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1 abra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 abra or dil.ie/77

 

Forms: abrat, abra, abrait, abraid, abrait, abrat, abhra, fabhradha, abhra, abrachtaib

n nt, m. Later frequ. with inorganic f- (see also fabra). n s. abrat (leg. abra? Or for abrait?), Laws v 250.4 . a s. abraid, LL 208a16 . n p. abrait deirg, LU 7763 . g p. abrat, ZCP vii 299.17 . Later as vocalic stem (also with pl. forms in -dh-) g s. an abhra mhoill, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 404.9 . n p. fabhradha, Keat. ii 3636 . g p. abhra, DDána 99.30 . Note d p. abrachtaib gl. palpebris, Gild. Lor. 120 .

Orig. perh. eyelash(es) which seems to be the usual meaning in compounds, but eyelid suits a number of exx. The meanings cannot always be sharply distinguished, and the follg. classification is to some extent arbitrary.

(a) eyelash(es): palpebra .i. fabhra, Ir. Gl. 79 . ? aere mor aah bruit, IT iii 91 § 126 ( BB 293a11 ). a mailghi ┐ a abraid, 186.15 . abrait duib daín, LU 4515 . (cf. abhraid .i. fabhradha. a.¤ dhubhdhaimh .i. fabhradha amail daol, O'Cl.). iter clethchor ndub ndóelabrat, 7386 . abrait fo daildath, IT i 80.16 . an dara ha.¤ dubh, aroile fionn. TBC-LL¹ 5551 (Stowe). ma robenad a.¤ uachtair a sul do duine, Laws iii 352.11 Comm. da ḟabra dubha, Ériu iii 152 § 5 . With mong: abra dubmall nach daor mong, IGT Decl. ex. 521 . Cf. lia sgor an mhongabhraigh mhóir, DDána 106.5 . Fig. cróib dind abaill a hEmain / . . ./ gésci findarggait fora / abrait glano co mbláthaib, Imr. Brain 3 . láimh re habhradhaibh Eoraipe `hard by the fringes of Europe's shore' Ó Bruad. iii 70 x .

(b) eyelid: abrait fri nem (i.e. in prayer?), Ériu ii 64 § 4 . sruth serb saile i sūilib saigh, / aslocha fraigh n-abrat n-ūar, ZCP vii 299.17 . im fabra mil moir do chobraind, Laws i 124.7 . Cf. 250.4 . deor tromthoirsi co ti tar a.¤ ar n-aighti-ni, ACL iii 234.18 . fabra uachtarach a súl, O'Gr. Cat. 77.38 . cladmailgi . . . forbrit tar a fabradaib, MR 186.3 . eadrom is eatoil ghlana / muna n-iadhoinn m'aphradha, Studies 1920, 263.10 . In phrases corresponding to Engl. in the twinkling of an eye: feadh an abhra d'osgoladh, DDána 21a.2 . re turnamh an abhra, Ó Héodhusa 28.19 . ar feadh iadhaidh m'fhabhra even for a brief moment, DDána 32.12 .

In n.pr.: Fand . . . ingen Áeda Abrat .i. áed tene is hé tene na súla in mac imlesen, LU 3375 ( SCC 17 ).

In composition abrat-, later also abra-. ¤-chaín having fair eye-lashes: o ri Erend abradchain, BB 274a33 . Ailill abratchaen, Rawl. 83a36 . ¤-donn: an tóg abhradonn (: agam), TD 1.26 . fad ghruaidh abhradhuinn (: Conuill), 2.36 . ¤-dub: mar ráith gCuinn abhradhduibh fhinn (: charmhoguill), DDána 119.2 . ¤-gorm: ar int aithech abratgorm, Rawl. 87a45 . da óclach aigḟinna abratgorma, TBC-LL¹ 4346 . ¤-mall: crann céasda an óig abhramhoill, DDána 54.24 . ¤-rúad: C. abratruad of the red eye-lashes Rawl. 83a44 = C. Abhrad-rúadh .i. rosc rúadh co mailgibh rúadha ro thecht, nam brai mala dicitur , Cóir Anm. 190 . U. abradruad, RC xxiv 274 § 7 .

See abratchor.

aidbden

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidbden or dil.ie/828

 

Forms: aidben

Also aidben? Vn. of ad-feid (see Bürgschaft 23 , ZCP xviii 380 ).

(a) act of leading to, towards; setting something in motion: nach dal, nach a.¤ tonut-fuichfither any preparation, Bürgschaft 22 § 65 (b) (Veranstaltung?). frisna gnimu sin ┐ na haidbdena, 23 § c .

(b) Used of a person belonging to a noble grade whose function is to represent his kin in dealings with a higher lord, especially the king, or with members of an outside túath (see Bürgschaft, etc. above): combi lánchongnam i túaith do aidbdenaib, do noillechaib, do gi[u]ll, do gíall, do chairdiu tar cenn ceníuil tar crích i tech flatha, Críth G. 412 . do-beir cenel a slan na n-aidbhean .i. in tan nach biadh tobach. boaire medonach sin ┐ is edh gabus do laimh, dul tar ceann na tuaithe re cach nduine amach ┐ dul re laimh im cach ní dlighfit amuigh do tobach doibh the family pays the fine of the a. when a seizure has not taken place (i.e. when the a.¤ has not been able to recover the debt and has paid himself) O'D. 2287 ( Rawl. B 506, 26v1-2 ) ( ZCP xviii 380 ). Classed amongst the etarḟlaithi: rannait aitiri an da trian n-aile i tri .i. trian do flaith, trian do fine, trian do etarflaithib ┐ do iteraibh. trian na n-etarflaithe ┐ na n-etere, ranntair trian de do muire rechtgi doda-fet a tegh ri[g], a trian do aitiribh, a trian n-aill do aidhbenaibh na tuaithi do roinn co haenscrepall (of property of a deceased person), Bürgschaft 62.7 (Ériu i 215). ata aithech eirnis amal flaith fer son iii n-aidben, fer do-rata athair ┐ a senathair gell tar cenn a aicme, O'Curry 885 ( H 3.18, 396a ). tathat lim . . . logh do sinnsire tūs aidhbdhen tus ea[r]labhra, ZCP xii 365.14 ( tusn-aidbsina, Laws iv 372.12 . See aidbsiu). aidhbhean .i. adhbha dhíona, O'Cl. adhben .i. itercian bit dono adbena uasal .i. taoisich na tuaithe cach uais araile coruici righ, O'Dav. 185 (hence: aidhbeil (leg. aidhben, ed., aidh bhen, v.l.) .i. cian, Metr. Gl. 19 § 59 . aidhbhean .i. imchían nó fada, O'Cl.).

(c) the leading troops, vanguard (of an army): rushudhigsed sudhiugud fir fria n-aidpheana / fria sluaghadha fri cuanghala fria chaipdeana, Ériu xvi 180 § 9 . nicon reilgi a hiath aidhben / cūan nō caibden dia horgoin advance troops . . . to plunder her, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. v 1919, 93 § 31 (`aus fernem Land'). cengsat siar . . . ond Athain, aidben anair a troop from the east, Metr. Dinds. iii 4.35 (cf. aidhmen .i. deoraid, citing this ex., Ériu xiii 63 § 30 ). ?ciarb aidben leó fácbat sund / Cairmen . . ., Metr. Dinds. iii 6.63 . aidhbhean .i. olc no deoraidh, O'Cl. Hence as synonym of écht slaying, slaughter: mor d'echtaib ┐ d'aidbenaib, H 3.18 , 726.15 . slan a mhenman dechtaib ┐ daidhbenaibh dfhaghbháil forra, ITS xlii 302.y . robtar mince iomda a ccatha . . . a n-aidhbena for a mbiodhbhadhaibh, AFM vi 2280.9 .

(d) of Cú Chulainn's toys, playthings (cf. aidemm?): focheird a adbena uile riam acht a liathroit nammá, TBC-LL¹ 1018 . focheird a adbena ániusa uli úad, 1076 . gab icc athgarddigud na sliged reme da adbenaib ániusa, 1017 . mar benar a aidhbhena āiniusa ┐ imāna a lāmhaibh mic bhig, RC xiv 265 § 59 . Note also: ni haidhbhen etraib im Glend Ochaine sund, TBC(C) 425 (= cian, TBC-LL¹ , TBC St.

aidemm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidemm or dil.ie/870

 

Forms: aidimm, idim, uidim, udaim, ughaim, audaim

n ā, f. Also aidimm i, m. See GOI p. 163 . Found in a great variety of forms: idim, uidim, udaim, ughaim, audaim etc.

The general sense is instrument, implement, tool used in a variety of applications, see Plummer, Ériu x 118 . aidmi oipretho pectho ref. to membris nostris, Wb. 3c14 . arnaib aidmib gl. pro instrumentís uindictæ, Ml. 54b4 . ind adim (in adim, MS.) gl. instrumentum est diuinae iustitiae, 49b7 (see GOI loc. cit.); ?read i n-adim as an instrument, Plummer MS. notes. Of musical instruments: alaaile aidme ceuldae, Ml. 51c5 . aláaili aidme in chiuil, 89a9 . it hæ didiu ind aidmi asmbeirsom .i. organa , 8 . inna aidmi (a pl.) gl. instrumenta musica, 75c3 . caraid som inna aidmi in chiuil amal carthar inducbál, 4 . anmand aidmi ciuil, Auraic. 1482 . Of writing-implements: Tadhcc . . . do sgrib an beccan sin . . . le drochaidhme, L. Chl. S. 74.5 . Of shaving-implements: aidhme in berrtha, Lism. L. 2630 . Of agricultural implements etc.: aidme claidi in talman, Trip.² 921 . cona aidhmibh iarnaidhe . . . an talam do tochailt dona haidmibh, BNnÉ 323 § 34 . cen chlaidbe adma fige `without rods or implements of weaving', Metr. Dinds. iv 332.30 . aidhme legha, H 3.18, 71c11 . Of travel-requisites: aidmi na conaire, TTr.² 590 . na huile aidhme ro báidhid innte ó chen, AFM iii 42.9 . aidmi gl. armamenta nauis ( Acts xxvii 19 ), Thes. i 498.27 (Ardm.) ra iarraidit as cech aird a h-adbara ┐ a áidimmi (of building a ship), LL 218b31 ( TTr. 122 ). Of sports-requisites: a aidhme ainesa, TBC St. 908 . aidme (aidhbena, v.l.) ainesa, TBC-LL¹ 2247 . Of weapons: fo aicni na haidhme dar feradh in fuiliuga[dh] according to the nature of the weapon with which the wound was inflicted, O'D. 874 ( H 3.17, c. 627 ). mas tre ésce ferfaithir na cneda, cibe aidim trisa ferthair, 2323 ( Rawl. B 506 fo. 34a ). cach udhim aidmillti, CCath. 4139 . dorónsat gaill aidhme iongnaithe damhainsi ealadhan ┐ inntlechta, AFM iii 280.w . focerdsi iolar ndaoine go hEirinn cona n-aidhmibh techta leo 'with the necessary arms', vi 2000.6 , cf. ataat a aidmi téchte lasin n-aidchi (leg. aithech? Notes), BDD² 1355 . aidhme toghla an chaisteoil do dhénamh leó, AFM vi 1980.6 . Of furniture, vessels, etc.: aidmib h-in airc . . . co h-ulib, LB 123a47 . do denamh na hairce gos na haidhmibh ros foghain di, Leb. Gab.(i) 8.20 . fa hiad aidhme a adhbhadh, DDána 83.13 . Esp. of ecclesiastical utensils: huanaib aidmib noibaib robatar hi tempul, Ml. 74a13 . aidme altoire, Laws i 232.4 = itmi a.¤ , O'Curry 809 ( H 3.18, p. 374a ). in altóir cona haidmib téchtaib, Ériu i 219 § 6 . ruc brait móir a cathraig ṅDé / ┐ romill a aidme, ZCP iii 19.19 . mess cet n-unga do aidmib aiffrinn Ceallaig, AU ii 98.5 . crosa ┐ polaire ┐ tiagha leabur ┐ aidhme eclusdai arcena, Lism. L. 968 . aidme coiserca .i. airc . . . in coimded ┐ na table cloche . . ., YBL 169a18 . ? a cethair soisgéla ana láim féin ┐ sceota na n-aidhbheagh ar muin cléirigh re chois, Imr. Brain 64.10 = sceota na n-aidhbéadh, 31 . Of plough-traces, harness: no ticcedh damh allaidh . . . gusan seisrigh no gusan ughaim ┐ do theigedh 'san ughaim uadha féin, ZCP x 4.12 . do chuir a nughaim na ccámhull íad in the camel's furniture, Gen. xxxi 34 . a srien ┐ a n-audhaim `of their bridles and harness', Fl. Earls 252.27 . Of the membrum virile: mas i a uidim ro benad asin duine, Laws iii 354.15 Comm.

Technical name for the ring or hoop with which the hurdles of an enclosure or pound were fastened together (see Plummer loc. cit.): udim .i. nomen dond rōi (roid, v.l.) triasa tēit in crand bīs forsin clēith ocon udmad, nō occa dūnad, Corm. Y 1269 `u. is the name of the great ring through which passes the stake on the hurdle, fastening it with an u. or closing it', Plummer. udhma .i. uaim arin fidh .i. . . . in idh bec bis a[c] comat in cumainn, O'Dav. 1615 . ar cul a comla . . . .i. ni fuaslaicther de dogrés .i. aidhme fonaisctear and, O'D. 1182 (H. 2.15 p. 45 (69)b) `behind the door . . . i.e. it is never released thence, that is, `aidhme' are fastened on it', Plummer (see udmad). Similarly in phrase a.¤ corthi: udhaim corthi .i. idh uaim .i. uaim in fedha, O'D. 1208 (H. 2.15, 83a). audoim .i. roi[d] gait, ut dicitur audaim corthe, O'Curry 124 ( H 3.18, p. 75 ). aí daim choirthe (audaim coirthi, audhoim corthi, audim corad v.l.), IT iii 36 § 18 ; 37.2 , 6 , 8 .

In general sense of means, cause: aidim duinibaidh, RC xxxvii 347 § 42 . Cf. aidme.

aingech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aingech or dil.ie/1363

 

Forms: aithech, aingeach, adhbhalmhór

adj aithech aingeach adhbhalmhór fierce(?), Ériu v 178 . 253 . Cf. an(d)gaid.

airchinnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchinnech or dil.ie/1719
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: oirchinneach

n o, m. (airchinn?). oirchinneach m. IGT Decl. § 22 . head, leader, superior: is hé as a.¤ inna n-uile gl. Deus, Wb. 4c3 . ropsa a.¤ isin dán sin, 18c15 . nípsí bes a.¤ gl. neque dominari, 28b14 . óin di airchinchib assiæ insin `he is one of the leaders of A.', 7b11 . corrup hæ bes oena.¤ gl. primatum tenens, 26d2 . airchinneach .i. archendach, arcos graece, excelsus latine a.¤ er-cend-óg, ūasal-cend-comlān, Corm. Y 65 . Of a pope: is é . . . airchindech ro bae hi Roim . . . Célestinus, Trip.² 288 . do airchindeach an tighe, RC ix 468.8 . inghen airchinnigh in mhuilinn, Lism. L. 4169 . do airchinnchib na sacart gl. principibus sacerdotum, Rawl. B. 512 fo. 72a (Plummer MS. notes). comtís airchindich oc tinól cech ráeta, TTr.² 310 . in mir ata on aircinniuch don caisleoir, Laws ii 232.12 Comm. airchinnig etrócair, LU 2176 . Satan airchindech iffirn ┐ taisech in báis, PH 3818 . mo chorp . . . atá oirchinneach olc ann, Dán Dé xxix 4 .

Name of a monastic office, anglicised erenagh . See Kenney, Sources for the Early Hist. of Ireland i p. 12 n. 17 . Administrator (of ecclesiastical land, monastic estate) Ríocht na Midhe viii 9-10 , Peritia iii 259 . Later a purely lay office, see Reeves Ad. p. 364 . cech airchindech fritái in lessa doboing .i. bís ind-agaid in ordaigthi sea nō ac nach bí ind eclas hé 'each erenach who opposes the dues he levies,(?) that is, who is against this ordinance or to whom the church does not belong' Ériu i 219 § 7 . a.¤ Cille moire Enir do sharugud ┐ D. a seccnap do ghuin, AU i 310.1 . Scothine a.¤ Dairmaighi `erenagh of Durrow', 466.x. Colla a.¤ Innsi Cathaigh, 502.12 . M. fosairchinnech aird Macha `vice-herenagh', 576.3 . a réir in apad . . . .i. in airchinnig, O'Dav. 154 . epscop ardd ná airchendach, Trip.² 2531 . ceall a mbi airchindech laich cen cairiuga[d] do abuid, Laws v 118.4 .i. ceall a mbi a.¤ tuatha . . . cin . . . cursachad don ap bis uasa, 122.10 Comm. ite cealla ind-so o nach acrait airchindig a leasa, 118.10 . nocho dlegar do na gradaib acalsa mna do bheith aco no . . . dligid in t-airchindech uair is grad uird acalsa he, 122.8 Comm. is cuma no do gaib aire fri aithech ┐ aircindech fri bachlach, iv 68.5 . a.¤ (first of seven officers in a monastic settlement), ZCP v 499 § 3 . G. . . . orchindech Oli Finn ┐ G. . . . a setid pusta, Ann. Conn. 1314.6 . Diarmait mac orchindig Ola Finn, 1471.19 . in airchindech . . . má mnái . . . in luchtaire, MacCongl. 39.13 . na epscoip na hairchinnig / ┐ na filid imda, LL 6349 . ceat olca na hairchinnigh / it maithe na hērlamha (a proverbial saying, cf. Ériu iv 40 n. ). cid buidech di int a.¤ / nocha buidech int érlum, v 24.3 . bid sūairc la rígu ┐ airchindchiu he will be on pleasant terms with kings and erenaghs, ZCP x 225 § 1 . tūatha Temrach Truimm airchinnig na cell, KMMisc. 260 § 3 ( LL 18821 ). conna coistifet ind airchinnig fria manchu ┐ a mmuntera, RC xxvi 42 § 222 . for oirchinneachuibh no for aittreabthachaibh na hecclaisi, BNnÉ 248 § 201 . oircin- each cluig duib Patraic `keeper of the black bell', Iar Conn. 370 z . a.¤ tighe aoidhedh Cluana mic Nóis i.e. head of the monastic hospice, AFM ii 822.4 . ban-a.¤ female erenagh , see ben compds.

airéirge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airéirge or dil.ie/1922

 

vn. of ar-éirig. act of rising: maten moch iar n-uréirgiu, Ériu iv 150.16 . bui Cormac . . .oc uréirghi, RC xxv 28.1 . airérge ndorchai getting up in the dark, Rawl. B. 512, 37b (cited from Contribb.). Of rising up in token of homage: cia measom do cain tsaorraith? — manchuine ┐ ureirge, ZCP xv 240 § 2 = Laws ii 194.2 (according to the gloss here a client was bound to rise three times before his lord in token of fealty). dligid gach flaith urerge .i. taoibi no gluine .i. é 'na suide .i. trí seoit isin cétna nem-urerge for failing to rise the first time, O'D. 514 ( H 3.17, 417 -8). craumfes . . . .i. in cet aurerge .i. mad ro mheatha forsan ceile, O'Curry 876 ( H 3.18, p. 393a ). riar aurerge .i. fireirghe reme fa tri san enlo, O'D. 1010 (H. 2.15, p. 16). trí hurergi (in a list of dues), 511 ( H 3.17, c. 415 ). mine o sin amach ┐ urerghe (of a felmac) i.e. the student is obliged to be docile and to respect his tutor, Laws ii 354.20 Comm. ni do aithech doghniu-sa ureirghi, Lism. L. 1881 . amus a.¤ a special kind of servant : sechtmadh saire do amus urerge na bi rechtaire ┐ na bí fear coimsi acht a corp gnima fadeisin, O'Curry 2445-6 ( Eg. 88 36(37)c) . Laws ii 24.23 . ? aurgeirgi .i. aurnaidhe righ do gres dia manchaine, O'Curry 473 ( H 3.18, 248 ).

airlithir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airlithir or dil.ie/2222
Last Revised: 2019

 

v (cf. 1 airle)

(a) advises, counsels: is he nodairlestar ar a gais it was he gave advice on account of his wisdom, Ériu iii 140.158 (= conid he roscobair tria gaes, Cymmr. xiv 116 § 17 ). dilmuin do boethuib nad nairliut gaith fools whom the wise do not advise are exempt, Laws ii 82.7 = na nairliter, O'Curry 684 (H. 3.18 p. 333). Cf. airlethfimne na hóga .i. do ghéunam leathnughadh no comhairliughadh ar na laochaibh, O'Cl. (airle). With prep. DO: is and airlestar Eithne . . . dia haitib dul doib . . . advised her fosterers, Ériu iii 140.156 (= dobreth E. iarsin comairle dia meithre, Cymmr. xiv 116 § 17 ). ? táet Lugaid chuci or Ailill ┐ ara n-airlathar dó in n-ingin and let him advise him [to accept] the girl(?), LU 5864 = taet L. chuci or siat, ┐ aranarlathar, ZCP ix 154.22 (see ad-gládathar).

(b) consults, asks advice of: airliter cumni cóich comarbai cré, LU 3474 ( SCC² § 25 `let memories be consulted to learn to which heir the land belongs'). collaa dún . . . issa ndúnad co n-airlither (.i. co n-iarfaigea) Lugaid mac Nóiss, 5991 ( TBC-I¹ 1523 ). is imbe rotairles sech na ridiribh eile, Grail 2846 . deliberates, considers: mani airlestar, TBC-I¹ 74 (`if heed is not taken of him', Faraday 5 ).

(c) takes a resolution, resolves, determines: roairlesatar Connachta . . . techtaireda ūaidib, TBC-I¹ 3098 . ? In cheville: arnamāirech doibh / for muir miadh (= mad?) airleth (: bairgedh), ZCP x 344 § 12 . tiucfa la Flann Cinach / a coimpert madh airledh (: bairgen) well has it been decided(?), § 21 . ro-airliset īerom Connachtae i comairle cid di-gēndais 'the Connachtmen then decided in council what they should do', BDC 122.282 .

(d) looks after, sees to: arndip maith nairlethar a muintir `that he care well for his household', Wb. 28b32 . nipa díless duit an í hi tái mani cáinairlither gl. si permanseris in bonitate, 5b38 . Note also: airlethar no móras gl. sed quem Dominus commendat, 17b22 (wrong interpretation of commendat?).

(e) arranges, regulates: arlifimni na hócu chena conná gébat forsin tslóg (of the Galióin), LU 4648 ( TBC-I¹ 187 ). ? dia ard airlathar / aingel indrechta, 1156 (ACC). is and ro airled ri ┐ aithech here (i.e. in the Senchas Mór) was fixed (the difference between) king and serf, ZCP xvi 175 § 2 ( Laws i 40 ). is and ro-airled dire cáich fo miad, § 3 (ib.). is i Senchas Mor ro-airletha na cetheora cána, 176 § 6 . it teora eirce airliter, Laws iii 26.17 .i. erluaidhter na teora eirce, 25 Comm. slicht eitgedh airligter, 536.3 .i. eraluaiter aisneis na eirci, z Comm. ? ni ragaid mani deib cumachtachaib / arlidir crib coternam, LL 1620 = manab dib cumachta clanntar / crib airlither cat .i. munab cumachtach sibh ar erluadh no ar urfoichill catha do cor co crib no . . . biodh urfoichill chatha co luath libh, Leb. Gab.(i) 254.7 = ni raghadh muna deibh clandtar cirb airligther cath, BB 40a54 . prescribes, decrees: bailechro a n-ifernd ro-n-airlestar Dia fri pianadh na pecdhach `which God has designed', Ériu ii 132 § 108 . nad inand airlither Dīa do gach dāen, Anecd. v 23.2 .

Note also: conidnarlaid (.i. co roairlestar) síth iar sáeth, Thes. ii 332.17 .

1 aithches

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithches or dil.ie/2579

 

n wife of an aithech : aithech . . . a.¤ .i. uxor eius, quomodo lāiches a laico , Corm. Y 52 . sóifid rodruine i n-ónmite ┐ athchessa, RC xxvi 42 § 220 . aithcheas .i. bean an laoich, O'Cl. aithcheasa .i. aithchiosaide .i. meirdreacha, ib.

1 aithech ,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithech , or dil.ie/2605
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: athach, athaig

n o, m. (aithe). See LEIA a.¤ (cóir), athach, eathach (lochdach) m., IGT Decl. § 11 , § 55 . Note however, athaig (g s.): athair, Éigse viii 290 § 12 and n. 0

Lit. rent-payer; vassal, peasant .

(a) In legal contexts used of a particular class of tenant and sometimes to describe the commoner as opposed to the noble. See Críth G. p. 74 ; ZCP xv 245 . ethach .i. quasi aithech .i. doniter a aithe for neach, O'Curry 105 ( H 3.18, 70 ). a.¤ .i. fer braith ut est taidhe cach a.¤ .i. is amail gataide in fer braith nó in fer forinaiter féich, O'Dav. 37 . Cf. táid gach a.¤ | a.¤ gach ainbh, Ériu xiii 20.14 . a.¤ = briuga, Harl. 5280, 53b (Plummer MS. notes). athaigh .i. íocaidhe, O'Cl. flaith ┐ a.¤ `lord and vassal', Thes. ii 238.12 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). fri tige cach na.¤ , Ml. 92d15 . athaig ┐ bachlaich domeled sin uile, SCano 345 . flaith athuigh na bid flaith a athair i.e. a noble whose father was a commoner, `Bauer-Herr', ZCP xv 245 § 4 . ní dlig a.¤ mraich cor[o]p flaith, Críth G. 254 . díre n-aithig honour-price paid by an a., 530 . athich cacha slointe di ṡhund huma anechclann the commoners of every family from here on with their e., Rawl. 118b38 . adnacol do cholaind aithich thuaithe a peasant of the tribe (laity?), RC x 82.12 . soifid roúall . . . i mmaccu a.¤ .i. grád fene no chille, LL 188c1 ( RC xxvi 42.1 ). ait[h]ech cách co hEogan húais, ZCP viii 299 z . ísel cech athech, Tec. Corm. § 15.15 . ó a.¤ co righ, ML² 836 . athig i comairli ríg / mairg tír i tic in scél, Ériu ix 48 § 23 . aondath i n-éadach moghaidh, dá dhath i n-éadach an aithigh, Keat. ii 1918 . aithigh Laighion / siad ós maithibh measfuidhior, LBranach 5776 = DDána 117.16 . gach saoirfhear ann badh aitheach, 72.32 . Prov.: as ait[h]ech cāch gan deōladh no one is so exalted but he can do with assistance(?), ML² 162 .

With qualifying clause, gen., etc. a.¤ ara-threba a deich (so called because his stock is numbered in tens, and represented as standing midway between the ócaire and the bóaire, Críth G. p. 77 ): cateat fodlai bóairech? dá ḟer midboth(a) ┐ óccaire ┐ a.¤ arathreba a deich, 17 . a.¤ arathreba a deich, deichde a búar sidi, 132 . a.¤ baitside (baitsid, baitse), meaning doubtful; is é a.¤ baitside inso dia mbé in[n]a enncai cen gait, cen brait cen guin doíne acht láa catha nó nech toṡaig a chenn fair, Críth G. 142 and n. a.¤ forrtha (fortha), one appointed to take the king's place in legal actions against him, see forrtha.¤ im athechu bunaid (.i. na aithig ḟortha) im athechu cis (.i. na doerchele), Cóic Con. 21 § 14 .

(b) In pejorative sense churl, boor, uncouth person: contall a chenn dind aithiuch labar, Ml. 58c6 . in triar a.¤ . . . ro anacht Cú Ch., BDD² 1287 . robo leanamnach int a.¤ (aidech, LU), TBC-I¹ 1207 . ni thecat da fuapairt / acht [mad] athig mith, TBC-LL¹ 3371 (see meth). is duit dosratsam ┐ ni dont ṡenaithiuch ucat (of Rónán), Fing. R. 67 . ni tú as cóir dia chairigud . . . a.¤ samlut (of Lugaid Mac Con), RC xiii 438 § 9 . bríathra athig churlish words, LU 5450 (TBC). in t-eathach, Acall. 5532 . dias aitheach oc ingairi cairech, YBL 122a2 . cumala ┐ athig na Pers, Alex. 390 . athig ┐ doeraicme, TTr.² 1303 . ar ba haitheach somh a h-ucht treóin `being a plebeian representative of a hero', AFM iii 178.17 . a tigh aithigh ┐ áonmná / caithidh sibh an cáomlá ar cúairt, IGT Decl. ex. 363 .

In phr. a.¤ feda base tree (oppd. to aire feda). Used of letters of the alphabet: athaigh feada, Laws iv 146.19 , 24 . airigh fedha ┐ athaig fedha . . . athaig fedha .i. fern, sail, bethi etc., Auraic. 1151 = aithig, 4249 .

(c) giant, monster: immacomarnaic dó ┐ don scál. tresi cluchi ind athig, LU 8538 ( FB § 39 ). da aitheach forgranna, Aisl. Tond. 98 § 1 . ar neimib a n-arm na n-athach n-uathmar n-agarbh, BB 43b1 . lorg in fhathaigh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1006 . ris an athach darbh ainm Goliath, TSh. 10937 . combarala dam ┐ dond a.¤ (of the Cyclops), Mer. Uil. 56 . ethach ┐ arderrad ┐ fogmoir, Stair Erc. 1290 . is i in [n]aithir neime .i. in t-a.¤ aingide (of the custodian of the Garden of the Hesperides), 254 . tú an aithir sheang . . . / is ceann aithigh uirrei-se, DDána 50.10

COMPDS. ¤-aicme vassal tribe: seacht n-aitheachaicme robadar isin tir re tiachtain de Uib Eachach, ZCP xiv 44 § 6 . ¤-lus lit. churl's herb (protection against the evil eye ? Celtica xxiv 38 ): righlus ┐ tarblus ┐ a. . . . a. do ghradaibh feine, O'D. 2365 ( Rawl. B. 506, f. 43b ). ¤-matad base dog (term of contempt): ni tocrad dam int aitheachmattud [do] gleid (glieid, LU) frisin coin moir, TBC-I¹ 1228 . aithechmadad druthsotal, 1594 . ciarso dúal don athiuch-matud saigid forsin árchoin, TBC-LL¹ 1935 . ¤-phort rent-paying town: trí aithechpuirt (.i. bailte bodaich) Hérenn: Clúain Iraird, Glenn Dá Locha, Lugbad, Triads 33 and note p. 36.

¤-thúath subject people (see Mac Neill, Early Irish Population-Groups, PRIA xxix (C) 59 - 114 , O'Rahilly, EIHM p. 154 ff. ): ro díbdáit uili cland Ugaine Máir la athechthúathaib Herend . . . ┐ ro gabsat athechthuatha Herend flathemnas Temrach, LL 7308 . ba di athechthuathaib Herend dó, 14616 . na haitheachthúatha ┐ Cinél Conaill . . . ag argain an bhaile, Ériu v 76.16 . le daorchlannaibh nó lé hathachthuathaibh Éireann, Keat. ii 3702 . annam lib athechthuatha do tháinsemad bartrenfer, LL 238b25 ( TTr. 1617 ).

See next.

2 aithech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aithech or dil.ie/2606

 

Forms: haithighe, aithig

n in phr. a.¤ tige o, m. master of a house, husband . As ā, f. (g s. na haithighe , O'Dav. 98 . d s. aithig, Ir. Recht 4 § 2 ) mistress of a house, wife . Treated as distinct from 1 aithech by Stokes, O'Dav. 58 , LEIA etc. a.¤ tighe .i. fer tighe, ut est luighe in aithigh thighe ┐ na haithighe tighe `the oath of the master and of the mistress of the house', O'Dav. 98 . [ben] aititen .i. ad-daimther i nn-aithig tigi ┐ ni prim ben, Ir. Recht 4 § 2 . trian do aithiuch tige, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 29 § 11 . nī uīth cuit don m[n]ai sin . . . a n-ōentig aithig tighi, acht a bith i n-uarboith fri less amuig, Cáin Ad. 2 . a macc ar a.¤ tighe (list of pledges for debt), 26 . arces an fer maith hisin ┐ a a.¤ tige the good man complained and his wife, Rawl. B. 512, 33c20 (Plummer MS. notes). ar na tērglas a.¤ tige (céili dingbala v.l.) di in Hērind for a husband had not been chosen for her, Fing. R. 363 ( ZCP iii 5 § 13 ). Without qual. gen. fighting-man, warrior (1 aithech ?): a.¤ . . . .i. ni hainm acht do deglaoch, Corm. Y 51 . a.¤ .i. laoch, ut est ar is eccsi iarmofoich . . . ni haithechus .i. ni laochdacht, O'Dav. 53 . is tríut ro marbad m'athair / ro bo deglaech degathaig, TFerbe 691 .

3 aithech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 aithech or dil.ie/2607

 

n only in glossaries sow: athach .i. cráin, ut est athach ac iarraidh chullaigh, Ériu xiii 64 § 33 . athach .i. crain no moghaidh, 76 § 212. aitheach .i. cráin, O'Cl. Special use of 1 or 2 aithech ?

aithechán

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n (1 aithech ) little churl: ní amal fogní athechán orbugud a chlainni, LU 10279 = aithecan, ZCP iii 235.16 .

aithechas

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n u, m. (2 aithech ) state of being the master or mistress of a house: aithechus .i. laochdacht, O'Dav. 53 . trian do aithiuch tige, trian do mnai frisi mbi aithechus tige i.e. to the wife who has joint control of the house, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 29 § 11 .

aithechdae

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adj io, iā (1 aithech ) of the status of an aithech , hence rent-paying, tributary, vassal; boorish, gigantic: aithechdai .i. fri tige cach n-aithech gl. priuatas ædes, Ml. 92d15 . tuath . . . aitheachda, Hy Fiach. 156.z (also as n. loc., see note). aithechda an ḟīrdechsain boorish, ZCP viii 205 § 32 . ilchenēla athachdha `gigantic races', Marco P. 187 . As n. pr. Ait[h]ecda ri Hua Mail, Dinds. § 14 ( RC xv 305 ). a Aithechdai, ib.

amrígan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amrígan or dil.ie/3213
Last Revised: 2019

 

n (rígan) non-queen, female commoner: ro hairled rig ┐ aithech, rigan ┐ amrigan, Laws i 40.11 Comm. rígain ┐ amrígain (MS amrig-), QML xiii 4 § 2 , CIH v 1896.27 .

? aracae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? aracae or dil.ie/3922

 

v subj. pres. 3 s. of ar-cing or ar-tét? Or 1 ara + subj. of 1 cingid? ara cae borbh ecna . . . ara cae aithech flaith ara cae osor sinnsir the wise should take precedence over the ignorant(?), Laws iv 372.3 . Cf. a.¤ .i. cemniugud ut est a.¤ osar sinnser .i. madi[a] cemnige inti is ó riasinti is [s]iniu, O'Dav. 122 . cae .i. ceim, ut est a.¤ osar sinnser , 550 .

ar-treba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-treba or dil.ie/4342
Last Revised: 2019

 

v ā (trebaid) = ad-treba in: it he sin . . . artrebat hiffern, SR 8350 . gebait a mathre in tir artrefat (arattrefat co bráth v.l.), Cymmr. xiv 108 § 8 . Appar. distinct compd. in: aithech arathreba a deich, Críth G. 17 , 132 `the churl who farms with his tens', p. 28 .

3 athach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 athach or dil.ie/4607

 

x see 1 aithech .

4 athach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 athach or dil.ie/4608

 

x see 3 aithech .

athgabáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athgabáil or dil.ie/4770

 

Earlier -ál ā, f., vn. of ad-gaib.

(a) In legal sense of the process of recovery of debts, etc. by distraint. See the tracts in Laws i 64, ii 122 and the account in Laws i xlvi . Also in concr. sense of the goods so taken. For meanings with qualifying words see these. do cetir slict athgabala, heading of tract dealing with seizure, Laws i 64 . atait secht n-athgabala gabar la feine nacon toibget lesa cia ro nasaiter cia ro gaibtar . . . athgabul airach laisi mbi aithach fortha, etc., v 254.1 . atait secht sealba . . . na gaibter athgabail . . . ina teallach .i. noco dlegar athgabail . . . da techtugad, iv 6.6 , 14 Comm. gaibead imme .i. gabair a.¤ aire conderna ime `let a distress be made upon him', 128.19 Comm. apad ┐ troscadh do thabairt air, ┐ a.¤ da gabáil de iarsin (in the case of a person who cannot or will not perform the services of `fubu' and `rubu' for his land), 134.1 Comm. atait secht foruis . . . arachuille coir n-athgabala . . . otha suidiu dligi cach forus n-athgabala dia faithce fodesin i.e. there are seven illegal pounds for cattle . . . these apart anyone may detain them in their own green, v 266.19 . a.¤ ar fut distress after delay, i 208.19 Comm. contrasted with a.¤ tulla immediate distress, 24 Comm. athgabail toxail itir crichaib imdergaib, 74.x Comm. toxal .i. athgabāil ind fir fine do gabáil ō c[h]inaid in c[h]intaig, Corm. Y 788 . mad áil donti geibes in na.¤ daeine do gabail i nathgabail, O'D. 2271 ( Rawl. B 506, 23c ). más comdliged gabthar an athgabháil cid cindti na fiacha is aisic na athgabhála ┐ dilsi na fiacha the article taken in distraint, O'D. 915 (H 3.17, c. 652). apadh ┐ troscadh for in flaith ┐ aithgabail do gabhail don aithiuch fortha i.e. distress is accepted by the ` aithech fortha' on behalf of the king, 908 (H 3.17, c. 648). daine di-neime[d] . . . no gabait som forru in athgabail do gabail um cinuig in rig, Laws v 254.x Comm. rucus slān fuaslaicthi di a.¤ . . . ba deithbir ar ba athgabāil gabtha fri indliged .i. nī acclaid fuatach na hathgabāla dina-daimth[er] dligid na cirtt i.e. the taking back of the article by the person distrained against, Thurn., ZCP xv 364 § 48 . rucus forus n-athgabāla i n-alachrīch I decided that it was lawful to impound beyond the territory, § 49.

(b) With similar meaning in less specialized texts: do-bádi [fingal] a greit ┐ a a.¤ pledge (`Pfand'), ZCP xi 85 § 38 . crō ō inn dano, is hēisidh[e] saighes fine ar urradhas ar ath-athgabāil (sic), Ériu i 214.27 . athgabhail .i. cró aighe, O'Cl. cía fuaitges in n-a.¤ `who seizes the pledge', Metr. Dinds. iii 212.30 and Corr. ní lamar la graifne in gáid / élud, aithne, a.¤ , 18.224 . di marc hi n-athgabāil in satisfaction, ZCP vii 305.14 .

(c) In phr. fo-ácaib a.¤ leaves, gives pledge, security (in compensation), leaves possessions: ni ḟaicfed dano a.¤ túath nó chenél lasa mairfide som the people by whom he should be slain would die destitute, RC viii 50.5 (`no folk by whom he would be slain would get reprisal', Stokes). ní ba mór itir faicebtha athgabāil `thou shalt not leave any great inheritance(?)', Ériu viii 157.y . nocon(on)faicebsa a.¤ latt intan immosceram, RC xiii 436 § 4 . So also: na ricfa a anim nem ┐ na biad a a.¤ i talmain he will leave no goods on earth, LL 354d8 . cen athgabail nime na talman ūadhibh should leave neither spiritual nor worldly inheritance (?), Cáin Ad. 31 . nambad iarfasti a chiniud la cách / ┐ nad mbíad a athgabail día chiniud co bráth that none should ask after his people and that he should leave no inheritance to his people, Trip.² 2515 .

(d) In phr. co n-a.¤ including , cen a.¤ excluding: na huile cneda . . . otha bas go banbeim go nathgabail an bais ┐ gin athgabail an banbeim, Laws iv 232.11 Comm. coruicce ard-airig .i. co nathgabail in airig aird, v 402.27 Comm. o ind in méoir co n-a.¤ maethan a n-imdha, Thr. Ir. Gl. 17.20 . in lin . . . airimther o dialt co bricht cona n-athghabhail diblinaib inclusive, Auraic. 904 . can athgabail Ṡlainge not including S., Fen. 46.1 .

(e) In general sense of plunder, booty: cloc ┐ salm do eclais geill do rígaib . . . aithgabáil do fennethaíb, LU 9787 . do thabairt braite ┐ athgabala esti, TTr.² 386 . coblach do thecht . . . ┐ a.¤ do thabairt uadib coro[b] buide leo assec E. dar éis na hathgabala to take spoil from them, LL 229a47 ( TTr. 898 ). athgabhail .i. creach, O'Cl.

(I) act of receiving again: nách éidir an baistteadh . . . d'athghabháil one cannot receive baptism a second time, Desid. 4960 .

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