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3 acht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 acht or dil.ie/202
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: eacht, echd

n stipulation, condition (specialisation of 1 acht? Cf. also 6 acht). Frequ. in phrase atá a.¤ (le) as a gloss on 1 a.: ata a.¤ and gurab gan dena neich is urrcuillte isin riaghail so Patraicc glossing a.¤ is gin coll cana Patraic do berar, Laws iii 388.4 Comm. a.¤ nad sui for culud . . . .i. achtaigim no ta a.¤ lium ann co na himpatur hí for culud . . ., 78.8 Comm. a.¤ arcuirethar anadh for athgabáil .i. ata a.¤ lium ann chena go . . .. O'Dav. 132 . ata a.¤ leam and cheana ┐ is ed robo em airechtain la sen, Auraic. 505, 2973 . as é a.¤ ar a b-fuilit siat d'á tabairt dóib this is the condition on which they are to surrender it to them, Hy Maine 160.y . ar an a.¤-sa ón uairsi amach / bead gan chéile gan chumthach, KMMisc. 244.17 . do fhaomhus a taphairt dó ar a.¤ fana fagháil slan . . . arís, Feis Tighe Chonáin 717 . le comhall . . . bhar ndísle le a achta feasta `for your fidelity to his injunctions'. Maguires of F. 64 . a.¤ na suadh dá leantar leis `if he would but keep the law of seers', Ó Bruad. ii 238.4 . Later also spelled eacht, echd: eacht 'a term or condition, an act or deed', P. O'C. gur chuir fuireann leo go hÉirinn...ar eacht go mbeidís... umhal dó, Keat. ii 1139, ii 5010 . tug E. ar na heachtaibh sin triúr ban dóibh 'upon those conditions', Keat. ii 1791 . ar gceangal ar na heachtaibh sin dóibh, Keat. iii 5024 . do cheannaidh [Críost] sin[n]...ar an echd ┐ ar an cconndar do thug- air Dia, Luc. Fid. 232.16 . gur chuir comhairle S. d'eacht ┐ d'forcongra ar an Iustís...an Rúta do thabhairt..., AFM v 1818 x . do bhí dh'eacht ar ó nE...deaghmholta cháigh do cheannuch, TD 31.12, cf. 9.17 . gach lánamhain díobh do roicheadh i n-eachtaibh ┐ i gconnarthaibh a chéile 'into treaty and contract', Keat. ii 3846 . do-rinne mé eacht rem ṡúilibh 'covenant', Job xxxi 1 . Cf. IGT Decl. § 95. ex. 1703 .

1 aile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aile or dil.ie/978
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: oile, eile, arch, aild, aile, aile, aill, aile, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, áili, aili, aili, aile, ailib, aile, aili, aile, aili, aili, a., n-aill, n-aile, éile, éle, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, aile, alaill, allail, alaill, alaili, alailiu, aili, alaaili, alaili, n-aile, allaili, aile, alaili, aili, alaile, holailiu, horaili, fulailiu, folaill, hualailiu, alaile, alaill, alaile, arele, lelele, alaill, aláil, araill, alaili, aláili, álaili, araili, áréli, alailiu, arailiu, alaili, aili, lialailiu, liala ailiu, aile, alailib, alaili, aréli, alaili, indala, indala, dondala, indala, indala, indala, all, AILE, ALAILE, arailiu, alailiu, alaile, (a)la, al(l)

In later lang. oile, eile other, one of two, second , pronominal used as adj. and noun. Inflected as io, iā -stem except in n a s. neut. (aill, see below). GOI §§ 486 ff. , Hamp, Études Celt. ix 477 (aill, arch. aild). Old-Irish forms. Stressed forms

(a) aile (as adj. follows noun; as subst. always with article or nach). As adj. n s m. aile, Wb. 12c46 . n. aill, 9c3 . a s m. aile, Wb. 9d31 . n. aill, 13a1 . g s. aili, Sg. 30a2 . d s. ailiu, Wb. 21a7 . ailiu, Sg. 30b4 . n p. áili, Wb. 12b1 . aili, 22d14 . a p. aili, Sg. 28a6 . g p. aile, Wb. 12b3 . d p. ailib, Wb. 12b11 . Fem. n s. aile, Wb. 10d18 . a s. aili, Sg. 189a8 . g s. aile, Sg. 188a12 . n p. aili, Sg. 22a3 . a p. aili, Sg. 191a2 .

n As subst. n s m. nach a.¤ , Wb. 20a10 . n s n. a n-aill , Wb. 4b24 . a s m. nach n-aile , Wb. 8a3 . éile, éle (influence of céile, GOI p. 308 ), 6a15 , 6c18 . a s n. na aill , Wb. 17c23 . g s. nach aili , Wb. 17b28 . d s. nach ailiu , Sg. 209b12 . a p. amal na heliu, Sg. 9b1 . ailiu gl. quos (nullos tepefacit sol), Ml. 94b20 . Fem. g s. inna aile , Thes. ii 15.42 (BCr.).

(b) With double stem ala aile, alaile, with dissimilation araile (with stress on -ail-) (as adj. precedes noun; as subst. does not take article or other proclitic, cf. Ped. Ériu xv 188 ff.).

As adj. n s n. alaill ṡain, Sg. 6b24 . allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , 209b10 . g s. alaili thríuin, Sg. 96a4 . d s. alailiu chruth, Ml. 98d1 . n p. alá aili aidme, Ml. 89a9 . alaaili réta, Sg. 111b5 . a p. alaili dliged, Ml. 18c11 . g p. ala n-aile ndoine, Ml. 54a21 .

Fem. a s. allaili mbeasti, RC xi 446.1 . g s. ala aile aidme, Ml. 51c5 . d s. alaili tain gl. quando, Sg. 222b2 . n p. ala aili interiecta, Sg. 10a1 .

When used with a prep. ending in a vowel alaile sometimes drops its initial: holailiu, Ml. 80a2 . horaili, 2a6 . fulailiu (sic MS.), 102d2 . folaill, Laws iv 102.14 . But hualailiu, Ml. 40d17 . Sg. 25b12 . With la see substantival use infra.

n As subst. n s m. alaile, Wb. 6b20 . n s n. alaill, 7d11 . a s m. alaile, Wb. 5d15 . arele, 9c19 . With la: lelele, 16c24 . a s n. alaill, 4c33 . aláil, 12a10 . araill, 23b21 . g s. alaili, Wb. 4c13 . aláili, 12a34 . álaili, 13a9 . araili, Sg. 10a10 . áréli, Wb. 13a5 . d s. alailiu, Wb. 2a14 . arailiu, 21a13 . n p. alaili, Wb. 13a16 . ala aili , Sg. 215a1 . a p. with la, lialailiu, Ml. 14a4 (liaailiu, MS.). liala ailiu, Sg. 32b5 . g p. ala n-aile (gl. reliquorum), Ml. 37a21 . Sg. 201b15 . d p. alailib, Wb. 25b13 . Sg. 208b8 . Fem. a s. fri alaili , Sg. 202a4 . d s. aréli (see above), Wb. 8a7 , alaili, Sg. 189a7 . 212b3 .

In Bardic verse this form alliterates with words beginning either with r- or vowels: líonmhar dá reic re-roile, DDána 61.3 . sgol i n-ucht ar-oile ag ól, 103.25 .

(c) Unstressed forms (always adjectival preceding noun or aí, see below, and most usually with preceding article or cach). With article (both words indecl.) n s m. indala mmod, Ml. 45b11 . a s m. indala fer, Wb. 4c16 . d s. dondala lucht, Wb. 16c20 . n s f. indala chlas, Ml. 138d1 . g s f. indala rainne, Sg. 74b7 . a s n. indala lestar, Wb. 4c32 . With cach, usually cach la: cach la sel, Wb. 15d9 . cach le céin, Ml. 19c1 . Without art. somet. also all, see C I (a) below.

A. The form AILE.

I As adj. following its noun other, second: frituidecht a.¤ anísiu, Sg. 21b11 . pronomen naill, 197b17 . fogur na liter na.¤ , 4a8 . guidiu itge n-a.¤ , Fél. Ep. 413 . anní nail as much again, IT ii1 180.177 . cethri fogaetha a.¤ , SR 49 . immon michil lasin crosfigill-so immon muiri lasind crosfigell na.¤ immasech `with the next', Mon. Tall. 137.z (§ 28) . do nach raod aliu `to any other matter', 143.30 (§ 43) . isind le[i]th ailiu, Críth G. 591 (eliu, MS.). do c[h]ellaib elib, BColm. 62.20 . forsin triur aili `the other three', RC xxiv 174.10 . aisceda imda eili, Sc.M² § 4 R . Longínus in ainm ele, PH 673 . a dhuine dhiombuain eile, DDána 27.3 . céd eili d'uaislib `a hundred other nobles', IGT Decl. ex. 60 . ┐ ní eili and furthermore, Hy Maine 161.31 . beag oile as congnamh ré chois `little else', Dán Dé x 17 . aill with non-neut. noun: ro-lēcus-[s]a gaí n-aill cucut-su, Sc.M² § 13 . issin láim n-aill, MU² 543 . do thuc bulli n-aill, TBC-LL¹ 1998 . fecht n-aile (n-aill), úair a.¤ another time, on another occasion see fecht and 2 úar. Of future time, next, forthcoming: lathi n-and resint samḟuin a.¤ cind bliadna, LU 3298 ( SCC § 10 ). cosin caiscc naili `until the next Easter', Mon. Tall. 132.17 (§ 12) . nach (na) . . . a.¤ (aill) any other . . . : nábat nacha arm aili `let it not be any other arms', Wb. 11d14 . dochum nacha rainne a.¤ , Sg. 188a12 . indtan noteigdis nach leth aili, Mon. Tall. 129.18 (§ 6) . in nacha reduibh ailib, Ériu ii 106.9 . Masc. with neut. noun: huare nad fil na nert n-a.¤ , Ml. 29d5 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other, others etc.: cuit inna aine ┐ inna a.¤ of the one and of the other, Thes. ii 15.42 (Bcr.). amal na heliu `like the others', Sg. 9b2 . arus leth do fallaib an aill do doebdadaib `for half is due for the neglects, the other for the claimants,' Laws iv 126.21 Comm. mad a.¤ da lina beta olca folaid `one of two parties', ii 366.11 . ma a.¤ dá lína bes anfoltach, O'D. 565 ( H 3.17, 441 ). co ndearnadhsom in a.¤ chédna likewise, TFrag. 22.22 . mani tucad . . . ní din chéttadall ni bered a n-aill, Sc.M² § 1 . ní fargaib bennachtain ┐ ní thuc anaill (alali, v.l.), RC viii 52.25 . aroile . . . anaill the one . . . the other (ref. to léo), Grail 3399 .

(b) period of two days: a.¤ do mnaib . . . treisi do rig, Laws i 78.15 . nat ṡasai aena tar a.¤ `that one day should not be extended beyond two days', 120.18 . athgabail a.¤ itir uin ┐ treise rosmidir Sencha, 126.11 . cach athgabail a.¤ , 144.24 .i. for ata anad naili ┐ apad aili, 146.21 Comm. is for dail na haili, 146.12 Comm. athgabail a.¤ do ingin im comorbus a mathar, 146.y .i. ar ata anadh naili, 148.3. Comm. a.¤ déc space of twelve days (cf. a.¤ déc one twelfth , (g) infra): a.¤ do mnaib, a.¤ dec doib im roe, Laws i 78.15 .

(c) Frequ. a n-aill something else, anything else: nimbe anaild arbera bith `he has nothing else that he may eat', Mon. Tall. 146.16 (§ 50) . ind lethbairgin ┐ ind cethramtu nó anaild `the half loaf and the quarter or other quantity, 151.z (§ 63) , ní fogbat merdrecha Ulad a n-aill acht foraim én dóib, LU 3254 ( SCC § 5 ). it é do theoir ríagla / nítroib anaill bas diliu `have thou naught else dearer', Ériu i 194 § 7 . in fil anaill? ol Grigoir `is there anything else?' ZCP iii 30.21 .

(d) Hence with ocus, etc. furthermore: ┐ anaill forácbus[s]a . . ., LL 279a7 . ┐ anaill béus, iarfaig-siu and furthermore, ask . . ., TBC-LL¹ 1920 . ┐ dano a n-aill and úair ni chesend nech, LU 2654 . ┐ anaill niro tagaill . . ., Grail 2786 . Cf. similar use of araill: et araill aile dana béus, TBC-LL¹ 106 . ┐ araill and, dano, . . . ní fil rígain . . ., LU 4015 ( SCC § 46 ). araill ele bheós ro leth ainm . . ., AFM v 1858.z . ┐ araill ele nir bó siodhach . . ., vi 2052.10 .

(e) Uninflected aill . . . aill one . . . another, some . . . others (not found in O. Ir. Glosses): imrordus in rígraid / . . . / aill úas laithib lígdaib / aill fo díanaib déraib some . . . others, Fél. Prol. 23 . aill fir mair . . . / aill ingene húage `one of a mighty man . . . another of a virginal maiden', June 5 . áill fri cumaid . . . aill ele fri teichead (of persons), Alex. 309 . .lll. carpdech . . . aill bruitt budi aill bruit deirg `some in yellow mantles others in red mantles', RC xiv 412.8 . Hence adverbially partly . . . partly: aill is tóla catha crūach / aill is cōra cacha crích, ZCP xi 110 § 30 . go ruc in ingen leis aill ar áis aill ar égin, Ériu xi 46.13 . Cf. aill .i. aonfecht .. . ut est aill torla tres tochuired, O'Dav. 34 , Ériu xiii 15.11 .

(f) With nach any other: arna arroímatsom nach na.¤ `lest they should receive any one else', Wb. 14d37 . cen acaldaim nach aili, Sg. 153b7 . cen acomol naich aili do `without joining any other to it', 197b17 . nib écen na aill, Wb. 22d12 . ni gessid na aill act búaid precepte, Wb. 26a34 . ní epur na haill `I say nothing more', Sg. p. 217 marg. sup. (Thes. ii xxii). in fail na aill adcota[r] dam, Trip.² 1323 . cona bía cuit do nach ailiu i nHére, 2766 . do-bérad naill ( = na aill) would give something else, BDD² 276 . With partitive DI something else of: asbéram na aill diar ṅgnímaib, Wb. 17c23 . in fuil anaill d'ingantaib air?, Grail 2983 . Cf. aill do buadaib Duind C. andso something of the triumphs, TBC-LL¹ 1529 .

(g) In numerals (fractions). a.¤ déac one twelfth: oile dég f., IGT Decl. § 3 . oil a dég (oil dhég v.l.) lochdach, IGT Decl. § 14 . aili deac brotto `the twelfth part of a second', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). erpais Patraic aili deac Erend dó the twelfth part of Ireland, Trip.² 911 . `a.¤ dhéc the twelfth part, the Brehon's fee . Anglicé allayéag,' O'Don. Suppl. ni uil aile déc dosomh ┐ atá éiric a gubreite fairsium, O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ). da tecarthar ni da folaid cruid on breithemain, no ailedec, Laws i 234.17 Comm. diablad na aile dec, 234.18 Comm. no co thormaigi fa geall co roib aile dec, v 252.20 Comm. log a breithemnuis, aile dec, 212.22 Comm. Perh. also in: ni bhía an oile dēgsi am díaigh / nach foighe Ó Bríain d'éicsi úaim, IGT Decl. ex. 216 . barr na ngēg uile re n-idnaibh / uile dég gun fidhbaidh ortt (lochtach), ex. 225 . Cf. Kl. enair for dardain ail uathaid fuirre `the second day of the moon thereon', RC xviii 176.27 (Tig.). 284.2 . For ail dec 35.9 Stokes suggests reading ail uathaid.

B. The form ALAILE etc.

I As adj.

(a) other: aliud pronomen . i. is allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , Sg. 209b10 . cenn cridi ┐ alaaili réta `and other things', 111b5 . sech alaili dliged ┐ indliuchtu `apart from other sayings and meanings', Ml. 18c11 . imtech[t] Boinde . . . ┐ alanaile n-aband, AU i 308. 11 , cf. 330.4 , 374.4 . In later lang. neut. form somet. used after noun irrespective of gender: leth in moige . . . al-leth allaill, RC xi 446.52 . don taeb araill, Stair Erc. 782 . isin luing araill, Grail 2969 . isind láim anaill, TBC-LL¹ 1719 . Note also: adhaigh n-aill n-aile another night, BNnÉ 324 § 38 .

(b) Usually some, a certain (gl. quidam, aliquis): hualailiu chlausul gl. uelut in clausula, Ml. 40d17 . holailiu lon gl. quodam adipe, 80a2 . ainm alaili thríuin `name of a certain hero', Sg. 96a4 . alaill ṡain, 6b24 . hualailiu mud gl. quodammodo, 25b12 . con alailiu fogoir (leg. fogur, edd.) gl. aliquo `with some sound', 39a2 . alaili tain gl. quando, 222b1a . ac gūmāidim ala naile nairec ninganta falsely boasting of various wonderful inventions, Corm. Y 825 . cornan alaili cuislendach, `a certain piper Cornan', Mon. Tall. 131.23 (§ 10) . alaili fáith marb, Trip.² 1395 . di araile anmcharait, ACL iii 5.3 . aroile fer angid, PH 818 . doní . . . araile gaitt irisech `she commits a certain pious theft', BColm. 84.10 . i n-araile domnuch, ZCP iii 33.15 . ro indsaig araile carruic . . . ┐ ros buail, Grail 1435 . in araile locc i lLaighis `at a certain place', AFM ii 1066.3 . Cf. co aroile mainistir ecin, RC x 187.4 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other: ni ferr nech alailiu, Wb. 2a16 . ni áir do neuch molad alaili, 16a24 . is coitchen do cechtar de ainm alaili `the name of each is common to both', Ml. 14d12 . intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19d6 . tar cenn alanaile gl. aliorumuice, 95d9 . Sg. 201b15 . cenmathá dobrethir ┐ alaaili `except the adverb and other (parts of speech)', 71b17 . muidit secht catha ren Osseirgé for na Déise . . . asberat araile is tricha cath others say, Ériu iii 138.102 . in foirend is craibdige araile `the folk who are more believing than the rest', PH 6363 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . cach gabal tra issuidiu araile hisesam `every other division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 (§ 31) . gach clas ro claideadh do línadh do arbaim alaill do imbim the furrows to be filled alternately with corn and butter, Laws iv 98.14 Comm. drécht diib i nAidniu, araill diib oc Dubcechair, ZCP viii 305.30 . Hence alaile . . . alaile etc. (the) one . . . the other, another: biit alaili and rofinnatar a pecte rosíu (sic) docói grád forru alaili is iarum . . ., Wb. 29a28 . alaaili diib hi remthechtas . . . alaaili dano it coitchena eter remthechtas, Sg. 215a1 . Later araill . . . de is used of all genders: comérgit Ulaid araill díb . . . araill, LU 5017 . Cf. a dá grúad . . . co ndeirgi fola laíg ┐ araill eile co solusgili sneachta, BDD² 38 . Also when first part of phrase contains ind ala (infra).

(b) With idea of mutual action each other: con rochra cách a.¤ lit. that each may love the other (= that all may love each other), Wb. 6d1 . rosbennach cách dib elathain aroile, Fél. 4.20 . Eogan . . .┐ Oed . . . do marbad aroili, Ann. Conn. 1340.12 . ar bruinnib ┐ ochtaip aroile ┐ a chēile, Fl. Earls, 80.17 . Frequ. with prepp.: combad imned for araill domsa so that it should be trouble upon trouble for me, Wb. 23b21 . Cf. in peccath for arele, 9c19 . is ball cách dialailiu, 5d4 . ar a ndig cechtar dīb sech anaile (araile v.l.) so that they can get past each other (of two chariots), Corm. Y 1082 (96.11) . ni dernai nechtar n-ai olc fri araili, TBFr. 24.3 = fria chéile, 420 . ón tráth co roili, BDD² 1251 . lán ón orsain go ar-oile / an teach . . ., DDána 85.37 . casmhail a rún dá-roile, 92.6 . an ro loitseat Goill ┐ Geraltaig imo roile (roile) isan tansa `the injuries mutually done upon each other', AFM v 1734.15 . dīss derbrāthor dieroile `two . . . brothers', Fl. Earls 124.1 . ?asrean a ceile agh fo laill do `his neighbour shall give him another calf', Laws iv 102.14 Comm.

(c) somebody, something; a certain person or thing . In sg.: araill tra cairigedarsom there is a certain thing (?) (`there are other things now which he blames'), Wb. 25b9 . So also: [con]-secha alaill indib (`he corrects another thing in them'), 26c1 . aroile do lāmhoip S. Niclās `one of the hands', Fl. Earls 80.20 . ba ingnad liasna Fomoire alaill tarfas doib isin cath a certain thing, RC xii 92 § 122 . atpert aroile fris `a certain man', Stair Erc. 1449 . Note also: ara ara bélaib isin charput sin araile forseng fánfota forbrec a charioteer in front of him . . . and he was, LU 9274 . In pl.: is sí cétbaid alanaile `this is the opinion of some', Ml. 36a1 . circunflex la grecu for alailib diib, Sg. 208b8 . With DI: araill d'feraib Midi `some of the men of M.', RC xviii 23.31 . do deachaidh fein cona mac . . . ┐ ar oile dia mhuintir innte, Leb. Gab.(i) 242.26 . d'foraithmet araill dona neithibh remraiti, 272.6 . araill d'áes na cemenn sin, CCath. 86 .

(d) As adv. (d s n.) arailiu `otherwise', Wb. 21a13 (introducing an alternative explanation); cf. alailiu chruth gl. aliter, Ml. 98d1 . alailiu, Wb. 9a23 (see Bergin, Ériu xiv 29 ; xvii 1; Pedersen, Ériu xv 188 ). alaile, Anecd. iii 59.2 . araili .i. gne eile, Laws iv 68.3 . Perh. also in TBC-I¹ 1044 , TBC-LL¹ 1833 ff. (reading ... cadān co leith. Allaile (alailiu LU) dia tonda etc.) .

C. The form (a)la, al(l).

I As adj.

(a) other, one of two, second (in this use a `compositional prefix', GOI § 394 ): all-aidchi on another night, IT ii2 194.21 . alachéill in sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . Morc .i. ala flaith na Fomoire, Leb. Gab.(i) 80.30 . béra cend ríg alathúaithi lat, BDD² 727 . fria lesa alabrugh of other territories, O'Curry 454 ( H 3.18, 242a ). rogrād fir alathīre 'great love of a man of another land', Ériu ii 15 § 2 . ? nach for ala thire tí tarrassais 'that you did not abide upon the surface of another land', PMLA lvi 940 ( LL 37013 ). li ala lécuinn Saul `by one of S.'s cheeks', Ml. 55c1 . ala n-or di i teg, a n-aill fri sīn, Corm. Y 35 (aurso). ala thred dub alaili find, Anecd. i 57 § 58 . tēora blaī būirig . . . blaī mescae . . . alablaī dúnaid la túatha téchtai tecraiter the second exemption, ZCP xi 83.1 . cath Ocha alachath `the second battle', RC xiii 54.10 . ala-chor second contract, Laws ii 274.z . mád ala feacht iar mbrethaib forru `for the second time', 66.16 . See also under compds. and 1 al. See also under allabrig.

(b) With article ind ala one of two, (the) one (. . . the other) (see also B II (a) supra): dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn `one of the two teeth', Thes. ii 248.9 . arambé indala rann cen diall `that one of the two parts be undeclined', Sg. 74b6 . ind ala c. gl. praetermisit unam c (i.e. by writing hoc for hocc), 205b5 . co lluid tré scíath n-ete indala heóin one of the two birds, LU 3282 ( SCC § 7 ). doroigu ind ala fer . . . et romiscsigestar alaile, Wb. 4c16 . is léir dorigni indala lestar is dínnimu dongní alaill, 4c32-33 . ni coir dídnad dondala lucht et troscud dond lucht ailiu, 16c20 . īadais andala (indara, LU) sūil . . . asoilg alaile, TBC-I¹ 394 . benaid . . . Mac Cecht a chend dondala fir . . . ro boí in fer aile oc élúd, LU 7942 . Loch nE. dindala leith di ┐ Slíab C. dind leith ailiu, Trip.² 1957 . Later indara: indara láim dó fri ubull bragat in chon. dobeir araile fria chúl one of his hands, LU 5012 . indara fecht . . . canait ceol . . . in fecht n-aill contúaset fri ceól muintire nime, 1978 ( FA 5 ). is hé indara fer . . . ró an . . . Donnmal int aili, Trip.² 1521 .

(c) ind ala the second (cf. tánaiste): cengsat siar dind ara chur `for the second time', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . isin dara cét lá deidenach don ré `on the second last day of the term', Laws iv 136.1 Comm. Hence in compd. numerals: ala rann deac `one twelfth', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). issed indala nainmm déc the twelfth name, Thr. Ir. Gl. 25.9 = indara hainm, Corm. Y 750 . indala descipul lxx at the seventy-second disciple, Laws i 20.2 Comm. fir errainne co alasét sesed with sixty-two `séts' ZCP xii 361.21 . ?torad cach trethain ala cairrge, Laws v 484.2 (Comm. takes as all beyond). Cf. co treathan ala cairge no ala caire, O'Curry 20 ( H 3.18, 9a ).

(d) cach (a)la every other, every second: cach la céin . . . in céin naili sometimes . . . sometimes, Ml. 19b1, 3 . cachlacein `alternately', Mon. Tall. 146.29 (§ 52) . is i fescur cachlacēin / dlegar dīdnad dōib they are entitled to a meal on alternate days at vesper-time (of fasting regulations), ZCP xiii 29.14 . cach la sel dún for imrádud dé in sel aile for precept `at one time meditating on God, at another time preaching', Wb. 15d9 . ammarbad cach la sel iarum do a mbeogud indtale dia marbad `he continues alternately to mortify and revive them from their dying state', Mon. Tall. 147.16 (§ 52) . bó cona timthuch cech la blíadnai . . . colp[d]ach ḟirenn lee in mblíadnai n-aili every second year, Críth G. 266 . cach alablīa[dain] every second year, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.16 ). cach ara bliadain, Laws iv 140.29 Comm. druinech cechla bean / crecōir cechla fer, ZCP ix 170.17 . ate cuir treineacha la Feine cach la fear dia urgaire, alaili dia forngaire, Laws iv 54.13 . gach re n-am alternately, Dán Dé v 41 .

II n As subst. indala n-aí (invariable) one of the two: is dochu ind ala nái oldaas a n-aill, Wb. 4b24 . togu ind ala n-ái . . . damnad alaili `to choose one of the twain . . . to condem the other', 4c13 . ci atbela ind ala n-ái ni epil alaill, Sg. 30a3 . ind ala n-aí antúaid alaile andess, 67b22 . co n-accai in da mnaí . . . indala n-ai brat úaine impe alaili brat corcra, LU 3285 ( SCC § 8 ). elcuig indalanae, ruibidh alailiu, ZCP viii 105.11 . da fítt . . . inddala hí do tabirt do Día . . . araile do tomailt fadein, Mon. Tall. 161.10 (§ 80) . Later also ala (n-)aí: ar lēicse ala aí di arailiu, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ni frith ala ai do thacru, 354 § 42 . dá [n]dorus [n]-and—comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu, Críth G. 101 . bōthar, talla dā boin fair .i. alanāi for fot alaile for tarsnae, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.17 ).

COMPDS. cosnamach fri hailecricha, Ériu viii 173.28 . i n-ailithír, Trip.² 2033 . asna hailithírib foreign countries, TTr.² 1747 (cf. ailithir). aile máthair, Sg. 152a2 (not treated as compd. by GOI § 394 . Perh. infl. by the Lat. altera mater). See also C I (a) above.

airis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airis or dil.ie/2127
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: aires, aires, irisse, irse, oires, -is, -esa

n Also aires. Form and inflection uncertain. Most forms indicate compd. of air- and 1 fis, whence u and o, m. But n s. aires, LU 6146 and g s. irisse, ZCP iii 243 § 46 , irse, Mon. Tall. 153.23 (§ 66) suggest a fem. ā-stem (which does not occur in meaning (a) below). No doubt two different words have fallen together in meaning (b). Identical with ires(s), Marstrander, Lochlann ii 210 . See LEIA oires (ó dhá chéill) m. (g s. and n p. -is, -esa), IGT Decl. § 38 .

(a) (fore-)knowledge: ro léicsem slóg forru cen airḟius unawares, LU 4784 (TBC). ná tístáis námhait fair cen airius inna chatraig, TTr.² 201 . co mbadar issind arucol . . . cen ḟis cen airḟis, Anecd. i 3.7 ( SCano 50 ). a tabairt do snadud as tualaing a turtaigthi mad cenairis snaite, Laws i 92.3 .i. mad cin fis faesma, 98.14 Comm. athgabail fir tairirid cen a.¤ fecheman toich, 194.21 .i. na fitir athgabail do gabail, 196.16 Comm. Perh. vn. of ar-finnathar.

(b) tryst, assignation, arrangement to meet: doboi iriss (.i. comdal) laiss do Galluib. Luid docum a irisse do Gallaib, ZCP iii 243 § 46 = iress, iresse, Comp. CC 39-40 . foceirtt lamae fair . . . commaranic caradrad irse `intercourse by tryst', Mon. Tall. 156.23 (§ 66) . asbert frie airm iressa `to arrange a place of meeting', Imr. Brain 42.10 . do rinne oiris . . . fa loing do tabairt i n-a aircis co Cend Traga, Celt. Rev. iv 16.16 . ? do N. na ḟir énoiris, IGT Decl. ex. 1031 . i n-a.¤ (with vb. of motion) to meet: tancatar . . . i n-herus C. (i noires v.l.) . . . is aire con deochatar sin i comdail C., TBC-LL¹ 1426 . tocht i n-herus inalta Feidilmthi, 556 . tánaic ind aires aodha uí D. gus an maighin sin came to meet O' D., AFM iv 1928.6 . In phr. a.¤ dála: i n-airius dála, SCano 309 . dogén airius dála frib, PH 3008 . in tan ticfad i n-a.¤ dála di[a] acallaim si. ar baí aires (.i. comdal) dála dissi ara barach fri C., LU 6146 (TBC). ar ní fuarsa co sse ingin follongad i n-airius dala imacallaim fón samail se frim who could hold her own with me in conversation at a tryst in this way, 10317 . tic in t-oclach a cind blíadne i n-a.¤ [a] dala, IT iii 194 § 29 . a.¤ catha meeting in battle, time of joining battle: airisin (for a.¤ in) catha .i. coinne chatha, O'Cl. o tanaic tra a.¤ an cathai moir, RC xii 96 § 127 . lotar do oiris an catha, § 129. co raibe tri la . . . and a noires chath[a] `awaiting battle', xviii 279.2 (Tig.). do thinoilsed Conmaicne ┐ Húi Briuin . . . a n-oiris catha do Thairrdelbach `to give battle to T.', 45.21 (Tig.). ised ro cinnset, anadh i n-a.¤ catha dóibh `to wait and meet them in battle', CCath. 132 . imat na slog dodec[h]atar i n-aires catha dó, 3042 . inn airius in morcatha, 4659

Of the person trysted with: dorala tria gabhra ar iris sainrethach d'fiachoibh ogo . . . ua foilid a iris ┐ a feichemh riamh a special friend owed him three horses . . . his friend and debtor welcomed him, Aisl. Tond. 93 § 2 = tarrla fiacha aige ar cumpanach airide dhó, 120 . In laudatory sense: flaith go roimheas 'gar ghnáth geall / oirios do chách go coitchenn, L. Cl. A. B. 140.32 . Cf. eiris.

Compd. do-rinnedar imram . . . an-athlam oiris-beg expeditious, ML² 658 .

aithbe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithbe or dil.ie/2550
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: a.

n io, [n.]. Later f. a.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 3 . Vn. of * aith-ben, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 461 . See also LEIA (cf. taithbe).

(a) ebb, reflux (of sea): tuile ┐ a.¤ .i. tempestas et tranquilitas , Thes. i 3.30 . in aithbiu gl. remeat, Thes. ii 24.35 ( BCr. 34c4 ). muir . . . dicsi[gi]dir a thuliu la cetemun co tet for aitbe la gemredh. Leith-bliadain for thuiliu, al-leth aili for aithbhiu, Ériu ii 112 § 35 . is tuile ┐ a.¤ , Anecd. ii 22 § 4 . céin no bíd in muir for línad . . . céin ba ha.¤ , LL 21088 . an tan ba ha.¤ an muir ba forreil an tor uaisti, Leb. Gab.(i) 72.16 . co rangattar . . . taran ffersait, ar ba ha.¤ ann an tan sin, AFM v 1610.33 . tond a.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 104.7 . a.¤ .i. trághadh no laghdughadh mara, O'Cl.

Hence decline, decay: a.¤ flatho Oengussa, AU i 212.16 ; 'the ebbing of the power of Ó.' Seanchas 139 . tuile a.¤ elta nemtiger deoghbuire, O'D. 2209 (Nero A vii, 144b). aithbi oll a[r] [t]h'airmitne `may thy honours ebb utterly', Dinds. 21 ( RC xv 319 ). ra bítis a tigi / i tilchaib cen aithbi, LL 6594 . sai gan aithbhi néinígh, AU ii 518.15 . nocha léir tairthe ós tealaigh / léim aithfe dá n-imdheadhuil, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 19 § 32 . a tairthi mar an g-craeibh g-ciníl / do sgaeil aithfe d'Eibilín `have come to an ebb with E.', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 348.24 . bái trí tráth forsind ḟaithchi / Temrach co trumma aithbi (cotromaithbi v.l.) greatly wasting (of an exposed child), Ériu iv 94 § 9 . ? prímdae bréo nád athbi (aithbe, aithbi v.l.), Fél. Apr. 15 (Plummer, MS. notes considers this and follg. ex. as finite forms of a vb. *aith-ben-). co cléir nóib nád athbi, Aug. 12. ? Of defeat in battle: corrabatar fó sár theichle iarna a.¤ , Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 46 ( LL 183a35 ). Of decline in old age, death: a.¤ dam-sae bes mara / senta fomdera croan, PRIA lv (1952-53) C 88 § 1 . ní frescet a.¤ na éc, Imr. Brain 11 § 18 . a.¤ Loegaire meic Néill the death of L., LL 6090 . rí crúaid Cnucha i cath Aichle / fúair trucha ┐ trena.¤ , LL 15176 . ? dá n-anadh rem' aithbhi-sea, MR 306.10 .

(b) act of avenging (sense of aithe): do-chuaidh dá aithbe ar Ultaibh 'went ... to avenge him upon the Ulaidh', Giolla Brighde 30 § 5 . go ro dheónaigh Dia a dhíogail ┐ a aithbhe for na gallaibh . . . an míimirt . . ., AFM vi 2252.4 . ac díghailt a sháraigthi ┐ ac aithbhi gach uilc, SG 24.15 . gé aithne oirne gan fhíoch / do dhíoth a.¤ a coindi (sic MS.) ar chách thy death makes everyone [wish to] avenge it when he contemplates it(?), Dán Dé xxvi 10 .

anad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anad or dil.ie/3265

 

n u, m. vn. of 1 anaid. IGT Verbs § 80 . See GOI § 849 .

(a) act of staying, stopping, remaining: do a.¤ dar téssi `to remain in thy stead', Wb. 31d13 . isin n-a.¤ gl. in otium, Ml. 35c9 . ferr lium indás a.¤ / scarad frisin ṅdomun, Fél. Ep. 367 . dogegaind a.¤ sunn for bicc ḟeraind, Trip.² 1273 . ar in séd ara-tám ne, is annso ata a anadh resting place, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 44.6 . bur n-anadh ag Áth Senaicch / galur gnath do Gaidhelaib your death at Áth S., Irish Texts ii 11.9 . go h-ionadh a h-anta to the place of its residence, ML 48.23 . seóid cáigh ní héidir dh'fanadh `man's wealth cannot last', Ériu ix 166.30 . a.¤ co waiting till: a.¤ co roisc bēim an cluig to wait till the bell has stopped ringing, ZCP vii 310 § 5 . a.¤ I N-: im a.¤ in Ephis, Wb. 27d19 . a na.¤ isin doiri `that they should remain in the Captivity', Ml. 131d11 . doarngert [int-aingel] bitha.¤ isin chill sin, RC xxiv 56 § 17 . a.¤ FRI act of waiting for: mad mac cunntabartach . . . is a.¤ fris no co tuca fine-guth ┐ fine-cruth ┐ fine-bes, Laws v 454.16 Comm. (or in sense (d)?). anadh ris an eiccen sin do ghenam, Cog. 214.22 . nir fhulaing doib a.¤ ris, TTebe 4866 . is emilt linde . . . a.¤ fri gach ní labras in duan, Fen. 46.18 . ? cen anid fris gl. suspendat, Ml. 27b16 (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 455 ). a.¤ AR act of agreeing to: a.¤ ar sám-chomadaibh sídha, MR 194.19 . a.¤ OC: ro geallsad anadh ac Mac Murchadha ┐ ac a tsíl go bráth to submit to(?), Expugn. Hib. § 8 .

(b) act of withstanding, resisting: ag aithne anta dá n-ógaib `exhorting their men to stand to it' (in the coming fight), Caithr. Thoirdh. 102.37 . ar n-aomad anta do na huaislib `the gentlemen being resolved to stand their ground', 114.2 . ic urail inn anta, CCath. 5965 . Hence of a military attribute: fer ro badh dearscaightech iocht ┐ eineach . . . anadh ┐ oirisiomh `steadiness', AFM vi 2350.2 . fear roba fearr troid, ┐ tachar . . . ionnsaighidh ┐ anadh , iii 468.6 .

(c) act of stopping, ceasing; stop, cessation . Freq. in phrase cen a.¤ : Aingil Dé . . . aridfetis cen a.¤ `without ceasing', Thes. ii 320.6 (Hy. ii). ropo dóig lind cen a.¤ / noco bíad ar n-imscarad we always thought, LU 3969 ( SCC 45 ). secht sailm . . . a ngabāil sin gan anadh , ZCP xiii 10.1 . .x. c. torc uaithib gan a.¤ immediately(?), BB 269b22 . a.¤ DE desisting from, refraining from: a.¤ dind imguin, LU 3791 ( SCC 36 ). a.¤ d'innlāgad colla, ACL iii 311 ix 3 . a.¤ dom rith robāisi, 312 § 9 . a.¤ do molad Crist `(my advice is) to cease worshipping Christ', PH 2418 . a.¤ OC: tria a.¤ aice `through the week stopping at it' (Sunday), PH 3586 . act of desisting from: boeth da cach duine ar doman / a.¤ ica ádmoladh to cease to praise Him(?), LB 227 marg. sup. cen a.¤ oc aine, 151a39 . a.¤ ó refraining from, remaining away from: a.¤ o pecdaib, PH 3455 . geis dó anmhuin ó ḟaghail `desisting from foray', TD 19.9 . anadh ō Ifearnn, DDána 22.8 . A pause in metre: caide dethbir itir duain ┐ tririg . . . duan .i. da anadh inte, IT iii 105 § 209 .

(d) In Laws of the respite or period of stay during which a distrained article (see athgabáil) remained in the hands of the defendant (debtor), who in turn gave a `gell' as guarantee of later satisfaction of the claim. This seems to have been the procedure in the `athgabál iar fut' (distress with time). In the `athgabál tulla' (immediate distress) the article distrained was immediately transferred to the custody of the claimant instead of being left for its `anad' with the defendant (Plummer MS notes). See O'Don. Suppl., Laws i 208 . a.¤ cach athgabala iar fut isedh dithim cach athgabala taulla cen a.¤ itir, Laws i 210.28 .i. in re iarsambi in athgabail ar fut ar a.¤ i laim cintaig cin fogeltadh cin bleth cin lobadh do dul ina cenn, is e re iarsa teit fogeltadh ┐ bleth i cend na hathgabala tulla cen anadh itir . . . .i. bid anadh for cach athgabail bis iar fut oc cintach; is ditim . . . fo cetoir i cend na hathgabála tulla, 212.20 Comm. a.¤ cintaidh as edh dithim inbleoghain i.e. if the defaulter obtains a.¤ the relative immediately gives a `gell', O'D. 574 (H 3.17, c. 443). nocho néicin fasc na athghabhala ar ut do breith, óir a láimh in bidbuidh bís sí fri ré nanta, 616 (H 3.17, c. 459). The rules for a.¤ differed in cáin and urradus: nochon fuilit ree nanta re athgabala cána amuil ata re athgabala urradhuis, 621 (H 3.17, c. 461(2)-3).

1 anaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 anaid or dil.ie/3302
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ainfa, -anéb, -anaeb, -anub, -aineba, ainfaindse, anad, anta

v Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 455 . GOI § 523 . See also Celt. Verb p. 85 ff. IGT Verbs § 73 , § 80 . In early lang. with palatal -n- in fut. and condit., and later also with fut. in -éb-: Fut. 1 s. ainfa, Wb. 14a8 , etc. -anéb, LU 6375 ( TBC-I¹ 1861 ). -anaeb, TBC-LL¹ 2515 . -anub, 2518 . 3 s. -aineba (: ailechu, Celtica xi 95 ), MacCongl. 5.8 . Condit. 1 s. no ainfaindse , Laws i 250.20 etc.

Later also with initial f, see infra.

Vn. anad, vbl. of necess. anta.

(a) stays, remains, abides: intain ronanissiu dom héisse `when thou hast remained after me', Wb. 29d9 . is do inso noainfeda `it is for this thou wouldst have remained', 27d20 . nirransam we have not remained (in that state), 19d6 . luid . . . Fiacha . . . ┐ anaid Fergus, IT i 75.16 . tíagam ar ndís . . . ┐ anat ar n-óic sund, TBFr. 380 . ansait tri lá, 146 . dursan nach anadh anmait, BNnÉ 313 § 5 . do-anusdair Edarcomhal . . . ar eis Fergusa, ZCP viii 551.1 . dá n-ana ar an iul dhíreach if he were to keep to the true knowledge, DDána 58.30 . do anustair an tseisrech ina sesamh, BNnÉ 222.4 . dogebh bas . . . da n-anar mur so co fada, ZCP vi 27.1 . an-sa is L. go réidh `remain quiet you and L.,' Content. xiv 31 . fanaig go mín, Párl. na mB. 424 . Note also: go n-anann fiadhánta remains wild, TSh. 7461 . smuain orra . . . ┐ an ós a cceann go fadsduidérach consider them, Mac Aingil 3929 . Waits for, till (co): ansu . . . co nimparrá in carpat wait . . . till I turn . . ., TBC-I¹ 24 . an biuc . . . corot-aicciller, Sc.M² 9 . ni aned-som co n-indechad, LU 4342 . ainfe co mba sen `thou shalt live to be old', Ériu iii 108 § 54 . nir anatar no co rangatar co . . ., L. Chl. S. 2 . go Beinn Éadair níor hanadh `there was no halt till (they reached) B.,' Content. xxviii 16 . With CEN: roansad-sum gan dul tairis, TTebe 2723 . in tan anmait-ne cen imluad a corp-sum, PH 2059 . an feadh do anfadh gan pheacadh, TSh. 3406 . a.¤ DI or DO adheres to: máthair do fhan dá hiris who stuck to her faith, A. Ó Dálaigh xxv 4 . [anaid] dod chorp . . . / poill na gcló . . ., PBocht 24.18 . anar dá thairngire d'Aodh Oirnidhe, DDána 109.13 . a.¤ FOR (AR) ansait ... forsind fhledugud, TBFr. 146 . decides on, fixes on, agrees to: intan na hantai for cocertad Medba when you do not abide by the decision of M., LU 9003 . anfat-sa fair I shall abide by it, MU² 188 . ni ro-an ┐ nir tairis menma Coluim cilli ar Uib Neill isin cath sin did not remain fixed on the O'Neills(?), RC xxiv 52 § 11 . do ḟanadar ar leith Eireann do léighean uatha do Eóghan, ML 66.9 . is é ní ar ar fanadh againn this is what we have decided on, Maguires of F. 17 . conadh fair ro hanadh leó fó dheóidh `they finally agreed upon', AFM vi 2334.17 . mar bhanaighne is ort anaim I am content with thee, PBocht 14.36 . is dearbh liom nach anfá ar mh'inghin mar mhnaoi phósta `thou wouldst not be content with', Keat. iii 2793 . geallais go n-anfadh ar a thoil feadh a ré `promised that he would do his will', 835 . na han ar inmhe as lugha / ná ar thabhaigh `be not satisfied with any less fortune than . . .', Aithd. D. 8.34 . a.¤ FRI (RE, LA) waits for : níruanus fris, Wb. 14d29 . an frim céin córda sille wait for me till I look at them, LU 3807 ( SCC 37 ). cid frisin n-anaid and? anmai . . . frisin n-id n-ucut we wait because of yonder withe, 4738 (TBC). dia nana fria . . . muna[b] an do beir fiacha inn, Laws ii 52. x Comm. an rim a rí richid, LL 374c19 . niro ansom . . . ri cungid clochi he didn't wait to look for a stone, LL 14430 . anais Eōgan fria, ML² 416 . re freagra d'fhagháil do an, DDána 5.21 . do anamar le comairle n-Dé, BNnÉ 49 § 32 . a.¤ I N-: ni roan indi cuse / sín na snigi . . ., Thes. ii 292.16 (Hy. ii). ni anand sai i son, Laws v 2.8 Comm. dá n-antá rinn i modh cheart `had you acquiesced as we do in the truth', Content. v 84 . an feth anfuidhi a n[b]ar pec[th]aib féin, ni fuil ecla acainne romaib, Maund. 123 . do an féin san bhfearann gcéadna, Keat. ii 354 . fan am fochair si, Judges xvii 10 . corruanat inna arrad, Ml. 42a4 . a.¤ LA stays with: acht ni ainfed liumsa, Wb. 32a11 . Cf. 7a17 . anis iii aithgi la suide `it remained three nights with him', Thes. ii 242.14 (Ardm.). anaid iarsin ind athgabail la fer do dobeir a forus the distress remains with the man who puts it in a pound, Laws ii 128.24 Comm. a.¤ ó remains away from, avoids: cionnus úaidh dofhanfainn-si?, Ériu ix 4.z . ni anand o creicc m'indmais, Three Hom. 64.8 . ná han uaithi (of repentance), Mac Aingil 554 . do fhan dé Domhnaigh ó Aifreann, A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 6 . a.¤ OC stays with: anais sechtmain occai, Trip.² 1246 . ind ainfedea oca `wouldst thou abide there', Mon. Tall. 134.8 (§ 19) . is tall anas oca, Laws i 212.8 Comm. an accamsa i n-oighreacht t'athar, BNnÉ 292 § 10 . tearc iadhadh aga n-anann few bonds hold it (of the body), PBocht 12.15 . ionnus nar an aige acht seacht mba until he had only seven cows left, Keat. ii 4692 . ní anann aithne ná úrlabhra . . . aige, Párl. na mB. 3661 . tuigim nách anfadh aguinn / aoradh an óig . . . / . . . / ó ḟolaibh airdríogh Éirionn `I know that the satirizing of the warrior . . . would not be left unpunished by the kindreds of the high kings . . .', TD 23.22 . continues: issindí nad ran oc precept did not continue preaching(?), Wb. 14d30 . aoibhneas ag nach anfaidhe / a dhaoirmheas ní dlighfidhe pleasure which is not persisted in(?), PBocht 19.20 . abides by, holds by: do anudair ag foirm cheathruir ┐ is iad so an ceathrar ar ar anadar `they agreed to abide and submit to the decision of four persons', ML 180.y . ní bhacfadh tuar a thighe / dá n-antar ag uan Muire, PBocht 12.24 .

(b) resists, withstands (FRI): is é imsním fa mó ag na míledhaib nach anta (= antaí) re [a] n-imresnaib that the enemy would not wait their attack at close quarters, Caithr. Thoirdh. 75.28 . fris a n-irgail ní hantoir nobody withstands him in battle, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. v (1919) 93 § 29 . ní h-anthar ris á rind gliad, Hy Fiach. 294.1 . nir hanad annsin ac Mumnechaib re huruad mec inn Ardrig `the M. did not stand their ground, through fear of the Highking's son', Ann. Conn. 1225.17 .

(c) ceases, stops, desists: ánanas `when it ceases', Ml. 71b5 . intan . . . nunanad when it came to rest (the cloud over the Ark), 83a4 . trisnacemmen inandais, 133b4 . an ná toirche dom thadhall stop, PBocht 3.41 . anadh an uaill let pride cease, 6.36 . ro ansat na drochdoene / o ro marbhtha a ceile evil people have desisted, Misc. Hib. 17 § 5 ( LL 19075 ). Of sound, etc.: anat for mbriathra bági cease your boastful words, LU 8425 ( FB 29 ). ansat na hegme, 1907 . anait begg tra . . . na cruitiri, TBFr. p. 17 § 11 . co cend se ṁbliadna déc ni ro an gol na crith leo i n-Ultaib did not cease, IT i 77 § 16 (LMU). a.¤ DI desists from, gives up: na anam di dénum maith, Wb. 20c14 . nícon ainiubsa (conainib MS) dut moladsu, Ml. 53b8 . iarsindi ronan hua céin di aisndis dun popul after he had ceased for a while from speaking of the people, 126b1 . de molad Dé ni anad, Thes. ii 315.1 (Hy. ii). anait dint shenmaim, TBFr. 122 . nicon aniubsa dib i.e. I won't refrain from killing you, TBC-I¹ 2886 . nócon ainfe ingrimm ┐ acrae díib co bráth, Trip.² 2217 . níro ansat do silid, 792 . conrana (leg. cor-rana, ed.) don dualaich sin until he can give up that vice, Ériu vii 162.6 . o ra ansad don merugud `when they ceased from straying', RC xxiv 196.9 . noco roscar na scela / ni ro an dia abéla, LL 375a41 . a.¤ oc desists from: nocho n-antais cei[n] no antais occa treghdagh, Anecd. i 67 § 145 . lucht an indluig ni anat / ag éccnach a n-eascarat, Ériu iv 212 § 2 . nir anais . . . ic a dénum, PH 8119 . ní anat an énlaith sin ac canainn cíuil, RC xxiv 379.23 . dá n-anta ga n-iongabháil, Aithd. D. 36.31 . níor an 'gá chuinghidh . . . gur . . ., Dán Dé ii 7 . nā han ag atach Rīgh nimi, ZCP vi 272 § 14 . ni anann an fhairgi co brac ac linadh ┐ ac tragad, Ir. Astr. Tr. 46.5 . ní anann acht oc does not cease to: nach anann acht agar sgras-ne, Fier. 87 . ní anann sé acht ag senmóir, Dán Dé xxii 1 . ni antais acht ag aslach na nGaoidheal, Hugh Roe 308.25 (fo. 80b) . a.¤ AR desists from: nír an dá éise ar a fhuath . . . go bhfríoth aisde lé mar luach she did not cease to hate him, PBocht 27.26 .

1 apad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 apad or dil.ie/3859
Last Revised: 2019

 

o, n. Vn. of ad-boind. act of proclaiming, giving notice . In Laws used of the period of notice given before the process of athgabál is begun: [d]o airlither anta for athgabala ┐ da napa[d] do cuisin do cach athgabail . . . a.¤ cuicthe do fechemuin ┐ a.¤ dechmaide do feine, Laws i 262.20 . cintach cach fine iar n-elodh iar n-apa iar n-urfogra, 264.14 . robui in athgabail cen anad cen apadh cen dithim, 80.7 Comm. nocha ninnruighi é . . . a gabail athgabala . . . muna roibe fath is deach aice in gach sofis anta ┐ apuid, ii 88.16 Comm. a.¤ naile o mhnaoi ┐ tesus is tir a foircend na haoile ┐ anadh se la notice of two days is given by a woman and she goes into the land at the end of two days, iv 22.16 Comm. abad teora dechmadh do tabairt iman ferann; abad cach lae do tabairt ime re re na cétdechmaidhe, 2.18 Comm. muna fuil forus aice etir, nocha nfuil re do acht apud raite air i.e. if he has no land of his own he is given the notice of common land, ii 90.9 Comm. iar naimsir apaid . . . uair inann a.¤ ┐ urḟoccra sunn, O'Curry 1444 (H 3.18, 645a). cin a.¤ .i. focedoir; cin forfogra .i. iardain, 2245 ( Eg. 88, 18(19)a ). a.¤ ┐ forais, Cáin Ad. 39 . ? Matudán miad / a.¤ mál ial (a.¤ adbal ial v.l.) / cotgaib cach riad / roimdidi, IT iii 57 § 109 . Note also: adhbo .i. abach .i. earfhuagra, O'Cl.

See also dían-apad.

ar-cuirethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-cuirethar or dil.ie/4040

 

Forms: airchor

v ( air-cuir-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 499 )

(a) increases, extends; prolongs: ni erchuiretar lín liter laitinde `they do not increase(?) the number of Latin letters', Sg. 6b17 . nach athgabail . . . aracuirithur saire, Laws ii 114.7 . cid doghnī serc Dē fri duiniv? . . . arcuiredar saegal it prolongs life, ZCP iii 448.26 . etirdīben sōegol, arcuiret[h]or pīanai, 453.13 . flaith aru-cuirither cain ┐ cairde, O'D. 2234 (Nero A vii 156a-b). arcuirethar .i. fothaighther . . . acht arcuirethar anadh for athgabáil .i. ata acht lium . . . go fothaigh[e]and anadh na hathgabála prolongs the stay on distress(?), O'Dav. 132 . is aenmadh déc a dithim . . . mana urcorathar saire unless exemption be extended, O'D. 606 (H 3.17 c. 455). ni aurcorthar suire aimsear, O'Curry 2728 ( Eg. 88, 61(62)d ) `privilege does not prolong times' (reading aimsera), Plummer MS notes. ?acht trisi . . . nad urchurur `only three days . . . when [the distress] is not lengthened out', Laws ii 130.13 Comm.

(b) represents(?) (see Críth G. p. 34 ): arcuirethar a chéliu cur ┐ chairddiu he advances (?) (represents?) his clients in the matter of contract . . ., Críth G. 373 .

(c) turns back, turns away(?): ni aracuirethar deichbire de .i. acht manab dethbir ni tintaid féin athgabail amuich, O'Curry 2729 ( Eg. 88, 61(62)d ) `? something which necessity turns from it', Plummer MS notes. ircuirseat rompó dan naimdibh (ro cuirset in druim fria naimdip, v.l.) `they turned away from their enemies', CCath. 2798 .

(d) In sense of for-cuirethar overthrows: bai . . . in Cuilenn sin ┐ Ciar culdub . . . ocomraim is de asbreth arcorathar Culenn Ciar .i. nongegna may Cuilenn overthrow C.(?), Rawl. 119b15 . casts on, throws on: ar altaib ar neimib / ardon celtair cuirer (leg. cuired) (arcelltraib nacuired v.l.) let Him place a covering over us i.e. may He protect us against wild beasts etc. , ZCP x 346 § 2 .

? con ith ┐ mlicht neich arindchuiriur, Thes. ii 293.5 (not translated).

Vn. airchor.

1 ardarc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ardarc or dil.ie/4058

 

n (a) request, petition: danam tora m'a.¤ , TBC-I¹ 2278 = danam thorrsed m'a.¤ (airrderc v.l. St.) / cinnfet, cun cup comnart, TBC-LL¹ 3080 . ardharc .i. aiscidh no athchuingidh. Petition, also a gift, present, bounty, gratuity , P. O'C.

n (b) a.¤ dligid legal claim(?); `some special grace or concession made by the law in consideration of special circumstances, privilege ', Plummer MS notes: gellta dib . . . di athgabail .i. acht ma ro bí a.¤ dligid ann, Laws i 66.14 Comm. imanadh in roi . . . .i. muna roib ardurc dligedh ann, i 252.25 Comm. ma ro baí a.¤ dliged ann is i eiric tucad ann, iii 86.3 Comm. uinge dergo[i]r ar da buaib decc ┐ in tescra ar vi buaibh acht maine raibhi a.¤ dlighidh ann, O'D. 2373 ( Rawl. B 506, 44d ). muna roibh ardurc dlighidh issed sin dorala ann, 114 (H 3.17, c. 91). mad ro baoi ardur[c] dligid ann is amlaidh dlegar athgabail . . . do gabail . . . mun roib ardurc ann is cert caich amail a nert, O'Curry 2361 ( Eg. 88, 28 (29)a ). acht mad ro bui ardur[c] no deiden dligid, 2363 ( Eg. 88 28 (29)b ). With other qualifiers: is e sin arrdarc ina meth, O'Curry 597 (H 3.18, 294) = ardrag, 1825 ( 23 Q 6 47 a ). anadh dechmaide air . . . im crich, ┐ ardrac (sic) muige do isin crich tall . . . la taeb na dechmaide `extension of time granted on basis of distance' (Plummer MS notes), Laws i 192.21 Comm. = a.¤ muigh, O'D. 86 (H 3.17, 73). ni fil a.¤ taiscedh a taiti set there is no request to restore his stolen `sets' (?), Laws ii 88.21 Comm. ? airecht fodesin . . . ard arcan imodtoisi, ZCP xii 360.9 . See aurderg.

1 ben

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ben or dil.ie/5644
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: bean, bean, bein, mnái, mna, mnāi, mnai, mná, mnaa, bein, mnáoi, mná, mnaa, mná, mn, mban, ban, mnaibh, mnáib, mnaib, mnaaib, mnaibh, mhnaoi, mnai, ban-, banab, -aigne, -airchinnech

n ā, f. GOI §§ 190 , 291 , Lohmann ZCP xix 63. bean aithnidh, f., IGT Decl. § 170. See also Ériu xvii 108.

I

(a) woman : n s. in b.¤ , Wb. 11c14 , Imr. Brain 1 , PH 5720. bean, CCath. 1140. in bhean, Duan. F. ii 130 § 23. v s. a b.¤ , LU 3420 ( SCC 19 ). a s. bein ( KZ xlviii 65 ), Laws ii 382.15 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 § 23 ), Metr. Dinds. iv 178.w (: Celetir), Ériu vi 136.78 , Auraic. 1835. mnái gl. mulierem, Wb. 10a10 , Imr. Brain 2 , CCath. 1141. mna, Críth G. 125 , mnāi, ACL iii 308.13 , mnai, Trip. 86.24 . g s. mná, Críth G. 124 , Imr. Brain 26 , PH 857. mnaa, LL 7558 , TSh. 5773. d s. bein, Auraic. 1833 , 5020 . mnáoi, Mon. Tall. 143.10 . n pl. mná (monosyll.), Imr. Brain 41. mnaa (monosyll.), LL 44. mná, TSh. 5718. a pl. mn, LU 8265 ( FB 21 ). g pl. mban gl. mulieres, Wb. 22c10 . ban, Ml. 65c16 . d pl. `somet. disyllabic in verse,' GOI § 291 , mnaibh (disyll.), Blathm. 586. mnáib, LU 3266 ( SCC 6 ), RC xiii 36 § 2. mnaib (monosyll.), LU 3950 ( SCC 44 ). mnaaib, LL 2919. mnaibh, ZCP xvi 225.4 . n du. dī mnái, Cáin Ad. 25. dá mhnaoi , Dán Dé iii 15 . di mnai dec, BCrólige 32 .

As dist. from a virgin: ni finntar in b.¤ fa nac si, Ir. Recht 5 § 3 . femen . . . .i. femur .i. sliasat, air is and is b.¤-si intan fognaithir dia sliasait, Auraic. 609. Of a bird: ben a lleinn co londath, Murphy Lyrics 10 § 10 , Ériu xxii 51 .

(b) With following defining word. With adj.: b.¤ gáelmar, see gáelmar. b.¤ uasal `a lady', BNnÉ 121 § 56 . With part. b.¤ pósta. With gen. of definition or description: b.¤ áirge woman of the milking place, dairymaid : in b.¤ airge, Ir. Recht 9 § 11. b.¤ aititen, see aititiu. b.¤ chengail wife: nach béidh fear ’gā mhnaoi cheangail, Celtica iv 109 § 10 . b.¤ crislaig: is i in b.¤ c. .i. is le fein in coimpert sin (lit.) woman of the womb, Laws v 202.13 Comm. See crislach. b.¤ chraí (chruí) the wife of a deceased relative; a forbidden woman: nír ben chrábaid ach ben chraí `not a holy wife but an unlawful one´ Celtica x 105 § 3 . ’na grádaig mnaí craí ná col `do not love a woman forbidden to you´ 105 § 5 . ro bui inna mnoí crui, icá derbrathair … conid hi sin cetben crui ro hincrechadh riamh, 111 (King’s Inns MS. 10) . ar a bith ben crui .i. oca derbrathair, ibid. (NLS MS. 72.1.5) . b.¤ chuil (cholach) : ’na grádaig mnaí craí ná col `do not love a woman forbidden to you´ Celtica x 105 § 5 . dā ccionntuighthea ré mnaoi chuil, Mac Aingil 3002 . ben chuil 'concubine', PH 867 . mna cúil ┐ cairdeasa dionnarbhadh ó fheraibh 'to put away concubines and lemans from men', AFM ii 1100z (s.a. 1152) . mnai cuínnceda betrothed woman, BB 442b4 . an bhean chuinghedha, IGT Decl. ex. 1198. b.¤ ḟir married woman: fóemad serce a mban fer, Ériu lix 70 . b.¤ ḟúataig an abducted woman (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 90 ). b.¤ gáeil kins-woman : is í a b.¤ gáeil fen phósas, PH 7790. See 1 gáel. b.¤ grésa embroidress : coeca ban [n]gressa is ferr bói a nEirinn `sempstress' (Gloss.), Acall. 5537. See 1 grés. b.¤ imtha see immad. b.¤ oéntama single, unmarried woman (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 107.10 ). slān slithi mnā oēntama `immunity for overcoming a single woman by stealth' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 107.13 ), ZCP xv 351 § 40. See oentam, 1 oentama. b.¤ síde, see 1 síd. b.¤ tanaisi lanamnusa `second [subordinate] woman of union', BCrólige 56 . ag mnaoi Mháighe by the lady of the Maigue, DDána 99.37 .

(c) In g s. with prec. noun female, -ess, etc.: aoighe mná nách mair a fear `a stranger woman', TD 11.32 . dalta mna `a foster-daughter', BNnÉ 120.16 . Bóann, fāigh mnā prophetess, ZCP xiii 166.9 . ni thaghuill b.¤ no leanobh og mna a reileg `no woman or young female child', Mart. Don. 400.25 .

II wife : mo bensa `my wife', Sg. 61b14 . Tea b.¤ Ermoin meic Milid, Thes. ii 314.24 . leth díri cach gráid túaithe fora mnaí, Críth G. 125. cetharda[e] ndíllat(a) leis ┐ a ben `he and his wife have' (note), 199 . orca[e] lia be[i]n, 408 . coblaith dia mnai fri bein in rig equal rank with the king's wife for his wife, Ériu vi 136.14 . b.¤ dagḟir, LL 7554. ro theacht mhnaoi a dhingbhāla `he had a worthy wife', Fl. Earls 132.22 . tré mhnaoi Thighearnáin Uí Ruairc do bhreith leis, TSh. 5471.

Compds. ban- is the normal composition form (for gender of compds. see GOI § 254 , O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 16 ff.). When prefixed to a noun (1) denoting a male person or animal it makes a corresponding female form; (2) it has adj. force and means female, pertaining to a woman .

With nouns. ¤abb abbess : banab gl. abatissa, Ir. Gl. 22. Finnguala . . . banab Chille Craebnat, Ann. Conn. 1301.2 . banab m., IGT Decl. § 21 , g s. an banabadh, ex. 788 . mar bhanabaidh ndlighthigh `Abbesse', RSClára 98a . ¤accaid (see aiccid) female tenant, farmer : (contemptuously of Medb) cid ra mer in cali ┐ in b.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1934. ? ¤aicde woman's handiwork : ar cirtha adbullom banaicdigh, Laws ii 394.10 Comm. banaicidh (but leg. -aicdi, Stud. in E. Ir. Law, 35.1) uaidhsiumh `feminine implements' (supplied by her husband to the woman worker described as a beccdéntaid), Laws ii 410.22 Comm. ¤aiced (collect. cf. prec.) woman's implements, tools : comad urlam a frichnam ac ban-aicidhibh, O'Curry 661 (H.3.18, 323). ¤aided woman's death (i.e. in child-birth): cen mna décaib de banaidid, Dinds. 161. -aigne female advocate: mar bhanaighne is ort anaim, PBocht 14.36 . -airchinnech female erenagh ; abbess : b.¤ gl. antesta, antestita, Sg. 66a17 . tanic an banairchindeach do béin cluig, YBL 1a19 . co banairchinnig Lainne, BColm. 26 § 28. b.¤ na hecalsa `prioress', Lism. L. 1436. ¤airfitech female musician : banairfidech Thíre Tairnngaire uli hí, Acall. 7205. ¤airle woman's counsel : Adham Samson Solum rí / romersat a mbanairlí, Ériu ii 229.9 . (in rhetoric) b.¤ betha (báetha, LU) nacha auchaide heed not the foolish words of women, TBC-I¹ 2092. ¤aite: ó bhanoide na gcuradh .i. Scáthach `instructress', Keat. ii 3390. ¤aitire: b.¤ tainic tar cend banbidbad (sic leg.) re laim a banfecheman and `a female surety', Laws i 148.24 Comm. apad naile ┐ anadh naile o ban etere for banbidhbaidh, O'Curry 988 (H. 3.18 424b) = Laws i 148.28 Comm. ¤ammait witch, hag (with magic power): robai banamaid i tig in rig . . . ┐ dobert a mathair Corc for faesam na hamaide, BB 251a35 . ¤amus woman-servant, female hireling: mad feramus nó b.¤ noda-mela (of grinding with a quern on Sunday), Ériu ii 204.22 . b., a folac a incaib maicc no celi `a hired woman', Ériu xii 85 § 4. mac banamsa, ZCP xvi 215.33 . rucus comaltar do banamuis, xv 310 § 6 . sóeramais ┐ banamais ic roind ┐ ic dáil dóib, Ériu iv 124.27 . ¤augra: máth b.¤ co sārtairbirt trī muilt ind `a fight among women', Cáin Ad. 44. ¤augtar: Bridhe banughdar, Keat. iii 498.

¤breth female judgment, judgment of (concerning ?) women: banbrethaib glossed bretha ban, O'Dav. 994. b.¤ briugu female briugu EIF 417 : batir banbrugaid sōn, Corm. Y 87.12 (§1018) . Becnait banbhrugaid ainm (na) mná maithe si, Acall. 1876 . ¤búachaill herdswoman: sech ba bard, ba b.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 22.20 .

¤cháem: banchōem de Alpa female noble, Celtica iii 182.3 . ¤chaingen female question, case: nocha n-ē an banc[h]aingen / berar ar cúl, ZCP viii 216.32 . ¤cháinte female satirist, lampooner: ba banchainte (viz. Lebarcham), IT i 71.12 ( LMU 6 ). cont-ric fri Richis mbancháinti, MU² 1029 ( LU 1528 ). a comlebaid na banchainti, Cóir Anm. 54. ¤chara woman friend: do uc Mane banscál n-alachtai b.¤ dó `a concubine of his', Trip. 86.19 . b.¤ in dorchaduis (= amica tenebrarum, ed.), Aisl. Tond. 95 § 2. bretha in mac . . . cúa bancharait, LU 1663 ( RC ix 454.10 ). ¤chath: conid b.¤ Rochada insin `Rochad's Woman-fight' (Faraday), LU 5945 ( bān-, TBC-I¹ 1479 ). ¤chéile female companion, mate, wife: a bancheli díngbala diabuil, PH 8175. as i fa banchele dó .i. Eithne Taebhḟada his wife (of a king), Ériu iii 150 § 1. ¤chenn female ruler: (of B.V.M.) tú bain-cheann brogha nimhe, A. Ó Dálaigh xi 5. ¤chimbid female captive: co mbanchimidh lais i n-ergabhail, Anecd. ii 12.15 . ¤chlíamain female relative-in-law: a bhainchlíamhuin Sárai bean a mhic Abram = daughter in law, Gen. xi 31. go ma malluigh an té luighios léna bhainchlíamhuin = mother in law, Deuteronomy xxvii 23. ¤choairt female land-holder: b.¤ mnā, ZCP vii 300.2 . ¤choic female cook: bancoig gl. presena (sic), Ir. Gl. 247. atgnīed cach b.¤ dībh a būaraigh, ZCP vii 300.9 . ¤choimdiu female ruler, mistress, lady: inna banchoimded gl. dominatricis, Ml. 84c4 . isin banchoimdid gl. in domina, 129c7 . ¤choimétaid ( ¤aige) female guardian, custodian: a bhuime ┐ a bhancoimedaidhe, BNnÉ 192 § 9.5 . banchoimedaith do chiraib ┐ do clioirib `keeper of . . . combs and caskets', Dinds. 80. See banchola. ¤chomairlid female adviser; woman councillor: banflatha ┐ banchomairlighe, Anecd. ii 64.7 . ¤chomarba heiress (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 103 f .) glossing be togai: .i. b.¤ las-mbi fer for bantinchur, Ir. Recht 8 § 9. female coarb, successor (as head of religious community): bancomurba Brighdi, RC xviii 31.30 . ¤chorr female heron: in b.¤ , Triads 237 . ¤chró: lánéraic a mb.¤ of their female stock, Cáin Ad. 29. ¤chú bitch: ba banc[h]ú tra in t-orci ┐ ba torrach, Corm. Y 883.39 . b.¤chuire woman-troop: cichit biet b.¤chuire, Études Celt. xv 539 . ¤chumal bondwoman: b.¤ dit muntir atamchomnaic, LL 7749 ( TBC-LL¹ 219 ). ro gonais cride . . . do banchumale fen, LB 233a58 .

¤dálem waitress: b.¤ gl. caupona, Sg. 63a3 (see Études Celt. xi 128 ). ¤dalta: ónmid b.¤ doib a female ward, ZCP viii 308.31 . ¤dechon see dechon. ¤día goddess: Brigit . . . bandēa no adratis filid . . . eam deam uocant poetarum , Corm. Y 150. bándǽ iffirnn gl. Parcas, Sg. 53b1 . Ceres bandea hetho, 60a4 . bandia Cimodocia `the goddess Cymodoce', Aen. 2410. a meic na baindea, 2411 . ¤deiscipul female disciple: doronai Patraic combo bandescipul dó, Trip. 178.11 . ¤delb: nói mbain-delba (-delbda, (mná) remhra, v.ll.) dluth-chóema `nine female forms', Metr. Dinds. ii 28.4 . ¤deoraid woman-stranger, woman outsider: cumad miach sliged do bandeoraidh, Laws ii 390.26 Comm . Fig. (of a flag) bratach mheic éachtaigh Eoghain / minic bhíos n-a baindeoraidh, DDána 85.7 . ¤dialt feminine declension, Auraic. 1830. ¤druí druidess; female skilled in magic arts: tri ferdruid ┐ tri bandrúid, TBC-LL¹ 2402 = dī (leg. tri) drúid insin ┐ a teóra mná, TBC-I¹ 1767. bandrai ┐ bancumachtach mē, ZCP xii 252.14 . a mhaca na bandrúagh = of the sorceress, Isaiah lvii 3.

¤ech mare: (description of a camel) anmann iongantach . . . ionsamhail bhaineich, AFM iv 1080.11 . ¤echlach female horse-messenger: cuiris E. a baineachlach arcend Meadba co Cruachain `female messenger', Ériu ii 178.20 . ¤écht: ni dernnsat banechta ban `have never committed woman-slaughter', MR 212.9 . gan bainéacht do dhéanamh lé `not to slay a woman with it' (one of three `geasa' on a spear), Keat. ii 4389. ¤éices poetess: baneices, LL 1110. ¤én hen bird: ise in mintan cid banen (i.e. the word `mintan' is masc. though it denotes a female bird), Auraic. 541. ¤ernastaid female spouse, wife: (in spiritual sense of Christ and the Church) in fáilte fil do'nd ernastaid spirutalda i n-a mb.¤ , PH 3987. ba sí síur ind Oedha roba bainernustaidh don tí Niall `Hugh's sister was N.'s wife', Hugh Roe 252.2 . ¤esba woman's wantonness: condot ellat / eter briga banespa, LU 3525 ( SCC 28 ).

¤ḟáith, ¤ḟáid woman seer, prophetess: a Feidélm banḟaith co acci in slúag?, LU 4530 ( TBC-I¹ 43 ). Feidelm banḟáid . . . atamchomnaicse, LL 7750. M. bhanfháigh, Exodus xv 20. ¤ḟéinnid woman warrior, amazon: N. . . . ro bith and la hE. mbanfeinded `E. the championess', Dinds. 105. na banḟéndi, TTr.² 1698 . ¤ḟeis(s) see banais. ¤ḟigige woman weaver: bacan na bainfighidh, BNnÉ 191.4 . ¤ḟili poetess: Fedelm banfili do Chonnachtaib mo ainmsea, LU 4525 (TBC). Quies Huallaige . . . banḟile Herend, Ann. Inisf. 934. ¤ḟlaith princess, sovereign lady: banflaith .i. ben . . . amal Meidb Cruachna, Ir. Recht 4 § 1. iar nairdbiu inna banflatha sin gl. Athalia, `queen', Ml. 14a2 . ¤ḟuine baking, kneading done for a woman hence (in opp. to fer-ḟuine) baking of a smaller size, quantity or measure: ceitheora bairgena fichet do banfuine, ZCP xiv 356.7 .

¤gaiscedach female champion: banghaisgedach do mhuinn- tir Ghuill, ML² 412. ¤gal woman's feat of arms: b.¤ (sic leg., ed.) banuallach and-so ale, TBC-LL¹ 4312 ( LL 11116 ). ¤galgat female champion: for slicht na bangalgaite, Airne F. 29. ¤geis: nā gabaidh na baingesa let them not touch forbidden things (i.e. have dealings with a woman), ZCP xii 394.4 . ¤gíall female hostage: (of Mary) ba bangīall (sic leg.: Gabhrīal) Rīgh in rīchidh, ZCP viii 562 § 3. ¤glór: tuath-bhanglór tásclabartha troch `perverse woman-like talk', MR 294.21 . ¤gním: do chuaidh b.¤ tar fergním ag C. the action of a female overcame C.'s action of a male, Comp. CC 116.13 . With 1 grád female rank: teora cumhala cach bangradh do neach is ingen graidh sechta, O'D. 2397 ( Rawl. B 506, 49 ). With 2 grád love for a woman: laigi fri b.¤ , LU 3590 ( SCC 30 ). ¤grés woman's work, needlework; in comic name: Brecan mac Bangresa, Anecd. ii 55.15 . Cf. baingrésach, Acall. 5537 v.l. ¤Gúaire female counterpart of G.: a bhanGhuaire Chláir Chormaic, Dánta Gr. 16.24 .

¤impir empress: do chúala in bhainimpir sin .i. Saphia, ZCP xiii 181.27 . ¤inne women's mind, intuition (?): tic b.¤ don banmíl, LL 375a43 . ¤insce, ¤innsgne feminine gender: gach banindsci, Corm. Y 1219. ferinnsci ┐ banninsci (banindsge, 3024 YBL) . . . lasin nGaidel .i. mascul ┐ femen . . . lasin Laitneoir, Auraic. 521. gobhar gabhar . . . indscne bainindsci innta they take a feminine pronoun, IGT Decl. § 17.23 (usually contracted to b.¤ ).

¤ auspicious day for women: trí banlae: lúan, mairt, cétaín, Triads 216 . Cf. trí ferlae, 217 . ¤leiccerd, ¤lethcerd poetess (see leiccerd): Etan ingen Dīancēcht, banlethcerd ( bannlicerd, Corm. 37 ), Corm. Y 537 . Cf. -éices supra. do Sampait . . . buachail dī ┐ banlicerd isen, BB 393a46 ( Dinds. 86 ). Cf. (of S.) sech ba bard, ba ban-búachail, Metr. Dinds. iv 22.20 . co comfarnaic frie Gris banliccerd ingen Ricisi, BB 368a25 . ¤lennán mistress: at banlendan ┐ at menmarc fer n-domain uli, LU 8237 ( FB 18 ). a baínleandan ┐ a mnai cuínnceda, BB 442b4 . luidh i riocht bain-leandain Conoinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 82.6 . ¤léo, léoman lioness: banleu, Études Celt. xi 125. fer-léo ┐ bain-leo, BNnÉ 84 § 171 . dealbh bhainleomhain, Keat. iii 2002. ¤liaig woman physician, leech; A. b.¤ (daughter of Dian Cécht), LL 1110.

¤mac(c), ¤mac(c)án female infant, a girl-child (see O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 16 ff .): it brestai in bainmaicc `the woman-children', Fél. July 20 . intan asberar ise (= is é) in banmhac-sa (of a masc. noun used for a female), Auraic. 531. Lende banmac ben ba Tuathail / . . . / Báne a hainm, LL 4888. dia mbad missi in banmacan, / nocechrainn cach faelmacan, Auraic. 533 (= banmacam, 3163 ). ¤máer: banmhaor . . . ag tabach na cána soin seachnóin Éireann `a female steward', Keat. i 182.3 . ¤maigister: ingena . . . ┐ do bí banmaighister accu `a governess', Fier. 93. ¤mug bondwoman: cride . . . do ban- chumale fen ┐ do banmogad, LB 233a58 . caoca fermhogh ┐ caoca banmhogh, BS 104.31 .

¤náma(e) female enemy: bannamae gl. inimica, Ml. 26a4 . a bannámu diabuil, PH 8327. ¤noéb(-m) holy woman, female saint: sarucchadh na bannaoimhe, AFM v 1668.7 . ag naomh nó ag bannaomh, TSh. 1048.

¤óclach: go léigfeadh . . . gach uile dhuine a bhanóglach sáor = maidservant , Jeremiah xxxiv 9. amhail banóglaoich, Keat. ii 4699. ¤óg virgin , BNnÉ 189 § 38 . ro tuirn ar mullach cinn na banóighi 'alighted on top of the virgin's head', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 187 § 37 . do-ṡaoileadar . . . gur loisgeadh an banoigh ionrac, Ériu v 76.30 . tar an mbanoigh, 32 . ¤oígi: banoegi (banogi, MS.) `female guest', Sg. 66a15 . ¤othrus: annsom i mbrithemnacht otrusa la Fēne banotrus `nursing of women', BCrólige 30 .

¤rechtaire: rechtairi ┐ banrechtairi . . . ic dáil dóib side ` stewardesses ', Ériu iv 124.19 . dís bhanrachtaireadha `two dairymaids', ITS xvi 118.1 . ¤ríga(i)n queen: is si robad banrígan in chóicid uli, LU 8259 ( FB 20 ). inghean rígh thír na mbéo / is bainríoghain fós, Oss. iv 250.10 . ¤rígnacht queenship: b.¤ úas bantrocht, LU 8231 ( FB 17 ). ? ¤rothán: banrothan (: ¤ṡrothán ?) (name of a metrical stanza), IT iii 101 § 181. -rún: ni dat maithe banrúna, IT i 123.18 . ( TE 9 Eg.)

¤ṡáer: bansaer `a woman wright', BCrólige 32 . -ṡacart priestess: bansagart Iunaindi iside, Aen. 1673. ¤ṡégonn, ¤ṡégainn a distinguished, accomplished lady; consort of a ségainn: manad-fuil . . . nac mbainsedoind lib-si nad gubansedonn (Find asks Cormac for a bride), ZCP xiii 268.19 . cach rí cona rígain, . . . cach ségaind cona banshégaind, MU² 198 . ¤ṡéitig ( ¤ṡéitche) wife: is ecoir do sailisi misi d'fhaghail do bainseitci `as wife', ZCP vi 26.22 . ¤ṡelgaire huntress: i ndelb bansealgairi (viz. Venus), Aen. 293. ¤ṡenchas history, traditions of (celebrated) women: b., buidne, bága (recited at the Fair of Carmun), Metr. Dinds. iii 20.15 . bainṡenchas Erind anso siss, BB 282a11 (title. See RC xlvii 282 ). Leabhar Bainseanchuis, Keat. i 80.5 . ¤tṡeomratóir, ¤ṡeomróir female chamberlain: do goir cuice a bainseomróir (bantṡeomradoír, v.l.), Fier. 92. ¤ṡídaige female dweller in a síd, fairy woman: is é dochoid in n-ectra . . . re Náir b.¤ , LL 2898. conid si aided Moingfinde bansidaige `so this is the death of M. the Banshee', RC xxiv 178.18 . ¤ṡlecht: co hAth mbannslechta to the Ford of Woman-Slaughter, Ériu v 212 n. 92 - 96 .

¤tairchetlaid prophetess: bantaircetlaid Críst (said of St. Brigit), Lism. L. 1704 . ¤tairngertaid prophetess: is hī seo bantairrngertaig Chrīst, ZCP xii 293.31 . ¤tairismid: banterismid gl. obstetrix, Sg. 69a18 . bantairsi (leg. tairismidi?), Lism. L. 1201. ¤tellach: techta cach banteallaig `every woman's entry', Laws iv 8.22 . dethbir in baintellaigh ┐ in feartellaigh .i. anus dechmuide dfir anus cethruime do mnaoi, 14.22 Comm. ¤teolaid see teolaid. ¤tigerna lady; mistress; female ruler: b.¤ Clainni Connmaig re linn tri tigerna `Lady of Clanconway' (first as wife and then as Dowager, n. 3), Ann. Conn. 1411.30 . dobudh baintighearna dhó féin (the soul) that was his (i.e. the body's) own mistress, TSh. 9678. an sólās do bhí ar ar mbaintighearna ghlórmuir (viz. Muire), Parrth. Anma 3792. uinge dor ag an mBaintiagarnain . . . a neaghmais amantuir Tiarna; ┐ tri huinge san mbliaghain do chios Bantiarnain . . . a neaghmais, etc. `Lady's rent', Trans. RIA xv 43.z , 44.2 . ¤tinchor the property brought by a woman on marrying: fer for bantincur, Laws ii 356.7 . acht do bithsiu ar bantincur mnaa supported by a woman, LL 7558. ¤tindnacul = prec. ? fer ratchuir ar bantidnacul mna who has made you dependent on a woman's bounty, LL 12250 ( TBC-LL¹ 5998 ). ¤toísech: bantaisech ingenraid[e] na Cruachnai ` chieftainess ', Dinds. 80. ¤trebthach see baintrebthach. ¤túath: ag na bantuathaibh seo bhádar an dá ríoghdhámh `noble females', Keat. i 218.16 . ¤túathaid (supernatural) woman with magic power: ar ba cumachtach sidhe ┐ bantuathaíd cen bai a colaind, BB 264a7 ( SG 332.9 ). ¤tuilg (a d s.) applied (? only) to wife, consort of a briugu: (of Feast of Tara) ni teded dia hol . . . brudidh gin bantuilg leis, ZCP xiii 260.14 . briuga cin bantuilcc, 268.13 . cach briugu cona bantuilg each hospitaller with his consort, MU² 196.

¤úa female descendant: ag banua Iarla Uladh, DDána 99.10 . banua niece Plunkett s.v. neptis , Celtica xix 138 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤éccoscda of womanly kind, form: onni as feminina, femina .i. banda no banecoscda, Auraic. 612. ¤gnéthech(-ach): bangnethach no bangnimach `of womanly activities', Auraic. 612. ¤úallach: (of a woman's feat of arms) bangal (sic leg., ed.) banuallach and-so ale, TBC-LL¹ 4312 ( LL 11116 ). As subst. ¤áirgech milkmaid: an bhanairgheach, BS 177.27 . ar na cocairibh ┐ banairghibh `dairy-maids', Rule of Tallaght 8.12 . ¤bachlach gl. leno, Sg. 52a5 . pn As epithet: ¤Bretnach British woman, Anecd. iii 57.6 . ¤cháintech female satirist: bancháinteach Chonchubhair da ngairthí Leabharcham, Keat. ii 2952. ¤chumachtach woman possessing magic power: Cáoineocc ban-cumachtach sithe `a fairy witch', BNnÉ 151.33 . (epithet of Venus) imthusa Beniri banchumachtaighi, TTebe 1046 . ¤grésach (1 grés): baingrésach, Acall. 5537 v.l. ¤Laignech Leinster-woman: ropo beoda in b.¤ , Rawl. 87a35 . ¤túaithech witch, wise woman: bantuathecha (sic, bantuatha, banthuach, v.ll.) Tuathe de Danand, LL 16545. woman of Túatha Dé Danand: .iii. híngeana Earnmhais na banthuathaíghe, BB 33a38 . Be Chuille ┐ Dianand na dí bantuathig, LL 1112. Badb ┐ Macha ┐ Anand . . . tri ingena Ernbais na bantuathige, 1121 . female chief: ionann . . . tuathach ┐ tighearna . . . do beirthear dá bhantuathaigh ar Bheuchuill ┐ ar Dhanainn, do bhí 'na mbaintighearnaibh aca, Keat. i 214.25 .

Rarely with form ben-. ¤Ebrach: mas eabhrach nó air beineabhrach = Hebrewess, Jeremiah xxxiv 9. ¤gág wrinkled woman, hag: a bh.¤ , BS 86.28 . ¤geilt madwoman: co ttarla bengheilt dó ann, BS 108.6 . ¤impire empress: Henri mac na Beinimpire, Mart. Don. xxix 29.

See banais, banaltra, bantrocht, banscál.

clé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clé or dil.ie/9397
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: clí, clé, clii, clí, clé, clí, chlīu, chlí, cléa, cléi

adj io, iā. lámh chlé . . . (lámh chlí lochtach), IGT Decl. § 139 . n s. f. lám chlíí, PH 5950 . a s f. clí, 523 . g s m. in chatha clé , LL 364 . g s f. a lama clii , Laws v 80.3 Comm. do riged clí , TBC-LL¹ 46 . na righedh clé , Stair Erc. 352 . láime clí , IGT Decl. ex. 1933 . d s m. for clār chlīu , Corp. Gen. 281.12 . d s f. for laim chlí , Thes. ii 13.31 ( BCr. 19c3 ). n pl. a llamha cléa , CCath. 6140 . d pl. ina lámaib cléi , TFerbe 237 . See GOI p. 61 .

I

(a) left : cle gl. sinister , Ir. Gl. 387 . clē a clypeo (, clepio MS.), Corm. Y 225 . clae a clepio , O'Mulc. 215 . maraid slicht inna bachla in a leith clíu, Lat. Lives 52.8 . cepp ina láim chlí . . . bíail ina láim deis, LU 9190 ( FB 91 ). dofil in carpat . . . ┐ dorala clār clē frind (an insult or challenge), TBC-I¹ 1192 ( LU 5668 ). tossoísom iarom clár c.¤ a carpait fri hEmain, LU 5194 (TBC). ardaslig tar fonnad c.¤ / cotagoin in ríastarthe, 4574 (TBC). tuc-sam a glun c.¤ rissin carpat, Acall. 6940 . colg dét iarna chossliasait chlí, TBC-LL¹ 5288 . tuc a ulli ch.¤ fáe i Taltin (implication not clear), 4641 . tonindnaig ind ammait leithi in chon dó assa laim chlí (to bring misfortune upon him), LL 13890 . dul ar an dtaoibh gc.¤ `to be condemned on the Day of Judgment', Dánfhocail 48 . docomhlat as . . . laimh clí frisan loch, Hugh Roe² 64.9 ( láimh clé, 60.29 ). beannacht na láimhe clí do M., TSh. 9909 (regarded as less efficacious than beannacht na láimhe deise, 9908 ). ar an láimh ndeis ná ar a' láimh cclí, Párl. na mB. 2041 .

(b) Fig. malign, inauspicious, ill-omened, sinister; bad, perverse: c.¤ .i. cláon, O'Cl. da ainm don chlaoine colaigh / `ciol' is `cle', Metr. Gl. 28 § 41 . a ḟlaith Cermna can ni c.¤ `without partiality', LL 23250 ( CRR 54 ). aided ind Ḟind chétna ch.¤ / la Sétna perverse(?), LL 14931 . luid uadib cen chísal c.¤ / co tísad afrithise `without wrongful offence(?)', Metr. Dinds. ii 28.39 . robo c.¤ mana in marc-ṡluag `that array of steeds was an evil omen', iv 128.68 . Hence: c.¤ .i. olc. c.¤ mhana .i. olc, urchóid no adgall, O'Cl. (who seems to regard it as a compd but mana: braga). Cf. cle is mana fort a Chithruadh, BLism. 1731b17 . beith 'ga cāi robad clē dam, / ō do bī toil Dē 'na dul I should do wrong to mourn him, ZCP vii 303 § 6 . cathugud ceilgi as clē dūind / ┐ mē fa meirgi in Rīg, ACL iii 237 § 30 (`dangerous', Aithd. D. 62 ). iarsin curp cle-su `after this wayward body', Ériu xix 12 § 6 . do chath-cliu na Conallach, MR 188.8 . fa taom c.¤ anadh re hágh `a perilous act', Celtica ii 169 § 48 . acsin [saer]chlanna Dairi / ní comhairemh c.¤ no wrong estimation(?), Miscell. Celt. Soc. 32.9 . sén Dé duit is dúin-ne / ní c.¤ duit ar nduain-ne not inauspicious (inaugural ode to chief), Caithr. Thoirdh. 31.22 . don phubal is c.¤ do chosc / an té thugadh dá tegusc, IGT Decl. ex. 737 . gidh c.¤ an chúis laghaidh tho' the case for pardon is unfortunate, 20 . an chuideachta ch.¤ `evil com- panions', Aithd. D. 52.9 . gér thréan do ba taom c.¤ an ill-starred effort, 17.33 . an chraobh nachar ch.¤ mbreath `the straight-judging hero', 30 . go fail blodh dib co soirb imcubaid da dainib maithi ┐ blodh co doirb cle . . . da drochdainib inauspicious, Ir. Astr. Tr. 70.14 . modha claona an chreidimh ch.¤ , Keat. Poems 1266 . measuim gur c.¤ an ceart d'áoneach . . . , Párl. na mB. 3683 .

Freq. in chevilles: tuitset na cróeba, nár ch.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 148.7 . Tea, nar ch.¤ / ben Erimóin `never unjust', i 4.31 . Cf. Fen. 54.1 . seólsat curchán, créd nad c.¤ `of flawless metal', Metr. Dinds. ii 30.65 . nī clē, RC xxxvii 347 § 39 . clu nad ch.¤ , xx 44.5 (ACC Comm.). nochar chaingen c.¤ , Mart. Don. 162.11 . ní hiúl c.¤ `'tis no erroneous report', SGS iv 144 § 29 .

II As subst.

(a) left side, left hand : a c.¤ ra Berna M. . . . a ndes ri Slíab nÉ., MU² 262 . ro impa in t-ech a ch.¤ friss, LL 13814 . cf. 13818 . co tuc a c[h]. re Coill Ruaidh, ML² 2066 . na findad do ch.¤ a n-a díngne do deis, PH 6081 .

for (ar) clíu on the left side : claideb . . . bar a chlíu, TBC-LL¹ 2737 . beir mo scíath . . . / . . . / co rraib ar cliu Chormaic Cais, LL 18383 . craeba cailce for a clīu (of a shield), ZCP viii 227 § 1 . sciath mor . . . ar cli cach oen ḟir, Cog. 74.17 .

by the left side, to the left expressed by dat. without prec. prep.: nī rubai neach diib clīu do Āth Firdiad, TBC-I¹ 3429 ; but more frequently by do chlíu: atconnairc M. . . . foscud salach dorcha dia chlíí, Lat. Lives 93.9 . Medb . . . do chlí Ailella, LL 7871 (TBC). suidid airdrī Ailig / dia c[h]liu, ZCP viii 108.5 . Brigit form deis . . . / Colum do chlíu, LL 4817 . latrand dia deis .i. D. . . . ┐ latrand dia clíí .i. G., PH 3326 . dorat sé bualadh . . . forra dia dheis ┐ dia clí, Stair Erc. 475 . cláona as an slíghe dár ndeis nó dár cclí, Párl. na mB. 4061 . Somet. also by for clíu: forud a rig for deis ri[g] Carmun: forud ri[g] Hua Failge fora clíu, Dinds. 18 . leoghan fora dheis ┐ alaile fora clí, Stair Erc. 400 . Cf. also: do Ṡean-ghoill fein ar clé ag cruadh-ghol `on the left i.e. neglected', Keat. Poems 1383 .

(a 2) (the) north : túath in chlé 'the Northern tribe' Ériu xxiv 27 . Cf. 1 fochla.

(b) Fig. ill-luck : ort do ch.¤ ┐ do chol dúabhais (an imprecation), RC xxix 116 § 11 . 146 § 70 . Cf. 132 § 45 . fuair sé a dhódh ar c.¤ his trouble went for nothing(?), Measgra D. 8.27 .

Compds. With noun. siol gCárthaich nach ndeárnaidh clé-beart evil deed , Hard. ii 334.1 . ic tabairt a bossi deis[e] fria gin fodén, ┐ a chléboss fria gin Cathail left palm of the hand, MacCongl. 103.15 . ar cle-corpaib na curadh on the left sides, CCath. 5450 . a deiscin tar clegualainn [oc toidecht uaithi] (one of the gesa of Tailtiu), Dinds. 99 . don ḟir cuil dobo cléguin `an unjust wound', Ériu iv 112 § 2 . gabais a chúach na chleláim, LL 4573 . go bhfuil clélámh an chéle nemhdha fá bhar ccenn, RSClára f. 51a . ar folāiremh aingil na clēláimhe `the devil', Fl. Earls 50.15 . dīrgit a gcūrsa clēlāimh re Tīr C. on the right of, 8.y . clēlāmh re fairrgi, 108.10 . na cáde cen cléréim `evil course', Gorm. May 24 . Nov. 24 .

With adj. ? recoecha uile comtar tuath coecha (.i. láncacha no clécacha blind in the left eye), Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 15.18 ; 'malign, inauspicious, ill-omened, sinister; bad perverse' CMCS xliii 9 .

con-icc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-icc or dil.ie/12189
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: conicimm, conicim, -cumhgaim, -cuimcim, cotnici, connice, conici(d), connice, -chumci, -cumgai, conicc, connic, cunic, conicc, cotdicc, condric, darric, -cumuing, -cumaing, -cuming, -cumaic, -cumaicc, -chumic, -chumcam, -cumcem, conicid, -cumcaid, -cumcid, conecat, cotecat, connecait, -cumcat, -chumgat, -cumget, conecar, -cumacar, -cumangar, -cumangair, coniced, -cúmcad, -cuimgedh, -cumgaitis, -chumcaitis, -cuimgidis, condníis, connisor, -coemos, choníis, chonis, -chaemais, -chuimser, -caemais, con, -cumai, -cum, -chom, -caem, conidistar, -coimastar, -coemnustar, -choimsithar, -caomnais, caemhnas, conisamar, choníssid, conísat, -cumset, -cúm[s ?]at, -coemsat, -cœmset, -chaemsat, chotíssind, -cuimsin, -caemsaind, -choemsaind, conísed, connisad, -cuimsed, -cóemsad, -choemnacair, -ccaomhsadh, -cæmnasad, -caomnaistea, chotísmis, -cuimsimmis, -caemsimmis, -coemsamuis, chonísti, connistais, -choemsaitis, -choemstais, -ccaomtais, -chaemsadis, con-icub, conniciub, -cumgub, conicbe, cotniocfa, conicfa, -chumgaba, conn icfidear, conicfam, conicfid, conicfed, cotnicfat, -cumgabat, conicfed, cunicbad, conícfad, -cumcaibed, conicfimmis, connicfaitis, con-icf(a)itis, connicfitis, cotaneccar, conanacur, -coemnacar, -coemnacair, co-t-ánic, conánic, conrainig, -chaemnaic, condnanacair, conranagair, -choimnucuir, -coimnacuir, -coemnacar, -chaemnaic, conrancus, -caemnas, -coemnus, -caemnacair, -coemnacair, -caemnacair, -coimnacmar, -coimnacaid, -coemnacabar, con-áncatar, conangatar, conrangatar, -coimnactar, -comnactar, -cæmnachtar, -caomhnagatar, -chuma(i)ng, -chumngaim, chuingess, -cuingebtais, -comdaighdur, -conicab, -conice, -coni[c ?]satt, -chōem, -caomain, -chaomhsat, cumang

v ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 554 ). On -aing and coím- in prot. forms see Ped. loc. cit., Pokorny, ZCP xiii 109.10 , GOI 354 , 425 . Indic. pres. 1 s. conicimm, Wb. 20d6 . conicim, Thes. i 498.11 (Ardm.). -cumcu, Ml. 18b5 . -cumhgaim, Blathm. 148 . -cuimcim, RC iii 345.21 . 2 s. cotnici, LU 6381 . connice, PH 1181 . conici(d), RC xii 88 § 98 . connice, PH 1181 . -chumci, LU 5166 . -cuimgi, RC xii 104 § 153 . -cumgai, BDD² 767 . 3 s. conicc, Wb. 4b11 . connic, Ml. 24d14 . cunic, 74b14 . conicc, Sg. 27a18 . cotdicc, Wb. 5b40 . ? condric, LU 5165 = darric, TBC-I¹ 683 . -cumuing, Wb. 9d16 . -cumaing, 11b9 . -cuming, Thes. ii 6.31 . -cumaic, ZCP viii 308.21 . -cumaicc, RC xii 104 § 52 . -chumic, Ériu vii 142 § 15 . 1 p. -chumcam, Wb. 4a27 . -cumcem, RC iii 346.2 . 2 p. conicid, Fél. Ep. 381 . -cumcaid, LU 7156 . -cumcid, 7173 . 3 p. conecat, Sg. 32b14 . cotecat, 173b4 . connecait, Laws i 242.21 Comm. -cumcat, Ml. 23a5 . -chumgat, 56c7 . -cumget, 112b16 . Pass. s. conecar, PH 3038 . -cumacar, Todd Nenn. 216.9 . -cumangar, LU 6518 . -cumangair, YBL 138b6 .

Impf. 3 s. coniced, RC ii 398.11 . -cúmcad, PH 1320 . -cuimgedh, Celtica iv 30.430 . 3 p. -cumgaitis, Ml. 102a9 . -chumcaitis, LU 4986 . -cuimgidis, CCath. 2005 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. condníis, SR 1874 . connisor, TBC-I¹ 3529 . -coemos, Anecd. iii 73.19 . 2 s. choníis, Wb. 10a21 . chonis, RC xii 104 § 153 . -chaemais (as fut.), LU 207 . -chuimser, Anecd. iii 57.19 . -caemais, RC x 84.2 , Anecd. i 72 . 3 s. con, Sg. 25b14 . -cumai, -cum, Ml. 31c19 , 32d15b , 87d13 , 129b6 (-cu[m]). -chom, 53a5 . -caem, Laws ii 302.9 Comm. As depon.: conidistar, Ériu vii 140.21 . -coimastar, ii 138 § 127 (parsing uncertain). Pass. -coemnustar, RC ii 400 § 42 (appar. in fut. sense). -choimsithar, BB 210b6 (= caemnagair, Todd Nenn. 92.4 ). ? -caomnais, O'Curry 1167 ( H 3.18, 463b ) = caemhnas, O'D. 2322 ( Rawl. B 506, 33d ) (parsing uncertain). 1 p. conisamar, IT ii2 228.7 (as fut.). 2 p. choníssid, Fél. Ep. 393 . 3 p. conísat see OIPG 99 . -cumset, Ml. 39c26 . -cúm[s ?]at, PH 1131 . -coemsat, Alex. 93 . -cœmset (as fut.), ZCP v 498.23 . -chaemsat (as fut.), SG 329.20 . Atlantis iii 400.15 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. chotíssind, Fraech 148 . -cuimsin, Wb. 17b1 . -caemsaind, MR 42.16 . -choemsaind (as condit.), Fen. 308.5 . 3 s. conísed, LU 7110 . connisad, MacCarthy 42.28 . -cuimsed see OIPG 100 . -cóemsad, Goid. 94.3 . MacCarthy 62.5 (as condit.) = -choemnacair, SR 1514 . -ccaomhsadh, AFM v 1552.7 . -cæmnasad (-coemhsatt, v.l.,), Ériu ii 178.16 . Pass. -caomnaistea, Laws ii 208.26 Comm. 1 p. chotísmis, Wb. 25a1 . -cuimsimmis, 17c18 . -caemsimmis, LL 28126 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 346.z .). -coemsamuis, RC iii 346.9 . v 199 § 9 (as condit. ). 3 p. chonísti, Sg. 138a9 . connistais, Rawl. B 512, 72c (Plummer MS. notes). conistais, ZCP xxx 62. 1099 . -choemsaitis, SR 519 . -choemstais (metri gratia), 932 . -ccaomtais, ZCP xiv 256.17 . -chaemsadis (as condit. ), YBL 326a10 .

Fut. 1 s. con-icub, Wb. 32a20 . conniciub, PH 1553 . -cumgub, Ml. 49c5 . 2 s. conicbe see OIPG 100 . cotniocfa, TFrag. 208.16 . 3 s. conicfa, BColm. 72.21 . -chumgaba, Ériu vi 148.52 . Pass. conn icfidear, Todd Nenn. 92.10 . 1 p. conicfam see OIPG 100 . 2 p. conicfid, Wb. 13a10 . conicfed, 13 (see notes). cotnicfaiti, CCath. 2412 . 3 p. cotnicfat, CCath. 635 . -cumgabat, Ml. 54a19 .

Condit. 3 s. conicfed, Ml. 14a6 . cunicbad, Laws iii 270.x Comm. conícfad, RC ii 400 § 42 . -cumcaibed, Ml. 42a32 . 1 p. conicfimmis, Wb. 17a10 . 3 p. connicfaitis, Goid. 69.1 . con-icf(a)itis see OIPG 100 . connicfitis, PH 2044 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. cotaneccar, Wb. 14c40 . 2 s. conanacur, PH 1754 . -coemnacar, LU 6381 , LL 9640 . -coemnacair, PH 1754 . 3 s. co-t-ánic, Wb. 8a14 . conánic (sic leg.), TTr.² 748 . conrainig, Ériu xvii 72.7 . -chaemnaic, LL 9031 (TBC). con-anacuir, Ml. 119d7 . condnanacair, SR 2798 . conranagair, AFM v 1356.6 . -choimnucuir, Wb. 19c10 . -coimnacuir, Ml. 116c5 . -coemnacar, PH 6306 . -chaemnaic, TBC-LL¹ 763 . Pass. conrancus, LB 141b48 . -caemnas, Laws iii 286.20 Comm. -coemnus, Anecd. iii 33.12 . -caemnacair, BNnÉ 93 § 206 . ? -coemnacair, PH 3861 . -caemnacair, RC xviii 155.19 . 1 p. -coimnacmar, Ml. 53b9 . 2 p. -coimnacaid, Wb. 9b10 . -coemnacabar, PH 3051 . 3 p. con-áncatar see OIPG 101 . conangatar, Leb. Gab.(i) 236.11 . conrangatar, Hugh Roe² 18.3 . -coimnactar, Ml. 76a5 . -comnactar, 7 . -cæmnachtar, Auraic. 1077 . -caomhnagatar, Hugh Roe² 126.8 .

Later as simple vb. with stem cu(i)mg-, cu(i)mc-, comg- (with indic. pres. and pret. 3 s. -chuma(i)ng). Note also -chumngaim, Lism. L. 1412 . chuingess (rel.), MacCongl. 113.12 . -cuingebtais, CCath. 2409 (-coemtais, v.l.). -comdaighdur, Fier. 195 (-chuimgedur, v.l.).

With generalized stem conic-: -conicab, RC iii 345.27 . -conice (pret. 3 s.), Aisl. Tond. 95.1 . -coni[c ?]satt, 96.12 ( -coniccsid, 16 ). Cf. in fhairind conicsat áine do denam, PH 4984 .

With cáem(n)-: -chōem (pret. 3 s.), MacCongl. 105.5 . -caomain, Aisl. Tond. 107.15 . -chaomhsat, Fl. Earls 154.8 . BNnÉ 298 § 40 .

IGT Verbs § 53 .

Vn. cumang.

Can, is able.

1 Gl. Lat. possum, Ml. 32d15b , 49c5 , 54b12 , 119d7 , 129b6 ; with neg. gl. nequeo, 31c19 , 41d15 , 42c32 . Cf. coni coimnacuir gl. nullus quiuerit, Ml. 116c5 .

2 With conjunctions, superlatives, etc. as best one can, to the best of one's ability, etc.: amal connicfitis `according to their ability', PH 332 . amail conidistar a nert, Ériu vii 140.21 . amail con-icfed de `according as he might', Grail 1800 . amail as déne conrangatar as fast as they could, Hugh Roe² 14.12 . do recclamaitt an lion as lia conangatar ina naghaidh as many as they could, Leb. Gab.(i) 236.11 .

3 With nas. rel. clause: con-nic do-mberthar forcell din titul `a testimony may be given', Ml. 24d14 . conicfid-si bede preceptori `ye will . . . be able to be', Wb. 13a10 . conicc bes ṅ dobriathar, Sg. 27a18 . nád chumaing aranísar and `which cannot be found there', 209b13 . connachcæmnacair anmanna de duine nā chethir ronucad a ainech secha not a living thing . . . could put its head past him, TBC-I¹ 1744 . With co: ni chumcaimm co ro-imgaiber, PH 6558 . co cæmnachtar co regdar = produci possunt, Auraic. 1077 .

4 With noun object: intan nad coimnactar-som in peccad `when they were incapable of', Ml. 76a5 . conecat a trede-sin `they can be these three things', Sg. 33a12 . mad meise conísed mo chomairle (see comairle), BDD² 708 . ní cumgat góa baa i cathroí falsehoods are ineffectual, ZCP xi 83 § 30 . is bec condnanacair forcetul is of little avail, PH 5743 . nī fuil nōeb connī a airde / co tī in Coimdiu no saint is as exalted as he (Patrick), ACL iii 303 § 3 . nach cumaghaim poinn, Ó Bruad. ii 168.24 .

5 With accus. has power over, controls, is master of: isé conic bas ┐ bethaith, Thes. i 4.29 . dot mhac . . . / con-ic na ceithri raithiu, Blathm. 226 . a rí conic aiṅgliu, Fél. Prol. 7 . ōenrī bethad . . . / con-ic sāegulrith cac[h] ōen `who determines', Ériu xvii 40 § 17 . creit dom thigerna-sa conneoch connis maroen frit those under your control, LB 159b13 .

6 In fig. etymol.: cia cumagg conanocair `what power he could wield', RC xii 82 § 79 . nach cumang conisamar, IT ii2 228.7 .

7 With 1 ní (see Duan. F. iii 249 ): intan nad cumgat a namait ni `can do nothing', Ml. 107a8 . nī coemhnagair nī nothing was accomplished, ACL iii 309.21 . ní cumcat ni la mac nDé are powerless (of earthly kings), LU 9457 . ní cumangar ní sech Dhia, Anecd. ii 15.x . With DO, DI: ní chumgaimm ní duit I can do nothing for you, Fraech 148 . ni chumaing ni damsa monuar, RC xxvi 364.8 . More usu. the prep. introduces dativus incommodi and meaning is makes an impression on, copes with, hence v. freq. injures, harms: ni chumgaim-sí am ni de I can't help that, ZCP xxvii 40.12 . dia cuimgi ní di `if thou canst answer any of it' (a question), Stair Erc. 1307 . conach cumgadais suile daine ni dho ina dechain could make nothing of it(?) (a garment), ZCP viii 539.8 . nara chumaing C. ní dóib acht in phelait . . . d'fhácbáil leo could do nothing with them (warriors), MU² 163 . cia con-icc ní dúun gl. quis contra nos? Wb. 4b11 . nír chumaing Cúchulaind ní dó, Ériu i 124.19 . ní chumgabat renna ní duit cannot harm thee, BColm. 68.24 . ni ra chumhcaisetsom ni do feruibh Mumhan, BLism. 173ra15 . gion gur cuimhgettar ní dóibh, AFM v 1544.y . nochar cuimhghetor ní dhe (: teine) could make no impression on him, Duan. F. i 41.55 . Note also: nír comdaighdur enrét dó, Fier. 195 .

8 With inf. pron.: ni choimnactar `they could not do it', Ml. 19c5 . ní cach óen condric samlaid who can do it like that, LU 5165 (TBC). ar do-triallais co menic, ┐ ni-t-coemnacair, PH 1758 . día notcaomhsoinn if I could do so, BS 46.26 .

9 With other pronominal objects: amal ni cuimsin . . . a n-asberinn, Wb. 17b1 . cia salmscribdid conicfed són, Ml. 14a6 . di neuch con-icub as far as in me lies (gl. ego reddam), Wb. 32a20 (cf. TBC-I¹ 3529 ). an condníis d'ulc, SR 1874 .

10 With follg. vn.: nad choimnactar cathugud `who were unable to fight', Ml. 66d6 . nad coimnacuir Dia tabairt uisci doib, 97d4 . connā cumaiṅg nech dīb cobair araile, Corp. Gen. 205.9 . cona coemnacair labra, Three Hom. 68.19 . nír cuimciset lúth a cos, CCath. 2099 . comhroinn ar chrích do chumhuing could share out, O'R. Poems 2498 . ní cuimge anadh sunn, Aisl. Tond. 119.4 .

11 With possess. and vn.: conna cumgat a n-íc, Ml. 76a19 . ni cumangar a rím, LU 6518 . nir-cumaing a certugud could not be steadied (of a horse), TTebe 2359 . co nicfaitis a tairmeasc `who could have prevented it', Laws iii 252.15 Comm. coniscumhaing mu Rīgh rān / mu beith etc., ZCP vi 260.17 . ní ro cuimgedh a dénamh, CCath. 1798 . ní caoemsadh a faisneis ina facaidh . . . ann, Aisl. Tond. 108.17 .

12 With noun and indirect obj.: hore con-icc dígail forib for he can punish you (gl. propter iram), Wb. 6a17 (see Bergin, ZCP xvii 223 ). nád cóimnacaid brithemnact forsin cin-sa, 9b10 . condn-icim-se duit maidm reut I can promise you victory, Corp. Gen. 149.2 . fear con-icc suidi ┐ ligi ┐ biad do chách (a `rechtaire'), BDD² 799 . nír chumaing rí a mian don mnaei no king was acceptable to her, IGT Verbs ex. 468 . nír' caomain a cosa ó talmain was rooted to the spot, Aisl. Tond. 107.15 .

13 With accus. + do + vn.: ní cumcat idail ní donaib adamraib sin do denum idols cannot perform any of these wonders, Ml. 60b6 . ni fail . . . / nech conní a cetmad d'aisneis, SR 652 . ni cumgi-so(m) . . . a beō nach óe do breith, TBC-I¹ 685 . ní chumgaitis uili a delg do béim assa brut-som, LL 8398 (TBC). na caemnacar cach ni dib d'anocal, Laws v 156.19 Comm. ní cumhang lucht an lis-sin / a bhfulung d'olc d'innisin, DDána 29.33 .

14 Similarly in rel. constr.: nad chumaing nach nduil do imgabail from which no creature is exempt, LU 2515 . lócrand . . . nad chumgaitís suili doíni déicsin, 6556 . ar daigh gach neich cotnicfad do lesugud `every one whom he could benefit', CCath. 1182 . in galur(,) nách cumaicc do legius which he cannot cure, PH 4222 .

15 Hence with pass.: trenailce . . . na cuimgidthur do cumscudugh which cannot be moved, O'D. 15 ( H 3.17, 15 ). nech . . . nád cumangar do aidbriud, Ériu ii 208 § 27 . ná ro cuimgedh danacal, AFM vi 1964.z . ? co cumangar du gach dialt (`that there may be power to every syllable'), Auraic. 1234 .

daimid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. daimid or dil.ie/14221
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: damuid, -daim, -dam, -daimenn, -damann, damand, damait, -da[i]met, daimes, dama, -dama, rodama, -damat, daimtis, nodaimtis, daim, dam, dáṁ, damaid, -dém, -déma, démait, -démaitt, -didam, -didem, -didma, -didemam, -démad, rodémad, rodá- mar, dámair, -dámair, rodámair, dámatar, rodámatar, -rodmatar, dámatar, damnatar, damhnatar, rodamnatar, furodamnatar, dét, rodét, -dam, -rodam, dam, rodaim, rodamastar, damsat, rodamsat, damsat, daimset, radamsatar, damth-, damd-, -damthat, dam- thatar, damdatar, damhdhatar, daimtis, damhdaois, damair, damar, -damar, -damair, -daimt[h]ear, -damthar, -damthair, damthar, damtha, -démt[h]ar, -démt[h]a, -demthaoi, dét, rodét, nirodamad, damad, détiu, damthain, -ditiu, -ttiu

v pr. i. ACT.—pres. ind. 3 sg. damuid, -daim, -dam ; -daimenn, -damann, damand after negation, Laws (Commentary). 3 pl. damait, -da[i]met. rel. daimes. pres. subj. 2 sg. dama. 3 sg. -dama, co rodama . 3 pl. -damat. ipf. 3 pl. daimtis, nodaimtis. ipv. 2 sg. daim, dam, dáṁ. 2 pl. damaid. future (a) ē-fut. 1 sg. -dém. 3 sg. -déma. 3 pl. démait, -démaitt. (b) red. fut. 1 sg. -didam, -didem. 2 sg. -didma. 1 pl. -didemam. sec. fut. 3 sg. -démad, rodémad. pret. perf. (a) pret. with no suffix. 1 sg. rodá- mar. 3 sg. dámair, -dámair, rodámair. 3 pl. dámatar, rodámatar, -rodmatar, nir dámatar ; damnatar, damhnatar, rodamnatar, cf. Fél. Oeng. and furodamnatar, Ml. 96 b 8 , 105 b 9 . Thurn. Hdb. 401 . (b) t-pret. dét, rodét. For dĕt see det. (c) s-pret. 3 sg. -dam, -rodam, nár dam ; rodaim ( Cog. 56. 11 ). depon. rodamastar. 3 pl. damsat, ni rodamsat , ní damsat , nir daimset ; depon. radamsatar. (d) pret. damth-, damd-. 3 pl. -damthat ; depon. dam- thatar, damdatar, damhdhatar. Cf. Thurn. Hdb. 401 . Zeuss 1092 b . Pret. subj. 3 pl. daimtis, damhdaois.

PASS. pres. ind. 3 sg. damair, damar, -damar, -damair ; -daimt[h]ear, -damthar, -damthair. subj. damthar. ipf. 3 sg. damtha ; subj. id. fut. 3 sg. -démt[h]ar. sec. fut. 3 sg. -démt[h]a. -demthaoi ( ZCP viii 223. 19 ). pret. perf. (a) dét, rodét. (b) nirodamad, nir damad . Cf. ACC § 75 (damad leg.).

VN. détiu, damthain, enclit. -ditiu, -ttiu.

I Endures, suffers : dia nnama noe (.i. dia ndama duine) for tír, Corm. s.v. noe . Cf. ar is nae duine ut est dia ndama nae for tír .i. duléici in duine céssad fair, BB 328 b 43 . damhdhatar .i. doḟuilngeadar, O'Cl. damdatar (v.l. damthatar, damadar) mór tadlech they endured many afflictions Fél. Oct. 15 . riana techt don rígu rodamnatar (v.l. rodamdatar, rodamatar) saethu they have suffered tribulations ib. Prol. 32 . rodamnatar uili (v.l. rodamdatar, rodamatar) they have all suffered ib. Prol. 53 . ni rodamair huar na te I have not suffered cold nor heat Trip. 140. 16 . cech dochruide rodámair ó ṡíl Ádaim cin teirci, 23 P 10, 95 .

ABSOLUTE : holds out, goes on with : damnatar la tri laaib ic ol, Mesca Ulad. suffers = dies. o rodamuir when she died Laud 610, 100 b . brooks, vouchsafes : ni rodamsat Ulaid co mbuaid choscair do Emain Macha in tsechtmain sin. Rodamastar immorro anim Conculainn co tárfad don .l. rígan, LL 122 b 30 . With fri stands, bears up against : ar is derb lind ni déma siriti bras birda na letheti út fri brúth ┐ feirg niad do letheti siu, LU 76 a 25 .

II Submits to a judgment, stands by, assents to a decision, accepts law. Frequent in the Laws in connexion with breth, 1 cert, cóir, dliged, etercert.

(a) trans. uair nár dam sam dligedh as he did not submit to the law Laws ii 304. 3 . intan damuir dligedh iumpu when law is submitted to respecting them ib. 298. 14 . inge mad nech ná dama coir iar séta táide, ib. iv 184. 17 . v 318. 16 . is innles dóib in tochus dia ndamat dliged iar ndénam indligid, ib. v 120. 10 . muna damunn dliged intí risi ndeachaidh lámh is éicin íc tara chend. ma daimet dliged &c. ib. 226. 18 .—nír daimset in fir aile do Coinculainn in breth rodnucad do they disputed the verdict, given in favour of C. FB 78 . acht go ndaṁdaois a eidircheart provided they submitted to his decision, 23 E 26 p. 289 .

(b) intrans. with for. nách dernad etercert dúib? ol B. dorigned om for C. ┐ ní daimet ind fir út fair eter. ni didemam om oldat ind fir aili ar ní breth eter aní rucad dún they do not stand by it FB 75 . asbert U. friu nod lémad a mbrethugud acht co ndaimtis nammá fora breith. fodémam or iat provided they would adhere to it, etc. ib. 76 .

III Submits to, i.e. permits, admits of, lets . noca damann in lanad imdegla enech in lulgach anad is sia ná anadh naine, Laws i 120. 29 (commentary). ni daim anad isia ina anad náine, ib. 31 . ní daim ( ní dam, i 120. 19 ) enecland anad non patitur honoris reparatio moram ( Zeuss 430 a ), ib. 228. 16 . ii 100. 7 . dáig ainech ná daimet anad, i 236. 12 . nír dama[d] dóib dul fri lias fobíth in coctha búi itir Féine ┐ Ulta, i 74. 28 . is indligthech sum ce daim a cairiugad ┐ ni daim a car[iug]ud dab annóiti, v 122. 14 . mad neach ná daimenn a gaire do reir chóir, ib. 318. 29 . eich no daim ná daimet firiu na fedna foraib which permit not men nor carriages upon them 250. 5 . na daim ná damand fir orra, ib. 19 (comment.). Similarly Laws i 150. 21 : conid táinic C. nád rodamair nach ndligedh nád beith for úin acht a beith for treisi.—rodamasdar iarum a cur a nurlaim coitchind he allowed it (his possession) to be put into common patronage O'Dav. 1362 . a Eua daim dún do thinchosc let me instruct thee SR 214 . ni rodmatar a mbrethugud innach baliu aili acht ocutsu they did not permit of their being judged anywhere else than here by thee FB 56 . tarraid ... do chuinchid bíid. ni damthatar (v.l. damnitatar) erchoimded they suffered no excuse Trip. 204. 1 . ni rodámair in mórbríg do Mani bith ina thost did not allow him to remain silent TFerbe 299 . Cf. ní damair a bruth co fe[i]rg: co ro thogla innocht for Glend Geirg, ib. 360 . in didma tanoccol? nocho didem, TBC-LL¹ 754 Y. rodemadh a losgad siú rotruaillfitis a cuirp ar gradh De who would allow themselves to be burned Aisl. Tond. 119. 3 . ni didamsa, Laud 610, 99 b 2 . dam thumalfossaic a manum a Cháilti. ni dém etir ar Cailti, Acall. 5033 . dá cét laech rolámair sium | damair a ndimdaige, LL 192 a 12 . a díth rodámair sin chath, 132 a 26 . geguin tricha fer narmach | iarsin damair a marbad, YBL 124 a 24 . gur damair in togmac a urgabail (dhamustar, Stowe MSS) suffered himself to be taken prisoner MR 246. 20 . is aire rodamair Ísu do diabul a aimsiugud, PH 4893 . nir dhamh eadh ná hosadh dóibh aga slaidhi he allowed them neither space nor truce, slaying them Aen. 2148 ( BB 473 a 6 ). nách ar dámadh sísd no sealaigheacht dha bhur sinnsearaibh that your ancestors were not allowed their proper time ML 116. 32 . níor damhadh sealaidheachd dóibh no change was permitted them, 23 E 26 p. 35 . níor dhamsat ceannus dá chéile they did not permit superiority to one another ib. 180 . do smachtadh ara muintir gan éisiom do mharbhadh da ndamhadh a ghabháil if they could take him prisoner AFM iv 710. 8 . Here prob. also Ériu iii 136. 1 : daimthi dal cuind dosom innisein. ni didam sa caimme, ol O. Cf. Rawl. 131 b 29 : daimthi dail cuind damsa. Archena demasu cenco damasu.

IMPERS.: ni rodam dó cen tinntud fri M. he could not bear not to turn against M. TTr.² 1562 . ní rodaṁair do can a innsaigid he could not refrain from seeking him, CCath. 2920 . ní rodamair do gan dol dia ffurtacht, AFM vi 2250. 17 . berid leis iarum in mnái. ní rodamair tra do Chormac innísin, BB 262 a 35 . ┐ ní rodamair dó co ndeachaidh dia feg fegsin, 258 a 26 ( dia feg forcsin, YBL 177 b 39 ). Cf. ótconnairc...daigh na hoirgne fora daltae ni rodamair do he could not endure it RC xvi 82 (quoted from H 3.18 , p. 717 - 718 ).

IV Allows, i.e. concedes, accords to, grants, yields. Common in the Laws and sagas with 1 cert, cóir, cubaid, dliged to yield justice, cede law and right to (do). With fír fer, f. comlaind, comland oenfir in the sagas to grant single combat. With dílgud to forgive, with trócaire to vouchsafe mercy. geall do incaib fri nech ná daim ceart, Laws ii 268. 4 . fer ná daim ceart ná dliged do duine, v 206. 2 . dia ndamt[h]ar cert dó. muna damthar cert dó, iii 4. 3 . nír damad dlighedh do Feinib, i 74. 17 . nocho damand dliged dogrés in taire sin, v 174. 27 . co [n]damann sí d., 432. 12 . damhar d., 210. 9 . gabáil oc marbchrud dona daimt[h]ear d. ar uair tarrachtain, 430. 27 . doná damhthar dligi[d], ii 70. 24 . imná damt[h]ar d. dó, iii 318. 2 . muna damt[h]ur d. dó, iv 4. 12 . masa cindti lais ná demt[h]ar d. dó...co ndemt[h]ar, 12. 7 . is cindti lais ná demad bodein d., v 174. 29 . masa cinnte leis coná demtha d. dó, v 206. 13 . ná demt[h]a d. dó, iv 4. 14 . in inbaid is cunntubairt lais i ndemt[h]a nó ná demt[h]a d. dó, 12. 10 . giall in fechemun toicheda do thócbáil nocon damtha d. dó until what is lawful is given him, ii 140. 2 . ní dam trócaire trinóit, i 12. 6 . dáimhes d., O'D. Suppl. (Not here, but to con-daim, Laws v 174. 18 : aire ná condaim ceart..., cf. nád condaim c., v 202. 5 . asná condamar, 160. 4 .) ni dámair cert dóib, Expuls. 6 . Cúchulainn ní damair c., ScM. 21. 12 . ná dam cert do deman dúr, LB 237 m . ní damhsat c. dia fithidir ZCP vii 305 . baithgér...in imtuarcain ┐ ní rodam neach c. dia céli, BB 438 a 43 . ní damann sé cert dam...┐ ticfa aimser ann ┐ ní dema nech cert dá chéile, Fianaig. 74. 4 . co rodama cert in toenḟer, Rawl. 113 a 33 . nocho damand findchert, Anecd. i 48. 12 . nir damad c. dó YBL 123 b . ní demaitt cert man tír thair they will not observe right towards the eastern land Fen. 378. 9 (perh. to II). nocho cert na cubaid damait dairecht Breg CRR 22 . nír dam Conall cóir ná cert do bidbaid C. accorded not justice nor right to an enemy Fen. 312. 23 . dó nochur dam cóir na cert, Fianaig. 66. 33 . ní rodamsat cóir na cert, Rawl. 156 b 44 . dErinn nír damatar cóir to E. they did not grant justice. acht cor damthar fír fer dam ...atbér, FB 94 . intan nach démt[h]a córdus doib uime sin, Cog. 54. 13 . a láich...ma daime dáil ṅdligid dún, LL 209 a 53 . ní fír fer ná comlond oenfir radamsatar dó, TBC-LL¹ 2910 . ní damar (níor damadh, Stowe) fír fer dam ná comlond oenfir, 4706 . 4733 . ní ba cumland oenfir démait duinn, 3972 . ní rodamad fír comlaind dóib, Bor. 10 . noco damthadar comraind do thuathaib De Donann, ZCP x 365 , Rawl. 135 b 20 . rí rodet dílgud ... do Dauid, SR 6873 . rodet .i. rodam .i. rodet a cron iarsin do mend, O'Dav. 1362 . rodet it was granted BDD 143 . dAed Dub rodét, Rawl. 165 b 54 . mo manchine is duit rodétt, BColm. p. 48 . a bo do ní demad certa: cen bad leo a lachta, Anecd. i 47. 14 (v.l. ní dhema a certa). dámh comhrádh red chomhalta, B IV 1, 87 a .

ABSOLUTE: maith lind dia ndama dúin féin if he spare us RC vii 300. 7 ; the prose has die coigle, RC xiii 6. 16 .

1 dían

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dían or dil.ie/15951
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dian, déin, Déin, Dianchon, díanascnam, díanbhádad, dianscailti, ndianscailedh

adj o, ā. swift, rapid: dian gl. concito, Ml. 41d8 . gl. creber, Sg. 20a7 . gl. uelox, 60b19 . dian .i. oband sudden , Stowe Gl. 80 . déin (n pl. for a pl.) gl. celeres, Ml. 48d11 . is d.¤ dorreractid maám ind soscéli 'tis quickly ye have abandoned, Wb. 18c6 . cid d.¤ ┐ cían nothéisinn though I went fast and far, Ml. 41d9 . In lit. gener. with the added sense of eager, impetuous, forceful or vehement, both in good and bad sense. Of animals and natural objects (gener. implying motion): ech d.¤ , FB § 50 . TBC-LL¹ 1972 . dam d.¤ vehement (?), Acall. 3516 . Cog. 188 . mur buinni ṅdian ṅdílinn, Fianaig. 94.19 . fo dílind déin, LL 4b10 . inna side dian mar daig, Metr. Dinds. iii 158 . sruth tenntide ro-d.¤ , PH 6201 . tinneanas tineadh déine, ML 114 . Cf. also: i carput d.¤ dergthened, SR 7136 . domun d.¤ swift-passing, fleeting (?), ZCP vii 498 . daescarsluag an domain déin, viii 208 . maisi in domuin dian (: fíal), RC vi 178.122 . Of persons: ben d.¤ ` active ', MacCongl. 97.2 . oen-ben d.¤ díbergach, Metr. Dinds. iii 4 . Dauid d.¤ , SR 6413 , 5890 . i tig Dagda déin, Ériu vii 225 . Metr. Dinds. ii 18.18 . Fianaig. 42.7 . druid diana, SR 3419 . co lín a ṅdroṅg nd.¤ ndaigrech (of combatants), 5887 . berid uain . . . in duini ṅd.¤ ṅdásachtach (of David feigning madness), 6236 . Painiel d.¤ (an Archangel), KMMisc. 254 . Of the Deity: a De dúilig déin, Ériu iii 14 . a degmic Dé déin, ZCP vi 263 . Of the Devil: SR 944 . fri demna diana, 8316 . Of actions and abstr. notions: bretha diana `rash judgements', Tec. Corm. § 14 . tacra d.¤ dermatach `a vehement . . . pleading', § 25 . dian medair `a vehement saying', Fél. Prol. 219 . d.¤ a buille, Metr. Dinds. ii 16 . gnim d.¤ , SR 2847 . deabhtha díana, Hugh Roe 294.26 . fo dianaib déraib, Fél. Prol. 24 . golgaire duba d.¤ , SR 8166 . RC xxviii 314 . ag clos linn iona lasair | do ḟreagra dhéin dhóchasaigh, Content. x 21 . frossa diana dér, Ériu ii 55 . is dian in fuillem, Laws v 242.y (swift? the interest mounts up rapidly?). i ló an bhrethemhnuis dén déghenaigh 'at the day of the rigorous and last iudgement' Ériu xv 52 (52b) . With FRI: nárbhat d.¤ re daescar-ṡluagh, Acall. 587 . ? in ben d.¤ fri dúasu `eager for gifts', Metr. Dinds. iii 302 . In following cases meaning seems to be strong, without notion of activity or motion: 'mo les nd.¤ `the strong keep', Metr. Dinds. ii 8 . do mhidh na dabcha déne, Acall. 812 .

Equative: is denithir sin arachrin cumachtae inna pecthach, Ml. 57c12 . Compar. déniu rád swifter than speech, Trip.² 131 . nar ba déni tepersain fhola oltás . . ., PH 3042 . As superl.: a dremm is déniu dolud `quickest in havoc' (whose tax is most severe?), Metr. Dinds. iii 348 . amal as deiniu . . . notinoilfitís naeireada seolbrata a long, CCath. 3736 . Adv. atrachtár co d.¤ , SR 4461 . rochingsiott go d.¤ deinmnettach, AFM vi 2254 . As n.pr. m. (allegorical): Metr. Dinds. iii 4 . Dinds. 18 . gen. ingine Déin meic Dileann, Acall. 697 . ? Sirna mac Dein, Rawl. 135a1 , 117g17 .

Common in compds., often merely as an intensive. ¤aided swift or sudden death (destruction): dianoidhidh, MacCarthy 422 = BB 50b24 . gan dogh gan dianoidheadh, AFM vi 2072 . ? ¤aigligh, Laws iv 86.12 . ¤airlech swift or ruthless slaying , Metr. Dinds. iii 74 . ¤aithesc hasty speech: as n.pr. m., Anecd. ii 51 . ¤aithirge earnest repentance (?), Lism. L. p. 307 . LL 282a14 . ¤apud (legal term) `sudden notice', Triads 235 . ¤bás sudden death: Thes. ii 354 . is bec na dechaid dianbas, SR 1720 . ar díenbhás ar bedg | romain Íosa, Ériu iv 236 . Anecd. ii 15 . deocha dian-bais, CCath. 5836 . ¤breth sudden doom: cipé fongeib dia láim chlí, | ro ordaig rí in betho bí | issí a déin-breth ria dérge; | a glé-meth nó a gair-sécle (of a magical yew), Metr. Dinds. iii 230 . ¤chommilt swift or fierce crushing: dabered d. fair eter a rigthib ┐ a dernannaib, TBC-LL¹ 4622 . ¤chride n.pr. m. Diancraide mic Offir, BB 146c25 . oroit do dianchridiu, Thes. ii 257 . ¤chú n.pr. m. gen. Dianchon, BB 87a47 . Lec. 146c36 . ¤éc sudden death: deocha dian-éca, Acall. 6372 . See Díangal. ¤galar sudden or violent sickness, plague: ronsoerat ar d. (ar in galar ndian .i. ar in mbude connaill), Hy. i 6 . d. d'adhmilledh a n-eachraidh, CCath. 3479 ( Luc. Phars. vi 89 ). d.¤ gl. langor, Gild. Lor. 258 . ¤garta ` ready hospitality ', Metr. Dinds. iii 88 . See Díangus. ¤lám nimble hand: d. oc fodail, Tec. Corm. § 4 . ¤leges swift healing , TFerbe 734 . ¤ṡárugud forcible violation , Laws iv 228.y . is ed is diansarudugad (sic) and, rofitir a beith for comairce ┐ nocha ranaic uadu dligi do taircsin, O'Curry 2034 ( H 4.22 56 -57). ¤uisce swiftly-flowing water: rosdailedh ar d., Metr. Dinds. ii 68 .

With adj.: ¤aicentach of vehement nature: of Caesar, CCath. 348 . ¤angbaid very fierce (?). Of a river: o Drobaís d., LL 8b35 . ¤buillech of swift or fierce blows: fa dígaltach duáibsech d. comrac na desi-sin, Fianaig. 96 . ¤chumthach deeply-grieving: cach duine co dianchumhthach, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 330 . ¤díchra very eager: ro ghabhsat co sanntach diandichra ic a tuargain, CCath. 5754 . ? ¤dil: dendiliu gl. magis industrios atque strenuos, RC xxix 269 . See Díangalach. ¤glicc very prudent: cen rurig ṅdedgair ṅd., MacCarthy 198 . ¤marb utterly dead: dronga dian-marba, TTebe 2857 . ¤menmnach nimble-minded, very spirited: atraigim co dírech dienmenmnach, MacCongl. 119 . ¤scothach of hasty words (?): inghen Déirc Dhianscothaig, Acall. 52 . ¤ṡeng?: cech drui deinseng (aga mbiad na diana seanga .i. ainm aisti), Leb. Gab.(i) 64 (expl. probably wrong, but cf. 4 dían).

With verbs: ¤ascnaid advances rapidly: co ndianascnaitis remhibh, Hugh Roe 214.23 . ro dianasgna . . . gan anadh . . . go ranuicc gusan nG., 276.7 . vn. oc díanascnam in mhuighi speeding across the plain, CCath. 1274 . ¤bádid quickly swamps. vn. ródbhuindi róimer d'uisqi . . . ag díanbhádad an baili, Acall. 3630 . ¤beirid quickly carries: an t-anam sa chlí chuga | mac De muna dhianruga, 23 D 14, 93 . ¤léici releases swiftly: díam-díanléicther ar fi[u]r findchless … 'if I am swiftly loosed upon (lit. before) the man of the fine feats' ZCP xlvii 64 . ¤loscid quickly burns . vn. ni ḟarggaib . . . múr can a díanloscud, CRR § 4 . ¤millid quickly destroys: ro dianmhilleadh a dhuthaigh, AFM v 1720 . ¤scaílid quickly or utterly distributes, scatters, disperses, separates: ro dianscailit biada . . . do chach, Acall. 4609 . in tan díanscáiles ler . . . dar dreich in talman, CCath. 298 . co ro dluig ┐ co ro dianscail a chend ar dó air, TTebe 3162 . ro saebait do ruisc . . . ┐ ro dianscailit do baill, LB 143a29 . As med. term dissolves, diffuses: tig rann don deathach hisin cum na mball imeallach ┐ diansgailidh linn fuar gloinidhi idir feoil ┐ leathar andsin, 23 P 10, 161 rb36 . diansgailter an rand as reimhe dhe a ceo fuar, 161va13 . is righin he ┐ ni diansgailfeadh an fothrugad e, 161ra14 . da contrardha sin do nither lipairia noch tig o l. r. morgaithe idir feoil ┐ leathar ┐ eirghe deathach on morgadh isin noch anmesruighes an craidhi gu nden fiabras ┐ an trath sgaileas in ainmeasurdhacht isin isna bullaib inmedonachaib da faga si l. f. glainidhi sa guili no a n-inadh ele leth asdigh diansgailidh e ┐ on diansgaileadh isin fuaraid na baill inmeadhonacha, 161rb-va . Part. ro badar luireacha dluithi dianscailti desin, CCath. 3155 . Vn. iar n-argain ┐ iar ndianscailedh chell ┐ coicrich, RC xviii 281 . Cf. díscaílid.

1 do

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do or dil.ie/17096

 

Forms: dond, donaib, dunaib, donab, dona, dond, donaibhí, dunaibh, donahí, dom, domsa, damsa, duit, dait, deit, det, dit, duid, daid, duitt, duitsiu, deitsiu, detsiu, détso, detsi, dutsi, d, do, dóu, dou, dáu, dossom, dosom, d, di, díi, disi, dúnn, dunn, duún, dúun, dún, dun, duin, dú(i)nn, dúnni, dunni, dúni, dúinniu, dúnai, dúib, duib, duíb, dib, dib, daoibh, dúibsi, dúbsi, dóib, doib, duaib, dáib, doaib, doibsom, dom, dum, dot, dut, dot, dod, do, do, dia, doa, diar, dear, dar, dia n-, doa n-, dua, dá, dia n-, da, dona, donach, do

prep. with dat., leniting (see GOI §§ 435 . 832 ).

Forms: do (usual at all periods); du often in O.Ir., Wb. 5c14 , 33b6 ; Ml. 15a16 , 16a7 , 90a7 , b13 ; Acr. 13b3 ; Thes. ii 240.16 , 241.4 , 242.10 (Ardm.), 294.4 ( SP ii 16 ), 45.29 ; du Chaissil, AU 714 ; du for fogail, SCC § 13 . dó, Ml. 15d3 . dú, Wb. 5d19 .

In Mid and early Mod. Ir. often da, dá, esp. before cech: da cech tráth, LB 261b38 ; dá cech duine, PH 3985 ; dá bar n-óid, 5963 ; da gach nduine, Keat. iii 2087 (poem).

Vowel generally elided before vowel of f: d'agbáil, SCC § 29 . d'is cech réta, § 32 ( do facbail, Laws iv 206.14 ; do foghnumh, 250.6 Comm. ).

Freq. confused with 1 de, di, q.v.

With article: sg. dond irsolcoth, Wb. 22d27 . dond lethtomus, BCr. 31b3 . dund fercach, Ml. 22d13 . Thes. i 498.21 (Ardm.). dund insi, SCC § 17 . dunt foirbthetaid, Ml. 14c8 . dunt imluad, 15a17 . don chomursain, PH 2748 . don fhairind, 4959 . pl. donaib, Wb. 7b1 , Sg. 69b7 . dunaib, Acr. 8a2 . Thes. i 497.16 (Ardm.). dundaib (archaic), Thes. ii 247.12 ( Cambr. 38a ). donab, 33.28 . Mid. and mod. Ir. dona.

With art. and í: dond, Wb. 3c31 . pl. donaibhí, Sg. 156b7 . dunaibh, Wb. 2c10 . donahí, Ml. 46c7 .

With pron. suff.: 1 s. dom (usual in Wb. and Sg.), dam (in Ml.). domsa, Wb. 3c33 , etc. damsa, TBC-LL¹ 1110 . 2 s. duit (usual in Wb. and Sg.). dait common in Ml., TBC-I¹ 1056 , 1209 , 1334 (LU). deit, Wb. 6a11 , 12 ; 28d15 , etc. LL 275a50 . det, Wb. 5b29 . dit, 5b32 . Sg. 179a4 . TBC-I¹ 1056 , 1209 , 1334 (YBL). duid, TBC-I¹ 531 . daid, 1042 (YBL). duitt, PH 7915 . duitsiu, Wb. 6b14 . deitsiu, 30a8 . detsiu, 32c12 . détso, 6c7 . detsi, IT i 130.27 . dutsi, PH 4092 . 3 s. m. and n. commonly d, Wb. 1c12 ; 1d20 , etc. do, 2a2 ; 2c6 , etc. dóu, Trip. 218.24 . dou, Todd Lect. vi 57.10 . dáu, Trip.² 2862 . Trip. 338.22 . Thes. ii 294.3 ( SP ii 15 ). With emphasizing part. vowel usually short: dossom, Wb. 6d10 ; 9d8 . dosom, 3b7 , etc., Ml. 14a4 . f. d, Wb. 11c13 , etc. di, 7b3 . díi, Fél. 4.9 . With emphasizing part.: disi, ACL iii 309.10 . 1 p. dúnn, Wb. 2d13 ; 25c9 , etc. dunn, 26b1 . duún, 3a12 ; 4b10 ; 25c10 . dúun, 4b11 ; 10c21 . dún, 14c8 ; 20d15 , etc. dun, 14c9 . duin, FB § 49 . In later lang. dú(i)nn. With emphasizing part.: dúnni, Wb. 1a3 ; 3c15 . dunni, Ml. 110d12 , 13 . dúni, 121b13 . dúinniu, IT i 129.2 . dúnai (: clūdhai), ACL iii 298 § 58 . 2 p. dúib, Wb. 3b8 , 12 ; 6c25 , etc. duib, 13b3 ; 33b8 . duíb, 24a26 . In Mid. Ir. also dib, PH 761 , 1075 ; dib, 1433 . In later lang. daoibh. With emphasizing part.: dúibsi, Wb. 3b13 . dúbsi, 15d8 (a prima manu). 3 p. dóib, Wb. 6c24 ; 30d8 , etc. doib, 1d6 ; 12b2 . duaib, Thes. ii 238.13 ; 240.17 (Ardm.). dáib, PH 7392 . doaib, Sg. 50a3 . AU 687 , 797 . SR 7272 (sic leg.). With emphasizing part.: doibsom, Wb. 13a31 . ¤sem, 28d19 .

With poss. 1 s. dom: dum, Thes. ii 241.12 ; dumm imdídnaad, 13 . 2 s. dot: dut, Ml. 2d5 . Mid. Ir. dot, dod, do do. 3 s. dia; doa, Anecd. iii 48.5 ; 58.9 . 1 p. diar, Wb. 2d2 . dear (archaic), Thes. ii 245.8 (Cambr.) Mid.Ir. also dar: dár ṅdeeb-ni, PH 709 . 2 p. do far fírianugud, Wb. 3b27 . do bor mbrethugud, FB § 57 . do bar taig, SR 4829 . dia bhar saighidh, BNnÉ 303 § 12 . 3 p. dia n-. doa n-, Fianaig. 34.12 . Mon. Tall. § 59 , 62 . dua, RC xi 452.141 . Later also dá. See ZCP xxiv 227 ; xxv 254 .

With rel. dia n-: indí dia ruchretsid-si, Wb. 8c11 . intí dia ndílgid-si, 14d24 . secht mbráthre dia mbo . . . carcar, Fél. July 10 . dua mberar, Mon. Tall. § 11 . See 1 is. Mid. Ir. also da (dá): dontí da tucus, IT i 124.22 . With neg. dona, donach: dona-robu gnath, Ml. 129d3 . fer . . . dunar-ructhae act oentuistiu, Thes. ii 241.9 (Ardm.). do nach bis on to him who has it not, Laws iv 240 .

With alaile (araile): dialailiu, Ml. 87d13 . IT i 67.8 . díarailiu, FB § 55 . diaroli fir, PH 1483 .

To, for, etc. Used in O.Ir. Glosses (a) to translate Lat. ad, Wb. 3b14 ; 30d10 ; 16b5 (cid do uáir gl. etsi ad horam, the Lat. being literally translated), Tur. 35 . Ml. 15a16 ; 16a8 . Sg. 3b30 ; 67b10 ; 188a18 ; 217a7 . Thes. i 498.23 . (b) to render a dat., Wb. 9b8 ; 18c2 ; 28a5 . Ml. 2d10 ; 15b8b ; 17c11 . Sg. 20a6 ; 41b12 ; 69b7 ; 193a3 ; 209b6 ; 214a3 . Acr. 8a2 ; 13b3 . PCr. 65b2 . Thes. ii 34.29 ; cf. Caeur .i. do Chaieur (Cáieur being explained as dat. of Cáier), Corm. Y 698 . Hence:

A Introducing the terminus ad quem; in phrases expressing purpose, etc.

I Of destination after vbs. of motion, etc.: cumtach don fothu building to the foundation, Wb. 8c18 . téicht do Róim, Thes. ii 296.3 . lotar dia crích, FB § 56 . eirg dot thoigh, BS 44 . ho persin do persin, Sg. 209b12 . o thír do thír, SR 6835 . a inad d'inad, Laws iv 36.12 . With ellipse of vb. of motion: co cúalatar culgaire carpait dund insi (coming) to the island, SCC § 17 . Hence with pron. 3 s. n. expressing motion, see 2 dó. With abstracts: massu thol atomaig do that drives me to it, Wb. 10d26 . adcuiretar do hógi they return to integrity, Sg. 73b2 . Similarly in expressions like téit do applies to, téit do láim, gaibid do láim; dabeir d'a óid, etc. (see 1 téit, gaibid, lám, etc.).

II With follg. vn. in phrases expressing purpose.

(a) Prec. by vb.: is do immarchor chóre dotíagat it is to carry peace they come, Wb. 5a5 . todiusgadar ind anim do dénum maith, 5c18 . ní du for fogail dodeochammar-ni, SCC § 13 . dul d'fhios na sagart dá nglanadh, TSh. 375 . Cf. further: indíi adchobra-som do hícc those whom he desires to save, Wb. 28b1 . cid comarlecther foraib do daul immach that leave should be given them to go out, Mon. Tall. § 53 .

In prayers, wishes, etc., with ellipsis of vb.: Día dom chobair ar cech ṅguasacht (may) God (come) to my aid, Hy. vi 3 . cíall Dé dom imthus, Thes. ii 356.8 . dó (do +3 s. neut. pron.) to that end, for that purpose , anticipating a follg. vn. or clause or referring to a foregoing one: is do arroiéit-sa gratiam, do precept do chách, Wb. 6d14 . dó dobreth biad la Duid, | dia nertad, SR 6450 . acht má dothisad Arddrí secht nime dó ní reg-sa I will not go though . . . should come to force me, Trip.² 1355 . is do dodeochadsa . . . con-écius duib a scel-sa, Ériu ii 104 .

(b) Prec. by noun: dliged remdeicsen do dechrugud etir maithi ┐ ulcu a law of providence to distinguish between good and bad, Ml. 19d2 . huare nád robatar suin do shlund in dúildetad, Sg. 45b1 . nidat uain dia n-airlegunn thou hast no leisure to read them, Anecd. v 2 .

(c) Prec. by adj.: irlaim do dul bais, Wb. 16a3 . gilla comadas do faire dūine ríg, FB § 89 . is saidbir in spirut nóeb do thídnocul cecha maithiusa, PH 5454 . ni bfuil rí . . . is fearr do thabairt tuarustail, Ériu viii 136 . Cf. also: batar inricci du báas worthy of death, Wb. 5c14 .

III In follg. in sense of Eng. as (lit. for the purpose of being, to serve as): bíid-son do thogarthid this then is (for) a vocative, Sg. 78a2 . pauper laṡuide do fhemun he regards p. as a feminine, 64b5 . bíit a triur do anmaim ind eiúin gl. vultur et vulturus et vulturius, 93a2 . non fit do anmimm díles, 31b21 . conid riagolda caro dond ainmmnid c. is regular as the nominative, 93b5 ; 104b5 . mōrthar occa Cathluain . . . do rig foraibh, Todd Nenn. 140 . daine chaithit do biudh they eat human beings as food, RC xxxiv 308 . ó taoi dam' iarraidh d'óglách since you want me for a servant, A. Ó Dálaigh l 16 .

IV With vn. to express the idea of entering upon or continuing in a state or action: a mbátar do lepthugud when they were (on the point of?) going to bed IT i 67 . cid 'mo atai diar lenamuin? why art thou pursuing us? SR 1722 . mun beith cailleach an mhuilinn d'atach Christ frim, BS 122 . Impers.: do muintir in fhir atathar do crochad, PH 3172 . Used redundantly: int Ísu oc a raba Hiruath d'iarraid, 2841 . in banliccerd occatathar d'iarraid, Anecd. iv p. xvi = oc atathar cuingidh, p. 93 .

With poss. in passive sense: an uair bhíos dá chor amach when he is being evicted, TSh. 794 . go raibhe dá ilchéasadh so that he was being tortured, 564 .

V The construction subst. + do + vn. In sentences of the type (a) ansu liumsa ind oís anechtir dia fius it is more grievous to me that the outland folk should know it, Wb. 16d12 (where ind oís is virtual subject of the vn.) and (b) ní date leu in coimdiu do crochad it is not agreeable to them that the Lord was crucified (lit. to crucify the Lord), 8a6 (where in coimdiu is virtual object of the vn.), the O.Ir. construction is identical; in both sentences the case of the nouns oís , coimdiu is determined by their syntactical relation to the whole sentence, that of subject, while do + vn. stands in syntactical relation not to the whole sentence but to the noun, its function being that of a gerund. Similarly in the sentence: cocarad chaingnimu du denum he loved to do good deeds, Ml. 14a8 , the subst. caingnímu is the object of the sentence while du denum has the meaning for the doing, to be done. Exceptions are, however, frequent, see below. In each of the sections 1-4 the subsection (a) consists of exx. where the subst. is the virtual subject of the vn., (b) of exx. where it is the virtual object.

1 Subst. is subject of the whole sentence and therefore nom. case.

(a) dofórmaich fochricc dosom sochude do creittim tria precept that a multitude has believed through his preaching increaseth the reward for him, Wb. 1b5 . issed as brig la Dia menmae do biuth hi figraib that the mind should be in the symbols, Thes. ii 255.13 . saoth lem int aos leigind do dul ind ifern, ZCP viii 470 . ba lonn lais in mnai cuil do bith oc Hiruath he was indignant that the adulteress should be with H., PH 861 . (Infl. of Lat. accus. and infin. constr.?)

(b) is maith int óis éula do accaldam, Wb. 3c4 . is bésad leusom in fid do thóbu, 5b42 . nipu techta in briathar diadhai . . . do scriphund ind oenluc, Hib. Min. 96 . is cóir ind almsu do thabairt, PH 6136 . With accus. of subst. (in first two exx. perh. dat. for nom.): is ferr dó in almsain do thabairt, PH 4969 (= melius est elimosinam dare, LB 47b55 ). dlegar dínn ar n-imcaissin do thimorcain, PH 6870 . ba machtnadh lasna Felistindaibh na fioru nomarbdais d'faicsin do cathughadh friu, Leb. Gab.(i) 146 .

2 Subst. as object of sentence (rarer in O.Ir.).

(a) nisn-águr dom díchill I do not fear that they will neglect me, Hy. v 105 . rocúala in n-eress cetna do fhorbairt, Thes. ii 311 . ni fitir in mnai dia brath he knew not that the woman was betraying him, SR 3207 . rocuala Sattan in uli noemu do shubugud, PH 3819 . With nom. for accus.: cuirfid [diabul] na boill d'fhognum do fén, 7799 . atfét Lucás aingil do thidecht do nim, 3043 .

(b) cocarad chaingnimu du denum, Ml. 14a8 . itconnacabar bar náimtiu do bádud, PH 1713 . forcongair D. cnamu do thabairt hi cuthi, 1219 . With nom. for accus.: atbert fria múintir int apstal do thuarcain, PH 2141 . atbert Ner na hapstail do cúibrech, 1858 . atcondairc-som ind figeill . . . do dílgud, Mon. Tall. § 22 .

3 Subst. is governed by a prep.

(a) for riaguil do buith isnaib anmanaib-se dotėt híc he touches on the fact that there is a rule, Sg. 108a3 . fre terci . . . do tecmung, Mon. Tall. § 12 .

(b) hua anmmaim ailiu do thórmuch friss, Sg. 30b4 . Cain Patraic . . . cen chleirciu do marbad, Thes. ii 306 . tria doirse . . . na cathrach do forbrissiud, SR 5348 . ar meisge ó chaoraibh na fíneamhna d'ithe, TSh. 8421 .

4 Subst. in genitive relation to sentence.

(a) cui[n]chid flaithiusa Dé do thuidecht, PH 7907 .

(b) cen imcabáil `cum nobis' do epirt, Sg. 203a8 . ruc leis tásc a muintiri do marbad do E., FB § 69 . tar cend cissa ┐ indmussa do thabairt do, PH 51 . ré linn choróine do chur ar an impire, TSh. 661 .

5 The construction subst. + do + vn. may be used absolutely with force of the Lat. gerundive: ind .u. do accomol frisin fers ṅdédenach the `u' is to be added, Sg. 136a2 . um do glanad i nderiud ferso `um' is to be elided, 136a1 . Hence in continuation of prec. clause: dia n-oscailter in chomla sa ┐ diabul do ligad istech if . . . and the devil be admitted, PH 7797 . is mairg thic annsa saegul-sa ┐ na huilc-si do thecht trit, 7791 .

6 Subst. + do + vn. replacing finite tenses (esp. in annals): Góidil immorro do rad dib o Goediul Glas they are called G., Thes. ii 316 . Lugaig du gabail rige nErenn took the kingship of Ireland, MacCarthy 306 . bellum do madhmaim for hU Fiachrach, AU 815 .

B Introducing a dative.

I Introducing indirect object (generally name of a person).

(a) With trans. vbs. denoting giving, granting, assigning, offering, etc.: do-beir, daimid, do-indnaig, dálaid etc. (see under individual vbs.). With vbs. of telling, revealing, promising, etc.: in-fét (ad-fét), as-indet, (Mid. Ir. indissid), do-adbat, do-airchain, etc. Under the same head may be placed cases like: hore doninfedam etargne Crist do chách we inspire in all, Wb. 14d32 ; do Christ cachain ailli unto C. he sang praise, Fél. Apr. 26 . Exceptionally with as-beir says: asbert G. do na feoldenmaigib, PH 1432 . With vbs. of ordering, commanding, advising, etc.: lasse forcongur fírinni dúib, Wb. 19d25 . rohordaig in guth dona nemdaib, SR 606 . ro erb don mac mebrugud a aiccepta, Fél. p. 12 . molaid do advises (but molaid + acc. praises ). With vbs.of forgiving, remitting: dorolaig Dia do in n-uaill dorigni, Ml. 50d15 . romaith C. a dá trían . . . dá thigernu, LL 111b40 ( RC xiv 430 ). With vbs. of asking, entreating, praying, etc.: frecre do neoch immechomarcar duit, Sg. 197b10 . condartin do arrogáid dom what he asked of me, 209b26 . cech ní rochuinges do Dia, Thes. ii 318.39 . With vbs. of ascribing, referring, imputing, etc.: a n-adruirmed do Abracham what has been reckoned unto A., Wb. 2d7 . duaisilbi do a scribend, Thes. ii 225.28 . So also with as-beir ascribes; assigns (a name), calls: asbeir-som a n-accobor don spirut, Wb. 4b3 . ní eperr acht hilar dóib do-gres (referring to Gemini), Sg. 73a11 . is airi asberthe emisarius don buc the goat was called `emissarius', Tur. 110e . Similarly with vbs. of naming, gairmid, ainmnigid. With vbs. of allowing: issamlid léicfimmi-ni doibsom aisndis, Ml. 14d10 . nir fulaing d'ēnduine a glacudh, ZCP ix 248 . With vbs. of causing, doing (someth. to someone): imfolngi comrorcain do sochaidi, Ml. 56b9 . dogní trumai ndo causes heaviness to it, 20a19 . Of comparing, adapting, etc.: ithé sidi conṅdelggaddar do persanaib, Sg. 39a11 . dligid is entitled to takes do (later de) of pers. (see dligid).

(b) Freq. in intrans. constr. with vbs. denoting to serve, yield, obey; rule; oppose, injure, offend; satisfy, please; believe, trust; thank (atluchedar buide); assent; greet; answer, correspond; suit; indulge, spare, pity, etc.; deny, refuse (a number of these verbs show other constructions also, see s.v.): bad dú Dia fognem gl. Domino servientes, Wb. 5d19 . roirladigsetar genti do hiriss, 7c16 . sléchtid Isserninus du Pátricc, Thes. ii 241 . Currech Life . . . is terc rí dia rodamain to whom he yielded, Metr. Dinds. iii 234 . tigernaigit ┐ follamnaigit do na cóic gradaib, PH 6242 . cor urchoidigh a truma dóibh, CCath. 2075 . manu toltnaiged do, Sg. 72b6 . rochreitset do precept, Wb. 24d23 . atluchur do Dia, 3b19 . an olcc dia cocéitbani to which thou consentest, 1c10 . co robennach cach díb dia chele, Thes. ii 335 . frisgair in testemin-se dondaib dligedaib, Sg. 193b6 . immidaircet do Christ which are appropriate to C., Ml. 2d4 . arcessi do neoch bes meldach less, Wb. 4c19 . dlomis Fíacc dóib, Thes. ii 242 . Also with vbs. of happening, befalling, meeting, etc. , including certain cases of intrans. vbs. of motion: ni do cach brethir tecming persona not all vbs. have personal inflection, Sg. 161a1 . is ann dorala dosom a denam, Thes. ii 299 . amal forcoémnacair do Loegairiu, FB § 83 . doroacht saegul sír damsa, Ériu iv 132 . intan tanic dó lobrai, Thes. ii 318 .

(c) With many adjs. and abstracts denoting proximity, likeness, equality, identity and their opposites; relationship; figurative relations (fitness, propriety, possession, etc.) and feelings (in sense towards, Lat. erga). In many cases it is hard to decide whether the ex. belongs to this or the following section (II): is nesa do geintib, Wb. 2b17 . fri praenomen cosmail do, Sg. 28a15 . is cotarsne don dúalig in sualig, Wb. 9b8 . immar-bdais meic dó, PH 4097 . húere atta mbrāthir dūnd since they are kinsmen of ours, ZCP viii 316 . combat irlithi geinti do hiriss obedient to the faith, Wb. 7c14 . is do is dír anní is psalmus , Hib. Min. 281 . is foluss dún it is evident to us, Sg. 40b14 . rop trócar rí nime dún, Hy. vi 23 . do bhádar cennsa do Chiarán, SG 3 . serc Dǽ dúibsi et for serc-si do Dia `God's love to you' (rather your love for God, etc. , see III (c) below), Wb. 18b21 . is miscuis do Dia, 3d33 . écennais . . . do na pecdachaib, PH 3478 . do marbadh iad ó esgcáirdib dhóib by enemies of theirs, SG 7 .

(d) After certain interjections: monuar dhamh, BS 40 . ach ach do ail alas for the stone! LL 181a32 . ach do phéin, ACL iii 236 § 10 . uch d'aithis, LB 106b57 . uchachan . . . don gabad fil ar mo chinn, ACL iii 233 . fochen duit a Loig, SCC § 16 (cf. fochen Conall . . . fochen Cet, IT i 103 , 104 ). mochen duib, IT i 99 .

II Introducing the person (or thing) interested in an action, state, event, or circumstance.

1 Dat. of interest in strict sense (including the dativus commodi vel incommodi) after vbs., substantives, and adjs.

(a) fo besad fir trebuir crenas tíir dia chlaind, Wb. 29d23 . condaig indocbáil dia thigerni et non sibi ipsi , 8d20 . roshuidig . . . manistir dó (= sibi monasterium conlocavit), Lat. Lives 91 . tafnetar coin alta dí wolves hunted (it) for her, Hy. v 60 . ni accim maith dúib I see no good for you, TBC-LL¹ 1780 . noco treciub duit . . . immāin tāna bó Cualṅge I will not abandon for thy sake, 1661 . dona hurtroighib rodolba Banba do macaib Miled which B. fashioned for (= against) the sons of M., Corm. Y 949 (dat. incomm.). nech diuscai debuith dia brathair who stirs up mischief against, Ériu vii 162 . cuimnigidh . . . do clandaibh Cuinn a n-anuabhar remember against, ZCP xiv 229 .

Freq. with parts of body, somet. in combination with a poss. pron.: ní forroim cid drisiuc for toind dó, TBC-I¹ 1206 . co rogab sonn in dúne dóib dar sróin, Metr. Dinds. iii 82 . gebid dúrna dar a gnúis dó, PH 2331 .

The dat. incommodi is freq. after vbs. (both trans. and intrans.) denoting a hostile movement, attack, etc.: dosleic dóib he shoots at them, SCC § 7 . focherd N. aurchor dó, TBC-I¹ 1292 . rodibairg in ngai dó, RC iii 178 . atraig cech fer di alailiu, IT i 67 . dús in fagbad . . . taidbsiu (leg. taidbsin?) do thir na talmain, SR 2584 , cf. 5823 . mairfit Ulaid a mblechtach do gressaib ┐ glammaib . . . dar cend a n-enig the U. will kill their milch-kine (to ward off) attacks and lampoons (in Folge von Beleidigungen und Satiren, Wind.), TBC-LL¹ 1737 .

(b) After nouns and adjs.: rop ámm tusmeda do mnái in rig, Lat. Lives 66 . oénach diar n-ócaib a gathering-place for our youths, Metr. Dinds. ii 80 . lx bliadan robo lān do Patraic, Thes. ii 313 . ba terc cach n-adbar dó, Imr. Brain i 52 . in lám is dílmain dom my disengaged hand, Fél. p. 200 . Esp. after a subst. employed as pred. with the copula: sóire do chách ar sóire-ni, Wb. 14b11 . togu damsa aní sin, Thes. ii 225.18 . issi in bānmartre du duiniu, 247 . ní lesainm dait Cuculaind, FB § 11 . anas muir glan don nói . . . is mag meld . . . damsa, Imr. Brain § 34 .

Note also: attroilli dúnn delegi (= diligi) a nobis he deserves of us to be loved by us, Wb. 2d13 . is doib-sin rochan in senchaid of them the shanachie has sung, Fianaig. 4 . sir in baile . . . don litin search the town for the porridge, SG 243 . do bhatur . . . ag iarraidh Erenn do scela Tana, ZCP ix 244 . atcondairc-siom ind figeill . . . do dílgud i Tamlachti do Chaindech excused for (in honour of) C., Mon. Tall. § 22 .

2 After the copula folld. by an adj. or abstract denoting what is desirable, advantageous, usual, fit, lawful, right, indifferent, necessary, etc. , or the reverse, for a person, the virtual subject being generally a vn., infinitive phrase or clause, e.g. is áil (maith, olc, mairg, bés, gnáth, cet, cóir, dliged, geiss, cumme, écen, etc.) dó; further in a variety of expressions such as: is fír (gó) dó; is cian (éim, fota, mithid) dó. For exx. see these words, and cf. further: nír fhírda dó dul don chath, SR 6903 . ba féliu duit th'immfholuch oldás teiched it were nobler for you to hide yourself, TBC-LL¹ 1973 . is col dúin dia foirglem it is a sin for us to assert it, Fél. Ep. 98 . cathugud ceilgi as clē dūind, ACL iii 327 § 30 . ni hidan lais dondhí da taberr a thaechtad he does not consider it clean dealing for the person . . . to keep it, Mon. Tall. § 41 . Contrast: is maith dom it is good for me with is m. limm I deem it a good thing: is lesc lim-sa inní sin, bar C., teiched ria n-oenfer . . . Ni lesc ám duit-siu ón, bar F., dáig techfet-sa remut-su, TBC-LL¹ 2875 . ní ba fochen leu a forcital the teaching will not be welcome to them, Wb. 30d7 . is fochen dóib they are welcome, IT i 99 . is ced dó a bith marb masa ced ra Dia let him die (lit. he has leave to die) if God permits, Moling § 62 . in annso is áil duit airisiumh? — Massedh as áil le Dia, as ann, BNnÉ 17 § 30 . in tol damsa . . . anadh sunn? is it (God's) will for me to remain here? 79 § 152 .

3 Used as the Lat. dativus ethicus (dative of pers. interested in a statement) with an imperative; only with pronouns: an dún we pray thee to wait, CRR § 6 . apair dam fri mac Saráin, Ériu iii 96 § 1 . teilg-su dún orchur forru, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 . ling dūinn lēim dona lēimennuibh sin rolingthea, BS 62 .

4 Used with subst. vb. to denote loosely possession, appurtenances, etc. ; freq. with an adv. of place, in which case it is hardly to be distinguished from cases given under II 1 (a) above: issed file do hodie this is (the form) it has at present, Sg. 140a3 . ataat ilsenman dosuidiu it has many sounds, Wb. 12c46 . dechor inna pían bete donaib pecthachaib, 13c26 . fail a mor-abba dam I have good cause, TBC-LL¹ 219 . ni bia tarba do draidechta duit, PH 2187 . ni be mundteras dó fri banscala let him have no friendship with women, Mon. Tall. § 61 . Exceptionally with copula: ? combed doib foraithmet bed torbach that there should be to them a profitable recollection, Ml. 23a2 . bid duit rige Lagen co brath, Thes. ii 341.19 . céinmair dia mba findchride, Imr. Brain § 28 .

5 With subst. vb. in the idiom: atú dó I am concerned with him, have to deal with him, generally with hostile significance I am angry with him, have something against him; oft. in impers. constr.: ished inso romboth dossom that is why they were angry with him, Wb. 19a9 , cf. 5b31 . is hed dathar dún gl. maledicimur quod speramus, 28d4 , cf. 21c9 . ni nach cin aile notaid dom it is for no other fault you are hostile to me, 19d26 . cid tai-siu don mac? what have you against the lad? TBC-LL¹ 1041 , cf. 940 , 1144 . rohinnisedh dó in fāth 'ma rabas dó, Moling § 51 . cidh 'ma bfuile damh?, ZCP x 10 . tacram a scel . . . atái dam `the matter with which thou reproachest me', Ériu vii 225 . The idiom: cid di atái? what ails thee? LL 202a9 , where do is used with neut. rel. pron., may perhaps rather be explained as an elliptical construction under the head A II; as also the later idiom: gá táim dó (why should I dwell on it?): furtacht Banba . . . gá ttá mé dho . . . ag so an té dar tairrngireadh, 3 C 3, 633.11 .

6 Used with ellipse of copula in the interrogation cid dó . . . ? why (does) he . . . ? (lit. what is it to him? with emphasis on pron.): cid dait gan a gabail aní gabas cách? why dost thou not take . . . ? TBC-LL¹ 3042 . cid dún can techt i n-agid Conculaind? why should we not go? TBC-I¹ 1484 (LU). cid duit mo ṡarugadh-sa do dhenamh?, ZCP viii 553 . cid dait-siu ná bad lat in curathmír why shouldst not thou have the champion's bit? FB § 8 .

7 Often used in impers. constr. after the copula to introduce the virtual subj. when the predicate is (a) an adverbial expression, or somet. (b) an adj., or (c) an interrog. adv.

(a) ní úainni duib-si ye are not from us, Wb. 18b9 . ní i n-óen diaithir doib they are not in one orbit, BCr. 18d5 . fora fóessam dún may we be under their protection, Hy. v 106 . bá doigh leo comad a sídib di, TE § 5 ( IT i 120 ). fa righ ┐ sagart Melcisideic ┐ mar an gceudna do Chríost, Eochairsg. 26 . Especially after DE followed by noun in pl. to denote class to which the virtual subject belongs (see Bergin, Ériu xi 149 ): de Iudéib do Barnaip, di geintib do Thit B. was a Jew, T. a Gentile, Wb. 18d6 . di Grecaib dóib huili, Sg. 31b2 . robo do mnáib glicca in domain di, Acall. 7426 . Note also: is de corpore dissi (i.e. the eye), Wb. 12a26 . Freq. joined with expressions of time, the copula being omitted: bliadain lan dó oc tinól na flede, FB § 1 . for tuili doib . . . cethracha lá ┐ aidche, SR 2523 , cf. 4820 .

(b) ní segda dom, Trip.² 1765 . madh calma duitsiu inā dósom if thou art more valiant than he, Ériu v 152 . conadh treisi don toictiu inas duin that Fate is stronger than we, CCath. 4072 .

(c) can duibse? whence are ye? Sg. 242a2 . can deit a ingen? TE § 5 ( IT i 120 ). cinnas do a rad . . . ? why should he say . . .?, Thes. ii 311.19 . cinnus do sluagh tire Temrach? how is it with the host . . .?, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 .

8 Freq. used after vbs. in impers. construction, esp. compds. with imm- denoting reciprocal action: ní 'manacige dó frim-sa he shall not see me, Ériu ii 194 . comorogaib dóib a ndís the pair grappled with each other, Metr. Dinds. iii 82 . imatarla doib, Anecd. v 11 . imatarraid dūn, ib. immotaéth dóib both sides will fall, LL 275a30 . immacomsinitar dóib, FB § 38 . With intrans. vbs.: ó thánic dóib co dérgud, FB § 80 . ó do chomraic dóib i n-aeninud when they met, SG 360 . anais don Caillin i Tul[aig] C. remained, Fen. 180 . With subst. vb.: fil dún ó thossuch dúle cen áiss we are without age, Imr. Brain § 44 . fochtus Diarmait innus na bé ndi, RC xi 129 . Cf. further: robá-sa i n-imṡnim mor . . . co roglé dam till I arrived at a decision, IT i 98 . co roglé dó a caithim uile, BNnÉ 300 . co tair damh-sai aislingi . . . d'indisin duit till I have finished telling you my dream, MacCongl. 117 . With ellipse of vb.: as tir duit get thee out of the country, RC xx 24 . dún sís dond ath down with us to the ford, TBC-I¹ 1193 . dochum na chuchdiri dóib, Mon. Tall. § 12 .

III Introducing agent after passive (finite), verbal of necess., and (most freq.) vn.

(a) After pass. vb.: imberthar fidcella dún let us play chess, SCC § 3 . toirimt[h]er tōraind in lis don mnái, Corm. Y 502 . doberar dam duid gid ni nar chuindgis thou shalt receive from me, YBL 167a4 . doces do co roba ben he perceived (it seemed to him?) that it was a woman, Todd Nenn. 210 . cumachta na flatha dia tardad in fín, LL 282b3 `by whom the wine was given', Meyer, GJ iv 217 .

(b) After verbal of necess. and participial adjs. compounded with in-: ní tabarthi dímess do neoch for nach n-énirt, Wb. 6c19 . ni denti duib-si anisin, Ml. 82a7 . connarb inríata dó in chonar, FB § 36 . is inchreidte dóibh they ought to believe, Eochairsg. 21.34 .

(c) After vn. both of trans. and intrans. vbs.: airitiu colno do Christ, Wb. 31d2 . tre atlogud buide donaib nóibaib thanksgiving by the saints, 17a3 . slige dund aingiul inna nAssar the slaying of the A. by the angel, Ml. 16c12 . rena richtin du Pool before P. reached it, Thes. i 495 ( Ardm. 107b ). fer do marbad do Moise, SR 3726 . scrin Dochoma do briseadh doaibh, AU 797 . (Intrans. vb.) magthad lasuidiu cretem do geintib, Wb. 5a1 . oc techt dam dar Maig L., SCC § 34 . buid domsa i n-iriss, Wb. 5b20 . iure feidligthe disi i n-ógi by the principle of its remaining in integrity, Sg. 16a14 .

With IAR and vn.: iarna grísad dond araid on being urged on by the charioteer, FB § 43 . iar ndiultad do Petar a thigerna, PH 605 . iar mbeith ceangailte d'ár lámhaibh (= ligatis manibus), TSh. 6762 . ar gclos a anma d'Éirinn, SG 1 .

édánacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. édánacht or dil.ie/19677

 

n f. (neg. of 1 dánacht) timidity: docuadar tar muincinn in mara gan anadh gan ḟuirech gan édanacht, KMMisc. 317.24 . d'urradhas nó dh'éadánacht, TD 17.60 .

éimdid, éimid, éim(d)igid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éimdid, éimid, éim(d)igid or dil.ie/19805

 

Forms: féimdid, ro (f)eimdid, éimdhidh-, éimdhigh-

v also féimdid, etc. (cf. under as-midethar, fémdid, fo-émid, for-émid); the -m- is freq. lenited in later MSS., see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 579 . Cóir Anm. 1 . In forms such as ro (f)eimdid the pres. s. 3 may have been taken as the stem, but éimdhidh-, éimdhigh- would fall together in Mid. Ir.

I Refuses, rejects (with acc. of pers. or thing, or with imm of thing and for or ar of pers.):

(a) tancus a Fair...┐ a hElis do thochmarc na n-ingen...Ra eimthiusa sin uili I rejected them all TTebe 663 . ga fear nár éimdhigh? what suitor has she not rejected? IGT, Introd. § 94 . ro heimdedh an comhuirle sin aca they rejected that counsel ZCP x 288.14 . in fhleadh icár heimdhed isi at which she was refused (refreshment) Lism. L. 1243 . níor éimdheabhair neach you never refused (the petition of) any TD 14.36 ; 25.7 . iarrais B. an mart...éimghis an bhean é, Keat. iii 1059 . an dara hathchuinghe do iarr C....do éimidh A. sin A. refused to grant that 1502 . ro emgeatar dul refused to go TBC-LL¹ 2858 St. TSh. 7511 . ro éimhdhigh (v.l. eimhigh) dul, FDG 317n. do eimghidh S. ┐ M. feis `refused to be espoused' ML 12.27 . ro eimgedar na Goill an cath refused battle Cog. 210.28 . TD 32.15 . do éimidh sé Saul do mharbhadh, TSh. 2452 . ro éimigset a thabairt refused to give him AFM v 1770.4 .

(b) N....rofemid imm oenbargin refused a single loaf SR 6308 . fémthit...a n-asbertis they refuse (to do) what they said Trip. 130.10 . femdid in fer ...in marbad refused to commit the murder YBL 63b39 = femdig, LB 115b24 ( indara fer feimdeth gail, SR 3255 , see Strachan's VSR, line 185n. ). na femdeg comland let him not refuse combat Ériu i 114.9 . ní ba meisi cétḟerfeímthébas sochur ḟeraind na G. do chosnam who shall refuse to defend TTr.² 88 . ro ataigh P. eisim co tarta iasacht...do. Ro feimhidh in t-occlach fairsium sin D IV 2, 73 [63]ra 13 . rogāidh for P. anadh...Ro feimdhigh P. sin, 72 [62]vb 13 . ó ro fhéimig (v.l. ro éimhigh) C. in inar refused to accept FDG 292 = MR 40.2 .

II Fails: (a) o ro emidh tra...A. impide for L. imonī ro chuindig fair `was unable to prevail with' Aen. 1660 . In this sense forms with f- are regular, see fémdid, -igid, fo-émid, for-émid.

éislis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éislis or dil.ie/19885
Last Revised: 2019

 

n f. IGT, Decl. 66.14 . disregard, disdain, contempt, neglect: eislis .i. faillighe no dimbhrígh, O'Cl. coig anmand cinath conlat ar andug: fa(i)ll, eislis, elgon, imraichne, anfot, O'Mulc. 456 . cid missi not gaba [sc. in mac] ni epelai faill no esliss if it be I who take him neglect or contempt shall not destroy him IT i 141.24 (= na héislis lemsa, 141.10 ). mana follaigter tre eisles unless neglected through contempt Laws ii 234.1 = ZCP xiv 346 ( .i. mana follaigter tre dimus, no tre ailsed leasa, tre eisles .i. tre ḟaill ḟrichnamha, Laws ii 234.9 ). dilius cach turcreic iar fognum techta cen meth, cin follugad, cen elguin, cin ecell, cen eislis 'ohne Geringschätzung' ZCP xiv 364 = Laws ii 268.12 . toirsiu cin esliss, omon cen dercoined, ZCP iii 447.6 . a ṡrian ma chend lecar leis | co tí cen ḟell cen eisleis, Metr. Dinds. iii 454.64 . eslis for timna rig nime | is ed dober daib in digail, Snedg. u. Mac R § 73 . doberat eislis for timna nDé, RC ix 24.15 . is ail ┐ aithis ┐ eisleis tucusa urri, Acall. 2782 . dorat orum aithis... | tócbhaim mu láim ...ndeis | nocha ndernas ann eisleis | doradas dorn dara bhél I did not treat it lightly (?) (hesitate ?) 1427 . lebaid ...d'ór is d'aircet gan eisleis, 794 . Fert Caín... | rosamlad ar mo láim deis | rop adbar áig i n-éislis, Metr. Dinds. iii 228.28 (cf. note on p. 518 ). a cheol nír ceol co n-eislis, Acall. 638 . a cur ada dernainn deis | re ndul do snam gan eislis to put it [sc. a talisman] in thy right palm...without fail ZCP x 345 § 10 . fuair a iomcoimhet gan eislis `was carefully kept in confinement' AFM vi 2262.4 . an tán na fuairsiott...élang na eislis forsan fforcoimhed baoi forra, Hugh Roe, 272.8 (f. 72a) . dus an ccaomhsatais d'éislis [sic leg.] no d'etim rochtain...co S., 278.24 (f. 74a) . occa rádh nar bo cóir na Gaill do telgadh as na hiomchumhgaibh a mbátar ┐ na fuighbithe in éislis do ridhisi, dia n-ernaitis uaidhibh an tansin 174.18 (f. 47a) . Cf. Ri cen grāin...cen greis | nim ḟail bith inna heisleis, SR 2562 .

do-beir é.¤ with gen. or inf. pron. of obj., despises, contemns, neglects, disregards (see KZ xlviii 48 ): manat aigter ind gille...nipa mor do brig lais ┐ dotberae eislis will treat thee with contempt Mon. Tall. § 37 . Cf. gille dano ...ni hecen aithrigi disuidiu arnachoarda [leg. arnachattarda ?] eislis, ib. ni thabraim eisliss na ngeinti I do not ignore (neglect to take into account) the Gentiles Ériu vi 122.7 . do-beir i n-, d(o) é.¤ id.: ba crúaid fri crúas ar náchattarda nech i n-éislis, Tec. Corm. § 30.8 = Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i p. 18 . ní thar[a]t ócu i n-éisleis was heedful of warriors Metr. Dinds. iv 46.60 . ní tharat Cellach i n-eslis O. C. was on his guard against O. LU 53b24 = Anecd. i 16.9 . ro raidi Ionathán fris | Saul na tabair d' eisleis be on thy guard against Saul SR 6110 . fearr duibh na tarta a n-eisslis, Anecd. ii 66.2 . intí tuc lebar aiffrind...i n-esliss, PH 7334 . sochaidi dorochair leiss | nirbo thabarta d' eisleis he was not one to be disregarded RC xiv 422.2 . nipa tauartha-sum a n-eislis, Anecd. ii 63.12 (a n-om., v.l.). cé dogénsam ainmne uime frisin cédgreis | ...ni coir a tabairt i n-eislis, ACL iii 295.22 . conid tabartha i n-eisleis in fer-sa o shunn, ZCP iii 3 n. 5 . léicid i n-é.¤ neglects, disregards: tre ionnarbadh na mna...na rom léigfedh a n-eisliss dom chailg etir bheacha who would not have left me uncared for, to be stung FDG 256n. ni ro leiccsiot somh i n-eislis innsin uair do ruachtatar gan anadh they attended to that (order) AFM vi 2122.24 . ro hathnuadhaighthe...gach eglais rolécthi i faill ┐ i n-éislis ii 1084.9 . nis relicc ÓD. a muintir i n-éislis ar no biodhsomh...etorra & na Gaill dia n-imdeghail, Hugh Roe, 264.12 (f. 70a) . pl. tennait a n-eslesa .i. letrait gach aon doberait aillsedh fora leas `they cut their negligences' O'Dav. 1542 . Attrib. gen. (?): nir bo hétir ar nar bo heislise, BB 65a26 = Tec. Corm. § 19.29 v.l. aos éslesa caīch 'der Menschenschlag von kurzsichtiger Nachlässigkeit', Akten Linz 139 § 11 . briathar eislis, ZCP vii 302.9 may be corrupt.

fáes(s)am

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáes(s)am or dil.ie/21032
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: faesaim, fóesama, foesma, faesma, faíseamh, foesmaib, f., fáesam, f., fáesam, f., faesam, faesam, f., saíre, fáesam

u, o, m. (vn. of fo-sisedar. Cf. Mid. W. gwaessaf, gwayssav, Loth, RC xxxviii 300 ): g s. faesaim, BDD 162 (foesma Y). fóesama (for this form see Hessen, ZCP x 321 ) LU 4871 = foesma, TBC-I¹ 383 . pl. faesma, Laws v 48.20 Comm. n s. faíseamh (o, m.) IGT, Decl. § 28 (fáeisimh proscribed as incorrect).

I

(a) in lit. sense `standing under,' hence bearing up under, supporting (?): úair nach fóisam in lind, berim-se maccáem ... tarsi, TBC-LL¹ 1305 (`Fuss-Feste' Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 629 ; anuair nach roichther in linn la cách St); cf. bói C. forsin lind ... ┐ ni ba faesam cid si, TBC-LL¹ 1945 . Possibly an extended use: trustworthy, safe . In follg. ex. Dr. Binchy would see a metaph. use of the meaning adopting, taking into protection (see below): issi innfine i fintedaib griain a tir i fuissither; ar i[s] sruithiu la Feine in foesam andsen oldás a tir as a tairidnither, Laws iv 206.9 (glossed: f. .i. in línd, 208.17 ), i.e. the land in which water is collected in a standing pool or reservoir ranks higher than that in which it has its source. Here the four adjacent holdings are in the matter of water-rights likened to the four categories of affinity, viz. gelfine, deirbfine, iarfine and innfine. See ib. p. 166 .

(b) in the literature usually protection, safeguard: co nach fagbad foisam lat | cid do mac nothaesad fritt, Ériu ix 45 § 5 . is ... essamna mór do T. toidecht cen ḟaosam cen chomairche ina tíre, TTr.² 246 . faosamh .i. comairce, O'Cl. `faosamh' is cuime [ = coimge?] ... dhá ainm cumairce, Metr. Gl., Ff. 31 . luid epscop Erc do thig Ḟ. ... ┐ coṅgab in mac ina ucht, ┐ focheird a ḟoesam ┐ a oentaid fris (i.e. bp. E. placed himself under his protection. Cf. the parallel passage: gabh misi cucat amail mhanach ndilius, Lism. L. 3359 = suscipe me monachum tibi obedientem Lat. Lives 102 ), Fél. 132.25 . With prep. DE, FO and esp. FOR (AR), folld. by subj. gen. under the protection (of): for foísam ríg na ndule comairche nachanbēra [ = -mēra ?], Thes. ii 306 ( Hy i 53 ). cor marbad a ri do fáesam Bachla Issa while [i.e. in spite of being] under the safeguard of RC xviii 28.21 (Tig.) = dar comhairge na bachla, AFM 1109 . A. do marbad la T. ... do ḟaesamh na bachla Isu, AU 1015 . pl. in concrete sense: Cinaedh ... demersus est. ... di foesmaib degdoine nErenn ┐ comarbhai Patraic in spite of the guarantees of AU 850 . in cath bar th'oesam ┐ bar do chommairge, LL 176a43 ( CRR 38 ). iar marbad mac nUsnig for a ḟaisam ┐ for a chommairgi, TBC-LL¹ 464 . ba for a foesam boi Fergus F. was under their protection LU 1619 . is ed doroachtmar fort foesam sunn `'Tis for that we have come hither under thy safeguard' BDD 3 . co ndigset som uili ar m'o(e)sam-sa ┐ ar m'imdegail feib dochuadusa ar a faesam sun ..., TBC-LL¹ 941 . rogab indala n-ae for foesam mBuidb ... gabais araile [for] faessam Ochaille placed himself under the protection of Dinds. 57 . Cf. dia ngaba for faosum `wenn er unter den Schutz gekommen ist' Ir. Recht p. 51 . gur bhó heiccen dona bárdaibh tocht diairm for faesamh an Iustís, AFM vi 2272.1 . ar fhaosam nó ar ionchaibh Íosa, TSh. 2716 . do muirbfedh ... fer ar faosaomh bfer talman would slay a man (even though he were) under the safeguard of everyone ZCP xiii 12.19 . Freq. in ellipt. optative sentence: for a [ḟ]óessam dún innocht may we be under His safeguard Hy i 2 . ar th'faosamh dhamh, a Dhé..., Aithd. D. 73.1 . for a foísam dún ar talmain, LL 364 marg. ( Mart. Tall. 122 ). for foessam duit na saille !, MacCongl. 83 . Less freq. with obj. gen.: ced ná ro nass do foessam-su forsna maccu? why were not the boys pledged to protect you? LU 4894 . téit cosna maccu cen naidm a fóesama [foesma Y] forru, LU 4871 . do chor th' aesma ┐ t'imdegla for in maccraid, TBC-LL¹ 881 = do comairci St. can chur a fáisma foraib, 911 . geib-siu fort faesam na macraide, 944 . O. rogab fóesam ḟír-Ḟoebair | oc Síd B. ... fo frith fóesam do R. O. undertook protection of R. Metr. Dinds. iii 272.38 (cf. Dinds. 57 , above). cuirim m'ḟaosamh ar a ḟuil I entrust myself to His blood Ir. Monthly 1928, 439 .

(c) legal uses. In Law texts f.¤ is common in the meaning protection: ni techta nach foessam ar na tegat ratha fine no `f.¤' is lawful which the sureties of the family do not warrant Laws iv 206.17 . ni bi acraidi faesam (nocha bi acra ... don ti bis ar foesam neich) `no person who is under protection is qualified to sue' [can be sued ?] i 102x (104.24) .

The maxim: cach faesam co fognam, Aib. Cuigni 54 ( ACL iii 227 ; ZCP xvii 56 ) is obscure, and has not been found elsewhere. cisa Mumhan ... do Chaisil ... cach bliadhna dobearar .i. smacht ┐ biathad ┐ turgnumh [turtugud v.l.] ┐ faesamh, Leb. Cert. 60 . nocha nuil eneclann na faosam do he has no honor-price or power of protection (Binchy) Laws ii 24.4 .

Sometimes a different meaning is implied: in the following legal expressions the original meaning seems to be acknowledgment (cf. coibsena .i. confessiones .i. comfaesaime, Thr. Ir. Gl. 11 = chomfaoisitin, Corm. Y 292 , and see fo-sisedar): aicc macu hi foisam do raithe frisin fiach so find sureties for assuming thy guarantee of this debt Bürgschaft 28 § 76 . cf. luid iarum i mMumain co ndeirgene foesam a ingine fri (nō for) Oengus. dobert iarum Oengus ferann do mac a ingine, Rawl. 119a26 = co M. do cuinnighid faesam [sic] a ingini for Aengus, BB 121a37 . ro chuindigh ... faosam a ingine for Aonghus, LL 381a24 (Oengus was the father of the girl).

In the sense protection, privilege , `f.¤ ' is found in connexion with entertainment of the lord and (or) his followers, and in connexion with distraint, seizure of cattle for unpaid dues, etc. "`fáesam' often denotes the immunity from legal process which a person of high rank confers on an inferior, usually a client (céle), who has entertained him and his retinue in accordance with the obligations of clientship. This immunity lasts for a certain period after the departure of the protecting person, whose status determines the duration of the `f.¤ ' During this period the `protected' person has `saíre' (= `f.¤ ' from his point of view) i.e., no legal claims which others have against him may be enforced by the process of distraint." (Dr. Binchy). In these passages the phr. `facaib f.¤ fair,' etc., is common. The meaning is evidently `leaves' (i.e. `confers, bestows on') though the translation `relinquish' often appears in the published Laws. The use in connexion with stay of seizure may be the origin of the later sense relief in illness, passing of the crisis, see II below. A satisfactory definition of this legal `fáesam' would involve a concurrent discussion of the terms `comairce, snádud, turtugud, turbaid' and `saíre,' some of which are often equated with `f.¤ ' by the commentators. All that can be done here is to quote a few passages illustrating the usage. See Ir. Recht 73.1 ff . turtugadh ... ré fedh urgnamha in bidh ┐ comairche in aired bes a caithemh a mbaile ┐ faesam ... iar fagbail in baile, uair is a n-ecmais nech bís a faesam ┐ ina coimitecht bis a comairce . amail atbeir a n-edgidh: .c.c. a caemachta .c. faesma a n-ecnairc, O'Curry 1386 (< H 3.18, 630 ). Here, as Dr. Binchy points out, the reference is to the `faesam' bestowed by the lord on his host while he is entertained, and for a period (see below) after his departure. But the note seems somewhat confused, as `comairce' regularly refers to an escorting safeguard. In the following version `comairce' is replaced by `turbaid': dethbir itir turrtugh ┐ torbaidh ┐ faosamh: in turrtugh .i. re ollmuithe an bidh . in turbaid .i. re a caithme . in faosam .i. iarna cathamh, O'Curry 2651 (< Eg. 88, 55b ). Cf. foesam .i. fo-sisithar tar crich, Ir. Recht p. 6 (no context). The lord, when he takes refection from the `céle,' thereby postpones any such impending seizure. While the meal is being prepared `turtugud' comes into force; while it is being consumed `comairce' (or `turbaid'); for a period after consumption and departure of the guest `faesam.' intí aca mbí tech, is fair facabar faosam, O'Dav. 999 . In some passages in Commentary `f.¤ ' is loosely equated with `turtugud,' e.g. throughout the Uraicecht Becc, Comm.: turtugud mīs dō (.i. mī a lānḟaesam bid ┐ fonadma), Laws v 46.25 ( 48.8 ; 50.7 ; 56.17 ). aenlā a t. (.i. aen-lā a lānḟ.¤ bīdh), etc. 58.16 (19) . athgabail tar turtugad cach duini bes tualuing a turtugad (.i. dar f.¤ cach duine is cuimgech f.¤ do gabail uirre), 256.31 (258.19) .

The time for which `f.¤ ' was valid varied with status (see last quot.): cred do beir cona commór faesamh ┐ turtugud ┐ dama fechta feile ┐ foluch n-othrusa do ri tuaithe ┐ mortuaithi ┐ nach commor enech what is the reason that the king of a territory and the king of a great territory are equal as regards `f.¤' and `t.' and followers on a free visit, and sick-maintenance, while their honour-price is not the same? O'Curry 1383 (< H 3.18, 629a ). faosamh na righ so .i. mi do righ tuaithe ┐ morthuaithe. tri caoicthis do ri tuath . raithe do rí cuicidh . bliadhain do ri Erenn, O'Curry 1260 (< H 3.18, 509 ). faosum na tri n-airech forgill .xx. laithe cechtar de na deisi si is taire . mi don fir is ferr, O'Curry 1261 (ib.). See also discussion on periods of `f.¤ ' in connexion with distraint, Laws i 100 .

Fractions of `f.¤ ' are referred to: masa lainbiathad cu fodnaidm, is lanfoesum fagabhar ara sgath . masa lain-biathadh cin fosnaidm ... is lethfoesum fagabhur ar a sgath, Laws ii 28.22 Comm. in t-ainmrainne don biudh ro caith curub é in t-ainmruinne sin don lanfoesumh fagbus ara sgath ib. 31 . miter foltaib .i. dus cia foessamh, in ōgh, in leth ... nō mitear ┐ rl. .i. in ndlighe foessamh etir ... nō ... in ndlighe fosister itir, O'Curry 510 (a fragment in H 3.18, 258 ; unfortunately the context has not been found).

If the guests fail to arrive, a fraction of `f.¤ ' is still valid: ca hait a faghbas [leg. fāgbhas ?] duine faosam fair budein ┐ a biadh do caithem dō ? ... an inbaid ro dáilestar dámh na tainic fechtus aile dia saigid, madh ro faillidhedar in dámh bodeisin, no mad docuadar re tosca deithbire ┐ ro chaithestar biadh, is a lethfaosam fagbus air, ┐ ise sin aon ina[d] isin mberla Feine ana fagbann nech faosam air ┐ a biadh budein do caithem dó, O'Curry 2448 (< Eg. 88, 36b ) = Laws ii 30x Comm.

The following refer specifically to prevention of distraint , i.e., seizure of cattle: a tabairt do snadud as tualaing a turtaigthi (.i. faesam d'facbail uirri, .i. crui) mad cen airis snaite, mad don snadud rongabthar asrenar log n-enech in snaite (.i. is uais ernither log enech fir in faesma don athgabail do lecon fon caill), Laws i 92.1 (98.13) . f.¤ sin tainic re re n-apaidh ┐ troiscthi, 100.1 . man ro airbertnaig a faesam cur gabadh athgabail de is anadh dechmaide ar in athgabail, 100.5 Comm. mas a n-aimsir lobtha [tainic in f.¤] nocha saorund ar fogelt na ar bleith na ar lobad hí, uair ni téit an faosam amach 'na deagaidh, ┐ téit in turbhadh, 102.4 Comm. cach baile atáit dá foesum no a tri ann, deghuidh i ndeghuidh tangatur na foesmhu ann, ┐ damadh i n-aínḟecht, nocha bia acht in foesumh bu sia . ┐ i bforbad ré anta táinic in foesam ann, ┐ dama[dh] re ré n-anta, isedh budh anudh di re ré in foesma uili, ii 102.15 Comm . mad ro urfaem in bidbaidh apadh, ┐ troscadh i faesam, cia no airberedh a faesam ria ngabail athgabala de, teit turrtughadh la fogail ann; is slan athgabail do gabail de, Laws i 98x . cf. téd turrtugh la fogail .i. téd an comairce deisim la fogail do denamh do mhuin na comairce ... no dno, téd de an turrtugh ┐ bí fair in faosamh, O'Curry 2441 (< Eg. 88, 36a ).

Cf. ní féith [ = féich ?] faosam fo chaoill .i. an faosam ar dibail ma ro thairmisc apa ┐ trosca, O'Curry 2650 (< Eg. 88, 55b ).

In some passages `saíre' and `fáesam' seem to stand for different aspects of the same process, e.g.:

Leath saire mad fuit notfuide neach fri fothugh[adh] tēchta (.i. leth foesum fagbus masa neach eile fuidhius uadh i[n]neach sin do caithiumh bid céilsine flatha) `Half free-quarters if another person sends [some] one upon lawful entertainment (that is, he loses one-half of protection if it be another person that sends him to consume the food which is due to the chief from his tenant)' Laws ii 26.16 . In H 3.18, 332 (reading: no da fuidhe) this is expld.: .i. leath faesam facbaith mad fuidet fuides neach iad do chaithem ineich na fothaigend co dligech biad celsine na flatha, ┐ leathfaesam no fuicfed fein for a ceile, ┐ isseadh facbaidh in coindem cuirter dia cathem fo aicned na flatha, fáesam imorro fon aicned [féin ?] facbaid in coindem for in flaith, O'Curry 682 . In Eg. 88, 36 , which gives of the text only the last four words, the commentary reads: .i. biadh ceilsine na flatha sin, ┐ in flaith do chuir a dam [feachta] fele da caithem, ┐ faosamh na flatha do facbail doibh ar in ceile, ┐ a lanfaosamh do facbail dona damhaibh ar in flath fo aicne [fon aicniudh budein ..., Laws ii 28 ] ar ise tuc biadh doibh . Ocus is ann sin ataitt da faosam a dualgus aonbidh, O'Curry 2446 (also Laws ii 28.1 ff . with slight verbal variants). `saíre' in this passage surely = exemption ? On the same page it is 6 times rendered "`saire'—exemption." See also footnote on p. 18 .

In these passages `saíre" apparently = the exemption due to the presence of `fáesam.' Cf. also fír faosma fosearnathar saire, saoire biata, saoire foghnuma, saoire faosma do cach fo miadh miter cach coir cirt, O'Curry 2443 (< Eg. 88, 36 ) = Laws ii 20.15 , where the rendering of the text, fir foesuma `true protection' cannot be right. Leg. fri faosma (or -am) fo-sernatar, etc., exemptions are arranged according to protection ? ni tuaslaige nach saire no nach faosam bes isle agra bes uaisle enech .i. ... ní is mo na logh enech fir in faosaim don athgabail do legan as re ré in faosaim in inbaid is dar an fis faosma i n-ecmais ro gabadh an athgabail .i. lubra ┐ bidh, ┐ fonadma, O'Curry 2657 ff . (< Eg. 88, 56 ). ni fil saire fri dithim iar n-eagar. ata imorro turbuidhe ┐ faor ┐ faosam, O'Curry 2728 (< Eg. 88, 61 ).

(d) Attrib. gen. :

cēle faesma (foissmad LB) a tenant under the protection of his lord Corm. Y 532 (see ZCP xv 247 and cf. faísitiu). cele faesma .i. in cele faoismither [sic leg.] ac neach, O'Dav. 1327 . Of taking into protection, adopting: seoit foesma the `seds' paid for the admission of children of doubtful origin into the `fine,' apparently to the more legitimate children whose shares in the family property might be diminished thereby: conic in t-athair mac na mban aititin do gabail re re budein cen fír ┐ cen ṡeotu foesma ┐ nocho roindind se dibaid in athar iar n-ēc an athar ris na macaib aile co tuca seotu faesma dona macaib aile, ┐ fír da mberait amarfis fair. Na huile meic taide uile conic in t-athair a ngabail re re no iar re cin fír, ┐ nocho coinig cen seotu faesma, ┐ inti no berad dibaid an athar otha na mic taide amach curab e beris na seotu faesma rl., O'Curry 702 ( H 3.18, 338 ). mic na mban taighe, ce nogabhta a oen no dedhe dibh docum na fine co fīr no co setuibh faoesmha, ma ro forbridar co bfuilet coimlín fine is ecin fīr Dē anosa dia fastadh, Laws iv 294.5 Comm. (of certain classes of women :) Ni berat comperta for fine .i. nocha berait ini comairbertnaigter uathuib for in fine can fīr ┐ seotu faosma leo don fine amach, v 276.25 Comm . cain-berad meirdrecha ... .i. is taitnemach berait na mna is merdrech in ní donither riu i lanamnus ... acht co tucait fīr ┐ seoit faesma leis .i. a altram do denam di, 452.24 Comm .

cin log faesma (.i. cen log ar a faisitnighudh .i. secht cumala), 456.23 (of admission of illegitimate sons to tribe). i taidhe dorinnedh na mic so ... ┐ fior ┐ seotu faosma doberaid lais dia fastadh for in athair amach, O'Curry 2236 (cf. 2235 ). cor faesma `a contract of adoption ' Laws iv 60.13 (.i. in cor curtar risin mac faesma an fine `a covenant which is made with the adopted son of the tribe' 62.3 ). mac fáesma adopted son : in cutruma bias o duine do mac faesma du geilḟine no do deirbḟine ar dénum a gaire ... uair nugu roich in trian no in leath cu cóir acht re macc faesma d'anḟine, O'D. 2255 (< Rawl. B 506, 20a ). fine taccuir .i. na meic foesma `adopted sons' Laws iv 288.14 . fine taccuir issede domberat cuir bel a foessam `who give verbal contracts in adoption' Laws iv 284.16 . `mac fáesma' is distinguished from `dalta': dighail daltadh na fine .i. dalta coitcenn na fine, ┐ dighail fir foseisiter fine .i. dighail in ḟir ḟaoismighes in ḟine don ghaire in tseanorach .i. in mac faosmadh, O'Curry 391 (< H 3.18, 219a ). in dalta ┐ in gormac ┐ in mac faosam [leg. —ma or —aim] eneclann dleghaid in fine ina marbad sen ib. See Thurn. ZCP xiv 371.27 . aitire fáesma a supporting guarantor (?): the guarantor of acceptance (?) (dist. from a. luigi and a. nadma), Bürgschaft 22 § 64 . caide aitire foisma ? fo-sisithar side smachta dam in fasach sin, 25 § 68 (passage corrupt, in Thurneysen's opinion). fath faoisimh (ni fáth fáoisidh v.l.) `cause of protection' BNnÉ 249.15 . Cf. co bér breth for ḟáth faosmha, fer fotha ... fer faosmha, fer foghnamha, Ériu xiii 16.12 (expl. : faesamh .i. foghlaim ut est co ber breith for fátha faesam [fath faesma v.l.], O'Dav. 859 ) = cotober breth fo[r] fath faesma ib. Ériu xiii 59w (< H 3.18, 207a ). cis lir ó ndleghaid filidh faosmha raith ? easpuicc righ saoi, file fireon ..., Ériu xiii 34.9 .

II In Early Mod. Ir. relief, assuagement (cf. the use in c above which sometimes approaches the meaning relief), esp. recovery (from illness): fiabhras ar nach foil faoiseamh 'a fever for which there is no relief', Celtica xxvi 98 § 13 . an tan gheibhid na heasláin faoisiomh, 23 K 42, 19.1 . a ttosach an ḟaoisiomha, 20.15 . an uáir fúair sé fáoiseamh = when he began to amend John iv 52 . gan fortacht gan faoiseamh, Keat. Poems 1585 .

1 fásach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fásach or dil.ie/21329

 

Forms: fassag, fásaige, fasaigib, fasaig, fássach, fasaigib

n o, s, n. (?) n s. fassag (mbreth), O'Mulc. 495 . n p. fásaige, see below. A legal precedent, a decision which has passed into a maxim; a proverbial saying: fāsach (no fāisech) ... .i. dobir in brethem cosmailius don chaingin ima fuiglither ... ┐ adfet iarom in [m]brith ronucsat brethemnai gaotha fuirre, Corm. Y 611 . canaid in breithem fassach fir-aicnid ┐ roscadh filed, 1224 s.v. tuirigin. fassag ebraice transgressio .i. robuth ann riamh ce dorearacht, unde dicitur: fassag mbreth .i. quod dixerunt qui de hoc mundo transierunt (i.e. a saying of the ancients) O'Mulc. 495 (cf. Corm. Y 433 ). ní huasligethar nach mbrethemuin mani fassach fírinne fiastar, ZCP xi 93.6 . cisne tri leaca ... nād fuaslaici dliged nā fuigeall nā fāsach, Laws v 450.2 . cf. rae tae torae nís fóirithe fola na fásach, Ériu xiii 29.28 . ar us seanfasac la feine, Laws iv 154.21 (with gl.: ar is sencinded, 156.4 . O'Dav. 906 ). a breith gin fasach `without a precedent' Laws v 352.4 . i sreathaibh roscaigh ┐ fasaigh ┐ airchetail precedent (ancient ruling) Auraic. 337 . is cían o as fásach ni gebthar cath cen ríg, LU 1514 ( MU² 1012 ). in gaedhealg fasaig (.i. i fis ogae), BB 300b3 . d du. ar in de fasaigib no dareithet: ni fognai lam laim, ni daim enecland anadh `from the two maxims which give relief' Laws i 228.16 . pl. it fasaig ┐ roscaid berthe [leg. berte] brethe (= judgments are decided by precedents and maxims) ZCP xi 89.23 . fasaige na filed precedents, maxims (one of the kinds of `bérla tobaide') Auraic. 1303 . fasoighe (fasaid v.l.), 4620 . asberad araili comad e in berla Feini fasaigi na filed ┐ co nach berla fo leith etir, 1337 . dogniat ina firta condat fasaige, Anecd. v 25.14 . g p. lín fássach `a number of precedents' Triads 178 . d p. brithem fri brithemnas ar roscadaib ┐ fasaigib , LU 9790 = Trip. 566.4 . ní fuigledar nach fuigled nad bí co fássaigib fírinne fossaigedar a breith unless he support his judgment by just precedents ZCP xi 82.2 = manip co fasaigib firinne fo gabthar, 89.23 .

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