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Your search returned 43 result(s).

ad-fen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-fen or dil.ie/438

 

Forms: ad-fenar, -aithenar, -aithidis, adfether, athfethar, adfither, aithid, aiti, aithe

v (* aith-fen-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 517 ). Indic. pres. pass. sg. ad-fenar, Laws i 256.6 . -aithenar, Sc.M² § 3 . Subj. impf. 3 pl. -aithidis, Wb. 21d11 . Fut. pass. sg. adfether, Wb. 20b7 . athfethar, Gael. 50, 140 ( Blathm. 977 ). adfither, Ériu i 68.17 . Later as simple vb. aithid. See also 2 aithnigid. Verbal of necess. aiti, IT iii 199.4 . Vn. aithe .

Repays, requites: digail .i. adfether do gl. portabit iudicium, Wb. 20b7 . asber . . . arandaithidisom di maith `he says . . . that they should requite it with good' 21d11 . aithgabail insin ad fenar fo fio ad fenar olcc anmuinib ad fenar maith muinib, Laws i 256.6 . mani atma flaith na fine nad innarbann, is aithgin ind. Ad-fenar, feib ro-n-erthar, ZCP xiv 382 § 46 (= Laws ii 308.20 ). ar asrenar fo-fia, ar is ó ulcc fo-fenar (adfenar, fofechar, MSS) olcc for evil is repaid by evil(?), ZCP xi 85 § 39 . nach urgais nad aitir co cend mbliadhna, O'D. 2233 (Nero A vii, 155-6). aither feich inbleogain air, O'Curry 766 ( H 3.18, 360b ). ? gin co haitaither, 506 ( H 3.18, 257 ). dianotecma slait / do bachla sdo chluic / fo déin cen ro aithe / na ro caithe a ccuit, KMMisc. 270.10 . nó go n-aithear m'adhbhar-sa till my grudge is settled, DDána 95.4 . ní aitheann i gcéadóir cion, 60.36 . ní hé gu maithfe tú an troighech / aithfe an crú sa soidech súd, IGT Decl. ex. 811 . m'olc féin is é do aithfeadh, Dán Dé vii 28 . Freq. in constr. ad-fen (aithid) x for y avenges x on y: ni haiti for neach . . . dia mbadh a n-inadh aco sin no digladh a fholaid, IT iii 199.4 . aithis in file fechair / a díbe ar a droich-ṡethair, Metr. Dinds. iii 56.37 . aithfimídne fort sa 'na ndeine d'éccoir forainn, BNnÉ 6.30 . cech ní dorigne-sim . . . fris in slaníccid do haithed fair, LB 142b41 . aithid air bar n-esanóir `revenge on him your insults,' MR 218.8 . co ro aithedh ┐ co ro dioghladh a ainninne for aroile, AFM v 1360.24 . do aith orainn ar n-ábhocht, Magauran 4200 . Cf. da n-aithea ferg Dé foraib, PH 2948 .

ailtnide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ailtnide or dil.ie/1087

 

adj io, iā (altan) razor-sharp: a chromscíath . . . cona bil áithgéir ailtnidi imgeir, LU 6431 (TBC). slegh . . . ┐ a rinn áithgher ailtnide, RC xxix 112 § 4 . claidme . . . ailtnidhi, CCath. 5343 . scian . . . dosrengar . . . tar fraigid . . . ┐ a.¤ iaram, O'Curry 883 ( H 3.18, 395a ). aithe gira altnide, IT i 190.27 . tene . . . áith goirt ailtnidi (of hell), 191.14 . go mbiailibh aithgéaraibh ailtnighe, AFM v 1554.7 . neach genis i lLūan, . . . nī ba ha., ZCP x 225 § 2 . Compar. rind bas áigthidiu ná bas altnidi, LU 4839 (TBC).

ainicin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainicin or dil.ie/1390

 

Forms: ainéigen, ainécin

n (éicen). ainéigen, Ériu v 76.16 . ainécin, Mer. Uil. 79 . great violence, outrage, oppression: gach olc is gach a.¤ da ttainic, BNnÉ 206.25 . intí nach aithfe in a.¤ út ar an óclach, SG 213.9 . a Dé neime . . . is tu domrat isin a.¤ i filim, D IV 2, 72va18 . ni rofuiling nech riam aithgein na hainiccne, 67rb25 . d'aithe a áiniccne fair, AFM v 1368.21 . Attrib. g s. d'á easbadhaibh ainigni, MR 292.5 . In phrase beirid a.¤ for inflicts violence on: da tuccad in ainigín gnima ┐ in dimicin aithisi o Grecaib for Tr., BB 431a34 . na h-amainsi ┐ na hainigne tucais ar Ulltaibh, MR 202.6 . co tugsat esbada ┐ áinigin imdha orra (i.e. on a defeated army), Celt. Rev. iv 116.26 . Perh. also bidh iat sain a hangin | a angil sa hanfaid, Anecd. ii 41 § 17 . Cf. ainigin?

airbaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airbaid or dil.ie/1608
Last Revised: 2013

 

n f. (see Vendr. Lex.) bane, harm, destruction: cen on cen olc cen erbaid, SR 3430 . in fer asa erbaid aire, Trip.² 408 . ca hurbaid mór ar-nom-thá a Chathbuid . . ., TFerbe 141 . nā tīsad airbuid de muir na tir, Cáin Ad. 2 . aurbaidi mruigrechtai huili go cech turbaid techtai conmestar brit[h]im i.e. matters of husbandry which involve distress (and to which attention is permitted on Sunday), Anecd. iii 22.10 (but see Ériu xx 173 , cf. EIF 606 ). Cf. turbaid II. todernama iffirn ┐ erbada lathe bratha, LU 2278 ( FA § 33 ). na sin maithe a Murmaig / fri hurbaid in t-óenfál, Gorm. March 31 . ar ágh is ar erbhaidh / ar demhnaibh dom dinsa, Ep. 7. ág ┐ urbaid na haidchi innocht, TFerbe 179 . cath fri cach n-erbaidh, ZCP vi 264 § 7 . fri tinol nguasachta ┐ imned ┐ urbada, LL 229b41 ( TTr. 930 ). co mbad leriti na hairgni ┐ co mbad moti na hurbada, CRR §§ 3 , 15 . urbaid mór im Albanchaib i cath Roth . . ., LL 6271 . ?int Aed aurbaig (.i. cath Focharta in which he was defeated), ZCP xii 232 § 43 (Baile in Scáil). d'aithe a n-uaradair d'urbhuidh, L. Cl. A. B. 270.52 . aincios mē ar urbadhaibh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1510 . do sgé an fhirminnte a hurbhuidh, Studies 1921, 418 § 3 . Attrib. g s. Capaneus robai 'na stuaig bodba aduathmair urbada, Celt. Rev. x 24.8 . evil, malice: cen [n]ach n-erbaid ina anmain (of Colmán), BColm. 22.14 . tosach uilc is urbhoidhe, ZCP xiv 257.4 . a n-anreachtaibh uilc ┐ urbhadha, ML 130.27 . Note also: derb loma .i. de urbaigh donīt[h]er í no dī-ṡerb, Corm. Y 454 .

1 áith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 áith or dil.ie/2546

 

adj i

I

(a) sharp, keen. In physical sense, of a blade, point, etc.: amal in n-altain n-á.¤ , Ml. 72b8 . ette no benn múir no pinna á.¤ gl. pinna, Sg. 67a7 . mar bad do altain á.¤ etruim nad berrtha, TBC-LL¹ 1892 . gae aith etromm, 5570 . cloidem á.¤ amhnas, 5501 . bera áithe , PH 1204 . clocha . . . aithe , IT i 190.27 . in torc cusna eochraibh aithi .i. cusna fiaclaib birathi, Laws v 444.16 Comm. a sheanshaoghlach á.¤ ḟionnḟuar (to a weapon), TD 33.10 . Equative: ba háthithir delc sciach, LU 5920 (TBC) = ba hathidir, LL 12539 . Compar. áithiu cech delg is ou, PH 4136 . cia mes (.i. faebur) is áithe na glám? Ériu xiii 81 § 287 . slega ba haithiu rinde, BB 490a16 . Superl. cía háithemh eó? what is sharpest of points? (of satire), Ériu xiii 25.6 . Cf. O'Dav. 40 , 770 . Compd. ¤rind: tar éis Bresail á. áith, Metr. Dinds. iv 144.6 . ? guaire aithrind fair he had sharp-pointed bristles (of a sea-cat), BNnÉ 77 § 146 = g. aitenndai, Lism. L. 3798 (cf. adrind).

(b) Of mental powers keen, acute, sensitive: ba há.¤ á inntlecht, MacCongl. 17.11 . ropat áithe étrumma a bretha ┐ a chocerta, Tec. Corm. § 6.49 . Cellachán á.¤ imgrind, Ériu i 128.18 . no shárgind én aith im og I used to rob the keen bird of its egg, IT i 158.12 ( LL 20181 ). gan fhear gcoimhghníomha an fhéil á.¤ , DDána 91.41 . einech urlam á.¤ , KMMisc. 274 § 67 . Compds. ¤-airec: aith-airec acutum inuentum , Hib. Min. 8.253 . ¤-chíall: in drui sin amnas co n-aithcheil (: Béil), LL 17750 .

(c) quick, active, keen: at aithi athluma for n-errid, BB 429b35 . a óghmhacaoimh á. éadtruim, DDána 67.13 . aith .i. luath ut est aithem gaibes tuinide .i. is aithi no is oibne gaibis tuinide ma don teallach medhónach (= is aithiu aem .i. is luaithiu, Laws iv 2.10 Comm. ). Nó aith .i. gér, ut est aith amail altain, O'Dav. 126 . aith .i. ger no luath, O'Cl. Adv. ro lenait . . . co haith, Cog. 76.12 . o romgeibh fúacht isind aigh / tigim go háith 'na aghaidh, BS 58 . ? aith ro classa ri airbriu / di ráith fri daigniu demniu, LL 705 (ait aitt v.l., ITS xxxix 170 § 12 ). Compd. tar tuinn anfaidh áithneartmhara, DDána 89.8 .

II Subst.: áith éachtach comhlainn (of a sword), Measgra D. 14.25 . ? esbadach aith īarna dīth inna thacht (of a pig), (B. na f.), Ériu vii 6 § 7 . ? aith cen lén (cheville), SR 5249 .

2 áith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 áith or dil.ie/2547

 

Forms: á., áithe, átha, aithiu, háthaib, athanna, athandaib

n i, f. á.¤ (g s. and n p. áithe , átha) f. IGT Decl. § 42 . Note also a p. aithiu, O'D. 2270 ( Rawl. B 506, 23b ) (= re háthaib , Laws iv 118.22 Comm. ) and n p. athanna, Ann. Conn. 1235.17 . d p. athandaib, Hib. Min. 66 § 6 . See Lochlann ii 214 .

Drying-kiln (for grain): criathar atho gl. cribrum areale, Thes. ii 235.7 . canaba .i. aith, Codex Salmanticensis col. 379 (Plummer MS. notes). cóic lethunga argait i tírad i n-á.¤ aidchi domnaig ┐ loscad na hátha, Ériu ii 206 § 27 . tirad a n-aith, bleith a muileand, Laws v 474.2 . tech dia ndentar aith, 162.17 . in ni fobentar a caisiul na hatha tar eis in tirtha, 488.13 Comm. athgabail chota i n-aith muiland in dunad, i 216.3 . bla susta aith, iii 220.15 .i. slan a mbrisenn in tsuist isin aith, 16 Comm. tellach na hatha, 264.3 Comm. cuit i n-á.¤, i mmuili[u]nn, Críth G. 96 . indtechta tria críathar n-átha i.e. ground to pieces, BDD² 1295 . ro erb M. fris frestal na hatha, Fél. 12.10 . ? ar (amail) dorucastar ┐ dofuarcar al-lár n-athae, O'Mulc. 424 . gabais tene in aith, Lism. L. 4303 . ro loiscsem bar n-átha de / is ro millsem bar muille, SG 247.37 . sgriostar leis go bruinne mbrátha / a muille a n-átha a n-iothlanna, TD 16.23 . bárr áithe , GJ vi 149a35 . áit[h] na mbríceadh `brickkiln', Nahum iii 14 . sórn áithche (sic) na mbríceadh, 2 Samuel xii 31 .

aithbe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithbe or dil.ie/2550
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: a.

n io, [n.]. Later f. a.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 3 . Vn. of * aith-ben, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 461 . See also LEIA (cf. taithbe).

(a) ebb, reflux (of sea): tuile ┐ a.¤ .i. tempestas et tranquilitas , Thes. i 3.30 . in aithbiu gl. remeat, Thes. ii 24.35 ( BCr. 34c4 ). muir . . . dicsi[gi]dir a thuliu la cetemun co tet for aitbe la gemredh. Leith-bliadain for thuiliu, al-leth aili for aithbhiu, Ériu ii 112 § 35 . is tuile ┐ a.¤ , Anecd. ii 22 § 4 . céin no bíd in muir for línad . . . céin ba ha.¤ , LL 21088 . an tan ba ha.¤ an muir ba forreil an tor uaisti, Leb. Gab.(i) 72.16 . co rangattar . . . taran ffersait, ar ba ha.¤ ann an tan sin, AFM v 1610.33 . tond a.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 104.7 . a.¤ .i. trághadh no laghdughadh mara, O'Cl.

Hence decline, decay: a.¤ flatho Oengussa, AU i 212.16 ; 'the ebbing of the power of Ó.' Seanchas 139 . tuile a.¤ elta nemtiger deoghbuire, O'D. 2209 (Nero A vii, 144b). aithbi oll a[r] [t]h'airmitne `may thy honours ebb utterly', Dinds. 21 ( RC xv 319 ). ra bítis a tigi / i tilchaib cen aithbi, LL 6594 . sai gan aithbhi néinígh, AU ii 518.15 . nocha léir tairthe ós tealaigh / léim aithfe dá n-imdheadhuil, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 19 § 32 . a tairthi mar an g-craeibh g-ciníl / do sgaeil aithfe d'Eibilín `have come to an ebb with E.', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 348.24 . bái trí tráth forsind ḟaithchi / Temrach co trumma aithbi (cotromaithbi v.l.) greatly wasting (of an exposed child), Ériu iv 94 § 9 . ? prímdae bréo nád athbi (aithbe, aithbi v.l.), Fél. Apr. 15 (Plummer, MS. notes considers this and follg. ex. as finite forms of a vb. *aith-ben-). co cléir nóib nád athbi, Aug. 12. ? Of defeat in battle: corrabatar fó sár theichle iarna a.¤ , Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 46 ( LL 183a35 ). Of decline in old age, death: a.¤ dam-sae bes mara / senta fomdera croan, PRIA lv (1952-53) C 88 § 1 . ní frescet a.¤ na éc, Imr. Brain 11 § 18 . a.¤ Loegaire meic Néill the death of L., LL 6090 . rí crúaid Cnucha i cath Aichle / fúair trucha ┐ trena.¤ , LL 15176 . ? dá n-anadh rem' aithbhi-sea, MR 306.10 .

(b) act of avenging (sense of aithe ): do-chuaidh dá aithbe ar Ultaibh 'went ... to avenge him upon the Ulaidh', Giolla Brighde 30 § 5 . go ro dheónaigh Dia a dhíogail ┐ a aithbhe for na gallaibh . . . an míimirt . . ., AFM vi 2252.4 . ac díghailt a sháraigthi ┐ ac aithbhi gach uilc, SG 24.15 . gé aithne oirne gan fhíoch / do dhíoth a.¤ a coindi (sic MS.) ar chách thy death makes everyone [wish to] avenge it when he contemplates it(?), Dán Dé xxvi 10 .

aithber

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithber or dil.ie/2557

 

n o, m. See Lochlann ii 214 . act of rebuking, blaming; blame, rebuke, reproach: do thabirt dígle et do aidbiur foirib `to punish and to reprimand you', Wb. 14c40 . . . . illa prophetica detestatio .i. indath[b]er mo indasfenad, ZCP vii 481.22 (Enchir. Aug.). ferais in slúag athber ṅgúr / forsind ríg . . ., SR 6093 . cia focerdaiter do aithbiur, Laws iv 60.19 Comm. na ben-sa aithuer (frim-sa add., do add. v.l.), Anecd. ii 60.12 . nocha ragha aithfer fort, 28.1 . ro bás acc tabairt a aithbhir fairsiumh they were laying the blame for it on him, ZCP x 4.10 . co comraicet . . . na pecdaig fri cetaidber ┐ fri cetchesad na conaire, IT i 180.23 = -glífit, LU 2087 ( FA 15 ). na tabra ai[th]bhir na litir orum `do not reproach me concerning the letters' (appended by scribe), Ériu ii 224.y . fors in rig ba coru a aithbhir do bheith, MR 50.11 . a ndiongna sé d'aithbhear oirn to reproach me for what he will do, Dán Dé xix 14 . atá mé i n-aghaidh na n-aithneadh / faghaibh gan é d'aithfear (the sinner appealing to St. Patrick), xii 27 . an chlann dar dual dola ar neamh / ag tuar a fhola d'aithfear i.e. the human race was destined for heaven but had incurred the blame of shedding Christ's blood(?), DDána 27a.29 . a fúair sé dh'aithfer an ḟill blame for the treachery, IGT Decl. ex. 872 . aithfear do thabha[i]rt dár bhfearaibh, Párl. na mB. 2712 . gan aighfer a phecaidh do chor ar dhuine oile, Ó Héodhusa 211.2 . ba roscremda ind aithbiur, ZCP iii 228.20 .

With immaithber (-ir): bai aithber imaithber ogaib in aidchi sin: bai dono a n-aithber uili for Tuirrn there was reproach and mutual reproach amongst them that night but they all blamed T., Aen. 2886 . do badur ac aifer imaifir fria cheili, YBL 158a38 = co n-aithber imaithber occu fria araile, LB 111b58 . ar rob iomdha aithber iom aithbher mairgnech ┐ meirten . . . reproach on reproach, AFM vi 2288.20 . róide ar n-aithredh dob aithnidh / móide in t-aithber imaithbhir, IGT Decl. ex. 896 . In concrete sense of retribution, punishment (cf. perh. aithbe, 1 aithe ): genaid cach fer araile ár nibá hecal leis a aitber fair that he will have to make retribution for it, LU 9749 . cual . . . no imarchainn gacha domhnuigh . . . ┐ is e a haitfer sin roberar orm `this is the retribution that is inflicted upon me', RC xiv 54.13 . With subjective gen. ar oman Foruinn ┐ a aithbhir, Laws i 20.26 Comm. ní hé a n-aithfer féin téit ḟorro . . . acht aithfer mh'uabair-se they are not being punished on their own account but in revenge for my pride (of slain enemies), RC xiii 86.3 . leic a.¤ na ndea formsa `let the gods take vengeance on me', CCath. 1784 v.l. With oc: ag aithbear an uilc ┐ an eccóra ar lucht m'inghrema, BNnÉ 266 § 233 . gib é do dhéna ingreim . . . ar I. C. beid na deich cet naomh . . . aga a.¤ air, ZCP x 22.19 .

áithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áithe or dil.ie/2604
Last Revised: 2013

 

n , f. (1 áith).

(a) In physical sense sharpness: acutus .i. áithæ, Sg. 108a4 . co ntescfad finna . . . ar athi ┐ ailtnidecht, LU 6432 (TBC). claideb . . . ara géri ┐ ara áthi, TTr.² 1001 .

(b) Extended uses. Of mental processes: arddi ┐ aithi na freiscisen fil o duini co Dia, Rawl. 70a20 . tria á.¤ . . . A. `Scharfsinn', Alex. 141 . nār fētatar forni feróglach fulung i n-urc[h]omair a āithi, Fianaig. 94.14 . seiftness, lightness: ar áthi ┐ imétrummi im-tháncatar so swiftly and lightly have they travelled, MU² 566 . ra léic úad . . . feib ra léiced dlaí omthaind bar áthi ┐ étrummi (of a pillar-stone), 650 . as seabhac úas aill me ar glice ┐ aithe ┐ nert, Leb. Gab.(i) 264 n.1 .

1 aithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithe or dil.ie/2602

 

Forms: aithi, aithi, aithi

vn. of ad-fen. a.¤ n-imrime, Cóic Con. 47 § 84 . a s. always aithi in Wb. (unless the obscure cenathe, Wb. 18a25 , contains this word); n s. aithi, Sg. 111b3 , Thes. ii 227.21 , Trip.² 541 . See GOI § 725 . aithi f., IGT Decl. § 3 .

(a) Act of requiting; requital, recompense; payment, quid pro quo: ní ar lóg na aithi pridchimmi soscéle, Wb. 14c8 , 9 ; 15b11 ; 24d1 . precept soscéli cen lóg cen aithi, 14c10 . aithi gl. foenus, Sg. 111b3 . aithi usura, Thes. ii 227.21 . aithi .i. cum[m]ain, ut est cach rath co n-aithi .i. biadh ┐ manchuine, O'Dav. 168 . caite a.¤ .i. log meich, Laws iii 328.8 . caiti in a.¤ cumaine, 9 Comm. ni fuil aithfe gin iubaile do gelluib, O'D. 706 ( H 3.17, 516 ). a.¤ n-imrime .i. in aithe comaine no logh do-berar ar imrim int searraigh .i. ara riarugud i.e. recompense for breaking in a horse, Cóic Con. 47 § 84 ; Laws v 212.3 . gin aithi gin fochraic . . . gin a.¤ .i. focetoir, gin fochraic .i. iardain, O'Curry 2460 ( Eg. 88, f. 37(38)c ). a.¤ fiach .i. ic fiach, 766 ( H 3.18, 360b ). mac duine timghair a.¤ a mhaoeine i.e. he does not confer benefits for nothing, ZCP xii 296.5 . ratha fiala a.¤ ṡlána, LL 343b55 = aithi ṡlána `full compensations', Tec. Corm. 3.27 . ferr athe opad, LL 345c41 = ithe, Anecd. iii 19.14 . fuilled ro-imarcraid ind aithi, MacCongl. 21.5 .

(b) act of retaliating; revenge, retaliation: nech bud ḟerr leis dá athe no da dígail, TBC-LL¹ 4419 . tene . . . oc athi bar col, PH 3637 . nech da tísad aithi na gona sain who should avenge that slaying, LL 244a47 ( TTr. 2051 ). fear a.¤ a an-fhalta `to revenge his animosities', MR 262.12 . nir-bo echt cen aithi, TTebe 3524 . aithi in uilc, IGT Decl. ex. 166 . a.¤ x DO y avenging x (an action) on y: robo adlaic dó a aithi do Pátraic aní dorigni, Trip.² 541 . More usually with FOR: d'a.¤ a n-indligid foruib to punish them for their rapacity, ACL iii 3.16 . d'athi ar n-écora for Troiánu, LL 224a6 ( TTr. 494 ). dia aithiu fair in dimhicin dorad fornd, Marco P. 31 . d'a.¤ a anffoladh ar a eassccairdibh, AFM vi 2146.15 . Of a person: d'aithi ┐ d'fír-dígail Oilella Finn ar fheraib Erenn, Celt. Rev. iv 204.13 .

? 2 aithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 2 aithe or dil.ie/2603

 

n mor n-a.¤ . . . dorochratar hir-raenu romádmai in dú sin `Schlachtreihen', Alex. 130 (Meyer Contribb. compares Lat. acies).

1 aithech,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithech, or dil.ie/2605
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: athach, athaig

n o, m. ( aithe ). See LEIA a.¤ (cóir), athach, eathach (lochdach) m., IGT Decl. § 11 , § 55 . Note however, athaig (g s.): athair, Éigse viii 290 § 12 and n. 0

Lit. rent-payer; vassal, peasant .

(a) In legal contexts used of a particular class of tenant and sometimes to describe the commoner as opposed to the noble. See Críth G. p. 74 ; ZCP xv 245 . ethach .i. quasi aithech .i. doniter a aithe for neach, O'Curry 105 ( H 3.18, 70 ). a.¤ .i. fer braith ut est taidhe cach a.¤ .i. is amail gataide in fer braith nó in fer forinaiter féich, O'Dav. 37 . Cf. táid gach a.¤ | a.¤ gach ainbh, Ériu xiii 20.14 . a.¤ = briuga, Harl. 5280, 53b (Plummer MS. notes). athaigh .i. íocaidhe, O'Cl. flaith ┐ a.¤ `lord and vassal', Thes. ii 238.12 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). fri tige cach na.¤ , Ml. 92d15 . athaig ┐ bachlaich domeled sin uile, SCano 345 . flaith athuigh na bid flaith a athair i.e. a noble whose father was a commoner, `Bauer-Herr', ZCP xv 245 § 4 . ní dlig a.¤ mraich cor[o]p flaith, Críth G. 254 . díre n-aithig honour-price paid by an a., 530 . athich cacha slointe di ṡhund huma anechclann the commoners of every family from here on with their e., Rawl. 118b38 . adnacol do cholaind aithich thuaithe a peasant of the tribe (laity?), RC x 82.12 . soifid roúall . . . i mmaccu a.¤ .i. grád fene no chille, LL 188c1 ( RC xxvi 42.1 ). ait[h]ech cách co hEogan húais, ZCP viii 299 z . ísel cech athech, Tec. Corm. § 15.15 . ó a.¤ co righ, ML² 836 . athig i comairli ríg / mairg tír i tic in scél, Ériu ix 48 § 23 . aondath i n-éadach moghaidh, dá dhath i n-éadach an aithigh, Keat. ii 1918 . aithigh Laighion / siad ós maithibh measfuidhior, LBranach 5776 = DDána 117.16 . gach saoirfhear ann badh aitheach, 72.32 . Prov.: as ait[h]ech cāch gan deōladh no one is so exalted but he can do with assistance(?), ML² 162 .

With qualifying clause, gen., etc. a.¤ ara-threba a deich (so called because his stock is numbered in tens, and represented as standing midway between the ócaire and the bóaire, Críth G. p. 77 ): cateat fodlai bóairech? dá ḟer midboth(a) ┐ óccaire ┐ a.¤ arathreba a deich, 17 . a.¤ arathreba a deich, deichde a búar sidi, 132 . a.¤ baitside (baitsid, baitse), meaning doubtful; is é a.¤ baitside inso dia mbé in[n]a enncai cen gait, cen brait cen guin doíne acht láa catha nó nech toṡaig a chenn fair, Críth G. 142 and n. a.¤ forrtha (fortha), one appointed to take the king's place in legal actions against him, see forrtha.¤ im athechu bunaid (.i. na aithig ḟortha) im athechu cis (.i. na doerchele), Cóic Con. 21 § 14 .

(b) In pejorative sense churl, boor, uncouth person: contall a chenn dind aithiuch labar, Ml. 58c6 . in triar a.¤ . . . ro anacht Cú Ch., BDD² 1287 . robo leanamnach int a.¤ (aidech, LU), TBC-I¹ 1207 . ni thecat da fuapairt / acht [mad] athig mith, TBC-LL¹ 3371 (see meth). is duit dosratsam ┐ ni dont ṡenaithiuch ucat (of Rónán), Fing. R. 67 . ni tú as cóir dia chairigud . . . a.¤ samlut (of Lugaid Mac Con), RC xiii 438 § 9 . bríathra athig churlish words, LU 5450 (TBC). in t-eathach, Acall. 5532 . dias aitheach oc ingairi cairech, YBL 122a2 . cumala ┐ athig na Pers, Alex. 390 . athig ┐ doeraicme, TTr.² 1303 . ar ba haitheach somh a h-ucht treóin `being a plebeian representative of a hero', AFM iii 178.17 . a tigh aithigh ┐ áonmná / caithidh sibh an cáomlá ar cúairt, IGT Decl. ex. 363 .

In phr. a.¤ feda base tree (oppd. to aire feda). Used of letters of the alphabet: athaigh feada, Laws iv 146.19 , 24 . airigh fedha ┐ athaig fedha . . . athaig fedha .i. fern, sail, bethi etc., Auraic. 1151 = aithig, 4249 .

(c) giant, monster: immacomarnaic dó ┐ don scál. tresi cluchi ind athig, LU 8538 ( FB § 39 ). da aitheach forgranna, Aisl. Tond. 98 § 1 . ar neimib a n-arm na n-athach n-uathmar n-agarbh, BB 43b1 . lorg in fhathaigh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1006 . ris an athach darbh ainm Goliath, TSh. 10937 . combarala dam ┐ dond a.¤ (of the Cyclops), Mer. Uil. 56 . ethach ┐ arderrad ┐ fogmoir, Stair Erc. 1290 . is i in [n]aithir neime .i. in t-a.¤ aingide (of the custodian of the Garden of the Hesperides), 254 . tú an aithir sheang . . . / is ceann aithigh uirrei-se, DDána 50.10

COMPDS. ¤-aicme vassal tribe: seacht n-aitheachaicme robadar isin tir re tiachtain de Uib Eachach, ZCP xiv 44 § 6 . ¤-lus lit. churl's herb (protection against the evil eye ? Celtica xxiv 38 ): righlus ┐ tarblus ┐ a. . . . a. do ghradaibh feine, O'D. 2365 ( Rawl. B. 506, f. 43b ). ¤-matad base dog (term of contempt): ni tocrad dam int aitheachmattud [do] gleid (glieid, LU) frisin coin moir, TBC-I¹ 1228 . aithechmadad druthsotal, 1594 . ciarso dúal don athiuch-matud saigid forsin árchoin, TBC-LL¹ 1935 . ¤-phort rent-paying town: trí aithechpuirt (.i. bailte bodaich) Hérenn: Clúain Iraird, Glenn Dá Locha, Lugbad, Triads 33 and note p. 36.

¤-thúath subject people (see Mac Neill, Early Irish Population-Groups, PRIA xxix (C) 59 - 114 , O'Rahilly, EIHM p. 154 ff. ): ro díbdáit uili cland Ugaine Máir la athechthúathaib Herend . . . ┐ ro gabsat athechthuatha Herend flathemnas Temrach, LL 7308 . ba di athechthuathaib Herend dó, 14616 . na haitheachthúatha ┐ Cinél Conaill . . . ag argain an bhaile, Ériu v 76.16 . le daorchlannaibh nó lé hathachthuathaibh Éireann, Keat. ii 3702 . annam lib athechthuatha do tháinsemad bartrenfer, LL 238b25 ( TTr. 1617 ).

See next.

2 aithed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aithed or dil.ie/2615

 

n = 1 aithe : a.¤ .i. díghaltas, O'Curry 1472 (H 3.18, 652).

aithfe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithfe or dil.ie/2643

 

x see 1 aithe .

aithide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithide or dil.ie/2685

 

n = 1 aithe ? a.¤ imurro is é fiach in druith dia mbe fear dúisce ┐ fer torriachaidh aice, O'D. 466 (H. 3. 17 c. 361) = aithgin, Laws v 142.27 . in druth imurro isi a aithíde side gach nomadh briathar do druthaib atbeir do fírad amhuil ro boí Conall Clogach, O'D. 465 (ib.) = aithne, Laws v 144.1 Comm.

2 aithige ?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aithige ? or dil.ie/2688
Last Revised: 2019

 

n : is leo ar aithigi a lion for fierceness, TBC-I¹ 3280 = aithighe, TBC St. 4295 . Cf. áithe , áigthech ?

? 3 aithne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 3 aithne or dil.ie/2755

 

n perh. wrongly for 1 aithe : indich .i. a.¤ , O'Dav. 1096 . Cf. 2 aithnigid.

2 anarrachta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 anarrachta or dil.ie/3365

 

(arrachta) adj very strong: fiacla a.¤ áithe aici, SG 251.17 .

anfolad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anfolad or dil.ie/3585

 

Forms: anfolta

adj (folud). Predominantly in pl. (anfolaid, anfolta). Later (in sense II) with sg. anfola as dental stem (cf. 2 fola).

I Legal. Lit. bad `folud' (see Thurn. ZCP xiv 374 ). Always of improper conduct or behaviour by one party to a contract, settlement, etc. In Laws and Plummer MS notes translated disqualification , by Thurneysen schlechtes Gehaben, etc.: da ndernu in flaith indligedh marbtha res in cele is dilus do . . . imsgar res tre anfoltuib flatha i.e. if the lord commits a murder which injures the client the latter may withdraw from his relationship with him, Laws ii 274.9 Comm. tria anbfoltaibh flatha (of a lord who brings a larger retinue to the house of a tenant than he is entitled to), 232.8 Comm. imscarad imtoga . . . cen anfolta nechtar da lina i.e. a separation by mutual choice of `flaith' and `céile' without either being guilty of wrong conduct, ZCP xiv 384 § 49 ( Laws ii 312 ). imscarad do-tluigi(g)t[h]er flaith fri aigillni na bit anfolaid in ceili gaibter ann i.e. a separation which the `flaith' wishes but not because of any misconduct on the part of the `céile', 385 § 50 (ib. 316 ). imscarad fri hanmolta (leg. anfolta, Ed.) aicgillne mad anfoltach in cele frisin flaith, 387 § 53 (ib. 324 ). imscarad fri anfolta flatha, 387 § 52 (ib. 322 ). bit dono anfolaid beca and cheana na tuillet anisin, 388 § 53 . imscarad contethgatar anfolaid cechtar da lina an am inda-frecrat anfolaid fo cutruma separation due to bad conduct on both sides, 388 § 54 (ib. 326 ). cach innurbut anfoluid every (woman ?) whom bad conduct causes to be repudiated, Laws iii 60.17 . atait secht n-anfolaid fofuaslaicet udhburta in domain i.e. there are seven actions (repugnant to a church) by which one may nullify one's gifts (of land to a church), v 128.13 . tir aduberar do eaclais ar anmain, nad oide folta ata coire fri hubairt (text) .i. . . . ni dona anfoltaib fofuaslaicet udbarta in domain uil ann aice, 430.11 Comm. na nai ngrada deidinach so . . . ni caemtheta dire . . . na hanfolta, iv 352.9 . anfoladh ┐ docerd ┐ anendge (oppd. to airilliudh ┐ indrucus ┐ endce), 344.15 . Note also: ca coma iarrái ar mac micc in rigfeinded? . . . Gan mo léicen . . . nóco tí m'anfalta fein rium till I give reason through my own deficiencies (of a betrothal), Acall. 5700 . Cf. II (c).

II General.

(a) injury, wrong, injustice (where a poss. precedes this has objective force): ba anfola ┐ ba immarcraid ┐ ba écóir a cartad a purt, LL 220a18 ( TTr. 216 ). is forrán fích rabar foglúais ┐ iss anfola immarcraid, 238b18 (ib. 1612 ). i n-a fích immarcraid ┐ i n-a anfolaid anfóill, 222a43 (ib. 377 ). imda ar n-anfala na tig / ic clannaib Labrada Longsich many the injuries done to us(?), 6982 . do cuimnigh a egóir ┐ a anfolaid `his wrongs and injuries', Celt. Rev. iv 14.18 . ? marb an rí . . . / d'fuillídhain is d'anḟalaigh, Acall. 1203 v.l.

Very common with verbs of avenging, pardoning, etc.: acc aithe a ndímiadha a n-anffaladh ┐ a n-aincridhe, AFM v 1614.23 . d'aithe a anffoladh ar a eassccairdibh, vi 2146.15 . fear aithe a anfhalta, MR 262.12 . cen a ancraide ┐ can a anfolaid do dígail, LL 227b10 ( TTr. 761 ). do ḟogail a n-anfolaid for Troiannu, LL 231b49 (`illgotten wealth', TTr. 1081 ). aicsiu cach ríg . . . d'iarraid a n-a.¤ for Troianaib, 232b41 ( 1156 ). díghēlum a[r] n-anfolta fuirri, Fianaig. 54.28 . mana ica-sa t'anfholta no t'anfiacha, MR 264.3 . nír maithset meic E. a n-anbfala do'n céd ruathar, 244.3 .

Hence (b) resentment, grievance, grudge, feud, enmity: ros cuimnigset a n-anfalaid bunaid do chlannaib N., LB 119b32 = BB 18b3 . cor-morad tra cocad ┐ anḟolta iarum i cend cloinde N., LB 119b36 = BB 18b6 . rochumnig cách a anfolaid dia cheli, TFerbe 395 . mé do mharbhadh an mhoghadh / a Dhé an adhbhar anfholadh ? `is this a ground for enmity?', Studies 1924, 242 § 10 . Perh. also: adhnoidh a fhíoch dh'anfholtoibh / críoch fhaghloidh go n-adhantair `in fits of fury', O'Hara 189 . do tabairt córach do M. ina agarthaib ┐ ina anfhaltaib to give M. satisfaction in the matter of his . . . grievances(?), Caithr. Thoirdh. 135.26 .

(c) crime, offence, sin: ciaptar imda a n-anfolaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 390.66 . ar n-a dhiochar tre n-a analtoibh féin a h-Alban, ITS v 26.26 . D. do marbadh . . . tria a anfoltaibh ┐ tria chiontaibh féin, AFM ii 1138.2 . banaltra Dē . . . m'anḟalta lē lēiccfidher my sins will be forgiven for her sake(?), ZCP xii 380.5 . gur bháidh uile ar n-anfholta `till it overwhelmed our sins', A. Ó Dálaigh xv 2 .

Note also: in da oll-broinig . . . anfalaidh, MR 222.20 .

araít

Cite this: eDIL s.v. araít or dil.ie/3956

 

n f. covering, cloak, mantle: arit odor immi, LU 8519 ( FB 37 ). áráit . . . uimbe . . . eitig fri hairechtus aithe aenbroit na hároiti sin, IT i 271.y ( FB 37 Eg.). aráidi gorma ┐ breaca, TBC-LL¹ 5473 . araid gormcorcra ime, 5476 . araid odhur ghlas imbe guna lan do chongaib ┐ do chnamaib, RC xliii 78.8 . a ḟir uird na harāide (: Samāire) / mairg is meraige a dāna, ZCP x 44. 27 . .l. coire n-umai ┐ .l. araid merach, Anecd. i 12.11 (see SCano 376 n. ). araoid cover, carpet, toilet, table-cloth , P. O'C.

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