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acarb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. acarb or dil.ie/120

 

Forms: aggarb, adgarb, adhgharbh, agharbh

adj o, ā (ad + garb). aggarb, Desid. Gloss. Later also adgarb ( Celtica i 338 ). adhgharbh, PCT 332, 533, 1049 . agharbh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 499 , 544 .

Very rough, very fierce: acer .i. agarb, Ir. Gl. 385 . accra .i. ai agarb, O'Mulc. 14 . caillech . . ./ is sí acgarb écosmail, Metr. Dinds. iv 138.72 . robdar scairbigi acgarba in coicer sin, Anecd. i 46.15 . in cend attnech a.¤ mór út, RC xiv 428.5 ( LL 12977 ). na n-athach n-uathmar n-agarbh, BB 43b3 . slíabh cairrcidhe acarbh, CCath. 1338 . in tsrotha aggairp, Fl. Earls 88.4 . inna haidchi imdorcha acgairbi, TTebe 267 . cech finna sescnidi imluati a.¤ (of hair), RC xiv 404.7 ( LL 12638 ). agastar agarb iarrain a rough bridle of iron, SG 260.15 . lán an eascra aghghairbh iairnaidhe, Feis Tighe Chonáin 544 . cath . . . agarb, Cog. 110.12 . conid eccenais accarb do na pecdachaib, PH 3478 .

Compar. and superl.: acairbiu hé . . . andá tír na pían (of a wall of fire), LU 2221 ( FA 29 ). mas re fiadh is acairbi nas is aithgin isin coin a deer that is fiercer than he, Laws v 194.24 Comm. slíabh . . . is accairbhi do ṡleibhtibh, CCath. 1202 .

Adv.: co áigthide ┐ co ha.¤ , LU 2131 ( FA 20 ). secib ni raiter co hacgarb, Auraic. 466 = co hacarp, 2931 .

Cf. athgarb.

anda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anda or dil.ie/3467

 

x see 2 dar.

and(a)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. and(a) or dil.ie/3468

 

n and .i. andus (= annus) .i. bliadain, O'Curry 123 (H 3.18, 75a). anda .i. bliadain, 1418 (ib. 637). ? Inferred from annála, Plummer MS notes. See 1 ann.

andá(s)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. andá(s) or dil.ie/3488

 

x see indaas.

athnuigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athnuigid or dil.ie/4845
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ad-nuigedar, athnugud

v (see núaidid) renews, restores, renovates, repairs . Orig. compd. vb. ad-nuigedar: ise . . . adanuidhitar, Ériu iii 2.16 = atanūigethar renews them, ZCP iv 242.5 . co ro athnugter a lestar (of a broken vessel), Vita Br. 32 . figor recto aicnith insin in roaithnuiged Crist, Thes. ii 252.16 (Stowe Missal). Cf. in roathnuiged aichne Crist tria rúnib, LB 251a34 .

In mid. Ir. treated as simple vb.: nostinolfa ┐ nos athnuigfe, LU 2531 . coro athnuige, 2604 . athnuigfither in uli dúl i n-deilb bus áille ┐ bus ferr, Ériu ii 200.16 . fear ro athnuigh manchine, CS 346.9 . ro hathnuigit briga a cuirp, LB 233b3 . rohathnaiged tria chretium, PH 4621 . techt anda nuadfiadnaise ro athnuidhidh la gein Crist, Grail 2200 . With -núa-: ro athnúaidh a briga, CCath. 2963 v.l. (atnuauigh text, for -nuadhaigh). Catal Crobdearc, ri Connact, i mMumuin gura disgilestar castelu imda, giara hadnuagit daridissi 'Cathal Crobderg, king of Connachta, came to Mumu and demolished many castles, but they were renovated again', AI 320 (s.a. 1195.2) . soillsigid in radurc . . . ┐ athnuaighid an cuimne, Rosa Angl. 142.2 . gidh bé athnúaighios cúis, Proverbs xvii 9 .

Later with stem athnú(a)idig-, athnúadaig- etc.: ath- núidigfiter . . . na dúile, PH 3623 . eirg ┐ athnuidhig iris ┐ creidium a n-Eirinn, Lism. L. 2569 . nodothad isin loch oigre iad co n-athnuaidhighthi iad afrit[h]isi, Aisl. Tond. 104 § 2 . do beanad mo theangad as mo cheann ┐ do athnúagaig Día damh arís í, RC xxiv 370.9 . ní hathnuaigidhter mo radharc, Grail 1839 . do hathnuaidhighedh na piana cedna aris, Smaointe B. Chr. 3814 .

Of texts transcribes(?), edits(?): is e C. . . . ros atnuidh, IT iii 66.3 (Ir. Verslehren). Cendfaolad . . . doathnuaighiuster (sc. inn Auraicept) i nDoire Lurain, Auraic. 2639 . MR 284.3 . do athnuaidhestar ` revised ', O'Gr. Cat. 104.20 .

Vn. athnugud.

1 bíattach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bíattach or dil.ie/5840

 

Forms: bíatach

o, m. (subst. use of 2 bíattach) bíatach m., IGT Decl. § 22. supplier of food, victualler; farmer; of a land-holder or tenant whose duty it was to use his land to provide for the refection of a lord and his attendants when travelling through the country, see Cog. 136 n. 1 , and to supply the army of their territory, see LL 10570 - 10571 below. Latinized betagii, see Curtis PRIA 43 C (1936) 62 f. , Price, Ériu xx 185 f. See also Mac Niocaill, Études Celt. xii 514 - 5 . eter briugadaib ┐ bíatachaib Ulad, LU 10282. daig raptar lia biattaig Fir Diad andá bíattaig Con Culaind, LL 10570 - 1 . biatach aen bhaile díobh ` purveyor ', Cog. 136.9 . a chuaird gemrid for a doercheli .i. for a doérbiatachu. ar ni biat aci biataig tria olc na hamsire, RC xxvi 39 n.5 ; base clients … clients The Irish Jurist i 295 , GEIL 30 . er Clainn Ceoch do beth ana mbiatachaib daera ac híc bíd ┐ císa co umal, O'D. 1959 ( Eg. 90, 7.1b ). ar teithed co ndingnedh Conn biataigh iar mbunadhas dīb (`hereditary farmers', ML 119.18 , 19), ML² 1562. biatach fairsing fial `food-provider, farmer' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 7.83 . hospitaller (a public officer with the duty of providing hospitality): (of dues to Durrow) bó gacha deisi biatach, ┐ bó gacha trír saerthach (= a singulis binis Burgimagistris unum bovem, Trias Thaum. p. 504 ), AFM ii 1092.2 and note. biattach coitchenn `a public victualler', iii 218.1 . biatach coitchionn Connacht, 628.8 . a ccró sleagh as bruidhean bíatuigh / buidhean ḟear le mbíathtair baidhbh, IGT Decl. ex. 814. b.¤ na mbocht (of St. Augustine) ` feeder ' (Vocab.), TSh. 5145. In phr. baile biattaig (see 1 baile) name of land measure (a `ballybetagh' seems to amount to 960 acres, Fiants Elizabeth 5674, Appendix to 16th report of the Deputy Keeper of Public Records): [a] maínchene féin . . . do Colum-cille . . . ┐ baile biataigh i farradh Domnaigh moir, AU ii 188.17 . da fhichit acra fo thrí / ag sin fearann na seisrighi, / ferann trí seisrecha mar sin, / cethramhadh B. Biataigh, ML 109 § 12. ar dha sheisrigh dhég imláin / an Baile Biataigh amháin `to twelve ploughlands . . . the B. B. . . . is equal', § 13. nach lēicfedh b.¤ biataigh d'Ērinn duit-si, ML² 1427. baile biataigh do iodhbairt la R. . . . Ri Ereann don Coimdhedh, AFM iii 26.9 .

bunatta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bunatta or dil.ie/7459

 

Forms: -ae

adj [-ae, io, iā] (bunad) original, basic, permanent, etc., but us. as allit. adj. of vague meaning: in comrargu b.¤ original sin, MacCongl. 13.16 . dream caem fa bunata bladh of enduring fame, BB 25a19 . L. maic bunattai B., 237a14 . brithem bind ba bunata, LL 25751 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 320.11 ). buidhne . . . beoda . . . bunata ` primary ', CCath. 5367 . buaili bunata boghadh, Caithr. CC 67. ? giosda bunata bun-ramhar bláthaidhe `a can of heavy sediment of buttermilk', O'Rah. (1900) 246.y . Compar. ni fhaca laoch . . . / . . . bu bunata, LL (facs.) 396.2 . ua bunata e anda cach fear `of better constitution', TTebe 394 . As subst. a buadach, a bunata, Ériu i 122.18 .

coitchenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coitchenn or dil.ie/10455
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: -en

o, ā. Earlier -en. bean choitcheann, bean chaitcheann, IGT Decl. § 137 . See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 158 .

I As adj.

(a) common, general; usual, ordinary : de phurt choitchent `from a common part', Thes. i 6.23 . in denmada coitchin gl. factoris, Ml. 27b13 . huan bás coitchen hua n-epil cach gl. sulito . . . exitio, 73d7 . uisque c.¤ ordinary, 93b12 . it coitchena do cach ceniul gl. communes . . . omnium gentium, Sg. 10a1 . c.¤ gl. promiscuo, Ml. 37b2 . ind inne issi as c.¤ folad duine huile `that all man is of common substance', Sg. 28a2 (see note). co tici in crich c.¤ Doom, Rawl. 70b4 . ro innarbbad Adam a Pardus hi talmain coitchind, LL 20 . fon chetharaird cotchind, LL 31002 (TTr.). ceiled in cleithi c.¤ (sic leg.) `universal welkin', MR 240.5 . gairm cotchend do techt on Roim, Ann. Conn. 1300.9 . Rí caitcheand cāich (: taitnend), IGT Decl. ex. 1928 . cé hí an bliadain is coitceand and ┐ cé is bliadain ambolis `common . . . intercalary', O'Gr. Cat. 304.17 . ród coitchionn, DDána 23.1 . leis an maith ccoitchinn the common good, RSClára 18b . na tengthacha coittchenna, L. Chl. S. 52 .

(b) public; owned in common : huand seirc rigdai .i. follais nó choitchinn gl. puplico affectu, Ml. 124d13 . treb ch.¤ see treb. i tidhibh coitcinna na dlegar cin bidh foraib . . . no na tighibh féin, O'Curry 2535 ( Eg. 88, 44 (45)c ). i rud c.¤ no i sliab ch.¤ , O'D. 2270 ( Rawl. B 506 23b ). imbleith for lig .i. lia coitcend `common whetstone', Laws v 484.29 Comm. gaire in tsenorach coitchinn `whom they support in common', ii 284.20 Comm. in cathair coitcend, congairech . . . .i. Bruidis, ZCP vi 35.7 . teach n-aíded coitcheand, Mer. Uil.² 160 . a n-inad coitcind public place, Smaointe B. Chr. 2952 . iomad . . . scol gcoitcheann ré múnadh léighinn `public schools', Keat. iii 3033 . brughaidh coitcind conaigh (`general'), AFM iii 578 8 .

(c) Special senses: fiadnaise . . . coitcheann `impartial', Laws ii 344.16 Comm. mad coitcend fiadnaisi, v 24.23 Comm. fer edrana coitcindi, iii 238.22 Comm. co ro-p coitchend ┐ co ro-p fíren 'n-a fhuigell (of king), PH 4151 . taoiseach . . . / . . . coitcheann ceirtbhreathach, Magauran 2893 . tech c.¤ see tech (cf. co rainic an teg coitcionn, Duan. F. i 20.7 `privy', Gloss.). coit[ch]enn gl. commone (of unclean food), Thes. i 497.11 (Ardm.), cf. niór ith mé riám éun ní coitcheann, nó neamhghlan, Acts x 14 . ris na [mnáibh] coitchionna whores, Párl. na mB. 2578 . bheith catoilice, .i. bheith coitchend, Ó Héodhusa 33.16 .

(d) In gramm. contexts (see also under II): acciditi coitchenna gl. accedentia . . . generalia, Sg. 71b9 . onbrethir choitchind asberar suffragor, Gild. Lor. 1 . coitcenn ┐ diles ┐ ruidles dlegar don focul is eitged `common, a proper, and a peculiar application', Laws iii 94.23 Comm. ainm c.¤ doib uile generic name, i 258.20 . coitcend doip uili fedha do radh riu (of consonants), Auraic. 3555 . coitchend . . . o dialt immach (of tomus), 758 . coitcend a thapairt for cech innsge iter ciallaide no neamciallaide, saorda ┐ aigenta, 3031 . ann coitcheann `a.' used impersonally, Bard. Synt. Tr. 222.21 . ga háoinfhiodh as coitcheann a n-earnuile, IGT Introd. 5.14 . With regard to ann coitchenn, as coitchenn see further Éigse xxii 137 .

With DO: coitchen do cach peccad gl. generaliter, Ml. 56b41 . aní ba choitchen doaib sem huili, Sg. 50a3 . is c.¤ do cech belru, Ml. 42c14 . combad c.¤ a suillsi don tegluch to give light to the whole household, LU 9199 ( FB 92 ).

Compar.: níra choitchinniu Briccni da charait andá dá námait `no fairer', TBC-LL² 4870 = cotruime, St., `did not associate more freely', Ériu xiii 158 . naoimh oile . . . is coitchinne ioná . . . do luadhamar `more generally known', Keat. iii 1796 . conair is coitchinne, TSh. 10765 . Adv.: d'erfuacra na hesergi co c.¤ , LU 2512 . cucoitchend, Three Hom. 124.10 . ac adhmilledh na cruinne co coitcenn `the whole earth', Stair Erc. 629 .

II As subst.

(a) Gramm. In Sg. glosses of nouns which are of more than one gender and verbs with same form for a person of the sg. and a person of the pl., etc., appar. n.: coitchen decheneli common nouns, Sg. 63a1 (perh. compd., note). ara-necatar coitchena in or `common nouns in or', 65a11 . biid immurgu coitchen trechenélae in .x., 114b1 . coitchena so etir di árim in oenṡun (ἦλθον', 1. s. and 3 pl.), 72a2 . Note also: dede do airbeirt a gerind gnimo et coitchin gl. ab actiuis uel communibus nata, 149b7 . sechmoella coitchen hórangabáil sechmadacht gl. communia (uerba), 196b2 .

(b) common property, commonage : cach nī do choitchiunn fil etorru, Corp. Gen. 208.7 . ar morcoitcindib na crichi, ZCP x 307.29 . In phrases: in c.¤ the accepted (vulgate) version: doreir in coitchínd, BB 41a24 . do for[ṡ]lontib Ulad īar c.¤ , ZCP viii 331.10 i coitchiunn, i c.¤ in general, equally: dóib uili i coitciund, Ériu iv 144.21 . co brāth a coitcenn ┐ trie pithu sír jointly(?), ZCP viii 103.13 . ethuch i coitcenn etir Ecluis ┐ tuath `in general', Laws i 56.3 Comm. beantagha cháich i gcoitchinn (: binn) (of St. Margaret), DDána 68.41 .

(c) (monastic) community: cid do bíud bói isin choitchend, Lib. Hymn. 62.10 (B). tionoilit amach (sámadh, v.l.) an baile ┐ an coitcend go léir, ZCP x 10.18 . cleirech don coitchend (do muintir S., v.l.), 20 . comarba I. timchill coitchend Tuama da gualand, RC xviii 50.28 (Tig.). don choitchend cristaide, LB 200 marg. inf.

Compds. inna monistre .i. inna coitchennbet[h]ath cenobitic life, Thes. ii 27.36 (BCr.). ba coitchindbérla, úair ro foglaimthea leis bérla cacha tíri skilled in many languages, Mer. Uil.² 80 .

comṡesam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comṡesam or dil.ie/11735
Last Revised: 2019

 

vn (sessam) (a) act of standing together: na cuirp . . . ina comseasam frisna beoaib standing together with, CCath. 3172 . an scailp ... baoi ac an bhFomhóir a ttosach an churaigh ina coimhsheasamh, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) i 224.24 . (b) consisting (of): ata sé a coimhsheasamh andá chuid = constare, Adtimchiol 132b1 . (c) perservering : caithfid . . . coimhṡesamh . . . ó thús go deredh = perseuere, RSClára 77b .

cuit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuit or dil.ie/13717
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cuitig, cotach, cotanna, cotannaib, cuitig, cuta, cuid, cuitigh, cotcondaib

n i, f. Later also with velar inflection (a d s. cuitig, g s. cotach etc. and nasal inflection (a pl. cotanna, d pl. cotannaib) . For n s. cuitig see Thurn., ZCP xx 367 . ? n s. cuta, CRR 43 , 44 , cited below (if not predic. g s. or to be referred to ad-cota). cuid f., IGT Decl. § 42 . cuitigh f., § 187 . d p. cotcondaib, O'Gr. Cat. 289.33 .

1 share, part, portion : adbur an tseóil ... ┐ sé 'na secht cotannaib, Ev.Inf. (LFF) 191 § 40 . dénaidh cranncur umna secht cotannaibh sea, Ev.Inf. (LFF) 191 § 40 . dar éis chota na mban, Metr. Dinds. iii 14.178 . ch.¤act of God (of death of woman), Cáin Ad. 42 . gor cuir a c[h]uitig go ceart / go cubaidh 'san cantairecht (of Gregory the Great), ZCP viii 114.22 . leth do chuite, LL 36668 = chota, Fél. 64.25 . c.¤ na n-anmand n-indligtech, MacCarthy 62.w . nocho nfuillter o choitibh, Auraic. 1444 = o chouitibh, 4494 . aithgin a chota, Laws iii 270.16 Comm. im ithlaind i cuitib `in shares', i 124.17 . fer codach ain fir (leg. aínḟir ?) `a freeman', Celt. Rev. iv 204.12 (see n.). conid airimh in sain is fuilliu anda coit tre taithmet a lethe ` factors ', Auraic. 1452 . go ndearnattar cotanna croinne . . . ┐ blodha bearnacha . . . ┐ aisleagha cearta . . . do na craoiseachaibh, Eachtra Uill. 3016 . éisdidh re cuid Moire a mhná `the verses to Mary', Dán Dé xxvi 43 . a cuidich ar na fasdodh `their wares thus bespoken' (of poets), Magauran 852 . rannais E. . . . cúigeadh Ch. i n-a thrí cotchaibh, Keat. i 116.z . a chodcha íochtaracha = lower parts, Isaiah xliv 23 . tig ót omna ḟaidcheannaigh / an chomhla na codchannuib in pieces(?), IGT Decl. ex. 69. 2106 . ba chuta dom ṡeilbse sain ale for seilb neich n-aill n-aile, LL 23161 `a right of my possession', CRR 43 . ba chuta damsa, LL 23165 `a part(?) for me', CRR 44 . c.¤ péne see pían . c.¤ tobaig, Binchy, Celtic and Anglo-Saxon kingship 18 . Of share in an action, participation: nād bi coimtig laech nó læiches nād bī c.¤ oc marbad duini `that has not had a share in . . .', RC xv 488 § 7 . a-tá dhóibh cuid i n-a chrochadh, Dán Dé xxxi 28 . na bid do chuid ic denum uilc frissin duine firen sa (Pilate's wife's message), Rawl. B 512, 72b cited Plummer MS. notes. Perh. also: gach arg cumhdaigh ar do chuid `belongs to thee', SGS iv 60 § 3 . bí ar mo chuid be on my side, Dán Dé i 3 .

2 With follg. prepp.: c.¤ cáich dinrath diadu, Wb. 5d6 . truagh an chuid-sin dom chrábhadh, Dán Dé xxviii 25 . do chuid don chondradh `thy part in this transaction', O'Hara 2258 . fá phéin . . . a choda don tsaoghal do chailleamhuin wordly goods, Desid. 3970 . a chuidigh ar an gclasach, IGT Decl. ex. 2107 `his part of the ditch', Bard. Synt. Tr. 180.11 . ni dlig fer in bunait c.¤ indib `the original owner is not entitled to any share in them', Laws iv 180.24 . manibe cuid deid inda gabail `if thou have no share in receiving them', Mon. Tall. 128.17 . ann . . . ní roibhe ar gcuid `no claim on it' (of heaven), Aithd. D. 97.32 . ni fuil cuid duib isin fir sa (to demon), Otia i 115.6 . ismaith ach.¤ occa `good is His share in it', Wb. 26d18 .

3 Of property, possession, means : do chuaidh mo shúil tar mo chuid, Dánta Gr. 88.1 . ar tairccsin a choda (cotach, R), Grail 3842 . mo chuid is cuid mh'anma, Dán Dé xxix 10 . ní . . . do chuid na comharsan neighbour's goods, Parrth. Anma 2537 . adhluicthear iad lé cuid dhuine eile at somebody else's expense, Mac Aingil 971 . bith-shearbh do chruth ┐ do chuid `followers(?)', Dán Dé xxix 22 .

4 Of partiality, love for a person: ni fil diib mnaí nachit charad no ná beth c.¤ duit who was not partial to thee, LU 3269 ( SCC 6 ). ni raibi c.¤ menman na aicenta di ann she had no vestige of love for him, Acall. 5696 . mo cuid, mo cuisle (term of endearment), Ériu ii 89 § 9 . `mochuidig tu' ol in t-espocc; conid de do len Mochuda de, BNnÉ 291 § 5 . ro ba chuid chroide leo faicsin na bflathuaisled `their hearts hailed the advent of . . .', Caithr. Thoirdh. 56.35 .

5 portion of food, meal; evening meal (frequ. cuitig in this sense. Cf. "cuddy", Irish cuid oidhche, of the State Papers', Féil. Mhic Néill 21.11 ). oc ergnom cota methli, LU 4349 . opar in lochta asa c.¤-seo, 4351 . ind ingen no gebed láim fora cuitseom, 6006 (TBC). slicht a ḟíacal 'na ch.¤ (sign of fop), Triads 103 . co mbad ch.¤ fíach, Ériu iv 94.6 . caith do chutig, LB 151a35 . is ferr . . . a chutig do breith dó `his ration', MacCongl. 13.27 . a cuidigh nír chognadair, IGT Decl. ex. 1344 . co fargdais c.¤ na aidchi (of birds), TBC-LL² 1707 . tar cend chota na hoidchi by way of supper, LB 134a48 . cuid corgais, BNnÉ 282.22 . ar ēnchuid Chorghuis, Celtica i 219.348 `principal meal on a fast day', Gloss. thoirbhir é féin dúinn ina chuid dhēidhenaigh Last Supper, Parrth. Anma 833 . cuid ┐ dīnnéur prandium . . . coena, Rial. S.F. 350 .

6 Of cited words force, meaning: ise c.¤ in dilmuin is ecin, Laws ii 82.15 Comm. is e c.¤ in acht and, iv 42.1 Comm. 46.11 Comm.

7 As pron.: c.¤ oc marbad duni some, Ériu xix 60 § 8 . in c[h]uid nār marbad dīb those who . . ., ML² 385 . do chuid ēigin do na cairdionālaibh, Beatha S. F. 927 . cuid 'na ndúsgadh dhíobh ┐ cuid 'na cciúnus, 1051 . ro mebaid ar in cuid ele the others, Grail 3315 . ag gabháil ar chuid aca, ┐ ag marbhadh choda eile, Mk xii 5 .

8 With follg. gen. some, a certain amount : cen ch.¤ ṅdígnai `without a whit of reproach', Fél. July 29 . cuid focall ┐ impide, AU i 560.12 . cen ch.¤ cairde, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 50 . cuid amharais `matter of doubt', TD 7.4 . a Chrīst gan cuid cairighthe O Christ free from censure, ACL iii 230.z . gan chuid caithmhe, Dán Dé iv 20 . mairg fer budh cuid coindmedha, IGT Decl. ex. 864 . Follg. exx. from Laws are perh. to be refd. to this section, though sense may be rather due, proportion, fixed amount, etc.: c.¤ forbaig, Ir. Recht 34 § 36 . do cuiti frithe `waif-share', Laws v 324.1 Comm. co cuiti geill, 346.20 Comm. cuitig tobaig `Eintreibungsanteil', Ir. Recht 59.12 (see above). ma fis cen trebaire, dilius cuiti feasa iar ndechmad, ┐ ni fuil crich fri cuite trebaire, O'Curry 2392 ( Eg. 88, 30bb ). is cuiti treb-dire is esbadhach air[e] `a share of house-`dire ', Laws v 162.25 Comm. is é c.¤ tucaite gach neich dib, O'D. 578 ( H 3.17, 444 ) (see tucait). cuit urgnuma `Besorgungsanteil', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 59 § 30 . With possess. and follg. gen. of noun replacing simple noun: íc ithí a codach arain ┐ immí eating their bread and their butter, IT iii 101. z . do chuid chroinn ón aongha inn thy lot, Aithd. D. 84.19 (see n.). co cabra a c.¤ carat dear ones, Ériu xix 5 § 5 . in bhar ccuid ionnmhais, Beatha S. F. 2235 . ? ní fuil écht do choite féin inti (a horse), SG 242.32 . Phr. c.¤ ronna appar. = c.¤ : mo chuid ronna dhíobh ar ndul `after the death of my chosen ones', Aithd. D. 14.21 . dod chuid ranna go rua sinn `may I come among thy folk', Dán Dé xxviii 22 . loighead na codach comhronna, Ériu viii 135.2 . bhur ccuid ronna = portio vestra, Rial. S.F. 1460 . an triocha chét sin . . . do chuid ronna, Hugh Roe² 40.10 . Note also: cor' brisidur muineil chodach acu some of them, Fier. 213 . ataid lochta nach cuidich orro considerable(?), IGT Metr. Faults§ 87 .

9 a matter of, a mere : ni síratrab act is c.¤ fresligi, Wb. 3d4 . isc.¤ airicc camai nigaib airechas `it is a mere finding however; it gets not leadership', 3d8 . ní ba c.¤ adíll cucuib-si gl. manebo; a matter of a (mere) visit (?) `a passing visit', 14a8 . Cf. 27b25 and Ml. 102a15 . cid do uáir .i. c.¤ hóre gl. etsi ad horam, 16b5 . c.¤ ree `for a time', Tur. 71 . ní c.¤ broto acht is dugrés gl. ad momentum, Ml. 32c10 . c.¤ foammamigtho tantum ón `as to subjugation only', 67c2 . is c.¤ atoíbthe nammá `it is a mere adherence', Sg. 29b15 . 18 . anas c.¤ erroris annt gl. non ipsum errorem, ZCP vii 481.29 ( Enchir. Aug. 74b ). This may also be the use in: cuid aidhbhsighthe, Content. xiv 47 . ger chuid mhaoidhimh `something to boast of', O'Hara 917 . TD 10.22 . mélltar is-in c.¤-si do'n chennaigecht, PH 7585 `in this very matter of merchandise', Gloss.

10 In phr. ar ch.¤ with gen. as regards : arch.¤ óisa et bésa `as regards age and morals', Wb. 28d24 . arcomfulidib ar ch.¤ ceneuil `our kinsmen by race', Ml. 66d1 . ar ch.¤ suin tantum , Sg. 59b8 . 112a2 . 138a5 . 200b8 . ar ch.¤ choemdha `in the matter of cohabitation', Blathm. 154 . atometha lat ar mo ch.¤ féin, LU 10907 `as for me', Ériu xii 184 § 14 . Note also: is í breath rucadh uir[ri-si] ana c.¤ féin, Ériu iii 150.x . ar chuid Chuinn . . . ar a cuid(h)siomh, ML 70.29 . mo cuid-se dhe, as lor leam . . . as for me, Luc. Fid. 3765 . ? ní bá mo ch.¤-se . . . dorega farcend `so far as concerns me, ye shall not be opposed', TTr.² 338 = ZCP xxx 53 .

11 With cid: cid c.¤ a foraithmit dam `even as to their recollection by me', gl. in memoriam, Ml. 37c14 . cid c.¤ a ocmaide nammá `even as to touching it only', 39a10 . cid c.¤ áimraid commenic `even as to mentioning it frequently', gl. in familiarem usum, 11 .

12 In adv. phr. ara ch.¤-sidi however, nevertheless (`as to it', `as regards this', etc., Thes.): nímptha fírion ara ch.¤ sidi gl. sed non in hoc etc., Wb. 8d24 . ciasu airegdu in fer arach.¤ sidi nirubi nechtar de cenalail neque mulier sine uiro , 11c17 . arách.¤ sidi is de corpore dissi gl. num ideo non est de corpore? 12a26 . ni fetar sa mo imthechta arach.¤-ade gl. si autem tardauero, 28c10 . ar[a] ch.¤ sidi gl. quamuis, Sg. 184b1 . 195b4 .

2 dar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 dar or dil.ie/14628
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: da, ata, atá, atar, adar, attar, dar, tar, inda, in da, anda, indar, in dar, andar, an dar, anndar

in dar lim adv (dar lat, &c.) methinks, methought ; adverbial phrase of unexplained origin (in spite of Stokes, Lism. L. 385 a ). Synonymous with da, ata, atar, inda, indar, with which it should also be etymologically connected. The following is a synopsis of the forms occurring:—

A da: Wb. 31 d 5 : noch daleinn ba fírinne yet we supposed it was righteousness. Carm. Mil. i st 2 : dalim rugenair iarsin. LL 251 a 46 : dalei.

ata: Wb. 25 b 17 : atalat rabad assu a todiusgud ade. Siaburch. Conc. Eg. ( Anecd. iii 50. 7 ): ata lim is bó rodlelaig; v.l. ita lim, Add. 33993 fo. 2 b .

atá lim, LU 113 (Siab. charp. Conc.). ib. 122 b 18 (Tochm. Emere).

atar: LU 85 b 27 ; 87 b 14 . LL 262 b 39 ; 264 b 37 . Lism. L. 795 . 799 . 1628 . CCath. (15th century MS) 1502 (v.l. dar). 2951 . 3059 . 3310 . 3695 . 4418 . 5295 . Laud 610, 98 b . Aisl. Tond. xviii 3 . AFM i 502. 1 (atar la cách).

adar: BDD § 6 . CCath. 405 . 1455 . 2181 . IT iii 15. 10 . BB (v.l. andar). Acall. 5046. 5672 .

attar: Anecd. iii 59. 21 . AFM vi 2298. 7 : attar lá gachaen atascíodh.

dar: SR, LU, LL, &c., in all Mid. and Mod.-Ir. MSS. See below.

tar: tar leo, Rel. Celt. ii 186. 27 ; 190. 5 ; 198. 16 .

B inda, in da: Ml. 39 c 4 : in da leu som ní, &c. 96 a 6 : inda lasin menmain ní., Carm. Mil. st 4 : indalim ba bráthir dam. ib. st 6 : ba lán ortain indalimm (:barrfind). Trip. 196. 10 , Eg. (15th century MS). Cf. ZCP vii 305 : indollais biodh saoph.

anda : Mon. Tall. 150. 25 ; 152. 28 . Trip. 196. 10 (Rawl.).

indar, in dar: SR 6079 . LU 55 b 2 , 3 . 58 a 35 . 108 b 31 (FB). LL 68 b m. 79 b 36 . 89 a 26 . TBC Ind. TTr.² 1846 . CCath. PH.

andar, an dar, anndar: LU 26 a 15 . LL 55 b 39 . 72 b 17 . 81 b 47 . 91 a 31 . 95 b 46 , 47 , 49 , 52 . 175 b 10 . 371 a y (andar and dar are the usual forms in LL). Anecd. i 48 st 12 (YBL). TFrag. 14. 4 ; 26. 10 ; 78. 11 &c. Acall. 4207 . 6202 . Three Hom. 100. 12 ; 102. 23 . LB 152 a 55 . 238 b 11 (anndar lat). IT iii 17. 4 . AFM i 158. 10 ; 470. 10 f.b. ; iii 24 .

Attar in the old text Anecd. iii 59 = atar (i.e. addar) as the frequent writing adar proves. Ata (i.e. adda) and inda are parallel forms; but they do not, as Quiggin (Vorton. Wörter p. 10) thinks, both render a spoken †edàr. The interchange between Wb ata: Mil inda recalls that between Tur, Sg, Laws, LU adás: Mil indás ( adoasa, Tur. 25a ; adaas quam est Sg. 190 a 4 ; adas, Laws v 370. 1 f.b. ; ná bad lia a chénel ata buiden, Trip. i 148. 7 ; am anáithiu atæsiu LU, IT ii2 213 l. 18 ). For the use of in compare perhaps Wb. 5 b 34 : si enim Deus naturalibus ramis non pepercit, gl. .i. indat iudei (the branches) which the Iudaei are (which the I. form). The short form da may be original or shortened from ata, the stress falling on the ultimate (noch da lim, Wb, almost as is-na-naicci, cach-la-sel and the like); in the Carm. Mil. it interchanges with inda to suit the metre; similarly dar and indar in SR. The usual explanation of the Mid.-Ir. indar as influenced by the deponent verb is wrong, as the form seems to have arisen at a time when the deponent was already on the wane. Early occurrences are SR 1674 : dar lia ba dia airchisecht, and 6079 : indar la; it is quite possible, however, that the original had `da lia ba dia a.' and `inda.' The r originates from the Mid.-Ir. preposition ra, ri = Old-Ir. la, fri, the r becoming an integral part of the preceding da; indar la, then, is a contamination of inda-ra and inda-la: comp. indarra Loegaire in the LU-version of the FBr. § 64 . A similar development is shown by Mod.-Ir. dóigh, maith and aice, which in common speech often become dóil, mail and aicil: an dóigh leat? Is dóil; an maith leat? Is mail (Kerry); i naicil = i naice.

Usually at the head of the sentence, sometimes preceded by `ocus,' or an emphatic `ised' referring to the following sentence as PH 2693 : ised dar lind is ara deggnímradaib rop áil leo olc dfagbáil dó. At the end of the clause: is cosmuil aicned na redland uile dar leinn, TBith., Ériu ii 126. 5 . Also parenthetically: sé míli bliadan ó dénam na ndúl dar lem gur fégadh run rí Éirenn, MacCarthy 434. 3 (BB). táinig mithid dhúinn dar liom sgaradh, OCL 16. 5 . gidheadh a chontrardha sin theagṁas don pheacthach bhíos beó dar leis féin ag bogḟás a mbladhmann, &c., TSh. 239. 5 f.b. Often, when connected with lim or linn, followed by an emphasising particle like ém, ám. In Mid.-Ir. always followed by a principal clause, esp. by an assertive clause with is, ba, ní, &c.: dar liumsa is anocht áidchi tṡamna, Acall. 7653 . dar limsa fuarais furtacht ┐ fóirithin, ib. 7177 . dar le hIúdaidib imorro connicfitís a ḟastad ó bás, PH 2044 ; cf. dalim rugenair, Carm. Mil. In the old quotation AFM i 502. 1 : atar la cách co mbo páirte cro, the co m- is a late addition of the copyist.

1 sg. dar lim: MacCarthy 434. 3 . OCT 13 § 16 . OCL § 35. 56 . dar liumsa, Acall. 7177 . 7653 . dar lim ám, TBC-LL¹ 1412 . 2 sg. dar lat: darlat, YBL 149 a 8 . 3 sg. m. dar leis: TBC-LL¹ 4255 (v.l. in dar les). TSh. 106. 23 ; 239. 5 f.b. 3 sg. f. dar lia: SR 1674 . 1 pl. dar linn: dar leinn, TBith., Ériu ii 126. 5 . dar lind: PH 2593 . 2693 . 2767 . dar lind ém, TBC-LL¹ 1931 . 3 pl. dar leo: dar leó féin, TSh. 119. 17 . dar leó san, ib. 129. 29 .—dar la: dar le hIúdaidib PH 2044 .

MOD. dar liom, &c. dar liom gob eadh; parenthetically: dairigh sé ciscéim duine dar leis féin gach uair díobh, Séadna 72. 8 ; similarly 56. 26 (dar leó féin). In Waterford `aid' is used instead of `dar.'—Cf. 5 da, atar, indar.

1 de, di

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 de, di or dil.ie/14787
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: di, di, di, di, di, di, du, di, di, dia, di, dí, di, de, desen, de, de, dhe, di, di, dég, dḟég, dím, dít, de, de, dhe, du, dú, doit, dínni, dunni, desom, dosom, dinach, donach, dind, dind, dind, dind, dind, dindh, dindí, dond, dond, dund, dind, dond, dun, dind, din, dund, dint, dind, dunt, din, din, din, den, don, dun, dun, din, dun, den, don, dind, din, dinaib, denaib, dinab, donaib, dunaib, din, den, don, don, den, dhen, dhent, don, dina, dena, dona, dona, dena, dhena, dosna, DI, di, dim, dimm, dom, dit, ditodérnamaib, dia, dear, diar, dibar, difar, dia, dim, dem, dom, dom, dit, det, dot, dot, dod, difar, dib(h)ar, dib(h)or, d'úr, dá, dár, dia, dá, dia, dá, dhá, dár, dhár, dá, dá, da, dia n, diarbu, diná-, dinadrícthe, dinach, dunach, dia, dá, diná-, doná-, do, dá, dhá, DI, díim, díimsa, dimsa, dím, dimsa, dimso, dít, de, desom, de, dé, dæ, comairle, Dairíne, ráidimne, fáistine, uile, di, dissi, díinn, díin, díinni, diínn, diín, dínn, dín, din, dínni, dinni, dinne, díib, díibsi, diib, diibsi, diibse, diib, díbsi, díib, diib, díb, dib, diib, dím, dínn, díim, díinn, dím, dínn, rúun, ruún, ríi, dím, dímm, dímsa, dít, dítt, dítsu, desin, desen, deside, desium, dissi, dise, dín(n), dínne, d(h)ínne, díb, d(h)íb, díbsi, díb, d(h)íob, díbsin, d(h)íobsan, DI, DE, dĕ, díbdud, derban, derbrad, conda-dercacha, -dercaither, níruderchóin, derchóiniud, niconderérachtar, -derna, -dergénsat, -derlaig, -derlaiged, -derlaichta, dílgai, dílgud, dermar, dermat, ndermanammar, todernam, -deroíma, derscaigi, deruarid, dered, de-reth, -dechuid, -dich, dechor, debuith, -dénai, dénum, dead, dudí, dudiastae, deich, dígal, diu-, diunag, deö-, deolaid, degaid, deïd, desruith, demaig, denall, denuas, dedbol, denmne, dethbir, dethiden, dessid, dellig, décsiu, -décci, -décmaing, decming, -dér, -dérig, dírech, dindba, fordingrat, dingbail, di, diucrae, diuderc, diunach, fordiuclainn, diummus, diupae, diupart, -diurat, diurad, -diuschi, diuscartae, díbad, rodíbairg, díbe, díberg, díbdud, rodibda, díbert, díchenn, díchned, -díchliter, dícheilt, díchor, dídnad, dígal, dígbáil, díguin, dílgud, dímeiccem, dírech, díscir, -díltised, díltud, -díxnigedar, di-anim, dí, díbec, dímór, díthrom, dí, dĕ, De, di, Di, di, DI, DI, dib, dííb, dimm, dínn, do, dinaib, de, diib, di, dia, dind, diib, di, dia, diar, don, dund, donaib, di, dia

prep. = Lat. de. It aspirates the anlaut of an accented syllable immediately following. Aspiration marked: Wb. 5 c 16 . 6 d 8 . 9 a 23 . 9 b 19 . 10 d 14 . 12 a 21 . 12 a 22 . 19 a 6 . 20 d 9 . 26 b 16 . 26 d 8 . 29 c 10 . Ml. 21 c 3 . 23 a 19 . 36 b 3 . 36 d 10 . 48 b 11 . 48 d 27 . 55 d 4 . 58 c 4 . 68 c 4 . 85 a 2 . 93 d 14 . 99 b 7 . 107 a 2 . 112 c 12 . 116 c 2 . 131 c 17 . Sg. 1 a 2 . 3 b 27 . 31 b 2 . 33 a 13 . 181 a 9 . Tur. 131 . Ardm. 17 a 2 . 17 b 1 . 170 b 2 . Thes. i 6. 23 . ii 256. 11 (twice); 295. 11 , 15 ; 298. 11 ; 302. 5 ; 309. 19 ; 315. 2 ; 332. 4 ; 344. 1 ; 346. 8 . Aspiration unmarked: di Críst (in full), Wb. 15 a 34 . di Críst , ib. 22 c 9 . 26 b 7 . 26 d 9 . 27 a 10 . Thes. ii 255. 15 (but di Chríst, Ml. 93 d 14 ). di peccad, Wb. 24 c 18 . di techt, Ml. 44 b 1 . di techdaisib, ib. 105 b 7 . du trócairi, 110 c 5 . di comparit, Sg. 42 b 3 . 43 a 6 . di posit, ib. 42 a 5 (cf. dia posit, 41 b 2 ). di Teretes, ib. 66 a 22 . dí triub, Tur. 6 . di croccund, Thes. ii 347. 33 . Though itself a proclitic word it is liable to eclipsis: (a) after a neuter noun: foraithmet ṅde, Ml. 61 b 12 . a bec ndo síd, ib. 51 a 5 . bec ṅdi dechur, 72 c 9 . (b) after a noun in the a sg.: fri Alpai ṅdesiu, Sg. 217 b 8 . (c) after the relative a n-: a ndu imnedaib fodaimi, Ml. 55 d 11 . (d) in Mil after rel. as: as ndí Assaraib, 35 a 10 . as ṅdu dóiri, 139 a 6 (twice). as ndi thalam, 68 c 4 . After rel. bias: cibed bias nde, ZCP iv 46. 16 TBFr. (Eg.). Cf. acht oenfiach adrenar nde, Anecd. iii 22. 21 .

FORMS: de, very rare in Oir.: de maid, Wb. 21 d 11 . de Iudeib, 18 d 6 . 31 b 15 (but 34 a 3 probably Lat.). de chuingid, 24 b 24 . Mil no instance ( for dech, 56 a 1 , read `di cech'). Sg: de dliguth, Sg. 26 b 7 . de rét, 31 a 5 . de genitin, 77 b 2 . de chaldigud, 181 a 9 . de dobriathraib, 181 a 9 ( de cithara, 103 a 1, probably Lat.). de phurt, Thes. i 6. 23 ; de obli, ii 254. 12 ; de molad, 315. 1 ; de nimib, 353. 4 . Always deṡiu, ( ZCP x 376 ) hence Sg. 71 b 2 . 217 b 8 . 217 b 12 . desen, Thes. ii 343. 32 . Under the influence of the pron. cpd. de, de became quite a common spelling in Mid.-Ir. (LU, LL, &c.). As an etymological writing frequent also in modern books and MSS. Spoken de, dhe = di + suff. pron. 3 sg., cf. mod. aige, ass, air, &c.

di usual Old- and Mid.-Ir. writing.

(a) before vowels (no elision of -i- in Wb Sg Mil); before a-: Wb. 2 a 14 . 7 b 11 . 18 c 11 (twice). 32 c 8 . Ml. 35 a 8 . 40 c 16 . 48 d 12 . 57 d 10 . 61 a 35 . 66 a 3 . 67 d 2 . 126 b 1 . 133 c 11 . Sg. 32 b 14 . 35 b 7 . 211 a 9 . before o-: Thes. ii 254. 7 - 11 , 13 . before u-: Ml. 23 c 20 . 51 b 10 . 93 a 5 . 127 a 2 a . Thes. ii 249. 10 . di humaldóit, Wb. 28 d 29 . di humu, Ml. 2 b 16 . before ái-: Wb. 7 b 11 . Ml. 102 d 9 . ói-: Ml. 43 d 1 . Sg. 40 a 13 . e-, é-: Wb. 4 d 1 . 8 b 4 . Ml. 2 c 1 . 33 c 17 . 55 a 18 . 130 b 1 . i-; Wb. 12 a 30 . 15 d 7 . Ml. 37 b 24 . 40 a 18 . 57 c 13 . 87 c 1 . Sg. 40 a 6 , 7 , 8 . 42 a 1 . di Iudeib, Wb. 4 c 40 . 27 d 4 .

(b) before gutturals: Wb. 6 d 8 . 9 a 23 . 12 a 21 , 22 . 13 d 7 . 15 a 34 . 16 a 4 . 17 b 19 . 18 d 6 . 19 a 6 . 20 d 10 . 22 c 9 . 24 d 10 . 26 b 7 . 26 d 8 . 26 d 9 . 27 a 7 , 10 . Ml. 21 c 3 . 36 d 10 . 40 b 7 . 48 b 11 . 48 d 27 . 51 d 3 . 58 c 4 . 62 b 13 . 66 d 10 . 74 c 13 . 85 a 2 . 92 c 5 . 93 d 14 . 99 b 7 . 107 a 2 . 112 c 12 . Sg. 3 b 27 . 31 b 2 . 33 a 13 . 34 b 2 . 42 b 3 . 43 a 6 . 106 a 7 . 181 a 9 . Tur. 131 . Ardm. 17 b 1 . Thes. ii 10. 6 .

(c) before dentals: Wb. 5 c 16 . 9 b 19 . 10 d 14 . 20 c 14 . 26 b 16 . 27 a 10 . Ml. 17 a 11 . 17 d 11 . 23 a 19 . 25 d 17 . 36 b 3 . 44 b 1 . 46 b 26 . 51 c 11 . 68 c 4 . 72 b 5 . 72 c 9 . 97 d 10 . 105 b 7 . 116 c 2 . 122 b 16 . 131 a 12 . 133 b 1 . 139 a 6 , 8 , 10 . Sg. 61 a 1 . 66 a 22 . 156 b 4 . Thes. ii 256. 11 ; 295. 3 ; 315. 22 .

(d) before labials: Wb. 24 c 18 . 29 c 10 . Ml. 61 a 9 . 115 d 9 . Sg. 42 a 5 . Thes. ii 256. 11 ; 30. 33 .

(e) before nasals; m-: Wb. 4 d 10 . 7 d 9 . 11 a 20 . 24 a 12 . 24 b 31 . 28 d 31 . 30 a 8 . 33 a 15 . Ml. 26 b 5 . 51 b 10 . 58 c 4 . 62 c 2 . 67 b 16 , 17 . 84 c 12 . 85 c 6 . 93 a 20 . 102 d 4 . 124 b 5 . Sg. 7 a 1 . 30 b 11 . Ardm. 17 b 1 . Thes. ii 295. 5 . n-: Wb. 15 c 13 . 16 b 11 (thrice). 17 a 11 . 32 a 20 . Ml. 16 d 5 . 63 c 5 . 65 a 1 . 75 b 20 . 123 c 15 . Sg. 40 a 80 . 43 a 3 . 45 a 11 . 59 b 18 . Thes. ii 11. 36 .

(f) before liquids; l-: Wb. 25 d 20 . Ml. 35 b 24 . 40 a 19 . 55 d 4 , 6 . 57 d 13 . 61 d 2 . 68 a 2 , 15 . 72 d 6 , 7 . 84 c 15 . 90 c 18 . Tur. 115 . Thes. ii 326. 2 ; 16. 40 ; 40. 31 . r-: Wb. 6 a 14 . 12 a 17 . 12 c 6 . 13 a 12 . 18 a 8 . 20 d 11 . Ml. 125 b 7 . Sg. 33 a 10 .

(g) before s and f. s-: Wb. 3 d 28 . 4 b 5 . 8 a 5 . 12 b 32 . 12 d 12 . 17 d 19 . Ml. 2 b 17 . 26 b 20 . 31 d 10 . 34 b 6 . 37 a 14 . 44 b 27 - 28 . 44 c 6 . 48 c 1 . 55 c 1 . 60 b 11 . 90 d 13 . 104 a 3 . 108 d 3 . Sg. 1 a 2 . 41 b 4 . 42 a 2 . 59 b 9 . 183 b 3 . Ardm. 17 a 2 . 18 b 1 ; cf. also didiu. f-: Wb. 1 a 9 . 11 b 13 . 14 a 33 . 18 a 8 . Ml. 20 a 12 . 54 b 30 . 93 a 5 . 134 a 3 . Sg. 3 b 19 . 66 a 6 .

dí: as ndí Assaraib, Ml. 35 a 10 . dí huaisletu, 40 c 16 . dí triub, Tur. 6 . dí Iohain, 40 . dísin, Ml. 63 c 18 .

d with elision of -i- before vowels and ḟ very common in Mid.-Ir. MSS. In Glosses rare, cf. doenscríbend, Sg. 112a2 . dég, Ml. 88 a 4 , from dḟég, cf. dḟech, Ardm. 17b1 . Common in Old-Ir. poetry, e.g. Anecd. iii 55. 18 ; 56. 8 (Siab. Conc.).

DO for DI. The confusion of di and do in proclisis dates back to the Cambr. and the Wb glosses. It is quite possible that on the lips of the people di had as early as the 8th century the same forms as to-day, i.e. unstressed də in proclisis, dí- in pronominal cpds. Under the influence of the latter forms (dím, dít, de), di de lingered on all through Mid.-Ir. The present de, dhe, is partly due to etymological spelling, partly (Cork, Kerry) renders a spoken de, ye = Oir. de (di + pron. 3 sg.), cf. mod. as, air, aige. The fusion of di and do was facilitated by their being unaccented; but it was also partly due to syntactical confusion of these two prepositions which occasionally might both be used synonymously with one and the same verb.—do: prímgeinde do hireschaib, Wb. 4 b 9 . 10 a 15 . 25 c 12 . 31 d 2 . Ml. 14 b 12 . 14 d 3 . 15 d 9 . 24 d 26 , 30 . 26 a 8 . 35 d 17 . 42 b 18 . 45 a 9 . 45 d 7 . 51 a 5 . 51 b 8 . 51 d 25 (twice). 123 d 3 . 124 c 22 . 137 d 2 . Sg. 2 a 7 . Tur. 128 . Thes. ii 298. 10 , 11 ; 299. 9 ; 309. 19 ; 311. 20 ; 313. 14 ; 315. 2 ; 320. 26 ; 321. 2 ; 322. 10 , 24 ; 323. 7 , 8 ; 332. 4 ; 333. 1 ; 335. 29 ; 344. 1 ; 346. 8 .—du: Cambr. 37 d . Ml. 24 d 29 . 26 a 8 . 55 d 4 . 55 d 11 . 55 d 25 (?). 63 b 12 . 63 c 5 . 66 c 3 . 68 d 14 . 69 c 7 . 72 d 9 . 91 d 4 . 94 c 10 . 96 b 5 , 13 . 98 c 6 . 103 d 9 . 110 c 5 . 110 d 16 . 114 b 12 . 114 c 9 . 117 c 6 . 131 c 17 . 133 a 10 . 139 a 6 (twice), 9 . Tur. 80 . 103 . Ardm. 18 b 1 . Thes. ii 294. 14 .—dú: ní dú ulc, Ml. 24 a 19 .— doit, Thes. ii 258 seems = dít.—For dond, donaib, see below.

DI FOR DO: Wb. 17 a 11 . 24 b 24 . Ml. 21 c 3 (?). 44 c 6 . 51 c 11 . 55 c 1 . 56 b 1 . 134 a 3 . dínni = dunni, 87 d 8 . desom = dosom, 33 a 5 . dinach = donach, Acr. 23 d 2 .

DI + ART.—SING.

(a) before vowels. dind, Wb. 5 c 16 . 10 a 5 . 11 d 16 . dind, 29 a 23 . dind hiriss, 11 d 2 . Ml. 21 c 3 . 24 c 17 . 25 a 19 . 48 d 28 . 58 c 6 . 67 b 17 . 67 c 18 . 89 a 6 . dind, 48 d 28 . 95 a 3 . 104 a 6 . Sg. 17 a 6 . 53 a 10 . dind huiliu, 40 a 17 . dindh, 35 b 13 . 125 a 6 . dindí, 9 a 2 . 63 a 17 (twice). 66 a 28 . 100 a 11 . 125 a 6 . 161 b 10 . 197 a 15 - 16 . Thes. ii 252. 14 ; 255. 7 ; 26. 40 . din obli, Thes. ii 255. 14 . dond: Wb. 10 a 14 . dond, Sg. 9 a 2 . 155 a 1 . dund: Ml. 17 b 23 . 34 a 27 .

(b) before ḟ (+ vowel or liquid): dind, Wb. 22 c 9 . Ml. 21 c 3 . 40 b 8 . 99 a 9 . dind fr., 56 b 1 . dond fritobairt, Sg. 183 b 3 . dun, Ml. 125 a 11 .

(c) before liquids: usually dind: Wb. 20 b 1 , 6 . Ml. 37 b 19 . Sg. 35 b 2 . 65 a 1 . 77 a 5 . Thes. ii 35. 32 ; 339. 3 . din rath, Wb. 5 d 6 . dund, Ml. 37 b 19 .

(d) before ṡ- (s + vowel or liquid): dint: Ml. 2 b 3 . 14 d 10 . 37 b 16 . 89 d 12 . Sg. 58 b 7 . dind: Wb. 13 a 21 . 24 a 17 . Ml. 55 c 1 . dunt, Ml. 27 d 2 .

(e) before d and t: din: din t., Ml. 15 b 4 . 16 c 7 . 24 d 14 . 44 b 1 . Thes. ii 13. 27 . din d., Wb. 12 c 13 . Ml. 61 a 36 . 81 a 7 . 94 c 12 . 97 d 10 . Sg. 39 b 11 . den d., Wb. 25 b 7 . don d., Wb. 9 d 5 . 10 d 8 . dun d., Ml. 17 b 23 (twice); dun t., Ml. 123 c 3 .— dind d., Sg. 5 a 5 . dind t., 3 b 14 .

(f) in other positions: din, dun: din ch., Cambr. 37 b . Wb. 22 c 18 . Ml. 2 b 13 . 112 c 11 . Tur. 60 . Ardm. 17 a 2 . Thes. ii 338. 1 ; 33. 19 . dun ch., 67 d 14 ;—din g., Ml. 48 a 21 . 48 b 2 . 48 d 28 . 49 b 4 . 61 a 37 . 113 d 3 . Sg. 9 b 17 . 156 b 6 . Thes. ii 248. 11 (sic leg.). dun g., Ml. 61 a 34 . 85 b 11 .— din ph., Ml. 126 b 1 .— din b., Ml. 39 a 1 . — din m., Ardm. 188 b 1 . Ml. 14 d 10 . 61 d 7 . 97 d 10 . Tur. 140 . den macc, Tur. 21 . den ch., 60 . den g., Thes. ii 230. 19 . don sc., Thes. ii 299. 8 .— dind b., Wb. 5 c 16 .

DUAL. din: din dib láib, Thes. ii 33. 26 .

PLUR. dinaib: Wb. 5 a 4 . 11 b 4 . 12 d 40 . 16 c 22 . Ml. 19 b 2 , 11 . 19 d 18 . 20 c 3 . 24 a 17 . 26 b 20 . 26 d 12 . 27 a 7 - 8 . 27 b 4 . 35 c 20 . 40 c 18 . 46 b 26 . 51 a 16 . 61 d 5 . 62 a 22 . 67 b 17 . 72 c 3 . 73 c 12 . 75 a 12 . 81 c 14 . 102 d 17 . 129 c 3 . Sg. 2 b 1 . 197 b 7 . Thes. ii 232. 10 . denaib: Ml. 29 a 9 . dinab gabálib, Wb. 13 d 33 . donaib: Ml. 19 d 18 . 23 c 27 . 37 b 24 . 46 b 26 . 60 b 6 . 64 c 17 . 89 a 2 . 107 c 8 . 119 d 3 . Sg. 2 a 10 . 50 a 19 . 63 b 10 . Tur. 115 . dunaib: Ml. 35 a 17 . 55 d 25 (?).

MID.-IR. din, den, don (arch. -nd, -nn); before ṡ- dint, &c. MOD. don, den, dhen, dhent (v. col. 128), don t (don tṡaoghal, don tṡruth, don tṡluach). Plur. Mid.-Ir. dina, dena, dona. These forms date back to Oir., cf. 1 do. Mod. dona, dena, dhena, Munster dosna (modelled on isna, leisna, &c.).

DI + POSS. PR. di short. 1 sg. dim: Wb. 26 d 21 . 27 a 34 . 29 d 3 . Ml. 21 c 7 . 23 d 6 , 9 . Ardm. 18 a 1 . m is unaspirated; hence written dimm, Ml. 23 d 9 . dom, Thes. i 337. 2 . 2 sg. dit: Wb. 31 c 8 . Ml. 40 a 6 . 110 d 12 . Thes. ii 249. 3 . ditodérnamaib, Ml. 40 a 7 . 3 sg. m. n. f. dia m. and n.: Wb. 5 b 10 . 33 a 2 . Ml. 23 d 17 . 40 b 8 . 44 b 1 . 53 d 6 . 65 d 8 . 94 c 8 . 133 a 10 . Sg. 50 a 3 . 111 b 2 . Ardm. 18 a 1 (four times). Thes. ii 253. 6 . fem. Ml. 72 b 17 . 102 a 15 . 1 pl. arch. dear n-: Cambr. 37 c . diar n-: Wb. 14 c 15 . 17 c 23 . 31 b 2 . Sg. 195 a 2 . 2 pl. dibar n-: Wb. 25 a 3 , 30 . 27 c 2 . difar n-: 23 d 17 . 3 pl. dia n-: Wb. 7 b 14 . 31 d 15 . Ml. 43 a 14 . 53 d 15 . 67 d 2 . 69 a 8 . 117 b 7 . 126 a 7 . 134 d 3 .

MID. & MOD.-IR. 1 sg. dim, dem, dom, &c.; mod. dom. 2 sg. dit, det, dot; mod. dot, dod. 2 pl. difar n-, dib(h)ar n-, dib(h)or n-; do bar n-, &c.; mod. do bhur n-, d'úr n-. 3 sg. pl. and 1 pl. The frequent early Mid.-Ir. writing dá (n-), dár n- shows that in the spoken language of the 11th century dia had become dá; dia, however, as a literary form lingered on for centuries until the close of the Mid.-Ir. period. Mod. dá (n-), dhá (n-); dár n-, dhár n-. For dá (n-) in the spoken language very commonly dona, modelled on iona. Exx. of dá from the LU: is cumma imthescad dá sciath ┐ dá sleg ┐ dá chlaideb, 79 b 14 ; ib. 27 . da, ib. 36 ; 81 a 25 . Numerous instances from LL in Quiggin Vorton. Wörter 35 . TBC Gloss.

DI + REL. dia n-: Wb. 8 c 11 . 13 b 12 . 13 c 12 . 13 d 25 . 16 c 7 . 19 d 11 . 21 d 4 .— Ml. 14 d 13 . 35 b 24 . 37 a 10 . 54 a 20 . 69 c 7 . 69 d 4 . 118 a 7 .— Sg. 3 a 2 . 30 b 3 . 66 b 10 . 71 a 17 . 197 a 6 . 197 b 12 , 18 . 208 a 7 . Tur. 80 . 131 . diarbu, ib. 22 . Thes. ii 326. 6 ; 328. 36 ; 337. 23 .— With negatives: diná-: dinadrícthe, Wb. 28 b 1 . dinaconbi, Ml. 85 b 7 . dinach, Acr. 23 d 2 = dunach.—MID.-IR. dia n- and dá n- ( LL 56 a 20 . 68 b 28 . 104 a 41 ), cf. poss. pron. above; neg. diná- doná- (di and do): innisis Mac Roth inní dona ragaib, LL 70 b 48 = TBC-LL¹ 1744 . Cf. ib. 2962 . ceol mbind diná fríth cosmailius fo niṁ, Ériu ii 116 § 47 . doná fríth sét ná samail, TTr.² 1711 . LB 136 a 51 . 138 a 12 . 138 b 11 . AFM v 1276. 17 . MOD. dá n-, dhá n-.

DI + PERS. PR. 1 sg. díim, Wb. 2 a 10 . 30 a 24 . díimsa, 7 a 2 . dimsa, 18 a 3 . dím, Ml. 54 d 7 . 95 d 3 . 132 a 10 . Thes. ii 248. 4 ; 351. 5 . dimsa, Ml. 17 b 18 . dimso, 59 a 18 . 2 sg. dít, Ml. 101 b 1 . 3 sg. m. and n. de masc.: Wb. 4 c 12 . 12 a 22 . 26 d 17 . 28 b 6 . Ml. 16 a 10 . 22 d 19 . 32 d 10 . 38 c 9 . 48 d 27 . 48 d 28 . 50 d 1 . 61 b 12 . 127 b 19 . desom, 33 a 5 . 91 a 21 . de, Sg. 59 b 7 . Thes. ii 298. 23 ; 337. 27 . neut.: Wb. 1 a 3 , 9 . 10 b 27 . 11 d 2 . 16 c 4 . 15 d 21 . 17 d 2 . 19 b 10 . 22 a 11 . 24 c 11 . 32 a 2 . 32 c 11 . Ml. 23 c 5 . 24 d 26 . 26 c 2 . 40 b 9 . 69 a 17 . 122 a 2 . Sg. 18 a 1 . 26 b 5 . 72 b 6 . 147 b 3 . 181 a 5 . Thes. i 5. 29 . Ardm. 18 a 1 . Thes. ii 248. 7 ; 253. 8 ; 298. 18 ; 334. 2 ; 33. 26 . dé: issí a pennit dé (not = ade), Wb. 26 b 20 . Ml. 69 d 3 . dæ, Ml. 44 b 1 . See further exx. in Ériu liii 135 . Rhymes with the final syllable of uide, Acall. 6811 ; comairle, 6659 ; Dairíne, 3231 ; ráidimne, 5170 ; fáistine, 6660 ; Laige, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 48. 9 ; uile, 68. 23 ; -se, 74. 25 . 3 sg. f. di (in Mid.-Ir. often dí, also occasionally in O.Ir. dī: lí, Fél. 166.27; . dī: lī: mbī, IT iii.1 § 131 ), Wb. 15 d 20 . 24 d 11 . 28 d 22 . Ml. 42 b 7 . 95 b 2 . 95 d 8 . 96 a 8 . 102 a 15 , 20 . 145 c 3 . Sg. 27 a 13 . 187 b 6 . 188 a 22 . 209 b 10 . di féisin, 199 b 10 . di feisne, 199 b 6 . dissi, Wb. 28 d 22 . 1 pl. díinn, Wb. 25 a 18 . 31 c 25 . díin, 10 d 8 . díinni, 26 b 18 . diínn, 15 b 4 . diín, 26 b 13 . dínn, 15 a 3 24 c 16 . 24 d 10 . dín, Ml. 105 d 7 . din, Ml. 53 d 9 . dínni, Wb. 10 d 8 . 15 a 6 . 24 c 8 . 24 d 24 . 26 a 25 . 26 d 7 . Ml. 87 d 8 . 135 c 1 . dinni, Wb. 15 d 8a . Ml. 91 b 10 . dinne, Thes. ii 335. 43 . 2 pl. díib, Wb. 27 b 11 . díibsi, 14 d 9 . 25 d 21 . diib, 8 c 9 . 23 a 22 . 24 c 14 . diibsi, 17 b 29 . 24 c 16 . diibse, 26 d 19 . diib féisne, 13 a 26 a . díbsi, 14 d 13 . 25 d 20 . 3 pl. díib, Wb. 5 c 2 . 13 a 16 . Ml. 90 b 17 . 90 c 27 . 121 b 8 . Sg. 9 b 10 . 51 b 13 . 73 b 8 . 74 b 4 . 138 b 4 . 149 a 2 . diib, Wb. 4 d 4 , 5 , 6 . 5 a 20 . 7 d 10 . 8 a 17 . 9 c 31 . 9 d 4 . 10 b 1 . 11 a 4 . 13 b 3 . 14 a 29 . 23 a 23 . 27 a 22 . 28 a 20 . 28 c 4 . Ml. 16 d 2 . 19 d 6 . 20 d 4 . 22 b 1 . 40 c 21 . 72 b 17 , 27 . 90 b 19 . 90 c 9 . 98 b 9 . 104 a 8 . 104 d 3 . 107 b 5 . 114 c 15 . 122 d 7 . 137 c 2 . 145 c 7 , 8 . Sg. 15 b 9 . 29 b 16 . 35 b 13 . 38 b 8 . 63 a 9 . 70 b 4 . 106 b 2 . 203 b 6 . 208 b 8 . 215 a 1 . Ardm. 17 a 2 . Thes. ii 23. 38 . diib féisne, Wb. 13 a 26a . díb, not in Wb; Ml. 30 d 13 . 35 a 8 . 42 b 5 . 47 b 6 . 61 b 17 . 96 c 13 . 129 c 18 . 146 a 3 - 3 . Sg. 9 a 18 . 213 b 8 . Thes. ii 320. 24 ; 335. 25 ; 335. 38 ; 344. 19 . dib, Ml. 33 c 13 . 42 c 7 . 44 a 20 . Thes. ii 34. 34 ; 298. 25 ; 310. 34 ; 316. 24 ; 317. 33 ; 330. 11 ; 335. 28 ; 344. 14 .—3 dual . de in cia de ( Wb. 23 b 33 . Sg. 242 a 1 ). nechtar (cechtar) de, q.v.—In the 2 and 3 pl. diib is disyllabic in Wb, monosyllabic only in connection with an enclitic particle. In the 1 sg. and pl. monosyllabic dím and dínn are original. Wb díim, díinn either disyllabic under the influence of the 2 and 3 pl. or, more likely, Wb-spelling for dím, dínn; cf. Wb rúun, ruún, ríi, &c.

MID.- & MOD.-IR. as Oir.—only monosyllabic all through (arch. occasionally diib. in the 2 and 3 pl.): 1 sg. dím, dímm (Mod. d(h)íom); dímsa (d(h)íomsa). 2 sg. dít, dítt (d(h)íot); dítsu, -so, -sa (d(h)íotsa). 3 sg. m. n. de (d(h)e); desin, desen, deside, desium (d(h)eisean). fem. di (d(h)i), dissi, dise (d(h)ise). 1 pl. dín(n), dínne (d(h)ínn, d(h)ínne). 2 pl. díb (d(h)íbh, d(h)íb), díbsi (d(h)íbhse). 3 pl. díb (d(h)íobh, d(h)íob), díbsin, -sen, -side, -sium, -so (d(h)íobhsan, d(h)íobsan). In Mod.- and late Mid.-Ir. the 3 pl. is kept distinct from the 2 pl. by broad bh ( díob, Mon. Tall. 147. 25 ; 15th cent. MS B IV 2, fo. 60 b . ZCP viii 116 st 15 , rhyming with síor. SG 309. 3 ).

DI, DE IN VERB. & NOM. CPDS. dĕ (cf. pron. cpds. 3 sg. m. n.) most frequent before `ro': co nderbadad (but rodíbda, inf. díbdud), ní derban , nís derbrad ( Thes. ii 347. 2 ), conda-dercacha, LU 87 a 29 , -dercaither (doecci), níruderchóin, derchóiniud, niconderérachtar (doérig), -dergaba (dígbáil), -derna, -dergénsat, -derlaig, -derlaiged, -derlaichta (ni dílgai , dílgud), dermar, dermat, co ndermanammar ni (Mil), dernum, todernam (cf. sním), -deroíma (dítiu), ní derscaigi , ní deruarid (diurad).—Cf. further dered `end, remnant' from *de-reth. Before broad ch, bh: -dechuid (but -dichsed, -dich), dechor, debuith. Occasionally before g-: -dénai, dénum. Before v: dead (besides diad, dudí, dudiastae), imper. deich (but -dích, dígal), aisndéis beside aisndís; but de + fo > dú-, Thurn. Hdb. 458 , or diu-: diunag, or deö-: deolaid `poor.' Before ṡ: degaid (beside digaid), deïd (if from + de-ṡed-), desruith; subj. condessin, ( ZCP x 376 ) (but condieig). di + a- >de in demaig, denall, denuas, v. XXXI. di + ad: dedbol. di + an-: denmne. di + aith: dethbir, dethiden. di + en: dessid, dellig, décsiu, -décci, -décmaing `cut off,' decming `impossible.' di + ess: -dér, -dérig, dérge, ( RC xxxvii 22 ) (do-érig), but dírech; deistiu .i. iartaige clainde, H 3.18, 80 . di + in: dindba, fordingrat, dingbail.

di: frequent with us (and fo): diucrae, diuderc, diunach (do-fonig), fordiuclainn, diummus, diupae, diupart, -diurat, diurad, -diuschi, diuscartae ( domfoscarte, Ml. 127 c 20 ). Cf. also diuchtraim, Wi.—Before most consonants: díbad, rodíbairg, díbe, díberg, díbdud, rodibda, díbert, díchenn, díchned, díchetal, -díchliter (díchlith, dícheilt), díchor (rodíchuired), dídnad, dígal, dígbáil, díguin, dílgud, dímeiccem, dírech, díscir, -díltised, díltud, -díxnigedar. Privative dí- very common: di-anim, -asnéte, -chin, -chmairc, -choem, -chretem, -chumuc, -grád, -gu, -ing, -miad, -rim, -thrub. Emphatic dí: díbec, dímór, díthrom (de- rare in this sense, cf. de-ḟordal, der-).

ORIGIN. Italo-Celt. , Ir. dí. In accented position also dĕ. The latter possibly includes the particle dis-, Lat. dis-. Compare especially the distinction made between dí-chor a putting away and de-chor a disagreement, a difference, diversity, and that between dí-taa stands apart and de-buith difference of opinion, dissent. De- from dis- possibly also in dedail. De- was either developed before broad consonants or possibly like Gk. δία it goes back to dis-a (modelled on μητά, κατά = Ir. ceta-). As dĕ- in the great majority of cases has the same functions as dí-, this explanation presupposes a blending of dē and dis in Irish. The original sense of dis- seems preserved only in nominal cpds. in Irish (de-chor, de-buith, de-dail).

OMISSION OF DI. Di is frequently omitted before the second of two substantives connected by ocus or nó: di ael ┐ chrieid, Ml. 102 d 9 . ib. 133 c 1 . Wb. 4 b 5 . BDD § 1 . MacCarthy, 62. 8 f.b. nech dia chlaind nó huib, RC xxiv 202. 17 .— Repeated: Wb. 13 d 7 , 25 c 12 . Ml. 67 b 17 . RC xxv 240 § 13 , 242 § 15 . Acall. 5355 . 7621 . 7677 .

SENSES. Di corresponds in usage closely to Lat. de, which it constantly translates in the Glosses, and with which it was identified by Irish grammarians: optimi de se meriti, gl. díb, Ml. 61 b 17 . de uita certamen, gl. din bethaid suthin, ib. 39 a 1 . exaltasti me de portis mortis, gl. dinaib dóirsib, 27 b 4 . ib. 19 d 18 . 24 c 17 . 25 a 19 . 40 a 6 , 7 . 73 c 12 . Tur. 21 . 59 . 115 . 132 . 140 . Thes. ii 26. 40 , &c.Ml. 27 d 12 it is introduced to render Lat. dis- in vb. cpds.: non dissimulat, gl. ní deintamladar. Like Lat. de it does not usually apply to time, except in a few petrified phrases, such as di chéin, do ló, d'adaig, d'aidchi, &c., cf. XLIX below. It unites the senses of the original ablative, instrumental and genitive.

De, di in a privative and emphatic sense (Lat. di-magis), see above.

A DI IN THE SENSE OF THE ORIGINAL ABLATIVE.—The difference between di and ass (removal of one object from within another) is shown by the following examples: tanísca Cuillius asa thruaill, LU 65 b 36 . tíscáil gái a hálad, O'Dav. p. 120 ; but : amal tíscar cend di luin, LU 71 a 22 . tairbling asa charput, FB § 36 ; but: doarblaing den chamull, Tur. 60 . tuc a lán...asin dabaig medha, Acall. 7399 . amal soersai lóain assin dabaig out of the vat Fél. Ep. 540 (but de lámaib Assar, Ml. 35 b 24 ).

v I With intransitive verbs of motion, denoting departure, separation or moving away from a place or object indicated by the subst., pron., &c., governed by di. Lat. cedere, decedere, discedere, migrare de. Often with verbs containing di- or ass- (as in Lat.).

atraig arises from, stands up from (Lat. de sella, de toro surgere): forchongair ... coire do línad hó bii ┐ Georgi do thabairt ind. atracht a ḟiuchad de cóic cubat déc, PH 1265 . Cf. éirgid: coro érig a ḟeoil ┐ a lethar de, ib. 2144 . aṁal luaithreadh saṁraidh ag eirghe do lár ré gal ngaoithe, TSh. 3. 5 . Cf. also Ml. 21 c 7 : de strato meo matutinus adsurgam, gl. dim dérgud.

bruinnid darts, springs forth from: bruinnid breo di thein, LL 145 a 40 . bruinnid araile díb bréo don teni forsin mac, Cóir Anm. § 54 . Cf. do-bruinn.

con-oscaigi removes from: cumscugud du díglae dín, Ml. 105 d 7 .

conrualae went away, departed : for nem a conrualae cech laithe dind íre what has gone to heaven from the earth Fél. Ep. 26 .

do-airling springs from, descends from: doarblaing den chamull, Tur. 60 (twice). disin doeirbling unde desilit, ib. 59 . beirid eocha lib ┐ ná túirlingid díob, SG 257. 18 .

do-bruinn springs forth, flows from, sprouts : dubrúinn dinaib slébib forsna talmana...in chré fechtnach sin, Ml. 81 c 14 . Cf. 1 bruinnid.

do-cer falls : docer in biail dia samthig, Tur. 131 . co torchair in cochull dib, Thes. ii 335. 28 .

do-érnai escapes from: ní thérna duine di riam gan éc, Acall. 6792 .

do-ic comes : súth nime ticed don draic sin, PH 2491 . táinic aingel Dé do nim, 3467 . 2473 . 5367 .—For the idiom tic dím `I can,' see below.

do-téit comes from, téit goes from: notésstae (sic leg.) di thír ┐ talam na ní sin, Wb. 9 b 19 . tuidecht in popuil di Ægipt, Ml. 130 b 1 . dichoid de muldach Muire which went out from the head of M. Mon. Tall. 127. 10 . coná térna ass acht a ndechaid do rind gai ┐ do gin chlaidib, LMU § 15 . doraga mac duni de nim i lló brátha, RC xxv 234. 15 . doraga in Comdiu de nim, RC iv 248. 3 f.b. do thuidecht do nim, PH 3044. 3087 . cech húair nothéged dia lurgc, BColm. 56. 14 . má ragad cliar dimdach de, Ériu iv 214 st 10 . rachaid in fiad ata urri di, Acall. 7505 . iar ndol a feirge díbh, Cog. 214. 27 .

do-tuit falls from: coel ┐ cumung in drochet co tuitet dia medón isin glend ngaibthech, FA § 22 . mar tuitios baindi daill, O'Gr. Cat. 198 . gur thuit duille na fíréandachta bunadhasaighe dhínn, TSh. 91. 20 . cloch gan láma uirre ag tuitim do ṡliab, ib. 3. 1 .

dul depart from: ré ndul don doṁan so, TSh. 103. 7 .

lingid leaps from: ní asse léim dind béstatu ┐ dind tinchosc, Wb. 5 c 16 .

scáilid parts with: doscaeil in chaillech díob, SG 309. 3 . dond ch., 308. 4 f.b.

scaraid separates from, parts with: nír scar din fognam SG 326. 28 .

scuchaid departs from: scuchaid dím a mallachtnachu LU 32 a 34 . RC iv 248 § 9 . PH 3635 . Cf. LL 92 b 20 : ragab som dá armaib for feraib Hérenn coro scáigsetar dó.

scuirid ceases from: scuirem i fecht sa do scélaib na ṅGaedel, LL 4 a 47 . coná rosguirsed don treathan, MR 256. 11 . scuir don forcetul sin, PH 708 . níor sguireadar den tseolréim sin gur ghabhadar cuan a nEas Dara, OCT 9.20 .

snigid drips from: inbanda uisci glain oc snige anuas don charraic, PH 506 .

teichid flees from: ní techdis na heoin dia chonair reime, Ériu v 20. 14 . oc teiched din tsligid, SG 403. 3 .

trágid ebbs from: trágid in pian díb, FA § 24 .

II With trans. verbs denoting removal, abstraction, expulsion, robbing from, &c. (Lat. abripere, capere, deicere, emittere, eripere, expellere de); particularly after verbs containing di-.

ar-clich wards off: oipni ri airsclaige na gona díb, TTr. 2056 .

ar-scarta sweeps off, casts out: cethri cóicid Hérenn... do aurscartad di Maig Murthemni, RC iii 179. 3 .

benaid (bainid, béim, buain) takes off, cuts off from; wrenches, strips from, &c. ní bas síriu bithus di chend dít, LU 71 a 22 . bí a dornd do Ḟiachaig, ZCP iii 45. 2 . co mbí a chend de, TBC-LL¹ 1309 Y. robean sum a chathbarr dia chind, MR 70. 23 . in cochall gan a buain de, Acall. 4890 . SG 13. 3 . ic búain duilisc do charraic, ZCP v 497 § 11 . a chroiceann do bhuain de, TSh. 190. 19 .

berid takes away from, dobeir, do-ucc-, &c.: ruuc cách a rainn dí sin amal dundgniat geinti dinaib brataib bertae hodie, Ml. 63 c 18 . amal runucad buáid diib, 104 a 8 . rouic búaid diib, Wb. 27 a 22 . Cf. buadigidir, XXXII below. Thes. ii 311. 20 . bec nách ruc ár folta diar cennaib, Siab. Conc. Anecd. iii 49. 1 . ní beir dím sním lobrae, Fél. Prol. 223 . étach berar do aos tuati, Mon. Tall. 154. 42 . nach brat berair do aos étraich, 155. 24 . Acall. 7366. 7931 .— berid coscur de, PH 3515 . 4895 . 4909 . 6275 . 8407 . co ruca braff di, ib. 3513 . go tuc Gamut leis da thig na ceola go teach Grigair, ZCP viii 114. 16 . tucsat a lláma chucu don méis, PH 5136 . breth di, 4200 .

brataid steals from: cétna brat Saxan di Ére, AU A.D. 434 .

cnuasaigid gathers from: do barr in ḟeóir docnuasaigthea in mil, CF 73. 10 .

con-gaib keeps from: ní congebed uacht síne do ḟeiss aidche hi linnib, Thes. ii 315. 2 .

con-scara keeps apart from: co comscara Dia dínn a mbruth, Otia ii 96 § 27 .

con-sní gains from: ag cosnum mennato dia bráithrib RC xxiv 176. 4 .

cuirithir puts away from: cuirid díib in nere so, Wb. 27 b 11 . n do chor diib, Sg. 106 b 2 . rochuir a mertnigi de, SCC § 31 . dénum aithrige co cuirmis dind ní diar cintaib, MacCarthy 62. 1 f.b. cor chuir in cathbarr de, Acall. 7931 . SG 13. 3 . PH 451 . iar ccor in tṡaoghail dé having retired from the world AFM 847 .

dlomaid removes, expels from: dlomais dóib da thír díles, LL 152 b 45 .

do-airindi, -tairinni lowers : aṁail do turnadh an chloch don tṡlíabh, TSh. 3. 20 .

do-boing exacts (a tax) from: toibgigthur éric dit, Laws ii 16. 6 ; ib. i 136. 11 , v 422. 20 . fuil Críst do thabach dia clannaib, PH 3287 . a lín in tṡluaigh doboing bretha dín, RC xvii 143. 19 .

do-cuirethar, vn. díchor, puts away, prevents from: bod ríg Érenn acht co ṅdíchuirea Luirig do neart ata forin neclais, BB 208 a 38 . díchor da cach dualaig, Alex. 824 .

do-ecmaing, -ecmaing cuts off : coneccmaing a láimdói di Lugaid, RC iii 182. 3 . décmaing a chend de, LL 291 b 3 . RC xiii 46 § 58

do-esc-, tesc- cuts off : doneiscend a chend den mil TBF, ZCP iv 41 . 5 (YBL). do chlaideb féin tescfas dít do chend, Dinds. § 36 . tescthar de a lám, RC x 68. 15 . gur thesc barr a thengad de, Cóir Anm. 279 . gur thesc a chenn da cholann, Sechrán 66 .

do-feid, do-díat leads from: as nert Dæ dudaruid som du cech imniud, Ml. 63 b 12 . oca tuididen di cech imniud, ib. 92 c 5 .

do-foscart-, -diuscart removes : díuscart dím an delg, Thes. ii 248. 4 . díscart dín in nécin fil fornd, LU 63 b 9 . nodiuscartiss de, BColm. 94. 22 .

do-fúarcaib, tócbál, etc. raises from: ní thuargaib a cend dia glún, LMU § 17 . tuarcabad dímm a náirde tegdais i rraba, PH 3728 . toicébut sa mo thinnscrai dhít, Lism. L. 1159 . dosnócaib do lár, Trip. 552. 8 . cioth rod-tógbhuais dot choilcthaib, ITS v 20. 10 .

do-gaib, vn. dígbáil, takes away from: dirogbad a díib, Sg. 9 b 16 . ná digebad cid a oenḟocul dia briathraib si nó di briathraib ind cáich cossa fuided, Mon. Tall. 150. 5 . ó ndígaibther .vi. lathi díbsin, PH 4931 .

do-ícsa takes off : bithus di chend dít amal tíscar di luin, LU 71 a 22 . ní thíscad a drucht do rind ind ḟeoir FB § 88 .

do-ingaib, vn. díngbáil, keeps off from: Dia dím cech saeth doringba, Thes. ii 351. 5 . FA § 16 . a Dhia cidh ná dingbai dínd in cia why keepest Thou not the mist off from us? RC xvii 143. 17 . BColm. 92. 17 . PH 344. 7233 . dingaib dind na hamaiti, Acall. 6767 . 4416 . 5463 . 6975 . 7143 . 7680 .

do-léci lets go, throws, lets down: condarlicthe tech immunn di nim, Wb. 15 c 13 . tairlaicid forchai tentide dina nemdaib a fiery bolt was hurled from the skies Trip. 60. 19 . ind long...doleced do nim, FA § 2 . rotelged... do neim, BColm. 64. 8 . theilgeas na daoine i dtiaich na talṁan do chlár táiplisi an tsaoghail, TSh. 26. 2 . teilc tart doit, Thes. ii 258. 12 (one expects dít).

do-seinn hunts : rotaiphnedh socraite Poimp don muigh, CCath. 5769 .

fennaid flays : iar ḟendad a chrocind ┐ a ḟindfaid dia chind, PH 6578 .

fo-ceirt throws from: focertam fial diínn, Wb. 15 b 4 . amal foceirt nech a ætach de, 32 c 11 . facheird dia aicniud, Ml. 94 c 8 .

fóidid sends : fóidis Dia Michel do nim, SR 1918 .

foxul, toxul remove from: iar foxul s diib, Sg. 15 b 9 . ferann da togslaidther in athgabáil, Laws i 302. 17 .

gaibid takes (away) from, keeps from: gabáil mo gotha dím, Ml. 95 d 13 . masa gabáil rogabu de in mac sin, Laws v 200. 12 . ní gebed di dul ind, Thes. ii 315. 22 ; ib. 333. 1 .—Frequent in the phrase gaibid desemrecht di takes example from: co ngaba cách d. dit gnímaib, Wb. 31 c 8 . 7 b 14 . 24 c 8 , 14 . 26 a 25 . 26 b 7 , 13 , 18 . 26 d 7 , 17 . 28 a 20 . 30 a 24 . 32 a 2 . Ml. 22 b 1 . 30 d 13 . 118 a 7 . cu ragabthai se desmberecht dimm, PH 5272 . ib. 3573 .

gataid takes away from, lops off; steals from: ní gatda diib imnetha in betho, Wb. 10 b 1 . mar ragatad a chend de Chormac, LL 52 b 7 . gatsat mo uli indmas dím PH 704 .

glanaid clears away from, expels from: glanais a luathred di lár ind lis, LU 23 b 12 . Mac Moga ┐ Eocho glanait sluago Mumnech do chlár Lifi Lagnech, LL 35 b 10 .

gluaisid moves from: gluasacht oenubuild díob de lár Mon. Tall. 145. 18 .

in-árban expels from: indarpe s de genitin ejection of `s,' Sg. 77 b 2 . Usually constructed with ass.

laaid casts from: ní rolsat som cumachtae ṅdé diib, Ml. 16 d 2 . rolá in cennide dia chind, ScM. § 3 . rolá a bratt de, PH 1128 . 7084 . Cf. rolái dó a étach, ib. 5242 .

léicid puts away from: fár léigis díot do choimét, SG 260. 11 . ná leic meisi don chroich sin, PH 2471 . anté leigeas de gan bheith ag smuaineadh, TSh. 7. 5 ; same phrase 9. 19 .

leoid cuts off from: co roleoad dia bun, Ériu iv 134. 11 .

scáilid loosens from, releases from: BB 364 a 40 . rosgaoil macc an chuill dá héill, Tor. Dh. Oss. 182 . co roscáil de fochetóir, PH 2195 . atá mian orm sgaoileadh dhíom, TSh. 75. 14 . leaves alone: sgaoil don médail!, RC xxix 220 .

scipaid sweeps or snatches away from: cor scib dím in díliu, Ériu iv 128. 15 . an ceann lem ingin do sgiobfainn dod chaolsgrog, Midnight court 652 . ib. 709 .

taithmigid loosens from: taithmidig a chuibrige de PH 2227 . assan i cuibrech ┐ ócech immalle fria. taithmigid díb, ib. 4372 . 2223 ; with do = di, 2112 , 4888 .

-talla takes off: tiagsa contall a chenn dind aithiuch labar, Ml. 58 c 6 . nico tald som dér dia gruad, Mon. Tall. 153. 23 . an bic co tall mo léni dím, LL 277 a 19 . antan tallus mo chéill dia thorbu dam, Ériu iv 134. 11 . tallsat in étach de PH 3300 .

tremi-beir transfers from: crux ainm do gním in chrochtho acht tremiberar di suidiu conid ainm dun chrunn, Wb. 8 a 5 . Ml. 2 b 17 . 21 c 3 .

III With verbs denoting salvation from, protection from, cure of:

aingid: nonanich Dia di cach imniud, Wb. 16 a 4 . Dia mór mo anacol de mur teintide, ACC 4 .

cobraid helps out of: cabair mé don díchumang sa, BColm. 62. 11 . fuarus sa mo chabair do cach docamail irraba isin tsægal, YBL 164 a 31 .

do-eim rescues from (orig. `demit'): conidnderoimed di lámaib Sauil, Ml. 55 d 4 .

do-essoirc saves : dumesurc sa din (sic leg.) galar fúail se, Thes. ii 248. 11 . donnesmart...do, etc., 322. 10 .

ícaid saves from: ár nícc donaib galaraib i mbiam, Ml. 107 c 8 . isindí rondannícais ni din derchoiniud hísin, 89 a 6 . din galar, 48 b 2 , 48 d 28 . dun g., 61 a 34 . dun tedmaim, 123 c 3 . donaib imnedaib, 35 c 20 .— íccfaid side (i.e. Dia) cách dia cintaib, PH 6475 .

soeraid id.: nobsóirfa si Dia dinab fochidib, Wb. 11 b 4 . di peccad, 24 c 18 . nonsoer ni di dóiri...dinaib pecthaib ┐ donaib adradaib idal dorigensam, Ml. 46 b 26 . din dóiri, 81 a 7 . de d., Fél. Ep. 532 . din galar, Ml. 48 a 21 . 61 a 37 . dinaib fochidib, 19 b 2 , 11 . 24 a 17 . 26 d 12 . di f., 20 a 12 . ( Fél. Ep. 520 ). dinaib imnedaib, 27 a 7 - 8 . 102 d 17 . donaib i., 89 a 2 . di lámaib (Asar, mu námat, &c.), 35 b 24 . 53 d 6 . 55 d 6 . 61 d 2 . 68 a 2 . 84 c 15 . 90 c 18 . Fél. Ep. 528 . du l., Ml. 91 d 4 . pro liberatione .i. di lámaib A., 72 d 6 , 7 . di chumachtu Assar, 112 c 12 . cum saluata sis, gl. di chumachtu A., 107 a 2 . saluum eum fecit Deus .i. di ingraimmim Abisolon, 87 c 1 . di thein, Thes. ii 302. 5 .— Fél. Ep. 512 . 516 . 524 . 536 . 552 . 556 . rosaerad Abraham dona gáibthib, PH 5885 . Three Hom. 92. 29

With omission of the verb: di thólu æchtrann ┐ námat di phlágaib tened ┐ nóine save us from Thes. ii 256. 11 .

IV After verbs denoting cleansing, clearing, purging, washing:

nigid cleanses from. in sruth niges anmand na næm din (v.l. don) chutrumma chinad noslenand, FA § 16 .

V With verbs denoting restraint, prevention or prohibition (di + dat. pers. or dat. rei). quis nos impediuit..., gl. dind riuth forsa robith, Wb. 20 b 1 .

ar-fuirig keeps back from: ma arfuirestae díb in taidchur, Ml. 47 b 6 .

ar-gair forbids : ní argart recht díinn, Wb. 31 c 25 . prohibentes nos, gl. .i. dínni, 24 d 24 . prohibere, gl. .i. diib féisne nó di nach aile, 13 a 26 a . ní bói ní aridgarad de, Ml. 72 b 6 . din, 53 d 9 . dím, 132 a 10 . argérat ítaid díib, 121 b 8 , with which comp. Mon. Tall. 147. 25 : ní argara ítid díob, and RC ix 474. 21 : cumma aranggairtis gortai ┐ íttaid díb na hubla; -argarad dit, BDD § 13 .

ar-troetha restrains from: artróidfea siu inna drochdáini dia nanduch, Ml. 134 d 3 .

baccaid hinders : nír bacadh dibh no one hindered them Lism. L. 3208 . an aithne bhacas dín the commandment that hinders us MacCur. p. 110 .

con-gaib restrains from: níscongbaitis .i. di ersolcud a ngena, Ml. 55 a 18 .

con-secha id. coiscid do bar nimresuin, Fen. 182. 5 . coscther a gin de golgaire, TTr. 1068 . Ériu v 190 l. 472 . coisg dá luadh, Each. Iol. 59. 3 .

do-airmesca, -tairmesca hinders : ní rotoirmescad dibso toidecht, PH 575 . Cf. nadat torbad .i. nachat tairmescad dit gaisciud, LL 262 a 21 . Cf. SG 22. 2 , 16 .

VII After fris-toing abjures : mani cometsam dear tolaib ┐ ma fristossam dear pecthib, Cambr. 37 c .

VIII After anaid ceases from, rests from, orig. `to breathe...from' (cf. ἀναπνέω with gen.): ná anam di dénum maith, Wb. 20 c 14 . iarsindí ronan hua céin di aisndis dun popul, Ml. 126 b 1 . de molad Dé ni anad, Thes. ii 315. 1 ( anad do molad, PH 2418 . ) rogess dó anad de, LL 288 b 16 . an dím, ib. 119 a 25 . ní anfem de, Lec. 150 a 1 = BB 326 b 4 . anad dind imguin, SCC § 36 . roansat dia nimratib FB § 72 . anad de thinsaitin, LL 159 b 2 . do imthecht LU 22 b 3 . 25 a 16 . ó and oc are competing prepositions.

IX In the construction of such verbs as beogidir revives from, sonartnaigidir becomes strong from: a mbeogud dia marbad, Mon. Tall. 147. 17 . a rrosonartnaigestar din galar hi robae, Ml. 49 b 4 .—Cf. Speijer Scr. Synt. § 100 n. 2 .

X After verbs denoting surpassing, excelling:

deligid surpasses : deligfit a ndegláich de deglaechaib fer nÉrenn, LL 57 a 16 .

do-róscai surpasses, excels : ní derscigem nech di alailiu, Wb. 2 a 14 . doroschither dano diib, Ml. 107 b 5 . di hilib, 40 a 18 . Sg. 40 a 6 , 7 , 8 , 17 . 42 a 1 . doróscaisset maic Israhel donaib cenélaib cocríchthaib, Ml. 119 d 3 . di neuch, Sg. 43 a 3 . 45 a 11 ; further 42 a 1 , 5 . 42 b 2 , 3 . 40 a 13 . Thes. ii 335. 43 .— dirósced Cuchulainn diib uile, LU 121 b 21 . roderscaig do mnáib Érend, 48 a 25 . darrósci de rígaib, LL 237 b 5 . FB § 1 . CCath. 279 . SG 345. 2 , &c.

ro-uc prevails over, outstrips : a ned ruc do chéli do ócaib domoin...roucaiseo di mnáib Ulad, FB § 18 . a ned rucc grian do rennaib nime rucaisiu de mnáib domain uile, ib. § 19 . roucsaidse...do sluagaib na tíri sin ule, § 93 . ruc Íth de brithemnaib Hérend, LL 12 a 17 . corruc díb Ír mac Miled...do cach luing, ib. 12 b 22 .

XI In the construction of verbs denoting lack or want of. The preposition which originally depended on the verb often comes to be associated with a neighbouring noun or pronoun in a partitive sense.

ar-tá stands before, confronts, remains: becc arabí do uidi do neuch, Anecd. iii 21. 11 .

do-esta is wanting : andudesta di foirbthetu for nirisse, Wb. 1 a 9 . 23 d 17 . ma dudesta ní dibar niris, 25 a 30 . tesarbae óinloman de, 17 d 2 . aní dodesta di chomalnad, 26 d 8 , cf. ea quae desunt .i. diar niris, 31 b 2 . ut nihil desit, gl. dia forcitul, 31 d 15 . Ml. 94 c 10 . Acr. 3 c . Thes. ii 13. 27 ; 33. 19 ; 33. 26 .—dá bliadain teasda do dá ḟichet = thirty-eight years, Cog. 140. 21 (B). dís testa do ḟichit = eighteen AU ii 230. 15 . oenlá tesbaid di fichit nineteen days SR 6814 . a ndotesta dit nirt, SCC § 13 . ní theseba do slondud su don tír se, Dinds. § 127 . —Competing prepos.: ass, Wb. 28 d 31 . Hy. v 88 .

do-fuarat remains, is left over . Prep. no longer connected with the verb: forsan dered duruarid dib, Ml. 44 a 20 . nícon diurat ní dib dia æs (partitively), 72 b 17 . do neoch rothiruarthestar din churp doenna, RC xxv 242. 8 .

mairid is left over, remains : ó nár mair do thrí cathaib na Féinde acht mad Oisín, Acall. 7906 . issed romairistar d'iarsma na muintire, 7903 .

XII After verbs and substantives denoting disgust, abhorrence of:

lius: amal nadngaib lius di suidiu is samlid insin nísgaib som lius di fordiuclaimmim mu thuaithe se, Ml. 34 b 6 .

XIII With verbs denoting buying from, receiving from. Lat. emere, redimere, mercari, accipere de aliquo.

ar-fóim receives from: anmman araḟóimtar di dánaib ut doctor de doctrina , Sg. 156 b 4 . combed de láim anmcharat arfemad sacrafaic, Mon. Tall. 146. 26 . is do láim ind anmcharat is cóir airitiu in tsacrafaic, 146. 23 . de aiti, 160. 18 .

cennaigidir buys from: is díles in mac sin don fer isa ben coro chendaigther de, Laws v 200. 12 . ceinnechutsa fín lógmar díb, LB 139 a 51 .

crenaid id.: ní cria di ṡecht mbaethaib file la Féne .i. di mnái di chimbid di mesc di drúth, &c., Tec. Corm. § 19 .

do-oggell(a), ZCP x 377 , LEIA D-172-73 . buys from: issed doruagell diib AU A.D. 963 . doruachell lógu móra don scolaigi, LB 213 a 56 .

XIV After verbs denoting asking, begging, demanding . Lat. quaerere, percontari de aliquo.

fisraigid inquires : dḟiosruig de, Gadelica ii 91. 6 .

guidid begs : in clam gáde ailgis dí, Thes. ii 339. 5 . nathir...gáid dím a tichtu i Pardos, SR 1322 . gáid side di mithisse .vii. ṁbliadan, LU 134 b 12 . But also with do ( LU 61 b 22 ; LL 288 b 16 ; 124 a 14 ) and co ( SR 2171 ).

iarmi-foig asks : with di and do in Mid.- as in Mod.- Ir.; the oldest sources seem to prefer do: iarfaigis dó, FB § 39 . iarmoracht dosom, Mon. Tall. 137. 2 . roiarfacht scéla dó, Trip. 122 . LU 113 a 22 . dia coic .i. do B., Thes. ii 334. 41 . doib (v.l. dibh) ib. 323. 9 . Mid.-Ir. usually di; de, Acall. 2854 . 3646 . 6445 (do only in proclisis as 6546 ); PH 1802 . 1960 . 2611 . 2621 . 3106 . 6579 . 7294 , &c.

XV In the construction of dligid (ar-dlig) in Mid.-Ir., competing with do.—OLD-IR. do: (a) dlegair domsa precept do chách, Wb. 1 b 8 . dlegair do neuch attlugud buide do Dia, Ml. 55 a 7 . (b) dligim ní duit I have a claim upon thee, Wb. 32 a 20 . rodligestar ní dó, Ml. 36 a 29 . MID.-IR. (a) di: ní dlegar díb dol a cath, BColm. 102. 3 . ardlig dín a cetol, Fél. June 1 . a ndermat ní dlegar dím, LL 137 a 12 . dlegar dínn ár nimcaissin do thimorcain PH 6870 . ib. 4098 . 4157 . 4168 . 4182 . 6514 , &c. ní díom dlegar, SG 320. 35 . do: dlegair do neuch cloechlód inaid do dénum, PH 6464 . (b) duine trúag dia rodlecht rí Laigen lind, Thes. ii 337. 23 . rodlig Lugaid fíacha de SG 253. 7 . orguin rodligestar Ingcél díb to which I. had been entitled from them BDD § 23 . dligid Colmán screpall de, BColm. 94. 27 . dligim dítsu, RC iii 184 . In this sense do is not used in Mid.-Ir.

XVI After verbs denoting eating, drinking from. (orig. abl. or gen.). Competing prep.: ass.

ibid drinks from: assibsem imróol di rath in spirito, Wb. 12 a 17 . de turbulento riuo ... potare .i. dint sruth buadarthu, Ml. 2 b 3 . ité ata mou atoibet do thopur ecna na deachta, PH 6238 . cachaen ibius ní de (.i. din tobur), Acall. 6778 . —ass: ibhis digh móir aisti (sc. assin tsíthal), Acall. 7151 .

óol drink from: deug mór du óul din dígail, Ml. 94 c 12 .

loimm sip from: is loimm de (v.l. do) romuir, Fél. Ep. 41 .

ithid eats : mad a lourtu noestais diib, Ml. 98 b 9 .

XVII After verbs (words) denoting choice or selection out of a number or quantity.

do-roígu has chosen : nípat hé indíi beta thuicsi di Iudeib, Wb. 4 c 40 . toga díb sin choose of them ZCP viii 318. 4 . aitire dogó de manchaib, Ériu i 220. 6 .

XVIII In the construction of do-rorban profits by, from: is mór a thorbe de dúnni, Wb. 1 a 3 . níbtá torbe de, 19 b 10 . connach bi tarbe dúinde de, Acall. 4213 .

XIX Di with ellipse of verb between two substantives, indicating removal of the former from the latter: dá mad gnáth mairb a talmain nó fuilt do chennaib dáine, Acall. 7062 . a cind dona druídib ┐ dona filedaib mani fintar cia doróne ...shall lose their heads ZCP iii 5 § 15 . Cf. usce dia mbassaib do dhig fair, MacCarthy 70. 13 .

XX Expressing position with regard to, (north, south, &c.) of: amal rundgab Slíab Sion andes ┐ antuaid dun chathraig, Ml. 67 d 14 . in tulach lethaniar do Themraig, Acall. 7897 . allathís dia ṡúil below his eye PH p. 630 b . suas de, Thes. ii 314. 7 . Cf. Sliabh Cruadha do thaobh dhé, ML 22. 12 .

XXI Ml. 55 c 1 : hi telaig ba nessam dind slóg, dind seems to stand for older dund (nessa do geintib, Wb. 2 b 17 . cid as nesu dúin, LL 258 b 43 . LB 219 a 70 . dó LU 62 b 40 ); but both constructions might be old. Cf. Lat. proximus with dat., abl. and ab, and Umbr. nesimei asa deveia (abl.), Iguv. 6 a .

XXII-XXXI ABLATIVUS ORIGINIS—denoting derivation, descent, source, starting-point or the like.

XXII After dotéit, do-ic (cf. I supra) ásaid, imfolngai, forcomnacair indicating the source (thing or person) whence anything originates or is acquired. dotéit: ished dothéit de tre ilar na ndáne, Wb. 22 a 11 . cid mall ished dodechuid de, 24 c 11 . anda lim ol sisi dorraga ní don mac sin something will come of that boy Mon. Tall. 150. 26 . is de taett ár tárcud ne, BColm. 98. 9 . do-ic: táinigc maith an tsámaid sa dom thoisgc cucu good has come to this congregation from my journey to them BColm. 98. 11 . de tháinig a thiughlaithi, MacCarthy 420. 4 (BB). táinig don smuaineadh sin gur dhiúlt sé dáinius an tṡaoghail, TSh. 13. 12 . thiocfadh de, dá dtiocfadh, ib. 14. 28 ; 34. 2 f.b. ; 48. 13 ; 65. 1 ; 80. 11 . IDIOM. ní tic dím I cannot (orig. it cometh not from me; for the sense-development cf. Acall. 7680 ): ní tic din (sic leg.) astud we cannot keep RC v 200 § 12 . tic dimsa, ib. ní thic dim a náirim uli, LU 39 a 12 . ní thicfad don domun uli, LB 145 a . ní thic dimm a nindise uli, PH 503 . do neoch, IT i 169. 21 . with do: ní thic dún a rád, LL 29 b 2 . ásaid: síl Aeda diar ásair mór ríg, LL 185 b 1 . iseadh fásas desin, MacCarthy 122. 2 (BB). fásaid in maith se díb co menic, PH 7963 . —im-folngai causes, effects : imforlinged mór namri de, Wb. 15 d 21 . Ml. 69 d 4 . déde immefolngi dundí contuarcar, Ml. 34 a 27 . condib degním immefolngither de, 23 c 5 . imfolngar gním di suidib fochetoir, 31 d 10 . a folad dia nimmolṅgaithær uox the substance from which vox is produced Sg. 3 a 2 . The last ex. shows how close is the connection between this sense and that of XXVII (c). forcomnacair has come from, is formed from, v. foll.

XXIII Expressing the origin or derivation of a name .

(a) name from: denominatiua, gl. de rét ailiu roainmnichthe, Sg. 31 a 5 . ainmnigud dind rét as mám and, 77 a 5 . doberr ainm ṅdóib din gním gníte, 156 b 6 = PCr. 65 b 1 . a fogur dia forcomnacair, Sg. 30 b 3 . mbruigfer cid ara neper? dí lín a mruige, Laws iv 31 . Lugaid...is desin ráiter Gairbḟerand claidim Luigdech, RC xxiv 186. 16 .—Often approaching or passing into the sense of `cause.' is ainm sanctus dó dind rubríci sin, Ml. 37 b 19 . amal asrobrad leusom donaib feraib trénaib di inni a nneirt asrobrad donaib ídlaib di inni a nenartae, 37 b 24 . asberam sanctos doib dint sainriud inna nóibe techtae, 37 b 16 .

(b) gram. derived from: Aniendae di anmmaim ind ṡrotho, Sg. 35 b 7 . rosarium .i. bróinde nó rostae .i. de rosa dind luib, 35 b 2 . celae dondí as caelestem , 9 a 2 .

XXIV Connecting two substantives, of which the latter indicates the source whence the former has come or is brought (cf. XIX): pane caeli, gl. in sásad di nim, Ml. 123 c 15 . Iudae Machabeo, gl. di Macha civitate , 67 b 16 . sacaird dí triub Leui, Tur. 6 . Lassar di cheniul C., Ardm. 17 a 2 ; 18 a 1 (dia desciplib di Laignib); 18 b 1 § 15 . lam nóib di Laignib, Thes. ii 326. 2 . Dé de nimib, Hy. vi 19 . Nár thuathech di thuathaib Cruithnech di chlaind Lóith LL 138 b 13 . cométaid di muintir nime, Snedg. u. Mac R 37. 6 . dias dAlbain is do Lochlaind, ib. 13 . Nechtán de Albae, Fél. Jan. 8 . Émene de Brú Berbae, Dec. 22 . Ep. 396 . láir do Chorco Ché rodnalt, ZCP viii 307. 30 . ib. 313. 32 ; 110. 5 . Ériu iv 104. 5 , 15 ; 106. 15 . luisse do ṡléib a flash from a mountain, 102. 15 . daig do sléib, Rawl. 84 b . dig den tiprait, Ériu iv 100. 15 .—do ṡíl Rosa (the npr. follows) LL 314 a 18 .

XXV Indicating racial origin, descent .

cinid springs, descends from: cinsiu di churp ríg sceo rígnai, FB § 22. 3 . conid díb rochinset in dá tharb, LL 246 b 51 . cinfid di ṡíl Chuind, ZCP iii 461. 16 . nír chin a choṁaosa dia chined i naonaimsir, AFM 1788. 5 . Competing prep.: ó ( Wb. 4 c 6 ; LL 46 a 34 , &c.).

gainithir is born from: ó óinsíl rogénartar dá macc de, Wb. 4 c 12 . cuirp genit...dina sílaib dereolaib, LU 37 a 31 . geinfid maccán dia fine, Three Hom. 98. 23 . co ngeinfitis cinedu iumda dia ṡíl, PH 2260 . oen is mesa rogen ┐ genfes do ṡíl Adaim, 3079 .—More usual with ó.

do-fuissim v. XXIX (c). is di v. XXVI. attá di v. XXIX.

XXVI After the copula.

(a) indicating the group, person or thing whence anything originates or of which it is a part.

(α) type † ba di Grecaib Aichil: di chlaind Cham ind Egiptacdai, Ml. 99 b 7 . ba do Ḟraṅccaib máthair inna clainne, Thes. ii 309. 19 . ba díb in tṡaergein Slaṅga, LL 5 b 23 . corub do muinntir Finn iat, Acall. 3142 . cúicir druad...ba díb Badgna, díb Cathbad drái, 2543 . do lucht in tíre seo hé, 7476 . do Thuathaib Dé Danann issí, 3907 . asberat bid di lucht na luinge...in tEugan Táidlech, ZCP viii 313. 23 . ib. 26 . ba de Ultaib a bhunudhus, RC vi 174. 8 . Ériu iv 140. 20 .— is din chorp in ball, Wb. 22 c 18 . ní díbsem in comsuidigud, Sg. 213 b 8 . is do chóicid Chondacht in ferann sin, RC xxiv 186 § 20 . PH 5766 . 2589 .

(β) type †ba di Grecaib do Aichil indicating racial origin: de Iudéib do Barnaip di geintib do Thit, Wb. 18 d 6 . di Iudéib doib, 27 d 4 . as ndi thalam do that he is of the earth Ml. 68 c 4 . di chlaind Thessei dóib .i. di Grecaib dóib huili, Sg. 31 b 2 . ropo do Dáil Choncobair dosom, Thes. ii 325. 4 . is dár sluagaib duitsiu a Ḟerguis, TBC-LL¹ 753 . can do Ḟind? do Laignib ar Cáilte, Acall. 6547 . Finn...do chlannaib Baiscne dó, 7307 . as do Leith Cuinn dó, 2029 . ní dibh dóibh ZCP viii 112. 1 . ib. 112. 4 . Todd Nenn. 224. 30 .—Cf. d'oendreim dóib is d'aencháraid they were of one company and of one yoke (of horses), BColm. 90. 11 .—Rarely of things or abstracts (as type α): is de corpore dissi (of the eye), Wb. 12 a 26 . prouindsi Aroandum didiu, do rigi Magnuis Cam dhi, ZCP i 388 . Hence the change of construction, Ériu iv 140. 19 : de chloind Míled dúindi ┐ do Grécaib ár mbunad.

(b) indicating the origin of a name: is de is named from: corub díb...na trí tulcha, Acall. 6517 .

XXVII After the subst. verb.

(a) of origin, descent, native place : nícon bia rí dit chlaind, ZCP viii 315. 24 . manodfil fer di chlaind Airt i nÉre ishé in fer sin, 311. 34 . Most frequent diatá from whom is (are) ZCP viii 293 pass. dia rabatar Mic Conchubair, 294. 21 .— cathrach dia rabi, PH 1635 . Cf. also Ml. 103 d 9 : cum totius gentis interitu, gl. connaconbeth ní du Israheldaib.

(b) of issue, consequence : ní bia bríg desium, Mon. Tall. 154. 11 . biaid olc de, LMU § 10 . regma amin cibed bias nde ZCP iv 46. 16 . ní bia debaid de, Ériu iv 108 st 69 . ised rombia de, ZCP vi 267 § 8 . TBC-LL¹ 1896 . PH 2647. 4745 . is eol dam a mbias de, Fianaig. 26. 7 . atá so de this results from it ZCP viii 317. 36 . cid bias din gai seo, RC iii 179. 28 ; 180. 4 f.b. inní dia fuil a marbad, Fianaig. 50. 19 ; v. XLV (a).

(c) of the origin or derivation of a name: atá di is named from. is de attáa Féna Forfid, Ardm. 18 a 1 . Colmán mac Duach diatá Cell meic Duach, Ériu i 44. 1 . conid de atá Cnoc in Banchuire, Acall. 2851 . isam mebrach inní dia fuil, 7305 . is díb atá Ferb in Trír, 7349 . inní dia raibe, 6451 . is desin atá, 7880 . Ériu iv 140. 8 .—Cf. conid desin atá in seanḟocul, RC xxiv 194 § 8 .

(d) makes a part of, belongs to, v. XXXIII (k).

(e) of the stuff or material, v. XXIX (b).

XXVIII The idiom attá di such is originally meant it follows, comes, results from (XXVII (b) supra), is because of . A similar usage occurs with do-ic: dothicfad dia nimut nách biath anóir forro = such would be their abundance that they would not be valued ZCP i 386. 10 ; and with rosaig: rossaig do binne a labartha conid, &c., TBith. 101 . —For the sense-development cf. especially: consternatus sum, gl. atá di thrummai na fochaide insin, Ml. 23 a 19 , which might be translated: this results from the heaviness of the tribulations. robói du méit a pecthae som combu uisse a nepeltu i nóinecht so great were their sins that...(orig. it followed from the greatness of their sins, &c.), Ml. 98 c 6 . robói du chensi Duaid conná rogaid do Dia dígail for Saul, ib. 55 d 4 . búi dá cosṁailes ná haithned nech fer seoch a chéile díb, CCath. 2051 . atá do gére theinedh ifrinn dá ndoirtidi fairgi an domain na chenn nách turnfadais aenraed dá thes, RC xxiv 381. 14 . atá do ṁét an ḟuachta atá and, ib. 17 , 20 , 24 , 26 , 28 , 30 . búi dia noemi coná rolámsat a marbad, PH 552 . —si sanctorum pedes lauauit, gl. marusbói di humaldóit, Wb. 28 d 29 . ni tha dia méit, 5 b 10 . ní rabæ di esamni Duaid co naipred, &c., Ml. 33 c 17 . attá di ṡeirc la laitnóri inna nGrec co seichetar cid a comroircniu, Sg. 1 a 2 . rosbúi do bríg they had such grace Snedg. u. Mac R 9. 2 . búi do méd a ratha such was his grace Ériu v 20. 6 . robói d'imarcraidh egla forro conná fededar..., CCath. 776 . robúi do méd do cinedaib roclói Poimp conice sin nárbo miad leis, &c., 275 . atá d'iomat maigeanta as díolarrdhacht maisdeadh such is the abundance of my intelligence ML 124. 5 . dobí d'ḟebas a ṁebra gacha cluinedh tiar is tair dobíodh aige do mebair, SG 108. 7 . bói d'ḟebus in fethme...co, &c. LB 156 b 28 . dobai d'ḟeabhus aimsire...go fuabradais fognamaig na fearann gan feidhm MR 102. 7 . dobí dá thinneasnaighe tháinic, SG 27. 28 . dobhí dá rothes, 22. 13 . búi dia luas som cu cengailtea a marcaig isna dillaitibh, ZCP i 382. 2 . atá dia sruthi ┐ dia huaisli na hesergi co mbátar..., PH 3424 . Acall. 3119 . In late Mid.-Ir. also with a personal subject: ní bíd dá bochta nech isin domun ná bá hécen dó a ícc, LB 132 b 7 , for Oir. †ní bí di bochtai neich, &c. no one is so poor. atá da faide fodhes iatsen (Stokes' emendation unjustified) ná faicet acht blogh bec don tṡechtar rét, CCath. 1583 . — di méit...feib as much...as: itá do mét dethiden ┐ gráda cáich díbsium feib oc araili, RC xxv 246 § 24 . Cf. XLVIII.

XXIX Indicating the material or substance of which anything is made or consists .

(a) between two substantives (for orig. gen.), connecting the material immediately with the thing, type: tob di humu a bronze trumpet Ml. 2 b 16 . críol di croccund róin a basket of sealskin Thes. ii 347. 33 . cros dit sailiu, ib. 249. 3 . mílech de ór, BDD § 1 . tuagmila di ór ┐ airget, ib. léine dei ṡítiu, ib. ecor de ór, ib. cúaich di ór, Anecd. iii 50. 20 . bruidni do dergór, 51. 2 . brat d'olaind Tíre Tarrṅgaire, Acall. 7268 . cimus do bánór, ib. léine do tṡroll ríg, 7415 ; do tṡída buide, 7660 . coróin do spínib PH 3296 . cros de ór, MacCarthy 38. 7 . ib. 38. 3 .—Competing with the gen.: amdabach do sciathaib, Acall. 6940 : amd. sciath, LU 65 a 6 . MR 142. 3 . én dergóir, MacCarthy 38. 8 ; cúaich óir, LL 22 b .

(b) attá di is made of, consists of: dá maelassa imma chosaib ┐ ní feas cia luib dia rabadar, Ériu iv 138. 28 . inar corccra...┐ ní fess cia luib dia robi, PH 2854 .

(c) after verbs signifying `to make, to shape, to produce, create; to be made,' &c. Lat. de aliquo fit aliquid; facere, componere, comparare, fabricari (aliquid de aliquo).

con-utaing builds up: amail cumtaiges inna curpu móra dena sílaib dereolaib ┐ dano amail rochumtaig na curpu dermara den dligud nemaicside ┐ den dligud nemchorptha, RC xxv 242. 10 . is sochma do Dia coro chumtaige cen adbar nó de adbar deróil cech nadmat bes áil dó, 242. 14 .—Cf. XXXVIII.

fo-ceirt: ár do chor dínni, Ml. 135 c 1 . rolauth ár dermar di cechtar in da leithi, LL 408 a 46 . ib. 404 b 24 .

cruthaigidir creates, shapes : rochruthaigfea in Comdiu cuipa na esérgi dind adbur toltanaigfes do, RC xxv 242. 7 . isé rochruthaig Adam do chriaid in talman, PH 2289 .

do-fuissim brings forth, creates : hé donrósat do nephní SR 7518 . má rothuismis na huli do nefni, PH 4796 . clanna cáine tusmiter di ḟorbbaib téchtaib, LL 293 b 40 . na dúli dia rotuismidea na cuirp sin, RC xxv 242. 13 . cuirp na ndáine...tusmiter dina sílaib dereolaib, 252 § 37 . LU 37 a 31 .

do-gní makes. (α) trans., type: mad fleteg dogneid dind œclis if ye make the church a banqueting-house Wb. 11 d 16 . dorigénsat in descipuil deu diib, 7 d 10 . ib. 2 a 10 . 4 d 1 . 8 c 9 , 11 . 9 d 4 . 13 a 21 . 17 b 29 . 24 d 11 . Ml. 26 c 2 . 27 d 2 . 51 b 8 . 69 c 7 . níbu machdath dorónta dia dind liac that a god should have been made of the stone Sg. 65 a 1 . ib. 9 a 18 . 26 b 5 . 27 a 13 . 35 b 13 . 41 b 4 . 63 a 9 . 63 a 17 . 66 a 22 , 28 . 70 b 4 . 100 a 11 . 125 a 6 . 149 a 2 . 187 b 6 . 188 a 22 . 197 b 7 . 209 b 10 . 216 a 1 . is di lus...dogníther in chorcur, Tur. 115 . din chloich dorigne saland, Hy. v 40 . Thes. ii 337. 27 . na dúili co ndernta do nemní, RC xxv 252 § 36 . déna bairgena dona clochaib se, PH 4797 . dogéna ór do indebar, 7276 . dorigne sroigill do ṡúainemaib, 4526 . cruithnecht don eorna, BColm. 102. 32 ; 104. 1 . MacCarthy 48. 7 , 11 . SG 251. 3 f.b. gadaigi dogní dimsa you make me out a thief Ériu v 234 l. 52 ; cf. PH 7600 . dorinni sé rí do Lingcus, RC x 181. 22 . doghéna Diabul cimidhi dona pecthachaibh, xxviii 318 § 36 . LB 212 a 5 . RC xii 428. 2 f.b. Ériu iv 134. 12 . PH 7656 . TSh. 32. 28 .—Here also dogní di = to do with, dispose of (like Lat. facere + abl.): an rochara dogné dímsa do with me as thou wishest RC xxiv 150. 31 . ZCP iv 43. 13 . apair cid dernais dind ornaisc, RC iv 43. 29 . déntur do thoil féin dímsa, ZCP vi 277. 12 . (β) impers., type: do-rinne ḟinnmagh d'iforn hell became a fair plain Ériu iv 114. 28 . ib. 116 st 20 . co nderna min ┐ luaith díb. Acall. 5585 6336 . 6340 . ib. 5619 . 5013 . 420 . 421 . 2395 . 3510 . doringne cuach cera dia gnúis, TBC-LL¹ 2602 . 6083 . SG 250. 18 . co nderna brioscbruar dona huile longaib, ib. 3 f.b. dorignedh uisce searbh da lionn, 28. 23 .—With ellipse of the verb: ní asse nóib di suidib not easy is it (to make) saints of them Wb. 3 d 28 .

suidigidir establishes : rosuidigestar æm óinchorp d'ilballaib, Wb. 12 a 30 .

im-folngai v. XXII supra.

XXX Indicating the place where action is originated and whence it extends while the originator remains fixed there; type: dobert maldachta foir di mulluch in tslébe he cursed him from the top of the mountain Ml. 58 c 4 . ex Sion...inde, gl. is dé ropridach ┐ is de atror int huile talam, 69 d 3 . luid hi telaig ┐ argart doib di suidi, 55 c 1 . fommchain...de dindgnaib doss it sings to me from the tops of bushes Thes. ii 290. 9 . di uertice fulget .i. din mulluch, Tur. 140 . Dia firién cluines mo dó nuaill de (v.l. do) nimiath néll who from the heaven-land of clouds hears my cries ACC § 5 . is dib (viz. from the thrones) beres in comdid a briathra fíriana for cech noen, PH 6239 . asbert Bricriu friu do lár in tigi from off the floor of the house FB § 26 . tarlaic aurchor do muin a mairc, Oss. i 3 . Also: gabtar ár neich dún ┐ indliter ár carpait co ndernam cathugud dar nechaib ┐ dar carptib indiu, TBC-LL¹ 3609 . Cf. debaid dechaib, s.v. debuith.

XXXI In some STANDING PHRASES in connection with a subst., adj. or pronoun.

demaig from without , q.v.

deṡiu: romsnáidhet d. ar demnoibh, Ériu iv 238. 8 .

fri...deṡiu on this side of: fri Alpai ndesiu, Sg. 217 b 8 . fri crích deṡiu on this side of the boundary, 217 b 12 . citra .i. centarach .i. frie deṡiu, ib. 71 b 2 .—Opp. to fri...anall.

dianechtir from without : Ml. 57 d 10 . 66 a 3 . 67 d 2 . 127 a 14 . 211 a 9 .

diandes from the south , Thurn. Hdb. 287 . Ml. 67 d 2 .

fri...denall from yonder side: fri sonnach adíu...fri sonnach denall, LU 23 b 19 .

denuas from above, de-super: d. dotiagar hisa tech, Thes. ii 292. 19 .

di bunud (from the root) from the beginning, originally: ná hadṁuigh si toirrchius na bainimpire óir ní let é do bhunadh, Sechrán 24 . Ériu iv 53. 10 . dar liom is urlabhradh daona sin agat...is duine mé do bhunadh, OCT 13.12-13 , 14 . Cf. iar mbunud, Acall. 7704 .

di cech aird from every side : abís in mara timchellas in talmain sin do cech aird, RC xxv 252 § 36 . FA § 6 , § 28 (LB).

di cech leith id., undique . immib di cach leith, Wb. 17 b 19 . dugairet arbar inna nnámat...impu di cech leith, Ml. 62 b 13 . 66 d 10 . in talmain impu di cach l., 51 d 3 . v. leth.

di cech thóib id. na héigmi doníthi umpu do cach thaib, Acall. 6782 .

di chéin from afar (a) of time. doarrchet d.c. nombiad adrad Dé la genti, Wb. 6 d 8 . is d.c. immunrordad, 20 d 10 . (b) of space: fasisidar di chéin Coinculainn, LU 71 a 34 . do neuch ditoet do chéin aidchi ndomnaig, Anecd. iii 21. 12 .

di chian from afar, of space: gan nech do thiachtain dochum ár longpuirt do chian ná dḟocus, Acall. 5474 .

di chianaib for long : robádar cethri cridiscél liomsæ de ch. I have long had four darling wishes Mon. Tall. 136. 20 .

di chiunn with a verb of motion = away . intan tét a laithe di chiunn cosnaib gnímaib, Ml. 21 c 3 . For other senses of di ch., v. 1 cenn.

din chur so (sin) this time, on this occasion, now , &c. Already Mon. Tall. 148. 14 (den ch. sin). don ch. sa, TTr. 1275 . LL 215 a 45 : dind ara chur.

di éis after ; but do might be older ( dom héis se, Wb. 29 d 9 ). retro .i. di ess, Ml. 2 c 1 ; dia é., 23 d 17 . 72 b 17 . dia né., 69 a 8 . 53 d 15 . diar néis, Sg. 195 a 2 .

di ḟocus, d'ḟocus from near : do chian ná d'ḟogus, Acall. 5474 .

di ḟót at once, suddenly : di fot .i. dinad nó di maighin .i. fochetoir, O'Dav. 754 .

dinad on the spot , v. di ḟót.

di leith: dind leith ailiu, Thes. ii 16. 40 ; 35. 32 .

di maigin on the spot : ó rob erdalta lais a ṁarbhadh do ṁaighin, Hugh Roe 102. 20 . O'Dav. 754 .

disin hence, then Ardm. 18 b 1 (twice); glossing Lat. unde Ml. 44 b 27 - 28 . Tur. 59 . Lat. hinc Ml. 48 c 1 . 104 a 3 . Lat. exinde 90 d 13 . Lat. proinde 108 d 3 .

B In the construction of certain verbs (and subst.) which might partly belong to the categories mentioned above.

XXXII aithnid, Mid.-Ir. aichnid, enjoins, commands : ná derb le maith ná le saith issed aithnius díot an Flaith, ZCP vii 301 §8 . tre forchongra in Tailgind do aichin dim dul ann, Acall. 7254 . mar daithin díobh gan where he commanded them not, &c., Keat. aithnes dia apstalaib, LU 35 a 31 . dá ḟeadhnachaib, ML 64. 22 . roaithniged díob, SG 54. 21 .— One would expect do (cf. Cog. 146. 16 ); di seems to have arisen in such phrases as do aithin dóib (díb) cen...do dénum.

buadaigidir is victorious, wins : nír bu lour leusom buaduguth dib with victory over them Ml. 33 c 13 . is missi buadaigfes de bar mac nDamáin, LL 82 a 38 . buadugud do Grécaib dona Troiandaib, TTr.² 180 . In Fél.² clxxii 11 , di seems original.—The same constr. occurs after búaid.

celebraid bids farewell : de Ḟiachraig, LL 51 a 17 f.b. díb, 276 b 4 . díib, Trip. 182. 18 . do: celebor dam, LU 73 b 8 . celebrais dó, LL 291 b 7 f.b. dóib, Trip. 198 . TFerbe § 16 Eg.; do seems original.

dethiden care , v. LII (c θ). essamnae fearlessness, confidence , v. ib.

lenaid adheres to, cleaves to, follows : lenit a pecthe dindí dobeir a ngrád, Wb. 29 a 23 . 5 c 16 . 10 a 5 . co lenamain dít, Ml. 101 b 1 . roleldar díb (i.e. axibus) 96 c 13 . rolil dím, 54 d 7 . lenaid din gutai thoisig, Sg. 9 b 17 . Thes. ii 310. 34 .—Thus also glenaid: glete de which stick to him Ml. 127 b 19 .—There is no support for the common supposition that di has here taken the place of do. The vn. díle .i. lenamain, Metr. Gl. 17 , also points to di as the original construction.

remcaissiu providence , remidéci provides for, v. LII (c θ).

C DI IN A PARTITIVE SENSE, often taking the place of the old genitive.—The partitive sense arose when di loosened its connection with the verb and became dependent on some neighbouring word denoting quantity. Compare the following instances where the sense of the original ablative is still apparent: assibsem imróol di rath in spirito we have drunk a great draught of (orig. from) the grace of the Spirit Wb. 12 a 17 . Ml. 94 c 12 . cach æn ibius ní din tobur, Acall. 6778 (cf. ité atoibet do thopur na deachta, PH 6238 ). gatar dam díb one of the oxen is stolen BColm. 56. 13 . ní foichred cnói díb for lár, LU 90 b 6 . cid focerdmais ní dé why should we cast away any of it? Cog. 96. 23 . dís testa do fichit eighteen AU ii 230. 15 . má dudesta ní dibar níris, Wb. 25 a 30 , &c.

XXXIII

(a) Preceded by a cardinal or ordinal number: óin di airchinchib Assiæ one of the leaders of A., Wb. 7 b 11 . óin dinaib aicsenaib inso, Ml. 62 a 22 . unus de cantatoribus, gl. dinaib cétlaidib, 61 d 5 . oen dinaib cestaib, Anecd. ii. 12. 1 . aen díb, ZCP viii 110. 30 . aen do chétt one out of a hundred BColm. 106. 11 . -mebdatar a nnói díib ZCP viii 313. 35 . míle dia náimtiu, PH 4048 - 4051 .

(b) preceded by a numeral subst.: mórḟeser dia muintir, Ardm. 18 a 1 . dias aile díb; dís dia muntir, PH 4427 . triar do chlannaib Baiscne, Acall. 7308 . morfesiur dia aes gráda, PH 980 . ochtur do Cháilti, Fianaig. 50. 1 . trí nonbair d'iarsma na Féinde, Acall. 7896 . trí .l. ban do mnáib T., 7822 . Cf. is óinfer gaibes búaid diib, Wb. 11 a 4 .

(c) preceded by a pronoun or pronominal word: alaile: alaaili diib...alaaili dano some of them Sg. 215 a 1 . for alailib diib, 208 b 9 . rel. a n-: ní áirmi a mbís iarna chúul dind séit, Wb. 24 a 17 . a mbís hóṡen suas dind eo, Thes. ii 255. 7 . a fúair do ṡaethar ┐ do ṡalchar, PH 7390 . ib. 7485 , 7646 . cách, cech: cách di suidib, Ml. 26 b 20 . cách diib, 114 c 15 . 137 c 2 . díb, 42 b 5 . 42 c 7 . díob, Mon. Tall. 132. 14 ; 133. 15 ; 136. 2 . cech diib, Ml. 72 b 27 . cachae, cechae: cach hae díib, Sg. 74 b 4 . cechae diib, Ml. 40 c 21 . 146 a 2 - 3 . cach ai dib, Thes. ii 330. 11 . cach oen, nach oen: fri cach noen din cenélu dóine, Cambr. 37 b . cech óin díib, Ml. 90 c 27 . dia chlaind, 133 a 10 . cach haen do mnáib, BDD § 3 . nach oen...de[m] muindtir, Mon. Tall. 129. 36 . cechtar de: Wb. 15 d 9 . 19 c 21 Ml. 17 d 12 . 39 b 2 . 31 b 3 b and 4 . 31 a 24 . 114 b 1 . Sg. 4 a 8 . 29 b 16 , 18 . 77 a 6 . 147 a 5 . 188 b 5 . nechtar de: Wb. 11 c 17 . 14 c 4 . Ml. 35 d 24 . Sg. 27 b 6 . 62 b 2 . 173 b 6 . 201 a 4 . cía de, Wb. 23 b 33 . Sg. 242 a 1 . c. dhib, ACL iii 5. 29 . RC xxiv 194. 1 . cia don dís, PH 3262 , 3273 . Acall. 7644 . cid: cid as maith di sunt, Wb. 12 d 12 . After é, sí, ed, often emphatically brought forward with the copula: ishe rochreti di muntir Cessair, Wb. 24 b 31 . ishé céetne fer cetaruchreti di áis Assiae, 7 b 11 . ithé ciaturuchreitset diib, 14 a 29 . issí mo sanserc sa di cleirchib, Mon. Tall. 150. 10 . sechi sí dia rígnaib, Ml. 65 d 8 . issed romarb don tṡlúag, RC iii 181. 36 . intí: intí nochreitfed diib, Wb. 5 a 20 . intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19 d 6 . 102 d 4 . Mon. Tall. 132. 24 . indní díob adgladmis, ib. 136. 29 . nech, neut. ní. nech: accaldam neich diib, Wb. 13 b 3 . nech di æcnib, 8 b 4 . 18 c 11 . 28 b 1 . 32 c 8 . nech dim chlaind, Ml. 23 d 6 . nech dinaib nóibaib, 51 a 16 . cen nech dimm æs dim chlaind, 23 d 9 . nech dia chloind RC xxiv 202. 12 . ní: fil ní de as fir, Wb. 11 d 2 . ib. 1 a 9 . 12 b 32 . ma dudrignius ní donaib remeperthib, Ml. 23 c 27 . ní din main, 97 d 10 . ib. 20 d 4 . 24 a 19 . 60 b 6 . 102 a 20 . du dánaigiud neich dúnni di (sc. a thrócaire), Ml. 96 a 8 . ithe neich di, 102 a 15 . ib. 105 b 7 . Sg. 147 b 3 .

(d) preceded by a substantive (or substantivally used adj.) denoting part or quantity . banne: b. dond lind, LL 208 a 46 . bec and its opposite mór: is bec di mór aní roinnisemar, RC xxvi 148 § 28 . is bec di mór chena aní sin, LU 17 b 32 . ní romill a bec din chasail, Trip. 58. 23 . ní beg dhe, O'Gr. Cat. 115 . a bheag ná a ṁuar de, Midnight court 520 . blog: dind ailig, Corm. s.v. gaire . don blonaicc IT iii 65. 8 . CCath. 1584 . iar mbloid don ló, Ériu v 116. 4 . boimm: b. don bargin, LB 49 b . PH 5141 . cethramthu a quarter: cecha cethramthan di (viz. nox), Ml. 95 d 8 . cuit: cuit cáich din rath diadu, Wb. 5 d 6 . cuid díb, Otia i 115. 6 . drécht: dreecht díib, Wb. 4 d 6 . 5 c 22 . i ndrécht dind hiriss, 11 d 2 . cachla drécht diib, Sg. 38 b 8 . drécht din aidchi, Rawl. 44 a 1 . Otia i 114 . d. mór dona longaib, TTr.² 1701 . dia muintir LU 65 a 37 . d. d'écsib, LL 161 a 5 . drong: drong dia míledu, PH 848 . d. dona Iudaidib, 2623 . d. díorma do ṁaithibh Dháil Chais, AFM iv 1064. 8 . leth: assin leath deiscertach de Ultaib, RC vi 174. 5 . indala leth dind rígthig FB § 15 . lucht: a roacairbe fri lucht aile díb, FA § 9 . mír: mír dind lucht, Thes. ii 339. 3 . rann: rán din deacht, Wb. 12 c 13 . rann diar forcitul, 14 c 15 . r. di sillaib, Sg. 59 b 9 . rann din obli, Thes. ii 255. 14 . pars de feoil, Mon. Tall. 132. 8 . rand de (sc. corp) RC xxv 242 § 14 . sochuide: s. diib, Wb. 8 a 17 . uathad: huathad ṅdóine do chretim diib, Wb. 4 d 4 . bid huathad creitfes diib, 4 d 5 .

(e) after words like ball, membur, tráth, lá, bliadain and the like, to denote the unity of which a part is expressed by the preceding word: is ball di Críst in fer, Wb. 22 c 9 . is ball dind fiur in ben, 22 c 9 . naich baill dind deilb, Sg. 5 a 5 . óire nundem membur uili du Dea, Cambr. 37 c . Thes. ii 255. 15 . in naemad caibdel do lebar Matha, PH 7293 . 7304 . lomán dia brut a string of his cloak BColm. 92. 30 . in fichetmad lá do mís Márta, PH 2574 . ba hí in sesed uair do ló innsin, 2894 . isin nomad bliadain déc do ḟlaith Tibir, 2571 . etir dá thráth din ló, RC iii 184. 29 . re deirid don ló, Acall. 7696 .

(f) similarly after any substantive (or adj. used absolutely), denoting the class or category of which the preceding word forms a specimen. (α) type: duine (fer, ben, macc, rí, &c.) diib = one of them: sé maic leis. ní fárcaib mac díb claind, ZCP viii 291. 21 = nech díb, 292. 3 . trí slóig ...slóg díb, FA § 22 . ní fil diib mnái nachit charad, SCC § 6 . tuarustal uirrig diobh, ZCP viii 116. 33 .—Similarly duine (fer, &c.) di chét one of a hundred TSh. 55. 16 (d. do chéad). Cf. oen do chétt, BColm. 106. 11 . cech fer din cethrur so, Ml. 2 b 13 . (β) type: fer dia muintir a man of his household Wb. 33 a 2 . ib. 9 c 31 . cach fer di chlaind Latin, Sg. 33 a 13 . do cach cathrur di Románaib, 33 a 10 . 51 b 13 . 138 b 4 . (γ) type: aingel di ainglib nime one of heaven's angels Wb. 18 c 11 . ib. 12 d 40 . rann di rannaib in domain, Ml. 125 b 7 . ced laá di laib sechtmaine, Thes. ii 40. 31 . robrisiset cleith di clethaib ind rígthige, FB § 25 . fer d'ḟeraib Éirenn, SG 291. 25 . fer dina feraib, ib. §§ 61 , 91 . oenchainle dina cainlib sin, FA § 13 . mac dia maccaib PH 6614 . ball do ballaib, 7631 ; ib. 4825 . secht deich bliadna de bliadnaib, MacCarthy 192. 6 . Often emphatic.

(g) Very frequent with a comparative or superlative or word with the force of a superlative: carissimo filio, gl. dim daltib huilib, Wb. 29 d 3 . iunioris .i. di chlaind Iacob, Ml. 85 a 2 .

(α) di follows immediately after the comp. (sup.): anas ansam diib, Wb. 10 b 1 . in deil as choemem di dindgnaib Roerenn, Thes. ii 295. 3 . cia ben is mesa do mnáib, ZCP viii 113. 11 . in dá én ba háildem dib, SCC § 6 . fer as áldem di feraib Hérend, FB § 51 . in fer ba ṁó dḟeraib Éirenn, Acall. 7990 . in ingen ba sine díb, 7329 . in tóclach ba mó díb, 5064 . is cruthaige dferaib, 6988 ; ib. 7393 . 7819 . oenlaech...caeime do laechaib in domain, FDG 575 . in tænduine is ferr delb don Ádhamchloind, Acall. 7562 . in ba hindilldirghi dibrucud dona feraib ┐ in ba mó eiri dona trénmogaib, 7394 . dún ba dili lais dia dúinib, TE § 1 Eg. in dún fa nessa dóib dona trí dúintib, Acall. 7462 .

(β) type: in gaiscedach is ferr robói d'ḟeraib in domain, Acall. 6557 . in tarm is derscaidti bai dib, RC xxiv 196. 4 . triur is ferr lámach atá d'ḟeraib in domain, Acall. 6092 . in lín is lia robadais d'ḟéind riam, 7621 .

(γ) type: intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19 d 6 = intí bes t. díb. Cf. ní beth duine budh áille anás, Acall. 6020 . ní ḟuil don drong dænnachta nech is annsa limsa, 6434 .— After words equivalent to a sup.: prímgeinde do hireschaib, Wb. 4 b 9 . lennán dia claind, RC xxiv 176. 10 .

(h) di in partitive sense after a negative verb (esp. attá) = Fr. il n'y a pas de: nád bíad dē de cleithi la chenél and, Trip. 1814 . See cléithe. nísfil do pláig for bith nachusbera sin for cúlu RC xii 430 § 21 . go nach raibhe do chongnaṁ aige, ML 30. 15 . ní fail di nach dath ná beth forsin loch sin, LL 170 a 37 . cen co beth do thrénḟeraib and acht Fergus, Ériu iv 28. 15 . cen co beth do gaisciud and acht Conall, ib. 28. 20 . gin co beth d'ḟis ná d'ḟíreolus a nÉirinn acht..., Acall. 7887 . ní fuil d'feraib innti acht mathir sea, Acall. 5958 . ní fuil d'écsib Innsi Fáil fear imtha, Ériu iv 220. 9 . gonár fácbhadh do bhúaibh i nÉirinn so that no cows were left in Ireland, ib. i 89 § 36 .—Similarly in positive clauses after attá: i mbói di óinachdaib leu robeth for díb mílib ech, Ml. 43 d 1 .

(i) partly from the preceding usage and partly from the partitive usage in general arose the idiomatic use of di neoch din neoch, din cách (with or without díb) = cách, cach oen, nech.— fidbretha...muirbretha do neoch doruirmius, Laws i 182. 1 . is triasin forcongra sin atresat na huli dáini a bás .i. do neoch rosluic talam ┐ atuatar biasta, RC xxv 236. 2 = PH 3628 . fer rodíglastar Ultu for firu Hérend .i. do neoch díb romarbad, Ériu iv 28. 27 . bertís lægu riasin tráth arnabárach ┐ do neoch nobered loegu díb noscáiltis imma loegu TBC-LL¹ 1531 . cech dúil do neoch techtas bethaid all creatures who PH 4021 (partit.). morfesiur dia aes gráda do neoch ba díle lais díb, ib. 980 (part.). ragait attrebthaide Salamona etir aes ┐ áitid din neoch as tualaing gabáil gascid, TTr. 490 . ara clannaib...de neach file ┐ bias co dé ṁbrátha, LL 36 b 4 . connách bái dUltaib i mbethaib do neoch donarbo chotlud ná cuala, TBC-LL¹ 2962 ; —Here perhaps also Thes. ii 11. 36 ; Wb. 17 a 11 di neuch is governed by Lat. oboedientia. Neut. di neoch all that: imdéntar leis do neoch romilled dUltaib, TBC-LL¹ 1612 (di depending on imdéntar; but 1622 : imdénta latt an romilled dU.). essbuid cecha maithiusa do neoch fil eter neam ┐ talam, PH 4344 . Cf. also 2219 : coro díglum ár nancride fén fair do neoch forodámar ara dáig, where di depends on díglum.

(j) di partitively with the copula = one of, part of: is d'adbaraib chatha Chula Dremne sin that is one of the causes of RC xvii 142. 4 . bid dia phianaib a niffern na péisti sin fésin ic cocnam a ḟola it will be part (one) of his sufferings PH 7670 . bid diar scélaib, Snedg. u. Mac R 14. 7 . ba da bésaibh cach ní fa tibred lám da forba it was one of his customs to complete everything to which he put his hand CCath. 1178 . is do thimnaib rechta Moysi nemthomailt ḟeóla mucce, PH 6542 . is do bhuadhaibh an chopáin so an tan, &c., Oss. iii 226. 25 .—Here also Ériu vi 160. 2 f.b. : corub d'ingantaib láime Ciaráin an scél sin. Cf. XXVI above.

(k) di partitively with attá = forms part of, belongs to: ní di chorp atóosa hóre nímtha laám, Wb. 12 a 21 . ní nádmbed arse di chorp acht atá de, ib. 12 a 22 .

XXXIV Type ferr do laech a better warrior : isé ba ferr do laech, LL 150 a 37 . Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20 . am ferr do laech andái (sic leg.) RC ix 460. 4 ( ICM 1. 5 ). Modelled on the plural: †ité batar ferr di laechaib.

XXXV di . . . di, di . . . nó di, whether . . . or, be it . . . or, developed from the partitive sense of di: gibé noḟothraiccfedh innte (viz. isin dabaig) do chlannaib Fiachrach d'ḟior nó do mnái whether man or woman Anecd. iii 5. 3 f.b. (depend. on gibé). aonduine d'fir nó do mnái, ZCP viii 211. 20 . ar ná bí nach soer fri tairmthegd in domnaig di triun ná tróg whether strong or wretched Anecd. iii 25. 20 (depend. on nach). ní búi mílid...doná búi cara isin longphort sin da coibhnestu nó do cliaṁain nó da comdalta nó da fir aenchluichi isin Róim, CCath. 2431 sq. ní faicfed delb daena fair do chind ná do chois, RC xxvi 146. 3 . cidh bé conair isin domun do dodhaing nó do ṡodhaing be it hard or easy CCath. 639 . Not here PH 4285 . —Cf. do bicc nó (do) mór little or much PH 4140 . dḟír nó do gó, ZCP v 24 st 15 , v. L infra.

XXXVI GENETIVUS GENERIS: after a collective, quantitative or numeral word, di indicates the constituent units or substance. Competing with the genitive and sometimes not distinguishable from the gen. materiae (XXIX above) and partitivus.

(a) after a numeral word: a nói do móin a nói do min ┐ a nói do chaill, Thes. ii 298. 10 . míli dainglib, Acall. 7735 . trí cét míle do demnaib, 7770 . aon do ló one day ZCP v 495. 5 . viii 562. 10 . SG 23. 16 . Caithr. 150. 5 . aen doidche one night SG 60. 31 . Cf. araile doidche below. dias de fennedaib, LL 90 b 25 . céd do doirrsib, Snedg. u. Mac R 13. 19 .

(b) after pronouns and pronominal words: quaecunque fecerimus, .i. di sóinmechaib ┐ dóinmechaib, Wb. 4 b 5 . nihil, gl. di frithorcuin, Ml. 95 b 2 . Rel. a n-: (α) type: a ndorigeni Dia de maid the good that God had done Wb. 21 d 11 . 30 a 8 . Cf. Ml. 124 b 5 . a césme di cach imniad ┐ di cach guassacht in betho, Wb. 13 d 7 . (Cf. in rocésusa dimned, Anecd. iii 55. 18 = 56. 8 .) Ml. 127 a 2a . a nobid and de feol, Mon. Tall. 129. 25 . a tánic do noeblégund a tír, 136. 21 . a ndernnsat na senóraig do thoirrsi, Acall. 7909 . (β) a ndu imnedaib fodaimi what of afflictions thou sufferest Ml. 55 d 11 . araile: a. doidche, SG 12. 32 . Cf. oen di ló. cid: cid as imgabthi do dénum di ulc ┐ cid as déinti di maith, Ml. 51 b 10 . dim: deim de eot deim de formut, ACC § 105 . ed: ciped do phéin nó do fochraic dliges, RC xxv 240 § 13 . ceped dliges di phéin, 242 § 15 . ní, nanní, nech, inneoch. ní: ní di maith, Wb. 28 d 31 . 33 a 15 . ib. 13 a 12 . Ml. 15 d 9 . 23 c 20 . 36 d 10 . 63 c 5 . 68 d 14 . 93 a 20 (ní di máinib). 114 b 12 . 114 c 9 . 122 b 16 . 124 c 22 . ní di maith, Mon. Tall. 134. 17 ; 147. 30 . ní de min some meal, 157. 31 . ib. 137. 7 . nanní: slogait nanní do uisciu dodaic, Ml. 123 d 3 . 96 b 5 . 96 b 13 . nech di fáithib some prophet Ml. 93 a 5 . co millit in neoch bís do moltaib accaind, Acall. 7677 .

(c) after a collective term or quantitative word (subst. or adj. abs.) or the name of anything having component parts. aicme a tribe : Siracusii .i. aicmae di Graecaib, Sg. 106 a 7 . ib. 34 b 2 . airge a drove; a herd, a troop: airgi do buaib, Acall. 7602 . a. do bochtaib, AFM p. 824 . banne a drop : banna bec de usci, Mon. Tall. 150. 36 , 37 (but banni dond lind LL 208 a 46 partitively). bec a little : a mbecc sin dogníu di maith, Wb. 24 a 12 . a bec ndo síd and, Ml. 51 a 5 . bec ṅdi dechur, 72 c 9 . gan a becc ná a mor do chomraind, Acall. 5474 . boimm a bit : b. do arán, Lism. L. 2734 . breth choice of: do breith fén dór ┐ dairget, Eg. 1782, 30 a 1 . do breth féin do iath ┐ do ferann, Ériu v 150 l. 71 . ib. l. 62 . crithir a spark : c. do chuimne, TSh. 11. 13 . cutrumae an equivalent : a cutrume si do súg this much juice Mon. Tall. 150. 40 . dia enough : d. do cheart, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 356. 1 . d. do phudhar, ib. 13 . do chin, 21 . drong a flock : drong dechaib, Acall. 6542 . d. da gach uile bethadhach, ZCP ii 270 § 205 . emid: emid di fiur so much of a man Sg. 66 a 6 . ere a burden : ere camaill de ór, PH 2011 . here do úir Rómae, BColm. 84. 9 . foróil super-abundance: f. dinaib anib, Wb. 16 c 22 . frass a shower : frass do nemannaib, BDD § 2 . Anecd. iii 50. 15 . gar: gar daimsir iarum a short while after PH 7199 . lán the full of: lán lainne a scéith di úir, RC iii 182. 6 . —Cf. XLIII. lín number : ara lín du chenélaib, Ml. 131 c 17 . lín do bochtaib, PH 6129 . loimm a sup: lom di midc, Mon. Tall. 136. 10 ; but lom nais, ib. 9 . lór sufficiency : ba lór do neim dó he had enough of venom Ériu iv 32. 2 . lór do chalmataid, ib. 28. 16 .—Cf. XLIII. méit quantity : méit di flescaib, Sg. 3 b 19 . cia méit...do biud, Thes. ii 335. 29 . cá mét do chloind, SG 250. 8 . méd do chinedaib...mét do degthoici, CCath. 275 . mór much : mór di maith, Wb. 11 a 20 . 4 d 10 . mór di genib, Thes. ii 322. 24 . a mmór de, Mon. Tall. 152. 22 . is mór do cheol dochualamar, Acall. 7212 . mór do tṡétaib ┐ dindmusaib, 5355 . ib. 7883 . Cf. mór nóir, mór nargait, Anecd. iii 55. 8 , the older expression. morán id.: m. do ṁíltib SG 9. 24 . ordu a morsel: dorat do Ísu ordu do bratán ḟonaithe, PH 6711 . ré space of time: re ré mor do bliadnaib, Acall. 5541. 7029 . riar as breth above: a réir do ṡétaib LU 133 a 40 . LL 375 b 38 . treimse id.: re treimse do bliadnaib, Acall. 5547 .

(d) after words denoting kind, sort, like, parallel, &c. a samail di ríg, SCC § 37. 8 . a samail di graig, 37. 6 . ní fuar do ṡét di márchlois, Liad. and Cuir. 16. 6 . MOD. ní ḟeaca riaṁ a ṡaṁailt sin do dhuine, W. K. a leithéid sin dechtrannaib, SG 260. 3 .

(e) after other substantives: ascaid de ór, PH 7057 . cró uimpi d'ḟeraibh, Ériu iv 112. 11 . fit mór de tuari anmín, Mon. Tall. 152. 18 . lóg di máinib inna nEgiptacde, Ml. 84 c 12 .

(f) frequent with comparatives denoting quantity: quod minus habuistis .i. di rath nó di forcitul, Wb. 18 a 8 . uilliu ...di fochaid, Ml. 54 b 30 . ní bia di mútaib bes huilliu, Sg. 7 a 1 . lugu di mirbuil, RC xxv 252 § 36 . lugu do chinaid, PH 5166 . móo do peccad, 5259 . ZCP viii 111. 9 . MOD. níos mó do ṁaith, &c.—After lia di occasionally has the sense of Abl. respectus: cipsa lia do randaib nocha lia do naeṁaib, Ériu iv 224. 2 . lia do maccaib na rígna do degamsaib, ib. 94. 1 .

(g) buan dolcc a lasting evil RC x 226 § 179 . cinnte do chendaigib certain merchants LB 115 a .

(h) after words like dabach, soithech and the like, di denotes the contents of the vessel: dá dabaigh décc do lionn maith, ZCP viii 116. 1 . baiglend do midh soóla a can of delicious mead Acall. 7421 .

D DI OF MEDIUM, CAUSE, MANNER, TIME & MEASURE in the senses of the original instrumental; in old texts the latter is occasionally still preserved: isé nobenfad a crand oenbémim di bun, LU 58 b 21 . iarna foebraib fennad, Fél. Prol. 48 .

XXXVII Di introduces the tool or instrument by means of which something is done, after trans. verbs denoting:

(a) to make or to do , dogní, conutaing: is do rinn scine doníther, Corm. Tr. 145 . in loech órda cumdaiged do lámaib, PH 2830 . in gái dia ndernais in gním namra, RC v 203 § 26 . don chaladcholg is dom gó díob dorignes in gleo, SG 252. 11 . dodhein teine de chipíní, Gadelica 88. 41 .

(b) to seize , gabaid: rogab din láim aile in seig, SG 391. 16 .

(c) to beat, strike, ply upon, scourge , and the like, benaid, buailid, dobeir builli, dounsi béim, gabaid, dofuairc, &c.: cote in rinnd dia ruba uitam omnis hominis, Wb. 13 d 25 . béim dind echḟleisc, SCC § 8 . dobennaissiu hé di ḟleisc, Trip. 224. 16 . dobeir M. béim do biail, RC xiii 30. 10 . dounsi Cuculainn béim da biail do, FB § 77 . dounsi C. béim din chlaidiub, ib. § 57 .— tuc buille dó do chrann na sleige, Acall. 6721. 6731 . don chonṡlaitt, PH 856 . gabaid goi...dorat buille de i toeb Ísu, 3358 . buille do laigin, 2874 . cét mboaille fort láim dé abaind, Mon. Tall. 142. 10 . bualad do chloidheaṁ, Ériu i 102 § 63 . búailset dia mbassaib, PH 117 . 2143 . do ṡlaitt, 135 .— doriacht fer co claideb...┐ dorat dara brágait don apstal de, 2151 .— co ngébad do chlaidim air féin, Acall. 7495 . rogab cách díb da claidmib a cend araile, 6261 . PH 3299 . — is díbside sraiglit, FA § 16 . — rotúaircset a nochta da ndornaibh, CCath. 1082 . túaircset do flescaib ┐ do sonnaib, PH 2143. 8313 .

(d) to cut, shear, clip , tescad, berrad, gerrad, selgad: arna dteasgad d'armaib an chatha, Ériu i 91 § 41 . is cumma imthescad dá sciath ┐ dá sleig ┐ dá chlaideb, LU 79 b 14 . deimes dia mberrtha, SG 411. 12 . gerraid sí... dia fiaclaib, PH 7661 . consealgad glasgég darach dia corrán, RC xxiv 196. 18 .

(e) to break, to injure : dobrisfinn thfiacla dom dorn, RC xix 144 § 120 . dobacaighedh mac Con la Coirpre don rindcne .i. do sleigh Ailella, RC xvii 11. 2 .

(f) to wound, to kill : gonaid, créchtnaigidir, ardíben, marbaid: cor ghonsat toeb na himagine de (sc. in gae) PH 142 . gaet do ṡleig Deirg, Acall. 1104. 1745 . in gai dia gcréchtnaigther, CCath. 3669 . ardibiba sluaga dia lúaignib, SG 254. 29 . d'iarann ní marbthar, Fen. 68 . Acall. 3236 . SG 391. 32 (di chloich). a nguin d'armaib límtha SG 42. 15 . Cf. marbhas d'urchar sleige í, ML 32. 13 ; Acall. 6947 . 6950 . 7065 .

(g) to throw, fling : doléici, dobeir urchor, foceirt, dobidc, &c.: dambidc Semei di chlochaib, Ml. 58 c 4 . rodíubraic rónurchair de (viz. lia cloiche), Acall. 4802 . dobered urchair di, Acall. 5797. 5810 . Oss. ii 2 . tolléci aurchor de, FB §§ 82 , 87 . focheird rout nurchair din liathróit, TBC-LL¹ 1024 . — Cf. for frestal a námat do clochaib, CCath. 1873 .

(h) to drive, drive away, expel : bruidni dia taircellad a eochu, Anecd. iii 51. 3 . bocṡlaitt dia nescartad conu PH 851 . dorigne sroigill...┐ rosindarb di na slóig, 4526 .

(i) to destroy : toghail in múir do reithibh toghla, CCath. 1883 .

(j) to bind : rochengail hé do línscoit, PH 2916 .

(k) to write : in chathach roscríb dia láim féin, Fen. 167 . scríbtha do láim, PH 4769 . gur thoit eite cuige conadh de sin roscríbh in leabhar, SG 23. 21 .

(l) to shut : dúnaid comlaid a thaige de baccánaib íarnaide, RC vii 296 l. 116 .

(m) isé doratt tí dia bachaill he made a circle with his staff BColm. 52. 23 .

XXXVIII With a wider application introducing the means or instrumentality; transl. the Lat. inruptione (abl.), gl. di maidm, Ml. 85 c 6 . ceilid conceals : náchar étir le do cheilt do bréthir ná do gním ná do chomartha, RC xix 166. 3 . buadrid disturbs : búaidrim port parrghais do neim an imarbais, Ériu iv 114. 12 . buadertha in táth dia chacc LU 74 a 24 . dogní makes, does : mina déna maith díb... mina déna toil Dé díb (sc. na hindmasa) PH 4110 . lessaigid aids, heals : in lín do bochtaib conicfatís do lessugud do indmusaib, PH 6129 . lassaid illuminates : isiatt so na lóchranna da lasfatt Laighin, ZCP viii 110. 16 . insorchaigid id.: roionsorchaigh iarthur Eórpa do ṡoillsi soalach, ZCP v 496. 6 . loscaid burns : mo loscud do chrithrib, TFerbe 610 . loscud do thenid, PH 7428 . conutaing adorns : conrotacht in grianán sin do imdénmaib sainamraib, FB § 3 . conrottacht in timdorn féssin dór, TTr. 1548 . bethugad support oneself by: a b. dá allus féin with his own sweat SG 41. 28 . broenaid: dia rath ronbróina Brigit may B. let her grace rain on us Thes. ii 326. 6 .—Not uncommon in Figura Etymologica: mad ferr cotobsechfider di chosscc alailiu, Wb. 9 a 23 .—Like Lat. per introducing the intermediate agent: is dítsa tarras sin uile through thee Acall. 5986 . teora mná torrcha di hUltaib do mnáib na nDéisi, Ériu iii 141. 219 . di chumachtu by means of, by the power of: cia tír ass asam lat do thabairt dúinne dit chumachta, ZCP viii 318. 34 . cia clérech dá fil muilenn cerr do ch. a mírbuile, BColm. 102. 23 . di chomairgi through the protection of: terno do chomairci an naeim each ríg Lifi, BColm. 90. 10 . de and desin thereby, by means of that, deside id., desen, Thes. ii 335. 37 , see PH 629 b .

XXXIX After verbs of vanquishing, gaining victory, triumphing, excelling, &c., di introduces the domain within which victory is gained: aonlaoch bérus barr ormsa do rith ná do chomrac ná do chorraigecht, SG 290. 12 .

XL After the intrans. verbs dotuit and docer, di introduces the tool or weapon; the agent is usually introduced by la. craet dofæth don gai seo a maccu. dofaeth rí din gai sin, RC iii 178. 22 . dofaethsat din gai roléici, 180. 39 . ib. 38 . dofaoth Fraoch darmaib Eochaid, ML 124. 12 . dona harmaib sin, Acall. 7029 . 6885 (di ṡleig).—dorochair de (viz. din gai) RC iii 129. 31 . Also followed by béim, lám and the like: gur thuit N. do béimeannuib ṁic Mórna ML 18. 25 . dofaeth in corp den snaisse, Anecd. iii 62 . co torchair do bíc (= bidc) aenuaire, BB 49 a 23 . tuitfid dá láim, ML 58. 1 . di láim M. docer Daire, LL 48 b 25 . MacCarthy 192. 4 .

XLI After verbs of buying di introduces the price: manisdeirclimmis di thorud ár láam, Wb. 26 b 16 . dorúaicled do lóg ḟola Críst, PH 3242 . oenfiach adrenar nde, Anecd. iii 22. 21 . ceinnechut sa fín lógmar díb, LB 139 a 51 . rochennaigset don argut sin ferann, PH 3235 . dochennaig sé ┐ nách dór nó dargat acht dia ḟuil féin ┐ dia ḟeoil, 7513 .

XLII In the construction of arbeir biuth he uses, consumes , competing with the genitive: airbert biuth di thorud a precepte, Wb. 10 d 14 . as di sunt arbeir biuth, Ml. 60 b 11 . intan airbir bith in scriptúir do deismirecht asna salmaib, Ir. Ps. 128 .

XLIII After verbs, substantives, and adjectives of filling, satiating, smearing and the like, where di has taken the place of the original instr. or gen. línaid: ronlín di rath in spirto, Wb. 20 d 11 . líntar lán di fín, 11 b 13 . a llínad di atrub ┐ dóinib, Ml. 133 c 11 . CCath. 1920 (forlínaid). cor lín in grian da soillsi in doman, Acall. 5442 . líntar lestar de, PH 6362 . ib. 2507 . líonta dairc, TSh. 38 . 14 . líon mála de ghainiṁ na trágha, Gadelica 88. 26 . lán: inna mmaige robtar lána di Assaraib, Ml. 40 b 7 . ib. 36 b 3 . 40 b 7 . 104 d 3 . Sg. 59 b 18 . it bois láin di uisciu, Thes. ii 249. 10 . ib. 320. 26 . ScM. § 1 . FB § 67 . ba llán in tír di suigibh, Anecd. iii 49. 9 . at lána dímsa, PH 3405 . ib. 2016 . 2113 . 7177 . Subst. loingṡithel ┐ a lán duisci inti, Acall. 7149 ; cf. XXXVI (c). foslig smears : lase foruillechta béoil in chalich di mil, Wb. 7 d 9 . foselgatar a bráthir a tunig som do fuil, Tur. 128 . focertar i nim ┐ fuslegar de imman delg, Thes. ii 248. 7 . sáithech satiated, satisfied , sásaid satiates : ba sáthech in cú de, Hy. v 28 . beit sáithig de na braineoin, Lec. 440 b 9 . na hindmassa doratait dúinn...do sásad bocht díb, PH 6122 . lour: lór di chath, SCC § 36 . PH p. 787 a ; cf. XXXVI (c). riar supplying wants: a muinntir do riar don ṁin cheadna, TSh. 137. 10 . Cf. also frisailethar serves, attends : rofreslad co maith do cach ní, Acall. 6845 .

XLIV DI OF MANNER—the sense of means passing into that of attendant circumstances. The old instr. is occasionally preserved: dotaet bidc, FDG 37 (YBL). atchuadatar briathraib bíthib, SR 5814 . —doghabhasdair aga ccaoineadh do chneadhaibh ┐ d'éighṁibh ┐ d'osnadhaibh ML 108. 14 . gabuis in rígmílid uirri do brathbuillib móraibsecha co torchair leis, SG 251. 4 f.b. laibheoraidh an cluigín do ghuth ṡolusbhinn, ib. 2. 33 . dolabhair do briathraibh gruama, 12. 23 . adubairt Serlus do briathraib imcainte, RC xix 18 § 6 . adubairt do guth mór, ib. 18 § 4 . adubhairt d'ḟoclaibh dána, Midnight court 61 . rolabhuir an colam fris do glór dhaona, Ériu iv 53. 31 . raluidin se de marcaib I used to ride on steeds Ériu i 72. 20 . dothuit ar talaṁ do tháimnéll báis she fell to the ground in a dead faint RC xix 162 § 151 (ambiguous). di léimim with a leap: dotiag dia léimim inna carptib, LU 63 b 5 . TBC-LL¹ 738 Y. téid san uaṁaigh do léim, Ériu i 30. 239 . di bidc id.: dotaed do bheidhg asin imdaig, FDG 37 B.K. (dotœd bidg YBL). In a similar way arose a great number of standing phrases, cf. di chois, dech, di ḟorcraid, doenguth, doenbreith, doeninntinn.

XLV DI OF CAUSE, REASON OR MOTIVE—This sense was developed partly from the sense of `means' and partly from that of starting-point or origin (XXII above). Cf. such a phrase as: is de tháinic a thiugbás originated from i.e. was caused by Acall. 2584 .

(a) from, by, in consequence of, according to, in various usages: si enim mente excedimus, Deo, gl. .i. caritate .i. di imradud Dæ, Wb. 15 d 7 . Ml. 99 a 9 . Sg. 50 a 3 . di chor cruinn dacer dul issa muir de ligno sortis in mare missus Tur. 131 . cia adbar dia cess in bith, SR 7866 . ropo liath in mag sin dia ninchinnib, RC iii 177. 33 . ba brecc do imdornchoraib na claideb, Ériu iv 26. 26 . corbo chlárḟind...don tṡnechtu, TBC-LL¹ 1706 . ní bia blicht ac buar ...don bás hísin in consequence of ZCP viii 111. 23 . ní bí acht trí duirn in cach duine díb ┐ is bláith inócclach iat da méte féin according to their size (Stokes) ZCP ii 260 § 186 . fordorchae soillsi in lae don tṡaighnén (means and cause at the same time), CCath. 373 . de therefore, for that reason, consequently : Thes. i 5. 29 . ii 253. 8 . is de tra doforgill som, Mon. Tall. 140. 17 ; 144. 25 . is de forácaib Fiacha Connla ina tír, ZCP viii 314. 16 . betis colla de can chend, Ériu i 130. 39 . RC xii 88§97 . ZCP viii 115. 4 . Denoting consequence: torchis Eocho do chinn a chéli co mbreth Colla de, ZCP viii 319. 29 . bia torrach uaimsea ┐ béra mac de, BDD §7 .—Often in poetry in a vague sense, esp. at the end of a line to suit the metre. Frequent after comparatives corresponding to Lat. eo, Goth. þe, Eng. the; v. 5 de. desin id. bái imchosnum ┐ tnúth mór eter B. ┐ F. desin, RC xxiv 180. 10 . dochuaid doigh éada a nAoife dhesin, OCL 6. 7 . is demin desin conid náma Dé intí ná cretend, PH 2264 . coná fétait desin na popuil fognam, 4233 , 568 . &c., v. PH p. 629 b . TSh. 20. 22 . deside id.: conid córa deside marb do rád frisin pecthach, PH 4811 . diṡuidiu, disuidi, didiu, v. didiu. dindí for that, because, since , cf. airindí: dindí nád rochoilset ind Assair tempul, Ml. 48 d 28 . inde est quod...i. dindí as nansae ┐ as línmar a cenél sin condaarthróithad Dia, 104 a 6 . itaque .i. dindí atacomla, Sg. 161 b 10 . ib. 197 a 15 , 16 , syn. with fobíth. cid dia n- why , cf. cid ara n-, cid frissa n-; may contain either di or do according to the verb that follows. cid dia léicid cundubairt for drécht úaib..., Wb. 13 b 12 . cid dia nepir som aní sin, 19 d 11 . is súaichnid cid dia ndechuith, 16 c 7 . cid dia téige uann RC x 66. 10 . cid dia rotdíchlis ḟormsa, LL 289 b 33 , cf. SG 61. 38 ; but Ml. 35 b 24 (ind fochuinn dia ragbhtha .i. dia sóirad) contains di in the sense of ` of, about, concerning .' aní dia fil the cause of: inní da fuil a marbad, Fianaig. 56. 19 , v. XXVII (b).

(b) in the construction of several verbs, subst., and adjectives, denoting:

(α) to die of, to be sick with: atbail, atbath, caillter, téit éc, is marb, galrach and the like. atbail: mani eple de, Sg. 181 a 5 . dafuabair galar...atbail de, SCC § 4 . in dig tonnaid dia nerbalt, LMU 17. 32 . co nerbailt do bidg oenúaire, LL 25 a 39 . atbélam di ḟuacht ┐ gortai, MacCarthy 62. 8 f.b. de galar olc, ib. 158. 8 . atbath: conid de atbathatar, Thes. ii 298. 18 . dend áine sin, Mon. Tall. 156. 5 . dia guin, RC xxiv 184. 15 . do mallchríne, MacCarthy 144. 2 . do thám thrait, ib. 142 st 3 . do galar, BColm. 106. 4 . conbeba dot breith, LL 147 a 6 . caillter: ní caillfear den ocras tu, Gadelica 90. 37 . éc: éc a máthar dia breith ZCP viii 303. 31 . dochóid N. éc de thám, MacCarthy 146. 3 . a éag do chuṁaid a ṁná, Ériu i 24 l. 115 . tatham: rothathaiṁ C. do bheadhg aonúaire, AFM 308. 4 f.b. marb: marb in ben dot breith, LL 147 a . do bidc oenúaire, SR 7170 . de thám, MacCarthy 150. 15 . do galar, ZCP viii 120. 4 . do dásacht, TFrag. 164. 2 . do chumaid a mná, RC xiii 11. 7 . de, PH 3844 . The opposite is beo de, Wb. 10 b 27 . galar: amal as már a galar de, Ml. 40 b 9 .

(β) to reprimand for, take vengeance for: is cúrsagad rondcúrsagusa di chomitecht, Wb. 19 a 6 . oc toibeim for Laegairi don badbscél, FB § 70 . cairigid: cairigius a menma Ailill don gním sin, TE § 6 LU. Competing with imm. díglaid: coro díglum ár nancride fair do neoch forodámar ara dáig, PH 2219 , v. XXXIII (i).

(γ) to beat one for sth.: céd mbémenda fort láma...da cach uabar dogensat, Ériu i 201. 6 .

(δ) to do penance for: issí a pennit de, Wb. 26 b 20 . du aithrigi dia pecthaib, Thes. ii 253. 6 . ní hécen aithrigi disuidiu, Mon. Tall. 142. 2 . co ṅdénsat aithrigi don chul doronsat PH 993 . aithrige don ulc roimraid, 5134 . ib. 1208 .

(ε) to complain of: fodord dóib di dommatu, Ml. 97 d 10 . murmurare de inopia .i. din dommataid, 97 d 11 . de male potentibus querela, gl. denaib míchumachtgib, 29 a 9 .

(ζ) to be or become angry for: rofergaiged Ailill de, LL 27 b 1 . rofergaigestar fri Patraic do marbud in druad, Anecd. iii 36 . iarna dechrad d'íttaid, LL 75 b 25 . gabaid feirg desin, PH 981 . ib. 855 . Competing with imm.

(η) to be proud of, to boast of: rosgab huall dí imbud a soinmiche, Ml. 57 c 13 . connách gabad huall de, Ml. 69 a 17 . is deidbir móidem di suidib, Wb. 17 d 19 (a rare construction). is diumdach Gúaire díot, SG 53. 13 .

(θ) to be envious or jealous of: nongaib format friu dia sóinmichi, Ml. 43 a 14 . nád robae étugud Dæ desom, 32 d 10 .

(ι) to be thankful for: attlugud boide do Dia dibar nícc, Wb. 27 c 2 . di cach maith, 27 a 7 . dia sóirad, Ml. 117 b 7 .gratus...de præstitis, gl. dinaib remfoiridib, Ml. 72 c 3 . gratus...de recentibus præstitis, gl. dinaib remfoiredib nuib .i. dinaib degnímaib, 75 a 12 . budig desen, Thes. ii 343. 32 . dín bat budig brain, LU 119 a 33 . buidech dib, ACL iii 6. 1 . Midnight court 898 . diambtis budig d'oenbairgin, Ériu i 132. 72 . SG 19. 6 ; 54. 32 (bud buide Guaire díot). BB 498 a 15 (di toirtib in talmun).

(κ) sad, mournful, tired, weary and the opposite: arnápat toirsich dim chuimregaib se, Wb. 26 d 21 . 27 a 34 . toirsich de, Trip. 84. 19 . brónach: is de ní beth brónaig, Fél. Prol. 188 . b. de díth a coiceli, ZCP iii 248 § 63 . desin, PH 911 . doguilse: d. di neuch adbaill ┐ di neuch nád etar ┐ di neuch bís la nech, Wb. 16 b 11 . co cáined in doman do bás Mártain amal noḟáiltniged dia bethaid, RC ii 400 § 38 . de quibus oportuerat me gaudere .i. díibsi, Wb. 14 d 9 .

(λ) thirst from: bátar i nítaid...dend ḟulacht they were athirst from the cooked food RC xxiv 196. 11 .

(μ) intoxicated : atbertis conid for mesca do nua fína robátar na hapstail, PH 5394 .

(ν) weak from: súili tláithi do déraib, Ériu i 138. 6 .

(ξ) Here also arcessi commiserates, has compassion on (orig. is sorry for): air arrocheis side di bochtai cháich, Ml. 61 a 9 . airchissis de, LU 78 a 15 . roairchis dind Críst, Snedg. u. Mac R 9. 9 . dib, 11. 17 . dííb, PH 4961 . dimm, 1301 . dínn 2204 . 4412 . airchis co luath díomsa, SG 393. 2 . Occasionally also do: a. daib (3 pl.) PH 1009 . arcessi do neoch, Wb. 4 c 19 .—Cf. airchissech di cech duine, Rawl. 40 a . menma airchisechtach di cach duine, 3 B 23, 27 a 1 .

XLVI DI OF MEASURE WITH COMPARATIVES corresponding to Oir. i n-: dob áirdi do dhá throigh Admirandus A. was taller by two feet RC xix 368 § 235 . as má Mars do bheagán ná oiread go leith na talman paulo maior Gadelica ii 106. 5 . For -de after comparatives v. XLV (a).

XLVII DI IN THE SENSE OF GEN. or ABL. QUALIT.: in corp do rogili ┐ in folt do roáilli ┐ in agaid do chumtachta ┐ in tṡúil do roglaissi, ZCP iv 40. 13 sq. issiat ubla is millsi amuigh do chubra innsi Áduim of the fragrance of Adam's Isle Ériu iv 114. 4 .

XLVIII (Possibly a subdivision of XXVIII) DI is the preposition in idiomatic impersonal phrases of the type: attá d'ḟebas na síne the weather is good: is fossad do chéim glan glé cia beith d'ḟeabus na síne, TE § 9. 6 Eg. má beth tra do húaite ind aessa gráid lasna tuatha cia beit trí hecailsi for cubus cech ḟir gráid, Ériu i 220 § 13 . má beth tra do úaisle ind ḟ.r gráid ┐ a airmidin dofórmagar a dligid, ib. § 15 . Here also Ériu iv 142 § 19 : cia bar lín se...ní fil ém diar núaiti we are not few; and PH 3964 : bói dia óite in inbaid he was a young man at that time.

XLIX DI OF TIME: for, during : do thríb cethorchaib aidchi ammain for usciu ┐ bargin, Mon. Tall. 136. 7 . di lau: luid tria hecosc a ṡenathar do Themuir di lau sobais on a prosperous day ZCP viii 311. 18 . do ló in ḟuigill on the day of judgment FA § 6 LB. di lau is d'adaig by day and night: do ló ná d'áidchi, Acall. 6118 . do ló ┐ d'aiche, Lib. Flav. ii 25 a 2. 22 . pl. do láib is d'aidchib, Ériu iv 106. 14 . d'adaig at night , q.v. disin unde, hinc, exinde, proinde, v. XXXI. di chéin from afar , v. XXXI. di chianaib, ib.

L DI FORMING ADVERBS from adjectives. Cf. Lat. de improviso, de novo, de integro, de cetero, de subito (Plaut., Lucilius), Lat. de repente (Plaut.). di léir diligently : guidid Dia di léir, Ml. 68 a 15 . geib do mámb do léir (v.l. co lléir), ACL iii 313. 2 . robói Fergus féin isin gliaid sin ┐ atát a scéla do léir aige, ib. 5. 7 . di glé clearly, openly : ní éicsem huile do glé cid fri saegul sechtmaine, Rawl. 88 b 26 . di gnáth usually, always : is grema duit nách é Tadhg do choṁarsa garcc do gnáth, ZCP viii 223 st 23 . do ghnáth. Miscell. Celt. Soc. 380. 12 . AFM 2256. 3 . As to do gréss cf. LI. di biuc a little, di mór much : dia nellad do bicc' nó mór ón ḟuigell ḟírén, PH 4140 . do biuc ZCP viii 217. 17 . do lomm, Midnight court 391 . Cf. XXXV above. do ṡír always = co sír, TSh. 5. 5 ; 12. 25 ; 21. 26 . dḟan sé a bhfochair a athar do ṡíor, TSh. tearcól do ṡ. aca, ib.; ised bís mo smacht do ṡír, Hib. Min. 82.12 . v. sír. Here also dano, if it is from di nuu = Lat. de novo, denuo. Cf. also dáirithe.

LI PHRASES, belonging to E in various senses.

di ág, dág, dáig, dágain, dáigin; dég, d'ḟech, d'éigin for the sake of, because of: dígal...dég ár pectha, Ml. 88 a 4 . d'fech, Ardm. 17 b 1 . bid dibar nág si ronbia ni corona, Wb. 25 a 3 . di ág mná .i. di ág Medba, ZCP viii 305. 20 . di ág aige Aingine, RC x 224. 166 . v. dáig, &c.

d'áis with the consent of, of free will : go mbendaís an tiarla as d'áis no d'éiccen until they should rescue the Earl by consent or violence AFM vi 2172. 25 . tré chloinn Eogain 'sní dá nais but not with their consent R.I.A. 23 G 24 p. 250 .

di breith, do b. according to the judgment : do b. rechta PH 2810 . do b. a anmcharat, ib. 7615 . See breth.

di bríg because of: de bhrígh nách bhfuil spioraid Chríost aca, De Imit. 1. 16 . do bhrígh ó bheith na pheacthach dhó, TSh. 62. 1 . dá bhrígh sin for that reason, TSh. and mod.

do chet with the permission of, opp. cen chet: adubhairt nách geabhdaois suirghe ón dias sin oile acht do chead a nathar, ML 12. 25 . do chead Dé, SG 16. 35 . do ched a nathar, AFM v 1686. 24 .

di chiunn, do chiunn away , after a verb of motion: intan tét a laithe di chiunn, Ml. 21 c 3 . for the sake of, on behalf of, &c. de chind, LU 82 b 18 .

di choiss on foot : is dia chois a mbúi, Hib. Min. 70. 15 . immathéged cách dia chuis, LU 40 a 12 . dariachtatar na noecharptig...┐ in triar de choiss maroen riu...┐ nira luathiu na noecharptig anda in triar de choiss, LL 101 b 32 = TBC-LL¹ 5876 . do choiss, BB 487 b 5 . ib. 7 a 34 . conadh airi sin nách togluasinn laech do ch. ná dheoch, ZCP i 394. 13 . Cf. di thraig below.

di chumaid from sorrow LL 11 a 29 . 23 a 50 , b 38 . SR 6923 . See XLV (b α).

di dáig because of. See dáig.

di deoin by the will of: atbath rí de deoin Dé, LL 133 a 22 . dia deoin of his own accord LL 16 b 7 . PH 2361 sq. dia nd., LL 193 a 46 . dom d., Fianaig. 62. 12 . ZCP viii 223. 30 . v. 1 deóin, aindeóin.

d'écin by force : d'áis nó d'éiccen, v. dáis supra.

d'eoch on horseback : do chois nó dh'eoch, ZCP i 394. 13 . Synonym for eoch, TFrag. 204. 15 .

dom dóig on my own account : doscríbus sin dom doig Mon. Tall. 154. 26 .

di druimm by means of, in virtue of, on the score of: de dh. dinntleachta, De Imit. 4. 1 . do dh. chennaig, AFM vi 2076. 5 . na ccreach, ib. v 1338. 4 f.b. de dhruim díchill ┐ díoghraise, TSh. 225. 3 (N.E.). Often only a strengthened di, v. druim(m).

di eclai for fear : d'eagla go ndiongnadh biataigh dhíobh ML 118. 17 . ná hinnis aní bu mian leat do dénam d'egla muna, &c., Ériu iv 126 § 4 .

d'ḟebas on account of the goodness or excellence of: tét do saigid Chuipit dia febus a ṡeirce sium ó gentib, Aen. 384 . d'feabas a delba, FDG 458 . tabair di siud iad d'febas. a huirchill, SG 297. 6 .

d'ḟech v. di ág supra.

d'ḟeirc in anger : dodechad...d'ḟeirg riut dot romad TBC-LL¹ 3421 .

dia ḟír in truth LL 192 a 36 ( Metr. Dinds. ii 49. 39 ).

di ḟochonn in consequence of: di ḟ. a ferge a ttothfund for fairge, Todd Nenn. 132. 51 .

di ḟorcraid, di imḟorcraid, d'imarcraid abundantly, extra, in excess : atá leusom di forcrid a ndudesta airibsi, Wb. 14 a 33 . conná ternó ní dona .u. gaiscedaib déc nobítís di imforcraid hi tegluch Chonchobair, LU 61 a 13 f.b. ; cf. PH p. 758 a , and see immarcraid, immḟorcraid, immarcaid.

d'ḟorniurt through the oppression or tyranny of: fearg oirne ┐ air d'ḟoirnirt indluig, Ériu iv 212. 20 .

di gním nó di bréithir in word or deed : má dotuc easanóir do g. na do b. do nech acu, RC xix 28 § 22 .

do gréss continually, semper : origin of do obscure, v. 2 grés.

di inchaib, do i., d'inchaib ( LL 147 b 16 ) for the honour of, under the protection of, &c. tair lind dí giall di i. Connacht, LU 69 b 2 (cf. Laws v 308. 19 : fíach gill di inchaib). de i., FB § 13 . dit i., LU 66 b 38 . roléiccead ass d'ionchaibh a chomairgedh, AFM 1072. 14 . See 1 enech, ainech.

do láthair, de l. in presence of, before (both after verbs of motion and of rest) contains original do.

di léimim v. XLIV.

di marcaib v. XLIV.

di memur, do mebair by rote, by heart : gabáil ind tsailm de memur, Mon. Tall. 142. 24 . dobhí dḟebus a ṁebra gach a cluinedh tiar is tair dobíodh aige do mebair, SG 108. 7 . gan aonḟocal do ṁebair, ib. 280. 1 . atá in scriptúir do mebair lais, PH 2185 . ib. 4178 .

di glanmemur, do ghlanṁeabhair id. conách bi ní da gcluineadh gan a bheith do ghlainmeabhrae aige, MR 282. 11 (Stowe, not in YBL). dá mbeidheadh an bíobla go léir de ghlanṁeaṁair agat, De Imit. 2. 4 . ib. 112. 4 .

dia mess féin according to his own opinion Each. Iol. 25. 14 .

di miscais from hatred : dia m. ara máthair, Ériu iv 102. 6 .

di muin, glossed de chommairgi: robí (.i. romarb) Aed di muin Chormaic in ríg , Rawl. 122 a = LL 314 a 27 .

di muir by sea : ac indrudh Muman do muir ┐ do thír RC xviii 49. 24 . in comdortad darónsat a námait do muir ┐ do thír fair, CCath. 2675 . cach olc do muir is do thír tige fri Temrach, BColm. 102. 10 .

do nós ever : do n. mar is cóir dóib, Hy Fiach. 459. 1 ; ib. 458. 35 . ar thagid do n., KMMisc. 264. 13 .

d'oenaicned of one mind : d'aentáib ┐ d'aenláim ┐ d'aenaigned da bar ninnsaigid, MR 194. 14 .

d'oenbreith at one birth : doenbreith ructha Olom ┐ Conrí ZCP viii 332. 2 .

d'oenintinn of one mind, intent : dias dot sluagaib do beith da aeninntinn, RC xix 26 § 19 .

d'oenláim. See d'oenaicned.

d'oenméin with one accord : dorinneadar uile d'aoinṁéin, TSh.

d'oentóib together (after verbs of motion as well as of rest): is d'oentaib bátar ind fir se hi cend Ulad, SCC § 22 . do chuadar cum an catha dh'aentaeibh, Caithr. CC 25 .

d'oentoisc with special aim, deliberately, exclusively LL 90 b 25 . Laws iii 422. 5 ; v 336. 19 , 20 . TSh. 160. 2 ; 215. 16 ; v. toisc.

d'oenuaim of one report, all together , v. Dinneen 36 a .

d'oenurchor, v. XXXVII (f).

di ráith, do r., .i. ar son for the sake of O'C. is di r. dee dobeir dígail fort, Wb. 6 a 14 ; v. ráith.

do réir ( dit réir, ACL iii 313. 2 ) according to contains original do, v. 1 do.

di rogain, di rogu, with beirid = takes as a choice, chooses : ruc in mac ba sine a indmus do rogain, LB 158 b 6 . AFM 1640. 8 . Proverbs 22. 1 . a breith do (v.l. de) roghain TSh. 56. 25 .

di ṡeirc for love : cum benignitas apparuit saluatoris nostri .i. is do seirc móir dodechuid airitiu colno do Chríst, Wb. 31 d 2 . asbert...cid dia mbói fochond a galair. atá dit seirc seo ol Ailill, TE § 10 LU (belongs under XLV a). is dia ṡeirc conairlither a thol it is through love of Him that His will is cared for Ériu i 195. 2 .

diṡuidiu = didiu, q.v.

di thír by land . See di muir.

di thoisc, do thoisc on account of, owing to: ag caoineadh a amaráin féin do thoisg an trír chéadna, TSh. 60. 7 . gach saoth da dtig orra is do th. an ubhaill úd táinig, 92. 15 . bás...da ṡíol do th. a anuṁla sin, 93. 1 f.b. do th. an adhalt rannais, 151. 18 , &c. Tor. Dh. Oss. p. 194 .

di thraig on foot , cf. di choiss: doluid aṅgel Dé dia thraig ar chinn Baláim, SR 4785 .

d'urmór for the greater part: dochuartaighsiod fearann Chonaire ┐ dochreachsat durmór é, ML 22. 19 .

E DI OF THE SUBJECT-MATTER OF THOUGHT, FEELING OR ACTION : of, concerning, with regard to, in reference to, corresp. to Lat. de.—For the sense-development compare: is becc pridchimmeni di rúnaib Dée, Wb. 12 c 6 . atfét dún ní dona mórgaibfi rogaifis, Anecd. iii 53. 26 . co ninnisi tú ní dot madgnímradaib, &c.

LII

(a) In elliptical or incomplete sentences: de collectis autem quae fiunt in sanctos, .i. dinab gabálib, Wb. 13 d 33 . uaniloqui...maxime qui de circumcisione sunt, gl. de Iudeib ón that is of the Jews, 31 b 15 . mire sane uariauit hos uersus .i. cachla fers and di adhuath...in fers aile dí húaisletu, Ml. 40c16 . du gnímaib aní tuas du persannaib anísiu sís, 117 c 6 . ib. 89 d 12 . 102 d 9 . in finem .i. di laithiu brátha, 40 a 19 . Transl. Lat. de: Sg. 2 a 10 (donaib). 2 b 1 (dinaib). With the copula: is do (seldom di) is of, about : ní dond imdibu colnidiu lessom inso he is not here speaking of &c., Wb. 10 a 14 . is do diuchtrad corporum ┐ do chotlud corporum , 25 c 12 . náich do imdibu colnidu aní thuas, 10 a 15 . is do dóinacht maicc cachla focull ┐ dia deacht a naill, Ml. 24 d 30 . is dind oipred, 67 c 18 .—ceith dand erán ┐ den seildind imbe both as to the bread and, &c. Mon. Tall. 151. 25 . issed as chóir laisim...de bithbúr praindea, ib. 146. 28 . isí comairli is cóir dhe, ZCP viii 114. 8 . ni ba edh de thuathaib Dea it was not so with RC xii 92 § 122 .

(b) in subject-headings, titles of tales, chapters , &c. after Latin model: Cato de agna pascenda, gl. din dínit bed ṡástai, Sg. 39 b 11 . Nonio Marcello de doctorum indagine .i. dind eclim, 17 a 6 . De Chophur in da Muccide, LL 246 a 15 . de gabáil in tṡída inso sís, 245 b 12 f.b. do fallsigud Tána Bó Cúalṅge, 245 b 1 . de rígaib Muman inso, 320 a 15 . do Monur (leg. monur) epscop sunna, ACL iii 313. 1 ; 316. 15 , ZCP x 378 . do fedmannaib anmcharat...so, 318. 11 . de chórus cána in domnaich budesta, Anecd. iii 21. 1 . agso síos do ríoghaibh Éireann, Keat. iii 2. 1 .—Often at the end of a tale when the title is repeated.

(c) in the construction of many verbs, such as—

(α) speak, tell, preach, mention and the like. Lat. loqui, dicere, narrare de. Referring to Lat. dicere: cum dicit de osoribus suis .i. di náimtib, Ml. 16 d 5 . de suscepto homine dicta .i. di dóinacht Críst són, 17 a 11 . Sg. 3 b 27 . 66 a 6 . Lat. tractare: de speciebus...supra tractauimus, gl. di delbaib, Sg. 61 a 1 . praefari, Ml. 61 a 35 , 36 . sermo esse, 26 b 5 . inserere de, 75 b 20 , cf. 26 b 20 . After adfét, asindet, aisndís; di: a nadfiadar di Críst, Wb. 27 a 10 . ib. 5 c 16 (di thuiste dúile). innahi adfiadam di Christ, Ml. 93 d 14 . aisndis di duiniu, 131 a 12 . intan adcóidemmar di comparit, Sg. 43 a 6 . Ml. 65 a 1 . 115 d 9 . Cf. Sg. 103 a 1 . Tur. 40 . din (-nd, -nt), Ml. 14 d 10 . 40 b 8 . dinaib, 40 c 18 . de, 122 a 2 . Sg. 18 a 1 . 59 b 7 . diib, Ml. 145 c 7 , 8 . di, 42 b 7 . dia (n-), 40 b 8 . 54 a 20 . Sg. 197 a 6 . taidbsin dia nécid remaind, PH 6689 . do: aisndís du forgairib Dæ, Ml. 66 c 3 . ib. 14 b 12 . 14 d 3 . 24 d 30 . 42 b 18 . 110 c 5 . 125 a 11 . 126 b 1 . 137 d 2 .—do may be original in the sense `ascribe to' ( Ml. 72 d 9 ). asbeir di: amal bid di muir atberad, Ml. 62 c 2 . ib. 37 a 14 . dind, 21 c 3 . dinaib, Wb. 5 a 4 . dínni: ní don daum storidiu acht is dínni preceptórib ar is díin asrobrad a ndede so, 10 d 8 . diib, Sg. 29 b 16 . 73 b 8 . 203 b 6 . di 3 sg. f., Wb. 15 d 20 . Ml. 145 c 3 . dia n-, Wb. 13 c 12 . 21 d 4 . Ml. 14 d 13 . Sg. 66 b 10 . 71 a 17 . 208 a 7 . diar n-, Wb. 17 c 23 . is de atberthe in sírite de, SCC § 17 . cid arnapair in tapstal spirtalda díb, RC xxv 244 §§ 20 - 23 . issed asbered som de suidiu, Mon. Tall. 142. 19 . de bithúr, 136. 31 . PH p. 630 a . do: Ml. 26 a 8 . 45 a 9 . 51 d 25 . 133 a 10 . don, dund: asberar corp don dlúim máir sin, Wb. 9 d 5 . Ml. 17 b 23 . 37 b 19 . donaib, 37 b 24 . issed asbert do bithfúr, Mon. Tall. 134. 21 .—In the sense `ascribes to' do may be original ( Wb. 4 b 3 . 9 d 5 . Ml. 110 d 16 ). atá briathar: ní díib attáa briathar less it is not of them he speaks Wb. 13 a 16 . intí dia robe briathar linn, Sg. 197 b 12 . PH 2725 . 3148 . 4600 . 6189 . 6501 . 6698 . 6791 . cestnaigidir asks, inquires : cestnaigther do forcraid na foltni, RC xxv 240 § 12 . foraithmet mention of: f. ṅde, Ml. 61 b 12 . dia mbi f. riam, Sg. 197 b 18 . coná raibi acht mad f. bec di (viz. the Táin) in Érinn, ACL iii 4. 15 . gairthir di is called : goirther coin in diabuil díb, PH 7703 . Sabecdai do gairm díb, 6969 . Longínus goirther dím, 694 . dogairther di id.: conid de dogarar díndi Féne ó Fénius, Ériu iv 140. 23 . RC xxiv 184. 7 . BColm. 58. 3 . labraithir Lat. `loquitur': ní labrathar di féisne, Sg. 199 b 6 . de se loqui, gl. cétna persan di féisin, 199 b 10 . quando de ratione...loquimur, gl. de chaldigud, 181 a 9 . pridchid: is becc pridchimme ni di rúnaib Dé, Wb. 12 c 6 . rolá di: ní du choscrad in tempail rala som, Tur. 80 . ráidid: Góidil do rád dib, Thes. ii 316. 24 ; 317. 33 .

(β) sing of, write of. Lat. canere, scribere de. canaid: is di laithiu sabbait rocét in salm so, Ml. 57 d 13 . ib. 48 b 11 . 85 b 11 (referring to Lat. cecinit). Thes. ii 252. 14 . conid díbsin rochéad in seanchaid, RC xxiv 182. 15 . PH p. 630 a . gaibid: di: di thuasulgud in popuil...rogabad in salm so, Ml. 116 c 2 . ib. 16 a 10 . 35 a 8 . 35 a 10 . 44 b 1 . 48 d 27 . 133 b 1 . 139 a 8 , 10 , 11 . din, 44 b 1 . 48 d 28 . 112 c 11 . de, 16 a 10 . 24 d 26 . 44 b 1 . 48 d 27 , 28 . dia (n-), 35 b 24 . 44 b 1 . dimsa, 17 b 18 . díb, 35 a 8 . do: is de rogabad in salm so do dechur etir deacht ┐ dóinacht maicc, 24 d 26 . 24 d 29 . 45 d 7 . 133 b 2 . 139 a 6 , 9 . Referring to Lat. scríbere, Wb. 25 b 7 .

(γ) prophesy, prefigure; testify . do-airchain: is díimsa tairrchet, Wb. 7 a 2 . ib. 15 a 34 . 26 d 9 . desom, Ml. 38 c 9 . di thetacht in spirto...profetauit, Tur. 170 b 2 . amal roterchan in fáith de, PH 5115 . fiugraid: an rofiugrad di Críst, Wb. 15 a 34 . fáitsine: dia mbói oc fáitsine dia mac, PH 3436 . dobeir forcell: is de dobiur f. di neurt inna deserce, Wb. 16 c 4 . ib. 25 d 20 , 21 (díibsi), 25 d 20 . Ml. 22 d 19 . 24 d 14 . a forcell forrogelsam ni di laithiu brátho, Wb. 25 d 20 . dobeir teist (testas): do thabirt testassa dínn, Wb. 15 a 3 . ib. 15 a 6 . 15 d 8 a . 18 a 3 . 23 a 23 . 24 c 16 . 25 a 18 . 28 b 6 . 28 c 4 . 34 a 3 .

(δ) instruct, teach . Lat. docere de: do munud a dalti di cach gním, Wb. 24 d 10 .

(ε) discuss, dissertate . Lat. disserere, disputare de: etarcert di dúlib, Wb. 27 a 10 . di phecthib, 29 c 10.

(ζ) blaspheme : du écnduch di Dia, Ml. 72 b 5 (hardly for `do'; usually with gen. `écndach Dé').

(η) hear, think, remember, forget . Lat. audire, cognoscere, sentire de. cluinithir: issed rochualai Maolrúain la sruthi di dérgu ind tíri, Mon. Tall. 133. 19 . Cf. magna a patribus de tuis factis audiuimus .i. di neuch durigni siu du adamru, Ml. 63 c 5 . domoinethar: cáintoimtiu diib, Wb. 23 a 22 . náro taithmen Ísu do forcraid na foltne did not think of RC xxv 242. 16 . Referring to Lat. sentire, Ml. 15 b 4 . accipi de, ib. 17 d 11 . coná raibi acht mad cuimne di (viz. the Táin) i nÉrinn, ACL iii 4. 15 . cuimnigidir is mindful of: ní de fat na foltni .i. dia forcraid acht dia nárim nammá cumniges Ísu isin tṡoscélu, RC xxv 240 § 12 . ár ndermat ni diar sóirad, Ml. 96 a 13 .

(θ) care for, provide for, be confident about, fear for: dethiden: dethiden díbsi, Wb. 14 d 13 . dissi, 28 d 22 . diibsi, 26 d 19 . d. dinaib bochtaib, Ml. 129 c 3 . Cf. cia dethitiu i faili siu don bargin út, Ériu i 134. 3 . Later also with for. A cpd. with di (*di-aith-fedan). remcaisiu, remdéicsiu providence ; remidéci provides for: nád rabae r.-déicsiu Dé dimso, Ml. 59 a 48 . desom, 91 a 21 . díib, 90 b 17 . dia dúlib, 20 b 2 . remcaissiu Dé diib, 90 b 19 . 90 c 9 . diib som, 122 d 7 . dinni, 91 b 10 . dinaib dúlib, 20 c 3 . de, 50 d 1 .— nadmbed dliged remdéicsen Dé du dóinib sech remideci Dia dunaib anmandib amlabrib, 55 d 25 . essamnae: de protectione tua...fiducia, gl. ní núae dúnni ind esamnae so dit dítin siu this confidence concerning thy protection Ml. 110 d 12 . Cf. XXXII above.

(ι) uisio quae de obscuratione solis facta est, .i. din temul, Ml. 16 c 7 .

(κ) de Homine intelligendum est .i. di dóinacht maicc is immaircide, Ml. 25 d 17 . is din gním...is i. .i. du chésad Chríst, Ml. 113 d 3 . do of the person, Wb. 12 b 26 .

dodaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dodaing or dil.ie/17452

 

adj i hard, difficult, irksome, grievous: .i. docair, Lec. Gl. 269 . .i. doilig no docair, P. O'C. in d.¤ gl. dificulter, Ml. 61a21 . máso d.¤ lat co rochrete in mírbuil-sea if thou find it hard to believe, RC xxv 252 (LU). lais ba d.¤ (.i. ba doiligh), Leb. Gab.(i) 110 . cach ceist duilig d.¤ , LL 221a47 . gach conair dodhaing doimtheachta, AFM vi 2326 . cidh bé conair . . . do dodhaing (doghaing, v.l.) no do sodhaing, CCath. 639 . tír daingen d.¤ , 3802 . tre garb-acdaib doidngibh drislechaibh, 3417 . doille, buidhre, bacaighe | tugadh dó, fā dál dodhaing 'twas a hard lot, ZCP i 66 . gním truag d.¤ , SR 5319 . mōr dho gnīmradaib doidngibh duaibseachaibh, CCath. 4001 . dia ruc réim nd.¤ ar daig | co tuc mnái Conaill a perilous course, Metr. Dinds. iii 368 ( LL 158a22 ). Hard to deal with, stern, dour: Eccneach ba dodhaing d'óccaib, AFM 902 (i 562) . Guas cēili Cuain . . . a n-nuaill nir bo d.¤ not unbending in pride (?), LL 140a47 . fer dúrdha d.¤ doiligh, Ériu v 152 . In substantival use: in bhuide Chonaill . . . dogaing mhór d'feraib 's do mnaib a hardship, calamity, SG 21 . is andsom cach dodhaing dāib-si hardest of difficulties (straits), TBC-LL¹ 5673 (St.). forbrisi cach doding overcomes every obstacle, Mon. Tall. 162 . ni ḟetamar nach nd.¤ inti we know not of any difficulty (in swimming) in it, LL 250a20 ( TBFr. 200 ). robris Enna dā chath déc cen d.¤ (.i. cen selad), 45b51 . gan dodhaing (sic leg.) gan daoire, Arch. Hib. i 96 . gan doghaing, BCC § 50 , MR 146 . isin derb-bás Domnaill dúir | can tlás in cach dodoing déin, LL 33a7 . is mór doduing rodelaig, 138a35 . ní mó romothaigset . . . d.¤ a sinnsear nā a sār-aithrech 'ga sárugad, MR 238 .

Compar. doidngiu in cath i Cill Ua nD. andā cech d.¤ , Arch. Hib. ii 62 . ba doidngi do Hercuil don cur sin é innās don cur reimi it was harder for H. on this occasion, CCath. 2966 . conad docra ┐ conad doidngi, 803 . ba dodhaingiti (docraidi, v.l.) dóibh fulang in mōr-tarta it was the harder for them to bear, 2541 . Superl. bret[h] as doidngiu, ACL iii 303 .

do-tét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-tét or dil.ie/18490
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: taet, táet, taet, toet, táit, táit, dothéig, dotét, dotet, dutét, dothét, totét, tothét, dothéit, tothéit, totheit, do-théid, dotháet, dothaet, dothaed, totaét, tothaet, totaet, dotoet, dothoet, tothóet, dotaot, dotháod, do-n-aot, toaeth, dothaéti, doteiti, táet, taet, frisa-taet, tait, thaét, thaed, taét, dutiagat, tuthegot, dothiagat, doíagat-side, doíagat, dothaégat, tótháegat, dotiagat, rathaegat, ro-(ra-)thoegat, toegat, tuidchet, dadigthet, dothéged, dotheged, dotéiged, dotheiged, dotheided, dutéigtis, doteigtis, totegtis, dotheigdis, tāigtis, dotias, dotéis, dotes, totais, totaisiu, dothéi, doté, tái, tae, thaisid, dothaiset, taessat, dotaesad, totessed, taised, taesad, dothaistis, tocus-sa, thuidchis, thúdchaiss, tuidchis, do-d-decha, dodecha, dodadecha, dodeocha, tudaich, dodechsat, dodichset, dodigset, dodigsid, tuidchiset, ndigesta, dodichsed, tui[d]chesmais, do-n-dichsitis, doreg, to-rrach, torach, do-nd-riga, dorriga, dorega, terga, tirga, duregam, tergam-ni, d-a-regaid, tergaid, doregat, durigat, thergainn, -terced, doraga, doragha, targa, targai, targa, doragut, toragat, targaitt, targtha, doragad, dorachad, thargad, ttargadh, targtais, tairgtis, dolud-sa, dolod, dolot, doluid, dolluid, tolduid, dulluid, duluith, doluide, doluidi, dolluide, túlaid, tuluid, tulaid, contuilid, contuilid, tolid, tolaid, luid, dulodmar, dolodbair, dullotar, dolotar, doloddur, tollotar, dolotatar, tolotatar, tultatar, taltadar, dalotsam, dolluidset, dodechad, dodecad, dodechod-sa, tuidched, tuithched-sa, dodechad, tudchad-so, tuthcho, dodechuid, dodechaid, dodeachaid, dodeachaig, thuidchid, thuithchid, thudchid, tudc[h]ith, tauthchaid, thadhchaid, do-n-dechommar, dudechummar, dodechamar, dodechobair, tudchaibair, tuchubuir, du-n-dechutar, dodechadar, con-tuthchatar, ttudhchatar, tudhchator, dodeochad, dodeochad-sa, dodeochaid, dodeochabair, dodeochatar, s-, do-dechadus, dodeochadas-sa, dodheochadus, dotiagar, dutiagar, dotíagar, duthiasar, dothiastar, doraghtur, dodechas, cosa-tuidches, taetadh, dotaetadar, dotaetsatt, dotoetsat, thaethsadar, taetsat, theichseadar, dodechad, do-deachad, tisad, thudchadh, tudchad, tudchais, tudhchaidset, targus-[s]a, targa, dargamar, targa, doragad, dodloutar, dolotur-sa, dolluthir, tuidechta, tuidecht, do-tét, doluid, dodechaid, deisiul, túathbiul, taet, dotiagar

v (* to-tiag-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 645 . See also Ériu xii 227 ff .). Ipv. 2 s. taet, SR 5991 . 3 s. táet, TBC-I¹ 1339 LU; FB § 31 . taet, Thes. ii 359.4 . toet, BNnÉ 94 § 207 . táit, TBC-LL¹ 95 . 2 pl. táit, Ml. 34a1 ; Wb. 25c14 ; FB § 5 ; Imr. Brain ii 285.11 (toet, v.l.).

Indic. pres. 2 s. dothéig, TBC-I¹ 39 LU; Ériu i 116 § 4 . 3 s. dotét, Sg. 108a3 . dotet, 158a3 ; Ml. 22d9 , 53a8 ; TBC-I¹ 1040 YBL. dutét, Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 240.13 ); Ml. 22b1 . dothét (rel.), 46a7 . totét, Thes. ii 251.7 , 9 ; Fianaig. 38.4 . tothét, TBC-I¹ 1021 LU. dothéit, 311 LU. tothéit, BDD § 71 . totheit, TBC-I¹ 719 LU. do-théid, 576 . dotháet, BDD § 73 , 126 (common form in TBC2 LU). dothaet, SR 5963 . dothaed, TBC-I¹ 2359 . totaét, 1006 , 1245 (both LU); TE § 13 LU. tothaet, TBC-I¹ 1040 , 1248 , 1285 (all LU); BDD § 62 . totaet, Anecd. iv xi 16 . dotoet, Gild. Lor. 2 . dothoet, TBC-I¹ 289 , 531 , etc. (common form in YBL). tothóet, FB § 53 . dotaot, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes, 26.8 , cf. AFM iii 326.9 . dotháod, Mon. Tall. 127.15 (forms with diphth. áe, óe due to influence of prototonic forms; cf. also do-n-aot, Hugh Roe 300.11 . toaeth, Lib. Flav. i 26vb15 ). Rel. (in imitation of téite) dothaéti, TBC-I¹ 1577 LU = doteiti, YBL. ní táet , Sg. 159a3 . ní taet , 197a4 ; Thes. ii 253.7 . frisa-taet, Sg. 213a10 . ní tait , Ml. 109d5 . ní thaét , TBC-I¹ 208 LU = thaed, YBL. airm i taét , TBC-LL¹ 1583 . 3 pl. dutiagat, Ml. 45d12 , 103b16 , 111c9 . tuthegot (rel.), Cambr. 38b ( Thes. ii 247.17 ). dothiagat, FB § 53 . doíagat-side (dothiagadside, v.l. ), LU 4964 ( TBC-I² 532 , see note). doíagat ... do Cholptu (dothiagad, v.l.), LU 5380 ( TBC-I² 1017 ). dothaégat, FB § 20 ; BDD § 153 ; TBC-I¹ 198 LU. tótháegat, IT i 138.10 LU = dotiagat, Eg. Note also: rathaegat, TBC-LL¹ 5097 . ro-(ra-)thoegat, 4926 , 5120 . toegat, RC xii 424 § 7 .

Perfective pres. 3 s. ní tuidchet (sic leg.), AU 783 . o dadigthet , ZCP iii 454 n. 27 (v.l.).

Impf. 3 s. dothéged (rel.), TE 9 LU; Imr. Brain § 61 . dotheged, TBC-I¹ 165 LU. dotéiged, TE 11 LU. dotheiged, TBC-I¹ 2937 . dotheided, Ériu iii 142.229 . 3 pl. dutéigtis, Ml. 108b1 . doteigtis, Corm. Y 1233 = totegtis (?), LL 179b8 . dotheigdis, TBC-I¹ 3428 . co tāigtis , Ériu ii 100 § 4 .

Subj.

(a) Pres. 1 s. dotias, Wb. 1a7 . 2 s. dotéis, TBC-I¹ 1301 LU. dotes, Ériu viii 122.14 . totais, ZCP xiii 256.11 . totaisiu, TE 11 LU. 3 s. dothéi, Wb. 13a12 . doté, Ériu vii 241.8 . nád tái , Sg. 26b7 . ni tae , YBL 92b1 . 2 pl. ceni thaisid , Ml. 33b15 . 3 pl. dothaiset, FB § 87 . co taessat , LU 6785 ; BDD § 31 . Impf. 3 s. dotaesad, TBC-I¹ 2877 . totessed, LU 7133 ( BDD § 81 ). co taised , Ml. 121b1 ; TBC-I¹ 2909 . taesad, BB 378b17 . 3 pl. dothaistis, LU 6962 ( BDD § 60 ).

(b) Pres. 1 s. ? ni tocus-sa . RC xii 78.10 . 2 s. ní thuidchis , BDD § 16 = thúdchaiss, Eg. dia tuidchis , YBL 130a44 ( Anecd. i 8 ). 3 s. do-d-decha (dodecha, dodadecha, MSS.), Hy. v 81 ( Thes. ii 346 ). dodeocha, Ériu viii 122.17 . ar na tudaich , LU 9536 . 3 pl. dodechsat, O'Dav. 627 . dodichset, ZCP xiii 23.24 . dodigset, Fél. Ep. 24 . dodigsid, Laws iv 126.z Comm. dia tuidchiset , BDD § 131 (tuidchet, LU). Impf. 2 s. co ndigesta , Trip.² 276 . 3 s. dodichsed, Sg. 18a4 . -tudchissed, , Anecd. iii 58.2 . 1 pl. con tui[d]chesmais , Ml. 93b5 . 3 pl. resiu do-n-dichsitis , 104c5 .

Fut. 1 s. doreg, Wb. 7d15 ; SR 1279 . ? to-rrach, TBC-I¹ 1624 (torach, LU). 3 s. do-nd-riga, Wb. 25a38 . dorriga, 25b28 . dorega, Ml. 28a10 ; SR 3343 . ní terga , Wb. 17c4 ; TBC-I¹ 1241 . ni tirga , Ml. 121a17 . 1 pl. duregam, 80d10 . ni tergam-ni , 107d11 . 2 pl. d-a-regaid, Ml. 33b15 . ní tergaid , Trip.² 2150 . 3 pl. doregat, Ml. 61a13 , 111c14 . durigat, 106a4 . Condit. 1 s. ní thergainn , Trip.² 1200 . 3 s. ? -terced, Anecd. ii 18.17 . In later lang. with stem dorag-, targ-. 3 s. doraga, TBC-I¹ 2422 , Trip. 60.2 , etc. doragha, ZCP xiii 167.5 . targa, SR 3631 . ni targai (leg. targa?), AU 886 , cf. SR 4498 . 3 pl. doragut, PH 7054 . toragat, Moling § 50 . ? na targaitt , Leb. Gab.(i) 254 . Condit. 2 s. ni targtha , TBC-LL¹ 1803 , cf. 1883 . 3 s. doragad, FB § 8 . dorachad, Marco P. 142 . nī thargad , TBC-I¹ 336 = LU 4827 . co ttargadh , Leb. Gab.(i) 8.25 . 3 pl. na targtais , SR 6775 . ni tairgtis , ZCP viii 110.2 .

Pret. 1 s. dolud-sa, LU 1840 . 2 s. dolod, LU 10244 ( dolluidi-siu, 10241 ). dolot, TE § 5 Eg. ZCP iii 233 . 3 s. doluid, Tur. 131 , cf. Ml. 55c1 . SR freq. also dolluid. tolduid (= tolluid), Mon. Tall. § 67 . dulluid, Ardm. 18b1 . duluith, Thes. ii 291 . Rel. doluide, ZCP iv 45.23 . doluidi, xiii 6.18 . dolluide, Imr. Brain § 64 . co túlaid , Trip.² 706 . a tuluid , 895 . co tulaid , TBC-I¹ 3665 . ? contuilid, 2772 . ni contuilid , Mon. Tall. § 61 . nico tolid , § 60 . co tolaid , Anecd. i 10 . Cf. ua luid , BB 208a50 ( Todd Nenn. 182 ). 1 pl. dulodmar (dolotamar, v.l.), Imr. Brain i 48.6 . 2 pl. dolodbair, LU 1599 . 3 pl. dullotar, Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 240.17 , 24 ). dolotar (doll-), TBC-I¹ , CRR . doloddur, Mon. Tall. § 7 . tollotar, Ériu iii 136.32 . dolotatar, TBC-I¹ 2736 . tolotatar, RC xiii 223.50 . con tultatar , Ardm. 18b1 ( Thes. ii 240 ); Dinds. 112 ( RC xvi 63 ); Mon. Tall. § 60 . ni taltadar , Lec. 285a12 . Also occas. with s-forms: 1 pl. dalotsam, RC xiv 62 § 77 . 3 pl. dolluidset, Metr. Dinds. iii 156.9

Perf. 1 s. dodechad, TBC-I¹ 1611 , 1593 . dodecad, SR 1817 . dodechod-sa, Trip. 106.9 ; TBC-I¹ 2118 YBL. dia tuidched , Wb. 10a28 . i tuithched-sa , SG 317.16 . 2 s. dodechad, SR 3094 . dia tudchad-so , TBC-I¹ 458 YBL. canas tuthcho , RC x 224 § 15 . 3 s. dodechuid, Ml. 16c5 , 44b6 , 126b10 ; Sg. 199b1 . dodechaid, Imr. Brain ii 292.1 ; SR 1302 , etc.; TBC-I¹ 1241 YBL. dodeachaid, 3373 . dodeachaig, YBL 174a28 . ní thuidchid , LL 275b9 . ní thuithchid , 19a15 . ní thudchid , RC viii 150 § 2 (LL). conna tudc[h]ith , TBC-I¹ 1445 LU. ní tauthchaid , 1605 ; BDD § 66 (th.). ua thadhchaid , BB 39a31 , cf. Metr. Dinds. ii 34.94 . 1 pl. do-n-dechommar, Wb. 24c17 . dudechummar, Ml. 111b4 . dodechamar, SR 7965 . 2 pl. dodechobair, Trip.² 1114 . dia tudchaibair , FB § 66 . dia tuchubuir , IT iii 239.123 . 3 pl. du-n-dechutar, Ml. 111c14 . dodechadar, TBC-I¹ 3196 , 3362 . con-tuthchatar, LL 1790 . co ttudhchatar , AFM ii 692.4 . tudhchator (rel.), Leb. Gab.(i) 218 . Common with ¤eo- in first syll.: 1 s. dodeochad, SR 3097 . dodeochad-sa, Ériu ii 104 § 14 . 3 s. dodeochaid, SR 4170 , etc.; TBC-I¹ 3476 ; BDD §§ 156 , 157 , 166 . 2 pl. dodeochabair, Rawl. 142b8 . 3 pl. dodeochatar, SR 5450 , etc.; TBC-I¹ 153 LU; BDD § 83 . With s- ending: do-dechadus, Ériu i 134.7 . dodeochadas-sa, SG 256.25 . dodheochadus, BNnÉ 302 § 10 .

Pass. pres. s. dotiagar, Wb. 6a29 ; Thes. ii 292.19 . dutiagar, Ml. 101c6 , 7 , 116b5 . dotíagar, Trip.² 2313 . Subj. s. duthiasar. TBC-I¹ 1136 . dothiastar, Ériu vii 6.35 . Fut. doraghtur, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 15.27 . Perf. dodechas, Imr. Brain i 41.3 . cosa-tuidches, Sg. 199b1 .

In later lang. a number of new (artificial?) forms based on the various old stems appear.

(a) Ipv. 3 s. taetadh, Ériu i 114 § 1 . Pret. 3 pl. dotaetadar, Lib. Flav. i 26va49 . ? ma as dotaetsatt , Laws v 138.15 . dotoetsat na lega co Tadg, SG 326.3 . cor thaethsadar (taetsat, theichseadar, v.l.) rompo ina tor, Todd Nenn. 46 .

(b) Subj. impf. 3 s. amail dodechad , Fianaig. 66.13 . mar do do-deachad (sic), Lib. Flav. i 34ra2 = amal tisad , PH 844 . do thudchadh , Leb. Gab.(i) 72.17 . co tudchad , SG 233.35 . Pret. 2 s. ima tudchais , SG 256.19 . 3 pl. tudhchaidset, Leb. Gab.(i) 26.12 .

(c) Subj. pres. 1 s. co targus-[s]a , PH 624 . 3 s. no go targa , Lib. Flav. i 37ra44 . Pret. tara dargamar romhuinn, 35vb25 . Cf. also: ca tír as a targa hast thou (has it?) come, MR 72.10 . doragad used to come (go), Corm. Y 323 .

(d) Subj. pres. 1 s. cissi conair dodloutar (dolotur-sa, v.l.), Toch. Em. § 67 ( ZCP iii 250 ). Cf. also dolluthir (perh. pass.), LL 285a23 .

Vbl. of necess. tuidechta. Vn. tuidecht. IGT Verbs § 8 .

(a) comes , of motion towards the speaker, or person or place thought of. In Lat. Lives nearly always corresponds to venire; cf. Auraic. 141 : venite .i. tait (taoit, 2429 YBL). In later Mid.Ir. superseded by do-icc, which replaces it in later versions of early texts (e.g. TBC-LL¹ 95 , 1583 , 2706 St.), and somet. glosses it: dodeachaid .i. tainic, ACL iii 14 , 18 (gl. on Trip. 44 , 58 ). tudhchaid .i. tainicc; tudhchadar .i. tangadar, O'Cl. In earlier lang. used freq. in opposiion to 1 téit, and oft. in sense comes back, returns: intan tét a laithe . . . dotét iarum imthanu aidche, Ml. 21c3 . téit in banchorr isin fairrgi . . . co tóet cona heisínib essi, Triads 237 . can dodechad? cid notheig?, SR 3094 . can dodechamar ille . . .? cia dú cosatiagam de?, 7965 . i ndecimbir . . . luid Noe for tonnaib dilenn, i quint kalainn Mai . . . doluid for sleib Armenia, 2616 . forrogellsat . . . noragtis i tír nEgept, co brath na targtais dia tig, 6775 . is cet cia thái, cet cia théis, ZCP iii 37.18 . regat a leth día tuitched (tuithced, MS.), Ériu i 116 . cech leth naragdais, ni tairgtais demna, ZCP viii 110 . co lotar for beolu Mileadaig ┐ ní tudcadur iarsuidiu, Lec. 206a38 . tait as, taeit ind (said by doorkeeper to those who enter and leave), Corm. Y 860 . taet neach uaib ar mo chend-sa, TBC-I¹ 2140 . dutéigtis cucum intan nombíinn hi sóinmigi, Ml. 108b1 . in spirut nóeb chucunn . . . taet . . . co hopunn, Thes. ii 359 . nach fer doteiti chucaib, TBC-I¹ 1577 . táit limsa dom dísiurt, Imr. Brain ii 285 . cid formna fer nErend dothaistís latt, rosbíad failte, BDD § 60 . dolotar ar ceand loingse mac Milead . . . ni taltadar mnā leo, Lec. 285a12 ( Todd Nenn. lxxi ). forofāccaib Dia lind co ndig(s)esta-su do praicept do Gōidiulaib, Anecd. iii 31 = co tista-su, Trip. 444 . in tan doraga [Críst] do mess for beou ┐ marbu, PH 5011 . isbert, bá do chuingi Étáine doluidh, ZCP v 524 . roboi i[c] coitsecht frisin forcetul co tolaidh a máthair for a iarair, Lat. Lives 37 = Trip. 66 ( co toluid. túlaid, Trip.² 706 ). a tuluid Patraic for muir . . . do ascnam Erend, dotaet escop M. ina diaid, Trip.² 896 . tairpthech do ndechuid hastily had he come, 1515 . is bladach dodechadar, TBC-I¹ 3362 . is tailc donddechadar isin telaich, 3196 . is mor . . . a luas dothet, RC iii 183 . ní tergam-ni isin bethaid frecndairc iterum we shall not come back, Ml. 107d11 . resiu dondichsitis as in dōiri, 104c5 . doluid in biail arithissi ar chenn in[na] samthige, Tur. 131 . Cf. adbert A. frisna techtaire tudecht dia tich to return home, Mon. Tall. 162. In: ni terga for culu, Wb. 17c14 ; and: ná tait for culu, 25c14 , the idea of returning may account for use of do-tét. Of things: dothaegat lasrai teined asa mbēlaibh, Ériu ii 130 . co táet fuil flann fonn fo étnu, ACL iii 297 § 52 . ní thoet guth in son let not voice enter thy speech (of silent prayer), RC xv 491 , cf. Thes. ii 253.7 ( Stowe M. 65a ). creit do Dia . . . ar na tudaich tond talman torut, LU 9536 . ni thaudchaid nél dar gréin, BDD § 66 . doragha duit ceó dar a rosgcaib, BColm. 92 . Of time: ō doraga aimser lobtha, Laws i 108 Comm. immon samfuin dothaet next Hallowe'en, RC x 220 § 8 . oidqi hSamnoi dotaet, 224 . in ráithe dothét foir .i. samrad the season following, ZCP viii 175 .

(b) Fig. of mental and abstract relations: ní tait Dia fo tairṅgere cometh not under a promise (i.e. goes back on?), Ml. 109d5 . dotiagat for cairddi `they come under the interterritorial regulations', Laws iv 322 . cēn roba beō, ni tauthchaid a brū for cōir his stomach never came right, TBC-I¹ 1605 . ní berat fír brithemnachta etir in n-áis dutiagat inna reir who submit themselves to them, Ml. 103b16 . ní ba cor cia dodichset nadhmann ┐ ratha inn should enter into it, ZCP viii 23 . dollotar i n-armgrith fell into a panic, TBC-I¹ 1784 . comhainm in laithe dodeachaidh a seilbh na hespogōide came into possession of, Fl. Earls 100 . fobíth aurthig na nóeb dodeochaid etorro the covenant . . . which had passed between them, ZCP viii 316 . ní thargom tar a n-ordugud, Ériu iv 152 . With adj. as complement: saor ó a dteangthaibh ní tharghais you will not come off unscathed, Content. vii 9 .

(c) comes, ensues, takes place; appears, arises (of persons, consequences, events): sona dotaet a loan happiness comes out of fat, Ériu vii 240 . dothet imbas iar mbuais inspiration comes after (follows) knowledge of the art, Corm. Y 148 . a ndomnach doraga in brāth, Ériu iii 144 . ní ḟeadadar-sain cuin doraghadh an diliu, BB 22a32 . is é ní dia targha in sīth suthain, Aen. 2756 . tudcatar airdheana aighthidhe adhuathmhara, AFM i 370 . ? Felix ba mad tuluid, Fél. July 12 . ni targa a tir Maine ōglach bud fearr, ZCP viii 229 . is é doragha re ré | macámh Mhuighi Muirtheimhne who will come in his (due) time, xiii 167 . ní tháinic i nÉrinn . . . ┐ ni tharga . . . díoghail amhlaidh, AFM ii 734 . gabsat sé ríg . . . for hErind ó Ollom ain . . . ní thuithchid nech eturru six kings reigned in unbroken succession, LL 2361 . rige duit . . . ┐ dot sil it degaid | cen tudecht etrut without any other line breaking thy succession (`without quarrelling'), RC xx 142 .

(d) Various uses with prepp. With AR is (goes) surety for: dodeochaid aurthach Bréndain ar Chiarraigiu, ZCP viii 315 . doté(i)t aitire ar fer feras in fuil an `a.'goes surety for, Críth G. 52 . hits upon, contrives: dús cinnas doragad ar imchossáit Ulad, FB § 8 . cinnas doragad ar imchossait na mban, § 16 . amal doragad airi, § 17 . With AS comes off, escapes: conná tudchith nech dib i mbethaid ass, TBC-I¹ 1445 . With DE comes from, arises or develops out of: dotoet torcc mór do orccan, Trip. 468 . ní thaét mo dingbailse dib-so they are not (will not prove) my match, TBC-LL¹ 1123 . anda lim . . . dorraga ní don macsin something will come of that lad, Mon. Tall. § 61 . dothoet oinmit de-seom he is proving himself a fool, Ériu v 28.y . delb in Chruimm d'ór dodechaid was made of gold, Imr. Brain ii 303 . With DO comes to, accrues to: amal dundechutar doinmecha dúnni . . . doregat dano soinmecha dun, Ml. 111c14 . indmas domuin dotrega thou shalt have, SR 3343 . ní taurga ndam báa nde, Anecd. i 42 . dodheachaidh maith dhamhsa dhe, BS 6 . With FOR touches on, mentions: is form féin doreg, Wb. 7d15 . ní for torbe n-imdibi doteit, 2a3 . for riaguil do buith isnaib anmanaib-se dotét híc he touches on the fact that there is a rule, Sg. 108a3 . ní fail ní nád tái mo dligeth-sa fair, 26b7 . dothiasar fair ma atchoise neach duib it will be a subject of conversation if anyone tells (leg. atchói or atchoised?) it to you (?), TBC-I¹ 1136 . comes or falls on, happens to (in good or bad sense): tolduid taurtaim fair a trance fell upon him, Mon. Tall. § 67 . dorega pain forru . . . .i. doberthar pian forru, Ml. 28a10 . co tudchid rath De fair, Ériu v 34 . doraga ferg Dé fort mullach, Trip. 60 = it m., Trip.² 617 . fonascair fair can tudecht forsin slog not to attack, TBC-I¹ 1477 . Cf. ni mait[h]em n-anacail ┐ ni trocaire rodechad (rodécad, v.l.) forra no mercy was shown to them, CCath. 5767 . do-thæt ind enlaith deiginach fair 'the last flock takes it up', TBith.² 193 § 73 . With FRI goes with, applies to, is incident to: fri `finxit' fochetoir dotet á `singulatim' the `singulatim' is construed with `finxit', Ml. 53a8 . ni taét comsuidigud fri rangabáil composition does not occur with a participle, Sg. 159a3 , cf. 158a3 , 4 , 197a4 , 213a10 . cisse comairce dotaot frim? what is my safeguard? Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 26 . ata naidm dogní gnim raithe; naidm son dothe fri giallu, ZCP xiii 24 . Cf. don fechemuin fris-taig the party against whom thou art guarantor (?), Bürgschaft 28 § 76 (cf. fris-tēt, 24 § 67 ; leg. ¤taít with v.l.?). Opposes: ri side as amram tic Erind co tudchaid fri Ruadhan, YBL 136a18 . ní tuidecht frit' forngaire, SR 3798 . ? Cf. Laws iv 32 Comm. : can ēlod do lēcod im a cáindliged .i. apaid nā troisci ce dodechaid fris `though he was fairly met (by an offer of arbitration)'. turns to, takes up, practises (with RE): dalluid Find ra héicsi n-aird, Fianaig. 46 . ar dūthchus a māthar dodhechaidh sidhe re héiccsi (of the poet Fland mac Lonáin), ZCP viii 110 .

(e) Oft. used of indef. motion and in Mid. Ir. freq. in meaning goes (motion from place or pers. thought of); this is esp. common in later texts with the pret. forms doluid and dodechaid, do- being looked on as sign of past tense: tait-si round ┐ ragsa far ndiaid go on and I will follow, TBC-I¹ 992 . táet nech uan d' ḟarcsi maige M., 5144 . cia doragad risin tectairect sin? who would go on that message? CRR 8 . ind deichmaid uathaid escai . . . doluid Nae andsan airc . . . et i sechtmaid fichit sa mis cetna . . . dodeachaid aiste, Lec. 542b25 . conā feis cia dū dodechaid whither she had gone, Mór M. 262 . dodheachaidh G. do sheilg . . . ┐ ba sí conair dochuaidh, BS 44 . Often with REME, etc. goes on, advances: dothaod roimhi ina rēim roretha, BS 4 . doluidh roime ar amus a thíre, 122 .

(f) Rarely trans.: occas. with cogn. or instrum. accus.: a ndorigne do ḟertaib ni fail dune doddecha (dodecha, dodadecha, MSS.) there is none who can tell (lit. come to, attain it), Hy. v 81 (with gloss .i. doene a tiachtain; see note Thes. 80 ). Cf. also: ceni thaisid ar ois, daregaid ar ecin, Ml. 33b15 (with infd. neut. pron.). is tailc donddechadar isin telaich, TBC-I¹ 3196 . issnib colnidib tuthegot duguthrigi (leg. dagathrigi) who come to good repentance, Cambr. 38b . tothaet meis fóaimsera `judgment goes with good times', BDD § 28 (but cf. O'Cl. : dothaod meas fó aimsera .i. téid an breitheamhnas ris an aimsear). ni thargai (leg. targa?) Temru turu . . . fer fo Mael to Tara's towers there will not come, AU 836 = ní targa i tTeamhraigh tura, AFM i 536 . is lá cach(a) tíre do-tét dlega(i)r aire `a day for every parcel of land to which it comes' (of water), Ériu xvii 70 § 10 ( Laws iv 214 ). dodeochad-sa (dodechas, dodeochusae, MSS.) aiccept I have come to a lesson, Ériu v 32 . din tuidecht dundechuid Crist hi tech inna sacard the coming wherewith C. came, Ml. 44b1 . cach conair dolluid in ben, Metr. Dinds. iii 30 . ní tharga in chonair chōir, RC xi 42 . dodeochaid huide fata, SR 5697 . dodeochatár a cétna n-ude (sic leg.) a Cruachnaib, TBC-I¹ 153 . dodechotar sel mór, ZCP ix 191 . targa fortacht De for tóir will come to your succour, SR 3631 . In the follg. the orig. form of the noun may be d s. deisiul, túathbiul: ní thuidchis deaseal Temrach, BDD § 16 . dothē desell in brogo, ZCP iii 214 . totaed deissiul Sencan, Anecd. iv p. xi . mad tuaithbel dodeocha, Ériu viii 122 .

(g) In impers. constructions. Act. with DO of pers.: taet as itir lāe ┐ aidche dūn chena, ol A., co rīsem Cuailgne let us set out (ipv. 3 s.?), TBC-I¹ 829 . condocorostor asin (leg. isin) loch . . . co tulaid dō ass co luan came out of it, 3664 . Note also: dot-luid i mbernai armo chenn-sa, ScM. 13 (see note). See Celtica ii 216 and cf. tánic de . . . coa maí fessin, LU 3267 ( SCC § 6 ). Pass. denúas dotiagar hisa tech . . . sis . . . dotiagar ass the house is entered from above, Thes. ii 292 . iar ngrad cháich dutiagar leu du failti fris[i]n ríg they come to welcome, Ml. 116b5 . dotíagar uad do chuinchid ind ḟíacla he sends messengers to seek, Trip.² 2313 . dotiagar ōn rīg dia n-agallaim, RC xxiv 144 . dodechas ó Áedán co Fiachnae ara tísed dia chobair, Imr. Brain i 41 . dodechas ō Maine cuice do cuingidh na muice, Dinds. 112 ( RC xvi 63 ). In O.Ir. glosses with FO is construed as: cid fo gním cid fo chésath dotiagar it is construed both actively and passively, Wb. 6a29 . is fo forṅgartaid . . . dutiagar á manifestare the (word) m. is construed as an imperative, Ml. 101c6 . is fo foxlaid dutiagtar they are construed ablatively, 106c3 .

éc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éc or dil.ie/19360
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: éagad

n m. (orig., plurale tantum, u, n. Hermathena xcix 52 , cf. Bethu Brigte 57 ) death: ed (he v.l.) roglúais in ingin sair | éc a hathar, Metr. Dinds. iv 216 . ba ferr leiss éc andá bethu IT i 126.12 . eccla ēcca, ACL iii 216 . ingnais éca, Metr. Dinds. iv 284 . airrdena ega, TTebe 4541 . urchóid an éaga, TSh. 748 . galar éaga mortal sickness 5209 . gut ec until thy death TBC-LL¹ 4074 . oc éc when dying PH 231 . Iollann...d'écc, AFM 506 . Oilill...do écc, 526 ; 1265 . iar n-éc a muntire (from an earthquake) PH 550 . iar n-éag dóibh, TSh. 453 . re hucht éagtha dhóibh (as if nom. éagad), TSh. 7795 . m'eg-sa dod gradh, Aen. 796 . ag éag leis an ngrádh, Dánta Gr. 9.3 . is missi conairgeba bás ┐ éc ┐ aided forro, TBC-LL¹ 4271 . sochaidhe do chuir i n-eg, Fen. 144 . tucsat éc meic ríg Muman `they did to death the king of M.'s son' Metr. Dinds. iv 220 . éag san bpeacadh, TSh. 1366 . Esp. a natural death, opp. to aided violent death :cf. oididh Muircertaigh na modh | guin is batud is loscud,—eg adbathadar i bhus | a meic Domnall is Forgus, BB 48b27 (= MacCarthy 398 ). Domnall mac Aeda...xxx. bl. ┐ d'eg adbath, 49a9 (= MacCarthy 400 ). gidh éag tháir mé gidh marbhadh, Dán Dé xxiv 21 . gan neach don dá dhuine dhéag | ma seach uile d'éag acht Eoin... doróine éag do dheoin Dé died according to God's will (of the Apostle John) xxvi 51 - 52 . gan eg do banoigid without death in childbed Lec. 126b4 . Cf. Creamthand. xx. bl.... munbadh eg a oidhig sin | doiligh fa ced a cloisten, BB 61a35 . éc fri hadart a natural death, a peaceful passing: angid [Altus Prosator] ar cech mbas acht éc fri adart, Lib. Hymn. i 65 . Freq. in pl.: lúathécai .i. anaichnide, Thes. ii 352.26 . ? da-n-arsitis ec, Bethu Brigte 408 . g p. conda-rucus dochom n-ec IT i 222 . fir...co ndath éc, Trip. 116 with gl: .i. dath báis 676 (cf. duibidir éc, Corm. Y p. 91 , cited below). tancatar a chét-éca chuci premonitory symptoms of death LB 143a30 . d p. ba moo Aodh Oiligh egaibh greater than (other) deaths (i.e. A.'s death was more grievous) AFM 876 . becc ná bu mó écaib it was almost greater (i.e. more grievous) than (all other) Fél. Nov. 10 . pian na hanma thall iar n-écaib, PH 7565 . Used of an individual death: iar n-écaib Saul, Ml. 42a6 . SR 7077 . 7675 . AFM 493 . iar n-ecaib nOengusa, Anecd. iii 60.14 . rée mór ria necaib before his death Mon. Tall. § 34 . in tan ro ngab céill for écaib when he thought he was going to die LU 130a3 = IT i 122.23 . As quasi-vn.: ba saeth mor la Dectiri a dalta do ecib, IT i 138.28 . BB 421b5 . D. do ecaib i nArd Macha, AU 988 . cen mná d'écaib de banaidid, Dinds. 161 = LL 20b . nir ba maisi leo nech do ecaib fri hadart acaib, D IV 2, 73 [63]vb 24 .

teit éc (do éc, do écaib) dies, perishes: dochoid N. éc de thám, LL 127a16 . Metr. Dinds. iv 266.15 . co ndechaidh eg, MacCarthy 420.12 . Acall. 3333 . MacCongl. 27.7 . in tan rachar d' ég, Ériu iv 17 . nā tiagam d'éccaib gortæ ZCP viii 313.3 . co ndechaid do écaib, Acall. 577n. teicht do écaib, Thes. ii 296 . daul do ecaib, Mon. Tall. § 51 . ag dul d' éag don ghrádh, Dánta Gr. 9.9 . a bhruit dhatha, a ḟailghe óir,...do-chuaidh uile d'eug, KMMisc. 362 . fo-gaib éc id.: truag nach ann fuarus éc, Acall. 3374 . Cf. diamadh a n-oirer an domuin mhoir doneatha-sa ecc if...thou hadst met thy death ZCP x 297.19 .

Fig.: slúag Banba fo bét mon mbress | diarb adba éc is úarchess, Metr. Dinds. iii 370.54 . éc rosfuc death took them iv 320.20 . coron-ergab éc opund, LL 184b31 . duibidir éc ...rind a fiaclae, Corm. Y p. 91.18 (cf. fir co ndath ēc, Trip. 116 , cited above). ni huaim téit éc dian deimin | acht triall for sét dom ṡaigid, ACL iii 216 § 9 . mithigh oirchill an éaga | duine dhínn ní dheirméada, Dán Dé v 7 . dáil n-éco, Fianaig. 10 § 3 (see note p. 18). do-chúaid dáil éca ḟuair, Metr. Dinds. iv 2.22 . deog a topur éca it-ib | i cath Oetna ..., LL 184b35 . ro tuit C. risin tulaig co tancadar deocha dian-éca da indsaigid (i.e. he became weak), Acall. 6601 n. Cf. éca amar apparently = amar éca dirge (?) gl. on Hy vi 12 , Thes. ii 352 (see amar, Contribb.). COMPDS.: ¤baíth: uas rind ind échta éc-baith the deadly foolish deed Metr. Dinds. iii 104.14 . ¤bethu: a purt bhfind na hēg-bethad of the life after death (?) ACL iii 235 . ¤dál: ó doluid issin éc-dáil the tryst with death Metr. Dinds. iii 214.50 . ¤dube: delfid ecdubi, TFerbe 194 . ¤náma deadly enemy (?): bidbaig no ecnámait, BDD 47 § 57 (Eg.) . ¤plāig `destructive plague ' Laws i 20.17 Comm.

fíacail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fíacail or dil.ie/21870

 

Forms: fíacal, ḟiacail, ḟíacla, fiaclu, fíaclai, —ḟiacli, fiaclae, fiaclai, fiaccail

n i, m. and f. (but g p. fíacal, LU 7287 ). n s. ind ḟiacail , Trip.². 2314 (but g s. ind ḟíacla ib. = na fiaclu , Lism. L. 473 ). is hē fiacail dian duit rí, Fianaig. 36.16 . n p. fíaclai, LU 4518 . a p. —ḟiacli, Thes. ii 255.18 . g p. inna fiaclae , Ml. 54d22 . fiaclai BDD 94 Y (fíacal U). (fíacal) IGT, Decl. § 10 .

A tooth; a tusk: hua détnaig a fiaclae fri alailiu (gl. attritu dentium) Ml. 56d4 . dona fiaclaib (gl. dentibus), Gild. Lor. 126 . In Corm. Y 613 and O'Mulc. 507 derived fr. Lat. figere (i.e. a mouth-fixture). indala f.¤ airthir a chinn one of the front teeth Thes. ii 248.9 . fo culḟiacli under the back teeth 255.18 . cláir-ḟ.¤ incisor; f.¤ fostóigh canine tooth: atait tri gneithe dona fiaclaib .i. clair .f. le ndentur gerradh ... et cainine re n-abur fostogh. et molares , YBL 343b18 . a dho fo dhó .f. fostoigh ib. 26 . mó a clarḟiacail anda fianchlár fidchille (of an unsightly hag) LL 210a56 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 138 ). a clarḟiacla uachtair ┐ a culfiacla ichtair, LB 154a52 . co tuc tri cláirfīacla asa charpat uachtarach, Acall. 1352 . fiacail airisi .i. in tres f.¤ iartharach don mil mór back-tooth O'Dav. 938 . tri luirg fíacal (fiaclai v.l.) rows of teeth BDD 94 . beoil ┐ sróna cáich díb i ndétaib ┐ i fiaclaib a cheile (of fighters) TBC-LL¹ 4524 . fil anmann ... ann ... dí fhiacuil in cech dhēd two teeth in each jaw (?) Marco P. 43 (`tusk' Stokes). atchonncadur in mucc ... ┐ .ix. fiacla asa carbut uachtarach ┐ náe fiacla assa carpat ichtarach, Acall. 2225 (`tusks', SG ii 158 ). [in mucc] ┐ a fíacla faidi fírgráinemla don tóeb [a] muigh da mórchend, Fianaig. 64.15 . in torc ... cusna fiaclaib bir-athi `spiking teeth' (tusks ?) Laws v 444 . fiacail nimhe ... tuirc, Oss. iii 198.21 . dia rodáil dó [sc. Samson] Dia dig ... asind fíaccail, SR 5360 (A peruit Dominus molarem dentem in maxilla asini, Judic. xv 19 ). Transf. a spike: sondach umhuidhi ... ┐ līn ... ar scarad ara fiacluib sechtair RC xiv 46.14 . fiacla cirí, IT iii 101.5 (= fiachail círe, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 70 ; teeth of a comb, see Contribb s.v. cír). mathghamhain ... trí cíora fiacal 'na chionn, TSh. 1025 . In: cōic cēt fiaccail cech oenchind, SR 886 it may be collect. `five hundred (in) the set of teeth of each head'; or n s. for g p. after cét.

Compd. ¤chorrān tooth-sickle: of a belt-buckle: fiacal-corrana ... creduma isin dara cind de, stuagluba dar braighdibh na corrán sin isin cinn araill sharp (?) hooks CCath. 5234 .

fían

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fían or dil.ie/21945
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: fian, féne, ḟéinne, Fianghal, Fianghail, —uil, Fiangaile, Fiangaile, fíangalach, Fiangalaich, fian

n ā, f. By Zimmer ( ZDA 1891, 1 ff .) derived from ON fiandi `enemy' (see RC xii 295 ; 405 ); by D'A. de Jubainville, RC xxviii 249 , and Thurneysen, ZCP xv 262 , connected with the people-name Féni; by Loth, RC xiii 507 , with `fine.' Acc. to Meyer, Fianaig. vi ff . it is from an abstr. meaning ` driving, pursuing, hunting ,' which has in Irish taken a concrete meaning and denotes `a band of warriors on the warpath .' Compare the mediaeval etymologists: fianna a venatione .i. on tseilg dognidis isberthi fianna friu; no fianna .i. finedha, ar is ina finib ┐ ina n-aicmibh nobidis ... no fianna .i. feinnedha rígh Erenn iat, Cóir Anm. 222 . Connected by Wagner, Celtica xi 265 , to fén. The people-name Féni is sometimes liable to be confused with the gen. of fian from which it is not always clearly distinguishable, e.g. airiseom óc féne, LU 5089 . Cf. bearla na feinei `the fians Irish' Eg. Gl. 522 . Archaic n p. féna for Fid, The Patrician Texts in the Book of Armagh 176.1 , Peritia iii 316 .

(a) a band of roving men whose principal occupations were hunting and war, also a troop of professional fighting-men under a leader. In later application esp. the warrior-bands under Finn son of Cumall, who are described as constituting a military caste: is e ropa thaiseach teglaig ┐ ropa cheand deorad ┐ amhus ┐ cech ceithirne ar chena la Cormac Find mac Cumaill, conad friusin atberat in daescarsluag `fianna Find', YBL 325a10 ff . ro hindarbad Finn ... ┐ ro sgaraid na fiano fris. ar ba hiad-sein cetherna ┐ teglach in rig Cormaic. Is de ad-bertaei fíana friu, ar ba siad fenidi ┐ milid in ri īad, Tochm. Ailbe 1 . See Fianaig. ix ff ., Keat. ii p. 324 ff . Traditions of Finn and his fianna are abundant in Irish and Scottish folklore. In Keating's time cromlechs were called by the people leapthacha na Féine `the beds of the Fian'. In Metr. Dinds. iii 280.49 : bátar fo diamair ... ic fiannaib, ic fomurib (of the chief roads of Ireland), and Cog. 114.28 : i folach fo thalmain inā fá dhiamhraibh díchealta ag fianaibh no ag sithcuiraibh, the fíana appear as belonging to a remote past and coupled with semi-mythological beings. Cf. opening pp. of Acall., where Finn's fíana are pictured as giants of other days. fian .i. ceithearn, Stowe Gl. 406 . Lec. Gl. M 114 . cona fein húathmair (of David's followers) SR 6283 . cona féin, cona fairaind [ = foirind], 6356 . nech dabur feind ná dabur foirind, Acall. 5142 . for formnu féne Forainn (of Pharaoh's host) SR 3992 . iugulavit me fian maicc Maicc Con, Ardm. 14a2 ( Thes. ii 267.38 . Trip. 324 ). arna guin do fianaib Maic Con, Corm. Y 883 . Fiachra Fobrecc fein co ngairg `with a fierce band of warriors' Hail Brigit § 13 ( LL 49b45 ). Find cona fein, Corm. Y 1018 (feind, Bodl.). docer la féin Cind tíre; la féin Luagne aided Find, RC xxiii 310 § 29 . fianna Find ... brecctais rinne | ... fianna Fothaid Canainne, ZCP viii 119 § 35 ( Rawl. 88b ). Find mac Cumaill ... in cētFinn ro tinoil fiana ar tús i nErinn, LL 379a38 . eter ḟiannaib fer nAlban, 261b3 . fíanna fer nÉrend ┐ Alban, BDD 144 (of reavers). fianna Eirenn, Acall. 5284 . fianna feochra, TBC-LL¹ 5683 . comérgid ... a fianna; arise, warriors (leader addressing a band of reavers) BDD 141 . mesir fiana iarna ngaluibh estimate warriors by their fighting (or valor) Ériu xiii 41.33 ( O'Dav. 1037 ). as mo thigh ro gab [Oisin] feind ┐ foirind (= took command of a company, became leader of a `fían ') Acall. 2467 . Finn's followers as a military caste are distinguished from the agricultural class, the settled population: doronad crandchar idir in bhFéinn ┐ aes na treabaire cia dhíbh da roised tūs do thabairt an chatha dona hallmharchaib, Acall. 1290 (`between the Fianna and the settled [i.e. non-nomadic] folk lots were cast' SG ii 132 ). Buanand mumi na fian ... i. daghmathair ac foircetal gaiscid do fianuib, Corm. Y 104 . fiana bātar i nEmain, | ir-Rāith Chruachan, i Temair, RC xxiii 304 § 1 (beginning an account of the deaths of famous champions). Temair Berg, baile na fían, Ériu iv 92.2 . se fichet findscél na fiann, LL 145a49 . for ḟíana rochalma ḟer nÉorpa, TTr.² 1691 . fiana ferrdha ... Franc, CCath. 5363 . d'ḟianaibh Fódla, d'amhsain Ile, TD 16.55 . fian Ghréagach `the soldiery of Greece' (i.e. the Fitzgeralds) 17.10 . see fénnid and fíanas. Here possibly belongs óc féne one of a roving band, a `fian'-warrior (?): g p. airiseom óc féne a resting place of fian-warriors LU 5089 . n p. inn óic ḟéinne , TBC-LL¹ 4950 .

(b) in wider sense a company, number of persons: rioghraid Laighen ... f.¤ mholuim, LL 394.1 . deich mic oile anba an ḟian ib. 4 . rī tarcai cech fēin, SR 7163 . fian sceith (sciath v.l.) shield-bearers (?) Ériu vi 135.45 . foḟuair féin fessaig findgil | im Chessair ingin Betha, LL 5b5 . Of pieces in a game, chessmen: imat fian fidhcelda, Anecd. ii 58.13 (cf. fíanchlár below). mar ḟéin na mbranán TD ii 199.1 .

(c) a warrior (late and rare): righḟeinnidh, f.¤ `a General ' Kirk = Eg. Gl. 523 . sir Sémus ... an fiann, O'Gr. Cat. (1700) 584.28 .

In BColm. 94.8 : a fían a saert[h]a ar cach cath; Plummer suggests reading fiach = in payment of their exemption from military service, making the preceding sent. (ar is ... ann) parenthetical.

Compds. ¤bla: fri f. fechta ` warrior-shout of fighting' (? field of fight) Leb. Gab.(i) i 68 = fri fianna fecta, LL 6a6 = re fiannaib fearta, BB 24b46 . ¤both a hunting-bothy . a hut of branches or similar construction in a forest or wild spot, an improvised shelter: fogeib in fianboith ┐ in mac ina codlad innti, RC v 199.3 . rosfuc leis dochum na fianboithi, ib. 13 . d'iarraid ḟianbothe, RC vii 296.96 ( LL 206b49 ). dognitis fianbotha folachta foslongpuirt acci i ndairib, Cog. 60.10 . i ffianboith folachtae i ccuas cairrgi, AFM v 1794.1 . tógaibh fian-bhoith fíréandachta do chumhdach do choguais, TSh. 2304 . Cf. ro ghabhsat longport fairsing fianbhothaigh an encampment of huts (?) AFM vi 2168.11 . See 2 fulacht. ¤chara a comrade in arms; `a mutual friend, one who protects and is protected' O'Don. Suppl. , from Eg. 88 f. 54d ( O'Curry 2639 ) : dot fiancarait .i. fear snāidhes ┐ sṅāidithar fear aile i n adhaigh [ = ina aghaidh ?] ┐ amail carait claochmoig iat ó dénait comairce a céile (cf. compact between Cú Chulainn and Conall Cernach : ciped chia dib nomarbtha ar tús a digail dia cheiliu, LL 122a8 ). nimrumart-sa mo f. Cú Chulainn, LL 125b10 ( Ériu v 210.60 , where the speaker is a woman). ¤chlár a board for (chess-)men: mó a clārḟiacail ... anda f. fidchille, LL 210a56 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 138 ). ¤chluiche (para)military game ( Celtica viii 151 ): In Laws v 150.11 ff . a distinction is made between `fian-chluichi' and `ruidles-chluichi,' the latter being apparently games proper for children. nocha uil ruidhles cluithi do codhnacha ┐ nochan uil col cluithi do macaib bega. Ruidhles cluithi na mac mbec is fiancluithi do codhnacha ┐ f. c. na mac mbec is col cluithi do codhnacha, Eg. 88 f. 28c ( O'Curry 2368 ). slán d'fir in eich na huile neiche ... acht a riagail re fiancluichi in codnaig uil uirre, Laws iii 182.1 (on injuries caused by a steed). fiach fianchluichi a fine for f.c. 192 20 Comm . (referring to a dog-fight) ; 250.27 ; 252.4 (ref. to boating mishaps, where it is transld. `foul-play'). ¤choscur hunting-slaughter, killing game: a foraim, a fomsigi, a fíanchoscur (accomplishments of Cú Chulainn) LU 4847 . 8453 ( FB 30 ). tairnic leo a bhfiadach ┐ a bhfianchoscar do dhénam, Acall. 187 . selg ┐ ḟíanchosgur, Fianaig. 54.26 . ac seilg ┐ ac fianchoṡcur 56.24 . ag fiadach ┐ ag fianchosgur, ZCP vi 38.13 . comus ḟiadaig ┐ ḟiannchoscair Fiann Eirenn, Acall 5281 . ¤deisel ? fochloch f. (text doubtful) ZCP v 499 § 7 . ¤ēirghe rising of warriors to battle ; a raid: Anecd. ii 73.12 . ¤erred warlike accoutrements: LU 6384 = TBC-LL¹ 2525 . ¤flescach a hunting booth of osiers: na fianḟlescaig fo thuga `the roofed hunting-booths of osier' Metr. Dinds. iii 112.31 (= tech, Dinds. 29 ). ¤gaisced 'fian'-valor: a[c] congbail in ḟiangaiscid, Acall. 5208 . ¤gal : (as pred.) f. Find Find brave as warrior-bands Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 20.5 . As npr. m. Fianghal, Caithr. CC § 33 , § 41 ; g s. Fianghail, —uil, § 85 . Cf. nom. Fiangaile, Rawl. 160b40 . Fiangaile gen. 160b32 . ¤galach valiant: g p. m. fer ngablach fíangalach , BDD 32 . As npr. m. AU 737 . 754 . 799 . AFM 732 . 750 . gen. Fiangalaich, Rawl. 144c14 , 150a19 . ¤glas `fian'-bolt, a pole, pike or spear (?) : tucait fianglasa ┐ airechra ochta ... risin luingsin ica cur ó chrích ... na Greci, LL 219b28 ( TTr. 188 ). acc srainedh araill da naimtib uad ... do sonnaib ┐ d'fianglassaib sithremra cona n-irellaib iairn imma cennaib, CCath. 3591 . foscerditís d'a ḟianglasaib isna tendtib flung (the serpents) from their pike-staffs (?) Alex. 714 . ¤rí (?) : Ält. Ir. Dichtg. 28.10 . ¤sruth `f.¤ -stream', fian-lore (`Fiannica', Stern, ZCP i 471 ) : fianṡruth Find, Metr. Dinds. iii 20.1 = fianruth, LL 216a19 . See ZCP i 471 . fiandsroth fian Find u Baiscne, YBL 119a36 = fianruth fiand [sic] in so, 325a0 marg. (prefixed to a list of Finn's captains).

1 fo, fa, fá

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fo, fa, fá or dil.ie/22333
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fo, fó, fu, fa, ba, bá, ba, fá, fao, faoi, fa, ba, fa, fa, faoi, fua, foa, fo, fó, f, fo, fó, fá, fon(d), fón, fónd, foind, fóa, fun, fan, fona, fosnaib, foum, fóm, fúm, fúm, fóm, fout, fūd, fút, —d, fót, —d, fád, fo, foa, fua, foí, fóe, foei, fáe, fou, foú, fó, foa, fáe, foe, fai, fua, fáe, faoi, fa, faoi, faoi, foí, fúe, fóe, foithi, fóthi, foithe, fuithe, fúithe, fáoithi, fúithe, fóithe, faoithe, fúinn, fōin, fōind, fúnn, fúinn, fóinn, faoinn, fuibhsi, faoibh, fúibh, fóibh, faoibh, fóthu, fúthu, fūthu, fōthu, fōtha, fūtha, fútha, fóthib, fōthib, fóthib, foíthib, foithib, fūthaibh, fuithibh, —uí—, fúthaibh, fúthuibh, faoithibh, fóm, fom, bám, fám, fot, fót, fád, foa, fóa, fána, fo, fo, fóar, fo, fánar, fo, foa, fona, fana, fána, foum, f., Fo-

(leniting) prep. with acc. and dat. Forms : fo Wb. 5b3 . 9c31 . Ml. 14d4 . 27d7 . 28c12 . Sg. 140a4 . 153b6 . Acr. 8b1 . BCr. 31c5 . SR 1596 . LU 1928 . 2970 . 4764 . 6615 . LB 67b14 . 171b16 . 201a20 . fó, LU 3806 . 6498 . 6899 . 10792 . 10779 . LB 54a50 . 244b25 . fu, Ml. 63b4 . 67c2 . 77b11 . 94a2 . BCr. 18d2 . fa, LL 177b45 . LB 41b53 . 162b16 . 165b10 . ba, bá, 243a36 . ba, Maund. 237 . fá, LU 9132 . (cf. secht cneslénti [sic leg.] ... bítís bá thétaib ... hi cústul fri gelcnes dó LU 6413 ). fao, Fl. Earls 70.30 . faoi, RSClára 6a . fa (fá, ba) is frequent in Mid. Ir. and is the regular form in Early Mod Ir. (fáoi, fa fhior sin, IGT, Introd. § 73 . ata m'ḟalluing ... fa ḟior o beith faoi IGT, 24 P 8, 190 ), see exx. below. With nasal. rel. part.: fua, Ml. 35a9 ; b16 . 38c3 . 45a3 . Fél. Prol. 86 (fa v.l.). foa, Ml. 59d7 . Marco P. 16 . fo, Ml. 35b18 . Marco P. 136 . fó (ro) 18 . f, TSh. 7542 . Mid. Ir. fo, fó, fá. With art. fon(d), Ml. 35a9 . 53b9 . 36b16 . Sg. 14b1 . 73b3 . Fél. Oct. 15 . LU 3100 . 8461 . fón, LU 1508 . 1797 . 8214 . MacCongl. 103.3 . fónd, LU 6092 . LL 71b1 . foind, LU 6099 . fóa n— (neut.) 8240 . fun, Ml. 65c9 . fan IGT, 24 P 8, 190 . Ó Héodhusa 68 . pl. fona. Incorrectly fosnaib, LL 63bx ( TBC-LL¹ 1020 ).

With pron. suff.: 1 sg. foum (gl. íssum) Hy vi 4 Comm. fóm, LL 82b30 . fúm, ACL iii 236 § 6 . TSh. 4226 . fúm, fóm IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .

2 sg. fout, SR 1734 (monos.). fót, 835 . LU 2815 . fūd ZCP vi 283.21 . fút, —d; fót, —d IGT, 24 P 8, 193 . fád TD 10.20 .

3 s. m. n., acc. fo, Ml. 37a14 . foa, LU 8849 . fua, 8525 . foí, 2011 . fóo, TBC-I² 1283 . fóu, Trip. 130.6 . LB 191b58 (fói). fóe, LL 62b21 . 80a41 . foei LB 7b44 . fáe, Lat. Lives 46.10 . dat. (not distinguished in Mid. Ir.) fou, Ml. 38c3 . 64a10 . 98c10 . Bodl. Dinds. s.v. prull (foe Y). foú, Ml. 35b16 . fó, LU 1483 ( foo, 5620 is possibly acc. pl.). Trip. 222.6 . foa (fóu E) 240.14 . fáe, CCath. 1214 . foe, MacCongl. 89.15 . fai, Lism. L. 1666 . fua, LU 6424 . TBC-LL¹ 3378 . fáe (sin), CCath. 1477 . faoi, IGT, Introd. § 73 . ata m'ḟalluing ... fa ḟior o beith faoi , IGT 24 P 8, 190 . faoi, Ó Héodhusa 68 .

3 s. f. foí, LU 6214 . ? fúe, 7121 ( BDD 80 ). fóe (diss.), Imr. Brain § 6 (ref. to inis). foithi, Trip. 8.10 . Marco P. 16 . Lism. L. 50 . fóthi, LL 59.49 ; 267b27 . foithe, MacCongl. 122.32 . Lism. L. 2220 . fuithe, Acall. 2756 . fúithe, TSh. 1679 . fáoithi, IGT, Decl. ex. 432 . fúithe, fóithe, faoithe IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .

1 pl. found TBC-I¹ 3578 . fúinn, Maund. 157 . TSh. 8033 . fōin, fōind, ACL iii 235 § 28 (: ōir). 237 § 23 (cōir). fúnn, fúinn, fóinn, faoinn IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .

2 pl. fuibhsi, Acall. 2173 . faoibh, Studies 1921, 74 . Luc. Fid. 366.6 . fúibh, fóibh, faoibh IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .

3 pl. acc. fou, Ml. 42 b 7 . fóthu, LL 63b21 . 85a24 . fúthu, Fianaig. 94.17 . fūthu, CCath. 2445 (as dat. 1889 ). fōthu (as dat.) 3032 . 3189 . 4718 . fōtha, 4834 . 5208 . fūtha (as dat.) Maund. 157 . fútha, TSh. 1164 . dat. fóthib, LU 1889 . LL 95b43 . fōthib (as acc.) 62b33 . fóthib, 222a23 ( TTr. 363 ). foíthib (as acc.) LU 6166 . ? foithib (: soithib), Metr. Dinds. iv 86.76 . fūthaibh (as acc.) Marco P. 91 . fuithibh (—uí—?) 100 . fúthaibh, TSh. 2270 (as acc. 2374 ). fúthuibh, faoithibh IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .

With poss. 1 sg. fóm, LL 113b28 . LB 161bx . fom, LB 6a19 . 191a9 . bám, 179a42 . fám, FDG 287 . TSh. 2145 . 2 sg. fot, LL 259b24 ; 32 . fót, LU 3903 . 6090 . LL 259b36 . fád, TSh. 7867 , - 74 . 3 s. foa, Wb. 32c13 . LU 10653 . 10661 . 10910 . fóa, 5596 . LB 192b29 . fána, Keat. ii 6299 . TSh. 1576 . 4216 . fo (axail) BDD 148 U (foo Y). fo (smacht) LB 178b54 .

1 pl. fóar, Wb. 9a1 . LB 172b3 . fo ar, LB 171b37 . fánar, TSh. 5591 (verse).

2 pl. fo bar, Wb. 23d11 .

3 pl. foa, LU 6781 . fona, BCC p. 396.23 . fana, FDG 409 . fána, TSh., 3067 .

I Of local relations.

(a) under, beneath: used more extensively than the corresponding Engl. prep., as the Irish idiom, in speaking of two things one above another prefers to say that B is under A rather than that A is over B: foum (gl. íssum) Hy vi 4 Comm. bieit a namait fo a chosaib som under his feet Wb. 32c13 . a tabairt fu chossa `their being put under foot' Ml. 67c2 . lecca derca fo chossaib, LU 2424 . asin tiprait boí fón drochat, 1797 . co n-accatar fón muir fóthib annís dúine, 1889 . gabais in mnaí foa lethoxail took the woman under his arm 10910 . atnaig C. foí thrusts him under it 5233 . da lurgain lomchaela fae, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36 (Corm. s.v. prull). do chuir a lámh chlé faoi chum éirghe dó, Comp. CC 81.10 . léigcitt a nglūine fútha they kneel down Maund. 77 . gabais ... a chois foí, LU 1503 (`took him by the leg' MU 51 ). co mmema do fergara fót 6099 . ro thescsat a leth-iscait ... foei, PH 554 . mani má in talam fúe, BDD 80 . mana maidi in talam found, TBC-I¹ 3578 . in cloch no geissed fo chosaib cach ríg nogeibedh Hérinn, Dinds.. i § 13 = BB 350a18 . in tan ticedh ri Eirenn fuirre, do ghéised in lecc fái, Acall. 7999 . ro hecrait áine ┐ urluachair fóthu, TBC-LL¹ 998 . mairg cois isa bond fa mbris woe to the foot under whose sole it breaks ACL iii 237 § 21 . atá fó cach duma .l. fer, LU 2873 . a lec na righ ... fút atát cuirp na tri Tadg, Ériu ii 166.30 . líc ... foa n-adnaicthe na gennte, Marco P. 16 . in ail fó ro hadnachta a sin, 18 . fo Loch Echach, LU 2970 . fo dílind, Ériu iv 130.17 . docuaidh se fai an abhainn ... ┐ nir eirich se no gor baithed e, BCC § 149 . (cf. no thogfaind mo chlíu | ma úir, LU 9856 . ge fía dig fa húir, 9859 ). luid fo thalmain, Fél. May 20 . a chor fo thalmain to bury PH 664 . mar fhágbhaid fá úir é, TSh. 970 . droichet fo ngabhait longa under which ships pass Marco P. 136 . fo gréin (nim) under sun (heaven) i.e. alive; in the world: nisfil fo grein fairind ... basid feiliu, ACL iii 297z . gan coimmeas ris fon g. ... acht tusa he has no equal in the world but thee Duan. F. ii 324 § 25 . ní fil fo nim ní ... na dingned, LU 3911 ( SCC 42 ). teglach fo teglach ind ḟir | ni fil fo n., AU 894 . gan neach 'na n-aghoidh fo neimh no one in the world against them Duan. F. ii 164 § 35 . dona daoinibh fá neamh, TSh. 2088 (= sub caelo ... hominibus Actus iv 12 ). Esp. in sense of carrying, supporting: droichet ..., xxx. uaithne fulaing fai, Marco P. 97 . beir let licc ... fot suidi, SR 1593 . is amlaid ... atá in rígsudi ... co cethri colomnaib foi, LU 2006 ( FA 7 ). cen fúndamit fái PH 7816 . tū ag folang fóin supporting us beneath ACL iii 235.28 . ech ... foa suidiu, LU 10661 . tri eich derga foa suidib, BDD 30 (foithib, Eg. fosuidib DE). gerrán Patraic foa (fóu, Eg.) P.'s nag was carrying it (of a load) Trip. 240.14 . na dá ech filet fón charput, LU 8590 . secht carpait ... ┐ ceithri heich dēc fūithibh, ZCP vii 300.12 . fuaim nechraide fó ríg the sound of steeds under a king's chariot BDD 50 . fuaim carbaid fo rígh, BNnÉ 183.11 . in carpat fil fónd ócláig, TBC-LL¹ 1815 . carbad ... bhias faoi ... rothadha fan charbad, Ó Héodhusa 68 . in sdét robúi fae Sir G. ZCP vi 56.32 . ber mul ... fud `have under thee a ... mule' 283.21 . confacatar in fer mbecc ... ┐ luingin creduma foi in a skiff of bronze RC vi 183.4 . in cholcid boí foí the bed he was on LU 10478 . nirbo gnáth in corthe út fo enaib that pillar was not wont to have birds on it LL 121b34 ( RC iii 181 ). ech ... ina laige fo eri, PH 5846 . baile a laighfedh an damh fon ccarpat, BNnÉ 32.1 . arna loscedsi ... in fer nobiad fóthi that it should not burn the man who carried it (of a magic spear) MU² 741 ( LL 267b27 ). tuc gobal ... fo a cinnu stuck their heads on a fork Dinds. 144 . do rad C. a carpat fo leabhraibh Beraich loaded his chariot with B.'s books BNnÉ 31 y . asail berar fa lointibh la gach n-aen `asses laden with provisions are taken' Marco P. 20 . mac in chruittiri fón cruit, Ériu ix 49 § 30 . fer fo bhíudh ... aroile fo lionn, Hugh Roe² 11.26 (f. 6b) . focheirded id n-óir immi | nád bāded fairge foa that the sea might not drown him while he wore it Metr. Dinds. iii 104.23 . éicne ... is é fuillechta fo mil dressed with honey TBFr. § 23 . cuiridh fo shalann é pickle it BNnÉ 74.8 . tuirtín fá luaith (= subcinericium panem) TSh. 4926 . do chorpán fo chrú covered with gore ML 110.13 ( ML² 1455 ). cona brugaib fo blāth flowering meadows SR 379 . boí [Mag Breg] fó a lí ┐ fó bláth cach datha LU 10792 . finemhain fo torud, ZCP v 24 § 2 . gort nach bi fa barr that bears no crops ACL iii 236 § 5 . clúana ... fá sgingbheirt reóidh `meadows wrapped in a cloak of ice' Ó Heódhusa, Studies 1921, 419 . dolluid in curach fo séol trena mocoll under sail LU 1928 . laoidheang fa lán seóil under full sail TD 20.30 . do bhí an domhan fa dhall chiach 7.33 . cotlud dó fón sāith sin, LU 3451 ( SCC 23 ). in ghein fil fat bruindi in thy womb RC vi 175.55 . i taig fó glas, LU 4764 . fuaratar in carcair fon iadhad doratsat forri, PH 3696 . in carcair do beth fon ṅdúnad cetna, 3698 . Cf. a mbeit[h] i mbuaile fo iadhu an oidhche (of cows), Laws iv 96.24 . corbo ecen clar fo dlutad uasu, BB 390b1 . bheith geimhlighthe fá ghéibheann ghrás nDé, TSh. 2201 . docuaid C. fana corp fen san aiér in his own body BCC § 149 . an tan ... nach féadann ... an biadh ... do chongbháil fána chlí cannot retain his food TSh. 1575 . comēt dam mo chride ... ni raib miscais foë let there be no hatred in it ZCP vi 259 § 6 . dosrat fo chlaidiub put them to the sword SR 4148 . ce atagtha fo claideb, Ériu ii 122.21 . dochuaidh Pol fo cloidhem BB 10a3 ( MacCarthy 284 ). luidh fo lannaib fell by blades BB 50b29 ( MacCarthy 422 ). tair fón claideb come under the sword (in token of submission) LU 9659 ( ZCP iii 212 ). cárna samaisci do indarggain fo thál ┐ béuil, TBFr. § 19 . Often loosely used to denote an inferior position: tobert C. a lue ... co mboí a n-imdorus isin tenlug fó, LU 1483 ( MU² 964 , `the door fell down before him' MU 51 ). suidid fo glún Conchobair (i.e. at C.'s feet ?) LU 5206 . ro slecht fo chossaib Mártain at M.'s feet RC ii 400.16 . PH 1335 . tarrustar ... fo chossa G., 1372 . fo chosaib Gamaliél ... ro alt [Pól], 1649 . co mbí fo chrund bethad, LU 1356 . bud iomdha ... mairbh fa ríoghnaibh roisgḟliucha `many will be the wet-eyed queens over their dead' TD 16.71 . do-chuaidh Ionas ... fá chrann, TSh. 2477 . an tan bhíos ... fá láimh chlí Dé on God's left hand 9891 . angcaire ... do léigean fúthaibh, 2374 . fo choimm: see 1 coim. fo chomair: see comair.

(b) of direction towards, into, through: a naslui grién foa fuined `when the sun goes away to its setting' BCr. 33b18 . doluid fon caillid (= ad silvam) Lat. Lives 85 ( dochuaid isin caill, Hy v 61 Comm. ). gur ling an t-each uaidh fán gcoill, TSh. 1001 . ralotar fón fid, CRR 37 . nach tan nosbert eolchaire fo rian roglass whenever homesickness brought them on the sea Anecd. i 69.1 . amair raga sa ... asan curach fo thir RC xiv 60.24 . docuaidh ... roime fon tír, ZCP vi 51.9 . dochuiremar an long fo tír isin oilén, BNnÉ 49.35 . tunda fina do cur fo tir cast on shore Ann. Conn. 1310 § 10 . dús in táir cobair Ulad foo, LU 5620 . buailis fá lár a chorp to the ground TSh. 5586 . ro léig fo lár a ḟoghuil ... ┐ ro an acumsa `abandoned' Fianaig. 76.8 . Cf. roínfid fuil féne fo don, LU 6615 . teiched ... fo fhoithrib, Marco P. 55 . do theich fo sliabh C., CCC 79.1 . ni lamhann drochspirat techt fa tech i mbí, Maund. 15 (c ?). teid fan ceol in the direction of the music ZCP v 501 (cf. II j). tolotatar fon fes came to the feast RC xiii 223.50 . cromait ... fan cath bend to the (i.e. engage in) battle ZCP viii 224 . Cf. cuir aris fao cluasa do chroidhi da eisteacht = ad iterum audiendum aures cordis accommoda Instructio 119.28 . tigid fád lorg = sub tua vestigia TSh. 7867 . Cf. celebrait ... na ocht trath oc molad ... in Coimded co claischétol aircaingel oc tíachtain foí (the birds) sing the hours in praise of the Lord with the quire of the archangels accompanying it LU 2011 ( FA 7 ). do-beir láim fo undertakes, attempts (see lám).

(c) esp. of impact, collision, attack: benaid foo LU 4874 . benaid fona maccu, 4885 . buain fútha meddling with them (?) Ériu v 71.6 . (see benaid, búain). tarlaic urchur fuithib, RC v 199.11 (see do-léci). ac tabairt sádaid do crann a tsleigi fuithe, Acall. 2756 . buailtear an long fá charraig against a rock TSh. 3759 . do-bheir craos-ruathar ... fútha makes a hungry onslaught on them 1164 . téit (imm-soí, etc.) f. turns on, attacks: cobair cethra foa tiagat coin alltai helping cattle attacked by wolves Ériu ii 210.2 . teit [in béist] fo thrédu Gargan ┐ ro marb dímór dib, PH 7227 . amail teit ség fa mindtu, MR 70.16 = FDG 627 . do chu[a]idh fúthu ┐ tríthu, Fianaig. 94.17 . ná deach faoibh fréamh ar ndoibheart ` assail ' Eoghan R. Mhac an Bhaird, Studies 1921, 74 . imsoí foíthib ┐ marbthus íat, LU 6166 . imsói fothu, Metr. Dinds. iii 258.29 . maitti a ndírím fó araill, LU 6667 (`their forces rush at each other' Faraday, Faraday, 96 ). no co roicher (ndeachar v.l.) fo longphort fer nÉ., CCC 94.16 . eirgidh fo palas in rígh `attack' Fier. 131 . amhail choin ... do sgaoilfidhe fá shluaghaibh, TSh. 3122 . ionsoighidh foithib ... amhuil faolcoin fo chaorchaib, Hugh Roe 226.9 (f. 60a) . lingid ... fótha dá n-óirleach, Keat. i 204.31 . co ngreis a choin fona clerchiu, Lism. L. 276 . lecidh in rí na griba futhaibh, Marco P. 91 . lór do chur cháich fa chéile enough to set all at variance TD 6.2 .

(d) throughout, over, gen. of motion: ducuaid inducbal cruche Crist fun domun, Ml. 65c9 . fon domun for cech leth (gl. longe lateque) 53b9 . seinter lat ... cornn ... | co roa a glōir fo secht nime, SR 1368 . teid ... do iarraid a legis fon doman, RC xii 326.22 . ro closs fon ṁbith, Fél. Oct. 15 . dorónad coindmed na filed ... fo Érind, LU 360 . rocluinter ... a nggáir fón firmimint, 2199 . forodalta Conaille fo hÉrinn, ZCP viii 330.29 . roscuir ... a munter ... fon Eoraip sent his people all over Europe PH 267 . rosfuid Dia Michel fo na secht nimib, MacCarthy 68.9 ( LB 112bx ). co clos fona crichaib comfoicsibh, CCath. 1428 . fodlaidh baill an maic ... fo naemaib hErenn distributes the limbs ... amongst the saints BColm. 92.13 . co clos fosnaib tuathaib uili, TBC-LL¹ 1020 . scél scáilter fa chách amongst all CRR 54 . a clú ica irrdercugud fo cech popol, CCath. 333 . do bhrúcht Loch Con fa thír over the land Keat. i p. 162 . In : do himdergadh go mōr fa ghnúis ... na hingine a deep blush came over Ériu v 84.14 , fa replaces imm ; cf. ro himdergad imon ceand, RC xxiv 64 § 26 , and see (f) below. Cf. amal arrograd descad fo bairgin, Wb. 9b13 . laibhín ... faoi leaven mixed with it TSh. 8982 . foillech di menadaich fa bargen, Ériu vii 140.15 (` leg. for,' Ed.).

(e) on: .lll. mac fo chathaírib airgdidib, BDD 105 Y. Cf. faidhit din claraigh uasa mbarcuibh ... ni chuirid pic forro, acht ola ┐ cailc ┐ cnaib do mhingerred tritha, ┐ a cur fuithib (`with this they pay their ships'), Marco P. 145 .

(f) about, around (contamination of IMM , see also II l et seq. below): sciathrach scéith do gabáil fó brágit round his neck CRR 17 . gab craidhi spideoigi ... ┐ cuir fa braigid an ti ... take a robin's heart and hang it round the neck of ..., Rosa Angl. 234.7 . do cuiretar coroin fa chenn, Maund. 16 . craicind ... leoman ba cathbar[r] ma [fo, Eg.] cendaib on their heads TTebe 2672 . slabhra ... fána chom, Keat. ii 6299 (= moa bragit, Rawl. 81a15 . ima b., YBL 127a25 ). do gabh crios fa a colainn, ZCP i 62 § 45 . an bhfuil sróll ... fána chneas?, TSh. 4216 . fá bhrághaid, 7549 . duine fá mbíd an dá ghéibheann úd, 7542 . coróin fána cheann, 40 . fa (um, v.l.) dhruim píasda | filltir slíasda flatha Fáil, IGT, Decl. ex. 1226 . Hence hard by, near (?): ro marbsad lucht dā eathar fan Suca, RC xviii 188.32 (Tig.). Cf. dodechad ... dot chursu fan lind, TBC-LL¹ 3420 = mon lind, TBC-I¹ 2628 , where under is possibly the meaning. maidm ... do tabairt do Ch. fo Beol Atha S. for Conallchaib, Ann. Conn. 1359 § 3 (= oc Áth S., FM).

II Of fig. and abstract relations,

(a) under ; dofucfa ... na mbia fo menmain a chéli cena falsigud o briathraib, LU 2665 . Cf ailithre idan ... ticc co menicc fo menmain, ACL iii 321 § 1 . is messi ... dorat fó menmain Ailella do seircsiu put love of thee into A's heart LU 10779 (= for , Ériu xii 170. 15 ). Especially with words denoting appearance, state, condition, manner, attendant circumstances, classification : dath ... fo chosmailius saphirr like sapphire Ml. 84d4 . dolega ... fo chosmailius dilenn, 62b20 . conrotacht ... a tech ... fó chosmailius na Cráebrúadi, LU 8045 . fon óenchummi in one way Sg. 14b1 . is cuma nóblighthea bai ┐ eillti fon aenchumai cach dia ré linn, Cóir Anm. 26 . dotháet ass fón cumma sin, LU 6496 . fon cruth sa, 3539 ( SCC 29 ). atcessa iat ... fon cruth sin, LU 8770 ( FB 57 ). co n-ebairt fón n-innasa so that he spake thus LU 2317 (cf. sections g, j below). esergi in ciniuda dóennai fon n-innas sa, 2720 . fóa n-innas cetna in the same manner 8240 ( FB 18 ). LU 9095 ( FB 84 ). fon innas cétna, LU 8797 ( FB 60 ). fon n-innus sin, Marco P. 85 . nodslaid fón alt cétna beat him in the same way LU 3288 ( SCC 8 ). secht mbliadnai di fond alt sin in that condition LL 280a23 ( SG 415 ). a mbatar ... fon samail sin thus LU 3301 ( SCC 10 ). dorónad grianán ... fo chomardus imdaí Conchobair as high as LU 8062 ( FB 3 ). fo deilb diabuil in the form of a demon SR 1739 . slabrada ... fo deilb natrach, LU 2174 ( FA 25 ). imad ... lecc lógmar innte fo chuma grene ┐ ésca, LB 138b19 . fo feib, SR 375 . fo clith secretly 1281 . co mbatar blíadain fo chleith, Metr. Dinds. iii 390.79 . fo gné sub specie: fo gné bairgine, PH 5183 . fo bithphianaib, SR 1740 . fo déraib in tears Fél. Ep. 174 . Prol. 24 . sínset fo brón ... cosin crích `pursued their way in ... grief' Metr. Dinds. iii 390.73 . luid C. fo luinni úad in indignation LU 6021 . caland fa scīs a weary body ACL iii 237 § 26 . gan duine fo fhodord dibh `without one of them murmuring' BS 108 § 54 . siu nobeth fo athis rather than be disgraced LU 2932 . bía fónd anim sin thou shalt carry that blemish 6092 . bánbéim na fagaib feith fo saoth .i. fo tinnes, O'D. 826 ( H 3.17, 590 - 1 ). beth fa essanóir, PH 7387 . robúi B. fa anoir, ZCP vi 296.7 . cath ... ó a mbeid Gaoidhil fo mheabhoil, Duan. F. ii 160 . dolluid A. dochum a thíri fó chōri ┐ óentaid fri U., LU 1551 . scarsat ... fo ṡīdh ┐ chaenchomhrac, Marco P. 151. 156 . bheith ag luiṅgseóireacht arthraigh ... fá phioráideacht in piracy TSh. 2165 . bretnas ... cona ecor dé ór fo ṡnīm plaited Anecd. i 61 § 91 (= co mbrephnib óir LU 1809 ). fa áis na maighden `of the age' Maund. 253 . nech ... fu grad epscoip of the rank of a bishop Ériu vii 140.1 . fa marbhdataid ! mortifiyed RSClára 91a . dí laogh fona dathaibh uccat of those colors BNnÉ 10.27 . arrubert bith ann ... fo glēre lesaigt[h]i bíd ┐ cormae, BColm. 84.5 . níl an flaitheas so faoi ghluas acht moving Corp. Astron. 36.15 . eter comslechtaib na cethri sen find fichet fu aen fochanat in unison(?) Rawl. 106b29 (cf. Rev. iv 4 , 10 ). a lan do laechaib ... fa oengnim ┐ oengaisced fris fein equal in exploits ... to himself MR 80.11 = FDG 733 . da mbeth fuath duine ... am chride, ┐ bás d'fhagbail fái-sin cen aithrige were hatred of anyone in my heart, and I died thus, unrepentant PH 7488 (but this may belong to section j, q.v.). Cf. fo réim on a course (?) BDD 50 (sic leg.? Cf. dochuaid int en ... for foluamain fon reim sin, Aen. 1133 ). fo ogi oiffrinn `at completeness of offering' ACC 93 (= LU 994 ).

(b) of grammatical function, in Glosses (a particular application of preceding): is fo huath[ud] ... a n-institutae `institutae' is in the singular Ml. 42b12 . is ainm naimsire hisunt ... ciasu menciu fu dobrethir it is more frequent adverbially 67a4 . is fo infinit dutiagar ... á mmanifestare (the word) `manifestare' is construed as an infinitive 101c6 , 7 . cid fo gním cid fo chésath dotiagar actively ... passively Wb. 6a29 . is fo foxlaid dutiagtar `they are construed ablatively' Ml. 106c3 . fo diultad as a negative Laws iv 68.29 Comm. Corm. Y 407 . ni fú indidit ata `irascemini' sunt ... acht is for imchomarc ata `in affirmation ... in interrogation' Ml. 20b13 . fo neutur in the neuter Sg. 90b 5 , 6 .

(c) of meaning underlying: inni bess fon fogur sin the sense which is under that sound Wb. 12d5 . a folad foṡuidigther fond ṡun `the substance put under the word' Sg. 73b3 . fun trop són (gl. sub hac figure discribitur) Ml. 66a4 . muna cíall shiobhuil bhíos fúthaibh unless they are used with the sense of motion (of certain prepositions) IGT, Introd. § 72 . Cf. ni thuigim an fliuchadh sin, achd munab braiseach ... as mian leis do thuigsin faoí, Rule of Tallaght § 87 . briathar fá n-ab iontuigthe nach cóir, etc. from which we may infer Eochairsg. 9.20 .

(d) under, subject to: fun inuilligud (gl. sub tutione) Ml. 30b23 . fu Moysi under Moses (as ruler) 63b4 . dos-&mdot;béra fo chumachte in maicc, Wb. 13b30 . ni fó ar máam ataid, 9a1 . condumfel fo mám pectho, 3c38 . ni rabatar ... riam fo recht fetarlicce , Wb. 19d11 . bíd Sattan ... fót cumachtu, PH 3937 . biait fót ... airbri imdai archaṅgel, SR 835 . Pilait fua ro chés ar Fíada, Fél. Prol. 86 . ingreim na nIúdaide fó Antoich under (the reign of) A. PH 5499 . níor dúnadh dorus leasa | fa Bhéac `in the reign of B.' TD 32.39 . co mbet Cristaighi fa Idhalaib an uair sin mar attatt Idhail fútha-san aníu, Maund. 237 . úa na rígh ... bhios fo shiol na Saxanach, Duan. F. ii 166.42 . an lā ... dobēra cāch fuibh ┐ sibh os cāch, CCath. 5059 . do ocaib ... biti fo anmchairtes under spiritual direction Mon. Tall. § 71 . slechtais ... fo ogreir Maolruaoin prostrated himself in complete submission to M. (under the absolute will of) § 77 . fo míscaid bretheman brátha, LU 2289 ( FA 34 ). fo chis do Magnus fil si under tribute to M. Marco P. 3 . fo mhamus M. fuil si subject to M. 4 . na ... righ fil fo mamus Naim, 54 . cuiris M. faa smacht he, 99 . dorad iathu E. ... fo smacht flaithiusa Muman, RC xxiv 186.7 . gur chuir faoi forgla an domhain subdued TD 13.40 . na daine éadtroma ... do chonnmhail fa shilens an chlaustra = in claustro sub disciplina Instructio 201.17 . co fuilitt fa plánét Ṡáduirnn under (the rule of) Saturn Maund. 141 . ar mbeith dhuit fá leigheas = sub medicamento TSh. 8190 . mairg atá fá theas na teineadh, 6416 (cit.). ré mbeith don phobal I. fá éagcomhlann, 6103 .

Téit fo submits to, undergoes; assumes: in tan diagmani fo baithis. Wb. 3a15 . tect fo smachtu rechto, 19d11 . intí téte fo recht n-imdibi, 20a12 . dochóid Ísu fo reacht n-imdibe, PH 5652 . in tan teit oen ... fo gradaib in choimded takes holy orders 7157 . mane tē fó láim n-epscoip iar mbathus unless he is confirmed Ériu i 218.24 (see lám). fo-ácaib fo leaves at the discretion (mercy) of: do fágadh in faidhchi folum faī, ZCP vi 31.2 . forḟacaib [in mac] isinn inadsin fo na hethaidib left ... there exposed to the birds RC xxiv 190 § 2 . fágbhaim fá bhreathnughadh gach aonduine, cia is córa ... ?, TSh. 5002 (see fácbáil, fo-ácaib). fag gach aindligheadh ... fa dheithidi ... in bhreitheamhan, Instructio 200.22 . lectir fu mes nDe it is left to God's judgment Ériu vii 158.35 .

(e) under (a name, head, rubric, etc.): fond oinfailsigud (gl. sub eodem ... argumento) Ml. 36b16 . arroét Iosep ... Muire ... fo anmum chomaime under the name of wife PH 6917 . gab fon aithne-si gach lá saire include under this commandment 7372 . atā cech uli ... fon aithne-si every ... is included under this commandment 7542 . atā bán aithne-si ... cech ní 7609 . ní háirmighther Éire ... fan clíma ard Ireland is not counted as belonging to Maund. 157 . fo [o]en aicciund adfiadar `it [a compound] is pronounced under a single accent' Sg. 74b8 . Cf. dosbert fobairt bidbad fó bidbadaib foraib, LU 6498 (`the attack of an enemy among enemies' Faraday, Faraday 92 ). Here seem to belong: ba fou fachart[at]arsom, Ml. 64a10 . is fáei iarom latharsat légnide na mBretan innísin (introducing an explanation), Thr. Ir. Gl. 9 (Cormac s.v. cruimther. Y has instead: is fair iarom rolaset).

(f) under = less than; inferior to: faoi áois iomchubhaidh `before sufficient age' RSClára 6a . an t-aonmhadh lá déag ... faoi nó ós a chionn the eleventh day or thereabouts Corp. Astron. 4.12 . gion go raibhe créatúir san gcruinne fá aingeal budh uaisle, TSh. 1100 . ba hē amāin faoi Dia dusratt in Edāill ... fo chuing chreidmhe, Fl. Earls 100.14 . faoí Dia acht in guibernoir ni himda persa ... is fessach 70.30 .

(g) according to, in accordance with , an extension of (d) and (e) above; in Glosses gen. in combination with vbs. GAIBID and DO-BEIR: fon cheill fuandrogab in faith in the sense in which the prophet has uttered it Ml. 38c3 . cid fosodi[n] nogabad D. .i. foní fuantuic P., 35a9 . is fosodin rogabad 35b10 . bed foú nogabtis ... foní fuatabarr ib. 16 , 18 . as sain ind fiugor fuandrogab in faith ┐ ind rún fuantaibret in suuischelaichthi, 45a3 . is fo dobertar inna anman fonna inni fordi[n]grat names are given in accordance with the qualities they signify 37a14 . fo sin in that case, in accordance with that Ml. 42c24 , 46c14 , Sg. 106a5 . is foa ... dothét cech pennain ... fo meit an pectha every penance is determined by the magnitude of the sin RC xv 487y . pennith fon cinaid, Ériu vii 158.2 . gu cumaid a ndeghghnima fon n-etargna sin, Lism. L. 4612 . do suidhigedh na sluaig fo med i [ = a] n-uaisli, Fianaig. 56.1 . mani fochlither a bruth ... fóa réir fodein unless his ardor be attended to according to his own pleasure LU 8622 ( FB 46 ). direnar leithdire ... fo suire cacha feda according to the rank of each tree Laws iv 168.21 . dīre cāich fo miad `according to his dignity' i 40.13 . fothud ... do cechtar da lina fo miad, ii 378.5 . daithin na dáime fana miad ┐ fana ngrad, FDG 409 = MR 50z . doronsat iomarbaigh ... fa ccumang according to their ability Leb. Gab.(i) i 248.25 . fam dhícheall to the best of my power A. Ó Dálaigh x 2 . fá a ngníomrad mestar mic rígh, O'Gr. Cat. 358.5 . fuaratar fona mian í itir tess ┐ fhuacht as they liked it BCC p. 396.23 . Cf. in lucht dara betha a colann fo na míanaib do frestal, PH 7463 . rotheichset fo nertaib bāgh by dint of courage (?) RC x 54. 2 v.l. ( ICM xxi ). Here, perhaps: to-tēt meas fo aimseara, BDD 28 Y (fó U), expl. by: téid an breitheamhnas ris an aimsir, O'Cl. s.v. meas (8) .

(h) like, corresponding to (extension of preceding. Cf. fo bēsad fir trebuir `after the manner of a prudent man' Wb. 29d23 . fo béesad fir téte do chath, 9a3 ): ni thainicc riam tegluch fóo ┐ nicon riccfo co brath, IT iii 238.111 . orguin fón orguin dorat dún, BDD 48 (.i. mar an argain, Stowe; lit. in proportion to i.e. in requital of (?)cf. (q)). robad orgain fo araile in sin, 66 U (fon aile Y. ba argain már a chéle hí, Stowe). ni fail mac rig ... fo Ceallach, AU 894 (poem). ni taircell Eriu ... fer fo Mael ... Muru, 886 (= mar AFM 884 ). flaith fial fo rig nAilbine as generous as AFM 845 . fo Choin Culaind comchosmail, LU 8454 ( FB 30 = for, Eg.; fri, Voss.). teaghlach fo theaglach an ḟir ni fil, AFM 890 = AU 894 . fón bfleadhughadh út doronabair abhus forbia mu fhleadhssa tall daibh like the feasting you have enjoyed here Marco P. 12 .

(i) with numerals as multiplicative (an early use, perhaps orig. implying motion, ZCP viii 33 - 34 ): fo dí twice Wb. 24b22 . Ml. 46a21 . a úaig dil fo dí doubly dear LU 9977 ( PRIA iii 538 ). dammidethar fá dí, LU 9132 ( FB 88 ). a óen fo deich ten times one BCr. 31c5 . fo thrí, Wb. 17d4 . rogabsat ... forro fo thrí in n-insi, LU 221 . blegon inna mbo fo thri Hy v 32 . dorónsat fa thrí, LU 193 . fo aen a mbliadain once a year Laws iv 350.19 Comm. Cluain maic N. do argain fo thri ... fecht o Sil nA. ┐ fo dó hó Callraidhi, RC xvii 390.25 . AU 1050 . resíu goires in coilech fa dó, PH 3196 . a sé fo chethair four times six LL 181b28 ( Arch. Hib. ii 48 ). a chairdis Crist fó secht his seven-times gossip RC xviii 14.19 . With compar.: aidbliu fo míle, LU 2003 . soillsi fo secht oltas grian, FA 10 LB (= soillsithir ... andá LU 2029 ). mó fá dheich ten times more IGT, Decl. ex. 1027 . With co (later also co ba, co ma): confitebimur du ebert cu fudi twice Ml. 94a2 . co fo ṡecht, LL 209b46 ( Ériu vii 220 ). ro loisc Life co ba ṡecht, ACL iii 304 § 4 . tri cēd ... co ma thri thrice three hundred Fen. 354 . mo bhennacht gomá secht go Breifneachaibh, BNnÉ 267.7 . gid scriptuir bes go ma secht | in cech cill, Anecd. ii 38.1 .

(j) at, by (of occasion, conjuncture, etc. on or at which something happens, orig. perhaps an extension of (d) above): is fo forṅgartaid tra fosin dutiagar á manifestare ... is fo infinit dutiagar fu[n] dul so the (word) `manifestare' is construed as an imperative in that case [ = under that interpretation] ... as an infinitive in this case Ml. 101c6 - 7 . dochuamar i nEigeipt fo chuiriud Foraind at Pharaoh's invitation Ériu iv 140.21 . ar a gabail fo lige fo eirge for singing it at lying down and rising Lib. Hymn. i 46.17 ; 5.30 . lá lodmar fo gairm in ríg at the king's call LL 206b4 ( RC vii 290.6 ). tiucfa se fa guth an cluic at the sound of the bell BCC § 220 . is fad thúarasgbhailsi tanag (= on hearing of thy fame) Ériu v 98.31 . tancadar fir Erenn fo thasc in rig (i.e. on the report of the king's death), Dinds. 136 . in duine ticced fón n-égem, LU 1908 . egis in gilla. doroich Loegaire fua, LU 8525 ( FB 38 ). eighthi in muccid, co tanic tuath in da Maine fae, BDD 20 . Cf. ro héged immumsa ... tanacaisiu fon égim, ScM. 11 . fo sodain, fo sin usually means by that time but occasionally at (with) that: íachtais in gilla—tic C. fo sodain, LU 8537 , LU 8546 ( FB 39 , 40 ). ro scáich noínnin Ulad fo sodain by that time LU 5899 . dolluid E. immach fo sodain, 8242 . tic F. fó sodain, 5645 . dochuadar amach fái sin, RC xxiii 424.11 . tainic dereadh in lai fae sin, CCath. 2416 . rucsad forro fai sin, Ann. Conn. 1270 § 7 . dorochair D. fóisede by that time RC xvi 280.16 ( Dinds. 161 ).

(k) during: fiu and fo domnach `rested there throughout Sunday' Trip. 156.19 ( fó d., Trip.² 1825 ). Trip. 182.21 ( Trip.² 2143 ). fiusam fo domnach ann, Trip. 174.7 ( Trip.² 2025 ).

(l) Of approximate time of an occurrence, at, about (cf. imm): fó athgin [taite v.l.] in erruigh ar chinn by the return of spring CCath. 169 . C. do ēcc ... fo fel Lurint, Ann. Conn. 1243 § 8 (cf. F. ... d'ecc im feil Martain ib. § 7 ). sluagad ... la maccaib rig C. ... fo fel Muri, 1249 § 9 . fo fel cros doronadh ALC ii 116 = Ann. Conn. 1405 § 15 . fá'n Nodloig-si, Ériu v 54.9 . na hanmunna tecuit fo dhomhnach a hifern on Sundays RC xiv 48.19 . an tan fa ticfa, Fianaig. 74.9 . dochuaidh ... fo ṡamhain ar cciontt hi ccenn Gall `went to the English the ensuing Allhallowtide' AFM v 1622.6 . ón am far scríobh Caesarius , Keat. i p. 48.14 . ón tráth fá dtánaig tar muir, TD 2.58 . an uair fa dtigthí ar Ibh Táil whenever ... were mentioned 3.48 . fá aimsir chinnte by a certain time TSh. p. 160 . ón tráth fár dhearbh lais as soon as he was certain 2800 . Of space: ro ḟorcongair forra celcc do inneall fá mhile do Ṡlicceach `within a mile of Sligo' AFM vi 1978.3 (see f above). Similarly in expressions like: fo dered, fo deod, fo dechtsa, etc. (see 1 deired, dead, fecht): go fuighedh bās fa cend tri la within three days BCC § 257 . muna bfacchadh fios ... faoi chenn bliaghna, Ériu iv 51.18 . Cf. first cit. under (f), above.

N.B.—In most of the exx. in the follg. sections FO (FA, FÁ etc.) replaces imm.

(m) after words denoting cause or reason, in rel. construction with vb.; cia hádbar fa filet oc iarraid ... ? why are they seeking ... ? PH 2761 . cid imár adair Ísu, ┐ cid fa tuc anoir do ?, 2611 . adbar bá ṅdlegar a sechna, 7435 . issé adhbur fa ndernatar ..., Maund. 10 . is dona hadhbharuibh as mó fár chuir Ronán one of the chief reasons for which R. put Ériu v 74.17 . is é fath fa tangamar, ZCP vi 50z . crét fá tancabar ?, PH 2924 . crét an fáth fa ndentar sin ? RC xxix 124.12 . ni ḟuarais maith ... far mholta dhuit ... iad for which they should be praised by thee ZCP viii 219 § 10 . an dara hadhbhar fár fhuiling Dia ... another reason why God allowed ... TSh. 3513 . an treas fáth fár thuit Ádhamh 3527 . With cop.: is é fáth fána doilghe this is the reason why 1132 . ciodh fár chóra ... ?, Keat. ii 936 .

(n) in respect of, as regards: is iad so mogha fíre Fergusa fo neart ┐ fo ghniomhradh, Ériu viii 136.16 . i gcuibhreann na mbó fán bhféar `feeding on grass with cattle' TSh. 3464 . fear mar Ghuaire fá dhúais d'ógaibh, Keat. Poems 211 . Esp. after adj.: réidh fá mhaoin lavish of 526 . brugh fa fial fá bhiadhaibh, 861 . líonmhar ... fá dhaoinibh populous Keat. ii 937 . as bhuaine fa bhuanfholuibh, 23 F 16, 195 (`in respect of long-enduring kindreds' O'Gr. Cat. 399 ). In asyntactical constr.: fan seanchas chuirim chugaibh, congbhaidh é `as to the facts I bring forward' Content. xxi 6 . About, concerning: bá thómos a thigi thancabair `about the measure of his house' (Hennessy) MU² 855 ( LL 268b17 ). iar saruccadh Ruadain do Diarmait fa Aedh nG. after D. had insulted R. in the matter of A. BNnÉ 88.18 . cogadh ... fa chrích ... bhFáil fógrais É., TD 18.25 . damsa ceart ... | fon gcloidheamsin `grant justice ... about that sword' Duan. F. ii 132 § 28 . an bhreath ... rug Solamh ... fán gcloinn, TD 2.48 . mun ní fá dtairge a theagosg in anything in which thou attemptest to instruct him 15.51 . mór d'ulc ... do-righneadh fa (um v.l.) cheann an chnuic, 4.1 (see 1 cenn). síodh fan gcrann peace (i.e. forgiveness) for the spear Dán Dé iv 9 . súil Gaoidheal ruibh fad ríoghadh TD 10.31 . go dtug sé ... tuarastal do thaoiseach ... fá thoidheacht a reward for coming TSh. 259 . Esp. after words denoting mental action or emotion: cen chuimni fon ēc without thought of death ACL iii 239.16 . eagla ... fá thuitim, TSh. 3520 . fonn ... fá bhás d'fhagháil, 6059 . débhóision ... fána naomhaibh ┐ fa thaisibh na naomh, Ó Héodhusa 144x . amharus ... fa ḟiadh gConnacht doubt about TD 21.42 . budh ainfesach clēirigh fana fēiltiph fīre, ZCP x 50.14 . ní baránta inchreidthe é fa righ Lochlann do bheith, etc., it is not a credible guarantee that ... Keat. i p. 46 . After a number of vbs. (most of which are also used with IMM), e.g. of entreating, commanding, permitting, refusing, promising, preventing, of object of entreaty, etc.: roguid in coimdid bá indechad forsin errig, PH 792 . guidhim sibhsi fa guidhe ar mo shon fa mo leiccen mar so I entreat you to pray for me that I may be left as I am BNnÉ 67.6 . guidhes Dia ... fan documal sin do fortacht, RC xii 332.21 . do ghuidhsiod ... Dia fá gan eisean do mharthain that he might not live Keat. iii 2138 . impidhe do chur ar an rígh fá shaordháil do thabhairt dó, TSh. 4496 . tucc C. aonta fa theacht agreed to come Anecd. iii 2.17 . cead do thabhairt do L. fa chúanairt forba ... d'ḟaghail to allow L. to obtain Ériu v 78.28 . glend nach érthar nech fa coinnmedh where no one is refused entertainment BNnÉ 131.15 . díol farbh' éartha gach aoighe a payment which should be denied every guest TD 10.14 . is e Colum Cille bai 'na slanaigecht fona techt ... doridisi C. was security for his return RC xxiv 62 § 23 . muna dtugadh móid don rígh fá bheith díleas dhó, Keat. ii 5220 . rothairmisc tra in scel sin fa Polinices dul prevented P. from going TTebe 2767 (= imm, see do-airmesca). Of mocking: oc fanamut fa Ísu, PH 2864 (= imm). do fhochuitbiud fói (= immi) 3328 . dorindetar móran fonamhaitt fói, Maund. 15 . ag gāire fan ḟéin laughing at the fian CF 723 . occ gáiribh futha, BNnÉ 76.35 . ag fochuidmheadh fana seanchadhaibh, Keat. i 50.2 . Cf. focherdat in macrad gāir foa, LU 8849 . On account of: dobermáit glóir do Dia fá éistecht riut, Ériu ii 146 § 165 = RC xxiv 384.23 . éirghe amach i n-aghaidh a dtighearna fa n-a chíos féin d'iarraidh orra, Maguires of F. § 25 . Here perhaps: t'enech d'ácbáil fo bíad, LU 4353 . Of purpose, aim: trosccadh ... do dhenamh frisin cCoimdedh fa shoirbheachadh doibh that they might prosper BNnÉ 51x . créd do dhénmais fa dhul tar an sruth what we should do to cross the stream 49 . a llāma sínti fon dhiubhracad extended for shooting CCath. 5564 .

(o) along with, including (= imm): tucad ár forro fa mac Maic U. ┐ im A. Hua M. including the son of Mac U. and A. RC xviii 189.12 (Tig.). tucc coecait each fa ech ngorm, ZCP viii 221.5 . do loisgedh céad ech ... fa eachuibh an airdríogha, Ériu i 24.134 . tucadur i raibe do braighdibh ann leó, fa mac [U]i R. all the hostages including the son of Ua R. AU ii 488.5 . tuccadur a mbai do braigdib ... leo fo mac .h. R., Ann. Conn. 1348 § 6 . cuit do galloclaechaib .h. C. do marbad doib fan Constapla .i. fa Mac R., 1342 § 3 . ... dar marbad seser mac rig fo Chorbmac .h. nE., 1365 § 4 .

(p) after vbs. of swearing, asseverating, etc. of that by which oath, etc., is made (cf. 1 tar, dar BV); perhaps an extension of (d) above. tongu-sa fom [bam, tar, dar v.l.] chumachta, Ériu ii 196.18 . nech dothoing ethech fo cetharlebrai soscelai vii 156.20 . luigimsea bam arm, v 72.11 . ind lec ... cech oen dogní luga ṅ-eithig foithi who swears falsely by it Trip. 8.10 ( Trip.² 87 ). in luige thuccad fó ainmm Dia, PH 7636 . luige ... ba chnedaib Crist by the wounds of Christ 7324 . tug ... a minna fon aendia, ZCP vi 34.17 . dobheirim briathar ... fam chloidhemh, Ériu i 26.146 . doberimsi fam bréithir gomadh ..., ZCP x 277.34 . dobiur-sa fám gaisced ... nach FDG 287 . gúidim tú fon Día da creididh ┐ fat faistedh I adjure thee by Fier. 40 .

(q) in distributive sense with numbers (perhaps orig. in return for, cf. section h): dobheredh P. tri bhuille fan aónbhuille dhó would give three blows for every one he got Ériu v 182.334 . da bheim ... fo gach aoínbhéim, Duan. F. i 69.29 . biaidh an ghealach comhartha ar a haghaidh fo gach deich dá mbia san uimhir sin the moon will be advanced one sign for each tenth of that number Corp. Astron. 108z .

III Various idioms.

(a)

(1) ATÁ ... FÚM I intend: ... ní fhuil | fúm acht inneal ar olcaibh I aim at nought but sin A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 13 . más faoisidin bliadhna atá fúd do dénomh, Mac Aingil 151.13 . ris in drochrūn doui fuí, Ériu v 98.8 . do bhríogh nach raibhe faoi an ceathramhadh ... do leigheas because He did not intend TSh. 1524 . Cf. do bhí a bhara faoi fēin díoghaltas do dhéanamh he intended, purposed 6085 (see 2 bara). an t-ógan agá mbí drochfhuadar faoi who is bent on evil 5316 .

(2) ATÁ FO is liable for (?) in tan is innlaeg berar in bo amach is hegen beith fuithe no co mbere laeg isin aige rogellad, O'Curry 653 ; 1100 (< H 3.18, 316 ; 446 ) = masa indlaeg ... is egean beith fuithe, O'Curry 689 (< H 3.18, 334 ). Cf. madh fo rāith dara ... beither, O'Curry 1100 . in inbaidh ... bīthar fo rāith a hinnlaoghais ib.

DO-ICC FO

(1) impugns: tecor fo coruib na druingi seo the contracts of the group are impugned Laws v 184.23 (see do-icc).

(2) is decided upon by: tainic fái a mhainistir ... d'fagbail he decided to leave ( RC xxv 396.31 . tainig fothaib a denam, Fen. 348z .

DO-TÉT FO: ní taīt Dia fo t[h]airngere conid-chumscaiged `God does not come under a promise that He should alter it' Ml. 109a5 . CUIRID ... FO (NECH) incites: an pecadh sin ... do cur faoi to incite him to that sin BCC § 223 . an merughadh sin do cuir an diabul fúd ib. CUIRIM FUM I settle down: iar gcur fúm i gclúidh, Ó Bruad. ii 248 . DO-BEIR ... FO ...: daringni da nathraig ... eittecha ┐ dorat foluamain fóthib for ammus lasoin made two serpents ... winged, and sent them fluttering towards Jason LL 222a23 ( TTr. 363 ). Cf. scarsit fóu ┐ L. `they parted from (?) him and L.' Trip. 130.6 ( Trip.² 1492 ).

(b) the form with 3 s. pron. suff. fó, foí (fáoi) occurs as adv. in some expressions: cid fó cid for ... bem[m]e whether we be beneath or above Snedg. u. Mac R § 7 ( YBL 12a10 ). ó tét grian fáe when the sun sets Maund. 246 . iar ndol don ghréin fáoi `after the setting of the sun' RSClára 15a . tré dhul fé do ghréin a bheatha, Ó Bruad. ii 242 . coirt darach do berbadh ... go ndeach a trian faoi till it is reduced (in bulk) by a third 23 K 42, 332.10 . amail dogentais in mbeirt | co mbad foe Hériu ardneirt Ireland should be subject (to them) Ériu iv 110.2 . mór míad dorad damsa in rí, | dom ríar dorad fiadha faoi he subjugated lands (?) ACL iii 304.22 . Here perhaps : ro thairc ferand fō (: gó), LL 147a35 (`that has won good land' PRIA iii 551 ). cath slebe Fúait ria Fergal dosfanair fói, Arch. Hib. ii 60 § 25 = LL 182bz . Cf. foí.

(c) fá mar as (of manner) : fá mar adeir an file, TSh. 2837 . fá mar dho níd na cearrbhaig ... go meinic, Ó Héodhusa 156 . Later also fé mar. See immar. See now Celtica ix 126 .

IV Fo enters into a number of stereotyped advbl. phrases, each of which will be found under the second constituent : see bíth (-in), commar, dáig(-in), deó(i)d, dered, leth, 1 sech, tharsna.

V Fo- enters into composition

(a) with vbs. as preverb, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 295 , Thurn. Hdb. § 829 , Sjoestedt-Jonval, Études Celt. iii 219 ff . In some Middle-Irish MSS it is wrongly substituted for other preverbs, see Ériu xiv 129 ff .

(b) with nouns and adjs. as prefix generally either with diminutive sense (with adj. = rather, somewhat , (e.g. fogel), q.v. or that of subordination. Sometimes defining position (e.g. fochóel, q.v.). Hence fo .i. bec nó derōil, O'Dav. 981 .

1 il

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 il or dil.ie/27239
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: iliu, hil, n-ili, il, lia, lia, il, ilága, il, il, il-

adj i (orig. u, GOI § 358 ). As subst. a p. iliu, O'Dav. 621. LL. 119b50 . Sg. form of adj. with pl. noun : nidat glain for n-adbai hil (: dil), SR 7996.

With a noun in pl. many, numerous: atá n-ili dána in spirto `that the Spirit's gifts are many,' Wb. 12a11 . it corp in boill-sin cit íli, 12a13 . arnaib réib ilib, 22a8 . inna leri ili gl. operas multas, Ml. 28c2 . os ní ili `we many', 43a6 . rugil (gl. nonnullo= rug-il `sehr viel'), ZCP vii 488 § 41 , cf. GOI § 366. co mmárbuidin martrae | naptar ili lochtae, Fél. March 18. fertae amrai ili | dogénatar airi, ib. Ep. 175. it ile imda mo anmandsa cheana, BDD² 554. ili insi Mod ... ili tonna mara : liä dāma Domnaill, Bruchst. i § 12 . bātar ili Cothraige | cetharthrebe dia fognad `many were there whom C. ... used to serve,' Thes. ii 309.3 . do flaithib ilib echtrandaib, Laws ii 308.17 . di each dec diamut ili sealbu `if they have belonged to various owners,' v 242.10 Comm. robdar úaite a n-éolaig ┐ robdar ile a n-anéolaich, Ériu iv 126.10 . fíad andrib ilib, LU 3902. ili ceanna, ūatte enech, ZCP viii 195 § 10. bid uaite bar n-airchisechtai, bidt ile bar námait, Alex. 223. go ro chaoininn m'ulca ile, Measgra D. 42.27 .

With a noun in sg. manifold, much, great: cosin taidbse il gl. cum multa ostensione, Ml. 30b11 . in tomais il .i. in toimseo truim (gl. multi ponderis), 20a21 . bith cen ṡeotu | arlicud il | ilar carat `much lending,' Tec. Corm. § 14.29 .

As subst. many, a multitude: tresa n-íccatar híli `through which many may be saved,' Wb. 27c20 . do ṡlund hile `to signify many,' Sg. 28b24 . ní derscaigi in comparit di hilib a cheneiuil feissin, 40a6 . a n-il gl. multum, Ml. 43d23 . aisnefimit uáiti do ilib dib `de multis pauca perstringemus,' Lat. Lives 45.7 . togaethfaid sochaide soifid iliu, LL 119b50 . gellfat-sa de fīad ile in the presence of many, ZCP x 41.22 . co ttangattar ili diabhal ina thimcheall, BNnÉ 6 § 19. tidhnacul mbīdh ... coemthach n-ile, ACL iii 296 § 41. fechtas for iliu oenfer `which one man wreaks upon many,' O'Dav. 621. ar ilib ... ┐ ní ar na huilib dóinib `pro multis .. non pro omnibus,' PH 5227. dú in ro marbhadh íle, AFM i 440.9 . cf. ile .i. iomad, no iolardha, O'Cl.

Equative: con bús lir bommanna ega, TBC-LL¹ 5949. comtar lir gainem mara ... a lleithchind ┐ a llethchloicne ..., RC iii 177.29 . For compar. : comtís lir a mmairb anda a mbí, TBC-LL¹ 6006. at lir turim thrá frassa na saiget past counting, LU 2212. With compar. ending for comparative : is liriu feoir no folt fidbuide `more numerous than ...,' Ir. Gl. p. 70 n . Compar. lia more, more numerous, greater: nabad lia diis no thriur `let it not be more than ...,' Wb. 13a4 . lia gl. plures, Sg. 41a9 . air robtar lia sidi ol mbatar maicc israhel, Ml. 123a8 . ce beth lin is lia do crichaib eturru `a greater number of territories,' Laws i 222.z Comm. lia ceasta canoine nā canoin, ocus lia aicned inā udaras, iii 32.8 Comm. at líu luibni fidbad fann | no ruibni rinndglan retglann, SR 7291. is lia indisi ┐ epirt a ndo ligdath doadbat `beyond telling,' Ériu ii 114 § 39. is lia turem tra ┐ aisneis ina mboí dí degmnáib and, LU 8416. ni ḟil nech is lia seóit ... andú-sa, TBC-LL¹ 59. níba lia in rí is taig andā-side `the king had not more people ...,' ZCP xii 272.30 . bid lia a mairb lais na hoirgne andáta a mbí, BDD² 801. longes ba liu andasaide, Cog. 228.14 . ar mhodh nach liadh da a gceannuibh ina da gceudfadhuibh (=quot capita, tot sententiae), Luc. Fid. 333.4 . iomdha fochuinn as a bfoil | fearg ag Chríosd re cloinn Ádhaimh | ... lia tobar na trócuire ` stronger ,' Dán Dé xxi 12. is lia ná soin daonnacht Dé greater , x 12 . am lia d'ḟios is d'ealadhain `I am richer in knowledge ...,' Content. xiv 10. Ír, ní raibhe laoch ba lia `no warrior was greater,' Keat. ii 747. With de : nocha liauite in biadh `the food is not the more plentiful,' Laws ii 28.17 Comm. is liate in da urlabra `the more lengthy,' Auraic. 635. indar leosom gach imat cruth bias fora ndee is liai-di a cumhachta, Marco P. § 152. liaide duine ag dul 'n-a teach | cor na gcreach ar Muire amach, DDána 21 § 16. lía assa lía more and more numerous: lia sa lia an t-aos ealodhna, Ériu v 52.10 . lia sa lia treablaid is teadhma, Dán Dé xii 2. cóir cungnamh as lia sa lia, DDána 34 § 9. lía assa chách more and more numerous: ┐ ni lia 'sa cach iad ┐ ni huaiti, YBL 85a23 . Superl. issē mac dian lia eōlas i nĒrind, Ériu viii 156.7 . ar an leirg bhus lia duine very numerous ?, DDána 24 § 8. corn lán as lia trócuire, A. Ó Dálaigh ix 1. fód as lia iasg ar abhann, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 8 § 3 v.l. an tráth as teirce an fhéile | 's as lia lucht an toibhéime, L. Cl. A. B. 64.154 . lia toimhdeadh atá don fhior very many , 174.61 .

Adv. ind il greatly: multum .i. is ind il as ferr iudeus quam gentilis, Wb. 2a4 . With de : is lia de creitfess `the more ,' 23b7 .

Compds. il is most commonly compounded with plur. nouns, but may also be compounded with nouns of a collective or abstract character, e.g. il-chésad, il-chonách, il-ecor, il-ḟodlaidetu. ¤adbai many dwellings: dia n-ergnaib, dia n-iladbaib, SR 7264. ¤adbara many materials ? : ri secht nimi, rí talman, | ardruiri na n-iladbar, 7734 . ¤ág manifold combat, many fights: g. (? s. or p.) airm ilága , TBC-LL¹ 4105. ¤aicdi many materials: rasilsat i. adhamrai ann .i. nemaind Locha Lein, Anecd. ii 6.6 . ¤aicmi many races, many families: nicon fogail hilltuathai ┐ hilaicme fear talman, Alex. 236. ¤airdbe many slayings: bé dia mbiat ilardbe | eter Ulto erredaib, IT i 69.9 . ¤airm many weapons: dia n-ilarmib, SR 732. ¤anman many names: ilanman domber doib du(a)id 'many names which David gives to them', Études Celt. xl 65 ( Ml. 48c34 ​). ainmnigud oen folaid húa ilanmmanaib, Sg. 30a5 . ¤arda many heights: dor-riagat ilardae uisscib indberaib, BDD² 455. ¤átha many fords: for ilathaib Boinde, YBL 173b52 . m'oenur dam ar ilathaib, TBC-LL¹ 2336. co mensat (leg. memsat, Ed.) ort forsna ilathu, LU 6097. ¤baill many limbs: dorígeni dia corp ... ó ilballaib, Wb. 12a29 . ¤bélrae, ¤bérlai, ¤bérlada n. later m. many languages: is ferr precept oldaas labrad ilbéelre, 12d7 . ni labrátar uili ó ilbélrib, 12b22 . do fogluim na n-ilberla fon doman, Laws i 20.7 Comm. iar cumasc na n-ilbérlae `after the confusion of tongues,' Ériu iv 140.21 . eoin ... cantai ilcheolu i n-ilbelraib, ii 118 § 54 . áit ionar thiodhnuic Día ilbhérladha an domhain do Neamhrúadh, IGT Introd. 3.12 . ¤benna many horned animals: il-benda, Laws i 64.9 . ¤berta ` many burdens,' many tasks ?: gessa ┐ i. bítis for Coinculainn, RC xiv 398 § 1. ¤blassa see blas. ¤blátha many blossoms: forsnig inna hilblátha, Imr. Brain § 6. ¤blíadnai many years: ecmaing bátir ilblédni, § 62. demun oca himluad fri hil-bliadnu, PH 1990. ¤brecht(n)ugud great diversification, great variegation: hilbrectnugud retland roglan i n-aidchi réoid, TBC-LL¹ 5048. ilbrechtnugud cech datha inti, Acall. 5454 n. ilbrechtugud, 7168 . ¤brechtrad, ¤mrechtrad manifold variety: adiecta cona n-ilmrechtrud, Sg. 29b6 . hilbrectradh ndath n-éxamail na cathsciath, CCath. 1728. as lais tuccadh ilbrechtradh gacha datha i n-edighibh ar tús, AFM i 42.z . ¤bríathra many words: mrechtrad inna n-ilbriathar, Ml. 122d11 . ¤brugai (see mruig) g p. imtiagad breatha ilbruige `the judgments on the various farms vary,' Laws v 466.15 . ¤búada many victories, many outstanding qualities: dia n-ilbuadaib, SR 716. ra bátar ilbuada ilarda ... for Coinculaind, TBC-LL¹ 660. innisidh a iolbhuadha, DDána 67 § 23. ¤búaid great excellence ?: lat mac n-oebind co n-ilbúaid, SR 2864. ¤buidne many bands: na hilbuidni airridrici, TTebe 1444 . ¤chaingni many affairs, many troubles: ba mertnech Moisi ... fri hi., SR 4542. ¤chatha many battles: fri frithalim n-i., 5058 . ¤chathraig many cities: Sg. 13a2 . a n-ilchathrachaib tíre Iúda, PH 3675. ¤chelga many treacheries: a fhír-indilltech na n-il-chelg n-exsamail, 8174 . ¤chella many churches : et fundavit il-cella i nDáil Araidi, Lat. Lives 34.13 . ¤chenéle many kinds: ataat i. bérli isin biuth so, Wb. 12d4 . ¤chennadacha many provinces: do luid ri Eoganachta for creich ┐ innrudh ilchendadhach, YBL 1a16 . ¤chenna many heads: tolaib ilchend (of a beast), SR 882. ¤chéola, ¤chéol many melodies, many harmonies, manifold music: binnithir ilcheólu in domain ..., LU 2034. co srethaib ... ilchéolaib, SR 992. parrthus cona thairthib ┐ cona il-cheolaib, YBL 157a16 . binn leisna harcainglibh ilcēol na hēnlaithe, ZCP viii 199 § 5. seinn i., Studies 1919, 611 § 1 . ¤cherda many crafts, many accomplishments: batar hi. inganta leo, PH 889. go ráith bhfódsgoraigh na n-ilcheard n-éagsamhail, DDána 70 § 14. ioldanach .i. duine lan d'ealadhnaib no d'ilcheardaib, O'Cl. ¤chésad ` act of torturing in various ways' : go raibhe dá il-chéasadh ann (i.e. in Hell), TSh. 564. ¤chéta many hundreds: tríasna hilchéta blíedne, Imr. Brain § 65. co ruc il-chéta bó as, RC xvii 363.8 . ¤chethrai many cattle, cattle of various kinds: isin cumusg n-ilcethra `in the intermixture of various cattle,' Laws ii 4.y Comm. imtar imdai a n-i., SR 4662. ¤chíalla many meanings: na ilchialla asind óinrainn, Sg. 197a17 . o oin inna n-ilchial, 154a1 . ataat ilchialla isint sun ebraidiu, Ml. 37a10 . ¤chinéla many races: na hilltuatha ┐ na hilchinela, LB 122b39 . ¤chlessa many tricks: a ilcleasa neme ar indell aicci, TBC-LL¹ 3931 (Stowe). i n-árach a n-il-chleas `varied tricks,' TSh. 528. ¤choin many hounds: airm i mbiat i. géra, LU 2418. ¤chomarbas manifold heirship: can forbeir coimaithces ? A il-comarbus `from several heirs,' Laws iv 68.19 . ¤chomraic many encounters, many combats: nipa frithenech debtha hit ilchomraicib, LU 3495 (SC). ¤chonách : dochuaidh ilconach do Césair `manifold prosperity,' CCath. 2368. ¤chuir many turns ? many circles ? : línib hilchor (a cheville), SR 166 ¤chrícha many territories: i n-ilchrīchaib comadais, ACL iii 218 § 7. ¤dála many delays: a ben, ná bi ic hildalaib, SR 1698. ¤dána many gifts, many arts, many accomplishments ; sg. ¤dán varied skill, manifold science: nítat ildáni do óenfiur et ní óen dán do sochuidi `it is not many gifts to one man ...,' Wb. 21a16 . tormaigid eneclann du neoch il-dana du beith aigi, Laws v 108.16 Comm. In sg. : fairenn cach ildāna of every varied gift, Ériu iv 163.14 . ? used as adj. iar n-eladnaib ildánaib, SR 2226. ¤dath, ¤datha sg. and pl. many hues, varied colouring: Emne co n-ildath féle, Imr. Brain § 60. co mbrechtaib cach illdatha, SR 56. Loch Riach ..., illatha de gach n-aenlā dath gorm, dath buidhe ..., ZCP v 24 § 14. Attrib. gen.: i mbeirtibh óir ioldatha, TD 7 § 26. ¤dechraib d p. many differences: isnaib i., Ml. 125d7 . ¤delba many shapes, varied shapes: rí rodasgni ... i. na n-anmanna, SR 7270. ¤dírib d p. many fines, many compensations: slan enech ecmaing in il-dirib i n-ordaib il-grad ecsi, YBL 179b13 . ¤draídechta varied enchantments: na hildraidhechta ┐ na hileicne ro imerset draithe Cormaic orro, RC xliii 58 § 58. ¤dúili many elements: trí accomol n-ildule `through the conjunction of many elements,' Ml. 145c4 . ro chainset na hilldúile, SR 7760. ¤échta many slayings, many slain: re himad na n-ar ocus na n-ilécht, MR 240.8 . āra ┐ ilēchta, TTebe 2856 . ¤ecor much decoration, much inlay: etaigi caema ... arna n-ilecur do snath alaind orda, TTebe 2214 . Attrib. gen.: ruithean na cathbarr n-orda n-ileagair, 917 . cloidim cru[a]idgher ... ┐ se ordhuirn ilegair, Aen. 1955. ¤ḟaebair, ¤ḟaebra many weapons, varied weapons: na hairm ┐ na hilḟaebair, Acall. 2031. ní geibhtis renna ná ilfaebra he, RC xliii 46 § 45. gé bhrisim ... beirn le beagán iolfhaobhar, DDána 82 § 2. Metaph. armtha lé hiol-fhaobhraibh na haithrighe, TSh. 10816. ¤ḟodla many divisions: nos deocraigitt i n-ecsamlus na n-ilfodal fil forsin mbairdni, IT iii 6 § 4. ¤ḟodlaidetu manifold division: cid i n-airecar ilfodlaidetu forsin cetardu sin (viz. na cethri primfodla filed forsin bardni), IT iii 6 § 4. ¤ḟolta : fri slond n-ilḟolad `to signify many substances,' Sg. 28b22 . ¤ḟuirech much delay: ní bad muilleóir duit fer ilḟuirig `a man of much delay,' Tec. Corm. § 34.5 . níbat ilḟurig im írad n-echtrand `do not often delay ...,' SCC 272 (= LU 3471 ). ¤gáiri, later ¤gáirthe, ¤gár(r)tha many cries, much clamour: a cuirdís óic ilgáire, Acall. 3094. fodord mor ... ┐ ilgaire troma fergacha, LB 151b37 . iolgháirthe gan méid do mhair, IGT Decl. ex. 1983. iolgháirthe badhbh is brainéan, TD § 31. iolach ┐ iolgarrtha, RC xxix 122.7 . ¤gáirdes much joy: cūis ilghairdis, Fl. Earls 238.10 . ¤gáirdiugud much rejoicing or merrymaking: ticdiss ... d'ilghairdiugadh inntinne dōip `to make amusement for them,' 58.15 . ¤gessa many spells, many enchantments: mar mhná na n-ilgheas oile, TD 1 § 17. ó do imdhigh a n-ilgheasa `their great prerogatives,' Aithd. D. 45 § 3. ar eól amhra i n-ilgheasaibh, Hackett l 8. ¤géill many hostages: a p. huaire do-foxla ilgiallu, Laws iv 330.4 Comm. ¤glésa many arrangements, manifold equipment: im thalmain co n-ilglessaib, SR 90. re hil-gles a hoirfideach, MR 102.17 . ¤gné many kinds, varied appearances: bieit i. indi són, Ml. 97a1 . Lucifer linib hilgne, SR 1690. nocon fetarsa indat ilgnae do-chuirither in folt fair fo indat trí fuilt failet fair, BDD² 1125. ¤gníma many deeds, various deeds: nicond ailet il-gnima `various works,' Laws v 414.x . a ghríobh na n-ilghníomh n-orrdhuirc, DDána 92 § 40. soidheach il-ghníomh n-amhghlan inn, Aithd. D. 73 § 3. tar eis na n-ilgnim sin do denum, Stair Erc. 1223. ¤gotha : ba uisse ce notectad ilgotha ` many sounds ,' Sg. 197a11 . ¤grád(a) many orders, many grades: ni do thoimsib na n-hilgrad, SR 714. cona ecalsib i n-ilgradaib, ZCP iii 223 § 4. ¤gréssa many ornamentations, many illuminations (of a MS.) : in sgribenn n-amrae ... cona ilgresaib aillib examlaib, Fél. 90.6 . ¤imad very many, a great quantity: maille re hiolimad dona págánachaibh, Ériu v 192.530 . ioliomad édála léo, 194.564 . fer saidhbhir ... co n-ílimad gacha maithusa, RC x 187.14 . Ionas, Iob, ┐ il-iomad oile, TSh. 8434. go n-ilimat bād ┐ ethor, Fl. Earls 86.12 . ¤innéirge : ilinnerghe ineragar o ecluis bunuidh `many desertions are made from an original church,' Laws iii 64.20 . ¤intliuchta : sluindes ilsésu ┐ ilintliuchtu `that signifies many senses and many meanings,' Ml. 37a10 . ¤lanna many blades: ar fich arm il-land ngorm, LL 43a13 . ¤liuna a p. : arna tormastar fort iliuna len lighe `lest there be added to thy numerous sorrows the sorrows of a sick bed,' Ériu viii 173.30 . ¤litre many letters: ar it lia sillaba o illitrib quam ó oinlitrib, Sg. 71a18 . ? ¤lúamand : ? roīr dam ... deich tallima taroeda il-luamand, Ériu ii 28.31 . ¤luicc many places: dorata i. dáib, Trip.² 1185. ¤maicni many tribes, many families: frisna iltuathaib ┐ frisna ilmacnib ┐ frisna ilmílib, TBC-LL¹ 453. ¤maín(e) much wealth, many treasures, many gifts: ladiri ocus ilmuine mic Dé `manifold powers,' Laws i 22.22 Comm. ar id ilmaoine moighter comarbaib, iv 266.24 . fuath lais ór is iolmhaoine, Aithd. D. 20 § 21. do bhronn d'filidh ilmhaíne, IGT Decl. ex. 1173. Fig. (see maín (c)) ; im ṡeirc Dé ba hilmain, Fél. Feb. 11. taimthiu Ióib ilmain (? in app. to taimthiu), June 30 . ¤mara many seas: tíre is iolmhara eadroinn, Studies 1918, 453 § 15 . ¤mairb many dead: ro-thóduscastar hil-marbu ... lais a bás, PH 3747. ¤míana many desires: cin nach n-uiressbhaidh dia n-ilmianaib, Stair Erc. 624. ¤míla many animals: Adam, sruth is ilmílaib, SR 1642. cona huilib hilmilaib, 1632 . ¤míli many thousands: i fil ilmíli brecc mban, Immrama 11 § 19. bíaid ... cath for ilmilib, IT i 131.39 . cid oenfer do hilmilib, SR 4024. co ruca hilmíle lett dochum Nime, Lat. Lives 82.11 . do caithedar ... ilmilti do liagaibh lámh, Stair Erc. 1549. ¤mílid many soldiers: in coica curad ... ┐ na hilmili[d], TTebe 3259 . ¤mná many women: cell a ndentar imot adaltrais ri hilmnaib, Laws v 122.6 Comm. ¤moda many ways: roptar cosmaile hó ilmodaib .i. Moyṡi ocus Pátraic, Trip. ii 474.20 . ¤nathraig many snakes, various snakes: co n-immud a hillnathrach, SR 4684. ¤phairti many parts: cor bloidh in cathbarr a n-ilpairtibh, Stair Erc. 354. ¤phectha many sins: acht ro pennead a n-ilpeacta, Laws v 448.2 . a lloss ilpeacadh cloinde n-Adaim, Leb. Gab.(i) 8.11 . ¤phersain multiplicity of persons, many persons: ní tre ilpersa sed per filium dei (? leg. ¤persana, Edd.), Wb. 32b2 . ¤phíana many pains, varied pains: coro innithmigtís hiffer[n]d cona ilphíanaib, LU 1960. ag ingheilt ar il-phianaibh ifrinn cropping the varied pains of hell, TSh. 1963. ¤phíanad act of torturing in many ways: tuc co port Rig da riagad | na hiuidail, da n-il-pianad, Metr. Dinds. iii 416.34 . dá il-phianadh go síordhaidhe, TSh. 9165. pl. varied tortures: imat ilpianad itfrinn, RC xxviii 320 § 37. ¤phíasta, ¤phésti many or varied beasts, many reptiles: eisc ┐ ilpiasta ichtair in aiceoin, Ériu v 20.12 . no-chodlad a oenur eter na hilphiasta ┐ ni erchoitigitis do, PH 875. tearc ann do na hilphiastaibh, DDána 112 § 16. ¤phíast, ¤phéist (= oillphíast, see s.v. oll) s. monster, serpent: an dubh-loch ... irraibhe an il-péist fraochdha, BNnÉ 135. iiib. 14 . ilphiast 'na hinbhearaibh, TD 13 § 10. ¤ranna many parts, various parts: comsuidiugud o ilrannaib uil composition from all the many parts, O'Mulc. 100. ¤ratha many graces, many blessings: is liriu feor nó folt fidbaide i. in marbnaid noeb siu, ZCP iii 225.4 . ¤rechta many shapes: is de atberthe in siriti ara met no delbad i n-ilrechtaib, LU 9009 (FB). domrat ... rí na nuli i n-ilrechtaib, 1290 . ar a immat d'ilr[e]achtaib a téiged sí, Acall. 2402. bean bhroit úaine a n-ilreachduibh, IGT Decl. ex. 1587. ¤rechta ? : fiu a heire éara dá hilreachtaibh, DDána 83 § 1. ¤ríana many paths, many ways: a n-ifurnd na n-ilrīan, ACL iii 216 § 3. échta ┐ ilriana in ármhuighe sin, MR 318.30 . ilriana urbadacha eli ic fostad ... fhoirne dá n-ógbhadhaibh, 316.28 . many floods, many seas ? : atraachtatar a róin ... ┐ a chenandain ┐ i. in mara, CRR § 10. ¤rind many stars: firmiminti na n-i., SR 274. ¤rith manifold course ?, many courses ? : srethaib ilretha rétlann, SR 718. ¤rúna, ¤rún many mysteries, varied mystery ? : ri rooirdnistar mac Nún | Essu, co n-immud hilrún, SR 5006. d'aisneis ocus d'ḟiadhnughadh aignidh ocus illruine na n-oghbriathar, MR 92.1 . ¤ṡailm many psalms: it ilsailm hi tadbadar foisitiu a pecthae do duaid, Ml. 32b18 . ¤ṡésu a p. : sluindes ilsésu ┐ ilintliuchtu `that signifies many senses ...,' 37a10 . ¤ṡelb many possessions: ag nach fuil gradh ilṡelba, Imr. Brain 88.5 . ¤ṡenman : cosmulius tuib arataat ilsenman `many sounds,' Wb. 12c46 . ¤ṡétchi many wives: adellad ilsétchi `that frequent various mates,' Mon. Tall. 132.1 . ¤ṡlúaig many hosts : a p. inna ilslogu, Tur. 110a . is mortcend do ilslúagaib, LU 8958 (FB). ¤tegdaisi many dwellings: ... catrach ... ┐ iltegdaisi i medon indde, Hib. Min. 221. ¤tintudai many translations: ataat i. leu cene, Ml. 3a14 . ¤tíre many lands: for túathaib, for iltírib, SR 6620. ¤toimtin many meanings: de dliguth inna n-iltoimdden, Sg. 26b7 . ¤tóisigh : dorochratar i. rothréna di cechtar na dá ṡlóg, TTr.² 1120. ¤treba : etir iltrebu `between many tribes,' Ml. 37d10 . ¤túatha many peoples: for hinnilib na n-iltuath, SR 2346. fo hill-tuathaib in domain, PH 6452. na hilltuatha ┐ na hil-chinela, LB 122b39 . ¤uisci many waters: amal tondgur n-iluisce, SR 608.

With adjj. It has been found convenient to take together adjj. compounded with il- and those derived from compound nouns of which il- is the first element, e.g. ilchenélach, ilainglech, ilmíanach, as it is not always easy to distinguish between them. There seems to be a distinction in meaning. il-, in the true compounds, having for the most part merely intensive force, e.g. il-bind, il-chrúaid, il-gránda. With those adjj. which clearly derive from compound nouns no hyphen is used here. ¤adbal very vast: ō Muir Icht álaind iladhbail, ACL iii 231.21 . ilainglech surrounded by many angels: co ríg n-il-ainglech n-ūasal, Thes. ii 300.8 ( Hy. i ). ilarmach many-weaponed: ger'bo raith óc i., Acall. 2741. ¤bind of manifold sweetness: sluag ... i., ilchaem, ... co claiscedal aingel, YBL 163b17 . ¤blasta very sweet, very tasty: cruithnecht i., LB 139a52 . ¤bras very eager, very quick: a bil-[l]aburthach ilchlesach i., PH 8181. a il-geranach ... il-ceolach i., YBL 162a20 . ¤brecc much variegated, very spotted: inar do s[h]rōll ilbreac ingantach, ML² 1471. ba hi in nirmamint ilbrec, Cog. 178.19 . forsna sciathaib ilbrecca, LB 152b31 . na haquili ... ilbreca `the speckled eagles,' CCath. 4927. ua (= ba) hilbrecca illathach na moigi ... risna cethaib comgela cubair, TTebe 2340 . As subst. : díallait órdha co n-ilbrecaibh, Imr. Brain 68.21 . ¤brechtach much variegated: sciath oirderc ilbreachtach, TTebe 3576 . ¤brén very foul: slog mor dub dorcha i. ... do démnaib, PH 8101. hi tégdais ... tenntige il-brein, 8297 . ¤brethach of many judgments, critical: an fhlaith ríoghdha il-bhreithech, RC xliii 280.z . il-geranach imchosaitech i., PH 8180. ¤bruthach very fiery: slog ... i. ... do démnaib, 8102 . ¤búadach of many victories, having many outstanding qualities: a nda sciath ailli ilbuadhacha, CF 295. conaca in tiprait ... n-ilbúadaig `endowed with many virtues,' Ériu iv 100 § 34. clanna ilbuadacha na hErend, Cog. 52.2 . gluaisis mac Ruaidhrí an ruathair iolbhuadhaigh, Aithd. D. 4 § 3. As an epithet : Oscar ilbuadhach, CF 786. ¤chaem very beautiful, possessing many charms: sluag ... il-bind i., YBL 163b17 . ilchenélach of many races: na hAdam-clainni ilcenealaichi, Cog. 166.6 . ilchenélaigthe peopled with many races: clanna ... na hErend ilcenelaigthi, 52.2 . ilchennach many-headed: in pheist irdairc úathmar i., LU 2429. pesti ... ilchennacha, RC xxviii 318 § 36. ¤chéolach of many melodies ?, very melodious ? : fail coll n-écsi n-ilcheólach ` music-haunted ,' Metr. Dinds. iii 286.24 . i nÉirinn ilcheolaigh, Aithd. D. 4 § 5. ag éisteacht ré hoirfideadh il-cheólach, TSh. 10916. uttering many complaints ? : a ilgeranach ... ilceolach ilbras, YBL 162a20 . ilchéolta : in fhailti ilceolta `many melodied,' RC xxviii 322 § 49. ilcherdach skilled in many crafts, very skilful, skilfully made: ionann iomorro ioldánach is ilcheardach, Keat. iii 666. ón mhúr ḟoirbhthe ilcheardach, TD 16 § 40. ilchessach : glic an éigse ilcheasach `of many problems,' Dánfhocail § 66. ilchíallda of many meanings: focail i., Content. v 43. ilchlannach having many descendants, having many divisions: clann .i. fodhail, ut est ro clui aicme ilclannaigh (v.l. ilclannach) `a tribe of many subdivisions languished,' O'Dav. 350 (? read he overthrew a tribe ...). go hAdhamh ... n-ilchlannach, MR 98.9 . possessed of many qualities or qualifications ? : iar n-urd eolais ilclandaigh, Leb. Cert. 236.7 . is ferr aicni ilclannach as a mbuaidh bretha berdar .i. asa mberar in brethemnus co buadach, O'Curry 2276 (< Eg. 88, fo. 20c ) = aiccnedh i., O'Curry 1610 (< 23 Q 6, p. 5b ). ilchlessach of many feats, of many tricks: an fear fionn iolchlesach, TBC-LL¹ 5466 (Stowe). Aengus ilclessach, Acall. 2732. a bil-[l]aburthach il-chlesach il-bras, PH 8181. ag aimsighthibh ilchleasacha an aidhbhirseóra, TSh. 10489. ¤chlóen very wily ? : as subst. : co Sencha mac Coscra, co ilcloin, Ériu i 116 § 5. ¤chodach ? : i. airchetail, IT iii 105 § 208. ¤chonda very wolfish, very fierce: cāinḟāel i. `ein ... vielgrimmer Wolf,' Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 25 (a) . ¤chossáitech very quarrelsome, much given to complaining: a ilgeranach, ilchossaidech, YBL 162a19 . ¤chráibthech very pious: betha Fharannain iolcraibtigh, Anecd. iii 1.5 . ¤chréchtnaighthe having many wounds ?, very badly wounded ?: cuirp ... ilcrechtnaigthe, LB 207a16 . dofuit ... M. ilcrectnaigte la hAicil, BB 439a21 . ¤chrothach very shapely ?, of many shapes, of varied beauty ? : ba hingen cumachtach i. hi (of Caer Ibormeith who had power to change into a bird), Aisl. Óeng. 19.7 . i mmag n-Árach n-i., Metr. Dinds. iv 28.46 . na heoin ailli il-chrothacha, KMMisc. 316.15 . i [bh]feidhm eolais ilchrothaigh, Leb. Cert. 236.3 . A common epithet of Juno : Iunaind ilcrothach, TTebe 2621 . in t-anmann ilchrothach-side (of Juno transforming herself into many shapes of animals) `this many-formed animal,' Stair Erc. 87. in rigan og alaind i., 929 . ¤chrúaid very hard: iombualadh ... iolchrúaidh, Atlantis iv 212.y . ildánach very gifted, skilled, accomplished, having many gifts or accomplishments (frequently used as subst.) : is amlaid bái in Dond Cualgni dubdond diumsach...illanach, IT iii 245.77 . ioldanach .i. duine lan d'ealadhnaibh no d'ilcheardaibh, O'Cl. Of the heads of crafts appointed by the ollamhs at the Feis of Eamhain ┐ the Feis of Cruachan to preside over the industries of the country : do gairthí ioldánaigh dona saoithibh-se. Ionann ... ioldánach is ilcheardach, Keat. iii 664 - 6 . tráighfidh muir ... go hiongantach ioldánach, DDána 29 § 6. fear ... ioldanach i lLaidin, AFM v 1584.9 . ioldánach `a jack-of-all-trades ,' O'R. As sobriquet of Lugh Lámhfada (cf. Samildánach) : ó armmuib in Illdhánaigh, Anecd. i 31 § 49. Superl. amail is illdanaighe dofuaramar according to the most expert knowledge we could find, BB 38a9 . ildathach many-coloured: co n-étaigib ildathachaib, TBFr. 36. in tuaig nimi n-illdathaig, SR 2628. cóeca ingen [n-]illdathach `arrayed in many colours,' SCC 803 (= LU 3980 ). meirgi ard ill-dathach, ML² 1181. barr i. in talman, O'Mulc. 201. a hearr iol-dathach (of a peacock), TSh. 2352. Name of a mythical country , as ā, f. : techt in-Ildathig i.e. nomen regionis, Imr. Brain § 24. ildathaigthe many-coloured: meic ... Israeil na thErend illataigthi, Cog. 160.18 . ildelbach having many shapes, adorned with many figures; beautiful ? : Emne i. fri rían, Imr. Brain § 19. amal cach scrin n-ildelbaig, SR 4212. issind dluim chruind ildealbhach `in the round, multiform cloud,' Ériu ii 108 § 22. in maccamh óg ildealbach, Acall. 1680. lēine il-delbach ōr-s[h]náith, ML² 1690. treabh na n-earradh n-ildealbhach `with varied vestures,' TD 21 § 26. saorchorn óir ildealbhaigh `of variously wrought gold,' 31 § 7 . ildelbda many-shaped: hilerda na n-anman n-án | is na n-i. ndermár creatures of varied shape, SR 310. ildionnach many-hued ? : don mhoigh eangbhláith i. (: Teamhrach), TD 24 § 37. ildírech : beas ill-danach, bid ill-direach he will have many fines (of one to whom because his honour-price is high, large fines are due for injury suffered), Laws v 108.12 . Aurard ilgradhach ildanach ildirech, Anecd. ii 65.6 . ¤ecairthe much adorned, adorned in various ways: cathbarr ... d'or alaind ilecairthi, TTebe 3205 . ilḟaebrach armed with many weapons: don druing fhuiligh iolfhaobhruigh ` sharp-sworded ,' Aithd. D. 3 § 17. ilḟoclach containing many words: in gach aen ebert ilfoclaig, Auraic. 1558. ilgáirdeach agreeable, pleasing: ru-s-taispein ē fēin go supailceach ilghairdeach dōib, Fl. Earls 38.x . ba lūthghāireach ilgairdeach lasin rīg ..., 222.25 . ¤geránach : a il-geranach `[thou soul] full of complaints,' PH 8180. ilgessach possessing many powers or enchantments: an líg n-ilgheasaigh n-áluinn ` many-virtued ,' TD 22a § 41 . ilgnéthech of many kinds: ilghnétheach, iolradh, eugsamhla ` Divers ,' Eg. Gl. 416. ilgnímach skilled in the performance of many deeds: uair nirb óc, rop i., Metr. Dinds. iii 242.12 . ind Aige ḟíal i., ii 66.8 . ilgnúisech ? : firmarius (read formarius) .i. ilghnuiseach ` many faced ,' Auraic. 811. ilgonach many-wounding: ardcomrac aigmeil i., CF 666. ilgothach many-voiced: re haltrom én [n]-ilgothach, Ériu i 39 § 3. ¤grádach very distinguished: Aurard ilgradhach ildanach ildirech, Anecd. ii 65.6 . As an epithet : Eicsi il-gradhach inghen Dána, 50.16 . ¤gránda very hideous, very ugly: led dhoirr n-iolghránna n-aidhbhsigh, Content. xxii 19 n . ilgrésach adorned with much ornamental work: chóig imlenda āilli ilgrēsacha `variously wrought,' Fianaig. 58.22 . fā Bera uasail ilghrēsaigh of varied accomplishments, ML² 578. ¤imda very numerous, manifold: ciarsat ailimda a clanna, Cog. 52.1 . deacair foghnamh do thoil dá thighearna | foghnamh iliomdha soin ..., Studies 1932, 140 § 1 . ilmaínech very wealthy, possessing varied treasures: Uisnech álainn iolmhaoinech, ZCP viii 221 § 44. don árus fhairsing ... iol-mhaoineach, TSh. 2729. ¤míanach very covetous: ní bad rannaire duit fer i. `a man of many desires,' Tec. Corm. § 34.4 . ¤níamach very splendid, very bright: na n-edaighi n-ilniamach, Stair Erc. 224. ilphíastach abounding in monsters: ar muir úathmuir ilpíastaigh, Anecd. i 32 § 57. glend aigméil, ilpiastach, uathmar, BNnÉ 131.17 . i gcarcair il-phiastaigh ifrinn, TSh. 802. goibél úathmhar ilphíasdach, IGT Decl. ex. 933. ¤rathach abounding in grace: it riched ilrathach, Fél. Ep. 466. ¤rechtach many-formed ? ; very frenzied ? : is i. in tí 'sa tuarascbáil, MU² 635. is and so cétríastartha im Choin Culaind co nderna úathbásách n-i. n-ingantach ... de, LU 6443. do-rinne fuath n-i. n-anaithnid de, Comp. CC 102.17 . To a woman who had changed appearance : is ilreachtach sin, a bean, ol in mac, RC xxiv 200 § 15. i Ráith ilreachtaigh Eochuill, TD 40 § 21. ilríanach : san éigse il-rianaigh `in the mazy land of poesy,' Content. xxii 14. ¤ṡínach with much bad-weather: gamh ilṡíonach, gaethach ` changeable ,' AFM ii 1100.12 . ¤tairthech very productive, very fertile: morthír ... iltairthech, SR 4702. ¤tríathach very lordly, very princely: mac Edlicon iltríathaig (v.l. imtriathaich) `head of many chiefs,' Metr. Dinds. iii 276.6 .

imdíburcud, imdíbracad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imdíburcud, imdíbracad or dil.ie/27473

 

Forms: imdíburgun

I (3 imm-, im- + díburcud) n u, m. In Mid. Ir. also imdíburgun. mutual casting, hurling or shooting: na teóra fuithairbe ro bátár eturro ocond i.¤ at the mutual casting of weapons, LU 9070 ( FB § 82 ). gia rabai dfhebas in imdíburcthi rabói dfhebas na himdegla, nára fulig ... cách, TBC-LL¹ 3562. By metathesis : an t-imdiubhraccadh, TBC-LL¹ (Stowe) p. 519 n. 8 . ic frestal imairic imdibhraici díbh re foirnibh na llong, CCath. 1396. ba he tricci ┐ imluas inn imdiubraict[h]i leo, 5659 . cona bai acht edh athgairit a n-imdiubraicthi etarra, 5548 . is foicsiu lind don ág in t-imrubad indiu anda dond (leg. ind) imdíburgun inné, TBC-LL¹ 3608.

II (2 imm + díburcud) n u, m. the act of casting, hurling: co mbídis na slóigh ic glíadh ┐ ic imdíbhrucud díbh for lucht na cathrach, CCath. 1750.

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