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2 abra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 abra or dil.ie/78

 

ind a.¤ .i. dorcha, O'Dav. 27 glossing con-cleith egna in abhraib iomhuis, Ériu xiii 40.1 . amhra .i. dorcha, O'Cl. Cf. abar-.

amrae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amrae or dil.ie/3201

 

Forms: ambra, amhra, ánradh, aimhre

adj I io, iā. ambra: cadla, LL 4891 . amhra : ánradh, O'R. Poems 3152 (see notes); : anma, DDána 13.5 . aimhre: hAilbhe, AFM i 174.5 . See Ó Máille, Ériu x 158 . wonderful, marvellous, extraordinary: a.¤ ō uerbo ammiror .i. adamraigim, O'Mulc. 40 . Freq. glossed by maith: amra .i. maith nó mirbail nó imat nó iṅgnad, Lec. Gl. 88 . ateoch ríg n-amra n-aiṅgel (.i. maith no mirabilis), Thes. ii 350.14 . amra .i. bona, 328.31 . Also Ériu xiii 63 § 25 ( .i. fír, 64 § 41 ), O'Cl. Hence of advice: comarli amra, MU² 183 . Dánfhocail 230 . Of a person: in mac a.¤ airdirc, Trip.² 2670 . bid amre in mac, LU 10919 . fri clainn n-amrai n-Israhél, SR 4186 . abb Irarda a.¤ , Fél. Feb. 8 . á rí úasail amri, Ep. 462. la cét martir ṅa.¤ , July 4 . maccáem . . . amra alaind tu, TBC-LL¹ 1851 . ba fhaidh amra `wondrous prophet', RC xxiv 194.4 . Of a place: airecol a.¤ , LU 11023 . suid[igud] ard a.¤ / tige túathaic[h] Temra, ZCP viii 108.10 . Of things: fertae amrai ili many wonderful miracles, Fél. Ep. 175 . mind amra, Cog. 30.16 . is amre lim rad ṅdé lib I am pleased, Wb. 7d3 . amre liumsa, 14a34 . Equative: coich boi . . . badid [n]amradair (amridir, amrathir, adamruigter, v.l.) .i. bad comhuasal fri C., ACC 65 ( RC xx 260 ). badad namhradhar, Blathm. 740 . nī tharla celtair talmain / dar dúil badit n-amraither (sic leg., GOI § 368 ; -rathor MS) `anything so marvellous', Fianaig. 14 § 31 . Compar. ní fil i n-Ére óclaig bas amru, LU 4861 (TBC). amru feraib, 3641 ( SCC 31 ). ní bu amru ro-cloth dó something (even) more extraordinary was heard of him, MU² 940 `not more to his glory was it heard of him', Gloss. mad amru imres slega, Ériu iv 98 § 26 . Superl. ri side as amram tic Erind, YBL 136a18 . can assa iarthur . . . ass amram forcan a gial[l]aigecht ? Ériu iv 162 § 24 .

As subst. wonderful person: is int a.¤ Ithidún, SR 4192 . i cath Charmain cetaib cend / i mbatar amrai Herend, LL 2283 . dia n-amraib `of their famous men', Metr. Dinds. iv 98.93 .

II Subst. io, [n.]

(a) a wonderful thing, wonder, marvel: imforlinged mór namri de gl. a great wonder has resulted therefrom, Wb. 15d21 . mór namri, 13a33 . dind amru durigeni dia erib, Ml. 67b17 . már ní son .i. di amru, 17a10 . boí már de amru inna flaith many wonders, LU 10115 . tri ha.¤ Glinne Dalláin . . . tri ha.¤ Connacht, Triads 236 - 237 . samlai / . . . do maic amhrai (= macamrai), Blathm. 26 (see note). Common with follg. gen. indicating what is wonderful e.g. amra tíre a wonderful country, IT i 133.2 . ba a.¤ retha `a wondrous course', Thes. ii 311.1 ( Hy. ii ). a.¤ maitne wonderful morning (of a battle), TBC-LL¹ 4973 . a.¤ (n-)a.¤ used as an exclamation: a.¤ n-a.¤ ol in slúag wonder of wonders, BDD² 165 . tucaid mo shéotu damsa . . . a.¤! a.¤! ol cách, TBFr. 290 . a.¤ bríg (bríge) used ironically: amra brīgi soin . . . acht ropom airdricse that is of little account provided I become famous, TBC-I¹ 571 . amra bríg can co rabur acht oen lá ┐ oen adaig ar bith, TBC-LL¹ 1111 . Perhaps in literal sense: amra brígaib, bág n-uide / sám fri sídaib sám-chuire a great wonder, a traveller's tale, Metr. Dinds. iii 224.15 .

(b) miracle: Brigtæ ba hóen a amra, Thes. ii 338.5 (Hy. v) .i. do ḟertaib Brigte, z. ba mó amru arailiu / din chloich dorigne saland, 338.1 (ib.). amhra .i. firt, Ériu xiii 79 § 252 .

(c) vision: amhra .i. aisling, O'Cl. ni chreiti[r]-sium físi na hamra na haislingi, TTebe 622 . lá dár chodailsion . . . dochí amhra , Arch. Hib. i 83 § ii . spirut a ffidhair amra ┐ aislinge, Fl. Earls 192.24 . amhra do chailg mo chridhe, / mairg re dtarla ar dtaidhbhse-ne, Dánta Gr. 44.3 . an tusa an bhean do bhí sunn / aréir tre amhra agum?, TD 40.1 .

(d) eulogy. In titles of poems etc.: A.¤ Choluimb Chille, RC xx 30 . A.¤ Chonrói, Ériu ii 1 . A.¤ Senáin, ZCP iii 222 , etc. Note also: in t-ámrad Senāin, ZCP iii 225.3 . sreath . . . rann d'am[h]ruibh ionáonaigh `of eulogistic quatrains fit for an assembly', Ériu ix 163 § 5 . `As these poems were used as `path protections' ( V. SS. Hib. i clxxix ) a.¤ comes to have the meaning charm, cf. Hyde, Abhráin diadha i 353 ', Plummer MS notes. See 2 amrath.

anád

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anád or dil.ie/3266

 

n (ád) ill-luck, misfortune: anágh cinnte dhá chine, KMMisc. 248 § 8 . truag an tanágh, BNnÉ 241 n.4 (an tanshodh, text). mo selb uile cen a.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 62.109 . na trí hanágha . . . do bhí . . . a ndiaigh na croiche, mar atá mallacht, leimhe ┐ bruid, Eochairsg. 34.4 . U. amhra gan anágh, Irish Texts iv 58.23 .

1 ar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ar or dil.ie/3902

 

Forms: ar, air, er, eir, air, er, ar, arin,, airind, air, airnaib, armo, aire, aratobarr, arandéntar, arambiat, ara, armbad, ara, arindepur, aridlabrathar, arna, áirium, erum, erumm, erom, erut, ærut, airiut, airut, airiut, aurut, airiu, airi, airi, erre, airri, airre, airthe, erunn, erund, erond, airiund, airriun, airund, airib, airibsi, airiubsi, airiuibsi, eruibsi, erru, erriu, erro, airriu, airiu, erthu, airthiu, airtho, airib, airaib, or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre, orainn, oirinn, oraib, orru, orrtha

prep., leniting, with accus. and dat. See GOI § 823 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 150 , Frazer, ZCP viii 5 , Williams, Celtica ii 305 ; IGT Introd. § 130 .

Usually spelt ar. air, Ml. 51c2 , 2d2 ; er, 122a16 , BB 449a10 ; eir, Ériu iv 180 § 39 . The spellings air, er, etc. (more freq. in later lang.) and the modern pronunciation show that O. Ir. ar as simple prep.was replaced by a conflation of airi and fo(i)r (3 s. n. of 1 ar and 1 for).

In Mid. Ir. 1 for and 1 íar are frequently spelt ar. See III, IV below and the articles on these words.

With article arin, -int, -a, etc. Note also airind, Ml. 31b17 , air ind, 53a15 . arndi (= arindí), Ériu vii 138.4 . airnaib, Ml. 110d9 .

With poss. armo (m'), -do (t'), -a, -ar, -far (-bar) etc. Note also ar mh'éigse, Content. ix 26 . aire slicht, L. Chl. S. 2 .

With rel. part. ara: aratobarr, Wb. 12d29 . arandéntar, 2a10 . cid arambiat , Ml. 56b9 . ara n-eperr, Críth G. 1 . With copula: cid armbad , Wb. 11a19 . cidar impotabis, Ml. 56a13 . cid arnabu son, ib. ardott áigthe, LU 5656 = arṅdotāigi, TBC-I¹ 1178 (taking áigthi as vbl. of necess.). ara trēn, ACL iii 239 § 32 . ara n-amra, ZCP vii 312 § 26 . Before inf. pron. arindepur, Wb. 5a31 . aridlabrathar, 7d2 . With neg. arna airecht, Sg. 198b3 . arnach faca, ZCP xiii 169.13 .

With pron. suff. Early forms. 1 s. áirium, Wb. 7a12 . erum, LL 286a25 . erumm, PH 1397 . erom, 1503 . 2 s. erut, Wb. 27d19 , 29d7 , YBL 326b42 , PH 6565 . ærut, Ml. 2d8 . airiut, Blathm. 569 , LL 289b30 . airut, LU 8086 . GOI § 437 also gives airiut, aurut without reff. as `old forms which occur only in later sources' ( p. 272 ). 3 s. m. and n. GOI § 437 gives airiu as the dat. form (cf. airiu, O'Dav. 22 ?), airi as the accus. airi is the usual form passim in the early language. Cf. áiri, Wb. 11b21 . f. (accus. and dat. not distinguished) erre, Irish Texts i 3 § 8 (sic MS. See Ir. Hist. Stud. i 347 ). airri, SR 405 (emended to airre, GOI § 437 ). airthe, LL 286a7 . 1 pl. erunn, Wb. 15d13 , Ériu ii 124 § 65 . erund, LU 597 . erond, 588 . airiund, TBC-I¹ 170 . airriun, ZCP xi 110 § 26 . airund, LU 593 . 2 pl. airib, Wb. 20a3 , 22d25 , 27c19 , Metr. Dinds. iv 232.33 . airibsi, Wb. 14d25 , a33 , 16a26 . airiubsi, 15c1 , 17a5 . airiuibsi, 16c23 . eruibsi, 27d7 . Ml. 2a11 . 3 pl. acc. erru, Wb. 4d20 , 11a29 ; ZCP ii 315.26 . erriu, Wb. 9c8 , 11a20 . erro, LL 289b30 . airriu, Wb. 15a23 , 21d11 , O'Dav. 985 . airiu, Wb. 11d11 , Laws iv 176.7 . erthu, LL 280a1 . RC viii 154 § 5 . airthiu, LU 4915 . ZCP viii 310.22 . airtho, TBC-I¹ 409 . dat. airib, Laws iv 162.2 . airaib, 114.21 Comm.

In later lang. all pronominal forms influenced by those of for, giving or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre (uirthe), orainn (oirn. oirinn, O'Gr. Cat. 556.25 ), oraib ( oirb, BColm. 100.3 ), orru (orra, orrtha), etc.

The presumed distinction between ar with accus. when motion is implied and with dat. when no motion is implied ( Zeuss 622 ; with reservations Vendryes Gramm. § 283 ; see also Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 73 - 74 , Williams loc. cit.) appears most clearly in the stereotyped phrases ar chenn towards, ar chiunn ahead of, before (see 1 cenn): ar beolu towards, ar bélaib before, in front of (see bél). The dat. is usual in ar cach láu daily (see ) and in ar thosuch ( Sg. 203a7 , see tosach). Usage is less clear outside fixed phrases, and that of the various collections of O. Ir. glosses differs (the available material is also much reduced by the frequent identity of form of a s. and d s. of nouns). The accus. is regular in Wb. in senses of taking away from and counting as , and also in glosses on Lat. ob, the dat. where the meaning is with regard to, instead of and in glosses on Lat. super. Both cases are found where the meaning is for the sake of, because of . In Ml. accus. is constant only in set phrases. The dat. is usual in meaning counts as , do-beir ar (for?) calls and in glosses on Lat. dat. without preposition (ar gentib gl. gentibus, 78a12 , 89c2 ) and where a Lat. compd. noun is treated as two words (arintinmlegun gl. promulgatione, 71c18 ). In general use the meanings saving from, instead of, in meaning of, in return for, on account of, because of, for the sake of, for the purpose of are all found both with accus. and dat. In Sg. the meanings instead of and on account of are found with both cases. See also IGT Introd. § 130 , Bard. Synt. Tr. 2 - 4 , 17 , 20 (where detailed rules are given for accus. and dat. both with simple ar and for compd. preps. such as ar aghaidh, etc.).

I

(a) Much less freq. in concrete or physical meanings than in more abstract ones. Perh. before, in front of in (case of follg. noun not certain): dá [n]dorus [n-]and, comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu (-e, MS.) `in front of' (Gloss.), Críth G. 100 . ar Tuatha Dé Danann `before the T.D.D.', Ériu xii 152 § 15 (TE). cethridoruis airri (recte airre) im-mach, SR 405 . ó beit fíanna fer nÉrenn ┐ Alban do Chonaire ar thig, BDD² 1416 . Cf. 1081 , 1400 , 1492 . ? airiu . . . iarmo in front of it . . . behind it(?), O'Dav. 22 . Cf. airber .i. frit anair bere .i. eter do dī lāim, ar is fort muin bere ere [n-]aile, Corm. Y 58 . Acc. to Binchy, SCano p. 33 , frequent in meaning east of, the only example cited being: acon loch ar Mag Aí `by the lake east of Mag Aí', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 § 2 (`on'). Cf. Airbri .i. fri Bri Eli anair, O'Mulc. 70 = Dinds. 16 ( RC xv 308 ). ? a nAicill ar Temair, Anecd. i 17.1 . Cf. perh. Síd ar Femin, LU 7846 ( BDD 140 ), etc. (or for al?). Perh. orig. with concrete force also in: do té(i)t aitire ar ḟer feras in fuil, Críth G. 52 `goes surety for', Gloss. Concrete meaning is perh. also to be assumed in the phrases agaid ar (late, orig. for?), ar agaid, ar amus, ar beolu, ar bélaib, bél ar bél, ar chenn, ar chiunn, ar dorus, ar dreich, ar fed, ar gnúis, ar leth, ar medón, ar ṡúil, ar thosuch, ar thús, ar úairib. See under the nouns concerned. With more abstract force in ar aí, ar apu (see 3 aí, 1 apa). Here may also be included: doire acummisc arúir `of their being mixed with mould', Wb. 13d3 . úachtar ar lemlacht dó mixed with, Críth G. 63 . loim midc do chumasc ar usciu `to mix a sip of whey with water', Mon. Tall. 143.25 . ba fial ṅdō buith arnaib ōcaib, cēin dogēni calma among, TBC-I¹ 1266 = LU 5739 . ? tiucfa in mac cētna ar bar cloind, ZCP viii 563 § 27 (for?). Perh. for for in: ó fó-certa a ṡrúb ar géscoe against a branch, BDD² 349 (= ar gésce, 355 ). conadh ar x. míli cathrach do shiublaighdis techta Magnuis Cam . . . ō maduin co fescor `to ten thousand cities', Marco P. 96 .

Rarely of time. See ariu before .

(b) In the follg. exx. the meaning is also more or less concr., though the precise meaning of the prep.is obscure, and it would be possible to consider them as early exx. of the replacing of for by ar (see III, and fo-ceird III): arnarala for cubus áiri, Wb. 11b21 (see note). Cf. focheird mo menma airi `my mind is set on him', Ériu ii 92 § 2 . ón lá tarrla ar n-airi air, iv 220.27 . torala dia archeill do degnimu su `let God bring to mind thy good deeds', Ml. 43b15 . iscor lame ardodced buith ocairbiathad sainte gl. nam qui volunt divites f[i]eri, incidunt in temptationem, Wb. 29b18 . ? Cf. ni comarleiced (.i. nir cetaig) dó cor lamha aire (.i. dul do sacarbhaic) cin foghlaim, Trip.² 243 . mabeidní dirúnaib dothéi armenmuin indfir, Wb. 13a12 . Note also: arnaib réib ilib gl. et qui ascendit super omnes caelos, 22a8 .

(c) In compd. numerals (with dat., see Celtica ii 312 ): a n-óen ar fichit (fichet, MS) the twenty-one, Ml. 2d2 . cóic míli ochtmugat ar chét one hundred and eighty five thousand, 34b17 . a ocht deac ar chét, BCr. 32d2 . deichinbair ar dib fichtib ar trib cétaib, Trip.² 3104 . secht cathae ar chetharchait / ar secht cétaib is huilliu, ZCP viii 313.34 . cōicer ar ceithri fichtib, 219.29 . fer ar sheisir seven men, Celt. Rev. x 348.23 . fri re tri n-aidhche ar mís, RC xviii 162.32 . Note also: tāinic buiden mōr . . . dōig lim is ar trichaid cēt inti approximately(?), TBC-I¹ 3142 (text perh. faulty).

II In a wide variety of abstract meanings for the most part deriving independently from those given under I.

(a) for, for the sake of, on behalf of, etc. (often gl. Lat. pro) (with accus. and dat. See Celtica ii 309 ): cia dudrigni dia mór di maith erriu, Wb. 11a20 . innahí dorigeni Día ar maccu Israhel, 30 . mirabilia dorígeni Dia ar maccaib Israhel, 28 . massu arinbethid . . . dagníu, 13c11 . mor ní as dénti ní airriu, 15a23 (in sense of mod. déanaim rud ar I obey, see Thes. Suppl. 51 ). niarséuti . . . robcarsi tíamthe, 23d4 . ar erchru gl. pro defectu, Ml. 31a4 . dusrigeni dia erru amal robu thol doib, 54a34 . fri assaru ar maccu israhel gl. rerum gestarum (testimonio), 94d2 . ara bǽsaib som .i. ar denum a thule gl. pro suis ritibus laborantes, 87b20 . a ndorigēnai in rí / do ḟertaib ar ṡanct Brigti, Thes. ii 332.4 (Hy. v). or ar Bran nailither, 286.34 (inscr.). lānamain . . . nī fil etarscarad dōib acht ar Dia, Corm. Y 824 . léicfider cach bean do mnáib airiut thou wilt be preferred to all other women, BDD² 59 . ar ghaol for the sake of relationship, Studies 1918, 99 § 15 . dorindedh mainistreacha ┐ sepeil le ar anmain Gyi `for the soul of G.' ZCP vi 90.11 . See also under meince, 1 pairt. Freq. in sense of (praying) for, see airnigde, guide, guidid, oráit.

(b) for the sake of, by in adjurations and invocations: dilig dam . . . / ar Maire n-amra n-Ingin, SR 7820 . ar do chumachtae . . . tesaircc dam-sa mo chūrcha, BColm. 54.3 . ar do thrīnōiteacht, a Thrīnōit, ACL iii 241 § 2 . ar t'fhírinni riutsa, na furáil etc. by thy honour, CCath. 1659 . ar na deib rib, TTebe 4025 . síol Ádhaimh . . . / ar do thocht díobh slánaigh sinn, Dán Dé ix 22 .

(c) on account of, because of (with accus. and dat. Glossing Latin ob, pro, propter): ar ar comoicsi do bás on account of, Wb. 14b25 . aracethardese gl. quam ob causam, 31b24 . ob mirationem .i. airinn adamrugud, Ml. 61a15 . ar chosmaili ind fochuinn diaragbtha gl. causae uicinitate, 35b24 . ar ét im chrabud gl. pro zelo religionis, 36d24 . arna lithu gl. propter cultús diuini festa, 47b2 . arna pecthu immefolngat guasacht do anmin gl. propter animae pericula, 7 . cid arnaibhisiu .i. arnaib hi forodamarsa gl. ob ista, 58d13 . ní ar pianaib do thabairt forru `not on account of the infliction of punishments upon them', 114b7 . ara foirbthetu fadesin, Wb. 6c19 . tocombaig a ṡlán ara ḟornert because of, Críth G. 415 . ar ṡóethaib because of grievances, 581 . ar ilar a imarbus, ZCP viii 104.7 . Corco Bāiscind ar a nert / nī damaid cert d'Eoganacht, v 500.16 .

With a variety of nouns in more or less stereotyped phrases: ar na h-ádhbharaibh sin for those reasons, ML 58.11 . ar[a] airmitin som through respect for him, Ériu iv 30.23 . ar t'ḟuath, i 97.32 . ni diles ni doberar ar uathbas `nothing is lawful which is given out of terror', Laws iv 286.25 . See also under áis, cairde, 1 cúis, 1 écndairc, éicen, ecla, 1 gart, midlachas, miscais, omun, sant, serc, úacht, etc.

Common with abstr. nouns from adjj. in the construction: nīr fētatar a tōcbāil ar a truma because of her weight = because she was so heavy, Anecd. iii 9.8 . ar dúire a drochdelba, Ériu iv 102.16 . ar ḟebus na cuidechtae because the company was so excellent, BColm. 78.18 . ar a laechdacht, ZCP viii 318.12 . ar cumga in puill nír féd dul amach, Ériu v 49.7 . in senadh ic á adhradh ar a uaisle, CCath. 334 . ar ghoire do ghaoil, Dán Dé xi 11 . Without poss. or gen.: cona tisa . . . in dam tarais ar airdi (a fence), Laws iv 76.19 Comm.

Freq. in advv.and conjj. in O. Ir. glosses. 3 s. n. as adv. on account of it, therefore: fristemlighter cid ind aier airi, Ml. 73c2 . ni bad pronomen airi, Sg. 203b2 . isairi doroigu dia geinti hore . . . this is why . . . because, Wb. 5b12 . is airi inso rogabad som hi rige, Ml. 14a4 . cinid airi doberr desimrecht acht ar atrebthach nand, Sg. 35b13 . With article and i: arindi gl. eo, Sg. 190a4 . ni arindí . . . sed quia not because . . . but because, 5a4 . arindisin gl. ei, Ml. 54c6 . arndi furumai sár for cach toil, Ériu vii 138.3 . With se: ní nád ṁbed arse di chorp gl. ideo, Wb. 12a22 . arse gl. ob hoc, Ml. 18d15 , gl. qua re, 29d1 . isarse gl. quo circa, Enchir. Aug. 70b , 81b ( ZCP vii 480 , 484 ). airechas ceneóil airsiu (leg. airsin? edd. airriu, Ped. MS Index to Wb. glosses) ní airechas fidei, Wb. 1b12 . Later: air sin on account of that, CCath. 2350 . Note also: ar a smuaintighib do beith . . . a mbeat[h]aidh an tigerna so that his thoughts might be in, etc., BCC § 5 (cf. ara).

(d) instead of, in place of, as substitute for, in meaning of (meaning confined to O. Ir. glosses. With dat., occas. with accus.): arnab geintib huilib taken as referring to all the Gentiles gl. Iudeos et Grecos omnes, Wb. 2a15 . foirbthe ar anfoirbthu gl. decem milia, a perfect (number) for an imperfect, 9a10 . corda .i. arin duiniu huli lesom gl. a parte totum, Ml. 53a2 . todochide ar sechmadachtae n-anfoirbthe gl. commotatio . . . temporum `future for imperfect', 62a16 . arnaib bolcaib gl. pro uesicis, 99a4 . fogur cechtar de ar alaliu ┐ fogur na liter naile airriusom, Sg. 4a8 . ni roscríbad ar naill (leg. ar na aill, edd.), 6b3 . a ṡuidigud ar anmmaimm dílius, 27a1 .

Often with as-beir, do-beir etc.: dobeir inso arnab uilib cumactib gl. supra omnem principatum et potestatem et uirtutem et dominationem, Wb. 21a13 . epert innan (MS. inna) aisndisen arnaib gnimaib gl. dicit autem non quia talia locuti sunt Scribae . . . sed quia talia fecerint, Ml. 16d3 . a ndurigni duaid in gnim sin in tengad do airbirt ar gnimaib in choirp, 31b24 . intan asmbersom pes ┐ manus nochis arnaib gnimaib són dungniat som honaib ballaib hisin atbeirsom, 56b3 . tri suidigud dosom inna cluas arin chorp huiliu, 60b16 . arnaib fedaib sonartaib ardaib gl. pro terribilibus arbustís cedros possuit, 146a6 .

The idiom ad-rími ar counts as (with accus. and dat.) is prob. to be assigned to this section: ní ármisom ar chumactte, Wb. 6a1 . cenid ar chomsuidigthib adrímther inna fortórmach so, Sg. 202a5 . See ad-rími. With LA: petra les arin trediusa sís he takes petra as standing for, Ml. 60a7 . in loc lesom híc arnaib aitrebthidib gl. a loco habitatores intellegite, 144c3 .

(e) in return for, in exchange for, as price of, in payment for, as equivalent of (with accus.): airitiu lóge ar mo precept in return for, Wb. 10d31 . rotbīa a lōg airi you shall have a reward for it, TBC-I¹ 585 . is lá cach(a) tíre do-tét dlega(i)r aire `is due for it', Ériu xvii 70.4 . Freq. do-beir lóg etc. ar: ainm indlóge doberr domiledaib armílte, Wb. 3c1 . intan dobera Dia fochraicci ar degnimu, Ml. 90c14 . screpul doberar do gilli . . . ar comaitecht do neuch o pecad `a groat that is given to a lad for accompanying someone in a sin', Mon. Tall. 143.9 . nī tibur-so in tinnscra sin(ee) cid ar Meidb C. feissin I wouldn't give a brideprice like that for M. herself, ZCP iv 39.7 (cf. TBFr. 185 ). ní conrogab terochraic . . . ar forbrissiud fir truaig `reward for oppressing a wretched man', Ml. 36a32 . ni riat na dánu diadi ara n-indeb domunde sell for, Wb. 28c2 . ríthæ . . . ar ech ndonn, Thes. ii 240.1 (Ardm.). tale damsa a log ar epert do firinne lat, Ml. 36a32 . síodh Dhé 'gá ceannach ar chrodh being bought for herds, Dán Dé xxvii 33 . With vbs. of leaving, abandoning: ni dérsid for sóiri ar fognam, Wb. 20b10 . roleicc creitim ar in paganacht he left the faith for paganism, Anecd. iii 72.28 . as uime do trēig Temraigh / ar Chend Maghair, ZCP viii 108.19 . Denoting preference: ragaid duit aire . . . rígi hÉrend in preference to him, BColm. 68.18 . do mholfuinn fear an leithléighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha ghlan . . . arfhear láinléighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha némhthromdha, Mac Aingil 4782 .

(f) for the purpose of, in order to obtain (as far as the exx. serve with accus. in Wb. and dat. in Ml. The exx. from Wb. given here, however, could equally be referred to the preceding section): precept arbiad in order to obtain food, Wb. 10d13 . madarlóg pridchasa, 23 . is arnach nindocbáil móir fodaimim se inso, 23b12 . asberat isar indeb isdénti tol dǽ, 29b12 . arind etarimdibiu (arindetar imdibiu, MS.) gl. pro interfectione aduersariorum, Ml. 36b23 . ar chuindriug pectho gl. instrumentum est divinae iustitiae `for the correction of sin', 49b7 . gabthe dunad les fris arinoillus for protection, 55c1 . asberar ar thormuch pectha for the purpose of increasing sin(?), 76a5 . bliadain lán dano do M. [┐] a muindtir uli for usciu ┐ bargin ar tuaslucud anmae B. `to obtain the release of the soul of B.,' Mon. Tall. 133.29 . serc fochraici ara n-as[c]nam, piana do imchaisiu ara n-imgabail in order to avoid them, Ériu vii 138.28 . is rimsa . . . rohérbad ar eisnéis it is to me it was entrusted for relating, iv 144.21 . annsa lebur tuc sé dóib ar choimét a ndligid feín `for keeping', Maund. 61 . Also perh. in phrase ar olc fri, see olc (because of?).

(g) by virtue of, by means of, through (dat.): condenad fingail ar chuinged soinmige do gl. mercari peccato securitatem, Ml. 39a6 . ? ar gressaib gal / glenaid luch inna línsam `by feats of valour', Thes. ii 293.20 . ni ar lín óc brister cath, Ériu ix 47 § 18 . ar neart a n-engnama by dint of their prowess, ML² 286 . gaibsit tír and ar chlaideb by the sword, ZCP viii 313.21 .

(h) In general sense of in respect of, with regard to, in the matter of, relating to, etc. (appar. with dat.) (the ascription of some exx. to this section is tentative): desmrecht insin ar aimsir deirb that is an example of, Sg. 66b17 , cf. exemplum ara airiuc far diull tanaisiu, 106b20 , exemplum inso ara rangabalda asrubart, 39a5 . annsom hi taurgillib tairgille ar bechaib, Laws iv 162.1 . rucus tairgilli ar bechaib `für Bienen ist ein `tairgille' . . . zu stellen', ZCP xv 319 § 12 . ? isam ómun ar a aisnéis I am afraid to relate it, LU 5349 . is fon samla-sin . . /gníth . . . a cét-chumma / Temrach . . . / ar áibnius in beauty, Metr. Dinds. i 10.64 . fear feadhma deas ar gach ndān in every art, ZCP viii 562 § 16 . bean as ghloine ar ghníomharthaibh `purest in deeds', A. Ó Dálaigh xv 15 . issí eisimplair Crist . . . do lenfadís ar míne ┐ ar buaine, ar deirc ┐ ar trocaire, Maund. 123 . ro derscnaigh d'ógaibh a chomaoisi ar goil ┐ gaisccedh, Leb. Gab.(i) 200.7 . Also in phr. ar chuit, see cuit. For do-beir teist ar see teist. See airbág.

Common in phr. of type: teine . . . ar thes crabaidh (of a person) a fire . . . in heat of piety = a paragon of piety, Anecd. iii 5.19 . Muridach, ba muir ar crūa[i]s, ZCP viii 299.34 . deochain ar grādaib ┐ sacart ar ūaisle a deacon in rank and a priest in reputation, BColm. 82. 15 - 16 . ba laech ar gaisced, RC xxiv 184.4 . a éan choluim ar cheannsa, Dán Dé i 19 . mar lile ar lí, Dánta Gr. 30.14 .

(i) about (of stories, books, reading, etc. In late exx. only. Perh. orig. for in this meaning): iomda ar Lasair ferta amhra many wonderful miracles (are said to have been performed) by L., Ériu v 90.4 . is mebair linn . . . / in seanchus fil ar Mag Ráin the lore about M., iv 156.18 . Leabhar Oiris ┐ An[n]ála ar Cogthaibh . . . Éireann, i 78 . craoibsgaoileadh ar chath Cluana Tairbh description of the battle of C., 16 n. léighmid ar Alexander n-uaibhrech, etc., Mac Aingil 872 . léan ba sgéal ar fianaibh Fáil, Magauran 2790 . Cf. sgriobhthar ortha go . . ., Ó Héodhusa 68.16 .

(j) With verbs of depriving, stealing, hiding, lacking, etc. from (accus. and dat.): tri airchellad donaib sommaib a n-anae airnaib bochtaib, Ml. 90a11 . is amne asruluús airi, Wb. 17d16 . a manaig do béim ar Lommān, BColm. 84.16 . ní bēram-ne t'áthius ort we shall not take thy victory from thee, 74.22 . ni cumscaichthi cumachtae nairi gl. hoc potestatem literae motare non debuit, Sg. 6a5 . ni fil nach díchlith airi, Wb. 1a4 . tesbanat boíll aíriu, 11d11 . in dá ṡét tesbanat airi, Críth G. 130 . ní gette na brithemnachta becca erriu you would not snatch the petty judgements from them, Wb. 9c8 . nī gatar a forgall ar domun degmnā, Cáin Ad. 4 . a tellad errusom, Wb. 11a29 . dives cui (.i. isar) clam tollitur , Enchir. Aug. 76b ( ZCP vii 482.27 .)

(k) With verbs of protecting, saving from , defending against (accus. and dat.): ainsium Crīst ar cech nernbās, Thes. ii 352.4 (Hy. vi). Dīa dom chobair . . . / ar cech ṅgúasacht, 350.16 (ibid.). dia dítin ar in pecthach, Ml. 57c4 . dia diden . . . ar náimdib, Thes. ii 354.2 . airnaib imnedaib doneimni a dǽ, Ml. 110d9 . fri himdegail cuirp . . . ar demnaib, Thes. ii 354.4 . diar snádud . . . / ar gábud, 359.6 . for soirad ar senachrib, Ml. 33b21 . air ni bói numsoiradsa ar chumachtae ṅduini, 74b13 . Continuing a Latin construction: ar thes inna gréne són ┐ ara naimtib gl. quae etiam inumbraret eos et regeret, 97c4 . arnaib cumachtgaib gl. difensionem, 103c7 . arnaib hi sin gl. ut illis eripiat, 117b4 . defensionis . . . ar maccaib israhel, 124b10 . Note also: comad chādus ar cach ngúasacht that it might be a halidom against every danger, BColm. 96.10 . tucc dam a Dē mōir / . . . / ar pīanu na plāg / tonna dīana dēr, ACL iii 232 § 1 .

III In later lang. ar and for become a single preposition (often with surviving difference in follg. mutation, see the examples in Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 2 ff. ). The follg. are exx. of ar for earlier for. Of local relations (for I): imda gol gargc ar a brú many a fierce wail in its lap, BColm. 100.6 . ar saebchoire in a maelstrom, 94.12 . tarrúd úire ar airib / for leccaib ar láech-maigib, Metr. Dinds. iv 232.34 . seóit Cluana maic Nóis do foillsechadh ar Gallaib Luimnigh `were discovered with', RC xviii 53.12 . Of quasi-local relations, etc. (II). Of point of time (c): ar na tri soldomnaib `on the three chief feasts', Mon. Tall. 129.27 . ar notlaice ┐ caiscc ┐ cengciges, Ériu vii 150.30 . Of rule, sway, over (f): ba rī tenn ar Tūathmumain, ZCP viii 119.28 . flaithius ┐ forlamhus ar crichaib . . . na cruinne, CCath. 1 . In addition to (g): cotardda trá ar se mo chendsa ardo chend my head in addition to thine, RC iii 185.8 . credo ┐ pater . . . ar cech m-biait, xv 490 § 26 ( for cach mbiait, § 32 ). Affecting, afflicting, etc. (h): bíd oirb oman Dé do neim, BColm. 100.3 . trom orm a innisi, ZCP viii 200.25 . duaithnid ar dainib in domain incomprehensible to, Fen. 38. 16 . Subsisting on (j): ar geilt féoir feeding on grass, Ériu iv 156.12 . ar usci ┐ bairgin, RC xv 491 § 30 , cf. for usci ┐ bairgin, 490 § 26 . In a state or condition (k): na biad ar in mbreith sin `that she would not abide by that judgement', RC xxiv 196.1 . nírbo borg báeth ar bruidin it was not a foolish castle engaged in brawling, Metr. Dinds. i 32.46 . With vb. of motion: ge deach rī Conaill a ccēin / ar slūaiged rí Temhra tréin, ZCP viii 116.21 . To express the dativus incommodi (m): adbathadar uile thorad parrthais ar Adam `were forfeited by Adam', Laws iv 266.14 . adbathadar ar Aongus a thire, 15 . rogabsat tech air they stormed the house in which he was, BColm. 72.4 . ni cloifithir oirb bar cath, YBL 314b55 . Perh. also: ben clucc ar Cellach against, Cáin Ad. 18 . cogadh mór le Domnall . . . ar Brian, Ériu i 78.5 . In phrases (p): ar bith c[h]é on this earth, BColm. 100.3 . ar comairci C. under the protection of C., 86.28 . ar debaid in haste, LL 7493 . ar lár cháich in the midst of everybody, Ériu iv 222.28 . ar neam in heaven, Anecd. i 39.114 . ar ṡeilbh (sic leg.) éicsi, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, v 92 § 9 . With verbs (III): dorad min aire `put meal over it', Mon. Tall. 147.11 . dobert trian forcridi . . . ar chuid cach lae `added one third of water to the daily allowance', 7 . do thabairt geinti ar ireis, ZCP iii 22.6 .

Note also: rostatlaig ar thenn-medón he clasped her by the sturdy waist, Ériu iv 104.8 . roghabh nathraigh mbí ar bolgán `by the belly', CCath. 4194 .

IV Replacing ÍAR. Of time (I): ar cath Ch. after the battle of C., ZCP viii 314.18 . arsin, Ériu iv 132.1 . is ar sein anid sí co arnabárach thereupon she remains till the morrow, ZCP viii 309.20 . ar n-ēirghi grēine at the rising of the sun, ML² 1333 . sóaidh co brónach dia taigh ar marbadh a maic, RC xviii 45.31 . ar tteacht ór tticch, ZCP viii 219 § 13 . do bātar ar n-a crēchtnugad, ML² 386 . ar ngabāil gīall for Mumain, ZCP viii 119.31 . Of place (II): arsin t[s]eit along the way, Mon. Tall. 153.20 . ar slige Póil is Petair in the track of Paul and Peter, Ériu v 24.24 . According to (III): suidfither gach aon duine . . . ar miadh ┐ ar dligedh ┐ ar a sognim[r]adh, RC xxviii 22 § 49 . ar a fidhair fen do cruthaigh Día é in His own image, BCC § 408 .

For use as conjunction see 2 ar, 1 ara.

báe, bá(a)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. báe, bá(a) or dil.ie/5125
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: bái

n io n.? (báe nde, Celtica xviii 42 § 8 ). Freq. in negative constructions and perh. originally meaning something, anything (of consequence, value, etc.) (cf. 1 ní (d)), the meaning profit , etc. being an extension. something advantageous ; benefit, utility, profit : bá .i. tarba, ut est ni beir in ben ba on fir dinnab cethraib .i. nocha mbeirinn in ben tarba on fir . . . ┐ ni toighlen ba don iarraid .i. tarba, O'Dav. 279. Cf. Laws ii 164.8 Comm. esbae . . . nī ba ní etir, quasi es-baa, Corm. Y 517. ba .i. maith, O'Cl. scel n-amhra . . . cen baa di goi `without a trace of a lie', Blathm. 102 § 37. ni torbe do bóu gl. ad nihil [enim] utile est, Wb. 30b6 . ní cumgat góa baa i cathroí anything at all, ZCP xi 83 § 30. ní roichim baa (.i. díghaltus nó cathugadh) fort I cannot gain by thee, v 524.18 . ní taurga ndam báa nde no good will come to me from it, Anecd. i 42.3 . nocho taircci baa dam, ii 9 § 13 . lanamnas eicne no sleithe: ni techtat ba acht comperta, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 71 § 35 ( Laws ii 404.14 ). a ba (.i. a maith), Laws i 50.13 Comm. bái nad ba an advantage that does not die (?), Metr. Dinds. ii 32.91 . béd combá glossed: gníomh co maith, Leb. Gab.(i) 48.10 . Eochu Bai bladach ba ba, Rawl. 148a2 . líag uachtair ba ba, LL 29008. b.¤ ferainn landed property: a mbai ferainn ┐ a cain ┐ a cablach their profit from land, LL 389a20 . cech cáin ┐ cech bai f[er]uinn (sic leg.), 23 .

In phrases. attá b.¤ do x de y y is advantageous to x: ní baí báa di (leg. do) sodain de sin, LU 6947 (BDD). bāi baa dō-sam de, O'Mulc. 726. ni roibe ba de sodain do L., IT i 272.25 ( FB 38 Eg.). cia rofessair h'athair ni fuil bá duit de, RC ix 456.19 . briathra banda sain arse ni ḟuil baa díb, LL 32733 ( TTr. 1942 ). ní bhaoí bá do sodhain, AFM vi 1900.3 . Cf. ni marat, ni fil a mbá, RC xxiii 304 § 2 (translated `there is not what has died'). ni bæ son it does not matter, Vita Br. 24.28 . ni baa aní sin, LU 4541 (TBC). ní bá sin or Cu C., 5723 . Cf. ní dénaimsea baa de sin I make light of that, 4849 = ní denam robríg de, TBC-LL¹ 859. nirbo baa dosom ón that was of no avail (of an injunction), LL 37040. hore nárbu bae la ludeu creitem did not want to believe, Wb. 5b12 . nirbo bá leiss sárgud meic sethar a athar he preferred not to, LL 32562 ( TTr. 1763 ).

Predic. and attrib. g s. ní bái lib manducare dominicam cenam `ye deem it not profitable', Wb. 11d4 . nī būi dō, Bruchst. 41 § 4 ( ni baoí ní dó, TFrag., 62.3 ). ? Dauid co triath[aib] darb' bai, SR 6353 (: na huamai). fó lóe in bruit bái of the good cloak, Thr. Ir. Gl. 20 s.v. fola brith. do sluagaibh in betha baoí (: mnaí), TBC St. 3748. ni bethu ba, LL 15775.

Compd. ? ¤ḟis. In pseudo-etym. gloss: corus bescna .i. coir seis, seis choir in bafesa gnae no aibind `the true rule of the pleasant or delightful knowledge', Laws iii 2.5 Comm.

cailgid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cailgid or dil.ie/7733
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Forms: cailged

v (colg)

(a) pierces, punctures (with a weapon): fras cháoilṡleagh chailgios neach, Ériu ix 164 § 12 . mór faebar fultana ronar cailg, SG 321.12 . ? Ferdia a n-gliadh nar cailge (= cailgedh ?), Oss. v 142.24 . Fig. ar bhríb níor chailg a chreideamh, Celtica i 150 § 38 . amhra do chailg mo chridhe, Dánta Gr. 44.3 .

(b) stings : cailgit lena nerbollaibh (of scorpions), O'Gr. Cat. 213.16 . in tan cailgit [na beich], 28 . ge cailgind in bhech in duine, ITS xxix 117.23 . Cf. celgaid (c).

Vn. cailged.

cani

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cani or dil.ie/8138
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: can, caini, cainipsa, cini, cenita, cain, cain, cáni, canai

neg. interrog., compd. of ní, conj. part., GOI § 38 . can, Wb. 15a1 , Sg. 49b23 . caini, Wb. 1c14 . cainipsa (with cop.), 10c16 . cini, 12d4 . cenita (with copula 2 s. indic. pres.), Ml. 84c3 (see GOI § 795 ). cain, Wb. 2c4 . (see GOI §§ 117 , 465 ). cain, Ériu xii 20 § 25 . cáni, LU 5630 . ? canai, LL 3739 .

As isolated gloss on Lat. nonne, Wb. 10c7 (a prima manu). gl. nonne, Ogma 236 .

With vb.: c.¤ ro chretset have not they believed? Wb. 10c20 . c.¤ epir náte atbeir gl. án et lex haec non dicit? 10d5 . c.¤ accai gl. non uides? Ml. 25b14 .

With copula: c.¤ messe immoforling cretim dúibsi gl. nonne opus meum uos estis? Wb. 10c18 . c.¤ tú féin is it not thou thyself? 8d27 . canipu uissiu a thabairt dúnni `were it not juster?' 10d12 . c.¤ amal no-n-ǽicndichtherni, 2a11 . 5a8 . 5b31 . 5b35 . 13c17 . 20a5 . Sg. 3b12 . nonne . . . incomparabiliter praestat (.i. c.¤ ferr)? Enchir. Aug. 74a ( ZCP vii 481 , 488 ). c.¤ amhra asgel nglan?, Blathm. 369 . c.¤ ōin do decraib Dē? is not that one of God's wonders? Bruchst. i 50 § 110 .

1 cathair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cathair or dil.ie/8362
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Forms: caithir, caithir, cathair, caithri, chaithrib

n originally i, later k, f. Ériu xxvi 95 . Also caithir (see GOI 202 ). caithir f., IGT Decl. § 120 . n s. cathair marked `lochdach', ex. 1884 (see Duan. Finn iii p. 63). g. pl. clōas crīcha Cathriach, Corp. Gen. 9 (Rawl. 116 c 34) , Éigse xvii 429 . a p. caithri (: aithre), ZCP viii 198 § 18 . d p. do chaithrib (for metre; chathrachaib, MSS), Bruchst. i 4 .

(a) stone enclosure, fortress, castle; dwelling : Acher Foglass / fuirec cēt cathrach, Corp. Gen. 2.42 . frithe cathrach (`church', see (b) below), Laws v 320.8 .i. dogabur isin chathraig thall, 322.9 Comm. ben forcurtar i cathuir, 272.6 . cathuir uasal nemid `dwelling' (in list of places from which distraint may not be taken), 266.23 .i. cathuir uasal neimedh na heclaisi, 268.11 Comm. co cathraig Con Roí, LU 9037 ( FB 79 ). ic comét na cathrach (of fort of Culann), TBC-LL² 869 . fo chaithrecha . . . in talman, Auraic. 167 . fa mó na comla caithreach / clúasa na naithreach dwelling-place , Duan. F. i 78.12 . trī dūin tenna . . . ┐ trī cathracha com-daingne, ML² 1108 . lín catha san chaithirsin, IGT Decl. ex. 885 . ag léim chluidh chathrach, 1882 . daingne imda . . . .i. cathir Cind Chorad, ┐ Inis Gaill Duib . . . , Ann. Inisf. 1012.5 . ar lár cathrag Í Maireathig, 1212.4 . na cúirte cloch aolta ┐ na cathracha, AFM vi 2192.10 . caithir chuanna ceithre mbeann (of Clonfree), DDána 119.16 . lucht deigheoil 'n-a chaithir chuirr (of chieftain's castle), 66.7 . Of animals: do-lotar na bruic amach asa cathraig, Thr. Ir. Gl. xliv 15 . Transf. is cathir do chomét (of the Félire), Fél. Ep. 149 . c.¤ Chuinn (of Ireland), DDána 93.42 . c.¤ chaolaigh dhuinn (of mop of hair), 74.63 . dá rígcórughad . . . ┐ dá caithir crisdaingne (of two divisions of an army), Caithr. Thoirdh. 64.14 .

(b) monastic settlement, enclosure; monastery : for maig arutacht cathir (of St Bridget), Thes. ii 328.4 ( Hy. v 10 ). folamadar . . . P. congabad c.¤ ic A. Ḟ., Trip.² 1270 . bid úasal do chathir (said to Bishop Erc), 473 . comarba cathrach Ciarain, Auraic. 5268 . indliged na heclaisi . . . [mad indliged] na cathrach . . . is dire cathrach fais[e] doib (`cathedral'), Laws v 172.12 , 13 Comm. bid mór do chathir i fus / be manchach for nem, Ériu iii 108 § 54 .

(c) fortified city, city: ro bói isin chaithir, Wb. 13b1 . Crist didiu issí in chathir, 21c5 . dia mbrith huan chadraig `from the city', Ml. 66c14 . immin cathraich, 48d14 . imm oslucud inna cathrach, 46b5 . ro soirad in chathir di lamaib Assar, 61d2 . for longais hua chathir (leg. huan? Edd.), 74a13 . donchathraig gl. in urbem, Sg. 216b6 . tor cathrach, LU 2786 . co cathroigh n-amhræ Luimnech, ZCP vii 304.x . gusan gcarthaigh iona roibhe Aimpírius, ZCP xxxiii 133 § 17 . cúig caithreacha, Dán Dé xvii 25 . a gcaithridh Chorint, Mac Aingil 5784 . For c.¤ attaig see attach, and cf. ZCP xxv 225 .

Of heaven: nói ngrád . . . / cathrach in Ríg romair, Fél. Ep. 236 . in cathir . . . ina fuil in rígsudi, LU 2036 ( FA 11 ). Of hell: im chuaird cathrach Díabail, LU 2421 .

In n. loc.: coro bris Cathraig Conaind (more usually Tor C.), LL 14698 . See Hog. Onom.

Compd.: bean is teachtaire . . . ón chaithirlios (of Mary), Aithd. D. 72.7 .

See catrai.

desimrecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. desimrecht or dil.ie/15770

 

Forms: des(s)imrecht, desemmrecht, dessemrecht, deissemrecht, desmrecht, desmerecht, desmeirecht, deisimbrecht, desmirecht, desmberecht, d., desmerecht, desimrechta, desimrechta, desimrechte, desmerecht

n u, n. later m. Spellings: des(s)imrecht, Wb. 5d10 , 31c11 . Sg. 35b13 . desemmrecht, Wb. 12c35 . dessemrecht, 24c8 . deissemrecht, 24c14 . desmrecht, Ml. 118a7 , Sg. 66b17 , 18 , 20 . desmerecht, desmeirecht, LU 451 , 462 . deisimbrecht, Hib. Min. 4.130 . desmirecht, desmberecht, PH . Decl.: n s. d.¤ n-aill, Sg. 66b20 . in desmerecht , LU 451 . g s. desimrechta, Wb. 26b18 . n p. desimrechta, LU 482 . a p. id., Sg. 214a5 , Anecd. ii 11 . g p. desimrechte, Wb. 26d17 . desmerecht, etc., LU 478 . PH 4775 .

Corresponds to Lat. exemplum.

(a) example, exemplar, pattern: condid d.¤ do chách, Wb. 5d10 . combad d.¤ ícce cáich, 28a13 . áes drochbæsgnai . . . dia ngabthar drochdesmrecht, Ml. 118a7 . lécfet desmbirecht sonarti ┐ calmachta do na moethoclachaib, PH 6559 . iar nd.¤ Iudais, 5297 . gaibid d.¤ (de) takes example (from), Wb. 24c14 , 26b18 . Ml. 118a7 . PH 3573 . Of texts: is inunn chiall isindi as scit ┐ as nóuit isin dib desmrechtaib so (i.e. the Roman and Gallican psalters), Ml. 114b1 .

(b) sample, specimen, illustration: cia chollit araile in cánaidsea ná gabar sin amail d.¤ , LB 203b56 . ni tuc a d.¤ he cited no example of it, Sg. 100a7 . a nderbad hua desimrechtaib, 90a3 . d.¤ fetarlicci an example from the Old Testament, Wb. 29a13 . do dheismireacht na ndechnad, IT iii 20 n. 3 . co tardad d.¤ do chách in mod o clofitis he—tria umla, PH 4817 . agso deismireacht na hAmhra ag aithfhriotal briathar Choluim an example from the Amhra , Keat. iii 1414 . rofoillsicchsett desmerechta imdha a ndeggnimh do thúathaibh . . ., Anecd. ii 11 . roinn deismireachta na hAmhra Coluim Chille verses to illustrate the A.C.C., ZCP xiii 8.15 . With AR: desmrecht insin ar aimsir deirb in feminino, Sg. 66b17 ; ib. 18 . desmirecht ar gach deach fo leit[h], IT iii 20 § 59 . Used to introduce a quotation, etc. deismerecht air sidhe, ut dixit in filedh, Laws i 4.1 . Cf. 16.z . dlighidh se . . . deismeireachd iomdha do bheith aigi orra ó ughdaruibh . . . do shuidhioghadh a n-aibeóradh, IGT Introd. § 2 . ag so deismeireacht air (citing an illustrative couplet), § 18 . Folld. by defining clause: desmberecht nach cóir fuirech . . . cen a comallad an example (to prove) that, PH 5699 . With IM: gurbo deismirecht im impod for Cesair la cach impodh damhsa fair that my desertion of C. may serve as an example to others to desert him, CCath. 3679 .

éccin(n)te

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éccin(n)te or dil.ie/19408

 

adj (neg. of cinnte) undetermined , hence

(a) uncertain, doubtful : rop ecindti leó a toighecht doridisi, D IV 2, 41 [39]vb 6 . gurab obann éigcinnte uair an bháis, TSh. 785 . As subst. in an extended sense : imdha a huilc 'sa héigcinnte `her evils and uncertainties' O'Gr. Cat. 466 .

(b) indefinite : im fiachaib eiccindti `indefinite debts' Laws v 122 Comm. ceart .i. im cinnti, dlige .i. um ecinnte `indefinite claims' 162 (gl. on : tech as nacon damar ceart na dlige do duine, 160 ). a bfearund in fir na damund cert um cindti, na dliged um ecinnte, 206 Comm. iv 52.14 Comm. nuimhir éccinnte do mhuintir an gobernora, AFM v 1844 . uimhir éigcinnte (opp. to áireamh cinnte a definite number) Content. vi 86 . TSh. 7862 .

(c) infinite, unlimited : Gailian Ipocráid amhra | gér bh' égcinnte a n-eladhna, O'Gr. Cat. 556.5 . go bpianaibh éigcinnte gan ḟoircend, Ó Héodhusa 131 . naomhthacht éigcinnte nách éidir do mhedoghadh, 94 .

elada, elatha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. elada, elatha or dil.ie/19919
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: -an, -na

n n, f. g s. -an, later also -na, IGT, Decl. § 9 .

(a) art, science, acquired craft or skill (in general sense or of a specific branch), renders Lat. ars: beanaidh ris an ealadhain leighis = artis est medicinae TSh. 8229 (cf. Lile na hEladhan Leighis = Lilium Medicinae O'Gr. Cat. 202 ). abairt .i. ab arte .i. issī abairt do-ní .i. elada, O'Mulc. 10 . O'Cl. s. abairt. foillsigther do fis cecha healadna, Auraic. 4940 . lan do ecna in gach uile eladhain eter dlighedh ┐ diaghacht, ḟisigecht ┐ ḟellsaime ┐ ealadhain Gaeidhilgi air chena every science including law, divinity, physic, philosophy and the art of Gaelic [composition] in general AU 1498 . do réir [sic leg.] ealadhan an photeceári, Exodus xxx 35 . tárras deigh-ealadhain a noble craft (viz. poetic art) Dán Dé xxv 4 . gorab sec[h]ranach ealadhan an baramail sin unscientific Ir. Astr. Tr. 70.23 . Gailian Ipocráid amhra | gérbh égcinnte a n-eladhna `boundless as was their science' O'Gr. Cat. 556.5 . aes borb eladan unskilled workmen Laws v 98.11 Comm. (here opp. to aes dána). gnimrada borba...ac na recar a les ealat[h]u, iii 174n .

Esp. of literary or poetic art, or of minstrelsy , the underlying meaning being always skill , hence the word is not synonymous with éicse: aes ciuil ┐ oirfide ┐ ealadna, IT ii2 122.6 . aos ealadhna (of poets), Studies 1924, 85 . TD 8.16 . uinivers na healadhna (i.e. the poet's study), Ir. Review 1913, 594 . buime is ḟearr don ealodhain (of one bountiful to poets and minstrels) TD 9.51 . bágh na healadhna eadruinn the bond of art (letters, music) 23.5 .

With defining gen. of a particular craft or calling: doneoch...is tualaing éladu imbertha airm, TTr.² 91 . eolus ealadhna an ghaisgidh, Studies 1919, 439 . Cf. bearradh...lais...a ccomhartha ealadhan re taighleoiriocht in token of (his) calling as a courier Todd Lect. iv 68.14 .

do-gní e.¤ studies, learns, teaches or practises a craft: ag dénum eladhan isin cathraigh sin, RC x 182 y . co ndenad se ars memorativa .i. el[adh]na na cuimni do chach, 182.7 . ní tíaghair...d'íarraidh ealathan to seek (training in poetic) art IGT, Decl. ex. 315 ( = Studies 1924, 86 ). TD 12.6 .

(b) of applied skill in any art or craft; workmanship: ro derscaigestar a tech so eter adbur ┐ elathain material and workmanship FB 1 . screpall rob fiu in bunad ┐ da screpall dorormacht ealadu ┐ frichnum air (of a metal vessel; the skill and industry of the craftsman augmented the value of the material), Laws v 18.1 Comm. Of horse-training: don fer do-righne in eladhain...don fer do-righne in frichnumh, Cóic Con. 48.2 = Laws v 214.7 Comm. Of medical or surgical treatment: da ndecha mer as a inadh tarringther é ┐ cuir le suil th'ordoige 'na inadh é ┐ dentar an eladha cedna air (viz. apply a bandage, etc., as in the case of dislocatio manus) YBL 349a41 . nach fetir do reir naduire na ndaine clocha...dfoirithin, acht do reir eladhan...fetir seandaine eigin dfoirithin, 353b10 .

In connexion with military operations: doronsat... aidhme iongnaithe d'amhainsi ealadhan ┐ inntlechta trias ro ghabhsat Carrag L.C. for mhuintir F., AFM iii 280.17 .

(c) of skill in deception, craft, cunning, wile: gabaid fen rigi...tria cheilg ┐ elathain, LB 140a42 (= Todd Lect. vi 78.7 ). PH 8090 . mellaid demun tria eladain in drém na techtait in fírDia, 1950 . na fil celg no eladu dráidechta lais, 786 . BNnÉ 43.5 . trem' inntlecht ┐ trem' ealadhnoib diaplaidhi infernal arts Fl. Earls 138.11 . Here probably: ealaidhe na bpeataoi-se manœuvres (?) Ó Bruad. iii 134.22 .

(d) an exhibition or specimen of skill, craftsmanship: do erail eladan forru a display of their skill (in dancing) PH 893 . doronsat éladna inganta performed wonderful (gymnastic) feats 897 . trí fáilti coirmthige: immed ┐ dúthracht ┐ elatho (.i. ealadha do thaisbeana[dh]), Triads 225 and p. 42 . dob imdha céol ┐ eladhna ar an mbanais sin, ZCP vi 82.33 . augtair na elathan ic tennad a tairngi the builders of the structure (of a ship) LL 219a1 = TTr. 136 . Cf. cliatha bo Raghamain ruanaid | nírb ealadhain uabair [sic leg. ?] iat, Ériu x 85 z . Of a literary composition: augtar inna healathan-sa Béid Bede is the author of this work Anecd. iii 63.25 . S. O'D. da-rini inn ealadhu-so (heading of a piece of alliterative prose), H 2.7, col. 213 . don eladuin-si na Táno, ACL iii 3.3 . ros bennach cách dib elathain aroile, Fél. 4.21 . cethardai condagar da cech elathain .i. locc ┐ aimser, etc. 2.3 . MacCongl. 3 . Ériu viii 150 . co nderna liubra ┐ eladhna lanmora do amaindse ┐ do indleacht `treatises' [cf. above, last cit. under (b)] RC xvii 417.29 . Cf. Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.12 . RC x 183.3 . is don Mac S.-si doroinneadh na healadnacha adchualabar these poems were composed L. Chl. S. § 40 . Cf. elada .i. eccloga .i. gobarc[h]omrád...ar a doirchi ┐ ar a dot[h]uigsi, is umi aderar gobarc[h]omrad...rie, Corm. Y 561 .

COMPD.: in t-eladenmaid = artifex PH 5578 ( = elad-d., see IGT, Introd. § 94 ). Cf. gusan elandenmaid, Ériu v 72.6 (n.2) , perhaps for eladandenmaid (see IGT, Introd. § 93 ). See also acunailind denmaid, Ériu v 72 n. 2 (E 3 5 p. 56b) .

1 il

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 il or dil.ie/27239
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: iliu, hil, n-ili, il, lia, lia, il, ilága, il, il, il-

adj i (orig. u, GOI § 358 ). As subst. a p. iliu, O'Dav. 621. LL. 119b50 . Sg. form of adj. with pl. noun : nidat glain for n-adbai hil (: dil), SR 7996.

With a noun in pl. many, numerous: atá n-ili dána in spirto `that the Spirit's gifts are many,' Wb. 12a11 . it corp in boill-sin cit íli, 12a13 . arnaib réib ilib, 22a8 . inna leri ili gl. operas multas, Ml. 28c2 . os ní ili `we many', 43a6 . rugil (gl. nonnullo= rug-il `sehr viel'), ZCP vii 488 § 41 , cf. GOI § 366. co mmárbuidin martrae | naptar ili lochtae, Fél. March 18. fertae amrai ili | dogénatar airi, ib. Ep. 175. it ile imda mo anmandsa cheana, BDD² 554. ili insi Mod ... ili tonna mara : liä dāma Domnaill, Bruchst. i § 12 . bātar ili Cothraige | cetharthrebe dia fognad `many were there whom C. ... used to serve,' Thes. ii 309.3 . do flaithib ilib echtrandaib, Laws ii 308.17 . di each dec diamut ili sealbu `if they have belonged to various owners,' v 242.10 Comm. robdar úaite a n-éolaig ┐ robdar ile a n-anéolaich, Ériu iv 126.10 . fíad andrib ilib, LU 3902. ili ceanna, ūatte enech, ZCP viii 195 § 10. bid uaite bar n-airchisechtai, bidt ile bar námait, Alex. 223. go ro chaoininn m'ulca ile, Measgra D. 42.27 .

With a noun in sg. manifold, much, great: cosin taidbse il gl. cum multa ostensione, Ml. 30b11 . in tomais il .i. in toimseo truim (gl. multi ponderis), 20a21 . bith cen ṡeotu | arlicud il | ilar carat `much lending,' Tec. Corm. § 14.29 .

As subst. many, a multitude: tresa n-íccatar híli `through which many may be saved,' Wb. 27c20 . do ṡlund hile `to signify many,' Sg. 28b24 . ní derscaigi in comparit di hilib a cheneiuil feissin, 40a6 . a n-il gl. multum, Ml. 43d23 . aisnefimit uáiti do ilib dib `de multis pauca perstringemus,' Lat. Lives 45.7 . togaethfaid sochaide soifid iliu, LL 119b50 . gellfat-sa de fīad ile in the presence of many, ZCP x 41.22 . co ttangattar ili diabhal ina thimcheall, BNnÉ 6 § 19. tidhnacul mbīdh ... coemthach n-ile, ACL iii 296 § 41. fechtas for iliu oenfer `which one man wreaks upon many,' O'Dav. 621. ar ilib ... ┐ ní ar na huilib dóinib `pro multis .. non pro omnibus,' PH 5227. dú in ro marbhadh íle, AFM i 440.9 . cf. ile .i. iomad, no iolardha, O'Cl.

Equative: con bús lir bommanna ega, TBC-LL¹ 5949. comtar lir gainem mara ... a lleithchind ┐ a llethchloicne ..., RC iii 177.29 . For compar. : comtís lir a mmairb anda a mbí, TBC-LL¹ 6006. at lir turim thrá frassa na saiget past counting, LU 2212. With compar. ending for comparative : is liriu feoir no folt fidbuide `more numerous than ...,' Ir. Gl. p. 70 n . Compar. lia more, more numerous, greater: nabad lia diis no thriur `let it not be more than ...,' Wb. 13a4 . lia gl. plures, Sg. 41a9 . air robtar lia sidi ol mbatar maicc israhel, Ml. 123a8 . ce beth lin is lia do crichaib eturru `a greater number of territories,' Laws i 222.z Comm. lia ceasta canoine nā canoin, ocus lia aicned inā udaras, iii 32.8 Comm. at líu luibni fidbad fann | no ruibni rinndglan retglann, SR 7291. is lia indisi ┐ epirt a ndo ligdath doadbat `beyond telling,' Ériu ii 114 § 39. is lia turem tra ┐ aisneis ina mboí dí degmnáib and, LU 8416. ni ḟil nech is lia seóit ... andú-sa, TBC-LL¹ 59. níba lia in rí is taig andā-side `the king had not more people ...,' ZCP xii 272.30 . bid lia a mairb lais na hoirgne andáta a mbí, BDD² 801. longes ba liu andasaide, Cog. 228.14 . ar mhodh nach liadh da a gceannuibh ina da gceudfadhuibh (=quot capita, tot sententiae), Luc. Fid. 333.4 . iomdha fochuinn as a bfoil | fearg ag Chríosd re cloinn Ádhaimh | ... lia tobar na trócuire ` stronger ,' Dán Dé xxi 12. is lia ná soin daonnacht Dé greater , x 12 . am lia d'ḟios is d'ealadhain `I am richer in knowledge ...,' Content. xiv 10. Ír, ní raibhe laoch ba lia `no warrior was greater,' Keat. ii 747. With de : nocha liauite in biadh `the food is not the more plentiful,' Laws ii 28.17 Comm. is liate in da urlabra `the more lengthy,' Auraic. 635. indar leosom gach imat cruth bias fora ndee is liai-di a cumhachta, Marco P. § 152. liaide duine ag dul 'n-a teach | cor na gcreach ar Muire amach, DDána 21 § 16. lía assa lía more and more numerous: lia sa lia an t-aos ealodhna, Ériu v 52.10 . lia sa lia treablaid is teadhma, Dán Dé xii 2. cóir cungnamh as lia sa lia, DDána 34 § 9. lía assa chách more and more numerous: ┐ ni lia 'sa cach iad ┐ ni huaiti, YBL 85a23 . Superl. issē mac dian lia eōlas i nĒrind, Ériu viii 156.7 . ar an leirg bhus lia duine very numerous ?, DDána 24 § 8. corn lán as lia trócuire, A. Ó Dálaigh ix 1. fód as lia iasg ar abhann, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 8 § 3 v.l. an tráth as teirce an fhéile | 's as lia lucht an toibhéime, L. Cl. A. B. 64.154 . lia toimhdeadh atá don fhior very many , 174.61 .

Adv. ind il greatly: multum .i. is ind il as ferr iudeus quam gentilis, Wb. 2a4 . With de : is lia de creitfess `the more ,' 23b7 .

Compds. il is most commonly compounded with plur. nouns, but may also be compounded with nouns of a collective or abstract character, e.g. il-chésad, il-chonách, il-ecor, il-ḟodlaidetu. ¤adbai many dwellings: dia n-ergnaib, dia n-iladbaib, SR 7264. ¤adbara many materials ? : ri secht nimi, rí talman, | ardruiri na n-iladbar, 7734 . ¤ág manifold combat, many fights: g. (? s. or p.) airm ilága , TBC-LL¹ 4105. ¤aicdi many materials: rasilsat i. adhamrai ann .i. nemaind Locha Lein, Anecd. ii 6.6 . ¤aicmi many races, many families: nicon fogail hilltuathai ┐ hilaicme fear talman, Alex. 236. ¤airdbe many slayings: bé dia mbiat ilardbe | eter Ulto erredaib, IT i 69.9 . ¤airm many weapons: dia n-ilarmib, SR 732. ¤anman many names: ilanman domber doib du(a)id 'many names which David gives to them', Études Celt. xl 65 ( Ml. 48c34 ​). ainmnigud oen folaid húa ilanmmanaib, Sg. 30a5 . ¤arda many heights: dor-riagat ilardae uisscib indberaib, BDD² 455. ¤átha many fords: for ilathaib Boinde, YBL 173b52 . m'oenur dam ar ilathaib, TBC-LL¹ 2336. co mensat (leg. memsat, Ed.) ort forsna ilathu, LU 6097. ¤baill many limbs: dorígeni dia corp ... ó ilballaib, Wb. 12a29 . ¤bélrae, ¤bérlai, ¤bérlada n. later m. many languages: is ferr precept oldaas labrad ilbéelre, 12d7 . ni labrátar uili ó ilbélrib, 12b22 . do fogluim na n-ilberla fon doman, Laws i 20.7 Comm. iar cumasc na n-ilbérlae `after the confusion of tongues,' Ériu iv 140.21 . eoin ... cantai ilcheolu i n-ilbelraib, ii 118 § 54 . áit ionar thiodhnuic Día ilbhérladha an domhain do Neamhrúadh, IGT Introd. 3.12 . ¤benna many horned animals: il-benda, Laws i 64.9 . ¤berta ` many burdens,' many tasks ?: gessa ┐ i. bítis for Coinculainn, RC xiv 398 § 1. ¤blassa see blas. ¤blátha many blossoms: forsnig inna hilblátha, Imr. Brain § 6. ¤blíadnai many years: ecmaing bátir ilblédni, § 62. demun oca himluad fri hil-bliadnu, PH 1990. ¤brecht(n)ugud great diversification, great variegation: hilbrectnugud retland roglan i n-aidchi réoid, TBC-LL¹ 5048. ilbrechtnugud cech datha inti, Acall. 5454 n. ilbrechtugud, 7168 . ¤brechtrad, ¤mrechtrad manifold variety: adiecta cona n-ilmrechtrud, Sg. 29b6 . hilbrectradh ndath n-éxamail na cathsciath, CCath. 1728. as lais tuccadh ilbrechtradh gacha datha i n-edighibh ar tús, AFM i 42.z . ¤bríathra many words: mrechtrad inna n-ilbriathar, Ml. 122d11 . ¤brugai (see mruig) g p. imtiagad breatha ilbruige `the judgments on the various farms vary,' Laws v 466.15 . ¤búada many victories, many outstanding qualities: dia n-ilbuadaib, SR 716. ra bátar ilbuada ilarda ... for Coinculaind, TBC-LL¹ 660. innisidh a iolbhuadha, DDána 67 § 23. ¤búaid great excellence ?: lat mac n-oebind co n-ilbúaid, SR 2864. ¤buidne many bands: na hilbuidni airridrici, TTebe 1444 . ¤chaingni many affairs, many troubles: ba mertnech Moisi ... fri hi., SR 4542. ¤chatha many battles: fri frithalim n-i., 5058 . ¤chathraig many cities: Sg. 13a2 . a n-ilchathrachaib tíre Iúda, PH 3675. ¤chelga many treacheries: a fhír-indilltech na n-il-chelg n-exsamail, 8174 . ¤chella many churches : et fundavit il-cella i nDáil Araidi, Lat. Lives 34.13 . ¤chenéle many kinds: ataat i. bérli isin biuth so, Wb. 12d4 . ¤chennadacha many provinces: do luid ri Eoganachta for creich ┐ innrudh ilchendadhach, YBL 1a16 . ¤chenna many heads: tolaib ilchend (of a beast), SR 882. ¤chéola, ¤chéol many melodies, many harmonies, manifold music: binnithir ilcheólu in domain ..., LU 2034. co srethaib ... ilchéolaib, SR 992. parrthus cona thairthib ┐ cona il-cheolaib, YBL 157a16 . binn leisna harcainglibh ilcēol na hēnlaithe, ZCP viii 199 § 5. seinn i., Studies 1919, 611 § 1 . ¤cherda many crafts, many accomplishments: batar hi. inganta leo, PH 889. go ráith bhfódsgoraigh na n-ilcheard n-éagsamhail, DDána 70 § 14. ioldanach .i. duine lan d'ealadhnaib no d'ilcheardaib, O'Cl. ¤chésad ` act of torturing in various ways' : go raibhe dá il-chéasadh ann (i.e. in Hell), TSh. 564. ¤chéta many hundreds: tríasna hilchéta blíedne, Imr. Brain § 65. co ruc il-chéta bó as, RC xvii 363.8 . ¤chethrai many cattle, cattle of various kinds: isin cumusg n-ilcethra `in the intermixture of various cattle,' Laws ii 4.y Comm. imtar imdai a n-i., SR 4662. ¤chíalla many meanings: na ilchialla asind óinrainn, Sg. 197a17 . o oin inna n-ilchial, 154a1 . ataat ilchialla isint sun ebraidiu, Ml. 37a10 . ¤chinéla many races: na hilltuatha ┐ na hilchinela, LB 122b39 . ¤chlessa many tricks: a ilcleasa neme ar indell aicci, TBC-LL¹ 3931 (Stowe). i n-árach a n-il-chleas `varied tricks,' TSh. 528. ¤choin many hounds: airm i mbiat i. géra, LU 2418. ¤chomarbas manifold heirship: can forbeir coimaithces ? A il-comarbus `from several heirs,' Laws iv 68.19 . ¤chomraic many encounters, many combats: nipa frithenech debtha hit ilchomraicib, LU 3495 (SC). ¤chonách : dochuaidh ilconach do Césair `manifold prosperity,' CCath. 2368. ¤chuir many turns ? many circles ? : línib hilchor (a cheville), SR 166 ¤chrícha many territories: i n-ilchrīchaib comadais, ACL iii 218 § 7. ¤dála many delays: a ben, ná bi ic hildalaib, SR 1698. ¤dána many gifts, many arts, many accomplishments ; sg. ¤dán varied skill, manifold science: nítat ildáni do óenfiur et ní óen dán do sochuidi `it is not many gifts to one man ...,' Wb. 21a16 . tormaigid eneclann du neoch il-dana du beith aigi, Laws v 108.16 Comm. In sg. : fairenn cach ildāna of every varied gift, Ériu iv 163.14 . ? used as adj. iar n-eladnaib ildánaib, SR 2226. ¤dath, ¤datha sg. and pl. many hues, varied colouring: Emne co n-ildath féle, Imr. Brain § 60. co mbrechtaib cach illdatha, SR 56. Loch Riach ..., illatha de gach n-aenlā dath gorm, dath buidhe ..., ZCP v 24 § 14. Attrib. gen.: i mbeirtibh óir ioldatha, TD 7 § 26. ¤dechraib d p. many differences: isnaib i., Ml. 125d7 . ¤delba many shapes, varied shapes: rí rodasgni ... i. na n-anmanna, SR 7270. ¤dírib d p. many fines, many compensations: slan enech ecmaing in il-dirib i n-ordaib il-grad ecsi, YBL 179b13 . ¤draídechta varied enchantments: na hildraidhechta ┐ na hileicne ro imerset draithe Cormaic orro, RC xliii 58 § 58. ¤dúili many elements: trí accomol n-ildule `through the conjunction of many elements,' Ml. 145c4 . ro chainset na hilldúile, SR 7760. ¤échta many slayings, many slain: re himad na n-ar ocus na n-ilécht, MR 240.8 . āra ┐ ilēchta, TTebe 2856 . ¤ecor much decoration, much inlay: etaigi caema ... arna n-ilecur do snath alaind orda, TTebe 2214 . Attrib. gen.: ruithean na cathbarr n-orda n-ileagair, 917 . cloidim cru[a]idgher ... ┐ se ordhuirn ilegair, Aen. 1955. ¤ḟaebair, ¤ḟaebra many weapons, varied weapons: na hairm ┐ na hilḟaebair, Acall. 2031. ní geibhtis renna ná ilfaebra he, RC xliii 46 § 45. gé bhrisim ... beirn le beagán iolfhaobhar, DDána 82 § 2. Metaph. armtha lé hiol-fhaobhraibh na haithrighe, TSh. 10816. ¤ḟodla many divisions: nos deocraigitt i n-ecsamlus na n-ilfodal fil forsin mbairdni, IT iii 6 § 4. ¤ḟodlaidetu manifold division: cid i n-airecar ilfodlaidetu forsin cetardu sin (viz. na cethri primfodla filed forsin bardni), IT iii 6 § 4. ¤ḟolta : fri slond n-ilḟolad `to signify many substances,' Sg. 28b22 . ¤ḟuirech much delay: ní bad muilleóir duit fer ilḟuirig `a man of much delay,' Tec. Corm. § 34.5 . níbat ilḟurig im írad n-echtrand `do not often delay ...,' SCC 272 (= LU 3471 ). ¤gáiri, later ¤gáirthe, ¤gár(r)tha many cries, much clamour: a cuirdís óic ilgáire, Acall. 3094. fodord mor ... ┐ ilgaire troma fergacha, LB 151b37 . iolgháirthe gan méid do mhair, IGT Decl. ex. 1983. iolgháirthe badhbh is brainéan, TD § 31. iolach ┐ iolgarrtha, RC xxix 122.7 . ¤gáirdes much joy: cūis ilghairdis, Fl. Earls 238.10 . ¤gáirdiugud much rejoicing or merrymaking: ticdiss ... d'ilghairdiugadh inntinne dōip `to make amusement for them,' 58.15 . ¤gessa many spells, many enchantments: mar mhná na n-ilgheas oile, TD 1 § 17. ó do imdhigh a n-ilgheasa `their great prerogatives,' Aithd. D. 45 § 3. ar eól amhra i n-ilgheasaibh, Hackett l 8. ¤géill many hostages: a p. huaire do-foxla ilgiallu, Laws iv 330.4 Comm. ¤glésa many arrangements, manifold equipment: im thalmain co n-ilglessaib, SR 90. re hil-gles a hoirfideach, MR 102.17 . ¤gné many kinds, varied appearances: bieit i. indi són, Ml. 97a1 . Lucifer linib hilgne, SR 1690. nocon fetarsa indat ilgnae do-chuirither in folt fair fo indat trí fuilt failet fair, BDD² 1125. ¤gníma many deeds, various deeds: nicond ailet il-gnima `various works,' Laws v 414.x . a ghríobh na n-ilghníomh n-orrdhuirc, DDána 92 § 40. soidheach il-ghníomh n-amhghlan inn, Aithd. D. 73 § 3. tar eis na n-ilgnim sin do denum, Stair Erc. 1223. ¤gotha : ba uisse ce notectad ilgotha ` many sounds ,' Sg. 197a11 . ¤grád(a) many orders, many grades: ni do thoimsib na n-hilgrad, SR 714. cona ecalsib i n-ilgradaib, ZCP iii 223 § 4. ¤gréssa many ornamentations, many illuminations (of a MS.) : in sgribenn n-amrae ... cona ilgresaib aillib examlaib, Fél. 90.6 . ¤imad very many, a great quantity: maille re hiolimad dona págánachaibh, Ériu v 192.530 . ioliomad édála léo, 194.564 . fer saidhbhir ... co n-ílimad gacha maithusa, RC x 187.14 . Ionas, Iob, ┐ il-iomad oile, TSh. 8434. go n-ilimat bād ┐ ethor, Fl. Earls 86.12 . ¤innéirge : ilinnerghe ineragar o ecluis bunuidh `many desertions are made from an original church,' Laws iii 64.20 . ¤intliuchta : sluindes ilsésu ┐ ilintliuchtu `that signifies many senses and many meanings,' Ml. 37a10 . ¤lanna many blades: ar fich arm il-land ngorm, LL 43a13 . ¤liuna a p. : arna tormastar fort iliuna len lighe `lest there be added to thy numerous sorrows the sorrows of a sick bed,' Ériu viii 173.30 . ¤litre many letters: ar it lia sillaba o illitrib quam ó oinlitrib, Sg. 71a18 . ? ¤lúamand : ? roīr dam ... deich tallima taroeda il-luamand, Ériu ii 28.31 . ¤luicc many places: dorata i. dáib, Trip.² 1185. ¤maicni many tribes, many families: frisna iltuathaib ┐ frisna ilmacnib ┐ frisna ilmílib, TBC-LL¹ 453. ¤maín(e) much wealth, many treasures, many gifts: ladiri ocus ilmuine mic Dé `manifold powers,' Laws i 22.22 Comm. ar id ilmaoine moighter comarbaib, iv 266.24 . fuath lais ór is iolmhaoine, Aithd. D. 20 § 21. do bhronn d'filidh ilmhaíne, IGT Decl. ex. 1173. Fig. (see maín (c)) ; im ṡeirc Dé ba hilmain, Fél. Feb. 11. taimthiu Ióib ilmain (? in app. to taimthiu), June 30 . ¤mara many seas: tíre is iolmhara eadroinn, Studies 1918, 453 § 15 . ¤mairb many dead: ro-thóduscastar hil-marbu ... lais a bás, PH 3747. ¤míana many desires: cin nach n-uiressbhaidh dia n-ilmianaib, Stair Erc. 624. ¤míla many animals: Adam, sruth is ilmílaib, SR 1642. cona huilib hilmilaib, 1632 . ¤míli many thousands: i fil ilmíli brecc mban, Immrama 11 § 19. bíaid ... cath for ilmilib, IT i 131.39 . cid oenfer do hilmilib, SR 4024. co ruca hilmíle lett dochum Nime, Lat. Lives 82.11 . do caithedar ... ilmilti do liagaibh lámh, Stair Erc. 1549. ¤mílid many soldiers: in coica curad ... ┐ na hilmili[d], TTebe 3259 . ¤mná many women: cell a ndentar imot adaltrais ri hilmnaib, Laws v 122.6 Comm. ¤moda many ways: roptar cosmaile hó ilmodaib .i. Moyṡi ocus Pátraic, Trip. ii 474.20 . ¤nathraig many snakes, various snakes: co n-immud a hillnathrach, SR 4684. ¤phairti many parts: cor bloidh in cathbarr a n-ilpairtibh, Stair Erc. 354. ¤phectha many sins: acht ro pennead a n-ilpeacta, Laws v 448.2 . a lloss ilpeacadh cloinde n-Adaim, Leb. Gab.(i) 8.11 . ¤phersain multiplicity of persons, many persons: ní tre ilpersa sed per filium dei (? leg. ¤persana, Edd.), Wb. 32b2 . ¤phíana many pains, varied pains: coro innithmigtís hiffer[n]d cona ilphíanaib, LU 1960. ag ingheilt ar il-phianaibh ifrinn cropping the varied pains of hell, TSh. 1963. ¤phíanad act of torturing in many ways: tuc co port Rig da riagad | na hiuidail, da n-il-pianad, Metr. Dinds. iii 416.34 . dá il-phianadh go síordhaidhe, TSh. 9165. pl. varied tortures: imat ilpianad itfrinn, RC xxviii 320 § 37. ¤phíasta, ¤phésti many or varied beasts, many reptiles: eisc ┐ ilpiasta ichtair in aiceoin, Ériu v 20.12 . no-chodlad a oenur eter na hilphiasta ┐ ni erchoitigitis do, PH 875. tearc ann do na hilphiastaibh, DDána 112 § 16. ¤phíast, ¤phéist (= oillphíast, see s.v. oll) s. monster, serpent: an dubh-loch ... irraibhe an il-péist fraochdha, BNnÉ 135. iiib. 14 . ilphiast 'na hinbhearaibh, TD 13 § 10. ¤ranna many parts, various parts: comsuidiugud o ilrannaib uil composition from all the many parts, O'Mulc. 100. ¤ratha many graces, many blessings: is liriu feor nó folt fidbaide i. in marbnaid noeb siu, ZCP iii 225.4 . ¤rechta many shapes: is de atberthe in siriti ara met no delbad i n-ilrechtaib, LU 9009 (FB). domrat ... rí na nuli i n-ilrechtaib, 1290 . ar a immat d'ilr[e]achtaib a téiged sí, Acall. 2402. bean bhroit úaine a n-ilreachduibh, IGT Decl. ex. 1587. ¤rechta ? : fiu a heire éara dá hilreachtaibh, DDána 83 § 1. ¤ríana many paths, many ways: a n-ifurnd na n-ilrīan, ACL iii 216 § 3. échta ┐ ilriana in ármhuighe sin, MR 318.30 . ilriana urbadacha eli ic fostad ... fhoirne dá n-ógbhadhaibh, 316.28 . many floods, many seas ? : atraachtatar a róin ... ┐ a chenandain ┐ i. in mara, CRR § 10. ¤rind many stars: firmiminti na n-i., SR 274. ¤rith manifold course ?, many courses ? : srethaib ilretha rétlann, SR 718. ¤rúna, ¤rún many mysteries, varied mystery ? : ri rooirdnistar mac Nún | Essu, co n-immud hilrún, SR 5006. d'aisneis ocus d'ḟiadhnughadh aignidh ocus illruine na n-oghbriathar, MR 92.1 . ¤ṡailm many psalms: it ilsailm hi tadbadar foisitiu a pecthae do duaid, Ml. 32b18 . ¤ṡésu a p. : sluindes ilsésu ┐ ilintliuchtu `that signifies many senses ...,' 37a10 . ¤ṡelb many possessions: ag nach fuil gradh ilṡelba, Imr. Brain 88.5 . ¤ṡenman : cosmulius tuib arataat ilsenman `many sounds,' Wb. 12c46 . ¤ṡétchi many wives: adellad ilsétchi `that frequent various mates,' Mon. Tall. 132.1 . ¤ṡlúaig many hosts : a p. inna ilslogu, Tur. 110a . is mortcend do ilslúagaib, LU 8958 (FB). ¤tegdaisi many dwellings: ... catrach ... ┐ iltegdaisi i medon indde, Hib. Min. 221. ¤tintudai many translations: ataat i. leu cene, Ml. 3a14 . ¤tíre many lands: for túathaib, for iltírib, SR 6620. ¤toimtin many meanings: de dliguth inna n-iltoimdden, Sg. 26b7 . ¤tóisigh : dorochratar i. rothréna di cechtar na dá ṡlóg, TTr.² 1120. ¤treba : etir iltrebu `between many tribes,' Ml. 37d10 . ¤túatha many peoples: for hinnilib na n-iltuath, SR 2346. fo hill-tuathaib in domain, PH 6452. na hilltuatha ┐ na hil-chinela, LB 122b39 . ¤uisci many waters: amal tondgur n-iluisce, SR 608.

With adjj. It has been found convenient to take together adjj. compounded with il- and those derived from compound nouns of which il- is the first element, e.g. ilchenélach, ilainglech, ilmíanach, as it is not always easy to distinguish between them. There seems to be a distinction in meaning. il-, in the true compounds, having for the most part merely intensive force, e.g. il-bind, il-chrúaid, il-gránda. With those adjj. which clearly derive from compound nouns no hyphen is used here. ¤adbal very vast: ō Muir Icht álaind iladhbail, ACL iii 231.21 . ilainglech surrounded by many angels: co ríg n-il-ainglech n-ūasal, Thes. ii 300.8 ( Hy. i ). ilarmach many-weaponed: ger'bo raith óc i., Acall. 2741. ¤bind of manifold sweetness: sluag ... i., ilchaem, ... co claiscedal aingel, YBL 163b17 . ¤blasta very sweet, very tasty: cruithnecht i., LB 139a52 . ¤bras very eager, very quick: a bil-[l]aburthach ilchlesach i., PH 8181. a il-geranach ... il-ceolach i., YBL 162a20 . ¤brecc much variegated, very spotted: inar do s[h]rōll ilbreac ingantach, ML² 1471. ba hi in nirmamint ilbrec, Cog. 178.19 . forsna sciathaib ilbrecca, LB 152b31 . na haquili ... ilbreca `the speckled eagles,' CCath. 4927. ua (= ba) hilbrecca illathach na moigi ... risna cethaib comgela cubair, TTebe 2340 . As subst. : díallait órdha co n-ilbrecaibh, Imr. Brain 68.21 . ¤brechtach much variegated: sciath oirderc ilbreachtach, TTebe 3576 . ¤brén very foul: slog mor dub dorcha i. ... do démnaib, PH 8101. hi tégdais ... tenntige il-brein, 8297 . ¤brethach of many judgments, critical: an fhlaith ríoghdha il-bhreithech, RC xliii 280.z . il-geranach imchosaitech i., PH 8180. ¤bruthach very fiery: slog ... i. ... do démnaib, 8102 . ¤búadach of many victories, having many outstanding qualities: a nda sciath ailli ilbuadhacha, CF 295. conaca in tiprait ... n-ilbúadaig `endowed with many virtues,' Ériu iv 100 § 34. clanna ilbuadacha na hErend, Cog. 52.2 . gluaisis mac Ruaidhrí an ruathair iolbhuadhaigh, Aithd. D. 4 § 3. As an epithet : Oscar ilbuadhach, CF 786. ¤chaem very beautiful, possessing many charms: sluag ... il-bind i., YBL 163b17 . ilchenélach of many races: na hAdam-clainni ilcenealaichi, Cog. 166.6 . ilchenélaigthe peopled with many races: clanna ... na hErend ilcenelaigthi, 52.2 . ilchennach many-headed: in pheist irdairc úathmar i., LU 2429. pesti ... ilchennacha, RC xxviii 318 § 36. ¤chéolach of many melodies ?, very melodious ? : fail coll n-écsi n-ilcheólach ` music-haunted ,' Metr. Dinds. iii 286.24 . i nÉirinn ilcheolaigh, Aithd. D. 4 § 5. ag éisteacht ré hoirfideadh il-cheólach, TSh. 10916. uttering many complaints ? : a ilgeranach ... ilceolach ilbras, YBL 162a20 . ilchéolta : in fhailti ilceolta `many melodied,' RC xxviii 322 § 49. ilcherdach skilled in many crafts, very skilful, skilfully made: ionann iomorro ioldánach is ilcheardach, Keat. iii 666. ón mhúr ḟoirbhthe ilcheardach, TD 16 § 40. ilchessach : glic an éigse ilcheasach `of many problems,' Dánfhocail § 66. ilchíallda of many meanings: focail i., Content. v 43. ilchlannach having many descendants, having many divisions: clann .i. fodhail, ut est ro clui aicme ilclannaigh (v.l. ilclannach) `a tribe of many subdivisions languished,' O'Dav. 350 (? read he overthrew a tribe ...). go hAdhamh ... n-ilchlannach, MR 98.9 . possessed of many qualities or qualifications ? : iar n-urd eolais ilclandaigh, Leb. Cert. 236.7 . is ferr aicni ilclannach as a mbuaidh bretha berdar .i. asa mberar in brethemnus co buadach, O'Curry 2276 (< Eg. 88, fo. 20c ) = aiccnedh i., O'Curry 1610 (< 23 Q 6, p. 5b ). ilchlessach of many feats, of many tricks: an fear fionn iolchlesach, TBC-LL¹ 5466 (Stowe). Aengus ilclessach, Acall. 2732. a bil-[l]aburthach il-chlesach il-bras, PH 8181. ag aimsighthibh ilchleasacha an aidhbhirseóra, TSh. 10489. ¤chlóen very wily ? : as subst. : co Sencha mac Coscra, co ilcloin, Ériu i 116 § 5. ¤chodach ? : i. airchetail, IT iii 105 § 208. ¤chonda very wolfish, very fierce: cāinḟāel i. `ein ... vielgrimmer Wolf,' Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 25 (a) . ¤chossáitech very quarrelsome, much given to complaining: a ilgeranach, ilchossaidech, YBL 162a19 . ¤chráibthech very pious: betha Fharannain iolcraibtigh, Anecd. iii 1.5 . ¤chréchtnaighthe having many wounds ?, very badly wounded ?: cuirp ... ilcrechtnaigthe, LB 207a16 . dofuit ... M. ilcrectnaigte la hAicil, BB 439a21 . ¤chrothach very shapely ?, of many shapes, of varied beauty ? : ba hingen cumachtach i. hi (of Caer Ibormeith who had power to change into a bird), Aisl. Óeng. 19.7 . i mmag n-Árach n-i., Metr. Dinds. iv 28.46 . na heoin ailli il-chrothacha, KMMisc. 316.15 . i [bh]feidhm eolais ilchrothaigh, Leb. Cert. 236.3 . A common epithet of Juno : Iunaind ilcrothach, TTebe 2621 . in t-anmann ilchrothach-side (of Juno transforming herself into many shapes of animals) `this many-formed animal,' Stair Erc. 87. in rigan og alaind i., 929 . ¤chrúaid very hard: iombualadh ... iolchrúaidh, Atlantis iv 212.y . ildánach very gifted, skilled, accomplished, having many gifts or accomplishments (frequently used as subst.) : is amlaid bái in Dond Cualgni dubdond diumsach...illanach, IT iii 245.77 . ioldanach .i. duine lan d'ealadhnaibh no d'ilcheardaibh, O'Cl. Of the heads of crafts appointed by the ollamhs at the Feis of Eamhain ┐ the Feis of Cruachan to preside over the industries of the country : do gairthí ioldánaigh dona saoithibh-se. Ionann ... ioldánach is ilcheardach, Keat. iii 664 - 6 . tráighfidh muir ... go hiongantach ioldánach, DDána 29 § 6. fear ... ioldanach i lLaidin, AFM v 1584.9 . ioldánach `a jack-of-all-trades ,' O'R. As sobriquet of Lugh Lámhfada (cf. Samildánach) : ó armmuib in Illdhánaigh, Anecd. i 31 § 49. Superl. amail is illdanaighe dofuaramar according to the most expert knowledge we could find, BB 38a9 . ildathach many-coloured: co n-étaigib ildathachaib, TBFr. 36. in tuaig nimi n-illdathaig, SR 2628. cóeca ingen [n-]illdathach `arrayed in many colours,' SCC 803 (= LU 3980 ). meirgi ard ill-dathach, ML² 1181. barr i. in talman, O'Mulc. 201. a hearr iol-dathach (of a peacock), TSh. 2352. Name of a mythical country , as ā, f. : techt in-Ildathig i.e. nomen regionis, Imr. Brain § 24. ildathaigthe many-coloured: meic ... Israeil na thErend illataigthi, Cog. 160.18 . ildelbach having many shapes, adorned with many figures; beautiful ? : Emne i. fri rían, Imr. Brain § 19. amal cach scrin n-ildelbaig, SR 4212. issind dluim chruind ildealbhach `in the round, multiform cloud,' Ériu ii 108 § 22. in maccamh óg ildealbach, Acall. 1680. lēine il-delbach ōr-s[h]náith, ML² 1690. treabh na n-earradh n-ildealbhach `with varied vestures,' TD 21 § 26. saorchorn óir ildealbhaigh `of variously wrought gold,' 31 § 7 . ildelbda many-shaped: hilerda na n-anman n-án | is na n-i. ndermár creatures of varied shape, SR 310. ildionnach many-hued ? : don mhoigh eangbhláith i. (: Teamhrach), TD 24 § 37. ildírech : beas ill-danach, bid ill-direach he will have many fines (of one to whom because his honour-price is high, large fines are due for injury suffered), Laws v 108.12 . Aurard ilgradhach ildanach ildirech, Anecd. ii 65.6 . ¤ecairthe much adorned, adorned in various ways: cathbarr ... d'or alaind ilecairthi, TTebe 3205 . ilḟaebrach armed with many weapons: don druing fhuiligh iolfhaobhruigh ` sharp-sworded ,' Aithd. D. 3 § 17. ilḟoclach containing many words: in gach aen ebert ilfoclaig, Auraic. 1558. ilgáirdeach agreeable, pleasing: ru-s-taispein ē fēin go supailceach ilghairdeach dōib, Fl. Earls 38.x . ba lūthghāireach ilgairdeach lasin rīg ..., 222.25 . ¤geránach : a il-geranach `[thou soul] full of complaints,' PH 8180. ilgessach possessing many powers or enchantments: an líg n-ilgheasaigh n-áluinn ` many-virtued ,' TD 22a § 41 . ilgnéthech of many kinds: ilghnétheach, iolradh, eugsamhla ` Divers ,' Eg. Gl. 416. ilgnímach skilled in the performance of many deeds: uair nirb óc, rop i., Metr. Dinds. iii 242.12 . ind Aige ḟíal i., ii 66.8 . ilgnúisech ? : firmarius (read formarius) .i. ilghnuiseach ` many faced ,' Auraic. 811. ilgonach many-wounding: ardcomrac aigmeil i., CF 666. ilgothach many-voiced: re haltrom én [n]-ilgothach, Ériu i 39 § 3. ¤grádach very distinguished: Aurard ilgradhach ildanach ildirech, Anecd. ii 65.6 . As an epithet : Eicsi il-gradhach inghen Dána, 50.16 . ¤gránda very hideous, very ugly: led dhoirr n-iolghránna n-aidhbhsigh, Content. xxii 19 n . ilgrésach adorned with much ornamental work: chóig imlenda āilli ilgrēsacha `variously wrought,' Fianaig. 58.22 . fā Bera uasail ilghrēsaigh of varied accomplishments, ML² 578. ¤imda very numerous, manifold: ciarsat ailimda a clanna, Cog. 52.1 . deacair foghnamh do thoil dá thighearna | foghnamh iliomdha soin ..., Studies 1932, 140 § 1 . ilmaínech very wealthy, possessing varied treasures: Uisnech álainn iolmhaoinech, ZCP viii 221 § 44. don árus fhairsing ... iol-mhaoineach, TSh. 2729. ¤míanach very covetous: ní bad rannaire duit fer i. `a man of many desires,' Tec. Corm. § 34.4 . ¤níamach very splendid, very bright: na n-edaighi n-ilniamach, Stair Erc. 224. ilphíastach abounding in monsters: ar muir úathmuir ilpíastaigh, Anecd. i 32 § 57. glend aigméil, ilpiastach, uathmar, BNnÉ 131.17 . i gcarcair il-phiastaigh ifrinn, TSh. 802. goibél úathmhar ilphíasdach, IGT Decl. ex. 933. ¤rathach abounding in grace: it riched ilrathach, Fél. Ep. 466. ¤rechtach many-formed ? ; very frenzied ? : is i. in tí 'sa tuarascbáil, MU² 635. is and so cétríastartha im Choin Culaind co nderna úathbásách n-i. n-ingantach ... de, LU 6443. do-rinne fuath n-i. n-anaithnid de, Comp. CC 102.17 . To a woman who had changed appearance : is ilreachtach sin, a bean, ol in mac, RC xxiv 200 § 15. i Ráith ilreachtaigh Eochuill, TD 40 § 21. ilríanach : san éigse il-rianaigh `in the mazy land of poesy,' Content. xxii 14. ¤ṡínach with much bad-weather: gamh ilṡíonach, gaethach ` changeable ,' AFM ii 1100.12 . ¤tairthech very productive, very fertile: morthír ... iltairthech, SR 4702. ¤tríathach very lordly, very princely: mac Edlicon iltríathaig (v.l. imtriathaich) `head of many chiefs,' Metr. Dinds. iii 276.6 .

intliuchtach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. intliuchtach or dil.ie/28960

 

Forms: intle(a)chtach

adj o, ā (intliucht). Late Mid. and Mod. Ir. intle(a)chtach.

I intelligent, intellectual, ingenious, skilful: is tróg ni-forn-intliuchtach ye are not intelligent, SR 1238. do bi ainglidhe ó fhaicsin, ┐ indtlechtach o ecna, ZCP iii 568.3 . ba foirfe i ngach foghluim ba hinntleachtach i ngach ealadhain `ingenious in each art,' Ériu v 78.12 . do gabatar ... um na lebar-thēduib co haithnidh inntlechtach, ML² 684. gasta, glic, inntleachtach, expert, cunning, Eg. Gl. 358. misi an eagna ... do gheibhim amach éolus ar neithibh inntleachtacha, Proverbs viii 12. go ngāirdínip deigh-dēnmhacha inntleachtacha uisgemhla ingenious, Fl. Earls 72.9 . go ndā pālāss ro-onōracha arna suidiugadh go hinntleachtach, 78.z. go ndoctūiribh onōracha inntlechtacha, 180.13 . ro fuapretar na Grecai comuirli mbregaidh n-índtlechtaig iarna chul cunning , LL 406a34 .

II an intelligent man, a thinker: a coic cach lae d'ḟiss ... | dlegair do cach i.¤ five points of knowledge concerning each day which every intelligent man should know, SR 262. ecnaid derrscaightech amail Sholmain ... i.¤ amhra amail Aguistin, Lism. L. 3322.

? 1 lemna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 1 lemna or dil.ie/29879

 

ind amhra tuire, teóra l.¤, lethnaibh coraibh (of Colum Cille), ZCP viii 197 § 7.

molad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. molad or dil.ie/32490
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: molad, molath, molto, molta, moltai, mmoltu, molthu, molta, moltae

n u, m., vn. of molaid. n s. in molad , Wb. 8d22 . molath, Sg. 59b4 . g s. in molto , Ml. 126b18 . molta, 145c2 . n p. moltai, 115 b 4 . a p. tris na mmoltu , 115b2 . molthu (.i. molada T, .i. molta F), Hy. vi 17. LL 132b14 . g p. inna moltae , Ml. 122b9 .

(a) the act of praising; praise: gl. laudare, Ml. 53b13 , Sg. 59b4 ; psallere, Ml. 24a3 . moladh, gl. adulatio, Ir. Gl. 902. in m.¤ doínde human praise, Wb. 8d22 . m.¤ Dǽ, Ml. 24a4 . m.¤ Pátric, Fél. Nov. 27. fer certa fri m.¤ ┐ aír, Laws i 18.8 . dúan molta, LU 327. ind m.¤ ┐ ind nemeli no ferfad frisind rig, Mon. Tall. § 1. Cet mac Matach ria molod | ro la in cloich for Conchobar to win praise (?), LL 48b20 . bás meic Loeguire Lugdach | cen moltho thall na sund de | de forchu thrum thentide winning thereby praises neither in the world to come nor this world (?), 132b14 = gan molbhtha, AFM i 164.4 . íodhbhartha an mholta, Psalms cxvi 17. molta Dé the praises of God, TSh. 10264.

(b) a song of praise; a panegyric: gl. hymnus, Ml. 55b14 , 83b9 ; psalmus, 122b9 ; carmen, 115b4 . asbert Sechnall fri Pátraic: Ciachiuin dogen-sa molud duitsi?, Trip. 242.14 . ro fiarfaigh cach do Dallan . . . an raibe moladh aicce do C.C., BCC § 336. gonadh `amhra' ainm an molta, ib. doroine [David] tri coícait molta do Dia, PH 1092. canfa mé molta, 2 Samuel xxii 50.

(c) approbation, approval; decision, fiat (late): m.¤ druadh, Irish Texts ii 66 § 25. do mholadh hÍ Neill according to the decision of, ALC ii 242.26 . molumh [= moladh] Taidg I Ceallaigh ` adjudication ', Hy Maine 161.23 . This is possibly the orig. sense of the phrase: do m.¤ na hEclaise (= fortified by the rites of the Church): do lesaidh C.C. Becc do m.¤ na heclaisi, BCC § 129 (128.5) , cf. p. 106.22 . fuair bas do moladh De ┐ na heguilsi, Fl. Earls 238.24 .

(d) gramm. an adjective: ar mholadh ┐ ar fhocal, IGT Introd. § 19. re hucht . . . molta ┐ bfocuil, § 16.

suí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. suí or dil.ie/39179
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: súad, súid, saoidh, suid, súid, súid, súide, suithi, saithi, sūide, sūthiu, súadh, shúidib

n d, m. In later lang. also f., see Bergin, Ériu xi 140 . g s. súad, Críth G. 187 . d s súid (= suíd), Corm. Y 446 . a s. saoidh, DDána 121.26 . n. pl. suid, LL 29 table col. a . súid, PH 6993 . súid (disyll.), Fél. Ep. 81 (suide, súide, MSS.). súide, PH 3133 . suithi, Laws iv 226.3 . saithi, Auraic. 387 . a. pl. sūide, ACL iii 295 § 21 . sūthiu (suithi, v.l.), Cáin Ad. 28 . g. pl. suad (disyll.) Jn. Celt. Stud. iii 56 . súadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 324 . d. pl. shúidib, PH 2312 . IGT Introd. § 21 , § 153 , Decl. § 85 .

I

(a) man of learning, scholar, wise man, sage : sui slán creis Crist, ACC 72 ( RC xx 262 ). ro leg iar sein i Corcaig cor bo sui, Goid. 93.24 (Lib. Hymn.). súi diand Ériu inmall | Findbarr, Fél. Sept. 10 . súi slán sothnge suthain, Sept. 30 . cit súid nod-légat (suide, MSS.), Ep. 81 . súi co saidbri (of Dub Da Letha), SR 2363 . ar súi soi (of God), 2692 . bid súi bid fáid bid file, Three Hom. 40.3 . sái cech sochoisc, Tec. Corm. § 15.36 (cf. RC xlv 5 - 6 ) = súi coisc cach súi, RC xxvi 16 § 10 = is súi cech sothinchoisc slán, Ériu ix 48 § 23 . C., sui Connacht `chief doctor of Connaught', Laws i 22.13 Comm . Benignus . . . | an tsaoi úasal, ZCP i 66.138 . M. sui senad, Gorm. Nov. 2 . s.¤ no oghs.¤ . . . s.¤ .i. in léighind. oghsui .i. aighne frisninnle breithi, O'D. 633 - 4 ( H 3.17, 471 ). airechtain suad `a sage's finding', Auraic. 498 , 505 ( airec suadh, 2967 ). iar srethaib suadh, 553 . 'san Imagallaim in Da Suadh no in Da Tuarad, 4644 (see RC xxvi 8 ff . ). saí gl. scriba, Ir. Gl. 4 . a stuigen shuad, Corm. 36.17 . imun tugain suad bui ac Adna, Laws i 18.14 Comm . sgéla damh seólais an saí, IGT Decl. ex. 1618 . mór gcluicheadh riamh nach rug saoi, PBocht 1.30 . an tsaoi isin (= ┐ in) daoi, Cog. 204.20 . a mbēlaibh súadh ┐ seanchaidae, Feis Tighe Chonáin 324 . Mac Lochlaind . . . saii fial urdaircc aithesach, Ann. Conn. 1412.11 . As laudatory epithet: cia an saoi le síor-chur na sáir-cheast?, Keat. Poems 517 . Perh. prince, chief in: saoi (of Finn), Oss. iv 66.7 . gríobh i dtreasaibh, saoi chalma chródha `a noble', O'Rah. xxii 21 . do thuitsiod saoithe seana chieftains (?), ML² 1975 .

(b) More specifically head of a monastic or poetic school : in tshui no in t-espoc dia taisfentar na sailm `the doctor or bishop', Rule of Tallaght 62 (82.22) . prīmsúi, ZCP v 499 § 1 . midsūi . . . tiugsūi, ACL iii 308 § 31 . In legal contexts ranked after epscop, with a `dám' of twelve persons: arim túalang gabála[e] ríg nó epscuip nó shuad, Críth G. 187 . dám shuad dano di[b] ferib deacc, 602 . i ndail i mbi ri, no epscop, no sui, no uasal nemid sechip é, Laws ii 128.20 Comm . techta fuillema gill suad no tanaise, v 388.18 .i. in t-ollomh filedh, 21 Comm . Cf. 390.7 . each suad, 474.10 . immo flaithi . . . a n-epscopu ┐ a sūthiu (suithi, v.l.), Cáin Ad. 28 .

(c) Of biblical characters, etc.: Matha mac Alphín s.¤ Ebraidi, LU 2313 . do fhoglaim na tana berta in súi sair which a learned man had brought to the east, TBC-LL¹ p. liii 4 = do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach á hArdmacha, ACL iii 5.30 . súid ┐ airchindig in phopuil, PH 6993 . na tri saithe the three wise men (at birth of Christ), LB 262a54 . sgéala laoi an luain . . . | fuair an saoi (Jerome), DDána 29.2 . saoi glan as neamhghann im ní (Mary), 45.13 .

II Expert, master (in various specific arts, crafts, accomplishments):

(a) gabais eigsi corbo sui . . . ┐ luid co Scathaigh banfendig d'foglaim gaiscid corbo s.¤ . . . Gabais [druideacht] cor[bo] saī Ērenn, ZCP xiv 154.11 , 12 ; 155.3 . Of smiths: comba samalta ra tétaib órshnáid dar or n-indeona fo láim suad saincherda, LL 120a50 ( RC iii 177 ). déanta uile de chlocha buadha, | le lámha suadh, Oss. iv 258.24 . Of musicians: binnidir téta mendchrot aca seinm a llámaib shirshúad bindfhogur a gotha, TBC-LL¹ 210 . re foscad . . . na téd . . . 'ga tadall d'aigthib . . . eand ┐ ingen na suad 'gá sar-sheinm, MR 168.24 . Of poets. Not mentioned as a specific grade, though the phrase brosnacha súad is used of the metres to be learnt in the seventh year: is hí . . . fogluim na .uii. mad bliadna .i. brosnacha suad .i. bairdne na mbard, IT iii 39 § 32 . brosnacha súad (one of the .xii. ernail na filideachta), 31.21 . .xii. raind na filidechta . . . brosnacha suad . . . setnatha suad, 59 § 112 . See p. 113 - 15 , 117 , 121 . See also súada. In syll. verse: re saídhib Fer bFáil, IGT Verbs ex. 923 . le saoidhibh scol, L. Cl. A. B. 121.39 . adhbhar suadh . . . | ní mhair díobh, DDána 115.1 .

(b) With qualifying gen.: súi cech admait. conna rabi riam . . . goba bad fherr an expert maker of every kind of article, Irish Texts i 32.z . súi canóne (opp. to prímshuí) perh. teacher of doctrine or ecclesiastical law, ZCP v 499 § 1 . fer noeb ┐ súi chantairechta, ii 322.z . Dīancēcht .i. ainm do shúid leigis Ērend, Corm. Y 446 . sui cruitirechta an expert harper, AU ii 84.11 (cf. v.l.). sai litre . . . tanaisi suad litri . . . oc sai (= ócshaí) teacher of penmanship (?), Laws v 102.1 ff . suid littri, LL 29 table col. a. sui littri ┐ rí ruirech | is réim cosmail cóir, 29b25 . robo shai s[c]ribinn sciamglain, AU ii 246.5 . Colman Uamach .i. sai scribind Aird Macha `professor of writing', RC xvii 232.3 . Necódim sin,—sái rechta e-side, PH 3677 . ollam suad sairsi master mason (?), Laws v 112.19 .i. in saer daimliac ┐ durtaigi, 114.16 Comm . (= saeir, 92.22 ).

(c) Hence with nouns of more abstract meaning paragon (of), one noted (for): saoi aithrichce `a paragon of penance', AFM ii 1008.3 . sai brethemnais (Fintan), Fen. 98.19 . sai crabaid, 21 . sai gach dana, 20 . ? atá gné ar nach dáoi an dáoi rúadh | sáoi dhúadh é ┐ dáoi re dán, IGT Decl. ex. 1622 . ba sai ecnai, ba sai fhilidechta he (Dallán Forgaill), LB 238 c. 53 . sai eccna na nGaoidhel, Cog. 34.14 . sai enig ┐ engnama, Ann. Conn. 1251.6 . sai bfaitsine (Fintan), Fen. 98.23 . sai fesa, 23 . sai frecra . . . | soi gacha dala ar doman, 17 - 18 . sai legind, 19 . sai tredenais, 21 .

(d) With g s. of agent-nouns and other nouns indicating persons, etc. learned, expert, master or excellent, pre-eminent as under (b) and (c) supra: sáoi chinnfhedhna . . . do chendsugad a escarad an illustrious leader, ALC ii 272.5 . saí clerigh `learned cleric', BCC 106 (100.9) . fuireann d'ar saoithibh con excellent hounds, Oss. iv 22.6 . sói dhuine uassail an illustrious (learned?) gentleman, ALC ii 238.26 . S. súi epscoip, Gorm. June 26 . do rig ┐ epscop, ┐ aige rechta litre, ┐ suad (leg. suïd) filed forcan di cendaib forosna, Laws i 40.16 , QML xiii 8 . .i. in sui file da fursannadand . . . imad a sofesa . . . co ndenand rand can smuainedh, 42.35 Comm . ollam filed .i. sai filed, v 112.13 Comm . saoí fhir dhana, AFM iv 1206.17 . saoi fhir fhoghla, DDána 111.24 . saei gabonn a master smith, BCC 92 (86.13) . a shaoi leagha an leighis amhra (of Christ), DDána 13.5 . ollam suad saeir (= sairsi, 112.19 ), Laws v 92.22 .i. mad ollam ag a mbia saidecht na sairsi, 24 Comm . saí seanchadha, Leb. Cert. 236.16 .

(e) Similarly with nouns prec. by prepp.: sai mhna . . . ar gheanmnaigacht, Rawl. B 487, 11a21 . saoi ar eccna, ar chennsa, ┐ ar ailghine, AFM ii 1062.8 . amal asbert Fenius ba sai isna tri berlaibh, Auraic. 386 . ardshaoi Ereann i negna, AFM ii 818.11 . espoc ┐ sai a léighind, RC xviii 276.12 (Tig.). saoi lé deirc `a man distinguished for', AFM ii 1008.15 . ní saoi gach file lé fios, Studies 1924, 243 § 14 . Finn . . . fa hē in cūiged sái re gach sáircheird é he was one of the five masters in every excellent craft, Fianaig. 86.12 . adbur suadh re breithemhnus, AU ii 508.4 . sai re seinm, ALC ii 16.15 . slán dá saoithibh re héigse learned poets, Keat. Poems 16 .

In compds. suí- and súad-. With nouns. ¤abb learned abbot : robo suiabb (gloss on baí sab súithe cec dind), LU 659 ( ACC 26 ). ¤cheist: rí ó sloinntear gach saoicheisd abstruse question, DDána 25.13 . ¤epscop learned or pre-eminent bishop (?), Stud. Hib. xxviii 59-60 : docum Germain .i. saieascop na hEorpa uili, Lism. L. 212 . ? ¤gal: Dīa na ndúl dom dhīdin . . . | ar shāebhraidh, ar shúadghail (: úathmhair), ZCP x 348 § 9 . ¤liaig learned leech; master physician (?), Stud. Hib. xxviii 60 : corrancatar frisin suid-liag, Irish Texts i 10.27 . suag ogam (leg. suad-ogam), Auraic. 6149 , Studia Celtica Upsaliensia vi 179 . ¤ollam: oide suadhollamh bhfear bhFáil (Torna), TD 14.27 . ¤shoiscélaigid sage-evangelist: is ergna in súi ro siacht sliucht na cethri suishoscelaigthe, ACC 91 ( RC xx 270 ). With adj. derived from noun: an seancha suadhfhoclach, L. Cl. A. B. 37.10 .

1 taíden

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 taíden or dil.ie/39554

 

n ā, f.(?) Perh. vn. of do-fed, see Wortk. 187 and taídiu infra. Band, troop, company: toeden .i. taitnem nó buidhen nó tinnrem no sluagh nó techt nó drem, ut est Hipolitus martir | ba mirbuil a toidhen, O'Dav. 1581 = Fél. Aug. 13 . toiden .i. buiden, H 3.18, 541 ( O'Curry 1304 ). taidhean, no taoidhean .i. buidhean, O'Cl. do Adamnán Iae | assa tóidlech tóiden (: ṅGóidel), Fél. Sept. 23 . slóged lebar ṅÉrenn, | asa trebar tóiden, Ep. 142 = Thr. Ir. Gl. 139 s.v. sloigedh. la mórṡlúagad lígmar | Parméni, tromm tóiden, Jul. 7 (but see O'Dav. 1578 ). ? tarb túamann 'nar taídenn `the paddock bull in our herd' (taoidhinn, v.l., but :Oírenn), Metr. Dinds. iv 198.26 . adbath dino an dam sin ó thoidin mná Futae `this stag was killed by the troop of the wife of Fuat,' 302.21 = oc toidhin mna fuada, ZCP iii 241.29 . R. rí reraig hErind | co taedenaib, LL 23a12 = R. r. ro gab heirind | iar taedeanaib (`after conflicts (or troubles)'), Oss. v 264.6 . ciad e (cia de ?) as dilsiu doib for dhomun | ind a (in da ?) taedin | dia n-anmnigud in a n-atreb | Scuitt no Gaedil, Todd Nenn. 222.14 . go ros gonsat Gaoidil gnithe | gun taedhin tre thuaichle (con taidhin, BB 34a14 , cen toīdin, ZCP xiii 364.3 ) glossed co ro ghonsat buidhne gniomacha Gaoidheal íad, Leb. Gab.(i) 176.14 . do gab teimhel treb taidhen (: aídhedh) `darkness has come into the abode of companies,' BCC 220.11 . mac tighearnain na taoighean, Top. Poems 54.21 .

Meaning doubtful in: ricfaidh huile do bar tirib toirt[h]ech taédhen (: aenfer), Anecd. i 63 § 115 . doluid an cleirech glaisliath clot[h]ach taidhen (: Gaidheal), 70 § 173. a dó dég calainn ceolach December diana toiden | ín erbailt amhra airibh Aodh Ailigh airdrigh Gaoidheal, AFM i 524.8 .

tinnabrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tinnabrad or dil.ie/40876

 

n o, m. IGT Decl. § 11 . act of falling asleep: rucc [rogrād] mo lī, nī lōr a dath | nīmlēcci do tindabrad, Ériu ii 15.z . nir leic in taidbsi atconnairc tindabrad dó, RC xxiii 418.24 . nir leicced lochad no tatham no t.¤ d'oenduine, CCath. 4359 . gan tionnabhradh, trúagh an feidhm, ZCP viii 224.2 . ba t.¤ troch do Congal in codla sin, MR 168.y . seacht mbliadhna on mhairt a Muigh Rath | nochar chotlus tinneabradh, BS 38.8 . ni thig tinneabhradh na toirrchim ar mo shuilibh, 132.22 . do rinne se in fhaire gan t.¤ codla, Maund. 131 . v.l. feadh tionnabhraidh sluaigh fa seach | giollanraidh each ag buain bhoth, IGT Decl. ex. 473 . lá éigin d'éis tionnabhraidh ... do chí amhra n-iongontaigh, TD 24.22 . nach beag truime a tionnabhraidh, DDána 21a.4 . an chríoch thuaidh 'n a tionnubhradh, Aithd. D. 21.1 . atá mé im shuan do shunnradh | a Dhé is truagh an tionnubhradh, Dán Dé xvii 4 . ní roleicceadh tathamh ná tionnabradh ... do na Spáinneachaibh, Hugh Roe 294.25 . gan sgíoth gan tathamh gan tionnabhradh, TSh. 6695.

1 tuire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tuire or dil.ie/42377

 

n (a) a pillar: tuiri tren diriuch do lar | ... | fon drumshlait, SR 4273 . turi di ór intlassi, LU 7421 ( BDD 100 ).

(b) In phrase t.¤ rígthige (lit. pillar of a palace) applied to a spear: turre rígthige i llāim cach fir, TBC-I¹ 17 = LU 4500 . tuiri rīgthaigi ina lāim, TBC-I¹ 3356 . turi rigthaige co ndeilb lágin móir uassae, LU 7213 ( BDD 87 ). in turi rigthigi ... is í a láginsom sin, LU 7225 ( BDD 89 ).

(c) Of persons lord, chief: ri fo tat huili na sloíg | iss hé ar t.¤ dergoir, SR 3838 . amhra t.¤ ... | Columb Cille, ZCP viii 197 § 7 . ropom t.¤ tend `I was a stiff lord (?),' PRIA xix 550 § 35 ( LL 147a ). See 1 tuir.