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1 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 a or dil.ie/2
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: á, á, á, a, á, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a

voc. part. leniting. In O.Ir. frequ. á (see Celtica ii 339 - 40 ). See GOI § 248 , Ériu ix 92, 85 . á fir, Wb. 10a10 . á dǽ, Ml. 119a13 . a phop[ui]l, Wb. 10c20 . á huili duini .i. a cach duini `O all man i.e. O every man' 1c8 . a chossa, 12a33 . a galatu burpu, 19b4 . a huili chenéla, Ml. 67b17 . a thvsv gl. o mea tu, Sg. 204b6 . a ch[l]éirchén chochlaich, AU i 224.1 (758) . a Chu Chulaind a cathbúadaig Breg, LU 8145 ( FB 11 ). a Fhroích, TBFr. 379 . a chliar sa, BNnÉ 288.7 . a dhuine, TSh. 164 . a dhreach dhonn, Aithd. D. 54.5 .

With intervening poss. adj.: a mo aine a mó chland, Sg. 204b2 . a mo phopa Láig, TBC-LL¹ 652 . ammo phopa Ḟingin, 4311 . In a few early exx. a is apparently omitted before mo, see ZCP xix 365 . a mo is not found in classical verse and the few late exx. found in translation literature may be due to English influence (but see Celtica xxiv 247 n. 42 ): a mo anoim, Desid. 2411 . a mo anuim, 2419 . a ar nAthair, Parrth. Anma 765 . a mo Ṡethracha, RSClára 47a .

2 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 a or dil.ie/3
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: á, e, a, a

In O.Ir. also á (see Celtica ii 339 - 40 ), e ( GOI 285 ). Poss. pron. (proclitic form of , q.v.) of 3 s. m. and n. (leniting), 3 s. f. (geminating) and 3 pl. of all genders (nasalising). When a numeral intervenes between poss. and noun the usage fluctuates. The older is represented by a nda ara. LU 4729 , the later by a da nduma, LL 1541 , where the initial of the noun is mutated independently of the numeral. The poss. of the third person is also used in combinations such as adám my two, adád your two, adár our two. Similarly with trí. See Ériu xi 146 ff. and the numerals , trí.

For the forms in combination with prepositions see the several prepositions.

I Denoting possession, ownership, relationship, connection, etc.

(a) a thuaithe of his folk, Wb. 5a23 . a bullu `His members', 9d4 . a chnámi, 4d15 . á luum `their pilot', 4a14 . irroimed cách a chéele, 6d4 (see céile). ní diá geneluch, Trip.² 78 . a hétach her clothes, TBFr. 232 . a mmod ┐ a fit `her portion', Mon. Tall. 149.14 (§ 60) . inna mbossán, LU 3231 ( SCC § 2 ). al-lorga ┐ a mbachla their croziers, PH 5103 . gan fios a gcéille, Donlevy vi 9 . co cend a seacht mbliadan till he was seven, ZCP xi 134. 31 .

With adjj. used substantivally. iss é a fír `that is the truth of it', BColm. 100.7 . ēill ngēisi . . . cia de bud ferr la hUltu a mbeō na a mmarb do brith dōib, TBC-I¹ 692 (perh. to be referred to II). bit lía a mairb and andat a mbí, LU 8266 ( FB 21 ).

(b) With copula in relative clauses expressing genitival relation ( GOI 321 - 2 ). Cf. issa gl. quorum, Ml. 90c3 . intí asa ainm bís isnaib titlaib, 2c3 . Tenobi ata (= ata a) scél ro-c[h]lotha `of Tenobius whose tidings have been heard', Fél. Aug. 24 . in fer asa erbaid aire, Trip.² 408 . bennachais in ríg bá (= ba a) gaisced he blessed the king whose armour it was, LU 5048 (TBC). an mhaighden-so 'sa hainm an Tnūith this maiden whose name is envy, Desid. 1652 . Occasionally also with intervening adj.: na féle assa fortrén taitnem `of the feasts whose radiance is mighty', Fél. Prol. 330 . ata (= ata a) n-aidbli bríga `whose vigours are vast', Ep. 34. nocon ḟetar cúich in Cu/Culaind asa caini clú, LU 4561 (TBC). Note also: a bronnad aineclann cháich as a aí the honour price of each person who owns it (of a mill), Críth G. 240 , ( GOI 322 ).

With dat. of accompaniment, a oenur, a ndíis, a triur etc., see these words. On the construction tá sé ina ríg see Dillon ZCP xvii 307 ff. and prep. i.

(c) With nouns indicating quantity, portion (of something), likeness, etc. (for fuller treatment see the nouns concerned): ni ro-pheccaig . . . a becc in the smallest degree, PH 2622 . a bheag nó a mhór do thoirthibh, TSh. 3751 . denum-ne a choibes ┐ a macsamla, PH 119 . a thri chomméit three times as much, LU 8248 ( FB 19 ). nochon accasa riam a chutrumma anything to equal it, TBFr. 50 . ní áirmhim a leth nó a thrían gach a fúaras ó sin siar, ZCP viii 220 § 22 . tria tharmcruthugud a letheti `the like of it', PH 3091 . ara lin do gablaibh i fodlait(h)er grā[d] túa[i]the, Críth G. 4 . is e a mét ro-s-lín oman, PH 1121 . a shamail-seo do clochad, 7328 . dā dabaigh décc do lionn maith/a thrí urdāil do deghbraith, ZCP viii 116.1. i n-urmhōr the greater part of them, ML². 1825 . So also with adjj. compounded with com- e.g. a chomglan so, Maund. 22 .

II As objective gen. with vnn. of transitive verbs: á híc `his salvation' (that he has been saved), Wb. 2b11 . a marbad `killing them', 4a12 . ní arilset geinti a fírianugud, `the gentiles have not deserved to be justified' 4d10 . a chomalnad `to fulfil it', 5d10 . ma ad-ced torbe inna thec[h]t `if ye should see benefit in its going' (i.e. in so going), 11b22 . a bronnad, Críth G. 240 . a indarpae `he must be banished', Mon. Tall. 147.32 (§ 54). dénam-ne an degaithris, let us worthily imitate them, ZCP viii 216.15 . dutracht lim a nguidhe I wish to pray to them, Ériu i 226. § 1 . ro-gab Petar uad-som a chairiugud Peter accepted his reproval (of himself) from him, PH 5892 . ada fis . . . araen . . . ada nanfis . . . imaraen, the knowledge . . . ignorance of both of them, Laws iii 276.18 . Hence in construction OC + vn.: occá sirḟegad imme anair, LU 2028 ( FA 10 ). aga thabhairt fo dera coimhéud na bochtaine, RSClára 41a .

With DO introducing agent: massu ed béso mó a fius dúibsi `the knowledge of it that ye have', Wb. 19b11 . act cuit a scribint domsa, 13a23 . ní fitir nech díb for araile a n-imchossait do Bricrind, LU 8251 ( FB 20 ). in pendit nopeinebad ind laoch . . . a denam do a mac tar a cend, Mon. Tall. 163.17 (§ 86) . With LA: ro aduim Sinoip a claí la hErcuil `that she had been defeated', Stair Erc. 1138 . With ó: ro-p áil dó a aimsiugud o diabul, PH 2020 .

With other nouns (with wide variation in the force of the poss.): a lóg the reward for it, Wb. 5d35 . a lúach soin don rí ní rug, IGT Decl. ex. 1271 . ricfaither a les do gille, Sc.M² § 7 (see less). dommanic amh a hadbur cause for it, Ériu v 72.15 . go dtugsad a rige do D. they gave the kingship of it to D., Ériu i 102 § 60 . bid lia turim a chath the combat for him, Sc.M² § 3 . nī cōir a chuma to grieve for him, ACL iii 221.24 . a húamun fear of him, ZCP viii 218 § 20 . co naca fir Erenn . . . a reir uaimsea so that the men of Ireland may see me submitting to him, Ériu v 240.132 . d'fulair a grádh ar hIrúath by imposing love for herself on Herod, Ériu iv 178 § 29 . ferr les a sidh na a cocudh `that he would rather be on peaceful than on hostile terms with them', Stair Erc. 1859 . a aitherrach sin do fregra, Maund. 27 . aenduini nach fuair a soludh who did not profit by him, CCath. 1188 . pontifex a grēc p. is the Greek for it, ZCP viii 113.25 .

As subjective gen. with vnn. of intrans. vbs.: á buid `that it is', Wb. 11d3 . a mbith samlaid, Laws iv 212.2 . a éc he died, Ann. Inisf. 1075.2 . a ndul coríg Locha Léin that they should go, ZCP viii 316.7 . in gabul tirimm a beth fo blath, PH 1317 .

III In prolepsis.

(a) With follg. noun in gen. a dénum in maid sin, Wb. 1d7 . a masse in choirp `its, the body's, beauty', 28c25 . a n-athir inna fer, 4c1 . a ndírmann / in tríir imrádam, Fél. Oct. 11 . a cathim na raod sin, Mon. Tall. 132.22 (§ 13) . a n-andord mac n-Usnig, IT i 72.4 . dia fholcud a chind, TBFr. 256 . romórad dano a ainm Dé ┐ Colmáin, BColm. 54.6 .

Later also with nom.: nipa mor a glanad deitsiu ind chomairle dobeir Findio deit, Mon. Tall. 154.5 (§ 67) . mairg dá dtig a seac[h]na so / an teaghdhais i dtá Íosa, Dán Dé v 31 . a innisin . . . na hoibreacha, RSClára 19a . With follg. DI (partitive): a foróil bess lib dinaib anib, Wb. 16c22 . is mór a thorbe de dúnni, 1a3 .

(b) With abstract noun forming adverbial phrase modifying verb of follg. rel. clause: is e a erat fritammiurat `that is the (lit. its) length of time they will hurt me', Ml. 33a1 . a lére ropridchissi, Wb. 24c17 . ba sed a barbardacht atraachtatar, MU² 494 . ara ḟoillsi ┐ ara imchuibde ro indis scéla Crist, Trip.² 13 . a imisle ro bui sé isin comlunn, Stair Erc. 1134 . a dhoimhne do chuaidh an cló, Dán Dé xxiii 24 . fo bhīthin a onōraighi airmitnighi rothaisspēin a s[h]upāilce mōrthrōcairecha dhōip, Fl. Earls 170.22 . In the follg. the phrase is adjectival rather than adverbial: a lomnachtaighe fhágbhas an bás iad, TSh. 657 . a threise atá an chlí, Dán Dé xxiii 10 .

(c) Anticipating a following clause. With finite verb: is mó a fius deitsiu a ndo-rigeni di maith, Wb. 30a8 . a dérbad co n-id fír na hí atberimsi, PH 2036 . a lorgairecht cionnus congbhaidhther . . ., RSClára 135b . a mheas gur dlisdionach, Donlevy vi 20 . Note also: aní rongéni ho gnimaib á epert, Ml. 31b24 . With vn.: dorucadar a buideachus risna deithib Ercuil d'iaraidh a n-ingine, Stair Erc. 937 . a thecht dim bas d'faghail don te, 2549 . a theacht de sin é do chailleamh an ghill, TSh. 10638 .

Common in compd. prepp., see dáil, 1 degaid, 1 deóin, dochum, éis, 1 muin, 1 son, etc.

7 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 7 a or dil.ie/8
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: a, a, a, a, a, a, a, á, as, as, assin, asind, as, as, as, as, as, ast, assa, asa, asar, as, assa, asa, asum, essiut, ass, as, es, essi, esse, eissi, esti, eisti, este, aiste, essib, eissib, esib, estib, eistib, asta, asa

prep. with dat., geminating out of, from . In O.Ir. glosses frequ. á (see Celtica ii 239 - 40 ). See GOI § 834 . The usual form before nouns is a: a corin[tib], Wb. 7c18 . a ppecad, 3b3 . a persin, 4c23 . a rrath, 12a7 . a rrangabáil, Sg. 196b5 . a llatin, Ml. 3a15 . a mmedón, Tur. 72 . á óensonaib, Wb. 12a10 . In later lang. also as(s): as talomh, Fl. Earls 112.29 . as Éirinn, Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 (see Desid. xxxiv ). Before proclitics as(s). With article: assin folud, Wb. 9c10 . asind óinrainn, Sg. 197a17 . as tír, BDD² 435 . as tig, 544 . Note also: as cech ṡét, Thes. ii 320.3 .

With poss. adj. 1 s. as mo chuimriug, Wb. 23b7 . 2 s. as do, Sc.M² 11 . ast, 12 . 3 s. assa, Wb. 2c7 . 20d13 . asa, 25d16 . 1 pl. asar, Wb. 15c24 . 2 pl. as for, LU 8551 (H) ( FB 41 ). 3 pl. assa, MU² 276 . asa, 390 .

With suffixed pron. 1 s. asum, ZCP vi 285.8 . 2 s. essiut, RC xiv 188.z . 3 s. m. and n. ass, Wb. 29b15 . as, Ml. 36c20 . es, RC xxv 346 § 2 . 3 s. f. essi, Ml. 85c14 . esse, 113d2 , 131c14 . eissi, Sg. 196b2 . esti, PH 197 . eisti, BDD² 1405 . este, ZCP vi 81.4 . aiste, TSh. 4477 . 3 pl. essib, Wb. 12a10 , b23 . Ml. 87b18 . eissib, Sg. 190a1 . esib, 51b11 . estib, PH 2878 . eistib, ML² 1478 . asta, TSh. 2791 .

With rel. as(s)a n-: asatoróimed, Wb. 11a19 . See GOI § 834 , IGT Introd. § 100 (25.12) .

I Expressing motion, out of, from: oc techiud a rroí, Críth G. 539 . co rróimid topar husci ass, Trip.² 93 . fuil totmad (leg. totma(e)?) a crann a wound sustained in falling from a tree, Laws v 362.z . in ti bis for imrama a inad d'inad from place to place, Laws iv 36.12 Comm. coillti an talman do thuitim as a premaibh will be uprooted, RC xxviii 312 § 9 . luid fer a cath, BColm. 94.15 . facbuid-si asin tir-si leave this land, RC xiv 56 § 69 . na fuirighedh a Temraig ach imthiged asti co hobann, Ériu iii 170 § 29 . co cuala géim bó ic tiachtain al-loch Ṡithgail `out of Loch S.', Dinds. 155 ( RC xvi 270 ). rosái assen dia thigh, RC xviii 184.28 . atracht focétóir in marb a bás, RC ii 390 z . no ássad bolgg corcra assa etun a purple blister would grow out of his forehead, Ériu iv 32.3 . With impers. vb. ní thig asta `they do not shrink' (of shoes), O'Rah. xviii 24 . Without accompanying verb: do rigne Dia firt . . . .i. in topur husci asin talmain, Trip.² 96 . cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh sweet piping from her lips, Ériu iv 174. § 8 . asa tuaisciurt inda deiscert `(to go) from the North (of it) to the south (of it)', Mon. Tall. 133. 22 (§ 17) . do chuir se iarraidh ar thigerna A. . . . as Eirinn chuige `sent to the laird of A. to come to him from Ireland', Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 .

In complement of object of transitive verbs: with various transitive verbs (see also under several vbs.): tóbe uitiorum assa anmin `the cutting of vice out of his soul', Wb. 2c7 . aní asatorbatha `that out of which they have been cut', 5b39 . . . . benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308, z . ni béram ass gl. nec aufferre quid possimus ( 1 Timothy vi 7 ), Wb. 29b15 . dobert . . . dí báe déc . . . assint shíd, TBFr. 6 . an ghairbhiachtach . . . chuirid asta which they emit, TSh. 6705 . tarslaic Petrum a slabreid released Thes. ii 304.1 (Hy. i). is as do leigi iat (of shots), as a ninat . . ., Laws iv 226.17 . atdobrarbadse a tír Hérenn you have been banished from Ireland, BDD² 416 . ar ndichur a nGall esib, Ann. Conn. 1338.4 . hoc a tafonn (ac a cur v.l.) asa gort driving it out of his field, ACL iii 2.8 . gabais . . . daur . . . assa frēnaib, Sc.M² 18 . dasrenga ais `drew it out', Mon. Tall. 150.29 (§ 61). is cían rosraeined amach / Iudaich a crīch Rōmānach, ZCP viii 115.17 . dá sraoilleadh . . . as a chéile, TSh. 5696 . di loscud a thige . . . di gait as—a leth di gait ind for stealing from it . . . for bringing stolen property into it, Críth G. 123 . tonindnaig . . . leithi in chon dó assa laim chlí gives him . . . with her left hand, RC iii 177.5 . adetha C. assa láim, 6 . do urail S. a cengal as scotaib ceathra sdet `ordered him to be bound to the tails of 4 steeds', ITS xix 100.7 . gairfidh Íosa uair nó dó / as an talmhain a dteasdó, Dán Dé xiv 9 .

Common in 3 s. n. as adv. with verbs of going, etc. tíagait ass na teachta-sin depart, Sc.M² 4 R . documlát ass do Chrúachnaib, TBFr. 42 . amal ossa is amlaid rorathatar ass they ran like deer, Ériu iii 141.208 . imsái as in mac the boy turns away, Ériu i 116 § 5 . Hence with verbs of going, etc. escapes: 'san domnach dodechaid ass / a broinn in bledhmil Ionas, Ériu iii 144 § 14 . bualadh Tairrdelbaig . . . acht cena terno som ass, RC xviii 35.27 . ní dechaidh as gan gabāil nō gan marbadh acht Sir Gyi . . ., ZCP vi 72.12 . creid nách fhuil dul as ar domhan agad ót olc shíordhuidhe, Mac Aingil 1857 . Related meanings. Dies, comes to an end: dia ndech nech dībh as `departs' (this life), Marco P. 140 . din ló dochúaid Cerball ass, RC xx. 12 § 20 . ni ragha in la-su ass `this day will not go by', CCath. 3573 . na heirig ass co madain / do deacraib rig in richid (sic leg., ed.) do not cease till morning from (recounting) the wonders of the king of heaven, Ériu v 26.22 . co n-erlai [int archaingel] a rrecht ind ríg `forsook the law', Ériu ii 108 § 22 . With other verbs in idiomatic phrases: not-ber as dom' inchaib get thee out of my sight, ZCP i 105.1 . beir as tú `escape' Keat. iii 3246 . tucsat as in oidhchi-sin co himsnímach spent that night, Fianaig. 52.17 . a bheatha do thabhairt as go measardha to lead a life of moderation, TSh. 268 . ruccsatt ass amhlaidh sin ifoimhdin aroile they continued, Hugh Roe 288.17 (fo. 76a) . ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . cuir ass na dorchu tuccais expel the darkness thou hast brought, Anecd. iii 35.17 . ata si arna cur as anois `it is now destroyed' (of a city), Maund. 43 . a lecan as, he was set free, RC xviii 283.15 . leicem as ar n-imram let us give up, RC xxvi. 136 § 9 . leig as 'athair cease, father, Ériu iv. 51 § 7 . do lēic ech in rīgh ar a glūinibh hī . . . ┐ nīr fēdadh as hī she could not be got out of that position, ZCP xiii 182.31 . Without accompanying vb. (freq. as ipv.) ass, a duine, ar éat `get out, O man!' (be off), Fél. 184.6 . as tír duit get thee out of the land, RC xxv 24.6 . as as bhar Fraoch get hence, get hence, said F. ML 124.13 . asa sin doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 178.3 . aisidhe dhó co Tulaig na C. thence he went, ZCP xiv 259.8 . In phrase: ní has dó there is no escape for him, he has no chance of escape (see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 348 ): ma commhor th'eucht led bhriathruibh, ni has dhamhsa if your deeds are on a par with your words there is no escape for me, Luc. Fid. 344.12 . ni has dh'aoinneach aguibh there is no escape for any of you, 284.15 . nach bu has dh'iachtaranuibh no dh'uachtaranuibh, 260.22 . ní has d'Éirinn eatorra between them Ireland has no escape, DDána 92.7 . In phr. as ┐ ind: do ḟeitheam a long . . . as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in', Dinds. 135 ( RC xvi 142.6 ). cloictheach . . . ┐ eoin duba . . . ind ┐ as `passing into and out of it', RC xvii 394.y .

II Expressing origin, source.

(a) from, originating in: a grec anísiu `from the Greek' Sg. 148b14 . assin tein atgládastar `out of the fire he addressed him', Thes. ii 318.4 (Hy. ii). ba hingnád aisec asind inut sin (.i. a détaib in chon allaid), Trip.² 148 . in port asa n-accai Patraic inna naimtiu, 1500 . bá foderc dó . . . assa imduí, LU 8219 ( FB § 16 ). nír faei i tig as mbi eggna suillsi tenead, BDD² 175 . is hí ro hic súil ind ríg / a topor Locha Dá líg, IT i 131.29 . is a Hérind anair, MU² 513 . secht mile as so `seven miles from here', ZCP vi 295.7 . co fesamar can as tucad till we know whence it was brought, Ériu i 46.10 . ni fes can as tánic `whence it came', RC xviii 302.7 . a tírib hIndía do, PH 820 . niamh ḟíona a hór (drunk) from a gold goblet, DDána 119.25 . from (of a number out of a group): mart as gach creich, muc as gach crú, caora as gach trét, BNnÉ 265 § 230 . sé ar fichit a Huib Neill `six and twenty of the Húi Néill', RC xxiv 202. 14 . Of the ground of proof from: is follus as for ng[n]imaib ni dligthi comardad fris etir, LU 8551 ( FB 41 ). follus asna scélaib-so Colmáin it is clear from these stories about Colman, BColm. 102, 12 . is esti demniges, PH 2185 . créad is iontuigthe as sin, TSh. 161 .

With various vbs.: nī contesba banne ass `not a drop was wanting therefrom', Thes. ii 348.3 (Hy. v). a tír asa tairidnither `from the land out of which (the water) is drawn', Ériu xvii 68 § 8 . cid asa fordailtea grád túa[i]the? what is the basis of the different grades of the `túath'? Críth G. 6 . rí rodelb eisse cach ṅduil, SR 25 . asnabbrad hi sennathib `whence it was said', Fianaig. 30.13 . rofiarfaigh dib crēd asa fuaradar an cís aingid sin, RC x 185.y . gach ainm eile . . . nach sloinntear as tarbh, Maguires of F. 45 .

(b) Hence introducing the instrument or cause of an action, etc. by, with, because or by reason of: a faill do denam for being neglectful, Laws iv 50.10 . ro bendach Pátraic asa díb lámaib in Machai with his hands, Trip.² 2799 . asa réir budesin of his own accord, Ériu i 219 § 7 . as mothoil féin `of my own will', RC xiii 272.6 . nach maith dogni duine asa chorp isin domun any good thing a man does with his body, Ériu vii 172.y . Cluain maic Nois d'argain . . . a comairle Muirchertaig, on M.'s advice, RC xviii 30.25 . is a radurc atconnairc Ith . . . Slébe Irruis deiscirt, Ériu iv 142.16 . roslen Nél assa lurg, by means of his track, Metr. Dinds. iii 404.13 . cia mod as a mbrisend recht in what way, PH 2588 . do-rinne an tshoil cumhachda gáoidhilgi ortha as ar cóir do chomhardadh íad by reason of which, IGT Introd. 11.16 . lot mh'anma a silleadh na súl / do rinneadh, Dán Dé ix 4 . a caingean Dé do diúltadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1355 . mellaid mōr duini asa dath / gid buidi in t-ōr is otrach, ACL iii 238 § 16 . Note also: ragat gussin Rōimh as go ffuilēngat croch ┐ cēssadh, Fl. Earls 206.25 ; whereby they will suffer Celtica ix 117-18 . Cf. 8.18 , 170.8 . With créd: créd dorinne sí asa rabhus di marsin what she had done that they were treating her thus, Ériu v 168.82 . créad as nach adhradh . . . na dée mar chách why, Keat. ii 5393 . With adv. as: is as tugadh Nár air this is why he was called N., 3645 .

(c) Introducing the name of a language: ainm an inaidh sin . . . a Gaeidheilcc in Irish, Maund. 57 . laphruiss . . . assin bérla glan ghrécach in the pure Grecian tongue, Anecd. i 34.70 . berla na filed asa n-acaillit cach dib aroile wherein they all address each other, Auraic. 200 .

III Miscellaneous uses.

(a) In sense of attached to, compos- ed of, in etc. : amal bīs tuir már oc fulang tige ┐ illāma esti, Corm. Y 1224 . ro-lēcis gaī form-sa co-rrabae as mo scíath `so that it stuck in my shield', Sc.M² 11 . cipe [no beth] démnach asa mér no asa brága whoever was possessed by a demon in his finger or in his throat, RC ii 400 § 40 . a edach delradach . . . imi, as a ndenad idbarta do Baich `in which he was wont to offer sacrifices', TTebe 2842 . gu bhfaiceabh asin coluinn-si Dia, ITS xix 92.6 . Cf. rí sithamail asa flaithes in respect of, Rawl. B 512 fo. 69d .

(b) After vbs. expressing recognition, etc. : atgénammár asa samail in fer sin, LU 6805 ( FB 46 ). cinnas do aith[g]ēnmais in degmnái . . . asa deilb ┐ asa costud, a tlás, a fos, a féile, ZCP viii 112.22 . misi do aimsigh Eabha / as a basuibh bairrgheala / 's as a derc ramhoill raglais, Ériu iv. 112.26 - 27 . ad-mestar asa toirthib talmain, ZCP xi 94 § 33 . ? a samlaib én n-etarlúamain, LU 8628 ( FB 47 ) (rhet.).

(c) After vbs. of bathing, washing: do-dheochaid co mbricht neimhe lé do Frāech corusfothraic ás . . . a arma he bathed his weapons in it, ZCP xiii 175.6 . doluid Cuchulaind dia bualad asna huscibsin, TBC-I¹ 2742 . nocho raibi husce ocai asa ndénad in bathis, Trip.² 91 . ro tinsain usce . . . conid as ronig a derc with it he washed his eye, Dinds. 64 ( RC xv 462 ). usce asa negar Grip, ZCP iii 214.14 . roghonais mo dhalta / rodergais as t'fhogha thou hast reddened thy spear in his blood, BS 12.14 .

(d) After vbs. of paying, exchanging, etc. dobertha a chutroma d'or ┐ d'argat ass, Hugh Roe 220.3 (fo. 58b) . diass as in cethramuin ┐ da bho as an bfer nach fuighthi dibh .i. bó as in duine ┐ bo as in éidegh, L. Chl. S. 31 . tainic Ciaran dá fhuascladh, ┐ tucc moran oir ┐ argait ass in return for him, BNnÉ 117.27 . dober braighi maith duit asum fein `I will bring thee a good hostage for myself', ZCP vi 70.15 . dlighe do dhíol as, TSh. 10084 .

(e) After words expressing hope, trust, doubt etc. : go ndearna dall / dóigh as an té do thoghsam, Dán Dé iv 26 . as do thrócuire atá ar ndóchas, xix 21 . thairisi asa deghgnimradhaibh féin, CCath. 330 . an neimhiocht gnáthach do bhí aige as féin `it was sad that his brother always had a suspicion of him', his usual mistrust for him, Keat. ii 2504 . bith cunntaphuirt agut asi[n] nduine aithenus tu `be on your guard against', Ériu v 136 § 93 . etir cin co fiss / no co n-anfiss ass, ACL iii.222.30 .

(f) After vbs. of boasting, etc. : dia maide as a shúalchib, PH 4855 . itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra / cid uaibrech as m'urlabra, ACL iii 239 § 34 . rom-moltar ar cech feib as mo ghail, ZCP v 503.24 . créad as a ndéine díomus, TSh. 633 .

IV In later lang. also of time from, since: ní nach dearnadh as mo nua ná as mo naoidheantacht ariamh riom, ML 100.14 . fer na dechaid asa naindin riam gan cenn Connachtaig lais `from his childhood', ZCP i 103.1 . asa naidendacht `from his infancy', RC ii 386 § 9 . sé is (leg. as) th'óige ort / [is] móide ar an ḟolt mh'fiafraighidh that thou hast it since thy youth increases my wonder (?) at the hair, DDána 114.2 . asa tosuch from the beginning, Ériu iv 214.18 . nambered cách a huair dena maccleirchib dochum a tige leo `would take him home in turn', Ériu ii 222.24 .

In prep. phrases, see aithle, céile, ucht, etc. In adv. phrase see núa.

acc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. acc or dil.ie/129

 

Forms: aicc, acca, aicce

also spelt aicc, acca, aicce indep. neg. particle, see GOI § 868 no, nay: ac graece, nego latine .i. diultad, Corm. Y 96 . ac .i. diúltadh, O'Cl. a.¤, ol F., nachi nglúasid, LU 3291 ( SCC 9 ). aicc, ol se, mo breith don Teti Bric, 3296 . ar a chend dait a F. or cách. aicc ol F., 6698 (TBC). ac for si, 3112 . a.¤, or in rí, IT i 74 § 12 . aca nírbugaine domathairsi eim tochur fri Coinculaind, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 15.23 . aca, Anecd. ii 78.15 . acca, 13 . ecca sin `not so' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 1494 = is acca a rad, TBC-LL¹ 2086 . a.¤ amae, LL 13838 . ac idir ón `not so at all ', Fianaig. 80.9 . tuc dam-sa do gai or in cánte. a.¤ óm or Cú, LU 5806 (TBC). acæ (aicce, v.l.) om, CCath. 3781 . aca ámh, Ériu viii 139.8 . With follg. particle: in hi do shreb inso? ol Edain. a.¤ son, ol Midhir, Dinds. 65 ( RC xv 463 ). ac tra not so, RC xxvi 370.15 .

See nacc.

accmaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. accmaing or dil.ie/157

 

Forms: accmac, acfaing, acfuinn

n Earlier accmac o, later a., acfaing, acfuinn f., g s. and n p. -e. Vn. of 2 ad-cumaing. See also under tacmang.

(a) act of encompassing, encircling: doreccacha Mac Roth huad do accmac Slebe Fuaid, TBC-I¹ 3107 . acmac .i. timcealladh, O'Cl. acmac `a circuit or compass', Eg. Gl. 655 .

(b) power, ability, capacity: acmhaing .i. árach no cumhachda, O'Cl. ní roibhi acmhaing etir aigi Laeg do imtheacht uadh, TBC-LL¹ p. 329 note 8 . is sgath uaisleachta Chláir Chuinn / fa nguaisbhearta áigh d'acmhuing in that he is able to emulate their . . . deeds, DDána 102.10 . do-ní mé . . . réir gach aoinfhir fam acmhuinn according to my ability, 101.33 . ní mó ná acfuinn gach fhir / do shirfeadh Dia ar na daoinibh `God asks of men no more than man can give', Dán Dé xxii 33 . déin na deagh-oibre . . . do réir th'acfainne spioradalta ┐ corpordha, Mac Aingil 3772 . amal badh accmaing duit to the best of thy power, ZCP iv 388.15 . an acfuinn do bhí san duine re déanamh deigh-ghníomh, TSh. 2911 . ar ní as fhóille ná ar n-acmhuinn `for less than my best effort', PBocht 17.18 . a mheic Alprainn ní budh fhoráil / deit ar n-acmhaing d'anóir ` all the honour we could pay you' Dán Dé xii 12 . eire ós acfuinn dimshníomh a load of trouble too great for her, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 29 § 4 . gé nach fuil acfainn . . . san Ngaoidheilg aguinn, Desid. 26 . do-ní iad féin broinn-líonta ré biadhaibh . . . tar a n-acfuinn, TSh. 7242 . With gen.: eacmuing na neche sin ability to perform those things, Laws ii 284.14 Comm. acfaing a denma, BB 446a28 . acmaing a ritholma, Cog. 50.7 . acmuing a bfreasta[i]l, Hugh Roe 142.14 . ni fuair a.¤ falmaisi orro, Acall. 7695 . acfuinn uraghaill, TSh. 4195 .

(c) means, instrument, apparatus (somet. in concrete sense): créd í an acmhaind is cóir do bheith ag denamh an bhaistigh? `what should be the outward observance in Baptism?', Carswell 231 . dobeir . . . trelamh ┐ acfaing fair, Moling 47 . loscfitir bar loṅga . . . nachbar-bé accmaing ellam rí imgabáil, LL 238b30 `so that ye will not have ready means of avoiding', TTr. 1620 . ca ha.¤ fil acat do cur friss?, Mer. Uil. 57 . uile acmoinge marbtha daoine, TFrag. 234.18 . níor chaomhain . . . a neart Samson . . . ná aon oile aon-acfuinn dá mbí ann ar ghuaisibh an bháis, TSh. 612 . cheanglas céadfadha an chuirp ┐ acfuinne na hanma resources(?), 7906 .

(d) abundance, wealth: as lár haoibhnis ┐ hacfainne from the midst of pleasure and abundance, RC xxiii 20.2 . mar shaltraim ar úr Innse / acmhaing (sic leg.) mo shúl shilim-se copious tears, DDána 77.4 . do reir acmuinne in othuir = secundum divitias patientis, Rosa Angl. 84.16 . bíodh iomad acfuinne airgid ag neach multas pecuniarum facultates, TSh. 9990 . acfaind ┐ craes ┐ anóir, de Contemptu, 1121 . mar a fuil an medi so do acfuinn superabundantia, Smaointe B. Chr. 6013 . bit acmuinn mor fertana ┐ fuachta is in tsamradh, Ir. Astr. Tr. 124.13 . ca hacfaing loin nó gébhadh what supply of provisions he would get, CCath. 1478 . cen acfuing tṡloigh innti dó do frestal catha sufficiency, 1225 . Cf. nach ḟuil acfainn catha aca am agaid si (sic leg.) CF 597 . do b[f]agbad acmaing comad cath do berad, Cog. 130.17 .

Note also: do fhagaibh do ┐ da cloind / Maisi fa maith in acmoing / gan peist. . ./ a tír da ngebdais Gaídeil, BB 18a22 . (see Keat. ii 416 n. 309 ).

1 acht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 acht or dil.ie/200
Last Revised: 2019

 

(freq. act in O. Ir. glosses). See GOI § 908 . Later ach.

I As prep. with accus. (see Ériu xvii 79 , ZCP xxv 237 , Ériu lx 137-42 )

(a) save, except (lit. outside, Thurn.): cách act tiamthe `every one save Timothy', Wb. 23d5 . bacc de echaib a.¤ serrchu, Laws ii 118.9 . a.¤ cuit naige fine, iv 194.26 . roslechtsat do Patric a.¤ cóicḟir all except five bowed to P., Trip.² 1652 . fiche a.¤ sé bliadna i.e. 14 years, LL 15069 . ar di-legad síl Dubthaig Daīl ... acht claind Moathaire 'for [all] the descendants of Dubthach the Beetle were destroyed ... except for the kindred of Mothaire', Aided Echach 96 §4 (g) (h) . di-legath síl Dubthig Dōeltengath and act cethra conchuiriu, Aided Echach 94 § 1​ . achd ré n-aithrighe d'fhagháil save that there was time for repentance, DDána 64.9 .

(b) More freq. after neg. vb. as in: act aní ropridchussa dúib (nothing) save gl. nihil . . . sapietis, Wb. 20b4 . nand asse díchenglad cor mbél . . . inge (acht, MS) nóe curu it is not proper to dissolve contracts . . . except for nine contracts . . . Ériu xvii 66 §§ 4 , 5 .

(c) Hence in sense of Engl. only, merely , etc. (cf. Fr. ne . . . que): ar ni arilsem-ni act dígail for we have deserved only punishment, Wb. 20d14 . ni bí nach dethiden foir act fognam do día his only care is to serve God, 10b9 . ni gessid . . . act búaid precepte, 26a34 . nicon chloor act for caínscél, 23b41 . connaccon bet a.¤ degnimai less so that he may have only good works, Ml. 129a9 . ní rádat som a.¤ bréic ┐ togaís they speak only lies and deceit, 31a18 . in tan nád techtat a.¤ oin aimsir `when they have only one time', Sg. 5a10 . nī fūar a ssēt a.¤ Maire `I have found not her like save Mary', Thes. ii 349.4 (Hy. v). a.¤ fo thri nico rotroisci M. `that M. never fasted but thrice', Mon. Tall. 157.5 (§ 72) muna bed a.¤ don dornsann ní himtecar la suidaib, Laws iv 158.5 . nach ístais biad . . . a.¤ biad Conchobair, IT i 75.15 . conna-ruc a.¤ oīnchois ūaim, Sc.M² 12 . ni boi arm la Hiruath . ... a.¤ bocṡlaitt moir, PH 850 (a.¤ bocslat mor, v.l., ZCP xiv 147.7 ). na déantar lámh dhearg a.¤let none but her be outlawed(?) Dán Dé ix 9 . nach fuil a.¤ talam ┐ luaith san cholainn daonna nothing but earth and ashes, TSh. 432 . gan a.¤ mac tíre 'na sesamh rena brollach only a wolf standing at her breast (instead of her own calf), BNnÉ 164 § 34 . Note also: dearna a láimhe a.¤ a lámh oile / clár do b'áilne snoidhe sain, DDána 32.22 , where a neg. is implied (see notes).

(d) With emphasising nammá, amáin: a.¤ comparit neutair nammá gl. non inuenitur nisi neutri generis, Sg. 41a8 . act seircc ndée tantum (= nammá) gl. non quaerit quae sua sunt, Wb. 12c2 . a.¤ nammá renders Lat. nisi forte, 9d21 , 12c32 . a.¤ éolas nammá, TBFr. 392 . ní thérna díb a.¤ oenchóicer namá, BDD² 1494 . teach . . . cen dorus . . . a.¤ seinistir ┐ forleas namá a house without any door but a window and skylight only, 81 . a.¤ dá angel amáin ní bátar and, LL 291a3 . ní bhí a.¤ an moladh amháin / ní don domhan a.¤ díoláimh `save praise alone', TD 31.8 . a.¤ trōcaire Dé amhāin, Fl. Earls 134.20 .

(e) So also with follg. mad (cf. acht má as conjunction infra): a.¤ mad a claind `unless it be her (own) children' (gl. docere autem mulieri non permitto), Wb. 28b13 . ni ruc . . . claind . . . a.¤ mad óeningin, IT i 130.14 . nád aithgainethar . . . a.¤ mad indred n-indligthech, Críth G. 564 . noco ria nech dib ar éc . . . a.¤ mad Essu ┐ Caleb, SR 4732 . a.¤ mad aenfer, Anecd. i 63 § 115 . indis dam firindi, riam nucha n-ebartais a.¤ mad guth ceart, Fen. 156.21 . ni bhíodh neach aga ghoire a.¤ madh na hoighe allaid `save only the deer', ZCP i 64 § 57 .

(f) Hence in adv. phrase a.¤ (mad) becc lit. except (but only) a little, hence almost: combo marb a.¤ bec until he was almost dead, LU 3290 ( SCC 8 ). a mboi de ór . . . oca a.¤ becc almost all the gold they had, PH 999 . fāsughudh C. . . . a.¤ becc `almost total devastation', RC xvii 384.23 (Tig.). corloiscit cella fer Midhi a.¤ mad becc, 389.7 .

II As conjunction

(a) In sense save only that, except that (folld. by nasalising rel. clause in O.Ir., see GOI § 503 ) (freq. with nammá): ro legsat canóin amal rundalégsam-ni a.¤ ronda-sáibset-som tantum `they have read the Scripture text as we have read it save only that they have perverted it', Ml. 24d24 . accobor la mmenmuin maid do imradud act nandléicci concupiscentia carnalis , Wb. 3d13 . Borg Emna ro tetha / a.¤ mairte a clocha `save that its stones remain', Fél. Prol. 194 . is bēlra dligthech concanat, a.¤ nat aithgnet cluasa dōine, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . a.¤ nach deachaidh tar muir Manann, riámh ní rosgabh rí ba fearr, Keat. ii 5755 . So also in the following (where rel. not marked): haue a.¤ ro noebad / do Dunlang `a grandson, save that he has been hallowed, of D.', Fél. April 11 . manid caindleóracht in tige as ail duit do chosnamh a.¤ namá bid mó bas loscud don tig oldás bas suillse don tegluch except that the house is more likely to catch fire than its inmates to get light, LU 9197 ( FB 92 ). conrotacht . . . a tech . . . fo chosmailius na Cráebrúadi . . . a.¤ nammá ro derscaigestar a tech so . . . do thigib inna hamsiri, 8046 ( FB 1 ). coro ṡollsigset in catraig na dluma derga . . . a.¤ ni loisctís nech nama without however burning anyone, LB 152b41 .

(b) With má, mani, cé (see Vendryes, Ériu xvi 21f. ). With má except if, unless: act ma chotchela gl. numquid Israhel non cognouit, Wb. 5a9 . act massu made in chretem rochretsid gl. nisi frustra credidistis, 13a34 . act mad melltach lassin fer `unless it be agreeable to the husband', 9d17 . act mad óentu dúib occa gl. ex consensu, 9d22 . tír Cannain . . . / nista . . . / a.¤ ma rannait . . . / for meic iar for n-adnacul unless your sons divide it SR 4735 . ní dligther fothud a thige do neoch . . . a.¤ ma ḟrisnasar a ḟlaith, Críth G. 79 . nocho chumcaid-si imchaisin Críst a.¤ ma blasti bás ar thús, Trip.² 1147 . ní talla a léni de a.¤ mad fria huaim `he may not take off his shirt except it be to stitch it', Ériu vii 140 . Note also: a.¤ má dothísad Arddrí secht nime dó ní reg-sa, Trip.² 1354 .

(c) With mani except if . . . not. So in some early exx., but later = a.¤ má or mani: a.¤ manidchomalnid a rropridchad dúib gl. nisi forte reprobi estis (you show that God is in you except you fulfil not what has been preached to you, Wb. 18b7 . ni ba messi dogena a.¤ manimléicther ind it is not I who will do it unless I am not allowed in i.e. provided I am not forbidden to enter, RC xxv 26.9 . noco mberthar uaimse ait na halma ass (leg. a.¤ Vendryes, loc. cit.) manip aúrderg limsa, LU 5029 (TBC) unless I do not consider them visible i.e. worthy of being seen (Vendryes). a.¤ minab edrud ┐ grian, `provided it be not between thee and the sun', Ériu viii 122.28 . In follg. exx. = a.¤ má, a.¤ mani: ni segar baithis acht menip dóig bes marb in gein unless the child seems likely to die, Ériu ii 208 § 32 . fotdáilfind i n-ilpartib . . . a.¤ manibad F. were it not for F. LU 5673 (TBC). ?is mesi . . . dliges a caurathmir a.¤ mani brister anfír form unless I am treated unfairly, LU 8986 ( FB 74 ). ni raga ass . . . a.¤ manit ainge ben unless a woman protect you, 3352 ( SCC 14 ). ní maith duit imthecht t'oenur a.¤ mani[d] dáil fir no thēig, Fing. R. 91 . acht mana maidi in talam found unless the ground breaks under us, TBC-I¹ 3577 = mono thaeth (muna maidhi, muna maoighthfe v.ll.), TBC-LL¹ 5975 . ni ra cotail C. risin re sin, a.¤ mani chotlad fithisin ṁbic . . . C. did not sleep during that time except for a little while, 2473 = a.¤ mad mani chotlad, LU 6338 . nach fer gentor a.¤ mona bentar a cend de unless his head is cut off, RC xii 88 § 99 . a.¤ mana bera lat in topur so `unless you take away this well', Lism. L. 4669 . a.¤ muna faghbam ní dar cobair orra sin ní bia duine a mbethaid unless we can find something to protect us from them there will not be a person alive, Acall. 6174 . ní dénann urchóitt do neach acht mona derna nech urcóit di, Maund. 33 . nad ḟetar-sa . . . act manip íat in Galían, CRR 11 . a.¤ munab í M. th' iarraidh, Eachtra Uill. 4300 .

(d) With cia even though, even if: act ci nip lour `even though it be not sufficient', Wb. 11d15 . nach facamur riamh roimhi, / a.¤ gér cian ar comnoide though long has been our sojourn, Ériu iv 114.32 . tu easbal dob annsa leis /. . ./ a.¤ ger ionmhuin gach easbal, Dán Dé i 9 . ba menmarc leis co mberadh buaidh a.¤ ge bhadar ced fan fer `he wished to defeat them even though they were a hundred to one', Stair Erc. 1471 . acht gidh mór do maith doronuis co ró-so, ZCP vi 67.8 . for imegla a bhāssaigthe a.¤ ge ro baoi i n-a Pāpa, Fl. Earls 206.20 . a.¤ gér laoch mear even though he was a swift warrior, LBranach 7210 . Samson, a.¤ gér chalma a neart, Éigse iv 188.71 .

(e) In conditional sense if only, provided that (folld. in O. Ir. by perfective subj. except where an impossible condition is implied, see GOI § 904 ): bíth and beos acht ropo i tuil dée `let him still abide therein provided it be in God's will', Wb. 10a25 . act ní arbarat biuth inna túari provided they eat not the foods, 10c1 . bid maith mo menmese act rocloor for cáinscéilsi `my mind will be glad provided I hear good news of you', 23d2 . atá comeisseírge act rocretem oipred dæ, 27a15 . ni imned lim act rop Crist pridches, 23b24 . buí cara damsa isin tírsea . . . a.¤ rofeasmais conair dá thig if only we knew the way to his house, BDD² 262 . a.¤ rop coir ní gellas, Críth G. 505 . a.¤ ropom airdric-se (ropa airdercsa LU), maith lim cen co bend buan acht oenlaa, TBC-I¹ 571 . ata lasna tuati beith lór dóib do ascnam nime acht doratat ní dona hanmchairtib (sic leg.) `the lay folk deem it enough to win a place in heaven if only they have given something to their confessors', Mon. Tall. 141.16 (§ 35) . doémat na trī sailm-sea . . . acht rogabthar gach dīa, ZCP iii 30.23 . With non-perfective vb.: a.¤ ni bed úall and `if only there were no pride in it', Wb. 10b27 . nico mórbrig laisim and a.¤ ní cometestar dond accobar `he counts it no great matter provided there be no yielding to desire', Mon. Tall. 152.7 (§ 63) . a.¤ com-messind-se mo maccu nī diṅgentais do chride chrád if only I were able to control my sons, Fing. R. 498 . Note also: noco nindligthech do gin co tuca abad acht techtugad do breith `provided that he has brought the means of taking possession', Laws iv 4.15 .

(f) Similarly with follg. co n-: ríge láech nErend . . . dait . . . a.¤ co nderna mo chomarlisea provided thou do, LU 8114 ( FB 8 ). a.¤ cor damthar fír fer dam ol sé atbér, 9213 (94) . a.¤ co rabat glinni mo diṅgbála ria provided there are sureties to satisfy me, MU² 64 . a.¤ co nde[r]nat maith / flaith uaidib co bráth, Trip.² 1798 . cretfemit do Christ a.¤ co ro-fhindamm a nert, PH 345 . nis-fil do plāig . . . for bith nachus-bera sin for cūlu, a.¤ corup léir guidter Dia occai, RC xii 430 § 21 . With non-perfective vb.: asbert . . . nod lemad a mbrethugud a.¤ co ndaimtis nammá fora breith, LU 9012 ( FB 76 ). dá fessed a.¤ combad fer ulcach nod ngonad no mairfedsom he ind (mixed constr.) 6110 (TBC). cuma a dteasda uan dom aois / gan suan feasda a.¤ go bhféadmaois, Dán Dé xvii 5 . a cōir féine a.¤ go bhfagha / ni dóigh Éire i n-aontamha, TD 24.1 . Hence as soon as: act arroilgither ind epistilse dúibsi berthir úaib Laudocensibus gl. et cum lecta fuerit apud vos aepistola [haec] facite ut et in L. aeclesia legatur, Wb. 27d13 . aiggelat sa hé a.¤ co roisc int oirned as soon as the ordination is ended, RC xlii 134 § 9 . acht co ndernair hoc rechtair romhat dochum an prainntighe, RC xxvi 374.1 . With non-perfective vb.: ragat a.¤ co fiasur in n-airm atá I will go as soon as I know where he is, LU 3373 ( SCC 17 ). bérthar cainnli duit acht co tumthar, Lism. L. 1996 .

(g) In adversative sense but: énirt a cocubussom . . . act nosnerta in sonirt, Wb. 10c3 . coir irnigde tra inso act ní chumcamni, 4a27 . robatar leosom eter desciplu . . . act dorigénsat in descipuil dechor etarru, 7d10 . cenél Maicc Ercae as tressam . . . a.¤ nochon follamnaiget amal ardrígu, Trip.² 1064 . lánsíth i nHérinn . . . a.¤ buí imneissi chatha iter dá Chorpre, BDD² 230 .

(h) Often introducing a positive clause oppd. to a preceding neg. one or vice versa: ni imdibe dualche . . . act is imdibe colno, Wb. 21b11 . conibé eter in peccato act co beid in pænitentia , 9b2 . ní bo ar seirc móidme act conrobad torbe dúibsi triit, 17a13 . ní dron act is diuit et is glé, 17b4 . ni ar Abracham . . . a.¤ is diar foirbthetuni, 2d2 . ni delb ad-rorsat act is cosmulius delbe, 1b19 . ba torad saithir dúun . . . act ní bad nertad na mbraithre, 10c21 . is hé láech is áildem . . . a.¤ níba s[h]uthain, TBFr. 5 . ni hainfis a.¤ día necar doniam indnos it is not in ignorance, but to set them forth that we proceed in this way, Mon. Tall. 154.27 (§ 66) . co rrabe . . . cen dig cen biad, a.¤ 'co immorchor ón taíb co araile, Sc.M² 3 . In sense at all events, however: mór di ḟertaib . . . doróne . . . acht aisnédfimne úaiti do ilib díb, Trip.² 110 . nī himda persa . . . is fessach crēd . . . in bāss geipit, acht nī thernoighit tar aiss amach go bráth, Fl. Earls 70.31 . Note also: munup do saighe selbha a.¤ for ecin `unless he seizes land by force only', Laws iv 26.16 Comm. nídnanaid a crothad nach a flescad a.¤ a nidi `it is no protection to shake or beat it, but only to wash it', Mon. Tall. 155.2 (67) . ná dearbh as a.¤ go hairech, Content. vi 27 .

(i) On cases where the prec. neg. sentence contains a word meaning only: ni hed a méit nonchretidsi act fodaimid fochidi airi `not only do ye believe it but ye endure sufferings therefor', Wb. 23c7 . nípat hé . . . nammá beite isind inducbáil sin a.¤ bieit cit geinti, 4c40 . nirbo chuit eperte tantum act robatar cid ferte dia imthrenugud, 24c5 . ni namá na duile aicside do chumscugud . . . a.¤ ro-chumscaigit gráda nime, PH 152 .

(j) In the idiom a.¤ ní . . . ní not only not . . . but not (cf. sech): a.¤ ní ructaisseom airesom ní rucadsom foraibsom not only could they not get away from him but he could not catch up with them, BDD² 300 and note. a.¤ nis leicim nis étaim, TBC-LL¹ 2334 (= sech LU). a.¤ ni trebad ni coimge, Metr. Dinds. iv 332.36 . a.¤ ni gonab-sa ni gonfa-sa mo moindter-sa, Ériu v 32.23 . a.¤ ní mó a cách ní lugu `not only is it not increasing but it is not less', Otia ii 81.2 . In positive constr.: acht ba dimdach ba debthach, SR 5688 . atbert in drui: a.¤ saerfaithir do mathair doberthar duit na bú as well as freeing your mother the cows will be given to you, IT i 40.x . Note also: a.¤ ní buaid a denam imbáruch is mó is dimbúaid a denam innocht, TBC-LL¹ 1866 .

(k) With cia: cindas rainnfither in mucc . . . cīa indas . . . a.¤ a-rann ar chomramaib in what other way, Sc.M² § 6 . cid, ol si, acht maillechut-sa tú co sír, PH 8262 . Introducing a phrase: cid fil ann didiu (sic leg.) a.¤ amal itcualae, PH 834 . cid fil ann immorro acht ni dechaidh aonnech ina ndocum, Stair Erc. 449 . Note also: aní ná roich lám, cid a.¤, / is écen dam a dúthracht, LU 3935 (`yet' SCC § 44 ).

(l) As quasi-conjunction in idioms with cen (gan): gan é a.¤ i naois ōiglenaib `seeing he was but of young child's age', O'Gr. Cat. 381.13 . gan lios . . . a.¤ lán do dhoire dharach, TD 28.7 . gan duine a.¤ ag dol ar séad, Dán Dé ix 34 . gan duine . . . do dol faoi . . . acht le custam do dhīol `that no one should go under it without paying custom', Fl. Earls 90.4 . brugh. loch. Lugh inand ghabhaid a.¤ gan illradh ag Lugh, IGT Decl. p. 81 § 29 . Note also: ní fuil mac Gaoidhil ná Goill / a.¤ lán dá éanghrádh uile, TD 17.57 . ní bhí leó a urdail a.¤ d'ór /. . ./ cinn a bhfagha suaine a sleagh / nó truaille tana dtroigheadh `they have not so much as the heads of their javelins . . . but is gold', 9.29 .

In introductory phrases: a.¤ chena is alaind cech nderg, LU 3914 ( SCC 43 ). gabhuis Columcille in salm . . . acht cena ni rolegh-som acht aibghiter namá cosin, Lism. L. 823 . a.¤ nammá atáa mí nád n-imthet rí a.¤ cethrur however there is a month when a king goes about accompanied by four only, Críth G. 535 . acht atá ní chena, bar F., is fiach fola ┐ feola dó-som é, TBC-LL¹ 2989 . See also cena. cid (trá) a.¤, cid fil and (trá) a.¤ etc., see trá II(b). a.¤ (mad) énní however, nevertheless, at all events: achtmadh enní, do marbhadh ceithre fir décc [dibh], AFM v 1328.4 . acht aenni, do bitis debtha dermara eturro, Ann. Conn. 1315.4 . acht aen ni . . . bemitt ar aenconair, 1315.8 .

III As subst. ise cuit in achta ann this is the function of the word `acht' in that passage, O'D. 745 (H 3.17 col. 541) (possibly to be referred to 2 acht).

ad-ágathar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-ágathar or dil.ie/255

 

Forms: -ágathar, ágaid(ir), ad-n-agur, atágur, -agur, ad-agadar, ad-ágethar, adnaigethar, -ágathar, -agether, -agedar, ad-n-aigther, atagamar, -agammar, -agetar, -áigder, águr, áigde, aig-siu, -águmar, -hágam, agatar, ad-againse, ataighin, ar-don-aigtis, atnaicter, -ágara, -áigther, -agither, -aigither, -agathar, ad-āgind, cia dágind, -āghedh, áigthe, aghus, aghais, -ndaigset, -ndáigsind, -agsind, no-aghsainn, munadágsad, adaichfer, adaichfedar, adāigfedur, -aichfetar, -áigfimis, ad-agastar, adaigestar, atrágestar, adraigsemar, adraichsetar, adraigsetar, -aigsetar, ataigh, -áigh, ataigsem, atraigset, aghsatt, áigthiu, áigsiu

v prototonic -ágathar. See GOI §§ 543, 553 . Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 454 . Later as simple vb. ágaid(ir). Indic. pres. 1 s. ad-n-agur sa, Ml. 74d4 . atágur, LU 6154 (TBC). -ágor, Thes. ii 290.5 . -agur, LU 3305 . 3 s. ad-agadar (rel.), Ml. 53c14 . ad-ágethar, BDD² 691 . adnaigethar (atanaaigthar v.l.), IT i 68.9 -ágathar, Wb. 1a3 . -agether, Ml. 129a2 . -agedar, TBC-LL¹ 2032 . Pass. ad-n-aigther, Ml. 27c1 . 1 pl. atagamar, LU 3792 ( SCC 36 ). -agammar, LL 308b40 . 3 pl. -agetar, Ml. 39b14 . Pass. -áigder, Thes. ii 294.15 (or 2 s. act.?). Ipv. 1 s. águr, Ériu i 68 § 6 (see Bergin, Ériu xii 219 ). 2 s. áigde, ib. aig-siu, 70.3 . 1 pl. -águmar, LL 308b17 . -hágam, 308b38 . 3 pl. agatar, Ml. 51d11 . Indic. impf. 1 s. ad-againse, Ml. 63d11 . ataighin, Imr. Brain ii 292.8 (see Celtica v 139 ). 3 pl. ar-don-aigtis, Ériu iii 138.83 . Subj. pres. 2 s. atnaicter, Gael. 50, 139 (= ad-n-áichther, Blathm. 892) . -ágara, LU 3891 ( SCC 40 ). -áigther, 3306 ( 11 ). -agither, 5265 ( TBC-I¹ 789 ). -aigither, IT iii 241.212 . 3 s. -agathar, Ml. 66a2 . Subj. impf. 1 s. ad-āgind, ACL iii 295 § 17 . cia dágind, Imr. Brain i 288.7 . 3 s. -āghedh, ZCP xii 296.28 . Pass. ardott áigthe , LU 5656 (TBC). (cf. áigthi ) With s-subj. ?Pres. 2 s. aghus ([ag]ais, aghais, v.l.), ZCP iii 448.7 . 3 pl. -ndaigset, RC xii 422 § 4 . Impf. 1 s. -ndáigsind, LL 229b21 ( TTr. 915 ). -agsind, Imr. Brain ii 288.8 . no-aghsainn, BS 74.8 (§ 40) . 3 s. munadágsad, ZCP vii 312.2 . Fut. 1 s. adaichfer, Ml. 68c17 . 3 s. (rel.). adaichfedar, Ml. 46c20 . adāigfedur, ZCP iii 449.6 . 3 pl. -aichfetar, Ml. 80b13 . Condit. 1 pl. -áigfimis, BDD² 506 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. ad-agastar, LU 817 . adaigestar, Dinds. 43 (RC xv 434). atrágestar, LL 13587 . 1 pl. adraigsemar, LL 13899 . 3 pl. adraichsetar, Ml. 80d4 . adraigsetar, 124b6 . -aigsetar, 35c4 . Without depon. ending 3 s. ataigh, RC xxvii 300.4 . -áigh, .2. 1 pl. ataigsem, Moling 68 . 3 pl. atraigset, LL 16033 . ro aghsatt , BNnÉ 36.21 .

Vn. áigthiu. Later áigsiu. See áigthech, áigthi .

Fears, dreads, stands in awe of: intí adagadar in Coimdid `he who fears the Lord', Ml. 53c14 . nísnagathar bonum opus ` bonum opus fears them not', Wb. 6a7 . atotágathar dia mbrath / Ailill Aie lía slúagad he fears thee, LU 4707 . ticfa intí tagammar (adaghar v.l. St.) de, TBC-LL¹ 506 . nimmain Andind cia dágind / mád hé Béoin nísnagsind A. will not save me though I fear him, Imr. Brain ii 288.7 . manataigter ind gille `if the servant be not in awe of thee', Mon. Tall. 142.3 . ar cach n-olc itágursa bágursa mac nOengusa, LL 308b24 . aigthi in Coimdid ┐ not aigthife cách, Three Hom. 76.11 . ni agat (.i. ni agatar) monud . . . no gorud frichis ruaid (.i. i llo bratha), LL 364 marg. sup. ataigsetar . . . aní adchonncatar, Immrama 31.179 . bidh ann grisadh co rot-āigther, ACL iii 295 § 26 . aigit (agit v.l.) .i. immeclaigit, Lib. Hymn. i 110 gl. l . aghaim .i. eaglaighim, O'Cl.

Folld. by vn. phrase: adraichsetar digail du thabairt forru, Ml. 80d4 . agur águr iar céin chéin / bith i péin phéin, LU 420 (ACC). atraigsetar (ba heaccal leo, v.l.) C. d'imbirt báis . . . forro, TBC-LL¹ 4276 . atagur . . . urchra forsin caille, Anecd. i 11.27 . ataighin eona uile dom arccuin, Imr. Brain ii 292 § 13 `I used to fear that all the birds would slay me', Celtica v 140 . Folld. by finite clause: air adraigsetar nondabértais iterum in captiuitatem , Ml. 124b6 . atagur min (leg. nin?) tucait (as baoghal lem nach tiubhraid, v.l.) I fear they will not give it, BNnÉ 303 § 12 .

See ad-ais, agar.

? 2 adall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 2 adall or dil.ie/276

 

n ocht n-eich co n-adhallaibh (conall, v.l.) argaid, Leb. Cert. 156.7 (= co srianaibh in passage in poem 162.10 ). See 2 all .

adastar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adastar or dil.ie/322

 

Forms: a.

n o, m. halter: a.¤ gl. capistrum, Ir. Gl. 820 . adastor .i. comsuidiugud o ilrannaib uil and, O'Mulc. 100 . im srian, im all, im adastor, Laws i 124.14 . adbar na mbróg no na nadastor, O'D. 1678 (H. 5.15 p. 28a). a.¤ lāra il-lāim a mare's bridle, IT iii 82 § 64 . [a] a.¤ ┐ a ellach / d'imin úr, MacCongl. 81.3 . agastar agarb iarrainn / atá ar chenn in eich sin, SG 260.15 . m'aghastar ón m'agastar / . . . / gid bó dhub chuiredh nech ionn / do bud bó fhionn i gcédáir, 249.4 . g s. as attrib. haltered, bridled: sē mīli ech n-adhustoir led horses(?), ZCP xiii 12.11 . bo adhastair as gach creich, BNnÉ 202 § 42 . As a nick-name: Mac mic girr an adhastair, AU iii 32.8 .

adbar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adbar or dil.ie/340

 

Forms: isa n-a., adbara, adhbhar

n o, n. a s. isa n-a.¤ , Ml. 138c3 . n p. adbara, LL 218b31 ( TTr. 123 ). adhbhar m. IGT Decl. § 11 . See Celtica i 337 .

I

(a) matter, material: isa na.¤ nephdelbaigthe gl. informemque materiam, Ml. 138c3 . ri rothepi . . . / asin cheta.¤ admas / talam . . ., SR 30 . ba terc cach n-a.¤he had little of any substance, LU 11008 . aprisce in adbhuir dian-ar-forcoimnacair `the fragility of the matter whereof we have been made', Ériu ii 122 § 62 . co cruthaigfea in comdiu . . . curpa dind adbur toltanaigfes do cip é méit . . . in t-a.¤ , LU 2595 . a.¤ tened, BColm. 54.20 . d'iarraidh adhbhair cruite, Keat. ii 2692 . a.¤ in ard-naim the ingredients of the saint i.e. his discent or genealogy SG 18.3 . Med. iomad adhbhair (adhbhar v.l.), festering matter, Trompa na bhF. 7436 .

(b) materials etc., serving a special purpose, gear, equipment: roderscaigestar a tech so eter adbur ┐ elathain, LU 8046 ( FB 1 ). mad fige a loscad etir garmain ┐ cech n-a.¤ olchena `the loom-beam and all other materials', Ériu ii 206 § 27 . a h-adbara ┐ a aídimmi (of a ship), LL 218b31 ( TTr. 123 ). nirthá do lín na h adbor cathugud trisna barbárdu sa `he has neither number nor gear to fight', 220a25 (ib. 220). is athais mor daib muna derntai calma amlaid sin ┐ febus in adbair fuil agaib, Aen. 2465 .

(c) Of persons with follg. gen. in sense of makings (of), one fit to be (hardly to be distinguished from damna in similar use, in spite of O'Don. Gram. p. 445 ): a.¤ ríg, Sc.M² § 14 . int a.¤ rig is ferr do bi da coiced fein, Ann. Conn. 1272.4 . airchideóchain Tuama . . . ┐ a.¤ aird-espuic, Hy Fiach. 114.12 (`? archdeacon with right of succession', Plummer MS notes). a.¤ suad, AU ii 508.4 . a.¤ gaiscedaig the makings of a warrior, LL 8581 . is breath adhbhair Ioldánaigh / do bhí ar Eoin E. was estimated as a young `Ildánach ', Arch. Hib. i 90 § vi . Hence of a grade of poet: itir éceas ┐ adhbar i.e. both poets and students (of poetry), Oss. v 40.5 . adhbhar oideadh young poets (makings of teachers), DDána 46.3 . do chuir geall . . . / fa dhán re hadhbhar eile challenged another student about a poem, 90.16 . Note also: ni raibi do shluagh adbhur cathaigthe friu there was not any army fit to fight with them, TTr.² 1438 .

Hence of successors (actual or potential) to particular offices (kingship, abbacy, etc.) usually with eulogistic implications: D. rí Midhi ┐ a.¤ ríg Erenn, RC xviii 277.13 (Tig.). a.¤ tigerna Breagh, AFM ii 880.14 . ádbar comarba Phattraicc, 762.7 . C. a.¤ ollaman na Brefne, Ann. Conn. 1411 § 22 . gurvo hadhbhar nuachair d'Eirinn antí Conall, ZCP xiv 223.12 . an t-adhbur imperi bis inadíaidh ` heir-apparent ', Maund. 192 . adhbhur a chlemhna his intended son-in-law, Ériu v 188.451 .

(d) subject-matter (of discussion, literary work, etc.): do chum do sgeóil do bhuain ré hádhbhar i.e. so that your fable should have a bearing on the matter under discussion, Desid. 3563 . in tan adchid in filid . . . in tadbur a subject for his poem, Laws i 44.3 Comm. adhbhar ceoil ar gcomhlabhra `the sweet subject of our language', Content. xxv 1 . neithe nach beanann ré hadhbhar which are not to the point, TSh. 9063 . a bhaoghlaigh / do chor-sa is adhbhar aonaigh thy business is idle market talk, DDána 4.9 . dob é m'oide ar adhbhoraibh, TD 23.9 .

II

(a) cause, ground, reason: ciadcobrinn moidim do dénum ni bói a.¤ híc, Wb. 17d17 . a.¤ fáilte, 20a9 . adbur na cnete, IT i 123.7 . a.¤ móide cause of anger, Dán Dé xxv. 15 . ionnbhúr n-adhbhar uathbháis ┐ miosguis ag Dia, Trompa na bhF. 457 . adhbhar cumhadh, TD 14.4 . a adhbhar d'iomchar na croiche / i gcoinne an bháis do bhí ag drud the reason for carrying his cross, DDána 30.12 . adhbair asa ndleghait soin, ZCP viii 116 § 16 . is é is a.¤ dóibh chuige sin, Corp. Astron. 2.9 . is é adhbhur ma tánac chucaib-si, do innisin scéal an domain díb, RC xxiv 371.3 . mór n-adhbhar fárbh aontuighthe, TD 20.53 . cuma leis ternó nó gan terno a cath acht co cuired a clú adhbar dá adhbaraibh provide he should be famous for some reason(?), Expugn. Hib. § 15 . corop i n-adbur na haighi sin rogaba bás that he may die because of that fawn, Todd Nenn. 182.12 . tuig . . . fa adhbar áiridhe . . . gurab edh as áil linn `that for a certain reason we desire', CS 2.1 . ar an adhbhar go ttoirmeasccann an fercc . . . carthanacht etorra féin, Ériu xv 28 § 2 . ar an adhbhar in aimsir S. Clára . . . ní raibhe áonchlabhsdra aca, 96 § 3 . ar adhbharaibh aile `for other reasons', AFM ii 918 note c. méid m'orchra ar an adhbhar-sa for this reason, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 380.6 .

(b) Of the cause of a quarrel, battle, etc.: cath . . . fa a.¤ coir, RC xxiii 404.15 . sila ┐ adbair in catha, CCath. 3852 . is d'adbaraibh catha Chula Dremne sin, RC xvii 143.4 . is a.¤ ṅdegdebtha, LL 12109 . Hence absolutely in sense of casus belli: adbur no bidbanus, O'D. 1376 (E 3.5, 26a). can adbur can bidbanus, Laws v 142.18 Comm. olc in ta.¤ dia mbói sin LL 20624 . fobith . . . a nadbair ┐ a nesaenta re aroile, AFM iv 1010.22 . tosach an adhbhair eiséin `he is the cause of the dispute' TD 3.26 .

(c) Of the ground, pretext for a claim, charge : bít oc dénum adbair do argain na n-óglach, PH 7528 . dall-adbur no ferai form `you bring an unfounded charge against me, RC xiv 243.44 . caide in t-abur assa fuighmis hé?, Acall. 5215 . fágbhaim an t-adhbhar faoi féin / ní beag nod dfhior mar eiséin affair(?), Ir. Review 1913, 625 § 20 . ní ḟuil ní d'adhbhar aige, TD 8.32 . nár lim gan a.¤ éigin without some pretext (of someone returning uninvited), O'Gr. Cat. 352.19 . sé 'na ṡeanadhbhar ó ṡin an ancient cause ever since, TD 7.33 . anaic sinn ar ár n-damnadh / glanaidh sinn ó ar sean-adhbhar, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 382.4 .

In phrase lucht adbair people who bring charges, complaints(?); people with a grievance(?): mhaithmhechas na naindligheadh do thabhairt do lucht adhbhair, Ó Héodhusa 230 z . lucht adhbhair tar éis a ndiomdha, TD 29.19 . bíse it armaibh re hucht gcean / a lucht adhbhair go n-airgthear, 19.15 .

ad-comairc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-comairc or dil.ie/399

 

Forms: athchomarcaid, atom-athcomairc, athchomarc

v (* aith-com-arc-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 457 ). Also as simple vb. athchomarcaid. asks, questions. Indic. pres. 3 s. dothaet . . . do thig a aite ┐ adcomaircc imbatar oegid isunn and asks if there were guests there, Rawl. 126b33 . ni athcomairc in dorsaid a thaidecht nonbar hi Caisil i.e. he may enter with a company of 9 without challenge from the door-keeper, Irish Texts i 20 § 11 . Pass. sg. ata aurba . . . nad aclaidead . . . adcomarcar uile `leave is asked about them all ', Laws iv 154.21 . co natcomaircter nde cid ted, RC xiii 222.4 . Ipv. 2 s. atom-athcomairc ask me, RC xii 76 § 59 f. (the form may belong to a decompound, see ad-athchomairc (sic leg.), where a similar ex. from the same passage is given). Subj. pres. pass. sg. dia nathcomarcar in tan oslaicter . . . mana athcomarctar itir, Laws iv 156.10 . Impf. 3 pl. dus ind aith-comraictis banscale fris `whether women took counsel of him', Mon. Tall. 150.18 (§ 61) . Pret. 3 s. icad smacht na hoirgne . . . ar ni athcomarc for he did not ask leave, Laws iv 156.16 . Perf. 2 s. in scēl roathcomaircís. RC x 185.6 . 3 s. ma ro aithcomairc seom init bidbad do neoch isin tuaith ┐ ni ro ataim dó, O'Curry 609 (H 3. 18. 297). ro athcomhaircc an justis cia an mbratach, AFM v 1588.5 .

Vn. athchomarc .

1 ad-cumaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ad-cumaing or dil.ie/411

 

Forms: adcumaing, atchomaing, ad-comaicc, -ecmaic, -ecmaing, ecmaiṅger, -ecmongar, adcoimced, adcoimged, -ecm(a)i, -ecma, adchomga, -ecmonga, ad-comnaicc, ecmong, ad-comnaicc, adh-comnaccair, adcæmnacair, ecomnechair, atacomcussa, adcomchaissem, -ecmaingsem, adcomcisset, adcoimcaiset, at comgaisit, ecmong, -ecmaic, -ecmaing, ecmong

v (*in-com-icc). Indic. pres. 3 s. adcumaing, Ml. 19c11 . atchomaing, 24c16 (with inf. pron.). ad-comaicc, BDD² 1475 . See GOI p. 354 . Prot. -ecmaic, -ecmaing, used in Mid. Ir. in absolute position in sense (b) below. ?Pass. ecmaiṅger, Ériu vii 6.21 = -ecmongar, 199.7 (in sense of con-icc?). ? Impf. 3 s. adcoimced, LU 7993 ( = ad-comaicc, BDD² 1528 ). adcoimged, O'Mulc. 578 ( = adcomced, Rawl. 108b 37 ). Subj. pres. 3 s. -ecm(a)i, -ecma, Wb. 5b35 , Ml. 15d5 , LU 5855 . Later adchomga, Ériu vii 168.8 . -ecmonga, ii 122 § 62 . pret. and perf. are not distinguished, the most usual form being the 3 s. ad-comnaicc with inf. pron. as verb of existence (see (b) below). Apart from this construction special pret. forms occur mainly in the sense strikes , which is not found in the vn. ecmong (see (a) below). In the other meanings the pres. is frequently used as a historic tense (cf. Études Celt. iii 232 ). pret. 3 s. ad-comnaicc ( happened ), BDD² 1478 (see note.) With depon. inflexion adh-comnaccair, 1477 . adcæmnacair, TBC-I¹ 2248 . ? ecomnechair, ZCP viii 307.25 . As s-pret. 1 s. atacomcussa, LU 9388 . 1 pl. adcomchaissem, Ériu ii 122 § 62 . -ecmaingsem, Fél. Ep. 7 ( -ecmaicsim, O'Dav. 775 ). 3 pl. adcomcisset, Wb. 4d13 . adcoimcaiset, Trip.² 1648 . at comgaisit , O'Curry 2022 ( H 4.22, 49 ).

Vn. ecmong.

There are two meanings, (a) strikes (trans.), (b) happens . As prot. -ecmaic -ecmaing and vn. ecmong are found only in sense (b), and the s-pret. (found in O. Ir. glosses) only in sense (a) there may have been two distinct compound verbs. See, however, MU² 1049 and Ériu v 242.153 cited below under (a). But sense (b) could have arisen from sense (a), where, on the other hand, a compd. of icc could have been influenced by or conflated with boingid or a compd. thereof. Treated as one vb. by Pedersen Vgl. Gr. (ii 555) and Thurn. ( GOI 354 ).

(a) strikes, cuts: adcomcisset ilbéim friss, Wb. 4d13 . atchomaing friagitofil `he struck it against A.,' Ml. 24c16 . roáil .i. adcumaing gl. inimicorum ora pulsavit, 19c10 , 11 . adcoimcaiset crandú fri scíathu, Trip.² 1648 . atascomaing for oenchlaich he slew them on the same stone, SR 5320 . atacomoṅg dooenbeim, 6920 . díbaircid dí conda-ecmaic, MU² 1049 . manid in Leuidan . . . ad-comaicc a erball do thochur in beatha, BDD² 502 . adcomaing cach fer dīb biur n-indamsa, adcomchusa a mbiursa (leg. mo biur-sa?) tria cechtarde seom, TBC-I¹ 2825 . is and atcomaic ruadan in dub themrach (.i. cloc) isin tellach, LB 260b29 = adcomaing, YBL 136a27 . co necmaing a ceand dia suidiu `shore his head from off him', Ériu v 242.153 (to be referred to (b)?).

(b) happens, chances (frequ. in O. Ir. glosses in subjunct. with neg. glossing Lat. nē: coníecmi nádnairchissa gl. ne forte nec tibi parcat, Wb. 5b35 . Ml. 15d5 , 121c13 , 122b5 . KZ xxix 372 . nad n-ecma nad benur do chend dít, LU 5855 (TBC.2 1384). mad dia n-ecma nach ceallach if any dissension arises, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 92 § 17 . tar crich aranecmai a saíd bre ca[i]ch on which somebody's property happens to be(?), Laws i 78.18 . ad-comnaiccc (sic) corthi cloiche foa chosaib Meic C. there happened to be, BDD² 1478 . ad-cumaing an abhann ina tuinn amail robhaoi riamh, Ériu xiii 13.6 . co n-ecmaing a tul immon n-all so that his forehead struck against the cliff, LU 8934 . ecmaic aroli fer chucca, PH 929 . eacmaing Fint dia tofund happened to go hunting them, ZCP viii 105.9 . The form ecmaing, ecmaic it happens (-ed) occurs with various constructions: ecmaing is dó nach terc ní, ZCP vii 269 § 14 . adcumbec bid mairb dia mairt, xiii 376 n. 7 ( iii 462, xx 223 ). ecmaic boí a chlaideb hi farrad Fergusa, LU 5405 ( TBC-I¹ 927 ). ecmaing . . . cocualutur ni, Fél.² cxxviii 22 . ecmaing nocha n-erbert riam, Anecd. ii 69.4 . eacmaing a bhaí ana . . . do breith dolēic, ZCP xiii 172.18 (TBFr.).

With inf. pron. lit. it has happened to x (to be), hence as verb of existence, the whole group usually being tantamount to a personal pron. (see GOI 480 ): cindas persine attotchomnicc what kind of person art thou? Wb. 6b 13 . Setanta mac Sualtaim atomchomnaicse, LU 4892 ( TBC-I¹ 405 ). ardchaerich adobcomnaic-si ye are mighty sheep, Anecd. i 41.25 . na haiti rosnaltadar ┐ na dá Maine ... ┐ ata-comnaicsi fa-deisin and she herself, BDD² 106 . dogairet i[n]na h-uile Érennaig atotchomnaicc are calling thee, Trip.² 258 . ní mó na mod maccáin lee atacaemnaic, TBC-LL¹ 1632 (in dar le ni mo ina meid mic bhic boi ann, St.) ?atamchomnaic dirgitetaid mo Crist cumachtaig, LU 1152 (ACC). di glain gil atacomnaicc it is (made) of clear crystal, 2039 ( FA 11 ). atacaemhnacair osse . . . merdána, CCath. 347 v.l. laoch amra . . . Art C. atacomhnaic to wit, Hugh Roe 14.12 . In colophon: finit Dubaltach Firbisigh adomcomhnvic, Goid. 79 . Note also: atacomnaic mac laiside .i. Néde, RC xxvi 8.4 . i ndomnach adcoemnaccair Día in sássad nemda .i. in maind, Ériu ii 198.12 (cf. do-indnaig).

2 ad-cumaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ad-cumaing or dil.ie/412

 

Forms: -acmai, -acmaicet

v A verb (*ad-com-icc-) distinct from 1 ad-cumaing (*in-com-icc-) seems indicated by the vnn. accmaing, tacmang (q.v.).? ath cumaing cach deistidh dithle, O'Curry 2497 (Eg., 40(41)c ). Prot. forms rare. Cf. subj. pres. 3 s. -acmai, O'Curry 58 ( H 3.18, 21a ) (bad spelling of -ecmai (1 ad-cumaing)?). Indic. pres. 3 pl. cia ro acmuinget mic a cain cluiche, 1585 (23 Q 6, 1 a) (deriv. of acmang? Bad spelling for ecmainget?); -acmaicet, 468 (H. 3. 18, 246).

Reaches, extends to, attains to: amail atcumaic in clí isin tegdais ō lár co clēithi sic adcomaic airechas in grādha so dianad ainm clí, Corm. Y 275 (= Corm. p. 10 ), cf. Laws iv 358.23 Comm. mad sligi adcumaid (leg. adcuma, ZCP xviii 326 ) ó thír co flaith, Laws iv 278.18 . ? cid duine ada drochma, O'D. 1975 ( Eg. 90, 9(10)a ) (?ada-d-ro-chma, Plummer MS. notes). roth n-óir isin brut . . . adcomaic húa smech cóa imlind, LU 7361 ( BDD² 1000 ). flesc . . . adcomced midlisse in tige, 8736 . atcumaing .i. rainic, ut est Táin; atcumaing iarum Cu Chulainn an abhann, Ériu xiii 64 § 39 . ?uair atacumang sa sein uile `thou art able (to do) all that' (lit. attainest to?), CCath. 4056 (cf. con-icc).

ad-eirrig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-eirrig or dil.ie/426
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: aitherrach, aithirge

v (* ath-ar-reg-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 593 ).

(a) repeats, reiterates: aderrigsom forsanimchomarc fodí repeats the question twice, Ml. 46a21 . aderriussa gl. adieciam super omnem laudem tuam, 89b3 . atherracht ind co fo trí he repeated it thrice, Laud 610, 117b . nir aitherracht béim do bun chraind díb acht óenbéim co claidiub, LU 9063 ( FB 81 ). Cf. nir aitheraig beim riam do neoch acht oen beim, Cog. 188.26 . roaitherechtha uili limsa they were all re-made by me, Ériu iv 134.16 . quicquid iteratur . . . .i. gach ni athairrigthir, Auraic. 729 = cach ni athraigther, 3485 . Perhaps also in the following: dian ceis imitecht adreis riarra fri ollam nairidhi, O'Curry 1606 (23 Q 6, 5 a) = O'D. 535 ( H 3.17, 432 ). adreis .i. aiterrach, ut est Madnai do tes adres anai adgnai in cach oen bliadain adres .i. aitherrach in aithne, O'Dav. 120 . mad eirr (leg. ma ad-eirr?) ind aithgin iar tres cinud . . . .i. madia naitrigh no madia nairghe cin do denumh. Laws ii 188.9, 11 Comm. = dia naithrighe, O'Curry 2369 ( Eg. 88, 28 (29)d ). Cf. ZCP iv 348 . ? olliarraid a derigar altrum darese araile, Laws ii 176.1 . With prep. I N- in sense of relapsing into sin (possibly in this idiom *ath-ess-reg-): ma atheirr ind = si iteraverit, Ériu vii 146.5 . inge nād n-aithersed inn but that he should not relapse into it, ZCP x 47.10 . cenibad in olc naill naithirsed unless he should fall into some other sin(?), Laws i 10.6 . Cf. aithéirgid.

(b) changes. In O. Ir. glosses in sense of changes for the better, emends, improves: aithirgid bésu diandaithirsid ón isindeseircc . . . rigthir cuccuib, Wb. 9a23 . dúus indaithirset `if perchance they may repent it', 30b30 (see note). intí adeirrig treprecept do `he whom he brings to repentance', 22c2 (`der sich bekehrt', Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 593 ). atanneirrig gl. qui nos . . . emendat, Ml. 114d10 . robu cho adersetar gl. uel emendentur, 30d11 . arna aithirrestar gl. ne . . . emendetur, 32d13 . Cf. no-s-atherraig as a ulc, PH 5583 . mani aithir `if he does not amend', Ériu vii 162.17 . Hence changes, alters in general: ni aithergem na duile, Alex. 884 . ro hathirged a pell fo B. `was readjusted', Cog. 198.22 . nír aithearraigh aigneadh, IGT Verbs ex. 831 . créud far haithearraigheadh . . . saoire an tSathrainn ar an nDomhnach?, Parrth. Anma 2664 .

Vn. aitherrach. aithirge.

See 1 aithrigid, aithirgigid(ir), athairgtar and IGT Verbs § 84 , §106 .

ad-fíri

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-fíri or dil.ie/441
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: aidbrid, aidbred

v Also as simple vb. aidbrid. sues, claims to be true (fír), originally verifies, identifies, draws public attention to. Often used in the Laws to describe a preliminary to litigation, as, for example, when the owner of stolen property identifies it in the possession of another person and formally accuses him of theft: is cumai fiach neich doci ┐ nad aidbri ┐ nad thobaing . . . fri neuch cullius soiri an domnaig i.e. he who sees and does not sue or levy has to pay the same fine as he who breaks the law of Sunday, Anecd. iii 22.18 . leth di neuch adhiri ┐ dotboing, 23.1 . ni dlegor iardach foraib / do chin adírther `for a crime that is alleged', Ériu xvi 183 § 37 ; 'may be substantiated' The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 137 § 37 . aidbris . . . in rechtaire in claideb ┐ dorigni tecta n-adbriuda occa `the steward sued for the sword', IT iii 200 § 65 . cach aidhbriudh docuisin, cach laisi (.i. oca) naidbrither is lais a tuinide, O'Curry 336 ( H 3.18, p. 185 ). itir in fer aidhbris ┐ in fer ro crec fris, O'D. 852 ( H 3.17, c. 606 ). ait i n-aidbrither, O'Dav. 1140 . aidbrither . . . an ceile `the tenant is sued', Laws v 360.6 Comm. ad-fíre (adfiriu, v.l.) guth 'ich erhebe Anspruch auf die Stimme', Akten Linz 137 § 3 . With oc claims from: is ac gataigi . . . ro haidbriud na seoit the seds were claimed from a thief, O'D. 1653 ( H 5.15, p. 21b ). cach indraic aidbres ac indraic . . is lais intí `ga naidbrither a imdenam, O'D. 1631 (H 5.15, p. 17a) = gach innraic aidhbris a set ag eisinnraic . . ., O'Curry 2288 ( Eg. 88, 21b ). ac urradh ro aidbred in set `the sed was claimed from a native freeman', Laws iii 242.6 Comm. in fine oca n-aidbrither, i 206.24 . ní fétuidh in tí dá tabuir cu n-aidbridthur occa, 248.19 Comm. cídh í an inraic aidhbres cidh aice aidhbrethar, O'Curry 2151 ( Eg. 88, 3ba .) cid iat aidbres cid aca aidbrither, O'D. 1641 - 2 ( H 5.15, 19a .) With FOR claims against: cach ni uile aidbrius an flaith forsin cele, Laws ii 274.23 Comm. gémadh hí Ere d'aidbredh ar na hallmarchaib even though he claimed all Ireland, Caithr. Thoirdh. 93.35 .

Vn. aidbred.

ad-guid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-guid or dil.ie/467
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: aicde, adguidhi, -aic[d]im, -aicde, ad-guid, ad-guidet, ad-guidter, -aic[d]ither, ad-guiter, -aicditer, aicc, ciatgeis, adrogestar, -argesatar, -aiciste, adrogesta, atgaith, adrogatsa, adrogaid, adroegaid, adraeghaid, -urguid, -árgaid, atraegatar, atrogessa, aicde

v (* ad-(ath-?)-guid, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 551 ). Palatal quality in pres. forms prob. due to the influence of the vn. aicde, see GOI p. 355 . Indic. pres. 1 s. adguidhi, RC xvii 230.15 (Tig.). aicdiu (prot. for deut.), Bürgschaft 15 § 51 . -aic[d]im, O'D. 2330 (Rawl. B 506, 35c). 2 s. -aicde, Bürgschaft 28 § 75 . 3 s. ad-guid, Laws v 272.8 . 3 pl. ad-guidet, Laws iv 346.17 Comm. Pass. sg. ad-guidter, O'Curry 853 (H 3.18, 386b). -aic[d]ither, ZCP xiii 22.8 . Pl. ad-guiter, -aicditer, ZCP xiii 22.16, 17 . Ipv. 2 s. aicc (see GOI § 588 ), Laws ii 130.9 . Subj. pres. 2 s. ? ciatgeis, ZCP iii 37.33 . Pass. pl. (with ro) adrogestar, O'Curry 2396 (Eg. 88, 31a). -argesatar, Laws v 366.1 . Subj. impf. pass. sg. -aiciste, Ériu ii 106 § 16 . With ro: adrogesta, Laws iv 210.8 . Pret. 3 s. atgaith, Ériu ii 4.6 ? Perf. 1 s. adrogatsa, O'Curry 876 (H 3.18, 393a). 3 s. adrogaid, AU i 368.18 . adroegaid (cf. ad-goa), LU 9810 . adraeghaid, Anecd. i 42.15 . -urguid (leg. -árgaid), Laws v 476.24 . 3 pl. atraegatar, Anecd. i 42.16 . Pass. pl. atrogessa, Anecd. i 42.18 .

Vn. aicde.

Used with 2 macc, naidm(m), 1 ráth as obj. in sense of invoking sureties or guarantees for the fulfilment of legal obligations: dlega[i]r do cach déorad dé saigid a nadma[e] amal ad-rogesta[e] ind `for every exile of God is obliged to invoke their suretyship as though he himself had been invoked for it', Ériu xvii 66 § 7 ( Laws iv 210.8) . ní i n-aiccditer fir nime ┐ soscéla[e] Crist, ib. adrogatsa macu id gialli, O'Curry 876 (H 3.18, p. 393a) `i.e. I bound pledges [binding myself] to thy service', Plummer MS. notes. fiach dleghar dim . . . ad-guidiu macu inna híc, Bürgschaft 17 § 53 . `aicdiu' ol in feichem dia ndligther I give a guarantee, 15 § 51 . cadet tri gnima nadma? . . . imc[h]oimet neic[h] a n-aicdither, 13 § 43 . at-guidh in feichem ara-téit nadmen hi slan i.e. the debtor (on whose behalf the surety acts) invokes suretyship as a guarantee of compensation, 26 § 74 . aicc macu i n-ogslan co n-oghicc in[n]a raithe so furnish guarantees for complete compensation . . . of this surety, ib. atait tri nadmanda la feine nad roithead ní a n-aicaidter, Laws iv 56.26 . nit nadmanna na ratha adguidter ina dilsi, O'Curry 1767 (RIA 23 Q 6, p. 36b). atait secht nadmand segta ce ni argesatar . . ., Laws v 366.1 . lethnadmann . . . nadmann són ad-guiter dond ala leth ┐ ni aicditer dind leith eli i.e. suretyships which are invoked by one side but not by the other, ZCP xiii 22.16 , Bürgschaft 10 § 27 , ZCP xv 366.11 . lethslan fir (leg. fair?, ed.) .i. lethslan forsan mbidba[i]d, a lleth n-aill forsan flaith ad-guid in giall, Bürgschaft 77.26 . flaith atnuguid (leg. at-nguid, Bürgschaft 77 ), Laws ii 136.22 Comm. saigid feich a naicditar o mnai i.e. claiming a debt for which he has been invoked as surety, Laws v 308.18 . im coimet neich a naicdicher ar na tormastar ni fair, O'Curry 58 (H 3.18, p. 21a). is tar folta adguidet armaic friu, 803 (H 3.18 p. 372a). aic maccu dó samlaid 'appoint sureties for it thus', Cáin Ónae 38 § 2 . ? ben adguid aitire De no duine i fomatu a cuirp (of a woman for whose violation a man is not fined), Laws v 272.8 ( O'Dav. 913 ) (`eine Frau, die die `aitire' Gottes (eines Geistlichen) oder eines Menschen erbittet unter Darbietung ihres Leibes', Bürgschaft 73 ). ? nocu naicim imm[f]oichid air imma scuicthib acht maine tistar fo dochor chunnartha, O'D. 2330 (Rawl. B 506 fo. 35c). adguiter fír hOengasa (leg. nO.) . . . fris ┐ fir flatha na nDéisi `the pledge of O. and of the princes of the Déisi is requested as a guarantee for it', Ériu iii 140.170 . adraeghaid . . . Bran . . . ratha i n-ogh na saire seo, atraegatar na flaithi olchena airriu fadeisne . . . it é na ratha atrogesa sunn, Anecd. i 42.15 . conidh and do dechaidh Osraighi i n-dilsi fri leth Cuinn ┐ adrogaidh Maelgualai ri Muman a dilsi, AU i 368.18 `it was there that O. was alienated to Leth Cuinn, (i.e. came into direct dependence on the king of Tara), and Mael Gualai king of Munster warranted this alienation (i.e. pledged himself to renounce all claims to overlordship)', Binchy PICCS I p. 130 (1962). imroraid ni bad shairiu ara n-aiciste a chumachta that his power should be invoked, Ériu ii 106 § 16 . Note also: duli Dé adroegaid raith / tucsat dal bais forsin rig which he invoked as sureties(?), LU 9810 .

adlaic

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adlaic or dil.ie/479

 

Forms: ad(a)ilc, a(i)l(l)ic, álic

adj i. Also ad(a)ilc, a(i)l(l)ic, álic. desirable, agreeable; needful: tuä intan bas n-a.¤ `silence when it is necessary', Ériu ii 64 § 4 . gach aidhme ba hadhailg ind eallma las an luing everything that was necessary, Hugh Roe 6.13 (fo. 1b) . buí idh . . . fri a tarraing chuca . . . an tan badh adhlaic, AFM vi 1898.6 . In attrib. use: a dlighedh adhluig, Laws i 254.20 Comm. (etymol. gloss on adilce. Cf. a dliged aidalic glossing aidilgne, iii 40.28, 42.12 Comm. ). ollamuin aidilge, O'D. 2215 (Nero A vii 148a) = ollamuin aidhilgne, ib. traighlethan adluigh dealbh[dh]a / Rathbuidhe tuir thrénTemhra, Geneal. Tracts i 17.9 . In phrases is a.¤ DO, LA: cid is ailicc dúib húam `what do ye desire from me?', Ériu iv 140.5 . robo a.¤ dó a aithi do P. aní dorigne fria fer comtha, Trip.² 541 . sec[h]ip rēt bas maith lasin filid ┐ bas a.¤ dó d'foillsiugad, Corm. Y 756 . ( bud á.¤ , Corm. 25.27 ). Fand ic dul la Manannán mac Lir ar nocorb álic duitsiu hí because she is not pleasing to you, LU 4020 ( SCC § 47 ). masat seoit rig . . . ad (adat, ata, v.ll.) adhailge (aidilci v.l.) daib, Anecd. ii 53.3 . nach nī is a.¤ ┐ is laind la duine, Corm. Y 1201 . masa a.¤ lib chena, LU 1566 . déna . . . amal as a.¤ let fessin, 8831 ( FB § 62 ).

Compar. alcu dún (ba cora duinne v.l.) fuligud ┐ fordergad for nech we prefer, LL 8073 (TBC). áillcge dit inda midól / . . . / tú it luing . . ., Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912 xxv 439 § 9 ( LL 369 marg. inf. ). bes ailciu arailiu, Laws iii 42.12 Comm.

n As subst. desire, necessity; necessary thing: donrimmart gorta . . . / . . . / fri ar n-a.¤ uaig . . . to supply all our need, SR 3487 . dénad a.¤ (adoilcc v.l.) cech lobair `the need of every sick person` (rule for religious life), Ériu iii 96 § 2 . nícon ticfa ri moín no a.¤ . . . in sét connegar and (nicontarrtar fri main na torad(h) na a.¤ v.l.) by wish or desire, TBFr. 308 . aire ard oll airbrech ernes cach nolla.¤ / do buidnib balc Banba who grantest every large desire, Bruchst. i 24.7 ( IT iii 57.5 ). adhailg (aid(a)ilc v.ll.) fir urgnama .i. coire i.e. a cauldron is a necessity for a man who prepares food, Anecd.. ii 52.8 . ic imluadh a n-adhelge . . . ┐ a n-arm catha moving what was necessary for them, CCath. 4644 . a ffurtain do bhiúdh ┐ da gach naidhilcc aca, AFM v 1496.10 . = adhailcce, 1550.11 . ?róimh aoibhinn ar n-adhlaicne (: aicme), Studies 1920, 566 § 4 (perh. form of adailcne, see aidilccne). adhailg .i. mian, O'Cl. aidilg .i. mian .i. dliged, O'Curry 1970 (H. 4. 22, p. 15). = aidilg .i. main dligid, 569 (H 3.18, 284). In pejorative sense, demand(?), improper desire(?): con innisenn dó cen len / adlaice macc n-Israhél, SR 4608 = adlaice ┐ indliged mac nI., LB 122a36 . adlaici ┐ eccora inndligeda mac nI., BB 243a10 . ní hadlicgi álsidi / a ḟasnís do ócaib Ulad (ni hadlaic ailseda, St.) it is not a necessity of shame(?), TBC-LL¹ 4768 ( LL 11488 ).

ad-midethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-midethar or dil.ie/500

 

Forms: atamidiur, admidethar, aimmded, -aimdetar, admestar, at-ot-miastar, adruimiduir, admidir, admidair, adromadair, adromas, ammus

v (* ad-mid-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 578 ) Indic. pres. 1 s. atamidiur, ZCP xi 88 § 54 . 3 s. admidethar, Thes. ii 253.15 (Stowe Missal). Ipv. 3 s. aimmded gl. innitatur, Thes. ii 20.37 . 3 pl. -aimdetar gl. conantur Ml. 56a23 . Subj. pres. 3 s. admestar, ZCP xi 85 § 39 etc. Fut. 3 s. at-ot-miastar, Fianaig. 36.19 . Pret. and perf. 2 s. adruimiduir (sic leg.), RC iii 344.14 . 3 s. admidir, Laws i 72.14 = admidair, Ériu xvi 38 § 6 . adromadair, IT iii 190.4 . Pass. sg. adromas .i. do damnad, O'Curry 1489 ( H 3.18, 664a ), Stowe Gl. 9 = adrodmas, Lec. Gl. 29 .

Vn. ammus.

See also aimsid, aimsigid.

(a) aims at, essays: int ammus admidethar a combach `the effort which he essays to break it', Thes. ii 253.15 (Stowe Missal). adromadair a marbad, IT iii 190.4 . admidair Fergus fobairt Locha Rudraighe `F. essayed to pass under Loch R.', Ériu xvi 38 § 6 (= Laws i 72.14 ). adrumidir . . . in mac cloich dib conidappath, ZCP iii 244.12 . mo thipran i Collamair / ní cách atarodamair (atarommadair v.l.), Auraic. 5110 . ad-mestar dar midríana ad-mor-chlotha miditer he should esteem them as floods of mead through which one aims at great fame, ZCP xi 80 § 3 . admidhiur-sa rīgh i cath ria Conchobur I attack a king, ZCP v 503.11 = LU 10629 = admaidher for rig a cath ria C., IT i 141.21 .

(b) evaluates, estimates: ad-mestar asa toirthib talmain, ZCP xi 94 § 33 . ad-mestar cert ┐ coir . . . cacha flatha fíre fria huile aicillne is to be reckoned according to the number of all his clients, 95 § 51 . adruimiduir (sic leg.) mo galur form thou hast diagnosed my disease(?), RC iii 344.14 , cf. Aisl. Óeng. p. 46 . admiudur de secht cactu `I adjudge therefor seven bondmaids' (judgment of Sencha), Corm. Bodl. 16 (s.v. mann).

2 adrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 adrad or dil.ie/534
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: adartha

g s. adartha. Vn. of 2 adraid, act of adhering to, following: fri foglaim écnai imláin / 'co a.¤, . . . / rohuc hed do cach ardríg he surpassed all kings in pursuing wisdom (of Solomon), SR 7039 . maith in talman . . . / 'ga adrad as truag mar tad, ACL iii. 237 § 31 . me úaim gan (leg. 'ga n-) adhradh a fad / sluaigh na talman o tanag, Prolegomena 44 § 12 . airrdena na n-athardha . . . d'fír-adhradh, MR 150.13 . a aés cumachta ┐ a lucht adartha his followers, LU 8401 ( FB 28 ). adhradh ceall frequenting, Dán Dé xxvii 31 . a.¤ lītha going by omnes, Hail Brigit 14 § 14 . adhradh a bhfóid díobh do dhligh | ar marbhadh ríogh fhóid Oiligh 'they should have stood their ground when the king of the land of Ailech was slain', Giolla Brighde 42 § 11 . fearr suth na talmhan tréigthir / 's is guth adhradh d'fhuairshléibhtibh, DDána 74.13 . a n-ógbaid ag adhrad ar a n-áille dá n-órarmaib `keeping to their gilded weapons because of their beauty,' Caithr. Thoirdh. 40.7 . tabhair a.¤ an iúil dó / a sdiúir m'anman . . ., A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvii 3 . neamhadhradh do reacht an ríogh, DDána 3.6 . ó taoi-se ag adhradh don tsíoth, / . . . / badh lugha id chogadh ar suim, Content. xxvii 3 . With other prepositions: gan adrud re testaib no re antestaib, Cóic Con. 40 § 58 . ro aghair in Coimdídh o uirisle ┐ nir caemclai adradh inte, BB 492b7 . tic . . . muinter Irua[i]th na n-a.¤ following them (i.e. Mary and the Saviour?), ACL iii 245 § 29 . aos dána an talmhan n-a thaigh / na dámha ag adhradh n-a fhail, Magauran 164 . Cf. 1 adairt.

ad-rími

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-rími or dil.ie/550

 

Forms: adrímiu, -airmim, -airmiu, adrimi, -airmi, adrimi, atarimi, atrim[i], adindrími, -áirmi, -ármi, adrimet, atarimet, adrimther, adrimter, adrímter, adrimiter, adrimetar, -ármidhter, -áirimh, adrimtis, atarímtis, -arim, adríme, adrimet, adrimther, -árimther, adrímed, -airmed, -airmitis, adrimfem, adrímfiter, adrímfetar, adrímfinn, atarurmius, adruirim, -arraim, barruim, adruirmisset, a-ta-ruirmiset, adruirmed, aírmithi, áram, áirmid

v (* ad-rím-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 602 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. adrímiu, LU 9323 . -airmim, Sg. 205a2 . -airmiu, Thes. ii 338.2 . 2 s. adrimi siu, Ml. 24b6 . -airmi, LU 10269 . 3 s. adrimi som, Wb. 14d2 ; Ml. 24a13 . atarimi, 111c17 . atrim[i], 49a11 . adindrími, -áirmi, Wb. 13d17 . -ármi, 6a1 . 3 pl. adrimet, Ml. 129d19, 22 . atarimet, Sg. 26b6 . Pass. sg. adrimther, Ml. 46d24 . Thes. ii 246.26 . Pl. adrimter, Ml. 99d9 . adrímter, Sg. 202a5 . adrimiter, Thes. ii 246.28 . adrimetar, Ml. 111a10 . -ármidhter, TTr.² 193 . Ipv. 2 s. -áirimh, Ériu ix 177 § 7 . Indic. impf. 3 pl. adrimtis, Ml. 91a6 . atarímtis, Sg. 188a3 . Subj. pres. 1 s. -arim, Wb. 14d17 . 2 s. adríme, Thes. ii 28.32 . 3 pl. adrimet, Ml. 103b5 . Pass. sg. adrimther, Thes. ii 10.6 . -árimther, Críth G. 2 . Subj. impf. 3 s. adrímed, Ml. 21a4 . Sg. 69a5 . -airmed, Ml. 46b31 . 3 pl. -airmitis, Trip.² 1885 . Fut. 1 pl. adrimfem, Ml. 14d5 . Pass. pl. adrímfiter, Sg. 153b1 . adrímfetar, Thes. ii 229.30 . Condit. 1 s. adrímfinn, Trip.² 2107 . Pret. and perf. 1 s. atarurmius, Hib. Min. 3. 383 . 3 s. adruirim, Ml. 28d5 . -arraim, 49c9 . barruim, TBC-LL¹ 4761 . 3 pl. adruirmisset, Ml. 101b2 . a-ta-ruirmiset, Sg. 188a1 . Pass. sg. adruirmed, Wb. 2d7 . Part. of necess. aírmithi, Wb. 8c13 . See áirmide. Vn. áram. Later as simple vb. áirmid. IGT Verbs § 68 .

I

(a) counts, numbers, computes: amal as ndliged fir bís i n-arim do neuch atarimi `to one that counts them', Ml. 111c17 . ar mad iar n-aicniud adrimther, Thes. ii 10.6 (Bcr).— atairim-si, ol si. Atairimi iarom — count them . . . he counts them, Irish Texts i 3 § 9 . rimfed rind . . . .i. no airmebad rétglanna nime, ACC § 64 ( RC xx 258 ). tuccait . . . a murthréta mucc a fedaib . . . ro rímit ┐ ra hármit, TBC-LL¹ 76 . ada usce nosbera . . . for nim atrímther a laug, LB 228 marg. sup. og iarraid co nairmither fri re `full price of fosterage is reckoned by the time', Laws ii 174.19 . iss é dédenach roarmed it was the last that was numbered, BColm. 92.21 . noco n-airimther ganim mara ni hairemthar ar marbad do macaib ríg, RC xviii 173.12 . co-n-airmestur gainemh mara, RC xxiv 381.4 . do áirmhius noí fichit scíath, ZCP viii 223.1 .

(b) In more general sense of records, recounts, mentions: in gnímai adrimter hi libur iudicum , Ml. 99d9 . nī rurīmiu nī āirmiu / a ndorigēnai ind nóebdūil `I cannot reckon, I count not what the holy creature hath done', Thes. ii 338.2 (Hy. v). co n-árimther inna grá[d] téchtu that he may be reckoned in his proper grade, Críth G. 2 . in tan nach a ngradaib flatha airimter na riga sin, Laws v 24.z Comm. cech martir adrímem, Fél. July 17. Ep. 87 . roairmiustar (roairmestar v.l.) D. douibhsium a n-anmanna, Anecd. ii 55 § 17 . ni roarmide hicond rig Leue no Beniemin it has not been told that L. or B. were with the king, Rawl. 79a7 . atrímead filid na n-G. comtís . . ., Alex. 249 . airem daib seanchassai . . . bar múinntire relate to them, Alex. 191 . ní ruirmiu, ní airémha . . . / a tainic de ancessaib Eireann . . ., AFM ii 600.17 . ni aireomamaid a cogtha, L. Chl. S. § 37 . a ccreacha . . . ni hairimter hi leabraibh, Cog. 38.21 . d'eis ar áirmemar / ar M. in addition to all we have recounted of M., BNnÉ 223.11 . ar áirmhis oruibh d'eachtaibh / do shíol E. `as for the deeds you have told of the race of E.' Content. iv 18 .

(c) takes into account: ni armim-sea ón I take no account of that, TBC-LL¹ 5085 . cona hairmithea bunad eitir `original ownership is not reckoned (i.e. taken into consideration) at all ', Laws ii 370.3 Comm. nír airmedar na h-esbada sin o ranic an Maél Flidaise leó they did not count (i.e. they made light of) these losses since they had the M.F., Celt. Rev. iv 206.31 . díanam airmitis-[s]e mu bráthair oc raind a feraind if my brothers should take me into consideration in the dividing of his land, Trip.² 1885 . mad t'árim . . . bail i m-biat dagláich . . . nít ármem itir ┐ nít imradem, TBC-LL¹ 1853 .

(d) counts as, regards as; considers to be: is samlid atrim[i]som in forcomet sin amal bid coscrad dognethe do `it is thus he reckons that protection as though it had been destroyed', Ml. 49a11 . bāeth, buide . . . macne Ailb (nailb v.l.) āirmi (airmighther v.l.), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 13 § 1 `thou reckonest the sons of A.,' Ériu xii 201 . ise an Toirrdelbach sin as mó airmhid Conallaig orra do brisedh catha Chnuic an Bodha `it is to this T. that the C. give the most credit on their own side for winning the battle. . .' L. Chl. S. § 56 .

(e) searches out, investigates: adrimisiu gl. rimeris, Ml. 24b6 . adrimi son gl. adpendit examine, 24a13 .

II In idioms with prepp.

(a) ascribes, assigns to (DO): a nadruirmed do Abracham .i. fírinne tri híris `what has been counted unto A. even righteousness through faith', Wb. 2d7 . is secht ṅdana airegda airmither do'n Spirut noem `seven excellent gifts are assigned to the Holy Ghost', PH 8029 . ní armither . . pian . . . dona anmannaib, the souls are not considered to suffer pain LU 2120 ( FA 18 ).

(b) counts as (AR): ni áirmi som ón ar chumscugud `he does not count that as change', Wb. 13d17 . ní nairmi ar bethaid etir `he reckons it not as life at all ', Ml. 82a8 . combad ar gair aicnid adrímed in suidiguth `so he would reckon the position for shortness of nature', Sg. 69a5 . as ar chenél cruche adrímther in coicsath `fellow-suffering is counted as a kind of cross', Thes. ii 246.26 . adrímfinn ar nempní i condiulcc in maithiusa tarfas dam, Trip.² 2107 . Hence a.¤ ar x do y counts as x on the part of y: adrimtis-som ar aithissib dunni buith fut recht su `they used to count as reproaches to us', Ml. 91a6 . dorolaig in peccad ┐ ni narraim ar chaire do, 49c9 . fis timnae ndæ . . . is ar sainemli adrimther to neuch rudfinnadar `knowledge of the commandments of God is reckoned as excellence to him that knows it', 46c24 . iss ed sin armither ar adnacul dóib for that is regarded as their burial place, LU 2533 . is ar martrai atrimther dó `it is reckoned to him as martyrdom', Mon. Tall. 146.19 . atait tri cuir tindtai mac beo-athar im a athair nach airmead (= áirmet) liubair na Feine do ar ingaire a tindtog, Laws v 436.23 . ar ní armide ar laechdacht duit-siu comrac frim-sa sund it would not be reckoned as bravery for you, LL 14137 .

(c) considers as, places in the same category as (LA and ETER): participia .i. ataruirmiset la gerind `participles i.e. they have reckoned them with the gerund', Sg. 188a1 . is la noeb scriphinna atarurmius I have included them among the sacred writings, Hib. Min. 3.83 . cid nácham airmisiu . . . lais na trén-firu sin . . . cid dam nachat airmébaind etorro? why dost thou not reckon me among those strong men . . . why should I not reckon thee among them? LU 10269 . uair airemthar do-sum itir deib é da eis `he shall be numbered among the gods', TTebe 2187 . do bhríogh go n-áirmheann an eaglais idir na hoibreachaibh trócaire . . . é, TSh. 5624 . With AR: áirmid eólaig ar mnāib āill[e] a haimsire ī the knowledgable consider her as one of the beautiful women of her time, ML² 485 .

(d) a.¤ x for (ar) y reckons x against y, blames y for x: ba treissi . . . don aithrighe . . . inas dona holcaibh ro áirmittis deamuin form which the devils reckoned up against me, RC xxvi 372.7 . nā hāirimh ar Chorc na cclīar / gē do-bheradh toir is tīar do not blame C., Ériu ix 177 § 7 . oramsa do hairmhedh riamh / a n-dernsabair . . . / daibh fein áirmeocthar anois, Caithr. CC § 60 . With FRI: nicon airmi fri nech cia ba menic thi does not count it against a person, Laws v 76.11 .

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