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díl

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díl or dil.ie/16367
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: díol, d.

[u, m.]. vn. of 1 do-lá. díol m., IGT Decl. § 95 .

I Legal act of discharging, taking the place of (?): mana-hatmaiter fri ní itir is a dá comgrád do dil de ┐ neach diambidh logh enech in cunnra, da dil don feichemuin; no cethri comgrádh da dil dibh a ndis (i.e. if a surety is not acknowledged he must be discharged or replaced by two persons of his own standing and one person whose `lóg enech' is equal to the contract; or alternatively these two must be replaced by four of their standing), Bürgschaft 44 . na fiadhain dligthecha . . . acht mana bet a da comgrad do díol díbh, O'D. 671 ( H 3.17 491b ). sena iar naititin . . . is a da comgrad do dil de nar aititniged dó two persons of his own standing are required to discharge him from the amount for which he was acknowledged as surety (?), O'Curry 316 - 17 ( H 3.18 174b ). gialla gabhala dia dil dia mbe tuarasndal bansgal (i.e. as female testimony is not sufficient in itself a `giall gabála' is required in addition), Cáin Ad. § 53 (see Bürgschaft 44 n. 3 ). Hence: do liud fiadnaise . . . .i. do dil a fiadnaise, Laws i 138.22 Comm. Cf. díol .i. diultadh (B. na f.), ZCP v 485 . In phr. díl ┐ séna: feich cin dil cin tsena fully acknowledged (substantiated) debts (?), Laws v 310.13 . muna be for diul ┐ sena, i 276.29 . iii 326.12 . ? Cf. is and fogéba do mnaí | cen d.¤ séna fo ṡóergnaí, Metr. Dinds. iii 354.78 .

II General senses.

(a) requital, recompense, retribution; atonement, reparation: in tan ata dil in cinaigh isin rob fein `when the beast itself is value sufficient to pay for the damage', Laws iv 88.12 Comm. nochan fuil dil in cinaid aga do setaib, i 110.18 Comm. ca dil raghus ar in duine ina chinta? a marbhadh ina cinta comraite, O'D. 550 ( H 3.17 col. 437 ). cen d.¤ (.i. cen biathad) daimi rissi, RC xx 158 § 8(ACC) .i. cen dil oegidechta in scelaige, ib. dom-bér i nd.¤ do mac ind ríg romarbus `I will give myself in forfeit', xiii 462 § 67 . a ndíol a ndearrna mise d'ulc . . . marbh-sa me, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40.x . carnn in chotaig sin la cách | cen nach ṅd.¤ cocaid co bráth | eter chlainn laind Labain lóir | ┐ clanna I. retaliation (?), SR 3042 . go bráth bud é mo díol de | techt tar sgél in chloideimse requital , SG 252.27 . a banscál, bid maith do d.¤ | fogeba nem cen anfīr, YBL 314b16 . triasin apstal doberair in d.¤-sa foirn, PH 2161 . cenmothat a oeigid ┐ cech oen dia mbói dil uad amach to whom he was under an obligation (?), LB 130b47 . seacht bpeacaidh dhleaghmuid do dhíol `we must atone for', Dán Dé xxxi 33 . leanum Crist co carthanach, | denum dil dar ndroch-ceirdibh, Lib. Flav. i 33ra9 . ní díol liom a los m' ḟola | ingreim fer mo chognoma I deem it not a fitting recompense, O'Gr. Cat. 463.7 . i ndíol mo sgeóil, TD 25.23 . ní ṡirfid fós díol 'na ndearna | síol bhF. ar an bhfaghuilsin, 16.31 . go dtiobhradh díol ar gach dán `a reward ', 8.22 . na fuighbittís díol fiach ina ffaltanas badh ferr a better satisfaction of their grudges, AFM vi 2080.8 . dream ar nach díol a ndearmad a fitting requital, Content. xxix 22 . saidhbhreas . . . an tsaoghail do dháil dó i ndíol Rachel .i. ghlóire nimhe, TSh. 9964 . ós é an bás is díol ┐ is tuilleamh i n-íoc an pheacaidh, 1539 . rainn díola dom dhán do Dhia verses offered in requital (?), A. Ó Dálaigh v 1 . i ndíol a ndearna mise do dhochar do Ch., Keat. ii 3201 . i ndíol a ṡáruighthe, iii 1403 . do bheir Día rath beg saoghalta . . . dona drochdhaoinibh a ndiol na maithesa bige do righneadair, Luc. Fid. 37.13 . ionnas go ttugadh [Críost] diol cert do Dhia san aindligheadh tugadar ar sinnser . . . dho, Luc. Fid. 44.6 .

(b) satisfaction, sufficiency; act of satisfying (a debt), paying; act of entertaining (poets, mendicants, etc.): cách aca nd.¤ riam a mbrugh | idir hécis is ollumh, Anecd. i 29 § 32 (v.l.). oc dīl occorso do chēli Dē, Ériu i 46.2 . mos-luadat . . . do d.¤ a n-itad co Boinn, Dinds. 16 . gan d.¤ a ṡainti, MR 250.18 . ag diol a bhfiach `paying their dues', KMMisc. 50 . coire . . . | 'na mbeith diol seacht gcéad d'fulacht, Duan. F. i 62 § 20 . smuaintighid nach bidh a ndiol aimsiri acu, 3 C 19, 70vb21 . nach roib agamsa don duine d.¤ fíach re tabairt tar cenn a anma, 3 B 22, 33b15 . legar fiuchadh doibh . . . no gomad diol bherbhthi in ptisan `sufficiently boiled', 3 C 19, 139a30 . do bhéaruinn duid do dhíol saidhbhris, A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 12 . ag caithem a ndila dona toirtibh, BCC § 355d . tareis na mboct do dil `after the poor had been satisfied', § 78 . cidh sámh leis an sódh . . . is doiligh leis bheith agá dhíol paying for it, TSh. 3606 . ní raibhi acht begán fiach orra féin ré ná ndíol, Mac Aingil 447.10 . teach do dhenom . . . do N. . . . do díol dámh Éreann `for the entertainment of the learned men', AFM iv 706.y . an breithemhnas aithridhe . . . do ghabháil chuige go toltanach ┐ a rún do beith aige a dhíol an tan fhedfas to fulfil, Ó Héodhusa 212.2 . a d.¤ coimhéta, ZCP vi 296.17 .

(c) treatment, handling: ge fūarais ūaind | onōir dalta . . . rab olc | ar ndīl ort arnat oilemain, ACL iii 235 § 30 . ag fechain an díla do-bera se ar an féin gach lai, CF 429 . gár bheag croidhe an Ríogh do roinn | 's gach díol oile [dar] fhuloing, Dán Dé xx 26 . an díol do-bheirid na crumha ar an gcolainn, TSh. 3884 . as bocht mo dhiol agad, Luc. Fid. 288.1 . Note also: a cor ar d.¤ maith `put to a good use' (of riches), PH 7751 .

(d) equal; complement; fitting object, warrant, guarantee; what is fitting or worthy (folld. by gen. or DO, rarely I N-): connach fail . . . dó dúal na do d.¤ ri gail na ra gaisced there is none to equal thee, TBC-LL¹ 3792 . ní mó ná díol mo ghaisgidh-se im' aonar atá ionntaibh they are not more than my single-handed valour can cope with, CRR 72.6 . gan a dhiol d'fhilidh induind a poet worthy of him, ZCP ii 351.z . co dtuc leis iat (sc. logs of timber) fóna ndíol taobán `with their complement of rafters', SG 292.25 . caogaid laoch . . . cona ndíol do mhnáib, 268.10 . ben díola degduine `fit for a gentleman', 142.4 (attrib. gs.). díol fuatha flaithes Eirenn `a mark for hatred', 469.13 . dil cach fedna 'na fearaib `his men worthy of any host', Hy Fiach. 212.1 . diol a bainne do soithidhibh vessels enough for her milk, BNnÉ 10 n. 16 . fil bur ndiol do ab sunn `a fitting abbot', 7 § 21 . tri ced bó . . . cona ndioll capall `with a proportionate number of horses', ALC ii 366.3 . a chuirp . . . | tú fa ríor nochar mhúin meise | dúinn gion gur díol treise thú though thou wert no guarantee of strength to me (?) Dán Dé xix 9 . na mná dhíobh ba díol tola | ní hiad anosa is annsa, Dánta Gr. 6 § 3 . díol san cheathrarsoin `the match of those four', TD 32.6 . ní díol síothchána síol gConaill no warrant for pacification, 16.4 . gé tharla a díol uirre d'uaislibh (sc. uille an ríogh) `its due of nobles', 11.26 . lór le fear má fuair do bhriathar, | beag 'na dheaghaidh do dhíol port `what place thou choose (?)', 29.18 (whatever you may say?). as sinn ios mó dho dhíol trúaighe dona huile dháoinibh, 1 Corinth. xv 19 . is maith an díol smachtuighthe é a proper subject for correction, TSh. 3478 . fá Dhia do dhéanamh a dhíola féin dá chréatúir `what pleases Him' (Gloss.), 8595 . ní feas do neoch an díol grádha nó fuatha é féin, 1155 (nemo scit an odio an amore dignus sit). a dhíol d'oidhre `an heir worthy of him', AFM v 1568.y . ni diol fochmhuide Dia, Luc. Fid. 278 . geall díola do chléir a warrant for rewarding poets, Ó Bruad. ii 128.21 . ris aní se . . . do chríochnughadh mar is díol as is fitting, TSh. 32 (for dual?).

(e) lot, fate: luadfet ed rígi cach ríg—is d.¤ firi na fer fíal the true fate, LL 32a48 . truag in garg-dīl rognīd and | for ingin ardríg hErend (of a princess burnt to death), LL 192b28 . on lo ro tilgedh ar in muir iad ni fes a ndil o thoin alle, KMMisc. 318.27 . Murchertach . . . | re ceithri mbliadhan fichet; | a cleitech cāidh, a dīl de (sic leg.) | ro bāidh fín, ro loisc tene, MacCarthy 410.y . do chuadar a ndrochdilaibh, 410.2 . olc d.¤ i torchair mac Duind, Metr. Dinds. iii 150.9 . ferr do d.¤ innáit sin uile .i. missi do tharrachtain duit, Acall. 4597 . nír ḟeadadar a dhiol na a dhiach, Hy Fiach. 38.16 . gan chodladh . . . | gan chobhair . . . | as doraidh mo dhíol, BS § 19 . dil in Aeda sin . . . indesat duib, Fen. 72.3 . ? biaidh tú it aoinmhnaoi agamsa. —Ní hagam féin atá mo dhíol, ar ise, acht agam oide, Keat. ii 4727 .

(f) end, destruction: d.¤ a uerbo deleo ┐ deleo mortifico , O'Mulc. 345 . díol .i. críoch, O'Cl. dia mbera breith fír for sein | ni bia d.¤ for th'airmitein, SR 3320 = erchra, LB 116a2 . bithaittreb péne . . . cen nach ṅd.¤ etir (of Hell), LL 281a19 (= crich, LU 1405 ). truag in garg-dil rogníd and | for ingin ard-rig hErend 'woe for the violent fate that was then contrived for the High King of Erin's daughter' Metr. Dinds. iv 328.39 , Peritia xvi 228 .

See díla.

dímór

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dímór or dil.ie/16559

 

Forms: dímhór, Dímóir

adj (mór) vast, huge, great (of size, extent, and in fig. sense; often implying notion of dread or awe): mac Dé dimór, SR 2334 . Dia d.¤ , ZCP v 24 . rí direcra dímor, Acall. 5872 . in drúi dimór, LL 152b27 . aitheach mor dubh . . . dimhor, RC xiv 54 . il-lurg a daltai dímóir, LL 153a31 . bantrocht dían dērach d.¤ , 275b47 . mulchnoc d.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 2600 . claideb dub dímár, BDD 137 . iman aes ndana ndíomhár, Leb. Gab.(i) 284 . atciam buidin ndímoir, MR 76 . 'san drochbhliadhain díomhóir in the year of mighty evil, 10 . fótrond fairrci dimóre, FB 85 . ferg dicra dimor, Cog. 188 . dorat in ben seirc ndimóir dósom (= nimio amore ), Lat. Lives p. 79 . slóig dímóra, FA 24 . amal daracho dímora, Aen. 187 . dā dūncladh dímóra, CCath. 1747 . Of number or quantity folld. by partitive (cf. similar use of mór): romarb d.¤ dib, PH 7227 . Adv.: réil asperar | nád celar co dímhór , ZCP x 343 . As n.pr. m.: Cathach . . . ingen Dímóir , TFerbe 161 .

2 fúath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 fúath or dil.ie/24716

 

n u, m. (late development of 1 úath `horror'). Cf. 1 fúath (u, m.) IGT Decl. § 95 . Hatred, abhorrence. is aire ... dogairthe Uathach di side uair feoil lenam doberthe di co tabraitis na lenaim fuath di, LL 316c48 . tugsad fuath d'ḟailghibh `gave up' Aithd. D. 23.20 . ní thiubhra fuath d'éinní, TSh. 8056 . cion an fhuatha (one of the capital sins), Dán Dé xxxi 38 . diol grádha nó fuatha = an odio an amore dignus sit (cf. Ecclesiastes ix 1 ) TSh. 1155 . spioraid an fhuatha, Párl. na mB. 962 (= s. na fuatha, 3006 ). dúisgidh an f.¤ imreasuin, Proverbs x 12 . With obj. gen.: méad a ḟuatha ag ógbhaidh danar the hatred of the foreigners for him TD 16.47 . ... gé do chuir | a fhuath fá aicme Chellaigh `inspired C.'s race with hatred for [i.e. great discontent with] him' O'Gr. Cat. 365 ( Aithd. D. p. 36 ). f.¤ agallmha dislike of mere talk ZCP ii 349.26 . With DO: coimhéid do dhúthracht do Dia ┐ t'fh.¤ do chách (= odium) TSh. 3536 . a chnuic ..., f.¤ dot oirear im inntinn, Gofraidh Fionn, DDána p. 192 . IS F.¤ LIMM I hate: bá f.¤ le hArt mac C. é, ó romharbh sé dá brathair Airt, Cóir Anm. 167 , Keat. ii 4190 . (See another explanation s.v. 1 fúath). gach ní budh f.¤ lé, TSh. 6511 . grādh Taidg leis nach f.¤ sind who does not hate us (a litotes) ZCP viii 222 § 5 . Cf. lā sīde sin ... la firu Erenn ┐ ni bī neach a ḟuath [ = i bhf.] a chēili and `none is at enmity' Ériu xii 144.29 .

See 1 úath.

? Compds. fuathnél: fuathnell foirtchide a lowering cloud YBL 309b40 ( MR 240 ) (= 1 úath horror, dread ?). ¤redgach o-ā furious: fiadmil fuathréadgach fomórda fairgi, YBL 310b4 ( MR 248 ) (see redg, redgach).

ind-reith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ind-reith or dil.ie/28528

 

Forms: indir-, indred-, indrad-, indraith-, inréith, inreith, inr, ním-indrisit, -set, inrestais, -inr, inrorad-su, inroraid, ro-innraith, in-rorthetar, ro-inraetar, indraither, indrisse, indrissi, indrid, innres, indrit, n-ionnrar, no-ínrifed, indeir, ros-indre, -inder, indrastair, ra-tas-indrisem, ro-indirset, innrudar, innredset, iondradhset, ionnrattar, n-innrether, -indraithfither, hindredh, indertha, in-reith, inroraid, inré, inndrisib

v In Mid. and Mod. Ir. generally treated like an i- verb with stem indir-. Occasionally the stem is indred-, indrad- or indraith-. indic. pres. s. 3 inréith, inreith, Ml. 48d3 , 19d13 . subj. pres. s. 3 inr, Ml. 134d1 . p. 3 ním-indrisit, ZCP vi 258.7 (leg. -set). subj. past p. 3 inrestais, Ml. 37d1 . fut. s. 3 -inr, 113a7 . pret. s. 2 inrorad-su, 84c2 . s. 3 inroraid, 66d21 . ro-innraith, ZCP vi 104.2 . p. 3 in-rorthetar, Ml. 104b8 . ro-inraetar, Anecd. iii 67.z . ? Pass. indic. pres. s. indraither, ZCP xii 401.13 . Part. indrisse, Ml. 18c14 . Verb. necess. indrissi (gl. peruadendas), 127b15 .

Mid. Ir. indrid i and other stems, see above : indic. pres. s. rel. innres, CCath. 2610. p. 3 indrit, RC iii 346.14 . subj. pres. s. 1 go n-ionnrar , CRR² 8. sec. fut. s. 3 no-ínrifed, TTr.² 420. pret. s. 3 ro indeir , TBC-LL¹ p. 673 n. 11 . ? ros-indre (? leg. -inder), SR 5607. cor indrastair , RC xviii 16.8 . p. 1 ra-tas-indrisem, TBC-LL¹ 5697. p. 3 ro-indirset, Anecd. ii 15.14 . do innrudar , RC x 181.5 . ro innredset , Lism. L. 1924. ro iondradhset , AFM ii 634.x . ro ionnrattar , 628.4 . Pass. subj. pres. s. dia n-innrether , O'Curry 2629 (< Eg. 88, fo. 53d ). fut. s. -indraithfither, MacCongl. 77.3 . pret. s. ro hindredh , Cog. 4.20 . p. ro indertha , TBC-LL¹ p. 673 n. 11 .

invades, overruns, lays waste, devastates, plunders: in-reith gl. adgreditur, Ml. 19d13 . inroraid gl. uastauit, 66d21 . inré gl. inuadet, 113a7 . dunaib huilib indirsib (gl. (omnibus peccandi amore) peruasis) .i. inrorthatar for chosmailius assar `to all the pervaded, i.e. who raided after the fashion of the Assyrians,' 35a21 . an inroradsu (gl. adgresus), 84c2 . macc Ciss ó ragab ríge | ro bris for mór n-ilmile, | ros-indre iar coscur glé, | dorigne coscur n-aile, SR 5607. ro indertha far muinter cotici Dun Sobairce, TBC-LL¹ p. 673 n. 11 . ro aircc ┐ ro indeir Medb et Oilioll sib, ib. roinraetar Inis Bretan uili, ┐ doratsat fo gein cloidem ┐ gae a daine, Anecd. iii 67.z . innrether dia n-innrether dia nestar (leg. do-nestar) dia ndinnsithear (i.e. if (one) is attacked, (the other) is also attacked), O'Curry 2629 (< Eg. 88, fo. 53d ). cf. O'D. 2210. sochaide no-ínrifed in Trói ┐ nos-millfed, TTr.² 420. gur loisgeadh ┐ gur hionradh a ndún, Ériu i 78 § 3. inni discailes cach ndaingean ┐ innres gach n-inill .i. in gorta, CCath. 2610. i n-indraithfither do dulas `where thy melancholy will be attacked,' MacCongl. 77.3 . ro inretar formor Midi leis, Cog. 146.21 . sluagad la Brian i lLaighniu, co ro innir `which he devastated,' AU i 504.15 . cor' indridh ... o Shinaind co muir etir cella ┐ tuatha, 358.3 . ro indirset an longport etir daoine ┐ maoine, AFM i 480.z . co ros indrastair ┐ tucc a mbuar, ii 788.4 . ? Part. used as subst. co forcingi d'inndrisib that thou mayst go forth to raids ?, LL 119b27 .

fights (successfully) ?: ro hinred cath (do-sraineadh cath, v.l.) for Ugaire `a defeat in battle was given to U.', Cog. 46.1 (? or leg. himred).