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2 áel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 áel or dil.ie/619
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: æile, aéla, aéoil, aeil, áeil, adhal

n Perh. orig. dissyll., see the spellings below. m., perh. orig. n., cf. g s. æile (sic MS.), RC xxix 219.20 . Also aéla, LL 300b24 , 56 but aéoil, RC xiii 58 § 51 . aeil, TTebe 2657 . Later f. áeil f., IGT Decl. § 14 . In OT trans. spelt adhal. See Vendr. Lex. but cf. CSANA 3-4 378 .

Fleshfork: ael gl. fuscina, Sg. 37b15 . fuscina tridens .i. áel, Thes. ii 226.30 (Pcr.). æl trébend, RC xiii 56 § 46 ( LL 300b20 ). tincur tigi caich . . . aiel ┐ caire, Laws i 122.13 . fer foichlid ael a coire, iii 266.8 . aithsceinm mire do aeiel ( di æiul, CIH iv 1887.5 ), v 156.14 . mar ata aeal ┐ tellach ┐ grisach ┐ innbir, O'Curry 2268 ( Eg. 88 fo 20(21)a ). fó inbiur in ardchori / 'sa æhel ria ais, MacCongl. 39.18 = 'sa æl ria ais, 121.24 . failet sund aisceda ríg . . . aél ┐ coire . . . aél co mbennaib braine, LL 300a47 . in t-aél a llus in bid, 49 . cona ael cona inbiurb cona chonnud, 4987 . in fer no-t[h]ēged iarsint sligi do-bered in n-aēl isin coiri, Sc.M² § 1 . na báisínigh ┐ na hadhail, Exodus xxxviii 3 . adhal thrí mbeangán . . . an mhéid do bheireadh an t-adhal, 1 Sam. ii 13 . na hadhala ┐ na sluaiste, Numbers iv 14 . Of a weapon: dá n-aeielaibh troma treb- arnacha, Celt. Rev. iii 116 . in faicend tu ua do Nephtiun and ┐ delb æil ar a armaib? `with the figure of a trident on his arms', TTebe 2657 .

aithsceinm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithsceinm or dil.ie/2793

 

n (sceinm) act of rebounding; rebound: cēchtsam dercca aithscenmaim ailcne, Corm. Y 446 = Cóir Anm. 157 . secht naithsceanmanda . . . a.¤ slisne etc., Laws v 156.11 .

cráeb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cráeb or dil.ie/12707
Last Revised: 2013

 

n ā, f.

(a) branch, bough; sprig; rod, wand; post : ni cech cnú fociṅg dia croíb, LL 19134 . etir moin céir ┐ craib, 34903 ( MU² 463 ). co tuca chroíb dam din chaírthend, Fraech 194 . aithsceinm craibi tar ais, Laws v 156.14 . colpach ína ngablaib, dairt ina craebaib, iv 146.23 (see gabul). craeb . . . olachraind, TTebe 2007 . crāeb ola, ACL iii 238 § 8 . as craobh ria na bláth écc ind ḟir hisin (prov. of untimely death), AFM ii 1114.13 . Cf. ni coilte cra[eb] r[ian]a bláth, Éigse ii 184 § 5 ( LL 374c28 ). léiccis cráobha . . . lécciss coilcthi (? branches strewn for bedding. Poss. w.r.t. bracken or heather branches or perhaps a wooden (or wickerwork) bed-frame , Ériu xxvi 95 ), ZCP viii 198 §§ 16 , 17 . fo chiamhair chraobh `among the gloom of branches', BS 24.13 . craeb sidha a laim gach aeinfir dibh olive-branch , ZCP vi 48.9 . atait 5 craoba ar in luibh so springs, ACL i 332.60 . an té do-ní craoibh don chnaoi (viz. God), DDána 42.30 . is amlaid documlai in mac ┐ craeb airgdide uaso . . . Craeb óir . . . uasna ollamnaib. Craeb umai úasna filedaib archena a golden wand, LL 24227 . Cf. bun(n)sach. craobh conaire signpost , LBranach 1004 . craobh eóluis ar oinigh Aodh, 361 . mithidh damhsa . . . / . . . do chuir ar chraoibh, a chompáin to put away, to put aside (to an old cloak), Hackett² 31.26 , 29 . c.¤ luirg see 1 lorg . rod on which ogam was written: cairechtaire Gaoidhelge . . . sgríobhtha 'na bhfleasga ar chraobhaibh, Celtica i 97.309 . Hence: an carachtaire ele . . . goirthear ogham-chraobh (leg. ogham craobh ?) dhe, 306 .

(b) tree, bush : in chróeb i Cind Febrat, Metr. Dinds. iii 230.68 (? ref. to in t-ibar (sic leg.) of 49, 53). unnius i (? Í) Tortain . . . / unnius Uisnig . . . / tuitset na craiba, LL 27698 . teg mór ffer, ┐ ech, docum craoibhe Fert Luighdheach, Ériu xiii 44.10 . ealta minén ar fud craíbhe éigin, CF² 883 . táinic . . . amach as lár craóibhe = out of the midst of a bush, Exodus iii 2 . In phr. fo chráeib out of doors, in the open(?): encorach dicitur duine fossad fo craeph, O'Mulc. 398 (`or fochraib ?' ed.). codlaim fa chraoibh 'san ess, BS 136.16 . Of particular trees: C. Da Thi / . . . crand na sluag, LL 27692 . unnius im̄ Craeb Belaig Da Thi, 27683 . Craeb Uisnig, 27647 . For mod. le (ar na) craobhachaibh ` mad, crazy ', see Ó Cuív, Éigse viii 104 - 5 .

(c) In a wide variety of transfd. meanings.

Of persons: in chróib co mbláthib (of Brigit), Thes. ii 325.20 (Hy. iv). Áed . . . c.¤ chomlán do thennad túath, LL 17038 . in chrōib chāin chumra (a warrior), Bruchst. 122 . a chraobh bhíthe bhanda, DDána 80.28 (to a lady). craobh na rosg ruadh (of Conn), ML 122.11 .

Of locks of hair: a bháirr . . . na gcraob gcam, O'Gr. Cat. 456.7 . le hearla na gcraobh gcumhraidhe, DDána 109.8 . cíoradh na gcraobh, Magauran 976 .

Of weapons: crōib glec lāich ina lāmaib (description of Cú Chulainn in his chariot), TBC-I¹ 2571 . in C.¤ Glasach .i. claidem . . . F., Acall. 2192 .

Of a branched wand or staff from which bells were suspended: craebh sidhamhail . . . co tri hublaibh dergoir fuirre, Manners and Customs iii 317 n. 313 f. Cf. i. dxxxvii. eistecht risin ceol dogníd in cræbh, IT iii 193.22 . ro croith in craib Sencha ┐ contoíset Ulaid uli fris, LU 8421 ( FB 29 , H). c.¤ chréduma ra haird a gúaland (of Sencha), LL 35114 ( MU² 749 ). craeb ṡída ┐ forṡidaigthi Fian Érenn, Acall. p. 329.22 . Note further: ar mbreith bhúaidhe cheóil chraoibhe music of the harp(?), IGT Decl. ex. 1165 . ná déin dearmod don chraoibh chiuil, Bard. P. 46.8 . ó ṡeinm na gcraobh gciúil, TD 14.7 . glór bhar síodhchraobh seanma, DDána 68.21 .

Of branching decorative work, arabesque : cráeba cailce for a cliu (of a shield), Eg. 88, 19a cited Contribb. 503 . feilm óir na gcraobh gcorcra, DDána 75.40 . tre chraobhoibh do chuach n-órtha, O'Hara 4363 . craísech chráebh n-úaine, IGT Decl. ex. 1205 .

Of waves: ar chorp mar chraobha tonn, Magauran 1004 .

In sense of pedigree, genealogy, descent, branch of a family tree; scion : do fremaib ┐ do bunud ┐ do craébaib, BB 411a33 . ar bhfréamh chraobhei-ne ime, DDána 70.17 . cráobh do chin óna Collaibh, IGT Decl. ex. 1330 . Freq. c.¤ choibnesa, c.¤ geinelaig: cade a craeb choibniusa? pedigree , Metr. Dinds. iv 346.7 . a c.¤ choibniusa (sic leg.) fri Grécaib common descent (of the Trojans), LL 30859 ( TTr. 41 ). triúr anuas . . . / d'Anna sa chraoibh choibhneasa, Dán Dé xi 12 . craobha geinealaigh Gaoidheal, DDána 72.21 . See coibnius.

Note also: hi trūaill . . . findarcait ūas chrōebaib(?) a chnis, TBC-I¹ 2342 . deisme neómain im chét c.¤ (dees imomain im chet croeb, YBL), TBC-LL¹ 4958 ( LL 11620 ). ? cionnus lat tré chraoibh na cána / mac an tsaoir do rádha ris (of Christ), DDána 26.6 . cuanna arna threaghdadh a thaobh / ag cealgadh craobh uadha d'fhíon, Dán Dé xxvi 21 . gach craobh chorr, O'Hara 2444 (`each rounded limb'). craobh uaine ad shuil mar shamfhrais, Celtic Scotland iii 424 , xlii (`beam'). craobh barr-dheigh-ṡleagh a barr sin `whose glory is pre-eminence in sharp good lances', Content. xxix 17 . ? cach sathe díib rogab crúib, ZCP viii 308.20 .

Freq. in nn. loc.., see Hog. Onom .

Compds. General sense branching, spreading , but freq. merely for alliterative or other metrical purposes. With nouns and vns. 'san gcraobh-bhanna phéacach, Keat. Poems 304 (`flowing riband, branching band', Gloss.). fás a craobhchall, DDána 64.21 . craebcoroin . . . do nat[h]rac[h]aiph neimde, CCath. 4119 . craebdearca Conaill, MR 116.21 . atbath craobhdhos bhile mhóir, Aonghus, Keat. iii 707 (quotation). i torchair cain craebdus / Oengus ┐ Eithne (cheville), LL 23505 (c.¤ + dos ?). ós chionn do cheathra gcraobh-fhabhra branching lashes and eyebrows , DDána 114.14 . in chliat[h]sa ni craebhḟál `fence of branches', Gorm. 9 . tré chroeb[ḟ]odail, ZCP viii 307.1 (rhet.). craebhfhoghla . . . caibniusa tuath `genealogical ramifications', MR 98.14 . techtughudh . . . cu cruibh ime temporary fence(?), O'D. 2272 ( Rawl. B 506, 23cd ). arm áigh craoibhlíne ` engraved ', O'Hara 683 . tre Mhagh gC. na gcraoibhleas, DDána 74.50 . atād trī caoga craobh-ogham aguinn ogham written on staves, Celtica i 97.306 . Conall . . . uaind ro geinedh in craebh-shlat, MR 310.20 . laoch … craobhshūileach bushy-eyed Celtica xiii 42.103 . craebhthonna spreading waves(?), CF 926 .

With adjj. a Caiseal craebchorr, BB 60b40 . tré ghéarlasair chraobh-dheirg, Keat. Poems 351 . clanna . . . craeb-gasta, MR 118.18 . mar bhláth éadtrom chraobhghlas, Keat. Poems 288 . dreach craobhghoirthe `bright-curved', O'Hara 1907 . go Cliaigh gcr[a]oibhiodhain, DDána 109.3 . a ghruaidh chraobhnár mar chrithre, Aithd. D. 34.6 (`o'erspread with fiery blush'). in t-abhra réidh craobhnocht, O'Hara 4457 (`curving'). um chlár gcraobhsholus gCobhthaigh, Aithd. D. 16.25 . fuairshreabha an chalaidh chraobhshona, 4.8 (`tree-rich'). cuingeda . . . craeb-uaisli `free-born', MR 246.3 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: craibdig .i. . . . craeb-bethadaig (etymol. gl.), Fél.² xxxi 16 . go Cruachain gcraobhchollaigh, Aithd. D. 4.13 . clar-sceimelta . . . craeb-dathacha cath-sciath, MR 224.5 . in Craebhghlasach, claidem F., Acall. 2244 . dh'éis luit do chuilg cráoibhlitrigh, O'R. Poems 109 . na cromsróna . . . craebhshilteacha, CF² 288 . D. . . . / na sul ngormall craebhsuirgeach, IGT Met. Faults § 149 . gu Céis cráebthorthuigh Coruinn, Anecd. i 31 § 49 .

See cruibe.

cruë

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cruë or dil.ie/13209
Last Revised: 2019

 

n io, m. (?) hoof; later horse-shoe . See Celtica xv 2-3 . cróa gl. ungula, Sg. 46b13 . cuma lee cip crua dosnessa, ZCP viii 103y . fót ... fóa cruib, LU 8662 ( FB 49 ). co torchratar ... xxx. cach cruí dó, LL 14054 (of Liath Macha). docuridar in t-ech fót mór da díb croib, LL 13343 . aithsceinm a cruib [e]ach, Laws v 156.15 = crobaib, Laws iii 262.22 Comm. fo[l]liucht crui gach eich `mark of the hoof', RC ix 466.9 . ic fosughud a crua . . . iarnaidhe fo cosaib a n-ec[h]radh, CCath. 4642 . ag cur cru `shoeing a horse', Ann. Conn. 1384.13 . cu cró an eich, IGT Decl. ex. 1626 . deithfear gleó um chráoithibh dá ccur, Bard. Synt. Tr. 8x . craidhthi aga cur fo chursunaibh, ZCP vi 29.4 . sínfidh tú . . . | crú re ngliaidh nar fhoghain d'each, O'Hara 1016 . Of the feet of a person: it crína indiu mo chrúi, CMMucr. 56 § 60 .

etallas, etfollas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. etallas, etfollas or dil.ie/20650

 

n m. looseness (of nails, rivets) (?): only noted in Laws Comm., in g s., in reference to accidents in connection with buildings, chariots, boats, (the use of) flails, sledges, etc., and rendered defect: slan dfir in carbait ce foglaid in carbat risium, acht na raib fis crine na etallais na haicbeile Laws iii 266.1 . slan an[d] dfir in ethair cia foghail in t-et[h]ar riusam acht na raib fis etallais, 208.21 . madh si in chual rofuachtnaig and iar na gnimugud ┐ iar na suigigud, ┐ ni roibe fis forcraide na haicbeile na hetfollais aice, 174.14 . slainti espu ┐ etorbu do cētsceinm na suisti can fis ettollais do cul na de taib, v 158.20 . iii 222.4 . na huile denta so...ō na bia fis forcraidh no aicbeile no etallais ...is slan iat, iii 166 w . slainte...do cētsceinm an uird can fis ettollais. aithsceinm liac .i. bró in muilind cin fis ettollais v 158.22 . Cf. next.

1 saírse

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 saírse or dil.ie/36047

 

n io, m. or n., later f. ( Laws v 90.24 ) (2 saer) craftsmanship, workmanship, art : cen sairse foglaimme ┐ frithgnama gl. sine arte, Ml. 42c2 . etar fileda ┐ áis ṅdénma sairse chenae, Sg. 212a11 . oc imbert in gae lia sairsi oco `with his science', ACL iii 18.25 ( Trip.² 770 ). dias doib fri sóirsi slecht, | fri cerdacht, fri primgoibnecht, SR 4189 (of framers of Tabernacle) = fri gaibnecht ┐ sairse ┐ cerdacht, LB 120az . saeir .i. doniat in t[s]airsi, Laws v 90.24 Comm . ollam suad sairsi, 112.19 .i. in saer daimliac ┐ durtaigi, 114.16 Comm . `a chief master of handicraft', MacNeill MacNeill, Law of status p. 281 . sairsi ilarda, Laws v 92.28 Comm . cloch sairsi ┐ crann-sairsi, z. aithsceinm slisne oc . . . sairsi, 156.13 . ni hindister beos lón na biad occu acht a ḟádbad (= fagbad) Iosep for a sháirse ┐ Muri forá grés (carpenter's) craft, LB 142b13 . mo threlma saersi carpenter's tools, Todd Lect. vi 44.2 . rogab G. . . . oc s.¤ is oc snaide `masonry and carving', Metr. Dinds. iv 114.75 . sairsi `handicraft', Auraic. 5798 (name of a letter in `Dán-ogam'). an culaidh tshaírsi sin that workman's attire, BCC 60.25 . D. . . . do marbad d'oenbuilli do thuaig sairsi, Ann. Conn. 1228.2 . Of a written composition: dú inasṅdét de cithara inna ṡáirsiu, Sg. 103a1 . inna sáirse sin (g p.), 92b6 . denom ind ṡáirsi, 90a1 . treidhe n-airdirc arrecar do cach hsairsi . . . .i. loc ┐ aimser ┐ persu, Hib. Min. 3.89 = cech soirse, Harl. saoirsi .i. ealadha; sáoirsi na tána .i. ealadha na tána, O'Cl. fria saoirsi .i. ars .i. ealadha (aniu), MS. Mat. 573.26 (D. Mac Firbisigh) (cf. Geneal. Tracts i 5.7 ). ro foglaimsead da fear dec dia muindtir primdana . . . fria sairsi Mandtan . . . fria draidheacht, BB 19a11 . ro foghlaimsit saoirsi an du sin the arts of that place, CS 10.14 . ollamh sairsi Fer Manach uile chief craftsman of all the Fir M., AU iii 116.3 . Of the Creation: saoirse naomh go dearbh na dúile `a truly blessed work are the elements', Dán Dé xxxi 6 . toradh saoirse na seacht laitheadh (i.e. heaven and earth), x 15 .

2 slisne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 slisne or dil.ie/37967

 

n (2 slis) a chip, a splinter : aithsceinm s.¤ oc comad conda[id] ┐ sairsi, Laws v 156.12 . bile díghainn . . . ┐ gach s.¤ nobendais de, SG 68.30 (= slisiu, Moling 35 ).

súst, súist, sústa, súiste

Cite this: eDIL s.v. súst, súist, sústa, súiste or dil.ie/39332

 

Forms: sust

n (Lat. fustis) Perh. orig. ā, f., but form and inflexion vary considerably; apparently m. in Stair Erc. 465 .

Flail : flesc .i. suist, O'Dav. 833 (sust, v.l.). suist no sgiurse gl. tribula, Ir. Gl. 109 (sust, MS.). suisti gl. callidiba, 278 . bla susta aith `exemption in case of injury by a flail in a kiln', Laws iii 220.15 .i. slan a mbrisenn in tsuist isin aith, 16 Comm . aithsceinm suiste do lar, v 156.14 . larg a suisti `the handle of his flail', iii 106.15 Comm . susta `flail' (but prob. pl.), iii 264.14 Comm . in tsust, v 158.14 Comm . an tslis sginnes on tsaor . . . no na suisdi on buailtoir, O'Curry 295 ( H 3.18, 162 ). fer . . . na serre ┐ na susti ┐ na forchae ┐ ind claid `a man . . . for the flail', Mon. Tall. 16 (133.13) . amal sladar iasc mbrec for licc dergáin co sústaib iarind, LU 8655 ( FB 48 ). aicme muine: machad, gat, ngend, sust, rusc (Ogam tírda), Auraic. 5727 . luid i teach do thabairt a chranna, na susta ┐ in tseichi, Ériu v 34.15 . conarba ni ri mac oclaig . . . a dornd im suist `deigned to put his hand to a flail', Cog. 116.12 . na súistighesi, 2 Samuel xxiv 22 . ní búailtear an fiatghal lé súiste, Isaiah xxviii 27 .

Flail considered as weapon: béim búirid fri teora sústa iarnae, BDD² 1271 . eccla shústa duirn dīabuil fear of the flail in the hand of the devil, ACL iii 216 § 4 . cona trichait susti n-imtrom n-iarnaidhe, TBC-LL¹ 5613 . rogab suist ngaile a senat[h]ar i na laim .i. Satuirn, BB 430b29 . sústa sénta sen-garba (of devils), PH 8112 . suisti imreamar iarnaighi, CF 680 . suistedha, BNnÉ 99.19 v.l. (sústa, text). in sust foda fomordhae (n s.), Stair Erc. 465 . do toguib . . . in susta segmar seiniaraind, 1559 .