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ad-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad- or dil.ie/247
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: á, ad-, ad-, as-, ad-

prep. prefix used to form compds. See GOI § 822 ; O'Rahilly, Celtica i 337f. ; Breatnach, Éigse vi 339 . In close compds. remains as ad- before vowels and earlier w (preserved as spirant b): adamrae ( amrae ), adblam (ad-fo-lam).

The d is assimilated to c, t, g, d, b, s, m: abbrón (brón), Celtica xiii 14.258 . -accobra (adcobra), atrab (ad-treb), acarb, ag(g)arb (ad + garb), atód (ad-do-) apuide, abbuide (ad + buide), aslach (ad-slig), ammus (ad-mess). In the case of m, however, O'Rahilly, loc. cit., regards adm- as the regular development e.g. admass (ad + mass), admat (ad + muinethar), admall (ad + mall), admolaid (ad + m.). Before an original u in follg. syll.: audbirt, idbart, edbart (*ad-uss-bert), aupaid, epaid (ad-buith). Before r, l, n appears as á: áram (ad-rím), fo-álgim (*fo-ad-log-), áinsem (*ad-nessam). As perfective particle, see GOI § 532 . In pretonic position always ad-: ad-ella, ad-cobra, ad-gládathar, ad-slig, ad-midethar, ad-rími etc. except before t and d, to which the d is assimilated: attá, atá (ad-tá), ataimet (ad-daimet). For the forms with infix. pronouns see GOI §§ 412, 413 . The fact that ad- and ess- fall together before inf. pronouns has sometimes led to ad- being replaced by as- in pretonic position e.g. as-roilli beside ad-roilli (prototonic -árilli -áirilli). Sometimes ad- replaces in- in pretonic position e.g. ad-cumaing (prototonic -ecmaing), see GOI § 842 B (1) . Meaning orig. to, towards e.g. ad-gúisi hopes (wishes towards). In many compds. however it has a purely intensive sense e.g. adúath great terror; admór very great; admolaid praises highly. See various compds. below.

See ath-.

adamrae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adamrae or dil.ie/290

( amrae )

I adj io, iā very wonderful: Isāc in macc a.¤ Thes. ii 300.7 ( Hy. i ). airdirc a ainm a.¤ , 322.5 (Hy. ii). It adamrai uili / na fertae adfíadam, Fél. Ep. 213 . már . . . do airfitib adamraib, IT i 310.6 . canait ceol n-adamra, LU 1978 ( FA § 5 ). flaith adamra, 1983 (ib.). adamra .i. ab admiratione .i. ōn ingantos, Corm. Y 22 .

II n As subst. io, n. wonder, marvel, miracle: trissa na.¤ sin `through that marvel', Ml. 61a16 . lase . . . asnindidid a a.¤ `when ye declare His wonder', 115b11 . do fis ind adamri sin, 61a13 . tormach nadamri són `that is an increase of wonder', 97c2 . adamri gl. mira, 22b7 . di neuch durignisiu du adamru friu, 63c5 . ní donaib adamraib sin, 60b6 . andorigni Dia . . . / do fertaib do adamraib, SR 5114 . di adamraib set of wonderful treasures, Laws v 406.21 .

airecal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airecal or dil.ie/1892

Forms: aracol

n o, [n.] (oraculum, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 206 ). Also aracol. The original(?) meaning oratory (perhaps to be inferred from the derivative airiuclán) seems to appear only in nn.loc., e.g. prinnceps ind airecuil Dociaroc, AU i 296.11 . Cellach . . . princeps ind airicuil Dosenchiarocc, 340.6 . A.¤ Adhamhnain, Reeves Ad. lxiv . Daciaroc Sanctus Aracuil .i. Cell, CS 134z . See also Hog. Onom.

Chamber, private apartment: is amlaid . . . doroimsi P. in fertai .i. secht fichit traiged isind lis ┐ secht traiged fichet isin tig mór ┐ secht traiged déacc isin chúili ┐ secht traigid isind aregal, Trip.² 2807 . dochum ind arucuil, S Cano 99 . rucad ind rīg i n-a.¤ codultae ┐ rofolmaiged in tech mōr, MacCongl. 128.12 . tenecol nach traighedhdubh / airegar i nairegal, IT iii 89 § 110 . ircha .i. cuiltech no a.¤ no tech in bidh, O'Dav. 1107 . fod a airecail .i. tech a bhidh, O'Curry 1265 ( H 3.18, 512 ). na hocairigh . . . da traigh dec fod a [n-]aracail, 324 ( H 3.18, 179a ). baí airecol amrae hi toíb thaige na lánamnae, LU 11023 . con lotar issin less. tíagait isin n-arecol n-amrae and, 11042 . atá i n-airicul fo leith, 3374 . ( SCC § 16 ). issind arucol mac n-Æda Slane, Anecd. i 3.7 ( S Cano 50 ). oentech mbec . . . .i. arocul becc deroil . . . is arocul oiged inso, Todd Lect. vi 42.2 , 4 . gach laech laa setigh . . . ina n-araglaib badēsin, Marco P. 183 . ro ionnsaighsiot an taireccal i mbaoí A., AFM v 1872.24 . fuair siumh aireccal deirrit d'A. `procured a private apartment for A.', vi 1922.5 . ruccadh iad i n-aireccal uaigneach, 19 . dorala don rīguin . . . dul a n-orecul uáignis dia fholcud, ZCP xiii 201.16 . bearthar i dTeamhraigh isteach / an rí i n-aireagal uaigneach, DDána 71.16 . a huamaib ┐ a haircelaib in tshlebi sin, Aen. 142 . asa n-uamaib ┐ asa n-aircelaib (of winds), 219 .

amra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amra or dil.ie/3199

x see 2 abra, amrae .

amrae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amrae or dil.ie/3201

Forms: ambra, amhra, ánradh, aimhre

adj I io, iā. ambra: cadla, LL 4891 . amhra: ánradh, O'R. Poems 3152 (see notes); : anma, DDána 13.5 . aimhre: hAilbhe, AFM i 174.5 . See Ó Máille, Ériu x 158 . wonderful, marvellous, extraordinary: a.¤ ō uerbo ammiror .i. adamraigim, O'Mulc. 40 . Freq. glossed by maith: amra .i. maith nó mirbail nó imat nó iṅgnad, Lec. Gl. 88 . ateoch ríg n-amra n-aiṅgel (.i. maith no mirabilis), Thes. ii 350.14 . amra .i. bona, 328.31 . Also Ériu xiii 63 § 25 ( .i. fír, 64 § 41 ), O'Cl. Hence of advice: comarli amra, MU² 183 . Dánfhocail 230 . Of a person: in mac a.¤ airdirc, Trip.² 2670 . bid amre in mac, LU 10919 . fri clainn n-amrai n-Israhél, SR 4186 . abb Irarda a.¤ , Fél. Feb. 8 . á rí úasail amri, Ep. 462. la cét martir ṅa.¤ , July 4 . maccáem . . . amra alaind tu, TBC-LL¹ 1851 . ba fhaidh amra `wondrous prophet', RC xxiv 194.4 . Of a place: airecol a.¤ , LU 11023 . suid[igud] ard a.¤ / tige túathaic[h] Temra, ZCP viii 108.10 . Of things: fertae amrai ili many wonderful miracles, Fél. Ep. 175 . mind amra, Cog. 30.16 . is amre lim rad ṅdé lib I am pleased, Wb. 7d3 . amre liumsa, 14a34 . Equative: coich boi . . . badid [n]amradair (amridir, amrathir, adamruigter, v.l.) .i. bad comhuasal fri C., ACC 65 ( RC xx 260 ). badad namhradhar, Blathm. 740 . nī tharla celtair talmain / dar dúil badit n-amraither (sic leg., GOI § 368 ; -rathor MS) `anything so marvellous', Fianaig. 14 § 31 . Compar. ní fil i n-Ére óclaig bas amru, LU 4861 (TBC). amru feraib, 3641 ( SCC 31 ). ní bu amru ro-cloth dó something (even) more extraordinary was heard of him, MU² 940 `not more to his glory was it heard of him', Gloss. mad amru imres slega, Ériu iv 98 § 26 . Superl. ri side as amram tic Erind, YBL 136a18 . can assa iarthur . . . ass amram forcan a gial[l]aigecht ? Ériu iv 162 § 24 .

As subst. wonderful person: is int a.¤ Ithidún, SR 4192 . i cath Charmain cetaib cend / i mbatar amrai Herend, LL 2283 . dia n-amraib `of their famous men', Metr. Dinds. iv 98.93 .

II Subst. io, [n.]

(a) a wonderful thing, wonder, marvel: imforlinged mór namri de gl. a great wonder has resulted therefrom, Wb. 15d21 . mór namri, 13a33 . dind amru durigeni dia erib, Ml. 67b17 . már ní son .i. di amru, 17a10 . boí már de amru inna flaith many wonders, LU 10115 . tri ha.¤ Glinne Dalláin . . . tri ha.¤ Connacht, Triads 236 - 237 . samlai / . . . do maic amhrai (= macamrai), Blathm. 26 (see note). Common with follg. gen. indicating what is wonderful e.g. amra tíre a wonderful country, IT i 133.2 . ba a.¤ retha `a wondrous course', Thes. ii 311.1 ( Hy. ii ). a.¤ maitne wonderful morning (of a battle), TBC-LL¹ 4973 . a.¤ (n-)a.¤ used as an exclamation: a.¤ n-a.¤ ol in slúag wonder of wonders, BDD² 165 . tucaid mo shéotu damsa . . . a.¤! a.¤! ol cách, TBFr. 290 . a.¤ bríg (bríge) used ironically: amra brīgi soin . . . acht ropom airdricse that is of little account provided I become famous, TBC-I¹ 571 . amra bríg can co rabur acht oen lá ┐ oen adaig ar bith, TBC-LL¹ 1111 . Perhaps in literal sense: amra brígaib, bág n-uide / sám fri sídaib sám-chuire a great wonder, a traveller's tale, Metr. Dinds. iii 224.15 .

(b) miracle: Brigtæ ba hóen a amra, Thes. ii 338.5 (Hy. v) .i. do ḟertaib Brigte, z. ba mó amru arailiu / din chloich dorigne saland, 338.1 (ib.). amhra .i. firt, Ériu xiii 79 § 252 .

(c) vision: amhra .i. aisling, O'Cl. ni chreiti[r]-sium físi na hamra na haislingi, TTebe 622 . lá dár chodailsion . . . dochí amhra, Arch. Hib. i 83 § ii . spirut a ffidhair amra ┐ aislinge, Fl. Earls 192.24 . amhra do chailg mo chridhe, / mairg re dtarla ar dtaidhbhse-ne, Dánta Gr. 44.3 . an tusa an bhean do bhí sunn / aréir tre amhra agum?, TD 40.1 .

(d) eulogy. In titles of poems etc.: A.¤ Choluimb Chille, RC xx 30 . A.¤ Chonrói, Ériu ii 1 . A.¤ Senáin, ZCP iii 222 , etc. Note also: in t-ámrad Senāin, ZCP iii 225.3 . sreath . . . rann d'am[h]ruibh ionáonaigh `of eulogistic quatrains fit for an assembly', Ériu ix 163 § 5 . `As these poems were used as `path protections' ( V. SS. Hib. i clxxix ) a.¤ comes to have the meaning charm, cf. Hyde, Abhráin diadha i 353 ', Plummer MS notes. See 2 amrath.

? amrun

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? amrun or dil.ie/3216

n Usually in A.¤ Fer nDea, kenning for Grellach Dollaid (see Hog. Onom.). Second syll. taken by native glossators as = rún intention: for amrun (.i. run ┐ cocar amrae) Fer nDea (.i. run ┐ cogaur amraie), ZCP iii 240.24 . amhrún .i. olc, ut est Tochmarc Emir[e]: ba hamrun Fer nDega, Ériu xiii 63 § 26 . bliadain lan doib immon run-sin . . . conadh desin dogarur Amhrun Fer nDea, RC xii 80 § 76 (Second Battle of Moytura).

bríg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bríg or dil.ie/6813
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: brígh, -íghe, brígh, brígh, -ígh, ígha, briocchaibh, bríge

n ā, f. brígh f. g s. -íghe, IGT Decl. § 39. brígh (cháel) f., § 14.5 . brígh m. g s. and n p. -ígh, ígha, § 38 .

(a) power, strength, force, authority; vigour, virtue: de fortitudine .i. dinb.¤ gl. de ui, ZCP vii 479.34 (Enchir. Aug.). ciob.¤ gl. qua vi, 480.21 . brigh .i. neart, feart, no míorbhal, O'Cl. brig .i. firt, ut est / a muir brigach buan-sam ( Fél. Ep. 30 ), O'Dav. 257. brigh .i. uallach ut est Maudorn mor uisceda brig forbhailidh, Ériu xiii 55 § 26 = Modharn mor-uisage brioghach, etc., 13.1 . doadbadar híc b.¤ inna persine dodiccfa gl. Dominus dominantium, Wb. 29c4 . nírbo sain mo b.¤ leu `I was of no account in their eyes', Ml. 88b4 . is bréc b.¤ in domain / . . . / is sí in b.¤ uile / serc mór do Macc Maire ` might ', Fél. Prol. 145 - 147 . fororcennta a ṁbríga `their powers have been ended', Prol. 87. oté cona mbrígaib `virtues', 34 . a bruth ┐ a b.¤ (of God). LU 2022 ( FA 9 ). cen brīgh without might, ACL iii 320 § 90. bec cech brīg is cech bunad every power and substance is as naught (in comparison with Munster), Bruchst. 62 § 143 , ZCP viii 561.19 . bríogh do chonganta `the power of thy help', Studies 1918, 99 § 16 . mor m-borrfad (sic) ┐ bríge rolinsat muintir A. great . . . haughtiness (Meyer), Alex. 392. brīg fīna 'na uisge (a lake), ZCP vii 303 § 3 . in brig etarglethi the power of decision, Cóic Con. 24 § 24.

Med. virtue, force: gu comfhurtachtaidinn an t-uisgi na brīga uile ana n-oibrigthib = confortat omnes virtutes in suis operationibus, RSláinte 2929. maille ré gníomhughadh na bríogha díleaghtha, TSh. 1581. Also in pl. (us. of persons): o vilibh briocchaibh with all his strength, Aisl. Tond. 100 § 4. ro-fuasnaigthea mo uli thimthirechta ┐ bríga `my . . . energies were confounded', PH 3860.

Gramm.: is follus nach mór b.¤ articuil linni, Sg. 26b3 (see (b) and (d) infra). do-ní brígh connsuine bhuig don chonnsuine chrúaidh a voiced consonant gets the (metrical) value of a voiceless consonant, IGT Introd. § 105 , cf. 106-7 . ar son go ttiaguid a mbrígh chonnsuineadh become semi-vowels (of i, u), § 9 .

In chevilles: b.¤ ron-fethis, Fél. Aug. 7. hūasal brīg, ACL iii 312 § 1.

Attrib. g s. L. lócharn bríge `a vigorous lamp', Fél. Feb. 7. breasa briogha ┐ ella idhna (of childbirth), Ériu v 80.28 . la borrfadh bríghe `with boisterous vigour', AFM v 1766.z . ? for brosna brigi .i. for feirtsi carpait no airm on mighty twigs (?) (kenning), Rawl. 109b44 ( RC xxvi 30 n.1 ). Cf. techt for brosnai brige .i. fertsi carpat, H 3.18, 722.15 . lind brīge strong ale, Corp. Gen. 87.30 .

In more abstr. meanings.

(b) value, worth; advantage; validity, virtue, efficacy: is becc in b.¤ frissandéntar a saithar sin gl. ut corruptibilem coronam accipiant, Wb. 11a9 . aní tairci in b.¤ móir sin duibsi `that which produces that great privilege to you', 12c31 . is follus . . . nan máar b.¤ labrad ilbélre is not of much avail, 12d28 . ni mó b.¤ cach he alailiu gl. non est seruus neque liber, 19c19 . nand mmáa sin a b.¤ `that it is of no more account than that', Sg. 150b1 . issí a b.¤ liumsa a techtae som huaim `that is all I care for', Ml. 117d4 . Cf. . . . nī mōr brīg sin `that is no great matter' (Stories fr. Táin), TBC-I¹ 537. is mór b.¤ / do mac aithig guin maic ríg, Fing. R. 259. is cert in b.¤ doberid dún great store you set on me, forsooth! (ironically), LU 5959 (TBC). In phr. amra b.¤ (bríge) in lit. and ironical senses, see amrae . Note also: rabad amra b.¤ duit fadessin mad dia tóetsad latt C. it would be a wonderful achievement on your part (?), LL 9362 (TBC) = ba hamra dūindi dia ndingabtha fēin, TBC-I¹ 1495. amra bríge[lium] . . . Máel dúin, RC ix 488.17 . na ríg aile / fūaratar b. o cech dune `won respect from every man', Arch. Hib. ii 49 § 28 . ni fetar citne briga / mo dul i teach co r-riga I do not know what good it is, Ériu v 30.2 . sét co mbríg (`substance' LMU² 18 ), LL 34560. fis a mbrígha dobeir dḟilidh informs poets of their value, IGT Decl. ex. 75. gá brígh dhóibh gan dol a n-éigean ? what good would it have done them not to have fought? O'Hara 4311. cá bríogh dhó ar gcionta do chlódh `easy for Him', A. Ó Dálaigh v 4. cisi brigh / an dal oc Insi na righ what's the point of . . . ?, AFM i 386.1 . ? cutal .i. a cutilia .i. ō leidb .i. nī mā a b.¤ quam ledb de cute, O'Mulc. 257.

(c) meaning (of words, sayings, etc.): brígh na cédlitre = tenour , RSClára 53b . bríogh na guidhei-se, DDána 67.51 . fios a bhríghe (of a prov. saying), Measgra D. 25.16 .

(d) In phrases with prepp. and verbs: issed tra as brig la dia `what God deems worthy', Thes. ii 255.13 (Stowe M.). ní laugi a bríig less quam tú gl. ita illum uocauit (sic leg.) ut té, Wb. 6b12 . nibo mór a mb.¤ linn gl. quibus neque ad horam cessimus subiectioni, 18d10 . cinip mór do b.¤ lat bráithre indíu, Trip.² 1888. lasa becc brigh a anma fein `who cares little for his own life', CCath. 2804. See also (b) supra. ní bía brig desium `this thing will not matter', Mon. Tall. 154.10 . nícon bia b.¤ hisinnísin, Ériu ii 222.6 . ní b.¤ daoib / loighed t'innmhe `no disadvantage to thee is thy possession's scanti- ness', O'Gr. Cat. 459.1. las an mbrígh mbicc doronsat do chenel E. `regarding the K.E. as of little account', AFM v 1766.z . ni fuil brig acainn innut `we have no reliance (?) in thee', Ir. Astr. Tr. 52.17 . beg a brígh a mbrat órdha `little he cares for', Ir. Review 1912, 471 § 8 . brígh 'na ccéimiondaibh ní chuir `he sets no store by their doings', Studies 1919, 258 § 18 . 'na dtaisibh ná tabhraidh bríogh `care not for', Dán Dé xxxi 25 . díoth carad ná cuir i mbrígh, DDána 26.7 . ni denam brig de we pay no attention to it, LL 31760 ( TTr. 949 ).

In prep. phr. di bríg, see 1 de, di. Note also: tré bhrígh na Urnuighe-se `in Virtue of', Donlevy 436.21 .

Compds. With nouns. brigbunad `powerful stock', Ériu viii 68.10 . fogne búada buan brígrun, SR 7244. With adjj. idir dhá thuinn . . . bhríogh-aidhbhle, ML 82.1 . A. brigaesta, ZCP xxx 122.21 = annis gravis, 201 . meirge righ Breatan bríghmhir vigorously active, MR 228.13 .

comamrae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comamrae or dil.ie/10724

n ( amrae ): ní comtig a comamre `an equal marvel', Imr. Brain 10 (comlabrai, v.l.).

1 dag

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dag or dil.ie/14139
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: deg, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, degbés, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, deg-dias, dag, dag, deg-doss, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, deagh- folaid, dag, dag- ḟorcitlid, dagforcitlidib, dag, deggnim, dag, dag, deg-impide, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, deg-óg, dag, dag, dag, deg-rann, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, dag, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deaghoideas, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, Deg, deg, deg, deg, dethclu, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deaghcho- maoineach, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deighdealbhdha, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deghearghna, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deglenda, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg, deg

adj good. Later deg. Thurn. Hdb. 49 . annag .i. non bonum. dag .i. bonum , O'Mulc. 47 . dag .i. bonus no piscis , ib. 289 . écndag .i. ni dag .i. non bonum , ib. 357 . annach evil, bad , O'D. Suppl. 573 b . dag .i. maith, LB 36 a 24 f.b. .i. maith, ACC § 46 . deach .i. maith, O'D. Suppl. (or = dech). death .i. maith, ACL iii 280 . Often deth-: deth-arrachta, ZCP vi 26.17 . -bertach, 48. 20 . -cluach, 34. 9 . -rígan, 25. 11 . -thapaidh 30. 27 . -thengthach, 50. 33 . Frequently written d┐; occasionally also dath-. Mod. pronounced dé-, dea-, Seanchaint 79 . 205 . Independent use of dag: droch do drochaib, dag do dagaib, Corm. Tr. 61 . dag a dagchomul na céir, ACC 46 . derb dag i mba, ib. a pl. deich treaba dagha (.i. maithi), Ériu ii 4. 5 . Adv. well (Contribb.): sciath aca ar lár a ethair... fo tailfed dag...cethri drond[a] dechenbar, RC xiv 404. 18 .

In composition with a following noun or adjective, Zeuss 857 . Thurn. Hdb. 221 : good, noble, intensive very . For fuller collections s. Acall., Laws, CCath. Index, Todd Nenn., Hom. Leg. Ind.

A dag

:

dag-airle a good counsel Wb. 29 b 17 . isí mo degairle, ACL iii 220. 29 . is derb ropat degairle, TFerbe 280 .

dag-airliud good merit, well-deservingness LU 34 a 16 . 76 a 10 . dag-arliud .i. oca mbí deg-bríathar, TBC-LL¹ 1695 Y. deg-arliud, LU 34 a 16 . RC iv 256 . decchairilleadh, AFM vi 2370. 3 . deg-airilniud, ALC ii 262. 15 .

dag-aiste a good metre . d. in dána, IT iii 106. 2 .

dag-aithrige (MS. dagathrige) a good repentance Cambr. 38 a .

dag-altair good fosterage Laws ii 164. 10 (opp. mialtair, ib. 8 ).

dag-altram id., ib. ii 164. 6 , 19 .

dag-armtha well-armed TFrag. 22. 14 .

dag-bág a good fight : co ndernsat d.¤-báig de, LL 191 a 52 .

dag-banas : trí fostai dagbanais: fosta thengad ┐ gensa ┐ airnberntais (airbertais, v.l.), 'three ways in which a good woman is steady: steadiness of tongue, of chastity and of house keeping' Triads § 180 , Ériu xxviii 155 . dag-ben a good woman, a lady : gruc da .i. dagben, Corm. 17 . degbhen, CCath. 4038 .

dag-bert brave deed ZCP x 363 : tabred dagberta for ar n-imthechta, LU 15 a 5 .

dag-bés a good custom Laws iii 24. 14 . degbés, ZCP viii 113. 7 . Ériu v 130. 48 .

dag-béscnae good behaviour, morality Laws. degbéscnai (g s.) Ml. 85 d 2 . d s. i ndegbæsgnu, ib. 87 d 5 . 105 b 2 .

dag-biad good food O'Mulc. 685 .

dag-bliadain a good year LL 128 b 28 .

dag-boltanach sweet-smelling : lán do lubib dag-boltanchaib, Aisl. Tond. 111 . Cf. degbolad.

dag-briathrach of good words LL 155 b 8 .

dag-cenél a good race LL 279 . ingen óc alaind co ndagcenel ┐ co ndaglégund, RC viii 152 § 3 .

dag-ciall, LL 153 b 14 .

dag-clann a good offspring : Lib. Flav. 23 b 2 , 12 .

dag-coic a good cook : fo lámu dágchoca, MacCongl. 93. 18 .

dag-comairle a good counsel Wb. 29 a 21 . degch. AFM 26. 17 .

dag-comairlid a good adviser : dia deghchoṁairlighibh AFM v 1862. 3 .

dag-cride a good heart, generosity : dagcraidib, ACL iii 235. 32 . deagh-, ITS x 200 .

dag-dán a good gift, poem, art : saer daer dagdana, Laws v 96. 10 . rogab gnimu dailim do airim a degdán, BB 382 a 6 .

dag-dess good and comely , Gorm. Mar. 31 .

dag-dia good god (etymological gloss on Dagda) LU 32. 25 . LL 266 b 38 .

dag-dias a good pair Gorm. Oct. 26 . deg-dias, Feb. 11 .

dag-dond: ben Néill in druing dagduind, LL 139 a 42 .

dag-doss a good bush Gorm. Jan. 7 . deg-doss, Mar. 3 , May 18 .

dag-duine a good man, a brave man, a nobleman, a righteous man ( Donlevy, passim ). Wb. 6 b 23 . 18 c 14 . i coimthecht dagdóine, ib. 16 d 2 . carid dagdoini, 27 d 11 . dag- : Ériu i 215. 12 . TFrag. 144. 2 ; 204. 16 . Lib. Flav. 27 a 1 . 35 . deg-duine, LU 53 a 8 . degdáine, MR 224. 15 .

dag-eire a good (i.e. heavy) load LU 64 b 22 . 89 a 15 . 95 a 35 . RC xiv 54. 6 . degeire deise no trír, Acall. 3942 .

dag-éirge good rising-up : ar-dlegat a ndaigéirge 'they are entitled … to their good rising [before them]' The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 130 § 13 . dag-Eogan brave Eogan LL 130 a 39 .

dag-eolach well-informed ZCP iv 235. 4 .

dag-éraic a good mulct : nenaisc d. a mucc foraibh, Lism. L. 319. 16 .

dag-ḟeidm good use Ériu ii 4. 7 . deg-, Todd Lect. vi p. 99 .

dag-ḟer a nobleman, a gentleman, a brave : oirchinnig ┐ daigfir ┐ tóisig, Alex. 442 . ar galaib dagfer, LL 203 a 37 . AU i 254. 9 . LL 156 b 23 . 158 a 381 . deghfir, BB 385 b 7 . Acall. 1033 . KMMisc. 264. 13 ; 272. 9 . dagḟer, degḟer, Gorm. Ind. do degferaib ┐ do degdáinib, LL 227 a 23 . deghfer dana a good poet AFM iii 598. 17 . deghḟer labhra a good speaker, ib. ii 1136. 14 .

dag-ḟeras : tréde faillsiges cach ndagḟeras: dán, gaisced, crésine, there are three things which reveal that a man performs his functions well: a special gift, valour, piety Triads § 196 , Ériu xxviii 155 . cach ndagḟeras .i. gach feidhm nó gníomh iomlán nó feramhuil 'every activity or full or manly deed' Triads 41 , Ériu xxviii 155 . dag-ḟethal, SG 84. 37 .

dag-ḟial good and modest Gorm. Jan. 30 , Aug. 7 .

dag-ḟind very fair , ib. May 15 , Dec. 11 .

dag-ḟolad great wealth Laws iv 298.2 ; v 70. 10 . deagh- folaid, ib. ii 308. 26 .

dag-ḟorcetul good instruction LB 12 b 126 . Hence dag- ḟorcitlid a good teacher. d pl. dagforcitlidib, Wb. 11 b 6 .

dag-gním a good deed Wb. 6 a 8 , 6 a 11 , 10 a 17 , 33 a 17 . a doughty deed LU 61 a 15 . deggnim, Ml. 14 b 15 . CCath. 1190 . Cf. deggnímrad valiant deeds ZCP iii 28. 13 . i n-dagnimrathib, Thes. ii 244.32 .

dag-ime a good fence Laws iv 126. 24 .

dag-impide a right, proper request : is cóir daigimpigi duit ar nidad dichumaing, Anecd. i 11. 13 . deg-impide AFM 1132. 8 .

dag-imradud a good intention : forbe in dagimrata, Wb. 3 d 5 (opp. drochimr., ib.).

dag-ingen a good daughter LL 138 b 23 .

dag-ingnad very strange : diamair d., LL 157 b 28 .

dag-laech a brave hero : adchiu d.-u in beth[a] (sic leg.) ZCP iii 46. 14 . deglaech, MR 224. 14 . do deglaech ┐ do degóc, LL 100 b 16 .

dag-laechdacht, LU 67 a 31 = TBC-LL¹ 1050 .

dag-léigend, RC viii 152 § 3 .

dag-less good profit, especial weal Acall. 3772 . doghéna dháibh bur ndeigleas, Acall. 3606 .

dag-lind good time LL 129 a 47 .

dag-lóg a good price SR 5836 .

dag-mac a good son or boy MR 136. 10 . deaghṁac léighinn a good student Donlevy 456. 16 (= scolaire maith 458. 29 ). ML 58. 2 .

dag-máin benefit : is éicrichnichthe donindnigsom a dagmóini, Wb. 28 a 17 . Alex. 926 , 930 . inna degmáini, Ml. 27 a 6 . a seoit ┐ a degmáini, Cog. 18. 18 . Ériu ii 2. 3 , 9 .

dag-menmae hilarity, jollity Mon. Tall. 143. 5 . Cf. deg-menmnach, LL 155 b 47 .

dag-mian a good mind Gorm. Jan. 26 . BB 48 a 40 . YBL 314 b 20 .

dag-mór very big Gorm. Sept. 11 . degmór, ib. May 20 , Nov. 20 , July 30 . samaigis stacci direccra degmaru forsna beraib, MacCongl. 63. 2 .— Gaul. Dagomārus, npr. m.

dag-naidm a good security : fal fosuidigthear dag-nadmaim, Laws v 506. 11 . Anecd. iii 29. 6 .

dag-nár good and bashful Gorm. Mar. 26 , May 9 , Nov. 26 .

dag-nem good heaven ib. June 5 .

dag-nia a brave hero : dagnia derg, Rawl. 116 b 12 .

dag-nóisech: do dlighid dian daghnoisech, Anecd. ii 75. 2 .

dag-nuachar, LL 157 a 6 ; a noble mate, ZCP x 363 .

dag-óc a goodly youth, a brave warrior TBC-LL¹ 1263 . 1640 Y. TFrag. 1062 .

dag-óg a good virgin Gorm. July 2 . deg-óg, Jan. 6 , Oct. 17 .

dag-phreceptóir a good teacher Wb. 4 a 2 .

dag-rád speaking well of Gorm. May 17 .

dag-rāith a good security Laws i 118. 21 .

dag-rann a good stanza Gorm. Jan. 31 , LL 7 a 48 . deg-rann, LL 10 b 41 . 153 b 15 . BB 382 a 6 .

dag-rath good grace or luck, full prosperity Gorm. Feb. 26 . Fearna mór mílib d. (g pl.) AFM ii 576. 3 . cúig bliadna déc fa degrath, Cog. 140. 20 .

dag-riar, Mart. Don. Introd. 37 . Donlevy, pass.

dag-riattae well-trained Leb. Cert. 160. 2 .

dag-rosc a good eye (of sight), Corm. 689 Y.

dag-rún a good resolution, purpose, a good end : ar do dagrúin ndrechaig, ZCP viii 232 . TBC-LL¹ 1695 Y. co ngeib d. degmessa, LU 76 a 9 . degrún, BB 375 a 31 .

dag-ṡégdae majestic, sublime : ic mac Dé dagṡégdai, Rawl. 69 a 24 . deighṡeghdha, BB 9 a 15 .

dag-ṡén good luck SG ii 469. 11 . degṡén, Top. Poems 40. 6 .

dag-ṡochor good profit : bidh co d. re fód danacul ar nóg ar ég, ZCP viii 227 .

dag-ṡoillsigud a good illumination ZCP iii 222. 2 f.b.

dag-thapaid very quick, active, expert : an drong dhánata dh. dhíscir dhenmnedach, ALC i 412. 6 . dorónsat comlainn fic[h]da...degthapaid, IT ii2 141 (l. 477) . ML 28. 4 . bulli na láma deisi degth., Cog. 194. 8 . go dian-deghth. AFM 2318. 4 . deg-thapad vigour MR 318. 14 . deg-thapa = d.¤-thapaid: dosgiobadar a longa...go d., Atlantis iv 166. 22 .

dag-theist bonum testimonium Wb. 25 a 18 . deg-theist for chach, LB 260 b 81 .

dag-thimthach: dobert d. imbi, LL 117 b 36 .

dag-thír a goodly land Imr. Br. (of the Ir. Elyseon). deg-t., CRR 4 . BS 54. 4 .

dag-thorthech abounding in fruit: sam sogar .i. is d. in samrad, LL 188 a 32 .

dag-thrian a good third : a d. mo chuarta sa, Fen. 168. 13 .

dag-thuath: dúnadach cech d., LL 344 c 13 .

B deg (see also 1 dag):

deg-accomul a good union Laws ii 362. 3 (= soaccomol, l. 4 ).

deg-adbae a goodly dwelling ZCP viii 207. 3 .

deg-adbar good material, one well fitted to be: Niall ...d. táisigh na Trí Tuath, ALC i 529. 15 . Donnchad... d. rí[g] Érenn, ALC i 558. 10 , ib. 598. 11 . AFM iii 396. 14 , ib. iv 722. 8 .

deg-aes: triar d.-a dána three of the goodly men of science CRR § 30 . BS 52. 9 . good, auspicious age: d. éisgi, MR 106. 14 .

deg-aichnech well informed : d. aithnech ar gach ealadhain, AU iii 530. 4 . BB 62 a 34 .

deg-aicned a noble nature, benevolence CCath. 5480 . SG i 54. 31 . d s. degaicniud, LB 273 b 71 . SG 54. 31 . deaghaigneadh, Donlevy 472. 8 .

deg-ainm, BB 370 b 23 .

deg-airde a favourable sign : dommí co ndegairdib, ACL iii 221. 6 . dertbais d. dílend | senchas senaibni Hérend, LL 5 b 39 .

deg-airiltnidh a good earner AFM 2220. 3 .

deg-aisse: ic loscud Muman massi | ba suach dond d., LL 375 a 14 = ba subach don degaisse, ACL iii 304 § 7 , ZCP x 363 .

deg-aite a good foster-father; a good teacher MR 298. 9 ; 314. 4 . d.-oide faoisidine, Donlevy 338. 23 . d. -oidigheadh foghluma, ib. xxi 1 . Cf. deg-aites good education, good teaching. deaghoideas, Donlevy 336. 16 ; xviii 5 ; xix 13 .

deg-aithne a good knowledge SG 354. 22 .

deg-aithrige good repentance AFM 1000. 21 .

deg-aithris a worthy imitation ZCP viii 216. 15 .

deg-amos a brave hireling soldier Ériu i 94. 1 .

deg-amrae good and wonderful, specially wonderful: Cathbad drái d., Acall. 2543 . CRR § 30 .

deg-anacol a goodly protection Ériu v 84. 13 .

deg-arm: ni dlig degairm fer cin gliaidh, Harl. 5280, 14 a . MR 224. 14 .

deg-armach well-armed Acall. 2134 (v.l. datharmach, p. 291 ).

deg-armáil a good armament AFM 2272. 9 .

deg-arrachtae very brave ZCP vi 26. 17 .

deg-árus a good house SG 303. 30 . ITS x p. 200 .

deg-ass good milk LU 25 b 16 .

deg-athach a good vassal : ropo deglaech degathaig, TFerbe 691 .

deg-athair a good father LL 385 b . BB 127 b . MR 118. 3 . Acall. 2005 .

deg-athardae goodly patrimony AFM 1640. 9 .

deg-atmáil a good confession Miscell. Celt. Soc. 330. 6 .

deg-bág a good fight Gorm. May 12 .

deg-bail, RC viii 350 ; good luck, ZCP x 363 .

deg-baile a good village, a good steading : dún nó dingna nó d., Moling 8. 10 . ITS x p. 200 . a dunib ┐ a degbaledib Sachsan, AB A.D. 1014 .

deg-bárc, OCT 9.4 .

deg-barr: adram do rígh na ndúile | do dh. dian (leg. dín) ar ndaine (na ndóine, Lec.) BB 24 b 48 ( ZCP x 363 ). Acall. 1114 .

deg-bás a happy death Donlevy 364. 15 ; 322. 18 .

deg-bélrae good speech : sulbaire degbelrai, Ml. 89 c 16 .

deg-bertach virtuous : a ridiri dethbertach, ZCP vi 48. 20 .

deg-bethach virtuous Gadelica ii 97. 21 .

deg-bethu a virtuous life : co rís degbethaid glan glé, Moling 52. 21 . do forbadh a dheighbhetha[dh], AFM 456. 10 ; 526. 9 . a comfortable existence BS § 18. 18 .—Cf. Gaul. Dago-bitus, npr. m.

deg-blad good fame : ní fo d. co nirt nua, LU 16 a 3 .

deg-blas a good taste : dobheir sé (sc. an salann) deaghbhlas dó (sc. don bhiadh), Donlevy 442. 24 .

deg-blasta savoury ZCP ii 252. 14 .

deg-bolad a good odour ZCP ii 252. 14 .

deg-bráthairse a good brotherhood ZCP viii 318. 28 .

deg-buaid a good victory Gorm. Feb. 24 . na d.-buada, LL 44 b 4 .

deg-bualad a violent beating SG 272. 4 .

deg-buide deep yellow : erla d. on cluais co céli do, Acall. 4080 n. .l. urla nd., ib. 4942 n.

deg-buiden a good host : toesech na degbhuidne, LL 100 b 14 .

deg-cairdech: bi d. im fadbail lochta fira, Laws ii 280. 16 .

deg-calmae very brave MR 284. 26 .

deg-caratrad a good friendship LL 72 .

deg-cerdach fully skilled SG 307. 39 .

deg-ces a good hive : narab drochcis i ninad deigh-ceasach, Laws iii 438. 8 .

Deg-chairdil npr. m. Anecd. i 42 .

deg-cinniud a good decision : rocinnit tra deighchinnte iomdha isin coṁdháil hísin, AFM ii 1164. 3 .

deg-clár a good board : ic dathugad a d., TTr. 137 .

deg-clu a good reputation, good fame Laws iii 22. 32 , 33 . dethclu, ZCP vi 24. 12 .

deg-cluach of good renown ZCP vi 34. 9 .

deg-cobrach very helpful (of God) SG 21. 5 .

deg-codnach a man of sound mind Laws ii 70. 4 , 10 .

deg-coemna good protection : ni bhidh imorro díon no d. a tuaith nó a termonn, ALC 5781 .

deg-coimét a good protection KMMisc. 314. 27 .

deg-commaid good comradeship ZCP iii 5. 3 .

deg-commáin a good communion : g s. deaghcho- maoineach, Donlevy 252. 9 ; 254. 31 .

deg-creic a good sale Laws ii 284. 8 ; iv 88.16 .

deg-cridech good hearted : fer dercech d., ALC i 538. 15 . deaghchroidheach, Donlevy 62.19 .

deg-culaith a noble suit : dochóirigh deaghchulaith Ṁanannáin uime, Atlantis iv 214.25 . OCT 54.2-3 .

deg-daingen very strong Acall. 5290 .

deg-daire, LL 385 b , c . BB 127 b .

deg-dál a good meeting BB 281 a 17 . Gorm. Aug. 17 . Ériu iv 136. 8 . BS 90. 2 .

deg-dath a good colour : do dheargór dheaghdhatha ML 110. 29 .

deg-dathach well-coloured TTr. 1365 .

deg-debaid a hard fight LL 101 a 4 .

deg-delb a good shape : im febas a d.-a, TFerbe 367 . Hence deighdealbhdha, AFM v 1400. 3 . SG 8. 29 .

deg-dénmach well-made : dabach dígrais d., B. Fermoy 141 a . étaigi dígraissi d.-a, TTr. 167 . ITS x p. 200 .

deg-dénmusach well-built SG 302. 28 .

deg-dénom good building, shape : ar dilsi ┐ d. (of a ship), TTr. 120 . comeliness SG 353. 38 . ar dheilbh ┐ ar dh., ALC i 544. 22 .

deg-dígainn very abundant Acall. 342 .

deg-dígal a good revenge RC xi 444. 32 .

deg-dín a good protection : diar ndegdin, Gorm. Feb. 21 .

deg-dliged a good right, a good reason : narmtar co ndegdligedaib dia frithtuidecht, Ml. 16 b 6 . Laws iv 320. 13 .

deg-dlúith very close : buale d. di sciathaib, TTr. 609 .

deg-doé a good hand : a dheg-dóid ndeis, ML 146. 18 .

deg-doilges a goodly sorrow Donlevy 272. 18 .

deg-domnach, used of Easter Sunday ZCP viii 207. 1 .

deg-dorn a good fist (Gaul. Dagodurnus CIL iii 12014. 242 ). BB 275 b 21 .

deg-drong a good troop Gorm. Aug. 9 .

deg-druin good and shrewd : Fatuel d. diada, ib. Ap. 5 .

deg-dul a good way LL 282 b 2 .

deg-dún a good fortress : a medon gach d.-duine, Tig. A.D. 1022 .

deg-einech good hospitality : ní thainic... neach do dearsccaighfedh de ar... dh., AFM 1906. 4 . g s. ben derlaic-theach theach deigheinigh, AFM 724. 6 . in toclach daibir deigeinig, Acall. 3289 . generous : in toenchléirech is diadha ┐ is deighenaigh (-aighe ?) do bhí i nErinn na aimsir féin, ALC i 526. 22 .

deg-Éiriu good Ireland MacCarthy 430. 7 f.b.

deg-engnum a doughty deed Cog. 182. 14 . YBL 317 a 10 .

deg-eol a good knowledge Rel. Celt. ii 220. 28 . Cf. dageolach.

deg-ergnae goodly wisdom : deghearghna, ZCP 199. 15 .

deg-erlabrach of good speech Hugh Roe 54. 15 .

deg-ḟaebrach sharp-edged : claideb cruaid ... ise daingen d., BB 476 b 44 .

deg-ḟaitches reverence Donlevy 358. 15 .

deg-ḟál a good hedge or fence : Sinuna druin d., Gorm. Sept. 2 .

deg-ḟeichemantae, MR 278. 17 .

deg-ḟéil a good festival Gorm. Jan. 18 .

deg-ḟeithmeóir, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 330. 2 .

deg-ḟéth a goodly appearance : rathaigit na manig d. in chlerig, Lism. L. 303. 22 . sonus ┐ d. tria bithu dḟir thinaid, ib. 32 .

deg-ḟid: epe cacha feada acht fid nemead no degfidh, Laws v 474. 7 . degfid .i. fid de fid, ib. 476. 3 . For de-ḟid, deid, q.v.

deg-ḟledach: co teg Aeda d. fledaig, LL 301 a 45 .

deg-fogur a good sound BB 324 a 37 .

deg-ḟonaidm a good agreement, bond. d. trebaire, Laws v 508. 11 .

deg-ḟonn good pleasure ACL iii 154.15 .

deg-ḟota very long Acall. 779 .

deg-ḟrecrae a good answer Todd Lect. iv 191 .

deg-gein a good birth SG 18. 31 .

deg-glór, CCath. 3049 .

deg-gnáth rhyming with cách, LL 129 a 37 .

deg-gneach of good countenance Thr. Ir. Gl. xli .

deg-gnímaige, MR 142. 8 .

deg-grés a propitious incident Acall. 3841 .

deg-guide a good, proper entreaty . cen digide .i. cen dedguide o briathraib, Laws ii 390. 3 .

deg-innscnech affable AU iii 242. 21 .

deg-labarthach well-spoken : dochan Colom Cille gu d. in duan so, BB 31 a 21 .

deg-lainn: Nuadha deghlainn diadha, Gorm. Feb. 19 , cf. Stoke's note ib. p. 268 .

deg-láith: d. gaile good heroes of valour CRR § 34 .

deg-lám embroidery Caithr. CC 72. 21 .

deg-lámach handy, dexterous : Nuadha d., Cóir Anm. § 7 . Subst. good spear-casting Acall. 5112 .

deg-lámaid dexterous Ériu iv 118. 14 , 18 .

deg-lámdae handy, skilful (in embroidery): ingen. . . bud dechlámdai di ingenaib Hérenn, LU 122 a 21 (cf. ZCP iii 231. 27 ). Subst. handiwork, embroidery : bátar side oc fogluim druine ┐ deglámda la hEmir, LU 122 a 15 (cf. ZCP iii 231. 21 ).

deg-lepaid a good bed OCT 49 § 54 .

deg-lígdae resplendent Ériu iv 94. 1 .

deg-lín a good (i.e. high) number Acall. 4859 .

deg-lind a good drink. g s. deglenda, O'Dav.

deg-lucht: a d. lenamhna his faithful followers AFM 2264. 2 .

deg-macacht, ZCP viii 111. 28 .

deg-maisech very beautiful SG 234. 34 ; 269. 8 . Sechrán 205 .

deg-maith very good co degmaith, LL iii 15154 ; subst. a nobleman : degmaithi Erend, TBC-LL¹ 2224 Y. Ériu iii 143 § 5 . LL 158 a 9 f.b.

degmaithesach of good worth : ba haill daineach digbalach deagmaithisach e 'he was a prominent person with a large retinue, destructive [to enemies], and of goodly worth', AI 406 (s.a. 1311.5) .

deg-meirge a good ensign ITS ix 126 .

deg-meisnig courageous : ionnsaighitt iad co deighṁ. AFM 1322. 12 .

deg-mesc very intoxicating : di medanaib d.-a, TTr. 164 .

deg-mess, LU 76 a 9 . TBC-LL¹ 1695 .

deg-mín good and gentle Gorm. Jan. 11 .

deg-moch very early Páidín, p. 4 .

deg-molad a good praising SG 341. 2 . Ériu v 76. 26 .

deg-mucc a good pig RC xii 64 § 26 .

deg-muinter goodly folk ZCP viii 209. 20 .

deg-muirn great courage, pride : Feidlimid ... u. bl. deg fa d., BB 61 a 43 .

deg-nath a good poem : triar aile diar delbus d., LL 137 b 50 .

deg-nert good strength Gorm. Mar. 20 .

deg-nós a good custom Donlevy 444. 14 .

deg-nuall a good shout : .iiii. scéith datha is d., BB 281 a 16 .

deg-nue good and fresh (as an epithet for an eye) ITS x p. 200 .

deg-óc a good warrior Gorm. May 18 . LL 100 b 16 .

deg-óclaech id. ni raibe acht da .xx. degoclach, AU i 548. 3 .

deg-oeb good beauty : degaeb, Gorm. July 18 .

deg-óidech very attentive SG 11. 28 .

deg-oirdned good ordination Gorm. July 4 .

deg-ól a good drink Fen. 248. 11 .

deg-opair a good work Donlevy, pass. OCL p. 33 .

deg-ord a good service : iar cceilebhradh d.-uird, RC xxvi 372. 20 .

deg-ordaide well-ordered AU iii 336. 19 .

deg-oslaicthe wide open : gur bho dlochtana d. na dainginscéith, ML 136. 8 .

deg-phendand good penance : décc iar ndeighph. ┐ iar naithrighi, AFM ii 906. 14 . ib. 1062. 9 .

deg-ráithe a good quarter (of a year): a sé décc as d. sixteen years and a quarter AFM iv 694. 2 .

deg-recht a good law : farcha dlúthaighthe gach d.-a ALC i 486. 16 .

deg-réid good and smooth Gorm. Dec. 23 .

deg-rí a good king . Gorm. Jan. 26 . Aug. 5 . atchiu degríg ndeg-Lagen, LL 48 a 40 . ib. 153 a 45 , b 6 .— Gaul. Dago-rix, npr. m.

deg-rígain a good queen ZCP vi 25. 11 .

deg-rind a good constellation MR 112. 22 .

deg-rith a good running : do druim degretha, SG 283. 29 .

deg-ruiri a good sovran : tecat fir Hérenn uili co Dálach in degruiri, LL 27 a 21 .

deg-ṡaire: d. lebarda well-composed books Laws iii 88. 9 .

deg-ṡamail a good likeness Meyer Prim. 60 a .

deg-scél good news , opp. to drochscél, Cog. 32. 21 .

deg-scip, ZCP v 489 § 15 (.i. deslám).

deg-ṡerc sometimes written for de-ṡerc, dérc ( Mon. Tall. 159. 1 ).

deg-ṡét precious treasure : mḟer dingbála degṡeoit, TFerbe 481 .

deg-ṡíl a good or noble seed : rí deigtṡil Duibhne, Edinb. viii 26 a 1 .

deg-ṡín good weather : bliadan tra ṡuthach co ndeghsín AU ii 48. 16 . ib. 80. 10 . bliaduin tsuthach...go ndeightsín ALC i 78. 6 .

deg-ṡluag a valiant host : ina ndírim d.-sluaigh, Cog. 216. 3 .

deg-ṡuattae well sewn : lethair d., LL 77 a 47 .

deg-thabairt a good giving SG 269. 14 . Cf. deghthabhartha suas well brought up Rel. Celt. ii. 206. 26 .

deg-thacrae a good argument Todd Lect. iv 191 .

deg-thairise well-established : síth mór daingen d.-i do dénum, AU ii 542. 7 = AFM iii 650. 1 . faithful, trusty : do pfocaib codil...d.-i, IT ii2 136 (l. 359) .

deg-thalland a good talent : degthimthrechta ┐ degtallanda, Ml. 69 c 2 .

deg-thám a good death Gorm. June 5 .

deg-thásc, SG 262. 7 .

deg-thengaid a good speaker, advocate : muna roib aca comet in d., Laws i 84. 16 .

deg-thengthach well-spoken : fer dána d., ZCP vi 50. 33 .

deg-thenn very strong : dúine deightheanna, Acall. 936 .

deg-thermonn a good asylum : dín ┐ d., ALC i 518. 9 .

deg-thidnacul a good gift Ériu iv 24. 13 .

deg-thimthirecht a good service : degthimthrechta ┐ degtallanda, Ml. 69 c 2 .

deg-thoirbert a goodly gift : ar troma a dhuas ┐ a dh. AFM v 1608. 7 .

deg-thóisech a good chief : degthoesech na buidne LL 100 b 17 . deaghthaoiseach, Top. Poems 24. 10 .

deg-thor a good multitude : buaidh cech d.-t[h]uir AFM ii 600. 14 . ib. 612. 17 .

deg-threb a goodly tribe : eiter cealla ┐ congbhála daoine ┐ deighthrebha crodh ┐ cethra, AFM i 454. 11 . Cf. degthrech.

deg-thromm very heavy Acall. 4954 .

deg-thuarastal good pay or wages AFM v 1814. 9 .

deg-ualach a good load ITS x p. 200 .

deg-Ulltach a brave Ulsterman : díne d., MR 220. 19 .

deg-ord a proper service : is cōir degurd do dēnam, Ériu i 44. 9 , 13 .

C In verb. cpds. deg:

deg-brissim I break well Acall. 1810 n. bar dindgna do degbrisiud, LL 225 a 25 .

deg-cóirigim I arrange well MS. Mat. p. 495 .

deg-cummaim I shape well: delb...derscnaigthi da cach deilb dar degcumad, MR 186. 25 .

deg-dénam: ronert co mor a maccu immon cocad do d., LL 228 b 12 .

deg-diglaim I avenge fully: rodegdiglad a bráthair leis, Cog. 100. 26 .

deg-ḟetur: rod. I know well IT iii 89. 6 .

deg-fognaim I serve well: Dia dia ndegḟognand LL 145 b 40 .

deg-rúnaigim I give good advice Ériu iii 162 § 14 .

deg-ṡeolaim I direct well: rodírgedh ┐ rodegṡeolad cruadhurchar cuca cacha certdhírge, MR 266. 5 .

deg-ṡocraim I establish firmly: rodhaingnigh ┐ rodheghṡocraidh...sin, ALC ii 354. 11 .

deg-therbaim I separate well Metr. Dinds. ii 48. 30 .

deg-thidnaicim I present well RC viii 348. 16 .

deg-thocbáil: a dhalta do dh. os cách, ALC i 552. 31 .

deg-thullim I deserve well: rodegthuill mór nualand nard, LL 137 b 14 .

deramrae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deramrae or dil.ie/15544

n ( amrae ) great marvel: adsluindiu do riched | a ṅd.¤ ndaingen, Fél. Ep. 342 (anderamna, andéramrae, condermaire, v.l.). See der-.

1 il

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 il or dil.ie/27239
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: iliu, hil, n-ili, il, lia, lia, il, ilága, il, il, il-

adj i (orig. u, GOI § 358 ). As subst. a p. iliu, O'Dav. 621. LL. 119b50 . Sg. form of adj. with pl. noun : nidat glain for n-adbai hil (: dil), SR 7996.

With a noun in pl. many, numerous: atá n-ili dána in spirto `that the Spirit's gifts are many,' Wb. 12a11 . it corp in boill-sin cit íli, 12a13 . arnaib réib ilib, 22a8 . inna leri ili gl. operas multas, Ml. 28c2 . os ní ili `we many', 43a6 . rugil (gl. nonnullo= rug-il `sehr viel'), ZCP vii 488 § 41 , cf. GOI § 366. co mmárbuidin martrae | naptar ili lochtae, Fél. March 18. fertae amrai ili | dogénatar airi, ib. Ep. 175. it ile imda mo anmandsa cheana, BDD² 554. ili insi Mod ... ili tonna mara : liä dāma Domnaill, Bruchst. i § 12 . bātar ili Cothraige | cetharthrebe dia fognad `many were there whom C. ... used to serve,' Thes. ii 309.3 . do flaithib ilib echtrandaib, Laws ii 308.17 . di each dec diamut ili sealbu `if they have belonged to various owners,' v 242.10 Comm. robdar úaite a n-éolaig ┐ robdar ile a n-anéolaich, Ériu iv 126.10 . fíad andrib ilib, LU 3902. ili ceanna, ūatte enech, ZCP viii 195 § 10. bid uaite bar n-airchisechtai, bidt ile bar námait, Alex. 223. go ro chaoininn m'ulca ile, Measgra D. 42.27 .

With a noun in sg. manifold, much, great: cosin taidbse il gl. cum multa ostensione, Ml. 30b11 . in tomais il .i. in toimseo truim (gl. multi ponderis), 20a21 . bith cen ṡeotu | arlicud il | ilar carat `much lending,' Tec. Corm. § 14.29 .

As subst. many, a multitude: tresa n-íccatar híli `through which many may be saved,' Wb. 27c20 . do ṡlund hile `to signify many,' Sg. 28b24 . ní derscaigi in comparit di hilib a cheneiuil feissin, 40a6 . a n-il gl. multum, Ml. 43d23 . aisnefimit uáiti do ilib dib `de multis pauca perstringemus,' Lat. Lives 45.7 . togaethfaid sochaide soifid iliu, LL 119b50 . gellfat-sa de fīad ile in the presence of many, ZCP x 41.22 . co ttangattar ili diabhal ina thimcheall, BNnÉ 6 § 19. tidhnacul mbīdh ... coemthach n-ile, ACL iii 296 § 41. fechtas for iliu oenfer `which one man wreaks upon many,' O'Dav. 621. ar ilib ... ┐ ní ar na huilib dóinib `pro multis .. non pro omnibus,' PH 5227. dú in ro marbhadh íle, AFM i 440.9 . cf. ile .i. iomad, no iolardha, O'Cl.

Equative: con bús lir bommanna ega, TBC-LL¹ 5949. comtar lir gainem mara ... a lleithchind ┐ a llethchloicne ..., RC iii 177.29 . For compar. : comtís lir a mmairb anda a mbí, TBC-LL¹ 6006. at lir turim thrá frassa na saiget past counting, LU 2212. With compar. ending for comparative : is liriu feoir no folt fidbuide `more numerous than ...,' Ir. Gl. p. 70 n . Compar. lia more, more numerous, greater: nabad lia diis no thriur `let it not be more than ...,' Wb. 13a4 . lia gl. plures, Sg. 41a9 . air robtar lia sidi ol mbatar maicc israhel, Ml. 123a8 . ce beth lin is lia do crichaib eturru `a greater number of territories,' Laws i 222.z Comm. lia ceasta canoine nā canoin, ocus lia aicned inā udaras, iii 32.8 Comm. at líu luibni fidbad fann | no ruibni rinndglan retglann, SR 7291. is lia indisi ┐ epirt a ndo ligdath doadbat `beyond telling,' Ériu ii 114 § 39. is lia turem tra ┐ aisneis ina mboí dí degmnáib and, LU 8416. ni ḟil nech is lia seóit ... andú-sa, TBC-LL¹ 59. níba lia in rí is taig andā-side `the king had not more people ...,' ZCP xii 272.30 . bid lia a mairb lais na hoirgne andáta a mbí, BDD² 801. longes ba liu andasaide, Cog. 228.14 . ar mhodh nach liadh da a gceannuibh ina da gceudfadhuibh (=quot capita, tot sententiae), Luc. Fid. 333.4 . iomdha fochuinn as a bfoil | fearg ag Chríosd re cloinn Ádhaimh | ... lia tobar na trócuire ` stronger ,' Dán Dé xxi 12. is lia ná soin daonnacht Dé greater , x 12 . am lia d'ḟios is d'ealadhain `I am richer in knowledge ...,' Content. xiv 10. Ír, ní raibhe laoch ba lia `no warrior was greater,' Keat. ii 747. With de : nocha liauite in biadh `the food is not the more plentiful,' Laws ii 28.17 Comm. is liate in da urlabra `the more lengthy,' Auraic. 635. indar leosom gach imat cruth bias fora ndee is liai-di a cumhachta, Marco P. § 152. liaide duine ag dul 'n-a teach | cor na gcreach ar Muire amach, DDána 21 § 16. lía assa lía more and more numerous: lia sa lia an t-aos ealodhna, Ériu v 52.10 . lia sa lia treablaid is teadhma, Dán Dé xii 2. cóir cungnamh as lia sa lia, DDána 34 § 9. lía assa chách more and more numerous: ┐ ni lia 'sa cach iad ┐ ni huaiti, YBL 85a23 . Superl. issē mac dian lia eōlas i nĒrind, Ériu viii 156.7 . ar an leirg bhus lia duine very numerous ?, DDána 24 § 8. corn lán as lia trócuire, A. Ó Dálaigh ix 1. fód as lia iasg ar abhann, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 8 § 3 v.l. an tráth as teirce an fhéile | 's as lia lucht an toibhéime, L. Cl. A. B. 64.154 . lia toimhdeadh atá don fhior very many , 174.61 .

Adv. ind il greatly: multum .i. is ind il as ferr iudeus quam gentilis, Wb. 2a4 . With de : is lia de creitfess `the more ,' 23b7 .

Compds. il is most commonly compounded with plur. nouns, but may also be compounded with nouns of a collective or abstract character, e.g. il-chésad, il-chonách, il-ecor, il-ḟodlaidetu. ¤adbai many dwellings: dia n-ergnaib, dia n-iladbaib, SR 7264. ¤adbara many materials ? : ri secht nimi, rí talman, | ardruiri na n-iladbar, 7734 . ¤ág manifold combat, many fights: g. (? s. or p.) airm ilága , TBC-LL¹ 4105. ¤aicdi many materials: rasilsat i. adhamrai ann .i. nemaind Locha Lein, Anecd. ii 6.6 . ¤aicmi many races, many families: nicon fogail hilltuathai ┐ hilaicme fear talman, Alex. 236. ¤airdbe many slayings: bé dia mbiat ilardbe | eter Ulto erredaib, IT i 69.9 . ¤airm many weapons: dia n-ilarmib, SR 732. ¤anman many names: ilanman domber doib du(a)id 'many names which David gives to them', Études Celt. xl 65 ( Ml. 48c34 ​). ainmnigud oen folaid húa ilanmmanaib, Sg. 30a5 . ¤arda many heights: dor-riagat ilardae uisscib indberaib, BDD² 455. ¤átha many fords: for ilathaib Boinde, YBL 173b52 . m'oenur dam ar ilathaib, TBC-LL¹ 2336. co mensat (leg. memsat, Ed.) ort forsna ilathu, LU 6097. ¤baill many limbs: dorígeni dia corp ... ó ilballaib, Wb. 12a29 . ¤bélrae, ¤bérlai, ¤bérlada n. later m. many languages: is ferr precept oldaas labrad ilbéelre, 12d7 . ni labrátar uili ó ilbélrib, 12b22 . do fogluim na n-ilberla fon doman, Laws i 20.7 Comm. iar cumasc na n-ilbérlae `after the confusion of tongues,' Ériu iv 140.21 . eoin ... cantai ilcheolu i n-ilbelraib, ii 118 § 54 . áit ionar thiodhnuic Día ilbhérladha an domhain do Neamhrúadh, IGT Introd. 3.12 . ¤benna many horned animals: il-benda, Laws i 64.9 . ¤berta ` many burdens,' many tasks ?: gessa ┐ i. bítis for Coinculainn, RC xiv 398 § 1. ¤blassa see blas. ¤blátha many blossoms: forsnig inna hilblátha, Imr. Brain § 6. ¤blíadnai many years: ecmaing bátir ilblédni, § 62. demun oca himluad fri hil-bliadnu, PH 1990. ¤brecht(n)ugud great diversification, great variegation: hilbrectnugud retland roglan i n-aidchi réoid, TBC-LL¹ 5048. ilbrechtnugud cech datha inti, Acall. 5454 n. ilbrechtugud, 7168 . ¤brechtrad, ¤mrechtrad manifold variety: adiecta cona n-ilmrechtrud, Sg. 29b6 . hilbrectradh ndath n-éxamail na cathsciath, CCath. 1728. as lais tuccadh ilbrechtradh gacha datha i n-edighibh ar tús, AFM i 42.z . ¤bríathra many words: mrechtrad inna n-ilbriathar, Ml. 122d11 . ¤brugai (see mruig) g p. imtiagad breatha ilbruige `the judgments on the various farms vary,' Laws v 466.15 . ¤búada many victories, many outstanding qualities: dia n-ilbuadaib, SR 716. ra bátar ilbuada ilarda ... for Coinculaind, TBC-LL¹ 660. innisidh a iolbhuadha, DDána 67 § 23. ¤búaid great excellence ?: lat mac n-oebind co n-ilbúaid, SR 2864. ¤buidne many bands: na hilbuidni airridrici, TTebe 1444 . ¤chaingni many affairs, many troubles: ba mertnech Moisi ... fri hi., SR 4542. ¤chatha many battles: fri frithalim n-i., 5058 . ¤chathraig many cities: Sg. 13a2 . a n-ilchathrachaib tíre Iúda, PH 3675. ¤chelga many treacheries: a fhír-indilltech na n-il-chelg n-exsamail, 8174 . ¤chella many churches : et fundavit il-cella i nDáil Araidi, Lat. Lives 34.13 . ¤chenéle many kinds: ataat i. bérli isin biuth so, Wb. 12d4 . ¤chennadacha many provinces: do luid ri Eoganachta for creich ┐ innrudh ilchendadhach, YBL 1a16 . ¤chenna many heads: tolaib ilchend (of a beast), SR 882. ¤chéola, ¤chéol many melodies, many harmonies, manifold music: binnithir ilcheólu in domain ..., LU 2034. co srethaib ... ilchéolaib, SR 992. parrthus cona thairthib ┐ cona il-cheolaib, YBL 157a16 . binn leisna harcainglibh ilcēol na hēnlaithe, ZCP viii 199 § 5. seinn i., Studies 1919, 611 § 1 . ¤cherda many crafts, many accomplishments: batar hi. inganta leo, PH 889. go ráith bhfódsgoraigh na n-ilcheard n-éagsamhail, DDána 70 § 14. ioldanach .i. duine lan d'ealadhnaib no d'ilcheardaib, O'Cl. ¤chésad ` act of torturing in various ways' : go raibhe dá il-chéasadh ann (i.e. in Hell), TSh. 564. ¤chéta many hundreds: tríasna hilchéta blíedne, Imr. Brain § 65. co ruc il-chéta bó as, RC xvii 363.8 . ¤chethrai many cattle, cattle of various kinds: isin cumusg n-ilcethra `in the intermixture of various cattle,' Laws ii 4.y Comm. imtar imdai a n-i., SR 4662. ¤chíalla many meanings: na ilchialla asind óinrainn, Sg. 197a17 . o oin inna n-ilchial, 154a1 . ataat ilchialla isint sun ebraidiu, Ml. 37a10 . ¤chinéla many races: na hilltuatha ┐ na hilchinela, LB 122b39 . ¤chlessa many tricks: a ilcleasa neme ar indell aicci, TBC-LL¹ 3931 (Stowe). i n-árach a n-il-chleas `varied tricks,' TSh. 528. ¤choin many hounds: airm i mbiat i. géra, LU 2418. ¤chomarbas manifold heirship: can forbeir coimaithces ? A il-comarbus `from several heirs,' Laws iv 68.19 . ¤chomraic many encounters, many combats: nipa frithenech debtha hit ilchomraicib, LU 3495 (SC). ¤chonách : dochuaidh ilconach do Césair `manifold prosperity,' CCath. 2368. ¤chuir many turns ? many circles ? : línib hilchor (a cheville), SR 166 ¤chrícha many territories: i n-ilchrīchaib comadais, ACL iii 218 § 7. ¤dála many delays: a ben, ná bi ic hildalaib, SR 1698. ¤dána many gifts, many arts, many accomplishments ; sg. ¤dán varied skill, manifold science: nítat ildáni do óenfiur et ní óen dán do sochuidi `it is not many gifts to one man ...,' Wb. 21a16 . tormaigid eneclann du neoch il-dana du beith aigi, Laws v 108.16 Comm. In sg. : fairenn cach ildāna of every varied gift, Ériu iv 163.14 . ? used as adj. iar n-eladnaib ildánaib, SR 2226. ¤dath, ¤datha sg. and pl. many hues, varied colouring: Emne co n-ildath féle, Imr. Brain § 60. co mbrechtaib cach illdatha, SR 56. Loch Riach ..., illatha de gach n-aenlā dath gorm, dath buidhe ..., ZCP v 24 § 14. Attrib. gen.: i mbeirtibh óir ioldatha, TD 7 § 26. ¤dechraib d p. many differences: isnaib i., Ml. 125d7 . ¤delba many shapes, varied shapes: rí rodasgni ... i. na n-anmanna, SR 7270. ¤dírib d p. many fines, many compensations: slan enech ecmaing in il-dirib i n-ordaib il-grad ecsi, YBL 179b13 . ¤draídechta varied enchantments: na hildraidhechta ┐ na hileicne ro imerset draithe Cormaic orro, RC xliii 58 § 58. ¤dúili many elements: trí accomol n-ildule `through the conjunction of many elements,' Ml. 145c4 . ro chainset na hilldúile, SR 7760. ¤échta many slayings, many slain: re himad na n-ar ocus na n-ilécht, MR 240.8 . āra ┐ ilēchta, TTebe 2856 . ¤ecor much decoration, much inlay: etaigi caema ... arna n-ilecur do snath alaind orda, TTebe 2214 . Attrib. gen.: ruithean na cathbarr n-orda n-ileagair, 917 . cloidim cru[a]idgher ... ┐ se ordhuirn ilegair, Aen. 1955. ¤ḟaebair, ¤ḟaebra many weapons, varied weapons: na hairm ┐ na hilḟaebair, Acall. 2031. ní geibhtis renna ná ilfaebra he, RC xliii 46 § 45. gé bhrisim ... beirn le beagán iolfhaobhar, DDána 82 § 2. Metaph. armtha lé hiol-fhaobhraibh na haithrighe, TSh. 10816. ¤ḟodla many divisions: nos deocraigitt i n-ecsamlus na n-ilfodal fil forsin mbairdni, IT iii 6 § 4. ¤ḟodlaidetu manifold division: cid i n-airecar ilfodlaidetu forsin cetardu sin (viz. na cethri primfodla filed forsin bardni), IT iii 6 § 4. ¤ḟolta : fri slond n-ilḟolad `to signify many substances,' Sg. 28b22 . ¤ḟuirech much delay: ní bad muilleóir duit fer ilḟuirig `a man of much delay,' Tec. Corm. § 34.5 . níbat ilḟurig im írad n-echtrand `do not often delay ...,' SCC 272 (= LU 3471 ). ¤gáiri, later ¤gáirthe, ¤gár(r)tha many cries, much clamour: a cuirdís óic ilgáire, Acall. 3094. fodord mor ... ┐ ilgaire troma fergacha, LB 151b37 . iolgháirthe gan méid do mhair, IGT Decl. ex. 1983. iolgháirthe badhbh is brainéan, TD § 31. iolach ┐ iolgarrtha, RC xxix 122.7 . ¤gáirdes much joy: cūis ilghairdis, Fl. Earls 238.10 . ¤gáirdiugud much rejoicing or merrymaking: ticdiss ... d'ilghairdiugadh inntinne dōip `to make amusement for them,' 58.15 . ¤gessa many spells, many enchantments: mar mhná na n-ilgheas oile, TD 1 § 17. ó do imdhigh a n-ilgheasa `their great prerogatives,' Aithd. D. 45 § 3. ar eól amhra i n-ilgheasaibh, Hackett l 8. ¤géill many hostages: a p. huaire do-foxla ilgiallu, Laws iv 330.4 Comm. ¤glésa many arrangements, manifold equipment: im thalmain co n-ilglessaib, SR 90. re hil-gles a hoirfideach, MR 102.17 . ¤gné many kinds, varied appearances: bieit i. indi són, Ml. 97a1 . Lucifer linib hilgne, SR 1690. nocon fetarsa indat ilgnae do-chuirither in folt fair fo indat trí fuilt failet fair, BDD² 1125. ¤gníma many deeds, various deeds: nicond ailet il-gnima `various works,' Laws v 414.x . a ghríobh na n-ilghníomh n-orrdhuirc, DDána 92 § 40. soidheach il-ghníomh n-amhghlan inn, Aithd. D. 73 § 3. tar eis na n-ilgnim sin do denum, Stair Erc. 1223. ¤gotha : ba uisse ce notectad ilgotha ` many sounds ,' Sg. 197a11 . ¤grád(a) many orders, many grades: ni do thoimsib na n-hilgrad, SR 714. cona ecalsib i n-ilgradaib, ZCP iii 223 § 4. ¤gréssa many ornamentations, many illuminations (of a MS.) : in sgribenn n-amrae ... cona ilgresaib aillib examlaib, Fél. 90.6 . ¤imad very many, a great quantity: maille re hiolimad dona págánachaibh, Ériu v 192.530 . ioliomad édála léo, 194.564 . fer saidhbhir ... co n-ílimad gacha maithusa, RC x 187.14 . Ionas, Iob, ┐ il-iomad oile, TSh. 8434. go n-ilimat bād ┐ ethor, Fl. Earls 86.12 . ¤innéirge : ilinnerghe ineragar o ecluis bunuidh `many desertions are made from an original church,' Laws iii 64.20 . ¤intliuchta : sluindes ilsésu ┐ ilintliuchtu `that signifies many senses and many meanings,' Ml. 37a10 . ¤lanna many blades: ar fich arm il-land ngorm, LL 43a13 . ¤liuna a p. : arna tormastar fort iliuna len lighe `lest there be added to thy numerous sorrows the sorrows of a sick bed,' Ériu viii 173.30 . ¤litre many letters: ar it lia sillaba o illitrib quam ó oinlitrib, Sg. 71a18 . ? ¤lúamand : ? roīr dam ... deich tallima taroeda il-luamand, Ériu ii 28.31 . ¤luicc many places: dorata i. dáib, Trip.² 1185. ¤maicni many tribes, many families: frisna iltuathaib ┐ frisna ilmacnib ┐ frisna ilmílib, TBC-LL¹ 453. ¤maín(e) much wealth, many treasures, many gifts: ladiri ocus ilmuine mic Dé `manifold powers,' Laws i 22.22 Comm. ar id ilmaoine moighter comarbaib, iv 266.24 . fuath lais ór is iolmhaoine, Aithd. D. 20 § 21. do bhronn d'filidh ilmhaíne, IGT Decl. ex. 1173. Fig. (see maín (c)) ; im ṡeirc Dé ba hilmain, Fél. Feb. 11. taimthiu Ióib ilmain (? in app. to taimthiu), June 30 . ¤mara many seas: tíre is iolmhara eadroinn, Studies 1918, 453 § 15 . ¤mairb many dead: ro-thóduscastar hil-marbu ... lais a bás, PH 3747. ¤míana many desires: cin nach n-uiressbhaidh dia n-ilmianaib, Stair Erc. 624. ¤míla many animals: Adam, sruth is ilmílaib, SR 1642. cona huilib hilmilaib, 1632 . ¤míli many thousands: i fil ilmíli brecc mban, Immrama 11 § 19. bíaid ... cath for ilmilib, IT i 131.39 . cid oenfer do hilmilib, SR 4024. co ruca hilmíle lett dochum Nime, Lat. Lives 82.11 . do caithedar ... ilmilti do liagaibh lámh, Stair Erc. 1549. ¤mílid many soldiers: in coica curad ... ┐ na hilmili[d], TTebe 3259 . ¤mná many women: cell a ndentar imot adaltrais ri hilmnaib, Laws v 122.6 Comm. ¤moda many ways: roptar cosmaile hó ilmodaib .i. Moyṡi ocus Pátraic, Trip. ii 474.20 . ¤nathraig many snakes, various snakes: co n-immud a hillnathrach, SR 4684. ¤phairti many parts: cor bloidh in cathbarr a n-ilpairtibh, Stair Erc. 354. ¤phectha many sins: acht ro pennead a n-ilpeacta, Laws v 448.2 . a lloss ilpeacadh cloinde n-Adaim, Leb. Gab.(i) 8.11 . ¤phersain multiplicity of persons, many persons: ní tre ilpersa sed per filium dei (? leg. ¤persana, Edd.), Wb. 32b2 . ¤phíana many pains, varied pains: coro innithmigtís hiffer[n]d cona ilphíanaib, LU 1960. ag ingheilt ar il-phianaibh ifrinn cropping the varied pains of hell, TSh. 1963. ¤phíanad act of torturing in many ways: tuc co port Rig da riagad | na hiuidail, da n-il-pianad, Metr. Dinds. iii 416.34 . dá il-phianadh go síordhaidhe, TSh. 9165. pl. varied tortures: imat ilpianad itfrinn, RC xxviii 320 § 37. ¤phíasta, ¤phésti many or varied beasts, many reptiles: eisc ┐ ilpiasta ichtair in aiceoin, Ériu v 20.12 . no-chodlad a oenur eter na hilphiasta ┐ ni erchoitigitis do, PH 875. tearc ann do na hilphiastaibh, DDána 112 § 16. ¤phíast, ¤phéist (= oillphíast, see s.v. oll) s. monster, serpent: an dubh-loch ... irraibhe an il-péist fraochdha, BNnÉ 135. iiib. 14 . ilphiast 'na hinbhearaibh, TD 13 § 10. ¤ranna many parts, various parts: comsuidiugud o ilrannaib uil composition from all the many parts, O'Mulc. 100. ¤ratha many graces, many blessings: is liriu feor nó folt fidbaide i. in marbnaid noeb siu, ZCP iii 225.4 . ¤rechta many shapes: is de atberthe in siriti ara met no delbad i n-ilrechtaib, LU 9009 (FB). domrat ... rí na nuli i n-ilrechtaib, 1290 . ar a immat d'ilr[e]achtaib a téiged sí, Acall. 2402. bean bhroit úaine a n-ilreachduibh, IGT Decl. ex. 1587. ¤rechta ? : fiu a heire éara dá hilreachtaibh, DDána 83 § 1. ¤ríana many paths, many ways: a n-ifurnd na n-ilrīan, ACL iii 216 § 3. échta ┐ ilriana in ármhuighe sin, MR 318.30 . ilriana urbadacha eli ic fostad ... fhoirne dá n-ógbhadhaibh, 316.28 . many floods, many seas ? : atraachtatar a róin ... ┐ a chenandain ┐ i. in mara, CRR § 10. ¤rind many stars: firmiminti na n-i., SR 274. ¤rith manifold course ?, many courses ? : srethaib ilretha rétlann, SR 718. ¤rúna, ¤rún many mysteries, varied mystery ? : ri rooirdnistar mac Nún | Essu, co n-immud hilrún, SR 5006. d'aisneis ocus d'ḟiadhnughadh aignidh ocus illruine na n-oghbriathar, MR 92.1 . ¤ṡailm many psalms: it ilsailm hi tadbadar foisitiu a pecthae do duaid, Ml. 32b18 . ¤ṡésu a p. : sluindes ilsésu ┐ ilintliuchtu `that signifies many senses ...,' 37a10 . ¤ṡelb many possessions: ag nach fuil gradh ilṡelba, Imr. Brain 88.5 . ¤ṡenman : cosmulius tuib arataat ilsenman `many sounds,' Wb. 12c46 . ¤ṡétchi many wives: adellad ilsétchi `that frequent various mates,' Mon. Tall. 132.1 . ¤ṡlúaig many hosts : a p. inna ilslogu, Tur. 110a . is mortcend do ilslúagaib, LU 8958 (FB). ¤tegdaisi many dwellings: ... catrach ... ┐ iltegdaisi i medon indde, Hib. Min. 221. ¤tintudai many translations: ataat i. leu cene, Ml. 3a14 . ¤tíre many lands: for túathaib, for iltírib, SR 6620. ¤toimtin many meanings: de dliguth inna n-iltoimdden, Sg. 26b7 . ¤tóisigh : dorochratar i. rothréna di cechtar na dá ṡlóg, TTr.² 1120. ¤treba : etir iltrebu `between many tribes,' Ml. 37d10 . ¤túatha many peoples: for hinnilib na n-iltuath, SR 2346. fo hill-tuathaib in domain, PH 6452. na hilltuatha ┐ na hil-chinela, LB 122b39 . ¤uisci many waters: amal tondgur n-iluisce, SR 608.

With adjj. It has been found convenient to take together adjj. compounded with il- and those derived from compound nouns of which il- is the first element, e.g. ilchenélach, ilainglech, ilmíanach, as it is not always easy to distinguish between them. There seems to be a distinction in meaning. il-, in the true compounds, having for the most part merely intensive force, e.g. il-bind, il-chrúaid, il-gránda. With those adjj. which clearly derive from compound nouns no hyphen is used here. ¤adbal very vast: ō Muir Icht álaind iladhbail, ACL iii 231.21 . ilainglech surrounded by many angels: co ríg n-il-ainglech n-ūasal, Thes. ii 300.8 ( Hy. i ). ilarmach many-weaponed: ger'bo raith óc i., Acall. 2741. ¤bind of manifold sweetness: sluag ... i., ilchaem, ... co claiscedal aingel, YBL 163b17 . ¤blasta very sweet, very tasty: cruithnecht i., LB 139a52 . ¤bras very eager, very quick: a bil-[l]aburthach ilchlesach i., PH 8181. a il-geranach ... il-ceolach i., YBL 162a20 . ¤brecc much variegated, very spotted: inar do s[h]rōll ilbreac ingantach, ML² 1471. ba hi in nirmamint ilbrec, Cog. 178.19 . forsna sciathaib ilbrecca, LB 152b31 . na haquili ... ilbreca `the speckled eagles,' CCath. 4927. ua (= ba) hilbrecca illathach na moigi ... risna cethaib comgela cubair, TTebe 2340 . As subst. : díallait órdha co n-ilbrecaibh, Imr. Brain 68.21 . ¤brechtach much variegated: sciath oirderc ilbreachtach, TTebe 3576 . ¤brén very foul: slog mor dub dorcha i. ... do démnaib, PH 8101. hi tégdais ... tenntige il-brein, 8297 . ¤brethach of many judgments, critical: an fhlaith ríoghdha il-bhreithech, RC xliii 280.z . il-geranach imchosaitech i., PH 8180. ¤bruthach very fiery: slog ... i. ... do démnaib, 8102 . ¤búadach of many victories, having many outstanding qualities: a nda sciath ailli ilbuadhacha, CF 295. conaca in tiprait ... n-ilbúadaig `endowed with many virtues,' Ériu iv 100 § 34. clanna ilbuadacha na hErend, Cog. 52.2 . gluaisis mac Ruaidhrí an ruathair iolbhuadhaigh, Aithd. D. 4 § 3. As an epithet : Oscar ilbuadhach, CF 786. ¤chaem very beautiful, possessing many charms: sluag ... il-bind i., YBL 163b17 . ilchenélach of many races: na hAdam-clainni ilcenealaichi, Cog. 166.6 . ilchenélaigthe peopled with many races: clanna ... na hErend ilcenelaigthi, 52.2 . ilchennach many-headed: in pheist irdairc úathmar i., LU 2429. pesti ... ilchennacha, RC xxviii 318 § 36. ¤chéolach of many melodies ?, very melodious ? : fail coll n-écsi n-ilcheólach ` music-haunted ,' Metr. Dinds. iii 286.24 . i nÉirinn ilcheolaigh, Aithd. D. 4 § 5. ag éisteacht ré hoirfideadh il-cheólach, TSh. 10916. uttering many complaints ? : a ilgeranach ... ilceolach ilbras, YBL 162a20 . ilchéolta : in fhailti ilceolta `many melodied,' RC xxviii 322 § 49. ilcherdach skilled in many crafts, very skilful, skilfully made: ionann iomorro ioldánach is ilcheardach, Keat. iii 666. ón mhúr ḟoirbhthe ilcheardach, TD 16 § 40. ilchessach : glic an éigse ilcheasach `of many problems,' Dánfhocail § 66. ilchíallda of many meanings: focail i., Content. v 43. ilchlannach having many descendants, having many divisions: clann .i. fodhail, ut est ro clui aicme ilclannaigh (v.l. ilclannach) `a tribe of many subdivisions languished,' O'Dav. 350 (? read he overthrew a tribe ...). go hAdhamh ... n-ilchlannach, MR 98.9 . possessed of many qualities or qualifications ? : iar n-urd eolais ilclandaigh, Leb. Cert. 236.7 . is ferr aicni ilclannach as a mbuaidh bretha berdar .i. asa mberar in brethemnus co buadach, O'Curry 2276 (< Eg. 88, fo. 20c ) = aiccnedh i., O'Curry 1610 (< 23 Q 6, p. 5b ). ilchlessach of many feats, of many tricks: an fear fionn iolchlesach, TBC-LL¹ 5466 (Stowe). Aengus ilclessach, Acall. 2732. a bil-[l]aburthach il-chlesach il-bras, PH 8181. ag aimsighthibh ilchleasacha an aidhbhirseóra, TSh. 10489. ¤chlóen very wily ? : as subst. : co Sencha mac Coscra, co ilcloin, Ériu i 116 § 5. ¤chodach ? : i. airchetail, IT iii 105 § 208. ¤chonda very wolfish, very fierce: cāinḟāel i. `ein ... vielgrimmer Wolf,' Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 25 (a) . ¤chossáitech very quarrelsome, much given to complaining: a ilgeranach, ilchossaidech, YBL 162a19 . ¤chráibthech very pious: betha Fharannain iolcraibtigh, Anecd. iii 1.5 . ¤chréchtnaighthe having many wounds ?, very badly wounded ?: cuirp ... ilcrechtnaigthe, LB 207a16 . dofuit ... M. ilcrectnaigte la hAicil, BB 439a21 . ¤chrothach very shapely ?, of many shapes, of varied beauty ? : ba hingen cumachtach i. hi (of Caer Ibormeith who had power to change into a bird), Aisl. Óeng. 19.7 . i mmag n-Árach n-i., Metr. Dinds. iv 28.46 . na heoin ailli il-chrothacha, KMMisc. 316.15 . i [bh]feidhm eolais ilchrothaigh, Leb. Cert. 236.3 . A common epithet of Juno : Iunaind ilcrothach, TTebe 2621 . in t-anmann ilchrothach-side (of Juno transforming herself into many shapes of animals) `this many-formed animal,' Stair Erc. 87. in rigan og alaind i., 929 . ¤chrúaid very hard: iombualadh ... iolchrúaidh, Atlantis iv 212.y . ildánach very gifted, skilled, accomplished, having many gifts or accomplishments (frequently used as subst.) : is amlaid bái in Dond Cualgni dubdond diumsach...illanach, IT iii 245.77 . ioldanach .i. duine lan d'ealadhnaibh no d'ilcheardaibh, O'Cl. Of the heads of crafts appointed by the ollamhs at the Feis of Eamhain ┐ the Feis of Cruachan to preside over the industries of the country : do gairthí ioldánaigh dona saoithibh-se. Ionann ... ioldánach is ilcheardach, Keat. iii 664 - 6 . tráighfidh muir ... go hiongantach ioldánach, DDána 29 § 6. fear ... ioldanach i lLaidin, AFM v 1584.9 . ioldánach `a jack-of-all-trades ,' O'R. As sobriquet of Lugh Lámhfada (cf. Samildánach) : ó armmuib in Illdhánaigh, Anecd. i 31 § 49. Superl. amail is illdanaighe dofuaramar according to the most expert knowledge we could find, BB 38a9 . ildathach many-coloured: co n-étaigib ildathachaib, TBFr. 36. in tuaig nimi n-illdathaig, SR 2628. cóeca ingen [n-]illdathach `arrayed in many colours,' SCC 803 (= LU 3980 ). meirgi ard ill-dathach, ML² 1181. barr i. in talman, O'Mulc. 201. a hearr iol-dathach (of a peacock), TSh. 2352. Name of a mythical country , as ā, f. : techt in-Ildathig i.e. nomen regionis, Imr. Brain § 24. ildathaigthe many-coloured: meic ... Israeil na thErend illataigthi, Cog. 160.18 . ildelbach having many shapes, adorned with many figures; beautiful ? : Emne i. fri rían, Imr. Brain § 19. amal cach scrin n-ildelbaig, SR 4212. issind dluim chruind ildealbhach `in the round, multiform cloud,' Ériu ii 108 § 22. in maccamh óg ildealbach, Acall. 1680. lēine il-delbach ōr-s[h]náith, ML² 1690. treabh na n-earradh n-ildealbhach `with varied vestures,' TD 21 § 26. saorchorn óir ildealbhaigh `of variously wrought gold,' 31 § 7 . ildelbda many-shaped: hilerda na n-anman n-án | is na n-i. ndermár creatures of varied shape, SR 310. ildionnach many-hued ? : don mhoigh eangbhláith i. (: Teamhrach), TD 24 § 37. ildírech : beas ill-danach, bid ill-direach he will have many fines (of one to whom because his honour-price is high, large fines are due for injury suffered), Laws v 108.12 . Aurard ilgradhach ildanach ildirech, Anecd. ii 65.6 . ¤ecairthe much adorned, adorned in various ways: cathbarr ... d'or alaind ilecairthi, TTebe 3205 . ilḟaebrach armed with many weapons: don druing fhuiligh iolfhaobhruigh ` sharp-sworded ,' Aithd. D. 3 § 17. ilḟoclach containing many words: in gach aen ebert ilfoclaig, Auraic. 1558. ilgáirdeach agreeable, pleasing: ru-s-taispein ē fēin go supailceach ilghairdeach dōib, Fl. Earls 38.x . ba lūthghāireach ilgairdeach lasin rīg ..., 222.25 . ¤geránach : a il-geranach `[thou soul] full of complaints,' PH 8180. ilgessach possessing many powers or enchantments: an líg n-ilgheasaigh n-áluinn ` many-virtued ,' TD 22a § 41 . ilgnéthech of many kinds: ilghnétheach, iolradh, eugsamhla ` Divers ,' Eg. Gl. 416. ilgnímach skilled in the performance of many deeds: uair nirb óc, rop i., Metr. Dinds. iii 242.12 . ind Aige ḟíal i., ii 66.8 . ilgnúisech ? : firmarius (read formarius) .i. ilghnuiseach ` many faced ,' Auraic. 811. ilgonach many-wounding: ardcomrac aigmeil i., CF 666. ilgothach many-voiced: re haltrom én [n]-ilgothach, Ériu i 39 § 3. ¤grádach very distinguished: Aurard ilgradhach ildanach ildirech, Anecd. ii 65.6 . As an epithet : Eicsi il-gradhach inghen Dána, 50.16 . ¤gránda very hideous, very ugly: led dhoirr n-iolghránna n-aidhbhsigh, Content. xxii 19 n . ilgrésach adorned with much ornamental work: chóig imlenda āilli ilgrēsacha `variously wrought,' Fianaig. 58.22 . fā Bera uasail ilghrēsaigh of varied accomplishments, ML² 578. ¤imda very numerous, manifold: ciarsat ailimda a clanna, Cog. 52.1 . deacair foghnamh do thoil dá thighearna | foghnamh iliomdha soin ..., Studies 1932, 140 § 1 . ilmaínech very wealthy, possessing varied treasures: Uisnech álainn iolmhaoinech, ZCP viii 221 § 44. don árus fhairsing ... iol-mhaoineach, TSh. 2729. ¤míanach very covetous: ní bad rannaire duit fer i. `a man of many desires,' Tec. Corm. § 34.4 . ¤níamach very splendid, very bright: na n-edaighi n-ilniamach, Stair Erc. 224. ilphíastach abounding in monsters: ar muir úathmuir ilpíastaigh, Anecd. i 32 § 57. glend aigméil, ilpiastach, uathmar, BNnÉ 131.17 . i gcarcair il-phiastaigh ifrinn, TSh. 802. goibél úathmhar ilphíasdach, IGT Decl. ex. 933. ¤rathach abounding in grace: it riched ilrathach, Fél. Ep. 466. ¤rechtach many-formed ? ; very frenzied ? : is i. in tí 'sa tuarascbáil, MU² 635. is and so cétríastartha im Choin Culaind co nderna úathbásách n-i. n-ingantach ... de, LU 6443. do-rinne fuath n-i. n-anaithnid de, Comp. CC 102.17 . To a woman who had changed appearance : is ilreachtach sin, a bean, ol in mac, RC xxiv 200 § 15. i Ráith ilreachtaigh Eochuill, TD 40 § 21. ilríanach : san éigse il-rianaigh `in the mazy land of poesy,' Content. xxii 14. ¤ṡínach with much bad-weather: gamh ilṡíonach, gaethach ` changeable ,' AFM ii 1100.12 . ¤tairthech very productive, very fertile: morthír ... iltairthech, SR 4702. ¤tríathach very lordly, very princely: mac Edlicon iltríathaig (v.l. imtriathaich) `head of many chiefs,' Metr. Dinds. iii 276.6 .

immirge, immirc(h)e

Cite this: eDIL s.v. immirge, immirc(h)e or dil.ie/27872
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: imirci, imirchi, imirghi

n , f. (imm + éirge) (on the change rh(h), rch>rc in this word see ZCP ix 341 ; Ériu xiii 140 ff. ). imirci, imirchi, imirghi f., IGT Decl. § 3. imríghe, Éigse xxvii 74.1 . imrídhe, 76.49 .

I moving about, wandering, migrating, trekking, shifting (position) : dia talta de in cheirt būi uime, nī bu decmaing techt dī for imirgi a haonar, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 91.21 ). techtai[d] faithchi i mbithbiat caírig cen immirgi without change of place, Críth G. 198. comicheach bis itir da tir dligid lan imirche has a right to a full passage (? for cattle), Laws iv 156.17 . atait secht n-athgabala gabur la Feine cid for imirgi even on a flitting, Laws v 260.16 . for imirge .i. for teithed, 484.23 Comm. intan ba háil do thustidhibh Senáin imeirghi do dhenam `when Senan's parents desired to make a removal (i.e. to change to another district),' Lism. L. 1898. imircedha ┐ aitherraige longphort `shiftings and changes of camp,' CCath. 3439. utmhall mh'imirce a muigh na Bóruime `restless my wandering,' BS § 45 . prespiter in t-ebra uais | ... | senior a laten malle | ní dereōil inn imirge shifting of sounds ?, ZCP viii 113.29 . immirge re ... Bruide, AU i 56.5 (=teichedh do Albanchaib ria mBruidhi, Tigh., RC xvii 142.x ). imirci neirt do dhenum do clainn A. an immigration in force was made by the sons of A., AU iii 252.16 . muintir Ruairc do dhul for imirce `the O'Rourkes went on a migratory excursion,' AFM iii 632.9 . ingantaighi eachtra ┐ imircedh in tsēipēil `the movements and translations of the chapel,' Fl. Earls 124.27 . dol ar imirce dá dhúthaigh féin, TSh. 7766. fhoráileas Críost ar na daoinibh imirce na haithrighe do bheith urlamh inimtheachta aca, 4103 . dochuaid Ádhamh ... go neamh ... 's a bhean araon ar imirche, Dán Dé xvi 24. m'imirce ní snaidhm mar so `thus my passing will be no anguish,' PBocht 23 § 50.

II Concrete for abstr.

(a) a moving body of men, a migrating tribe or household, a band of emigrants, a wandering troop: berthius Crimthand mac Ennae i n-Aird Ladrann fodes immirge na n-Deisse conid de ata Tir na Himmergi `C. sent the wandering host of the Deisse to A. L. southward whence the Land of the Wandering Host,' Cymmr. xiv 108.5 . iar tuidecht do Mac Con a Temuir cona himirge, Fianaig. 36.2 . anais Brigit frisin imairchi B. waited for the migratory band, Irish Texts i 13.40 . rob é lín imirce Mochuda `this was the number of Mochuda's train,' BNnÉ 298 § 40. anūair dobí Maeise mac Amra cona imairce ic techt tar Muir Rūaid, ZCP v 497.24 . is slan carra na imairge do fasta `it is safe to detain the wagons of the emigrating party,' Laws v 258.6 Comm. breith ar deredh na n-imírcedh `the rear of the migratory forces was overtaken,' AU ii 524.18 . in méit térna ó Gallaibh do imercibh cloinne Tomaltaigh ... do chuaid drong dibh a ttír A. ┐ do chuaid Ó D. fúthuibh ┐ nir fhaguib en boin aca `of all the droves' (here seems to include both people and cattle), ALC i 278.24 . rí Connacht do thionól imirceadh na ttuath `the flitting forces,' AFM iii 558.6 . do gheall Críosd ... | ag a imirche asbal, Dán Dé xx 6.

(b) Of moveable property, what is carried on an expedition or trekking, a drove, herd, flock ; chattels: ni rucfaider ind imirgi se for óenchoí, LU 5395. tucait a m-bóthainte bó ┐ a n-alma ┐ a n-immirge dóib, TBC-LL¹ 78. ar a mét ra thálsat na halma ┐ na immirgi a loim ┐ a lacht and, 1592 . masat cethra co ndath chethra | ní himmirgi óenbó, MU² 485. cét cach míl ohoin ille | ro pa mor in imirghe, IT i 125.18 . in raga lim-sa a ingen ? ... ragad egin ar an ingen . tucc ass t'imerge dono, IT ii2 197.7 . Of a single cow : doairthenn C.C. in Morrigan cona bain ┐ asbert : ni berthar ind imerge `this cow must not be taken,' RC x 222.133 . oc breth imerge re sluag `to collect cattle for a host,' Laws i 136.5 . in la ro fuaslaices Find ó Chormac ┐ tucus in chorrimirchi dó and gave him the odd drove, Acall. 4978. do chuirsiot a n-imirgedha a mná ┐ a muinteara i ndaingnibh, AFM v 1848.7 . Of prey in general, gold, jewels, etc.: nirba l[eór] la hAlaxandir an imerci ádbul sin do thabairt fó a chumachta fesin, Alex. 601. Of birds : masat éoin ┐ ethaiti iat ni himmirgi óenéoin, MU² 393. masat elta ... ní himmirgi óenén, 396 . In name of a manuscript ( Peritia xv 373-76 ): ro sgrib in sgribenn n-amrae .i. in Imirce Ciarain, Fél. 90.5 .

1 mac, macc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 mac, macc or dil.ie/31166
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: macc, mac, maicc, meicc, meic, mec, mic, mic, meic, meic, mic, macc, maic, maic, meicc, meic, mec, mic, mic, maccu, macu, macca, macc, maccu, macu, mhaca, mac, maccu, mic, Macniadh, Mág, Méig

n o, m., Generally written in MSS. with contraction m̅c̅ in all forms; when written out, the double consonant is usual in O.Ir., but it is sometimes written single when final, rarely when medial. n s. macc, Wb. 1d9 , 6d6 , 13b29 , 13d10 , Ml. 25b5 . mac, Wb. 13d11 , 32c15 . g s. maicc, Wb. 13b30 , Ml. 17c3 , 7 ; meicc, TBC-LL¹ 801 , 863 , 913 (usual O.Ir. and early Mid.Ir. form). meic, Laws ii 162.13 , TBC-LL¹ 847. mec, IT i 107.2 (H.). mic (later Mid.Ir. and Mod.Ir.); in IGT Dec. ex. 702 `mic' is said to be incorrect, the correct form being `meic'. v s. a meic! Acall. 2933. a mic!, SCC 26 , 29 . n du. da macc , Wb. 4c12 , Ml. 26b14 . n p. (O. and early Mid.Ir.) maicc, Wb. 4c6 , 9a13 . maic, 21b2 , 30b14 . in maic , BDD 9. meicc, Hy. ii 37 ; TBC-LL¹ 6198. meic, 1372 . mec, PH 3770 , 5595 , etc. tri mic , IT i 121.1 (= maic LU); Laws ii 66.15 . Mod. mic. a p. maccu, Wb. 11a30 , 19c15 , 33a15 , Ml. 33c16 ; Hy. i 29. macu, Laws iii 398.7 . macca, Hib. Min. 4.118 . g p. macc, Wb. 23a9 ; Ml. 34c7 . v p. a maccu ! TBC-LL¹ 906. a macu ! ZCP xi 44 § 60. a mhaca ! ib. § 54 . mac, IGT Dec. § 15.

I A son: in Glosses = Lat. filius. gl. filius, Ir. Gl. 407 , natus 408 .

(a) in strict sense: amal ṅguidess athir a macc, Wb. 24d19 . adim-maicc mihi et am athir-se uobis ye are sons, 9a13 . athair ┐ mac ┐ ua, Laws i 238.8 . batar oc Saul mac Ciss . . . cethri meic . . . tri ingena, SR 6517. macc int ṡaír son of the wright, Fél. Aug. 14. ro tuisim Noi tri maccu, MacCarthy 286b . teora meic ag Noi, ib. ná caoin inghean, ná caoin mac, Keat. Poems 599. mac athar do Mag Uidhir M.'s half-brother on the father's side, AFM iv 966.13 . mac mathar som do Chiaran uterine brother, ZCP viii 315.4 . mac sethar a sister's son, TBC-I¹ 530. nochon ḟidir mac duine no son of man (i.e. no mortal), ZCP vii 303 § 9. ni muirbithir m.¤ mna lium, PH 400. trí fichid míle mac máthar mother's sons (i.e. men), Hackett xl 112 . Preced. by adj.: ardmac rig, ro-mac Nesa, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 28.13 = Laws iv 346. degmac Domnaill, SR 2376. drochmac Iesse, 6138 . Abel mormac Adaim, Mart. Don. 22. ríg-mac, ACC § 111. Esp. used in apposition to npr.m., folld. by gen. of father's name: co Duid m.¤ nIesse, SR 2318. rigdal itir Donnchad m.¤ nDomnaill ┐ Fiachnae m.¤ nAedho, AU 783. Rarely with mother's name: Conchobar m.¤ Nessa, Fergus m.¤ Róich, Ailill m.¤ Mata, Muirchertach m.¤ Erca. Folld. by DO instead of gen.: Ailill mac mic d'Ollomain, MacCarthy 168.8 . Othalinus . . . ba m.¤ don Otha hermor, SR 2366.

In relig. lit. of Christ, the Son (as distinct from the Father), oftenabsol. and without art.: m.¤ ¤ na deachte, Wb. 32c15 . is macc míastar in die iudici it is the Son who will judge, 1d9 . asberat . . . as laigiu deacht maicc indaas deacht athar, Ml. 17c7 , cf. 24d23 . i n-oentaid na trinoti, athar ┐ meic ┐ spiruta noim, PH 1445. Also called mac Maire, Hy. i 1. SR 8145. m.¤ na hOge ebraide, 8277 . m.¤ in duine the Son of man, PH 2272 , 3070 , 3157 . m.¤ duine, 5041 .

Folld. by a gen. or adj. in various semi-technical and legal expressions: atait tri mic beoathar la Fene .i. mac huar ┐ m.¤ De ┐ m.¤ ailte, ZCP xiii 23.10 . mac De, mac som bis i tesgaire a athar ina timaircnib techtaib; co na comidethar cos nā lam, ib. 16 . m.¤ cétmuintire son of a spouse, legitimate son : atáit .ii. ara-randat orba fri mac cētmuinntire, CIH v 1547.6 . mac ōighe .i. mac cētmuindtire, CIH iv 1296.33 . is dīles do mac na cētmuinntiri in cinniu[d]-sin, CIH v 1547.26 . mac cope .i. donither re mac caille (leg. maccaillig?) son of a nun (?), O'Dav. 415. m.¤ doirche (.i. in m.¤ donither i ndorcaidetu) a son begotten in secrecy (?), Laws v 452.16 . m.¤ foesma `son of protection' (an adoptive son), see fóesam. m.¤ gor a son who supports his father, Laws iii 56.20 , opp. to m.¤ ingor, ib. 30 . See also 2 gor. m.¤ muini a bastard , see 1 muine. mic mhuinntire (= filii familias), TSh. 5120. m.¤ óg a celibate : Mel Bre(n)ind Ua Ronain, ardepscop iarthar Herend, in mc. og 'eminent bishop of the west of Ireland, the celibate', AI 296 (s.a. 1161.4) . mc. og ┐ uasalshacart 'a celibate and noble priest', AI 324 (s.a. 1197.5) . See also m.¤ óige s.v. III (b). m.¤ óige = m.¤ cétmuintire: mac ōighe .i. mac cētmuindtire, CIH iv 1296.33 . mac óigh trā is ē-side fo-coisle orba .i. foxlas seilb .... mac óighe .i. cētmuindter, CIH v 1547.3 . m.¤ sanaise a son not acknowledged by his father, opp. to m.¤ súla an acknowledged son, see Laws iii 542.7 , O'Dav. 1044 , 1245 . m.¤ scrīne .i. m.¤ so rinne re coibdelaig ina richt fein a son begotten in incest (?), H 3.18, 227a ( O'Curry 413 ). m.¤ soirche a legitimate or acknowledged son (?), O'Dav. 95.

Rarely of the young of animals: macc bó a bullock , CRR 4. damh . . . .i. m.¤ bó, BNnÉ 122 § 61.

In compos. with ban-, a daughter: feadair ferinnsce for baninnsce intan asberar: is e in banmhac sa, Auraic. 531.

(b) in looser sense a male descendant; esp. in pl. folld. by gen. of ancestor to denote a tribe or people (not a native usage, the words maicne, maccu and being used by Irish tribes): ar maccaib Israhel, Wb. 11a28 . soirad mac nIsrahel, Ml. 53d1 . meic Israhel, SR 5475. fri claind mac nIsrahél, 3710 . ic maccaib Israel, PH 5071. meicc Emir meicc Erimon, Hy. ii 37. Cf. also: Iohain már macc ṅErenn of Erin's sons, Fél. Sept. 26. eter gelmaccaib Gaedel, Ériu iv 96 § 7 ( LL 33b45 ). m.¤ Goill (i.e. one of English descent), AU iii 506.

II A boy and sometimes loosely a young person in general: sainreth do maccaib a pélogud particular to boys (gl. puerorum), Sg. 45b6 . i tabairt mic for muin i tech carrying a boy, Laws i 174.32 . urcor flescaig is eside macc bundsaighe (.i. mac diubraices in mbunsaig), iv 134.16 , 140.1 . biit tri choecaid macc and oca cluithi, TBC-I¹ 368. maic becca doairchellat cethra, Ériu ii 206 § 26. do fhuil mac mbec, PH 382. cen mna cen maccu not counting women or children, SR 4031. ra batar mnaa ┐ meicc ┐ mindoene ac coíniud, TBC-LL¹ 6198. cu ra ainitis uli feraib maccaib mnaib, PH 6309. idir mhaca mnaoi is fir, Keat. Poems 614. eter maccaib beccaib (alluding to girls), IT i 131.26 . Occasionally of youths or grown persons: ruri anacht tri maccu a surnn tened (i.e. the three Holy Children). Hy. i. 29 , cf. Fél. Ap. 28 , Ep. 507. rí roshicc . . . forsin tsét na dá mac dall, SR 7682. atchondairc-si . . . cruth ┐ comdelb . . . cech meic ┐ cach miled, LL 221a7 . cethrur ingen Dubthaig dil, | cethri maic dóibsium demnig (i.e. lovers), Metr. Dinds. iii 72.

III Folld. by gen. in various fig. and technical expressions:

(a) denoting calling or function: m.¤ eclaise ` son of (the) church', a churchman, cleric: oen m.¤ [ec]ulsa forarsaidh . . . ic cantain a urnuighthe, RC xiv 58 § 72. tri maic ecalsa do muintir na cleirech, Acall. 2888. co tri cetaib sacart ┐ co tri milibh mac n-ecalsa, AU ii 86.2 . clier ┐ meic eguilsi in baile, Fl. Earls 34.24 . AFM vi 1924.22 . m.¤ foglama a student: felmac . . . .i. m.¤ foghlamæ, O'Mulc. 512. oráit annso dona macaib fogluma, Ériu ii 224.11 . m.¤ léginn a (clerical) student , O'Mulc. 688. m.¤ legind, Lat. Lives 82 (= scolaige ib.). i(c) macc leginn i nArdmacha, RC xx 176. Possibly also the expression m.¤ airbe (name for a `macfuirmid'?), see Laws iv 360.6 and muc(c)airbe below.

(b) fig. and alleg.: ce notad maic-si raith sons of grace , Wb. 33b8 . maicc tairngiri sons of (the) promise , 4c6 . guide cech maicc lére `of every son of piety', Fél. Ep. 428. macc umalóti ┐ erlatad buide do Dia, PH 4204. mac aptha = mac báis: bát úaiti meic aptha (mic bháis, v.l.) na cille so 'the lost souls of your cemetery shall be few', Beatha Bharra 64.128 . m.¤ báis `a son of death', a wicked man , opp. to m.¤ bethad `a son of life', a righteous man (often of a professed religious) : tairbirid illatu pían n-ecsamail dona maccaib bais, FA 1. eccraibdech ┐ macc báis, Trip. 220.15 . a meic in báis!, PH 2426. m.¤ bethad, Trip. 84.20 ( .i. cin pecath, ACL iii 37 ). sochuidhi do macuibh bethad, etir apstala ┐ desciplu, Lism. L. 3938. tigherna . . . mhórtha mhac mbethadh ┐ riagtha mhac mbáis, AFM vi 2296. mainistir . . . i mbáttar meic bhethadh d'ord S. Fronséis, 2218.7 . m.¤ ceanta .i. m.¤ échta, O'Cl. (`a son of achievement' P. O'C. ). m.¤ mallachtan `son of a curse' = m.¤ báis: comtinól na mac mallachtan, FA 1. comaittreb . . . ina mac mallachtan (of Hell), PH 4332. dosbera na maccu mallachtu . . . isin tenid suthain, 7285 . do macaibh mallacht ┐ do lucht dénma uilc, AFM iii 286.25 . m.¤ meda `son of mead', a heavy drinker , Anecd. ii 35 § 8. m.¤ míraith a graceless person (?), Acall. 1884 (`son of mishap' O'Gr.). m.¤ ochta `bosom-son', a favourite, darling: sacart ┐ m.¤ ochta rig nime, Acall. 2462. rob m.¤ ochta aireachta cach mac buan dod bhroind-ḟine, Leb. Cert. 194. See also (c) below.

m.¤ óige a celibate : uasal-easpoc Erenn ┐ an m.¤ oighe, RC xviii 52.4 (Tig.). comharba Colaim Cille, ┐ Adhamhnáin, saoi, ┐ epscop, ┐ mac oicce, AFM ii 762.6 . Oengus mc. Cathain, in t-epscop ┐ in mc. óge 'the bishop and the celibate', AI 202 (s.a. 1036.6). See also m.¤ óg.

m.¤ uilc an evildoer: meic uilc ní thiset n-ar ndáil, LL 308b1 = SG 389.18 . m.¤ na tráth `son of the canonical hours' (of a cleric), Acall. 4614 , 6769 .

(c) of things or animals: m.¤ alla `son of a cliff', echo: co cuala sum . . . guth in meic alla aca ḟrecra asin charraic, LL 165b30 . ro bai a m.¤ alla isna trachtaibh re med a muirni, Aen. 992. ro lin m.¤ alla na gairi sin mothra ┐ caillti, CCath. 5624. ro baoi m.¤ alla gheimi an drúith sin aieor, RC xxiv n. 2 . AFM vi 2130.11 . As name of a drinking-horn , Acall. 133.

m.¤ bronn a species of metrical composition: aircetal aire dna ataait .x. fodla fair-side .i. m.¤ bronn, etc., BB 299a25 .

m.¤ formuin (? for 1 muin) apparently name of some joint or portion of meat allotted to certain ranks in the Tech Midchuarta at Tara: LL 29b19 , 35 and diagram = YBL 419b3 (where the reading of facs. appears to be m̅c̅ armuin), 13 and diagram (in all cases with contraction); mac formuin, H 3.18, p. 362b ( O'Curry 771 ). Petrie's Tara 175 fg. expands as `muc formuin' and translates pig's shoulder , comparing 1 formna.

m.¤ greche .i. eitne cnó a kernel , Ériu ii 5.10 (Amra Conroí).

m.¤ imblissen pupil (of the eye): amal in macc n-imblissen (gl. ut pupillam), Ml. 39c3 . dona maccu imlesaib (gl. pupillis), Gild. Lor. 118. m.¤ imresan (gl. pupilla), Ir. Gl. 80. is he tene na súla in m.¤ imlesen, SCC 17. tri maic imlissen cechtar a dá súla, TBC-I¹ 35. oensúil . . . ┐ tri maic imlessen inte, BDD 44. méit mac imlesan duine, Ériu ii 134 § 115. teit radarc . . . on incind cu mic imrisan na sul, ITS xiv 54.

m.¤ ochta name of a joint or portion of meat?, heart (?) (or read mucca ochta 'suckling pigs', Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 65 ). ba si airigid ban Ulad . . . .i. secht ndaim ┐ secht tuirc ┐ secht ndabcha . . . ┐ secht nglaininí ┐ secht m̅c̅ ochta, IT ii1 173 (perhaps a vessel or measure).

m.¤ óe liver: in macc hoe tredluighthe (gl. trifidium iecur), Gild. Lor. 213.

m.¤ snáma `son of swimming' (kenning for some large fish or sea-monster?), Corm. Y 948.

m.¤ tíre `son of (the) country', wolf: Eg. Gl. 313. BDD 66. im macu tiri, Laws i 160.2 Comm. sod maic tire female wolf, TBC-I¹ 1720. pl. mic thíri, BS 76.3 . (mod.) na meictíreadha ag inghréim an tréuda, Hard. ii 310. (fig.) gach uile Eagluis do chaomhna ó chundtabhartaibh na macdtire, Carswell 77.

With adj.: m.¤ salach `dirty lad', a toad , gl. bufo, Thes. ii 235.8 (reading doubtful).

m.¤ ar muin name of a defect in prosody , IGT Introd. § 2.

IV Folld. by a gen. or adj. mac is often used to form masc. proper names, or sobriquets. Exx. from lit.: Mac Brocc, Cóir Anm. 45. Mac Caille, Hy. v 15. m.¤ Cécht (son of power? of the plough?), one of the Tuathan Kings; cf. Macc Cecht (name of a smith), Trip. 250.24 . m.¤ Cuill (s. of hazel?), a Tuathan king, cf. Trip. 220.15 . Lugaid Mac Con, Cóir Anm. 61.71 . Lugaid Mac tri con, IT i 108.2 . Mac Dā Recht, ZCP xiii 356.7 . Mac Dá Thó (s. of the two mutes), IT i 96 (= Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. vi 1 , and see Preface, p. i ). Mac in Daimh, Imr. Brain i 61. Bec mac Dé in fáid, LL 371b17 . LB 260b12 . Mac Gréine, a Tuathan king. Mac ind Óc (`s. of the two Young Ones', Stokes, RC xxvi 60 ), sobriquet of Óengus mac in Dagda, also called Mac Óc, IT i 132.13 : in mac Óc, ib. 7 . Macc Tāil (`son of adze'), Trip. 250.25 .

With adj. m.¤ Riabhach, m.¤ Solas (names of drinking-horns), AFM iii 110.2 ; 34.7 . AU ii 188.

From history: m.¤ na haidhche, AU ii 72.2 ; 134.19 ; cf. mac(h) na hoidhche (gl. Thitheus), Ir. Gl. 546. Macbeathadh, AU 1014 , 1041 . Macētigh (< étig ugly?), 936 ; Macēitigh, 950 ; mac Mic Etigh, 896 . Maclēighinn, 988 . Mac Líag ardollamh Erend (s. of a leech), 1016 . Mac Lochlainn (s. of a Dane), 1051 . Maccnia, 701 ; Macnio, 708 ; g s. Macniadh , 751 . Cf. Mac Niad (.i. Mac Con), Cóir Anm. 220. Macoac (= m.¤ óc?), AU 787. Macoigi, 801 ; Maccoigi, 874 ; dormitatio Maccoiged, 752 (cf. mac óige III b above). Macoirbb, 809 . Mac Oncon, 729 (see onchú). Macriaghoil, 821 . Mac ind shaer (s. of the wright), 766 . m.¤ na cerda (sobriquet), 874 .

After the introduction of surnames (10th-11th cent.), mac folld. by gen. n.pr. m. becomes a common form of surname and often changes to Mág (gen. Méig); the usage is extended to foreign names. Flaithbertach Mag Uidhir, AU ii 442.2 (an. 1327 ). Cormac Mag Coscraidh, AU iii 430.24 . Cormac óg m.¤ C. m.¤ T. Meg Ca, AU iii 428.3 . mac Airt Meg Uidhir, iii 10.9 (1383) . Raghnall mac Mic Raghnaill, ii 196.8 (1179) . do clainn Raghnaill Meg Raghnaill, iii 12.20 (1384) .

COMPDS. Forms less or more stable compds. with a follg. subst., generally with sense youthful, pertaining to a boy or child . ¤bachall f. a boy's staff: macb. a ainm . . . ar bith na [leg. a = i?] laim na macæim, BColm. 46.10 . a s. macbachaill, ib. 3 . ¤brat m., in pl. child's clothes, swaddling-clothes: ba fóglainntid . . . he asa macbrataib ┐ asa naidendacht, Alex. 810. an tan robuí ina mhacbhrataibh, Hugh Roe fo. 15 a . asa aóididh ┐ asa mhacbrataibh (sic leg.), fo. 73 a . ¤brethaid son-bearer: v s. a macbrethaig glórdai (of the Virgin Mary), Ir. Lit. 48 = LB 74a53 (see Ériu 9.85 , footnote 2). ¤cerd f. youthful art: pl. maccerdda Conculaind, TBC-I¹ 732. ¤cless m. juvenile feat: do mebhraighis do mhacchleasa, MR 302.5 . ¤comlond m.: ba handsa . . . frithalum a mha[c]comlaind, Aen. 2570. ¤dalta m. a young fosterling: caeca macdalta, IT ii2 192 . ¤daltus m.: co m. do chill i forcanar `son-fosterage to the church in which he is taught', O'Dav. 956. ¤dán m.: caraid . . . a maccdán, Thes. ii 293 ( SP ii 4 ); 'youthful art' CMCS lvii 3 § 2 . ¤díre `boy-fine', fine or honour-price payable in case of a boy? cia luigium hi maicdirib? (.i. cia mac is lugu eneclann), H 2.15A p. 17b ( O'D. 1017 ). ¤dond m. a youthful chief? Níall menmnach m., Ériu iv 110 § 72 a . ¤drettel m. a young favourite: Fráech . . . macdreittel ríg Síde ṅHerend, LL 250b36 = TBFr. 262 ( Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. v ). a macdrettil Emna!, FB 11. ¤drúth m. an idiot boy: m. .i. a cinn a .vii. mbliadan, H 3.17 c. 265 ( O'D. 344 ). ¤fine sons of a family: mār maccḟine aīn-rīg, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 17 § 2 ( Rawl. 124a = marfine, LL 387a17 ). ¤firt f. a miracle performed in boyhood: do macfertuibh inni noem-Patraic, Lism. L. 132. i soscéla na mac[ḟ]erta the Gospel of the Infancy, LB 139b8 . See V. SS. Hib. vol. i p. xxxiv . ¤flaith a youthful chief: Mál in mac[ḟ]laith, Acall. 2503. do mhacḟlaith Mumhan, Leb. Cert. 36.1 . ¤gním a boy's deed, exploit: da mbetis na gníma óclachais aice feib atát na macgníma, TBC-LL¹ 984. 1388 . indister a macgnimaib Samsoin . . . iat, LB 128a18 . ¤gnímrad: pl. macgnimrada Conculaind, TBC-LL¹ 864. macgnímartha Find, RC v 195. ¤laeg m. a young calf: mac (.i. bec) laog, LL 393a45 (term of endearment?). ¤lebar m. a book copied from another: a maicleabhar Lecan Mhec Fhirbisigh sin this is from a copy of the Book of L., Todd Nenn. p. ciii . leis gach leabhar a mhaicleabhar, Keat. iii 1395. pl. micleabhair, 484 . ¤lenb a boy-child: fad'mhaicleanb, A. Ó Dálaigh xix 12. ¤lendán a sweetheart: is é ba maclendan don ingin, RC vi 175.50 . maicleannan (of a woman), CF 244. ¤léine a boy's tunic: coeca maclene, IT ii2 191 . ¤naidm n. a bond entered into by children: rucus imdilsi eter macnadmann, ZCP xv 332 § 24. ¤noídiu a male infant, a young son: noídiu [maccnaídiu, Eg.] Conaire maic Etersceoli, BDD 106. ¤ogam .i. ogam ban torrach (a species of Ogham), Auraic. 5774. ¤slicht: in pl. macslechta sections in the laws dealing with the various classes of sons: bretha for maicslechta .i. . . . for sloinntib no for aisneithe mac, Eg. 88, fo. 16d ( O'Curry 2231 ). bretha for macslechtaib, H 4.22, p. 26 ( O'Curry 1993 ). ¤thairngertaid m. a boy who was promised: mactharṅgertaid Dé, SR 3077. ¤thairngertach a `promised son': an macthairngertach mórghlondach Aódh Rúadh, Hugh Roe, fo. 10 a . ¤thoísech m. a young chief: bó gach mactoisig, Fen. 92.25 . aenraghu mactaisech Erenn, AU ii 482. With adj. ¤ amrae wondrous son: samlai, | a Maire, do macamrai Mary, the like of your wondrous son Blathm. 26 . ¤dall blind person: fége do roscaib macdall 'keenness to the eyes of the blind' 146 . ¤ḟind fair son: ar do macind irgabáil 'for the captivity of your beautiful son' 6 .

With npr.: menmna macc-Néill mullaig máel-Themra of young Niall, Ériu iv 98 § 28.

Other compds. treated separately.

onba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. onba or dil.ie/33862

n name of some article of food : mac midbuilce mela . . . meic inbe meic onba, MacCongl. 33.28 . uaitne ongha amra, 69. 22 = uaithne onba amrae , 118.27 (H. 3.18).

1 sain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 sain or dil.ie/36008
Last Revised: 2019

adj i

(a) different, distinct, separate (from other things): s.¤ .i. égsamhail no neimhionann, O'Cl. saini gl. aliae, Sg. 6a16 . liter sh.¤ , 6b6 . alaill sh.¤ gl. aliud aliquid, 24 . hi personaib sainib, 28b2 . s.¤ gl. alia, 39b5 . gl. aliud, Ml. 3a12 . s.¤ póc ┐ pócnat, Sg. 46a3 . is s.¤ indí asidrubairt ┐ indí frisanérbrath gl. diversarum personarum, 220a10 . is s.¤ int soilse ┐ it saini inna rinn gl. aliud est quam ipsa sunt, Ml. 145d3 . s.¤ dán cáich `different (is) every one's gift', Wb. 5d7 . níp s.¤ a n-asberthar ho giun et a mbess hi cridiu, 5d14 . cosmulius tuib arataat ilsenman . . . is s.¤ cach nae .i. is s.¤ fri cath s.¤ fri scor, 12c46 . is s.¤ aní asberar indi et dogníther, 14c21 , cf. 28c1 , PH 7007 . nách s.¤ sollamain la hEgeptacdu ┐ la heclais in descirt, PH 6922 . nī s.¤ in fīrendacht ┐ Christus, ZCP v 498.6 . slicht s.¤ so (.i. sís) another (a different) version, LU 5211 = TBC-I¹ 733 . sliocht s.¤ sen-leabhair memraim, Geneal. Tracts i 50.12 . gen innile soine do cur an-aon cumusc ria ceile, Laws i 304.5 Comm . ropsat s.¤ ┐ ropsat suaichnid ó cách, MR 214.16 . ropsat saine sloinnti . . . cach deg-slua[i]g, 214.10 . cid at saine laithi i ttangator, Leb. Gab.(i) 118.28 . With FRI different from: is s.¤ dofhoirṅde són frisin roithnigud `what this signifies is different from radiance', Sg. 36a3 . ni s.¤ mo gnim frisaní no radim non aliter esse audeo quam dico, Ml. 47b13 . im chomalliud . . . forcetuil ba s.¤ fria fhor[c]etul fen, PH 6522 . is s.¤ a mbreithamnacht saidhi frisna frithib olcena, Laws v 322.y Comm . ba s.¤ frisin dorala do [d]reachtaib da sloghaibh i tirib ele isin doman fared differently, CCath. 2598 . As adv.: is s.¤ donadbantar sensibus ┐ amal bís it appears to the senses otherwise than it really is, Thes. ii 4.32 .

(b) peculiar, special (of a characteristic which distinguishes one thing from others): is s.¤ ordo dogní cechtar nái, Wb. 10b11 . s.¤ persan sluindes an aiinm ┐ in briathar, Sg. 189a9 . s.¤ gnīm fristēit cach narm úad, TBC-I¹ 70 = is [s]aingním, TBC-LL¹ 276 . is s.¤ dath ┐ écosc cacha húaire tadbat fair it has a different colour . . . each time, BDD² 998 (cf. Anecd. ii 6.3 ). is s.¤ cerd cech uí, LL 147a4 ( PRIA xix 546 § 3 ). ba s.¤ rindaigecht gach sceith dib, Ériu v 72.5 . is s.¤ coir cech oenduine | s.¤ aicned cech uilc every man has his own particular failing, every evil its own nature, LB 261b59 = is s.¤ cōir cech oendīne, s.¤ aicned cach luicc, ZCP xiii 28.3 . forcetul s.¤ don eclais ┐ do lucht in tsoegail one doctrine for the church and another for the laity, PH 1671 . ba s.¤ belra do Petar ┐ dona hIúdaidib, 3190 . secht mbliadna fichet s.¤ sluind | ro pa rí(g) Fland . . . `distinctly tell' (?), Arch. Hib. ii 94 § 27 . in cach lá ra seachtmain s.¤ `for a week set apart', Metr. Dinds. iii 16.191 . co saidbri s.¤ , ib. 199 .

(c) is s.¤ dom (limm) it is (I consider it) something special for me (i.e. something exceptional, an opportunity, privilege. Cf. sainemail and other derivv.). is [s]ain (s.¤ , LU) limsa ōn, ol in lōech. Bid s.¤ duidsea innosa isinn āth ucud, ar C. it will be a fine thing for you (ironically), TBC-I¹ 647 . bidh sain ní (sain-ní?) dōibsom . . . dianragabsa dībrugud isin (asin, LU) tailm, 1054 . ni sáin . . . laiss a tabairt, TBC-LL¹ 2067 (reference to Cú C. who has refused to give Redg a spear demanded by him). But in literal sense: is [s]ain lium ┐ na cuir dligtecha romainn `I consider them different from the lawful contracts mentioned above', Laws i 52.24 Comm .

As subst. with gen.: in dá ech . . . comaille acht nammá co sain delba ┐ datha, LU 9254 (leg. saine?). ? soin fearaind tuccadh ann, O'D. 2400 ( Rawl. B 506, 50b ).

Compds.

(a) with nouns (the more usual construction in attrib. use) different; peculiar, special (of that which is special to the individual), excellent (for this meaning cf. sainemail and other derivv.). ¤accuis: s. do duaid sech cách gl. sibi aliam causam esse quam gentibus, Ml. 36c11 . ¤amor (< Lat. amor): ba sainamor do cech oen atchid he was the special love of everyone who saw him RC xiii 221.6 , 226 (Scél Baili Binnbérlaig) . ¤bás: foircniter hua s. sech cách `by a special death', Ml. 73d7 . ¤buaid: ni clos i nErinn co se | do sainbuadhaibh aenoidhche so many fine triumphs (i.e. great events) taking place in one night, Anecd. ii 5.19 . ¤chais: ba saincais seom di Ailinn A.'s special love, RC xiii 221 = sainserc, MS. Mat. 472 . ¤chenélae: sainchenelae srogill, Wb. 17d3 . ¤chenélchae: ar shainchenélchi gl. specialis, Sg. 28b12 . ¤cherd: bíth a menmasam fri seilgg | mu menma céin im saincheirdd `my special craft', Thes. ii 293.15 . fo láim suad saincherda `some cunning craftsman', RC iii 177.19 . ¤chland: Gaill . . . ainm do sainc[h]landaib nō do saerc[h]landaib Franc particular tribes, Corm. Y 683 (55.z) . re tecmaisin sainclaindi (sic leg.?) re saine n-athar, Laws iii 400.2 . ¤choém: sainchóim ind ríg `the special favourites of the king', Wb. 28d5 . tricha fer di saincháemaib A., TBFr. 253 . ¤chomarde: a s. sin, Wb. 26b31 . ¤chor: tri nata[t] túalaing sainchuir `incapable of special contracts ', Triads 151 . ¤chrod private property: seisedh a saincruidh, Laws ii 386.3 Comm . ¤chron see separate article. ¤dán: cechtar nathar fria saindan his special art, SP ii § 1 ( Thes. ii 293 ). ba s. disi dál pouring out (the liquor) was her special function, LU 10894 . ¤delgna `secret spot', Metr. Dinds. ii 28.23 . ¤díles, ¤dílse see separate articles. ¤doíre: in doich bid saindóire dúnni et barnaip?, Wb. 10d1 . ¤écosc: s. noe `a peculiar species of ship', Sg. 69a24 . is hecen sainecoscc leosom for a ccrannaib innaní prechite pacem, Wb. 5a5 . ¤én eagle see senén. ¤eire: conaccasom in clerech oc buain a shaineri cutting his own special load, Ériu v 236.73 . ¤ḟer: sainfer muntaire, Ml. 61c2 . Gobban s. sluagda, Gorm. Nov. 5 . fa slōghaib sain[ḟ]ear srianbalcc, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 18 § 1 = sainser, ZCP x 42.17 . ¤ḟeth: ecosc no sainfeth individual aspect, O'Dav. 1417 . ¤ḟolad: sain folad cacha rainne `different meaning', Sg. 26b9 . ¤gaeth: sainghāeth fri dairbhribh Doire. ZCP x 339 § 14 . ¤gemm, Gorm. Sept. 19 . ¤gnúis see separate article. ¤intliucht: ní techta sain intṡliucht and feissin `it has no special sense in itself', Sg. 50a2 (non ab aliqua speciali significatione). ¤ithe: lassin tigerna ragas do shainól nó sh. . . . ar belaib a dámi `special eating', RC xxvi 42 § 223 (i.e. who has special drink and food for himself apart from his company?). ¤lind: brócoit .i. s. dognither do braich special drink, Corm. 7 brócoit. fri hól sainlenda, ib. bóge. ¤maicne: tri senoraig . . . do shainmaicne in lochta ro crochsat Crist of the very descendants of those who . . ., LB 159b24 . ? ¤mesaib (d pl.): a saillméth do s., ZCP vi 271.21 (perquisite of a monk or cenobite). ¤miscais: mac dia tabuir aithir sainmiscuis, Laws iii 62.12 (cf. miscais glé, 3 ). cen ingreim, cen sainmiscuis private enmity, ACL iii 320 § 90 . ¤muinter: ocht fichti fer mór do ṡainmuntir Ailella ┐ Medba retinue, bodyguard, household, TBC-LL¹ 4944 . cethri firu déc dia s. fessin, TBC-I¹ 1675 . sainmhuintir Uí Domhnaill, AFM v 1480.2 , cf. vi 1924.8 . co cóicc lanamhnaibh décc día sainmhuintír imaille friú of their own people, Leb. Gab.(i) 236.28 . ¤muinterus: is aroli sainmúinnterus bói dó fri tigerna na n-ech a special friendship, PH 4441 . ¤ól: tuccad cori cét . . . do loimm . . . dia shainōl don rīg `as a special drink', MacCongl. 107.18 . See under ¤ithe. co ng(h)abhsat occ s. for ar oile `to drink to each other', Hugh Roe 190.13 (51a ). ¤rann: co roselb i sain-rainn son | in slíab `as his special portion', Metr. Dinds. ii 54.15 . ¤ṡerc(ach) see separate articles. ¤ṡlabrae: at-chíusa . . . sainslabra sainigthi remib a special herd, BDD² 462 . ¤ṡuidiugud: ni sainsuidiugad it is not an arrangement different from the usual one, Laws iii 176.16 Comm . ¤techtad: airchinnech . . . cen s. feb `private possession of goods', Ériu iii 106 § 45 . ¤teglach: atúsa sund mo s. díb tríchtaib cét with my retinue, TBC-I¹ 178 . is é a s. sin na trí .lll. maccaem, BDD² 1142 . ¤tintúd, Ml. 60c2 . saintintud, 87b2 . ¤toirthige: ar saintoirthigi `for special fruitfulness', Ml. 83d9 . ¤treb: co riacht in sliab . . . ar ba s. di her own abode, LL 216b12 . saintreabh .i. treabh no teach áiridhe, O'Cl. ¤trebad: combi túalaing saintrebtha separate husbandry, Críth G. 78 .

(b) with adjj. generally in adverbial sense specially , with intensive force (but also peculiar to the individual): ¤airlech: abbair fris, níp sotal . . . s. Ar it ferr airli oldās airle self-opiniated (?), ZCP xi 86 § 42 (`er soll nicht nur mit sich selber Rat halten', Thurn.). ¤ amrae : do . . . cumtaigib sainamraib, LU 8064 ( FB 3 ). co ndérgodaib sainamraib, 9049 (79) . ¤brecc: sról santbrecc (sic), TBC-LL¹ 3097 . ¤bres: fri sluag s. particularly brave, IT iii 40 § 36 = Bruchst. i § 3 . ¤dian: na sluag s., Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 46 . ¤díles see separate article. ¤dleith? co tart do Ádam iar sreith | fria danad cach sil sáindleith, SR 1922 (leg. saindil, Wortk. 129 ). ¤fhoichlech: sainfoichlech (sic leg.?) gl. concuriosus, Ml. 90b2 .

(c) with vb.: ¤mescaid: ní nomsainmescca ó mac Dé | dirairmescca mac Dé dia whatever sunders me from the Son of God, ZCP vii 269 § 13 .

sreth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sreth or dil.ie/38803
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: sreath

ā, f. vn. of sernaid. sreath (an arbha), IGT Decl. § 39 (91.15) .

I Act of strewing, spreading out; that which is strewn, laid out: s.¤ gl. struo, strues, Sg. 50b5 . 55b10 . hi far srethaib gl. in stratis uestris (i.e. beds), Ml. 20d9 . Of furniture, etc., forming a normal part of the equipment of a house (see Críth Gabl. Gloss.): indles . . . cach s.¤ as chórus for lár, Críth G. 223 . a sretha sét, 243 . sretha córai isin tig, a[i]ribor cach[a] méit[e] ┐ iarn cach gníma ┐ humalestrai im chaire i talla boin co tinniu, 404 . indles . . . cach amur ┐ cach s.¤ olchena, cach ni srethnaigter and do mindlestraib na cerdcha, Laws iii 190.z Comm . According to Thurneysen this is the basis of the meaning in Cóic Con. Fug. (`das Hinbreiten, das Hingebreitete', hence `die Unterlage, Grundlage'), but perh. merely series, collection (of legal judgements, etc.): s.¤ (sretha, v.l.) faillsigthi na conairi fugill is fir: lia do fír fri sena n-anbal . . . .i. is é ní sre[th]nai[g]ther d'faillsiugh forin conair fuigill is fior `die Grundlage für Aufklärung auf dem "Urteilsweg", der fīr ist (heißt)', Cóic Con. 16 § 3 . cuic conair[e] fuigill . . . sain a conair, sain a cina, sain a s.¤ . . . .i. is [sain] a s.¤ faillsigthi fuil re aithne cach conairi fuigill dib r[e] cele `verschieden von der andern ist die Grundlage zur Aufhellung, die zur Erkennung jedes Weges besteht', 30 - 31 § 17 - § 21 . sretha failsighte na conaire fuigill is fír, no is e inní is coir d'ursundud no d'faillsiugud forin conair fuigill is fír, 36 § 46 . See p. 5 .

II Usually row, line, series, arrangement, order .

(a) sretha[ib] sina .i. rom-didna ar cach ṅgalar intí riasa ro[ṡr]ethnigtis na sina `arrangements of weather', ACC 107 ( RC xx 278 ). tar sálmuire sretha `over ranges of mainseas', Fél. Ep. 238 . co n-accatár . . . teóra sretha isind [ḟ]raigid . . . s.¤ . . . di bretnasaib óir . . . ┐ s.¤ di muntorcaib óir . . . in tres s.¤ di claidbib, LU 1708 ff . mana[isi] . . . co sreathaibh semann with rows of rivets, TBC-LL¹ 5518 . atchonnarc na saltracha | na sreith táeb ra táeb, LL 298b16 ( SG 367.12 ). trí nói s.¤ fíacal fata, Ériu iv 102 § 45 . ō cech tricha cēt | dlegar for sēt sreith `by various routes', KMMisc. 272 § 57 . a cóic cethri deich data | ar sreith óenaig allata `glorious fairs in succession', Metr. Dinds. iii 12.138 . 'na srethaib | trí hídail chloch fo chethair `ranged in ranks', iv 22.45 . ba lōr d'ōebnius ar ōensreith in one series, ZCP viii 272 § 62 . fosernd clothrī Connacht īer cūl, cáine sretha the noble King of Connacht places himself behind, excellent the order, 108.7 . cóic sretha do rámhaibh `five ranks of oars', CCath. 1941 . go dtráigh sibh an sreith ndabhach, Aithd. D. 11.20 . s.¤ braon `drops streaming' (i.e. rain), O'Gr. Cat. 453.20 . ciabh na sreath hair in waves, DDána 75.8 . sreath do linntibh fuairbhreath `a series of ruthless measures', PBocht 18.25 . s.¤ bagún is brannrad `a procession of bacon and trivets' (i.e. to the house of a chief), Studies 1920, 417.x . do shinneadar sreatha síorbhinne . . . téad mbeannchrot `bouts', Maguires of F. 56.16 .

(b) ranks, lines of people, soldiers, etc.: M., C., | co ṅaidbli a srethe `with the vastness of their train (?)', Fél. Dec. 4 . gnúis fri gnúis ina srethaib ┐ ina corónib, LU 2047 . etir sretha sīl Ādaim, ZCP iii 23.28 . do chuirib, do chóem-srethaib `for companies and gentle ranks' (notes), Metr. Dinds. iii 278.38 . .u. coin geala na nglansreith, BB 277a4 = cóic eich ghela 'n-glan sreith, Leb. Cert. 178.16 . lánamhna is ógha is feadhbha | . . . | 'n-a dtrí naoimhsreathaibh ar nimh, DDána 29.35 . sreatha seilge hunting-bands, Hackett liv 21 . Of armies, etc.: la sreith slóig Z. `with the series of the host of Z. (?)', Fél. Aug. 24 . dá trichait marc min | . . . | concert-sa in dá sreith the two ranks, LU 9953 . imrim each imasernar s.¤ slúag (sic leg.) (rhet.), RC v 202 § 20 . rosernad . . . cech slog . . . i n-a sreith, MacCarthy 56.24 . mas ar druim ech ṅdond atáit | droṅg s.¤ sniit, MU² 443 (see note). batar . . . na Rómanaig imon catrig ina srethaib, LB 154a35 . sretha sirthe risin saimgrēin ranks of skirmishers in the summer sun, ZCP xii 290.21 . Cf. co roibe crīch Breg i n-a comar creach ┐ i n-a cēidi c[h]uarta ┐ i n-a sreathaib sirthi dona suidight[h]ib sin, ML² 1133 . a fhir dodechaid atúaid | co srethaib `surrounded by troops', Metr. Dinds. iv 2.2 . tanic . . . | aníar ar slicht na srethi `on the track of the convoy', 54.2 . sreata ┐ sluag-buidni, Celt. Rev. iv 16.24 . ceithri sretha . . . do shaighdiúiridhibh `lines', AFM v 1694.z .

(c) Of ornamentation on garments, etc.: tri nói gem . . . | ba foir 'na sreith (a brooch), Metr. Dinds. iii 122.40 . brat co srethaib di ōr impe stripes, lines, edgings (?), ZCP xiii 373.4 . sretha sítai fri a gelchnes, TFerbe 122 . srethai sítai uas a cind, 777 . roindfithí fúdbai féinded fo shrethaib óir `Haufen', Alex. 219 . a ṅ-edaige srolda . . . fo sretaib oir ┐ argaid, BB 429b5 .

(d) Of details of the structure of buildings: na doirsí . . . co srethaib óir ┐ argait foraib layers, panels (?), Alex. 593. 10 coraighid cláraigh ┐ sailghi ┐ eochrainn . . . ina srethaibh . . . forra anuas `rows', CCath. 1812 . faiceam tomhus na gcleath gcorr | na sreath solus, na sreath sliom rows of pillars (?), DDána 119.28 . sreath ghabhlach go ngrés uamann a series of beams, L. Cl. A. B. 183.94 . sreath chlár ós clochaibh díona, 101 . go gcōic srethoip do cholomhnoip marmair `rows', Fl. Earls 96.20 .

(e) rows of buildings, streets : hilar n-adba . . . | srethaib sretta fri sid sain, SR 2475 . da line . . . do tighibh ar mullach a múir . . . iter na da s.¤ sin `between those two ranges' (of houses), CCath. 20 . s.¤ do Thriun Mór ┐ s.¤ do Thriun Saxan `street', AFM ii 942.10 . raith Arda Macha . . . do losccadh . . . ┐ dá sreith do Triun Masan, ┐ an tres s.¤ do Triun Mhór, 994.1 ( ALC i 100.25 ). Ard Macha do loscadh na dí sreith ó chrois Cholaim Chille co Crois Epscoip Eoghain, ┐ ó Chrois Eapscoip Eoghain an dara sreith co Crois Dorais ratha, 1156.15 .

(f) In contexts ref. to grammar, literary compositions, history, etc.: i n-immfognam ┐ i ssreith legind gl. in lectione `in order of reading (in a connected text?)', Sg. 30a12 . int immognam imbí hi sreith rann `in a series of parts (of speech)', 95a2 . 213a9 . s.¤ immais (gs. of 1 imbas) metr. alliteration of all words in the line : s.¤ immaiss, ut est: slatt sacc socc simend saland, IT iii 30.14 (see p. 121 ). Perh. in more general sense in follg.: trí labra ata ferr túa: ochán ríg do chath, s.¤ immais, molad iar lúag `spreading knowledge (?)', Triads 112 . rethaib sofis srethaib imbais (glossed .i. s.¤ imait sofis īar foghloim), Anecd. v 26.3 . immas sóis co srethaib `sequence of verses' (Gloss.), Metr. Dinds. iii 288.47 . In name of a metre: sreatha deich, IT iii 95 § 148 (cf. p. 128 - 9 ). i sreathaibh roscaigh ┐ fasaigh ┐ airchetail `series of proverb, commentary and poetic composition', Auraic. 337 (cf. 2684 ). in tan is s.¤ series (?), 3577 . Gilla mo Dutu ro dluthaig in duain-sea, nucu s.¤ sáeb, RC xlvii 315.4 . sretoibh sorann series of excellent stanzas, CS 62.5 . sreath . . . rann | d'am[h]ruibh, Ériu ix 163 § 5 . sreath ghlan do ghréas éagsamhail (a poem), Aithd. D. 46.12 . do ghéabham dod ghnúis . . . | sreith mholta eulogy, 46.11 . sreath adhmholaidh, DDána 73.13 . am mebrach-sa . . . i sreathaib seanchasa hErend series of events (?), traditions (?), Ériu iv 138.17 . ro-dosuidighiub-sa dúib sreith seanchusa . . . tellaich Temrach `I shall establish for you the progression of the stories . . . of the hearth of Tara', 144.7 . ? buaid senchais srethaib airech fettar aided cach oenfhir, YBL 125a44 . seanchas suairc sreath, Leb. Cert. 80.13 . diamhra sreath seanchais `series', Content. xxii 9 . iar sreith na súad (iar srethaib súad, v.l.) handed down by tradition (a name), Metr. Dinds. iv 190.14 . iar srethaib suadh `according to the threads of sages', Auraic. 553 . ní h-inchreti d'ánradaib sretha saeb-fhorcetail na seandruad warriors should not believe the . . . sayings of old druids, MR 190.2 . sgotha séaghanda a sreath bhfis the fair blossoms of his abundant knowledge, L. Cl. A. B. 176.117 . ? as leór so do solbraib s.¤ , Ériu iv 138.11 .

(g) Common in chevilles: s.¤ cen tair, SR 4319 . ni sáeb in t-ṡ., LL 374c53 . setaib s.¤ , 136b12 ( PRIA 1882, 248.3 ). tolaib s.¤ , SR 2711 . srethaib cland, TBC-LL¹ 2345 . srethaib droṅg, SR 7905 . srethaib ga, LL 19b5 . srethaib gal, Metr. Dinds. iii 150.1 . srethaib iath, SR 2285 . srethaib slóg, 6431 . Note also: conid fri súan senbath srethaib cerd adbchlosaib erred, LU 10257 .

(f) Various (cf. srath supra): sreith gl. pratum, Sg. 20a8 (see note). in talam cona sreith trit. Alex. 873 v.l. (sraith, text). gach ionad a d-tiocfaidh sreath no gearradh ó fhior ionuid an riogh ar Mag E. `cess or cutting', Misc. Arch. Soc. i 190.14 . go dtógbhann sreath is sobhadh, Measgra D. 26.67 (sraith, MS.). sreith coinnmhedh ┐ ceitherna . . . do choscc `taxes', AFM v 1686.2 . bá h-amlaidh ro siodhaighsiott gan sreith gan gerradh gan daoírsi, 1770.16 . Cf. sreath do chomha ar cró nEachaidh `the series (i.e. toll) of thy tributes', Aithd. D. 15.11(a) .

Note also: teora sreatha, TBC-LL¹ 2716 v.l. = teora inshrotha, text. gur berta gan anmain i bursan sreadh ara rabha, ZCP viii 542.17 = co ro marb in n-ingin inna réid, TBC-LL¹ 1559 .

The follg. are obscure: conchar ic sreith riagla rig (as vn.?), LL 33a39 . ba hé in sét serc ri sretha, | fuair cét recht is cét bretha, 143b11 . Faelan .x. nir bho dhur | ger caemal ar sreith in saer, BB 56a45 . atāit .iii. sreatha cutrumai cin fiacha .i. drumcla n-eich . . ., ZCP viii 103.27 . Mac Cosgraigh co sreathaibh snáu `of beaming countenance', AFM i 520.10 . Dāre Doimthech dālis dig | fola for cach srith (: clith) (`stream'), Fianaig. 30.14 . sāssad slán sorcha sretha, Ériu ii 66 § 13 . conoiscet s.¤ anmcaide, O'Dav. 470 . Perh. of the reins of a horse: im all .i. uilliti he in da sreith do bet air two reins (?), Laws i 124.14 , 138.x Comm . óenach saidbir co srethaib, | co saidlib, co srian-echaib, Metr. Dinds. iii 14.159 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns. ¤bairdne name of a metre: tighearnbhard . . . taebhchassadh ┐ sreathbairdni a dhileas, IT iii 23.13 . s. dano, is fri toebcasad doberar í tomus ┐ tarmarcind, 13 § 26 . See p. 144 . ¤blad widespread fame (?): cethri h-Echdaig aidbli ág | fri srethblaid ┐ sográd, LL 146a9 . ¤bruig extensive lands : co trethnaib iar s. súg, SR 6263 . Dauid . . . | for s. Hierusalem, 6698 . ¤buiden orderly company : sret[h]buidne ordaigthe, CCath. 3466 . ? ¤chelg: Dairbre drech-derg mac Lulaig, | ba prap s. iar samain, Metr. Dinds. ii 46.14 . ¤chircul: O Domhnaill . . . cona aireachaibh . . . ina srethchiorcaill bodba `in a close circle', Hugh Roe 112.12 . ? ¤chor: mo Dia tricc fri s. slamm, SR 5253 . ¤eccor arrangement in rows : ionar . . . co sreithegar gem, BS 10.7 . ¤etarnaid: ina srethettarnaidh seoilchelge arranged in ambush (of troops), Hugh Roe 226.5 . ¤fhoirenn: ina sreth-fornib . . . sar-laech `well-arranged lines', MR 222.20 . ¤ga: dar srethgaibh sealga `over the serried hunting-spears', CCath. 3609 . ¤líne ordered line : sreth-linedha . . . ina mórtimcill . . . do mairgreit (a crown), CCath. 5285 . ¤molad gs. as attrib. eulogistic (see II (f) supra): gruaidhe donna | dá ndéantar dán saor sreathmholta, DDána 114.16 . ? ¤ord: aisdibh ┐ ollamnaibh | ┐ rannaibh sreathordaibh, IT iii 90.9 . ¤shlúag: ar súi soi slonnaib srethshluag of arrayed hosts, SR 2692 . ingin Sáuil srethshluagaib, 5918 . ¤ṡuide sosath srethshuide 'a terrace of well-arranged seats' The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 128 § 3 .

(b) With adjj. ¤áluind well-arranged (?): broghadha sreath-āille, ML² 1071 . an clár . . . sreath-álainn (the earth), ML 102.26 . ¤ amrae marvellously arranged: sainemail suíb srethamra 'unique, beautiful, marvellously arranged' Sages, Saints and Storytellers 24 § 1 . ¤barrgel: tar tonnaibh . . . sreath-bhárrgheala na srothán `over spreading white-crested currents', ML 46.32 . ¤chaem ornamented (?): ic congbail na sangtairi sretcaime co na fothaib, BB 241b45 . ¤chaín = prec.: do thuluib sgiath sreth-c[h]aín, ML² 1707 . ? ¤chisse: atchíu a brat ṅ[d]erg . . . s. sluind, LU 7393 . ar néim imdenam ór fri siric s., 7410 ( BDD 100 . `braided in rows (?)', BDD2 Gloss.). ¤fhíar (term of contempt) with distorted features (?): a brollach sneadach s., IT iii 99 § 165 ( Bruchst. i 28 § 62 ). ¤gel with bright ripples (of water): lēibenda sreath-gela, ML² 662 . ¤glan: cen usce s. snámach | iarnabarach bói Boind without clearly-rippling water, Metr. Dinds. iii 108.79 . tucsam sochraiti srethghlain a Mumain, SG 321.21 . clár sreathghlan seanDáire, DDána 70.8 . ¤mas: Dūn dā Lethglass . . . | súairc s. co saine `herrlich ausgebreitet', Bruchst. i 61 § 137 ( IT iii 39 § 34 ).

(c) With adjj. derived from nouns. ¤buidnech: tresan sraittslighidh (sic leg.) sreathbuidhnigh `crowded', Hugh Roe 20.5 . ? ¤latanach: sruth bratha nach | sreathlatanach, IT iii 98.5 . ¤línmar: sos suaichnidh sreth-līnmar of many rows (an encampment), ML² 1061 . ¤lúbach: is . . . sreath-lúbach . . . a carn-fholt having curls in rows, Keat. Poems 67 .

(d) With verb. ¤gonaid: an crádh ler sreathghonadh sinn by which our ranks were slaughtered (?), L. Cl. A. B. 140.43 .

suidiugad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. suidiugad or dil.ie/39209
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: suidechadh

u m. vn. of suidigidir. suidechadh, IGT Verbs § 106 (244.17) .

(a) act of placing, putting : tri suidigud . . . inna cluas arin chorp huiliu `through . . . putting the ears for the whole body', Ml. 60b16 . a ainm fessin do suidigud i tossoc[h] na epistle, Wb. 14b2 . iss ed sainreth pronominis a shuidigud ar anmmaimm dílius that it replaces a proper noun, Sg. 27a1 . cach ae do shuidigud aralailiu (of words), 28b1 . iure praedicto suidigthe anmme ┐ brethre tara hési si, 193b4 . iar suidiugud gl. mihi possito, Gild. Lor. gl. 4 . do suigiugad osna longaib, BB 7a17 . a suíghiúghadh ar uillinn na a-Easpáine to place it (i.e. Ireland) at one corner of Spain, ML 44.8 . gur cailleadh mórán páipéir tre shúighiughadh ceasdadh posing questions, Donlevy v 1 . an lámh do shúidiughadh `to set the arm', Atlantis iv 160.13 .

(b) position, situation : a suidigud i n-epertib grecdib `position' (of letter), Sg. 17b11 . etir aicned ┐ suidigud gl. longam habent paenultimam uel natura uel positione, 51b2 . combad ar gair aicnid adrímed in suidiguth `the position' (of a vowel), 69a5 . fot suighighti ┐ gair n-aiccnid a bfedaibh airedhaibh length by position, Auraic. 4813 . gair suidhighti, 4812 . feib co ngluaised firmaimint asa slatrach ┐ asa suidiugud, TTebe 4268 . ni hinnraic mo shuidiugud amal-sin (Peter of his position on cross), PH 1887 . robhattar isin tsuidhiuccudh sin go cenn trichat bliadhan in that way, Irish Texts iii 13.17 . fon suídhiúghadh a rabhadar dhá mhac Mhiledh, ML 116.33 .

(c) act of seating, arranging in seats : tar éis a suidhighthe so when these have been seated, DDána 85.45 . na sé slóigh ga suidhioghadh, Aithd. D. 68.34 . tús suidhighte i ttigh n-óla, BNnÉ 265 § 230 . suidhiughadh lethe Conghail (of the seating arrangements in a palace), ITS v 108.10 . dot shuighiughadh a ccathaóir ríogha Israel, 1 Kings x 9 . Note also: air cheithre coirnéuluibh an tsuidheachadh `on the four corners of the settle', Ezekiel xliii 20 .

(d) act of arranging, setting in order; arrangement, disposition : sáer oc suidigud sillab `an artist in putting (arranging?) syllables', Sg. 7b11 . ord suidigtho á sailm `the order of arrangement', Ml. 111c4 . at conairc . . . in t-socraidi . . . ar n-a s.¤ , MR 180.4 . ropsat saine sloinnti ┐ suidigthi cach deg-sluag `situations', 214.10 . Of houses: suidiugadh in tigi `construction', Laws i 178.13 Comm . is amlaid trá dorónad a tech sin, sudigud tige Midchúarta fair, LU 8050 ( FB 2 ). suid[igud] ard amrae | tige túathaic[h] Temra (seating arrangements), ZCP viii 108 § 5 . go ndā pālāss . . . ar n-a suidiugadh go hinntleachtach `artistically situated', Fl. Earls 78.y . Of cities: cethrochair cutrumslesta a sudigud (wall of a city), Rawl. 74b2 . sudigud inna catrach, LU 2074 ( FA 15 ). suidiugud na mur imon cathraig, idon, trian cech mur dib sech araile beos, MacCarthy 40.8 . féuch gur taitneamhach suidhiughadh na caithreachsa, 2 Kings ii 19 . Various: sudigud na fert i fat `the situation of the graves', Metr. Dinds. iii 228.23 . neach bad coimeolach fris i su[d]ighthibh nimi (of an astrologer), CCath. 1000 . an suidhiughadh sáimh do bhí ar na hairdreannaibh the settled state of the heavenly bodies, TSh. 8534 . eolass . . . ar suidiughadh grene ┐ esca, BCC 366 (416.9) . cía suidigud fil for in doman, cindus suidighthi fuil for sin domun, RC xxiv 371.25 v.ll., cf. Ériu ii 106 § 18 . suidechad in tíre (of the division of Ireland into five), SG 351.13 . suidiugud bar súl, 55.31 . eidir ghéagaibh glac leabhar | atáid so ar na suidheaghadh—| tolcha corra chíogh gcaoimhgheal, TD 39.6 . do réir shuidhighthi an bheithe luis in alphabetical order, IGT Introd. 5 § 12 . a suigiugud na mís in the series of months, O'Gr. Cat. 304.32 . ni fhuarus ar suidhiughudh choir isin tsheinleabhar hi `properly arranged' (of a story), Lism. L. xxxiii 33 . iar suidhiughadh na ceilge . . . sin having laid that plot, Ériu v 166.57 . ocht meic Néill . . . | maith fúair síad a suidhioghadh | . . . ós clár . . . Éirenn happily were they appointed to rule over, L. Cl. A. B. 101.6 . a comairle do suidiugad ann sin 'the council met there' Celtica xiv 91 . dona suidight[h]ib sin from those dispositions (of the devastating of a country), ML² 1134 .

(e) act of settling, inhabiting (?): feib fúair . . . | a sudigud, a senchass `her dwelling-place with its story', Metr. Dinds. iii 278.36 . nár dhligh siumh cíos diarraidh a fásach go mbeith a suidhiucchadh `until they should be inhabited', AFM vi 1936.1 . ina fasach gan suidhiugudh `without cultivation', ZCP vi 103.30 .

(f) Med. disposition, constitution : drochshuigigud an cuirp co huili, RC xlix 53.15 . do ní suidhiugadh graineamail san ceann faedam in capite dispositionem inducente, 23 K 42, 284.12 . dogabar na clocha do shír a nénshuidigud ┐ a naen fuirm, O'Gr. Cat. 256.13 . Note also: cíall do duine ┐ cruth, | mogénor dian suidhiughudh happy the person so constituted, ZCP vii 268 § 3 .

(g) act of establishing, fixing (a law, etc.): suidiughadh ┐ ordughadh cach rechta, Laws i 14.23 . recmaít a les sudigud ┐ ordugud cach rechta lind, LU 9770 . beith cen ordug[ad] suidigte gell ┐ aignesa, Irish Texts iv 25 § 5 . sealg do shíth do shuidhiughadh `the task of making peace with thee', Aithd. D. 60.15 . snath-reim suidighthi gacha senchais, MR 108.19 . Perh. also in the title `Do suidigud tellaich Temra', Ériu iv 124 .

(h) act of affirming, establishing, proving; proof : it iat sin a tuarasdla ┐ a comhidechta conadh da suideghudh atfed in t-ughdar . ., BB 268b38 (cf. Leb. Cert. 32.17 ). in lucht suídhighthe do bhí ag imdénamh, O'D. 681 ( H 3.17, 499 ). cu sui[di]giud uilc air = donec pereatur in contrarium, O'Curry 675 ( H 3.18, 329 ). ni dlegaid acht aen fer, na ain-testa d'a shéna, no d'a suigiugadh, Hy Maine 66.10 . ferr slōg suidiugadh an army is better than proof (?), RC xlv 79 § 18 . ag suidhiugad pecaidh marbtha air nach derna se, BCC 58.2 . deismeireachd iomdha . . . do shuidhioghadh a n-aibeóradh, IGT Introd. § 2 (2.24) . dorachaind-si da suidhiugudh air `I would undertake to prove it on him', ZCP vi 49.8 . an bhfuil suidhiughadh san Scrioptúir ar pheacadh an tsinnsir do bheith ar na daoinibh, TSh. 3284 .

(i) Gramm. the subjunctive mood : gé chuin ┐ suil ┐ gé do-ner trí suidhighthi bona; dá ndernar s.¤ g. (= suidhiughadh gaoidheilge), IGT Verbs § 1 . gé chuin tegmar . . . s[uidhiughadh] in demnighthi; gé chuin ná tegmar . . . s[uidhiughadh] in diúltaid . . . gé chuin tegma . . . s[uidhiughadh] indscni thú, etc., § 2 . gé chuin ná rabhar a suideachad, § 7 . ? Not to be used as first element in a compound, Introd. § 97 (24.27) .