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2 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 a or dil.ie/3
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: á, e, a, a

In O.Ir. also á (see Celtica ii 339 - 40 ), e ( GOI 285 ). Poss. pron. (proclitic form of , q.v.) of 3 s. m. and n. (leniting), 3 s. f. (geminating) and 3 pl. of all genders (nasalising). When a numeral intervenes between poss. and noun the usage fluctuates. The older is represented by a nda ara. LU 4729 , the later by a da nduma, LL 1541 , where the initial of the noun is mutated independently of the numeral. The poss. of the third person is also used in combinations such as adám my two, adád your two, adár our two. Similarly with trí. See Ériu xi 146 ff. and the numerals , trí.

For the forms in combination with prepositions see the several prepositions.

I Denoting possession, ownership, relationship, connection, etc.

(a) a thuaithe of his folk, Wb. 5a23 . a bullu `His members', 9d4 . a chnámi, 4d15 . á luum `their pilot', 4a14 . irroimed cách a chéele, 6d4 (see céile). ní diá geneluch, Trip.² 78 . a hétach her clothes, TBFr. 232 . a mmod ┐ a fit `her portion', Mon. Tall. 149.14 (§ 60) . inna mbossán, LU 3231 ( SCC § 2 ). al-lorga ┐ a mbachla their croziers, PH 5103 . gan fios a gcéille, Donlevy vi 9 . co cend a seacht mbliadan till he was seven, ZCP xi 134. 31 .

With adjj. used substantivally. iss é a fír `that is the truth of it', BColm. 100.7 . ēill ngēisi . . . cia de bud ferr la hUltu a mbeō na a mmarb do brith dōib, TBC-I¹ 692 (perh. to be referred to II). bit lía a mairb and andat a mbí, LU 8266 ( FB 21 ).

(b) With copula in relative clauses expressing genitival relation ( GOI 321 - 2 ). Cf. issa gl. quorum, Ml. 90c3 . intí asa ainm bís isnaib titlaib, 2c3 . Tenobi ata (= ata a) scél ro-c[h]lotha `of Tenobius whose tidings have been heard', Fél. Aug. 24 . in fer asa erbaid aire, Trip.² 408 . bennachais in ríg bá (= ba a) gaisced he blessed the king whose armour it was, LU 5048 (TBC). an mhaighden-so 'sa hainm an Tnūith this maiden whose name is envy, Desid. 1652 . Occasionally also with intervening adj.: na féle assa fortrén taitnem `of the feasts whose radiance is mighty', Fél. Prol. 330 . ata (= ata a) n-aidbli bríga `whose vigours are vast', Ep. 34. nocon ḟetar cúich in Cu/Culaind asa caini clú, LU 4561 (TBC). Note also: a bronnad aineclann cháich as a aí the honour price of each person who owns it (of a mill), Críth G. 240 , ( GOI 322 ).

With dat. of accompaniment, a oenur, a ndíis, a triur etc., see these words. On the construction tá sé ina ríg see Dillon ZCP xvii 307 ff. and prep. i.

(c) With nouns indicating quantity, portion (of something), likeness, etc. (for fuller treatment see the nouns concerned): ni ro-pheccaig . . . a becc in the smallest degree, PH 2622 . a bheag nó a mhór do thoirthibh, TSh. 3751 . denum-ne a choibes ┐ a macsamla, PH 119 . a thri chomméit three times as much, LU 8248 ( FB 19 ). nochon accasa riam a chutrumma anything to equal it, TBFr. 50 . ní áirmhim a leth nó a thrían gach a fúaras ó sin siar, ZCP viii 220 § 22 . tria tharmcruthugud a letheti `the like of it', PH 3091 . ara lin do gablaibh i fodlait(h)er grā[d] túa[i]the, Críth G. 4 . is e a mét ro-s-lín oman, PH 1121 . a shamail-seo do clochad, 7328 . dā dabaigh décc do lionn maith/a thrí urdāil do deghbraith, ZCP viii 116.1. i n-urmhōr the greater part of them, ML². 1825 . So also with adjj. compounded with com- e.g. a chomglan so, Maund. 22 .

II As objective gen. with vnn. of transitive verbs: á híc `his salvation' (that he has been saved), Wb. 2b11 . a marbad `killing them', 4a12 . ní arilset geinti a fírianugud, `the gentiles have not deserved to be justified' 4d10 . a chomalnad `to fulfil it', 5d10 . ma ad-ced torbe inna thec[h]t `if ye should see benefit in its going' (i.e. in so going), 11b22 . a bronnad, Críth G. 240 . a indarpae `he must be banished', Mon. Tall. 147.32 (§ 54). dénam-ne an degaithris, let us worthily imitate them, ZCP viii 216.15 . dutracht lim a nguidhe I wish to pray to them, Ériu i 226. § 1 . ro-gab Petar uad-som a chairiugud Peter accepted his reproval (of himself) from him, PH 5892 . ada fis . . . araen . . . ada nanfis . . . imaraen, the knowledge . . . ignorance of both of them, Laws iii 276.18 . Hence in construction OC + vn.: occá sirḟegad imme anair, LU 2028 ( FA 10 ). aga thabhairt fo dera coimhéud na bochtaine, RSClára 41a .

With DO introducing agent: massu ed béso mó a fius dúibsi `the knowledge of it that ye have', Wb. 19b11 . act cuit a scribint domsa, 13a23 . ní fitir nech díb for araile a n-imchossait do Bricrind, LU 8251 ( FB 20 ). in pendit nopeinebad ind laoch . . . a denam do a mac tar a cend, Mon. Tall. 163.17 (§ 86) . With LA: ro aduim Sinoip a claí la hErcuil `that she had been defeated', Stair Erc. 1138 . With ó: ro-p áil dó a aimsiugud o diabul, PH 2020 .

With other nouns (with wide variation in the force of the poss.): a lóg the reward for it, Wb. 5d35 . a lúach soin don rí ní rug, IGT Decl. ex. 1271 . ricfaither a les do gille, Sc.M² § 7 (see less). dommanic amh a hadbur cause for it, Ériu v 72.15 . go dtugsad a rige do D. they gave the kingship of it to D., Ériu i 102 § 60 . bid lia turim a chath the combat for him, Sc.M² § 3 . nī cōir a chuma to grieve for him, ACL iii 221.24 . a húamun fear of him, ZCP viii 218 § 20 . co naca fir Erenn . . . a reir uaimsea so that the men of Ireland may see me submitting to him, Ériu v 240.132 . d'fulair a grádh ar hIrúath by imposing love for herself on Herod, Ériu iv 178 § 29 . ferr les a sidh na a cocudh `that he would rather be on peaceful than on hostile terms with them', Stair Erc. 1859 . a aitherrach sin do fregra, Maund. 27 . aenduini nach fuair a soludh who did not profit by him, CCath. 1188 . pontifex a grēc p. is the Greek for it, ZCP viii 113.25 .

As subjective gen. with vnn. of intrans. vbs.: á buid `that it is', Wb. 11d3 . a mbith samlaid, Laws iv 212.2 . a éc he died, Ann. Inisf. 1075.2 . a ndul coríg Locha Léin that they should go, ZCP viii 316.7 . in gabul tirimm a beth fo blath, PH 1317 .

III In prolepsis.

(a) With follg. noun in gen. a dénum in maid sin, Wb. 1d7 . a masse in choirp `its, the body's, beauty', 28c25 . a n-athir inna fer, 4c1 . a ndírmann / in tríir imrádam, Fél. Oct. 11 . a cathim na raod sin, Mon. Tall. 132.22 (§ 13) . a n-andord mac n-Usnig, IT i 72.4 . dia fholcud a chind, TBFr. 256 . romórad dano a ainm Dé ┐ Colmáin, BColm. 54.6 .

Later also with nom.: nipa mor a glanad deitsiu ind chomairle dobeir Findio deit, Mon. Tall. 154.5 (§ 67) . mairg dá dtig a seac[h]na so / an teaghdhais i dtá Íosa, Dán Dé v 31 . a innisin . . . na hoibreacha, RSClára 19a . With follg. DI (partitive): a foróil bess lib dinaib anib, Wb. 16c22 . is mór a thorbe de dúnni, 1a3 .

(b) With abstract noun forming adverbial phrase modifying verb of follg. rel. clause: is e a erat fritammiurat `that is the (lit. its) length of time they will hurt me', Ml. 33a1 . a lére ropridchissi, Wb. 24c17 . ba sed a barbardacht atraachtatar, MU² 494 . ara ḟoillsi ┐ ara imchuibde ro indis scéla Crist, Trip.² 13 . a imisle ro bui sé isin comlunn, Stair Erc. 1134 . a dhoimhne do chuaidh an cló, Dán Dé xxiii 24 . fo bhīthin a onōraighi airmitnighi rothaisspēin a s[h]upāilce mōrthrōcairecha dhōip, Fl. Earls 170.22 . In the follg. the phrase is adjectival rather than adverbial: a lomnachtaighe fhágbhas an bás iad, TSh. 657 . a threise atá an chlí, Dán Dé xxiii 10 .

(c) Anticipating a following clause. With finite verb: is mó a fius deitsiu a ndo-rigeni di maith, Wb. 30a8 . a dérbad co n-id fír na hí atberimsi, PH 2036 . a lorgairecht cionnus congbhaidhther . . ., RSClára 135b . a mheas gur dlisdionach, Donlevy vi 20 . Note also: aní rongéni ho gnimaib á epert, Ml. 31b24 . With vn.: dorucadar a buideachus risna deithib Ercuil d'iaraidh a n-ingine, Stair Erc. 937 . a thecht dim bas d'faghail don te, 2549 . a theacht de sin é do chailleamh an ghill, TSh. 10638 .

Common in compd. prepp., see dáil, 1 degaid, 1 deóin, dochum, éis, 1 muin, 1 son, etc.

7 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 7 a or dil.ie/8
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: a, a, a, a, a, a, a, á, as, as, assin, asind, as, as, as, as, as, ast, assa, asa, asar, as, assa, asa, asum, essiut, ass, as, es, essi, esse, eissi, esti, eisti, este, aiste, essib, eissib, esib, estib, eistib, asta, asa

prep. with dat., geminating out of, from . In O.Ir. glosses frequ. á (see Celtica ii 239 - 40 ). See GOI § 834 . The usual form before nouns is a: a corin[tib], Wb. 7c18 . a ppecad, 3b3 . a persin, 4c23 . a rrath, 12a7 . a rrangabáil, Sg. 196b5 . a llatin, Ml. 3a15 . a mmedón, Tur. 72 . á óensonaib, Wb. 12a10 . In later lang. also as(s): as talomh, Fl. Earls 112.29 . as Éirinn, Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 (see Desid. xxxiv ). Before proclitics as(s). With article: assin folud, Wb. 9c10 . asind óinrainn, Sg. 197a17 . as tír, BDD² 435 . as tig, 544 . Note also: as cech ṡét, Thes. ii 320.3 .

With poss. adj. 1 s. as mo chuimriug, Wb. 23b7 . 2 s. as do, Sc.M² 11 . ast, 12 . 3 s. assa, Wb. 2c7 . 20d13 . asa, 25d16 . 1 pl. asar, Wb. 15c24 . 2 pl. as for, LU 8551 (H) ( FB 41 ). 3 pl. assa, MU² 276 . asa, 390 .

With suffixed pron. 1 s. asum, ZCP vi 285.8 . 2 s. essiut, RC xiv 188.z . 3 s. m. and n. ass, Wb. 29b15 . as, Ml. 36c20 . es, RC xxv 346 § 2 . 3 s. f. essi, Ml. 85c14 . esse, 113d2 , 131c14 . eissi, Sg. 196b2 . esti, PH 197 . eisti, BDD² 1405 . este, ZCP vi 81.4 . aiste, TSh. 4477 . 3 pl. essib, Wb. 12a10 , b23 . Ml. 87b18 . eissib, Sg. 190a1 . esib, 51b11 . estib, PH 2878 . eistib, ML² 1478 . asta, TSh. 2791 .

With rel. as(s)a n-: asatoróimed, Wb. 11a19 . See GOI § 834 , IGT Introd. § 100 (25.12) .

I Expressing motion, out of, from: oc techiud a rroí, Críth G. 539 . co rróimid topar husci ass, Trip.² 93 . fuil totmad (leg. totma(e)?) a crann a wound sustained in falling from a tree, Laws v 362.z . in ti bis for imrama a inad d'inad from place to place, Laws iv 36.12 Comm. coillti an talman do thuitim as a premaibh will be uprooted, RC xxviii 312 § 9 . luid fer a cath, BColm. 94.15 . facbuid-si asin tir-si leave this land, RC xiv 56 § 69 . na fuirighedh a Temraig ach imthiged asti co hobann, Ériu iii 170 § 29 . co cuala géim bó ic tiachtain al-loch Ṡithgail `out of Loch S.', Dinds. 155 ( RC xvi 270 ). rosái assen dia thigh, RC xviii 184.28 . atracht focétóir in marb a bás, RC ii 390 z . no ássad bolgg corcra assa etun a purple blister would grow out of his forehead, Ériu iv 32.3 . With impers. vb. ní thig asta `they do not shrink' (of shoes), O'Rah. xviii 24 . Without accompanying verb: do rigne Dia firt . . . .i. in topur husci asin talmain, Trip.² 96 . cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh sweet piping from her lips, Ériu iv 174. § 8 . asa tuaisciurt inda deiscert `(to go) from the North (of it) to the south (of it)', Mon. Tall. 133. 22 (§ 17) . do chuir se iarraidh ar thigerna A. . . . as Eirinn chuige `sent to the laird of A. to come to him from Ireland', Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 .

In complement of object of transitive verbs: with various transitive verbs (see also under several vbs.): tóbe uitiorum assa anmin `the cutting of vice out of his soul', Wb. 2c7 . aní asatorbatha `that out of which they have been cut', 5b39 . . . . benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308, z . ni béram ass gl. nec aufferre quid possimus ( 1 Timothy vi 7 ), Wb. 29b15 . dobert . . . dí báe déc . . . assint shíd, TBFr. 6 . an ghairbhiachtach . . . chuirid asta which they emit, TSh. 6705 . tarslaic Petrum a slabreid released Thes. ii 304.1 (Hy. i). is as do leigi iat (of shots), as a ninat . . ., Laws iv 226.17 . atdobrarbadse a tír Hérenn you have been banished from Ireland, BDD² 416 . ar ndichur a nGall esib, Ann. Conn. 1338.4 . hoc a tafonn (ac a cur v.l.) asa gort driving it out of his field, ACL iii 2.8 . gabais . . . daur . . . assa frēnaib, Sc.M² 18 . dasrenga ais `drew it out', Mon. Tall. 150.29 (§ 61). is cían rosraeined amach / Iudaich a crīch Rōmānach, ZCP viii 115.17 . dá sraoilleadh . . . as a chéile, TSh. 5696 . di loscud a thige . . . di gait as—a leth di gait ind for stealing from it . . . for bringing stolen property into it, Críth G. 123 . tonindnaig . . . leithi in chon dó assa laim chlí gives him . . . with her left hand, RC iii 177.5 . adetha C. assa láim, 6 . do urail S. a cengal as scotaib ceathra sdet `ordered him to be bound to the tails of 4 steeds', ITS xix 100.7 . gairfidh Íosa uair nó dó / as an talmhain a dteasdó, Dán Dé xiv 9 .

Common in 3 s. n. as adv. with verbs of going, etc. tíagait ass na teachta-sin depart, Sc.M² 4 R . documlát ass do Chrúachnaib, TBFr. 42 . amal ossa is amlaid rorathatar ass they ran like deer, Ériu iii 141.208 . imsái as in mac the boy turns away, Ériu i 116 § 5 . Hence with verbs of going, etc. escapes: 'san domnach dodechaid ass / a broinn in bledhmil Ionas, Ériu iii 144 § 14 . bualadh Tairrdelbaig . . . acht cena terno som ass, RC xviii 35.27 . ní dechaidh as gan gabāil nō gan marbadh acht Sir Gyi . . ., ZCP vi 72.12 . creid nách fhuil dul as ar domhan agad ót olc shíordhuidhe, Mac Aingil 1857 . Related meanings. Dies, comes to an end: dia ndech nech dībh as `departs' (this life), Marco P. 140 . din ló dochúaid Cerball ass, RC xx. 12 § 20 . ni ragha in la-su ass `this day will not go by', CCath. 3573 . na heirig ass co madain / do deacraib rig in richid (sic leg., ed.) do not cease till morning from (recounting) the wonders of the king of heaven, Ériu v 26.22 . co n-erlai [int archaingel] a rrecht ind ríg `forsook the law', Ériu ii 108 § 22 . With other verbs in idiomatic phrases: not-ber as dom' inchaib get thee out of my sight, ZCP i 105.1 . beir as tú `escape' Keat. iii 3246 . tucsat as in oidhchi-sin co himsnímach spent that night, Fianaig. 52.17 . a bheatha do thabhairt as go measardha to lead a life of moderation, TSh. 268 . ruccsatt ass amhlaidh sin ifoimhdin aroile they continued, Hugh Roe 288.17 (fo. 76a) . ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . cuir ass na dorchu tuccais expel the darkness thou hast brought, Anecd. iii 35.17 . ata si arna cur as anois `it is now destroyed' (of a city), Maund. 43 . a lecan as, he was set free, RC xviii 283.15 . leicem as ar n-imram let us give up, RC xxvi. 136 § 9 . leig as 'athair cease, father, Ériu iv. 51 § 7 . do lēic ech in rīgh ar a glūinibh hī . . . ┐ nīr fēdadh as hī she could not be got out of that position, ZCP xiii 182.31 . Without accompanying vb. (freq. as ipv.) ass, a duine, ar éat `get out, O man!' (be off), Fél. 184.6 . as tír duit get thee out of the land, RC xxv 24.6 . as as bhar Fraoch get hence, get hence, said F. ML 124.13 . asa sin doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 178.3 . aisidhe dhó co Tulaig na C. thence he went, ZCP xiv 259.8 . In phrase: ní has dó there is no escape for him, he has no chance of escape (see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 348 ): ma commhor th'eucht led bhriathruibh, ni has dhamhsa if your deeds are on a par with your words there is no escape for me, Luc. Fid. 344.12 . ni has dh'aoinneach aguibh there is no escape for any of you, 284.15 . nach bu has dh'iachtaranuibh no dh'uachtaranuibh, 260.22 . ní has d'Éirinn eatorra between them Ireland has no escape, DDána 92.7 . In phr. as ┐ ind: do ḟeitheam a long . . . as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in', Dinds. 135 ( RC xvi 142.6 ). cloictheach . . . ┐ eoin duba . . . ind ┐ as `passing into and out of it', RC xvii 394.y .

II Expressing origin, source.

(a) from, originating in: a grec anísiu `from the Greek' Sg. 148b14 . assin tein atgládastar `out of the fire he addressed him', Thes. ii 318.4 (Hy. ii). ba hingnád aisec asind inut sin (.i. a détaib in chon allaid), Trip.² 148 . in port asa n-accai Patraic inna naimtiu, 1500 . bá foderc dó . . . assa imduí, LU 8219 ( FB § 16 ). nír faei i tig as mbi eggna suillsi tenead, BDD² 175 . is hí ro hic súil ind ríg / a topor Locha Dá líg, IT i 131.29 . is a Hérind anair, MU² 513 . secht mile as so `seven miles from here', ZCP vi 295.7 . co fesamar can as tucad till we know whence it was brought, Ériu i 46.10 . ni fes can as tánic `whence it came', RC xviii 302.7 . a tírib hIndía do, PH 820 . niamh ḟíona a hór (drunk) from a gold goblet, DDána 119.25 . from (of a number out of a group): mart as gach creich, muc as gach crú, caora as gach trét, BNnÉ 265 § 230 . sé ar fichit a Huib Neill `six and twenty of the Húi Néill', RC xxiv 202. 14 . Of the ground of proof from: is follus as for ng[n]imaib ni dligthi comardad fris etir, LU 8551 ( FB 41 ). follus asna scélaib-so Colmáin it is clear from these stories about Colman, BColm. 102, 12 . is esti demniges, PH 2185 . créad is iontuigthe as sin, TSh. 161 .

With various vbs.: nī contesba banne ass `not a drop was wanting therefrom', Thes. ii 348.3 (Hy. v). a tír asa tairidnither `from the land out of which (the water) is drawn', Ériu xvii 68 § 8 . cid asa fordailtea grád túa[i]the? what is the basis of the different grades of the `túath'? Críth G. 6 . rí rodelb eisse cach ṅduil, SR 25 . asnabbrad hi sennathib `whence it was said', Fianaig. 30.13 . rofiarfaigh dib crēd asa fuaradar an cís aingid sin, RC x 185.y . gach ainm eile . . . nach sloinntear as tarbh, Maguires of F. 45 .

(b) Hence introducing the instrument or cause of an action, etc. by, with, because or by reason of: a faill do denam for being neglectful, Laws iv 50.10 . ro bendach Pátraic asa díb lámaib in Machai with his hands, Trip.² 2799 . asa réir budesin of his own accord, Ériu i 219 § 7 . as mothoil féin `of my own will', RC xiii 272.6 . nach maith dogni duine asa chorp isin domun any good thing a man does with his body, Ériu vii 172.y . Cluain maic Nois d'argain . . . a comairle Muirchertaig, on M.'s advice, RC xviii 30.25 . is a radurc atconnairc Ith . . . Slébe Irruis deiscirt, Ériu iv 142.16 . roslen Nél assa lurg, by means of his track, Metr. Dinds. iii 404.13 . cia mod as a mbrisend recht in what way, PH 2588 . do-rinne an tshoil cumhachda gáoidhilgi ortha as ar cóir do chomhardadh íad by reason of which, IGT Introd. 11.16 . lot mh'anma a silleadh na súl / do rinneadh, Dán Dé ix 4 . a caingean Dé do diúltadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1355 . mellaid mōr duini asa dath / gid buidi in t-ōr is otrach, ACL iii 238 § 16 . Note also: ragat gussin Rōimh as go ffuilēngat croch ┐ cēssadh, Fl. Earls 206.25 ; whereby they will suffer Celtica ix 117-18 . Cf. 8.18 , 170.8 . With créd: créd dorinne sí asa rabhus di marsin what she had done that they were treating her thus, Ériu v 168.82 . créad as nach adhradh . . . na dée mar chách why, Keat. ii 5393 . With adv. as: is as tugadh Nár air this is why he was called N., 3645 .

(c) Introducing the name of a language: ainm an inaidh sin . . . a Gaeidheilcc in Irish, Maund. 57 . laphruiss . . . assin bérla glan ghrécach in the pure Grecian tongue, Anecd. i 34.70 . berla na filed asa n-acaillit cach dib aroile wherein they all address each other, Auraic. 200 .

III Miscellaneous uses.

(a) In sense of attached to, compos- ed of, in etc. : amal bīs tuir már oc fulang tige ┐ illāma esti, Corm. Y 1224 . ro-lēcis gaī form-sa co-rrabae as mo scíath `so that it stuck in my shield', Sc.M² 11 . cipe [no beth] démnach asa mér no asa brága whoever was possessed by a demon in his finger or in his throat, RC ii 400 § 40 . a edach delradach . . . imi, as a ndenad idbarta do Baich `in which he was wont to offer sacrifices', TTebe 2842 . gu bhfaiceabh asin coluinn-si Dia, ITS xix 92.6 . Cf. rí sithamail asa flaithes in respect of, Rawl. B 512 fo. 69d .

(b) After vbs. expressing recognition, etc. : atgénammár asa samail in fer sin, LU 6805 ( FB 46 ). cinnas do aith[g]ēnmais in degmnái . . . asa deilb ┐ asa costud, a tlás, a fos, a féile, ZCP viii 112.22 . misi do aimsigh Eabha / as a basuibh bairrgheala / 's as a derc ramhoill raglais, Ériu iv. 112.26 - 27 . ad-mestar asa toirthib talmain, ZCP xi 94 § 33 . ? a samlaib én n-etarlúamain, LU 8628 ( FB 47 ) (rhet.).

(c) After vbs. of bathing, washing: do-dheochaid co mbricht neimhe lé do Frāech corusfothraic ás . . . a arma he bathed his weapons in it, ZCP xiii 175.6 . doluid Cuchulaind dia bualad asna huscibsin, TBC-I¹ 2742 . nocho raibi husce ocai asa ndénad in bathis, Trip.² 91 . ro tinsain usce . . . conid as ronig a derc with it he washed his eye, Dinds. 64 ( RC xv 462 ). usce asa negar Grip, ZCP iii 214.14 . roghonais mo dhalta / rodergais as t'fhogha thou hast reddened thy spear in his blood, BS 12.14 .

(d) After vbs. of paying, exchanging, etc. dobertha a chutroma d'or ┐ d'argat ass, Hugh Roe 220.3 (fo. 58b) . diass as in cethramuin ┐ da bho as an bfer nach fuighthi dibh .i. bó as in duine ┐ bo as in éidegh, L. Chl. S. 31 . tainic Ciaran dá fhuascladh, ┐ tucc moran oir ┐ argait ass in return for him, BNnÉ 117.27 . dober braighi maith duit asum fein `I will bring thee a good hostage for myself', ZCP vi 70.15 . dlighe do dhíol as, TSh. 10084 .

(e) After words expressing hope, trust, doubt etc. : go ndearna dall / dóigh as an té do thoghsam, Dán Dé iv 26 . as do thrócuire atá ar ndóchas, xix 21 . thairisi asa deghgnimradhaibh féin, CCath. 330 . an neimhiocht gnáthach do bhí aige as féin `it was sad that his brother always had a suspicion of him', his usual mistrust for him, Keat. ii 2504 . bith cunntaphuirt agut asi[n] nduine aithenus tu `be on your guard against', Ériu v 136 § 93 . etir cin co fiss / no co n-anfiss ass, ACL iii.222.30 .

(f) After vbs. of boasting, etc. : dia maide as a shúalchib, PH 4855 . itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra / cid uaibrech as m'urlabra, ACL iii 239 § 34 . rom-moltar ar cech feib as mo ghail, ZCP v 503.24 . créad as a ndéine díomus, TSh. 633 .

IV In later lang. also of time from, since: ní nach dearnadh as mo nua ná as mo naoidheantacht ariamh riom, ML 100.14 . fer na dechaid asa naindin riam gan cenn Connachtaig lais `from his childhood', ZCP i 103.1 . asa naidendacht `from his infancy', RC ii 386 § 9 . sé is (leg. as) th'óige ort / [is] móide ar an ḟolt mh'fiafraighidh that thou hast it since thy youth increases my wonder (?) at the hair, DDána 114.2 . asa tosuch from the beginning, Ériu iv 214.18 . nambered cách a huair dena maccleirchib dochum a tige leo `would take him home in turn', Ériu ii 222.24 .

In prep. phrases, see aithle, céile, ucht, etc. In adv. phrase see núa.

1 acht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 acht or dil.ie/200
Last Revised: 2019

(freq. act in O. Ir. glosses). See GOI § 908 . Later ach.

I As prep. with accus. (see Ériu xvii 79 , ZCP xxv 237 , Ériu lx 137-42 )

(a) save, except (lit. outside, Thurn.): cách act tiamthe `every one save Timothy', Wb. 23d5 . bacc de echaib a.¤ serrchu, Laws ii 118.9 . a.¤ cuit naige fine, iv 194.26 . roslechtsat do Patric a.¤ cóicḟir all except five bowed to P., Trip.² 1652 . fiche a.¤ sé bliadna i.e. 14 years, LL 15069 . ar di-legad síl Dubthaig Daīl ... acht claind Moathaire 'for [all] the descendants of Dubthach the Beetle were destroyed ... except for the kindred of Mothaire', Aided Echach 96 §4 (g) (h) . di-legath síl Dubthig Dōeltengath and act cethra conchuiriu, Aided Echach 94 § 1​ . achd ré n-aithrighe d'fhagháil save that there was time for repentance, DDána 64.9 .

(b) More freq. after neg. vb. as in: act aní ropridchussa dúib (nothing) save gl. nihil . . . sapietis, Wb. 20b4 . nand asse díchenglad cor mbél . . . inge (acht, MS) nóe curu it is not proper to dissolve contracts . . . except for nine contracts . . . Ériu xvii 66 §§ 4 , 5 .

(c) Hence in sense of Engl. only, merely , etc. (cf. Fr. ne . . . que): ar ni arilsem-ni act dígail for we have deserved only punishment, Wb. 20d14 . ni bí nach dethiden foir act fognam do día his only care is to serve God, 10b9 . ni gessid . . . act búaid precepte, 26a34 . nicon chloor act for caínscél, 23b41 . connaccon bet a.¤ degnimai less so that he may have only good works, Ml. 129a9 . ní rádat som a.¤ bréic ┐ togaís they speak only lies and deceit, 31a18 . in tan nád techtat a.¤ oin aimsir `when they have only one time', Sg. 5a10 . nī fūar a ssēt a.¤ Maire `I have found not her like save Mary', Thes. ii 349.4 (Hy. v). a.¤ fo thri nico rotroisci M. `that M. never fasted but thrice', Mon. Tall. 157.5 (§ 72) muna bed a.¤ don dornsann ní himtecar la suidaib, Laws iv 158.5 . nach ístais biad . . . a.¤ biad Conchobair, IT i 75.15 . conna-ruc a.¤ oīnchois ūaim, Sc.M² 12 . ni boi arm la Hiruath . ... a.¤ bocṡlaitt moir, PH 850 (a.¤ bocslat mor, v.l., ZCP xiv 147.7 ). na déantar lámh dhearg a.¤let none but her be outlawed(?) Dán Dé ix 9 . nach fuil a.¤ talam ┐ luaith san cholainn daonna nothing but earth and ashes, TSh. 432 . gan a.¤ mac tíre 'na sesamh rena brollach only a wolf standing at her breast (instead of her own calf), BNnÉ 164 § 34 . Note also: dearna a láimhe a.¤ a lámh oile / clár do b'áilne snoidhe sain, DDána 32.22 , where a neg. is implied (see notes).

(d) With emphasising nammá, amáin: a.¤ comparit neutair nammá gl. non inuenitur nisi neutri generis, Sg. 41a8 . act seircc ndée tantum (= nammá) gl. non quaerit quae sua sunt, Wb. 12c2 . a.¤ nammá renders Lat. nisi forte, 9d21 , 12c32 . a.¤ éolas nammá, TBFr. 392 . ní thérna díb a.¤ oenchóicer namá, BDD² 1494 . teach . . . cen dorus . . . a.¤ seinistir ┐ forleas namá a house without any door but a window and skylight only, 81 . a.¤ dá angel amáin ní bátar and, LL 291a3 . ní bhí a.¤ an moladh amháin / ní don domhan a.¤ díoláimh `save praise alone', TD 31.8 . a.¤ trōcaire Dé amhāin, Fl. Earls 134.20 .

(e) So also with follg. mad (cf. acht má as conjunction infra): a.¤ mad a claind `unless it be her (own) children' (gl. docere autem mulieri non permitto), Wb. 28b13 . ni ruc . . . claind . . . a.¤ mad óeningin, IT i 130.14 . nád aithgainethar . . . a.¤ mad indred n-indligthech, Críth G. 564 . noco ria nech dib ar éc . . . a.¤ mad Essu ┐ Caleb, SR 4732 . a.¤ mad aenfer, Anecd. i 63 § 115 . indis dam firindi, riam nucha n-ebartais a.¤ mad guth ceart, Fen. 156.21 . ni bhíodh neach aga ghoire a.¤ madh na hoighe allaid `save only the deer', ZCP i 64 § 57 .

(f) Hence in adv. phrase a.¤ (mad) becc lit. except (but only) a little, hence almost: combo marb a.¤ bec until he was almost dead, LU 3290 ( SCC 8 ). a mboi de ór . . . oca a.¤ becc almost all the gold they had, PH 999 . fāsughudh C. . . . a.¤ becc `almost total devastation', RC xvii 384.23 (Tig.). corloiscit cella fer Midhi a.¤ mad becc, 389.7 .

II As conjunction

(a) In sense save only that, except that (folld. by nasalising rel. clause in O.Ir., see GOI § 503 ) (freq. with nammá): ro legsat canóin amal rundalégsam-ni a.¤ ronda-sáibset-som tantum `they have read the Scripture text as we have read it save only that they have perverted it', Ml. 24d24 . accobor la mmenmuin maid do imradud act nandléicci concupiscentia carnalis , Wb. 3d13 . Borg Emna ro tetha / a.¤ mairte a clocha `save that its stones remain', Fél. Prol. 194 . is bēlra dligthech concanat, a.¤ nat aithgnet cluasa dōine, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . a.¤ nach deachaidh tar muir Manann, riámh ní rosgabh rí ba fearr, Keat. ii 5755 . So also in the following (where rel. not marked): haue a.¤ ro noebad / do Dunlang `a grandson, save that he has been hallowed, of D.', Fél. April 11 . manid caindleóracht in tige as ail duit do chosnamh a.¤ namá bid mó bas loscud don tig oldás bas suillse don tegluch except that the house is more likely to catch fire than its inmates to get light, LU 9197 ( FB 92 ). conrotacht . . . a tech . . . fo chosmailius na Cráebrúadi . . . a.¤ nammá ro derscaigestar a tech so . . . do thigib inna hamsiri, 8046 ( FB 1 ). coro ṡollsigset in catraig na dluma derga . . . a.¤ ni loisctís nech nama without however burning anyone, LB 152b41 .

(b) With má, mani, cé (see Vendryes, Ériu xvi 21f. ). With má except if, unless: act ma chotchela gl. numquid Israhel non cognouit, Wb. 5a9 . act massu made in chretem rochretsid gl. nisi frustra credidistis, 13a34 . act mad melltach lassin fer `unless it be agreeable to the husband', 9d17 . act mad óentu dúib occa gl. ex consensu, 9d22 . tír Cannain . . . / nista . . . / a.¤ ma rannait . . . / for meic iar for n-adnacul unless your sons divide it SR 4735 . ní dligther fothud a thige do neoch . . . a.¤ ma ḟrisnasar a ḟlaith, Críth G. 79 . nocho chumcaid-si imchaisin Críst a.¤ ma blasti bás ar thús, Trip.² 1147 . ní talla a léni de a.¤ mad fria huaim `he may not take off his shirt except it be to stitch it', Ériu vii 140 . Note also: a.¤ má dothísad Arddrí secht nime dó ní reg-sa, Trip.² 1354 .

(c) With mani except if . . . not. So in some early exx., but later = a.¤ má or mani: a.¤ manidchomalnid a rropridchad dúib gl. nisi forte reprobi estis (you show that God is in you except you fulfil not what has been preached to you, Wb. 18b7 . ni ba messi dogena a.¤ manimléicther ind it is not I who will do it unless I am not allowed in i.e. provided I am not forbidden to enter, RC xxv 26.9 . noco mberthar uaimse ait na halma ass (leg. a.¤ Vendryes, loc. cit.) manip aúrderg limsa, LU 5029 (TBC) unless I do not consider them visible i.e. worthy of being seen (Vendryes). a.¤ minab edrud ┐ grian, `provided it be not between thee and the sun', Ériu viii 122.28 . In follg. exx. = a.¤ má, a.¤ mani: ni segar baithis acht menip dóig bes marb in gein unless the child seems likely to die, Ériu ii 208 § 32 . fotdáilfind i n-ilpartib . . . a.¤ manibad F. were it not for F. LU 5673 (TBC). ?is mesi . . . dliges a caurathmir a.¤ mani brister anfír form unless I am treated unfairly, LU 8986 ( FB 74 ). ni raga ass . . . a.¤ manit ainge ben unless a woman protect you, 3352 ( SCC 14 ). ní maith duit imthecht t'oenur a.¤ mani[d] dáil fir no thēig, Fing. R. 91 . acht mana maidi in talam found unless the ground breaks under us, TBC-I¹ 3577 = mono thaeth (muna maidhi, muna maoighthfe v.ll.), TBC-LL¹ 5975 . ni ra cotail C. risin re sin, a.¤ mani chotlad fithisin ṁbic . . . C. did not sleep during that time except for a little while, 2473 = a.¤ mad mani chotlad, LU 6338 . nach fer gentor a.¤ mona bentar a cend de unless his head is cut off, RC xii 88 § 99 . a.¤ mana bera lat in topur so `unless you take away this well', Lism. L. 4669 . a.¤ muna faghbam ní dar cobair orra sin ní bia duine a mbethaid unless we can find something to protect us from them there will not be a person alive, Acall. 6174 . ní dénann urchóitt do neach acht mona derna nech urcóit di, Maund. 33 . nad ḟetar-sa . . . act manip íat in Galían, CRR 11 . a.¤ munab í M. th' iarraidh, Eachtra Uill. 4300 .

(d) With cia even though, even if: act ci nip lour `even though it be not sufficient', Wb. 11d15 . nach facamur riamh roimhi, / a.¤ gér cian ar comnoide though long has been our sojourn, Ériu iv 114.32 . tu easbal dob annsa leis /. . ./ a.¤ ger ionmhuin gach easbal, Dán Dé i 9 . ba menmarc leis co mberadh buaidh a.¤ ge bhadar ced fan fer `he wished to defeat them even though they were a hundred to one', Stair Erc. 1471 . acht gidh mór do maith doronuis co ró-so, ZCP vi 67.8 . for imegla a bhāssaigthe a.¤ ge ro baoi i n-a Pāpa, Fl. Earls 206.20 . a.¤ gér laoch mear even though he was a swift warrior, LBranach 7210 . Samson, a.¤ gér chalma a neart, Éigse iv 188.71 .

(e) In conditional sense if only, provided that (folld. in O. Ir. by perfective subj. except where an impossible condition is implied, see GOI § 904 ): bíth and beos acht ropo i tuil dée `let him still abide therein provided it be in God's will', Wb. 10a25 . act ní arbarat biuth inna túari provided they eat not the foods, 10c1 . bid maith mo menmese act rocloor for cáinscéilsi `my mind will be glad provided I hear good news of you', 23d2 . atá comeisseírge act rocretem oipred dæ, 27a15 . ni imned lim act rop Crist pridches, 23b24 . buí cara damsa isin tírsea . . . a.¤ rofeasmais conair dá thig if only we knew the way to his house, BDD² 262 . a.¤ rop coir ní gellas, Críth G. 505 . a.¤ ropom airdric-se (ropa airdercsa LU), maith lim cen co bend buan acht oenlaa, TBC-I¹ 571 . ata lasna tuati beith lór dóib do ascnam nime acht doratat ní dona hanmchairtib (sic leg.) `the lay folk deem it enough to win a place in heaven if only they have given something to their confessors', Mon. Tall. 141.16 (§ 35) . doémat na trī sailm-sea . . . acht rogabthar gach dīa, ZCP iii 30.23 . With non-perfective vb.: a.¤ ni bed úall and `if only there were no pride in it', Wb. 10b27 . nico mórbrig laisim and a.¤ ní cometestar dond accobar `he counts it no great matter provided there be no yielding to desire', Mon. Tall. 152.7 (§ 63) . a.¤ com-messind-se mo maccu nī diṅgentais do chride chrád if only I were able to control my sons, Fing. R. 498 . Note also: noco nindligthech do gin co tuca abad acht techtugad do breith `provided that he has brought the means of taking possession', Laws iv 4.15 .

(f) Similarly with follg. co n-: ríge láech nErend . . . dait . . . a.¤ co nderna mo chomarlisea provided thou do, LU 8114 ( FB 8 ). a.¤ cor damthar fír fer dam ol sé atbér, 9213 (94) . a.¤ co rabat glinni mo diṅgbála ria provided there are sureties to satisfy me, MU² 64 . a.¤ co nde[r]nat maith / flaith uaidib co bráth, Trip.² 1798 . cretfemit do Christ a.¤ co ro-fhindamm a nert, PH 345 . nis-fil do plāig . . . for bith nachus-bera sin for cūlu, a.¤ corup léir guidter Dia occai, RC xii 430 § 21 . With non-perfective vb.: asbert . . . nod lemad a mbrethugud a.¤ co ndaimtis nammá fora breith, LU 9012 ( FB 76 ). dá fessed a.¤ combad fer ulcach nod ngonad no mairfedsom he ind (mixed constr.) 6110 (TBC). cuma a dteasda uan dom aois / gan suan feasda a.¤ go bhféadmaois, Dán Dé xvii 5 . a cōir féine a.¤ go bhfagha / ni dóigh Éire i n-aontamha, TD 24.1 . Hence as soon as: act arroilgither ind epistilse dúibsi berthir úaib Laudocensibus gl. et cum lecta fuerit apud vos aepistola [haec] facite ut et in L. aeclesia legatur, Wb. 27d13 . aiggelat sa hé a.¤ co roisc int oirned as soon as the ordination is ended, RC xlii 134 § 9 . acht co ndernair hoc rechtair romhat dochum an prainntighe, RC xxvi 374.1 . With non-perfective vb.: ragat a.¤ co fiasur in n-airm atá I will go as soon as I know where he is, LU 3373 ( SCC 17 ). bérthar cainnli duit acht co tumthar, Lism. L. 1996 .

(g) In adversative sense but: énirt a cocubussom . . . act nosnerta in sonirt, Wb. 10c3 . coir irnigde tra inso act ní chumcamni, 4a27 . robatar leosom eter desciplu . . . act dorigénsat in descipuil dechor etarru, 7d10 . cenél Maicc Ercae as tressam . . . a.¤ nochon follamnaiget amal ardrígu, Trip.² 1064 . lánsíth i nHérinn . . . a.¤ buí imneissi chatha iter dá Chorpre, BDD² 230 .

(h) Often introducing a positive clause oppd. to a preceding neg. one or vice versa: ni imdibe dualche . . . act is imdibe colno, Wb. 21b11 . conibé eter in peccato act co beid in pænitentia , 9b2 . ní bo ar seirc móidme act conrobad torbe dúibsi triit, 17a13 . ní dron act is diuit et is glé, 17b4 . ni ar Abracham . . . a.¤ is diar foirbthetuni, 2d2 . ni delb ad-rorsat act is cosmulius delbe, 1b19 . ba torad saithir dúun . . . act ní bad nertad na mbraithre, 10c21 . is hé láech is áildem . . . a.¤ níba s[h]uthain, TBFr. 5 . ni hainfis a.¤ día necar doniam indnos it is not in ignorance, but to set them forth that we proceed in this way, Mon. Tall. 154.27 (§ 66) . co rrabe . . . cen dig cen biad, a.¤ 'co immorchor ón taíb co araile, Sc.M² 3 . In sense at all events, however: mór di ḟertaib . . . doróne . . . acht aisnédfimne úaiti do ilib díb, Trip.² 110 . nī himda persa . . . is fessach crēd . . . in bāss geipit, acht nī thernoighit tar aiss amach go bráth, Fl. Earls 70.31 . Note also: munup do saighe selbha a.¤ for ecin `unless he seizes land by force only', Laws iv 26.16 Comm. nídnanaid a crothad nach a flescad a.¤ a nidi `it is no protection to shake or beat it, but only to wash it', Mon. Tall. 155.2 (67) . ná dearbh as a.¤ go hairech, Content. vi 27 .

(i) On cases where the prec. neg. sentence contains a word meaning only: ni hed a méit nonchretidsi act fodaimid fochidi airi `not only do ye believe it but ye endure sufferings therefor', Wb. 23c7 . nípat hé . . . nammá beite isind inducbáil sin a.¤ bieit cit geinti, 4c40 . nirbo chuit eperte tantum act robatar cid ferte dia imthrenugud, 24c5 . ni namá na duile aicside do chumscugud . . . a.¤ ro-chumscaigit gráda nime, PH 152 .

(j) In the idiom a.¤ ní . . . ní not only not . . . but not (cf. sech): a.¤ ní ructaisseom airesom ní rucadsom foraibsom not only could they not get away from him but he could not catch up with them, BDD² 300 and note. a.¤ nis leicim nis étaim, TBC-LL¹ 2334 (= sech LU). a.¤ ni trebad ni coimge, Metr. Dinds. iv 332.36 . a.¤ ni gonab-sa ni gonfa-sa mo moindter-sa, Ériu v 32.23 . a.¤ ní mó a cách ní lugu `not only is it not increasing but it is not less', Otia ii 81.2 . In positive constr.: acht ba dimdach ba debthach, SR 5688 . atbert in drui: a.¤ saerfaithir do mathair doberthar duit na bú as well as freeing your mother the cows will be given to you, IT i 40.x . Note also: a.¤ ní buaid a denam imbáruch is mó is dimbúaid a denam innocht, TBC-LL¹ 1866 .

(k) With cia: cindas rainnfither in mucc . . . cīa indas . . . a.¤ a-rann ar chomramaib in what other way, Sc.M² § 6 . cid, ol si, acht maillechut-sa tú co sír, PH 8262 . Introducing a phrase: cid fil ann didiu (sic leg.) a.¤ amal itcualae, PH 834 . cid fil ann immorro acht ni dechaidh aonnech ina ndocum, Stair Erc. 449 . Note also: aní ná roich lám, cid a.¤, / is écen dam a dúthracht, LU 3935 (`yet' SCC § 44 ).

(l) As quasi-conjunction in idioms with cen (gan): gan é a.¤ i naois ōiglenaib `seeing he was but of young child's age', O'Gr. Cat. 381.13 . gan lios . . . a.¤ lán do dhoire dharach, TD 28.7 . gan duine a.¤ ag dol ar séad, Dán Dé ix 34 . gan duine . . . do dol faoi . . . acht le custam do dhīol `that no one should go under it without paying custom', Fl. Earls 90.4 . brugh. loch. Lugh inand ghabhaid a.¤ gan illradh ag Lugh, IGT Decl. p. 81 § 29 . Note also: ní fuil mac Gaoidhil ná Goill / a.¤ lán dá éanghrádh uile, TD 17.57 . ní bhí leó a urdail a.¤ d'ór /. . ./ cinn a bhfagha suaine a sleagh / nó truaille tana dtroigheadh `they have not so much as the heads of their javelins . . . but is gold', 9.29 .

In introductory phrases: a.¤ chena is alaind cech nderg, LU 3914 ( SCC 43 ). gabhuis Columcille in salm . . . acht cena ni rolegh-som acht aibghiter namá cosin, Lism. L. 823 . a.¤ nammá atáa mí nád n-imthet rí a.¤ cethrur however there is a month when a king goes about accompanied by four only, Críth G. 535 . acht atá ní chena, bar F., is fiach fola ┐ feola dó-som é, TBC-LL¹ 2989 . See also cena. cid (trá) a.¤, cid fil and (trá) a.¤ etc., see trá II(b). a.¤ (mad) énní however, nevertheless, at all events: achtmadh enní, do marbhadh ceithre fir décc [dibh], AFM v 1328.4 . acht aenni, do bitis debtha dermara eturro, Ann. Conn. 1315.4 . acht aen ni . . . bemitt ar aenconair, 1315.8 .

III As subst. ise cuit in achta ann this is the function of the word `acht' in that passage, O'D. 745 (H 3.17 col. 541) (possibly to be referred to 2 acht).

ad-ágathar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-ágathar or dil.ie/255

Forms: -ágathar, ágaid(ir), ad-n-agur, atágur, -agur, ad-agadar, ad-ágethar, adnaigethar, -ágathar, -agether, -agedar, ad-n-aigther, atagamar, -agammar, -agetar, -áigder, águr, áigde, aig-siu, -águmar, -hágam, agatar, ad-againse, ataighin, ar-don-aigtis, atnaicter, -ágara, -áigther, -agither, -aigither, -agathar, ad-āgind, cia dágind, -āghedh, áigthe, aghus, aghais, -ndaigset, -ndáigsind, -agsind, no-aghsainn, munadágsad, adaichfer, adaichfedar, adāigfedur, -aichfetar, -áigfimis, ad-agastar, adaigestar, atrágestar, adraigsemar, adraichsetar, adraigsetar, -aigsetar, ataigh, -áigh, ataigsem, atraigset, aghsatt, áigthiu, áigsiu

v prototonic -ágathar. See GOI §§ 543, 553 . Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 454 . Later as simple vb. ágaid(ir). Indic. pres. 1 s. ad-n-agur sa, Ml. 74d4 . atágur, LU 6154 (TBC). -ágor, Thes. ii 290.5 . -agur, LU 3305 . 3 s. ad-agadar (rel.), Ml. 53c14 . ad-ágethar, BDD² 691 . adnaigethar (atanaaigthar v.l.), IT i 68.9 -ágathar, Wb. 1a3 . -agether, Ml. 129a2 . -agedar, TBC-LL¹ 2032 . Pass. ad-n-aigther, Ml. 27c1 . 1 pl. atagamar, LU 3792 ( SCC 36 ). -agammar, LL 308b40 . 3 pl. -agetar, Ml. 39b14 . Pass. -áigder, Thes. ii 294.15 (or 2 s. act.?). Ipv. 1 s. águr, Ériu i 68 § 6 (see Bergin, Ériu xii 219 ). 2 s. áigde, ib. aig-siu, 70.3 . 1 pl. -águmar, LL 308b17 . -hágam, 308b38 . 3 pl. agatar, Ml. 51d11 . Indic. impf. 1 s. ad-againse, Ml. 63d11 . ataighin, Imr. Brain ii 292.8 (see Celtica v 139 ). 3 pl. ar-don-aigtis, Ériu iii 138.83 . Subj. pres. 2 s. atnaicter, Gael. 50, 139 (= ad-n-áichther, Blathm. 892) . -ágara, LU 3891 ( SCC 40 ). -áigther, 3306 ( 11 ). -agither, 5265 ( TBC-I¹ 789 ). -aigither, IT iii 241.212 . 3 s. -agathar, Ml. 66a2 . Subj. impf. 1 s. ad-āgind, ACL iii 295 § 17 . cia dágind, Imr. Brain i 288.7 . 3 s. -āghedh, ZCP xii 296.28 . Pass. ardott áigthe , LU 5656 (TBC). (cf. áigthi ) With s-subj. ?Pres. 2 s. aghus ([ag]ais, aghais, v.l.), ZCP iii 448.7 . 3 pl. -ndaigset, RC xii 422 § 4 . Impf. 1 s. -ndáigsind, LL 229b21 ( TTr. 915 ). -agsind, Imr. Brain ii 288.8 . no-aghsainn, BS 74.8 (§ 40) . 3 s. munadágsad, ZCP vii 312.2 . Fut. 1 s. adaichfer, Ml. 68c17 . 3 s. (rel.). adaichfedar, Ml. 46c20 . adāigfedur, ZCP iii 449.6 . 3 pl. -aichfetar, Ml. 80b13 . Condit. 1 pl. -áigfimis, BDD² 506 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. ad-agastar, LU 817 . adaigestar, Dinds. 43 (RC xv 434). atrágestar, LL 13587 . 1 pl. adraigsemar, LL 13899 . 3 pl. adraichsetar, Ml. 80d4 . adraigsetar, 124b6 . -aigsetar, 35c4 . Without depon. ending 3 s. ataigh, RC xxvii 300.4 . -áigh, .2. 1 pl. ataigsem, Moling 68 . 3 pl. atraigset, LL 16033 . ro aghsatt , BNnÉ 36.21 .

Vn. áigthiu. Later áigsiu. See áigthech, áigthi .

Fears, dreads, stands in awe of: intí adagadar in Coimdid `he who fears the Lord', Ml. 53c14 . nísnagathar bonum opus ` bonum opus fears them not', Wb. 6a7 . atotágathar dia mbrath / Ailill Aie lía slúagad he fears thee, LU 4707 . ticfa intí tagammar (adaghar v.l. St.) de, TBC-LL¹ 506 . nimmain Andind cia dágind / mád hé Béoin nísnagsind A. will not save me though I fear him, Imr. Brain ii 288.7 . manataigter ind gille `if the servant be not in awe of thee', Mon. Tall. 142.3 . ar cach n-olc itágursa bágursa mac nOengusa, LL 308b24 . aigthi in Coimdid ┐ not aigthife cách, Three Hom. 76.11 . ni agat (.i. ni agatar) monud . . . no gorud frichis ruaid (.i. i llo bratha), LL 364 marg. sup. ataigsetar . . . aní adchonncatar, Immrama 31.179 . bidh ann grisadh co rot-āigther, ACL iii 295 § 26 . aigit (agit v.l.) .i. immeclaigit, Lib. Hymn. i 110 gl. l . aghaim .i. eaglaighim, O'Cl.

Folld. by vn. phrase: adraichsetar digail du thabairt forru, Ml. 80d4 . agur águr iar céin chéin / bith i péin phéin, LU 420 (ACC). atraigsetar (ba heaccal leo, v.l.) C. d'imbirt báis . . . forro, TBC-LL¹ 4276 . atagur . . . urchra forsin caille, Anecd. i 11.27 . ataighin eona uile dom arccuin, Imr. Brain ii 292 § 13 `I used to fear that all the birds would slay me', Celtica v 140 . Folld. by finite clause: air adraigsetar nondabértais iterum in captiuitatem , Ml. 124b6 . atagur min (leg. nin?) tucait (as baoghal lem nach tiubhraid, v.l.) I fear they will not give it, BNnÉ 303 § 12 .

See ad-ais, agar.

ad-cota

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-cota or dil.ie/404
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: incotar, atchotaim, -etaim, (m)atumchotaise, -ētai, atchota, chota-sum, atcotand, -eta, -éta, ad-féad, -ētom, adcotat, -ētat, adcotar, atchotaiter, ad-étar, -etaither, atcotaim, cota, adcot, -etur, -étasa, adcota, -eta, -étam, -étid, -état, -étar, do-d-chotaind, adcotad, (má)'d-chotad, -etis, -etaitis, -etaitis, fétais, adchotatae, adchota, adcotad, -etada, -etfa, atchotfam, -etatham, aracotar, bocotáidfer, -étastar, -etfathar, -étaste, -étatais, adcotadus, adchodadossa, adcotad, adcotade, ad cotedae, adcotada, atcotaidhi, -etade, -étada, do-ēt, rohet, roet, ét, adchotadsam, adcotadsam, asincotasum, -etarsem, atchotatsat, adcotatsat, adcotaiset, docotaiset, -étatsat, -edaisset, -etaiset, -etsat, atchotad, do-etad, -etatha, etaide, ro-ēta, ro-étt, -étad, étaithi, -féta, -heta, -ettus, -fetus, et, éttae

v , (*ad(in)-com-ta-) prot. stem ét- (*in-ta); cf. incotar, O'Dav. 510 . Irregular verb with redupl. future, redupl. s-pret., and without distinction of form between indic. and subj. (except in 1 s.) or between pret. and perf. See GOI (in particular §§ 544 , 680 , 708 ), Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 638 , Études Celt. iii 231-2 . Later fétaid, q.v. IGT Verbs § 60 .

Indic. pres. 1 s. atchotaim, Irish Texts i 8 § 25 . -etaim, LU 6217 . 2 s. (m)atumchotaise, LU 10872 (TE2, Ériu xii 182 ). -ētai, Sc.M² 14 . 3 s. atchota, LU 10267 . ? ba chota-sum , CRR 54.10 (`he obtained'). atcotand, PH 4949 . -eta, Ériu vii 144.3 . -éta, RC xxvii 298.8 . Cf. ad-féad, DDána 23.32 . 1 pl. -ētom, TBC-I¹ 1235 ( LU 5709 ). 3 pl. adcotat, Wb. 6a6 . -ētat, Arch. Hib. ii 58 § 1 . pass. adcotar, Ml. 92b9 . atchotaiter (pl.), Rawl. 80a36 ( ZCP i 497.24 ), ? ad-étar, BDD² 573 (see notes). -etar, Ml. 126b19 . -etaither, Laws v 184 n. 1 . With -ro- (or change of preverb?) arcotaim, LU 10258 = atcotaim, ZCP iii 234 § 18 . ar cota , O'Curry 440 (H. 3. 18, 237a).

Subj. pres. 1 s. adcot, Ml. 60c6, 92a17 . -etur, TBC-LL¹ 155 ( Ériu xiv 88 ). 2 s. -étasa, TBFr. 164 . 3 s. adcota, Ml. 20a13 . -eta, 32d15 . 1 pl. -étam, Ériu iii 108 § 51 . 2 pl. -étid, Wb. 22d 20 . 3 pl. -état, Wb. 31b18 . pass. -étar, Ardm. 17a2 ( Thes. ii 239.3 ). Subj. impf. 1 s. do-d-chotaind(?), Ériu xii 184.8 (TE2). 3 s. adcotad, Ml. 39c5 . (má)'d-chotad, BDD² 32 . 3 pl. -etis, Ml. 107c12 (? leg. -etaitis, note). -etaitis, 130b6 . ? fétais, LU 4065 . pass. adchotatae, Ml. 100c23 . ? adchota, LU 5832 = adcotad, TBC-I¹ 1360 (for O. Ir. adcotae, note).

Fut. 3 s. -etada, Ml. 129b5 . -etfa, RC xliii 56 § 57 . 1 pl. atchotfam (rel.), RC xiii 375.9 . -etatham, Cambr. 38a ( Thes. ii 247.23 ). On the future forms see Hull, ZCP xxix 175 - 6 . pass. ? aracotar, Ml. 118d10 (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 638 , Études Celt. xl 78 ). ? bocotáidfer, TBC-LL¹ 3749 (1 s. with depon. ending, Ériu xiv 52 ). -étastar, Trip.² 1362 . -etfathar, AFM i 478.12 . Condit. pass. s. -étaste, Ml. 43d20 . pl. -étatais, Ml. 124d9 .

Pret. 1 s. adcotadus, Ml. 44c18 . adchodadossa (rel.), Wb. 7a16 . 3 s. adcotad, Ml. 43d24 . adcotade (sic leg.?), 89c1 . ad cotedae, Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 240.23 ). adcotada, AU 869 (i 382.5) . ? atcotaidhi, Auraic. 133 . -etade, Ml. 111b20 . -étada, Sg. 50a3 . do-ēt, Ériu ii 50 § 7 . Cf. rohet, SR 1058 . roet, 7510 . níros ét , Trip.² 2663 (cf. fétaid (but see Celtica xviii 52 )). 1 pl. adchotadsam (rel.), Ml. 92c5 . adcotadsam, Tur. 97 . asincotasum (with inf. pron.), Anecd. i 41.12 . -etarsem, ii 57.12 . 3 pl. atchotatsat (with inf. pron.), Ml. 54a9 . adcotatsat, 67b10 . adcotaiset, ACL iii 18.7 . Trip.² 719 . docotaiset, Trip. ii 647 . -étatsat, Ml. 57a3 . -edaisset, RC xvii 29.18 . -etaiset, AFM i 122.z . -etsat, Ann. Conn. 1230.3 (cf. fétaid). Pass. atchotad, LU 5711 ( TBC-I¹ 1236 ). do-etad, Laws i 66.6 Comm. -etatha, Anecd. iii 61.4 . etaide, PH 8041 . ro-ēta, Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 36 . ro-étt, Hugh Roe 2.11 . -étad, IT i 74.17 . étaithi, Ériu xi 43.23 . -féta, TBC-I¹ 1583 . -heta, Hugh Roe 152.5 . at-chotas, Ériu xxxv 72 § 4 , cf. KZ xxviii 350ff , GOI § 708 . -ettus, IT iii 239.131 . -fetus, Ériu v 28.5 .

Verbal of necess. ? et, LL 246a6 . Part. éttae. Vn. 2 ét (cf. étáil?).

I

(a) gets, obtains, procures: intan adcotat aní adchobrat, Ml. 87c3a . nā tīachar secha co rētar fer rolaa id samlaid, TBC-I¹ 255 ( LU 4740 ). nech guides banscal ┐ nisneta, Ériu vii 144.3 . fer conae deis nathar . . . amail atcota riam `in the same condition that he found it before him', Laws iv 348.2 . atcotai soc[h]ell saidbres (gnomic formula), Anecd. iii 10.16 (Briathra Flainn Fína maic Ossu). atcota bith bronnud, ZCP vii 297.z . adcoda lubhra luinne, O'Cl. (lubhra). in fail naill adcota dam? which thou obtainest for me, Lat. Lives 35.15 . etá dam . . . cid bia (leg. lá) conaidchi ittrib féin is due to me (verbal of necess.), LL 246a6 . With prep. introducing person from whom something is obtained: atchotatsat fordia `they obtained it from God', Ml. 54a9 . pret. (perf). perh. in sense has (lit. has got, see Études Celt. iii 231 - 2 ): amal adidchotatsat as they have (obtained) it, Sg. 50a3 . ní conétada . . . rainn, Sg. 188a4 . coic thintuda . . . / atchotaiter for salmu there are five translations of the psalms, Rawl. 80a36 ( ZCP i 497.24 ). Note also: ` adchoda' dlighedh dleaghair, Metr. Gl. 26 § 30 . adcoda .i. rotectad nó rodamud, Stowe Gl. 5 .

(b) Of an action, concession, permission, etc. : ní ḟétas guth asa chind he could not be prevailed upon to speak, BDD² 886 . mani éta nech a ḟrepaid if no cure is available to a person, Críth G. 59 . nār étar do brath may you not be betrayed, KMMisc. 264.15 . conad feta ni dib so that nothing could be done with them (of cattle), Dinds. 142 ( RC xvi 153 ). B . . . . / 'sē do-ēt comrainn i cū[ic] discovered (invented) (of a fivefold division of Munster), Ériu ii 50 § 7 . With prep. introducing person from whom the action is obtained: ni hētar forsin trēnfir comracc frim the warrior cannot be got to fight me, TBC-I¹ 1287 ( LU 5758 ). dochostis itir a tobor ┐ sliab acht nād ētad ō Meidb but that they could not get leave from M., 894 ( LU 5370 ). ni hetus h-uaim fess ri fer díb, IT i 120.21 . ni hetas on righ acht a bas, Lism. L. 1397 . ro guid Brenaind beus. Ní etus úaide, Irish Texts i 18 § 54 .

II Hence is able, can (cf. fétaid): forcraid a chethra[e] . . . nád éta [do] reicc ar thír which he cannot sell for land, Críth G. 251 . nī ētaim . . . techt sech nechdar in dā roth, TBC-I¹ 700 ( LU 5180 ). dena gen go heda do although you cannot(?), Triads 113 v.l. Cf. ní is n-etfaitis ethra no boats could overtake it (a monster), Lism. L. 2227 .

ad-gnin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-gnin or dil.ie/463
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: -athgniniu, adgniatt, -aithgnintar, -aithnentar, atgnied, -aithgnead, conatcomgeontais, -athgneorsae, -aithgné, -aithgnet, atgnead, adgneth, asaithgned, atagensa, -aithgéna, atatgentar-su, -athgnitae, adgén-sa, -athgén, -aithchéin, -aithgein, ad-geúin, ad-id-geúin, -aithgeuin, -aithgiuin, atgeóin, aithgeóin, adgenammar, adrogenmair, -orgenamar, -aithgenamar, -athgénmár, atgenatar, -athgéntar, atgensat, aichensat, aithgensat, aithgeonadh, aithne, ætgnithi

v (* ath-gni-n-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 546 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. -athgniniu, Liad. and Cuir. 16.4 . 3 pl. adgniatt, O'Dav. 156 . Pass. sg. -aithgnintar, Sg. 29b10 . -aithnentar, Triads 188 v.l. . Indic. impf. 3 s. atgnied, ZCP vii 300.11 . -aithgnead, LU 5921 (TBC). Cf. 3 pl. conatcomgeontais `so that they knew not', CCath. 4777 , cf. 4800 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. -athgneorsae, BDC 126.354 . 3 s. -aithgné , LU 5870 (TBC). 3 pl. -aithgnet, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . Subj. impf. 3 s. atgnead, LU 10323 . adgneth, O'Curry 2165 ( Eg. 88, fo. 4(5)d) . With inf. pron. in rel. clause asaithgned, LU 8384 ( FB § 25 ).

Fut. 1 s. atagensa, Ériu xii 186 § 18 (TE2). 3 s. -aithgéna Liad. and Cuir. 22.4 . Pass. sg. atatgentar-su, Ml. 121d22 . Condit. 2 s. -athgnitae, IT i 144.21 .

Pret. and perf. (in early lang. frequ. with meaning of present) 1 s. adgén-sa, Wb. 12c13 . -athgén, LL 274b32 . 2 s. -aithchéin, TBFr. 206 . -aithgein, RC iii 345.25 . 3 s. ad-geúin: ad-id-geúin, Wb. 12c13 . -aithgeuin, Ml. 52 . -aithgiuin, Ériu ix 48 § 26 . atgeóin, Metr. Dinds. iii 224.11 . ro aithgeóin , Ériu iv 94 § 11 . 1 pl. adgenammar, Wb. 14d28 . adrogenmair, O'Curry 1887 (23 P 3, fo. 22a). Cf. also -orgenamar, CRR 17 , 33 ? -aithgenamar, RC xiii 222.33 . -athgénmár, LU 10800 . 3 pl. atgenatar, Ériu ii 102 § 10 . LU 8384 ( FB § 25 ). -athgéntar, RC xxv 348 § 3 . With s-pret.: atgensat, AFM vi 2214.11 . ro aichensat , CCath. 5558 . ro aithgensat , 5560 . ? Pass. sg. aithgeonadh, SG 121.33 .

Later as simple vb., see 2 aithnid.

Vn. aithne. Part. (pl.) ætgnithi (corrected from angnithi), Wb. 1b14 . See also as-gnin.

See con-gnin.

(a) knows, recognises: air nicon bia-som manibé aní hua n-aithgnintar ┐ hua n-ainmnigther, Sg. 29b10 . atatgentarsu gl. cognosceris, Ml. 121d22 . ni naithgeuin ┐ leicsi huad `he did not recognise him', 52 . ni rabi la Ultu fer asaithgned amal ro salchad, conid i n-a labrad atgenatar there was not . . . anyone who recognised him . . . so that it was by his speech that they recognised him, LU 8384 ( FB § 25 ). ecmaic atgeoin-sium for erlabrai ind fir co mbo druth he knew by the man's speech, LU 5874 (TBC). atgéoin ba doib forruised in praind, 1715 . aithgin a athair and ornasc imma meor, his father recognised . . . the gold ring, RC xii 72 § 44 . Pret. frequ. used with pres. meaning: adgenammar a séis `we know his meaning', Wb. 14d28 . a mbelra-sa no labraimsi . . . atgenatarside they know it, Ériu ii 102 § 10 . ? nis fuighli nad ergeouin, Laws i 296.20 . atatgen, is tú rommalt I know thee, it is thou who fostered me, SR 2887 . atgénammár asa samail in fer sin we recognise, LU 8605 ( FB 46 ). aithgén ar a mbernaib beit mairt ili, LU 6623 (TBC rhet.). atgeon-sa isat filid, MR 68.3 .

(b) perceives, is aware of: ataat tri laa . . . o atam-ni ic imbirt na fidchille acht nat aic[h]enmar lasin mbansoillsi, TBFr. p. 18.10 . atgniat na Gaill gur bhó celg rohinnledh, Hugh Roe 84.17 (fo. 22b) . atngneadh i n-aghad hin duine in galur no-m-bid fair atgnied . . . al-lín no-mbid conn galur ann (of a physician), RC iii 344.11 . roaithgeóin (conaithgéoin, v.l.) smacht féig fíadnach he experienced keen well-known discipline(?), Ériu iv 94 § 11 . Of knowing sexually: nír forfáemusa mnaí atgnead fer, LU 10323 .

adlaic

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adlaic or dil.ie/479

Forms: ad(a)ilc, a(i)l(l)ic, álic

adj i. Also ad(a)ilc, a(i)l(l)ic, álic. desirable, agreeable; needful: tuä intan bas n-a.¤ `silence when it is necessary', Ériu ii 64 § 4 . gach aidhme ba hadhailg ind eallma las an luing everything that was necessary, Hugh Roe 6.13 (fo. 1b) . buí idh . . . fri a tarraing chuca . . . an tan badh adhlaic, AFM vi 1898.6 . In attrib. use: a dlighedh adhluig, Laws i 254.20 Comm. (etymol. gloss on adilce. Cf. a dliged aidalic glossing aidilgne, iii 40.28, 42.12 Comm. ). ollamuin aidilge, O'D. 2215 (Nero A vii 148a) = ollamuin aidhilgne, ib. traighlethan adluigh dealbh[dh]a / Rathbuidhe tuir thrénTemhra, Geneal. Tracts i 17.9 . In phrases is a.¤ DO, LA: cid is ailicc dúib húam `what do ye desire from me?', Ériu iv 140.5 . robo a.¤ dó a aithi do P. aní dorigne fria fer comtha, Trip.² 541 . sec[h]ip rēt bas maith lasin filid ┐ bas a.¤ dó d'foillsiugad, Corm. Y 756 . ( bud á.¤ , Corm. 25.27 ). Fand ic dul la Manannán mac Lir ar nocorb álic duitsiu hí because she is not pleasing to you, LU 4020 ( SCC § 47 ). masat seoit rig . . . ad (adat, ata, v.ll.) adhailge (aidilci v.l.) daib, Anecd. ii 53.3 . nach nī is a.¤ ┐ is laind la duine, Corm. Y 1201 . masa a.¤ lib chena, LU 1566 . déna . . . amal as a.¤ let fessin, 8831 ( FB § 62 ).

Compar. alcu dún (ba cora duinne v.l.) fuligud ┐ fordergad for nech we prefer, LL 8073 (TBC). áillcge dit inda midól / . . . / tú it luing . . ., Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912 xxv 439 § 9 ( LL 369 marg. inf. ). bes ailciu arailiu, Laws iii 42.12 Comm.

n As subst. desire, necessity; necessary thing: donrimmart gorta . . . / . . . / fri ar n-a.¤ uaig . . . to supply all our need, SR 3487 . dénad a.¤ (adoilcc v.l.) cech lobair `the need of every sick person` (rule for religious life), Ériu iii 96 § 2 . nícon ticfa ri moín no a.¤ . . . in sét connegar and (nicontarrtar fri main na torad(h) na a.¤ v.l.) by wish or desire, TBFr. 308 . aire ard oll airbrech ernes cach nolla.¤ / do buidnib balc Banba who grantest every large desire, Bruchst. i 24.7 ( IT iii 57.5 ). adhailg (aid(a)ilc v.ll.) fir urgnama .i. coire i.e. a cauldron is a necessity for a man who prepares food, Anecd.. ii 52.8 . ic imluadh a n-adhelge . . . ┐ a n-arm catha moving what was necessary for them, CCath. 4644 . a ffurtain do bhiúdh ┐ da gach naidhilcc aca, AFM v 1496.10 . = adhailcce, 1550.11 . ?róimh aoibhinn ar n-adhlaicne (: aicme), Studies 1920, 566 § 4 (perh. form of adailcne, see aidilccne). adhailg .i. mian, O'Cl. aidilg .i. mian .i. dliged, O'Curry 1970 (H. 4. 22, p. 15). = aidilg .i. main dligid, 569 (H 3.18, 284). In pejorative sense, demand(?), improper desire(?): con innisenn dó cen len / adlaice macc n-Israhél, SR 4608 = adlaice ┐ indliged mac nI., LB 122a36 . adlaici ┐ eccora inndligeda mac nI., BB 243a10 . ní hadlicgi álsidi / a ḟasnís do ócaib Ulad (ni hadlaic ailseda, St.) it is not a necessity of shame(?), TBC-LL¹ 4768 ( LL 11488 ).

ad-treba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-treba or dil.ie/589
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: atreba, attreba, -atreba, -atrabhai, atrebat, atrebthar, -roaitreba, atrebom, ro-atrebam, atrefea, ad-id-trefea, -roatrebatt, -aittrebtha, adrothreb, rosaitrebsad, attrab, aittrebad, aittrebaid

v (*ad-treb-) Indic. pres. 3 s. atreba, Wb. 16a17 ; Sg. 33a6 . attreba, Ml. 51d28 . -atreba, Wb. 27d26 . ?rel. -atrabhai, Ériu ii 98 § 1 . 3 pl. atrebat, Sg. 198a23 . Pass. sg. atrebthar, Sg. 198a19 . Subj. pres. 3 s. -roaitreba, Wb. 6b3 . 1 pl. atrebom, LU 4400 . ro-atrebam , Trip.² 3121 . Fut. 3 s. atrefea, Wb. 30b18 ; Ml. 107a15 . atrebea, Ml. 35 b 24 , Ériu xxix 20 . With inf. pron. ad-id-trefea, ib. 3 pl. -roatrebatt, BColm. 78.9 . Condit. pass. sg. -aittrebtha, Trip.² 2267 . Perf. 3 s. adrothreb, Wb. 27a12 ; BB 316a30 . 3 pl. rosaitrebsad (= -t), RC xvii 29.32 . Vn. attrab, aittrebad. Cf. ad-aittreba. Later as simple verb aittrebaid.

(a) inhabits, dwells in (with prep. I N- or accus.): is oendia atreba indib, Wb. 16a17 . is hé loc inatreba, 27d26 . dús cia atrebea isin chathraig, Ml. 35b24 . sund romaltsa . . . ┐ atrebom sund let us abide here, LU 4400 . ro rádi P. nád aittrebtha in dún, Trip.² 2267 . ní aitreba a tīr so co brāth, Ériu iii 140 . 182 . múinter romín . . . attrebus in catraig sin, IT i 177.23 ( FA § 12 LB) = is iat attrebait in c., LU 2042 . ro-aittrebam isna hinata sin, PH 756 . in teglach inar aittrebais, 8198 . na cineda atrebait im sruth Ailp, CCath. 1542 .

(b) possesses (with accus.): amal attreba nech á orbe saindiles is samlid adrothreb dia maccu israhel, Ml. 51d28 . aní atreba leis (gl. in posesione), `that which he possesses', Sg. 33a1 . airindi atreba æsorcuin (gl. fiunt igitur possessiua uel a nominibus, ut Caesar Caesareus) `because he possesses destruction', 3 . airindi atreba leiss adrad martis (gl. Martius) `because he possesses the worship of Mars', a4 . sanctáir: arindí atreba rétu nóiba and (gl. sacrarium) `because it possesses holy things therein', 6 . innani atrebat gl. possessorum, 198a23 . doadbat són a cenél atreba a n-atrab atrebthar (atrebtar MS.) and (gl. genera etiam possessorum demonstratio ostendit) `that shows the gender which the possession that is possessed possesses', 24 . co n-atrab cach miad, RC xx 50.23 (ACC). na fes cissi dealb n-atrabhai nach rēt do neoch atcither isin bith `the shape that aught visible in the world possesses', Ériu ii 98 § 1 . trocaire De . . . ro-hisumm uli, ro-s-airillem, ro-s-aittrebam, PH 1446 .

áeraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áeraid or dil.ie/639

Forms: áerad, áertha

v (áer): ce nonmolid ce nonairid `whether ye blame us' (gl. per gloriam et ignobilitatem), Wb. 16a1 . satirizes, lampoons: nir' áerad lia muintir / Cenn-faelad abb Bennchuir, Fél. Apr. 8 . cein mair molthiar . mairg áerthiar Áed, LU 355 (ACC). mairg in íath ecnairc airthíar, 357 . ni romaerad-sa . . . riam i cinaid mo drochthidnacuil, RC iii 178.8 . asbert in fili nod naírfed dia áithgiud ┐ no áerfad a athair. . ., LU 10947 . ba dībech in rī frisna filedu: ranaersat co tarla teora bolga corcra for a grūaid, ZCP vii 300.17 . ( Ériu xiii 46 ). diabul n-eirce feib aighthe aertar, Laws v 228 x . ni aora, ní áorthar munab tar toirgsin ngill día ghruaidhe gris, Ériu xiii 17.18 . fili .i. fī a n-aoras ┐ lī a mmolas . . ., Corm. Y 600 = filidh .i. ani ærais, Auraic. 669 ; ani aorus, 3308 . nus-oerub ┐ nus-anfialub, RC xii 90 § 115 . no āerad ┐ no molad cach, MacCongl. 9.3 . ro aorsat iaramh muintir Uiginn, AFM iv 818.6 .

Vn. áerad. Part. áertha, Tec. Corm. § 7.16 . IGT Verbs § 80 .

áin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áin or dil.ie/1161

Forms: áine

ā, f. and i, f. see GOI § 736 . Also áine. Vn. of aigid.

(a) act of driving (animals etc.): cuic seoit a n-ain (.i. inund .i. ind) ┐ a tain (.i. imach .i. as), Laws iv 156.20 ; 158.7 Comm. ni haclaide ain bo do tarb, 156.21 . [ d]ilmuine ana aiges, ii 72.8 . i ndeguidh na hana, 13 Comm. atait secht n-imana . . . na tuillit fiacha . . . ain bo a fer, etc., v 136.6 . fothla ┐ tothla ┐ an ┐ airgsiu (species of `duinecaithe' or man-trespass ), iv 98.18 Comm. andilsi do flaithib fothla tothla an tan aircsiu, ZCP xii 366.16 ( H 3.18, 7b ) = án tán `driving in, driving out', PRIA xxxvi (1921-4) 310.71 . á .i. táin. O'Cl.

(b) Of games: in tan ba há.¤ phuill dognitis when they were driving (balls) into a hole, LU 4985 . oc āin līathrōidi, TBC-I¹ 495 . oc aine (áni LU) līathrōidi, TBC-I¹ 428 . a lorg āne, 381 = l. ána, 390 . bai seom . . . oc aine feacht ann, YBL 181a24 . iar n-áine faebur `play of blades', Metr. Dinds. iv 330.14 . ? ba hathlamh áine im úaga, i 6.8 . Of racing horses: ōenach .i. āine ech, Corm. Y 1002 . ōen nde blaī āne ech n-oenaig, ZCP xi 93 § 28 . Of holding a fair: ní cumhaing aenach do á.¤ , AFM ii 594.y (cf. 1 aige).

Note also: an mac [bāid] robói / nói mīsaib im āin (: bāin) `in my womb', BColm. 16.22 .

1 áine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 áine or dil.ie/1261

Forms: Áne, nÁne

n [, f.] (án. See Vendr. Lex.)

(a) brightness, glow, radiance: áne thened, Thes. ii 355.26 . áne in teined, Ériu ii 134 § 114 . di etrachtu ┐ ane ┐ soilse a gnuisi, 142 § 152 .

(b) brilliance, wit: Aed oll fri andud nane `Aed great at kindling of brilliance', Thes. ii 295 § 1 . ar aíne a forcedail, Laws iv 356.4 . ar gaís ar á.¤ ar amainse ar chirt, LU 10299 . for mac n-á.¤ eras céille adnad fír, SG 253.28 . Perh. also: áne la dóer, ecna la dodelb, Triads 84 .i. saidhbrios (as if = anae) ag daor neimhnidh, p. 38 . aine .i. ái án no aoi án .i. ealadha mhaith no fios maith, O'Cl.

(c) splendour, glory, fame: arrochiúir a n-á.¤ `their splendour has perished', Fél. Prol. 67 . ar adbud ar áni atronnai . . . .i. ara ainmni ┐ ara áini . . . nó ar adbchlos ┐ ar áini, LU 1132 ( ACC 121 ). is mór a á.¤ in Chassan sin hi fertaib, Trip.² 830 . at banlendan . . . ar do á.¤ ┐ t'urdarcus, LU 8237 ( FB § 18 ). ba comadhais dó ar . . . á.¤ ┐ oitidh ┐ aerdarcus, Ériu xii 164.4 (TE2). ar ḟebas a ṅgascid, ar a n-ani , LL 217b49 ( TTr. 68 ). beandacht orda[i]n, beandacht ā.¤ foraib uili, ZCP viii 560.9 . In bad sense pomp, vainglory: cen úaill n-úabair, cen áni `without pomp', Ériu iii 96 § 4 . ní hane fodruair (.i. ni forbas fodera a denum), Fél. Ep. 97 . Cf. O'Dav. 73 . beauty: díar gáet Luchet co n-áni (: Dáiri), LU 3180 . ba bind mo chocert áni / eter andrib co n-álli, 1303 . a há.¤, a himdercadh, a gart `her beauty' (of Ireland), Ériu iv 146.11 . eagna, ōghdhacht is á.¤ , O'R. Poems 3179 . delight: a mo aine gl. o . . . meum sabium (leg. sauium), Sg. 204b2 . is adbar á.¤ do t'eascairdib `cause of delight', MR 294.8 . aine .i. áineas, O'Cl.

(d) play, sport, amusement: co facaid na cuiléna oc á.¤ , SG 254.15 . ferr lubair āine work is better than play, Anecd. iii 18.20 . airiasacht ar aíne fir anfine ac na bi uiriasacht fir cota . . . [.i.] dul do neoch ar ainechas fein `for his amusement . . . for sport', Laws iii 424.5 , 11 Comm. ; aine .i. aibnes (quoting prec. ex.), O'Dav. 108 (`delight, ut est, if there be a consent for pleasure'). ní bhfuaradar uadh á.¤ nó aoibhneas, ITS xxiv 18.18 .

Note also: iar n-áne iar n-imḟorráin contest, fight (?), LL 15943 (or to be referred to áin ?).

(e) swiftness: ara deni ┐ ara ani in charpait, LU 10179 . aine .i. lúas no déine, O'Cl.

Of one of the grades of bard: bard aine in tochtmhadh bard ┐ ni fil dan laisidhe, IT iii 5.10 v.l.

As n.pr. Áne, LL 3318 . See also O'Rahilly, EIHM p. 288 f. In n.loc. Belach nÁne , LU 5217 .

Cf. áinius.

ainéimigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainéimigid or dil.ie/1286

v (ainéim): ni renar nach ainim do-lece domaine i trebad .i. nocho reachta do neoch dib o c[h]eile ani aineimiges (aneimighis v.l.) ina trebad curu[b] dimainech which is unsuitable for his economy(?) (etymol. gloss), Stud. in E. Ir. Law 25.24 .

ainmmnigidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainmmnigidir or dil.ie/1476

Forms: ainmmnigud

v (ainmm) names: os cech anmimm ainmnigther, Wb. 21a4 . amal rombói ingnae cáich is samlid rosnainmnigestar, Ml. 26b8 . no-ainmnigtis, Thes. ii 32.29 . Mag Léna canas ro-hainmniged, Sc.M² § 23 . tír Omna Snitheni ainmnigthir, Trip.² 891 . ainmnigestár cach fer fó leith cona anmaim diles fein, LU 1811 . ro anmnig sluagad iarsin / go Lagnib dia laechmuntir ordered(?), LL 375a51 . a.¤ DI names from, etc.: de rét ailiu roainmnichthe, Sg. 31a5 . rosanmnig dia n-anmannaib gave them their names, SR 272 . is din chéol . . . ainmnigther a triur, TBFr. 112 . a leabhráin ainmnighthear d'Aodh `o little book that bearest Aodh's name', Studies 1919, 438.1 . a.¤ ó names from, calls by: aní . . . hua n-ainmnigther (-ter, MS), Sg. 29b10 . ní techta sain intṡliucht and feissin hua n-ainmmnigthae, 50a2 . aní hua n-ainmnichfide, 30a1 . is indí rondainmnigestar dia hond anmim asberr (sic leg.) iesus `God called Him by the name', Ml. 17b9 . is o antuib ainmnigther athgabail gach cintuigh, Laws ii 100.21 Comm. a.¤ DO assigns to: cach mac beó athar na hainmni[g]ther gradh [dó], O'Curry 2139 ( Eg. 88 fo. 1(2)c ). amal ainmnigthir do cach as is appointed to each, YBL 408b41 . ro ainmnigh airdrigi Erenn do Donnchad he conferred the highkingship on D., Snedg. u. Mac R 31.4 . edir na tuathaibh da n-ainmnighionn an duain iad `to which the poem ascribes them', Geneal. Tracts 85.13 . a.¤ x ar y attributes x to y: a ghníomh oraibh na hainmnigh, Content. iv 62 . ar C. ainmnighther sin, MR 250.11 .

Vn. ainmmnigud.

airbert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airbert or dil.ie/1622

Forms: oirbeart, -irt, -ta, oirbhirt, -e, -a

n f. Inflected partly as i- partly as a-stem, see GOI p. 449 . Later also m. oirbeart (g s. and n p. -irt, -ta) m., IGT Decl. § 25 . oirbhirt (g s. and n p. -e, -a) f. § 42 . Vn. of ar-beir. IGT Verbs § 83 .

(a) act of using, employing, exercising, practising: epscop dobeir ūasalgráda for nech nā bī tūalaing [a] n-airberta eter chrābud ┐ léigend ( i c. ┐ l., LB 11b46 ), Ériu i 218 § 3 . a.¤ bansgál i n-orgain using women in warfare, Cáin Ad. § 52 . In phrase a.¤ gaiscid: robai C. oc a.¤ (airimbert v.l.) gaiscid hi tuaimim a scēith, TBC-I¹ 1507 . combu thúalaing airbirt gascid, LU 1668 . in tan ro scáig do chách a.¤ a gaiscid, BDD² 1090 .

(b) Hence without qualifying word heroic deed, exploit: intan is mac bec dogní in a.¤ ucut who performs that feat of arms, Ériu i 114 § 3 . Alb na na.¤ , LL 21620 . ro molsat uili maithi na Tr. in oirbert ro triallsat praised the undertaking, Aen. 2087 . do ronsat airbirt tenn treorach attempt, Acall. 3408 . gibé oirbheart do-né neach / ní hoirdhearc é gan eineach `whatever exploit one may do', Studies 1924, 244 § 25 . minic do-rinnis-si . . . oirbheart nā budh nār do neach, O'R. Poems 415 . prowess. valour, courage: a uaisle a oirbheart . . . ag díon clú coróna Saghsan, Aithd. D. 25.17 . an t-Alaxandar . . . tanaiste . . . ar oirbert, Cog. 204.6 . gebtaitt . . . cuicced Ulad re nerbert `by prowess', Fen. 276.16 . imarbaidh einigh ┐ engnamha ┐ oirbearta na h-Erenn . . . d'imradh, MR 94.19 . fer co n-a.¤ , SG 18.33 . an tan ráinig Irial san ríoghacht ┐ doghabh oirbheart ┐ arrachtas ré a ais, Keat. ii 1829 . a.¤ .i. treoir, O'Cl.

(c) Of labour in general exertion, effort: roimigh A. lé oirbert féin `by his own effort', Ériu iii 166 § 22 . acht do rachad rea oirbert fein ina tir duthchais, Ann. Conn. 1315.9 . ni ar a n-a.¤ fein tangatar they did not come of their own will, O'Curry 2536 ( Eg. 88, 44(45)d ). oirbert no imram do denam, CF 57 . tús oirbheart ann mar do éirigh when He began to do things (of Christ), Aithd. D. 77.1 . do-ghéan uime mh'oirbheirt féin I will take my own measures about it, DDána 101.28 . Of making preparation: dēna fēin t'a.¤ colēic (of one being banished), Ériu iii 154 § 8 . In phrase a.¤ catha war equipment (cf. airmert): niba hannsa . . . gabail na nelipint sea fria hairbirt catha sin with that(?) war gear, BB 496a24 (IT ii2 101.) ro gabad . . . airberta in catha, Alex. 575 .

(d) act of practising law, pleading: tar a.¤ faesma in spite of protection being pleaded, Laws i 100.8 Comm. ni tathbongar a.¤ la aneolus, O'Curry 418 ( H 3.18, p. 229b ). dia ndernut serbus oc airbiurt, Laws i 296.4 Comm. recht nairberta .i. cin roairde cin roisli, O'Curry 2280 ( Eg. 88 fo. 21(22)a ). cin astad nairberta, O'Curry 813 ( H 3.18, 375b ). astad airberta ┐ a.¤ aoi iarna hastad, O'D. 560 ( H 3.17, c. 439 ). a ha.¤ feichemnais ┐ breithemnais, Laws iii 90.13 Comm. gan airbhert n-imṡena, Ériu xiii 27.29 ( O'Dav. 161 ). tri cumtaig gáisse . . . dagaigni do airbirt, Triads 178 . aigni airberta (special type of pleader), Ir. Recht 46.x . In phrase bérla n-airberta language of pleading(?): cloch, trī anmann lé .i. onn a īarmbērla, cloch a gnāthbērla, cloech a bērla n-airberta ar inní chlōes cach raod, Corm. Y 213 (or in meaning (e)?).

(e) import, use, application of words: bunad ┐ inde ┐ a.¤ conagar don focul is senchus, Laws i 30.y Comm. eitged . . . a a.¤ .i. a eipert fir ani nach [follus .i.] scoth is in focul [budein], co fagabar and trena tur, iii 90.16 Comm. insci .i. scientia (.i. ecna) a bunadh Laitne. Scothenga a a.¤ , Auraic. 571 . fid fundamentum a bunad Laitne fo edh a hinni fotha no fid ae a a.¤ , 763 . atat da aithfeghad for imchomarc .i. imchomarc iar n-inni thoirni ┐ imchomarc iar n-airbhirt nanairbirenn bith, 1895 . airbheart .i. tuigsi no ciall, O'Cl. cumgi airberta (of women), LL 344d34 . Note also: a.¤ .i. aircetal, ut est a.¤ cin [cil-]ceill .i. do denum cen claon ceille, O'Dav. 49 .

(f) In phrase a.¤ biuth (bith) (d s. of 1 bith world, see GOI p. 162 ) act of using, enjoying: a.¤ biuth comlabrae gl. bonorum ussu `the use of speech', Ml. 59a10 . ind erbert biuth gl. ut ipsarum rerum possit illis manere certa profussio uel functio, 68b14 . Esp. of food: ba ṅdílmain dossom a.¤ biuth di thorud a precepte, Wb. 10d14 . cid tol dó a.¤ biuth inna túare, 11b18 . rann aile do airbirt bith doibsom `another part to be eaten by them', 10d18 . oc airbirt biuth coirp Crist, 11b14 . do erbeirt biuth gl. esui, Ml. 20d1 . ind erbert biuth, 61c9 . ar a.¤ bith don crann urgartha . . . .i. ar na.¤ do roinne da bethughadh im chaithem thora[idh] in crainn, O'Curry 1750 ( 23 Q 6, 33 b ). edam .i. airbirt bith .i. edo , Corm. Y 518 . Hence of sustenance, food-supplies: riagail im aon airbirt bith o noin do noin one meal, Laws iii 14.21 Comm. an ccuimge a rabattar d'esbaidh airberta bith, AFM vi 2252.3 . tria aidilge airberta bith do beith for an mbárda in consequence of the warders' needing food, 2140.15 . do cuingheadh . . . airberta bith uirfheóla, Hugh Roe 272.10 (fo. 72a) . ag goid bhar nathardha ┐ bhar nairbherta bith foraibh, 208.26 (fo. 55b) . Note also: cid saill, cid feoil a a.¤ `whether his repast be . . .', Ériu iii 104 § 34 .

Later also use, custom, habit, mode of life: is ar chol dorímther leo dún ar n-a.¤ bith ┐ ar fógnam do dúilib dé, Alex. 925 . fogníatt dia na.¤ bioth ┐ bestatadh, Hugh Roe 178.y (fo. 48a ). ar deismirecht a betha inmedhonaigh, ┐ a a.¤ bith cach laithi, BNnÉ 19 § 42 . airbheart bith .i. beatha, O'Cl. aen airbeirt bith gl. catholicus, O'Curry 91 ( H 3.18, 66 ).

aithairec

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithairec or dil.ie/2548

n ( airec, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 552 ) argument: a.¤ nó thaidbsiu gl. argumentum, Ml. 42b9 . inna aithirciu gl. argumenta, 31a21 . cid ani is airgomanti . . . acute mentis inuentum [.i.] airecc menman aith . . . no aithairecc, Hib. Min. 8.253 . immarcraid . . . d'athairgib, do foclaib ┐ d'analaib do tabairt for aird, O'Curry 1909 ( RIA 23 P 3, 23(21)d ). athairec aile gl. considerate, RC viii 367.27 . samailter na athairci si frisin file, O'Dav. 844 . ? co na cechlaphair-si etir athairic ona conaibh, Anecd. ii 62.18 . Cf. atharc.

1 aithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithe or dil.ie/2602

Forms: aithi, aithi, aithi

vn. of ad-fen. a.¤ n-imrime, Cóic Con. 47 § 84 . a s. always aithi in Wb. (unless the obscure cenathe, Wb. 18a25 , contains this word); n s. aithi, Sg. 111b3 , Thes. ii 227.21 , Trip.² 541 . See GOI § 725 . aithi f., IGT Decl. § 3 .

(a) Act of requiting; requital, recompense; payment, quid pro quo: ní ar lóg na aithi pridchimmi soscéle, Wb. 14c8 , 9 ; 15b11 ; 24d1 . precept soscéli cen lóg cen aithi, 14c10 . aithi gl. foenus, Sg. 111b3 . aithi usura, Thes. ii 227.21 . aithi .i. cum[m]ain, ut est cach rath co n-aithi .i. biadh ┐ manchuine, O'Dav. 168 . caite a.¤ .i. log meich, Laws iii 328.8 . caiti in a.¤ cumaine, 9 Comm. ni fuil aithfe gin iubaile do gelluib, O'D. 706 ( H 3.17, 516 ). a.¤ n-imrime .i. in aithe comaine no logh do-berar ar imrim int searraigh .i. ara riarugud i.e. recompense for breaking in a horse, Cóic Con. 47 § 84 ; Laws v 212.3 . gin aithi gin fochraic . . . gin a.¤ .i. focetoir, gin fochraic .i. iardain, O'Curry 2460 ( Eg. 88, f. 37(38)c ). a.¤ fiach .i. ic fiach, 766 ( H 3.18, 360b ). mac duine timghair a.¤ a mhaoeine i.e. he does not confer benefits for nothing, ZCP xii 296.5 . ratha fiala a.¤ ṡlána, LL 343b55 = aithi ṡlána `full compensations', Tec. Corm. 3.27 . ferr athe opad, LL 345c41 = ithe, Anecd. iii 19.14 . fuilled ro-imarcraid ind aithi, MacCongl. 21.5 .

(b) act of retaliating; revenge, retaliation: nech bud ḟerr leis dá athe no da dígail, TBC-LL¹ 4419 . tene . . . oc athi bar col, PH 3637 . nech da tísad aithi na gona sain who should avenge that slaying, LL 244a47 ( TTr. 2051 ). fear a.¤ a an-fhalta `to revenge his animosities', MR 262.12 . nir-bo echt cen aithi, TTebe 3524 . aithi in uilc, IGT Decl. ex. 166 . a.¤ x DO y avenging x (an action) on y: robo adlaic dó a aithi do Pátraic aní dorigni, Trip.² 541 . More usually with FOR: d'a.¤ a n-indligid foruib to punish them for their rapacity, ACL iii 3.16 . d'athi ar n-écora for Troiánu, LL 224a6 ( TTr. 494 ). dia aithiu fair in dimhicin dorad fornd, Marco P. 31 . d'a.¤ a anffoladh ar a eassccairdibh, AFM vi 2146.15 . Of a person: d'aithi ┐ d'fír-dígail Oilella Finn ar fheraib Erenn, Celt. Rev. iv 204.13 .

2 aithne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aithne or dil.ie/2754
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aithgne, aichinte, aithennta

O. Ir. aithgne. io, n. Later f., and g s. also aichinte, PH 2910 . aithennta, ZCP vi 276.32 (infl. by 3 aithnid). Vn. of ad-gnin, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 546 . IGT Verbs § 54 .

(a) act of knowing, recognising, perceiving; knowledge, recognition, perception: do aithgniu ┐ etarcnu dǽ treu, Ml. 42b13 . ar is hé as eola fri aidgne ind athar (gl. missit Deus Spiritum Filii sui in corda uestra), Wb. 19d9 . do thudidin do menman do aidgniu gl. quoniam benignitas Dei ad penitentiam te adducit, 1c15 . aithgne et adrad, 1b13 . cin sula, di aithniu no foircsiu (leg. -in?) mignima, Laws i 238.14 . as ionad anma d'a.¤ , Anecd. ii 22 § 4 . ┐ iat ic aichne a n-inaid catha do congbail for they knew that their place of battle was being kept, CCath. 6143 . cen aithgne a litri có sin without knowing his letters, Trip.² 97 . a.¤ reanna ┐ úaithne ┐ úama, IGT Introd. 2.19 . robo dibreite aichne . . . in Baibiloin da togail it was inconceivable that B. should be destroyed, BB 6b53 . lucht aichinte Isu those who knew Jesus, PH 2910 . gin gur ghabhuis a.¤ uaim-si as reil dait though you weren't told by me, RC xliii 42 § 39 . do thaobh eólais is aithni, O'R. Poems 1202 . triur as lia iul is a.¤ (of the Trinity). DDána 25.6 . a.¤ thoile Dé, Parrth. Anma 3306 . aos aitheanta ar gceirdi-ni, Content. xxii 17 note . dom a.¤ to my knowledge, Aithd. D. 16.38 . Content. xviii 67 .

Less commonly with follg. AR: beas is mísí is olc aichní ar Isac perhaps it is I who do not know I. properly, BB 236b21 , do reir ar n-aithni-ne ar Conn as far as we know C., ML² 1426 . Cf. a.¤ ar chur ┐ ar chosg réime knowing about, IGT Introd. 2.6 . dlighidh a.¤ iomurbhádha . . . ┐ ar bhráithribh . . . dísbeaguidh, 2.30 .

Used like 3 aithnid: nī ha.¤ dhamh dhīobh díogha I know no refuse among them, O'R. Poems 3161 . a.¤ dhamh go bhfaghair . . . I know that you find . . ., Luc. Fid. 301.7 .

Transfd. of persons: an tú m'a.¤ `are you my acquaintance?' Ir. Review 1912, 378 § 1 . ní mé bhur n-a.¤ `he whom you know', Studies 1922, 245 § 1 = Dánta Gr. 47.1 . bhur na.¤ ┐ bhur neamha.¤ those of you who are known etc., CRR² 13 . cabair . . . a carat na a lan-a.¤ , `intimate acquaintances', MR 238.16 . Cf. mo dhaoine aitheanta acquaintances , TSh. 4252 (3 aithnid?).

Transfd. meaning that by which something may be recognized; characteristic: caide ém aichne rinnairde? Fél. 4.26 . is si a.¤ na tunataide, Laws iii 98.2 Comm. cair caide airceand? .i. comaircim caiti a.¤ na aircinde itir, iv 138.y Comm.

(b) In more active sense of coming to recognise or getting to know: cloc focain cethra .i. . . . fo braigit dia n-a.¤ , Laws i 142.15 Comm. secht ndoirsi fora thichthe / ind laich nar hannsa d'aichne, Rawl. 87a11 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . ní ermadair . . . aichne adnacail a maicc she was unable to recognise, Trip.² 1441 . báttar iaramh ag a.¤ ┐ ag adhnacal a ccaomh ┐ a ccarat, AFM v 1646.27 . doním tar muir d'a.¤ uaim / a ghruaidh, Rel. Celt. ii 242.23 . ar eagla h'aithennta for fear of being recognized, ZCP vi 276.32 . ar n-a.¤ Donnchaidh dhóibh, IGT Decl. ex. 670 . With vb. and AR, FOR: saig aithgne forru try to recognise them, IT i 144.24 . atnaigh in ingen aichne fair conar bé Ailill the girl recognized that he was not A., IT i 126.9 ( TE § 12 Eg.). sáilim a.¤ ar an guth nglan / gan cruth a aighte d'ḟégadh I think I recognize (him) by his clear voice, Prolegomena 44 § 16 . míorbhuile máthar Íosa / iomdha fear fhuair a n-a.¤ got to know them, DDána 10.39 .

In phr. beirid (somet. do-beir) aithniu (d s.) with follg. accus. or clause recognizes, realizes, gets to know: ni beram achni (= achniu) aní sin we know nothing of that, LU 10100 ( Imr. Brain 64 ). aralégda (leg. araléga edd.) inda libra ar a mbelaib combo moude ronduca athgnu `let him read the books before them, so that he may gain the more knowledge of them(?)', Mon. Tall. 160.z (§ 79) . tresaní nad rucis aithgnu since thou didst not recognize him, Ériu ii 222.15 . na ber aichne, ar bid fír recognize it, for it will be true, Alex. 835 (with inf. pron. 3 s. n., no bera, v.l.). tuc an ingin a.¤ gurbh'e righ Erenn do bí ann, Ériu iii 152 § 6 . tucsad Gaill aichne cur' fír sin `perceived', RC xviii 299.4 (Tig.) du-s-rad a.¤ gur `he knew that', Fl. Earls 52.18 . Note also: aenoclach . . . m'a.¤ doberudh go becht, Prolegomena 44 § 15 .

Do-beir a.¤ for recognizes (of persons and things only): dobéra imorro cach duine thall aich[ne] for araile iar n-esergi, LU 2661 . sí sin aichni do-biur-sa forru that is what I recognize them for, TBC-LL¹ 1247 . as é sin do ber a.¤ ar galar in duine, 5508 . ní tucsatt . . . na manaig aichne for Colmán, BColm. 80.25 . ní thuc . . . a ech a.¤ ar a hechlais, IGT Decl. ex. 555 . léicid aithne co reveals one's identity to: ro léacceas m'aithne chuicce, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) iii 71.17. do leig a aithne chuca, Smaointe B. Chr. 5219 (seipsum eis revelat).

(c) recognition (in sense of recognition of a poet by his patron), generosity: an dáonnacht 's an deagha.¤ , O'R. Poems 71 . fear a.¤ na healadhna / urradh is fhearr le a cheathra, 1075 . nár dhamh . . . / gan mh'a.¤ dod ghruaidh ghairthe (of a poet), Aithd. D. 46.1 . benacht chugaibh . . . ar son na ha.¤ do-rin[n] sibh ar an dan so, Mackinnon Cat. 117.14 . tug séala athanta ar shleachtaibh . . . `recognition's seal', Ó Bruad. i 204 xvii .

(d) With subj. gen.: ba maith . . . enech ┐ aichne na mná generosity(?), LB 129a29 . Cf. as é . . . bud ferr i[n] aichni 'na einech (.i. bud fer ri aichni .i. ingne inntlechta) `whose wit was clearest in his countenance', RC xxiv 46 § 3 . fear h' a.¤ si a man with your knowledge, Oss. v 26.7 .

1 aithnid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithnid or dil.ie/2761
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: aithnigid

v (1 aithne). Also aithnigid. Replaces earlier ad-noí, q.v.

(a) commits for preservation, delivers to, deposits with: ro aithne a eclais do Pátraic, Trip.² 723 (= commendavit). commenda .i. aithnem (leg. -nim, Plummer MS. notes), Laws i 298.21 Comm. mo charpait, m'eich uili n-og nosaithnim do Maine mór aithnim m'elgnatus uili d'Ḟiachaich I bequeath, Rawl. 138a32 . ini ro haithned o'n fir isa hae co facus tar a eisi isin tig, Laws v 196.18 Comm. dia n-aithnir iat cin co be buachaill, 126.28 Comm. (of cattle). don daer . . . ro haithnid na seoit . . . i necmais a tigerna, iii 230.19 Comm. na haithne aithniter don duine in eislind, 220.11 Comm. na huile aithne ro haithnigedh do duine, ii 304.15 Comm. co roaichni in conair fuigill is fir 'that he pledge the Path of Truth' CIH v 1590.11 , ZCP xlix-l 314 . in fear naithnigther in aithne, O'D. 1180 (H 2.15, p. 25 col. 2). ro haithned . . . i n-ērlaim espuic C. `it was then given into the hands of the bishop of C.', MacCongl. 43.5 .

(b) entrusts to, commits to the care of, commends to: ros aithne di alaili óig día forcitul commended her to a certain virgin to be taught, Trip.² 2081 . aithnid occ Cassan do legund, 835 `del- ivers him to C. (to learn) to read', Trip. 77 . atnaig in clēirech leis co C. nD. hī ┐ mos-aithin (leg. nos-a.?) aicce í do lēigenn lē. ACL iii 308 vi 8 . ro aithniset fir Muman a ngiall dia airchisecht, LU 4365 = ngiallu dia n-airchiseacht, Anecd. i 16.8 bestowed their hostages to be looked after. co bo thrí didiu non-aithned Mac con do Chormac offered himself (?), RC xiii 462 § 68 . robi bliadan lan i mbadhud conid iarum ronathnai airisi `then (the sea) gave them up again', Folklore iv 477 § 57 (Edinb. Dinds.). aithnim thú do Rígh na rīgh, ZCP vii 301 § 11 . aithin mé dot oide a Eoin commend me to thy Master, Dán Dé i 1 . is duid aithnes anmanda do carat ┐ a laimdeo `to you she commits the souls of thy friends and her household gods', Aen. 525 . aithnim m'anmain it lámaib, Ériu vi 114 § 2 .

(c) commends, prescribes (a course of action) to (DO): ro athne dam náro chreitind, Trip.² 801 (= non siniuit mihi credere). in tan aithnes aní seo dia apstalaib, LU 2579 . aithnit do (= dó) cogad do denam they exhort him to make war, Cog. 146.16 . d'athain Crist can sin d'innisin `forbade [them] to tell that', Maund. 107 . inní aitheonus mé . . . dogéntar inni sin, BNnÉ 67.y . aithnidir is-ind recht in timna-sa na déirce, PH 5845 . do chuir i gcéill dá fheartaibh / bás t'oidhir nach aitheantair `that His death was not imposed on Him (against His will)', Aithd. D. 59.25 . aithin damsa an tinad point out the place to me, SG 2.29 .

With DE orders, commands: atberim frib . . . ┐ aichnim díb I tell and demand of you, LB 143a45 . ro athain da aes grada can a adhnocol isin brug, YBL 181b19 . aichnigid dia muinteraib can a corpu do chumhscugudh, Todd Nenn. 204 note p. issed aithnius díot an Flaith, ZCP vii 301 § 8 . do aithin de . . . beith ag frecor ecluisi Torón, xi 138 § 255 . aithnighis (ro fuagair v.l.) di gan urcóid do denamh, BNnÉ 8 § 27 . ná bíodh uirre aithnim dí / cumha a meic, DDána 76.13 . ar na neithibh do athain an Tighearna dhíot, Desid. 4883 .

(e) Exceptional usages: ro athain a mathair é ri techt enjoined on him not to go, TTebe 3729 . ? do athain an Coimhdhe re n-a ndídean `called upon the Lord', Maguires of F. § 3 .

3 amarc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 amarc or dil.ie/3087

n (Lat. amurca, see Ériu ix 30 ) lees of olive oil: a.¤ .i. ab amurco .i. fex olei .i. aní imbi brec, no a.¤ sin amail in descaid bís fo olae, O'Mulc. 42 . Cf. amasc.

anmandae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anmandae or dil.ie/3674

Forms: anmande

(ainimm)

(a) As adj. io, iā used to translate derivatives of Lat. anima. See GOI 221 . anmande animal (as oppd. to spiritual) (gl. seminatur corpus animale), Wb. 13d5 . delb a.¤ foraib ot e marbdai calléic, Ml. 130a3 .

(b) As subst. io, m. living creature, animal; beast, head of cattle: cech anmandai gl. primogenitorum (of the slaying of the first-born in Egypt), Ml. 99a6 . do cach anmmandu gl. generalis (of appellatives), Sg. 28b9 . ind anmandi . . . inna nephanmandi (gl. nihil tam insanum est quam ut animati uenerentur inanimata), Ml. 60b4 - 5 . la sassad inna na.¤ `satisfying the animals', 129d16 . amal anmandu gl. tamquam . . . animantes, 63c17 . dunaib anmandib amlabrib gl. mutis animalibus, 55d25 . cid isnaib nephanmandaib suaccobraib gl. inanimata, 130a3 . cach anmanna corptha cain every animal, SR 1115 . amal cech n-anmanna ṁbor[b], 1239 . na huili anmanna i crí, 1109 . luid im-mesc nan-anmanna, 1134 . rodelb gach n-anmanna / san eglus talmanda, ZCP viii 214.2 . fó bíth bátir tentidi ind anmannai, LU 1688 . nocon faccatar biastai na hanmannai, 1884 . runa ind anmannai sin (opposed here to doinib), 836 . leth for na hanmandu fo bithbiniche, Laws v 138.5 Comm. cutruma fri ceithri hanmanna d'aithgin, iv 110.6 Comm. anmanda mór for a formna / meit eich aighnigh, Anecd. i 53 § 23 . eigiumh inna mbiasta ┐ inna n-uile n-anmunda in talman `living creatures', Ériu ii 138 § 129 . aní forricfedh isin domun do anmandaib etir muir ┐ tir ┐ aeor, 134 § 116 . locuste .i. anmanna aile, 194 § 4 . na malartaid bar n-anmanda dligtheacha arna hanmandaib mūididib (= nolite animas vestras rationabiles occidere pro mutis animalibus), ZCP xii 368.27 .

See follg.

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