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ad-gnin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-gnin or dil.ie/463
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: -athgniniu, adgniatt, -aithgnintar, -aithnentar, atgnied, -aithgnead, conatcomgeontais, -athgneorsae, -aithgné, -aithgnet, atgnead, adgneth, asaithgned, atagensa, -aithgéna, atatgentar-su, -athgnitae, adgén-sa, -athgén, -aithchéin, -aithgein, ad-geúin, ad-id-geúin, -aithgeuin, -aithgiuin, atgeóin, aithgeóin, adgenammar, adrogenmair, -orgenamar, -aithgenamar, -athgénmár, atgenatar, -athgéntar, atgensat, aichensat, aithgensat, aithgeonadh, aithne, ætgnithi

v (* ath-gni-n-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 546 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. -athgniniu, Liad. and Cuir. 16.4 . 3 pl. adgniatt, O'Dav. 156 . Pass. sg. -aithgnintar, Sg. 29b10 . -aithnentar, Triads 188 v.l. . Indic. impf. 3 s. atgnied, ZCP vii 300.11 . -aithgnead, LU 5921 (TBC). Cf. 3 pl. conatcomgeontais `so that they knew not', CCath. 4777 , cf. 4800 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. -athgneorsae, BDC 126.354 . 3 s. -aithgné , LU 5870 (TBC). 3 pl. -aithgnet, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . Subj. impf. 3 s. atgnead, LU 10323 . adgneth, O'Curry 2165 ( Eg. 88, fo. 4(5)d) . With inf. pron. in rel. clause asaithgned, LU 8384 ( FB § 25 ).

Fut. 1 s. atagensa, Ériu xii 186 § 18 (TE2). 3 s. -aithgéna Liad. and Cuir. 22.4 . Pass. sg. atatgentar-su, Ml. 121d22 . Condit. 2 s. -athgnitae, IT i 144.21 .

Pret. and perf. (in early lang. frequ. with meaning of present) 1 s. adgén-sa, Wb. 12c13 . -athgén, LL 274b32 . 2 s. -aithchéin, TBFr. 206 . -aithgein, RC iii 345.25 . 3 s. ad-geúin: ad-id-geúin, Wb. 12c13 . -aithgeuin, Ml. 52 . -aithgiuin, Ériu ix 48 § 26 . atgeóin, Metr. Dinds. iii 224.11 . ro aithgeóin , Ériu iv 94 § 11 . 1 pl. adgenammar, Wb. 14d28 . adrogenmair, O'Curry 1887 (23 P 3, fo. 22a). Cf. also -orgenamar, CRR 17 , 33 ? -aithgenamar, RC xiii 222.33 . -athgénmár, LU 10800 . 3 pl. atgenatar, Ériu ii 102 § 10 . LU 8384 ( FB § 25 ). -athgéntar, RC xxv 348 § 3 . With s-pret.: atgensat, AFM vi 2214.11 . ro aichensat , CCath. 5558 . ro aithgensat , 5560 . ? Pass. sg. aithgeonadh, SG 121.33 .

Later as simple vb., see 2 aithnid.

Vn. aithne. Part. (pl.) ætgnithi (corrected from angnithi), Wb. 1b14 . See also as-gnin.

See con-gnin.

(a) knows, recognises: air nicon bia-som manibé aní hua n-aithgnintar ┐ hua n-ainmnigther, Sg. 29b10 . atatgentarsu gl. cognosceris, Ml. 121d22 . ni naithgeuin ┐ leicsi huad `he did not recognise him', 52 . ni rabi la Ultu fer asaithgned amal ro salchad, conid i n-a labrad atgenatar there was not . . . anyone who recognised him . . . so that it was by his speech that they recognised him, LU 8384 ( FB § 25 ). ecmaic atgeoin-sium for erlabrai ind fir co mbo druth he knew by the man's speech, LU 5874 (TBC). atgéoin ba doib forruised in praind, 1715 . aithgin a athair and ornasc imma meor, his father recognised . . . the gold ring, RC xii 72 § 44 . Pret. frequ. used with pres. meaning: adgenammar a séis `we know his meaning', Wb. 14d28 . a mbelra-sa no labraimsi . . . atgenatarside they know it, Ériu ii 102 § 10 . ? nis fuighli nad ergeouin, Laws i 296.20 . atatgen, is tú rommalt I know thee, it is thou who fostered me, SR 2887 . atgénammár asa samail in fer sin we recognise, LU 8605 ( FB 46 ). aithgén ar a mbernaib beit mairt ili, LU 6623 (TBC rhet.). atgeon-sa isat filid, MR 68.3 .

(b) perceives, is aware of: ataat tri laa . . . o atam-ni ic imbirt na fidchille acht nat aic[h]enmar lasin mbansoillsi, TBFr. p. 18.10 . atgniat na Gaill gur bhó celg rohinnledh, Hugh Roe 84.17 (fo. 22b) . atngneadh i n-aghad hin duine in galur no-m-bid fair atgnied . . . al-lín no-mbid conn galur ann (of a physician), RC iii 344.11 . roaithgeóin (conaithgéoin, v.l.) smacht féig fíadnach he experienced keen well-known discipline(?), Ériu iv 94 § 11 . Of knowing sexually: nír forfáemusa mnaí atgnead fer, LU 10323 .

1 aile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aile or dil.ie/978
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: oile, eile, arch, aild, aile, aile, aill, aile, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, áili, aili, aili, aile, ailib, aile, aili, aile, aili, aili, a., n-aill, n-aile, éile, éle, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, aile, alaill, allail, alaill, alaili, alailiu, aili, alaaili, alaili, n-aile, allaili, aile, alaili, aili, alaile, holailiu, horaili, fulailiu, folaill, hualailiu, alaile, alaill, alaile, arele, lelele, alaill, aláil, araill, alaili, aláili, álaili, araili, áréli, alailiu, arailiu, alaili, aili, lialailiu, liala ailiu, aile, alailib, alaili, aréli, alaili, indala, indala, dondala, indala, indala, indala, all, AILE, ALAILE, arailiu, alailiu, alaile, (a)la, al(l)

In later lang. oile, eile other, one of two, second , pronominal used as adj. and noun. Inflected as io, iā -stem except in n a s. neut. (aill, see below). GOI §§ 486 ff. , Hamp, Études Celt. ix 477 (aill, arch. aild). Old-Irish forms. Stressed forms

(a) aile (as adj. follows noun; as subst. always with article or nach). As adj. n s m. aile, Wb. 12c46 . n. aill, 9c3 . a s m. aile, Wb. 9d31 . n. aill, 13a1 . g s. aili, Sg. 30a2 . d s. ailiu, Wb. 21a7 . ailiu, Sg. 30b4 . n p. áili, Wb. 12b1 . aili, 22d14 . a p. aili, Sg. 28a6 . g p. aile, Wb. 12b3 . d p. ailib, Wb. 12b11 . Fem. n s. aile, Wb. 10d18 . a s. aili, Sg. 189a8 . g s. aile, Sg. 188a12 . n p. aili, Sg. 22a3 . a p. aili, Sg. 191a2 .

n As subst. n s m. nach a.¤ , Wb. 20a10 . n s n. a n-aill , Wb. 4b24 . a s m. nach n-aile , Wb. 8a3 . éile, éle (influence of céile, GOI p. 308 ), 6a15 , 6c18 . a s n. na aill , Wb. 17c23 . g s. nach aili , Wb. 17b28 . d s. nach ailiu , Sg. 209b12 . a p. amal na heliu, Sg. 9b1 . ailiu gl. quos (nullos tepefacit sol), Ml. 94b20 . Fem. g s. inna aile , Thes. ii 15.42 (BCr.).

(b) With double stem ala aile, alaile, with dissimilation araile (with stress on -ail-) (as adj. precedes noun; as subst. does not take article or other proclitic, cf. Ped. Ériu xv 188 ff.).

As adj. n s n. alaill ṡain, Sg. 6b24 . allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , 209b10 . g s. alaili thríuin, Sg. 96a4 . d s. alailiu chruth, Ml. 98d1 . n p. alá aili aidme, Ml. 89a9 . alaaili réta, Sg. 111b5 . a p. alaili dliged, Ml. 18c11 . g p. ala n-aile ndoine, Ml. 54a21 .

Fem. a s. allaili mbeasti, RC xi 446.1 . g s. ala aile aidme, Ml. 51c5 . d s. alaili tain gl. quando, Sg. 222b2 . n p. ala aili interiecta, Sg. 10a1 .

When used with a prep. ending in a vowel alaile sometimes drops its initial: holailiu, Ml. 80a2 . horaili, 2a6 . fulailiu (sic MS.), 102d2 . folaill, Laws iv 102.14 . But hualailiu, Ml. 40d17 . Sg. 25b12 . With la see substantival use infra.

n As subst. n s m. alaile, Wb. 6b20 . n s n. alaill, 7d11 . a s m. alaile, Wb. 5d15 . arele, 9c19 . With la: lelele, 16c24 . a s n. alaill, 4c33 . aláil, 12a10 . araill, 23b21 . g s. alaili, Wb. 4c13 . aláili, 12a34 . álaili, 13a9 . araili, Sg. 10a10 . áréli, Wb. 13a5 . d s. alailiu, Wb. 2a14 . arailiu, 21a13 . n p. alaili, Wb. 13a16 . ala aili , Sg. 215a1 . a p. with la, lialailiu, Ml. 14a4 (liaailiu, MS.). liala ailiu, Sg. 32b5 . g p. ala n-aile (gl. reliquorum), Ml. 37a21 . Sg. 201b15 . d p. alailib, Wb. 25b13 . Sg. 208b8 . Fem. a s. fri alaili , Sg. 202a4 . d s. aréli (see above), Wb. 8a7 , alaili, Sg. 189a7 . 212b3 .

In Bardic verse this form alliterates with words beginning either with r- or vowels: líonmhar dá reic re-roile, DDána 61.3 . sgol i n-ucht ar-oile ag ól, 103.25 .

(c) Unstressed forms (always adjectival preceding noun or aí, see below, and most usually with preceding article or cach). With article (both words indecl.) n s m. indala mmod, Ml. 45b11 . a s m. indala fer, Wb. 4c16 . d s. dondala lucht, Wb. 16c20 . n s f. indala chlas, Ml. 138d1 . g s f. indala rainne, Sg. 74b7 . a s n. indala lestar, Wb. 4c32 . With cach, usually cach la: cach la sel, Wb. 15d9 . cach le céin, Ml. 19c1 . Without art. somet. also all, see C I (a) below.

A. The form AILE.

I As adj. following its noun other, second: frituidecht a.¤ anísiu, Sg. 21b11 . pronomen naill, 197b17 . fogur na liter na.¤ , 4a8 . guidiu itge n-a.¤ , Fél. Ep. 413 . anní nail as much again, IT ii1 180.177 . cethri fogaetha a.¤ , SR 49 . immon michil lasin crosfigill-so immon muiri lasind crosfigell na.¤ immasech `with the next', Mon. Tall. 137.z (§ 28) . do nach raod aliu `to any other matter', 143.30 (§ 43) . isind le[i]th ailiu, Críth G. 591 (eliu, MS.). do c[h]ellaib elib, BColm. 62.20 . forsin triur aili `the other three', RC xxiv 174.10 . aisceda imda eili, Sc.M² § 4 R . Longínus in ainm ele, PH 673 . a dhuine dhiombuain eile, DDána 27.3 . céd eili d'uaislib `a hundred other nobles', IGT Decl. ex. 60 . ┐ ní eili and furthermore, Hy Maine 161.31 . beag oile as congnamh ré chois `little else', Dán Dé x 17 . aill with non-neut. noun: ro-lēcus-[s]a gaí n-aill cucut-su, Sc.M² § 13 . issin láim n-aill, MU² 543 . do thuc bulli n-aill, TBC-LL¹ 1998 . fecht n-aile (n-aill), úair a.¤ another time, on another occasion see fecht and 2 úar. Of future time, next, forthcoming: lathi n-and resint samḟuin a.¤ cind bliadna, LU 3298 ( SCC § 10 ). cosin caiscc naili `until the next Easter', Mon. Tall. 132.17 (§ 12) . nach (na) . . . a.¤ (aill) any other . . . : nábat nacha arm aili `let it not be any other arms', Wb. 11d14 . dochum nacha rainne a.¤ , Sg. 188a12 . indtan noteigdis nach leth aili, Mon. Tall. 129.18 (§ 6) . in nacha reduibh ailib, Ériu ii 106.9 . Masc. with neut. noun: huare nad fil na nert n-a.¤ , Ml. 29d5 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other, others etc.: cuit inna aine ┐ inna a.¤ of the one and of the other, Thes. ii 15.42 (Bcr.). amal na heliu `like the others', Sg. 9b2 . arus leth do fallaib an aill do doebdadaib `for half is due for the neglects, the other for the claimants,' Laws iv 126.21 Comm. mad a.¤ da lina beta olca folaid `one of two parties', ii 366.11 . ma a.¤ dá lína bes anfoltach, O'D. 565 ( H 3.17, 441 ). co ndearnadhsom in a.¤ chédna likewise, TFrag. 22.22 . mani tucad . . . ní din chéttadall ni bered a n-aill, Sc.M² § 1 . ní fargaib bennachtain ┐ ní thuc anaill (alali, v.l.), RC viii 52.25 . aroile . . . anaill the one . . . the other (ref. to léo), Grail 3399 .

(b) period of two days: a.¤ do mnaib . . . treisi do rig, Laws i 78.15 . nat ṡasai aena tar a.¤ `that one day should not be extended beyond two days', 120.18 . athgabail a.¤ itir uin ┐ treise rosmidir Sencha, 126.11 . cach athgabail a.¤ , 144.24 .i. for ata anad naili ┐ apad aili, 146.21 Comm. is for dail na haili, 146.12 Comm. athgabail a.¤ do ingin im comorbus a mathar, 146.y .i. ar ata anadh naili, 148.3. Comm. a.¤ déc space of twelve days (cf. a.¤ déc one twelfth , (g) infra): a.¤ do mnaib, a.¤ dec doib im roe, Laws i 78.15 .

(c) Frequ. a n-aill something else, anything else: nimbe anaild arbera bith `he has nothing else that he may eat', Mon. Tall. 146.16 (§ 50) . ind lethbairgin ┐ ind cethramtu nó anaild `the half loaf and the quarter or other quantity, 151.z (§ 63) , ní fogbat merdrecha Ulad a n-aill acht foraim én dóib, LU 3254 ( SCC § 5 ). it é do theoir ríagla / nítroib anaill bas diliu `have thou naught else dearer', Ériu i 194 § 7 . in fil anaill? ol Grigoir `is there anything else?' ZCP iii 30.21 .

(d) Hence with ocus, etc. furthermore: ┐ anaill forácbus[s]a . . ., LL 279a7 . ┐ anaill béus, iarfaig-siu and furthermore, ask . . ., TBC-LL¹ 1920 . ┐ dano a n-aill and úair ni chesend nech, LU 2654 . ┐ anaill niro tagaill . . ., Grail 2786 . Cf. similar use of araill: et araill aile dana béus, TBC-LL¹ 106 . ┐ araill and, dano, . . . ní fil rígain . . ., LU 4015 ( SCC § 46 ). araill ele bheós ro leth ainm . . ., AFM v 1858.z . ┐ araill ele nir bó siodhach . . ., vi 2052.10 .

(e) Uninflected aill . . . aill one . . . another, some . . . others (not found in O. Ir. Glosses): imrordus in rígraid / . . . / aill úas laithib lígdaib / aill fo díanaib déraib some . . . others, Fél. Prol. 23 . aill fir mair . . . / aill ingene húage `one of a mighty man . . . another of a virginal maiden', June 5 . áill fri cumaid . . . aill ele fri teichead (of persons), Alex. 309 . .lll. carpdech . . . aill bruitt budi aill bruit deirg `some in yellow mantles others in red mantles', RC xiv 412.8 . Hence adverbially partly . . . partly: aill is tóla catha crūach / aill is cōra cacha crích, ZCP xi 110 § 30 . go ruc in ingen leis aill ar áis aill ar égin, Ériu xi 46.13 . Cf. aill .i. aonfecht .. . ut est aill torla tres tochuired, O'Dav. 34 , Ériu xiii 15.11 .

(f) With nach any other: arna arroímatsom nach na.¤ `lest they should receive any one else', Wb. 14d37 . cen acaldaim nach aili, Sg. 153b7 . cen acomol naich aili do `without joining any other to it', 197b17 . nib écen na aill, Wb. 22d12 . ni gessid na aill act búaid precepte, Wb. 26a34 . ní epur na haill `I say nothing more', Sg. p. 217 marg. sup. (Thes. ii xxii). in fail na aill adcota[r] dam, Trip.² 1323 . cona bía cuit do nach ailiu i nHére, 2766 . do-bérad naill ( = na aill) would give something else, BDD² 276 . With partitive DI something else of: asbéram na aill diar ṅgnímaib, Wb. 17c23 . in fuil anaill d'ingantaib air?, Grail 2983 . Cf. aill do buadaib Duind C. andso something of the triumphs, TBC-LL¹ 1529 .

(g) In numerals (fractions). a.¤ déac one twelfth: oile dég f., IGT Decl. § 3 . oil a dég (oil dhég v.l.) lochdach, IGT Decl. § 14 . aili deac brotto `the twelfth part of a second', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). erpais Patraic aili deac Erend dó the twelfth part of Ireland, Trip.² 911 . `a.¤ dhéc the twelfth part, the Brehon's fee . Anglicé allayéag,' O'Don. Suppl. ni uil aile déc dosomh ┐ atá éiric a gubreite fairsium, O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ). da tecarthar ni da folaid cruid on breithemain, no ailedec, Laws i 234.17 Comm. diablad na aile dec, 234.18 Comm. no co thormaigi fa geall co roib aile dec, v 252.20 Comm. log a breithemnuis, aile dec, 212.22 Comm. Perh. also in: ni bhía an oile dēgsi am díaigh / nach foighe Ó Bríain d'éicsi úaim, IGT Decl. ex. 216 . barr na ngēg uile re n-idnaibh / uile dég gun fidhbaidh ortt (lochtach), ex. 225 . Cf. Kl. enair for dardain ail uathaid fuirre `the second day of the moon thereon', RC xviii 176.27 (Tig.). 284.2 . For ail dec 35.9 Stokes suggests reading ail uathaid.

B. The form ALAILE etc.

I As adj.

(a) other: aliud pronomen . i. is allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , Sg. 209b10 . cenn cridi ┐ alaaili réta `and other things', 111b5 . sech alaili dliged ┐ indliuchtu `apart from other sayings and meanings', Ml. 18c11 . imtech[t] Boinde . . . ┐ alanaile n-aband, AU i 308. 11 , cf. 330.4 , 374.4 . In later lang. neut. form somet. used after noun irrespective of gender: leth in moige . . . al-leth allaill, RC xi 446.52 . don taeb araill, Stair Erc. 782 . isin luing araill, Grail 2969 . isind láim anaill, TBC-LL¹ 1719 . Note also: adhaigh n-aill n-aile another night, BNnÉ 324 § 38 .

(b) Usually some, a certain (gl. quidam, aliquis): hualailiu chlausul gl. uelut in clausula, Ml. 40d17 . holailiu lon gl. quodam adipe, 80a2 . ainm alaili thríuin `name of a certain hero', Sg. 96a4 . alaill ṡain, 6b24 . hualailiu mud gl. quodammodo, 25b12 . con alailiu fogoir (leg. fogur, edd.) gl. aliquo `with some sound', 39a2 . alaili tain gl. quando, 222b1a . ac gūmāidim ala naile nairec ninganta falsely boasting of various wonderful inventions, Corm. Y 825 . cornan alaili cuislendach, `a certain piper Cornan', Mon. Tall. 131.23 (§ 10) . alaili fáith marb, Trip.² 1395 . di araile anmcharait, ACL iii 5.3 . aroile fer angid, PH 818 . doní . . . araile gaitt irisech `she commits a certain pious theft', BColm. 84.10 . i n-araile domnuch, ZCP iii 33.15 . ro indsaig araile carruic . . . ┐ ros buail, Grail 1435 . in araile locc i lLaighis `at a certain place', AFM ii 1066.3 . Cf. co aroile mainistir ecin, RC x 187.4 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other: ni ferr nech alailiu, Wb. 2a16 . ni áir do neuch molad alaili, 16a24 . is coitchen do cechtar de ainm alaili `the name of each is common to both', Ml. 14d12 . intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19d6 . tar cenn alanaile gl. aliorumuice, 95d9 . Sg. 201b15 . cenmathá dobrethir ┐ alaaili `except the adverb and other (parts of speech)', 71b17 . muidit secht catha ren Osseirgé for na Déise . . . asberat araile is tricha cath others say, Ériu iii 138.102 . in foirend is craibdige araile `the folk who are more believing than the rest', PH 6363 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . cach gabal tra issuidiu araile hisesam `every other division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 (§ 31) . gach clas ro claideadh do línadh do arbaim alaill do imbim the furrows to be filled alternately with corn and butter, Laws iv 98.14 Comm. drécht diib i nAidniu, araill diib oc Dubcechair, ZCP viii 305.30 . Hence alaile . . . alaile etc. (the) one . . . the other, another: biit alaili and rofinnatar a pecte rosíu (sic) docói grád forru alaili is iarum . . ., Wb. 29a28 . alaaili diib hi remthechtas . . . alaaili dano it coitchena eter remthechtas, Sg. 215a1 . Later araill . . . de is used of all genders: comérgit Ulaid araill díb . . . araill, LU 5017 . Cf. a dá grúad . . . co ndeirgi fola laíg ┐ araill eile co solusgili sneachta, BDD² 38 . Also when first part of phrase contains ind ala (infra).

(b) With idea of mutual action each other: con rochra cách a.¤ lit. that each may love the other (= that all may love each other), Wb. 6d1 . rosbennach cách dib elathain aroile, Fél. 4.20 . Eogan . . .┐ Oed . . . do marbad aroili, Ann. Conn. 1340.12 . ar bruinnib ┐ ochtaip aroile ┐ a chēile, Fl. Earls, 80.17 . Frequ. with prepp.: combad imned for araill domsa so that it should be trouble upon trouble for me, Wb. 23b21 . Cf. in peccath for arele, 9c19 . is ball cách dialailiu, 5d4 . ar a ndig cechtar dīb sech anaile (araile v.l.) so that they can get past each other (of two chariots), Corm. Y 1082 (96.11) . ni dernai nechtar n-ai olc fri araili, TBFr. 24.3 = fria chéile, 420 . ón tráth co roili, BDD² 1251 . lán ón orsain go ar-oile / an teach . . ., DDána 85.37 . casmhail a rún dá-roile, 92.6 . an ro loitseat Goill ┐ Geraltaig imo roile (roile) isan tansa `the injuries mutually done upon each other', AFM v 1734.15 . dīss derbrāthor dieroile `two . . . brothers', Fl. Earls 124.1 . ?asrean a ceile agh fo laill do `his neighbour shall give him another calf', Laws iv 102.14 Comm.

(c) somebody, something; a certain person or thing . In sg.: araill tra cairigedarsom there is a certain thing (?) (`there are other things now which he blames'), Wb. 25b9 . So also: [con]-secha alaill indib (`he corrects another thing in them'), 26c1 . aroile do lāmhoip S. Niclās `one of the hands', Fl. Earls 80.20 . ba ingnad liasna Fomoire alaill tarfas doib isin cath a certain thing, RC xii 92 § 122 . atpert aroile fris `a certain man', Stair Erc. 1449 . Note also: ara ara bélaib isin charput sin araile forseng fánfota forbrec a charioteer in front of him . . . and he was, LU 9274 . In pl.: is sí cétbaid alanaile `this is the opinion of some', Ml. 36a1 . circunflex la grecu for alailib diib, Sg. 208b8 . With DI: araill d'feraib Midi `some of the men of M.', RC xviii 23.31 . do deachaidh fein cona mac . . . ┐ ar oile dia mhuintir innte, Leb. Gab.(i) 242.26 . d'foraithmet araill dona neithibh remraiti, 272.6 . araill d'áes na cemenn sin, CCath. 86 .

(d) As adv. (d s n.) arailiu `otherwise', Wb. 21a13 (introducing an alternative explanation); cf. alailiu chruth gl. aliter, Ml. 98d1 . alailiu, Wb. 9a23 (see Bergin, Ériu xiv 29 ; xvii 1; Pedersen, Ériu xv 188 ). alaile, Anecd. iii 59.2 . araili .i. gne eile, Laws iv 68.3 . Perh. also in TBC-I¹ 1044 , TBC-LL¹ 1833 ff. (reading ... cadān co leith. Allaile (alailiu LU) dia tonda etc.) .

C. The form (a)la, al(l).

I As adj.

(a) other, one of two, second (in this use a `compositional prefix', GOI § 394 ): all-aidchi on another night, IT ii2 194.21 . alachéill in sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . Morc .i. ala flaith na Fomoire, Leb. Gab.(i) 80.30 . béra cend ríg alathúaithi lat, BDD² 727 . fria lesa alabrugh of other territories, O'Curry 454 ( H 3.18, 242a ). rogrād fir alathīre 'great love of a man of another land', Ériu ii 15 § 2 . ? nach for ala thire tí tarrassais 'that you did not abide upon the surface of another land', PMLA lvi 940 ( LL 37013 ). li ala lécuinn Saul `by one of S.'s cheeks', Ml. 55c1 . ala n-or di i teg, a n-aill fri sīn, Corm. Y 35 (aurso). ala thred dub alaili find, Anecd. i 57 § 58 . tēora blaī būirig . . . blaī mescae . . . alablaī dúnaid la túatha téchtai tecraiter the second exemption, ZCP xi 83.1 . cath Ocha alachath `the second battle', RC xiii 54.10 . ala-chor second contract, Laws ii 274.z . mád ala feacht iar mbrethaib forru `for the second time', 66.16 . See also under compds. and 1 al. See also under allabrig.

(b) With article ind ala one of two, (the) one (. . . the other) (see also B II (a) supra): dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn `one of the two teeth', Thes. ii 248.9 . arambé indala rann cen diall `that one of the two parts be undeclined', Sg. 74b6 . ind ala c. gl. praetermisit unam c (i.e. by writing hoc for hocc), 205b5 . co lluid tré scíath n-ete indala heóin one of the two birds, LU 3282 ( SCC § 7 ). doroigu ind ala fer . . . et romiscsigestar alaile, Wb. 4c16 . is léir dorigni indala lestar is dínnimu dongní alaill, 4c32-33 . ni coir dídnad dondala lucht et troscud dond lucht ailiu, 16c20 . īadais andala (indara, LU) sūil . . . asoilg alaile, TBC-I¹ 394 . benaid . . . Mac Cecht a chend dondala fir . . . ro boí in fer aile oc élúd, LU 7942 . Loch nE. dindala leith di ┐ Slíab C. dind leith ailiu, Trip.² 1957 . Later indara: indara láim dó fri ubull bragat in chon. dobeir araile fria chúl one of his hands, LU 5012 . indara fecht . . . canait ceol . . . in fecht n-aill contúaset fri ceól muintire nime, 1978 ( FA 5 ). is hé indara fer . . . ró an . . . Donnmal int aili, Trip.² 1521 .

(c) ind ala the second (cf. tánaiste): cengsat siar dind ara chur `for the second time', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . isin dara cét lá deidenach don ré `on the second last day of the term', Laws iv 136.1 Comm. Hence in compd. numerals: ala rann deac `one twelfth', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). issed indala nainmm déc the twelfth name, Thr. Ir. Gl. 25.9 = indara hainm, Corm. Y 750 . indala descipul lxx at the seventy-second disciple, Laws i 20.2 Comm. fir errainne co alasét sesed with sixty-two `séts' ZCP xii 361.21 . ?torad cach trethain ala cairrge, Laws v 484.2 (Comm. takes as all beyond). Cf. co treathan ala cairge no ala caire, O'Curry 20 ( H 3.18, 9a ).

(d) cach (a)la every other, every second: cach la céin . . . in céin naili sometimes . . . sometimes, Ml. 19b1, 3 . cachlacein `alternately', Mon. Tall. 146.29 (§ 52) . is i fescur cachlacēin / dlegar dīdnad dōib they are entitled to a meal on alternate days at vesper-time (of fasting regulations), ZCP xiii 29.14 . cach la sel dún for imrádud dé in sel aile for precept `at one time meditating on God, at another time preaching', Wb. 15d9 . ammarbad cach la sel iarum do a mbeogud indtale dia marbad `he continues alternately to mortify and revive them from their dying state', Mon. Tall. 147.16 (§ 52) . bó cona timthuch cech la blíadnai . . . colp[d]ach ḟirenn lee in mblíadnai n-aili every second year, Críth G. 266 . cach alablīa[dain] every second year, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.16 ). cach ara bliadain, Laws iv 140.29 Comm. druinech cechla bean / crecōir cechla fer, ZCP ix 170.17 . ate cuir treineacha la Feine cach la fear dia urgaire, alaili dia forngaire, Laws iv 54.13 . gach re n-am alternately, Dán Dé v 41 .

II n As subst. indala n-aí (invariable) one of the two: is dochu ind ala nái oldaas a n-aill, Wb. 4b24 . togu ind ala n-ái . . . damnad alaili `to choose one of the twain . . . to condem the other', 4c13 . ci atbela ind ala n-ái ni epil alaill, Sg. 30a3 . ind ala n-aí antúaid alaile andess, 67b22 . co n-accai in da mnaí . . . indala n-ai brat úaine impe alaili brat corcra, LU 3285 ( SCC § 8 ). elcuig indalanae, ruibidh alailiu, ZCP viii 105.11 . da fítt . . . inddala hí do tabirt do Día . . . araile do tomailt fadein, Mon. Tall. 161.10 (§ 80) . Later also ala (n-)aí: ar lēicse ala aí di arailiu, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ni frith ala ai do thacru, 354 § 42 . dá [n]dorus [n]-and—comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu, Críth G. 101 . bōthar, talla dā boin fair .i. alanāi for fot alaile for tarsnae, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.17 ).

COMPDS. cosnamach fri hailecricha, Ériu viii 173.28 . i n-ailithír, Trip.² 2033 . asna hailithírib foreign countries, TTr.² 1747 (cf. ailithir). aile máthair, Sg. 152a2 (not treated as compd. by GOI § 394 . Perh. infl. by the Lat. altera mater). See also C I (a) above.

airlégend

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airlégend or dil.ie/2198
Last Revised: 2013

 

o vn. of ar-léga. act of reading aloud, reading: an cetharlebar sosceli do aurlegund `the four books of the Gospel are to be read aloud', Mon. Tall. 138.1 (§ 29) . airlegend dó uird na baiste cen aithgne a litri có sin, Trip.² 96 . robu bind lee a guth ocund erlégund, 2742 . ? deog liubair amail ata lebar fata Leth-glindi, a urlegenn ar uisci its recital on water (as a test), Laws v 472.24 Comm. co cualatar . . . a airlegend, Three Hom. 102.24 . ut est in hac figura ceallach coimdes a airlegind sis ┐ suas, BB 311b27 . in tan bói sim occa n-airlegend (of letters), IT i 19.37 . dolluid A. i n-airlégund a eipstle, Alex. 785 . ogham nach coimhghléighearr colg, | agus an t-oirléigheann ard, Sages, Saints and Storytellers 165 § 4 . Of conferring orders: do erleghadh na ngradh fair, BNnÉ 17.22 .

aithgne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithgne or dil.ie/2675

 

x see 2 aithne.

2 aithne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aithne or dil.ie/2754
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: aithgne, aichinte, aithennta

O. Ir. aithgne . io, n. Later f., and g s. also aichinte, PH 2910 . aithennta, ZCP vi 276.32 (infl. by 3 aithnid). Vn. of ad-gnin, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 546 . IGT Verbs § 54 .

(a) act of knowing, recognising, perceiving; knowledge, recognition, perception: do aithgniu ┐ etarcnu dǽ treu, Ml. 42b13 . ar is hé as eola fri aidgne ind athar (gl. missit Deus Spiritum Filii sui in corda uestra), Wb. 19d9 . do thudidin do menman do aidgniu gl. quoniam benignitas Dei ad penitentiam te adducit, 1c15 . aithgne et adrad, 1b13 . cin sula, di aithniu no foircsiu (leg. -in?) mignima, Laws i 238.14 . as ionad anma d'a.¤ , Anecd. ii 22 § 4 . ┐ iat ic aichne a n-inaid catha do congbail for they knew that their place of battle was being kept, CCath. 6143 . cen aithgne a litri có sin without knowing his letters, Trip.² 97 . a.¤ reanna ┐ úaithne ┐ úama, IGT Introd. 2.19 . robo dibreite aichne . . . in Baibiloin da togail it was inconceivable that B. should be destroyed, BB 6b53 . lucht aichinte Isu those who knew Jesus, PH 2910 . gin gur ghabhuis a.¤ uaim-si as reil dait though you weren't told by me, RC xliii 42 § 39 . do thaobh eólais is aithni, O'R. Poems 1202 . triur as lia iul is a.¤ (of the Trinity). DDána 25.6 . a.¤ thoile Dé, Parrth. Anma 3306 . aos aitheanta ar gceirdi-ni, Content. xxii 17 note . dom a.¤ to my knowledge, Aithd. D. 16.38 . Content. xviii 67 .

Less commonly with follg. AR: beas is mísí is olc aichní ar Isac perhaps it is I who do not know I. properly, BB 236b21 , do reir ar n-aithni-ne ar Conn as far as we know C., ML² 1426 . Cf. a.¤ ar chur ┐ ar chosg réime knowing about, IGT Introd. 2.6 . dlighidh a.¤ iomurbhádha . . . ┐ ar bhráithribh . . . dísbeaguidh, 2.30 .

Used like 3 aithnid: nī ha.¤ dhamh dhīobh díogha I know no refuse among them, O'R. Poems 3161 . a.¤ dhamh go bhfaghair . . . I know that you find . . ., Luc. Fid. 301.7 .

Transfd. of persons: an tú m'a.¤ `are you my acquaintance?' Ir. Review 1912, 378 § 1 . ní mé bhur n-a.¤ `he whom you know', Studies 1922, 245 § 1 = Dánta Gr. 47.1 . bhur na.¤ ┐ bhur neamha.¤ those of you who are known etc., CRR² 13 . cabair . . . a carat na a lan-a.¤ , `intimate acquaintances', MR 238.16 . Cf. mo dhaoine aitheanta acquaintances , TSh. 4252 (3 aithnid?).

Transfd. meaning that by which something may be recognized; characteristic: caide ém aichne rinnairde? Fél. 4.26 . is si a.¤ na tunataide, Laws iii 98.2 Comm. cair caide airceand? .i. comaircim caiti a.¤ na aircinde itir, iv 138.y Comm.

(b) In more active sense of coming to recognise or getting to know: cloc focain cethra .i. . . . fo braigit dia n-a.¤ , Laws i 142.15 Comm. secht ndoirsi fora thichthe / ind laich nar hannsa d'aichne, Rawl. 87a11 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . ní ermadair . . . aichne adnacail a maicc she was unable to recognise, Trip.² 1441 . báttar iaramh ag a.¤ ┐ ag adhnacal a ccaomh ┐ a ccarat, AFM v 1646.27 . doním tar muir d'a.¤ uaim / a ghruaidh, Rel. Celt. ii 242.23 . ar eagla h'aithennta for fear of being recognized, ZCP vi 276.32 . ar n-a.¤ Donnchaidh dhóibh, IGT Decl. ex. 670 . With vb. and AR, FOR: saig aithgne forru try to recognise them, IT i 144.24 . atnaigh in ingen aichne fair conar bé Ailill the girl recognized that he was not A., IT i 126.9 ( TE § 12 Eg.). sáilim a.¤ ar an guth nglan / gan cruth a aighte d'ḟégadh I think I recognize (him) by his clear voice, Prolegomena 44 § 16 . míorbhuile máthar Íosa / iomdha fear fhuair a n-a.¤ got to know them, DDána 10.39 .

In phr. beirid (somet. do-beir) aithniu (d s.) with follg. accus. or clause recognizes, realizes, gets to know: ni beram achni (= achniu) aní sin we know nothing of that, LU 10100 ( Imr. Brain 64 ). aralégda (leg. araléga edd.) inda libra ar a mbelaib combo moude ronduca athgnu `let him read the books before them, so that he may gain the more knowledge of them(?)', Mon. Tall. 160.z (§ 79) . tresaní nad rucis aithgnu since thou didst not recognize him, Ériu ii 222.15 . na ber aichne, ar bid fír recognize it, for it will be true, Alex. 835 (with inf. pron. 3 s. n., no bera, v.l.). tuc an ingin a.¤ gurbh'e righ Erenn do bí ann, Ériu iii 152 § 6 . tucsad Gaill aichne cur' fír sin `perceived', RC xviii 299.4 (Tig.) du-s-rad a.¤ gur `he knew that', Fl. Earls 52.18 . Note also: aenoclach . . . m'a.¤ doberudh go becht, Prolegomena 44 § 15 .

Do-beir a.¤ for recognizes (of persons and things only): dobéra imorro cach duine thall aich[ne] for araile iar n-esergi, LU 2661 . sí sin aichni do-biur-sa forru that is what I recognize them for, TBC-LL¹ 1247 . as é sin do ber a.¤ ar galar in duine, 5508 . ní tucsatt . . . na manaig aichne for Colmán, BColm. 80.25 . ní thuc . . . a ech a.¤ ar a hechlais, IGT Decl. ex. 555 . léicid aithne co reveals one's identity to: ro léacceas m'aithne chuicce, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) iii 71.17. do leig a aithne chuca, Smaointe B. Chr. 5219 (seipsum eis revelat).

(c) recognition (in sense of recognition of a poet by his patron), generosity: an dáonnacht 's an deagha.¤ , O'R. Poems 71 . fear a.¤ na healadhna / urradh is fhearr le a cheathra, 1075 . nár dhamh . . . / gan mh'a.¤ dod ghruaidh ghairthe (of a poet), Aithd. D. 46.1 . benacht chugaibh . . . ar son na ha.¤ do-rin[n] sibh ar an dan so, Mackinnon Cat. 117.14 . tug séala athanta ar shleachtaibh . . . `recognition's seal', Ó Bruad. i 204 xvii .

(d) With subj. gen.: ba maith . . . enech ┐ aichne na mná generosity(?), LB 129a29 . Cf. as é . . . bud ferr i[n] aichni 'na einech (.i. bud fer ri aichni .i. ingne inntlechta) `whose wit was clearest in his countenance', RC xxiv 46 § 3 . fear h' a.¤ si a man with your knowledge, Oss. v 26.7 .

baramail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. baramail or dil.ie/5382

 

n i, f. (Lat. parabola with infl. of 1 samail, see Breatnach, Éigse vi 341 ff.) IGT Decl. § 10.

(a) comparison, the like, match: baramhail don aon cath comparable with, Cog. 114.16 . ni fuair riem b.¤ an comlainn sin, CCath. 2968. as co cath in lai sin no cuirthe ar bh.¤ it used to be compared, 5587 . samhuil na baramhuil . . . do dhoishininn na h-oídhche sin, Celt. Rev. x 134.14 . baramhail dóibh their like, ITS i 80.22 . fear do bharamhla your like, O'R. Poems 418. maraidh bríogh na baramhla `the force of the comparison', Aithd. D. 94.31 . builli a baramail sin such a blow, Stair Erc. 1346. baile i mbaramhail doiséin a place comparable with it, L. Cl. A. B. 183.82 . uth bó bruithi do bior a b.¤ do cath-bhuidnib . . . Connacht he likens to, MR 124.9 . nir ḟed . . . baramhail do thabairt do churp an prinnsa sin could find no comparison for, Aisl. Tond. 134 § 2 (barsamail, v.l., 108 § 2).

(b) opinion, conjecture, surmise : b.¤ gl. opinio, Ir. Gl. 877. baramhail-saoilneas `an opinion, phantasie', Eg. Gl. 86. doreir baramhla na ndaeine nglic, Maund. 157. égsamhlacht bharamhla (= diuersity of opinions), RSClára 81a . baramhail ar bhráth (in list of impossible things), ML 98.12 . b.¤ aithgne partial recognition : ótchonnairc F. in cúicer sin uada tuc b.¤ aithgne dóib (i.e. they seemed familiar to him), SG 275.5 . baramhail aithne agam / atá . . . / ar do ghlár, DDána 101.45 . Cf. tugus b.¤ dod marcaighecht your horsemanship seemed familiar to me, ZCP vi 95.y . at annsa dia n-eccmaltibh baramhail forra `to recognise (identify) them', TBC St. 4662 and n. Note also: tucus do b.¤ doibh co raibhe edach cristaidhi fa droing dibh I recognized that. . . ., Maund. 257. thugadar cách do bharamhail gur b'iad féin do bhí ann, ITS i 166.8 . tug O. baramhail an[n] sin co raibh . . . surmised, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1228. ní thugaim bharamhuil gurab ó droichinntinn do níthear ní ar bioth I do not suppose, Desid. 2476.

Of (erroneous) religious opinions: dona tri baramhlaibh seachranacha (= tribus sectis), ITS xxix 174.2 . os baramhlacha iad . . . ┐ nach creideamh fire, Luc. Fid. 5137. 5158 .

(c) likelihood; expectation, hope : tásg baramhla `news to give us hope', Aithd. D. 65.1 . a hóigh gur bhean baramhail `a sign of hope', 65.39 . ar mhéd mbaromhla (quality of a prince), O'Hara 3012. ? ar bharomail fer nÉirenn, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 32 § 21. leis tír Bréifne ó bharamhail (of a prince whose father was still alive), O'R. Poems 9.

dochum

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dochum or dil.ie/17406
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: chum, chun, chuin

prep. governing gen. and nasalizing to, towards . In origin proclitic form of tochim. See GOI § 858 . Condemned in IGT Introd. § 131 : dochuirfeadh `d.¤' focal a ccruth táoibhréime damadh cóir é `d.¤' would be followed by the genitive if it were correct (to use it). See also TSh. p. xiv . When used in verse counts as stressed word, : cochall, IGT Introd. § 131 (`lochdach'). : tofunn, ZCP vi 260 § 12 . : dochunn. SG 84.21 .

Earliest usage: a d.¤ to him, Ml. 46d2 . for ndochumsi to you, 53d9 . d.¤ ṅDée, Wb. 10a22 . Later with added prep., most commonly when governing a personal pronoun. With I: ina d.¤ , FB § 37 . innar n-d.¤ , IT i 310.12 . i nd.¤ nÁdaim, SR 2106 . With DO: dom d.¤ , ZCP vi 260 . dia d.¤ , IT i 126.8 . With pleonastic poss. a d.¤ nÉua, SR 1156 . a dóchum na Sabrainde, MacCongl. 25.13 .

In later lang. chum, chun, chuin, SG 28.39 . cuini, AI 388 (s.a. 1295.2) , Celtica x 136 n. 68 .

Mid. Ir. usually without nasalization. Cf. d.¤ dǽ, Ml. 111c3 . Note also: dochumm Shilvestair, PH 284 . d.¤ chumsanta, 1158 . dochumm thalman, 1198 .

I Expressing motion.

(a) to, towards (a destination, whether place or person): ni fil taidchur do d.¤ in choirp sin, Wb. 3a14 . is illánamnas dorograd d.¤ ṅDée, 10a22 . a thabarte d.¤ n-irisse, 11b22 . dochoid . . . d.¤ Pōil for longis, 31d19 . dobertis da boc leu d.¤ tempuil, Tur. 110c . tuidech[t] doib d.¤ a tire, Ml. 104c5 . dotet (viz. the endurance of suffering) d.¤ ind folaid tanaidi inna anmae, 22d9 . saichdetu d.¤ luic, Sg. 214b1 . ní dechuid dochom forcinn it has not gone to the end, 148b3 . is malle connucabsat d.¤ nIsu together they rose to, Hy. ii 66 . d.¤ feda conselai it went to the wood, v 62 . co tarla Brigit d.¤ na cille, Thes. ii 337.39 . arnā tēised nech d.¤ nEamna, TBC-I¹ 595 . dothiagad a nd.¤ , 632 . ass ná téig d.¤ n-Adaim, SR 1152 . rolingiuth . . . dochumm a beoil, IT i 139.17 . rucad d.¤ rīchid, FA 3 . slechtais d.¤ láir he bowed himself to the ground, Mon. Tall. § 7 . do thecht . . . dochumm n-iffirn, PH 3664 . ro-fresgabsat . . . d.¤ nime, 1933 . ro-shín popul na n-Iudaide al-lama dochumm nime, 6658 . roaitherraigh asin leabaidh sin d.¤ ionaidh ele, BS 22.z . dorad andara hurchar . . . d.¤ an chlérigh, 10.23 . rob áil damh dol d.¤ tigerna eile, 104.27 . dia cásc doshaighedh docum Sleibte, ZCP viii 106.y . abrad fris . . . co nā tardad gráin na hirfhuath leis ina d.¤ not to come to him in a form inspiring awe or horror, ACL iii 5.9 . táinic díghaltas ó Dhia d.¤ an ríg, SG 6.38 . nochtait a cridedha d.¤ Dia, 38.21 . co tarrla druim tar ais d.¤ in tsrotha he went head over heels into the stream, RC vi 177.109 . drong do ridirib do techt cum Maic Murcudha, xviii 277.6 . rogairm Hisu . . . docum (do- above line) Philait, YBL 141b33 . atchonnairc go ndechaigh in rí chum cotulta, LB 278az . dochuir Sé fúa[s]gladh chum a dhaoine (= redemptionem misit populo suo), Psalms cxi 9 . dorad cuiredh dōip chom a medhōin láoi an invitation to dinner, Fl. Earls 42.16 . With follg. rel.: tanic . . . dochumm ar-roibe d'iresechaib, PH 223 . risna dóeinib docum a ticit na teadma sin to whom these plagues come, RC xxiv 379.5 . an Chruinne (= Corunna) . . . chom ar thriallsat ó thūs, Fl. Earls 12.15 . an chríoch dheigheanach d.¤ a bfhoilmíd uile ag tairreang, Ó Héodhusa 47 . With vb. of motion understood: fo chosmailius cethrae d.¤ báis after the fashion of a beast (going) to its death, Ml. 69b3 . codla cimedha amail nobiadh d.¤ báis approaching his death, SG 47.2 . findnél na cailce d.¤ inna nél rising towards the clouds, RC xiii 456.20 . conacci a d.¤ in fer isin charput, Imr. Brain § 32 . con-accai . . . in n-aenmnái . . . ina d.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 203 . mairg nosleanand co bas nach fedand iarsin docum nimhe, YBL 168a32 .

(b) In more abstract senses: fedir . . . a ndíriduigthe d.¤ nacha rainne aile the derivative tends to become another part of speech, Sg. 188a12 . co nach roich cin indile (sic leg.) chaich d.¤ a cheile that one may not be liable for damage done by the cattle of the other, Laws iv 68.z Comm. mic na mban taighe, cé no-gabtha a oen no dedhe dībh do cum na fine though one or two of them may have been received into the tribe, 294.5 Comm. is é in fégad sin rotcuir Petar d.¤ aithrigi, PH 3194 . dothogsat é d.¤ espocóiti, SG 52.39 . doléicetar a n-aithgne d.¤ a chéile they disclosed themselves to each other, SG 274 . táinig d.¤ críche came to pass, Ó Héodhusa 55.7 . a mhed do dáinib docuirebuir-se docum bais put to death, BCC § 179 . gor cuiredh B. . . . chom bāiss, Fl. Earls 60.3 .

Of poems, letters, greetings, etc.: Slán an Chaomhánaigh d.¤ an athar U. (title of poem), O'Gr. Cat. 665 . betha ┐ sláinti andso ó O nDomhnaill d.¤ a thigerna, 57 .

II Expressing purpose in order to, with a view to (often with follg. vn.): nad mbíad buiden día chinél dochum ndála . . . la hUltu, Trip.² 2656 . do ghabatar a nduana . . . dona laechradaib d.¤ a gcoiscthe, SG 341.2 . seindit . . . cruiti . . . cum aimsighti forro to tempt them, ZCP i 256 § 20 . comar .i. d.¤ treabtha, Triads p. 39 gl. 125 . becán do chraibech ferna do cur docum teinedh cuige to make a fire, BCC § 182 . ca méd maireas don fheinn d.¤ an morchatha, CF 583 . dobhattar ag ulmuccadh d.¤ an láoi sin, BNnÉ 57 § 64 . adermaid d.¤ an derbaid sin for the purpose of that proof, O'Gr. Cat. 247 . cona n-uile ionnstrumint dlesdanach d.¤ uird ┐ aifrenn, Rel. Celt. ii 160 . d.¤ chelcce roinnill an Seinesccal . . . an choinne, AFM v 1710 . fá dtagraim ní triall chum táir it is not with intent to revile, Content. xi 15 . (of the teeth) doníd sochur d.¤ na hurlabhra, 3 C 19, 112 vb 7 . sē laithe sonnradhacha chom deirce gacha bliadhna, Fl. Earls 100.3 . [ata] canosāsion chom a dhēnta go hobonn . . . air his canonization is to take place speedily, 98.2 . Note also: do siredar dias allmurach d.¤ gach fir acu for each of them, CF 165 .

Often in phr. completing sense of a noun or adj.: comullam d.¤ elōid, Celt. Rev. iv 206.5 . bim ullumh com uilc ┐ righin cum gach maithiusa, Lib. Flav. 21 vb 16 . leasc cum na ndeadh-oibrigthi, 9 . dobhádar umhal chum a dhíola willing to pay it, Maguires of F. § 53 . nír díngbála sinn d.¤ a chaithme worthy to eat it, SG 43.z . an tadbur docamhlach docum a iondarbtha the matter difficult to expel, 3 C 22, 190b14 . gan chead sbeisialta do bheith aige d.¤ a léaghtha without special permission to read it, Ó Héodhusa 135.12 . créad dobh' ádhbhar dhó chum na heasumhlachta what reason he had for revolting, Maguires of F. § 50 .

Folld. by vn. clause: gion gurab diongmála meisi d.¤ tusa do sásadh, BNnÉ 57 § 64 . dotochuil an carnn . . . d.¤ ainm tigearna do gairm de féin, MS. Mat. 542.21 . cuidiucchadh na ccroinicighe d.¤ leabhair Annaladh do scríobhadh, 543.z . bíd [na hingne] . . . d.¤ dhighi d'ól eistib, Maund. 238 . lá cinnte acu d.¤ báis d'imirt ort, SG 338.16 . ní . . . do chruthaghadh d.¤ a rádh go mbiadh . . ., Ó Héodhusa 50.13 . Folld. by clause with finite vb.: docum co ndernadh se fén manuch dhe so that he himself might make him a monk, BCC § 161 . cuirid d.¤ sets about: sul do chuir sé (i.e. Alexander) d.¤ an domuin do ghabail before he set himself to conquer, ZCP ii 16.19 . rogabsat . . . ag cur d.¤ an bhaile do ghabhail, AFM v 1846 .

After nouns and vbs. having the meaning inciting, inducing, compelling: an t-áos ealadhna do bhrosdadh d.¤ a ionnsamhla so do dhéunamh, RC iv 352 . do ghluais sinn d.¤ patrúin do dhéunamh dháoibh induced us to . . ., ib. do gríosadh mise d.¤ na staire seo do scríobhadh, Keat. i 76 . an greasacht thucais ar mo mac d.¤ ann allmuraigh, CF 634 . a gcur d.¤ cora do ghenamh re M. to compel them to make peace with M., O'Gr. Cat. 150.11 . si cogatur accipere evomit .i. da gcoimeignighthear é d.¤ a ghabhala sgeithidh, 23 K 42, 309.10 . appetitus nauseandi .i. saint d.¤ urlaichthe, 19 .

étan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. étan or dil.ie/20655
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: édan, étan

n o, m. édan, m. IGT, Decl. § 17 . Front, brow, forehead: étan (gl. frons) Sg. 113b7 . don etan (gl. fronti) Gild. Lor. 103 . brōn .i. a fronte ar is for ētan bīt[h] aithgne mbrōin nó fāilte, O'Mulc. 167 . topach[t] a ḟolt o chúl có étan de, TBC-LL¹ 1891 . romair in lon láith assa étun, LL 121b29 = RC iii 181.35 . atraracht an lon láich asa éton, TTr.² 1474 . co n-ecmaing a hirlond inn-éton in rechtaire combói triana chend siar, Ériu iii 136.12 . i n-étan ind rechtaire, LU 53b29 . is leis doradadh cuing for muinélaibh damh ar tús, ar is fria n-édnu na ndamh do bhíth a feidm gó sin, Cóir Anm. 103 . fri etnu dam, LU 131b1 . co ti allus bar n-etan, MacCarthy 58 z (cf. SR 1452 ). i llaind a étain, TBC-LL¹ 1266 . hi certmedón a édain, PH 7271 . a gclár a éudain, Rev. xiv 9 . tuicsin isin incind edain = intellectus in fronte Ériu ix 63.3 . Transf. and fig.: a n-aigthe...fo thúaid ┐ gǽth garb ina fír-etan, FA 26 LU (= ina n-enech LB). i calne lúin éton (: cétol) in front of the calends of June Fél. June 1 . i nOchtimbir étun (: cétul), Oct. 1 . Of hills , etc. : tainic reime i n-étnaib cnocc ┐ carracc, Acall. 3438 . cuirfid Tuath D.D. ind-étnaib cnocc ┐ carracc, 7535 . co táet fuil flann | fonn fo étnu across the face of the plains ACL iii 297.14 . In expressions denoting to face, front: is la hUib C. cētaig | cruadc[h]ongbail a n-ētain friu `it behoves ...to confront them fiercely' Ériu vi 121.19 . Ētar étan ri dílind, Metr. Dinds. iii 104.1 ; 110.13 . do sheas mé a n-adhuigh a éduin, Galatians ii 11 . The end of a table, room, etc., as opposed to the side: éadan an tighe ag na hollamhnaibh ┐ an t-éadan oile ag lucht freastail `the upper end...the other end' (oppd. to slios `the long side') Keat. ii 3903 . soir ┐ siar do bhádar dá éadan an tighe `the ends of the house looked east and west' iii 568 . a gcert-édan in buird `at the head of the table' Fl. Earls 46.27 . Of the bottom of a vessel: ni frith dabhuch a raibe édon, BCC § 158 = ni frith domain isin dabaig .i. más, Fél. 244.23 . Front of a book SGS iv 92 : ar bhfaicsin bhar n-anma-so ina heudan, Luc. Fid. 4 .

fo-sisedar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-sisedar or dil.ie/24092

 

Forms: fosisiur, fosisedar, fob-sisimar-ni, fosisetar, fosissetar, fosisider, -fosad, fosisefar, furoissestar, fuissither, forruised, fotisir, fotṡisiur, forruisistar, rosfaisit

v pres. 1 s. fosisiur, Laws i 10.23 . 3 s. fosisedar Acr. 13b1 . 1 pl. fob-sisimar-ni, IT ii2 228.42 . 3 pl. fosisetar Sg. 140a2 . fosissetar, Ml. 132a1 . subj. pres. 2 s. fosisider su, Ml. 66c1 . [ -fosad, Corm. Y 799 (= fossad LB) is possibly past subj. of this. See fossaid under wh. the form is provisionally placed]. fut. 1 s. fosisefar, Ml. 58c17 . perf. 3 s. furoissestar, 46d15 (cf. Bürgschaft § 63 cited below). For vn. see faísitiu and fáes(s)am. Cf. fuste, fusti.

(a) in lit. sense stands under, possibly in follg. ex.: issi innfine ... a tir i fuissither the land on which (the water) stands (i.e. is gathered into a pond) Laws iv 206.8 , cf. fáes(s)am (a) and the pass. perf. ba doib forruised in praind, LU 1716 ( ICM xi ). But perh. this is a miswriting of foruired.

(b) confesses, acknowledges, admits: gl. fateri Sg. 140a2 , confiteri Ml. 46d15 . fosissetar a pect[h]u, 132a1 . fosisefar mo pecthu, 58c17 . forusestar Loegaire ógréir Patraic undertook (to fulfil) LU 9738 . ... a ḟirḟolaid fo-rrúisesthar `die er ... anerkannt hat' Bürgschaft 21 § 63 . ? fosisiur fofetar fis deoda, Laws i 10.23 . gell taisic iar frepaid fosisedar derosc, BCrólige 60 . (i cele fuiseten) .i. fo-sisithar celsini ar seotu. no fo-sesedar flaith hi cele ... do `acknowledges himself a client in return for goods, or whom a lord acknowledges as his client' Ir. Recht p. 26 (§ 26 Comm. 7) . See also under (d) below.

(c) professes, avows: transl. profiteri Ml. 66c1 . tris in iris fosissetar i mbathis, Tur. 43 . is ecen do neuch fosisedar dán inna grammatic ... who professes Acr. 13b1 .

(d) in legal sense `stands under or for,' acknowledges, goes bail for, becomes responsible for: cf. fotisir, RC iii 346x , which Father Shaw, Aisl. Óeng. 63 , would emend to : fotṡisiur `I undertake your protection.' ni cobrannaide dan finnteda acht ni i fuisedar cuir bēl save what verbal contracts support (lit. in which ... stand as basis ?) Laws iv 284.17 . ise mac faesma ... fosisiter ilar fine (.i. faoisitnighit imat na fine amuigh) whom the majority of the `fine' acknowledge O'Curry 2246 ( Eg. 88 f. 18a ). digal fir foseisiter fine .i. ... in mac faosmadh, H 3.18, 219a ( O'Curry 390 ). Cf. in ndlighe foessamh etir no ... in ndlighe fosister itir, H 3.18, 258b21 ( O'Curry 510 ). foesam .i. fo-sisithar tar crich, Ir. Recht 6 . Supports (?): im boin fosisethar carra .i. iman mboin faisitnigeas imad don tuaith ┐ in brathair ro leig a chuid ara cheile di, H 3.17, c. 405 ( O'D. 499 = fosuidethar carrudh, Laws i 124.8 , with diff. comm.).

In : cuir neich fosisedar, H 4.22, 28 ( O'Curry 1998 ), there is not enough context to determine the sense. Similarly fosisiter orba .i. tir dibaid ┐ sealb .i. ferann athar ┐ senathar, O'Curry 2247 ( Eg. 88, p. 18 ). guithir dāl o C. da A. ... ┐ basisestar A. ar feraib hErend ... ┐ basisestar C. ar Ultaib guaranteed it on behalf of TBC-I¹ 3416 . fosesegar in bandscal tar cend na geni `makes confession on behalf of' (of prenatal baptism) Rule of Tallaght p. 76 § 49 ( LB 11a47 ). Cf. fo-b-sisimar-ni `wir stehen euch bei' IT ii2 228.42 ; 229.53 .

With acc. of pers. : táet in drúth ... ┐ fasisidar di chéin Coin Culaind ar nachan-aithgné , LU 5869 ( TBC-I¹ 1400 , `let him stand at a distance from C.' [?] Faraday. Perhaps this belongs to next sect.).

(e) declares, asserts, makes known (?) : foruisedar in rechtairi na briathra-sa do Mac Con, ZCP viii 311.32 = forruisistar, x 423.7 . Cf. me rosfaisit is rosforgaill, LL 45b4 = MS. Mat. 488 , RC xxvi 264 ; possibly a late pret. form.

ibraide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ibraide or dil.ie/27144

 

adj io, iā, (ibar) made of yew, of the nature of yew-wood : maith a iubhar iubraidhe, BS 70.19 . saigid a fidbaic i.¤ an arrow from a bow of yew, TTebe 2582 . sliasta accaelae i.¤ `hard as yew,' CCath. 4032. a bhel mna uidhre ibraidhe, IT iii 96.12 . ? romarb Cathnia congbaide | a aithgne ba hi.¤ `made of yew,' Metr. Dinds. iv 320.14 .

1 sech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 sech or dil.ie/36742
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: sechum, seacham, seocham, sechut, seachad, seochad, [se]chae, secha, sechai, seochu, seacha, secci, seicce, seice, sechoinne, sechond, seochainni, sechund, sechoind, seachoinn, sechaib, seccu, seocu, seoca, secco, secha, sechat

prep. folld. by acc.: secach (= sech cach) ṅguidi, Wb. 25a28 . sech alaili dliged `apart from other sayings', Ml. 18c11 . sech ilar mban, IT i 80.13 ( LMU § 18 ). seach mór-fhairrge gcoimhleathain . . . A., Fl. Earls 120.8 . In later lang. also by dat.: sech lecnaib, Bruchst. § 84 (= IT iii 90 § 119 ). sech rennaib, MU² 410 . seach orāistidhip, Fl. Earls 250.1 . Lenites a follg. initial: sech thenlach, Bürgschaft 28 § 76c . sech thegdais, Lat. Lives 65.4 . seach Theamair, BDD² 174 . sech bhilibh, ML² 1720 . seoch dhula, Keat. ii 2606 . With rel.: inna lloc secha retham, Ml. 120b2 . na daire . . . secha táncamar indé, MU² 371 . seach ar leagadh . . . i gcré, Keat. Poems 611 .

With suff. pron. s. 1 sechum, TBC-LL¹ 1172 . seacham, TFrag. 6.11 . seocham, BNnÉ 86 § 176 . DDána 101.41 . TSh. 551 . s. 2 sechut, LU 8193 . seachad, DDána 101.4 . seochad, 65.5 . 3 s. m. and n. [se]chae, Wb. 24a17 . secha, LU 9065 . TBC-LL¹ 975 . sechai, BDD² 1498 . LU 8225 ( FB 17 ). seochu, Laws iii 70.14 Comm . seacha, DDána 113.18 . f. secci, Lat. Lives 82.6 . PH 7211 . seicce, Ériu iii 164 § 19 . seice, DDána 39.33 . 1 pl. sechoinne, Thes. ii 325.2 ( Hy. iv pref . ). sechond, IT i 72.15 ( LMU 9 ). TBC-LL¹ 1143 . seochainni, LU 3991 ( SCC 45 ). sechund, TBC-LL¹ 646 . sechoind, CRR 21 . seachoinn, DDána 121.8 . TD 17.16 . 2 pl. sechaib, LL 304b1 ( SG 380.15 ). 3 pl. seccu, Wb. 23b13 . Laws iv 176.22 . TBC-LL¹ 1327 . PH 2937 . seocu, Laws iv 214.28 Comm . LU 3280 (H) ( SCC 7 ). seoca, Anecd. ii 78 § 6 . Stair Erc. 61 . secco, TBC-LL¹ 2433 .

The general sense is past, beyond (lit. and fig.).

(a) after words expressing or implying motion: ní aírmi a mbís iarna chúul dind séit [act a] mbis ara chiunn condid tar[la se]chae until he comes past it, Wb. 24a17 . a fide nó s.¤ hiriss (gl. circa fidem exciderunt), 29c12 . s.¤ gl. (quod hunc lunae progressum) ultra (solem), Thes. ii 22.39 ( BCr. 33d2 ). ronsnādat a nnōebitge | hi flaith nime s.¤ pīana `may her holy prayers protect us into Heaven's Kingdom past pains', Thes. 348.7 ( Hy. v 92 ). cipe inruiret oc dul seccu iar na chonair, Laws iv 176.22 . amal bid do thecht secha, IT i 72.14 ( LMU 9 ). slige dano, doscuet carpait s.¤ alaile, Corm. Y 1082 . s.¤ Dun Delca dar Mag Slicech, LU 8510 ( FB 36 ). addaci Briccriu sechai, LU 8225 ( FB 17 ). nis arlaic s.¤ ard a glúne súas ┐ nis arlaic s.¤ a adbrond sis, TBC-LL¹ 901 - 2 . taidlech a cniss ┐ a colla s.¤ a timthach sechtair, 211 . ra chomérig grían s.¤ comchruinni in talman, MU² 454 . bēim . . . s.¤ cimais an c[h]roim-sgēith, ML² 1250 . intan raide int shillaib toisich, todachaiche chugut int shillab dedenach ┐ seachmadhato seachat int shillab thoisenach, Auraic. 92 . co ṅdechsad in sapoit seccu, PH 2937 . ro-s-cuirset assin sinagoig ┐ s.¤ in cathraig himmach he, 110 . ascnait seach mōrfhairrge gcoimhleathain gcomfhairsing Adriatica, Fl. Earls 120.8 .

With the sense of avoiding, eluding, escaping: tre ghoimh míleadh Mhuighe Fhloinn | gach duine ag síneadh seachoinn, DDána 121.8 . dá dteagmhainn duid ar druim róid | seocham do ghéabhtha, a Ghearóid, 101.41 . neach nach tréig báire an bheatha | téid beatha as sáimhe seocha, Dán Dé vii 3 . ní fhuair E. baeghal in tuir seocha `was unable to effect an entry past it (sc. a gate) into the tower', Stair Erc. 1193 .

léicid secha, léicid sech (láim) omits, passes over: in triar is taire do lecon s.¤ laim con cranncur `to be set aside from the lot-casting', Laws iii 40.7 Comm . léigim na secht Kallanda sin seacham, TFrag. 6.11 . léigeam seachoinn seal eile | . . . | gan bheith re cuma a gcána `I forbear for a space . . . to recount their tributes', TD 17.16 . léig sin seachad let that pass, Maguires of F. 90 .

(b) freq. with suff. pron. referring to subject of preceding verb of going, looking, putting, etc., somet. adding very little to the meaning of the vb., and to be translated, if at all, out, forth, up (cf. 6 ré II (b)): slan don cumail dair a lec ┐ a losat do chur seici, Laws iii 274.19 Comm . dale sechut ol se a curadmir n-ugut do L., LU 8193 ( FB 14 ). cech inocba secha sūas | conitnaice dotuit sīs, ZCP vii 311 § 16 . ragatsa sechum fo des I will proceed, TBC-LL¹ 1172 . tair sechut sís ar in lind come away down, 1297 . tuc a laimh seicce `she put out her hand', Ériu iii 164 § 19 . as a haithle sin adbert Fer D. seaca re araidh, ZCP x 285.11 . déch sechat dia fhis cret itcife `look yonder', iv 384.18 . guruho measca meadhair-caoin uili iat, gur thuit gach aon dīobh seacha, Feis Tighe Chonáin 858 . in silliud rosill secha ar na sluagaib, TTebe 3288 . demhan . . . | do chuires, a náoimh-chléirigh, | 'sa móin secham soir, Irish Texts iv 91 § 3 . tug súil seacha ┐ atchí an machaire lán do mharcshluagh, Keat. iii 1019 . don chomhrádh do chanus ribh | focal seachad san slighidh | féchthar libh nar léig tusa, L. Cl. A. B. 65.10 . is mar sin téid seacha glóir an domhain, TSh. 421 . Cf. do-chuaidh mo shláinte seocham amhail néall (pertransiit), 551 . ticc dá theacht . . . | mo chur sechum ar sáobh-chéill, Ériu ix 6.54 .

Probably from this usage secha (3 s.) and sechat (2 s.) came to be used as adverbs meaning away, by , past, beyond : ? secha sís, ZCP v 501.3 . doléigedar sin seachad seal `they let that pass for a while', Ériu v 172.159 . atá súil agum ré sibhse dhfaicsin ag gabháil seacha dhíbh, Romans xv 24 . dochuadar so uile seocha amhail sgáile (transierunt . . .), TSh. 946 . triall seacha mar aoighidh (transi, hospes), 3706 . ní theilgfe mé seachad íad I will not cast them aside, Levit. xxvi 44 . ag rioth seachad ar R. `running past R.', Rel. Celt. ii 188.29 . ? To this: an drong do chuáidh a seachad a ttír na Hassíria `which were ready to perish', Isaiah xxvii 13 .

(c) after vbs.¤, etc., of growing, increasing: forbairt s.¤ a frecndairc `increase beyond the present', Sg. 167a3 . efficiunt s.¤ a mmascul (of some feminine nouns), 114a5 . forbeir s.¤ aní as anchises gl. Anchisiades, 32a1 . s.¤ positi na conparite oa mbiat `beyond the positives of the comparatives from which they are' (gl. augent), 45a8 .

(d) in preference to, rather than, more than, instead of : æit leu precept domsa seccu `they are jealous that I preach rather than they', Wb. 23b13 . conicsom . . . nad labrathar de se s.¤ nach persin ind ṡainriuth `it is able not to speak de se rather than any person especially', Sg. 199b5 . cia doberat onóir duit sechoinne `rather than us', Thes. ii 325.2 ( Hy. iv pref . ). necessitas metri tuc sund Iuda s.¤ Iudea instead of, Goid. 63.21 . ised on ailes cach cet la deolaid s.¤ na cricha olchena `in preference to the other districts', Laws iv 206.4 . in saine [sin] isin cochull . . . s.¤ a beth for oen dath instead of its being, Trip. clxxxviii 15 . iss é no ndlig s.¤ ócu Ulad archena, LU 8194 ( FB 14 ). cia maith fogniat, in tan moltair s.¤ cách, TBC-LL¹ 416 . is do grásaibh an Spioraid Naoimh douí an bisech sin ar Lasair s.¤ gach adhbar eile da raibhe ag Molaise rather than on any other student, Ériu v 74.34 . cid dia tancatar do Ierusalem s.¤ Bethil Iúda?, PH 6973 . cid ara ndentar celebrad isna trathib-sea sechna trathib ele, KMMisc. 144 § 1 . rugadar Dál Riada do rogha Scotia do thabhairt ar Albain seoch Hibernia do thabhairt uirre, Keat. ii 5801 . adhbhar . . . fá ndeachaidh don Fhraingc seoch dhula i dtír oile, ib. 2606 .

(e) different from, other than: hua sainbás s.¤ cách `by a special death different to all', Ml. 73d7 . cib é dianid sháil delb do gabail de s.¤ amal ata, is brécaire, PH 6052 .

(f) as against, as distinct from: coná baí aithgne neich s.¤ alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . cairm i fetar fīr s.¤ gō, ZCP vii 307.6 . ní fes a béo seach a marb, RC x 70.11 (ICM). ní hurusa . . . | aithne ar fhear seach araile, DDána 85.19 . bīt na cōic cnapāin sin forsna horāistidhip sin . . . seach orāistidhip oile an domain, Fl. Earls 250.1 . comharthadha . . . lé n-aithéonam an aithrighi fhírindech seoch an aithrighi mbreguigh, Mac Aingil 133.3 .

(g) more than, to a greater degree than, above, beyond, in addition to: s.¤ na huili predicta gl. super omnia, Wb. 27b20 . s.¤ mo chomáessa gl. (proficiebam . . .) supra multos coaetaneos meos, 18c16 . secach (= s.¤ cach) ṅguidi `beyond every prayer' (gl. abundantius orantes), 25a28 . du-farcai s.¤ cach ndíne he excels beyond any generation, ZCP lxi 1-3 ( Thes. ii 295 § 2 SP v) . aradéni són s.¤ cach sruth, Ml. 93b10 . do doinib ┐ do iudeib s.¤ cách, 51c12 . s.¤ gl. (si enim) super (omnes alias partes orationis finit personas pronomen), Sg. 197a10 . nem insin nad chonrícthar s.¤ nem nathrach, Ml. 33d10 . cóic ṡenchléthe forcraid laiss s.¤ airig forggaill, Críth G. 436 . cun ngealut da dartuid fri ro dam, ┐ cungelut da dartuid s.¤ ro dam `as much as . . . more than the great ox', Laws ii 74.18 Comm . aon biadh imurail ogasidhe s.¤ a tochus riam `in addition to', i 60.27 Comm . ita trian forcraid . . . in mulieribus s.¤ na firu, Mon. Tall. 149.13 . ālad . . . .i. fola-dath .i. dath fola fair s.¤ in slán, Corm. Y 87 . intlecht i ndreich s.¤ cech raind intellect (is situated) particularly in the countenance, ACL iii 223.8 . berid in bo atúaid trian mblechta s.¤ in mboin andeas, Dinds. 60 ( RC xv 458 ). is e do-rat seirc sainredaig dó, s.¤ cech n-apstal, PH 1923 . ní fiú é an bheatha do bhir | gidh bé do shir seacha soin whosoever seeks anything more than that, Dán Dé ix 33 . cidh do maith . . . doghní-si do Dia seochamsa? BNnÉ 86 § 176 . nir leic ind n-itu . . . labra secha sin don rig, TTebe 1775 . ar an méd as pearsuin di seach a hanmannuibh subsdainnteacha apart from, IGT Introd. § 2 (2.10) . ar a n-áille seoch mh'inghean féin `so far do they excel my daughter in beauty', Keat. iii 2801 . seach ar leagadh riamh i gcré, | doilghe dhuit thú féin, Keat. Poems 611 .

(h) without : huare rombí cechtar de s.¤ alaill because each of the two can exist apart from the other, Sg. 29b16 . co forcongar forsna bechaib fobith is annsa athgabail neich diib seich ind aile `how are the bees made liable, since it is so difficult to seize upon any one of them beyond another?', Laws ii 120.24 Comm . s.¤ .i. leith amuith, O'Curry 2066 ( H 4.22, fo. 67 ).

Implying without (the consent, knowledge or co-operation of), independently of, in disregard of: ni s.¤ comairli dáe `it is not without God's counsel', (gl. per uoluntatem Dei), Wb. 29d1 . nach comairle dong[ní] duine s.¤ dia, Ml. 51b27 (contrasted with la fortacht dae). nīmthairle erchor amnas | s.¤ Macc Dé medras bodras without the consent of, Thes. ii 352.3 ( Hy. vi 13 ). atait secht cuir foceird mac beo-athar s.¤ a athair, Laws v 284.25 . mac donither do cumail i tothla s.¤ flaith `secretly unknown to the chief', 198.3 . lanamnus comtincuir . . . ni bi cor cor nechtar da lina s.¤ araile, ii 356.z . bean fri tabar coibche indichligh (= i ndíchlid) seach a athair (i.e. without the knowledge of her father), iv 60.11 . sigh do denum seoch Cairpri fria Mac Con, Anecd. ii 77 § 4 . Cf. dogníat dona indmasaib selba sainrudcha s.¤ aígedu . . . in Comded (i.e. in disregard of the rights of), LU 2178 . melair blethe s.¤ mulleóir, Metr. Dinds. iii 96.16 . cora gaib cairddes s.¤ Dia fri B. in disregard of God, Rawl. 79b3 . do gen-sa mo dail secha, MR 70.7 = mad áil dogentar seacha, FDG 620 . robratad flaith M. seccu, ZCP viii 309.3 . Muire . . . | ní daorfuidhear sinn seice, DDána 39.33 .

immasech (imb+a n- (poss. pron. 3 pl.)+sech, see GOI § 841 D . ). Also 'masech, 'mosech, fosech. in turn, (each) in (his) turn, one by one: ní corathar a ḟlaith eter rindi gaí; ó do-coīset rind i., nī fess coich less coich amless, ZCP xi 84 § 32 (seach aroile, v.l.). immon Michil lasin crosfigillso immon Muiri lasind crosfigell naile i., Mon. Tall. 28 (137.z) . foscerd īarom imonsech fo c[h]osmailess lūathrinde ┐ do-cuireadar cach āi i tūaim alaile (of three currents meeting and forming a vortex), Corm. Y 323 (27.24) . rochind . . . cipe tan atbalad epscop Doruuernensis epscop Caire do hordned neich na inad ┐ in fer aile masech, Anecd. iii 75.16 . roraid cach dib ris 'mosech . . ., SR 3111 . cechtar dé i. cucai beus día bualad, LU 3289 ( SCC 8 ). coíc srotha . . . ┐ na sloigh imaseach ic ol a husci, IT iii 195 § 35 ('maseach, v.l.). teít in crod a seilb cach áin | . . . teít masech in saegul suail, LL 306b27 ( SG 385.28 ). ras-cuir imma sech i n-urairdi ┐ i n-ísli, MU² 543 . frecraid in challech fósech | ┐ frecraid in méidech, RC vii 298.139 . i. fris-sin on the other hand, PH 4048 . Petar . . . imasech dogníd-som hicc clam in (his) turn, 1734 . ri is mo fuair do thubaisib . . . ┐ ro tocbad Dia estib imaseach one after another, Ann. Conn. 1224.2 . ro-n-gonadh, ro gonsam nech, | ro chuirsim ār sluaig fā sech, ML² 234 . do-chuaidh . . . | lucht na cruinne . . . | fa seach uile go hIofronn, DDána 20.12 . ní bhí an saoghal acht fa seach this life lasts only its turn, Dán Dé xxvi 18 . do fechadh fa seach boill a cuirp, Smaointe B. Chr. 774 . atáid imriosna Ultach, | atáid cogtha Connachtach, | fa seach 'gá n-iomaithbhear ort `severally', TD 21.2 . eich an dúin . . . | do-chiú arís a rioth fa seach `one by one', 11.12 . Cf. fetur an tabur do dilegad aris, ┐ ma sech tar eis a ceile `separately', Rosa Angl. 262.4 . an t-ór 's an t-airgead dá spíonadh, | do bhronn, do scaip fá seach, Keat. Poems 846 . ag so suidhte fá seach orra here in turn are the proofs of them, TSh. 6518 . deabhtha meince uadha for Ghallaibh ┐ imaseach ó Ghallaibh fairsiomh, AFM iii 278.6 . creacha eile do dhénamh lá macaibh Aodha ar Ghallaibh ┐ ar a nesccairdibh Gaoidhealda co ro loitedh an tír eatorra imáseach amne, 284.22 . cath i. seems to mean a battle in which there was a return to the fight after an interval: bellum imesech in campo Singittae . . . ubi Flann . . . et Dubduin . . . ceciderunt in altera congressione belli, et Colgu et Aedh . . . in prima congressione , AU i 162.15 = cath immesech, RC xvii 224.2 (Tig.).

cuirid fo sech leads astray, upsets : is mairg cuirit sein fo sech | briathra millsi na meirdrech, ACL iii 239 § 19 . romcuir Áth Senaig fa sech | rom-deagail is mo duaisbreth, Irish Texts ii 11 § 7 . Domhnall ua Néill . . . | sgél do chuir na slóigh fa seach | go bhfuair bás i nArd Soileach, L. Cl. A. B. 25.y . Cf. imásech dano doralatar .i. ní hinund slighi roghabhsat na Troiannae dochum na long, ┐ rogab Ercoil . . . dochum na Trói, TTr.² 152 .

Of position: saidis fodén ina shuide, ┐ a dí choiss imasech `crossed', MacCongl. 65.4 .

1 sin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 sin or dil.ie/37567
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: sin, sein, sen, sain, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sen, sain, sin, sain, sain, sain, sain, sain, sain, insain, sain, sain, sain, sain, t-ár-sain, sain, séin, iaid-séin, ainnséin, díbh-séin, ei-séin, sine, saine, sene, sini, saine, sine, furri-sene, īarsine, sinee, sei-sean, choigil-sean, n-ainm-sean, dóibh-sean, thoirnsean, orthaibhsean, sion, aigesion, leision, rision, ṡáithsion, bhfághaid-sion, air-sion, san, ionnta-san, ronua-san, a-tá-san, dhol-san, riu-san, dorat-san, atá-san, siad-san, shon-san, son, aitheanta-son, sin, sraitsin, beathaid-sin, deallraidhsin, ṡáithsion, luicht-sin, Maic-sin, bairr-sin, iaid-séin, aim-sin, riui-séin, iarlaisin, dhoi-séin, hÚnai-sin, issin

adv. and demonstr.pron there; that, those (see exx. cited under II (i) below).

Forms. In O.Ir. Glosses always sin, which is the most usual form at all periods. Later also sein, sen, and sain (after non-palatal ending). sein: iar sein , Thes. ii 308.2 ( Hy. ii pref . ). sein (substantival), ib. Thes. ii 308. 23 (do. Comm.). iar sein , SR 3777 (: oentreib). 3705 (: oengein). sein is the form most freq. used by scribe A of LU: í sein , LU 565 . dóib sein , 111 . iar sein , 1231 . ass sein , 4504 . Rare elsewhere in LU: insind aidchi sein , 1545 . sí sein , 8620 . Other instances: Trip.² 447 , 1162 , 2609 . Hib. Min. p. 5.152 , p. 2.29 . MacCarthy 48.22 ( LB 110a ). Corm. Y 206 . From the second half of the Mid.Ir. period this form becomes rare in prose. It does not occur in PH, Aisl. MC or Maund. It remains in bardic verse: (rug) sein, DDána 40.14 (: neimh), 40.13 (gcneidh). It does not occur in TD.

Less freq. sen: Thes. ii 255.7 (Stowe M.), 253.16 (do.), 252.14 (do.). Laws iv 210.y , 206.9 , 190.14 . Corm. Y 110 . LU 911 .

sain: in LU used by both A and M (H seems always to use sin but material not exhaustive). A: and sain , 13 . iat sain , 27 . in recht sain , 133 . isind luc sain , 50 . M: in sét sain , 2158 . isind inud sain , 4094 . insain, 5544 , 9243 . iar sain , 9251 , 9227 .

Other instances of sain: a macsamla sain, SR 5367 (: genair). doib sain , 2761 (: hilberlaib), 4328 (: glain), TBC-LL¹ 5581 . CRR 21 . Laws iv 176.2 . From bardic verse: dhóibh sain , Dán Dé vi 4 (: Peadair). an t-ár-sain , DDána 115.2 (: mhair). sain (substantival), 69.22 (: thosaigh).

Later soin: ō hoin, RSláinte 4747 . ó shoin, IGT Decl. ex. 315 (= Studies 1924, 80 § 6 ). DDána 110.29 (: goimh). ó soin, 54.8 , 39.5 (: thobhoigh).

A form with a long vowel, séin, occurs only in bardic verse and is usually introduced for the sake of the rhyme: iaid-séin, DDána 54.15 (: chéill). ainnséin, TD 21.26 (: féin). Without rhyme: díbh-séin, DDána 96.25 . ei-séin, 80.21 .

Occas. also sine, saine, sene, regarded by Meyer, Wortk. 228 , as an analogical formation on the model of side, saide, sede: iar sini , LU 5245 (H). iar saine (`apart'), Metr. Dinds. iii 114.59 (= LL 195a2 ). ib. 392.81 (iarsine, v.l.) = LL 198b11 . YBL 126b26 . sine, Anecd. ii 35 § 15 (: aile). furri-sene, MacCongl. 3.19 . īarsine (iarsain, v.l. LL), ZCP iv 40.18 (TBFr., Eg.). in tinnscra sinee (sic), ib. 39.7 (= sin, TBFr. App. § 14 (YBL)).

Forms with neutral final first appear in bardic verse ( frie-seon, IT i 75.2 ( LL 260b27 ) is undoubtedly an error for -seom), sean and sion after a palatal ending, san and, rarely, son after a neutral. They occur only as enclitics replacing O.Ir. -som, -si. sean: sei-sean, DDána 69.22 . do choigil-sean , 104.24 . a n-ainm-sean , 100.15 (: lean). dóibh-sean, 63.7 (: cneadh). níor thoirnsean , TD 32.26 . orthaibhsean, 12.11 .

sion (very common in TD): ei-sion, DDána 98.33 (deisiol). aigesion, TD 23.17 . leision, 16.23 . rision, 16.15 . a ṡáithsion , 33.10 . go bhfághaid-sion , Donlevy 42.23 . air-sion, 56.13 .

san: ionnta-san, DDána 122.17 . a cruth . . . ronua-san , 114.26 . a-tá-san, 71.24 . a dhol-san , 69.21 . riu-san, Stair Erc. 1865 . dorat-san, 211 . amhail atá-san , TSh. 284 . siad-san, 4945 . a shon-san , Donlevy 30.16 .

son: a aitheanta-son , Donlevy 52.9 .

With devoicing and delenition of a preceding final: ant sin , Ml. 36a1 . an sraitsin , IGT Decl. ex. 1012 . na beathaid-sin , Dán Dé iv 13 (: fhaicsin). an deallraidhsin , xiv 25 (: thuigsin). But as a rule the final is not affected: in chruth sin, Wb. 12d19 , 13b17 . in chrud sin, 13a6 . and sin, Ml. 72d1 . na . . . maccáin maith sin, Fél. Aug. 2 . a ṡáithsion , TD 33.10 . In bardic verse, sin palatalizes the preceding final (see IGT Introd. § 150 ): an luicht-sin , Dán Dé xvii 26 . an Maic-sin , v 33 . an bairr-sin , DDána 84.42 . iaid-séin, 54.15 . mun aim-sin , 80.22 . TD 8.9 . ag an chrích Albainsin, 24.2 . So also with glide-vowel: riui-séin, DDána 117.2 . don iarlaisin , TD 17.35 . dhoi-séin, Butler Poems 1582 . na hÚnai-sin , 360 .

Usage.

A As adverb (? original use): `nachamdermainte . . .' ised no biad s.¤ it is `forget me not . . .' that would have been there, Ml. 32d5 . ní epur ní s.¤ `I say nothing therein', Sg. 73b6 . docuirethar cétna persan s.¤ persana aili chucae `a first person here (better there) takes other persons to it', 191a2 . roansat sin in dām, Anecd. i 73 § 214 . cotailsiu s.¤ bic a Chu Chulaind, LU 6310 . ni fil brig s.¤ tra, IT i 140.25 .

B As demonstrative,

I Adjectival (usually enclitic).

(a) with article and noun, that, the above-mentioned, the before-mentioned : in chumal s.¤ , Thes. ii 240.3 (Ardm.). a ndéde s.¤ , Wb. 25d8 . dinaib preceptorib s.¤ , 5a4 . a buidigud dosom int soirtha s.¤ `to thank Him for that deliverance', Ml. 62c6b . in Fiac s.¤ , Thes. ii 307.3 ( Hy. II pref . ). cechtar de na da flesc-sain, SR 4328 . in tUath mac Imomain s.¤ , LU 9006 ( FB 75 ). an t-Iruath s.¤ , Maund. 82 . an triur-soin ón tigh neamhdha, DDána 9.12 . mac inghine an Aodha-soin, TD 13.52 . an bhean úd s.¤ , Keat. Poems 76 . Exx. without article: bethusin, Ml. 53c14 . iarsétsain, SR 1687 .

When the subst. is qualified by an adj., sin follows the adj.: a timne sainemail s.¤ , Wb. 3c33 . in euin utmaill s.¤ , Ml. 127c12 . otha na teora bliadna suiri s.¤ , Laws iv 164.6 . dend Eoganacht áinsin, Fél. Oct. 20 . in cumhadh céatna s.¤ , Leb. Cert. 142.15 . fan Magh Laignechsin, Irish Texts ii 28 § 22 .

uile, however, follows sin: ind rétai s.¤ huili, Wb. 5c16 . a met na ree sein uile, SR 141 .

When the subst. is defined by a definite noun in the gen., sin precedes this: don dlúim máir s.¤ inna pecthach, Wb. 9d5 . in gnim s.¤ in tengad, Ml. 31b24 . na bāi s.¤ Echdi Echbēil, Corm. Y 585 . in laithi sen in brātha, 110 . an Maic-sin Dé, Dán Dé v 33 . ic sibul an mhara s.¤ na hIndía, Maund. 240 . mar do bhí an Conaillsin Cuinn, TD 2.36 .

When the dependent genitive is indefinite, sin follows it: a llaa mbrithemnacte s.¤ , Wb. 6b26 . forsa cenélae metir s.¤ , Sg. 8a13 . an lucht feasa s.¤ , PCT 193 . The follg. are exceptional: in cethardoit s.¤ tire, Laws iv 164.10 . ag an chrích Albainsin, TD 24.2 .

Note also: ar nipa dóir a teg n-oiged s.¤ in spirito, Wb. 4a7 .

(b) With O.Ir. (h)í and follg. sin: adib mogæ indí s.¤ `ye are servants of Him', Wb. 3b15 . dindí s.¤ `of Him', 7a2a . talam nání s.¤ `the land of those (people)', 9b19 . inti s.¤ gl. qui, 15d19 . arnaib hi s.¤ gl. illis, Ml. 117b4 . lasinni s.¤ `with him', 36a7 . donaib hi s.¤ `to them', 54b19 . foropoir indhí s.¤ `that man's special business', Mon. Tall. 16 (133.17) . ised dicit hisindi-sein, Hib. Min. 5.152 . ní beram aichni inní s.¤ `we do not know such a one', Imr. Brain 64 .

(c) (h)í-sin with noun and article: int Alaxander hísin, Wb. 28a20 . ní fristait in béstatid n-isin, 12d39 . a mbás n-isin, 15d12 . trisin n-impúd n-isin, Ml. 93a18 . huana fochaidib hisin, 54a18 . ond rainn inmedonich hísin ind aitrebthado, Sg. 198a13 . in fer hísin, Imr. Brain 32 . frissin cróib ísin, 2 . fri ceilebrad ind líthlaithi hisin, Trip.² 439 . forsain choire n-īsin (MS. niṡin), Corm. Y 323 (p. 28.6) . an tech í-sin, Sc.M² R 5 . ind fer ísin, Mon. Tall. 76 (159.2) . forsin n-imarchor n-ísin, LU 5625 (TBC). lasin screich í sin, IT i 67.8 . issé in t-imper ísin Constantinoble doní patrierca, Maund. 30 (transltd. `the Emperor in C.', ? better that emperor of C. Cf. acan imper C., 23 ). forind arracht n-ingnathach hisin, Stair Erc. 1285 . frisin torathar hisin, 1263 .

(d) with noun preceded by possessive (rare in O.Ir.): a fius sin knowledge of that, Wb. 10b27 . a macsamla sain, SR 5367 . a rád s.¤ , MU² 114 . fail a mor-abba dam-sa sain, CRR 18 . a n-anmanna sin, MacCongl. 77.18 . i ló a bheirthei-sean, DDána 17.24 . atá an fairrgi a comard s.¤ ann comadh dóigh . . ., Maund. 180 . a aitherrach s.¤ do fregra, 27 . a bhfulang s.¤ , TSh. 6218 .

(e) with conjugated prepp. (when the pron. implied has neuter or abstract force, and when the prep. retains the stress, i.e. does not merely replace by the form of 3 s.n. the O.Ir. simple prep.). Here, later, freq. but not always, sin replaces O.Ir. -som, -si (see next section): as s.¤ , PH 3186 . Maund. 8 . is samlid s.¤ dano bid ícc disi tuistiu claindde, Wb. 28b17 . niba samlid doemsa mo thuaid insin `it will not be so that I shall defend my people', Ml. 37c20 . is samlid insin, 34b6 . amlaid s.¤ , LU 2154 ( FA 22 ). ni hamhlaid s.¤ dobí, Maund. 118 . air s.¤ , Imr. Brain 60 . LU 8555 ( FB 41 ). is airi insin rocualasu guth m'ernaigdese, Ml. 50d7 . is airi insin darigensat, Sg. 213a1 . ? is airi nobíth digaimm leo ante ρ sin, 9b10 (Edd.'s note: ` sin might go with is airi ', cf. Ml. 37c20 , cited above). airi sein, LU 767 ( ACC Comm . ). a testa de-s.¤ , Sc.M² 6 . conid de s.¤ atát na trenae samna, LU 3226 ( SCC 1 ). de s.¤ , Stair Erc. 294 . is dó sein arróet som in ainm is Cotraigi, IT i 17.32 . is dó-sin as-rubrad, Sc.M² R 1 . is úas in sluinnsius foi s.¤ , LU 803 ( ACC Comm . ). is sí cétbaid ala n-aile ant s.¤ `that is the opinion of some there', Ml. 36a1 . is [s]ruithiu la Feine in foesam and-sen oldás . . ., Laws iv 206.9 . and s.¤ , Trip.² 168 . and s.¤ there, LU 2096 . ann s.¤ then, Stair Erc. 838 . iarmu s.¤ after that, IT i 120.30 ( TE 5 ). iarma s.¤ , PH 5656 . i comfhat ro bátar immi sain, MU² 306 . imme-sin, PH 12 . uimme-sin, 625 . leis s.¤ do thréig féin a uile mhaitheas, TSh. 364 . batar fri cíana móir oca s.¤ , LU 3289 ( SCC 8 ). do bhí a ḟios aigesion, TD 23.17 . reimhe-s.¤ before, Sc.M² R 18 . riamh roimhe s.¤ , PCT 170 . ná ciontaigh sinn seacha s.¤ , DDána 25a.15 . trit s.¤ on that account, Maund. 26 .

(f) replacing O.Ir. -som, -si with verbs and pronn.: táncatar s.¤ . . . da mórad áig ┐ urgaile, MU² 577 . ra-chuala sain Carpre, CRR 45 . dollotar sain co Tráig mBále, 10 . ro-ercransat s.¤ uli amal foscad no ciaig, PH 4265 . mar [do] mhaith soin, Dán Dé v 30 . atbert s.¤ , Maund. 34 . iaid-séin (: chéill), DDána 54.15 . eision agus i-se, 98.33 . sei-sean, 69.22 . siadsan, TSh. 4945 . íatsan, Maund. 157 . demmun aridralistar s.¤ `a demon has contrived it', Mon. Tall. 66 (153.27) . dosrat s.¤ ina théig libair, MacCongl. 9.21 .

II Substantival (stressed) (in O.Ir. usually in sin see GOI § 482 ) except after prepp.

(a) after simple prepp. (in some cases later replaced by petrified 3 s.n., e.g. faoi sin, ann sin see I (e) above): a s.¤ `therefrom', Ml. 59a21 . is follus a s.¤ tra `hence then it is clear', Sg. 5a10 . amal s.¤ , PH 116 . nonsóirni a dæ ar s.¤ `on account of that', Ml. 136c11 . a eneclainn co s.¤ anall, Críth G. 264 . cen aithgne a litri có s.¤ , Trip.² 97 . fo anmchairdini E. robúisom co s.¤ anald, Mon. Tall. 136.13 . doruménair co s.¤ combá mac dond ríg hé, LU 1676 . scela in chatha co s.¤ , PH 7267 . di s.¤ dulluid in t-aingel cuci `then', Thes. ii 242.3 (Ardm.). ní torban dom níi di s.¤ `nothing of that profits me', Wb. 12b32 . di s.¤ gl. exinde, Ml. 90d13 . is di ṡ.¤ asberr séra , Sg. 183b3 . ro mórad ainm nDé . . . di sein, Trip.² 548 . coir duit mo marbad di ṡhain, SR 1531 . dessimrecht . . . do s.¤ , Wb. 25d8 . is fochetoir trá fo s.¤ `then in that case it is at once (?)', Ml. 42c24 . ind ḟír fo ṡ. `truly according to that', Sg. 106a5 . a canar dind offriund for sen `thereafter', Thes. ii 252.14 (Stowe M.). cid as dénti fri s.¤ , `what is to be done with reference to that', Wb. 12d41 . is i s.¤ rafetar [a]ngil `it is therein that angels know Him', 28c12 . hi s.¤ there, 33b7 . issin therein, 12d5 (ref. to isinbiuthso gl. in hoc mundo, 12d4 ). hi s.¤ here, Sg. 61b13 . ni taet guth isson (`leg. issen = issin?' Edd.) `here no voice cometh', Thes. ii 253.7 (or to son?). dlomis fíacc dóib iar s.¤ `afterwards', 242.14 (Ardm.). isint senmim dedenach ar ni bia senim terchomric iar s.¤ , Wb. 13d18 . iar sein gl. iarum, Thes. ii 315.40 . ní bu chían íar s.¤ coráncatar tír inna mban, Imr. Brain 62 . íar s.¤ , MU² 1025 (LU). iar s.¤ , Maund. 154 . la s.¤ `therewith', Thes. ii 291.15 ( Ml. Poems I ). la s.¤ didiu atraigh in t-ēicsīne, Corm. Y p. 70.3 . o sein (o ṡein, v.l.) ille, Thes. ii 308.4 ( Hy. II pref . ). trīcha laithe . . . | ō ṡ.¤ co cenn a uide, Bruchst. 57 § 128 ( AFM 1022 A.D . ). ro gell . . . na fegbad Erind o ṡein immach from that time onwards, LU 306 ( ACC Pref . ). Áth Féinne a ainm o ṡain ille since then, TBC-LL¹ 4948 . ó shoin i le, Dán Dé vi 5 . ó ṡoin, Maund. 102 . ó s.¤ , ib. ó shoin amach, TSh. 75 . ó s.¤ a le, PCT 75 . ac s.¤ chucut do ríg, PH 4376 . ní cúalatar guth dæ re s.¤ `before that', Ml. 102d7 . ná[d] roga(i)b seilb ná comarbus ria s.¤ , Críth G. 37 . an immon (= immáin) sech s.¤ īarom dognīat na bāi, Corm. Y 674 . tri s.¤ gl. perinde, Ml. 60b15 .

(b) with cenmothá and íarmothá: a chommaín cinn bliadna cenmothā s.¤ , Sc.M² 2 . na ocht grad cenmothá s.¤ , SR 785 . cach fuasnud iarmotha s.¤ cin indurba, Laws ii 290.24 .

(c) after acht: acht sain o tat ina mbiu | nochan fuil . . ., Anecd. ii 35 § 12 . duit ra thócbus cend innocht | acht sain ní bia diar comroc, LL 210b22 .

(d) after the equative: is denithir s.¤ ara-chrin cumachtae inna pecthach `even so swiftly does the power of sinners perish', Ml. 57c12 . amal as suthain riuth gréne síc bith suthainidir s.¤ ainm Solmon `even so lasting', 90b10 . amal as ndínim la nech . . . is dínnímidir insin la dia . . . `so little trouble is it to God', 61b28 . is lerigtir sin, RC iii 346.21 ( Aisl. Óeng. 12 ). is denitir s.¤ rosaigh fudumne pene, Mon. Tall. 85 (162.39) .

(e) accus. with verb: ní pí ciall la nech dogní insin, Wb. 29b11 . fomnid insin `take ye heed of that', 20b15 . Gobban durigni insin, Thes. ii 294.13 ( Ml. Poems III ). asbeir som insin do dia `he says that of God', Ml. 51d25 . mar atchualá Euá insain, SR 1717 . nā ráid ind s.¤ , MacCongl. 61.15 . is i persin Crist dagníusa s.¤ , Wb. 14d26 . intliucht tra conricci s.¤ `(such is) then the sense so far', Ml. 44b10 - 11 . cid ara cuinchi siu sein?, Thes. ii 307.12 - 13 ( Hy. ii pref . ). adcūaid īarom an gilla d'Athairne s.¤ , Corm. Y 690 . ní moladar som s.¤ , Mon. Tall. 23 (135.14) . in ri rodelba sain, SR 331 . ní ḟeadarsa cosaniú s.¤ , BDD² 148 . dorindetur-san s.¤ , Maund. 199 .

(f) nom. with pass. verb: do óis anfoirbthiu tra asrobrad insin, Wb. 12d26 . coṅgaibther huile hí crist insin, Thes. ii 254.19 (Stowe M.). dogéntar uli in-sin, PH 2248 . increchthar sein ar ní deichned iar ndílsi tormach sillaibi, LU 463 . do féchad s.¤ co menic, Maund. 92 .

(g) nom. with subst. verb: ni pia detsiu insin `that will not be to Thee', Wb. 32c12 . ata di thrummai na fochaide insin that is (so) from the weight of the tribulations, Ml. 23a19 .

(h) nom. of active verb: artáott troscud s.¤ `this serves in place of a fast', Mon. Tall. 80 (161.12) . tre n-a croidhe do-chuaidh s.¤ , DDána 16.6 . creud chialluigheas s.¤ , Donlevy 26.18 .

(i) with copula: nitat midrera óisa foirbthi insin, Wb. 22b17 . ni cosmil fri gnímu angil insin, 32c7 . airde serce móre insin, 24c2 (copula omitted before airde). creitmech s.¤ as messa ancreitmech, 28d23 . is briathar de insin, Ml. 31c7 . fo deud s.¤ `this (is) at the end', Sg. 72a6 . `Fiac s.¤' ol D. `F. is the man', Thes. ii 307.14 ( Hy. ii pref . ). sóerchéli na flatha . . . óes insin bís [i] coímthecht do ḟlaith, Críth G. 594 . athgabail in sin ad fenar fo fio that is a type of distraint that . . ., Laws i 256.6 . cóicc noíb in sin do muintir P., Trip.² 820 . fairend . . . s.¤ dogníat trócaire, LU 2194 ( FA 27 ). ní bréc sain, MacCarthy 210.3 ( LL 129b ). lebor s.¤ i follsigther . . ., PH 3985 . ` Ísu conagum' . . . `Is mesi s.¤', 3108 . mairg gaollucht dan séala sain, DDána 20.14 . breath s.¤ do dhearbh gach duine, TD 15.15 . is hed insin a llínn i ngaib diabul peccatores gl. laqueum diabuli, Wb. 29b19 . is hed insin forchun do chách `that is what I teach to every one', 10a13 . in n-ed insin furuar dait, Ml. 44b 10 - 11 . ised dano insin dorosluínd cainchomrac ar mu chnamaibse `that moreover denied peace to my bones', 58a11 . it hé insin .vii. cléithe ó ndírenar cach bóaire, Críth G. 157 . iss é in(n)sin im[m]athoing smachtu, 37 . it é in sin dá macc E., Trip.² 2063 . at he sein in da se rind, SR 257 . bid si s.¤ mini na hesorgni, LU 8655 ( FB 48 ). is í s.¤ cathuir is mó sa doman, Maund. 182 . a phosd cothaighthe is sé s.¤ `that is the post on which he is stayed', TD 22a.5 . gonadh é s.¤ an modh ar ar fhágaibh M. . . . a thighearnas dá éisi, Maguires of F. 99 . is hed for n-ainm insin `that is your name', Wb. 5a17 (cf. is hed bunad mo chlainde `that is my clan's stock', ib. 19 . ) issí écmailte in choscair insin `that is the insolence of the victory', Ml. 33c13 . is ed tír mbó la Féniu insin, Críth G. 92 . is hí immurco foropir cáich lindi indsin `this indeed is what we consider to be the additional labour of each man', Mon. Tall. 16 (133.12) . it é dáilemain adad dech fil i nHérinn in sin those are the best cupbearers, BDD² 1160 . fer fothlai, cid ara ne(i)per[r]? Is é remibí bóairechaib insin, Críth G. 249 . conid e epscop insin cita-ro-oirtned that was the bishop who was first ordained, Thes. ii 241.15 (Ardm.). méit donindnagar fornni fochith issí méit insin donindnagar in díthnad `in proportion as suffering is bestowed upon us, so is the consolation that is bestowed', Wb. 14b15 . issí dias insin oingther leusom, Tur. 4 . ní si accuis insin arinrogab duaid, Ml. 35a8 . is hæ lin pars insin bis i n-obli, Thes. ii 254.18 (Stowe M.). ised uatath in sain conoirg fri sochaid those are the few that . . ., Laws iv 176.2 . air it he teora trebuire in sen nad rithrolat . . . comarbai, 210.y . iss ed ārus indsin i rraba Glass, Corm. Y p. 75.17 . bíadd prantigi dano ised aonach ndedenach indsin is coir do imbirt isna mbelaib iar praind hi sessam ┐ hi praindtig a cetal, Mon. Tall. 83 (162.2) . ba sí úair insin dolluid Fedelm . . . asind rígthig, LU 8223 ( FB 17 ). iss ed eret no bitis Ulaid insin i mMaig Murthemni (leg. eret insin . . .), 3224 ( SCC 1 ).

(j) in vn. constructions: ní áil tra insin do epirt, Wb. 27c8 . ni fíu dúibsi insin do é[it]secht, 18c11 . is mar so is cōir s.¤ do rādh, Corm. Y 684 . ba heicen . . . do ingenaib Emna s.¤ do dénam, Sc.M² R 20 . ro-líset-sum for Ísu s.¤ do ráda, PH 3147 . do gell E. s.¤ do dhigail for L., Stair Erc. 904 .