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amlabar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amlabar or dil.ie/3140

Forms: a., amlabra

adj (labar) dumb, mute: a.¤ gl. mutus, Ml. 49b1 . amlabra gl. muta, 42c6 . imfolngai són a.¤ inní frissarater, 42c4 . mad huaicniud bes a.¤ , 59a12 . dunaib anmandib amlabrib, 55d25 . o a.¤ gl. a muto i.e. from the word `mutus', Sg. 37b22 . mutus .i. a.¤ , Auraic. 469 . mutus, amlapar .i. ainm do mnai bailph, 2934 (YBL). mutus .i. amlobar, Lec. Gl. 218 . bodor ┐ a.¤ , SR 7634 . buidir amlabair a mmathair ┐ a n-athair, LL 13355 . anmanna amlabra in usci, BColm. 16 § 13 . idail . . . ámlabra, PH 731 . amlabhar .i. balbh, O'Cl. As subst.: in ta.¤ án, Fél. June 20 . ? na oinmit, na ambil, na amlobair, O'Dav. 293 . a thenga [do thabhairt] do amhlabhar, AFM iv 936.2 .

amlabra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amlabra or dil.ie/3141

n ( amlabar ) dumbness: ita i n-amlabra on uair atchualaidh tonngar na dilenn, Anecd. ii 3.4 = Airne F. 71 . ícaid an mac do dhoilli ┐ [an ingen] do amhlobhrai, BNnÉ 16 § 24 .

angar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. angar or dil.ie/3621

adj = 2 ingor (see Celtica iii 228 f. ): cenn mil angair dasachtaigh savage , O'Curry 1715 ( 23 Q 6, 17b ). As subst.: ar a.¤, ar éconn, ar essconn, Triads 235 . trí[ar] ná ditoing . . . ben, a.¤, amlabar , 159 . a.¤ .i. mac ionghar, p. 40 .

1 bechta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bechta or dil.ie/5531

Appar. vbl. of necess. from root *beg (cf. 2 taithmechta). See -becht. In phr. ní b.¤ ní tochta to be established by evidence (?); capable of proof, sustainable by testimony (?): is amlabar cach cumscas (glossed: indsci) na fri fiadna fedair farnan bechtæ nan tochtae (nantochtaeich, MS., ? leg. tochtai, ed.) `stumm ist jede Aussage (?), die nicht mit Zeugen gemacht wird über was nicht sicher, nicht beschworen (zu beschwören ?) ist', Bürgschaft 20 § 60 ; read fornád bechtai (`a verbal of necessity') na tochtai, Binchy, Celtica v 81 , 82 . flaith tochta na b.¤ (glossed: toinges for an ceile ni na bethaiget fiadain, na senchaide), Laws v 358.7 . ni b.¤ ni tochta .i. nocha nfastann luighi in inbaid na fuil tuarustal acht a luigh aonar, O'Curry 2239 ( Eg. 88, 17ba ). fear ro ith meirle cia dobera tuarasdal rechtge, ni b.¤, ni tochta, O'Curry 2596 ( Eg. 88, 50b ).

bodar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bodar or dil.ie/6275

Forms: buidir, bodhar

( GOI § 119 )

I Adj. o, ā deaf: buidir gl. surda (aure), Ml. 38c15 . amal nathracha bodra gl. sicut aspides surdae, Tur. 11. bodhar (boghar, MS.) gl. surdus, Ir. Gl. 604. b.¤ .i. a pudore , Corm. Y 165. O'Mulc. 163. buidir amlabair a mmathair ┐ a n-athair, LL 13355 ( RC viii 52.4 ). co ro-shlanaigead a mac dall b.¤ amlabar , PH 1319. co n-adrad na hidla bódra, 967 . aroli daill, aroli buidir ┐ baccaig, 2491 . do shlanaigh se daine boghra, Smaointe B. Chr. 1914. i ndíol . . . na ndée mbodhar mbalbh do chor ar gcúl, TSh. 6085. Fig. ba-sa bodhar foglime i findfocluib fis, ZCP xii 365.19 . bodra forcetail `deaf to instruction' (of women), Tec. Corm. § 16.67 . nirba bodur (bodhar, boghar, bouthar, etc., MSS.) frit guidi `be not deaf to prayer to thee', Ériu i 199.5 . ris an droing do bheir cluas bhoghar do ghuth ┐ do ghairm Dé `who give a deaf ear to', Donlevy 218.20 .

Of sound indistinct (?); rough, grating (?): ní hinnte ata an guth bodhar `a confused tone' (a harp), Manners and Customs iii 357 n.405 . is bogar in fogur bís aigi (= rauce sonat), Rosa Angl. 74.23 . Of mist: tre chiachaib bodra brena buaidirthi dim (?), TTebe 597 .

II As subst. o, m., ā f. deaf person: trí buidir in betha: robud do throich, airchisecht fri faigdech, cosc mná báithe do drúis `deaf ones', Triads 83 . Ri cos tuctha da galar / bodor ┐ amlabar , SR 7634. oc ic dall ┐ bacach ┐ b.¤ `healing the blind . . . and deaf', Trip. 174.2 . do-s-bera . . . etsecht do bodruib, PH 2270. im dingbail mic . . . di buidir (.i. in ben bodur, 140.33 Comm. ), Laws i 124.21 . In n. loc. i nGlind na mbodur, Laws i 1.4 .

Compds. tainic . . . ┐ a tri bodharbheicedha ass three deafening cries (Sjoestedt), RC xliii 78.16 . i richt bratáin bodair-chinn, Rawl. B 512, 98b (cited Contribb. 234 ). Síol Eoghain gan áird 's an Tál-fhuil bodharchlaoidhte `stricken dumb' (Gloss.), Keat. Poems 47. bodurfuamann compur na triath ┐ na trenfer ic tuitim `confused sounds', CCath. 5940. bodharghuth lag laoigh dull cry (of lowing of a calf), Measgra D. 5.17 . bodharghuth `a deafening voice', P. O'C. a Domhnaill . . . bodhurghruganaigh bodhurmedlanaigh harsh and surly (?), IT iii 98 § 160. a bodarshāith d'usci na Sábrainde `his fill of the muddy water of the Lee', MacCongl. 17.24 . do bodarusci, 19.11 .

buidre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. buidre or dil.ie/7378

Forms: buidhre, bura

n , f. (bodar) deafness: is gnath do neuch bes amlabar b.¤ , Ml. 59a12 . co fis a ndaille ┐ a mb.¤ , Laws v 156 n. 5 (Comm.). pairilis ┐ b.¤ , RC xii 334 § 25. buidhre = surditas, 23 K 42 , 48.15 . bura (sic), O'Curry 1191 (H. 3.18, 474a). b.¤ fri daescarsluag, LL 343c21 `turning a deaf ear to the mob', Contribb. 289.

cumscas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cumscas or dil.ie/13896

Forms: cummasc

n is amlabar cach c.¤ (.i. cach indscni), Bürgschaft 20 § 60 . Leg. cummasc ?

dall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dall or dil.ie/14393
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dáll, dald, dall, dull, dall, daill, dalla, daill, dalla, dullu, dulla, dallu, dalla, dailliu, daille, dall, daille

adj o-ā, often dáll, sometimes dald ; dall (: and) LL 52 a 4 f.b . d s. m. dull, dall (dáll), f. daill. n p. m. dalla (adj.), daill (subst.). a p. dalla (adj.) ; dullu, dulla, dallu ( LB 212 a 31 ), dalla (subst.)—COMP. dailliu, mod. daille. For etymology and Gaul. cognates, see Holder 1216 , Stud. Hib. xix 42 .

I (Totally) blind. dall .i. tall a talpa , O'Mulc. 343 . dall a talpa no disell .i. cen tsuile quia est sell .i. suil, Corm. Tr. 58 . haec talpa luch dall, Ir. Gl. 249 . mac dall, IT i 39. 14 , 21 . gur bhen a rusca dé gur roibhe dall, Cóir Anm. 29 . ┐ dall clairínech éisidhe, MacCarthy 408. 8 . innistear go raibe Isáac tré arsaidhacht dall, TSh. 258. 1 . ar mbeith dall dho, ib. 22. 31 ; 255. 12 . ní feas di í féin do bheith dall, ib. 258. 8 . amlaid rogénair side ó máthair ┐ sé dall, PH 2288 (cf. 811 ). guidis...coro ṡlánaiged a mac dall bodar amlabar , ib. 1319 . voc. a hídail daill amlabair cen guth cen lámu cen cossa, ib. 1367 (cf. 1294 ). pl. uair nachdat dee...acht hídail dalla amlabra, ib. 1141 .—cless dond cless dall cless néoin FB 24 (l. 24) ; cf. dall-chless. METAPH. dalla dagairle blind to good advice Tec. Corm. 16 (l. 68) . fégad cechaen uaib nárob dall ┐ narob baccach hé iar mbésaib, PH 4666. 4671 . osa dáll a chride berid diabul leis ina eolas fén he, ib. 7755 . is dall gan radharc me soillsig meólas, Midnight court 812 . Ignorant : dobhí sé dall aineolach i dteangaidh na tíre, Keat. i 42.60 . Unprofitable : gart dall, KMMisc. 174. 18 .

II Dark, gloomy : abardall .i. abditum et dall, O'Mulc. 7 (cf. abra .i. dorcha, O'Dav. 27 ). uch in adaig dorcha dall, Add. 30. 512 , 34 b ( ACL iii 233. 7 ). ifernn...dubh dall, Lib. Flav. ii 51 a 2 . 17 . fot aidche daille dube, LL 193 b 57 . i nEgept daill, SR (Greene) 3951 . daire dall, SR 6355 . ise sin gan diamair daill : domarbh Diarmaid mac Cerbhaill, SG 72. 25 . croithis dóib dairbre ndall, IT i 108. 4 . Cf. dallcheó a thick mist: ní ro ráthaighsiot ní lá dallciach na maidne muiche, AFM vi 1936.24 . ar snaidm a cor | in dallciach do chrích Mumon, Ériu iv 226.10 . buailis an curach dá ḟleisg dhraoidheachta gur ḟág fa dhallchiach é, Each. Iol. 43.16 . METAPH. obscure, difficult to read ; dull (in sound). bíodh a ḟios ag gach aon...gurab í cíall ḟíre na taoibhe daille so don taoibh amuigh don leabhar, ALC i 6 n. deilm dub dall, LL 143 b 28 . is dall erund mani écestar dún doléir, Ériu ii 104 § 14 . is d.¤ erunn a ḟis, 124 § 65 . ib. 122 § 62 . unjustified, false (of a charge) : dall adbur noferai formsa it is a false charge you bring against me RC xiv 243. 15 . Cf. dalltaidbsiu do dóinib, LL 123 a 11 .

III o, m. and ā, f. ( Laws i 124. 22 ). A blind person. hic cecus .a. um. dall, Ir. Gl. 623 . hic cecus dall, ib. 427 . im dingbail mic...di claim di chaich di daill di anbobracht, Laws i 124. 22 ; ib. 140. 5 f.b. buidir ┐ daill durscartad co fis a ndaille ┐ a mbuidre, ib. v 156, n. 5 . dligid dalla dídin ZCP vi 261. 11 f.b. luid dald arachenn Patraic, Trip. 132. 3 . conid don dúll dorala techt sis, IT i 39. 18 . deccra daill, Metr. Dinds. iii 372. 95 ( LL 158 a 48 ). bennachais in dall clarenech co mba slána a da ṡúil, Lat. Lives 86. 3 . nírab dall ic tuus daill, ACL iii 318. 12 (cf. LB 261 a 65 ). dall a cinn daill, Lib. Flav. ii 16 a 1 . 5 f.b. nóṡlánaigedh dulla ┐ claṁa ┐ bacacha, RC xxvii 302 § 76 . an dall, gnioṁa an daill, Eg. 142 p. 170 . isé dorat a rusca don dull, PH 2287 . doralatar dóib dá dhall ar or na sliged, ib. 4409 . atconnarcsa daill ┐ baccaig...do ṡlánugud dó, ib. 2182 . daill buidir ┐ baccaig, ib. 2491 ; cf. 4399 . 4414 . 4592 . roíccais clamu ┐ dallu, ib. 1357 . roairchis Ísu dona dallaib, ib. 4416 ; cf. 2270 . 2296 . 2591 . 4413 . 4532 . 4649 . hícc clam ┐ dall, ib. 1734 . comus ṡIánaigti dall, ib. 2088 . siubhalfaidh aṁail dallaibh, TSh. 255. 14 . amal dallu nád faicet ní, LB 212 a 31 . dáll, ib. 33 .—am dáll ruccad mesi I was born blind PH 2785 , cf. duine dorugadh na dhall, Donlevy 438. 17 . mar doleighis Críost an dall, TSh. 6. 26 .

LOC. Áth Ferta in Daill, Metr. Dinds. iii 308. 63 . rotadhaill...do thigh an filidh Muiredhaigh Lesa an Doill AFM iii 178. 16 .

IV Darkness, obscurity : ni fuille forru dall ná doirche, Laws ii 272. 13 . amail dobur ndubchiach nó amail dall fedha (sic leg.) i foghamhar, CCath. 5666 . doradtsat na naeiṁ...dall ciach ettorra ┐ in slogh, RC xxvii 298. 18 . la dall ciach na camháire, Hugh Roe 62 . amal phupall bís im dall, LL 52 a 51 . Cf. mod. dubh ┐ dall na hoidhche, Dinneen .

MOD. dall, adj. and subst.: tá sé nár bhfágaint dall he is leaving us as wise as we were Seanch. 35 . ba dhall ésin ara ngaedhlainn that man was ignorant of Irish. Compar. daille (pronounced duille).

galar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. galar or dil.ie/25293
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: galur, gallra, galara, cenngalar, diangalur

n o, n. later m. IGT Decl. § 17.14 .

(a) sickness, disease, physical pain : n s. galar n-eclis `gastric disease,' Wb. 29a26 . fogeir anggalar (= a ngalar) in uile corp the disease inflames, Camb. Hom. ( Thes. ii 246.1 ). g s. tórmach galir, Wb. 29a24 . do íc a galair, Ml. 23c9 . Laws v 296.15 . d s. iar na galar, Wb. 12b11 . galur, Laws v 260.3 . a s. slān cen neim cen galar, Hy. v 39 . Thes. ii 249.7 . g p. honaib coscaib inna ngalar, Ml. 111b26 . a p. ar galra, Thes. ii 359.6 . gallra, Laws v 352.19 . galara, SR 8377 . uchan do galur nomgeib, SCC 29 ( LU 3572 ). mac mna i ngalar, Laws v 198.6 , with gl. .i. serg, 200.21 . sláetan trommgalair, IT i 121.15 . galar a báis, RC xxv 398.13 . g.¤ bais a fatal illness, MS. Mat. 530.10 . galar a hega d'a gabail, AU ii 474.18 . AFM i 256.7 . i ngalor dofhulachtu, PH 8049 . galair ifirn the pains of hell, Aisl. Tond. 95.z . galar cuntabartach, O'D. 1691 ( H 5.15, 30 col. 2 ). fodera gallra ┐ aincesa, Laws v 352.19 . Cf. galar .i. gnáthach ┐ aincis .i. ingnathach, O'Dav. 1049 . na galara no na tegmanna, Laws v 482.17 gl. g s. as attrib. sick, diseased : dond fir galir, Mon. Tall. § 65 . lubra galair, RC x 186.2 . torruma aesa galair, PH 6001 . In Laws freq. of diseases of animals : bo co ngalur, Laws v 260.3 . ainmide n-galair, ZCP iv 390.5 . buaile galair an infected booley, O'Curry 2341 - 2 ( Eg. 88, f. 26 (27)c ). g.¤ bunaid ... g.¤ tecmaisech (of cattle) organic disease ... a chance (or passing) ailment, O'D. 1691 ( H 5.15, 31a ). cessair-galar `a plague of hail,' RC ii 398.22 . cenngalar (gl. dolor capitis), Wb. 17d25 . canir ... im du chenn ar chenngalar (sic leg.), Thes. ii 249.1 . nach cend co cendgalar, Irish Texts i 10.25 . diangalur (gl. langor), Gild. Lor. 258 . g.¤ brec smallpox : teidm galair bric, AU ii 442.6 = AFM iii 536.9 . g.¤ bronn abdominal disease, SG 248.3 . ar in ngalar mbuidhe 'jaundice' Celtica ii 84 § 25 . Cf. bronn-g.¤ g.¤ dercc the red sickness, erysipelas (?) : romain ... ar in ng.¤ ndercc, Ériu iv 236 § 4 . g.¤ fuail urinary disease, Thes. ii 248.10 , 11 ; 250.13 . IT i 103.2 . AFM iv 1164.16 . g.¤ gluin[e] gl. scia[tica ?], ACL i 337.131 . galar gnáth 'a chronic illness', Giolla Brighde 42 § 9 . galar na lepta, Celtica ii 40 § 27 . g.¤ medóin intestinal disease : do galur medóin, SR 4158 . Cf. BB 241a52 . d'écc do galar medhóin, AFM iv 1254.5 . g.¤ míostai catamenia, Mon. Tall. § 14 . Ériu vii 150 passim. O'Curry 1828 (RIA, 23 Q 6, 47b ). galar na mban, Irish Texts v 66.1 . galar na n-ech disease in chest of horses: tic an siled sin on glondras uair ann ┐ uair ele o galur na n-ech … annsa cliab bis galar na n-ech, Celtica xvii 116 § 12 . do galar na n-ech, ┐ is amlaid bis mur galar na lepta ar dainib, ii 40 § 27 . g.¤ Póil epilepsy : epilinnsia .i. g.¤ Poil, O'Dav. 1508 . in g.¤ Poil .i. duine cuithigh, 1524 . g.¤ na ríg King's evil, scrofula : in duine ara mbi galur na righ, Irish Texts v 5 § 5 . g.¤ rígin (some kind of skin-disease in cattle) : boár .i. sgamach nó maolgarb no galur righín, O'Dav. 291 . g.¤ na seilgi disease of the spleen, ACL i 337.139 . g.¤ na sliged some kind of seizure (?) : dá mbeith ar buile, nó i ngalar na sligheadh, i gcruth go gcuirfeadh cubhar tar a bheul, Eochairsg. 125.32 . g.¤ súla opthalmia, Ir. Gl. 281 . cia ra bhaoi C. i ngalar súla, TFrag. 118.2 . in galar súl, SG 248.4 . g.¤ tuitmech epilepsy , Maund. 55 , Celtica ii 75 § 21 , 81 § 10 . A sick person: rī cos' tuctha dā galar, | bodor ocus amlabar; | ... ro-das hīcc isind cenúair 'the King to whom two sick men were brought, one deaf and one dumb; ... he healed them immediately', SR (Greene) 7633 .​​

(b) In wider sense damage to inanimate objects : ised is g.¤ bunuidh d'aite óir nó airgit crechadh no loscadh, O'D. 705 ( H 3.17, c.516 ). dia mba é in g.¤ bunaidh nosbera is ioc na fiach, ib.

(c) mental suffering, distress, grief : amal as már a galar de, Ml. 40b9 . du thormuch galair to increase grief, 61c3 . i n-ælscud ┐ i ngalar mór, 56b26 . uch uch á De, is trom in galar beith i n-écmais inna fírcharat, Laud 460, 54a . ach interiecht galair, H 2.16, c. 90 . ba g.¤ leoside nach doib ... dorala, RC ii 388.13 . mór ṅgúr ṅg.¤ `much of sore grief,' Fél. Nov. 16 , Fél. Sep. 11 . co ngalur cride ┐ menman, PH 4987 . Marco P. 127 . ba g.¤ la hIunaind, Aen. 210 . Ériu viii 14.1 . ni chumgaim ni duit ... acht a g.¤ ocum namma I can do naught for thee save grieve for it, RC xxv 34.17 . cloimeadh (leg. cloidheam) galair na cuma ... do sgoilt ... mo chraidhi a sword of sorrow hath pierced my heart, Lib. Flav. ii 7ra32 . bá g.¤ menman lá hUa nDomhnaill ... Goill ... do thocht, AFM vi 1930.10 .

1 gein

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gein or dil.ie/25530
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: geinim, genim, geine, gene, gainithir

n n. neut., later f. n s. gein n-im[m]arbaga, BDD 106 . gein n-angbaigh, Anecd. i 65 § 131 . gein engraicichthe, Sg. 198b8 . g s. in gene, Wb. 28c12 . in mórgeine, LU 4722 . d s. geinim, Ml. 59a12 ; 85b11 . genim, Ériu ii 222.27 . n p. na geine , Trip.² 950 . gene, Fél. Feb. 26 . Vn. of gainithir.

(a) In abstract sense birth (as beginning of life, distinguished fr. `compert' conception, `breth' parturition): g ein maicc hua athair, Ml. 85b11 . a gein iar ndoinacht, 17d10 . foraithmet gene Crist, Thes. ii 253.4 (St. Missal). amlabar ... ho geinim dumb from birth, Ml. 59a12 . a chompert-som ┐ a gein, RC ix 452.8 ( LU 1648 ). maircc do ghein do gheineamain, xxxvii 345.4 . o gein tuissech Etaini, IT i 131.9 . for óenlíth ... gene Tarcellorum, Fél. Feb. 26 . sollamain na gene coimdeta, PH 6923 . mac oen-geni only-begotten , PH 2086 . a mac prim-geni first-born , 6917 . tusmiudh aicenta geine .i. mac sceo ingean o mnai, Auraic. 626 . a gein ón óig cen dith n-óige i m-breith (of Christ), Ériu ii 198.18 . Specifically of the Nativity: i n-aidchi in gene, Wb. 28c12 . iar naifreann na geine, BNnÉ 108 § 35 . hi bliadhain na geine, RC xviii 380.14 (Tig.). With cognate verb, dun genim rongenairsom, Ml. 85b11 . Fig. origin (of things or actions): gein engraicichthe (= origo substitutionis), Sg. 198b8 , cf. origenistum .i. bunadgein, 181a4 . iss ed gein n-im[m]arbaga fil la firu Herend a source of contention, BDD 106.

(b) the act of procreation: in crand fa rabadur ac denum na gene (of Adam and Eve), D IV 2 42vb43 .

(c) In concrete sense that which is born, an infant, a person (esp. common in poetry): ní segar baithis acht menip dóig bes marb in gein when it is thought the infant will die, Ériu ii 208.z . rogénair in gein, iv 138.7 . ni rubai for talmain gein bad gáithiu, 24 § 10 . na gigne gein gabas gnimrada cutrumma ... rut-sa, TBC-LL¹ 4015 . maith tra in gen ro compred and .i. Áed Slane, LU 4263 . maith a ṅgein con-compred and .i. Fíacha Mulletha(i)n mac Éogain, CMMucr. 50 § 41 . la hAilill gein ṁbúada, Fél. Prol. 178 . in gein ba huallchu fo nim the being that was proudest under heaven, Metr. Dinds. ii 36.12 . ba garg in gein ... ingen Rotmand, iii 160.1 . do imgabāil in mōrgene | immadich Mag Muirthemne, TBC-I¹ 240 . nach bí gein ag gabháil a n-oighreachta dá n-éis, TSh. 4305 . ro tusmit geni torotharda imda isin Roim, CCath. 891 . With defining gen.: rucustar gein meic, Acall. 544 . gein mhínaluinn ... mic, Ériu v 80.30 . Of the foetus: in gein fil it brú, Trip. 78.24 . adroethuig ... in n-gein bui ina bruinn, IT i 139.29 . dá fuirghe do ghein gan a breith, SG 18.28 . marbhad a geine, Laws i 180.12 Comm. Transf. of a pupil or disciple (?): gen[e] .i. deíscipuil, ut est saeru mo gene maoi, O'Dav. 1034.

(d) Gramm.

(1) Used of shared parts or properties of a lánamain deme (two non-neuter nouns which are themselves the parts or properties of a neuter noun): it é sin na deme thepide ┐ na lánamna demi ┐ a ngeni-side 'these are the derived neuters and the pairs of a neuter and their derivations', Auraic.² 49 § 3.14 . almnæ ┐ ecsait lanamnai in gluini. cnaim ┐ feoil a ngeni-side, Auraic. 1854 . géin ón lanamain, Auraic. 5080 (Trefhocul) . See Authorities and Adaptations 43-51.

(2) Used in the Auraicept of Ogam accent signs, the three kinds `forsail,' `dinin disail' and `arnin' being termed respectively `gein forchomélta,' `gein decométa' and `gein frecométa (frithchometa),' 5006 seq. See also geinddae and compds. of 4 prím- and óen.

imm-folngai, imm-foilngi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imm-folngai, imm-foilngi or dil.ie/27844
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: imfolngi, imme-folngi, imfolngai, n-immolngai, -imuilngend, imfolngar, imfolangar, n-immolngaithær, immefolṅget, immefolngat, imfolnget, rimfolṅgar, imfolngaesiu, imforlainge, immefolnga, immefolngither, immafolṅget, immefolnged, arna-himfoilnged, imfolangide, imfolngitis, imfolnguba, imimforlaingis, imforlaing, imforling, immoforling, imforlinged, dianimforlainged, immeforlaingthea, immedorlig, imoilg, immoroilged, imfuilgnes, imfuilnged, imḟulaing, imfuling, imḟolang

v indic. pres. s. 3 imfolngi, Wb. 4d32 . imme-folngi, Ml. 81c14 . imfolngai, Ml. 42c4 . co n-immolngai , Sg. 199a5 . -imuilngend, Bechbretha 54 § 10 gl. b . pass. imfolngar, Ml. 31d10 . imfolangar, 122c5 . dia n-immolngaithær , Sg. 3a2 . pl. 3 immefolṅget, Wb. 12a19 . immefolngat, 5d1 . Thes. ii 33.23 , Sg. 3a11 . Ml. 47b7 . ní imfolnget , Ml. 78d8 . Subj. pres. s. 1 (perf.) arna rimfolṅgar , Wb. 10c14 (or perhaps subj. pass. sg. (perf.), see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 569 ). s. 2 imfolngaesiu gl. efficeris, Ml. 43a20 . With ro: con imforlainge , 78a8 . s. 3 immefolnga, 27d20 . Pass. sg. immefolngither, Ml. 23c5 . pl. 3 immafolṅget, Wb. 25c10 . subj. past s. 3 immefolnged, Ml. 95a5 . arna-himfoilnged, Mon. Tall. 145.1 . pass. arna imfolangide , Ml. 88b15 . pl. 3 na imfolngitis , Ml. 38a7 . fut. s. 3 imfolnguba, 142b3 . perf. s. 2 imimforlaingis se, 38d18 . s. 3 imforlaing, 61b4 . imforling, Wb. 5b21 . immoforling, 10a18 . pass. s. imforlinged, Wb. 15b21 . dianimforlainged, Ml. 69d4 . pl. immeforlaingthea gl. quae ... effecta erant, 63b6 .

Pret. forms without -n-: s. 3 immedorlig gl. exinaniuit autem sé .i. humiliauit, ZCP vii 484.2 (Enchir. Aug.). roimoilgestar gl. aridralastar, Thes. ii 346.23 . conar imoilg , Aen. 2329. pass. immoroilged, Ériu ii 102 § 11.

As simple vb. i-stem.: indic. pres. s. 3 imfuilgnes, Fél. 146.17 . impf. s. 3 no imfuilnged , LB 128a3 . perf. s. 3 ro imḟulaing , IT ii 468.93 . ro imfuling , PH 3430. Vn. imḟolang.

(a) causes, produces, makes, effects: imfolngi in tristitia sin salutem `worketh,' Wb. 16b10 . imfolngi corp dosom `he makes to him a body,' 9d8 . imfolngai són amlabar inní frissarater `that makes dumb ...,' Ml. 42c4 . issed immeḟolṅgai a ḟorbairt `'tis this that causes it to grow,' Sg. 128b3 . gniid side co n-immolṅgai side cesad fuiri sidi `it acts so as to cause passion on it,' 199a5 . imforling hícc a mbeicc rochreti `it has wrought the salvation of the few,' Wb. 5b21 . is rad dée immumforling conda apstal `it is God's grace which has caused me to be an apostle,' 13b6 . it he immefolngat a thristimchel deacc `it is they that constitute its thirteenth circuit,' Thes. ii 33.23 . ata dechor immefolṅgat tria n-emnad `there is a difference which they produce by doubling them,' Sg. 3a11 . teistiu int síl immefolangar tri chomaccubur `the emission of the seed which is produced by concupiscence,' Ml. 71c6 . imimforlaingisse promthe trisna fochaidi `thou hast made me proved through afflictions·', 38d18 . imfolngar gním di suidib `a deed is effected from them,' Ml. 31d10 . a folad dia n-immolṅgaithær vox `the substance from which vox is produced,' Sg. 3a2 . is amlaid tregdas rinn na fergai in anmain co n-imfolngai bās do suidiu, ZCP iii 26.28 . cid imfuilnges sin a thrógnait what is the cause of that, thou poor thing?, Fél. 146.17 . ma folo neach trog diaraile .i. ma dia nimfuilge neach in trog sin dia cheile, O'Curry 1879 (< 23 P 3, fo. 21 (23)b ). adhband trīrech imefuilnge gol, Corm. Y 721. arnahimfoilnged imned dó ind roítu `lest excessive thirst should cause him suffering,' Mon. Tall. 145.1 . a nathraig ro-imfuling bás do nathrachaib na ṅdruad, PH 3430. rimfhulaing imut in eisc sadbrius mor dond lucht aca raba comus ind inbir, RC xlvi 234.14 . roiarfaig Gerg do drui ... cid ro imḟulaiṅg in gaéth sin, IT iii 468.93 . is do cruthugad in domain immoroilged la essergi Críst `of the formation of the world which has been effected by Christ's Resurrection,' Ériu ii 102 § 11.

(b) supports, sustains: ni fuilgend nech cin araile .i. noch nimfuilginn nech cina nech eile acht a cina foden, Laws i 282.35 Comm. is e biad uais dligthec imfhuilnges in taen bis don chined `food ... which sustains one who is of the tribe,' ii 234.11 Comm. infean cach bes siu ocus anall, infoilngead ime indric atarru samlaid `they sustain a lawful fence between them,' Laws iv 138.18 . co n-imfuilngither in eric `that the eric may be sustained,' O'Dav. 153. imfoilng[i] .i. imnertad ut est imfuilngi guth i folachtaibh toibh `thou supportest a voice,' 1094 . frisin tuirid cloiche no imfuilnged in tech, LB 128a3 . is e biad nosimfuilnged .i. bleid mila muridhi, YBL 84a22 . long imfuilnghes seol `a ship that carries a sail,' RC xxiv 377.5 . nī imfhuilngess dronga móra do na Rōmānchaibh what supports, Fl. Earls 182.12 .

2 ingor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ingor or dil.ie/28693
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: n-I.

adj o, ā undutiful, unfilial, impious: rop smachtaid coisc cáich mbes i.¤ `to check everyone that may be undutiful,' Tec. Corm. § 6.42 . cuirídh neimh for ttengadh fair, for mac n-i.¤ , AFM i 508.5 . do aos ionghair na ndart romtháir `impious,' Ó Bruad. ii 140.3 . pn As epithet : for Āed n-I. (i.e. Āed Oirdnide, high-king A.D. 793), ZCP xii 234 § 47. Compar. ní ba hingaire nech aile día mathar-macne oldás .i. do Connachtaib `no child will be less pious' (of Conall Cernach), Cóir Anm. 251.

mac ingor freq. in Laws in sense of a son who fails to comply with the duty to maintain his parents in old age; cf. macc úar, Ériu xlvii 197 : foceird a athair mac ingor a horba, ocus foceird a orba fri nech do gni a gaire `the father flings his unfilial son out of the land, and gives the inheritance to another who supplies his maintenance,' (transltd. Atk., Glossary s.v. ingor), Laws iii 52.17 . gach mac beoathur ... .i. mac gor ocus mac i.¤ , ii 288.x Comm. leath catu caich dia mnai, no dia gormac ... cethraimthi a eniclainni dia mac ingoir, v 70.x Comm. in mac saerleicthi, ocus in mac i.¤ `to the emancipated son, or the disobedient son,' i 90.16 Comm.

As subst. an impious person, an undutiful person: ar chuingid inna soinmech i mbiat ind ingoir `because of seeking the prosperity in which the impious are,' Ml. 56b15 . med brithemnachtae dae hua ndamnither int i.¤ gl. qua deprimitur impius, 57d8 . á ingru `ye impious,' 76c1 . iar céssad la hingru `at the hands of impious men,' Fél. May 23. hi comairli na pecduch no ina hingoir (inaniggair, v.l.), Hib. Min. 470. trí[ar] ná ditoing ná fortongar : ben, angar, amlabar `a son who does not support his father,' Triads § 159. In abstr. sense impiety (?): is ed imme-folngi ír ┐ ingar ┐ debaith i cach tegdais 'this it is that causes anger, impiety (?), and discord in every dwelling' Ériu xx 170.98 .

Maín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Maín or dil.ie/31346

Forms: Maín

npr. m. Name of Morand's fosterer: Main cerd, YBL 139a47 . Mǽn a ainm-síde, cerd ind ríg, ZCP xii 273.24 . Morand is called mac Maein, Corm. Y 37 , m.¤ Main, 863 (where the name is otherwise expld.). Morann mac Maoin, Keat. ii 3658 ; see also IT iii 188 fg., ZCP xi 72. The orig. name of Labraid Loingsech, King of Ireland, also called L. Maín, who is said in legend to have been dumb (maen) in his boyhood. Móen Ollam: amlabar side dano co mho fer mór, ZCP iii 3.22 = Maín, 6.3 . Maín ollom-som i tossaig, Labraid Móen iar sin, 8.22 . Labraidh Maén, Cóir Anm. 175. Loingsech móen (the same individual), Metr. Dinds. ii 50. Cf. Keat. ii p. 162 fg. Máon mac Etna (name of a poet), Corm. Y 883 = Mæn m. Edaine, Corm. p. 30.

óinmit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. óinmit or dil.ie/33680
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: óinmite, óinmhid, áinmhid, oinmit

n ī ( Ériu xiii 150 ), f. (Teutonic loan-word through Cymric, cf. W ynfyd, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 21 or *ón + *menti-, Ériu xiii 150 ) g s. óinmite (but ōnmith, ZCP viii 309.3 , used of a man). óinmhid áinmhid (f., g s. n p. -i), IGT Dec. § 13.26 .

A fool , used of both sexes but chiefly of men (in Laws ii 44 z - 46.4 oinmit `a woman fool' is distinguished from on `a man fool', but the text is uncertain; see on); apparently a natural or half-witted person who might nevertheless possess considerable shrewdness and intuition or even occasionally inspiration. The óinmit seems to have been sometimes employed as a professional jester or entertainer; in the list of the 26 recognized social grades or callings in Laws iv 344.1 follg. the óinmit stands twenty-second in order. In later lit. the word denotes in general a simple or foolish person.

druth .i. oinmit, Corm. Y 472. onmit .i. mūit-omna .i. amlabar ┐ baeth, 1029 (an etym. gloss; all exx. show that the ó.¤ was not dumb). oinmhit .i. mer nó baeth, IT iii 276 (6) . oinmid, gl. sot[t]us, Ir. Gl. 512. cor druith .i. fer-oinmit, Laws i 52.31 . oinmit: fer miter im drochmnai co ndentar mear, iv 352.28 (an etym. gl.?). Curnan onmit, LU 2959 (described as having prophetic powers). primóinmid Erenn . . . intí Comgan ┐ fer lán do thuicsiu ┐ do rath in spirutano ím . . . in tan no bid C. for ceill no berad breatha fíru d'feraib in beatha. . . . In tan ba hóinmid immorro tiagadh na muire ┐ na huisci cosaib tirmaib, Ériu v 20.5 follg. ata espoc lend [ = linn] ┐ is oen-oinmit fer nErenn, 28.2 . Róimid rig-ónmit . . . ónmit Conchobair, LL 267a41 = MU 36.6 (described as a negro, carrying a bronze wand and bell and making entertain- ment for the king's household). bátar na ónmite 'co cluchiu, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 4 § 4 (of household of Conchobar m. Nessa). oc admolad Guaire ┐ a aesa dāna .i. . . . na fileada ┐ na segunna ┐ na druthu ┐ na hoinmiti, Ériu v 26 y . ónmid bandalta, ZCP viii 308.31 (of Conall or Corc m. Lugdach, see Cóir Anm. 54 and Keat. ii p. 384 ). do mallaigh Colum C. Conall . . . ┐ dorinde se oinmid gan cheill gan cuimhne de, BCC § 326 (of Conall Clocach son of Aed m. Ainmire, cf. ZCP viii 298.20 and x 48.17 ). nir mhiadh lasan righ dalta oinmhide do bheith aige to have an idiot as a foster-son, MR 274.24 . óinmhid . . . dá nach tug [Dia] céill nó creideamh, Dán Dé xxv 16. d'oin- mhidibh nó d'amadánaibh (persons excluded from sacra- ment), Eochairsg. 121.3 . Of a joker or punster: nach dtai- thighinn im chleasaidhe nó im óinbhid | i n-aimsir bainse nó cóisreach, Hackett xxvi 124. Of women: sóifid rodruine i n-ónmite ┐ athchessa `fools and harlots', RC xxvi 42 § 220. na hóinmhide (the foolish virgins), Matthew xxv 8.

Of an animal: ónmit na himmirgi (of the Dond Cuailnge), IT iii 246.94 ( LL 247a19 ).

1 ráith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ráith or dil.ie/34769
Last Revised: 2019

in phrase de (do) ráith.

I As nominal prep. folld. by gen., in place of, instead of, on behalf of, passing into sense for the sake of, on account of. raith nó do raith .i. ar son, O'Cl. is di ráith dée dobeir dígail fort, gl. Dei minister est, vindex in iram, Wb. 6a14 . asrir in sinnach n-allaid | do ráith a aithig she gave the wild fox for her vassal , Hy. v 61 ( Thes. ii 342.2 , glossed: dar cend in truaig, ib. 24 ), cf. 87 . ba hord . . . na téged in rí fein isin cath, acht a thuarcnid flatha dia ráith, ZCP viii 317.20 . luid . . . do raith a hathar, ib. 21 . aingeal . . . no mheiled do raith Coluim Cille (i.e. used to do C.'s share of the grinding), Lism. L. 851 , cf. 4100 . adber[ta]tar ba herlum leo techt cum bais da raith Alaxandir they were ready to die in place of A. , IT ii2 103.34 ( BB 497a26 ). am ráth-sa dia rāith-sium nodgéba I am surety for (the salvation of) him who shall sing it , Fél. Ep. 165 . is aire dagníthea in cluchi sein accu-sum do ráith anma a carat for the benefit of their friends' souls , LL 241a18 ( TTr. 1806 ). gach aen gebhus paiter do raith a anma, AU ii 406.19 . canadh Aue Maria do raith anma gach aoin, Fl. Earls 154 z ; cf. 212.12 , 216 z , Cog. 82.8 , ITS xix 14.9 , Hugh Roe 326.7 (f. 84b) . dognithe firta . . . di raith in chind do beth ocai by virtue of possession of the head , PH 945 . go ttiocfa do rath bhar mbeannachd . . . go mbeith ola na ccrann-so 'na leighes in virtue (as a result) of your blessing , Parrth. Anma Preface . ? uaim do rinn .i. corob do rinn na cethramthan do raith araile, IT iii 30.2 (cf. ZCP vi 263.2 ), i.e. so that the final word of the quatrain may correspond to (alliterate with) the first word of the next? (see definition IT iii 121 ).

II As adv. the sense is not clear; oft. translated at once, straightway, also altogether, completely , a rendering borne out by the gloss in H 3.18 p. 534 : do raith .i. uile, two citations being given as illustrations, from Metr. Dinds. i 14.22 and BDD 63 (both given below). The meaning altogether, completely, entirely or downright seems applicable in nearly all follg. exx.

bae [dígal] deithbir do ráith | dirain for deichtreib dimbláith, SR 6545 . ní rag-sa co ndecha mo aigidecht dí ráith isind aidchi-se innocht ( my entire guesting, rations ?), LU 6987 ( BDD 63 ), where Stokes translates at once (but in vocab. gratis). ben forcurtar i cathuir, na foccuir co ndichet do raith, Laws v 272.6 (text); `a woman who is forced . . . who does not scream out until he has just escaped' ( until he gets clean away ?). ní cluintir din gárbthóraind sin acht lánbec do ráith, LU 2072 ( FA 14 ) = acht bec nammá, LB (cf. Anglo-Ir. `very little entirely'). Conchobar ann . . . ina charpat ┐ Dectiri a siur ara belaib do raith, IT i 136.22 ; Gwynn, Metr. Dinds. i 62 suggests `together'; perh. right in front of him. Scotta . . . Fial . . . Odba, Díl da iṅgin Miled | dia síl ros-rimed do raith (: cáich), LL 137a43 ( RC xlvii 293.16 , `O. and D. are numbered among his seed first of all'); passage enumerates the Milesian women ; they all are numbered among his seed ? Buirech focheird uad do ráith | dar in múr, Metr. Dinds. ii 84.49 (`straightway'; right over the wall ?). is inde atá . . . coimgned, comamserad cáich, | cech ríg diaraile do ráith, Metr. Dinds. i 14.22 ; `in it [the Saltair Temrach] is set down . . . the correlation . . . of each king one with another together '; in full, in entirety ? ba gním do raith a ndognith (: tráig), Fianaig. 30.23 ; `whatever he did was an instantaneous deed'; a deed entirely, out and out ? a Dún Tulcha tíar do ráith, Ériu iv 150 § 30 ; `in the west away'; right in the west (extreme limit, oppd. to Lebáin `Lebanon' in follg. line)? gen g[u] roisim tossach do raith, nachum-legid fo deiridh `though we do not get quite the first place', Aen. 1007 . Cf. also citat. from Trip. 44 at end of article. i nEriccó, dia torcratar do raith secnt múir na cathrach ┐ dia ro benad in t-ochtmad múr, PH 8014 ( had fallen altogether, entirely ? Gwynn, Metr. Dinds. i 62 , suggests together ). cia . . . nách greisfider im dénum maithiusa . . . acht in tí mí-imerthar do ráith ón bethaid daenna? (= nisi qui vita humana decipitur), 4658 ; altogether, wholly ? coro miscnigea na drochdoíne . . . ┐ corusindarba do raith as a [fh]laithius, 4192 ; `at once', Atk.; altogether ? (The physician amputates a limb) ar dáig . . .narub guasacht báis don duine mine tesctar do raith on churp in ball sin, 4225 . ni frith la Connachtaib . . . laech a thairisme hi comromaib, ar roba lesc leo a marbad do ráith, Hib. Min. 55 § 17 ; `they were loath to be slain on the spot'; to be slain outright or to be all slain ? coros-anaic T. . . . in tan ro fuabair in cathmilidh a dilgend do ráith, TTr.² 732 ; `just when . . . had begun to destroy him'; when . . . was about to destroy him utterly ? dorónta múir móra . . . immon Troí . . . Dorónta fochlói ┐ rátha móra impe do ráith, ib. 197 ; `first of all (?)', Stokes; right (completely) round it ? dorochratar a ndis ar lár . . . ro marbadh do raith Tiopraite ┐ ro bai ainim i nDonnchadh, BNnÉ 32 § 47 ; `T. was slain at once'; outright ? an creach do breith docum Atha S. ┐ a marbadh ann do raith, idon .cccc. bo, AU iii 350.7 ; `the prey . . . was killed there straightway'; wholly, the entire number ? mūiti . . . onni as mutus .i. amlabar; ni airsinni batis amlabar di raith, air itat a fhoghuir intib `not because they would be speechless (i.e. soundless) altogether ', Auraic. 470 . airdibdad . . . for sailig ┐ for ferna . . . .i. orro dibdudh .i. a mbricht ass di raith `their becoming deleted altogether', 1282 . taobomna die dtogaiph h cend conad marbh do raith, a consonant with which h appears, so that it expires (becomes soundless) completely ?, 4463 , cf. 1408 and ZCP xvii 289 .

Following a neg., seems used to make the negation absolute: ro radi frisin ben blāith: `na tabair laim frim do rāith', SR 3182 ; do not lay hand on me at all ? ma thecait Ulaid ind, ní thechiub-sa da ráith itir, TBC-LL¹ 5020 ; `werde ich nicht auf der Stelle fliehen', Wind.; I will not run away at all ? dessetar a buiden impe. Act ci atberam-ni and so, ni destetar de ráith itir, acht a ṅglúini fri lár doib, 5199 ; but though we say `sat down', they did not sit at all but only knelt ? Cf. 5096 . ní ṡloind senchas . . . mna na rríg rigda do ráith history does not mention the wives of the [above] royal kings at all ? LL 141b17 ( RC xlvii 314.26 ).

The follg. expression is obscure: ró fergaigestar in rí fri P. ┐ dochuaid do raith leis a marbad, Trip. 44.28 (= voluit eum occidere, Lat. Lives 7.4 ; `wished (?) at once to kill him ', Stokes); same phrase occurs 58.28 ( Lat. Lives 12.1 ); do ráith is glossed: do lathair in both exx. in ACL iii 14.23 , 16.32 . The subj. of dochuaid is evidently the vn.; perh. went (agreed) with him ( suited his inclinations) entirely ? cf. BDD 63 . Cf. further: Rumial limm do ráith | os cind cáich co cert, KMMisc. 255 § 13 ; ib. § 10 ; Ráphíal do ráith riumm, 254 § 5 ; where the sense may be ( may) R. (be) with me altogether.