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aicilliugad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aicilliugad or dil.ie/800

n (aicill(n)e) act of rendering service: mac de nimdu dicheall .i. ni du mo dithle mac de no ni du dom a.¤ mac de: is inann aicilliugud annsin ┐ anacul , O'Curry 282 ( H 3.18, p. 18 ); O'Curry 442 (p. 238a); 2110 (H 4.22 p. 78a).

aincthe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aincthe or dil.ie/1213

Forms: anaicthe, ainicthe

g s. of late form of vn. of aingid. Also anaicthe, ainicthe. ar bíth gona Conchobuir . . . ar bīth aṅcthe Ailella ┐ Medba, LL 12181 ( TBC-LL¹ 5880 ). dar cend a anaicthe, TTr.² 1892 . gan urra an aince ar anbhúain without a chief to protect them, Rel. Celt. ii 266.18 . na neithe d'fóir chum a hainichthe, Esther ii 9 . láethe a nainicthe, 12 . Cf. anacul .

aingid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aingid or dil.ie/1370

Forms: aingid, aincithi, aingess, -anich, -anaich, -anaigh, aingit, nom-ain, -anaig, ainced, -anagar, ainciter, -anais, ainsium, -ain, roanset, -aunastar, -ansed, anus, -ain, -ainset, -anister, -anustar, -ainsiter, -ainsed, -ansitis, r-an-anacht, anacht, ros-anachtatar, anachtae, anachtai, anacul, anachtae, anaig-, ainge, ronaincea, anachar, -aincfe

v Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 456 . Indic. pres. 3 s. aingid, Wb. 1d15 . aincithi (with suff. pron. 3 s.), BDD² 143 . rel. aingess, Trip.² 1659 . -anich, Wb. 16a4, 5 . -anaich, Ériu ii 222.21 . -anaigh, O'Curry 2531 ( Eg. 88 44 ab ). 3 pl. aingit, MU² 1025 . Impv. 2 s. nom-ain, RC vi 175.31 (see GOI § 588 ). -anaig, TBC-I¹ 3640 . 3 s. ainced, Tec. Corm. § 2.15 . Pass. s. -anagar, Metr. Dinds. iv 102.23 . pl. ainciter, BDD² 214 .

Subj. pres. (see Ériu xix 45-6 ) 2 s. -anais, SR 5999 , 6036 . 3 s. (with suff. pron. 1 s.) ainsium, Thes. ii 352.4 . -ain, Thes. ii 303.3 (Hy. i). 3 pl. roanset, Thes. ii 301.3 (Hy. i). Pass. s. -aunastar, RC xii 104 § 150 . Subj. impf. 3 s. -ansed, AU i 202.15 . Fut. (stem indistinguishable from that of subj., see GOI § 662 ). 1 s. anus (anais v.l.), Anecd. ii 67.9 . 3 s. -ain, Wb. 1d1 . 3 pl. -ainset, RC xiv 424 § 45 . Pass. s. -anister, RC xiv 191.z . -anustar, xii 104 § 151 . pl. -ainsiter, ZCP vii 309.12 . Condit. 3 s. -ainsed, SR 5568 . 3 pl. -ansitis, TBC-I¹ 3557 .

Pret. and perf. 3 s. r-an-anacht, Wb. 17d6 . rel. anacht, Thes. ii 303.2 (Hy i). 3 pl. ros-anachtatar, BDD² 696 . Pass. s. anachtae, RC xii 66 § 30 . Pl. anachtai, TBC-I¹ 2775 .

Vn. anacul . Vbl. of necess. anachtae, BDD² 1322 .

Later as weak vb. (stem aing-, anaig-) with ā-subj. 3 s. ainge, LU 3352 ( SCC § 14 ). ronaincea, Lec. Gl. 94 . Pass. anachar, Trip.² 1504 . With b-fut. -aincfe, Ériu i 130.21 . IGT Verbs § 52 .

Saves, protects: ro anacht Día B. God protected B. Trip.² 609 . cén-mair nud[a]-ainsed mairg nodo-géna, BDD² 955 . gudim B. . . . rom áin co cían, LU 3054 . anachta la hAilill ara omunson he was protected by A. because of his fear of the other, TBC-I¹ 2898 . aingi in trúagh thou savest the wretch, ZCP vii 269 § 11 . intí ances in ṁbidbaid issé fessin as bidbu, LL 19061 . da mbetdís fir Erenn cut hanacal orm, nach aineocdáis thú, TBC-LL¹ p. 861 n.2 . dia n-innised neach uaib dam . . . ro ainicfind sib I should spare you, MR 78.23 . an fer atá ar tí na caibden / do bí lá 's do aingedh iad the man who is about to attack the troops there was a time when he used to defend them(?), IGT Decl. ex. 563 . maith an bhuaidh do bhí ar an tslait / na sluaigh is í do anaic (Moses' rod), DDána 74.28 . a.¤ . . . DI, ó protects from: nonanich dia di cach imniud `God protects us from every tribulation', Wb. 16a4 . ronnain amal roanacht / David de manu Gólai, Thes. ii 303.3 (Hy. i). ri rodnanacht . . . ond leoamain, SR 6101 . ainci[d] C. īatt uile / . . . / on trāb dobōi ga celgad, BColm. 90.12 . do ainic mé ón ghuais, Desid. 1284 . a.¤ x ar (for) y protects x against y: aingid imdibe ar bibdamnact rectto `circumcision protects from the condemnation of the Law', Wb. 1d15 . nert . . . nos-ainsed for slúag n-Ammón, SR 5568 . slúag . . . ronn-ain ar cech ṅgábud, Fél. Oct. 29 . aincim ar pēin spiraid / lucht m'inait is m'foirme, ZCP xii 389.5 . créd rosainic hí ar in écc?, vii 303 § 7 . ar Ifreann go n-aince mé, Dán Dé v 43 . fala bud olc ní ḟuigeadh / cara ort dá n-anuigeadh, IGT Verbs ex. 442 . aincidh iad ar spasmus (i.e. wounds, by a medicament), 23 K 42, 438.20 .

With extended meanings. serves, avails: ní anaich a chrothad nach a ḟlescad, acht a nige `it serves not to shake it or beat it' (of a foul garment), Ériu ii 222.21 (= Mon. Tall. 155.1 ). takes care, heeds: ainic leat nach saobh dod chéill ` take care ', Content. xxvii 1 . tabhair súil thart ar gach taoibh / ainic nach claon do chathaoir `take care lest your poet's chair be partial', v 186 . Legal absolves from liability: ach ni conanaig deithbire .i. acht ni ainces a deithbhir turbadha, Laws i 102.8 , 20 Comm. aincit na dethbhire . . . ar dithim, ii 84.16 Comm. is do suidiu condinanaic deithbiri .i. co n-aincend deithbirius a galuir hi, v 198.7 , 200.23 Comm. ? luige na hanaighidh .i. luighe a aenur graid feine ar graid fene eile, O'Curry 693 ( H 3.18, p. 335 ). cia trebaire adsuide diubairt ni anaigither fír níme na minna, O'Curry 264 (ib. 151b).

anaclach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anaclach or dil.ie/3260

adj o, ā ( anacul ) protecting, protective: fri itge n-ardḟlatha / anaclaig adamraig, ACL iii 217 § 1 .

anacul

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anacul or dil.ie/3264

Forms: anacal, anaghal, anagal, anacol, anaicthe

n (with voiceless -c- (see GOI § 180 ), but in later lang. also with -gh-) o, [n.] (see GOI § 731 ). Later m. anacal, anaghal m., IGT Decl. § 17 . anagal, Verbs § 52. Also anacol. Note g s. anaicthe, TTr.² 1892 . Vn. of aingid.

(a) act of protecting, shielding; protection ; adhnacal (= anacul?) .i. ad dliged ┐ cal coimēt ┐ nāi duine .i. coimēt dligid in duine, Corm. Y 93 . do-bert A. a druim frisin comlaid dia n-anacol, MU² 956 . díon m'anaim dí gidh docar / taghaim í dom anacal, DDána 1.14 . mōr mbiodhbhadh bhíos 'gá foghuil / beag bhíos ag brath anaghuil, O'R. Poems 1306 . um dhíon cceall, um dhál ndocar / lámh ōr fhearr a n-anacal, 1528 . (do) a.¤ x ar y protecting x against y: sochraite Dé domm a.¤ ar intledaib demnae, Thes. ii 356.15 . in Trinoid dom anacul / in Trinoid dom shnádud, / . . . / ar cach nguin, Ériu ii 92.y . da mbet fir hErend . . . acott a.¤ ḟorom, TBC-LL¹ 5956 . da hanachal ar a báthadh, IT ii2 143.536 . oramsa dá anaghal shielding him from me, TD 23.23 . mar nách foil anacal ort / ag moigh cladhṡocar Chonnacht since Connacht has no means to withstand thee, 2.41 . do-gní a.¤ ar x protects x: do rinne anacal ar Chonnla, Keat. ii 5041 . fiafruighis créad as a ndearnadar anacal ar an draoi, 5697 .

(b) act of sparing, giving quarter; quarter: imb anacol dom fa nac, Wb. 23a6 . bá ferr búaid a n-anocail oldás búaid a ṅgona, BDD² 955 . an bó do cascairt . . . ┐ an mac d'ánocal, Ériu iii 160 § 13 . Barabás do anocul ┐ Ísu do crochad, PH 3272 . in didma th'anacol noco didém or F., LU 5232 . um anocal manma damsa to spare my life, Ériu v 148.48 . beir buide n-anacuil a Chonchobuir repay the sparing of your life, LL 13241 = emde, Sc.M² 20 . dober logh n-anacail `I shall give a ransom', RC vi 183.6 . ni ascid anacail no midlachais iarraim-se fort, TBC-LL¹ 2308 . nir cadus ┐ nir chomarci . . . in t-a.¤ sin, Cog. 184.10 . nar gab anacal uathaib he did not accept quarter, ALC ii 66.2 . tabhraidh anacal dam give me quarter, Atlantis iv 172.21 . nár an iarraidh anaghail `such asking for quarter is a shame', Content. ix 13 . anmain i nanmain .i. anacal (formula used by vanquished in appealing for quarter), Ériu xvi 38.1 . ma . . . dorinde na tri garmanda anacail is slán dó, O'Curry 523 (H 3.18, 262b) `i.e. when attacking a place in a hostile territory it was necessary to ask three times if any friendly person were within, and if so they must be allowed to depart', Plummer MS notes. Phrase maithem (n-)anacuil = a.¤ : tairind t'[fh]eirg, a ri, ┐ tabair maithem n-anocail uaid don gilla oc-sa give quarter, TTebe 2546 . do beart somh maithemh n-anacail dóibh `he gave them pardon and protection', AFM vi 1952.9 . do chuinghidh siodha ┐ maithme nanacail, iii 180.15 . Of remitting or not exacting dues, etc. sluaiged erraig ┐ fodmair d'a.¤ ar na haicmedaib sin, Hy Maine 66.3 .

anagal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anagal or dil.ie/3283

x see anacul .

1 áth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 áth or dil.ie/4601

n u, m. IGT Decl. § 95 . ford (commonly as scene of battle or single combat): á.¤ gl. vadum, Sg. 53b6 . ath .i. inadh, ut est, eislind gach á.¤ , O'Curry 978 (H 3.18, 422a). for u[r] ind átho, Trip.² 1573 . co farnactar C.C. for á.¤ ara cind, MU² 1040 . bó do lécud forsind á.¤ aníar, LU 4472 . imgaibtir athai ┐ ergala rém ḟúath ┐ rem erud, 10275 . forsna hathu ┐ forsna linniu, 6097 . udi tri lá . . . for áthaib, 8137 . dorat comlund ar ath dó, CRR 52 . i nn-athaib ┐ i nn-indberaib na haband, TTebe 3512 . bord gach átha, IGT Decl. ex. 993 . fala re cách d'ú Chréidhe / á.¤ abha ní haighbhéile, Magauran 2311 . go Iordan gonuige na háthanna, Joshua ii 7 . Fig.: ? for ath n-uamain .i. for in n-ái n-áith is uamon la cách .i. ind écsi, RC xxvi 28 § 117 . co nach tāras á.¤anacul ar na hairdrīgaib so that there was no refuge or safeguard from the kings(?), ML² 1223 . a fhearg ní há.¤ iondula, DDána 100.30 . á.¤ an bháis madh domhain dóibh, 30.31 . do mhíorbhail mná an ríleinibh / ath díoghla gur dhúineabhair, Aithd. D. 60.37 . ? ar cách do chuir ó Craoidhe / nach bhfuil á.¤ na hégaoine, O'R. Poems 3885 `i.e. that he is no more is an occasion (opportunity) for the lamentation(?)', p. 244 .

In transfd. sense of open space or hollow between two objects: reltanda na firmaiminti ┐ atha in aeoir passages(?), TTebe 1218 . rosiacht á.¤ a da himdad in folt, LU 4230 . co n-érrmadair á.¤ a da chulad co ndeochaid for a béolo, 6025 (cf. Celtica iii 168 ). folt . . . corrici āth a dá gūaland, TBC-I¹ 3146 . á.¤ an ochta, DDána 31.27 .

In phrase do-gheibh (fo-gaib) á.¤ ar finds a way to overcome; finds a means of achieving: co fagdaeis ath ┐ uaicnes ar imthecht a conair eili uatha sin (of a host hemmed in by foes on its line of march), Celt. Rev. iv 204.z . fuair tráth éigin tar a holc / á.¤ ar a héigin d'fhurtocht (of Mary Magdalen), Dán Dé xxi 4 . fagh dhúinne á.¤ ar a n-aimhleas find us a way to overcome their malice (to the Blessed Virgin), PBocht 1.38 . fuair ar mbiodhbha d'á.¤ oirn-ne, DDána 11.28 . Note also: dobhuailte gach áth oraibh, Dánta Gr. 16.104 . dá mealltáoi ar áoi n-annsa, / na háith oram-sa `if through softness of heart the fords were forced against me', Ériu ix 4.26 ( Dánta Gr. 41.25 ).

Freq. in nn. loc., see AU Index, Hog. Onom. etc.

1 blad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 blad or dil.ie/6007

Forms: blaid, blada, blaide, bladh, bladh, blaidi

n u, later also ā, f. ? Orig. n. n s. b.¤ ṅglicc, Trip. 534.10 . a s. b.¤ , LU 4267. d s. b.¤ , LL 16338 , blaid, 15289 . g s. blada, 15297 , blaide, 4372 . n p. b.¤ , Fianaig. 4.19 . bladh .b. (ón chlú), IGT Decl. § 40. bladh .f. (ón chlú, add. v.ll.), § 95 .

Fame, renown; in pl. somet. famous deeds, glories, triumphs (i.e. of a ruler or a king's reign): bladh .i. clú, O'Cl. blath .i. moladh, ibid. cé tara nech lín a b.¤ `though some famous man should come' (ed. n., SCC² 734 ) LU 3927 ( SCC 44 ). mo briathar is mo b.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 3681. ceannach blaidhe .i. bás `purchase of fame', ML 100.16 . rīgfad domhain . . . / muna chosnat fēin a mbladh, K. and H. 28. baile i fuair blaid (: thaig) is bríg `grew to fame', Ériu vii 224 § 40. a b.¤ ┐ a airdercus, TTr.² 755. as fada atú can mo bladh . . . do thogbail `long in raising my renown', TTebe 4061 . do Maolmuadh ba becc a bladh / airdri Cassil do marbhadh, Cog. 88.28 . leath an bhladha ag Bréithneachaibh, O'R. Poems 456. damhna bloidhe, IGT Decl. ex. 1122. bladh bréige ┐ āireamh gan fhochonn ┐ clú fáis, Leabh. ó Láimhsgr. xix 758 . a bratt co mblaid `his noble mantle', Ériu vii 225 § 46. na sinnsir . . . / nach bíodh fa bhladh, PBocht 2.16 . ceōl fa bloidh `famous music', Ériu iv 174.15 . aird-cheannas Éireann / . . . ar bhuadh ar bhlaidh (: ríoghaibh), Content. xxx 20. (Of a prince's reign) sé bliadna ar b.¤ , MacCarthy 156.17 . cóic bliadna ar blaid, 164.9 . foruacht fria blada sin Bruig his triumphs were set at naught at the Brug, LL 15856. ba borrband balc for blada / la D., 15904 . dá ndeich sé bliadna ar bladaib, 24139 .

Freq. in chevilles: forcanat b.¤ , Fianaig. 4.19 . tre blaid mbinn, ZCP viii 106.1 . datta in b.¤ , MacCarthy 144.5 . bāig go mbloidh, ZCP viii 114.29 .

In prov. is būaine b.¤ inā seōid, K. and H. 28.9 . is búaine bladh 'ná saeghal, Imr. Brain 63.2 . As attrib. g s.: cethracha bliadan blaidi `forty famous years', Ann. Conn. 1270.18 . co tuc failte blada doib, LB 238c46 (ACC Comm.).

pn As name of Cú Chulainn's spear: B. ar Bladaib a ainm-side, LL 13941.

Compds. With adjj. isin beluch blad-adbail `high in renown', Metr. Dinds. iii 158.14 . claideb Golai . . . / fri brig ṁbladailc, SR 6183. rogabsat Banba mbladbil of good fame, Rawl. 83a34 . cen nach ṁbríg ṁbládbrais rofeis, SR 1679. os Banba bladbricc ` various-famed ', MacCarthy 424.18 . bricht bladmas, IT iii 40 § 36.

With nouns: mór a bladalt, TBC-LL¹ 3521. samlaithir fri bladbail ṁbla / otha thalmain co hésca, SR 415. B. na mbladbann of the famous deeds, SG 335.34 . bladfhocal ón bladfocal / a Chríst tair dom anacul , 389.15 . nir ba h-aitherrach . . . bisig na bladh-nóis, MR 314.22 . Buais, buinni ar bladaoibh binni `famous delight of melody', Leb. Gab.(i) 64.10 . dar Ard mBresta mbladáibe, SG 373.12 = ṁbladaíbi, LL 6924.

See 1 blá.

derchoíne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. derchoíne or dil.ie/15597

n = derchoíniud: dom anacul . . . ar dinsem, ar derchaíne, ar mirath, LL 360 marg. uaman nó dercaini, CCath. 2721 . is derchaine do neoch doilghius fair imna [h]esbadhaib saeghalla, ZCP iv 384.6 .

dínsem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dínsem or dil.ie/16659

vn. of 1 do-nessa spurning, despising; contempt, insult: do dinsim cecha cloíne, Hib. Min. 327 . do dīnsem cacha clōene, ZCP iii 22.7 . d.¤ lebar despising books (one of the marks of bad pleading), Tec. Corm. § 22.12 . dinsium in domhain, Lism. L. 1134 . d.¤ na n-erchraide, PH 6864 . is mór an dínsium . . . dosbere foraind, 3911 . dom anacul . . . ar dairmitin ar d.¤ from disrespect and contempt, LL 360a marg. mor-chis Connacht cu Cruachain | gan dínseam (dímheas, LL) dia ndegh-thuathaibh, BB 272a50 . dligidh cumal . . . fria cuinnse cucht ara d.¤ , Laws iv 350.5 . ní tarda dínsium fora n-abraim-si, CF 89.20 . tug rí Ciannachta dínsiomh mor for rígh Éirenn, TFrag. 176.z . an tra do rad an Flann . . . an dinnsiomsi do righ Eirenn offered this insult, 178.6 .

diuderc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. diuderc or dil.ie/16955

n [n.?] (*di-uss-derc, Binchy, Ériu xvi 43 ) gazing, looking (poetic or B. na f. word): mór Día domm anacul de múr theindtide, díudercc ṅdér, LU 503 `long looks of tears', ACC 4 ( RC xx 154 ). .i. . . . ar imbed in tened i teilciter dera co cian ica descin . . . diudercc dano nomen compositum o latin ┐ scotic .i. diu incian ┐ dercc sūil, LU 511 (= diu-tercc nder, Lib. Hymn. i 168 ). fil dune rismad bude lem d.¤ , 515 . la d.¤ dó fuire `at the sight of it', Ériu xvi 38 § 6 = la dechsain dó fuirri, Laws i 72.18 .

do-gair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-gair or dil.ie/17726
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cotagart, dorogart, do-da-rogart, d-a-rogart, do-b-rograd, togairm

v (* to-gair-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 535 ) Indic. pres. 1 s. dot-gaur, Blathm. 573 . Subj. pres. 1 s. in-dat-togar-sa gl. invocandi te, Ml. 72c4 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. cotagart, TBC-I¹ 3478 . dorogart, Wb. 21d2 , etc. inti do-da-rogart , 22c1 . d-a-rogart, Ml. 20b2 . Pass. perf. s. do-b-rograd, Wb. 24c4 . Vn. togairm.

I

(a) calls, summons: gl. vocare, Wb. 10a12 , 22 , Ml. 69d14 . revocare, 43b15 . dugairet arbar inna n-namat impu, 62b13 . donrogra don ríghlaith may He call us, Fél. Dec. 14 . co ndiuchtrat ... la gotha inna ndracon do-gairet, TBith.² 484 § 68.12 . rontograt diar n-anacul , Thes. ii 301.30 . dorogart Mártain a muinntir, Lat. Lives 96 (= RC ii 396 ). dorogairt in drái ríg Conaille don fhleid (= invitavit), 66 . tógaire iat isin sáire (= in libertatem revocas), PH 3909 . dorograd [Pól] dochum cretmi, 1649 . do tocair [in rígan] dia ndochum Cuipid, Aen. 396 . dorargait (leg. dorargairt) Agamemnon na huile tuisecho cuici, BB 425b13 (*to-air-gair-?). is iar feaba dogoathair ┐ dogairter he is chosen and called (i.e. appointed), Laws iii 78.22 .

(b) calls on, invokes: Ianus ar thūs . . . torogart ainm De Athar I. was the first to call upon the name, SR 2242 . nicon fhiu la credal | dorogra (dogara, v.l.) ainm Neron, Fél. Prol. 112 ( utter?). dorogart anmunna na ṅdemna furri, PH 1190 . dogēra dūileamain sech dūili she will invoke the Creator rather than creatures, Lec. 212c33 . dorogart in drái demna, Lat. Lives 10 n. 3 . dogairthi-si na demna ┐ na deo dia n-adairthi-si, Anecd. v 4 = garthi, Alex. 905 .

(c) calls down, brings (on oneself): mairg atbelaiges do dhainib ┐ dogair londus Dé, LB 12 marg. inf.

(d) proclaims, enounces: cís ní (= císne) doghair oes eiscí who declares the age of the moon? BB 39b37 = cia on cotagair æsa éscai (.i. cia innisfes duib æsa esci), LL 1564 ( IT iii 61 , 62 ) = cis nondogar, Leb. Gab.(i) 264 .

(e) Absol. calls out, cries, shouts: cotagart Badb ┐ Be Neit ┐ Nemain forru ind aidchi sin . . . conid apad cét loech dib ar uathbas, TBC-I¹ 3478 . condegart in Dagda intan atbert . . ., RC xii 108 § 163 (perh. summoned them). dorogairt o diucaire mōir, Anecd. iv p. xiv 29 .

II

a calls (by a name), names: gl. appellare, Ml. 29c6 . ised dogair-som hó anmaim chailich what he calls by the name of cup, 30c17 . ní ho mud neirt . . . dogairemni noibu not from . . . do we call (men) holy, 37b16 . ré Tadc romemaid in cath | is o Chormac dorrogradh it was named after C., SG ii 492.4 . With a subst. without prep. as complement of pred.: do-gair (dogarar) x y he calls x (x is called) y; esp. in pass. constr.: is airi darogart-som noib for this reason he called himself a saint, Ml. 20b2 . dogarar . . . o dib n-anmannaib intíi . . ., PH 6781 . cach dān dognīat lāmhae is cerd dongairther, O'Mulc. 222 . is gae greine dogairter, Laws iv 352.16 . bretha mac do F. . . . Nel darograd he was named N., Todd Nenn. 228 . ó na cnóib . . . dogarar Cnámrus, Metr. Dinds. iii 130 . conid airi dogairther Goedelg ┐ Goedil, Lec. 325b15 .

(b) With DE + subst. as complement of pred.: dogair (dogarar) y de x he calls x (x is called) y; usually in pass. constr.: conid de dogairer Fiacha Foltsnaithech de, RC xxiv 184 . dogairtea Deimne Mael de, v 199 . is aire dogairthe Uathach diside, LL 316c44 . is aiie dogarar soiscela in aingil de, AU 552 . conid húaidi dogairter díndi Scuit from her we are named Scots, Ériu iv 30 . conad dib dogairdis tall | Tuatha delbda Dé Danann, Lec. 84a37 . neasgóit . . . is de sin dogair Ipocras opostema, 23 P 10, 7a50 . dogoirdis na sein feallsamain an craide do bel an gaili used to call the orifice of the stomach the heart, 6b60 . With other prepp.: dosuidib dogairder Connachta indiu, Rawl. 118b8 (perh. de). cid Auguist dogairthi dó, Lec. 46b34 . nir tograd Cesari for rig eile no other king was called Caesar, Todd Nenn. 66 . conid de dogarar Feil Moingfhinde frisin samain, RC xxiv 178 .

? dornom

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? dornom or dil.ie/18374

ind dom anacul ar demnaib ar droch-doenib ar d.¤ ar droch-amsir, LL 360 marg. ( Ir. Lit. 93.26 ). Cf. torann?

1 do-tuit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do-tuit or dil.ie/18533
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tuit, dotuit, dothuit, dufuit, fora-tuit-som, dotuitet, dofuitet, dofuittet, tutet, dofuited, dofutitis, nothuititis, dorothuus-[s]a, co táthais, do-foth, día toth, arna-tta, torthissem, dotodsat, todsat, torthaiset, torchror-sa, dotodsinn, -faetsath, dorótsad, dorodsad, condo[d]sitis, dofoethus, dofoethus-[s]a, do-faethus-sa, tōithus, toethus, dofáithais, dafaethais, táithis, condoethais, taethais, dotóeth, dofóeth, dofaeth, dofaeth, tāith, thaeth, toeth, thóitis, tartais, taethais, dofaethsaid, taethaisti, dothoetsat, dofoethsat, dofaethsat, do-thaethsat, dofaesat, toethsat, inid-toetsat, dofaethsaind, dofaithesté-su, dofaethaisté-su, dofáithsad, dofaethsad, dofoetsat, tóethsad, toetsad, taethsad, thoithsad, táetsatais, taetsaitis, toethsitís, tōitsitis, torchar, torchair, torchar, docer, dacer, doceir, docair, tocair, dicer, dochear, dorochair, dorochoir, tarrochair, torchar, torchar, torchair, condorchair, trochair, dorochrobair, docertar, docerddatar, diceratar, doceradur, dorochratar, torchartar, con-torchratar, torcratar, con-drochradur, docersat, dorochairset, torchuirsit, dororchair, drorcradatar, drorcradar, do-ciuchratar, do-certar, docher, torchair, atorchair, drochair, itorchair, totuiter, tuiter, tuitim, tuit-, toit-, tuit, car-toit, rotuitset, bhacear, focera, rafoethus, rafaethais, rofaeth, rofaethsaind, rofaitsad, rofaethsad, taeth-, faeth-, taethur-sa, thaethad, taethfaid, taethfaid, taothfadh, do-aothfadh, rothaith, rothóeth, taethsat, thaethsadar, thaetsadar, faoithfead, faothfas, fāidhfit, do-faeth, dofoeth, dofuithebsa, chear, docearadh, chear, concearadar, torcrad

v (* to-tuit-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 656 , see Bergin, Ériu x 193 , GOI § 543 ). Ipv. 2 s. ná tuit , Imr. Brain § 30 . Indic. pres. 3 s. dotuit, Sg. 71a9 . dothuit, Wb. 4d15 . dufuit, Thes. ii 293.21 (SP ii § 4). dofuit, TBC-I¹ 738 , 3001 ; Trip.² 1292 , etc. fora-tuit-som, Wb. 4d15 . 3 pl. dotuitet, O'Dav. 738 . dofuitet, TBC-I¹ 2127 , 2952 . dofuittet, LL 246b45 . nad tutet , Sg. 50a7 . Impf. 3 s. intan dofuited , BB 368b39 . 3 pl. dofutitis, LU 9403 . nothuititis, TBC-I¹ 1417 (LU).

Subj. pres. 1 s. (with -ro-) dorothuus-[s]a, Ml. 23c23 . 2 s. co táthais, TBC-LL¹ 1836 (so Ped.; from do-autat, Wind.). 3 s. do-foth, CB 164 § 45 gl. 1 . día toth, Bechbretha 68 § 30, 134 § 34 n. arna-tta, Mon. Tall. 159.35 . 1 pl. (with -ro-) na torthissem , Wb. 32c16 . 3 pl. dotodsat, Ml. 124d12 . arna todsat , 118a12 . (With -ro-) arna torthaiset , Críth G. 303 . With stem do-cer-: 1 s. dep. co torchror-sa , SR 1533 . Impf. 1 s. dotodsinn, Ml. 131b7 . 3 s. -faetsath, BDD² 792 . (With -ro-) dorótsad, LU 4870 = dorodsad, TBC-I¹ 382 . 3 pl. condo[d]sitis. Wb. 5b11 .

In Mid.Ir. the fut. and cond. are generally used in place of subj. Fut. 1 s. dofoethus, LB 126b33 . dofoethus-[s]a, Rawl. 142a48 . cia do-faethus-sa , RC xiii 8.14 . conna tōithus , xxiii 316 . toethus, TBC-LL¹ 2310 . 2 s. dofáithais, TTr.² 757 . dafaethais, CRR § 54 . co táithis , TBC-I¹ 1619 LU = condoethais, YBL. dia taethais , Aen. 2923 . 3 s. dotóeth, Thes. ii 248.8 . dofóeth, LU 9877 . dofaeth, LL 13973 . dofaeth, Laws i 142.2 . co tāith , Goid. 105.3 ( teth, 5 ). meni thaeth , CRR § 5 . ní toeth , RC x 64 . cia thóitis (rel.), Acall. 6880 . ( taetais, ZCP v 524.11 = tartais, Ériu xii 146 . ) taethais, Cog. 92.11 . 2 pl. dofaethsaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 152.21 . taethaisti, Anecd. iii 72 . 3 pl. dothoetsat, LL 249a40 . dofoethsat, SR 8289 . dofaethsat, TTr.² 544 , 757 ; AFM ii 1158 (poem). do-thaethsat, BDD² 698 . dofaesat, LL 146b30 . toethsat (absol.), SR 8161 . inid-toetsat, LL 292a29 . Condit. 1 s. dofaethsaind, TTr.² 316 . 3 s. dofaithesté-su, TBC-LL¹ 4321 . dofaethaisté-su, 4331 . 3 s. dofáithsad, LL 13999 . dofaethsad, 52 ; TBC-I¹ 1514 , 2434 . dofoetsat, -sad, TBC-I¹ 1091 , 1251 (LU). ní tóethsad , 1857 LU. co toetsad , 2933 . co taethsad , Fél.² lxxv 29 ; TBC-I¹ 2482 . mani thoithsad , TTr.² 1171 . 3 pl. arna táetsatais , Anecd. i 75.16 . co taetsaitis , TBC-LL¹ 2819 . ni toethsitís , TBC-I¹ 1858 LU. arna tōitsitis , Mon. Tall. 157.32 .

Pret. and perf. (from *to-cer-) 1 s. co torchar , Trip.² 1435 . 2 s. hi torchair (-i- faint in MS.), LU 6039 . co torchar , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20.10 . 3 s. docer, Thes. i 493.26 ( Tur. 131 ). dacer, 29 . doceir, LL 274 , 1333 . docair, ACL iii 340 § 36 . tocair, Ériu ii 16.15 . dicer, viii 178.5 . dochear, AU 516 . dorochair, Thes. i 485.27 ( Tur. 19 ); Sg. 29a8 ; SR ; TBC-I¹ , etc. dorochoir, Thes. ii 236.27 . tarrochair, TBC-I¹ 1570 LU. anna torchar , Ml. 34c14 . i torchar , TBC-I¹ 2953 . co torchair , SR 6398 , cf. 5401 , 585 ; TBC-I¹ passim . condorchair, Ériu v 242.159 . i trochair (with metath.), Anecd. iii 61 . 2 pl. dorochrobair, SR 3608 . 3 pl. docertar, TBC-I¹ 2925 . docerddatar, LL 299b9 ( RC xiii 50 ). diceratar, Ériu viii 178 . doceradur, Lec. 203a17 . dorochratar, Ml. 36d13 . con torchartar , Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 262.1 ). con-torchratar, Ml. 48c28 . i torcratar , AU 833 . con-drochradur, ZCP viii 540.30 . Later with s-forms: docersat, LL 182b39 ; Rawl. 82b36 . dorochairset, Lec. 62a1 . torchuirsit, Fianaig. 92.6 . With doubling of -ro-, dororchair, ZCP i 103 . 15 ; ITS v 78 . drorcradatar, drorcradar, Celt. Rev. iv 16.2 , 9 . do-ciuchratar they fell, LU 4392 seems a contamination of do-certar and fut. stem of fo-ceird, cf. fochiuchra, 4583 ( TBC-I¹ 76 ). Forms docher and torchair continue in use to beginning of Mod.Ir. (Keating, FM) in sense was killed ; oft. with pref. ad-: atorchair (atrochair, drochair). itorchair, Ériu v 222.36 .

Pass. pres. s. totuiter, Sg. 71a14 . hi tuiter , 71a11 , cf. 12 , 13 .

Vn. tuitim.

Later treated as a simple vb. with stem tuit-, toit-: ro tuit , Mon. Tall. 157.10 . car-toit, LL 138b30 , pl. rotuitset (-etar, -setar).

Irregular forms.

(a) In LL do- is replaced by fo- in pret. 3 s. bhacear, TBC-LL¹ 4052 . focera, 1443 ; by ro- freq. in fut. and cond. forms with f: 1 s. rafoethus, TBC-LL¹ 4597 . 2 s. rafaethais, 3485 . 3 s. rofaeth, SG 384.7 (LL). Cond. 1 s. rofaethsaind, BB 422a39 . 3 s. rofaitsad, LL 166a53 . rofaethsad, TTebe 2852 .

(b) The fut. stem taeth- (toeth-) and occas. faeth- are somet. used as general stem of vb.: acht co taethur-sa , LB 112a20 . min thaethad , Lec. 421b43 . taethfaid, MR ( FDG 63 ). taethfaid, RC xxiv 282 . taothfadh, CRR 98.7 . do-aothfadh, ZCP x 288.7 . rothaith, Leb. Gab.(i) 98 . rothóeth, RC xiv 62 § 76 . cor taethsat , CCath. 133 ( cor thaethsadar , Todd Nenn. 46.7 , leg. thaetsadar and see do-tét). faoithfead, ML 100.17 . faothfas, 120.25 . ? fāidhfit, Cog. 92.10 . do-faeth he fell, Fen. 406 . dofoeth, Metr. Dinds. iii 320.35 . mun tí taoth 'about the one who has fallen' IGT Verbs § 21 (192.252) , Fil Súil nGlais 47 . nochor taeth, IGT Metr. faults § 25 . taeth fothannán ard dáenbhuille, Fil Súil nGlais 50 § 15 . Cf. also dofuithebsa, Ériu v 240.148 .

(c) The pret. root cer- also appears independently in a few cases in late texts: ó chear , Ó Bruad. i 102 (pret. pass. docearadh, 204 ). níor chear , A. Ó Dálaigh lv 24 . concearadar, Lec. 276a13 .

See IGT Verbs §§ 21 , 79 .

Falls ; gl. Lat. cadere, Sg. 71a9 ; concidere, Ml. 48c28 ; dēcidere, 23c23 ; corruere, 34c4 .

(a) In lit. sense: docer in biail dia samthig issam-muir, Tur. 131 . co torchair-seom isa cend, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 . co torchair ina ligi, TBC-I¹ 1196 . co torchair a etach ṅde, 1202 . rotuit in tenid he fell into the fire, Mon. Tall. 157 (§ 72) . do mod ernaight[h]e co taothsad do déra, ZCP iii 30 . attaig Deain co tāith in tempul . . . guidfet-sa Crist co rotuite, Goid. 105 . dia teth tempul Deane erumsa, ib. da taet lindi tigi na Tebi if the houses of Thebes fall by our efforts, TTebe 2592 . ó atbath mac Eogain . . . dofaethsat cella Connacht, SG 65 . omna dorochair i Fidgable forsin chonair, Hy. v 69 Comm. mar cnái cáich tuitis do chronn, ZCP ix 486 . mad a n-aimser mesa, dothuite[d] mes in tire i n-aon aidche used to fall (from the trees), Laws i 24 . dorochair a claideb al-lāim Conculainn, RC iii 182 . rothuitsetar ar n-airm as ar lamaib, TTebe 1990 . dofuit sís . . . trethan tromm, SR 8113 . ce dofāidsad snāthat for lār in taige, Ériu iv 30 . dofuititis écne móra asin tsruth anuas for talmain, RC x 58 . dorochradar a cuirp i fudomain in mara, CCath. 2122 . tuitfeamaoid ré fánaidh amhail na huisgeadha, TSh. 49 . indar lat dofoethsad an talam fo cossaib, TTr.² 1846 . co taeth nemh dochum talmhan, Aen. 2966 . dia taethsad nem for an lár, BColm. 70 . Of fig. motion: tocair menma ōm t[h]uathaib | isin iat[h] i nIrlūachair my mind has fallen away from my people to the meadow, Ériu ii 16 . nach bág forsa torchair mo menmae, Fél. Ep. 361 . Of gramm. case (to transl. cadere): lase dotuit ind ainmnid, Sg. 71a9 . Falls out: dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn, Thes. ii 248 . caillech agar tuitidar a fiacla, 23 P 10, 100.x . ma tuit an findfad le gēri an galair, 61.26 .

(b) Transf. falls, abates, subsides: arnatta do saogal, ni do tórmuch forsind fitt teirc sin so that thy life fail not, Mon. Tall. 159 . rotuit in cath leth ar leth the battle subsided on both sides, CCath. 2216 . da mad toraib rotuited clothgnima Conaill gan congbháil, MR 150 . o toirmisc na hoileamna tuitid na baill ┐ tic an ḟpairilis the limbs give way (?), 23 P 10, 24b34 . da duite an bríg tochlaitheach if the appetite fails, 147rb16 .

(c) Esp. falls, perishes, is killed; usually but not exclusively of death in battle, oft. with LA of agent: cath Findas i trochair Fiachra, Anecd. iii 61 . dofaoth an t-saoi is in daoi bonn fri bonn, Cog. 204 . taethfaid uili, fer, meic mnā | a ndigail in lechta-sa, RC xxiv 282 . at ē sin rīga docersad isin chath sin, Todd Nenn. 52 . go ndrochair gach damhna glan | do sgothaibh calma Cruachan, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 170 . cia thoitis don chlaidim? who will fall by the sword? Acall. 6880 . dofaeth rí din gāi sin, RC iii 178 . co rothérna indiu Molling, | ní thaeth do rinn ná d'faebur, SG 388 . cia dorochair Congal caech | mōr laech adrochair da rind, Ériu v 244 . dothuit fer cach lái leis, TBC-I¹ 1367 . docer la Meidb dā fer dēac dīib, 2903 . meni thaeth Ailill is Medb lemsa, CRR 5 . deimhnigh-si lat . . . co taet-som lium-sa cia dofaethur-sa laisim, RC xiii 8 . connā tōithus la fianna that I may not fall by the F., RC xxiii 316 . toitfet-sa leo nō buaidheochad forra, ZCP vi 34 . ní tarla fris riam trēn nā taetsat leis, Ériu v 152 . Dubh ┐ Finn . . . torchradar le hEoganacht, ZCP viii 119 . dororchair linne an biodhbha, ITS v 78 . dona cathaib a ndrochradar ┐ dona rīgaib ler' thoitsead, Lec. 575b10 . adeir . . . cor-thoit Eochaid Dala re Tindi, 352a36 . deich míli mora . . . dorochratar oc Dauíd fell by David, SR 5912 . mac Máil 'car toit Tuathal, LL 138b30 = rer-thoit, Lec. 398b30 . dofóeth Eógan már do láim Beinne, PRIA xix 534 ( LU 9877 ). torchratar . . . do láim Láegaire, Fianaig. 92 . gia dofaithesté-su dá lámaib, TBC-LL¹ 4321 . ba hind docersat a maic for that (deed) his sons perished, LL 146a18 . acht co torchror-sa . . . im' chinaid, im' tharimthecht, SR 1533 = acht co taethur-sa, LB (wrongly expanded taethairsa, MacCarthy 62 ). dofuitt di daigir he shall perish by lightning, ZCP xii 237 . gurab do chuma a mic torchair he died of grief, ALC ii 392 . il-Letha dorochair mo Chellóc died, Fél. Mar. 26 . congab i nDomnach F. ┐ bái and con-torcratar trí fichit fer leiss dia muintir till threescore men of his community had fallen there beside him, Trip. 190 = torchartar, Trip.² 2239 ( Thes. ii 242 ). tám thend | i torchair ár fer nhErend, MacCarthy 158 . arna toitsitis an aes pende, Mon. Tall. 157 .

(d) In theol. sense of transgression: i ndithrub parduis dorochair Adam: i ndíthrub in domuin dano asreracht Críst, Tur. 19 . dotoith fēin gu n-a sil annsin (of Eve), Lib. Flav. ii 4va13 .

(e) Of fig. relations falls (into a state, under a rubric, etc.): na torthissem i n-apthin, Wb. 32c16 . dorochair a gnuisi a toirrsi ┐ i nduba (= concidit vultus eius, Gen. iv 5 ), Lec. 530b49 . rotoit bantigerna i lubra galair, RC x 186 . na dāine noch dotoit a teas imurcrach who become over-heated, 23 F 19, 27vb32 . dorochrobair for cinaid ye have fallen into sin, SR 3608 . ná tuit fri lige lesce, Imr. Brain § 30 . bid hí Silend táeth don tur that shall run dry (?), Metr. Dinds. iii 376 . inna hí nad tutet isna gnúsi remeperthai that do not fall into the species aforesaid, Sg. 50a7 . dorochair i ndílsi di it has fallen into propriety to her (i.e. become her special name), 29a8 . anni nognathaigheth cāch . . . dorochair i ndilsita do, Hib. Min. 168 . dorochratar uile i ndilse, Laws iv 178 .

(f) falls (to the lot, share, etc., of) with dat. infd. pron.: di chor cruinn dacer dul issam-muir the lot fell to him to go into the sea, Tur. 132 . Usually with DO (less oft. CO, OC): dofaeth in corp . . . marb coem do chill Cromglaisse, Anecd. iii 62 . docer a forbba dia flaith, Rawl. 119b18 . dorochair . . . do Bricriu dénam na flede, IT ii2 173 . focerdar crann . . . dūs cia dīb dototh bidba do tabairt to which of them the guilty party should be given, Laws iv 102 Comm. dorochair doridise na Lée . . . do chlannaib Néill, SG ii 471 . Inis Eoghain . . . dorochair co Cenel cConaill ó chéin mháir, Hugh Roe 232 . dothuiteadar na comhairthadha chugam-sa a n-ionadaibh taithneamhacha the lines have fallen unto me, Psalms xvi 6 . co ndorchair ic MacErca in ingen, BB 208b19 . rotuit an ferand agan ecclais osin alle, BNnÉ 315 § 8 .

(g) With FOR falls upon, comes upon; devolves on: ní toeth (thaed, v.l.) aess foraib age will not fall upon you, RC x 64 . torchair cotlud forsin slóg, LU 3274 ( SCC § 7 ). atrochair a shuantoirrthim codluta fair, CCath. 1451 . dororchair lupra ┐ trūaigi for Conall, ZCP i 103 . do thuit úathbás dorchaduis mhóir air, Gen. xv 12 . do thuitsedar taisi ┐ tāimnēlla bāis air, CF 341 . bedidh leth-lān ngell dotuit for cāch, Laws ii 136 . athgabail fir for a tuit rōi on whom falls the obligation of fighting a duel-ordeal (?), i 194 . do thuit trom na creach do chur don champa . . . air it fell to his lot to send . . ., Rel. Celt. ii 196 .

(h) falls, lapses, is forfeited or lost: (deut. forms given here could also be referred to 2 do-tuit), in Laws oft. with ó of loser: dotuitet cáire sheep are forfeited, O'Dav. 738 . ba de dochear magh Midhe, AU 516 (poem). taethais do ferann ar do anacul thy land shall be lost, ZCP v 524 (= tartais thou hast given, Ériu xii 146 ). co roícthur in cethruime dorochair isin fes which was forfeited for the feeding, Laws i 224 Comm. is uada tuitit na ba he forfeits the cows, 104 . dofuit athgabail (.i. dotuit athgabail ōn fir is cintuch), ii 18 . dorochair a cuitigh bunaid uaithe she forfeited her original share, 396 Comm. o docerr Aimairgin (.i. o dorochuir a raith a baile o A.), v 348 . atait a secht a tuit a eneclann ō cach seven things that deprive everyone of his honour-price, 368 .

(i) In impers. constr. in phrase do-tuit limm fair = that is my wish, object: is fair dofuit lemm-sa, ni reg-sa assin . . ., Trip.² 1293 = is fair d.¤ liúm-sa connā rag . . ., Anecd. iii 36 .

(j) Impers. forms in various senses: huare nád tuiter essib hi tuisliu aili there is no falling from them into other cases, Sg. 71a13 . cia thoiter do thentib ┐ grīsaib fair, ni fes tes ind though fires and embers fall upon it, Ériu ii 114 . Later as pass.: torcrad Mide dia n-echaib the men of M. were unhorsed, Ériu v 238 . gur torcrádh mac rígh na hE. gona mhuintir leo was slain by them, CF Eg. 306 . ar chuid Néill docearadh le cúngcasaibh who fell in course of victories, Ó Bruad. i 204 . na trí Findemnai . . . docertha iar ngliaidh glain | hi cath criaid fria n-athair, Lec. 52b23 .

1 enech, ainech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 enech, ainech or dil.ie/20066
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ainech, ainech, enech, einic, enig, ainiuch, inchaib, enech, enigh

n o, n. (Ascoli considered the latter form to be originally a distinct word, connected with aingid protects), in later lang. m., and sometimes s in pl.

I Face, front ; as the word is regularly pl. in early Irish the original meaning was evidently brows or cheeks. In the later lang. it is more usually treated as sg.: n p. a di chulaid-som friu ┐ enech Loig, TBC-I¹ 1154 . a p. ní 'na n-enech robitha acht is inna ndrummai (gl. vulnera non aduerso corpore exciperunt, sed auerso) Ml. 100b2 . dubeir cách a chorp hí cotarsnae fria chele .i. enech fri enach (gl. aduersis corporibus) 65b10 . follaig Medb a hainech, LU 6567 . tucastar dóit fri dóit ┐ einech fri einech, CRR 45.48 . goeth garb ina n-enech, FA 26 (LB). nobetis déra geiredh dar eneach gach caratt ZCP vii 268 § 4 . d p. is i n-inchaib atat na cétfaide, O'Mulc. 403 . g p. comlethet a enech di or, LU 20b27 = MU 54.15 . cathbarr ┐ éittidh robaoi foraibh ag...diamlughadh a n-aightheadh ┐ a n-eineach, Hugh Roe, 166.9 (f. 44b) . In later texts the gen. is usually in sg. form: ar son a einich .i. ar son a aighthe, O'Cl. s. eineach, and the word is probably to be taken as sg. in the following exx.: glass robhói a ainech .i. aighed ghlas lais, Cóir Anm. 201 . dorat sígín na croiche dar a enech, RC x 185.14 . dearg a oineach .i. a ghnúis, Keat. ii 2223 (< dearg-ainech robái, Cóir Anm. 21 ). Later form of n p.: nírbo heinighi carat im [sic leg.] fleid in lucht bátar isin tig sin faces of friends at a feast Hib. Min. 52.23 (= aigthe carat, IT i 99.15 ). Of the outer surface of anything: nói mbuilc co n-inchaib órdaib, BDD 119 .

In phrases: ar (for) inchaib over against, in front of: Lia na Fían... | ar inchaib Rátha Senaid, Metr. Dinds. i 18.80 . co torchair for incuibh a duine fessin, Ériu vi 144.10 . badar da tulaigh arda fora n-inchaibh, CCath. 2407.1652 . Leb. Gab.(i) i 208.30 . Hugh Roe² 3.32 (f. 2a) . AFM vi 1898 z . After verb of motion: tainic ar ionchaibh a lethemain came in front of his twin (to shield him) CCath. 2068 ( Luc. Phars. iii 614 ). do dhol ar ionchaibh an Choimdhedh go breithemnus mbratha, BNnÉ 128.17 .

The following seem to belong to this section, but the sense may be that of II b: dorochradar...gleri laech for inchaib a tigernadh, Aen. 2494 . do eirgedar...isin comlonn sin ar inchaib Fergusa `in support of F.' Celt. Rev. iv 22 note m.

ar (for) enech into the presence of (cf. II b). Later also in front of: Ó D. ┐ Ó N. do bheith i ndíbh scoraibh for aineach aroile ó Shamhain go Nodlaicc, AFM iv 1178 x = for enech, AU 1490 . atconnairc T. an t-aingel ina seasamh ar a oinigh [leg. oinech?] gerbo ina diaidh fosraccaibh, Aisl. Tond. 101.9 . Cf. elta dian mag fo ócaib...fert na n-airech ... | décaid ar ainech Etair, Metr. Dinds. iii 106.52 .

fri enech opposite: isind ḟoclúi féinnida fri enech in ríg, BDD 74 . Cf. Ml. 65 b10 and CRR 48 , cited above.

i n-enech against, in opposition to: dolbfamaitni sé muca...a n-einech na sé n-onchon, Anecd. ii 62.15 ; 63.3 . Cf. duberat mo bráthir im ainech mu étchi my kinsmen urge against me my ugliness (cast it in my teeth?) Trip. 152.6 . ? dá mbeith ’na oineach 'if opposed by him' Celtica xvi 91 § 5 .

os inchaib?: airchinnig étrocair bíte ós inchaib martra na nnǽb for dānaib ┐ dechmadaib na hecailsi, FA 25 (this may belong to II).

enech i n-inchaib face to face: tucad cuce in di tabald co mbatar ina lamoib eneuch a n-inchoib facing one another RC xiii 223.53 . dorola airri na hA. doib...eineach i n-inchaip for in muig, CCath. 3058 . With do: do suidhigh [Césair] a longphort ann einech i n-inchaibh do longphort Poimp, 3287 . With fri: gabhsat longport and eineach i n-ionchuibh fri hUltaib, ZCP xiv 228.1 . batar enech i n-ionchaibh friaroile corofighedh iomairecc, AFM ii 908.5 . iii 362.4 . Hugh Roe² 5.32 (f. 3a) . go ranuicc go Dún na nGall eineach i n-ionchaibh frisna Gallaibh, 18.4 (f. 10a) . AFM vi 1926.10 .

e.¤ imm inchaib id.: ro gabh Cesair longphort...enech um inchaibh ríu, CCath. 2286 . Cf. robhai aigidh im inchaib fris directly opposite him Aen. 2857 .

With pref., as adj.:

bán-ainech white-faced: ben bán-ainech, TBC-LL¹ 4314 = TBC-I¹ 2789 (= banaighthech St).

clár-ainech flat-faced: Mo Bii...in clárainech ( .i. cen sróin lais itir, LB 97 ), Fél. Oct. 12 . in dall clar-enech = cæcum tabulatam faciem habentem Todd Lect. v 86.3 . Cf. ferais tromṡnechta...co mbatar clarenig uile coiceda hErend din tṡnechtu so that all the fifths of Ireland were equally level plains TBC-LL¹ 627 .

crunn¤ (cruinn¤ ) round-cheeked: gnúis chorcra chrund-ainech, TBC-LL¹ 5323 .

coím¤ with noble face: Cathbad cóem-ainech, IT i 68.14 . LU 124 az = ZCP iii 236.19 ( ¤oinech). mor cend caem-ainech, BB 420 a36 .

derg¤ ruddy-cheeked: derg-ainech robái coni[d] dé ro lil Enna Derg dé, Cóir Anm. 21 .

gorm¤ swarthy-cheeked: fer gorm-ainech, BDD 75 . fien gorm-ainech, Fianaig. 10 § 8 .

moíth¤ soft-cheeked: ben mæth-ainech, TBC-I¹ 2789 .

COMPDS.: pn enech-glass green-faced: Bressal Enechglas RC xxv 22.10 . Rawl. 117by . B. Ainechghlass, Cóir Anm. 201 . asbert fri Breasal nEineachlais, Lec. 380a7 = Leb. Cert. 194 . rí O nEnechlais, Top. Poems 74.13 = ar Uibh Inechruis, 90.5 (see note, and Leb. Cert. 195 - 6 n.g.). Cf. ...AVI INEQUAGLAS, JRSAI 1898, 57 .

¤nár of noble countenance, or noble repute: Enna enech-nár, Metr. Dinds. iv 182.12 . ri claind Iafeth enechnāir, LL 142a44 . Rawl. 76b20 . ó mac Cumaill einechnáir, Acall. 1417 . Caichni ros ícc Sinchell slán | co himthend co henech-nár, Metr. Dinds. iii 156.18 .

¤réid of gentle face, or of free generosity, lavish: ar ndol don úr enechréigh upon the death of the generous one Miscell. Celt. Soc. 330.3 (cf. ó ṡíol R. an réadhoinigh `generous seed of R.' TD 16.57 ).

II By a transition of meaning apparently connected with the tendency for feelings of shame or humiliation to be reflected in the countenance, enech comes to be used in the sense of honour, repute, good name . The `enech' of an individual might be damaged by unatoned insult or injury on the part of another, or by any act on his own part which was dishonouring to his status, or any failure to fulfil the duties of his rank. Such acts or lapses, when unatoned, left a stain upon his `enech' and thus damaged his status. The contexts in which enech occurs in this sense usually deal with acts which cause humiliation or degradation, or with compensation for such acts, and the word takes on slightly different shades of meaning according to the aspect in which `enech' is regarded. For convenience of reference the exx. given below are grouped as far as possible in accordance with these aspects. In some passages the literal meaning of the word is plainly recognised. In the Laws Text it is treated as pl.; elsewhere it is often sg., though at least some of the instances from early texts are doubtless due to transcribers: gen. einic, Corm. Y 685 . enig, 532 . FB 94 LU. dat. ainiuch, AU 1123 .

(a) honour, repute; dignity, status: ar na torthaiset isnaib sechtaib hi tuitet enech caich...a aér i [= a?] torgabail cen gell dia inchaib, gú-fiadnaisi [sic leg.] gú-test, ailsed nadma, elud rathaigis, dul tria aitiri im ni dichuat fuiri [cf. Laws i 58.1 ff .], cacc for a enech [cf. Corm. Y 685 . ZCP xv 342 § 33 ]. Cid dinigh di inchaibh neich inna .uíí. sa? nach sal aslenna ainech duine biit a tri oca diúnach .i. sleic ┐ usce ┐ anart. is edh is sleíc, fóisitiu in mídénmai fia[d] doínib ┐ in gell nád súifii friiu aitherach. in t-usci, ícc ne[i]ch atball tria mignimiu. anart, penait in midenmai rer [per?] lebor that they fall not in the seven things in which everyone's honour (or countenance) may fall, that is, to be satirized, to transgress without having a pledge on his behalf (or to be satirized for transgressing, etc.?), false witness, false testimony, careless bond-making, evasion of suretyship, breaking through his pledge...(?) [all these bring?] dirt on one's honour. What cleanses from one's honour (or countenance) these seven things? Any stain which soils a person's honour, etc. Laws iv 318.21 ff . Cf. MacNeill, MacNeill, Law of status § 100 ( PRIA xxxvi C 16 ). nā raibh on for inchaibh tuaithe, ACL iii 295 § 27 . on it inchuib, Laws i 232.3 . recht ┐ enech ┐ anim [sic leg.] do rig, enech ┐ anim [sic leg.] do cāch olcena...treidhe do rig .i...is recht a timarcain is enech do beth sochaide ┐ imcomet anma do insin for a king, rule and honour and life; for others (only) honour and life. Threefold for a king, i.e. his (power of) constraint (or castigation) is (his) rule, it is his honour to have a retinue, and that guards his life Laws i 230.11ff. Comm. Cf. recht .i. flatha. enech .i. feni .i. ocus filidh. ainim .i. eclasa .i. inas dír do eclais rule, i.e. of the lord; honour, i.e. oj the freeborn native, i.e. and the poet; life (soul ?), i.e. of the church, i.e. what is properly for the church 230.10 . dilsi n-ainech rig a king retains his honour ZCP xv 366 . conagaib ainech ┐ anmain damsa in fer muinteri rucad uam .i. mo chú upheld my honour and my life (i.e. by guarding his stock so that he was never shamed from lack of provender for his guests, and by guarding his own person) TBC-I¹ 534 . secht seoit airech...con-oat enech which maintain (his) honour (i.e. appertain to his status), Cóic Con. 45 § 72 . Cf. Laws i 134 . ní dlegar anim is enech i n-íc n-anma (the loss of) a life need not be requited by both honour and life Metr. Dinds. iv 110.43 . úaisle eineach inā anam, ZCP xiv 251.2 . béo duine d'éis a anma ┐ ní beo d'éis a oinigh [sic leg.] RC xxix 138.4 . Aen. 2203 . Here we may note the punning sentence: olc amser...i mbiat ile cenna, i mbiat uate enig when heads [i.e. severed ones] will be many and countenances [i.e. reputes] will be few LL 188a52 = RC xxvi 36.3 .

To each grade was assigned a certain rate of satisfaction for any act which if left uncompensated would taint the individual's honour and thus affect his standing and reputation. This compensation was proportioned to the nature of the act and the status of the individuals concerned, and based on the valuation termed lóg n-enech ( honour-price ) in the earlier law tracts (`honour-price was the valuation of the freeman's status'; `a valuation of the power and effect of his status at any given time,' MacNeill, l.c. 270 . Another term for honour-price was eneclann, q.v.): digaib do log eneach eireach it diminishes the honour-price of a chief Laws iv 56.26 . is dilis don cele log n-einech dib, ZCP xiv 391 § 59 = Laws ii 336.5 . log enech fuidre, ma[d] doerfuidir, can mittir ? a inchaib a flatha whence is the honour-price of an unfree settler estimated? from the status of his lord Laws v 516.13 ; 108.24 . fer cen selb...a inchuib a mnā direnar side he is rated according to the status of his wife 516.5 . ii 394.27 . log n-ainech cach fuidire acht doer-fuidir direnar as a leth-[th]othchus, v 518.14 . na gradha tuaithe...ailsed nadm[a], no rath, no eteris, no gūfiadnuisi, no gūfoirgiull, no gūbreithemnus, no gūmes, no guin indilsi, no forlosccadh...troethaidh a logh einech umpu, i 58.10 Comm. dia ndenut guin, no fell for corpuib no colluib, fingal no duinethaighe, no etech daime, no adaltrus do graduib ecuilsi tesbuidh a lan-log einech iumpud fo cetoir curu icuit ┐ curo pinnet na grada ecuilsi ┐ ro sothut na grada cetna cinmotha in t-espoc, Laws i 56.24 Comm. ciasingba in ben as a mamaib ni fairben log n-ainech indi fir `if the woman falls from her obedience, it does not subtract from the honour-price of her husband' v 516 z . sechtmad lōge enig cāich iarna míadh, Corm. Y 532 . lān-lōg einig cāigh fo miad, 531 . Cf. dalbach dina tobngar dire n-ainech, ACL iii 294 § 7 . congairim firiu hErinn. nus biathaim gu cenn dechmuidi. fosuidiur a ndana ┐ a ndibergai. forriuth a n-enech ┐ a n-inechgreso amin I help (them to maintain) their status and (to repel) attacks on their honour IT i 141.27 = 325.8 . ZCP iii 236.4 . dodechas o M.A. cuice do cuingidh na muice do chabair a einich M.A. sent to him for the pig to help (him to maintain by his hospitality) his honour Dinds. 112 = IT i 112 . Cf. cit. from TBC-I¹ 534 , above. fó daig na rotubaide fria enech lest his honour should be aspersed IT i 121.30 . dús in fugebmáis tesorcain ar n-enech fri Ingcél, orguin fón orguin dorat dún to see if we could get wherewith to guard our honour from I. (that is,) a reaving to set against the reaving he allowed to us BDD 48 (they had promised him a return reaving and their honour would have been damaged had the promise not been fulfilled). na haithber ar n-einech, a I. (he had reproached them with shrinking from the promised reaving) 80 (ainech YBL). is messi thall cach n-accobor collaide n-airi na beth milliud enech daitsiu and, IT i 128.25 . ni fil imlot n-enig daitso and, 128.28 (LU) = issat slán-sa dot enech, 128.6 (Eg.). guin in meic ro mill a enech `that smirched his honour' (by embracing his wife) Metr. Dinds. iv 110.32 . do dígail ar mná ┐ ar n-ainig ar na Manib, TBC-LL¹ 4572 . an ferann in ro sáraighedh C. a dílsiugad dó 'na enech as compensation for his (outraged) honour Metr. Dinds. iv 268 x . MR 132.4 . olc do inchaib Ulad...na tri eclaind do thutim dib ┐ nad tabrat digail fair, IT ii2 214.51 . bid olc dot inchaib-siu (not to avenge the slaying of his servant), Laws i 6 z . Ériu ix 46 § 8 . foipremm ina ndegaid ┐ marbam...is liach on, ol M., ┐ is meth n-einig duinn inni sin a blighting of our honour ZCP iv 39.13 . cáemain, a rí... | th'ainech, th'agaid, ocus tabair Ailech d'A. `guard ...thine honour and thy face, and give A. to A.' Metr. Dinds. iv 116.103 . not áirubsa, ol in cainte. ro íccus dom inchaib indiu. aírfatsa Ultu it chinta. ro iccus dia n-inchaib I shall satirize thee [for refusing a request]...I have paid on behalf of my honour to-day. I shall satirize Ulster for thy faults. I have paid on their behalf LL 121a42 - 44 . RC viii 48.25 ; 52.12 . do ænig a fir, 48 z . Cf. ni herfaider dom incaibse ón sibse imme (reply to a challenge) LU 21a18 = IT ii2 213.15 (cf. 210.1 ). ro íccus do chind m' enig indiu chena, LL 121a16 . tanic F. leo dar cend a enig, daig ba hussu lessium a thuttim do gaib gaile ┐ gascid...ná a thuttim de gaaib áire ┐ écnaig ┐ imdergtha, TBC-LL¹ 3022.1738 . berid enech carries off the honour of (by satire, etc.) humiliates, shames: nicon n-etus leo fer du thuidecht ar a chend. is mebul hinnso, ol O. bertar enech di sunn they could not get a man to oppose him, that is shameful, says O. it will cause loss of honour IT iii 239.132 . ni cóir enech cóicid do brith ar ái óenḟir do thesbaid díb, FB 94 . RC viii 48yz . But in a different sense: dosmbidc Cú C. a Delga connach cæmnacair anmanna de duine na chethir ronucad a ainech secha fades C.C. cast at them from Delgu so that no living thing, human or quadruped, was able to get past him unshamed (?) (i.e. without being overcome, but cf. II (b), first cit.) TBC-I¹ 1745 . It was especially harmful to one's honour to refuse a request or to fail in any of the obligations of a host; to show churlishness towards poets or minstrels: meni tuga biad im dorn | berat th'eneach, Laws v 64.22 Comm. conattecht R. in clettín ┐ nad tarddait C. in clettín dó...rádis R. nobérad ainech C., TBC-LL¹ 2068 . TBC-I¹. 1336 (enech). Otia ii 78 z (einech). Cf. O'Dav. 1527 . co mberdais enighe Erenn, Ériu v 116.50 .

do-gní e.¤ maintains (achieves, satisfies) honour, reputa- tion: ar ái óenḟir do thesbaid díb oc denam a n-enig, FB 94 ( = hoc diden a n-oinich, ZCP iv 175 ). ba fearr lais a bās ac denum a enig inās a ēlud fo mebail, Aen. 3117 . nā bīd ...dobrón fort, ar dogéntar th'ainech ┐ ní bía fo mélai (Agamemnon to Menelaus), TTr.² 551 . dia ndernad enech fíal-Ḟind when generous F.'s honour was achieved Metr. Dinds. iv 42.34 . cia enech mór dorigne ? indarbad na nGall...'s ár ar síl I., iii 200 . denu-sa mo eineach don chur-sa ma doronais mo mieineach roimi treat me honourably this time, even though thou didst treat me dishonourably before Anecd. ii 78.16 . In: asbert Agmemnón nírbó santach immon ríge...léor leis namá connerntá [ = connerta, LL 406bw ] enech na Tróianda , TTr.² 1236 , Stokes's emendation conderntá is probably right, though co n-érnta (ernaid) would also make sense. In either reading the context shows the meaning in general to be as he renders it, `that the honour-price of T. be exacted' (i.e. that they might be compelled to render satisfaction fitting to their status. Stokes compares einach .i. eneaclann, O'Cl. ).

tiagait dia tir ┐ a n-eneach leo go home with their honour secure (they had maintained their reputation) Ériu v 32 z . Cf. dobert ainech ris he saved (his) honour thereby (?) Metr. Dinds. iv 94.27 (the meaning seems to be that by reaching the spot with the stone he had given satisfaction for the crime; see p. 102 ib. ).

In adjuration: for fír th'ainich ┐ t'anma, a F., asndíth cia cruth... !, ZCP iv 43.32 . ar ghrádh th'einigh innis damh `for the love of thine honour, tell me' TD 3.43 . ar ghradh h'oinigh [sic leg.], Atlantis iv 220.33 .

aís enig people of degree, nobles: mo dímiad-sa fíad...ǽs enig, SCC 41 ( = LU 49a46 ).

(b) One's honour could be harmed by failure to fulfil a promise or a guarantee, especially a guarantee of protection. Such a lapse was equivalent to failure to protect and maintain one's `enech,' hence the transferred meaning

protection, security, guarantee: here most probably should come: mad fíu lib mo ainech-sa do breith less if you think fit that it have my protection Wb. 14a4 (the gloss is not a mere translation of ut ego eam, but supplements it by the reason for Paul's offer to accompany the collection). Similarly: ní imdidnibter ainech and no one's guarantee will be protected 15c25 (if ainech is pl. the MS. reading is correct). tucad enech Pirr friu fri[a n-] anacul , Aen. 49 . ri feallus for einech (.i. for a comuirce), Laws v 172.17 ; 168.11 ; 368.8 . MR 190.8 . (Saul has promised David his daughter if he slays Goliath:) ainige fris... | a meic Cis...! | rót biat limm anige in tslúaig | ...enech Ioseph uas cech du, | Moisi, Iacob is Iessu | henech...os cech dáil | uaisliu díb (sic leg.) Dia Abaráim pledges for it, son of Kish !...Thou shalt have from me the guarantees of the host...the guarantee of Joseph, etc. SR 5841 - 52 . nā sāraig... | Maísi, Ioséph, Iacób | nā bris báig n-airech no láech | no ainech na fer fírgáeth, 6030 . co tartar glinne ┐ enighe frinn im anacul ógh ar muinteri, TTr.² 1803 . in tan do-n-athmongar cuir tar einaige fer, Laws v 506.13 = tar enech ratha, O'Dav. 980 . Cf. ZCP xiii 23.7 = Bürgschaft 11 § 35 . Fergus... ro rir a einech ar chuirm F. who sold his honour (pledged to protect the sons of Uisnech) for ale IT i 81.7 . gai Táidhg rug C. lais chum na mbroc ar co tísdaís...amach ar enech Taidhg. tangadar na bruic chum C. ┐ do mharbh iat . dochóidh Tadhg iarsin do chaithem na fleidhe bai ag C. ┐ do ḟetir a enech do choll T.'s spear C. took with him to the badgers so that they should come out (relying) on T.'s protection. The badgers came to C. and he slew them. Afterwards T. went to eat C.'s feast, and he knew his protection had been violated Cóir Anm. 239 . can comarci acht eneach B. fein, Cog. 130.15 . ar bith ainig Ḟergusa ara tanac because thou hast come under the safeguard of F. TBC-LL¹ 1884 . conaitig C. cucu a n-eneach no a n-anmain (the fulfilment of) their guarantee or else their lives (i.e. that they should make the defaulters for whom they were pledged give satisfaction or else lose their own lives) BB 389b14 = Dinds. 78 (a n-enoch nó a n-anom). crech lasin nG....for araill do chenel E. baoi for comairce Uí Thaircheirt. rucc O Tairceirt forra... ┐ marbhthar é budh deisin ag cosnamh a einigh, AFM iii 174.10 . ii 1138.5 . vi 2208.1 . Hugh Roe 248.2 (f. 66a) . riar Maol Brighde iarsin hi ccol einicch Pádraicc satisfaction was given to M. for the violation of Patrick's protection (i.e. for invading the sanctuary of Ard Macha) AFM i 542 x . tre miorbailibh na naem isa heneach ro ṡaraigh whose protection they had violated iii 54.2 . térna imorro Ua M. do eineach Chianáin gan mharbhadh through C.'s protection ii 1016.14 . AU 1123 (ainiuch).

ar (for) inchaib under the protection of: nach ingen macdacht...nobid la hUlltai is for a inchuibseom nobitdis noco n-irailtis for feraib in his ward RC x 222.131 . a athair...sul lenus sé in chalann cuil | go mbé in t-anam ar th'ionchuib, O'Gr. Cat. 446.14 . ar fhaosamh nó ar ionchaibh ar Slánuightheóra, TSh. 2717 . a ndioghail an duinemarbhtha...ro imir sé ar na daoinibh...batar ar a ionchaibh ┐ ar a ḟosdadh under his protection and engaged for his service AFM vi 2148.1 . ar inchaib a enig, MR 248.9 . Cf. cid hē nobeith and...nangonaind-se [nomg—MS.] ar inchaib Ulad even if it were he (his own son) I would slay him in spite of (?) the Ulstermen Ériu i 118.19 . Cf. is ort as chóir a chumhal | d'agra...lucht faghla... | do losgadh mh'arbha ar th'ionchuibh GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 564 . For exx. of ar (for) i. after verb of motion, see II (c).

ar (for) enech , etc., id. (properly only after verb of motion): is commairgi dait immar thanac...ar einech... Fergusa, TBC-LL¹ 1854 . techt don anam ar h'oineach, YBL 401b8 = Dán Dé xxii 21 . cecib tan docuirethar neach uaidibh for ionchaibh aroile gurbo hiomairgidhe laisiomh dul for eineach Fhélim, Hugh Roe² 8.25 - 26 ( ff. 4b-5a ). gabh ar h'oineach mé, TD 30.26 . Here, probably: toet for m'ainech-sa, ZCP viii 311 w . Cf. in slúag-sa bar th'einech ┐ ar do chommairgi, TBC-LL¹ 6088 . ar th' eineach dhamh I dependent on thee GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 510 . mé ar h'eineach 'sar eineach nGall, Studies 1924, 243 . TD 30.25 . a milled ar t'inchaib ┐ ar t'einech `if they should be destroyed in spite of thy safeguard and thy honour' IT ii2 123.48 . Cf. dochōid for m'einech ┐ for m'anmain airec co A....co mbúaib my honour and life have been pledged ZCP iv 44.29 . d(i) inchaib by the guarantee of; by means of: co tísad slán d'inchaib a coraigechta-som ZCP iii 206.5 = LU 115b38 . forócrad do B. fácbáil in tigi de inchaib na n-atairi on the security of his guarantors FB 13 (cf. TBC-I¹ 1243 ). ro leicceadh ass...d'ionchaibh a chomairgedh, AFM ii 1072.14 . Cf. gan timdhibhe ferainn for M. gomadh fiadhnach lasna comairgibh a chion, ┐ co ffoccarthaoi slán é d'ionchaibh a chomairgedh, 1072.12 , where the sense may be different: till he should be proclaimed exempt from the protection, etc. (?), and : eirgg es... dem inchaib, RC xxv 346.14 . nod ber as dom inchaib-si, riasu ba marb-sa, ZCP i 105.24 (away from the jurisdiction, peace, of?). With fír: nod gaibim for fir mo enig ┐ mo ḟaesaim, BDD 162 .

fo e.¤ under the protection of: do Thorinis fot ainiuch Tours is under thy protection LL 367 marg. inf. = Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912, 25. 439 § 8 .

In some contexts equivalent to (c) mercy, clemency, quarter: dober einech don bharda, AU iii 522.2 = ALC ii 224.14 = maithemh n-anacail, AFM v 1334.13 (ann. 1516) . dia ttardta eineach ┐ maithemh n-anacail dóibh quarter and protection AFM vi 207.4 . techt for eineach Uí D. ┐ a óighriar do thabairt dó to cast himself upon O'D.'s mercy AFM vi 2136.8 . ticc D. disccir diairm...amach ar ionchaibh Meic Mic M. throwing himself on M.'s mercy v 1760.12 . go ttiocfadh for ionchaibh an Iustis `would surrender to the Lord Justice' vi 2300.12 . Cf. is truagh dúinn intí...do beith i n-áit édaingen ar inchaibh a escarad at the mercy of (?) his foes Expugn. Hib. 33 . mar atá airde na neamh ós cionn na talmhan atá a oineach comhmór sin don lucht ar a bhfuil a eagla, Psalms ciii 11 . ná bíodh ann duine do ṡínfeadh oineach chuige, cix 12 . Cf. loghadh (ón einech), IGT, Decl. p. 54.15 - 16 .

In: ro láithea for biastaib | la berga cen enech (`merciless ruffians') Fél., Prol. 42 the meaning seems rather good faith and the rendering faithless ruffians is more likely.

Honour was maintained by open-handedness, bountifulness, hence the sense (d) generosity, bounty, hospitality , cf. in ruidiud tic isin gruaid...is do sin is nomen nāire. fēile immorro ainm don einech bunaid, Corm. Y 983 : ainech coitchend cáich...cen diultad ri nech, LL 148b22 = KMMisc. 268 . ba mór einech in oclaigh sin...uair nír facaib ben cen a coibchi...gilla cen a dliged dingmala...fer cen a tuarustal ┐ nír gell i n-aidci riam ní nach comaillfed i lló, Acall. 4073 . cia díb siut is ferr einech...? is ferr einech in gilla, uair issé dobeir do chāch cach ní dogeib, 4623 . ZCP vii 304 § 12 . BColm. 98.24 . Cas clothach...cloth .i. enech. ar is é nech robo mó enech ┐ ba fearr im cach ní do iarfadh nech fair, Cóir Anm. 9 . ben robudh maith deirc ┐ oineach, AFM iii 414.1 . Acall. 222 . ar mbrath oinigh gach éinḟir, TD 10.40 . ZCP viii 109.13 . Here perhaps: roddet i nArd Macha...ainech aībhda ro mmac nDé delightful hospitality (?) Ériu viii 67.15 . an t-enech sotal soichlech | brondtach díghuind derloicctech (an attribute of the chief), Ériu iv 218.17 . ar mhéid a oinigh d'aoidheadhaibh, Keat. iii 1700 . ó oineach óir is eang generosity with gold and territory Ó Bruad. ii 152.10 . With do-gní: is romhór luach an enigh cidh cia do-ni, ZCP x 51.7 . an tré ghlóir dhíomhaoin doní G. an t-eineach mór úd?, Keat. iii 957 . With concrete sense: conid hé sin enech dedenach Guairi G.'s last act of bounty ZCP iii 218 § 37 = LU 117b18 . dontí do-ní an offráil nó an t-eineach so ar na marbhaibh, TSh. 5280 (cf. 4815 ). Phr.: tré dichell damhna lusa éigin dá faghail dúinni eneach cennach `for love or money' O'Gr. Cat. 120.5 . g s. as attrib.: sluag [sic leg.] an enigh the generous ZCP x 51.13 . With pref.: dobi se fíal degh-enigh, BCC § 136 . As compar.: ni tainicc riam duine ba degh-enich inās é more generous § 157 . ni raibe...duine ba doichlighi ┐ bú droch-enigh ina in G. sin more churlish or more niggardly § 138 .

escaine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. escaine or dil.ie/20421
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: escaíne, eascaine, eascaoin

n later also escaíne f. malediction, cursing: escaine Hérenn, Lothra Ireland's curse, Lorrha (ref. to the curse pronounced on Tara by Ruadán of L.) Triads 20 . dom anacul...ar escuni, ar digail, LL 360 left marg. cach oen blaises, linaid fearg ┐ escaine fills with anger and malediction YBL 83a47 . tír na mallachtan ┐ na hescaine, Todd Lect. vi 35.12 . Common with subj. gen.: ullidu escaine Colmain the scar (?) of C.'s curse BColm. 76.6 . da ṡaoradh ar esguine Adamnáin, TFrag. 100.10 ; 102.3 . cocadh do ḟass...tre easgaine cleireach, RC xviii 151 . 12 . Cog. 92.17 . tria esccaine Cholaim C. for Síol mB., AFM vi 2104.2 . With obj. gen.: tre esguine a athar through the curse pronounced on his father TFrag. 102.12 . As vn.: cliar rea n-esccuine cursing them BNnÉ 250.6 . naeim da eascaine, MR 232.19 . senad Adamnáin... | ac escaine Irgalaig, Metr. Dinds. i 20.88 . gan a clann d'easguine not to curse her offspring TFrag. 102.9 . (p)salm escaine maledictory psalm: gabais [Patraic] salmu escaine foraib, Trip. 114.11 . o ragabsad in cuire | salma arda esgaine, YBL 173a41 = LL 149bz ( SG 70 ). See Hib. Min. 44 ff . rosuidigestar A. ordd n-escoine doaib .i. psalm cach laithe, etc., a ritual of malediction Cáin Ad. 32 . renda escaine points (pricks) of malediction Laws v 12 y Comm. mar do ghrádhúigh sé easgaine agus tigeadh si air, Psalms cix 17 . doní a ithiomraidh no a esgaoine, Parrth. Anma 177.4 = Luc. Fid. 111.4 . eascaine `male- diction' sometimes eascaoin, P. O'C. ? escoine co tairchitol, ZCP iii 22.17 . Cf. escon.

fírinne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fírinne or dil.ie/22203

Forms: fírinde, fírinni

n , f. (abstr. of fírián (fírén), GOI 569 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 477 ).

(a) justice, righteousness , usual sense in O.Ir. ; gen. = iustitia in Wb : as abstr. of fírían : at firiansu ... tale damsa a log ar epirt do firinne lat, Ml. 36a32 . fírinne Dáe (= iustitia Dei) 55d11 . á íc tria firinni fessin (= de suis virtutibus) 33b5 . comallad inna firinne (= adservandae iustitiae) 94b3 . amal foruigensid do peccad, fognid do fírinni, Wb. 3b28 . fírinde (= iustitia, one of the Cardinal Virtues) PH 4609 . na dernaid bar fhírinde fia[d] dóinib 5964 . ni chomainse th'irinne ar thoil daine do not spurn thy righteousness to please men LU 3501 ( SCC 26 ). iar f.¤ by right, justly LU 9157 ( FB 89 ). a du. tadbat ... dā rect et dī fírinni , Wb. 4d10 . grian na firinne .i. Íssu Crist `the Sun of Righteousness' Lism. L. 28 .

(b) truth , usual sense in Mid. Ir., already freq. in Glosses ; transl. veritas Wb. 9b16 . 22d16 . Ml. 35b19 . firinne na n-ebraide = Hebraica Veritas Hib. Min. 10.338 . denum tintuda inna firinne file isind ebrae isin laitin, Ml. 2d11 . ho firinni inna stoir from the literal truth Ml. 14a5 . ind f.¤ inna stoir, 24d12 . iar firinni stoir, 50a8 . firindi in sceóil the true story LL 295a17 . rolabair in fhírinde truth spoke PH 4881 . is mi ata ar fírinni `tis I am right LL 265a20 ( MU² 410 ). is sinne ata for f.¤ , PH 2671 . is iat búi for fírinn[i] ┐ in lucht ele for góe, CCath. 1311 . dobiur-sa mo breithir ḟ.¤ fris, 1298 . In adjuration : ar t'ḟírinni riutsa, nā furáil ..., 1659 . Of a promise or pledge : da thucta [sic] fhīrinde re m'anacul if thou wouldst pledge thy word ZCP vi 69.29 .

(c) truthfulness, trustworthiness: ass foirfeacht a ffirinne is siad ... iss gardae do rīghoip, Fl. Earls 92.25 .

1 glinne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 glinne or dil.ie/26098

n I , f. Bürgschaft, p. 83 security, pledge, guarantee ; a promise, a binding obligation ; a surety : messi ... as chor ┐ as glinni ┐ trebairi friú, TBC-LL¹ 443 . acht conam-rabat glinni mo diṅgbála ria, MU² 96 ( LL 262b6 ). glinne aurut friss .i. secht n-octhigerna ┐ secht righ ... ACL iii 325.7 . dobertatár glinni ind di síu ┐ anall, LU 6876 ( BDD § 46 ). co tartar glinne ┐ enighe frinn im anacul ógh ar muinteri, TTr.² 1803 . TBC-LL¹ 1793 . in fili oca fúacru for a nglinne ┐ a nadmand, Imr. Brain i 47.14 . dosīacht Fergus fora glinni arnā briste fīr fer for C., TBC-I¹ 1759 ; 1516 . dim glinniu fadein dochóid friae on account of my own pledge which went to her, LU 4696 . Cf. TBC-LL¹ 557 . ma uaisle in ti dia ngabur oldas a glinne ... than his own surety, Laws ii 48.16 Comm. ; 82.2 Comm. cach sodomna ríg ... | a chomēt ar glinne | co rochinne a dáil to keep him under securities (?), PRIA 3 iii 550 § 39 ( LL 147a46 ). dotoet for a glinne i ndiaid int sluaig on the faith (lit. security) of his narrative (?), RC xxi 392.5 . nech ... brisess glinde na cána the obligations of ..., Ériu ii 208.2 . Cf. ZCP xii 387.30 . glinne .i. breth, O'Dav. 1061 . glinne .i. urra, O'Cl. In foll. two exx. probably used loosely in sense of certainty, fixity : glinni glór (chev.), SR 6577 . glinnsius .i. glinni soois nó soḟiss. `glinni' dano lēire, ACC § 54 Comm. ( RC xx 252 ). As npr m. : Glinne mac Degaid, Heldensage, 566 § 6 . fóen- weak security : is fóenglinne dothaet mo phopa Fergus dom ṡaígid-se ní ḟuil claideb i n-intiuch ... leis, TBC-LL¹ 2866 . CRR § 23 . As alleg. npr m. Faenglinni mac Dedad, LL 268a20 ( MU² 799 ). Cf. MU² 803 , 837 .

II As adj. (g s. of I ?) firm, fixed, secure :

(a) In physical sense : úas chret charpait glinni, LU 3362 ( SCC 15 ). eich fil fō charput glinne, LU 3806 ( SCC § 37 ). cret chréda chrom-glinne, LU 8671 ( FB 50 ). cret noíthech nóiglinne, LU 8596 ( FB 45 ). clardha caeimglinne a curach, Leb. Gab.(i) i 62.2 .

(b) In fig. sense: fixed, unalterable, constant : cech ni napa glinne, Thes. ii 352.41 . rosuc ceím gradach ṅglinne `stately and steadfast,' Metr. Dinds. iv 164.39 . costad im chrābud nglindi, ACL iii 311 § 5 . clīara glinni, ZCP xii 388.3 . cen gáes ṅglinni, SR 3119 . In cheville : forum ṅglinni, Metr. Dinds. iv 366.1 . índscib glindi, Snedg. u. Mac R 11 § 33 . eirim nglindi a sure course, ib. 12 § 45 .

imdítiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imdítiu or dil.ie/27491

Forms: imdídiu, immdítin, imdhiten, imditin, imdíten, imditin, imdhídean, imditin, d'imdhídean

n n, f. later o, m. vn. of imm-dím. n s. imdídiu, BDD² 1427. immdítin, Mer. Uil. 74. imdhiten, RC xliii 74 § 74. a s. imditin, Anecd. ii 60.5 . g s. na imdíten , IT i 72.10 . d s. imditin, TBC-LL¹ 2017. Mod. Ir. imdhídean o, m. g s. in imditin , TTebe 4478 . d s. d'imdhídean, TSh. 1547.

the act of protecting, defending, guarding: ceth ... slessa formni gil | rulatha dia [imdít]in, Thes. ii 292.11 . do imdegail ┐ do imditin a crích, TBC-LL¹ 2017. conidam túalaing airer críchi d'imditin fri ecrata echtrand, LU 10294. an t-ord ro gabusa húait ... do imdídiu ó beit fíana fer nÉrenn, BDD² 1427. cen fial ṅglan dia n-imditin, SR 1356. co nimditen a nudbart acaib trena nairnaigde `that their gifts may be secured to them by their prayers,' Laws iii 34.11 Comm. deithbirus aca n-emditin a mbuachaille necessity screening the shepherds, iv 136.z Comm. ar ḟebas na ursclaige ocus na imdíten, IT i 72.10 . cor bo monar dó a immdítin ar in loch lethanmór lindusci ro memaid esti, Mer. Uil. 74. sernais in ceirnín bōi ic Bodhp ic imdítin a thāib, ZCP viii 104.15 . Dīa mór dom imdīdin, 198.28 . do bhí a sgeithe ... da imdhíden ar phícibh, Rel. Celt. ii 188.35 . chom a n-imdhītin ┐ a n-imdheghla badhdēin ar in uile chomharsain, Fl. Earls 92.15 . é féin d'imdhídean ┐ d'anacul air, TSh. 1547. ráth Meadhbha na múr líggeal | fiú a bhfuair d'ulc dá himdhídean, DDána 92 § 22.

? To this : cia beth suiri fair do gres, ni imdeitin gabala athgabhala de, Laws i 200.26 Comm. `? this is no defence against levying a distress on him,' (Plummer MS. notes).

ineaclann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ineaclann or dil.ie/28564

n m. `act of protecting' : é féin d'inioclann ar mhil mbréige na beatha, TSh. 600. ? A contamination of anacul and eneclann.

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