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ailbín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ailbín or dil.ie/967

Forms: ailbine, ailmín

n also ailbine, ailmín (dimin. of alam ) m. small flock: undsea ailbhín assin dunud, TBC-LL¹ 5760 . ragaid in t-albhín borsin mag, 5765 (= albani, TBC-I¹ 3430 , 3432 ). a.¤ i fuilit secht n-anmanna, Laws iv 110.20 Comm. ní ling . . . in tret .i. noco lingenn in tailbin, 21 Comm. muc cach ailbin, O'D. 1574 (H. 5.15, p. 5 c.2). uanmolt cech albín `a ewe-lamb of every flock', BColm. 54.14 . d'ingantaib ind albín mucc, Metr. Dinds. iii 382.17 . ar aba ailuine (albine, v.l.) bó, Anecd. ii 68.9 . albin dia buaib, ZCP viii 262 § 11 ( Rawl. 87a 21 ). a ailbin gabar ┐ caerach, Aen. 174 . ocht sesrecha . . . ┐ ocht .xx. ailbhín, BB 281a39 . ailbhín do thorcaibh allta, ZCP ii 552.24 . ál óg ag gach ailmhín, Arch. Hib. i 93 § xxix .

? 4 aill

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 4 aill or dil.ie/1040
Last Revised: 2013

ind hear Ériu xl 39 : a.¤ .i. cluinti, ut est a.¤ mo Coirpri clú .i. farsan .i. faillsigh nó cluinti, O'Dav. 14 = O'D. 2203 (Nero A vii, 141a). a.¤ .i. cluin, O'Cl. a.¤ mo Morann mo coscc duit it cluais, cluinti clothuib lana, O'D. 2210 (Nero A vii, 145a); 'hear … my admonishing of you in your ear, hear with full tidings [i.e. retain all you hear]' Ériu xl 39 (Bretha Nemed Toísech) . ? Ulaid acot gairmsiu / ra ṅgabastar aillsiu, TBC-LL¹ 3446 = rotgabsad ar tfaillso, TBC-I¹ 2645 . ? canam alam aisneidim / . . . / cia ága . . . / dobeir do cac oen, LL 3710 . Cf. áilid, aille, aillóir?

alam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. alam or dil.ie/2883

Forms: alaim, alum, alaim, alma, albi

n [n. ?] g s. alaim, RC xv 308.17 . d s. alum, RC xxv 34.13 . alaim, LU 4658 . Also alma. Note n p. albi, TBC-LL¹ 3397 etc. herd, flock: nocho mberthar uaimse eit na halma ass, LU 5029 (TBC). sceó gaib genin almi ét ar mórslúag (rhet.), 5426 (ib.). ocht fichit oss nallaid ... i n-aénalaim, 4658 (ib.). co n-étaib ┐ co nalmaib, 2934 . na halma ┐ na himmirgi, TBC-LL¹ 1592 . in daim ba mó dond almai, LU 1894 . nidat grega sin ... acht alma ┐ éiti ┐ innili, MU² 389 . ... bar nalmai bar n-indile, Alex. 216 . a.¤ na n-alta i slébib, 1009 . barann ... na n-os ┐ na n-alma, CCath. 4351 . a chrod náit a n-alma, Acall. 4189 . ocdaim na n-almad, TTebe 1404 . With following gen. or partitive DI: a.¤ bo, BNnÉ 303 § 11 . almai énlaithe, LU 8662 ( FB § 49 ). almha fhiadh, ITS xvi 54.21 . a.¤ n-oss, LU 5161 (TBC). con faccatar in n-a.¤ (ealba, v.l. St.) do aigib alta, TBC-LL¹ 1317 . a.¤ mór di ossaib, Imr. Brain ii 288.28 . Of persons: ... almaib loech, linib comruma, IT ii1 183.236 . almaib gle (cheville), Rawl. 85a4 .

Cf. 1 elba.

alma

Cite this: eDIL s.v. alma or dil.ie/2994

x see alam .

? almach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? almach or dil.ie/2995

adj ( alam ) having herds: scuchsait iarsin d'indsi almaigh, ZCP xi 162.1 (al maig?).

dam-theine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dam-theine or dil.ie/14551
Last Revised: 2013

n t, f. Ox-fire = huge fire , Meyer. dréchtfaid an dubhalaṁ (i.e. dub-alam) re dreich na daimteinedh, ZCP viii 212. 2 = dresfid an dubthalam fri dreich na damthenead, Lec. ( ZCP x 370 ).

delam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. delam or dil.ie/15319

adj (de-(dí-) + alam , O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 204 ) without wealth, poor, indigent: Loch Deala nach d.¤ craeb, Hy Fiach. 280 `whose woods are not devoid of wealth (herds)', O'Rahilly loc. cit. is dealamh damhsa . . . ┐ atá cíos trom agam tigerna oram, BNnÉ 188 § 33 . See also 3 delb.

1 dī ̆-, dē̆-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dī ̆-, dē̆- or dil.ie/15840

Forms: dí-, de-, dí-, dé-, de-, dim-, di-

Negative prefix before nouns, adjj., participles, verbals of necessity, and verbs: di- cech la cein is diultad, alaill is aidbliugud, Corm. Y 418 . Before consonants usually dí- (díchoisc, dígraiss, dílmain, etc.). Cf. déinmech (dí-gnímach). de- + ro gives a new prefix der-, q.v. Before vowels the form varies. dí-: díármithe, díainme, díaisndísiu, (all from O.Ir. glosses). díorpus (orba), Trip.² 1525 . With elision: dairmitiu, dermitiu (1 airmitiu), denim (ainim, also díainim unblemished), deithbir (aithber), delam ( alam ), deinmne (ainmne), dergnaid (érgnaid), dindell (indell) Before f-: dífulacht, diulacht (1 fulacht), díḟulaing, díulaing (fulang), díḟuráil (furóil), dífholaig (fulach). Diarmait, Dermait (format) (the earliest exx. are written thus but in later lang. Díarmait). dē̆olaid (folad) (deolid in Wb.: Eogain, LL). dē̆orad (dí-fo-rath) (no early rhyming ex., deóra: feóla, Met. Dinds.). dé-, de- in nonce-compds. to translate Latin de-: déainmmneichthech denominatiuum, dechomsuidigthe decompositum. désetaige gl. (vita) devia. See GOI §§ 831 , 873 . Lenites follg. initial. cenn, however, has its c mutated to g, e.g. dícenn, dígenn headless man (see O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 140 ). Before b the prefix takes the form dim-; dimbáeth (1 báeth), dimbág, dimblad, dimbláith, dimblas, dimbocc, dimbraig (bríg), dimbríg, dimbras, dimbuaid, dimbuan, dimda (2 buide). Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 214 , regards this as a development of di- before ml, mr spreading by analogy. GOI p. 543 , suggests that it may be a different prefix. Note also dimmolaid (molaid) disparages. Most freq. used with nouns to form adjectival compds. In these compds. o-stems and ā-stems generally take i-inflection, e.g. díaistir (aister), díaitrib, díáraig, díchéill, díchomlaind, díchuind, díradairc. Occasional exceptions are: díchomond (commann), díchondelg, and díoḟaosam (also diḟaessaim). As a number of these compds. were indistinguishable from the gen. sg. of noun preceded by dí- they are treated in the later language simply as attributive genitives, e.g. daíne dochla díchumaing, LU 3472 (see Bergin, Ériu xii 229 ). i-stems remain unchanged but gs. tends to be used in the later language, e.g. díainim, dícheist, díḟuráil but díaithgina, dichollna (colainn). u-stems remain unchanged (as far as the exx. serve), e.g. dígrád (grád love), dínním (sním), díṡolus. Nominal compds. formed from o- and ā-stems vary in inflexion, though on the whole they appear to resist the change to i-inflexion, e.g. díardain and díardan (ord(d)an) anger (but always díordain angry), díchretem and díchretim (creitem) disbelief, díchíall lack of sense (always díchéill senseless), dígrád dishonour (always dígráid adj.), díthrub, -thrab. Other stems remain unaffected: dígním, díchruth, deinmne (ainmne), dígallrae. The adj. gand gives dígaind lit. not scanty. Adjj. in -ech show no change and may be derivatives rather than true compds.: díchoimsech, díḟoirithnech, díthaithmech. Otherwise there is no change. With partt., verbals of necessity, and verbs: díáirmide, díaisneithe, díaisneisi unspeakable, díbrethe not to be borne, díerrethe not to be paid; díchenglaid, díchlannaid, dimmolaid.

1 elba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 elba or dil.ie/19930

n f. IGT Decl. § 4 . Apparently a transformation of Early Mid. Ir. alma (see alam and albe), which it often replaces in later texts, cf. coimetaiah ealma ┐ indile, TBC-LL¹ 1045 St = alma LL. The vowel change may be due to the influence of 1 elta. A flock, herd, drove (usually of deer, but also of domesticated animals): confaccatar in ealba do aigib eallta, TBC-LL¹ 1317 St (=in n-alma LL. alma n-oss TBC-I¹ 679 ). ocht fichit oss n-allta i n-enealba, 542 St (= i n-óen alaim, TBC-I¹ 196 ). damh ó elbaidh ar íarraidh a stag from the herd IGT, Decl. ex. 339 . le hosnadaibh elbhadh the panting of the deer ex. 156 . do-chonncadar...ealbha ┐ éide ┐ innile a nGleann L., ML 26.17 . nuall a gcon meardha 'sa míolchon | ag cor ealbha a díothrobh dháibh `driving deer from the woods' TD 11.8 . Hackett xxxix 114 . go bhfágbha clár...Teamhra | lomnán d'ealbha is d'ḟaolchonaibh `wild deer and wolves' TD 16.19 (in one MS. ealbha is gl. here by tréda, see footnotes). beiridh bhur dtréda ┐ bhur n-ealbhadha libh, Exodus xii 32 . ealbha na ttarbh = the multitude of the bulls Psalms lxviii 30 . ealbha, búar, speil, tréud, Kirk = Eg. Gl. 255 ( ACL iii 154 ). Fig.: Mac Moire...laogh oighe dar n-ealbha fawn of a doe from our herd (i.e. our kinsman) Dán Dé viii 17 . ealbha láoch a band of warriors Ériu ix 164.1 . ag dáil ḟíneamhna... | ar ríghealbha chláir Chonnacht `royal stags' (i.e. noblemen, warriors) TD 20.59 . damh ríghealbha, 21.32 ; 9.1 .

fritháilem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fritháilem or dil.ie/24418
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: frithalim, frithailem, frithalim, frithalmi, friothailme, frithálam, frithólam, frithalma, friothólamh, -álamh, -a, frithólamh, -álamh, frithóileamh, -áileamh, -óilimh, -áilimh, -álam, -ólam, -áilem, -óilem, -álaim, -aim, -ólmha, -áilte, frithailme

n ā, f. ; later also o, m. (vn. of fris-áilethar). a d s. fri frithalim , SR 5058 (but : fri frithailem , LU 8043 ). ic frithalim , SR 1187 , TBC-LL¹ 1088 , etc. g s. frithalmi, SR 1200 , cf. friothailme, Leb. Gab.(i) i 34.6 . In later manuscripts also frithálam, or frithólam (-um) ; g s. frithalma, LL 107b13 . friothólamh, -álamh (f. ; g s. n p. -a) IGT, Decl. § 37 ; frithólamh, -álamh (m.) § 100 ; frithóileamh (-eolamh v.l.), -áileamh (m.) § 101 ; -óilimh, -áilimh, f. § 150 . As vn. -álam , -ólam, -áilem, -óilem, m. Also -álaim etc. f., Verbs § 70 . g s. -aim ib. ex 612 . -ólmha, 613 , -áilte, 609 (see fritháiled).

Often found in association with frestal and influenced by it.

(a) expecting, looking out for (orig. sense) : ra thoegat saide ... co fáitar i nEmain ... ra frithalim comergi Conchobair (i.e. in expectation of, to attend the rally of the Ulstermen) LL 95a6 ( TBC-LL¹ 4928 ). atbert na ragad acht bith oc frithalim lochta a chríchi fodesin (Cú Chulainn refuses to go to the feast because he has invited his own people to one) LL 262a15 ( MU² 44 ). boi oca ḟrithalim co cend mis. ni thanic, LL 278a48 . oc frithalemh cia aimser nó reghad, TTr.² 222 . robatar uile ina tost ... oc frithalum na scel no indisfed, Aen. 409 (= conticuêre omnes, intentique ora tenebant Aeneid ii 1 ).

(b) catching (something thrown) : na nóe slega rodibraiced air a frithalum 'na laim clé ┐ na .ix. líathroiti ... a fritholum 'na laim deis = catching the nine spears that were cast at him in his left hand and the nine balls in his right Acall. 5834n .

(c) anticipating, making provision for, preparing , with gen. of thing : tegdas ... fri frithailem tomalta na fleda LU 8043 (FB). tanic Culand connice a dun ... do frestul ┐ frithalim lenna ┐ bíd, TBC-LL¹ 964 . fer frithalma mōre ... .i. Bricriu `a man of great management' [of making great preparation, provision] Ériu iv 30 y ( LL 107b14 ). Abram ... ro chennaig in n-inad ... i frithalim a adnaicthi as a burial-ground for himself (= Gen. xxv 10 ) Rawl. 73a33 = ic fritholum, BB 6a11 .

(d) waiting on (a person), ministering to the needs of, supplying: ic frithalim ... na n-anmanna, SR 1187 . ní dlegait lōn leo for sét acht ... ri Érenn da bfriothailimh the king of E. supplies their wants ZCP viii 116 § 12 . na cethri airm déc batar ic Conchobur ... ic frithalim na maccáem ciped mac díb no gabad gasced, TBC-LL¹ 1088 (= fri hagaid frithailme St. cf. ... fri gabáil ngasced do neoch LU 5046 ). coic tret ... ┐ cét n-arathar ag frithalum a tigi for the service of his household Aen. 1727 . baí faill fritholma ra [leg. ar] in clerech ag in chailligh , BB 233b7 . ni lemtha airbernad ar a cudich no ar a [ḟ]ritholmu (sic) `his share or his supply durst not be lessened' Cog. 50.6 . tair ... linne co nderntur do frestal ┐ do fritholum acoinne, CCath. 1667 . ag denam friochnama ┐ fritheolma fair, BNnÉ 104.9 . Cf. friochnamh ... ┐ fritheolmha do dhenamh, RC xxix 219 . rena mnai fritholmha, Oss. v 74.2 ( Tromd. Guaire 685 , where -mha, like -mu in Cog. 50 , may indicate a late vn. form : -ólmhadh). Of service or attendance in wider sense : ica frestal ┐ ica fritalam amal gach cumail, CCath. 1149 . caeminailt fritholmha Oilealla ┐ Medhbha, ZCP viii 542.10 (= c. comaitechta, TBC-LL¹ 1554 ). ionad mna friotháilmhe d'fhagháil, Desid. 1257 . ... gillai ritholmha dó féin of one of his own attendants AU 1168 . gilla friothalmha, Oss. v 42.22 . gan digh ... dh' aithiaraid | ad tigh re feadh frithálaim during the dispensing IGT III ex. 612 . In a special sense : díl fritháilti an fear 'ca mbí | do bean ḟritháilte a Ruaidrí ib. 609 .

Of things, functions, etc., attending to, looking after, discharging: co nach raibi cáithlech ātha i nErinn gan Gall dáer ica frithalom fair `to work it' [attending it for him ? But cf. Cog. 116.9 ] Fianaig. 86.16 . friothailemh eaglusdachta, Todd Nenn. ciii . na tratha do frithalum to observe the canonical hours Laws v 124.18 Comm. lucht fritholma an aifrind, BCC § 69 (= ministri altaris Reeves Ad. 104 ). aonmhaiccléireach amháin do bhíodh ag friothólamh an aifrinn dó serve him at Mass Keat. iii 999 . friotháileamh sollamainte na n-uile shacramainteadh, Desid. 4963 . Cf. dul ... do dhénamh an ḟritheóilti si `for this administration' (i.e. to communicate the sick) RSClára 88a . do dhénuid friothólamh dhó minister (to the Tabernacle) Numbers i 50 .

Esp. of attendance on the sick: do iarra mna do frithalum na mna bis ... fri idhna, Laws i 300.5 . sir bean frithámhla di 'look for a midwife for her', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 233 § 67 . fritheólamh na n-esslán, RSClára 112a . aos galair cona lucht fritheólmha 78b0 . Cf. cona ffritheolmhaibh oireamhnacha amhail iarraid a n-aicíde, 111b0 (an inaccurate rendering of the Engl.).

Of treatment : ise an t-adhbhar morgaithe is coir do rithaileamh ar dūs it is the corrupt matter we must attend to first 23 P 10³, 16b31 . In pl. ministrations (?) : tri firtorithne no tri frithailme (gl. teora frither) Laws v 452.7 Comm.

(e) in hostile sense coping with, withstanding (an enemy or an attack) : [secht mūir] fri frithalim n-ilchatha, SR 5058 (of Jericho). ba handsa ... fulung a fergi ┐ frithalum a mha[c]comlaind, Aen. 2570 . nach aitni damsa i nErinn sluagh fritolma Uladh a host able to withstand the Ulstermen TBC-LL¹ p. 747 n. 5 (St). co na betis i n-etarlēn frithalma ar cind a bidbad, LL 172a45 ( CRR 9 ). nior bho urusa fritheálamh a bhforráin, ML 134.2 . Cf. ro buí slógh ... for bruachaibh in tsrotha ica fritholumh (of the British resistance to Caesar), CCath. 187 . ni mo chean ... tarrla re freastal no re fritholamh na fairrgi ... sin unhappy those who had to tackle that sea CF 42 . adnaig ag drem frisi mūr ┐ na Troīandaigh ica frithōlum dona mūraib, Aen. 2233 . robui a comair frithōlma na foirne fīrnāmat tānic ... cugi was ready to tackle Fianaig. 72.7 .

Absol. : in frestal ┐ in frithólum dobertsat forro, CCath. 1711 . in fritholum tucsat Danair ... fri Dal Cais, Cog. 188.11 . dobeir frithalum fair in conair tainic, Aen. 2622 (= speculatus in agmine ... obuius ire parat, Aeneid x 769 ). Transf. of a person : ni fil for Eirinn ... frithailem Chuind a match for C. Anecd. ii 7 .