do tascrad ar Faind . . . is dá marbad, LU 3947 ( SCC § 44 ). is he firindi in rig can trasc[r]ad for nech co hainbfirenach, YBL 167b38 . ? cia nom-thoirsed ni do rath | ni foirbsi notaiscérad if ever I rose to fortune it would not injure you (?), SR 3116 = ní horaibsi rotrascerad, BB 237b11 ; ní oraibse notrascéraind, LB 115a30 ; notraiscerainn, YBL 286a18 . ní horaibsi traiscermid `not to you shall we be oppressive', Acall. 6115 . dochuaid ar ciabair mo chiall . . . orom fadéin rothrascrus I have wrought my own mischief (?), LL 146b45 ( PRIA xix 544 ).

do-seinn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-seinn or dil.ie/18453

Forms: toibned, doseinn, du-m-sennat, dossennat, duseinned, dusésa, dusesáinn, -sésainn, dosifius, dossib, dosiph, dosēset, ndu-ndasepfainn, dosephain, dosefnatar, tafnetar, toibn-, taifn-, do-t-roiphnetar, dod-repnadar, do-m-roipnitar, do-s-roiffnetar, do-r-raiffnetar, dosennar, dosennaiter, dusente, do-t-ṡéstae, tosessa, toibn-, toifn-, rothoibnestar, rotóipniset, rotoifnethar, rotoifnithi, rotoifneadh, toibnide, tafn-, tafnid, rotafnitis, rothaféntais, rothafind, rotafuind, rothafonn, thathfainn, tafnis, rothaffniset, taphnifider, rotafned, taifn-, taipn-, taifnes, rotaifnitar, ro-s-taifnit, rotaipnedh, tafann

v (* to-senn-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 625 ) Ipv. 3 s. toibned, Ml. 44a13 . Indic. pres. 3 s. doseinn, ZCP ii 97 § 62 . 3 pl. du-m-sennat, Ml. 39c28 . dossennat, LU 3786 ( SCC § 36 ). Impf. 3 s. duseinned, Ml. 41d10 . Subj. pres. 1 s. cu dusésa , Ml. 61c16 . Impf. 1 s. dusesáinn (leg. -sésainn), Ml. 41c5 . Fut. 1 s. dosifius, RC xii 90 § 107 . 3 s. dossib, LU 10678 ( IT i 131 ). dosiph, ZCP ix 452.15 . 3 pl. dosēset, TBC-I¹ 3088 . Pret. 3 s. a ndu-ndasepfainn , Ml. 36d17 . dosephain (dosefain, v.l.), Hy. v 57 . 3 pl. dosefnatar, Hy. v 62 . tafnetar, 60 . Perf. 3 pl. (perh. back-formations from stem toibn-, taifn-, see below): do-t-roiphnetar, BDD § 166 = dod-repnadar, BDD² 1515 (see p. 118). do-m-roipnitar, LU 3867 ( SCC § 38 ). do-s-roiffnetar, LL 146a26 . do-r-raiffnetar, 285a7 .

Pass. pres. s. dosennar, ZCP xi 97 § 62 . pl. dosennaiter, viii 103.22 . Impf. s. lasse dusente , Ml. 142b4 . Subj. impf. s. do-t-ṡéstae, Ériu i 200.9 . Pret. pl. tosessa, LU 6748 ( BDD § 26 ) (dosesa, v.l.).

Later treated as a simple vb. with stem

(a) toibn- (toipn-, toifn-). Perf. 3 s. rothoibnestar (rotobnestar, v.l.), Thes. ii 341.31 . pl. rotóipniset, 342.35 . Pass. pres. (with ro-) rotoifnethar, Hugh Roe 134.28 . Subj. impf. pl. rotoifnithi, AFM vi 2216.11 . Pret. rotoifneadh, 2130.19 . ? toibnide, Lec. 77a15 .

(b) tafn-: Indic. pres. 3 s. tafnid, PH 2587 . Impf. 3 s. rotafnitis, Cog. 180.18 . Condit. 3 pl. rothaféntais, TTr.² 1467 . Perf. 3 s. rothafind, SR 6405 . rotafuind, RC xvii 19.24 (Tig.). ro-s-tafaind, PH 2532 . rothafonn, TTr.² 1523 . do thathfainn , Keat. ii 719 , 3590 . tafnis, TFerbe 492 . 3 pl. rothaffniset, 317 . Pass. fut. taphnifider, Lib. Flav. i 31rb . Perf. rotafned, (c) taifn- (taibn-, taipn-) Pret. 3 s. taifnes, CCath. 194 . 3 pl. rotaifnitar, Thes. ii 342.35 . Pass. perf. ro-s-taifnit, PH 7223 . rotaipnedh, CCath. 5769 .

Vn. tafann. IGT Verbs § 54 . See 2 taifnigid.

Pursues, drives, hunts: gl. persequi, Ml. 36d17 , 39c28 , 41c5 , d10 , 44a13 , 61c16 , 142b4 . Of animals: dosennat secht n-aige (sic leg.) do Raith Cruachan, ZCP iv 34 ( TBFr. 58 ). dossib in rí inna heonu, IT i 131 . doseset a n-eti, TBC-I¹ 3088 . nír taibnither lat cloénmíla Cerna, RC xxii 391 ( BDD app. 14 ), cf. BDD § 26 . marbaidh ┐ taifnidh trét imda na caerach, SG 397 . Of persons: lúatha coin dotroiphnetar, BDD § 166 . amal tofunn dotséstae as though it were a pursuit with which thou wert pursued, Ériu i 200 (dotesta testa, v.l.). rothafonn na Mirmedónda remi, TTr.² 1523 . inti rothafaind Gulla ar dus who first routed the foreigners, Cog. 66 . rotoifneadh Goill tar a n-aiss , AFM vi 2130 . dosiph (dosip, v.l.) echtranno a hinsib, ZCP ix 452 . robris C. secht catha for na D. . . . co rotafuind asa thír, RC xvii 19 . gur thathfainn as an Easpáinn iad, Keat. ii 719 . ní rotoifniti as a ffoirb ndilis, AFM vi 2216 . go rostafainn ó a thír, i 114 . taifnes slúogh Bretan uadh, CCath. 194 . gur thafainn Magdalena . . . seacht ndeamhna uaithe féin, TSh. 8782 . rotaipnedh socraite Poimp don muigh, CCath. 5769 . In wider sense: da foltaib . . . rothafaind in goeth cugaind which the wind drove, Cog. 182 . for na critrib . . . rotafnitis rigmilid Clanni L. a hinnib . . . na claidium, 180 . Fig. tafnid in recht n-atharda drives out the law, PH 2587 . ro-s-tafaind a n-ires-sin dispelled their faith, 2532 .

In later lang. barks, yelps: taifnid re n-a mbeul, Psalms lix 7 . taifnedís amhuil madradh, 14 .

éislinn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éislinn or dil.ie/19882
Last Revised: 2019

adj i unsafe, insecure ; as subst. insecurity, danger; an insecure, unguarded place: eslind .i. esinnill,...inill i medon, eslind .i. extra , O'Mulc. 439 . eislinn .i. esinnill no edaingean, O'Cl. Thes. ii 352.5 - 42 . nau tholl diant eslinn guas, 294.27 . cé ní eslind libsi | ar gnúis ind ríg `though you have no danger' Fél., Epil. 397 . nobítís cauraid...ara bélaib hi cathaib ar na bad eslind dó that he might not be exposed to danger Ériu iv 24.28 . conuir bud eislinn do unsafe for him Laws iii 58.29 Comm. imthéit i n-ág i n-eslind, IT i 221.17 . na haithne aithniter don duine i n-eislind o do ria leis co inill ata trian do ar a comet, Laws iii 220.11 Comm. an tan no théged i cathugud no íadaitís...láma fair ná díchsed i n-eslind TTr.² 1676 . ni reilced...i n-eislind, Ériu iv 24.26 . cona bai ní badh eislinn doib acht a n-airm fen dia crechtnugad, CCath. 5690 . tucsat glūn re gliaid ┐ aighed re heislind do Goll cona muintir, Acall. 2828 . doriacht aenben... | is do ḟuacair ar Ḟein Ḟind | comling aenḟir gerb eislind, 5651 . doriachtsam as gach eslind, Aen. 619 . A vulnerable part of the body, flank (?): dolleici...uad indara sleig...conostarla tria eslind a chuirp corbo chross tall tarsna triana chlíab iar tregdad a chride, TFerbe 242 . dorat Achil furmiud fair don lágin...co lluid...tri eslind a chléib ┐ tri chomthrom a chride co ro briss a druimm dar dó `through the flank of his chest' TTr. 2047 = LL 244a41 . Cf. gor ab iad eislinni, inni ┐ inathair C. arna criathrad ┐ arna comthollad do cēdurchor Cellaig, MR 270.8 . Of worry, insecurity, mental affliction (?): agá rád riu gan dogra do dénam ┐ cen eslinn ┐ gan imshním do beith ortho 'telling them not to despair and not to feel sorrowful nor insecure', Stair Nic. 24.447 . Cf. éislinn 'a weak spot; a flaw, a defect; a failing in health'​​, Dinneen . As attrib.: ind áth eislind ind-agaid for namhot, Ériu viii 172.12 . gur crechtnaigit na cuirp ina n-inadhaib eslinne, 46.33 . Cf. imfaebair cach giallnai eislinniu `the punishment of every imperfect service' Laws iv 320.17 (`of every defective vassalage' PRIA xxxvi C 16, 296 ). Obscure exx. are: gáeth úar tar fáebru eslind, BDD 101a = LU 91a42 . fer ar-feid solaig fri aiss esslind..., LU 132a13 .

fégaid, féc(h)aid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fégaid, féc(h)aid or dil.ie/21449

Forms: -g-, f-, féig-, féig, fegar, fegar, fégaid, nofhégha

v also with unlenited -g-, and d- may replace f-, see IGT, Verbs § 93 . 3 pl. pret. do fiachadar, Lib. Flav. i 32va 12 . The stem féig- also occurs (cf. féig, SR 6122 . LU 4123 ). The relation of these forms to O. Ir. do-éccai is obscure. Perhaps there was an O.-Ir. fégaid scrutinizes (cf. féig `keen' ?) which became confused with do-écci. Cf. comfechinn (gl. ut contuerer) Ml. 113b9 . In: nad cuicsedar .i. nad fegar `that it be not taxed or examined ' (gl. uult ... non ... taxari) 0 36a38, the form is apparently pass. pres. ind. of a primary verb. One would expect the subj. Cf. fegar fri ndirie, ZCP xii 402.12 . coic conara fugill fegaiter (v.l. aithfegar) and `die fünf Urteilswege [sind es] die da gemustert (spezifiziert) werden' Cóic Con. § 1 (Thurn. ib. p. 61 , compares the gloss just cited, and continues "das Verb feg- später fēg- bedeutet `mustern, genau betracten, nach sein Qualitäten bestimmen, herausheben'. In den Rechtstexten wird meist das Kompositum aith-feg-, wohl in Anlehnung an das lat. re-censere, gebraucht"). In: co ro fhegur a miad coir for cach (no corresp. clause in the Latin) PH 3962 the meaning may be perceive . See further Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 490 .

I In older lit. generally trans.

(a) looks at, observes, scans , generally implying close attention: fégsu, a L., aní atchiusa, LU 3885 ( SCC 39 ). no fegad eat fo innib a n-uilc, LU 1004 ( ACC 95 Comm. ). fegaitsi i ndignet see what they will do LU 188 . sillis fair ┐ ḟeghaidh a ghnúis, Lat. Lives 103 . roḟegadh gnúis a aidi amail ruithen grene ib. = Lism. L. 3401 (perhaps intrans., the corresp. Lat. is: facies ... quasi globus solis semper videbatur). fégad cech aen ... ná rob dall ... hé = uideat ne sit caecus PH 4665 . tincais A. furri .i. nos-fegand, TBC-LL¹ 780 . tincais fair ... is inund ón ┐ n o fégand, 2128 . fega latt dam in fuil seo examine this wound for me 4311 (fech lat St). fechais F. in fuil, 4312 . fursainter caindeald dūn co fēgum in uisci, RC vi 175.44 . fégfaid in coimdid gnúis do gnúis, PH 4675 . rot-fég (= rod-f.) co fethmech, 1133 . na doíne ... nosfégat fen co fuirechair who observe (examine) themselves 6855 . dā fēgainn mē as mo medōn (: gēbainn) if I regarded myself from within ACL iii 239z . co rofegdais leo ... | in mór immed a chathrach (of spies) SR 4658 . huair rofegsatar in tír, 4669 . O rofeg Noe ar cach leth | in tir, Rawl. 76a37 . Dia fein rom-fēgustar, ZCP viii 214.18 . Fég a dó do M. `Behold two years reigned by M.' Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 8 ( LL 181b26 ). Cf. na coíc ḟonna féig (: scéith), LL 148a19 ( KMMisc. 268 § 36 ). Searches ; examines, studies: feg .i. tuir, ut est fegh Bretha Neimed search O'Dav. 831 . atá loch usci and, fegtar ┐ claiter, LU 177 . fegsat filid Fail ... | fenchas co feig examined Laws i 32.30 . fechthur a cana let their laws be examined i 62.17 . o rofhegh in faidh in nemh, Lism. L. 813 . for cubhas caich léghfas leir | ocus fegfas senadh sir, ZCP vi 268.19 . féach leat Leabhar na hUidhre look at Content. vi 8 . an nēmhann ... dhá bféchtar dhí an fonn na bhfoil if the soil in which it is be searched for it Ó Héodhusa 3.12 .

(b) With abstr. obj. considers, pays heed to, takes into account: a bráthriu, fegaid for ṅglóir (: dēnaid) have regard to your honour SR 3113 . feg lat uaisle na glore !, PH 4102 . feich latt cindus is coir ... 609 (? Cf. 1 fethid). in popul gentlide nár fhég fírinne forcetail, 4593 . fégthar tech Finn ... nach mairionn de | ursa no cleith, Duan. F. i 25.27 . feib na ree fega latt, ACL iii 314 § 23 . féagha a bhfuighe ... d'olc `think of the harm thou shalt suffer' Dán Dé xxxi 40 . féagh féin créd í an chomhairle as fearr lat ..., Desid. 592 . fechaidh bur crodhacht gnáith d'fuaslugud bur companach call to mind Fier. 69 . nír ḟég geiss nó gliaid he heeded not Ériu vii 223.4 . níor ḟéach Brian ceart fán ríghe | acht a buain da flaith fíre, Content. vi 181 . madia feghthar fírinne, ZCP iv 237.20 = Leb. Cert. 236 . féach ar liath dom folt!, Keat. Poems 953 .

(c) tries, proves, tests: an drong as mionca ro fécchadh ┐ rofromhadh, AFM v 1736.17 . go roḟéchsat ... cruas a ccloidhemh ┐ troma a ttuagh ar chloignibh a cceleadh comhlainn, AFM v 1646.7 . cf. no go bhféachaim oruibh ... mo neart, Oss. vi 116.15 = go fechoinn, etc. Duan. F. 78 . do tugadh an léine chuca ... ┐ d'ḟéach E. uime í tried it on Síoghra Dubh § 13 ( GJ 1909, 160 ). f.¤ é le (nech) tries conclusions with (late idiom): feuchfad leat é a nuairsi; dh'fonn na firinne dh'fagháil amach, Luc. Fid. 274.15 . feuchfad fōs leat ē, 278.10 . feuch leam é, 303z ; féuch linn é, 344.13 . f.¤ ... fri compares ... with: dá bhféachtar an t-áireamhso ris na seacht mbliadhnaibh déag ... is follus ... `if this number be taken in connexion with' ... (compared with ?) Keat. ii 463 .

II Intrans.

(a) in lit. sense looks, glances, gazes, keeps a look-out , absol. or with prep. FOR (AR) : fég, a L., dar th'eis look behind thee ! LU 3887 ( SCC 39 ). fegaid, fomnaid ! Ériu iii 143 § 1 . féach id dhiaidh look behind thee TD 38.7 . TSh. 475 . fegaid lib conid mor dliges a honoir, PH 5593 . dercais ┐ fégais C. dar a aiss , CRR 38 . fegait tria tholl na comla confhacatar in dias, Lism. L. 1975 . nír féghusdair ara ais riamh, ZCP viii 552x = ni ró ḟég, etc. TBC-LL¹ 1904 . feg latt for iffern ` beware of ' PH 798 . fegais C. forru, CRR 46 . mairg ḟéagas ar Inis C., TD 11.1 . go raibe an uiredsa do coimet ag C. ara ōghacht nar ḟech ar mnai ... riam, BCC § 411 . an tí fhéachfas ar mhnaoi réna sanntughadh, TSh. 7266 . créad nach féachann tu ar an druing do-ní milleadh? (= quare non respicis) 9514 .

(b) fégaid do looks to, heeds, has regard to, takes into account: ba don riaguil nofhégha (2 s.) Ériu ii 228.8 . ní fhéachann [an bás] do dhuine ... seach aroile is no respecter of persons TSh. 766 . étach lennmaisech ... do na fech logh no cendach ar a ingnaithchi, Aisl. Tond. 112 § 2 = narb ētir luach ... do mhes dó, 137 . mana fechainn d'onoir dom athair had I not regard for the honour due to my father Fier. 120 . do bheanfainn do cheann diot ... muna bfechainn dot ainbfios, Duan. F. ii 250 . do fhéch sibh don chrích-si `thou hast cared for' Studies 1921, 75 . nir fech C. don tuili acht docuaidh tríthe, BCC § 73 . neach ... nar fhéag (: séad) d'antoil na colna, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxv 12 . ní ḟéachfaid dot ór dána `will not heed' Content. vii 11 . F.¤ RE (LE) : féachfa mé re Mag Uidhir | mo rí G an ngéabhadh lam `I shall look to M. to see if my king ... will accept me' TD 12.3 . ionadh ... da nderna ... dam le neach oile ni feghadh [leg. —abh], ZCP ii 348 . Vn. fégad (fégain, féchain, etc.), q.v.

Load More Results