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1 aí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aí or dil.ie/714

Forms: áe, aiib

also áe. Poss. pron. 3 s. and 3 pl. all genders (see GOI § 444 ). his, hers, its, theirs: proprium .i. ái, Sg. 27a5 . ae .i. malorum gl. sui, Ml. 73b15 . huile bith ba hae hé (ba hai he, ba he aai, ba haoi ae, v.ll.) `the whole world it was his', ACC 19 . is ai talam ┐ muir `whose are earth and sea', Imr. Brain 15 § 27 . i ngait nádbi aí for the theft (of property) which is not his, Críth G. 218 . marob ar aile ín fir bed a ai do digsid `of the man whose property they are', Laws iv 126.2 Comm. eclas Dé bíi / léic díi anas n-ái `leave to her what is hers', Fél. 4.9 . With art.: a n-ái .i. a sainreth `its own i.e. what is proper to it', Sg. 29b3 . a ṅái gl. suum, 28a17 . genitiu aitrebthaig .i. sui .i. ind ái fo ṡodin, 209b5 . inna n-ae no ai gl. sui, Ml. 16d7 . inna n-ai gl. illorum, Sg. 198a16 . Preceded by unstressed form of the poss. in relative clause: intí bessa haí Cassel he to whom Cashel will belong, Anecd. iii 63.14 . aineclann cháich as a aí the honour price of each person who owns it (i.e. the mill), Críth G. 240 . bes a h-ai in fiach sin whose debt it is, Ériu xi 69.4 . Cf. neach le naigfedh me as a ae, ZCP iii 378.22 = neach len laighfed (.i. re cuirfedh) mé assa āe (.i. assi seilb), v 485.1 (B. na f.).

In Ml. the follg. artificial usages are Latinisms (see Thurn. Gramm. loc. cit.). The use of inflected pl. forms e.g. d p. aiib gl. de suis, 121b11 . The use of an unstressed poss. pron. before such pl. forms in order to distinguish his (pred.) from theirs e.g. á aii gl. (voluerit eos) suos (vocari), 92c10 . a n-aii gl. (né cupiditas dominorum sé) suosque (detereret), 121d15 . á aii .i. filios israhel gl. suos, 75c1 .

As partitive gen. (later replaced by de): aen n-ai one of them, Laws v 314.9 . cach áe, aí each of them: cach ae for alaill , Ml. 96b4 . nímmalle act is cach æ fo leith, Wb. 17d2 . ni sain cach hæ hi crist ni mó bríg cach he alailiu, 19c19 . cach hæ, 27b8 . cach næ (neut.), 12c46 . fri cach n-ae, Sg. 28b8 . do cach ae, 50a5 . cechae co cléir chredail / robet ocomm chobuir, Fél. Ep. 43 . la haithgein cach n-áe, Críth G. 225 . bés tige cach áe, 21 . i lláim cach hae, BDD² 1280 . cethrur cech æ, Fianaig. 12 § 13 . ar cech n-áe, TBFr. 24 . ar cech n-aí, 78 . magnificat la cach naí, Mon. Tall. 129.9 . do erslocad cach ai to open each of them, Hib. Min. 7.227 . ar cach ái, Metr. Dinds. iii 382.12 . Folld. by prep. DI: cech ae díb `each of these', Ml. 146a2 . cach hae díib son `i.e. each of them', Sg. 74b4 . cach ái díb, Mon. Tall. 161.7 . la cach n-oe díb, BDD² 897 . Note also: dus cia dhiobh no beith la gach ae uaidhibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 282.14 . cechtar n-aí each of (the two of) them: cechtar ái, Thes. ii 249.11 . dí laim cechtar n-ai im olaile, Trip.² 1768 . a charr ar bélaib cechtar n-a(e)i, Críth G. 592 . fo grúad cechtar n-oí, BDD² 995 . cechtar n-ái, TBC-LL¹ 5412 . la ceachtar n-ae díb with each of the two, BDD² 234 . tincsetar glinni cechtar n-aí díb, MU² 115 . indala n-aí (undeclined) one of the two,: togu indala n-ai `to choose one of the twain', Wb. 4c13 . indala n-aí . . . alaile, Trip.² 765 . elcuig indala næ, ruibidh alailiu, ZCP viii 105.11 . lasindara n-ōi, xiii 177.18 . indala haí is dub alaile (sic leg.) is find, BDD² 1302 . Without the art.: ar lēicse ala aī di arailiu, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ar nī frīth ala ai do thacru for one of the two could not be found to plead, 354 § 42. dá [n]dorus [n-]and — comla[e] ar ala n-aí, Críth G. 101 . na, nach áe any (with neg. vb. (none) of them: ni torban na áe mani bǽ desercc `none of them profiteth unless there be charity', Wb. 12b33 . na he gl. nullum, BCr. 43c1 (neg. vb. implied). co nā rogainn nach æ (na hé v.l.) ann, ZCP iii 452.7 . ni nach æ it is not any of them, Hib. Min. 198 . ní thairmescad nach ai alaile, LU 8566 ( FB 42 ). nechtar n-aí either of the two: o nechtar nái `from either of the two', Sg. 37b18 . ni ain nechtar náii `He will not protect either of them', Wb. 25d14 .

aidbliugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidbliugud or dil.ie/840
Last Revised: 2013

vn. of aidbligid. act of enlarging, increasing: prúll .i. a.¤ mōr ┐ mētugad, Corm. Y 1059 . cenmotat echtaircenela . . . tuccsat d'aidbliughadh a ttionoil `whom they brought to swell their muster', Leb. Gab.(i) 78.12 . tempul Arda Carna [d'aidhbliughadh] la Clarus, Ann. Conn. 1243.11 . ní do chaithrém Tuathail acht da aidhbhliughadh Fher mBolg atu ag cur na ccath-so síos to increase the fame of, Geneal. Tracts 62.14 . Cheville: aidbligthi (sic MS.) in scél a matter for boasting, SR 3051 .

Gramm. act of intensifying: aidbligod and hi comsuidigud, Sg. 216a3 . sens aidbligthe thechtas, 221b3 . di-cechlacēin is diultad, alaill is a.¤ , Corm. Y 418 . interiacht adbligthe hyperbolical (?) interjection, 118 (an interjection of aggrandisement Celtica xxv 93 ).

1 aile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aile or dil.ie/978
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: oile, eile, arch, aild, aile, aile, aill, aile, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, áili, aili, aili, aile, ailib, aile, aili, aile, aili, aili, a., n-aill, n-aile, éile, éle, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, aile, alaill, allail, alaill, alaili, alailiu, aili, alaaili, alaili, n-aile, allaili, aile, alaili, aili, alaile, holailiu, horaili, fulailiu, folaill, hualailiu, alaile, alaill, alaile, arele, lelele, alaill, aláil, araill, alaili, aláili, álaili, araili, áréli, alailiu, arailiu, alaili, aili, lialailiu, liala ailiu, aile, alailib, alaili, aréli, alaili, indala, indala, dondala, indala, indala, indala, all, AILE, ALAILE, arailiu, alailiu, alaile, (a)la, al(l)

In later lang. oile, eile other, one of two, second , pronominal used as adj. and noun. Inflected as io, iā -stem except in n a s. neut. (aill, see below). GOI §§ 486 ff. , Hamp, Études Celt. ix 477 (aill, arch. aild). Old-Irish forms. Stressed forms

(a) aile (as adj. follows noun; as subst. always with article or nach). As adj. n s m. aile, Wb. 12c46 . n. aill, 9c3 . a s m. aile, Wb. 9d31 . n. aill, 13a1 . g s. aili, Sg. 30a2 . d s. ailiu, Wb. 21a7 . ailiu, Sg. 30b4 . n p. áili, Wb. 12b1 . aili, 22d14 . a p. aili, Sg. 28a6 . g p. aile, Wb. 12b3 . d p. ailib, Wb. 12b11 . Fem. n s. aile, Wb. 10d18 . a s. aili, Sg. 189a8 . g s. aile, Sg. 188a12 . n p. aili, Sg. 22a3 . a p. aili, Sg. 191a2 .

n As subst. n s m. nach a.¤ , Wb. 20a10 . n s n. a n-aill , Wb. 4b24 . a s m. nach n-aile , Wb. 8a3 . éile, éle (influence of céile, GOI p. 308 ), 6a15 , 6c18 . a s n. na aill , Wb. 17c23 . g s. nach aili , Wb. 17b28 . d s. nach ailiu , Sg. 209b12 . a p. amal na heliu, Sg. 9b1 . ailiu gl. quos (nullos tepefacit sol), Ml. 94b20 . Fem. g s. inna aile , Thes. ii 15.42 (BCr.).

(b) With double stem ala aile, alaile, with dissimilation araile (with stress on -ail-) (as adj. precedes noun; as subst. does not take article or other proclitic, cf. Ped. Ériu xv 188 ff.).

As adj. n s n. alaill ṡain, Sg. 6b24 . allail (recte alaill , edd.) pronomen , 209b10 . g s. alaili thríuin, Sg. 96a4 . d s. alailiu chruth, Ml. 98d1 . n p. alá aili aidme, Ml. 89a9 . alaaili réta, Sg. 111b5 . a p. alaili dliged, Ml. 18c11 . g p. ala n-aile ndoine, Ml. 54a21 .

Fem. a s. allaili mbeasti, RC xi 446.1 . g s. ala aile aidme, Ml. 51c5 . d s. alaili tain gl. quando, Sg. 222b2 . n p. ala aili interiecta, Sg. 10a1 .

When used with a prep. ending in a vowel alaile sometimes drops its initial: holailiu, Ml. 80a2 . horaili, 2a6 . fulailiu (sic MS.), 102d2 . folaill, Laws iv 102.14 . But hualailiu, Ml. 40d17 . Sg. 25b12 . With la see substantival use infra.

n As subst. n s m. alaile, Wb. 6b20 . n s n. alaill , 7d11 . a s m. alaile, Wb. 5d15 . arele, 9c19 . With la: lelele, 16c24 . a s n. alaill , 4c33 . aláil, 12a10 . araill, 23b21 . g s. alaili, Wb. 4c13 . aláili, 12a34 . álaili, 13a9 . araili, Sg. 10a10 . áréli, Wb. 13a5 . d s. alailiu, Wb. 2a14 . arailiu, 21a13 . n p. alaili, Wb. 13a16 . ala aili , Sg. 215a1 . a p. with la, lialailiu, Ml. 14a4 (liaailiu, MS.). liala ailiu, Sg. 32b5 . g p. ala n-aile (gl. reliquorum), Ml. 37a21 . Sg. 201b15 . d p. alailib, Wb. 25b13 . Sg. 208b8 . Fem. a s. fri alaili , Sg. 202a4 . d s. aréli (see above), Wb. 8a7 , alaili, Sg. 189a7 . 212b3 .

In Bardic verse this form alliterates with words beginning either with r- or vowels: líonmhar dá reic re-roile, DDána 61.3 . sgol i n-ucht ar-oile ag ól, 103.25 .

(c) Unstressed forms (always adjectival preceding noun or aí, see below, and most usually with preceding article or cach). With article (both words indecl.) n s m. indala mmod, Ml. 45b11 . a s m. indala fer, Wb. 4c16 . d s. dondala lucht, Wb. 16c20 . n s f. indala chlas, Ml. 138d1 . g s f. indala rainne, Sg. 74b7 . a s n. indala lestar, Wb. 4c32 . With cach, usually cach la: cach la sel, Wb. 15d9 . cach le céin, Ml. 19c1 . Without art. somet. also all, see C I (a) below.

A. The form AILE.

I As adj. following its noun other, second: frituidecht a.¤ anísiu, Sg. 21b11 . pronomen naill, 197b17 . fogur na liter na.¤ , 4a8 . guidiu itge n-a.¤ , Fél. Ep. 413 . anní nail as much again, IT ii1 180.177 . cethri fogaetha a.¤ , SR 49 . immon michil lasin crosfigill-so immon muiri lasind crosfigell na.¤ immasech `with the next', Mon. Tall. 137.z (§ 28) . do nach raod aliu `to any other matter', 143.30 (§ 43) . isind le[i]th ailiu, Críth G. 591 (eliu, MS.). do c[h]ellaib elib, BColm. 62.20 . forsin triur aili `the other three', RC xxiv 174.10 . aisceda imda eili, Sc.M² § 4 R . Longínus in ainm ele, PH 673 . a dhuine dhiombuain eile, DDána 27.3 . céd eili d'uaislib `a hundred other nobles', IGT Decl. ex. 60 . ┐ ní eili and furthermore, Hy Maine 161.31 . beag oile as congnamh ré chois `little else', Dán Dé x 17 . aill with non-neut. noun: ro-lēcus-[s]a gaí n-aill cucut-su, Sc.M² § 13 . issin láim n-aill, MU² 543 . do thuc bulli n-aill, TBC-LL¹ 1998 . fecht n-aile (n-aill), úair a.¤ another time, on another occasion see fecht and 2 úar. Of future time, next, forthcoming: lathi n-and resint samḟuin a.¤ cind bliadna, LU 3298 ( SCC § 10 ). cosin caiscc naili `until the next Easter', Mon. Tall. 132.17 (§ 12) . nach (na) . . . a.¤ (aill) any other . . . : nábat nacha arm aili `let it not be any other arms', Wb. 11d14 . dochum nacha rainne a.¤ , Sg. 188a12 . indtan noteigdis nach leth aili, Mon. Tall. 129.18 (§ 6) . in nacha reduibh ailib, Ériu ii 106.9 . Masc. with neut. noun: huare nad fil na nert n-a.¤ , Ml. 29d5 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other, others etc.: cuit inna aine ┐ inna a.¤ of the one and of the other, Thes. ii 15.42 (Bcr.). amal na heliu `like the others', Sg. 9b2 . arus leth do fallaib an aill do doebdadaib `for half is due for the neglects, the other for the claimants,' Laws iv 126.21 Comm. mad a.¤ da lina beta olca folaid `one of two parties', ii 366.11 . ma a.¤ dá lína bes anfoltach, O'D. 565 ( H 3.17, 441 ). co ndearnadhsom in a.¤ chédna likewise, TFrag. 22.22 . mani tucad . . . ní din chéttadall ni bered a n-aill, Sc.M² § 1 . ní fargaib bennachtain ┐ ní thuc anaill (alali, v.l.), RC viii 52.25 . aroile . . . anaill the one . . . the other (ref. to léo), Grail 3399 .

(b) period of two days: a.¤ do mnaib . . . treisi do rig, Laws i 78.15 . nat ṡasai aena tar a.¤ `that one day should not be extended beyond two days', 120.18 . athgabail a.¤ itir uin ┐ treise rosmidir Sencha, 126.11 . cach athgabail a.¤ , 144.24 .i. for ata anad naili ┐ apad aili, 146.21 Comm. is for dail na haili, 146.12 Comm. athgabail a.¤ do ingin im comorbus a mathar, 146.y .i. ar ata anadh naili, 148.3. Comm. a.¤ déc space of twelve days (cf. a.¤ déc one twelfth , (g) infra): a.¤ do mnaib, a.¤ dec doib im roe, Laws i 78.15 .

(c) Frequ. a n-aill something else, anything else: nimbe anaild arbera bith `he has nothing else that he may eat', Mon. Tall. 146.16 (§ 50) . ind lethbairgin ┐ ind cethramtu nó anaild `the half loaf and the quarter or other quantity, 151.z (§ 63) , ní fogbat merdrecha Ulad a n-aill acht foraim én dóib, LU 3254 ( SCC § 5 ). it é do theoir ríagla / nítroib anaill bas diliu `have thou naught else dearer', Ériu i 194 § 7 . in fil anaill? ol Grigoir `is there anything else?' ZCP iii 30.21 .

(d) Hence with ocus, etc. furthermore: ┐ anaill forácbus[s]a . . ., LL 279a7 . ┐ anaill béus, iarfaig-siu and furthermore, ask . . ., TBC-LL¹ 1920 . ┐ dano a n-aill and úair ni chesend nech, LU 2654 . ┐ anaill niro tagaill . . ., Grail 2786 . Cf. similar use of araill: et araill aile dana béus, TBC-LL¹ 106 . ┐ araill and, dano, . . . ní fil rígain . . ., LU 4015 ( SCC § 46 ). araill ele bheós ro leth ainm . . ., AFM v 1858.z . ┐ araill ele nir bó siodhach . . ., vi 2052.10 .

(e) Uninflected aill . . . aill one . . . another, some . . . others (not found in O. Ir. Glosses): imrordus in rígraid / . . . / aill úas laithib lígdaib / aill fo díanaib déraib some . . . others, Fél. Prol. 23 . aill fir mair . . . / aill ingene húage `one of a mighty man . . . another of a virginal maiden', June 5 . áill fri cumaid . . . aill ele fri teichead (of persons), Alex. 309 . .lll. carpdech . . . aill bruitt budi aill bruit deirg `some in yellow mantles others in red mantles', RC xiv 412.8 . Hence adverbially partly . . . partly: aill is tóla catha crūach / aill is cōra cacha crích, ZCP xi 110 § 30 . go ruc in ingen leis aill ar áis aill ar égin, Ériu xi 46.13 . Cf. aill .i. aonfecht .. . ut est aill torla tres tochuired, O'Dav. 34 , Ériu xiii 15.11 .

(f) With nach any other: arna arroímatsom nach na.¤ `lest they should receive any one else', Wb. 14d37 . cen acaldaim nach aili, Sg. 153b7 . cen acomol naich aili do `without joining any other to it', 197b17 . nib écen na aill, Wb. 22d12 . ni gessid na aill act búaid precepte, Wb. 26a34 . ní epur na haill `I say nothing more', Sg. p. 217 marg. sup. (Thes. ii xxii). in fail na aill adcota[r] dam, Trip.² 1323 . cona bía cuit do nach ailiu i nHére, 2766 . do-bérad naill ( = na aill) would give something else, BDD² 276 . With partitive DI something else of: asbéram na aill diar ṅgnímaib, Wb. 17c23 . in fuil anaill d'ingantaib air?, Grail 2983 . Cf. aill do buadaib Duind C. andso something of the triumphs, TBC-LL¹ 1529 .

(g) In numerals (fractions). a.¤ déac one twelfth: oile dég f., IGT Decl. § 3 . oil a dég (oil dhég v.l.) lochdach, IGT Decl. § 14 . aili deac brotto `the twelfth part of a second', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). erpais Patraic aili deac Erend dó the twelfth part of Ireland, Trip.² 911 . `a.¤ dhéc the twelfth part, the Brehon's fee . Anglicé allayéag,' O'Don. Suppl. ni uil aile déc dosomh ┐ atá éiric a gubreite fairsium, O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ). da tecarthar ni da folaid cruid on breithemain, no ailedec, Laws i 234.17 Comm. diablad na aile dec, 234.18 Comm. no co thormaigi fa geall co roib aile dec, v 252.20 Comm. log a breithemnuis, aile dec, 212.22 Comm. Perh. also in: ni bhía an oile dēgsi am díaigh / nach foighe Ó Bríain d'éicsi úaim, IGT Decl. ex. 216 . barr na ngēg uile re n-idnaibh / uile dég gun fidhbaidh ortt (lochtach), ex. 225 . Cf. Kl. enair for dardain ail uathaid fuirre `the second day of the moon thereon', RC xviii 176.27 (Tig.). 284.2 . For ail dec 35.9 Stokes suggests reading ail uathaid.

B. The form ALAILE etc.

I As adj.

(a) other: aliud pronomen . i. is allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , Sg. 209b10 . cenn cridi ┐ alaaili réta `and other things', 111b5 . sech alaili dliged ┐ indliuchtu `apart from other sayings and meanings', Ml. 18c11 . imtech[t] Boinde . . . ┐ alanaile n-aband, AU i 308. 11 , cf. 330.4 , 374.4 . In later lang. neut. form somet. used after noun irrespective of gender: leth in moige . . . al-leth allaill, RC xi 446.52 . don taeb araill, Stair Erc. 782 . isin luing araill, Grail 2969 . isind láim anaill, TBC-LL¹ 1719 . Note also: adhaigh n-aill n-aile another night, BNnÉ 324 § 38 .

(b) Usually some, a certain (gl. quidam, aliquis): hualailiu chlausul gl. uelut in clausula, Ml. 40d17 . holailiu lon gl. quodam adipe, 80a2 . ainm alaili thríuin `name of a certain hero', Sg. 96a4 . alaill ṡain, 6b24 . hualailiu mud gl. quodammodo, 25b12 . con alailiu fogoir (leg. fogur, edd.) gl. aliquo `with some sound', 39a2 . alaili tain gl. quando, 222b1a . ac gūmāidim ala naile nairec ninganta falsely boasting of various wonderful inventions, Corm. Y 825 . cornan alaili cuislendach, `a certain piper Cornan', Mon. Tall. 131.23 (§ 10) . alaili fáith marb, Trip.² 1395 . di araile anmcharait, ACL iii 5.3 . aroile fer angid, PH 818 . doní . . . araile gaitt irisech `she commits a certain pious theft', BColm. 84.10 . i n-araile domnuch, ZCP iii 33.15 . ro indsaig araile carruic . . . ┐ ros buail, Grail 1435 . in araile locc i lLaighis `at a certain place', AFM ii 1066.3 . Cf. co aroile mainistir ecin, RC x 187.4 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other: ni ferr nech alailiu, Wb. 2a16 . ni áir do neuch molad alaili, 16a24 . is coitchen do cechtar de ainm alaili `the name of each is common to both', Ml. 14d12 . intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19d6 . tar cenn alanaile gl. aliorumuice, 95d9 . Sg. 201b15 . cenmathá dobrethir ┐ alaaili `except the adverb and other (parts of speech)', 71b17 . muidit secht catha ren Osseirgé for na Déise . . . asberat araile is tricha cath others say, Ériu iii 138.102 . in foirend is craibdige araile `the folk who are more believing than the rest', PH 6363 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . cach gabal tra issuidiu araile hisesam `every other division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 (§ 31) . gach clas ro claideadh do línadh do arbaim alaill do imbim the furrows to be filled alternately with corn and butter, Laws iv 98.14 Comm. drécht diib i nAidniu, araill diib oc Dubcechair, ZCP viii 305.30 . Hence alaile . . . alaile etc. (the) one . . . the other, another: biit alaili and rofinnatar a pecte rosíu (sic) docói grád forru alaili is iarum . . ., Wb. 29a28 . alaaili diib hi remthechtas . . . alaaili dano it coitchena eter remthechtas, Sg. 215a1 . Later araill . . . de is used of all genders: comérgit Ulaid araill díb . . . araill, LU 5017 . Cf. a dá grúad . . . co ndeirgi fola laíg ┐ araill eile co solusgili sneachta, BDD² 38 . Also when first part of phrase contains ind ala (infra).

(b) With idea of mutual action each other: con rochra cách a.¤ lit. that each may love the other (= that all may love each other), Wb. 6d1 . rosbennach cách dib elathain aroile, Fél. 4.20 . Eogan . . .┐ Oed . . . do marbad aroili, Ann. Conn. 1340.12 . ar bruinnib ┐ ochtaip aroile ┐ a chēile, Fl. Earls, 80.17 . Frequ. with prepp.: combad imned for araill domsa so that it should be trouble upon trouble for me, Wb. 23b21 . Cf. in peccath for arele, 9c19 . is ball cách dialailiu, 5d4 . ar a ndig cechtar dīb sech anaile (araile v.l.) so that they can get past each other (of two chariots), Corm. Y 1082 (96.11) . ni dernai nechtar n-ai olc fri araili, TBFr. 24.3 = fria chéile, 420 . ón tráth co roili, BDD² 1251 . lán ón orsain go ar-oile / an teach . . ., DDána 85.37 . casmhail a rún dá-roile, 92.6 . an ro loitseat Goill ┐ Geraltaig imo roile (roile) isan tansa `the injuries mutually done upon each other', AFM v 1734.15 . dīss derbrāthor dieroile `two . . . brothers', Fl. Earls 124.1 . ?asrean a ceile agh fo laill do `his neighbour shall give him another calf', Laws iv 102.14 Comm.

(c) somebody, something; a certain person or thing . In sg.: araill tra cairigedarsom there is a certain thing (?) (`there are other things now which he blames'), Wb. 25b9 . So also: [con]-secha alaill indib (`he corrects another thing in them'), 26c1 . aroile do lāmhoip S. Niclās `one of the hands', Fl. Earls 80.20 . ba ingnad liasna Fomoire alaill tarfas doib isin cath a certain thing, RC xii 92 § 122 . atpert aroile fris `a certain man', Stair Erc. 1449 . Note also: ara ara bélaib isin charput sin araile forseng fánfota forbrec a charioteer in front of him . . . and he was, LU 9274 . In pl.: is sí cétbaid alanaile `this is the opinion of some', Ml. 36a1 . circunflex la grecu for alailib diib, Sg. 208b8 . With DI: araill d'feraib Midi `some of the men of M.', RC xviii 23.31 . do deachaidh fein cona mac . . . ┐ ar oile dia mhuintir innte, Leb. Gab.(i) 242.26 . d'foraithmet araill dona neithibh remraiti, 272.6 . araill d'áes na cemenn sin, CCath. 86 .

(d) As adv. (d s n.) arailiu `otherwise', Wb. 21a13 (introducing an alternative explanation); cf. alailiu chruth gl. aliter, Ml. 98d1 . alailiu, Wb. 9a23 (see Bergin, Ériu xiv 29 ; xvii 1; Pedersen, Ériu xv 188 ). alaile, Anecd. iii 59.2 . araili .i. gne eile, Laws iv 68.3 . Perh. also in TBC-I¹ 1044 , TBC-LL¹ 1833 ff. (reading ... cadān co leith. Allaile (alailiu LU) dia tonda etc.) .

C. The form (a)la, al(l).

I As adj.

(a) other, one of two, second (in this use a `compositional prefix', GOI § 394 ): all-aidchi on another night, IT ii2 194.21 . alachéill in sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . Morc .i. ala flaith na Fomoire, Leb. Gab.(i) 80.30 . béra cend ríg alathúaithi lat, BDD² 727 . fria lesa alabrugh of other territories, O'Curry 454 ( H 3.18, 242a ). rogrād fir alathīre 'great love of a man of another land', Ériu ii 15 § 2 . ? nach for ala thire tí tarrassais 'that you did not abide upon the surface of another land', PMLA lvi 940 ( LL 37013 ). li ala lécuinn Saul `by one of S.'s cheeks', Ml. 55c1 . ala n-or di i teg, a n-aill fri sīn, Corm. Y 35 (aurso). ala thred dub alaili find, Anecd. i 57 § 58 . tēora blaī būirig . . . blaī mescae . . . alablaī dúnaid la túatha téchtai tecraiter the second exemption, ZCP xi 83.1 . cath Ocha alachath `the second battle', RC xiii 54.10 . ala-chor second contract, Laws ii 274.z . mád ala feacht iar mbrethaib forru `for the second time', 66.16 . See also under compds. and 1 al. See also under allabrig.

(b) With article ind ala one of two, (the) one (. . . the other) (see also B II (a) supra): dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn `one of the two teeth', Thes. ii 248.9 . arambé indala rann cen diall `that one of the two parts be undeclined', Sg. 74b6 . ind ala c. gl. praetermisit unam c (i.e. by writing hoc for hocc), 205b5 . co lluid tré scíath n-ete indala heóin one of the two birds, LU 3282 ( SCC § 7 ). doroigu ind ala fer . . . et romiscsigestar alaile, Wb. 4c16 . is léir dorigni indala lestar is dínnimu dongní alaill , 4c32-33 . ni coir dídnad dondala lucht et troscud dond lucht ailiu, 16c20 . īadais andala (indara, LU) sūil . . . asoilg alaile, TBC-I¹ 394 . benaid . . . Mac Cecht a chend dondala fir . . . ro boí in fer aile oc élúd, LU 7942 . Loch nE. dindala leith di ┐ Slíab C. dind leith ailiu, Trip.² 1957 . Later indara: indara láim dó fri ubull bragat in chon. dobeir araile fria chúl one of his hands, LU 5012 . indara fecht . . . canait ceol . . . in fecht n-aill contúaset fri ceól muintire nime, 1978 ( FA 5 ). is hé indara fer . . . ró an . . . Donnmal int aili, Trip.² 1521 .

(c) ind ala the second (cf. tánaiste): cengsat siar dind ara chur `for the second time', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . isin dara cét lá deidenach don ré `on the second last day of the term', Laws iv 136.1 Comm. Hence in compd. numerals: ala rann deac `one twelfth', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). issed indala nainmm déc the twelfth name, Thr. Ir. Gl. 25.9 = indara hainm, Corm. Y 750 . indala descipul lxx at the seventy-second disciple, Laws i 20.2 Comm. fir errainne co alasét sesed with sixty-two `séts' ZCP xii 361.21 . ?torad cach trethain ala cairrge, Laws v 484.2 (Comm. takes as all beyond). Cf. co treathan ala cairge no ala caire, O'Curry 20 ( H 3.18, 9a ).

(d) cach (a)la every other, every second: cach la céin . . . in céin naili sometimes . . . sometimes, Ml. 19b1, 3 . cachlacein `alternately', Mon. Tall. 146.29 (§ 52) . is i fescur cachlacēin / dlegar dīdnad dōib they are entitled to a meal on alternate days at vesper-time (of fasting regulations), ZCP xiii 29.14 . cach la sel dún for imrádud dé in sel aile for precept `at one time meditating on God, at another time preaching', Wb. 15d9 . ammarbad cach la sel iarum do a mbeogud indtale dia marbad `he continues alternately to mortify and revive them from their dying state', Mon. Tall. 147.16 (§ 52) . bó cona timthuch cech la blíadnai . . . colp[d]ach ḟirenn lee in mblíadnai n-aili every second year, Críth G. 266 . cach alablīa[dain] every second year, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.16 ). cach ara bliadain, Laws iv 140.29 Comm. druinech cechla bean / crecōir cechla fer, ZCP ix 170.17 . ate cuir treineacha la Feine cach la fear dia urgaire, alaili dia forngaire, Laws iv 54.13 . gach re n-am alternately, Dán Dé v 41 .

II n As subst. indala n-aí (invariable) one of the two: is dochu ind ala nái oldaas a n-aill, Wb. 4b24 . togu ind ala n-ái . . . damnad alaili `to choose one of the twain . . . to condem the other', 4c13 . ci atbela ind ala n-ái ni epil alaill , Sg. 30a3 . ind ala n-aí antúaid alaile andess, 67b22 . co n-accai in da mnaí . . . indala n-ai brat úaine impe alaili brat corcra, LU 3285 ( SCC § 8 ). elcuig indalanae, ruibidh alailiu, ZCP viii 105.11 . da fítt . . . inddala hí do tabirt do Día . . . araile do tomailt fadein, Mon. Tall. 161.10 (§ 80) . Later also ala (n-)aí: ar lēicse ala aí di arailiu, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ni frith ala ai do thacru, 354 § 42 . dá [n]dorus [n]-and—comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu, Críth G. 101 . bōthar, talla dā boin fair .i. alanāi for fot alaile for tarsnae, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.17 ).

COMPDS. cosnamach fri hailecricha, Ériu viii 173.28 . i n-ailithír, Trip.² 2033 . asna hailithírib foreign countries, TTr.² 1747 (cf. ailithir). aile máthair, Sg. 152a2 (not treated as compd. by GOI § 394 . Perh. infl. by the Lat. altera mater). See also C I (a) above.

ailigud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ailigud or dil.ie/1027

vn. of ailigid. act of changing, alternating: Cf. oileachadh, IGT Verbs § 106 (244.5) hua a.¤ gl. alternatione, Ml. 114d7 . do a.¤ foguir fri alaile, Sg. 59a1 . i n-ailigthiu .i. is cotarsnae cech ae díb fri alaill gl. alternationes, Ml. 146a2 - 3 . inna ailichthiusa gl. has alternationes, 19b15 .

attoíbed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. attoíbed or dil.ie/4950
Last Revised: 2019

[u, m.] vn. of at(t)oíbi act of adhering: arind atoibiud nephetarscarthu gl. pro indiuisa adhessione, Ml. 54d3 . cuit atoíbthe partial adherence, Sg. 29b15 . is cuit atóibthe huare rombí cechtar de sech alaill gl. quasi semper adhaerens, 18 . is airi atá attoíbad inna cille fri alaili ┐ airchindach Gránairt órdness cenn caillech do grés hi Cluain Brónaig dependence of one church on another, Trip.² 999 . Pedar ag a n-athtaoba / doc[h]um an éoil escorting them(?), ZCP viii 216 § 78 . cenēl Crōchnae in cethramad prīmaiccme Hūa mBairrchi, is fri Hū Breccāin a tōebud (a n-atāebad, v.l.), Corp. Gen. 47 (121b5)​​ .

attrab

Cite this: eDIL s.v. attrab or dil.ie/4959
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aittreb, atreba, -btha

o, n. vn. of ad-treba. Later aittreb, ā, f. Cf. g s. atreba, Laws iii 388.13 Comm. (leg. -btha?).

(a) In Ml. and Sg. glossing Lat. possessio, possessiuum: ní nuae ṅdo ana.¤ sin gl. non . . . uelut nouellam habet possesionem, Ml. 17b5 . cach la drécht diib is atrab alaill ní atrab . . . is inrecht dano a n-atrab nisin ref. to haec quoque inter possessiuorum species posuimus, Sg. 38b8 . is ciall ind ildatad ind atraib file inddib ref. to possessiua quidem egent adiunctione nominum ad plenam significationem, 198b3 . arrainn indatraib atrebthar and ref. to meus, etc., a19 . dondatrub, gl. possessiua uero transitiua sunt, b10 . is ecrichthe a n-atrab ┐ ní fintar cid attrebthar and conducthar nomen fris gl. infinitae possunt intellegi possessiones, 200b13 .

(b) act of taking possession of, occupying: i n-aittreb do thigi, ina folomrad, Laws i 162.24 (`squatting?' Plummer MS. notes). ? arus arach ┐ atrabh iar sin, iv 104.4 Comm. fir Hérend . . . do aitrib for tíre, MU² 931 (LU). is ann robúi i tarngaire do aitreab a chille to take possession of, Fen. 112.5 .

(c) act of inhabiting, living (in), dwelling (in) (us. with obj. gen.): ni síratrab act is cuit fresligi gl. adiacet mihi, Wb. 3d4 . bad atrab ná bad cuit tadill gl. uerbum christi habitet in uobis abundanter, 27b25 . lécsit lúth co ṅáni / ar bithaittrib rígi in order to dwell for ever . . ., Fél. Oct. 8 . cléchtait méirlig . . . atréb and, Trip.² 1847 . do bithaitreb pene, LU 1405 . síraittreb flatha nimi, 2283 ( FA 34 ). boi oc aitreb innte, PH 938 . in Craeb Ruad gan curaid . . . 'ga ro-aittreib, MR 218.4 . uair nirbo maith a aitreb thoir tar eis Ḟlidaisi, Ériu viii 175.31 = a trebad, 12 . péist aitribh an fhuaruisge, O'R. Poems 205 . cin aitrib hi Sil Muredaig orra they could no longer live in S. M., Ann. Conn. 1237.2 .

Hence gramm. locative case: fer a ainmniugud . . . i fiur a aitreib, Auraic. 1518 = a aitreb, Goid. 73.14 . na bia in tregdad cen [ind] aitreib, Auraic. 1725 .

(d) In concrete sense dwelling, habitation, house: abid a.¤ do dia infectso gl. in habitaculum Dei, Wb. 21c8 . donaib atrabaib saindilsib gl. reuersus ad propria, Ml. 47b14 . fuidir foxail a aithrib (sic) `who has removed his habitation', Laws v 360.14 (taken as d pl. of athair, Ir. Recht 73 ). ó aitrebaib teinntidhi an mhara `les demeures enflammées de la mer', RC xxiv 378.7 . iar ndēnam atruib, Ériu iii 138.87 ( iar nd. a naittreib, Cymmr. xiv 114 § 14 ). imaittreib (leg. imba attrub; immarthrub, v.l.) doib alla aniar hi Commur Tri n-Usce when they settled, Cymmr. xiv 114 § 14 , Ériu iii 138.6 . lucht uaislighthe th'aitreibhe, DDána 81.35 . aitreabha an ḟine Ulltaigh / tighe slaitgheala slinntigh, IGT Decl. ex. 11 . a aitreabh ┐ a áras, Desid. 6201 .

cían

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cían or dil.ie/9003
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cén, cíana, cíana, chíana, ciana, cían, céin, céin, géin

Arch. cén ( Ériu ix 48 § 23 , xvi 146.7 below). The follg. may contain a by-form cíana: ed cíana , Harl. 5280, 42b (cited Meyer Contribb.), TTr.² 499 , hi tir chíana , Trip.² 1438 , if not attrib. gen. of the abstract cíana, q.v. Cf. also cu ciana , LL 13576 ( Irish Texts i 33.10 .).

I As adj. o, ā long, enduring; far, distant : c.¤ .i. fada, O'Cl. Attrib. of time: ho etartetarcur cián `at a long interval', Ml. 88d13 . sechmadachta ṅ-ocus ┐ c.¤ , Thes. ii 229.26 . fri ed cián for a long time, TBC-LL¹ 1846 . íar n-aimseraib cíanaib, Imr. Brain 17.12 . ra charusa in laech út uair chéin for a long time, TBC-LL¹ 4560 . loc dam-sa . . . co hūair chéin, ZCP viii 312.2 . tri rei ciana `for a long time', Ml. 90d14 . iar reib cianaib, Ériu xvi 36.5 . dolodar . . . filid . . . riab cianaib iarsna gnimaib-sea (`a little time'), Auraic. 149 = reib chianaiph, 2452 . roan . . . fri ré ciana = multis diebus, Lat. Lives 4.9 . bui iarum imale fri Fergus re ciana, Ériu xvi 37 § 1 . fria rē ciana, Grail 629 . bai cocad mor etarro fri re ciana iarsin, RC xxiv 186.9 . le headh gcian, Aithd. D. 52.5 .

Of place: i crīchaib cīanaib, ACL iii 224.20 . adclos ua na (fana v.l.) crichaib ciana comaidchi, TTebe 694 . écndairc cian ut ille gl. absenti, Sg. 138a2 . i cendachaib cianaib in domain, PH 5500 . tancatar a tirib ciana, 5497 .

Of persons: Colmān cian of yore, Corp. Gen. 126.2 . Conán máol coinntinneach c.¤ `wearisome (?)', Duan. F. ii 258 § 37 . Corpre comramach c.¤ (: fírian), LL 15741 . Nial c.¤ Caille `old', Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 42 .

Other applications: ce beo i tairisium chian, Airne F. 138 . gidh céim c.¤ , BS 120.15 . faghail chian distant, Magauran 4396 . in cú ch.¤ (: níad), LL 29333 .

Predic. with copula, usually long (of time): ni ba cián ṁbete oca cloinib, Ml. 28a10 . nipi c.¤ a masse in choirp lasting , Wb. 28c25 . ni ba cian mbias in pecthach, Ml. 56c22 . ni ba cián ṁbete and, 66d14 . is cián arfolmas dún in sin, Wb. 21a2 . as cian do rairngredh, Blathm. 127 . is cian bus cuman, TE 9 (Eg.). domun dīan / cia bether fair nī ba cīan, ZCP vii 498.5 . cian bhus bladh, Aithd. D. 21.36 . as cian ata an sean-fhocal, MR 286.21 . Of space: is c.¤ etarru `far', Ml. 119d10 . im fochróib bá c.¤ `whether at hand or afar', Sg. 151b2 . ré nách c.¤ , LU 1992 ( FA 6 ).

In phrases. is c.¤ co it is long till (freq. with neg. shortly, soon): niba ch.¤ (leg. c.¤ ? Edd.) cu forcenn á saiguil gl. instare tempus, Ml. 56d7 . níbí cian conid apail, 91d2 . mad c.¤ co tari a fobdhub if it is not immersed quickly (a spear), BDD² 1237 . nirbo chian co toracht C.C. in sligid cetna, LU 8530 ( FB 39 ). nir-bo chian do Chonchobor . . . co facca, CRR 11 . ní cian . . . co teccema frit-sa é, Grail 2665 . Note also: nir cian d'Ercuil . . . in tan nocunnuic in rí E. soon saw, Stair Erc. 463 .

is c.¤ ó it is long since, far from. Of time: is c.¤ ós accobor lemm far ríchtu I have long wished to come to you, Wb. 7a3 . is cian . . . o rot carus, Grail 2359 . robo cian o nach facca-som iad, 1550 . mairg nach cian ó dchualabhair, Content. xi 4 . cian ód cualadh, Keat. Poems 1357 .

Of place: ni cian huaib imbíat `not far from you where they are', Mon. Tall. 151.9 . ni c.¤ úait here he is, IT i 71.20 . is c.¤ uait . . . airm in-das-fil, TBC-LL¹ 884 .

In disjunctive phrases with gar: cid c.¤ cid gair gl. quanto tempore, Wb. 3c5 . cēn gair cech fān imthéit lēn `sooner or later every wanderer comes to grief', Ériu ix 48.23 . cian gar dom beith it ingnais `whether I be a long or short while away from thee', LL i p. xvi 11 . c.¤ garit co bráth, 307a8 ( SG 386.18 ). gēr c[h]ian gar, ML² 156 . As quasi-conjunction however long, as long as, while : cián gar ro batar for innuropair sin, TBC-LL¹ 2038 . cien goirit boi C. ig a díchur dhe, 2302 . co na baoí tesbhaidh neith . . . cian gairitt battar hisuidhe, AFM vi 2276. 11 . cid c.¤ gairit ro bás . . . atrochair . . . , Acall. 4736 . cian gar co toirset nóim ind until (?), 2673 (cid cian gairit no co tí, v.l.). See 1 gar.

With prep. LA: rochīan limsa anad fri sodain I am not prepared to wait that long, TBC-I¹ 375 = c.¤ lim-sa di shodain, TBC-LL¹ 881 . ba cian lasin righ boi an t-ara tall, BNnÉ 323 § 33 . cian lem . . . / tren tucc fa toirrsi m'aignedh it grieves me(?), 254.21 . fada ar saoghal d'éis na bhFian / ní cneasta ná badh cian linn if I did not find it tedious, Measgra D. 71.22 . cíen liom 's ní ar a ghrádh `I long for', Duan. F. ii 162 § 28 . Note also: is c.¤ dúni beith acot irnaidi, TBC-LL¹ 991 .

Adv.: in ch.¤ gl. diu, Ml. 38b4 . Cf. níbu in c.¤ (níbuncían, MS.) riam gl. non multo ante, 32b17 . ro clos cian son a garma `far', Thes. ii 312.16 (Hy. ii) glossed: fo Herinn. co c.¤ dar éis na haband `till long after', Metr. Dinds. iii 168.20 . co cíen `continuously', Ériu xix 10 § 5 . iar tochaithem a bethad dó . . . co cian i fhechtnaigi, PH 4296 .

II As subst. ā, f. (elliptical for ré c.¤ , Zimmer KZ xxx 26 - 27 ). a long time, period : triasna cíana cotaislia .i. trisin ré cian, LU 985 - 6 ( ACC 90 ). is cian mór ó 'tbaltsa, 9496 . baoi cian d'aimsir ag coimhmeasgadh flaithis na Rómha `a length of time', Keat. i 226.19 . mainistear . . . do bhí cádhasach cian d'aimsir, iii 1345 . In: re cian do bhliaghnuibh, Párl. na mB. 390 and re cian d'aimsir, Parrth. Anma 6000 re (see 1 ré) may be noun and cían adj. le cianaibh for ages, Hackett² 21.15 . Of distance: is c.¤ do thír már do muir / eturru is Imlech Ibair, ZCP viii 327.36 . In cheville: céin n-gle `temps glorieux', RC xvii 282 § 6 .

In a variety of adv. phrases. Without prep. (cach la céin) . . . in céin n-aili: cach la céin aisndís dia throgai in céin n-aili aisndis dind fortacht durat Dia do at one time . . . at another, Ml. 40b8 . in céin n-aili `at another time', Sg. 8a9 . in céin n-aili gl. nunc, Ml. 39d12 . Cuaird Comgi Michíl, Cuaird Comgi Muire a n-ainm laisim i cen n-ale (of Hymn to Michael and Hymn to Mary) `respectively', Mon. Tall. 137.20 . Note also: dī-cechlacēin is diultad, alaill is aidbliugud, Corm. Y 418 . nach céin (with neg. vb.) any long while: arna bether ocu nach cein, Mon. Tall. 164.17 (§ 89) . ní beind nach céin i ndamnad, KMMisc. 212.11 . See also 1 nach. Various: atat connarc cein `long ago', Blathm. 102 § 38 (if not céin = féin, cf. tá chéin, for M. Milscothach silence a while(?), BDD² 447 ). is cīan mór hūadh ō dac[h]ótar mo chíghi-si i ndīsca, Cáin Ad. 8 . cian mór uadh `long ago', CCath. 4067 . ro-haidnaiced is cian uad `long ago', PH 657 . do foillsighed dó c.¤ suil do thicfed long before he was due, BNnÉ 328.22 .

For céin mair (with céin used as preverb, GOI 241 ) see maraid. Note further: cein do mhair, Blathm. 207 and n. to 825 . canais moir, 34 , see n. to 133 . can mair in clercin `long life to the little cleric', Ériu v 236.74 . cēnmair Ulltaib, TBC-I¹ 3424 = bochin Ultu, TBC-LL¹ 5748 . bo chinmaír rissa ṅ-gebat, 5707 = cen mair, TBC St. 4709 . Cf. nī gcēinmair doraa an māin (.i. ní mogenar dochonnaic an eladha), ZCP v 488 § 7 (B. na f.). céin mair seems to have influenced céin móir in later language occasionally giving céin máir (see below).

With CO: co céin móir for a long time, LU 5230 ( TBC-I¹ 752 ).

With DI from of yore, long; from afar : ba di chein `from of yore', Blathm. 98 . do-arrchet di chéin no mbiad adrad dǽ la genti gl. sicut scriptum est, Wb. 6d8 . o Adam co dilind dein / in chet-aimser daib dichen, Lec. 30 vb10 . is do chéin gid so afar, TBC-LL¹ 4689 . can dodeachaig? . . . ní do chein, YBL 174a40 . boi . . . Petur i cómitecht Ísu do chéin, PH 3135 . do chéin mair anall, 7046 (see céin mair above). do ch.¤ nó do c[h]omhfhogus `from far or near', Duan. F. ii 62 § 12 . Also in pl.: robadar cethtri cridiscél liom-sæ de chianaib `I have long had four darling wishes', Mon. Tall. 136.20 . As quasi-adj.: sen-briathar do chéin `from of old', Celtica iv 10.41 . Tuatha De Danann dochein, Lec. 58a10 = BB 31a41 . ar ṡeirc ind óclaích . . . di chéin, LL 31153 ( TTr. 336 ).

With ÍAR: in chaingnímai aili is iar ceín rofinnatar after some time, Wb. 29a30 . iar cein, PH 1024 . iar cein shortly, Aisl. Tond. 105 § 3 . íar cēin móir, BColm. 70.18 . iar ccein máir iarsin, BNnÉ 90.24 (see céin mair above). iar ceín mair, BB 18a49 . iar sin iar cenmair, Ériu viii 174.33 . iar cen mair do Th. . . . co faca, Aisl. Tond. 106 § 5 . ier cēin mhāir `a long time ago', Fl. Earls 208.30 . Note also: cu-du-boing cein (.i. iar cein) comarba curu, Bürgschaft 21.4 (for féin ?).

With I N-. For variety of forms cf. rachad a ccéin ┐ a ccíana ┐ a ccíanuibh, Bard. Synt. Tr. 26.19 . indtan noteigdis i céin `when they went a long distance', Mon. Tall. 129.21 . taig drochcarad hi céin (proverbial saying), BDD² 58 . fer bis a cein, Anecd. i 15.1 ( SCano 501 ). dā ndeachaid Congal a ccéin, ZCP viii 109.1 . seisrech . . . a toigheacht a gcianaibh cuige, BNnÉ 186.26 . i gcéin 's i ngar, 51.14 . Note also: rolaus cian i cein / ardo charait i mbrón, LL 18615 . As quasi-adj.: créd agaibh aoidhigh a gcéin `from afar', Studies 1924, 241 § 1 . Rarely of time: ní tualaing ionchoisiod i ccéin i gcuimhne for long, Ériu xiii 29.11 . With ocus: imb i céin fa i n-accus beo-sa, Wb. 23b41 . i ceín ┐ i n-ocus, Thes. ii 356.20 (Hy. vii). cid i cein, cid a focus, Laws i 240.17 Comm.

With ó. ó chéin from of old, long ago : iarsindi ro-n-an hua céin di aisndis dun popul gl. tam longum `after he had ceased a while', Ml. 126b1 . F . . . . atbath ó céin, Trip.² 1513 `long ago', Trip. 133 . is mé ro baeglaiged ó chéin, LU 3921 ( SCC 44 ). Bretain o chéin rodochumdaigset the B. had built it long before, Anecd. iii 70.2 . ós é sin ó chéin ar nós `our ancient custom', Content. xxviii 71 . [Críst] roncuinnig ō chēin chain, ZCP iii 18.27 . o chein mair anall, PH 3422 . ó chíanaibh just now, lately, already: fotdāilfind a nilparttib ō chīanaib acht nīpad Fergus (C.C. to Etarcomal), TBC-I¹ 1198 . mac na trí curad at-rubart a (= ó) chíanaib, MU² 679 . ticbatis Herind o chianaib they would have reached Ireland a while ago, Snedg. u. Mac R 13.9 . leis an íairmbérla adubhart ó chíanuibh just now, IGT Introd. 30.18 . Used as quasi-adj. recent, just mentioned : int urchar o chianaib `the cast just now', TTebe 2087 . is don drochgaidhilg o c[h]ianaibh é above mentioned(?), IGT Metr. Faults287 § 130 . gach re cuidechta a cianaib every other company mentioned, BCC 384.21 .

As n. pr. m. tochomladh Céin a Caisil, Anecd. ii 46.18 . See also Corp. Gen.

III As conjunction

(a) (in) céin (later also i céin , géin ), céine (for) as long as, since, when . Folld. by nasalizing rel. clause in O. Ir. (see GOI 553 ) and in later language also with follg. rel. clause (see Duan. F. iii 44 n.l . ). cein mbith oc ic, Blathm. 39 . cein ba dibh amhatair `since His mother was of them', 103 . ceín rongabus i carcair `so long as I am in prison', Wb. 23b18 . cene ṁ bether in hac uita , Ml. 107d8 . cene conmesarsa olseseom ┐ céne connoither mo thimnasa `as long as I shall give rules . . . and as long as my injunctions are observed', Mon. Tall. 129.29 . cen bai Cormac beo, Ériu xvi 84.101 . céne (cean a, MS.) forcomédaidh fírinni, 65.21 . céin mbete i llucc irnaigdi / céne mbess coic fíal findbalc, iii 104 § 34 . i céin ra búi seom aice-sain, TBC-LL¹ 2956 = an ccein, TBC St. 2564 . hi céin bae Issau ic triall dont ṡeilcg, Celtica iv 8.20 . in cen bes coir dib, Laws i 136.10 Comm. i céin raibh nemh is talamh while heaven and earth last, BNnÉ 314 § 8 . in cein do bas arin cuirt `while this assembly was in session', Ann. Conn. 1228.5 . in gein ronbuí 'na bethaidh, Duan. F. i 55.8 (`a pseudo-archaism', iii 44). géin bhus beo, Content. ii 42 . ? Cf. cen bad buidech, Metr. Dinds. iii 192.35 (leg. céin, Corrig.).

(b) céin co until: cein conid ris `till I reach him', Blathm. 102 § 42 . an frim céin córda sille, LU 3807 ( SCC 37 ). céin co tí . . . don chath, 5872 ( TBC-I¹ 1403 ).? ní béra demon díb nech / cen corop (leg. cor'p) óg nó aithrigech `while they are perfect', BColm. 52.7 . céin co n-ebar in fín nua imalle frib (words of Christ at Last Supper), PH 2995 . céin go dtarrastair .i. no go dtarla, O'Cl. gen gar muig rempu till they won the victory, BNnÉ 310.12 . Exceptionally with art.: in céin co roiscc in ceilebrad, Grail 1790 , ? Cf. cen co tola, Fing. R. 181 (see n.).

COMPDS. With nouns: iar ccianaois, AFM ii 640.12 . cienaimser ria n-a thōgbāil, Fl. Earls 110.15 . a chisde na gcianbhann lúidh (to a prince), DDána 79.27 `O thou who art skilled in the old valour feats', Ir. Monthly 1921, 247 . ? Colla Uais uas chianbla chain, LL 15753 . tochombaig Ciannacht cianbruige, Laws iv 8.17 `C. has recovered distant lands', Celtica vi 227.5 . i cind chían-chóicthigis, TBC-LL¹ 2050 (as two words LL 9331 and so also at 22815 ). ní ro chumaingsiot a chianchosnamh fris in lion sloigh, AFM vi 2026.9 . bud fata bas chianchuman, LL 7822 ( TBC-LL¹ 294 ). co crich cinnte . . . cein-eisergi caich, MR 264.5 . a gcáoile ┐ a ccíaneitche, Ériu v 80.12 . hí cíanfoccus at some little distance, BDD² 626 . dála . . . catha chianfhoghla, DDána 83.8 . clogat . . . cianḟulaing, MR xiv 21 . ar gcabhra i gciainimneadh, Aithd. D. 76.8 . cichsot cēnmuir `shall advance to the distant sea', Ériu xvi 146.7 .

With adjj.: isin set cianfotta, BB 240b15 . tellach dá dechmad / cíanramar `long and solid(?)', Celtica vi 221. 11 ( Laws iv 4.18 ) = cennramar, O'Curry 846 ( H 3.18, 384b ). With adjj. derived from nouns: seanoir cianaosda, MR 42.6 . sein leabar cianáosta, Gorm. p. xviii . a chloidhiomh . . . cianainignech destroying far and wide, MR xiv 24 . clanna cianairgnecha Cuirc, Caithr. CC 81 . do Macc cían clothach `far-renowned', BDD 157 . rosc corrglas cianradarcach, BB 427a36 . níor bhó cianṡaoghlach somh iar ngairm tighearna de, AFM vi 1996.9 . do bhuidhin chuirthe ciainsiublaigh, AFM vi 2318.7 . deaghmhac cian-teasdach Conchubhair far-famed, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 177.w . an chloch cian tuinigte `enormous', AFM vi 2012.11 . ben bhocht chumhthach chíantuirseach, Ériu v 80.5 .

3 de

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 de or dil.ie/14789

Forms: de, de

pron ( dé, SCC § 8 , § 33 . FB § 73 . LU 44 a 15 . Laws i 294. 29 ) of the two, in connection with interrogative and dual pronouns; in Mid.-Ir. gradually replaced by díb. Identical with the preposition (opp. Stokes Bezz. Beitr. ix 89 ); as the dat. dual never differs from the d pl., de probably includes no suffixed pronoun. cia de: coartor autem e duobus .i. ciade dogega which of them (the two) I shall choose Wb. 23 b 33 . nochan fes cia de dodellui araill .i. nochan fes cia díb asa helodh leiges ria chéile, O'Dav. s.v. dellui . cia de is mó...aer nó in talam, SR 7925 . cechtarde, cechtar de, later cechtarda each of the two, either of the two, both . cach la sel dún for imrádud Dé in sel aile for precept. ar seirc Dæ dogniam cechtarde, Wb. 15 d 9 . cosc for cechtarde, ib. 19 c 21 . briathra áildi la cechtar de fri alaile ┐ menmae togáise calleic la cechtar de, Ml. 31 a 24 . in alterutroque .i. la cechtar de, ib. 31 b 3 b . mutuo fallantur et fallant .i. cechtar de alaile, ib. 31 b 4 . hi cechtar de, 39 b 2 . huare rombí cechtar de sech alaill , Sg. 29 b 18 . cosmilius fri cechtar de, ib. 188 b 5 . cechtar dé, LU 44 a 15 . oc cechtar de, Laws i 44. 12 . i cechtar de in each case ib. 94. 23 . for cechtar de, 116. 7 ; 146. 5 f.b. (either of the two). slán a cechtur de safe from both, ib. ii 60. 21 . do cechtair (sic) de, ib. 164. 21 . c. de, TTr.² 499 , &c.—de in enclisis gradually lost its force as an independent word, until about the middle of the 9th century it was confused with the adjective suffix -de and inflected as a stem in -io, d becoming broad after the preceding r. For cechtar de cechtar díb or cechtardae díb now became more usual. utrumque luminare .i. in lésbaire cechtar dae se .i. sol ┐ luna each of these two luminaries, both these l. Ml. 121 c 23 . utraque: ithe inso inna cechtardai these are the two (things) ib. 122 c 9 (n pl. n.; the corresponding sing. PH 7974 : ó dogéna Dia in cechtarda sin). alternos inter se sonos uidentur confundere .i. fogur cechtar de ar alaliu, Sg. 4 a 8 . ithé sidi nad techtat innairdegnúsigud cechtar de that do not possess either signification ib. 77 a 6 . araill dona longaibh cechtardhaibh some of the ships on each side CCath. 1967 . in eclais cechtarda, PH p. 574 (of the two churches, the earthly and heavenly). Followed by gen.: sé sgripuill cechtarde in dá oidche for each of the two nights Laws ii 134. 1 . Ísu do ṡuide for cechtarde na dá ech, PH 4458 . —cechtardæ díb: trian ó cechtur de dibsium a third from each of these Laws ii 144. 23 . ulcha fota for cechtarde díb, PH 3094 . dá cét con ac cechtar de díb, Acall. 2636 . ib. 6906 .—nechtarde, nechtar de, later nechtarda either of the two, after negation neither : ni rubi nechtar de cen alaill neither of them can be without the other Wb. 11 c 17 . ní lour less nechtar de mani bet a ndiis, Ml. 35 d 24 . nechtarde, Sg. 37 b 19 . nechtar de, 173 b 6 . nechtar dæ, Ml. 42 b 2 . Followed by a ndiis, ib. 14 c 4 . nechtardae díb: nechtarde díb, Laws ii 406.26 Comm. , corresponding to the nechtar nae in the main text. muna fuil nechtar de díb and, ib. iii 210. 17 . munob dána (sic leg.) re nechtarde díb, ib. v 328. 2 f.b. nechtar de díb, TBC-LL¹ 3720 . —nech de: aire nislaimed nech de: acht Nechtain sa deogbaire, LL 191 b 34 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 30. 49 ); seems = nech díb (Gwynn).—indala de (indara de)...alaile (araile, a chéile) one of the two...the other, corresponding to the indala nái of the Glosses. ma tá ceann in dara de ag tiachtuin fui (sc. in cunnrud) if the chief of one party is for impugning it Laws ii 292. 8 f.b. dliged tabartha dilsis in ara de ┐ dliged fríthe dilsidis araile, ib. v 336. 5 f.b. indara de...a chéli (not voc.), TTr.² 1767 . Laws ii 342. 17 .

1 dī ̆-, dē̆-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dī ̆-, dē̆- or dil.ie/15840

Forms: dí-, de-, dí-, dé-, de-, dim-, di-

Negative prefix before nouns, adjj., participles, verbals of necessity, and verbs: di- cech la cein is diultad, alaill is aidbliugud, Corm. Y 418 . Before consonants usually dí- (díchoisc, dígraiss, dílmain, etc.). Cf. déinmech (dí-gnímach). de- + ro gives a new prefix der-, q.v. Before vowels the form varies. dí-: díármithe, díainme, díaisndísiu, (all from O.Ir. glosses). díorpus (orba), Trip.² 1525 . With elision: dairmitiu, dermitiu (1 airmitiu), denim (ainim, also díainim unblemished), deithbir (aithber), delam (alam), deinmne (ainmne), dergnaid (érgnaid), dindell (indell) Before f-: dífulacht, diulacht (1 fulacht), díḟulaing, díulaing (fulang), díḟuráil (furóil), dífholaig (fulach). Diarmait, Dermait (format) (the earliest exx. are written thus but in later lang. Díarmait). dē̆olaid (folad) (deolid in Wb.: Eogain, LL). dē̆orad (dí-fo-rath) (no early rhyming ex., deóra: feóla, Met. Dinds.). dé-, de- in nonce-compds. to translate Latin de-: déainmmneichthech denominatiuum, dechomsuidigthe decompositum. désetaige gl. (vita) devia. See GOI §§ 831 , 873 . Lenites follg. initial. cenn, however, has its c mutated to g, e.g. dícenn, dígenn headless man (see O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 140 ). Before b the prefix takes the form dim-; dimbáeth (1 báeth), dimbág, dimblad, dimbláith, dimblas, dimbocc, dimbraig (bríg), dimbríg, dimbras, dimbuaid, dimbuan, dimda (2 buide). Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 214 , regards this as a development of di- before ml, mr spreading by analogy. GOI p. 543 , suggests that it may be a different prefix. Note also dimmolaid (molaid) disparages. Most freq. used with nouns to form adjectival compds. In these compds. o-stems and ā-stems generally take i-inflection, e.g. díaistir (aister), díaitrib, díáraig, díchéill, díchomlaind, díchuind, díradairc. Occasional exceptions are: díchomond (commann), díchondelg, and díoḟaosam (also diḟaessaim). As a number of these compds. were indistinguishable from the gen. sg. of noun preceded by dí- they are treated in the later language simply as attributive genitives, e.g. daíne dochla díchumaing, LU 3472 (see Bergin, Ériu xii 229 ). i-stems remain unchanged but gs. tends to be used in the later language, e.g. díainim, dícheist, díḟuráil but díaithgina, dichollna (colainn). u-stems remain unchanged (as far as the exx. serve), e.g. dígrád (grád love), dínním (sním), díṡolus. Nominal compds. formed from o- and ā-stems vary in inflexion, though on the whole they appear to resist the change to i-inflexion, e.g. díardain and díardan (ord(d)an) anger (but always díordain angry), díchretem and díchretim (creitem) disbelief, díchíall lack of sense (always díchéill senseless), dígrád dishonour (always dígráid adj.), díthrub, -thrab. Other stems remain unaffected: dígním, díchruth, deinmne (ainmne), dígallrae. The adj. gand gives dígaind lit. not scanty. Adjj. in -ech show no change and may be derivatives rather than true compds.: díchoimsech, díḟoirithnech, díthaithmech. Otherwise there is no change. With partt., verbals of necessity, and verbs: díáirmide, díaisneithe, díaisneisi unspeakable, díbrethe not to be borne, díerrethe not to be paid; díchenglaid, díchlannaid, dimmolaid.

2 dī ̆-, 2 dē̆-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 dī ̆-, 2 dē̆- or dil.ie/15841

Forms: dí-

intensive prefix used with nouns, adjj., and verbs: di- cech la cein is diultad, alaill is aidbliugud, Corm. Y 418 . di enim scotice aliquando valde significat (sic leg.), O'Mulc. 311 . difoichidi . . . di adbal ┐ foichid galar, O'Curry 264 ( H 3.18 ( H 3.18, 151b ). disle .i. dí uaisle .i. uaisle mhór, O'Cl. Usually dí- but note deḟordol great error and denocht stark naked. Lenites follg. initial. cenn as second element has its -c- mutated to -g-, e.g. dícenn, dígenn extreme end (see O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 140 ). With nouns: díairde, díberg, díchuma, etc. With adjj. díchoimsid, dídaingen, dídomuin, etc. With a verb dínochtaid. See der-.

dínnim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dínnim or dil.ie/16648

Forms: ndíním

adj i (sním) See ZCP xx 404 . indifferent, careless; shabby, poor, paltry, insignificant: dinim .i. dishnim (.i. ni bí snim uime), Corm. p. 15 . amal as ndínim la nech todiusgud nach aili á suan a matter of no significance, Ml. 61b28 . rogab A. erriud ndíndim do erredaib a míled imme, Alex. 765 . mílid díndim dia míledaib adamcómnaicc, 778 . nir bu dínim la Día ndil | cona milib mírbuilib, SR 4207 . ria no thuathaib (-aid, MS.) co dinnim | nomaidfed for ilmílib, 5035 . cathardha becc d.¤ `a petty paltry citizen', CCath. 5073 . is dinnim dodechas and it is in humble guise ye have gone, Trip.² 808 . rob iomdha bocht dinnimh deroil do chóidh i somhaoín, AFM v 1722.11 . ina n-aittreabthachaibh bochta dinnime, vi 2298 . dúncladh d.¤ ar na imdhénamh do chriaidh ┐ dfódaibh, 2210 . íascaire dinnimh deróil, Hugh Roe 26 . Equative: is dinnimidir la Dia slántu du thindnaccul du neuch bís hí lobrai it is as little trouble to God to . . ., Ml. 61b28 . Compar. is dinnimu dongni alaill it is more carelessly he makes the other gl. (facere) aliud in contumeliam, Wb. 4c33 .

As subst. alaile óclach i ndíním écoisc, ZCP ix 191.22 . Locan didna dinnim L. who protects the humble, Rawl. 163a18 . See dínim.

do-fásaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-fásaig or dil.ie/17622

v (* to-fo-ad-sech-, GOI p. 472 ) announces: dofarsiged alaill dom gl. significatum est . . . mihi, Wb. 7d11 . is slan muna taisce `for not noticing', Laws ii 58.11 Comm. muna taiscet, 20 Comm. ? cethra dia taisciter, v 468.14 Comm. techtaire . . . | nad tasci na olc `who reports no evil', Ériu iii 106 § 44 . tafaisig cammaib ┐ molsi fria madair she announced him, RC xi 446.63 .

do-formaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-formaig or dil.ie/17679
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: doformaig, dofórmgat, tórmaig, tórmais, dorórma(i), doforma, thormassíd, tormaisead, duforma, dofoirmsed, dorormacht, dorormachtatar, doformagar, tórmagar, doḟormmagddar, tormastar, dufórmastar, doformastar, durormacht, tórmachte, tórmachtai, tormachtai, tormach, tormaigid

v (* to-for-mag-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 573 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. doformaig, Ml. 55c20 . 3 pl. dofórmgat, Sg. 53a11 . Ipv. 2 s. tórmaig, Ml. 105d4 . Subj. pres. 2 s. mani tórmais , Sg. 208a2 . 3 s. cia dorórma(i) , Críth G. 263 (with -ro-). curab an-othrus doforma , Laws v 150.18 Comm. 2 pl. ni thormassíd , Thes. ii 292 . Subj. impf. 3 s. cia tormaisead , BDD § 2 . Fut. 3 s. duforma, ZCP iii 451.23 . Condit. 3 s. dofoirmsed, Ml. 35a17 . Perf. 3 s. dorormacht, Hib. Min. 337 . 3 pl. dorormachtatar, O'Curry 783 ( H 3.18 366b ). Pass. pres. s. doformagar, Sg. 67a12 . ní tórmagar , 202a2 . pl. doḟormmagddar, 28b18 . Subj. pres. s. dia tormastar , Ml. 20a19 . Fut. s. dufórmastar, 105a8 . doformastar, LU 3345 ( SCC § 13 ). Perf. durormacht, Ml. 90d1 . Part. tórmachte, Sg. 208b13 . pl. tórmachtai, 53a11 . See tormachtae. Vbl. of necess. bed tormachtai gl. amplianda, Ml. 88a14 . Vn. tormach. In later Mid.Ir. as simple vb. tormaigid.

(a) increases, amplifies (trans. and intrans.), somet. with DO of pers. affected: dofórmaich (sic leg., -maith, MS.) fochricc dosom sochude du creittim tria precept, Wb. 1b5 . doformagar pendait do suidib la diri (i.e. ecclesiastics have both penance and `díre'-fine), Laws v 52.24 . Cf. Ériu xii 6 § 4 . doformaig ar less, Arch. Hib. iv 204.20 . doformaig a ánae it increaseth his wealth, Fél. Ep. 195 . prímmartir donformaig `who enlarges us', Fél. Oct. 18 . d.¤ sāiri (.i. tormaigid eneclann du neoch), Laws v 108 (text and Comm.). cid mor in tepersain ┐ in fleochad, ni thormaiget na bainde, PH 6366 (intrans.?). notchrínat, ní thormaiget (= nít-th.) they waste you instead of increasing you, Triads 223 . dia tormastar a mét, Ml. 20a19 . ni rothormacht a llín nāch a n-āiriumh, Ériu ii 128 § 92 . ó doérghedh a ferg . . . nótormaighedh a gnimradha gaile, CCath. 358 . Oppd. to do-gaib (-dígaib): cipé bess hi manistir . . . ná dí[g]bad, ná tormaiged | a riagail nó a recht, LB 234 marg. sup. is sain-recht i ndigabar, | i tormagar cuit there are special conditions for diminishing and increasing rations, ZCP xiii 28 . conā tormaigfed nó nā digebad cid a oen fhocul dia briathraib, Mon. Tall. § 61 (or in meaning (b)?).

Intrans.: dofórmgat isin dírruidiguth which increase in the derivation (of derivatives formed by a suffix), Sg. 53a11 . ce doformaighsaid gradha, ni tormaig sét biata, O'Curry 783 ( H 3.18 366b ). acht cia tormaisead feoil na fortchi foraib unless the flesh . . . should increase on them (?), BDD § 2 . rothormaighetar na toirthe the fruits multiplied, MR 100 . tórmaiget techta o tuscurntib messengers exaggerate through their inventions, Anecd. v 2 = tormaigit techtaire, Alex. 833 . . . . ceilibh tormaigheas do gradaibh flatha `tenants that advance (= enhance?) the grades of chiefs', Laws iv 382.10 Comm. In follg. cases the construction may be impers.: mani torma selbh unless there is an increase of stock, Laws iv 288.y Comm. muna tormaigea bithbinchi, iii 172.16 . mani torma tlacht .i. muna roib étach aige aga thoirithin, O'Dav. 1505 = Laws iv 36.4 .

(b) adds (with FOR of that which is added to, less often FRI): nach ní dorormacht septin . . . dorat Cirine obail fair whatever the Septuagint added, Hib. Min. 337 . genmotha inni rothormachtatar filid except what poets added, Auraic. 21 . doformaig cech peccad for alaile ndo, Ml. 55c20 . durormacht cech n-olc for alaill , 90d1 . dufórmastar cech fechtnaige for araili doib, 105a8 . noco tormaigenn ni ar muic oirc do breith it adds nothing to (the value of) a pig, Laws iii 244.4 . ni tormaig sin fiacha ormsa that lays me under no additional obligation, Ériu viii 56 . tormaig cumaid form, Festschr. Stokes 4 . is dialt duformaidh gach n-ae dib for alaili each adds a monosyllable to the preceding one, Auraic. 776 . im tri cēd cruimther n-ōgh | fors-tormag grādh on whom he confers orders, Mart. Don. Mar. 17 = forsa dtormaigh gráidh, Keat. iii 282 . tormaighter dam traig gach bliadain for and inis, Anecd. i 63 . arna tormastar fort iliuna, Ériu viii 173 . leth dorormacht elada ┐ frichnum uirri, amail tormaiges ar gach n-oigi the half that art and diligence have added to its value as they add to the value of all artistic work, Laws v 82.5 Comm. a-n-as tórmachte ipse fris when `ipse' is added to it, Sg. 208b13 . ní tórmagar frisuidi gl. additur, 202a2 . in dā fidh doformaighet (doformaigitar, v.l.) frisna cūic feda the two vowels which they add to the five (original ones), Auraic. 260 .

do-roich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-roich or dil.ie/18386
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: toirchi, toirche, tairche, tairchi, do-m-roched, domraiched, doroichi-siu, nis-toirchi, -torche, doroich, do-da-roich, do-t-roich, torroich, doroch, do-n-roig, dom-roig, doroigh, daroigh, do-s-roaig, doroaig, doroith, droich, adroich, cos-toraich, -toraig, -toraigh, -taraigh, -tairchem, doroichet, darochet, toirchet, -toirchet, dosroic[h]edh, doroitheadh, -toirched, doroichdis, doroithdis, torus, contoros-sa, torais, do-m-roi, do-t-rói, doro, do-s-ro, dorrae, durae, tora, tor, toirset, torset, torsind, társind, thorasta, do-m-roised, do-da-roigsed, -roised, nom-thoirsed, torsed, toirsid, dorostais, do-róistis, thoirsidís, do-m-ruïs, torais, dorua, do-t-rua, do-n-rua, doforfua, dor, doroa, dorodha, doria, daria, do-t-ria, do-t-ru, doro, ni-r-tora, doroiset, doroised, doroset, dorosset, adroset, toirset, -torsit, doroisde-sa, toiristea-sa, toirsid, doraismis, do-s-roacht, doroacht, doroacht, -toracht, doroachtamar, doroachtatar, doroachtadar, doroachtar, doruachtas-[s]a, do-m-ruachtais, do-m-ruacht, doruachtamar, doruachtatar, do-bar-ruachtadar, doruachtsat, dorochtus, dorocht, durucht, dorochtamar, dorochtadar, dorochtsatar, doriac[h]tus, doriachtais, doriacht, doriachtamar, doriachtsam, doriachtatar, dorochair, dorochradar, ndrochatar, toracht, torochd, torracht, torreacht, -toirracht, torrachtatar, tarrachtatar, thorochtar, torgethar, torrgitear, dorostar, torachta, toracht, do-m-roich

v (* to-ro-saig-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 610 ). Not found in O.Ir. glosses. Ipv. 2 s. toirchi, SR 6128 ; toirche, Dinds. 68 , etc., Acall. 1744 ; tairche, RC xxiv 148 , Metr. Dinds. iii 378 . tairchi, Ériu v 223 . 3 s. do-m-roched, TBC-I¹ 754 (LU), dom-roiched, 759 ; ACL iii 232.5 ; domraiched, LL 102a17 . Acc. to Strachan, VSR 65 this form to be referred to do-reg. Cf. tairchi ┐ tair, Metr. Dinds. iii 378 . Indic. pres. 2 s. doroichi-siu, TFerbe 159 . nis-toirchi. IT i 101.8 . -torche, Anecd. v 11.29 . 3 s. doroich, LU 3542 , LL 113a10 ; do-da-roich, IT iii 41.2 . do-t-roich, Corm. Y 1082 . torroich (rel.), 1224 . doroch, BB 433b53 . do-n-roig, Fianaig. 12.6 . dom-roig, Trip.² 2835 . doroigh, Corm. Y 1049 . daroigh, BB 323a5 ( Auraic. 922 ). do-s-roaig, BB 307a25 . doroaig, Todd Nenn. 214.7 . doroith, Ériu viii 122.25 ; Stowe Gl. 49 . droich, 316 . ? adroich, Anecd. i 9.5 . cos-toraich, Ériu iv 150.29 . -toraig, LU 3578 ( SCC § 25 ); LL 147a6 , 236b20 . -toraigh, Dinds. 110 . -taraigh, ACL iii 235.10 . ? 1 pl. -tairchem, TFerbe 62 . 3 pl. doroichet, LL 281b20 , Corm. Y 434 . darochet, LL 231b9 . ni toirchet , IT i 160 . -toirchet, Rawl. 127b14 . Impf. 3 s. dosroic[h]edh, CCath. 5985 . doroitheadh, ZCP i 127.31 . -toirched, SG 81.1 . 3 pl. doroichdis, BB 39b8 . doroithdis, Lec. 371a11 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. co torus , SG 29.35 . contoros-sa, 257.8 . 2 s. co torais , Ériu vii 222 . 3 s. do-m-roi, Rawl. 107b12 = ACL iii 219 . do-t-rói, Moling § 3 . doro, Corm. s.v. rót . do-s-ro, Rawl. 83b7 ( Ériu vi 121 ). dorrae, durae, Auraic. 573 . co tora , SR 1263 ; Moling § 39 , etc. tor, Rawl. 107a37 ( ACL iii 217 ). 3 pl. dia toirset , BB 267b12 ; MR 22.8 . da torset , CRR 22 . Impf. 1 s. co torsind , LL 229a41 . dána társind , LU 9867 (do-airicc ?). 2 s. mani thorasta , SR 6321 . 3 s. do-m-roised, Ériu iv 236.23 (v.l.). do-da-roigsed (leg. -roised), Ériu ii 136 § 119 . co nom-thoirsed , SR 3115 . co torsed , LL 221b20 . toirsid, Aen. 1992 . 3 pl. riasiú dorostais , BDD § 24 = do-róistis, BDD² 232 . ni thoirsidís , BB 40a45 .

Fut. 2 s. do-m-ruïs, Fianaig. 12.18 . ni torais , Thes. ii 347.14 . 3 s. (a) dorua, LL 306a5 . do-t-rua, SR 6117 . do-n-rua, LL 83a17 ( TBC-LL¹ 3332 ); LU 9908 , etc. doforfua (= do-forrua), SR 5483 , 5487 . (b) dor, Fél. 156.34 , 76.10 ; ZCP x 288.20 ; Lism. L. 2285 ; Aen. 589 . (c) doroa, Lec. 543a18 , cf. dorodha, Laws iii 380 Comm. (d) doria, LL 301 ( SG 373.9 ). daria, LL 298b14 . do-t-ria, TBC-I¹ 2244 . Note also: do-t-ru, Ériu viii 18 § 20 . ? dó ra, vii 219 . doro, Laws i 186.22 Comm. ni-r-tora, SR 2747 ; Anecd. ii 41.19 , etc. 3 pl. doroiset, LB 251a16 . doroised, Aen. 301 . doroset, LL 298b10 , dorosset, CRR 26 . ? adroset, BB 425a6 . ni toirset , -torsit. Condit. 2 s. doroisde-sa, ZCP viii 551.13 . co toiristea-sa , BNnÉ 79 § 153 . 3 s. in toirsid , Aen. 2125 . 1 pl. doraismis, TBC-LL¹ 766 .

Pret. and perf.

(a) 1 s. do-s-roacht, TBC-I¹ 403 . doroacht, LL 125a31 ( Ériu v 208 ); Fianaig. 10.11 . 3 s. doroacht , SR 5512 , 6364 , etc. -toracht, TBC-LL¹ 1234 . 1 pl. doroachtamar, TBC-I¹ 1172 (YBL). 3 pl. doroachtatar, BDD 84 (LU). doroachtadar, AU 851 . doroachtar, TBC-I¹ 3265 .

(b) 1 s. doruachtas-[s]a, BS 96 . 2 s. do-m-ruachtais, ZCP vi 266 § 6 . 3 s. do-m-ruacht, LU 3014 ( SG 235 ); Anecd. iii 66.25 ; BColm. 60.1 , etc. 1 pl. doruachtamar, Aen. 665 . 3 pl. doruachtatar, Thes. ii 328.44 . do-bar-ruachtadar, IT ii2 228 . doruachtsat, Aen. 1784 ; Leb. Gab.(i) 10.27 .

(c) 1 s. dorochtus, YBL 57b10 . 3 s. dorocht, SR 3397 ; RC xxiv 184.14 . durucht, Todd Nenn. 172.17 . 1 pl. dorochtamar, TBC-I¹ 1172 (LU). 3 pl. dorochtadar, Lec. 301b2 . dorochtsatar, AFM ii 652.6 .

(d) Common later form: 1 s. doriac[h]tus, ZCP viii 223.25 . 2 s. doriachtais, BS 56 § 36 . 3 s. doriacht, SR 2100 ; TBC-I¹ 2346 , etc. 1 pl. doriachtamar, YBL 205b31 . doriachtsam, Aen. 619 . 3 pl. doriachtatar, TE § 3 (Eg.); MR 272.1 .

(e) 3 s. dorochair, Lec. 303b47 . 3 pl. dorochradar, Todd Nenn. 84.14 , 88.6 (forms infl. by perf. of 1 do-tuit). co ndrochatar , Dinds. 78 ( RC xv 478 ).

Prot. co toracht , SR 6816 , etc. co torochd , LL 395b21 . co torracht , Aen. 1992 . co torreacht , Ériu ii 186.22 . -toirracht, BS 36 § 26 . na torrachtatar , Laws ii 294 . co tarrachtatar , Aen. 510 . o thorochtar , Laws ii 16 Comm.

Pass. subj. pres. conna torgethar , FB § 10 . ? maine torrgitear , BB 289a47 . Fut. dorostar, TTr.² 417 .

Part. torachta? Vn. toracht. IGT Verbs §§ 19 , 52 .

I Trans. reaches, comes to: nā cotail . . . noco torais in mBruig, Ériu vii 222 . antan doriacht sé an dorus, RC xxv 394 . do neoch nā toracht ┐ nā tānic an dunad of those who had not reached or come to the camp, TBC-I¹ 3409 . co torracht mo chill, Anecd. ii 27 . dia Sathairn doruachtsat Ére, Leb. Gab.(i) 10 . doriachtadar an port, Ériu iii 170 . co torsed fuil formna fer, LL 221b20 . co toraig in laim dia luid returns to the hand that sent it (of a spear), Lec. 60a42 . With extension of meaning: cach comaithech asa tir dotroich (= do-d-.) whose land adjoins it, Corm. Y 1082 = doró chuige, LB. ni do biad doroachtamar we have not come for your food (but do perh. prep. here), TBC-I¹ 1172 . ní boi di thēte nā mellche isin domun . . . dodaroigsed that could come up to it (i.e. counter-balance it?), Ériu ii 136 § 119 . co fester cia deach dona viii ndeachaib daroigh in aisti enters into the metre, Auraic. 922 . ollbardne ┐ cach ní dodaroich that pertains thereto, IT iii 41 . With accus. of cognate meaning: ni thoirchet mo dáil adiu dí ingin come not to my tryst, IT i 160 . mani thorasta mo dáil, SR 6321 . docēin doroacht do dāil, Fianaig. 10.11 . is tailcc doroachtar rēim hi Sleamon they have pursued their course, TBC-I¹ 3265 . Attains (a goal, aim); gets, acquires: nistoirchi in muicc fon innasin, IT i 101 . figuir in popuil doroiset in eolus in rechta núi, LB 251a16 . is la rig Laichis Reta . . . a cis ┐ a mbes na vii Laiches. nistoirchet gillae rig aile . . . acht gilla rig Laiches Reta, Rawl. 127b14 . With pers. obj.: dosroacht do chluichiu ōm thaig I came to play with them, TBC-I¹ 403 . is tú doroacht it is you I came to see, Ériu v 208 . domruacht tond fri trethan tracht, LU 3014 . domrúachtais arís, ZCP vi 266 . nirtora diliu the flood will not reach us, SR 2747 . dosrocht gorta garbda, 3397 . dorocht bás an ben, Ériu iii 150 . dobarró Conchobar will come upon you, TFerbe 97 . doforfua digal, SR 5483 . do-m-roich comes to me i.e. I get, obtain: bér(a)-sa am a ndomroig I will take what comes in my way, Trip.² 2835 . do-m-roched carpat let me have a chariot, TBC-LL¹ 754 , 5952 . dotrói buaidh ┐ bennacht may . . . attend thee, Moling § 3 . dotrīa buaid ┐ bendachtain, TBC-I¹ 2244 . dotrua comarda uaim, SR 6117 . dia namtorsed do bennacht, BB 278a34 . ni sēgda in leth donroacht dinn imirgi the half . . . that has fallen to us (?), TBC-I¹ 920 . domriacht bheith gan chéill it has befallen me to be, BS 120 .

II Intrans. comes, arrives ; synon. with do-tét, q.v. Absol. or with prep.: tairche, a Meadb come, RC xxiv 148 (tair, v.l.). toirche a bainliaig, SG 132.18 , 23 . doriacht Fergus ┐ tarblaing asa charpat, TBC-I¹ 2346 . ní ricfa ni torais you will not get there nor come back, Thes. ii 347 ( Hy. v 82 Comm. ). doriachtadar Gaedil sair go Rōim, ZCP viii 115 . ni caithiub biadh co tora mo Tigerna . . . cucum, Moling § 39 . maircc costora in rí, Anecd. ii 41 . Dún Tulcha costoraich mair, Ériu iv 150 . co toracht a chend dā chūl mhēighe came off the back of his neck, Ériu iii 168 . cin nī fiastar can doroigh bloach dondi is parn how the word `bloach' is derived from `parn', Corm. Y 1049 . co toirset firu Erenn . . . don fleid, MR 22 . doró . . . dot' iontsaighidh, ZCP x 288 . tori dom imdegail | hua niamguirm Neill, ACL iii 217 . dia tora Críst do mess for bíu ┐ marbu, Ériu ii 200 = LB 203b32 . go ttorracht fo breith Mochuda submitted to M.'s judgement, BNnÉ 294 . tuirigin . . . .i. gein torracht torroich as gach aigniud i n-alaill which passes from one nature to another (of metempsychosis), Corm. Y 1224 . doro at cenn do shena thy spell will come against thee, Lism. L. 2285 . baile ina tora tond tuili, ZCP iii 228 . co toracht F. isan oirecht, RC xxvi 134 . dia torsed for cúlu if he should return, Ériu iv 142 . co torsind imṡlán ar cúlu arís, LL 229a41 ( TTr. 893 ). is at' aighedhaib minta . . . doroisdesa bur cūla dorísi, ZCP viii 551 . toirche thairis 'speak of it', Giolla Brighde 204 § 2 .

Oft. in wide sense happens, arises, appears (esp. in pret. and perf. = Lat. exstitit): Silbius ainm cach rig o sin co toracht Romail until Romulus arose (i.e. till the time of Romulus), Lec. 299b50 . ó sin amach . . . noco toracht Cáin, Metr. Dinds. i 2 . co toracht Niall, Arch. Hib. ii 50 . aga bfuil fis gach a torracht ┐ nach torracht who knows all the past and future, BNnÉ 8 . doroich dom comes to me, i.e. I get, receive: acht co tora int ubull dam, SR 1263 . doriacht saegul sír damsa, Ériu iv 132 . doriacht beim o Finn di, CF 930 . dot mac is dott úa | ríge dóib dorúa, LL 306a5 . Ochtauín . . . doruacht dó co Roim ria ré | cis óir ó gach aenduine, Lec. 46b31 . doroich lim I succeed (in), manage (to): adgladar ríg ria rígh: doroich lium a innsci, ZCP v 503 . ní mó ná imtheacht doruacht lcó an tan . . . they had scarcely got off when, AFM v 1780 . Cf. further: hi cind deich mbliadan iarsin | doriacht la Fenius Farrsaid | in berla belblasta bind, Lec. 76a18 (= do-richt la, BB 9a19 , arricht la was invented by, LL 143a33 ). atteoch in dilgidach | domroi sech iffernphein . . . co ceolaib Hiruphin that I may win past the pains of hell to the choiring of the Cherubim, ACL iii 219 = Rawl. 107b12 (impers. constr.).

III Exact sense in legal texts not clear: bó la gach mboin tsláin do raigh .i. is na sétuibh cethardha cuna torachtuin fén, 26 . eniuclann d'ic re fine ┐ a torachtuin féin ┐ muna tora, O'D. 322 ( H 3.17 250 ). torrachtain [in dire] tre aisnéis na aithgina . . . ┐ . . . doroich an aithgin, O'Curry 2622 ( Eg. 88, 53 (54)a ). doroisi in séd cetharda féin annsin ┐ ni uil acht diablad ó doroisit budein ┐ isedh sin isna sétaib diabalta cia toirsit gin co toirsit, ib. = isna sétuibh diabulta cia toirsit féin cinco toirsit, Laws ii 68.16 . do roisi a lámh uadu fo gach leith, O'Curry 2428 (33 (34)d). lan arra dosli ┐ doroisi leis an gnim do denamh, ib.

See ad-roich.

drécht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. drécht or dil.ie/18598
Last Revised: 2013

n u, n. (see Sg. 38b8 , but cf. Imr. Brain cited below).

I Part, portion, section . Usually with partitive DI, rarely with gen.: drecht .i. imat, O'Dav. 624 , cf. 721 . is drecht díib nad rochreit, Wb. 5c2 . d.¤ caich ceniúil gl. plenitudo gentium, 5c3 . is (sic leg.) d.¤ úaibsi as debthach, 11d2 . for drecht úaib, 13b12 . cach la d.¤ diib is atrab, alaill ní atrab `one of the two portions of them', Sg. 38b8 . asbert Medb fri d.¤ dia muinter, TBC-I¹ 888 . fri tarrachtain drechta díb, 1462 . teclamaidh d.¤ dina bolgaib, RC x 74.14 . roloiscthe d.¤ mór dona longaib, TTr.² 1701 . romarbhsat d.¤ do mhuccaibh, SG 88.16 . d.¤ d'écsib, Metr. Dinds. iii 104 . tri maic C. . . . ┐ drecht diib i nAidniu, araill díib oc Dubcechair, ZCP viii 305.29 . drechd din aidchi, Otia i 114 . rogab cach d'feraib Eirenn a d.¤ don breithemnus his own part of the judicature (?), Laws i 18.22 (but perh. in sense II (b) below). gebaid cach a dréchta de, 18.20 . rucastar an ingen drechta móra do chrudh lé, Acall. 828 . ra h-ed cían ┐ ra dréchta fata for a far space and for long stretches (portions), MU² 275 . tidnaic do L. an cuairt . . . ni duairc an d.¤ no mean portion, BCC § 349 (poem).

Esp. of a number, band of persons: co facaidh in t-imperi ina dochum co nd.¤ ndána ndasachtach, ZCP vi 274.30 . drechta móra do míledaibh Cesair, CCath. 1432 . ro-díthaighit dréchta dia ndrongbuidnibh, AFM v 1646 . drechta dermara d'occbhaidh ┐ do shoighdiúraibh, Hugh Roe 66.8 . Hence ¤chath troop, battalion: leinb an dúin 'na ndréachtchathaibh, 3 C 13, 519.2 .

Note also: lethd.¤ húad i ngort dia treise `a half-day's labour' (notes), Críth G. 84 . In concr. sense d.¤ gíalnai, 570 (` earthwork, rampart ', Gloss.). denamh drecta ima dún, O'D. 512 ( H 3.17 415 ). dlegar don céile dénum drechta im dun na flatha, O'Dav. 721 . ? drect .i. dliged, Stowe Gl. 104 .

II

(a) Term of bardic art of uncertain meaning, denoting either a species of composition or more probably a section, division ; see IT iii 115 , 120 , 170 : foglaim na cetbliadna .i. coeca ogum . . . ┐ airacept na n-eicsine . . . ┐ fiche d.¤ , IT iii 32.4 . oblairi . . . secht ndréchta lais do scelaib, Lec. 340b21 . condaróis íar téchtu | inna dréchtu imm druimne the sections concerning `druimne' (?), Imr. Brain i 52.22 .

(b) poem, literary composition (freq. of an official character), tale (see The Learned Tales of Medieval Ireland 113 n. 122 ): d.¤ duan dicitur , Cóir Anm. 67 . drechta .i. duana no laidhe ┐ roscada, O'Dav. 589 . d.¤ molta, Lec. 142a3 . canitir drechta, LU 3242 ( SCC § 3 ). corop siat a duana ┐ a drechta gabtair i nEmain, TBC-LL¹ 1156 . gabtha a ndúana ┐ a ndréchta ┐ a n-admolta doib, MU² 214 . fir dēnma d.¤ ┐ nath, RC xiv 412 § 25 . oirfideach ré gabháil duan ┐ dréacht, Keat. ii 5339 . co nderna teóra dréchta adhmolta, AFM iii 180.15 . Cf. Laws i 18.22 cited above. lucht cech dāna . . . ic taspénad a nd.¤ ┐ a ndliged do ríg, LL 215a21 . re cenel nEnna gan fhaill | dréchta rīg cenēl Conaill, Fen. 344.10 . file nach dron dechraigfes | sochur dochur dílmaine | d.¤ cech tire thic, ZCP iv 237.23 = Leb. Cert. 236 . Of incantations: co ron-icastar Diancecht . . . tria drungo drona dagdrécht, Lec. 60b9 ; cf. dréacht .i. aircheadal sorcery, incantation , P. O'C. Hence dréachtglan (epithet of bards), Keat. Poems 1410 , 1559 . Note also: d.¤ .i. sgél, O'Cl. drecht .i. eolus, O'Dav. 625 . scoth na bí do drochduine d.¤ `a word that is not of a bad man's knowledge', 1423 .

engraicigidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. engraicigidir or dil.ie/20107

v g (engraic) takes the place of: intan asṁbiur-sa `meus' engraicigidir insin mo ainm díles `that takes the place of my proper name' Sg. 200b10 . engraccigidir cechtar n-ai alaill each of them takes the place of the other 193b5 . tresa n-ainm n-engracigedar that it takes the place of 197b2 . huare n-engraicigetar pronomina anman because pronouns take the place of nouns 200b5 . ité noda engraicigetar that take their place 198b8 .

2 etarport

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 etarport or dil.ie/20735

Forms: etarbort

n a favourable sign or omen (?): etarbort (etarbad LB) nomen [do] seón lasna druide, Corm. Y 529 . Cf. ad[co]ndarc alaill innocht | ba ingnad lium etarport the portent made me marvel (?) Thes. ii 291.3 . do faillsiugud Tana Bo Cuailngni in remscel sa sis, iarsinní dia raibi etarport isna dainib moraib robatar in Erinn; ar nir' mair don Thain acht blogha di namá roboi ac cach co coitcenn, ACL iii 4.6 .

1 for

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 for or dil.ie/23272
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: for, far, bar, fuir, AR, FOR, AR, forsa, fora, fara, forsin[d], forsa, forsna, farsin, barsin, barsan, forin[d], forna, fornaib, forsn, forin, forna, formu, form, fort, fort, bard, fora, forar, forar, f., forar, f., form, fórm, formsa, fórmsa, forom, foromm, forumsa, foromsa, forum, ḟorum, orum, orum, orumsa, formm, ormm, fort, ort, fortsu, foir, fair, ḟair, foirsom, foirsem, fairseom, fairsem, foir, for, foir, fair, ḟair, ḟairside, faride, forrae, furri, ḟurthi, uirre, fuiri, furi, fuiri, furri, fuirri, fora, forra, fuirri, fuirre, uirre, fornn, fornd, ornn, fornni, forunni, forni, forund, forond, foirn, foirnn, foirnd, oirn, oirnd, foraindi, foraind, forainde, oraind, orainne, forn, forinn, orainde, foirib, forib, fuirib, furib, fuiribsi, furibsi, foraib, foraibh, foraibse, foirb, foirbsi, oraib, forru, forrusom, forro, forra, orru, forthu, fortho, forta, forib, foraib, forib, foraib, forroib, forru, forthu, foraib, for, ar, fair, air, AR, FOR, orat, orad, airiut, erut, AR, AR, f.

prep. with acc. and dat. See Thurn., Gr., and Fraser, ZCP viii 34 ff . Lenition of the obj. occurs once in the Glosses: for chenn, Ml. 44d29 , possibly a scribal error. Even in the modern period non-lenition is regular in some expressions after AR representing FOR, cf. the alliterations: feall ar filidh IGT, 24 P 8, 190.5 ; nā bí ar filidh go fortuil ib. (= Studies 1924, 245 ).

Forms: for (in Mid. Ir. MSS usually denoted by f surmounted by horizontal stroke) Glosses, pass. and later; occasionally far: Wb. 5b3 . Ml. 82d10 . Sg. 90b1 , 2 . Thes. ii 39.28 , 29 . TBC-LL¹ 3782 . LL 176a7 ( CRR 34 ), LL 268b20 ( MU² 860 ). bar, LL 265a39 ( MU² 452 ). TBC-LL¹ 2820 . 3613 , etc. fuir, Thes. ii 39.22 .

In later MSS. gradually replaced by AR. This appears occasionally in LU, more frequently in LL. In Maund. FOR still appears though AR is commoner.

With rel. part. forsa n-, fora n-: fara n-: forsa taith, Wb. 20b6 . forsa robae, Ml. 82d10 . forsa n-airisedar, Sg. 139b1 . forsmbeth, SR 1364 . forstā, 1839 . forsnaicci, Imr. Brain § 38 . forsmbí, § 43 . forsmbīd, Metr. Dinds. ii 42.2 . fora sernte Wb. 18c8 . fora taibre, 29a23 . fora n-idparar, 5b6 . fora mboí, Tur. 60 . fora ṁbi, Thes. ii 41.27 . forá mbí ib. 17 . fora mbiat, LU 2639 . fora taí, SR 3096 . farsa n-immér TBC-LL¹ 5961 . barsa mbatar, 3738 . fara mbí, Thes. ii 40.32 .

See Strachan, ZCP iv 63 ; 488 - 9 .

With article: forsin[d], forsa (n-), forsna, etc., Wb. 1d2 , 9d5 , 32d2 ; Ml. 22c12 , 46c3 , 48a21 , 84d4 ; Sg. 8a13 , 207a6 ; LU pass. farsin, Trip.² 1948 , barsin, TBC-LL¹ 4553 . barsan 3387 . Without -s-: forin[d], Ml. 60b14 , 94b11 , 120d7 . forna Ml. 51d19 . 69a11 . 138a6 . fornaib, Wb. 5a5 . Ml. 27d22 . See Strachan l.c.

Rarely with elision in sg., as in: forsn uscisin, SR 4632 .

In Mid. Ir. MSS. maintenance of -s- is the rule, though it is occasionally dropped by some scribes, e.g. forin, PH 3594 . forna, LU 2552 (H). CCath. 2574 . Marco P. 64 .

With poss. pron. 1 s. formu naimtea, Ml. 86c10 . for mo namtea, 88a8 . for mu mud, Thes. ii 294 . for mo menmuin ZCP x 338 ( Laud 615, 104 ). for mo thir ┐ for mo thalam YBL 113b47 (= form ... form, LL 270b46 . for mo chuit ..., Rawl. 134a4 ). form ḟuil, SR 1542 . form thigerna, 3188 . form laim ┐ form gail, LL 121a12 . See KZ xlviii 55 . 2 s. fort athair, Trip.² 1759 (= fort ha., Trip. 150 ). fort cheniul, Trip.² 1760 . bard, TBC-LL¹ 3230 . 3 s. and pl. fora. 1 pl. forar ndail, SR 3633 forar morsluag, 3974 . (cf. fer ruc breith for fis ... | for ndís bámar i cumriuch, SR 3286 , where f. is possibly a contraction of forar). 2 pl. f.¤ far naimtib, TTr.² 1775 .

With pron. suff.: 1 s. form, Wb. 8d26 . Ml. 2a6 . 59a18 . 104d2 . SR 1584 . fórm, LU 5669 . formsa, LL 224a28 ( TTr. 513 ). fórmsa, LU 4507 . forom, SR 1404 . foromm, TBC-LL¹ 3752 . forumsa, Ml. 44b29 . 89a2 . TBC-LL¹ 3750 . LL 234a34 ( TTr. 1278 ). foromsa, LL 223by ( TTr. 488 ). forum, Acall. 3357 . ḟorum, LL 234a13 ( TTr. 1261 = orum, BB 426a47 ). orum, Acall. 304c . 6994 . orumsa, 7696 . formm, LB 8a52 . ormm, LB 246b55 ( PH 7807 ).

2 s. fort, Wb. 6a14 . 28d9 . SR 6258 . LU 4789 . 6252 . ort LU 6097 . fortsu, Ml. 113d11 . LU 6593 .

3 s., m. n., acc. foir, Wb. 4d15 . 28b30 . Tur. 85 . 110c0 . Ml. 2a6 . 41a5 . 53a19 . 54c16 . Sg. 209b12 . fair, Wb. 7c4 . LU 6299 . LL 227b30 ( TTr. 777 ). ḟair, LL 220b ( TTr. 262 ). PH. CCath. pass. foirsom, Wb. 8c1 . foirsem, Sg. 209b12 . fairseom, LU 6239 . fairsem, CCath. 1803 .

dat. foir, Wb. 6d6 . 10b9 . Tur. 123 . for (older form, GOI 275 ) LL 49b19 ( Hail Brigit § 4 ). YBL 12a10 (cf. foir Ériu ii 55 § 3 = i 138 where rime with tol is required). fair LU 2051. 7554 . LL 98a34 . 99a40 . Acall. 89 . ḟair, LL 224b5 ( TTr. 533 ). ḟairside, LL 235b13 ( TTr. 375 ). cf. faride TBC-LL¹ 5173 .

cf. acc. forrae, Tur. 79 . furri, Acall. 6437 . furri, LL 224b39 ( TTr. 556 ). ḟurthi, LL 230a41 ( TTr. 968 ). uirre, Acall. 1253 .

dat. fuiri, Wb. 3d34 . Sg. 4b9 . Ml. 95b6 . furi, 45c9 . 118d6 . fuiri sidi, Sg. 199a5 . furri, LU 3918. 4512 . 7993 . LL 218a32 ; 221b19 ( TTr. 90 ; 323 ). LL 66a39 . LB 7a40 . fuirri, LU 4517 , SR 3108 . Marco P. 10 . fora (v.l. forra, fuirri), Imr. Brain § 3 . fuirre, Marco P. 12 . uirre, CCath. 1947 .

1 pl. fornn, Wb. 2a13 . 8d18 . 30b2 . Ml. 46b26 . 119d6 . fornd LU 3254 . 5220 . 6780 . 9244 . ornn, PH 6865 . fornni, Wb. 14b15 . Ml. 77c6 . 88a4 . 90d17 . forunni, 111c13 . forni, LU 1674. 8554 . forund, TBC-LL¹ 2974 . forond, LU 8620 . foirn, TBC-LL¹ 617 . PH 2060 . 7848 . foirnn, 1502 . foirnd, CCath. 648 . oirn, PH 6863 . oirnd, 8063 . CCath. 652 . foraindi, TBC-I¹ 3578 . LB 162a62 . foraind, Acall. 4867. 6165 . forainde, LB 34b56 . 162a53 . oraind, Acall. 2996 . CCath. 1679 . orainne (v.l. forn. forinn) 1659 . orainde, Acall. 5074. 7655 .

2 pl. foirib, Wb. 14c40 . 21d5 . Ml. 46a14 . forib, Wb. 6a17 ( ZCP xvii 223 ), 27c11 . fuirib, 14d17 . 20b2 . furib, Ml. 115b8 . fuiribsi, Wb. 7a4 . furibsi, 18a18 . foraib, Trip.² 1589 . LU 7233. 7755 . LL 239a15 . CCath. 3569 . foraibh, 610 . foraibse, TTr.² 119 . foirb, SR 5534 . Trip.² 1651 . foirbsi, SR 3116 . oraib, Acall. 7539 , YBL 376b42 ( Aithd. D. p. 158 ).

3 pl. acc. forru, Wb. 1d3 . 10c5 . 28c3 . Ml. 53d13 . 73b17 . 127b6 . LU 4784 . 5309 . LL 66b10 . 241b88 ( TTr. 1859 ). CCath. 3738 (Fr.). ḟorru, LL 223d27 ; 242b2 ( TTr. 438 ; 1908 ). forrusom, Wb. 9c10 . forro, LU 5796 (M). 5836 (H). Acall. 5317 . 7117 . CCath. 1237 (S) (in dat. meaning Acall. 2458 . 3501 . 3745 . LL 223b21 ). forra, CCath. 1640 (H). 3754 (Fr.). fortha, CCath. 3599 (Fr.). orra, CCath. 1237 . 1488 . orru, Acall. 3299 . forthu, SR 3942 . fortho, LU 2556 (H). fortha, CCath. 3599 (Fr.). fortu, forta, 1488 (v.l.).

dat. forib, Wb. 4d2 . 29b20 . foraib, Ml. 121a5 .

dat. for acc. forib, Wb. 28c4 . foraib, 4c35 . Ml. 49b6 . 54a4 . 54b30 . 90a25 . 118d19 . forroib, LU .5608 .

Cf. fortus.

In Mid.Ir. MSS forru (forro, forthu, etc.) and foraib are often found without distinction of case. In the Laud-Lismore text of Acall. pretonic for is very rare; it is regularly replaced by ar. But with suff. pron. 3 s. m. n. fair is predominant; there are very few instances of air. In the other pronominal forms those with and without f- seem to share the field equally.

In classical verse the pretonic form is AR, but the pronominal forms are regularly those of FOR without f. an exception is orat, orad (beside ort). Cf. O. Ir. airiut, erut from AR. See 24 P 8 (McKenna, Tracts).

Synopsis of meanings:

I Of local relations:

(a) on, upon , expressing both contact and relative position ( over, above ) also of mere external contact or position.

(b) of approximate position juxtaposition. on, at, by .

(c) in sense upheld, supported by; being worn or carried by .

(d) after verbs of placing, hoisting, over, up .

(e) of things attached to or forming part of the body, etc.

(f) in, amongst; forming a portion of .

(g) with acc. after verb or verbal noun implying motion on, over, to, towards .

II Of quasi-local relations, and in abstract and fig. expressions:

(a) of form, appearance, hue, etc.

(b) of arrangement, state, process; division, classification, naming .

(c) of point of time; coincidence of occurrence .

(d) on (of that by which something is evident, known, recognized, etc.).

(e) with words expressing quality, talent, success, etc. , indicating the possessor of these.

(f) over, of rule, sway, superior might .

(g) upon, in addition to; in succession to, after .

(h) on i.e. affecting, afflicting (of emotions, physical or mental states or conditions).

(i) governing object of blessing, cursing, punishing, etc.

(j) (existing) on, by means of (a food, diet); relying on; depending on .

(k) with abstr. or verbal noun, also with adj. in (a state or condition).

(l) at (an occupation or task).

(m) to express the dativus incommodi, the person adversely affected by the action.

(n) expressing constraint, compulsion: ata f.¤ is incumbent on; owing from (see 1 fíach).

(o) expressing worth, value .

(p) phrases.

(q) after adj.

III In verbal construction.

IV Replacing AR.

I Of local relations: on, upon , expressing both contact and relative position ( over, above ); also of mere external contact or position.

(a) on, over, above: buith f.¤ ochtrach, Ml. 129c2 . a mbís f.¤ altoir ind idil, Wb. 10a6 . ind altóir fora n-idparar, 5b6 . cen chaille f.¤ a ciunn (gl. non uelato capite) Wb. 11c9 . den chamull fora mbói, Tur. 60 . Conall ... forsin Deirg mounted on LL 122a34 . bretha ind óic ... f.¤ fúataib immach were carried out on biers LU 1595 . contuletsom f.¤ a ndergodaib 1829 . suidfid ... f.¤ a chathair, 2319 . luid ... co raba f.¤ a úaitni, 1723 . is fota a chubat f.¤ lár his measurement is long (when he is stretched) on the ground 1605 . fochartatar grith imme co mbátar f.¤ lár in tige, 7560 ( BDD 109 ). See also s.v. lár. Often = in: co mboí f.¤ medon ind lis, LU 1608 . cach óen creitfes ... f.¤ nim ní bá tróg, LU 9495 . cid f.¤ tír cid f.¤ usci cid f.¤ fidchill cotrisam whether it be on land or on water we contend, or over a chessboard 1674 . dia ḟagbáil i fid no i fidbaid, f.¤ tír no usci, LL 220ax ( TTr. 237 = ar muir na ar tir, BB 414a37 ). co forcongrad lais ... | na beth f.¤ crích n Israhél, SR 6216 (cf. atat cinedhaigh ar an fásach sin dianad ainm B., Maund. 49 ). co ra churet cath forsinn [ḟ]aithchi sin co torsed fuil formna fer furri, LL 221b18 ( TTr. 323 ). Cf. coro airet ... lá n-air ar inn [ḟ]aigthisea, LL 221b15 ( TTr. 320 = ... isin f.¤ , BB 415a23 ). atchiu fer ... for sin maig, LU 4564 . cid fó cid for ... beme whether we be above or beneath YBL 12a10 . in fú talam no f.¤ talam?, Trip.² 1118 . iarna bádhadh forsan abhainn `after she had been drowned in the river' Cóir Anm. 255 . ind uisci f.¤ ind nim anúas (gl. super caelum) Ml. 120d7 . domarfás and ... mothur ... ḟairside anúas, LL 235b14 ( TTr. 1375 ). cíid f.¤ in mac weeps over the child ZCP viii 311.14 . ro chí f.¤ a muime, Trip.² 115 . No chanta ór fírindi fair used to be chanted over him BDD 11 . banchuiri f.¤ colaind Fraích, LU 5236 . a fuini f.¤ grís to bake it on the embers SR 3903 . a scéith f.¤ a cennaib dia sáerad, LU 5888 . f.¤ bith, f.¤ domun, f.¤ talmain, freq. in sense above ground, anywhere on earth, in existence: in dia as dech f.¤ bith buan, SR 3973 . in t-én as luaithiu luamain f.¤ bith, LU 2477 (cf. ní boí isin bith ..., 3377 ). cenco beind acht óenlá f.¤ domun alive 5060 . ni raibi forsin domun ingen bid chaime ..., YBL 189b3 ( RC xxiv 198 ). (cf. ni fuil ní ar doman ina esbaid acht fín, Maund. 159 . ni fuighbither ... ar bith ná ar doman, CCath. 262 ). cech mil beo baí f.¤ talmain, SR 1930 . See also s.v. fot, 2 fúait, 2 ed.

Of wounds, bruises, etc. cned f.¤ corp, Laws ii 156.20 . facbait .l. cned fairseom, LU 4967 . co lín crechta f.¤ a chnis 4547 .

(b) Of approximate position, juxtaposition, on, at, by: ... file cuimrecha formsa, Wb. 23a5 . ata árchú lemsa ..., tri slabrada fair, LU 5001 . buithe f.¤ dese Dé on God's right hand Ml. 128a3 . ani f.¤ laim deis `that on the right hand' [side] Thes. ii 255.8 . Fergus ... f.¤ láim Ailello isin phupull ... M. f.¤ a láim aili do Alill, LU 4619 . Cf. O. ar a láim clí, ┐ M. f.¤ a láimsein, ┐ E. ara láimhsein, Acall. 2256 . (but: bachla f.¤ láim, SR 3915 corresponds to tenentes baculos in manibus Exodus xii 11 . See lám). dún ..., dorus umaide fair, LU 1793 . batar ... da dorus forsin uaim, PH 6316 . dorus ... as nesu ille is fair ro sudiged M., LU 2084 . ra sudigit ... secht ṅdorais furri, LL 227a ( TTr. 737 ). conéracht Glaiss C. fríu ... féotár fuirri (.i. f.¤ a bru), LU 5363 . cath f.¤ brú Derguist, 224 . f.¤ brú puirt G., LL 219b marg. inf. ( TTr. 142 ). f.¤ a mbeulu (gl. prone cadentium) Ml. 131b6 . form dreich sea facing me LU 3892 (see 1 drech). dofessid f.¤ gualaind C. seated himself beside C. 8076 (but in 5293 , 5294 , 5295 the literal meaning `on the shoulder' is probably intended). See 1 gúala. sléchtaid ... f.¤ díb traigthib ind noeb, Ériu ii 204.9 . Cf. is ar bordaibh cuirid iat they put them (sitting) at tables Maund. 39 . fon domun f.¤ cech leth (gl. longe lateque) Ml. 53b9 . tho ḟolt scailti ... f.¤ cach n-óenleth, SR 1602 . biait ar mná ... f.¤ bróntib at the querns (i.e. grinding corn, cf. II l) LU 5610 . nírb áelid dóib ar buí in slúag forro for cech leth, LU 1441 .

Cf. the fig. expressions: f.¤ belib (gl. in caritate non ficta) Wb. 15a37 . f.¤ bréthir (oppd. to in corde) 15d5 . indí forsa n-airisedar in gním (gl. in quem fit actus) Sg. 139b1 . is mithig forchenn fair, Ml. 118b6 .

Of pregnancy: in tan robtar lán a n-noí mís f.¤ Cormac when she had carried C. for nine months ZCP viii 310.31 . Cf. ba torrach f.¤ C. ib. 29 . See torrach. Possibly this use belongs rather to II.

(c) Freq. in sense upheld, supported by, also being worn (esp. of weapons, ornaments; IMM is regularly used of clothes) or carried by: Crist co crunn a cruche foir fesin (i.e. carrying it) Tur. 123 . acht robed arma Dae foirib, Wb. 22d15 . gaibid armma Dae foirib, 22d11 . día mbeth gaisced foraib if they carried arms LU 7296 ( BDD 94 ). fotalsceith foraib, LU 4491 . sciath f.¤ a chliu, LL 241b34 ( TTr. 1856 ). scíath ... f.¤ a muin, LU 10664 . claideb f.¤ a ṡliastaib, 9269 . claideb ...f.¤ a chris, 6561 . dulend f.¤ a bruinnib, 9267 . ticfat da dam ... ┐ tabraidsi in carpat foraib (= harness them to it) 3124 . ro inled a carpatt forna echu, Trip.² 2852 . ro loisc ... in cherdcha forro `set fire to the forge in which they were' (cf. II (m)) RC xxiv 194 ( YBL 188b ). f.¤ óenchoiss (standing) on one leg LU 6983 . atchiat insi ... f.¤ óenchois on a single pillar LU 1936 (cf. II j, 2).

(d) after vb. of placing, hoisting, over, up: focress a phupall f.¤ Ailill, LU 4618 . Claitir in fert fair, ZCP viii 560.33 . tuargabsat T. idnaid catha forru, LL 225a37 ( TTr. 552 ). toccbaid for mergedha foraibh, CCath. 610 . ro toccbait a fainbreiti siuil forta, 2870 . ra tocbait a eoin gaithi ... ḟurri `its vanes were uplifted' (of a ship) TTr. 140 ( LL 219a8 ). (fig.) tuárgabad fornn aire fochide, Wb. 14b22 .

Cf. la turcbail a mátan fair, LU 6560 , where the prep. evidently refers to the performer of the action. Similarly: tócbaid in derba fair ┐ dobeir bulli in [sic] cend na mná 4357 .

(e) Of things attached to, or forming part of a body, etc., as, parts of weapons; hair, limbs; leaves of trees, etc.: manais f.¤ crúnd midsing, LU 4491 . folt buidi furri 4512 . mong ... fair, 10795 . in folt ... ro asair furri 4231 . tri cruindberrtha foraib, 7139 . ni lugu bís finn fo a dernaind oldās fuirri anúas (of a hare), Bodl. Corm. s.v. pattu. a chend féin f.¤ ind ir út, LU 460 . cēt muinēl furri ┐ cét cend f.¤ cach muineol, 2430 . cét bass ... cét n-ingen f.¤ cach oenbaiss, 888 . .l. torc ... co cruib eich foraib = having the hooves of a horse Ériu xii 176.9 ( TE III 9 ). rethi co n-olaind ordai fair, LL 218a36 ( TTr. 93 ). lia nat luibi f.¤ maigaib, SR 935 . nach crann fors mbeth duilirath, 1364 . ásfaid ind oland forsnaib cairib, LL 291b26 ( RC xiii 462 . Cf. olann ... mar bis ar caerchaib ..., Maund. 181 ). di lus bís forsnaib caircib, Tur. 115 . lir ... fér f.¤ faichthi, LU 7233 ( BDD 89 ). lir ... dulli f.¤ fidbaid, LL 120b33 . Cf. dorigni cúach cera da gnúis ┐ da agid fair, LU 6453 . brisfed mo chend formsa, 5275 . co mmebaid a chend fair, 5300 where the prep. apparently imparts precision or emphasis, but cf. II (m). co tarla a di bond bána fair (= he became a corpse) LU 1497 ( MU² 987 ). a mbuind banai forra iarna trascrad RC xii 90 (see 1 bonn). Cf. techtaid delba ... fair, LU 2701 , cited II (a) below.

(f) In, amongst; forming a part of, mixed with: Colman diata Clann Colmáin f.¤ Feraib Li (i.e. belonging to F.L.) ZCP viii 293.31 (= a quo Cl.C. hi F.L., Rawl. 140a18 ). Mail D. a quo sil M.D. f.¤ Huib Echdach, Rawl. 140a21 = ZCP viii 294.4 . bátar Cristaidi forna cathaib sin diblínaib in both those battalions Marco P. 64 .

(g) With acc. After verb or vn. implying motion on, to, towards: intí do thuit foir, Wb. 4d15 . for a mbeulu (gl. prone cadentium) Ml. 131b6 . dosfuit f.¤ lar, SR 1719 . techt f.¤ nem, Wb. 15c22 . lotair f.¤ muir, LU 1697 . amal no théigtis suas forin drochet, 1794 . dofutitis écne ... anúas f.¤ talmain, 1916 . berthair uaimse f.¤ altóir A., 1932 . ro díbairgsi certli forsin luiṅg, LL 221b46 ( TTr. 344 ). ní cían ro saig mu suil forsa muir not far doth mine eye reach over the sea Trip.² 1312 (114) . na taít f.¤ culu, Wb. 25c14 . in grían do thecht ... f.¤ culu, Ml. 61a13 (see cúl). cingid ... di cach biur f.¤ araili, LU 5733 . téit ara chend forsin taulaig, 5759 . saidsíus f.¤ medón na glassi, 4797 . timachtatár taris ... la crand f.¤ scíathu by (beating) shafts against shields 5828 . do theged fian ... do seilg fairsium, 6138 . benaim beimend ... f.¤ slóg, 6171 . Cf. nicon tetarraid béim ... fair, 5977 . ní lamar fuligud forrosom, 4960 . Also fig.: léim ... dind tinchosc ... f.¤ aisndiis di thuiste dúile, Wb. 5c16 . ni tāinig cride neich fair no one had pity on him RC xxiv 48 (see do-icc).

In late MSS. the dat. pl. is common here: guro tuitseat f.¤ fanglenntaibh na tiri, CCath. 866 .

Across, by way of: nachab ticfed for rí ... do imthecht foirib a doirsea, Ml. 46a14 . f.¤ sligi M. dochoidsi, LU 5788 . issed dollotar ... .i. f.¤ Muicc C. ... f.¤ Crond, hi Cualngi across Muicc C. ... across Crond, into Cualnge 4593 - 4608 . tiat A. ... f.¤ Midlúachrae. ragmaine ┐ F. f.¤ Bernas nU., 5396 . comergit ... ara ammus, araill dib f.¤ less, araill f.¤ doras liss 5017 . fócoislé f.¤ forlés in tige, 10910 (cf. con-acca in n-én forsin forléss a ddochum, BDD 7 ). co tánic a inchind f.¤ a chlúasa, LU 5286 . co ndeochaid f.¤ a béolo sair, 6026 . docoised ferchend fora beolu, 5919 . maidid a loim fola f.¤ a beolu LL 273az .

See also under the verbs of motion referred to in III below, and such words as leth, 1 lorg, 1 selg, slicht, etc.

In follg. ex. the meaning is not clear: ro túaslaicthe f.¤ aicned na ndūl dia ndernta, LU 2518 (`according to the nature' Stokes, RC xxv 237 ). Cf. ro tuaislaiced fo aicned na ndula `was resolved into the original nature of the elements' PH 6980 .

II Of quasi-local relations, and in abstract and fig. expressions:

(a) of form, appearance, hue, flavour: delb a bais som form, Wb. 24a8 . delb anmandae foraib, Ml. 130a3 . ecosc n-abstal forib, Wb. 24a25 . condarbastar gné fírinne fuiri Ml. 95b6 (cf. delb domárfas fair, LU 4576 ). atá comarde fuirib, Wb. 21a5 . (Cf. the lit.: bíth comardae f.¤ a mbudin LU 5540 ). techtaid delba ┐ gnei écsamla fair, LU 2701 , cf. I (e), end. is follus ... gné mbróin fairseom, 2279 . datha na flesc ... hed nobid forsna huanaib, SR 2964 . na treoit ┐ dath óir f.¤ a n-alaind, LL 218a45 ( TTr. 99 ). sruth ... co rath somailse foir, Ml. 89d3 . bieid rath somailse f.¤ a belru 89c15 . secip blas bá mellach ... fogebed fair, LU 1788 . tintud Septin ... is he fil forna psalmaib (= the psalms are translated from the Septuagint version) Hib. Min. 10.334 .

(b) of arrangement, state, process; division, classification; naming: inna imthanad .i. fele [ = file] forsnaib ráthib, Ml. 93c7 . ataat .uii. ngne forsin chombug `the confraction is of seven kinds' Thes. ii 254.7 . oengles foraib huile, SR 92 . ataat deora erndaili forsin canoin, Hib. Min. 3.63 . atat cetri gnuse forsin canoin ib. 78 . cis lir rann fil f.¤ crū? Ériu i 214.12 . atat tri altai leusom f.¤ ind gabail (of singing the Canticles), Mon. Tall. § 33 (= atad dá mhodh ara n-abairthear íad, Rule of Tallaght 102 ). cia ord bias forru, LU 2575 . is diall femin file fair it is of the feminine declension Sg. 93b2 . doralsat óenclár catha foraib dia tobairt, LU 1478 ( MU² 955 ; `formed themselves into a solid phalanx' SGS v 30 ). daringsetar comraind slúaig forru, LL 224b30 ( TTr. 550 ). ni rabi cumsanad forsin chathugud sin ... the fighting did not cease LL 242a3 ( TTr. 1873 ). conach bui nach tairisimh f.¤ a n-urcoraib occo, CCath. 5660 . ro tṡeindestar C. a timpan ┐ tuc nuallorgan sidhe fuirri, Acall. 4620 . ro dercsat na moli ... for fogluasacht, ┐ ni facadar seoladh no iomramh fortó they saw the ... masses in movement yet they did not see them being sailed or rowed CCath. 2655 . Of names: nipa far n-ainmsi bias forib, Wb. 4d2 . da n-ainm fuirri, ZCP viii 106 § 5 . roboí ... oc iarraid a anma do bith forsin cnuc, LU 3150 . combad de sin nobeth Almu furri 3145 . Mane f.¤ cach fir díb ┐ forainm f.¤ cach Mani, 6847 . a ainm do bith forsin luing ┐ f.¤ a fairind, LL 219a30 ( TTr. 158 ). atá Dún tri liacc d'ainm fair, Acall. 1178 . See also s.v. for-tá.

(c) Of point of time; coincidence of occurrence: fēli ... do curither for dardain no mairt, Rule of Céli D. 9 ( LB 9b ). do toscelad aiss aesci far caisc `to ascertain the moon's age on Easter' Thes. ii 39.24 ; 27 . cid lae sechtmaine fora mbí Kl. Ian., Thes. ii 41.17 . calainn Enair for dardaín, ZCP viii 111.6 . Ann. Conn. 1226 , etc. Kl. enair for Domnuch ┐ xuiii furri New Year's day on a Sunday and the 18th of the moon on it [lit. her, calann, f.] Ann. Inisf. 43c (1206) = ALC i 234 . in la forsmbi bisex, Fél. 78.11 . ind naob asa feil bís for ind láo, Mon. Tall. § 8 (= sa feil do biodh ar an la sin, Rule of Tallaght 42 ). for cach ló every day CCath. 358 .

(d) on (of that by which something is evident, known, recognized, etc.): rēil f.¤ a mbrēthir ōn a n-andach imme ro[r]daisset `is clear from their word' Ml. 90d16 . is reil fornn ... condrancamar fria morolcc, SR 1347 . follus f.¤ th'erlabra fén do pheccad, PH 5169 . ni ro airigsium fort ... .i. f.¤ do gnímrad ... ailcius dula dochúm nime ocut, 8213 . is follus f.¤ suidhichthibh na Roma conad docra ... congbail in cadusa ina fogbail in ratha, CCath. 803 . Cf. ba follus a n-anádh [sic leg.] fein f.¤ na Romanchaib the ill-luck of the Romans was manifest 810 (cf. e). Cf. ba mor in galur di, dael oca diul ... ni fitir nech sin furri, Fél. 44.1 (possibly = she showed no sign of it, though also it might = no one knew she was so afflicted). Cf. also: ni fitir nech dib f.¤ araile a n-imchossait do B., LU 8251 . Cf. (m) last cit., and see 1 ráthaigid.

(e) With words expressing quality, talent, success, etc. indicating the possessor of these: is foraib bíaid búaid in tslóig, LU 4631 (`it is to their credit the victory of the hosts will be' Faraday, Cattleraid of C.). ní fair bías a nós nách a allud nach a irdarcus acht is fortso, LU 6376 (cf. is oraibsi bias a nós ┐ a allud ┐ a urdarcus, Acall. 3575 Fr; R). itát tri búada formsa .i. búaid roisc, etc. I have three talents, i.e. the talent of sight, etc. LU 4791 . rath fortsu ... ina lōg sin, 3114 . bátár teóra búada aradnachta forin n-araid in lá sin, 6407 (cf. buaid lamaig ort!, Acall. 4809 ). ba ferr leo a mudhughudh innas a somain f.¤ a naimdib `they preferred to destroy them than to benefit their enemies there with' CCath. 2484 . Cf. ni fil do chonāch formsa in fer sin im fiednaisi, 3576 (testem hunc fortuna negavit Luc. Phars. vi 159 ).

(f) over (of rule, sway; superior might): a cumacte f.¤ a mogaib, Wb. 27c16 . mu chumachtae forna doini, Ml. 56b2 . bit flathi f.¤ cāch, 85b2 . a cumachta f.¤ dúlib, LL 218b6 ( TTr. 106 ). doratsat rīgi ... | do Dauid ... | f.¤ túathaib, SR 6620 . i n-aimsir Cinaeda ... f.¤ Albain, 2350 . Temair ... cen rechtgi ríg furri, LU 3440 . mairg forsa mbía do thigernu demon, 2225 . ro gab tra nert Saxan f.¤ Bretnu ... ┐ rogab O. rige forru, 277 . bui rí amra f.¤ Érinn, BDD 1 . bai rí f.¤ Ultaib, YBL 114b6 . co raghbhaitis oénrig forru, TTr.² 1339 . (cf. rí ar gach tír, Maund. 243 . Eogan mac M. ... ar tsil nA., 6 . Magidoin ... is uirri sin da bí Alaxander na ríg 21 ). tussu ... do giallud forni, LU 1674 . ropada[t] trēn f.¤ ōcaib, 6720 . ni fríth fornert nacha fini foraib cosindiu `never until to-day did any tribe oppress you' TTr. 1645 ( LL 239a13 ).

(g) upon, in addition to (see do-formaig): fair anuas in addition to it Cáin Ad. 25 . cach ae f.¤ alaill (gl. cumularentur) Ml. 96b4 . cumal f.¤ a secht eight cumals Laws iv 330.8 ( Críth G. 464 ). óen f.¤ trí secht twenty-two Metr. Dinds. iii 98 . sé scripuil f.¤ unga an ounce and six scruples Cáin Ad. 44 . mis f.¤ bliadain a year and a month ACL iii 3.9 . ro marbhadh fer f.¤ a deich diobh, BNnÉ 107 § 25 . fer f.¤ leth Connacht `more than half the C.' Cóir Anm. 251 (cf. treab ar leth Alpan, IT ii2 123.32 . duine ar leith fer nErenn, SG 20.36 ). tercda arro tuilled da forsin focul cert where `da' has been added to the right word LU 462 ( ACC 2 Comm. ). dobeir Dia traig cacha bliadna f.¤ a lethet adds a foot to its width LU 1843 . ind forcraid fil f.¤ aicniud what exceeds nature 2559 . a nduesta día aīs som co ndigsed f.¤ áes a maicc, Trip.² 1268 . Cf. da beind f.¤ tri fichtib rend, LU 1271 (`Two antlers with three score points' Imr. Brain ii 297 ).

forib nó sech na huili predicta (gl. super omnia autem haec) Colloss. iii 14 ) Wb. 27b20 .

From this use arises the sense in succession to, after , the development is plain in the earlier exx. quoted below: du fuairthed ní leu f.¤ a sāith din main = some of the manna used to remain over when they had had their fill Ml. 97d10 . a canar ... for sen `what is chanted ... thereafter' Thes. ii 253.14 (Stowe Miss.). loim f.¤ sāith, LU 3610 ( SCC 30 ). cleirech ... lasmbí ní f.¤ a leortu who has more than suffices him Ériu vii 156 § 10 . doformagar a dligid ... forsanní doruirmisem over and above what we have enumerated Ériu i 220 § 15 . in biat forsa canar immon Muiri `the Beati after which the Hymn to Mary is sung' Mon. Tall. § 30 (corresp. to: don bhiaid le n-abradh I.M., Rule of Tallaght 90 ). ind bi[a]t forsa ndene ind crosfigild `the Beati after which he performs the cross-vigil' ib. (corresp. to: le ndeunamh an chr., Rule of Tallaght 90 ). canair magnificat furri ib. (= Cantar M. uirre, Rule of Tallaght 90 ). cétbliada[i]n f.¤ bisex ... bliada[i]n tanaiste f.¤ bisex the first year following leap-year ... the second year ... RC xviii 296 - 300 . cf. it bliadni fuir bissext, Thes. ii 39.22 (cf. Ann. Inisf. 1101 ). ind ráithe dothét foir .i. samrad ZCP viii 175z . forsind ochtmugait bliadnae són `over the eighty years' (gl. supra uotum uiuendi) Ml. 111b22 .

In the follg. exx. we have a slightly different development of meaning; in addition to, along with: oc ool usci ... do dig forsna glasluibib, SR 1894 = ... fér in talman do chaithem ... ┐ usce do dhig fair, LB 113a26 (cf. superbibere). Cf. further: o duillib in crainn sin d'ól ar uisque , Maund. 160 .

(h)

(1) on, i.e., affecting, afflicting (of emotions, physical or mental states or conditions, joy, sorrow, fear, anxiety, sickness, pain, hunger, etc.; see also under words expressive of these): comadas lobre et immomon forsin mug, Wb. 8b1 . ni bi nach dethiden foir, 10b9 . ata dethiden fuiri cene, 3d34 . sním fora menmain, Ml. 89b7 . is e for snimsa fil formsa `it is care for you that I feel' CCath. 5148 . dond imniud roboí forsin popul, Ml. 103b9 . ni baí imneth foraib, LU 5832 . nicon robae ni form acht failte, Ml. 104d2 . biith galar ... fortsu, Wb. 29a26 (cf. mina roibh cosachtach air, Rosa Angl. 288.10 ). cia rodbatar tirbithi aili fornn, Wb. 14d13 . boí toirrsi f.¤ a muime, Trip.² 156 (cf. ni do thabirt toirse fuiribsi anísiu, Wb. 14a14 ). atā ēcen mōr fornd, LU 1562 . in machdad ... roboí forsnaib doirsib, Ml. 46a19 . in cóe ... boí f.¤ sluagaib I., SR 5806 . intí forsa mbeith ítu mór, Mon. Tall. § 48 (= damadh mor an ita do bhiadh ar neach, Rule of Tallaght § 98 ). bo geis don filidh anfis do beith fair, ACL iii 4.20 . Cf. i n-ítaid, i ngalur, etc. LU 2350 - 51 . cen ainbthini foraib (gl. fluctus ... in stationes suas rediunt) Ml. 121a5 .

With adjectives: arnap trom fuirib for n-oínur Wb. 14d17 . trummu foraib som imram ... quam techt ..., Ml. 126a4 . ní réid fort you do not find it easy LU 4789 (cf. ro étrummaigset doíri forna cenela, Ml. 113c8 ). ni ba mór forumsa sain, LL 234a34 ( TTr. 1278 = BB 426b42 ). ni mó formsa ... cid fiala a flaithe, ACL iii 296.38 . See also s.v. bec (beg). Some exx. with 1 esbaid, esbud may be mentioned here although in O.Ir. it takes 1 ar of person deprived : na raib form esbaid, SR 1584 . cen essbaid nacha maithiusa foraib, LU 2042 ( FA 12 ).

(2) of purpose, attention: scríbend menmman .i. robboí f.¤ a inndṡliucht som `it had been in his mind' Sg. 178b4 . in sét atá form aire on which I am intent Ériu vi 115 . Cf. nicon fil f.¤ menmain damsa sin, Ériu viii 156.22 .

(i) governing object of blessing, cursing, punishing, etc.: mallacht ... for a n-apaid, LU 2436 . mallacht fort beolu, LL 272b2 . dígal ... forru, Wb. 1d3 . conicc dígail forib, 6a17 . ni dechudsa cucuib ... do aidbiur foirib, Wb. 14c40 . bendacht Dé f.¤ Díchuin, Trip.² 387 . bendecht f.¤ Firu Cúle, 2157 . bennacht dé ┐ ande fort, LU 6852 . bai a mbennacht f.¤ Iosiaph, SR 3552 . ní ó gothaib ... dogénat ... in molad sa f.¤ Dia, LU 2676 .

(j)

(1) existing on, by means of (a food, diet): ros altatar f.¤ carnaib mac ṁbec reared her on Rawl. 132a5 ( Expuls. 8 ). adbert nad ebalta lee hē f.¤ lacht, BB 497a17 (= Dinds. 142 ). teora bliadnai f.¤ usciu ┐ bargin, Ériu vii 140.5 . secht mís ... f.¤ usce ┐ bargin, RC xv 489z ( ar usci ┐ b., 491.1 ). rosáeth linni do bithsiu f.¤ uisciu, LU 6051 . Cf. xl dies f.¤ doborfiit forty days on water-diet Thes. ii 38.29 (see PIT, and Thes., p. 67 ). roboi si f.¤ suidiu co cend mbliadna she was on that ration for a year Mon. Tall. § 60 . dā cēd bliadhain doib f.¤ iascc, f.¤ enlaith, Leb. Gab.(i) i 30 . conid furri [ = forsin chloich] buí sásad dó etir biadh ┐ digh (of a stone placed in his cheek), Cáin Ad. 12 . Cf. coro rosind mo ṡáith f.¤ t'acaldaimsiu, Mon. Tall. § 25 (= mo shaith cainnte d'fhaghail riotsa, Rule of Tallaght § 81 ).

(2) a similar use is relying on, depending on; sometimes = content with (some of the citations however seem to approach the meaning under k): do berar mac an righ ... f.¤ aoncois ┐ aonlaim ┐ aonshuil (i.e. having the use of these only, cf. the corresp. passage: Rex ... habebat filium qui erat c[a]ecus, claudus et surdus V. SS. Hib. ii 146 ) BNnÉ 185.14 . Cf. .ccc. fear f.¤ aencossaib ┐ f.¤ aenlamaib ┐ aensuilib, BB 372a45 ( Dinds. 41 ). See also I (c), end. cethri coicid E. form laim ┐ form gail ┐ form gaisced do aurscartad di Maig M. `on my hand and my valour and my weapons it rests to sweep the four-fifths of E. from M. M.' RC iii 179 ( LL 121a12 ). Ni horum ata, acht forma tuismidhtoraib (= it is not for me to decide), Stair Erc. 932 . mád día loga bemitni f.¤ a breith mani loga ... ni bemni forsind recht sin if he forgives we will abide by his judgment ... if he does not forgive we will not abide by that law LU 9753 . foemuis ... oirisium f.¤ dliged a sen, Marco P. 25 . on tsaeibhdliged fora taithe, 24 . bid inund comairle f.¤ a mbiat, LU 2639 . ni bar óenscéol atát na druid the druids do not agree LL 265a39 ( MU² 452 ), a airm f.¤ congbail ina laim grasped in his hand CCath. 3546 . conimragba f.¤ greis. ┐ dītin ... dom imdegail ar demnaib, YBL 327a16 ( Ir. Lit. 34 ), see 1 greis(s). See also commairge, fáes(s)am, etc. Here probably: bid maith a ana f.¤ cethru his wealth in cattle ZCP x 225 § 2 . dogegaind | anad sunn f.¤ bicc ḟeraind, Trip.², 1273 (= content with ?). Cf. also Corm. Y 211 cited supra, col. 192.3. appraind ná bása f.¤ mo nirt would I had been in my strength ! LU 6370 . Cf. in tan roboí Mac C. f.¤ a áltaib isind ármaig when Mac C. lay wounded on the field LU 7964 ( BDD 162 ). Cf. far diall tanaisiu of the second declension. Sg. 106b20 . is fuire side daroine O. in Félire in this (metre) O. composed the F. Fél. 4 .

The uses illustrated, respectively, in the two sections following are not always easy to distinguish. The principal difference is that (k) usually expresses passivity rather than activity. Some of the exx. there might possibly be assigned to (j), while in (l) action, purpose is implied. For later exx. see 1 AR, where the absence of lenition in these uses betrays the original prep.

(k) With abstr. or vn. , also with adj. in (a state, condition) : amal mbīs rothmol ... f.¤ bithimpud, SR 200 . f.¤ tuili doib they were in flood 2523 . sruth ... f.¤ teibirsin, Marco P. 5 . sornd tentide f.¤ lassad blazing LU 2101 . ina lócharnaib f.¤ lassad, 2055 (but : secht míle ... oc lassad 2057 ). aithinni f.¤ derglassad, CCath. 903 . co togrennitis ... inna heonu f.¤ luamain, LU 5159 . co mbui f.¤ foluamain imma chend, LL 225aw ( TTr. 600 ). batar na Desi f.¤ fainnel as cach inud na chéli, LU 4433 . f.¤ fainiul a lluc i lluc, 249 . foendul ┐ sechrán, PH 1909 . co rabatar lestra ... in tige f.¤ snám, Trip.² 114 . co rabhadur na botha ... f.¤ snam `floating' CCath. 2347 . o ro linad ind arc ... robaí in digal f.¤ imluad SR 2510 . a mbatár ... f.¤ imluad forsna tonnaib, LU 1864 . Rí ... ro horddaig in nUan iarsin tsleib f.¤ a imluad, SR 594 ( Rev. xiv 1 ). Cf. na bi f.¤ snim th'aislinge, SR 3282 (= na tab- hi snim, LB 115b46 ; nacatabrad imsnim, BB 238a24 ). f. Cf. f.¤ othrus, f.¤ folach, BCrólige 26 ff . f.¤ longais in exile Ml. 93d3 . cia bemni f.¤ longais, LU 4861 (= f.¤ loinges riam TBC-I¹ 371 ). cach oen fil f.¤ loinges ┐ teched, PH 460 . Cf. ba hé a lín f.¤ a longais, SR 6276 . boí f.¤ merogod, LU 1642 . rabaí f.¤ merfaill ┐ merugud ic iarraid a aite, LL 220a41 ( TTr. 233 ). bith deitsiu f.¤ merogod tige oiged, LU 6757 ( BDD 27 ). f.¤ aig thaig, SR 3477 . forsin reim sin, LL 232b ( TTr. 1239 ). f.¤ comrorcain in error PH 6602 . f.¤ fírinne in the right 2671 . is fír forstā Lucifur, SR 1839 (j ?). anmanda ... bis f.¤ cennsacht ┐ pettacht `tamed and petted' CCath. 2453 . conacca dá ech f.¤ sgur unharnessed ZCP viii 106.23 . roboí F. f.¤ altram la hAni, LL 165az (= Dinds. 142 ). boí leis f.¤ cui LU 10941 (see cáe, fecht). dind riuth forsa taith, Wb. 20b6 .

connfaca na tri leogain ... f.¤ dasacht ina ndocum, Stair Erc. 389 . sccuiridh don dasacht fora taithi the madness which possesses you BNnÉ 7 § 23 .

Cf. dā fercoin ... fur an dath cētna of the same color ZCP vi 29.18 (rosg ar dath gloine guirme, GF. DDána 234 . ar chruth ┐ ar dheilbh Dé, TSh. 1329 ). With adj. f.¤ cloen inclined Thes. ii 254.19 . ni bia lamnad f.¤ cōir normal delivery ZCP viii 111.25 .

After verb of motion : docoid O. ... dochum Poil f.¤ longis `had gone to Paul into exile' Wb. 31d19 . di[a] luid D. f.¤ longais, Ml. 55c1 . tiagat f.¤ teiched, 54b12 . ar foít f.¤ techtairechta, Wb. 15a15 . téit f.¤ teched, LU 4917 ( tíagait ar teched, 4965 , both in hand of M). tigc ceo ann ... ┐ do luid an ri f.¤ merugud, BColm. 70.28 . ria ndula doib f.¤ a fecht, SR 3505 (see fecht). In : téit ina ndíaid ... f.¤ echlascad, LU 6786 ( BDD 32 ) the meaning is almost `by dint of' (cf. j). Cf. tainic ina dhochum ... f.¤ a tuitmennaigh `came ... stumbling' CCath. 2199 . ni far maid rosnuicc `it has not brought them to good' Wb. 5b3 . ní thaudchaid a brú f.¤ cóir LU 6078 . ní téighedh béim ... f.¤ dimaín `no blow was delivered in vain' CCath. 2012 .

See 1 téit, do-tét.

(l) At, engaged in (an occupation or task) : cach la sel dún f.¤ imrádud Dé, in sel aile f.¤ precept, Wb. 15d9 . f.¤ foigdi 25b11 . basa f.¤ a imcabail I was avoiding him LU 1244 . ma beith nech f.¤ a iarair if any one be inquiring about it Rawl. 70a44 . cia f.¤ a tai iarair ? whom art thou seeking ? SR 3096 ( co ndechos f.¤ iarair Etaine, LU 10644 ). frisin coais f.¤a robae som, Ml. 64a12 . ... inna ndrochgnímae f.¤sa robae, Tur. 60 . buid f.¤ tectairecht hó Isu, Wb. 13b5 .

This construction is widely extended : mí dhóibh forsin fleighsin they spent a month at that feast Marco P. 88 . go rabhattar f.¤ a bproind at their meal BNnÉ 9.10 (cf. similar use of Engl. `over'). airet batar ... f.¤ a trealmaibh diubraicti `so long as the hosts were discharging their missiles' CCath. 5662 . a mbatar ... f.¤ a mbriathraib `as they were speaking' Ériu xii 182 § 14 (= LU 10895 ). ro uhatar tra for [sna] himdigluib sin cēn romarsat `they kept up these mutual retaliations' ACL iii 2.15 .

(m) To express the dativus incommodi, the person adversely affected by the action, = in despite of, to the detriment of. (Cf. the apparently similar use of AR in : ducer airi airitech ind ríg `he let fall the king's drinking cup' Lism. L. p. 324 = Irish Texts i 10 § 32 ). cf. atbath airund, LU 593 ( ACC 14 ): fó'n missi ro briss recht ... | foirb ? or was it I that broke the law to your hurt ? SR 5533 . arna bristé fír fer f.¤ Coin C., LU 6259 . conbocht fír fer fairseom, 6239 . gabais B. ... in n-insi sea forsna cenela robátar inti, LU 1343 . atraigsetar ... L. do gabail in tiri sin forro di cach leith, LU 4390 (see gaibid). dobersa ferand duib ... la Osraige ... ┐ is cet duibsiu a forsingud foraib, 4439 . iar togail Duin S. furri, 5823 . congair ... immá tech dia gabáil f.¤ Ulto, 1506 ( MU² 1003 ). Tancatar a námait ... do gabáil tige fair, RC xiii 86 ( LL 304a17 ). luidh A. ... do irghabhail a chathrach fair, Marco P. 7 . do choll etha na hindsi sea fair to injure him by blighting the corn Dinds. 18 ( BB 360a15 ). tarraidh Hectoir baegul f.¤ Achíl, LL 244a16 ( TTr. 2029 ; see báegul). co tairsedh cach dib a mídúthracht ... f.¤ araili, CCath. 255 (see tárrachtain).

In some instances it is difficult to distinguish this use from the local meaning (I c), e.g. ro línad fair in sliab di énlaithib = graues aues fuerunt erga illum Trip.² 1300 .

Cf. also: ní tae dám i tech fort, BDD 16 . is aurgart ... corr colpdai do brisiud fair hi tig, Ériu vi 136.85 is taken in this sense by the editor (fair `in his despite' 141n .), but cf. I (e) end. In : ro foilghiusa sin ... ┐ ní fitir nech form cusaniu, RC xxvi 366 (= ní fitir nech in folach sin cusandiu LB 260a20 ) this sense seems implicit, though at first sight the ex. might seem to belong to (d).

Cf. use with 1 do-fich (togal), do-gní, fellaid (fell).

(n) expressing obligation, constraint, compulsion (see 1 fíach; do-beir) : nech forsa tabar a denum `one who is compelled to do it' Ml. 54a2 . folach f.¤ fer nad fuic `where a man who injures not has to maintain' BCrólige § 15 . aithgin fuirre i mbās in case of death she is liable for restitution Laws v 146.6 Comm.

(o) expressing worth, value (late and rare.Cf. IV a) : dá cét punt f.¤ cach n-eoch, Marco P. 9 .

(p) for phrases such as : f.¤ aird, f.¤ cel, f.¤ cúl (cúlu) f.¤ enech (inchaib), f.¤ fáesam (comairce), f.¤ son, etc., see these nouns.

(q) after adj. gov. obj. of emotion, faculty (rare) : ni pu f.¤ seotu santach, Hy v 7 ( Thes. ii 328 ). nirbat santach forsin bith | nach f.¤ innem cloen, LB 261a8 (= imman mbith, YBL 407a17 ). isam eolach sa f.¤ a muintir, Aisl. Tond. 113.2 .

III With a number of verbs in regular syntactical construction or in special expressions. It indicates the indirect (in some cases the direct) object (pers. or thing) after verbs of asking, entreating, seeking; tempting; discussing, meditating; fighting, attacking, routing, defeating, overthrowing; blessing, cursing, censuring; suing; enjoining, commanding; estimating, judging, punishing; giving, bestowing; binding, pledging; putting, placing, throwing, etc., etc. For exx. of use see especially : ad-cobra, ad-cota, ad-eirrig, ad-fét (as-indet), ad-slig, ad-suidi, aithnid (ad-noí), beirid, bris(s)id, 1 ceisid, con-dïeig, dáilid, 2 do-alla, do-beir, 1 do-cain (díchetal), do-cuirethar, do-éccai (1 dercaid, fégaid), 1 do-ella, 1 do-fich (dígal), do-gní, do-icc, do-indnaig, do-léci, do-scé(u)lai, do-sluindi (diúltad), do-soí, do-tét, do-tuit, dúnaid, feccaid, feraid (ferthain), foaid, fo-ceird, fo-coisle(a), fo-dáli, fo-luigi (see II above), for-congair, fo-ruimi, fothraicid, fúabair, fóbair, gaibid, guidid, íadaid, íarmi-foich (íarar, íarair), imm-beir, léicid, liïd, lingid (léimm), maidid, midithir (1 mes(s)), moídid, nascid (ar-naisc, fo-naisc), 2 nertaid, roínid (sroínid), saidid, 1 saigid, soïd, sreid, 1 téit, 1 tráchtaid.

Cf. IV below.

IV In Mid. Ir. MSS. sometimes misused for O.Ir. AR, especially in verbal constructions (see III) :

(a) on account of, because of, for the sake of: foracsabairsi foromsa cach maith, LU 2397 (H). císsi lóg conattaig f.¤ a eladain, LL 219a27 ( TTr. 156 ). tabuirsiu f.¤ do soīre give [it] for the sake of thy freedom Anecd. iii 30 = ar do sh., Lism. L. 190 . ni accatarsom cinnas boí ... a huachtur túas f.¤ a hairde, LU 1927 . ni f.¤ crabud léce do miltnidecht uait, acht ar omun in catha, LB 59b62 ( RC ii 388 ). in fath forar crochad Isu, PH 2877 . Cf. na huile noebnoidenu ro damatar marttra forut [ = erut] YBL 327a2 ( Ir. Lit. 34 ). combad f.¤ Martain dogneth Dia in mírbuil for M.'s sake LB 60a4 ( RC ii 388 ). dia n[d]erntasu formsa if you would do as I tell you TBC-LL¹ 1802 . ni dearnnsad fair they did not obey him Dinds. 79 (= BB 390a39 ). ni dernai E. ḟurri anisein, LL 222a6 ( TTr. 351 ). dorónadh fairsium sin, CCath. 2896 . See do-gní. ro oentuigset in ní sin f.¤ Chaillin according to C.'s advice Fen. 178.7 . ic attach in Choimded ... f.¤ animmib na ndoine on behalf of PH 6393 . ro guid M. in Coimdid forru, LB 61a5 ( RC ii 398y ).

(b) Freq. with indirect obj. of verbs of concealing, delivering, rescuing (e.g. ceilid, do-essuirg, fo-luigi, saeraid, q.v.). In : gan nert cobharta forra fein incapable of helping themselves BNnÉ 5 § 11 , FOR replaces FRI, or direct acc. (= gen. after vn.). (But cf. use of f.¤ with fortacht, and AR with the late formation foirid, fóirid) : cid ara n-anci in laech ḟorrum, LL 284a13 ( TTr. 1261 ).

(c) in some phrases : f.¤ bélaib (= ar b.) SR 4568 . f.¤ a n-inchaib, CCath. 2407.3633 . f.¤ cend, LU 5954 , 5958 (H). f.¤ cind, 5890 (H). f.¤ tús, LB 61a5 ( RC ii 396x ). FA 3 LB (= ar thús, LU 1967 ). Cf. f.¤ dus (v.l. f.¤ tus), CCath. 303 . See also under these nouns.

V ? Adverbial use of 3 s. neut.: na for aircella echdrund n-aircend 'nor in addition does it take away the definite property of another' Peritia iii 446 (Text II) .

imb, imm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imb, imm or dil.ie/27284

Forms: imb, imm

n n, n. later m. n s. imb n-eine óil, Críth G. 74. int imm , Three Hom. 62.24 .

butter: imb ab imbre, quasi imber super flore[s] praestat mel et butirum , Corm. Y 772. cetna thogairt dia foided | la cet-im hi fenamain (glossed dond arge ar chend imbi), Lib. Hymn. 116.50 . (= Thes. ii 332 -6). do chuinchid chísa grotha ocus imbi, Trip.² 183. feóil dóibh ... gacha tratha ... go ruigi in ced domnach do corgas ┐ im doib annside... im doibh gacha tratha nach coir feoil, O'Curry 1823 ( 23 Q 6, 46 b ). cuad lan imme in tanaise bliadain damna dá n-eme in tres bliadain fer im ┐ ban imb. cethri ordlaighi indrac do ban eim, a .u. do fer imb, O'Curry 881 ( H 3.18, p. 394 b ). in tabrai dam ... | sail loim im ocus aran, Laws v 64.19 Comm. di rusccaib imme `with firkins of butter,' Mon. Tall. 128.13 . gach clas ro claideadh do línadh do arbaim alaill do ímbim, Laws iv 98.15 Comm. dá trian d'arbar is imm oll `two full thirds of corn and butter,' Metr. Dinds. iv 250.3 . in tres fiach linni nir lond | liach immi a n-anlond, LL 206a8 . [a] adastar ocus a ellach | d'imim úr, MacCongl. 81.4 . Gilla an imme (a nickname), ALC i 480.11 . meall ime `lump of butter,' TSh. 5053. airliogadh airgid, arbhair, eime, mine, `a loan of money, corn, butter, meal,' Donlevy 100.1 . In pl. perhaps `special units or measures of butter ' (Cf. ref. to `vessels of butter,' Carew MSS I, 308 ): ro millset arbanna ┐ imenna in tiri co ler translated `all the corn and stock (?),' Ann. Conn. 1296.3 . (= AU ii 386.13 translated ` chattels .' = ro millset imat arbhanna ┐ immenna ` property ,' ALC i 514.24 ). imenna Arda Macha do buain asna templaibh ┐ a loscadh ar faighthi in baile translated ` valuables ,' AU iii 122.9 (= tucsat a raibhe do bhiadh isna templaibh, AFM iv 890.8 ). ni fuil comus for immenn (sic) na arbor, Laws ii 386.9 Comm. (= ni fuil comus di for imim ┐ arbur, O'D. 307 ( H 3.17, col. 239 ).

imm-clói

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imm-clói or dil.ie/27784

Forms: im-cloi, imcloeth, imcloat, ima-claifind, rohimcloe, himarchlái, imrochlad, imroemclad, imchlóid, imchloid, roimclaiset, imchloidid, imclaidet, imcloidfid

v turns about, changes; exchanges (trans. and intrans.): Indic. pres. s 3 im-cloi, Anecd. iii 58.13 . impf. s. 3 imcloeth, ACL iii 325.4 . Subj. pres. pl. 3 imcloat, ZCP xiii 22.10 . sec. fut. s. 1 ima-claifind, ZCP xiii 258 § 11. pret. s. 3 rohimcloe, SR 4697. ní himarchlái , 242 . pass. imrochlad, TBC-I¹ 73. With double prefix, imroemclad, Laws i 262.z .

Later as simple vb. imchlóid: indic. pres. s. 3 imchloid, Ériu ii 118 § 54. pret. pl. 3 roimclaiset, MR 232.9 . imchloidid: indic. pres. pl. 3 imclaidet, Cóic Con. § 65. fut. s. 3 imcloidfid, TBC-LL¹ p. 89 n. 1 (St.).

imcloi side a n-ogum, dilega a hamless, scribtha a less (of an injurious message written in ogum), Anecd. iii 58.13 . secht mbliedna do cech oe hi flaith Herenn. imcloeth beus hi cinn hsecht mbliadana, ACL iii 325.4 . iarsin rohimclóe in scél | la Iéssu ocus l(a) Caléb the story changed, SR 4697. grian hi nGemin im-mis Máii | is demin, ni imarchlái, 242 . co roimchla lith ifectsa, Ériu iii 140.163 . a[t]chīu imrochlad a gnē that his form has been changed, TBC-I¹ 73. secht mblatha imchl[oid] cecha bliadna `seven flowers it changes in every year' (of a tree), Ériu ii 118 § 54. imchloeit na Gaill aniar co hEs-dara `turn back to Ess-dara,' AU ii 214.5 . imclaidet isin tanisi .i. do-níat emcloemclód, Cóic Con. § 65. Ath Grenca iomcloidfid a ainm, TBC-LL¹ p. 89 n. 1 . ro imclaiset angala a inchindi i cúsalaibh a chind, MR 232.9 (= LL 409b8 ). cid milis mid lestor nglan ... | ima-claifind fed co li | alaill for (leg. ar) muic fonaichthi `I would exchange some of it for roast pig,' ZCP xiii 258 § 11. Vn. imchloud. See also under imma n-.

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